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Tidewater Times

March 2015


www.SaintMichaelsWaterfront.com

Deepwater Point Drive ~ St. Michaels Near Harbourtowne Golf Course ... This attractive 4 bedroom home overlooks the deep, protected waters of Long Haul Creek (sunset views!). From the dock, St. Michaels Harbor is just 1 mile away! Beautifully designed, the 3,500 sq. ft. house features high ceilings, fabulous kitchen, paneled library and slate-floored screened porch. Two 2-car garages! $1,585,000

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Tidewater Times

Since 1952, Eastern Shore of Maryland Vol. 63, No. 10

Published Monthly

March 2015

Features: About the Cover Photographers: Carl R. Sams II and Jean Stoick . . . . . 7 Peace and Quiet: Helen Chappell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 The Legend of Two Johns: Dick Cooper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Aluminum Overcast ~ Winged Avenger of WWII: Cliff James . . . 45 Tidewater Kitchen: Pamela Meredith-Doyle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Tidewater Gardening: K. Marc Teffeau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 The Chamberlaines: Gary D. Crawford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Emerald Surf: Bonna L. Nelson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Tidewater Review: Anne Stinson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Ponies, Oysters, and Watermen ~ Chincoteague: Harold Hurst . . . 177

Departments: March Tide Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Queen Anne’s County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Caroline County - A Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Dorchester Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Easton Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 St. Michaels Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Oxford Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Tilghman - Bay Hundred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Kent County and Chestertown at a Glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 March Calendar of Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 David C. Pulzone, Publisher · Anne B. Farwell, Editor P. O. Box 1141, Easton, Maryland 21601 102 Myrtle Ave., Oxford, MD 21654 410-226-0422 FAX : 410-226-0411 www.tidewatertimes.com info@tidewatertimes.com

Tidewater Times is published monthly by Tidewater Times Inc. Advertising rates upon request. Subscription price is $25.00 per year. Individual copies are $4. Contents of this publication may not be reproduced in part or whole without prior approval of the publisher. The publisher does not assume any liability for errors and/or omissions.

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About the Cover Photographers

Carl R. Sams II & Jean Stoick spectives to record the scene. Though Carl and Jean may approach their subjects differently, they both agree that during early mornings, as the fog settles into the low areas and the dew and frost covers the meadows, a magical wonderland is created. When working with birds and wildlife, Carl and Jean try to interact with their subjects and each other to capture special behaviors and backgrounds. “Carl usually has an idea of what he wants to photograph when he goes out into the field. He moves with more of a purpose than I do,” states Jean. To see more of their work, visit their website at www.carlsams.com.

Carl R. Sams II and Jean Stoick are professional wildlife photographers from Milford, MI. Recently they exhibited at Easton’s Waterfowl Festival where this month’s cover image, titled “Hanging Out,” was displayed along with many of their shots of birds and mammals. Their photographs have been represented in many publications including Airone (considered Italy’s National Geographic), Audubon, BBC Wildlife, Birder’s World, Michigan Natural Resources, National Geographic, National Wildlife, Nature’s Best, Ranger Rick and Terre Sauvage (of France). When they are shooting the same subject, they work two unique per-

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Peace and Quiet by Helen Chappell

When you’re young, you can’t wait to be grown up. You can’t wait until you’re old enough to drive and be independent and come and go and wear what you choose and act just as you please without any adults telling you what to do. When you’re a kid, being an adult seems so easy.

And when you grow up, you realize you could not have been more wrong. If, as a kid, you had the faintest idea what being a grownup is really all about, you’d run off to Never Never Land and hide. Buying gifts for my father was really hard. If he wanted or needed something, he went out and got it

With the busy life of a country doctor, all my dad wanted was a little peace and quiet. 9


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Peace and Quiet for himself. On my allowance, I certainly couldn’t afford to buy him a new Ford (in those days, all doctors drove Fords) or even a shotgun or fishing rod. Without being a dandy, he definitely had ideas about his clothing. He was so picky that if I took the cardboard out of his freshly laundered and starched dress shirts to use for a drawing, he’d have a fit if there was the least wrinkle left. So you can just imagine how the dear man felt about the typical dad gifts we bestowed upon him every Christmas, Father’s Day and birthday. Years of containers of Old Spice sat moldering on his bathroom shelves. Hand-painted

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Peace and Quiet

on the length of Robert E. Lee’s beard? He already had picked it up and finished it before you could present him with a new copy. We were too young to buy Jack Daniels, his favorite alcoholic beverage, so that was ruled out. Mom did the shopping and the two of them shared a mild addiction to Coca- Cola, so forget that. My father was a workaholic. In the morning, he got up and performed surgery, then made rounds in the hospital. In the afternoon and most evenings, he had office hours, so he’d come home about five, eat, go back to work and come home again about eight, and fall asleep in his comfy chair in front of the TV until bedtime.

neckties of hideous cheapness, featuring his favorite motifs, waterfowl and Hereford cattle, hung unworn in his closet. I know he loved my brother and me, but even that couldn’t quite bring him to tie a short rayon mallard around his neck. Not when there were racks and racks of elegant silk in there. Civil War books? The man was a serious scholar, and his collection of tomes on the War Between the States covered many, many bookshelves and spilled out on every f lat surface. I knew who Douglas Southall Freeman was before I could read the author’s work. But try and get the old man a book

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Peace and Quiet

birthday/Christmas/Father’s Day/ Some High Holy Day?” My old man would grunt. He never even bothered to open his eyes, being half asleep. “Peace and quiet,” he would say. And that was what he wanted for every occasion, every event, every landmark for years and years and years, right up until the day he died ~ peace and quiet. When you are a kid, you have no idea what peace and quiet is, and if you did, you couldn’t give anyone peace and quiet because you are, surprise, a kid, and peace and quiet are unknown. Fast forward a few years. My father has long gone and, I hope, found the peace and quiet he

Sometimes, he’d get up in the middle of the night and eat a bowl of cereal and read the rest of the newspaper, a habit I think he started when he was a resident, with the hellacious hours residents keep. Sometimes the phone would ring in the middle of the night and he’d get dressed and off he’d go to whatever emergency awaited him. When I was very young, he’d make house calls in the evenings, actually going to patients’ homes to minister to them. And sometimes we’d ride along and sit in the car. So I’d find him dozing in his chair in front of the TV, and I’d say, “Pop, what do you want for your

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Peace and Quiet wanted so much, the peace and quiet most adults begin to seek. Although he told me before he died that he dreamed he went to heaven, and one of his surgeon colleagues was there to greet him. “Come on, Chappell,” Dr. Kenselmo said, “We’ve got to scrub up. There’s surgery in heaven.” Of course, that might be my father’s idea of peace and quiet. If you could have heard some of the procedures he’d cheerfully describe to us over the dinner table, you’d know why I don’t get icky easily. But, Pop, wherever you are, in an operating room or lounging in a duckblind somewhere, I want you to know that I finally understand that peace and quiet is the greatest gift of all. Anton Chekhov said, “Any fool can survive a crisis. It’s the day to day living that wears you down.” As he was about so many things, Chekhov was spot on about this one. Peace and quiet doesn’t happen very much in grown-up, real life. There are bills to pay, and consequences if you don’t pay them. Work is unceasing, even if you retire. No one escapes housework, no one escapes the thousand little pinpricks of annoyance that fill our days, from a recalcitrant computer to the memory, too late, that this morning WAS trash day. The aches and pains, the daily little dramas

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Peace and Quiet

actual peace and quiet. A sunrise, a still moment on the porch, a sleeping child or animal. These moments don’t last long, but they do remind you that peace and quiet is out there, and it’s up to you to find it in the chaos. I’ll sleep when I’m dead. Here’s to you, Pop. I’ve finally learned what peace and quiet is.

and big soap operas that make up human interaction. The job. The car. The weather. The unexpected horrors of the nightly news and the expected horrors of that feeling you’re about to get a cold. Death and birth, gain and loss, and yes, annoying kids who carry your DNA. That feeling that detail work is like being nibbled to death by ducks. Lying awake at night, worrying about money, or health, or relationships or how much it’s going to cost to get a new porch. A million things. Being a grown-up means responsibility weighs you down like a blizzard on a roof. And here and there, moments of

Helen Chappell is the creator of the Sam and Hollis mystery series and the Oysterback stories, as well as The Chesapeake Book of the Dead. Under her pen name, Rebecca Baldwin, she has published a number of historical novels.

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The Legend of Two Johns How Vaudeville Came to the Choptank by Dick Cooper On the Eastern Shore, where most places are named for the English hometow ns or close relatives of Colonial settlers, the etymology of the Caroline County crossroads neighborhood of Two Johns stands apart: way, way apart. Unlike the academic high-brow names of Oxford and Cambridge, Two Johns’ name has its origins in a joke, a fast-paced, two-hourlong string of jokes played out for decades on stages across America. And they were not just any jokes; they were “fat jokes.” Keene’s Landing, on the east bank of the Choptank River about five miles south of Denton, was a wellknown Caroline County farm that had once been owned by a family “of substance in this county.” That family had moved on by the time John Stewart Crossy bought the landing and 400 acres on the river in the early 1880s. Crossy himself was a man of substance, financially and physically. He was a playwright, a composer, a singer, a thespian, an impresario, an entrepreneur and he was a vaudevillian. He managed a the-

atre in Philadelphia where a local newspaper reporter once wrote that Crossy was “a gentleman who never enters a streetcar because he can’t get through the door. He carries a great gold cane when he walks and illumines his entire surroundings with his smile and shakes like a glorious mold of jelly when he laughs…. 25


The Legend of Two Johns His face is large, round and ruddy; a waxed mustache stands out sharply and aggressively.� In the late 1870s, Crossy, who also went by his stage names of John C. Stewart or Fatty Stewart, wrote and produced a play, entitled Two Johns, loosely based on Sha kespeare’s Comedy of Errors. Instead of having twins separated at birth moving about the stage and constantly being mistaken for each other in awkward situations, Crossy hired other portly actors to play his mirror image. One of them, John Hart, was an established actor. Another was Frank Rush who, before he joined Two Johns, turned down an offer from P.T. Barnum to appear in his show as

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The Legend of Two Johns

and neighbors and laugh for another week. Their coins all added up, and Crossy got rich. By one account of a nine-month theatrical season, the Two Johns troupe put on 251 shows, traveled 11,000 miles by train and played in theatres in 20 states and the District of Columbia. In the days before air conditioning, theatres closed for business in the summer months. Crossy and his wife, Isabell, also an established play wright, bought the Caroline County property to be their summer home and a retreat from the circuit. (In Philadelphia, Crossy had tried to keep a theatre open one summer by installing a large “blowing machine” that forced cool air from a neighboring coal yard into the building, but it wasn’t enough to beat the city heat and the plan was abandoned.) B y t he su m mer of 188 4 , t he Crossys were established on the

the “Fattest Boy in the World.” The play was full of slapstick, sight gags, pratfalls and pretty girls, and it made people laugh. Laughter in the 1880s was something Americans were more than happy to pay for. T he ne wly ele c te d P r e sident James A. Garfield, who ran as a reformer after more than a decade of corrupt government, was the second president to be assassinated in less than 15 years. The nation was still deeply wounded by the Civil War and slid into a deep financial recession. Factories closed, people were out of work and hungry and in search of a diversion. For a nickel or a dime they could escape into a local theatre to watch Two Johns for a few hours and laugh until their sides hurt. Then they could go home and tell all of the jokes to their friends

Crossy’s mansion on the banks of the Choptank River. 28


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The Legend of Two Johns

tal, furnished by the Crossy family, particularly delighted the visitors,” the reporter wrote. He also noted that Mr. Crossy let the visitors know that the Sabbath was fast approaching and wished them well as they depar ted back upstream on the steamer to make sure they were home before midnight. Crossy’s social circle expanded the cultural offering of life in Denton. He and his theatrical friends would give public readings in the town and offer music and dancing in the pavilion he built at his home. The house itself was converted into a g ingerbread mansion w it h 21 rooms, peaked gables and a garret. One of the guests was Paul Dresser, a famous composer, singer and actor who became best known for writing the song “On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away.” Dresser changed his name from Dreiser when he left home as a teenager to join a minstrel show as a piano player. He was the older brother of the famous novelist Theodore Dreiser. Reports written in the 1930s about the history of Two Johns during its heyday included future movie star Louise Dresser as one of the frequent visitors, but that is highly unlikely. She was born Louise Kerlin in 1879 and changed her name in the late 1890s after Paul Dresser, who was then a big star of Tin Pan Alley, convinced her the name change would help her career. It may have for a brief while, but Paul Dresser

Choptank and used their newfound money to renovate the property and rename it “Two Johns” in honor of the source of the money. They inv ited ot her actors, musicians and stage performers to be their guests and enjoy the clean country air and the cooling breezes along the riverbank. The Big City guests came by steamboat from Baltimore, giving the deckhands something to talk about. In June 1884, they invited their business friends to their new home to help them celebrate their silver wedding anniversar y. They also hired out the riverboat Highland Light to ferry a load of their new neighbors down river from Denton to join in the festivities. The guests included a reporter from the Denton Journal, who chronicled the adventure under the headline “A Notable Wedding Anniversary” in the June 28 edition. “Right royally did Mr. and Mrs. John S. Crossy celebrate their silver wedding anniversary on Saturday last,” wrote the reporter. “Crossy’s is the old Keene’s Landing proper t y delightf ully located on the noble Choptank, but improved and adorned under the care of the present owner beyond recognition.” A party of 50 Dentonians mingled with vaudevillians, and by all reports had a smashing good time. “Music, both vocal and instrumen30


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The Legend of Two Johns

house from garret to cellar; we can supply any mechanic with tools; we can furnish you with the finest groceries.” He also built a saw mill, a grist mill ~ 40 cent discount on flour if you brought your own barrel ~ and a fertilizer plant. His wharf was a regular stop for Choptank River steamboats, and he became the postmaster of the area now known as Two Johns on the maps and the riverboat schedules. He was a big-time advertiser in the Denton Journal, taking out large ads for his enterprises that he promoted as being easily reachable from the county seat on a “prime shell pike.” His comings and goings were recorded in the Journal, and it became a social event when the Crossys returned to Caroline County every May. Throughout the summer

died penniless in 1905 from complications brought on by alcoholism and obesity. The Dressers were not related, but she was frequently referred to as his sister. When John Hart paid a visit to Crossy, the Denton Journal reported that “the Two Johns weigh 300 pounds each and are enjoying themselves in proportion to their size.” Through the 1880s, and well into the next decade, Crossy did much more than lounge on the banks of the river with his fellow actors. He built a well-stocked general store that he advertised as “The Largest and Best Stocked Store on the Peninsula.” His ads in the Denton Journal boasted, “We can dress man, woman, boy, girl and infant from head to foot; we can furnish a

“Two Johns” ad in the Denton Journal. 32


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The Legend of Two Johns

But not all of the critics were so smitten. In 1888, a San Francisco Chronicle writer put it this way: “The Bush Theatre has been inflicted with something called Two Johns. It looks as if two fat men have met who found they could make up like one another and conclude that the Creator had designed them for public exhibition. But they have made a mistake in the intentions of the Creator. He evidently meant them for the dime museum.” As the 1890s drew to a close, so did John Crossy’s life as landed gentr y in Caroline Count y. The theatrical tastes of the nation were changing, and the box office for Two Johns was starting to contract. In 1897, the Denton Journal reported the Two Johns farm, mansion and outbuildings were on the brink of foreclosure.

months, Crossy could be seen on the river aboard his little steamer John S. Crossy, a 46-footer “with a large hurricane deck” that could get up a head of steam burning “coal, wood or naphtha.” The Two Johns show continued its national run with the troupe moving back and forth across the country as fast as the trains could take them. They played extensively throughout the Midwest and South making headlines from Newport, Nebraska, to Logansport, Indiana, to Savannah, Georgia. The rave reviews followed them with comments including “You will laugh until given further orders at the ‘Two Johns,’ and “From the time the first curtain went up until the final fall there was a continuous guffaw.”

Today, there is nothing left but the name, Two Johns. 34


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The Legend of Two Johns

America when he was nine years old, gained fame and wealth on the American stage. He was 71 when he died in his son’s home of heart failure in 1905. His death was reported in newspapers throughout t he United St ate s a nd C a nad a, where he was remembered as “the famous fat man.” The Denton Journal carried his obituary on the front page and noted “For a number of years, Mr. Crossy spent his summers at Two Johns, this county, where he owned and occupied a large and beautiful home overlooking the Choptank River. He was a fine comedian and was known all over the country.” Isabell Crossy died in St. Louis in 1935. She was 93. The legend of the vaudevillians

After the sinking of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor in 1898, Crossy told the Baltimore American he wanted to turn his summer home into an orphanage for children of those sailors who perished in the explosion. The property was valued at $70,000 and also had a steamboat and a freight building. All he needed was 10 investors who would come up with $100 each to make the deal go through. By 1900, the Crossys sold Two Johns and eventually moved to St. Louis, Missouri, to live with their son, a well-known physician. John Stewart Crossy, who was born in Dublin, Ireland, and came to

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The Legend of Two Johns on the Choptank continued through t he 20t h c ent u r y w it h va r iou s whisper-down-the-lane modificat ions. Aut hor Hu lber t Foot ner, in his 1944 regional classic book Rivers of the Eastern Shore, wrote, “John Stewart and John Crossey (sic) were t wo vaudev ille actors who had gravitated together as a team because they looked as much alike as twins.” Footner’s vast team of researchers apparently failed to inform him not only did they look alike, they were the same man. He went on to write that the people of Caroline County “where amazed by the goings-on at the Two Johns; not understanding it at all, they naturally thought the worst.” Instead of having guests from Denton invited to John and Isabell Crossy’s wedding anniversary party, he wrote, “In order to win their good will, the Two Johns chartered a steamboat one Sunday and invited the whole town of Denton to come to one of their shows.” Footner did explore the ruin of the mansion before he wrote his book. He described it as having a “dizzy façade, like an extravaganza of 1885, with its bay windows, fancy porches, g ingerbread work a nd absurd little wooden tower topping it all.” Finally, in 1947 the last vestiges of the old estate went up in flames. The Denton Journal’s front page story 38


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The Legend of Two Johns

bustling complex on the Choptank are the Two Johns name on the map, a suburban housing development off Harmony Road that bears its name, and a County Parks sign listing the hours of the public landing. It is closed between dusk and dawn. On a recent winter day, a lone bald eagle skimmed low over the water. It was the only living thing moving over a place where, for a brief time, vaudevillians came to Caroline County to relax, sing and dance just for fun.

repeated the story that the mansion had been the summer home of two rotund actors, this time naming them “J. Stuart Crossey” and “John Hart,” whose act was known as “The Fat Men’s Club.” According to the report, the men christened their new home “Two Johns” and after it was finished “the steamboat from Baltimore made it a regular stop and almost every day brought gay parties of guests. The Two Johns eventually fell on evil days. Crossey died in a garret, according to the best Bohemian tradition, and his partner dropped out of sight.” The wharf and outbuildings are now long gone. The only traces of the

Dick Cooper is a Pulitzer Prizewinning journalist. He and his wife, Pat, live and sail in St. Michaels. He can be reached at dickcooper@ coopermediaassociates.com.

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TIDE TABLE

OXFORD, MD 1. Sun. 2. Mon. 3. Tues. 4. Wed. 5. Thurs. 6. Fri. 7. Sat. 8. Sun. 9. Mon. 10. Tues. 11. Wed. 12. Thurs. 13. Fri. 14. Sat. 15. Sun. 16. Mon. 17. Tues. 18. Wed. 19. Thurs. 20. Fri. 21. Sat. 22. Sun. 23. Mon. 24. Tues. 25. Wed. 26. Thurs. 27. Fri. 28. Sat. 29. Sun. 30. Mon. 31. Tues.

