PSM 2016 April Edition

Page 1






Celebrating freedom Minister Nathi Mthethwa reflects on SA’s progress, challenges



APRIL 2016

Revitalising local government Minister Des van Rooyen wants better functioning municipalities


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APRIL 2016

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• Local fashion at its best • Keep your kidneys healthy


Municipal Elections Make the most of your right to vote


Tembinkosi Bonakele

COMPETITION REGULATION FOR A GROWING AND INCLUSIVE ECONOMY The focus of the Commission’s new vision, dubbed vision 2030, is to undertake competition regulation for a growing and inclusive economy.

Adopting a new vision and strategic direction provides a fresh impetus to the Commission’s

commitment towards meaningful economic development, and contributes to the objectives of the

National Development Plan. It recognises that competition regulation is not only narrowly focused on growth, but is also concerned about inclusivity.

Contents APRIL 2016


Regulars 10

Conversations with leaders Arts and Culture Minister Nathi Mthethwa is leading efforts to unite SA


Profiles in leadership Gautrain Management Agency COO William Dachs on the success of the Gautrain


Women in the public sector Lihle Dlamini talks about what goes into managing the brand of the South African National Biodiversity Institute


Trailblazer Young scientist Katlego Ncongwane is creating waves in renewable energy research


Vital stats Fast facts at your fingertips


In other news News you need to know while you are on the go


Upcoming events A look at local and international events for your diary and information


Provincial focus The country’s nine Premiers outline plans to grow their local economies and improve lives


Public sector appointments Find out who is new on Persal


Financial fitness How retirement reforms affect you




Features 44

Budget 2016: Curbing spending to boost the economy Unpacking the Budget Speech


Make your voice heard South Africans must register to exercise their democratic right to vote


Working towards well functioning municipalities Minister Des Van Rooyen on building capable and efficient municipalities


Mangaung Metro driving development Mangaung Metro is improving lives through service delivery


SAQA celebrates 20 years of success The South African Qualifications Authority continues to improve the quality of qualifications offered in SA


Youth development linked to developmental agenda Deputy Minister Buti Manamela on empowering youth

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Optimise your health the fun way with GEMS – at no extra cost

Dance, skip and walk your way to weight loss Leading an active lifestyle and reaching your ideal weight need not be a drag. The recently launched GEMS Fitness programme encourages members to get into shape the fun and high-tech way.

GEMS’s philosophy is to encourage proactive health, which not only can go a long way to preventing non-communicable diseases but can also help with stress management and boosts the immune system. Exercise not only sculpts the body but also has innumerable benefits for the body’s health. People who exercise regularly are less likely to contract illnesses such as colon cancer, for example. Exercise also assists in the management of other healthcare risks and medical conditions, such as type 2 diabetes. In combination with a balanced and varied diet, exercise also assists in the prevention of heart disease and stroke, as well as assisting in the management of high blood pressure.

GEMS also understands that embarking on an exercise regime can seem daunting to members, which is why the GEMS Fitness programme has been specially designed for maximum fun to keep motivation levels up. If you join the GEMS Fitness programme, you will receive a fitness welcome pack, which includes:

[ [ • • • • • •

a skipping rope, a set of earphones, a fitness tracking device, a water bottle, a drawstring bag and a gym towel.

Benefits of joining • An annual fitness assessment, • Access to a GEMS Contact Centre that provides health coaches and support agents for wearable device and fitnessrelated queries, • Access to onsite exercise sessions, and • Comprehensive information on exercise, nutrition and all the information you need to embrace a healthier lifestyle.

In addition, you will have access to the GEMS Fitness Journey portal via My Health to help you track your personal journey to fitness. It includes a range of features such as challenge my friends, view my wellness/fitness reports, view my overall health and many more. There are three simple steps to joining the GEMS Fitness exercise and health programme: 1.



You need to be a principal GEMS member or a dependant who is also employed in the public sector. You need to be validated; which means your department needs to agree to participate. GEMS will then come to your department to host an activation event. You need to attend an activation event and complete a form to activate your GEMS Fitness membership.

Validated members can join the GEMS Fitness programme through the GEMS Fitness call centre on 0860 00 4367. GEMS 093

At no additional cost, the Government Employees Medical Scheme’s (GEMS) members and their dependants who are also employed in the public service can apply to take part in this health and exercise programme. This is in keeping with the GEMS commitment to provide public service employees with access to excellent healthcare which is both affordable and efficient.

Working towards a healthier you





Opinion There is a lot of good taking place in the country, writes Harold Maloka


Opinion Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies on the state’s support of local producers


Strengthening SA’s social security net South African has made strides in ensuring that recipients of social grants are looked after, says Minister Bathabile Dlamini


Opinion Congress Mahlangu and Vusi Mona make a case for government-owned media platforms

Publishers: Department of Communication and Information System Information Enquiry Service: +27 (0)12 473 0269 Switchboard: +27 (0)12 473 0000 Tshedimosetso House: 1035 Francis Baard Street (corner Festival Street), Hatfield, Pretoria Private Bag X745, Pretoria, South Africa, 0001 Head of Editorial and Production

Harold Maloka

Managing Editor

Dorris Simpson

News Editor

Irene Naidoo

Copy Editors

Elias Tibane Ongezwa Manyathi Irene Naidoo


Dorris Simpson Albert Pule Noluthando Mkhize Irene Naidoo Ednah Kekana Ongezwa Manyathi More Matshediso

GCIS Photographic Unit

Elmond Jiyane Ntswe Mokoena Siyabulela Duda Kopano Tlape Busisiwe Malungwane Siyasanga Mbambani

Senior Designer

Tendai Gonese

Advertising Sales, Distribution and Subscriptions Top Media & Communications (Pty) Ltd Tel: 086 000 9590


CEO Ralf Fletcher

Lifestyle 78

Food and drink Delicious recipes to tantalise the taste buds


Grooming and style Proudly South African fashion


Health and well-being How to protect your kidneys before it’s too late


Car reviews Find out why bigger is not always better when it comes to cars



Travel Road trip delights – there’s plenty to see and experience in SA


Nice-to-haves It’s time to get s(c)entimental

Marketing & Sales Director Karla Fletcher National Project Manager Nardine Nelson Tel: +27 (0)82 739 3932 Production DIrector Van Fletcher Advertising Tel +27 (0)86 000 9590 Subscriptions and Distribution Ingrid Johnstone

------------------------------------------Acting Director-General Deputy Director-General: Corporate Services Deputy Director-General: Intergovernmental Coordination & Stakeholder Management Deputy Director-General: Content Processing & Dissemination Chief Financial Officer ----------------------------------------------© Copyright: GCIS Printed by Paarl Media

Donald Liphoko Phumla Williams Nebo Legoabe Harold Maloka Zwelinjani Momeka

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Workforce Planning & Staff Utilization The Challenge

Determining what the exact number of staff is required to fulfil your mission and whether the staff employed are sufficiently utilized is an ongoing challenge facing many managers. Staff on the one hand often complain that “… we need more people to get the job done” whilst managers often suggest that “… people are idle and need to be better utilized.” Sounds familiar?

Workload assessment is a structured analytical process which focuses on actual tasks performed and verifiable ‘outputs’ delivered whist taking into account operational targets and the operating environment of the business unit. The workload assessment process is based on sound time – and method study principles and practices. The data driven nature of workload assessment enhances objectivity when seeking answers to amongst others, the following challenging questions: 1. Do we have sufficient staff to fulfil our mandate? 2. Is our staff adequately utilized? 3. How much more should we achieve with our current staff compliment? 4. What work method or process changes could enhance performance levels without necessarily increasing our staff compliment? Secondary benefits stemming from workload assessment centres around job structuring, performance management and measurement.


Contact Albert Brink, Productivity SA’s Cape Regional Manager for more information on the process of workload assessment and the subsequent outcomes related to workforce planning and continuous performance improvement. Tel. 021 9101591 Cell. 082 658 2422 E-mail

PSA PSM Au 00530

The Solution


Communicating SA’s successes


hen pen and paper were the most effective form

the committee, directing programmes content and leading the

of communication, it was not easy to instantly

inclusion of communication practises from divergent disciplines.

reach a global audience with your message.

One of the achievements of the forum is its diversity, through

Today, the digital era is here, truly opening up a world of

the various countries represented. It must be emphasised

possibilities. As government, we are taking full advantage of

that the forum’s main focus is the future development of

this revolution in communications technology to ensure our

communications as well as its role in business, society and

messages get to our intended audiences.


Against this backdrop, we felt it was relevant for us to use

This year, our presence and contributions at the forum

international gatherings such as the World Communication

showcased government strategic communications approach.

Forum ( WCF) to benchmark our

Guided by our National Development Plan, we

communication ideas with the

have crafted a unique developmental agenda

international community.

for communication which encourages citizens

The WCF is a platform for robust dialogue with outstanding public

to participate in developing our country and growing our economy.

relations practitioners and media

This approach is underpinned by active

representatives from across the world.

listening, identifying societal challenges,

I recently led the South African

proposing developmental interventions and

delegation to the 7th WCF in Davos, Switzer land, where the global communication thought leaders were gathered for two days.

measuring the resultant social outcomes. Our government is fully accountable to the public. We also shared our experience and success

The focus of this year ’s forum

in building our country’s brand through open

was on the global communication

and effective communication at local and

agenda including pertinent topics

international level.

such as country branding, communications in the Arab

With the reputation of our country safely guarded, South Africa

world, communicating Inter-Governmental Brands such

is a respected member of the international community and our

as the United Nations and European Union, Education in

South-South relations are stronger than ever before.

Communications, in the 4th industrial revolution.

On the sidelines of the WCF, the BRICS countries agreed to

The first edition of the WCF was held in 2010 and since then

establish a BRICS Communicators Forum, which will focus on

each year, the WCF invites industry’s main influencers and

defining the shared strategic communication positioning of the

leaders in public relations, marketing, media, political and

economic and political country grouping.

business communications. At the 6th edition of the forum last year, South Africa was nominated co-chair for 2015/16. A committee representing communications professionals from 18 countries including Germany, Poland, Spain, Hungary, Italy, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Russia, India, China, USA and Malaysia, to mention a few oversees strategic operations. South Africa as co-chair play a leadership role in the work of


We understand that our own advancement is linked to that of the rest of the continent and the globe. The free and open fl ow of communication was central in our goal of achieving the vision of a non-racial, non-sexist and prosperous society. We remain transparent, accountable and ensure that this is reflected in our communication. We do so to strengthen the reputation of our country.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Local government is in your hands. 9 - 10 April 2016


Celebrating the gains of freedom

Acting Director-General Donald Liphoko.


pril will forever resonate in the minds of South Africans as the month that saw the country’s first

to make provision for all South Africans to have a say in

democratic elections in 1994. This turning point

the way they are governed.

in history gave birth to our freedom and constitutional de-

Section 195 states that “people’s needs must be

mocracy. It was also the first time we hoisted the new flag,

responded to, and the public must be encouraged to

which is now so deeply entrenched in the hearts and souls

participate in policy-making”. The role of active citizens

of all South Africans.

in holding government to account is vital. Active citizens

Against many odds and fears we astounded the world with our peaceful transition in 1994. Since then, we have

Our participation in the 2016 Municipal Election is

begun to build a new united, democratic, non-racial, non-

therefore non-negotiable if we want to live in a country

sexist and prosperous South Africa. While there are still

with a strong and functioning democracy. Through

many challenges, conditions have improved significantly

voting in the election and keeping our ward councillors

for millions of South Africans.

accountable, we ensure municipalities deliver services

This April, we will again take stock of how far we have

and respond to our needs.

come as a democracy. This year’s celebrations are also

To make our voices heard during the 2016 Municipal

joined by the 20th anniversary of the signing of the final

Election, we need to ensure our names are on the voters’

draft of the Constitution into law.

roll before it closes. Eligible voters only have to register

Many might have thought that becoming a democracy was the destination but in reality it was just a milestone. All

once, unless you moved recently or your voting district boundaries changed.

democracies demand constant renewal and the support of

The latter is critical as many South Africans are unaware

all citizens to flourish and to ensure that all benefit from it.

that their wards recently changed. To ensure you are still

A critical part of this is to have citizens that are involved

voting at the same voter station, visit

and participate in the democratic process. This can be done by commenting on green papers, voting in the elections or attending public hearings and izimbizo.

za to confirm your ward. As part of being responsible citizens, we should educate our children about the struggle for freedom and what it

This is in line with

means to live in a democracy. This includes encouraging


children above the age of to register to vote. When we

c o u n t r y ’s

consider how many people paid the ultimate price for


us to live in a free country, we realise that voter apathy

d e m o c ra t i c principle

should have no place in our society.


We should never stop celebrating our freedom. Our

li s te ni ng to peopl e’s

democracy is a work in progress but a few bumps in the

opinions. In terms of our Constitution,

road should never derail us from our vision to build a

the three spheres of government are mandated


ensure government delivers on its promises.

prosperous, united country.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

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Writer: Stephen Timm

Minister Mthethwa

Arts and Culture Minister Nathi Mthethwa lays a wreath at the Hector Pieterson Square in Soweto.

championing efforts to unite SA


s the country celebrates 22 years of democracy on

common understanding of what it means to be South

27 April, Minister of Arts and Culture Nathi Mthethwa


has called on South Africans to focus on what unites

us, rather than on what divides us. With economic growth slowing, Minister Mthethwa pointed

These covered important aspects around nation build-

out that government is seeking to make the country a more

ing, including national identity, social interaction, active

attractive investment destination, adding that efforts are in-

citizenry, volunteerism and human rights.

tensifying to deracialise the economy and promote social cohesion.

The idea for the conversations stems from the 2012 National Cohesion Summit held by the department on

“Government has also appealed to everyone to favour what

social cohesion and attended by various sectors of society.

unites us over what divides us,” he said, adding that many

Those attending resolved that to deal with the divisions

of those who visit the country are overwhelmed by South

of the past, the government must help open avenues for

African’s hospitality and the way they embrace Ubuntu in


their everyday lives. To help improve relations between different communities,

Getting communities involved

the Department of Arts and Culture has also been holding

Minister Mthethwa said the dialogues aim to unlock op-

social cohesion debates, dialogues and community conver-

portunities for social cohesion, most of which can be

sations throughout the year, to encourage people to come

found within communities themselves.

together, discuss their differences and forge ahead with a


By February, the department had held 33 community conversations on social cohesion and nation building.

“The platform enables community members to identify

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

the social, cultural and economic capital from within the

some measure of independence. In fact, while part of their

community and how these could be harnessed to the benefit

role is to assist government in its various efforts to foster

of all,” he pointed out.

social cohesion and nation building, they are simultaneously

Recently, the department decided to adjust its approach to the community conversations, in a bid to ensure that these become more meaningful engagements.

expected to hold government to account in their role as mouthpieces of the broader civil society. “Since the advocates are not on government’s payroll,

In the new approach, which takes effect this month, the

save to mention that government undertakes to pay them

department will get communities to focus more on finding

only for defrayment of expenditure incurred in the course

practical solutions to the challenges that may divide some

of performing their duties as social cohesion advocates, this

members and would look more at issues around race and

should be sufficient enough an indication that they will not


be beholden to government,” he said.

Importantly, the new approach stresses continuity. Onceoff engagements will be replaced by ongoing community

Evaluating the heritage landscape


In April last year, as the debate surrounding the desecra-

The Minister said connecting community members with

tion of various statues in the country was building, Minister

organisations and appropriate government entities for fur-

Mthethwa held a national consultative meeting with political

ther engagements would go a long way in ensuring that

parties and civil society organisations to look into the current

after the initial dialogue, they remained engaged.

heritage landscape.

His department plans to engage the same communities

Those present adopted 20 resolutions and a 10-member

annually over the next three years to determine whether the

task team was set up to examine these further. The task team

conversations have helped bring about any change in the

has since presented a report of its findings to the Minister,

their perceptions towards issues of social cohesion and na-

which is still to be made public.

tion building. Most importantly, it will help the department to

However, Minister Mthethwa said the majority of respond-

ascertain whether beyond perception alone, some feel that

ents during the public hearings were against the vandalism

there has been some real, meaningful and tangible change.

and destruction of statues.

Social cohesion advocates

ues alongside old and offensive statues like in Bethal,” he

Minister Mthethwa also highlighted another of the depart-


“There were some examples given of erection of new stat-

ment’s initiatives to enhance social cohesion – its engage-

Those resolutions adopted following the debate included

ment with eminent persons in society who voluntarily act

one to continue to remove place names that are offensive

as social cohesion advocates or champions in different com-

or hateful and to hold consultations with communities to


choose new names.

The five-year programme is aligned to the 12 resolutions

Minister Mthethwa said the move to address name changes

emerged from the 2012 summit and is also informed by

did not amount to an audit as such, but rather that the South

the National Development Plan (NDP) and the goals in the

African Geographical Names Council together with the Pro-

government’s Medium Term Strategic Framework (MTSF).

vincial Geographical Names Committees were constantly

The advocates consist of independent thinkers drawn from

reviewing offensive names as part of their mandate.

a broad range of sectors including the judiciary, arts, sports

“They then submit them to the Ministry for change, correc-

and entertainment, religious fraternity, business, labour, and

tion or standardisation. All the processes at the community


level follow community consultations,” he stressed.

Among other things, the advocates will help communicate hotspots to the department and people on the ground. However, he stressed that the advocates are in no way government trying to nose into communities.

Theme parks Another resolution is to look into the development of theme parks, which can provide a detailed history of the evolution of

“The fact that they are expected to be a conduit between

South African society. The idea is that theme parks for statues

civil society and government should imply that they will have

be established at local, provincial and national levels and >>

Public Sector Manager • April 2016



be declared heritage sites for future protection. Minister Mthethwa said the issue of setting up theme

Minister Mthethwa added that his department had worked

parks still needs to be put to the public, once the report is

with the Department of Basic Education to ensure that na-

officially released.

tional symbols are taught at school.

He acknowledged that South Africa does not have enough

The two departments are also cooperating on a range of

statues commemorating certain important historical figures

other initiatives to foster social cohesion at schools. These

and added that both government and the private sector

include the hosting of a choral eisteddfod, spelling bee,

were providing for new statues that celebrate the road to

drama festival targeting Johannesburg schools with a high

a democratic South Africa.

concentration of children of foreign nationals and an initia-

The Liberation Heritage Route, which includes a series

tive to place arts practitioners in schools to boost the current

of museums and monuments commemorating the armed

poor capacity of art teaching. In addition, government also

struggle, is one of these, he said.

plans to develop a social compact for nation building and

The National Heritage Council of South Africa has been involved in developing the route since 2011.


Popularising national symbols

social cohesion, as contained in MTSF. Following the hosting of two initial gatherings with social

However, the Minister noted the view expressed by some

cohesion advocates and a multi-stakeholder gathering held

that theme parks would represent an unnecessary cost for

at the beginning of the year, the department is now looking

the country as the building and maintaining of such parks

to get each sector in society to host its own meetings to

would likely involve the spending of additional state re-

determine what each can contribute to nation building and


social cohesion. These were expected to commence in April

He said the deliberations had also resolved that populari-

and will culminate in a national convention thereafter and

sation campaigns about South Africa’s key national symbols,

the adoption of a social compact, said Minister Mthethwa.

such as the preamble to the Constitution, the flag and the

Recently, Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa revealed in

national anthem, be intensified. In addition, public sym-

Parliament that a national summit on social cohesion is being

bols that up to now have reflected only one section of the

planned for 2018. It will take stock of the progress that has

country’s history should become more inclusive and reflect

been made in promoting social cohesion, including ridding

all history.

the country of racism, sexism, xenophobia and intolerance.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016


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Riding the success

of the Gautrain


ost people dread the drive across Gauteng, flustered

Agency (GMA), Dachs has played a significant role in

by the hustle and bustle of millions of Gautengers

these developments.

making their way across the province daily. But this

is not the case for William Dachs.

lished with the purpose of overseeing the Gautrain

“Every time I drive into Gauteng I am so proud. I look around

Concession Agreement, which is between the Gaut-

and say I work for an organisation that has made a difference

eng Province and the Bombela Concession Company.

in this province,” he tells me when I catch up with him on the

“The Gauteng Province is the public side and Bomb-

sidelines of the International Conference on Transport

ela Concession company is the private side, so it is a

Authorities in Boksburg.

public-private partnership. The GMA is the agent of the

And indeed, Dachs has reason to be

province so we deal with Bombela on a day-to-day ba-

proud, because over the past six years,

sis, to make sure that the trains run on time, the buses

the 80km rapid rail network linking

work, etc.

Johannesburg and Pretoria as well as

“We are also the people who own the assets – the

the OR Tambo International Airport and

trains, tracks and stations. These are assets in our books;

Sandton, with trains reaching the speed

we call ourselves the custodians of these public assets,”

of up to 160km/h, has “changed the

Dachs explains.

transport landscape of the province”. As Chief Operating Officer of the Gauteng Management


The GMA is a provincial public entity that was estab-

The GMA also ensures that the Gautrain is integrated with other transport systems and handles the marketing of the project.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Divisional Exec

A history to be proud of Since the construction of the Gautrain started 10 years ago, there has been much to celebrate.

and reducing accidents on the roads. “The number that has astonished us all is the amount of investment it has attracted around the stations.

