T H W B H E
E Y I L L E A R D
THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 2018
It’s Women’s History Month. ‘The Post’ compiled a collection of stories to celebrate women in Athens and Ohio University. Businesses in action P10
Fridging in comic book culture P18
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF ELIZABETH BACKO MANAGING EDITOR Kaitlin Coward DIGITAL MANAGING EDITOR Hayley Harding SENIOR EDITOR Marisa Fernandez
NEWS EDITORS Maddie Capron, Bailey Gallion SPORTS EDITOR Andrew Gillis CULTURE EDITORS Georgia Davis, Mae Yen Yap OPINION EDITOR Chuck Greenlee COPY CHIEF Alex McCann
ART DIRECTORS Abby Gordon, Sarah Olivieri PHOTO EDITORS Carl Fonticella, Meagan Hall, McKinley Law, Blake Nissen, Hannah Schroeder SPECIAL PROJECTS DESIGNER Abby Day
DIGITAL PRODUCTION EDITOR Taylor Johnston SOCIAL MEDIA DIRECTOR Kate Ansel BLOGS EDITOR Alex Darus MULTIMEDIA EDITOR Andy Hamilton INTERIM BUSINESS MANAGER Lily Perdomo Demorejon
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FROM THE EDITOR’S DESK
Why ‘The Post’ created this special issue
ith Women’s History Month in full swing and International Women’s Day being celebrated this Thursday, Post staff members decided now would be a great time dedicate an entire edition to women in Athens. All year long, Post staffers have been following different storylines related to women. Staff members reported on the Women’s History Month keynote speaker Sara Safari, The Vagina Monologues, international women’s fashion, the Time’s Up movement, natural health practices women are using, and the pay gap between men and women at Ohio University. When Matt Lauer, a widely known OU ELIZABETH BACKO / alumnus who worked for NBC’s Today, was fired after an allegation of sexual misconEDITOR-IN-CHIEF duct, The Post’s executive staff wrote an editorial about the importance of continuing the conversation about the mistreatment of women. For more than a century, The Post has been writing about the lives of women. In 1941, The Post had its first female editor-in-chief, Mary Elizabeth Lasher Barnette. After graduating in 1942, Lasher became the first female reporter at Editor & Publisher and the first woman to be part of the retail advertising division at the American Newspaper Publishers Association. With this issue, we wanted to give all different types of women the chance to tell their stories. That includes female entrepreneurs, women in administration, international women and women in sports. Our opinion section is also women-centric with a column about pornography on Tumblr and another about a rising female musician. The pages containing news briefs, blotter and classifieds have been moved to the back of the print edition next to Weekender because those two spreads are not specifically about women. This year, The Post is led by an executive staff of all women, and we want to make sure the conversation about women continues to be heard. We have conversations frequently in the newsroom about what it means to be a woman in the workforce and how we can all strive to be progressive. Similar conversations are taking place outside of our newsroom as well. A few weeks ago, Backdrop produced a women’s issue, too. It is a great time to be having this conversation.
Elizabeth Backo is a senior studying journalism and the editor-in-chief of The Post. What do you think of The Post’s women’s isssue? Tell her at email@example.com or send her a tweet @liz_backo.
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Cover photos by Carl Fonticella, Oliver Hamlin, Blake Nissen and Hannah Ruhoff,
IUD USAGE SKYROCKETS AFTER ELECTION MADELEINE PECK | FOR THE POST
President Donald Trump ran on a platform condemning the Affordable Care Act. Since his presidency, Trump has worked to reform the country’s health care system. With health care comes birth control. With the fear of that health care going away, comes intrauterine devices, or IUDs. An IUD is a form of birth control that is inserted into the uterus and can prevent pregnancy for up to 12 years. After just one week into the Trump presidency, Planned Parenthood saw a 900 percent increase of patients seeking IUDs.
2016 – 2017
2015 – 2016
6,000 October *Data provided by athenaResearch
January GRAPH BY RILEE LOCKHART THEPOSTATHENS.COM / 3
The vast world of Tumblr porn Editor’s note: The following column contains sexually explicit content. In the U.S., teenage girls and women are shamed for enjoyMEGHAN ing sex. Parents don’t MORRIS want them to discover is a their sexuality for fear sophomore that their little girl will studying get a bad reputation or journalism with a focus a sexually transmitted in news and disease. When parents information or guardians finally acat Ohio knowledge the special University. talk about birds and the bees is necessary, they teach girls that sex should be pleasant and done with someone they love. But sometimes it’s just good for people to quench their sexual urges alone. Masturbation has been conveniently left out of conversations between parents and children, and it’s not discussed in health classes either. Teens have to answer sex-related questions on their own by experimenting with techniques heard from friends or seen on the internet. Girls tend to start masturbating after their pubescent years — a late start compared to boys — because they’re embarrassed and don’t
want to be called a nymphomaniac. Whenever a person first experiences the wonders of masturbation and orgasm, online pornography can either help or hinder their experiences. Guys mostly gravitate toward porn sites, such as the infamous PornHub; however, girls are taking a different approach. Tumblr, a popular social media platform, gives young women a safe and easy way to discover their sexuality and erotic desires. Thirty-three percent of Marie Claire’s 3,000 respondents said they relied on Tumblr accounts and image searches for sexual content. Out of Tumblr’s 200,000 most-visited blogs, about 22,775 blogs focus on adult content, according to TechCrunch. The website has extremely liberal standards dealing with sexually explicit content compared to other social media platforms. For example, you may be banned on Instagram for showing a woman’s nipple but can have GIFs of vaginal penetration on Tumblr. Content curators must mark their blogs as NSFW, short for not suitable/safe for work, so people who stumble across them know what they’re getting into. The website’s sexual content seems especially geared toward women because many pictures and GIFs have an artsy vibe.
Black and white images give off a seductive feel that’s less in-your-face about the explicit acts they’re depicting. The short GIFs leave out any fake moans performed by porn stars, which makes the experience more authentic. There’s also of a balance between content that’s demeaning and what’s noticeably enjoyed by both partners. Tumblr’s X-rated blogs usually follow certain themes, ranging from cunnilingus to bondage, dominance, sadism and masochism, or BDSM. About 1/3 of women watch hardcore porn, while another 1/3 enjoy softcore or “artsy” porn, according to Marie Claire. Tumblr has something for everyone. A viewer can look for something more traditional, like a guy going down on a girl, or something really extreme, like the marks a paddle with a cheese grater attached can make on a butt. Fifty-six percent of women said they were conflicted about watching porn because of the harsh treatment of women in the industry and the perpetuation of negative stereotypes, according to Marie Claire. However, with Tumblr’s X-rated blogs, more representation of identities can be found without those groups becoming fetishized. Racial minorities aren’t played up to stereotypes about being submissive or hot-blooded as much on Tumblr. People of
different sizes also find others who look like them and are just as sexy in the same sexual situations as skinny girls. Although a vast majority of users who run X-rated blogs curate but don’t create the material, there’s a small number of people who post content of themselves and their partners. Viewers often send them praise for their confidence in showing their bodies publicly. Many sexually explicit blogs even receive nude pictures from fans. The blogger will post them, if given consent from the fan, and add their thoughts on the photo. Young women looking at those X-rated blogs could see them as encouragement to be more confident about their own bodies. Thirty-six percent of women said looking at sexual images helps them feel in control of their sexuality, according to Marie Claire. More women need to feel comfortable expressing their interest in porn because much more people watch it than thought. The sexual content can be used as a self-esteem booster and guide to future sexual encounters. Please note that the views and opinions of the columnists do not reflect those of The Post. What do you think of Tumblr porn? Let Meghan know by tweeting her @marvelllousmeg.
WORDS I MIGHT HAVE ATE
Courtney Barnett’s emotional storytelling quality Courtney Barnett’s music isn’t difficult, but she does not write a song for it to be complex — she writes it to be good. But that’s what SHELBY makes her music so CAMPBELL memorable, especially is a freshman her first full-length restudying lease, Sometimes I Sit journalism and Think, and Someand political times I Just Sit. Courtscience at Ohio ney Barnett doesn’t University. just write songs — she writes stories. The stories she tells aren’t complex. They’re everyday experiences that she translates into emotional pieces of music. “Elevator Operator,” from Sometimes I Just Sit, features a man named Oliver Paul who decides not to go to work one day and meets a woman on an elevator who assumes 4 / MARCH 8, 2018
he’s suicidal. He’s not, he tells her — he’s just coming up to the roof to unwind. Stories like those are littered throughout Barnett’s first album. She writes loosely structured stories that sound like personal anecdotes about life and how to live it. The album sounds like listening in on someone else’s conversations. It’s an eavesdrop into Barnett’s life and her beliefs. In “Depreston,” Barnett finds herself house shopping in Preston because she does not need to live around coffee shops anymore. The underwhelming house she finds herself in was previously owned by an elderly woman who died, and her life is evident in what she left behind. Courtney will not be living in that home. The song itself is sad, but with a sense of humor. “Depreston” is exactly what it sounds like: Preston is depressing. The song’s lyrics aren’t overwhelmingly sad, though. It’s a subdued sadness, still sweet
and quirky, but with melancholy guitars that help the song’s lyrics. Whether any story on the album is true or not is irrelevant. What is important, however, is that Barnett can transform a very average, everyday event into a truly sad or interesting story. She’s half songwriter, half storyteller. Her vocals suit the way her songs are structured. Barnett’s singing is unconventional — it’s not quite singing, but it’s not talking either. She mumbles her way through her short stories, her Australian accent proudly on display. Other Australian bands, like King Gizzard & the Lizard Wizard or Tame Impala, don’t use their accents to their advantage. But Courtney Barnett doesn’t suppress her accent. Instead, she flaunts it, giving her music a uniquely Australian tone. Her accent and storytelling makes her music sound as though she’s telling a story
from her day. Her music is purely Courtney Barnett, but it’s not intimate. Her stories aren’t deeply personal, but she doesn’t hide from the listener. Instead, she injects herself into her music, which gives it the personal edge so unique to Courtney Barnett. Please note that the views and opinions of the columnists do not reflect those of The Post. Have you listened to Courtney Barnett? Let Shelby know by tweeting her @bloodbuzzohioan. Corrections: An article from the Feb. 8 issue with the headline “Athletic training to be offered only as master’s program” misquoted Elizabeth Sayrs. An article from the March 1 issue with the headline “How craft beer hopped into Athens’ palate” misstated when Eclipse Company Store opened. It opened in 2017.
