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Of Grand Forks • East Grand Forks
August 20, 2015
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WATER by Janet Spencer
August is National Water Month, so let's have a drink! IT'S A FACT Your good neighbor has Sharon Opdahl a roadmap just for you. Agent • Water will stay 9 days in the atmosphere; 2 Does planning for your 2534 17th Ave. S. • Suite F retirement leave you feeling weeks in rivers; 10 years in the largest lakes; Grand Forks, ND 58201 a bit lost? I can get you headed in the right direction. 701-746-0495 3,000 years in the ocean; up to 10,000 years Like a good neighbor, sharonopdahl.com State Farm is there. in deep groundwater; and 10,000 years in the CALL ME TODAY. polar icecap. • Water on Earth acts like water in a pan: turn the stove burner on under a pan that's dry, and the pan will scorch and melt. Turn the burner on under a pan of water, and the water absorbs the heat and keeps the pan in good condition. Without water, our planet would be a scorching desert, unable to regulate the Carpet Cleaning heat of the sun. Services, Inc. • There is a total of 369 quintillion gallons of Carpet Cleaning • Carpet water on Earth. If all the water were split Cleaning SPECIAL! evenly among the residents of the Earth, we Upholstery $149 •Cleaning would each have about 85 billion gallons. 5 Rooms, Hallway & 1 Stairway • The amount of water on Earth has not changed • Water Not valid with any other offer. Extraction Expires 9-18-15 since the beginning of time. It covers 3/4 of our planet. It's the only material that passes through the three stages of liquid, solid, and gas within a range of temperatures that can sustain hu701-775-8500 man life. It is also the only substance that beResidential & Commercial comes less dense when it freezes. Otherwise, Did You Know Vacuums there would be no life on Earth, because the Require Regular Maintenance? oceans would freeze from the bottom up. ®
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5. Which one of the seven dwarfs in the film “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” did not have a beard? 6. Name the song that contains this lyric: “When I drive that slow, you know it’s hard to steer, and I can’t get my car out of second gear....” 7. Who played the character Latka Gravas on the TV show “Taxi”?
1. What is the difference between snow and hail? 2. What percent of your body’s water can you lose before you die of dehydration? 3. What percentage of an ear of corn is water? A tomato? 4. What is the only Central American country that does not have a coastline on the Pacific?
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• The average faucet flows at a rate of 2 gallons per minute. At 1 drip per second, a faucet can leak 3,000 gallons per year.
• If you poured all of the water of all of the Earth's oceans into a huge baggie, it would be one-third the size of the moon. • If all the water in the oceans was spread evenly over the surface of the Earth, it would be 6,000 feet deep everywhere. • If all the groundwater in the world were pumped to the surface, it would cover the Earth to a depth of 100 feet. • If all the water in the atmosphere fell at once as rain, the Earth would be submerged to a depth of only one inch. • There is 30 times more water underground than in all the world's rivers and lakes. BODY BITS • 70% of the Earth's surface is covered by water, and about 65% of the human body is water. • Blood is exactly the same salinity as the ocean.
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• Blood is 92% water, and bones are 31% water. Tooth enamel, the hardest substance in the human body, is only 2% water. • The human brain weighs about 3 lbs., but if all the water were squeezed out of it, it would weigh only 10 oz. • Baby's bodies contain a higher percent of water than grown-ups. ...continued
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DOWN THE DRAIN • Americans as a whole use more water per capita than any other country. • Every day, residents of New York City use over 1.5 billion gallons. Although New York and London are about the same size, New York uses about three times as much water. • California uses more water than any other state, but Alaska uses the most per capita. • Americans use an average of 200 gallons of water in the home daily. That includes 5 gallons for every flush; 3 gallons for brushing teeth if the water is running; 40 gallons for a bath; 10 gallons to wash dishes; 8 gallons to clean house; 30 gallons to wash clothes; 30 gallons for lawns and pools; and a mere 2 gallons for drinking and cooking. • If you include industrial and agricultural uses as well as home use, the average American uses 1,900 gallons of water per day. • 40% of water used in the home is flushed down the toilet. The average toilet is flushed eight times a day. • It takes 13,000 gallons of water to carry away 165 gallons of body waste per person each year. • People living in cities that charge a flat rate for water have been found to use twice as much water as people in cities that meter water use. In Tucson, Arizona, water use per person dropped from 200 to 140 gallons a day when the price was raised significantly. • It takes 40 gallons to produce one egg; 80 gallons for an ear of corn; 150 gallons for a loaf of bread; 230 gallons for a gallon of whisky; 2,500 gallons for a pound of beef; and 100,000 gallons for a new car. • More than 700 chemicals have been found in drinking water, but most municipalities typically test their water for fewer than ten. ...continued
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SPORTS QUIZ 1. How many times did the New York Yankees fail to make the playoffs during shortstop Derek Jeter’s 20year career with the team? 2. In 2014, Denard Span set
a Washington Nationals record for most hits in a season (184). Who had held the mark? 3. Who had more career RBIs, Kent Hrbek or Kirby Puckett?
