Arts and Culture in Helsinki

Page 1

CULTURE

IN

P A G E

Arts

S

City of Helsinki

13

and

C

ARTS

Total of subsidies for cultural events and projects in the city disâ‚Ź. The total of all cultural and library committee was

I

PB

AND

HELSINKI U

PAGE


1980

Johan Simelius: Ilta Pohjoisrannassa 1999 Karelia-Puhallinorkesteri (&Kai Lind): Helsingfors-vals 1999 Ismo Alanko Säätiö: Piste 1996 Leskinen : Oulunkylä - Åggelby 1998 Kalle Kalima (&Kalima Trio): Kontula 2001 Sir Elwoodin Hiljaiset Värit: Torkkelinmäki 1979 Pelle Miljoona & 1980: Helsinki 1972 Hurja joukko: Tämä on tarina tavallisesta talosta 2002 Tapani Kansa: Luotan auringon voimaan 1999 Kid Ramos: Helsinki laundromat blues 1999 Giant Robot: Helsinki rock city 1997 Strangers: Kolmonen ja mä 1980 Problems?: Maanantaina 2001 Riki Sorsa: Muistan sinut Helsinki 2001 Markku Juhani: Helsingistä Korvatunturiin 1999 Kai Lind (&Erik Lindströmin studioyhtye): Helsinki calling 1999 Anssi Känsälä: 3T 2005 Notkea Rotta: Idän pikamuna 2002 Keuhkot: Helsingin jätevedet 1955 Maynie Siren: Kun syksy saapuu Helsinkiin 1980 Leevi and the Leavings: Hevosella Helsinkiin 1988 Russell Beesley: Helsinki girls 2005 Teuvo Loman: Helsinki City Boy 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm: Helsingforsvandring 1980 Maukka Perusjätkä: Meidän Stadi 1996 Kaj Chydenius: Kai ne sai 1952 Olavi Virta: Rööperin Raija 2006 Markku Lepistö: Helsinki 1988 Eero Koivistoinen: Liekkihotellin linja 1911 Iivari Kainulainen: Heikki kun tuli Helsinkiin 2003 Niko Ahvonen (& Cortina Jets): Aavekaupunki 2004 Teleks: Helsingin edustalla 1980 Lama: Nimetön 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm: Natt i Tölö 2005 Notkea Rotta: Itä meidän 2003 Sanna Pietiäinen: Ihanaa elämää 1995 Helsinki Mandoliners: Jakomäkivalssi 1995 Seireenit: Oulusta Olariin 1976 Danny: Kuusamo 2007 Suomen Miesorkesteri: Voi sitä aikaa 2003 Esa Rautiainen: Sinivalkoiset laivat 1952 Georg Malmsten: Stadin kundi 2000 Memmy Posse: Katu-uskottomuus 1996 Pieni Kivi: Helsingin henki 2004 Elastinen: Bäkkiin Stadiin 1905 Helsingin torvisoittokunta: Helsingin polkupyöräklubin marssi 1974 Hector: Ake, Make, Pera ja mä 1999 Sir Elwoodin Hiljaiset Värit: Kollikissa 2007 Arto Rinne: Helsinki nukkuu 1999 Harry Stenfors & Sofia Finnilä: Hem igen till Gamla-Eira 2002 Notkea Rotta: Putsit pönttöön, slurkit tulee 1994 Antero Launis: Terveiset Helsingistä 1990 Ismo Alanko: Tuupovaara-Helsinki 1999 Liisa Hyttinen (&Kiitos-kuoro, Carissim-yhtye): Jerusalem 3000 2004 Scandinavian Music Group: Helsinkiin 1999 Kirsi Tiihonen: Helsinki rhapsody 1976 Juha Vainio Watt: Kappeliin Kappeliin 1999 Swinging Brothers: Helsinki, Helsinki 1993 Eija Ahvo: Kelluva kaupunki (=Den Flytande staden) 1979 Sinikka Sokka / KOM-teatteri: Minä kaipaan Espalle takaisin 1928 Tatu Pekkarinen: Helsingin heila muistelee Iivanaa 1999 Harry Stenfors: Hesakunde berättar, En 1991 Sir Elwoodin Hiljaiset Värit: Karhubaari 1967 Lasse Mårtenson: Mä lähden Stadiin 2007 Mikko Kuustonen: Hietaniemi 2003 Plektronite: Puistolan paavin parempi sottiisi 1965 M.A. Numminen: Viiskulmassa on viisi kulmaa 2007 Suomen Miesorkesteri: Hakaniemen mustin naakka 2007 Suomen Miesorkesteri: Keväällä Viikkiin 1993 Vilperin Perikunta: Turkulainen Helsingis 1929 Nils Ekman & Wilhelm: Helsingin VPK:n lentävän osaston marssi 1966 M.A. Numminen: Naiseni kanssa eduskuntatalon SONGS puistossa 1976 Kai Lind: Helsingin sydän 1999 Mikko Alatalo: Henkka häipyi Helsinkiin 1985 Äksy Koni: Liepeillä ABOUT Helsinki 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm: Det den där, är den inte riktig 2004 Iina: Helsingin taivaan alla 1987 Clifters: HELSINKI Hyvä bore 1979 Jussi & the Boys: Mani hani 2004 Rock-yhtye Kenonen: Kaveria jeesataan 1994 Soittavat Saarat: (year, Käpylän poikain viinapolkka 2001 Karl-Gustav Backholm: Keväinen Helsinki (=Helsingfors om våren) 1996 Hannu performer, Leiden: Helsingin yöt 1972 Hurja joukko: Me kaikki asutaan tässä 2002 Kapasiteettiyksikkö (feat. Hector): Tää on mun title) Stadi 1990 Pertti Palo: Ravintola balladi 1973 HJK:n edustusjoukkue: Hoo-Jii-Koo 1947 Henry Theel: Helsinkiin, Helsinkiin 2004 Steen1: Veri vetää itään 2004 Memmy Posse: Saatana saapuu Helsinkiin 1937 Helsingin suojeluskuntapiirin soittokunta: Helsingin ikämies sk:n kunniamarssi 2004 Hannu Rantanen: Folkvisa från Villagatan 1999 Jussi Raittinen & Erik Lindströmin: Stadin kesis 1980 Katri Helena: Helsingin helle 1934 Matti Jurva: Hiekkarannalla 1999 Don Johnson Big Band: Helsinki cadenza 2000 Tampere: Kaivopuisto 1999 Maria Salo: Neito 1991 Sir Elwoodin Hiljaiset Värit: Kirje Osloon 1987 Clifters: Tyhjä arpa 1999 Sir Elwoodin Hiljaiset Värit: Maailman kaunein maalaistyttö 1999 YUP: Lihavia luurankoja 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm: Hem till kära Helsingfors 1995 Revolver: Kesähelteinen 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm: O du sköna Helsingfors 2002 Lore Brunner: Wenn die alte Frau Saari 2004 Rock-yhtye Kenonen: Pakko flaidaa 1999 Memmy Posse: Just cruisin´ 2002 Spontaani Vire: Kamelilla Pitäjänmäkeen 1986 Ne Luumäet: Hiekkaa Hietarannan 1992 Heikki Valpola: Neiti Helsinki 2002 Mamba: Helsinki ei kuulu kellekään 1972 Erik Lindström orkesteri: Helsinki 1915 IIvari Kainulainen: Laulu Elannosta 1947 Henry Theel: Helsinkiin, Helsinkiin 1993 Vesa Ruuska: Aamulla Helsingissä 1999 Geoff White: Kantele serd 1992 Lapinlahden Linnut: Kalliossa 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm Trio: Spring in Helsinki 1987 Korkkijalka: Moving North 2001 Armatsalo Liikkeellä: Tervetuloa Helsinkiin 1970 Danny: Tuulensuojaan 2005 Notkea Rotta: Idän hampaat 1995 Jari Sillanpää: PariisiHelsinki 2000 Hertta Tynkkynen: Pihlajaveden siian Helsingin matka runo 1974 Vanha Isäntä: Onkimiehen blues 2004 Rock-yhtye Kenonen: Kossuu boltsiin 1992 Timo Kiiskinen: Helsingin taivaan alla 1990 Leevi and the Leavings: Kaivopuiston kuristaja 1999 Kai Lind & Erik Lindströmin Yhtye: Liituraitarigi 1991 Sepi Kumpulainen: Kulttuuri saapui tänne Helsinkiin 1912 Jean Sibelius (säv.): Kellosävel Kallion kirkossa op. 65b 1987 Clifters: Kuningas 1994 Äffät: Sörkaan päin 2004 Rock-yhtye Kenonen: Biitsillä Stadin 2000 Arto Muna & Millennium: Viikonlopuksi Helsinkiin 1965 Christian Schwindt kvintetti: Helsinki at noon 1997 Maukka Perusjätkä: I love my partner (=Säpinää) 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm: Summer in Helsinki 2003 Nuoret Metsänvartijat: Mahtavaa 1996 Kaj Chydenius: Tarjoilija Nuutinen 2002 Niki’s Four Jazzmen: Tapanila station 1999 Ari Mannelin: Vallilan rapsodia 2004 At Junkmail: Pasilan galleria 1940 Matti Jurva: Helsinki laulaa 1998 Juice Leskinen: Suoraan Helsingistä 2003 Oomi vs. Lauri & Eino feat. Siiri: Laulu kaupungin puista 1966 Laila Kinnunen: Muistojen Bulevardi 2002 Sakilaiset: Ku kesis o 1979 Maukka Perusjätkä: Säpinää 1987 Mikko Perkoila: Viimeinen olut asemaravintolassa 1970 Eddie Boyd: Praise to Helsinki 1981 Harri Saksala: Tapulikaupunkiin 1999 Asko Pollari (&Kiitos-kuoro, Carissim-yhtye): Kiittäkää Herraa 1999 Ultra Bra: Musta, niljaisten lehtien kaupunki 1979 Problems?: Tahdomme tilaa 2004 Rock-yhtye Kenonen: Espa rulaa 2003 Konala Cartelli: Jäähyväiset Konalalle 2005 Tuure Kilpeläinen: Rakkautta Ruttopuistossa 1986 Heinäsirkka: Helsingin yöt 1972 Kai Lind: Muistot vievät Helsinkiin 1967 Lauri Komulainen & Salme Laaksonen & Litja,: Helsinki 2000 Kalle Ahola: Leijat Helsingin yllä 1999 YUP: Lihavia luurankoja 1986 Vesa Enne (& Klubijunnut): Klubi kasvattaa 2005 Olavi Uusivirta: Punavuori-blues 1986 Edu Kettunen: Helsinki 2008 Egotrippi: Kauppatori 1995 Lönnfors: Kirje Stadiin 2003 Jere Ijäs: Helsinki 2004 Rock-yhtye Kenonen: Milloin dokaan


