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NEWS, PAGE 7 VOL 97 // ISSUE 7 Twenty law professors signed OCTOBER 9, 2018 onto a petition opposing Brett Kavanaugh’s confirmation. @TheTempleNews @thetemplenews


A student reviews her Restaurant Week experience for the annual Lunchies edition.


A student and his father bring Indian cuisine to campus with a new food truck.


Temple dominates both sides of the ball in its 46-point victory over East Carolina.



A watchdog for the Temple University community since 1921. Gillian McGoldrick Editor in Chief Kelly Brennan Managing Editor Julie Christie Digital Managing Editor Evan Easterling Chief Copy Editor Lindsay Bowen News Editor Greta Anderson Deputy Investigations Editor Alyssa Biederman Deputy Campus Editor Will Bleier Deputy City Editor Jayna Schaffer Opinion Editor Laura Smythe Features Editor Zari Tarazona Deputy Features Editor Khanya Brann Deputy Features Editor Michael Zingrone Co-Sports Editor Sam Neumann Co-Sports Editor Claire Wolters Intersection Editor Shefa Ahsan Multimedia Editor Maria Ribeiro Director of Engagement Siani Colon Asst. Director of Engagement Hannah Burns Photography Editor Luke Smith Deputy Photography Editor Madison Seitchik Web Editor Ian Walker Visuals Editor Myra Mirza Visuals Specialist Claire Halloran Design Editor Jeremiah Reardon Designer

The Temple News is an editorially independent weekly publication serving the Temple University community. Unsigned editorial content represents the opinion of The Temple News. Adjacent commentary is reflective of their authors, not The Temple News. Visit us online at Send submissions to The Temple News is located at: Student Center, Room 243 1755 N. 13th St. Philadelphia, PA 19122

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NEWS “Time Out,” a program that connects students with elderly people, is set to relaunch due to a grant from The Pew Charitable Trusts. Read more on Page 3.

OPINION A columnist argues that Brett Kavanaugh’s confirmation as a Supreme Court justice disregards the experiences of survivors of sexual assault. Read more on Page 9.

FEATURES Bri Steves, a 2017 public relations alumna and rapper, will soon begin her North American music tour. Read more on Page 12.

INTERSECTION Temple’s 10th annual National Coming Out Week will highlight the intersectionality of sexuality and gender. Read more on Page 16.

SPORTS Women’s soccer is ready to make a push for the postseason conference tournament after 10 days without a game. Read more on Page 23.


HANNAH BURNS / THE TEMPLE NEWS An attendee holds a print they bought from Jacque White, a 24-year-old painter showcasing their work at the HERSpace Women’s Art Festival on Saturday. See more on Page 14.




Temple area polling places prepare for midterms With Election Day in less than a month, some local polling places are adjusting programming to accommodate voters. BY BLAKE NUTIS For The Temple News


he 2018 midterm election is less than a month away, and the Temple community is preparing voters for the election on Nov. 6. Several student organizations, like Defend Our Future, Greek life fraternities and sororities, and Temple College Democrats and Republicans have participated in the movement to bolster millennial voter participation before Pennsylvania’s voter registration deadline on Tuesday. Temple College Democrats Vice President of Internal Affairs Daisy Con-

foy said her organization has told students their polling places while they register to vote if they do not know them already. Both the College Democrats and Republicans participated in #VoteThatJawn, promoting first-time, college student and youth voter registration, Temple College Republicans President Chris Smith said. Smith added that many members of his organization are sending in absentee ballots to their home counties because “Republican votes are more crucial and effective” in students’ home districts. According to the 2016 presidential election results, Philadelphia was the most Democratic county in the state, with 82.3 percent of voters cast their HANNAH BURNS / THE TEMPLE NEWS ballot for Democratic candidate Hillary The 2nd Senatorial District office on Jefferson Street near Willington is one of Clinton. Surrounding counties, includ- many local community buildings that will be used as a polling place in the upcoming Delaware, Chester and Montgom- ing midterm election. POLLING | PAGE 6


‘Time Out’ program to return in Spring 2019 A $225,000 grant from the Pew Charitable Trusts helped the program relaunch. BY PAVLINA CERNA For The Temple News The “Time Out” program, a caregiver support program that provides athome care for local senior citizens within the College of Education’s Intergenerational Center, will return in Spring 2019 COURTESY/ PATIENCE LEHRMAN after three years of inactivity. Patience Lehrman, the executive director of the Intergenerational Center, exThe Pew Charitable Trusts awardpects the Time Out program in the College of Education to begin in Spring 2019. ed the center $225,000 to help relaunch the program. The program is returning in collaboration with the Penn Memory @TheTempleNews

Center, said Patience Lehrman, the executive director of the Intergenerational Center. The program provides relief to family caregivers and companionship service to elderly people by matching them with trained college students. “Caregivers need to [de-stress], run errands, go to work and they need to make sure there is a reliable and trustworthy person in the presence of the loved one,” Lehrman said. The Time Out program has served families in the Philadelphia area since 1986. The program was interrupted because the center did not apply for the TIME OUT | PAGE 6 News Desk 215.204.7419




Temple reapproved for medical marijuana research The university, which has been previously linked to Laurel Harvest Labs, has yet to publicly partner with a marijuana grower. BY JONATHAN RACHLIN For The Temple News Temple University’s Lewis Katz School of Medicine was approved to partner with a marijuana grower and conduct comprehensive research on medical marijuana by the state in late September. Temple is one of the eight universities approved by the state to partner with a grower. Temple’s participation is

contingent upon the approval of a grower, which the university has yet to publicly announce. Temple was first linked to Mount Joy, Pennsylvania-based grower Laurel Harvest Labs in November 2017, Lancaster Online reported. A university spokesperson declined to comment on Temple’s next steps toward a medical marijuana research partnership. In an email to The Temple News, Mitch Baruchowitz, founder of Laurel Harvest Labs, deferred questions about the company’s relationship with Temple to his partners, Andrew Dodge and Nick Karalis, who did not respond to multiple requests for comment. Partnerships between medical schools and growers became legal under

Chapter 20 of Pennsylvania’s Medical Marijuana Act, which was signed into law in April 2016. Chapter 20 is intended to provide grower/processor and dispensaries with better information about which strains of marijuana help chronic illnesses. Legal issues, including an injunction granted by Commonwealth Court Judge Patricia McCullough in May over the legality of the partnerships, have stalled the process. Temple was first approved as an Academic Clinical Research Center, or ACRC, in May, but was required to reapply after the Department of Health rewrote ACRC regulations. While it is expensive for companies to apply for approval as an operational marijuana grower/processor in

Where is marijuana use legalized?

Pennsylvania, the financial implications of the partnerships are unclear. It costs $200,000 to apply for an initial grower/processor permit, with an additional $10,000 application fee. Applicants must also have at least $15 million in capital assets to apply, according to state law. A collection of cannabis companies challenged the legality of Chapter 20 in May, arguing that it provided a number of unfair advantages to businesses chosen by eligible schools. Judith Cassel, a Harrisburg-based lawyer for a number of these firms, said that her clients are worried there may be a disparity in regulations between prospective partners and already-operational marijuana businesses. She said the possibility of pay-for-play arrangements

Recreational marijuana use is legalized Medical marijuana use is legalized No marijuana use is legalized

Source: Business Insider, “This map shows every state that has legalized marijuana” Jun. 28, 2018 News Desk 215.204.7419




between company representatives and universities proved to be worrisome. Matthew Mallory donated $125,000 to Thomas Jefferson University in hopes of partnering with the university to research medical marijuana. However, the university accepted the donation and chose to partner with Wynnewood, Pennsylvania-based Solterra Care LLC backed by Mainline Investment Partners, which some say is a form of “payto-play,” the Inquirer reported. “We don’t know how schools are selecting partners, and we don’t know why they are selecting them, because it is done behind closed doors with no explanation and no transparency,” Cassel said. Chapter 20 was amended in June to clarify the number of clinical research permits granted and to affirm that ACRCs and their partners will be approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Health. However, the legislative fix did little to appease the concerns of the cannabis companies represented by Cassel. “We still find that Chapter 20 as amended, as well as the regulations enacted underneath it, are inconsistent and incongruent with the intent of the act,” Cassel said. Medical marijuana is legal in 30 states, including Pennsylvania, and is decriminalized in selective cities in Pennsylvania, including Philadelphia. A 2010 Pew Research Center study found that 73 percent of American voters support the legalization of medical marijuana. Temple is currently conducting basic cannabinoid research, but this research is limited solely to using compounds found in the cannabis plant donated from the National Institutes of Health or purchased from companies legally allowed to sell these compounds, said Dr. Sara Jane Ward, a pharmacology professor. Temple is not allowed to administer human trials and has been conducting research on animals, she added. Ward, who conducts cannabinoid research at the university, said moving forward with a grower would allow researchers to do more direct cannabis research. “We would have access to the prod-


ucts the dispensaries will be selling so that we can directly study their formulations and unique chemical combinations in our models,” Ward said. Temple is currently required to complete an extensive amount of paperwork in order to receive scheduled cannabinoids, Ward said. Due to the federally illegal status of cannabis and the difficulties involved in studying the plant, little scientific information is available about its ability to treat the symptoms of chronic illnesses. Temple’s ability to study medical marijuana could help find treatments for people struggling with opioid addiction, Ward said. Multiple studies show that medical marijuana can treat epilepsy, post-traumatic stress disorder, Parkinson’s disease and other various medical problems. “We have many researchers that are passionate about trying to mitigate the opioid crisis and investigating whether cannabis can help in decreasing opioid use,” Ward said. “A lot of that work has been done in animal models, but we need to do a lot more research on marijuana itself to determine the safety and efficacy of that approach.” Temple Health spokesman Jeremy Walter declined to comment on Temple’s current medical marijuana research. Drexel University College of Medicine, another school approved to partner and analyze data collected from a dispensary, has been more open about its partnership. The school has evaluated a number of prospective partners, composed research teams and developed potential projects in order to begin research, said David Wilson, Drexel vice president of government and community relations. Wilson added the university has already picked a partner, but the name of the grower has not been publicly released. Drexel has not been able to partner officially because the company has yet to be approved by the state Department of Health, he said. “We went through a long, exhaustive process and fortunately, through all the ups and downs, we still feel very comfortable moving forward with our

Pa. schools approved to research medical marijuana Drexel University College of Medicine

Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Temple University

Penn State

Lewis Katz School of Medicine

College of Medicine, Hershey

Thomas Jefferson University

University of Pittsburgh

Sidney Kimmel School of Medicine

University of Pennsylvania

Perelman School of Medicine

School of Medicine

Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine JULIE CHRISTIE/ THE TEMPLE NEWS

intended partner,” he said. The Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine was also approved for research. The medical school has partnered with Cansortium Holdings, LLC, Renee Cree, a PCOM spokeswoman, wrote in an email to The Temple News. Desmond McKinson, a spokesperson for State Sen. Sharif Street, wrote in an email to The Temple News that Street supports transparency moving forward in the approval process. “Senator Street urges and supports transparency in any governmental process,” McKinson wrote. In April, representatives from PhillyNORML, an organization that advocates for the legalization of marijuana, educated residents about Pennsylvania’s

medical marijuana program in Street’s office in North Central, Billy Penn reported. State Rep. Chris Rabb, a former business professor, said if Temple moves forward with medical marijuana research, the university should use profits to benefit the community. “I don’t believe Temple should profit from this partnership beyond the benefits of the research it conducts with the cannabis grower,” Rabb said. “If it does profit, that money should be reinvested into the community to benefit the people who have been impacted by Temple’s gentrification policies.”

News Desk 215.204.7419


grant as the center transitioned from the College of Social Work to the College of Education, Lehrman said. The grant is issued on a three-year cycle. “When the Time Out program ended, it was a loss for many of our families,” said Felicia Greenfield, the executive director of the Penn Memory Center. The Penn Memory Center, under Penn Medicine, researches, diagnoses and treats symptoms related to progressive memory loss in those 65 and older. Now, Penn will help to recruit families and students, apply its expertise in dementia care and caregiving, implement coping strategies for caregivers and clinically evaluate the outcomes of the program. Penn previously referred patients to the program. The program is open to a spectrum


of families, some of whom are geriatric patients who are physically frail, homebound, socially isolated or have very mild memory impairment. The program also supports patients with Alzheimer’s and dementia, Greenfield said. Students pursuing careers in fields like nursing, social work, public health and gerontology are targeted for recruitment, but students don’t need previous experience working with elderly people to work there, Lehrman said. Greenfield said she hopes the application process will open during winter break. “We want students who are genuinely passionate about working with [the] elderly,” Lehrman said. “Not everybody comes from that place. This is a growing and emerging population. My advice to students is if you can develop a career in this field, you will be in business for a long time.”

