THE MAGAZINE OF THE NATIONAL TRUST FOR JERSEY
In this issue
Charles Alluto, CEO
IN THE NEWS
DISCOVER HISTORIC BUILDINGS
Completion of the Foot Buildings
DISCOVER LANDSCAPES St Peter's Valley
THE IVY BEE Colletes hederae
Walk Through Autumn Festival
MEET YOUR GUIDE
Arthur Lamy Blue Badge Guide
Black Butter Making
IN THE SPOTLIGHT
John Young Environment Minister
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ACTIVITIES TO TRY
Christmas at 16 New Street
EDUCATION Born To Be Wild
DATES FOR THE DIARY
DISCOVER | 3
View point Who are the custodians of our countryside?
Following the acquisition of the agricultural fields in St Catherine’s Bay, the Trust will be formally advised by the Minister for the Environment that the “land cannot be occupied by anyone other than a bona fide inhabitant of the Island, who is wholly or mainly engaged in work of an agricultural nature in Jersey for his own benefit and profit”. This is an enormous privilege, and it could be argued an economic benefit, which was granted to the agricultural industry in 1974 as a means of protecting Jersey’s land bank. Unfortunately, it was not applied across the whole of Jersey’s agricultural landholdings and only affects those areas of land, which have been transacted since the law was adopted. As a result a significant loophole exits, which in effect undermines the very purpose of the law itself. Without doubt the law is desperately in need of review, in order to ensure that its application is equitable. We also need to consider what constitutes work of an agricultural nature and what credentials should be applied to bona fide status. Our agricultural industry continues to consolidate with two UK companies dominating the potato market and a number of dairy farmers heading towards retirement. Meanwhile the issues of potato cyst nematodes, over usage of artificial inputs such as nitrates and phosphate, hedgerow degradation, diminishing wildlife, and pesticide pollution, continue to be highlighted in the Rural Economy Strategy and State of Environment Reports. This begs the question as to why landowners should not be able to scrutinise and challenge the environmental credentials of those who currently enjoy bona fide status, given that we are obliged to place our land within their care. Some will argue that you can control these issues by inserting conditions in your leases. However, when the Trust recently suggested that it would seek to prevent surplus potatoes being ploughed back into its land, it was advised that such a clause would in effect make the land un-rentable. Imagine a similar scenario for residential properties, where
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you were legally obliged to rent to a limited pool of people, with little or no character references, and some with a reputation for not considering the long term care of the fabric and structure of the building. I suspect an uproar would ensue, but surely the very land that sustains us and our wildlife, is worthy of equal concern and attention. The Trust wholly supports the long term protection of our land bank for the agricultural industry, but I would question that this should be at any price. If you are going to secure bona fide status then you should be required to demonstrate that you will indeed act as a custodian of our countryside and will invest in the long term health of our soils, fresh water, wildlife and landscape. The environmental credentials of any potential tenant need to be transparent and available to all, and the department should be encouraged to place this information in the public domain. For example an environmental star rating system for all bona fide agriculturalists, which would rate PCN management, pesticide application, soil and hedgerow care, to name just a few. A similar system is being put in place for residential landlords, in terms of the condition of their properties, so that tenants are able to make informed choices. I see no reason why land owners should not be placed in a similar position, which would have the added bonus of raising land management standards across the board. So often the agricultural industry has shouted from the roof tops that Jersey should support the industry because without it Jersey’s countryside would be at risk. However, the reports emanating from the very department that grants bona fide status, would suggest that the current systems are not preventing some of those risks becoming a reality. Bona fide status is a privilege that needs to be earned and should no longer be taken for granted by the agricultural industry, as otherwise landowners may one day begin to question its legality and very purpose.
CEO NATIONAL TRUST FOR JERSEY
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IN THE NEWS
in the news Puffin News… he Trust is delighted to announce that funding was obtained recently for the continuation of the Birds On the Edge project, a partnership between the National Trust for Jersey, Durrell and the States Environment Department. A private charitable trust recently granted funds that will enable our project officer, Cris Sellarés to carry on vital bird conservation work. The farmland bird schemes, established in partnership with local farmers over the last five years, will continue to ensure the planting of winter bird crops and restoration of hedgerows, and a new project has been launched to help safeguard the future of Jersey’s seabirds including Puffins.. This new line of work has so far involved monitoring the breeding colonies of Puffins and Razorbills on the north coast, whilst collecting records of other seabirds the status of which is presently unknown, such as Guillemots, Manx Shearwaters and Storm Petrels. Whilst monitoring the colonies, data was also gathered on the presence of potential predators and threats to the Puffins, and the use of the land and sea by humans, whether it was for leisure or commerce.
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The aims of this research are to establish the size of the Puffin population and to gain insights on their breeding success, threats and opportunities for conservation. Early results indicate that the Puffin population of Jersey is estimated to be twelve birds, of which eight were four breeding pairs. The other four birds were believed to be nonbreeders, but they might have been too young to breed. The Razorbill colony is slightly larger, with an estimate 16-20 birds, comprising between seven and nine breeding pairs. All this data will be most valuable when preparing next year’s monitoring and research programme, and will also guide conservation work aimed at increasing their breeding opportunities or making their habitat safer, so that the present site can accommodate a larger colony.. By improving the Puffins’ breeding sites along Jersey’s north coast, we will be potentially helping other species which depend on these coastal habitats, such as Razorbills, Fulmars, and maybe even Guillemots, which have been seen close to our coasts throughout the Spring but as yet it is unknown if they breed in Jersey.
building works update The Elms and Grève de Lecq Barracks Having completed the Foot Buildings and the refurbishment of Les Côtils Farm Pressoir, the team are now turning their attention to a number of new building projects. These include an extension and remodelling of the Trust’s offices at The Elms, in order to create a specific office area for the Lands Department, a new multi-purpose meeting room in the former horse stable, and a reception area with additional desk space for volunteers in the existing Council room. It is hoped that these modest changes will enable The Elms to remain as the Trust’s HQ for many more years to come, whilst also ensuring that it remains fit for purpose and able to accommodate the requirements of an increasingly busy office environment. It is also planned to take the opportunity to improve surface water drainage, convert a former septic tank into a rain water harvesting system for the walled garden, reduce heat loss through secondary glazing, and install an air heat source pump for heating. The driveway will also be partially cobbled with granite sets (originally donated by Jersey Gas over 25 years ago) so that visitors to The Elms are no longer fearful of the humps and bumps, which they have had to bravely navigate in recent years.
At Grève de Lecq Barracks it is envisaged that building works will commence in the Autumn to convert two of the barrack rooms, towards the east of the site, to selfcatering accommodation. Two generous two beds units will be created and great care will be taken to ensure that no historic fabric is removed or altered. Indeed unsympathetic alternations that had occurred in the past, such as the large pair of doors to the rear of the site, will be removed and the historic window pattern reinstated. In addition high levels of insulation and secondary glazing will be fitted and an air heat source pump installed for the heating system. We are also in early discussions with another charitable organisation about the possibility of them renting the whole of the Barracks in the longer term, which would still enable public access and community benefit. Please be assured we will keep you posted on progress.
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IN THE NEWS
e have been delighted by this year’s response to our 30 Bays in 30 Days joint fundraising initiative with Jersey Hospice Care.
‘We absolutely loved this challenge and have discovered so many new 'favourite' places to swim!’ ‘Great fun, great family challenge’
Now in its third year we have seen a record number of registrations and at the time of going to print over £10,000 has been raised. We anticipate this increasing as further sponsorships are yet to be collected through August. Our social media pages have been alive with posts and images including the following : ‘Thanks for dreaming up such an awesome event. I've loved swimming in so many new bays and have actually developed a new found appreciation for the Eastern bays!’
Land near Witches’ Rock at Rocqueberg, St Clement Protected For Ever We are delighted to advise that Philip and Jurat Sally Le Brocq have entered into a restrictive covenant with The National Trust to permanently protect an agricultural field from any building development in the future. The field is located adjacent to the Witches’ Rock at Rocqueberg and is not only an incredibly important open space along the coastal road of St Clement, but will also ensure that the setting of this landmark site, associated with myth and legend, will be safeguarded for generations to come.
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Such agreements still enable the land to be sold or passed onto descendants, but in the knowledge that they will remain safe from any development in the future. It is amazingly generous and altruistic of Philip and Sally to enter such an agreement and is a clear demonstration of their desire to ensure that those who follow on will be able to appreciate the open spaces that we are privileged enough to enjoy today.
'What a wonderful experience. We have swam in great bays, met wonderful tourists who have been interested in the charities we have been supporting and also given us donations along the way! Plus gained great tans and feeling fitter! Looking forward to next year already!! xx' We hope even more people will join us next year!
Swallowtail Butterflies at Victoria Tower ou may recall reading about the European Swallowtail butterfly Papilio machaon gorganus in the Spring 2018 edition of ‘Discover’. Following on from that article, we are delighted to report that there have been numerous sightings of European Swallowtail butterflies at Victoria Tower this summer. Even more exciting was the discovery of a small number of caterpillars at the site. This gives us hope that by managing the site in such a way as to increase the abundance of nectar-rich wildflowers and caterpillar food plants, this spectacular butterfly might re-establish a long-term breeding colony at the site.