C O N T E N T S Foreword 2 Culture in city districts 4 Arts and culture for wellbeing

8

Festivals 12 Music 14 Visual arts

22

Cinema & media

30

Games 32 Theatre, dance & circus 34 Design & cultural heritage

36

Education 38 Library 42 Residents’ opinions

48

Financing 50


F O R E -

L E A D E R S H I P   O F

REQUIRES INFORMATION  The City of Helsinki Strategy Programme 2013–2016 states the vision that Helsinki is a ‘community for all its residents and a capital with good services, open decision-making processes and flourishing science, art and creativity’. In an age of big data, it is only too easy to allow oneself to be immersed in the background noise of the information overflow, and increasingly difficult to locate strategically significant knowledge. On the other hand, the possibility to ‘mine’ the various data reserves and make new discoveries by combining different infor­mation sources can be as addictive as digging for gold was in the past. A rich source of data is Helsinki Region Infoshare, the open data service offering a wealth of open public data resources about the city and the region for free use by citizens, experts and enterprises. Open, up-to-date and comprehensive information and knowledge is not useful unless we utilise it to strive towards clearly defined goals and objectives. New information enables us to reflect on and rethink our goals when necessary. The cultural policy of the City of Helsinki has the overarching aim to increase the residents’ wellbeing and foster their sense of citizenship, as well as the vitality of the city, by means of arts and culture. A key asset is our highly competent cultural staff whose expertise is constantly updated by the latest essential and refined information about arts and culture. This information must be in a format that makes it easy to grasp and strategically utilisable. The dynamism and vibrancy of Helsinki, as outlined in the Strategy Programme, refers not only to international recognition, attractiveness and a business-friendly attitude, but also to the


W O R D

C U L T U R E

AND GOALS development of Helsinki’s distinctive urban culture. Culture provides enjoyment, quality of life, jobs and opportunities for participation, but it is also one of the sources of the city’s attractiveness. The Cultural Policy Division of the City of Helsinki cultural administration is in constant dialogue with the community of cultural policy researchers, and here it receives strong support from City of Helsinki Urban Facts. The close interaction with the artists and cultural actors subsidised by the City also serves to accumulate understanding and insight. City of Helsinki Urban Facts has issued thematic statistics on arts and culture approximately at five-year intervals. This statistical publication is preceded by similar volumes issued in 1995, 1999, 2004 and 2008. Compared to its predecessors, the present volume puts more focus on the data and information base underlying cultural statistics. Information designers have contributed to the visualisation of the statistics presented in this publication. The accumulative wisdom obtained from all the information and objectives should be available to guide us in every customer encounter or strategic decision. To make this happen is a challenge for the managers and directors. Precise and correct information helps us proceed towards the goals which we have determined.

Helsinki, November 2014 City of Helsinki Urban Facts

City of Helsinki Cultural Office

Asta Manninen

Stuba Nikula

Director

Cultural Director


P A G E

4

SECTION:

C U LT U R E   I N   C I T Y   D I S T R I C T S

C U LT U R E I N Cultural

Maununneva

la

Veräjälaakso

sis

Kyläsaari Vallila

Taka-Töölö

AY

Kluuvi

Etu-Töölö Lapinlahti

KaartinKamppi kaupunki

Ruoholahti

Jätkäsaari Vattuniemi

Kruununhaka Katajanokka

Punavuori Ullanlinna KaivoEira puisto

sa ari

Kotkavuori

Suvilahti

ne

Myllykallio

Kalasatama

He r

Koivusaari

Hermanninranta

Alppila Harju TorkLinjat kelinmäki Siltasaari

LW RAI

Ku Lehtisaari

Meilahti

i

r aa

Arabianranta

an i m äk er H inm n

Laakso

ItäPasila Kumpula

Tou kola

Vanha RuskeaLänsisuo Pasila

Vanhakaupunki

Käpylä

PohjoisPasila

So m saa pari

Vanha Munkkiniemi

hak a Kivi

Munkkivuori

Koskela

nvuo ri

Talinranta

Veräjämäki

Vilho

rtti

EteläHaaga

la

City of Helsinki Service Map, www.hel.fi/palvelukartta; City of Helsinki Cultural Office

Maunulanpuisto

Valimo

Tali

u

sources:

Patola Maunula

PohjoisHaaga

Ma

Pajamäki

City of Helsinki The cultural and recreational venues administered by the City of Helsinki are located in different parts of the city. In addition to the spaces maintained by the city, several associations and organisations maintain spaces for cultural and recreational purposes, often financially supported by the city.

Pukinmä

Metsälä

la

Keski-Pasi

by the

im Re

Pirkkola

Lassila

en em i Ni mäk

Itä-Pakila Länsi-Pakila

Kannelmäki

ar

maintained

Paloheinä

Malminkartano

P

spaces

Tuomarinkartano

Hakuninmaa

Konala

Tapanin

Torpparinmäki

Honkasuo

Pikku Huopalahti

and recreational

Haltiala Kuninkaantammi

Suomenlin


P A G E

Arts

5

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

CITY DISTRICTS Puroniitty

Tapulikaupunki

Siltamäki

Töyrynummi

nvaino

Tapanila

Ylä-Malmi

Tattarisuo

Jakomäki

Östersundom

Malmin lentokenttä

Ala-Malmi

äki

Landbo

Heikinlaakso

Puistola

Karhusaari rju

iha

r tta Ta

Kivikko

Salmenkallio

Kontula

st

aji

hl

Pi

Pihlajamäki

Mellunmäki

Kurkimäki

o

Latokartano

Viikin tiedepuisto

Mustavuori Niinisaari Vartioharju

Myllypuro Viikinranta

Keski-Vuosaari

rju

a nh

il ot Pu

Roihupelto He r yr tton ity ie sa me lue n

-

Herttoniemenranta

TRO

Kulosaari

Nordsjön kartano

Puotila

Itäkeskus

LänsiHerttoniemi

ME

Talosaari

Vesala

Rastila Aurinkolahti

Marjaniemi Roihuvuori

Uutela

Meri-Rastila

Kallahti

Tammisalo Vartiosaari

Tullisaari Kruunuvuorenranta

Yliskylä

Cultural centre Hevossalmi

Jollas

Library Main location of Adult Education Centre

Villinki

Youth centre focused on culture Santahamina

Built areas

nna

Green areas, parks 0

1

2 km


P A G E

6

SECTION:

C U LT U R E   I N   C I T Y   D I S T R I C T S

Since the mid-1980s a network of cultural centres has been built in Helsinki. The cultural centres are administrated by the Cultural Office except Vuosaari House (Vuotalo), which is administrated by the City Library.

Founded

Venues

Specialisation

Stoa, Cultural Centre of Eastern Helsinki

1984

Two performing spaces (240 and 74 seats), exhibition space, conference room

Contemporary dance and children’s culture

Annantalo Arts Centre

1987

Teaching rooms, performing space (80 seats), exhibition space, auditorium (50 seats)

Children’s culture

Savoy Theatre and the Espa Stage

1987

performing space (735 seats)

Visiting theatre and world music

Kanneltalo, Cultural Centre of Western Helsinki

1992

performing space (229 seats), exhibition space

Popular and world music, classical music

Malmi House, Cultural 1994 Centre of North and Northeast Helsinki

Two performing spaces (200 and 60–120 seats), exhibition space, conference room

Popular and world music, films

International Cultural Centre Caisa

1996

performing space (170 seats), conference room, computer room, exhibition space

Multiculturalism

Vuosaari House, Cultural Centre of Eastern Helsinki

2001

Performing space (320 seats), training room, exhibition space

Children’s culture, films and multiculturalism

source:

City of Helsinki Cultural Office


Arts

P A G E

7

and

Culture

Visitors at cultural centres 2013: 0

10,000

Helsinki

Events | Exhibitions

20,000

Annantalo Arts Centre

in

30,000

0

10,000

20,000

30,000

40,000

Total visitors in events: 189,036

International Cultural Centre Caisa

Total visitors in exhibitions: 208,649

Kanneltalo Stoa Vuosaari House Malmi House Savoy Theatre City of Helsinki Cultural Office  source:

0

10,000

20,000

30,000

Local cultural events and projects 2013 subsidized by the Cultural and Library Committee*

40,000

50,000

60,000

SUUTARILA PUISTOLA

TUOMARINKYLÄ

ÖSTERSUNDOM

ITÄPAKILA PUKINMÄKI LÄNSIPAKILA

KAARELA

MELLUNKYLÄ

OULUNKYLÄ

PITÄJÄNMÄKI

MAUNULA

LATOKARTANO

HAAGA

MUNKKINIEMI

JAKOMÄKI

MALMI

MYLLYPURO VARTIOKYLÄ PASILA

VANHAKAUPUNKI VALLILA

HERTTONIEMI

Subsidies per capita for events and projects

REIJOLA

*  Local cultural events and projects 2013, total 268,000 € City of Helsinki Cultural Office  source:

ALPPIHARJU KALLIO TAKA-TÖÖLÖ KAMPINMALMI LAUTTASAARI

KULOSAARI

More than average

VIRONNIEMI

Average LAAJASALO

ULLANLINNA

VUOSAARI

Less than average No subsidies Event locations Mean 0.27 €/per capita Total number of events and projects = 133


P A G E

8

SECTION:

A R T S A N D C U LT U R E F O R W E L L B E I N G

ARTS AND C U LT U R E FOR WELLBEING Conceptions

of cultural impacts

in Helsinki

In Helsinki art and culture is seen to have a broad impact on the city. Art and culture is a means to promote wellbeing, social inclusion and citizenship. Art and culture is also important in vitalizing cities and local economies and making urban areas more creative and attractive.