Forward-thinking feminism MEGHAN MORRIS FOR THE POST
Protesters cheer in reaction to a speaker during the F--kRapeCulture rally on Oct. 9, 2015. (PATRICK CONNOLLY / FILE)
Hickey said she is “pro-abortion,” an alternative to pro-choice, because it’s a stronger stance. Feminists who believe pro-abortion is a better approach don’t want people to be ashamed about choosing to abort a pregnancy. The main women’s issue Hickey advocates against is sexual violence in light of the #MeToo and Time’s Up movements. Advocacy in past decades has strengthened the desire for affirmative consent. More recently, the anonymous account against actor Aziz Ansari for an uncomfortable sexual encounter has urged forth a change in how people view those situations. Efforts have been restricted to social media and using hashtags to share experiences, but Hickey wants stronger actions against sexual assault and abuse. Hickey disagrees with feminism that uses individual choices and lifestyle changes as a kind of political action because those methods often aren’t enough to create real change.
We need to be addressing and incorporating those groups in society who are the most oppressed due to the intersections of their identities. If our feminism isn’t intersectional, then it’s not actually going to liberate everyone. - Jaida Sterling, a junior studying journalism
he feminist movement helps women and their allies make strides toward equality. “Feminism is the understanding that women are people,” Tess Hickey, a junior studying geography, said. “There are so many ways that women are disproportionately underprivileged and unequal to men.” Hickey is referring to the patriarchal society, which is a male-dominated power structure prevalent on a societal level and within interpersonal relationships. The patriarchal society has sexism embedded in the political, social and economic spheres, according to Merriam-Webster. Feminist movements want to achieve certain goals that will give everyone fair treatment regardless of identities like gender, race or class. Jaida Sterling, a junior studying journalism, said feminist movements have helped specific groups of people, such as women, people of color and LGBT individuals, achieve equal rights and earn their current place in society. Feminists need to work on including other groups of people because it would make solving issues easier, Sterling said. “We’ve gotten far, but we’ve still got a ways to go,” she said. Using an intersectional perspective allows people to see the intersections between different parts of a person’s identity such as race and gender, Hickey said. “We need to be addressing and incorporating those groups in society who are the most oppressed due to the intersections of their identities,” she said. “If our feminism isn’t intersectional, then it’s not actually going to liberate everyone.” Patty Stokes, an assistant professor in women, gender and sexuality studies, said the movement has made progress when it comes to reproductive rights because women have more options to control their fertility now. Feminist movements have gained enough attention to make strides in demanding abortion rights, better access to contraception and more information on maternal health. The ability to choose to have an abortion is often the main topic discussed because the public believes it’s the most important reproductive rights problem, according to the Center for Reproductive Rights.
Sex-positive feminism focuses on destigmatizing the female body and can free women on an individual level without helping much else, she said. The “Free The Nipple” campaign is part of that sector, but it gained more attention through mainstream media and changed people’s opinions on female sexual liberation. “That can feel very liberating, but I think it’s important to realize that that type of feminism … isn’t going to rid us of the extremely toxic, sexist culture that we live in,” Hickey said. Stokes said most of the social issues concerning race, sex, gender and money can tie into feminism. “I think it’s important to look at where struggle is really growing the most and where we can, as activists and as feminist activists, make those connections (between social issues),” she said.
@MARVELLLOUSMEG MM512815@OHIO.EDU THEPOSTATHENS.COM / 5
Women in university administration From Cutler Hall to the dean of students’ office, female administrators fight to be taken seriously LAUREN FISHER ASST. NEWS EDITOR
6 / MARCH 8, 2018
Dean of Students Jenny Hall-Jones poses for a portrait in her office on April 6, 2016. (OLIVER HAMLIN / FILE)
meanwhile, was “like our mom.” “It is interesting, from a research perspective,” Hall-Jones said. “It’s not my job to ‘mom’ anybody.” For interim Executive Vice President and Provost Elizabeth Sayrs, a history of research and work in feminist theory and gender studies would present themes that came into play in her career. “I’ve had the same experiences many women in academia have had,” Sayrs said in an email. “For example, people sometimes assume I am the administrative assistant instead of a professor or a dean, or I will have a series of meetings where I am the only woman in the room.” Only about a quarter of college presidents in the U.S. are women, according to a 2011 report by the American Council on Education. In its 214-year history, OU has never had a woman serve as president. And despite accounting for more than half the total workforce, many women employed at OU make less than their male counterparts. The average salary of a male tenure-track professor is about $94,000. The average female tenure-track professor makes about $7,400 less, ac-
Finding an effective and authentic way to lead takes practice and a lot of feedback, so having a close group of colleagues you can trust and share ideas and questions with is really helpful. - Elizabeth Sayrs, interim executive vice president and provost
hio University’s female leaders know firsthand that occupying high-up positions in a male-dominated field doesn’t necessarily mean equal treatment. In a 2013 column for The Student Affairs Feature, OU Dean of Students Jenny Hall-Jones said she had never had sexist attitudes directed at her until she became a dean of students. Although she “knew it existed,” sexist discrimination was always on the outside — beyond the walls of her home and office. Hall-Jones remembers giving a presentation to a group of incoming students during orientation. It was, as she wrote in 2013, “a disaster.” Students tweeted about her clothing during the presentation, making fun of her red shoes and her Wizard of Oz outfit. “Does anyone else want to bang her?” one incoming student wrote a few days later. Another inappropriate comment soon followed. When Hall-Jones tweeted back to challenge it, she was greeted with a swift and crude reply. “F--- you,” the student tweeted. Those types of comments and experiences, Hall-Jones said, simply didn’t happen to the former dean of students, who was a man. Five years later, the disastrous presentation is in the past, but Hall-Jones said the day-to-day microaggressions persist. While women tend to come to her office to talk about leadership and mentoring opportunities, Hall-Jones said men are more likely to come in looking for a maternal figure. It’s an observation that Hall-Jones shared with former Dean of Students Ryan Lombardi, who one student said was like “the cool uncle” to students. Hall-Jones,
cording to a previous Post report. Vice President for Finance and Administration Deborah Shaffer — once a first-generation student with a passion for numbers — is the first woman to hold her current office at OU. It was a similar story in her previous position at Carnegie Mellon University, where Shaffer was the school’s first female vice president for fi-
nance and chief financial officer. “I’ve been incredibly fortunate to be a part of executive teams, and to have served under presidents, where I felt respected and where gender was not a factor,” Shaffer said in an email. “However, it would be disingenuous for me to suggest I have not encountered gender bias.” Shaffer said she has found that gender bias and cultural expectations can present special challenges to women, especially when it comes to direct communication — a trait she said is “often admired in men.” Sayrs credits “strong mentorship” from her OU colleagues, who she said have helped her navigate difficult issues. “Be the best mentor you can be, especially to each other,” Sayrs said in an email. “Finding an effective and authentic way to lead takes practice and a lot of feedback, so having a close group of colleagues you can trust and share ideas and questions with is really helpful.”
A TEACHER AT HEART
Renee Middleton, dean of the Patton College of Education, poses for a portrait in her office. (BLAKE NISSEN / PHOTO EDITOR)
ASHTON NICHOLS STAFF WRITER
atton College of Education Dean Renee Middleton has always been a teacher at heart. Middleton is the only African-American dean at Ohio University and became the only female dean after Elizabeth Sayrs, who was the dean of University College and associate provost for undergraduate education, moved into the role of the interim executive vice president and provost. “I learned a long time ago to approach life this way: I have, all my life, been a woman, all my life, been a person of color or a member of an underrepresented group,” Middleton said. “I have learned how to move through the world and not allow other people’s problems to become my problem. I think the challenge when I came here was not for me, because I had figured out how to function in a world where people would seek to limit me because of characteristics that I have.” When Middleton began her college career,
however, she wanted to be an audiologist. Following her path in audiology, she decided it was time for her doctoral degree. She attended Auburn University to study rehabilitation administration. All of those disciplines were housed in colleges of education, which Middleton said is part of her upbringing in education. “I didn’t start out to be a dean of education,” Middleton said. “Obviously, that wasn’t in my thinking.” Middleton said she came “through the ranks” at Auburn and was promoted from an assistant to a full professor. She established her career as a counselor educator, then decided to take on an administrative role, becoming an associate dean for research and graduate studies at Auburn University. “I enjoyed supporting faculty in their initiatives and thinking from a larger perspective about the role of colleges of education through my administrative work,” Middleton said. “I decided that I wanted to become a dean of education, where I could have more influence on the direction to take a comprehensive college of education.”