“The biggest highlight by far was when the construction

“The private sector is concentrating its investment around

was complete and the first trains started running. It was June

the stations and according to the study, R22 billion of private

2010, the Soccer World Cup, and there was a great sense of

sector money has gone in commercial and retail shops, as well

accomplishment. We did it, it was there for the country and

as residential developments. That’s over a five-year period, so

the world saw it,” recalls Dachs.

it’s a remarkable figure,” Dachs says.

Other highlights include the opening of the full network from Johannesburg to Pretoria in 2012 and the steady growth

Meeting the growing demand

in “ridership”.

Over the years, the Gautrain has grown in popularity and has

“The Gautrain has become more and more a part of peo-

attracted many more commuters than expected.

ple’s lives in Gauteng, which is great. Government is always

“We’ve got to stage where now in the peak periods our

perceived in a slightly negative light so it is lovely to be part

trains are overcrowded so we’ve put more trains into service

of a public project with which people associate and that has

and that’s alleviated the problem somewhat but more people

added value to their lives,” he points out.

have also come.

A KPMG assessment of the economic impact of the Gautrain

“We’ve now reached the stage where we have to get more

sought to quantify that value. Dachs says the findings were

trains. We have to buy trains that will see us through the next


five to 10 years.”

“The study measured the impact of the Gautrain on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the province and found it was a R30 billion positive impact on the provincial GDP during the construction period,” he adds.

Dachs says the GMA will not be turning to the Provincial Treasury to fund the purchase of new trains. “We believe that if we run more trains, more people will use them and they will pay the fare.

In addition, 122 000 jobs were created during the construc-

“The fares will stay constant in real terms but the increase

tion period, while the Gautrain continues to create about 3

in the number of people who use the trains will generate

000 direct and indirect jobs a year.

more revenue.”

The Gautrain has also had a massive environmental benefit by taking cars off the road, improving commuters’ travel times

The GMA has teamed up with the Development Bank of South Africa (DBSA) to buy the new trains.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

visional Executive: Corporate Affairs of the IDC Zama Luthuli (right) hands over a cheque to the CEO of the Nelson




back over time with the additional revenue that comes in.

The joys of the job

“What’s really great is that the DBSA has taken a long-term

Dachs oversees four divisions of the GMA that are related to

view of the Gautrain being a success and sustainable. It is willing

operational matters. These are the technical department, legal

to lend this money over a 15-year period so we’re talking about

and compliance section, marketing and communication, and

an investment that we can pay back over the next 15 years,

human capital.

while we keep growing the Gautrain and the business,” he says.

“It’s always a busy day in the office. It keeps me on my toes, keeps me awake at night too, but I love it, absolutely love it,”

Gautrain boasts fair prices

he says of his responsibilities.

While some may argue that the cost of a ride on the Gautrain means it is not accessible enough to the public, Dachs is quick

Dachs singles out the variety that he usually encounters throughout his day as the best part of his job.

to point out that the Gautrain is targeted at getting people out

“When I get to work, even if I planned what’s going to happen

of their private cars, which is still the most expensive mode of

in the day, it very seldom pans out that way. I also work with a


lovely, dynamic bunch of people, it's very stimulating,” he adds.

“It is priced to be cheaper than a car but we don’t want to

Early in his career, Dachs realised that expanding his skill and

compete on prices with the existing public transport system

knowledge base would help advance his career path and he

of municipal buses and mini bus taxis.”

advises other managers who want to be successful to follow suit.

He points out that Gautrain fares are fairly priced. “In terms of increasing affordability, our guarantee is that our prices never go up by more than inflation every year. No one else can make that promise because they are dependent on the oil price. “I think we’re going to see the

“I think we’re going to see the Gautrain becoming more and more mainstream over time and if we can extend the network to Soweto, Mamelodi, Olievenhoutbosch and Cosmo City, then its geographic spread is going to make it much more accessible to people throughout the province.”

“I’m a civil engineer by qualification and I made a decision early in my career to branch out and did a law degree as well. Having these multiple skills has really helped me in my job. “If I’m asked about a contractual issue I can answer as well as any technical issue. For any-

Gautrain becoming more and more mainstream over time and

one who’s young enough to do it, it's good to branch out, do

if we can extend the network to Soweto, Mamelodi, Olieven-

something different and develop a new skill.”

houtbosch and Cosmo City, then its geographic spread is going to make it much more accessible to people throughout the province.”

Extending the reach of rail On behalf of the province, the GMA is conducting a feasibility

Dachs says he realised some time ago that he would need more than just the engineering perspective. “I got the sense that engineering would be too limiting. It puts one down a nice logical way of thinking, it's an empirical, logical world so the law degree helps me see the bigger picture,” he explains.

study into expanding the rail network in Gauteng by about

Dachs has always had a passion for the transport industry.

140 km.

“Even as a young engineer, I loved doing that long-term

Dachs say this expansion would not be limited to the Gautrain but could also be run by the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa or Metrorail. “The feasibility study is going to be complete in May and

planning and trying to figure out how transport would fit into what a city would look like.” As for how the Gautrain fits into the province, Dachs believes it can only get better.

we’re looking forward to the Premier being able to make some

“In 10 years' time I see the Gautrain expanded and still being

exciting announcements about taking this planning hopefully

the mode of choice for people in Gauteng. As for me, I’ll fit

into implementation.”

in anywhere in the organisation. It’s a great project and it’s

He stresses that this will be a phased project and will take about 15 to 20 years to roll out the extension.


something that I want to stay close to for a very long time,” he adds.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016




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Writer: Noluthando Mkhize Photographer: Kopano Tlape

Lihle Dlamini is

ensuring SANBI blossoms


hile looking after her grandmother’s garden as

(SANBI). SANBI champions the state of biodiversity in South

a child growing up in KwaZulu-Natal, never did

Africa. The institute provides knowledge and information,

Lihle Dlamini imagine she would one day be

and provides planning and policy advice to the Depart-

in charge of the image and reputation of the organisation


ment of Environmental Affairs.

that manages the national botanical gardens of the country.

It also engages in ecosystem restoration and rehabilita-

“I remember spending time in my grandmother’s garden

tion, along with managing the national botanical gardens.

pruning her roses, which was one of my chores. I would

While Dlamini never imagined herself working at SANBI,

say this is where my love for roses developed,” she recalls.

especially after she started off her career as a teacher, she

Dlamini is currently Director of Marketing and Communi-

says she thoroughly enjoys marketing an organisation rep-

cations at the South African National Biodiversity Institute

resenting a country that is one of the most biologically

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

diverse in the world, after Indonesia and Brazil. South Africa is surrounded by two oceans and occupies

Dlamini says the results of the strategy were evident at the end of 2014, the first year it was implemented.

only about two percent of the world’s land area, but is

“There was an increase in the number of people visiting

home to nearly 10 percent of the world’s plants, seven

the gardens. One of the Chief Directors for gardens said

percent of reptiles, birds and mammals and 15 percent

that in the organisation’s history it had never made such

of known coastal marine species.

figures. All the gardens had an increase in the number

The country also has nine unique vegetation landscapes, three of which have been declared global biodiversity hotspots.

Making SANBI a household name Dlamini says when she joined SANBI in 2013, the first task

of people visiting.” She attributes this increase in numbers to the campaigns, events and shows that SANBI ran. “We were on different platforms of media to entice the public about SANBI,” Dlamini adds.

she set herself was ensuring that every South African

Growing tourism

learns about SANBI and its involvement in the ecosystem

Dlamini says it is important to market SANBI on an inter-

and tourism.

national scale, by promoting tourism.

While she finds biodiversity very interesting, Dlamini

Last year the World Travel Market (WTM), a leading

admits that when she joined SANBI she did not know

global event in the travel industry, took place in Cape

much about the organisation, except that the Kirsten-

Town and SANBI used the opportunity to profile the or-

bosch Botanical Gardens in the Western Cape is at the


foot of one of the Seven Wonders of the World. “Even during my interview for the position of director, I indicated to the panel that not many people know about SANBI. “I wanted to work for the organisation because I thought there was an opportunity for me to introduce SANBI to the public.” After assuming her duties, Dlamini had to develop a three-year marketing and communications strategy. “There was nothing for me to work from, which was

“SANBI was one of the partners of WTM, which was a huge success as we got great coverage.” On the international front, SANBI has been tapping into the international market through its involvement in the Chelsea Flower Show, in the United Kingdom, over the past 40 years.

Raising the profile on botanical gardens Dlamini says that not all South Africans are aware of what botanical gardens have to offer.

good because I could come in and set the agenda. I

“For example, some black people don’t consider visiting

designed a three-year strategy, which focuses on three

a garden as something that is done for leisure. SANBI is

main elements,” adds.

trying to change this.”

She said the first of these was creating awareness about

To get people to the gardens, SANBI has hosted a num-

SANBI, which was targeted in the first year of the strategy.

ber of events at them, which has proved to be a big

“Every activity we did in the first year was all about creating awareness about SANBI and the national botanical gardens. “The second year focused on growth and it was a call to action to encourage people to visit the national botanical gardens.” SANBI is currently its third year of the strategy, which she titled maturity. It evaluates progress over the past two years and so that she can decide what more needs to be done.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

draw card. “People will come to an event, rather than to look at plants. We are in a business of inculcating, especially to the black community, the experience you get when visiting the gardens. It’s not about just visiting the show. She says there is lots to do in the gardens, including hiking and making the most of walking trails, while waterfalls offer spectacular views and serenity. “The gardens are for everyone, young and the old. It is also an outing that doesn’t require a lot of money >>



because it only costs R25 to visit the garden for the whole day,” Dlamini points out.

Being a good communicator Dlamini says that the nature of her work means that everyday offers a different challenge. “Even if I plan my day things change and I have to focus on what is urgent. Sometimes you get a call from media and

telling them that the organisation is still investigating. It is very important for the image of the organisation for a communicator to respond to queries.” She adds that there is a tendency of people to look down on communicators. “Communicators' spirits should not be dampened because if you are in communication you need to have passion to succeed.”

they have questions or want interviews and your plans for the day are out of the window.” She adds that it’s important for communicators to be available to the media at all times. “When the media needs you to comment on an issue you cannot make not responding a culture, even if it means

About Lihle Dlamini Dlamini completed her matric at Menzi High School in Umlazi, KwaZulu-Natal, and completed a Teaching Diploma at the Mbumbulo College of Education. She taught mathematics, English and geography for 10 years, while pursuing a Degree in Communications at the University of South Africa, which she obtained in 1999. She also holds an Honours degree in Industrial Psychology and an MBA from the De Montfort University in the United Kingdom. She worked for various organisations before joining SANBI, including Statistics South Africa, the Wholesale and Retail Sector Education and Training Authority (Seta), The Media, Information and Communication Technologies Seta, and Tourism KwaZulu-Natal.

This and that What is your favourite flower? Proteas and roses. What is your favourite food? I love traditional food, especially tripe, dumplings and oxtail. What do you do for fun? I love travelling. How do you relax? I love reading a good book. If you were not in communications, what would you be doing? I would be a dentist.


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Visit to view our full product range.


Writer: Noluthando Mkhize Photographer: Ntswe Mokoena

Katlego Ncongwane

has the right energy for science


s South Africa increasingly looks to alternative methods

This information is evaluated and used to provide policy

to generate electricity, Katlego Ncongwane is one of the

direction for the use of solar energy technologies in the

scientists conducting research to help the country har-


ness renewable energy resources.

"It is good to know that preliminary results show that

Based at the South African Weather Service (SWAS) Ncongwane

South Africa holds the potential to harvest solar energy

is a scientist responsible for the solar radiation network as well as

that can be used to supplement the current power grid

the ultraviolet radiation network.

and drive economic development in the country," says

The solar radiation network consists of 13 stations, located in


the six climatic zones of the country. Climatic zones are divisions

Ultraviolet radiation consists of invisible rays that are

of the country’s climates, according to average temperatures and

part of the energy that comes from the sun. Moderate to

average rainfall.

extreme levels of ultraviolet radiation can burn the skin

“It is at these stations that we measure components of solar

and cause skin cancer. For this reason, the ultraviolet radia-

radiation,” she explains. Solar radiation is radiant energy emitted

tion network, consisting of six stations located across the

by the sun.

country, is of high importance as it monitors the amount

She adds that measuring the components of solar radiation helps gain precise knowledge about available solar energy.


of harmful ultraviolet radiation that reaches the earth’s surface, she adds.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

“The resulting data is put to use in various ways, including evaluating the health risks of acute sun burn or chronic skin

achieve more,” she says.

cancer that result from exposure to ultraviolet radiation,” she

A challenging environment


Ncongwane says that being a young black female scientist

Ncongwane has been working for SAWS for eight years and says a typical day entails checking the monitoring systems of the two networks, ensuring the stations are operating optimally and that the data goes into SAWS database.

does come with its challenges, especially when working in a traditionally male-dominated field. “The first ever Status of Women in the South African Economy report compiled by the Department of Women in 2015 reveals

“My day also involves quality controlling of the data using

that black female scientists are still scarce in South Africa. This

different scientific methods, processing and finally the analysis

indicates the need to increase efforts to ensure women receive

of the data to produce original research results that develop

more opportunities to guarantee greater gender equity in

new knowledge and contributes to what already exists.

specialised professions,” she points out.

“This is what I love most about my job, the ability to bring

Ncongwane believes that women should be empowered as

enacted change. It is the reason I’m so passionate, optimistic

economic agents as they are also key to healthier, educated

and enthusiastic about my job,” she says.


The love of nature

and professional development, as it is the only way to over-

Ncongwane, who is originally from Soshanguve in Pretoria, says

come the lack of opportunities women experience,” she says.

her interest in the environment and related socio-economic

Ncongwane is currently pursuing a PhD in Physics at the

issues led her to study natural and social science courses.

“I personally continue to empower myself through education

University of KwaZulu-Natal.

She holds a Bachelor of Science in Natural and Agricultural

“I believe that with resilience, good attitude and passion

Science from the University of Pretoria as well as a Master of

I will succeed and make a difference in my life and for my

Philosophy in Sustainable Development and Management

country,” she adds.

Planning, specialising in renewable energy systems from the University of Stellenbosch. Ncongwane also obtained a Master of Science in Physics from the University of KwaZulu-Natal last year. “After obtaining these degrees it became strikingly clear

This and that What is your favourite food? A salad, accompanied by any protein.

that to solve most of the environmental issues faced by our beautiful country, such as the recent heat waves and drought,

How do you relax?

a multidisciplinary approach in dealing with environmental

I listen to instrumental music.

issues is necessary. “It is the only way we can solve increasingly complex envi-

Do family and friends call you for weather predictions?

ronmental, socio-economic issues and bring about sustainable

Yes, but what people don’t understand is that I work for a

solutions that will last for generations to come,” she says.

dynamic organisation that is not just about the minimum

Ncongwane points out that for future generations to survive, it is important to explore sustainable methods of living.

and maximum temperature forecast. SAWS, as the national meteorological agency, is responsible for so much more,

“This can be achieved by decarbonising the economy, power

such as research in climate change, air quality, atmospher-

generation and the food production sectors. Scientists tell us

ic monitoring and research, and technology development.

that if we want a liveable planet in the future, we must keep 80 per cent of fossil fuel reserves in the ground”. “I consider myself fortunate to have been schooled through

What is your best childhood memory? Being happy and carefree.

the multidisciplinary approach as it is definitely the way to go to bring diverse scientific fields closer together to collectively

Public Sector Manager • April 2016



Compiled by: Dorris Simpson

Fast facts at your fingertips


espite the challenging global economic challenges,

SA is open for business

South Africa continues to perform well in a number of

South Africa is a dynamic and stable economy with solid

areas. Brand SA recently highlighted some areas in which

economic fundamentals.

SA is holding its own on the international stage. South Africa has the 12th best-developed financial sector in the world, according to the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Competitive Index. South Africa’s performance is outstanding in the following sub-indicators:

Prudent fiscal management and monetary policies have created macroeconomic stability. The country's sound financial systems, a highly regulated banking sector and world class infrastructure is investor friendly. South Africa also has the most diversified economy on the continent and advocates for Africa’s advancement.

Regulation of securities exchanges (2/140).

Financing through local equity market (1/140).

South African cities are competitive

Affordability of financial services (3/140).

Three of South Africa’s cities feature in the 2015 City Brand

Availability of financial services (6/140).

Index, which measures the world’s most globally competi-

Soundness of banks (8/140).

tive cities. These are: •

Johannesburg (44).

SA a globally competitive destination. It ranks:

Cape Town (43).

49/140 in the WEF Global Competitive Index.

Durban (48).

4/54 in the Ibrahim Index on African Governance.

38/50 in the Nation Brand Index.

South African tourism

38/100 of the most valuable nation brands.

South Africa’s tourism sector is amongst the most

47/154 in the Data Quality Index.

competitive in the world.

SA is the top destination for foreign direct investment

According to the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Re-

projects, according to the Ernst Young Africa Attractive-

port 2015, South Africa is amongst Africa’s Top 10 tourism-

ness Survey 2015. The country attracted 121 projects in

ready economies.

2014/15. •

The South African Stock Exchange is the largest exchange

competitiveness – when corporates have an international

on the African continent and the 19th largest in the world.

footprint, the global community experiences South Africa

World Bank – Ease of doing business Strengths: •

Protecting investors (14/189).

Paying taxes (19/189).

Resolving insolvency (41/189).

Protecting investors (17 to 14/189).

WEF – Global Competitiveness Index •

South Africa’s corporates contribute to the country’s

through these companies and are therefore very important to the brand. Five South African tech companies founded after 1980 are worth over R10 billion each: •

billion. • •

Quality of roads - 34/140 (2015).

Quality of railroad infrastructure - 42/140 (2015).

Quality of air transport infrastructure - 14/140 (2015).


EOH – founded in 1998, has a market cap of R23 billion.

(33/140), goods and market efficiency (38/140). •

Vodacom – launched in 1994, has a market cap of R211 billion.

Financial market development (12/140), market size (29/140), institutions (38/140), business sophistication

MTN – launched in 1994, has a market cap of R379

Dimension Data – founded in 1983, had a market cap of R22 billion in December 2010.

Datatec – founded in 1986, has a market cap of R14 billion.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016


Compiled by: Dorris Simpson

President Jacob Zuma to cochair world health commission

the lives of people ever ywhere,

inclusive economic growth, and in doing

particularly in developing countries

so, help to implement the 2030 Agenda

President Jacob Zuma has been appoint-

where women and youth continue to

for Sustainable Development.

ed co-chair of a High-Level Commission

carry a disproportionate burden brought

Presidents Zuma and Hollande will

on Health Employment and Economic

about by poverty, unemployment and

be supported by three vice-chairs,

Growth together with French President


namely WHO Director-General (DG) Dr

François Hollande.

According to the World Health

Margaret Chang, OECD Secretary-General

President Zuma was appointed by the

Organisation ( WHO), 45 million job

Angel Gurria and International Labour

United Nations (UN) Secretary-General,

opportunities will be created in the

Organisation DG Guy Ryder.

Ban Ki-moon, who is establishing the

health sector by 2030, due to a number

To date, 23 commissioners representing

commission to stimulate the creation

of factors, including population growth

governments, business and civil society

of new employment opportunities in

and an ageing health workforce.

from all over the world have also been

the health sector across all countries,

However, these jobs will mostly be

especially in the least developed coun-

created in member countries of the


Organisation for Economic Cooperation

nominated to enrich the deliberations of the commission.

The formal launch of the commission

and Development (OECD) and emerging

was expected to take place in Lyon,

economies. This will result in a shortage

Unemployment declines in the fourth quarter

France on 23 March.. The commission is

of 18 million qualified health profession-

South Africa’s unemployment rate de-

expected to submit its report to the UN

als that are needed in low and middle-

clined by one percent to reach 24.5

Secretary-General by 31 December 2016.

income countries.

percent in the fourth quarter of 2015,

Health workforce shortages are a

This mismatch poses a threat to the sta-

said Statistics South Africa recently.

particular challenge for all developing

bility of health systems and global health

Unemployment was at 25.5 percent in the

countries, including South Africa.

security. The commission will therefore

third quarter.

President Zuma welcomed and

consider, in particular, the considerable

Speaking at the release of the Quarterly

appreciated the opportunity to work

need for health professionals in middle

Labour Force Survey (QLFS), Statistician

with his co-chair, the other vice-

and low-income countries.