HIGH PM AM

12:07 1:00 1:49 2:33 3:15 3:54 4:31 6:08 6:45 7:25 8:09 8:57 9:52 10:53 11:57 12:18 1:18 2:15 3:10 4:04 4:57 5:50 6:42 7:36 8:32 9:31 10:33 11:39 12:45 1:38

1:18 2:05 2:45 3:21 3:54 4:26 4:58 6:32 7:08 7:48 8:33 9:23 10:18 11:17 1:01 2:02 2:58 3:51 4:41 5:29 6:18 7:07 7:59 8:52 9:49 10:49 11:48 12:42 1:38 2:26

MARCH 2015 AM

LOW PM

6:49 7:42 8:29 9:13 9:53 10:33 11:12 12:21 12:51 1:24 2:02 2:44 3:35 4:35 5:42 6:52 8:00 9:03 10:04 11:02 11:59 12:42 1:28 2:19 3:14 4:16 5:23 6:30 7:31 8:26

8:11 8:51 9:27 9:58 10:26 10:53 11:21 12:52 1:36 2:23 3:16 4:16 5:19 6:22 7:20 8:12 9:01 9:46 10:30 11:14 11:57 12:56 1:54 2:54 3:55 4:56 5:56 6:51 7:41 8:24 9:02

Now taking reservations for 2015 slips

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Aluminum Overcast Winged Avenger of World War II by Cliff Rhys James

“To have the United States at our side was to me the greatest joy. Now at this moment I knew America was in the war, up to the neck and in to the death. So, we had won after all! Hitler’s fate was now sealed. Mussolini’s fate was sealed. And as for the Japanese, they would be ground to powder.” (PM Winston Churchill’s diary entry as the U.S. entered W W II after Pearl Harbor)

The prayer of utter desperation is the most earnest prayer of all, and through the hellish days and nights when England stood alone aga i nst t he Na z i wa r mach i ne, W i n s t o n C hu r c h i l l w h i s p e r e d ma ny such pet it ion s. Then, on that providential afternoon in the smoking aftermath of Pearl Harbor, when he looked up and saw the first squadrons of American B-17 Flying Fortresses locked and loaded on E ng l i sh s oi l, he k ne w t h at h i s prayers had been answered:

Sunbeams flicker and flash like

The restored World War II B-17 Flying Fortress bomber Aluminum Overcast stands on the tarmac at Easton airport on October 9, 2014. (AFP Photo/Robert Macpherson) 45


Aluminum Overcast

the peaceful here and now, safely stripped of bombs and bullets and just shy of her 70 th birthday, she radiates on slow bur n w it h t he promise of violence. There was a time when a sk y filled with the rumbling sound of her four engines was desperately feared, first by Hitler’s henchmen, but ultimately by all the Axis powers who in the end could do little more than hunker down against the fury of her approaching storm and pray for deliverance from the hell about to be unleashed from the heavens. Here, after all, was an avenging angel of terror raining down ruin in a thousand acts of retribution from 30,000 feet ~ courtesy of Boeing by way of Uncle Sam. Here was one

fire off this winged war machine as it sits alone, proud and unafraid on the r unway apron at Easton Airport. Even amidst the tranquility of a pastoral setting, this haunting specter from histor y’s bloodiest conflagration remains a head turner with the kind of sloping aluminum presence that attracts notice from ever y direction ~ like a magnet does iron filings. She was once a destroyer of worlds from on high, casting a dark moving shadow of death over Axis valleys below. Her purpose was unmistakable: savage a n n i h i l at ion of a ny s a nc t u a r y the earth might afford histor y’s prince of darkness. But, even in

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Aluminum Overcast built-tough bomber designed to deliver heavy clout to our enemy’s doorsteps in a world at war across a Europe in f lames. Yes, once A merica was in the battle up to the neck and in to the death, the flying fortress delivered devastating blows deep into the interior of the Third Reich. And yes, she was possessed with legendary durabilit y. Still, quantit y has a qualit y all its ow n, and so in a grinding war of attrition her stacked formations made good on Churchill’s promise; they ground to powder and sealed the fate of our enemies on three continents. In the end, Fortress America’s industrial might a nd her u ncha l lenged c apacit y to forge the tools of war proved too much for the Axis powers. We simply overwhelmed them. Once the great glowing arsenal of democracy cranked into full overtime with tens of thousands of Rosie the Riveters working the metal, it was only a matter of when, and not if, the Allies achieved victory. And more

than any weapon ever wheeled off the assembly line by riveters named Rosie and Betty or by the Mildreds, Mar ys and Eleanors of the day, the B-17 Flying Fortress was the quintessential engine of destruction aimed straight at the black heart of Der Führer. Once coupled with Yankee know-how and American grit, legions of them ascended to cruising altitude and headed east to level his cities and blast away at fascism’s badly refracted logic. A .50 c a l. m ac h i ne g u n w a s positioned on both sides of the f uselage in t he wa ist g unner compartments. Each was fed by its own 9-yard-long ammunition belt, usually left spent by mission’s end.

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Aluminum Overcast

and bleeding bunch limping back to base on a wing and a prayer with an engine or two knocked out and a fuselage shot full of holes. And what was left of the aircraft not already damaged or missing was often on fire! How these lumbering wrecks remained airworthy after such violent encounters was a source of constant amazement ~ even for her designers. Often the damage to returning planes was so extensive that once clear of the white Cliffs of Dover and back over English soil, the pi lot c ou ld ma nage lit t le more than a skidding, collapsing crash landing from which a bedraggled but grateful crew would scurry clear of the flaming wreckage. Their B-17 had taken them to the very gates

Hence the term still employed today signifying complete use: “The whole nine yards.” Oh, the B-17 Flying Fortress was formidable all right, but not invincible. Sortie after sortie she danced with the devil, f lying straight into the teeth of the Nazi hell-storm where the Luftwaffe’s diving, screaming Messerschmitts and Focke-Wolfes filled the skies and shot her to pieces. But better than the best Timex watch ever built, she could “take a licking and keep on ticking,” which endeared her to her young American crews as well as their waiting families. After all, these battle-weary airmen were often a frostbitten, shot-up

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Aluminum Overcast

Frontier. A nd as for the B-17, it was the Allies’ winged avenger and destroyer of totalitarian worlds. Enter ing t he pla ne, I crouch down to avoid banging my head on the metal bulkhead framing the undersized rear door. Once inside, my first glance around makes one thing abundantly clear: crew comfort was far down the list of priorities. Standing slightly hunched over in the rear of the plane and facing front, the fuselage spirals out before me in a series of concentric aluminum alloy rings (circumferential stiffeners) c o n n e c t e d b y l o n g a l u m i nu m strips (longitudinal stiffeners). The whole tubular affair is covered by a remarkably thin aluminum skin. A plane, this plane, any plane, has to lift itself and everything it carries off the ground, and so weight saved in the structure itself is available for other things that tend to come in handy ~ things like a flight crew, a full load of fuel, bombs, bullets and machine guns.

of hell and back, cheating not only gravity, but death itself along the way. It’s little wonder, then, why the eyes of many airmen filled with tears at the sight of their winged deliverer lying broken and burning beneath the somber English sky. It was as if a soul had somehow arisen from within inanimate metal itself, one transfigured by compassion that had consciously decided to sacrifice itself - giving its last full measure of devotion to deliver its crew safely home. To say that the B-17 is a four engine, mid-wing military monoplane of all metal/aluminum alloy with stressed skin construction ~ which, by the way, is true ~ is like saying Davey Crockett was a senator from Tennessee ~ which, by the way, is true. Both descriptions are accurate but altogether insufficient. Crockett was a pioneer, soldier and folk hero; he was King of the Wild

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Aluminum Overcast Ah, yes ~ machine guns. Twenty minutes earlier on my walk-around inspection, I had silently counted them, then counted again to double check myself, and yes, there are thirteen in all; thirteen bad ass, heavy duty, air-cooled .50 cal. machine guns bristling from this thing in every direction. So many, in fact, that you have a…well, a flying fortress. Upon first seeing all the machine guns sticking out of turrets and fuselage openings of a B-17, a Seattle newspaper reporter described the aircraft as a flying fortress. Boeing and the U.S. Army Air Corps liked the term so much they kept the name and made it official. “Come on in and make yourself u nc om for t able, we’ve got open seating,” says the rascally crew chief as we straggle in. So I slip into a canvas webbing kind of seat slung from the interior wall of the fuselage. Each side of the plane has a gaping 4’ X 4’ opening cut out through which the mounted .50-cal. waist guns point their barrels. Air rushes in around the ball turret mountings, from assor ted vents a nd t hrough a range of loosely fitted metal seams. The crew chief demonstrates how to work the seat belt buckles while pointing out the surrounding sharp edges and trip hazards to avoid. “Right here for those who need them are ear plugs and vomit bags,” he says, slapping

the side of small compartment. In the back of the plane a woman is assisting a 90-year-old man. He’s frail and unsteady on his feet. His hair is white, his eyes are clear and although he appears fully aler t, he’s unable to speak. After securing her father’s seat belt, the daughter straps herself in next to him. When I smile at them he unfolds a sheet of paper and passes it my way. On it is a neatly typed paragraph entitled Herbert S. Meeker and dated 10-314. It reads: I was a 20 year old lead navigator with the 398th Bomb Group in 194445. I flew 30 missions over Germany (6 to Berlin) without much incidence. The missions were very long, about 8 hour s. We s tar te d br ief ings very early in the morning after a breakfast of make believe eggs and coffee that made your hair stand on end. It was late 1944 and early 1945, therefore is was very cold at 30,000 feet. That was the hardest part of the tour for me, trying to keep warm if and when my heated suit failed. I am glad I went through it very quickly 54


55


Aluminum Overcast

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unlike all the others lost in the war who never made it. I no sooner look up from the paper and shoot them both a thumbs up signal than the crew chief starts into his pre-flight announcements. These include startling factoids like, “In case of an emergency, available exits include the bomb bay,” as well as admonitions such as, “DO NOT touch the bundle of small cables near your head running the length of the plane. These connect the pilot’s cockpit controls to the rear control surfaces of the aircraf t. Interfering with them could lead to loss of control and a crash.” “ That usually gets ever yone’s at tent ion,” says t he crew chief. “Now l i sten up,” he c ont i nue s, “we’re going to fire up the engines. These are vintage nine-cylinder, air-cooled, radial engines, and we need to let them idle while the oil pressure builds. Once we go wheels up you can move around as much as you like.” He pauses briefly and then asks, “Any questions?” I raise my hand, which he acknowledges with a nod. “Can I shoot one of the .50 cal machine guns once we’re airborne?” I ask. He gives me an exaggerated eye roll. “Hell, no,” he fires back, “I’m afraid you’d shoot out one of our engines.” I’m laughing out loud as he slowly shakes his grinning head back and forth from side to side in mock disgust.

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Little Red Cottage In the heart of Oxford’s historic district and living way larger than it lets on from the outside, this enchanting home features several comfortable living spaces, a separate dining room, screened front porch, master suite with tile bathroom and Jacuzzi tub, and three additional bedrooms and so much more.

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Aluminum Overcast

compartment where we’re sitting. Where is the “no smoking” sign when you need one? One random spark in this fuel-saturated atmosphere and plane or no plane, we’ll all be flying. Over the next minute or two the r ich scent of gasoline vapors is gradually displaced by plumes of engine smoke that drift through the fuselage. Folks are starting to cough and rub their burning eyes. But Herbert Meeker, he’s leaning back with his eyes closed. He’s been

The first of four Wright Cyclone turbo supercharged 1200 HP engines lights off, followed a minute later by the second. It’s shake, rattle, rock and roll time, and the noise level, while not yet painful, threatens to get there fast. I shove the foam plugs deeper into my ears. Now all four engines are roaring, spewing exhaust and pumping raw gasoline fumes directly into the fuselage

Inside a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber a radio operator & an engineer, clad in hi-altitude sheepskin clothing, goggles & oxygen masks, manning .50 cal. waist guns during bombing raid launched by US 8th Bomber Command from England. Photo by Margaret Bourke-White, Sept. 1942, from the LIFE Archives. 58


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Aluminum Overcast

r

ll u Ca To rA Fo

here before under more harrowing conditions. I jab my ear plugs in further and begin to wonder if one of the ancient engines is on fire. The plane shudders tr y ing to lunge forward against the force of the squealing wheel brakes and I’m thinking, man ~ those poor bomber boys from 1944 went through this pre-f light hell and then hurtled into 8 hours of bitter cold, fiery hot combat. Meeker’s eyes flutter open for a moment, and I snap off a crisp salute in his direction. He notices and with the kind of deliberateness that old age confers sooner or later upon us all, he salutes back. A loud bang like a shotgun goes off! Jesus! But it’s just the locked-up brakes finally releasing and after a sudden jostle we’re taxiing out for take-off on runway 22. The pilot races the engines up and down the way a drag racer does coasting up to the starting line, and despite her age and heft, Aluminum Overcast bucks like a frisky mustang. The plane pivots into a turn and comes to a full stop pointed southwest. For a few seconds all four roaring engines are maxed out and straining against the applied brakes. Then ~ we lurch forward and thunder down the runway pulled by four howling propellers that rip into g reat cont inuous swat hs of a ir and expel it behind us. The rate of acceleration surprises me. I’ve taken 60


off hundreds of times in commercial jet liners, but Aluminum Overcast feels remarkably quick to me. Almost w it hout notice we’re wheels up and carving a smooth arc toward the skies over St. Michaels. Sure enough, all those fuselage openings guarantee the cool rush of October air over and around us. That and the Eastern Shore’s verdant splendor passing below at 150 MPH makes for pure exhilaration. But it wasn’t that way for the bomber boys of WW II. At 10,000 feet they donned their oxygen masks. At 30,000 feet they battled bitter, unrelenting cold. (Temps. drop 3 degrees Fa hrenheit for ever y thousand-foot increase in altitude) Do the mat h! A tempora r i ly ungloved hand carelessly laid on equipment would freeze and attach to metal. An oxygen line or mask failure left you unconscious inside of 30 seconds. Approaching the target, each crew member donned a 30-pound flak suit and steel helmet. Parachutes were too bulky to be worn in action, so you had better be real good and real fast at slipping into one when that terrible time came. Hours of ear-splitting roar that left each crew member alone with his isolation chamber thoughts; sub-zero temps, the fear of probable outcomes; it was enough to exhaust the fittest warrior long before actual engagement with the enemy. Banking into a turn, the town of Oxford fills my camera lens. Then

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Aluminum Overcast

Overcast sit t ing on t he tar mac ~ qu iet but proud. Tu r n i ng 90 deg re e s, I se e Herb er t Me eker sitting in his wheelchair ~ quiet but proud. There aren’t many of them left; the Herbert Meekers or the B-17s ~ fewer and fewer with each passing day. But I heartily commend them both to you. If you see one of the former ~ thank him for his service. If one of the latter ~ go for a ride.

we switch from VFR (visual flight regulations) to IFR (I follow river) and roar up the Tred Avon, casting our soft winged shadow across its smooth surface until at last that shadow hardens and comes up to greet us on the concrete of Easton’s runway 4. After 1943, a B-17 crewman’s tour of duty was set for 30 missions. The average crewman had a one in four chance of completing his tour. Standing next to Aluminum Overcast on the ground after our f light, I shake Herbert Meeker’s hand. “Thanks for your service,” I say. “You beat the odds.” He nods and smiles and pats the fuselage of the B-17. Later, from a distance, I look one way and see Aluminum

Cliff James and his wife have been Easton residents since September 2009. Upon winding down his business career out west, they decided to return to familial roots in the Mid-Atlantic area and to finally get serious about their twin passions: writing and art.

Rural Maryland, near the Chesapeake Bay, is seen through the clear Plexiglas nose of the restored World War II B-17 Flying Fortress bomber Aluminum Overcast, on a flight on October 9, 2014. (AFP Photo/Robert Macpherson) 62


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Meatless Mondays meatless meals for Lent, trying Meatless Mondays, or just avoiding meat altogether, you are sure to find a delicious meatless recipe for your next meal. Here are some I hope you enjoy.

There are many different diets out there, but research shows that eating high fat foods ~ meat being the biggest culprit ~ can compromise your health. Foods like vegetables, grains and beans contain high fiber, are easy to prepare, and have great health benefits. When most beans and grains are eaten together, they provide a complete dietary protein. Some people give up meat altogether and become vegetarians as a way of life. I haven’t, but I try to eat meatless meals about three times a week. It is very easy to incorporate satisfying, delicious and healthy meatless dishes into your menu plan for variety and nutritional benefits. When cooking your meatless meals, make sure you use the freshest and highest quality vegetables, beans, grains and seasonings. Cook what is in season. It will taste better and you won’t have to sacrifice f lavor. Whether you are looking for

CHEESE R AVIOLI SPINACH CASSEROLE Serves 10 This is a popular casserole to take to a gathering. Even those who don’t like spinach seem to like this dish. 1 19-oz. pkg. frozen cheese raviolis (I also use cheese tortellini) 1 8-oz. pkg. sliced Portobello mushrooms 65


Tidewater Kitchen

21 BEERS ON TAP

Many Changing Seasonally

4 garlic cloves, minced 1/2 t. onion powder Freshly ground pepper to taste 1/4 cup butter 1-1/2 cups milk 1/2 lb. sharp cheddar or Five-Italian cheese mix 2 10-oz. pkgs. frozen chopped spinach, thawed, squeezed dry 2 cups shredded mozzarella cheese Preheat oven to 350°. Cook pasta according to package directions. In a large skillet, sauté mushrooms, garlic, onion powder and pepper in the butter until the mushrooms are tender. Set aside. In the same skillet, combine the milk and cheddar cheese, and stir until melted. Drain the pasta and place in a large bowl. Stir in the mushroom mixture. Add spinach. Add the cheese sauce and toss all together. Transfer to a greased 9”x12” casserole dish and top with the shredded mozzarella cheese. Cover and bake for 15 minutes. Uncover and bake until heated through, approximately 10 minutes. This casserole can be made the day before and then reheated.

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Tidewater Kitchen

back into the pureĂŠ ~ you should have a soup that is nicely textured. If you need to thin the soup with more water or stock, do so a bit at a time. Stir in the lemon juice and taste. If the soup needs more salt, add more a bit at a time until the flavor of the soup really pops. Ladle into bowls and serve each drizzled with olive oil and topped with a good pinch of smoked paprika and a touch of lemon zest.

that would be great. You can use a vegetable stock in place of the water if you like. 1 T. extra virgin olive oil 2 large onions, chopped 1/2 t. fine-grain sea salt 2 cups dried split green peas, picked over and rinsed 5 cups water or vegetable stock Juice of 1/2 lemon (reserve the zest) A few pinches of smoked paprika More olive oil to drizzle

SLOW COOKER STUFFED PEPPERS Serves 6 2 cups uncooked brown rice 3 small tomatoes, chopped or a 15oz. can of tomatoes, drained 1 cup frozen corn, thawed 1/2 cup onion, chopped 3/4 cup Monterey Jack cheese, shredded 1 4-oz. can chopped ripe olives 1/3 cup black beans, drained and rinsed 1/3 cup red beans, drained and rinsed 1 T. dried basil 4 garlic cloves, minced

Add olive oil to a big pot over medium-high heat. Stir in onions and salt, and cook until the onions soften, just a minute or two. Add the split peas and water. Bring to a boil, dial down the heat, and simmer for 20 minutes, or until the peas are cooked through, but still a touch al dente. Ladle half of the soup into a bowl and set aside. Using a hand blender (or regular blender), pureĂŠ the soup that remains in the pot. Stir the reserved (still chunky) soup 68


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Tidewater Kitchen

2 tablespoons of Parmesan cheese. Cook in the slow cooker on low for 4 hours, or until the peppers are tender. Sprinkle with the remaining Parmesan cheese and serve.

