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A new clause will protect the contracts in the event of a sale of Temple University Hospital.

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WHAT’S INSIDE FEATURES, PAGE 12 A student and alumnus’ pop-funk band released their first EP. INTERSECTION, PAGE 17 Males student describe how they defy gender norms. VOL 98 // ISSUE 8 OCT. 15, 2019 @thetemplenews




A watchdog for the Temple University community since 1921. Kelly Brennan Editor in Chief Pavlína Černá Managing Editor Francesca Furey Chief Copy Editor Colin Evans News Editor Hal Conte Assistant News Editor Gabrielle Houck Assistant News Editor Tyler Perez Opinion Editor Madison Karas Features Editor Bibiana Correa Assistant Features Editor Ayooluwa Ariyo Assistant Features Editor Jay Neemeyer Sports Editor Dante Collinelli Assistant Sports Editor Alex McGinley Assistant Sports Editor Alesia Bani Intersection Co-Editor Gionna Kinchen Intersection Co-Editor Michael Moscarelli Dir. of Engagement Alexis Ensley Gregg Asst. Dir. of Engagement MacKenzie Sendro Web Editor Colleen Claggett Photography Editor Jeremy Elvas Asst. Photography Editor Madison Seitchik Co-Multimedia Editor Jared Giovan Co-Multimedia Editor Ingrid Slater Design Editor Nicole Hwang Designer Phuong Tran Advertising Manager Kelsey McGill Advertising Manager Lubin Park Business Manager


Accuracy is our business, so when a mistake is made, we’ll correct it as soon as possible. Anyone with inquiries about content in this newspaper can contact Editor in Chief Kelly Brennan at editor@ or 215-204-6736. The following corrections are for the Oct. 8, 2019 issue.

The article, “Some share fake news for chaos, study says” on Page 2, misstated that Americans’ trust in media fell from 53 percent to three percent from 1997 to 2017. It fell to 32 percent. The cutline published with “Public housing revamp near campus progresses” on Page 3 incorrectly credited the photographer. The photographer is Colleen Claggett. On Page 8, “LGBTQ” was misspelled in “Queer film and a community that empowered me.” The cutline with “Temple, Aramark: Offer affordable food options” on Page 9 News Desk 215.204.7419

The Temple News is an editorially independent weekly publication serving the Temple University community. Unsigned editorial content represents the opinion of The Temple News. Adjacent commentary is reflective of their authors, not The Temple News. Visit us online at Send submissions to The Temple News is located at: Student Center, Room 243 1755 N. 13th St. Philadelphia, PA 19122


misstated the location where the photograph was taken. The correct location is Twisted Taco in the Student Center. The photo credit on Page 12 with the story, “Business changes narrative on fitness, nutrition” was misspelled. The correct spelling is Erik Coombs. The photo credit on Page 13 with the story, “Student mentors help navigate ‘no man’s land’” was misspelled. It is spelled Colleen Claggett. The 5 Down term for the “National Coming Out Day” crossword on Page 14 was incorrectly listed. The correct term is “Confident expression of one’s sexuality.” The article, “Owls implement new scheme, yet didn’t see results” on Page 21, misspelled the women’s soccer coach’s first name. It is spelled Seamus O’Connor.


City Council debt relief bill stalls City residents who graduat- was expensive and restrictive, Oh ed up to five years prior and said. The city would love $52 milhave $35,000 in debt would lion in tax revenue, he added. “They’re saying two opposite receive the credit. BY COLIN EVANS News Editor David Oh, Philadelphia City Councilman At-Large, is considering revising a bill that would provide tax relief to college graduates with $35,000 or more in debt after it failed to pass through the finance committee on Oct. 8. The bill, proposed by Oh, would allow Philadelphia residents to write off $1,500 from their taxes each year within five years of graduation from a post-secondary institution. Outgoing Councilwoman Jannie Blackwell, who represents the third district, and councilwoman Cindy Bass, who represents the eighth district, voted for the bill, he said. Oh, a Republican and minority whip, said one of the purposes of the bill is to attract college graduates and businesses to the city. “We can’t get investment and employers to come and stay in our city because of our workforce profile,” Oh said. “It’s not about people with master’s degrees. ...It’s about people at the entry-level, mid-level areas, the workforce itself.” Just 11.2 percent of Philadelphia residents over 25 have a graduate or professional degree, according to a 2017 United States Census Bureau report, while 38 percent have either some college, an associate’s degree or a bachelor’s degree. Councilmembers said the bill

things,” Oh said. Several councilmembers who voted against the bill, along with Council President Darrell Clarke, whose district encompasses Main Campus, could not be reached for comment. Douglass Webber, an economics professor who testified at an Oct. 8 hearing, said he opposes the bill because it benefits higher-earning workers. A resident would have to make at least $38,000 a year to benefit from the credit, Webber said. Additionally, people who have a lot of student debt often have greater means to pay it off. “The people who struggle the most are actually people with less than $10,000 in debt because they are disproportionately people who could not get a degree,” Webber said. “And so they don’t have good prospects in the labor market.” The rate of student loan default for borrowers with less than $5,000 a debt is more than twice as high as the rates for people with more than $35,000 in debt, according to Urban Institute, a public policy think tank. Webber suggested creating income brackets to determine eligibility, lowering the threshold. “There are a number of former students who are struggling to a very significant degree,” he said. “It’s worth it if we are helping them.” @colinpaulevans



Temple to study water contamination in suburbs



The United States Environmental The research will examine the Protection Agency reported that there possible link between chemicals is evidence to PFAS exposure has negaat military bases and cancer.

BY AVIANA SMALL For The Temple News Temple University is set to receive a $1.28-million grant to research the potential connection between cancer and contaminated drinking water near military bases in the Philadelphia suburbs. The grant is part of a national study with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which identified seven institutions across the nation to conduct the research, including the University of Colorado and Rutgers University. The grant will fund research about Polyfluoroalkyl, a chemical compound found in firefighting foam that is used on military bases around the United States, according to the CDC. In Montgomery and Bucks counties, PFAS on former military bases seeped into the ground and contaminated nearby drinking water, according to a 2018 report from the Philadelphia Inquirer. The Inquirer identified Horsham Air Guard Station, formerly known as Naval Station Joint Reserve Base Willow Grove, and the former Naval Air Warfare Center in Warminster as bases with contaminated water. The study will examine families exposed to PFAS and any link to kidney and thyroid cancers through blood tests, said Resa Jones, Temple’s lead researcher for the study.


tive effects on human health, and some studies show it can affect reproduction and developmental, liver and kidney and immunological functions in lab animals. It also caused tumors in lab animals. At a Temple Ambler event to celebrate the grant on Oct. 8, U.S. Rep. Brendan Boyle, D-PA, said he hopes the health screenings of families will build an understanding of the health impacts of years of exposure to PFAS. “The CDC would not have awarded this funding to our community if they did not trust we were amply equipped to maximize these resources for the greater good,” Boyle said. “In the year 2019, in the United States of America, every American should be able to trust the drinking water coming out of their tap,” he added U.S. Rep. Madeleine Dean, D-PA, recited “the people have a right to clean air, pure water” from the state’s constitution at the event. Katrina Caddick, who lives in Horsham and works at the Montgomery County Planning Commission, lives a mile away from the Horsham Air Guard Station and has to buy drinking water for her family out of fear of contamination, she said. “The deed on my home now has a black mark to indicate that my house is on contaminated land,” Caddick said.

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Main Campus celebrates Indigenous Peoples Day Monday also marked the opening of a Lenape art exhibit at the Center for Humanities. BY JACK DANZ For The Temple News Ceremonial Chief Gentlemoon DeMund burned sage, sweetgrass, tobacco and cedar, wafting the smoke over performers to rid them of negativity before a traditional Lenape celebration. Then, the Itchy Dog Singers, led by DeMund, sang in Lenape and English as members of the Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania performed a traditional dance. The ceremony at the Bell Tower marked the LNPA’s celebration of Indigenous Peoples Day, a celebration of the original inhabitants of North America, on Monday. It coincided with the opening of a contemporary Lenape art exhibit at the Center for the Humanities at Temple in Gladfelter Hall. Adam DePaul, a member of the LNPA’s council and president of the Native American and Indigenous Studies at Temple, a student organization that raises awareness for the indigenous community, approached the Center for the Humanities about organizing Monday’s event, which was sponsored by the university’s anthropology and religion departments. “We thought, ‘Why not see if they want to focus this year’s art exhibit on something indigenous to celebrate Indigenous Peoples Day,” DePaul said. “[The center] just loved the idea, and they ran with it.” Dozens of students attended the celebration at the Bell Tower, several of whom members of the LNPA pulled into a snake dance. “It’s a really enriching experience, especially on days like Indigenous Peo-