4. Women’s hockey has been part of the Olympic Winter games 5 times (1998-2014). Of those, name the only country other than Canada and the U.S. that has finished higher than a bronze medal. 5. In 2015, Andy Murray became the second Open Era male tennis player to lose four finals at a Grand Slam event and never win it. Who was the first?
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Your investment and generosity make it possible to: serve over 150 plates per a day to individuals and families who need a meal (our meals are open to anyone needing a meal); 70% are employed with at least one job and are so thankful for your clothing donations; funding for so far 4 schools helping 500 children who need food for the weekend….thank you for your investment in others!!! Stay tuned for more!
FAST FACTS • Hoover Dam holds as much water as would flow through the Colorado River in two years. • Old Faithful Geyser in Yellowstone gushes 33 million gallons of water each day— enough water to provide for a city of 300,000 people. • Niagara Falls has eaten its way seven miles upstream since their formation 10,000 years ago. At this rate, they will disappear into Lake Erie in about 22,000 years. • The waterfall with the greatest flow used to be Guaira Falls in Brazil. At 1,750,000 cubic feet per second, it would fill the Capitol Dome in Washington, D.C. in 3/5 of a second. It was submerged by a dam in 1982. • 45-foot Khone Falls on the Mekong River on the border between Laos and Cambodia, is now the biggest waterfall by volukm. It runs with twice the flow of the Niagara. • The Amazon River carries more water than any other river— more than the Mississippi, the Nile and the Yangtze rivers together. ICE FACTS • Ice cubes will freeze clearer if they start out as warm water, which prevents tiny air bubbles from freezing inside. • The Antarctic ice cap contains about 66% of the world's fresh water. At its thickest point the ice cap is over 2.6 miles thick.
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• Each year, some 430 cubic miles of ice become icebergs, enough to fill the annual water needs of 5 billion people for a year. • If the Antarctic ice cap were melted at a uniform rate, it would fill the Mississippi River for more than 50,000 years, or all the rivers of the world for 750 years. • Arctic waters freeze at 30°F. instead of 32°F. because of their high salt content. A person who falls into water this cold will become unconscious after only two minutes. This is one of the reasons why so many people drowned when the Titanic sank.
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Answer located on Inside Back Page
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Answer located on Super Crossword Page
• On April 6, 1938, chemist Dr. Roy Plunkett was experimenting with coolant gases used in refrigerators and air conditioners at the DuPont laboratories in New Jersey. From the freezer he removed a tank of experimental gas he'd been working with, called tetrafluoroethylene. He expected to find a container of very cold gas, but when he turned the valve to let some gas out, nothing happened.
• Bill was one of the researchers working in the DuPont lab when Teflon was invented. He continued to experiment with it, inventing many uses. However, the DuPont Teflon team was disbanded in 1957. Bill begged his bosses to let him continue to work with Teflon, but was turned down.
• He weighed the tank, which showed it should be full of gas. He checked the valve, but it worked fine. Perplexed, he cut the tank in half to find out what happened to the gas. He was surprised to see the gas had congealed into a solid, waxy substance. • Plunkett ran some tests. The new material was impervious to chemicals and heat; it did not absorb things and nothing absorbed it; it was colorless and odorless; and it had an extremely high melting point. • Plunkett had accidentally discovered what is popularly known as the slipperiest substance on Earth, equivalent to two wet ice cubes rubbing against each other in a warm room. The molecules of the substance are some of the largest molecules known. • Three years after Plunkett's accidental discovery, the process of manufacturing the substance was patented. Four years after that, it began to be sold on the market, mostly for military applications at first.