Sea salt and freshly ground pepper to taste 6 large green bell peppers 3/4 cup spaghetti sauce 1/2 cup water 4 T. Parmesan cheese, divided

VEGETABLE LASAGNA Serves 6 This is rich and spicy, but lighter in calories than regular lasagna because vegetables are substituted for a fattier meat-lover’s version.

Place the first 12 ingredients in a large bowl and mix lightly to combine. Cut and discard tops from green peppers and remove seeds. Fill peppers with rice mixture. In a small bowl, mix spaghetti sauce and water. Pour half of the tomato sauce mixture into an oval 5-quart slow cooker. Add the filled peppers. Top the peppers with the remaining sauce and sprinkle with

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Tidewater Kitchen

baking dish. Lay 3 of the lasagna noodles on the bottom. Spread 1 cup of the ricotta cheese over the noodles, then half of the vegetables, 1 cup of the tomato sauce, and 1 cup of the mozzarella. Arrange another 3 noodles over the top, followed by 1 cup of ricotta, the remaining vegetables, 1 cup of the tomato sauce, and 1 cup of the mozzarella. Top this final layer with 3 noodles and the remaining sauce. Dot the top with the remaining ricotta. Reserve the rest of the mozzarella until the end of cooking. Cover the dish tightly with foil and bake for 1 hour. Check to make sure the noodles are cooked by poking the lasagna with a knife, which should slide easily through all layers. If it doesn’t, cover and cook for another 15 minutes. When the noodles are done, sprinkle the remaining mozzarella over the top of the casserole and bake, uncovered, until the cheese has melted, another 10 to 15 minutes.

Vegetable Lasagna 1 bell pepper, diced 4 cloves garlic, minced 1/2 t. sea salt 1/2 t. dried thyme (use twice as much if fresh) 6-oz. pkg. baby spinach 1 28-oz. can crushed tomatoes 9 lasagna noodles (Don’t use the no-boil variety) 2 to 3 cups ricotta cheese 3 cups shredded mozzarella cheese Preheat oven to 400°. Cook onions in olive oil in a large skillet over medium heat for about 5 minutes. Add the mushrooms and cook until they have released their liquid and most of that liquid has evaporated, 5 to 8 minutes more. Add the eggplant, squash, garlic and bell pepper, and cook another 5 minutes. Sprinkle the spinach, salt and spices over the vegetables and stir until it is wilted, 3 to 5 minutes. Remove the skillet of vegetables from the heat. Spread a few spoonfuls of the tomato sauce in the bottom of a 9”x12”

SWEET AND SOUR EGGPLANT Serves 6 2 T. water 2 T. sugar 2 T. red wine vinegar 1 28-oz. can Italian tomatoes, crushed 2 garlic cloves, thinly sliced 1/2 cup extra virgin olive oil 1 t. sea salt 1/2 t. freshly ground pepper 2 large eggplants (about 1-1/4 lbs. each), sliced crosswise, 3/4-inch thick 72


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Tidewater Kitchen

1/2 cup shredded ricotta salata 2 T. chopped mint In a saucepan, combine the water and sugar, and stir over high heat until the sugar dissolves. Cook, without stirring, until a light amber caramel forms, about 2 minutes. Off the heat, add the vinegar. Cook the caramel over very low heat, just until it softens, about 1 minute. Add the tomatoes, garlic and 1/4 cup of the oil and season with salt and pepper. Simmer on moderately low heat until thickened, about 30 minutes. While the tomato mixture is simmering, preheat the oven to 400°. Brush a large rimmed baking sheet with 2 tablespoons of oil. Arrange the eggplant on the sheet and brush with the remaining 2 tablespoons of oil. Season with salt and pepper. Roast the eggplant for 10 minutes, then flip and roast for another 10 minutes, until tender and lightly golden. Arrange the eggplant slices in an 8”x11” baking dish in slightly

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DISCOVER FEATURED EVENT St. Paddy’s Day 5K /10K & Fun Walk Saturday, March 14th 2015 Registration at 7:30 am, Race at 9:00 am Fretterd Center, 107 S. 4th Street, Denton

Share your Irish spirit at this 5K/10K and Fun Walk hosted by CCRP. This year’s event will also feature a Leprechaun Dash at 8:30 am for ages 3 – 5, festival giveaways, pre-race crafts, face-painting and live music! Early Registration: $20/5K & $30/10K Late Registration: $25/5K & $35/10K Contact: 410-479-8120 or visit carolinerecreation.org

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Tidewater Kitchen

Heat the butter in a large skillet over medium-low heat. Cut the onion into thin rings and add to the butter in the pan, sautéing over low heat until fragrant and golden, about 20 minutes. When caramelizing the onions, keep the heat low to prevent burning. The deeper the golden color, the more flavor they will have. Meanwhile, remove the skin and seeds from the squash. Cut the flesh into small cubes. Bring the broth to a boil and add the squash. Cook for 5 to 7 minutes or until fork tender. Drain, reserving 1/2 cup broth, and transfer squash to the blender. Add the onions, milk, salt, and reserved broth and puree until completely smooth and creamy. This should yield about 4 cups of sauce. Pour the pureed sauce over the cooked noodles and add the shredded cheese. Stir to melt the cheese. Add water or milk to adjust consistency as needed. Garnish with parsley.

overlapping rows. Spoon 2/3 of the tomato sauce on top and bake for 20 minutes, until bubbling and browned around the edges. Sprinkle the cheese and mint on top and serve warm, passing the remaining sauce on the side.

MAC & CHEESE with BUTTERNUT SQUASH Serves 4 2 cups uncooked elbow macaroni ~ whole wheat, low glycemic, gluten free ~ any will work 1 T. butter 1 small yellow onion 1 small butternut squash (4-5 cups cubed) 5 cups chicken or vegetable broth 3/4 cup milk 1 t. sea salt 1/2 t. freshly ground pepper 2/3 cup shredded cheese ~ I like Gruyère, but any kind will work Parsley for topping.

A longtime resident of Oxford, Pamela Meredith-Doyle, formerly Denver’s NBC Channel 9 Children’s Chef, now teaches both adult and children’s cooking classes on the south shore of Massachusetts, where she lives with her husband and son. For more of Pam’s recipes, visit the Story Archive tab at www.tidewatertimes.com.

Cook macaroni according to package directions. Drain and set aside. 76


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Queen Anne’s County The history of Queen Anne’s County dates back to the earliest Colonial settlements in Maryland. Small hamlets began appearing in the northern portion of the county in the 1600s. Early communities grew up around transportation routes, the rivers and streams, and then roads and eventually railroads. Small towns were centers of economic and social activity and evolved over the years from thriving centers of tobacco trade to communities boosted by the railroad boom. Queenstown was the original county seat when Queen Anne’s County was created in 1706, but that designation was passed on to Centreville in 1782. It’s location was important during the 18th century, because it is near a creek that, during that time, could be navigated by tradesmen. A hub for shipping and receiving, Queenstown was attacked by English troops during the War of 1812. Construction of the Federal-style courthouse in Centreville began in 1791 and is the oldest courthouse in continuous use in the state of Maryland. Today, Centreville is the largest town in Queen Anne’s County. With its relaxed lifestyle and tree-lined streets, it is a classic example of small town America. The Stevensville Historic District, also known as Historic Stevensville, is a national historic district in downtown Stevensville, Queen Anne’s County. It contains roughly 100 historic structures, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is located primarily along East Main Street, a portion of Love Point Road, and a former section of Cockey Lane. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center in Chester at Kent Narrows provides and overview of the Chesapeake region’s heritage, resources and culture. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center serves as Queen Anne’s County’s official welcome center. Queen Anne’s County is also home to the Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center (formerly Horsehead Wetland Center), located in Grasonville. The CBEC is a 500-acre preserve just 15 minutes from the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. Over 200 species of birds have been recorded in the area. Embraced by miles of scenic Chesapeake Bay waterways and graced with acres of pastoral rural landscape, Queen Anne’s County offers a relaxing environment for visitors and locals alike. For more information about Queen Anne’s County, visit www.qac.org. 79


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Caroline County – A Perspective Caroline County is the very definition of a rural community. For more than 300 years, the county’s economy has been based on “market” agriculture. Caroline County was created in 1773 from Dorchester and Queen Anne’s counties. The county was named for Lady Caroline Eden, the wife of Maryland’s last colonial governor, Robert Eden (1741-1784). Denton, the county seat, was situated on a point between two ferry boat landings. Much of the business district in Denton was wiped out by the fire of 1863. Following the Civil War, Denton’s location about fifty miles up the Choptank River from the Chesapeake Bay enabled it to become an important shipping point for agricultural products. Denton became a regular port-ofcall for Baltimore-based steamer lines in the latter half of the 19th century. Preston was the site of three Underground Railroad stations during the 1840s and 1850s. One of those stations was operated by Harriet Tubman’s parents, Benjamin and Harriet Ross. When Tubman’s parents were exposed by a traitor, she smuggled them to safety in Wilmington, Delaware. Linchester Mill, just east of Preston, can be traced back to 1681, and possibly as early as 1670. The mill is the last of 26 water-powered mills to operate in Caroline County and is currently being restored. The long-term goals include rebuilding the millpond, rehabilitating the mill equipment, restoring the miller’s dwelling, and opening the historic mill on a scheduled basis. Federalsburg is located on Marshyhope Creek in the southern-most part of Caroline County. Agriculture is still a major portion of the industry in the area; however, Federalsburg is rapidly being discovered and there is a noticeable influx of people, expansion and development. Ridgely has found a niche as the “Strawberry Capital of the World.” The present streetscape, lined with stately Victorian homes, reflects the transient prosperity during the countywide canning boom (1895-1919). Hanover Foods, formerly an enterprise of Saulsbury Bros. Inc., for more than 100 years, is the last of more than 250 food processors that once operated in the Caroline County region. Points of interest in Caroline County include the Museum of Rural Life in Denton, Adkins Arboretum near Ridgely, and the Mason-Dixon Crown Stone in Marydel. To contact the Caroline County Office of Tourism, call 410-479-0655 or visit their website at www.tourcaroline.com. 81


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TIDEWATER GARDENING

by K. Marc Teffeau, Ph.D.

Planting “Superfoods” in the Vegetable Garden Mid- to late March is the time to plant cool season vegetable crops in the garden. Well, what does that have to do with “superfoods”? “Superfoods” is one of those ubiquitous terms that has shown up in nutrition and cooking vocabularies in the last couple of years. According to the all-knowing Wikipedia, a “superfood is a marketing term used to describe foods with supposed health benefits.” There is a lot of debate about whether a specific fruit or plant has “superfood” characteristics. The food research community has its serious concerns about the concept, so research and debate are ongoing. While some “superfoods” like blueberries might not really live up to their hyped reputation, other vegetables are truly rich in valuable nutrients. Again, Wikipedia notes, “Many recent superfood lists contain common food choices whose nutritional value has been long recognized as excep-

White Russian Kale tional. Examples of these would be berries, nuts and seeds in general, dark green vegetables (such as spinach, kale, collard greens, Swiss chard, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli), citrus fruits ~ vegetables with bright, dark, or intense colors (such as beets and their greens, 83


Tidewater Gardening and sweet potatoes), many legumes (peanuts, lentils, beans, raw cocoa), and whole grains as a group.” So, as our parents told us, “eat your spinach ~ it’s good for you.” Now is the time to plant these leafy vegetables in the garden. Some of the commonly-grown leafy greens are collards, kale, lettuce, spinach, turnip greens, and Swiss chard. However, there are also some popular specialty leafy greens such as mustard greens, arugula, cress, mache, dandelion, and Asian vegetables.

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to enjoy in a salad or smoothie, cut the outer ones with kitchen shears and leave smaller ones to mature. Most greens are “cut and come again” vegetables, meaning they will continue to grow new leaves until they are frost-killed. In the late spring, leafy vegetables bolt (flower and send up seed stalks). Being cold tolerant plants, the more these plants are exposed to heat the more bitter in taste they become. In the late spring, when the plants are starting to bolt, remove them and plant a warm season crop like green beans, tomatoes, squash or peppers in their place. Leafy greens collards and kale (Brassica oleracea L.) belong to the same group as caulif lower, cabbages, broccoli, and kohlrabi. They are cold tolerant, and leaves are usually cooked before eating. Leafy greens can be direct seeded in the garden. Kale, collards, lettuce, and Swiss chard can also be grown and planted as transplants. The seeds can be started indoors at least four weeks before transplanting, which is usually mid- to late March and early April. As with any transplants, you will need to “harden” the plants by exposing them to the outdoor environment gradually, two to three days before transplanting. One of the leafy vegetables that really is a “superfood” is kale.

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(www.reneesgarden.com) offers new ones called Tuscan Baby Leaf, Russian “Wild Garden Frills,” Heirloom Lacinato, Triple-Curled, Darkibor and a Portuguese “Tronchuda Beira.” Burpee (www.burpee.com) offers a Dwarf Blue Curled Vates, a Red Winter Organic, and a Red Russian. I would recommend that you try a couple different kinds to see which ones you like. Go online and check out all the different vegetable seed companies and what they offer. Kale, as a “superfood,” has become so popular over the last couple of years there is now even a National Kale Day (www.nationalkaleday.org) the first Wednesday

Chemical analysis of this leafy vegetable shows that it is low in saturated fat, and very low in cholesterol. It is also a good source of dietary fiber, protein, thiamin, ribof lavin, folate, iron, magnesium and phosphorus, and a very good source of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin B6, calcium, potassium, copper and manganese. Kales are classified by leaf type. Types include plain-leaved, curlyleaved (Scots kale), rape kale, leaf and spear (a cross between curlyleaved and plain-leaved kale) and Cavolo nero (also known as black cabbage, Tuscan cabbage, Tuscan kale, Lacinato and dinosaur kale). Kale leaf colors range from light green through green, dark green and violet-green to violet-brown. Vegetable seed catalogs and seed racks in the garden center offer many different seed varieties within each of the types of kales. For example, Renee’s Garden

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Tidewater Gardening in October and ~ are you ready for this? ~ a book ~ 50 Shades of Kale, written by Drew Ramsey, M.D. Not to slight the other noble cool season vegetables, you can also plant lettuce and root crops like radishes, turnips, carrots, beets, parsnips, peas ~ both sugar and regular and, of course, white and red potatoes toward the end of the month. Do not add lime to the area for potatoes. The lower pH helps control scab. Don’t forget to plant your broccoli, cabbage and Brussels sprout transplants. Because we can get cold weather in late March and early April, I would have some fab-

Spring is the perfect time to plant strawberries in your garden. ric like Remay on hand to cover the plants on very cold nights. Plastic milk cartons with the bottoms cut out and placed over the transplants are also good protectors. March is strawberry planting time. Set out your strawberry

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high or too low. Remove all blossoms that appear during the first growing season. This promotes faster growth and increases next year’s yield. Soon after planting, mulch plants with clean straw, hay or pine shats, to help keep weeds down and hold moisture. Among the recommended cultivars for our area are Annapolis, Allstar, Cavendish, Earliglow and Lateglow. Day neutral cultivars include Tristar and Tribute. If you have an existing strawberry planting, don’t be in a rush to remove the mulch. Leave it over your plants to protect them from late cold spells and protect the fruit buds down in the

plants as soon as the ground is easily worked. Be sure to select a sunny location where the soil is well drained and rich in organic matter. Working compost or wellrotted manure into the soil before planting is an excellent way to prepare the soil for the strawberries. S e v e r a l d i f f e r e nt pl a nt i n g schemes can be used in the garden for the strawberry bed. Some people like to set the plants 18 to 24 inches apart, in rows that are four feet apart. Others set the plants equally distant in a bed and form a matted row planting. Whichever way you chose, be sure that the crowns of the plants are set at soil level. Some gardeners make the mistake of planting them too

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Tidewater Gardening plants. When the plants start to grow, the mulch must be removed to allow leaves to develop in the light. If leaves develop under the mulch, they will become etiolated (blanched) and yellow from lack of chlorophyll, and may burn and die when exposed to the sun. In the landscape, do not prune any spring flowering shrubs such as azaleas, spireas, lilacs and forsythia. You will be pruning out the flower buds. For crape myrtles, only remove the old flower heads. Do not cut back to the same spot each year, as it creates a weak joint and the branches can split and fall in the summer with the additional weight

If you prune your crape myrtle back to the same spot year after year, you end up with a deformedlooking tree that is prone to wind damage when in bloom. of heavy flower heads. Remove sprouts at the base of the tree. Now, before the leaves appear on deciduous trees and shrubs, is a good time to inspect for winter damage and prune damaged branches or stems. Also, remove any bagworm “Christmas ornaments� on your cedars and other narrow-leafed evergreens. This will reduce the population of this pest for this year. Each one of the bags contains 500 to 1,000 eggs that will hatch out later on this spring. Your spring f lower bulbs like tulips, narcissus, and hyacinths may have their leaves poking up

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Tidewater Gardening

succulent leaves. You do not need to try to protect them from freezing temperatures. Experience has shown that these newly emerging leaves are winter hardy, and there is little to worry about when you see them emerging in late winter and early spring. Since the f lower buds are still within the bulb in the ground, the bulbs will f lower normally, but probably slightly ahead of schedule. Happy Gardening!

Don’t worry about your daffodils, they will still flower!

Marc Teffeau was the Director of Research and Regulatory Affairs at the American Nursery and Landscape Association in Washington, D.C. He has now retired to Georgia with his wife, Linda.

through the ground, especially on the south and west sides of the house and landscape where they may have a little more protection. Don’t worry about these new soft

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Dorchester Points of Interest

Dorchester County is known as the Heart of the Chesapeake. It is rich in Chesapeake Bay history, folklore and tradition. With 1,700 miles of shoreline (more than any other Maryland county), marshlands, working boats, quaint waterfront towns and villages among fertile farm fields – much still exists of what is the authentic Eastern Shore landscape and traditional way of life along the Chesapeake. FREDERICK C. MALKUS MEMORIAL BRIDGE is the gateway to Dorchester County over the Choptank River. It is the second longest span 95


Dorchester Points of Interest bridge in Maryland after the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. A life-long resident of Dorchester County, Senator Malkus served in the Maryland State Senate from 1951 through 1994. Next to the Malkus Bridge is the 1933 Emerson C. Harrington Bridge. This bridge was replaced by the Malkus Bridge in 1987. Remains of the 1933 bridge are used as fishing piers on both the north and south bank of the river. LAGRANGE PLANTATION - Home of the Dorchester County Historical Society, LaGrange Plantation offers a range of local history and heritage on its grounds. The Meredith House, a 1760’s Georgian home, features artifacts and exhibits on the seven Maryland governors associated with the county; a child’s room containing antique dolls and toys; and other period displays. The Neild Museum houses a broad collection of agricultural, maritime, industrial, and Native American artifacts, including a McCormick reaper (invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1831). The Ron Rue exhibit pays tribute to a talented local decoy carver with a re-creation of his workshop. The Goldsborough Stable, circa 1790, includes a sulky, pony cart, horsedriven sleighs, and tools of the woodworker, wheelwright, and blacksmith. For more info. tel: 410-228-7953 or visit dorchesterhistory.org.

