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Of Grand Forks • East Grand Forks Published by: Wick Publications

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• Roman leader Julius Caesar established the Julian calendar in 45 BC to correct the old Roman calendar, which had been introduced in 753 BC by Romulus. The old calendar had only 10 months and the year had 304 days, which made the year’s end long before Earth was positioned correctly to start the new year. The Julian calendar had 12 months with 365.25 days, and the introduction of the Leap Year. It was used worldwide for more than 1600 years. Yet, the Julian calendar still produced a difference of one day every 128 years. In 1582, yet another calendar was introduced, the Gregorian calendar, which we use today, with a year consisting of 365.2425 days.

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JU-FACTS (continued):

• When you hear the word jujube, perhaps you think of that fruity chewy gummy candy. They were first produced in the early 20th century, and were especially popular in movie theaters. But you might not know much about the fruit called the jujube, a small, reddish-brown fruit native to southern Asia. The jujube is a very nutritious food, rich in iron, calcium, and phosphorus, as well as Vitamin C and B-complex vitamins. Their tannin content contributes to the fruit’s anti-inflammatory and anti-infection properties. Chinese remedies for insomnia, stress, and anxiety include jujubes. Studies indicate that jujubes are linked to improved digestion and blood purification and even have properties that are helpful in killing cancer cells. • It’s been over 23 years since the original “Jumanji” movie was released. The story revolved around a magical board game in which a man had been trapped for 26 years. Alan Parrish had been playing the game in 1969, when he was captured in the savage jungle of Jumanji. Years later, two young siblings found the game and Alan was released, along with a herd of dangerous wild animals. The trio must finish the game in order to save their city from the destruction by the creatures. Robin Williams, who played Alan, initially turned down the role, but reversed his decision after the script underwent massive rewrites. In 2017, a second “Jumanji” film was released, which takes place 21 years after the original, following four teens trapped in the Jumanji video game. The sequel to that film is set to be released in December of this year. The original “Jumanji” was 1995’s 10th highest-grossing film. The 2017 film was the year’s fifth highest. ...continued


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SPORTS QUIZ 1. Name the only San Diego Padre to belt 50 or more home runs in a season. 2. When was the last time before the 2018 season that the University of Texas football team won 10 or more games in a season? 3. Name the last time before 2017-18 that the Boston Celtics made the NBA Eastern Conference Finals in consecutive years.

4. Who was the last NHL goaltender to win the Vezina Trophy (top regular season goalie) in consecutive seasons? 5. Phil Mickelson is one of two golfers who have won three of the four men’s majors at least once, but have never won the U.S. Open. Who is the other? (hint: he is deceased) 6. Since 1970, which team has lost the most NFC Championship games?


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JU-FACTS (continued):

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• How much do you remember about Jughead, a character in “Archie” comics? Jughead, whose real name was Forsythe Pendleton Jones III, was in the very first Archie story, in December 1941’s “Pep Comics #22.” He’s an intelligent, sarcastic, easy-going high school student and the best friend of Archie Andrews. He’s well-known for his love of hamburgers from Pop Tate’s Chock’lit Shoppe in Riverdale. His crown-shaped hat is called a whoopee cap, a popular piece of headgear in the 1930s and 1940s. His fellow student at Riverdale High, Reggie Mantle, frequently insults Jughead by calling him “needle-nose” because of his long pointy nose. Do you remember the musical group “The Archies,” the group of studio musicians who recorded “Sugar, Sugar?” In the comic strip version, Jughead was the drummer. • Juicy Fruit gum is Wrigley’s oldest brand of chewing gum, introduced a few months ahead of their famous spearmint flavor. The gum wasn’t always sold in that familiar bright yellow package. For decades it came in a green and cream striped pack. In the early 20th century, the pack included redeemable gift coupons, with a variety of prizes, including an umbrella, a mirror, an inkstand, and a 32-piece tea set. Juicy Fruit gum has the honor of having been the very first item to be scanned at a cash register using a UPC code, an event that occurred in June of 1974.




• What do Tom Hanks, Patrick Dempsey, Mel Gibson, Ben Stiller, Rachel Weisz, Eli Manning, and Roger Federer have in common? All of these celebrities are proficient jugglers! The earliest record of juggling is a 15th-century painting found on the wall of the tomb of an Egyptian prince.


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*Answer located further back in this issue.