In 2006, Middleton became the dean of the Patton College of Education. She said she still continues with her research and scholarship because she enjoys it. “I do think that for me to be an effective dean, it’s important for me to stay engaged in the role and work that faculty do,” Middleton said. “I do keep with my scholarship. I keep with my outreach or service. My teaching is done in different ways.” Ivy Crockron, executive assistant to the dean, described Middleton as driven, focused and always on the move. “Sometimes, it’s hard to keep up with her,” Crockron said. As an educator, Middleton said, it is a privilege to work with and support students and faculty. “To me, the biggest compliment you can pay me is that I’m an educator,” Middleton said. “I feel like, as an educator, it is a privilege to have the opportunity to work with individuals to support them, to extend their knowledge base, to be an inquisitor, to understand history and legacy.” Middleton said women should be thought
of the same as their male counterparts. “If I allow people to disrespect me, whether they do it unintentionally or intentionally … it’s not a disrespect for me — it’s a disrespect of my college, because I am the titular head of the college,” Middleton said. Kimberly Barlag, who has worked with Middleton for four years as the Patton College’s director of communications and design management, said Middleton has high expectations for her staff, which is what pushes the college to be great. “She cares very much about our region and hopes to elevate it with respects to quality educational opportunities for all,” Barlag said in an email. “And she is not afraid to take a stand and voice her opinions on sensitive topics. ... A good leader is one who helps you be the best version of yourself, and that’s Dean Renee A. Middleton.”
@ASHTONNICHOLS_ AN614816@OHIO.EDU THEPOSTATHENS.COM / 7
Becoming a proper woman CURFEWS, SOCIAL TIPS AND MORE: THE GUIDELINES OU WOMEN HAD TO FOLLOW IN THE 1960S KAITLIN COWARD MANAGING EDITOR
hen Ohio University students came to campus in the 1960s, they were presented with handbooks that outlined rules, expectations and information about campus services. The women’s handbook, titled “You, the Coed,” also featured a section with social tips, curfew hours and advice on how to be a lady. “The most important thing about being a college woman is being a lady,” page 13 of the 1964-65 version of “You, the Coed” reads. “The coed is ladylike in the classroom, at parties and on campus.” That handbook is 76 pages long, while the men’s one, called “You the College Man,” is 29 pages long. “A college man is many things, but above all else, he is a scholar,” the 1964-65 version of “You the College Man” reads. Female students also had to follow a strict set of rules, including a curfew, referred to as “hours.” Male students didn’t have “hours.” “You, the Coed” stated that women were not allowed to leave their housing units before 7 a.m. Hours were broken down by what year a female student was in college. The curfew for Sunday through Thursday was 10 p.m. for freshmen, 10:30 p.m. for sophomores and juniors, and 11 p.m. for seniors. On Friday and Saturday, the curfew for all female students was 12:30 a.m. Those students could get permission to stay out later during the week based on their previous semester’s GPAs. If women had a GPA of greater than 3.5, they would receive an unlimited number of “lates” — except for freshmen, who were limited to four. In the late 1960s, about 850 female students protested the curfew hours and participated in a walkout. They gathered outside Templeton-Blackburn Alumni Memorial Auditorium at 11:15 p.m. and clapped, stomped and cheered 8 / MARCH 8, 2018
until shortly after midnight. At the time, all women under 21 and juniors and seniors without parental permission had to follow the curfew, which was set at midnight on weekdays. “Women, it’s a minute after 12 and we’re liberated,” Alicia Woodson, a leader of the Women’s Hours Steering Committee, said in a previous Post report. The curfew was abolished in Fall Quarter 1971 as part of a new policy former OU President Claude Sowle approved, according to the April 1971 Ohio University Alumni Journal. In the two pages of notes on social tips, that section highlighted how women should not ignore men’s attempts to light their cigarettes. They also weren’t allowed to wear pin curls, rollers and scarves in lounges or on campus. Women were expected to wear dresses, skirts, blouses and sweaters on weekdays, and men were expected to wear long pants and collared shirts. Additionally, women were not supposed to put on makeup or comb their hair in public. “High standards or personal hygiene and an attractive appearance are expected of all women,” page 20 of “You, the Coed” reads. “You the College Man” described the dress standard for all students and stressed the importance of neatness, cleanliness and appropriateness. “Both in college and later in life, a man is often judged by his appearance,” page 14 of “You, the College Man” reads. Women were also instructed to not accept dates if they didn’t want them and to never cancel dates. The handbook presented women with suggestions on how to do introductions and how to write formal invitations, as well. It concluded with a detailed breakdown of all the sororities and residence halls.
B U I L D I N G t h e B O DY IT’S BECOMING MORE COMMON TO SEE WOMEN IN THE WEIGHT ROOM WORKING TO BETTER THEMSELVES
BAYLEE DEMUTH FOR THE POST
or centuries, women have been pressured by society to obtain the “ideal body.” The ideal body has been something most women struggle to obtain, fostering insecurities and self-loathing. Over time, body image has changed and women have become more confident in themselves through strength training. “You have to get uncomfortable before you can get comfortable,” Megan Fish, a junior studying exercise physiology, said. Fish is a member of CHAARG at Ohio University, which stands for Changing Healthy Attitudes and Actions to Recreate Girls. This is CHAARG’s third semester on OU’s campus, and Fish finds it exciting to see so many girls that want to better their lifestyle as part of the organization. “CHAARG just wants to create a comfortable environment for girls to workout in,” Fish said. “Our aim is to help girls find out what’s their best fit to live a healthier life.” Fish knew in high school that she loved exercising, but it wasn’t until she came to college where she began to try new things. She was able to find lifting and group fitness classes that helped her figure out where she belonged on the spectrum of health and fitness. “I’m always finding new ways to exercise,” she said. “I do what feels good for my body.” Lifting heavy weights is hard for some women to get into because out of their comfort zone and that can be difficult, Fish said. Miranda Vandagriff, a graduate student studying public health, believes there is a misconception of getting bulky that causes women to avoid the heavy weights. “Girls are really afraid of bulking up,” Vandagriff said. “If girls could get rid of the myths associated with bulking up, then I think it would be easier to get over the intimidation of lifting.” Vandagriff didn’t understand the physical benefits of fitness until her senior of high school, but when she came to college and discovered kickboxing classes, her fitness journey took off. “Personally, though, I did a lot of cardio-aer-
obic focused exercises, but I soon had to change the way I trained,” Vandagriff said. Vandagriff went into recovery for an eating disorder her junior year that forced her to cut back on all of the cardio she was doing, but the experience introduced her to weightlifting. “I found weightlifting to be very helpful and therapeutic for me,” she said. “That same year, I entered my first bodybuilding competition.” Vandagriff competes in the National Physique Committee in the bikini division. From all of her competitions and weight lifting in general, she sees great benefits in strength training. “Strength training not only helps with your body composition in terms of fat-muscle ratio, but it’s good in stabilizing your joints,” Vandagriff said. “You can also target train different muscle groups that can help you do other daily activities better.” Social media is great in the sense that it gives women or other fitness gurus an outlet to put out good material, Vandagriff said. It’s an awesome way to educate women and show them that it’s not intimidating to lift weights. Sarina Dirrig, a freshman studying journalism, thinks people get too caught up in other people’s opinions on what the ideal body should look like. “I think it’s important to just worry about myself and my goals,” Dirrig said. “I really enjoy lifting because it allows me to physically see myself get stronger.” The ideal woman’s body has definitely changed, but to a certain, more reasonable expectation, Vandagriff said. “I think there’s a lot more attention being brought to the way women see themselves, but there’s always room for improvement,” Vandagriff said. “Women need to ignore the mentality that people are looking at them, because once they do that, they’ll be in good shape.”
