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Tidewater Times

June 2017

Historic St. Michaels and Easton MULBERRY ST. One of St. Michaels’ treasures, the “Keithley House” was built in 1786, expanded in 1860, and restored with quality and care in 2008. The beautifully landscaped, irrigated yard features 200-year-old grapevines, privacy, and room for a pool or garage. The gracious home has three woodburning fireplaces, wood floors throughout, and a wonderful covered front porch. Located right in the heart of town with the harbor at the end of the street and St. Mary’s Square behind it, this house is a must see! $785,000 S. HARRISON ST. Located on one of Easton’s most popular blocks, this stately Victorian was built as a boarding house in 1905, and it retains its original character - the grand staircase, wood floors throughout, huge pocket doors, wraparound porch, high ceilings - combined with updated kitchen and baths. Large, private back yard with parking and plenty of room for a pool. With 3 levels of living space and 6 bedrooms, there is room for everyone! The Academy Art Museum, Avalon Theatre and restaurants are just up the street. $649,000

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Tidewater Times

Since 1952, Eastern Shore of Maryland Vol. 66, No. 1

Published Monthly

June 2017

Features: About the Cover Artist: Nancy Hammond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Strange Magic: Helen Chappell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Digital Archives Open Hidden Treasures: Dick Cooper . . . . . . . . . 25 John Rousmaniere Interview: Margaret L. Andersen . . . . . . . . . . 45 Tidewater Kitchen: Pamela Meredith-Doyle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Chamber Music Festival Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Taking the Shore by Paddleboard: Michael Valliant . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Tidewater Gardening: K. Marc Teffeau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Innovation on the Chesapeake: Gary D. Crawford . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 Changes ~ Foiled Again - Part II: Roger Vaughan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Cruise Away to Maryland’s Eastern Shore: Ann Powell . . . . . . . 175

Departments: June Tide Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Dorchester Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Easton Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 St. Michaels Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Oxford Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Tilghman - Bay Hundred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Kent County and Chestertown at a Glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Queen Anne’s County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 Caroline County - A Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 June Calendar of Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 David C. Pulzone, Publisher · Anne B. Farwell, Editor P. O. Box 1141, Easton, Maryland 21601 102 Myrtle Ave., Oxford, MD 21654 410-226-0422 FAX : 410-226-0411

Tidewater Times is published monthly by Tidewater Times Inc. Advertising rates upon request. Subscription price is $25.00 per year. Individual copies are $4. Contents of this publication may not be reproduced in part or whole without prior approval of the publisher. The publisher does not assume any liability for errors and/or omissions.



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About the Cover Artist Nancy Hammond All her prints and original paintings can be seen at her gallery, located at 192 West Street, Annapolis. All works are displayed on walls of corresponding color and are handsomely framed. The staff offers framing advice and consultations with a full range of framing samples. Open Monday ~ Saturday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. and Sunday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. For more info. and directions to the gallery, tel: 410-295-6612 or visit Windswept is the title of this month’s cover.

Nancy Hammond is a painter who loves water life. Boatyards, black labs, crab feasts, tropical ports and iridescent fish are all scenes from her life of living near the water. She grew up in Schenectady and Skaneateles, near the Finger Lakes in upstate New York. For many years, she cruised the Chesapeake on the sloop Northern Spy. She majored in painting at the Rhode Island School of Design, and her work has since been chosen to be exhibited in many galleries, including the Baltimore Museum of Art and Maryland Institute of Art. Hammond began her Chesapeake work with series of silkscreen prints. Since then, she has produced custom-designed scarves, jewelry, shirts, place mats, ties and a series of etched crystal. Archival giclée prints are color-matched to her original works. Notecards and Christmas cards are favorites of her patrons. A phenomenon was created when Nancy Hammond began offering an annual lithograph poster, signed and numbered in Annapolis. The release of this poster caused long lines every year that stretched for blocks through the night. The tradition of a limited edition annual poster, now a Chesapeake poster, continues today. Nancy Hammond Editions publishes Hammond’s work exclusively.

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Strange Magic: More Shoes and the Witch Bottle by Helen Chappell

“When we renovated our old house, we found an old shoe hidden behind the plaster and lathing,” my caller said. “Since you wrote about shoes a couple of months ago, and we enjoyed that column so much, we wish we could have told you about this back then.” It always interests me how one thing can lead to another. My friends had purchased a place near Crapo as a second home, and when I met them, they were in the process of renovating and upgrading a place whose original rooms probably dated back at least 300 years. It had been added onto over the years, but mostly by rack of eye. Avid bird watchers, they chose lower Dorchester for the abundance of waterfowl and other avian residents. No one told them the mosquito was the Eastern Shore state bird, so their do-it-yourself reno was limited to the cooler months, and was going quite slowly. They’d been working on it for about a year before they tore out an interior wall around an old fireplace. And there, to their surprise, inside the wall beside the hearth, stuck between the layers of brick

and debris, they found a well-worn shoe. The single shoe is leather, either a small woman’s or a child’s, and cracked with age and damp. It once had what we think was a shoestring, and it is brownish in color. This wasn’t the first time I’d heard of an old shoe found in the wall of an old house. Holding something that was probably 200 years old gave me a feeling for the people who lived and died there, some of who were probably buried in the small overgrown family cemetery on the property. Maybe the original wearer of that shoe was out there. Happily for me, I’d just read an 9

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Strange Magic article in Archeology Magazine about a 17th-century shoe found in the wall of an office in one of the colleges at Oxford ~ so “Little Miss Know-It-All” was prepared. The Oxford (England) shoe was a wellworn workman’s show from the 18th century, placed there during the original construction. Apparently, the European custom of concealing a shoe in a wall during construction dates back to at least the 1300s. A museum in England has some thousand shoes, mostly from the 19th century. They’ve been found everywhere, from private dwellings, to pubs and monasteries and public buildings.

It’s thought that concealing a shoe during construction, usually around the hearth, a doorway, or a foundation, was meant as a charm against ghosts, evil spirits and witches. After all, these are the entries most likely frequented by suSTILL LIFE PET PORTRAITS LANDSCAPE/SCENES


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Strange Magic

While it’s a curiosity, it’s not uncommon in really old houses in parts of the New World, settled by English people. Early colonists brought their customs and beliefs with them, after all. Customs, beliefs and spells traveled here from Africa as well, but they are a subject for another column. It’s enough to tackle the English, for now. If you should happen to reno-

pernatural creatures. It is also speculated that the shoe was a fertility charm. It may date back as far as Roman Britain, rooted in pagan customs. Perhaps it’s an atavistic throwback to the times when an animal was placed in the cornerstone of a building or bridge as a kind of guardian spirit, a locum sanctii to watch over and protect the construction. The single shoe turns up frequently in the United States, Canada and Australia. In the United States, it is most common in New England and the northeast. Interestingly enough, most of those discovered are dated to the 19th century.

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Strange Magic vate and come across a shoe, it’s considered wise to leave it where you found it, because it guards the house. To remove it is to invite bad things into your home. When I was a child, we found a wooden sole in the crawl space of one of the houses on our farm in the Neck District of Dorchester. At the time, the grown-ups thought it was a remnant of a wooden shoe, such as were worn by the Dutch. There was some historical idea that people from the Netherlands had settled in that area. Looking back, I think it was what was left of a pattern ~ a kind of wooden clog that one tied over one’s shoes to protect them when working in barnyard muck or mud. For many years, it sat on a table in the central hall, and then disappeared as mysteriously as it appeared. Not too long ago, I met a retired clinical psychologist who worked on the Lower Shore for many years. We got into a talk about Eastern Shore superstitions and folklore, and he assured me that among his elderly patients, there was still a firm belief in the existence of witches and ghosts. He also told me about the witch bottle, another charm carried from England to ward away evil. The witch bottle dates back at least to the Middle Ages. Essentially, one took a pottery or glass jug, filled it

with urine, fingernails, hair, herbs, pins, or whatever else struck your fancy. Apparently the urine was the magic ingredient. Then you sealed it with a cork and jammed straight pins into said cork. The witch bottle was then buried under the doorstep or under the hearth, and was supposed to keep those witches from crossing the threshold. Since there was a documented witch trial on the Eastern Shore 20

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Strange Magic

matter it might have contained. It’s now at the Jefferson Patterson Park Museum in St. Leonard, Maryland. It is the only known witch bottle from this region, but I can’t help but wonder how many others were tossed aside during renovation, or are still lying in the ground around here, waiting to be discovered.

in the 17th century, it’s clear that people really believed and practiced these protective spells they carried across the Atlantic with them. And apparently, some lingering cultural beliefs are still out there among the elderly. Who knows if they’re dying out, or just so much a part of everyday life, no one thinks about them anymore. So far, only one fragment of a witch bottle has turned up on the Eastern Shore. Archeologists examining former structures at Horn Point found the neck of a glass wine bottle fi lled with copper pins. The rest of the bottle was long gone, as was any urine, hair or other organic

Helen Chappell is the creator of the Sam and Hollis mystery series and the Oysterback stories, as well as The Chesapeake Book of the Dead. Under her pen name, Rebecca Baldwin, she has published a number of historical novels.




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Digital Archives Open Hidden Treasures of the Past by Dick Cooper

Random bits of personal informat ion, of ten in shor t, clipped sentences and seldom containing more than two dozen words, f low from one to the next in neat columns on the computer screen. George Bevan of Hillsboro just took a new job as a factory rep for a Michigan company. Howard Jones, a carpenter, has been working in Wilmington but is now home in Denton. Eugene Anderson and his mother are back from a trip to Baltimore. The President of the United

States sent the name of the man he wants to be his new Attorney General to the Senate for confirmation hearings. Lulu Downes of Tuckahoe Neck visited her relative, Anita, in Bridgetown. Tilghman Lockerman tripped while running and broke his arm. The doctor set the arm and he’s okay. These little blurbs may read like Facebook posts or Twitter tweets, but they predate the Internet. They are lifted from the pages of the April 26, 1890, edition of the Denton


Digital Archives Journal. While smartphones, f latpanel televisions and virtual-reality goggles have grabbed the public’s attention, a quiet but revolutionary industr y has been digitizing old records from governments, businesses, libraries and newspapers and turning them into searchable databases. In this hyper-connected world, where no event is too sma l l or self-centered to escape the need to share, we tend to think of social media as a phenomenon that sprang fully formed from a sudden burst of computer code. We forget that mankind’s affinity for gossip, opinion and mindless banter is a preexisting condition. Nothing proves that more than reading through the

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Digital Archives

information were limited only by the lack of imagination. Through a combination of initially unrelated technologies developed over two centuries, words and images can be sorted, linked and displayed in seconds. Searches can be made by name and date. Thanks to public and private efforts to digitize documents, recorded history is no longer moldering in cellars and attics. In the early 2000s, my colleague Michael Panzer and I began building a digital archive of the Inquirer’s Civil War coverage. Olive Software, an Israeli firm, converted the microfilm of all of the newspaper’s page s f rom 1860 t h roug h 1865 into a searchable database. Almost daily for the next few years, we experimented with the search engine, fine-tuned the format and talked to historians who were interested in using the new product for their research. One thing we found most useful, and actually quite exciting, was the ability to search across the entire five years of newspapers for one name. During the Civil War, the

pages of digital newspaper archives. Events lost in the cobwebs of history are told in breathless prose. Wellknown events become clearer when told by eyewitnesses or experienced first-hand by reporters. I first got excited about the value of old news late in my career as a newspaperman, but, as it often is with the newly converted, I’ve become a zealot. Few other tools give journalists, researchers and historians a closer vantage of the past. Almost 20 years ago, after spending close to three decades as a traditional reporter and editor immersed in telling readers what happened today, I found myself assigned to manage the News Research Library that served staffs of The Philadelphia Inquirer and the Daily News. Part of my mission was to find ways to make money from the deep and varied work that the papers had stored away for more than 150 years. One of the skilled librarians sat me down and patiently explained what databases were and how to search them. I was a “f lat-text” guy whose job was to put ink on paper. What she unveiled was a threedimensional world where correctly used sy mbols, quote marks and ampersands roamed through the Internet assembling facts and pulling them into useable documents. I realized that the uses of digitized 28

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Digital Archives

decided it did not fit its corporate profile. It was never released to the public. The newspaper was sold five times in the next 10 years, and the Inquirer’s Civil War Archive floated away into cyberspace. But other entities, including the Ma r yla nd St ate A rch ive s, have been actively scanning some of the earliest state records and making them available to the public through the internet. If you want to read t he records of colonia l gover nment actions from 1638, or antiimmigration rants against French Catholics for Acadia by the editor of the Maryland Gazette during the French and Indian War, they are on the state’s website. The Library of Congress has almost 12 million

Inquirer published the name, military unit and battle of every Union soldier who was killed or wounded during that incredibly bloody war. The Inquirer aggressively covered the Civil War with a team of excellent reporters who filed gripping accounts of battles under the headline “Eyew itness Repor ts.” Technology had not advanced far enough to reproduce photographs on newsprint, but the paper’s artists turned out detailed woodcut images of battle maps and historic scenes to illustrate the front pages. Our project was almost ready to launch as a pay-for-use service in 2004, when our parent company

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Digital Archives, a subsidiary of the ubiquitous website. For a monthly or annual fee, subscribers are given access to every word printed in thousands of newspapers dating from the mid-1700s right up until last week. “Ancestry launched Newspapers. com in 2012. At the time, it included 25 million pages from more than 800 newspapers,” according to an e-mail from Dallin Hatch, Public Relations Manager for Ancestry. com. “We have since grow n the d at aba se to i nclude more t ha n 275 million pages from more than 5,000 newspapers, with millions of additional pages added ever y month. Historians, genealogists, researchers, teachers, and family historians comprise a large bulk of our customer base.” Among those publications available through are 29 Maryland newspapers, including the Easton Star-Democrat from 1870 to 2017 and the Denton Journal from 1870 to 1965. Newspapers themselves have always known the value of well-kept records, long before the advent of the internet and computers. When I started reporting right out of college in 1969, a day of my orientation was spent in the library ~ we called it “the morgue” ~ learning how to dig out clips from the systematically filed folders to find out what the paper had written before we started a new story. The librarians

newspaper pages searchable on its website covering a span from 1789 to 1924. One of the more popular commercial pur veyors of newspaper archives is the appropriately named



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Digital Archives

vention track, scientists were working on optical character recognition techniques, known simply as OCR, that would convert printed text into sounds to allow blind people access to books. In t he 1970s, w it h t he aid of high-resolution digital scanners, the t wo disciplines intersected. Over the next several years, versions of searchable newspapers were developed by several companies and institutions. Among the leaders in the field were scientists at Brigham Young University who were interested in using the new internet to help fellow Mormons trace their genealogy. Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints are encouraged to build family trees that will allow their deceased relatives to be baptized. Newspapers are among the important resources used in their searches. grew out of those beginnings, and Newspapers. com was a natural spinoff. I have found that part of the fun of writing about local and regional history is in the digging. Like any other story that takes effort, your pursuit for facts and information can take you down blind alleys and around corners you never expected. While digging around the digital dust, I recently found stories in the 1911 Baltimore Sun about the jaded and forgotten past of well-known Eastern Shore figures. Several years ago, while working on a Tidewater

took their work seriously, because a misplaced file could lead to an error in a story that could cause a correction or even a retraction, a situation to be avoided at all costs. Countless times over the years, that practice prevented humiliating mistakes. One of the ways newspapers in the last half of the 20th century preserved and stored their archives was to have all of their pages microfilmed, with copies sent to the Library of Congress as a backup. On an unrelated development and in-



Digital Archives Times story about the history of the C & D Canal, I found stories from the 1870s, ’80s and ’90s about plans for eight other canal routes from the Chesapeake to the Delaware Bay. While tracking down details on another story about Two Johns on the Choptank River south of Denton, I found several accounts of a grand party held at the home of the vaudevillians for whom the location is named. Stories about that party had been retold several times over the ensuing century, and each time the events were modified, amplified and fabricated. An eyewitness account by the editor of the Denton Journal who attended the party appeared six days later in the June 28, 1884 edition of his paper and set the record straight. One of the dangers of spending time researching old newspapers is the distinct possibility that you will get lost deep in the fascinating stories you find in and around your search fields. I started out looking for some background for the current opioid addiction epidemic that has reached the Eastern Shore. The story took me deeper and deeper as I came across similar scourges over the last 200 years, and followed the course of drug abuse through American history. On a lighter note, the community news and advertising in the old newspapers are almost as interest-

ing as the big stories of the day. The lack of federal drug regulations left the gate wide open for ads touting salves, pills and potions to cure whatever ails you, and some that claimed they would cure everything that could go wrong if taken every day. “Choice Liquors, for Medical Purposes” were offered for sale, and omnibus operators offered to convey visitors arriving by steamboat to all of Easton’s hotels. Most of the community newspapers on the Eastern Shore in the 1800s were locally owned and did little to mask the opinions of the editor and publisher, who were often the same person. The Denton Jour nal was a folk sy four-page 38


Digital Archives

business arrangement with The newspaper is one of the 5,000 available online, and all of the paper’s Civil War coverage can now be searched by the general public, for a fee.

weekly that billed itself as a family newspaper with the motto “Devoted to Local and General Intelligence, Agriculture and Advertising. Independent on all Subjects. Subscription, One Dollar per Annum. In Advance.” The Easton Star boasted on the front page that it was “Devoted to Politics, Literature, Agriculture, Foreign and Domestic News.” Its subscription fee was “Two Dollars Cash in Advance, or Two Dollars Fifty Cents if not in Advance. Clubs of Twenty, $30 in Advance.” In a “what goes around comes around” moment last fall, I learned that the new owners of The Philadelphia Inquirer have worked out a

Dick Cooper is a Pulitzer Prizewinning journalist. An eBook anthology of his writings for the Tidewater Times and other publications, East of the Chesapeake: Skipjacks, Flyboys and Sailors, True Tales of the Eastern Shore, is now available at Dick and his wife, Pat, live and sail in St. Michaels, Maryland. He can be reached at

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EDGE CREEK ROAD - Charming and comfortable Edge Creek waterfront on 1.52 landscaped acres. Open floor plan of family room, living room, kitchen and dining areas all overlooking southern waterfront vistas. 5 bedrooms, 4 baths, his/her craft rooms, laundry room, upstairs and downstairs master bedrooms and oversized 2-car garage. Boat lift, 4’ MLW and county sewer. $1,100,000

WHEELER PARK CIRCLE - Wonderfully appointed Colonial in Cooke’s Hope on a corner lot. Covered front porch, balcony, fenced yard and 2-car attached garage. Spacious living areas including den over garage and rec room on 3rd floor. 2 master suites, one on main level. Kitchen with stainless steel appliances, island and fireplace. $568,000

CAMPER CIRCLE - Updated 2-story Harris Creek waterfront. Upstairs deck, 3 bedrooms, 2.5 baths, sun room, family room, living room, dining room and kitchen/breakfast area with updated appliances, granite counters and tile floors. Screened porch, 6’ MLW pier with 2 slips and 200’ of rip-rapped bulkhead. $569,900

LONGWOODS ROAD - Very private 12.87 acres waiting for your dream home plus guest home if you so desire !! No homeowner fees and no town taxes. Recorded plat with approved perc. Backs to a stream and surrounded by beautiful trees, and acreage which is presently farmed. $345,000


Benson & Mangold Real Estate, LLC 27999 Oxford Road, Oxford, MD 21654 C 410-310-6356 · O 410-822-1415 41



OXFORD, MD 1. Thurs. 2. Fri. 3. Sat. 4. Sun. 5. Mon. 6. Tues. 7. Wed. 8. Thurs. 9. Fri. 10. Sat. 11. Sun. 12. Mon. 13. Tues. 14. Wed. 15. Thurs. 16. Fri. 17. Sat. 18. Sun. 19. Mon. 20. Tues. 21. Wed. 22. Thurs. 23. Fri. 24. Sat. 25. Sun. 26. Mon. 27. Tues. 28. Wed. 29. Thurs. 30. Fri.


10:06 11:04 12:53 1:46 2:33 3:15 3:53 4:29 5:03 5:36 6:11 6:48 7:29 8:13 9:01 9:52 10:47 11:45 12:45 1:40 2:34 3:28 4:20 5:13 6:05 6:56 7:48 8:40 9:31

JUNE 2017 AM


Stay at Campbell’s while visiting historic Oxford, Maryland

5:20 10:55 4:25 6:07 11:56 5:40 6:50 12:01 6:51 7:30 12:54 7:57 8:06 1:44 8:56 8:40 2:31 9:48 3:16 10:36 9:14 3:59 11:19 9:48 4:42 11:58 10:25 5:25 12:34 pm 11:04 6:07 1:09 pm 11:45 1:44 6:50 7:34 12:28 2:19 2:55 8:20 1:16 3:32 9:08 2:10 4:11 10:00 3:11 4:52 10:54 4:22 5:35 11:50 5:38 6:20 6:55 7:08 12:45 8:05 7:58 1:45 9:10 2:44 10:09 8:50 3:42 11:04 9:45 4:40 11:55 10:42 5:37 12:45 pm 11:41 1:33 6:33 7:30 12:43 2:20 3:06 8:29 1:47 3:52 9:28 2:54 4:36 10:29 4:05

Transient Slips Available at all locations $2.00/ft./night + electricity Floating docks @ Jacks Pt. Groups Welcome!

SHARP’S IS. LIGHT: 46 minutes before Oxford TILGHMAN: Dogwood Harbor same as Oxford EASTON POINT: 5 minutes after Oxford CAMBRIDGE: 10 minutes after Oxford CLAIBORNE: 25 minutes after Oxford ST. MICHAELS MILES R.: 47 min. after Oxford WYE LANDING: 1 hr. after Oxford ANNAPOLIS: 1 hr., 29 min. after Oxford KENT NARROWS: 1 hr., 29 min. after Oxford CENTREVILLE LANDING: 2 hrs. after Oxford CHESTERTOWN: 3 hrs., 44 min. after Oxford

3 month tides at 43

Bachelor Point · 410.226.5592 Jack’s Point · 410.226.5105 Town Creek · 410.226.0213


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Circa 1900, this beautifully renovated home offers fireplace, wood floors, great kitchen, 2 screened porches, and off-street parking. St. Michaels $489,000



This 3,300 square foot building offers prime location on Talbot Street with great foot traffic and visibility, plus driveway. (Sale of real estate only) $599,000

Desirable 2 bedroom, 2 bath home offers wood floors, gas fireplace, sun room, patio with awning, irrigation system, and more. Easton $289,000

Chris Young Benson and Mangold Real Estate 24 N. Washington Street, Easton, MD 21601 410-310-4278 ¡ 410-770-9255 44

John Rousmaniere Interview by Margaret L. Andersen

John Rousmaniere, who spoke at the Oxford Community Center on May 3, is one of the world’s leading yachtsmen. He has written over 30 books on sailing, maritime history, and safety at sea, plus countless articles. Tallying more than 40,000 miles of bluewater sailing, John Rousmaniere has received numerous awards for his writing and his contributions to safety at sea. Among his books is his gripping account of the 1979 Fastnet race, Fastnet, Force 10, which has been lauded as among the best of books on the sea. Interviewed here, he talks about his work and his passion for sailing and those who take to the sea.