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• According to ancient Hebrew law, every 50th year was the year of Jubilee, a year of emancipation of slaves and restoration of lands to their former owners. Leviticus 25:9 defines the Jubilee as the sabbatical year after seven cycles of seven years, or 49 years. All land acquired since the last Jubilee was returned to the original family. All money owed was written off and debts were forgiven, all slaves were freed and returned to their family land, and all labor ceased for one year. The word Jubilee translates from the Hebrew for “ram’s horn,” and on the tenth day of the seventh month, the ram’s horn was blown to start the year of redemption. • Although the martial arts of jujitsu and judo share many of the same techniques, they are not the same. The word ‘jujitsu” translates from the Japanese, “ju” for “gentle flexible, or yielding,” and “jitsu” meaning “art or technique.” In this art, the opponent’s force is manipulated against themselves rather than by confronting it with one’s own force. It came about in the 15th century when weapons failed or were lost on the battlefield in close combat. It uses no weapon, or only a short weapon, and uses pins, joint locks, grappling, and throws, turning the attacker’s energy against him. The Samurai focused on throwing the adversary off balance. Judo came along in the 1850s, with many of the more dangerous jujitsu techniques eliminated. In fact, “Judo” translates “gentle way.” Judo is the most widely-practiced martial art worldwide. It is practiced by people of all ages, because of its low risk of harming self and others. The philosophy is “about control, not brute force.”

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The jukebox as we know it was introduced in 1927 by the Automatic Music Instrument Company, the first electrically amplified, multi-selection phonograph that automatically changed records. Their popularity skyrocketed during Prohibition when underground speakeasy’s needed music, but couldn’t accommodate a live orchestra.

by Samantha Weaver

• It was infamous French statesman and military leader Napoleon Bonaparte who made the following sage observation: "In politics, absurdity is not a handicap." • In 2006, an Illinois police officer was arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol. This probably would not be noteworthy, except that it was the same police officer who received an award for making the most DUI arrests in his county. • A single pound of sequoia seeds contains roughly 90,000 individual seeds. • You might be surprised to learn that sloths can hold their breath longer than dolphins -- much longer. Dolphins come up to the surface for air about every 10 minutes, while sloths can go 40 minutes without taking a breath. • Evidently it's not just humans who associate a deeper voice with maturity (and desirability) in males. It seems that male owls try to appear more macho and attract females by lowering the tone of their hoots. • Did you know that in a random group of 23 people, there's a 50% likelihood that two will share a birthday? It seems counterintuitive -- there are, after all, 365 days in a year -- but the numbercrunchers assert that it's true. In a group of 57 people, it's almost certain that two of them will have the same birthday -- the chances are more than 99%. Once you get up to 124 people, the chances are only 1 in 100 trillion that there won't be a duplicated birthday. • Those who keep track of such things say that about 15% of all Google searches are new -that is, they have never been searched before on Google. *** Thought for the Day: "There's only one way to have a happy marriage -- and as soon as I learn what it is, I'll get married again." -- Clint Eastwood © 2019 King Features Synd., Inc.

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• For the next three years, Freud worked in a variety of departments at Vienna General, becoming more and more interested in the psychiatric clinic. In addition to his medical duties, he became a lecturer in neuropathology at the University. • By 1886, he had resigned from the hospital and opened a private practice focusing on what he called “nervous disorders.” One of his common tools was hypnosis, and during the treatment of a certain patient, he made an important discovery. The woman’s symptoms of mental illness dramatically improved when she recovered memories of traumatic childhood events during hypnosis. • Believing that the childhood incidents had a significant effect on adult behavior, Freud began helping patients confront their past and work though the difficulties. • Freud created a prototype of the mind, labeling what he believed to be three levels, the conscious, the subconscious, and the unconscious. Comparing the mind to an iceberg, he defined the conscious as that small amount of the mind’s activity that we know about, the tip of the iceberg. The bulk of the mind lies below the surface, with the subconscious containing those memories that could be retrieved from memory if we try, and the unconscious being things we are unaware of and cannot be made aware of.

• Freud studied his patient’s dreams, believing that dreams were the “royal road to the unconscious.” His conviction was that dreams were a clue to repressed memories, and people dream to cope with those unconscious struggles. • With the Nazi invasion of Austria, the Jewish Freud sought a way to escape. His close friend, Princess Marie Bonaparte, a great-grandniece of the French Emperor Napoleon I, used her great wealth to enable the necessary papers for Freud to leave Vienna for London in June of 1938. She made several attempts to accomplish the same for his four elderly sisters, but failed. All four women died in Nazi concentration camps. • Having been a lifelong smoker, Freud developed cancer of the mouth and jaw. After battling growths in his mouth for 16 years, Freud died just 15 months after settling in London. • Words and expressions that entered our language as a result of Freud’s work include denial, repression, cathartic, neurotic, libido, and the ever-popular Freudian slip.


• Freud was born in what is now the Czech Republic, the first of eight children. In 1873, at age 17, he began his studies at the University of Vienna, intending to study law. A change of heart and nine years later, Freud secured a position at the Vienna General Hospital.

