Tidewater Times November 2021

Page 1

Tidewater Times

November 2021


Wye Mills - Located in The Preserve, this five-bedroom home with over 4000 sf has a beautifully-updated kitchen with quartz countertops opening to the family room with gas fireplace. The owners added a large screened porch overlooking the fencedin yard with swimming pool. The large office has built-in bookshelves and french doors, and the finished basement makes a great playroom or separate living space, with small kitchenette and bedroom. Just listed $659,000

Tom & Debra Crouch

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116 N. Talbot St., St. Michaels · 410-745-0720 Tom Crouch: 410-310-8916 Debra Crouch: 410-924-0771

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Holiday Kickoff Weekend

Join us November 5th – 7th to kick off the holidays! 20% of all sales will be donated to Talbot Hospice. There will also be raffle tickets & fabulous door prizes! November 6th will be an extra special “Sip & Shop” day… Stop by for champagne and nibbles!

Sarah Eastman Antique Jewelry Trunk Show November 18th 5pm – 8pm | Join Sarah for a talk, jewelry preview, drinks, and nibbles! November 19th 10am – 5pm | Trunk Show Follow us on Facebook and Instagram at @BountifulHomeMD for more holiday fun and our upcoming gift guide! 8 0 3 G O L D S B O R O U G H S T, E A S TO N | 4 1 0 . 8 1 9 . 8 6 6 6


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Vol. 70, No. 6

Published Monthly

November 2021

Features: About the Cover Artist: Laura Era . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Holly and Mistletoe: Helen Chappell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Wild Turkey for Thanksgiving: Bonna L. Nelson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 In Search of Englishness: Richard W. Walker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Tidewater Gardening - Out of Your Gourd: K. Marc Teffeau . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Two Tilghmans - Tench and Bill: A.M. Foley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Tidewater Kitchen - Reuniting for the Holidays: Pamela Meredith . . . . 113 Listening to Your Life - It's Never Too Late to Start: Michael Valliant . . . 133 Talbot County, Maryland Spots Enemy Planes!: James Dawson . . . . . . . . . 145 Changes - That Was Then - Part III: Roger Vaughan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

Departments: November Tide Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Easton Map and History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Caroline County ~ A Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Dorchester Map and History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 St. Michaels Map and History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Oxford Map and History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Tilghman's Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Queen Anne's County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 November Calendar of Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 Anne B. Farwell & John D. Farwell, Co-Publishers Proofing: Jodie Littleton & Kippy Requardt Deliveries: Nancy Smith, April Jewel & Brandon Coleman P. O. Box 1141, Easton, Maryland 21601 3947 Harrison Circle, Trappe, Maryland 21673 410-714-9389 www.tidewatertimes.com info@tidewatertimes.com

Tidewater Times is published monthly by Bailey-Farwell, LLC. Advertising rates upon request. Subscription price is $30.00 per year. Individual copies are $4. Contents of this publication may not be reproduced in part or whole without prior approval of the publisher. Printed by Delmarva Printing, Inc. The publisher does not assume any liability for errors and/or omissions.




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About the Cover Artist Laura Era numerous private homes. Her stilllife and landscape paintings are also widely collected. Laura teaches from her studio on the Little Choptank River near Cambridge and has devoted students who seek out her mastery. This month’s cover photo is a commissioned 18” x 24” oil piece titled Shoot Somethin’, Pop! To see more of her work, please visit www.troikagallery.com or www.lauraera.com. You can also read her blog at lauraera.com/ blog.

Laura Era is an award-winning professional portrait and landscape artist and teacher. She is also the owner of the Troika Gallery in Easton, Maryland. Her passion for portraiture has earned her recognition far and wide, with noted institutions commissioning her work. Encouraged and taught by her mother, renowned portrait artist Dorothy F. Newland, Laura studied with Daniel E. Greene, Burton Silverman and Raoul Middleman. Laura and Dorothy painted together throughout North America and Italy. She continues to paint on location each year with visits to England, France, Portugal, Germany, Lewes, Delaware and Monhegan, Maine. Her formal and informal portraits are much admired, and she is fond of painting people of all ages, even favorite pets. Laura has painted multitudes of portraits over the decades and believes that each painting should have a distinct personality, drama and feeling while still capturing the true essence of the subject. Clients often return to her with requests for additional commissions. Her commissioned portraits hang in the University of Maryland School of Medicine, Salisbury University, Maryland State Offices and

Commissioned Portrait 20 x 16 (Rosa) 9


Holly and Mistletoe by Helen Chappell A few years ago, I was wandering through the woods on a farm when I stumbled into a grove of mature holly trees. At first, I thought they just grew there naturally. Isn’t that cool? My late friend Edwina Murphy, a commanding dowager of Tilghman Island and my adopted mother, soon put me right. “That’s what’s left of a holly farm,” she told me. It was our annual custom to go around her neighborhood and help ourselves to various evergreens and magnolia branches, which we would then weave into wreaths for our doors and our family’s graves. Miss Edwina was handy at all sorts of wonderful things, from making cat’s head biscuits to fashioning a holiday wreath from a bent coat hanger, some f lorist’s wire and a trained eye for f loral design. She’d taken a course from a famous upscale Washington f lorist and could make the most beautiful arrangements I’d ever seen. I learned a lot from that lady, like how to recognize a Flemish f loral arrangement from an Ikebana, and I’m grateful to her for the chance. I was especially thankful to learn how to make a Christmas wreath or a spray. Mine are nowhere near as

Edwina Murphy beautiful as hers, but, as she would say, “some of us have the knack and some of us don’t.” She was referring at the time to my heavy, heavy hand with pastry making, but the arrangements I take out to the Oxford cemetery are no ways as nice as anything she could do. It seems so old fashioned to place wreaths on your dead, but I try to remember to do it at Christmas. My mother loved to hang a wreath and place evergreen and holly here and 11

Holly and Mistletoe

mas money with those holly farms and evergreens and even a tree or three. They were harvested around the first of December and shipped to the cities for people who didn’t have any greens in their row houses and apartment buildings. Cargos of greens and holly and mistletoe went across the Bay to Washington and Baltimore, and up to Wilmington and Philadelphia by train. This was a big cottage industry at a time before the Bridge, when most Shore people were poor, especially during the Depression, and the money came in especially handy. Now, I have special memories of the harvesting of mistletoe. My father was a surgeon who worked very hard ~ surgery and rounds in

there on the mantels and centerpieces around Christmastime, and a spray or a wreath on the family marker seems a sentimental gesture of a sentimental season.

There was a time, Miss Edwina told me, when Eastern Shore people earned a little extra Christ-

“Seeking Shelter” 18” x 24” by Master Jove Wang Betty Huang, an accomplished artist herself, represents such notable painters as Master Jove Wang, Hiu Lai Chong, Ken DeWaard, Qiang Huang, Bernard Dellario, Daniel Robbins and sculptor Rick Casali.

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Holly and Mistletoe

car, or we went somewhere more exciting, like Hoopers Island, I went. I really thought Hoopers Island was the jumping-off place when I was very young. It just seemed isolated and way off the marsh from our farm on Ross Neck. My father and some of his friends had bought a ramshackle old farmhouse below Hoopersville that they used for a gunning club. If I recall correctly, and I was very young, it was a grown-up boys’ club where these daily professionals didn’t have to bathe or shave or wear ties, and they spent a lot of time shooting ducks and geese and being, I have no doubt, manly. Of course, I didn’t participate in

the daytime, office hours at night, so we didn’t see as much of him as we would have liked. And I adored him, being a daddy’s girl. So, when he asked me if I wanted to go here and there with him, I hopped on board that old Ford Fairlane. Whether it was back in the day, when he actually made house calls and I just rode along and sat in the


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Holly and Mistletoe

always went out of his way to be kind to me, I guess because he had two sons, and they used to gang around with my brother and girls were not allowed. I loved fishing with Mister Jess, the one thing my mother and I were allowed to do with the boys. It was something we both loved. But neither my mom nor my brother was with my father and me on this particular outing. I had my father all to myself as we listened to country music or a ball game on the radio and he told me tales of his life, from removing four feet of intestines from a surgery patient to the time he and his siblings blew up several outhouses with dynamite on Halloween when he was a kid.

any of this shooting, but I’d been in and out of the ancient house all my life, and I adored my father’s friend and carrier of the hunting and fishing parties, Mister Jess Dean. He and my father were boys together, like Tom and Huck, and Mister Jess

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Holly and Mistletoe

I guess they found what they were looking for, because they tromped around a little in the low, marshy woods and communicated, as men do, in sophisticated grunts, looking at the blinds, including the one that stood offshore on pilings, which I always found fascinating. It was like a little island for a little kid. They added foraged grass and tree branches to the blinds and did whatever men do that little girls are considered too delicate to do. I was just happy to be along for the ride, so I behaved myself and didn’t chatter or make trouble. When they finished with that, we headed out to Barren Island, where I think Mister Jess had grown up. I don’t think anyone was living there then, or if they were, they were back in the city. His Hoopers Island draketail had such a shallow draft we could pull up almost to shore and were able to go on the beach without getting our feet wet. Mister Jess and my father got their shotguns out of the cuddy and I followed them into the woods. It was all woods, mostly pine, greenbrier and thicket. Here and there you could see the skeleton of what had once been some kind of building, and the wind rustled through the trees. It was kind of creepy, but I was with my father and Mister Jess, so I knew I was safe. I’d huddled in the cuddy while we plowed through squalls on the

I was so happy to bounce along with my father and have him all to myself, all the way down to Fishing Creek. He was a master storyteller, and I was a willing listener on these rare trips. I’ve always liked being one of the boys because I learn something. Our mission was to check the duck blinds before hunting season got fully underway. It was November, but a mild day, and we climbed aboard Mr. Jesse’s work boat and headed out of the Honga. I loved how shallow the river was, so clear that you could see the bottom just inches away from the hull, as we glided out toward the Bay. The water was so clear then. People were oystering, but that wasn’t our mission. They wanted to check the blinds and the erosion on what was left of the tiny island that had separated from the mainland and the house before I was born. Ironically, the property was called Swan Island, even though the island part was going fast, maybe a couple of yards from the marshy mainland.


WINK COWEE, ASSOCIATE BROKER Benson & Mangold Real Estate 211 N. Talbot St. St. Michaels, MD 21663

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Holly and Mistletoe

fallen object and placed it in my hand.

open Bay, and they’d led us out alive. I trusted those men with my life, and I’m still here to tell the tale. We tromped for a while until we reached the middle of the island. Here on higher ground, there were more hardwoods: Tulip poplar, maple and oak trees, mostly older growth. My father and Mister Jess were scanning the canopies of the oaks, talking in those sophisticated man grunts. Mister Jess pointed his shotgun upward and fired. The blast echoed through the woods, cutting the silence of the rustling pines like a cannon firing. There was a sort of rustle, and something fell out of the tree and to the ground. While my father was loading, Mister Jess picked up the

“Mistletoe,” he said, and yes, it was mistletoe. A nice little bunch of it, just enough for some grownup to kiss another grown-up beneath it. (Eww, thought little me.) Then my father took aim at the high branches of another oak, there was an echoing bang and another branch of mistletoe fell to the pine shats on the forest f loor. And that was how I learned what the Druids knew: mistletoe is a magical parasite that grows on oak trees. Since no one in their right mine is going to climb an oak tree on a deserted island, shotgunning is how an Eastern Shoreman harvests it. No wonder it’s so expensive on the market. I thought that was the coolest thing I’d ever seen. It was like being let in on a giant secret. My father even let me take aim with his shotgun at a bunch hanging on a 24

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Holly and Mistletoe low branch, but the kick of that big old gun nearly knocked me over, and I missed. I had a bruise on my shoulder for a week, though. But I didn’t complain. I was just thrilled to be a part of it all, holding those thick green branches with those white beads of berries. I carried home a bunch of it in the hood of my jacket and felt like a real grown-up. To this day, harvesting that mistletoe is one of the best memories of my childhood. It was like I was let in on a secret. And, in a way, I guess I was. Harvesting mistletoe brought in a lot of money in those days, and seeing how it was done, expertly and

neatly, was something I’ll never see again. But what a memory. Helen Chappell is the creator of the Sam and Hollis mystery series and the Oysterback stories, as well as The Chesapeake Book of the Dead. Under her pen names, Rebecca Baldwin and Caroline Brooks, she has published a number of historical novels.

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To Be Built - 4 bedroom, 3.5 bathroom home on 7 acre waterfront lot on Chancellors Point Road. Stunning open floor plan with dramatic 2-story foyer. Chef’s kitchen complete with stainless steel appliances, island and granite/quartz countertops. First floor features hardwood floors throughout, living room with gas fireplace and a primary suite with walk-in closet and soaking tub with separate shower. Energy efficient LED recessed ligh�ng and spray foam insula�on. 2-car a�ached garage and condi�oned crawl space. $1,395,000 ChancellorsPointRoad.com | TRAPPE 28

Chuck Mangold Jr. - Associate Broker BENSON & MANGOLD R E A L E S TAT E C 410.924.8832

O 410.822.6665

chuck@chuckmangold.com · www.chuckmangold.com 31 Goldsborough Street, Easton, Maryland 21601

Irish Tides - Gorgeous views of the Miles River from nearly every room. 4 bedroom 5.5 half bathroom main house. The main level is beau�fully appointed with crown moldings, hardwood floors, and built-ins. Formal living and dining rooms; kitchen with island, beau�ful quartz countertops and a waterside dining area for casual dining; family room with cathedral ceilings and gas fireplaces. The main-level primary suite has a cathedral ceiling, built-ins and private pa�o. The professionally landscaped grounds, well-equipped pool house with guestroom, kitchen, si�ng area and bath. In-ground pool with pa�o, outdoor shower and grill. Private pier with boat li� and approx. 4’+/- MLW and 300’+/-shoreline. 3-car detached garage features a bonus room perfect for an office or recrea�on room, bath and kitchene�e. Minutes to Easton’s shopping, entertainment and jet airport. Property co-listed with Cliff Meredith of Meredith Fine Real Estate. $4,650,000 | EASTON 29

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The Eastern Shore Gratitude 7950 Bloomfield Road, Easton Offered at $3,250,000 Classic Eastern Shore home sited on 3.76 private acres overlooking Shipshead Creek in a prime location between Easton and St. Michaels. This special property features a beautiful 5BR/4.5BA main home, gorgeous boat house, and quaint separate guest cottage. Hazelwood 24800 Pealiquor Drive, Denton Offered at $999,000 This elegant 4 BR/3.5 BA colonial home has been in the family of Governor Harry Hughes for generations. Sited on 7 acres overlooking the Choptank River, this private property offers a lovely waterside pool, two coveted waterside porches, a pier and mature landscaping. Laura Carney, Vice President m +1 410 310 3307 o +1 410 673 3344 laura.carney@sothebysrealty.com lauracarney.com 17 Goldsborough Street Easton, MD 21601 Sotheby’s International Realty® is a licensed trademark to Sotheby’s International Realty Affiliates LLC. Each Office Is Independently Owned And Operated. TTR Sotheby’s International Realty fully supports the principles of the Fair Housing Act and the Equal Opportunity Act.