~ Photo by Chip Adams

John Rousmaniere

At what point in your life did you realize that all things sailing would define your work and your passion? Raised as I was in a verbal, bookish family with two heritages (Texas and New England), and also being somewhat shy, I was drawn to writing. In college at Columbia University, I edited the school paper and earned an MA in American history, which I later taught at West Point. Add all that to my passion for sailing and boats ~

their history, their people, and their technology ~ after the Army I was lucky to find a job at Yachting magazine, then the sport’s leading publication. I’ve written on many topics, including business history and the history of New York City, but boating is my big specialty. You have written over 30 books on seamanship, sailing, maritime history and other topics. Do you have a particular favorite? 45

John Rousmaniere The Annapolis Book of Seamanship, my instructional book (named for one of the great centers of sailing), is right up there. I’ve put more than 10 years of my life into that book in all its editions, the fourth of which was recently published by Simon & Schuster. The challenge is to be thorough, technically accurate, clear, and also personable, all at once. I have a brilliant collaborator in Mark Smith, who did the illustrations and design. It also has helped that I have been quite active in the safety-at-sea training movement that arose after the 1979 Fastnet Race storm, in which I sailed and about which I wrote

another of my favorites, Fastnet, Force 10. I spoke at the first post-Fastnet safety seminar, at the Naval Academy in January 1980. All those safety seminars that I moderated and spoke at across the country kept me in touch with the needs and fears of average sailors.

At Historic Linchester Mill

You describe your life as a bluewater sailor as “avoiding complacency.” Can you tell me more about that? As a writer, you are known for documenting some of the most well-known yachts and sailing races, as well as promoting safety at sea. Were you advising sailors of the Chesapeake Bay on some of the most important lessons you have learned, what would they be? I suppose that the most important lesson for any sailor is “Never

Tandem Antiques has relocated to Preston, MD. (12 Miles from Easton)

Come visit us and tour the 17 acres & Historic Linchester Mill Museum Thurs.-Sat. 10-5 pm & Sun. 11-4 pm 3395 Linchester Rd. Preston 410-829-3559 46






Prominent point of land on the Tred Avon. Pier with lift, beach & beautiful sunset views. $3,400,000

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Beautifully maintained home on 5+ acres, huge barn & pier with floating dock. $599,000

27999 Oxford Road, Oxford, Maryland 21654 Cell: 410.310.2021 | Office: 410.822.1415 | 47

John Rousmaniere

the seas 50-60 feet with gruesome scenes unfolding all around you. How did you keep calm? As one of the watch captains on the Swan 47 Toscana in the 1979 Fastnet race, I was kept focused in large part by my responsibilities. It certainly helped to know that the boat was sound and big enough to get through most of those huge breaking waves. And we had a terrific crew, many of whom had just sailed across the Atlantic. The emotional strain came while I was working on the book and afterwards. Fastnet, Force 10 was the first of several reports that I’ve written about fatal accidents in boats, small and large. The experience can be agonizing. My refuge lies in my religious faith and my family. In addition to your writing, you have sailed many bluewater races and cruises, more than 40,000 miles of them! Other than the Fastnet race, are there particularly memorable moments you can share with our readers? The first of several dicey experiences in the Gulf Stream was also the first of my 20-odd Stream crossings, in a 77-foot ketch. We were beating across the Stream toward Bermuda when a strong northerly kicked up quite a sea. We hauled the cotton storm sails out of the lockers only to discover that all the sail slides had fallen off. After a couple of hours of frantic sewing,

underestimate the power and impulsiveness of nature.” Anybody who’s experienced a black summer squall on the Chesapeake knows at least that much. You really shouldn’t be in charge of a boat until you have some basic technical knowledge and a little experience in smaller boats. You also need good sense, sailing lessons, and a reference book for those times when you’re a little confused. You were onboard a 47-foot sailboat during the now well-known Fastnet race when 15 sailors died. The winds reached 60 knots and 48

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MILES RIVER NECK CAPE COD 4 BR 3.5 BA, stocked pond, room for horses. 2 ac. lot included. Asking $570,000 Call Henner @ 410-829-0698

O.C. VACATION CONDO Thunder Island - Under contract in one day. 2 BR, 2 BA, furnished plus boat slip. $259,000. Call me to find the perfect condo. Call Melissa @ 410-241-7409

INVESTMENT PROPERTY Private 3 BR, 2 BA, close to Rt. 50. Zoned light business commercial. Attached apt. $800 mo. rental income! $199,000. Call Melissa @ 410-241-7409 LOVELY HOME WITH WATER ACCESS 4 BR, 2.5 BA home has open living room with FP, spacious master suite, cook’s kitchen, two porches, huge bonus room, landscaped grounds, attached 2-car garage, barn, workshop and more. A must see at $625,000. Call Joan @ 410-924-2432

101 N. West Street, Easton, MD 21601 Office: 410-820-8000 49

John Rousmaniere

a sailor attentive. One of my favorite sailing writers, Alfred F. Loomis, humorously titled a story about cruising in the Chesapeake “Disgraced Again and Again.” Incidentally, Loomis’ sloop Hotspur is at the Cutts and Case Shipyard in Oxford, and I hope to take a sail in her when I come down for the talk on May 3.

we got the boat settled down. That was my first experience. Recently, while sailing home from Bermuda, a 65-knot gust blew the forestay right out of the deck. Of course, those of us who read Tidewater Times are curious about any experiences you might have had on the Chesapeake Bay. Do you have any favorite cruising grounds here ~ or any you would like to explore? These are wonderful waters, with delightful harbors, but when you say “cruising grounds,” do you also include running aground? The shallow Chesapeake does keep

You have been a prolific writer, and it seems unlikely you will ever stop writing! What can you tell us about your current project? It’s an America’s Cup year, so I’ve been writing stories on the Cup’s remarkable history, including the boat for which the trophy is named, the schooner America.


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410-770-8350 5 South Street, Easton 51

John Rousmaniere

Vanderbilt family, especially the fourth generation that produced a number of fascinating people, including the three-time America’s Cup winner Harold Vanderbilt. To me, boats are interesting ~ but sailors are even more interesting. Margaret (Maggie) Andersen is Rosenberg Professor Emerita at the University of Delaware. Among other books, she is author of On Land and Sea: A Century of Women in the Rosenfeld Collection, published by Mystic Seaport Museum. She and her husband, Richard Rosenfeld, live part-time in Oxford, where they also sail their Tartan 372 Blew Bayou.

Margaret Andersen We’re still learning new things about her. She spent her last quarter century at Annapolis. My current book project concerns the

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I N N AT P E R R Y C A B I N B Y B E L M O N D , S T. M I C H A E L S

THE ACADEMY IS OPEN Sail your way to ASA certification this summer. Our two- and three-day courses are open to all.



Picnics Out on the Boat Some picnics go to sea, and this picnic comes up from the galley, hot and hearty or cold and delicious, depending on the weather. Nippy breezes stimulate sailorsized appetites, quenched only by filling casseroles or hot mugs of soup. Sultry days call for refreshing cold foods, kept chilled in a portable cooler. Hot or cold, your picnic must be shipshape. As every good galley mate knows, there is no room below for confusion or elaborate preparations. Everything down to the last scraped carrot must be prepared at home and taken to the boat, ready to serve. This includes pre-cooked casseroles that are easily reheated. Stick to one-plate casseroles, salads, or cold cuts that are easy on the dishwasher ~ you! Some of the seaworthy recipes were given to me by some Oxford friends.

f lavored with ripe tomatoes! This is just the cozy soup you want when it’s chilly on deck. 3 cups thinly sliced potatoes 2 onions, peeled and chopped 2 T. butter 6 cups sliced, peeled fresh tomatoes, or 3-1/2 cups canned tomatoes 1/2 t. paprika 1/2 t. chervil (opt.) 1/2 t. basil 5 cups organic chicken broth 1 cup heavy cream

GALLEY POTAGE Have a mug of hot potato soup

Peel and slice potatoes. Put them in cold water to prevent dis55

Tidewater Kitchen


Many Changing Seasonally

coloration. Meanwhile, sauté the onions for 5 minutes in the butter. Add the tomatoes and simmer for 20 minutes, covered. Drain the potatoes and add along with the chicken broth. Cook until potatoes are soft and tender. Let soup cool, then put in blender until puréed. Add the cream, reheat and put in a thermos.

Come try our new Summer menu!

Planning a reunion, rehearsal dinner or office party? Check out the Pub’s private and semi-private dining areas. Great for cocktail parties or sit-down meals. Consult with Chef Doug Kirby to create a custom menu that fits your taste and budget.

COLD CLAM BISQUE What could be more refreshing under sail than an icy-cold clam bisque?

Great Food and Drinks in a Cozy Pub Atmosphere

3 7-1/2 oz. cans minced clams 1 t. celery salt 1/4 t. cayenne 1/4 t. thyme 3 cups heavy cream 3 T. chopped chives Put the minced clams with their liquid in a blender. Add the celery salt, cayenne, thyme and 1 cup finely chopped ice. Blend until almost smooth. Remove cover

410·822·1112 20 N. Washington St., Easton 56


Tidewater Kitchen and pour in the cream while the blender is going. Blend for another minute. Sprinkle the soup with chopped chives before serving.

CLAM CHOWDER PIE A variation of traditional chowder, this combines the usual ingredients, but is a little richer and a little clammier. If you can make this with fresh clams, so much the better! 3 large potatoes 3 medium onions, sliced 2 8-oz. bottles clam juice (or more) 6 T. butter 6 T. f lour 2 cups light cream 3 7-1/2-oz. cans chopped clams, drained, or 36 fresh clams 3 7-oz. cans whole Little Neck clams, drained, or 24 fresh clams Sea salt to taste 1-1/2 cups saltine cracker crumbs 2 T. butter 58


Tidewater Kitchen

sailor who vows this is one of the best casseroles af loat. It is also one of the best ashore!

Peel the potatoes and cut them into 1/4-inch pieces. Simmer the potatoes and onions in the clam juice for 10 minutes, or until tender. Drain, reserving the broth. If there is less than 1 cup, you will need to add more clam juice to make up the cup. The liquid varies with the length of time you cook the potatoes and their size. In a large saucepan, melt 6 tablespoons of butter and whisk in f lour. Cook for 1 minute, then gradually stir in the cream to make a thick sauce. Add 1 cup of the reserved broth. Stir the sauce and add the chopped clams, Little Neck clams, cooked potatoes and onions. Salt to taste. Simmer for 2 to 3 minutes. Transfer to a buttered casserole dish and sprinkle the top with saltine crumbs. Dot with 2 tablespoons of butter and bake in a 350° oven until crumbs are lightly browned.

1 can cream of chicken soup 1 can cream of celery soup 1-1/2 cups chicken broth 1 4-oz. can green chilies, chopped 12 corn tortilla, torn into small pieces 3 cups cooked chicken, cut into bite-sized pieces 8 oz. cheddar cheese, grated Mix together the cream of chicken and cream of celery soups, along with the chicken broth, in a large bowl. Add the chopped chilies and tortillas. Let the tortillas soak in the mixture for 30 minutes. Spoon a layer of the soup-tortilla-chili mixture into a large, shallow casserole. Cover with the cooked chicken, then another layer of the soup mixture, and top with grated cheddar. Bake for 25 minutes in a 350° oven until the casserole is hot and bubbling.

TORTILLA CHICKEN CASSEROLE This is a prized recipe from a

ENCORE CASSEROLE Team this hearty casserole with a mixed green salad for a meal to delight a famished crew. It never fails to win an encore for seconds, especially from the men. 1 T. extra-virgin olive oil 1 lb. ground round steak 2 8-oz. cans tomato sauce 60

2 T. melted butter Heat oil in skillet and brown the meat, crumbling it with a fork. Add the tomato sauce, salt, pepper and basil. In a bowl, cream together the cottage cheese, cream cheese, sour cream, green onions and green pepper. Cook the noodles in boiling water with salt for 8 minutes. Drain noodles and toss with melted butter. Place half the noodles in the bottom of a large, shallow buttered casserole dish. Cover with the cheese mixture. Top with the remaining noodles. Pour the meat sauce over the noodles. Bake in a 375° oven for 40 minutes.

1/2 t. sea salt 1/4 t. freshly ground pepper 1/2 t. basil 1 cup cottage cheese 8 oz. cream cheese, softened 3/4 cup sour cream 1/3 cup minced green onions 2 T. minced green pepper 8-oz. pkg. medium-sized noodles 2-1/2 quarts boiling water 1 T. sea salt


Tidewater Kitchen

Your Community Theatre

UPCOMING SHOWS 6/7 - Paolo Alderighi and Stephanie Trick 6/8 - Josh Ritter HELP! FOUR EXTR A GUESTS for DINNER CASSEROLE When friends of friends just happen to turn up for a sail, don’t panic. In your galley you have a casserole that actually EXPANDS! This is a marvelous concoction of ground meat and any canned vegetables handy on the shelf, topped off with a corn muffin crust. This serves 6, but you can expand to feed 8 or more.

6/18 - The Wailers

2 lbs. ground round steak 1 onion, chopped 2 T. extra-virgin olive oil 1/2 t. sea salt 1/2 t. basil 1/2 t. thyme 1/2 t. sea salt 1/2 t. freshly ground pepper 2 15-oz. cans Mexican corn 1 4-oz. can sliced mushrooms

6/29 - Deana Carter singing “Strawberry Wine” For tickets and info. 410-822-7299 or visit 62

1 4-oz. can black olives, pitted and sliced Heat the olive oil in a large pan. Add crumbled meat, onion and salt, and sautÊ until meat is browned. Add the tomatoes, basil, thyme, more salt if you prefer, and pepper. Simmer for 5 minutes. Add the Mexican corn, sliced mushrooms and black olives; simmer another 10 minutes. Serve as is or add a corn muffin crust. Follow package directions for corn muffins, stirring contents of package with beaten egg and milk. Pour the stew into a shallow casserole, pour the corn muffin batter on top, and bake in a 425° oven for 25 minutes, or until crust is golden brown.

Celebrating our 35th Anniversary! On June 2, help us celebrate with drawings, prizes & samples!!

SALAD NICOISE An inspired salad for a picnic, this colorful import from the French Riviera is always a hit. Serve it with a cold soup on sultry days. It can be made well in advance and chilled; it keeps for hours. Serve with hot buttered French bread.

316 Glebe Rd., Easton 410-820-7177 63

Tidewater Kitchen 2 cups canned French-cut green beans, drained 6 small potatoes, cooked and peeled 1 green pepper, seeded and sliced 12 cherry tomatoes 1 large red onion, sliced into thin rings 3 7-oz. cans tuna, drained 1 2-oz. tin f lat anchovies, drained 12 black pitted olives, Greek 1/4 cup finely chopped parsley 3 hard-cooked eggs, quartered Dressing: 1/2 cup extra-virgin olive oil 3 T. wine vinegar 1/2 t. sea salt 2 t. Dijon mustard 1 clove garlic, minced 1/2 t. basil 1/2 t. oregano

onions. The peas are not cooked, which gives them a fresh charm. 2 packages frozen petite peas 1 cup sour cream 6 slices crisply fried bacon, crumbles 6 green onions, sliced 1/2 t. sea salt Thaw the peas, drain, and combine with the sour cream, crumbled bacon, green onions and salt. Toss together in a large bowl and serve, or refrigerate until you are ready to eat.

In a large salad bowl, combine the green beans, potatoes, green pepper, cherry tomatoes, onion rings and tuna. Combine the ingredients for the dressing and toss the salad. Top the salad with f lat anchovies, pitted black olives, parsley, and quartered hardcooked eggs.

A longtime resident of Oxford, Pamela Meredith-Doyle, formerly Denver’s NBC Channel 9 Children’s Chef, now teaches both adult and children’s cooking classes on the south shore of Massachusetts, where she lives with her husband and son. For more of Pam’s recipes, visit the Story Archive tab at

PEA SALAD Peas on a picnic? Yes, indeed, when they are prepared this unique way! These petite peas are enhanced by sour cream, with an accent of crisp bacon and green 64


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Easton Cape Cod situated on 2+ acres, 5 bedrooms including 1st floor master, kitchen open to family room with WBFP, built-in bookcases, rear deck and patio. Serene setting just minutes to Easton. Offered at $575,000

Easton Club Traditional exterior, contemporary interior with open floor plan, 1st floor master, granite counter tops, gas FP, 3-season sunroom and patio. 2nd floor offers 2 extra bedrooms, 2 full baths, plus bonus room. Offered at $439,500

Saint Michaels Custom Beracah home in St. Michaels. Traditional floor plan, en-suite master, 2 extra bedrooms, gourmet kitchen, granite counter tops, SS appliances, WBFP, and rear deck. Offered at $530,000

Ridgely On double corner lot, this Victorian home includes an above-ground pool with deck, mature plantings, garden, original architectural details, formal living and dining rooms, gas FP, wood floors, full basement and walk-up attic. Improvements include tank-less water heater. Offered at $229,000

101 N. West Street, Easton, MD 21601 Office: 410-820-8000 66

Monica Penwell 410-310-0225


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Craig Linthicum


2017 CHAMBER MUSIC FESTIVAL SCHEDULE OF EVENTS · June 4-18 Sunday, June 4 · Avalon Theatre, Easton · 5:30 p.m. Opening Concert: A Tour of the World Artists: Catherine Cho, Todd Phillips, Marcy Rosen, Diane Walsh Tuesday, June 6 · Trinity Cathedral, Easton · 5:30 p.m. Germany Artists: Catherine Cho, Marcy Rosen, Robert McDonald Wednesday, June 7 · Academy Art Museum, Easton · 10 a.m. Open Rehearsal Thursday, June 8 · Tred Avon Yacht Club, Oxford · 5:30 p.m. Austria: Mozart by the Sea and reception Artists: Peggy Pearson, Catherine Cho, Kim Kashkashian, Marcy Rosen, Wei-Ping Chou, Tessa Lark, Dimitri Murrath, Edward Arron, J. Lawrie Bloom, Todd Phillips Friday, June 9 · Christ Church, Easton · 5:30 p.m. United States of America Primosch Quintet for Oboe, Violin, Viola, Cello and Piano (Premiere)** Artists: Catherine Cho, Todd Phillips, Kim Kashkashian, Marcy Rosen, Peggy Pearson, Dimitri Murrath, Edward Arron, Diane Walsh, Tessa Lark

** This work was commissioned for Chesapeake Music through the generosity of Arnold and Zena Lerman

Saturday, June 10 · Academy Art Museum, Easton · 7:30 p.m. France Artists: Diane Walsh, Catherine Cho, Marcy Rosen, J. Lawrie Bloom, Edward Arron, Wei-Ping Chou, Robert McDonald, Tessa Lark, Dimitri Murrath Sunday, June 11 · Aspen Institute · The Inn at River House, Queenstown · 3 p.m. Czech (mates) Artists: J. Lawrie Bloom, Wei-Ping Chou, Diane Walsh, Tessa Lark, Marcy Rosen, Robert McDonald, Todd Phillips, Edward Arron Tuesday, June 13 · Academy Art Museum, Easton · 10 a.m. Open Rehearsal


Francesca dePasquale earned the 2015 Classical Recording Foundation Young Artist Award for her self-titled debut album released in 2016 including works ranging from Bach to a new commission from composer Paola Prestini for violin and electronics. New to this year’s Festival, she is from Philadelphia.

Wednesday, June 14 · Oxford Community Center, Oxford · 5:30 p.m. Italy Artists: Peter Stumpf, Daniel Phillips, Tara Helen O’Connor, Catherine Cho, Francesca dePasquale, Maiya Papach, Marcy Rosen, Anthony Manzo Friday, June 16 · Academy Art Museum, Easton · 5:30 p.m. Hungary Artists: Daniel Phillips, Marcy Rosen, Ieva Jokubavicuite, J. Lawrie Bloom, Catherine Cho Saturday, June 17 · Avalon Theatre, Easton · 7:30 p.m. Russia Artists: Ieva Jokubavicuite, Catherine Cho, Marcy Rosen, J. Lawrie Bloom, Daniel Phillips, Peter Stumpf Sunday, June 18 · Watermelon Point, Easton · 4 p.m. Angels Concert featuring Latin America

410-819-0380 · 69

Photo by Bill Thompson


Taking the Shore by Paddleboard by Michael Valliant

terways and places to go around the Shore is just amazing,” McCue said. “I love paddling around here. You have the ability to see things from a different perspective than when you are just driving around. Every cove is different ~ we always see something beautiful. Every day is completely different depending on the time of day, the weather and conditions. SUP is the perfect

It wasn’t called stand-up paddleboarding thirty-plus years ago when Deedee McCue paddled her windsurfer with a dinghy oar in Huntingon Beach, California. But, the more you look around the rivers and creeks of Maryland’s Eastern Shore, the more people you will find stand-up paddleboarding (SUP) ~ and with good reason. “The number of different wa-

Paddleboard Yoga 71

Paddleboarding meditation; you are fully present. McCue and partner John Riggio are co-owners of and instructors for Wahe SUP, Fitness and Yoga, and Eastern Shore Yoga. McCue has been doing some form of stand-up paddling since she was 14 in her Huntington Beach days. In 2011, she got her first official SUP board (a gift from Riggio) from Ryan Hickey at Easton Cycle and Sport. She was already a yoga instructor, and Hickey encouraged her to pursue leading SUP yoga. In 2012, McCue became a certified SUP instructor through Paddlefit, with training and certification in Wrightsville Beach, N.C., which hosts the Caroline Cup, one of the biggest SUP races on the east coast. McCue and Riggio teach private lessons, group classes, and SUP yoga, based out of Royal Oak. They have a f leet of rental boards and boards for sale, and through a Facebook group, Eastern Shore SUP Community, they help organize weekly group paddles. “For people starting out, I am really big on teaching proper form and technique,” McCue said. “That is probably the yoga teacher in me.” Many of the weekly paddles from Eastern Shore SUP take place in the Bay Hundred area of Talbot County ~ Royal Oak, St. Michaels, Claiborne, and Tilghman Island. The Oak Creek Bridge at Newcomb

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Cecile Davis is a popular place to put in, since Oak Creek is easy to explore if it is windy, while the Miles River is there for the taking during calm weather. One of the more active Bay Hundred paddlers is Kate Richards, who explains the appeal of paddleboarding for her. “The diversity of SUP is a beautiful thing, with every launch you choose what it’s about,” Richards said. “Do you just need some ‘reboot’ time? Will you push yourself? Paddle with a crew of friends or go solo? Sometimes a solo paddle is magic. Your focus is different; once

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Paddleboarding you get out there and decompress a bit, your mind moves to the water, the wind, the tide, the osprey warning you off of her nest, or the huge snapping turtle that pops up.” SUP seems to be catching on throughout the Eastern Shore. You see an increasing number of people in various creeks, and on different rivers. In addition to Wahe, Dockside Boat Rentals rents boards in Oxford; Shore Pedal and Paddle rents and sells them in St. Michaels; and Easton Cycle and Sport rents and sells them in Easton.

