Tidbits Grand Forks - August 27, 2015

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Of Grand Forks • East Grand Forks

August 27, 2015

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This week, Tidbits studies up on some unusual names for some pretty common foods. You might find this info helpful the next time you’re dining out! • Folks down South are familiar with hush puppies, which are spoonsful of cornbread batter cooked in hot fat. Legend has it that they were used by hunters and fishermen who would toss the little morsels to their dogs to keep them quiet. Others say that Confederate soldiers in the Civil War fed them to their dogs on the battlefield to “hush the puppies.”

• Other Southern dishes include burgoo (a thick stew of several types of meat and vegCarpet Cleaning gies), chitterlings (the deep-fried small inServices, Inc. testine of pigs), and Hoppin’ John (a stew of Carpet Cleaning • Carpet black-eyed peas, salt pork, and seasonings). Cleaning SPECIAL! Hoppin’ John’s relative is Limpin’ Susan, • Upholstery which substitutes okra for the peas. If you $99 Cleaning order dirty rice down South, your rice will 3 Rooms & Hallway • Water be mixed with ground chicken livers and baNot valid with any other offer. Extraction Expires 9-25-15 con drippings, onions, and green peppers.

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• If you order fruits de mer while dining out, don’t expect to get a platter of fruit. It’s actually a dish of raw and cooked shellfish, including oysters, shrimp, lobster, crab, mussels, clams, and scallops. It’s served cold on a bed of rice. Turn the page for more!

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Quiz Bits 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

60+ Years Experience

6. A quindecennial refers to what period of time? 7. What shape is the Milky Way What’s the fancy name for galaxy? boiled soybeans? 8. Who wrote and released “Rikki It’s a cross between a banana Don’t Lose That Number”? and a potato. What is it? 9. What are the names of the two What’s the main ingredient in Griswold children from the falafel? “Vacation” movies? Haricots, fagiolo, and frijoles are 10. What year did Nirvana’s 2nd all types of what food? album “Nevermind” debut? What’s the name for spongecakes TRIVIA also known as cats’ tongues?



UNUSUAL FOOD NAMES (continued): • Often mispronounced as “kwin-o-ah,” the correct way of saying quinoa is “keen-wah.” It’s the seed from a broad-leafed plant related to beets and spinach. Quinoa has more protein than any other grain, and is rich in iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc, as well as a good source of fiber. Most folks prepare it like they would rice. • Ordinary pasta has dozens of different names to describe the variety of shapes and sizes of noodles. Vermicelli actually translates “little worms” from the Italian language, while mostaccioli means “mustaches.” Rotelle is the word for “wheels,” and linguine translates “little tongues.” We all love spaghetti, but did you know it literally means “strings”? Many recipes call for pasta cooked al dente, but what exactly does that mean? The phrase means “to the tooth,” meaning the pasta will offer a little resistance when bitten, still a little firm after being cooked. • Antipasto isn’t pasta, but is served “before the pasta,” and is a plate of appetizers, including sliced meats and cheeses, along with olives. Don’t confuse antipasto with pesto, which is a green sauce prepared from fresh basil, olive oil, garlic, pine nuts, and parmesan cheese. • What do you get when you order filet mignon? The name translates from the French, with filet meaning “thick slice” and mignon translating “dainty.” It’s a piece of beef coming from the small end of the tenderloin, found on the back rib cage of the animal. Because this area is not weight-bearing, the tissue is not toughened by exercise, giving the filet its tenderness. Similarly, beef tournedos are filets cut from the beef tenderloin and often cooked with bacon or lard. ...continued




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UNUSUAL FOOD NAMES (continued): • Julius Caesar had nothing to do with the Caesar salad. It was first created by an Italian restaurant owner named Caesar Cardini in 1924 at his Tijuana, Mexico, restaurant. His version of romaine lettuce, garlic, oil, Parmesan cheese, Worcestershire sauce, and a coddled egg became popular with Hollywood celebrities when he opened a restaurant there, one that still operates today, over 60 years after his death. • Don’t confuse sauerbraten with sauerkraut. The former is a low-cooked beef stew, while the latter is spicy, fermented shredded cabbage. And don’t think that head cheese is any kind of cheese at all. It’s a gelatinous cold cut made from chopped-up bits of the head of a pig or cow, set in aspic. This unusual meat jelly often includes the tongue and sometimes the feet and heart of the animal. • Several desserts have unusual names including Brown Betty, which is a fruit dessert with a breadcrumb topping, served with whipped cream. The first printed recipe for Brown Betty appeared in 1864. Although Baked Alaska is named for our 49th state, it actually originated in France. It’s made from ice cream and sponge cake, topped with meringue. The dessert is then placed in a very hot oven just long enough to firm up the meringue, which acts as an insulator and keeps the ice cream from melting. In 1876, the head chef at New York City’s Delmonico’s Restaurant named the dessert Baked Alaska in honor of the recently-acquired Alaskan territory. • Thankfully, grasshopper pie doesn’t contain any jumping insects, but rather is a fluffy dessert containing crème de menthe and white crème de cacao liqueurs in a cookie-crumb crust. ...continued