The Elms Wildflower Meadow ack in 2016 we took the decision to transform the formal, regularly mown lawn in front of the main house at The Elms into a native wildflower meadow. Just two years on, the meadow has already become a biodiversity treasure trove. The creation of this meadow was inspired by the 'Coronation Meadows Project' established by our Patron, HRH The Prince of Wales, to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Coronation in 2013. Given that more than 97% of Britain’s wildflower meadows have been lost since World War II, we hope that the success of our new meadow will inspire the creation of further meadows at suitable sites across the Island.
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D I S C O V E R | H I S T O R I C BU ILDIN GS
THE FOOT BUILDINGS
aturday 28th April 2018 was a big milestone for the Trust, when it officially opened the newly refurbished Foot Buildings to the public. This was a culmination of 10 years of campaigning and two years of renovation in what has been one of the largest capital projects to date undertaken by the Trust. The result is a rejuvenated “street of light”, supported by the Percentage for Art Scheme, and the refurbishment of three derelict but important early C19 town houses. You can now see the Locke’s Café busily serving coffees and food al fresco and Ian and Ruth Rolls displaying their works of art in the gallery of No 4. In the near future families will be “living above the shop” in apartments full of period detail and character. Of course none of this would have been possible without a great deal of support and team work and the generous financial bequests of Mrs Anne Herrod, Mrs Mollie Houston and Mr & Mrs Jack Trotman. We hope that we have created something which fully justifies their faith in the work of the Trust and provides a lasting legacy of which we can all be duly proud. 10 | D I S C O V E R
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D I S C O V E R | H I S T O R I C BU ILDIN GS
P I T T S T. D E T E L P THE COM BUILDINGS
Don’t forget to pop in and see Ella & Drew at Locke’s Café, where you can present your National Trust for Jersey membership card and get 10% discount on all food and drink. They are very much looking forward to seeing you.
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THE PITT STREAM GALLERY he “source” of The Pitt Stream Gallery was the Foot Building open day hosted by the Trust in September 2017. Ian & Ruth Rolls were so inspired and impressed with the restoration of the old cottages that they immediately enquired whether a tenant had been found for the shop of No4. On hearing that the unit was untenanted, they submitted a proposal to the Trust for a small gallery and ceramics workshop and were delighted to have it accepted. From that point they turned the idea over in their minds for months without being able to gain access due to ongoing renovation works. Finally they gained possession just in time for the Skipton Open Studios at the end of June. The gallery, with an unusual lighting & picture hanging system, has a frequently changing display of Ian’s work in all its forms; original watercolours, paintings in oil and acrylic on a variety of unorthodox supports, limited edition prints and greetings cards as well as a number of surprises including quirky boats and jewellery made from found materials and much more. Ruth displays her ceramic pieces, both hand-built and wheel-thrown, and to the rear of the shop is a mini kiln. As the gallery becomes established, they will show the work of other artists and makers too. The reaction they’ve had to the gallery so far has been very positive, and the public are genuinely delighted by the transformation of the whole area from a state of dereliction to a vibrant and inspiring historic part of town. The Pitt Stream Gallery, 4 Pitt Street, St Helier Open 10 - 5 Tuesday to Saturday www.pittstream.gallery
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D I S C O V E R | S T P E T E R'S V ALLE Y
s ' r e t e P t S Valley Jon Parkes, Lands Manager, delves into some of the history and ecology of St Peter’s Valley.
n 1859 Queen Victoria apparently paid an informal visit to Jersey when she was driven through St Peter’s Valley and was “entranced by the beauty of the area”. She must have made her own impression as the best known drinking establishment in the Valley, The Victoria Hotel, now referred to as the “Vic in the Valley” was named after her. “We took a beautiful drive, right across the Island, which reminded me of Normandy from the colours of the rustic houses and farms … Passed along the sea, which was beautifully blue and calm, through two lovely valleys of St Peter and St Mary, with wooded hills and … meadows, below cornfields and hay making going on.” Queen Victoria’s journal 1859. Since Victoria’s visit, things have moved on in the valley. Photos from the turn of the century show the valley to be much barer in terms of tree cover than it is now, with more worked steep côtils visible, particularly on the eastern side. In its hay day, there were eight mills fed by the stream of St Peter’s Valley. Today Le Moulin de Quétivel is the only remaining "fully" working mill. Much like the countryside landscapes all over the UK, more change has occurred in the last 100 years than probably the last 1000 years before that. But if it wasn't for the foresight of a few, that change could have been even more significant and costly. How much woodland would be left in Jersey if it wasn't for those people?
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D I S C O V E R | S T P E T E R'S V ALLE Y
from small acorns...
The Trust’s land ownership in St Peter’s Valley extends from a property named La Ruche to Tesson Mill and represents 9 separate benefactors spanning 62 years between 1947 and 2009. The generosity of these benefactors has safeguarded a substantial area of woodland which would otherwise be under private ownership or possibly even under threat of development.
DATE PURCHASED/ GIFTED
Le Don Gaudin
Mr C G Gaudin
Le Don Powis
Mrs M Powis
Le Côtil Exchange
Mr C G Gibault *
Le Don Holmes
Mrs L S Holmes
Le Côtil de Tesson
The Benjamin Meaker Trust
Le Don Langlois
The Langlois Family – In memory of Alfred George Langlois (also known as Fred
Le Don Foot
Mrs D Foot
Le Don de Carteret
Mr & Mrs G R de Carteret
Purchased by The National Trust for Jersey
Le Don Hodges
Mrs P Hodges
* Le Côtil Exchange was exchanged in 1970 for Le Côtil des Mont Gréberts, given to the National Trust for Jersey by Charles George Gibault in 1953. 16 | D I S C O V E R
oodland habitat is one of the most under-represented in Jersey with many of our existing examples being wooded côtils, having not been cleared and being unsuitable for growing, like much of St Peter’s Valley. Another contributing factor to the lack of woodland cover in Jersey was the felling of many significant and veteran trees during the final stages of the occupation for fuel. This would also account for the prominence of trees around the age of 70 years old and regrowth of old pollard and coppice stumps of the same age. These conditions have also favoured the non-native but naturalised Sycamore which can easily outgrow and outcompete slower growing native species such as Common oak and Ash with its “scatter gun” approach to seed dispersal.
Recent research by the Jersey Bat Group has also identified the area as a hot spot for a variety of bat species which have, until recently thanks to the recent innovations in technology, remained elusive. Bat detectors work by converting the bats echolocation ultrasound signals into audible frequencies. A surprising 16 species have now been recorded across the Island and the importance of woodland habitats, which also include areas of open water, neighbouring floral rich meadows and veteran trees containing voids, are now being realised. The group has also been researching which of the artificial bat box designs is preferable to these underappreciated small mammals. There are a number of versions available from recycled wood to concrete and these can be seen in the canopy throughout the valley.
Fortunately tree species diversity and age in St Peter’s Valley is quite varied with good examples of veteran standards and stands of Oak, Ash, Sweet Chestnut and Wild Cherry can be found and which attract Red Squirrels.
Much of our woodland is generally considered as secondary woodland, meaning that the growth has regrown from a previous felling or has grown after a primary use such as farming. Primary or ancient woodland, the real arboreal heavy weight in terms of biodiversity, is not thought to exist in Jersey, but some floral indicator species such as Wood Anemone, Native Bluebells and Pignut can be found in St Peter’s Valley suggesting at least that the habitat has been there for quite some time and one of the justifications for the area being a proposed Site of Special Interest.
St Peter's Valley c.1950
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D I S C O V E R | L A NDS C A P E S
o address the issue of under representation of woodland habitats in Jersey the Trust is looking for opportunities to expand what little woodland we have and plant new ones where appropriate. Last winter a new deciduous woodland was planted at Le Don de Carteret by Mont Fallu with the assistance of HSBC, who kindly sponsored the planting and provided keen volunteers to help plant over 550 trees. Sweet Chestnut, Oak and Hazel were planted to be coppiced on rotation and provide renewable timber to be used on Trust sites. As well as the coppice elements of the woodland that will provide a boost to biodiversity by introducing an ever varying height and age structure, unmanaged sections will also be planted to provide permanent cover, nesting opportunities and foraging for birds, invertebrates and small mammals. These sections have been planted with Oak, Silver Birch, Broadleaved Lime, Wild Cherry and Hornbeam.
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Unfortunately this year's weather has proved to be a challenging start for the newly planted woodland. Late February and early March saw freezing conditions and a rare ground frost on Mont Fallu made digging somewhat more difficult. Then after a welcome wet start to spring, the saplings were looking very healthy with an almost 100% survival rate. Then came one of the driest summers on record and an additional burden for the team to water 550 trees at least once a week, on top of our normal busy summertime schedule. Luckily help was at hand in the shape of our very kind neighbour Mrs Horne, who thankfully allowed us to use her well to water the trees which made the task logistics a little easier. The staff of HSBC were also on hand to lend assistance by mulching around every tree to help decrease the amount of water lost though evaporation. The first growing year is essential for newly planted trees as they are vulnerable to drought until the roots penetrate deep enough. Hopefully weâ€™re out of the woods now... So to speak.