It’s easy to learn and to do. The image of surfer Laird Hamilton on a SUP board riding a monster wave is not what river paddling is about. “Very often when you mention SUP you get ‘I can’t do that, I know I’ll fall off,’” Richards said. “The

Photo by Bill Thompson

Joel Shilliday and his dog Hooper. Shilliday and Ryan Hickey co-founded Paddle Dog Boards. 74

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paddleboard positions on a calm and sunny day is lying on my back and staring at the clouds. Another advantage to standing on a paddleboard is that you can see much farther than you can in a kayak. So many of the critters we see in a marsh and on a river are pretty shy and like to scoot away when they sense your presence. On a paddleboard, often you can see them before they see you.” The shallow creeks and rivers around Talbot County lend themselves to paddling. Around Oxford, there are endless adventures exploring Boone Creek, Town Creek, or Goldsborough Creek. On a ninemile group paddle on the Tuckahoe River from Hillsborough to Route

Paddleboarding truth is that you really have to work hard to make that happen. SUP is for almost anyone, you don’t really have to have any athletic prowess.” Bill Thompson has paddled kayaks and canoes around the Eastern Shore for decades. After picking up SUP years ago, it’s become his go-to form of paddling. And standing up on a board is only part of the fun. “I generally recommend a paddleboard over a kayak if the weather is appropriate,” Thompson said. “Despite its name, you don’t have to stand on a paddleboard. You can kneel, you can straddle, you can crouch and, of course, you can stand upright. One of my favorite


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the sport, it gave me a purpose to train,” said Tydings. “There is always somebody faster than you so something just kind of clicked and I decided I wanted to be as fast as my body will allow me to go so I trained hard and have enjoyed some mild weekend-warrior successes. Also, the race scene is full of really cool people. It’s a good vibe. Ultimately, it’s paddleboarding: you go around 5 miles an hour on an average, and that’s on a good

327, there were more bald eagle and blue heron encounters than there were other people or boats. Exploring via SUP can be social or time alone communing with nature. It can be as relaxing and low stress an endeavor as you want it to be. It can also be a competitive sport, which is part of what attracted Chip Tydings to SUP. “Racing is what hooked me on


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day. It’s a sport that can do so much for the soul and the body. It’s a low impact activity that really incorporates the whole body and anybody can do it. There are boards of all shapes and sizes to suit all needs.” A favorite run for Tydings is with a wind, paddling from the Tred Avon Yacht Club in Oxford to Benoni Point or the Choptank Light, paddling out into the wind to work on his endurance and strength, then turning around and paddling downwind and gliding home. Whether it’s racing, fitness, leisure and sightseeing, or relaxing time on the water, the growth of paddling and SUP on the Eastern Shore is encouraging people and providing more ways to enjoy being on the water. There are local re-



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this spring but I’m figuring some things out about the board, my balance, my form. I’ve set a few small skill goals for myself and have a few longer paddles that I’d like to do over the summer. There are an endless number of tiny creeks and launch sites to explore ~ no matter how many times you go out, it’s never the same.”

sources and experts who can help get you out there. For me, Richards sums up the fun and the allure of SUP on the Shore. “I am a novice. I waited a few years before I finally took the plunge to get a board,” she said. “I don’t have any ‘fancy’ gear or gadgets. I’ve only done six trips

Michael Valliant is the Executive Director of the Oxford Community Center. Valliant was born and raised in Oxford and has worked for Talbot County non-profit organizations, including the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum and Academy Art Museum.


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by K. Marc Teffeau, Ph.D.

June Bugs and Other Things With spring come insects. The majority are beneficial or do not cause problems for people or plants. It is a very, very small percentage of the insect population that we should be concerned about. Some damage plants, crops, trees, buildings, or spread diseases. Some are just a nuisance. If you live on the Eastern Shore, you know that “June Bugs” are the horde of newly graduated high school seniors who descend on Ocean City for a week or two at the beginning of June. There are also some greenishcolored insects called June bugs that we see in our area in June and July. They are one of the nuisance insects that “bug” people. Homeowners used to call me when I was the Talbot County Extension Agent to complain about them. I always found it humorous when someone called me to fuss about all the “bugs” that we have here on the ’Shore. They used to say to me, “Well, we never had these bugs in Montgomery County.” Wel-

come to the Eastern Shore...get used to it. June bugs are part of a group of insects called Scarab beetles. Other beetles in this group include the brown May beetle, the Japanese beetle, the European Chafer beetle, and the Southern Chafer beetle. All these beetles have similar life cycles that includes a white grub stage in the soil where they feed on plant roots. The adult beetles feed on plant foliage ~ everyone is familiar with the lacy leaves left by the Japanese beetle. The specific nuisance behavior that especially May beetles exhibit is that the adult beetles swarm, in 83

Tidewater Gardening great numbers, in the spring and early summer. This swarming usually occurs at night, and the beetles are strongly attracted to porch and other outside lights. Then they crawl all over the screen doors and windows and try to get into the house. Because the swarming is a temporary occurrence, spraying for control is usually not recommended. If they get into the house, just suck them up with the vacuum cleaner. June marks the middle of the transition period from cool season crops like lettuce, broccoli, caulif lower, peas and potatoes, to warm season vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, summer and winter squash, and green beans. The ground has warmed up sufficiently to encourage good solid plant root growth. If you are looking to try out a new variety of one of your traditional warm season vegetables, you might want to look at the 2017 All American Selections (AAS) winners. In the cherry tomato varieties, there are two new ones ~ Tomato Midnight Snack F1 and Tomato Patio Choice Yellow F1. Tomato Midnight Snack is what is called an “indigo� tomato because of its distinctive black/purple coloration. The more the fruit are exposed to the sun, the blacker they become. Tomato Midnight Snack is an indeterminate tomato, which

means it will continue to grow during the summer and will need some sort of staking for support. Tomato Patio Choice Yellow is a true pure-yellow tomato. It is aptly named Patio Choice because it performs well as a container plant on the porch or patio if it gets full sun. Being a determinate tomato, it does not continue to grow after it sets fruit. According to the AAS folks, this



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Sugaretti F1. This new spaghetti squash is a determinate, which means that it grows semi-bushy two-feet-wide/long vines, making it a nice addition to a raised garden bed. The fruits are striped and the f lesh is yellow. Some harvesting tips in the vegetable garden include setting young melons and cantaloupes atop tin cans or f lat rocks ~ They’ll ripen faster, be sweeter, and have less insect damage than those left on the ground. If you are growing squash, you need to know how to determine the best time to harvest them. Yellow crook-neck squash tastes best when 4 to 7 inches long. Pick when pale yellow (rather than golden)

tomato has short vines that grow only 18 inches tall. It produces very large yields of 1/2-ounce bright yellow cherry tomatoes. It is also good as a hanging plant. If you like to grow winter squash, a 2017 AAS winner is the Squash

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Tidewater Gardening

If you have an asparagus planting, stop cutting the spears in mid- to late June when the spears become thin. After the last cutting is made, fertilize by broadcasting a 10-10-10 formula at the rate of two pounds per 100 square feet. Allow the tops to grow during the summer to store food in the crowns for the crop next spring. Other vegetable growing pointers include avoiding side-dressing tomatoes, eggplants, and peppers with fertilizer until they have set their first fruit. If you are growing sweet corn, it is important to know that corn needs water at two crucial times: when the tassels at the top are beginning to show and when the silk

and before the skin hardens. Scalloped (patty pan) squash is best harvested when grayish- or greenish-white (before it turns ivory white) and is still small ~ even silver dollar sized. And, of course, waiting until zucchini squash is baseball bat size is not acceptable. Harvest them when they are around 6 to 8 inches long. To harvest cucumbers, turn the fruits parallel to the vine and give a quick snap. This prevents vine damage and results in a clean break. If you have trouble mastering this, take a sharp knife to the garden for harvesting. Cut or pull cucumbers, leaving a short stem on each.

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is beginning to show in the ear. If weather is dry at these times, you will need to water the corn. The best time to harvest most herbs is just before flowering, when the leaves contain the maximum essential oils. Cut herbs early on a sunny day. Make sure to water the day before you cut them, to wash off the foliage. At this point, the spring bulb color display has passed, so now is the time to give the bulbs some attention to ensure a good flower display next spring. Remember to leave the foliage on the bulbs until it starts to brown. Top-dress the bulbs with bone meal or 5-10-5 fertilizer to help the bulbs store up food reserves for next year. If your planting seems to have been declining in flower production, you may need to thin and replant the bulbs this fall. In the perennial garden, it is important to cut back chrysanthemums, swamp flowers, and phlox

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Tidewater Gardening by about half to reduce their fall height and make them fuller. Divide and transplant iris now so they will have a long growing season and a better chance of blooming next year. Cut off and discard the older part of the rhizome that does not have the white fleshy roots. Also, prune out any diseased or mushy parts of the rhizome. Cut the leaves back to six inches so they don’t blow over. Your rose garden might also need some attention to keep the plants healthy and flowering. If you have climbing roses, know that they don’t really “climb” ~ they have long canes that require support. You will

need to loosely tie the canes to trellises with broad strips of materiallike cloth, cut-up old panty hose, or foam-covered wire. Do not use bare wire, as it can damage the cane. Control black spot and powdery mildew on rose foliage with a labeled fungicide. One way to reduce these problems is to not water the leaves, but direct-water the base of the plant. Roses in bloom are heavy feeders, so fertilize your roses at monthly intervals with either granular or liquid fertilizer. Inspect plants frequently for pests such as spider mites, aphids and Japanese beetles. Control with a labeled insecticide. For Japanese beetles, do not use the beetle traps. All they do is invite all the other beetles from surrounding yards. You might get a sense of control, emptying the bags of dead beetles, but research has shown that in the long run, Japanese beetle traps are not effective. Whether in the flower bed or the vegetable garden, it is very important to keep up with removing

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I mentioned last month that needle evergreens like arborvitae, junipers, and yews can be pruned as soon as their growth is complete. You can cut back on the new growth, allowing only a few inches of the new growth to remain. This pruning will slow the growth rate of the plant and make the foliage thicker. Unless you are growing a formal hedge, don’t shear the plants into balls, triangles or squares. Not only does this result in weird, unnatural-looking plants in the landscape, it causes the tips of the needles to turn brown and gives the plant a sickly appearance. Every time I see a sheared, odd-shaped evergreen in the home landscape, I think that a bunch of elves or little gnomes live in the house. For spring-flowering shrubs such as lilacs and rhododendrons, remove the spent flower heads to prevent them from producing seed. The same principle applies to spring-flowering roses. Remove the rose hips as soon as the flowers have died. You want the plant’s energy to go back into the plant to produce flower buds and growth for next year. Happy Gardening!

those pesky weeds. The best practice is not to let the weed flowers go to seed. However, if you missed this window and the weeds have matured and gone to seed, weed the garden early in the morning, when moisture is present, to prevent the seed heads from shattering and dropping seed in the garden. Hold as much of the seed head in your hand as possible, and do not shake off excess soil, as this may scatter the seed. The soil is warm enough that you can apply a light mulch, compost or straw on the ground around the plants to prevent the weed seeds from germinating. Late spring and early summer is an important time for pruning many kinds of woody ornamental plants. Many have completed their growth for the spring and need to be shaped, headed back or thinned to control their size.

Marc Teffeau retired as Director of Research and Regulatory Affairs at the American Nursery and Landscape Association in Washington, D.C. He now lives in Georgia with his wife, Linda. 92

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Dorchester Points of Interest

Dorchester County is known as the Heart of the Chesapeake. It is rich in Chesapeake Bay history, folklore and tradition. With 1,700 miles of shoreline (more than any other Maryland county), marshlands, working boats, quaint waterfront towns and villages among fertile farm fields – much still exists of what is the authentic Eastern Shore landscape and traditional way of life along the Chesapeake. FREDERICK C. MALKUS MEMORIAL BRIDGE is the gateway to Dorchester County over the Choptank River. It is the second longest span 95

Dorchester Points of Interest bridge in Maryland after the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. A life-long resident of Dorchester County, Senator Malkus served in the Maryland State Senate from 1951 through 1994. Next to the Malkus Bridge is the 1933 Emerson C. Harrington Bridge. This bridge was replaced by the Malkus Bridge in 1987. Remains of the 1933 bridge are used as fishing piers on both the north and south bank of the river. HERITAGE MUSEUMS and GARDENS of DORCHESTER - Home of the Dorchester County Historical Society, Heritage Museum offers a range of local history and gardens on its grounds. The Meredith House, a 1760’s Georgian home, features artifacts and exhibits on the seven Maryland governors associated with the county; a child’s room containing antique dolls and toys; and other period displays. The Neild Museum houses a broad collection of agricultural, maritime, industrial, and Native American artifacts, including a McCormick reaper (invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1831). The Ron Rue exhibit pays tribute to a talented local decoy carver with a re-creation of his workshop. The Goldsborough Stable, circa 1790, includes a sulky, pony cart, horse-driven sleighs, and tools of the woodworker, wheelwright, and blacksmith. For more info. tel: 410-228-7953 or visit

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DORCHESTER COUNTY VISITOR CENTER - The Visitors Center in Cambridge is a major entry point to the lower Eastern Shore, positioned just off U.S. Route 50 along the shore of the Choptank River. With its 100foot sail canopy, it’s also a landmark. In addition to travel information and exhibits on the heritage of the area, there’s also a large playground, garden, boardwalk, restrooms, vending machines, and more. The Visitors Center is open daily from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more information about Dorchester County call 410-228-1000 or visit or SAILWINDS PARK - Located at 202 Byrn St., Cambridge, Sailwinds Park has been the site for popular events such as the Seafood Feast-I-Val in August and the Grand National Waterfowl Hunt’s Grandtastic Jamboree in November. For more info. tel: 410-228-SAIL(7245) or visit www. CAMBRIDGE CREEK - a tributary of the Choptank River, runs through the heart of Cambridge. Located along the creek are restaurants where you can watch watermen dock their boats after a day’s work on the waterways of Dorchester. HISTORIC HIGH STREET IN CAMBRIDGE - When James Michener was doing research for his novel Chesapeake, he reportedly called

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Dorchester Points of Interest Cambridge’s High Street one of the most beautiful streets in America. He modeled his fictional city Patamoke after Cambridge. Many of the gracious homes on High Street date from the 1700s and 1800s. Today you can join a historic walking tour of High Street each Saturday at 11 a.m., April through October (weather permitting). For more info. tel: 410-901-1000. High Street is also known as one of the most haunted streets in Maryland. join a Chesapeake Ghost Walk to hear the stories. Find out more at www. SKIPJACK NATHAN OF DORCHESTER - Sail aboard the authentic skipjack Nathan of Dorchester, offering heritage cruises on the Choptank River. The Nathan is docked at Long Wharf in Cambridge. Dredge for oysters and hear the stories of the working waterman’s way of life. For more info. and schedules tel: 410-228-7141 or visit CHOPTANK RIVER LIGHTHOUSE REPLICA - The replica of a six-sided screwpile lighthouse includes a small museum with exhibits about the original lighthouse’s history and the area’s maritime heritage. The lighthouse, located on Pier A at Long Wharf Park in Cambridge, is open daily, May through October, and by appointment, November through April;


call 410-463-2653. For more info. visit DORCHESTER CENTER FOR THE ARTS - Located at 321 High Street in Cambridge, the Center offers monthly gallery exhibits and shows, extensive art classes, and special events, as well as an artisans’ gift shop with an array of items created by local and regional artists. For more info. tel: 410-228-7782 or visit RICHARDSON MARITIME MUSEUM - Located at 401 High St., Cambridge, the Museum makes history come alive for visitors in the form of exquisite models of traditional Bay boats. The Museum also offers a collection of boatbuilders’ tools and watermen’s artifacts that convey an understanding of how the boats were constructed and the history of their use. The Museum’s Ruark Boatworks facility, located on Maryland Ave., is passing on the knowledge and skills of area boatwrights to volunteers and visitors alike. Watch boatbuilding and restoration in action. For more info. tel: 410-221-1871 or visit HARRIET TUBMAN MUSEUM & EDUCATIONAL CENTER - The Museum and Educational Center is developing programs to preserve the history and memory of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. The museum is open Tuesday through Saturday. Local tours by appointment are available. The Museum and Educational Center, located at 424

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Dorchester Points of Interest Race St., Cambridge, is one of the stops on the “Finding a Way to Freedom” self-guided driving tour. For more info. tel: 410-228-0401 or visit www. SPOCOTT WINDMILL - Since 1972, Dorchester County has had a fully operating English style post windmill that was expertly crafted by the late master shipbuilder, James B. Richardson. There has been a succession of windmills at this location dating back to the late 1700’s. The complex also includes an 1800 tenant house, one-room school, blacksmith shop, and country store museum. The windmill is located at 1625 Hudson Rd., Cambridge. For more info. visit HORN POINT LABORATORY - The Horn Point Laboratory offers public tours of this world-class scientific research laboratory, which is affiliated with the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. The 90-minute walking tour shows how scientists are conducting research to restore the Chesapeake Bay. Horn Point Laboratory is located at 2020 Horns Point Rd., Cambridge, on the banks of the Choptank River. For more info. and tour schedule tel: 410-228-8200 or visit THE STANLEY INSTITUTE - This 19th century one-room African American schoolhouse, dating back to 1865, is one of the oldest Maryland schools to be organized and maintained by a black community. Between 1867 and 1962, the youth in the African-American community of Christ Rock attended this school, which is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Tours available by appointment. The Stanley Institute is located at the intersection of Route 16 West & Bayly Rd., Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-6657. OLD TRINITY CHURCH in Church Creek was built in the 17th century and perfectly restored in the 1950s. This tiny architectural gem continues to house an active congregation of the Episcopal Church. The old graveyard around the church contains the graves of the veterans of the American Revolution, the War of 1812, and the American Civil War. This part of the cemetery also includes the grave of Maryland’s Governor Carroll and his daughter Anna Ella Carroll who was an advisor to Abraham Lincoln. The date of the oldest burial is not known because the wooden markers common in the 17th century have disappeared. For more info. tel: 410-228-2940 or visit BUCKTOWN VILLAGE STORE - Visit the site where Harriet Tubman received a blow to her head that fractured her skull. From this injury Harriet believed God gave her the vision and directions that inspired her to guide 100

so many to freedom. Artifacts include the actual newspaper ad offering a reward for Harriet’s capture. Historical tours, bicycle, canoe and kayak rentals are available. Open upon request. The Bucktown Village Store is located at 4303 Bucktown Rd., Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-901-9255. HARRIET TUBMAN BIRTHPLACE - “The Moses of her People,” Harriet Tubman was believed to have been born on the Brodess Plantation in Bucktown. There are no Tubman-era buildings remaining at the site, which today is a farm. Recent archeological work at this site has been inconclusive, and the investigation is continuing, although there is some evidence that points to Madison as a possible birthplace. HARRIET TUBMAN VISITOR CENTER - Located adjacent to the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Visitor Center immerses visitors in Tubman’s world through informative, evocative and emotive exhibits. The immersive displays show how the landscape of the Choptank River region shaped her early years and the importance of her faith, family and community. The exhibits also feature information about Tubman’s life beginning with her childhood in Maryland, her emancipation from slavery, her time as a conductor on the Underground Railroad and her continuous advocacy for justice. For more info. visit dnr2.


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Dorchester Points of Interest BLACKWATER NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE - Located 12 miles south of Cambridge at 2145 Key Wallace Dr. With more than 25,000 acres of tidal marshland, it is an important stop along the Atlantic Flyway. Blackwater is currently home to the largest remaining natural population of endangered Delmarva fox squirrels and the largest breeding population of American bald eagles on the East Coast, north of Florida. There is a full service Visitor Center and a four-mile Wildlife Drive, walking trails and water trails. For more info. tel: 410-228-2677 or visit EAST NEW MARKET - Originally settled in 1660, the entire town is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Follow a self-guided walking tour to see the district that contains almost all the residences of the original founders and offers excellent examples of colonial architecture. For more info. visit HURLOCK TRAIN STATION - Incorporated in 1892, Hurlock ranks as the second largest town in Dorchester County. It began from a Dorchester/Delaware Railroad station built in 1867. The Old Train Station has been restored and is host to occasional train excursions. For more info. tel: 410-943-4181. VIENNA HERITAGE MUSEUM - The museum displays the last surviving mother-of-pearl button manufacturing operation in the country, as well as artifacts of local history. The museum is located at 303 Race, St., Vienna. For more info. tel: 410-943-1212 or visit LAYTON’S CHANCE VINEYARD & WINERY - This small farm winery, minutes from historic Vienna at 4225 New Bridge Rd., offers daily tours of the winemaking operation. The family-oriented Layton’s also hosts a range of events, from a harvest festival to karaoke happy hour to concerts. For more info. tel. 410-228-1205 or visit HANDSELL HISTORIC SITE - Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008, the site is used to interpret the native American contact period with the English, the slave and later African American story and the life of all those who lived at Handsell. The grounds are open daily from dawn to dusk. Visitors can view the exterior of the circa 1770/1837 brick house, currently undergoing preservation work. Nearby is the Chicone Village, a replica single-family dwelling complex of the Native People who once inhabited the site. Special living history events are held several times a year. Located at 4837 Indiantown Road, Vienna. For more info. tel: 410228-745 or visit 102


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Easton Points of Interest Historic Downtown Easton is the county seat of Talbot County. Established around early religious settlements and a court of law, today the historic district of Easton is a centerpiece of fine specialty shops, business and cultural activities, unique restaurants and architectural fascination. Tree-lined streets are graced with various period structures and remarkable homes, carefully preserved or restored. Because of its historical significance, Easton has earned distinction as the “Colonial Capital of the Eastern Shore” and was honored as #8 in the book, “The 100 Best Small Towns in America.” Walking Tour of Downtown Easton Start near the corner of Harrison Street and Mill Place. 1. HISTORIC TIDEWATER INN - 101 E. Dover St. A completely modern hotel built in 1949, it was enlarged in 1953 and has recently undergone extensive renovations. It is the “Pride of the Eastern Shore.” 2. THE BULLITT HOUSE - 108 E. Dover St. One of Easton’s oldest and most beautiful homes, it was built in 1801. It is now occupied by the Mid-Shore Community Foundation. 3. AVALON THEATRE - 42 E. Dover St. Constructed in 1921 during the heyday of silent films and vaudeville entertainment. Over the course of its history, it has been the scene of three world premiers, including “The First Kiss,” starring Fay Wray and Gary Cooper, in 1928. The theater has gone through two major restorations: the first in 1936, when it was refinished in an art deco theme by the Schine Theater chain, and again 52 years later, when it was converted to a performing arts and community center. For more info. tel: 410-822-0345 or visit 4. TALBOT COUNTY VISITORS CENTER - 11 S. Harrison St. The Office of Tourism provides visitors with county information for historic Easton and the waterfront villages of Oxford, St. Michaels and Tilghman Island. For more info. tel: 410-770-8000 or visit 5. BARTLETT PEAR INN - 28 S. Harrison St. Significant for its architecture, it was built by Benjamin Stevens in 1790 and is one of Easton’s earliest three-bay brick buildings. The home was “modernized” with Victorian bay windows on the right side in the 1890s. 6. WATERFOWL BUILDING - 40 S. Harrison St. The old armory is 105

Easton Points of Interest now the headquarters of the Waterfowl Festival, Easton’s annual celebration of migratory birds and the hunting season, the second weekend in November. For more info. tel: 410-822-4567 or visit 7. ACADEMY ART MUSEUM - 106 South St. Accredited by the American Alliance of Museums, the Academy Art Museum is a fine art museum founded in 1958. Providing national and regional exhibitions, performances, educational programs, and visual and performing arts classes for adults and children, the Museum also offers a vibrant concert and lecture series and seasonal events. The Museum’s permanent collection consists of works on paper and contemporary works by American and European masters. Mon. through Thurs. 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Friday, Saturday, Sunday 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. First Friday of each month open until 7 p.m. For more info. tel: (410) 822-ARTS (2787) or visit 8. CHRIST CHURCH - St. Peter’s Parish, 111 South Harrison St. Founded in 1692, the Parish’s church building is one of the many historic landmarks of downtown Easton. The current building was erected in the early 1840’s of Port Deposit granite and an addition on the south end was completed in 1874. Since that time there have been many improve-

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Easton Points of Interest ments and updates, but none as extensive as the restoration project which began in September 2014. For service times contact 410-822-2677 or 9. TALBOT HISTORICAL SOCIET Y - Located in the heart of Easton’s historic district. Enjoy an evocative portrait of everyday life during earlier times when visiting the c. 18th and 19th century historic houses, all of which surround a Federal-style garden. For more info. tel: 410822-0773 or visit Tharpe Antiques and Decorative Arts is now located at 25 S. Washington St. Consignments accepted by appointment, please call 410-820-7525. Proceeds support the Talbot Historical Society. 10. ODD FELLOWS LODGE - At the corner of Washington and Dover streets stands a building with secrets. It was constructed in 1879 as the meeting hall for the Odd Fellows. Carved into the stone and placed into the stained glass are images and symbols that have meaning only for members. See if you can find the dove, linked rings and other symbols. 11. TALBOT COUNTY COURTHOUSE - Long known as the “East Capital” of Maryland. The present building was completed in 1794 on the site of the earlier one built in 1711. It has been remodeled several times.