General Pali Lehohla said employment

chairpersons and commission-

This initiative is expected to increase

grew by 190 000 people in the fourth

ers to help make a difference in

health security worldwide and promote

quarter, followed by a decline in the number of unemployed persons by 225 000. The results of the QLFS showed that South Africa’s working-age population was at 36.3 million. Sixteen million are employed, 5.2 million are unemployed while 15.1 million are not economically active. The National Development Plan targets employment at 24 million people. The absorption rate in quarter four was 44.2 percent, with the highest absorption rate seen in the Western Cape at 55.1 percent and the lowest seen in the Eastern Cape at 34.2 per cent. The labour force participation rate was at 58.5 percent. According to the report, employment


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

levels increased in six industries. Large

“Our vision as the provincial govern-

employment gains were observed in

ment is for all young people to grow up

finance and other business services

safe, healthy, happy and resilient, and to

(113 000), trade (80 000) and community

have the opportunities and skills they

and social services (42 000) industries.

need in order participate in the socio-

However, job losses were seen in

economic development of this province.

agriculture (37 000), manufacturing (36

“We acknowledge that government

000) and construction (21 000).

cannot achieve this vision alone. We

Despite the increase in employment

are relying on the private sector to also

levels and the subsequent decrease in

assist in terms of creating opportunities

unemployment levels, 5.2 million people

for young people,” said the Premier.

remain unemployed. In addition, 65.7 per-

He added that all sectors needed to

cent are young people aged 15 to 34 and

come together to implement youth

57.6 percent did not complete matric.

empowerment initiatives that would

Meanwhile, the expanded unemploy-

help build capacity for nurturing, robust,

ment, which includes those who were available to work but did not look for work, declined by 117 000 to 8.2 million. ing the Public Administration Leadership

Civil servants urged to pay NSFAS debt

and Management Academy. The NSG is mandated to promote the

KwaZulu-Natal Premier Senzo Mchunu

progressive realisation of the values and

has called on civil servants working for

principles governing public administra-

the provincial government departments

tion and enhance the quality, extent and

to pay back the money owed to the

impact of the development of human re-

National Student Financial Aid Scheme

source capacity in institutions, said the


Minister in The Presidency responsible

The Premier discovered that there were

for Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation,

over 15 663 employees in various depart-

Jeff Radebe, at the recent post Cabinet

ments owing NSFAS over R400 million.

media briefing.

He called on those who benefited to do

enduring and productive young people

the honourable thing and pay back the

throughout the province.

The initiative will be piloted with the implementation of the Compulsory In-

money, as there are thousands of stu-

Over the past five years, the provin-

duction Programme for public servants.

dents who are battling under the current

cial government has spent more than

“The approach will enable public serv-

difficult economic conditions.

R1.5 billion on bursaries awarded to more

ants to add value to the Public Service.

than 7 000 needy students.

They will impart their experience, ex-

The Premier also called on the private sector to encourage their employees to pay NSFAS back. He added said that the people of

Public servants to lecture at the NSG

pertise, skills and knowledge to mentor and coach the public servants,” said the Minister.

KwaZulu-Natal, especially the youth, were

Cabinet has approved the use of retired

He added that the initiative would

its greatest resource. It was critical that

and in-serving public servants as lectur-

further improve the quality of the services

the talent and potential of youth was fully

ers in the National School of Government

given to the public in an efficient and

developed and harnessed for continuous


cost-effective manner.

socio-economic development.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

The NSG was launched in 2013, replac-


upcoming events

Compiled by: Ednah Kekana

Tourism INDABA 2016 7-9 May Tourism INDABA is one of the largest tourism marketing events on the African calendar. It showcases the widest variety of Southern Africa's best tourism products and attracts international buyers and media from across the world. INDABA, which is owned by South African Tourism, will be held from 7-9 May 2016 at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Convention Centre (Durban ICC) and has won awards for Africa’s best travel and tourism show. Exhibitors at the Durban Exhibition Centre include provincial authorities, provincial products and African countries. At the ICC, exhibitor categories include accommodation, tour operators, game lodges, transport, online travel, media publications and industry associations. Outdoor exhibitors include transport, camping and safari companies. For more information, go to

Autumn International Scientific Conference on Food Security and Safety 16-18 May The University of Johannesburg, in collaboration with the Human Science Research Council (HSRC) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST) South Africa, will hold an international conference on food security and safety. The conference theme is “Improving Food Security and Safety for Sustainability in Africa”. The conference takes place from 16 to 18 May at the School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg. For more information, visit, call 011 559 6803 or email

African Utility Week and Clean Power Africa 17-19 May The 16th annual African Utility Week and Clean Power Africa is the only global meeting place, conference and trade exhibition for African power and water utility professionals. It offers a unique networking opportunity for engineers, stakeholders and solution providers. Hosted by the Department of Energy and Eskom, this market leading trade exhibition is the first port of call for senior decision makers from utilities, governments, large power users, independent power producers, consultants, contractors and regulators to source the latest solutions or to meet new clients and suppliers. The conference takes place at the Cape Town International Convention Centre from 17 to 19 May. For more information, visit


Public Sector Manager • April 2016


Writers: Noluthando Mkhize, Albert Pule and Ongezwa Manyathi

Provinces outline plans

to deliver services T he Premiers of the country’s nine provinces and their pro-

conditional grant funding in the form of Comprehensive Ag-

vincial governments have major plans to improve the lives

ricultural Support Programme (CASP) and Ilima/Letsema.

of its people. Details of these plans were outlined recently

when the Premiers delivered their State of the Province Addresses. Here are some of the highlights:

Creating jobs

Two companies have started with various projects that are expected to create jobs in the province. Vedanta has started

Northern Cape

with the development of the long-awaited Gamsberg Zinc

The Northern Cape plans to increase efforts to empower young people in the province.

project. Pre-development work is in full swing with about 300 work-

Premier Sylvia Lucas said her administration has completed a profile of young people in the

ers on site, of which more than 150 are from the Northern Cape.

province and is developing a

The project is expected to generate approximately 500

strategy aimed at responding

permanent jobs, with the potential to create a further 1 500

meaningfully to the challenges

temporary jobs during the construction phase.

facing young people. “As part of advancing young people we are providing appren-

Similarly West Coast Resources, a diamond mining company with operations in the Namaqualand region of the province, is about to start with its operation.

ticeships, learnerships as well as

To date, West Coast Resources has created a total of 220 jobs.

bursaries. More and more of our

The company plans to create approximately 550 jobs, di-

young people in the Northern Cape have access to Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) colleges and universities. “To this end we can report that in the previous financial year

rectly and indirectly, by 2021.

Free State

we spent over R54 million and we envisage to spend over R69.5

The Free State provincial government will be building five

million in this financial year,” said Premier Lucas.

agri-processing centres to help grow the provincial economy

Helping struggling farmers

and create jobs. “Working with the Department of Rural Development and

The provincial government will spend millions to assist farmers

Land Reform, we identified five sites for the development of

affected by the drought.

agro-processing centres.

“Approximately 2 000 smallholder farmers across the province are

“The construction of the physical structures at the sites in

benefitting from drought relief of R23 million and we are expecting

Tshiame, Thaba Nchu, Wesselsbron, Springfontein and Parys

additional funding to the tune of R19 million from the national

is underway. The first Agri-park will be open for business

Department of Rural Development and Land Reform.”

before the end of March 2017,” said Free State Premier Ace

Supporting agriculture Premier Lucas said to deal with the challenge of food security, the provincial government will support three major initiatives. The initiatives are the Vaalharts/Taung Revitalisation Scheme and Onseepkans Rivervalley, the Farmer Training programme and


Magashule. As with the rest of the country, the Free State has also felt the impact of the drought. The the province had released an emergency drought disaster fund to the provincial department of agriculture and rural development.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Despite the drought challenge, the province has been able to maintain more than 5 000 jobs in the agricultural sector.

Eastern Cape Working together with parents to improve education, increasing the number of tourists visiting the province, upgrading provin-

Boosting education

cial roads and supporting struggling municipalities are top of

Between 2009 and 2015 the provincial education department increased the number of school hostels from 12 to 35. Premier Magashule said the hostels accommodate more

the agenda for the Eastern Cape government. Premier Phumulo Masualle urged parents to protect the right of learners to education.

than 4 000 learners, most of

In Port Elizabeth recently, parents who were unhappy with

whom are from farms in the

government decided to keep their children away from school


to send a message to the department.

Four new hostels will be

“The unjustifiable acts, by some sections of our communities,

built over the 2016 me-

of keeping their children away from schools as a way of express-

dium-term expenditure

ing their displeasure with government services is unacceptable

framework. These will be at

and cannot be condoned. We should at all times protect the

Leboneng Special School in

rights of learners to quality education,” said the Premier.

Welkom, Boitumelong Special School in Thaba Nchu, Breda Farm School in Fouriesburg and Oranjekrag at Gariepdam.

New health infrastructure

He also added that the provincial government will support the implementation of broadband connectivity. “In order to assist the education e-learning initiative targeting 560 identified schools, support of broadband connectivity will be implemented.”

Premier Magashule said new infrastructure projects such as

Growing tourism

the Albert Nzula District Hospital in Trompsburg and the Pe-

Premier Masualle said the

lonomi ICU will soon become operational.

province should take ad-

“The Senorita Ntlabathi Hospital in Ladybrand is operational and will be officially opened in April 2016. The Schonkenville, Batho, and Amelia clinics will be completed. We will build new clinics in various towns in the province this year.”

Early childhood development facilities The Premier emphasised the importance of the development and care of children for a healthy and productive citizenry. “We are funding 941 early childhood development (ECD) facilities, benefitting over 48 000. Additional centres will be built in Vogelfontein, Botshabelo and Thaba Nchu in the forthcoming year.”

Human settlements

vantage of its popularity as a tourist destination. He added that in the 2013/14 financial year, the province saw an increase in the number of people visiting. “International tourists arrivals have improved by 9.3 percent from 2013/14 and domestic arrivals increased by 57.2 percent, in the same period.”

Supporting municipalities Premier Masualle said it was important for the provincial government to support all struggling municipalities in the province

Premier Magashule said over the past two financial years

and this would be done through the Back to Basics Programme.

more than 9 000 housing units across all human settlements

“Through the Back to Basics Programme, we are providing

programmes were built. “Over 1 000 units of the Brandwag Social Housing project will be completed by June 2016.” He said the development of 400 of the 950 social housing units at Hillside View will also be completed by June 2016.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

hands-on support to municipalities throughout the province. “We are also rolling out War Rooms in all wards to promote citizen participation in planning and programme implementation.” To increase efficiency and service delivery at local government level, four municipal boundaries have been re-determined. >>



“This will result in the amalgamation of nine municipali-

Gross Value Add (GVA) of R17 billion to the provincial economy.”

ties into four new municipal entities from July 2016. We are

The province aims to add a further 120 000 jobs by 2019

working hard to ensure a smooth process of amalgamation

under a high-growth scenario, increasing GVA by 65 percent

and formation of the new entities,” he said.

to R28 billion.

Drought relief

tional 100 000 formal jobs by 2019, with a 126 per cent increase

The provincial government has assisted farmers through

in GVA to R26 billion per year.

different drought relief strategies. Five districts in the province have been declared disaster areas.

She said the agri-processing target is to create up to an addi-

Premier Zille added that the third sector, oil and gas, is going through a period of oil price volatility. “We foresee that a further 60 000 jobs can be created in this

“As part of our mitigation strategies, these districts were

industry by 2019, provided we follow a high growth scenario,

declared drought disaster areas, and to this effect more

which requires that we create the right conditions for invest-

than R129 million has been reprioritised towards support-


ing farmers in the affected areas as part of drought relief,” he explained.

Western Cape The Western Cape provincial government plans on investing R534 million in skills development and higher education.

Improving education The province will continue will efforts to deliver more smart classrooms. “We aim to have free high-

“Over the next three years, at least R534 million will be com-

speed internet available in

mitted by the Western Cape Government and its partners,

all schools by the end of

the Sector Education and Training Authorities (Setas), as well

2016. We delivered over

as the Department of Higher Education and Training through

3 300 smart classrooms in

public TVET colleges,” said Premier Helen Zille.

the 2014/15 financial year

Supporting small and medium enterprises She said over the years the province has committed to supporting small and medium enterprises.

and will have delivered a great deal more by the end of this financial year in April.”


“We have invested R50 million in over 300 enterprises in

The Richards Bay Industrial Development Zone remains an en-

the past three years via our Enterprise Development Unit, in

gine for job creation and a catalyst for foreign direct investment

partnership with the National Empowerment Fund.”

in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN).

She noted that provincial department of agriculture part-

Premier Senzo Mchunu said the facility has already attracted

ners have joined hands with the private sector to support

investments of more than R6.8 billion, including a R4.5 billion

emerging smallholder and commercial farmers to gain ac-

titanium plant.

cess to markets.

Key milestones in the development of the facility include

“Over 250 such smallholder and commercial farmers ben-

the R2 billion biomass plant, R300 million pipe manufacturing

efited from this support in the past five years, an investment

plant, R16 million paint manufacturing enterprise and the R20

of over R1 billion.”

million logistic services.

Priority economic sectors

Mining sector

Premier Zille said the provincial government has identified

He added that the mining sector remained a critical component

a set of priority economic sectors with the potential for ac-

of the provincial economy, with great potential for beneficiation

celerated growth and job creation. They include tourism, oil

along the mineral value chain.

and gas, and agri-processing. “The tourism sector today employs 200 000 people, with a


“In 2013, mining contributed R9.3 billion to the provincial Gross Domestic Product, which represents about 1.9 percent >>

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Absa opens doors for SMEs Absa opens doors for SMEs

Absa is investing in individuals, communities and enterprises and through its enterprise development programmes is changing the South African business landscape one entrepreneur at a time. Absa is investing in individuals, communities and enterprises and through its enterprise development programmes is changing the South African business landscape one entrepreneur at a time.

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play a vital role in a vast majority of economies. In South Africa, SMEs employ almost 60% of the employable population - with over 12 million livelihoods relying directly on SMEs. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play a vital role in a vast economies. South Africa, SMEs Absamajority Bank Ltdof(Absa), whollyInowned subsidiary of employ Barclays almost 60% of the employable population - with 12 million Africa Group member of Barclays, recognises the over importance livelihoods relying directly on SMEs. of small businesses as catalysts for economic growth and job creation. Absa Bank Ltd (Absa), wholly owned subsidiary Barclays As a responsible corporate citizen, Absa lends itsofsupport Africa member the importance to the Group national agendaoftoBarclays, promoterecognises a thriving SME sector. of small businesses as catalysts for economic growthofand While financial support is a key driver of the success thejob creation. SME, access to markets and building business skills are also As a responsible corporate citizen, Absa lends its support significant challenges to address. to the national agenda to promote a thriving SME sector. While financial development support is a key driverfrom of the success The enterprise offering Absa aimsof tothe open SME, to markets and building aremarkets, also doorsaccess for SMEs by providing access inbusiness three keyskills areas: significant challenges to address. funding and non-financial support (business support). The enterprise development offering from Absa aims to open Access to markets doors by is providing access inobstacle three keyfacing areas:SMEs markets, Accessfor toSMEs markets a more pressing funding and to non-financial support support). than access funding. The market(business exists, but the linkages

don’t. Access tobuyers, markets Corporate for example, in terms of preferential Access to markets a more pressing obstacle facing SMEs procurement, face is the challenge of locating and identifying than access funding. And The the market exists, butstruggle the linkages suitable SMEtosuppliers. SMEs in turn don’t. with accessing these corporates in order to secure supplier Corporate contracts. buyers, for example, in terms of preferential procurement, face the challenge of locating identifying Absa’s Procurement Portal – a virtual marketand place – creates the suitable suppliers. SMEs inSMEs turn struggle linkages SME between buyersAnd andthe suppliers. on the portal are with accessing these corporates in orderusing to secure supplier validated and verified. They are located various searchable contracts. fields such as geographic location, size or BEE status. To date Absa’s Procurement Portal virtual market place – creates the there are 30 000 SMEs and–3a500 corporates actively using the linkages portal. between buyers and suppliers. SMEs on the portal are validated and verified. They are located using various searchable fields such is aspart geographic size or BEEtostatus. To date The portal of Absa’slocation, value proposition go beyond there areand 30 000 3 500 corporates actively using the banking openSMEs doorsand by addressing a primary obstacle portal. facing SMEs. Furthermore, Barclays Africa’s presence in 12 The portal is part of Absa’s value proposition to go beyond banking and open doors by addressing a primary obstacle facing SMEs. Furthermore, Barclays Africa’s presence in 12

countries across the continent creates opportunities for these entrepreneurs and emerging small businesses beyond South Africa’s borders. countriestoacross the continent creates opportunities for these Access funding

entrepreneurs and emerging small(or businesses beyond South Considering that five out of seven 80%) SMEs in South Africa’sfail borders. Africa in their first two years of operation – mostly due to cash-flow problems – it is clear that improved financial Access to funding support will empower more SMEs to realise their ambition, and Considering five out of sevenin(or 80%)Africa. SMEs in South contribute tothat sustainable growth South Africa fail in their first two years of operation – mostly due to cash-flow problems – it is clear that improved financial in In addressing SME challenges Absa needs to be innovative support will empower more SMEs to solutions. realise their ambition, and its approach to providing pioneering It can advance contribute sustainable in South valid Africa. funding to to SMEs that havegrowth been awarded and viable contracts. Cash-flow principles are the primary lending drivers In challenges Absaorneeds to be innovative in as addressing opposed toSME traditional collateral security-based lending. its approach to providing can advance Absa has committed R250pioneering million persolutions. annum inItnon-traditional funding to SMEs that have been awarded valid and viable lending aimed entirely at the SME sector in South Africa. This is contracts. are the primary lending in order to Cash-flow fund SMEsprinciples that typically would not meet thedrivers normal as opposed to traditional lending criteria required bycollateral banks. or security-based lending. Absa has committed R250 million per annum in non-traditional lending at the SMEAbsa sectorhas in South This is Over andaimed aboveentirely the R250 million, createdAfrica. specialised in order to fundfunding SMEs that typically not meet the normal non-traditional solutions to would assist SMEs: lending criteria required by banks. • The Women Empowerment Fund provides credit to women entrepreneurs who have the skills and demonstrable Over and above the R250 has created specialised potential to service theirmillion, debts. Absa The funding is available for non-traditional funding to assist SMEs: all women SMEs whosolutions do not have sufficient security to start • The Empowerment Fund provides creditcriteria. to women theirWomen businesses under ‘normal’ banking lending whoCredit have the skills and demonstrable • entrepreneurs The Development Fund in partnership with USAID. potential debts. The funding issecurity available This fundto is service offered their to SMEs with insufficient forfor all women SMEs who do not have sufficient securityby to astart existing business and start-ups. The fund is backed their 50% businesses guarantee. under ‘normal’ banking lending criteria. •• The Credit to Fund partnership withbeen USAID. The Development SME Fund is offered BEEinSMEs who have This fundcontracts is offeredor totenders SMEs with insufficient security fordoes awarded by Government. The fund existing business and start-ups. The fund is backed by a not require security. 50% guarantee. • In partnership with the French Development Agency, Absa • The SME an Fund is offered to BEE in SMEs who have been of up can offer exclusive incentive the form of a rebate awarded contracts or tenders byThis Government. The driving fund does to 7% of the total loan amount. is for projects not require security. • In partnership with the French Development Agency, Absa can offer an exclusive incentive in the form of a rebate of up to 7% of the total loan amount. This is for projects driving

Absa Bank Limited Reg No 1986/004794/06 Authorised Financial Services Provider Registered Credit Provider Reg No NCRCP7

Absa Bank Limited Reg No 1986/004794/06 Authorised Financial Services Provider Registered Credit Provider Reg No NCRCP7

energy efficiency and renewable energy. • The Thembani International Guarantee Fund supports business with a minimum of 51% BEE business in South and Southern Africa. The fund offers 50% and 75% guarantees energy to SME efficiency clients. and renewable energy. • The Thembani International Guarantee Fund supports business with a minimum of 51% BEE business in South and Access to non-financial support Southern Africa. The fund offers 50% 75% guarantees Another critical challenge facing SMEs is and structural in nature. to SME clients. SMEs fail, not for lack of technical ability, but rather because of a lack of general business skills.

Access to non-financial support

Another SMEs is structural nature. Absa hascritical seven challenge Centres offacing Entrepreneurship locatedinacross the SMEs fail, notthe for purpose lack of technical ability, but rather because of country with of providing a support environment a of general business tolack SMEs. The centres are askills. perfect example of private and public sector cooperation that have led to the costs traditionally Absa has seven Entrepreneurship located across the associated with Centres starting of and running a business being reduced. country theinclude purposeeverything of providing a support environment Serviceswith offered from providing access to to SMEs. The centres are a perfect example of private and infrastructure (computers and printers) and meeting rooms, public sectortraining cooperation that on have led toissues. the costs traditionally to providing seminars various Topics range associated starting and running a business reduced. from SARS with and labour regulation to financial skillsbeing training. Services offered include everything from providing access to Mentoring services are also provided. infrastructure (computers and printers) and meeting rooms, to providing training seminars variousAbsa issues. Through non-financial supporton offering, hasTopics helpedrange over from SARS anddevelop labour their regulation to financial 42 000 SMEs businesses in theskills past training. year through Mentoring servicestools, are also provided. training, business seminars and networking. By offering non-traditional support, the Centres of Entrepreneurship will Through non-financial support offering, Absa has helped bring more small businesses online and make it easier forover 42 000 SMEs develop theirand businesses in the past year through entrepreneurs to establish grow their businesses. training, business tools, seminars and networking. By offering non-traditional support, theand Centres of Entrepreneurship Access to markets, funding non-traditional support iswill a bring more small online and make easier for complex recipe forbusinesses a successful business. Like it any masterpiece entrepreneurs to establish andextra growdetermination their businesses. it takes time, effort and some to get the ball rolling. By investing in individuals, communities and enterprises, Access to markets, funding and non-traditional support is a Absa, through its Enterprise Development programmes, complex recipe a successful business. Like any masterpiece is changing the for South African business landscape, one it takes time, effort and some extra determination to get the ball entrepreneur at a time. rolling. By investing in individuals, communities and enterprises, Absa, its Enterprise Development programmes, 0860through 040 302 / is changing the South African business landscape, one entrepreneur at a time.

