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Tobias Evan Himawan 160012875

ARC 1001 Academic Portfolio 2016/17

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Tobias Evan Himawan 160012875

ARC 1001 Academic Portfolio 2016/17

welcome.


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Year Reflection

Non-Design Coursework

01

Market Placed

02

Intervention

03

Chair and Figure

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Come On In


00 Year Reflection

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Architecture to me is always evolving. There will never be a perfect building, as the society requirements are never constant. In the same way, I view myself as an architecture student. The ever changing technology opens more design possibility, and as a student, I feel the need to keep up with this current. Over the year, the course has helped evolve the way I think about architecture. From designing process to producing outputs, I have constantly been challenged to think critically, work more efficiently, and produce a more appropriate design. The course also challenged me to produce outputs using different media; from hand drawing to computer modelling and renderring. These skills are needed to express my designs and to present them to other people. Looking forward to Stage 2, the course will expect me to produce even more. I think that the skills and knowledge that I have gained this year will prepare me to face this challenge. However, the learning process does not stop, not with the introduction of the latest technology and design possibilities. Similarly, architecture will not stop evolving, and that excites me.

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start.


01 Market Placed


Market Placed : Part One

The Market-Placed project is divided into two parts. In this first part, the brief was to explore the use of the seven SOMA Cubes as a massing tool, providing us with a particular shapes to work on. These seven shapes have to be assembled to provide the best arrangement that suits the concept of our market. The site, the Student Forum, is located right in the heart of Newcastle University. As the site is central, our group came up with a theme for the whole market: to promote a healthy lifestyle. This is due to the fact that the health related shops are located far away either in the city centre or in the Sports Centre, which makes it difficult to be reached by busy students. The site is perfect for the promotion as students can walk pass the market when they are moving from one lecture hall to the other. Further site analysis reveals a main circulation path on the area. Our group decided to emphasise the path in our design, thus creating the market around this main circulation path. After settling on a group masterplan, we were then each assigned with a SOMA shape as a basic massing unit. Our design would fit inside the SOMA shape (each cube has a dimension of 2.4 x 2.4 x 2.4m), and needs to fit with the whole market design. I decided to do a healthy noodle stall, a quick solution to the lack of fresh and quick healthy food on the campus.

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“exploring circulation, design languages, and cultural implementation�


site analysis

Sun Path, Circulation, Prevailing Wind

Observational Sketches of Current Site

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1:50 Site Plan - Points of Entry

1:100 Site Plan - Proposed Circulation of the Masterplan

1:1250 Scale Site Plan - Relation to the Nearest F&B Facilities


Open Frame

Planar

As a guideline, we were told to explore the design of our SOMA cubes using three design languages; open frame, planar, and volumetric. My language exploration aims to produce the best arrangement to fit a noodle bar with all the kitchen equipment.

Volumetric

Mix Language

I produced three models exploring the pure form of each design languages, with the noodle bar as my main focus. Then i tried to combine the languages together, as i found that the pure form was not effective to reach the suitable design.

process

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Primary (Top) and Secondary (Bottom) Facade

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process

Technical Exploration, Inspired by Japanese Ramen Stall


Early Sketch of the Materiality Scheme

“concrete and timber” The thematic material of the whole market is concrete. Concrete relates the market to Hatton Gallery, blending the market with the typology of the current site. However, concrete also reflects ‘presence’, being heavy and solid, and is needed so the market stands out from the brick-covered surroundings. For my stall design, i also apply timber, to relate my stall with Japanese architecture which will be explained on the final page. The overall ambience that is attempted can be shown in the collage on the right.

process

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FInal Design

Primary Facade

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presentation

Secondary Facade


“inspired by Asia� My inspiration for the noodle bar comes from a traditional food stall accross Asia. The tight seating area, combined with direct contact between the dining space and the kitchen are the things that inspired me the project the most. Additionally, i also looked at examples from a standing eating space that is common in underground food stalls in Tokyo, Japan. I decided to split my stall into two. The open bar is a reminiscence of Asian traditional food stall, providing a direct view to the kitchen activity and enable the food to be delivered straight to the customer. The more private eating space is also provided with an entrance from the secondary facade, and is inspired by the standing eating space. Both spaces are deliberately made to feel cramped, providing an experience of eating in Asian food stall. The use of concrete and timber completes the eating experience, stimulating the customer’s sensory system with materials commonly found in Japanese architecture. Lastly, the upper space provides a storage for the ingredients which silhouettes can be seen through the perforated timber facade. The facade also allows the smell coming from the kitchen to be dispersed widely, inviting people to come to the stall.

