Issuu on Google+


North&Korea,&or,&officially,&the&Democratic&People’s&Republic&of&Korea,&has&been& under&a&dictatorial&regime&since&the&late&1940s.&Under&the&rule&of&Kim&IlCSung,&Kim& JongCIl,&and&Kim&JongCUn,&horrific&labour&camps&have&been&used&as&punishments&for& offenses&that&range&from&arbitrary&comments&that,&taken&out&of&context,&could&be& considered&“treasonous”,&to&attempting&to&defect&from&North&Korea.&Every&person& arrested&and&sent&to&these&labour&camps&has&their&entire&family&sent&with&them&as& well,&and&the&following&two&generations&of&the&family&are&doomed&to&spend&their& entire&lives&in&these&camps.&& & The&camps&go&against&numerous&human&rights.&The&prisoners&are&starved,&worked& from&dawn&to&dusk,&forced&to&stand&in&stress&positions,&beaten,&and&raped,&among& other&atrocities.&At&one&point&there&were&around&200,000&people&being&held&in&these& camps;&these&days&it’s&closer&to&120,000.&To&read&a&true&story&about&growing&up&in&a& North&Korean&labour&camp,&read&Escape&From&Camp&14&by&Blaine&Harden.&A&list&of& the&human&rights&as&defined&by&the&UN&that&North&Korea&is&currently&violating&by& running&these&camps&is&below.& & Article(4:&No&one&shall&be&held&in&slavery&or&servitude;&slavery&and&the&slave&trade&shall& be&prohibited&in&all&their&forms.& Article(5:&No&one&shall&be&subjected&to&torture&or&to&cruel,&inhuman&or&degrading& treatment&or&punishment.& Article(9:&No&one&shall&be&subjected&to&arbitrary&arrest,&detention&or&exile.& Article(10:&Everyone&is&entitled&in&full&equality&to&a&fair&and&public&hearing&by&an& independent&and&impartial&tribunal,&in&the&determination&of&his&rights&and&obligations& and&of&any&criminal&charge&against&him.& Article(11:&(1)&Everyone&charged&with&a&penal&offence&has&the&right&to&be&presumed& innocent&until&proved&guilty&according&to&law&in&a&public&trial&at&which&he&has&had&all&the& guarantees&necessary&for&his&defence.& (2)&No&one&shall&be&held&guilty&of&any&penal&offence&on&account&of&any&act&or&omission& which&did&not&constitute&a&penal&offence,&under&national&or&international&law,&at&the&time& when&it&was&committed.&Nor&shall&a&heavier&penalty&be&imposed&than&the&one&that&was& applicable&at&the&time&the&penal&offence&was&committed.& Article(18:&Everyone&has&the&right&to&freedom&of&thought,&conscience&and&religion;&this& right&includes&freedom&to&change&his&religion&or&belief,&and&freedom,&either&alone&or&in& community&with&others&and&in&public&or&private,&to&manifest&his&religion&or&belief&in& teaching,&practice,&worship&and&observance.& Article(19:&Everyone&has&the&right&to&freedom&of&opinion&and&expression;&this&right& includes&freedom&to&hold&opinions&without&interference&and&to&seek,&receive&and&impart& information&and&ideas&through&any&media&and&regardless&of&frontiers.& Article(21:&(1)&Everyone&has&the&right&to&take&part&in&the&government&of&his&country,& directly&or&through&freely&chosen&representatives.& (2)&Everyone&has&the&right&of&equal&access&to&public&service&in&his&country.& (3)&The&will&of&the&people&shall&be&the&basis&of&the&authority&of&government;&this&will& shall&be&expressed&in&periodic&and&genuine&elections&which&shall&be&by&universal&and& equal&suffrage&and&shall&be&held&by&secret&vote&or&by&equivalent&free&voting&procedures.& Article(22:&Everyone,&as&a&member&of&society,&has&the&right&to&social&security&and&is& entitled&to&realization,&through&national&effort&and&international&coCoperation&and&in& accordance&with&the&organization&and&resources&of&each&State,&of&the&economic,&social&


and&cultural&rights&indispensable&for&his&dignity&and&the&free&development&of&his& personality.& Article(23:&(1)&Everyone&has&the&right&to&work,&to&free&choice&of&employment,&to&just&and& favourable&conditions&of&work&and&to&protection&against&unemployment.& (2)&Everyone,&without&any&discrimination,&has&the&right&to&equal&pay&for&equal&work.& (3)&Everyone&who&works&has&the&right&to&just&and&favourable&remuneration&ensuring&for& himself&and&his&family&an&existence&worthy&of&human&dignity,&and&supplemented,&if& necessary,&by&other&means&of&social&protection.& (4)&Everyone&has&the&right&to&form&and&to&join&trade&unions&for&the&protection&of&his& interests.& Article(24:(Everyone&has&the&right&to&rest&and&leisure,&including&reasonable&limitation&of& working&hours&and&periodic&holidays&with&pay.& Article(25:&(1)&Everyone&has&the&right&to&a&standard&of&living&adequate&for&the&health& and&wellCbeing&of&himself&and&of&his&family,&including&food,&clothing,&housing&and& medical&care&and&necessary&social&services,&and&the&right&to&security&in&the&event&of& unemployment,&sickness,&disability,&widowhood,&old&age&or&other&lack&of&livelihood&in& circumstances&beyond&his&control.& (2)&Motherhood&and&childhood&are&entitled&to&special&care&and&assistance.&All&children,& whether&born&in&or&out&of&wedlock,&shall&enjoy&the&same&social&protection.& Article(30:&Nothing&in&this&Declaration&may&be&interpreted&as&implying&for&any&State,& group&or&person&any&right&to&engage&in&any&activity&or&to&perform&any&act&aimed&at&the& destruction&of&any&of&the&rights&and&freedoms&set&forth&herein.& & &


It's been three weeks.