New cycle path in St Peter’s Valley The Trust is delighted with the interest generated by the new cycle path in St Peter’s Valley which seems to have been warmly received by many islanders using it for commuting or enjoying St Peter’s Valley from a new and (and importantly) safe perspective. The path runs through two sections of Trust owned land, the meadow to the south of the Mill Pond known as Le Don Hodges and the meadow adjacent to Le Moulin de Quétivel. The Trust worked alongside the Department of Infrastructure to ensure that the path caused the minimum impact, both visually and ecologically, to the valley. In recognition of the public benefit the Trust granted permission without any rent or costs to the public. To mitigate against the loss of any valuable wet meadow habitat, The Department of Infrastructure agreed to fund an ongoing regime of meadow management to help bring all of these once rich meadows back to their former glory. Lack of management had left the meadows full of competitive bracken and Hemlock Water Dropwort and limited options of how to reinstate them. Due to the wet nature of these land parcels, cutting with tractors is almost impossible on all but a few dry days a year, and although these were traditionally grazed with cattle, the Hemlock Water Dropwort is toxic to cattle and therefore diminishes their appeal to graziers. To remedy this quandary, Manx Loaghtan sheep have been brought in as they are not affected by the Hemlock and do a pretty good job of cleaning the meadows up. It is unlikely that we will see the return of hay making in the valley as in Queen Victoria’s time, but with a bit of luck, we hope that the Manx sheep will help restore the meadows to something similar to what she may have seen all those years ago.
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D I S C O V E R | IVY BEE
Ivy bee Colletes hederae
By Jon Rault
plant of immense ecological importance to Jersey’s woodlands is Atlantic Ivy Hedera hibernica. It is rather unfortunate that in recent years Ivy has gained a thoroughly undeserved reputation as a parasitic tree killer. On the contrary, Ivy is in fact an essential component of high-quality woodland habitat, providing food, shelter, hibernation sites and nesting sites for diverse communities of insects, mammals and birds. Ivy plants are not parasitic and pose no threat to healthy trees, they simply use them as climbing frames. During September and October, when few other plants are still in flower, the delicate greenish-yellow flower clusters of Ivy provide an abundance of pollen and nectar for late-flying insect pollinators. While a whole host of species cash in on this autumnal bounty, there is one insect whose entire lifecycle is based around it, the Ivy bee Colletes hederae. Ivy bees are the last solitary bee species to emerge each year and can be seen flying from late August until early November. They fly so late in the year because they time their emergence to coincide with the appearance of Ivy flowers, their main source of pollen. The male bees, which emerge slightly earlier than the females, patrol the nest site waiting for the females to appear on the scene. Newly emerged females are immediately pounced upon by the males, and all too often this leads 20 | D I S C O V E R
to the formation of frenzied mating clusters containing large numbers of male bees with a single female at the centre. Having successfully mated with one of the males in the cluster, the female sets about constructing a nest. Female Ivy bees typically dig their underground nests in light, sandy soils with little or no vegetation. Eggs are laid in individual cells, each of which is provisioned with a dollop of Ivy pollen mixed with nectar. This is the food source for the larvae which will feed, grow, and pupate, before emerging the following year as the next generation of adult bees. Like other bee species within the genus Colletes, female Ivy bees line their nests with a protective waterproof anti-fungal material that is similar to cellophane. For this reason, bee species belonging to this genus are referred to as ‘plasterer’ bees. Unlike the more familiar honeybees and bumblebees, which live in colonies containing queens and workers, the Ivy bee is a ‘solitary’ bee. Female solitary bees each construct their own nests, undertaking all of the associated work alone, without the help of sister workers. Despite being solitary bees, female Ivy bees often nest in dense aggregations containing as many as several thousand nests. The strong association with Ivy, coupled with the fact that there are so few other bees flying so late in the year, makes identifying Ivy bees relatively straightforward. If you spot any, please be sure to submit your records to the Jersey Biodiversity Centre using their website: www.jerseybiodiversitycentre.org.je
Rapid Range Expansion The Ivy bee Colletes hederae was discovered and described as a species new to science as recently as 1993. It has subsequently been recorded across much of Europe, where it is known to be rapidly expanding its range. Ivy bees are thought to have been present in the Channel Islands since at least the 1970’s, although at the time they were identified as the closely related Colletes halophilus. They were first discovered on the British mainland in Dorset in 2001. Since then, the Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society (BWARS) has been monitoring the distribution of this species in the British Isles as it continues to expand its range.
Victims of Sexual Deception Ivy bees in the Channel Islands are the unfortunate victims of sexual deception and cleptoparasitism. Newly hatched larvae of the blister beetle Stenoria analis cluster together on vegetation and release a pheromone that attracts male Ivy bees. The effect of the pheromone is such that the male bees attempt to mate with the beetle larvae once they find them. While this is going on the beetle larvae climb on to the male bees. Eventually the male bees fly off to continue searching for females, enabling the beetle larvae to hitch a ride to the Ivy bees nesting site. When they arrive at the nesting site the beetle larvae hop off the male bees and head inside a nest, where they consume the pollen that a female Ivy bee has provided for its own young.
Credit: Barry Wells
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ENJOY | WALK THROUGH AUTUMN FESTIVAL
Walk Through Autumn Festival As part of its ever expanding annual event programme, The National Trust for Jersey in partnership with Intertrust is staging a new walking festival called Walking through Autumn. Staged over five days from 12th to 16th September, members of the Trust and visitors to the Island can enjoy a series of walks taking place each day during the festival. For many years, the Trust has promoted walking activities from the original ‘stepping out programme’ to regular monthly walks and iconic ‘regulars’ such as the annual ‘Turkey Buster’. However, the Trust really wanted to showcase its lands, sites and properties at one period in time, and what better way to do that than to walk in the company of a knowledgeable person at (hopefully) a beautiful time of year – as this wonderful summer comes to the end and Autumn approaches? ‘Walking Through Autumn’ gives the Trust the opportunity of pulling together a series of interesting walks in a range of beautiful locations and offering some ‘behind the scenes’ opportunities. There will be over 20 guided walks around the island from ‘Eastern Wanders’ in and around Grouville including a rare visit to Grouville Marsh and participants can enjoy parish walks, valley trails, low water walks, north coast paths, town trails, foraging and even forest bathing. Wildlife will be a theme of the festival and there will be botany walks with Tina Hull and Anne Haden around wild flowers at Plémont and St Ouen’s Bay and bat walks with the Jersey Bat Group from the Wetland Centre and Mill Pond in St Peter’s Valley. Walkers can also go on a north coast walk to Sorel to meet some Manx Loaghtan sheep and to learn about conservation grazing and how this is helping the re-introduction of the Choughs.
Many of the walks will go to Trust properties including Morel Farm, The Elms, Victoria Tower, 16 New Street, the café at the newly refurbished Foot Buildings, the Wetland Centre and Le Moulin de Quétivel. Other themes will include foraging, a geology walk to Le Pulec and a walk through a pre-historic landscape, a low water archaeology walk from La Rocque, farming through the ages including a visit to a working dairy farm. Throughout the festival families can also explore Hamptonne Woods, see the wonderful willow sculpture and learn about the life cycle of the Toad at their own leisure with a self-guided trail. Leading Trust firm, Intertrust, is working with the National Trust for Jersey again in 2018 as part of its commitment to protecting the local environment and preserving Jersey's history. Intertrust said: "We carefully consider all our sponsorships each year and our people are keen to support worthwhile causes which contribute to the community and the development of Jersey as a whole. We feel strongly that the National Trust for Jersey meets these criteria and have always been strong supporters of their efforts. We are pleased to collaborate on this first walking festival – Walking Through Autumn - which promises to be an exciting new project. Our team very much looks forward to the festival, which will provide wonderful walking opportunities for everyone in Jersey to enjoy."
For more information on the programme and to book on any of the walks, log on to www.nationaltrust.je or follow us on Facebook and Twitter. Walks for members are free.
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ENJOY | WALKING IN WOODLANDS
n i g n i Walk s d n a l d Woo Whatever the time of year, it is always the right time to walk in woodlands and each season brings different woodland pleasures. Our Education Officer organises ‘Woodland Wanders’ for little ones each Autumn and as part of this year’s inaugural walking festival – ‘Walking Through Autumn’, there will be a self-guided trail around Hamptonne Woods for families as well as some guided walks through some of the Island’s most beautiful valleys such as Waterworks and St Peter’s Valley. However, if you want to do your ‘own thing’, read our tips on planning for a woodland walk and take a picnic with you to suit the conditions (although leave nothing but your footprints afterwards!).
All of our sites feature on the National Trust website www.nationaltrust.je
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top tips for walking in woods
the benefits of walking A woodland walk isn’t just enjoyable, it has a number of important benefits too, it can...
Dress appropriately and take walking boots or wellies - even in the late summer the woodland floor can be damp and pack a rain coat just in case!
Help you sleep better and feel more alert when you are awake. Taking long walks in the fresh air is bound to tire you out!
Lots of woods have waymarked paths and routes you can follow, so be sure to stay on the paths to avoid damaging important wildlife habitats.
Improve your mood. Physical activity of any kind releases endorphins which can help reduce stress levels.
Pack water and some snacks and a bag to take your litter home in.
Helps you keep fit. Long walks are the perfect way to explore the island and even short walks will help stretch your legs and clear your head.
If you encounter a horse on a bridleway, don’t get too close or shout or run in case you startle it.
When walking at night or late in the evening wear reflective clothing and take a torch.
Reconnect you with nature. Soak up the birdsong, admire the flowers, shrubs and trees and breathe in the scent of damp earth. Even in winter there is lots to see and the canopies are less dense.
Keep your dog on a lead where signs indicate, or when near grazing animals or nesting birds. Keep dogs under control at all times and take their waste home.