Arts

P A G E

9

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

INDIVIDUAL Meaningfulness and experiences Understanding and methods for processing conflicting emotions

Awareness of identities and building blocks for citizenship The possibility to leave a mark and distinguish oneself

Creating something new and a breeding ground for innovation

Enjoyment and experiences of success and beauty

Communication skills and encounters

An urban environment full of life, stimulation and ideas

Knowledge and self-fulfillment

The possibility for promoting common goals

Workplace wellbeing

stories

knowledge and active

attractiveness

WELLBEING and values

CITIZENSHIP engagement

VITALITY and creativity

Diverse promotion of health and wellbeing

Social capital and a way to develop a tolerant, open and understanding society

A culturally rich, attractive city and residential areas

Innovative methods and services for the welfare sector New educational and learning surroundings

A way to solve conflicts and present social criticism

Support for the creative sectors and new operating methods for various sectors

Strengthen local communities and support a society with multiple communities and diverse lifestyle

Reuse of vacant premises and recycling of raw materials

SOCIETY

 source: 

City of Helsinki Cultural Office


P A G E

10

SECTION:

A R T S A N D C U LT U R E F O R W E L L B E I N G

Inclusion in service planning

Examples

of inclusion

in City

cultural services

 source: 

City of Helsinki Cultural Office

Helsinki City Library: The general public has had a possibility to participate in the planning of the content and operations of the new Helsinki Central Library (2017). Helsinki City Museum: The museum has a customer panel where everyone can take part in planning the renewed City Museum 2016.

City of Helsinki Youth Department: The department encourages youth to participate in the planning and decision-making that concerns young people. The department has a network of young people taking part in participatory budgeting and gathering ideas for activities.


Arts

P A G E

11

and

Culture

in

Inclusion in service

Inclusion in service

implementation

assessment

Helsinki City Library: The Library gathers suggestions from the residents when purchasing new material (e.g. foreign language literature).

All cultural departments: All of them regularly gather customer feedback and conduct customer satisfaction surveys.

Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra: The orchestra streams live concerts on a website.

Helsinki City Museum: Parts of exhibitions and publications are compiled from material obtained from residents

City of Helsinki Cultural Office: The office gives out grants for cultural events and projects arranged by the city residents.

Helsinki

Helsinki Art Museum: Citizens can report vandalism of public art online to the Art Museum.


P A G E

12

SECTION:

F E S T I VA L S

F E S T I V A

JANUARY

FEBRUARY

Arts Performing arts

MARCH

APRIL

1/3 Helsinki Burlesque Festival 2013

in 2013

JUNE

22/4 Ruutia Festival

6/4 Performing Art Market Festival

and culture festivals

MAY

1 6/6

5/4 Fashion Film Festival 2013

19/4 Animatricks Festival 1 21/3 Loikka Dance Film Festival 11/4 Night Visions 9/5 Helsinki African Film Film Festival

Cinema 22/1 DocPoint – Helsinki Documentary Film Festival

12/2 Kino February

14/3 Helsinki Cine Asia

18/4 KynnysKINO – Disability Film Festiv

5/4 Artisokka Film Festival

The City of Helsinki Culture and Library Committee subsidized 41 festivals in other themes than music in 2013. There are also privately funded festivals including the Helsinki Comics Festival and the Helsinki Photography Biennial. The most common theme of festivals subsidized by the City is cinema, with a total of 14 festivals. Autumn was the most popular time of the year with 14 festivals.  source:

Other arts & culture festivals

10/5 Kallio Blooms

Average daily visitors at all festivals 40,000

30,000

20,000

10,000

Festivals

Music festivals 0

FEBRUARY

7/6 Car

30/4 We Love Helsinki Urban Fe

City of Helsinki Cultural Office

JANUARY

16/5 Pixelache

MARCH

APRIL

MAY


P A G E

Arts

13

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

L S JULY

AUGUST

SEPTEMBER

OCTOBER

NOVEMBER

13/11 Baltic Circle International Theatre Festival

22/8 Bear Island Theatre Festival

10/6 XI Les Lumiéres Festival Kaktus – Contemporary Dance Festival

DECEMBER

26/9 Asia in Helsinki Festival 14/10 5-3-1 Festival of New Juggling

14/8 Stage Festival

1/11 Moving in November

Visual arts & design

12/9 Helsinki Design Week 25/10 Estomania Festival

11/6 DR.JEFF Performance Festival 19/9 Helsinki International Film Festival – Love and Anarchy

Festival

12/11 Helsinki Short Film Festival

16/10 Cinemaissí Film Festival

val

6 Helsinki Samba rnaval 2013

19/11 Lens Politica Film and Media Art Festival 6/9 Helsinki Comics Festival 5/7 Finncon 2013

5/10 Wärk – Do It Yourself Culture Festival

2/8 Urb festival 7/7 Skidit – Children’s Culture Festival

15/11 Kallio Sparks

22/8 Poetry Moon Literary Festival 5/9 Uprooted Fake Nations

7/11 W/ord – Poetry Festival

estival

The height of each symbol represents average daily visitors; the width the duration of the festival

20,000 daily visitors 10,000 5,000 1,000

Duration: two days

JULY

AUGUST

SEPTEMBER

OCTOBER

NOVEMBER

DECEMBER


P A G E

14

SECTION:

M

JANUARY

Music

U FEBRUARY

Rock, blues, metal

festivals

MUSIC

by genre

in 2013

S

MARCH

APRIL

MAY

JUNE

6/3 Viapori Winter Blues Festival

Pop music 8/2 Musica nova Helsinki

5/4 Stompin’ at the Savoy

15/3 TusovkaRock Festival

Classical music, church music, contemporary music

In 2013, 33 music festivals received grants from the City of Helsinki Culture and Library Committee. The music festivals cover a wide range of genres, including popular music, classical music, folk music etc. Most of the festivals were held in the summertime. Helsinki Festival was the largest music festival measured by audience and variety of music genres.

I

24/4 Kirkko soikoon Church Music Fe

Electronic music, rhythmic music Folk music, world music, tango

2/6 Hel

24/5 Wildlife H

25/5 World V

sources:  Arts

and Culture Survey of Helsinki (Keskinen & Kotro 2014). See pages 48; City of Helsinki Cultural Office

Several genres

17/5 Do-it-yourself


P A G E

Arts

15

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

C JULY

AUGUST

SEPTEMBER

OCTOBER

NOVEMBER

DECEMBER

14/11 3rd Helsinki Universal Guitar Festival

28/6 Tuska Open Air Metal Festival 7/7 Kalliola Rock 2013

29/6 Pax 13

28/7 Pitkä Kuuma Kesä 2013 concert

5/7 Kuudes Aisti 2013

7/8 Kamarikesä Music and Art Festival

estival

lsingin Organ Summer 2013 Festival

15/10 Nordic Music Days 2013

21/9 II Era of Autonomy Festival

6/7 Alppimuisto 2013 - Free Open Air

Helsinki 2013 28/6 Bassline Festival 20/7 Elephantasy

Village Festival

5/8 Etno-Espa 2013 10/7 Seurasaari Soi! Folk Music Festival

24/8 Music Station Festival

26/7 Alegría Festival

19/11 Helsinki Tango Week 30/10 Helsinki Klezmer Festival

21/7 Puistokarkelot ’13 Festival

6/11 Etnosoi! Festival

24/8 KontuFest 2013

7/8 Flow Festival 16/8 Helsinki Festival

The height of each symbol represents average daily visitors; the width the duration of the festival

40,000 daily visitors 20,000 10,000 5,000 1,000

30/6 Vadelma Fest 2013

f festival series 27/7 Elmu Folkfestival 2013 Duration: two days


P A G E

16

SECTION:

MUSIC

The most performed composers by the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra from 1882 to 2012. Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra open data / Helsinki Region Infoshare  source: 

1880s

1890

1900

1910

1920

1890

1900

1910

1920

composer

J. Sibelius R. Wagner L. van Beethoven P.I. Tchaikovsky W.A. Mozart J. Strauss J.S. Bach J. Brahms E. Grieg F. Liszt

1882: 996 800

Total number of works performed per year

600 400 200 0 1880s


P A G E

Arts

17

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

Composer’s share of all works performed

1930

1940

1950

1960

30% 1970

1980

1990

2000s Total works performed 1882–2012:

20% 10%

4,569 1,676 1,536 1,477 1,363 1,031 827 817 747 651

2012: 758

1950: 141

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000s


P A G E

18

SECTION:

Visited pop, jazz or rock concerts or a classical music concerts during the past 12 months by age group source:  Vesa

MUSIC

Pop, jazz or rock consert

Age group

Keskinen / City of Helsinki Urban Facts

Concerts of classical music, opera

65–79

The Arts and Culture Survey of Helsinki carried out in the autumn of 2013 confirms an observation already made in the 1990s: listening to rock music is related to both one’s particular generation and age.

55–64 40–54 30–39 14–29 0

20

40

60

80 %

The audience of popular music concerts at the stadiums and of classical music concerts in Helsinki. source:  Statistics

Finland, Association of Finnish Symphony Orchestras Total audience 250,000

No concerts at the Olympic Stadium due to Athletics World Championships

200,000

Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra

Other orchestras

Helsinki Ice Stadium

150,000

100,000

Classical music concerts

Popular music concerts at the stadiums

Olympic Stadium

Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra

Hartwall Arena

National Opera

50,000

0 1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

2013 / 2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012


Arts

P A G E

19

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

Music events by genre during one weekend in Helsinki 2014; 168 events altogether.