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JEREMY ELVAS / THE TEMPLE NEWS Members of the Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania perform a traditional dance at an Indigenous Peoples Day celebration at the Bell Tower on Oct. 14.

ples Day. It’s a great opportunity to learn about Native American traditions,” said Michael Farrington, a Beasley School of Law student who attended the event. “We have a habit of pushing indigenous cultures under the rug,” said Lauren Nolan, a sophomore linguistics major. “In a place like Temple, we can embrace diversity and make others aware of it.” “There’s a consciousness [at Temple] now that wasn’t here 50 years ago,” DeMund said. “My father and my grandfather would never have been here because of the things they suffered through.” In 2018, Temple signed the Treaty of Renewed Friendship for the first time, which recognizes the Lenape Nation as the original inhabitants of Pennsylvania and spiritual keepers of the Delaware

River. The treaty signing represented the nation’s efforts to build connections with local universities and historical societies to preserve their culture. Through the exhibit, called “Everyday Artistry, Enduring Presence: the Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania,” Temple wants to move away from the classic depictions of Native Americans and show that the Lenape are “a living culture,” said Kim Williams, the center’s director. About 300 families make up the Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania, DeMund said. The Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania donated artifacts and photographs from its cultural center, and the University of Pennsylvania curated other items, Williams said. It will remain at Temple until

the end of the 2019-20 academic year. DePaul, who is also a teaching assistant in the English department’s Ph.D. program, co-curated the exhibit with Becky DePaul, his wife, whose photos are featured in the exhibit. “You’re not going to walk through these halls and look at artifacts, history, or a study of people that used to be. The focus of this exhibit is on the Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania today,” Adam DePaul said. “It’s not your typical art exhibit,” he added. “It’s not your typical history exhibit. It’s not your typical cultural exhibit. It brings all these things together.”




Nurses, hospital technicians ratify new contracts A new clause will protect the contracts in the event of a sale of Temple University Hospital. BY MILES WALL For The Temple News After nearly three months of negotiation, the unions representing Temple University Hospital nurses and technicians voted to ratify contracts with Temple Monday night, union leaders said. The unions, whose former contracts expired on Sept. 30, secured a successorship clause, which states that in the event of a sale of the hospital, the buyer must honor existing contracts. “The successorship was the heart and soul,” said Carlos Aviles, president of Temple Allied Professionals, the union representing technicians and other hospital professionals. The push for the clause comes after a shakeup in healthcare ownership throughout the city. Temple Health System announced in July it would sell Fox Chase Cancer Center and its stake in Health Partners Plan, a local nonprofit health insurance organization, to Thomas Jefferson University. Union leaders identified the September sale of the bankrupt St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children in North Philadelphia, where the local unions did not have a successorship clause and lost their existing contracts, as context for the union’s decision to prioritize securing a successorship clause. A spokesperson at TUH did not respond to multiple requests for comment. Out of nearly 900 members in both unions who voted, only 10 dissented, said Francine Frezghi, president of Temple University Hospital Nurses Association, which represents nurses at TUH. TUHNA and TAP are both local branches of the Pennsylvania Association of Staff Nurses and Allied Profes-


JEREMY ELVAS / THE TEMPLE NEWS Temple University Hospital nurses and technicians ratified their contracts with TUH on Oct. 14.

sionals, a statewide labor organization formed in 2000. The two unions’ contracts are separate from one another but contain similar language, Aviles said. Leadership of the unions refused to negotiate separately in a show of solidarity, he added. “It’s why we gained our successorship,” Aviles said. The contracts give TAP representation in an existing TUHNA committee that provides recommendations from workers to the administration about ways to protect their health and safety, Frezghi said. They also created a fund to pay wages to workers on leave for sickness or injury, and a committee to address concerns TAP has about un-

der-staffing. Contract negotiations began on July 25. Hundreds of TUH nurses and other union workers rallied outside TUH on Oct. 1, WHYY reported. Union leaders planned another picket in front of the hospital had no contract agreement been reached. Several employees will be moved into different “tiers,” resulting in higher salaries, Frezghi said. Dana Costanzo, a nurse in the cardiology department, said she wishes the union had negotiated lower patient-tostaff ratios in the contract. “I would like them to have put more emphasis on the staffing,” said Nichole Schmidt, who also works in cardiology.

Maryanne Holsworth, a nurse who works in the hospital’s emergency room and served on the unions’ joint bargaining committee, said the union secured a “really good” contract, adding that a lot of hard work went into negotiating it. “When it could have been done, when there was enough on the table, they were like, ‘No, that’s not enough,’” Holsworth said. “Everybody was spoken for, and that was very important,” she added.

Colin Evans contributed reporting.

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Office of Sustainability kicks off week-long events The events will relate to the university’s plan to reduce its carbon emissions by 2050. BY COLIN EVANS News Editor Though 3-D printing food is now possible, don’t expect to be able to buy a home food printer on Amazon any time soon, said Kyle Schwab, a first-year biomedical engineering graduate student. Schwab, who received the Office of Sustainability’s annual Graduate Research Award Sustainability Program award of $3,000 for his research in July, spoke about the benefits and feasibility of 3-D printing technology for food, which creates small pieces of edible food by “rehydrating” food powders, to about a dozen students and faculty in the College of Engineering on Monday. “I’m researching the current applications and what people are doing,” Schwab said. “I’m researching the needs that are present in the world, and how this type of technology could be pushed forward to meet those needs.” Schwab’s presentation, coupled with a tabling event outside the Student Center, kicked off The Office of Sustainability’s annual Campus Sustainability Week. The office will highlight Temple’s updated Climate Action Plan at a variety of events this week, organizers said. “This is kind of the first time we’ve been able to jump into programming, knowing that our leadership has signed off on this commitment,” said Caroline Burkholder, the office’s sustainability manager. “We’re just diving in and giving a crash course on all the goals.” The plan, released in April, coincides with Philadelphia’s goal to reduce carbon emissions by 80 percent by 2050. It recommends ways to improve energy efficiency in facilities and to teach the Temple community about sustainability

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goals. Campus Sustainability Week, dubbed “Act on Climate: The Road to 2050,” will feature a bike repair workshop, a documentary screening and panel on wild salmon extinction, and a tour of Temple Community Garden’s tiny house, which is the first building certified by the Living Building Challenge, an international green building certification program, in Philadelphia, among other events. Each event connects with a specific goal outlined in the action plan, Burkholder said, highlighting its academic, cultural and operational aspects. The Office of Sustainability is also launching Rad Dish 3.0, a peer discussion series on food and sustainability, she added. The first discussion is focused on low-carbon eating, and two others will be held this semester. Danielle Whitesel, a sophomore biology major, said she has attended sustainability week last year and was excited they were holding a presentation about technology and the food system on Monday. “It’s very important for us to be thinking of new ways, new like innovative ways, to supplement the food system because we have a population that is growing exponentially,” Whitesel said. Kasey Bethea, a senior civil engineering major, said he was not originally interested in attending Monday’s 3-D printing event but that he was impressed with Schwab’s research. “It is something that seems so complex, but he explained it in such a beautiful way,” Bethea said. “I feel like I could have brought my mom or my little cousin, and they could have easily understood it.” @colinpaulevans

A RUNDOWN OF THIS WEEK’S SUSTAINABILITY EVENTS TUESDAY: Urban Riding Basics at Repair Clinic and Bike Studio in the Student Center at 6 p.m. WEDNESDAY: Temple Thrift at the Bell Tower from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. “Artifishal” screening and panel at The Reel at 7 p.m. THURSDAY: Green Transportation Celebration from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Bell Tower Low Carbon Eating at Rad Dish Cafe in Ritter Hall at 4 p.m. FRIDAY: Green Grant Spotlight, Garden Tour and Tiny Open House; Regenerative Design 101 at Temple Community Garden at 3 p.m. ADVERTISEMENT


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Tax credit isn’t significant Philadelphia City Council is debating a bill proposed by Councilman At-Large David Oh that would give Philadelphia residents an annual $1,500 tax write-off within five years of graduation from a college or university. Participants would be required to have at least $35,000 in student loan debt to be eligible. The move would work to reduce the growing student debt crisis, which reached $1.5 trillion nationally as of this August, Time magazine reported. Its goal is to encourage more college graduates to move to Philadelphia to take advantage of the program because only Philadelphia residents are eligible for the tax credit, Oh said. The Editorial Board acknowledges the intentions of the bill and

commends City Council for considering this proposal, but we also recognize that student debt is a substantial issue requiring a solution bigger than a tax write-off. Only students with $35,000 of debt are eligible for the program, so an annual tax credit of $1,500 does little to affect that financial weight. The Editorial Board urges City Council to revise this proposal to lower the threshold for eligibility and provide more financial aid resources for currently enrolled students to prevent them from debt in the first place. The student debt crisis is an institutional issue that needs more comprehensive solutions than a small tax write off.


