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A S T. M A R Y ’ S P U B L I C AT I O N S I N C E 1 9 2 4 VOL. 104, NO. 10 | OCT. 19, 2016 | SAN ANTONIO, TX


Zombie walk invites students to attend,






Surpassing Easter and Valentine’s Day, Halloween is known as one of the largest days of candy consumption in America. While many college students may consider themselves too old to participate in Halloween festivities such as trick-ortreating, many will inevitably be tempted to satisfy their sweet tooth cravings. Halloween is right around the corner and that usually means that avoiding candy is almost impossible. Although children consume the majority of candy during this holiday, college-aged students will face a huge consumption as well. “Heck yeah [I still trick-or-treat],” Luz

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Del Alma Hernandez, sophomore English major, said. “I like getting dressed up and it’s free candy. Like, who wouldn’t want free candy?” For this holiday in particular, it may seem like it is OK to collect a pound of candy, eat it without any limitations and save what is left for the weeks ahead. Though all of the candy is collected during the night of Halloween, and, depending on the amount of candy collected, can last for weeks to come. This leaves people eating unhealthy for days. Candy corn, one of the most iconic candies of Halloween, is actually one of the least healthy among the broad scheme of candies. Candy corn consistently ranks as being one of the least healthy Halloween candies. According to Heather Mangieri, a spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association, at just 140 calories per ounce, zero grams of fat and approximately 32 grams of sugar, it is safe to say that candy corn is almost purely sugar. “I eat candy corn every once in a blue moon,” Polet Guadalupe Martinez, sophomore criminology major, said. “[Now knowing] its nutritional value makes me not even want to eat it [at] all.”

According to Daily Burn, “candy-crazed celebration” has some stats that some might find surprising when it comes to Halloween candy consumption. One finding is the amount of money spent each year on candy during this holiday. Americans spend about $74 billion on candy alone. About 90 million pounds of chocolate are consumed the week of Halloween and about 3,500 to 7,000 calories worth of candy is collected by each individual person. Though exercising the night of Halloween is probably far from most people’s minds, there are actually surprising statistics in regard to just how much it takes to burn off the calories consumed. It takes about 54 push ups to burn off one pack of M&Ms and about 17 minutes of burpees to burn off one bite-size snickers (160 calories). Aside from exercise, there are other health factors involved with candy consumption. With all of the sugars in candy, tooth decay and cavities are possible. Tooth decay is very common among adults. In fact, the average adult between ages 20 and 64 has about 13.6 decayed teeth


As Halloween approaches, many students will be tempted to consume candy without any moderation. Over 90 million pounds of chocolate are consumed during the week of Halloween.




Photo by Paige Gandara-Valderas


The Zombie Walk, a San Antonio tradition since 2009, invites people from the community to come dressed as zombies and walk the streets of downtown. This year the San Antonio Zombie Walk will take place Sunday, Oct. 30 from 4 p.m. to 10 p.m. at the Tower of the Americas. Each year the event has grown bigger and the staff has had to control the zombie outbreak by setting new boundaries. One of the biggest changes this year is that there will be a general admission fee of $5 to attend if purchased in advance; otherwise, the price will go up to $10 at the door on the day of the event. Previously, there was no charge, but with increased attendance, the staff has made this decision to help fund the festivities, amenities and police officers. Any extra proceeds will be given to local charities. “The costs to have this event have always come out of pocket,” Joseph Devine, coordinator of the Zombie Walk, said. “We wanted to hire more police officers, but it has just gotten too expensive to do so. Safety is our main priority.” This year, the Zombie Walk staff hopes to break the world record for the largest zombie gathering. This title is currently held by the Zombie Pub Crawl of Minneapolis Minnesota. The Zombie Walk first started with just a small group of friends back in 2009, according to Devine. “It started with just a handful of friends and grew from there,” Devine said. “We didn’t start turning it into a festival until about four years ago.” One St. Mary’s student who has routinely gone to this event for the past three years is Elizabeth Lewis, junior criminology major. Though she may not like Halloween, she enjoys going to the event instead to make up for missing the holiday. “I think [the Zombie Walk] is a great way for the community to come together to enjoy the event and to show their creativity,”

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STANDARDS The Rattler upholds the Mission Statements of St. Mary’s University. The publication follows the Canons of Responsible Journalism, the Associated Press Stylebook and the Student Publication Policy. The Rattler is a member of the Associate Collegiate Press, the College Media Association and the Texas Intercollegiate Press Association.

POLICY ON NEWSPAPER THEFT Due to high production costs, members of the St. Mary’s University community are permitted one copy per issue. Where available, additional copies may be purchased (for 50 cents each) by contacting The Rattler newsroom. Newspaper theft is a crime. Those who violate the single copy rule may be subject to civil and criminal prosecution and/or subject to university discipline.

SGA presents Rattler Fest with a focus on Middle Eastern culture. Pictured are three traditional belly dancers performing at the Pub | Photo by Julia Ewalefo

Debt: the scary part about being students is RICARDO E. REYES NEWS EDITOR

Rising student debt has become a politically charged issue, but for some students it is a day-to-day reality that they have to face. Most students use debt to help cover the costs of attending a university, and can create an overwhelming feeling for students. This is especially the case when they see unexpected changes on their student accounts. Students who graduated in spring 2016 have to begin repayment on Nov. 1, since most loan servicers only allow deferment of payments for six months after graduation. According to Student Loan Hero, the average amount of student debt for the 2015-2016 school year is $37,172. Americans in total have about $1.3 billion in loan debt. St. Mary’s students average loan debt after graduation is sometimes higher in comparison to the national average, but St. Mary’s is also ranked third in the West region in the Best Value Schools rankings by U.S News and world report for the institutions quality and value. Current students may feel the direct effect from fluctuating and frequent changes in financial aid because and it can have a big impact on student’s financial security. To ensure their place at St. Mary’s for the upcoming year, students should double-

check their student accounts every week, as advised by the business office. Students often see negative changes on their accounts, and can create a cause for concern and confusion when it happens. “As an administrator I recommend people check their finances once a month, but for students I recommend once a week. Changes are constantly happening and students need to be responsible to know where their money is going,” Dora Ybarra, director of the business office, said. However, there is not just bad news for students at St. Mary’s. The financial aid office works to ensure the security of its students’ finances. This is done in conjunction with the Office of Student Retention to keep students on track for graduation. “When a student is awarded an academic scholarship, in the notification from the admissions office, it is stated that the university may switch a portion of these funds with other gift aid. There would not be a net change in the actual amount the student receives,” David Krause, director of financial assistance, said. In other words, it is possible that a student has a $12,000 scholarship that is funded by tuition dollars or the university’s endowment. The financial aid office may reduce the amount of this scholarship and switch it with an outside scholarship of

the same amount because of budgeting reasons. Depending if a student is a resident on campus or commuter, each students’ budget for the year can range anywhere from $35,820 to $40,828. Balancing aid, scholarships and loan money is done to help maximize institutional resources and to make sure students stay within their allotted budgets. In addition, the Office of Financial Aid may also use state or federal funds to enhance the number of funds available to disperse to students. When the financial aid office is unable to make federal funding adjustments, then scholarships and aid fluctuate on student accounts. As scary as debt may be, there are ways of helping keep students well educated and financially secure. Students should not let the idea of loans defer the attainment of a higher education.

Graphic by Ricardo E. Reyes

EDITORIAL STATEMENT The content published in the Rattler is the responsibility of each respective writer. The views expressed in the staff editorial reflect the views of the majority of the editorial staff.

MISSIONS Grounded partially in the Marianist values of family and community, we maintain an open forum for discussion. We strive to produce quality content that informs, not inflames; encourages, not discourages. We must be sensitive, not sensationalistic; reasonable, not ridiculous; balanced; not bitter.

I have an estimated loan amount of $8,000 right now.”

-Adam Valadez, sophomore computer engineering

I am about $4,000 right now in loans.” -Christopher

Blea sophomore art education

I have $5,000 in loans and I know it will go up.”

-Ariana McDarby sophomore chemistry

I have $30,000. I know, it’s a lot.” -Kelsey Hall sophomore psychology

St. Mary’s undergrad students speak out to The Rattler about the amount of debt they have accumulated as of Fall 2016. | Photos by Ricardo E. Reyes



POLICE BLOTTER OCTOBER 2016 SEPT. 27 Sexual assault reported at 543 Westminster St. Case is closed. SEPT. 28 Graffiti reported in Lot A. Case is active. SEPT. 30 Criminal mischief more than $50 but less than $500 reported in Leies Hall. Case is active. OCT. 03 Theft reported in University Center Case is active. OCT. 04 Graffiti reported in Lot N. Case is closed. OCT. 09 Theft of less than $50 reported in Blume Library. Case is closed. OCT. 09 Personal safety concern reported off-campus Case is closed and cleared. OCT. 10 Burglary reported in the Academic and Athletic Convocation Center. Case is active. OCT. 11 Suspicious Activity reported in Richter Math Building Case is active. OCT. 13 Striking unattended vehicle reported in Lot C. Case is active.