Club music

0%

10%

20%

30%

Rock, pop Classical music Church/gospel music Blues, jazz, R&B, soul Popular music Choral music Hip-hop, punk, rap Children’s music Lounge music, background music Other genres Percentage of all musical events during the weekend:

weekend average on Friday on Saturday on Sunday

Music events in Helsinki on a spring weekend 2004–2014 Events 150

weekend total

100

50

on Saturday

on Friday

on Sunday  source:

City of Helsinki Urban Facts

0 16/4–18/4 2004

17/3–19/3 2006

16/3–18/3 2007

14/3–16/3 2008

12/3–14/3 2010

14/3–16/3 2014


P A G E

1840s

1860

1880

20 1900

SECTION:

1920

Choirs in Helsinki by the year of establishment source:  Sulasol, The

Finnish Amateur Musicians’ Association

Male choir Female choir Mixed choir Children’s choir

1940

1960

MUSIC

1980

2000s

Year of establishment 1838 1878 1883 1884 1893 1897 1900 1908 1913 1914

Akademiska Sångföreningen Mieskuoro Muntra Musikanter Ylioppilaskunnan Laulajat Helsingin Työväen Sekakuoro Helsingin NMKY:n sekakuoro Viipurin Lauluveikot Suomen Laulu Kansallis-Kuoro Kilven Kuoro Laulu-miehet

1915 1920 1929 1930 1931 1932 1938 1942 1943 1944

Mestari-Laulajat Helsingin Työväen naiskuoro Elegia Hämäläis-Osakunnan Laulajat Wiipurilaisen Osakunnan Laulajat Eteläsuomalaisen Osakunnan Laulajat Savolaisen Osakunnan Laulajat Helsingin NMKY:n mieskuoro Helsingin Faktorilaulajat Helsingin Poliisilaulajat Sairaanhoitajalaulajat

1946 1949 1949 1951 1952 1952 1952 1953 1962 1963

Akademiska damkören Lyran Kauppakorkeakoulun Ylioppilaskunnan Laulajat Naiskuoro Femail Singers Helsingin Laulu Koiton Laulu Sekakuoro Vox Urbana Cantores Minores -poikakuoro Akateeminen Laulu Pohjalaisten Osakuntien Laulajat Helsingin kamarikuoro (ent. Radion kamarikuoro)

1965 1967 1968 1971 1972 1974 1975 1978 1978 1981

Arjen Laulu Safarikuoro Jubilate sekakuoro Walentinakören Cantabile Furahakören Kamarikuoro Kontrapunkti Discantus Puotin Laulu Insinöörilaulajat

1981 1981 1984 1985 1985 1990 1991 1991 1991 1991

Kauppakorkeakoulun Ylioppilaskunnan Naislaulajat Helsingin Kannelkuoro Philomela Pihlajanmarjat-kuoro Lauluyhtye Bulevardin Taxi Kamarikuoro Kampin Laulu Könsikkäät Talla Grex Musicus Ring Ensemble

1992 1992 1992 1993 1994 1994 1995 1996 1996 1997

Verbi Dei Sono Elävät kivet -kuoro Suomen Kodály-kuoro Lumen Valo Kaaderilaulajat Helsingin yliopiston musiikkiseuran kamarikuoro Metsoforte Akateeminen mieskuoro Psaldo Lauluyhtye Akateeminen Kvartti Hiljaa Ensemble

1997 1997 2000 2000 2003 2007 2007 2010 2013

Rajaton Sekakuoro Procantus Helsingin Suomalaisen Klubin kuoro Club for Five Naiskuoro Pihlaja Helsingin Lauluveljet Kaamos Kamarikuoro Manifestum Ahjo Ensemble


Helsinki in Culture and

21

P A G E

Arts

Flow Festival 2014

P H OTO : F LOW F E S T I VA L / N O O R A I S O E S K E L I


P A G E

22

SECTION:

VISUAL ARTS

V I S U A L   Beside the museums, visual arts are on free display in art galleries, which organise regular exhibitions. There are also other venues e.g. cafes, libraries, where exhibitions are less regularly organised. This amounts to a total of more than 200 spaces available for organising exhibitions. Each year, both the Finnish Painters’ Union and the Association of Finnish Printmakers organise a major sales exhibition. Public art is on view outdoors in various parts of the city and in public facilities owned by the City. The Helsinki Art Museum, which owns and acquires works of art, makes new public art acquisitions annually.

Art galleries, museums and public artwork in Helsinki city centre in 2013 Art galleries Art museums Public artworks, monuments and environmental art installed 1981–2013 Public artworks, monuments and environmental art installed 1980 or earlier source:  Helsinki

Art Museum, Helsingin Sanomat, Oma Kaupunki

CITY CENTRE

3 km


P A G E

Arts

23

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

A R T S •

L RAI

City centre

WAY

Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art

MET

RO

Ateneum Art Museum Kunsthalle Helsinki Tennis Palace Art Museum

• •

Amos Anderson Art Museum

Finnish Museum of Photography •

Sinebrychoff Art Museum

0

500

1,000 m


P A G E

24

SECTION:

VISUAL ARTS

Art galleries, museums and public artwork in Helsinki: overview Art galleries Art museums Public artworks, monuments and environmental art installed 1981–2013 Public artworks, monuments and environmental art installed 1980 or earlier

Haltiala Kuninkaantammi Honkasuo

source:  Helsinki

Art Museum, Helsingin Sanomat,

Oma Kaupunki

Tuomarinkartano

Hakuninmaa

Paloheinä

Malminkartano Maununneva Kannelmäki

Konala

Tapanin

Torpparinmäki

Itä-Pakila

Pukinmä

Patola

Veräjälaakso

Länsi-Pakila

P

la

AY

Vanhakaupunki

Käpylä

ItäPasila Kumpula

Tou kola

Pikku Huopalahti

Koskela

Arabianranta

Kyläsaari Vallila

Hermanninranta

an i m äk er H inm n

la

Keski-Pasi

en em i Ni mäk

Vattuniemi

es

aa

ri

Kotkavuori

So m saa pari

nvuo ri

Alppila KalaHarju satama Taka-Töölö TorkLinjat kelin- Suvimäki lahti Siltasaari Kluuvi KruuEtu-Töölö nunhaka Lapinlahti Kaartin- KatajaKamppi kaupunki nokka Ruoholahti Puna- Ullanvuori linna KaivoEira Jätkäsaari puisto Vilho

s

Myllykallio

Vanha Ruskeasuo LänsiPasila Laakso

Meilahti

ri

a isa

Koivusaari

PohjoisPasila

RA I LW

Munkkivuori

Vanha Munkkiniemi

hak a Kivi

EteläHaaga

Tali

u Ku Lehtisaari

Maunulanpuisto

Valimo

Veräjämäki

Metsälä

PohjoisHaaga

He rn

Pajamäki

Talinranta

About 200 of them belong to the collections of the Helsinki Art Museum. Outdoor visual arts also include works of art placed on the surfaces of electrical cabinets and authorised graffiti.

Maunula

rtti

a

im Re

Pirkkola

Lassila

rla

Ma

Since 1992, art has been placed in residential areas and public buildings on the basis of the “Percent for Art” principle. There are about 400 outdoor sculptures, pieces of environmental art, and historical monuments in the city.

Suomenlin


P A G E

Arts

25

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

Puroniitty Tapulikaupunki

Siltamäki Töyrynummi

nvaino

Tapanila

Ylä-Malmi

Tattarisuo

Jakomäki

Östersundom

Malmin lentokenttä

Ala-Malmi

äki

Landbo

Heikinlaakso

Puistola

Karhusaari rju

iha

r tta Ta

Kivikko

Salmenkallio

Kontula

st

aji

hl

Pi

Pihlajamäki

Mellunmäki

Kurkimäki

o

Latokartano

Viikin tiedepuisto

Mustavuori Niinisaari Vartioharju

Myllypuro Viikinranta

Keski-Vuosaari

rju

a nh

il ot Pu

Roihupelto He r yr tton ity ie sa me lue n

-

Herttoniemenranta

TRO

Kulosaari

Nordsjön kartano

Puotila

Itäkeskus

LänsiHerttoniemi

ME

Talosaari

Vesala

Rastila Aurinkolahti

Marjaniemi Roihuvuori

Uutela

Meri-Rastila

Kallahti

Tammisalo Vartiosaari

Tullisaari Kruunuvuorenranta

Yliskylä

Hevossalmi

Jollas Villinki

Santahamina

Built areas

nna

Green areas, parks 0

1

2 km


VISUAL ARTS

Art galleries and other exhibition spaces in Helsinki 2013

1084 EXHIBITIONS

336 EXHIBITIONS

Percentage of exhibitions held in galleries by gallery ownership %

ecaps rehtO

loohcs trA

137 OTHER EXHIBITION SPACES seirarbiL

renwo etavirP

90 ART GALLERIES

laicremmoc rehto fo noitcennoc nI

SECTION:

stnaruatser ,spohs eeffoC

tua cilbup rehto ro iknisleH fo ytiC

26 of ,noitaicossa s'tsitra ,noinu edarT

P A G E

Percentage of exhibitions held in other spaces by type of space %

Privately owned galleries 51%

Cafes, restaurants 17%

Libraries 23%

In connection with other commercial activity 30%

Other space 30%

Art school 6% City of Helsinki or other public authority 14%

Trade union, artists’ association, foundation etc. 29%  source:

Helsingin sanomat, Oma kaupunki

Artworks commissioned by the City of Helsinki according to percentage financing 1992–2012  source:

Source: Helsinki Art Museum

Artworks per year

Several projects were finished. Allowances to one project were divided between several artists.

20 15 10 5 0

1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012

Location of artwork School, academy Service centre, health centre, hospital Other public building Nursery school Open space 0

10

20

30

40

50 artworks


Arts

P A G E

27

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

800,000

Number of visitors at art museums in Helsinki 2000– 2012 National Board of Antiquities, www.museotilasto.fi

750,000

700,000

source:

650,000

600,000

550 000 550,000

500 000 500,000

State museums: Kiasma, Ateneum, Sinebrychoff

450 000 450,000

2009: Largest exhibition ever of works by Pablo Picasso in Finland

400,000

2004: Albert Edelfelt exhibition

350,000

300,000

2012: Carl Larsson

ARS 06 international exhibition of contemporary art

Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art 250,000

Ateneum Art Museum 200,000 Opened in 1999 150,000

Tennis Palace Art Museum 100,000

Helsinki Art Museum: Tennis Palace, Meilahti, Kluuvi Gallery

50,000

Amos Anderson Art Museum 0

Privately owned art museums 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012


P A G E

28

SECTION:

VISUAL ARTS

Tullikirjuri Street Art Wall

Street galleries, legal graffiti walls and Helsinki City Museum historical picture paths

Street gallery Legal graffiti wall or painting spot

Historical picture path

• Puistola

picture path

Jakomäki Street Art Wall

Östersundom Youth Centre

The Malmi Picture Path presents the Ylä-Malmi area. • •

Youth Activity Centre Luuppi • •

R

A

IL

W

A

Y

Pihlajamäki Youth Park

• •

Koskela Youth Centre

The Picture Path takes a peek into•the daily life and living environment of the people of Wooden Pasila from • the early 1900s to the 1980s.

• •

Arabianranta Street Art Wall •

The Kallio Picture Path familiarises the viewer with the ever-changing Helsingin-katu, starting from 1912.

Herttoniemi The Töölö Picture Path takes the viewer along Runeberginkatu from 1913 onwards.