ILLUSTRATION BY SARAH OLIVIERI THEPOSTATHENS.COM / 9
Market for change Female entrepreneurs break barriers of all kinds through innovation and assurance ALEXIS EICHELBERGER | STAFF WRITER
10 / MARCH 8, 2018
LEFT: Kris Cornwell, owner of Cornwell Jewelers. 77 N. Court Street, poses for a portrait. Cornwell Jewelers has been in business since 1832, making them America’s second-oldest family-owned jewelry store. (CARL FONTICELLA / PHOTO EDITOR)
- Danielle Young, owner of Nature’s Magic
“(Athens has) an amazing local food sector, and the community and the public generally really get it, and they support anything that’s produced locally,” she said. “Not just for women, but I think in terms of supporting local business, Athens is an amazing place to be.” KRIS CORNWELL CORNWELL JEWELERS Cornwell Jewelers is deeply embedded in Athens history. Founded in 1832, it is the oldest family-owned business in Athens and the second-oldest family-owned jewelry store in the U.S. Six generations of Cornwells have owned and operated the store, and it has its first female owner. Kris Cornwell took over as store manager in 1994, just a few months after becoming a part of the staff. Around 2000, she purchased the store from her parents and became the first woman to own the business steeped in legacy. The job has proved to be a bit of a challenge at times. Cornwell has faced some difficult decisions, such as deciding to move the store to its current location at 77 N. Court St. from its original location at 10 S. Court St., which it occupied for more than 100 years. She also faced her share of people who doubted her or didn’t take her seriously because of her gender — the jewelry industry was run primarily by men, especially when she first took over as owner. Conferences of industry leaders and even day-to-day interactions sometimes resulted in quizzical looks or condescending comments directed her way. Thankfully, it has improved for her, nearly 25 years in the business. Despite the challenges of the job, Cornwell finds the most satisfaction in the connections she makes with customers. She strives each day to make people feel happy and at home in her store while they pick out gifts for loved ones or important mementos. “It’s that kind of thing that makes me love what I do,” she said. “It’s not necessarily about the jewelry, but it’s the people that come in for the jewelry. Jewelry is emotional,
JANE CAVAROZZI - DIRTY GIRL COFFEE Jane Cavarozzi, co-founder and owner of Dirty Girl Coffee, came to Athens County looking for a sanctuary where she could relax and unwind. What she found was inspiration and a desire for change. Dirty Girl Coffee is a social enterprise, Cavarozzi said. The business roasts and sells only organic, fair-trade coffees that are shade grown or women-produced. Its products are roasted in small batches in a just-in-time business model: There is no inventory, and everything is made to order. The business model makes for a bit of a hectic schedule, but it sets the brand apart in freshness and quality. “Coffee’s just a great way to communicate with people,” Cavarozzi said. “When people come to buy coffee, we often hear their stories of their lives and their challenges and their successes. It was a great vehicle for what we are trying to do.” As the name suggests, women are at the heart of it all. Cavarozzi works on additional initiatives to inspire and elevate women in Athens County through social and economic development. When she isn’t roasting, brewing, bottling and packaging orders, she’s attending meetings with local political officials, business owners and economic groups. “In places where poverty is rampant, women get hit the hardest, and that’s where we want to move the needle,” she said. “We want to give women the opportunity in our area … so that they can have a good livelihood and support themselves and their families and be the backbone of our area.” Luckily, Cavarozzi thinks she’s found a great place to thrive both as a business owner and an agent of social change.
“I felt sort of on an island for a while and felt kind of lonely. By putting myself out there … it’s really helpful, because we have this passion. We have this drive. But we also have questions and concerns and setbacks that we can kind of help each other with, just through storytelling.”
Cornwell Jewelers is founded, making it the oldest family-owned business in Athens.
whether it’s an engagement ring or a wedding band or a gift for somebody. … We’re a part of all that, and that’s really special.” DANIELLE YOUNG - NATURE’S MAGIC Danielle Young is a one-woman show. Almost 10 years ago, she started her own green cleaning business to have a flexible work schedule that worked well with her duties as mother to three young children. But commercial “green” cleaning products, she soon found out, were not so green after all. Her solution was to make her own products from all-natural, plant-based ingredients. She first used them in her work and then began selling them to friends and clients. Now Nature’s Magic cleaning products can be found on the shelves of Athens businesses such as Kroger, the Farmacy and Ohio University on-campus markets. They are also bought in bulk and used by other businesses, such as Donkey Coffee and Espresso, Avalanche Pizza and Jackie O’s Brewery and Taproom. Nature’s Magic has even grown beyond Athens to reach vendors in Columbus, Cincinnati and Toledo. Young does it all herself, from creating the formulas to producing the products to making deliveries; in its entirety, the business is run by her. It makes for busy days, but it’s worth it. “I thought if I could do this and do it well, I could help folks,” she said. Being the sole operator of a business has its challenges, but Young has found comfort in networking with other female entrepreneurs in Athens. To her, finding other women to talk with about shared struggles has become a crucial part of being a business owner. “I felt sort of on an island for a while and felt kind of lonely,” she said. “By putting myself out there … it’s really helpful, because we have this passion. We have this drive. But we also have questions and concerns and setbacks that we can kind of help each other with, just through storytelling.” @ADEICHELBERGER AE595714@OHIO.EDU
Shortly after joining the staff, Kris Cornwell takes over as store manager.
Kris Cornwell purchases the store from her parents and becomes the first woman to own the business.
Kris Cornwell makes the decision to move the store from 10 S. Court St. — where it had been for more than 100 years — to its current location at 77 N. Court St.
1832 1994 2000 2002
here is no typical day for a woman entrepreneur in Athens. Each day brings something new — new challenges, responsibilities, people to talk to and decisions to make. Owning a business means wearing many different hats, from salesperson to marketer to product producer. The businesswomen of Athens County are innovators and barrier breakers. Their work goes beyond buy-and-sell transactions to improve the lives of those around them through creativity, determination and kindness. Athens businesswomen work in a range of industries for a multitude of reasons, and each has her own extraordinary story to tell.
Timeline of Cornwell Jewelers
THEPOSTATHENS.COM / 11
FIGHTING PEACEFULLY Elizarni, an Indonesian student who has experienced war and natural disasters, has fought for harmony and plans to build a nonprofit learning center that teaches peace JESSICA HILL | FOR THE POST
Elizarni, a doctoral student from Indonesia, poses for a portrait in Baker Center. (HANNAH RUHOFF / STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER)
12 / MARCH 8, 2018
lizarni has survived a war, tsunami and migration to the U.S., a new world where she has encountered prejudice as a Muslim woman. Through her traumatic past, she has decided to fight hatred and violence the way her mother inspired her: with peace. From Aceh, Indonesia, Elizarni, a doctoral student studying educational leadership, has dedicated her life to bringing peace in war-torn countries and spreading public awareness about what Muslims are truly like. “In the future, I really want to focus on things that teach peace, being critical people in a society so that they can stand when they see injustices happening,” Elizarni said. “It’s a time to speak up.” When Elizarni was 13, her village, Batee Iliek, was a scene of the ongoing conflict between the government of Indonesia and the Free Acehnese Movement, a separatist group. She could hear children and women screaming in her village. She ran out the back of her house as it burned to the ground and ran between the two groups shooting at each other. Her mother had built the house with the money from her dowry. Looking at the coals where the house once stood, she was hopeful. She said that when God takes something away, he will give something better. Her mother influenced Elizarni and taught her that it is not good to preserve hatred. Since the battle that destroyed her home, instead of fighting in anger, Elizarni decided that she wanted to work on peace. “I don’t want to see war anymore,” Elizarni said. She went to college and joined orga-
Peace is very hard work, actually. It is not soft work. It has a soft meaning, but it’s hard. With peace, there is a justice first. When we can accept tolerance, respect each other, it’s not hard. - Elizarni, a doctoral student studying educational leadership
nizations for women and children affected by violent conflicts. Having seen the results of war firsthand, Elizarni joined women’s organizations in Indonesia, such as Beujroh, a women’s organization based in Aceh. Women and children did not start the conflict, but they were the ones most affected, Elizarni said. But from the war, women created solidarity and helped each other survive those conflicts, inciting peace. The women in her village are strong and are “actual feminists” who survive in the most difficult situations and continue to feel hopeful, Elizarni said. Elizarni and her village had not seen the last of tragedy, however. In December 2004, an earthquake with a 9.1 magnitude and tsunami hit Indonesia, particularly Elizarni’s region. It killed more than 230,000 people, including many of Elizarni’s relatives. At the time, she was in college and was running late to a dance class. She stepped outside her building, a few kilometers from the city Banda Aceh, and saw the road crack in front of her. She was afraid of falling into the chasm. People yelled a warning about water coming. She ran and climbed into the
GRAPHIC BY RILEE LOCKHART
back of a truck that drove her to a safe space. After the tsunami, Elizarni saw people lying on the ground. “It was the last day I saw my friends,” Elizarni said. After the tsunami, which she called Judgment Day, Elizarni became even more inspired to join peace organizations. She joined the Interfaith Cooperation Forum, promoting peace among
different ethnicities and religions. She traveled to different Southeast Asian countries organizing schools of peace in which 20 young people from different conflicts went through a threemonth program about the role of peace. “Peace is very hard work, actually,” Elizarni said. “It is not soft work. It has a soft meaning, but it’s hard. With peace, there is a justice first. When we can accept tolerance, respect each other, it’s not hard.” Elizarni has continued that peaceful work since arriving in the U.S. in 2009. At Ohio University, Elizarni works to show American students what being Muslim is actually like, and she also works to show her people in Indonesia what the U.S. is truly like. People tend to generalize, Elizarni said. Americans may think of Muslims as oppressed or violent, just as many Indonesians may look at President Donald Trump and generalize the U.S. as a whole. “There are good and bad things in every country,” Elizarni said. “When there is a bad story, I counter it with a good story.” For instance, someone had once screamed at her while she was walking down the street, she said. But last year, 70
students were arrested at Baker for protesting about protecting undocumented and international students. She was thrilled to see how students came together. “They are not Muslim, but I feel accepted,” Elizarni said. “They fight for me. They fight for us. It was only the problem for seven countries, but it is the problem for all of us. … They see us as their sisters and brothers.” Mohamed Amira, the president of the Muslim Student Association, met Elizarni at an education workshop. He listened to her story in a diversity presentation through the Indonesian Student Association and admired her strength to work toward peace. “I felt many times in all these occasions the pain and suffering she gone through,” Amira, a graduate student studying teacher education, said. “When you interact with people you think, ‘What would I do if I were in her place?’ I know I would feel anger and upsetments, maybe this desire to get revenge … but if I choose peace, it takes a lot of courage. It shows what a good person she is.” Elizarni considers herself lucky compared to other people in her village. They have a strong desire to learn, Elizarni said, but do not have the opportunity. She said the current education system focuses only on profit, and if people don’t have money, they cannot go to school. After she graduates, Elizarni plans to return to Indonesia and build a nonprofit learning center for the poor and marginalized. Candace Stewart, a coordinator at the Student Writing Center who has known Elizarni for three years, was not surprised to learn Elizarni’s plans to build a learning center. “She has always been an advocate for those outside the margins,” Stewart said in an email. For now, Elizarni wants to continue taking a stand against discrimination and hatred that she sees, whether it is against LGBT people or any other group. Any human deserves equality, she said. “I believe in humanity,” Elizarni said. “I put humanity, justice and peace in front of my work. When you can see love manifest in anything. By the logic of love, I believe peace is going to arise.”