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Easton Points of Interest 11A. FREDERICK DOUGLASS STATUE - 11 N. Washington St. on the lawn of the Talbot County Courthouse. The statue honors Frederick Douglass in his birthplace, Talbot County, where the experiences in his youth ~ both positive and negative ~ helped form his character, intellect and determination. Also on the grounds is a memorial to the veterans who fought and died in the Vietnam War, and a monument “To the Talbot Boys,” commemorating the men from Talbot who fought for the Confederacy. The memorial for the Union soldiers was never built. 12. SHANNAHAN & WRIGHTSON HARDWARE BUILDING 12 N. Washington St. It is the oldest store in Easton. In 1791, Owen Kennard began work on a new brick building that changed hands several times throughout the years. Dates on the building show when additions were made in 1877, 1881 and 1889. The present front was completed in time for a grand opening on Dec. 7, 1941 - Pearl Harbor Day. 13. THE BRICK HOTEL - northwest corner of Washington and Federal streets. Built in 1812, it became the Eastern Shore’s leading hostelry. When court was in session, plaintiffs, defendants and lawyers all came to town and shared rooms in hotels such as this. Frederick

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Douglass stayed in the Brick Hotel when he came back after the Civil War and gave a speech in the courthouse. It is now an office building. 14. THOMAS PERRIN SMITH HOUSE - 119 N. Washington St. Built in 1803, it was the early home of the newspaper from which the Star-Democrat grew. In 1911, the building was acquired by the Chesapeake Bay Yacht Club, which occupies it today. 15. ART DECO STORES - 13-25 Goldsborough Street. Although much of Easton looks Colonial or Victorian, the 20th century had its inf luences as well. This row of stores has distinctive 1920s-era white trim at the roofline. It is rumored that there was a speakeasy here during Prohibition. 16. FIRST MASONIC GR AND LODGE - 23 N. Harrison Street. The records of Coats Lodge of Masons in Easton show that five Masonic Lodges met in Talbot Court House (as Easton was then called) on July 31, 1783 to form the first Grand Lodge of Masons in Maryland. Although the building where they first met is gone, a plaque marks the spot today. This completes your walking tour. 17. FOXLEY HALL - 24 N. Aurora St., Built about 1795, Foxley Hall is one of the best-known of Easton’s Federal dwellings. Former home of Oswald Tilghman, great-grandson of Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman. (Private)


Easton Points of Interest 18. TRINITY EPISCOPAL CATHEDR AL - On “Cathedral Green,” Goldsborough St., a traditional Gothic design in granite. The interior is well worth a visit. All windows are stained glass, picturing New Testament scenes, and the altar cross of Greek type is unique. For more info. tel: 410-822-1931 or visit 19. INN AT 202 DOVER - Built in 1874, this Victorian-era mansion ref lects many architectural styles. For years the building was known as the Wrightson House, thanks to its early 20th century owner, Charles T. Wrightson, one of the founders of the S. & W. canned food empire. Locally it is still referred to as Captain’s Watch due to its prominent balustraded widow’s walk. The Inn’s renovation in 2006 was acknowledged by the Maryland Historic Trust and the U.S. Dept. of the Interior. 20. TALBOT COUNTY FREE LIBRARY - Housed in an attractively remodeled building on West Street, the hours of operation are Mon. and Thurs., 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., Tues. and Wed. 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and Fri. and Sat., 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcf 21. MEMORIAL HOSPITAL AT EASTON - Established in the early 1900s, now one of the finest hospitals on the Eastern Shore. Memorial

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Hospital is part of the Shore Health System. 22. THIRD HAVEN FRIENDS MEETING HOUSE (Quaker). Built 1682-84, this is the earliest documented building in MD and probably the oldest Quaker Meeting House in the U.S. William Penn and many other historical figures have worshiped here. In continuous use since it was built, today it is still home to an active Friends’ community. Visitors welcome; group tours available on request. 23. TALBOT COMMUNITY CENTER - The year-round activities offered at the community center range from ice hockey to figure skating, aerobics and curling. The Center is also host to many events throughout the year, such as antique, craft, boating and sportsman shows. Near Easton 24. PICKERING CREEK - 400-acre farm and science education center featuring 100 acres of forest, a mile of shoreline, nature trails, low-ropes challenge course and canoe launch. Trails are open seven days a week from dawn till dusk. Canoes are free for members. For more info. tel: 410-822-4903 or visit 25. W YE GRIST MILL - The oldest working mill in Maryland (ca. 1682), the f lour-producing “grist” mill has been lovingly preserved by

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Easton Points of Interest The Friends of Wye Mill, and grinds f lour to this day using two massive grindstones powered by a 26 horsepower overshot waterwheel. For more info. visit 26. W YE ISL A ND NATUR AL RESOURCE MA NAGEMENT AREA - Located between the Wye River and the Wye East River, the area provides habitat for waterfowl and native wildlife. There are 6 miles of trails that provide opportunities for hiking, birding and wildlife viewing. For more info. visit 27. OLD WYE CHURCH - Old Wye Church is one of the oldest active Anglican Communion parishes in Talbot County. Wye Chapel was built between 1718 and 1721 and opened for worship on October 18, 1721. For more info. visit 28. WHITE MARSH CHURCH - The original structure was built before 1690. Early 18th century rector was the Reverend Daniel Maynadier. A later provincial rector (1764–1768), the Reverend Thomas Bacon, compiled “Bacon’s Laws,” authoritative compendium of Colonial Statutes. Robert Morris, Sr., father of Revolutionary financier is buried here.



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On the broad Miles River, with its picturesque tree-lined streets and beautiful harbor, St. Michaels has been a haven for boats plying the Chesapeake and its inlets since the earliest days. Here, some of the handsomest models of the Bay craft, such as canoes, bugeyes, pungys and some famous Baltimore Clippers, were designed and built. The Church, named “St. Michael’s,” was the first building erected (about 1677) and around it clustered the town that took its name. 1. WADES POINT INN - Located on a point of land overlooking majestic Chesapeake Bay, this historic inn has been welcoming guests for over 100 years. Thomas Kemp, builder of the original “Pride of Baltimore,” built the main house in 1819. For more info. visit 117

St. Michaels Points of Interest 2. HARBOURTOWNE GOLF RESORT - Bayview Restaurant and Duck Blind Bar on the scenic Miles River with an 18 hole golf course. For more info. visit 3. MILES RIVER YACHT CLUB - Organized in 1920, the Miles River Yacht Club continues its dedication to boating on our waters and the protection of the heritage of log canoes, the oldest class of boat still sailing U. S. waters. The MRYC has been instrumental in preserving the log canoe and its rich history on the Chesapeake Bay. For more info. visit 4. THE INN AT PERRY CABIN - The original building was constructed in the early 19th century by Samuel Hambleton, a purser in the United States Navy during the War of 1812. It was named for his friend, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry. Perry Cabin has served as a riding academy and was restored in 1980 as an inn and restaurant. For more info. visit 5. THE PARSONAGE INN - A bed and breakfast inn at 210 N. Talbot St., was built by Henry Clay Dodson, a prominent St. Michaels businessman and state legislator around 1883 as his private residence. In 1877, Dodson,

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St. Michaels Points of Interest along with Joseph White, established the St. Michaels Brick Company, which later provided the brick for the house. For more info. visit www. 6. FREDERICK DOUGLASS HISTORIC MARKER - Born at Tuckahoe Creek, Talbot County, Douglass lived as a slave in the St. Michaels area from 1833 to 1836. He taught himself to read and taught in clandestine schools for blacks here. He escaped to the north and became a noted abolitionist, orator and editor. He returned in 1877 as a U.S. Marshal for the District of Columbia and also served as the D.C. Recorder of Deeds and the U.S. Minister to Haiti. 7. CHESAPEAKE BAY MARITIME MUSEUM - Founded in 1965, the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum is dedicated to preserving the rich heritage of the hemisphere’s largest and most productive estuary - the Chesapeake Bay. Located on 18 waterfront acres, its nine exhibit buildings and floating fleet bring to life the story of the Bay and its inhabitants, from the fully restored 1879 Hooper Strait lighthouse and working boatyard to the impressive collection of working decoys and a recreated waterman’s shanty. Home to the world’s largest collection of Bay boats, the Museum regularly

Open 7 Days 120

hosts temporary exhibitions, special events, festivals, and education programs. Docking and pump-out facilities available. Exhibitions and Museum Store open year-round. Up-to-date information and hours can be found on the Museum’s website at or by calling 410-745-2916. 8. THE CRAB CLAW - Restaurant adjoining the Maritime Museum and overlooking St. Michaels harbor. Open March-November. 410-7452900 or 9. PATRIOT - During the season (April-November) the 65’ cruise boat can carry 150 persons, runs daily historic narrated cruises along the Miles River. For daily cruise times, visit or call 410-745-3100. 10. THE FOOTBRIDGE - Built on the site of many earlier bridges, today’s bridge joins Navy Point to Cherry Street. It has been variously known as “Honeymoon Bridge” and “Sweetheart Bridge.” It is the only remaining bridge of three that at one time connected the town with outlying areas around the harbor. 11. VICTORIANA INN - The Victoriana Inn is located in the Historic District of St. Michaels. The home was built in 1873 by Dr. Clay Dodson, a druggist, and occupied as his private residence and office. In 1910 the property, then known as “Willow Cottage,” underwent alterations when

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St. Michaels Points of Interest acquired by the Shannahan family who continued it as a private residence for over 75 years. As a bed and breakfast, circa 1988, major renovations took place, preserving the historic character of the gracious Victorian era. For more info. visit 12. HAMBLETON INN - On the harbor. Historic waterfront home built in 1860 and restored as a bed and breakfast in 1985 with a turn-ofthe-century atmosphere. For more info. visit 13. SNUGGERY B&B - Oldest residence in St. Michaels, c. 1665. The structure incorporates the remains of a log home that was originally built on the beach and later moved to its present location. 14. LOCUST STREET - A stroll down Locust Street is a look into the past of St. Michaels. The Haddaway House at 103 Locust St. was built by Thomas L. Haddaway in the late 1700s. Haddaway owned and operated the shipyard at the foot of the street. Wickersham, at 203 Locust Street, was built in 1750 and was moved to its present location in 2004. It is known for its glazed brickwork. Hell’s Crossing is the intersection of Locust and Carpenter streets and is so-named because in the late 1700’s, the town was described as a rowdy one, in keeping with a port town where sailors

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St. Michaels Points of Interest would come for a little excitement. They found it in town, where there were saloons and working-class townsfolk ready to do business with them. Fights were common especially in an area of town called Hells Crossing. At the end of Locust Street is Muskrat Park. It provides a grassy spot on the harbor for free summer concerts and is home to the two cannons that are replicas of the ones given to the town by Jacob Gibson in 1813 and confiscated by Federal troops at the beginning of the Civil War. 15. FREEDOMS FRIEND LODGE - Chartered in 1867 and constructed in 1883, the Freedoms Friend Lodge is the oldest lodge existing in Maryland and is a prominent historic site for our Black community. It is now the site of Blue Crab Coffee Company. 16. TALBOT COUNTY FREE LIBRARY - St. Michaels Branch is located at 106 S. Fremont Street. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit 17. CARPENTER STREET SALOON - Life in the Colonial community revolved around the tavern. The traveler could, of course, obtain food, drink, lodging or even a fresh horse to speed his journey. This tavern was built in 1874 and has served the community as a bank, a newspaper


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St. Michaels Points of Interest office, post office and telephone company. For more info. visit www. 18. TWO SWAN INN - The Two Swan Inn on the harbor served as the former site of the Miles River Yacht Club, was built in the 1800s and was renovated in 1984. It is located at the foot of Carpenter Street. For more info. visit 19. TARR HOUSE - Built by Edward Elliott as his plantation home about 1661. It was Elliott and an indentured servant, Darby Coghorn, who built the first church in St. Michaels. This was about 1677, on the site of the present Episcopal Church (6 Willow Street, near Locust). 20. CHRIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH - 301 S. Talbot St. Built of Port Deposit stone, the present church was erected in 1878. The first is believed to have been built in 1677 by Edward Elliott. For more info. tel: 410-745-9076. 21. THE OLD BRICK INN - Built in 1817 by Wrightson Jones, who opened and operated the shipyard at Beverly on Broad Creek. (Talbot St. at Mulberry). For more info. visit 22. THE CANNONBALL HOUSE - When St. Michaels was shelled by the British in a night attack in 1813, the town was “blacked out” and lanterns were hung in the trees to lead the attackers to believe the town was on a high bluff. The houses were overshot. The story is that a cannonball hit the chimney of “Cannonball House” and rolled down the stairway. This “blackout” was believed to be the first such “blackout” in the history of warfare. 23. AMELIA WELBY HOUSE - Amelia Coppuck, who became Amelia Welby, was born in this house and wrote poems that won her fame and the praise of Edgar Allan Poe. 24. ST. MICHAELS MUSEUM at ST. MARY’S SQUARE - Located in the heart of the historic district, offers a unique view of 19th century life in St. Michaels. The exhibits are housed in three period buildings and contain local furniture and artifacts donated by residents. The museum is supported entirely through community efforts. For more info. tel: 410-745-9561 or 25. KEMP HOUSE - Now a country inn. A Georgian style house, constructed in 1805 by Colonel Joseph Kemp, a revolutionary soldier and hero of the War of 1812. For more info. visit 26. THE OLD MILL COMPLEX - The Old Mill was a functioning f lour mill from the late 1800s until the 1970s, producing f lour used primarily for Maryland beaten biscuits. Today it is home to a brewery, dis126

St. Michaels Points of Interest tillery, artists, furniture makers, and other unique shops and businesses. 27. CLASSIC MOTOR MUSEUM - Located at 102 E. Marengo Street, the Classic Motor Museum is a living museum of classic automobiles, motorcycles, and other forms of transportation, dedicated to providing educational resources to classic car enthusiasts, including workshops, seminars and docent-led tours. The rotating display is housed in a beautiful Amish-built barn. For more info. visit 28. ST. MICHAELS HARBOUR INN, MARINA & SPA - Constructed in 1986 and recently renovated. For more info. visit www. 29. ST. MICHAELS NATURE TR AIL - The St. Michaels Nature Trail is a 1.3 mile paved walkway that winds around the western side of St. Michaels starting at a dedicated parking lot on S. Talbot St. across from the Bay Hundred swimming pool. The path cuts through the woods, San Domingo Park, over a covered bridge and past a historic cemetery before ending in Bradley Park. The trail is open all year from dawn to dusk.

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Oxford Points of Interest Oxford is one of the oldest towns in Maryland. Although already settled for perhaps 20 years, Oxford marks the year 1683 as its official founding, for in that year Oxford was first named by the Maryland General Assembly as a seaport and was laid out as a town. In 1694, Oxford and a new town called Anne Arundel (now Annapolis) were selected the only ports of entry for the entire Maryland province. Until the American Revolution, Oxford enjoyed prominence as an international shipping center surrounded by wealthy tobacco plantations. Today, Oxford is a charming tree-lined and waterbound village with a population of just over 700 and is still important in boat building and yachting. It has a protected harbor for watermen who harvest oysters, crabs, clams and fish, and for sailors from all over the Bay. 1. TENCH TILGHMAN MONUMENT - In the Oxford Cemetery the Revolutionary War hero’s body lies along with that of his widow. Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman carried the message of Cornwallis’ surrender from Yorktown, VA, to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Across the cove from the

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Oxford Points of Interest cemetery may be seen Plimhimmon, home of Tench Tilghman’s widow, Anna Marie Tilghman. 2. THE OXFORD COMMUNITY CENTER - This former, pillared brick schoolhouse was saved from the wrecking ball by the town residents. Now it is a gathering place for meetings, classes, lectures, and performances by the Tred Avon Players and has been recently renovated. Rentals available to groups and individuals. 410-226-5904 or 3. THE COOPERATIVE OXFORD LABORATORY - U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Maryland Department of Natural Resources located here. 410-226-5193 or 3A. U.S. COAST GUARD STATION - 410-226-0580. 4. CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY - Founded in 1851. Designed by esteemed British architect Richard Upton, co-founder of the American Institute of Architects. It features beautiful stained glass windows by the acclaimed Willet Studios of Philadelphia. 5. OXFORD TOWN PARK - Former site of the Oxford High School.

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Oxford Points of Interest Recent restoration of the beach as part of a “living shoreline project” created 2 terraced sitting walls, a protective groin and a sandy beach with native grasses which will stop further erosion and provide valuable aquatic habitat. A similar project has been completed adjacent to the ferry dock. A kayak launch site has also been located near the ferry dock. 6. OXFORD MUSEUM - Morris & Market Sts. Devoted to the preservation of artifacts and memories of Oxford, MD. Admission is free; donations gratefully accepted. For more info. and hours tel: 410-226-0191 or visit 7. OXFORD LIBRARY - 101 Market St. Founded in 1939 and on its present site since 1950. Hours are Mon.-Sat., 10-4. 8. BRATT MANSION (ACADEMY HOUSE) - 205 N. Morris St. Served as quarters for officers of the Maryland Military Academy. Built about 1848. (Private residence) 9. BARNABY HOUSE - 212 N. Morris St. Built in 1770 by sea captain Richard Barnaby, this charming house contains original pine woodwork, corner fireplaces and an unusually lovely handmade staircase. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. (Private residence) Tidewater Residential Designs since 1989


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Oxford Points of Interest 10. THE GRAPEVINE HOUSE - 309 N. Morris St. The grapevine over the entrance arbor was brought from the Isle of Jersey in 1810 by Captain William Willis, who commanded the brig “Sarah and Louisa.” (Private residence) 11. THE ROBERT MORRIS INN - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Robert Morris was the father of Robert Morris, Jr., the “financier of the Revolution.” Built about 1710, part of the original house with a beautiful staircase is contained in the beautifully restored Inn, now open 7 days a week. Robert Morris, Jr. was one of only 2 Founding Fathers to sign the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution. 410-226-5111 or 12. THE OXFORD CUSTOM HOUSE - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Built in 1976 as Oxford’s official Bicentennial project. It is a replica of the first Federal Custom House built by Jeremiah Banning, who was the first Federal Collector of Customs appointed by George Washington. 13. TRED AVON YACHT CLUB - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Founded in 1931. The present building, completed in 1991, replaced the original structure. 14. OXFORD-BELLEVUE FERRY - N. Morris St. & The Strand.

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The charming waterfront village of Oxford welcomes you. ~ EVENTS ~

The Oxford-Bellevue Ferry, est. 1683

6/2-4 ~ Bayside Quilt Show OCC and other sites. Fri.-Sat. 10-4, Sun. 10-3 6/2 ~ Rock the Block for Hospice Pope’s Tavern, 7-10 Rain or Shine Bring your lawn chair! Tickets - 410-822-6681 6/3 ~ Oxford Secret Gardens Tour 10-4, Tickets - 410-226-5799 6/3 ~ Garden Shed Sale Town Park, 9-2 6/3 ~ Classic Cars & Coffee OCC, 8:30-10:30 6/10 ~ Campbell’s Nautical Flea Mkt. 26106A Bachelor Harbor Drive, 9-1 6/11 ~ Oxford’s Firehouse Breakfast 8-11, $10 6/24 ~ Oxford Rummage Sale Oxford Firehouse, 9-12 Ongoing ~ Steady & Strong exercise class @ OCC. Tues. & Thurs. 10:30 a.m., $8 per class.

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Oxford Points of Interest Started in 1683, this is believed to be the oldest privately operated ferry in the United States. Its first keeper was Richard Royston, whom the Talbot County Court “pitcht upon” to run a ferry at an unusual subsidy of 2,500 pounds of tobacco. Service has been continuous since 1836, with power supplied by sail, sculling, rowing, steam, and modern diesel engine. Many now take the ride between Oxford and Bellevue for the scenic beauty. 15. BYEBERRY - On the grounds of Cutts & Case Boatyard. It faces Town Creek and is one of the oldest houses in the area. The date of construction is unknown, but it was standing in 1695. Originally, it was in the main business section but was moved to the present location about 1930. (Private residence) 16. CUTTS & CASE - 306 Tilghman St. World-renowned boatyard for classic yacht design, wooden boat construction and restoration using composite structures. Some have described Cutts & Case Shipyard as an American Nautical Treasure because it produces to the highest standards quality work equal to and in many ways surpassing the beautiful artisanship of former times.