Be the perfect family activity. Why not choose somewhere different to walk and enjoy your stroll. Play I Spy, see who can identify the different trees, collect the most acorns/chestnuts/pine cones and share a picnic.
Bring a camera so you can take pictures of what you see along the way and binoculars for bird lovers and share on our facebook page.
Make your own nature table or create some ‘autumnal’ art and collect pine cones and fallen leaves as you go along.
Be a lovely way to meet people. Whether you are enjoying the fresh air on your own or rambling with loved ones, you will usually meet people along your route. Or join a walking group and share the pleasure of walking with new friends.
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E N J O Y | F O R E S T B A T H IN G
Forest Bathing As part of the Trusts Walking through Autumn Festival we will be joined by ANFT Nature and Forest Therapy Guide Amanda Bond who will be leading a Forest Bathing Walk. We caught up with Amanda and asked her to explain to us what Forest Bathing was all about: Forest bathing is an exploration of the forest with all your senses, not just your 5 senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell, each of which is actually a complex process; it includes our internal senses that shape the way we behave in each moment. An experience becomes sensual when we notice how an interaction affects us. For example, merely placing our hand in a shallow stream initiates feelings…our senses note temperature, motion, texture, etc., but also responses such as joy, pleasure, tension, even fear. By 2050, the United Nations states that 75% of the world’s projected 9 billion population will live in cities. So, is it not surprising that as a species we have become disconnected from nature…and forests, in particular, where we have lived for most of our life on earth? We are also, increasingly an indoor species. The World Health Organisation names stress as the health epidemic of the 21st century. So, how do we deal with the issues of city living, or in a local context those families that live in ever increasing urban environments and begin to address this disconnect with nature? Since its inception in Japanese culture in the 1980’s, Shinrin-yoku, meaning ‘Forest bath’, has proven to affect health and wellbeing beneficially in a myriad of ways. To move forest therapy participants toward a deeper experience, guides invite them to share how they feel outside, and in. This becomes an intimate experience, when communicating with others how something is affecting us, which in turn creates a sense of community. Guides facilitate a journey…the Association of Nature and Forest Therapy Guides and Programs (ANFT) sets core guiding principles and skills, that begin with: ‘A guide works in partnership with the more-than-human world to accompany and support others on the journeys through which they find and manifest their medicine.’ An individual’s medicine being an unique expression - of who they are, and how that affects and supports their wider community.
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E N J O Y | M E E T YO U R GU IDE
BLUE BADGE GUIDE
s is so often the case, it was the hand of fate that sent me on this path. It was 1994, and at the time I was manager of a small cycle shop in St.Helier. Quite out of the blue I was approached by Daniel Wimberley of Jersey Cycle Tours, to act as a rear guard on one of his cycle tours. Being born in Jersey and having spent my entire life here, I knew my way about the island, and this was something that came in especially handy when you never knew how fast or slowly your group would cycle. I enjoyed this open air, and relatively care-free pastime, so much so, that in 1995 I enrolled on a Bronze Award course at Highlands at the earliest opportunity. This was a fairly basic course that hundreds of people have taken and passed. I was fortunate enough to pass this course and, to improve my knowledge further I enrolled on a Blue Badge course, again at the earliest opportunity which was the middle of 1996. Although this award required a greater depth of knowledge, and to some degree the mastery of several guiding techniques, I also passed this 6 month course. Today, I only work as a tourist guide occasionally, but during the past twenty years, I have been lucky enough to lead Jersey Tourism’s bi-annual ‘Around the Island’ walk almost every year since it started. I have led groups for Explore adventure holidays, Jersey Heritage, The University of Greenwich and Nauta Dutilh UK, amongst others. I have shown reporters from radio, press and television around Jersey. These include journalists from Le Parisien, TV Rennes, de Feits magazine and Cycling Weekly. I have also been lucky enough to show five-time Tour de France winner Bernard Hinault, travel writer Bill Bryson, and then Secretary for State for Northern Ireland, Theresa Villiers around our fascinating island. Arthur will be one of our walking guides in our Walking through Autumn Festival.
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E N J O Y | MY JER S EY
My Jersey Andy Sibcy
EDITOR, JERSEY EVENING POST
'll never forget the first time that the deep blue of the open sea gave way to the crystal-clear waters of the Ecréhous. Looking down over the deck of my kayak, the contours of the sea bed, sparkling granite and golden sand, were mesmerising, rich with plant and animal life. Chattering sea birds flew low over the water, a curious seal looked at us sideways, its head bobbing just above the surface, and a handful of other boats were moored among the sandbanks in the safety of a lagoon between the main islands of Maître Ile and Marmotière. With the Island’s legendary tidal flows in our favour, it had taken a little over an hour to paddle the five nautical miles from the end of St Catherine’s Breakwater to the reef off Jersey’s northeast coast. I had finally realised the Swallows and Amazons moment I had longed for since being read Arthur Ransom’s books as a child. The Ecrehous, with its houses perched on rocks and tiny Royal Square, its ever changing landscape and swirling currents, not to mention its history, is a magical corner of the Bailiwick. Wherever I have lived I have always looked for opportunities to explore, to find ways to immerse myself in the outdoors, to escape and spend time with friends. The Jersey I have discovered during the past 20 years or so has revealed limitless opportunities to achieve all of these things, whether on foot, on a bike or in a kayak.
From the rugged cliffs of the north coast to the sweeping sandy beaches of the south, east and west, it is hard to believe that there are so many places to explore. Jersey might be just nine miles by five, but the diversity of its landscapes and the history they evoke, especially through the forts and towers which pepper the coastline, never fail to inspire and capture the imagination. Jersey takes on a very different feel when viewed from the water. Driving around the east coast along roads lined with houses it is hard to get a true sense of this relatively populated part of the Island. But from the sea, and especially from a kayak moving silently through the water, its beauty is revealed. The Ecréhous might be a jewel in Jersey’s crown, but it is at the top of a long list of world-class places to experience around the coastline. Those who venture onto the water in small craft get to see the soaring cliffs, stacks and inlets between L’Etacq to Plémont, the caves to the east of Grève de Lecq, the water flowing through the gulleys between Le Hocq and Seymour Tower on a rising tide or the rocks and beaches between St Brelade’s Church and Corbière. My Jersey is a place of exploration and adventure. An island that is both endlessly fresh and reassuringly familiar. My Jersey is now about young children and the chance to rediscover many of the places I love through their eyes. One day I will watch them paddle into the shallows of the Ecréhous and I can’t wait to see the excitement on their faces.
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E N J O Y | B L A C K B U T T ER M AKIN G
Black Butter Making At
The Elms he Trust is delighted that JPRestaurants have agreed to sponsor this year’s Black Butter Making at The Elms. We caught up with Dominic Jones, who said that he thought it was a wonderful annual event that celebrated community spirit and at the same time adapts a centuries old tradition to the modern age. In many ways the event is like the National Trust for Jersey itself; preserving the best of our past to enhance and bring pleasure to our frenetic, present-day lives. Dominic continued to explain that the family owned JPRestaurants, and their sister business, Jersey Pottery have served customers in the Island for over 70 years and seek inspiration from our Jersey roots to offer locals and visitors the best of Jersey. We are excited to be using some of the black butter made at The Elms in a pudding we will be putting on the menu at Jersey Crab Shack this Autumn and Winter.
Thursday 25 October to Saturday 27 October
BLACK BUTTER MAKING AT THE ELMS
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The hard work and skill of the apple growers, peelers, stirrers and bottlers makes for a delicious, dark and fragrant apple butter, known in Jersey French as d'nièr beurre. It will be used in a Black Butter and Caramelised Apple Cheesecake which will be on the menu at Jersey Crab Shack. The spices and luxurious taste will make it a perfect alternative to Christmas pudding too. JPRestaurants have another reason to be pleased to be supporting the National Trust for Jersey Black Butter Making this Autumn. They have recently opened a new Jersey Crab Shack in St Helier in a historic building that was formerly a hotel and restaurant in Market Street where Jerseymen and women would stay on their overnight trips to the Central Market. If the walls could speak, there is no doubt we’d hear of much discussion over the dinner table of the best d'nièr beurre recipes and the apple harvest that year.
Reflecting on this heritage has inspired the look and feel of the new Crab shack enhancing the very 21st century design with detail taken from our past Island traditions. The bar is made of brass and has hammer-embossed patterns evocative of the bachîn, or brass cooking pots, traditionally used to make black butter. The bachîn also features in the new logo and elements of it are included in new crockery made by Jersey Pottery and the staff uniforms. Dominic added JPRestaurants looked forward to welcoming National Trust for Jersey members to Jersey Crab Shack St Helier to try the fruits of their Black Butter Making labour and take a look at the renovated historic home of the newest Jersey Crab Shack.
Thursday 25 October
Friday 26 October
Saturday 27 October
Embrace the community spirit as you participate in the ancient art of making Black Butter – peeling apples from 2 to 5pm at The Elms.
Peeling will start again at 10am until late!
Market Day from 10am until 4pm.