Greek recruitment numbers lower than usual MARISSA HOLGUIN STAFF WRITER

Greek recruitment numbers at St. Mary’s a have decreased immensely compared to previous semesters. Currently, there are only 36 students going through recruitment as compared to the normal average of 100 or more. St. Mary’s may soon see the end of some Greek life chapters if current recruitment numbers do not change. The reasons of low recruitment numbers are unclear, but it is something that seems to be affecting each Greek chapter. St. Mary’s takes pride in its students who choose to “Go Greek” and those who choose otherwise. However, those who do choose to be part of a Greek organization will experience the current recruitment issues of a small university To join a social Greek organization a student must have a minimum of a 2.5 GPA both for the semester and cumulatively. St. Mary’s is a deferred campus, which means freshman must wait until their second semester to join while maintaining the GPA requirement. This is a sometimes a challenge faced by prospective members, but current members of Greek chapters also struggle with internal policies. Greek organizations must follow stricter university policies because of their national affiliation. In other words, other Registered Student Organizations (RSOs) have shorter and simpler event registration forms under RattlerTracks. The form for social Greek organizations can extend 2–3 pages longer than non-Greek RSOs. When member numbers are already small for a Greek chapter, this lengthy paper process can sometimes hinder the timeline

Kappa Delta Chi Sorority Inc’s wooden letters at Greek Quad on Oct. 14. | Photo by Natalia Zuniga

of recruitment every semester Students who wish to join may be deterred from joining due to the social stigma that commonly surrounds Greek organizations. According to a study done by NASPA Assessment & Knowledge Consortium, 61 percent of Greek students said non-Greeks viewed them negatively, but, in truth, only 42 percent of non-Greeks did. Greek Life at St. Mary’s attempts to be different than this stigma. It provides a lifetime bond that is not typically received by being involved in non-Greek RSOs. They provide business and scholarship opportunities unique to their chapters. Students can use these opportunities on their resumes and other applications. The bond stretches out as a network as students go through college and past graduation dates. Dr. Sherri King, director of Student Activities and Transition Programs, mentions the educational advantage for students. “Typically, the GPA of our Greek students is almost, across the board, always higher

than those of our non-Greek students,” King said. The fall semester currently has 36 new members joining Greek Life, who are students that have signed bids and are going through the recruitment process. Growth in fraternities is slightly bigger than for sororities, but sororities have a cap of 40–60 members. Sabina Ramirez, associate director of Student Activities and Transition Programs, believes that all students should find an organization that fits who they are. “Make your mark. Find your niche on campus and find a way to get involved … find that thing that you do.” Ramirez said. Those who do not want to join have the same opportunities if they choose not to go down the Greek life path. With well over 60 RSOs on campus, students have options in terms of what to join, including Greek organizations. “Greek life is one of many awesome opportunities to get involved during your college years,” King said.

Ambassadors come to St. Mary’s to speak to guests about Foreign Services PAIGE GANDARA-VALDERAS EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

Ambassador Arnold Chacon, director general of the Foreign Service, came to St. Mary’s on Friday, Oct. 7 to speak about career services and opportunities for students at the State Department. The university center’s conference room B was nearly filled to capacity with about 70 people in attendance for his speech. Chacon is originally from Denver, Colorado. He has worked for the State

Department in many capacities, including internationally in countries such as Spain, Honduras, Mexico, Chile, Italy, Peru and Ecuador. Chacon also serves as the director of human resources of the Department of State. Chacon came to San Antonio to speak to and recruit students from the University of the Incarnate Word, Texas A&M San Antonio and St. Mary’s. Chacon believes that speaking to St. Mary’s is important because St. Mary’s has “a storied reputation for sending students into the Foreign Service

From left to right:, Ambassador Oliver P. Garza; speaker Ambassador Arnold Chacon; the president of the university Thomas Mengler; and Ambassador James F. Creagan | Photo by Chris T. Repka

careers.” There are currently 15 diplomats in the Foreign Service that came from St. Mary’s including James Creagan, who is also a visiting professor. “St. Mary’s has a real keen interest in international affairs that want to do public service,” Chacon said. “Because we want a diverse work force, I target Hispanicservicing-institutions because I think they have a lot of value. Hispanics have options and sometimes they don’t know that Foreign Service are one of those options.” Geovanie “Geo” Ordonez, senior political science and international relations majors, attended the speech and believes it gave her a new option for post-graduation. “I really enjoyed hearing just how impactful the Foreign Service [is],” Ordonez said. “His speech excited me because it gave me the confidence to believe that I could one day be a Foreign Service officer.” Chacon received a degree in international affairs at the University of Boulder in Colorado. He believes his education has helped him with his current positions in the foreign services because early on he met diplomats who got him interested in the career path. “I am not a typical diplomat,” Chacon said. “My family is one of the earliest Spanish-Mexican settlers in the southwest. In 300 years, we didn’t venture very far [from Denver, Colorado]. Nothing in my background had ever suggested that I was going to be a diplomat, but I was exposed to it by other people.”

St. Mary’s students were engaged in conversation and asked Chacon questions during the Q&A session that followed his speech. “I feel like his speech was quite helpful because it gave me a whole new insight on international careers that really makes an impact,” Danielle Lopez, senior art education major said. Chacon mentioned that no matter what major someone has decided to pursue, anyone could be a part of Foreign Service or of another department in the Department of State. Chacon oversees 800 civil and Foreign Service employees who help retain and sustain the State Department’s 70,000-member workforce. Chacon encourages St. Mary’s students to “focus, study, apply yourself, stay curious, be open and stay challenged” when it comes school. Chacon hopes that his speech at St. Mary’s has opened opportunites for the students. Internships and other foreign service opportunities can be found at careers. Students can also look into the diplomatic residence program by going to Creagan’s office located in St. Louis Hall room 316 where he can help students get connected with Floyd Cable, who is a diplomatic officer living in Austin. “This is an answer of being a part of something that is larger than oneself and to live a life of meaning and purpose,” Chacon said. “I’ve come to issue that call to service as a purpose and a vocation.”

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EVER CONSIDER BECOMING A MARIANIST BROTHER, PRIEST OR SISTER? Brother José Julián Matos-Auffant, SM, says he was drawn to “teaching as a sacred calling and to religious life.” Learn more: Brother Tom Wendorf, SM, Sister Nicole Trahan, FMI,


UNDERGRADUATE LIST Greehey School of Business Tanuja Singh, D.B.A., Dean HIGHEST HONORS Ahmed Alamoudi Sebastian Avila Bridgette Audrey Bondoc Veronica Gail Bou Onk Benoît Pascal Bourban Cassandra C. Cantu Mateo Andres Cuenca Eduardo Cuevas Vilimira N. Delcheva Cynthia S. Devine Shea Nicole Dinsmore Valerie Dominguez Andrea K. Elizarraraz Camilo Escobar Erin C. Fernandez Leanne Fuentes Steven Michael Galvan Justin R. Garcia Alex G. Gavin Meghan E. Geraci

Nathalie M. Handal Zacharie Johnson Matthew T. Keller Mitchell F. Kilmer Jamie Kaylin Kruseman Linda Louise Kuhlman Cristina Lily Lopez Gerardo Ivan Morales Hannah Odom Mark L. Perez Darion Danielle Ramirez Jose E. Reyes Gerardo L. Rivera Samuel E. Santos Megan T. Steadman Irving Tochez Marisela Trevino Timothy Q. Trinh Juergen Truffner

HIGH HONORS Sultan Khaled Aljawini Guillermo J. Avelar Natalie Cristal Barajas Kelly Elizabeth Baron John Barr Priya S. Bhakta Kaitlyn A. Bloch Nathan M. Bonsignore Kelly Christine Contreras Gemeny Givens Richard Kyle Green Michael Hernandez Michael A. Maciel

Cameron A. Martinez Savannah I. Monterrey Aime Navarrete Reyes Magda Olivas Carmona Hannah Rose Petersen Diana K. Rocha Ramos Anna Rae Stevens Alberto C. Torres Katie L. Tracy Tina Valdez Paige Marie Weiss Katelan D. Young Neil M. Zamora

HONOR Pamela Acevedo Aliana Gabrielle Aguilar James D. Alexander Najat M. Alhassan Nejad A. Alshubbar Christopher Ayala Burt Barr Pedro A.Canizalez Ibarra Sarah Ann Cantu Giovanni D. Castillo Jose E. Castro Matthew S. Causino Matthew J. Chavez Jonathan Jefferson Clauss Katelyn D. Corley Courtney Marie Cotterill Christopher A. Dale Cristina M. Diaz Italia D. Flores Priscilla S. Garza Phillip A. Gonzales Maria Regina Gonzalez Carina S. Gonzalez Lauren O. Guajardo Gonzalo Guerra Alyssa J. Gutierrez Oswaldo Hernandez Tayaba Y. Khan Madison King Vanessa Y. Lopez Rodrigo Lopez Aldo Maldonado

Brisa M. Hernandez John Frederic Mijares Cassidy A. Moss Maria Ontiveros Padilla Leslie Ortiz Ivis Maritza Palacios Jenna Dell Paul Lucia R. Paz Morgan Playle Vicente X. Quintero Ahmed H. Rabaan Arcadio A. Ramos Samantha J. Ramos Giselle Ramos Jorge Ramos Jonathan D. Reyes Tirzah A. Robinson Estefany E. Robledo Kimberly Ann Rodriguez Mariela Sarinana Nathan J. Schwertner Justin Tyler Sebo Emily Grey Snedeker Rosa E. Sotelo Julia R. Spurlock Andres R. Valle Marianna B. Vargas Javier V. Ceballos Sydney P. Wellmann Yannick Thomas Wetzell Jack R. Wolf

School of Humanities and Social Sciences Janet B. Dizinno, Ph.D., Dean HIGHEST HONORS Juan A. Alanis Hanna Algasem Jacquelyn C. Banton Mackenzie M. Burris Alisa M. Calvillo Christina A. Carrion Lauren N. Chavez Juana J. Contreras

Aisha Jamila Denis Mia D. Diaz Selena Diaz Jesse D. Durovey Timothy R. Ellebracht Mariah Escajeda Angelica Espinoza Barbara Falcon-Mendoza