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DORCHESTER COUNTY VISITOR CENTER - The Visitors Center in Cambridge is a major entry point to the lower Eastern Shore, positioned just off U.S. Route 50 along the shore of the Choptank River. With its 100foot sail canopy, it’s also a landmark. In addition to travel information and exhibits on the heritage of the area, there’s also a large playground, garden, boardwalk, restrooms, vending machines, and more. The Visitors Center is open daily from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more information about Dorchester County call 800-522-8687 or visit www.tourdorchester.org or www.tourchesapeakecountry.com. SAILWINDS PARK - Located at 202 Byrn St., Cambridge, Sailwinds Park has been the site for popular events such as the Seafood Feast-I-Val in August, Crabtoberfest in October and the Grand National Waterfowl Hunt’s Grandtastic Jamboree in November. For more info. tel: 410-228SAIL(7245) or visit www.sailwindscambridge.com. CAMBRIDGE CREEK - a tributary of the Choptank River, runs through the heart of Cambridge. Located along the creek are restaurants where you can watch watermen dock their boats after a day’s work on the waterways of Dorchester. HISTORIC HIGH STREET IN CAMBRIDGE - When James Michener was doing research for his novel Chesapeake, he reportedly called

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Dorchester Points of Interest Cambridge’s High Street one of the most beautiful streets in America. He modeled his fictional city Patamoke after Cambridge. Many of the gracious homes on High Street date from the 1700s and 1800s. Today you can join a historic walking tour of High Street each Saturday at 11 a.m., April through October (weather permitting). For more info. tel: 410-901-1000. SKIPJACK NATHAN OF DORCHESTER - Sail aboard the authentic skipjack Nathan of Dorchester, offering heritage cruises on the Choptank River. The Nathan is docked at Long Wharf in Cambridge. Dredge for oysters and hear the stories of the working waterman’s way of life. For more info. and schedules tel: 410-228-7141 or visit www.skipjack-nathan.org. CHOPTANK RIVER LIGHTHOUSE REPLICA - Located at Long Wharf Park in Cambridge. The replica of a six-sided screwpile lighthouse was completed in fall 2012. The lighthouse includes a small museum, with exhibits about the original lighthouse’s history and the area’s maritime heritage. The original lighthouse once stood between Castle Haven and Benoni Points on the Choptank River, near the mouth of the Tred Avon River and was built in 1871. For more info. tel: 410-228-4031 or visit www. lighthousefriends.com. DORCHESTER CENTER FOR THE ARTS - Located at 321 High Street in Cambridge, the Center offers monthly gallery exhibits and shows, extensive art classes, and special events, as well as an artisans’ gift shop with an array of items created by local and regional artists. For more info. tel: 410-228-7782 or visit www.dorchesterarts.org. RICHARDSON MARITIME MUSEUM - Located at 401 High St., Cambridge, the Museum makes history come alive for visitors in the form of exquisite models of traditional Bay boats. The Museum also offers a collection of boatbuilders’ tools and watermen’s artifacts that convey an understanding of how the boats were constructed and the history of their use. The Museum’s Ruark Boatworks facility, located on Maryland Ave., is passing on the knowledge and skills of area boatwrights to volunteers and visitors alike. Watch boatbuilding and restoration in action. For more info. tel: 410-221-1871 or visit www.richardsonmuseum.org. HARRIET TUBMAN MUSEUM & EDUCATIONAL CENTER The Museum and Educational Center is developing programs to preserve the history and memory of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. The museum is open Tuesday through Saturday. Local tours by appointment are available. The Museum and Educational Center, located at 424 Race St., Cambridge, is one of the stops on the “Finding a Way to Freedom” 98


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Dorchester Points of Interest self-guided driving tour. For more info. tel: 410-228-0401 or visit www. harriettubmanorganization.org. SPOCOTT WINDMILL - Since 1972, Dorchester County has had a fully operating English style post windmill that was expertly crafted by the late master shipbuilder, James B. Richardson. There has been a succession of windmills at this location dating back to the late 1700’s. The complex also includes an 1800 tenant house, one-room school, blacksmith shop, and country store museum. The windmill is located at 1625 Hudson Rd., Cambridge. HORN POINT LABORATORY - The Horn Point Laboratory offers public tours of this world-class scientific research laboratory, which is affiliated with the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. The 90-minute walking tour shows how scientists are conducting research to restore the Chesapeake Bay. Horn Point Laboratory is located at 2020 Horns Point Rd., Cambridge, on the banks of the Choptank River. For more info. and tour schedule tel: 410-228-8200 or visit www.umces.edu/hpl. THE STANLEY INSTITUTE - This 19th century one-room African American schoolhouse, dating back to 1865, is one of the oldest Maryland

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schools to be organized and maintained by a black community. Between 1867 and 1962, the youth in the African-American community of Christ Rock attended this school, which is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Tours available by appointment. The Stanley Institute is located at the intersection of Route 16 West & Bayly Rd., Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-6657. OLD TRINITY CHURCH in Church Creek was built in the 17th century and perfectly restored in the 1950s. This tiny architectural gem continues to house an active congregation of the Episcopal Church. The old graveyard around the church contains the graves of the veterans of the American Revolution, the War of 1812, and the American Civil War. This part of the cemetery also includes the grave of Maryland’s Governor Carroll and his daughter Anna Ella Carroll who was an advisor to Abraham Lincoln. The date of the oldest burial is not known because the wooden markers common in the 17th century have disappeared. For more info. tel: 410-228-2940 or visit www.oldtrinity.net. BUCKTOWN VILLAGE STORE - Visit the site where Harriet Tubman received a blow to her head that fractured her skull. From this injury Harriet believed God gave her the vision and directions that inspired her to guide so many to freedom. Artifacts include the actual newspaper ad offering a

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Dorchester Points of Interest reward for Harriet’s capture. Historical tours, bicycle, canoe and kayak rentals are available. Open upon request. The Bucktown Village Store is located at 4303 Bucktown Rd., Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-901-9255. HARRIET TUBMAN BIRTHPLACE - “The Moses of her People,” Harriet Tubman was believed to have been born on the Brodess Plantation in Bucktown. There are no Tubman-era buildings remaining at the site, which today is a farm. Recent archeological work at this site has been inconclusive, and the investigation is continuing, although there is some evidence that points to Madison as a possible birthplace. BLACKWATER NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE - Located 12 miles south of Cambridge at 2145 Key Wallace Dr. With more than 25,000 acres of tidal marshland, it is an important stop along the Atlantic Flyway. Blackwater is currently home to the largest remaining natural population of endangered Delmarva fox squirrels and the largest breeding population of American bald eagles on the East Coast, north of Florida. There is a full service Visitor Center and a four-mile Wildlife Drive, walking trails and water trails. For more info. tel: 410-228-2677 or visit www.fws.gov/blackwater. EAST NEW MARKET - Originally settled in 1660, the entire town is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Follow a self-guided walking tour to see the district that contains almost all the residences of the original founders and offers excellent examples of colonial architecture. For more info. visit http://eastnewmarket.us. HURLOCK TRAIN STATION - Incorporated in 1892, Hurlock ranks as the second largest town in Dorchester County. It began from a Dorchester/Delaware Railroad station built in 1867. The Old Train Station has been restored and is host to occasional train excursions. For more info. tel: 410-943-4181. VIENNA HERITAGE MUSEUM - The Vienna Heritage Museum displays the Elliott Island Shell Button Factory operation. This was the last surviving mother-of-pearl button manufacturer in the United States. Numerous artifacts are also displayed which depict a view of the past life in this rural community. The Vienna Heritage Museum is located at 303 Race St., Vienna. For more info. tel: 410-943-1212 or visit www.viennamd.org. LAYTON’S CHANCE VINEYARD & WINERY - This small farm winery, minutes from historic Vienna at 4225 New Bridge Rd., opened in 2010 as Dorchester County’s first winery. For more info. tel. 410-228-1205 or visit www.laytonschance.com. 102


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Easton Points of Interest Historic Downtown Easton is the county seat of Talbot County. Established around early religious settlements and a court of law, today the historic district of Easton is a centerpiece of fine specialty shops, business and cultural activities, unique restaurants and architectural fascination. Tree-lined streets are graced with various period structures and remarkable homes, carefully preser ved or restored. Because of its historical significance, Easton has earned distinction as the “Colonial Capital of the Eastern Shore” and was honored as #8 in the book, “The 100 Best Small Towns in America.” Walking Tour of Downtown Easton Start near the corner of Harrison Street and Mill Place. 1. HISTORIC TIDEWATER INN - 101 E. Dover St. A completely modern hotel built in 1949, it was enlarged in 1953 and has recently undergone extensive renovations. It is the “Pride of the Eastern Shore.” 2. THE BULLITT HOUSE - 108 E. Dover St. One of Easton’s oldest and most beautiful homes, it was built in 1801. It is now occupied by the Mid-Shore Community Foundation. 3. AVALON THEATRE - 42 E. Dover St. Constructed in 1921 during the heyday of silent films and vaudeville entertainment. Over the course of its history, it has been the scene of three world premiers, including “The First Kiss,” starring Fay Wray and Gary Cooper, in 1928. The theater has gone through two major restorations: the first in 1936, when it was refinished in an art deco theme by the Schine Theater chain, and again 52 years later, when it was converted to a performing arts and community center. For more info. tel: 410-822-0345 or visit www. avalontheatre.com. 4. TALBOT COUNTY VISITORS CENTER - 11 S. Harrison St. The Office of Tourism provides visitors with county information for historic Easton and the waterfront villages of Oxford, St. Michaels and Tilghman Island. For more info. tel: 410-770-8000 or visit www.tourtalbot.org. 5. BARTLETT PEAR INN - 28 S. Harrison St. Significant for its architecture, it was built by Benjamin Stevens in 1790 and is one of Easton’s earliest three-bay brick buildings. The home was “modernized” with Victorian bay windows on the right side in the 1890s. 105


Easton Points of Interest 6. WATERFOWL BUILDING - 40 S. Harrison St. The old armory is now the headquarters of the Waterfowl Festival, Easton’s annual celebration of migratory birds and the hunting season, the second weekend in November. For more info. tel: 410-822-4567 or visit www. waterfowlfestival.org. 7. ACADEMY ART MUSEUM - 106 South St. Accredited by the American Alliance of Museums, the Academy Art Museum is a fine art museum founded in 1958. Providing national and regional exhibitions, performances, educational programs, and visual and performing arts classes for adults and children, the Museum also offers a vibrant concert and lecture series and an annual craft festival, CR AFT SHOW (the Eastern Shore’s largest juried fine craft show), featuring local and national artists and artisans demonstrating, exhibiting and selling their crafts. The Museum’s permanent collection consists of works on paper and contemporary works by American and European masters. Mon. through Thurs. 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Friday, Saturday, Sunday 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. First Friday of each month open until 7 p.m. For more info. tel: (410) 822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org.

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Easton Points of Interest 8. CHRIST CHURCH - St. Peter’s Parish, 111 South Harrison St. The Parish was founded in 1692 with the present church built ca. 1840, of Port Deposit granite. 9. TALBOT HISTORICAL SOCIET Y - Located in the heart of Easton’s historic district. Enjoy an evocative portrait of everyday life during earlier times when visiting the c. 18th and 19th century historic houses, all of which surround a Federal-style garden. For more info. tel: 410-822-0773 or visit www.hstc.org. Tharpe Antiques and Decorative Arts is now located at 25 S. Washington St. Consignments accepted by appointment, please call 410-820-7525. Proceeds support the Talbot Historical Society. 10. ODD FELLOWS LODGE - At the corner of Washington and Dover streets stands a building with secrets. It was constructed in 1879 as the meeting hall for the Odd Fellows. Carved into the stone and placed into the stained glass are images and symbols that have meaning only for members. See if you can find the dove, linked rings and other symbols. 11. TALBOT COUNTY COURTHOUSE - Long known as the “East Capital” of Maryland. The present building was completed in 1794 on the

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Easton Points of Interest site of the earlier one built in 1711. It has been remodeled several times. 11A. FREDERICK DOUGLASS STATUE - 11 N. Washington St. on the lawn of the Talbot County Courthouse. The statue honors Frederick Douglass in his birthplace, Talbot County, where the experiences in his youth ~ both positive and negative ~ helped form his character, intellect and determination. Also on the grounds is a memorial to the veterans who fought and died in the Vietnam War, and a monument “To the Talbot Boys,” commemorating the men from Talbot who fought for the Confederacy. The memorial for the Union soldiers was never built. 12. SHANNAHAN & WRIGHTSON HARDWARE BUILDING 12 N. Washington St. It is the oldest store in Easton. In 1791, Owen Kennard began work on a new brick building that changed hands several times throughout the years. Dates on the building show when additions were made in 1877, 1881 and 1889. The present front was completed in time for a grand opening on Dec. 7, 1941 - Pearl Harbor Day. 13. THE BRICK HOTEL - northwest corner of Washington and Federal streets. Built in 1812, it became the Eastern Shore’s leading hostelry. When court was in session, plaintiffs, defendants and lawyers

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all came to town and shared rooms in hotels such as this. Frederick Douglass stayed in the Brick Hotel when he came back after the Civil War and gave a speech in the courthouse. It is now an office building. 14. THOMAS PERRIN SMITH HOUSE - 119 N. Washington St. Built in 1803, it was the early home of the newspaper from which the Star-Democrat grew. In 1911, the building was acquired by the Chesapeake Bay Yacht Club, which occupies it today. 15. ART DECO STORES - 13-25 Goldsborough Street. Although much of Easton looks Colonial or Victorian, the 20th century had its influences as well. This row of stores has distinctive 1920s-era white trim at the roofline. It is rumored that there was a speakeasy here during Prohibition. 16. FIRST MASONIC GR AND LODGE - 23 N. Harrison Street. The records of Coats Lodge of Masons in Easton show that five Masonic Lodges met in Talbot Court House (as Easton was then called) on July 31, 1783 to form the first Grand Lodge of Masons in Maryland. Although the building where they first met is gone, a plaque marks the spot today. This completes your walking tour. 17. FOXLEY HALL - 24 N. Aurora St., Built about 1795, Foxley Hall is one of the best-known of Easton’s Federal dwellings. Former home of

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Easton Points of Interest Oswald Tilghman, great-grandson of Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman. (Private) 18. TRINITY EPISCOPAL CATHEDR AL - On “Cathedral Green,” Goldsborough St., a traditional Gothic design in granite. The interior is well worth a visit. All windows are stained glass, picturing New Testament scenes, and the altar cross of Greek type is unique. 19. INN AT 202 DOVER - Built in 1874, this Victorian-era mansion ref lects many architectural styles. For years the building was known as the Wrightson House, thanks to its early 20th century owner, Charles T. Wrightson, one of the founders of the S. & W. canned food empire. Locally it is still referred to as Captain’s Watch due to its prominent balustraded widow’s walk. The Inn’s renovation in 2006 was acknowledged by the Maryland Historic Trust and the U.S. Dept. of the Interior. 20. TALBOT COUNTY FREE LIBRARY - Housed in an attractively remodeled building on West Street, the hours of operation are Mon. and Thurs., 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., Tues. and Wed. 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and Fri. and Sat., 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., except during the summer when it’s 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Saturday. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit www.tcf l.org. 21. MEMORIAL HOSPITAL AT EASTON - Established in the early

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1900s, now one of the finest hospitals on the Eastern Shore. Memorial Hospital is part of the Shore Health System. www.shorehealth.org. 22. THIRD HAVEN MEETING HOUSE - Built in 1682 and the oldest frame building dedicated to religious meetings in America. The Meeting House was built at the headwaters of the Tred Avon: people came by boat to attend. William Penn preached there with Lord Baltimore present. Extensive renovations were completed in 1990. 23. TALBOT COMMUNITY CENTER - The year-round activities offered at the community center range from ice hockey to figure skating, aerobics and curling. The Center is also host to many events throughout the year, such as antique, craft, boating and sportsman shows. Near Easton 24. PICKERING CREEK - 400-acre farm and science education center featuring 100 acres of forest, a mile of shoreline, nature trails, low-ropes challenge course and canoe launch. Trails are open seven days a week from dawn till dusk. Canoes are free for members. For more info. tel: 410-822-4903 or visit www.pickeringcreek.org. 25. W YE GRIST MILL - The oldest working mill in Maryland (ca. 1682), the f lour-producing “grist” mill has been lovingly preserved by

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Easton Points of Interest The Friends of Wye Mill, and grinds f lour to this day using two massive grindstones powered by a 26 horsepower overshot waterwheel. For more info. visit www.oldwyemill.org. 26. W YE ISL A ND NATUR AL RESOURCE MA NAGEMENT AREA - Located between the Wye River and the Wye East River, the area provides habitat for waterfowl and native wildlife. There are 6 miles of trails that provide opportunities for hiking, birding and wildlife viewing. For more info. visit www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/eastern/wyeisland.asp. 27. OLD WYE CHURCH - Old Wye Church is one of the oldest active Anglican Communion parishes in Talbot County. Wye Chapel was built between 1718 and 1721 and opened for worship on October 18, 1721. For more info. visit www.wyeparish.org. 28. WHITE MARSH CHURCH - The original structure was built before 1690. Early 18th century rector was the Reverend Daniel Maynadier. A later provincial rector (1764–1768), the Reverend Thomas Bacon, compiled “Bacon’s Laws,” authoritative compendium of Colonial Statutes. Robert Morris, Sr., father of Revolutionary financier is buried here.

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St. Michaels Points of Interest Dodson Ave.

