October 2022

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VINDICATOR C leveland State University’s Art and Culture Magazine WOMEN IN ROCK AND METAL Page 20 HIS NAME WAS JAYLAND WALKER Page 29 THE STORY OF A VOTING NON-VOTER Page 26 OCTOBER 2022

In this Issue

Videos of the Vindicator

Table of

Letter From The Editor


Women in Rock and Metal

the glass ceiling, one song at

24 The Story of a Voting Non-Voter

Why you should vote and how to do it.

His Name was Jayland Walker

In the aftermath of another police killing, a grieving

seeks justice.


06 They Just Don’t Make ‘Em Like They Used To

An article spotlighting old and new horror movies.

08 Halloween Movies for the Easily Spooked

Love getting into the Halloween spirit with a good movie but not getting scared?

10 Sounds of Summer

Want to get to know the new leaders of the Vindi? Read on to hear their favorite albums of the summer, you might just find your next album obsession.

12 Literary Legacy of Taylor Swift

Universities embrace the pop star as a narrative icon.


14 Don’t Wear Me.

Halloween is a time for scares, candy, and apparently, disrespecting people’s cultures.

16 Columbus Day vs. Indigenous Peoples Day

The long history of conflict behind this day.


29 Orientation Now!

A (satirical) guide to Cleveland State for the new and gullible.

Women Score Major Changes in 2022

kicked in the right direction due to women’s global successes

32 On Campus Side Hustles

How can students find jobs on campus?

America’s Morbid Fascination

Recently, true crime content has skyrocketed in popularity.

Fashion + Wellness

18 Fall Recipies

A collection of a few comforting and tasty recipes to try this fall season.

Contents 04
Features 20
a time.
SOCIAL pg. 29


October is one of the most universally beloved months out of the year. We all seem to have our own ways to express our bittersweet love for the end of summer. For some, there’s heartwarming sentimentality in busting the fall sweaters free from our closets. Others take advantage of the cozy weather to flock to coffee shops, book stores, and pumpkin patches. Some spend time in the kitchen baking pastries, brewing tea, and cooking delightful harvest soups, stews, and roasts. For poets, it almost seems like a rite of passage to sing sweet praises to the delicate October ambience.

With the coming of October, a strange dichotomy emerges. The season is literally the summer dying away — the beginning of the end. Yet the crisp, fresh air and the beautiful golden foliage bring with them an unrelenting sense of newness and possibility. Cleveland in particular thrives in the fall with the return of students to CSU, the exciting overlapping of multiple sports seasons, and the invigorating and reliable October weather that Northeast Ohio is so well known for.

With the start of the school year, I always see a sense of hope and newness return. It’s so thrilling to be back on campus with old and new friends, and especially exciting to hear many of these friends share the ideas that they care deeply for at the Vindicator pitch table.

This issue is ripe with Cleveland State students’ passions, expectations, and initiative to change the future for the better. On page 24, Culture Editor Cael Shaw and new contributor Sebastián Canales inspire us to fight for the future we want to see by sharing their stories about the vital importance of voting.

Copy Editor Lynn Nichols and new contributor Audrey Stratton share their love for music and the arts on page 20 in “Girls Rock!” where they explore all of the inspiring women in the rock and metal scene right now.

And be sure to check out “His Name Was Jayland Walker” by Multimedia Manager Ryan Roliff on page 29 and “Orientation Now” by returning contributor Cameron Mays on page 28. You can find additional video companions for these articles online at thevindi.com

I am so excited to begin this next year for the Vindicator with such a talented and driven team of editors, artists and writers alike. I hope you’ll join us for the journey as we share the issues, interests and passions that drive the heart and soul of Cleveland State University.



Staff Heads

Cara Robbins Editor-in-Chief

Katherine Justiniani Art Director

Jakob Roberts Assistant Art Director

Megan Mullaly Managing Edito

Lynn Nichols Copy Editor

Ryan Roliff Multimedia Manager

Sheila Kiss Arts Editor

Cael Shaw Culture Editor

Emma Smallwood Features Editor

Sophie Farrar Fashion and Wellness Editor

Abigail Jarvis Social Editor

Abigail Preiszig Online Content Manager


Ryan Roliff Cameron Mays

*The content of the Vindicator does not necessarily represent the opinions of Cleveland State University, its students, faculty, or staff: nor does it represent the members of the Vindicator staff or our advisors unless otherwise stated. The editor reserves the right to comment on any issue that affects the student body in general as well as the multicultural community at large. Letters to the editor and other submissions are accepted, however they must have the author’s name, address, major if applicable, and telephone number. All submissions become property of the Vindicator and the Vindicator reserves the right to edit submissions as deemed necessary. Magazine and newspaper theft is a crime; limit one per person.*


Andrea Brazis

Sophie Farrar

Abigail Jarvis

Elise Provident

Jaida Nolan

Halle Elder

Sheila Kiss

Lynn Nichols Audrey Stratton

Cael Shaw

Sebastián Canales

Cameron Mays

Ryan Roliff

Abigail Preiszig

Emma Smallwood


Katherine Justiniani

Jakob Roberts

Zanna Lewkowicz

Prathinav Dutta

Naliyah DeJesus

Justin Chambers


They Just Don’t Make Em’ Like They Used To

An article spotlighting old and new horror movies

When it comes to horror movies, a variety of factors can make it good or great. Old horror is timeless. These movies created a blueprint for the new horror movies; they’re unmatched, nostalgic.

In new horror movies, you can have a decent sto ryline, phenomenal CGI and mediocre acting, and it can still be considered “good.” However, in old horror movies, you need to have a good plot and great acting, because the actors and movie can’t rely on special effects or CGI.

Newer horror movies and sagas such as “The Conjuring,” “Insidious” and “Fear Street” all heavily rely on jump scares and special effects to drive the movie. This isn’t to say that the plotlines are uninteresting or boring, but they lack originali ty. New horror movies recycle similar ideas and are really “reworked copies'' of original horror movies. Typically, there’s paranormal activity in an aban doned house and the family is in danger. By the conclusion of the movie, the characters either de feat the evil or the evil destroys them. Classic and simple. Although these storylines might keep the interest of a young audience, it’s not enough to hold the fortress in the cinematic industry of hor ror. Recycled plots and ideas lead to increased pre dictability and, frankly, boredom.

Many new horror movies are created as sequels or remakes of the classics which attempt to “mod ernize” the storylines — and their attempts are ul timately unsuccessful. If you compare the reviews for remakes to the reviews for the originals, I bet that you’ll find much higher reviews for the origi nals. Newer isn’t always better.

I can’t argue that new horror movies don’t have great CGI — they do. But great CGI can’t replace a poor or mediocre storyline. Great CGI can scare you, leaving you speechless and frightened in the moment, plus five minutes after, tops.

Movies don’t create psychos. Movies make psychos more creative.

-Billy Loomis (“Scream”)

But old horror? Old horror includes all those movies from the 1900s that are still referenced to this day: in our conversations, our TV shows, even our songs. Think about how many times Fred dy Kreuger, Michael Myers or Hannibal Lecter are referenced in new horror movies. How many times have you heard those names around Hal loween, even if you weren’t sure exactly who they were? How many Ghostface masks have you seen on trick-or-treaters? Now how many times have you heard the names James Sandin or Josh Lam bert? I’d guess possibly once, but likely never. New horror movies might create decent storylines and well-developed characters, but they’re typically not as memorable as the classics.