• He took Teflon home with him, experimented with it in his basement after work, and established his own company. His son Bob joined him, and in 1969 they discovered that Teflon would stretch if it was heated and then pulled slowly. They wanted to stretch it into a fabric, but time after time – while heating it and pulling it slowly – they failed. • Finally in frustration, Bob heated it and then yanked it. That was the secret. Teflon, when heated and stretched quickly, expands to 1000% of its original size and forms fabric. • Normally raincoats are made out of two layers: the outer layer is polyester or nylon, and the inner layer is polyurethane. Bill and Bob found that when sheets of this new Teflon fabric were inserted between the two layers, the raincoat was porous enough to breathe, but tight enough to be waterproof. • The fabric contains over 9 billion microscopic pores per square inch. Whereas the pores are about 20,000 times smaller than a drop of water, they are also 700 times bigger than a molecule of moisture vapor. Therefore, water droplets cannot get through the fabric, but gases and water vapor can easily escape. It was superior to any outerwear on the market. • Bill and Bob were granted a patent in 1976, the product line hit the market in 1989, and Bob was inducted into the Inventor’s Hall of Fame in 2006. The name of the fabric is based on Bill and Bob’s last name. What’s it called? (Answer at bottom of the page)
• Fifty years later Plunkett was inducted into the Inventor’s Hall of Fame. Today the product has hundreds of uses. It’s used on windshield wiper blades, it’s in fingernail polish, it forms a scratch-resistant coating on eyeglasses, it covers cookware, it protects fabrics, and it covers lightbulbs to make them shatterproof. The list is nearly endless. What is it commonly known as? (Answer at bottom of the page)
BILL & BOB
Answer: Gore-Tex, named for Bill & Bob Gore
by Samantha Weaver
• On Aug. 28, 1877, Charles Stewart Rolls, cofounder (with Henry Royce) of the RollsRoyce automobile company, is born in London. In 1900, Rolls reportedly was responsible for changing the national speed limit from 4 mph to 12 mph. • On Aug. 30, 1918, in Belfort, France, Colonel Arthur L. Conger plants a false operational order for an impending Allied attack in the wastebasket of a hotel where a German agent was on staff. As intended, the order was found and the Germans chose to withdraw from the area. • On Aug. 26, 1939, the first televised Major League baseball game is broadcast between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field. There were only two stationary camera angles: down the third base line, and above home plate. • On Aug. 29, 1949, in Kazakhstan, the USSR successfully detonates its first atomic bomb. To measure the effects of the blast, the Soviets constructed buildings and bridges, and placed animals in cages nearby. The atomic explosion destroyed those structures and incinerated the animals. • On Aug. 24, 1958, Maria Teresa de Filippis, the first woman ever to compete in Formula One racing, drives a Maserati in the Portuguese Grand Prix. Her racing career began after two of her brothers made a bet that she couldn't drive fast. • On Aug. 27, 1967, Brian Epstein, age 32, manager of the Beatles, is found dead of a drug overdose in his Sussex, England, home. • On Aug. 25, 1984, Truman Capote, author of the pioneering true-crime novel "In Cold Blood", dies at age 59 in Los Angeles. After reading about murders of a farm family, Capote traveled to Kansas to do research with his childhood friend, Harper Lee, who later wrote "To Kill a Mockingbird."
© 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.
• It was noted 18th-century German scientist, philosopher and satirist Georg Christoph Lichtenberg who made the following sage observation: "It is almost impossible to carry the torch of truth through a crowd without singeing somebody's beard." • Sometimes looking at local ordinances can make you wonder what inspired lawmakers to pass such laws. For instance, in Florida it's illegal to wear nothing but liquid latex while in a public place. • The lyrics to that favorite Irish ballad "O Danny Boy" were actually written by an Englishman. • Famed comedic actor Charlie Chaplin was born in England, but at the age of 19 he came to the United States as a performer with the prestigious Fred Karno company. Interestingly, Stan Laurel, of Laurel and Hardy fame, emigrated to the U.S. at the same time, as part of the same company -- as Chaplin's understudy. • In a recent survey of pet owners, nearly half of all respondents said that the best description of their relationship with their pet would be "soul mate." • Sardinia, the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, also is an autonomous region of Italy. If you ever decide to vacation there, keep an eye out for "casu marzu," a cheese that's produced locally. Whether you're keeping an eye out in order to sample it or avoid it depends on whether or not you have an appetite for adventurous eating. The makers of "casu marzu" deliberately introduce into the process the larvae of a particular cheese fly. Though the cheese is sometimes cleaned out before it's served, it's often presented in its original state, wriggling maggots and all. *** Thought for the Day: "There is nothing more dangerous than a government of the many controlled by the few." -- Lawrence Lessig © 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.