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On the broad Miles River, with its picturesque tree-lined streets and beautiful harbor, St. Michaels has been a haven for boats plying the Chesapeake and its inlets since the earliest days. Here, some of the handsomest models of the Bay craft, such as canoes, bugeyes, pungys and some famous Baltimore Clippers, were designed and built. The Church, named “St. Michael’s,” was the first building erected (about 1677) and around it clustered the town that took its name. 1. WADES POINT INN - Located on a point of land overlooking majestic Chesapeake Bay, this historic inn has been welcoming guests for over 100 years. Thomas Kemp, builder of the original “Pride of Baltimore,” built the main house in 1819. For more info. visit www.wadespoint.com. 117


St. Michaels Points of Interest 2. HARBOURTOWNE GOLF RESORT - Bay View Restaurant and Duckblind Bar on the scenic Miles River with an 18 hole golf course. For more info. visit www.harbourtowne.com. 3. MILES RIVER YACHT CLUB - Organized in 1920, the Miles River Yacht Club continues its dedication to boating on our waters and the protection of the heritage of log canoes, the oldest class of boat still sailing U. S. waters. The MRYC has been instrumental in preserving the log canoe and its rich history on the Chesapeake Bay. For more info. visit www.milesriveryc.org. 4. THE INN AT PERRY CABIN - The original building was constructed in the early 19th century by Samuel Hambleton, a purser in the United States Navy during the War of 1812. It was named for his friend, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry. Perry Cabin has served as a riding academy and was restored in 1980 as an inn and restaurant. For more info. visit www.perrycabin.com. 5. THE PARSONAGE INN - A bed and breakfast inn at 210 N. Talbot St., was built by Henry Clay Dodson, a prominent St. Michaels businessman and state legislator around 1883 as his private residence. In 1877, Dodson,

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St. Michaels Points of Interest along with Joseph White, established the St. Michaels Brick Company, which later provided the brick for the house. For more info. visit www. parsonage-inn.com. 6. FREDERICK DOUGLASS HISTORIC MARKER - Born at Tuckahoe Creek, Talbot County, Douglass lived as a slave in the St. Michaels area from 1833 to 1836. He taught himself to read and taught in clandestine schools for blacks here. He escaped to the north and became a noted abolitionist, orator and editor. He returned in 1877 as a U.S. Marshal for the District of Columbia and also served as the D.C. Recorder of Deeds and the U.S. Minister to Haiti. 7. CHESAPEAKE BAY MARITIME MUSEUM - Founded in 1965, the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum is dedicated to preserving the rich heritage of the hemisphere’s largest and most productive estuary - the Chesapeake Bay. Located on 18 waterfront acres, its nine exhibit buildings and floating fleet bring to life the story of the Bay and its inhabitants, from the fully restored 1879 Hooper Strait lighthouse and working boatyard to the impressive collection of working decoys and a recreated waterman’s shanty. Home to the world’s largest collection of Bay boats, the Museum regularly hosts temporary exhibitions, special events, festivals, and education programs. Docking and pump-out facilities available. Exhibitions and Museum Store open year-round. Up-to-date information and hours can be found on the Museum’s website at www.cbmm.org or by calling 410-745-2916. 8. THE CRAB CLAW - Restaurant adjoining the Maritime Museum and overlooking St. Michaels harbor. Open March-November. 410-7452900 or www.thecrabclaw.com. 9. PATRIOT - During the season (April-November) the 65’ cruise boat can carry 150 persons, runs daily historic narrated cruises along the Miles River. For daily cruise times, visit www.patriotcruises.com or call 410-745-3100. 10. THE FOOTBRIDGE - Built on the site of many earlier bridges, today’s bridge joins Navy Point to Cherry Street. It has been variously known as “Honeymoon Bridge” and “Sweetheart Bridge.” It is the only remaining bridge of three that at one time connected the town with outlying areas around the harbor. 11. VICTORIANA INN - The Victoriana Inn is located in the Historic District of St. Michaels. The home was built in 1873 by Dr. Clay Dodson, a druggist, and occupied as his private residence and office. In 1910 the property, then known as “Willow Cottage,” underwent alterations when 120


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St. Michaels Points of Interest acquired by the Shannahan family who continued it as a private residence for over 75 years. As a bed and breakfast, circa 1988, major renovations took place, preserving the historic character of the gracious Victorian era. For more info. visit www.victorianainn.com. 12. HAMBLETON INN - On the harbor. Historic waterfront home built in 1860 and restored as a bed and breakfast in 1985 with a turn-ofthe-century atmosphere. For more info. visit www.hambletoninn.com. 13. SNUGGERY B&B - Oldest residence in St. Michaels, c. 1665. The structure incorporates the remains of a log home that was originally built on the beach and later moved to its present location. www.snuggery1665.com. 14. LOCUST STREET - A stroll down Locust Street is a look into the past of St. Michaels. The Haddaway House at 103 Locust St. was built by Thomas L. Haddaway in the late 1700s. Haddaway owned and operated the shipyard at the foot of the street. Wickersham, at 203 Locust Street, was built in 1750 and was moved to its present location in 2004. It is known for its glazed brickwork. Hell’s Crossing is the intersection of Locust and Carpenter streets and is so-named because in the late 1700’s, the town was described as a rowdy one, in keeping with a port town where sailors

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would come for a little excitement. They found it in town, where there were saloons and working-class townsfolk ready to do business with them. Fights were common especially in an area of town called Hells Crossing. At the end of Locust Street is Muskrat Park. It provides a grassy spot on the harbor for free summer concerts and is home to the two cannons that are replicas of the ones given to the town by Jacob Gibson in 1813 and confiscated by Federal troops at the beginning of the Civil War. 15. FREEDOMS FRIEND LODGE - Chartered in 1867 and constructed in 1883, the Freedoms Friend Lodge is the oldest lodge existing in Maryland and is a prominent historic site for our Black community. It is now the site of Blue Crab Coffee Company. 16. TALBOT COUNTY FREE LIBRARY - St. Michaels Branch is located at 106 S. Fremont Street. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit www.tcfl.org. 17. CARPENTER STREET SALOON - Life in the Colonial community revolved around the tavern. The traveler could, of course, obtain food, drink, lodging or even a fresh horse to speed his journey. This tavern was built in 1874 and has served the community as a bank, a newspaper office, post office and telephone company. For more info. visit www. carpenterstreetsaloon.com.

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St. Michaels Points of Interest 18. TWO SWAN INN - The Two Swan Inn on the harbor served as the former site of the Miles River Yacht Club, was built in the 1800s and was renovated in 1984. It is located at the foot of Carpenter Street. For more info. visit www.twoswaninn.com. 19. TARR HOUSE - Built by Edward Elliott as his plantation home about 1661. It was Elliott and an indentured servant, Darby Coghorn, who built the first church in St. Michaels. This was about 1677, on the site of the present Episcopal Church (6 Willow Street, near Locust). 20. CHRIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH - 301 S. Talbot St. Built of Port Deposit stone, the present church was erected in 1878. The first is believed to have been built in 1677 by Edward Elliott. For more info. tel: 410-745-9076. 21. THE OLD BRICK INN - Built in 1817 by Wrightson Jones, who opened and operated the shipyard at Beverly on Broad Creek. (Talbot St. at Mulberry). For more info. visit www.oldbrickinn.com. 22. THE CANNONBALL HOUSE - When St. Michaels was shelled by the British in a night attack in 1813, the town was “blacked out” and lanterns were hung in the trees to lead the attackers to believe the town was on a high bluff. The houses were overshot. The story is that a can-

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St. Michaels Points of Interest nonball hit the chimney of “Cannonball House” and rolled down the stairway. This “blackout” was believed to be the first such “blackout” in the history of warfare. 23. AMELIA WELBY HOUSE - Amelia Coppuck, who became Amelia Welby, was born in this house and wrote poems that won her fame and the praise of Edgar Allan Poe. 24. TOWN DOCK RESTAUR ANT - During 1813, at the time of the Battle of St. Michaels, it was known as “Dawson’s Wharf” and had 2 cannons on carriages donated by Jacob Gibson, which fired 10 of the 15 rounds directed at the British. For a period up to the early 1950s it was called “The Longfellow Inn.” It was rebuilt in 1977 after burning to the ground. For more info. visit www.towndockrestaurant.com. 25. ST. MICHAELS MUSEUM at ST. MARY’S SQUARE - Located in the heart of the historic district, offers a unique view of 19th century life in St. Michaels. The exhibits are housed in three period buildings and contain local furniture and artifacts donated by residents. The museum is supported entirely through community efforts. For more info. tel: 410745-9561 or www.stmichaelsmuseum.org.

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St. Michaels Points of Interest 26. KEMP HOUSE - Now a country inn. A Georgian style house, constructed in 1805 by Colonel Joseph Kemp, a revolutionary soldier and hero of the War of 1812. For more info. visit www.kemphouseinn.com. 27. THE OLD MILL COMPLEX - The Old Mill was a functioning flour mill from the late 1800s until the 1970s, producing flour used primarily for Maryland beaten biscuits. Today it is home to a brewery, distillery, artists, furniture makers, and other unique shops and businesses. 28. ST. MICHAELS HARBOUR INN, MARINA & SPA - Constructed in 1986 and recently renovated. For more info. visit www. harbourinn.com. 29. ST. MICHAELS NATURE TRAIL - The St. Michaels Nature Trail is a 1.3 mile paved walkway that winds around the western side of St. Michaels starting at a dedicated parking lot on S. Talbot St. across from the Bay Hundred swimming pool. The path cuts through the woods, San Domingo Park, over a covered bridge and past a historic cemetery before ending in Bradley Park. The trail is open all year from dawn to dusk.

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Oxford Points of Interest Oxford is one of the oldest towns in Maryland. Although already settled for perhaps 20 years, Oxford marks the year 1683 as its official founding, for in that year Oxford was first named by the Maryland General Assembly as a seaport and was laid out as a town. In 1694, Oxford and a new town called Anne Arundel (now Annapolis) were selected the only ports of entry for the entire Maryland province. Until the American Revolution, Oxford enjoyed prominence as an international shipping center surrounded by wealthy tobacco plantations. Today, Oxford is a charming tree-lined and waterbound village with a population of just over 700 and is still important in boat building and yachting. It has a protected harbor for watermen who harvest oysters, crabs, clams and fish, and for sailors from all over the Bay. 1. TENCH TILGHMAN MONUMENT - In the Oxford Cemetery the Revolutionary War hero’s body lies along with that of his widow. Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman carried the message of Cornwallis’ surrender from Yorktown,

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Oxford Points of Interest VA, to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Across the cove from the cemetery may be seen Plimhimmon, home of Tench Tilghman’s widow, Anna Marie Tilghman. 2. THE OXFORD COMMUNITY CENTER - This former, pillared brick schoolhouse was saved from the wrecking ball by the town residents. Now it is a gathering place for meetings, classes, lectures, and performances by the Tred Avon Players and has been recently renovated. Rentals available to groups and individuals. 410-226-5904 or www.oxfordcc.org. 3. THE COOPERATIVE OXFORD LABORATORY - U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Maryland Department of Natural Resources located here. 410-226-5193 or www.dnr.state.md.us/fisheries/oxford. 3A. U.S. COAST GUARD STATION - 410-226-0580. 4. CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY - Founded in 1851. Designed by esteemed British architect Richard Upton, co-founder of the American Institute of Architects. It features beautiful stained glass windows by the acclaimed Willet Studios of Philadelphia. www.holytrinityoxfordmd.org.

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5. OXFORD TOWN PARK - Former site of the Oxford High School. Recent restoration of the beach as part of a “living shoreline project” created 2 terraced sitting walls, a protective groin and a sandy beach with native grasses which will stop further erosion and provide valuable aquatic habitat. A similar project has been completed adjacent to the ferry dock. A kayak launch site has also been located near the ferry dock. 6. OXFORD MUSEUM - Morris & Market Sts. Devoted to the preservation of artifacts and memories of Oxford, MD. Admission is free; donations gratefully accepted. For more info. and hours tel: 410-226-0191 or visit www.oxfordmuseum.org. 7. OXFORD LIBRARY - 101 Market St. Founded in 1939 and on its present site since 1950. Hours are Mon.-Sat., 10-4. 8. BRATT MANSION (ACADEMY HOUSE) - 205 N. Morris St. Served as quarters for officers of the Maryland Military Academy. Built about 1848. (Private residence) 9. BARNABY HOUSE - 212 N. Morris St. Built in 1770 by sea captain Richard Barnaby, this charming house contains original pine woodwork, corner fireplaces and an unusually lovely handmade staircase. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. (Private residence) Tidewater Residential Designs since 1989

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Oxford Points of Interest 10. THE GRAPEVINE HOUSE - 309 N. Morris St. The grapevine over the entrance arbor was brought from the Isle of Jersey in 1810 by Captain William Willis, who commanded the brig “Sarah and Louisa.” (Private residence) 11. THE ROBERT MORRIS INN - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Robert Morris was the father of Robert Morris, Jr., the “financier of the Revolution.” Built about 1710, part of the original house with a beautiful staircase is contained in the beautifully restored Inn, now open 7 days a week. Robert Morris, Jr. was one of only 2 Founding Fathers to sign the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution. 410-226-5111 or www.robertmorrisinn.com. 12. THE OXFORD CUSTOM HOUSE - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Built in 1976 as Oxford’s official Bicentennial project. It is a replica of the first Federal Custom House built by Jeremiah Banning, who was the first Federal Collector of Customs appointed by George Washington. 13. TRED AVON YACHT CLUB - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Founded in 1931. The present building, completed in 1991, replaced the original structure.

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Oxford Points of Interest 14. OXFORD-BELLEVUE FERRY - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Started in 1683, this is believed to be the oldest privately operated ferry in the United States. Its first keeper was Richard Royston, whom the Talbot County Court “pitcht upon” to run a ferry at an unusual subsidy of 2,500 pounds of tobacco. Service has been continuous since 1836, with power supplied by sail, sculling, rowing, steam, and modern diesel engine. Many now take the ride between Oxford and Bellevue for the scenic beauty. 15. BYEBERRY - On the grounds of Cutts & Case Boatyard. It faces Town Creek and is one of the oldest houses in the area. The date of construction is unknown, but it was standing in 1695. Originally, it was in the main business section but was moved to the present location about 1930. (Private residence) 16. CUTTS & CASE - 306 Tilghman St. World-renowned boatyard for classic yacht design, wooden boat construction and restoration using composite structures. Some have described Cutts & Case Shipyard as an American Nautical Treasure because it produces to the highest standards quality work equal to and in many ways surpassing the beautiful artisanship of former times.

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Tilghman’s Island “Great Choptank Island” was granted to Seth Foster in 1659. Thereafter it was known as Foster’s Island, and remained so through a succession of owners until Matthew Tilghman of Claiborne inherited it in 1741. He and his heirs owned the island for over a century and it has been Tilghman’s Island ever since, though the northern village and the island’s postal designation are simply “Tilghman.” For its first 175 years, the island was a family farm, supplying grains, vegetables, fruit, cattle, pigs and timber. Although the owners rarely were in residence, many slaves were: an 1817 inventory listed 104. The last Tilghman owner, General Tench Tilghman (not Washington’s aide-de-camp), removed the slaves in the 1830s and began selling off lots. In 1849, he sold his remaining interests to James Seth, who continued the development. The island’s central location in the middle Bay is ideally suited for watermen harvesting the Bay in all seasons. The years before the Civil War saw the influx of the first families we know today. A second wave arrived after the War, attracted by the advent of oyster dredging in the 1870s. Hundreds of dredgers and tongers operated out of Tilghman’s Island, their catches sent to the cities by schooners. Boat building, too, was an important industry. The boom continued into the 1890s, spurred by the arrival of steamboat service, which opened vast new markets for Bay seafood. Islanders quickly capitalized on the opportunity as several seafood buyers set up shucking and canning operations on pilings at the edge of the shoal of Dogwood Cove. The discarded oyster shells eventually became an island with seafood packing houses, hundreds of workers, a store, and even a post office. The steamboats also brought visitors who came to hunt, fish, relax and escape the summer heat of the cities. Some families stayed all summer in one of the guest houses that sprang up in the villages of Tilghman, Avalon, Fairbank and Bar Neck. Although known for their independence, Tilghman’s Islanders enjoy showing visitors how to pick a crab, shuck an oyster or find a good fishing spot. In the twentieth century, Islanders pursued these vocations in farming, on the water, and in the thriving seafood processing industry. The “Tilghman Brand” was known throughout the eastern United States, but as the Bay’s bounty diminished, so did the number of water-related jobs. Still, three of the few remaining Bay skipjacks (sailing dredgeboats) can be seen here, as well as two working harbors with scores of power workboats. 139


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The Chamberlaines by Gary D. Crawford

Three hundred years ago, two young Englishmen came ashore at the Port of Oxford in the colony of Maryland. John Chamberlaine was 24; his brother Samuel was just 17. They had come from England in their father’s ship to seek their fortunes in America. The Chamberlaines prospered, and their story sheds some light on our early history that I hope you may find of interest. Moreover, if you stay with me on this, I have a nice surprise for you a bit later. Three centuries is a long way back, however, and the scene may seem a bit blurry. Some of you may be so well versed in our state’s colonial history that the year 1714 means something to you. To me, it was more legendary than real. To get any sense of these two guys, I needed to jump back three centuries ~ and you need to come with me. Ready? To get some idea of what was going on around here in those days, here’s a little trick that helps me. I imagine 1714 as being 2014, so an event that occurred in 1703 is just eleven years back ~ like Hurricane Isabel. If we reckon events against our own time line, then in 1714 the Maryland colony is “now” 80 years old. The Calverts arrived back “in the ’30s,” a time as distant to folks

Thomas Chamberlaine in 1714 as FDR’s first term is to us today ~ beyond living memory, but not quite out of reach for some of the older folks. For its first twenty years, the Maryland colony struggled mightily against three forces: a rival claimant here in America (a Virginian named Claiborne), resistance from those being dispossessed (the native Americans), and a wildly shifting political landscape back in England (Oliver Cromwell, etc.). By the middle ’50s (think Eisenhower), however, the Calverts had turned the corner on all three problems

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The Chamberlaines and new settlers began streaming into the little colony: free men and women, servants, indentured servants, and (increasingly) African slaves. On our side of the Bay, settlement flowed eastward from Kent Island onto the mainland and up the various rivers. Talbot and Dorchester counties were founded in the ’60s. For two generations (50 years) the Maryland colony had enjoyed steady growth, with some ups and downs. Everyone was relieved that the witch hysteria up north was over; folks in Salem, MA, had executed 20 of their neighbors back in ’92. Massachusetts went bonkers again eight years later when they gave Catholic priests just three months to clear out or be imprisoned for life ~ or executed. New York apparently liked the sound of that and followed suit. Down here on the Bay, the Calvert family maintained a delicate balance of religious tolerance between Anglicans, Catholics, a few Puritans on the western shore, Quakers, and the new populist movement, the Methodists. The new century opened with some tragic news. Young William, only living child of Anne Stuart, was dead at the age of 11, ending the Stuart line. His loss devastated poor Anne. She had tried so desperately, breaking her own health, enduring seventeen (!) pregnancies. Twelve ended in miscarriages or stillbirths;

Samuel Chamberlaine five children were born, but four died in infancy. William had been their great hope. (Oh, how richly Anne deserved having such a beautiful county in Maryland named in her honor.) In 1702, upon the death of King William, Anne became queen of England, Ireland and Scotland. So now we’re back in 1714. The Maryland colony was at about the mid-point of its 142-year life, from its beginning in 1634 to its ending in 1776 with the Declaration of Independence. In August, Queen Anne died after ruling for twelve years, and a distant second cousin, Georg Ludwig of Hanover, came to the throne as King George I. Also in 1714, young John Chamberlaine

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The Chamberlaines of Saughall in Cheshire married Margaret Clay, a Yorkshire girl; she presented him with a son that same year, the first of three children. And, as we already know, this was the year that John and his younger brother Sam made their first trip to America. Although the Chamberlaines were taking their first steps in the New World, the young men were already known in the little town. Their father, Thomas, had been involved in trade with Oxford for some time. The town had a great harbor and a special significance: Lord Baltimore had designated Oxford as one of Maryland’s two ports of entry, where import duties were collected for the

Lord Proprietor. (The other was Ann Arundel, later known as Annapolis; there was no Baltimore as yet.) Thomas was engaged with several partners, here and in Liverpool, and had begun to create a small fleet of ships. He had the Elizabeth built near Oxford on what is now Trippe’s Creek, a substantial vessel with a crew of 96 men and carrying 24 guns; he paid 800 pounds of tobacco for her. Over the next decade, his sons made several trips to America. John, the eldest of eight children, was married with a growing family, the heir to the ancestral home of Saughall, and successor to the family business. So far as I can discover, his wife or children never accompanied him to America.