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We are converting office space into a chapel. Would you like to be part of this awesome opportunity? Join us on Tuesday September 15 from 3pm-7pm & Thursday September 17 from 3pm-7pm Donations needed: It’s a completely empty room— Paint, comfy chairs for the reading corner, chairs for where services could be held, kneeling rail, Christian/ Inspirational/Leadership books, Pictures for the wall, area rugs, ceiling tile, floor tile…… Volunteers needed: Painters, decorators, cleaners, ceiling tile installation, floor tile installation, people to pray. Call/text Lauralee/Amanda at 218-330-2008 for more information, to share an idea, or to drop off a donation for the chapel.


at Lithia Chrysler Dodge Jeep Saturday Sept 12, 19, 26 • 1pm-3pm All donations are appreciated! Needs at this time include: Basics: Toliet paper, hand soap, and paper towels. Toiletries: deodorant, shower gel, razors. Food Items: boxes of cereal, sugar, coffee, cans of fruit, cans of vegetables, salt, pepper, Ranch dressing, French Dressing, taco seasoning, pasta, Items for Kids Plus Bags (these bags are put together by those living at The Mission and volunteers—they are then secretly placed by teachers into students back packs who need food for the weekend): individual applesauce containers, boxes of mac & cheese, individual mac & cheese cups, fruit snacks, juice boxes, individual size cereal boxes, microwave popcorn, poptarts, individual oatmeal packets, cans of pasta meals, cans of tuna/salmon/chicken. Other: Pictures of the walls, comfy chairs, Christian/Inspirational books, puzzles, magazines… Call or text Lauralee/Amanda at 218-330-2008 for more information. Thank you to an anonymous donor family and Tidbits for making this ad possible! You make such a difference! To sponsor an ad please call or text Lauralee Tupa at 218-330-2008.

UNUSUAL FOOD NAMES (continued): • An unusual name for something so simple! Potlikker is the liquid left over after cooking green leafy vegetables, such as collard greens or turnip greens. Usually the greens are cooked with ham hocks or bacon fat. • How about a little scrapple? Introduced by the Germans in Pennsylvania in the late 17th century, it’s a mixture of pork scraps, corn meal, flour, and spices that is shaped into a loaf, sliced, and fried. Fans of this unusual food serve it for breakfast topped with ketchup or maple syrup. • What about all the sauces we order on our dinners? When you order your steak smothered with béarnaise sauce, it will come with a creamy sauce of egg yolks, butter, shallots, vinegar, wine, and tarragon. Eggs Benedict comes covered with Hollandaise sauce, an emulsion of eggs yolks, butter, and lemon juice. Your fish dinner might be served with remoulade sauce, similar to tartar sauce, a mayonnaise mixed with pickles, horseradish, anchovies, and capers, flavored with curry. • While in New York City, you might want to try an egg cream, which ironically, contains neither eggs nor cream. It’s a fountain drink made from milk, seltzer, and chocolate syrup, a concoction dreamed up by Brooklyn candy store owner Louis Auster in the late 1800s. • Ordering bangers and mash while in Great Britain will get you a dish of pork sausage and mashed potatoes, while bubble and squeak will be a mixture of mashed potatoes, and boiled cabbage, fried until brown. Yorkshire pudding might sound like dessert, but it’s really a batter of eggs, flour, and milk baked in meat drippings until puffy. If you order “toad in the hole,” your Yorkshire pudding will contain bits of sausage.



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Lots of things we take for granted were invented by Canadians whose names have long been forgotten. Let’s pay tribute to these clever individuals who brought us some of life’s necessities. • We’ve been eating instant mashed potatoes since 1962, thanks to the invention of chemist Edward Asselbergs, a graduate of the University of Toronto. In 1960, Asselbergs was working for the Canadian Department of Agriculture and began developing a process of cooking, mashing, and dehydrating potatoes that would later be reconstituted by adding hot water or milk. That wasn’t Asselbergs’ only accomplishment – he was also responsible for the invention of an infrared apple peeler.