Although the program is housed in the College of Education, it goes beyond Temple and the University of Pennsylvania. Students from Villanova, Drexel, La Salle and Swarthmore College were involved in the program in the past and will be recruited to participate again, Lehrman said. Jenna Luzier, a senior social work major and the president of the Social Work Student Collective said she thinks the program will be beneficial to the community. “It helps students give back to the community and gain experience at the same time,” Luzier said. “I know many students who enjoy working with elderly [people] and would like to tell them about it.” Students engage with patients through brain-stimulating activities, like, arts, crafts, dance or story readings Lehrman said. They are not required to


ery, had 50 to 60 percent of votes for the Democratic candidate. In the 2018 primary election in Philadelphia, 27,749 people between the ages of 18 and 34 voted in the election, a 29 percent increase from the 2014 gubernatorial primary. However, only 50 percent of people between the ages of 18 and 29 voted in the 2016 presidential election, according to the Brookings Institution. Nick Palomba, a freshman media studies and production major from Delaware County, said he plans on voting in his hometown and knows where his polling place is. “I come from a very right-wing area, so I think my vote will count more in [Delaware County] where opposing viewpoints matter,” Palomba said. Julia Rivera, a senior international business and Spanish major, registered to vote in Philadelphia when she came to Temple as a freshman. She was asked by a student organization on campus to change her voter registration address to her residence at Temple, instead of at her home in Delaware County. “I decided to vote in Philly because I grew up in a Philly suburb, so it was honestly just more convenient for me,” News Desk 215.204.7419

HANNAH BURNS / THE TEMPLE NEWS The R.W. Brown Community Center on 8th Street near Cecil B. Moore Avenue will serve some residents who live on the east side of Broad Street for the upcoming midterm election.

Rivera said. “I am definitely going to vote in this midterm,” Rivera added. “I’m a little bit disillusioned by the current American government, but it’s the least we can do, to try and vote. It drives me crazy when people don’t vote.” Sophia Yoo, a junior electrical engineering major, has only ever filled out an absentee ballot. She is not registered in Philadelphia but said voting is import-

ant, regardless of where the vote is cast. “The tendency, especially for college students, we don’t really stay in touch, but I think it’s really important [to vote],” Yoo said. “It’s a way for us to have a say in how our government is run. ... I was having this conversation last night with my friends, actually, but they [said], ‘Your vote doesn’t even matter because it’s just one in many.’ I think that the more people that think that [way], the

provide home-aid help or assist with activities like bathing or dressing. A coordinator, once hired, will conduct initial interviews with students and screen families. Lehrman said the program hopes to help 450 families over the next three years. She added that there will be a matching program to ensure the family and student find a connection and the experience is pleasant for both sides. “We know one fundamental thing about building relationships,” Lehrman said. “We build more relationships faster and stronger with people who we believe are like us. The more we feel like we are connected to someone, we tend to want to get to know them more and trust them.”

more of a problem it becomes.” Amelia Caston, a freshman nursing major, has not registered to vote yet. Caston is originally from New York and plans on either registering in Pennsylvania before Tuesday’s deadline or casting an absentee ballot in her home state. Some students, like freshman undeclared College of Liberal Arts student Mara Colarossi, do not know where their polling place is on Election Day. The Pennsylvania Department of State’s online form allows residents to find their polling place and also provides information about each site’s accessibility for people with disabilities. The 8th and Diamond Playground has served as a local polling place for the last 50 years, recreation leader Dana Clark said. Despite new developments in the Temple community, Clark said voter turnout on Election Day at the center has remained low. “Not a whole lot of people show up,” Clark added. “Usually there isn’t a huge turnout, maybe 200 people if it’s something major. We get a rush around 4 p.m. because people come off work. But for the most part, there are never tons of voters.”



20 Beasley professors sign letter against Kavanaugh The professors are among more than 2,400 university law professionals across the country who signed the letter. BY GRETA ANDERSON Deputy Investigations Editor Twenty Beasley School of Law professors signed a letter arguing United States Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh showed a lack of judicial temperament in his Senate confirmation hearing on Sept. 27 and should not be considered for the Supreme Court. The letter, now signed by at least 2,400 law professors from universities across the country, was presented to the Senate last Thursday. His confirmation was approved in the Senate by a 50-48 vote. The vote was contentious due to questions raised about Kavanaugh’s fitness to be a Supreme Court justice, including criticism of his temperament, potential political biases and sexual misconduct allegations made against him. The law professors argued Kavanaugh’s fitness to fill retired Justice Anthony Kennedy’s position as an associate justice on the U.S. Supreme Court. The letter cites Federalist 78, in which founding father Alexander Hamilton describes the level of integrity and objectivity Supreme Court justices must uphold. The letter asserted that Kavanaugh does not show “the impartiality and judicial temperament requisite to sit on the highest court of our land.” Kavanaugh was sworn in as the 114th justice of the U.S. Supreme Court on Saturday by Kennedy and Chief Justice John Roberts Jr. Palo Alto University clinical psychology professor Dr. Christine Blasey Ford testified that Kavanaugh sexually assaulted her in 1982. The FBI carried out an investigation that ended on Wednesday, unable to produce corroborating evidence of Ford’s allegations. Kavanaugh asserted that the Senate’s inquiry into sexual assault allegations against @TheTempleNews

him was “a calculated and orchestrated political hit” by Senate Democrats. The law professors’ letter focuses on Kavanaugh’s response to the allegations. “Instead of trying to sort out with reason and care the allegations that were raised, Judge Kavanaugh responded in an intemperate, inflammatory and partial manner, as he interrupted and, at times, was discourteous to senators,” the letter reads. Law professors Sarah Katz, David Kairys and Pamela Bookman were the first three Temple professors to sign their names to the letter last Wednesday. Katz said the letter was passed on in several legal professional circles she belongs to. “What I’ve been talking about with my students is this is a job interview and if I went into any job interview and cried and screamed and raged and accused people of conspiracy, it’s unlikely that I would be hired, no matter what the context is,” Katz said. “I really bristle at the notion that, ‘Doesn’t he deserve a presumption of innocence?’” Katz added. “Yes, if he were facing criminal charges, and maybe he will, who knows? But that’s not what’s on the table here.” Law professor Susan DeJarnatt, who signed the petition last week, does not plan on discussing Kavanaugh’s confirmation in her law classes until next semester. She wrote in an email to The Temple News that she wants to remain sensitive to students’ differing political perspectives and avoid triggering those impacted by the confirmation. “I do not want any of my students to feel marginalized or attacked — either because they have a different view of the confirmation process or because they may have personal histories of sexual assault that has made this process personally painful,” DeJarnatt wrote. Jack E. Feinberg Professor of Litigation Kathryn Stanchi is a principal organizer of The U.S. Feminist Judgments Project, a collaborative of more than 100 feminist law professors to rewrite legal decisions from their perspectives. Stanchi said she believes Ford’s allegations

HANNAH BURNS / THE TEMPLE NEWS Twenty professors from the Beasley School of Law signed a letter along with more than 2,400 law professors who opposed the confirmation of U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh.

and the testimony will be “a shadow that hovers over Justice Kavanaugh’s tenure.” “For most of us run-of-the-mill lawyers, our words and our credibility is everything,” Stanchi said. “When we walk into a courtroom, or when we go to make a deal with another lawyer, if something about us enters the room before we do, that can mean we lose before we even get in there and open our mouths. I’ve already talked to [my students] about that, and I’m sure I will do it more.” Two votes from the confirmation were withdrawn. Sen. Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, withdrew her “no” vote as a courtesy to Sen. Steve Daines, R-Montana, who would have voted “yes” if he were present in the Senate on Saturday. All votes except Sen. Joe Manchin III, D-West Virginia, were along party lines, with Republicans for and Democrats against Kavanaugh’s confirmation. Protests ensued Saturday outside the Supreme Court and Capitol and in cities across the U.S. following Kavanaugh’s confirmation. The New York Times reported that Capitol Police arrested 164 people for unlawful demonstration in the Washington D.C. protests. The Temple College Democrats held a rally on Sept. 16 against Kavanaugh’s nomination before Ford’s alle-

gations were made. President Christina Borst said having a conservative majority in the Supreme Court could threaten women’s rights, affirmative action, environmental justice and LGBTQ rights. “The thing that struck me most [in the hearing] was that familiar feeling of not being taken seriously just because you’re a woman,” Borst said. “That will be the thing that drives people, women especially, to the polls, regardless or not if there was any corroborating evidence.” Temple College Republicans President Chris Smith said he is satisfied with Kavanaugh’s confirmation and confident in his qualifications and record as a judge. He thought the Senate’s confirmation process was not fair to Ford and Kavanaugh. “[Temple Law professors] have a right to their opinion and a right to display their concerns, but if you look at his overall record, [Kavanaugh’s] temperament has never been a problem in court,” Smith said. “Judging his entire character based on this one time of extreme circumstance… You can’t judge his entire professional demeanor off of this one occurrence.” @gretanderson

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Brett Kavanaugh confirmation: We’re defeated, but still inspired On Saturday, the United States Senate confirmed Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh to the U.S. Supreme Court — a position he will hold for the rest of his life. That decision was deafening, telling us that despite protests and national outcry, our officials are comfortable appointing a man accused of sexual assault to the most powerful position in our criminal and civil justice systems. This whole news cycle has left us exhausted and feeling defeated. At Temple, we’re grappling with power imbalances and our own narrative of sexual assault and accountability — from Bill Cosby, who was recently jailed for sexually assaulting a former Temple employee while working as a trustee, to Ari Goldstein, the former president of Temple’s chapter of the Alpha Epsilon Pi fraternity, who is awaiting trial for two separate sets of charges of sexual assault. Kavanaugh was not held accountable for his actions, and the fact that the majority of our senators voted him into this position of power sends a disappointing message about our country’s apathy toward sexual assault allegations. Kavanaugh will most certainly have a say in issues regarding sexual assault and women’s rights. But he’ll also have a say in issues that impact even more students and residents in the North Philadelphia community. He could rule on issues like Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or affirmative action. The Supreme Court’s decisions trickle down to us and have an immense

impact on our daily lives. That’s why students and North Philadelphia residents need to continue to mobilize and fight to create a community where we know we’re represented and protected. Join marches like the March to End Rape Culture. Participate in events like the National School Walkout to End Gun Violence. Look to student leaders like Tyler Lum, who has protested in Washington, D.C. for Dreamers. Keep having important conversations, even though Kavanaugh is confirmed. We can’t let the resistance end with Sunday’s vote. In fact, it should bring about more dialogue and drive people to the polls on Nov. 6. We should take comfort in the 20 professors from the Beasley School of Law who signed a letter with thousands of other law school professors to take a stand and say they don’t support Kavanaugh’s appointment. These people are fighting for us on our level. Make sure you’re prepared to vote in the midterms and every election that comes after, whether it’s here in Philadelphia or not. It’s difficult for us to look at the future of our country and see much to hope for. But there’s plenty we can do now, within our communities, to create a place that we’re proud to be a part of. Get involved, stand up for what you believe in and don’t back down.