Youth Activity Centre•Happi M

Kallio

• Museokatu

Kiasma Wall 2014 • • Growth/Degrowth street • galleries VIII- 2013

ETRO

Suvilahti Kalasatama Unioninakseli street gallery 6/6/2012–31/12/2015

The Katajanokka Picture Path takes the viewer through the •Street galleries: Helsingin taiteilijaseura, Helsingin Energia, district’s streets from the Helen sähköverkko Oy, Suomen Energia-urakointi; 1910s to the 1970s. •Picture paths: Helsinki City Museum, www.hel.fi/hel2/ kaumuseo/kuvapolut/index.html •Legal graffiti walls: www.supafly.net/maalauspaikat  sources:

The Herttoniemi Picture Path travels the streets of western Herttoniemi in the 1950s and 1960s.

Eerikinkatu

0

1

2 km


Arts

P A G E

29

and

in

Helsinki

Suvilahti graffiti wall

Östersundomin katutaidekuutio

Culture

PHOTO: MIKA HELIN


P A G E

30

SECTION:

CINEMA & MEDIA

CINEMA  &  Helsinki is a vibrant city of cinema. For instance, 2013 there was 14 film festivals in the city. In Finland, top ten film charts typically include many Finnish films. Although the number of cinemas and screens has decreased considerably in the last ten years, but going to cinema has not. Moreover, films are increasingly watched in home cinemas, and watching films over the Internet is becoming increasingly common. Video service providers offer high definition streaming at cheap monthly rates.

Use of the Internet for cultural pursuits in Helsinki 2013 (N=829) Arts and Culture Survey of Helsinki (Keskinen & Kotro 2014). See pages 48.  source:

Ordering tickets 78% Receiving and sharing information 66% on cultural events and artists Watching TV, films or series 62% Signing up for a course 51% Listening to music or down50% loading music or videos Buying arts, music, books etc. 36% Discussing culture (e.g. on Facebook) 36% Playing computer games 12% Sharing your own videos, music, 7% demos on the Internet In some other way 7% Had not used the internet 4% for cultural pursuits

0

25

50

75

100%


Arts

P A G E

31

and

Culture

•H e l s i n k i

in

MEDIA

• • A

Y

R

A

IL

W

• •

Cinemas in Helsinki 1900–2013

• •

Cinema with regular screenings

Cinema with occasional or festival screenings

Former cinema

National Audiovisual Institute, kavi.fi/fi/kirjasto/aineistot/helsinginseudun-elokuvateattereita-1900-luvunalusta-lahtien  source:

MET

RO

• ••

According to the EU-wide survey ”Cultural Access and Participation”, Swedes and Danes were the most frequent users of the Internet for arts and culture related purposes. Finland ranked highest on none of the themes treated in the study, ranking among the lowest in terms of frequenting cultural blogs. Helsinki respondents, however, behaved more like Swedes than like Finns at large. Eurobarometer 399 (2013). Cultural Access and Participation.

0

1

Number of screens and cinema visits in Helsinki 2000–2012  source:

The Finnish Film Foundation

Number of screens 60

Cinema visits per capita

40

6

20

4

source:  Special

0 2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

2

2 km


P A G E

32

SECTION:

GAMES

G A M E S In the spring of 2014, there were 58 game development companies in Helsinki. In Finland, the total number of companies was about 200. In the past couple of years, the number of companies has grown significantly. Some of the gaming companies focus solely on game development, while in others game development is parallel to some other functions. The turnover of game development companies has grown along digital distribution channels and the increase of data transfer capacity. In physical distribution of games, the majority of the profits were taken by the publisher, distributor and retailer. Digital distribution is used for games developed for all platforms, but especially for mobile games. The domestic market in the game industry in Finland is extremely limited. In fact, companies have started to target international markets directly, and English is used in most games. The digital distribution model also supports and enables international marketing. Tekes (Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation) has actively funded game development since 1995. Tekes’ Skene programme offers, in addition to funding, services for the development of operational and business models as well as digital distribution.

Number of game companies in Finland by region, total: 200

Other regions

Oulu 25

54

Tampere 35 Turku 12

58

16 Rest of the metropolitan area

Helsinki

Game developers can also receive funding through several other channels. Traditionally, investors and business angels have funded development which they believe to be successful. Newer methods of funding include various procedures based on crowdsourcing. sources:  Neogames, The

Game Industry of Finland 2013; Hiltunen, Latva, Kaleva: Game industry – development path (Peliteollisuus – kehityspolku), Tekes, reports, 303/2013, Tekes; Skene-Games Refueled.


Arts

P A G E

33

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

Game developing companies in spring 2014

Company size 0–4 employees

Helsinki: 22 companies

Rest of the metropolitan area: 8 companies

Rest of Finland: 63 companies

5–9 employees

Helsinki: 5 companies

10–19 employees

Rest of the metropolitan area: 1 company

Rest of Finland: 11 companies

Helsinki: 2 companies

Rest of Finland: 1 company

20–49 employees

SULAKE

DIGITAL

CORPORATION

CHOCOLATE

Helsinki: 6 companies

Rest of Finland: 1 company

SUPERCELL

50–99 employees

Helsinki: 2 companies

Companies of unknown size and/or turnover*: Helsinki: 21 companies Rest of metropolitan area: 5 Rest of Finland: 50 *includes companies started or ceased operating after 2011.

REMEDY

100–149 employees

ENTERTAINMENT

Rest of the metropolitan area: 1 company

ROVIO ENTERTAINMENT

400–499 employees

Bubble size represents turnover

Rest of the metropolitan area: 1 company 200,000– 399,999 €

2–4.9 million € 10–19.9 million €

50–99.9 million €

over 100 million €

below 1 –1.9 million € 100,000 €  sources:

Finnish Patent and Registry Office, Neogames (Hub of the Finnish Game Industry) www.neogames.fi


P A G E

34

SECTION:

THEATR

800,000

750,000

T H E AT R E ,  DA N C E   & C I R C U S

Theatres subject to the financing law: tickets sold

700,000

650,000

The field of performing arts in Helsinki includes not only theatres, dance and circus groups but also the Finnish National Opera and Ballet.

Other theatres 600,000

550 000

Part of the theatres and dance theatres are subject to the financing act for theatres and orchestras which ensures permanent funding. Some theatres, dance theatres and circus groups are subsidized yearly by ministerial decision. The City of Helsinki funds performing arts annually through operating subsidies and production grants.

500 000

450,000

400,000

350,000

Theatre groups outside the financing law: tickets sold

Helsinki City Theatre 300,000

Performances 250,000

2,500

200,000

2,000 Performances

150,000

1,500

1,500 Other theatres

100,000

1,000 Helsinki City Theatre 500

50,000

Finnish National Theatre 0

0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

Finnish National Theatre 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013


P A G E

Arts

35

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

RE, DANCE & C I R C U S In 2013 the state funded 39 professional theatres including opera, 17 dance theatres and dance groups and 7 circus groups in Helsinki with some form of operating subsidies. Theatre Info Finland, Dance Info Finland, www.sirkusinfo.fi

Circus: tickets sold and free admissions Performances 1,000

100,000

 sources: 

500

50,000

0

The Finnish National Opera and Ballet: tickets sold

0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

Dance performances 500

0 Independent Dance Groups 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

200,000

Tickets sold: Dance theatres

150,000

100,000

Dance Theatres subject to the financing act

Finnish National Opera Independent Dance Groups Performances

50,000

Finnish National Ballet

500

Finnish National Opera Finnish National Ballet

0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

Dance Theatres subject to the financing law

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013


P A G E

36

SECTION:

D E S I G N   &   C U LT U R A L H E R I TA G E

D E S I G N   &  C U LT U R A L HERITAGE

The museums of design and cultural heritage have a long history in Helsinki. The Museum of Applied Arts was founded in 1873 and later changed its name to Design Museum. The Helsinki City Museum was founded in 1911. The City Museum has had free admission to all visitors since 2008.

World Design Capital Helsinki 2012 source:  World

Design Capital Helsinki 2012, Final report.

Among the more recent events in the field of design is Helsinki Design Week, the largest Nordic annual festival for design, organized since 2005. The annual event Open House Helsinki dates back to 2007 and offers guided tours to city districts and old and new architectural sites.

General aims of the programme

Main WDC projects still active in 2014

Creation of new content: development of activities and services, new products and services

Kamppi chapel of silence: Representing a fine example of innovative timber architecture, the design of the chapel was awarded with the Chicago Athenaeum International Architecture Award 2010. The chapel offers a space of retreat and encounter daily from early morning until late in the evening. Teurastamon alue – Slaughterhouse area: The new centre of culinary art. Kulttuurisauna – Public sauna: A new urban public sauna. Kaisa House – University library: The new main library of the University of Helsinki, open to public. 365 wellbeing: Design for wellbeing activating residents, experts and organisations. Design yourself: Sport equipments along jogging path in the centre of the city (Töölönlahti bay).

Increasing understanding about design: presenting the diversity in design, strengthening public awareness about design, widening co-operation Awareness about Helsinki – putting the Helsinki Region and local actors on the global map

Initiatives and projects Contracts for initiatives: 263 projects: 448 International satellite events: 103 Projects and events total: 551 Visitors in public events: 2,500,000


P A G E

Arts

37

150,000

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

100,000

Number of visitors Design Museum at museums of 50,000 design and cultural Museum of Finnish Architecture heritage in Helsinki Aalto House – Alvar Aalto’s home and atelier 0 2000–2012 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 National Board of Antiquities, www.museotilasto.fi  source:

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

650,000

600,000

550 000 550,000

500 000 500,000

450 000 450,000

400,000

Cultural heritage museums

7 state-operated museums of cultural heritage

350,000

300,000

250,000

200,000

9 operated by Helsinki City Museum 150,000 Most visitors at a state-operated museum: the National Museum 100,000

50,000

Most visitors at a private museum: Päivälehti Museum

Most visitors at a Helsinki City 7 privately owned museums Museum location: Sofiankatu 4 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012


P A G E

38

SECTION:

E D U

Degree-oriented cultural studies in Helsinki  source:

E D U C A T I O N

Statistics Finland

iknisleH

iknisleH

Universities of Applied Sciences 14.9%

Vocational Colleges 10.5%

Universities 49.5%

VC

UA

U

Rest of Finland

Rest of Finland

Rest of Finland

Students in cultural sectors in Helsinki 2005–2012

Level of education in each cultural sector, share of students in Helsinki in 2012

VC

UA

Communications and information 3% sciences Music 36%

2,500

2,000

97% 37%

Crafts and design Culture and art studies

1,500

17%

26%

0

100%

Graphics and communications technology Visual arts

2006

2008

2010

2012

Other cultural 68% sector education 0

58% 65%

Literature

500

27%

100%

Theatre and dance 8% 27% 1,000

U

100% 100% 32%

25

50

75

100%

imous uuM

imous uuM

imous uuM

iknisleH

Helsinki’s proportion of all students in cultural fields by level of education in Finland 2012


Arts

P A G E

39

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

C A T I O   N Studies in the fields of art and culture can be completed in Helsinki on all levels of education from a vocational institution to universities of applied sciences and universities. Basic art education is available for children and young people. For adults, there is supplementary education and educational programmes that support culture and artrelated leisure activities.

