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VOL. XXXIII • NO. 335 • 3 SECTIONS 16 PAGES • P18 • WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, 2020 • •

Big bang signs: Cracks, quakes By Rio N. Araja


ISSURES were observed across a road connecting towns in Batangas province amid Taal Volcano’s seismic activities, an indication of a hazardous explosive eruption in hours or days to come, state seismologists said Tuesday.

“The intense seismic activity coupled likely signifies continuous magma inwith fissuring on the caldera region trusion beneath the Taal edifice, which

may lead to further eruptive activity,” the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said in a bulletin. The cracks were seen in Lemery town’s barangays Sinisian, Mahabang Dahilig, Palanas, Sangalang and Poblacion; Agoncillo’s Barangay Pansipit; Talisay’s barangays Poblacion 1, Poblacion 2, Poblacion 3 and Poblacion 5, and San Nicolas’ Barangay Poblacion.

A crack was also spotted along the interconnecting road of Agoncillo and Laurel. Some of them led right through houses, disrupting their floors and foundations and forcing residents to seek safer ground. PHIVOLCS director Renato Solidum said the intrusion of magma into the Taal edifice had produced the fissures.


residents of the nearby vehement volcano walk past wooden boats Monday after its initial eruption, with lava and broad columns of ash illuminated by lightning spewed from the active volcano (inset), grounding hundreds of flights in nearby Metro Manila as authorities warned of a possible ‘explosive eruption.’ AFP

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Du30 assures funds enough to help victims

40,000 people bear brunt of Taal eruption

By MJ Blancaflor, Maricel V. Cruz and Macon Ramos-Araneta

By Francisco Tuyay, MJ Blancaflor and Macon Ramos-Araneta

PRESIDENT Rodrigo Duterte has assured the public that the government has enough funds and resources to help those affected by the eruption of Taal Volcano. The President on Monday also said all government resources were brought

MORE than 40,000 people or about 9,500 families living near Taal Volcano in Batangas and the nearby province of Cavite who depend on fishing, farming and livestock for a living are among the hardest hit by the renewed volcanic activity that began Sunday. The evacuees, 36,937 from the province of Batangas and 3,815 from Tagaytay City and Alfonso town in Cavite, are housed in 198 different shelters.

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Sanctions up vs. hoarding, overpricing

STRAINED SIGHT. Evacuees from towns affected by Taal’s eruption queue up at an evacuation center in Tanauan, Batangas on Tuesday. Authorities said the volcano could spew out lava and ash for weeks, leaving thousands in limbo after fleeing their homes in fear of a massive eruption. AFP

Ashfall destroys P578m in coffee, other cash crops, livestock and infra

By MJ Blancaflor MALACAÑANG on Tuesday appealed to those affected by the eruption of Taal Volcano to cooperate with the authorities and to use masks to protect themselves from hazardous ashfall. Presidential Spokesman Salvador Panelo said those in Batangas and other nearby areas classified by authorities as Next page

By Othel V. Campos, Rio N. Araja and Joel E. Zurbano THE damage from Taal Volcano’s eruption has reached P577.59 million in crops and livestock, with coffee growers hardest hit at P74 million in damages, the Department of Agricul-

ture estimated Tuesday. The department’s regional office in CALABARZON said the calamity affected 2,772 hectares of farm lands planted to coffee, rice, corn, cacao, banana and high-value crops and 1,967 head of livestock. On the other hand, the Bureau of Soils Next page

SURREALISTIC SCENE. Motorists passing by a cracked road-bridge in barangay Sinisian in Lemery, Batangas overlooking the Taal Volcano, with (inset) another household scarred with ugly cracks.

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Abandoned animals, pets

Story on A2




‘Taal shows need to be prepared’ U

NPREDICTABLE disasters affecting many people, like the sudden eruption of Taal Volcano in Batangas, demand greater preparation and unity of command, Rep. Joey Salceda said Tuesday.

“I think the eruption of Taal Volcano gives yet another reason for the establishment of this department,” Poe said. “We really need a department that has a mandate of focusing on preventing tragedy during a calamity, correct and timely response, and adequate and proper rehabilitation, including acceptable relocation of victims.” Salceda said Taal’s unpredictability was reflected by the rapid escalation of its Alert warning levels—from level 1 to 3 and to 4 in just a few hours. “Such unpredictability urgently demands unity of command,” he said. Warnings and information issuances on Taal’s eruption were com-

pounded by threats of earthquakes and tsunamis, and ashfalls reaching as far as Northern Luzon, demanding broader coordination with various government agencies. Phivolcs Bulletin No. 12, raising Taal’s Alert level from 3 to 4, recommended the total evacuation of residents of Taal Volcano Island and other areas deemed highly vulnerable to pyroclastic density currents and volcanic tsunami within a 14-kilometer radius from Taal’s main crater. It advised areas in the north side of Taal Volcano to guard against heavy and prolonged ashfall, which have actually reached Northern Luzon. Macon Ramos-Araneta

He said such disasters were precisely what the proposed Department of Disaster Resilience was designed to address. Salceda, who principally authored the DDR bill and heads the House ways and means committee, said the recent calamities that hit the country, including Taal’s current eruption, “clearly show us the necessity of placing under the DDR both Phivolcs and PAGASA, two vital government warning agencies.”

Salceda made his statement even as Senator Grace Poe again underscored the need for a permanent disaster management department as several areas in southern Luzon grappled with the impact of the Taal Volcano eruption. Poe said it was time the Philippines had a Department of Disaster Resilience and Emergency Assistance and Management, which she is pushing in her Senate Bill 124 that she filed last year.

Ashfall... From A1

PETA comes to rescue of abandoned animals

and Water Management said the volcanic activity also contributes to the “birth of soil” as it renews and replenishes the nutrients and improves soil fertility in the medium to long term. The department said it would distribute some P21.7 million worth of aid to 17 local government units in Batangas, including Agoncillo, San Nicolas, Talisay, Lemery, Laurel, Lipa City, San Jose, Nasugbu, Mataas na Kahoy, Balete, Cuenca, Alitagtag, Padre Garcia, Tanauan City, Malvar and Taal. This includes the provision of livestock for restocking and rice and corn seeds, high-value crops planting materials and other production inputs. The Bureau of Animal Industry will provide drugs and biologics for the affected livestock. Also, two trucks are available for animal rescue and evacuation. The Bureau of Plant Industry has a total of 5,000 coffee mother plants and 1,000 cacao seedlings ready for distribution. The Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources will prepare immediate assistance in the form of fingerlings— 7-million Tilapia fingerlings, 20,000 Ulang, 50,000 Hito, 100,000 Bighead Carp, and 5,000 Ayungin fingerlings that can be used once aquaculture operation in Taal Lake resumes. The bureau estimated that the production loss of 15,033 metric tons in the lake as a result of high sulphur content from the eruption could reduce the supply of tilapia in Metro Manila. The National Food Authority, meanwhile, has an initial stock of 168,758 bags of rice ready for distribution in areas affected by Taal’s eruption. In addition, the Agricultural Credit Policy Council will be providing an initial P30 million to the Rural Bank of Mt. Carmel as funds for the implementation of Survival and Recovery loan assistance that will benefit around 1,200 farmers and fishermen in Batangas. Also, the Philippine Crop Insurance Corp. has available funds to indemnify the affected insured farmers and fishermen. With Willie Casas

Sanctions... From A1 dangerous or “high-risk” should heed the call of the government to ensure their safety. “I am urging those who are watching to listen to government announcements in relation to your area and listen carefully because those will help you to ensure your safety,” Panelo said in a televised news conference. In related developments: • Health Secretary Francisco Duque III said sanctions will be imposed on hoarders and those who will jack up the prices of face masks, one of the protections used against ashfalls. Senator Aquilino Pimentel III said he had been receiving complaints about the sudden and excessive costs of face masks. • The Manila City government on Tuesday received 1,000 KN90 face masks from the Chinese Embassy. The masks were originally intended for Chinese Embassy officials, but the embassy decided to donate them to the City of Manila. Manila Mayor Francisco “Isko” Domagoso expressed his gratitude and guaranteed that the masks would be distributed to the victims of the Taal Volcano eruption. • As the supply of N95 masks thinned out, their prices also went up from P40 per piece to as high as P80 per piece on Tuesday morning. Unlike the situation on Monday, no more lines of people could be seen along Bambang Street in Manila as the supply of N95 masks ran out in some stores. Those that still had supplies were selling them for P100 apiece. • Justice department said no prisoners inside the New Bilibid Prison had experienced health problems as a result of the ashes belching out of Taal Volcano. With Macon Ramos-Araneta, Willie Casas and Rey E. Requejo

By Joel Zurbano and Francisco Tuyay

ANIMAL rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals has started rescuing animals left abandoned by their owners in the areas affected by Taal Volcano eruption. At press time, rescuers were in the evacuation zone surrounding the lake, giving food, water, and veterinary care to dogs, cats and other animals abandoned or taken to evacuation centers. PETA Asia rescuers will continue caring for the animals until they can be reunited with their owners or placed in safe shelters, the group said in a statement. The team also appealed to good samaritans near the area to donate cat and dog food, leashes, collars, face masks, medical supplies, and anything else that may be helpful.

Big bang... From A1 “A huge volume of magma may cause big eruptions,” he said. According to Ma. Antonia Bornas, PHIVOLCS’ Volcano Monitoring and Eruption Prediction Division chief, frequent earthquakes and fissuring “only shows there is big volume of magma intruding into the edifice that can cause a strong eruption.” “Right now, the cracks are not that big as that of the 1911, wherein after a strong eruption, there was a ground subsidence. There was then fissuring first before a large eruption, then the ground sank,” she said. Solidum, however, said the slowdown in Taal’s plume of ashes does not indicate the volcano has already calmed down. “People may say that there is lessened volcanic activity, but that [kind of thinking would] sometimes gives you a false sense of security, and that could be a reason why some of the people tend to go back. That is not our basis why we have raised Alert Level 4,” he said. “We are looking into more quakes [to happen],” Solidum added. Raymond Ordinario, senior weather forecaster at the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, said Taal Vol-

40,000 people... From A1 With the whole of Batangas province now under the state of calamity, inhabitants appealed for basic needs such as toothbrushes, underwear, clothes, potable water, blankets and food. A total of 286 tremors, 125 of which were felt in the Taal region, ranging from magnitude 1.2-4.1 and intensity of 1-V have already damaged some concrete and wooden dwellings surrounding the crater lake and added anxiety to those bracing for a bigger eruption. The municipalities near Taal Volcano—Lemery, Talisay, Balete, Agoncillo, Laurel, Malvar, Taal, Mataas na Kahoy, Bauan, City of Tanauan, San Pascual, Balayan, Batangas City, Sto Tomas and Calaca and Tagaytay City in Cavite—are severely affected by the recent eruptions. Meanwhile, data from the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative Program on Resilient Communities showed that most households surveyed in Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon do not have a disaster management plan specific to volcanic eruptions. The survey, conducted in 2017, also revealed that 75 percent of respondents do not have a “go bag” or a survival kit which contains food, water, clothing and important documents necessary to be brought during evacuation, even though 80 percent of them had discussed emergency plans as a family, and 22 percent said they had experienced volcanic eruptions in the past. Most of 624 households or 41 percent of those polled had cited the lack of money as the main barrier to disaster preparation.

Rescue teams were also trying to gain access to the area immediately surrounding Taal Volcano but are being blocked by authorities because of the dangerous nature of the situation, including the chance of an “explosive eruption,” in which magma is spewed into the sky. Some had managed to bring bigger animals like cows, carabaos and horses across the lake on their boats, but at least one photograph showed animal carcasses washing ashore in Batangas. Authorities believe all the animals in the area immediately surrounding the volcano likely died in the disaster. Rescuers have obtained a telescope to look for survivors and will continue trying to gain access to Taal Volcano in order to rescue any horses or other animals trapped there. “People living outside the Philippines can help by donating to the animal re-

lief effort, which will likely go on for several more days or weeks,” the group said in a statement. The dust particles emitted by the eruption of Taal Volcano has brought “environmental degradation” which destroys plants and wildlife and could even change the entire topography of Batangas province and the volcano itself, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council said. Plants and wildlife in Taal island are already dead following the release of ash and lava, the council said. Some 18,000 residents from the towns of Laurel, Balete, Talisay, San Nicolas, Agoncillo, Alitagtag, Mataas na Kahoy, Lemery and the cities of Tanauan and Lipa in Batangas have evacuated to government shelters leaving those areas— and their animals—in ghost towns, NDRRMC spokesman Mark Timbal said.

cano’s ash plumes will continue to trigger thunderstorm rains over its crater. “For as long as there are ashes, there would be rains within the crater,” he told the Manila Standard. “Nimbus clouds are formed when water vapor from the Taal Lake and the volcano’s ashes go up into the air. When these clouds get so full of water, the water falls as thunderstorm rains for about 30 minutes,” he said. “The rains will last for several months until there is eruption,” Ordinario added. The PAGASA forecaster also said Taal “is creating its own weather pattern. The volcano is driving the weather.” Bornas said the Taal eruption activity could last from three days to seven months. As it could spew lava and ash for weeks, the volcano’s activity has left thousands in limbo after they fled their homes fearing a massive eruption. The crater of the volcano exploded to life with towering clouds of ash and jets of red-hot lava on Sunday, forcing those living around the mountain south of Manila to flee to safety. Many residents abandoned livestock and pets as well as homes full of belongings after authorities sounded an alert warning that an “explosive eruption” could come imminently. Taal is one of the most active volcanoes in a nation hit periodically by

eruptions and earthquakes due to its location on the Pacific “Ring of Fire”—a zone of intense seismic activity. The Taal eruption has been putting on a stunning and terrifying display, with lightning crackling through its ash cloud in a poorly understood phenomenon that has been attributed to static electricity. Solidum said Taal’s previous eruptions have gone on for as long as months so it was impossible to predict an end to the current activity. However, he said the alert warning of a potentially catastrophic “explosive eruption” may remain in place for weeks, depending on developments. “We have a protocol of waiting for several days, sometimes two weeks, to make sure that indeed... volcano activity has essentially stopped,” he told Agence-France Presse. The volcano dramatically burst with activity on Sunday, shooting a massive column of ash two kilometers into the sky that then rained down on the region. Taal’s last eruption was in 1977, but it has a long history of activity. In 1965 the volcano, which is a popular tourist attraction set in a picturesque lake, killed some 200 people. The country’s most powerful explosion in recent years was the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, about 100 kilometers northwest of Manila, which killed more than 800 people. With AFP

This was followed by the lack of skills or knowledge (16 percent) and lack of time (15 percent). Physical disability and a feeling that disaster preparation was unnecessary were cited the least. More than half or 52 percent of the households in CALABARZON had medical insurance but life (21 percent), asset (3 percent), and home (2 percent) insurance were low. Most of the CALABARZON population thought children were the most vulnerable to disasters, followed by the elderly, poor people, and people with disabilities. In terms of infrastructure and facilities, seven in every 10 households surveyed felt their houses were the most vulnerable, followed by roads, schools, and farmland. The Department of Health yesterday said it has strengthened its support to its regional offices by augmenting resources in response to the recent Taal Volcano eruption. “We have sent drugs, medicines such as eye drops and asthma medication, medical supplies including N95 and surgical face masks, collapsible water containers and jerry cans, water purification tablets, and hygiene kits to CALABARZON and the National Capital Region,” Health Secretary Francisco Duque III said. He said additional logistical support would be delivered Wednesday. The DOH Central Office was placed on Code White Alert in light of Taal Volcano’s eruptive activity to maintain continuous coordination with the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, and DOH Centers for Health Development in CALABARZON and NCR. All hospital personnel are placed on standby for possible deployment.

DOH has also deployed its personnel to 139 evacuation centers and will continue to conduct Rapid Health Assessment in different affected municipalities in the region. Meanwhile, Code Blue Alert, which requires half of all hospital personnel to report for duty to provide medical assistance and services, has been raised in DOH Center for Health Development Region IV-A, including all its hospitals. On Tuesday, some Tagaytay City residents made plans to flee their homes after reading on social media that an Alert Level 5 had been raised over Taal Volcano. The NDRRMC denied those rumors, however. In Batangas, thick ash, slippery roads and the lack of equipment were preventing some residents from evacuating their homes, Vice Gov. Mark Leviste told Dobol B sa News TV. Appealing for help, Leviste said food was the primary item that the affected Batangas residents need. In its 6 a.m. update on Tuesday, the NDRRMC said 4,175 families or 18,187 individuals are being sheltered temporarily at 118 evacuation centers. The affected families came from 22 towns and three cities of Batangas and from Tagaytay City and Alfonso town in Cavite. About 2,869 families from Talisay in Batangas—one of the towns near Taal Volcano—had been evacuated to safer ground on Monday due to continuous volcanic activity. Talisay Police chief, Sr. Inspector Aldrin Baysa, said government forces and local government units continue to move affected families in Talisay town and neighboring municipalities to safer areas away from the volcano’s wrath. With PNA

Airlines back to normal operations By Joel E. Zurbano

THE major airlines started returning to normal operations at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport on Tuesday following minor disruptions at the facility caused by the Taal Volcano eruption last Sunday. “We are in the process of operating replacement flights on certain routes to assist the passengers affected by the recent cancellations, and in a few cases we are upgrading certain flights to larger-capacity wide-body aircraft to deal with the overflow of affected passengers,” said Cielo Villaluna, spokesman of Philippine Airlines. “Nearly all of our scheduled flights are operating regularly, although some with timing adjustments. It will take time to work through schedule recovery efforts as we redistribute the fleet, undertake rigorous additional inspections and maintenance checks of our Manila-based and Clark-based aircraft to ensure safety, and adjust to airport slotting constraints and airspace restrictions.” MIAA general manager Eddie Monreal has ordered the suspension of the daily maintenance closure of NAIA’S main runway to give way to recovery flight operations. Runway 06-24 undergoes de-rubberizing and de-greasing daily from 1:30 a.m to 3:30 a.m. A total of 516 flights were affected by the suspension of NAIA operations from 6 p.m. on Jan. 12 to 9 a.m. on Jan. 13. Out of this, 283 were arriving flights while 233 accounted for departures. Since the resumption of operations, 360 flights have already left and arrived via NAIA. PAL said it was compelled to cancel 15 flights—12 domestic and three international—scheduled Tuesday morning and arranged for a replacement flights.

Du30... From A1 to the affected areas and floated the possibility of giving free face masks to protect the public against hazardous ashfall. “All government resources have been brought there including human workers. We have anticipated it,” Duterte said in chance interview with reporters. Duterte said the distribution of face masks can be done through the help of the military and the police deployed in the affected areas. Duterte also warned those who hoard face masks and sell them at a higher price that their goods would be seized. The President also said he will visit the areas affected by the eruption despite his doctor’s warning that the ashfall might be bad for his lungs. “I want to go around. I want to visit all the affected areas. I’m warned by doctor to be careful,” he said, pointing to an air purifier around his neck. Pressed if he could still survey the affected areas despite the risks on his health, Duterte said: “I can eat that ashfall. I can even pee in Taal [Volcano].” The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology has raised Alert Level 4 over Taal Volcano, which means “hazardous eruption is possible within days.” PHIVOLCS also recommended evacuation of all residents within the 14-kilometer radius of the volcano due to “high risk to pyroclastic density currents and volcanic tsunami.” At least 10,000 residents have been evacuated in Batangas, Cavite and other areas. Suspension of classes at all levels and work in government in the province of Batangas remained in force on Tuesday due to the heightened activity of Taal Volcano. However, government work in the National Capital Region and Region 3, and CALABARZON (Region IV-A) resumed Tuesday. Speaker Alan Peter Cayetano on Tuesday directed specific committees of the House of Representatives to come up with a comprehensive rehabilitation plan to help the severely affected municipalities and cities in Batangas, Cavite and Laguna. The committees include House committees on disaster management, agriculture, tourism; and trade and industry. “We know that the local government units and other government agencies are already handling the rescue and relief operations so Congress can focus more on planning for the rehabilitation efforts,” Cayetano said in a statement.




Du30 hits PNP on costly traffic radars P By MJ Blancaflor

RESIDENT Rodrigo Duterte will order a probe on the Philippine National Police’s purported purchase of costly traffic radars for their operations, Malacañang said Tuesday, after the Chief Executive said he would remove the procurement powers of the police force due to the supposed anomaly. On Monday, Duterte bared that he had tasked Interior Secretary Eduardo Año to be in charge of the purchase of equipment and firearms of the 40,000 strong police force and said he expects “no corruption.” “Tinawagan ko si (I called up) Secretary Año. Sabi ko (I said), ‘Do not allow the police to procure. Ang opisina mo na ang mag-procure (Your office should handle procurement),” President

Duterte said. Duterte lamented about how the PNP spent P950,000 per unit of traffic radars when he could purchase the same type of device in Davao City for only P10,000 per unit. “I said I may be wrong. But certainly, P950,000 radar is just stupid because in Davao it’s only P10,000,” Duterte said in his speech before the Philippine Marine Corps in Taguig City.

Asked by Palace reporters if the President would probe the purchase, Presidential Spokesman Salvador Panelo said: “I suppose it goes without saying. When there is an anomaly, the investigation should be forthcoming.” However, it was unclear how Duterte’s another verbal order would work, especially that the PNP has its own procurement rules and systems specified by the law. In a chance interview after Duterte’s speech, he described as “abominable” how the PNP spent almost a million pesos to purchase traffic radars and expressed confidence there would be no corruption under Año’s helm. Duterte also floated the possibility of establishing a Bureau of Supply similar to a government office created during the term of former President Ferdinand Marcos, that would be mandated to track government procurement.