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The Chamberlaines

Mary Ungle Chamberlaine Sam’s situation, however, was quite different. As the second son (after the death of an older brother in 1707), Sam recognized that his fortunes would depend upon his own exertions. His career options were limited, as many professions open to such a young man in England were not available here. Lacking universities and academies, there was no good way to prepare for a career in medicine, law, or even the church. In Maryland of 1714, the money was in the land ~ what could be grown upon it and sold or ,better yet, exported. That product was primarily tobacco, and Sam understood that his future depended on acquiring land and people to work it. These gentlemen called themselves

“planters” rather than farmers, but the game was still agriculture. Now that we’ve arrived at 1714, let’s follow Sam’s career, for a bit, at least. (Pity we can’t see what happened beyond 2014….) One good way to move up the ladder was to join established firms and enter into partnerships. He did so. Another was to marry well, and Sam was a promising lad from a good family. An Oxford girl, Mary, caught his eye, the only child of Robert and Frances Ungle. Her father, known locally as “The Squire,” had a large property called Plain Dealing, on the creek across from Oxford that now bears that name. Squire Ungle was also the Deputy Naval Officer, the official collector of port revenues for the Lord Proprietor. Mary accepted Sam’s proposal, and in 1721 they married. He took her and her mother off to England to meet his family at Saughall. There they admired a portrait of Sam’s father, Thomas, which he gave to them. One who saw this portrait noted that it showed a physical “peculiarity” that marked the family, namely “the little fingers together diverge at an angle very distinctive,” unlike anyone outside the family. One wonders what that looked like, exactly. Sam also sat for a portrait, probably the one I have presented here. They had a portrait done of Mary, too, beginning a Chamberlaine tradition of family portraiture. Mrs. Ungle was impressed with

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Sam and his family, despite their funny fingers, and with good reason, for the Chamberlaine name goes back a long way. A chamberlain, from the French word chambre (room), is essentially the chief financial officer for a royal household; the term is now nearly synonymous with treasurer. In the 12th century, a certain Richard de Tancarville served as chamberlain to King Stephen of England, the grandson of William the Conqueror. Richard took his title as his surname, a common practice. Think of all the people named Harper, Miller, Gardner, Forester, Mason, and so on. (Some surnames are less obvious: a fletcher is the guy who puts feathers on arrows; a palmer is a pilgrim, because in the

days before selfies they had to bring back fronds from the Holy Land to prove they’d been there.) When and why the Chamberlaine family tacked on the silent “e” is unclear, but their descendents are quite adamant about it. For a variety of reasons, Frances Ungle became very attached to her son-in-law. As things were to turn out, it was well she did. Fortunately, the feeling was mutual. Returning to America in 1723 (with their three portraits), Sam and Mary took up residence in Oxford. We hope they had some happy years together. Those who saw Mary’s portrait in later years said her face “still beams upon us from the canvas.” Another described her as

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The Chamberlaines

Robins Chamberlaine with his maternal grandmother Henrietta Maria Robins Goldsborough. “a beautiful woman, of slight figure.” The following year, Sam’s brother John died suddenly, while on business in Virginia. He was just 31 and the Chamberlaine heir. He was replaced not by Sam, of course, but by John’s 10-year-old son. When old Mr. Thomas passed away many years later at the fine old age of 99, Saughall and all went to his grandson. Sam had lost his brother and a business partner. He was now the oldest of his generation, but he was firmly planted in America; he never returned to England. Unfortunately, more darkness lay just ahead, for Mary’s health was declining and,

after five years of marriage, she was gone. There were no children. Sam and the Ungles were stunned. Indeed, Squire Ungle may never have recovered fully from Mary’s death, for just a year later, in 1727, he fell over the balcony at Plain Dealing and died when he hit the floor below. (A ghost story arose from this incident, but there’s no room for that here.) Sam succeeded his father-in-law as Deputy Naval Officer of Pokomoke and Oxford and was Collector of Port Oxford. Ungle’s death presented a serious legal problem for his widow. Because Mary was his only legal heir and she had died before him, Mrs. Ungle did not inherit. Sam went to work on the matter and, after considerable trouble and expense, he found the rightful heirs. From a woman in England and another in Virginia, he purchased their rights to Plain Dealing. Mother Frances could stay on. In 1729, Sam married again, this time to a member of the immensely well-to-do Lloyd family. Sam was 32 and she was just 20; her Christian name was Henrietta Maria. Everyone probably knows this, but I’ll mention it again in passing: Henrietta Maria was a French princess, who became the wife of Charles I of England, who granted these lands to Lord Baltimore, who agreed to name his new colony “Mary-Land” in her honor. (Our state came that close to being Henrietta-Land.) Accordingly, 4. several hundred years, every for

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The Chamberlaines prominent family had daughters named Henrietta Maria. Once again, Sam took his new wife off on a bridal trip to meet the Chamberlaine family in England; once again, Mrs. Ungle went along. Indeed, it would appear that she saw Henrietta Maria almost as a replacement for her own lost daughter. Somewhere along the line, a portrait was done of Henrietta Maria. She and Sam had four children in quick succession: Richard (who died young), Thomas, James, and Ann. In 1735, the family moved in with Mrs. Ungle at Plain Dealing, where a second daughter was born; they named her Henrietta Maria,

of course. Then eleven years passed before their sixth and last child appeared, Samuel, in 1750. Frances Ungle doted on them all as if they were her own grandchildren. When she died in 1754, leaving a large property chiefly of real estate, her will read: “I appoint my son-inlaw, Samuel Chamberlaine, to be my heir at law, to inherit the residue and remainder of my personal estate.” To each of his children, she left large sums of money and named as her executors “Samuel Chamberlaine and his son Thomas.” There isn’t room here to follow the Chamberlaine family too much further, so let’s wrap it up with a few brief notes. Samuel Chamberlaine prospered,

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The Chamberlaines

Chamberlaine Coat of Arms working hard at his commercial and agricultural pursuits. Of him it was said, “he stood first in the county as an honorable, honest and worthy man, of an unimpeachable character, proved by the high position he held for thirty-four years in the Lord Proprietor’s Council of State.” Indeed, he considered his oath of loyalty to the Lord Proprietor, and through him to the monarch, to be binding and was unable to openly support the rising call for separation from England. Though he lived until the eve of the Revolution, he took no part in it. Sam was no ardent loyalist, either, for he was fully aware of the damage being done to American interests by the Stamp Act and other restrictions. He simply abstained

from political controversy, which tarnished his reputation in some quarters. Sam resigned his post as Deputy Naval Officer in 1748, the year his wife passed away. When he died in 1773, Sam was one of the richest men in the county, with thousands of acres of land on the Tred Avon, Choptank, and Miles rivers. Both he and Henrietta Maria were buried in a family plot at Plain Dealing. Thomas, their eldest son, succeeded his father as Deputy Naval Officer. He married Susannah Robins and later inherited Plain Dealing. The old place eventually was sold; in 1856 it was torn down and replaced with a new house. His younger brother James married another of the Robins girls, his sister-in-law Henrietta Maria. She had a portrait, too, which later joined the Chamberlaine collection. They lived at Peach Blossom and had a son named Robins. Sadly, Robins Chamberlaine died young; but before he did, his maternal grandmother had his portrait painted, standing with her. Grandma’s name was ~ I am not making this up ~ Henrietta Maria Robins Goldsborough. Samuel, the youngest of Sam’s children, married one of Henry Hollyday’s six daughters, named (you guessed it) Henrietta Maria. And yes, she too sat for a portrait. On the outskirts of Oxford, she and Samuel built an amazing home they named called Bonfield, which lasted

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The Chamberlaines until it burned down in 1927. From their family are descended many more Chamberlaines. Astonishingly, not one of their six children was named Henrietta Maria. They fudged it, with a Henry, an Anna Maria, and a Harriett. This article has been an attempt to transport us 300 years back in time, just for a few moments, by providing some little tidbits of history and a tale or two. Yet I fear it is all just so many words, isn’t it? The veil of time is just so hazy. Wouldn’t it be grand if we could actually see these people ~ gaze upon their faces to ponder their thoughts and personalities? What a shame those portraits have left our area! Some of them must be pretty valuable by now, too. We do know what happened to them. When Plain Dealing passed out of the family, the Chamberlaine family portraits remained in the old house for some years. Samuel gathered them all together and brought them to Bonfield where they hung in a back room, known as “Harriet’s Room.” There may have been more than a dozen of them in all. They were rescued again in 1870 when a Chamberlaine descendant removed them from Bonfield and brought them to his home in Easton “for greater preservation.” Eventually, they wound up in Philadelphia and other cities. Now, Gentle Reader, here’s that

The Neall House surprise we promised at the outset. Hold onto your hat, Matilda ~ seven of these historic portraits have come back to Delmarva! They are safe and sound at the Talbot Historical Society in Easton, where they are being cleaned and restored as the donor stipulated in her gift. We have mentioned each of them in this article: 1. Thomas Chamberlaine (father of Sam I) 2. Samuel Chamberlaine I (son of Thomas) 3. Mary (Ungle) Chamberlaine (first wife of Sam I) 4. Henrietta Maria (Lloyd) Chamberlaine (second wife of Sam I) 5. Henrietta Maria (Robins) Chamberlaine (wife of James Lloyd Chamberlaine.) 6. Robins Chamberlaine (grandson

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The Chamberlaines of Sam I, son of James Lloyd) pictured with his maternal grandmother Henrietta Maria (Tilghman) Robins Goldsborough. 7. Henrietta-Maria (Hollyday) Chamberlaine (wife of Sam II) According to spokesman B o b Shanna han, the Societ y is “rearranging itself” to make better use of the various spaces they have and bring some things out of storage. The Neall House is now to be utilized as gallery space for exhibiting pieces in the collection that span a wide time frame. Furnishings will remain in most of the rooms, however, and tours to discuss the residency of

the James Neall family will still be available upon request. The remarkable Chamberlaine portraits will be exhibited in one room as requested by the donor. Museum consultant Patrick Rogan is designing the installation. The Society plans a grand opening sometime this spring. A ll seven portraits will be on permanent and public display for the first time ever. Best of all, we’re all invited! Watch for the notices. I plan to stop in for a peek, too. Gary Crawford and his wife, Susan, operate Crawfords Nautical Books, a unique bookstore on Tilghman’s Island.

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Emerald Surf by Bonna L. Nelson

When I was down beside the sea A wooden spade they gave to me To dig the sandy shore.

My holes were empty like a cup. In every hole the sea came up, Till it could come no more.

At the Seaside by Robert Lewis Stevenson Our family takes turns planning family trips and it was our son-in-law Randy Travers’s turn to plan. The basic requirements were warmth, a beach, a pool and three bedrooms. We were surprised when, after doing some research, he picked Destin, Florida. After all, Florida has a reputation for being unbearably hot in summer. Plus, because of work schedules, we would have to fly, not

drive, thus increasing the costs. We were further surprised when he said that he picked Destin because, in addition to meeting our basic requirements, it is a major sports fishing center. Fishing is a passion of his father-in-law ~ my husband, John. Randy is a thoughtful man, but not a fisherman. He picked well ~ we all loved it! And, so it was, that we went down

The seagulls are certainly enjoying the sand and surf of Destin, Fl. 159


Emerald Surf to the sea along Florida’s Panhandle on the Gulf of Mexico, an area that we had always wanted to see after reading rave rev iews about t he beaches. We found that temperatures were not scorching, but were a pleasing, comfortable low to mid-eighties. Destin, near Fort Walton, one of several resort towns on what is known as the “Emerald Coast” of Florida, is a beautiful family vacation destination, comprising mostly rental houses and condominiums for accommodations. There are a variety of restaurants as well as shopping destinations, including malls and outlets, museums and other entertainment. A las, the f ishing wasn’t great then, but John was content with spending time with the family at the beach and pool, along with outings to restaurants, the HarborWalk and other sights. Sitting on the covered porch at our lakefront cottage in the gated community of Destin Pointe, we overlooked the green and blue Gulf of Mexico, Lake Christina (a protected wildlife refuge), the grass marsh and the pool. In the morning we watched fishing boats in the East Pass channel departing for the day’s adventure, while listening to mourning doves cooing in the trees around us. A ll day we obser ved herons, ducks, pigeons, egrets and seagulls cavorting on the lake, and

Holly and Bonna sporting sombreros at La Paz restaurant. turtles poking their heads up to catch some rays. In the evening we sipped wine while watching the stunning sunsets over the Gulf. We found the cottage on a vacation home website, HomeAway.com. The raised three-story cottage featured three bedrooms, three baths, open great room and kitchen, two private porches, and all the amenities. The home was beautifully decorated with a seaside theme, shells, sculpture, and comfortable furnishings. The community boasted two pools, a hot tub, two lakes, a nature trail, tennis courts, sidewalks, personal beach chairs and umbrellas, 3,000 feet of Gulf-front beach and 24-hour security. A short stroll over the wooden boardwalk arched above the lake took us to the enclosed pool, and a few steps more took us to the beach. The seashell-f illed sand dunes closest to the green sea are

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a treasure trove for shell collectors like me. I felt like an archaeologist discovering ancient bones in a fossil bed. Shells were abundant and easy to locate in sand ridges and in the surf. Isabella, our five-yearold granddaughter, gathered shells with me, filling her sand bucket and then showing each treasure to her parents. With 3,000 feet of sugar-white sand beach, there are ample opportunities to take in some exercise ~ run, walk or stroll. An interesting fact, the sand isn’t really sand but pure, powder-sof t Appa lachia n quartz deposited by a glacier a few thousand years ago. At the jetty end of the beach near the Pass, anglers try their luck pulling in Spanish mackerel, cobia, catfish and yellowtail tuna. Nearby, but not close enough to get hooked, snorkelers observe tropical fish swirling in the turbulence. Out on the Gulf, fishing and sailing vessels pass by, including a “Pirates of the Caribbean� type sailing ship taking vacationers for tours or pirate parties. Often dolphins can be spotted, from the beach and from boats, cavorting in the green water near the shore, which changes to a turquoise color farther away from the shoreline. Curious about why the water was green, I found the answer at the Florida Department of Environmental Protection website. The 162


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Emerald Surf emerald surf is caused by sunlight ref lecting off harmless microalgae suspended in the shallows and imparting greenish hues. More choices for activities include dolphin and bird watching cruises, glass bottom boat tours, snorkeling trips, fishing and boat rentals. There is also the Big Kahuna Water and Adventure Park, the Gulfarium Marine Adventure Park, nature parks and dance and night clubs. Every Tuesday night there is a Mardi Gras/Fat Tuesday Parade at Destin HarborWalk Village at the Emerald Grand Hotel and Marina. After dining on the harbor waterfront at AJ’s Seafood and Oyster Ba r on scr u mpt iou s Gu l f ma h i mahi, shrimp, clams and oysters, we strolled to the boardwalk to watch the parade. Floats, antique cars, and costumed guests paraded by, throwing loops of green, purple, silver, red and gold beads to the br ig ht- eyed vac at ioners, young and old alike, just like in old New Orleans. We joined the end of the parade that led us to a bandstand and a rock concert. Bella enjoyed dancing, adorned with beads, swaying to the music. The evening ended deliciously w it h homemade ic e cream from a HarborWalk vendor. Such fun, and it repeats every week! That is not the only weekly event. Every Thursday there is a fireworks show. Not wishing to go back to the

Pirate ship cruising along the beach. HarborWalk so soon, we instead ate near our cottage at La Paz Restaurant and Cantina. We savored freshly made margaritas and guacamole with shrimp and steak fajitas. My daughter Holly and I were encouraged by the staff to participate in a photograph opportunity wearing large colorful sombreros. Good food and plenty of laughs! We drove back to our commun it y, De st i n Poi nte on Holid ay Isle, parked the car and strolled over to the pool complex that overlooked the harbor. We enjoyed the fireworks across the water while relaxing in lounge chairs around the pool, away from the crowds and explosions. This made Bella very happy, as she is not yet keen on fireworks noise. We all agreed with Trip Advisor’s ranking of Buck’s Smokehouse as the #1 restaurant out of 238 in

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Emerald Surf Destin. The meats were smoked all day in a gigantic smoker outside. This is such a casual beach place that the menu is printed on a white board, you order at the window, the meal is served on paper plates, and you eat at picnic tables. So popular is it that they frequently sell out of their many items. Everything we ordered tasted and smelled delicious. The smoked turkey, brisket, pulled pork, and barbecued ribs were tender and succulent, and served with your choice of several sauces. They claim to have the coldest beer in town. We enjoyed the meal so much that we ordered more for carry-out a few nights later. To be sure of the

availability of your favorite smoked meat, order it early in the morning. Sometimes it is wise to take a day off from the sun, and thus we found ourselves at Gator Beach at Fudpucker’s Grill in Destin, home to 80 live alligators on a small pond under and around the restaurant. A bit gimmicky, at hourly shows a gator handler shares information about t he reptiles, answers questions and feeds them as they scramble to grab food from each other. Guests can feed them, as well as get their photos taken with the critters. In a nearby enclosure resides Pearl, an albino alligator, one of only 50 in the United States. She seemed a bit stunned the day we visited. On another day we explored the

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Emerald Surf Village of Baytowne Wharf, near Destin, a collection of elegant accommodations, shops, galleries, restaurants, playgrounds and night spots surrounding a lagoon. We dined at Rum Runners on grilled fish, and browsed the shops for nice souvenirs of our trip. They also have a zip line and bungee jumping, which we did not try! We entertained some unexpected guests on our last night. While finishing up leftovers for dinner, we heard some noises on the front porch. It was dusk and hard to see, so Randy turned on the outside light. We had taken a cooler to the beach that day with our picnic lunch in it, and then washed the cooler and

set it on the porch to dry. Apparently there were still some food morsels available, enough to attract a family of raccoons! Mother and babies were crawling in and out of the cooler, and then they scampered down the side of the porch and over to the lake when we opened the door. So, if you’re in the mood to lounge on miles of sugar white powdery beaches with crystal clear, emerald green sea water rushing ashore, beckoning you in for a warm dip, or pyramids of sand dunes sprinkled with sea grass and seashells, try something new ~ try the Emerald Surf! Bonna L. Nelson is a Bay-area writer, columnist and photographer. She resides with her husband, John, in Easton.

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Tidewater Review by Anne Stinson

The High D iv ide by L i n E nger. A lgonqu i n Book s of Chapel Hill. 332 pp. $24.95. The year is 1886 in this prairie/ western novel. The men who survived the Civil War are back home or he ade d we s t , s ome of t hem less settled into private life. The U.S. government encouraged the western movement to populate the lonesome prairie’s vast expanses, and parleyed with Indian tribes to accept treaties that moved them to tribal reservations. To the shame of American politics, some of the tribes balked, only relenting when the army enforced the matter in the Indian Wars. One of these unsettled Civil War veterans, Ulysses Pope, found civilian life difficult. Two years after Appomattox, he reenlisted, along with his war buddy Jim Powers, and they were sent into the territories to help wipe out Indian raids on settlers. Their new army unit was headed by the soldier the Indians called “Yellow Hair.� The troops called him Col. Custer. Before the bloody massacre at Little Big Horn, the friends had

f ulf illed t heir enlistments. The Indians won their last stand, and Cheyennes and Crows were still an issue for prairie settlers. The Indians had more than soldiers to worry about. Buffalo were vanishing. The millions of buffalo on the plains had provided the main food for the tribes, their hides for clothing and tipis, and blankets for

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Tidewater Review

Lin Enger cold winter. By 1886, the buffalo were near extinction. Ulysses wa s a t roubled ma n. Married 17 years earlier to a beautiful 18-year-old immigrant from Denmark, he loved his wife, Greta, and their two boys, 16-year-old Eli and sickly Danny, who was almost 10. He built houses, shed, barns and the bank in the little town, Sloans Crossing, Minnesota, but jobs fell off when he angered the prominent men in town. Money, or the absence of it, provoked a rare quarrel with Greta. The next morning he simply walked away and never came back. The opt ions for h is de ser ted family were few and dire. The book 172


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Tidewater Review

The High Divide region straddles the heights along the Centennial Mountains and includes the Madison and Jefferson rivers. traces the effect on all concerned ~ family, missing father, Greta’s challenges, her boys’ strengths and growth, and an ending that makes the reader short of breath until the final line. A long t heir jour ney we meet scoundrels, and honorable men and women. We get a vivid view of prairie weather, homesteads, towns and small cities, railroads with boxcars, the unsullied beauty and perils of rivers, plains and mountains of the West. There is betrayal, Indian wisdom and chicanery, bureaucratic idiocy from Washington, an opium den, and women’s independence. Lin Enger, the author of this saga, has beautifully blended the elements of a real time in the nation’s history. The crazy quilt of survival is stitched with the roles of characters as real as people we recognize in our own lives. In some instances, names like Custer and President

Grover Cleveland are accurate to their time and performances. There is even a role for the new Smithsonian Museum. Buttes, shale, thick dust from moving buffalo, the speed of an approaching blizzard draw us into a scene that comes into clear focus d irec t ly f rom t he page. We a re there with the sight of the campfire under the dome of willow trees at creekside. We see the Indian ponies picketed away from the fire, the spire of smoke nearly dissipated by the thick foliage of leaves above it, the exhausted but content Indians waiting with patient hunger as the greasy strips of buffalo hump sizzle on stout wooden spears above the flames. The scent of roasting meat is palpable. We are as mesmerized as the hungry men. Enger has shown his skill at persuading us that the human heart is both tough and tender. His book will linger in the reader’s head for a long time after we close the last page, wishing it were longer. This novel is way above the ordinary, and I highly recommend it! Now in her ninth decade, Anne Stinson began her career in the 1950s as a freelance for the now def unct Balt imore News-A merican, then later for Chesapeake Publishing, the Baltimore Sun and Maryland Public Television’s panel show, Maryland Newsrap.