presentation

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Market Placed : Part two

In the second part of the project, the site is changed to Claremont Quad, a site on the outer part of the university. The brief is to create a market place on this site using the seven SOMA Cubes as the basic layouting mass, and tailored to our own concept based on the site analysis. The site is located on the boundary between the university and the rest of the city. xThis quality creates a unique opportunity to play around with the concept of public and private space. Inspired by this, I settled on a concept of making my market a place where the public and the students meet, a “community within community�, and came up with the idea of displaying this activity. I also looked at the four main circulations around the area, and tried to find a way to break down this circulation so people will be attracted to come to the market. This leads to my second concept of framing the activity happening inside the market with the market structure itself, so that it attracts the people passing by. Simultaneously, the market also frames the views of the outside scene from the inside, thus giving the ambience of not being completely isolated, but in a more controlled manner.

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"a place to stay... a stage to be displayed"


site analysis

Sun Path, Circulation, Prevailing Wind

Boundary Between Private (University) and Public Area (1:2000)

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“hierarchy of space” The concept of ‘public stage’ becomes the foundation of my project. In order to reach this, I looked at precendents such as Mountain Dwellings by B.I.G. Architecture to look into the hierarchy concept; separating a building into different ‘stages’. This inspires me to break down my structure into three tiers. The upper tier is the market cluster which contacts directly to the public area. The lower tier is the cluster that is facing the university, or the ‘private area’. Lastly, the middle tier is what i called the ‘public stage’, a courtyard designed as a social space, where people meet and socialize. This would include seating places, and the market hall.

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process


“mutual framing” The second concept of my market is framing. The work of Louis Kahn in Salk Institute hugely inspires me to frame a view with building silhouettes. As my public stage needs to displayed, my market structure needs to frame the activity happening on it, and the controlled view looking inside makes people wonder and be invited into the market. However, the ‘frames’ work two ways. It also frames what is happening outside when it is viewed from the inside. This creates an experience in which the people inside the market do not feel completely excluded, and it also highlights the university landmarks.

process

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“ampitheatre inspired hall�

Early Sketch of the Market Hall Concept

Ampitheatre, Inspired by Colloseum

Concept Sketch of the Dual Use of the Stairs: Circulation and Seating

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process


“suspension roof ” As the market needs to become a social area, it needs an uninterrupted internal space. Looking at the works of Richard Rogers, especially his INMOS Microprocessing Factory, I was hugely inspired to push the roof ’s structure outward, maximizing the space in the centre. I then studied different ways of suspending the roof using steel structures, as shown by the images on the left. I also came up with the concept of using mirror as the ceiling material, inspired by Norman Foster’s Vieux Port Pavillion. The idea of reflecting the activity happening on the ground onto the ceiling amplifies the crowd, giving an atmosphere of a very crowded space. This synchronises with my market concept of displaying the public activity.

process

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FInal Design

The final design is the manifesto of all of my concepts. The separation of the market place into lower, middle, and upper tier and combined with the concept of framing aims to create a market place from which a society can grow. I also arranged the stalls on lower and upper tier with protruding section, representing an interaction of the public and private area. The mirror-covered ceiling that is separated into sections and each is tilted at different angles to provide a different views. It also gives an opportunity for people outside the market to look up and see what’s happening inside. Additionally, it reflects sunlight into the market, providing a natural lighting for the market.

1:100 Section B-B

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presentation


“it is a journey... When visitors first walk in from the main entrance on Merz Court stairs, they are greeted with a ramp that slowly reveals the market. There are seatings that are cut off the ground, providing a socializing space. When they look up, the ceiling displays what lays ahead.

1:100 Section A-A presentation process

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Elevation 1 (Facing University)

1:200 Elevation 1

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presentation

Elevation 2 (Facing Claremont Road)


1:100 1st Floor (Mid Tier) Plan

presentation

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1:200 Ground Floor Plan

1:200 2nd Floor Plan

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presentation


“a night scene at the market”


“a public expression”

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“a night scene at the market” presentation


“... leading to a destination� The final destination, the hall, is an open air performance center. Its design is inspired by the Roman amphitheatre. The seatings dually function as staircases, providing a circulation route into the performance ground. This idea of pushing the stage downward provides a clear view from the surrounding area, uninterrupted by the amount of people watching.Because it is an open air stage, the sound is not contained within the area, and spread out to the outside, creating the sense of wonder for the passer by, thus inviting them in to see what is going on.

presentation

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“a response to the weather� In the final review, it is pointed out to me that there is a slight design flaw in my roof, specifically how my roof responses to weather. The high mirror ceiling lets wind and rain in through the huge gap between the roof and the market structure. To solve this, I designed the roof to be able to change the tilting angle. Therefore, when it rains, the roof can be lowered down closer to the market structure to minimize the weather leakage. I also fixed the joint where the roof and the supporting steel column meet to allow for this modification.

