Discover Magazine | Autumn 2017

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In this issue P4


Charles Alluto, CEO





DISCOVER HISTORIC BUILDINGS The Foot Buildings a new chapter





The Toad Trail






Living in a National Trust Property


MEET YOUR GUIDE Stefan Rousseau – Cinematographer




Christopher Scholefield


P32 P32



Black Butter Making



Meet Georgina Malet de Carteret New President of the National Trust for Jersey


BRINGING HISTORY TO LIFE Christmas at 16 New Street



Barn Owls and Activities for Kids





Jersey Water's Desalination Plant



Membership Reciprocal Agreements The Isle of Man








View point t the very heart of Jersey’s fledgling National Park, lies the windswept and wildly beautiful landscape of St Ouen’s Bay. Having been threatened with post-war housing development and the ignominy of refuse dumping, the bay has miraculously survived intact and remained largely unscathed, despite some inappropriate development. Indeed it has enormously benefited from the pioneering restoration and conservation work of the Environment Department in the 1980s, closely followed by the campaigning efforts of our own organisation.

Time after time the unique qualities of St Ouen’s Bay have been recognised and special planning policies adopted to afford it additional protection. Beginning with the St Ouen’s Bay Development Plan of 1968, this was closely followed by its recognition as a “special place” in 1978, and then its very own planning framework spearheaded by the Les Mielles Sub-Committee in 1999. Thereafter it transformed into a Zone of Outstanding Character in 2002, before finally becoming part of the National Park. All of those plans have secured wins and losses to varying degrees, but the single failure that is common to all is that none have managed to deliver an integrated management plan for the bay.

Nearly 50 years have elapsed and the management plan remains as elusive as ever. As a result our coastal strip continues to be degraded, piecemeal development continues without any holistic vision or design framework, interpretation and signage are fragmented and on occasion unsightly, mineral extraction continues and parking policies are so inconsistent that there is real risk that our coastal landscape enjoyed by so many could suffer for the benefit of so few. No one can deny St Ouen’s Bay is special. It is the largest open coastal space in our Island and has an unsurpassable richness of ecology, archaeology, and recreational opportunities, but above all natural beauty. An integrated management plan is absolutely crucial to its future and our States chamber needs to carefully consider why Jersey’s government has been able to repeatedly adopt a recommendation over a 50 year period, but still not deliver the necessary outcome. St Ouen’s Bay is an asset for our Island on so many levels, but it requires investment, care and appropriate management. The time has surely come for the States of Jersey to deliver on its promise and provide a shared vision which celebrates and protects the natural wilderness that pervades our west coast.

Charles Alluto




in the news The Elms lawn to wildflower meadow... one year on t’s been almost a year since we decided to transform The Elms lawn into a wildflower meadow with the help of a group of volunteers from The Prince’s Trust. The tired old turf and some of the top soil was stripped in order to remove the moss and broad leaved grasses, such as Yorkshire Fog. If left these would have quickly out-competed the fine leaved shorter grasses and flowers, that we were planning to sow as part of the meadow restoration. Fortunately all the hard work has paid dividends, and together with a good helping of rain and sunshine, the lawn had been transformed into a beautiful meadow providing a valuable source of nectar and pollen for insects, including Red-tailed bumblebees and Common Blue butterflies.


Most of the perennial plants will take another year to develop but Ox-eye Daisies have already made an appearance, together with patches of Red Clover, Bird’s Foot Trefoil, Common Vetch and some annual Poppies. Of course you may not have room for a wildflower meadow, but why not consider leaving a patch of your lawn to grow wild. It will be a valuable habitat within a short period of time and you never know what plants or insects might decide to take up residence. For more information see and uk/wildflower_garden/mynomow/

Replacement Doors and gates Always up for a challenge our industrious and creative Properties Team, Ernie Le Brun and Tony Gray, set about co-ordinating replacement wooden gates for Morel Farm and renovating the existing door at Victoria Tower.