Wild Turkey for Thanksgiving by Bonna L. Nelson

But first, let’s talk turkey. The Eastern Wild Turkey is one of five distinct subspecies of wild turkeys found in North America and the only one found in Maryland. You have probably seen wild turkeys along the edges of woods and in open farm fields. Usually, you will see a group of turkeys, called a rafter ~ five to ten turkeys, mostly hens, one or two gobblers and some babies, called poults ~ pecking and poking around in the grasses and weeds for bugs, seeds and nuts. According to the Maryland Depar tment of Nat ura l Resources

Have you ever t hought about having wild turkey for Thanksgiving dinner? My husband, John, did. One year he went turkey hunting with a guide, deep in the forests of Caroline County near Federalsburg, Maryland. Shooting wild turkeys is not as easy as you might think. They tried without success. I have his story to share. If you do manage to shoot a wild turkey with a shotgun or a bow and arrow, then what? How do you dress and prepare it? How do you cook it? How does it taste? I have that story for you, too.


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TALBOT COUNTY FARM Approximately 285 acres bordering Miles Creek consisting of 5 contiguous parcels each with their own perc and designated homesite. Approximately 160 acres are tillable. There are 2 impoundment ponds. With its mix of fields, woods and marsh this farm is great for hunting deer, turkey, ducks and geese. The 40 x 60 building with electric is great for storing your gear and hanging out. No ag. easements presently in place. $2,400,000.

Helping Buyers and Sellers Reach Their Dreams Since 1989 34

Helping Buyers and Sellers Reach Their Dreams Since 1989

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Traci Jordan Associate Broker, GRI

Wild Turkey

dant forest at 5 a.m. They erected a camouflage blind on a ridge in the middle of the woods that overlooked a clearing where the turkeys were expected to make an appearance. Turkeys roost in trees and fly down to eat in the morning. The hunters sat and waited patiently, not talking, for hours, hoping that turkeys would wander by on a food quest. To lure the turkeys, the guide used

(DNR), the wild turkey population has successfully rebounded, thanks to the assistance of various wildlife management groups. There are now roughly 40,000 w ild turkeys in Maryland, 180,000 in Virginia and 217,000 in Pennsylvania. Yes, even with 40,000 turkeys available for the Thanksgiving feast, none were shot on the day John went hunting. He and his guide dressed in camouf lage gear from head to toe after spraying repellent to keep away chiggers, ticks and mosquitoes. (John is a magnet for those nasty stinging and biting critters.) They arrived at their designated meeting spot next to a dense, ver-

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Wild Turkey

erative Extension of the University of Maryland shares that though the wild turkey resembles the domestic turkey that usually crowns the Thanksgiving table, it differs in color, size and shape.

various turkey calls including a box call and a mouth call. These devices mimic the turkey’s gobble, yelp and clucks. Of f in the distance they heard some turkey chatter, gobbles, calls and ground scratching. But not one bird came to the clearing in sight of the blind. John couldn’t believe it! Forty thousand birds in Maryland? Really?

Some interesting facts about the wild turkey include that the males, called gobblers or toms and females, called hens, also differ in appearance from each other, as with most birds. Gobblers are larger than hens. Their plumage is dark brown, almost black, with an overall green and bronze metallic iridescence seen especially in bright sunlight. The long tail feathers on the wild male birds, which they fan to display dominance, are cinnamon-brown with chocolatecolored tips. Gobblers have bright, featherless, variable-colored heads of red, white and blue. They have white and black bars on their wings and a wingspan of five feet. A rough and bristly black beard, reaching as long as 12 inches, protrudes from their chests. Eastern Wild Turkey males weigh between 18 to 25 pounds. Their beards are the longest of all of the

During the spring 2021 turkey hunting season, 3,910 wild turkeys were harvested in Maryland. The wild birds are found in all 23 of Maryland’s counties. On the Eastern Shore, 149 turkeys were harvested in Caroline County, where John hunted. Talbot County only harvested 80 turkeys, Dorchester came in at 197, Kent, 151, and Queen Anne’s, 120. Worcester County, with 295 birds taken, comes closest to the harvests in the western counties. But zero for my husband. The domestic Thanksgiving turkey descended from the wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo). A fact sheet on the Eastern Wild Turkey produced by the Maryland Coop38


Wild Turkey North American subspecies, and their very strong gobble is the loudest of all subspecies. The beards are thought to play a role in mate selection. In nature, it’s all about mate selection and best breeding, isn’t it? The longer beard signifies to the hen that the gobbler is an older, healthier male and a superior mate. Even their leg spurs ~ sharp, bony spikes on the backs of the legs ~ are used to establish dominance. Older, more dominant turkeys have the longest, sharpest spurs to fend off younger turkeys fighting for the right to breed. The hen is smaller, thinner, shorter and less colorful than the gobbler. The hen’s body is brown and tan and duller than the gobbler’s. They have brown-tipped breast feathers. The hen’s head has feathers and is usually gray or pale blue, sometimes

with a bit of light pink showing. Hens seldom have a beard, don’t have spurs and usually weigh between 8 and 12 pounds. They make soft clucks but never gobble. Wild turkeys have keen eyesight, acute hearing and are agile flyers, believe it or not, according to the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. One of the wariest birds in the woods, they can fly up to 60 miles per hour and a distance of one mile.



Wild Turkey They can outrun a dog and a horse, though many times they just walk or run away from danger. So impressed with the turkey was Benjamin Franklin that he once proposed the wild turkey become our official national bird because of its superior intelligence and respectability! Hmm, the wild turkey versus the noble, graceful American bald eagle? Which would you pick? I learned that wild turkeys were abundant during the precolonial period in America. As with other animal species, the turkey population decreased as the human population increased and the land was settled and cleared for farming and homes. Habitat loss was a major factor, but overhunting also contributed. Extensive timber cutting decimated forests,

and turkey and other wildlife populations were greatly reduced in number as a result. By 1919, the state game warden declared that wild turkeys were gone from Maryland except in a few western counties. Due to the turkey population degradation, the state of Maryland began a program to promote the return of the bird. Wild turkey hunting season was closed. Habitat and forests were restored. Game farm propagation

Photo by Donald M. Jones


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OXFORD, MD 1. Mon. 2. Tues. 3. Wed. 4. Thurs. 5. Fri. 6. Sat. 7. Sun. 8. Mon. 9. Tues. 10. Wed. 11. Thurs. 12. Fri. 13. Sat. 14. Sun. 15. Mon. 16. Tues. 17. Wed. 18. Thurs. 19. Fri. 20. Sat. 21. Sun. 22. Mon. 23. Tues. 24. Wed. 25. Thurs. 26. Fri. 27. Sat. 28. Sun. 29. Mon. 30. Tues.



12:58 1:46 2:33 3:20 4:07 4:55 4:47 5:42 6:40 7:44 8:50 9:59 11:06 12:26 1:09 1:48 2:26 3:03 3:41 4:21 5:02 5:46 6:33 7:22 8:16 9:13 10:12 11:10 -

1:36 2:27 3:17 4:06 4:56 5:46 5:38 6:33 7:32 8:35 9:39 10:41 11:37 12:08 1:05 1:55 2:40 3:21 3:58 4:33 5:07 5:42 6:20 7:02 7:48 8:38 9:29 10:21 11:13 12:07



8:02 8:38 9:12 9:48 10:26 12:16 12:17 1:17 2:17 3:16 4:13 5:07 5:56 6:40 7:19 7:52 8:21 8:48 9:14 9:43 10:16 12:39 1:20 2:01 2:44 3:27 4:09 4:50 5:29 6:07

8:10 9:13 10:15 11:16 11:07am 10:53am 11:45am 12:44 1:53 3:10 4:29 5:44 6:51 7:52 8:48 9:40 10:29 11:14 11:57 10:52am 11:33am 12:18 1:09 2:08 3:15 4:30 5:46 6:59

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Wild Turkey

turkey population and the harvest numbers to ensure that the populations remain strong. Wild turkeys are described as extremely shy and elusive; maybe

and release, importation and release and trap and transport programs were successful and are still in practice today. Due to these successful programs, wild turkeys have been reestablished in all of Maryland’s 23 counties. According to the DNR, the statewide wild turkey population has remained relatively stable over the last decade, though numbers fluctuate from year to year. The highest densities are found in the western forests and Eastern Shore regions of the state. Turkeys continue to flourish and reproduce. Hunters are allowed to pursue the bird in limited spring and fall hunts. DNR monitors the

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Wild Turkey

brood at the edge of the woods, where they eat. As for preparing and eating wild turkeys, if you can, unlike my husband, harvest one, it takes much more effort to prepare and cook wild meat. The meat is usually dry, tough and chewy. It has to be cooked in a way that retains as much moisture as possible. The meat is dry because it is up to 50 percent leaner, not filled with saltwater and butter or oil like domestic, processed turkeys that are fed a special diet to plump them up. The wild turkey should be field dressed as soon as possible, removing entrails, organs, crop, head, neck, etc. If you plan to deep-fry, smoke or roast the turkey as a whole bird, you will need to pluck the feathers out and keep the skin over the whole bird. Cut off the wings and legs and save. Clean out the cavity. Soaking the dressed bird in saltwater will keep the meat moist. The breast meat is the most tender, with the thighs or legs the most flavorful. Scalding the bird in a pot of water helps to loosen remaining feathers. After removing the last of the feathers, rub butter or olive oil and spices such as thyme, parsley, salt and pepper in the cavity and on the skin. Then cook as you would a domestic turkey. The taste will be similar to whatever the wild turkey ate: farmer’s field remnants, beans, corn, seed, or insects and forest floor pickings. But you will feast on a chemical-free, free-range meal.

that’s why my husband’s hunt did not bear fruit ~ or turkey. These so-called “vacuums of the forest” scratch leaves on the ground looking for fruit, nuts, grasses, snails and slugs. They also enjoy flowers, leaves, trees, grasshoppers, beetles and crickets. In addition to spotting rafters or flocks of turkeys on the edge of a field or forest, you might spot scratching and footprints on the forest f loor during a hike through the woods. You might also see wild turkey nests, which are usually eight by ten inches, created on the forest floor near a log or tree under low branches. The hen lays one egg a day until a clutch of a dozen eggs is laid. Once the eggs hatch, the hen proudly shows off her


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Wild Turkey

Too much work for a tough, dry, chewy turkey dinner? Domestic turkey meat is juicier and more tender, with large, plump breasts, so plenty of white meat, if that is your favorite. No dressing the bird is involved. Just rub with your favorite butter or oil and season inside and out. Use your favorite cooking method, and you’ll be assured a tasty Thanksgiving feast. The hu nter s he a rd t he tom s’ gobbles in search of food and mates and hens’ responses of clucks and yelps. The guide’s calls of gobbles and clucks yielded no response. The hunters didn’t alter the wild turkey population on that trip. As a result, John roasted a plump, juicy domestic turkey that year for our holiday meal. For that, I was very grateful. Happy Thanksgiving to you and yours! Bonna L. Nelson is a Bay-area writer, columnist, photographer and world traveler. She resides in Easton with her husband, John. 52





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In Search of Englishness by Richard W. Walker

Given all of its English place names, Maryland’s Eastern Shore sounds like anglophile heaven: Oxford, Cambridge, Salisbury, Queen Anne and Queen Anne’s County, Princess Anne, Easton, Talbot, Dorchester, Kent, Worcester, Somerset and so on. It’s not surprising that one hears stories about tourists or ex-pats from England trekking across the Bay Bridge in a quixotic search for a pint of bitter and a decent steak-and-kidney pie. To be sure, English visitors to

Centreville might be delighted to find at the courthouse a life-size bronze statue of Queen Anne, the county’s namesake, who reigned over Great Britain and Ireland from 1702 until her death in 1714. When the statue was unveiled with splashy fanfare in June 1977, thousands of Royal watchers and anglophiles descended on diminutive Centreville for the celebration, the main attraction being Queen Elizabeth’s daughter, Princess Anne, who presided over the dedication



clared Maryland Gov. Blair Lee III. “The princess is in a place where roots go deep.” Well, true ~ up to a point. The Eastern Shore is extraordinarily rich in Anglo-American history but its kinship with England suffered a mortal blow after that great set-to between the mother country and her offspring in the colonies commenced in 1776. As a result, a visitor to the Shore today will find few palpable traces of Englishness, ancient or modern. One modest exception is Oxford ~ once one of the Crown’s most important ports in the mid-Atlantic colonies ~ where tokens of Englishness persist. You can get proper fish and chips with peas and a

ceremony. During her speech, the princess looked out over “a sea of Union Jacks and straw hats,” the Washington Post reported on June 19, 1977. “Her royal highness is very much among her own people here,” de-

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Englishness glass of fine English-style beer at the Robert Morris Inn, which dates to 1711, and soak up its 18th-century aura ~ 310-year-old oak timber beams fastened with hand-hewn pegs and fireplaces built of bricks from England. Also at the Inn, expanding our theme to Britishness to include Scotland, you can dine on haggis and cock-a-leekie soup at the annual Burns Night celebration in February. The popular Scottish Highland Creamery was launched by Scotsman Victor Barlow, who on special occasions in Oxford could be found scooping ice cream from a cart in his kilt and full Scottish

regalia. Some houses in Oxford f ly the Calvert Arms f lag, which bears the King’s Colors, or Union Jack,




Easton Map and History The County Seat of Talbot Count y. Established around early religious settlements and a court of law, Histor ic Dow ntow n Easton is today a centerpiece of fine specialt y shops, business and cultural activ ities, unique restaurants, and architectural fascination. Treel i ne d s t r e e t s a r e graced with various per iod str uctures and remarkable home s , c a r e f u l l y preser ved or re stored. Because of its histor ic a l significance, historic Easton has earned distinction as the “C olon ia l C apitol of the Eastern Shore” and was honored as number eight in the book “The 100 Best Small Towns in America.” With a population of over 16,500, Easton offers the best of many worlds including access to large metropolitan areas like Baltimore, Annapolis, Washington, and Wilmington. For a walking tour and more history visit https:// tidewatertimes.com/travel-tourism/easton-maryland/. © John Norton



was The Spectator, a venerable London-based weekly that opened a window on a particularly insular, tweedy fragment of the London political, literary and cultural world. One former Spectator writer termed it “a publication so selfconsciously English it could have been edited by anglophiles, rather than Englishmen.” In those pre-internet days, I picked up The Spectator and the London papers each week at Hoteling’s, a newsagent in Times Square that specialized in out-of-town and overseas publications. The first thing I turned to in The Spectator was Low Life, a brilliant and mordantly funny column by journalist

and the gold and black diamonds of the Calvert coat of arms. The Calverts were the Lords Baltimore, proprietors of the Royal Colony of Maryland. Take a stroll around the village and you may run into one or two of the handful ex-pat Brits in Oxford walking their dogs, or even spot a dowager tootling along on a vintage one-speed bicycle with a wicker basket attached to handlebars. My own search for Englishness has taken me directly to the source. Beginning in the mid-1980s, I often traveled to London on business as the art-market writer for ARTnews magazine in New York. Like the English travelers seeking some little corner of England on the Eastern Shore, I enjoyed ferreting out Englishness in England, probing underneath the gaudy, Royalheavy veneer of tourist London in quest of authenticity: going to matches at Lord’s Cricket Ground or the Oval, and playing cricket with the Old Talbotians (yes, real name), a London friend’s amateur side; or booking in at the United Oxford and Cambridge University Club in Pall Mall and other London gentlemen’s clubs, inner sanctums of Englishness. In New York, I kept up with what was happening on the London cultural scene through the English press. One of my main sources 64