David A. Fernandez Ignacio J. Fernandez Megan Kathleen Flores Charles A. Frigerio Alejandra Garcia Sara Guarino Marissa G. Guzman Christina A. Haynes Christa N. Herrera Carolina Herrera Sydnee S. Hodge Felix Joshua Hollaway Josue Horacio Jaramillo Kaitlyn N. Judge Katherine R. Knodell Zachary R. Lara Carla M. Leal-Willett Emily J. Lenhart Alexandria Joy Maciel Ana M. Mahomar Mikaela M. Martinez Hannah Michel Brianna T. Minjarez Mary N. Moipei Magdalene N. Moipei Marta S. Moipei Christian Molina Ashleigh Ann Morales

Corey Andrew Nobilo Jasmine A. O’Neal Michael Charles Perez Sergio Porras Kristina Ramirez Christopher T. Repka Celina D. Resendez Juan D. Rivas Desiree Robles Keith Roperes Alexandra J. Rusavage Sarafina San Miguel Roberta Schoenmakers Quinton K. Smithwick Camille Christine Stecker James Alexander Stumpff Karina Lizette Tobias Angel Torres Juan Jose Torres Kendall Bell Traa Emily Troell Kevin S. Vallecillos Victoria E. Vela Samuel F. Wheatley Kerry K. Wiegand Tyler Simone Wright Kaeleen M. Zeleznak

HIGH HONORS Abbygale Acevedo Klarissa D. Alvarado Gabriela Aquino Aguilar Claudia J. Arredondo Layane Atarji Julianna Elia Burrus Briana D. Bustamante Alicia Cadena Amber R. Calvillo Chrislin Marie Campbell Alejandro Carrillo Jason Castro Antonio T. Coffee Christopher Cordero Rebecca Cordova Noel O. Cortez Joshua T. Davila Tyler Morgan Ervin Megan Grace Escalante Estefania F. Gonzalez Paige Gandara-Valderas Alberto S. Garcia Hannah Elizabeth Garcia Alexis Garza Maria M. Garza Tyler J. Gibson Zonia Teresa Huerta Jonah P. Kavanaugh Nathaniel Joseph Landry Erik M. Leija Maximiliano S. Lerma Sidney T. Lopez Jessica E. Luna Maria E. Martinez Denise Grace Martinez

Rachel A. McNaughton Lavenderjit K. Mehat Raul A. Mejia Paige Nicole Meyer Raelynn Morales Jennifer A. Moynahan Geovanie S. Ordonez Alessandra D. Ortiz Kendall M. Pasko Monica C. Perez Joshua Avtar Perry Alana M. Pohovich Isabel Nicole Ramirez Marisol Ramirez Miriam Yanelly Robles Chantelle Ruidant Danielle A. Saenz Stacie B. Sanchez Ileana I. Sandoval Giselle I. Schoenmakers Veronica R. Solis Elia Soto Stephanie N. Starr Gabriella Irene Tejeda Celeste A. Torres Alexander Trevino Lizette Vianey Varela Mark A. Vargas Taylor Lauren Vaughan Jesus F. Velasquez Theodore P. Wenske Daphnne Lynn Williams Robert M. Zeitzmann Alexis I. Zepeda

Steal L. Adcock Victor Aguilar Sydney M. Alfaro Jourdan N. Alvarez Magdalena Banda Dominique Marie Bernal Alyssa Nicole Besa Daniela Borrego Patricio Botello Faz Jacqueline M. Bracero Raul Anthony Caballero Kimberly-A. Cardenas Yesenia Cardenas Katia Cardiel Serena Nicole Casanova Monica L. Chavarria Javier R. Chavez Danielle Cramberg Caitlin M. Cranston Dulce M. Cuellar Jack W. Dunn Jodie F. Edwards Melanie Ann Farris Marcos Arturo Faz Marina J. Flores Valeria D. Garcia Brianna N. Garcia Maribel Garcia Re’Shea N. Garrison Cara E. Gobea

Kassandra Gomez Carlos Gomez Katelyn B. Gonzalez Cinthia P. Guevara Jennifer Y. Hernandez Joseph A. Hernandez Christopher D. Herrera Ashley B. Huron Valerie Gayle Huskey Chisara K. Iwuchukwu Allison Janet James Alison M. Jarzombek Sara Yoshi Jauregui Martin A. Jimenez Max A. Laguna Lluvia M. Loeza Danielle D. Lopez Corina Tonantzy Lopez Meagan K. Lozano Jacqueline Lucero Quinton T. Magee Jorge Manzanares Liliana M. Martinez Samantha M. Martinez Graciela I. Martinez Loriann A. Martinez Maria L. Martinez Santos Janellie Mendez Nicolas Mendoza Michelle Michimani


Gabriela D. Monreal Nathaniel Montemayor Elliot Montesinos Isabella M. Morales Vanessa L. Osteguin Emily Victoria Paez Stephanie Pardo Samantha Parma Alexandra E. Pearson Javier Adrian Perez Vanessa Perez Diana Nicole Perez Ashlee V. Perez Fabiana M. Pineda Sosa Duffy M. Pitlock Taylor A. Pollock Irma Lourdes Ramirez Mari Carmen Ramirez Mariah Ruth Ramos Vanessa Diane Regalado Efren Rios Perales Thomas Rivera Eric R. Rodriguez Jessica Rodriguez Yasmin P. Rodriguez Jose Rodriguez Gomez

Allison M. Rose Allyson Rae Rumfield Jessika Bibiana Saldaña Kristal Danielle Salinas Huaren Salinas Gonzalez Mehmet Furkan Samuk Victoria L. Sanchez Steven T. Sanchez Cody D. Sanders Michael Luis Segura Nadia N. Serna Brianna Leigh Shafer Sandra G. Sosa Jose A. Tapia Villasenor Tyra Timm Megan L. Tomlin Lourdes Tovar Kayla G. Trevino Jocelyn M. Trujillo Denisse A. Vargas Blake A. Vera Anna L. Villarreal Samantha R. Zambrano Amber R. Zavala

School of Science, Engineering, and Technology Winston Erevelles, Ph.D., Dean HIGHEST HONORS Ali Radih Alamer Abdualrahman Aldossari Abdullah M.S. Alharthi Talal Almaghthawi Stephanie M. Alvarez Alexis Lorraine Amaya Giselle E. Angermaier Savannah J. Avila Bettina L. Babu Jemima Karen Baca Mohammed R. Basarwan Matthew J. Beauregard Jazmin Beltran Gastelum Jesus A. Bocanegra Brianna Luisa Carrillo Isaac Anthony Castillo Charis Ellen Castillo Christopher A. Chavez Guadalupe C. Ibarra Alyssa Martha Cortez Alejandra Lorena Coto Kevin F. Courtois Roxana I. Cruz Santory Eduardo Davalos Iliana E. De La Cruz Brian J. Diaz Liliana Espinoza Hannah Elizabeth Fields John M. Fitzpatrick Geyner Andres Gaona Angela M. Garcia Valeria Garza Edward R. Garza Rebeca M. Gurrola Liza Marie Hepburn Michael M. Herrera Brennen G. Horton Alexander D. Horwath Nacer Ibaroudene Yajaira S. Jimenez George Nicholas Khawly

D’Andree Edith Lara Genne Liu Todd Nicholas Lombardi Gabriela Widad Lopez Amanda Erin Macias Nathan Ediso Lee Marcos Kayla F. Martinez Ariadne I. Martinez Raynelle Lynette Nash Nilusha Firoz Navodiya Thao N. Thanh Nguyen Thanh N. Nguyen Vy Le Phuong Nguyen Michael P. Olson Katie Ormiston Iqra Qazi Anthony Fabian Quesada Katherine M. Ramos Augustin Rodriguez Bianca A. Romo Kaitlyn T. Salisbury Hector Octavio Sandoval Rachael A. Scicchitano Stephanie Hai-Hua Sh Rachel J. Singleton Andrea T. Smith Joe Anthony R. Suarez Xavier Nathaniel Tijerina Adriana A. Torres Edith Torres Megan E. Uhlig Ethan E. Valdez Adelind Iris S. Vanskiver Angelina Reina Varela Johanna Villarreal Brittany L. Vorheis Anvy Thai Vu Kristal A. Williams Tayler Lynnae Williams Rony N. Yassin

Mohamad A. Abdallah

Harun Ahmad Khan Matthew D. Knodell Alfred J. Laborde Ricardo Lozano Denise T. Ma Andrea L. Magana Brandon L. McClellan Stephanie O. Figueroa Aenea M. Ponce De Leon Jesus Angel Quilantan Ashley Samantha Rangel Angela Marissa Rea Jenna Marie Rivera Maria J. Rivera Dakota Walker Rodgers Raul A. Rodriguez Jaremy Rodriguez Isabella Salinas Aylin A. Salinas Brett Daniel Schneider


Abdulrahman Abualshamat

Sylvia Adu-Gyamfi Michelle Elizabeth Akana Fatima F. Al-Quaiti Preston Carl Allen Waleed Alrabghi Ashkan A. Aminian Rachel Sena Amuzu Jose M. Antelo Alex S. Artola Badr M. Basager Brody Benavides Ruayda Bouls Stephen M. Braden Tori L. Crandall David C. Culbreth Roberto C. Fernandez Valeria Garcia Gutierrez Rosa M. Guzman

Cody Ryan Thomas Joshua C. Villanueva

Ray Xyruz T. Villariz

HONOR Kiernan M. Akers Hussah A. Al Habbas Ahmed Al Okran Abdulkareem Alfayyadh Loiy Sami Alherz Ahmed Alqahtani Mohammad F. Alshobbar Jake O. Alvarez Rosa L. Antunez Bryce M. Brandl Joan S. Bryant Cristian Buelna Marco Esteban Cabello Mario C. Cancel Derrick R. Carrisalez Nikita N. Chandra Damian D. Cisneros Andres Jerell Cuellar Michael A. De Anda Aurea F. Sicato Dias Diana l. Diaz Ian Joshua Dominguez Brandon Mitchell Duke Jose Daniel Duron Katherine Ferran Roger A. Flores Amairany Franco Mildred N. Garcia Cassandra J. Garcia Lauren A. Garcia Ashley N. Gomez Deandra C. Gonzalez Maria F. Gonzalez Jacob J. Green Michael Edward Gregory Karla Guerra Victoria Gutierrez Jenna M. Hopwood Andrew Jazbani Matthew Michael Jones Luke A. Keller Gina M. Khong Stephanny Lizarraga Antonio Alfonso Lopez Sultan Alsayed Mabrouk