On close inspection of the entrance gates at Morel Farm, which had been constructed by the Trust over a quarter of a century ago, it was found they were suffering from severe rot in many areas and a decision was made to replace them with exact replicas. A tender schedule was drawn up and three local joinery manufacturers invited to quote for supply and fitting of new gates. All three contractors submitted tenders with Trinity Joinery being selected on the basis of a competitive quotation. The existing gates were taken down and removed to Trinity workshop in St Peter. This was a very heavy job requiring assistance of the Properties Team and


Unfortunately the heavy, defensive door for Jersey’s only moated round tower was beginning to play up and upon investigation it was apparent that the door timbers were suffering from rot and the bottom pivot hinge had also completely rusted. With a wedding booked at Victoria Tower in July, the Properties Team were faced with a tight and non-moveable deadline for the repairs to be carried out. It quickly became apparent that the door could not be repaired in situ and would need to come to The Elms for total refurbishment. Being over six inches thick and located across a moat, presented a substantial logistical challenge. Even before any removal or lifting could take place, the bridge over the moat had to be supported by heavy timbers, to ensure that it was capable of taking the weight. Then five able bodied volunteers from both the Properties and Lands teams were needed to lift the door off its hinges and onto a small trolley to be rolled over the bridge, before finally being lifted onto the Trust’s lorry.

several Trinity Joinery employees to lift the gates onto our truck! The framework for the gates has been constructed of European Oak, with British Columbian Pine being used for the tongue and grooved face boards. Because of the size the fitting of the new gates required a huge amount of effort and patience as the gates had to be put up and then taken down a few times to make adjustments and ensure they closed properly. The last task before decoration was the fitting of 120 metal bolt heads to the face of the gates. The decoration was carried out by B Scanlon Decorators, using a traditional shade of green, which can be found on many Jersey farm complexes including our very own Brook Farm and Les Cotils Farm.

Once back at the workshop the door was carefully cleaned back and dismantled. This was challenging in itself as the whole structure was held together with large steel nails, all of which were very rusty. The metalwork was also removed and taken to Stephen Rylance for refurbishment and replication where necessary. Once apart, each section of the door was thoroughly stripped back and duly repaired, using 100 year old timber recovered from an old warehouse next to the Grand Hotel. Pieces were skilfully scarfed onto the original boards, where rotten areas had to be removed. Finally the door was reassembled before being transported to the Tower for re-hanging on the newly refurbished ironmongery. This necessitated the Tower becoming a temporary workshop, with all the works being completed just two days before the wedding. A small piece of the original timber was then duly carved with the initials of the bride and groom, providing them with a truly unique gift for their wedding day.



Thank you for your support.

he Trust has been very busy over the summer with a varied range of events which we hope you have enjoyed and hopefully managed to attend at least one or two. Our events not only provide the opportunity for our members and the general public to discover more about the National Trust and our Island as a whole, but also generate much needed income through ticket sales and donations.

and hidden away bays, which have been beautifully described and illustrated in Robin Pittman’s book “30 Bays in 30 Days”. As we go to press we are still waiting for the final figures for registrations and sponsorships, but indications are that we will at least match last year’s total of £14,000, which will be split equally between both charities.

One of our biggest fund raisers is the Sunset Concerts kindly supported by Ashburton Investments. With their generous support we were able to host two amazing musical events in June, raising just under £10,000 for our Coastline Campaign. A big thank you must also go to all our volunteers who helped out, as well as St Ouen’s Honorary Police and St John’s Ambulance, who provided invaluable assistance

Thank you to all of our community partners who helped with this event, including Network Insurance, The Jersey Aquatic Rescue Club, the RNLI, Les Mourier Swim Sea Save, The Potting Shed and Gina Socrates.