• Freud also developed a model of the parts of the personality. He defined the “id” as that unconscious, impulsive, and irrational part that seeks pleasure and satisfaction of basic instincts. The “ego” attempts to satisfy the id’s demands in a safe and socially acceptable way, while the “superego” is the moral compass and conscience that encourages following the rules. Ignoring the superego’s voice results in guilt and anxiety.


How much do you know about Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis? This week, Tidbits places its focus on this renowned physician who was a pioneer in the study of human behavior.

• Freud discovered that some incidents were locked away in the unconscious because they were too frightening or painful. His method was to attempt to unlock and deal with those memories.




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Solution on Next Page


King Features Weekly Service ©2019 King Features Syndicate, Inc. All rights reserved.

© 2019 King Features Synd., Inc.

(Answers located further back)

November 4, 2019

• Here’s another item to add to your environmentally friendly choices list: If you’re not going to eat takeout food in the car, just say no to plastic utensils. They are usually packaged in a plastic bag with a napkin, so there’s even more you could be saving in waste. • Make your own whipped butter for dinner rolls. Simply let butter come to room temperature, then whip in your electric mixer until it’s nice and fluffy. Chill, or drop by teaspoonful onto a cold cookie sheet lined with parchment paper. Freeze, and then you can arrange them on a plate for a nice presentation. They thaw quickly. • Add to a pot of water a cinnamon stick, a handful of cloves, two slices of citrus (orange, lemon or both) and some cardamom pods if you have them. Put on a slow simmer, and your house will smell so good! • Here’s a great cooking tip when you want to sear meat: Make sure you pat it dry using either paper towels or a kitchen cloth specifically for that purpose. Any moisture on the meat will cause it to steam cook. • Want a quick snack that tastes great? Try spicing your own peanuts with this recipe from the National Peanut Board: In a skillet, heat 1 teaspoon of peanut oil over medium heat. Stir in 1 cup of peanuts and toast for about 1 minute. Next, stir in your choice of spices and cook for 1-2 minutes or until spices smell fragrant. Remove peanuts from the pan to drain well on paper towels. Serve warm or at room temperature. How about curry and ginger, or cilantro with chili powder and cumin? Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, 628 Virginia Drive, Orlando, FL 32803.

• On Nov. 22, 1718, Edward Teach, also known as Blackbeard, is killed off North Carolina's Outer Banks during a battle with a British navy force. In 1717, Teach took over a captured French merchantman from a retired pirate, increased its armament to 40 guns and renamed it the Queen Anne's Revenge. • On Nov. 20, 1923, the U.S. Patent Office grants a patent to Garrett Morgan for his three-position traffic signal. By having a third (yellow warning) position besides just "Stop" and "Go," it regulated crossing vehicles more safely. • On Nov. 23, 1936, the first issue of the magazine Life is published. When the original Life folded during the Great Depression, publisher Henry Luce bought the name and relaunched the magazine as a picture-based periodical. • On Nov. 24, 1947, the House of Representatives votes 346 to 17 to hold 10 Hollywood writers, directors and producers in contempt for refusing to cooperate at hearings dealing with communism in the movie industry. It marked the start of a "blacklist" of names of Hollywood personalities suspected of having communist ties. • On Nov. 19, 1969, Brazilian soccer great Pele scores his 1,000th professional goal. It was a major milestone in a career that included three World Cup championships. • On Nov. 18, 1978, Peoples Temple founder Jim Jones leads 909 of his followers in a mass murdersuicide at their commune in a remote part of the South American nation of Guyana. While many of Jones' followers willingly ingested a poisonlaced punch, others were forced to do so at gunpoint. • On Nov. 21, 1986, National Security Council staff member Oliver North and his secretary, Fawn Hall, begin shredding documents that would have exposed their part in a range of illegal activities. When North was fired, Hall continued to sneak documents to him by stuffing them in her skirt and boots. © 2019 Hearst Communications, Inc. All Rights Reserved







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• More than 50 million people in the United States are bald, for whatever reason, with the vast majority being men. Baldness might be due to family genetics, hormonal changes, medical conditions, or a reaction to medication. • Hair is made up of a shaft that grows out of the skin, a strong root below the skin, and a follicle, in which the root develops. Hair loss is the result of damage to or death of the follicle. When the follicle is damaged, the root can’t grow, and the 8:12 AM shaft can’t develop. • The average person normally loses between 50 and 100 hairs a day, but it’s not noticeable because new hair is continuously growing in. When the growth phase is disrupted, hair loss occurs. Becoming bald is a gradual process, and because it’s not large amounts of loss at a time, about half the hair might be lost before it is even noticed. Hair gets thinner because hairs are not replaced. • Male pattern baldness, which is genetic, is an age-related condition that typically begins later in life, but can affect men in their 20s. A receding hairline is the first symptom, followed by baldness on the top of the head. About half of all men will face some type of hair loss by age 50.