Jeet Master Ariana Isabel McDarby Diego A. Mendez Bahaa S. Mogari Jose Angel Molina Laura V. Moore Claudia Moreno-Romero Josiah Cruz Mosquera Savannah M. Muniz Aaron T. Nava Vincent Lysle Nelson Anna Nguyen Kien J. Nguyen Otito N. Onwuzurike Karina E. Perez Galindo Rayan Hashim Qasem Briana Ramirez Aimee L. Ramirez Cody G. Rivera Magen C. Robinson Michael Angel Robledo Nicole M. Rodriguez Jorge R. Rodriguez Tobar Pia A. Morante Roperes Kristen N. Salazar Gerardo Miguel Salgado Enrique Salinas Christina E. Sanchez Jose Manuel Tanori Sainz Zoria L. Temple Lisa Tomenendal Gabriel Esai Torres Harrison Toudouze Clayton Jacob Trevino Fernando A. Urbina Juan Valdez Jennifer Nicole Valle Daniel A. Vargas Melissa Vargas Karina Vargas Torrecilla Sarah J. Wagner David Lloyd Wolford Wen Mai Wong Edgar Yanez

GRADUATE LIST Greehey School of Business

Nicholas Johnson Jennifer R. Lloyd Rebecca Merrill

Sean M. Strater Ryan Michael Wempe

School of Humanities and Social Sciences Nargis Ali Madhawi Alkhtani Nouf Hussein Alotaibi Michelle Erin Alvarado Melanie Clare Asdourian Christopher Joseph Bahr Aaron M. Bateman Cynthia G. Brehm Linda Brown Jennifer Lee Caldwell Michelle Chong-Macias Emily Amanda Daniels Johanna K. Denton James Paul Dossey Emily Diane Galindo Melanie Elyse Gomez Stefanie M. Gonzales Josiah A. Gonzalez Christopher G. Gulde Karen K. Gulde Karen K. Hall Greg Harman Marleyne Hernandez Jaryd Robert Hodgson

Terrill Brant Kucera Anita Lightfoot Ashley Marie Lopez Wendy M. Malone Amanda Denise Morales Pablo Muniz Brianna Narvaez Rhianna P. Patrinely Colton Powell Daniel Reed Haley Nicole Richter Alfredo Rivera Angelica Rodriguez Sergio Edson Rodriguez Carly Rouston Morgan Elizabeth Rutter Armando Salazar Haifa Ali Sharyah Michelle R. Torres Enoch T. Trefflich Hillary D. Villanueva Lindsay Erin Weaver Emma Helen Willis

School of Science, Engineering, and Technology Mohammad Alhudhaif Miguel Angel Angulo

Scott A. Simpson Dante C. Tezza



New costumes, celebrating or mimicking? Michelle


EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief Paige Gandara-Valderas Managing Editor Jasmin Rivera Copy Editor Dean Detten Advertising Manager Michelle Michimani-Leyva Layout and Design Editor Christopher Repka Web Editor Samantha Ramos Photo Editor Julia Ewalefo Assistant Photo Editor Natalia Zuniga News Editor Ricardo E. Reyes Features Editor Megann Vera Commentary Editor Sofia Zanetta Entertainment Editor Miriam Robles Sports Editor Demarius Holmes Faculty Adviser Brother Dennis Bautista, S.M., Ph.D.

LETTER TO THE EDITOR POLICY The Rattler welcomes letter to the editor. Letters should not exceed 500 words and must include writer’s name, classification, major and telephone number. Editors reserve the right to edit submissions for length, grammar, spelling and content. For more information, call the newsroom at (210) 436-3401 or email

Halloween brings concerns about costumes which misappropriate cultures. Most recently, Disney came under fire for their Polynesian demigod Maui costume, released ahead of the new Disney movie “Moana.” The Maui costume, unlike all other Disney branded costumes included “skin color,” which was brown skin. Many criticized Disney for cultural appropriation of the Polynesian people. With Halloween right around the corner, costumes are under fire for the scandalous connotations they carry. Halloween costumes on sale in, a seasonal Halloween store, carries costumes such as “Indians,” “Mexican man costumes” and “sexy Geisha.” Frida De Paolo, freshman psychology major, finds this trend of cultural costumes to be objectionable. “Anything that takes culturally significant object[s], makes [it] a mockery of it by presenting it as a costume,” De Paolo said. Not only are these costumes taking something significant from a culture, but it also sexualizes them by making costumes into small, tight dresses. Most costumes that are being culturally appropriated come from minorities. These minorities are having some of their culture or even negative stereotypes paraded as a “joke” during Halloween. Costumes such as “sexy border patrol” is borderline racism in a form of a costume. The “sexy border patrol” costume

can be seen as a negative connotation to some people. During the past few years, such costumes have sparked campaigns to raise awareness to this cultural plague. One example is the Students Teaching About Racism in Society (S.T.A.R.S) organization, a program that launched a successful poster campaign titled “We’re a Culture Not a Costume.” Despite the turmoil that the costumes are creating, Christian Lozano, freshman music major, finds costumes to be no cause for alarm. “Halloween, it’s something [meant] to be ironic just like the way comedy is,” Lozano said. It’s okay to make fun of yourselves, you don’t have to be so serious. I mean that’s what the day is for, it’s a holiday.” Lozano is not the only one who thinks this way, as every year people host parties with scandalous themes such as University of Chicago’s “ghetto” themed party in 2015. It is often not those whose culture is misappropriated who think this way though, often writing it off as hypersensitivity. “Of course you can never please everybody, so it’s going to be offensive to some people,”

Lozano said. There are some lines that should not be crossed- especially when choosing a costume that aims to portray a culture outside of one’s own. Ximena Acosta, sophomore humanities major, shares an example she has seen of a costume that can be disconcerting for many. “I’ve seen some costumes where it’s like of a slave and I think that’s pushing the line, especially … not saying it would be any better if it was an African-American doing it, but seeing a white male dressed as a slave I think that’s racism, I don’t think that is for all fun and jokes for Halloween,” Acosta said. Costumes such as Indians and Geishas have cultural significance. Wearing what people call “stereotypical” accessories of such cultures, such as placing feathers in the hair, is turning a person’s culture and lifestyle into a joke, or even a “fashion” statement. “If the costume does not belong to your culture at all, it should not be worn,” De Paolo said. To avoid mocking a certain culture, people should not wear something that would be considered stereotyping a certain identity by appropriating it for

Disney’s interpretation of a Polynesian god costume for children Graphic by Paige Gandara -Valderas

Two candidates, one morally based vote Dean


Watching the presidential debates can cause a person to become disaffected because of the lack of an invigorating candidate. This has left many calling for a third party choice, but it is not wise to vote for these candidates. An election process is only democratic if people are able to vote for the best representative. Unfortunately, due to the candidates in this election, this is difficult. Some believe that voting for a third party is “throwing away a vote.” While inaccurate, the stakes are too high to repeat the 2000 election. While Ralph Nader is unfairly accused of giving the election to President Bush for “stealing” votes away from Al Gore, this election is more critical. The free system is damaged when it suggests that a vote for someone outside of the establishment parties is “stolen.” Yet, a vote for the next two popular candidates, Green Party’s Jill Stein or Libertarian Party’s Gary Johnson, is not a vote that changes this failing, and needs to go to elect the more qualified Hillary Clinton. While many St. Mary’s students followed and supported Bernie Sanders and hoped for a revolution, this will not happen by voting for Stein. The reality is that the president is going to be either Clinton or Donald Trump,

and a vote cast for anyone who does not defeat Trump is not worth the risk. While both candidates are war mongering, elitest, corporate-endorsed and damaging to the LGBTQ community, there is only one who is mentally stable enough to be the next president. Trump’s salacious, misogynistic comments about women, calling for the xenophobic ban of Muslims from entering the U.S. and repeatingly insulting minorities make him unfit to serve as president. Neither candidate is ideal. Many argue that Trump is only trying to garner support and does not mean what he says, but Trump “speaking his mind” and does not excuse the inflammatory rhetoric nor energizing of hateful groups across the country. Anyone who responds sophomorically via social media when questioned, or makes such comments as he’s made is not suited to lead the largest economy in the world. Clinton may be a career politician, a supporter of war and a centrist who borders on right leaning, but she is more competent, poised and, frankly, sane. While it would be nice to vote for someone who energizes the entire nation or is a true progressive, the reality of this election cycle does not allow it. Come November, there is only one true choice for president. While tempting for people, especially the college-educated demographic, it is important to not cast a protest vote, but instead ensure that Trump, and his authoritarian ideals, are not elected.