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Tilghman’s Island “Great Choptank Island” was granted to Seth Foster in 1659. Thereafter it was known as Foster’s Island, and remained so through a succession of owners until Matthew Tilghman of Claiborne inherited it in 1741. He and his heirs owned the island for over a century and it has been Tilghman’s Island ever since, though the northern village and the island’s postal designation are simply “Tilghman.” For its first 175 years, the island was a family farm, supplying grains, vegetables, fruit, cattle, pigs and timber. Although the owners rarely were in residence, many slaves were: an 1817 inventory listed 104. The last Tilghman owner, General Tench Tilghman (not Washington’s aide-de-camp), removed the slaves in the 1830s and began selling off lots. In 1849, he sold his remaining interests to James Seth, who continued the development. The island’s central location in the middle Bay is ideally suited for watermen harvesting the Bay in all seasons. The years before the Civil War saw the influx of the first families we know today. A second wave arrived after the War, attracted by the advent of oyster dredging in the 1870s. Hundreds of dredgers and tongers operated out of Tilghman’s Island, their catches sent to the cities by schooners. Boat building, too, was an important industry. The boom continued into the 1890s, spurred by the arrival of steamboat service, which opened vast new markets for Bay seafood. Islanders quickly capitalized on the opportunity as several seafood buyers set up shucking and canning operations on pilings at the edge of the shoal of Dogwood Cove. The discarded oyster shells eventually became an island with seafood packing houses, hundreds of workers, a store, and even a post office. The steamboats also brought visitors who came to hunt, fish, relax and escape the summer heat of the cities. Some families stayed all summer in one of the guest houses that sprang up in the villages of Tilghman, Avalon, Fairbank and Bar Neck. Although known for their independence, Tilghman’s Islanders enjoy showing visitors how to pick a crab, shuck an oyster or find a good fishing spot. In the twentieth century, Islanders pursued these vocations in farming, on the water, and in the thriving seafood processing industry. The “Tilghman Brand” was known throughout the eastern United States, but as the Bay’s bounty diminished, so did the number of water-related jobs. Still, three of the few remaining Bay skipjacks (sailing dredgeboats) can be seen here, as well as two working harbors with scores of power workboats. 139

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Innovation on the Chesapeake by Gary D. Crawford

I am happy to report that the spirit of innovation is alive and well on the Chesapeake Bay. The business of oyster farming in Maryland is finally getting on its feet. Oyster growers are learning as they go, experimenting, creating, inventing, and sharing with one another. This is a good thing, for everyone agrees that the more healthy oysters living in the Bay, the better. Traditional watermen who harvest w ild oysters are f inding it more and more difficult to make a living at it. Oysters in the wild are less plentiful, and the number each waterman can harvest is severely limited. Moreover, major portions of the Chesapeake Bay are now “offlimits” for oyster hunting; oyster sanctuaries have been established as agencies seek ways to conserve and restore the oyster resource. Consequently, watermen see their “ra nge” d isappea r ing, much a s western cattle ranchers did when sheepherders bought farmland and fenced it in. Oyster farming offers another way of staying on the water. Oyster farmers must have farms, of course, so portions of the Chesapeake Bay need to be leased for their use in growing oysters. Although these leases seem to be yet more

“fences,” the oyster hunters and the oyster farmers aren’t really in competition ~ either for Bay territory or for the oyster market. Here’s why. First, Maryland’s lease law requires that leased bottom must be barren. In other words, oyster leases make use of otherwise unproductive areas of the Bay and do not interfere with the wild harvest. Each lease application must be announced publicly, and if a waterman demonstrates that he has harvested oysters there recently, a survey must be conducted. Of course, an oyster farm in the wrong place could interfere with navigation, crabbing and fishing, so applications must meet a number of other standards, too. It takes a year or so for a lease to be granted. Second, unlike other states, Maryland’s lease law has a “use or lose” requirement. Those who are granted leases cannot simply hold on to them; they must produce oysters. Third, the demand for oysters is strong, and it appears that aquaculture is increasing the demand for oysters generally. Most farmed oysters are grown to be the ideal size and shape for consumers of raw oysters. Raw oyster bars are becoming increa sing ly popu la r



in trendy restaurants. A s a new generation discovers the delight of fresh raw oysters, they increase the demand and drive up prices for the oyster catch in general. Wild oysters continue to be prized for making oyster stew, oyster fritters, and other oyster dishes. Oyster farms provide other benefits, too. Some farmed oysters release eggs and sperm into the water, helping to repopulate nearby wild oyster beds. And everyone agrees that every oyster alive and breathing in the Chesapeake Bay, whether wild or cultivated, contributes to cleaner water, benefitting all marine life ~ and the humans who make their living from it.

OK, so oyster aquaculture is a good thing. But how is it actually done? It turns out that oyster farming is like land farming in several basic ways. You get some seed, plant it, cultivate the little guys, thin them out to allow room for growth, then harvest and sell your crop. There is another similarity. Like land agriculture, oyster farming is never a sure thing. The farm can be damaged by weather disasters or the crop wiped out by disease. And, as it is on land, rainfall is critical to oyster health and growth. Oysters are very sensitive to changes in the salt content, so if too much or too little freshwater enters the Bay, growth is much affected by these changes in salinity. Sediment is another danger. Deluge rainfalls or dam openings can bring tons of soil downstream into the Bay. And when an oyster bed is covered by sediment, the oysters simply suffocate. Still, there is money to be made by growing oysters, and more folks are getting into the game. Unlike wild oysters, farmed oysters may be sold year round. The market is strong; start-up costs are significant but not overwhelming; loans at favorable rates are becoming available; various government agencies and universities can provide assistance. Any start-up carries risk, of course. But if the oyster farm is well placed and there is a shore facility nearby, even two hard-working people can get a modest oyster farm started.



Innovation Like asparagus, however, it takes two years to get the first harvest. So, what’s involved in oyster farming? You plant baby oysters in a suitable place, watch over them for two years while the Bay feeds them, and when they are market size you pluck them up and sell them. It’s simple enough in theory, but in practice there are some real complications ~ and much hard work. First, there is the tricky question of “seed.” (You may have noticed that I skipped gaily over the “planting” of baby oysters.) Oysters aren’t plants, they’re animals, and curious ones at that. Like many other critters, they go through a larval stage, so to

understand the complications, let’s (quickly) review the oyster life cycle. Eggs ~ Adult oysters squirt out eggs into the water, and others provide sperm. Now here’s a great Scrabble word for you ~ oysters are protandric. It means they change sex. Young adult oysters about a year old tend to be male, but a year or so later ~ perhaps when they’ve gotten some sense? ~ they become female. Fer tilized eggs are ver y small, of course, microscopic. The cells quickly divide, however, and an oyster larva soon develops. Larvae ~ Oyster larvae swim about, feeding and growing and, sadly, being gobbled up by predators such as blue crabs and fish. (Everybody loves oysters, right?)



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They develop little f lippers, then an “eye.” Those that survive for two weeks then grow a “foot,” which they use for crawling on the bottom and attaching to something hard. An oyster larva at this stage is known as a pediveliger. (Your second Scrabble word.) Spat ~ The pediveliger finds a hard substance on which to settle and does so, never to move again. This is known as “setting,” and the little guy now is called a “spat.” If no hard substance is found, the pediveliger drops to the bottom, where it soon is covered with silt and dies. Adults ~ From this stage on, spat extract food ~ plankton, minerals,

and nutrients ~ from the water that flows by. They grow an inch or more a year and, to protect themselves f rom predators, t hey for m t hat familiar protective shell that is so very hard ... and difficult to open. The diagram below illustrates the stages of oyster growth and may prove helpful. That concludes our biology lesson for today. Okay, now back to the farming. Farmers need a supply of “seed.” A r t if icia lly fer t i li z ing t he eg gs (Stage 1 in the graphic) requires sophisticated equipment and highly trained personnel to monitor salinit y levels a nd temperat ures, set fe e d i ng m i x t u re s properly,


r Fo ty ll bili a C ila a Av

Innovation and transfer the larvae from tank to tank at just the right moment. That germination and microscopic work is done by professional oyster “hatcheries.” During their larval stage, the oysters grow and change quickly ~ doubling in size every day or so. Soon they are pediveligers and ready for Stage 6. This brings us to the problem of “cultch” ~ that hard substance that oysters must find in order to set. It can be anything hard ~ rock, wood, even some metals. The most common cultch is the shell of mature oysters, alive or dead. This is how massive oyster reefs once formed in the Bay, creating huge structures that reached to the surface. Capt. John Smith found them a hazard to navigation. To d ay, u n for t u nately, oy s ter shells in the Chesapeake are scarce, which makes the reseeding of barren areas nearly impossible without bringing in additional cultch. Oyster shells have been shipped in from Florida by train and truck; fossil shells buried under the Bay mud for hundreds of years have been dredged up; stone, broken concrete, slag, and other materials have been dropped into creeks. It’s a chicken-and-egg problem, isn’t it? You can’t have adult shells without baby oysters, and baby oysters can’t grow without adult shells. So we must never, ever throw oyster 146

shells into the trash. Return them to the Bay or find someone who collects them for reuse. Many seafood restaurants accept them gratefully.

In this next photo, about two dozen spat several weeks old have set on the inside of an oyster shell; more are on the other side. This is too many for aquaculture purposes because those that sur v ive w ill grow into clumps that will need to be broken apart. Ten to fifteen spat would be about right, with the expectation that two or three may survive. (Of course, in the wild with predators swarming, there cannot be too many.) Recently, some clever people have found a solution to the cultch prob-

lem. Remember that pediveligers are very small indeed, barely visible to the naked eye? Well, as it turns out, they don’t need a whole shell to set on. Just a piece of a shell will work. Indeed, spat will set successfully on tiny bits of shell. Best of all, this material (called “micro-cultch”) can be left in place as the oysters grow out, for it adds almost nothing to the weight or appearance of an adult oyster. Micro-cultch looks like fine sand and can be reused. Once set on micro-cultch, the “seed” oysters can be transferred to tanks and fed by pumping Bay

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Innovation water over them. Chesapeake oyster growers are constantly experimenting with different ways of doing this efficiently, either beside the Bay or in it. Oysters double in size every few days, so they soon can be transferred to mesh bags, placed in wire cages, and dropped into the Bay on the farm. Fairly recently, some oyster farmers have begun to do more of the oyster nurturing for themselves. They buy the Stage 3 larvae from a hatchery and take them through the rest of the cycle themselves. This led to the invention of the “downweller,” a tank containing micro - cultch and larval oysters; they are fed by pumping water in at the top of the tank and having it f low down and around the little guys. This downward pressure encourages them to “set” as soon as they are able. The

water is in a closed system, filtered and recirculated, to prevent the tiny creatures from f loating out of the tanks. Food must be introduced to foster growth, but once they have set, the water f low is reversed. Now an “upweller” system brings fresh Bay water, with its wonderful food supply, up through the micro-cultch and out the top of the tank back into the Bay. It’s a simple but very clever system. The same tanks can be used for downwelling and upwelling. The Phillips Wharf Environmental Center (PWEC) on Tilghman’s Island has a splendid display system set up for visitors. T. J. Himmelman, director of aquaculture and aquaria, would be delighted to show you how it all works, as he did for me. T. J. explained that he can switch their system from downwelling to upwelling in two minutes: he twists the pipes at the top of the nine


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Innovation tanks, drops a pump into one end, and opens the exit valve. The little “seed oysters” grow quickly, but they grow unevenly, even under identical conditions. To maximize growth, they need to be sorted and resorted from time to time. When they are about a quarter-inch across, they go outside to play. That is, they are placed in baskets with screened bottoms and suspended in wells in a floating dock, which gets the seed oysters deeper into the water to promote growth. Pictured here is a FLoating UPweller SYstem (“f lupsy”) developed by R ick y F it z hug h a nd Joh n ny Shockley at their Hoopers Island O y s te r A q u ac u lt u r e C omp a ny. HIOAC a lso prov ides upweller/ downweller units for use at dockside, as well as several machines to

speed up the sorting of oysters, a process that goes on throughout the grow-out stages. HIOAC equipment now is being marketed worldwide. The “grow-out” phase is where Mother Nature takes over the feeding. This is the point where most oyster farmers enter the process. Two kinds of farms have evolved: “bottom” farms and “water-column” farms. Bottom farms can be imitations of natural oyster beds. The farmer places some good cultch material on the bottom, introduces the seed oysters, and tends to their growth for two years. He churns them up and breaks apart clumps several times during the grow-out period. Water - c olu m n fa r mer s plac e


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their oysters somewhere above the bottom, increasing the water flow to

each oyster; that brings in more food and results in faster growth. Some bottom farmers place their oysters in wire cages fitted with legs so they stand a few inches off the bottom to allow water to circulate through all six sides. Some put their oysters into cylindrical cages and suspend them on lines. Another method is to put cages on the surface, in f loats with the oysters suspended below them. In some locations, surface f loats have proved useful in controlling erosion of the shoreline. The f loats shown here are used by Marinetics/ Choptank Oyster Company in Le Compte Creek, Dorchester County. Here is where innovation is most active, as farmers seek to discover which method works best for grow-

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ing out their oysters. Each farm is unique, subject to a different sequence of currents, tidal f lows, and weather conditions. It’s all pretty exciting, and I hope to visit several of these Chesapeake innovators in the coming months.

To gather material for this article, I met with Rick Brown, a local oyster farmer. After he retired as a factory representative, Rick worked on an oyster farm in Virginia. He liked the work, and he and his wife, Joanne, a nurse, decided to give it a try ~ if they could find a suitable bit of Bay bottom to lease. They and their son Michael moved to Tilghman’s Island and applied for a lease on a

promising five-acre area. It was in a small cove protected from all but the southeast winds, and there were no waterfront homes nearby; two years later, they had their lease. Drawing on their savings, they invested in a Carolina skiff, fitted it with a hydraulic lift, and bought the other equipment and supplies they would need. They got some seed oysters and began planting. Like many other oyster farmers, Rick raises neutered oysters (called triploids), which devote their full energy to growth and excellent meat quality, rather than to reproduction. The proprietors of raw bars also like triploids because they have a rounder and more convenient shell. Rick says the oysters he grows are less salty than those further down the Bay, but are sweet and creamy. Rick buys his seed oysters from a supplier and places them in 4’x4’


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Innovation wire cages, with legs that keep them about 5” off the bottom. He arranges them in rows, linked by lines; from the surface nothing is visible but his perimeter buoys. The Bay takes care of feeding the oysters, but the cages have to be kept clear so water f lows freely through them. Oysters need room to grow, so for good productivity they should be sorted by size periodically and recaged with oysters of similar size. The work is strenuous, especially in the full heat of summer. I was surprised to learn that two oysters, side by side in the same cage, may grow out at very different rates. Rick explained that a wellsorted cage soon will contain a mix of sizes ~ again. They keep him busy. When the Browns started out, resorting and re-caging their oysters required them to haul cages from the farm to their land base. Since a cage full of oysters can weigh 500 pounds, often their skiff could carry no more than three at a time. The ten-minute run to the farm took nearly 30 minutes when fully loaded. Many hours were spent in transit, which ran up their labor and fuel costs. After two years, in 2014, Rick and Joanne harvested their first oysters. They had star ted sma ll, moved carefully, and learned by doing. Profits were plowed back into the business; they rented dockage and

storage space in Knapps Narrows and bought additional equipment; they hired some help. A second boat, larger and fitted with an on-board tumbler/grader, enabled them to do most of the “cultivation” work at the farm site.

These machines ~ also manufactured by the Hooper Island Oyster Aquaculture Company ~ allow the smallest oysters to drop through the first mesh, while the mediums fall through the bigger holes and the largest drop out the end. Simultaneously, the rotating drum performs another important task. The tumbling breaks the oysters apart from one another and actually re-shapes the shells. Protruding shell edges are chipped off, making the oyster rounder and more cup-shaped. And that is just how the raw bar restaurants like them. While one boat crew lifts and drops the cages, the second crew sorts and re-cages the oysters. This increased efficiency has allowed Rick to add additional cages and plant twice a year;


about 400 cages are now in place. When he has enough market-sized oysters, Rick sells them to wholesalers rather than shucking them himself or trucking them around to restaurants. He gets less for them, but much prefers farming to dealing with the distribution process. Rick is 70 but looks ten years younger. When asked if he liked the work, he paused and then said, “Yeah, it’s pretty nice. Of course, when it’s windy and the boat is really bouncing, the cages are hard to pull. So if the weather is too rough, we don’t go to the farm. Most weeks, we don’t need to go out every day any way. But most days it’s okay. Yes, I like it.” Oysters virtually stop growing

when the water temperature drops below about 55º, so it’s fairly quiet around most oyster farms in the winter. But when the water warms, they take off again. At 75º, they are growing like crazy. That means, of course, that the oyster farmer works hardest in the summertime, unlike those who hunt wild oysters through the winter months. Indeed, some watermen do both.

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Innovation There is much more to be learned about growing oysters. Our guys are working hard at it, and they are getting results. From 21,000 bushels in 2013, Maryland’s farmed-oyster har vest jumped to over 63,000 bushels last year. That’s roughly 5 million farmed oysters. As of January 2017, about 6,100 acres were under lease and another hundred applications were pending. About 40% of these leases are in the mid-Eastern Shore counties, nearly all in Dorchester (94) and Talbot (59). Working together, they just may get this thing turned around. As T. J. pulled a basket from the f lupsy

rig at Phillips Wharf, we noticed that the water inside was crystal clear, very different from the water beside the f loat. The little guys were already helping! I appreciated the help from T. J. Himmelman and R ick Brow n in writing this article. And very special thanks go to Don Webster, Senior Agent at the Wye Research and Education Center, University of Maryland, for patiently responding to every one of my many curious and ill-informed questions. Gary Crawford and his wife, Susan, own and operate Crawfords Nautical Books, a unique bookstore on Tilghman’s Island.

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Changes: Foiled Again Part II by Roger Vaughan As the Oracle team prepared for America’s Cup XXXIII in 2010, one of the reasons a wing sail was under consideration for the 115-foot trimaran was the concern that a soft sail would not stand up for long under the constant stress of high winds. If the tri had to sail in 20 knots of wind, after adding boat speed, that would mean an apparent wind of 50 knots or more would be passing over the sails. The fear was that after several hours in those conditions, any fabric would f lap itself to failure. In 2009, the list of those who understood hard wing sails was short. Topping that list was David Hubbard, an MIT-trained engineer who had been designing wing sails for the 25-foot, 2-person, Class C catamarans since 1971. In 1973, Hubbard had designed a C-cat wing with two vertical elements. Think of an airplane wing with a f lap running the full length. That was the essence of Hubbard’s wing sail design for Dennis Conner’s Cup-winning Stars and Stripes in 1988. Oracle design boss Mike Drummond was convinced; Stars and Stripes had proved a wing

Mike Drummond sail would be more efficient in light wind. Since a light wind location for the Cup match was being sought by defender Alinghi, Drummond called Dave Hubbard. Meanwhile, the struggle continued to build a large trimaran strong enough to withstand the enormous loads projected, while keeping it light enough to outperform Alinghi’s catamaran. The tri had been selected over a catamaran on the advice of French multihull expert Michel Kemarec who had designed several large, round-the-world multihulls. Hervé Devaux, who did the


Foiled Again structural design for Conner’s wing in 1988, was also pro-trimaran. Alinghi went with a cat because that’s what they knew from European multihull competition. Among the more difficult challenges presented by the trimaran was designing and building the

Jim Spithill, skipper of BOR17

bowsprit. The bow of the main, middle hull was plumb, and so short deck-to-bottom that the angle for typical support struts was insufficient. Core Builders lost track of how many they built before one stayed on the boat. One bowsprit broke at the dock just from tensioning the rig. Several others gave up under sail. Another challenge: a tri has three rudders ~ a large one on the hull, and a smaller one on each f loat. Skipper Jim Spithill called the rudder on the hull “a luxury” and had it removed to reduce drag. He found he could still control the boat. And the dagger foil designs were advancing into the unknown. The foils were providing so much lift ~ the boat was sailing on so little of its working (leeward) f loat ~ there was concern it could lose its grip on the water. In 2017, we are used to seeing multihulls, and monohulls like Lasers and Moths ~ even rowing shells, surf and sail boards ~ “foiling” along with f loats or hulls well clear of the water. But at the time, experiencing so much lift was

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a remarkable development, definitely something to get used to and monitor. Reaction was wary, not prohibitive, because reducing wetted surface means less drag, more speed. The mast (for a soft sail) had been the most debated issue. The initial notion of a mast 50 meters tall (165 feet) had caused concern. Mention of a 60-meter mast (196 feet) begat nervous laughter. But when BOR17 (BMW Oracle17 ~ the boat was co-named for the German auto maker-sponsor) first went sailing in San Diego, the mast was 58.8 meters (192’ 9”). The crew reported no sense of being overpowered, so mast #3 (at 60.8 meters ~ 199’ 4”) was begun immediately. Mast #3 was lengthened to 64.7

meters (212’ 3”) while under construction. Those heady numbers were joined by similarly stunning, eyeopening data as sea trials in San Diego continued, producing sobering, life-sized realities the sailors would have to contend with. There was a 75-ton compression load on the mast step; 32 tons on the forestay with the mainsail sheeted in; and 24 tons on the mainsheet, although a seven-part tackle reduced the mainsheet load to 4 tons. Headsails weighed 660 to 880 pounds each. It took five people to move them. Cranes lifted them onto the boat at the dock. Halyards hoisted them off chase boats. Sailors quickly named BOR17 “The Beast” and, when pressed,

Spithill at the helm, 25 feet off the water. 161

Foiled Again confessed they were terrified on a daily basis. Crews began wearing hard hats on board the boat against “stuff” falling off the rig. Blocks were tearing off the deck, and strops were breaking. After a while, crewmen began to understand what might break, what looked right and what didn’t, and where you could stand at any given time and be relatively safe. Bowsprits kept failing, so the sailors gave that area a wide berth. Eventually they would get rid of the hard hats. Tactician John Kostecki, the only sailor ever to win yachting’s grand slam ~ an Olympic medal, the America’s Cup, and the Volvo Ocean Race round the world ~ said, “It wasn’t just a little scary, it was scary. I was more scared on this boat than I was at any time during the Volvo Race.” While the crew wrestled with problems like how to handle dousing headsails in 45 knots of wind across the deck, Jim Spithill was getting used to being 30 to 40 feet

above the water at the helm of the windward f loat. In 15-20 knots of true wind, plus 25 to 35 knots of boat speed, he was standing in a virtual gale all day. The crew wore headsets, otherwise no one could have heard a thing. Spithill’s biggest job was keeping track of the loads on various aspects of the boat that were broadcast on a heads-up display on his sunglasses, like the information a fighter pilot sees on his canopy. Alarms on the various sensors were constantly sounding. Spithill was making the calls: trim this, ease that. He said it all came down to how close to the edge you wanted to sail, how much you wanted to eat into the safety factors. The best professional multi-

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hull sailors Spithill consulted said if he wanted to be fast, he had to be dangerous. This was sailing as extreme sport: sailing on the edge. In one area, BOR17 proved too much for mere mortals. The eight NFL linebacker-quality winch grinders were no match for the needs of the 11,000-square-foot mainsail. A first-class winch man can generate ¼ horsepower for about 60 seconds maximum. Four grinders are sufficient on most big race boats. The Beast had double that, and still it wasn’t enough. With eight men, each of them looking strong enough to bench press a small car, producing a total of two horsepower, it was taking three minutes before the mainsail was

fully trimmed after a tack. The trimming problem was solved by installing a 150-horsepower engine on board, a modification suggested by Alinghi that was okayed by the New York Supreme Court and welcomed by Oracle. The sailing crews took exception. Accepting an engine meant eliminating the eight grinders from the crew. After their months of hard work and devotion to the project, that was a tough call. But utility, while f lying in the face of team loyalty ~ not to mention yachting’s traditional Corinthian values ~ won the day. As for those Corinthian values, they had long ago been replaced by professionalism in the America’s Cup.