But what really makes old horror better? What makes it stand out? For one, a lot of old horror movies created fresh, new storylines that hadn’t been used before. This captivated audiences; the use of psychological properties and taboo subjects to create unique plots and memorable characters is what lies at the heart of cinematic horror. Movies like “The Shining,” “The Silence of the Lambs” and

“ Terror that reflects reality is frightening on a level that can’t be explained

But there’s something beautiful and unique about the new horror that’s emerging.

“Psycho” leave a psychological and emotional im pact on you long after the end of the movie. These stories are the ones that give you nightmares, the ones that push past the limits of the human psyche into a whole new realm of terror.

Old horror movies take time to build — direc tors didn’t want to throw all the jump scares in the beginning of the movie. Directors also didn’t want one scare after another; they wanted to create a storyline. Old horror allows you to really get to know the characters, understand their background and connect with them in some way. This way, by the climax of the movie, it’s far more powerful.

The special effects in these movies were unsur prisingly mediocre and low-budget, but the direc tors worked hard with what they had. The lack of CGI allowed for plots that didn’t revolve around terrorizing audiences through gory murder scenes or realistic-looking corpses. Lack of CGI forced actors to be authentic: they became the roles. In many of the old horror movies, actors quite liter ally put their blood, sweat and tears into their role, because they drove the movie. Take “The Shining,” for example; if you’ve ever watched it, you know just how real Shelley Duvall’s performance was. There’s true terror behind the eyes of many actors from old horror movies, a terror that is actively represented on-screen. Terror that reflects reality is frightening on a level that can’t be explained.

The 1980s saw the release of many classic hor ror movies. Around this time, something called the “Satanic Panic” was beginning to rile up society. This was the idea that people should not sin because they would be damned to severe punishment. This ideology was best represented in the 1996 movie “Scream” by director Wes Craven. In a monologue as Randy Meeks, Jamie Kennedy describes the mor al expectations of the genre: “Number one, you can never have sex. Big no-no, big no-no. Sex equals death, okay? Number two, you can never drink or do drugs. No sin factor. This is sin.” This idea was conveyed in multiple horror movies, serving as a popular theme for the time. These movies included “Friday the 13th,” “The Evil Dead,” “A Nightmare on Elm Street” and “Texas Chainsaw Massacre.”

Many old horror movies also included original scores and background music, which gave them character and added to the suspense.

New horror movies tend to recycle and remix scores from old horror movies, rather than creating their own. In new horror, the soundtrack’s purpose is to keep the audience entertained, which means that these songs aren’t as intentional or scary as the older ones. But even more frequently, new horror movies might not include a score at all. They may rely on circumstantial sounds, such as heels clicking or floors creaking, to create a different sort of suspense.

In an article for The Eagle Edition, Aynur Rauf writes that “in the midst of a sen sitive political climate, I be lieve that newer horror films have served to provide so cial commentary rather than solely act as a scary movie.”

The article continues, “Jordan Peele’s ‘Get Out’ and ‘Us’ are examples of astounding horror movies that serve to provide commentary on race and social class in America.” This isn’t to say that Peele isn’t a phenomenal di rector, but the storylines of these movies weren’t intended to simply be scary. These movies were created to spark conversation surrounding more uncomfortable or sensitive topics.

But there’s something beautiful and unique about the new horror that’s emerging. These new movies focus less on a general scare factor and more on situations and individuals that reflect our everyday lives.

Cinematic old horror tends to be more psycho logically scary; it can rock you to your core. How ever, as new directors emerge, I have no doubt that newer horror will start to take over. New horror will entail more than just a scary storyline — it’ll include disturbing psychological content and ref erences to real issues. Believe me, there’s nothing scarier than the reality that awaits outside the cin ematic universe.

In an article from Pipe Dream, freshman student Evan Schulz writes, “movies like the ‘Dawn of the Dead’ are classics, they pioneered the trends that are acceptable for horror films now.”

As cinematic horror continues to evolve, we’ll begin to see the new movies take an edge over the old ones. I have no doubt that directors like Jordan Peele will continue to grow, utilizing every possible aspect of horror to create storylines that will truly

As cinematic horror continues to evolve, we’ll begin to see the new movies take an edge over the old ones



Asthe fall time approaches, Halloween lovers such as myself can have a difficult time finding thematic movies to watch when many of them can be a little too scary and difficult to watch. To help my fellow easily spooked get in the right mood for the holiday, I’ve compiled a list of 20 fall- and Halloween-themed movies that have been vetted by me. The list is divided into categories describing the movies’ overall vibe, and gets progressively scarier as it continues. Happy viewing!


The return of fall also brings along the return of school. If the start of the semester is wearing you down, here are some movies to get you into the back-to-school spirit.

Perks of Being a Wallflower

Perfect for reminiscing your Tumblr phase and sobbing profusely.

Where to Watch: HBO Max or Paramount+ with subscription

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone

This one is for all the people that dressed up as wizards or witches for Halloween growing up. Where to Watch: Peacock with subscription

Dead Poets Society

Nothing says fall like a homoerotic tradgedy!

Where to Watch: Available to rent on Google Play, Apple TV, Vudu and Amazon Prime Video for $3.99

Kill Your Darlings

Interested in how some of the earliest Beat Generation authors got their start? Interested in Daniel Radcliffe? Try Kill Your Darlings!

Where to Watch: Free on Tubi

Sometimes you don’t need something spooky to get into the Halloween Spirit. “


Sometimes you don’t need something spooky to get in the Halloween spirit. The mood, plot and music of a film can all transport you into an autumn atmosphere.

Fantastic Mr. Fox

The epitome of the fall movie.

Where to Watch: Hulu or Disney+ with subscription

It’s the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown

A Charlie Brown special is a staple for any holiday. Where to Watch: Apple TV with subscription

Knives Out Chris Evans wears a cable knit sweater. That’s all you really need to know.

Where to Watch: Available to rent on Youtube, Google Play, Apple TV, Vudu and Amazon Prime Video for $3.99

Twilight You better hold on tight, spider monkey. It’s officially binge-watching-“Twilight” season. Where to Watch: Peacock with subscription

Little Women

Emma Watson, Florence Pugh and Saoirse Ronan — oh my!

Where to Watch: Hulu with premium subscription

Love getting into the Halloween spirit with a good movie but not getting scared?
Photo by Anne Spratt of Unslapsh

More than a fall feeling, but also not too terrifying “


More than just the fall feeling — but also not too terrifying — these movies are ideal for reminiscing your childhood or simply having a good time.

The Rocky Horror Picture Show

If you grew up watching “Glee,” you may be familiar with this cult classic. Watch with an open mind and have a fun time at the late-night, double-feature, picture show!

Where to Watch: Available to rent on Youtube, Google Play, Apple TV, Vudu and Amazon Prime Video for $3.99

Monster House

There’s no time like the present. If “Monster House” scared you as a kid, it’s time to give it another try!

Where to Watch: Netflix with subscription


Good to watch all the way through Día de Los Muertos.

Where to Watch: Disney+ with subscription

Hocus Pocus

There’s no more perfect time to watch than when there’s a brand new sequel to watch right after. Where to Watch: Disney+ with subscription Halloweentown


Finally, we’ve reached the movies that (at least to me!) are actually spooky. Despite their freaky nature, I’ve survived these scary movies without being traumatized.

It How would I describe “It”? Camp. Pennywise feeds off children’s fear, so get ready for some exaggerated gags like moving paintings that lean more silly than scary.