In July we teamed up for the second year with Jersey Hospice Care to run the 30 Bays in 30 Days swimming initiative. Once again we received significant support and we really hope all the participants enjoyed visiting some of those less visited

Finally in August Groove de Lecq took place which raised £10,000 for our Coastline Campaign. This wonderful community event which was partially hosted at the Barracks, continues to go from strength to strength and we are enormously grateful to Beth Gallichan and all her team for their considerable efforts in successfully raising such a significant sum.

Royal Patronage

Membership Payment by Direct Debit

In July we were delighted to receive a letter from Clarence House, London SW1 to advise us that His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales had decided to extend his Patronage of the National Trust for Jersey for a further five year term until July 2022. This is an extreme honour as His Royal Highness can only realistically maintain a limited number of positions of this nature at a given time.

Following a recent review of our membership subscriptions it has been decided to simplify and standardise our membership rates. Going forward the same rate will be charged irrespective of the payment method; direct debit, cheque, cash or credit/debit card.


For existing members who renew by Direct Debit an advice will be issued notifying that their subscriptions will increase slightly to come into line with the standardisation of membership rates from January 2018.

Student over 16 in full time education £15 Adult Single £30 Adult Joint £60 Family Single 1 adult + up to 3 children £40 Family Joint – 2 adults + up to 3 children £70

Chris Addy, Sites Curator at Jersey Heritage provides an update on the refurbishment of Syvret House, Hamptonne. y the time that the restoration of Hamptonne had been completed in the mid-1990s, the Hamptonne and Langlois Houses had been furnished and dressed in order to portray occupied 17th and 18th century interiors, the selection of eras being made on the basis of surviving architectural features. Whilst the layout of Syvret House had been reverted to its original 19th century appearance, with a kitchen and parlour downstairs and two bedrooms above, a number of important tasks remained in order to bring the building into the interpretative realm of the others. These tasks fall into two areas, building works and interpretation. With regard to the former, the exposed masonry of the kitchen (Room 1) walls requires rendering in lime plaster and painting with limewash, whilst the missing cupboards that were originally either side of the chimney breast, the joinery around the windows and skirting boards need to be reinstated. The design of these features will both draw upon the

evidence available on site, and reference comparable features in historic Jersey properties. Plasterboard on the stud walls of the staircase, landing areas and in Room 3 (bedroom) will be removed and replaced with traditional lath and lime plaster. The missing timber partition wall of the cabinet in Room 3, as documented in Warwick Rodwell’s archaeological report, will also be replaced and finished in the same manner. Once the temporary exhibitions on both floors have been taken down and surfaces are made good, paint finishes, floor and wall coverings can be applied. Rather than providing an interpretation of the house contemporary with its construction, visitors to Syvret House will have a window into rural life in the years following the German Occupation. Community oral history and photographic research will inform the selection of fittings, decoration, objects and furniture, with many items being drawn from the Jersey Heritage

collection. In terms of fittings, a cast iron 19th century Grandin range will be reinstated in the kitchen fireplace, as used in most farmhouses before being superseded by the Aga, gas or electric cookers in the late 1940s or early ‘50s. Period surface-mounted electrical cabling will run from Bakelite or ceramic light switches to single pendants in each room, replacing the track lighting currently in situ. The physical contents of the rooms will be enhanced by audio content, running from discrete speakers hidden within objects or furnishings. The audio script will, in the manner of casual conversation, share domestic stories, reflect on the Occupation and offer insights into farming traditions at a time of great change. As is the case with the new Hamptonne playground, we hope that this sympathetic and considered scheme will further enhance the visitor experience of the site across the age ranges.