The Beast! 163

Foiled Again The trimming engine generated other problems. A mainsheet would last about three weeks with human grinders at work. With the engine on the job, giving trimmers the ability to ease and trim constantly, the winch drums got so hot they were literally melting the sheets. When water was poured on the drums to cool them off, they would sizzle. Sheets had to be replaced after every sailing day. Mast #3 (212’ 3”) had first been stepped in July 2009. It lasted until November 3, when the massive spar broke while The Beast was sailing off San Diego. BOR17 was making 20 knots upwind, fully-

loaded. Mike Drummond was on board that day. He commented the mast didn’t look right. Instantly the crew got ready to bear away, ease everything off, and reevaluate the rig. Too late. There was a sudden, thunderous CR A ACK!! The platform Spithill was standing on split in half. He said it was louder than the sound of a 9mm handgun, the most violent thing he had ever experienced. Trimmer Ross Halcrow was wearing a helmet because the previous day he’d noticed more bend in the boom and was afraid it might break. When he heard the ominous crack, he threw himself on the netting next to the hull. The mast came to rest on his primary winch

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drum, six inches above his head. Crewman Joey Newton was trimming the traveler when the mast came down. He said he and the rest of the guys in the middle of the boat used to talk about how if something happened, they would be on the firing line. He said he was looking up at the mast when it broke. He took two steps and leaped overboard, hoping the chase boats doing 20 knots to keep up with BOR17 wouldn’t run him over. He said the guys later gave him grief about bailing out so early. He didn’t mind. At the time he acted on instinct. Afterwards, lying in bed, was when he was terrified. As luck would have it, the wing had arrived in San Diego a month

before Mast #3 was lost. Core Builders had finished it six months ahead of schedule, a remarkable achievement after a frantic twoand-a-half-year press to build everything else. Core burned people out, had to replace its team twice. Core co-head Tim Smyth said they had one guy who worked 3,349 hours in one year, an average work week of 67 hours. And every one of his hours was productive. As a result of that kind of effort, the day Mast #3 went down, the wing was less than a week from being reassembled after being shipped in many pieces to San Diego from Anacortes, Washington. It took 50 people to wheel the huge wing from its shed to the

Stepping the wing took 50 strong men and a crane. 165

Foiled Again

dock at 4:30 a.m., in the calm of early morning. Dave Hubbard had designed a complex system for putting the wing in the boat that involved a crane, a gin pole, and a May Pole configuration of preventer lines. The crew would eventually master the system, and be

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able raise or lower the wing in an hour and a half. The first time it took eight hours, after which builders who had stayed to help bolted for the airport. They had to start building Mast #4. The whole campaign would be in limbo if the wing didn’t work. The wing was monumentally impressive in the boat, taller than Mast #3 and 80% larger than the wing of a Boeing 747. One observer said it did not look born of the ocean, that it was more like a piece of land-based sculpture. But it was an unqualified success. That first day on San Diego Harbor, BOR17 was seen tacking, jibing, doing figure eights at 20 knots, maneuvers the crew would not have dreamed of doing with the soft sail rig. Spithill said it was like sailing a small boat, one of the most impressive days they’d had on the water. They even f lew a hull that first day, a posture that puts tremendous stress on the entire boat. There were some anxious moments. The wing’s “breaking-in process” did involve a string of breakage. There was a series of eight adjustable f laps along the leech (trailing edge) of the aft segment of the wing. While sailing, a pin securing one of those f laps jumped out of its socket and caused damage. Note: longer pins needed. Then the bottom of the lowest f lap broke off where the traveler attached (no main sheet was needed



Foiled Again on the wing. It was trimmed by the traveler alone). Note: reinforce the bottom f lap. But, although wing logistics were a nightmare, as expected, nothing seriously malfunctioned. Dave Hubbard was noticeably relieved. Managing to conceal most of his pride, Hubbard said after all the work, the hundreds of hours of computer modeling and testing that had been done on the new wing design, it was virtually a larger version of what powered Conner’s catamaran in 1988. And that had been an enlarged version of the 1973 C-cat wing. In January, 2010, five weeks before the America’s Cup match, the Oracle team arrived in Valencia, Spain, with a boatload of baggage that included a 7.4-meter extension for the wing. Mike Drummond had ordered it based on the wing’s performance in San Diego. It worked. The wing now measured 247 feet off the deck. But there were other problems. The halyard lock on the jib let go while sailing. The massive swivel at the head of the sail dropped to the deck, taking out two wing control arms on the way down. The next day, coal dust from a nearby plant jammed the control mechanism of one dagger foil. On a positive note, the team had a wild but reassuring ride in 25 knots of wind and choppy seas. Watching Alinghi’s crew poke its

nose out of the marina, take one look at the conditions and then turn back gave the Oracle boys a chuckle. They sailed 5 miles upwind at high speed with spray f lying. When they turned around to go home, the engine stopped working. The PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) had gotten soaked and quit. The PLC controlled everything, winches included. And because the winch pedestals had been removed when the engine came on board, it made for a difficult sail home. It was the Alinghi team’s turn to chuckle. That evening, when removing the wing from the boat, the trailing edge smacked into the dock, causing damage that took three days to repair. Then, six days before Race 1, a frame in a middle wing f lap broke while sailing. Instead of lowering the wing and giving it a proper fix in the shop, meaning another day lost, Mike Drummond sent a guy from the shore team up the rig with a repair kit. It was one of those decisions that communicated a timely sense of urgency to the team. When racing, nothing is ever perfect. One often has to make do. Glue it together and keep on. The up side was another day of sailing. That was lucky, because two days later a 60-70-knot storm blew through the Valencia waterfront. It was a very uncomfortable 12 hours. The storm blew the sides off the tent covering the wing. If


the tent had come down, goodbye wing, but it held. That storm must have cleared the air. From then on, The Beast and its giant wing started behaving. Watching (on ESPN360) the two boats sailing before the start of Race 1 had sailors on the edge of their seats. Both boats appeared to be animations, impossible creations. They looked so frail, carrying all that sail perched on a framework of floats and crossbeams, the whole lash-up held together with wire cables. The sailors looked tiny. What made me keep replaying the start of Race 1 was the speed USA17 (BOR17 with a patriotic name change) carried into the starting box. The boat was

f lying two of its three hulls, a big, black predator coming in for the kill at more than 20 knots. It was frightening. Alinghi was caught unawares. By coin f lip, she was the burdened vessel on port tack that

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Foiled Again day, slow, sailing with both hulls in the water. Instead of jibing away and buying some time, Alinghi sailed into USA’s path. Penalty to Alinghi, meaning it would have to do a 360-degree turn before finishing. In a multihull, a 360-degree turn takes forever. But then Spithill got greedy, went against smart advice that had cautioned him against using downspeed tactics in a multihull, and engaged Alinghi, took them head to wind. He got stuck in irons, probably wishing he hadn’t gotten rid

of that big rudder, while Alinghi sailed away and started 660 meters (half a mile!) ahead of USA17. But wait: after three minutes of sailing, Alinghi’s lead was cut to 435 meters, and while Alinghi had started to windward of USA17, Oracle’s boat was now to windward. USA17’s upwind sailing angle was measured at 7 degrees (for comparison, the previous Cup boat, the IACC monohull, could sail at 19 degrees upwind). The wing was brilliant. It was no contest. USA17 was higher and faster, the unbeatable combination. Even downwind, where Alinghi’s lighter

Alinghi (right) and USA17. 170

catamaran was supposed to excel, USA17 stretched out to win Race 1 by more than fifteen minutes. Alinghi committed another foul at the start of Race 2, entering the starting box early. That allowed USA17, the burdened port tack boat this time, to escape any aggressive tactics on Alinghi’s part. USA17 got the start this time and went left. Alinghi crossed the line a full minute late and went right. USA17 broke the cardinal rule of match racing by not covering, and paid the price when Alinghi got a favorable shift and pulled even with the Oracle boat. The situation approaching the weather mark (a starboard rounding) provided the only interesting

tactical moment in either race. USA17 was two boat lengths behind Alinghi, but first to the layline. John Kostecki called a tack. USA17 tacked onto port. Here came Alinghi on starboard, with right of way. But her lead by two boat lengths was insufficient for her to tack under USA17 without tacking too close and committing a foul. If she tacked too early, she could miss the layline. For those reasons, Alinghi sailed on. USA17 dipped astern of the Swiss boat. Alinghi tacked above and was (now) behind USA17, which now had inside position at the mark. Race over. After many years of legal haggling, Mission Impossible design and building programs, Call Us: 410-725-4643

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Foiled Again

and a brutal learning curve for all, America’s Cup XXXIII was won by Oracle. Thanks to San Diego’s desperate, innovative defense with a multihull in 1988, followed by the pitched legal battle between Larry Ellison and Ernesto Bertarelli, the America’s Cup is now sailed in multihulls. We’ll never see the 100-footers again. Despite the consummation of the best technology, designers, builders, and sailors money could buy, both crews were quietly amazed their boats made it around the America’s Cup course twice, without mishap. Seventy-two-foot catamarans were sailed in the next Cup match, in 2013, and even those ended up being shelved as too dangerous. But on September 7, 2012, something had happened that rocked the sailing world, and assured the presence of multihulls in the Cup for the indefinite future: Team New Zealand released a video showing its 72-footer foiling for a sustained period, with both hulls free and clear of the water.

For America’s Cup XXXV this month in Bermuda, 48-foot onedesign catamarans will be competing for the oldest ongoing trophy in sports; 48-foot foiling cats with a crew of six ~ four of whom are constantly cranking handles to power the hydraulic system ~ and a virtual seventh crew consisting of a digital program that indicates (among other things) when a team should power up to cross the starting line precisely at the gun. Data says whichever team wins the start will win the race 80 percent of the time. The Cup really has become NASCAR on the water, because it is all about speed. These days NASCAR has a thing called the “NASCAR Nap,” a snooze taken from shortly after the start to shortly before the finish. Chances are, an “America’s Cup Nap” will soon be in vogue. In all fairness, even in monohulls, exciting America’s Cup races have always been the exception. But at least in monohulls they were grand, picturesque, stately affairs. Visitors to Bermuda can always watch the J-Class yachts racing. There are seven in attendance. That will be grand. Roger Vaughan’s latest book, The Medal Maker - A Biography of Victor Kovalenko, will be launched later this month.


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Cruise Away to Maryland’s Eastern Shore by Ann Powell

Time stands still when you’re gently swinging on a hook in a quiet cove. There you are, surrounded by serenity, anchored overnight somewhere on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. Before you realize what’s happening, the quietude has captured your heart and crept into your soul. You can’t stop it, and you can’t turn back. Weeks later ~ when you’re back to your workaday real life ~ you’ll ruminate over the smallest details. You might pause to remember swimming off the stern in that warm and salty creek. You’ll

imagine your boat softly bobbing under you as the stars crystallize one by one in the clear night sky overhead. Drowsiness could set in as you sense the rhythmic lap of water on the boat hull. You might picture waking up in your bunk to the calls of sea birds and early fishermen across the water, as the pungent smell of fresh coffee lures you to the galley. Maybe you’ll reminisce about pulling anchor and saying goodbye to your quiet cove from the bow as your boat departs for a new destination. There’s nothing fancy


Cruise Away about any of it, but somehow you’ve become hooked on cruising. The Boating Life The rivers of Maryland’s Eastern Shore are made for overnight cruising. The most remote coves and crannies are perfect anchorages for all sorts of pleasure boaters ~ solo old salts, romantic couples, f leets of friends, and young families with children ~ all cruising on vessels of every size and persuasion. For the crew with a dose of wanderlust, the boat is like a f loating RV, a place to lay your head at night as you voyage from creek to creek. Sleeping on a boat really is a lot like camping, but with water views all around. Cruising offers an intense form

of togetherness for family and friends. My own family has cruised for more than thirty years to anchorages and marinas all over the Chesapeake Bay. Every trip brings unexpected adventures and plenty of quality family time. The Chesapeake’s Many Rivers No question, the human soul needs to be outdoors and in touch with nature. You can get your earthly fix anywhere you choose ~ on a mountain, on a beach, in a meadow, in a city park, or at home in your garden. But if you’ve got the time and the nautical knowhow, you’ll want to be on a boat exploring the Chesapeake. The Bay’s 3,000-plus miles of shoreline, fifty or so rivers, and hundreds of tidal creeks offer a lifetime of possibilities for a cruiser.


We hail from Whitehall Bay near Annapolis and from the Choptank River at Neavitt. The fact is, we make a beeline for the Eastern Shore whenever we can. The mighty Choptank, the Little Choptank, the Wye, the Miles, the Chester, and the Chesapeake’s many other rivers to the north and south are all contenders for a place in our f loat plan. We might drop the hook in Queenstown Creek or Swan Creek or Dun Cove or Hudson Creek. We could be traveling alone or with a little flotilla of sailboats and powerboats cruising together. Rock Hall, Chestertown, St. Michaels, Knapps Narrows, Oxford, and Cambridge are tempting destinations for dinners out and a little shore time to exercise our land legs. No place on the Chesapeake is too far to go if you have a few days, a nautical chart, and a reliable depth sounder. We’ve traveled south as far as the Nanticoke River, Pocomoke Sound, the Rappahannock River, and the York River, and north to the Elk River and the Chesapeake

& Delaware Canal. And we’ve found plenty of gorgeous creeks and friendly marinas in between. When we head out to cruise the Bay, the atmosphere in the cockpit mixes anticipation and excitement with a smidgen of trepidation. You just never know what you’re going to get. Whatever the plan is starting out, you probably won’t stick to it. Whatever the weather is on day one, change will come. The real fun will arise from something you haven’t even dreamed up yet. Chesapeake winds, weather, tides, currents, water depth, and shifting shoals can be fickle and tricky. Getting caught out in a severe thunderstorm or running aground on a shoal can do damage to a skipper’s dignity and vessel, for sure. Any good skipper knows the rules of the road and the responsibilities of seamanship before heading out. Voyages on First Light Our four adult children grew up cruising on our Jeanneau 42 sailboat, Hurricane. Hurricane had


Cruise Away

four staterooms with plenty of berths, and the kids loved our voyages on the Bay, including many extended cruises with friends in the Sailing Club of the Chesapeake. We lived and played in close quarters, meshing our personalities and subtle quirks, as we learned about teamwork, tolerance, patience, and what it means to be a family. These days, it’s often just the two of us on the boat ~ the kids are young adults now and usually have their own Millennial-style plans. We’ve gone over to what some call the “dark side,” with our Sabre 42 powerboat named First Light. None of this could happen without our fearless Captain ~ my boatloving husband is a seasoned mariner. He’s the Captain for sure, and I suppose after 35 years of boating together, I qualify as the first mate, chief cook, and bottle washer. By some standards, I am a relative newbie in the boating world, and

I’ll be the first to admit that I have a major problem remembering how to tie a bowline knot. Nevertheless, we get along okay, and it all works. So back to First Light. You probably know that every sailboat and powerboat has its own personality and design for sleeping, cooking, and hanging out. First Light gets us wherever we want to go, but a multi-room mansion she is not. Quarters can get a little tight with the family onboard. The boat sleeps six people max ~ unless someone is willing to sleep on the deck. As they say, she “sleeps six, loves eight.” Those twin diesels in the engine room take up an awful lot of space. But somehow the tight fit never gets in the way of the fun. Whatever the size of the crew, we provision the boat with meals, bedding, swim gear, electronics, and everything else needed for a great escape. After somehow stowing all this below deck and then circling back to the dock at least once to retrieve some forgotten item, we’re underway, full steam ahead. Rafting Up and Gunkholing Staying out overnight on the Bay can range from anchoring in an undeveloped cove on the pristine Little Choptank River, to taking a transient slip at a marina in Rock Hall, to grabbing a mooring in Spa Creek at Annapolis. Wherever you are, somehow you have to secure the boat.



Cruise Away Anchoring out is a little more work for the skipper and crew, but the rewards include privacy and quiet, clear water for swimming, the chance to explore by dinghy or kayak, and brilliant sunrises, sunsets, and constellations. Some of the most serene anchorages lie in unfamiliar and difficultto-navigate tributaries, with not

a soul in sight, and those are the “gunkholes” of the Chesapeake. But you don’t have to be a gunkholer to enjoy cruising. Sometimes boat captains looking to anchor out with friends choose to “raft up,” pulling alongside and tying up their vessels to one another. The procedure for rafting up is well rehearsed with a seasoned crew. An anchor is set by the “mother ship,” and the raft


then forms by lashing the vessels together one at a time and side by side. Fenders are placed between the boats to protect the hulls and rigging in case of rough water from boat wakes or bad weather. It’s quite a production ~ our largest raft was a circle of twenty boats ~ but most rafts are maybe two to four boats on one hook. Perhaps you’ve seen a large raft in a nearby creek and wondered how those folks know how to have all the fun. Whiling Away a Summer Afternoon When the skippers are satisfied that the anchor is holding or the raft is set in good form, kids and adults jump in to cool off. This is the time to bring out the water toys and small boats ~ maybe a standup paddleboard, a wind surfer, a sailing dinghy, a kayak, or just a swim f loat and water cannon. The skippers tinker happily with boat maintenance tasks, the appetizers appear from the galley, and lazy conversations carry from boat to boat. Visitors arrive by

dinghy from other rafts, barbecue grills are mounted on boat sterns, kids gather for board games while adults chat. Sometimes everyone dinghies to shore for group picnics. But mostly folks just ~ well, they just hang out. And why not? The weather is gorgeous, the water is warm, and everyone’s in the mood to play on the Bay. First Light is well equipped for fun. We carry the paddleboard and one kayak secured on the forward deck along the portside rail, with a second kayak lodged along the starboard rail. The inf latable dinghy is hauled up with davits on the stern swim platform. To be sure, some planning and a lot of muscle are needed to get everything in place and secured for the ride down the Bay.

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Cruise Away Once we’re anchored, our wellloved dinghy goes in the water to carry us from the mother ship to beaches, shore parties, raft ups, restaurants, and the small towns that dot the Chesapeake shoreline. Our dinghy is a 10-foot rigid inf latable with a 15-horsepower outboard engine and a pair of backup oars, perfect for short excursions. If they’re along and not too settled in with a book or a board game, the family is always happy to hop into the dinghy for an adventure. The dinghy is easy to scoot around in, to dock, and to tuck in somewhere for accessing the shore without getting wet.

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Most towns and restaurants on the Eastern Shore offer a courtesy dinghy dock where you can easily tie up while you dine and walk around. There really is no better way to appreciate the Chesapeake than to see it up close and personal on a small vessel. The great thing about paddleboards, kayaks, and dinghies is that their extremely shallow drafts allow you to paddle where larger vessels can’t go. Most of the Bay is pretty shallow, and small boats give us access to the Bay’s most beautiful concealed places, skimming along skinny waters that deep draft boats can’t navigate. When we’re anchored out in a pristine cove on a languid creek on the Choptank or Miles or Chester, we can while away many a warm afternoon swimming and paddling. A kayak excursion along the shoreline might find us wading onto a sliver of sandy beach to search for sea glass and shells. Time is forgotten as we relax on the hot sand before paddling back to First Light for a cool swim off the stern and lunch onboard.


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Could there be a more perfect way to pass a hot summer day? The true ambiance of Maryland’s rural Eastern Shore is at its finest in the early summer, with crystal-clear blue skies overhead, see-through green waters below, and picturesque fields and farms all around. It feels as if we are the first to discover this part of the Chesapeake. Paddling into the Marsh Almost all Eastern Shore creeks have headwaters that wind away and disappear into narrow channels through beautiful marshes. On a hot summer day, we become intrepid explorers as we paddle our kayaks upstream into one of these murky, marshy waterways.

The channel meanders through tall grasses, narrowing to a few feet wide as we paddle on. All around our kayaks, the cattails, rose mallow, saltmarsh cordgrass, and shimmering blue f lag provide the perfect habitat for the diverse wildlife living here. The sunny marsh is beautiful and bedazzling, with red-winged blackbirds, herons, and dragonf lies f litting through the multicolored vegetation. As we move into the heart of the marsh, the vegetation on either side looms high over our lowriding kayaks. For a moment the marsh seems quiet as the outside sounds of wind, waves, and distant boat engines fade away behind us.


Cruise Away There is a lonely, musty tinge to the smell of the marsh mud under us. Small critters ripple silently on the water surface, and a frog caught off guard leaps suddenly from an algae-covered log. Nearby, a perfect V-shaped wake forms behind a swimming muskrat or a sauntering water snake, creepily approaching but fortunately never arriving. When we stop paddling and wait for the birds, fish, and turtles to emerge, we soon begin to hear and see the abundant life all around us. Now we notice the monarch butterf lies and fiddler crabs and marsh periwinkle feeding in the waving grasses. We stop and drift, and

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soon the collective din of insects, peepers, and birds erupts from what we first took for silence. Stealthily turning our kayaks in the narrow channel, we leave the marsh to make our way back to the mother ship as evening begins to sift over the creek. We pass near a beachy thicket of fallen driftwood at the shoreline and pause to watch a pair of eagles standing guard in the towering pines. Our kayaks move silently through the labyrinth of fallen wood, and it seems as if the eagles somehow accept us as part of their natural world. At least they tolerate our presence. The sound of a boat motor here would have changed everything. The Fleet Retires as Evening Falls The sunset glows auburn on the still water as we arrive back at our anchorage, where a ready-made summer supper and cold drinks await us. Anchored in deep water, First Light makes an ideal base camp for our adventures outward on small boats, expanding the fun at our cruising destinations and providing a micro view of the natural world around us. If the weather holds for the evening, a magical calm settles over the cove as the orange sun-ball shimmers with a last gasp and drops below the horizon. Twilight colors and nature’s sounds lather us with an unusual peace. We


wrap up a great day with cockpit conversations, followed by a good book and a solid night’s sleep in our berths. Morning Comes Early That same orange sun-ball rises maddeningly early when you’re sleeping on a boat. It peeks through every hatch and portal it can find, teaming up with the sound of water lapping on the hull to prod you above deck. An early crabber’s workboat swings by with its rolling wake and the muff led Doppler thrum of its diesel engine. No worries ~ our boat is named First Light for a reason. A pot of coffee is brewing as I roll from my berth. Morning is most beautiful on

a boat. The low early light illuminates the cove and ref lects the shoreline’s deep greens and blues in long watercolor strokes on the water. There is just a hint of cerulean blue ref lected where the sun is winning out over the soft mist. Low-hanging foliage and brush along the shore make shadowy caves for fish and birds. The lime green of a forgotten willow weeps over the mirrored water, and the bright green tips of the loblollies above stand out in the mist. The splash of something unknown near the shore ripples in perfect concentric circles, to the tune of an ever-present multilayered bird symphony. The throaty piercing squawk of a great blue


Cruising the Chesapeake heron and the high sharp cry of an osprey protecting her young carry far across the water. Along the dense shoreline, an abandoned skiff shimmers white, its f laking blue hull barely bobbing in the current as its mossy line tugs on a decaying piling. Beyond the cove, the creek’s mirrored surface ends distinctly where a light breeze ripples the exposed water of the wider river. My ever-ready captain is mopping up the morning dew on the deck and preparing for a short dinghy cruise before we pull anchor and head out. With coffee mugs in hand, we tool around the creek by dinghy, checking out the sunlit soybean fields on the shoreline, the aging waterfront estates with their crumbling barns, and the workboats docked at down-on-theirluck boatyards. A New Destination Back on the mother ship, the skippers consult about their morn-

ing weather check and destination planning. We’re in departure mode now, heading out before the wind picks up. Our next anchorage could bring anything ~ a whole new adventure, a wild weather event, a time of quiet ref lection, or one big, fun raft up with friends. Cruising the Eastern Shore can feel like exploring the next frontier, an outer boundary where we can search for a new perspective on the world. Places and things seem very different and far away when we approach them by water, and time really can stand still. We’ll be thinking about this later, when we’re back home savoring the memories of our time on the Bay ~ and planning our next cruise to Maryland’s Eastern Shore. Ann Powell is a freelance writer, photographer, and former attorney. She and her husband, Eliot, reside in Annapolis and Neavitt, Maryland.