A LETTER TO THE EDITOR A former lead columnist appreciates the Cherry Pantry’s effort to help students obtain tampons. About one year ago, I composed my first column for The Temple News. I argued for Temple University faculty to offer free sanitary products to students, as they can often be an unneeded medical expense that students have to worry about. According to a story that ran in The Temple News on Sept. 10, the Cherry Pantry — the university’s food pantry — began offering free tampons to students who need them. It feels good to see something being done about a topic I wrote so passionately about last year. I am proud of Temple for taking this monumental step in accommodating students and working to make their experiences at the university more affordable and comfortable. Universities across the country offer sanitary products to their students, including Brown University and the University of Minnesota Twin Cities, as well as public schools across New York. Adding Temple University to this list could inspire other local universities to take action or even reach out to local public schools to make sure these products are available for everyone. Menstruation is a natural process that students often have to unnecessarily worry about. Additionally, menstruation is typically a taboo topic that often makes conversations uncomfortable. By making the commitment

to ensure its students have access to sanitary products, Temple is also making the statement that menstruation is nothing to be ashamed of. The added cost of sanitary products and the fear that comes with not having them at the right moment are things students should not have to worry about on top of classwork and extracurricular commitments. My biggest goal in writing columns for The Temple News was to spark a change, no matter what level of change it may be. I am humbled that with other careful considerations, I was able to help spark a change at the university level to help other students. I am also in awe of the university’s commitment to its student body and its feelings. Knowing that faculty members took the time to read the opinion section in the newspaper and have genuinely taken students’ thoughts and needs into consideration is inspiring. I applaud Temple for proving its commitment to its students. Menstruation is a natural process that shouldn’t be added stress for students, especially those who may be financially insecure. Temple’s faculty recognized this and actively made the change to help its students. They showed how they try to remain actively involved in student affairs and that they are committed to making students’ experiences better, and for that I applaud them. Monica Mellon is a 2018 strategic communication alumna. Mellon formerly held a lead columnist position at The Temple News. She can be reached at monica.mellon@



Confirming Kavanaugh: a message to survivors By confirming Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court, the United States has shown little regard for survivors of sexual assault.


ne day after a highly emotional and contentious hearing on Sept. 27, President Donald Trump authorized an FBI investigation into the sexual assault allegations made by Dr. Christine Blasey Ford against now-Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh. Despite the allegations and the investigation that followed, Kavanaugh was confirmed on Saturday in a 50-48 vote. It is surprising that many senators still supported Kavanaugh enough to RACHEL BERSON vote him into this powerful position after hearing Ford’s powerful testimony. I find this deeply disturbing. It demonstrates uncomfortable truths about our culture. Ford’s alleged high school trauma is similar to that of Anita Hill, who testified to the Senate Judiciary Committee in October 1991 about being sexually harassed by then-Judge Clarence Thomas, who currently serves as a justice on Supreme Court. Hill never received the glory of taking down her alleged abuser, and neither did Ford. The message to sexual misconduct survivors in America is loud and clear: people will not believe you were assaulted or try to hold your attacker accountable. Kavanaugh’s confirmation shows the U.S. doesn’t take sexual assault seriously. In fact, our leaders have accepted an alleged assaulter into the highest court in America. Brad Windhauser, a gender, sexuality and women’s studies and English professor, was concerned about our country’s outward lack of understanding of survivors and acceptance of rape culture surrounding the hearing. @TheTempleNews

Hon. Brett M. Kavanaugh

Dr. Christine Blasey Ford


“CNN interviewed some female Trump supporters...about these allegations, and one of these women said, ‘What 17-year-old boy hasn’t done this stuff?’” Windhauser said. “The notion that one woman would say that, suggesting that’s how it should be, just shows how messed up the messages [about sexual assault]...are in this country.” Rebecca Alpert, a gender, sexuality and women’s studies and religion professor, said she’s surprised Kavanaugh had support from the Republican Party because his behavior “should be abhorrent to them.” And it’s misleading that a party often preaching morality would stand behind someone facing such serious allegations. Ford should’ve had both parties backing her, if not for her alleged trauma, then for her credibility and grace. She is a professor of psychology and a research psychologist at Palo Alto University and Stanford University in California, and she kept her composure — unlike the man she was accusing — with the world watching the hearing. If our country can’t even support or believe a woman of such excellence, then it’s no wonder most sexual assaults go unre-

ported. This message is intimidating. Joyce Joyce, a gender, sexuality and women’s studies and English professor, said the lack of diversity in the Senate could be to blame. Only 23 women hold seats in the Senate. Of those women, three are Black and five are Hispanic or Latinx. There are five women in the 21 members of the Senate Judiciary Committee, according to the committee’s website. “It is very problematic that most of the senators are old, white men,” Joyce said. She added that “old white men” are not typically the people who understand how sexual assault affects a person. But the problem isn’t limited to men. Joyce said it includes the behavior of conservative women in the Senate. “These women, like [Maine Republican Sen. Susan] Collins, who are hesitating in believing what Ford has to say, they’re actually the ones who are brainwashed by a party line,” Joyce added. It is highly concerning how partisan politics interfered with this decision-making process. A serious accusation like this shouldn’t have been swept under the rug because people would

rather stay loyal to the Republican Party than acknowledge that sexual assault is a traumatic crime. Windhauser said many Republican senators had already decided to vote to confirm Kavanaugh before hearing Ford speak. “When the senators say, ‘I’ve already made my vote,’ then what’s the point of the testimony?” Windhauser said. “How can you discount what’s coming out of her mouth when you haven’t heard what it is? … Women throughout history have had zero incentive to come out about these things. Not only do they not gain, they actually lose.” Ford had nothing to gain and absolutely everything to lose. She and her family had to move from their home, and she had to relive her trauma on live television. For any elected official to be so concerned about their political alignment that they are willing to disregard the testimony of a survivor is an incredible act of disrespect, both to that person and to this country.




Television needs more people who look like me

A student writes about her attempt to find media that accurately represents diverse backgrounds. BY ALVIRA BONSU For The Temple News At one point in my life, I couldn’t live without television, but it was doing just fine without me. From fifth to seventh grade, I ran the mile home from my bus stop to watch my favorite show. I ripped off my school uniform as fast as I could, put on my comfy clothes — a baggy T-shirt and shorts, sat on the couch in my living room and turned on “Everybody Hates Chris.” The only channel that consistently ran my show was BET, the Black Entertainment Television channel. I didn’t mind that my only preferred channel was BET. It was the channel where I would get all of my favorite entertainment, like “My Wife and Kids,” “The Game,” “The Parkers,” “Martin” and more. But I felt like I shouldn’t have had to rely on that specific channel to see people who looked like me. There came a certain point when coming home after a stressful day of

school, with the TV already on Freeform or CNN, I didn’t want to have to turn to BET for a program I’d actually find relatable. I soon figured out that TV isn’t an even playing field. I was lucky to see even a sprinkle of chocolate mixed in with all the vanilla, unless I was watching BET. Eventually, I stopped watching my “Everybody Hates Chris.” This was the show that helped me connect with my siblings and classmates. I even made most of my middle school friends through a mutual admiration for the show. I stopped watching my favorite show, as I grew older. I began to feel embarrassed for not watching the “popular” shows that everyone was watching, like “The Vampire Diaries.” Not watching “Everybody Hates Chris” didn’t mean I stopped watching TV, though. If anything, I did the exact opposite and began watching even more because I discovered the ease of streaming shows. As soon as I started streaming shows on Netflix instead of watching cable, I saw why my generation was so obsessed with the concept. I noticed a change right away. I became even more of a TV fanatic. But I didn’t notice right away

that I was consuming more white media and less Black media. Bonnie Bennett, the only Black main character on “The Vampire Diaries,” catered to the needs of her white counterparts. Missandei and Grey Worm of “Game of Thrones” are Daenerys Targaryen’s servants. I can’t call this fair representation. Shows with token Black characters like these are sending a message to viewers that there are Black people in the world, but they are not the main characters. Black stories are not important unless they are in conjunction with those of white people. I wanted to see self-sufficient, tenacious Black leading roles that take the spotlight themselves — not ones that only complimented white characters or made the show seem more diverse on the surface. This sudden epiphany made me angry at first. I even thought about boycotting TV. But doing so would only prevent me from enjoying something that I’ve always loved and found soothing. My friends seemed to be happy with what they were getting from Netflix, and I decided I needed to find programs on

the streaming service that would make me happy too. I found a plethora of Netflix shows that relate to me, like “On My Block,” a comedy that focuses on a diverse group of street-smart kids in Los Angeles. Shows like this don’t just have Black characters; they have Black characters of substance. And a series like “Dear White People,” which addresses the adversity of students of marginalized identities at a predominantly white Ivy League college, creates meaningful discussions. It feels genuine, not forced. I want to see a diverse range of Black women on TV and not just the Cookie Lyons. Like white women, Black women can be strong and brave, young and old, delicate and dainty, outspoken and soft spoken. The truth is, TV shows cannot legitimately succeed without reflecting the world we live in — which includes people like me: Black people. And when I find myself giving up on the exclusivity of mainstream channels, I turn to streaming services like Netflix and watch whichever programs make me feel like the main character.




Restaurant Week experience sweeps away first-timer A student shares her favorite dishes from the biannual event and urges others to take advantage of the deals. BY CHRISTINA MITCHELL For The Temple News Center City District Restaurant Week, despite the misleading title, is a 13-day event that happens twice a year, first in January, then during late September to early October. During this time, more than 110 participating restaurants in Philadelphia serve three-course lunches for $20 and four-course dinners for $35. To a foodie like me, it sounded like a two-week-long Christmas Day. A Restaurant Week first-timer, I anticipated it for months, and when it was a few weeks away, I started perusing the menus. I wanted variety, and I tried to pick some upscale, expensive restaurants where I wouldn’t typically find myself. After much deliberation, I decided on Buddakan, Del Frisco’s Double Eagle Steakhouse, Barbuzzo, El Vez and Little Nonna’s. Finally, the moment I had been waiting for arrived. Buddakan was the first restaurant on my list, and I was blown away when I walked through the door. There was a waterfall wall separating the entrance from the dining room. Entering was like stepping into a palace. The walls were adorned with red velvet drapes, and a giant, golden Buddha statue was the centerpiece of the room. And like I had hoped, the food was the most memorable part. My first course was chicken dumplings, which were some of the best I’d ever had. For the main course, I got the cashew chicken, which was so filling I was convinced I wouldn’t be able to make room for dessert.


But I devoured the dip sum doughnuts, which are small powdered pastries with a dipping sauce of lemon cream cheese, chocolate and blueberry jam. Del Frisco’s was next. This restaurant was previously a bank, and it still had that ornate, sophisticated feel. My favorite part of the decor was the giant sealed safe in the basement. I had lobster bisque soup, followed by a perfectly cooked filet of salmon in a butter sauce on a bed of green beans. My dessert was cheesecake with strawberry drizzle and pecan crust. The next destination on my glutinous journey was Barbuzzo, a cozy, rus-

ized I was more than halfway through my Restaurant Week experience. And I couldn’t help wondering how I had not taken advantage of this delicious opportunity during previous years. The next night, still bloated from the delicious adventure I had the night before, it was time for El Vez. I walked into the Mexican restaurant in awe at the hanging motorcycles above the bar, bicycle-themed serving trays and red velvet booths. I was all about this eclectic environment and ready for unique dishes to match. I was caught a little off guard when I was served hard shell tortilla chips with


tic Italian restaurant. I had the roasted beet and kale salad with whipped goat cheese, orange and pistachio pesto. And the decadence didn’t stop there. Course three was Sunday Rigatoni with pork ragu and provolone cheese. I finished with tiramisu, my favorite dessert. I was disappointed when I real-

my tuna tostadas instead of the soft shell tortillas to which I was accustomed, but this crunch complemented the ahi tuna and salsa. My second course was empanadas with a verde sauce so delicious I was licking it off of my fingers. I was disappointed in my third course and fourth course, but El Vez is still one of my new favorite restaurants.

The first two dishes were enough to win me over, and the fun and funky atmosphere was like nothing I’d dined in before. Not to mention, the price range wasn’t as high as the other restaurants, so I knew I’d be coming back to try more menu items. Before I knew it, I was at my last stop: Little Nonna’s. It had a romantic, European-inspired aura, with hanging string lights reminiscent of the night sky. The first course, wild mushroom risotto arancini, was a much tastier version of a mozzarella stick. Accompanied by a truffle aioli, this dish was officially the pinnacle of my restaurant week experience. My entree — pan-seared gnocchi — was the featured menu item and had been recommended by a friend, so I could hardly contain my excitement when I saw the waiter carrying it toward me. My only complaint about this gnocchi with pancetta, corn, tomato, mushroom, basil and parmesan was that I wanted more. My Restaurant Week experience definitely ended on a sweet note with an apple crumble with brown sugar oats, salted caramel and whipped cream. It was perfect for the dreary autumn weather, and every bite hugged my mouth like a cozy blanket. I wish it never ended. I will never forget my experience tasting some of the best food Philly has to offer. All of the restaurants had their own charming atmospheres and remarkable culinary masterpieces from around the world. I highly recommend everyone does this at least once. I plan to do this again in January, crossing a few more restaurants off my bucket list. But until then, I’ll be at the gym running off those delectable meals.