Forty states terrorized by scary clowns, St. Mary’s students have no safety concern Samantha



Graphic by Samantha Ramos

Clowns, often associated with the circus or a child’s birthday party, have been getting a different kind of attention lately. Instances of people dressed as clowns who then are roaming roads, terrorizing neighborhoods and threatening schools have been reported throughout the country. A near paranoia has sometimes lead scared clown spotters to violent altercations. Halloween seems to have come early this year since this recent trend has caught on nationwide. Beginning as early as August, at least 40 states have experienced the clown hysteria according to Heavy News. These clown sightings are nothing more than people dressing up in circus attire, showing up to places and generating baseless threats that are intended to play on many people’s fear of clowns. Although these clowns have caused a stir and have been successful in scaring people into staying out of the woods, the clowns are nothing more than just another social fad with no legitimate threat. This clown craze, which the New York Post is calling “The Great Clown Panic of 2016” began in the small town of Greenville, S.C. when reports were filed of clowns trying to lure children into the woods. The following months is when the craze

caught on, with reports coming in from all over the nation of similar sightings. Clown sightings have dominated news outlets lately with reports of sightings being released almost every day, including several close to home. San Antonio has become one of the cities victimized by the clowns. Many school districts, including the Northside, North East, San Antonio and Harlandale districts, have all received clown-related threats. An armed clown was even behind a home invasion on the westside of San Antonio. So far, no threats have been made to the St. Mary’s campus. Though the fad may be trending on social media, it seems that St. Mary’s students are not too involved with the trend. “I don’t think that St. Mary’s is keeping up with the clown trend,” Alexandra Gonzalez, junior theology major, said. “Have I felt scared? Yes… but I haven’t seen anything.” Among the almost 30 people arrested in connection with the clown terror antics, the majority have been teenagers with too much time on their hands and access to a clown costume. On Monday, Sept. 26 three teens were arrested when the FBI got involved after 24 schools in an Arizona school district were threatened over social media. “I hope no threats come to St. Mary’s,” Alejandra Garcia, freshman English major, said. “I’ve heard that for Halloween people

are going to dress up likes clown … clowns have gotten arrested, so I hope that nobody puts themselves in that situation.” The damage runs much deeper than the empty threats or paranoid parents, it’s affecting people who work as clowns, with many of them losing business. Some of them are even being mistaken for those with malicious intent. In Houston, a group of clowns who were performing at a venue was reported to authorities because there is nothing that differentiates the professionals from the jokesters. With Halloween only a couple weeks away, there are several reasons why this kind of trend has popped up. It could all be an elaborate publicity stunt, with the remake of the Stephen King classic “It” set to premier next year. In the era of social media trends, the more probable theory behind the clown craziness is that it’s merely another craze that all the kids feel obligated to follow. “It [the clowns] is definitely just a trend,” Garcia said. “Right now, I don’t know why creeping people out is funny for some reason? I think it’s just going to be a ‘this year’ kind of thing.” Whether it’s a social media fad, a hoax or a publicity stunt, the clown craze has gotten completely out of hand and has caused Americans to be on edge for the past couple of months. Those participating are facing real-life consequences and should be aware that their threats are taken seriously.

MAC cosmetics: Promoting the beautiful life of Selena or economic benefit? Sydney


The Selena MAC Cosmetics line was premiered to the public and was quickly loved by many who had the chance to purchase it. Selena Quintanilla’s family worked very closely with MAC Cosmetics to help get the line of makeup out there, which makes it that much more sentimental. For the St. Mary’s community specifically, Selena’s line of makeup is an important influence to the Latina community. “Many Latinas look up to Selena because she was humble, yet strong minded,” Cassie Lozano, senior math major, said. “She didn’t allow society to bring her down. Because of that, I do believe that Latinas look up to her.” MAC Cosmetics first pitched the idea to the Quintanilla family about this product line. It was confirmed that it was going to be joining the MAC family on July 16. Selena’s family was supportive of the idea and helped with the process of creating the brand. Suzette Quintanilla, Selena’s sister, chose the purple packaging color because it was Selena’s favorite color. Some lipstick shades were named after some of her hit songs such as “Como La Flor” and “Bidi Bidi Bom Bom.” Selena’s talent and beauty was reflective in her colorful brand. “The [Selena] Mac line was simple, humble, yet bold, which is how she was with her fans.” Lozano said. The complete Selena set consists of five

eye shadow shades, liquid eyeliner, black mascara, three lipsick colors, shiny lip gloss, pressed powder blush and an allpurpose makeup brush. There were many reviews online shortly after the Selena MAC release that put the products to the test. Selena’s line has been well-liked by most online reviewers, both amateur makeup artists and professionals. One beauty expert and video blogger, GlamourZen, said, “This is the beauty product that I have been waiting for my entire life…This product is a huge deal to me and obviously so many other fans…It’s so amazing that MAC listened to the fans and made this happen.” The collection sold out online within the first couple of hours from its release, but many fans were left empty handed. Though the limited-edition product had sold out, it is worth the wait for many because of the sentimental value the line holds. Selena had always wanted her own makeup line and now she has it. Recently, she had a wax figure revealed and this year she is even getting her own Hollywood star. MAC Cosmetics Selena collection is important to those who loved the late artist. She was a beautiful person with a stunning voice who worked hard to become something when her family had little to nothing. She has inspired many young girls in the Latina community and even entered the hearts of those unalike. The collection is a reminder of the great work Selena did, and will no doubt keep her dreams living on for years to come.



Though the new Selena Collection, recently released by MAC Cosmetics, has been highly anticipated by the late singer’s fans, many are having a difficult time purchasing the new products. Fans lined up outside stores, only to be let down after discovering that there were very limited quantities. After lining up and waiting hours, not all customers were able to purchase the product. Many online purchasers were also let down, faced with error screens, leaving them unable to complete their transactions. The entire collection sold out within 24 hours, leaving thousands of fans disappointed. Since the collection was sold out in stores and on the official MAC website, many who were able to purchase the product are now re-selling them at much higher prices. The entire collection is for sale on eBay for around $3000, compared to MAC’s original $259 asking price. Die-hard Selena fans may be willing to make the purchase, but it is unfortunate that people are taking advantage of the fact that this collection is limited edition and that it has sold out. “It’s a nice complete set, but it is a bit overpriced, especially because it’s pretty clear that everyone wants it and it’s hard for people to get,” Natalie Handal, junior marketing major, said. Many customers are also upset that the company sent PR packages to YouTube stars and beauty experts for free. Prior to

the release, MAC sent out free packages containing the new products to select people who promote and review makeup on popular internet platforms such as YouTube. Fans have complained about the free packages all over the internet. One Reddit user stated that the “real Selena fans should have gotten these instead.” “I honestly don’t feel like it is fair that [beauty experts] got free products, but I understand why they would do that for advertising,” Handal said. As for the actual makeup, reviewers have stated that the blush and the eye shadow colors are not as pigmented as other Mac products and that the eyeliner is difficult to apply. The eyeliner is also part of their permanent collection, the only difference is that MAC changed the packaging and added Selena’s name to the front. Non-Selena fans may be disappointed with the collection because it features very common colors. Though the beauty products may be doing good for some consumers, it begs the question of whether or not the Selena collection of MAC Cosmetics is really worth all the money being spent on the products when other, cheaper products can do the job just fine. St. Mary’s in particular has a high number of Hispanics/Latinas on campus, who, in most cases, see Selena as an idol. Having the chance to afford such a product like MAC’s Selena collection would be ideal for a population like St. Mary’s. One way or another, Selena’s legacy lives on through this line of products and, disappointed or not with the products or price, she will still have fans who support her and her music legacy.

¡Celebrando Día de los M


1.) Stir milk and butter over heat until combined. Cool to 110 F and remove from heat. Add 1/4 cup of warm water.

6.) Punch dough down and shape it into a large round loaf with a round knob on top.

2.) In a large bowl combine 1 cup of the flour, yeast, salt, anise seed and 1/4 cup of sugar. Beat in warm milk mixture from step 1, and then add 2 eggs, orange zest and beat until well combined.

7.) Place dough onto a baking sheet, cover loosely with plastic wrap and let rise in a warm place for about 1 hour or until it has doubled in size.

3.) Stir in 1/2 cup of flour and remaining flour until dough is soft. 4.) Place the dough on a lightly floured surface and knead until smooth and elastic 5.) Place the dough into a lightly greased bowl, cover with plastic wrap and let rise in a warm place until doubled in size. This will take about 1 - 2 hours.

8.) Bake in a preheated 350 F (175 C) oven for about 35 to 45 minutes. Remove bread from oven and brush with glaze while still warm. To make glaze: In a small saucepan combine the 1/4 cup sugar and 1/4 cup water. Bring to a boil over medium heat and boil for 2 minutes. Brush top of bread while still warm. Sprinkle glazed bread with white sugar.

SUPPLIES: • 1/4 stick butter

Working time: 1 hour

Waiting time: 4 hours

• 1/4 cup milk • 1/4 cup warm water (110 degrees F) • 3 cups all-purpose flour (divided) 1.


• 1 1 / 4 teaspoons active dry yeast • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 2 teaspoons anise seed • 1/2 cup white sugar (divided) • 2 eggs, beaten



• 1/4 cup orange zest, finely chopped • 1/4 cup water

PAPER MONARCH Working time: 15 minutes SUPPLIES: • Paper template from • Pipe cleaner / floral wire • Clear tape 1.) Print the paper monarch templates from

4.) Push wire through, using tape to secure paper monarch on wire.

2.) Color the monarchs as desired.

5.) Wrap excess wire around a paper marigold or something heavy to secure the paper monarch in place.

3.) Poke a hole through both “X’s” on the templates.


How to make four items to place on an ofrenda

1.) Mix teaspoon of meringue mix to every 1 cup of sugar. Depending on the size of the mold that is chosen, it will need to change the amount that is made. Two cups of sugar worked perfectly for the mold that was used when the recipe was tested.

4.) When the mixture begins to clump, gather in hand and insert thumb into it. The thumb-print should stick; If the mixture crumbles, it is too dry. The consistency should be similar to beach sand when making a sandcastle.

2.) Mix one teaspoon of water for every 1 cup of sugar and each teaspoon of meringue powder. Mix with fingers for two minutes.

6.) Turn the mold over, placing the contents onto wax paper or a cutting board. Wait 3-5 hours or until the mixture has hardened. If the mixture sticks to the mold, it was too wet; if the mixture crumbles, it was too dry.