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Kent County and Chestertown at a Glance Kent County is a treasury of early American history. Its principal towns and back roads abound with beautiful old homes and historic landmarks. The area was first explored by Captain John Smith in 1608. Kent County was founded in 1642 and named for the shire in England that was the home of many of Kent’s earliest colonists. When the first legislature assembled in 1649, Kent County was one of two counties in the colony, thus making it the oldest on the Eastern Shore. It extended from Kent Island to the present boundary. The first settlement, New Yarmouth, thrived for a time and, until the founding of Chestertown, was the area’s economic, social and religious center. Chestertown, the county seat, was founded in 1706 and served as a port of entry during colonial times. A town rich in history, its attractions include a blend of past and present. Its brick sidewalks and attractive antiques stores, restaurants and inns beckon all to wander through the historic district and enjoy homes and places with architecture ranging from the Georgian mansions of wealthy colonial merchants to the elaborate style of the Victorian era. Second largest district of restored 18th-century homes in Maryland, Chestertown is also home to Washington College, the nation’s tenth oldest liberal arts college, founded in 1782. Washington College was also the only college that was given permission by George Washington for the use of his name, as well as given a personal donation of money. The beauty of the Eastern Shore and its waterways, the opportunity for boating and recreation, the tranquility of a rural setting and the ambiance of living history offer both visitors and residents a variety of pleasing experiences. A wealth of events and local entertainment make a visit to Chestertown special at any time of the year. For more information about events and attractions in Kent County, contact the Kent County Visitor Center at 410-778-0416, visit www. or e-mail For information about the Historical Society of Kent County, call 410-778-3499 or visit For information specific to Chestertown visit 189


Queen Anne’s County The history of Queen Anne’s County dates back to the earliest Colonial settlements in Maryland. Small hamlets began appearing in the northern portion of the county in the 1600s. Early communities grew up around transportation routes, the rivers and streams, and then roads and eventually railroads. Small towns were centers of economic and social activity and evolved over the years from thriving centers of tobacco trade to communities boosted by the railroad boom. Queenstown was the original county seat when Queen Anne’s County was created in 1706, but that designation was passed on to Centreville in 1782. It’s location was important during the 18th century, because it is near a creek that, during that time, could be navigated by tradesmen. A hub for shipping and receiving, Queenstown was attacked by English troops during the War of 1812. Construction of the Federal-style courthouse in Centreville began in 1791 and is the oldest courthouse in continuous use in the state of Maryland. Today, Centreville is the largest town in Queen Anne’s County. With its relaxed lifestyle and tree-lined streets, it is a classic example of small town America. The Stevensville Historic District, also known as Historic Stevensville, is a national historic district in downtown Stevensville, Queen Anne’s County. It contains roughly 100 historic structures, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is located primarily along East Main Street, a portion of Love Point Road, and a former section of Cockey Lane. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center in Chester at Kent Narrows provides and overview of the Chesapeake region’s heritage, resources and culture. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center serves as Queen Anne’s County’s official welcome center. Queen Anne’s County is also home to the Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center (formerly Horsehead Wetland Center), located in Grasonville. The CBEC is a 500-acre preserve just 15 minutes from the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. Over 200 species of birds have been recorded in the area. Embraced by miles of scenic Chesapeake Bay waterways and graced with acres of pastoral rural landscape, Queen Anne’s County offers a relaxing environment for visitors and locals alike. For more information about Queen Anne’s County, visit 191


you belong here‌

Peddle Caroline County! Our rural roads and small towns are favorite destinations for cross-country cyclists. Others prefer off-road trails that wind through the woods at Martinak and Tuckahoe State Parks, while families enjoy the sights along Marshyhope Creek Greenway Trail.

For a FREE Cycling Guide, contact 410.479.0655 or

Find out moree online onli on line li ne at at 192

Caroline County – A Perspective Caroline County is the very definition of a rural community. For more than 300 years, the county’s economy has been based on “market” agriculture. Caroline County was created in 1773 from Dorchester and Queen Anne’s counties. The county was named for Lady Caroline Eden, the wife of Maryland’s last colonial governor, Robert Eden (1741-1784). Denton, the county seat, was situated on a point between two ferry boat landings. Much of the business district in Denton was wiped out by the fire of 1863. Following the Civil War, Denton’s location about fifty miles up the Choptank River from the Chesapeake Bay enabled it to become an important shipping point for agricultural products. Denton became a regular port-ofcall for Baltimore-based steamer lines in the latter half of the 19th century. Preston was the site of three Underground Railroad stations during the 1840s and 1850s. One of those stations was operated by Harriet Tubman’s parents, Benjamin and Harriet Ross. When Tubman’s parents were exposed by a traitor, she smuggled them to safety in Wilmington, Delaware. Linchester Mill, just east of Preston, can be traced back to 1681, and possibly as early as 1670. The mill is the last of 26 water-powered mills to operate in Caroline County and is currently being restored. The long-term goals include rebuilding the millpond, rehabilitating the mill equipment, restoring the miller’s dwelling, and opening the historic mill on a scheduled basis. Federalsburg is located on Marshyhope Creek in the southern-most part of Caroline County. Agriculture is still a major portion of the industry in the area; however, Federalsburg is rapidly being discovered and there is a noticeable influx of people, expansion and development. Ridgely has found a niche as the “Strawberry Capital of the World.” The present streetscape, lined with stately Victorian homes, reflects the transient prosperity during the countywide canning boom (1895-1919). Hanover Foods, formerly an enterprise of Saulsbury Bros. Inc., for more than 100 years, is the last of more than 250 food processors that once operated in the Caroline County region. Points of interest in Caroline County include the Museum of Rural Life in Denton, Adkins Arboretum near Ridgely, and the Mason-Dixon Crown Stone in Marydel. To contact the Caroline County Office of Tourism, call 410-479-0655 or visit their website at 193

Exceptional Custom Residential Homes & Renovations Discerning Historical Rejuvenations Quality Commercial Design 410.822.3130 ¡ 194





























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“Calendar of Events” notices: Please contact us at 410-226-0422; fax the information to 410-226-0411; write to us at Tidewater Times, P. O. Box 1141, Easton, MD 21601; or e-mail to The deadline is the 1st of the month preceding publication (i.e., June 1 for the July issue). Daily Meeting: Mid-Shore Intergroup Alcoholics Anonymous. For places and times, call 410822-4226 or visit Daily Meeting: Al-Anon and Alateen - For a complete list of times and locations in the Mid-Shore a re a, v i sit ea ste r n shore Every Thurs.-Sat. Amish Country Farmer’s Market in Easton. An indoor market offering fresh produce, meats, dairy products, furniture and more. 101 Marlboro Ave. For more info. tel: 410-822-8989.

Thru June 9 Exhibit: Parts and Labor ~ A Survey Exhibition of Print and Collage Works by Steven Ford at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit Thru July 9 Exhibit: FABRICation at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. FABRICation features seven artists (Erin Castellan, K r i s t y D e e t z , V i r g i n i a D er r yber r y, Reni G ower, R achel Hayes, Susan Iverson and Natalie Smith) who incorporate a textile sensibility in their artwork through elements of fabric and fabrication. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit


June Calendar

Ballroom Classes with Amanda Showel l at t he Ac ademy A r t Museum, Easton. Tuesday and T hu r s d a y n i g ht s . Fo r m o r e info. tel: 410-482-6169 or visit Thru July 16 Exhibit: Luminous Forms ~ Marble and Bron ze Sculpt ure by Shelley Robzen at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. For more info. tel: 410822-ARTS (2787) or visit

Thru July 19 Exhibit: Easton Abstract by Diana Kingman at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit 1 Dog Walking at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 9 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 1,6,8,13,15,20,22,27,29 Steady and Strong exercise class at the Oxford Community Center. 10:30 a.m. $8 per class. For more info. tel: 410-226-5904 or visit 1,6,8,13,15,20,22,27,29 Adult

1,8,15,22,29 Men’s Group Meeting at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 7:30 to 9 a.m. Weekly meeting where men can frankly and openly deal with issues in their lives. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit 1,8,15,22,29 Thursday Studio ~ a Weekly Mentored Painting Session with Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Full day: 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. ($150/4 weeks for members). Half day: 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. or 12:30-3:30 p.m. ($95/4 weeks for members). Drop-in fee (payable directly to instructor): $45 full day (10 a.m.-4 p.m.); $25 half day (10 a.m.-1 p.m. or 1-4 p.m.). For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 1,8,15,22,29 Mahjong at the St. Michaels Communit y Center. 10 a.m. to noon on Thursdays. Open to all who want to learn this ancient Chinese game of skill. Drop-ins welcome. Free. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073 or visit


1,8,15,22,29 Cambridge Farmer’s Market at the 500 block of Race Street. 3 to 6 p.m. For more info. e-mail cambridgemktmgr@aol. com. 1,8,15,22,29 Kent Island Farmer’s Market from 3:30 to 6:30 p.m. every Thursday at Christ Church, 830 Romancoke Rd., Stevensville. For more info. visit 1,8,15,22,29 Open Mic & Jam at RAR Brewing in Cambridge. Thursdays f rom 7 to 11 p.m. Listen to live acoustic music by local musicians, or bring your own instrument and join in. For more info. tel: 443-225-5664.

1,11,22 Guided kayak tour at the Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center, Grasonville. No experience necessary. An estimated 2 hours of paddling time is scheduled. June 1 at 5:30 p.m., June 11 at 1 p.m., and June 22 at 5:30 p.m. $15 for CBEC members and $20 for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-827-6694 or visit 2 Monthly Coffee & Critique with Katie Cassidy and Diane DuBois

A beautiful 400-acre science education center and farm on the shores of Pickering Creek. Come explore our forests, shoreline, fields, wetlands and nature trails. Check out our adult and family programs! 11450 Audubon Lane, Easton 410-822-4903 · 197

June Calendar Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to noon. $10 per person. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 2 First Friday in downtown Easton. Art galleries offer new shows and have many of their artists present throughout the evening. Tour the galleries, sip a drink and explore the fine talents of local artists. 5 to 8 p.m. 2 First Friday in downtown Chestertown. Art galleries offer new shows and have many of their artists present throughout the evening. Tour the galleries, sip a drink and explore the fine talents of local artists. 5 to 8 p.m.

and observers are free. Refreshments provided. 7:30 to 10 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-221-1978 or 410-901-9711. 2 Concert: Jennifer Knapp in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 2-3 Workshop: Botanical Illumination with Lee D’Zmura at Adkins A rboret um, R idgely. 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. $115 member, $145 non-member. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit

2 First Friday reception at Studio B Gallery, Easton. 5 to 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 443-988-1818 or visit 2 Rock the Block for Hospice at Pope’s Tavern, Oxford. 7 to 10 p.m. Rain or shine. Bring your lawn chair! For more info. and tickets tel: 410-822-6681. 2 Dorchester Sw ingers Square Dancing Club meets at Maple Elementary School on Egypt Rd., Cambridge. $7 for guest members to dance. Club members

2-4 Garden of Quilts sponsored by the Bayside Quilters of the Eastern Shore, Inc. Quilts will be hung in var ious locations throughout Oxford, including the Oxford Community Center, t he Joh n We sle y Me t ho d i s t Episcopal Church, and in Old St. Paul’s Church. A vendor mall will be located at the Oxford Fire Hall. Again this year, the quilt


show will be held in conjunction with the Oxford Garden Club’s bi-annual show featuring the charming gardens of Oxford. The quilt show is Friday and Saturday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sunday from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. $10. The garden show is Saturday, June 3 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more info. visit 2-4 Play: A Midsummer Night’s D r e am, pr e s ente d by Shor e Sh a ke sp e a r e , at A d k i n s A r boretum, Ridgely. Friday and Saturday at 6 p.m. and Sunday at 3 p.m. $15. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847 or visit

acrylic, and pastel, along with works in pen and ink, mixed media and printmaking. For more info. about The Working Artists Forum, visit Receptions for this show will be held on June 10 and July 8, from 5 to 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-745-5059, or visit 2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24,30 Rock ’N’ Bowl at Choptank Bowling Center, Cambridge. 9 to 11:59 p.m. Unlimited bowling, includes food and drink specials, blacklighting, disco lights and jammin’ music. Rental shoes included. $13.99 every Friday and Saturday night. For more info. visit 2,9,16,23,30 Meeting: Fr iday Morning Artists at Denny’s in Easton. 8 a.m. All disciplines welcome. Free. For more info. tel: 443-955-2490.

2-July 30 Exhibit ~ A Brush with Summer features members of The Working Artists Forum at the A.M. Gravely Gallery, St. Michaels. For this show, member artists of The Working Artists For u m w i l l d i splay or ig i na l pa i nt i ng s i n oi l, waterc olor,

2,9,16,23,30 Meeting: Vets Helping Vets at the Hurlock American Legion #243. 9 a.m. Informational meeting to help vets find services. For more info. tel: 410943-8205 after 4 p.m. 2,9,16,23,30 Bingo! every Friday night at the Easton Volunteer Fire Department on Creamery Lane, Easton. Doors open at 6:30 p.m. and games start at


June Calendar

For ages 15 and younger. The number of “loaner” fishing rods is limited, so it is recommended you bring your own if you have one. In par tnership w ith the Friends of Blackwater and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. To pre-register tel: 410-228-2677.

7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-4848. 2,9,16,23,30 Lighthouse Overnight at t he Chesapea ke Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. For yout h groups, child ren’s organizations, and scouts ages 8-12 (and their chaperones). For more info. contact Volunteer & Education Coordinator Allison Speight at 410-745-4941 or by email


3 Classic Cars and Coffee at the Oxford Community Center from 8:30 to 10:30 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-226-5904 or visit 3 9th annual Youth Fishing Fun D ay at Bl ac k w ater Nat ion a l Wild life Ref uge, Cambr idge.

Oxford Garden Club Garden Shed Sale, from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. in the Town Park. Donated items i nclude a ny t h i ng a s so c iate d with gardening: tools, outdoor furniture, potted plants, soil, garden accessories and books, wind chimes, wheelbarrows, etc. To donate, request a pickup of items, or for more info. contact one of the committee members: Pat Jessup at 410 -226 - 0231, Linda Wilson, 410-226-1430, Cid Walker, 292-210-8383, or Paula Bell, 410-226-0005.

3 Studio Sale: Be Original ~ Buy Art! at the Academy A r t Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. (rain date June 10). The Academy Art Museum’s instructors, artists and students are cleaning out their studios for this one-day sale. For more info. tel: 410-822ARTS (2787) or visit 3 28th annual Strawberry Festival and Craf t Show at St. Luke’s United Methodist Church, St. 200


June Calendar

Co., Foxy’s, and at The Crab Claw Restaurant. Along with great beer and ales, there will be live music and delicious food. For more info. visit

Michaels. 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Celebrate the Eastern Shore strawberry harvest with over 50 artisans displaying quality crafts of all kinds, and strawberries to eat and take home. For more info. tel: 410-745-2534. 3 Antique Car Show and Chicken Barbecue at the Preston Historical Society, Preston. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. For more info. tel: 410673-7032. 3 Wings and Wheels at the Cambridge-Dorchester Airport, Cambridge. 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Enjoy a day of cars, trucks, bikes, and planes, helicopter and plane rides, petting zoo, vendors, food and more! Rain date June 4. $5, 10 and under free. For more info. tel: 410-251-5000. 3 First Sat urday g uided wa lk. 10 a.m. at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. Free for members, $5 admission for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 3 St. Michaels BrewFest will feature over 100 beers including oneoffs, seasonals, collaborations and casks from local, regional & national breweries. Events will take place at the Old Mill behind Eastern Shore Brewing

3 E a s ter n Shor e Jou s t i ng A s sociation will be having a joust starting at 1 p.m. at Worton Park in Worton. Classes consist of leadline, novice, amateur, semipro and professional. Open to the Public. Free Admission. For more info. tel: 410-482-2176. 3,4,10,11,17,18,24,25 Apprentice for a Day Public Boatbuilding Program at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. Pre-registration required. 10 a.m. Saturday to 4 p.m. Sunday. For more info. tel: 410-745-2916 and ask to speak with someone in the boatyard. 3,10,17,24 Easton Farmers Market every Saturday from mid-April through Christmas, from 8 a.m. until 1 p.m. Each week a different


local musical artist is featured f rom 10 a.m. to noon. Tow n parking lot on North Harrison Street. Over 20 vendors. Easton’s Farmers Market is the work of the Avalon Foundation. For more info. visit 3,10,17,24 St. Michaels FRESHFA R M Ma rke t i s one of t he lovel ie s t m a rke t s e t t i ng s i n the country. 8:30 to 11:30 a.m. Farmers offer fresh fruits and vegetables, grass-fed meats and pastured eggs, honey, locally roasted coffee, cut f lowers, potted plants, and more. For more info. v isit f reshfarmmarkets. org/st-michaels. 3,10,17, 24 Inter med iate Yoga with Suzie Hurley at the Oxford Community Center. 9 to 10:30 a.m. $18 per class. For more info. tel: 410-226-5904 or visit 3,10,17,24 Cars and Coffee at the Classic Motor Museum in St. Michaels. 9 to 11 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-745-8979 or visit 3,10,17,24 Historic High Street Wa lk ing Tour in Cambr idge. Experience the beauty and hear the folklore of Cambridge’s High Street. One-hour walking tours are sponsored by the non-profit West End Citizen’s Association

and are accompanied by Colonialgarbed docents. 11 a.m. at Long Wharf. For more info. tel: 410901-1000. 3,10,17,24 Skipjack Sail on the Nathan of Dorchester from 1 to 3 p.m. at Long Wharf, Cambridge. Adults $30; children 6~12 $10; under 6 free. Reservations online at For more info. tel: 410-228-7141. 4 Davis Arts Center Open House at 516 Davis Ave., Easton. 3 to 6 p.m. Celebrating its expansion and featuring eight new artist studios and showcasing the work of over a dozen Artists in Residence. Music by Sweetfoot Studios. Light fare. Many items will be for sale. For more info. tel: 917-653-3290. 4 Concert: A Tour of the World at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 5:30 p.m. Opening concert of the 2017 Chamber Music Festival. For more info. tel: 410-819-0380 or visit 4-17 National Music Festival in Chestertown. All National Music Festival apprentices attend tuition free! For two weeks these musicians live and work together, presenting over 35 concerts ~ ranging from solo recitals to large symphony orchestra performances with chorus ~ and 200 free open rehearsals for music


June Calendar

For more info. tel: 410 -7 70 9400. 5,12,19,26 Meeting: Overeaters Anonymous at UM Shore Medical Center in Easton. 5:15 to 6:15 p.m. For more info. visit

lovers from all over the world. A Festival season pass is $250. Single-concert tickets range in price from $10 to $20. For more info. tel: 443-480-0221 or visit 5

Me e t i ng: L i ve Pl ay w r ig ht s’ Society at the Garfield Center, Chestertown. 7:30 to 9 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-810-2060.

5,7,12,14,19,21,26,28 Free Blood Pressure Screening from 9 a.m. to noon, Mondays and Wednesd ay s at Un iver sit y of Ma r yla nd Shore Reg iona l He a lt h Diagnostic and Imaging Center, Easton. For more info. tel: 410820-7778. 5,12,19,26 Acupuncture MiniSessions at the Universit y of Maryland Shore Regional Health Center in Easton. 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. $20 per session. Participation offered on a walk-in basis, first come, first served.

5,12,19,26 Monday Night Trivia at the Market Street Public House, Denton. 7:30 to 9:30 p.m. Join host Norm Amorose for a funfilled evening. For more info. tel: 410-479-4720. 6 Meeting: Breast Feeding Support Group from 10 to 11:30 a.m. at UM Shore Medical Center in Easton. For more info. tel: 410-822-1000 or visit 6 Chamber Music Festival concert at Trinity Cathedral, Easton. 5:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-8190380 or visit chesapeakemusic. org. 6 Meeting: Eastern Shore Amputee Suppor t Group at the Easton YMCA. 6 p.m. Everyone is welcome. For more info. tel: 410820-9695. 6 Mov ie Night at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 7 to 9 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit 6,13,20,27 Tour of Horn Point Lab,


Cambridge. Tuesdays from 10 to 11:30 a.m. The community is invited on a 90-minute walking tour throughout the Horn Point facility. Best suited for ages 10 and older, groups and special tours may be arranged. For more info. tel: 410-221-8383. 6,13,27 Story Time at the Talbot County Free Librar y, Easton. Tuesdays at 10 a.m. For children 5 and under accompanied by an adult. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit 6,20 Grief Support Group at the Dorchester County Library, Cambr idge. 6 p.m. Sponsored by Coastal Hospice & Palliative Care. For more info. tel: 443-978-0218. 7 Nature as Muse at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 9 to 11 a.m. Enjoy writing as a way of exploring nature. A different prompt presented in each session offers a suggestion for the morning’s theme. Free for members, $5 for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 7 Open Rehearsal for the Chamber Music Festival at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-0380 or visit 7 Community Acupuncture Clinic at

Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 5:30 to 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit 7 Concert: Paolo Alderighi and Stephanie Trick at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 7,14,21,28 Meeting: Wednesday Morning Artists. 8 a.m. at Creek Deli in Cambridge. No cost. All disciplines and skill levels welcome. Guest speakers, roundtable discussions, studio tours, and other art-related activities. For more info. visit Facebook or tel: 410-463-0148. 7,14,21,28 Chair Yoga with Susan Irwin at the St. Michaels Housing Authority Community Room, Dodson Ave. 9:30 to 10:15 a.m. Free. For more info. tel: 410-7456073 or visit 7,14,21,28 The Senior Gathering at the St. Michaels Community


June Calendar Center, 10:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073 or visit 7,14,21,28 Meeting: Choptank Writers Group from 3 to 5 p.m. at t he Dorchester Center for the Arts, Cambridge. Everyone interested in writing is invited to participate. For more info. tel: 443-521-0039.