Englishness and legendary boozer Jeffrey Bernard, each 600-word piece reading like a perfectly crafted short story. The column centered on the drinking life in London’s Soho and was set at the Coach and Horses, a Greek Street pub that served as both Jeffrey’s office and watering hole. He once said he could never live anywhere beyond staggering distance of the Coach and Horses. The pub was patronized by the artists, writers, poets, actors, philosophers, bums and crooks who populated the column. Among Jeffrey’s cast of characters were Maltese Mary, Ironfoot Jack, No Knickers Joyce and Sid the Swimmer. I looked forward each week to Jeffrey’s latest droll musings and Soho misadventures, and his contretemps with Coach and Horses proprietor Norman Balon, by reputation London’s rudest landlord. When Low Life failed to appear, its usual space was occupied only by a single itali-

Jeffrey Bernard is Unwell cized line: Jeffrey Bernard is Unwell, meaning that he was too hungover to meet his deadline that week. Jeffrey Bernard came from a cultured background: his father was a successful architect and set designer, and his mother an opera singer. Patrician in bearing and devilishly handsome in his prime, Jeffrey was a lover of classical music who was married four times to beautiful women, all of whom put up with


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purplish faces of veteran tipplers. I worked my way toward the bar, edging past a tall fellow in a top hat swaying unsteadily and holding a tiny dog on a long leash. “Is it still Friday?” he brayed to no one in particular (it was Saturday). I passed a bow-tied fogey, a 20-something with a heavy gold pocket-watch chain dangling from the lapel of a bulky tweed jacket, chatting amiably with an Oscar Wilde lookalike (shoulder-length hair and black frock coat). Finding a seat at the long side of the bar, I ordered a pint. I saw no sign of Jeffrey. Sitting on my right was a big, thick-faced man in ordinary workingman’s garb, and it wasn’t long before we began to talk. His name was Langdon, and he was a Coach regular. Langdon told me he was originally from Ireland but considered himself “anglicized.” We discussed British politics. We compared life in New York and London. We also talked about pubs. I remarked that the Coach, unlike many London pubs, had no video games, blinking away and discharging their maddening electronic pat-

his unrepentant womanizing and hooch-driven recklessness until enough was enough. Curious to check out the scene for myself, I went to the Coach and Horses for the first time on a winter evening in early 1986. After peering in the front windows, I walked around to the Coach’s side door on Romilly Street and stepped inside. The interior was surprisingly spare ~ blond wood and kitsch-modern design accented by red-plastic barstool seats and Formica-topped tables.

The place was busy, hardly room to move. I looked around. Here was English eccentricity on full display. The crowd was an incongruous collection of drinkers ~ young fogeys, cultural contrarians of the time who dressed like characters from Brideshead Revisited; bearded bohemians in black; scruffy students from the nearby St. Martin’s School of Art; a few chaps in City pinstripes and bold Jermyn Street shirts; and plainly dressed older men with the 70



and all eyes turned toward the short side of the bar. There he was ~ Jeffrey Bernard in the flesh, reeling drunk and engaged in some unpleasantness with another drinker. I had no idea how long he had been there, but now I could see him through a clearing in the crowd. He was still a striking figure back then, with dashing good looks and a wave of thick white hair spilling over his forehead. Several people restrained Jeffrey, and things settled down. A short time later, I saw him face down on the bar, passed out. It dawned on me that Jeffrey really did live the soaker’s life in Soho, except that he transformed its raw, unexpurgated reality into art once a week in The Spectator. One writer’s quip that Low Life

ter, or stereo system, blasting rock music and thumping bass lines. “This is the music here,” Langdon said, referring with a nod to the roar of conversation around us. I bought him a pint and broached a question about Jeffrey Bernard and life at the Coach as depicted in the column. “Ah, Jeffrey,” he said pensively. “We think of him as the Chaucer of Soho, and the Coach and Horses is full of his characters, like the Canterbury Tales.” At length, Langdon bid good-bye and left. It was almost closing time. The bar was still jammed. Suddenly, there was a disturbance in the back. “You bloody pr---k!” boomed an operatic voice. The pub went quiet,




But as the years wore on, the Coach and Horses gradually disappeared from Low Life as Jeff rey’s frail body finally began giving up the long fight. Toward the end, the column, when it ran, was largely about his days at home in a tower block, wheelchair bound, kidneys and liver failing, one leg amputated below the knee. Then, on September 4, 1997, Jeff rey expired, aged 65, and the Low Life column was gone. Back in London early the next year, I stopped into the Coach and Horses after a long, jovial lunch at the nearby Garrick Club with a colleague, a London journalist and novelist. I bought a pint and raised a private glass to the late Jeffrey Bernard, the Chaucer of Soho. But there was nothing to lament. On a cold, dim winter afternoon, the Coach was bright and lively. Full of cheer, I settled back at a table and savored the atmosphere of the pub. No video games, no rock music. Only Chaucer characters and the murmur of conversation, the music of London life and of Englishness in essentia sua.

was “a suicide note in weekly installments” now had the formidable ring of truth. As the crowd thinned out, Jeff rey vanished, presumably out the side door and into the Soho night. Three years later, in 1989, Jeff rey found worldwide fame after Keith Waterhouse’s play Jeff rey Bernard is Unwell, based on Low Life, became a smash hit in the West End. I remember opening up the New York Times arts pages one morning to find a story about the play and a picture of Peter O’Toole as Jeff rey, sprawled across the bar of the stageset Coach and Horses, a stylized but accurate recreation of the real thing.

Richard W. Walker is a longtime journalist and freelance writer living in Oxford. He started his career at the Salisbury Daily Times and went on to work for the Washington Post, the New York Times, TimesMirror Magazines, ARTnews magazine, and Post-Newsweek Tech Media, among others. 74

Part of the neighborhood since 2014.

Bob Bennett, Branch Leader and Financial Consultant Jim McCleery, Financial Consultant Lauren Whitt, Client Service Specialist

Thank you neighbors. A lot’s changed over the past seven years since we opened our doors on the Eastern Shore. But one thing that’s remained the same is our commitment to serving our neighbors. We’re proud to be part of this community and we look forward to helping investors work toward their goals for years to come. So give us a call or drop by, and talk to us about how we can help you.

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Caroline County – A Perspective Caroline County is the very definition of a rural community. For more than 300 years, the county’s economy has been based on “market” agriculture. Caroline County was created in 1773 from Dorchester and Queen Anne’s counties. The county was named for Lady Caroline Eden, the wife of Maryland’s last colonial governor, Robert Eden (1741-1784). Denton, the county seat, was situated on a point between two ferry boat landings. Much of the business district in Denton was wiped out by the fire of 1863. Following the Civil War, Denton’s location about fifty miles up the Choptank River from the Chesapeake Bay enabled it to become an important shipping point for agricultural products. Denton became a regular port-ofcall for Baltimore-based steamer lines in the latter half of the 19th century. Preston was the site of three Underground Railroad stations during the 1840s and 1850s. One of those stations was operated by Harriet Tubman’s parents, Benjamin and Harriet Ross. When Tubman’s parents were exposed by a traitor, she smuggled them to safety in Wilmington, Delaware. Linchester Mill, just east of Preston, can be traced back to 1681, and possibly as early as 1670. The mill is the last of 26 water-powered mills to operate in Caroline County and is currently being restored. The long-term goals include rebuilding the millpond, rehabilitating the mill equipment, restoring the miller’s dwelling, and opening the historic mill on a scheduled basis. Federalsburg is located on Marshyhope Creek in the southern-most part of Caroline County. Agriculture is still a major portion of the industry in the area; however, Federalsburg is rapidly being discovered and there is a noticeable influx of people, expansion and development. Ridgely has found a niche as the “Strawberry Capital of the World.” The present streetscape, lined with stately Victorian homes, reflects the transient prosperity during the countywide canning boom (1895-1919). Hanover Foods, formerly an enterprise of Saulsbury Bros. Inc., for more than 100 years, is the last of more than 250 food processors that once operated in the Caroline County region. Points of interest in Caroline County include the Museum of Rural Life in Denton, Adkins Arboretum near Ridgely, and the Mason-Dixon Crown Stone in Marydel. To contact the Caroline County Office of Tourism, call 410-479-0655 or visit their website at www.tourcaroline.com. 77

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Eagles Nest off Eastern Bay

Two adjacent waterfront parcels on a peninsula surrounded by Tilghman Creek off Eastern Bay at the mouth of the Miles River. Both parcels enjoy waterfront on two sides providing a combination of broad views and protected dockage. At 5.88 acres parcel 21, “Eagles View” is improved by a gorgeous 5500+ sf home w/sailboatdepth dock. At 10.26 acres parcel 20 is buildable with 6 BR Septic Disposal Area and choice of dock sites. $3,998,000

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Dorchester Map and History

© John Norton

Dorchester County is known as the Heart of the Chesapeake. It is rich in Chesapeake Bay history, folklore and tradition. With 1,700 miles of shoreline (more than any other Maryland county), marshlands, working boats, quaint waterfront towns and villages among fertile farm fields – much still exists of what is the authentic Eastern Shore landscape and traditional way of life along the Chesapeake. For more information about Dorchester County visit https://tidewatertimes.com/travel-tourism/dorchester/. 81

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by K. Marc Teffeau, Ph.D.

Out of Your Gourd When fall arrives, retail centers are awash with displays of mums, asters, fall-f lowering grasses and other plants that add color in the fall landscape. Of course, don’t forget the pumpkins of all shapes, sizes and colors. You can also find many types of hard-and soft-shelled gourds with

unique shapes and color patterns to liven up the decorative display on your front porch. Gourds belong to the family Cucurbitaceae, which consists of 95 genera that include 965 species. This family includes cucumbers, squash, pumpkins and melons. Gourds are generally divided


Tidewater Gardening

ia spp.) are longer-lasting gourds. Bottle gourds, an excellent example of a hard-shelled gourd, are dried and used for decorative and valuable purposes like dippers, containers and birdhouses. These species of gourds produce white f lowers. Finally, the Luffa (Luffa sp.) or sponge gourds are used for dishrags or sponges because of their

into three groups. Small fruited or pepo gourds (Cucurbita pepo) are grown primarily for temporary use in fall, are closely related to pumpkins and produce yellow f lowers. Crafters usually refer to these varieties of gourds as being soft-shelled. Hard-shelled gourds (Lagenar-

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birdhouses. Some types are edible while young and tender, prepared like summer squash. Now, they are typically dried, eaten or used as fall decorations. Hard-shelled gourds can be categorized according to shape and size. Familiar gourd names include basket, bottle, martin, dipper and snake. Even within these broad categories, each gourd is unique in both shape and size. No two are identical ~ this makes it more interesting to craft with them. If you are growing gourds, it is important to harvest them at the proper time. Once it matures and the vine dies, remove the gourd fruit from the vine. Don’t be tempted to pick the fruit until the vine is dried; doing so will result in the fruit withering. Immature fruit can be damaged by frost. The mature fruit, however, is not damaged by frost. When mature, the thin shell becomes extremely hard and durable and can last for several years. After harvest, thoroughly dry the harvested hard-shelled gourds by placing them on a sunny outdoor rack. Drying may take all winter. The dried fruit will be much lighter and will likely have mold on its surface. It may even smell. Thin-shelled gourds are fully cured when the seeds rattle inside. The dried gourds can be cleaned by soaking them in water, scraping off the thin skin with a knife or scouring pad and then soaking them in a

soft interior fibers. They have yellow f lowers. Hard-shelled gourds (Cucurbitaceae lagenaria) are easy to grow if you have room in the vegetable garden. Gourds have been grown around the world since prehistoric times. They were one of the first plants domesticated by man. Remains of gourds, used extensively as utensils, were found in Egyptian tombs of the Twelfth Dynasty, about 2200 or 2400 B.C. Gourds had many practical uses for early people throughout recorded history, including utensils, dippers, grain and water storage containers, musical instruments and religious purposes. Native Americans also used them for


dilute bleach solution. The gourds should be sun-dried and stored in a protected area out of the weather until you are ready to craft with them. Doing crafts with gourds is an enjoyable and creative hobby. Crafting efforts can be simple or involved, depending upon the gourd that you use and your artistic inclination. You can paint the outside of the gourd with color

patterns or pictures. The outer surface can be wood burned, carved, stained, dyed or painted. Many gourd crafters make unique birdhouses out of the hardshelled gourds that they have harvested. To make a birdhouse, you’ll need to drill an entrance hole and scrape out the seeds and pulp before you decorate the outer surface. You can craft the gourd into a bowl or a vase by cutting a larger part of the top (or side) out and sanding the inside. Regardless of what you craft the gourd into, putting a finishing coat of polyurethane, enamel or wax on all visible surfaces is recommended. Coating the gourd surface can increase the shelf life of soft-shelled gourds by four to six

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Tidewater Gardening

in a few inches of the ground. This practice will help root development and make them send out vigorous sprouts in the spring. Some mums may be lifted and heeled into a cold frame. Plants for potting can be propagated from the side sprouts that develop. Raking is one of those fall chores that needs to be done almost continuously in November. Leaves should be gently raked out of the f lower bed and removed. But before raking through herbaceous perennials such as lilies and iris, cut the plant stems and leaves. Avoid pulling the stems or leaves up because that produces holes in the plant’s crown that can lead to rot problems. Check your perennial beds af-

months or longer. If you have the garden space, consider planting some hard- and soft-shelled gourds next spring. There are several activities to do now in the landscape. When chrysanthemums are through f lowering, remove the stalks at once with-


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Protect the roots of azaleas and rhododendrons with a heavy mulch of organic materials (i.e., oak leaves, wood chips or pine straw) on the surface. After a killing frost, long, vigorous shoots of roses may be cut back to 18 to 20 inches so they are not whipped by the winter winds, which may loosen the roots and make the plant more susceptible to winter injury. Mound the canes with 8 inches of soil for winter protection; remove before growth begins in the spring. In the vegetable garden, root crops such as beets, carrots and turnips can be stored right in the ground through most of the winter. Cover them with a few inches of soil and add a thick mulch over the

ter fall rains. Water that collects on the surface in the beds during winter will freeze and can damage perennials. Dig shallow trenches to help drain excess water away. Then, make a note to raise that bed in spring or to plant with plants that like “wet feet.”