IH professors balance own faith in the classroom Several instructors are ordained clergy and are tasked with teaching religious texts to students with differing beliefs. BY SYLVAIN BATUT For The Temple News


he Rev. Marcia Bailey sees a parallel between teaching Intellectual Heritage at Temple University and being a pastor. “I find lots of correlation between the work I do, in terms of reading texts... to teach in a local congregation, and how we treat text in IH,” said Bailey, a professor who has taught the course for 12 years and been a pastor for 32 years. In IH courses, students read influ-

ential works of world literature, philosophy and religion, like parts of the Bible. Bailey is one of seven ordained IH professors and one of six who balance teaching classes while also leading different denominations in faith. But the multi-tasking professors don’t let their religious beliefs influence their teaching methods — sometimes it’s even the other way around. Jacob Kim, a religion and IH professor and a senior pastor of the Korean Presbyterian Church in Huntingdon Valley, Pennsylvania, said Temple influences the way he preaches at his church because of the different theories he learns from the university environment, like science, engineering and humanities. “If I think that [an] idea is a great idea, then I try to apply it with what I teach at the church, and I can see the re-

sults immediately,” he said. Richard Libowitz, an IH professor, was a rabbi at Congregation Beth El Ner Tamid in Broomall, Pennsylvania, from 1983 through 1995. Libowitz, a 1978 Ph.D. in religion alumnus, said his experience as an undergraduate at the University of Notre Dame, which is a private Catholic institution, helps him understand how students might perceive a teacher who practices a different faith than themselves. “Having spent four years in an intensely Catholic environment in college, I have some understanding of what that means and can try to be more empathetic,” he said. In Kim’s case, he tries to be careful of how he teaches students about religion. “As I began to start teaching here

at Temple, I was cautioned numerous times not to try to get converts,” Kim said. “The school doesn’t teach a faith. It’s not a religious institution as such, but as students go, they learn about religion.” He added he believes a religion is more than just a belief in God, and that any form of passionate belief, like a social cause, is a person’s actual religion. Bailey started her position as acting pastor for the First Baptist Church in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, in September. She was ordained through American Baptist Churches USA, a Christian denomination organization. She said personal interpretations of literature aren’t what matter in the classroom. Instead, the importance lies in the discussion the different interpretations generate. FAITH | PAGE 15


Alumna prepares for North American tour Steves, a 2017 public relations alum-

A 2017 public relations alumna na whose given name is Brianna Stevenbegan her music career while at- son, began her career while she was still a student at Temple University. This year, tending Temple. BY ALEX MARK For The Temple News When Bri Steves found herself on stage with Kendrick Lamar, she could hardly believe it. “It was very surreal, being brought out on stage,” said Steves, a rapper who performed her first Atlantic Records single, “Jealousy,” with Lamar during his headlining set at the Made in America festival iin September. “I didn’t know [about it] until the day before. Seeing people in the audience I went to school with, I felt like I was meant to do this.”

she’s made a name for herself among popular artists between performing at the festival, signing a contract with Atlantic Records and beginning her first tour on Monday. “I was really nervous about actually keeping my record deal in school,” Steves said. “I had a lot of doubts and wanted to actually drop out, but I had a great support system.” Public relations professor David Brown said he remembers her unique drive to excel both academically and professionally. “She was so determined not only to

COURTESY / ATLANTIC RECORDS TOUR | PAGE 15 Bri Steves, a 2017 public relations alumna and rapper, performed with Kendrick Lamar at the Made in America festival last month.




Where we’re eating The food trucks and restaurants all over campus draw from strong international ties. Take a look at where some of the foods we talk about this year come from.


Poland Germany France Italy

United States

The Koreas

The Middle East India Mexico


Puerto Rico

See more of Lunchies online at



Food trucks, restaurants accommodate students’ diets and preferences



Food reflects cultures

The Features Editor explains her inspiration for the annual Lunchies guide: how international foods on campus connect students to the world.


BY LAURA SMYTHE Features Editor

efore transferring to Temple University in Spring 2017, I spent three years traveling through 26 countries across Europe, Africa and Latin America. I quickly realized on my backpacking trip that a country’s cuisine offers travelers a telling glimpse into a region’s culture. From couscous and tagine in Morocco to ceviche and anticuchos in Peru, meals represent the diversity in natives’ diets, food preferences and ways of life. When I settled down in Philadelphia, food trucks seemed strange to me. I grew up in Anacortes, Washington, a small island town an hour north of Seattle where these restaurants on wheels didn’t exist. But Philly’s food trucks quickly won my heart, especially once I realized their international owners offer the authentic foods I’d grown to love while living abroad. Immigrants and their second-generation families accounted for more than 25 percent of Philadelphia’s population in recent years, according to the Pew Charitable Trusts.


Among this demographic, entrepreneurship is extremely popular, particularly with the creation of small, mom and pop businesses. The food trucks on campus offer students an important, immersive experience into cultures unfamiliar to them. Students can eat their way around the world from Puerto Rico to Japan to the Middle East without stepping foot outside of North Philadelphia. Many of the food trucks’ owners are immigrants or second-generation families, ready to share their unique stories and perspectives. For the annual Lunchies guide, we highlighted these owners and their backgrounds and entrepreneurship. The wide-ranging food spots provide both international and domestic students with an array of familiar items and new foods to try. This teaches us about different cultures while bringing the world and the Temple community a little closer together, one dish at a time. @lcs_smythe

Eateries on campus cater to religious and lifestyle preferences, like vegan and kosher diets. BY KHANYA BRANN Deputy Features Editor With dozens of food trucks, restaurants and dining halls lining Main Campus, students face the challenge of narrowing down where to eat lunch every day. The task gets even more difficult for students with dietary restrictions stemming from allergies, ethical preferences or religious beliefs. Fortunately, several options still exist for those who need to be a little more selective with their lunches. VEGAN Students following a vegan diet refrain from consuming all foods containing animal products like eggs, meat and milk. Depending on preference, vegan students may also avoid oysters, crustaceans and foods containing honey or gelatin, a protein often used as a thickening agent in foods like cakes, puddings and ice cream. “It’s hard eating vegan on Temple’s campus,” said Dionne Smith, a senior public health major who follows a vegan diet. “This isn’t [Los Angeles]. In [California], they literally have vegan dining halls and vegan food trucks.” To follow her diet, Smith usually meal preps her own lunches. When she eats at food trucks on campus, she visits Cha Cha, a truck that serves Korean and Japanese foods on Montgomery Avenue near 13th Street. Smith’s favorite item is the curry tofu. The truck also offers several veg-

an-friendly dishes like a kimchi seaweed, tofu teriyaki, a spicy noodle soup called Ra Myun, and cha cha, which is vermicelli noodles with tofu. Some other food trucks that are popular among students who are vegan are Vegan Tree, a truck on Norris Street near Liacouras Walk, which serves vegan Philly cheesesteaks, stir-fry rice, vegan burgers, patty chow mein and vegan chicken sandwiches. Soul D’lysh, a soul food truck on 12th Street near Polett Walk, offers vegan black bean burgers, vegan cheesesteaks, seared salmon and fried cauliflower. The Taste of India, a new truck on Montgomery Avenue near 13th Street, serves vegan channa masala, a chickpea-based meal, and vegan rajma, a dish made with red kidney beans. HALAL When Rabia Ugucu came to Temple University, she stopped eating halal foods. “I had a meal plan and started eating everything I saw in the dining halls,” said Ugucu, a senior management information systems major. “I didn’t eat pork or drink alcohol, but I ate beef and chicken that weren’t halal.” In Arabic, “halal” means “permissible,” and when used to describe food the term refers to how food is prepared, starting with how an animal is raised on the farm to how it is slaughtered and prepared, according to the Muslim faith. After her freshman year, Ugucu decided to return to eating halal foods. Now, she asks if any alcohol or meat products were used to cook a meal when she goes out to eat. Ali’s Middle Eastern, an eatery at RESTRICTIONS | PAGE B8




What we’re lunching on 1


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Siani Colon, Asst. Director of Engagement Bibimbap, Top Bap


Greta Anderson, Deputy Investigations Editor Ham, egg and cheese croissant, Chicken Heaven


Julie Christie, Digital Managing Editor Sweet and sour chicken, Tai’s Vietnamese Food


Jayna Schaffer, Opinion Editor Boss flatbread, Saige Cafe


Alyssa Biederman, Deputy Campus Editor Bagel with cream cheese and lox, Bagel Hut


Zari Tarazona, Deputy Features Editor Bulgogi, Korea House


Gillian McGoldrick, Editor in Chief Chicken tender wrap, Sexy Green Truck


Myra Mirza, Visuals Specialist Chicken on pita, NY Famous Gyro


Madison Seitchik, Web Editor Pretzel, The Little Pretzel


Claire Halloran, Design Editor Butter Paneer, Taste of India


Sam Neumann, Co-Sports Editor Chicken and waffles, Honey


Jeremiah Reardon, Designer Chicken parmesan wrap, Richie’s Lunch Box


Laura Smythe, Features Editor Veggie burger, Richie’s


Michael Zingrone, Co-Sports Editor Pastelillos, 4 Brothers Loco Flavor


Hannah Burns, Photo Editor Veggie samosas, Samosa Deb


Ian Walker, Visuals Editor Beef ramen, Kobawoo Express


Will Bleier, Deputy City Editor Steak pho, Yummy Pho


Daniel Magras, Business Manager Cheesesteak, Eppy’s


Luke Smith, Asst. Photo Editor Chicken over rice, NY Famous Halal


Lindsay Bowen, News Editor Fluffernutter crepe, The Creperie at Temple


Khanya Brann, Deputy Features Editor Insane burger, Burger Tank


Maria Ribeiro, Director of Engagement Chicken quesadilla, Ray’s


Evan Easterling, Chief Copy Editor Chicken burrito, Mexican Grill Stand


Kelly Brennan, Managing Editor Carnitas bowl, El Guaco Loco


Claire Wolters, Asst. Intersection Editor Mango kale smoothie, Fruit Salad Truck

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16 17


19 21 20







Father-son truck brings Indian food to campus The Taste of India, which opened in April, is one of the few Indian food options on campus. BY EMMA PADNER For The Temple News On a cold, snowy evening after night class last winter, Chirag Chandna craved Indian food, but couldn’t find options at Temple University. The senior management information systems major wasn’t always satisfied ordering from restaurants in the city, and Uber Eats was charging a high surcharge. So, Chandna took matters into his own hands. He partnered with Adriatic Grill, a food stand that serves gyros, burgers and paninis at The Wall on 12th Street near Polett Walk, to start a food truck called The Taste of India. The truck, which opened in April,

is parked outside the Student Center on Montgomery Avenue near 12th Street. Chandna said the Adriatic Grill bought the truck but didn’t want to run it, so he convinced his father, Gogy Chandna, to help him. “My son is here at Temple and so many times he asked me, ‘Papa, please come, and we can start the truck because there is no Indian food,’” Gogy Chandna said. “So, two times I visited...and then we decided, ‘OK, let us start.’” Gogy Chandna has more than 18 years of food-service experience, having been a part of the kitchen and management staff at several restaurants in Tampa, Florida, where the family lived for 15 years. Between classes and overnight shifts at the TECH Center, Chirag Chandna is in charge of management duties HANNAH BURNS / THE TEMPLE NEWS like keeping inventory and running the Chris Schaeffer, a creative writing instructor, gets their lunch on Monday from truck’s Instagram account. INDIA | PAGE B7 The Taste of India food truck parked on Montgomery Avenue near 13th Street.


Food truck offers authentic Puerto Rican cuisine The food truck, 4 Brothers Loco Flavor, opened in Spring 2018. BY GREG PROBST For The Temple News For Priscilla Quiles, 34, and her husband Jovan Bonilla, it’s been a big year. After the two got married this winter, they opened their food truck, 4 Brothers Loco Flavor. The truck is a family-run business that brings authentic Puerto Rican food to campus. The food truck, which opened in March on 12th Street near Norris, is named in honor of Bonilla and his three siblings. Quiles and her mother Raquel Murillo, 59, run the daily operations. Quiles’ mother, born in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, cooks the food while Quiles takes orders at the window. “You meet different people of all heritages,” Quiles said. “You get to realize


how Spanish food correlates to them.” Though the tastes of 4 Brothers are authentically Puerto Rican, Quiles grew up in Camden, New Jersey, and has lived in Philadelphia for five years. Quiles brings more than seven years of customer service experience to 4 Brothers from a past job at a bakery supplier working as a bilingual customer service representative and export coordinator in Pennsauken, New Jersey. She is quick to greet students with a smile and a recommendation from the menu. “I love it,” Quiles said. “I meet so many different people.” The truck had a two-month test run in the spring before reopening in September. Quiles said she will remodel the whole truck. Quiles will transform the blank white side facing the College of Engineering building into a mural of the brothers’ photographs. The menu is getting an overhaul as well, with incoming items like “Puerto-Rican style” coffee, which is

cooked on the stove. Some of the new menu ideas came right from student and faculty suggestions, like the future additions of arepas, which are fried dough cakes that can be topped with either savory or sweet toppings. Pastelillos — meat and cheese wrapped in a thin dough — are also very popular among students like Abeera Tariq, a sophomore health professions major. Tariq visited 4 Brothers for the first time on Oct. 1 after a friend recommended it to him. Plantains, which are another popular dish at the truck, come in many forms at 4 Brothers, from savory, fried tostones to sweet maduros. Plantain cups filled with meat, though not officially on the menu, can be ordered, too. “I preferred the savory to the sweet, and the crispy to the soft,” said Natalie Scott, a senior economics major. An order of tostones or maduros costs $2, and other affordable items fill the truck’s menu. A rice and bean platter

with a student’s choice of meat costs $68. The truck offers a range of sandwiches in the same price range, like $8 fish sandwiches and $6 chicken sandwiches. Quiles recommended students try the Cuban, a flavorful combination of ham and pork with swiss cheese, pickles and mustard, and also the “Jibarito” plantain burger, a burger on the new menu made with fried plantains instead of a bun. To celebrate their heritage, Quiles and her family sold food from the truck at the Philadelphia Puerto Rican Day Parade in 2016 and 2017. From her jobs before the food truck, Quiles said she learned a lot from different industries. But 4 Brothers is the best fit for her lifestyle. “The food truck works for me because it gives me time with my family,” she added.