Where to Watch: Netflix or HBO Max with sub scription

It: Chapter Two Bill Hader as Richie Tozier? Yeah. “It: Chapter Two” is not only a horror movie I enjoyed without getting too scared, but also one of my favorite movies of all time.

Where to Watch: HBO Max with subscription

A Quiet Place

More suspenseful than scary with the exception of a few jump scares.

Where to Watch: Paramount+ with subscription and Hulu or Amazon Prime Video with premium subscription

Scream What’s your favorite scary movie? “Scream” is one of mine.

Where to Watch: Paramount+ with subscription and Hulu or Amazon Prime Video with premium subscription

Get Out

Jordan Peele’s must-watch directorial debut will leave you thinking in a different way than most horror movies do.

Where to Watch: Hulu with premium subscription


Florence Pugh is a girlboss and can do no wrong.

Where to Watch: Paramount+ with subscription and Hulu or Amazon Prime Video with premium subscription

Photo by Lea of Unslapsh

Sounds of ummer

Want to get to know the new leaders of the Vindi? Read on to hear their favorite albums of the summer, you might just find your next album obsession.

Editor-in-Chief: Cara Robbins Album: “Lemonade” by Beyonce

Why: Beyonce dropping a new album this summer meant I just had to visit some of the old classics — and something about “Lemonade” makes it simultaneous ly so timeless and fresh to listen to.

Managing Editor: Megan Mullaly Album: “Inside (Deluxe)” by Bo Burnham

Why: I loved Bo Burnham’s “Inside” and listened to the album on repeat during the summer of 2021. He released “Inside (Deluxe)” last spring and my brother and I had the bonus tracks on repeat all summer. Now I find myself humming “Microwave Popcorn” every time I’m making popcorn.

Copy Editor: Lynn Nichols Album: “My Agenda (Deluxe)” by Dorian Electra

Why: Electra satirizes gender roles, Internet subcultures and right-wing con spiracy theories in their second, provocative hyperpop album. The 2021 deluxe version features high-energy remixes and collabs, along with a return to the gender-fluid artist’s over-the-top aesthetic and sound.

Online Content Editor: Abigail Preiszig Album: “Juno” by Remi Wolf

Why: Self described “funky soul pop” artist Remi Wolf has scratched every itch in my brain this summer with her layered upbeat music and powerful voice. “Juno,” named after her dog, is Wolf’s most recent album and it’s quite addic tive. Listen at your own risk.

Arts Editor: Sheila Kiss Album: “The Battle at Garden’s Gate” by Greta Van Fleet

Why: Greta Van Fleet brings a modern take on classic Rock and Roll music. Their music has given me a new appreciation for the classic oldies. Highly recommended for an instant mood boost.

Culture Editor: Cael Shaw Album: “Un Verano Sin Ti” by Bad Bunny

Why: Latin American music always has been, and always will be among my favorite music genres. This album got me through all of my heavy lifting work outs, countless lifeguard shifts, late night dance parties and more!


Features Editor: Emma Smallwood

Album: “Folklore” by Taylor Swift

Why: The summer album to end all summer albums. Taylor’s poetic lyrics com bined with her ethereal voice are the perfect backdrop to any summer occasion

Fashion & Wellness Editor: Sophie Farrar

Album: “Harry’s House” by Harry Styles

Why: In my personal opinion, Harry’s best album yet. It was the perfect soundtrack for driving to work in the morning, laying out in the sun and liter ally anything else I did this past summer.

Social Section Editor: Abigail Jarvis

Album: “Surrender” by Maggie Rogers

Why: Rogers creates a euphoric sense of freedom through comforting melodies, heart holding lyrics, rebellious femininity, and what she calls “feral joy.” In a time of crisis, it is a revolution to prioritize happiness!

Art Director: Katie Justiniani

Album: “Mr. Morale & The Big Steppers” by Kendrick Lamar

Why: Dropped this summer, this album has so many personal stories of the gangster that is Kendrick Lamar. Following him for many years and hearing these intimate stories of the darker parts of Lamar’s life. This album felt in credibly sentimental to me as Lamar touches on topics like minorities, LGBTQIA communities, old trauma and most of all, triumph through hardships. Kendrick once again created an album that leaves fans sobbing and dancing.

Assistant Art Director: Jakob Roberts

Album: “Joy as an Act of Resistance” by IDLES

Why: It’s a high energy punk record with lyrics exploring topics such as toxic masculinity, self-love, class, immigration, Brexit and more. This album truly lives up to its name as they perform with equal parts love and anger. I love this album so much and I have never heard anything quite like it!

Multimedia Editor: Ryan Roliff

Album: “What Do You Think About the Car?” By Declan McKenna

Why: Declan brought back politically-charged indie music for the 21st century. His songs dive headfirst into issues such as militarism, government corruption, transphobia in news media, hypocritical uses of religion and more.

Check out the spotify playlist!


Halloween is a time for scares, candy, and apparently, disrespecting people’s cultures.


are crunching under foot, pump kin spice is in the air and the breeze just got chilly enough to send that spe cial tingle up your spine as the beloved holiday of Halloween approaches. All Hollow’s Eve involves quite a few sweet and spooky activities: bobbing for apples, trick or treating, carv ing pumpkins and so much more. Arguably one of the most popular traditions of this season is dress ing up as something other than yourself for one night of spectacular fun. However, unlike the usual scary-but-wholesome vibes of Halloween, this tra dition has a serious dark side.

Cultural appropriation has been a hot topic of de bate for the better half of the last decade, bolstered by the amount of offensive and insensitive costumes that are often worn on Halloween night. In case you don’t know exactly what cultural appropria tion means, Dictionary.com defines the term as “the adoption, usually without acknowledgment, of cul tural identity markers from subcultures or minori ty communities into mainstream culture by people with a relatively privileged status.” Essentially, it is wearing the traditional clothing or accessories of a culture that you are not a part of for monetary or social gain.

For Halloween, this would include dressing up as an “Indian Princess,” “Tequila shooter guy,” or a “Geisha woman.” This would also include painting your skin to be a darker shade to depict a certain ethnic group or “stay true” to a fictional character’s

identity. While this doesn’t seem too sinister on the surface, a deeper look unveils why it is so harmful. Dressing up as a person of color, whether they are Black, Native American, Asian or Hispanic, is not the same as dressing up as a doctor or police officer — even if they both draw inspiration from real life. The difference here is obvious: anyone can be a doctor or police officer. Only those born as Black, Native American, Asian or Hispanic can bear those respec tive cultural identities. It is never necessary to be so “true” to a character’s design to the point of being offensive.

Cultural appropriation doesn’t just hurt minority groups by making them uncomfortable. It actually often leads to the reinforcement of harmful stereo types about their people. As previously mentioned, one popular costume is a tequila shooter — which is not only almost never worn by an actual Hispan ic person, but also reinforces the idea that Hispanic people are frequent drinkers. While it could be ar gued that anyone could be a tequila shooter, these costumes almost always include the Mexican flag and other traditional Hispanic clothing. These cos tumes can get even lazier, as when non-Hispanic people just throw on a poncho, which is often worn in Mexico as a traditional clothing item, slap on a cheesy mustache, and use their outfit as an excuse to put on an extremely out-of-touch “Mexican” ac cent.