Students and qualifications* in cultural universities in Helsinki 2005–2012

Reform of university degrees 2005. Period of transition continued until 2008.

*  Bachelor’s and master’s degrees, licenciate and doctoral degrees  source:

Aalto University

Statistics Finland QUALIFICATIONS 250

STUDENTS 2,500

Sibelius Academy 2,000

200

1,500

150

1,000

100

Aalto University Sibelius Academy

Theater Academy 500

50

Theatre Academy Academy of Fine Arts

Academy of Fine Arts 0

2006

2008

2010

2012

0


P A G E

40

SECTION:

E D U C A T I O N

Number of students per art form in educational institutions of basic art education that receive funding from the Helsinki Cultural and Library Committee in 2013  source:

Basic education of art (7–19-year-olds) Total number of students: 13,452

Early basic education of art (0–6-year-olds) Total number of students: 5,751

City of Helsinki Cultural Office

Music Dance Visual arts (architecture, visual arts and crafts) Circus Theatre 0

2,000

4,000

6,000

8,000

Culture studies in Finnish and Swedish Adult Education Centres* of the City of Helsinki by gender in 2012 *  Finnish Adult Education Centre of the City of Helsinki, Helsingfors Arbis, Institute of Adult Education in Helsinki, Kalliola Adult learning centre, and Toimela Adult Education Centre

Men Visual arts

16% 85%

Music

31% 69%

Theatre and dance

11%

89%

Other cultural sector education

11%

90%

Literature

18%

82%

2,000

Culture studies in Finnish and Swedish Adult Education Centres of the City of Helsinki according to age groups in 2012

0

Total number of students: 18,288

2,000

4,000

6,000

30%

20%

10%

0%

Age group

0– 14 15 –1 9 20 –2 4 25 –3 4 35 –4 4 45 –5 4 55 –6 4 65 –

Finnish Adult Education Centre of the City of Helsinki, Helsingfors Arbis, Institute of Adult Education in Helsinki, Kalliola Adult learning centre, and Toimela Adult Education Centre  source:

Women

Total number of students: 18,288

10,000


Arts

P A G E

41

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

PHOTO: MAURI TAHVONEN


P A G E

42

SECTION:

LIBRARY

L I B R A R The services of the Helsinki City Library are offered by 37 branch libraries, two mobile libraries, 10 hospital libraries, the Home Service, the Urban Workshop, and the HelMet library network. All libraries offer computers and wireless Internet access for use by the customers. Basic library services and participating in events are free of charge.

Library card users in Helsinki by age group and gender  source:

Helsinki City Library Age group 90– 85–89 80–84 75–79 70–74 65–69 60–64 55–59 50–54 45–49 40–44 35–39 30–34 25–29 20–24 15–19 10–14 5–9 0–4

Men

80 %

60

40

20

0

Women

0

20

40

60

80 %


Arts

Y

P A G E

43

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

Yearly loans of different library materials 2002–2012 (total)  source:

Helsinki City Library

Sheet music, maps, games, e-books, misc. items Visual recordings (DVD, BR, VHS)

10 million

Proportion of collections, 2012

8 million

Audio recordings (CD, vinyl, cassettes)

6 million

4 million

Books 2 million

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

The Helsinki City Library is part of the HelMet library network – Helsinki Metropolitan Area Libraries. Through the HelMet library network, customers can access more than 60 libraries in the region and there are 900 employees at your service.

2.4% 2.5% 11.9%

Library borrowers per 1,000 inhabitants 2002–2012  source:

Helsinki City Library

500

400

300

200

100

0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

83.2%


P A G E

44

SECTION:

Library loans per resident in selected cities in 2011 IFLA, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, Statistics 2011.  source:

LIBRARY

The most important activity at a library: Answers to the question ”What did you do or what are you planning to do in the library during this visit?” Make a loan 52%

Helsinki Toronto Copenhagen

Something else 2%

Dresden

Meet people, take part in an event 2%

Brisbane

Spend time 2%

Search for information, learn 4%

Düsseldorf Hong Kong

Read, view, listen 19%

Bremen

Study, work, use a computer 19%

Customer satisfaction survey, Helsinki City Library 2011–2013  source:

Montréal Amsterdam Stockholm

In the Helsinki City Library, you can:

Oslo Tallinn

Borrow

Los Angeles

books, music, films and other items, such as a drill, skis, a blood pressure meter, a tennis racket, a backpack with a solar panel, and a tablet computer.

Vienna Barcelona Riga

Participate in events

Vilnius 0

5

10

15

20

including discussion groups, literature and book clubs, concerts, club activities, exhibitions, guidance and courses.

Hire spaces including meeting and working rooms, studios and rooms for playing music, an exhibition space, and a performance stage.


Arts

P A G E

45

Events arranged in various branch libraries of the Helsinki City Library in 2013 Helsinki City Library  source:

and

Culture

in

Literature, Events related music and to library use other types and information of events searches

Helsinki

Other events

Library

Rikhardinkatu Itäkeskus Pasila Kallio Puistola Pitäjänmäki Oulunkylä Viikki Vuosaari Library 10 Töölö Pukinmäki Tapulikaupunki Malmi Tapanila Laajasalo Kontula Kannelmäki Jakomäki Käpylä Malminkartano Lauttasaari Maunula Vallila Arabianranta Munkkiniemi Paloheinä Suutarila

Meeting Point Lasipalatsi Myllypuro Etelä-Haaga Pohjois-Haaga Ruoholahti Hospital libraries Mobile library Herttoniemi Suomenlinna Common events Pikku Huopalahti Sakarinmmäki 0

100

200

300

400

500 events


P A G E

46

The Helsinki City Library has two library bikes. In the summer time, you can see a library bike on the streets, on a beach, at a festival, or at a pop-up library in a park. You can borrow books and other library material from the bike.

SECTION:

LIBRARY

Locations and events of the library bike in 2014

START: Puistola 10–15/7 2014

7/9 SiltamäkiSuutarila Day

8/8; 22/8 Night of the Arts; 23/8–26/8

14/9 We love Pihlis

27/8 14/8; 18/8 Restaurant Day

P H OTO : SAT U H A AV I S TO

22/8 Night of the Arts 23/7 24/7 14/9

END: 21/9 Harvest in Action, Teurastamo

9/–10/8 Flow Festival

31/8 Urban living fair 15/7–20/7; 26/7–31/7

Design Market 3 km

The Urban Workshop is a pilot project of participatory budgeting. Services available to the customers include 3D printers and vinyl cutter, a graphics workstation, a sewing machine and a seaming machine. A “Laptop Doctor” helps customers with hardware and software problems. Media guidance is also available.

Urban Workshop use on average in January–June 2014

Space reservations Vinyl cutter reservations 3D-printer reservations “Laptop Doctor” services and other media guidance Media workstation reservations

600

400

200

0


Arts

P A G E

47

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

Kysy.fi – Ask Anything is a Helsinki City Library service in which you can ask a question on any subject. Answers are posted online and emailed on request to the sender of the question. The Helsinki City Library answers most of the questions, but readers can also answer them. Visits to the Kysy.fi website in 2013 by the location of the person asking a question

Western Finland 28%

Topics of the most common questions in the Kysy.fi service 2013

Southern Finland excluding Helsinki 29%

Culture and entertainment Society Science Life

Eastern Finland 7% Foreign countries 7% Helsinki 22%

Northern Finland 7%

Hobbies and leisure time Trivia History Helsinki

In total 4,782 questions

Technology 0

Annual Book Fair visitors 2005–2013. Since 2006 the fair consists of several fairs organised in conjunction with each other, which can be visited with a single admission. MediaAudit­Finland Oy, www.levikintarkastus.fi/ messutarkastus/tilastot  source:

Annual visitors 80,000

5

10 15 20 %

Exhibitors

800

60,000

600

40,000

400

20,000

200

0

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

0


P A G E

48

SECTION:

RESIDENTS’  OPINIONS

R E S I D E N T S ’  O P I N I O N S Cultural pursuits and opinions on arts and culture among Helsinki residents were studied In autumn 2013 by City of Helsinki Urban Facts in a web-based survey. A snowball sampling method was applied, and responses were obtained by email and Facebook. The questions concerned themes such as respondents’ consumption of various forms of arts and culture; the most interesting cultural event of the year; problems and shortcomings of cultural offerings in Helsinki; the use of the Internet for arts and culture-related purposes; satisfaction with cultural offerings in Helsinki; and the role of the respondents themselves in the field of arts and culture. 838 people between 14 and 79 years of age (average 49) responded. Every tenth respondent was under thirty. Like other studies, this one found that women more often than men relate to arts and culture: 73 percent of respondents were women. A great majority of respondents (85%) “sat in the audience” as spectators or listeners. Well over a quarter (29%) reported they were active amateurs or students of some cultural field. 13 percent of respondents (17% of men, 12% of women) had an arts and culture related profession. Depending on the situation, respondents could assume more than one role. source:  Keskinen

Vesa & Kotro Helena (2014). “Kohti yhteisöllistä kaupunkikulttuuria. Mielipiteitä Helsingistä kulttuurikaupunkina”. City of Helsinki Urban Facts. Tutkimuskatsauksia 4/2014. www.hel.fi/hel2/Tietokeskus/julkaisut/pdf/14_06_09_ Tutkimuskatsauksia_4_14_KeskinenKotro.pdf


Arts

P A G E

49

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

The most interesting cultural experiences during the last 12 months*

Respondents cultural pursuits during the last 12 months in Helsinki 2013 (N=837) Visited a public library 85%