Fresh fruit, smoothie truck keeps recipes simple es cost $4 and $5, respectively. Patrons

With more than 30 menu options,

Along with its dedicated patrons,

p.m., year-round. The Nops spent time at a refugee camp in Thailand before they immigrated to the United States. Nancy Nop arrived in 1983, while Saroun Nop arrived in 2000. In 2009, nine years after Saroun Nop arrived in the U.S., the couple opened its smoothie truck for business at Temple University. Even though their truck is parked less than a block away from another smoothie and fruit salad truck, Saroun Nop said he doesn’t feel there’s much competition or difference in business. “We do the same,” he said. The offerings between vendors, however, are slightly different. At Nop’s truck, menu options are pre-established, but that doesn’t mean customers have limited choices.

smoothies even include chocolate and peanut butter. Nop said the truck’s most popular items include the No. 15, a peanut butter banana smoothie, and the No. 12, a kale, peach, pineapple and strawberry blend. He added the truck’s busiest times range from noon to 4 p.m. during the week, much like the other food trucks on campus. Unlike many vendors, though, Nop’s truck stays open all year-round, including winter and summer breaks. Nop said he and his wife take just take off a few holidays, like New Year’s Day and Christmas. Esaa Alarbeed, a sophomore electrical engineering major, said he frequents the truck about twice a week. He usually orders the truck’s No. 4, a mix of mango, banana and strawberry.

visited the truck for the first time on Oct. 2. Mastroddi said the truck’s appearance and reasonably priced menu caught his attention as he walked by. He chose a multi-ingredient drink featuring kiwi, blackberry, blueberry, strawberry, banana and orange. “It’s a steal,” he added. “It’s definitely a bargain.” Nop said having his own business is the best part about running the truck. When asked what his typical day is like, he laughed and gave an answer plenty of business owners can agree with. “Long hours,” he said.

The Fruit Salad food truck uses can even add a scoop of protein to their the Nops use a wide variety of ingredi- the truck regularly gets new customers, fresh fruits and vegetables like drinks for an additional dollar. Fruit Sal- ents like beet, ginger, blackberry, co- like Louis Mastroddi, a freshman sports beets, kiwis and blackberries. ad is open every day from 6 a.m. to 5:30 conut, kiwi and apple. Some of their and recreation management major, who BY CARLEE CUNNINGHAM For The Temple News Saroun and Nancy Nop wake up every day at 4 a.m. to prepare their smoothie truck to open by 6 a.m. At their small blue and white truck, simply named Fruit Salad, the Cambodian immigrants serve a variety of smoothie and fruit salad options, all made to order. “We do just fruit and ice, we don’t add sugar, no dairy,” Saroun Nop said. The cash-only truck on Montgomery Avenue near Broad Street offers an extensive smoothie menu, serving different combinations of fresh fruits and vegetables. A small smoothie or fruit salad costs $3.50, and the medium and large siz- @carleeinthelab

HANNAH BURNS / THE TEMPLE NEWS Fruit Salad truck co-owner Saroun Nop holds a fruit smoothie on Friday at the truck on Montgomery Avenue near Broad Street.



“The only target for this food truck is to have as authentic food as we can,” Chirag Chandna said. “We barely have any American products used. Everything is Indian food, Indian spices.” The menu incorporates spices and recipes commonly used in Northern India because Chandna’s family is from New Delhi. Spices include turmeric powder, cumin seed powder, coriander powder and different kinds of cinnamon. When the truck runs out of spices, it has them imported from New Delhi to Edison, New Jersey, which has one of the highest Asian populations in the state, according to the United States Census Bureau. Some of the truck’s dishes include chicken curry, butter chicken cooked in a spiced tomato sauce, and kadhai chick-

en, a type of curry with peppers. The newest addition to the menu this semester is fish curry. Students can also order an Indian lemon-based soda called Limca and mango lassi, a yogurt-based drink from India. “I used to drink Limca when I was young, and it is a nostalgic drink for me,” Chirag Chandna said. “I believed since we are trying to bring authentic Indian food on campus, we also have to bring some authentic Indian drinks.” Anusha Khan, a freshman health professions major, said The Taste of India is the best place to get rice on campus and her favorite dish is the chicken biryani, which is a mixture of rice, chicken, vegetables and spices. “[The truck] really opens people’s eyes to new cultures,” Khan said. “Especially if you’re Indian or Pakistani, it gives you a connection. And even if

you’re not, it’s nice to try new things.” The truck also offers vegan options like chana masala, a chickpea curry dish, and vegetarian dishes like butter paneer, an Indian cheese dish. Chirag Chandna follows his great-great-grandmother’s chana masala recipe. “I grew up watching my grandmother cook a lot,” he said. “The way she prepared spices, you could smell it from miles away.” Pranav Mellacheruvu, a fifth-year, post-baccalaureate student studying to go to medical school, said he enjoys the truck’s combination platters. “Around Temple, there isn’t a lot of Indian cuisine and...there are times that I just don’t want to cook,” Mellacheruvu said. “So I’m looking for a fast, easy way to get Indian food, and this is an opportunity to do so.” In the 2017-18 academic year, 2,058 international undergraduate students

attended Temple from countries like South Africa, India and Kuwait. “At a school like Temple, which has a lot of international students, [The Taste of India] definitely adds to the culture of the university,” said Ana Hartman, an adjunct instructor in the English department. Chirag Chandna’s wants to expand the menu to include recipes from all over India and serve food from each region. He said he hopes The Taste of India food truck helps close gaps in the Asian cuisine on campus. “If you want Thai food you can find it, if you want Chinese food, you can find it on campus,” Chirag Chandna added. “Indian food was the missing factor.” @emmapadner


Bubble tea franchise opens near Main Campus Lucy Gao and her husband opened a storefront on Cecil B. Moore amid the growing bubble tea trend. BY KATHY CHAN For The Temple News Lucy Gao noticed bubble tea gaining popularity in the United States. So in Summer 2018, the she opened a Mr. Wish shop near Main Campus with her husband. A Taiwanese chain, Mr. Wish serves bubble tea, which is black tea, milk and tapioca balls also known as “boba.” The couple opened a franchise on Cecil B. Moore Avenue near 15th Street. The Gaos’ shop is one of five Mr. Wish locations in Philadelphia. The shop uses real fruits and ingredients in its products, Gao said. The Mr. Wish signature drink, Colorful Fruit Tea, is a mix of chunks of apple, pineapple, kiwi, orange, passionfruit and kumquat. “It is so popular amongst the international students, specifically,” Gao added. Landry Bado, a 2018 architecture


alumnus, said he loves Mr. Wish and goes there once every two weeks. His favorite drink is the Colorful Fruit Tea or the Pearl Milk Tea, a classic Taiwanese drink with black sugar flavored bubbles and rich milk tea flavor. “Their bubbles are the right texture, and there’s so many drink options,” Bado said. Baowei Yuan, a sophomore undeclared business major, is an employee at Mr. Wish. Before he began working at the Temple location in August, he bought tea at the Mr. Wish location in Chinatown on Spring Street near 10th. “Because it is closer to campus, it is a lot easier for me,” he said. “The owner understands that I am a student and if I need to call out or reschedule my hours, she is willing to do so.” Gao said she is considering adding snacks and sandwiches to the menu, but has to get permission from Mr. Wish’s headquarters first. Gao added that students and campus organizations use the shop as a gathering spot. Michelle Mbuthia, a senior political science major, said she visits the Gaos’

LUKE SMITH / THE TEMPLE NEWS Wu Tinggang, an employee at Mr. Wish, bags bubble tea on Monday at the new store on Cecil B. Moore Avenue near 15th Street.

shop once every two weeks and has found the customer service to be excellent and accommodating. One time an employee even offered to remake her drink with less sugar when it was too sweet. “Even though I might be running a little late in the morning, I can usually make it in and out of there in about five minutes,” Mbuthia said.

Gao said providing excellent customer service like this is her main goal. “I really want to give a good impression on my customers,” she added. “Of course I want my employees to do the same.”




International students adjust to American cuisine culture can sometimes be an interest-

known for being unhealthy compared

options in my home country,” she said.

well as differences in how food is prepared and what meals consist of. “The food in Philadelphia lacks flavor,” said Dipanshi Agarwal, a freshman film major from New Delhi. “It can be tasteless at times. At home, we have so many flavors, especially spices.” Tarek Yahya, a freshman biology major from Tripoli, Lebanon, said the food culture is extremely different between the U.S. and Lebanon. “Our sandwiches are hummus and vegetables on pita bread, whereas American sandwiches are very fattening,” he said. American school lunches are also

Main Campus. “In Lebanon, we eat lots of vegetables and healthy options for breakfast,” Yahya said. “In America, it is all sweet.” Vy Le, a freshman graphic and interactive design major from Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, said she sometimes feels guilty eating American foods because of how unhealthy they are. “You can’t really eat it regularly because it is too heavy,” she said. Still, many students, including Le, find the adjustment to American foods surprisingly easy despite the differences between countries’ cuisines. “We have a lot of American food

tional food trucks on campus, students can always find something new to try. Le’s favorite food truck is Burger Tank. “I can add so many different things on my burger, and there is always a variety,” she said. “I love the spicy and saucy burgers that they have.” Similarly, Yoo and Yahya have a shared appreciation for the famous Philly cheesesteak, despite its greasiness. “One of my favorite American food choices is the cheesesteak,” Yoo said. “I like going to Richie’s for them.”

only kosher-exclusive dining hall. A kosher diet stems from guidelines in the Jewish religion that outline foods that can be consumed based on how they’re prepared or slaughtered. Students following a kosher diet eat meat from animals with split hooves, like cows, sheep and goats, that are slaughtered in accordance with Jewish law, among other restrictions. “Hillel has a view that people should be Jewish in the way that works for them,” said Susan Becker, the Jewish life director at Temple Hillel. “We don’t judge people or demand that people live a certain way. If you don’t want to keep kosher, that’s cool with us. But we’re happy to be an option for anyone who needs it.” In addition to a variety of sandwich options, like turkey, pastrami, white fish, and Fluffernutter, Zaydee’s offers falafel, matza ball soup, chicken fingers and fries, and beef and veggie burgers.

catarian. Blue zones are the five regions in Europe, Latin America, Asia and the United States with the highest concentrations of people who live to 100 years and older. “I’m a pescatarian, and health is one of the most precious things in life to me,” said Bezhani, who is from Albania. “I’d like to live a long life.” Bezhani regularly eats beet burgers, hummus, grilled cheese sandwiches and soup options at The Rad Dish Cafe in Ritter Annex. Burger Tank on Norris Street near 13th offers a crab cake burger. The tilapia sandwich or fish platter at Puerto Rican cuisine truck 4 Brothers Loco Flavor, and the fried-fish hoagie or shrimp burger from the Honey truck are both strong seafood options, she said. Both trucks are on 12th Street near the Science Education and Research Center. A tuna salad, tuna melt and flounder platter are available at the Adriatic Grill on The Wall.

tobello mushroom burger, caprese and craisin salads, eggplant melt sandwiches and four-cheese grilled cheese sandwiches. Students can order seafood and veggie savory crepes at The Creperie at Temple on Norris Street near 13th, and tofu rice or noodle bowls and vegetable kim-bab at Temple Teppanyaki Japanese and Korean Food on 12th Street near Norris. Chop Chop, a Vietnamese food truck on Montgomery Avenue near Liacouras Walk, can make all their menu items with tofu, including the chicken and pork tacos and pork banh mi. Top Bap on Norris Street near 13th serves traditional Korean dishes, like bibimbap and seaweed salad. All of Tai’s Vietnamese Food’s soups, fried rice, noodles, pad thai and rice noodles have a vegetarian option. They also have tofu dishes with eggplant, General Tso’s sauce and bean sprout. Vegetarian students can also enjoy the Cali veggie burger at Honey and the vegetable biryani and vegetable samosas at The Taste of India.