This reinforcement of harmful stereotypes can span across all cultures. Wearing clothing associat ed with Black culture while using African American Vernacular English (AAVE), and calling yourself a “gangster” for Halloween, does nothing but reveal that you perceive Black people as aggressive and criminal, even when they are just going about their

This tradition has a serious dark side. “

day-to-day activities and existing in their skin. Putting on a kimono and speaking in a conglomer ation of all the East Asian accents you’ve ever heard — even though kimonos are solely from Japanese culture — contributes to the problem of lumping every Asian country into the same cultural identity. Finally, donning a Native American headdress to be a “war chief” reinforces one of the oldest stereo types to date that Native Americans are nothing but mindless savages.

Another common form of cultural appropriation involves taking sacred or traditional clothing and making it “sexy” for a cute Halloween costume. This is often seen as people wearing “skimpy” versions of things like the previously mentioned traditional Japanese kimono, ponchos and powwow dresses. If none of that jumps out to you as wrong, maybe these words from Shannon Speed, the director of Ameri can Indian Studies at UCLA, will change your mind: “If there were any consciousness in this country of the huge problem of violence against Native women and the thousands of missing and murdered Indige nous women in this country, they’d have to stop and think about what putting on a sexy Indian costume might mean.” Speed is clearly referring to a more extreme case here, but it does beg the question: could the women wearing these costumes actually handle the struggles that come with being a Native American woman?

As more and more people start to fully under stand cultural appropriation in all its complexities, its definition expands and changes. Most recently, there has been a push for other potentially insen sitive costumes to be avoided on Halloween, such

as a prison inmate or psychiatric patient. While this might err too far on the side of cautionary to some, the idea has pure intentions behind it. Both prison inmates and psychiatric patients are strug gling groups, and when people dress up as either, it is usually to mock them. Those who call for an end to costumes like this simply want to see an end to making marginalized groups the butt of the joke. Comedy should be about punching up, not punching down.

For many, Halloween can be a fun way to end a long month by letting loose and not being them selves for just one night. There’s nothing wrong with finding an escape in being someone else for a while. However, there is something wrong with mocking and dehumanizing an entire group of people in the process. When there are so many fun and creative costume ideas out there, especially if you make one yourself, why would you conscious ly choose something that belittles and hurts others? So, for this year’s Halloween, the only thing you re ally shouldn’t dress up as is someone else’s culture.

Comedy should be about punching up, not punching down. “
When there are so many fun and creative costume ideas out there, especially if you make one yourself, why would you consciously choose something that belittles and hurts others?


The long history of conflict behind this day.

In fourteen hundred ninety-two Columbus sailed the ocean blue. He had three ships and left from Spain; He sailed through sunshine, wind and rain. (Marzollo)

Many (if not all) of us born in the United States of America recognize at least the first two lines of this popular poem. Italian explorer Christopher Columbus is frequently falsely credited with the discovery of the Americas. He is often depicted as a brave explorer who opened the door to new land and new trade for the Spanish empire. This is the image of Columbus that the majority of the country still holds. However, controversy has arisen in recent years over Columbus and his claim to fame within the history of the Americas and of the U.S. What are the reasons for celebrating a man who never even set foot on the Americas’ mainland?

Before addressing the false representation of Columbus, it is important to recognize the history behind Columbus Day itself. Columbus Day is a federally recognized holiday in the United States that is celebrated on the second Monday of October. Ironically, the history behind this holiday actually holds its own traces of persecution and mistreatment.

Columbus Day began to be celebrated in the 19th century. Originally, it was a means of celebrating Italian heritage at a time when Italian immigrants were being persecuted and treated poorly. According to Erin Blakemore from National Geographic, during the celebration of the 400th anniversary of Columbus’s voyage, 11 Italian immigrants were lynched in New Orleans. This is just one example of the treatment that this immigrant population endured during the 19th and 20th centuries and even through today. This being said, the celebration and observation of Columbus Day, at least of its roots, is a means of a group of people celebrating their history. Many Italians use this holiday to celebrate their heritage, not Christopher Columbus himself.



Despite this history, Columbus Day is a federally recognized holiday which celebrates a man who committed horrendous acts toward the Indigenous and Native populations of the places he “discovered.” The term “Indian” was first placed on the Indigenous people he encountered and later used to describe all Native peoples of the Americas. This term came about because Columbus believed that he had landed in India, rather than the Caribbean. Not only did he mislabel the first people he encountered, but he treated them terribly. National Geographic also points out the reports of Columbus and his men raping, murdering and brutalizing native women and children. Spanish historians report that, while he was governor of the Indies, Columbus paraded dead Tainos (referred to by Columbus as “Indians”) around the towns, in an effort to stop the ongoing rebellion by the people whose home he had invaded.

Columbus was actually removed from his positions of authority in the Indies, after settlers within his community lobbied against him to the Spanish court because of his brutality. Consuelo Varela, a Spanish historian, described Columbus’ style of governing as tyrannical. Because of his actions, he and his brothers were forced to return to Spain. Despite this, his actions impacted the treatment of Indigenous people under Spanish control and unlocked the pathways to the intercontinental trade route — which opened not only the trade of goods, but the trade of people that would last for centuries.

With the brutal history that surrounds Columbus, it is no surprise that as Native Americans gained visibility and more people started listening to their voices, the public began to question the celebration of this man. Indigenous people of the Americas see Columbus Day as an insult which glorifies the invasion, brutality and murder that occured throughout colonization. Because of this, they have worked to change the celebration into one recognizing their own history and people.

In the 1960s and 1970s, several Native American movements began to focus on Columbus’ history and the misrepresentation of him in our society. These movements grew throughout the decades until 1990, which marked the 100th anniversary of the Wounded Knee Massacre which included the killing of over 300 Lakota people by U.S. soldiers. Tim Giago, a Native American publisher, pushed for the governor of South Dakota to declare a year of reconciliation for Indigenous people. This was accepted and, in turn, Columbus Day was changed to a holiday referred to as Native American Day. South Dakota became the first state to replace Columbus Day in order to recognize the Native peoples in America.


This movement grew even more steadily from that moment on. Cities and states around the country began to recognize Indigenous Peoples’ Day or Native American Day in exchange for Columbus Day. OfficeHolidays.com lists Alaska, Iowa, Maine, Minnesota, New Mexico, Nevada, North Carolina, Oregon, South Dakota, Vermont and Wisconsin as states which recognized either Indigenous Peoples’ Day or Native American Day as a paid holiday. Several other states recognize it in some capacity as well. In 2021, for the first time, the President of the United States announced a national celebration of Indigenous Peoples’ Day. President Biden gave a proclamation on Oct. 8th, 2021:

This recognition meant a lot to the Native people who have been fighting to be heard about the twisted history of the Americas. But on the other hand of this debate, Italian Americans are pushing back on the widespread cancellation of a holiday that connects to their heritage. Some states are dealing with these concerns by celebrating other people of Italian heritage instead of Columbus. Colorado now celebrates Cabrini Day in celebration of Mother Cabrini, an Italian-American nun known for her kindness who provided humanitarian assistance to many Italian immigrants. Honoring this woman, instead of Columbus, is a way for Italian Americans to celebrate their heritage without celebrating a brutal tyrant. California too is addressing these concerns and now celebrates both Indigenous Peoples’ Day and Italian Heritage Day.

In today’s society, growing emphasis is being placed on the celebration of Indigenous Peoples’ Day. As a nation, an understanding of the true history of this country is slowly making its way into mainstream knowledge and through this “cultural revolution”, Columbus Day is losing its appeal for many. However, there are still many who argue that Columbus should be celebrated. It is important that the true history of Columbus is taught and addressed. This correction would end the false narrative of the heroic explorer who “discovered” America and in turn, show the true history of the tyrannical man who paved the way for the colonization of the peoples of the Americas. This debate is an ongoing issue that has no one true solution, but through empathy and understanding, we as a society might find a compromise to the concerns on both sides.