(Answers located 2 pages after this one)
• Soaking window decals with baby wipes will soften the adhesive, allowing you to remove a decal from glass more easily. • “Potty training can be stressful for both child and parent. We tried many things, but in the end, you have to wait for the child to want to train. One thing that helped keep our daughter motivated was a sticker chart. Be bought all kinds of stickers, and whenever she used the potty, she would get to choose a sticker to put on the chart. We would remark on how many stickers she had and the variety, which made her feel successful!” — D.R. in Iowa • “Last week, we found my son’s favorite sippy cup half-filled with sour milk under the couch. I washed it very well with hot, soapy water, but it still smelled bad. I stuffed the cup with newspaper pieces and screwed the top back on. The newspaper absorbed the smell. It took about a week, but it’s back in use.” — T.L. in Texas • “My pup loves to ride in the car, and my car seats love his hair, too. Seems like it’s impossible to get the hair out! A vacuum didn’t work, so my neighbor suggested I use dish gloves. Just put a latex rubber glove on your hand and wipe over seats. A very lightly damped sponge can work as well.” — P.I. in Washington • Lotion scent too strong? Purchase a pump bottle of unscented lotion, and remove about a third to a small bottle or even a plastic zipper-top bag. Add your scented lotion, and mix well by shaking the bottle or stirring with a long stick. The scent will be diluted, and you can always add more scented lotion or top off with the excess unscented lotion. Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, 628 Virginia Drive, Orlando, FL 32803, or e-mail JoAnn at email@example.com. © 2015 King Features Synd., Inc.
PEAK SEASON FOR WEST NILE VIRUS OCCURS FROM MID-AUGUST - EARLY SEPTEMBER West Nile virus (WNV) is an infection transmitted by mosquitoes. The mosquito most common for transmitting this virus is one that is widespread throughout the Grand Forks region. This mosquito does not discriminate. People of all ages are susceptible to WNV infection, but the elderly are at higher risk for developing the more severe form of this disease (neuroinvasive illness). Children infected with WNV generally show no symptoms or may have a mild fever.
Number of Cases
North Dakota - West Nile Virus Cases By Date 2002 - 2014
Weekly Data 2002 - 2014 Total Human Cases in ND - 1,534
Risk factors for West Nile virus: • Time of year – The majority of WNV cases occur from July – September. • Geographic region – The Dakotas have reported some of the highest cases per capita in the United States. • Time spent outdoors not wearing protective clothing and mosquito repellent – If you work or spend a lot of time outdoors (golfing, gardening, hunting, etc.), you’re at a higher risk of being bitten by mosquitoes. • Proximity – If you live in an area where WNV has already been identified or near mosquito larval habitat. • If you have a weakened immune system.
West Nile Virus Symptoms:
• Most people (70-80%) infected with West Nile virus will not develop any symptoms, or the symptoms may be so mild that they won’t seek medical care. • About 20% of the people infected will have a fever with other flu-like symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash. Most of the people with this type of WNV will have a complete recovery, but fatigue and weakness may last for weeks or months. • Less than 1% of the people infected will develop the more severe neurological form of this illness. The symptoms of neurologic illness can include headache, high fever, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, tremors, seazures, or paralysis. • Serious illness may occur in people of any age but people over 60 have the greatest risk for the severe form of this illness. People with certain medical conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease, and people who have received organ transplants are also at a greater risk of getting the severe form of this disease. • Recovery from the severe form of this disease may take several weeks or months and some of the neurologic effects may be permanent. This disease is fatal for about 10% of the people who develop neurologic infection.
West Nile Virus Treatment:
• No vaccine or specific antiviral treatments for West Nile virus infection are available. • Over-the-counter pain relievers can be used to reduce fever and relieve some symptoms • In severe cases, patients often need to be hospitalized to receive supportive treatment, such as intravenous fluids, pain medication, and nursing care.
WEST NILE VIRUS WARNING!!
The best way to prevent West Nile virus infection is to avoid mosquito bites. • Use mosquito-repellent products containing DEET. • Wear long sleeves and pants. • Eliminate any standing water from your property, such as trash bins, plant saucers, rain gutters, buckets, etc.