• Lewis Urry graduated from the University of Toronto in 1950 with a degree in chemical engineering and went to work for Eveready shortly afterward. We have this creative engineer to thank for the invention of both the alkaline battery and the lithium battery, which he developed while working at Eveready. • We might not call our money “greenbacks” were it not for Thomas Sterry Hunt, a chemist and mineralogist who came up with the idea of using chromium as the base for a green ink to print bank notes. His formula was a substance that could not be removed by acid or alkali without destroying the paper. Although he patented his invention, he did not receive much monetary reward from it.

• Two newspapermen brought us one of the greatest board games of all time. Photo editor Chris Haney and sports journalist Scott Abbott were playing Scrabble in 1979 when they decided to invent their own game. They came up with trivia questions in six categories – Geography, Entertainment, History, Art & Literature, Science & Nature, and Sports, and called their invention Trivial Pursuit. Their creation has blossomed into a television game show, online game, arcade game, and home computer version.

• Another war-time invention came from Newfoundland native Cluny MacPherson. As a medical doctor and principal medical officer for the First Newfoundland Regiment of the St. John’s Ambulance Brigade during World War I, MacPherson devised a method of protection against poisonous gas, the world’s first effective gas mask. He fashioned it from a German helmet seized from a captured prisoner, adding a canvas hood with transparent eyepieces. He treated it with chlorine-absorbing chemicals to counter the chlorine found in the gas.




• Toronto-born Alfred Gross invented several communications devices, including the first modern walkietalkie. While aboard a cruise boat on Lake Erie in 1927 at age nine, Gross met the radio operator and was allowed to listen to the boat’s transmissions. A life-long fascination with wireless telegraphy was the result, leading to his creation of the walkie-talkie during World War II. In the following years, he patented a Citizens’ Band radio telephone pager, and cordless telephone. Unfortunately, before he could market them successfully, his patents expired, and he failed to make money from his inventions.


• Folks living in snowy climates can thank Alfred Sicard for his invention of the snow blower. As a young person, Sicard would frequently watch his neighbor use a threshing machine to harvest wheat. In his later years, Sicard experimented with a similar idea, using blades to clear roads, and in 1925, he built his first working snow blower. Within two years, the community of Outremont, Quebec, was using his contraption to clear its roadways. Sicard’s company is still in existence, a division of SMISnowblast of Watertown, New York.

by Samantha Weaver

• On Sept. 6, 1522, the Vittoria, one of Ferdinand Magellan's five ships, arrives in Spain, thus completing the first circumnavigation of the world. The Vittoria was commanded by Juan Sebastian de Elcano, who took charge after the murder of Magellan in the Philippines. • On Sept. 2, 1666, the Great Fire of London breaks out in the house of King Charles II's baker. When the fire was finally extinguished four days later, more than four-fifths of London was destroyed. • On Sept. 4, 1886, Geronimo, the wiliest and most dangerous Apache warrior of his time, finally surrenders in Arizona. A brilliant strategist, Geronimo never learned to use a gun, yet he armed his men with the best modern rifles he could obtain. • On Aug. 31, 1955, William G. Cobb of the General Motors Corp. demonstrates his 15-inch-long "Sunmobile," the world's first solar-powered automobile. When sunlight hit 12 photoelectric cells made of selenium, an electric current was produced that powered a tiny motor. • On Sept. 5, 1969, Lt. William Calley is charged with six specifications of premeditated murder in the death of 109 Vietnamese civilians at My Lai in March 1968. Reportedly, the massacre was stopped only when a pilot landed his helicopter between Calley's troops and the fleeing South Vietnamese. • On Sept. 3, 1977, Sadaharu Oh of Japan's Yomiuri Giants hits the 756th home run of his career, breaking Hank Aaron's record for career home runs. Oh retired in 1980 with 868 home runs, still a professional record. • On Sept. 1, 1985, a joint U.S.-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic, 73 years after it sank after being struck by an iceberg in the North Atlantic. An experimental, unmanned submersible found the ocean liner at a depth of 13,000 feet. © 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.