@JESS_HILLYEAH JH240314@OHIO.EDU THEPOSTATHENS.COM / 13
Breaking into the business Women in the music business, especially musicians and A&R representatives, fight to break into a male-dominated industry
hen Jennifer Kash attempted to join a radio broadcasting station on campus, she felt like an outsider in a room with men in leader-
ship positions. “It was hard to permeate the outside and get in the center to opportunities,” she said. “You can sense that brotherhood or manhood.” Now Kash works with one of those men as the only woman on the A&R (artists and repertoire) and artist development team at Brick City Records. She is seen as an equal at the label, but in the larger part of the recording industry, it is still hard to break into the male-dominated field. “I completely forget I’m the only woman in the room,” Kash, a sophomore studying music production and recording industry, said. “It is all dudes, but I feel pretty lucky with the dudes that I am with because that just goes out the window with them too. It’s just about creativity and getting the best outcome.” Women like Beyonce and Rihanna have paved the way for women in the music industry, Kash said. “Their whole identity is kind of associated with power,” she said. “The No. 1 thing that encompasses a man’s identity is power and strength, so the fact that they can … signify power and strength, especially over other men and empower within their sexuality … I love that.” Kash also looks up to Australian singer-songwriter Courtney Barnett, who she said is empowering in a different way. Kash described herself as a tomboy who is extremely focused on her music. “Her music is just music and there’s really no gender that goes along with it,” she said. Rihanna is one of the best-selling artists worldwide and has more than 114 million sales as of 2016. On the list of the 20 top-selling artists, six are women. “In a completely male-dominated industry, it just gives women courage and faith to be like, ‘I can get to the top,’ ” Kash said. “It’s not about having more. It’s just about being able to reach the same places that (men) do and have equal opportunity and to not think that your voice needs to be quieter to be what you need to be.” 14 / MARCH 8, 2018
In a completely male-dominated industry, it just gives women courage and faith to be like, ‘I can get to the top.’ - Jennifer Kash, Brick City Records
GEORGIA DAVIS CULTURE EDITOR
Kash works with Bailey Panzeca, a female artist at Brick City Records, and said the on-campus label made an effort to find more female artists this year. Panzeca, a sophomore studying music production, said she feels more comfortable working with a team of women. “I feel like because (Kash) is another female, we can connect better because we can relate better,” she said. “It’s a really nice vibe always.” One way the recording industry can be more inclusive to women is to nominate women for more awards and choose them to win, Panzeca said. At the 60th Grammy Awards, only one woman won during the televised portion. Alessia Cara won for Best New Artist, and many people said Lorde was robbed of Album of the Year for Melodrama. “That’s ridiculous,” Panzeca said. “There are so many female artist out there doing good s---. … It’s sad.” Kash is hopeful that the music industry will continue to improve, but she believes it is generational. As long as her generation continues to take the moral high-ground and not compromise its values, the music industry will become more inclusive to women. Kash believes it will take awhile because women are now exposing problems within different industries, but talking about the problem is a step in the right direction. “Gender shouldn’t matter, but it does now, and the only way to get there is to talk about it,” she said. “We have to take the steps to get there.”
Bailey Panzeca, an Ohio University sophomore, poses for a portrait with her guitar on March 6. (HANNAH RUHOFF / STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER)
Sara Legarsky, a director of media relations for Ohio, poses for a portrait in The Convo. (BLAKE NISSEN / PHOTO EDITOR)
Sara Legarsky, the woman among men MATT PARKER FOR THE POST
n July 1, 2014, Sara Legarsky sat in her apartment in Stillwater, Oklahoma, and filled out a job application. It took only two days for Legarsky to get a response back about the opening for a director of media relations position at Ohio. A phone interview led to a flight that brought Legarsky to Athens for the first time. It wouldn’t be her last. Legarsky was formally offered the position as a director of media relations at Ohio on July 7, 2014, and in the span of 23 days, she filled her life into a U-Haul and started out on a new journey. “It was overwhelming,” Legarsky said. No longer in the graduate assistant role, and with departures elsewhere on staff early in her time at Ohio, Legarsky was forced into a professional maturation. Her first task? To be the main media contact for the Bobcats football team. “It was a terrible first two months,” Le-
garsky said. “You’re just like, ‘I’m going to be running a Division I football program.’ ” As she paved her way into the business, Legarsky never thought of the barriers she was breaking along the way. A woman in a male-dominated field, Legarsky has gone through and experienced subtle forms of discrimination or surprisedto-see-you-here moments. “The struggle I had would be when TV crews would come in and be like, ‘Hey, where’s the (sports information director)?’ ” Legarsky said. “I’d be like, ‘It’s me,’ and they would laugh at me.” Fellow director of media relations Mike Ashcraft has worked alongside Legarsky since her start at Ohio. He, too, has noticed the struggle that women face. “I think men sometimes question whether this person is legit or not,” Ashcraft said. “ ‘Can they really do this job?’ I just think that’s unfair to make that assumption just because you’re a woman, you know?” As Ohio’s lone woman SID for the past four years, Legarsky has noticed that over time, her gender became less of the topic, and the athletes — or, as she calls them, “my
kids” — became the focus. Legarsky thinks that’s the way it should be. A native of Indiana, Pennsylvania, Legarsky’s life has always centered on sports. She grew up a Pittsburgh sports fan and always found time to watch the local teams. “On Sundays, you were watching football, you were watching the Pirates, you were watching the Penguins,” Legarsky said. With a sports fandom like no other, Legarsky couldn’t abandon one of her life pillars. So, as an undergraduate student at St. Bonaventure, she started to lie down the foundation of her career. In pursuit of a bachelor’s degree in journalism and mass communications through a public relations concentration, Legarsky got her start working in the athletic department at St. Bonaventure. “I wrote my first few recaps about the cross country team and then was handed swimming and diving,” Legarsky said. “That was pretty cool, and I had it for the next three years. I got to run the (Atlantic 10) Championships in Buffalo.” After St. Bonaventure, a graduate assistant opportunity came at Oklahoma State.
“When I got hired at Oklahoma State, I was told that I was the first woman to be working the athletic department in 20 years,” Legarsky said. Amid the struggle, Legarsky thrived in her first year at Oklahoma State as the media contact for the Cowboys men’s cross country team, which won a national title that year. But when her time was nearing an end and with no open positions, she started to look for a new home. She found it in Athens. With time and experience in the workforce building every day, Legarsky is a symbol of the future for women in the sports world. With multiple female graduate assistants and Meagan Hogan, the director of marketing for Ohio, Legarsky is witness to the change of a male-dominated field to a more even playing ground. “I want to see this field grow with women because there are plenty of women out there who know plenty about sports,” Legarsky said. “... I love my job; waking up on Monday morning is easy.”