Theatre 14%

Been to the cinema 81%

Pop-jazz-rock concert 11%

Been to an art exhibition or gallery 77%

Large free-of11% charge event

Been to the theatre 73%

Classical music concert 11%

Attended a large free-of61% charge public event

Art exhibition 10%

Been to a pop, jazz or rock consert or gig 55%

Neighbourhood event 8%

Gone to a neighbourhood event or party 53%

Cinema 5%

Been to a classical music 52% concert or the opera

Restaurant Day 4%

Attended a park or street flea market 49%

Ballet or dance 4% performance

Participated in the Restaurant Day 33%

Flea market 3%

Seen a ballet or dance performance 33%

Book fair 3%

Visited a book fair 29%

Circus 2%

Seen a circus performance 12%

Library 2% 0

Some other cultural pursuit 12% 0

25

iE

aimlegnO

Problems relating to the provision of cultural pursuits in Helsinki among those who had mentioned problems (N=580)

50

75

100 %

25

*  As mentioned in respondents’ freely formulated answers (1,231 mentions)

Too expensive 43% Hard to get information 31% about events Hard to get tickets 25%

Respondents mentioning problems 70%

Some other problem 21% Pursuits don’t 20% suit my schedule Too many pursuits available 14% Shortage of pursuits 7% that would interest me

Did not mention problems 30%

50%

Events are far away 6% or otherwise hard to access I don’t feel at home 2% in cultural pursuits

0

25

50

75%


P A G E

50

SECTION:

FINANCING

FINANCING The City of Helsinki, the national government and private actors such as foundations fund the cultural activities taking place in Helsinki. The direct public funding of culture and arts consists primarily of maintaining municipal and national organisations, as well as giving out subsidies and grants. As for the national government, this also includes copyright remunerations and corporate subsidies. The City of Helsinki funds cultural activities partly through the annual budgets of City departments including City Library, Philharmonic Orchestra, City Museum, Art Museum, Adult Education Centre and Cultural Office, which maintains venues and centres for different cultural activities. The City of Helsinki Cultural and Library Committee grants subsidies to cultural activities within the city. The committee gives out production grants, subsidies for development projects, subsidies for local culture to increase resident participation and culture awards as well as arts grants. Included in the City budget are operating subsidies for art and cultural institutions. For its part, the national government maintains cultural institutions located in Helsinki. The government finances part of cultural institutions and organisations based on museum, theatre and orchestra laws. Other organisations are financed on a yearly basis by ministerial decision. Yet another part of the state funding is allocated as grants to artists. Corporate subsidies to entrepreneurs in the culture sector are also directed through the national government. Other forms of funding for cultural activities consist of foundation funding, sponsorship co-operation and EU funding. Enterprises in creative industries operate mostly on a commercial basis. The citizens and customers contribute to cultural funding by buying products or paying admission fees and by voluntary work.


Arts

P A G E

51

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

Cultural budget in Helsinki 1990–2013 Operational expenditures of municipal cultural organizations and subsidies to culture

Art and cultural subsidies granted by the city of Helsinki in 2005–2013

source:  City

source:  City

of Helsinki Cultural Office

of Helsinki Cultural Office

Million € 30

100%

Subsidies 1990–2013

Subsidies for art and culture 20 Helsinki City Theatre

Operating subsidies for art and cultural institutions (incl. Helsinki City Theatre and the Finnish National Opera)

The Finnish National Opera Helsinki Festival UMO Jazz Orchestra

75%

10

Operational expenditures 1990–2013 Helsinki City Library

0 2005

2007

2010

2013 Million € 2

50%

1.5 Production grants for individual artprojects of professional artists

Cultural Office

25%

1

Philharmonic Orchestra

Subsidies for the development projects of professional art Local culture subsidies for art and cultural projects that increase resident participation Culture award and arts grants

City Museum

0% 1990

Helsinki Art Museum

1995

2000

2005

2010

2013

2005

2007

2010

0.5

0

2013


P A G E

Breakdown of the cultural budget of the City of Helsinki in 2013 (1,000 €)

52

S E C T I O N : F I N A N C I N G

Subsidies granted by city and state for different art forms in Helsinki 2013 (1,000 €) City of Helsinki total budget 4.5 billion € Circus

State 1,200 City 245

Operational expenditures City Library 39,333

Subsidies Subsidies for art and culture 14,591

Architecture and design

Museums and cultural heritage

Miscellaneous

State 2,275 City 37

Dance State 15,470 City 1,437 State 4,216 City 1,141 Visual arts

State 17,959 City 1,018

Film and media art

Music and musical art

State 6,074 City 811 Library and literature

State 10,091 City 46

Cultural Office 13,942

City Theatre 8,535

State 18,412 City 7,257

State 34,098 City 313

Theatre and theatrical art

Opera and ballet

State 40,235 City 13,727

State 52,384 City 3,783

Philharmonic Orchestra 12,388

City Museum 7,658 Helsinki Art Museum 6,342

source:  City

of Helsinki Cultural Office

The Finnish National Opera 3,668

Helsinki Festival 1,513 UMO Jazz Orchestra 780

Total cultural budget 108,751,000 €

sources:  City

of Helsinki Cultural Office, the Ministry of Education and Culture, and the Arts Promotion Centre Finland

Total amount of subsidies: 232,228,000 €


P A G E

53

and

Culture

FI

N

LA

N

HELSINKI

D

Total Helsinki 46,728 Rest of Finland 104,426

N WO N K N U D N A S N O I TAP U C C O R E H TO

OF

SREKROW SELAS DNA ECIVRES

ST

Helsinki

SREGANAM

SLANOISSEFORP

dnailknniFisfleoHtseR

State 11,104 36,334

RE

in

SREKROW TROPPUS LACIRELC

Enterprises 25,861 65,820

Jobs in cultural industries according to employer sector in 2011

N O I S S E F O R P E TA I C O S S A D N A S N A I C I N H C E T

Arts

Other and unknown 7,026 18,337

Municipalities 2,737 30,663 Professionals 24,083 ST 46,775 RE

Jobs in cultural industries according to occupational group in 2011

source:  Statistics

Finland, employment statistics

OF

FI

N

HELSINKI Total Helsinki 46,728 Rest of Finland 104,426

Technicians and associate professionals 8,694 18,086

Clerical support workers 4655 12103

Managers 2,369 3,826

LA

N

D

Other occupations and unknown 4,635 14,485

Service and sales workers 2,292 9,151


P A G E

54

SECTION:

FINANCING

Cultural enterprises in Helsinki Personnel and turnover 2007–2012

Share % of industry in Finland 2012

Personnel, thousands Industry

30

Industries according to cultural satellite, based on SCI 5-digit level Newspaper and journal publishing, news agencies

0

50

25 42.9% 20

Advertising

Radio and television

48.0%

15

73.6%

Book publishing and trade Architectural planning and design

52.0% 10

40.2%

Motion pictures, videos and computer games

29.3% 5

11 other cultural industries total*

63.3% 0 2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Cultural industries total personnel

26,843

27,444

26,188

25,479

26,427

25,684

Share % of personnel of all enterprises in Helsinki

10.9%

10.8%

10.7%

10.4%

10.4%

10.1%

*  Artistic, theatre and concert activities; Libraries, archives, museums, etc.; Art and antique shops; Manufacture and sale of musical instruments; Sound recordings;  Printing and related activities; Photography; Amusement parks, games and other entertainment and recreation; Manufacture and sale of entertainment electronics; Organisation of cultural events and related activity; Education and cultural administration.

40.0%

100 %


P A G E

Arts

55

and

Culture

in

Helsinki

Share % of industry in Finland 2012

Turnover, billion â‚Ź 6

Industry

0

Newspaper and journal publishing, news agencies

50

5 48.6%

4 Advertising

Radio and television

70.6%

3 84.1%

Book publishing and trade Architectural planning and design

2

56.9%

Motion pictures, videos and computer games

44.0% 71.0%

1 11 other cultural industries total*

16.7% 0 2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Cultural industries total turnover, billion â‚Ź

5.55

5.68

5.31

5.13

5.30

5.34

Share % of turnover of all enterprises in Helsinki

8.4%

8.1%

8.5%

7.6%

7.2%

6.9%

source:  Statistics

Finland, statistics on enterprises

38.7%

100 %


Arts and culture in Helsinki

AUTHORS:

TRANSLATION:

DESIGN, LAYOUT

PUBLISHER:

ISBN:

Sini Askelo, Vesa Keskinen, Helena Kotro, Petteri Räisänen, Reetta Sariola

Semantix Finland Oy, Magnus Gräsbeck, Teemu Wass

AND GRAPHICS:

City of Helsinki: Cultural Office Urban Facts

PRINTED:

Jonatan Hildén, Juuso Koponen, Tommi Kovala

WEB: 978-952-272-776-3

EMAIL: FIRST NAME.

WEBSITE:

LAST NAME@HEL.FI

WWW.HEL .FI

ALL BASE MAP

PAPER:

PRINTED

ORDERS

DATA: HELSINKI

RIVES DESIGN

AT ERWEKO,

AND ENQUIRIES:

REGION MAP,

250 G, MUNKEN

HELSINKI 2014

TIETOKESKUS.