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earth to add some additional storage time for the crops. Continue to clean up and compost any old debris left in the garden. Remove grass and weeds from trunks of fruit trees and grapes to prevent damage by mice and rodents. Leave a bare circle (one foot wide) around tree trunks when spreading mulch to keep mice from

feeding on the bark. A collar or fence of poultry wire or a commercial tree guard approximately 18 inches high will deter rodents and rabbits. Other activities for November include potting and forcing tulip bulbs for winter bloom, pruning the old canes out of raspberry bushes and starting paperwhites in late November for Christmas flowering. With the cooler weather, we will get some critter invasions inside the house. Besides mice, we also have insect invaders like boxelder bugs. These are black and red insects about 5/8 of an inch long that resemble stink bugs. Each fall, they congregate in large numbers on female boxelder trees and on the sun-



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Tidewater Gardening

the boxelder tree that is attracting them to your home. Other insect invaders include stink bugs, lady beetles, ants, centipedes and millipedes. The best control for these insects is to keep them out of your house by sealing up any cracks and crevices around windows, doors and the exterior foundation. When outside temperatures start dipping into the 50s, bring the houseplants you set outside for the summer back into the house. Check the plants for any insect or disease problems, discard any that are heavily infested, or treat them with an aerosol houseplant insect spray. Set the plants in a sunny window or under artificial light. Do not be alarmed if some plants drop quite a few leaves. Leaf drop is a common reaction to the reduced light levels and the dry, heated air of the indoor environment. During the cooler temperatures and shorter days of winter, the growth of most houseplants slows. New growth will be minimal until spring unless plants are grown un-

ny side of houses near these trees. Boxelder bugs frequently invade the inside of the house through openings around windows and doors. This is when they become a real problem. Although they don’t bite, eat any stored foods or bother house plants, their presence in large numbers makes them a real nuisance. When crushed, they also leave a red stain that is difficult to remove from fabrics. If you need to control boxelder bugs, you can spray them with either insecticidal soap or a labeled contact insecticide like Sevin outside the house. A permanent solution is to remove

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der an artificial light source left on 16 hours per day. Reduce fertilization and water until late April or May, when new growth resumes. If you like to grow African violets, they do well when potted in small pots. A good general rule is to use a pot one-third the diameter of the plant. To humidify African violets, surround the pot with moist peat contained in a second pot. Happy Gardening! Marc Teffeau retired as Director of Research and Regulatory Affairs at the American Nursery and Landscape Association in Washington, D.C. He now lives in Georgia with his wife, Linda.

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Two Tilghmans: Tench and Bill by A.M. Foley

ter at Valley Forge, Tench chose to serve Washington as a volunteer before finally consenting to appointment as an officer. His f luency in French was especially valuable. When American and French forces trapped the British along lower Chesapeake Bay, compelling Lord Cornwallis’s submission, independence was assured. General Washington chose Tench to convey Cornwallis’s surrender to Congress. Though ill, he could not refuse the honor. In reversal of Paul Revere, Colonel Tilghman sped triumphant

Eastern Shore history abounds with Tilghmans. The patriot Tench Tilghman (1744-1786) was born not far from Tilghman Island. Tench broke early from well-to-do relations who were initially Loyalists. He enlisted when American independence was first declared and ultimately rose to Lieutenant Colonel in the Continental Army, serving throughout the war as an aide to George Washington. (Elitist cousin Peggy, on the other hand, became Mrs. Benedict Arnold, sometimes blamed for his defection.) Through early defeats and win-



St. Michaels Map and History

© John Norton

On the broad Miles River, with its picturesque tree-lined streets and beautiful harbor, St. Michaels has been a haven for boats plying the Chesapeake and its inlets since the earliest days. Here, some of the handsomest models of the Bay craft, such as canoes, bugeyes, pungys and some famous Baltimore Clippers, were designed and built. The Church, named “St. Michael’s,” was the first building erected (about 1677) and around it clustered the town that took its name. For a walking tour and more history of the St. Michaels area visit https://tidewatertimes.com/travel-tourism/st-michaels-maryland/. 99

Two Tilghmans news from Yorktown to Philadelphia: The British are going! His grueling four-day gallop earned Congressional awards of a dress sword and horse. Two paintings celebrate his wartime prominence: “Washington, Lafayette, and Tilghman at Yorktown” by Charles Willson Peale hangs in the Maryland State House; “News of Yorktown” by J. L. G. Ferris, in Enoch Pratt Library, shows him en route, announcing victory to a household usually assumed to be Eastern Shore family. A few decades later, one Tilghman headed west. William Matthew Tilghman migrated from the

Eastern Shore to the frontier, Fort Dodge, Iowa. In 1854, William Jr.

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was the fort’s first birth, father and son both born on Fourths of July. Records indicate the elder Tilghman may not have typified the aristocratic family branch. He was jailed at least once for drunkenness; his wife, Amanda worked among the laundresses, who washed troops’ clothes. Legend says a hostile arrow once grazed her infant, the first of many close calls Bill survived. Bill honed his marksmanship as a teenager, hunting buffalo with his father’s .40-caliber Sharps rif le. A war party killed his companion, older brother Richard Lloyd Tilghman. Notebooks show Bill killed twice as many buffalos as Buffalo Bill Cody. Tilghman

later scouted for the army, married and settled into ranch life outside Dodge City, Kansas. Reputedly he


Two Tilghmans lost everything in a Cheyenne raid and fell in with outlaws, working the wrong side of the fence, stealing horses from Native Americans. According to the Dodge City Daily Globe, Sheriff Bat Masterson in 1878 arrested Bill as a suspected train robber but released him for lack of evidence. Dodge City had developed west of Fort Dodge, starting with a bar set up inside a tent in 1872. Alcoholic beverages were banned from the five-mile-distant Iowa fort. Before prosperity from cattle dealings initiated demands for law and order, growing pains of the unregulated Kansas town spawned

enduring outlaw legends. A teetotaler himself, Bill Tilghman ran Dodge City’s Crystal Palace Saloon, but his sharpshooter’s reputation opened various options in “Bloody Kansas.” Tilghman became a lawman when Sheriff Masterson hired his former suspect as a deputy. With Masterson and Wyatt Earp, Tilghman tamed Dodge City and earned appointment as a U. S. Marshal. Perhaps things got too tame for Tilghman. He moved farther west for the Great Oklahoma Territory Land Rush. At noon on April 22, 1889, 50,000 prospective landowners raced for a stake in Indian Territory. The previous month,

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Oxford Map and History




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Oxford is one of the oldest towns in Maryland. Although already settled for perhaps 20 years, Oxford Oxford Bellevue Ferry marks the year 1683 177 166 as its official founding, 155 nd a tr . S St 144 for in that year Oxford The 133 was first named by n a 188 199 hm Tilg the Maryland General k e e Assembly as a seaport Cr 122 St. n and was laid out as a son Wil 11 East town. In 1694, OxSt. lair St. t nc 10 e Si rk St. Ma ford and a new town Oxford 9 t. Park hS called Anne Arundel son Hig 8 Richard . St (now Annapolis) were n Divisio St. selected the only ports of entry for the entire Town ni . o Rd n eek Cr Be ve. A Maryland province. n 3 isio t. Until the American S Div W. 2 Revolution, Oxford 1 . t S ne enjoyed prominence roli 7 Ca 333 Oxford Road To Easton as an international Pleasant Oxford St. Community shipping center surCenter Hbr. es ob R 4 Ct. rounded by wealthy E. Pier St. Pier St. tobacco plantations. Oxford Today, Oxford is a © John Norton 6 5 charming tree-lined and waterbound village with a population of just over 700 and is still important in boat building and yachting. It has a protected harbor for watermen who harvest oysters, crabs, clams and fish, and for sailors from all over the Bay. For a walking tour and more history visit https://tidewatertimes. com/travel-tourism/oxford-maryland/.

Two Tilghmans Benjamin Harrison had offered nearly two million acres to settlers. Tilghman staked his claim near Guthrie, a future state capital, said to have grown to 10,000 inhabitants between noon and midnight. He eventually established a stud farm near Chandler, Oklahoma, to augment a lawman’s income. Deputy U. S. Marshal in the 1890s, Tilghman was considered a mild-mannered “bring-em-backalive” lawman. Soft-spoken and never first to draw his gun, he was fearless and lethal when challenged. Hired as sheriff of Lincoln County in the later ’90s, he captured eight of nine accused horse

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thieves. In the ninth case, he recovered the horse and, later, the thief. In total, he saw eighty-four criminals convicted during his term, including thieves, bank robbers and murderers. One citizen attested, “When crime was committed, the night was never too strong or too dark for him to go after criminals. He went and kept going until he captured them and landed them in jail, and kept them until they were indicted and convicted.” Like his eastern cousin Tench, Bill encountered a U. S. president. Theodore Roosevelt was in Oklahoma Territory hunting wolves. The president asked how Tilghman had survived so many gunfights. The Iowa History Journal

recounts this conversation: “Bill, you’ve been a frontier lawman practically all your life and you’re still alive and healthy. How do you account for that?” A man of few words, Bill guessed it was luck, but the president wasn’t persuaded, countering, “They tell me you’re the fastest draw and the best shot in the West . . . ” “I always managed to beat the other fellow to it by a sixteenth of a second,” said Tilghman. The president pressed him on instances of bushwackers. “Well, Sir, when you’ve got the right on your side, you’ve always got an edge on the other man.” Tilghman gained fame with Chris Madsen and Heck Thomas


Two Tilghmans

as the Three Guardsmen, a trio of the best in the territory. When the Dalton Gang was busted during a Coffeyville, Kansas, bank robbery, several survived, including one Dalton brother and Bill Doolin, the remnant’s leaders. Reminiscent of Butch and Sundance, the Three Guardsmen doggedly tracked the surviving gang members across state lines. (“Who are those guys?”) Tilghman singlehandedly took Doolin and brought him back alive. Bill was the second Tilghman to receive a unique presidential assignment: TR asked, might the marshal capture an embezzler who had eluded other federal officers? The San Francisco Railroad’s pay-

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master had absconded to Mexico with the payroll. Early-1900s Mexico was dangerous, especially Aguascalientes, a remote village infested with banditos from both sides of the border. Presented with a letter from TR, President Porfirio Diaz asked Tilghman how many federal troops he required, but the lawman preferred to ride 300 dangerous miles alone. The day Tilghman reached the village, the embezzler rode out of Aguascalientes, herded by the marshal with a rif le across his saddle. Roosevelt exclaimed, “Bill Tilghman would charge hell with a bucket.” In a career spanning from 1877 to 1924, Tilghman saw the sun set on the Old West: buffalo waned,

railroad tracks replaced wagon ruts, Natives were forced onto reservations, oil was discovered, territories were admitted to statehood . . . By spring 1924, Bill was retired to Chandler, Oklahoma, with his second wife, Zoe, and three sons, one he named Tench. Zoe didn’t know Bill was suffering with cancer when an oilman came to persuade him to tackle the boomtown Cromwell, “the wickedest town in Oklahoma.” Chris Madsen advised his seventy-year-old comrade, “You ain’t so young now. Your draw’s a little slow. Someone might kill you!” Bill supposedly replied, “It’s better to die in a gunfight than in bed like a woman.” He rode for the wildcat-

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Two Tilghmans ters’ lair of gamblers, drunkards and prostitutes. Prohibition had come to America, but a gusher had come to the Greater Seminole Oil Field. Cromwell’s kingpin sold drugs from Mexico and hooch from Oklahoma City mobsters. Among his customers was Wiley Lynn, the federal Prohibition Agent who sprang offenders as quick as Marshal Tilghman arrested them. Within six months, the marshal was killed on the street of Cromwell, not in a gunfight but by the federal officer’s concealed weapon. A drunken Lynn had stopped his black sedan outside

Ma Murphy’s Cafe. With him was Rose Lutke, proprietress of “Rose Rooms.” Apparently showing off for Rosie, Lynn fired his pistol into the dirt street. Hearing the shot, Tilghman left his coffee in the cafe to investigate. Not wearing his gunbelt against the tumor, Tilghman pulled a Colt .32 from his vest. He pinned Lynn’s gun hand while Deputy Marshal Sawyer wrested away the weapon. Then Tilghman dropped his guard and released his grip, only to have Lynn pull a second gun from inside his coat and fire point blank twice into the marshal’s chest. Tilghman was carried to a couch in a used furniture store, where he died twenty min-

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Oxford Business Association November Calendar

Oxford Museum - Audio walking tour is a great way to spend an afternoon. Info at oxfordmuseummd.org, 100 S. Morris St., 410 226-0101 Caronna Estate Sales - online auction at caronnacollections.com. Jam Session - Bring your instrument or voice and come jam with musical friends. Free. Must be vaccinated. Every Monday @ 6 pm, Oxford Community Center. Yoga with Susie Hurley. Mondays @ 1pm and Saturdays @ 9:30 am. Pre-registration required. $20/ class or $150/10 classes. Oxford Community Center, oxfordcc.org. Steady and Strong with Janet Pfeffer - A 45-minute class for adults who seek enhanced core and muscle strength as well as better balance. Tuesdays and Thursdays @ 10 am. Pre-registration required. $10/class, $80/10 classes. Oxford Community Center, oxfordcc.org. 11/1 - Beginner Chalk Mineral Paint Class – Learn how to use Dixie Belle chalk mineral paint and sealers. All materials provided. 5:30 – 8:30 p.m., $45. The Treasure Chest, 111 S. Morris St. For more info or sign up, go to treasurechestoxford.com or call 410-924-8817. 11/5 - Bring Your Own Piece Furniture Painting Class – bring a small piece such as a small table, plant stand, footstool, picture frame, bread box and learn how to paint it with Chalk Mineral paint. 5:30– 8:30 p.m., $65. The Treasure Chest, 111 S. Morris St. For more info or sign up, go to treasurechestoxford. com or call 410-924-8817. 11/6 – Cars and Coffee – Final one for the season! Anyone can come out and enjoy cars, coffee, and camaraderie. Sponsored by Prestige Auto Vault and Doc’s Sunset Grille. Oxford Community Center. Free; 8:30 -10:30 a.m. oxfordcc.org 11/4-7 – The Great Gatsby –Presented by the Tred Avon Players at Oxford Community Center. Go to tredavonplayers.org for more info and tickets. Proof of covid vaccination and masks required. 11/10 –Operation Save a Life – Free Narcan Training - information and instruction on recognizing overdoses and administering Narcan that will reverse it. Offered by Talbot Goes Purple and Oxford Community Center; 9 – 10:30 am. Register at oxfordcc.com or 410-226-5904. Registration closes 48 hours prior to class. 11/10 or 18 - Decorative Gnome Painting Class – use Dixie Belle chalk paint to create a decorative wooden gnome plaque. All materials provided. 5:30 –7 p.m., $36. The Treasure Chest, 111 S. Morris St. For more info or sign up, go to treasurechestoxford.com or call 410-924-8817. 11/13 – Model Boat Show & Fall Family Festival – Free indoor & outdoor exhibit & sale. Kids mini wooden boat races. Mystery Loves Co. with nautical and Chesapeake books, including Jay Flemings new ‘Island Life’. Raw oyster bar, craft beer & spirits. Oxford Fire Co. Auxiliary lunch. Something for everyone! Free; 10 am – 4 p.m. at Oxford Community Center. Oxfordcc.org for more info. 11/14 – Firehouse Breakfast – Enjoy a full, all you can eat, breakfast lineup. Check facebook.com/oxfirecoauxiliary/ for updated info. Oxford Volunteer Fire Department, 8 – 11 am. Adults, $10; children under 12, $5 11/14 – All Together Now - Tred Avon Players (TAP) invites you to a local production of a global event! Community theatres worldwide will be performing this musical fundraiser during the same weekend to help support and celebrate local theater. Oxford Community Center. Performances at 2 & 7 p.m. Tredavonplayers.org for more info and tickets. 11/15 – Take Out Dinner – Shepherd’s Pie - Enjoy a warm favorite meal at home. Pick up at Oxford Community Center; 5-6 p.m.; $20; Oxfordcc.org to reserve yours today. Oxford Ferry and Capsize Restaurant closed for the season. See you in the Spring! Check restaurant and shop websites or Facebook for updated hours.