0860 040 302 /


of the provincial economy.

“In the past year alone, the province invested R2.3 billion in

The Premier noted that

road construction and maintenance projects spanning the rural

the province has developed

and urban localities of Mpumalanga.

a KZN Mineral Beneficiation

“In the coming year, R2.4 billion has been set aside to main-

Strategy, which is aimed at

tain and renew road infrastructure and to increase capacity

driving the minerals sector

to meet projected future demand,” said Mpumalanga Premier

in KZN towards a more prof-

David Mabuza.

itable, socially accountable

He added that for the 2016/17 financial year, over R4 billion

and environmentally sus-

has been set aside by the provincial government to deliver on

tainable future.

socio-economic infrastructure such as roads, schools, health

“We are currently conducting an analysis of the

facilities and other critical social development infrastructure.

contribution of coal and phosphate in terms of their socio-

Industrialisation programmes

economic development, risks and opportunities.”

Premier Mabuza said the province made progress in economic

Job creation

growth and job creation. “Our key instrument in this regard is our recently adopted

Premier Mchunu said more than R169.6 million in loan capital

provincial industrial development plan. This plan is the seminal

has been approved to fund cooperatives, contributing to the

strategy for implementing high impact, integrated and diversi-

creation of more than 7 130 jobs.

fied industrialisation programmes in the province.”

“Our long-term goal, as government, is to ensure that our cooperatives are competitive and operate on equal footing with cooperatives in developed countries.” In addition, the KZN Small Business Development Agency

He added that for the 2016/17 financial year the province will focus on mobilising partners and private sector investment.

Supporting development

together with Ithala, provides financial and non-

Premier Mabuza said the provincial govern-

financial support services to the cooperative sector.

ment will continue supporting existing SMMEs

“A SMME Academy is to be established to provide

incubation and youth entrepreneurship pro-

the necessary skill desperately needed by SMMEs, both in the formal and informal economy,” he added.

Skills development The province has also been doing its bit to facilitate skills development.

grammes. Over the next five years the Mpumalanga Economic Growth Agency will substantially grow its loan advances, disbursing a total of R500 million to SMMEs, cooperatives and agricultural enterprises. “In 2016/17, the total loan disbursements will

“Currently, provincial departments have used

amount to R80 million – a significant injection

funds from their one percent skills levy to accom-

that we are sure will yield positive returns for our

modate 1 237 graduates on the Public Sector Internship Programme at a cost of more than R74 000 000, with SETA funding of R1.2 million.” The province is also supporting 680 learners at a cost of R61 million, through learnerships and apprenticeships in various

economy and employment rates.” He said SMMEs and cooperatives enterprise development has been the link of the Kusile project with the socio-economic impact amounting to R8.473 billion since inception. “Further cause for commendation is the fact that 55 percent of


those who benefited are youth and women-owned companies.”


Improved the quality of education

The Mpumalanga government will plough major investment

Premier Mabuza said investing in education is the single most

into road infrastructure.

effective way of reducing poverty.


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

The province is establishing an ECD Institute.

“In an effort to better our current delivery rate of 87 percent

“Whilst the progress towards completion of the ECD Insti-

electrification roll out, 13 422 qualifying households in 104

tute has been slower than anticipated, we have nonetheless

villages, townships and small dorpies that never had electricity

trained 1 102 ECD practitioners at various qualification levels.”

before, across the province, will be electrified in 2016 at the

“These numbers will be increased by an additional 1 800 practitioners to be trained in the coming financial year.”

North West

cost of an estimated R279 million.”

Increasing tourism In an effort to boost tourism in the province, the provincial

The North West Provincial Government will continue with its

administration has developed the Provincial Tourism Sector

efforts to rebrand, reposition and

Strategy, Culture and heritage tourism strategy and the Events

renew the province.

Tourism strategy.

Premier Supra Mahumapelo

“These strategies will give expression to the Arts, Culture and

said despite weaknesses in his

Tourism developmental agenda of the North West Province

administration, there has been

and contribute to the country's priority areas of economic

some progress made on deal-


ing with the challenges facing the people of the province.

Running a clean administration Premier Mahumapelo said his administration will make sure

“The province will embark on the implementation of strategies that talk to Rural and Social Tourism to develop and grow domestic tourism in Bokone-Bophirima. Focus will be on villages, townships and small town tourism. We urge people not to wait for government, but to start working now,” he said.

that every person employed across the provincial govern-


ment is accounted for.

Premier David Makhura used the State of the Province

“In order to reduce the salary bill, we have conducted staff

Address to not only take stock of the progress that the prov-

verification for the Department of Education and Sports Man-

ince has made, but to also announce bold plans that aim to

agement and the verification of the number and qualifica-

grow the economy and create jobs in the province.

tions of all public servants across provincial departments will be concluded by March 2016.

“Gauteng contributes 42 percent to national employment and has the highest labour absorption rate.”

“Should it be found that there are people in the employ of

He said over the past year, 191 000 jobs were added to the

the state without necessary qualifications, such employees

formal Gauteng economy, while the informal sector created

shall be relieved of their duties in line with all prescripts in

150 000 new jobs.

the public service.”

Developing villages In line with the National Development Plan, the provincial government is developing Village Development Plans targeting all 767 villages in the province. “To date we have finalised two village development plans per municipality, across all 23 municipalities, and intend completing all 767 plans by the end of May 2016.” Over 13 000 qualifying households will get electricity. He added that the electrification of these houses will be done at an estimated cost of R279 million and will target villages, townships and small towns.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Developing the township economy The Premier said significant progress is being made in empowering township-based enterprises, cooperatives and SMMEs. A total of R1.8 billion has been spent on buying goods and services from township enterprises. In addition, municipalities are spending R1.6 billion of their procurement budgets on township enterprises. “The number of township enterprises benefiting from the initiative has increased from 400 to 1 805 that are now benefitting from procurement spend.” A further 5 321 SMMEs have been registered onto the procurement database.




Improving public transport

vestment involving the South African Women Investment

The Premier announced that the City of Johannesburg’s

Holdings, Jidong Development Group and China Africa

expansion of the third phase of the Bus Rapid Transport

Development Fund.

(BRT ) system to Alexandra, Sandton, Midrand, Ivory Park and Randburg is progressing well. In the City of Tshwane the A Re Yeng is now operational in the CBD of Tshwane

“This R1.65 billion investment was for a Mamba Cement Manufacturing Company in Thabazimbi. The plant has been completed and created 231 permanent jobs and 550 temporary jobs.”

and is being rolled out to Mamelodi, At-

The Premier added that a further 50 South

teridgeville, Soshanguve, Garankuwa and

Africans will be trained in China on how to op-


erate this type of plant. “They will be sent in

“In Ekurhuleni, the construction of 3.6 km of dedicated lanes and stations has been completed. The first phase of Ekurhuleni’s

groups once the commissioning of the plant is completed.”

BRT system, Harambee, from Tembisa to

Improving road infrastructure

Isando, is under way and will be operational

Last year Premier Mathabatha committed an

in July this year,” he said.

amount of R1.2 billion to roll out more than

Investing in education

12 major road infrastructure projects across the province.

Currently the province supports 1.1 million learners who

Significant progress has been made since the announce-

attend no-fee schools and 1.3 million learners receive a

ment including the building of four bridges, the upgrade

meal daily.

of 407 km gravel roads to tar, and the rehabilitation of 173

“A total of 82 936 learners who live more than 5km from the nearest schools are being transported to ensure uninterrupted schooling,” added Premier Makhura.

Empowering the youth Tshepo 500 000, launched in 2014, is changing the lives of

km of tarred roads.

Drought assistance The provincial government has set aside R3 million to assist farmers affected by the drought through the provision of livestock feeds.

many young people with training, entrepre-

“An additional R51 million was also repri-

neurship development, mentorship and job

oritised from the Comprehensive Agricultural

placements for the youth and unemployed

Support Programme and Illima/Letšema alloca-


tions to catch up with the demand for fodder

Over the past year, more than 158 000

and livestock water required for the commu-

young people have been recruited to par-

nal small-scale and subsistence farmers in the

ticipate in the various programmes of Tshepo

province,” said the Premier.

500 000. A total of 37 446 young people were trained.

Limpopo Limpopo Premier Stan Mathabatha highlighted the progress that the province has made in changing lives in the province.

Quality education In 2015 Limpopo saw 101 575 learners write their Grade 12 examinations, an increase of 39.2 percent from 2014. The number of learners with bachelor pass also increased from 16 325 in 2014 to 20 992 in 2015.

“According to Stats SA's Labour Force Survey, 147 000 jobs

Over the past three years R2.9 billion was spent on improv-

were created in the province in 2015. In the third quarter of

ing school infrastructure. A further R2.4 billion has been

2015 59 000 jobs were created,” he said.

budgeted over the next three years to continue with this

In 2015, Premier Mathabatha announced a planned in-


infrastructure delivery work in schools.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016


*Writer: Manusha Pillai

Brand Africa on the ascendency


he strongest brands are those that build equity amongst consumers by doing what they say they

Recent analysis of FDI into Africa tells us that the in-

will do rather than just talking about it. National

vestment by the leaders of the continent in improving

and continental brand equity is built in a similar manner.

governance and development are bearing fruit and

Africa has since the 2000s aimed to address systemic

actively contributing to the transformation of the im-

challenges in the way in which the continent is gov-

age of the continent. Africa is increasingly becoming a

erned and resources managed. The message from the

viable investment destination, which can be correlated

continent to the world since has been: “Partnership for

with a more positive continental reputation and image.

development and mutual benefit”.


and talent; and better public diplomacy.

Africa’s ability to attract a significant share of global

The African Union, with its related institutions, aims

FDI also bodes well for the continent’s developmental

to inculcate an ethos of good governance and respon-

agenda and suggests that Africa is doing something

sible leadership on the continent to give expression to

right to convince investors that their investments are

this message and provide assurance to international


partners. This, in addition to the recent adoption of

According to the recently released Africa Investment

Agenda 2063 - Africa’s first long-term programme for

Report 2015 compiled by fDi Intelligence, “FDI into Af-

socio-economic development - has been key to over-

rica [in 2014] increased by 64 per cent to US$87 billion

hauling the African brand image and saying to the world

[which represents] 660 projects.” This amounts to 13

that Africa is open for business.

per cent of global FDI, which has increased from 0.6

These efforts have also contributed directly to the

per cent in 2000. The 464 multinational companies

reputation of the continent. According to the Repu-

that have invested in the continent are saying without

tation Institute, improved national and continental

equivocation that Africa is open for business and is a

reputation results in more tourism; ability to attract a

safe and reliable investment destination.

greater share of global foreign direct investment (FDI);

The most attractive sectors for investors are financial

increased exports; ability to attract international skills

services with 133 projects; the coal, oil and natural gas

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

sector with 25 projects and a combined capital invest-

markets to facilitate more efficient and effective trade

ment value of US$33 billion; the real estate sector with

relations, Africa cannot rely on foreign investment alone

23 projects and a capital investment of US$12 billion; and

and must drive its own integration. To this end, a firm

the industrial machinery sector with 33 projects.

foundation was laid when in June 2015 the Continental

The auto components sector reflected an improved

Free Trade Area (CFTA) negotiations were concluded.

performance of 133 per cent while the value of projects in

When fully implemented, the CFTA will build an inte-

the business machines as well as software and IT services

grated market that will see a market of over one billion

sectors increased by 378 per cent and 72 per cent respec-

people and returns of approximately US$2.6 trillion.

tively. FDI projects in the chemicals sector amounted

Intra-regional trade is already contributing to Africa’s

to US$7 billion, indicating an increase of almost 2000

growth and the African Development Bank finds that “af-

per cent from 2013; and the alternative and renewable

ter decades of relative stagnation, the value of formal in-

energy sector saw US$10 billion being invested across

tra-African trade has increased almost fivefold in absolute

the continent.

terms between 2001 and 2012”. In addition, “intra-African

The benefits of FDI in developing countries are well

greenfield FDI projects as a percentage of greenfield in-

documented. According to the Organisation for Eco-

flows into Africa almost tripled between 2003 and 2013,

nomic Cooperation and Development (OECD), “FDI

from seven per cent in 2003 to over 21 per cent in 2013.”

triggers technology spill overs, assists human capital

The successful African growth story is therefore being

formation, contributes to international trade integra-

driven both internally and externally. Various studies in-

tion, helps create a more competitive business envi-

dicate a positive correlation between investment and

ronment and enhances enterprise development. All of

future economic growth. The data suggests that there is

these contribute to higher economic growth, which is

every reason for citizens of the continent to be optimistic

the most potent tool for alleviating poverty in develop-

about prospects for growth and development for their

ing countries.” The areas where we are seeing the most

countries and themselves.

investment also impact on improving the quality of life for citizens.

The science and theory on brand development tell us that brand equity is built and strengthened by what

Africa’s ability to attract increasing amounts of the

brands do and not just what they say. The continent has

global share of FDI is however, only part of the con-

made significant progress in transforming its image and

tinent’s success story. Increased FDI must equate to

reputation, which is supported by increased investment

economic growth and development of human capital.

– from external markets as well as within the continent.

This requires strong leadership from both the public

Africa has certainly become a globally competitive invest-

and corporate sectors.

ment destination.

Human capital is, according to the OECD, “paramount

The OECD cautions that although there are real eco-

to a country’s ability both to attract FDI and maximise

nomic benefits of FDI “they do not accrue automatically”.

spillovers from foreign enterprise presence”. Africa must

Maximum benefits will ensue from a healthy enabling en-

capitalise on the competitive advantages of multination-

vironment for business “which encourages domestic and

al enterprises resident on the continent, which are an

foreign investment, provides incentives for innovation

important source of research, development and technol-

and improvements of skills and contributes to a competi-

ogy, to develop continental technological competencies

tive corporate climate”.

and the human capital to maintain such competencies.

Will history find the leaders of the continent able to seize

The development of Africa’s human capital is a key pil-

the opportunities presented by the Africa Rising narrative

lar of Agenda 2063. Increased FDI, if used efficiently, can

to ensure that the African brand is built on what is done

provide governments with a catalyst to both develop

rather than what is said? Only time will tell.

and supply human capital for domestic and international business. While FDI can also be a catalyst for the integration of

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

* Manusha Pillai, General Manager: Communications, Brand South Africa.



JG AFRIKA: ENGINEERING A NEW FUTURE, DEVELOPING TOGETHER JG Afrika Board Standing: Jan Norris, Seetella Makhetha, Phaks Ngqumshe, Martha Makhetha | Seated: Harold Tiganis, Nomsa Mkaza, Paul Olivier (Managing Director).

Then and now, our journey continues …

represented in our first democratic National Anthem, Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika. With this name, we will show the world that we are

South Africa remains the beloved country; a land of great

true to our African roots, while remaining unique and maintaining

opportunity. So too the continent of Africa.

our independence,” believes Ngqumshe.

One engineering and environmental consultancy has pledged

The brand development started with the selection of a new name

its commitment to the country, its love for the continent and its

and after much research the selected options were presented

dedication to a transformed and democratic Africa. To express this

to our staff and a vote held. “We really enjoyed the process of

commitment and in celebration of its continued independence,

evaluating the naming options and involving our staff,” says Paul

the firm – formerly known as Jeffares & Green –embarked on a

Olivier, Managing Director at JG Afrika.

rebranding exercise at the end of 2015. The firm announced its new name to clients in February 2016 and Now known as JG Afrika, the company and its staff are excited

launches the new brand throughout Africa in April.

about the message they are sending – a message that tells the world that Africa has a lot to offer. “Our name change speaks

“The brand identity was developed and designed with a purpose;

to our commitment to being proudly South African. We want to

to remember the company’s history, to reflect its ethos and project

make a bold statement that we are locally owned and managed

its future”, says Olivier. “The logo’s icon is representative of man-

and plan to remain so. The company has a rich heritage and

made, engineered, symmetrical lines. These lines are contrasted

history in Africa. We are very excited about the future and

with organic shapes which represent the environment (green) and

remain committed to our beloved continent,” confirms Phakamile

water (blue), denoting the environmental sphere of JG Afrika’s

Ngqumshe, Director and Johannesburg Branch Manager.

services. The design and name incorporates the three pillars of the company’s ethos, experience, quality and integrity while

The inclusion of ‘JG’ in the company’s new name denotes its

displaying fresh, innovative thinking.”

acknowledgement of and appreciation for its history; while ‘Afrika’ indicates its independence, its love for the continent and is a

The JG Afrika personality is perfectly portrayed through the new

nod to the traditional spelling of ‘Africa’. “This is most obviously

brand colours –blue and green. In addition to the environmental

Phaks Ngqumshe, Director and Johannesburg Branch Manager

connotations of these colours, they are associated with trust, dependability, strength, peace, growth and health. These

Paul Olivier, Managing Director

JG Afrika (formerly known as Jeffares & Green) was founded

characteristics reflect the company’s culture.

in 1922 and is a proudly South African engineering and

“In planning for 2016, part of our goal for the new year was to

in-depth experience and strong African roots to ensure that

environmental consulting firm. It draws from its rich history,

sustain the advancement and success that we have achieved

all interactions reflect its ethos of sustainability, quality and

for the past 94 years. Over this period, the company has


progressed and evolved to keep pace with fluctuations in demand, the industry and customer requirements. To remain relevant, this must be a continuous process,” says Olivier. “As such, a strategy plan was meticulously devised to take JG Afrika to the next level on all fronts.”

The company provides consulting services in all fields of civil and structural engineering, as well as environmental services, throughout Africa. The Group also features specialist companies operating in the fields of geotechnical,

As the African Proverb goes; “If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together.” This is the basis of JG Afrika’s long-term plans. “Together, we will continue to grow, learn and develop, with a focus on continuous improvement. The time has come to look to the future and to align our corporate identity with our diverse expertise, our modern approach and the great future Africa has as a growing

environmental and geosciences, pavement technology, traffic and transportation, materials testing, and institutional support. JG Afrika is a member of Consulting Engineers South Africa (CESA) and is affiliated to FIDIC and GAMA. All offices are certified by Dekra according to ISO9001.

continent,” concludes Olivier.

Contact details: Physical address: 37 Sunninghill O ff i c e P a r k Peltier Drive Sunninghill 2191

P o s t a l a d d r e s s : P O B o x 11 0 9 Sunninghill 2157 Johannesburg, South Africa.

Te l : + 2 7 ( 0 ) 11 2 3 1 2 2 0 0 F a x : + 2 7 ( 0 ) 11 8 0 7 1 6 0 7 w w w. j g a f r i k a . c o m


COMMITTED TO VIBRANT COMMUNITIES The HDA is an agency of the department of Human Settlements and derives its mandate from a combination of key legislation and policy. The legislative mandate has its roots in the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa of 1996; the enabling legislation provided by the Housing Act of 1997; the Comprehensive Plan for the Development of Sustainable Human Settlements of 2004; and the Housing Development Agency Act, which created the Agency as a juristic person. It also resonates with the NDP, which was published after the HDA’s establishment. VISION Vibrant communities living on well-located land MISSION Building partnerships to create integrated, sustainable human settlements OBJECTIVES The HDA was established to address the land acquisition and assembly process so as to accelerate housing delivery and the development of human settlements. The specific functions of the Agency are set out in Section 7 of the Act. The two main objectives of the Agency are to: 1. I dentify, acquire, hold, develop and release well-located land and buildings 2. Provide project management support and housing development services In order to achieve these objectives, the Agency must: • E nsure that residential and community developments are sustainable, viable and appropriately located • Ensure that there is optimal job creation in the process of residential and community development • Introduce and manage a land inventory and information system • Ensure that the community participates in the projects

THE HUMAN SETTLEMENT VALUE CHAIN Housing need and backlog strategy

Land need based housing need and backlog starategy

Project closure

Land identification based on specific criteria

Project implementation

Land release for human settlements

Project approval and securing funding

Township establishment and project planning

Project packaging

The HDA also provides the following key services to provinces and municipalities: • Land identification and planning • Programme and project portfolio planning and management support • Informal settlement upgrading support • Emergency housing support

• Land assembly and land acquisition/release support • Land holding and land holding support • Land geospatial services • Intergovernmental relations (IGR) support

The HDA believes that delivering sustainable human settlements requires that all spheres of government work together with the support of the various housing entities. Depending on where in the value chain a project is, different government entities might be involved – but it is essential for the process to be carefully coordinated. Some of the critical elements include: • E nsuring that human settlement projects and programmes are aligned with national priorities and based on national housing needs • Establishing land requirements to meet national housing needs • Land identification based on specific criteria to ensure that land use efficiency is optimised

• Monies appropriated by parliament via the Department of Human Settlements


The Act makes provision for the funding of the Agency through:

• Donations or contributions • Interest on investments • Loans raised • Proceeds from the sale of land • Fees for services provided to provinces and municipalities based on cost recovery • Subsidies and grants from organs of state

At present, the Agency is largely funded through the national grant received from the Department of Human Settlements and fees earned from provinces and municipalities. The HDA is preparing itself for a renewed mandate that will see the Agency taking its rightful place in leading government’s interventions on land and property development for spatial transformation, sustainable and vibrant communities. N2 Gateway Aerial View

CONTACT DETAILS Head Office: Block A, Riviera Office Park, Riviera Road, Killarney Johannesburg Telephone: +27 11 544 1000 Website:


Writer: Stephen Timm

Budget 2016: Curbing

spending to boost the economy


s the global and local economies face challenging times, Finance Minister Pravin Gor-

dhan has cautioned South Africans to tighten their belts and work together. In his Budget Speech, Minister Gordhan announced measures that aim to put the country’s economy on the right path. In what he dscribed as a "tough budget", the Minister announced that government spending would be reduced by freezing new appointments in the public sector. Along with other measures, this will help save the state R25 billion over the next three years. Government also plans to raise R18 billion more in taxes in 2016/17, partly through a slight increase in personal income tax, which will be felt mostly by higher earners. However, no cuts have been made on spending for social grants. Government will also consider clos-

Minister Gordhan also has a tough job in trying to

ing or merging those state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that fail to

avoid a sovereign ratings downgrade by trying to

perform, said Minister Gordhan. He proposed that the struggling

convince rating agencies that the government will

SA Express merge with South African Airways and that a minority

limit public debt, while still promoting growth to tackle

private investor be sought.

poverty and unemployment.