“Maybe I’ll create a Bureau of Supply. That would buy. Then I want everything to be listed. The tractor, what you want to buy, airplane, indicate the price. Use international pricing so it would be easy to determine how much. In public,” Duterte said. Duterte earlier gave Año the “blanket authority” to supervise the PNP, while Lt. Gen. Archie Gamboa stays as PNP officer-in-charge. The President said he was willing to provide the police force any equipment and firearms they needed as long as they asked. “Ako, maski anong hingiin ninyo, basta legal lang, ibibigay ko. Walang problema ‘yan (Me, whatever you ask for, as long as it’s legal, I’ll give it to you. No problem),” Duterte said. The PNP is currently led by Gamboa only in an acting capacity, following the early retirement of Oscar Albayalde in

Two Navy ships bound for ME to repatriate OFWs sent off PRESIDENT Rodrigo Duterte on Tuesday led the send-off rites of two Navy ships that are headed to the Middle East which will be used for the repatriation of Filipinos there amid the tension between Iran and the United States, as he expressed hopes that the military troops will be “successful” in their mission. The BRP Ramon Alcaraz (PS-16) and BRP Davao del Sur (LD-602) have been designated to spearhead the government’s efforts in repatriating distressed Filipino workers in the region. Around 1,000 troops from the Armed Forces of the Philippines will be deployed to assist in the repatriation. In a ceremony held at Port Area in Manila, the President called the trip a “sacred mission” meant to safeguard the lives of Filipinos working in the region. He also assured the troops that he will go there himself should the need arise and he will monitor their trip. “I pray that you will carry this mission successfully. I wish you luck. I’ll add with my prayers that the winds will sail you to the Middle East safely. I will keep track of every moment of your trip and I will be there in case you need me,” President Duterte said in his speech. Earlier in the day, Presidential Spokesman Salvador Panelo said sending ships was still necessary despite what appears to be a deescalation of conflict. “We don’t know exactly whether it will again escalate or de-escalate. So, to be certain that our people there are safe and secure, we will be sending these ships,” he told reporters in a briefing. On Monday, the Palace announced that 14 Filipinos from Iraq were repatriated by the Philippine government. MJ Biancaflor

Sabio to drop ICC case vs. President

NEW FIREARMS. President Rodrigo Roa Duterte leads the ceremonial turnover of firearms to the personnel of the Philippine Marine Corps at Fort Bonifacio in Taguig City on Jan. 13. Presidential Photo

Duterte slammed for P50k cash gifts to Marines PRESIDENT Rodrigo Duterte drew flak on social media for giving P50,000 each to Marine personnel who are celebrating their birthdays this month, as some social media users said the Chief Executive should prioritize helping thousands of people who were displaced due to Taal Volcano eruption. The President visited the Philippine Marine Corps on Monday to lead the turnover ceremony of military equipment and firearms. In the middle of his speech, he asked who among the audience would celebrate their birthdays this month. “I’ll give it to you as birthday gifts. That’s not for your girlfriends. Bring it to your children,” he said. “Give me a listing and I’ll try to send the money tonight or tomorrow. The latest is tomorrow. Fifty thousand for those who were born in the month of January,” Duterte added. Later in his speech, he said he was not

asking for the loyalty of the uniformed personnel. “I am not asking any loyalty. We remain—all of us—we remain loyal to the flag. And under that flag is the written Constitution,” President Duterte said. The cash doleout did not sit well with some social media users, and President Duterte emerged as one of the top trending topics on Twitter Monday night. Some also decried that the Department of Agriculture offered P25,000 loan assistance for farmers affected by the Taal eruption, but he gave cash to Marines personnel. “Duterte’s priotity is misplaced. Rather than helping the victims of Taal Volcano eruption, he distributed 50k each to Phil Marines’ birthday celebrants. Takot talagang makudeta,” said Twitter user @datumx11. Twitter user @piedrasplatas said: “50k birthday allowance—really really

shows who Duterte prioritizes at a time like this. Do I give money to constituents who are facing a calamity or to marines who will protect my ass??? Tough question.” “I support our troops but this ain’t right. I’m starting to believe that Duterte is afraid of something that he just give cash to the PNP and other branch of the AFP,” social media user @ARCruzOna said. Meanwhile, Duterte urged members of the Philippine Marine Corps to use their brand-new equipment and firearms to eliminate enemies of the state. Duterte issued the statement after turning over military equipment and firearms to members of the PMC to enhance its capabilities and heading the awarding ceremony of the Order of Lapu-Lapu with the ranks of Kampilan and Kamagi to soldiers who actively participated in the liberation of Marawi City. MJ Blancaflor

Digong ‘satisfied’ with Customs chief

OVERPRICED. DTI Undersecretary Ruth Castelo inspects medical stores that sell

overpriced N95 face mask that is priced at P50 while some stores resell for P80-P100 in Bambang St., Sta. Cruz, Manila. Norman Cruz

PRESIDENT Rodrigo Duterte on Monday night said he was “satisfied” with the performance of Customs Commissioner Rey Leonardo “Jagger” Guerrero amid reports that he was going to be replaced. In a media interview in Taguig City after an engagement with members of the Philippine Marine Corps, Duterte denied reports that there was a new Customs chief set to replace Guerrero. “I’m satisfied with General Guerrero and he stays there,” Duterte said. He admitted that there were still some complaints against the Bureau of Customs (BOC), but was determined to discuss them with the former chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). “There are still some complaints, so I’ll talk to him (Guerrero). Lalo na ‘yung mga tao na sinabi ko na paalisin na niya (Especially the people who I asked him to

fire). Some of them are lingering there,” Duterte said. He did not identify the personnel of what he previously described as a “corruption-ridden agency.” “So sabihin ko kay Jagger, alisin mo na ‘yan kasi ‘yan ‘yung mga tao na who have been there for 25 years, 20 years, puro corruption ang ginawa (So I’ll tell Jagger, remove them there because they’re the people who have been there for 25 years and did nothing but corruption),” he added. Reports indicated that Guerrero would supposedly be replaced by Davao-based businessman William D.J. Lima, who was earlier appointed as special envoy to China. However, Cabinet Secretary Karlo Nograles said that there was “no specific instruction yet” about Lima’s supposed appointment. PNA

Rody mulls regulating number of POGOs to reduce possibility of corruption PRESIDENT Rodrigo Duterte is considering regulating the number of Philippine Offshore Gaming Operators in the country. In an exclusive interview with ABSCBN, the President believes imposing restrictions on POGOs would reduce the high cases of corruption, extortion, and kidnapping linked to the operations of online gaming. “It’s a game for the overseas Chinese, but the thing is, this kind of, especially gambling, breeds so many things: corruption, increase in crimes of extortion

November last year. Albayalde’s departure came after he was linked to the “ninja cops” corruption scandal. The President, meanwhile, warned other government agencies against using public funds for personal gain. “It’s a warning, lahat ng mga opisina (to all offices). If you will keep on f****** the people’s money, I will remove the procurement powers sa inyo (in your office),” Duterte said. “Gusto ko ilista lahat. ‘Yung tractor, kung anong gusto mong p***** i**** bilhin, eroplano, ilagay mo ‘yung presyo. ‘Yung international pricing para malaman ko kaagad kung magkano (I want everything listed. The tractor, what you want to buy, airplane, indicate the price. Use international pricing so it would be easy to determine how much). In public,” Duterte said. With PNA

and kidnapping,” President Duterte said in an interview aired by dzMM on Monday. “If you add more to this number, presently operating, you will not be able to police them all. So you have to set a number for that. It cannot be in every town and city about so many POGO games going on,” he added. There are around 60 POGOs operating in the country, according to the data from the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corp. On Nov. 23, 2019, Duterte imposed a three-day deadline for delinquent POGOs

to settle their tax liabilities after the Finance department estimated P2 billion in withholding taxes from foreigners working in the gaming sector. From January to August 2019, the Bureau of Internal Revenue collected P1.63 billion in withdrawing taxes from POGOS. Meantime, records from the Philippine National Police-Anti-kidnapping Group showed that there were six POGO-related kidnappings from January to November 2019. In October 2019, the National Bureau

of Investigation rescued 91 Chinese and four Filipino women from a karaoke bar in Makati City that served as sex den for Chinese clients. This prompted Gabriela Party-list Rep. Arlene Brosas to file House Resolution 604 in December last year, seeking a congressional inquiry on the proliferation of prostitution rings catering to POGO workers. Despite the incidents, Duterte in September 2019 said POGO operations will continue because “it is good for the country.” PNA

A LAWYER who sued President Rodrigo Duterte before the International Criminal Court for allegedly committing crimes against humanity for his bloody war against illegal drugs decided to withdraw his communication. Jude Sabio, who was the lawyer of confessed hitman Edgar Matobato, said that he has written a letter to ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda manifesting his intention “to withdraw my earlier ICC communication.” “I am set to submit it personally with the ICC anytime soon,” Sabio confirmed, in a text message. Lawyer Larry Gadon, who claimed that he assisted Sabio for “moral support,” was the first to provide the information to media. Pertinent portion of the letter that Gadon sent to reporters indicated that Sabio is asking the ICC prosecutor to erase his communication from the ICC record. Rey E. Requejo

Galvez, Esperon hit over CASER dismissal NATIONAL Security Adviser Hermogenes Esperon Jr. and Presidential Peace Adviser Carlito Galvez were slammed by the National Democratic Front of the Philippines on Tuesday for dismissing the Comprehensive Agreement on Social and Economic Reforms. The CASER is a joint agreement between the Philippine government and NDFP on social and economic reforms. Galvez dismissed the CASER as obsolete and irrelevant. Esperon, on the other hand, claimed that the agreement will turn the Philippines into a socialist state. “Their commentaries are, at the very least, grossly misinformed,” the NDFP said in a statement. The leftist organization said they and the government both crafted their own versions of the CASER and arrived at a mutually agreedupon draft.

Chinese, Korean fugitives deported THE Bureau of Immigration ordered the deportation of four arrested fugitives from China and South Korea who are all wanted for fraud by authorities in their country. Ordered deported were three Chinese identified as Lin Wengao, Zhang Sen, and Zhang Gaosheng who are all wanted for economic crimes, while the Korean, national Woo Yong Wook, is wanted for fraud by authorities in Seoul. Immigration Commissioner Jaime Morente said the three Chinese were arrested in separate operations by agents from the bureau’s fugitive search unit in the cities of Manila and Pasay. Woo, on the other hand, was nabbed in Malate, Manila. All of them are undocumented aliens as their passports were already canceled by their respective governments. “We will deport them immediately and they will be included in our blacklist to make sure that they won’t return to the Philippines,” Morente said. Vito Barcelo




A year of violence

Adelle Chua, Editor


of the Philippines’ richest regions—Metro Manila, Southern Luzon, and Central Luzon. Phivolcs thinks Taal Volcano has not yet erupted. It predicts a worst-case scenario— an eruption lasting seven months. Per Philvolcs data, Taal has had several violent eruptions in the past, causing masJAN. 2020 presages quite possibly a decade sive destruction and 6,000 deaths. of violence, disasters, and uncertainty. With its proximity to populated areas It began with the Jan. 3 drone killing of and its eruptive history, Taal has been desMajor General Qassem Suleimani (Wiki- ignated a Decade Volcano, worthy of close pedia spells his name Soleimani). study to prevent future natural disasters. The early-morning murder of Suleimani All volcanoes of the Philippines are part of was followed by the Jan. 8 early morning the Pacific Ring of Fire. Iranian missile attack on Iraq’s sprawlAccording to Phivolcs, Taal is a coming al-Asad base which houses Ameri- plex volcano in the province of Batangas. can troops fighting ISIS. In two hours of It is the second most active volcano in the Wednesday last week, at least 11 missiles Philippines and has erupted at least 34 were fired which killed not a single US times in 445 years. soldier. A 12th missile unfortunately hit These eruptions are concentrated on a Ukraine International Airlines flight six Volcano Island, an island near the midminutes after takeoff from the Teheran In- dle of Taal Lake. The lake partially fills ternational Airport. All 176 passengers and Taal Caldera, which was formed by precrew were killed. historic eruptions between 140,000 and After denying it 5,380 BP. had to do with the Viewed from the Jan. 8 crash of the Tagaytay Ridge in US-made Boeing Cavite, Taal VolcaPhivolcs predicts a 737, the Iranian govno and Lake presernment admitted on worst-case scenario—an ents one of the most Jan. 11 it shot down picturesque and the airliner by mis- eruption lasting seven attractive views in take and profusely months. the Philippines. It is apologized. located about 50 kiA statement from lometers (31 miles) the Iranian military south of the capital said that the plane was mistaken for a of the country, the city of Manila. “hostile target” by Iranian forces who were Taal Volcano and lake are wholly loat the “highest level of readiness.” cated in the province of Batangas. The Amirali Hajizadeh, a senior Iranian northern half of Volcano Island falls Revolutionary Guards commander, ac- under the jurisdiction of the lake shore cepted full responsibility for the “human town of Talisay, and the southern half to error.” San Nicolas. The other communities that Iran’s Foreign Minister Javad Zarif encircle Taal Lake include the cities of blamed the U.S. for Iran’s mistake. “Hu- Tanauan and Lipa, and the municipaliman error at time of crisis caused by US ties of Talisay, Laurel, Agoncillo, Santa adventurism led to disaster,” he tweeted. Teresita, Alitagtag, Cuenca, Balete and Nearer home, 50 kilometers south of Mataas na Kahoy. Manila, while the entire archipelago was Permanent settlement on the island is enjoying a quiet and sunny Sunday (Jan. prohibited by the Philippine Institute of 12), Taal Volcano suddenly erupted, at Volcanology and Seismology or Phivolcs, past 2 p.m. But it was not until 7:30 p.m. declaring the whole Volcano Island as a that the state-run agency, the Philippine high-risk area and a Permanent Danger Institute of Volcanology and Seismolo- Zone (PDZ). Despite the warnings, poor gy, acknowledge intense volcanic activ- families have settled on the island, risking ity and raised Alert Level 4—hazardous their lives, earning a living by fishing and eruption imminent, from the Alert Level farming crops from the rich volcanic soil. The crater lake on Volcano Island is the 3 (magmatic unrest) issued at 4 p.m. of largest lake on an island in a lake on an Sunday, Jan. 12. In other words, Phivolcs, to me, was island in the world. Moreover, this lake slow to recognize an eruption of Taal that contains Vulcan Point, a small rocky isbegan at 2:30 p.m. of Sunday, Jan. 12. This land that projects from the surface of the despite Taal spewing ash, steam, and rocks crater lake, which was the remnant of the up to 15 km up into the skies that weekend. old crater floor that is now surrounded by The consequence: Millions of Filipi- the 2-kilometer (1.2 mi) wide lake, now renos failed to prepare themselves from an ferred to as the Main Crater Lake. Vulcan Point is often cited as the largest insidious ashfall that traveled 150 kms to the north and northeast, past Pampanga third-order island (island in a lake on an province. The ashfall could prove deadly island in a lake on an island) in the world, in the long run. The ashfall is not just though this is also claimed to be true of an plain dust or ash. It includes rocks (as unnamed Canadian island located within big as two inches in diameter) and bits of Victoria Island. Taal has an island within a lake, that is gritty glass which if inhaled could damon an island within a lake, that is on an age one’s internal organs. Says the National Geographic: “Ash island within the sea: Vulcan Point Island can pollute water supplies, damage elec- is within Main Crater Lake, which is on tronic infrastructure, smother agriculture, Volcano Island. After the 1977 eruption, Taal has and kill off farm animals and pets. It can also kill people if they inhale enough of shown signs of unrest since 1991, with it; breathing in glassy ash is always bad, strong seismic activity and ground fracbut people with pre-existing respiratory turing events, as well as the formation of ailments are most at risk, as are the very small mud pots and mud geysers on parts of the island. young and the elderly.” Some 25 million live within a 100-kilometer radius of the volcano, covering three

Spewing ash


HAT’S happening in Taal Volcano took Filipinos by surprise. What started as a typical, relaxed, quiet Sunday became a day of emergency at worst and worry at best, with the alert level for Taal being raised from Level 2 (where it had been since 2018) to Level 4 in the span of just a day. An explosive eruption remains imminent, marked with continuous magmatic and hydrovolcanic activity. Lava fountains generated 800-meter tall dark gray steam-laden plumes, reported the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. New fissures or cracks were observed in numerous places, and volcanic quakes continue to be felt. “The intense seismic activity coupled with fissuring on the caldera region likely signifies continuous magma intrusion beneath the Taal edifice, which may lead to further eruptive activity,” Phivolcs announced. Amid the actual and impending danger and displacement, it is astounding that the tragedy appears to bring out the

bad side of some Filipinos. Masks—surgical or the special N95 kind—quickly ran out of stock. There were anecdotal reports of individuals buying too many masks for their families, indifferent to the fact that others are equally, or more, in need of such protection. Others report buying them at much higher prices. Truth and accuracy also became a casualty at a time when people should be turning to facts for solace. Some people take the time and trouble to make memes and compose posts that needlessly occasion fear. For example, in a bid to highlight that many volcanoes are becoming active at the same time, they say Mayon Volcano is on

Alert Level 2 and Mt. Bulusan is on Alert Level 1. Both are true, but this has been the case since March 2018 and May 2019, respectively. There was a post that urged people to turn off their mobile phones during specific hours because of supposed radiation. Another warned of a magnitude 7.8 earthquake in 15 cities that would occur today, January 15. Some claimed the foundation of a popular mall had become inundated with water from Manila Bay and might collapse. What is astounding is that people forward or share these posts, perhaps with the intention of being helpful to others, but instead causing confusion and disinformation. These are precarious times and citizens and the government alike should focus on minimizing the damage from this natural disaster. We don’t even know how long the ordeal will last. The last thing we need is unnecessary noise made by those who should know better, but choose not to.


AFTER days of balmy weather, Sunday was cool and pleasant here in Taipei. The sun did not shine, but there was little of the wind chill. It was a perfect day for walking. In the morning, I met with the newly elected officers of the Federation of Filipino Communities (Filcom), that aggregation of Filipinos living in different parts of Taiwan. It was the morning after elections here, and we were discussing the results, where incumbent Pres. Tsai Ing-wen trounced the KMT’s Mayor Han Kuo-yu. We speculated on how mainland China would react. As it was nearing lunch time, I texted my executive assistant if he was good for a bowl of Japanese ramen in a favorite hole in the wall which serves the best in Taipei that we have so far tried. But after waiting for some 20 minutes looking for parking in the downtown vicinity, we gave up and instead proceeded to the Filipino weekend quartier in the Zhongshan district, where we had good old nilagang baka, plus tortang talong and a sinful plate of lechon kawali. Our driver added chopsuey to temper the meaty fare. Feeling heavy afterwards, we decided

to leave the car in the parking lot and take coffee somewhere. With a nearby coffee shop full, we walked farther and farther, with my assistant taking me to small alleys with quaint boutique shops and more holes in the wall serving anything from exotic Taiwanese fare to Italian pasta to an artisanal burger café, which is where we stopped for freshly roasted coffee.

It gets sillier. For some strange reason, we talked about whether there was jueteng in Taiwan, considering the number of Filipinos residing here mostly as OFWs, 160,000 strong, from the time I began my assignment here in 2016, when there were some 130,000 kababayans. I mentioned that there are tupadas in Italy and jueteng operations as well among Filipino communities there, but somehow none in Taiwan. That got us into the non-academic discussion of the possible etymological origins of the word jueteng. First my assistant said it must have Chinese origins, because the word sounds Sinitic. But I corrected him and speculated that the word has Hispanic origins, the first three letters an abbreviation of

juego which means game. But where does “teng” come into the picture? That got us into the rather silly speculative talk of whether the Filipino pasttime was started or invented by a certain Vicente, which with our penchant for nicknames, was shortened to Teng. Thus, juego de Vicente becomes jueteng. On a lazy Sunday afternoon, sipping coffee or walking through Taipei’s beautiful tree-lined parks and stopping for some rest for tired legs, we reminisced about the jueteng brouhaha that resulted in the ouster of a president, my former boss and pareng Erap, and my assistant’s former boss, the taciturn Ping Lacson, the then PNP chief who went after the aficionados of the numbers game. I recalled one afternoon when then Executive Secretary Ronny Zamora recounted how angry the president was after Central and Southern Luzon governors complained to him about the PNP chief’s incessant raids on jueteng lairs. My assistant Gerry was then a reporter for Malaya and covered Camp Crame at the time. “Umaangal yung mga LGU’s kay Ping. Nawawalan daw ng hanap-buhay yung mga kubrador at kabo, at siyempre sila din,” Ronny said with trademark sarcasm. “Kaya pala hindi ko na nakikita si Ping sa guest house (the president’s office of choice instead of the rather gloomy ambiance of former President

FVR’s main Malacañang Palace offices). “Na-dog house,” I quipped. But the story of President Erap’s denouement from Malacañang to Veteran’s and thence to Tanay Hills is a long, long one, which sometime in the future I am wont to include in a book I plan to write. Not now. So back to the origins of the word jueteng. In President Quezon’s time, a scandal broke in Iloilo, when its governor Arroyo was accused by the young Eugenio Lopez Sr. of abetting the jueteng operations of a Chinoy called Sua Loy. Juego de Arroyo or juego de Sua Loy would sound funny if abbreviated. In my native city of San Pablo, we had a Don Terio Reyes as jueteng lord of Laguna. And in neighboring Quezon, it was Dona Charing Magbuhos. Jue-ter or Juering anyone? It gets sillier. And in Metro Manila, there was Tony Santos. During the martial law period, jueteng did not stop, and its Central Luzon overlord was said to be Mang Gusting Rojas of Tarlac. Not called a “don” like his Southern Tagalog counterpart, but Gusting has the right appellation for jueting. Sounds more like it. In Erap’s time, if Ilocos Sur’s Governor Chavit is to be believed, the operations were “centralized,” with him appointed as chief kubrador. But after a falling-out with pareng Erap and in the light of Ping’s stubborn demand that jueteng must be stopped because it is il-

legal, Atong Ang came into the picture to “legalize” the juego. Jue-tong gets closer to jueteng in our by-now funnier Sunday ruminations into the realm of etymology. And because of jueteng, nagka-Chavit-sabit si presidente. These days, and for the last two or three decades even, the supposedly biggest operator is a Bong and Baby from the hometown of another former president who later became speaker of the HOR. But again, jue-bong is less mellifluent than good old jueteng. At which point my driver, who is a native Mindanaoan where jueteng is not part of the culture, chimed in and said that maybe after the winning numbers are picked out of the tambiolo or bola, someone rings a bell, and voila—jueteng. Sounds sensible, juego followed by the teng, teng of a bell. Hindi nga ba? We were having a good laugh at our silly conversations when Gerry got a vibered short video from our friend, Solaire’s Michael Rey, alias “Ninoy” Aquino. Taal was having a “phreatic” eruption, spewing steam and ash up into the clouds. Our silly talk stopped as we called up our families back home to inquire about the ashfall and its reach. I am writing this piece early Monday morning, to be filed Tuesday. Silly, corny, but still better than having to write about the terrible things that are happening in the country and the world as the new year unfolds.

Rolando G. Estabillo Publisher ManilaStandard

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Post-eruption scenes Taal Volcano’s series of eruptions that spewed ash plumes into the sky inflicted damage to buildings and crops and triggered a flurry of activities ranging from cleanup and repairs to evacuation of residents from high-risk areas within a 14-kilometer radius. AFP, PNA




SC orders Shangri-La to pay its contractor


Members of the Chinese Coast Guard stand in formation on board their vessel after it anchored at the Manila port on Tuesday. Members of Chinese Coast Guard are in the Philippines to conduct inaugural joint maritime exercises with their Philippine counterparts. AFP

By Rey E. Requejo THE Supreme Court has ordered ShangriLa Properties Inc. (Shangri-La Properties) to compensate BF Corp., almost P100 million representing the latter’s claims plus interests for the construction of EDSA Plaza Project. In an en banc decision, the SC through then Chief Justice Lucas Bersamin—he has since retired—resolved to reinstate the decision of the Arbitral Tribunal of the Construction Industry Arbitration Commission granting BFC’s claim for variation of works. The high court held that the Court of Appeals wrongly disregarded the specific variation orders that carried the conformity of SLPI, which, when coupled with the letter dated May 9, 1991, satisfied the requisites under Article 1724 of the Civil Code. Art. 1724 provides that “the contractor who undertakes to build a structure or any other work for a stipulated price, in conformity with plans and specifications agreed upon with the land-owner, can neither withdraw from the contract nor demand an increase in the price on account of the higher cost of labor or materials, save when there has been a change in the plans and specifications, provided such change has been authorized by the proprietor in writing; and the additional price to be paid to the contractor has been determined in writing by both parties.” “Accordingly, SLPI was liable to pay BFC for the latter’s completed works. As concluded by the Arbitral Tribunal and affirmed by the CA, the completion of the works was conclusively established.,” the high tribunal ruled. Manila



New voters’ registration Jan. 20 R By Vito Barcelo

EGISTRATION for new voters will resume on Jan. 20, including voters whose names were removed from the Commission on Elections list of voters for failing to vote in two consecutive elections, the poll body said. Comelec

spokesperson James Jimenez said a p pl ic a t io n s for registration, transfer

of registration records, change/correction of entries in the registration record, reactivation of registration record, and reinstatement of name in the list of voters will be accepted.