Oxford Business Association ~ portofoxford.com 111

Two Tilghmans utes later. Lynn sped away with Rosie. He was later acquitted of murder when witnesses failed to appear at the trial. In unprecedented tribute, Bill Tilghman’s body lay in honor in the Oklahoma State Capitol rotunda. Bat Masterson said, “He was the greatest of us all . . . everything you would want in a hero. His sense of justice and fairness separated him from all the other lawmen like night and day.” Tench Tilghman, unwell since his wartime exertions, died of natural causes at just forty-one. George Washington wrote to

Thomas Jefferson, “Colonel Tilghman, who was formerly of my family, died lately, and left as fair a reputation as ever belonged to a human character.” Tench Tilghman is buried in Oxford, Maryland, Bill Tilghman in Chandler, Oklahoma Forty-some years ago, A.M. Foley swapped the Washington, D.C., business scene for a writing life on Elliott Island, Maryland. Tidewater Times has kindly published portions of one upcoming work, Chesapeake Bay Island Hopping, along with other regional musings. Foley’s published works are described at www.HollandIslandBook.com.




Reuniting for the Holidays Thanksgiving began as a day of giving thanks and sacrifice for the blessings of the harvest and of the preceding year. It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. While historically rooted in religious traditions, Thanksgiving is also celebrated as a secular holiday. It is an important day because it is a positive celebration of gratitude, something we don’t do enough of these days.

Thanksgiving originated as a harvest festival, and so the dinner remains the centerpiece of the celebration. The dinner traditionally consists of foods and dishes indigenous to the Americas, namely, turkey, potatoes, sweet potatoes, stuffing, green beans, squash and pumpkin. While many couldn’t bear to part with tradition, there are all kinds of reasons to serve something


Tidewater Kitchen other than turkey for Thanksgiving. If you have a smaller gathering but still love the drama of a whole roasted bird, consider baking a whole chicken. Because of COVID, a lot of families are having a smaller Thanksgiving celebration this year, so it seems to me that a whole roasted chicken could be a great option. The average chicken is about 3-4 pounds, which should serve a family of 3-4. If you are cooking for more, opt for a 5-6-pound chicken. If you grew up in the ’80s, you were almost guaranteed to have a green bean casserole on your Thanksgiving table. Campbell’s in-

vented the recipe to use their cream of mushroom soup. This casserole was a side dish that even the people who hate vegetables would eat. Since it’s not to my taste, I have given you a recipe for a healthier version. Instead of the usual mashed potatoes, I am sharing a potato recipe that is crisp on the outside


and f luffy on the inside. Roasted potatoes are an easy side dish that go with most meals and are easy to make with minimal work. Feel free to be creative with the seasonings ~ you can use dried, but if you have fresh herbs on hand, by all means use them. Southern sweet potato pie is a tradition for fall and Thanksgiving. It is a simple pie made from fresh sweet potatoes and has a similar taste to pumpkin pie. Typically, a pie made with sweet potato is a little lighter in texture and, I think, more buttery. I had my first taste of sweet potato pie on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and it became a favorite!

SPICED NUTS Makes about 4 cups 2 cups almonds 1 cup unsalted peanuts 1 cup raw pumpkin seeds


Tidewater Kitchen

While the nuts are roasting, mix the spices together and set aside. Whisking constantly, combine the water, brown sugar and butter on medium-high heat. Stir in the nuts so they are coated and add the spice mixture. Transfer to the parchment paper to cool. These are great stored in an airtight container for up to 5 days or in the freezer for 3 months.

Spice Mix: 1 T. brown sugar 1 t. kosher salt 1/4 t. cinnamon 1/2 t. cumin 1/2 t. garlic powder 1/4 t. cayenne pepper Glaze: 2 T. water 1 T. brown sugar 1 T. unsalted butter Heat the oven to 350°. Line a jelly roll pan with parchment paper, and spread out the nuts. Bake on the middle rack for about 4 minutes.

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MARINATED OLIVES These olives are great for an impromptu appetizer when a friend comes over. They can stay in the refrigerator for a month. 8 ounces large, brine-cured green olives with pits 8 ounces large, brine-cured black olives with pits 5 large garlic cloves, smashed

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3 large shallots, sliced thin 1 t. grated zest from 1 orange 1 t. red pepper f lakes 1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil 3/4 t. salt Drain the olives in a strainer and rinse well with cold water. Drain any excess water. Combine the remaining ingredients in a glass bowl, and mix everything together. Refrigerate for at least 12 hours to blend the f lavors. Remove from the refrigerator at least 30 minutes before serving to allow to come to room temperature. GARLIC-LEMON GREEN BEANS 1 cup of your favorite breadcrumbs or 2 slices of bread 4 T. butter Salt and pepper to taste 1 t. red pepper f lakes 2 T. grated Parmesan cheese 6 medium garlic cloves, smashed 1-1/2 pounds green beans, ends trimmed 1 cup chicken broth 2 t. all-purpose f lour Zest of 1 lemon 2 T. lemon juice Process the bread in the food processor or blender, just a few seconds on pulse mode, until it becomes fine crumbs. Heat the butter, salt, pepper, garlic and pepper f lakes until golden brown, about 119

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Tidewater Kitchen 3-4 minutes. Toss in the green beans and bring up to medium heat; add the chicken broth and f lour to thicken and cook for 4 minutes. The green beans will be partly tender but still crisp in the center. Turn down the heat and cook for another 4 minutes, stirring until the sauce thickens. Add lemon juice and zest. Pour into a serving bowl and sprinkle with bread crumbs. ROASTED POTATOES Serves 4 If you have a crowd or want to roast more than 2 pounds at a

time, use 2 pans. If the potatoes are small, cut them in half instead of into wedges and turn them cut side down for the last 10 minutes. 2 pounds potatoes, scrubbed, halved and cut into wedges 3 T. extra virgin olive oil Salt and pepper to taste Place the oven rack on the middle position and heat to 425°. Toss the potatoes with oil and season with salt and pepper. Roast for 40 minutes or until golden brown. EASY ROASTED CHICKEN Serves 3 to 4 A 3-1/2-pound bird should roast in 55-60 minutes, while a 4-pound bird requires 60-65 minutes. If you are using a V-rack, make sure you oil it so the chicken doesn’t stick. If you don’t have a V-rack, set the bird on a regular roasting pan and use balls of aluminum foil to keep the roasting chicken propped up on its side. To Brine a Chicken: Dissolve 1/2 cup table salt in 2 quarts cold water in a large bowl, stockpot or Dutch oven. Fully immerse the chicken in the brine and refrigerate for 1 hour. Remove the chicken from the brine and pat dry with paper towels. Proceed with the Easy Roasted Chicken below. 1 whole chicken (3 1/2-4 pounds)



Tidewater Kitchen rinsed and patted dry, remove the giblets 2 T. salted butter, melted Salt and pepper Olive oil for the V-rack Place a shallow roasting pan in the oven and heat the oven to 375 °. Brush the chicken with the melted butter and sprinkle heavily with salt and pepper to taste. Remove the heated pan from the oven and set the oiled V-rack in it. Place the chicken on the rack, wing side up. Roast 15 minutes. Rotate the chicken so that the other wing side is up. Roast 15 minutes, then rotate so the chicken is breast side up. Turn the oven to 450°. Roast until an instant-read thermometer is

inserted into the breast registers 160° and in the thigh registers between 165-170°, 20-25 minutes longer. Transfer the chicken to a cutting board; let rest 10 minutes. Carve and serve. PEAR AND APPLE SAUCE This makes 2 1/2 quarts Zest of 1 orange and 1 lemon 6 Bosc pears 8 tart apples 2 T. butter 1/2 cup brown sugar 2 t. cinnamon 1/2 t. allspice Peel, core and quarter the apples and pears. Add all ingredients and 1 cup of water to a large pan and cook over medium heat. When fruit is fork-tender, remove from heat and allow to cool slightly. Use a masher to achieve the desired texture.


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Tidewater Kitchen SWEET POTATO PIE Prepare the filling while the piecrust is baking. Use your favorite pie dough or follow the recipe below. Filling: 5 medium sweet potatoes

2 T. butter 3 large eggs, plus 2 yolks 1 cup sugar 1/2 t. fresh nutmeg, grated 1/4 t. salt 1 T. molasses 1 t. vanilla extract 2/3 cup whole milk 1/4 cup packed brown sugar For the piecrust: follow the directions for a partially baked crust; bake until crust is light brown. BASIC PIECRUST This crust is crisp, f laky and a good choice for any pie that calls for fresh fruit or custard. There are a few things to remember when making a successful crust. Make

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Tidewater Kitchen sure not to over-blend the fat and f lour. Have all of your ingredients chilled. Add only enough water so that you can roll the dough out easily. Do not over-handle the dough. This will warm your dough, and the over-blending will produce a tough crust. 2-1/2 cups unbleached all-purpose f lour 1 t. sea salt 2 t. granulated sugar 8 T. cold cubed unsalted butter 6 T. cold vegetable shortening 5 to 6 T. ice water Combine the f lour and salt in a bowl. Add the sugar. Add the butter and shortening. Working

quickly, cut them into the f lour mixture. (You can do this with a pastry blender, two forks or your food processor). When the mixture resembles coarse crumbs, sprinkle on the ice water and lightly mix until the dough forms a ball. Divide the ball into two equal pieces and f latten each slightly. Wrap the dough in wax paper, and refrigerate for 30 minutes to an hour. If desired, you can also freeze it at this point. The piecrust is now ready to use. Preheat the oven to 375°. Roll out one ball of the chilled dough onto a lightly f loured surface until it forms an 11-inch circle. Fold the circle in half, and then fold it in half again. Transfer it to a 9-inch pie plate and unfold. At this point, the crust can be filled or pre-baked, according to the recipe. Yields one double 9-inch crust. PARTIALLY BAKED and FULLY BAKED PIE SHELLS For partially baked pie shells, prick the bottom and sides of the shell with a fork. So the dough keeps its shape, place a double thickness layer of aluminum foil


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Tidewater Kitchen over the pie shell and cut a few vents in it. Then press it into the shell snugly. Bake at 425° for eight minutes. Lift out the foil and continue baking four minutes longer, or until the crust looks dry but not brown. If it puffs up, just poke it with a fork. For a fully baked shell, use the




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directions above, but bake it eight to ten minutes after you remove the foil. Let it cool completely on a cooling rack and then fill it. This would be delicious filled with whipped cream and glazed fruit. Filling: Prick the potatoes, wrap in a paper towel and microwave for 5 minutes. Turn the potatoes and bake another 5 minutes. You can also bake in the oven at 350° for 40 minutes or until fork-tender. Halve the potatoes and scoop the filling into a bowl. Add butter and mash with a fork or potato masher. Whisk the eggs, yolks, sugar, nutmeg, salt, molasses, milk and vanilla until well mixed. Then gently combine with the mashed sweet potatoes. Sprinkle the bottom of the piecrust with brown sugar while it is still warm, then pour the filling over. Bake at 350° on a lower middle rack for about 45 minutes, or until the filling doesn’t jiggle too much when shaken. Transfer to a rack and cool at room temperature about 2 hours. Serve. A longtime resident of Oxford, Pamela Meredith, formerly Denver’s NBC Channel 9 Children’s Chef, has taught both adult and children’s cooking classes on the south shore of Massachusetts. For more of Pam’s recipes, visit the Story Archive tab at tidewatertimes.com.



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Tilghman’s Island “Great Choptank Island” was granted to Seth Foster in 1659. Thereafter it was known as Foster’s Island, and remained so through a succession of owners until Matthew Tilghman of Claiborne inherited it in 1741. He and his heirs owned the island for over a century and it has been Tilghman’s Island ever since, though the northern village and the island’s postal designation are simply “Tilghman.” For its first 175 years, the island was a family farm, supplying grains, vegetables, fruit, cattle, pigs and timber. Although the owners rarely were in residence, many slaves were: an 1817 inventory listed 104. The last Tilghman owner, General Tench Tilghman (not Washington’s aide-de-camp), removed the slaves in the 1830s and began selling off lots. In 1849, he sold his remaining interests to James Seth, who continued the development. The island’s central location in the middle Bay is ideally suited for watermen harvesting the Bay in all seasons. The years before the Civil War saw the influx of the first families we know today. A second wave arrived after the War, attracted by the advent of oyster dredging in the 1870s. Hundreds of dredgers and tongers operated out of Tilghman’s Island, their catches sent to the cities by schooners. Boat building, too, was an important industry. The boom continued into the 1890s, spurred by the arrival of steamboat service, which opened vast new markets for Bay seafood. Islanders quickly capitalized on the opportunity as several seafood buyers set up shucking and canning operations on pilings at the edge of the shoal of Dogwood Cove. The discarded oyster shells eventually became an island with seafood packing houses, hundreds of workers, a store, and even a post office. The steamboats also brought visitors who came to hunt, fish, relax and escape the summer heat of the cities. Some families stayed all summer in one of the guest houses that sprang up in the villages of Tilghman, Avalon, Fairbank and Bar Neck. Although known for their independence, Tilghman’s Islanders enjoy showing visitors how to pick a crab, shuck an oyster or find a good fishing spot. In the twentieth century, Islanders pursued these vocations in farming, on the water, and in the thriving seafood processing industry. The “Tilghman Brand” was known throughout the eastern United States, but as the Bay’s bounty diminished, so did the number of water-related jobs. Still, three of the few remaining Bay skipjacks (sailing dredgeboats) can be seen here, as well as two working harbors with scores of power workboats. 131