E N J O Y | B L A C K B U T T ER RE CIP E
Jersey Black Butter Cheesecake Serves 8 â€“ 10
INGREDIENTS: 300g Digestive Biscuits 120g unsalted Jersey butter 250g National Trust for Jersey Black Butter 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 3 tablespoons water Juice of Â˝ lemon 4 leaves/15g leaf gelatine 500ml Jersey double cream 300g full fat cream cheese
METHOD: Line the base and sides of a 20cm loose bottom cake tin with non-stick baking paper. Blitz the Digestive biscuits in a food processor, or by hand, to give fine crumbs. Melt the butter, stir into the biscuit crumbs and mix thoroughly. Press the mixture evenly into the cake tin.
point. Squeeze out the excess water from the gelatine leaves, then drop them into the water and lemon. Stir until the gelatine is completely dissolved. Pour the gelatine into the Black Butter mixture and stir in thoroughly. Fold in the whipped cream.
Cover the gelatine leaves with cold water and leave to soak until soft.
Pour the cheesecake mixture over the biscuit base, level the surface and place in the fridge to chill for several hours.
In a large bowl, whisk together the cream cheese, the vanilla extract and the Black Butter. In a separate bowl or jug, whisk the double cream to the soft peak stage.
When set, remove the cheesecake from the tin, peel away the baking paper and place on a serving plate. Decorate with a fine grating of dark chocolate if you wish.
Heat the 3 tablespoons of water and the lemon juice in a small pan to simmering
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Mike Stentiford called into the office as we were taste testing the Black Butter cheesecake. We couldn't resist taking this shot of Mike who gave it the thumbs up!
ENJOY | JÈRRIAIS
So you don't speak
Jèrriais Jèrriais our native Norman tongue has been spoken in our beautiful island for hundreds of years, and while it may not be commonly heard or spoken in shops and in the parishes as in ‘temps passé’ it would be foolish not to think that there is still much work to be done in order to secure the future of this important part of our culture. However, to those who say that the language has no modern relevance, it may be a sobering thought to note that over ten thousand words in common usage in the English language come from Norman and that without a working knowledge of Jèrriais much of our geography and history becomes rather difficult to contextualise. Jèrriais is still used today in a number of ways and many people, both old and young, will use Jèrriais without realising it. HERE ARE A FEW EXAMPLES: Lé brancage – the annual parish inspection of the hedges and banks is an important date in the Parish diary fixed by lé Connêtabl’ye – the head of Parish affairs - often referred to as the Father, or in more modern times, the Mother of the Parish. Then there is la grève, as in La Grève D’Azette or La Grève dé Lé, which simply means beach. Lé vrai, not vraic with a ‘c’ at the end, it was spelt, is a commonly used word for the various types of seaweed found on our ecologically rich and diverse beaches. Not forgetting the famous steep sided mainly south-facing fields or Côtis, at L'Êta (L'Etacq)
There are also some well-known local place names such as La Hougue – the mound and Les Mielles – the sand dunes, another jewel in natural Jersey’s crown. And did you know that Les Tchennevais or Les Quennevais, means the hemp fields, this being a historical reference to the crops that used to be grown in this area to furnish the rope making trade allied to the large ship building industry that once decked the shores of West Park and St Helier. The first ever Fete du Jèrriais will take place this Autumn from du Monday 24th – Sunday 30th September 2018. The Festival will be a Jèrriais celebration of Jersey’s native language and will bring together people from across the local community.
The festival is organised by the Jèrriais Teaching Team alongside L’Office du Jèrriais and the events will include a Badlabecques (pictured above) gig, a concert as part of the Jerriais Song Project, dancing, a scavenger hunt, talks, story and poetry reading and much more. The final event of the festival, due to take place at Jersey Arts Centre, will be the launch of a Jèrriais translation of Michael Rosen’s classic children’s book, “We’re Going on a Bear Hunt’ in conjunction with Jersey Festival of Words. For more information on the Fete du Jèrriais contact the Jèrriais teaching team.Telephone 449291 e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
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E N J O Y | I N T H E S P O T LIG HT
Charles Alluto recently caught up with John Young the Islands newly appointed Environment Minister. John shares with us some of his thoughts and focus for the future. What are your main concerns and priorities regarding Jerseyâ€™s natural environment and what do you hope to achieve within the next 4 years? In my view the island has a choice, we either adopt policies to live within our natural resources or allow our environment to degrade reducing our high quality of life. The Island Plan provides the highest level of protection for our Coastal National Park Zone but this policy requires strengthening to be fully effective. Its boundaries are very narrowly drawn and need to be extended. Some of our special areas have suffered from over-development from policy exceptions allowing existing properties to be demolished and substantially larger replacements which impact unacceptably on the landscape. The policies need to be more tightly drawn in the new Island Plan, and limits placed. Similarly the green zone needs to be maintained in the countryside. I want to make sure we maintain the rural character of our country lanes and have stronger preservation of granite walls, banques, trees and hedgerows. My intention is to manage the impact which our growing population makes and its intensive demands of our finite natural resources to ensure Jersey retains its special qualities. 34 | D I S C O V E R
Our state of the Environment Report made stark reading with evident decreases in biodiversity including local extinctions. Do you think the time has come to consider setting aside specific areas for our wildlife, such as a coastal bird protection zones and â€œno takeâ€? marine zones. The wildlife law needs stronger powers, and the idea of establishing special protection zones for the highest quality sites a worthy one. The decline in biodiversity is most likely due to disturbance from human activities and I want to see more Sites of Special Interest designated. No take fishing zones can be introduced only with the support of our fishing industry. Fortunately we have a successful marine management regulatory regime in Jersey and a cooperative industry which is able to adapt to population change in marine species. However the impact of recreational fishing for tourism is having an increasing impact and will need management.
The UK Government has recently produced a 25 year plan to improve the environment. Do you think we need something similar for Jersey? I prefer actions to lengthy reports, so am not a great fan of long term detailed plans as they are resource intensive to produce, often are ignored and I wonder if they are worthwhile given the high level of uncertainty Jersey faces for the future. I prefer setting high level strategic aims and our direction of travel to provide us with a framework for policy interventions and pragmatic decisions. These should guide our actions and take us towards our goals.
Elephant in the room Question... Controlled Immigration or Open for Business? Our failure to manage population growth over the past ten years has had substantial and irreversible adverse effects on Jersey. It has put pressure on our public infrastructure requiring major investment, led to unsustainable growth in housing and living costs. It has not delivered either the economic growth or yield from taxation to allow us to meet these needs, resulting in the reduction in the quality of island life. I strongly support the introduction of work permits which I think should be more closely aligned to Guernsey’s work permit system based on selective needs criteria. We will have to develop these criteria in consultation with the public and business.
“Craupaud” or “Blond Hedgehog”? Do I have to choose? Both Jersey and Alderney are world class island natural and historic environments, but have very different characters. Some would find Alderney stark and the omnipresent physical evidence of its dark WW2 past, oppressive. However In my three years I greatly enjoyed working with its close friendly community who have accepted the need to live within its limited services and declining economic resources. It is very isolated and off island transport is inadequate and unreliable. In contrast Jersey has brilliant amenities, excellent transport links as well as a friendly community and excellent resources.
Historic Building Repair Grants… gone for ever or due for a come back? The only way I can see historic building grants being available in Jersey if we were to benefit from the UK national lottery. Hopefully people who take on a historic building do so in the recognition that owning a historic building is a privilege which brings quality benefits but carries with it additional responsibilities .
Uncontrolled car parking, concessions, coastal strip erosion, quarrying, water pollution….after 50 years of waiting, what can the National Trust do to help secure an integrated management plan for St Ouen’s Bay? We have to tackle these problems individually and find pragmatic sensible solutions which our community will support. Since we rely on ground water catchments for drinking, water pollution from agri-chemicals is unacceptable. I am advised that our intensive monoculture farming industry has made improvements under tighter regulation but now we have an application to provide a stream by pass from Val de la mar reservoir because of pollution. I see this as a warning sign. We need to do better. My Department is putting a new draft mineral strategy forward to address the end of sand extraction from St Ouens bay. The Constable of St Peter has already highlighted the damage and pollution of uncontrolled camping at Le Port and my team will be working with him to secure improved management and reducing the pollution caused. However we need to recognise that St Ouens bay is an important cultural and recreational facility and we need to try and find the right balance for its management, by working with local stakeholders.
With increasing concerns over nitrates, phosphates and pesticides within our fresh water supply and a PCN problem which appears to be out of control, do you think we need to review our current agricultural model and recognise the full impact and cost of artificial inputs upon the Island’s ecology? Yes. My initial briefing has advised me that the high use of nitrate and agri chemicals are largely required for commercial reasons to maintain the economic value of our intensive cropping regime. I have asked the department to carry out research and trials into less intensive farming methods and, alternative crops, which have less negative impact on our ecosystems and reduce the potential for entry into the human food chain. There are many claims which are under investigation. The challenge is to find other ways of generating the economic return. In the meantime we should adopt the precautionary principle and try to reduce such inputs further.
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ENJOY | IN THE SPOTLIGHT
Is it realistic for your department to protect and enhance our environment when your budget is less than the Law Officers Department and equivalent to 0.8% of States annual expenditure. Thankfully we a have committed team of civil servants working in the Planning and Environment Teams and truly dedicated voluntary bodies in Jersey such as the National Trust. Realistically we have to work within the limits set whilst arguing the case for a greater share of the islands economic cake. For too long Jerseyâ€™s environment has been taken for granted. On my watch I will make the argument to my ministerial colleagues that the public priority for our special environment has to be matched with appropriate resources.