Fall Recipes

A collection of a few comforting and tasty recipes to try this fall season.

Fall is filled with beautiful outdoor scenery, ex citing activities and nostalgia. Arguably one of the most coveted parts of the season is the food that comes along with it. Here are a few recipes you can try this autumn to make you feel warm and cozy inside and get into the fall spirit.

Rosemary Olive Oil Pumpkin Bread


2 eggs

• 1 whole can pumpkin puree

• 1 ¾ cups olive oil

• 2 teaspoons vanilla

• 1 cup sugar

½ cup dark brown sugar

1 ½ cups flour

• 1 teaspoon baking soda

• ½ teaspoon baking powder

• 1 teaspoon salt

• 1 ½ teaspoons cinnamon

• ½ teaspoon ground ginger

¼ teaspoon nutmeg

1 tablespoon finely chopped fresh rosemary

• Topping: Raw sugar and pumpkin seeds


Combine wet ingredients (eggs, pumpkin, olive oil, vanilla, sugar and dark brown sugar) in a large bowl. In a separate bowl, combine the dry ingre dients (flour, baking soda, baking powder, salt, cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg and rosemary) and whisk them together. Next, add the wet ingredients to the dry ingredients and mix until moist and smooth. Pour ingredients into a loaf pan and top with raw sugar and pumpkin seeds. Bake at 350 degrees for 45 minutes to 1 hour.

Chewy Brown Sugar Maple Cookies


• 2 sticks room temperature salted butter

• 1 cup dark brown sugar

• ¼ cup maple syrup

¼ cup apple butter

1 egg 2 teaspoons vanilla extract

• 2 ⅓ cups flour

• 1 teaspoon baking soda

• ½ teaspoon cinnamon

• ½ teaspoon salt

1 cup semi-sweet chocolate chips

½ cup finely chopped pecans

• Maple glaze topping: 4 tablespoons melted salted butter, ⅓ cup maple syrup, ½ -¾ cup powdered sugar, and flakey seasalt


Add 1 ½ sticks of butter to a small saucepan and cook over medium heat until butter begins to brown (about 3-4 minutes). Transfer butter to a heatproof bowl and chill for 10-15 minutes in the freezer. Pre heat the oven to 350 degrees and prepare a baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Beat together the remaining ½ stick of butter, browned butter and brown sugar until combined. Add maple syrup, apple butter, egg and vanilla, and beat until creamy. Next, add in flour, baking soda, cinnamon and salt. Fold in chocolate chips and pecans.

Roll dough into tablespoon-sized balls and place on a baking sheet 3 inches apart. Bake for 8 minutes then remove the pan from the oven. Tap the baking sheet 1-2 times on the counter to flatten cookies then return the sheet to the oven to bake for 1-2 minutes. After removing cookies from the oven, tap the pan again on the counter 1-2 times and let cool.

To make the glaze, melt the butter and maple syr up together in a small saucepan over medium heat. Remove from heat and whisk in the powdered sugar and salt. Drizzle over cooled cookies.


Apple Cider Glazed Chicken


1 large sweet potato, peeled and cubed

2 sliced apples

• 2 tablespoons olive oil

1 tablespoon chopped fresh rosemary

Salt and freshly ground pepper

• 6 bone-in chicken thighs

⅔ cup apple cider

2 tablespoons honey

1 tablespoon grainy mustard

1 tablespoon butter

3 sprigs of rosemary

Preheat the oven to 425 degrees. Combine sweet potatoes, apples and chopped rosemary in a medium bowl. Season with salt and pepper, drizzle with one tablespoon of olive oil and toss until combined. In a large ovenproof skillet, heat the remaining olive oil over medium-high heat. Sear the chicken thighs (skin side down) until golden, then remove from the pan.

To make the glaze, add apple cider, honey and grainy mustard to the skillet and bring to a rapid simmer. Once the mixture is reduced, whisk in butter. Return the chicken to the pan, skin-side up, along with the sweet potato mixture and rosemary sprigs. Place into the oven and bake for 20 minutes until the chicken is cooked through and the sweet potatoes are tender.

Roasted Fall Soup (vegan and gluten free)


bell peppers

2 tomatoes

½ white onion

8 carrots

8 garlic cloves

1 teaspoon sea salt

teaspoon black pepper

teaspoon red pepper flakes

1 teaspoon cumin seeds

¼ cup olive oil

Bay leaves

2 cans coconut milk


Core and de-seed the bell peppers and tomatoes and cut in half. Chop the onion and carrots into small chunks. Toss the bell peppers, tomatoes, onions, carrots and garlic cloves into a baking dish along with the salt, pepper, red pepper flakes, cumin seeds, olive oil and bay leaves. Roast at 400 degrees for an hour covered with aluminum foil. Let cool and put into a blender with two cans of coconut milk and blend until smooth.

Homemade Pumpkin Cream Cold Foam (can be made vegan)

By @join_jules on TikTok


• 1 cup dairy or non-dairy milk

2 tablespoons pumpkin puree

1 tablespoon brown sugar

1 teaspoon vanilla extract

1 teaspoon pumpkin spice

• A pinch of salt


Combine ingredients and simmer on medium-low heat in a saucepan while whisking until sugar dissolves. Let cool and serve with coffee or a chai tea latte.


girLs RoCk!

Punching the glass ceiling one song at a time

Women have always been icons and innovators in every sphere of rock. As far back as the wide-ranging genre’s origins in blues and soul, Black women including Big Mama Thornton (who sang “Hound Dog” first) and the legendary Aretha Franklin pioneered rhythms, styles and ornamentations recognizable in the music of today. Later in the 20th century, figures like Patti Smith and Tina Turner left their mark on pop culture. Riot grrrl, the feminist punk rock movement fronted by bands including Bikini Kill and Team Dresch, followed in the 90s. Contemporary frontwomen like Laura Jane Grace of Against Me! and Lzzy Hale of Halestorm raise their voices in punk and metal, smashing the unfounded yet persistent perception that rock and its subgenres are a masculine scene. Women have fought to create their own spaces in rock, but do not always receive the same visibility and recognition as male performers. This list includes 10 femalefronted rock acts from all over the world for you to support today — only the beginning of the hundreds you can discover.

Amelia Arsenic

Amelia Tan, better known as Amelia Arsenic, effortlessly fuses elements of electronica, hyperpop, and hip-hop with grungy punk and industrial metal. As her stage name suggests, she’s always had a flair for the macabre. Before focusing on her solo work, Tan was an integral part of Australian cybergoth group Angelspit from 2003 to 2013. Under the moniker DestroyX, she and frontman Zoog Von Rock would often release songs with themes of horror, medical procedures and capitalism. Amelia Arsenic entered a new chapter in her career in 2014 when she parted ways with Angelspit and released her first EP, “Carbon Black,” featuring a poisonously delicious title track with dark lyrics and a strong bass. Tan returned to her Angelspit roots on 2018’s “Queen of Risk,” an album which sees lyrics about real life set over a backdrop of blistering guitars and synths (“Live Slow Die Old”). Two years later, after a health scare, Tan released her latest effort to date, “Deathless,” in which she proved to the world that even during tough times, both her love for art and fighting spirit will prevail. Amelia Arsenic has come back even stronger and, with her one-of-a-kind charms, it certainly looks like she’s here to stay.