Queen Anne’s County The history of Queen Anne’s County dates back to the earliest Colonial settlements in Maryland. Small hamlets began appearing in the northern portion of the county in the 1600s. Early communities grew up around transportation routes, the rivers and streams, and then roads and eventually railroads. Small towns were centers of economic and social activity and evolved over the years from thriving centers of tobacco trade to communities boosted by the railroad boom. Queenstown was the original county seat when Queen Anne’s County was created in 1706, but that designation was passed on to Centreville in 1782. It’s location was important during the 18th century, because it is near a creek that, during that time, could be navigated by tradesmen. A hub for shipping and receiving, Queenstown was attacked by English troops during the War of 1812. Construction of the Federal-style courthouse in Centreville began in 1791 and is the oldest courthouse in continuous use in the state of Maryland. Today, Centreville is the largest town in Queen Anne’s County. With its relaxed lifestyle and tree-lined streets, it is a classic example of small town America. The Stevensville Historic District, also known as Historic Stevensville, is a national historic district in downtown Stevensville, Queen Anne’s County. It contains roughly 100 historic structures, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is located primarily along East Main Street, a portion of Love Point Road, and a former section of Cockey Lane. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center in Chester at Kent Narrows provides and overview of the Chesapeake region’s heritage, resources and culture. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center serves as Queen Anne’s County’s official welcome center. Queen Anne’s County is also home to the Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center (formerly Horsehead Wetland Center), located in Grasonville. The CBEC is a 500-acre preserve just 15 minutes from the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. Over 200 species of birds have been recorded in the area. Embraced by miles of scenic Chesapeake Bay waterways and graced with acres of pastoral rural landscape, Queen Anne’s County offers a relaxing environment for visitors and locals alike. For more information about Queen Anne’s County, visit www.qac.org. 133


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Listening to Your Life It’s Never Too Late to Start by Michael Valliant It might not make the most sense to go back to school when you are turning 50. Or maybe it makes every bit of sense, since it didn’t make any before. Shaking up life when a lot of people are looking for cruise control might raise some eyebrows. But not listening to your life when it is trying to tell you something can be much more dangerous. In his memoir, Now and Then, Frederick Buechner writes:

“Listen to your life. See it for the fathomless mystery it is. In the boredom and pain of it, no less than in the excitement and gladness: touch, taste, smell your way to the holy and hidden heart of it, because in the last analysis all moments are key moments, and life itself is grace.” For Kelsey Spiker, Jessica Stehle and me, listening to our lives meant enrolling in seminary through a


Listening to Your Life

partnership program between the Seminary of the Southwest, Iona Collaborative and the Episcopal Diocese of Easton. It’s a program for ordination to be either a priest or a deacon in the church for people who can’t stop working and go to a residential school. The three of us have begun three-year studies toward the priesthood.

Hearing your calling when going back to school might seem ridiculous, but it isn’t uncharted territory. There are countless stories of now well-known people who didn’t hit their strides until later in life by societal standards. Marvel Comics founder Stan Lee came up with his iconic “Fantastic Four” as he was turning 39 years old. Sam Walton opened his first Walmart when he was 44. Henry Ford created the Model T when he was 45. Julia Child wrote her first cookbook at 50 years old. And Laura Ingalls Wilder published her first Little House books when she was 65. But going to seminary isn’t something you do for fame or fortune. It’s something you do because you


feel called to serve. And, more than likely, after you’ve wrestled with the idea, because it didn’t seem to make much sense at first. In the Hebrew Bible, Abraham and Sarah laughed at the idea of becoming parents when they were old enough to be grandparents. God frequently

has a way of letting us know he has a sense of humor and hopes that we do, too. In the book Listening Hearts: Discerning Call in Community, a group of authors writes: “Not only is every call unique, but the hearing of every call is unique also… a certain restlessness, a certain dissatisfaction with things as they are… a sense of longing, yearning, or wondering; a feeling of being at a crossroads; a sense that something is happening in one’s life, that one is wrestling with an issue or decision; a sense of being in a time of transition; or a series of circumstances that draw one into a specific issue.” The crossroads.

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Listening to Your Life Kelsey Spiker worked in a financial firm when she made the move to become a full-time youth and family minister at Christ Church Easton. “I was sitting in a pew as a parishioner when God told me to leave everything I had known and go into ministry,” Kelsey said. “I was 33. I thought I knew what my life was going to look like and how things were going to go.” Kelsey and I have each worked full-time at Christ Church since 2017. It’s a church that lives into the idea of having call-driven ministries. With Fr. Bill Ortt, if someone has a passion and a calling that

Fr. Bill Ortt, blessing of the animals. is in synch with the mission of the church, in many cases they are both sent out and supported in their work. In recent years, Carol Callaghan and Barbara Coleman have been ordained as deacons; Susie Leight is in her third year at Virginia Theological Seminary following a



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Listening to Your Life

Mike Valliant, Barbara Coleman and Kelsey Spiker - baptism day! calling for the priesthood; and numerous parishioners are working in various parts of the community and the church in lay-led ministries. One experience most people have in common when it comes to following a calling is that you have to let go of the reins. “For me, it has been a transformation of thinking that I knew where I was going, to knowing that I don’t, but trusting in now and what is coming,” Kelsey said. “I have learned that a part of my calling is about being a seeker ~ of kindness and love and mercy and justice ~ and, ultimately, God. I try to enter into everything with a posture of curiosity. It has been a kind of paradigm shift. Now, being open to being changed, it has become second nature to continue learning.” Jessica Stehle, a wife and mother of three, has been an English teacher and a tutor. Going back to school

now, starting a new phase in her life comes after twenty-plus years of dedicating her time to raising kids. “This is perfect timing,” Jessica said. “For so long, my joy and my calling has been my family ~ I have dedicated everything to them. And most of my work in ministry has grown with and through my children, from youth ministry to the spiritual guidance of young adults, to pastoral care where I draw on my experiences as a mom to hold compassion for other moms. Now my children are in their early twenties and more independent, so it’s time for me to shift my focus outside of my home. And to keep growing.” For Jessica, as both teacher and student, approaching life with an attitude of lifelong learning is key. “I’ve thought of seminary for many years, and when the opportunity presented itself through the diocese I knew it was finally my time,” she said. “I am a better, more evolved person for this now, after raising kids, living, teaching, learning, and my church experiences. I



Listening to Your Life will be the student, which I always am. One of the most exciting things for me is going back to being the English student, digging deeper into Scripture. Lifelong learning is everything.” An attitude of learning, and one of curiosity. Knowing we are students, beginning again. Letting go of control. One of the elements to following a calling, as pointed out in “Listening Hearts,” is humility. “Humility derives ultimately from the same root as humus, meaning ground or earth. An attitude of humility rooted in a true sense of one’s self… Humility lays the foundation for discernment because to be ‘humble in heart,’ means that we will accept the uniqueness of our experience and the limited nature of our knowledge. An attitude of humility allows us to accept dependence on God and one another and to be open to God’s turning us in a new or unexpected direction.” New and unexpected directions can come at any time and without

warning. And following that new direction almost guarantees there will be bumps and twists and turns and challenges you can’t possibly predict or see coming. My daughter and I were recently walking through the bones of the house I grew up in, after it was gutted by a fire. It’s my parents’ house,


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Listening to Your Life a place I have known, but totally different now. Standing in my old room, with light coming between boards, I had a sense of the past being framework, foundation, for what is beginning now, new construction of life ahead. Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore wrote, “I slept and dreamt that life was joy. I awoke and saw that life is service. I acted and behold, service is joy.” Discerning and following a call to ordination is ultimately about serving, about being of service. When I look back at the parts of my life that are in the rearview and I try to make out a pattern, “to lis-

ten to my life,” as Buechner says, the mystery of it is the only thing that is maybe clear. And that life itself is grace, a gift. If life is a gift from God, the universe, creation, that we didn’t make ourselves or earn, it makes sense to try to pay it forward, to share it. And to do that, it doesn’t matter what age you are. Michael Valliant is the Assistant for Adult Education and Newcomers Ministry at Christ Church Easton. He has worked for non-profit organizations throughout Talbot County, including the Oxford Community Center, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum and Academy Art Museum.


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Talbot County, Maryland Spots Enemy Planes! by James Dawson One lit t le -k now n ac t iv it y on the home front here during World War II was the establishment of enemy plane spotting stations set up across Talbot County and elsewhere. These stations were manned by local civ ilian volunteers who scanned the skies 24 hours a day, seven days a week, looking for enemy aircraft on their way to menace war production sites in D.C., Balti-

more and Philadelphia. Apparently, the thinking was that they might tr y to sneak across the Eastern Shore, so we’d better be ready. You can still see some watchtowers and concrete gun emplacements along the Delaware coast. We have forgotten what a big deal this was back then. Spotters used posters, charts and I.D. cards to identify planes, and there was

Spotting station on the widow’s walk of Ingleside. 147

Enemy Planes! even an Aircraft Warning Volunteer magazine with photos, articles and aircraf t recognition tests. Some WWII-era comic books sometimes had a page of airplane silhouettes. I first became aware of these local spotters when I was a boy and found a small framed clipping of my grandparents up on the widow’s walk of Ingleside, the house they owned in the 1930s and ’40s, scanning the skies over the Choptank River with binoculars looking for enemy aircraft. I’d always thought the photo was kind of neat. Years later, long after my grandparents were deceased, I remembered this photo and attempted to find it, but sadly, by then it was long gone.

Airplane spotter building ca. 1942. I suspected that the photo was professionally done, as it was taken with a telephoto lens from ground level and probably had been published in a newspaper or magazine somewhere. I spent hours scrolling through rolls of back issues of the Easton Star Democrat on microfilm in the Maryland Room of the Talbot County Free Library, hoping to find it, starting with Dec. 7, 1941, of course, the date of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. However, I found nothing, so I gave up on that wonderful old photo. I gave up, that is, until recently, when I subscr ibed to an online historical digital newspaper source. That very first day, I made a last determined effort to find it, but still didn’t expect anything as I was just entering random keywords, but suddenly, there it was! And not only was it exactly the photo I remembered, but there were several others taken at Ingleside as well in the Baltimore Sunday Sun article “Talbot Eyes


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Enemy Planes! Train For Raiders” in the Metrogravure Section from June 29, 1941, which read in part, “Enemy warplanes, if and when they come, will not be able to attack over Talbot County unseen. Members of the Talbot Post No. 70, American Legion, working in cooperation with the State Legion and the United States Army, have established a number of aforesaid warning posts and believe that theirs is the first county in the State to complete its organization. Here are four pictures showing what would happen if hostile planes swept in from the coast… “In the insert are shown, left to right, Noble Paine, who organized the various posts for the Legion; Hall Dawson and Mrs. Dawson; below,

Observer Dawson stands, his glasses in his hands, ready to report to army headquarters that warplanes are in sight. Reports are made over the telephone.” [Baltimore Sunday Sun June 29, 1941] The so-called widow’s walks were railed platforms on the rooftops of some big, old houses. Legend has it that wives or widows paced them while waiting, sometimes in vain, for the return of their long-missing spouses from sea voyages. In reality, apparently, they were more often used by merchants who liked to watch the boat traffic. Their lofty peak would give them first notice when one of their ships was coming in. And, of course, a hundred years later, at least one of them could double as a post to spot enemy aircraft. Actually, the w idow’s walk at






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Enemy Planes! Ingleside was not the first enemy spotting station in Talbot County. That honor would likely go to Thomas Kemp, who had business interests in Baltimore and, in about 1800, built a small shed-like structure on the roof of his house at Wades Point near McDaniel to observe the marine traffic on Eastern Bay. By virtue of its location, it was perfect to observe the British ships in the Bay and their camps on Kent Island during the War of 1812. It is astonishing that this tiny structure has survived because, at the very least, the Brits would have torched the house if they’d known about it.

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owners. I was able to visit Wades Point in 2013 when I attended a function there. The observation post is accessed by a steepish ladder in a closet of an upstairs bedroom. That must have been Thomas Kemp’s own bedroom, so he could climb up whenever he wanted to survey the scene or the British invaders with his telescope or spyglass as this was long before binoculars were invented. That little perch still has a commanding view of the water. But back to the beginnings of the WW II spotting stations. Note that the article on the Ingleside spotting station was nearly six months before Pearl Harbor was attacked! What’s w it h t hat? Well, The Ba ltimore Sun reported on April 29, 1941 that

“A R M Y SEEK S SPOT TERS FOR ENEMY PLANES. Some 2,000 or so civilian volunteers are going to be recruited in Mar yland at the request of the War Department to serve at various posts in the State as spotters for foreign aircraft…so that they can be selected and trained as a preparedness measure.” This was prompted by all the trouble in Europe as part of a nation-


Enemy Planes! wide effort to establish observation posts on both the east and west costs of the United States, but unfortunately not in Hawaii, which was not a state then. The Ground Observers Corps., a part of the Aircraft Warning Service, was established in May 1941. Eventually, there were more than 750,000 civilian volunteers of all ages at 14,000 observation posts along the East Coast from Canada to Florida, in everything from junked autos and hen houses to more elaborate structures. Soon there were observation posts across Talbot Count y on Island Creek, and at Barber, Peachblossom,

Matthewstown, Cordova, Tilghman, Bozman, McDaniel, Longwoods, Royal Oak, Tunis Mills and other locations in the county. The Easton Star Democrat reported on Dec. 11, 1942 that “Today in Talbot there are more than six hundred people who stand guard night and day. And in Observation Posts at intervals of six miles apart, a million and a half others like them watch the skies of our Atlantic and Pacific coasts. If Talbot were not doing its job in this gigantic chain, the gap would be wide enough to allow an attack by air to slip through to the nerve centers of government, of plane and ship production, of power generation and transportation of war materials without which we could

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Enemy Planes! not fight… “Without these men and women there can be no air raid warning, no blackout, no functioning of Air Raid Wardens or fire departments… “Every post has a Chief Observer. This post is usually on the Chief’s property or so near it that he can reach it at a fast run… “…[In the first year] there was such a lack of understanding of the capabilities of the enemy…that voiced itself in ridicule of the men and women who volunteered for Observation duty ~ ‘You’re silly to go out there and sit for hours in that little coop! How can Hitler or Japan get over here!’…

“But for every such thinker, there are many that know that France,and Norway, Denmark and Holland and most of Europe have gone down under the yoke because their guard was down under. ‘It Can’t Happen Here’, and that the pay for duty well done lies not in the pocket, but in the heart…

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Enemy Planes! “Observers themselves are keenly aware of the danger of leaving even one watch unmanned. Once every two weeks for four hours in the day, and the longer night watches from 7 p.m. to midnight and from midnight to 6 a.m. is surely not too much to pay for keeping our sky clear of the Axis!” [Easton Star Democrat, Dec. 11, 1942] Sometimes the various stations were in an already existing structure. Barber was in a room in an abandoned house, Matthewstown Post was in a cob house and McDaniel in a remodeled chicken house, but sometimes they were newly made to specifications presumably supplied by the War Department, like

at Beauvoir, one of the big estates on Island Creek Neck. These had windows on three sides, shelves and a bulletin board inside along with a little stove for heat, a table and a kerosene lamp and were mounted on stilts and accessed by steps. The main requirement was a telephone to report any aircraft, friend or foe, that were observed, recorded in a log book and reported by phone to headquarters. And these were the days, remember, when not everyone in the county even had a telephone. Starting on Dec. 11, 1942, the Easton Star Democrat did a weekly series on eleven of the spotting stations in the county. And each article ended with the names of the local volunteer observers for that particular