WWW.HRI.FI/

POLAR 80 G

EN/DATASET/

TYPEFACES:

SEUTUKARTTA

TASSE, NAMLI BY MIKKO VARAKAS

978-952-272-775-6

KIRJASTO@HEL .FI


1963 Reino Helismaa: Asuntopula Helsingissä 2003 Korkeajännitys: Helsingin juhannus 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm: Jag minns Helsingfors’ himmel 1998 Riikamaria: Helsinki skyline 1992 Hector: Nukkuva Stadi 2001 Ari Taskinen (& Teemu Hirvilammi): Aamulla kun kaupunki on täysi 2000 Mr.Mäläskä: Aleksanterin hambo 1988 Maarit: Kun henki lensi Helsinkiin 1994 Mamba: Annina muutti Turkuun 1996 Kaj Chydenius: Iibeeämmät 1954 Olavi Virta: Helsingin laulu 1998 Nikolai Blad: Rakastuneet 2005 Bilmo: Johanneksen kirkon puisto 1888 Oskar Merikanto (säv.): Kappeli, op5 [Kapellet] 1988 Markku Kujala: Kun John Lee soittaa bluesia 2001 Karl-Gustav Backholm ym.: Sommarkabare 2004 Matti Kuronen: Espaa Helsingin 1997 Ultra Bra: Minä suojelen sinua kaikelta 1969 Tapio Rautavaara: RÜÜperin Reiska 1990 Eija Ahvo: Tähti 1995 Juha Tapaninen: Maalarien ranta 1966 Nisse Brandt: MĂĽsundring 1993 Jussi Raittinen (&Jussirockers): Stadiin takaisin 1996 Kaj Chydeius: Miehet 1999 Fredi: Sliibaa Stadilainen snadimmastakin 1932 Kuuno Sevander: Helsingin kulkurin huolia 1972 Hurja joukko: Pihojen kuningas 1989 Original Evergreens: Morjens Viivi 1999 K-P Harma: Askeleita 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm: Sommar i Helsingfors 1996 Kaj Chydenius: Seahorse 2003 Helsingin liikennelaitoksen mieslaulajat: SĂśrkan gibojen marssi 2002 All Stars: Helsinki damnation 1987 Eeki Mantere: Kaisaniemi 2003 Konala Cartelli: Konala Cartelli part 2 1999 Sami Saari: Jazz of fire 1978 H Band: Helsinkiin 2007 Suomen Miesorkesteri: Pitkänsillan kroniikka 1999 Jorma Uotinen: Mannerheim 2004 Rock-yhtye Kenonen: Sporakuski 1931 Heikki Tuominen: Helsingin messuilla 2005 Jussi Saksa: Helsingin kesä 1978 Mutkattomat: Kaisa Niemi 1999 Merja Laaksonen: Helsinki, kaunis kaupunki 1979 Tapani Kansa: Pitkät päivät pakerretaan 1982 J Karjalainen: YĂś kun saapuu Helsinkiin 2002 Pikkis: TÜÜlĂśstä kotoisin 1999 Rehtorit: Kolmatta linjaa lakaisin 1997 Tommi Läntinen: RÜÜperin kuu 1979 Elina Salo: Lähdetään Korkeasaareen 1997 Ufo: Suuressa Helsingissä 1998 Nikolai Blad: Vartioharju II 1980 Marjatta Pokela: Helsinkiin 1997 Mika Pohjola: Muistoja Torkkelinmäeltä 1983 Leena Nilsson: Sä jäit Stadiin 1998 Leevi and the Leavings: Jollakseen 1983 Sir Douglas Quintet: Meet me in Stockholm 2003 Kitkerät Neitsyet: Kaksio 2003 Oomi: Muurahainen 1982 Organ: Itäväylä 2004 Tommi Läntinen: Eltsun kallioilla 1950 Solistikuoro: Laulu Helsingille 1976 Kai Lind: Minun Stadini on Helsinki 2005 Notkea Rotta: Elementtihelvetin häpykarvahippaa 1980 Sensuuri: Hengissä läpi Helsingin 2006 Aksu: Ylä-Malmin suuri lumimies 1966 Henry Theel: Helsingin kesä 1998 Jimi Tenor: Kallio 2004 Ruudolf: Herttoniemest ikuisuuteen 1999 Reijo Kallio: Aleksilla tavataan 1980 Mikko Perkoila: Kaarlo 1980 Mauno Paajanen: Hait tyttĂśjä syĂś 1972 Lippo Koivujuuri: Asematunnelin Anneli 2004 Hector: Stadille 1972 Hurja joukko: Pihapartion marssi 1985 Tarja Ylitalo: Sä muutit Helsinkiin 1999 Ultra Bra: Kirjoituksia 2003 Jonna-Marika ja Tuure-Kalevi: Täti Vihreän puistolaulu 1980 Johan Simelius: Tervasaarivalssi 1966 SONGS Georg de Godzinsky : Kesäpäivä Helsingissä 1999 Clara Reinikainen: I Helsingfors är husen inte speciellt vackra 1979 ABOUT Veltto Virtanen: Hellsinki, Hellsinki, Hellsinki 1996 Kaj Chydenius: Krunikan roskakuski 1952 Pentti Kaartinen: HELSINKI Olympiamuistoja 1987 Hector: Pinnallista elämää 1989 Pelle Miljoona & Linnunlaulu: Kallion kuu 1994 Juliet Jonesin (year, sydän: Mannerheimintie 1990 Juha Muje: Hampparilaakso 1979 Mauno Paajanen: Anne 1929 Hannes Kettunen & performer, Salonkiorkesteri Graco: Nainen ennenvanhaan 2007 Reijo Viita: TyttĂś Helsingin 1999 Shanti: Helsinki title) romance 1966 Jukka Kuoppamäki: Eikan pumppu 2001 Oheisvasara: Kulttuurikaupunkirock 2000 2001 Samuli Edelmann: Kaikki tahtoo 1929 Matti Jurva: Helsingin ympäri autolla 1996 Kaj Chydenius: Naisen elämää 2002 Kake Randelin: Häippästään Helsinkiin 1979 Harri Saksala: Helsinki rakastettuni 1993 Henrik Krause: SĂśrkkaan päin 2002 Damodara: Kivikko 1996 Ultra Bra: Moskova 1990 Rapatti: Kontula 2003 Plutonium 74: Pasilasta 2006 Samuli Edelmann: Helsinki 1979 Harri Saksala: Vanha RÜÜperi 1935 Matti Jurva: Hei hulinaa Helsinki 2004 Rock-yhtye Kenonen: SĂśde pellavapää 1977 Wigwam: Helsinki nights 2002 Sakilaiset: Arska Stadista 1995 Starbut: Starbun laulu 1972 Hurja joukko: Talkkarin laulu 1931 Leander Norrback: Helsingin tytĂśt 1976 Hullujussi: Helsinki-city 1995 VibrakÜÜri: Helsingin yĂśhĂśn 1957 Matti & Repe: Ellin boksissa 1968 Fredi: Kolmatta linjaa takaisin 2002 Damodara: Kurvi 2007 Breadmachine (& Tuomari Nurmio): Hellsinki Street 1973 Cumulus: Lännensankarit 1996 Kaj Chydenius: Aleksi 1952 NimeämätĂśn (sekakuoro, urut): Olympiahymni 1977 Kalevi Korpi: Helsinki fiilinki 1999 Vanessa Phillipp: Kevät tulee Helsinkiin 1996 Tauno Suomi & Malmin Pojat: Muistojen Malmi 1994 Marjatta Leppänen: Kesäkaupunki 1998 Nikolai Blad: Ilman huolenhäivää 2001 J Karjalainen.: Verinen mies 1971 Kaisa Korhonen: Kesä SĂśrnäisissä 1972 Pekka Streng: Katsele yĂśssä 1982 NATO: Helsingin yĂśt 1978 Karanteeni: Kaljupäinen gangsteri 1998 Aurinkokerho: Hkipunx 1998 1994 James Puhto-ren: Helsinkiin vai helvettiin 2007 Mika-Antero & Slipover: Pengerkadun kuu 1996 Larry and the Lefthanded: Helsinki nocturne 1986 Edu Kettunen: Sinä vuonna 1999 Jari Sillanpää: Maiden 1984 Jussi Raittinen: Gartsan kundi 1980 Eero ja Jussi: Hämeentietä koilliseen 1998 Rene Aubry: Sirtaki a Helsinki 1987 Tom Wenzel: En annorlunda morgonsĂĽng 1971 Lasse Kuusela: Mosabackan lavalla 2005 Anssi Kela: Hakaniemen harmaa mies 1975 Hector: Kuin Juudas 1999 Heddi Paulig: UngmĂśn 2001 Avain: Silloin ennen 1912 VäinĂś Lehmus: KuutamoyĂśn seuraukset 2001 Riki Sorsa: Väsyneen auringon tanssi 1993 Eija Ahvo: Tasan tavallinen päivä 1999 Anja Eriksson: Ilmarinen 2001 Liisanpuisto: Mun kaupunki 1998 Nits: Soul man 2003 Happoradio: Pois Kalliosta 1979 Tuomari Nurmio: Oi mutsi mutsi 1990 Freud, Marx, Engels & Jung: Balladi Jose Cuervosta 2001 Mikko Alatalo Jussi Raittinen: Kiiminki-Helsinki rock’n roll 1987 Sarmo E. & Elite: Kaivopuiston laiturilla 1991 Cumulus: TÜÜlĂśn fox 1976 Karma: Hyvää huomenta Suomi 1980 Mikko Perkoila: Surullinen ja uskomaton tarina 1998 RinneRadio: Helsinki 1967 Tauro/Ahlfors/Elstelä: Helsingfors 2006 lastinen & Amira Khalifa: Juoksutaksi Etelärantaan 1980 Alan Miehet: Niin gimis on Stadi 1990 Liisa Akimof: Helsinki 1999 Tuomari Nurmio: Tonnin stiflat 1999 Harri Saksala: Helsinkiä vossikalla 2005 Tuomari Nurmio & Alamaailman Vasarat: Kolmannen linjan Mona Lisa 1999 Viljo Rantonen: Karttulan viimeinen coyboy 1965 Arvo Turtiainen: Stadin Arskan laulu 1979 Pelle Miljoona & 1980: Stadi by night 2005 Notkea Rotta: Meno-Anu ostoksilla 1991 Sir Elwoodin Hiljaiset Värit: Jumala rankaisee Helsinkiä tänä yĂśnä 2004 Karl-Gustav Backholm: Flickan i rulltrappan 1996 L.A.M.F: Helsinkiin 1996 Kaj Chydenius: Bulsu 1991 Kolmas Nainen: Helsinki 1999 J. Karjalainen Electric Sauna: Mä jäin kiinni asfalttiin 1982 Kari Peitsamo Revival: Tähtirumpali 1988 Ratakadun Pihasoittajat: Stadin jenkka 2001 Hannele Wida: Valse de Helsinki (=Espalla source: Kokkonen & Salmela: “Helsinki-aiheista musiikkiaâ€?, http:/ /pandora.lib.hel.fi /musiikkiasema/musa/musakone.php Tauro & Ahlfors: Främre TĂślĂśvalsen 1926 Leo Kauppi: Helmi ja Kalle 2004 Rock-yhtye Kenonen: Faijasa boitsu kukkii rakkaus) 1988


Arts and culture

Helsinki has a vibrant and diverse cultural life. A collective approach to producing urban culture is a major current trend, as the residents themselves organise a variety of events, festivals and parties. The City of Helsinki supports both professional cultural productions and the citizens’ independent cultural activities. Traditional arts institutions have also retained their and C u l t uattraction. re in This publication aims to provide a new, creative way of describing the current state of arts and culture Composer’s share of all works performed in Helsinki.

in Helsinki

PAGE

P A G E

Arts

1900

1910

1920

1930

1940

PB 15

1950

1960

30% 1970 20% 10%

1980

1990

2000s