They may look submissive, but don’t judge a book by its cover — Band-Maid know how to make some noise. Despite wearing French maid outfits, the five-member Japanese group have far more in common sonically with Metallica than with classical music. What was the inspiration behind this unique combination of concepts, you may ask? Just ask the group’s founder, main guitarist and second vocalist,

Kobato Miku. After several stints waitressing at maid cafes around Tokyo, Kobato wanted to pursue a career in the music industry. So, she did something that had never been done before — she combined the elegance and softness of maid fashion with her favorite genre of music, hard rock. BandMaid’s inventive style isn’t their only calling card. Thanks to brazen riffs and Atsumi Saiki’s fiery belt on tracks such as “Warning!” and “Thrill,” their music packs a fierce punch. With the release of their new EP “Unleash” on Sept. 21 and a tour of the U.S. forthcoming, Band-Maid will continue shattering stereotypes, not just of Asian women, but of women all around the world.


If there’s one thing about Diamante Azzura Bovelli that sets her apart (other than her fabulous name and her fiery hairstyles, of course), it’s her passion for power. Ever since her debut at the young age of 16, the Mexican Italian American artist has showcased her astonishing vocal range over impactful alternative and hard rock instrumentals. And, despite two record label changes, she’s successfully retained her signature sound over the years. Diamante’s unique style isn’t only confined to traditional rock, however. She’s excellent at blending sweeping orchestral ballads (“Unlovable”) and even country (“Coming In Hot”) with girl-power lyrics. The singer proudly embraces her Mexican heritage as well, with amazing Spanish versions of her music (“Lo Siento”). Just like her name, Diamante will continue to shine in the industry as a new icon of rock.


Ever the trailblazers, Korean-Chinese septet Dreamcatcher have always done things their own way. Since their 2017 debut, the group have combined the standard elements of K-pop — bright colors and synchronized choreographies — with bold rock riffs and dark and mysterious lyrics. While other acts in the scene sing of love and relationships, Dreamcatcher explore themes of nightmares, reality and climate change. They even had the opportunity to attend Spain’s prestigious Primavera Sound Festival this year, performing a 1-hour setlist. Rock isn’t all Dreamcatcher does, however. Dubstep, R&B and jazz influences all make great add-ins to their well-rounded discography. While waiting for more news regarding their recently announced October comeback, take a listen to fan favorites “Deja Vu,” “Good Night” and “Piri” and take a step into the darkness.



Canadian metal band Kittie formed in 1996 when Fallon Bowman, sisters Mercedes and Morgan Lander, and Tanya Candler were twelve to fourteen years old. Through six albums from their 2001 debut “Spit” to 2011’s “I’ve Failed You,” Kittie have been recognized for their unique voice in heavy metal and its subgenres nu metal and death metal, including historical recognition on the Nu Metal branch of Sam Dunn’s Heavy Metal Family Tree. Their songs combine gravelly vocals, harsh screams and wailing melodies (“What I Always Wanted”), with lyrics raging against abuse and injustice (“Choke”). Kittie’s lineup has changed several times since their debut, and former members of the majority-female group include Talena Atfield, Jennifer Arroyo and the late Trish Doan. After 31-year-old Doan passed away in 2017, her bandmates expressed their grief and reluctance to continue Kittie without her. While many members have moved on to other projects, listeners can continue to enjoy their massive historymaking discography, honoring Doan’s memory and her contributions to metal. Kittie will reunite at the end of Oct. 2022 for three performances in Las Vegas at the When We Were Young music festival.

Meet Me @ The Altar

While fans compare their sound to the classic guitar-led pop punk of the late 90s and early 00s, Meet Me @ The Altar are a trio that could only come together in today’s social media age. Guitarist Téa Campbell and drummer Ada Juarez met as teenagers through YouTube in 2015, then connected with singer Edith Victoria online, touring for the first time in 2018. Their bright visuals, optimistic lyrics and energetic melodies have attracted audiences of all ages, especially young women of color and queer people who haven’t often seen themselves in pop punk lineups. Songs such as “Hit Like A Girl,” “Garden” and “Brighter Days (Are Before Us)” elevate the importance of community, love between friends and hope for the future. They released their EP “Model Citizen” in 2021 on Fueled by Ramen (home to acts like Twenty One Pilots and Paramore), followed by an all-acoustic version of “Model Citizen” in 2022. Meet Me @ the Altar tour the U.S. through October, ending with a performance at When We Were Young.

Nova Twins

Comprising the talents of guitarist and vocalist Amy Love and bassist Georgia South, U.K. duo Nova Twins combine grunge-influenced punk with a nononsense attitude. Childhood friends Love and South first joined forces in 2014 as BRAATS, and then began recording as the Nova Twins in 2015. Their first full album “Who Are The Girls?” was released in 2020. Nova Twins’ style incorporates intense hooks and menacing riffs (“Antagonist,” “K.M.B.”), with a distinct, wailing guitar sound enhanced by the duo’s

unique pedalboards. Their lyrics draw in part on pride in their heritage and social justice action in the Black Lives Matter movement — Love is of Iranian and Jamaican descent while South is JamaicanAustralian. “Cleopatra” from their second album “Supernova” asserts their confidence and feeling of community as Black women. Released in 2022, “Supernova” has been nominated for the U.K.’s Mercury Awards, making Nova Twins the first Black women nominated in the awards’ Rock and Alt Music category. As part of a large-scale international tour to promote the new album, Nova Twins will perform across the U.S. and Canada through October.


Lifelong guitarist and singer-songwriter Elise Okusami brings striking riffs and thoughtful lyrical imagery to her musical project Oceanator. She draws on her experience as a multi-instrumentalist, along with the grunge, punk and pop punk styles of the 90s. In an interview with Guitar.com, she cites musicians like Elliott Smith and Green Day’s Billie Joe Armstrong as early influences. Oceanator’s first full album, “Things I Never Said” (2020), features moody guitar (“The Sky Is Falling”) and artful, winding outros (“Sunshine”). In 2021, she contributed to “Black Lives Matter: A Punk Compilation” with “I Will Find You,” a track with a wistful melody and lyrics that speak to unconditional love and solidarity. She has also collaborated with ska musician JER for two bold singles, “Too Late” (2021) and “Decolonize Yr Mind” (2022). This year, Oceanator released her second album, “Nothing’s Ever Fine,” which combines introspective lyrics with swaggering rock guitar. Smooth track transitions make the new album ideal for enjoying front to back, but songs like “Beach Days (Alive Again)” and “Stuck” are staples for any rock playlist.

Women have fought to create their own spaces in rock, but do not always receive the same visibility and recognition as male performers
“ "


Despite only having debuted in Jan. 2021, American band Plush are already making a name for themselves in the rock industry. After all, they’re fronted by the formidable Moriah Formica, who, despite being in her early 20s, possesses the powerful and rich soprano voice of someone ten years her senior. Not to mention, guitarist Bella Perron is a student at Berklee College of Music and bassist Ashley Suppa has earned praise from KISS’s Ace Frehley (yes, that KISS). If there’s one thing about Plush that sets them apart, it’s their electrifying fusion of bombastic instrumentals with girl-power lyrics. From rallying battle cries (“Champion”) to angsty breakup anthems (“Better Off Alone”) to power ballads (“Don’t Say That”), there truly is something for everyone on their self-titled debut album. Despite the departure of drummer Brooke Colucci in mid-August, there’s hope on the horizon: just like their music, Plush are resilient and they will hit the road with a support drummer on their U.S. tour.