The measures outlined by the Minister in the Budget come as the economy is expected to grow at just 0.9 percent this year, down

Curbing government spending

from an expected 1.3 percent growth in 2015.

He said it was key to stabilise government debt, espe-

Of concern is that South Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth has now fallen behind the rate of population increase, resulting in declining per capita incomes. In other words, the average South African is becoming poorer.


cially as it now costs government 12 cents out of every Rand of revenue to service debt costs. “We cannot spend money we do not have. We cannot borrow beyond our ability to repay. Until we can ignite

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

growth and generate more revenue, we have to be tough on

transactions with national and provincial government and

ourselves,” the Minister stressed.

their entities, and from 1 July for municipalities.

To do this, the deficit will be lowered to 3.2 percent of spend-

From 1 April it will also be compulsory for government

ing in 2016/17, from the 3.9 percent forecast for the 2015/16

officials to procure routine goods and services through the

financial year. It will narrow to 2.4 percent in 2018/19.

centrally negotiated contracts in place. The process will be

These targets are more radical than those contained in the Me-

managed through the gCommerce portal, which automates

dium Term Budget Policy Statement in October where National

ordering and allows for bulk discounts. The automation pro-

Treasury targeted a deficit of 3.3 percent for 2016/17, bringing

cess is expected to reduce corruption by reducing the risk

this down to three percent by 20178/19. But to convince rating

of human intervention to override established protocols.

agencies, Minister Gordhan was compelled to go the extra mile.

Regarding SOEs, Minister Gordhan said government had

He said all appointments for vacant government posts (except

spent R467 billion (or 11.5 percent of GDP) in financing guarantees on its state entities, which he

those for teachers, nurses, doctors, police officers and other critical positions) will be frozen from 1April. Non-critical vacant posts will be blocked on government’s payroll system, and departments will have to justify any new appointments by submitting revised human resource plans. This will help reduce the public sector wage bill by R7.2 billion. The number of staff in provincial government has already fallen from 920 000 in 2012 to under 900 000 as at the end of 2015. National and provincial government departments employ 1.3 million people (or 2.7 million if municipal and SOEs staff are included). In addition, new rules will limit what government spends on travel and accommodation (expected to save R1.6 billion over three years), conferences and car purchases for political office-bearers. All suppliers and government departments will also have to use an electronic procurement portal (the eTenders portal) from 1 April.

Encouraging South Africans to save To encourage more South Africans to save, National Treasury last year introduced tax-free savings accounts. These allow one to get tax-free savings of up to R30 000 a year. Minister Gordhan said so far about 150 000 accounts have been opened, with savings totalling R1 billion. In February, Cabinet announced it would postpone the annuitisation requirement for provident fund members for two years to allow for further consultation with key stakeholders. Minister Gordhan, however, said tax benefits will continue to be implemented from 1 March for all retirement fund contributions, including for provident funds. These include a higher tax deduction for of 27.5 per cent for amounts of up to R350 000 a year contributed to pension, provident and retirement annuity funds.

admitted was too much. He said most SOEs are struggling financially. To address this, the Minister called on them to partner with the private sector.

Increase in taxes Turning to taxes, Minister Gordhan indicated that government aimed to raise taxes by a total of R48 billion over the next three years – R18 billion in 2016/17 and a further R15 billion in each of the two following financial years. This will raise the tax-to-GDP ratio from 26.3 percent in 2015/16 to 27.8 percent in 2018/19, National Treasury says in the 2016 Budget Review. The R18 billion in tax increases in 2016/17 will help to fill the gap left by the government missing its tax collections target by R11.6 billion. The increases will partly be achieved through fiscal drag and increases in

This will make procurement more trans-

environmental taxes and the fuel levy.

parent and lower costs for suppliers and

Fiscal drag is what happens when

the state. By 2018/19, it is expected to save government R25

inflation bumps some taxpayers to a higher tax bracket, re-

billion a year of its R500 billion procurement spend, through

sulting in them having to pay more tax. To avoid this, National

lower advertising and administrative costs.

Treasury usually adjusts the tax brackets every year.

All companies that wish to do business with government must be registered on the Central Supplier Database from 1 April for

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

For 2016/17 it made only a small adjustment, which means taxpayers will get back just R5.5 billion, instead of




R13.1 billion if fiscal drag was fully compensated for. Duties on cigarettes and alcohol will be raised by between six and 8.5 percent, while the fuel levy will go up 30 cents and transfer duty on properties above R10 million increases from 11 percent to 13 percent. In addition, the tyre levy to finance recycling programmes will be raised, as will levies on incandescent light bulbs (from R4 to R6), plastic bags (6c to 8c) and vehicle emissions. To tackle obesity, Minister Gordhan also announced a tax on fizzy drinks, effective from April 2017.

A further R984 million has also been added to expand coverage of HIV and AIDS treatment and prevention, with R740 million for the treatment of tuberculosis. The Minister also announced that R475 million has been allocated to the Department of Small Business Development over the next three years. Following government’s agreement to meet demands from students to not increase students’ fees this year, an extra R16.3 billion has been allocated to higher education over the next three years.

And in a bid to collect more money stashed away by wealthy

Minister Gordhan said over the next three years

South Africans, National Treasury and the South African Re-

R1.1 billion had been reprioritised to tackle the drought,

serve Bank will offer a special voluntary disclosure programme

through interventions such as drilling boreholes and

for those with undeclared offshore income and assets to regu-

distributing animal feed, among other things.

larise their affairs. It will run from 1 October to 31 March 2017.

Increase in social spending

The state will also invest R865 billion in infrastructure projects over the next three years. Bus rapid transport systems that are operational in

Despite the tighter economic climate, spending on social

Johannesburg, Tshwane, Cape Town and George will be

grants will increase by R11.5 billion over the next three years,

extended to Ekurhuleni and eThekwini this year at a cost

reaching R165 billion in 2018/19.

of R6 billion.

An additional allocation of R813 million for Early Childhood

The Minister said municipalities must look into raising

Development (ECD) will increase the number of children in

more of their own revenue (they raised about three per-

ECD centres by 104 000 over the next three years.

cent of their budgets from own revenue), while the Back

In addition, R4.5 billion has been allocated to the National Health Insurance over the coming three years.


to Basics Programme will continue to assist struggling municipalities.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016


Proudly South African, JG Afrika (previously Jeffares & Green) provides civil and structural engineering and environmental consulting services throughout Africa. With a century of in-depth industry experience, a rich history, and strong African roots, JG Afrika continues to offer clients sustainable solutions of uncompromising quality and integrity.

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Writer: Ongezwa Manyathi

Make your voice heard S outh Africans who are eligible to vote will once again

“I wish to call upon all eligible citizens to go out in their

have an opportunity to exercise their democratic right

numbers to their voting districts and stations to register or

by making their mark at the ballot box in the upcom-

to update their information, so that they are ready for this

ing 2016 Local Government Elections.

important democratic process,” he said.

By casting their votes, South Africans not only strengthen

Millions of South Africans heeded this call during the first

the country’s democracy, but also become active citizens by

voter registration weekend in March. The IEC has now an-

electing leaders of their choice who will help improve their

nounced that the final registration weekend will take place

quality of life.

on 9 and 10 April 2016.

That all-important vote on the ballot paper plays a significant

More than three million South Africans visited their local

role in keeping ward councillors accountable and ensuring

voting stations to register, re-register or update their details.

that municipalities go back to basics by delivering services.

Chairperson of the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC),

For our country’s democracy to remain strong, South Af-

Glen Mashinini, said the number of voters who visited voting

ricans must participate in the 2016 Local Government Elec-

stations was more than double the number recorded during


the first registration weekend for the 2011 Municipal Elections.

Having the opportunity to vote means that South Africans

This translates into a 23 percent increase in registration activ-

can make their voices heard. But this won’t be possible if

ity compared with the first registration weekend for the 2014

people don’t ensure that their names are on the voters’ roll

National and Provincial Elections.

before it closes. Eligible voters must register to be able to vote in the elections. Those that registered previously should still verify their details at the polling station.

“This bodes extremely well for the upcoming 2016 Municipal Elections and for the future,” said Mashinini. Even though the first voter registration weekend

If you voted previously, you should be registered, unless

has passed, there is still time to register. Eligible vot-

you moved recently or your voting district boundaries have

ers, who have not registered yet or need to verify

changed. This is important because many South Africans are

their details, can do so during office hours at their

unaware that their wards recently changed.

local IEC office or register to vote on special registration days.

In his State of the Nation Address, President Jacob Zuma

Those who want to register at their local IEC office must

urged all eligible South African voters to register for the elec-

call beforehand to make an appointment. This is because


the closer the country gets to Election Day, the more elec-


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Millions visit voting registration stations By: Priscilla Khumalo Over three million potential voters visited voting registration stations across the country during the first registration weekend recently. Of the 3 097 194 people who visited voting registration stations, 692 730 were registering for the first time, while 1 086 958 were re-registering in different voting districts and 1 317 506 confirmed and updated their registration details in the same voting district.

There was also a big response from young people, with 544 552 people under the age of 30 registering for the first time. Almost 54 percent of people registering for the first time were women. This trend was observed in all provinces, except the Northern Cape, where there was almost a 50/50 split between men and women in respect of new registrations. KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng accounted for almost half of the new registrations, with 24 percent of new registrations in KwaZulu-Natal and 22.5 percent in Gauteng.

toral staff are out of office, conducting voter education in

• check your registration details online -


• check at your voting station during a registration weekend

The youth must register and vote

(9 and10 April 2016) • check at your local IEC office during office hours.

As the country marks the 40th anniversary of the 1976 Soweto student uprising, it’s only fitting that the youth should go out in their numbers to register so that they can vote and have a say in their future. The current generation of young people should be inspired by the youth of 1976 and take the lead in securing the future of the country. Many people paid the ultimate price for all South Africans to be able to live in a free and democratic country. While that

Applying for a special vote A special vote allows a registered voter who can't vote at their voting station on Election Day, to apply to vote on a predetermined day before Election Day. Not every one, however, qualifies for a special vote. Those who wish to apply for a special vote must have the following:

democracy does get tested from time to time, it does not mean

• be a registered voter

that no progress has been made since 1994.

• have a green, bar-coded ID book; smartcard ID; or a valid temporary identity certificate (apply at a Home Affairs office)

Who can register?

• meet the conditions for the specific type of election.

To register you must be a South African citizen; be at least 16 years old (you can only vote from age 18); and have a green,

You can apply for a special vote if you can’t travel to your voting

bar-coded ID book; smartcard ID; or valid temporary identity

station because you are physically unwell, disabled or pregnant;

certificate (TIC).

or if you can’t vote at your voting station on Election Day.

Applicants will also need to provide the address of where they live that is located in the voting district where they are

When do I vote?


By law, special votes can only be cast on the date/s specified in

If voters don’t have a formal address they must be able to give

the election timetable and no exceptions can be made.

election officials sufficient details of where they live to confirm they are registering in the correct voting district.

For more information, call the IEC on: on 0800 11 8000 with your election queries. The contact centre is open Monday

When and where can I register?

to Friday, from 7am to 9pm.

You can make an appointment to apply for registration during office hours at the local IEC office responsible for your voting district.

How to know if or where you are registered?

“Like” the Electoral Commission on Facebook (IECSouthAfrica) or follow the IEC on Twitter (@IECSouthAfrica) to get updates on registration weekend/s dates. @IECSouthAfrica @IECSoutahAfrica

To check your registration details, you can: •

send an SMS with your ID number to 32810 (R1.00 per SMS)

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

*Additional text from the Independent Electoral Commission. 49


Writer: Amukelani Chauke

Working towards well functioning municipalities


unicipalities are the lifeblood of every community and when they are functioning well, they ensure

things. This led to the introduction and the implementation

that communities thrive.

of the Back to Basics Strategy.

Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs Minister Des

Going forward, Minister Van Rooyen said the second phase

Van Rooyen wants to see more of these well functioning mu-

of the strategy will be anchored on helping dysfunctional

nicipalities across the country and is confident that the second

municipalities become functional.

phase of the Back to Basics Strategy will help achieve this.

In an interview with PSM on the sidelines of President Jacob

A functional municipality ensures that communities at lo-

Zuma’s address to the National House of Traditional Leaders,

cal level are able to prosper, by providing quality services to

the Minister said the next phase of the strategy will include

all residents and, in turn, improving the quality of their lives.

embracing innovation and technology.

In September 2014 – recognising the need to give special attention to the local sphere of government – government

New solutions needed

announced that municipalities needed to go back to the basics

“Old solutions are not necessarily solutions that are going to

of delivering services like fixing potholes, collecting refuse,

help us address all problems.

fixing street lights and listening to residents, among other

“We need new solutions for all problems. One of the other things we believe is not coming out strongly in our approach to Back to Basics is the issue of local economic development,” the Minister said. While municipalities are traditionally known to provide basic services like electricity, water and sanitation, refuse removal, rehabilitation of roads, amongst others, metropolitan cities fast becoming smart cities and are now going a step further and introducing innovation into their strategies. “The thrust of our approach is new, innovative solutions for all problems. If you speak of Wi-Fi and look at the roll-out of broadband facilities and the benefit of such to young people in our tertiary institutions in our cities, this is a very positive achievement to be narrated. “But as young people grow and as they want to access information in their area, they want new systems that will ensure that they won’t have to struggle to access information from sources of information like libraries. “It is our argument that cities are built on the basis of sound, economic development strategies. Without economic development in most of our municipalities, I don’t think most of our problems will be addressed,” he said.


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

The ideal municipality

that can overcome its challenges and meet all the pillars of

During his State of the Nation Address, President Jacob

the Back to Basics Strategy.

Zuma said as the Back to Basics Strategy moves into its

A must for an ideal municipality is a positive balance sheet.

second phase of implementation, national government

“Ideally, we want a municipality that is functional, able to

will engage in more active monitoring and accountability

provide basic services, manage its resources appropriately,


adhere to good governance practices, raise and manage its

This will include unannounced municipal visits, spot

own revenue and deal with issues of debt management.

checks of supply chain management processes, the im-

“We want a municipality that can be an audience to the

plementation of recommendations of forensic reports, site

people, because at the centre of a successful municipality is

visits of Municipal Infrastructure Grant funded projects and

our communities,” he stressed.

increased interventions to assist struggling municipalities. He added that a 10-point plan of Back to Basics priority

Traditional leaders have a role to play

actions has been developed to guide this phase and it in-

When President Zuma addressed the opening of the Na-

cludes the promotion of community engagement, which

tional House of Traditional Leaders he said government

is absolutely critical to enabling communities to provide

had noted that some productive communal land, under

feedback of their experience of local government.

traditional councils, remained inadequately utilised.

Minister Van Rooyen explained that the first phase of the

He urged traditional leaders to encourage communities

Back to Basics Strategy helped government understand the

to plough and till productive land to produce healthy food

magnitude of the challenges faced by municipalities across

for their families and to reduce the levels of food insecurity

the country.

and poverty that are so prevalent.

The strategy also helped government come up with clear

The President said that the Department of Rural Devel-

recommendations on how to deal with the challenges faced

opment and Land Reform was finalising business plans

by these municipalities, he added.

for all 44 districts in the country, where agricultural parks,

The process also assisted government to make submis-

known as Agri-parks, will be established. He added one

sions to the Municipal Demarcation Board to question the

of the strategic objectives of the Agri-parks is to ‘bring

viability of some of the municipalities that were faced with

under-utilised land (especially in communal areas) into


full production within three years and expand irrigated

This led to an announcement that after the 2016 Municipal Elections, the number of municipalities will be reduced from 278 to 254. “It is all because of the results of the assessment that was done in the first phase of the Back to Basics Strategy.

agriculture. The Minister said the President’s call was very important, as access to land is one of the solutions to eradicating poverty, inequality and unemployment. “So it is also a call for a collective effort from all stakehold-

“We are at the stage where we are able to say which of

ers, including traditional leaders themselves, to ensure that

these municipalities are dysfunctional, which are facing the

South Africa, a country that we love, becomes a developed.

risk of becoming dysfunctional, which are doing well and

“The land that most of these agricultural projects are tak-

what the appropriate interventions are, guided by the merits

ing place on is under the jurisdiction of traditional leaders.

of each case.

It is very important to always remind traditional leaders of

“The problems encountered by each municipality are different and they vary in size and the level of severity, etc.

their role in ensuring that communal and productive land in their jurisdiction is properly utilised.”

So we need an appropriate diagnosis. Out of this, we can

He added that it was important that traditional leaders

determine appropriate remedies. We can’t just come up

were reminded of the role they have to play in ensuring

with a blanket approach to the situation.”

that they release some of the land and also allow access

The Minister said his ideal municipality would be the one

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

so that development can take place.



Commissioner Tembinkosi Bonakele, Minister Ebrahim Patel (EDD), Premier Senzo Mchunu (KwaZulu-Natal) and MEC Mike Mabuyakhulu (Economic Development, Tourism & Environmental Affairs, KZN), during the official opening proceedings of the recently held 4th BRICS International Competition Conference in Durban.

THE COMPETITION COMMISSION Regulating for a growing and inclusive economy

The Competition Commission is a statutory body constituted in terms of the Competition Act, 89 of 1998. It is one of three independent competition regulatory authorities, with the other two being the Competition Tribunal (Tribunal) and the Competition Appeal Court (CAC). While the Commission is the investigative and enforcement agency, the Tribunal is the adjudicative body and the Competition Appeal Court considers appeals against decisions of the Tribunal. The competition authorities are functionally-independent institutions, but are administratively accountable to the Economic Development Department. In terms of the Act, the Commission is empowered to investigate, control and evaluate restrictive business practices, abuse of dominant positions, as well as mergers, in order to achieve equity and efficiency in the South African economy. Its mandate is to promote and maintain competition in South Africa in order to:

• P romote the efficiency, adaptability and development of the economy; • P rovide consumers with competitive prices and product choices; • P romote employment and advance the social and economic welfare of South Africans; • E xpand opportunities for South African participation in world markets and recognise the role of foreign competition in the Republic;

• E nsure that small- and medium-sized enterprises have an equitable opportunity to participate in the economy; and • P romote a greater spread of ownership, in particular to increase the ownership stakes of historically disadvantaged persons. To achieve its purpose, the Commission’s core functions, set out in section 21 of the Act, are to: • I nvestigate and prosecute restrictive horizontal and vertical practices; • I nvestigate and prosecute abuse of dominant positions; • D ecide on mergers and acquisitions applications;

• C onduct formal inquiries in respect of the general state of competition in a particular market; • G rant or refuse applications for exemption from the application of the Act; • Conduct legislative reviews; and • Develop and communicate advocacy positions on specific competition issues.

In addition, the Commission promotes voluntary compliance with the Act by providing education and advice on the application of the Act. The Commission can negotiate agreements with any regulatory authority to coordinate and harmonise the exercise of jurisdiction over competition matters within the relevant industry or sector, and ensure the consistent application of the principles of the Act. The Commission can also participate in the proceedings of any regulatory authority and advise (or receive advice) therefrom.