Honor indigenous culture Yesterday, many Americans were given the day off in honor of Christopher Columbus, an idolized Italian explorer who sailed from Spain to the Caribbean in the late 15th century and is often credited with “discovering” North America. In recent years, historians have realized that apart from having not been the first to set foot in “The Old World,” Columbus was no hero. Throughout his four voyages, Columbus routinely exploited and murdered natives of the islands he visited. Monday, many chose instead to celebrate Indigenous Peoples Day, a celebration of Native Amer-


ican people and their cultures and histories. The Editorial Board calls on students, faculty and the community to celebrate indigenous cultures this week, honoring the rich, diverse societies that existed here long before any Europeans arrived. One simple way is to visit the Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania’s contemporary art exhibit at the Center for Humanities in Gladfelter Hall, which will be on display until the end of the academic year. The exhibit will be on display until the end of the 2019-20 academic year.


Title VII includes LGBTQ More than half of all LGBTQ individuals The Supreme Court must acknowledge that Title VII of the Civil Rights live in states where they can be fired because of their identity, USA Today reported. That Act also protects LGBTQ people.


n June 2015, the United States Supreme Court released its landmark Obergefell v. Hodges decision, which gave same-sex couples the right to marry, a liberty granted only to BY TAMARA GAINES heterosexual couples for For The Temple centuries. For a brief moNews ment in time, it seemed like LGBTQ rights were finally being respected, and we were making genuine steps toward equality. But of course, that’s hardly the case. On Oct. 8, the U.S. Supreme Court began reviewing three separate cases to determine whether Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects LGBTQ individuals from discrimination on the basis of sex. Title VII was originally created to ban discrimination based on race, sex, religion and national origin, but a number of conservative politicians, including President Donald Trump’s administration, have argued that “sex” refers exclusively to biological sex and not gender identity or sexual orientation, the Chicago Tribune reported. “The law says there can’t be discrimination on the basis of sex,” said Leora Eisenstadt, an assistant professor of legal studies. “You can’t fire a man for dating, then you can’t fire a woman dating. So, if a woman can date a man and can’t be fired, then so could a man who dates another man.” The Supreme Court should recognize that Title VII must be amended to include protections against discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity because of the negative impact that the opposite decision could have on LGBTQ individuals. This lack of revision can lead to unemployment and a lack of income, especially in the 28 states that have no laws prohibiting employment discrimination against LGBTQ individuals, the Los Angeles Times reported.

number could grow based on this case. “It’s dangerous to put people in a place where they have to choose between living authentically and also having financial stability,” said Sophie Kirshner, a sophomore political science major and a member of the LGTBQ community. This loss of wages is coupled with everything from housing to healthcare when LGBTQ people on the basis of their identity, Vox reported. LGBTQ youth already have a 120 percent higher risk of becoming homeless than cisgender, heterosexual individuals, the Human Rights Campaign reported, and refusing to protect their rights could raise that disproportionate representation significantly. And this is all based on a clause written 50 years ago. Since sex, based on biological anatomy, differs from socially constructed gender, transgender individuals in the process of transitioning have been unfairly terminated by transphobic employers, like Aimee Stephens, who was fired for expressing her gender identity in the workplace in 2013, USA Today reported. “A lot of the conservative judges would have to engage in a lot of intellectual dishonesty to come out with an outcome against the LGBTQ community,” said Ali Szemanski, a legal fellow at the American Civil Liberties Union of Pennsylvania. We’ve come a long way when it comes to LGBTQ rights in this country, but there’s plenty more work to be done. The Supreme Court has the opportunity to correct this wrong by acknowledging how unfair the law’s current interpretation is. The rights of LGBTQ people does not end with being able to marry legally, it also includes the right to work without prosecution and threat of unemployment. They do not have to settle for the bare-minimum and lack of effort from employers, in order to survive anywhere in America.




Abandoning my inhibitions and becoming a poet During one nerve-wracking performance, a writer battled his anxiety to unveil his poetry. BY TYLER PEREZ Opinion Editor For a brief moment, silence filled every square inch of my high school’s colossal auditorium, my rapid-fire heartbeat the only sound I could manage to hear. As my trembling hand carried a microphone stand across the stage, my weightless body pushed past the scarlet red curtain, revealing thousands of ecstatic smiles in my direction. The audience’s applause broke the eerie silence as I stood at the edge of the stage, my anxiety telling me to run backstage because I didn’t deserve this moment. But as the blazing spotlight hit me and the music began, I had to tell my anxiety to stand down. I took one deep breath and spoke. That night, I stood in front of my classmates, friends and family and, for the first time ever, performed spoken-word poetry. The moment was, more than anything else, petrifying. By no stretch of the imagination would I have called myself a poet. I wrote my first poem only months before, and nearly every piece I wrote since then was kept private. In the week leading up to that night, I thought I wasn’t ready for everyone to hear what I’d written. My anxiety crept up again, telling me I wasn’t a great poet and nobody would bat an eye at my writing. And I believed it wholeheartedly. But nevertheless, I wrote poems whenever I could, and I had this drive to share them, with only my inhibition standing in the way. So when I saw a flyer for my high school’s annual male beauty pageant, complete with a talent portion, I saw it as a chance to finally unveil my poetry. I spent the following weeks writing,


editing and rewriting a poem about my time in high school and my goals going into college. It was a terrifying, nervous set of weeks in preparation for when I’d stand in front of my entire school, my body shaking, afraid of each smile in the audience to break into laughter. For a few moments on the stage, I was lost in the words I was speaking. It felt like I wasn’t reciting lines I had painstakingly memorized, but the words were coming from the deepest parts of my heart. And then, as effortlessly as the lines came to my mind on the stage, I forgot them just as quickly. In front of the virulent heat of the stage lights and the stampede of stares, I stumbled reciting one word and immediately lost my train of thought. For a few seconds, I stood there frozen, trying to piece together the words I spent weeks on, but nothing came to mind. I wondered if I overestimated my-

self, if my poetry wasn’t strong enough or if I wasn’t a good writer. But every inhibition I held evaporated when I heard one person shout my name, cheering me on. To this day, I can’t recall whose voice it was, but that one second of support was enough to uplift me. Soon enough, the words came back to my head, and I recited the rest of the poem verbatim — not missing a syllable. I came in third place, but rankings never mattered. What meant the most to me was hearing all of my friends, family and classmates tell me how much they loved my performance. Even in class the following Monday, my history professor, someone who inspired me to major in education, told me he had no idea I was such a talented poet. I wouldn’t say that my writing got better because of that night, but it gave me the confidence to start sharing my poetry with others. I submitted my poems

to literary magazines and scholarships. I even won the Johnson Senior Memorial Creative Writing Award for poems I’d written after that performance. I did slam poetry again later that year at a school competition, and the nerves that once incapacitated me had faded away. Even today, I’ve had two of my poems published in Temple’s Hyphen Literary and Art Magazine, and I’ve created an Instagram account exclusively to share the poems I’ve written. In that one night, I’d won control over my inhibition and anxiety, and my trophy was a moment of strength, a singular moment of feeling like I was more than just a petrified kid reading poetry to his entire high school. In that first breath I took and every breath I’d take in the three years since, I was a poet, nothing less. @tyler7perez





Trump: Immigrant DNA collection is unethical The U.S. Government plans to false accusation by Trump, claiming imcollect DNA of detained immi- migrants commit more crime and are a danger to the country. grants for an FBI database. Raymundo Varela-Urizar came to the United States with his mother as a two-year-old on a visitor visa, overstayed its validity, which labeled him an PAVLÍNA ČERNÁ undocumented imManaging Editor migrant. “The only way for me to get a green card to go from Mexico to the U.S. was if I had a relative that is a U.S. citizen,” said Varela-Urizar, a junior media studies and production major. “I had no choice but to cross the border and just stay. People ask me why don’t I just become a citizen and do it the proper way, but there is no proper way.” Varela-Urizar is currently protected under Deferred Action Childhood Arrivals, an immigration policy allowing undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children to receive a renewable two-year period of deferred action from deportation. Not every undocumented immigrant is that lucky though. Varela-Urizar’s uncle was deported to Mexico in January, under President Donald Trump’s toughening immigration policies. On Oct. 2, the immigrant community was attacked by Trump’s administration yet again — this time with a proposal to collect DNA of detained immigrants If enforced, this measure would feed the FBI database with thousands of records, mainly limited to DNA collected from people who have been arrested, charged or convicted of serious crimes up until now, the New York Times reported. It is yet another wrongful attack on the undocumented community and a