Persons with Disabilities, Senior Citi- Dec. 25, 2020 (Christmas Day), and zens as well as members of Indigenous April 1 and 2, 2021 (Maundy Thursday Peoples or Indigenous Cultural Commu- and Good Friday). In view of the conduct nities and other members of vulnerable of the plebiscite in the 23 municipalities sectors may also update their records. of the province of Palawan on May 11, Applications and updating of records 2020, registration therein will not be conshall be done personally at the Office of ducted. the Election Officer of the city or muThose who will be at least 18 years nicipality where the applicant resides, of age on or before Election Day, or on Mondays to Saturdays including CYAN holi- May 9, 2022,YELLOW who is a BLACK resident in the MAGENTA days, from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Philippines for at least one year and The registration period will run until in the place where he or she intends to Sept. 30, 2021, except on April 9 and 10 vote for at least six months on or before (Maundy Thursday and Good Friday), Election Day, may register.

French, PH navies tackle warfare dev’t program FRENCH Navy naval warfare experts, including those specializing in submarine operations, are in the Philippines to help their Filipino counterparts in these military specializations in a four-day engagement which started Monday. Philippine Navy public affairs office chief Lt. Commander Maria Christina Roxas said this activity is in line with the Navy’s modernization program which is also eyeing a submarine capability.

The engagement with French Navy experts will help the PN in its warfare capability development program. “The Chief of Naval Staff, Rear Admiral Rey T. dela Cruz, received on behalf of the Flag Officer In Command, Philippine Navy, the delegates of the French Navy mission led by Col. Emmanuel Peltriaux, the Non-Resident Defense Attaché to the Philippines together with Commander Jean-Christophe Marie and Commander

Jeremy Bachelier who are specialists in French Submarine Forces and Surface Forces,” Roxas added. The ongoing activity with the French Navy is a result of the bilateral talks between the PN flag-officer-in-command Vice Admiral Robert A. Empedrad and his counterpart, Admiral Christophe Prazuck, during the EURONAVAL 2018 Exhibition held at Bourget, Paris France in October 2018. PNA

NBI arrests 3 ‘swindlers’ By Willie Casas

EMPLOYEES SAFE. Fire breaks out at the GMA Network compound in Quezon City Tuesday which initial investigation suggested started at the canteen. In a statement, GMA said its employees were immediately evacuated to ensure their safety and were sent back to continue normal operations as the fire was put out. Manny Palmero

IN LINE with the relentless campaign of the National Bureau of Investigation against illegal activities, operatives of NBI-Anti-Organized and Transnational Crime Division arrested three persons for trying to swindle victims of P10 million in Quezon City. In a statement, NBI Director Dante Gierran identified the subjects as Enriquito T. Dizon, Lourdes V. Bonifacio, and John Alvin B. Diguango. Charges for violation of Article 315 of the Revised Penal Code in relation to P.D. No. 1689 were filed against the arrested subjects, as well as at large suspects Adel Gerona and a certain alias “Henry.” The operation stemmed from the complaint filed before the office of the NBI-AOTCD that certain individuals who claimed to have authority to represent National Housing Authority in obtaining or securing contracts for their housing projects nationwide. The suspects enticed the victim to grab the contract offered by the NHA.

Bacoor reclamation project draws support from stakeholders

(MS-JAN. 15, 2020)

THE proposed 420-hectare reclamation projects in Bacoor City have earned support from directly-impacted stakeholders during the public hearing held by the Environmental Management Bureau of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. This was gleaned during a public hearing on January 9, which was part of the Environmental Impact Assessment System as mandated by law under Presidential Decree 1586 and DENR Administrative Order 2003-30. The City Government of Bacoor is the proponent of twin reclamation projects, namely Bacoor Reclamation and Development Project, consisting of a total of 320-hectare islands, and the Diamond Reclamation and Development Project consisting of one 100-hectare island via Public-Private Partnership under the PPP Code of Bacoor. The City hopes to integrate in these two projects a most effective approach to the long-term

clean-up of Manila Bay as mandated by a SC continuing mandamus, being the only projects along the Manila Bay that carry with it a program for relocation and resettlement of Informal Settler Families living along the 10 coastal barangays, according to an official statement. City Mayor Lani M. Revilla explained that the proposed projects will also address flooding in the city as she made sure they are integrated with the various long-term flood mitigating projects of the Department of Public Works and Highways. The Flood Risk Management Project of the DPWH will improve river channels and create diversion channels from Imus to Bacoor City which will serve as the flood discharge system of the rainwater catchment basin of Bacoor in Buhay na Tubig. The proposed reclamation islands are so situated and formed as to conform with the antiflooding projects of DPWH, having more than sufficient channels in between the islands which

are aligned with existing natural river outflows. The studies conducted by the private sector partners of the city show that the islands will also serve as anti-storm surge walls of the City, the statement said. `Among the sectors represented in the public hearing were the concerned barangay officials, the fisherfolk, Informal Settler Families, student leaders, mussel and oyster farmers, businessmen, environmental groups, and other concerned government agencies. The fishermen are most satisfied with the proposed Fisherman’s Village in Barangay Alima which is also part of the proposed reclamation projects in order to make sure that they will not be displaced from their industry. The proposed projects are expected to uplift their living conditions with the establishment of the Fisherman’s Wharf along Sineguelasan coasts which will also develop and preserve the 40-hectare mangroves plantation of the City.




Smog hits Aussie Open buildup M

ELBOURNE—Toxic smoke from raging bushfires hit the Australian Open build up Tuesday as a qualifier retired with breathing difficulties and Eugenie Bouchard needed medical attention, while other players struggled in soaring pollution.

Air quality in Melbourne, habitually ranked as one of the world’s most liveable cities, was among the worst on the planet and described as “hazardous” by city authorities. Qualifying for the first Grand Slam of the year started late due to the conditions and Slovenian Dalila Jakupovic did not cope well, bringing an early end to her match against Switzerland’s Ste-

Sharapova: Halted game was right call MELBOURNE—Maria Sharapova said it was the “right call” to abandon her match at the Kooyong Classic exhibition tournament as smog from raging bushfires engulfed Melbourne on Tuesday. The Russian five-time Grand Slam winner was 6-7 (4/7), 5-5 down against Germany’s Laura Siegemund when the umpire called a halt, saying “the players are feeling the smoke”. Pollution has soared to hazardous levels in Australia’s second-biggest city, suspending practice for next week’s Australian Open Grand Slam where one player was forced out of qualifying with a coughing fit. Sharapova, who described the conditions as “extreme”, she could feel “a bit of a cough coming out through the end of the second set.” “Then the umpire came down and said, ‘Play one more game.’ We were there for over two hours. From the whole standpoint, it was the right call.”


Siegemund, ranked 72nd, said she felt the effects of the unusual conditions. “It’s the first time I’m playing under these conditions and I do have to say that I felt it in the second set,” she told reporters. “You can see it, I guess it’s in your head and I did feel it in my body. “I guess if they want us to play under these conditions, everyone has to deal with it in their own way, but it certainly doesn’t feel like it’s the healthiest conditions to play in.” Sharapova has slipped to 145 in the world after a 2019 season ruined by the injury which limited her to 15 competitive matches. AFP

fanie Voegele after a coughing fit. “I was really scared that I would collapse. That’s why I went onto the floor because I couldn’t walk anymore,” she later told reporters, with searing heat not helping. “It’s not healthy for us,” she added. “I was surprised, I thought we would not be playing today but we don’t have much choice.”

The deterioration in conditions followed months of deadly bushfires that have engulfed huge swathes of the Australian countryside, leaving at least 27 people dead and more than 2,000 homes destroyed.

‘Stay indoors’

Melbourne’s city government urged residents to “stay indoors, keep windows and doors shut, and keep pets inside” on Twitter. Tennis officials have said there is little chance of the Australian Open being delayed, but that air quality is being monitored and umpires can halt matches to protect players’ health. AFP

Smoke from the Victoria bushfire fills the sky over Melbourne city. Soaring pollution halted Australian Open practice and delayed qualifying on Jan. 14 as smoke from raging bushfires hit the build-up to the season's opening Grand Slam. AFP

Rio golf medalists in Singapore duel SINGAPORE—The three men’s golf medallists from the 2016 Rio Olympics will appear at the Singapore Open this week in a closely-watched showdown just months ahead of the Tokyo Games. Gold medallist Justin Rose, silver winner Henrik Stenson and third-placed Matt Kuchar’s performances will give clues about their form before the Games begin in July. “My goal really... is to play well and to make as many ranking points as possible to secure my position in team GB,” said 39-year-old Rose, ranked ninth in the world. The English player added that his schedule this year was designed with “staying fresh” for the Games in mind, and that “defending the Olympic gold is obviously very much on the top of my list.” The trio made light of their rivalry and said they were looking forward to facing each other again at an Olympics—Rio marked golf’s return to the Games after a 112-year absence. “We all look back with great memories from Rio and want to make some new ones in Tokyo this coming summer,” said Stenson of Sweden. Ten Olympians in total will compete at the $1 million SMBC Singapore

Fury chasing KO in rematch LAS VEGAS—Tyson Fury vowed Monday to chase a knockout in next month’s eagerly anticipated rematch with WBC heavyweight champion Deontay Wilder, insisting he believes he has no chance of earning a victory on points in Las Vegas.

Former Australian Open semi-finalist Bouchard also had problems and needed a medical time-out after reportedly complaining of a sore chest. She recovered to win the third set and the match. Elsewhere in Melbourne, Maria Sharapova took to the court as scheduled against Germany’s Laura Siegemund at the Kooyong Classic exhibition tournament. Both players agreed to call an early halt to the high-intensity contest at 7-6 (7/4), 5-5 in the German’s favour after more than two hours, with the Russian star saying she could feel “a bit of a cough coming out through the end of the second set.”

The charismatic undefeated British fighter faces the unbeaten Wilder at the MGM Grand on February 22, after the two men battled to a draw in Los Angeles in December 2018. Fury (29-0-1, 20 knockouts) earned a

Boxers Deontay Wilder (left) and Tyson Fury face-off ahead of a press conference in Los Angeles, California ahead of their re-match fight in Las Vegas on February 22. AFP

Open, which runs from Thursday to Sunday and is jointly sanctioned by the Asian Tour and Japan Golf Tour Organization. They include Australia’s Marcus Fraser, Japanese player Yuta Ikeda and Brazil’s Adilson da Silva. The Rio winners joked about what they had done with their medals— with America’s Kuchar, 41, admitting he carries his around in a sock inside his backpack. “It has not found a permanent home,” said the nine-time PGA Tour

winner from the United States. Stenson, 43, said that his son once took his silver medal to school— only to bring it back with a dent. Rose revealed that golf at the Tokyo Games will tee off on his 40th birthday, on July 30, leaving him with little time to celebrate. “I’d like very much to keep my focus on the job at hand,” he said. “I might have some piece of cake in the evening—but might have to defer the celebration to much, much later.” AFP

Justin Rose of England (left), Henrik Stenson of the United States (center) and Matt Kuchar pose with the trophy after a press conference ahead of the SMBC Singapore Open tournament in Singapore. AFP

share of the spoils in the first fight after frustrating Wilder with a superbly elusive performance. However the self-styled “Gypsy King” survived a 12th round knockdown to cling on for the draw at the Staples Center. At a press conference in Los Angeles on Monday, Fury said he plans to attack Wilder early on in next month’s bout, insisting he is targeting a second-round knockout. “Thinking ain’t enough,” the 31-yearold Fury said. “I need to know I’ve won the fight. I know I need to get a knockout here. I’m going into this fight knowing I can’t win a decision. I’ve got to knock him out.” Fury claimed his recent change of trainer—he has dispensed with the services of Ben Davison in favour of Sugarhill Steward, the nephew of late Kronk gym legend Emanuel Steward— would help him score a knockout. “I’m looking for a knockout,” he said. “That’s why I hired Sugarhill. He gets you to sit down on that big right hand. That’s what I’m looking for. There’s the game plan.”

-No ‘Herky-jerky style’

Fury said he expected the fight to flip expectations of either a knockout for the hard-hitting Wilder or a points win for Fury. “The consensus is either he knocks me out, or I win on points,” Fury said. “Usually when people have that opinion, it goes the opposite way around. Expect him to box and me to be looking for the knockout. “He thinks I’m going to come out herky-jerky with my famous style, but I want him to meet me in the center of the ring and have a slugfest, best man wins. Wilder (42-0-1, 41 knockouts) however was unimpressed with Fury’s claims of a tactical switch. “No, I don’t believe nothing Fury says at this moment in time,” Wilder said. “He’s very nervous as you can see. He can’t even sit still. “The fight will be interesting, he’s a great fighter. I’m looking forward to it. But I don’t believe anything he says. “He’s saying those things, I don’t feel in his energy that he believes that. I feel like he’s nervous because of what happened the first time.” AFP

Boxing body monitoring Wuhan ahead of qualifier THE Association of Boxing Alliances in the Philippines is closely monitoring the situation in Wuhan, China following an outbreak of pneumonia just weeks ahead of the Asia and Oceania boxing qualifier for this year’s Tokyo Olympics. Ed Picson, secretary-general of ABAP, said those from the host city and the participating countries are keeping their fingers crossed before the event is held Feb. 3 to 14. Picson told the PSA Forum at Amelie Hotel Manila that apprehensions remain despite a letter they received yesterday from the International Olympic Committee Boxing Task Force yesterday, saying, “no travel restrictions and extra measures are needed.” The IOC letter also said that the World Health Organization has outlined that “China has strong public health capacities and resources to respond and manage respiratory disease outbreaks,” and that the WHO does not recommend measures for travelers to Wuhan, which is 1,152 kms north of Beijing. Picson said a couple of countries have expressed willingness to take over the hosting of the Olympic qualifier, including Thailand and even the Philippines, which recently hosted the 30th Southeast Asian Games. “With our recent hosting of the SEA Games, we have the mechanics in place,” said Picson. However, he doubted if China would give up the hosting since it has other venues nationwide that can stage the multination event. Chinese authorities have ruled out any relation to the deadly SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and MERS and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) to the new type of coronavirus that has struck Wuhan, as well as human-tohuman contact as a way of transmitting the disease. If the event pushes through in Wuhan, Picson said the Philippine delegation would still take the necessary measures to ensure the safety of its boxers and officials.

Onte, Bona dominate PPS netfest YOUNG Alexandra Onte and Kendrick Bona came away with a pair of straight-set triumphs to share MVP honors in the PPS-PEPP Mayor Jerry Trenas national age-group tennis tournament at LaPaz Plaza courts in Iloilo City over the weekend. Onte toppled top seed Aleeva Suace, 6-1, 6-0, in the girls’ 12-and-under finals then the rising local star crushed Dolores Hofileña, 6-2, 6-3, to pocket the 14-U diadem in the Group I tournament presented by Dunlop. Fellow Ilongga Althea Martirez, however, foiled her bid for a third crown, scoring a 6-4, 6-2 victory in the 16-U finals before blasting Abigail Aguirre, 6-0, 6-1, for the 18-U plum to likewise complete a two-title feat in the second leg of a 40-leg junior circuit put up by Palawan Pawnshop-Palawan Express Pera Padala headed by president/CEO Bobby Castro. Bona also stamped his class in the boys’ side, whipping Ian Iturriaga, 6-0, 6-2, for the 12-U crown then the Puerto Princesa find and MAC’s Crankit Tennis Academy protégé warded off Elemar Sealza, 6-3, 7-5, in the 14-U finals. Two other local bets hurdled their respective final round opponents with Rafael Santiago thwarting Lourain Jallorina, 4-0, 1-4, 4-1, for the 10-unisex title and Nickel Nowlakha escaping with a 5-7, 6-4, 10-7 decision over Joshua Raymundo in the 18-U division. Raymundo, from La Carlota, took the 16-U crown with a 6-3, 6-2 romp over Benedict Santiago. Next up is the PPS-PEPP Fr. Fernando Suarez Open on Jan. 27-Feb. 2 in Cebu featuring the men’s singles and doubles, the juniors Group I and the Legends 40s, 50s and 60s divisions. Listup is ongoing. For details, call PPS-PEPP Sports Program Development director Bobby Mangunay at 0915-4046464.

Riera U. Mallari, Editor; Reuel Vidal, Assistant Editor



Eala seeded 4th in Aussie tournament By Peter Atencio JUNIOR standout Alex Eala is seeded fourth in the girls’ division of the 2020 AGL Loy Yang Traralgon Junior International Tennis Tournament in Victoria, Australia. The 14-year-old Eala is joining the netfest to prepare for her participation the 2020 Australian Open, her dad Mike Eala said. Eala finished the 2018 season ranked 248th in the world, before a career-best 13th spot last October. Her stint in a tournament in Bradenton, Florida last December allowed her move into the top, with her world ranking reaching no. 9 when the year 2020 started.

Sports Meralco’s Allen Durham loses the ball on his way to the basket after a defensive effort from Ginebra’s Joe Devance in Game 3 of the PBA Governors’ Cup.

Gin Kings try to sink Bolts By Arman Carandang


ARANGAY Ginebra and Meralco collide today in a game so crucial, both of them are expected to give their all owing to their respective goals and motivations.

Game today (Smart Araneta Coliseum) Game 4, best-of-7 FINALS 7 p.m. —Ginebra vs. Meralco


In the Bradenton juniors, Eala beat Ziva Falkner of Slovenia, 7-5, 6-4, to reach the quarter-finals, where she bowed to Evialina Laskevich of Belarus, 7-6 (4), 4-6, 2-6. “I will go out there and do my best. I want to win. And it will really boil down on how hard I’m going to work, and how I’m feeling on that day,” said Eala in an online interview. Elsa Jacquemont of France is seeded first, followed by Robin Montgomery of the United States in second. Kamila Bartone of Latvia comes in at no. 3, with Maria Bondarenko of Russia at fifth spot. Eala earned 1,452.50 points from her campaign last year, making her the highest Southeast Asian tennis player in the ITF junior rankings.

UAAP, NCAA cancel games THE sudden eruption of Taal Volcano last Sunday has compelled authorities to postpone numerous games of the 82nd University Athletic Association of the Philippines and the 95th National Collegiate Athletic Association. Authorities said the long wait on the status of volcano have forced them to call off today’s matches in the UAAP junior basketball competitions and the junior football hostilities as well. The effects of the sudden volcanic activity are now being felt in parts of Central and Southern Luzon. And ashfall from the eruption are now affecting Tagaytay, Batangas and even all the way to Metro Manila. Many schools are also taking part in rescue and relief efforts as well. The volleyball games of the NCAA season 95 are set to resume on Thursday. Peter Atencio JaVale McGee of the Los Angeles Lakers sets a pick for LeBron James3 of the Los Angeles Lakers as Tristan Thompson of the Cleveland Cavaliers defends during the first half of a game at Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. AFP

The Gin Kings are looking to sink the Bolts in a hole where no team normally gets out. The Bolts thus are trying to avoid falling into that pit and stay in contention for their first-ever title in the PBA. “We expect Game 4 to be another huge battle,” said Ginebra coach Tim Cone. “I said it before, these are the games we’re gonna have—ping-pong,

back and forth—and nothing’s gonna come easy. We learned that in Game 2. Nothing’s easy.” Leaning on a third quarter assault, the Gin Kings demolished the Bolts in Game 3 last Sunday, 92-84, for a 2-1 lead in the best-of-7 series. A Ginebra win in the 7 p.m. tussle will give the Gin Kings a commanding 3-1 lead which is not insurmountable, but is too hard to overcome. “We are in a must-win situation again so we will be there fighting,” said Meralco coach Norman Black. The situation though is not new for the

Bolts, who were able to bounce back from a Game 1 loss and level the series in Lucena City last Friday. Last Sunday, however, the Bolts failed to sustain the momentum. They were only in the game in the first half, and folded up in the third as the Gin Kings decked them with furious offensive that resulted into the league’s most popular ballclub posting a 78-58 lead at the end of the third. “We must improve out defense to give ourselves a chance,” added Black. The trouble with the Bolts is that they may play today without Raymond Almazan, who injured his left knee last time around. “(Raymond) Almazan has a torn meniscal tear in his left knee. He is a game time decision as far as if he will play in Game 4,” said Black.

Folayang starts another run to regain title FILIPINO martial arts veteran and two-time ONE Lightweight World Champion Eduard “Landslide” Folayang is confident he has enough left in the tank to bag another shot at the title this year. The Team Lakay stalwart succumbed the lightweight belt in Tokyo in early 2019, falling to rival Shinya Aoki via first-round submission at ONE: A NEW ERA. It was a painful setback, but did little to deter Folayang’s fighting spirit. This year, Folayang vows to return as a better competitor, and show fans he has what it takes to be champion again. “The year 2019 has been an absolute roller coaster ride for me,” Folayang said. “I started the year off as champion but fell short of victory against Shinya [Aoki] in Tokyo. That’s a loss that I learned a lot from and it was a very tough experience to deal with. I can honestly say however that I am a much better martial artist because of it.” Apart from taking on the legendary Aoki, Folayang also got the opportunity to challenge multiple-time lightweight champion Eddie “The Underground King” Alvarez, a more than recognizable name in the mixed martial arts ecosphere. Despite dominating Alvarez in the early going however, Alvarez turned the corner and scored a come-from-behind victory on the strength of his wrestling

and submission skills. The American secured a rear-naked choke midway through the first round, earning a spot in the ONE Lightweight Grand Prix Championship Final, which he eventually relinquished due to injury. Although it was another painful setback, Folayang realizes the value of facing an American icon. “After facing Eddie Alvarez of course, it was another learning experience for me,” Folayang said. “Being able to face one of the best

fighters in the world, who is a former UFC and Bellator World Champion, it was a huge honor. I feel like I was winning that fight, and then one mistake and I’m on the losing end. I won’t make that same mistake again next time.” For Folayang to be able to return to title contention, he has to be perfect to start the year. He believes he has to turn in inspiring performances that will catapult him back up the rankings, starting with his first bout of 2020.

Momota out 2 months after crash

TOKYO—Badminton world number one Kento Momota could be out for two months after being injured in a car crash that killed his driver just hours after he won the Malaysia Masters on Sunday. The 25-year-old Japanese suffered cuts and bruising in the accident near Kuala Lumpur but is aiming to return at the All England Championships on March 11, said Kinji Zeniya, secretary general of Japan’s Badminton Association on Tuesday. Zeniya told reporters that Momota, who won a record 11 titles last year had “extraordinary enthusiasm towards the Olympics” this year in Tokyo but urged Japan’s home gold medal hope to take time to recuperate fully. “I hope he will do his best without pushing and rushing himself too hard and without being impatient,” said Zeniya. Momota has been in hospital since Monday following the crash with a slow-moving lorry as his party were driving to the airport. The driver was killed at the scene while Momota received cuts to his face and bruising all over his body, Zeniya said, denying previous reports that he had broken his nose and chin. An assistant coach, physiotherapist, and badminton official were also injured. Momota will return to Japan on Wednesday, Zeniya said, and would receive further medical checks. “Cuts will be healed, but what will happen to the bruising later? I know injuries from car accidents can emerge after some time,” Zeniya said. The accident came after the dominant Japanese star began his 2020 season in style Sunday with victory over Denmark’s Viktor Axelsen in Kuala Lumpur. Momota enjoyed unrivalled success in 2019, winning a record 11 titles including the World Championships, Asia Championships and All England Championships, a dramatic turnaround for a player who had been banned for gambling in 2016.