3.) If mixture does not begin to aggregate, add water until it begins to stick together. Add 1/2 teaspoon at a time, mixing it in between.

5.) When mixture is complete, pack it tightly into the mold.

7.) When sugar skull is hard, begin painting it.

Working time: 10 minutes Waiting time: 5 hours SUPPLIES: • 1/2 cup of meringue powder • 2 cups of sugar • 1/4 teaspoon of water





• 1 large bowl • 1 cutting board • 1 sugar skull mold Editor’s Note: If it is difficult to find a mold, a hollow plastic skull from your local supply store can be cut in half and used as a mold instead.


• 1 sheet of 20 inch by 20 inch gift wrapping tissue. • 1 green pipe cleaner / 10 inches of floral wire • a pair of scissors Working time: 15 minutes 1.) Take a 20 square inch piece of tissue paper and fold into 8 pieces measuring 5 inches by 10 inches. 2.) Cut along the lines of the folds, making eight equally sized pieces. 3.) Stack them on top of each other, folding them like a fan with folds approximately 1/2 inch wide. This should result in a half-inch wide fan. 4.) Halfway down the length of the





fan, wrap a pipe cleaner around the paper, and then around itself until the paper holds securely in the grip of the pipe cleaner. Half of the paper fan should remain on each size of the loop of the pipe cleaner. 5.) Spread out each side of the paper fan into a semi-circle. Both sides should nearly make a full circle. 6.) Peel the eight layers of tissue paper apart, pulling them away from the stem of the pipe cleaner.



Program sharpens leadership skills SAMANTHA SALAZAR STAFF WRITER

Emerging Leaders is a semester long program focused on a variety of leadership topics presented by guest speakers. Students are paired into groups and are assigned a peer mentor who is an active leader on campus. Kendall Pasko, senior psychology major, is a peer mentor who accepted the position because she believes that leaders inspire success. “We ultimately inspire altruism, civic engagement, health and exceptionalism within our peers, on our campus and in our communities. It is simply beautiful,” Pasko said. At meetings, students listen to presentations from staff and faculty on topics such as time management, goal setting, the art of professional communication and how to dress for success. The goal of these presentations is to help students for future leadership opportunities. Venus Agueros, freshman sociology major, believes that as a member of Emerging Leaders she will be able to build relationships with student leaders and equip herself with helpful knowledge for leadership opportunities. “I wanted to be a part of Emerging Leaders because I saw it as an opportunity to meet with like-minded people who wanted to work together to enhance leadership skills that have already been instilled,” Agueros said. Although the program is only a couple of weeks in, Agueros has formed

many friendships. “This program so far has been an experience that I am eager to ride out and see what else is in store,” Agueros said. Jennifer Baltazar-Salinas, sophomore business management major was a participant in the program her freshman year in 2015 and now helps runs the program. She believes that Emerging Leaders helps build skills needed to be strong leaders. “The most important things about being in Emerging Leaders for me was being able to meet other individuals who want to make a difference in community, in learning the leadership process, and helping others grow,” Baltazar-Salinas said. With an emphasis on several different aspects of leadership such as organization, time management and goal setting, BaltazarSalinas believes that the program impacts students substantially not only for present opportunities, but especially for future leadership opportunities. “Emerging Leaders has a positive influence on individuals in the long-run because participants have the opportunity to learn about organization and time management, how to balance life/work and stress management, goal setting and distractions, professional communication, how to network, how to dress for success,” Baltazar-Salinas said. “Throughout these sessions participants are able to grow and be prepared to be a leader in the future.” After completing the program, members of Emerging Leaders celebrate their success with a graduation ceremony. Not only do members walk away with friends and connections, but also a lifetime of knowledge about how to be a successful leader.



Doctora Peace finds common ground with non-native speaking students CARMEN RUBY MORALES / DEAN DETTEN STAFF WRITER / COPY EDITOR

Dr. Meghann M. Peace, assistant professor of Spanish, is well loved by the students taking her intermediate and advanced level Spanish courses. She began her educational journey by double majoring in chemistry and Spanish at Bucknell University where she graduated from in 2004. Realizing her passion for the Spanish language, she obtained two masters degrees to further her understanding of Spanish, in particular, linguistics. She received her first master’s degree from the University of Virginia in 2006 in Spanish and Spanish American literature and her second master’s degree from the University of Massachusetts in Hispanic Linguistics in 2010. Motivated by a desire to teach collegiately and continue in her study of Spanish linguistics, she earned her doctorate in Hispanic linguistics from the University of Minnesota in 2014. She has been a full-time assistant professor at St. Mary’s since the fall 2014. Her extensive education, particularly in

the science of linguistics and how it affects language fluency, has made her a valuable addition to the Spanish department. Her background in Spanish, beginning in a classroom, is also noteworthy. Peace grew up in Pennsylvania with little exposure to the Spanish language. This lack of exposure made learning Spanish more difficult because she was not exposed to the language until much later in life. Developing the cognitive process of acquiring competency in languages becomes more difficult as people age. She did not let this difficulty impede her studies nor her vigor for the language. Being a non-heritage speaker has helped Peace understand and sympathize with students who have trouble in class learning the language. Her experience allows her to better understand the challenges of second language acquisition. Peace has a charismatic personality that makes her easy to get along with. This, coupled with her understanding of the difficulty of learning another language, makes it no surprise that she is beloved by everyone, and is something reflected by her approach to teaching Spanish.

“There is no pedagogical benefit when someone is speaking in a foreign language to correct every single error they make,” Peace said. “They will not remember them and it will completely discourage them from ever trying it again.” Peace dislikes lecturing and prefers to have more hands on projects and opportunities to practice writing and speaking the language. Peace has a true passion for Spanish, especially teaching it. This passion extends to the studying of languages in general, as she is proficient in English, Spanish and Portuguese but has also studied French, Latin and Russian. She gets to teach topics she is interested in, while conducting research that correlates nicely with what she teaches. Most recently, she has began research on the difference between Spanish in Texas, Spanish in Mexico and Spanish in Spain, a topic that reflects her recent leading of the St. Mary’s semester abroad program outside of Madrid, Spain. For Peace, one of the best compliments she can receive is when a student she has taught decides to major or minor in Spanish after having taken her class. She is happy

Photo by Natalia Zuniga

to know that she can influence students in a way that makes them want to study the language and subject that she loves so dearly. Peace is enthusiastic about linguistics and has a personal goal to spread the love of cultures and their languages to her students. “My great goal is that every single person in the U.S. have the capacity to communicate in at least two languages,” Peace said.

Farmers’ Market brings affordable, healthy choices to students and community MEGANN VERA FEATURES EDITOR

Every first Friday of the month St. Mary’s students and members of the surrounding community have the opportunity to purchase fresh produce at the on-campus farmers’ market, which takes place in Parking Lot G. The Farmers’ Market is sponsored by the San Antonio Food Bank and the sustainability committee on campus. Each month the food bank and other local San Antonio vendors bring fresh, Texasgrown produce to shoppers as a healthy alternative to the typical foods college students have available to eat in their rooms. Healthy food options aren’t the only things provided at the market. Representatives from the food bank are available to give out healthy eating tips, provide nutritional information and answer any questions attendees might have. The October Farmers’ Market was the first time the food bank’s Mobile Mercado was on campus. The Mobile Mercado offers produce as well as other healthy food products. The Mercado also presents live food preparation demonstrations to attendees. “The Farmers’ Market was a really great experience,” Natalie Barajas, senior marketing major, said. Also available for purchase at the October market were products from a number of independent vendors. Famous Juice Co. offered samples of their freshly pressed, all natural juices packed full with fruits and vegetables. Organically Inc., a beauty supply store which sells completely organic soaps, scrubs, lotions, and other beauty and bath products, sold their body soaps and face scrubs. Lantana Baking Co. had a variety of cookies, pastries and breads available for purchase. “The juices were really good and the soaps and lotions smelled so good,” Barajas said. Local artist Ruben E. Garcia also had some of his artwork and jewelry for sale. The Garden Anywhere Box also had a booth. The Garden Anywhere box

From left to right: Natalie Barajas senior marketing major; Jennifer Salinas, senior finance and risk management and philosophy major; and Lauren Bailey, senior accounting and data analytics major browse at Organically Inc.’s booth at the October Farmers’ Market. | Photo by Destiny Leonard

gives urban gardeners a compact system for gardening and watering all in one small package. The Farmers’ Market will be back on campus next month and the sustainability committee hopes to bring the Mobile Mercado back as well. The Farmers’ Market is part of the sustainability committee’s ongoing work with the San Antonio Food Bank to lessen food insecurity in San Antonio. Food insecurity happens when access to a sufficient quantity of affordable and healthy food is limited or non-existent. This insecurity is high in the neighborhood around St. Mary’s. One goal of the Farmers’ Market is to provide those residents access to healthy, affordable foods.



Featured art peice by San Antonio emeringing artist Ana Hernandez-Burrweel| during Artpace’s 13th anuual Chalk it Up on Houston street downton on Saturday, Oct. 8 l Photo by Paige Gandara-Valderas

Chalk it Up turns San Antonio streets into art celebration Artpace, a local artist-in-residence museum, celebrated their 13th annual Chalk it Up event on Houston street downtown. Houston street was completely chalked up by professional artists, amateur artists and anyone who just wanted to enjoy the day creating chalk art on Saturday, Oct. 8. The event was free and is meant to raise awareness for Artpace’s educational programs. Although the event invited anyone to be an artist for the day, Artpace had a total of two featured artists, 20 emerging artists and 55 registered community organizations and school teams participate.