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Ponies, Oysters, and Watermen The Story of Chincoteague by Harold W. Hurst

Located off the Eastern Shore of Virginia, only a few miles below the Maryland border, lies the island town of Chincoteague. This charming resort embodies the natural beauty of the surrounding beaches and woodlands, as well as the quaint presence of churches, homes and shops found in the downtown business district. A brochure published by the local Chamber of Commerce advertises the friendly nature of the locals, as well as the “old-fashioned Southern hospitality.” The principle attraction that has long lured visitors and tourists to Chincoteague is the presence of the wild ponies. The origin of this species is in dispute; one legend has

it that they originally came from a vessel shipwrecked off the shore of Assateague in the 1700s. But some records indicate that herds of these wild ponies grazed on Chincoteague and Assateague long before the 18th century. Whatever their origin, the marshlands and freshwater glades on these islands provided rich pasture land that was not suitable for some of the agricultural crops found elsewhere in Maryland and Virginia. Livestock raising became a principle feature of the local economy from the earliest days. The rounding up of wild livestock on these islands is called “pony penning.” These annual af-

The ponies of Assateague and Chincoteague are a favorite attraction. 177


The Story of Chincoteague fairs involve gathering the ponies for branding, gelding, and culling, after which they were claimed by owners living in the neighborhood. By the 1820s and 1830s, pony penning took place on Assateauge because the herd on Chincoteague had become nearly extinct. The wild ponies were put into corrals of pine logs and then sold to the highest bidders. This annual ritual was the scene of much merrymaking, and the occasion became the major social event of the year. Since the 1920s, the pony penning has been held on Chincoteague Island, forcing the herds to swim across the channel from As-

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sateague. Beginning in 1925, members of the Chincoteague Volunteer Fire Department have conducted the event. Each year the “saltwater cowboys” gather the ponies for sale. This is the chief revenue for the volunteer company. In 1947, a book about a local pony suddenly put Chincoteague in the national limelight. Marguerite Henry, an author of children’s books, bought a pony that became a feature of a work entitled Misty of Chincoteague. A bestseller, this book was made into a film in 1961. Misty became a celebrity, drawing thousands of tourists to the island each year. A statue of Misty is located on Main Street. 178


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The Story of Chincoteague

The statue of Misty is located on Main Street. If wild ponies lured thousands of visitors to Chincoteague, it was the oyster industry that created much of the wealth and led to the economic development of the town and surrounding area. In the early days, oysters flourished in the waters around the islands, but cultivation in privately owned beds started in the 1860s. Oyster “seeds” from public beds were transported to private beds and grown in deep water where they eventually became larger and “plumper.” They were then replanted in fresh waters in the glades of the island or the inland creeks that empty into the Chincoteague Bay. Chincoteague oysters are known for being extra salty. The oyster industry further expanded after the arrival of the rail-

road in 1870 when the Worcester Railroad line, headquartered in Snow Hill, erected a trunk line to the shores of Chincoteague Bay. During the season of 1879-1880, over 300,000 bushels were drawn from the Bay and the surrounding area. About half were shipped out by rail and the rest by sailing vessels. By the 1890s, the thriving oyster industry was shipping out hundreds of barrels each day. On one day in 1900, 943 barrels were sent to market. Oyster processing and seafood factories were a primary source of the Chincoteague economy between the 1860s and World War I. Auxiliary industries like barrelmaking and basket factories also flourished in the area. Blacks and poor whites found employment as laborers and “shuckers” in the processing plants. At the top of the social structure were the rich men who owned the biggest oyster beds and the largest factories. This local elite included merchants like William C. Bunning, William J. Matthews, and Daniel J. Whealton, and other members of the Whealton clan. The influence of this powerful clique extended beyond their own business affairs, as their voice also carried weight in the local churches, schools, fraternal orders and the town council. The oyster industry also flourished in other parts of Delmarva.

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The Story of Chincoteague Crisfield, Maryland, was known as the “Seafood Capital of the World.” The main streets were paved with oyster shells. (See my article on early Crisfield in the November 2012 issue of the Tidewater Times). After World War I, exhaustion of the oyster beds led to the decline of the industry. The clamming and crabbing industries then gained importance. New factories were built to process menhaden oil for human consumption, as well as to produce fertilizer from the fish. During one week alone in 1920, The Seaboard Fish Oil and Guano Company processed 5,000 barrels

of fish oil for shipment to markets elsewhere. More than half of the oil from these plants was shipped by steamboat, a dying form of transportation. The oyster industry and seafood processing factories created a burgeoning economy accompanied by a flourishing building boom. In 1880 the little island town had 15 stores; by 1890 there were 22 such businesses. The largest mercantile establishment was the “Big Store” owned by D.J. Whealton. A threestory frame building, it was 281 feet long and 52 feet wide. It carried a wide variety of goods including clothing, dry goods, chinaware, stoves and furniture, as well as

The Whealton Mercantile Co. store was also called The Big Store. 182


meat and fresh food from nearby farms. The largest store on Virginia’s Eastern Shore, it was one of the chief landmarks in Chincoteague’s business district. The other prominent structure in downtown Chincoteague was the Atlantic Hotel, built in 1876 during the early years of the oyster industry boom. Famed for its culinary delights and choice liquors, the hotel advertised its “large and airy rooms” and “home comforts.” Both the Atlantic Hotel and the “Big Store” were destroyed by devastating fires in the 1920s. The early 20th century witnessed reforms that modernized the island town. In 1908 the Virginia legislature incorporated the

town, providing it with a mayor and town council. Electricity was introduced in 1914. In 1917 the white public schools on the island were consolidated into a new building located on Church Street. The major event of the postWWI era was the completion of the causeway across the marshlands separating Chincoteague Island from the mainland. Constructed by the Chincoteague Toll and Bridge Company under the leadership of John B. Whealton, Jr., this project was formally opened on November 15, 1922. The ceremonies featured the cutting of the ribbon by Governor E. Lee Trinkle. Automobiles could now be driven across the marshlands to downtown Chin-

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The Story of Chincoteague

Construction of the Chincoteague causeway was completed in 1922. coteague. Mail service to Chincoteague began in 1923. World War II affected the little town of Chincoteague, as it did the rest of the nation. Army patrols were established in the community and the neighboring islands, while the Coast Guard inaugurated a control center on Church Street. The Chincoteague Naval Auxiliary was commissioned on March 5, 1943. “Dimouts� were ordered along the coast to prevent illuminations that could attract enemy submarines lurking in local waters. The military presence on the island not only transformed the life of the town, but provided employment for many people in the area. The 1960s once again brought dramatic change to the island resort town. The completion of a bridge connecting Chincoteague and Assateague islands (1965) facilitated automobile access to the

latter island for tourists interested in viewing the wild ponies and the local lighthouse. During recent years, tourism has been the chief engine of economic growth, surpassing the seafood industry as the main source of commercial development. A recent Chamber of Commerce brochure lists at least 20 hotels and motels, most of them on Main Street, in or adjacent to the historic downtown business district. Between June and September, an army of tourists flock to the town, surpassing in number the local inhabitants whose population in 2010 was 2,941. The contrasts between Chincoteague and the rest of the Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia is also interesting. During its early years, the Chincoteague economy was rooted in fishing and marine activities, while the rest of the Delmarva Peninsula was occupied by planters dependent on stable agricultural crops and a black labor force.

Chincoteague oysters are known for being plump and salty.

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The Story of Chincoteague Chincoteague Island and the immediate local area possessed a unique economy, social structure, racial composition, and religious makeup. Markedly different from the rest of Delmarva, most of the early residents lived in a primitive environment where the fruits of the surrounding waters provided most of the necessities of daily life. They lived off marshlands and waterways, instead of agricultural estates owned by planters. The development of the oyster industry, in the 1860s and later, provided for the growth of the local economy and social structure dominated by a few rich men whose

wealth stemmed from seafood processing and auxiliary industries. Local magnates like Whealton were self-made men, often of little formal education. Many were Union sympathizers in the Civil War and tended to support the newly founded Republican Party in the post-war period. All were either Methodists or Baptists. Hence, these local upstarts were decidedly different from the college-educated planters elsewhere who tended to be conservative Democrats in politics and Episcopalians or Presbyterians. Even the architectural style of the local rich was different. The rambling Victorian mansions on Main Street in Chincoteague bore little resemblance to the majestic

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The Story of Chincoteague Georgian or Federal residences occupied by the Lloyds, Goldsboroughs and Tilghmans on the shores of the Chesapeake. Slavery existed in 18th century Chincoteague, as it did in other parts of Maryland and Virginia. A few slaves were freed by their owners. The most notable was Ocraw Brinney, who was emancipated in 1789. Brinney settled in Chincoteague, where he bought 75 acres of land in 1811. By 1870 his descendants had formed a sizeable part of the town’s black population. People of African-American descent have never, however, formed a significant portion of the total population of the town, unlike elsewhere in Delmarva. The racial composition of the place, like the social structure, contrasted sharply with that of most Eastern Shore counties. Another unique aspect of Chincoteague has been its religious makeup. During Colonial times there were several Anglican churches in both Accomack and Northampton counties, although none existed on Chincoteague Island. After 1800, Methodism swept across the Peninsula. Methodist and Baptist churches did not appear on the island until the 1840s, however. The Baptists, a group not common elsewhere on the Eastern Shore, established a local church in 1841. The local Methodist Episcopal church

Christ’s Sanctified Holy Church dates from the same period, while the Methodist Protestant church was started in 1869. In the 1870s, local blacks separated from the white churches and formed their own congregations. An extraordinary event was the sudden rise of the Pentecostal movement in the 1890s. Joseph B. Lynch, a powerful preacher in a local Methodist church, stressed the Wesleyan emphasis on sanctification, spiritual renewal, and the dangers of “worldliness.” His sermons emphasized “holiness” and a “second blessing” that, he felt, believers should experience if they were to become true followers of the Gospel. Other Methodists became alarmed at Lynch’s zealotry, so Lynch formed Christ’s Sanctified Holy Church in 1892. His new church featured an emotional style of worship and a ban on musical instruments and jewelry, and other forms of fancy dress. Although some members of the new church left Chincoteague because of the community hostil-

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The Story of Chincoteague ity toward them, others remained behind to support the town’s largest congregation that continued to survive until the 1940s. The social milieu and racial and religious composition of Chincoteague Island and the immediate area have not changed very much in the last 100 years. The physical setting, however, has been dramatically altered. Hotels and motels have replaced many of the old shops and houses in the downtown business district. Some of the mansions once owned by the dominant elite class have been converted into bed and breakfast inns. It is the natural habitat, how-

ever, that continues to charm both locals and outsiders while the pristine beaches, lovely woodlands and wild ponies create an atmosphere unmatched by that of any other Mid-Atlantic coastal resort. End Notes & Credits This article could not have been written without continued reference to Kirk Mariner’s excellent book Once Upon An Island: The History of Chincoteague. Also helpful was Accomack County by Tom and Curtis Badger. Harold W. Hurst, PhD is a retired history professor and lives in Dover. He can be reached at 302697-7346.

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Kent County and Chestertown at a Glance Kent County is a treasury of early American history. Its principal towns and back roads abound with beautiful old homes and historic landmarks. The area was first explored by Captain John Smith in 1608. Kent County was founded in 1642 and named for the shire in England that was the home of many of Kent’s earliest colonists. When the first legislature assembled in 1649, Kent County was one of two counties in the colony, thus making it the oldest on the Eastern Shore. It extended from Kent Island to the present boundary. The first settlement, New Yarmouth, thrived for a time and, until the founding of Chestertown, was the area’s economic, social and religious center. Chestertown, the county seat, was founded in 1706 and served as a port of entry during colonial times. A town rich in history, its attractions include a blend of past and present. Its brick sidewalks and attractive antiques stores, restaurants and inns beckon all to wander through the historic district and enjoy homes and places with architecture ranging from the Georgian mansions of wealthy colonial merchants to the elaborate style of the Victorian era. Second largest district of restored 18th-century homes in Maryland, Chestertown is also home to Washington College, the nation’s tenth oldest liberal arts college, founded in 1782. Washington College was also the only college that was given permission by George Washington for the use of his name, as well as given a personal donation of money. The beauty of the Eastern Shore and its waterways, the opportunity for boating and recreation, the tranquility of a rural setting and the ambiance of living history offer both visitors and residents a variety of pleasing experiences. A wealth of events and local entertainment make a visit to Chestertown special at any time of the year. For more information about events and attractions in Kent County, contact the Kent County Visitor Center at 410-778-0416, visit www. kentcounty.com or e-mail tourism@kentcounty.com. For information about the Historical Society of Kent County, call 410-778-3499 or visit www.kentcountyhistory.org/geddes.php. For information specific to Chestertown visit www.chestertown.com. 193


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“Calendar of Events” notices - Please contact us at 410-226-0422, fax the information to 410-226-0411, write to us at Tidewater Times, P. O. Box 1141, Easton, MD 21601, or e-mail to info@tidewatertimes.com. The deadline is the 1st of the preceding month of publication (i.e., March 1 for the April issue). Daily Meeting: Mid-Shore Intergroup A lcoholics A nony mous meetings. For places and times, call 410-822-4226 or visit www. midshoreintergroup.org. Da i ly Meet ing: A l-A non. For meeting times and locations, v isit www.EasternShoreMDalanon.org. Every Thurs.-Sat. Amish Country Farmer’s Market in Easton. An indoor market offering fresh produce, meats, dairy products, furniture and more. 101 Marlboro Ave. For more info. tel: 410-822-8989. Thru March 5 After School Art

Club for grades 4-7 with Susan Horsey at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Thursdays from 3:45 to 5 p.m. $125 members, $135 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. Thru March 8 Exhibit: Ellen Hill ~ Life Lines at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. Thru March 9 Exhibit: Watercolor paintings by Donna Winterling at the Tidewater Inn Library Gallery in Easton. This exhibit is focused on local winter scenes

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March Calendar

Sub-Saharan Artwork from the World Bank at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. Thru April 12 Exhibit: The Art of Greg Mort ~ Selections from the Hickman Bequest III at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org.

“Snow Joy” by Donna Winterling and the beauty found in nature along Maryland’s Eastern Shore this time of year. For more info. tel: 301-717-2058 or visit www. donnawinterling.com.

1 4th Annual Crawfish Boil and Muskrat Stew Fest at Cannery Way Park, Cambridge, sponsored by Crabi Gras. Musical headliner is Jimmy Cole Blues Band. Noon

Thru March 27 Exhibit: 2015 Art Competition ~ Discovering the Native Landscapes of Maryland’s Eastern Shore on display at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit www.adkinsarboretum.org. Thru March 27 Home School Art Classes with Constance Del Nero for ages 6 to 9 and Susan Horsey for ages 10+ at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Fridays from 1 to 2:30 p.m. $165 members, $175 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. Thru April 5 Exhibit: Africa Now! 196


to 5 p.m. $5. For more info. tel: 410 -228- 0108 or v isit www. cambridgemainstreet.com. 1 T h e Ta l b o t C i n e m a S o c i e t y pr e s ents Libeled Lady at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410 - 924-5752 or v isit www. talbotcinemasociety.org. 2 Bus tr ip to t he Philadelphia Flower Show ~ Lights, Camera, BLOOM! ~ sponsored by Adkins A r b or e t u m . E x p e r ie nc e t he magic of movies and horticulture as the 186th PHS Philadelphia Flower Show celebrates the silver screen. The bus will depart from 315 Aurora Park Drive, Easton, at 10 a.m. and will depart from the Flower Show at 6 p.m. $85 for members and $105 for nonmembers. For more info. tel: 410 - 634-2847, ext. 0 or v isit www.adkinsarboretum.org. 2 Brown Bag Lunch at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels, featuring Pete Lesher

on A Broad Reach: 50 Years of Collecting at Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum. Noon. Sneak a peek at the Museum’s forthcoming exhibit that will feature a selection of some of the finest objects from the Museum’s collection. For more info. tel: 410745-5877 or visit www.tcfl.org. 2 Academy for Lifelong Learning: What Grandparents Need to Know about ADHD and Executive Functioning with Jodi Sleeper-Triplett. 1:30 to 3:30 p.m. in the Van Lennep Auditorium, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. $10. For enrollment details tel: 410-7454941. 2 , 4 ,9,11,16,18, 23, 25 ,30 Free Blood Pressure Screening from 9 a.m. to noon at University of Maryland Shore Regional Health Diagnostic and Imaging Center, Easton. For more info. tel: 410820-7778. 2,9 Academy for Lifelong Learn-

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March Calendar

in Easton. For more info. tel: 410 -822-1000 or v isit www. shorehealth.org.

ing: Everyone Has a Story Worth Telling with Glory Aiken in the Dorchester House, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. 9:30 to 11:30 a.m. For enrollment details tel: 410-745-4941. 2,9,16,23,30 Open Portrait Studio with Nancy Reybold at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to noon. Museum membership required. For more info. tel: 410-822-0597. 2,9,16,23,30 Academy for Lifelong Learning: National Security in the 21st Century with Rich Wagner. 10:30 a.m. to noon at the Oxford Community Center. For enrollment details tel: 410745-4941. 2,9,16,23,30 Meeting: Overeaters A nony mous at U M Shore Medical Center in Easton. 5:15 to 6:15 p.m. For more info. visit www.oa.org. 2,9,16,23,30 Monday Night Trivia at t he Ma rke t S t r e e t P ubl ic House, Denton. 7:30 to 9:30 p.m. Join host Norm Amorose for a fun-filled evening. For more info. tel: 410-479-4720. 3 Meeting: Breast Feeding Support Group from 10 to 11:30 a.m. at U M Shore Medical Center

3 Concert: Matt Andersen in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation.org. 3,17 Grief Support Group at the D or c he s ter C ou nt y L i br a r y, Cambridge. 6 p.m. For more info. tel: 443-978-0218. 3,5,10,12,17,19,24,26,31 Adult Ballroom Classes with Amanda Showel l at t he Ac ademy A r t Museum, Easton. Tuesday and Thursday nights. For more info. tel: 410-482-6169 or visit www. dancingontheshore.com. 3,6,10,13,17,20,24,27,31 Free Blood Pressure Screening from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. at University of Maryland Shore Medical Center at Dorchester in Cambr idge. Screenings done in the lobby by DGH Auxiliar y members. For more info. tel: 410-228-5511. 3,10,17,24,31 Class: Fundamen-

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tals of Drawing with Katie Cassidy at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to noon. $185 members, $215 non-members. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. 3,10,17,24 Academy for Lifelong Learning: Hunting on the Bay with Phillip Hesser. 1 to 2:30 p.m. in the Van Lennep Auditorium, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. For enrollment details tel: 410-745-4941. 4 Nature as Muse at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Enjoy writing as a way of exploring nature. For more info.

tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit www.adkinsarboretum.org. 4 Meeting: Nar-Anon at Immanuel United Church of Christ, Cambridge. 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 1-800-477-6291 or visit www. nar-anon.org. 4 Reik i Share at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 7:15 to 9:15 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit www.evergreeneaston.org. 4-8 2015 Books Café to benefit Wye Parish. Some 30,000 books offered at up to 90% off cover price will be available from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. each day. The Books

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March Calendar CafÊ will take place at St. Luke’s Chapel, Main and Dudley Sts., Queenstown. For more info. tel: 410-758-3071. 4 ,11,18 Music L ec t ures: Magnificent Movie Music presented by Dr. Rachel Franklin at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Tickets: $30 Museum members. $35 nonmembers. March 4: Beethoven Goes to Hollywood; March 11: Five of the Great Masterpieces; March 18: Epics and Oscars, Art and Irony. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. 4 ,11,18 Ac ademy for L i felong Learning: Is There An American Poetic Tradition? with John Ford and John Miller in the Van Lennep Auditorium, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. 1:30 to 3 p.m. For enrollment details tel: 410-745-4941. 4 ,11,18,25 Meeting: Wednesday Morning Artists. 8 a.m. at Creek Deli in Cambridge. No cost. For more info. visit www. wednesdaymorningartists.com or contact Nancy at ncsnyder@ aol.com or 410-463-0148. 4,11,18,25 Social Time for Seniors at the St. Michaels Community

Center, 10:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073. 4 ,11,18, 25 Ac ademy for L ife long L e a r n i ng: C a na s t a Re visited with Cynthia Pyron at the Church of the Holy Trinity Parish Hall, Oxford. 12:30 to 3 p.m. For enrollment details tel: 410-745-4941. 4,11,18,25 Discover Your World with Books, Art and Science at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. Wednesdays at 2 p.m. for ages 3 to 5 accompanied by an adult. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit www.tcfl.org. 5 Lecture: Mayan Conquistador: The Amazing Story of Gonzalo Guererro with author John Reisinger at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 6:30 p.m. Guererro, after being shipwrecked in Mexico in 1511, became a war chief of the Maya and led them in their resistance against his fellow Spaniards. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit www. tcfl.org. 5,12,19 Class: Bookmaking ~ Accordion Book Sampler with Joan Machinchick at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. $150 members, $180 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org.