Lakers extend streak to 9; Thunder win LOS ANGELES— LeBron James scored 23 of his 31 points in the second half as the Los Angeles Lakers broke open a close game to register a ninth straight NBA victory, 128-99 over the Cleveland Cavaliers. With Lakers star Anthony Davis still sidelined by a sore backside from a fall, Dwight Howard added season highs of 21 points and 15 rebounds for the Western Conference leaders. James added eight assists and passed Isiah Thomas for eighth place on the league’s all-time list. He now has 9,067 career assists. “Any time I’m linked with the greats it’s just an honor,” James said of passing Thomas. James, who missed the Lakers’ last game because of illness, improved to 2-0 against the Cavaliers since he departed Cleveland for Los Angeles in 2018. The Cavs had leapt to a 14-point lead in the first half but the Lakers had cut the deficit to one point

at the interval and exploded with 81 points in the second half. “Defensively we got stops and we had great pace. Even when they scored we got the ball out and continued to play with a lot of pace,” James said. “That allows us to get into our offense. We’re playing with a lot of balance.”

Records tumble

Shai Gilgeous-Alexander wrote himself into the record books in Minnesota, helping propel the Oklahoma City Thunder to a 117-104 over the Timberwolves with his first career triple-double. Seven Thunder players scored in double figures but Gilgeous-Alexander stole the show with 20 points, 20 rebounds and 10 assists. His rebound total was a career high—and the most in the league by a guard in a game this season.


NLEX’s R10 section set to open in March

NLEX Corp. said Tuesday said it expects to open the entire C3-R10 section of the North Luzon Expressway Harbor Link Segment 10 by March 2020. NLEX said the multi-level NLEX Caloocan Interchange along C3 Road, which will serve as strategic converging point of NLEX Harbor Link Segment 10, its C3-R10 Section and the NLEX Connector, would soon be completed with a massive steel girder launching undertaken recently. The interchange is aimed at providing efficient journeys for motorists traversing the said expressway network from NLEX to Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas Manila and vice versa. “The installation of these girders is crucial in our construction process as we target to open the Malabon Exit by February 2020 and the entire C3R10 Section by March 2020,” NLEX president and general manager Luigi Bautista said. Darwin G. Amojelar


Ray S. Eñano, Editor Roderick T. dela Cruz, Assistant Editor WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, 2020


Villar warns against bitcoin trading scam using his name

Batangas plants still operational

FIRST Gen Corp. said Tuesday its three gasfired power plants in Batangas City, including the 1000-megawatt Santa Rita, 500-MW San Lorenzo and 97-MW Avion remain operational despite the eruption of the Taal Volcano. First Gen said, however, that the accumulating ash fall has the potential to cause damage to the plants’ gas turbines, which in turn could affect their ability to deliver power. “Rest assured that any decision to curtail the operations of the said power plants will be based on safety and good utility practice considerations. First Gen is now coordinating closely with the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines and Meralco, and will work with the Department of Energy should any curtailment be warranted,” it said in a statement. First Gen said its 414-MW San Gabriel power plant was on scheduled shutdown from Jan. 4 to 18, 2020. Alena Mae S. Flores

Megaworld launches new Mactan tower

PROPERTY developer Megaworld Corp. said it expects to generate P2.3 billion in sales from the newly launched residential development inside the 30-hectare The Mactan Newtown in Lapu-Lapu City, Cebu. Megaworld said in a disclosure to the stock exchange the 20-story Pearl Global Residences would add 222 units to the existing 1,836-residential-unit inventory in the township. It will be the fifth residential development inside Mactan Newtown. The new residential tower offers executive studio with either a balcony or a lanai (up to 40 square meters); one-bedroom and executive one-bedroom with balcony (up to 59 square meters); two-bedroom with balcony or lanai (up to 80 square meters); and three-bedroom with balcony (up to 116 square meters). “The Pearl Global Residences will showcase the Filipino pride to the world. We got the name from the country’s title of ‘Pearl of the Orient’, and as we expect more visitors and tourists to come to The Mactan Newtown in the coming years, we want this tower to be one of the icons of Filipino pride inside our development,” said Megaworld Cebu Properties Inc. president Noli Hernandez. Jenniffer B. Austria

DOE monitoring Iloilo power supply

THE Energy Department said it is closely monitoring the power supply situation in Iloilo City to ensure the continued services amid the legal tussle between Panay Electric Co. and More Electric Power Corp. and the anticipated increase in demand during the dry months. “Definitely, DOE is closely monitoring the situation in Iloilo and have to ensure no disruption of services,” Electric Power Industry Management Bureau director Mario Marasigan said. Visayas power reserves were estimated at 186 megawatts Tuesday, as available generating capacity of 2,174 MW exceeded the demand of 1,988 MW. “The issue in Iloilo is not on supply, it’s on the operation of PECO plus their legal concerns with MORE,” Marasigan said. Marasigan said a shortage in supply was not expected in Iloilo City as Panay is still exporting to Cebu and the Wholesale Electricity Spot Market, the country’s trading floor of electricity. MORE was granted a franchise to operate a distribution network in February last year while PECO’s franchise expired in January 2019. MORE’s franchise gives a two-year transition period to PECO which was granted a certificate of public convenience and necessity by the Energy Regulatory Commission. The Supreme Court recently denied the petition filed by PECO to move outside Iloilo City the expropriation case filed by MORE. “The SC order denying the petition of PECO to transfer venue of the case is self-explanatory. Anyone who reads it will understand the meaning of it, “MORE president Roel Castro said. Alena Mae S. Flores


State-owned Development Bank of the Philippines signs a loan agreement with the municipality of Labo for the construction of Camarines Norte’s first sanitary landfill facility. Attending the signing of the agreement are (seated, from left) Labo administrator Severino Francisco Jr., Mayor Joseph Ascutia, DBP assistant vice president Ariel Peña and DBP account officer Helen Jacinto.

First Metro expects GDP to expand 6.6% this year By Julito G. Rada


IRST Metro Investment Corp., the investment banking arm of the Metrobank Group, expects the Philippine economy to grow as high as 6.6 percent in 2020, driven by robust consumer spending and higher public expenditures on infrastructure projects.

First Metro president Rabboni Francis Arjonillo said the economy would likely grow between 6.2 percent and 6.6 percent this year despite the Taal Volcano eruption. “The Philippine economy will grow faster in 2020 compared to 2019, fueled

by stronger consumer spending, easing monetary conditions and growing tourism sector,” Arjonillo said during the bank’s annual economic briefing in Taguig City Tuesday. “Consumer spending, which accounts for 66 percent of the country’s GDP, will expand further driven by robust government and infrastructure spending, higher employment rate, manageable inflation and robust OFW remittances,” he said. Arjonillo cited the latest Tourism Department data showing that in the first 10 months of 2019, visitor arrivals grew 15 percent to 6.8 million from 5.9 million in the same period a year ago. The top visitors were Koreans and Chinese, accounting for 23 percent and 22 percent, respectively, of the total arrivals. Arjonillo the growth momentum was expected to be sustained this year. Remittances, which expanded by 4.6 percent to $24.8 billion in 2018, is expected to remain resilient this year, he


NEDA confident on halving poverty incidence by 2022 THE National Economic and Development Authority said Tuesday it expects poverty incidence to be halved by the end of the Dutete administration’s term in 2022. “This would be the first time in history that the poverty rate will be halved in just six years, a significant contribution and achievement of this administration,” Economic Planning Secretary Ernesto Pernia said in a statement. This is in line with the more ambitious target reduction of poverty incidence to 11 percent, from the original 14 percent by 2022 which was approved in the previous meeting of the Development Budget Coordination Committee. Statistics showed that poverty incidence dropped to 16.6 percent in 2018, averaging a reduction of 2.23 percentage points per year, making the previous target achievable by mid-2022. The decline was also broad-based, as all regions, except ARMM, recorded a decline in poverty incidence among population. NEDA attributed the decline in poverty to sustained growth that generated jobs for the poor, increased incomes of the poor that outweighed inflation, the implementation of social programs like conditional and unconditional cash transfers and pensions, population and family planning program and less extreme weather conditions. “Inclusive, job-generating growth and better-targeted programs helped increase the incomes of the poor. For those in the bottom 30 percent of the population, mean per capita income increased by 31.9 percent, outpacing the income growth of those in the top 20 percent of households,” Pernia said. Julito G. Rada

said. Meanwhile, inflation is seen to stay low between 2.5 percent and 2.8 percent in 2020 after settling at a manageable level of 2.5 percent in 2019. Arjonillo also downplayed any significant impact to economic growth of the Taal Volcano eruption, saying the natural disaster “is localized.” University of Asia & the Pacific economist Victor Abola said the immediate impact of the eruption would be on consumption spending because of the displaced individuals. He said the domestic economy would remain resilient to weather the natural occurrence. Data showed that the Region 4-A composed of the provinces of Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon (Calabarzon) accounted for 17 percent of the country’s GDP in 2018. The NCR, meanwhile, retained a share of 36 percent to total output. Central Luzon, on the other hand, accounted for 9 percent.

The Asset magazine recognizes Bank of the Philippines Islands lead economist Emilio Neri Jr. as the Philippines’ Best Local Currency Bond Individual in Research for 2019. In the Asset Benchmark Research Awards, Neri is given “Rank 1” which is the first time such ranking was topped by a local bank.

NGCP allots P132b to build new power transmission projects By Alena Mae S. Flores GRID operator National Grid Corp. of the Philippines said it is spending P132 billion to build new power transmission projects. “The only way to forward this vision of a fully interconnected and integrated transmission system is to keep investing in the transmission grid. These projects will greatly benefit the country, energizing the entire archipelago even up to the farthest islands. This will also prepare the entire Philippine grid for the integration to the proposed ASEAN Power Grid, promoting power-sharing and optimization of generation capacity within the region,” NGCP said in a statement. NGCP said several interconnection projects were in the works such as the P47.8-billion Stages 2 and 3 of the Cebu-

Negros-Panay Interconnection Project which would establish a 230kV backbone to accommodate the transmission of excess power from Panay and Negros towards the rest of the Visayas. It said that to address the growing demand in Boracay Island and provide additional capacity to support the ongoing developments, the pre-construction activities were underway for the P8.5-billion Nabas-Caticlan-Boracay transmission line project. It said the P2.4 billion Panay-Guimaras 138kV transmission line was also in the pre-construction stage. NGCP said the P1.9-billion CebuLapu Lapu 230kV transmission line project was being undertaken, with survey and right-of-way activities ongoing to maintain the continuous transmission of power towards the major load centers in Mandaue and Mactan

during N-1 condition. Another major interconnection is the P19.8-billion Cebu-Bohol 230kV Interconnection Project which upon completion, will address overloading issues and enable sharing of power between the two islands, especially the growing demand in Bohol and will eventually form part of the Leyte-Bohol 230kV loop system. Construction is also ongoing for the P51.7-billion Mindanao-Visayas Interconnection Project, slated for completion in December 2020 aimed at supporting the government’s vision to have a unified Philippine grid, “With over 7,600 islands in the Philippine archipelago, energizing and connecting major islands to the grid was a challenge that confronted NGCP when it took over from government,” the company said.

By Jenniffer B. Austria MANUEL Villar, the country’s richest man, denied social media posts that he is engaged in and endorsed a cryptocurrency trading program. “I wish to warn the public about a false social media posting claiming that I endorsed a crypto currency trading program,” Villar said in a statement Tuesday. “I have never made any such endorsement nor I have engaged in the said bitcoin program. This is obviously a scam and I ask the public to protect themselves from such unscrupulous act,” he said. Several postings from various social media platforms reportedly quoted Villar endorsing a cryptocurrency trading program called Bitcoin Revolution. Villar is currently the chairman of Vista Land & Lifescapes Inc., one the leading house and lot developers in the country. He also owns several listed firms including Starmalls Inc., AllHome Inc. and Golden Bria Holdings Inc. Forbes named Villar as the country’s richest with total estimated net worth of $6.6 billion as of September 2019. The Securities and Exchange Commission is currently draft the rules on initial coin offerings and cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency is an internetbased medium of exchange which uses cryptographical functions to conduct financial transactions. The SEC plans to issue the final version of the rules this year.

Vehicle sales rose 3.5% to 369,941 units in 2019 By Othel V. Campos AUTOMOTIVE sales increased 3.5 percent in 2019 to 369,941 units from 357,410 units in 2018, two industry groups said Tuesday. The Chamber of Automotive Manufacturers of the Philippines Inc. and the Truck Manufacturers Association said that including the sales of other groups, the local automotive market likely hit the 2019 sales target of 410,000 units. CAMPI president Rommel Gutierrez said that ending the year with positive figures was a welcome relief for the industry coming from a doubledigit decline in 2018. “The year 2019 has been challenging for the industry due to various internal and external factors. Thankfully, the industry’s collective efforts, supported by sustained economic growth, have paid off. We will not rest on our laurels as we aim for further growth in the coming months, and hopefully for the whole of 2020,” he said. Commercial vehicles raised its market share to 70.48 percent, representing a 5-percent increase to 260,744 units in 2019 from 248,390 units in 2018. Commercial sales went up by 8.1 percent in December to 24,469 from 22,644 units in the same month in 2018. Passenger car sales grew slightly by 0.2 percent last year to 109,197 units from 109,020 units in 2018. Passenger car sales in December went down by 3.19 percent to 9,246 units. Toyota Motors Philippines Corp. led sales in 2019 with a market share of 43.79 percent, followed by Mitsubishi Motors Philippines Corp. with 17.32 percent, Nissan Philippines Inc. with 11.54 percent, Suzuki Philippines Inc. with 6.47 percent and Ford Motor Company Philippines Inc. with 5.92 percent.




Market rises; URC leads gainers S TOCKS rose Tuesday in line with an Asian rally, as the local equities market reopened after thick ash fall from Taal Volcano eruption disrupted trading a day earlier.

The Philippine Stock Exchange index, the 30-company benchmark index, gained 16 points, or 0.2 percent, to close at 7,793.25. It was also up 0.3 percent since the start of the year. The broader all-share index closed nearly unchanged at 4,605.97 on a value turnover of P9.9 billion. Losers outnumbered gainers, 111 to 83, while 54 issues were unchanged. Eleven of the 20 most active stocks ended in the green, led by Universal Robina Corp. which climbed 6.5 percent to P149.40 and Security Bank Corp. which

rose 3.2 percent to P192. Globe Telecom Inc. went up 3.1 percent to P2,042.00. Meanwhile, Asia equities extended a global rally on Tuesday, with the US decision to no longer designate China a currency manipulator a further sign of easing tensions between the economic titans. The Treasury announcement came days before the two sides are due to sign off on the first part of a wider trade agreement that has helped fan a rally in world markets. It also led to a sell-off in safe-haven assets with the yen at a seven-month low and gold down almost one percent, while oil was also struggling with the US-Iran flare-up seemingly in the rear window for investors. Asia was given a firm lead from Wall Street, where all three main indexes ended higher—with the Nasdaq and S&P 500 hitting fresh records—on reports the US was about to remove the manipula-

tor label from China. Donald Trump accused Beijing in August of weakening its yuan currency “to steal our business and factories”, restating a long-standing grievance. But soon after the end of trade on Monday, the Treasury said in its semiannual report to Congress that the unit had strengthened and Beijing was no longer keeping it artificially weak. The yuan jumped more than one percent at one point Tuesday before easing slightly. The currency is up more than four percent from an 11-year low touched in September. “The yuan is the purest and best barometer to gauge the market’s view on US-China trade tension,” said AxiTrader’s Stephen Innes. “With the yuan strengthening ahead of the ‘phase one’ deal signing, it’s indicating the potential for further improvement in trade relations.” The US reversal of China’s status as

a manipulator “is a most precise and definitive de-escalation of trade tension to date and provides a less congested road as we pivot to phase two of the broader trade agreement,” he said. Data on Tuesday showed China’s trade surplus with the US narrowed 8.5 percent in 2019, which will likely play well in the White House, where the huge disparity is a key bone of contention in the White House and a major catalyst of the trade war. Tokyo was among the biggest gainers, rising 0.7 percent as the dollar advanced against the yen owing to a rush out of safety—giving a boost to Japan’s exporters. Singapore and Seoul each put on 0.4 percent, Sydney added 0.9 percent, Wellington climbed 0.7 percent and Taipei gained 0.6 percent. Mumbai and Bangkok edged up 0.1 percent, while Jakarta rose 0.2 percent. With AFP

Manila Standard BuSineSS daily StockS review tueSday, January 14, 2020










53.5 85 2.12 153.5 0.92 25.05 18.02 11.9 3.82 0.53 1.16 855 0.355 66.5 0.81 12.2 20.5 34 175 57.2 22.5 188 1,855 58.1

53.5 86.8 2.4 155 0.92 25.05 18.48 12 3.82 0.62 1.2 855 0.36 66.5 0.81 12.2 20.5 34 175 58.2 22.85 192 1,855 58.15

53.25 84.05 2.12 153 0.92 25 18.02 11.82 3.77 0.53 1.15 840.5 0.355 65 0.78 12.2 20.5 33.05 173.5 57.1 22.5 185.2 1,810 57.9

FINANCIALS 53.5 520 86.8 3,155,420 2.25 519,000 154.7 4,242,880 0.92 1,000 25.05 320,500 18.02 600 12 298,000 3.77 122,000 0.6 29,000 1.2 19,000 840.5 170 0.36 70,000 65.8 4,853,850 0.8 131,000 12.2 50,000 20.5 400 33.2 477,100 173.5 200 58.2 910 22.85 28,100 192 512,290 1,810 525 58.15 19,300

27,815 269,814,427.50 1,199,320 655,706,575 920 8,014,375 10,904 3,553,034 462,240 17,370 21,970 144,310 25,150 318,900,616.50 103,200 610,000 8,200 15,932,570 34,775 52,143 641,910 96,617,989 961,175 1,122,068.50

-10,507,205.50 -38,240 19,945,825 -87,475 812,290 -26,423,491 0 -5,796,790 -607,810 19,464,237 9,275 -305,287.50


34.25 2.37 12.98 0.54 1.27 3.06 0.241 1.67 15.18 7.52 32.3 65 69.95 2.16 5.2 9.36 14.02 9.07 7.22 22.45 66.7 1.44 37.15 2.04 13.92 8.1 1.29 207.6 4.65 3.33 6.8 10.42 11.3 14.88 302 5.39 1.91 4.25 4.04 9.62 11.9 33.4 4.8 5.3 2.05 1.75 0.98 9.6 79.5 8.77 1 142.5 2.41 1.23 0.98

34.35 2.38 12.98 0.56 1.32 3.07 0.241 1.67 15.24 7.75 32.35 65 70 2.16 5.2 9.48 14.1 9.3 7.23 22.9 68.8 1.53 38.8 2.07 13.92 8.25 1.29 212 4.65 3.41 7.1 10.58 11.36 15.68 307.8 5.39 1.92 4.25 4.08 9.98 11.98 33.4 4.8 5.3 2.05 1.75 0.98 9.6 80 8.79 1 149.4 2.57 1.23 0.98

33.5 2.28 12.22 0.54 1.23 2.91 0.231 1.56 15.16 6.98 32 62.7 68 2.12 5 9.2 13.5 8.95 7.22 21.9 66.05 1.42 37.1 2.01 13.78 7.84 1.25 206.6 4.65 3.33 6.8 10.28 11.12 14.3 302 5.39 1.91 4.25 4.02 9.6 11.88 32.5 4.7 5.28 1.85 1.75 0.96 9.36 79.05 8.54 1 141 2.4 1.2 0.92

INDUSTRIAL 33.8 1,659,500 2.3 2,051,000 12.86 2,582,000 0.54 476,000 1.23 66,000 2.95 3,738,000 0.236 1,640,000 1.58 20,725,000 15.2 1,901,100 7.07 3,823,300 32.2 592,000 62.7 200 68 850 2.16 67,000 5 17,400 9.39 3,729,800 13.88 590,800 8.95 202,300 7.22 121,217,400 21.9 3,566,200 66.4 17,220 1.48 23,296,000 38.5 34,200 2.07 6,974,000 13.9 54,700 7.84 278,400 1.25 44,000 212 447,000 4.65 10,000 3.41 16,000 6.81 14,900 10.42 7,282,300 11.18 142,500 15.5 1,376,900 304.8 209,810 5.39 1,500 1.91 559,000 4.25 2,000 4.03 1,720,000 9.98 4,000 11.98 21,600 33 147,600 4.7 272,000 5.28 8,000 1.93 1,828,000 1.75 5,000 0.97 149,000 9.36 1,604,500 79.5 266,270 8.78 95,800 1 5,000 149.4 1,462,990 2.57 86,000 1.22 2,997,000 0.93 2,012,000

56,437,050 4,762,430 33,343,912 260,810 82,480 11,134,070 384,080 33,230,120 28,951,084 27,571,885 19,063,920 12,908 58,034.50 144,220 87,295 35,055,823 8,203,056 1,840,667 875,189,648 79,955,595 1,158,276 34,827,560 1,324,035 14,260,610 757,844 2,225,860 55,500 93,380,790 46,500 54,240 103,232 76,157,020 1,596,214 20,396,856 64,003,964 8,085 1,068,060 8,500 6,930,920 38,790 258,610 4,845,435 1,278,770 42,260 3,530,690 8,750 144,790 15,115,616 21,139,830.50 836,285 5,000 216,022,047 216,650 3,648,230 1,891,870

-11,742,610 329,110 -19,777,442 -4,056,860 -15,918,090 -395,142 -105,478 115,920.00 9,692,886 -4,609,840 -1,088,870 -2,143,638 -2,999,505 -425,387 -669,160 -355,990 -1,070,520 109,070 -109,162.00 28,496,160 -13,320 16,925,384 250,488 -9,116,114 10,600,696 -315,160 -1,581,980 -2,994 -11,980 -293,270 -479,600 -36,960 38,000 1,940 266,645.00 -14,462,801 96,395,468 32,920 -120,880 -17,280


0.92 52 11.18 0.67 6.4 11.8 0.91 0.93 794.5 2.91 6.53 6.61 13 0.204 800 78 6.14 0.5 3.78 11.92 0.58 3.7 4.88 1.16 158.5 1,074 0.81 1.19 186 0.203 0.198

0.93 52.5 11.28 0.69 6.4 12.32 0.93 0.95 795 2.91 6.7 6.87 13.1 0.227 824 79 6.14 0.5 3.9 11.92 0.6 3.82 5.04 1.27 159.5 1,077 0.82 1.24 186 0.216 0.212

0.88 51.6 11.04 0.67 6.21 11.5 0.91 0.93 775 2.85 6.53 6.6 13 0.204 795.5 75.85 6.14 0.49 3.75 11.38 0.58 3.66 4.68 1.16 156.4 1,046 0.76 1.18 186 0.203 0.198

HOLDING FIRMS 16,595,000 0.9 52 1,921,370 11.12 2,660,200 0.69 14,000 6.4 57,500 11.82 33,100 0.93 1,839,000 0.95 428,000 794.5 1,576,400 2.9 734,000 6.54 388,700 6.73 12,966,800 13.1 75,800 0.227 60,000 810 199,600 76.5 3,162,270 6.14 2,000 0.5 126,000 3.76 532,000 11.38 1,103,100 0.6 26,000 3.81 42,265,000 5.04 217,000 1.2 182,000 157.3 208,620 1,077 478,250 0.79 1,377,000 1.24 13,000 186 230 0.216 200,000 0.212 1,750,000

14,999,780 99,950,304 29,731,136 9,420 367,715 391,898 1,692,650 400,300 1,247,722,455 2,110,610 2,561,809 87,956,835 990,410 13,390 161,612,560 243,439,284.50 12,280 62,335 2,008,910 12,647,072 15,100 159,395,450 1,062,940 218,770 32,819,393 509,078,385 1,049,390 15,500 42,780 40,860 359,790