@MPARKER_5 MP109115@OHIO.EDU THEPOSTATHENS.COM / 15
Finding a way to play CAMERON FIELDS FOR THE POST
uiera Lampkins heard the news about why she might not have been drafted from one of her American Athletic Union, or AAU, coaches, who had also told her father. As Lampkins went through two WNBA combines, she drew interest from some of the league’s teams. But at the end of the 2017 WNBA draft, Lampkins hadn’t been selected. Lampkins, a former Ohio player, is the second all-time leading scorer in the team’s history. She’s part of the program’s 2017 class, arguably the best class in school history. During her senior season, she averaged 19.8 points per game and helped lead the team to a 22-10 record. It was the third straight year the Bobcats had won 20 or more games in the regular season. Lampkins was on each of those three teams. But when Lampkins heard that one of the reasons she wasn’t drafted was because she didn’t shoot many jump shots in college, she was driven to show that she could do more than drive to the hoop. “A lot of people think it was like, ‘Well, she couldn't shoot,’ ” Lampkins said. “And it was not — that was never the case. It's just that I didn't shoot.” Lampkins’ game has been centered on her driving to the basket with ease. When she played at Ohio, her role wasn’t to shoot jumpers. Her role was to drive and score. And if she didn’t score, she was to create shots for others. Now Lampkins plays for BC Winterthur, a team in Switzerland. She’s developed into an all-around player, and it’s been an endeavor that is necessary for her growth as a professional player. “It’s kind of fortunate, but I understand,” Lampkins said in referring to not being drafted. “Because you know, it’s a business. (The WNBA expects) their players to be able to do a lot of things.” What Lampkins has had to do is show that she can shoot. And she has. She is shooting significantly better with BC Winterthur than she did at Ohio. With the Bobcats, Lampkins shot under 30 percent from 3-point range for her career. But with BC Winterthur, she is the team’s top shooter; she averages 41.3 percent from the 3-point-line. For Lampkins, the addition of a jump shot to her game will likely help her receive WNBA opportunities. While Lampkins still wants to go to the 16 / MARCH 8, 2018
WNBA, she has had a change in heart about playing overseas since she arrived in Switzerland late last August. When Lampkins first got to Switzerland, she didn’t know if she could stay overseas for another year, much less play overseas for multiple years. But Lampkins has seen the benefits of playing overseas. She still wants to play in the WNBA, but she also likes the idea of traveling the world. And from a financial aspect, women are paid better overseas compared to what the WNBA offers. In 2016, the WNBA’s maximum salary was $106,000. Some WNBA players play overseas during the off-season, and they earn considerably more money. Phoenix Mercury guard Diana Taurasi sat out the 2015 season, opting to play for UMMC Ekaterinburg, the team she plays for in Russia. Taurasi reportedly made nearly $1.5 million a year compared to what she was making in the U.S., which was just over $100,000. Earning money is important, but for Lampkins, gaining exposure was initially the focus. “I feel like once you first start out, at least for me, the money wasn’t really that important to me,” Lampkins said. “It’s important to get the exposure, get to play and to see if I could possibly continue to do this for year after year.” Of course Lampkins cares about making more money. She said she’s making what a rookie typically makes overseas. In the future, Lampkins wants more than money, though. She also wants more competition, as she strives to play in the EuroLeague. As a guard, she’s defending other American guards, who are some of the best players in the Swiss league. “There’s other teams that are more competitive,” Lampkins said. “It’s not terrible, but I know there is more competition somewhere else.” Lampkins has been successful so far in Switzerland, but with that, she has noticed differences between the way basketball is played in America compared to the way it’s played in Switzerland. Lampkins said the game isn’t fundamental in Switzerland, citing that players in America learn the game’s basics at a younger age compared to players in Switzerland. Part of that, though, is because Switzerland has a work-oriented culture. Because of Switzerland’s hard working culture, some of the players on BC Winterthur have jobs along with playing on the team. Lampkins said that for some players, playing on the team is more leisure than it is a career. “People have jobs and then they still
Quiera Lampkins (left) was a four-year starter at Ohio from 2013-2016 and finished her career as the second all-time leading scorer in team history with 1,775 points. Lampkins now plays with BC Winterthur in Switzerland. (PROVIDED via Quiera Lampkins)
play, but there's a chance that they won't be able to make it because they have work or something like that,” Lampkins said. “So like in other countries, it's more serious.” For Lampkins, though, playing basketball is her job now. She’s a professional player, so she must go to practice and play in games. She must go to workouts, which she goes to with Abria Trice, the only other American player on BC Winterthur’s women’s team. BC Winterthur’s men’s team also has American players, and Lampkins and Trice work out with the American men’s players as well. Though Lampkins has practice nine or 10 times a week, she still has free time. She likes to watch animated movies. She recently watched Coco, which won best animated feature at The Oscars on March 4. Another challenge in traveling to play basketball in Switzerland was the time difference. Ohio is six hours behind Switzerland, so that’s been a difficult adjustment for Lampkins. “I'm still struggling with it,” Lampkins said. “To this day, I don't go to sleep till maybe sometimes 5 a.m. here.” Jasmine Weatherspoon, who played with Lampkins at Ohio, can relate to the time difference. Like Lampkins, Weatherspoon values family. But she’d be stuck when she wanted to talk to her family at
10 p.m. her time. Weatherspoon plays professional basketball in Dunkirk, France, for DMBC, a team in a league called NF1. France is also six hours ahead of Ohio. “I’ve had a lot of nights where I’ve stayed up till maybe 3 or 4 in the morning just because I don’t feel tired,” Weatherspoon said. Lampkins is a self-acclaimed homebody. She likes being around her family and staying low key. She said that some of her friends didn’t even know she was playing basketball in Switzerland. When Lampkins came to Switzerland, she was nervous. She had never left the country, and she wanted to be around her family. Still, she’s been fine. She talks to her mom every day, and she talks to her family almost every day. Lampkins knew that she was going to play professional basketball and achieve her goal of becoming a professional player. “I like to be around my family, but other than that, I had no choice,” Lampkins said. “This is something that I wanted. I kind of had to suck it up. I’m a softie, but I tend to be tough when it comes to stuff like that.”
Katie Barker impresses with near-perfect shot form SPENCER HOLBROOK ASST. SPORTS EDITOR
atie Barker ended practice in The Convo the way everyone else on her team did: by shooting. Swish. While the other players shot free throws, Barker used a side hoop and shot 3-pointers. Swish. Her rebounder, an Ohio manager, had a light workload while rebounding for Barker. She doesn’t miss many open jumpers. Swish. Barker learned to shoot differently than many of her peers, and it’s made all the difference. A redshirt sophomore 3-point specialist for the Bobcats, she has a near-flawless shot form that’s admired by her teammates, as well as many players on Ohio’s men’s team. “I never come out here and shoot the ball for fun,” Barker said. “I shoot to make myself better.” Most guards learn to shoot jump shots at an early age; Barker’s path to the perfect shot form was much different. She started inside as a post player in her youth. She rarely stepped outside the paint and learned to play under the basket and be effective there. Touch off the backboard and proper mechanics were key. Once she entered high school, she began to step outside the paint and hone her craft as a shooter. By the time her high school career was over, she was Cary Grove High School’s all-time leader in 3-pointers, hitting 145. Bob Boldon and Ohio took notice, and Barker became part of Ohio’s 2015 recruiting class. Following a redshirt season in 2015-16, Barker became a 35.5 percent 3-point shooter during her first season and was labeled a “shooter” by opposing teams. But this season, Barker got off to a rough start. Coming off an offseason in which she wasn’t allowed to do much on the basketball floor due to hip surgery, her shots weren’t falling. It wasn’t because she wasn’t getting shots in the offseason, though. She found ways around that, breaking a new personal record for shots in a day. “I shot 742 shots,” Barker said. “Those weren’t all 3s, some were closer shots. I probably shot like 600 3s out of all those.” Those shots finally paid off in the Bobcats’ Jan. 24 win over Northern Illinois. Barker, whose season high at the time was three 3-pointers, knocked down eight of 13 from deep, totaling a career-high 24 points. After the game, Barker acknowledged her struggles from earlier in the season, and
having the breakout game against Northern Illinois — which is located just an hour’s drive southwest of her hometown of Cary, Illinois — was special. She also described her shot as thoughtless, breaking a streak of games when she was overthinking her shooting. The slump was broken without thought. “I was struggling a lot mentally,” she said. “I would miss shots and just couldn’t get it out of my head. Now I sit back and think why I was struggling so much. I think it was partly my injury. I wasn’t even supposed to be playing until December. It was a mental thing.” As Barker navigated through the slump that ended against NIU, her coaches and teammates continued to have faith in her. They knew, and still know, the shot was perfect. The follow-through was there. The form was there. Seeing the ball go through the basket just wasn’t. Boldon has never coached somebody with a better shot form, which he described as perfect. He’s not alone in thinking Barker has mastered shooting a basketball from 20-feet-9-inches. Ohio’s men’s team has taken notice. James Gollon, the redshirt sophomore who started the final six games for the Bobcats and shot 38.5 percent from 3-point range on the season, learned some of his shooting techniques from Barker. She unknowingly helped teach Gollon how to jump to a pass to get outside shots up quicker. Gollon appreciates good shooting, no matter what the gender or level of play. When Barker gets hot from outside, Gollon makes sure to watch. “You can tell when she gets into one of those zones,” Gollon said. “Just like any good shooter. Really just flicking it.” Appreciating good shooting can only go so far, and then it becomes dangerous. Jordan Dartis, a 42.4 percent 3-point shooter and one of the best outside shooters in program history, found that out the hard way during his and Barker’s freshman year at Ohio. During the Bobcats’ preseason hype practice known as “Bobcat Madness,” Barker and Dartis decided to have a 3-point shooting contest. Barker hasn’t forgotten the result. “We always give each other a little dirt on that,” she said. “We both shot horrible. It was 6-5 or something like that. But I still beat him.” Gollon, who lived in the same dorm and on the same floor as Barker and Dartis at the time, wasn’t surprised when he was told she remembered the result two years later. “Of course she did,” Gollon said with a boisterous laugh. Whether it’s getting hundreds of shots up in the offseason, draining eight 3-pointers in
Ohio redshirt sophomore guard Katie Barker (#2) goes up for a 3-pointer during the Bobcats' 85-73 win over Akron in the first round of the MAC Tournament on March 6. (KELSEY BOEING / FOR THE POST)
a game to help the Bobcats win or defeating a men’s player in a shooting contest, Barker just keeps shooting. She doesn’t forget the people who taught her how to score, how to shoot, how to win 3-point contests. Among the many who helped her shoot, one was somebody she has never met: Larry Bird. Bird, who won three NBA championships, two NBA MVPs and an Olympic gold medal, began his shooting sessions each day by starting under the rim and working his way
outside. Barker does the same, knowing if a legend such as Larry Bird can start under the basket, she can too. After all, that’s where her basketball career began: close to the basket. “Being close to the rim teaches you the basics of basketball,” she said.