If you have any questions or concerns relating to mosquito control visit our website at www.gfmosquito.com
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• In a study done at the University of Pennsylvania, 11 of 39 coronary victims who did not have pets died within a year, compared to only 3 out of 53 patients who owned pets. DOG NAMES • French-speaking people who heard a dog howling named it ‘begle’ which is French for ‘open-throated’ or ‘bugling.’ That breed became the beagle. • ‘Schnauzer’ comes from the German word meaning ‘snorer.’ • An Airedale is a breed that originated in the dale of the Aire, a river in England. • Cocker spaniels were bred to flush woodcocks in Spain. • A German dogcatcher named Louis Doberman set out to develop a watchdog by crossing terriers and pinschers. • Terriers were bred to dig in the earth to snatch small animals from burrows. The Latin word for earth is ‘terra.’ • ‘Dachs’ means badger in German, and ‘hund’ means dog: dachshund. • Poodle comes from the German word ‘pudel’ meaning splashing in water. IT'S A DOG'S LIFE • A dog’s nose prints are as distinctive as our fingerprints and can be used for identification. • When dogs wag their tails, it squeezes their anal scent glands and fans their signature smell all around. • Puppies don't learn to wag their tails until they're between 30 and 49 days old. • Free-roaming dogs spend up to three hours every day re-marking their scent posts. • All dog breeds are genetically compatible: Great Danes can mate with Chihuahuas; and any dog can breed with wolves or coyotes.
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DIFFERENCES: 1. Bat is shorter. 2. Home plate is different. 3. Fence board is moved. 4. Clothesline is missing. 5. Glasses are missing. 6. Collar is smaller.
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DOGS (continued): • Dogs roll in dead things to disguise their smell. A deer will sniff the wind and think, "I smell a dead skunk" instead of thinking, "I Answer: smell aDell. canine on the prowl." A VERY LARGE NUMBER • Wolves bark a little and howl a lot. Dogs bark • aEdward Kasner was a mathematician. In 1938 lot and howl a little. Wolves and dogs both he was asked to come up with a name for a howl for the same reason: to get the entire very large number: the numeral one, followed pack together in communication and galvaby a hundred zeros. He asked his two young nize them for action. A howl means, "Where nephews what name they would suggest. are you? Come join me! Let's go do some• thing!" Nine-year-old Milton name Sometimes when suggested people startasinging, out of the funnies. A cartoon strip character their dog mistakenly thinks they are howling named Barney was very popular. Milton chose in order to draw the pack together, and will Barney’s last name for the number. then start howling along. • Kasner announced the new name for the big • When are teaching their the pups to eat numberwolves in his next book, altering spelling. solid food, they will leave animal parts lying • Sixty years later, Larry Page and Sergey Brin around the den: horns, bones, hooves. The developed a new internet search engine. Other pups and gnaw on these as their searchchew engines searched eachobjects webpage and teeth are coming in. When humans leave theira ranked them according to how many times slippers newspapers around, the pup specific or term appeared laying on them, but Page and assumes it's for thesearch sameengine purpose, and will Brin designed their to search for chew the object to bits— and then be comthe specific term and then find out how many links there were that ledit's back to thatforpage, pletely bewildered when punished dowhich resulted a better search engine. ing what comesinnaturally. • They they name that • It's beendecided estimated thatneeded it costs aabout $6,000 reflected how many websites the search to raise a medium-size dog to the age of 11. engine was searching. They took the name • There are about 400 pet cemeteries in the U.S. of Edward Kasner’s very large number, only • In 1894, New York State enacted the first they misspelled it slightly, so it ended up being spelled exactly same way the cartoon dog-licensing lawthe in the nation. character Barney spelled his lastare name. What’s • In 80% of dog bites, victims bitten by a it called? (Answer at bottom of page) family dog or the dog of a neighbor. Some COMPUTER FACTS 60% happen between July and September. • Boys In 1981 Bill15Gates said, “640 kb of victims. memory under are the most frequent ought to be enough for anybody.” • About 20 mail carriers are bitten by dogs dur• ing Moore’s Law states computer performance an average day that in America. doubles every 18 to 24 months, and ever since • The American Kennel Club recognizes 130 1971, this has been true. breeds and registers more than 1.2 million • purebred HP, Google, Microsoft, puppies per year.and Apple were all started in garages. • When dogs and humans sleep together, their Answer: Google, fromcycles googol.tend to coincide. sleep and dreaming
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