21,790 -28,666,309 -2,895,190 -12,100 397,450 -32,438,535 -89,580 876,500 -9,869,143 -25,044,060 19,424,108 -37,710 3,050,834 51,218,870 -49,200 -5,210,727 83,163,050 6,320 2,360 9,300 -


14.8 0.73 8.8 1.56 0.82 44 1.97 4.71 6.9 0.55 0.76 0.85 0.184 0.41 9.2 18.4 0.43 1.54 1.07 4.26 0.237 0.42 1.2 0.31 2.15 27.15 2.09 41.5

14.8 0.73 8.8 1.56 0.84 44 1.97 4.78 6.9 0.57 0.76 0.85 0.184 0.41 9.5 18.6 0.43 1.55 1.15 4.38 0.248 0.42 1.23 0.34 2.17 27.75 2.18 41.5

14.68 0.71 8.8 1.35 0.81 43.5 1.84 4.65 6.9 0.55 0.76 0.83 0.184 0.41 9.2 18.26 0.42 1.51 1.07 4.24 0.237 0.42 1.19 0.31 2.1 27.05 2.07 39.65

PROPERTY 14.68 599,000 0.73 120,000 8.8 1,000 1.44 59,000 0.84 967,000 43.9 17,446,600 1.9 2,413,000 4.7 496,000 6.9 100 0.56 2,987,000 0.76 1,000 0.83 3,000 0.184 40,000 0.41 40,000 9.22 59,400 18.26 619,600 0.425 70,000 1.55 21,124,000 1.15 846,000 4.38 43,885,000 0.243 52,760,000 0.42 40,000 2,326,000 1.19 0.335 1,250,000 2.16 540,000 27.75 2,217,700 2.15 265,000 41.05 25,675,700

8,818,680 86,590 8,800 81,830 801,030 766,005,535 4,576,060 2,327,790 690 1,664,950 760 2,530 7,360 16,400 554,225 11,356,472 29,800 32,502,630 913,780 190,022,230 12,819,440 16,800 2,793,190 412,550 1,153,540 60,997,645 576,110 1,042,955,485

-458,720 8,800 4,050 -71,746,225 -182,440 253,190 16,400 -210,209 -4,172,336 5,883,580 37,234,030 29,200 -1,149,060 12,900 -13,077,830 -503,610 148,688,105










2.47 1.65 7.52 5.9

2.47 1.74 7.52 5.9

2.4 1.6 7.46 5.7

2.44 1.67 7.48 5.88

122,000 14,595,000 3,465,200 105,600

293,890 24,703,800 25,910,229 612,546

82,450 -16,974,438 -


9.65 18 1.36 11.56 0.405 0.045 18.3 3.3 10.6 87.15 7.05 5.33 4.99 1.84 8.84 893.5 1,980 5.45 440 11.78 1.35 1.66 134 8 0.1 3.75 1.9 13.94 2.54 14.7 3.22 2.12 1 2.49 2.4 7.5 4.46 139.5 2.58 1,090 0.58 0.345 39.7 79.4 9.39 2.68 0.61 0.285 0.6 18.4

9.8 18.4 1.36 11.56 0.41 0.047 18.3 3.59 11.14 89 7.05 5.57 5 2.01 8.85 893.5 2,048 5.49 449 12 1.35 1.66 135 8 0.102 4.03 1.9 13.94 2.54 14.9 3.22 2.16 1 2.63 2.4 7.5 5 139.5 2.71 1,112 0.61 0.35 39.85 79.5 9.48 2.73 0.62 0.285 0.63 18.6

9.59 18 1.31 11.48 0.4 0.045 18.3 3.26 10.6 87.15 7.05 5.33 4.99 1.84 8.84 890 1,978 5.41 429.2 9.54 1.24 1.66 130.6 7.95 0.1 3.75 1.9 13.94 2.43 13.9 3.19 2.09 1 2.49 2.34 7.31 4.46 137 2.58 1,072 0.58 0.34 39.35 77.8 9.35 2.68 0.6 0.265 0.6 18.2

SERVICES 9.8 18.4 1.32 11.54 0.4 0.045 18.3 3.57 10.88 88.85 7.05 5.57 5 2.01 8.84 890 2,042 5.45 438.2 11.9 1.31 1.66 135 8 0.102 4 1.9 13.94 2.45 13.92 3.21 2.09 1 2.63 2.34 7.5 4.75 138 2.65 1,112 0.6 0.345 39.65 79 9.43 2.7 0.61 0.275 0.63 18.48

5,400 136,500 441,000 1,309,900 960,000 8,000,000 201,600 1,594,000 7,508,500 163,290 1,000 796,500 361,200 41,000 4,700 230 85,795 91,900 33,300 2,300 2,075,000 12,000 2,126,760 20,000 530,000 12,480,000 1,000 200 55,000 1,804,500 651,000 1,369,000 3,000 2,507,000 35,000 14,300 19,600 230 940,000 218,390 4,341,000 4,860,000 447,800 367,710 335,800 1,833,000 2,311,000 8,020,000 632,000 2,547,500

52,393 2,477,970 583,660 15,098,848 387,000 360,600 3,689,280 5,595,130 81,783,104 14,497,659 7,050 4,377,674 1,805,988 75,610 41,560 204,800 172,884,360 500,842 14,625,766 26,278 2,672,580 19,920 282,759,810 159,897 53,270 49,446,250 1,900 2,788 135,230 25,456,854 2,081,450 2,886,590 3,000 6,531,310 82,510 106,694 90,826 31,680 2,492,980 240,797,665 2,581,880 1,688,550 17,733,485 29,149,154 3,157,925 4,956,680 1,404,530 2,192,800 383,570 46,980,170

4,800 -3,058,772 3,689,280 -56,960 20,128,354 -532,263 267,641 -64,400 45,278,190 411,760 44,261,557 159,897 579,420 -9,890,700 -1,238,610 1,000 -91,650.00 -30,600 20,900 -21,072,990 -584,750 -110,000 -1,519,345.00 -7,888,854.50 -877,560 -390,520 2,700 5,071,896


0.0015 9.58 1.09 2.49 10.94 0.99 3.03 0.27 7.2 1.64 0.202 0.101 0.0084 0.0083 0.9 3.18 1.02 0.42 0.76 0.011 0.01 3.21 10.16 22

0.0015 9.58 1.09 2.55 10.94 1.13 3.03 0.275 7.2 1.71 0.202 0.101 0.0084 0.0083 0.9 3.25 1.02 0.425 0.76 0.011 0.011 3.21 10.16 22.2

0.0014 8.71 1.02 2.49 10.94 0.99 2.95 0.265 7.08 1.63 0.199 0.1 0.0084 0.0083 0.9 3.05 1 0.42 0.75 0.011 0.01 3.05 9.52 21.4

MINING & OIL 0.0014 96,000,000 8.97 2,265,300 1.04 1,805,000 2.51 485,000 10.94 100 1.13 5,000 2.96 1,081,000 0.27 480,000 7.08 10,700 1.63 3,806,000 0.199 20,000 0.101 240,000 0.0084 1,000,000 0.0083 1,000,000 0.9 12,000 3.05 13,688,000 1.02 32,000 0.425 870,000 0.75 6,000 0.011 900,000 0.011 83,100,000 3.05 481,000 9.59 1,043,200 21.9 492,900

134,500 20,480,521 1,872,840 1,211,670 1,094 5,510 3,219,810 127,650 75,805 6,267,510 4,010 24,060 8,400 8,300 10,800 43,099,500 32,040 365,450 4,550 9,900 861,900 1,492,300 10,080,088 10,827,330

216,456 -376,550 -1,061,410 746,280.00 -106,000 -767,000 -8,300 -11,536,430 -1,022,280 -582,624 1,881,690


17.9 501 500 100.4 101.2 101 110.7 501 5.3 994 99 100.7 1,040 1,050 102 107 1,029 985 76.8 75 76 76.5 75.4 75.15 76

17.9 502 500 101.5 101.5 101 110.7 505 5.44 994 99.8 100.8 1,040 1,050 102 108.8 1,029 1,000 78.5 75 76 76.5 75.4 75.15 76

17.5 500.5 500 100.4 101.2 100 105 501 5.24 994 99 100.7 1,040 1,050 102 107 1,029 985 76.8 75 76 75.8 75.4 75.15 75.95

PREFERRED 17.5 203,100 500.5 5,200 500 610 101.5 150 101.3 9,540 100.9 7,920 110.7 80 505 200 5.24 51,100 994 10 99.75 9,210 100.8 20 1,040 90 1,050 465 102 100 108.8 110 1,029 680 1,000 150 77 42,310 75 500 76 30 76 53,200 6,000 75.4 75.15 20,000 76 33,320

3,611,290 2,604,775 305,000 15,214 965,906 793,730 8,799 100,680 269,496 9,940 918,695 2,015 93,600 488,250 10,200 11,950 699,720 149,250 3,252,660 37,500 2,280 4,038,056 452,400 1,503,000 2,532,295

971,250 -50,600 -40,080 22,894 -





WARRANTS 1.33 20,000



4 10.4 0.88

4.15 10.5 0.88

3.86 10.24 0.83

SME 4.15 10.24 0.88

1,333,090 2,176,400 2,925,130









10 0.95

10 0.95

10 0.95

58,400 950

-20,000 -

MS Trading Summary
















337,000 210,300 3,421,000

EXCHANGE TRADED FUNDS 116.6 6,290 10 0.95


5,840 1,000


VALUE 1,836.72 (UP) 9.20 1,710,347,926.20 FINANCIAL INDUSTRIAL 9,533.08 (UP) 168.60 1,923,889,914.14 HOLDING FIRMS 7,621.47 (DOWN) 13.98 2,722,340,577.82 PROPERTY 4,067.47 (DOWN) 44.87 1,578.09 (UP) 22.43 2,365,078,633.78 SERVICES MINING & OIL 7,951.24 (DOWN) 156.40 1,049,214,818.675 PSEI 7,793.25 (UP) 16.48 100,232,143.50 All Shares Index 4,605.97 (UP) 0.80 9,878,278,912.08 Gainers: 83; Losers: 111; Unchanged: 54; Total: 248

Lotte Group to keep Pepsi listed on PSE By Jenniffer B. Austria THE Lotte Group of South Korea said it has no plan to delist Pepsi Cola Products Philippines Inc. from the Philippine Stock Exchange. Lotte Group is currently conducting a tender offer to acquire shares it does not own in PCCPI to increase its ownership in the soft drinks manufacturer. Lotte Chilsung Beverage Co. Ltd., a subsidiary of Lotte Corp., offered to acquire up to 2.134 billion common shares, representing 57.78 percent of the company’s total issued outstanding capital stock at a tender offer price of P1.95 apiece. The tender offer price represents a 12.27-percent premium over the sixmonth volume weighted average price and 6.14-percent above the three-month VWAP of PCPPI’s common shares. It is also above the current trading price of the company’s shares. Lotte Chilsung said the tender offer would be an opportunity for shareholders to sell their shares and potentially realize their investment. It said it was undertaking the tender offer as a strategic initiative to acquire significant economic interest in PCPPI. The Korean company said it had no plans that would result in any merger, reorganization or liquidation of PCPPI or that would result in a material change to the company’s corporate structure or business. The tender offer period started on Dec. 12, 2019 and would run until 5 p.m. of Jan. 16, 2020. Lotte Chilsung, one of the biggest beverage companies in South Korea, acquired a significant stake in PCPPI in 2010 after purchasing the combined stakes of Guoco Inc., Hongway and other minority shareholders. Lotte Chilsung holds a 38.8-percent stake in PCPPI while US beverage giant PepsiCo Inc. owns 25 percent in the Philippine company. PCPPI earlier said it would continue to strengthen its core business in the beverage space. The company discontinued local production of snacks under the Cheetos trademark.

BPI selling P3-b fixed-rate bonds to support growth By Julito G. Rada BANK of the Philippine Islands, the third-largest lender in terms of assets, plans to raise up to P3 billion from the issuance of peso fixed-rate bonds to support growth and diversify funding sources. BPI said in a statement Tuesday the offer period would run from Jan. 13 to 17, 2020. “Proceeds from this bond offering will support the bank’s expansion plans and diversify funding sources,” it said. The bonds will have a tenor of two years and an interest rate of 4.2423 percent per annum, paid quarterly, with the minimum investment amount of P1,000,000 in increments of P100,000 thereafter. The issue and listing date for the bonds is Jan. 24, 2020. BPI said it reserves the right to adjust the timing of any of these dates as appropriate. “We are confident that investors will continue to support BPI’s fund-raising initiatives, as backed by the bank’s robust credit metrics,” BPI treasurer Dino Gasmen said. BPI Capital Corp. and the local unit of Standard Chartered Bank are the joint lead arrangers of the bonds. BPI Capital Corp. is the sole selling agent, while Standard Chartered Bank is the participating selling agent. BPI remains one of the biggest universal and commercial banks in the country in terms of assets, loans, deposits and coverage. BPI booked a 29.5-percent increase in net income to P22.03 billion in the first nine months of 2019 from P17.01 billion a year ago after a strong performance in the third quarter. Revenues surged by 24.8 percent to P71 billion from January to September compared to P56.89 billion in the same period a year ago. The bank’s loan book rose by 8.2 percent to P1.37 trillion in the first nine months from P1.27 trillion a year earlier on the back of higher consumer and corporate loans. BPI’s deposit base rose 5 percent to P1.62 trillion from P1.54 trillion, translating into a CASA deposit ratio of 69.1 percent and a loan-to-deposit ratio of 84.7 percent.




Canada yet to decide if it will pay for royals’ security costs

GOING AFTER BREAKFAST. A Siberian tiger tries to catch a chicken in its enclosure at the Siberian Tiger Park in Harbin, in northeast China’s Heilongjiang province, on January 14, 2020. AFP


Six die as sinkhole swallows bus in China

BEIJING―An enormous sinkhole swallowed a bus and pedestrians in northwest China, sparking an explosion, killing six people and leaving four more missing, state media said Tuesday. Footage showed people at a bus stop running from the collapsing road as the vehicle―jutting into the air―sank into the ground. Several people disappeared into the sinkhole as it spread, including what appeared to be a child. The incident also triggered an explosion inside the hole, video showed. Sinkholes are not unknown in China, where they are often blamed on construction works and the country’s rapid pace of development. The incident occurred at around 5:30 pm (0930 GMT) on Monday in Xining, the capital of Qinghai province, the state-run broadcaster CCTV said. A search and rescue operation involving more than 1,000 people and 30 vehicles was underway, according to the official Xinhua news agency. An investigation into the cause has been opened. Video footage published by state broadcaster CGTN showed a person being pulled from the hole by rescue workers. The collapse left a 860-square-foot pit in the street outside a hospital. The 16 injured were taken to hospital and are in a stable condition, Xinhua added, citing a local emergency management official. AFP

Taiwan separatists ‘to stink forever’

JAKARTA―Jakarta’s governor has been hit with a lawsuit filed by residents of the sprawling city after torrential rain sparked floods and landslides that killed dozens and left thousands homeless, a lawyer said Tuesday. More than 200 flood victims are seeking a total of 43 billion rupiah ($3 million) in compensation in the class action, which was filed Monday in Jakarta district court. The suit claims Governor Anies Baswedan was responsible for failing to provide the megacity with a proper early-warning system and effective emergency measures to minimize deaths and financial losses. The city’s legal bureau did not immediately respond to a request for comment. “This should serve as a lesson for local government elsewhere to be more aware of disaster mitigation,” lawyer Alvon Kurnia Palma told AFP. “If this happens in Jakarta, where the central government is located, it could happen anywhere,” he added. The disaster caused at least $72 million in damage and monetary losses, according to business lobby the Indonesian Indigenous Entrepreneurs Association. AFP

minister Bill Morneau, who was interviewed earlier Monday about British press reports that Trudeau had assured Queen Elizabeth II that Canada would cover security costs for Harry and Meghan. “We obviously are always looking to make sure, as a member of the Commonwealth, we play a role,” Morneau said. British press had reported Canada would contribute $650,000 (500,000 pounds) per year. Canadian media have estimated that protecting the couple and their baby son Archie would cost about $1.3 million (Can$1.7 million) per year. Canadian taxpayers have traditionally contributed towards security costs when members of the Royal Family visit the country. Prince Harry and Meghan, formally known as the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, have said their official plan is to continue to “fully support” the queen and honour their duties to the Commonwealth and their patronages. AFP

Trump trial possibly only days away


ASHINGTON― The trial of President Donald Trump for abuse of power and obstruction could open within days as House of Representatives leader Nancy Pelosi convenes Democrats early Tuesday to discuss sending impeachment charges to the Senate. Pelosi appeared ready to move ahead after holding onto the articles of impeachment since they were passed on December 18 to pressure the Republican-controlled Senate to agree to subpoena witnesses with direct knowledge of what Trump is charged with: illicitly seeking help from Ukraine for his reelection campaign this year. But with Senate Majority leader Mitch McConnell refusing to agree up front on the witness issue, Pelosi is now

expected to forward the case without a deal and see the president placed on trial by next week. Pelosi’s House Democratic caucus is expected to discuss the schedule for a full vote in the House of Representatives, the lower chamber, on forwarding the case. They also have to decide who will comprise their team of impeachment managers to argue the case against Trump in the Senate, the upper chamber. Once the House forwards the charges, the Senate has to begin trial proceedings within one day. On the first day, senators will decide the rules of the historic trial. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts will then be sworn in to preside; in turn he will swear in the 100 senators to preside as judges and jury over Trump’s fate. Republican Senator John Cornyn told The Hill news website that he expects all that could happen within this week, and that opening arguments in the trial could take place as early as Tuesday, January 21, after Monday’s federal holiday. “That’s what it feels like right now,”

BEIJING―Taiwan separatists are doomed to “stink for eternity”, China’s top diplomat warned after the island’s President Tsai Ingwen won a landslide re-election victory in a stinging rebuke to Beijing. Tsai, who has drawn the ire of Beijing for refusing to acknowledge that Taiwan is part of “one China”, secured a record-breaking win in Saturday’s vote. But Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi dismissed her victory and warned supporters of Taiwan independence during a weeklong tour through Africa. “Splitting the country is doomed to leave a name that will stink for eternity,” Wang said in a statement on Monday. The “one-China principle” is a “universal consensus” held by the international community, he said, and one that will “not be affected in the slightest by a local election in Taiwan.” Beijing, which has vowed to one day take Taiwan -- by force if necessary -- loathes Tsai, who has pitched herself as a defender of liberal democratic values against an increasingly authoritarian China. Over the last four years, the Chinese government has ramped up economic, military and diplomatic pressure on the island, hoping it would scare voters into supporting Tsai’s opposition. But the strong-arm tactics have backfired and voters flocked to Tsai’s Democratic Progressive Party, fuelled in part by China’s hardline response to months of huge and violent pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong. After Tsai’s victory, China doubled down on its “one-China principle”, with foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang emphasising that “there is only one China in the world and Taiwan is part of China.” AFP

Residents sue over deadly disaster

MONTREAL―The Canadian government has yet to decide whether it will assume the security costs associated with Prince Harry and Meghan Markle’s decision to split their time between Canada and Britain, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Monday. “I think that is part of the reflection that... needs to be had, and there are discussions going on,” Trudeau said in an interview with Canadian television channel Global. “We’re not entirely sure what the final decisions will be, where the dispositions are and those are decisions for them,” he said. Harry and Meghan caught the world off guard last week when they announced their intention to step back from front-line royal duties. According to Trudeau, Canadians are “very supportive” of having the royal couple live in Canada, but there are still “lots of discussions to have.” “We haven’t spent any time thinking about this issue,” said Canadian finance

Cornyn said. Trump’s Republican party hold a solid majority in the Senate and are expected to exonerate him. But the witness issue remains a point of contention. Democrats want at least four current and former top Trump aides to appear at the trial, after Trump barred them from testifying in the House impeachment investigation. They also want documents related to the charges that Trump refused to hand over to the House probe. The witnesses and documents, Democrats believe, could deliver more concrete evidence that Trump abused his powers for personal political gain and obstructed the Congressional investigation. “In the Clinton impeachment process, 66 witnesses were allowed to testify including 3 in the Senate trial, and 90,000 pages of documents were turned over,” Pelosi said via Twitter Monday. “Trump was too afraid to let any of his top aides testify & covered up every single document. The Senate must #EndTheCoverUp.”

But McConnell, backed by the Republicans’ 53-47 Senate majority, says he won’t agree on the issue before the trial opens. McConnell cites president Bill Clinton’s impeachment trial in 1999, when the contentious witness issue was put off until after opening arguments were made. Then the two sides agreed to allow three witnesses against Clinton to be deposed. But in that case Republicans held all the power in Congress against a Democratic president. In this case, with defendant Trump’s own Republican party in control of the Senate, which sets the rules for the case, Pelosi has little real leverage outside of public pressure. Democrats are hoping that three or more Republican senators break ranks to insist on the witnesses. “House Democrats have already done enough damage to precedent, to national unity, and to our institutions of government,” McConnell said in a statement Monday. AFP

Libyan strongman Haftar delays signing ceasefire at Moscow talks PREMIERE.

Actor McKenna Grace and writer Lucy Alibar arrive at the premiere of Amazon Studios’ ‘Troop Zero’ at Pacific Theaters at The Grove on January 13, 2020, in Los Angeles, California. AFP

MOSCOW―Libya’s eastern strongman General Khalifa Haftar delayed signing a ceasefire agreement at the talks in Moscow, but Russia said it was hopeful the country’s warring rivals would soon conclude the deal to end nine months of fighting. Talks on the terms of a ceasefire between Haftar’s forces and the UN-recognized government headed by Fayez al-Sarraj went on for seven hours on Monday without the two delegations actually meeting, though Moscow noted “certain progress”. Sarraj’s Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli has been under attack since last April from forces loyal to Haftar, who is based in the east of the oil-rich North African country with his loyalist politicians. The two sides were expected to agree the terms of a ceasefire that took effect over the weekend, raising hopes of an end to the latest fighting to wrack Libya since a 2011 NATO-backed uprising killed longtime dictator Moamer Kadhafi. Western powers are keen to stabilize Libya―home to Africa’s largest proven crude reserves―because of concerns Islamist militants and migrant smugglers, already active, will take

advantage of the chaos. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Sarraj and the head of High Council of State in Tripoli, Khaled alMechri, had signed the document. But Haftar and his ally Aguila Saleh “have asked for a bit more time until morning” to study it, he said. Turkey and Russia’s foreign and defence ministers acted as mediators, but the rival delegations did not apparently come face-to-face. “We have refused any meeting with Haftar,” al-Mechri was quoted as saying by Libya al-Ahrar television channel. The ceasefire initiative was launched by President Vladimir Putin and Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who jointly called for a truce in Istanbul last week. A fragile ceasefire went into effect from midnight Sunday, but Erdogan on Monday reiterated the “urgent necessity” for a permanent agreement after meeting with Italy’s prime minister. German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited Putin on Saturday and he supported her drive to hold a peace conference sponsored by the United Nations. Berlin said Monday the summit was planned for later this month. AFP

New climate model suggests Paris goals may be out of reach PARIS―New climate models show carbon dioxide is a more potent greenhouse gas than previously understood, a finding that could push the Paris treaty goals for capping global warming out of reach, scientists have told AFP. Developed in parallel by separate teams in half-adozen countries, the models―which will underpin revised UN temperature projections next year―suggest scientists have for decades consistently underestimated the warming potential of CO2. Vastly more data and computing power has become available since the current Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projections were finalized in 2013. “We have better models now,” Olivier Boucher, head of the Institut Pierre Simon Laplace Climate Modeling Center in Paris, told AFP, adding that they “represent current climate trends more accurately”. The most influential projections from government-

backed teams in the US, Britain, France and Canada point to a future in which CO2 concentrations that have long been equated with a 3C world would more likely heat the planet’s surface by four or five degrees. “If you think the new models give a more realistic picture, then it will, of course, be harder to achieve the Paris targets, whether it is 1.5 or two degrees Celsius,” scientist Mark Zelinka told AFP. Zelinka, from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, is the lead author of the first peer-reviewed assessment of the new generation of models, published earlier this month in Geophysical Research Letters. For more than a century, scientists have puzzled over a deceptively simple question: if the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere doubles, how much will Earth’s surface warm over time? The resulting temperature increase is known as Earth’s “climate sensitivity”.