• It was beloved Russian author Leo Tolstoy who made the following sage observation: "Nothing can make our life, or the lives of other people, more beautiful than perpetual kindness." • If you see a group of flamingoes together in one place, it will be handy to know that the appropriate collective noun is a "flamboyance." • You might be surprised to learn that feta cheese has been around for 6,000 years. • It may be the hottest part of summer in the Northern Hemisphere, and temperatures in the United Arab Emirates may be reaching the triple digits Fahrenheit, but that's no impediment to winter sports in Dubai, the UAE's most populous city. Residents and visitors can take a break from the heat at Ski Dubia, an indoor ski resort featuring a 290-foot mountain, sled and toboggan runs, climbing towers, an ice cave and even face-tobeak encounters with penguins. • As the new school year kicks off in the United States, it might be interesting to renew a familiarity with a now-disused word: a "belter-werrits" is an annoying child. • Many people know American counterculture figure Ken Kesey as the author of the 1962 novel "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest," which presents a disturbing portrait of life in a mental institution. It's less well known, though, that Kesey got an inside view of the system when he worked as a janitor in a mental hospital before he became famous. • If you're planning a sporting visit to Pennsylvania, be sure to note that dynamite-assisted fishing is illegal in that state. *** Thought for the Day: "Courage is the price that life exacts for granting peace. The soul that knows it not, knows no release from little things." -- Amelia Earhart

© 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.

(Answers located 2 pages after this one)

• Need to bring along a bow while you’re transporting a present? Place it inside a zip-lock sandwich bag, close partway, fill with air and seal. The bow will make it to your destination uncrushed, and you can stick it on at the last minute. • “The combination of one part warm water and three parts baking soda makes a great paste for removing rust spots. Simply use an old toothbrush in a circular motion to smear in the paste and wipe away rust.” — C.B. in Alaska • Having trouble starting that backyard charcoal grill? Maybe you just need to head for the snack table. Potato chips and nacho tortilla chips (like Doritos) will burn bright and hot enough to cook your dinner, and certainly well enough to give your charcoal a great start. • Make a floating cooler for your pool with this easy trick using a pool noodle. You’ll need a plastic container, a bungee cord or length of rope that will wrap around the container and a pool noodle cut into four pieces no longer than the sides of the container. Run the cord or rope through the noodle pieces, line noodle pieces along sides of container, and secure rope or cord tightly an inch or so lower than the container’s lip. Toss in pool, fill with drinks and ice, and enjoy. • Recycling one glass bottle saves enough electricity to light a 100-watt bulb for four hours. • “Small lids from plastic margarine containers can be used as a burger-patty size guide. And if you have more than a few around, you can use them to separate patties for the freezer. They make it easy to grab one or two patties for the grill right from the freezer. Otherwise, I find that I must defrost several that are stuck together.” — P.W. in Indiana Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, 628 Virginia Drive, Orlando, FL 32803. © 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.

GRAND FORKS CONTINUES TO SEE POSITIVE WNV IN MOSQUITOES West Nile virus (WNV) is an infection transmitted by mosquitoes. The mosquito most common for transmitting this virus is one that is widespread throughout the Grand Forks region. This mosquito does not discriminate. People of all ages are susceptible to WNV infection, but the elderly are at higher risk for developing the more severe form of this disease (neuroinvasive illness). Children infected with WNV generally show no symptoms or may have a mild fever.


Risk factors for West Nile virus: • Time of year – The majority of WNV cases occur from July – September. • Geographic region – The Dakotas have reported some of the highest cases per capita in the United States. • Time spent outdoors not wearing protective clothing and mosquito repellent – If you work or spend a lot of time outdoors (golfing, gardening, hunting, etc.), you’re at a higher risk of being bitten by mosquitoes. • Proximity – If you live in an area where WNV has already been identified or near mosquito larval habitat. • If you have a weakened immune system. The best way to prevent West Nile virus infection is to avoid mosquito bites. • Use mosquito-repellant products containing DEET. • Wear long sleeves and pants. • Eliminate any standing water from your property, such as trash bins, plant saucers, rain gutters, buckets, etc. The mosquito most common for transmitting this disease generally stays close to the site it hatched from. Don’t let it be a container or rain gutter from your own property.

If you have any questions or concerns relating to mosquito control visit our website at www.gfmosquito.com



& Media Materials The American Association of University Women (AAUW) is collecting now through September. Please drop off Mon-Fri. 9am-5pm @ NDAD 2660 Columbia Road S., Grand Forks. May contact Kathy: 701-772-5685


August 24 has been observed as Pluto Demoted Day since 2006. Why did this happen? Follow along and learn about the discovery of what was once considered a planet in our solar system.