Some students describe ing part of the study abroad experience. to meals in other countries, according “Before I moved, I had already familiarAmerican food as fattening and Some notice differences in eating and to Business Insider. Yahya said he strug- ized myself with American food culture.” cooking habits between countries, as gles to find healthy breakfast options on With the wide variety of internatasteless. BY TYRA BROWN For The Temple News Adjusting to American food wasn’t on Jayeon Lilly Yoo’s list of concerns when she came to Temple University. “It was not that hard, but the lack of spicy food is hard to adjust to,” said Yoo, a freshman English major from South Korea. “I miss that. The greasy food is also different when compared with my culture.” For international students, getting accustomed to the United States’ food


The Wall on 12th Street near Polett Walk, is owned by someone who practices Islam. It offers students halal food options. Ugucu’s go-to order there is the chicken fingers. When she orders from other places along The Wall, like Orient Express or Tai’s Vietnamese Food, she sticks to the veggie dishes or gets shrimp as a protein. The Caribbean Feast Mr. Jerk King food truck, on 13th Street near Montgomery Avenue, sells halal jerk chicken and occasionally has goat as a specialty item. The food truck’s chefs don’t use animal fats or meat products in the rice and peas, cabbage or collard greens, which are popular sides for the lunch platters. Similarly, vegetarian options, like the veggie peppersteak, veggie chicken and veggie beef are made with soy tofu and are popular among customers, said Miguel Santiago, a server at the truck. KOSHER Zaydee’s Kosher Delicatessen at Hillel at Temple University in the Edward H. Rosen Center for Jewish Life at 15th and Norris streets is Temple Dining’s

PESCATARIAN A pescatarian diet includes fish and seafood, but not other animal meats like beef and poultry. Kristi Bezhani, a 2018 global studies alumna, identifies as a blue-zonian pes-

VEGETARIAN Many of the food trucks on campus and food stands at The Wall offer vegetarian options or meatless dishes. Burger Tank’s vegetarian options include a por- @Arfokhan




Law alumnus wins on ‘Jeopardy!’ for third time Rick Terpstra won $89,199 on the game show after developing his strategy in mock games at home. BY JOSEPH WOJTKOWSKI For The Temple News Rick Terpstra’s main strategy to win thousands of dollars on the popular game show “Jeopardy!” is simple: just recreate the show in your living room. “I would stand up and buzz along to a pre-recorded episode of ‘Jeopardy!’ holding a pen as a buzzer,” said Terpstra, a 2005 law alumnus. Terpstra, a substitute English teacher at Ridley High School in Folsom, Pennsylvania, won $89,199 on “Jeopardy!” and has appeared on the show three times. In July, he closed out Season 34 of the show with $39,800 in two days’ cash winnings. Terpstra won the rest of the money during the first and second episodes of Season 35, which aired on Sept. 10 and 11. “Whether you win or lose is up to so many factors out of your control,” he said. Despite all his studying with flashcards and rewatching episodes, only one question came up while Terpstra was on the show that he remembered from studying, and it for another contestant to answer. In April 2016, Terpstra’s mock game practice helped him audition for the show. The live audition in Washington, D.C. split possible contestants into groups of three to answer “Jeopardy!” questions. After being in the contestant pool for 18 months, he completed another online test in March to qualify for the show. By the end of the week, Terpstra received a call from producers, who remembered him from the audition, to be a contestant on the show.


COURTESY / JEOPARDY PRODUCTIONS INC. Rick Terpstra (left), a 2005 law alumnus, won $89,199 on the game show “Jeopardy!” which is hosted by Alex Trebek.

“‘Jeopardy!’ likes to play around with lateral thinking,” he said. “Make an inference. If you can connect the facts together, you will get answers.” Terpstra’s trivia knowledge connects back to his time at Temple University, where he and his close friend Rich Frankel often visited bars, like the nowclosed Bryan Street Pub in Drexel Hill, Pennsylvania, for trivia nights. Terpstra said the pair were trivia champions at the pub several times a month until the bar told them to step down to give other people a chance. “Rick and I were extremely competitive,” said Frankel, who is also a 2005 doctor of law alumnus and an attorney at the Cherry Hill, New Jersey-based law

firm Bross & Frankel, P.A. He added watching Terpstra live out his dream and win “Jeopardy!” reminded him of their time at law school. The evening Terpstra’s final episode aired, he and his wife, Deb Terpstra, threw a small viewing party at their home in Havertown, Pennsylvania. The couple’s friends, in-laws and former Beasley School of Law classmates all watched Terpstra win. Deb Terpstra said it was exciting to watch her husband’s life-long dream come true. “It was amazing to see everything put together,” she added. “The poise and sportsmanship, it was exciting to see what happened in front of you.”

For Rick Terpstra, the best reaction at the party came when his 8-year-old son jumped on his back and hugged him after watching the show. Once Rick Terpstra receives the “Jeopardy” money, his family plans to use it to go on a beach vacation next summer. Terpstra also received an overwhelming amount of support from Ridley High School’s faculty and students. He was interviewed by students for the morning announcements almost every day the week his last episode aired. “It made me feel welcomed in a new job,” he said. “Unsure of how I [would] be perceived by people, ‘Jeopardy!’ was an icebreaker.” The friendly atmosphere at Ridley High School reflected Terpstra’s interactions with contestants on the show, which he said was his favorite takeaway from the experience. “[It’s] not a cutthroat, stab-in-theback kind of environment,” he said. “Seventy-five percent of my Facebook friends are people I’ve met on taping days.” Still, Terpstra added the show is intimidating and winning felt “interesting,” because multiple episodes of “Jeopardy!” are filmed in one day. “One minute you’re the ‘Jeopardy!’ champion, and the next minute you’re not,” Terpstra said. “Somebody said in a recent Sports Illustrated article, ‘The best thing about being a ‘Jeopardy!’ champion is how quickly you unbecome one.’” Like his Quizzo days at the pub, Terpstra doesn’t plan on returning to “Jeopardy!” so new contestants can have a chance. “I achieved my goal just to get on the podium,” Terpstra said. “Winning was a nice bonus.”





HERSPACE Women’s Art Festival gives women a platform for expression, art

Art organization Philly Art Collective hosted the HERspace Women’s Art Festival, a one-night event promoting emerging Philadelphia women artists, on Saturday at its gallery on 3rd Street in Old City. The event gave female-identifying people a platform to express themselves and market their work. “The Philly Art Collective has a special interest in groups that are oppressed in the arts,” said Christine Loveless, the event curator. Martell Oliver, the creator of HERspace and founder of Philly Art Collective, said his mother and sister, who are both artists, inspired the exhibit. “There’s so many different facets of being a woman that I haven’t even thought about that somebody else has brought forth in their art, so it’s sort of like all together we are facets of womanhood,” said Kaitlyn O’Neill, a neuroscience graduate student who showcased her portraits of women at the event. Josephine Figlia, a 2012 international business and marketing alumna and visual artist who showcased a painting at the event, said the current feeling of disempowerment among women sparked the event. “With art, I feel like it happens more when there’s something to talk about,” Figlia said.


be successful in her music career but also finish her degree,” Brown added. “I made sure she kept her word in terms of balancing her music and her studies.” Brown’s mentorship helped guide Steves to graduation. “Dr. Brown helped make my career work by any means necessary,” she said. On Oct. 26, Steves will perform at Powerhouse, Power 99 FM’s popular annual hip-hop concert, in a lineup that includes Meek Mill, Lil Uzi Vert and SZA. For Steves, her success still surprises her at times. This September, when the hit HBO series “Insecure” featured “Jealousy” in one of its episodes, she said she was caught completely off guard. “I didn’t know until I watched the show that night,” said Steves, who is a fan of the show. “I jumped up and down and screamed my head off. It was really overwhelming.” Having graduated last year, Steves often reflects on her growth during her time at college. “I definitely think Temple helped prepare me a lot in terms of multitasking,” Steves said. “I had six classes while


What is your favorite food truck and what do you eat there?


also trying to record myself. I had to learn time management.” While Steves no longer faces difficulties in the classroom, she acknowledges the struggles of being a woman in the hip-hop industry. In 2017, only 16.8 percent of artists were women, according to a January 2018 report released by the Annenberg Inclusion Initiative, a University of Southern California think-tank studying diversity and inclusion in the entertainment industry. It indicated the lowest number of female artists represented in popular music content in six years. Steves believes this makes her role in the industry all the more important. “Because I’m a woman, I want to make sure the message is that I work really hard and am multi-talented,” Steves said. “I’m more than just a pretty face. That’s a step for all women not just in hip-hop, but in every industry.” Dave Silver, a 2013 advertising and account management alumnus, said Steves is entering an expanding hip-hop scene in Philadelphia. “In the last five years, Philadelphia has been having this resurgence,” he added. “You’re starting to see a lot of these artists putting the city back on the map to start and grow their careers.”

Silver is the co-founder of REC Philly, a company that provides resources to up-and-coming artists, and the organizer of Amplify Philly, an initiative dedicated to bringing Philadelphia’s business, culture and tech communities into the international spotlight. For the past three years, Silver has been working with Steves on events like the REC Philly Underground POV, which is a concert highlighting emerging artists, and a marketing campaign for the water company Core. “[Bri’s] really fun to work with,” he said. “And she’s a smart businesswoman who clearly understands marketing as it relates to music. She’s really about to be taking off.” Steves said she’s excited for Atlantic Records’ Access Granted: HBCU Tour, but the rapper never loses sight of her roots. “It kind of feels crazy, like a lot of things are snowballing and happening at once,” Steves said. “I’m very appreciative and humble about where my journey has led me.” @alexmarkmywords

MARIAH GOLDSMITH Freshman neuroscience major

I like the Honey truck. I got a waffle there, and it was really good. There were...strawberries and bananas on it.

DYLAN SMELTZER Junior film and media arts major My favorite is Korea House right outside the Tomlinson Theater. I always get bibimbap there because it’s really good and the sauce is yummy.



“You and I could have radically different interpretations of the text, but as long as you can support it with the text, that’s beautiful,” Bailey said. “We don’t have to have the same interpretations.” For Libowitz, the analysis of religious texts in class can even help students put other material they read in class into context. He said religion is a part of society and studying it from a sociological perspective can help students better understand it despite their personal beliefs. “The whole point is...not to destroy anyone’s faith, but to make them understand what’s the original context of this material,” he added. For this reason, Libowitz finds IH extremely important for students. He said the courses are the last stronghold of the traditional college education where students are taught to think and reflect instead of just learning skills to get a job. “If [professors] do our job right, and if the students get it, they’re going to think more clearly, be able to read more sharply, more intensively and write more clearly,” Libowitz said. “Give yourself the opportunity to learn, take advantage of it.” @jsylvain31000

ANDREW PATTERSON Junior musical theater major I like Cloud and I get the [leaf] blower from it. It’s a fall drink with cinnamon and nutmeg and all that kind of stuff. It’s really yummy.

JENNIFER LUU Junior chemistry major I will usually go to the Korean truck the Teppanyaki one. I’ll usually get the chicken Teppanyaki over rice. It’s simple and I like chicken.