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Enemy Planes! post, some 50 or 60 for each post and some 600 civilian volunteers total for Talbot County. The first article was about the spotting station at Beauvoir, which went into operation the day after Pearl Harbor. Thomas Firth owned the farm and was the post’s Chief Observer, and I was surprised to see my mom, who was a teenager then, listed as one of the volunteer observers. I had no idea she was a volunteer and, of course, now sadly it’s too late to ask her anything about the experience, or likely most of the other volunteers. The reporter noted that “…No planes appeared while we were there, but such is the force of long months

of training that, as they talked, the eyes of those two women [Mrs. Anna Newnam and Mrs. Charles Simpson] automatically swept the tranquil blue of the sky. There was no hole in the Aircraft Warning Service ~ no unaccounted-for plane would get by while they were on watch. “It was a nice feeling ~ good luck to you, Island Creek Neck, and Good Hunting!” [Easton Star Democrat Dec. 11, 1942] Fortunately, the only flying menace threatening Beauvoir station that day was a flock of turkeys that roosted on the post’s stovepipe, but that didn’t hamper the dedication of the volunteers. To quote Mrs. Mitchell of the Peachblossom post, “Nobody’s dropping any bombs on

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Enemy Planes! me the way they did in England!” The volunteers were of all ages, even boys and girls. In the article on the spotting station at Tilghman, Principal Earl Corkran reported that children from Tilghman school ser ved as watchers during their lunch hour and for an hour or two after school. And, as might be expected, the kids were often better at identifying the various planes than the adults. Even though they probably never saw any enemy planes, it wasn’t for lack of trying. One plane sighted at Tilghman buzzed the town and f lew so low down the street that observers said that they could identify the pilot. This plane was presumably logged and reported with possible consequences for the joyriding barnstormer. Fortunately, it was a U.S. P-38 Lockheed Lightning and not the Luftwaffe. Robert Fairbank was a spotter when he was a teenager and remembered that. “An aircraft spotting tower was erected to the right of Route 451 (the road to Claiborne) where Route 33 splits left to go to Tilghman. There was another one located near Tunis Mills. I remember being a plane spotter volunteer on several occasions. It consisted of keeping a log of any plane seen or heard, their direction of flight, estimated altitude, and the number of engines they had. You also

had to phone in this information to the air defense center.” [Fairbank, St. Michaels 1930-1950 The Way It Used To Be, 1998] Dale Kirby still has his grandmother Nellie Kirby’s volunteer pin and photo I.D. card, which reads in part. “AIRCRAFT WARNING SERVICE U.S. ARMY, Observer Identification…The bearer is a civilian Volunteer in the U.S. Army Aircraft Warning Service. This pass must be

used only in pursuance of his [sic] official duties.” She was a volunteer in Trappe, and her I.D. card was signed by Chief Observer Thomas J. Firth and Charles E. Simpson. Both pin and I.D. card are emblazoned with a red silhouette of a Douglas C-47 military transport of the type later used at D-Day. There were also some smaller spotting stations in the count y. Dale remembers, “As a side note, my



Enemy Planes! mother, Dorothy Kirby, remembered that she and Lois Sullivan, from her 1942 graduating class, used to go to a little ‘outhouse’-size building, in the field area behind the Trappe School, with binoculars as spotters. So maybe there were many of these little buildings where people also went on a voluntary basis, or the school one was to get the students involved in the war effort.” Fortunately, the war ended successfully for our side and the obser vation posts were abandoned and mostly forgotten, except, in one instance at least, for a yellowing newspaper clipping in a drawer of a side table next to the sofa in my

grandparents’ living room, decades after they’d sold Ingleside. W hen Ing le side c a me on t he market in 2009, I attended an open house there and got permission from the realtor (who maybe kinda sorta somehow got the impression that I was there to buy the place) to climb three flights of steps up to the widow’s walk where my grandparents had proudly stood guard so many years ago. Ingleside is a formidable and beautiful house, one of the half-dozen or so manor houses built by the Hughlett family. William R. Hughlett was rolling in money in the pre-Civil War economy. He ran a shipyard at nearby Jamaica Point, and every time one of his children got married, he gave them a farm

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and built them a big house on it. Ingleside is located at the end of Chancellor’s Point Road near Trappe and is even bigger on the inside than it is on the outside. And it looks plenty big on the outside. The widow’s walk/ WW II observation post is accessed by a ladder in the attic and through a trap door in the roof. It looks just like it did in the old photos. The view is still great ,although the Choptank River is obscured by large trees that weren’t there in 1941. But while it might be used in a pinch, sprinting up two f lights of stairs and a ladder and climbing through a trap door to the roof every time you saw a plane fly over might soon get old, especially in inclement weather, so I presume that it

was discontinued when supplanted by the observation post at nearby Barber. Still, it may well have been the first plane spotting station in Talbot County. The War Department ordered the Ground Observer Corps. and the Aircraft Warning Service deactivated in May 1944 as the focus of the war turned from defensive to offensive overseas and the threat of enemy attack here diminished. After the war, these little spotting stations gradually fell into ruin and disintegrated. Doug Firth, whose grandfather had owned Beauvoir then, told me that his father moved their spotting station there to an adjacent farm and turned it into a play house for him and his siblings. He


Enemy Planes! still remembers seeing silhouettes of various aircraft thumbtacked to the walls. This story has a pleasant swords-beaten-into -plowshares quality to it. However, one such spotting station has been rescued in Caroline Count y. K athy Mackel from the Caroline County Historical Society emailed me that, “I am attaching a few photos of the airplane spotter building. Several of how it looked in 2007 when it was used as a shed and we dismantled it (placing it in storage), and a few images that the owner had of it when it was elevated and

used in World War II. I mentioned your interest to our president, J.O.K. Walsh, and he states: “The attached photos of an airplane spotter building (enemy plane spotting station) erected c. January 1942 at Baltimore Corner in northwestern Caroline County… Caroline County had a station of varied construction every five miles running north and south; i.e., a total of seven stations. There is another spotter building that survives in Dorchester County as well.” Beauvoir post is long gone, but I wouldn’t be surprised if there weren’t one or two hidden away in Talbot County somewhere. I recreated that old photo of my grandparents up on the roof at Ingleside with a framed printout of that 1941 article, and it serves as a nice reminder of the patriotic plane spotters of Talbot County, so long ago. Thanks to Dale Kirby for furnishing his grandmother’s spotter’s I.D. card and pin, The Inn at Wades Point, Doug Firth, Bob Horvath, Kathy Mackel and President J.O.K. Walsh at the Caroline County Historical Society for all their help. I am sure the Caroline County Historical Society would appreciate any donations for the restoration of their spotting station. James Dawson is the owner of Unicorn Bookshop in Trappe.



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That Was Then - Part III from a work in progress by Roger Vaughan

Sailing At age 12, I learned how difficult it is to face someone you care for and tell them something unpleasant, something that is going to make them feel badly. I had learned about having to admit guilt a couple years earlier when I had smashed the neon tubing of the sign at the hardware store in the small town where I grew up. There was a big, lively dog that belonged to a store in that area. I looked forward to seeing him on my daily walk home from elementary school. A shepherd, I recall. He loved it when you kicked his ball for him. It was an inflated ball, soccer-sized. The day in question I kicked it, he jumped and hit it with his nose, and smasho, there went the sign. The dog scampered away from the neon tubing falling in pieces to the sidewalk. So did I. That night, I knew I had to fess up. My father was cool, said we’d go see the owner, whom he knew. I didn’t sleep much that night. The next day we went to the store and while my father and the owner probably exchanged conspiratorial

glances over my head, I confessed. The owner said he appreciated me coming forward and all that. I got a deduction from my allowance for a while, to help pay for the sign (my father surely paid the lion’s share, or maybe it was insured), and the point was taken. In retrospect, that seemed easy compared to what I was about to do. It had to do with sailing, which is more disease than sport. They talk about kids having a “basketball Jones,” a fixation on that game. Believe me, that is a mild and temporary obsession compared to what happens when sailing gets hold of you. When I was nine, bad ears and a complex of allergies had taken me from the pollen-ridden interior of New Hampshire to a camp on Cape Cod. The camp had a fleet of sailboats, and while I had seen plenty of sailboat images, seeing boats under sail for the first time was mesmerizing. I must have had a receptor in my brain tuned to the sounds they made, to the flapping of sails, the rattling of bronze clips on sail tracks, the burbling of the wa-


That Was Then

laundered khakis and a clean white cap, with a heavy ditty bag of his ter they disturbed. When I inquired own construction bending the about the boats, I was told that pass- right shoulder of his spare frame, ing a swim test was required before I learned to sail. Because Frederone could learn to sail. Allergies ick Jennings thought such things had prevented me from learning to were important, I also learned swim, and by age nine the very idea to read charts, understand dead of swimming was more frightening reckoning, splice and whip line, than facing a pit full of snakes. But tie knots blindfolded and behind I did it. That’s how strong the siren my back, sew canvas and make song of sailing was. grommets, skull a skiff, sail backI’ll never forget descending the wards and make “eggshell” dock ladder at the dock the afternoon of landings so perfect that imagithe swim test. When the water level nary eggs placed between the dock rose to the pit of my stomach, my and the bow of the boat would be heart strangled in my chest. The touched, but not cracked. blood backed up and roared in my It was a remarkable camp, the temples, impairing summer program of vision. My knuckles When the water level rose a boarding school. were white on the to the pit of my stomach, my The counselors were rungs. Underwa- heart strangled in my chest. teachers from all ter, the streaming over New England growth of hairy green algae gave life who conducted classes in the mornto the befouled chain anchoring the ings for students trying to catch up, dock as it slithered into the depths and who oversaw activities in the like a serpent. I tried to speak but afternoon. Most of them brought could not. The instructor, a barrel- their families with them. I loved the chested old fireplug of a man named place. By my third summer there, I Kelly, saw my distress and told me had become a reasonably good sailin his gravelly voice to climb back or. I also played baseball, and deout. At that moment, I understood spite the difficulty I had making the salvation. long throw to first, and the fact my Slowly, painfully, I overcame hitting was nothing to write home my fear and learned to swim well about, I had somehow nailed down enough to pass the test. From then the job at third base. on, I swam only when I had to. And Making the baseball team was a at the hands of the quiet, gracious big deal because of the coach, a man Frederick Jennings, who would ar- everyone knew as “Moose” with his rive at the dock each day in freshly 6’ 4”, 230-pound frame. Moose had 170

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That Was Then

And I was about to quit the team. What sense did that make, I played minor league ball for a while, wondered for the hundredth time and he was about to be called up by as every step brought me closer to the Red Sox when he had quit base- the apartment where Moose lived ball to enter a seminary. For a bunch with his wife and two little kids. of 12-year-old kids to be coached by I had to tell him, I owed him that, an athlete of Major League poten- and face to face was the only way. tial was extraordinary in itself. But It was a Sunday night, after dinner, Moose was also one of those quietly after vespers. He’d be home. His confident, friendly guys who never apartment wasn’t that far from my raised his voice, never got angry at dorm room, but I had taken the long anyone. With a simple approach, he way ‘round and was making a few taught us the basics of the game and circles. encouraged us in a way that caused The problem was a boat. It wasn’t all of us to make herculean efforts. the first time one would get in the His physical presence, how he tow- way. Later on, racing small boats ered over us kids, plus that Major would cause minor problems with League connection, school, work and Playing for Moose was his gentle approach, relationships. With and the fact he was maybe the coolest thing one life. Ocean racing could be doing at camp. so moved by his faith would cause major that he was able to problems, especially put aside the sport he loved and ex- when I decided to do a couple legs celled at ~ passing over the money of the Round the World race. Then and the fame ~ elevated him into there was the boat I would buy besome sort of rareified icon in our fore I understood what owning a minds. beautiful old 36-foot wooden cruisMoose was funny, too. He made ing boat really involved in terms us love baseball, made us love be- of labor, time and money. I could ing around him. During games, he’d relate the story of how I had built cup his hands around his mouth a rig in my small Chevrolet Luv and, adopting a tinny voice, would truck and moved a 52-foot wooden play field announcer when one of mast 20 miles on back roads in the his kids walked to the plate: “Now dark of night, by myself, and somebatting, number 19, Bennie James.” how gotten away with it. But it’s too Making Moose’s team was a dream painful a story. Too unlikely. And I come true. Playing for Moose was didn’t really get away with it. maybe the coolest thing one could At camp, the hook for all that be doing at camp. was being set. I had been cast into 172

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That Was Then

being handed the helm of a Herreshoff S-boat at age 10. I knew about a dream world of three different the great Nathanial Herreshoff. I classes of boats to sail, skiffs to could identify boats and their derow and launches to learn to drive. signers as readily as I could name There were all manner of things to cars on the highway. Off we went, do at this camp, from archery, ten- my head spinning as I tried to renis and riflery, to volleyball, crafts member what I had been taught and, yes, baseball. But it was pri- about steering a boat. marily a sailing camp located on a Observing my fist clenching the large harbor full of handsome boats tiller, the old man quietly said, “Two ~ just about every kind of boat fingers, son. Two fingers is all you imaginable, boats small and large, need to steer this boat.” A while latdream boats, famous boats fea- er, he said, “Let her have her head, tured in magazines, boats to make she knows what to do.” He didn’t say a fanatic’s knees weak. And I had much after that. Just enjoying the become a fanatic, a boat nut hope- wonderful boat under us engaged lessly obsessed with shapes ~ sheer our full attention. And after those lines, overhangs, the essential, rarefied subtlety of bows, I had become a fanatic, a bits of knowledge, the pleasing curve boat nut hopelessly involved what else was there with shapes of tumblehome, the to say? various rigs ~ and That harbor had a the astonishing depth of varnish, lot to do with the contagious quality the impossible patina of paint. of the disease. If the camp had been There was an older gentleman on an inland lake, or up a creek, who often sailed by the dock in a the sailing would have been catchhandsome 30-foot day sailor when ing, but not as wholly encompasswe campers were in the process ing. That large harbor was a stage of being assigned instructors and set of magnificent proportions that boats. It turned out he was a friend could have been designed by Holof Mr. Jennings and the camp, and lywood or Madison Avenue, from would often offer to take out a boy the elegant homes fronted by maniwho had the bad luck of not having cured lawns stretching to the docks a boat to go on. One day it was me. where launches and small boats The old man made a perfect land- were secured, to the scores of larger ing. I stepped aboard and, after craft dozing sublimely at moorings. introductions, he handed me the And our camp and its modest fleet tiller. That moment remains among were part of it. It was an active set. the all-time highlights of my life, Something was always moving, re174