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5,12,19,26 Dog Walking with Vicki A r ion at Ad k ins A rboret um, R idgely. 10 to 10:45 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit www.adkinsarboretum.org. 5,12,19,26 Open Mic & Jam at R AR Brewing in Cambridge. 7 to 11 p.m. Listen to live acoustic music by local musicians, or bring your own instrument and join in. For more info. tel: 443225-5664. 5,12,19,26 Men’s Group Meeting at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 7:30 to 9 a.m. Weekly meeting where men can frankly and openly deal with issues in their lives. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit www.evergreeneaston.org. 6 Monthly Cof fee and Critique with Katie Cassidy and Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to noon. $10. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit

www.academyartmuseum.org. 6 First Friday in downtown Easton. Throughout the evening the art galleries offer new shows and have many of their artists present throughout the evening. Tour the galleries, sip a drink and explore the fine talents of our local artists. 6 Dorchester Sw ingers Square Dance from 7:30 to 10 p.m. at Maple Elementary School, Egypt Rd., Cambridge. Refreshments provided. For more info. tel: 410-221-1978. 6 Concer t: Comedian Randolph Terrance in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-8227299 or visit www.avalonfoundation.org. 6,13,20,27 Meeting: Friday Morning Artists at Joe’s Bagel Cafe in Easton. 8 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-673-1860 or visit www. FridayMorningArtists.org.

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March Calendar 6,13,20,27 Class: Continued Explorations with Colored Pencil with Constance Del Nero at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to noon. $120 members, $145 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. 6,13,20,27 Bingo! every Friday night at the Easton Volunteer Fire Department on Creamery Lane, Easton. Doors open at 6:30 p.m. and games start at 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-4848.

3 p.m. Par ticipants w ill join stor y teller Janie Meneely as she shares watermen’s tales and songs, using photos and stories to accompany her music. $3 per person with children under six free. For more info. tel: 410745-4941 or e-mail aspeight@ cbmm.org.

6,20 Meeting: Vets Helping Vets at the Hurlock American Legion #2 43 . 9 a .m. I n for m at ion a l meeting to help vets find services. For more info. tel: 410943-8205 after 4 p.m. 7 First Sat urday g uided wa l k. 10 a.m. at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. Free for members, $5 admission for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit www.adkinsarboretum.org. 7 Family-friendly Concert at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels, featuring Chesapeake Songs, Music and Stories w ith Miss Janie. 2 to

7 Concert: Kat Parsons in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. Two shows ~ 7 and 9 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation. org. 7,8,14,15,21,22,28,29 Apprentice for a Day Public Boatbuilding Program at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels.

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and Tasting with celebrity chef Henry Miller at Two if by Sea Restaurant, Tilghman. 4 p.m. $35 per person. For more info. tel: 410-886-2447.

Pre-registration required. For more info. tel: 410-745-2916 and ask to speak with someone in the boatyard. 8 Pancake Breakfast at the Oxford Volunteer Fire Company. 8 to 11 a.m. Proceeds to benefit the Oxford Volunteer Fire Services. $8 for adults and $4 for children under 10. For more info. tel: 410226-5110. 8 Book A r ts Studio w ith Ly nn Reynolds at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 1 to 4 p.m. Museum membership required. For more info. tel: 410-757-5542. 8 Portugal Cooking Demonstration

9-April 13 Class: Intermediate/ Adva nc e d Pot ter y w it h Pau l Aspell at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Mondays from 9:30 to 11:30 a.m. $175 members, $200 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. 9-April 13 Class: Introduction to the Potter’s Wheel with Paul Aspell at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Mondays from 1

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March Calendar to 3 p.m. $175 members, $200 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. 10 Flute Circle at Justamere Trading Post, St. Michaels. 6 p.m. Come and enjoy the Native Flute. Learn to play, or just listen. Free. For more info. tel: 410-745-2227. 10,24 Buddhist Study Group at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living, Easton. 6:30 to 8 p.m. Open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit www.evergreeneaston.org. 10,24 Meeting: Tidewater Stamp Club at the Mayor and Council Bldg., Easton. 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1371. 11 Meeting: Talbot Optimist Club at the Washington Street Pub, Easton. 6:30 p.m. For more i n fo. e -ma i l r vanemburgh@ leinc.com. 11,18 Class: Organizing, Storing and Sharing Photos with your Smart Phone with Scott Kane at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 6 to 8 p.m. $40 members, $60 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org.

11,25 Chess Club from 1 to 3 p.m. at the St. Michaels Community Center. Players gather for friendly competition and instruction. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073. 11,25 Meeting: Choptank Writers Group from 3:30 to 5 p.m. at the Dorchester Center for the Arts, Cambridge. Everyone interested in writing is invited to participate. For more info. tel: 443-521-0039. 11-April 15 Class: Pastel ~ Creating Strong and Vibrant Compositions in Still Life and Landscape with Katie Cassidy at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Wednesdays from 9:45 a.m. to 1 p.m. $195 members, $220 nonmembers. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. 11-A pr i l 1 5 Cla s s: Beg i n n i ng and Intermediate Hand Building Pot ter y w it h Paul A spell at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Wednesdays from 1 to 3 p.m. $175 members, $200 nonmembers. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. 11-Apr il 15 Class: Beginning/ Inter med iate/Adva nc ed Potter y w it h Pau l A spel l at t he Academy Art Museum, Easton. Wednesdays from 6:30 to 8:30

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p.m. $175 members, $200 nonmembers. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org.

p.m. $100 members, $110 nonmembers. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org.

12 Lecture: Ed Cutts ~ Designer, Boatbuilder, and Cutts Method Designer w ith author Way ne Brow n at t he Ta lbot C ou nt y Free Library, Easton. 6:30 p.m. Author Wayne Brown talks about his new biography of Oxford’s ow n Edmund Cut ts and how he invented the famous “Cutts Method” for building stronger, lighter boats. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit www. tcfl.org.

12-May 7 After School Art Club with Susan Horsey at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Thursdays from 3:45 to 5 p.m. $125 members, $135 non-members. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org.

12 Concert: Katie Armiger in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation.org.

12-May 28 Memoir Writers at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. Thursdays, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Record and share memories of life and family with a group of friendly people. Participants are invited to bring their lunch. Please pre-register for this program. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit www.tcfl.org.

12-April 16 Children’s Class: Cartooning with Adobe Illustrator with Christopher Pittman at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Thursdays from 4:30 to 5:30

13 Concert: Livingston Taylor at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation. org.

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March Calendar 13,27 Meeting: Vets Helping Vets at VFW Post 5246 in Federalsburg. 9 a.m. Informational meeting to help vets find services and information. For more info. tel: 410-943-8205 after 4 p.m. 14 St. Paddy’s Day 5K/10K and Fun Walk through Denton. Registration begins at 7:30 a.m. at Frettered Center, 107 S. 4th St. Leprechaun Dash at 8:30 a.m. for ages 3 to 5. Race begins at 9 a.m. There will be giveaways, crafts, face painting and live music. For more info. tel: 410-479-8120 or visit www.carolinerecreation. org. 14 Friends of the Librar y Second Saturday Book Sale at the Dorchester County Public Library, Cambridge. 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-2287331 or visit www.dorchesterlibrary.org. 14

T he Q ue en A n ne’s C ou nt y Library in Centreville to offer individual tutoring sessions on resume, cover letter writing, resume editing, completing online applications and interviewing. You must register at the circulation desk with morning and afternoon slots available. You may also call the library at 410758-0980.

14 Open Collage Studio with Susan Stewart at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Museum membership required. For more info. tel: 410-226-5742. 14 Workshop: St. Michaels A r t League presents Intro to iPhone Photography with Karen Klinedinst at the Talbot Country Free Library, St. Michaels. Noon to 4 p.m. Art League members $55, non-members $75 . For more info. and to register visit www. smartleague.org. 14 The Met: Live in HD with La Donna del Lago by Rossini at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 1 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation. org. 14 Second Saturdays at the Artsway from 2 to 4 p.m., 401 Market Street, Denton. Interact w ith a r t i s t s a s t he y demon s t r ate their work. For more info. tel: 410 -479 -1009 or v isit www. carolinearts.org. 14 Chesapeake Beach Resort and Spa Br idal Show from 2 to 5 p.m. Experience a magnificent afternoon planning your wedding at Maryland’s favorite waterfront resort. $8 in advance, $10 at the door. For more info. tel: 410-257-2735 or visit www. chesapeakebeachresortspa.com.

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14 Second Saturday in Historic Downtown Cambridge on Race, Poplar, Muir and High streets. Shops will be open late. Galleries will be opening new shows and holding receptions. Restaurants will feature live music. For more i n fo. v i sit w w w.c ambr idge mainstreet.com. 14 St. Patrick’s Day Celebration Dinner and Concert at the Oxford Community Center. Wear green and spend a delightful evening with food, friends and lively entertainment. Shepherd’s pie is on the menu with a concert by Free ‘n Eazy. 6 p.m. $25 and cash bar. Reservations required by March 6. For more info. tel: 410-2265904 or visit www.occ.org. 14 Concert: Radio Edit in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. Two shows ~ 7 and 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation. org. 14,21,28 Class: Clean, Beautiful

Color ~ How to Mi x It! w it h Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. $115 members, $145 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. 14,28 Country Church Breakfast at Faith Chapel & Trappe United Methodist Churches in Wesley Ha l l, Trappe. 7:30 to 10:30 a.m. TUMC is also the home of “Martha’s Closet” Yard Sale and C om mu n it y O ut re ach Store, open during the breakfast and every Wednesday from 8:30 a.m. to noon. 14,28 Cooking Demonstration and Lunch with celebrity chef Mark Salter at the Robert Morris Inn, Oxford. 10 a.m. demonstration, noon lunch. $68 per person with limited guest numbers. March 14 ~ Local Black Bottom Farm Pork, March 28 ~ Celebrated Potato Dishes. For more info. tel: 410-226-5111.

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March Calendar 14-April 5 Mid-Shore Student Art Exhibition at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Grades K-8 opening reception on March 17 from 4:30 to 6 p.m.; Grades 9-12 reception on March 19 from 5:30 to 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 410822-ARTS (2787) or visit www. academyartmuseum.org. 15 3rd Annual Icebreaker Open from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Hyatt Regency River Marsh Golf Club, Cambr idge. Br ing your clubs out of hibernation for a scramble event with a twist. For more info. tel: 410-901-6397. 15 Christ Church Concert Series at Christ Episcopal Church, Cambridge. 4 p.m. The Mid-Shore Community Band will play Irish music. $10, students free. Recep-

Keb’ Mo’

tion after the concert. For more info. tel: 410-228-3161 or visit www.christchurchcambridge. org. 15-16 Concer t: Keb’ Mo’ at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation. org. 16 Book Discussion: “They” by Sue Ellen Thompson at the Talbot County Free Librar y, Easton. 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit www.tcfl.org. 17 St. Patrick’s Day Celebration and Sock Burning in St. Michaels. Festivities begin at 8 a.m. Join a scavenger hunt, family-friendly games, potato sack races, and other kids activities, at Muskrat Park. Ir ish cost ume contest, Irish Wake Procession and Wake at Marcoritav ille. Shamrocks and festively decorated shopping carts adorn the entrance of Carpenter Street Saloon along Talbot Street in St. Michaels. Shopping cart races at midnight on March 17. For more info. tel: 410-745-0411. 17 Movie at Noon at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. The Fault in Our Stars is about two young cancer patients coping with their disease through reading each other’s

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March Calendar favorite book. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit www. tcfl.org. 17 St. Patrick’s Day Parade and Events in dow ntow n Easton. The day ’s fe st iv it ie s include an interfaith service at Temple B’nai Israel, an afternoon tea, at 4 p.m., children’s crafts and activities, and a parade through downtown Easton at 5 p.m. Following the parade, and in front of the Courthouse on Washington Street, will be the famous Potato Race! 17 Academy for Lifelong Learning: Meet the Author ~ Sue Ellen Thompson on the poem “They.” 10:30 a.m. to noon in the Van Lennep Auditorium, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. For enrollment details tel: 410-745-4941. 18 St. Paul’s Soup Day from 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. at St. Paul’s United Methodist Church, Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-1424 or visit www.stpaulscambridge. com. 18 Meeting: Dorchester Caregivers Support Group from 3 to 4 p.m. at Pleasant Day Adult Medical Day Care, Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-0190.

18 Meeting: St. Michaels Book Club will discuss M. L. Stedman’s The Light Between the Oceans at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 3 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit www. tcfl.org. 19 Meeting: Stroke Survivors Support Group at Pleasant Day Medical Adult Day Care, Cambridge. 1 to 2 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-228-0190. 19 Third Thursday in downtown Denton from 5 to 7 p.m. Shop for one-of-a-kind floral arrangements, gifts and home decor, dine out on a porch with views of the Choptank River, or enjoy a stroll around town as businesses extend their hours. For more info. tel: 410-479-0655. 19 Concert: The Henry Girls in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation.org. 20 Soup Day at the St. Michaels Community Center. Choose from three delicious soups for lunch. $6 meal deal. Each meal comes w ith a bowl of soup, roll and drink. Take out or eat in. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073. 20 Pro Bono Legal Clinic at the Dorchester County Public Li-

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seat at the Presbyterian Church of Chestertown for the 8 p.m. concert Friday, March 20, or the 3 p.m. matinee Saturday, March 21. No tickets sold. Suggested donation is $15 with children free. For more info. tel: 410-928-5566 or visit www.chesterriverchorale.org.

brary. 1 to 3 p.m. on the third Friday of each month. For more info. tel: 410-690-8128. 20 Concert: Jeff Miller in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www. avalonfoundation.org. 20 -21 C oncer t: Play It A ga in, Sammy ~ With its spring concert in March, the Chester River Chorale is celebrating its 15th season. Because we are reprising some songs from prior concerts ~ and honoring our accompanist, Sam Marshall ~ we are calling this spring sing “Play It Again, Sammy.� Come early to get your

21 Indoor Craft and Yard Sale sponsored by the Caroline County 4-H at the 4-H Park, Denton. 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. Food available for purchase. For more info. tel: 410-714-0807. 21 Book Signing featur ing Bill R app signing Tears of Inno cence. 1 to 3 p.m. at Myster y

Adopt a shelter dog or cat today Get free pet care information Spay or neuter your pet for a longer life Volunteer your services to benefit the animals 410-822-0107 www.talbothumane.org 211


March Calendar

with advance ticket purchases recommended. Throughout the week, participating restaurants will treat lucky guests to special prices and menus. Two-course lunches w ill be available for $20.15, while three-course dinners are priced at $35.15. Prices do not include tax, tip, or beverages. For more info. tel: 410770-8000.

L oves Company, Ox ford. For more info. tel: 410-226-0010 or v isit www.mysterylovescompany.com. 21 Classic French Wine Dinner with celebrity chef Henry Miller at Two if by Sea Restaurant, Tilghman. 7 p.m. $55 per person. For more info. tel: 410-886-2447. 21 Murder Mystery Dinner Theatre at Todd Performing Arts Center, Chesapeake College, Wye Mills. Get this soiree back on track by trading clues, gathering information, and solving the crime before the masked menace gets away! $45. For more info. tel: 410-827-5867.

24 Craft: Pastel Spring Wreaths ~ Learn how to design a pastel tulle wreath you can embellish with bows, f lowers, and/or Easter decorations at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 10:30 to 11:30 a.m. Class size is limited, so please register early. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit www.tcfl.org.

21 Concert: Van Williamson Quartet in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation.org.

24 Meeting: Breast Cancer Support Group at UM Regional Breast Center, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1000, ext. 5411.

22-28 Talbot Restaurant Week ~ Restaurant Week begins with a fabulous launch party on March 22, when The Oaks Waterfront Inn in Royal Oak opens its doors for Celebrate Talbot! Sample, Sip and Savor from 2 to 4 p.m. Chefs from local restaurants and food businesses offer generous tastings of their finest dishes. The price is $40 per person,

24 Meeting: Women Supporting Women, lo c a l bre a st c a nc er support group, meets at Christ Episcopal Church, Cambridge. 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-463-0946. 25 Zion Soup Day from 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. at Zion United Methodist Church, Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-4910.

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March Calendar

26-29 Heart and Music ~ The Best and More presented by the Behavioral Health and Rape Crisis Center at For All Seasons. The gala fundraiser will be March 26 at the Oxford Community Center. Tickets are $100. Regular price performances are $20 adults and $5 students, Fri. and Sat., 8 p.m. and Sun., 2 p.m., all at OCC. For more info. tel: 443-258-2130.

25 Music Lecture: What Makes Frank Sinatra Great, presented by Professor Anna Celenza from Georgetown University, at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 6 p.m. $15 members, $20 nonmembers. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org. 26 Academy for Lifelong Learning: The Railroads of Delmarva ~ A Retrospective with Steve Spielman. 10:30 a.m. to noon in the Van Lennep Auditorium, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. $10. For enrollment details tel: 410-745-4941. 26 Concert: 10 String Symphony in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation.org.

27 Concert: Jim Brickman at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation.org. 27-28 Consignment Capers Sale at the Women’s Club of St. Michaels. 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-745-6950. 28 Music and Dinner featuring Claire Anthony at the Robert Morris Inn, Oxford. 5 p.m. Anthony, a talented folk/Indie/ acoustic musician will perform by the Tavern fireside while you enjoy a delicious meal. $. For more info. tel: 410-226-5904 or visit www.occ.org. 28 Concert: Hannah Gill Band in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit www.avalonfoundation.org. 28-29 Eastern Shore Sea Glass and Coastal Art Festival at Ophiu-

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31-May 19 Class: Figure Drawing with Patrick Meehan at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Tuesdays from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. $245 members, $270 nonmembers. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org.

roidea in St. Michaels. Over 25 artisans will share their one-ofa-kind jewelry, home decor and art. 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-745-8057 or visit www.ophiuroida.com.

31-May 19 Class: Head Drawing Fundamentals with Patrick Meehan at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Tuesdays from 1:30 to 4:30 p.m. $245 members, $270 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit www.academyartmuseum.org.

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March 2015 ttimes web magazine  

March 2015 Tidewater Times

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