*Answer located back 4 pages.

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• It’s a myth that baldness can only be passed through the mother’s genes. Baldness can be inherited from either parent. It’s also a myth that baldness can be caused by frequently wearing hats or helmets. The argument is that in order to have a head of healthy hair, the scalp needs to breathe. But hair follicles are under the skin, and they receive plenty of oxygen from the bloodstream, and exposure to air isn’t necessary. ...continued


Solution on Next Page

BALDNESS (continued):

• Vigorous shampooing also does not contribute to balding. Hair loss is just more noticeable in the shower drain.

DIFFERENCES: 1. Eyeglasses are missing. 2. Man's collar is different. 3. House has been added. 4. Fence slat is missing. 5. Rake is missing. 6. Bricks have been added. © 2019 King Features Synd., All rights reserved.

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• About $1 billion a year is spent on the battle against baldness in the form of shampoos, lotions, pills promising to cure baldness, hair pieces, and follicle transplants. Toupees and hairpieces alone amount to $250 million a year. A hair transplant, which can cost from $3,000 up to $20,000, takes hair from an area where a person has hair and moves it to the bald area. A surgeon removes a 6- to 10-inch strip of skin from the back of the head, and divides it into up to 2,000 tiny grafts. Holes or slits are made in the scalp with a scalpel, and the grafts are placed in the holes. The process takes between 4 and 8 hours. • When small patches of hair loss occur, it’s usually the result of alopecia areata, which occurs as a by-product of psychological or physical stress. Alopecia is usually temporary, and can be brought on by chemotherapy, surgery, a hormonal imbalance, or sudden weight loss. Hair loss can occur overnight. • Some prescriptions claim to reverse hair loss. Rogaine is designed to stimulate hair follicles and seems to slow hair loss for many when applied to the scalp. A pill known as Propecia has been shown to decrease the rate of hair loss, but hair loss returns when the treatment is discontinued.


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Quiz Answers

1. Junket 2. Juxtapose 3. Arizona and New Mexico 4. 1974 5. Girl Scouts

6. Meat Loaf 7. John Winston Lennon 8. 2020 9. 4077th



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Sports Answers 1. Greg Vaughn 5. Sam Snead hit 50 in 1998. 6. San Francisco 49ers 2. 2009 season have lost 9 (13-1) times. 3. 1987-88 4. New Jersey’s Martin Brodeur, in 2007 & 2008.

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1430 I-85 Parkway, Ste. 210 Montgomery, AL 36106 (800) 523-3096

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$50 OFF *Limited


Time On

Edge 2x Reg. $569.00

Flex 2 Reg. $499.00

Edge 1x Reg. $439.00








INSTALLED* • 1-Mile Range • 2-Way Feedback • Inverted LCD Screen • Includes 2-Way & 1-Way remote



• 3000 ft. Range • 2-Way Feedback • Includes 2-Way & 1-Way remote

• 1-Mile Range • Includes Two 1-Way remotes

*Most Makes & Models


You’re Never Out of Range Whether you’re at the mall, the game, or the airport, you’ll always be able to start your car using the DroneMobile app.

30 Days FREE Basic Service

With purchase of Drone Mobile

Receive Detailed Alerts: When your car is broken into.


When your door is opened

Remote Start and Drone Mobile Package available at Special Pricing. Ask your Accessories Professional at Rydell’s.

When your engine is started.



• Heats Up in Seconds • Even Heat Distribution • Safe & Durable

Diamond Dealer

Floor Liners • Most advanced floor protection available today. • Perfect fit. • Rigid core for strength. • Surface friction to the carpet. • Lower reservoir that channels fluids and debris away from shoes and clothing.




INSTALLED* *Per seat

Reg. $285.00 *For a Limited Time

Low Can be Installed in Front & Back Seats

*Most Makes & Models

Large Inventory on Hand

*Most Makes & Models

WE INSTALL: • Auto Starts • Truck Bedliners • Running Boards / Nerf Bars • Bed Rails • Tonneau Covers • Chrome Accessories • Rims & Tires • WeatherTech • Window Tinting • Hitches • Grille Guards • DVD Headrests • & Much More!


2700 South Washington St. Grand Forks, ND

(701) 757-5969

Accessories Deptartment: AJ Preston 701-757-5969

Profile for Tidbits of Grand Forks - East Grand Forks

Tidbits of Grand Forks - November 14, 2019  

"JU-Facts," "Sigmund Freud" and "Baldness"

Tidbits of Grand Forks - November 14, 2019  

"JU-Facts," "Sigmund Freud" and "Baldness"