What do you think the National Trust needs to do to help safeguard the natural beauty and historic buildings of our Island? The Trust has already set a fine example for the island and the States to follow. The removal of the Plemont Holiday Village and restoration of the north coast, part funded with funds raised by the Trust is a project worthy of international recognition and the building restoration in New St has shown what is possible. The policy of ensuring land gifted to the Trust cannot be alienated is invaluable. By contrast the States have shown by removing covenants on land gifted to them is testament to the shifting sands of local politics.
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As your adopted home what makes Jersey so special for you? Whilst Jersey has changed greatly since I came here in 1979 with my very young family, it is still one of the finest places in the world to live. We have not yet lost the village feel and our closely interlinked diverse networks of supportive Islanders are flourishing. Our seascapes and Coastal National Park are world class. A visit to the north coast and the wild open spaces of Les Landes restores the soul. Walking or cycling the back lanes of inner St Lawrence with its small fields, banques and farm buildings like Le RĂ˘t Cottage, one could feel transported in time back centuries. Unfortunately our increasing population has brought with it an even bigger number of motor vehicles which with the exception of electric vehicles which have to be encouraged, cause noise and air pollution. Their use is close to reaching the limits of our finite road network and bring road safety challenges. Although not within my brief, I will work with other ministers to try to improve our management of them.
ENJOY | ACTIVITIES TO TRY
Activities to try The Trust’s practical workshops are always popular and enable islanders, as well as the occasional visitor, to learn a new skill and have fun trying. Workshops take place in our historic buildings such as the Pressoir at The Elms, 16 New Street the Georgian House and Le Moulin de Quétivel. There is always a reduction in price for members of the Trust – so another reason to encourage others to join.
Workshops for Food Lovers
Workshops for Creatives
Saturday 13 October
ADVANCED BREAD MAKING WORKSHOP AT LE MOULIN DE QUÉTIVEL Learn how to make your own sourdough bread in the Trust’s very own watermill using our freshly milled stoneground flour. Artisan baker Richie Howell of Pain de Famille will guide you through the whole bread making process from start to finish - from preparing the ferment and mixing the dough to proving and baking your own traditional loaf of bread. This advanced class is aimed at bakers with some experience. As well as learning how to make a traditional loaf, you will also learn several different shaping techniques and how to incorporate your own flavourings. Meeting point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 2pm – 6pm Price: £40 for Trust Members; £50 for Non-Members to include materials, a recipe pack, a bag of stoneground flour, a guided walk and refreshments.
Tuesday 4 December
CHOCOLATE MAKING AT CHRISTMAS Join Penny Setubal and learn the art of chocolate making just in time for Christmas. The workshop is very interactive and you will learn how to temper chocolate, use moulds and make truffles and other delights. Meeting point: The Elms Time: 6.30pm - 8.30pm Price: £20 for Trust Members; £25 for Non-Members to include seasonal refreshments.
Saturday 1 December
A LETTER TO FATHER CHRISTMAS – CHILDREN’S WORKSHOP AT 16 NEW STREET
Tuesday 27th November
CHRISTMAS DECORATION WORKSHOP Tomte Nisse - These little folk of Finnish mythology are associated with protection and the welfare of the home. They appear all over Scandinavia during the Christmas season; Les P'tits Faîtchieaux are our very own 'Little Folk' and legend has it that they lived in the dolmens and came out at night to secretly do housework or plough fields in exchange for cake! Join local artist Kerry-Jane Warner and make one or two of these delightful little local characters to bring the spirit of fun and helpfulness to your home this Christmas. Meeting point: The Elms Time: 7pm - 9pm Price: £15 for Trust Members; £20 for Non-Members to include refreshments.
Good little girls and boys are invited to join us for a special Christmas workshop at 16 New Street, where they can try their hand at calligraphy and finish their personal messages to Father Christmas with ribbon and sealing wax. Children must be accompanied by an adult. Meeting point: 16 New Street Time: 10am – 11.15am Price: £10 for Trust Members; £12 for Non-Members.
Monday 3rd December
WREATH MAKING WORKSHOP Learn how to make a beautiful Christmas wreath using fresh greenery at this evening workshop with Clara Barthorpe from Wilde Thyme.
Book tickets online for all our events by visiting www.nationaltrust.je/events
Meeting point: The Elms Time: 6.30pm - 8.30 pm Price: £45 for Trust Members; £55 for Non-Members to include seasonal refreshments. Max 18 persons. Please bring secateurs/ scissors. D I S C O V E R | 37
E N J O Y | 1 6 NE W S T R E ET
Caption: Le Moulin de Quétivel by W. F. Wells (1832)
VISIT LE MOULIN DE QUÉTIVEL Jersey's only remaining working watermill
t is surprising to think that until the advent of the steam engine, and later electricity, wind and watermills provided the only source of power for many different processes - from making flour and paper to hammering metal and grinding malt for beer. During the heyday of milling in Jersey there were 46 working watermills on the Island, with eight along the stream that runs through St Peter’s Valley, and yet today there is only one working watermill remaining. The earliest records of Le Moulin de Quétivel date from the 1300s when all of the mills on the Island were controlled either by the Crown or the Seigneur of a fief. Of the 30 mills in operation in 1349, eleven belonged to the King - including de Quétivel Mill, which was served by Crown tenants living in St Brelade. In return for the privilege of using the mill to grind their grain, tenant farmers had to pay the King or Seigneur every 16th sheaf of wheat, as well as take care of the maintenance of certain areas including all the timber. By the late 18th century most of Jersey’s watermills were in the hands of extremely powerful milling families. In 1787, during a sitting of the States, the Lieutenant Governor was recorded as saying that mills were causing an abominable monopoly on the price of wheat. The 1840s 38 | D I S C O V E R
were difficult times for many mill owners. Wages for ordinary workers had been pegged (much like today), however the price of bread was going up at a weekly rate. Matters came to a head in May 1847 when mill workers marched on the town mill at Grand Vaux and demonstrated, calling for cheaper bread. The miller in charge at the time was named Pellier and demonstrators chanted, “Cheaper bread or Pellier’s head, cheaper flour or Pellier’s last hour!” The States finally agreed to sell bread to the poor at below cost price and prices were subsidised again by a relief fund set up by the parishes and paid for by the rich of the Island. The mid-19th century was a time of massive expansion for the 46 mills on the Island. Although the Island was still not producing enough wheat to feed its population, it was discovered that, by importing grain from the Baltic and milling it in Jersey, flour could be exported as far afield as North America for a large profit. It was at this time that Le Moulin de Quétivel increased in size to incorporate a large grain store (where the tearoom is today). Life for the miller during this boom time would have involved a long six day week. Not only did he have to take the sacks of grain to the top of the building to start the process, but also he constantly had to re-dress the mill stones to ensure that
they grinded properly. One of the longest serving millers at Le Moulin de Quétivel was John Hawkins, who lived on site with his wife and 12 children from 1851-1866. Meal times must have been very crowded with so many mouths to feed and it is hard to imagine where everyone would have slept. Sad tidings came to the family in 1866 when John Hawkins died. The cause of his death was asthma, no doubt caused by all the flour in his lungs. Le Moulin de Quétivel stayed in operation until the end of the 20th century when the waterwheel finally fell silent; steam power had taken over from water power and the mill was no longer viable. The mill was brought back into service for a brief period during the German Occupation of the Island when a new waterwheel was erected and a bread oven installed on site, but at the end of the war milling ceased again as the growing of grain gave way to potatoes and tomatoes. The National Trust for Jersey stepped in to restore the building during the 1970s despite a disastrous fire which all but destroyed the building and Le Moulin de Quétivel became fully operational again in 1979. When you look at this humble building today, it is staggering to think that once upon a time it was able to support a whole community.
ENJOY | LE MOULIN DE QUÉTIVEL
Saturday 6 October
Open Milling is a very special date in the Trust’s calendar as it is the only opportunity when visitors can watch the whole milling process from start to finish. This Autumn the Trust will be milling Jersey wheat, farmed traditionally at Le Tâcheron Farm in Trinity by the Le Maistre family with the help of their Shire horse Ringo and threshed at the Pallot Steam Museum. Here are some of the activities visitors can look forward to on the day:
Jersey wheat farmers Charles, Alan and John Le Maistre – together with their Shire horse, Ringo
Le Tâcheron Jersey wheat
• Follow the water as it travels along the leat from the Mill Pond and meet the Trust’s Rangers who will be operating the sluice gates, engaging the gigantic mill stones and milling the Trust’s unique stoneground flour • Learn about Jersey’s milling heritage from the Trust’s miller • Meet the miller’s wife, who will be busy making bread in the historic kitchen • Meet the young farmers who grew the wheat and learn about their traditional farming practices • Purchase some freshly milled Genuine Jersey flour – perfect for baking and bread making • Join Blue Badge Guide Jean Treleven for a free guided walk from the Mill Pond to Le Moulin de Quétivel at 10am or a free guided walk from Le Moulin de Quétivel to Tesson Mill at 11.30am • Enjoy refreshments and homemade cakes, served by the Trust’s volunteers in the small tearoom overlooking the meadow Time: 10am – 4pm Price: £3 Adults; £1 Children; Trust Members and Under 6s Free Getting there: Visitors are encouraged to walk or cycle to the mill along the new cycle track; Bus route 8; Cars should park at the Mill Pond further up the Valley.