“To put someone who is just trying to provide for their family, someone who is trying to bring better opportunities to future generations in the same category as murderers, as thieves, is inhumane,” said Emily Gillam, a junior psychology and neuroscience major and president of the Asociación de Estudiantes Latinos at Temple, a Latino umbrella organization on campus. The act is based on an existing law called the DNA Fingerprint Act of 2005, amending the original DNA Identification Act of 1994 and repealing the prohibition of DNA collection from arrestees who have not been charged with a crime, as defined by the U.S. Congress records. Immigrants have been exempt from this act up until now, which is what Trump’s administration is trying to change, The New York Times reported. Out of the 10.5 million undocumented immigrants estimated by a Pew Research study in 2017, as many as 52,000 detained in jails across the country, “an apparent all-time record” under Trump’s administration, Buzzfeed News reported earlier this year, calling it a humanitarian crisis. It further reported that under former President Barack Obama’s administration the number was around 35,000. “Detention is a funky kind of a thing,” said Jonathan Grode, an instructor at the Beasley School of Law, and a U.S. practice director at the Green and Spiegel LLC, an immigration law firm. ”It does not necessarily mean that you committed a crime or violated a law, it is another example of the Trump administration trying to push the envelope too far.” The administration is doing everything in the name of security to curb people from immigrating to the U.S.,


Grode said. “It is scary and problematic,” Grode said. “This one is troubling from the civil liberties perspective because you should not have to sequester your DNA if you are being simply detained on something that is not criminally based.” Immigration actually helps reduce the average crime rate — or, in some cases, doesn’t have any relationship to it at all, with a consistent pattern between 1980 and 2016, when population and crime did not grow the same, according to a large-scale study published in Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice in 2015. Undocumented immigrants are less crime-prone than native-born because they are vulnerable to the possibility of deportation, the American Immigration Council reported. To put it simply, Trump is drawing an imaginary and fabricated correlation. Trump’s immigration policies are often senseless and harmful but the newest proposal is also unethical and

could have implications on immigrants’ relatives, whether immigrants or U.S. citizens because DNA allows drawing connections among individuals. It violates privacy and labels immigrants as criminals, although their only wrongdoing often is being undocumented. “The issue that nobody is really talking about is that we don’t have a mechanism for these people to come here legally in the first place,” Grode said. “We don’t have a dishwasher visa, we don’t have a meat-packer visa, so these people enter illegally.” “I think in 100 years, people will look back on the way we treated immigrants and it will be viewed as heinous as Japanese internment camps during World War II,” Grode said. “The best way we can change this is by getting up and voting and expressing our opinion.” @CernaPavlina




What it means to be Nigerian in four emotions A student reflects on how living in the United States affected their Nigerian identity. BY JEDIAEL PETERSON For The Temple News “Are you Yoruba or Igbo?” This is one of the many questions I’m always asked when I tell someone that I’m Nigerian — that is, after the initial shock of discovering that I’m not American wears off. Not wanting to seem hostile or rude, I usually follow up with an awkward laugh and say, “No, I’m actually Isoko, it’s in Delta State… in the South.” My answer is usually followed up with, “I didn’t even realize you were Nigerian.” To me, I’ve always been Nigerian. I’m not part of the main tribes, but I was still Nigerian. But since I started college, and got these questions more, I find myself asking, “Am I really Nigerian?” At home, I never doubted myself because I was mainly around my family. To my family, being Nigerian meant my mom would talk to me in her language and I would respond back in English. But in college, I had to create an identity of my own — one that always starts with “I’m Nigerian.” But the disbelief from others is something I’ve had to grapple with, especially as I’ve acquired American accent, started listening to American music and embraced American culture. These two identities never clashed until college, when I wasn’t around my family to assure me that I’m Nigerian. But this past year, I attended a summer cookout hosted by a family friend — all of the attendees were Nigerians and I found myself instantly lost. That day, I discovered emotions defining what it means to be Nigerian. The first was confusion. The songs played weren’t the typical songs I was used to hearing back in Nigeria, like


D’banj or Wande Coal, but more modern songs: Afro beats, with new artists that I had never heard of, like Juls. Priding myself on being a “mascot for Africa,” I was confused when I didn’t know the lyrics to that music. The second emotion was denial. I would try and lip-sync songs and follow the beats. But that became too hard when the artists would start speaking Yoruba, and I’d find myself confused and looking around to make sure no one saw me stutter my way through the song. The third emotion, the one that has stuck with me since then, is sadness. I was consumed by the realization that the one identity I was born with could be threatened by me not knowing the lyrics

to popular songs. Looking back, it’s absurd to think that something as little as that could be so jarring. But at the moment, I felt ashamed and questioned if I had abandoned my Nigerian identity to adapt to American culture. The fourth emotion — acceptance — came later that year. For a final paper in an anthropology class, I decided to write about Nigerian churches in Philadelphia. While I enjoyed writing the paper, it was meeting older Nigerians outside of my family that affirmed my identity and created a whole new meaning as to what it meant to be Nigerian. Through interviewing women who were born in America, but were Nigeri-

an, the group quickly shut down the idea that one had to behave or speak in a certain way to qualify as Nigerian. To them, being Nigerian meant loving the culture and everything that came out of it. We discussed its history and politics, and they shared music with me. This happened over the span of four weeks, and in the end, I realized that just surrounding myself with other Nigerians affirmed my identity in ways I couldn’t have imagined. We are all so different — whether it be age or the country we were born in — but we have one thing in common: we are Nigerian.




Professor works to reduce power outage effects Xiaonan Lu is working to improve power grid resiliency on a project with the Department of Energy. BY ANNALIESE GRUNDER For The Temple News


ndrew Decker was working on homework in a Weiss Hall classroom when the lights suddenly went out on Sept. 26. “They came back on and I thought somebody must’ve hit a switch. Then they went back off again,” said Decker, a freshman political science major. Only the emergency power lights were on, the elevators were down and he had no way out besides walking down seven flights of stairs, he said. At the same time in the Science Education and Research Center, Xiaonan Lu, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering, was on a conference call and was suddenly disconnected. The loss of power helped prove Lu’s point: he was presenting a United States Department of Energy-funded project to help increase power grid resiliency. With this new technique, power grids, interconnected networks for delivering electricity from producers to the businesses and consumers, can be built to adjust their output levels to compensate for a power surge and minimize outages. “I let them know that we need to consider power outages and how to mitigate the impact and how to be more resilient, and suddenly I was disconnected,” Lu said. “That’s really not only embarrassing, but it’s bad. Power outages are out there, and we need to do something.” Lu is working on a collaborative research project, led by Argonne National Laboratory, a science and engineering research laboratory, to create a more reliable and resilient distribution grid by using solar energy. He’s working with professors at Illinois Institute of Technology, Southern Methodist University and United Technologies Research Center to adjust the boundaries of the micro@TheTempleNews

COLLEEN CLAGGETT / THE TEMPLE NEWS Xiaonan Lu, assistant professor at the College of Engineering, solves an equation in his office on Oct. 7.

grids so that they can adjust the amount of energy needed to output based on the situation. “So even though there is a power outage, we try to have uninterrupted power supply,” Lu said. During a power outage, microgrids use various sources of energy and “smart switches” to isolate the problem so that as much power as possible can be maintained, Lu said. Outages can cost about $150 billion across the U.S. annually in spoiled food, lost productivity and other costs, according to data from the Galvin Electricity Initiative. “In terms of resiliency, it’s a new concept compared to the more traditional ones like stability or reliability,”

Lu said. “We need to do more to ensure that the system is more flexible and more resilient. That is our main focus.” Caroline Burkholder, sustainability manager at the Office of Sustainability, said Temple updated its 2019 action plan in accordance with a 2016 Climate Leadership Statement, a commitment incorporating carbon neutrality and strategies to address change. “They said that you have to incorporate this resiliency planning because everyone has figured out it’s not a matter of stopping climate change, it’s a matter of dealing with it’s known effects” she added. “It is important not only to reduce our carbon footprint and to be purchasing large amounts of renewable energy, but also as a public institution within

the city of Philadelphia, we need to be looking at how we can at least match the city’s commitment.” Lu’s work will hopefully help to prevent outages like the one that Temple experienced from occurring, he said. “We know that some people are saying that we can use microgrids to aggregate distributed energy sources at a local level,” he added. “This is relatively mature technologies that we can use, and in the meantime, we are trying to advance this technology to talk about more.” “The work he’s doing is certainly important,” Decker said. “It would definitely be good for my time and help me get essays written.”