MEASURING ECONOMIC IMPACT Interim Assessment of the Massmart Supplier Development Fund

The Commission undertakes economic studies (impact assessments) regularly to evaluate its work in markets. The purpose is to demonstrate to stakeholders the harm of anticompetitive conduct and the gains arising to the public from the Commission’s interventions. Impact assessments fall under three main categories: 1. E stimation of the impact of anticompetitive conduct; 2. E x post evaluation of specific enforcement interventions; and 3. Evaluation of the broader impact The outcomes of impact assessments are seldom an exact exercise: the relationship between competition law enforcement and economic outcomes is complicated by various exogenous factors. Recently, the Commission sought to quantitatively demonstrate the results of its work by undertaking several impact assessments. The outcomes of one such study, the Massmart Supplier Development Fund, is detailed below. In September 2010, Wal-Mart announced its intention to acquire a controlling interest in Massmart (51% of the target firm’s ordinary share capital). On 2 February 2011, the Commission finalised its investigation of the proposed merger and found that the merger was not likely to lead to a substantial prevention or lessening of competition. The only matter of contention from Government (through the Economic Development Department and the Departments of Trade & Industry and Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) was the impact of the merger on public interest issues such as employment, particular industrial sectors or regions and small business suppliers. Such import-substitution would likely compromise the sustainability and

participation of SMMEs and HDIs’ manufacturing and assembly firms in productive sector activities. The knockon effect would be an adverse impact on domestic employment and a reduction in output in sectors that economic policy aims to develop, both of which would affect broader economic development goals. These concerns led to an imposition of conditions for the approval of the merger by the CAC, which included the establishment of the R242-million Massmart Supplier Development Fund. To date, over R124-million has been committed to support projects in agriculture (Ezemvelo Direct Farm Programme), manufacturing (Manufacturing SMMEs Programme) and support services (Services to Suppliers Programme). Actual disbursements to qualifying enterprises totalled R71-million to the benefit of 139 smallholder farming enterprises and 24 manufacturing SMMEs. Funding assistance takes the form of zero-interest, non-recoverable grants for equipment, materials and factory equipment, secure loans via guarantees issued to commercial lenders, as well as technical assistance. • T he Ezemvelo Direct Farm Programme helps small to medium-sized farmers enter Massmart’s fresh produce supply chains. The programme is targeted at historically disadvantaged farmers who would typically not have been able to access these supply chains due to their size, location and trading history. As at December 2014, R31-million had been disbursed for farming projects. At the programme’s peak in 2013, 164 smallholder farmers were linked to the supply chain. This decreased to 139 farmers during 2014 due to some projects being discontinued and fluctuating cooperative membership. Smallholder farmers’

sales to Massmart and other retailers totalled R13.1-million, with Massmart accounting for 62% or R8.1-million. • T he Manufacturing SMMEs Programme is directed towards cluster projects in the building materials (paint, window frames), bricks, processed commodities (maize meal), processed foods, clothing and textiles sectors and general merchandise sectors. As of December 2014, R30.3-million had been disbursed to support manufacturing suppliers, which includes R23.5-million in grants and R6.7-million in loan guarantees issued by the Fund on behalf of SMME suppliers. A further R10.6-million has been approved for disbursement during 2015. Of the 24 projects assisted through the Fund, 19 are black-owned, five are classified as microenterprises and eight are small businesses. The enterprises supported have created or sustained 1 417 fulltime jobs. Since inception of the Fund, manufacturing SMMEs’ sales have totalled R106.6-million. • T he Services to Suppliers Programme procures services such as food safety compliance, financial and business management, as well as training on behalf of enterprise beneficiaries. To this end, Massmart has formed partnerships with organisations such as ABSA Enterprise Development to provide commercial financing to SMMEs beyond traditional grants. The Fund has partnered with intermediaries to provide technical training on crop production as well as training and in-field mentorships for smallholder farmers.


Writer: Noluthando Mkhize

Mangaung Metro

driving development D elivering basic services to its citizens is a top priority for the Mangaung Metro.

He added that over the past financial years, the municipality

managed to stabilise its financial position.

Mangaung is the only metropolitan municipality

“We have laid a solid foundation for financial sustainability

in the Free State, with a population nearing one million. It is

and are financing most of our expenditure. We have improved

made up of three main areas Thaba Nchu, Botshabelo and

our audit opinion from a financial disclaimer and achieved an


unqualified audit report for the 2013/14 financial year. This

Mangaung Mayor Thabo Manyoni said the city’s priority was to drive development and ensure that basic services were modernised and upgraded.

Good financial management

means we are on the right path towards achieving a clean audit,” the Mayor pointed out. The municipality budget has also increased from R3.5 billion in 2010/2011 to R 7.5 billion by 2015/16.

Mayor Manyoni said since taking over in 2011, the financial

Decent homes for all

situation at the municipality was characterised by succes-

Since 2011, the metro has provided housing to more than

sive financial disclaimers, poor revenue collection, perennial

69 000 people in more than 23 000 units.

cash-flow challenges, a dismal asset register and poor financial management systems.

A further 144 126 people, representing more than 48 000 families, are now holders of site permits and title deeds.

“However, we can safely report that currently our cash and

“The city has also provided over 16 000 families with access

equivalents stand at R1.1 billion as compared to R246.4 million

to own their sites through the formalisation of 19 informal

in 2011. This reflects a growth of R855.8 million (347.21 per-

settlements to date.

cent), which is three times more than previous cash balances.


“An additional 595 social housing units accommodating

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

1 785 people will be completed by the end of the 2015/16 financial year. “Construction has started on community residential units in Dark City and Silver City, and 800 units providing shelter for 2 400 beneficiaries will be completed by May 2016,” said the Mayor.

Access to water Since 2011, the municipality has provided about 219 000 households with basic water supply.

doubled from 10 million litres to 20 million litres. “The expanded capacity will accommodate new development in the city such as Hillside View Development, Vista Park, Lourier Park and Rocklands,” said Mayor Manyoni.

A city of potential investors He added that the municipality was being repositioned to attract potential investors to help with development projects taking place in the city. The city has also made major investments in developing the land

“Approximately 159 000 households have been pro-

around the airport. This has been termed the Airport Develop-

vided with a basic level of potable water above RDP

ment Node and aims to ignite development in the N8 corridor.

standards. In addition, about 40 000 registered indigent

“This is our biggest project and we started by providing neces-

households are provided with 10 kilolitres of free basic

sary infrastructure such as the Naval Hill reservoir and the North


Eastern Waste Water Treatment Plant.

“In response to the current challenges facing the city

“Now that these have been done, the private sector is starting

with regard to inadequate bulk water storage, the city

to move in. We currently have close to 250 new residential houses

has designed a special programme aimed at increasing

that have come up as a result of the N8 development around the

the capacity of its reservoirs and extending bulk water

airport, and a hospital is under construction.”

main lines to reach new areas.”

He added that the development of the Botshabelo and Thaba

The project is expected to help unlock land

Nchu economic nodes were the city’s most important projects

developments such as the Airport corridor develop-

as they aimed to address the wrongs of apartheid by bringing

ment, Cecelia Park and Vista Park.

development and economic opportunities closer to the people.

“We have committed to eradicating sanitation back-

“The city, working with provincial government, will invest about

logs within six years and, in support of this, are com-

R40 million towards the development of the nodes. These will

mitted to building seven new reservoirs.

include the development of vibrant rural enterprises, the provi-

“Of these, two have already been completed at 45ML Longridge and 35ML Naval Hill, respectively. Capacity at the Sterkwater Waste Water Treatment Works has been

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

sion of mixed development initiatives, commercial facilities and recreational and social amenities. “The nodes will attract other investment to the region which >>



will also address unemployment in the two areas.”

ture maintenance, paving, electrical works, as well as infor-

Other land development projects include:

mation and communications technology.

Township establishment for Brandkop 702 – one of the land parcels for mixed housing development in the city, estimated to cost R16 million.

• •

2014/15 financial year.”

Township establishment for Cecilia Park – one of the land

Social amenities

parcels for mixed housing development in the city, at a

Projects are also underway to provide more social amenities

cost of R20 million.

for those living in Mangaung.

Development of Airport Development Node, a R97 mil-

In Thaba Nchu, a regional park is being built. Sporting facili-

lion project.

ties, an amphitheatre, perimeter fencing, landscaping and

Development of a Long Haul Service Centre, a R35 million

play areas for children have also been constructed, as part of


phase one last year, and the second phase will soon follow.

“The development of these nodes is not only intended to

“This is one of a number of areas in which the Mangaung

ease an over-reliance on Bloemfontein as a commercial

Municipality has invested time, money and effort to mitigate

centre but also to bring renewal, development and eco-

urban decay,” said the Mayor.

nomic opportunities to other regions of the municipality.”

Another is the Hoffman Square development in the in-

He added that the city would also invest R19.95 million

ner city. The area experienced significant decline and has

in hawker stalls in the inner cities of Botshabelo and Thaba

been the focus of a number of upgrades that include roads,


sidewalks and repairs.

Developing the city’s youth

have seen the city experience a noticeable revival as dedi-

The city recently launched a youth economic development

cated projects make their mark, he noted.

Mangaung’s revival is a process and the past two years

programme in partnership with Absa. The programme,

“It’s a process and what we’ve done over the past few years

which has an initial intake of 3 000, aims to provide the

is to reverse the climate of urban decay, but there’s still a

unemployed youth with on-the-job training and develop-

lot to be done. As long as we stay focused and continue


to invest in the future, we will keep on seeing results,” said

“The focus of the programme will be on roads infrastruc-


“Over R40 million was set aside for the programme for the

Mayor Manyoni.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016




Describe how the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants inspires its members and students towards greater success and prosperity. ACCA is a global qualification with 170 000 members and 436 000 students in 180 countries. The qualification is portable and recognised across the globe, which creates endless possibilities for ACCA qualified accountants. It is no surprise that more students have been signing up for the qualification.

What are the benefits of having the letters FCCA after your name? I have been a member of ACCA for eight years and my FCCA designation confirms my status as a Chartered Certified Accountant. It is a testament to the training and practical experience that I have received as a student and subsequently as a member. Our members use the ACCA designation when they hold Associate status and change to FCCA when they are admitted as fellows of the institute, the highest honor bestowed upon members. The designation confirms one’s status among

One of the key issues in public financial management is to take the guesswork out of achieving clean audits. The public sector audit process is structured, which also calls for a structured

the global community of professional accountants.

process through which Chief Financial Officers manage their

What are some of your carrier highlights in the public sector?

National Treasury regulations. CFOs need support to identify

I have served as the General Manager: Finance for the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS), a schedule 3B state owned entity for seven years and achieved successive clean audits in all the years including accolades from the Auditor General’s Office. A key part of that success is empowering staff through training and mentoring. I am a firm believer in the ability of human beings to produce exceptional results when the environment is conducive.

finance functions beyond the prescripts of the PFMA and key processes and succession planning requirements especially given the skills transfer challenges faced by the sector. The qualification has also made me part of a global community of accounting practitioners, as I serve on the ACCA SME Global Forum working on ways to grow small businesses. The ethics code is an essential guide to making sure that we interact in an ethical and professional manner.

What was your response to the 2016 Budget Speech – and how do you see it affecting your business?

How has the ACCA qualification helped you as a member in business?

The Minister was honest and frank about the fiscal challenges

The ACCA qualification has equipped me with the skills and

promoting small businesses as the engine for growth by

expertise to diagnose the challenges faced by clients and work with them to solve them. Key areas of competency include management consulting, research, third party management services and business intelligence and analytics.

we are facing. Our view is that the budget was positive about allocating more funding while retaining the tax incentives in place. The fiscal consolidation efforts of government will require a partnership with bodies such as ACCA to improve the financial management skills in the public sector.

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Writer: Albert Pule Photographer: Siyasanga Mbambani

SAQA celebrates 20 years of success


here is a long list of achievements that the South Af-

“When we started 20 years ago, there was no NQF in place.

rican Qualifications Authority (SAQA) can be proud of

But today, when you speak to people they will tell you that,

since it was established 20 years ago. But topping CEO

‘I’ve got this qualification at NQF level 4 and it has got 120

Joe Samuels’ list are the unqualified audits, the establishment of the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) and improving the quality of qualifications offered in South Africa. SAQA is a statutory body that reports to the Minister of

Higher Education and Training. One of its main functions is

credits.’” “We have been able to set up this NQF that is being used across the education and training system in South Africa,” Samuels adds.

the evaluation and verification of foreign qualifications and

Improving the quality of qualifications

the verification of local qualifications.

The other aspect that SAQA has achieved is the quality of

Samuels is particularly proud that his organisation boasts two decades of unqualified audit reports from the Auditor-General.

qualifications offered in South Africa. Samuels adds that people now take the quality of the qualifications seriously.

He says one of the reasons the organisation has been able

“People value the quality of qualifications being offered and

to consistently get its books in order is because every staff

one of the reasons for this is the mechanisms that have been

member pulls their weight.

put in place regarding quality assurance of the qualifications.”

“We don’t see audits as a responsibility of the finance depart-

A few years ago some business schools had to deregister

ment only; all of us contribute to making sure that we get an

their Masters of Business Administration (MBA) degree be-

unqualified audit.

cause it did not meet the required credits.

“Everyone in the organisation understands the importance

Samuels adds that an agreement was reached between the

of following the rules and regulations as per National Treasury

Council on Higher Education (one of the Quality Councils of

and we fully account for what we do.”

the NQF) and the business schools offering an MBA degree,

He adds that it is also important for employees to know internal processes, like supply chain processes, well. “We make sure that people understand the processes of

which stated that the degree should be offered at NQF level 9 and will also include a research component.

procurement - what must be done, how it must be done and

Verification of qualifications

why we must do it that way.”

SAQA started the verification of qualifications of public serv-

Developing the National Qualifications Framework Another significant achievement of SAQA has been the establishment of the NQF. The NQF is a system for the classification, coordination, registration and publication of articulated and quality-assured national qualifications and part-qualifications.

ants in 2009. This service was introduced at the request of the Department of Public Service and Administration, who issued their first directive instructing all national and provincial departments to use SAQA’s verification service. This includes the verification of existing employees’ qualifications, verification of qualifications of prospective employ-

The NQF comprises three qualifications sub-frameworks.

ees, evaluation of foreign qualifications and the verification of

These are: General and Further Education and Training, Higher

qualifications for high-level appointments such as directors-

Education, and Trades and Occupations. It is further organised

general, deputy directors-general, chief executive officers, etc.

as a series of levels of learning achievement, from level 1 to

By the end of the 2015/16 financial year, SAQA would have

level 10.


verified approximately 64 576 records of public servants.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Working with the African continent

“This is a declaration that says we need to investigate the

In December 2014, African countries met in Addis Ababa,

possibility of moving from a paper-based society to a more

Ethiopia, where they adopted what is commonly known as

digital society,” explains Samuels.

the Addis Convention. The Addis Convention spells out a number of key elements that should be in place for a qualification to be recognised. “Firstly, you need to have a good accreditation system for qualifications in your country and secondly, you need to have a good quality assurance system. You also need to have mecha-

He adds that one of the things that the declaration wants to achieve is to develop digital certificates. “Some of the things we are talking about is checking if it’s possible to develop digital certificates and make sure that there are clear security features that are on them.”

nism through which you can evaluate foreign qualifications,”

20 year celebrations

explains Samuels.

To celebrate its 20th anniversary, SAQA has a series of events

He adds that South Africa’s system can be used as a benchmark because the country has a well-established system.

planned. The first will be the launch of AQVN on 16 May 2016. This will be followed by the Fifth Annual Groningen Declara-

To help share knowledge and experiences in the field of veri-

tion Network Meeting that will take place from 17 to19 May.

fying and evaluating qualifications, South Africa in partnership

The theme for this year’s meeting is: “A Digital World for All:

with 14 countries, started a body called African Qualifications

Making Skills Mobile.”

Verification Network (AQVN), which aims to be a credible,

The final event will be an international seminar on qualifica-

trustworthy network for the verification of qualifications on

tions frameworks that will take place on 20 May. The seminar

the continent.

aims to provide a platform for information sharing and an ex-

The AQVN is an important outcome of an international semi-

change of ideas on qualification frameworks.

nar that SAQA hosted in November 2014. “The idea of this verification network emerged from participants of the seminar. The goal is to develop trustworthy, le-

About Joe Samuels

gitimate institutional linkages and networks across the African

Samuels has been the CEO of SAQA since 2012,

continent driven by cooperation, collaboration and common

and has been working at SAQA for 19 years. He

platform to access learner records,” says Samuels.

holds a Bachelor of Science degree and an Honours

Improving qualifications through technology SAQA is a signatory to the Groningen Declaration Network,

degree in Physiology, both from the University of the Western Cape. He also has a Master’s degree in Adult Education from the same university.

which was launched in Groningen, the Netherlands in 2012.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016


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Writer: More Matshediso

Youth development linked to developmental agenda


outh development determines the future and should

“The youth want changes that open possibilities for them

be the heartbeat of any developmental agenda, says

to improve their socio-economic status and quality of life.

Deputy Minister in The Presidency for Planning, Moni-

Regardless of whether they are from developing or developed

toring and Evaluation Buti Manamela. Speaking at the 2nd Commonwealth Conference on Youth

countries, young people are affected by similar problems of marginalisation,” said Deputy Minister Manamela.

Work in Pretoria recently, the Deputy Minister said the youth

He added that the time has come to put youth at the centre

no longer want to be characterised as excluded, forgotten,

of sustainable national development, but this can not be done

marginalised or disadvantaged, because of policies that do

without youth workers who play a role in ensuring that youth

not prioritise their plight.

development is prioritised.

South Africa hosted the conference which aims to empower

The Deputy Minister said youth work is seen as a catalyst

youth to become agents of development and peace in their

in the development of youth, guided by the realities facing

countries, through competence and professionalisation of

young people and anchored in the belief that young people

youth work.

are a force for peace, democracy, equality, good governance

The conference hosted about 300 delegates from about

and poverty eradication.

53 member governments and took place under the theme:

“This work cannot take place without effective youth devel-

“Engaging Youth People in Nation Building – the Youth Work-

opment policy, programmatic initiatives, youth development

ers’ Role”.

research, and effective youth workers.


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

“In South Africa, the process of professionalising youth work started officially in the late 1980s. A Youth Practitioners Advocacy Group was established in 1994, which later became the South African Youth Workers Association. “The South African Youth Workers Association consulted and collaborated with the Professional Development of Youth Work Consortium to facilitate the professionalisation process,” he added.

Development of professional youth workers Commonwealth Secretariat Deputy Secretary-General, Deodat Maharaj, pointed out that the world was changing fast, and if many developing countries did not adjust, they risked being eclipsed in the new world order. “However, to adjust, to excel and advance human develop-

The vice chancellor said youth development has to become

ment in this new global disposition we need to leverage the

a feature in South Africa and beyond, because if youth are left

sum total of all resources available to policy makers, the most

in the society’s margins, all in society will be impoverished.

valuable being human resources,” said Maharaj. He noted 70 percent of Africa’s population was classified as youth.

Youth making a difference One of the delegates at the conference, Miguel “Steppa” Wil-

“Young people are confronted with a range of challenges in-

liams from the Caribbean, who was the winner of the 2015

cluding high levels of unemployment, lack of access to quality

Commonwealth Youth Worker of the Year, spoke to PSM about

education, rising crime and violence. In many of our member

the work his foundation is doing for his community in Jamaica.

states, youth unemployment is still high,” Maharaj noted.

He said the foundation, the Professional Youth Work Asso-

He said investing in the development of professional youth

ciation, runs a project that targeted young people who are

workers will, at the levels of at local and national government,

against the law and those out of school, aged between 16

bring together professionals with the right skills and compe-

and 30 years old. The foundation’s work includes efforts to

tencies to enrich, equip and build a youthful future.

help build a cohesive nation. “The main objective of the foundation is to reduce incidences

Learning from others

of recidivism, improving life skills, training youth in product

Another speaker at the conference, Vice Chancellor of UNISA

development, improving youth ability to matriculate to cer-

and Principal Professor Mandla Makhanya, said youth work

tified training, and improving relations between the police,

needed to be promoted and professionalised in South Africa

youth and community,” explained Williams.

by exploring practices from around the globe.

He added that the foundation presents space for youth who

Prof Makhanya said youth in many parts of the world faced

are deemed unredeemable by the formal system, and facili-

challenges such as limited resources, more especially educa-

tates a high percentage of at-risk/unattached youth mobilisa-

tion, training, employment and other economic development

tion. Where policy has failed, youth work picks up the baton,


William said.

In South Africa, government, UNISA, the Commonwealth

Through the foundation, about 25 youth completed all their

Secretariat and other stakeholders are ensuring that youth

modules, eight youth were employed in social enterprise and

work is mainstreamed across all ministries.

15 transitioned to certified training.