That number has been hard to pin down due to a host of elusive variables. Whether oceans and forests, for example, will continue to absorb more than half of the CO2 emitted by humanity is hard to predict. But the biggest wild card has always been clouds. “How clouds evolve in a warmer climate and whether they will exert a tempering or amplifying effect has long been a major source of uncertainty,” explained Imperial College London researcher Joeri Rogelj, the lead IPCC author on the global carbon budget -- the amount of greenhouse gases that can be emitted without exceeding a given temperature cap. The new models reflect a better understanding of cloud dynamics in at least two ways that reinforce the warming impact of CO2. Zelinka said new research had confirmed high clouds in the bottom layer of Earth’s atmosphere boost the Sun’s radiation—and global heating accentuates that dynamic. AFP


Jimbo Owen Gulle, Editor




Davao City gives 5k food packs to aid families DAVAO CITY—The city government here is sending 5,000 food packs to families displaced by the eruption of Taal Volcano, the chief of the Task Force Davao said Tuesday. Col. Consolito Yecla, TFD commander, said the goods will be delivered to those who are in evacuation centers in the Batangas municipalities of Sto. Tomas, Tanauan, and Calaca. Yecla said TFD troops, who have been tasked to distribute the relief goods, are eyeing to reach the evacuation centers on Jan. 17 or sooner, depending on the possible hitches in transporting the goods to Batangas. “While it may take days to reach its destination since the task group has to travel the winding roads of the three main islands and has to cross the seas twice, the Task Force Oplan “Tabang” organized by City Mayor Inday Sara Duterte hopes to ease the suffering of the evacuees,” he said. Yecla said he was saddened with the difficult conditions of the displaced families, recalling the situation of other victims of natural calamities in the Davao Region late last year. “That is the reason why at the first sign of the disaster, Mayor Inday [Sara Duterte] immediately organized and will send relief goods on behalf of the people of Davao.” The city government here is currently accepting donations from Dabawenyos who may want to help the displaced families affected by the Taal eruption. The public has been encouraged to donate N95 masks, food, bottled water, blankets, mosquito nets, sleeping mats and hygiene kits. Yecla added that those who wish to donate may go directly to the headquarters of TFD at the Sta. Ana Wharf Compound, in this city. PNA

DepEd: ‘Ursula’ damaged 861 classrooms in E. Visayas PALO, LEYTE—A total of 861 classrooms in Eastern Visayas were damaged by Typhoon “Ursula” (“Phanfone”) which crossed the region on Christmas Eve, the Department of Education (DepEd) reported on Monday. Based on consolidated reports, 241 classrooms incurred major damages while 571 had minor damages, said Jazmin Calzita, DepEd Eastern Visayas regional information officer. Among the 13 DepEd field offices in the region, only Baybay City, Maasin City, Northern Samar, and Southern Leyte have not reported any damage in their school facilities and learning materials. Leyte has the highest number of damaged classrooms at 250, followed by Western Samar with 173; Ormoc City, 173; Eastern Samar, 95; Biliran, 92; Borongan City, 55; Tacloban City, 19; and Catbalogan City, 8. “Despite reported damages, all schools are operational and have resumed classes on January 6,” Calzita said. Typhoon-hit campuses need at least 175 temporary learning spaces to accommodate learners. Damages were mostly caused by flooding and strong winds. In Basey and Sat. Rita, Samar, a one-meter storm surge destroyed several classrooms. For non-infrastructure damages, 2,296 pieces of furniture were destroyed, 9,621 learning resources, and 678 computer sets. To address this problem, the DepEd is working on the immediate provision of temporary learning spaces and additional learning materials, and for long-term needs, construction of more disasterresilient classrooms.PNA

‘PA-BURGER NI KUYA.’ Children in Bagac, Bataan enjoy the burgers given to them by Bagong Gilas Association, which handed out the meal to 200 kids in Sitio Sibacan, Brgy. Pag-asa on Saturday. Dubbed ‘Pa-Burger ni Kuya,’ the project was the first of the association. Butch Gunio, president of Bagong Gilas, said they will conduct the activity in all barangays of the town, as the next burger distribution will be in Sitio Salaman, Pag-asa, this weekend. They will also distribute ecobags at the Bagac Public Market soon, as the association will partner with foundations for bigger projects to help the town’s residents.

FARM TOURISM GAB. The 6th Philippine Farm Tourism Conference, attended by tourism stakeholders around the country, recently wrapped at the Cebu Marco Polo Plaza ballroom. Highlighting the event was the 2019 Lakbay Bukid Awards, whose recipients were Zac Sarian (Rizal); Princess Kumala Sug-Elardo (Pana Mao, Sulu), Ramon Peñalosa Jr. (Bacolod) and Pandurang Taware of India. Welcoming the participants are (from left) Virgilio Espeleta, president, Cebu Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Bohol Gov. Arthur Yap; Cebu City Vice Mayor Mike Rama; former president and Speaker Gloria Macapagal Arroyo; Roxana Mula, DAR OIC and Assistant Director Agriculture Training Institute; Dr. Mina Gabor, Chair and president International School of Sustainable Tourism; the representative of former Social Welfare Secretary Corazon Alma de Leon, ISST Senior VP for Domestic Relations; and Robert Lim Joseph, ISST Vice Chair and Republic of Latvia Consul General.

Munti donates P3m to 3 Batangas towns


HE local government of Muntinlupa is set to donate P3 million in financial assistance to Batangas towns affected by Taal Volcano’s eruption and has started packing relief goods to be distributed to evacuees. Mayor Jaime Fresnedi endorsed the donation for the municipalities of Talisay, Laurel and Agoncillo, Batangas to aid the victims’ recovery and rehabilitation. The City Council enacted and approved an ordinance for the financial aid on Tuesday. Fresnedi called for the public to con-

tinue to stand in prayer for the safety of affected families in Batanga, and encouraged city residents to participate in donation drives. The local Social Services Department have started packing relief packs including canned goods, water, rice, and other non-food items. Muntinlupa Social Services Department chief Analyn Mercado said the City Government is also accepting any kind of donations at Muntinlupa Resiliency Building (Hall of Justice Compound) in Brgy. Tunasan or Annex Building, Muntinlupa City Hall. To donate, the public may coordinate with SSD at (02) 8861 6223 and may look for Ms. Analyn Mercado. On Monday, Muntinlupa sent a group of health workers and emergency services staff were sent to Talisay, Batangas to assist in the ongoing rescue and

relief operations. Muntinlupa City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Officer Erwin Alfonso is closely coordinating with Region IV-A officials in providing services to affected local government units. Muntinlupa Environmental Sanitation Center and other barangay government have started cleaning operations in major thoroughfares and secondary roads in the city. Street sweepers and other emergency responders were advised to use masks during operations. ESC earlier released an advisory to refrain from using water in cleaning ash deposits and dumping volcanic ash residue to drainages and bodies of water. More than 36,000 pieces of face masks were also purchased by the City Government and distributed to communities in local barangay health centers.

Taguig deploys team to assist Taal evacuees By Joel E. Zurbano THE city government of Taguig has deployed a special team to assist local governments of Batangas and Cavite in their rescue operation for the families affected by the Taal Volcano eruption. At around 3:30 a.m. Tuesday, the Taguig Rescue team and the City Social Welfare and Development Office arrived at the Tagaytay City Centrum where the relief goods and other assistance eruption were turned over. Tagaytay City Social Welfare and Development Office head Elma Patawe officially received the city’s assistance for the victims of the calamity. Among the relief goods delivered and handed over by Taguig include boxes of bottled water, facial masks (N95), hygiene kits (toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, face towel, shampoo) and family food packs (rice, noodles, canned goods, coffee, biscuits). Taguig City firetrucks also distributed water to residents of Barangay Kaybagal Central in Tagaytay.

Manila seizes contraband meat worth P15m By Willie Casas

Resources for the Blind’s executive director Amy Mojica and Resource Development head Lorinda Ang warmly receive the annual donation from PSBank turned over by senior vice president and Information Technology group head Neil Estrellado, accompanied by People Communications and Events head Dylan de Mesa, and Corporate Communications head Marco Sindiong. Photo above shows PSBank, represented by its Glee Club members Maui Francisco and Arvy Vergara, together with Sindiong, joining the Chosen Children Foundation’s founder Lita Fullerton and some of her village ‘angels’ in the official check donation turnover.

A TOTAL of 6.1 tons of contraband meat and wildlife parts worth P15 million were seized by the City Government of Manila’s Veterinary Inspection Board during operations in Binondo, Manila last Monday. The VIB Manila operatives seized exotic meat from turtles, sea lions, lizards, and other contraband. Also seized were pork, beef, chicken and fish products. Manila Mayor Francisco “Isko” Moreno Domagoso ordered the arrest and filing of charges of the suspects, including a Chinese national who was caught selling the prohibited meat. The city government operatives identified the suspects as Cai Chang Fen, Rogelio Endrinal and Joshua Almario. “Put him in jail even if he is Chinese,” said Domagoso. The suspects are facing criminal charges for violating Republic Act 10536 (Meat Inspection Code of the Philippines), RA 10611 (Food Safety Act), and RA 9147 (Wildlife Resources Conservation And Protection Act).

PSBank brings cheers, gives annual support to partner orgs AS TESTAMENT to its longstanding mission of being simple and reliable, and of being a bank that truly cares, PSBank once again turned over its annual support donation to its partner organizations, intended to benefit the proper formation and education of well-deserving, disabled, and lessfortunate youths. PSBank, represented by its officers, visited the sites of the Chosen Children Foundation and Resources for the Blind, to officially give the donations and to meet the beneficiaries. These visits resulted in meaningful engagements of PSBankers with the recipients, allowing them to spread cheer in this holiday season of joy and sharing.

Specific to the visit with the Chosen Children Foundation, PSBank’s Glee Club, through their delightful and emotional renditions of Christmas songs, serenaded the village’s children. The members were privileged to also be presented with a special performance by the village’s “angels,” a number which proudly showcased the great talents of the community. The support that the Bank continually gives to these institutions is underscored by its firm commitment to have a strong, lasting impact on the lives of Filipinos, most especially those in society who are in need―an undertaking that is ingrained in each PSBanker.


Bernadette Lunas, Issue Editor @manilastandardlife @MStandardLIFE



Pia Wurtzbach keeps it real


Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach finally reveals why she’s glowing and looking more youthful than ever—she owes it to a non-invasive skin lifting and tightening treatment.


HETHER the rumor that Pia Wurtzbach is in love and currently in a relationship is true or not, one thing is quite noticeable, the queen is glowing. And she reveals why.

The Miss Universe 2015 shares the secret to her youthful skin is Ultherapy, a US FDAcleared non-invasive treatment used to lift and tighten the skin on the brows, chin, and neck areas, and improve lines on the décolletage. Wurtzbach started her #BeYoutifulStory with Ultherapy in 2018, and has since then undergone the treatment twice.

Pia prefers treatments that do not change or alter the way she looks, rather enhances it.

“I’m getting the results I wanted and expected,” shares the 30-year-old beauty queen and model. “What I love about it is that it doesn’t change or alter the way I look, rather it enhances the features I already have.” The treatment uses Microfocused Ultrasound with Visualization to kick-start the body’s natural collagen production by targeting the innermost foundational layer of the skin at 4.5 mm. “Ultherapy’s the only one that uses this kind of technology,” says Dr. Sabrina Fabi,


a leader in cosmetic surgery and an official expert on the said treatment. “It’s on a microscopic level. It’s more precise so you won’t harm the surrounding cells.” Ultherapy is not the same as High Intensity Focused Ultrasound treatments that break up the fat which, according to Dr. Fabi, is counterproductive because it’s fat that actually gives the skin a more youthful look. “Before having my first ever Ultherapy treatment, I made sure to do my research—I consulted my trusted derma, Dr. CRB, and checked the authenticity of the machine,” shares Wurtzbach. Because of Ultherapy’s significant results and notable patient satisfaction, there has been an increase of fake machines claiming to give the same results at a cheaper price. “These copycat machines don’t go through rigorous investigations and clinical trials in order to prove their safety and efficacy,” reveals Dr. Fabi. “Those taking a risk with these machines are also taking a risk on their skin. They’ll either leave with no change at all or worse, a permanent damage,” she adds. Ultherapy currently has 79 partner clinics across the Philippines, all of which have an Authenticity Plaque and Authenticity Seal.

Metrowear Style Awards to recognize PH fashion icons THIRTY individuals, all instrumental in today’s Philippine fashion industry, will be awarded in the upcoming Metrowear Style Awards. As part of its 30th anniversary, Metro honors top designers, muses, and photographers who have helped the magazine inspire and transform lives for three decades. In addition to collaborating with the magazine, the 30 personalities were chosen based on their significant contributions to their respective fields. First set of awardees consists of the 10 photographers—Xander Angeles, Sara Black, Jun de Leon, Dookie Ducay, Raymund Isaac, Mark Nicdao, Neal Oshima, BJ Pascual, Doc Marlon Pecjo, and Ronnie Salvacion— who have created some of Metro’s most iconic images. Heart Evangelista is one of the 10 muses to be awarded at Metrowear Style Awards. (@iamhearte/Instagram)

“With works ranging from art to editorial to commercial, they have produced stunning cover images for the magazine’s three-decade history,” Metro said in a statement. Metrowear Icons and this year’s awardees Auggie Cordero, Patty Ang, Mark Bumgarner, Lulu Tan Gan, Rajo Laurel, Michael Leyva, Randy Ortiz, Vania Romoff, Cary Santiago, and Joey Samson are noted for their creative visions expressed in Metro covers or through the Metrowear fashion show. Finally, 10 muses—Angel Aquino, Iza Calzado, Kim Chiu, Anne Curtis, Heart Evangelista, Lucy TorresGomez, Kelsey Merritt, Tina Maristela-Ocampo, Bea Valdes, and Pia Wurtzbach—will once again take the spotlight and make their mark during the awards night. “They have not only graced the cover of Metro but have also made noteworthy contributions to the fashion industry whether as models, celebrity muses, designers, or global influencers.” Designer Mark Bumgarner will be recognized for his body of work and contributions to Metro magazine. (@markbumgarner/ Instagram)

British Vogue recognizes Annie & Lori’s clogs and mules that feature indigenous textiles.

Filipino footwear brand in British Vogue A LOCAL footwear brand steps in the pages of fashion magazine British Vogue in January. Quezon City-based Annie & Lori is the only Filipino label in the magazine’s Designer Profile section, which pays tribute to up and coming fashion brands. British Vogue highlights Annie & Lori’s designs inspired by the Filipino culture and heritage. On spotlight are the brand’s modern update of the bakya or wooden clogs, and mules that use unique indigenous textiles. “We were extremely excited when British Vogue contacted us a couple of months ago to say they would like to feature Annie & Lori,” shares Faith Mijares. “It’s a dream come true and this will definitely inspire us to continue creating more beautiful sandals for the Filipina and for more women in other parts of the world.” Annie & Lori’s pure leather sandals enjoy a steady following in the Southeast Asia, particularly in Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Some of the personalities who have worn the brand include international

Homegrown brand Annie & Lori is the only Filipino label in Vogue’s Designer Profile section this January.

model Kelsey Merritt, Miss Universe 2018 Catriona Gray, Miss International 2016 Kylie Versoza, Singaporean fashion blogger Jessica Tham, and Indonesia’s Eliza Zachandra, among many others. According to the brand, it is expanding to Australia and New Zealand.



Republic of the Philippines



BOARD RESOLUTION NO. WHEREAS, the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP) was created by virtue of Republic Act Number 9497 (R A 9497) which took effect on 23rd of March 2008, WHEREAS, Section 4 of R.A. No. 9497 provides that -

Chapter 4 Chapter 5

CAR-SM I.S. I.S. 3

I.S. 4.1.1 WHEREAS, in May 2011, after public hearing and consultation by the CAAP Regulations Review Committee (RRC) and on the basis of the recommendations of the Directors General, the CAAP Board of Directors duly approved the 2011’ Revised Philippine Civil Aviation Regulations (PCAR);

WHEREAS, on 23rd of September 2011, the Director General recommended and the Board approved the following

WHEREAS, the CAAP Board of Directors established the very foundation of aviation regulations □ the PCAR and CARAANS, and what is needed, as requested by the Director General, aside from the implementation of these vital aviation regulations, is the regulation on amendatory/revision process, timely in character, as recommended by the ICAO and FAA in their Audit Findings, and immediate promulgation of new and updated aviation regulations within the primary competence, jurisdiction and technical expertise of the Director General, the Flight Standard Inspectorate Service (FSIS), and, the Aerodrome and Air Navigation Safety Oversight Organization (AANSOO), WHEREFORE, RESOLVE, as it is hereby RESOLVED, that request of the Director General for the approval of REGULATIONS AMENDMENT PROCEDURES for Philippine Civil Aviation Regulations, Manuals, Technical Guidance Materials and Civil Aviation Regulations – Aerodrome and Air Navigation Service, be APPROVED, and shall be valid and effective upon completion of the requisite publication in the Official Gazette or newspaper of general circulation and a copy filed with the University of the Philippines Law Center-Office of the National Administrative Register (UP-ONAR); RESOLVED further that any issuance or promulgation or order made by the Director General arising from the immediate implementation involving safety issues covering the Philippine Civil Aviation Regulations (PCAR and CARANS) is immediately executory subject to appeal to the CAAP Board of Directors for proper resolution within ten (10) days from publication or receipt of notice of the subject matter, if an y issue arises. Approved this




I.S. 5.3.1

1. 1.1 1.2 1.2.1 1.2.2 1.2.3 1.2.4 2. 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 4. 4.1 4.2

5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 I.S. 3

I.S. 5.3.1


05 November 2019

Note 1.― Safety management provisions are contained in Chapter 3 and relate to a Philippine State Safety Programme.


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Note 2.— Within the context of this CAR-SM, the term “service provider” refers to those organizations listed in Chapter 3, and does not include international general aviation operators.


Amendment 1

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Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Original Issue Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Original Issue Original Issue Original Issue Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Original Issue Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Amendment 1

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Amendment 1

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Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Amendment 1 Amendment 1

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RECORD OF AMENDMENTS AND CORRIGENDA………… LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES…………………………………… PUBLICATIONS………………………………………………… INTRODUCTION……………………………………………… CHAPTER 1…………………………………………………… GENERAL……………………………………………………….. APPLICABILITY ……………………………………………… RULES OF CONSTRUCTION………………………………… RULES OF CONSTRUCTION OF CAR SM….…………… ORGANIZATION OF REGULATIONS……………………… REGULATIONS AMENDMENT PROCEDURE…………… ABBREVIATIONS…………………………………………… CHAPTER 2………………………………………………………. DEFINITIONS………………………………………………… CHAPTER 3……………………………………………………………………….. STATE SAFETY MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITIES…… STATE SAFETY PROGRAMME……………………………… STATE SAFETY POLICY, OBJECTIVES AND RESOURCES……. STATE SAFETY RISK MANAGEMENT………………………… STATE SAFETY ASSURANCE…………………………………… STATE SAFETY PROMOTION……………………………………… CHAPTER 4………………………………………………………… SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM…………………… GENERAL………………………………………………… International General Aviation – Airplanes……………………… CHAPTER 5…………………………………………………………………..…… SAFETY DATA AND SAFETY INFORMATION COLLECTION, ANALYSIS, PROTECTION, SHARING AND EXCHANGE……… Safety Data Collection and Processing Systems……………………..… Safety Data and Safety Information Analysis……………………… Safety Data and Safety Information Protection…………………… Safety Information Sharing and Exchange……………………… IMPLEMENTING STANDARDS……………………………… STATE SAFETY OVERSIGHT (SSO) SYSTEM CRITICAL ELEMENTS (CEs)………………………………………………………… 1. Primary Aviation Legislation (CE-1)…………………………… 2. Specific Operating Regulations (CE-2)………………………. 3. State System and Functions (CE-3)…………………………… 4. Qualified Technical Personnel (CE-4)………………………… 5. Technical Guidance, Tools and Provision of Safety-Critical Information (CE-5).............................................................................. 6. Licensing, Certification, Authorization and/or Approval Obligations (CE-6)…………………………………… 7. Surveillance Obligations (CE-7)…………………… 8. Resolution of Safety Issues (CE-8)………………………... FRAMEWORK FOR A SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SMS) - Service Provider Level………………………………………………….. 1. Safety Policy and Objectives……… 2. Safety Risk Management……………… 3. Safety Assurance………………………………… 4. Safety Promotion …………………………………… PRINCIPLES FOR THE PROTECTION OF SAFETY DATA, SAFETY INFORMATION AND RELATED SOURCES……………………….…….. 1. General Principles…………………………………………….......... 2. Principles of Protection………………………………………………. 3. Principles of Exception……………………………………………….. 4. Public Disclosure……………………………………………………… 5. Responsibility of the Custodian of Safety Data and Safety

iii iv viii x 1-1 1-1 1-1 1-1 1-1 1.2 1.2 1-4 2-1 2-1

Note 4.— No provision of this CAR-SM is intended to transfer to the Authority the responsibilities of the aviation service provider or operator. This includes functions related to, or in direct support of, the safe operation of aircraft. Note 5.— In the context of this CAR-SM, “responsibility” (singular) refers to “State responsibility” with respect to international obligations under the Convention on International Civil Aviation, while “responsibilities” (plural) should be given its ordinary meaning (i.e., when referring to functions and activities that may be delegated). 1.2 RULES OF CONSTRUCTION 1.2.1 RULES OF CONSTRUCTION OF CAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Throughout this regulation, the following word usage applies: a)

Shall indicates a mandatory requirement.


May indicates that discretion can be used when performing an act described in a regulation.


Will indicates an action incumbent upon the Authority.


Includes means “includes but is not limited to”.


Prescribed means the Authority has issued written policy methodology which imposes either a mandatory requirement if the written policy or methodology states ‘shall’, or a discretionary requirement if the written policy or methodology states “may”.


Approved means the Authority has reviewed the method, procedure or policy in question and issued a formal written approval.


Should indicates a recommended practice.