Although there were no organizations from St. Mary’s that officially registered for Chalk it Up, the St. Mary’s community was involved. Certain St. Mary’s faculty such as Jenni Kraft-Batchelder, assistant director of Student Activities and Transition Programs participated in the event. 11 St. Mary’s students were all present at Chalk it Up and a select number of them were also present and involved with events such as the Guerilla Haiku Movement. The Guerrilla Haiku Movement is a public art experience that invites people to engage in public spaces and uses haiku poetry as the tool for connection. Geremy Landin, junior exercise and sport science major, helped lead the St. Mary’s volunteers and hung up the haiku artwork around Houston street. Caley Vickerman, founder of the Guerilla

Haiku Movement, reached out to Landin, who then helped gather a pull of St. Mary’s students to participate this year. “My favorite part of the program was the integration of bringing art to the public eye and showing that art is growing,” Landin said. Artpace provided all the chalk to participating members. They also partnered with Whataburger to give out free refillable water bottles, which helped create sustainability and help prevent any excess littering. Hosting this event is all about bringing community together and is something that Artpace is really proud of. “This event is really special,” Krystal Paul, membership and engagement associate at Artpace, said. “It’s really important to highlight the arts, especially in the downtown core. I appreciate how this festival celebrates


art making.” The Guerilla Haiku Movement has been participating in Artpace’s Chalk it Up event for four years. Vickerman mentions that she loves what Artpace stands for and how much she appreciated the help of the St. Mary’s students. “St. Mary’s students knew how to connect with others, and had amazing moments of connection everywhere they went,” Vickerman said. “St. Mary’s students were also talented photographers, and took photos [at the event].” The Haiku Guerilla Movement was just one of the many different art programs and styles at the Artpace’s Chalk it Up. The collaboration of artists and community members made the 13th annual Chalk it Up event fun and engaging for San Antonio.

Easy last minute costume ideas


Black Swan




Rosie the Riveter

Graphic by Miriam Robles




Professor Charles Cotrell was featured in a documentary honoring the late Willie Valasquez. | Source from

Documentary honors inspiring Alumnus CARMEN RUBY MORALES STAFF WRITER

“Willie Velásquez: Your Vote is Your Voice,” a PBS documentary, was screened in the University Center at St. Mary’s on Tuesday Oct. 4. The film premiered at St. Mary’s a day after it premiered on PBS. Charles L. Cotrell, professor of political science, gave the welcoming and introduction speech before the documentary was screened. The documentary revolves around William C. Velásquez Jr., also known as “Willie,” who is a San Antonio social activist and St. Mary’s alumnus. It focuses on the empowerment and the influence he had on the community before his death at the age of 44 almost 10 years ago. Velásquez was a charismatic, motivated and visionary individual who never gave up and made many sacrifices in his life, including his own health. He was always in a hurry to accomplish what he set out to and heavily focused on his work. Velásquez began organizing campaign

events when he was an undergraduate student at St. Mary’s to promote the importance for the Latinx community to vote, especially when the Poll Tax was abolished in January of 1964, which disproportionately discouraged Latinx and other minority groups to vote and let their voices be heard. He was in the St. Mary’s graduating class of 1966, obtaining his B.A. in economics. His political interest began at a young age when he would listen to the adults talking about politics. His go-getting attitude also began early, as he worked multiple jobs to pay for his education. Issues presented in the documentary are issues seen on a daily basis, even in the current presidential election, yet not talked about often, shared or even taught. The film offered an intimate look into the life of Velásquez, describing his upbringing, his relationship to his wife and family and his professional relationship with former Congressman, Joaquin Castro. The film also gave a broader view of the vibrant, powerful and active Southwestern

Latinx community, something that is not necessarily covered in public schools. For the Latinx community, especially the San Antonio Latinx community, “Willie Velasquez: Your Vote is Your Voice” is a celebration of what the community can do when it mobilizes together and what the community can produce in terms of leaders and visionaries like Velásquez. The film is a reminder that Latinx have always been at the forefront of history, but that it rarely gets told that way. Velásquez left a strong impact while he fought for the Latinx vote in San Antonio and as a political activist. Hector Galan, the film’s director, was in attendance at the event at St Mary’s as was producer Evy Ledesma-Galan. Community activist Rosie Castro, who worked closely with Velásquez, was also in attendance. “To tell the story is an amazing thing but ... I realize there is still a lot of work to do and [we need to] keep moving forward,” Galan said.

Elizabeth Lewis, junior criminology major and Rodey Ferdi pose in their costumes during Zombie Walk 2015. | Photo by Paige Gandara-Valderas


Lewis said. “It has become a tradition for my boyfriend and I [to attend each year].” Some of the Zombie Walk’s festivities include food trucks, laser tag, artists, live music and craft vendors. laser tag, artists, live music and craft vendors. A costume contest along was a new and welcomed addition. “We want to give people an opportunity to and show the citizens of San Antonio the

beauty that the city has to offer,” Devine said. The festivities at the Tower of the Americas are separate from the walk. The actual walk has generally started around 7 p.m. each year and is determined by whenever the zombie horde is ready to raid the streets of downtown. The walk starts at the tower and tradition has lead the zombies to the Alamo. The Tower of the Americas has limited parking spaces available for $11.Ticket purchases for the event can be made at Whether someone decides to dress up in the goriest zombie costume, the cutest outfit, as a zombie hunter or just go to enjoy the event, there is a place for all at the Zombie Walk. Families are invited to attend the event; children under 12 years of age have free admission. “[The Zombie Walk] is just a fun event that welcomes anyone to participate,” Devine said. “Anyone can be a zombie.”

Miss Peregrine’s home for Pecuilar Children 4 OUT OF 5 RATTLERS


With “peculiar” in the title, it is no surprise that the film adaptation of “Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children” is helmed by Tim Burton. The 2011 novel by the same name was a major hit, adapting it to film was a brilliant and predictable move. The film revolves around Jacob, an “ordinary” teenage boy, played by Asa Butterfield. He visits his deceased grandfather’s old children’s home in Wales, a place his grandfather had asked him to go to while on his death bed. When Jacob gets there he realizes that the children’s home is more than meets the eye. The children, along with their caretaker Miss Peregrine, who is played by Eva Green, are all peculiar superhumans. The film is like delving into Burton’s bag of tricks: every action sequence, or particularly creepy stop-motion scene, echoes the best of Burton’s go-to gimmicks. This isn’t necessarily bad, as the film’s largest draw is its air of offbeat weirdness; it’s nothing groundbreaking — but it works. The film is mostly carried by the script — something that can be mainly attributed to the fantastic source material. Screenwriter Jane Goldman, known for movies like “X-Men: Days of Future Past,” was keen at highlighting and maintaining the best elements of the novel. Some of the film-tonovel adaptation changes were welcomed and refreshing. The casting is yet another strong point of the film. Mostly filled with young newcomers, the cast list also manages to include Eva Green, wonderfullly portraying the quirky and charming titular character. Another impressive cast member is Samuel L. Jackson, who plays the main antagonist. Playing the creepy role so well, it is surprising that he was not featured more in the film. The music score, yet another trademark of the classic Burton film, really contributed to the story-telling and the atmosphere — the two strongest elements of the film. One of the greatest pitfall of the film is how it treats the peculiar characters. For the most part, their roles are ironically not given much back stories or dialogue. Overall, “Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children” is a well-told story with an interesting plot and a great cast behind it. One of its failings is that it doesn’t bring anything new to the table and reduces its greatest asset — the peculiar children — into nothing more than a gimmicky tagline.



Medical coverage suffers from lack of department funding DEMARIUS HOLMES SPORTS EDITOR

While all athletic events have many different precautions that need to be taken to ensure the safety of the individuals involved. For most large and prosperous sports programs at larger universities, medical attention is almost immediate. There is always at least one athletic trainer on standby ready to assist with an injury, or medical emergency, at each event which is ideal for every athletic event. The health and well–being of any athlete should be the number one priority for anyone that hosts a sporting event. That is not easy for smaller division II schools, as funds are limited and everything has to be prioritized. Not every sport may get the coverage it needs when it should. While the lack of funding only reflects a part of a larger problem, the underlying issues with medical coverage can get very complex. Nathan Byerley, head athletic trainer, weighs in on the issue and explains that coverage at every event is limited due to a lack of staff. The logistics of covering every sport with a smaller than needed staff leads to some events not having coverage. Deciding which sports to cover comes down to several factors. “For our university we should have about six people helping cover, right now we are at about four, so there is definitely a lag in sport coverage, so we have to prioritize,” Byerley said. “In season sports usually take precedence over off season sports, game coverage over practice. Also you look at tournament play, regional play, so on and so forth. You basically have to go through and rank which ones have to have coverage, should have coverage, then you also have the intensity of the sport.”


surfaces. According to InfoBites, the worst kind of candies to consume on the night of Halloween are the candies that are chewy, sticky, sour or sugary. Chewy and sticky

While no one wants to run an understaffed athletic program, the decision is financial. This financial issue is something larger schools do not face, as their athletic programs, especially football, are often major generators of income for the university, both in ticket sales and in merchandise. “There is definitely a need for more people, it all boils down to one big thing, and that’s money … schools like UT, Baylor, bigger schools, they basically have trainers covering every sport,” Byerley said. This lack of staffing, however, is problematic in that it exposes the university and its athletes to longer wait times after an injury. Since many injuries are time sensitive and coaching staff are not fully trained in the medical field, it may take a while for someone to be able to help an injured athlete get the attention they desperatly need. “What happens if we aren’t covering a practice and someone goes down into cardiac arrest, you have coaches that are certified to do CPR, ADD whatever, but they don’t have that medical background, so what position does that put your university in?” Byerley said. The question he poses is one that all small division II universities consider when deciding on medical staffing, but ultimately solving it requires more capital than St. Mary’s is able to devote to athletics. For example, this semester has four sports going on, each with both a men’s and women’ team. There is no possible way for the four trainers to cover all bases all the time with the full schedule that each team has. Naturally, some days are going to be harder to cover, while other games will be a breeze to cover due to a low volume of events. Of course, if there was a way to regulate medical coverage regardless of funds

available to do so, that would be the most stress-free solution. It would take some serious budget changes, ones unlikely to be because of the size of St. Mary’s and its athletic program. One solution, that would most likely take years implement, is to contract athletic trainers instead of paying them hourly, as it allows the university to stay true to their budget, which consequently would increase. In the meantime the athletics departments have to share the limited resources available

candies are some of the worst to consume because it is a source of tooth decay, especially when the candies get stuck in between teeth. The candy then lingers in between the teeth for days, making the tooth more vulnerable to cavities and decay. The sour candies are bad because they are

highly acidic and can break down the enamel of a tooth very quickly. Saliva plays a big part in helping restore natural balances of acid in the mouth, but too much consumption of sour candies can be very dangerous. Though the nutritional values are there, many people will still go out and consume

to them and hope that nothing serious will come as a result.