New School Programme at Le Moulin de Quétivel This autumn the Trust is excited to launch a new programme for Primary Schools at Le Moulin de Quétivel supported by Ogier. Targeted at Year 5s, the programme comprises four activities: a walk to the Mill, where students will explore the geography of the area; A Miler’s Life focusing on Miller John Hawkins, who was employed at the Mill from 1851-1866; In the Victorian Kitchen with the Miller’s Wife; and a hands-on DT activity focusing on cogs, pulleys and gears. For further information, please contact Catherine Ward at the Trust. email : email@example.com
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ENJOY | 16 NEW STREET
VISIT 16 NEW STREET G E O RG I A N H O U S E T H I S CHRISTMAS The Trust has timetabled a whole range of activities at 16 New Street this Christmas to appeal to everyone, young and old â€“ from atmospheric tours of the house by candlelight and late night shopping in the evening to a new programme for schools and a special childrenâ€™s workshop during the day. And the good news is that the jolly man himself will be flying in to 16 New Street this festive season with tales from the North Pole for young ones - and those who are young at heart!
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CHRISTMAS EMPORIUM AT 16 NEW STREET Opening Night Thursday 22 November Please support the Trust this year by purchasing your gifts from 16 New Street. The Trust’s gift shop is a lovely relaxing place to browse, away from the hustle and bustle of King Street – and the bonus is that Trust Members receive a 10 per cent discount when they show their cards at the desk. Opening hours are Thursday evenings from 4pm – 8pm and Saturdays from 10am – 4pm
NEW PROGRAMME FOR SCHOOLS AT 16 NEW STREET – A TRADITIONAL CHRISTMAS Monday 26 November – Friday 30 November Supported by Ogier The Trust is excited to launch a new programme for primary schools at 16 New Street, targeted at Year 2s. A Traditional Christmas comprises six rotational activities, including In the Georgian Kitchen, where the children will assist the Housekeeper with preparing the Christmas pudding, In the Dining Room, where they will help the Butler lay the table for a special Christmas banquet; and In the Drawing Room, where Mrs Journeaux will teach them a traditional dance, accompanied by music. For further information, please contact Catherine Ward at the Trust.
FATHER CHRISTMAS AT 16 NEW STREET Saturday 8 December, 15 December, 22 December Supported by Canaccord Genuity Christmas in Jersey wouldn’t be complete without a special visit to see Father Christmas at 16 New Street. This year the Trust will be selling tickets for Father Christmas in advance from the Trust’s gift shop at 16 New Street – open throughout December on Thursday evenings from 4pm – 8pm and Saturdays from 10am – 4pm. Admission: £5 for Trust Members, £6 for Non-Members to include a gift - one adult admitted free of charge with every child (additional adults will be charged £6 for Non-Members / Free for Members) If you haven’t written your letter to Father Christmas yet, why not book onto our special children’s workshop: A Letter to Father Christmas on 1 December. For further details, please see page 37.
SILENT NIGHT AT 16 NEW STREET – AN ATMOSPHERIC THEATRICAL TOUR OF 16 NEW STREET BY CANDLELIGHT Tuesday 11 December and 18 December Join us this Christmas for an atmospheric theatrical tour of 16 New Street by candlelight, where you can look in on the family members as they prepare for the Christmas period. Downstairs in the kitchen, the Housekeeper is busy adding the finishing touches to a Twelfth Night cake; upstairs in the drawing room, Mrs Journeaux and her mother-in-law are planning a Twelfth Night Ball to be held at 16 New Street on January 5th; and next door in the Club Room, Members of the Liberty Gentlemen’s Club are making merry around the Christmas tree after a few too many brandies! Booking essential. For further details, please see page 49.
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E N J O Y | ED U CATIO N
ur Education team has been busier than ever this year delivering school holiday activity sessions together with a packed programme of events for schools during term-time. So far in 2018, almost 2,000 children from local primary schools have enjoyed: • Rock Pool Rambles • Bug Safaris • Woodland Wanders • Pond-dipping • Visits to the Wetland Centre These sessions support many areas of the curriculum and ensure that children are connected with the rich natural environment that our island has to offer. Children often arrive at the sessions with a sense of trepidation about the environment or activity they are about to engage in. It is unfortunate that despite easy access to a huge range of natural spaces in Jersey, many children do not regularly spend time rock
pooling, exploring the woods or hunting for bugs. Thankfully, during their visit the large majority of reluctant children can be heard describing the experience as ‘epic’ or ‘sick’ (which we are assured means that they have enjoyed it!) We are delighted to see a 150% increase in the amount of children attending our sessions from 2014 to 2018. This has only been made possible by securing additional funding from HSBC, which has enabled the Trust to expand its Education programme further with the appointment of Chris Siouville who joined the Education team earlier in the year. Chris has many years of experience working as a primary school teacher and Education Officer at Durrell. She is hugely passionate about the natural world and enjoys sharing this with the children she teaches. Chris will be running our ever-popular Woodland Wanders this October half-term, but with a new twist. This year they will take place at night allowing children to use their senses to explore the woods in the dark.
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E N J O Y | E DU C A T I O N
GO ON A NIGHT-TIME SCAVENGER HUNT Choose a dry night and head out somewhere familiar to discover how different things seem under cover of darkness. You will need: • A TORCH • WARM CLOTHES AND STURDY SHOES OR WELLIES • A BUCKET OR BAG FOR COLLECTING • A CHECKLIST OF THINGS TO FIND
a nut or seed something rough a straight stick
a leaf bigger than your hand something as small as your fingernail something white
Why not come along to our Woodland Wanders – after dark
During half term join us for a wander in the woodland with a difference. Setting off at dusk, we will explore the sights and sounds of the woods as the sun goes down. Watch for bats, listen for birds and enjoy a hot chocolate in Le Moulin de Quetivel. Dates: 29th and 30th October and 2nd and 3rd November Time: 4.30pm-6.00pm Price: FREE for Trust Members £5 for Non-members - Booking essential. 44 | D I S C O V E R
TEAR OUT THIS PAGE TO TAKE WITH YOU
E N J O Y | ED U CATIO N
Have a look around you; how many different tree species can you see? Once you’ve learned how to identify trees you’ll see that tree species are all as different as daffodils are to daisies. From the look of its leaves and texture to its bark, to its height and shape there are many different clues to help you learn who’s who. Jersey has many native and naturalised tree species, but if you are in one of our woodlands the chances are, you won’t be far from one of these usual suspects.
Its trademark black buds make the tree the easiest to identify in the winter and in the summer you can’t miss the feathery leaves and seeds like bunches of keys. These seeds provide food for many birds and mammals.
This one is easy to remember, look for rough bark, wavy leaves and acorns. Oaks provide food and homes for more living creatures than any other tree. This means they play an essential role as a habitat for wildlife, not just in Jersey’s woodlands, but also in parks, gardens, schools and anywhere else where oaks grow.
Hazel often grows in the shrubby understory and produces nuts popular with small mammals.
This large tree is easy to recognise by its long catkins and gnarly twisted trunk. Look out for the big leaves with jagged edges and chestnuts in autumn.
A very common tree in Jersey woodlands, introduced in the middle ages and prone to taking over, Look out for hand shaped leaves and ‘helicopter’ seeds.
A wild Cherry tree can live for 200 years. Look out for the tell-tale cherries in June, which are edible but very bitter and quickly stripped from the tree by hungry birds.
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JOIN & GET INVOLVED
s g n i k oo B t n Eve
We would like to encourage our members to book events online. This helps us not only to monitor ticket sales more effectively, but also helps to manage our limited resource within our small office team. Of course if you would prefer not to book online you can telephone 483193 or call into the office between the hours of 9.00am to 5.00pm Monday to Friday.