9 Chamber Music Festival concert at Christ Church, Easton. 5:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-0380 or visit 9 Concert: Kaia Kater in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

8 Lecture: David Haskell Presents The Songs of Trees at the Academy Art Museum, Easton, in conjunction with Adkins Arboretum. 4 to 6 p.m. Members $15 , non-members $20. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 8 Chamber Music Festival concert at the Tred Avon Yacht Club, Oxford. 5:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-0380 or visit 8 Concert: Josh Ritter at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 8,17 Guided Hike at the Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center, Grasonville. 1 to 3 p.m. Free for CBEC members, $5 for nonmembers. For more info. visit

9-11 Workshop: Relief Monoprint w ith Rosemar y Cooley at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. $175 members, $210 non-members, $35 material fee to instructor. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit 9-25 Play: You’re a Good Man,


Charlie Brown by Clark Gesner at t he Chu r c h Hi l l T he at r e , Church Hill. Join Charlie Brown, Snoopy, Linus, and the gang in this family-friendly show. For show times and ticket info. tel: 410-556-6003 or visit 10 3rd a n nua l Spor t i ng Clay s Classic at The Point at Pintail, Q ue en stow n, to suppor t t he Cla rk C omprehensive Brea st Center. Registration begins at 8 a.m. $125 per individual and $500 per team of four. For more info. tel: 410-822-1000, ext. 5763 or visit 10 Giant Yard Sale at American

Legion Post 70 in Easton (behind WalMart). 8 a.m. to noon. Rain date June 17. For more info. tel: 443-995-5873. 10 Neav itt Flea Market from 8 a.m. to noon. The market will have some 20 tables of vendors with bargains galore. Unusual collectibles, tools, boat gear, antiques, books, furniture, sports equipment, pottery, dishes and housewares will be up for grabs in the Neavitt county park. Rain date June 11. The flea market is sponsored by the Neavitt Community Association and proceeds benefit the activities sponsored by the NCA. For more info. tel: 410745-9127.

easton cigar & smoke shop

6 glenwood ave. @ s. washington st. • easton 410-770-5084• 207

June Calendar 10 Nautical Flea Market in celebration of National Marina Day. 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. at Campbell’s Boatyards, 26106A Bachelor Harbor Drive, Oxford. Rain or shine. For more info. tel: 410-226-5592. 10 Friends of the Librar y Second Saturday Book Sale at the Dorchester County Public Library, Cambridge. 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-228-7331 or visit 10 Soup ‘n Walk at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 11 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. Following a guided walk with a docent naturalist, enjoy a delicious and nutritious lunch along with a brief lesson about nutrition. Copies of recipes are provided. $20 members, $25 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 10 Second Saturday at the Artsway from 2 to 4 p.m., 401 Market Street, Denton. Interact w ith artists as they demonstrate their work. For more info. tel: 410-4791009 or visit 10 Second Saturday and Art Walk in Historic Downtown Cambridge on Race, Poplar, Muir and High streets. Shops will be open late. Galleries will be opening new shows and holding receptions.

Restaurants w ill feature live music. 5 to 9 p.m. For more info. visit 10 Tour, Toast & Taste ~ An elegant affair to benefit the work of Pickering Creek Audubon Center at the 19th century Eastern Shore estate Harleigh in Oxford. 5:30 to 8:30 p.m. House tour of Harleigh, food, drink, entertainment and live and silent auctions. $125 in advance or $150 at the door. For more info. tel: 410-822-4903 or visit 10 Second Saturday Art Night Out in St. Michaels. Take a walking tour of St. Michaels’ six fine art galleries, all centrally located on Talbot Street. For more info. visit 10 Chamber Music Festival concert at Academy Art Museum, Easton. 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410819-0380 or visit 10 Concert: Chris Milam in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 10,24 Country Church Breakfast at Faith Chapel and Trappe United Methodist churches in Wesley Ha l l, Trappe. 7:30 to 10:30 a.m. TUMC is also the home of


“Martha’s Closet” Yard Sale and C om mu n it y O ut re ach Store, open during the breakfast and every Wednesday from 8:30 a.m. to noon.

D. W. Yearsley Custom Farming, Inc.

11 Ironman 70.3 Eagleman Triathlon through Dorchester County. The triathletes swim 1.2 miles in the waters of the Choptank, c y c le 5 6 m i le s t h r ou g h t he stunning Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, and run 13.1 mi les t hroug h t he st reets of Cambridge. For more info. visit 11 Firehouse Breakfast at the Oxford Volunteer Fire Company. 8 to 11 a.m. Proceeds to benefit fire and ambulance services. $10 for adults and $5 for children under 10. For more info. tel: 410-226-5110. 11 All-You-Can-Eat breakfast at A mer ic a n L eg ion Post 70 in Easton (behind WalMart). 8 to 11 a.m. $9. Carry-out available. For more info. tel: 410-822-9138. 11 Annapolis Decoy Show from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. at the Annapolis Elks Lodge, Edgewater. Antique duc k de c o y s , c onte mp or a r y carvings, hunting and fishing items, sporting art, books and more. Free. For more info. tel: 703-912-2949. 209

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June Calendar

ress (sew ing, knitting, crossstitch, what-have-you). Limited instruction available for beginners and newcomers. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit 12 Open Mic Night at the Academy A r t Museum, Easton. 7 to 10 p.m. Open Mic is a supportive spac e for ou r c om mu n it y to share and cultivate the creativity and talents that thrive here. For more info. e-mail RayRemesch@


Nat u re’s I nterc on ne c t ion s: Summer Wildf lowers at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 1 to 2:30 p.m. The walk is free for members and free with $5 admission for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit

11 Chamber Music Festival concert at Aspen Institute, Queenstown. 3 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-8190380 or visit chesapeakemusic. org. 12 Meeting: Caroline County AARP #915 at noon at the Church of the Nazarene in Denton. Come join the fun! For more info. tel:410482-6039. 12 Stitching Time at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 3 to 5 p.m. Bring projects in prog-

13 Open Rehearsal for the Chamber Music Festival at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-0380 or visit 13 Cof fee w it h a Cop ~ Police Chief Anthony Smith of the St. Michaels Police Department will speak at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels at 1 p.m. Here is your chance to learn how police officers do their job. Learn the kinds of equipment they use and their strategies for being proactive. You will have the opportunity to ask questions about current methods of policing. For more info. tel: 410-745-2178. 13,27 Buddhist Study Group at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living, Easton. 6:30 to 8 p.m. Open to the public. For more


info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit 13,27 Meeting: Tidewater Stamp Club at the Mayor and Council Building, Easton. 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1371 or visit 14 Early-Morning Walk at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 8 to 9:30 a.m. Dress for the weather. Cancellations only in extreme weather. For more info. tel: 410634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 14 Meeting: Bayside Quilters from 9 a.m. to noon at the Easton Volunteer Fire Department on Aurora Park Drive, Easton. Guests are welcome, memberships are available. For more info. e-mail 14 Chamber Music Festival concert at the Oxford Community Center, Oxford. 5:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-0380 or visit

14 Grief Support Group Meeting ~ Together: Silent No More at Talbot Hospice, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. Support group for those who have lost a loved one to substance abuse or addiction. For more info. tel: 410-822-6681. 14 Peer Support Group Meeting ~ Together: Positive Approaches at the Bank of America building, 8 Goldsboro Street, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. Peer support group for family members currently struggling with a loved one with substance use disorder, led by trained facilitators. Free. For more info. e-mail 14 Meeting: Baywater Camera Club at the Dorchester Center for the Arts, Cambridge. 6 to 8 p.m. All are welcome. For more info. tel: 443-939-7744. 14 Workshop: Native Plants for Happy Pollinators at Environmental Concern, St. Michaels. 6:30 to 7:30 p.m. $10. Pre-reg-

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June Calendar

at Pleasant Day Medical Adult Day Care in Cambridge. 1 to 2 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-2280190 or visit 15 Third Thursday in downtown Denton from 5 to 7 p.m. Shop for one-of-a-kind floral arrangements, gifts and home decor, dine out on a porch with views of the Choptank River, or enjoy a stroll around town as businesses extend their hours. For more info. tel: 410-479-0655.

istration is required. For more info. tel: 410-745-9620 or visit 1 4 Me et i ng: O pt i m i st Club at Hunter’s Tavern, Tidewater Inn, Easton. 6:30 to 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-310-9347. 14,28 Bay Hundred Chess Club from 1 to 3 p.m. at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. Players gather for friendly competition and instruction. For more info. tel: 410-745-9490. 15 Stroke Survivor’s Support Group

15-16 Boater Safety Course at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. 6 to 10 p.m. $25. Individuals and families with children over age 12 are welcome to participate in our Boater’s Safety certification program and learn the basics needed to operate a vessel on Maryland water ways. MD boaters born after July 1, 1972 are required to have a Certificate of Boating Safet y Educ at ion. Graduates of our two-day Department of Nat ura l Resources-approved course are awarded a certificate that is good for life. For more info. tel: 410-745-4941 or e-mail 16 Shore Kayak Series with the MidShore Riverkeeper Conservancy. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. at Blackwater Wildlife Refuge. Pack a lunch and prepare to paddle one of the East-


ern Shore’s most famous marsh systems. $40 for non-members, $25 for members. For more info. tel: 443-385-0511 or visit 16 Mid-Shore Pro Bono Legal Clinic at the Dorchester County Public Library, Cambridge. 1 to 3 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-690-8128 or visit 16 Chamber Music Festival concert at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 5:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-0380 or visit 16-18 30th annual Antique and Classic Boat Festival at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. Wooden Classics, vintage racers, and other antique a nd Che sapea ke Bay-related boats will be on display. Hosted by the Chesapeake Bay Chapter of the Antique and Classic Boat Society. Along with displays there will be workshops and seminars, building demonstrations, family activities, a nautical flea market and more. Friday from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m., Saturday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sunday from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. $5 for CBMM adult members, or $18 adults, $15 seniors and students with ID, and $6 for children 6 to 17. For more info. tel: 410-745-2916 or visit boatfestival17.

17 6th annual Juneteenth Celebration at the Academy Art Museum, Easton, co-hosted by the Frederick Douglass Honor Society. Juneteenth, one of the most important African American holidays in the country, marks the abolition of slavery. The Celebration will commemorate Emancipation


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June Calendar

Painting Flowers in the Impressionist Landscape with Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. $60 members, $72 nonmembers (bring a bag lunch). For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit

Day, celebrate the significant contributions of African Americans in our country, and reflect on the common values that we share as a community. Free. For more info. tel: 410-822-2787 or visit 17 Native Planting Day at the Pickering Creek Audubon Center, Easton. 9 a.m. to noon. Volunteers of all ages are welcome. For more info. tel: 410-822-4903 or visit pickeringcreek.audubon. org. 17 Shinrin-yoku at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. Experience a very slow, contemplative walk with Anna Harding on a forest trail in this program dedicated to awakening the senses. 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. $15 members, $20 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit adkinsarboretum. org. 17 Pastel Workshop: Big, Bold and Beautiful Skies with Katie Cassidy at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. $70 members, $84 non-members, $5 materials fee to instructor. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 17 Workshop: Wild About Flowers!

17 2nd annual Chesapeake Children’s Book Festival at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Meet authors and illustrators of some of today’s best children’s books. Activities include: hands-on craf ts, exhibits, make-a-book, free light refreshments and more. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 17 Chamber Music Festival concert at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-0380 or visit 18 All-You-Can-Eat breakfast at A mer ic a n L eg ion Post 70 in Easton (behind WalMart). 8 to 11 a.m. $9. Carry-out available. Treat Dad to a nice Father’s Day breakfast. For more info. tel: 410-822-9138. 18 Juneteenth Walk at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. This special walk is part of an area-wide commemoration of the end of slavery in


the U.S. The Arboretum’s native landscapes provide a context for exploring this period of history, This walk is free for members and free with $5 admission for non-members. All ages are welcome. 1 to 3 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit

Sheryl Southwick at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to noon. $100 members, $120 non-members, $10 material fee to instructor. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit

18 Chamber Music Festival Angels concert at Watermelon Point, Easton. 4 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-0380 or visit

19-23 Band Camp for ages 7 to 10 with Ray Remesch at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. $155 members, $186 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit

18 Concert: The Wailers at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

19-23 Class: Bring Your Drawings to Life with Adobe Illustrator for grades 6 to 9 w it h Chr is Pit t ma n at t he Ac ademy A r t

19 Golf Tournament for Blackwater at Choptank River Golf. 10 a.m. Lunch will be provided and there will be prizes and a raffle. Registration is $75 per player. The event benef its programs at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge. For more info. visit

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19 Book Discussion: Let the Great World Spin by Colum McCann at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit tcf l. org. 19-22 Workshop: Introduction to Linoleum Blockprinting w ith 215

1 North Harrison St., Easton 410-819-0657

June Calendar Museu m, E a ston. 10 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. $135 members, $145 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 19 -23 Wet la nd s Boot Ca mp ~ Educator’s Professional Development Summer Inst it ute at E nv i ron ment a l C onc er n, St. Michaels. Topics for the week are: Mon. - WOW! The Wonders of Wetlands; Tues. - Rain Garden Designers; Wed. - Schoolyard Habitat Maintenance and Monitoring; Thurs. - Student Action Projects for Watershed Improvements; Fri. - Wetland Plant ID ~ Know ’Em and Grow ’Em. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. $25 each day. Pre-registration is required. For more info. tel: 410-745-9620 or visit 20 Longwood Gardens Meadow bus trip with Adkins Arboretum. $95 member, $120 non-member. The 86-acre Meadow Garden invites guests to discover and be inspired by the beauty of a multifaceted and harmonized meadow ecosystem expressive of nature’s variety and maintained through careful stewardship over time. Join a program led by Longwood Land Steward Tom Brightman, then explore the meadow, gardens, conservatory, and more on your

own. For more info. tel: 410-6342847, ext. 0 or visit 20-21 GSK Science in the Summer: The Science of Sports at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 10 a.m. to noon (for scientists entering grades 2-3) and 2 to 4 p.m. (for scientists entering grades 4-6). Directed by Kim Johnson and sponsored by Glaxo Smith Kline and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Online registration required beginning June 1 at: 20-21 Workshop: Introduction to Mosaics with Sheryl Southwick at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 1 to 4 p.m. $65 members, $78 non-members, $15 material fee to instructor. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 20-22 Workshop: Introduction to Pastels with Katie Cassidy at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. $90 members, $108 non-members, $15 material fee to instructor. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 21 Pit Beef lunch at American Legion Post 70 in Easton (behind WalMart). 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. $8. Carry-out available. Pit beef with


Slot Dock

10’ x 13’ slot is 36” x 8’


June Calendar

Cambridge. For more info. tel: 800-548-4009 or visit

all the trimmings. For more info. tel: 410-822-9138. 21 Meeting: Dorchester Caregivers Support Group from 2 to 3 p.m. at Pleasant Day Adult Medical Day Care, Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-0190. 21 Yoga Therapy at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 5:30 to 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit 21 Summer Solstice Evening Paddle at Pickering Creek Audubon Center, Easton. 6 to 8 p.m. Guided canoe paddle to view ospreys, eagles, fish and more. Children must be at least 13 years old and must be accompanied by an adult. For more info. tel: 410-822-4903 or visit pickeringcreek.audubon. org. 22 Giant Walk-On Map of Maryland at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 11 a.m. to noon and 2 to 5 p.m. Special activities for children 6 and older, 10:30 to 11:15 a.m. Note: All participants must wear socks. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 22 Blood Bank donation dr ive f r om no on to 7 p.m. at I mmanuel United Church of Christ,

22 Chesapeake Explorations with photographer Robert de Gast at 6:30 p.m. at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. Pete Lesher of the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum discusses the artistry of photojournalist Robert de Gast, focusing on his work on watermen, lighthouses, and the natural environment of the Chesapeake Bay. For more info. tel: 410-8221626 or visit 23 Ta lbot C ount y Cha mber of Commerce Fishing Tournament at Pier Street Marina, Oxford. Arrive at dock by 5:30 a.m., leave at 6 a.m. $125 entry includes half day of fishing, luncheon, refreshments and awards ceremony. Bring your own boat and entry fee is $75. For more info. tel: 410-822-4653. 23 Concert: Karen Jonas in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon



Eastern Shore waterfront estate on 25 acres (2 lots;subdividable).Gorgeous stone home ideal for entertaining with two large multi-room guest suites designed for comfort and privacy. Private first floor master suite, gourmet kitchen, gracious formal dining room, octagon great room, game room, and attached 4-car garage. Matching stone pool house with heated pool, large pergola, and patio. 100’ pier with 2 lifts , 3’ MLW and 850’ planted shoreline. Main gated drive + service entrance with 4-bay carriage house. $2,649,000

Waverly Road

Lovely 4 BR home on Oxford corridor with western exposure overlooking the Tred Avon River. Waterside sunroom, 3 FP, patio and garage/workshop. Mature trees and landscaping. Great pier with 2 slips, electric, 4.5+’ MLW. A true gem! $1,495,000.

Laura Carney Benson & Mangold Real Estate, LLC 24 N. Washington St., Easton, MD (c) 410-310-3307 or (o) 410-770-9255 219

June Calendar Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 24 Workshop: Outdoor Photography on the Chesapeake Bay with Jay Fleming. Time and place to be determined due to boat availability. Sponsored by the Academy Art Museum, Easton. $200 members, $240 non-members (plus an additional expense to go on a workboat to photograph crabbing). Maximum of 6 people. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit 24 2017 Paddle Jam - Paddlers will launch kayaks, canoes, or paddleboards from Easton Point Marina to enjoy a 6-mile paddle along the Tred Avon River. Paddlers will end back at Easton Point Marina. Live music, food trucks, beverages, a nd g reat pr i zes. Along the paddle route, participants may pick up poker cards at designated Paddle Jam boats and participate in the event poker game for prizes! Sponsored by the Talbot County Young Professionals and Midshore Riverkeeper Conservancy. For more info. tel: 302-542-3858 or e-mail at yp@ 24 Oxford Rummage Sale at the

Ox ford Volunteer Firehouse, from 9 a.m. to noon. For more info. tel: 410-226-5110. 24 Friends Summer Book Sale at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Come shop and choose from a terrific selection of books, DVDs, and CDs. The great deals you find help suppor t the librar y. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 2 4 Work shop: Mi x it Up with Monotypes with Sheryl Southwick at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. $65 members, $78 nonmembers. $20 material fee to instructor. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 24 Lecture: Hamilton ~ More than a Musical with American history buff Eric Mease at the Talbot County Free Librar y, Easton. 1 p.m. Mease uses v ideo and excerpts from the hit Broadway musical to tell the brilliant, yet tragic, tale of Alexander Hamilton. For more info. tel: 410-8221626 or visit 24 Concert: Rachel B in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit


Connie Loveland RealtorÂŽ


Martingham Waterfront - Meticulously maintained 4 BR, 3.5 BA home on over 2 acres, updated kitchen and baths, 2 master suites - one on each floor, formal living and dining rooms, family room and enclosed sun porch. $995,000

Easton - Remodeled 3 BR, 2.5 BA rancher, in Ingleton. Wood floors, gourmet kitchen, den/library, sunroom, detached 2-car garage on 2 ac. in water access community. $389,900

Tilghman Getaway - Perfect cozy rancher, bright, clean and well maintained, this 3 BR, 2 B home is just right, screened in porch, large lot, walk to waterfront community park. $229,000


Symphony Village - Gorgeous top-of-the-line 3+ BR, 3 BA home in 55+ community. Many upgrades, premier lot backing woods, 1st fl. master. Finished basement and elevator. $459,000

Dorchester Waterfront - Perfect getaway, 20 acres, lovely updated 3 BR turnkey farmhouse, 2000+ ft. of waterfront on Tedious Creek. $369,900


June Calendar 26 We Are Builders at the Talbot County Free Librar y, Easton. 10:30 to 11:45 a.m. for ages 6 and up. Legos, Zoobs, and other building materials, plus create your ow n building table. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 26 Movies@Noon at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. The Secret Life of Pets. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit 26 Coloring for Teens and Adults at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 3 p.m. Explore the

relaxing process of coloring. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 26-29 Class: Oil Painting Outdoors in Plein Air! for ages 12+ with Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. $135 members, $145 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 27 Meeting: The CARES Breast Cancer Support Group at UM Shore Regional Breast Center, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410 -822-1000, ex t. 5411. 27 Meeting: Women Supporting Women, lo c a l bre a s t c a nc er support group, meets at Christ Episcopal Church, Cambridge. 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-463-0946.

213A South Talbot St. St. Michaels 410-745-8072 “Super Fun Gifts For All!�

28 Story Time at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 10:30 a.m. For children ages 5 and under accompanied by an adult. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit 28 Magician Mike Rose at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 10:30 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 222

28 Meeting: Diabetes Suppor t Group at the Dorchester Family Y MCA, Cambridge. 5:30 p.m. Free and open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-822-1000, ext. 5196. 29 Family Unplugged Games at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 3 p.m. Bring the whole family for an afternoon of board games and fun. For all ages (children 5 and under accompanied by an adult). For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 29 Concert: Deana Carter at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

30 Friday Night Live Comedy Series at the Dorchester Center for the Arts, Cambridge. 7 to 9 p.m. Amateur comedians will take part in an open mic challenge where the audience vote helps determine the winner. Members free, $5 for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-310-5706 or visit 30 Concert: Rivers and Rhodes in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

Celebrating 25 Years Tracy Cohee Hodges Vice President Area Manager Eastern Shore Lending

111 N. West St., Suite C Easton, MD 21601 410-820-5200 tcohee@ďŹ

NMLS ID: 148320

This is not a guarantee to extend consumer credit. All loans are subject to credit approval and property appraisal. First Home Mortgage Corporation NMLS ID #71603 (


MICHAELS COVE Exquisite waterfront estate on 24+ acres (offering comprised of 2 parcels) showcasing spectacular Bay views. Elegantly detailed 6,400+ sf, 4+ BR, w/ gourmet kitchen, great room, 1st f l. master suite, library, conservatory, game room, loft, huge 3-season porch, multiple FPs, balconies. Great spaces for entertaining. In-ground pool, private pier & lift, rip-rapped shoreline. First Time Offered - $2,550,000

ISLAND CREEK Gorgeous 4.9+ acre waterfront property on Island Creek. Currently improved with small house. Property is approved for a 4 BR septic. Broad views, high elevation, rip-rapped shoreline, westerly exposure, 140’ pier w/15k lb. lift, 18’x24’ f;oating pier. Seller has plans for proposed 1-1/2 story, 3 BR, 3.5 BA house with 2-car garage, pool, outdoor fi replace, two covered porches. $850,000

Waterfront Estates, Farms and Hunting Properties also available.

Kathy Christensen

410-924-4814(C) · 410-822-1415(O ) Benson & Mangold Real Estate 27999 Oxford Road, Oxford, Maryland 21654 ·


VILLA ROAD Minutes from Easton - This classic 4 bedroom, 4 bath home is set on 5 acres of park-like grounds. Glassed room on south side overlooking Glebe Creek. Super MBR with huge closet. Deepwater dock with boat lift. $1,395,000


Private compound consisting of stately 5 bedroom main residence; garages for 10 cars with caretaker’s flat; lovely guest house; stables, kennel. Substantial pier with 10 ft. MLW. Broad Miles River views. Waterfowl hunting. 3 waterfront parcels totalling 13+ acres. $3,100,000 with 2 parcels (8 ac.). $4,400,000 all.

ISLAND CREEK Panoramic views with sunsets from this 8,800 sq ft home. 1st fl. MBR. 57’ x 21’ Great Room with f/p. His/her offices. 4BR guest wing. 3-car garage w/workshop. Pool. Pier with 6 ft. MLW. 4.75 ac. point. Easton and Oxford nearby. $2,595,000


Historic landmark estate. Georgian manor house set on 11 park-like acres and adjacent 54 acre field. First time offered in 50 years. Caretaker’s house, Har-Tru tennis court, 10 ft. MLW at Miles River pier with res. boat house for waterfront entertaining. Outbuildings.


SHORELINE REALTY 114 Goldsborough St., Easton, MD 21601 410-822-7556 · 410-310-5745 ·

Limited Edition Seafoam Tundra