Commendable progress has been made in advancing youth

He added that the foundation has sustained partnerships

development locally, but a lot still has to be done to remedy

with police, civil society groups, international development

the situation facing the country’s youth.

partners and ordinary people.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016



*Writer: Harold Maloka

It’s not all doom and

gloom for SA

and gloom. Let’s take a look at what we have to be grateful for. For starters, we have not experienced load-shedding for at least six months. We had grown accustomed to the disruptions and now that they are no more we have even put them behind us but forgot to express our gratitude to the men and women who made this possible. Gratitude is in us as a nation and the challenges we face should not make us forget who we are. There is now predictability and that provides some level of certainty and confidence to the investor who needs to help us build a stable


economy and create jobs. any South Africans would be forgiven for think-

Speaking during the debate on the State of the Nation Ad-

ing that it is doom and gloom in the country and

dress (SoNA) recently, Minister of Economic Development

that government is not making any progress on

Ebrahim Patel, made an announcement that took many by

its mandate to improve the lives of its citizens. Even the in-

surprise that our own economy has created 712 000 new jobs

ternational community would be forgiven for thinking the

in 12 months under tough and difficult conditions. Simply

same, given what is portrayed through media platforms, be

translated, 712 000 people are now employed and their fami-

it mainstream or social media.

lies have an income, possibly a meal every day. This is despite

There is no doubt that there are serious challenges facing our country. We are in the midst of a serious drought, which government has gone to great lengths to address.

many economies in the world struggling to create jobs. Government further invested R290 billion in infrastructure development and therefore created jobs. He also re-

There are many people without jobs and still those who

vealed that 160 new schools had been built as well as about

don’t know where their next meal will come from. In addition,

100 000 new houses. With regard to higher education, gov-

the economy is facing serious challenges – topmost is that it

ernment started the construction of three new technical

is not growing at the desired levels to enable the country to

college campuses and two new universities. Much-needed

create much-needed jobs. A key sector of our economy, the

accommodation for 3 100 students was also provided.

mining sector, is also facing less demand for its commodities and there are considerations of retrenchments. Despite all these challenges, I assert that it is not all doom


Despite our electricity constraints, government managed to connect 265 000 homes to the electricity grid, while at the same time managing our consumption as a nation

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

contributed to no load-shedding. To further meet the demand

including government, and we are working together as one

in electricity supply, 1 700 megawatts of energy was added to

nation. We must encourage them to work harder and give

the grid through the Medupi Power Station.

them support to continue to carry the hopes and aspirations

Through investment from Toyota, in the past 12 months,

of many people in our country.

10 200 new minibus taxis were assembled locally, creating jobs

Government continues to invest and hold dialogues with

for 700 people. To create and save jobs, the Industrial Develop-

industry, as was the case with the meeting led by President

ment Corporation committed R14 billion of its capital last year

Jacob Zuma in the lead-up to the SoNA. Government remains

to South African and continental projects with private sector

committed to solving the problems of our country. It is mindful

investors, which included footwear factories, food-processing,

of the challenges and the impatience of those affected and re-

wire and cable manufacturing, film-making and many others.

mains resolute to work even harder to create a better life for all.

Minister Patel added that there were now 15.8 million employed people, compared to 15.3 million last year.

These positive developments, including many highlighted and those not mentioned, should occupy our minds and give

Therefore, I would argue that the jury is still out on whether it

us hope. We must share them with the rest of society through

is indeed all doom and gloom in our country, when there are so

all mediums, even when we equally share the challenges we

many positive developments. Yes, we have challenges, just like


any nation anywhere in the world. But there is evidence that

As Minister Patel said: “These are difficult times, yet much has

suggests we are making steady progress and that there is hope.

been achieved. With partnerships (across society), we can do

As it is often said, we South Africans are always hard on our-

more. Indeed, we must do more if we are to turn the economy

selves, which is not necessarily a bad thing, as it means we


strive for more and better as a nation. It is at times like these

It is indeed not all doom and gloom, and the future of our

that we all need to be positive, sell ourselves more and work

country is in our hands. Together, we can take our beloved

in unity as a nation to overcome our challenges.

country forward.

The current situation requires all of us to work together and take our country forward. The revelations by Minister Patel

* Harold Maloka, Deputy Director-General at

mean there is a lot of work being done by many South Africans,

Government Communications (GCIS).

Public Sector Manager • April 2016


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*Writer: Rob Davies

State support of local producers paying off



hen colourful fabrics such as silk, satin and

and a lack of fresh investment. In the process, numerous

velvet are strewn across a factory floor it can

factories in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal faced

be a sight to behold. It is a view relished by

closure with thousands of jobs on the line.

South Africa’s 90 100 workers who are employed in the

Government became greatly concerned at the pre-

local clothing, textiles, leather and footwear (CTLF) sector.

carious situation the industry faced. The Department

It is a sign of a factory at work. It means permanent jobs

of Trade and Industry (dti) stepped in to help this sec-

and wages at the end of a week so that factory workers

tor to become more competitive. As part of this, the

can provide for their families.

Clothing and Textiles Competitiveness Programme was

This labour-intensive sector has a long and illustrious

introduced in 2010. It is funded by government and ad-

history. More importantly, it provides a critical source of

ministered by the Industrial Development Corporation.

employment for mostly women in poorer communities.

This programme has a range of structured interven-

However, at the start of the century, local manufac-

tions to improve global competitiveness. It covers all

turers began to grapple with competition from cheap

aspects of business operations, from specific techni-

imports and struggled to compete domestically. The

cal skills to generic business skills. The programme

industry had poorly trained staff, out-dated equipment

also provides funding assistance for compliant

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

manufacturers as well as those in other areas of the apparel value chain so they can effectively supply customers and compete on a global scale. By March last year, the Clothing and Textiles Competitive ness Programme had approved 1 076 applications to the value of R3.7 billion under the Production Incentive Pro gramme. Most importantly, the programme saved 68 380 jobs and created 6 900 new ones. Another success was in the leather and footwear industry when 22 new manufacturers invested R371 million in ma chinery and factories in the Western Cape and KwaZuluNatal. These investments created more than 2 000 jobs. We applaud local companies that took advantage of our incentives under the Clothing and Textiles Competitiveness Programme. One of the first companies to embrace this programme was Prestige Clothing, which belongs to the Foschini Group. Through our incentives, Prestige Clothing built a worldclass manufacturing facility. Today, 65 percent of the prod ucts in Foschini stores are made locally. Another local business that took advantage of our pro -

ment increased the import duty on clothing to 45 percent, in line with World Trade Organisation regulations. In tandem,

grammes was the K-Way factory of Cape Union Mart.

we improved our monitoring of imports to ensure compli -

Through the Production Incentive Programme and Competi -

ance to reduce unfair and illegal imports.

tiveness Improvement Programme it purchased new state-

All our efforts have paid off with the CTFL sector now on

of-the-art machines, which transformed their operations.

firm footing. The Quarterly Labour Force Survey for the third

This resulted in a 102 percent surge in revenue and 20

quarter of 2015 shows that employment in this sector rose

percent increase in operational profit. Importantly, expenses

by 1.8 percent over a 12-month period to September 2015.

as a percentage of revenue decreased from 10.1 percent to

This meant 676 new jobs in the clothing sector, 1 197 in the

9.7 percent. Machine downtime declined from 2.1 percent to

textile sector and 268 in the leather sector.

1.6 percent while absenteeism decreased from four percent to three percent. Another intervention government introduced was the new Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act. This

Our CTFL interventions fit well with the Nine-Point Plan as announced by President Jacob Zuma last year. This plan aims to ignite economic growth and create jobs with indus trialisation playing an important role.

policy ensured that all government tenders for the sector

Government remains committed to working with local

stipulated local content - that manufacturing of textiles,

manufacturers in the clothing, textiles, leather and footwear

clothing, leather and footwear be sourced locally. If not,

sector to ensure their market share locally and internation -

the dti is required to provide supporting letters confirming

ally. Let us all support our domestic manufacturers by buying

the non-availability of those raw materials locally before a

local products.

company can source abroad. In response to the flood of cheap clothing imports, govern

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

* Rob Davies, Minister of Trade and Industry.



Writer: Amukelani Chauke

Strengthening SA’s social security net


ith millions of South Africans relying on social

“If there is nothing at home, they will find it at school,

grants to get by, government is working hard

so there is a balancing act when it comes to our pro-

to ensure those who are most in need receive

grammes,” she said.

the necessary support on an extended basis. One of the apex priorities of government is providing a security net for vulnerable groups and ensuring that there

The Minister added that grant recipients within the

is adequate community and human development for all,

system are tracked until they reached Grade 12, and the

explains Social Development Minister Bathabile Dlamini.

Department of Social Development ensures that the

Many South Africans found themselves in the jaws of pov-

children are linked up with the Department of Higher

erty due to the legacy of the ruthless apartheid system. Over

Education and Training, which is made aware of the

the past 22 years government has made a lot of progress in

deserving students in the system.

mitigating socio-economic challenges through key inter-

The Department of Social Development’s Isibindi

ventions, including major investments in health, education

model deploys trained community-based child and

and social security. In an interview with PSM, Minister Dlamini, who chairs the Social Protec-

youth care workers into communities to provide care, protection and developmental support to vulnerable children and families.

tion and Community Development

“The Isibindi model also feeds into education. For in-

Cluster, said government has made

stance, 98 percent of our children that are under the

strides in ensuring the overall wel-

Isibindi programme presented themselves to write

fare of vulnerable groups.


The Minister said the entire cluster has been able to link up

“From that group, a lot got a bachelors degree pass and almost all of them passed Grade 12,” she said.

and work together to ensure that

The rest are redirected towards Technical Vocational

grant recipients are looked after

Education and Training colleges, and those that need

and kept in the system from early

assistance in improving their marks are also supported.

childhood development (ECD) until

“What we are trying to do is to follow the child from

they reach higher education.

ECD onwards because then we are able to see those

“What is important about this clus-

that drop out of school, look for them and find out

ter is that you see the progress through

what the problem is.

the improvement of the quality of lives

“We are no longer just giving grants out to young

of people. For example, when chil-

people, we also want to get outcomes and we also want

dren who receive social grants go

to ensure that they go through the process,” explained

to school they have something


Ongoing support for vulnerable groups

Minister Bathabile.

to eat at school [through the

She added that an encouraging outcome was that

National School Nutrition

most girls who were grant recipients were completing


their schooling.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

With over 16 million South Africans registered as social

Government made available R2.3 billion to cover the

grant beneficiaries, the Minister said this is an indication that

2016 no-fee increase shortfall. An additional amount of

the investment by government is paying off.

R4.5 billion has been made available for student’s historic

ECD research and development Minister Dlamini said government, through the National De-

debt, benefitting over 71 000 students under the National Student Financial Scheme (NSFAS) from 2013-15 who owed institutions.

velopment Agency, has entered into a partnership agree-

The Minister said government is working towards en-

ment with the recently established University of Fort Hare’s

suring access to education by gradually phasing in free

Early Childhood Development Centre of Excellence in the

education, as stated in the Freedom Charter.

areas of ECD research and development.

“Free education will grow gradually but we should keep

The centre of excellence has been set up to be an academic

in mind that free education must go to deserving students.

centre of both context-specific curriculum development and

“Students must be focused, and not allow anyone to use

research in the area of ECD, and the university is working

their honest demands for their own benefit. They must

towards providing relevant short learning courses, a Diploma

also know that if you [prolong] a strike, you stand to lose

in ECD, as well as a Bachelor of Education.

because it collapses at some stage.”

She added that government also wants to ensure that co-

The Minister also noted that government expected in-

operatives receive the necessary support to become more

stitutions of higher learning to be responsible with their

productive and create jobs.


“We want to ensure that we increase our input when it

“We have committed to restructuring education and

comes to caregivers, we want them to serve in cooperatives,

institutions of higher learning so that they are not free

we want them to go to school, we want young women who

and do as they please. They must understand that govern-

are practitioners in ECD to train as full-time practitioners and

ment is a stakeholder in the education of South Africans

ensure that we improve the standard of ECD.”

and they must also account for the money they are given

The Minister said one of government’s aims, going forward, is to ensure women are increasingly incorporated into the social cluster’s programmes.

Increasing access to education

by government and stop giving themselves big salaries,” she said. Minister Bathabile called on all South Africans to play a part in promoting social cohesion and nation-building, saying that the country stands to lose a lot of the gains

Weighing in on the issue of university fees and the recent

made throughout the struggle for freedom if they did not.

student protests, the Minister stressed that higher education

“We have invested a lot in this and this is why we must

is a government priority.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

try and get everyone committed to it,” she said.


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*Writers: Congress Mahlangu and Vusi Mona

An argument for government-owned media platforms


he First Amendment country, the US, seems

internet. Also, it is not unusual for 24-hour cable news

to have an appreciation of how news about

channels and network Saturday morning shows to

itself, by itself, symbolically mediates relations

broadcast the full address. This, over and above public

between its government and American citizens. It no doubt has a very robust and one of the freest media in the world. But that does not preclude it from

the Weekly Radio Address to be followed by a “response” by a member of the opposing political party.

having its own media platforms. Take, for example, the

Curiously, US citizens and media critics do not see

Weekly Address of the President of the United States.

these weekly addresses, or the fact that they are pack-

It is a weekly discussion of current issues in the US

aged by the White House, as propaganda. There seems

by the President through a medium controlled by the

to be consensus that US citizens are, to some extent,

White House. It lasts for no more than five minutes.

dependent upon government generated news for

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the fi rst US president to

their knowledge and understanding of what is going

deliver such addresses through radio. Ronald Reagan

on in their country. The Weekly Address is therefore a

revived the practice in 1982 and his successors have

stage on which domestic issues can and are played

all continued it.

out – sometimes dramatically. It is a spectacle but one

As the internet became mainstream, the weekly ad-

necessary for democracy and debate.

dress was made available on other media. George W.

In South Africa, we have had attempts by a head of

Bush introduced an audio podcast feed but it is Barack

state to use ‘own media’, albeit at a party political level,

Obama who has taken it to a higher level of mass com-

to promote debate and dialogue. Former President

munication by introducing a weekly video address that

Thabo Mbeki was a prolific contributor to ANC Today,

you can find on various types of online and digital

the ruling party’s online newsletter. His writings influ-

channels – YouTube, the White House website and

enced political reportage in the country. We should

networks such as C-SPAN.

know as we were in the newsroom. No political editor

Significantly, the latter televises political proceedings to millions of households and its service is available in 100 million American homes, and globally via the


radio and all-news radio outlets. It is also customary for

could finalise his/her pages without at least reading

ANC Today. For his part, former President Mbeki contributed to

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

what the ruling party calls the “battle of ideas” by embrac-

sociated with not communicating or investing in your own

ing and using ‘own media’ regularly. However, at govern-

communication products.

ment level, even during his tenure, there has always been

Public sector communicators and marketers are not look-

some degree of modesty and conservatism in developing

ing for immunity from cost containment measures but

and using own media products and platforms. It may have

rather for innovative methods of funding own products in

something to do with the myth, sometimes pushed by the

a manner that will achieve both fiscal and communication

commercial mainstream media for self-serving reasons, that if it comes from them it is news but if it is from government it is propaganda. Former President Mbeki’s

objectives. We argue that this is possible. The US President reaches 100 million American homes without a whole TV channel dedicat-

administration did make

ed to covering the White

forays into ‘own media’

House. He does this with

when in September 2005

one videographer, an au-

it launched a bimonthly

tocue and his existing me-

magazine, Vuk’uzenzele .

dia team.

The magazine’s stated aim was to provide information on opportunities and services to South Africans with limited access to mainstream media. The various editions of Vuk’uzenzele were to be published in

There is a case for government-owned media products – as the commercial mainstream media cannot meet all of the citizen’s information and language needs – and these need not be expensive, es-

all official languages, as well as in Braille – a

pecially in these days of online and digital

service that continues to date but which is

media. For example, a news portal that ag-

generally not there in the commercial main-

gregates news on and from all state-owned

stream media.

entities (SOEs) would cost far less than the

But even so, government had to explain

individual efforts of these entities.

itself as evidenced in former Minister Essop

Indeed, a media property on SOE news that

Pahad’s remarks on the occasion of the launch

is owned by the state is something South Af-

of the magazine. Pahad said he had initially

rica should be considering. It could take the

opposed the initiative - first suggested by then Government Communication and Information System

form of print, online or electronic media – whichever is cost-effective and will not raise the blood pres-

(GCIS) chief Joel Netshitenzhe three years earlier - as he was

sure levels of colleagues from National Treasury. In fact, the

‘’not sure a magazine that would be regarded as govern-

latter may even be completely avoided if SOEs can imagi-

ment propaganda would fly”. Pahad's second concern at

natively use their already allocated budgets.

the time was the cost. While admitting that cost cannot be ignored in determin-

*Congress Mahlangu and Vusi Mona serve in the State

ing whether or not to launch a government media product,

Owned Entities Communicators Association as Presi-

it must be equally mentioned that there is a high cost as-

dent and General-Secretary respectively.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016



Compiled by: Irene Naidoo

Dr Sean Phillips Managing Director, Johannesburg Roads Agency Dr Sean Phillips was appointed Managing Director at the Johannesburg Roads Agency with effect from 1 May 2016. He holds a Master of Management Degree, a Doctorate in Civil Engineering and a Master of Science, all obtained from the University of the Witwatersrand. He obtained his Bachelor of Engineering and Honours degree from the Warwick University in the United Kingdom. Dr Phillips is a civil engineering professional with performance monitoring and evaluation experience at both national and municipal levels, coupled with operational management expertise within local roads authorities. He held the position of Chief Executive Officer at the Municipal Infrastructure Support Agent - a government component in the national Department of Cooperative Governance from April 2015 – April 2016. Prior to that, he spent five years as Director–General of the Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation in The Presidency. Dr Phillips also previously held various positions within the private and public sector, including the Department of Public Enterprises, national Department of Public Works, and Departments of Public Works in Limpopo and Gauteng.

Farhana Amod Group Chief Financial Officer, Ithala Development Finance Corporation Limited Farhana Amod is a chartered accountant with 24 years’ work experience and a member of the South African Institute of Chartered Accountants. She is also accredited by the International Institute of Internal Auditors as a certified internal auditor as well as a certified financial services auditor. Amod’s work experience includes financial accounting, financial management and internal and external auditing. She worked at various companies prior to joining Ithala, including Transnet. Her career at Ithala started in December 2005 and she has spent the past 10 years in various positions. Amod spent the greater part of 2014 in the role of Acting Group Chief Financial Officer.


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Writer: Gilda Narsimdas


Delicious recipes to tantalise the taste buds

Following the success of two television shows and three cook-

adventure continues as Sarah Graham Food Safari crossed seas,

books, Sarah Graham, a food writer/blogger turned culinary

premiering on the much-loved Cooking Channel in the United

host, has positioned herself as one of Africa’s leading food writ-

States. She is also the winner of the best African Cuisine Book

ers and personalities. Sarah Graham Food Safari, which aired

in the Gourmand World Cookbook Awards 2015 for her third

locally on M-NET recently, took viewers on an epic African cook-

and most recent cookbook Home. She shares three of her easy

ing adventure across Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa. That

recipes with us.

Chicken satay rice paper rolls (Makes 4-6 rolls)

Ingredients: 1 tbsp sesame oil (or olive oil) 4 chicken breasts, sliced against the grain into 1cm slivers 6 mange tout or snap peas, thinly sliced lengthways 1 red bell pepper, deseeded and thinly sliced lengthways 2 tbsp roughly chopped fresh coriander 1/4 cup peanuts or cashew nuts, roughly chopped 4-6 rice paper sheets.

For the sauce 3 tbsp sesame oil 3 tbsp soy sauce 3 tbsp sweet chilli sauce 2 tbsp smooth peanut butter 3-4 tbsp coconut milk, to loosen (optional) 1 large clove garlic, finely chopped Juice of two limes.

Method: •

Heat the olive oil in a wok or pan and brown the chicken pieces until lightly golden on all sides. Remove from the heat and set aside in a mixing bowl, along with the coriander and peanuts.

Mix the ingredients together for the sauce (if you don’t have coconut milk just use a little warm water to loosen) and pour half the sauce over the chicken and vegetables, then toss gently to coat.

Dip one rice paper sheet at a time into a large bowl of lukewarm water. They only need to soak for about 20-30 seconds and you’ll know they are ready to take out when they collapse into the water like silk scarves.

Place on a clean dinner plate, fill down the centre with filling, leaving a 2-3cm space at the bottom and top. Fold up the bottom and the top, fold in one side and roll until sealed neatly.


To keep your production line as speedy as possible, always have one sheet soaking while you are filling the previous sheet.

Repeat with the remaining ingredients and serve with the extra peanut sauce on the side.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Ingredients: 2 x 200g trout fillets (or salmon) 200g courgette noodles (or buckwheat noodles).

For the dressing 3 tbsp sesame oil 3 tbsp soy sauce 1-2 tsp fish sauce 3 tbsp honey 1 clove garlic, minced 1 red chilli, de-seeded and finely chopped 1 tbsp grated fresh ginger Juice of 2 limes Chopped fresh coriander (or pretty micro herbs), to

Grilled trout with courgetti and Asian dressing (Serves 2)

serve 1 tbsp toasted sesame seeds, to serve.

Method: •

Pre-heat your oven to 200C. Season your trout fillets lightly with salt and pepper.

Mix your dressing ingredients together, pour about 1/3 over the fish fillets and bake them for 10-12 minutes.