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That Was Then

Guard the sailors tossing On the deep blue sea.” flecting light. The harbor’s voice was The sailors tossing on the deep a mixture of engines running and blue sea! It was an early image set sails luffing, punctuated by the caw as with chisels in stone. One only of gulls and anchored by the wash of had to look around at the sailor wind and water. The setting sun had suits ~ behold oneself ~ to open the a thousand shrouds and stays, masts, romantic vision. windows and polished hulls to play The boat that would consummate with, all of them in motion. Dusk that vision in the most elegant fashwas dramatic, calming. Night was ion, the boat that would separate me hundreds of lights twinkling, buoys from the baseball team, was a large flashing; mysterious, enthralling. yawl that had been given to the In such a setting, being pulled camp. It was one of those magazine into the romance of sailing, the boats, cover worthy, all varnished impossible beauty of it, was inevi- mahogany and teak-decked 70 feet table. Sunday-night vesper service of it. It was a sight to behold when it in the school’s large Tudor lounge lay glistening at a mooring, a powfacing the water was erful thing of beauty What, you’d rather go the final straw. One under sail. The boat sailing than play on the hundred and fifty made several roundbaseball team? chairs were arranged trip cruises to Maine in a semicircle before every summer, each the huge fireplace centered between time with six lucky campers aboard. picture windows that looked south- The selection process was mysteriwest across the harbor. One hun- ous. One didn’t even dream about dred and fifty boys aged nine to 15 making the list. But suddenly there would reflect the glow of the setting was my name. The initial torrent of sun in their white sailor suits ~ the joy was cruelly stemmed by a conSunday uniform ~ as the speaker flict. The baseball team would have mused about man and God. The three playoff games for the champiyounger boys fidgeted. The older onship during the same period the boys concentrated on the attractive cruise was scheduled. young counselors’ wives. Figuring out what to do was Vespers always closed with the never a problem. I might have singing of Child’s Evening Hymn, tried to fool myself into thinking a tear jerker if there ever was one. I’d have to struggle over making a Especially the fourth verse: decision. But the boat had instantly “Grant to little children gotten the nod. There was never a Visions bright of Thee; real question. The problem was tell176


That Was Then

baseball 0. I felt it. I shuffled back to the dorm spilling tears. ing Moose I had to leave the team so The cruise to Maine exceeded I could sail on the yawl. Somehow all expectations. A wooden boat, at age 12, that choice had a strange that yawl let me know how a yacht sound to it. Maybe slightly. . .unman- should feel. It smelled of paint and ly? What, you’d rather go sailing than varnish, pine tar and caulking, canplay on the baseball team? Really?! vas and old coffee. The sails were Today, with the evolution of high- cotton, the lines linen and hemp. performance boats, no one questions It creaked a little under sail just to the fact that sailors are athletes. That let everyone know it was making an was not the case in 1950. honest effort. After one balmy, clear Moose understood. I think. He day, we sailed all night as promised. listened patiently as I hemmed and Off watch, I climbed into the upper hawed my way through trying to bunk and experienced for the fi rst explain this new passion that had time the gentle, sleep-inducing mome in its claws, and how the op- tion of a large sailing vessel. When portunity to sail on the yawl was I turned over in my sleep, I bumped a dream come true the overhead, trigI couldn’t possibly The opportunity to sail on the gering claustrophorefuse. There was a yawl was a dream come true. bia. The fact I had pretty long silence I couldn’t possibly refuse. recently read “The after I fi nished. Premature Burial” Moose was sitting down, something by Edgar Allan Poe might have had he’d learned helped him communi- something to do with it. cate with people, especially kids, I got up, dressed and entered the who were so much smaller than magic world of night sailing under him, and staring into space. When the stars, joined the cozy companhe turned back, he had that look ionship of the cockpit with its quiet, on his face I’d seen when an um- intermittent conversation, faces pire had called strike three on one tinged with a red glow from the binof his players that was an obvious nacle, with the black water seeming ball. I don’t really remember what to burble past the lee rail twice as he said. I’m sure he gave me a pat fast as the instruments indicated. on the back and thanked me for letAfter that night, that cruise, I ting him know. Maybe he wished was truly beyond hope. me luck on the cruise. But those massive shoulders of his unquesvaughan.roger@gmail.com tionably read “disappointment.” For him, it had to be a loss. Sailing 1, 178

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Daily Meeting: Mid-Shore Intergroup Alcoholics Anonymous. For places and times, call 410-8224226 or visit www.midshoreintergroup.org.


Waterfowl Watching Cruise aboard Winnie Estelle at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime museum, St. Michaels. $20 per person, with a 20% discount for members. 10 to 11:30 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-745-2916 or visit cbmm.org.


First Friday Art Walk in downtown Easton from 5 to 8 p.m. Come out and enjoy the extended hours of the galleries and have an artistic adventure! Many other downtown retailers are open late and invite you to shop their fine selections and meet artists or special guests they are hosting in store.


D a i l y Me e t i ng: A l-A non a nd Ala-teen. For a complete list of times and locations in the MidShore area, visit www.easternshoremd-alanon.org/meetings. Every Thurs.-Sat. Amish Country Farmer’s Market, 101 Marlboro Ave., Easton. An indoor market offering fresh produce, meats, dairy products, furniture and more. For more info. tel: 410822-8989. 1 Meeting: Tidewater Camera Club (zoom). 7 to 9 p.m. Guest speaker: Robert W. Fawcett. For more info. visit tidewatercameraclub.org.



5 Concert: Todd Marcus Quintet at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 410822-3500.


November Calendar 6

Cars and Coffee at the Oxford Community Center, Oxford. Classic car owners and aficionados are invited to bring their cars out and enjoy their coffee. Beginning at 8:30 a.m. For more info. tel: 410226-5904 or visit oxfordcc.org.

6 The United Methodist Women of the Tilghman United Methodist Church will be holding their annual Christmas Bazaar, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. at the church annex. Lunch will be available with homemade chicken salad sandwiches, soups and pies. Holiday crafts, Christmas decorations, Christmas trees, baked goods table, white elephant,

Lionel Train on display for viewing. All proceeds benefit the Tilghman Methodist Church. 6 Concert: Mark Erelli and Antje Duvekot at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-3500. 6,13,20,27 Easton’s Farmer’s Market from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. on North Harrison Street. For more info. tel: 410-822-0345 or visit theavalonfoundation.com. 6,13,20,27 St. Michaels Farmer’s Market from 8:30 to 11:30 a.m. 206 S Talbot St., St. Michaels. For more info. tel: 410-745-0411 or visit stmichaelsmd.org.

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November Calendar 10 Hoopers Island Gun Bash - Attention hunters and gun enthusiasts: Admission to the Hoopers Island Gun Bash includes your chance to win guns, bows, and cross bows, as well as cash, and more. There will also be food, drinks, and side raffles with more guns to win. For more info. tel: 410-397-3311. 11-14 50th annual Waterfowl Festival throughout Easton. A community-wide celebration of the culture and heritage of the Eastern Shore! The nonprofit organization’s benefits to conservation have grown from initial proceeds of $7,500 donated to Ducks Un-

limited to a total of more than $5 .7 million in conser vat ion grants to hundreds of projects by more than fifty organizations. For more info. tel: 410-822-4567 or visit waterfowlfestival.org. 13 Tidewater Inn Brew and Oyster Brawl coinciding with the Waterfowl Festival’s 50th Anniversary, from 3 to 6 p.m. Featuring live music by Bird Dog and the Road Kings and oysters prepared every which way. An open beer and wine bar will offer regional, craft, domestic and imported brews, along with a selection of wines, to pair with savory oyster dishes. With a purchase of a $100 ticket, guests will receive a com-

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memorative pint glass and enjoy a one-of-a-kind event that reflects the famed heritage and cultural fabric of the Chesapeake Bay region. For more info. tel: 410822-1300 or visit tidewaterinn. com/brew-oyster-brawl. 13 Model Boat Show and Fall Family Festival at the Oxford Community Center. Free indoor and outdoor exhibit and sale. Kids mini wooden boat races. Mystery Loves Co. with nautical and Chesapeake books, including Jay Flemings new ‘Island Life’. Raw oyster bar, craft beer & spirits. Oxford Fire Co. Auxiliary lunch. Something for everyone! Free; 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. For more info. visit

Oxfordcc.org. 13 2nd Saturday in Downtown Cambridge. This monthly celebration in downtown Cambridge features an Art Walk with free art gallery receptions, as well as specials in the independently owned shops and great dining. Shops and galleries are open all day and into the evening, most until 8 or 9 p.m. Updated info. at DowntownCambridge.org. 13 Concert: Americana at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-3500. 13-14 Winefest - We all need a wine tasting and Winefest and the Old

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November Calendar

leaves look like? Walk begins at Visitor’s Center patio and ends at the Pavilion for lunch, (outdoors at picnic tables). Dress for the weather and the walk. Adkins Arboretum, 12610 Eveland Road, Ridgely. Admission fee $25 members/$30 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847.

Brick Inn in St. Michaels are hosting a tasting both days. 11:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. For more info. tel: 410745-3323. This will be a seated event with social distancing. All held outside 18 Concert: Zach Person at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-3500. 20 Nutritious Berries and Nuts “Smoothie ‘n Walk.” 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Hunt like the squirrels do for acorns, nuts, seeds, and nutritious berries. Check out the trees and shrubs that produce some of these delicacies. What do their

20 The St. Andrew’s Society of the Eastern Shore is hosting its Annual Dinner at 6 p.m. at the Milestone Event Center. The dinner includes Robert Burns Address to the Haggis, the Caledonian Pipe and Drums, and a silent auction. For more info. email dcantor@ pinneyassociates.com.

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♦ REALTOR® certification ♦ GRI® Graduate, REALTOR® Institute ♦ ABR – Accredited Buyer Representative ♦ CRS – Certified Residential Specialist ♦ e-Pro ♦ Senior Housing Specialist Inventory is low and demand is high. This is a time when you need a Realtor with experience and knowledge to make informed decisions. ~ Connie


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21 Goldsborough St., Easton 410.763.9262 dragonflyboutiquemd Open Tues. - Sat. 10:30 to 5

(Watch for Extended Hours during Nov./Dec.)


November Calendar

Coastal Arts Festival at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. rain or shine. The Eastern Shore Sea Glass Festival will feature more than 90 artisans featuring coastal and sea glass related jewelr y, home décor, art, and more. The two-day festival ticket includes entrance to the Eastern Shore Sea Glass and Coastal Arts Festival, educational lectures, live music, and all of the exhibitions and historic structures on the campus of CBMM. For more info. visit seaglassfestival.com.

20 Queen Anne-Hillsboro Vol. Fire Co. presents Sportsman’s Bingo. Doors and silent auction open at 5 p.m. Games begin at 7 p.m. at the Ridgely VFC Engine Room. Seats are limited to ticket holders only. Non-refundable tickets: $35 in advance, $40 at the door. Prizes includes guns, gear and more. Food & non-alcoholic dr ink s available. B.Y.O.B. Advance tickets sales at www.qahvfc.com. This event will comply with Statewide Covid Virus mandates, in effect on November 20th, regarding masks and social distancing.

25 Thanksgiving Day!

20-21 Eastern Shore Sea Glass and

27 Carols By Candlelight - Friends

Come Fly With Us! Award-Winning 1942 300 hp. Stearman Silver Queen

Gift Certificates for 2022

Serving the Mid-Shore from the Easton Airport

20, 40 and 60-minute rides - by reservation only

flyaloft.com/aloft-biplane-rides 410-820-5959 · 410-310-2626 189

· 1887 Queen Anne Victorian Bed & Breakfast · 6 En-Suite Uniquely Designed Guest Rooms · Awards Winning 3-Course Gourmet Breakfast · Special Event Space for up to 150 people · LGBTQ Friendly - We Welcome Everyone! · Dog Friendly · On-Site Private Parking

14 N Aurora St, Easton, MD 21601 410-822-0605



BOZMAN - ST. MICHAELS FIRST TIME OFFERED Bright one-story home designed for comfortable living. Hardwood floors. 70 x 22 elevated deck and screened porch overlooking Broad Creek. Southeast exposure. 2-car Garage. Guest house with two bedrooms, kitchen and living room. Loggia (20 x 27) with bluestone patio and wisteria arbor, overlooking pool, tennis court and creek. Houses available partly furnished. The private 15 acre property has been subdivided into three parcels: two wooded building lots plus the main homesite. Great birdwatching. Dock with deep sheltered anchorage. $2,500,000.

SHORELINE REALTY 114 Goldsborough St., Easton, MD 21601 410-822-7556 · 410-310-5745 www.shorelinerealty.biz · bob@shorelinerealty.biz 191

The world deserves a better e-bike and Electra has cracked the code, combining comfort, stability and performance in one stylish package. Ready? Where will you Go!

Townie Go! 5i EQ

Townie Path Go! 10D EQ

723 Goldsborough St. · Easton · 410-822-RIDE(7433)

“Super Fun Gifts For All!”

213A South Talbot St., St. Michaels 410-745-8072 192

November Calendar of Hospice will again present this wonderful addition to the annual Festival of Trees for all families to enjoy. This holiday evening is free in front of Easton’s Tidewater Inn from 5 to 7 p.m. Choral groups will perform, and all spectators w ill receive a complimentar y candle and songbook. Hot cocoa and holiday treats will be served as folks spread holiday cheer in song! The celebration begins with a Christmas tree lighting where Santa gets the honor of turning on the lights on the spectacular Maine tree for the fi rst time! For more info. visit festival-of-trees. org .

27-30 “A Winter Wonderland” is the theme for the 2021 Festival of Trees which will be held in “The Gold Room” of The Tidewater Inn. In a magical “Winter Wonderland” setting fi fty beautifully decorated trees sponsored by individuals and businesses will be on display. In addition, fi fty decorated trees ranging in size from 12” to 36” will be for sale. Throughout the festival, holiday entertainment will be performed by local artists, groups and musicians along with the sale of fun gifts. For more info. visit festivalof-trees.org or tel: 410-819-3378.

Celebrating 25 Years Tracy Cohee Hodges Vice President Area Manager Eastern Shore Lending

111 N. West St., Suite C Easton, MD 21601 410-820-5200 tcohee@firsthome.com


NMLS ID: 148320

This is not a guarantee to extend consumer credit. All loans are subject to credit approval and property appraisal. First Home Mortgage Corporation NMLS ID #71603 (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org)



OXFORD NECK, ISLAND CREEK Spectacular 9 acre point with 1000 feet of shoreline and 8 ft mlw. East, south and west exposures with sunrises and gorgeous winter sunsets over the water. Six acre field perfect for crops or horses. The large contemporary residence takes full advantage of the water views. First story bedroom. Open floor plan. Golf, restaurants and activities nearby. Easton 8 miles, Oxford 3. Please view the aerial drone tour on Shoreline’s website. $3,750,000

SHORELINE REALTY 114 Goldsborough St., Easton, MD 21601 410-822-7556 · 410-310-5745 www.shorelinerealty.biz · bob@shorelinerealty.biz

Exclusive 50th Anniversary Waterfowl Festival YETI’s available at our pop-up store downtown November 12-14!