National Coming Out Week Oct. 5-12 THE ESSAYIST

Coming out again and again A student reflects on the beginning of her journey coming out and where she is today. BY KATE NEWDECK For The Temple News


HANNAH BURNS / THE TEMPLE NEWS Kate Newdeck, a sophomore who wrote about her experience with coming out, shows off her rainbow ankle tattoo outside Anderson Hall on Monday.

oming out never ends. As you go through life and form relationships with new people, you will have to come out again and again. The process is messy, non-linear and never happens all at once. I should know. I didn’t tell anyone I was gay until a year after I realized it myself. I didn’t begin to tell other people until a year after that. I only came out to one person

while in high school, who did not go to my school. I actually hadn’t talked to this childhood friend in a while at that point, which taught me a lesson that I didn’t expect. It was way easier to come out to someone who didn’t know me as well — or even a complete stranger — because their reaction mattered less to me than someone I talked to every day. Growing up, I found myself in the same difficult position as many other LGBTQ people — living with an ultra-conservative family in a Catholic community with virtually no other gay people to talk to. I went to an allgirls Catholic high school where “out” students were few and far between. LOVE | PAGE 18


Temple NCOW celebrates love as intersectional The week will celebrate the inter- conversations about sexual orientation. These quick and easy-to-remember sectionality of gender and sexual- sayings — both at Duke and Temple — ity. did the trick of their times. Gay was then BY CLAIRE WOLTERS & ALESIA BANI For The Temple News When Temple’s Office of Institutional Diversity, Equity, Advocacy and Leadership hosted its first National Coming Out Week 10 years ago, the theme was “Gay? It’s OK!” The jingle was based on another slogan, “Gay? Fine by me!,” which was created by Duke University students in a 2003 T-shirt project in response to the Princeton Review naming Duke the least gay-friendly school in America in 1999. The slogan provoked on-campus

understood as an umbrella term for multiple LGBTQ identities. In today’s academic climate, IDEAL Director of Student Engagement Nu’Rodney Prad said that “queer” is growing in preference. “Gay” represents only a fraction of identities in the LGBTQ community. “It’s still OK,” Prad said. “But when we look back at how linguistics has changed and modified itself within the last 10 years within the community, it’s been significant.” That’s why this year’s NCOW theme is “Love is Intersectional,” marked with a Roman numeral X. NCOW | PAGE 18

HANNAH BURNS / THE TEMPLE NEWS Marcia Pisces performs at Temple’s annual drag show on Monday at the Temple Performing Arts Center. Pisces came in first place at the competition.



Bisexual women experience hypersexual stigma Media portrayals enforce the idea that bisexual women are promiscous and infidelitous.


BY REBECKAH HARDING For The Temple News Women who come out as bisexual face judgments from both the male and female sexes. Both heterosexual men and women evaluated bisexual men and women as more promiscuous than others, according to a 2018 study by the Journal of Sex Research. Lesbian women see bisexuals as uninterested in monogamous relationships, the same study reported. Biphobia derives from both “heterosexist reaction to sexual expression that is not heteronormative [and] monosexist reaction to sexual expression that is not monosexual,” according to a 2016 study by the Public Library of Science. This term is used in scientific literature about the idea that both gay and straight people may feel prejudiced toward bisexuals because they are not exclusively attracted to one gender. The same study researched whether or not non-bisexuals equated bisexuality with non-monogamy and if bisexual people were considered “inherently incapable of maintaining monogamous relationships.” The study revealed a shift from more negative views of bisexuality to more neutral, with a high number of participants surveyed “neither agreeing nor disagreeing” with the assumptions of bisexuality. The study notes that while this is encouraging, it could be an indication of a cultural shift for people to silence discriminatory or negative views of others, but that unconscious bias may still exist. Some Temple students and faculty said these ideas exist and exacerbated by unfair portrayals of bisexuality in the media.


“I have been in a relationship for eight months, but he thinks I’m going to cheat on him with a woman to explore my sexuality,” said Claire Mullen, a freshman childhood education major who identifies as bisexual. This feeds into the belief that bisexuals are inherently more sexual than other individuals and cannot remain in a committed relationship because of their sexuality. “[This] goes back to the stereotype that bisexuals ‘haven’t made up their mind yet’ and that because they’re bisexual they are more likely to cheat or be ‘pulled by heterosexuality’ when in a homosexual relationship and vice versa,” said Brad Windhauser, a gender, sexuality and women’s studies and English professor. “It’s not respecting that you can just be in love with the person and that is enough,” he added. “Like any person, they’re just as likely to cheat or not cheat.” While all genders of bisexualidentifying people are subject to varying degrees of this stereotype, bisexual

women face a greater stigma, according to a study by Christian Klesse, a British sociology professor at Manchester Metropolitan University. Windhauser added the trope of a bisexual woman being extremely sexual was largely popularized by Sharon Stone’s character in “Basic Instinct,” a 1992 film that framed bisexuality as intended for the male gaze. “Sharon Stone’s character...was hypersexualized and always ready for a sexual encounter,” Windhauser said. “And that sort of stuck. People think that bisexual women always need to have sexual encounters because they’re attracted to a wider array of people.” Gabbi Tapper, an undeclared freshman in the College of Liberal Arts, said that modern media portrayals of bisexual women can influence the public’s perception of what it means to be bisexual. Tapper said the Canadian drama “Lost Girl,” a show in which the main character is a bisexual woman who discovers that she is a succubus who feeds off of sexual encounters with

humans, is an example of the media’s hypersexualization of bisexual women. “‘Lost Girl’ is one of the only shows I’ve seen with a bisexual woman openly identifying as bisexual,” Tapper said. “But, she’s oversexualized and the whole show’s premise is her sexuality. It takes away from viewers who just want representation, and it just feeds into the stereotypes. Bisexual women are seen as doing it for guys’ pleasure.” For students like Mullen, these misconceptions can complicate their romantic relationships. “Generally, you always hear about people wanting to have threesomes with bisexual women and not with bisexual men,” Mullen said. She added that she has no desire to cheat in her current relationship. “I am very committed to that relationship,” Mullen said. “He just has different insecurities based on what he’s heard in the media.” @bae_kah




The numeral symbolizes the week’s 10th anniversary, the cross-section between gender identities and gender-inclusive language, Prad said. The Roman numeral “X” is also used to eliminate gender distinction in the Spanish language, like in the word “Latinx” and in titles before a person’s name like “Mx.,” which is gender neutral. Julie McNamara, a senior graphic design major, created the logo for this year’s event. She used the Pride font and transparent, overlapping colors. She said she was inspired by her friends and peers and the idea that love is not black and white. “Pride isn’t just about the relationships,” McNamara said, “It’s so much more dynamic than that.” This year’s NCOW kicked off on Friday with Queer Bingo, hosted by IDEAL and Main Campus Program Board, followed by a drag show hosted by model, musician, and activist Cory Wade on Monday at Temple Performing Arts Center. Wade, whose drag persona is Serena Starr, is known for being the first openly gay male finalist on America’s Next Top Model and placed third on Cycle 20 of the show. He hosted Temple’s first drag show in 2012 prior to his fame from ANTM. While the drag show contained lots of excitement and laughs, Prad said he worked hard to implement an educational aspect to it as well. The show discussed ballroom culture and gender identity. “Being transgender and being a person that does drag are not synonymous with one another,” he added. “[The show tried] to highlight all of these important facts to kind of dismantle what people think when they come to drag shows in general.” Other events this week include a community forum on Tuesday that will focus on power and privilege and intersectional identities in the LGBTQ community. At Wednesday’s queer networking event in the Student Center, students can speak with LGBTQ professionals about their experiences being queer in the workplace.


HANNAH BURNS / THE TEMPLE NEWS Nora Epinephrine performs at Temple’s annual drag show on Monday at the Temple Performing Arts Center.

“Come Out, Speak Out!” will be held from 7-9 p.m. on Thursday in the Student Center Underground and will offer a space for students to share testimonials and coming-out stories. LGBTQ campus organizations and community organizations can network and self-promote at NCOW Fest, which will take place from 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. on Friday on 13th Street between Cecil B. Moore and Montgomery avenues. All events are free and open to the public except the Fundraising Gala, which is 6:30-9 p.m. on Friday at Mitten Hall. To attend, students need to purchase a $10 ticket. Non-student tickets are $35. Money collected at the Fundraising Gala will be donated to Galaei, a Philadelphia-based queer Latinx social justice organization, and The COLOURS Organization, which serves the Black LGBTQ community. Carmella Hall, a senior gender, sexuality and women’s studies and criminal justice major, is the president of QPOC and helped prepare for NCOW.

Hall said that the Fundraising Gala is a unique opportunity for students to connect with the community, take advantage of resources and donate to a good cause. She added this year’s NCOW marketing has been especially eye-catching and that two primary goals of the week are to increase in student participation and community engagement. “You...belong to the city,” Hall said. “It’s more than just celebrating the LGBTQIA+ community at Temple, it’s also [about our] involvement in Philadelphia.” @TheTempleNews

Those who had come out seemed to have much more friends than I did. My lack of interest in boys was not enough to signify that I was gay to my high school friends. Their perception of what made someone a lesbian centered on looks and that was about it. When I listened to the people at my lunch table talk about who they thought was “secretly gay,” their guesses consisted almost exclusively of girls on sports teams. It terrified me. I had it in my head that they would talk about this on purpose because they somehow knew about my sexuality and wanted to make me nervous. Thankfully, I’m pretty feminine so I didn’t actually register on their “gay radar” — or “gaydar” if you will. A girl who is “secretly gay” supposedly has qualities that make her appear more masculine than others, like wearing loose clothes or little makeup. Another popular stereotype is that all lesbians play sports. Weirdly, a lot of theories on who was “secretly” gay also stemmed from the way that someone walked. Since starting college, I have come out publicly and my high school friends have shocked me with their support. Coming out taught me a lot about forgiveness. I learned to understand that a person’s upbringing and environment can give them a certain viewpoint, but this viewpoint can change. My family is another issue. It’s pretty obvious to them that I’m gay, but they pretend not to notice for their own sanity. As for when I will have that conversation with them, that’s a story yet to be told. I don’t let my family’s ignorance affect me too much, however. My sexuality is common knowledge to pretty much everyone who knows me. Besides, I’m writing this article, aren’t I? The girl I was two years ago would be amazed at who I am today. I went to my first Pride parade this summer, post pictures with my girlfriend constantly and even have a super embarrassing rainbow tattoo on my ankle. Coming out is a journey that I almost didn’t think I had the courage to embark on, but I can’t imagine a life now in which I didn’t.





Still, he recorded his fourth straight game with an interception. On the fifth offensive play of the game, Russo overthrew Jones by 10 yards into the waiting arms of ECU senior defensive back Corey Seargent for his sixth interception of the year. “That’s just on my part, stupid,” Russo said. “He was double-covered. I just got to come off it and check it down or tuck it and run for a couple of yards and get a positive play.” “[Russo] is a really resilient kid,” offensive coordinator Dave Patenaude said. “He has a lot of confidence in himself, and he has a lot of confidence in what we’re doing. And he did a really good job bouncing back.” After Russo’s interception on Saturday, Temple scored 28 consecutive points on its way to victory. Russo threw for 117 yards and two touchdowns on the three drives after his turnover. Temple didn’t flinch after the initial turnover. Patenaude said he knew the Owls’ offense would be successful because of ECU’s defensive scheme. “[ECU] played a lot of soft coverage,” Patenaude said. “What you saw today was just basic day-one install. That is the stuff we put in the first day we got here, it is stuff we have run all summer. And we were hitting hitches and rollovers and when they were coming up and [pressing] us, we would just throw it over their heads.” The Owls’ wide receivers stepped up on Saturday. Graduate student Ventell Bryant, who was injured during practice last week, had his snaps limited and managed one catch for 6 yards. Redshirt-sophomore wide receiver Freddie Johnson left the team during the week due to a family medical emergency. Johnson later returned, but missed too many days of practice to play on Saturday. Temple receivers didn’t drop any passes against ECU. Eleven different players caught passes from Russo and redshirt freshman Todd Centeio. Russo threw four touchdown passes to four different wide receivers, marking the first time an Owls quarterback did so since Phillip Walker against Southern

GENEVA HEFFERNAN / THE TEMPLE NEWS Redshirt-senior fullback Rob Ritrovato celebrates after the Owls’ 49-6 win over East Carolina on Saturday at Lincoln Financial Field.