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• From 1930 until 2006, Pluto was classified as the ninth planet in our solar system, joining Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. A 23-year-old astronomer from Kansas, Clyde Tombaugh, was a researcher at Flagstaff, Arizona’s Lowell Observatory in 1930, when he discovered the celestial body that would be named Pluto. An eleven-year-old schoolgirl from Oxford, England, proposed the name of Pluto, after the Greek god of the underworld, with her suggestion beating out scores of other submissions. • Pluto consists of one-third water and two-thirds rock. It’s only about 1,600 miles in diameter, smaller than the Earth’s moon, only 66% of the moon’s diameter and one-sixth of its mass. Pluto’s surface temperature is -380 degrees F. • Pluto is part of the Kuiper Belt, a region of the solar system beyond the planets, similar to an asteroid belt. After the discovery of Pluto in 1930, astronomers began to speculate about the existence of more such bodies in the region. In 1992, the second object in the area was found. More than 1,000 more objects have been discovered so far, and an estimated 100,000 more are believed to exist. • In order to be classified as a planet, a celestial body must meet three conditions: It “must be in orbit around a star, while not being itself a star, be massive enough for its own gravity to pull it into a nearly spherical shape, and must have cleared the neighborhood around its orbit.”

(Solution on Next Page)

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DIFFERENCES: 1. Picture is missing. 2. Skirt is different. 3. Card is different. 4. Neckline is different. 5. Card sign is missing. 6. Envelope is missing. © 2015 King Features Synd., All rights reserved.

Sports Answers 4. Weaver .583, 1. False. Texas Johnson .562, Western and Anderson Kentucky did it .546 in 1966. 2. Carolina Hur- 5. Abdul-Jabbar, Cooper and ricanes (2007) M. Johnson 3. Baltimore Orihad 110 oles with 211

PLUTO DEMOTED DAY (continued) • “Clearing the neighborhood” refers to a planet’s ability to remove smaller bodies near its orbit by “collision, capture, or gravitational Answer: Dell. It is this condition that qualified disturbance.” A VERY Pluto, because it LARGE has otherNUMBER objects in its orbit, • as Edward Kasner wasinto a mathematician. In 1938 well as moving the orbit of Neptune he was asked to come up with a name during its 246-year revolution aroundforthea very large number: the numeral one, followed Sun. by a hundred zeros. He asked his two young • Now and what then,name Pluto’s actually takes it nephews theyorbit would suggest. closer to the Sun than Neptune’s, although • Nine-year-old Milton suggested a name Pluto farther awayAfrom the Sun. out ofisthe funnies. cartoon strip character named Barney was very popular. chose • In August of 2006, members of Milton the InternaBarney’s last name for the number. tional Astronomical Union gathered together Prague to determine the status It • in Kasner announced the new name of forPluto. the big number in his next book, altering the spelling. was voted to demote Pluto to a dwarf planet, joining four others recognized by the • Sixty years later, Larry Page and Sergey IAU Brin a new internet searchand engine. –developed Ceres, Haumea, Makemake, Eris. Other Pluto search engines searched and is the second most massiveeach of itswebpage kind, behind ranked them according to how many times Eris, the largest. At one time, Ceres had beena specific term appeared them,when but Page and classified as the eighth on planet first disBrin designed their search engine to search covered in 1801 between Mars and Jupiter.for It the specific term and then find out how many remained in that category for about 50 years, links there were that led back to that page, until discover more and whichastronomers resulted in abegan bettertosearch engine. more similar bodies in the same area, and re• They decided they needed a name that classified an asteroid. reflected Ceres how as many websites the search engineEris waswas searching. They took the name • When discovered in 2005, initial reof Edward Kasner’s very large number, only ports called it the tenth planet, setting up a dethey in misspelled it ended upa being bate the IAU itasslightly, to whatsoconstitutes planspelled exactly the same way the cartoon et. One proposal suggested including Charon, character Barney spelled his last name. What’s Eris, and Ceres in the official list of planets. it called? (Answer at bottom of page) The term dwarf planet was suggested, alCOMPUTER though many astronomersFACTS refer to these bod• ies In 1981 Bill Gates said, “640 kb 2006, of memory as planetoids. On August 24, Pluto ought to be enough for anybody.” was officially demoted when it failed to reach • the Moore’s Law statesupon that computer performance criteria agreed for classification as a doubles every 18 to 24 months, and ever since planet. 1971, this has been true. • HP, Google, Microsoft, and Apple were all started in garages. Answer: Google, from googol.


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