Connie Sgarbossa, her brother Ethan Sgarbossa and their friend Taylor Allen founded SeeYouSpaceCowboy… in 2016. The hardcore punk band, named in reference to 90s anime series “Cowboy Bebop,” have shifted their lineup several times since. But, in every variation, they remain committed to their politics of anti-racism, anti-capitalism and queer liberation. SeeYouSpaceCowboy… define their own style, self-describing as sasscore while rejecting genre assumptions — as heard in an early track, “Stop Calling Us Screamo.” In their latest album, 2021’s “The Romance of Affliction,” frontwoman Sgarbossa belts, whispers and screams through songs reflecting her personal experiences with depression and addiction. Tracks like “The End to a Brief Moment of Lasting Intimacy” and “Intersecting Storylines to the Same Tragedy” juxtapose tender, vulnerable lyrics with their metalcore sound. SeeYouSpaceCowboy… just wrapped up a U.S. tour, which included a July performance at Lakewood’s The Foundry Concert Club, and will tour Europe in 2023.




His Name was Jayland Walker

In the aftermath of another police killing, a grieving community seeks justice

Young Black man. Traffic stop. Death by police. This was the familiar story that the country woke up to on the morning of Monday, June 27. This time, the city was Akron, Ohio. This time, his name was Jayland Walker. This time, over 90 bullets were fired, half of which found their target.

The wake of Walker’s killing saw the coming together of various grassroots organizations in Akron. They quickly set up protests and drafted a list of demands for the city. The demands include: a call for the establishment of an independent commission to investigate the killing of Walker and others by the Akron Police Department, the abolition of traffic stops, and more. They also demand the release of the names of the officers who shot Walker, as well as their immediate firing and prosecution. In addition, the demands address the aggressive police response to the largely peaceful protests that followed the killing.

“Everywhere there’s a protest where there’s police presence, the police show up more like they are occupying a warzone,” explained Ben Gifford, a member of the Akron chapter of the Democratic Socialists of America. “They are quick to escalate to violence … They’re heavily armed. They’re heavily armored. They deploy tear gas, which is a chemical weapon.”

On July 4, community members marched with copies of the new demands to the mayor’s house. According to Gifford, the plan was to either hand their demands to the mayor or leave them on his lawn if he would not come to the door. At the house, the marchers were met with 20 to 30 heavily armed police officers along with two armored vehicles. “It was clearly a

sign to intimidate,” said Gifford. “A completely inappropriate response to a community that is grieving and is sick of being brutalized and killed.”

“They’re definitely keeping a stronghold on information,” said Howl Loudley from the grassroots activist organization Serve the People Akron, referring to the lack of transparency coming from the Akron Police Department. “Our organization and others have put in information requests to the department and have been given dismissals on small details.” A recent editorial from the Akron Beacon Journal contained similar complaints. The editorial board stated that the Akron Police Department spent weeks fighting the Journal’s requests for body camera footage showing the arrests of protestors on July 6. The department argued that the footage was confidential due to ongoing investigations, despite the fact that they had previously released body camera footage of incidents which were under investigation.

Gifford sees hope in the way the communities have responded to the protests. “When we march through communities … you hear a lot of support,” he said. “When we marched to the mayor’s house, we picked up a ton of people along the way, in cars, or walking down the street with their own signs, or even just people standing out on their sidewalks … showing signs of support, cheering us on, clapping, and things like that.”

WRITTEN BY Ryan Roliff EDITED BY Emma Smallwood DESIGNED BY Prathinav Dutta

A completely inappropriate response to a community that is grieving and is sick of being brutalized and killed
“ ”


A guide to Cleveland State for the new and gullible

Of all the difficulties of America’s imperial past, the easiest for me to forgive is the frequent use of the compass. From Lewis and Clark to Abbott and Costello, every explorer carried this ingenious marvel. For them, life began when the compass directed them to adventure and ended when its needle punctured their skin and caused gangrene. I do not wish to follow the footsteps of these men, rather their compass. I gaze into the same pool as Narcissus. I do not see a reflection of myself, I see a compass. I want what the compass has: a group of people listening to everything I have to say and my only weakness being a particularly strong magnet. Due to corrective metal plates in my skull, only one of my goals remains accomplished.

I attempted to emulate the success of the compass. An ersatz emulation, but a wholehearted effort nonetheless. At any given second, I consciously pointed some part of my body north. This made various functions awkward, namely funerals and national anthems, but no human or nation has captured my imagination quite like the compass (Sorry Great Aunt Martha!). After being asked to leave four high school football games and two state funerals, I began a new tactic: a directional phone service. Any time, any day, anybody could call my hotline and I would tell them where north is. It was a little tricky at

first considering I was just guessing, but it paid the bills. It wasn’t until my number got confused with a public access show in Kalamazoo that I had to put an end to the service. The times had changed and my orientation days were over.

I have unfortunately forgotten that modern conveniences have made Han Dynasty conveniences slightly less convenient. The people no longer need to be oriented directionally, but oriented orientationally. These days, the government does not pay people to colonize the west, rather, they pay people to go to college. My role as a human compass is not needed in pointing people north but pointing people in the right metaphoric paths at college. By Cleveland State standards, I am a long time Cleveland State student and have seen the campus make tremendous changes. It is my duty to point my fellow students in the righteous path as I see it. Thus, I present my Ten Commandments for going to Cleveland State.

read the list?

not giving it out for free! Check out my video at www.thevindi.com

get the list and get oriented!

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Can’t

Women Score Major Changes

Women’s soccer kicked in the right direction thanks to activists

and LinkedIn.


the summer, women’s soccer has seen major changes on personal, city-wide, national and international levels. Each success brought attention to the ongoing fight for women’s rights and the unequal treatment of female athletes.

Former player, World Cup Winner and two-time Olympic gold medalist Abby Wambach went viral twice this past summer, each time highlighting social issues and advocating for women on the playing field. The speech Wambach gave at Loyola Marymount University’s commencement ceremony was shared thousands of times on Youtube, Facebook, Instagram

In the speech, Wambach addressed political events like the overturning of Roe V. Wade (which happened just days prior to the speech), the imbalance of representation between men and women, and the need for diversity on all fronts. Wambach emphasized the need for the graduates to flip tables and shake up the social norm, just as she has done.

Wambach next went viral on TikTok, with 924,900 views and 107,200 likes. The clips in the TikTok were from ESPN’s new series “Title IX: 37 Words That Changed America.” In the show, Wambach and other athletes talked about the impact of Title IX, the civil rights law that legistlatively prohibits discrimination in schools based on sex, and how that law relates to their careers in professional athletics.

2 Aaron Draplin

Within the video, she spoke to when Peyton Manning, Kobe Bryant, and herself were recipients of the 2016 ESPY Icon Award. “We just got the same damn award. Same sweat, the same sacrifice. Yet the three of us were walking into three very different retirements.” Wambach’s recent personal accomplishments and recognition furthered the movement for equality in soccer this summer as she continued to be an advocate for women’s rights.

Wambach also made a huge impact on Los Angeles’ new soccer team, Angel City Football Club. Angel City is the first majoritywomen-owned soccer franchise. Wambach and movie star Natalie Portman initiated the movement to found the team

several years after Wambach’s retirement. Since then, they have added over 100 sponsors including notable names such as singer Christina Aguilera, Olympian skier Lindsey Vonn and tennis icons Billie Jean King and Serena Williams.