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presentation


“sun”

“rain”


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Main Circulation (Mid Tier)

Views Outward (Mid Tier)

Views Inward (Mid Tier)

Mirror Ceiling Reflecting Sunlight

Mirror Ceiling Reflecting Activities

Suspension Roof Allowing Maximum Space

presentation


“a view from above”

“looking from above”

process

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Sketchbook Work (Part One)

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Sketchbook Work (Part Two)


Sketchbook Work (Part Two)

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original works

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02 INTERVENTION


INTERVENTION

This individual project is the first design project of the stage. In this small scaled project, the brief is to design an intervention structure on an assigned site based on individual observation. The site that i was given is the lobby of Bernicia Halls of Residence, Newcastle. This lobby is one of the main circulation routes for people walking in and out of the campus. The main feature of the lobby is the 4 structural columns, two of them are angled, giving the building its identity. The column bases are concrete structures cladded with timber. Due to its location, these bases are used by both the residents and the public to sit down and socialize. Activities such as eating lunch, smoking and chatting are done in this somewhat accidental social space. Based on this observation, I chose this part of the lobby to put my intervention structure on. The aim of my structure is to provide a better social space, as the current space is too exposed to the weather, and during day time can feel a bit crowded with many people passing by. However, my approach would not destroy the current quality, and will preserve the current feature of the building so it does not lose its identity.

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process

“observing, preserving, responding�


site analysis

process

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“shōji”

“booth”

The first inspiration for the project came from the Japanese paper walls, or shōji. The translucent quality of these walls, combined with the lightness is appropriate for my project to separate the space from the outside, but does not majorly harm the site.

The second inspiration comes from a telephone booth. The quality that I’m taking from this is how it separate a space from the environment by blocking the sound. I apply this quality to create a space with more ‘secured’ feel.

process


“bubble” Lastly, in order to preserve the identity of the building, I decided to ‘wrap’ the 4 columns with a translucent, fluid structure like a bubble. I was greatly inspired by the Bubble project by Scodifio + Renfro in Hirshorn Museum, of how they use a bubble-like structure to define a space inside the museum.

process

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Mass

Fluidity

Enclosure

Translucency

“the four qualities” From the previous inspirations, I concluded the four qualities that needs to exist in the structure I’m designing. The building needs to have a mass for starter, to distinguish the space to the rest of the lobby. It also needs to be fluid to express the high circulation around the area. Thirdly, it needs to wrap the 4 columns, preserving the building’s characteristic and making the inhabitants feel enclosed and intimate. And lastly, it needs to have translucent quality so that the columns can still be seen, but the people inside do not feel completely exposed.

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process


“defining the form” The next thing to do is to define the overall form of my structure. The form derives from how I want the user to “explore” the space inbetween the columns, and they become a part of the wrapping quality. Inspired by the surrounding typology of bricks, I follow it by texturizing the skin with horizontal lines.

process

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“manipulating opacity� Last thing to do is to apply a material to my building. As i want my building to feel like a single object, like a translucent box, I decided to make my entire structure out of one material. There are options of material that gives the translucent effect. I was first inspired to use ETFE, a form of blown plastic that is commonly used in combination with steel structure. However, my final form does not allow the application of this material. I then looked into glass and it’s capability to be translucent on a certain thickness and arrangement. I decided to use this, and the arrangement will be explained later on the presentation page.

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process


Sketchbook Work

process

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Final Design

1:100 Elevation

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process

1:100 Section


1:50 Proposed Programme Plan

1:50 Proposed Circulation Plan

“a social bubble” The final design contains all the qualities and concepts that has been explained. It is formed to wrap the four columns, but still provides spaces to sit down or stand up inside. The programmed circulation is made so that the user explores the quality of the columns, and the columns also become part of the design, separating the space into two smaller “rooms”. The roof is also lower than the original site height to create a more enclosed, intimate space. Finally, the overall shape resembles a bubble, blown from the columns to create a better social space.