Definitions of terms used in this regulation which are not self-explanatory, in that they do not have accepted dictionary means;


Introduction comprising explanatory material at the beginning of this regulation to assist in the understanding of the application of the text;


Notes included in the texts, where appropriate, to factual information or references bearing on this regulation in questions, or included as guide to their application;


Implementing Standards provide detailed requirements that support the intent of a regulation. The following procedure is prescribed to incorporate an amendment to thisregulation. There shall be a Safety Management Regulations Review Committee (the RRCommittee), consisting of the representatives from the State Safety Program Office (SSPO), the Flight Standards Inspectorate Service (FSIS), the Aerodrome and Air Navigation Safety Oversight Office (AANSOO), the Enforcement and Legal Service (ELS), theInternational Civil Aviation Coordinating Staff (ICACS)and the concerned Services/Directorates of the Authority. The concerned Service/Directorate shall file a requirement for an amendment to this regulation to the SM RR-Committee. An operator or a member of public may send their request for an amendment to this regulation to the Director General for the attention of the SM RR-Committee. The Amendment Cycle shall be twice every year, in January and July, commencing on CY 2019. When there is a requirement to issue an immediate amendment to the regulation, it can be done by promulgating a “Temporary Amendment” in colored pages by a Memorandum Circular. Such a Temporary Amendment shall be merged in the next regular Amendment Cycle, and the Temporary Amendment/Memorandum Circular shall stand automatically cancelled thereafter. An example of processing an amendment is stated in the succeeding paragraphs. For example, as and when the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) issues a safety management amendment to Annexes 1, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14 and 19, the SSPO shall review the contents of each amendment, assess its applicability to Republic of the Philippines, and accordingly advise the RR-Committee. The other Services/Directorates shall do the same in respect of their related Annexes. The RR-Committee shall deliberate and decide whether to “accept” the Annex-amendment or to file a difference with the ICAO, and advise the DirectorGeneral accordingly. When the Annex-amendment is to be “accepted”, the ICACS shall arrange to notify the ICAO accordingly, and file difference(s), if any, separately with ICAO, in accordance with the prescribed procedure. The secretariat of the RR-Committee shall maintain necessary documentation related CAR-SM amendment, including the records (such as, record of discussions in respect of industry and other consultations).

5-1 The SSPO shall work out a suitable amendment text for the CAR-SM, based on the “accepted” part of the Annex-amendment and put up to the Director General, through the RR-Committee. As prescribed by the Civil Aviation Authority Act of 2008 (Republic Act No. 9497) Sections 24 (j) and 25, on recommendation of the Director General, the Board will approve the CAR-SM amendment for promulgation. The CAAP will then publish the CAR-SM amendment in accordance with the prescribed procedure.

5-1 5-1 5-1 5-1 5-3 I.S. 1-1 The RR-Committee shall ensure that whenever an amendment to this regulations issued, the copy of CAR-SM on the website is updated accordingly.

I.S.3-1 The SSPO shall ensure that the CAR-SM amendments are distributed among the recipients/copy-holders of CAR-SM in a timely manner.

I.S. 3-1 I.S.3-1 I.S.3-1 I.S.3-2 The Technical Library shall maintain a current copy of this regulation (CAR-SM), fully updated, at all times.

I.S.3-2 I.S. 3-2 I.S. 3-2 I.S. 3-3 I.S.4.1.1-1 I.S. 4.1.1-2 I.S. 4.1.1-4 I.S. 4.1.1-4 I.S. 4.1.1-4 I.S.5.3.1-1 I.S. 5.3.1-1 I.S. 5.3.1-1 A typical CAR-SM amendment shall contain the following: (1) Letter of Transmittal: A letter to all recipients/CAR-SM copy-holders, describing the purpose and location of the amendment in relation to the existing Regulation(s). (2) Instructions: The instructions to “insert” and/or “delete” the affected pages of each Part stating page number(s) and their effective date(s). (3) Replacement pages of CAR-SM: The replacement pages of CAR-SM giving effect to the Annex amendment. As this regulation is printed on both sides of paper, whenever a text undergoes a change, the reverse side will also need a reprint, except that the effective date of the reverse side page may remain unchanged. (4) Updated Table of Contents: The effective dates of changed pages shall be incorporated in the Contents of each Part as well as in the main Table of Contents. (5) Recording of Amendments: Instructions for recording the insertion of the CAR-SM amendment in the “Record of Amendment” in the Table of Contents Part. (6) Updating a Controlled Document: The prescribed procedure for updating a “Controlled Document” shall be adhered to while transmitting and incorporating each CAR-SM amendment.

I.S. 5.3.1-2


I.S. 5.3.1-3

The following abbreviations are used in CAR– Safety Management:

I.S. 5.3.1-3 Information……………………………………………………….. 6. Protection of Recorded Data…………………………………………


3-1 3-1 3-1 3-2 3-4 3-5 4-1 4-1 4-1 4-1

I.S. 5.3.1-3

PUBLICATIONS (referred to in this CAR SM) PCAR Part 1 - General Policies, Procedures, and Definitions PCAR Part 2 — Personnel Licensing PCAR Part 3 - Approved Training Organizations


Note 3.― Safety management provisions for specified aviation service providers and operators are in Chapter 4 and relate to safety management systems (SMSs).


Table of Contents

I.S. 4.1.1


Original Issue

1.1.1 Civil Aviation Regulations – Safety Management shall be applicable in the Philippines to safety management functions related to, or in direct support of, the safe operation of aircraft. This regulation comprises the following: Title

WHEREAS, on 3rd of June 2011, CAAP Board of Directors’ Regular Meeting, the Revised Aerodrome Manual was duly approved,

including all related technical guidance materials, training and licensing manuals, safety bulletins, administrative and flight-safety hand-book, circulars and advisories on technical and safety matters - arising from the implementation of the Philippine’ Civil Aviation Regulations (PCAR) and Civil Aviation Regulations - Air Navigation Services (CAR-ANS);


Chapter 3

WHEREAS, the CAAP Board of Directors, in its 03 March 2011 Board Meeting, approved the request of the Director General to initiate amendments and/or revision of the Philippine Civil Aviation Regulations of 2008 including the CARAANS, subject to public consultations/ hearings,

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

16 December 2019

Chapter 2

WHEREAS, in June 2009, the CAAP Board of Directors approved the Philippine Civil Aviation Regulations on Aerodrome and Air Navigation Service (CAR-AANS),


Effective Date

Original Issue

Date of Approval Record of Amendments and Corrigenda List of Effective Pages Table of Contents Introduction Chapter 1

WHEREAS, the CAAP Board of Directors duly approved the initial Philippine Civil Aviation Regulations in October 2008,

1. 2. 3. 4.

Amendment No.

Cover Page

xxx Creation of the Authority. – There is hereby created an independent regulatory body with quasi-judicial and quasi-legislative powers and possessing corporate attributes to be known as the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP), hereby referred to as the “Authority” xxx , WHEREAS, under Section 23, paragraph (J) of the same Law, the Board is empowered to promulgate rules and regulations as may be necessary in the interest of safety in air commerce pertaining to the issuance of the airman’s certificate including the licensing of operating and mechanical personnel, type certificate for aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers and appliances, airworthiness certificates, air carrier operating certificates, air agency certificates, navigation facility and aerodrome certificates, air traffic routes, radio and aeronautical telecommunications and air navigation aids; aircraft accident inquiries, aerodromes, both public and private-owned, construction of obstructions to aerodromes, height of buildings, antennae and other edifices, registration of aircraft, search and rescue, facilitation of air transports, operations of aircraft, both for domestic and international, including scheduled and non-scheduled, meteorology in relation to civil aviation, rules of the air, air traffic services, rules for prevention of collision of aircraft, identification of aircraft, rules for safe altitudes of flight, and such other rules and regulations, standards, governing other practices, methods and /or procedures as the Director General may find necessary and appropriate to provide adequately for safety regularity and efficiency in air commerce and air navigation,

Page No.


PCAR Part 4 – Aircraft Registration and Marking


Aerodrome and Air Navigation Safety Oversight Office Accident/Incident Data Reporting Air Traffic Services Communications, Navigation and Surveillance Cockpit Voice Recorder Flight Standards Inspectorate Service International Civil Aviation Coordinating Staff Regulations Review Committee Standards and Recommended Practices Safety Data Collection and Processing Systems Safety Management Manual Safety Management Panel Safety Management System State Safety Oversight State Safety Programme State Safety Programme Office

PCAR Part 5 — Airworthiness



PCAR Part 6 – Approved Maintenance Organization CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY OF THE PHILIPPINES Old MIA Road, Pasay City1300 Metro Manila

PCAR Part 8 — Operations


PCAR Part 9 – Air Operator Certification and Administration

For the purpose of CAR–Safety Management, the following definitions shall apply:

PCAR Part 13 — Accident and Incident Reporting and Investigation

Accident. An occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft which, in the case of a manned aircraft, takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until such time as all such persons have disembarked, or in the case of an unmanned aircraft, takes place between the time the aircraft is ready to move with the purpose of flight until such time as it comes to rest at the end of the flight and the primary propulsion system is shut down, in which:

CAR-ANS Part 10 – Regulatory Requirements on the Operation and Maintenance of Communications, Navigation, Surveillance, Airfield Lighting and Power Systems Services


CAR-ANS Part 11 — Air Traffic Services

By virtue of the powers vested to the Director General, Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines, provided in the Republic Act No. 9497, this Civil Aviation Regulations Safety Management is hereby approved to provide regulatory requirements to the management of safety for civil aviation in the Republic of the Philippines.

(i) a person is fatally or seriously injured as a result of:

CAR Governing Aerodromes

(a) being in the aircraft, or

Manual of Standards – Aerodromes ICAO Documents and Manuals (referred to in this CAR-SM)

CAPT. JIM C. SYDIONGCO Director General Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines Date: DEC. 17, 2019 RECORD OF AMENDMENTS AND CORRIGENDA

Number Amendment 1

Date applicable 29 November 2019

Date entered 05 November 2019

Airworthiness Manual (Doc 9760)

(c) direct exposure to jet blast,

Global Aviation Safety Plan (Doc 10004)

except when the injuries are from natural causes, self-inflicted or inflicted by other persons, or when the injuries are to stowaways hiding outside the areas normally available to the passengers and crew; or

Manual of Civil Aviation Medicine (Doc 8984) Manual of Procedures for Establishment and Management of a State’s Personnel Licensing System (Doc 9379)

Amendments Entered by CAPT. JIM C. SYDIONGCO

Manual of Procedures for Operations Inspection, Certification and Continued Surveillance (Doc 8335) Manual on Certification of Aerodromes (Doc 9774) Manual on the Approval of Training Organizations (Doc 9841) Manual on the Implementation of Article 83 bis of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Doc 10059) Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859)


Date applicable

Corrigenda Date entered

Entered by

(b) direct contact with any part of the aircraft, including parts which have become detached from the aircraft, or

Safety Oversight Manual (Doc 9734) Part A — The Establishment and Management of a State’s Safety Oversight System INTRODUCTION Civil Aviation Regulations – Safety Management addresses the safety management requirements and meets the standards contained in ICAO Annex 19. ICAO Annex 19 consolidates material from existing Annexes regarding State Safety Programme (SSP) and Safety Management Systems (SMSs), as well as related elements including the collection and use of safety data and State safety oversight activities. CHAPTER 1 1. GENERAL

(ii) the aircraft sustains damage or structural failure which: (a) adversely affects the structural strength, performance or flight characteristics of the aircraft, and (b) would normally require major repair or replacement of the affected component, except for engine failure or damage, when the damage is limited to a single engine, (including its cowlings or accessories), to propellers, wing tips, antennas, probes, vanes, tires, brakes, wheels, fairings, panels, landing gear doors, windscreens, the aircraft skin (such as small dents or puncture holes), or for minor damages to main rotor blades, tail rotor blades, landing gear, and those resulting from hail or bird strike (including holes in the radome); or (iii) the aircraft is missing or is completely inaccessible. Note 1.— For statistical uniformity only, an injury resulting in death within thirty days of the date of the accident is classified, by ICAO, as a fatal injury. . Note 2.— An aircraft is considered to be missing when the official search has been terminated and the wreckage has not been located. Note 3.— The type of unmanned aircraft system to be considered for investigation is only those with a design and/or operational approval. Note 4.— Guidance for the determination of aircraft damage can be found in Attachment F of Annex 13. Airplane. A power-driven heavier-than-air aircraft, deriving its lift in flight chiefly from aerodynamic reactions on surfaces which remain fixed under given conditions of flight.



WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15,Standard 2020 TODAY Note.— Further provisions related to the implementation of SMS by international general aviation operators can be found in Chapter 4.

5.2.1 The Authority shall establish and maintain a process to analyse the safety data and safety information from the SDCPS and associated safety databases. The criteria established by the State of Registry in accordance with shall address the SMS framework and elements contained in I.S. 3. Note.— Guidance on establishing the criteria to implement an SMS for international general aviation operators is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859).

Note 1.— Specific provisions for the identification of hazards as part of their safety risk management and safety assurance processes can be found in Chapter 3.

Aircraft. Any machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air other than the reactions of the air against the earth’s surface. Hazard. A condition or an object with the potential to cause or contribute to an aircraft incident or accident. Helicopter. A heavier-than-air aircraft supported in flight chiefly by the reactions of the air on one or more power-driven rotors on substantially vertical axes.

The Authority shall establish a process to investigate accidents and incidents in accordance with PCAR Part 13 — Accident and Incident Reporting and Investigation, in support of the management of safety in the Philippines. 3.3.4 Hazard Identification and Safety Risk Assessment

Note.— The types of incidents which are of interest for safety-related studies include the serious incidents listed in Annex 13, Attachment C. The Authority shall establish and maintain a process to identify hazards from collected safety data.

Industry codes of practice. Guidance material developed by an industry body, for a particular sector of the aviation industry to comply with the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization’s Standards and Recommended Practices, other aviation safety requirements and the best practices deemed appropriate.

Note 1. — Further information regarding safety data collection, analysis and the sharing and exchange of safety information can be found in Chapter 5.

Note.— Some States accept and reference industry codes of practice in the development of regulations to meet the requirements of Annex 19, and make available, for the industry codes of practice, their sources and how they may be obtained. Operational personnel. Personnel involved in aviation activities who are in a position to report safety information. Note.— Such personnel include, but are not limited to: flight crews; air traffic controllers; aeronautical station operators; maintenance technicians; personnel of aircraft design and manufacturing organizations; cabin crews; flight dispatchers, apron personnel and ground handling personnel. Safety. The state in which risks associated with aviation activities, related to, or in direct support of the operation of aircraft, are reduced and controlled to an acceptable level. Safety data. A defined set of facts or set of safety values collected from various aviation related sources, which is used to maintain or improve safety.

Note 2.— Additional information to identify hazards and safety issues on which to base preventive actions may be contained in the Final Reports of accidents and incidents.

accident or incident investigations; safety reporting; continuing airworthiness reporting; operational performance monitoring; inspections, audits, surveys; or safety studies and reviews. The Authority shall establish mechanisms for the resolution of safety issues in accordance with section 8 in I.S. 3. The Authority shall develop and maintain a process to manage safety risks. 3.4

State Safety Assurance

3.4.1 Surveillance Obligations The Authority shall meet the surveillance obligations in accordance with section 7 of I.S. 3. Note.— The surveillance of the service provider takes into consideration the safety performance as well as the size and complexity of its aviation products or services. The Authority shall establish procedures to prioritize inspections, audits and surveys towards those areas of greater safety concern or need. Note.— Organizational risk profiles, outcomes of hazard identification and risk assessment, and surveillance outcomes may provide information for the prioritization of inspections, audits and surveys. The Authority shall periodically review the safety performance of an individual service provider.

Safety management system (SMS). A systematic approach to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, accountability, responsibilities, policies and procedures.


Note 1.— An acceptable level of safety performance can be achieved through the implementation and maintenance of the SSP as well as safety performance indicators and targets showing that safety is effectively managed and built on the foundation of implementation of existing safety-related SARPs.

Safety performance indicator. A data-based parameter used for monitoring and assessing safety performance.

Safety risk. The predicted probability and severity of the consequences or outcomes of a hazard.

State Safety Performance The Authority shall establish the acceptable level of safety performance to be achieved through its SSP.

Safety performance. A State or a service provider’s safety achievement as defined by its safety performance targets and safety performance indicators.

Safety performance target. The State or service provider’s planned or intended target for a safety performance indicator over a given period that aligns with the safety objectives.

5.3 Safety Data and Safety Information Protection 5.3.1The Authority shall accord protection to safety data captured by and safety information derived from voluntary safety reporting systems and related sources in accordance with I.S. 5.3.1. Note.- Sources include individuals and organizations. 5.3.2 The Authority shall extend the protection referred to in 5.3.1 to safety data captured by and safety information derived from mandatory safety reporting system and related sources. Note 1.— A reporting environment where employees and operational personnel may trust that their actions or omissions that are commensurate with their training and experience will not be punished is fundamental to safety reporting.

3.3.5 Management of Safety Risks

Safety information. Safety data processed, organized or analysed in a given context so as to make it useful for safety management purposes.

Safety oversight. A function performed by a State to ensure that individuals and organizations performing an aviation activity comply with safety-related national laws and regulations.

Note 3.— The process may include predictive methods of safety data analysis. The Authority shall develop and maintain a process that ensures the assessment of safety risks associated with identified hazards.

Note.— Such safety data is collected from proactive or reactive safety-related activities, including but not limited to: a) b) c) d) e) f)

Note 2.— The purpose of the safety data and safety information analysis performed by the Authority is to identify systemic and cross-cutting hazards that might not otherwise be identified by the safety data analysis processes of individual service providers and operators.

3.3.3 Accident and Incident Investigation

Note.— Some States use the term “rotorcraft” as an alternative to “helicopter”. Incident. An occurrence, other than an accident, associated with the operation of an aircraft which affects or could affect the safety of operation.


Note 2.— Guidance on establishing safety performance indicators and targets, as well as an acceptable level of safety performance, is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859). The Authority shall develop and maintain a process to evaluate the effectiveness of actions taken to manage safety risks and resolve safety issues.

Note 2.— Guidance related to both mandatory and voluntary safety reporting systems is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859). 5.3.3 Subject to 5.3.1 and 5.3.2, the Authority shall not make available or use safety data or safety information collected, stored or analysed in accordance with 5.1 or 5.2 for purposes other than maintaining or improving safety, unless the competent authority determines in accordance with I.S. 5.3.1 that a principle of exception applies. 5.3.4 Notwithstanding 5.3.3, the Authority shall not be prevented from using safety data or safety information to take any preventive, corrective or remedial action that is necessary to maintain or improve aviation safety. Note.— Specific provision aimed at ensuring that there is no overlap with the protection of investigation records in PCAR Part 13 is contained in Subpart I Section 13.220. 5.3.5 The Authority shall take necessary measures, including the promotion of a positive safety culture to encourage safety reporting through the systems referred to in 5.1.2 and 5.1.3. Note. — Guidance related to positive safety culture is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859.) 5.3.6 The Authority shallfacilitate and promote safety reporting by adjusting applicable laws, regulations and policies, as necessary. 5.3.7 In support of the determination referred to in 5.3.3, the Authority will institute and make use of appropriate advance arrangements with State bodies entrusted with aviation safety and those entrusted with the administration of justice. Such arrangements shall take into account the principles specified in I.S. 5.3.1. Note.— These arrangements may be formalized through legislation, protocols, agreements or memoranda of understanding. 5.4 Safety Information Sharing and Exchange Note.— Sharing refers to giving, while exchange refers to giving and receiving in return. 5.4.1 If the Authority, in the analysis of the information contained in its SDCPS, identifies safety matters considered to be of interest to other States, the Authority will forward such safety information to them as soon as possible. Prior to sharing such information, the Authority shall agree on the level of protection and conditions on which safety information will be shared. The level of protection and conditions shall be in line with I.S. 5.3.1.

Note.— Safety assessment results may be used to support the prioritization of actions to manage safety risks.

5.4.2 The Authority will promote the establishment of safety information sharing networks among users of the aviation system and will facilitate the free exchange of information on actual and potential safety deficiencies.

(i) requires hospitalization for more than 48 hours, commencing within seven days from the date the injury was received; or The SSP Steering Committee will evaluate the effectiveness of the SSP to maintain or continuously improve its overall level of safety performance.

(ii) results in a fracture of any bone (except simple fractures of fingers, toes or nose); or

Note.— Information on the sharing of safety information can be found in the ICAO Code of Conduct on the Sharing and Use of Safety Information in the Global Aviation Safety Plan (Doc 10004).


Serious injury. An injury which is sustained by a person in an accident and which:

(iii) involves lacerations which cause severe hemorrhage, nerve, muscle or tendon damage; or (iv) involves injury to any internal organ; or (v) involves second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5 percent of the body surface; or (vi) involves verified exposure to infectious substances or injurious radiation.

State Safety Promotion


3.5.1 Internal communication and dissemination of safety information The Authority shall promote safety awareness and the sharing and exchange of safetyinformation to support, within the State aviation organizations, the development of a positive safety culture that fosters an effective SSP.

I.S. 3 STATE SAFETY OVERSIGHT (SSO) SYSTEM CRITICAL ELEMENTS (CEs) Note 1.— Guidance on the critical elements(CEs) of a system that enables a State to discharge its responsibility for safety oversight is contained in the Safety Oversight Manual, Part A, The Establishmentand Management of a State’s Safety Oversight System (ICAO Doc 9734).

3.5.2 External communication and dissemination of safety information The Authority shall promote safety awareness and the sharing and exchange of safety information with the aviation community to foster the maintenance and improvement of safety and to supportthe development ofa positive safety culture.

State of Manufacture. The State having jurisdiction over the organization responsible for the final assembly of the aircraft.

Note 1.— Refer to Chapter 5, 5.4 for further details regarding safety information sharing and exchange.

Note 2.— The term “relevant authorities or agencies” is used in a generic sense to include all authorities with aviation safety management and oversight responsibility which may be established by States as separate entities, such as: Civil Aviation Authorities, Airport Authorities, ATS Authorities, Accident Investigation Authority, and Meteorological Authority.

State of the Operator. The State in which the operator’s principal place of business is located or, if there is no such place of business, the operator’s permanent residence.

Note 2.— Promoting safety awareness could include identifying accessible safety training for the aviation community.

Note 3.— The SSO system CEs are applied, as appropriate, to authorities performing safety oversight functions as well as authorities performing investigation of accidents and incidents or other State safety management activities.

State of Design. The State having jurisdiction over the organization responsible for the type design.

State safety programme (SSP). An integrated set of regulations and activities aimed at improving safety. Surveillance. The State activities through which the State proactively verifies through inspections and audits that aviation licence, certificate, authorization or approval holders continue to meet the established requirements and function at the level of competency and safety required by the State. CHAPTER 3 3.

STATE SAFETY MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITIES Note 1.— The State safety oversight (SSO) system critical elements (CEs) found in I.S. 3 constitute the foundation of an SSP. Note 2.—Safety management provisions pertaining to specific types of aviation activities are addressed in the relevant parts of PCARs, CAR-ANS, and CAR-Aerodromes.


4.1.1 The SMS of a service provider shall: a)

be established in accordance with the framework elements contained in I.S. 4.1.1; and


be commensurate with the size of the service provider and the complexity of its aviation products or services.

4.1.3 The SMS of an approved training organization, in accordance with PCAR Part 3, that is exposed to safety risks related to aircraft operations during the provision of its services shall be made acceptable to the Authority.