Meanwhile, prepare your courgette noodles. When you take the fish out of the oven, cook the noodles in a large pot of salted boiling water for two minutes, drain and divide into serving bowls.

Top the noodles with the fish fillets, sprinkle over the chopped coriander and sesame seeds, drizzle over extra sauce and serve immediately.

Espresso mousse with raspberries and dark chocolate drizzle Ingredients:

nish.3. Whip the cream to stiff peaks, and

250ml fresh cream

then gently fold through ¾ of the choco-

100g dark chocolate, finely chopped

late mixture. Pour into small serving glass-

1 tsp instant espresso or coffee powder

es and refrigerate (for at least one hour).

1 tsp vanilla paste

4. Just before serving, drizzle over some

Small handful fresh raspberries, or roughly

of the left over chocolate sauce, top with

chopped strawberries

fresh raspberries and fresh baby mint or

Fresh baby mint or basil leaves, to gar-

basil leaves.

Method: •

Add your chocolate pieces, 100ml of the cream, the espresso powder and vanilla paste to a heatproof bowl over a double boiler (a pot of 1cm deep just-simmering water, make sure the base of the bowl does not touch the water in the pot or the chocolate might get too hot).

When the chocolate has melted and you have stirred until it’s silky, remove from the heat and set aside to cool.

Whip the cream to stiff peaks, and then gently fold through ¾ of the chocolate mixture. Pour into small serving glasses and refrigerate (for at least one hour).

Just before serving, drizzle over some of the left over chocolate sauce, top with fresh raspberries and fresh baby mint or basil leaves.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016


8 7

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Public Sector Manager • April 2016





COASTAL ENGINEERING “Whatever you do, has to be the best of the best because people depend on you, without even knowing it.” KISHAN TULSI As a coastal engineer at the CSIR, Kishan’s work is invaluable to our economy. With 90% of South Africa’s trade passing through its harbours, their structural stability is vital. Kishan and his team build mathematical and scaled, physical models of ports. This allows them to determine how coastal structures will withstand the constant assault of wind and waves.


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Protect your kidneys before it is too late T he kidneys, a pair of bean-shaped abdominal organs,

patient’s blood is cleaned through a special dialysis machine.

are responsible for purifying the blood and removing

Typically, a person living with end stage kidney disease needs

waste from our bodies. Many of us take the health of our

to have three sessions of dialysis per week, with each session

kidneys for granted, however they fulfil a vital function critical to our survival.

lasting approximately four hours.

“Kidney failure is irreversible and so it is important that we

“According to the Kidney Foundation of South Africa, 10 per-

do everything possible to preserve the health of our kidneys.

cent of people have a kidney disease of one type or another.

Regular health screenings, including kidney function tests

Many renal conditions are linked to non-communicable dis-

and monitoring blood pressure, can help us identify the warn-

eases, such as high blood pressure or diabetes,” says Dr Guni

ing signs of kidney disease,” Dr Goolab observes.

Goolab, Principal Officer of the Government Employees Medical Scheme (GEMS). “In South Africa, there is a higher prevalence of kidney disease in the black population, due to a greater incidence of

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, with a balanced diet and regular exercise can help to reduce the chance of kidney damage. Reduce sugar and salt intake and avoid alcohol, as these substances can lead to renal damage.

hereditary hypertension in some ethnic groups. That being

Drink plenty of clean water, at least a litre and a half each

said, anyone could develop a kidney disease and so each of us

day, as this helps to flush the toxins from your body and keep

should look at our lifestyles with a view to preserving kidney

your kidneys healthy.

function.” Many people are unaware that their kidney health is com-

Avoid placing unnecessary strain on your kidneys by using over-the-counter medicines sparingly.

promised until kidney disease is at an advanced stage because

Smoking cigarettes is extremely damaging to kidneys for a

the symptoms are often not apparent to the individual. For

number of reasons, primarily because it slows the movement

this reason, kidney disease is sometimes referred to as the

of blood to the kidneys and raises blood pressure. A number

“Silent Killer”.

of recreational drugs may also have dire consequences for

In its most advanced form, End Stage Kidney Disease, also

renal health.

known as kidney failure, the kidneys are no longer able to filter

“World Kidney Day, which was commemorated on 10 March,

the blood, which has the effect of poisoning the whole body.

placed a special emphasis on renal health in children. This

In such cases, the person either needs a kidney transplant or

encompasses awareness of kidney problems that some chil-

dialysis therapy, which mimics kidney function by artificially

dren are born with, as well as teaching children about healthy

purifying the blood.

lifestyles to preserve kidney function over the course of their

“Kidney transplants are no quick fix, however, as it can take


many years to find a compatible organ donor and even then,

“As GEMS we encourage our members to lead by example,

the body may reject the transplanted kidney,” Dr Goolab ex-

through practising proactive kidney care and educating their


children about the importance of taking good care of their

Patients with kidney failure, including those awaiting kidney

bodies,” said Dr Goolab.

transplants, must have dialysis therapy in order to survive. The most common form of dialysis is haemodialysis, in which the


Supplied by: GEMS

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

8 - 9 J






2 0 1 6

































*Writer: Marina Abdo


How the retirement reforms affect you C

urrently, only about six out of every 100 people can retire

• You are protected even if you live longer.


• No investment risk at retirement.

Pensioners that do not continue to work after retire-

All government employees belong to a defined ben-

ment are dependent on the State, and/or friends and family to

efit scheme, namely the Government Employees Pension

support them.

Fund, which is South Africa’s largest pension fund.

Reasons for pensioners not being able to retire comfortably

What do retirement reforms mean for government



• The rising costs of medical care.

Pre-March 2016 government employees were allowed

• Increased costs of food and basic necessities.

to contribute and deduct up to 15 percent of their non-

• People did not save enough through their working careers,

pensionable salary from tax, with no maximum.

towards retirement. • When people resign, using their retirement money instead of saving or preserving it. • Bad decisions made by people when they receive their retirement money.

From 1 March 2016, they are able to contribute and deduct 27,5 percent of their gross salary, or their taxable income from tax. The maximum amount that is tax deductible per year is R350 000. If they earn R 500 000 in 2016, and pay 7.5 percent (or

• Longevity – people live longer due to better healthcare.

R37 500) in pension fund contributions, they can claim

One of the objectives of the retirement reforms, which came into

the amount from tax.

effect on 1 March, is to encourage higher retirement and household savings through tax benefits. There are two types of pension funds – those with defined benefit and those with defined contribution. Defined benefit means that the pension (the monthly payment once retired) is a fixed amount, according to a formula that is based on your final salary at retirement. This is an average taken

Government employees may top up their retirement funding with a retirement annuity to their get the full tax benefit. With defined contributions the monthly premiums paid are invested into funds, and the growth on these contributions are paid out at retirement.

of the past 24 months of service, the number of years in service

There are three categories of retirement

that you contributed to the pension fund and the age at which

funds namely pension funds, provident

you retire. To calculate the value, use

funds and retirement annuities.

the benefits calculator at The advantages of a de-

The difference between them is taxability. The retirement reform seeks to simplify

fined benefit are:

this, with uniform taxation

• The benefits (monthly


pension at retirement) are guaranteed. • Protection from infl ation.

* Marina Abdo is a registered personal financial advisor.

Disclaimer: This article does not constitute financial advice, as each individual’s financial goals and circumstances differ.


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

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Writer: Itumeleng Motuba

Bigger is not always better


azda showed us years ago that bigger is not always

Ford Focus 1.0 Ambiente

better, when it first introduced the RX-8. The snazzy

This one litre leaves most people wondering how this bigger

coupe caused much excitement even though it had

hatchback will function on such a small engine. Ford flexed its

pretty big shoes to fill after the Mazda RX-7. The most interesting

engineering muscle when it brought out this new EcoBoost

thing about the small, expensive types is that they are usually

engine. It clearly punches above its weight. The 1.0 replaces

heavily loaded under the bonnet. The RX-8 came out at the time

the 1.6 engine which is quite a drastic drop, but honestly, it

when big engines still ruled and we expected maybe a V6, if

is not felt at all

Mazda decided to go small. Instead, the Japanese manufacturer

This baby engine puts out 92kW power and 170Nm of torque,

shocked the world by giving this beast a 1.3 engine, obviously

improving from 159Nm. It accelerates from 0-100km/h in a

turbo charged. This was the birth of a revolution.

respectable 11.1 seconds with a six-speed manual gearbox

The V-engines are dying out, it seems, and now manufactur-

and listed fuel consumption of about five litres/100km (com-

ers are content with giving their bigger cars smaller engines

bined cycle), which translates to CO2 emissions improved by

and turboing them to the max. This is also a result of manu-

20 percent to 116g/km, due in part to fuel-saving technologies

facturers trying to produce better and more fuel-efficient cars

such as stop/start, a grille shutter and EcoMode.

that are also more environmentally friendly.

This engine was named the International Engine of the Year

We take a closer look at the A3 1.4 TFSi, VW Golf 7 1.2 TSi and

for a third consecutive year in 2014. The car itself is great car

the Ford Focus with a 1 litre EcoBoost engine. These three are

overall and still maintains the feistiness and reliability the Fo-

the current hot hatches

cus always had.


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Audi A3 1.4 TFSi Most people would probably be more impressed with the 1.8 TFSi before giving the 1.2 and 1.4 a second look. There are no complaints at all with how this car runs. It comes with a dualclutch S-tronic gearbox. The Audi A3 remains economical but can still keep up with the big boys. It gives out 90kW of power and 200Nm, which gives it enough grunt to hit 100km/h in just under 10 seconds, while fuel economy is rated at 5.0 litres/100km. It comes with start/stop, which is a great way to ensure your money stays in your pockets. It maintains its very understated minimalistic interior.

VW Golf 7 1.2 TSi Needless to say, the Golf is the king of smooth in this segmen, with its 1.2 engine. Petrol heads are probably shaking their heads in disbelief, but the numbers tell the story. This TSi engine produces 77kW of power with a maximum torque figure of 175Nm. Combined fuel consumption for this engine is rated at 4.9 litres/100km with a CO2 emissions figure of 114g/km. This engine is mated to a six-speed manual transmission. There is no need to over rev, or change down when you want to overtake. It still drives like a Golf. It handles well and if you were not told that the car was being powered by a 1.2, you probably wouldn’t have guessed it.

Public Sector Manager • April 2016



Writer: Sam Bradley

Road trip delights

Canyon, God’s Window and Bourke’s Luck Potholes. The Blyde River Canyon is the world’s third largest canyon after the Grand Canyon in the USA and the Fish River Canyon in Namibia, and offers great views of the Three Rondavels (three distinctive peaks towering above the surrounding countryside). God’s Window is a spectacular viewpoint looking out over the lowveld, a drop in elevation of 700 metres that provides


spectacular views of the outh Africa is a country with a good network of

forests below. A short drive away, Bourke’s Luck Potholes

roads, and plenty of places and attractions that are

(also called Giant’s Kettles) provides a fascinating look

well worth seeing and experiencing. In this edition

at large excavations in the riverbed that have been

we continue to highlight a few of the best road trips that

formed by many years of water eroding the rocks. These

every South African and visitor to our country should aim

three attractions show off the natural beauty of the area

to experience.

incredibly well, and are best visited on sunny days with

Panorama Route, Mpumalanga If you are looking for a little bit of everything on a road trip, you need look no further than the Panorama Route in Mpumalanga. Travellers are guaranteed to experience history, beautiful landscapes, wildlife, adventure activities and even some romance as an added bonus. The route runs from the Kruger National Park area in the north to Nelspruit/Mbombela in the south, covering almost 300 kilometres and taking at least one day (preferably longer). A visit to Kruger National Park (the largest game reserve in South Africa) means that travellers are almost guaranteed to start off the trip by seeing some large and fierce animals. First on the itinerary are the scenic spots of Blyde River


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

clear skies.

Mbombela where the Kruger Mpumalanga International

The next stop on the route is an historic one. The small and

Airport has flights to most major cities. Those wishing to fin-

scenic town of Pilgrim’s Rest appears to have been caught

ish off their trip on a romantic note can check into the Bel-

in a time warp from the 1800s. Originally a mining town

grace Boutique Hotel for a night of pampering and luxury.

during the days of the gold rush, visitors can take a step

Recently awarded a World Luxury Travel Award, the hotel

back in time to see what life must have been like in those

has jacuzzis, champagne and everything else needed to

days. The Royal Hotel has been magnificently preserved

finish off the trip on a memorable note.

and is one of the main attractions, while the Digging’s Site

It’s not only the sites on the route that are incredibly

a short distance away recreates the gold rush and allows

beautiful, but also the actual drive itself. The route has many

visitors to look for some of their own gold.

vistas that will have guests reaching for their cameras, and

For those with an adventurous side, the towns of Graskop and Sabie are both worth a stopover. Graskop not only boasts some delicious pancake restaurants, but also the

its combination of scenic, historic and adventurous attractions earns it a place on our must-do road trip list.

adrenaline-inducing Big Swing, a 180 kilometre per hour

Route 62 in the Western Cape

swing out over the gorge below, with 68 metres of freefall.

To experience the true essence of South Africa, one needs

The town of Sabie, famous for its pine plantations, also has

to leave behind the busyness of the cities and visit some

a host of adventure activities available. Kestell Adventures

of the small dorpies and long country roads that dot the

provides a great way to see some of the surrounding at-

interior of the country. Route 62 manages to offer these,

tractions (including the beautiful Mac Mac waterfall) with

while still retaining enough memorable towns, quirky farm

activities such as abseiling, caving and gecko-ing (a form

stalls and interesting activities to make it onto our list of

of tubing down a river).

must-do road trips.

Finally, travellers continue south to the town of Nelspruit/

Public Sector Manager • April 2016

Technically, Route 62 is the road between Montagu and >>



small and dark spaces, can give the tougher adventure tour a try. While it is a detour, the road leading north out of Oudtshoorn towards Prince Albert is the Swartberg Pass, which doubles up as both a road and a history lesson. The road was built in 1888 using convict labour, and the 120-year-old dry stone retaining walls on some parts of the pass are well worth seeing. Other highlights include unique geological formations such as the quartzite cliffs as well as the views of the Klein-Karoo to the south and the Groot-Karoo to the north. While Prince Alfred can get a little on the warm side (40 degrees Celsius in the summer), it’s the meat (famously tender Karoo lamb and springbok) that make this town famous. Road trippers that have made it this Humansdorp in the Western Cape, but the tourist route has

far are now officially in the “real South Africa,” with windmills on

now been extended to include many other inland highways to

the horizon and farm stalls with delicious home-cooked treats

link Cape Town to Port Elizabeth. The logical question is why

such as koeksisters and vetkoek.

miss the world-famous Garden Route, which hugs the beautiful

However, from Oudtshoorn most guests take the Outeniqua

coastline all the way between these two cities. The answer is

Pass to George, the coastal town linking onto the Garden Route,

an interesting one, involving hot springs, wine, ostriches and

although there is also a smaller inland route that continues all

Ronnie’s Sex Shop.

the way to Port Elizabeth. Visitors who have travelled Route

Everyone except the driver would be forgiven for passing

62 have been impressed by the beautiful towns, the friendly

through the first bit of the route in a wine-induced blur. Leav-

and helpful people with their genuine hospitality, and a calm

ing Cape Town, Route 62 is one of the longest wine routes in

and peaceful atmosphere to spend a few days relaxing and

the world, passing through the famous wine regions of Paarl,


Wellington, Tulbagh, Worcester and Robertson. Expect to see endless vineyards and fruit orchards, with plenty of great res-

The northern KwaZulu-Natal coastline

taurants and guesthouses to visit.

South Africa’s favourite playground city (otherwise known as

Montagu is worth an overnight stop for the natural hot springs,

Durban) has plenty to offer in the form of sunny skies, beautiful

which are great to relax in. The area also has some amazing rock

beaches and warm oceans. Entertainment options are available

formations, so it’s a popular town for mountain climbers and

for both young and old, so it’s advisable to spend a few days

hikers. The road passes through Barrydale, where most people

exploring uShaka Marine World, doing a tour of Moses Mabhida

stop at the bar called Ronnie’s Sex Shop as much out of curi-

Stadium and trying out a few of the restaurants in Umhlanga.

osity as for the pub lunches. Visitors will also see the historic

However, once Durban and its occasionally oppressive humidity

former mission stations of Zoar and Amalienstein on the way to Calitzdorp, famous for its port wines. Heading further up the coast the landscape changes, becoming drier and more barren. Oudtshoorn is the next town on the route, famous both for its difficult pronunciation and its ostriches. Visitors to the town can visit the ostrich farms, where they can see some of the goods made from ostrich leather, eat an ostrich egg (large enough to feed eight people), enjoy an ostrich steak and even ride one of the birds. Half an hour's drive outside Oudtshoorn is the Cango Caves, which offers a tour to see the stalactites and stalagmites. The less faint-hearted, so long as they don’t suffer from a fear of wickedly


Public Sector Manager • April 2016

(visitors in February be warned!) has been left behind, the road

with its scenic wilderness vistas will still be worth the

stretching up to the north is well worth exploring.

trouble). The park does have accommodation available

Once you’ve managed to extract yourself from the charms

at its Hilltop Camp in the north of the reserve.

of the coastal seaside towns such as Umhlanga, Umdloti and

The scenery further to the north will now start to be-

Ballito, the first stop will be prawn related. Depending on time

come more remote, with dwellings few and far between.

constraints, you’ll either want to stop at the Prawn Shack for a

The area has plenty of game parks, and international visi-

meal or spend a night at The Hatchery.

tors travel great distances to stay in some of the luxurious

The Prawn Shack is a restaurant set on a sand dune with mag-

safari camps. During the summer months the heat can

nificent prawns and a very festive atmosphere over weekends.

take some getting used to, but thankfully it is a dry heat

The Hatchery is an old prawn hatchery that has been converted

without the sticky humidity.

into a hostel, boasting a laid-back vibe and a spectacular loca-

A further 170 kilometres from St Lucia lies Sodwana Bay,

tion. Set right on a lagoon and looking out over the ocean, it’s

a scuba diving spot famous around the world. The bay

a spot that is well worth staying at for a night or two.

offers four reefs suitable for diving, and the coral plays

Moving further up the coast, visitors can stop off in the coastal towns of Mtunzini or the larger Richards Bay. Slightly further

host to many ocean animals such as turtles, manta rays and whale sharks.

away (about two and a half hour's drive from Durban) are the

Most visitors choose to end their trip here and return

scenic towns of towns of St Lucia and Hluhluwe. St Lucia is

to the south, although the adventurous can continue

nestled between its estuary and the ocean, and is bordered

onwards to the scenic and unspoilt spots such as Lake

by the beautiful Cape Vidal Reserve.

Sibaya, Kosi Bay and even Ponta do Ouro just past the

The estuary has plenty of crocodiles and hippos, while leop-

Mozambique border.

ards are also common to the area. These animals give the town a wild feeling, making it easy to feel like a brave explorer travelling boldly into the dangerous unknown. Attractions include estuary tours, game drives, fishing and relaxing on the beach, and St Lucia also has a few good restaurants (the Ski Boat Club Restaurant comes highly recommended). As the oldest game reserve in Africa, Hluhluwe-Imfolozi Game Reserve is worth seeing. The 96 000 hectare reserve hosts 340 bird species as well as leopard, wild dog and the Big Five, so visitors have a very good chance of seeing something interesting (and even if luck is not on your side, a drive through the reserve

Public Sector Manager • April 2016



Writer: Nicholas Francis



l a t n e m i t n e ) s(c


re you in search of your signature scent? Are you a floral, light, spicy or crispy fresh kind of person? Here is a selection of our favourites,

for both men and women, that will help you on your journey to find your new favourite scent. In the words of Coco Chanel, “It is the unseen, unforgettable, ulti-


mate accessory of fashion that heralds your arrival and prolongs your departure”. 1. Dolce and Gabbana Light Blue Swimming in Lipari, 75ml, R980. 2. Givenchy Gentlemen Only Intense Eau De Toilette, 100ml, R1 645. 3. Prada ‘Luna Rossa’ Cologne, 100ml, R1 355. 4. Valentino ‘Uomo’ Fragrance, 100ml, R1 375.


5 8

6 7

5. Chloé Signature Eau de Parfum, 50ml, R1 400. 6. Stella McCartney Delicate, 100ml, R1 105. 7. Hugo Boss Hugo Woman Eau de Parfum, 75ml, R1 280. 8. Versace Eros Pour Femme Eau de Parfum, 50ml, R1 310.

Disclaimer: All the informations and imagery in this article has been verified or been provided by the supplier mentioned above for the use of this article. African Sales Company (Pty) Limited is an authorized distributor of fine fragrance and cosmetic brands within South Africa and Sub-Saharan African Markets.


Public Sector Manager • April 2016






Celebrating freedom Minister Nathi Mthethwa reflects on SA’s progress, challenges



APRIL 2016

Revitalising local government Minister Des van Rooyen wants better functioning municipalities


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• Local fashion at its best • Keep your kidneys healthy


Municipal Elections Make the most of your right to vote

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