BUT every time i close my eyes, i see...

I can't sleep.

MEALS OF CHICKEN, CHESTNUTS, AND CARROTS...

... COOKED BY MY MOTHER, MONTHS AGO...

And the cramped cattle car that brought my family to Camp 8.

I SEE MY FATHER'S SHINY NORTH KOREAN FLAG PIN, AND THE FACE OF KIM ILSUNG...

... now confiscated and given to his successor.


and most frequently of all, i see my sister's execution.

Time passes in a blur, with little to no sleep, endless amounts of work, and i become thinner and thinner. My ribs and cheekbones are now visible.


last night, I wasn't sleeping, as usual, and i heard my mother crying.

I should just kill myself instead of giving them the chance.

I'm pregnant. if the guards find out, they'll kill me. don't tell anyone!

Without Mama, I'll be all alone...

Please don't die, mama.


Wrong, seong-min ! No lunch rations fo r you.

this morning, i tried to answer a question and got it wrong. I look up to see a boy with a head too big for his body.

I'm Song Ji-hun.

I'm staring at my empty plate when a bowl of soup is suddenly pushed in front of me!

Don't.. Don't you need your food?

I think you need it more than i do today. Don't worry, I'll be fine.

He better tell me something good - I need to report to the guards soon.


I just can't get my mother out of my mind.

Thank you so much.

My mother is pregnant. The guards will kill her..

... And then i'll be all alone. Why are you still upset?!

DON'T TELL ANYONE!! IT'S A SECRET.

I HOPE I'M NOT MAKING A MISTAKE TRUSTING SONG JI-HUN... I JUST NEEDED TO TELL SOMEONE! Don't worry. I won't tell a soul! yes!!! The guards will reward me well for this.


I can't wait to get my extra food. Today is the perfect day to tell the guards.

..

All guards look the same to me - mean, and lucky.


Su-jin!!!

Mama!!!

NOOO!!


Stop! no!!

I won't do it! you can't make me!

NOOO!


DROWN THE BABY.

NOW!!!

And then we watched my baby brother die.


MONTHS WENT BY. MY MOTHER SUNK INTO A DEEP DEPRESSION, BECOMING SO FRAGILE IT FELT LIKE A SIGH WOULD BREAK HER. AS SHE WITHERED AWAY BEFORE MY EYES, I BECAME NUMB TO THE WORLD AROUND ME...

... UNTIL, ONE NIGHT, SHE WHISPERED TO ME THE MOST DANGEROUS SENTENCE I HAD EVER HEARD.


!


Works  Cited     Cumming-­Bruce,  Nick.  "U.N.  Panel  Urges  International  Action  on  North  Korean  Human  Rights  Abuses."  The  New   York  Times.  The  New  York  Times,  17  Sept.  2013.  Web.  06  Apr.  2014.       <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/18/world/europe/un-­panel-­urges-­action-­on-­north-­korean-­rights-­abuses .html?_r=0>.   Notes:  This  article  gives  factual  information  on  accounts  given  by  defectors  of  atrocities  witnessed  by  people  held  in   the  camps.     2013,  6:30PM  GMT  21  Dec.  "North  Korean  Defector  Looks  Back  At  Gulag  He  Escaped."  The  Telegraph.  Telegraph   Media  Group,  28  June.  Web.  06  Apr.  2014.     <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/10531572/North-­Korean-­defector-­looks-­back -­at-­gulag-­he-­escaped.html>.   Notes:  This  article  is  about  the  same  escapee  as  the  book  (Escape  From  Camp  14…)  and  there  is  a  video  in  the  article   showing  him  looking  at  satellite  images  and  showing  the  different  parts  of  the  camp  that  he  was  held  in  (Camp  14).   This  could  be  essential  if  I  want  to  include  a  map  of  a  camp  in  my  book.     Harden,  Blaine.  Escape  from  Camp  14:  One  Man's  Remarkable  Odyssey  From  North  Korea  To  Freedom  In  The   West.  New  York:  Viking,  2012.  Print.   Notes:  This  book  is  a  very  valuable  resource.  It  tells  the  (real)  story  of  a  man  who  was  born  in  a  prison  labor  camp,   and  managed  to  escape  to  South  Korea.  The  bulk  of  my  research  was  from  this  book,  and  the  articles  were   supplementary.     UN  General  Assembly,  Universal  Declaration  of  Human  Rights,  10  December  1948,  217  A  (III),  available  at:   http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b3712c.html  [accessed  18  April  2014]   Notes:  This  declaration  is  the  basis  for  this  project  in  that  the  North  Korean  gulags  go  against  many  Human  Rights.        


'Camp 8' by Madeline S. (THINK Global School)