@SPENCERHOLBROOK SH690914@OHIO.EDU THEPOSTATHENS.COM / 17
FREEZING PROGRESS Noticing a dark, sexist pattern, writer Gail Simone coined the term ‘women in refrigerators’ to refer to a comic book trope in which female characters are used as plot devices for the male hero
MAE YEN YAP | CULTURE EDITOR
or a long time, Audrey Kisilewicz was never really into comic books. // The female characters in the comic books she read were often one-dimensional, and many of them failed to have their own story arcs. Most of the time, those female characters were soon killed off and replaced with other female characters, never to be mentioned again. // But as Kisilewicz regularly started to read comic books, she never knew there was a technical term for such plots. // “It made me validated that other people were feeling the same thing,” she said. “And then it also made me really mad that it was so widespread that it had a name. Like, why does this happen so much?”
ILLUSTRATION BY MEGAN KNAPP
18 / MARCH 8, 2018
A HISTORY OF VIOLENCE Violence is often instilled in superhero stories, Sam Berlin, an employee at The Wizard’s Guild, a comic book store located at 19 W. Washington St., said. After all, most of the stories are about people physically fighting. In 1999, Simone compiled a list of more than 90 comic book series featuring female superheroes who were depowered, brutally assaulted or ultimately killed. The list has only grown since then. The list, compiled by Simone and other fans, brought to light that certain groups of characters were being treated badly. “A lot of times, it seems that maybe the writer was working out a personal issue,” Berlin said. “It seems that every superhero origin has someone — usually family, often a woman in their life — murdered.” One of the more popular characters subjected to the women in refrigerator trope is Batgirl, the alias for Barbara Gordon. In Alan Moore and Brian Bolland’s The Killing Joke, the Joker physically and sexually assaults Barbara Gordon as a way to torture her father, police commissioner James Gordon, and Batman, the alias for Bruce Wayne. The story, however, continues to focus solely on James and Batman’s guilt over the assault, despite Barbara being the one who was the most affected by the attack. “I’m not even saying that every story
has to be about women, but these are the times (female characters) should have their own stories,” Kisilewicz, the co-owner of The Wizard’s Guild, said. “She was the one most impacted by it, so why did we not make it her story?” Although the writers of the original series retired Barbara as Batgirl, John Ostrander and Kim Yale brought the character back as Oracle, a technologically savvy hacker who helps provides intelligence and is also paralyzed in Suicide Squad. “It almost makes me madder that … the stories … were really good and were Barbara’s stories,” Kisilewicz said. “If we can do that … why didn’t we do it for the story that she was actually hurt?” ‘AN EASY WAY OUT’ Jared Gardner, a professor at Ohio State University who specializes in American literature, comics, film and popular culture, has known of the trope ever since he began teaching classes about comic books at the university the same year the trope began. “It resonated right away with my own experiences as a reader of comics,” Gardner said in an email. “I continue to think it is an extremely important intervention on the part of the fan community into the unexamined politics of superhero comics.” When he first read about the Green Lantern issue featuring Alexandra DeWitt’s death, Berlin didn’t consider it “a bad story.” “But the idea that women in comics are just written out to show that there is violence in the world, that’s just throwing away perfectly good character ideas to give fake stakes to a story about space gladiators,” Berlin said. Writers and fans often diminish female characters, simply because they aren’t the main characters fighting in the front lines, Kisilewicz said. By subjecting those female characters to the trope, she describes the writing as “an easy way out.” “It’s like, ‘Well, we can include female characters, but we don’t have to make them three-dimensional if we just kill them off or if she’s not here for half of the movie,’ ” Kisilewicz said. “(They) can still say, ‘We have X female character starring in this movie’ and not have to worry about hiring women to write that character.” Film and TV adaptations are often amalgamated to feature iconic stories that are able to get reactions out of fans, Berlin said. 2014’s The Amazing Spider-Man 2 featured the controversial scene in which Peter Parker (Andrew Garfield) attempts
“I’m not even saying that every story has to be about women, but these are the times (female characters) should have their own stories. (Barbara Gordon) was the one most impacted by it, so why did we not make it her story?” - Audrey Kisilewicz, co-owner of The Wizard’s Guild
to save Gwen Stacy (Emma Stone) from a fall by shooting a web strand at her body, only to realize she died because of the whiplash from her sudden stop. “That’s the one thing about the whole ‘women in refrigerators.’ Instead of Gwen as a character, she’s the plot device of ‘the one he couldn’t save’,” Berlin said. DITCHING THE REFRIGERATOR Kisilewicz is unsure if the women in refrigerators trope will continue in the future. It’s up to the writers. “I certainly hope that it will get better,” she said. “It’s a slow-developing field.” Discussions about increasing diversity within comic books and the comic industry have helped in terms of representing characters of different social backgrounds as superheroes. Recently, films such as Wonder Woman and Black Panther have gained international success despite not starring a typical white male hero. There are, however, still superhero films that portray female superheroes as disposable characters. The 2016 animated adaptation of The Killing Joke was heavily critiqued for the screenplay including additional sexual elements that were not part of the original story, including a scene in which Barbara pursues a sexual relationship with Batman. The scene raised criticisms as the duo had originally been depicted with a father-daughter relationship. “It is an easy and lazy narrative device with pernicious consequences, wherein female characters exist solely to sacrifice themselves for male characters’ self-dis-
“Women in refrigerators” refers to a trope in comic books in which female characters — often the love interests of the male hero — are subjected to physical, sexual or psychological assault as a plot device to give the male hero motivation and a complex narrative. Comic book writer Gail Simone coined the term in 1999, and it refers to a scene in a 1994 issue of Green Lantern in which the titular hero returns home to find the corpse of his girlfriend, Alexandra DeWitt, stuffed into a fridge. Today, the term “fridging” refers in general to situations in which female comic book characters, regardless of their status as a main or side character, would face violent situations that fail to progress their own character arcs. Although superhero characters who face violence within their stories may not seem like anything new, female comic book characters continue to face a disproportionate amount of violence compared to their male counterparts.
covery,” Gardner said in an email. “Good writers don’t need to lean on such devices.” There are times when the trope can be written in such a way that empowers the female character. Marvel’s Jessica Jones is an example of a female character who goes through the fridge but comes out from her ordeal stronger than before. “It definitely had a huge impact on her story,” Chloe Smith, a senior studying political science and women’s, gender and sexuality studies, said. “I don’t want to say that she necessarily had to go through it, but it was central to her story and essential to who she was.” While Wonder Woman portrayed the title character as an empowered female superhero, Kisilewicz found the supporting female characters in Black Panther to have been even more empowering because those characters are fleshed out and different but still strong in their own ways. The women in refrigerators trope seems to ebb and flow, appearing every few years, Berlin said. Although Berlin believes there have been fewer female characters being fridged over the years, the timing still depends on the comic sales. Kisilewicz remains cautiously optimistic about the future for female characters. “People are pushing back against diversity,” she said. “… For many years, we’re still going to get more bad things than good things.”
@SUMMERINMAE MY389715@OHIO.EDU THEPOSTATHENS.COM / 19
OUPD charges six at Mill Fest; barn lock shot ASHTON NICHOLS STAFF WRITER Some students left Mill Fest with a hankering for pizza or a need for sleep — others left in handcuffs. The Ohio University Police Department charged six people with alcohol-related offenses at Mill Fest, which took place March 3. Charges issued that day included public urination, underage drinking, possession of marijuana and possessing a fake ID. BAD BATHROOM SELECTION
At about 3 p.m, an OUPD officer working Mill Fest saw a 21-year-old student urinating on a fence. According to an OUPD report, the student was urinating in sight of multiple portable toilets and houses. The student was cited for public urination.
WEED ON WHEELS
At nearly midnight that night, an OUPD officer saw a vehicle driving down the middle of Union Street. A strong smell of marijuana was coming from the vehicle, according to an OUPD report. The officer arrested a student for operating a vehicle impaired, driving outside marked lanes and possessing marijuana.
A sheriff’s office deputy took a report March 5 of breaking and entering at a barn located in the of area of State Route 78 in Hollister. Deputies found there was nothing removed from the barn, but the padlock was shot and the door was damaged, according to a sheriff’s office report.
The sheriff’s office took a report from a resident of Ladd Ridge Road on March 2. He said his identity was stolen after receiving a $20,000 medical bill in his name from a hospital in Florida, according to a sheriff’s report. The man said he was not in Florida and did not receive medical treatment from any hospital in Florida.