..if we aren’t covering a practice and someone goes down into cardiac arrest,... what position does that put your university in?”

-Nathan Byerley Head athletic trainer

Lack of medical assistats on the field for small universities suffer. | Graphic made by: Julia Ewalefo

large amounts of candy. Whether it is a big chocolate bar, a bag of skittles or some sour patch kids, staying away from too much candy will help in the long run. Though candy is not always the safest route to go, it is also important to satisfy the sweet tooth every now and then, but in moderation.

Many Halloween candies have a sugar content and some can equal to a sugary beverage such as soda, the source of this information was gathered from | Graphic by Paige Gandara-Valderas



Games to entice friends with this Halloween JASMIN RIVERA MANAGING EDITOR

With Halloween quickly approaching, playing some fun Halloween-themed games is a good way to help celebrate the holiday. Halloween is a time for pumpkin shaped cookies, spider decorated cupcakes and caramel apples. Every large grocery store has an aisle dedicated to Halloween. It is a time to dress up, eat candy, go to parties and have a good time. Houses are decorated with cotton webs and monsters waiting for someone to walk up so that it can begin to speak. Halloween is a time for fun activities, and games are no exception. Bowling is a fun game for students to enjoy, but that too can be altered to fit the Halloween celebration. Frankenstein bowling is a bowling game with a small twist In this game students use tin cans and decorate them into creatures that tie into Halloween. These cans can be decorated as Frankenstein, pumpkins, bats or ghosts. Then the cans are stacked and a ball is thrown at them to see who can knock down the most cans. Cornhole can also be altered to fit the festivities. Cornhole boards can be decorated in any way that students like. An idea for this

game is to decorate the cornhole board like a spider web. Instead of using plain beanbags, students can decorate them with eight legs and eyes, making a spider. A few simple items are needed, but the outcome can be really nice. Ring toss is a fun game that everyone can participate in. The only difference from the traditional ring toss is that this one glows in the dark. Students can play this with glow in the dark brackets and glow in the dark paint thus adding nighttime fun, to an already fun night. There have been a few changes to Twister, with some students adding paint to make the experience more creative, but, for Halloween the dots on the mat can be changed to pumpkins. Students can color coordinate pumpkins onto the mat and create a new wheel showing those colors. A pumpkin-themed Twister would fit perfectly in any celebration for Halloween. For students who are feeling adventurous, there is a game that can fulfill those desires for adventure. Students can buy a skeleton and break it down into 206 parts and hide them for a scavenger hunt. This game can be played on campus, making students go out and look for the bones in order to come back together

to assemble the skeleton at the end of the night. Halloween does not need to be only about eating candy and dressing in costumes, it can also be about the activities that bring students together; those that allow creativity and for students to have fun.

St. Mary’s Athletics has announced its 26th hall of fame class on Oct. 15. The five St. Mary’s alumni from this class who were inducted are record setters and are considered among the best out of some of the most iconic teams at St. Mary’s over the years. The 26th class inductees were, in no particular order: Oracio J. “O.J.” Garza, B.A. 2002; Roni “Garcia” Holmes, B.A. 2005; Kathren McCarty, B.A. 1997; Fernando N. Tadefa’s, B.A. 2005; and Billy Dell White Jr., B.A. 2005. The sports programs that hosted these players are, respectively, baseball, softball, volleyball and basketball. Each one of these individuals was awarded various titles throughout their sports careers at St. Mary’s. To name a few, Garza was given allAmerican honors in 2001 when he helped lead his team to the Division II national championships. Holmes was given the same honor the following year when she also helped her squad win the division II national championship. McCarty was named an NAIA allAmerican in 1995, during the volleyball program’s “golden age.” Tadefa was named not once but twice an all-heartland conference selection. He even went on to play for the Atlanta Braves organization in the minor leagues. Last but not least, White is considered to be an exclusive member of the Rattlers 1200/600/200/200 club, totaling 1.261 points, 679 rebounds, 276 assists and 218 steals during his career at St. Mary’s. He also is second for the record of career 3’s in the school’s history. His titles consist of heartland conference freshman of the year ‘02, and an all-heartland conference selection as well. “It’s definitely an honor and a privilege, the ceremony was great, and just knowing

the long line of athletes that have played here at St. Mary’s, and to just be a part of that with the other inductees, its just a great honor,” White said. Tadefa is also very honored to be receiving this recognition. “It feels fantastic, this is something that we never expected, we are ordinary people, that have a day to feel extraordinary. I think this is the finest team I ever made in my life,” Tadefa said. Garza is also very honored to be receiving




St. Edward’s



Dallas Baptist






Lubbock Christian






Rogers State



Oklahoma Christian



Texas A&M International




Graphic by Samantha Ramos

Induction highlights universities rich history DEMARIUS HOLMES SPORTS EDITOR

SPORTS STANDINGS as of Oct. 3, 2016

such an honor saying, “you don’t play any sports for an award or anything, and if you do you are playing for the wrong reasons.” McCarty believes that this experience has been amazing and has truly been reflective of all her hard work that she has put in. “It’s an amazing experience and an honor, many years of hard [work] of myself and my loved ones, family have come to fruition,” McCarty said. “It’s nice to honor my family, and previous coaches and all my teammates, and St. Mary’s.”

SCHOOL - South


St. Edward’s




Dallas Baptist




Texas A&M International








SCHOOL - North




Midwestern State


Rogers State


Oklahoma Christian




West Texas A&M


Lubbock Christian


1-2-1 2-5-1

Texas-Permian Basin


1-2-1 1-5-1

Eastern New Mexico


3-0-1 5-2-1 3-1


1-2-1 4-2-2 0-4








UA Fort Smith




St. Edward’s









Lubbock Christian



Dallas Baptist



Oklahoma Panhandle State



Texas A&M International




Rd 1 Rd 2 Rd 3 Tot 74

73 215

T13 Emilio Gonzales (3)

Benjamin Arnett (1) 68 77


74 222

T40 Jono Ledger (4)



78 229

T48 Jake Stevenson (2)



77 231



78 237

T78 Alex Bissaro (5) 4


291 303 300 895

WOMEN’S GOLF at West Texas A&M Invitational, Amarillo, Texas, Oct.3-4, 2016 Pos PLAYER (Seed) T2 Kelly Contreras (2)


72 151

T2 Paige Weiss (4)


71 151


Regina Gonzalez (1)


78 152

T18 Allison Howarth (3)


75 157

67 Ana Bonilla (5)


91 175


Photos by Demarius Holmes

Rd 1 Rd 2 Tot


315 299 611

For more information visit


After facing off against their fellow St. Mary’s teammates, three members of St. Mary’s women’s tennis team qualified for Nationals. The players are Tyra Timm, junior psychology major; Hannah Petersen, sophomore management and marketing major; and Ally Maciel, sophomore history major. For all three of them, it’s their first time competing in the ITA Oracle Cup (formerly ITA National Small College Championships), which took place Oct. 13 to Oct. 16. Maciel, who has about 10 years of experience playing tennis, is excited to play at her first national competition. “My dad played college tennis so he introduced me to it,” Maciel said. “Ever since I played my first tournament, I’ve been hooked.” The road to nationals hasn’t been easy. To get there, two of the players had to



My first thought was that I had already won and I just wanted to go watch and support her because that was my teammate. I wanted, again, to see a St. Mary’s [student] win.” -Hannah Peterson ITA Regional Champion 16’

face off with their own teammates at the Intercollegiate Tennis Association South Central Regional Championships doubles draw. Petersen and Timm faced off with fellow Rattlers, Kaylin Kruseman, freshman marketing major; and Camille ClaussePujo, graduate student in the international relations program. After winning at regionals in doubles, Petersen went to support Maciel by watching her match in the singles finals. “We’re focused on more than just our win,” Petersen said. “Right after we won doubles, Ally was in the finals. My first thought was that I had already won and I just wanted to go watch and support her because that was my teammate. I wanted, again, to see a St. Mary’s [student] win.” Maciel won the singles draw at the ITA South Central Regional Championships. This is the third consecutive year that a Rattler has won at the ITA regional championships. Although only three St. Mary’s tennis players made it to nationals, they were quick to give praise to the rest of the team. “I don’t view it as just an individual win, I view it as a win for our whole team,” Petersen said. “We had to play our own teammates in the finals which was bittersweet there. We owe this win to them [the team], just as much as ourselves.” Timm agrees with her teammate. Timm stated that the key to their success is based on the atmosphere in the locker room and the supportive attitude she and the team share between each other. Timm’s coach, Lisa Dausin, is extremely proud of her phenomenal players. “There were unbelievable odds against them,” said Dausin. “I’m so proud of their fight and their poise under pressure.”

Left to right : Ally Maciel, Hannah Peterson, Tyra Timm. Players will proceed to nationals. | Photos Paige Gandara- Valderas | Graphic by Julia Ewalefo

Vol. 104, No. 10 - 10/19/2016  
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