Student and alumnus release first funk record

Rubber, a pop-inspired funk group, started in 2017 by playing house shows around campus. BY LAWRENCE UKENYE For The Temple News As they went around Philadelphia stapling promotional posters to light poles, John Della Franco and Andrew Loper stressed about releasing their new EP the next day. “I really hope it does well, this is honestly the most nervous I’ve ever been,” said Loper, a 2018 economics alumnus. Loper and Franco, a senior media studies and production major, are a duo band called Rubber and released their first EP called “Rubber Baby,” on Oct. 11. The EP consists of six songs and an interlude that were initially written when the two first met in 2017. Loper, lead singer, and Della Franco, guitarist, first started working together as a part of a former band that never ended up materializing, and then decided to team up. “We worked together for a bit and [Della Franco] and I realized that we were really good at writing songs together, so we thought, ‘Why don’t we keep just writing songs,’” Loper said. The duo started performing at house shows around Main Campus where they eventually caught the attention of Bell Tower Music, Temple’s student-run music agency. After a year of writing songs, they signed a deal with the label in 2018. They describe their style as “pop-inspired funk.” Some of their original songs include “Control” and “Won’t Come Back,” and are influenced by artists like Thundercat, Hiatus Kaiyote and Jessie J. Songs like “Won’t Come Back” and “Control” blend musical elements and are not only designed for casual listening but also to convey deeper meanings about life and certain struggles within it, Loper said. Rubber’s single, “Won’t Come Back” conveys Loper’s journey with religion,

JEREMY ELVAS / THE TEMPLE NEWS Andrew Loper, a 2018 economics alumnus, staples a poster for his jazz funk band “Rubber” on a pole at 12th and Norris streets on Oct. 10.

he said. “I was around Catholics growing up, and I felt that the Catholic faith was, at times, very restrictive,” he added. While their music leans toward funk, their writing process is fluid and can lead to a variety of different funkpop sounds, like bass, keyboard and drum sets. The process is something they both enjoy and involves a great deal of teamwork, Della Franco said. “The process is different for every song, but we try to work together to make something great. [Loper] handles the words and the melody and I handle the harmony,” he added. They both try to find time within their schedules to work on their music. Della Franco lives in the Philadelphia area while Loper commutes to Temple from Drexel Hill.

They hope their EP sheds light on their earlier stages of creativity as a duo, Della Franco said, as all the songs were written when they had initially met. “The songs started out as me on guitar with him singing, but now they’ve been fully fleshed in the studio,” Della Franco said. The group has appeared on local media outlets, like Live at 5 on Radio 104.5 as well as an interview and video with The Key, WXPN’s local music blog. With music drifting further away from radio and more toward streaming, being placed on companies public playlists with large folowings are important for local acts, Loper said. “If you don’t have a couple of grand sitting in the bank for a playlist placement, it’s really hard to grow your audience,” he added.

Bell Tower Music has been doing more promotional techniques, like canvassing, in anticipation for Rubber’s EP release, said Patricia McNamee, a senior media studies and production major. McNamee is Bell Tower Music’s director of marketing and helps to organize production on albums and create flyers, QR codes and stickers. “It’s a small group that makes it happen, but it’s been fun seeing this grow,” she said. The band hopes to tour in January and is booking shows in Philadelphia, New York City and Washington D.C., Della Franco said. “We’re putting our foot on the gas,” he added. @lawrencee_u




Professor, alumna team up on restaurant’s design Kathy Mueller and Robin Goffman were recongized at the Philadelphia Design Awards. BY EMMA LORO For The Temple News In her spare time, Robin Goffman can be found running a gluten-free baking company with her sister. Yet, her big break in the food industry came from her mentor asking her to design advertisements for a local juicery. “It was so exciting,” said Goffman, a 2017 advertising alumna. “I just wanted to be in the food world and then this happened.” This year, the Philadelphia Design Awards, a biennial competition that awards graphic designers for outstanding design work, recognized Kathy Mueller and Goffman with four awards for their designs for Sip-N-Glo Juicery, a small, women-run juice company in Philadelphia. Goffman and Mueller, assistant professor in the department of advertising and public relations, partnered to create the branding for Sip-N-Glo Juicery in 2017. “I have a personal interest in projects with feminist values. I enjoy that branding and even Sip-N-Glo fits into that in that it’s a women-owned business, and in particular women entrepreneurs,” Mueller said. As a full-time professor, Mueller couldn’t accept the initial project proposal without another graphic designer, so she had reached out to Goffman, a sophomore at the time, because she felt she could trust her with professional-level work, Mueller said. “It was her enthusiasm for this project that was so infectious,” she added. “I knew I was going to have [Goffman] to support me on it and the way we’re going to do it together.” The two had previously worked on projects together. Goffman first worked with Mueller during her senior show-


case for graphic design and advertising students. “Her work is just so thoughtful and so beautiful and the way that she taught her classes. She took a lot of thoughts on the technical and conceptual side of the craft,” Goffman said. They also created the layouts of Alina Wheeler’s fifth edition of Designing Brand Identity, a book about company branding, Mueller said. At the time, Goffman was Wheeler’s student assistant while Mueller served as a senior designer. Goffman still designs for Sip-N-Glo Juicery with Mueller, who oversees her work as an art director. They create several images of fruit and juice behind colorful backgrounds for Sip-N-Glo Juicery’s Instagram page. They also design the companies packaging for juices, wall graphics, neon signs, posters and menu boards for juicery’s three center city locations. Morganne Hodgson, a senior advertising major, assists Mueller and Goffman by researching for them and Sip-NGlo Juicery. Hodgson assisted on their most recent project, a DIY photoshoot in Mueller’s house where they arranged the company’s product photos. “I love it. It’s amazing working with [Mueller],” Hodgson said. “I consider her one of my greatest mentors.” Goffman and Mueller’s almost fouryear working relationship has been maintained by her excitement in helping Mueller with either freelance work or other projects, Goffman said. “I just loved working with [Mueller] so much. She’s so incredibly talented and smart and she’s such a good teacher that I just wanted to be around her more and be able to learn from her more outside of the classroom,” she added. “I really see her as my number one mentor in the industry, creatively, professionally and personally.”

COLLEEN CLAGGETT / THE TEMPLE NEWS Kathy Mueller, assistant professor in the department of advertising and public relations, displays designs that she and Robin Goffman, 2017 advertising alumna, created for Sip-N-Glo Juicery in her home in Northern Liberties on Oct. 14.

COLLEEN CLAGGETT / THE TEMPLE NEWS Kathy Mueller, assistant professor in department of advertising and public relations, explains the design of Sip-N-Glo Juicery product packaging that her and 2017 advertising alumna Robin Goffman designed and created on Oct. 14.








1. Traditions, arts and achievements of certain groups of people

4. Mesoamerican civilization developed in southeastern Mexico and known for architecture and calendars

2. Traditional way of doing something that is specific to a tribe or village 3. Social group of people with common ancestors, values or leader

6. Tall wooden sculptures that record a village’s history 7. A word that describes a person associated with a certain area by birth

5. Native people of Australia

9. Group of indigenous people inhabiting Arctic regions of 8. Another word for a leader of Greenland, Canada and Alaska a tribe 10. Indigenous group of Iroquoian lineage who inhabited the Southeastern Woodlands of America




Celebration recognizes land’s settlement history On Saturday, more than 100 people gathered at Penn Treaty Park in Fishtown to celebrate Indigenous Peoples Day, which featured traditional songs and dance performances and vendors selling artwork and trinkets. Matt Dineen, 38, from Northampton, Massachusetts, and a volunteer worker for Wooden Shoe Books & Records on South Street near 7th Street, sold books about indigenous literature and history. “This is Lenape land that we’re all on now, and I think it’s important that we have those voices, that history, present,” Dineen said. “Without indigenous people, none of us would be here.” Jacqueline Georgi, 58, a visual artist from Santiago, Chile, and a resident of Mount Laurel, New Jersey, sold hand-crafted figurines called the “Mawida children,” representing the ancient children of the past. “This is a fundraiser for the Mapuche communities known today as Argentina and Chile,” Georgi said. Various groups performed, including a traditional powwow song and dance by the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape. Eliana Medrano, 28, a resident of South Philadelphia, attended the celebration for the first time. “In Pennsylvania, we don’t have a lot of festivals like this,” Medrano said. “There isn’t really a place for native people to come together and do this — it’s rare.”


JEREMY ELVAS / THE TEMPLE NEWS features@temple-news




Diversity adviser facilitates tough conversations

David Brown started a series to train professors on how to have sensitive discussions in class. BY NATALIE KERR For The Temple News After the April 2018 incident where two Black men were arrested in a Rittenhouse Starbucks, a student in David Brown’s classroom said they didn’t understand what the ‘big deal’ about it was. Brown, a public relations professor, said other students looked “ready to pounce.” The situation made him realize he needed to learn how to navigate emotional conversations in the classroom. “Sometimes it requires some courage to have these types of conversations,” Brown said. “But you’ve got to be equipped. That’s the key.” In August 2018, Klein College received the Equity and Diversity Award from the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, an award recognizing measurable success in equity and diversity among faculty in journalism and communication programs.