The Athens County Sheriff’s Office responded to Ohio Avenue on March 4 for a report of a man with black clothes looking into a van behind Heiner’s Bakery in The Plains. Deputies patrolled the area and found a man fitting the description, according to a sheriff’s report. The man was dressed in a trucking service uniform and showed his ID to deputies.
The sheriff’s office received a report
on March 2 from a woman saying that she was prevented from buying Allegra-D at the pharmacy. The woman said she had not purchased anything similar for some time and was curious why she was blocked. There was no evidence of criminal activity, according to a sheriff’s report. THE RUNAWAY
The sheriff’s office responded to Depot Street on a report of an intoxicated man at a residence refusing to leave. When deputies arrived and saw deputies approaching, the man started running, according to a sheriff’s report. Deputies searched the area but couldn’t find him.
Uptown Dog to merge with 10 West; Ohio student-athletes want mental health care TAYLOR JOHNSTON DIGITAL PRODUCTION EDITOR It is week eight, and spring break is in just a few days. Catch up on what news you may have missed during the week: UPTOWN DOG T-SHIRTS TO MERGE WITH 10 WEST CLOTHING COMPANY
Uptown Dog T-Shirts will return home to its original spot at 10 W. Union St. for the first time since the 2014 West Union Street fire. Owner Mary Cheadle said she decided to merge Uptown Dog T-Shirts, 9 W. Union St., with 10 West Clothing Company, 10 W. Union St., because she believes it is time to modernize the businesses. The two businesses will merge before students return from spring break, which runs March 12-16 with classes set to resume March 19. The new business will 20 / MARCH 8, 2018
still be called 10 West Clothing Company. OU GRADUATE ASSISTANTS STRUGGLE NOT BEING ABLE TO WORK MORE HOURS ON OR OFF CAMPUS
Graduate students with appointments are ineligible to work more than 20 hours per week, according to university documents. But that counts for on- or off-campus jobs. If students are caught working off-campus jobs during their assistantships, they can be terminated and responsible for all tuition scholarship charges to their accounts. Graduate assistants, who must be fulltime students, are taking at least 12 credit hours of coursework to be eligible for their position. David Koonce, associate dean for the Graduate College, said graduate students receive a set of guidelines for their appointments when selected. “With all the out-of-class work expected in graduate coursework, work-
ing beyond 20 hours should not be realistic,” Koonce said in an email. Elliot Long, co-president for the Graduate Employee Organization, said if Ohio University doesn’t want students violating their requirements to focus on their academic work, students should be adequately paid. SOME OU STUDENT-ATHLETES WANT SPECIALIZED MENTAL HEALTH CARE
Student Senate passed a bill Feb. 14 demanding OU take more responsibility for the mental health needs of student-athletes. “At the end of the day, the difference between me competing my absolute best and me saying ‘I just don’t have it today’ is having someone to talk to, to help put things into perspective for me so I won’t get anxious, depressed, obsessive or what have you,” said Emily Deering, co-captain of Ohio’s track
team and the Student Athlete Advisory Committee vice president. Deering, who is also the athletic senator for Student Senate, was the primary sponsor of the bill, which asks for increased collaboration between academic and athletic administrations when it comes to student-athletes’ mental health needs. The bill also asks for the formation of a conference committee to discuss specialized mental health counseling for other groups on campus. In an email, Director of Counseling and Psychological Services Fred Weiner said, “All services at Counseling and Psychological Services are available for all students, including student athletes.”
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Suge B to perform hip-hop, rap live at Casa Nueva MAE YEN YAP CULTURE EDITOR
Ohio University students will be able to start their 2018 spring break with live hip-hop performances and spoken-word renditions. As part of the Midwest Ambassador Promo Tour, Suge B will come to Athens to perform songs from his latest album, Hustle Big. The Columbus-based hip-hop and rap artist will perform at Casa Nueva, 6 W. State St., at 10 p.m. Friday. Admission is $5, and the event is open only to people ages 18 and above. Tickets are available for purchase through the event’s Facebook page. Suge B is influenced by west coast rappers, such as Tupac Shakur, N.W.A, Snoop Dogg and Kendrick Lamar. West coast rap dominated charts in the ’90s. Suge B has produced two other fulllength albums: Checks and Balances and Live from the Bophouse . Suge B will be accompanied by HotboyReem & Tjsteves, Darwin Evolution Music, Prodical and Earl Maxxin. The accompanying acts were chosen through a competitive selection, Chris Moss, press contact for Suge B and promoter of the Midwest Ambassador Promo Tour, said. Music submissions by various artists were provided to a panel of highly selective music listeners who then put together a list of the most engaging performing acts. “We want to just be able to connect to the music fans and put on a great show for them,” Moss said. “I’m pretty confident that it’ll be entertaining for Athens.” The show will feature genres of hiphop, rap and spoken word. Moss said the team decided to include spoken word as a way to produce a more diverse show and pay homage to the origins of hip-hop. “Rap seems to get a bad (reputation),” he said. “We want to lighten that by mixing in a variety of genres … to get a diverse and interactive crowd.” 22 / MARCH 8, 2018
Hip-hop artist Suge B will perform at Casa Nueva on March 9 as part of the Midwest Ambassador Promo Tour. (ALEX DRIEHAUS / FILE)
David Schnell, a senior studying management, said he doesn’t usually go to hip-hop or rap concerts. If he does go to a live concert, it’s usually for country music. But Schnell said he listens to various rap artists, like J. Cole, Kid Cudi, The Notorious B.I.G. and Tupac. “I’m not a big fan of live concerts, but I would consider it,” he said. Samson Clemens listens to hip-hop and rap music a lot and said he enjoys listening to the bass and the beat in those songs. Clemens, a freshman studying pre-dentistry, said he might go to a hip-hop or rap concert depending on the artist. The Midwest Ambassador Promo Tour aims to build connections with
IF YOU GO WHAT: Midwest Ambassador Promo Tour WHEN: 10 p.m., Friday WHERE: Casa Nueva, 6 W. State St. ADMISSION: $5 (Ages 18 and above only)
people and music fans. The ultimate goal of the tour is to expand the overall music and hip-hop scene in Ohio through those connections, Moss said. At the end of the day, Moss hopes students and residents of Athens will “show up and show out.” “OU is known for not having any issues with putting their hair down and enjoying themselves. We want to be part of that energy. We want people to come and enjoy the show,” Moss said. “It’s an opportunity to inject some energy and … let this be a kickoff to their spring break.” @SUMMERINMAE MY389715@OHIO.EDU
WHAT’S GOING ON? GEORGIA DAVIS CULTURE EDITOR Friday River City Leather Pop-up Shop at 6 p.m. at Little Fish Brewing Company, 8675 Armitage Road. The brewery will host River City Leather, which will set up shop for a night of shopping and beer. The event is free to attend. Realbilly Jive a 6 p.m. at The Dairy
Barn Arts Center, 8000 Dairy Lane. The Americana group from Appalachia will perform as part of the Dairy Barn’s winter music series. The event is free. A cash bar will open at 5:30 p.m. and the Hot Potato Food Truck will be on location. The Honey Dewdrops at 7 p.m. at the
Eclipse Company Store, 11309 Jackson Drive, The Plains. The duo, which is based in Baltimore, will bring its music to The Plains. Tickets are $5 in advance and $7 at the door.
Becca Farley, an Athens resident, works behind the bar on a slow Saturday evening at Little Fish Brewery in Athens. (HANNAH RUHOFF / FILE)
Sunday Open Movement Class at 9 a.m. host-
ed by American Dance Festival in Putnam Hall. People will have the chance to learn modern dance techniques from Charles Anderson, a choreographer and performer. The free, public event is available for ages 18 and up.
DJ Barticus Y2K Millennium Dance Party at 9 p.m. at The Union Bar and Grill,
Yu-Gi-Oh!: The Movie at 12:55 p.m. at
18 W. Union St. DJ Barticus will spin some people’s favorite hits since 1999. The cover charge is $3 for people 21 and over and $5 for those under 21.
the Athena Grand, 1008 E. State St. The digitally remastered and English-dubbed version of the 2004 movie will be shown for $12.50.
Charles Walker Band at 9 p.m. at Casa
Little Fish Trivia Night at 8 p.m. at Lit-
Nueva Restaurant and Cantina, 6 W. State St. The three-piece funk and soul band will bring its energy to Athens. The group has been compared to Prince, Bruno Mars and James Brown. Cover charges usually range from $3 to $7.
tle Fish Brewing Company. Grab your smartest friends and brush up on your trivia skills for a night of questions. The winning team after eight rounds of eight questions will receive a $4.50 beer voucher per person.
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Walk-Ins Welcome! Fast convenient care. Wide range of services. The Uptown Clinic powered by Holzer offers a wide range of services treating conditions and common illnesses such as: • Cold and flu • Asthma • Sinus Infection • Acute Bronchitis/Cough • Seasonal Allergies • Sore/Strep Throat • Upper Respiratory Infection
The Uptown Clinic also provides primary care services including:
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5N. Court Street, Suite 1 • Athens, Ohio 24 / MARCH 8, 2018