Here’s a guide to booking events online:
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Log onto: www.nationaltrust.je/events
Select the event in the calendar you wish to attend
Scroll down the event brief until you reach the Tickets box
Insert the number of Tickets you want to buy – add to cart
Proceed to Checkout
Insert Billing details – name and address
Click on Proceed to PAYPAL (Even if you do not have a PayPal account you will be able to check out as a guest)
Choose to pay by PAYPAL Click your preferred option. If you select pay with debit or credit card the title will say PAYPAL GUEST CHECKOUT
Complete details and press PAY NOW
If you are already logged onto our website www.nationaltrust.je. Click on ENJOY on the navigation bar at the top of the screen, then click on EVENTS
september october Wednesday 12 September – Sunday 16 September
WALKING THROUGH AUTUMN FESTIVAL
As part of its ever expanding annual event programme, The National Trust for Jersey in partnership with Intertrust is organising a new walking festival staged over five days from 12th to 16th September. Members of the Trust and visitors to the Island can enjoy a series of walks taking place each day during the festival. There will be over 20 guided walks around the island from ‘Eastern Wanders’ in and around Grouville including a rare visit to Grouville Marsh and participants can enjoy parish walks, valley trails, low water walks, north coast paths, town trails, foraging and even forest bathing. Wildlife will be a main theme of the festival, other themes will include foraging. Throughout the festival families can also explore Hamptonne Woods, see the wonderful willow sculpture and learn about the life cycle of the Toad at their own leisure with a self-guided trail. Meeting Point: Various Time: 12 noon – 3pm Price: Free for Trust Members; £5 per walk for Non-Members See page 22-23 for further details Kindly supported by Intertrust
Saturday 5 October
Saturday 20 October
ADVANCED BREAD MAKING WORKSHOP
Meeting Point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 10am – 4pm Price: £3 Adults; £1 Children; Free for Trust Members and Under 6s See page 39 for further details
Thursday 18 October
CONCERT AT 16 NEW STREET – ENGLISH MUSIC FROM THE ROMANTIC PERIOD
Following the success of last year’s sellout concert at 16 New Street, the Trust has invited The Jersey Vocal Trust Singers to come and perform for us again in 2018. Tonight’s varied programme features songs written for piano and voice by English composers, including acclaimed Baroque composer Henry Purcell (16591695) and Roger Quilter (1877-1953), who is known for his elegant and lyrical melodies. Spaces are limited so early booking is advised to avoid disappointment. Proceeds shared between the National Trust for Jersey and The Jersey Vocal Trust Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: Doors open at 6.30pm; Concert starts at 7.00pm Price: £3 Adults; £1 Children; Free for Trust Members and Under 6s
Book tickets online for all our events by visiting www.nationaltrust.je/events
Meeting Point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 2pm – 6pm Price: £40 for Trust Members; £50 for Non-Members to include materials, a recipe pack, a bag of stoneground flour, a guided walk and refreshments. See page 37 for further details
Thursday 25 October to Saturday 27 October
BLACK BUTTER MAKING AT THE ELMS
Thursday 25 October – Embrace the community spirit as you participate in the ancient art of making Black Butter – peeling apples from 2 to 5pm at The Elms. Friday 26 October – Peeling will start again at 10am until late! Saturday 27 October – Market Day from 10am until 4pm. See page 30 for further details Kindly supported by JP Restaurants
29th and 30th October and 2nd and 3rd November
WOODLAND WANDERS – AFTER DARK
During half term join us for a wander in the woodland with a difference. Setting off at dusk, we will explore the sights and sounds of the woods as the sun goes down. Watch for bats, listen for birds and enjoy a hot chocolate in Le Moulin de Quetivel. Time: 4.30pm-6pm Price: Booking essential. FREE – Members £5 – Non-members
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Thursday 22 November, 29 November
LATE NIGHT SHOPPING AT 16 NEW STREET
Support the work of the Trust by purchasing your Christmas gifts at 16 New Street. All profits go towards the ongoing work of the Trust. Members are entitled to a 10% discount when they show their cards at the desk. Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 4pm – 8pm Price: Entry to the shop is free
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Saturday 24 November & Saturday 1 December
WINTER OPENING AT 16 NEW STREET
Step back in time and experience 16 New Street transformed for the festive season with boughs of holly, candles and traditional decorations. Admire the magnificent Christmas tree in the Victorian Club Room, visit the children’s nursery up in the attic and meet Louisa, the resident cook, who will be preparing some special festive treats for visitors to taste in the Georgian Kitchen. Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 10am – 4pm Price: £6.00 for Adults; £3.00 for Children; Free for Trust Members and Under 6s. No need to book.
Tuesday 27th November
CHRISTMAS DECORATION WORKSHOP TOMTE NISSE
Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 7pm – 9pm Price: £15 Trust Members; £20 NonMembers. Booking essential. See page 37 for further details
december Saturday 8 December, 15 December, 22 December
FATHER CHRISTMAS AT 16 NEW STREET
Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 10am – 4pm Price: £5 for Trust Members, £6 for Non-Members to include a gift - one adult admitted free of charge with every child
Tuesday 4 December Saturday 1 December
A LETTER TO FATHER CHRISTMAS – CHILDREN’S WORKSHOP AT 16 NEW STREET Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 10am – 11.15am Price: £10 for Trust Members; £12 for Non-Members See page 37 for further details
CHOCOLATE MAKING AT CHRISTMAS
Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 6.30pm to 8.30pm Price: £20 for Trust Members; £25 for Non-Members to include seasonal refreshments See page 37 for further details
Tickets for Father Christmas can be purchased at 16 New Street throughout December on Thursday evenings (4pm– 8pm) and Saturdays (10am– 4pm). Early booking is advised to avoid disappointment. See page 41 for further details
Thursday 6 December, 13 December, 20 December
LATE NIGHT SHOPPING AT 16 NEW STREET
Support the work of the Trust by purchasing your Christmas gifts at 16 New Street. All profits go towards the ongoing work of the Trust. Members are entitled to a 10% discount when they show their cards at the desk. Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 4pm – 8pm Price: Entry to the shop is free
Monday 3rd December
WREATH MAKING WORKSHOP
Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 6.30pm to 8.30pm Price: £45 Trust Members; £55 Non-Members to include seasonal refreshments See page 37 for further details
Book tickets online for all our events by visiting www.nationaltrust.je/events
Tuesday 11 December, 18 December
SILENT NIGHT AT 16 NEW STREET
As the nights draw in, experience 16 New Street in a totally unique way. Explore this magnificent Georgian building by candlelight and observe the servants and family members as they prepare for the festive period. Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 5.30pm, 6pm, 6.30pm and 7pm Price: £8 for Trust Members; £10 for Non-Members. Booking essential.
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Saturday 2nd February
WORLD WETLANDS DAY
Come along to The Wetland Centre to enjoy activities to mark World Wetlands Day. With guided walks around St. Ouen’s Pond and its environs, talks and guidance from bird-watching experts and crafts and games for children in the classroom, there will be something for everyone. Meeting Point: Wetland Centre, St. Ouen Time: 1pm - 4pm Price: Free
Friday 22 February
PETER RABBIT AND FRIENDS AT 16 NEW STREET Tuesday 1st January 2019
THE TURKEY BUSTER WALK
Join your guide Bob Tompkins on a wonderful winter walk on New Year’s Day to brush off the Christmas ‘blues’ and lose a few calories in the process! No need to pre-book, just turn up and enjoy a tot of sloe gin in the process! Meeting Point: Meeting point and location of the walk to be published in due course on the National Trust website and social media pages. For more information call 483193. Time: 12 noon Duration: Approximately 2 hours Price: Minimum donation of £2 towards the Coastline Campaign
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To commemorate World Book Day, the Trust has decorated the rooms of 16 New Street to resemble sets from Beatrix Potter’s famous tales. Meet Mr McGregor in the garden, Mrs Tiggy Winkle in the kitchen – and discover the mess the Two Bad Mice have made in the attic! Activities on the day include storytelling throughout the house, a small exhibition about the life and work of Beatrix Potter, a themed quiz and a hunt for white rabbits. Come dressed as your favourite character. Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 10am - 4pm Price: £6 for Adults; £3 for Children; Trust Members and Under 6s Free. No need to book.
Book tickets online for all our events by visiting www.nationaltrust.je/events
The Perfect Gift If you like what you have seen in this edition of our Discover Magazine, and you are not a member of The National Trust for Jersey, then we would love you to join us, alternatively you may like to consider buying a Gift Membership which could provide a friend or relative with a passport to heritage places and landscapes worldwide. A gift membership offers so much more for the individual, couple or family: • Free entry to all Trust sites in Jersey : Le Moulin de Quétival, Hamptonne, the Georgian House at 16 New Street and the Wetland Centre • Free entry to over 300 National Trust properties and gardens in the UK •
• Free entry to National Trust properties in other countries: These include Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Canada, Cayman Islands, Fiji, Guernsey, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Malta, New Zealand and Zimbabwe • Enjoy a diverse range of events, many exclusive to members
For as little as £30 per year for a single adult or £70 for a family of two and up to three children you can give a gift that will last the whole year, and at the same time help to safeguard Jersey’s natural beauty and historic buildings for everyone to enjoy.
• Reduced rates for the hire of certain properties: Discover Le Câtel Fort above Grève de Lecq, le Don Hilton in St Ouen’s Bay and the Georgian House at 16 New Street, St Helier
The gift of a National Trust for Jersey membership can help your friends and family Discover, Enjoy and Protect, what makes Jersey Special. Gift membership boxes are available to purchase from our shop at 16 New Street and from The Elms in St Mary.
• Two Membership magazines a year detailing the events diary
The National Trust for Jersey Memberships are only available to Jersey Residents
• Access to the walled garden at The Elms • Discounts: 10% discount in the Trust’s gift shop at 16 New Street
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THE MAGAZINE OF THE NATIONAL TRUST FOR JERSEY
Get in touch. We would love to hear your questions, comments and ideas. The National Trust for Jersey The Elms La Chève Rue St Mary Jersey JE3 3EN Telephone 01534 483193 firstname.lastname@example.org
MAKING IT HAPPEN DESIGN & PRODUCTION TEAM The Idea Works Limited Regency House Regent Road St Helier Jersey JE2 4UZ Telephone 01534 755400 email@example.com
The National Trust for Jersey: Sarah Hill, Charles Alluto, Donna Le Marrec, Catherine Ward, Jon Parkes, Jon Rault, Jo Stansfield, Cris Sellarés, Sue Le Gallais, Andy Sibcy, John Young, Arthur Lamy, Dominic Jones, Ian Rolls.
Credits to: John Overnden, Romano da Costa, Visit Jersey, The Jersey Evening Post, Gina Socrates, John Rault, Barry Wells, Société Jersiaise. © 2018 – Discover Magazine is published by The National Trust for Jersey. The publisher, editor and authors accept no responsibility in respect of any errors, omissions, misstatements, mistakes or references. Correct at the time of print September 2018
Discover is printed using only paper from FSC/ PEFC suppliers from well managed forests. This magazine can be recycled and we encourage you to do so at your recycling point. Passing the magazine onto a friend counts as recycling too.
The magazine of The National Trust for Jersey.