The club is unique for its ownership, philanthropy, diversity and purpose. The team was built for women by women. According to Angel City’s listed mission statement, the team was created in order to send a “strong message to young girls in the community and beyond.” Angel City’s first match was played this spring on April 29, 2022.

In another historic first, the pay gap between men and women’s soccer was closed this summer when women achieved identical economic conditions. This was achieved through numerous organizations and players’ efforts. The effort dates as far back as Mia Hamm, one of the most acclaimed soccer players of all time, who played from 1987 to 2004. She did not receive pay equal to her male contemporaries. In 1996, players for the U.S. National Men’s team earned a bonus for every game won in the Olympics that year — Hamm and the women’s team would only receive a bonus if they won the gold medal.

The fight for equal pay has intensified in recent years, especially after the U.S. Women’s National Team (USWNT) won the 2015 FIFA World Cup. This was the team’s third World Cup victory. The U.S. Men’s team still has yet to win a FIFA World Cup title.

Advocates and USWNT team members such as Megan Rapinoe have been vocal on the necessity for equal pay. “The United States Women’s National Team has won four World Cup championships and four Olympic gold medals on behalf of our country. We have filled stadiums, broken viewing records, and sold out jerseys, all popular metrics by which we are judged,” Rapinoe said while testifying before Congress in 2021. “Yet despite all of this, we are still paid less than men — for each trophy, of which there are many, each win, each tie, each time we play.”

The efforts of these female athletes came to fruition in late May and into early summer when the court ruled for equal pay. In a landmark settlement, both the U.S. men’s and women’s teams will finally receive equal pay while competing internationally. The U.S. Women’s Player’s Association hopes that this advancement will create a “global standard.”

Another remarkable soccer success story of the summer was the UEFA Women’s European Championship. The England vs. Germany match sold out Wembley stadium — the largest sports arena in the United Kingdom, and the second largest in the whole of Europe. Commentators remarked that only eight people didn’t show with their tickets on game day, and that those eight ticket-holders missed the match of a lifetime. England’s win in the Euro marks the highest ever attendance for a Euro Championship game.

“ Yet
despite all this, we are still paid less than men-
” PhotocourtesyofDouglasDefelice OCTOBER 2022 THEVINDI.COM | 31


How can students find jobs on campus?

In 2001, Hyacinthe Raven began her career in the office of Career Development and Ex ploration at Cleveland State University as a student employee. Twenty-one years later, with a master’s in philosophy from CSU, Raven fulfills the role of stu dent employment program manager in the same office where she got her start.

“It’s so exciting every school year to get a fresh batch of people excited to take that next step into their life,” Raven said. “It’s so empowering and really positive to see students transform.”

The Vindicator met with CSU alums Gabi Pride more and Katie Shusta to discuss their first-person experiences as student employees. We also spoke with Hyacinthe Raven for a behind-the-scenes look into Career Development and Exploration and the student employment hiring process.

Pridemore’s experience as a student employee had a profound impact on her life, changing the trajectory of her collegiate journey. She began as an America Reads Tutor at the Cleveland Public Library through the office of Civic Engagement, eventually progressing to a student assistant position which earned her a raise.

“I learned so many personal skills, budget skills, I worked with Excel, I sent a lot of professional emails, connected with a lot of nonprofits and built professional relationships around Cleveland State,” Pridemore said.

As Pridemore pursues a master’s in clinical mental health counseling through CSU, she continues working in the office of Civ ic Engagement as a graduate assis tant. But as an undergrad majoring in psychology, she was not sure of her next step. “I figured I’d land some where,” she said. She received an ex tra helping hand from Director of Civ ic Engagement Anita Ruf-Young, who showed her the reality of what her degree could do for her and pushed Pridemore to continue her education.

“She really changed the trajectory of my education career path,” Pridemore said of RufYoung. “She inspired me and really made me consider. I blossomed personally and professionally as a student.”

Shusta, who earned her bachelor’s of art in de sign from CSU, began her student employee journey after being laid off from her serving job during the pandemic. She desired a position more in line with her major and obtained a job through the office of Career Development and Exploration as a graphic design intern and peer advisor.

“Working on campus made it much easier for me to balance work and school,” Shusta said. “My em ployer understood that I was a student first, and if I ever needed more time to study or finish a school project, I was able to have the flexibility of tak ing time off for school. Working for Career Development taught me what it means to be professional.”

Through her position, Shusta gained many friends and mentors whom she says were a “big help” in the process of landing her full-time job as a designer for The Adcom Group. She also learned to look at job applications with attention to detail, providing all the requested information and tailoring resumes to the specific position.

“On-campus jobs are often posted on Hand shake but they are very competitive!” Shusta said. “Talk to your professors, department heads and the Career Development team to find a position that’s right for you, and to help prepare you for the application process.”

Students interested in working on campus must be registered for at least six credit hours and be in good academic standing. Jobs are posted year round, but the best times to apply are at the beginning and end of each semester.

“The main thing I want people to know is to go to the website,” Raven said. “There you can find stepby-step information on how to find a job.”

To learn more about on-campus


Hyacinthe Raven Gabi Pridemore Katie Shusta
visit www.clestatecareers.com/studentemployment.

How to become a student employee:

1. Visit www.clestatecareers.com/ studentemployment and read the Student Employment Handbook for rules and instructions.

2. Perfect your resume and cover letter.

a. “A cover letter is your sales pitch and your resume is your data,” Raven said. “Your resume is going to back up what you say in your cover letter. Your cover letter is the way of telling an employer ‘I saw this particular job posting and these are the things that stood out to me’ and relate those things to your personal experience.”

b. Raven suggests visiting the Writing Center and Career Center to get feedback on your resume and cover letter.

3. Have a letter of recommendation handy.

a. Some jobs will ask for a letter of recommendation, so it is good to have one just in case. This can be from a previous professor, mentor or employer.

4. Create a Handshake account and begin applying.

a. Raven posts job offers in the evening, making it the optimal time to look. Remember to apply only to jobs you’re qualified for and pay attention to details in postings, crafting your application accordingly.

5. Speak with professors, department heads and Career Development team.

a. Jobs on Handshake can be competitive. Department members may have the inside scoop on what positions are available in your area of interest.


Pros of student employment:

1. Logistics

“One of the most obvious things is that you can do it in between classes,” Raven said. Students can save time by cutting out the commute between class and work.

2. Understanding

Students are limited to 20 hours per week and supervisors understand that school comes first, allowing for flexibility.

3. Connections

“Working on campus gives you the ability to learn more about the amazing resources on campus,” Raven said, having experienced that during her time as a student employee and first generation college student. Students also have the chance to network with professors, supervisors and students in other majors.

4. Graduation Retention Rate

“Having a job on campus helps keep you at the university, finishing your degree, because it gives you another reason to be on campus,” Raven said.

5. Money

Students are compensated for their work. The lowest you can be paid is minimum wage ($9.30 per hour), but according to Raven, the average pay is $11 per hour. Wages depend on the department a student is employed in, the market around campus and the skill set required for the position.

Cons of student employment:

1. Competitive

“There are always way more students who want a job on campus than there are jobs,” Raven said. She suggests students utilize cam pus resources and perfect their application for an “edge.”

2. Limited hours

“It was a great balance with classes, however, with it being my only source of income at the time, I do wish I could have worked more than 20 hours as a student employee if my schedule allowed,” Shusta said.

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