“While [the award] was a great honor, it helped us recognize that we needed to put some structural things in place in order to really live in diversity,” Brown said. “What I’ve done, in terms of the position, is make diversity and inclusion more of a shared responsibility.” Brown was appointed as the first diversity adviser to the Office of the Dean at Klein College of Media and Communication earlier this year. As a part of his new role to lead initiatives within the college, he created “Can We Really Talk,” a series of three seminars for faculty occurring throughout the fall. They are led in conjunction by Brown, the Center for the Advancement of Teaching and the Office of Institutional Diversity, Equity, Advocacy and Leadership. Deborah Cai, senior associate dean professor, said Brown has had tremendous influence in Philadelphia’s public relations and advertising. “He’s really already engaged in so many ways in the city that as we looked at ‘what could we be doing next,’ that just seemed like a natural step to create this position,” she said. “I know that talking about racism … [and] diversity and inclusion, I know

that students want to do it but I think people are hesitant because they don’t know how to do it,” said Lauren Bullock, an assistant public relations professor, who attended series’ first session on Sept. 25. “A lot of the conversation was centered on how do we structure and set up our class so that people can be vulnerable and make mistakes and learn from those mistakes.” The series will continue this month and in November, available to all professors, adjuncts and other interested faculty. The October session will be led by Simuelle Myers, assistant director of CAT, and will focus on managing social media’s impact through class discussion. In November, Valeria Dudley, IDEAL’s director of multicultural education and training, will talk about reacting to current events. “When you’re thinking about students’ needs, they want to have these conversations, but they don’t want to offend somebody and they don’t want to create hostility,” Bullock said. “I feel like this is always an area of growth, no matter how much experience you have.”

JAMES BRIGGS Freshman biology major


Do you celebrate Columbus Day or Indigenous Peoples Day?

I’m not gonna go with Columbus Day because Columbus was a slave owner and I don’t want to associate myself with anything that has to do with slavery.

ALI TRDINA Freshman economics major I don’t really see much celebration in Columbus Day, just because I feel like when I think about it in an historical sense, I think that there’s a lot more to celebrate with the people who were already there.

Alex Hines, a junior communication and social influence major, said Temple needs more representation in its diversity needs. “I’ve had like 15 professors so far, and literally only one has been Black. I don’t even see them walking around campus,” Hines said. Samir Walker, a senior communication studies major, said he has seen diversity ignored at other schools he has gone to. “Temple stands on diversity in itself and recognizes that we do have a diverse group, and I think the teachers reflect that,” Walker said. Brown said he hopes to see his project grow further, and potentially be conducted yearly as a resource for faculty to take advantage of, and also see a similar resource offered to students. “You’re not going to somehow become ‘woke’ in a 90-minute session,” he added. “It takes a lifetime, it takes some time. But you’ve got to get started somewhere.” @imustbenatalie

HANNAH CHURCH Sophomore communications studies major I think it’s erasure when we call it Columbus Day instead of recognizing what he did when he came here. We shouldn’t celebrate him.

EVAN ARMSTONG Freshman actuarial science major I prefer to celebrate Indigenous People’s Day because their culture is really important, and Columbus Day is celebrated in Columbus coming over and a lot of that is diminishing of the native people’s culture.




Male students defy traditional gender standards Some male students use cosmetics, clothing and hairstyling to express themselves. BY ALESIA BANI & GIONNA KINCHEN Intersection Co-Editors


oey Pace, a senior music education major, can often be seen with perfectly manicured nails. “I feel really hot when I have them painted,” Pace said. “Right now, they’re red and black, and that’s just sexy.” Gender roles in society define how we’re expected to act, speak, dress, groom and conduct ourselves based upon our assigned sex. For men, it means being expected to act strong, aggressive and bold, according to Planned Parenthood. Some male-identifying students at Temple are defying these norms. Pace has been described by others as “metrosexual,” he said. Merriam-Webster defines metrosexual as a heterosexual male who enhances “his personal appearance by fastidious grooming, beauty treatments and fashionable clothes.” Although reactions to his personal style are usually positive, Pace said his parents threatened to stop contributing to his college tuition if he got his ears pierced, something he always wanted to do. Pace said his parents were concerned about him finding a job if he wore earrings. “That definitely has homophobic undertones because an ear piercing in and of itself does not denote anything,” he said. “It’s definitely just the potential, like, ‘Oh, this man might be a homosexual, so we don’t want to hire.’” Alankato Cobb, a junior neuroscience major, wears his long hair out natu-


COLLEEN CLAGGETT / THE TEMPLE NEWS William Pierce, a freshman civil engineering major, applies lip gloss in his apartment at Vantage Apartments on Cecil B. Moore Avenue near 12th Street on Oct. 10.

rally and sometimes straightens it, which he said is not typical for a man. “Most people would think that I’m gay right off the bat, which is true,” Cobb said. “There’s some people who think I’m transgender, which is OK and annoying at the same time. It’s cool that they ask and they’re being respectful, but I don’t have to be trans to present myself this way.” It’s important for boys and men to have exposure to other men going against societal norms, Cobb said. He started wearing makeup after watching Tarek Ali, a Black, gay man who posts makeup tutorials on YouTube. Ali isn’t the first to break barriers in a female-dominated industry. James Charles, a makeup artist and YouTuber, became the first male CoverGirl spokesperson in 2016, Allure reported. Other men who are makeup artists include

Patrick Starrr, Manny MUA, Jeffree Star and Mac Daddyy, among others. Cobb said men applying makeup now is normal to his younger brother. “Sometimes I’ll do my makeup and he’ll sit there and watch me,” Cobb said. “He’ll ask to watch YouTube videos on it. My parents are totally fine with it. When I was younger that was totally not a thing.” William Pierce, a freshman civil engineering major, said he defies gender norms by wearing earrings, having a skincare routine and dressing “more in the androgynous area.” “I like to put on lip gloss a lot,” Pierce added. “I just love wearing lip gloss. It makes me feel good.” Pierce ignores people’s judgments on how he dresses, he said. “I tell myself before I put on a crop top or put on the giant, hollow plat-

forms, I’ve gotta just disregard it,” he said. “If it’s something that’s breaking the social norm, you’ve got to be mentally strong and mentally tough enough to just push that all back.” As a gay man, Pierce is also cautious when wearing androgynous clothing and makeup because of possible verbal or physical reactions. “It’s always in the back of my mind when I’m out, or downtown or alone I should kind of reel in on how extra or flamboyant I’m acting because there’s always the fear,” he said. Trying to make men adhere to gender norms in terms of attire denies them from fully expressing themselves, according to Refashioning Masculinity, a research project on men, masculinity and fashion. Regardless of sexual orientation, Pierce said his male friends are often hesitant to wear what they want if it’s not masculine presenting. “There’s a lot of different widely accepted ways that women can express themselves and act. With guys, for some reason, it hasn’t changed,” Pierce said. “I feel like the ideal man throughout history has been almost exactly consistent. And even in today’s society all the celebrities, all the influencers, they’re all like that … plain white bread guy that everyone expects to see in the media.” Pierce said he has felt very comfortable expressing himself at Temple. “It’s so almost natural to express yourself in an over-the-top kind of way because there’s such a diverse, colorful group of people here anyway that you almost blend in while standing out,” he added. @TheTempleNews




My mother’s strength knows no limits

A student shares how being raised by a strong mother inspired him to work hard. BY TYLER PEREZ Opinion Editor “Everything I do is to make sure you can have the opportunities that I never had,” my mother said to me during a late-night drive home from work, her cerulean SUV gliding across the starlit streets. It was during moments like this that I was amazed by my mother’s strength and drive — in tranquil car rides across the Allentown suburbs. Without hesitation, she dropped everything to pick me up from work. She had left her bed and drove for miles, her languished voice yawning an enthusiastic “Hello” as I’d open the car door, the frigid midnight wind crashing against the leather seats. Most of the time, she had to work the next morning, but she never thought twice about coming to pick me up, even if it cut into her sleep. My mother would pick me up — often late at night — multiple days a week every week for months when I first started working, and looking back on it, I don’t know if I ever said “Thank you” to her. At 15 years old, I never appreciated the sacrifices that my mother made for me because I never quite understood them, but as I got older, she’d tell me what she had to go through to make our life possible. She worked long, exhausting hours to provide for our family, even if we were too young to understand that at the time. She began working in warehouses as a forklift driver because the pay was sufficient, and although it was physically draining, she never lost her smile and vitality. She worked night shifts at Aldi and Target to put food on the table, and she still woke up at a decent time every morning to be with my siblings and me. The opportunities I have today weren’t the same as my mother had. At


17, she had my older brother, and three years later, at 20 years old, she gave birth to me. She put her life on hold for us, never once looking back, even when my biological father left only weeks after I was born. When my mom met my stepfather, she never lost her drive. In fact, she blossomed into the most hard-working woman I’ve had the blessing to know, and in the past few years, my mother has grown professionally in ways none of us could’ve imagined. She worked her way up from a forklift driver to a floor supervisor, and eventually the safety manager of a logistics company. Today, my mother oversees the safety protocols and training of every employee at that company, and she regularly travels to other branches in the region to evaluate their safety standards. She did all of that without a college

degree. My mother knows no limitations to her power — she creates her own opportunities. The older I get, the more I realize how much she was sacrificing to be there for me. When she tells me everything she does is to make sure I have the opportunities that she wasn’t afforded, I understand what she means, and I appreciate her endlessly for it. Every day that she went to work, often for 10 to 12 hours a day, she was showing me the persistence and drive I’d need to survive college. Today, I’m a double major in the honors program with a 4.0 GPA and the editor of a college newspaper, and I attribute every ounce of that success to my mother and her determination and ambition. The values that I have as a man today — being hardworking, driven and persistent — are qualities I get from my mother.