Methodist in November 2015. Freshman wide receiver Sean Ryan led the Owls with 57 yards and caught his first career touchdown. “The receivers took it upon themselves,” Wright said. “When we are making plays, it makes it easier for the rest of the team to do what they gotta do.” With less than eight minutes left in the first quarter, Ryan was wide open for a 24-yard touchdown, to give Temple their first score of the game. As the Owls led, 7-0, ECU sent out its offense on fourth-and-1 looking to convert. Freshman backup quarterback Holton Ahlers attempted a run up the middle where junior linebacker Shaun Bradley made the initial hit to slow Ahlers. Senior safety Delvon Randall followed Bradley to bring Ahlers down short of the first down. Coach Geoff Collins gave credit to defensive coordinator Andrew Thacker for the “good call” on the fourth down stop. “Our guys executed the call as a de-

fense we’ve never run before,” Collins said. “We knew it was wired from that formation with that quarterback in that situation and the defense made a huge game-changing play to give our offense the ball at their end.” Six minutes later, with the Owls at the 7-yard line, Russo targeted redshirt-sophomore wide receiver Branden Mack in the end zone. He leaped over Seargent for the catch to give Temple a 14-0 lead. Less than one minute into the second quarter, senior running back Ryquell Armstead scored a 1-yard touchdown. Two minutes later after an ECU three-and-out, Wright stood on the Temple 35-yard line awaiting a punt. Wright fielded the punt at the 41yard line and returned it 59 yards for a touchdown to make the game 28-0 with just less than 13 minutes left to play in the first half. His score marked the sixth consecutive game in which Temple scored a non-offensive touchdown. Redshirt senior Freddie Booth-

Lloyd, a 330-pound defensive tackle Collins calls “Freddie Love,” scored his second rushing touchdown of the season with 8:34 remaining in the fourth quarter to put the Owls up 49-6. Wright’s punt return and BoothLloyd’s score in the fourth quarter exemplified the Owls’ strongest asset as a team, which is their versatility, Collins said. “That’s a huge part of what we do, just a lot of guys playing different positions,” Collins said. “Freddie Love with another touchdown, he’s playing nose guard for us and does a tremendous job on defense and then comes over and plays offense. [Redshirt-sophomore defensive tackle] Dan Archibong is our starting three-tech and he comes in and plays tight end in short-yardage situations.” @TTN_Sports



Freshman traveled country to play beach, indoor volleyball Tyler Lindgren’s experience helped her earn significant playing time this season. BY TAYLOR SNYDER Volleyball Beat Reporter Growing up, Tyler Lindgren would run to her bedroom after school and practice setting a volleyball against her wall for hours at a time. The Windsor, Colorado native started playing club volleyball at age 9 for Northern Colorado Volleyball Club. She constantly wanted to be surrounded by the sport, so she began playing beach volleyball at age 10 to stay involved in the club offseason. Lindgren competed regularly in beach tournaments in Hermosa Beach, California. She has traveled to cities like Indianapolis, Minneapolis, Las Vegas, Oklahoma City, and Salt Lake City to participate in beach and indoor volleyball competitions. She learned to differentiate her skills because in beach volleyball, there are two people on each side of the net, unlike indoor volleyball’s seven on each side. “In beach, you have to do everything,” Lindgren said. “You can’t rely on teammates to help you out, you’re always touching the ball and you have to be on all the time.” In early 2017, coach Bakeer Ganesharatnam watched Lindgren play in two games during a club tournament in Atlanta. After Ganesharatnam sat in on a third game, he approached Lindgren with the idea of her attending Temple. The two stayed in touch leading up to November 2017, when Lindgren signed a National Letter of Intent to attend Temple. She also received offers from the University of California San Diego and Yale University. “Coach and I had a lot of really good interactions before I even came to visit,” Lindgren said. “It was very different from other schools that reached out to

@TTN_Sports @TheTempleNews

MICHAEL NGUYEN / THE TEMPLE NEWS Freshman setter Tyler Lindgren serves the ball in Temple’s 3-0 loss to the University of Maryland on Sept. 14 at McGonigle Hall.

me, and I really liked the opportunity to play in a big city for a really good team.” Lindgren said she was never very tall growing up, which led her coaches to position her at setter, where she still plays today for Temple. As a freshman, she started 13 of the Owls’ 17 matches and is ranked second on the team in assists. Ganesharatnam said the setter is one of the “most important positions” in volleyball because it demands frequently touching the ball and constant communication with teammates. Last season, the Owls graduated setter Kyra Coundourides – who recorded more than 3,000 assists at Virginia Tech and Temple. Lindgren has seen significant playing time filling Coundourides’ shoes. Lindgren appeared in all of Temple’s matches this season and compiled 334 assists, 116 digs, and a 29.4 hitting percentage. Lindgren had a career-high

30 assists in the Owls’ 3-2 win against Houston on Sept. 21. “As a high school player, it is very hard to adjust to the speed of the college game but we think she has done a tremendous job this season,” Ganesharatnam said. “I think she has everything she needs to be a top setter in this conference.” “I really enjoyed the strategy of the game and all of the responsibilities that came with being a setter,” Lindgren said. “Once I started to play that position a lot, I really had no desire to play any other position.” Lindgren played in the 12-year-old division of NORCO Volleyball Club when she was nine. She said older competition came with challenges, but it developed her as a player faster than a lot of players her age. After playing for NORCO Volleyball Club, Lindgren played for The Diff, a club team founded by her aunt Trisha

Kroll in Colorado. Lindgren was a standout player for her aunt’s club, earning the Girls’ Junior National Championship USA All-Tournament Team Award in 2017. Kroll was a setter at the University of Kansas. Lindgren’s cousin, Eva Linden, is a senior outside hitter at Southern Methodist, which the Owls lost to in conference play on Sept. 23 Family was Lindgren’s motivation to play volleyball. “I have a lot of personal goals for myself on the court, but my ultimate goal would be to get us to the postseason every year,” Lindgren said. “I hate losing so whatever I can do to help us win as much as possible would definitely be my top goal.” @TaylorSnyder_01




Coach brings important experience as player, mentor tor to people around me.”

ordinator at Jacksonville University in

career, for the Owls’ game against the Bulls. In his time with USF, Marshall saw NCAA Tournament action five times, twice as a player and three times as a coach. When he was a player, South Florida went to the Sweet 16 in 2007 and then the Elite Eight in 2008. “I’ll always be a fan of USF, but ultimately, on game day, when we’re down there playing USF, I want to beat them just like anybody else,” Marshall said. “I’m a Temple Owl through and through. It’s where I’m at, it’s what I am and ultimately, it’s where I see myself in the next few years.” Marshall, hired by Temple in February, brings seven years of Division I coaching experience to the Owls. He most recently served as recruiting co-

that I trust in the coaching community,” coach Brian Rowland said. “He’s been a great addition to the staff, not only in the areas that I thought he would bring value but in all areas. So it’s been a really, really good addition.” After graduating in 2010, Marshall was the assistant director of soccer operations at USF for three seasons beginning in 2011. His soccer knowledge and experience allows Marshall to connect with a team looking to reach the tournament that he has been a part of many times, Rowland said. Rowland initially zeroed in on Marshall because of his recruiting skills and experience. “It’s always important to have experience that the players can relate to and vice versa,” Rowland said. “I think an

The Owls will head to South On Friday, Marshall will return to Florida. Florida Friday to face the South Florida, where he ended his col“[Marshall] was a guy that came very assistant coach’s alma mater. legiate career and started his coaching highly recommended from some people BY MAURA RAZANAUSKAS Men’s Soccer Beat Reporter Armante’ Marshall’s mother always thought her son would grow up to be a teacher. Her prediction was not too far off. Had he become a teacher, Marshall believes he would have taught Spanish because he speaks it fluently – or at least “un poquito.” But Marshall does not teach a language, nor is he in the classroom. Instead, he teaches on the soccer pitch. “It kind of goes hand-in-hand,” said Marshall, a Temple University assistant men’s soccer coach. “I’ve always been a nurturer in essence, and I’ve been a men-

added bonus is he knows the conference, and he knows some of the places, coming from South Florida.” Not only has Marshall proven himself to be an asset in recruiting, but also he acts as a mentor for the team. Marshall played on the left wing in the midfield at South Florida, and he was also a sprinter on the track and field team before he graduated in 2010. His experience as an athlete helps him understand the players’ points of view, senior midfielder Hermann Doerner said. “He knows when he needs to talk to us, when he needs to be stricter with us,” Doerner said. “He knows when we can have fun, so it’s actually really good, really helpful.” @captainAMAURAca

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Temple hoping to be ‘fresher’ after 10-day break The team is using its long break to heal and prepare for its final five conference games. BY ALEX MCGINLEY Women’s Soccer Beat Reporter Temple University women’s soccer team finished last season with a fourgame losing streak to spoil its hopes of making the American Athletic Conference postseason tournament. With five games remaining, Temple (6-7, 2-2 The American) hopes to be one of the top six teams in the league to qualify for the conference tournament, which starts on Oct. 31. The Owls last played on Sept. 30, when they beat South Florida, 1-0. The win against USF, which was ranked 19th in the United Soccer Coaches poll, was the Owls’ first win over a ranked opponent since 1995. Temple is in the midst of a 10-day stretch without a game which will end Thursday when the team travels to Ohio to face conference opponent Cincinnati (6-7-2, 1-4-1 The American). “This team is so focused right now,” O’Connor said. “We’re providing the groundwork, but these ladies right now have worked so hard. We’ve worked harder this week than we would have if we had a game.” O’Connor thinks the team’s high level of competition will give it successful results as the Owls aim to win their final five games and finish first in The American. But Temple will have to avoid the pitfalls it experienced earlier in the season to do so. Temple defeated the University of Maryland, a Big Ten Conference team, on Aug. 31, but lost four consecutive games after the win. Sophomore forward Emma Wilkins said the Owls cannot repeat what happened after the win against Maryland if they want to make the conference tournament. “We definitely can’t let [beating USF] get to our heads because our win

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against Maryland was extremely big as well,” Wilkins said. “This time, we definitely have to play our game and play how we want to play and not how any other team wants to play.” In those games, Temple will play Cincinnati and East Carolina on the road, then host Tulsa, Memphis, and Connecticut. Memphis is in first place with a 4-0 conference record, Houston is in second with 10 points and three teams are tied with nine. The Owls are tied with ECU and Tulsa with six points. Cincinnati and UConn are below Temple in The American’s standings. The long break between games gives Temple a chance to rest. O’Connor gave his team two days off last week so it can focus on school work and getting

healthy, but practiced hard the rest. The Owls see the break as an advantage heading into their final five games. “They understood that [the break] came at a perfect time,” O’Connor said. “We had the season broken up into mini-seasons. They were already focused. They were kind of relieved to get the [USF] game over with because they knew it was the end of one season and then we were going to prepare for the next run.” This past week, the Owls had their best week of practice O’Connor’s eightyear tenure as an assistant and head coach, he said. Junior goalkeeper Morgan Basileo said the practices have become more intense because the team isn’t preparing for any imminent games.

“It’s nice, but it’s also nice to keep a rhythm,” Basileo said. “We’re so used to having our games and the way we practice and have our schedule set up.” “The girls are fighting to hold on to their spot because there’s someone behind them,” O’Connor said. “ There’s so much competition right now. Getting rest before we head to Cincinnati and East Carolina is huge. We will hopefully be a little fresher.” @mcginley_alex

LUKE SMITH / THE TEMPLE NEWS Sophomore midfielder Julia Dolan (right) steals the ball from South Florida junior defender Aubrey Megrath during the Owls’ 1-0 overtime win against USF on Sept. 30 at the Temple Sports Complex.



‘Game-changing play’ seals historic win


Temple’s 49-6 win on Saturday over East Carolina was the Owls’ biggest margin of victory over a Football Bowl Subdivision school in program history.



emple University’s football team made a statement in its historic win against American Athletic Conference opponent East Carolina (2-3, 0-2 The American) on Saturday at Lincoln Financial Field. The Owls’ (3-3, 2-0 The American) offense and defense played their best game of the season in a 49-6 rout of ECU. Temple’s win against the Pirates marked its largest margin of victory against a Football Bowl Subdivision school in program history. Temple’s defense did not allow a touchdown and forced ECU’s offense into seven three-and-outs. The Owls held the Pirates to 120 yards passing and 76 yards rushing with 53 yards coming on a single run in the fourth quarter. Redshirt-sophomore quarterback Anthony Russo finished the game with 254 yards, four touchdowns and completed 21 of 25 passes. He had as many touchdowns as he did incompletions on the day. He connected with junior wide receivers Randle Jones and Isaiah Wright for 31-yard and 19-yard touchdown passes, respectively. ECU coach Scottie Montgomery said Temple simply “outcoached” him. With the win, Temple remains one of three East Division teams that are 2-0 in conference play. The Owls will face the other two teams — Cincinnati and Central Florida — back to back on Oct. 20 and Nov. 1. BIG WIN | PAGE 20 GENEVA HEFFERNAN / THE TEMPLE NEWS East Carolina defenders attempt to tackle redshirt-senior fullback Rob Ritrovato in Temple’s 49-6 win on Saturday at Lincoln Financial Field.

Profile for The Temple News

Vol. 97 Iss. 7  

Oct. 9, 2018

Vol. 97 Iss. 7  

Oct. 9, 2018


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