1:100 Plan process

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“stacking glass� Previously, I designed the structure with ETFE as the material. However, on my feedback, it is pointed out that it will be structurally impossible. The material is then changed to glass, and it would be assembled horizontally like typical bricks. This distorts the view inward and outward, therefore achieving the translucent quality. Due to the complicated shape, I split my structure into 8 sections as shown above. Each glass then, cut to a particular shape, is then stacked on top of each other as shown in the diagram on the left. The seats are also parts of these stacks, so that it feels somehow as it is carved from the interior wall.

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process


“what’s inside? i can only silhouettes” process

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“let’s go in, it’s windy”

“i know those people walking outside””

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presentation


“that guy accross the room is talented� process

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original works

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03 Chair and figure


Chair and figure

In this group project, the aim is to study the human figure and its proportion by using a chair as an object of study. We were split into a group of three. The chair that my group observed and measure is Marcel Breuer’s Wassily Chair. It is a chair designed in the Bauhaus era, resulting in its industrial look and easy construction. Breuer was inspired by Adler bicycle when designing the chair. As a result, the main construction frame consists of long steel tubes that resembles a bike frame. But the main inspiration behind the chair is a reduction of a traditional club chair to only its elemental lines and planes. He also adds an element of flexibility by using fabric for the arm rest and the seat. However, when the design license was handed over to Gavina, the fabric was then changed to leather for durability purpose. By studying the chair, I understand more about how the human body works in sitting position, what is considered as a comfortable seat based on the proportion, and it led to a consideration in designing a building; how the human proportion needs to be considered so the inhabitants feel comfortable.

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"exploring the human figure and its proportion"


“industrial feel� Looking at the chair, it is clear that the chair is designed to look and feel industrial. The shiny steel tube construction combined with exposed bolts really makes the chair feel mass produced and factory made. However, it is balanced with the leather straps that gives a slight craftmenship feel.

process

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Measurements

“a flawed design” After siting on the chair, our group concluded that the chair is uncomfortable. Further investigation on the chair’s proportion using Le Corbusier’s Le Modulor reveals that the reason is because it is too low. The standard height for a seat according to Le Corbusier is 430mm. However, the Wassily Chair is only 365mm at its highest point and 275mm at its lowest point, making it uncomfortable to sit down and get up from.

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process


POster output

For the final poster, our group decided to split the chair into 3 parts in a way so that each of us got to draw an interesting aspect of the chair. The main focus was to show the industrial feel and how human would sit on the chair.

1:5 presentation

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individual section (1:3)

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presentation


04 come on in


Come on in

In this group project the aim is to understand a building by making the model of the building using limited information. My group, consisted of 4 people, were assigned for Villa Muller by Adolf Loos. Designed for the Muller Family, this house needed to fit 2 adults and 2 children, with additional house workers. Loos’ approach on the brief was to build the house tailored to each individual’s needs. For example, as Mr. Muller likes to read, he designed a small library in the house. Interestingly, Loos designed the library next to the Boudouir, where Mrs. Muller would dress up and put on her make up, so the married couple could do their own activities while being next to each other. However, the most interesting part about the house is the fact that Loos programmed the circulation for the whole house, and this effect how he planned the location of his rooms. As a result, there are many level changes in the house with two staircases; one for the family, and one for the workers. Due to this level changes, it is difficult to go from one room to the other without using a staircase. This makes the house feels like a maze, tailor made for the family.

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"reading and modelling a building"


“it’s a white block”

“it’s a house”

It is a unique structure. Small yellow openings on clean white walls creates a structure like it is from the future. It might look regular from the outside, but it is not what this house is about.

Still looks pretty regular. The small windows make the room seems dark. But going around the house takes ages. So many stairs and level changes.

process

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Ground Floor Section C Scheme

“no, it’s a maze” After studying the plans, it all makes sense. It’s a building with a specific route, from the bottom to the top. Still hard to read, and might be ineffective, but it’s interesting to see how the architect did his job. Now i understand, it’s a building that is programmed specifically for each of its inhabitants.

Plan (online courtesy)

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process

Section C Plan (1:50)


Final Model

presentation

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Section C-D

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presentation


end?


ARC 1001 Academic Portfolio 2016/17


05 NON-DESIGN coursework


feedback sheets

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feedback sheets

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Arc1013 : Intervention Structure

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Arc1014 : Daylight Analysis

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Arc1015 : Durham Cathedral Essay

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Arc1015 : Richard Rogers Essay

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process


Arc1016 : MEASURED DRAWING

process

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Arc1016 : task booklet

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Arc1016 : UNBUILT/LOST ARCHITECTURE

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Tobias Evan Himawan 160012875

ARC 1001 Academic Portfolio 2016/17

thank you.


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