My mom is the strongest, most hardworking woman I’ve ever met, and she doesn’t let a roadblock inhibit her from getting what she wants. Two teenage pregnancies and a divorce could’ve been enough to derail her, but my mom never let that — or anything else, for that matter — stop from her providing for her family and being the best positive role model her kids could have asked for. As I sit at my desk in the newsroom, I think about my mom sitting at her own desk, nearly two hours away. I think about her struggles and success, but above all else, I think about those late nights where she’d sacrifice everything to help me save money for college, and it’s in those midnight car rides that I saw my mother’s drive more than ever. @tyler7perez




Professor explores masculine culture in classroom Some male students emphasized the pressures to conform to masculine standards. BY ALESIA BANI Intersection Co-Editor In Jennifer Pollitt’s first human sexuality course in graduate school, she listened to a guest lecture on men and masculinity studies. That short lecture inspired Pollitt to incorporate this issue in the courses she teaches at Temple. The university’s sociology program offers the course Men and Masculinity, which explores the societal impact of the traditional male role on both men and women. Still, Pollitt, a College of Liberal Arts instructor, said there is a lack of dialogue in academia concerning the negative effects of rigid masculinity in society. Researchers have defined toxic masculinity as a set of behaviors and beliefs like suppressing emotions or masking distress, maintaining an appearance of hardness and using violence to show power, the New York Times reported. “We have feminized all the emotions that all of us have as human beings, such as empathy, compassion, love and kindness and in disseminating those emotions, we’ve made them anti-man. And so if men are going to be real men, they can’t be like women,” Pollitt said. Grant Gwiazdowski, a sophomore math and computer science major, said growing up with a “stoic man attitude” made it difficult for him to express vulnerability. “There were definitely points where people have said, ‘Man up,’ especially concerning my social anxiety,” he said. “It wasn’t that I was necessarily being too feminine, they said I wasn’t being masculine enough.” Sixty percent of men said that society puts “unhealthy” pressure on men, and younger men are more likely to believe that, according to a 2018 survey by FiveThirtyEight, along with WNYC and



SurveyMonkey. Pollitt said scholars should include both the perspective of the oppressed and the oppressor when studying identity. In studying LGBTQ people, there should be a conversation around heterosexuality, and when discussing race, white privilege should be included. This should also be considered when studying masculinity and gender, Pollitt said. “We let white supremacy, heterosexuality and masculinity all go unchallenged or uninterrogated because those are the standards by which we set our cultural and social norms,” Pollitt said. Gwiazodowski went to an all-boys high school where there was an emphasis on athletics and said he felt discouraged by his peers for participating in “nonmasculine hobbies.” “I was more so going inside and play-

ing games, doing stuff on my computer,” he added. “There were a lot of people like that, but they were usually the ones who were most bullied.” Eddie Kiesel, a senior risk management major, said he struggles with the definition of masculinity as a gay man. “The largest thing is that it’s a difficult space to navigate when you don’t know that vocabulary, and you feel different than other guys and you kinda don’t socialize the same way,” Kiesel said. Discrimination toward gay men from some heterosexual men is partially driven by the perceived fear of femininity associated with homosexuality, according to a 2016 study by the Psychology of Men & Masculinities journal. “Even now when I’m around other guys I’m still a little scared that they’ll think I’m hitting on them or making an

advance,” Kiesel said. “I’m scared of getting myself into a situation where I’ll be profiled.” Pollitt believes students across all disciplines and majors can benefit from taking a class on men and masculinity. “Wherever they end up working professionally afterward they will take those skills and apply them in their workspaces, making it safer for people to show up at work, and trust that they won’t be discriminated against, harassed or victims of physical and or sexual violence,” she added. @alesia_bani

Karissa Gornick and Nico Cisneros contributed reporting.




Learning to lean on my brother

One student shares how her brother has become a strong male figure in her life. BY MYKEL GREENE For The Temple News The night my relationship ended, I cried while I dialed my younger brother Michael’s number. I knew he was fast asleep for school the next day, but I was nervous to walk home alone from the train station. His answer was instant, and within minutes, he arrived at the 69th street terminal all the while remaining on the phone. When he saw me, he all but threw his bike on the ground and embraced me. Wiping snot all over his track jacket, we walked home in silence holding hands. He knew that I needed him to listen without responding. I realized then that my younger brother was no longer a little boy, he was a young man. As an older sister, I was used to taking on all of the responsibility for my brother. I have to be available at all hours of the night to be his chauffeur for marching and jazz band rehearsals and performances. I have to be ready to hear about his whole day from the time he wakes up to the time he’s about to go to sleep. I have to be ready for him to clobber me at any moment because he wants to hug “my Mykie.” My brother is 17, four years younger than me. Growing up, he was always superglued to me. Wherever I was, he would be, too. Wherever I was going, he’d beg to come. It was around the time he started


high school that he began to change. The baby face was gone and the peach fuzz began to sprout from his chin. Michael went from being six inches shorter than me to almost four inches taller. His voice deepened, though it’s still far away from being a baritone. As he cultivated more life experiences, like being on the track and field team and in a relationship, Michael became my rock to lean on. I never thought he’d ever be capable of being my support system because I always saw him as my baby brother. He was always going to need guidance and therefore would never be able to give it. The night I got my heart broken, Michael proved me wrong. I thanked

him for jumping up out of bed to come get me, and for listening to me rant over and over about how life sucked and how I’d never find love again. Later on, Michael told me that I could always come to him to rant about anything, even if he didn’t understand a lick of what I was saying. Growing up, I bossed him around and wrestled with him. At every opportunity, I exerted my big sister power over him. Whenever he retaliated, I played the “You can’t hit a girl” card that our parents always fell for, even if I initiated the brawl. Our relationship is stronger than it’s ever been. While the bickering is just as intense, there is a new element to it. I

can go to him about anything, and he can come to me ⁠— just as he’s always done. Watching Michael grow into the young man he is today is a blessing. After he watches me receive my bachelor’s degrees at the end of this year, I will be watching him get his high school diploma from my alma mater in June. Yesterday, he was in kindergarten. Today, I’m helping him apply for college. He’s always moving forward and perhaps that’s the runner in him. He motivates me to be the best version of myself and that gives me the strength to get through my struggles.




AAC fights to keep future championship games After Connecticut left the conference, The American must meet NCAA guidelines to have a championship game. BY DANTE COLLINELLI Assistant Sports Editor The American Athletic Conference is waiting for permission from the NCAA to continue playing their football conference championship game despite only having 11 teams, said Michael Aresco, the conference’s commissioner, before Temple’s game against Memphis on Oct. 12. The conference may hear back from the NCAA in November, Aresco said. The waiver would allow the AAC to play a championship game for two seasons. The American had 12 football teams until Connecticut decided to join the Big East in every sport besides football, which is not sponsored by the Big East. The move was announced at a press conference on June 27 in New York City. The American currently has an East and West division with six teams each. Temple plays in the East, the division that formally housed UConn. Every year, the winners of each division compete for the conference championship. If granted the waiver, the conference will change its structure to have 11 teams without any divisions starting next season and will reflect the scheduling model used by the Big 12 conference, Aresco said. The Big 12 has 10 teams, with each having to play all nine teams in the conference. The teams also play three non-conference opponents, giving them their 12-game schedule. Currently, teams in The American play only eight conference opponents and four non-conference opponents a counting for their 12-game schedule. In a conference with 11 teams, like The American, it would be impossible for a team to play all the other 10 teams in the conference and continue to play four non-conference games. @TheTempleNews @TheTempleNews

GENEVA HEFFERNAN / FILE PHOTO Temple football celebrates its American Athletic Conference Championship win on Dec. 3, 2016 in Annapolis, Maryland. The AAC applied for a waiver to play the AAC championship game for the 2020-21 season despite having an odd number of teams.