3.2.1 Primary Aviation Legislation The Philippines shall establish primary aviation legislation in accordance with section 1 of I.S. 3. The Authority shall establish an enforcement policy that specifies the conditions and circumstances under which service providers with an SMS are allowed to deal with, and resolve, events involving certain safety issues, internally, within the context of their SMS and to the satisfaction of Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines. 3.2.2 Specific Operating Regulations The Authority shall establish specific operating regulations in accordance with section 2 of I.S. 3. The Authority shall periodically review specific operating regulations, guidance material and implementation policies to ensure they remain relevant and appropriate. 3.2.3 State System and Functions The Authority shall establish State system and functions in accordance with section 3 of I.S.3. The Authority shall identify, define and document the requirements, obligations, functions and activities regarding the establishment and maintenance of the SSP, including the directives to plan, organize, develop, maintain, control and continuously improve the SSP in a manner that meets its safety objectives. The Authority shall establish a safety policy and safety objectives that reflect its commitment regarding safety and facilitate the promotion of a positive safety culture in the aviation community. The safety policy and safety objectives shall be published and periodically reviewed to ensure that they remain relevant and appropriate to the Philippines. 3.2.4 Qualified Technical Personnel The Authority shall establish requirements for the qualification of technical personnel in accordance with section 4 of I.S. 3. Note.— The term “technical personnel” refers to those persons performing safety-related functions for or on behalf of the State. 3.2.5 Technical Guidance, Tools and Provision of Safety-Critical Information The Authority shall establish technical guidance and tools and provide safety-critical information in accordance with section 5 of I.S. 3. State Safety Risk Management

4.1.4 The SMS of a certified operator of airplanes or helicopters authorized to conduct international commercial air transport, in accordance with PCAR Parts 8 and 9, shall be made acceptable to the Authority, as applicable. 4.1.5 The SMS of an approved maintenance organization providing services to operators of airplanes or helicopters engaged in international commercial air transport, in accordance with PCAR Part 9, shall be made acceptable to the Authority. 4.1.6 The SMS of an ATS provider, in accordance with CAR-ANS Part 11and the SMS of CNS provider in accordance with CAR-ANS Part 10 shall be made acceptable to the Authority. 4.1.7 The SMS of an operator of a certified aerodrome, in accordance with CAR-Aerodromes shall be made acceptable to the Authority. 4.2 International general aviation — Airplanes Note.— Guidance on the implementation of an SMS for international general aviation is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859) and industry codes of practice. 4.2.1 The SMS of an international general aviation operator, conducting operations of large or turbojet airplanes shall be commensurate with the size and complexity of the operation and meet the criteria established by the State of Registry. Note 1.— Further provisions related to the criteria to be established by the State of Registry can be found in Chapter 3. Note 2.— Guidance concerning the responsibilities of the State of Registry in connection with lease, charter and interchange operations is contained in the Manual of Procedures for Operations Inspection, Certification and Continued Surveillance (Doc 8335). Guidance concerning the transfer of State of Registry responsibilities to the State where the aircraft operator has its principal place of business or, if it has no such place of business, its permanent address in accordance with Article 83 bis is contained in the Manual on the Implementation of Article 83 bis of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Doc 10059). CHAPTER 5

5.1.1 The Authority shall establish safety data collection and processing systems (SDCPS) to capture, store, aggregate and enable the analysis of safety data and safety information. The Authority shall ensure that safety performance indicators and targets established by service providers and operators are acceptable. Note.— Guidance on the identification of appropriate safety performance indicators and targets is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859). The State of Registry shall establish criteria for international general aviation operators of large or turbojet airplanesin accordance with the CAR-SM to implement an SMS.


3. State System and Functions (CE-3) 3.1 The Philippines shall establish relevant authorities or agencies, as appropriate, supported by sufficient and qualified personnel and provided with adequate financial resources for the management of safety. Each authority or agency shall have stated safety functions and objectives to fulfill its safety management responsibilities. 3.2 The Authority shall take necessary measures, such as remuneration and conditions of service, to ensure that qualified personnel performing safety oversight functions are recruited and retained. 3.3 The Authority shall ensure that personnel performing safety oversight functions are provided with guidance that addresses ethics, personal conduct and the avoidance of actual or perceived conflicts of interest in the performance of official duties. 3.4 The Authority shall use a methodology to determine its staffing requirements for personnel performing safety oversight functions, taking into account the size and complexity of the aviation activities in the Philippines. 4.

Qualified Technical Personnel (CE-4)

4.1 The Authorityshall establish minimum qualification requirements for the technical personnel performing safety-related functions and provide for appropriate initial and recurrent training to maintain and enhance their competence at the desired level. 4.2 The Authorityshall implement a system for the maintenance of training records for technical personnel. 5.

Technical Guidance, Tools and Provision of Safety-Critical Information (CE-5)

5.1 The Authority shall provide appropriate facilities, comprehensive and up-to-date technical guidance material and procedures, safety-critical information, tools and equipment, and transportation means, as applicable, to the technical personnel to enable them to perform their safety oversight functions effectively and in accordance with established procedures in a standardized manner. 5.2 The Authority shall provide technical guidance to the aviation industry on the implementation of relevant regulations. 6.

Licensing, Certification, Authorization and Approval Obligations (CE-6) The Authority shall implement documented processes and procedures to ensure that individuals and organizations performing an aviation activity meet the established requirements before they are allowed to exercise the privileges of a licence, certificate, authorization and/or approval to conduct the relevant aviation activity.


Surveillance Obligations (CE-7) The Authority shall implement documented surveillance processes, by defining and planning inspections, audits, and monitoring activities on a continuous basis, to proactively assure that aviation licence, certificate, authorization and approval holders continue to meet the established requirements. These include the surveillance of personnel designated by the Authority to perform safety oversight functions on its behalf.

data and information pertaining to accident and incident investigations; data and information related to safety investigations by the Authority or aviation service providers;

8.1 The Authority shall use a documented process to take appropriate actions, up to and including enforcement measures, to resolve identified safety issues.


mandatory safety reporting systems as indicated in 5.1.2;

8.2 The Authority shall ensure that identified safety issues are resolved in a timely manner through a system which monitors and records progress, including actions taken by individuals and organizations performing an aviation activity in resolving such issues.

Note 4.— SDCPS may include inputs from the Authority, industry and public sources, and may be based on reactive and proactive methods of safety data and safety information collection.

Note.— Further provisions related to the implementation of SMS by service providers can be found in Chapter 4.

Note.— The term “regulations” is used in a generic sense and includes but is not limited to instructions, rules, edicts, directives, sets of laws, requirements, policies, and orders.

b) The Authority shall require that the following service providers under its authority implement an SMS:

e) operators of certified aerodromes in accordance with CAR for Aerodromes.

The Authority shall promulgate regulations to address, at a minimum, national requirements emanating from the primary aviation legislation, for standardized operational procedures, products, services, equipment and infrastructures in conformity with the Annexes to the Convention on International Civil Aviation.


Note 3.— The term “safety database” may refer to a single or multiple database(s).

c) approved maintenance organizations providing services to operators of airplanes or helicopters engaged in international commercial air transport, in accordance with PCAR d) air traffic services (ATS) providers in accordance with CAR-ANS Part 11 andthe provision of CNS in accordance with CAR-ANS Part 10; and

2. Specific Operating Regulations (CE-2)

Note 1.— SDCPS refers to processing and reporting systems, safety databases, schemes for exchange of information, and recorded information including but not limited to:

3.3.2 Safety Management System Obligations

b) operators of airplanes or helicopters authorized to conduct international commercial air transport, in accordance with PCAR Part 9;

1.2 The aviation law shall provide personnel performing safety oversight functions access to the aircraft, operations, facilities, personnel and associated records, as applicable, of individuals and organizations performing an aviation activity.

5.1 Safety Data Collection and Processing Systems

The Authority shall meet the licensing, certification, authorization and approval obligations in accordance with section 6 of I.S. 3.

a) approved training organizations that are exposed to safety risks related to aircraft operations during the provision of their services,in accordance with PCAR Part 3;

Note.— This includes ensuring that the aviation law remains relevant and appropriate to the Philippines.


d) voluntary safety reporting systems as indicated in 5.1.3; and e) self-disclosure reporting systems, including automatic data capture systems, as described in PCAR Parts 8 and 9 Note 2.— Guidance related to SDCPS is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859).

3.3.1 Licensing, certification, authorization and approval obligations

1.1 The Philippines shall promulgate a comprehensive and effective aviation law, commensurate with the size and complexity of their aviation activity and consistent with the requirements contained in the Convention on International Civil Aviation, to enable the oversight and management of civil aviation safety and the enforcement of regulations through the relevant authorities or agencies established for that purpose.

4.1 General

State Safety Programme (SSP)

State Safety Policy, Objectives and Resources

1. Primary Aviation Legislation (CE-1)

Note 2. - An organization may elect to extend one SMS across multiple service provider activities.

4.1.2 The Authority shall ensure that the service provider develops a plan to facilitate SMS implementation.

Note. — Guidance on an SSP and the delegation of safety management-related functions and activities are contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859).


Note 1.— Guidance on implementation of an SMS is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859).

Note 3.— Basic safety management principles applicable to the medical assessment process of licence holders are contained in PCAR Part 2. Guidance is available in the Manual of Civil Aviation Medicine (ICAO Doc 8984).

3.1.1 The Authority will establish and maintain an SSP that is commensurate with the size and complexity of the Philippines’ civil aviation system.



Note 5.— Sector-specific safety reporting provisions are contained in the PCARs, CARANS, and CAR-Aerodromes. There is a recognized benefit to the effective implementation of an SSP in having an integrated approach for the collection and analysis of the safety data and safety information from all sources. 5.1.2 The Authority shall establish a mandatory safety reporting system that includes the reporting of incidents.


Resolution of Safety Issues (CE-8)

I.S. 4.1.1 FRAMEWORK FOR A SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SMS) – Service Provider Level Note 1.— Guidance on the implementation of the framework for a SMS is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (ICAO Doc 9859). Note 2. - The service provider’s interfaces with other organizations can have a significant contribution to the safety of its products or services. Guidance on interface management as it relates to SMS is provided in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859). Note 3.— In the context of this Implementing Standards as it relates to service providers, an “accountability” refers to an “obligation” that may not be delegated, and “responsibilities” refers to functions and activities that may be delegated. These Implementing Standards specify the framework for the implementation and maintenance of an SMS. The framework comprises four components and twelve elements as the minimum requirements for SMS implementation: 1.

5.1.3 The Authority shall establish a voluntary safety reporting system to collect safety data and safety information not captured by the mandatory safety reporting systems. 5.1.4 The authorities responsible for the implementation of the SSP will have access to the SDCPS as referenced in 5.1.1 to support their safety responsibilities, in accordance with the principles in I.S.5.3.1. Note. — In the Philippines, the authorities responsible for the implementation of the SSP include Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation (AAII). 5.1.5 The Authority will use standardized taxonomy for the safety database to facilitate safety information sharing and exchange. 5.2 Safety Data and Safety Information Analysis

Safety Policy and Objectives 1.1 Management commitment 1.2 Safety accountability and responsibilities 1.3 Appointment of key safety personnel 1.4 Coordination of emergency response planning 1.5 SMS documentation


Safety Risk Management 2.1 Hazard identification 2.2 Safety risk assessment and mitigation

3. Safety Assurance





Nickie Wang, Issue Editor




‘Mia’ unspools today

FTER its successful premiere held at Fisher Mall Cinema last week, Mia, the romantic drama (with a twist) hits local theaters today.

'1917' is an epic war film directed, co-written and produced by Sam Mendes. The film stars George MacKay, Dean-Charles Chapman, Mark Strong, Andrew Scott, Richard Madden, Claire Duburcq, Colin Firth, and Benedict Cumberbatch.

War drama ‘1917’ marches to box-office victory UNIVERSAL’S war drama 1917 took command of the North American box office this weekend, riding its Golden Globes success to earn an estimated $36.5 million, industry watcher Exhibitor Relations reported Sunday. The film’s unexpectedly strong showing was timely, with Oscar nominations set to be announced on Monday. Last Sunday it won Golden Globes—often a predictor of Oscar success—for both best drama and best director (Sam Mendes). 1917, filmed as if in one long, continuous shot -- one critic called it a “protean display of virtuoso filmmaking”—flourished despite a lack of A-list stars. The central characters, two British lance corporals on a desperate mission, are played by George MacKay and DeanCharles Chapman; Colin Firth and Benedict Cumberbatch have minor roles. Disney’s Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker, fell to second place after a month in first with a take of

$15.1 million. The finale of the nine-film Skywalker Saga has now taken in a global total just shy of $1 billion. In third, down one spot from last weekend, was Sony’s action sequel Jumanji: The Next Level, which earned $14 million for third place in the Friday-through-Sunday period. It stars Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson and Kevin Hart. Tied for fourth place were Paramount’s new release Like a Boss and Warner Bros. drama Just Mercy, each with $10 million. Like a Boss stars Tiffany Haddish, Rose Byrne, and Salma Hayek in the story of two friends whose small beauty company is targeted by an industry titan. Just Mercy, with Michael B. Jordan, Jamie Foxx, and Brie Larson, is based on the true story of a black man on death row in Alabama who appeals his wrongful conviction for the murder of a white woman. AFP

EA Guzman and Coleen Garcia sizzle in the new romantic movie, Mia, hitting local cinemas starting today.

The movie which starts Coleen Garcia and Edgar Allan Guzman, is directed by award-winning filmmaker Veronica Velasco and produced by Insight 360 Films, headed by Chris Cahilig, in partnership with Viva Films. The romantic comedy film revolves around the story of doctor Mia Salazar (Garcia) and a nerdy forester Jay Policarpio (Guzman). Jay, who transforms mined-out land into rainforests, pursues the self-destructive alcoholic, Mia, who recently joined the government’s Doctor To The Barrios program to heal from the tragedy of her fiance’s death. Showing that conflict sometimes belies an undercurrent of passion, Mia and Jay’s occasional clashes soon create compelling chemistry between them. The film’s official soundtrack titled “Sa Iba Na Lang” is performed by duo B.O.U. and written by Jayson Dedal. Other cast members include Yayo Aguila and William Martinez, Billy Crawford, Star Orjaliza, Jeremy Domingo, Sunshine Teodoro, Pau Benitez, and Xenia Barrameda. Investigation has been instituted, accident and incident investigation records listed in Subpart I Section 13.220 shall be subject to the protections accorded therein instead of the protections accorded by this CAR-SM.

3.1 Safety performance monitoring and measurement 3.2 The management of change 3.3 Continuous improvement of the SMS 4. Safety Promotion


Safety Risk Management


Hazard Identification


Principles of Protection

4.1 Training and education


The service provider shall develop and maintain a process to identify hazards associated with its aviation products or services.


The Authority shall ensure that safety data or safety information is not used for

documentation) maintained by the service provider.

4.2 Safety communication 1.

Safety Policy and Objectives


Management commitment and responsibility


The service provider shall define its safety policy in accordance with international and national requirements.


Hazard identification shall be based on a combination of reactive and proactive methods.


Safety risk assessment and mitigation The service provider shall develop and maintain a process that ensures analysis, assessment and control of the safety risks associated with identified hazards.

a) the protection is specified based on the nature of safety data and safety information;

reflect organizational commitment regarding safety, including the promotion of a positive safety culture;

Safety Assurance


Safety performance monitoring and measurement

b) a formal procedure to provide protection to safety data, safety information, and related sources is established;


include a clear statement about the provision of the necessary resources for the implementation of the safety policy;


The service provider shall develop and maintain the means to verify the safety performance of the organization and to validate the effectiveness of safety risk controls.


include safety reporting procedures;


clearly indicate which types of behaviours are unacceptable related to the service provider’s aviation activities and include the circumstances under which disciplinary action would not apply;


be signed by the accountable executive of the organization;


be communicated, with visible endorsement, throughout the organization; and


be periodically reviewed to ensure it remains relevant and appropriate to the service provider.



The service provider shall develop and maintain a process to identify changes which may affect the level of safety risk associated with its aviation products or services and to identify and manage the safety risks that may arise from those changes. 3.3


reflect the service provider’s commitment to maintain or continuously improve the overall effectiveness of the SMS;


Safety Promotion


be communicated throughout the organization; and


Training and education


be periodically reviewed to ensure they remain relevant and appropriate to the service provider.


The service provider shall develop and maintain a safety training programme that ensures that personnel are trained and competent to perform their SMS duties.

Note.— Guidance on setting safety objectives is provided in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859).


The scope of the safety training programme shall be appropriate to each individual’s involvement in the SMS.

Safety accountability and responsibilities


Safety communication

a) ensures personnel are aware of the SMS to a degree commensurate with their positions; b) conveys safety-critical information; c) explains why particular actions are taken to improve safety; and d) explains why safety procedures are introduced or changed.

a) determines that there are facts and circumstances reasonably indicating that the occurrence may have been caused by an act or omission considered, in accordance with the national laws, to be conduct constituting gross negligence , wilful misconduct or criminal activity; b) after reviewing the safety data or safety information, determines that its release is necessary for the proper administration of justice, and that the benefits of its release outweighs the adverse domestic and international impact such release is likely to have on the future collection and availability of safety data and safety information; or c) after reviewing the safety data or safety information, determines that its release is necessary for maintaining or improving safety, and that the benefits of its release outweigh the adverse domestic and international impact such release is likelyto have on the future collection and availability of safety data and safety information. Note 1.— In administering the decision, the competent authority takes into account the consent of the source of the safety data and safety information. Note 2.— Different competent authorities may be designated for different circumstances. The competent authority could include, but is not limited to, judicial authorities or those otherwise entrusted with aviation responsibilities designated in accordance with national law. 4.

Note 2.— The principles contained in these I.S are aimed at assisting the Authority to enact and adopt national laws, regulations and policies to protect safety data and safety information gathered from safety data collection and processing systems (SDCPS), as well as related sources, while allowing for the proper administration of justice and necessary actions for maintaining or improving aviation safety. Note 3.— The objective is ensure the continued availability of safety data and safety information by restricting its use for the purposes other than maintaining or improving aviation safety.

The service provider shall appoint a safety manager who is responsible for the implementation and maintenance of the SMS. Note.— Depending on the size of the service provider and the complexity of its aviation products or services, the responsibilities for the implementation and maintenance of the SMS may be assigned to one or more persons, fulfilling the role of safety manager, as their sole function or combined with other duties, provided these do not result in any conflicts of interest. Coordination of emergency response planning


General Principles

The service provider required to establish and maintain an emergency response plan for accidents and incidents in aircraft operations and other aviation emergencies shall ensure that the emergency response plan is properly coordinated with the emergency response plans of those organizations it must interface with during the provision of its products and services.


The Authority shall, through national laws, regulations and policies protecting safety data, safety information and related sources, ensure that: a) a balance is struck between the need for the protection of safety data, safety information and related sources to maintain or improve aviation safety, and the need for the proper administration of justice;

SMS Documentation

b) safety data, safety information and related sources are protected in accordance with this appendix;

1.5.1 The service provider shall develop and maintain an SMS manual that describes its: a) safety policy and objectives; b) SMS requirements; c) SMS processes and procedures; and d) accountability, responsibilities and authorities for SMS processes and procedures;

c) the conditions under which safety data, safety information and related sources qualify for protection, are specified; and d) safety data and safety information remain available for the purpose of maintaining or improving aviation safety.

1.5.2 The service provider shall develop and maintain SMS operational records as part of its SMS documentation.

Note.— The protection of safety data, safety information and related sources is not intended to interfere with the proper administration of justice or with maintaining or improving safety. 1.2

When an investigation under PCAR Part 13 – Accident and Incident Reporting and

Public Disclosure

4.1 The Authority having the right-to-know laws shall, in the context of requests made for public disclosure, create exceptions from public disclosure to ensure the continued confidentiality of voluntarily supplied safety data and safety information.

I.S. 5.3.1 PRINCIPLES FOR THE PROTECTION OF SAFETY DATA, SAFETY INFORMATION AND RELATED SOURCES Note 1.— The protection of safety data, safety information and related sources is essential to ensure its continued availability, since the use of safety data and safety information for purposes other than maintaining or improving safety may inhibit the future availability of such data and information, with a significant adverse effect on safety.

Principles of Exception Exceptions to the protection of safety data, safety information and related sources shall only be granted when the competent authority:

The service provider shall develop and maintain a formal means for safety communication that:

e) define the levels of management with authority to make decisions regarding safety risk tolerability. Appointment of key safety personnel

Note.— Depending on the size of the service provider and the complexity of its aviation products or services, the SMS manual and SMS operational records may be in the form of stand-alone documents or may be integrated with other organizational documents (or


The service provider shall monitor and assess its SMS processes to maintain or continuously improve the overall effectiveness of the SMS.

b) clearly define lines of safety accountability throughout the organization, including a direct accountability for safety on the part of senior management;


Note 2.— Authoritative safeguards include legal limitations or restrictions such as protective orders, closed proceedings, in-camera review, and de-identification of data for the use or disclosure of safety information in judicial or administrative proceedings.

Continuous improvement of the SMS

form the basis for safety performance monitoring and measurement as required by 3.1.2;

a) identify the accountable executive who, irrespective of other functions, is accountable on behalf of the organization, for the implementation and maintenance of an effective SMS;


Note 1.— The formal procedure may include that any person seeking disclosure of safety data or safety information will provide the justification for its release.

The service provider’s safety performance shall be verified in reference to the safety performance indicators and safety performance targets of the SMS in support of the organization’s safety objectives.


d) document and communicate safety accountability, responsibilities and authorities throughout the organization; and

d) to the extent that a principle of exception applies, the use of safety data and safety information in disciplinary, civil, administrative and criminal proceedings will be carried out only under authoritative safeguards.

The management of change

Taking due account of its safety policy, the service provider shall define safety objectives. The safety objectives shall:

c) identify the responsibilities of all members of management, irrespective of other functions, as well as of employees, with respect to the safety performance of the organization;

c) safety data and safety information will not be used in a way different from the purposes for which it was collected, unless a principle of exception applies;

Note.― An internal audit process is one means to monitor compliance with safety regulations, the foundation upon which SMS is built, and assess the effectiveness of these safety risk controls and the SMS. Guidance on the scope of the internal audit process is contained in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859).

The service provider shall:


The Authorityshall accord protection to safety data, safety information and related sources by ensuring that:





Note.— The process may include predictive methods of safety data analysis.

The safety policy shall:


a) disciplinary, civil, administrative and criminal proceedings against employees, operational personnel or organizations; b) disclosure to the public; or c) any purposes other than maintaining or improving safety; unless a principle of exception applies.

Note.— Laws, regulations and policies commonly referred to as right-to-know laws (freedom-of-information, open records, or sunshine laws) allow for public access to information held by the State. 4.2 Where disclosure is made in accordance with section 3,the Authority shall ensure that: a) public disclosure of relevant personal information included in the safety data or safety information complies with applicable privacy laws; or b) public disclosure of the safety data or safety information is made in a de-identified, summarized or aggregate form. 5.

Responsibility of the Custodian of Safety Data and Safety Information

5.1 The Authority shall ensure that each SDCPS has a designated custodian to apply the protection to safety data and safety information in accordance with applicable provisions of this I.S.: Note.— The custodian may refer to an individual or organization. 6.

Protection of Recorded Data Note 1.— Ambient workplace recordings required by national laws, for example cockpit voice recorders (CVRs) or recordings of background communication and the aural environment at air traffic controller work stations, may be perceived as constituting an invasion of privacy for operational personnel that other professions are not exposed to:. Note 2.— Provisions on the protection of flight recorder recordings and recordings from air traffic control units during investigations instituted under PCAR Part 13 are contained therein. Provisions on the protection of flight recorder recordings during normal operations are contained in PCAR Part 8.

6.1 The Authority shall, through national laws and regulations, provide specific measures of protection regarding the confidentiality and access by the public to ambient workplace recordings. 6.2 The Authority shall, through national laws and regulations, treat ambient workplace recordings required by national laws and regulations as privileged protected data subject to the principles of protection and exception as provided for in this implementing standards.


Profile for Manila Standard

Manila Standard - 2020 January 15 - Wednesday  

The digital edition of Manila Standard: A nationally circulated newspaper published daily in the Philippines since February 1987.

Manila Standard - 2020 January 15 - Wednesday  

The digital edition of Manila Standard: A nationally circulated newspaper published daily in the Philippines since February 1987.