Aresco is hoping to keep scheduling four non-conference opponents, he said. “You can’t really play nine games with 11 teams,” Aresco said. “We like the eight conference game model because we are trying to build [the conference]. You do that by playing four non-conference games.” Temple Athletics declined to comment. If the conference is not granted

the waiver, The American would have to “raid another conference” for a new team or remove a team to bring the total down to 10, Aresco said, adding that the conference doesn’t want to use those options. Aresco said the conference is also thinking about adding an independent team, or a team without a conference. The current independent teams in Division I football are the University of Notre Dame, Liberty University, Army

West Point, Brigham Young University, Massachusetts University and New Mexico State University. “If you want to continue the championship game then you have to add a team,” Aresco said. “There are independents, who may not want to join us and if we have to raid a conference that is unfortunate.” @DanteCollinelli




Defense is the strength of newly ranked football The Owls defense has proven they are among the best in the country in the last three weeks.

The Owls are ranked 25th in the USA Today coaches poll, and the defense deserves the credit. On Sept. 24, I wrote that Temple was not ready for the DANTE COLLINELLI national spotlight afAssistant Sports Editor ter losing to University of Buffalo. After the last three weeks, I’m convinced the defense deserves should be in the spotlight. The Owls (5-1, 2-0 The American Athletic Conference) forced four turnovers in their 30-28 defeat of Memphis (5-1, 1-1 The AAC) at home on Saturday. Temple forced three fumbles and one interception. The Owls gave up 492 yards, but when Temple needed a stop at the end of the game, the defense came through and sealed the game. Late in the fourth quarter, redshirt-sophomore defensive lineman Ifeanyi Maijeh pressured Memphis redshirt-junior quarterback Brady White, forcing him to throw an incomplete pass on fourth down allowing Temple to hold on and win. The definition of a good defense is stepping up when the team needs it most, and Temple does that. Through six games, the Owls’ defense has only allowed 19 points per game, ranking them first in The American. Temple is holding opponents to a 28.7 percent conversion rate on third down which ranks 12th in the entire country. The Owls are successful on defense because they have three versatile linebackers who serve different roles and complement each other. Senior Shaun Bradley and graduate student Chapelle Russell play on the in-

JUSTIN OAKES / FILE PHOTO Redshirt-sophomore defensive tackle Ifeanyi Maijeh attempts to tackle Memphis redshirt-junior quarterback Brady White during Temple’s game against Memphis at Lincoln Financial Field on Oct. 12.

side of the defense and are terrific run defenders. Combined, the two have 62 tackles and eight tackles for loss this season. Senior Sam Franklin is more effective defending the pass than his counterparts. Franklin plays most of his snaps as a “slot corner” covering receivers. With Franklin locking down the slot, Bradley and Russell can play to their strengths and focus on the running game. Temple’s linebackers don’t have to worry about creating pressure because the defensive line has played well this year. The Owls’ four defensive linemen

— junior Daniel Archibong, graduate student Zack Mesday, redshirt-junior Quincy Roche and Maijeh — consistently disrupt opposing quarterbacks. Because the Owls can pressure the quarterback with four defensive linemen, they do not have to bring extra rushers from other positions on the field, allowing more players to defend against the passing game. Temple’s secondary has recorded four interceptions and 19 pass breakups this season. While the secondary deserves plenty of credit, the defensive line helps put them in situations to succeed by creating pressure. Maijeh is tied for first place in the conference with six sacks and Roche is

tied for fifth with three sacks. The Owls defense will face their toughest test so far this season in their next game on the road against Southern Methodist (6-0, 2-0 The AAC) on Oct. 19. The Mustangs are averaging 44.17 points per game and have scored under 40 points only once this season when they scored 37 against Arkansas State on Aug. 31. If the Owls can keep the Mustangs’ offense in check then there should be no argument against them being one of the best defenses in the country. @DanteCollinelli




Owls qualify for playoffs following coaching hire

After losing to Drexel in Fall 2018, Temple hired Brandon Klein, the former Dragons’ coach. BY ADAM SLOATE For The Temple News Temple men’s club soccer qualified for the regional playoff tournament for the first time in its history after winning the Philadelphia Division championship with a 9-1-0 record. The Owls started out strong in the beginning of the season, outscoring opponents 29-0 in their first six games of the season before allowing a goal in their 2-1 victory against Salisbury University on Oct. 6. “Making regionals and the division has been surreal,” said Dean Giovanopoulos, a senior finance major and team captain. “All the hard work we’ve done over the past few years building the team has paid off. I know it’s a huge achievement for everyone, but we’re not done yet.” The team, which was led by students in the past, was missing guidance after garnering a losing record in 2018, Giovanopoulos added. In 2018, the Owls started with a 4-0 record before losing 1-0 to Drexel club soccer on Oct. 3. Temple did not win another game the rest of the season, finishing 4-1-4 and falling short of a berth to the regional tournament. Brandon Klein, who coached the Dragons’ club team for three years and held a perfect record against Temple, joined the Owls this season. His first goal was to instill a culture in which players would treat the team, “like they would or a job or internship.” The team also lacked “accountability and structure,” he added. This season, practices had a clear start time, and players were required to


JIMMY YUN / THE TEMPLE NEWS Temple club soccer coach Brandon Klein talks to the team during practice at Geasey Field on Sept. 18.

provide their availability for practices and games ahead of time, Giovanopoulos said. “Having a more strict system made sure our guys knew they couldn’t show up late or simply blow off practices,” Giovanopoulos added. “Now, we know we can plan our gameday roster and practices around people’s availability.” The transition to Klein’s new system wasn’t smooth at first because some of the players were unhappy that practices were not student-led, Giovanopoulos said.

After the team’s success this season the players’ attitudes have changed, he added. “Now that we have practiced and have seen immediate results, we have welcomed [Klein] with open arms,” Giovanopoulos said. The Owls’ are scoring more goals this season, he added. “This year, we are controlling the game from the very beginning, playing with high intensity throughout each match,” Giovanopoulos said. “We make the other team chase us, and we wear

them down with our intensity and fitness.” Midfielder Trevor Taylor, a freshman management information systems major, said the team had to adjust to their new coach. “It took a little while to get comfortable with our coach,” Taylor said. “Now that everyone is more serious about our games and our results, we have no problems with [Klein].”





Players test new positions to ‘grow their game’ To prepare for the spring, coach Bonnie Rosen required all players to play at different positions during fall competitions.

COLLEEN CLAGGETT / THE TEMPLE NEWS Freshman midfielder Charessa Crosse practices defensive stances during practice at Howarth Field on Oct. 8.

BY JAY NEEMEYER Sports Editor In Spring 2019, Temple University lacrosse went 6-11 overall yet had a winning 3-2 record in The American Athletic Conference. The Owls earned an appearance in the conference tournament but lost to Cincinnati, 13-9. Rosen and her staff are taking a different approach to this offseason than they have in the past. Rather than trying to develop the starting lineup, Rosen is focusing on “growing everyone’s full game” and has put players at different positions throughout the fall. “It’s definitely a little bit different because we get used to playing with the same people,” said senior goalkeeper Maryn Lowell. “If you have a lot of

people that are typically attackers playing defense, you need to do a good job of communicating so they can adjust.” Rosen decided to change her offseason strategy to change the team’s mindset about what they can and can’t do. “We’re…trying to see what it brings out of them in terms of developing skill sets, fitness, ability to play with different people,” Rosen said. “We’ve been doing that in the games as well.” In past fall tournaments, Rosen has fielded a lineup she hopes to use in the spring or worked on perfecting the offensive and defensive strategies. This fall, she wants every player to gain experience and confidence. The players have seen time in new positions during tournaments as well as in practice. Rosen said the team is

performing well in its tournaments, though official statistics aren’t recorded. “We work both sides [of the ball] in practice, so that makes it easier [in the tournaments],” said freshman attacker Riley McGowan. Several players who have been in a defensive role in the past have shown an ability to score goals, Rosen added. Lowell said that senior defender Kara Nakrasius, who played in the midfield in high school, is an asset when transitioning the ball up and down the field. Nakrasius uses her three years of experience as a defender to predict what will be successful on the attack Lowell added. “We’re going to figure out how to take advantage of that in the spring,” Rosen said. Attacking players have shown

growth in the defensive aspects of the game, Rosen said. “[Senior attacker] Julia Ryan does a really job on defense, like adjusting,” Lowell said. “She always is trying really hard to get better at that, which is something that I definitely noticed. So that’s a good thing.” Ryan is currently listed as an attacker on the roster. In her previous three years at Temple, she played at midfield. “We are really a kind of wellrounded team in terms of, a lot of people can do a lot of really nice things,” Rosen said. “We’re going to need to try and figure out, you know, how we’re going to take advantage of all of our talents.” @neemeyer_j

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