The Foot Buildings... Restoration of


hen Paul Drury was commissioned in September 2004 to undertake an analysis of the architectural significance and historic importance of the Pitt Street and Dumaresq Street buildings, he summarised their value to both St Helier and the Island:-

The group as a whole provides perhaps the best surviving example of early-mid 18th century townscape in St Helier, as well as demonstrating the change of style and scale of urban building which took place early in the 19th century….Appropriately repaired and brought back into use, they have the potential to make a major contribution to the character, appearance and amenity of St Helier. Without doubt the external appearance of the buildings and in particular ‘His Master’s Voice’ logo, featuring Nipper the dog, has always struck resonance with the general public. It is with this in mind that Steph Newington and John Bates, both traditional signwriter artists, have been commissioned to restore the ‘His Masters Voice’ logo to its former glory. This is being done on behalf of the Channel Islands Co-operative Society, who are generously funding the restoration as part of their Percentage for Art contribution. Steph has been a traditional signwriter for 31 years and John, who is now “officially retired” has been signwriting for 62 years, initially through his own 10 | D I S C O V E R

business and thereafter as an employee of the Co-op. Indeed it was his former colleagues, Alan Smith MBE and Colin Macleod, who recommended that John should be involved in the project. With 93 years experience between them, no one could argue that they are not well qualified to take on the job. We asked Steph and John to explain to us, how they planned approaching and undertaking the restoration. They advised that the first step is to produce a hand drawn scale drawing of the image or logo that can be discussed and approved by the client. Once the client has given the go-ahead, a full sized drawing is designed, which can take some time to ensure that the appropriate scale and colour match is achieved.

original logo featuring in the centre of original 78 vinyl records as well as from old photographs traditional signwriter enamels will be used, these are ground finer than normal paints and are oil based. Speciality pigments are blended to create “true colours” and retarders added to help with the drying and flow of the paint. Both Steph and John will be responsible for matching and mixing the colours. Once the chalk outline has been completed and the colours matched, the work will begin in earnest. The starting point will be to complete the background colours, followed by the centre of the logo, and then Nipper the dog. The lettering will be the final stage to be completed.

Meanwhile the wall itself needs to be carefully prepared to remove any of the flaking paint, before a new coat of smooth masonry paint is applied to give a clean surface.

John and Steph advise us that the restoration of the logo will take up to four weeks from start to finish depending on the weather conditions.

Steph explained that in order to transfer the full size image onto the wall a process called “chalking” is used. This is a process whereby you chalk the back of the drawing and secure this to the wall and run over the image to leave the chalk outline. “Snap” chalk lines help to ensure the correct positioning, and a visual check is taken before any design work or sign writing is undertaken. John told us that the style of lettering and colours will be based on the

From photographic evidence held at the Société Jersiaise, it would appear that Anderson Decorators completed the original sign in 1916. It is hoped that the renovation of the sign will commence in October, just over a 100 years later. Both Steph and John are very much looking forward to following and documenting the traditional process, and hope that once completed their logo will also stand the test of time and be in place for at least another century. D I S C O V E R | 11


The Foot Buildings...


espite their derelict appearance, the Foot Buildings have retained a remarkable amount of original internal joinery and architectural detail, as well as period finishes including graining, marbling and period wallpapers. Great care has been taken to retain the period joinery, with windows, cupboard doors, architraves, skirting and shop fittings being skilfully removed by the Trust’s joiners to be cleaned and repaired at our workshops at The Elms, before being returned and reinstated. Period finishes and fittings, including one beautiful marble fireplace have been protected during the works, but unfortunately much of the wallpaper has had to be removed to enable lath and plaster walls to be repaired. However, all the wallpapers have been photographed and samples deposited with the Jersey Archive so that a comprehensive historic record can be maintained. When considering the new decorative finishes for the 3 apartments, it was wonderful to have such a rich record to inspire the overall schemes. It was also quickly apparent that whereas No 4 had been decorated in a relatively simple and yet charming manner, greater effort had been made for No 6, with marbling, graining and relatively expensive wallpapers.

Image courtesy of deVOL Kitchens

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Conscious of the fact that the buildings were going be rented out for residential accommodation, Interior Designer, Sue Harris, was briefed to provide a scheme which paid homage to the buildings past, whilst still being feasible and practical for their new usage.

It was agreed that each apartment would have one range of colours and these would reflect the greys and stone colours that were already evident in each building. Walls, ceilings and joinery would have slightly different shades but all from the same palette thereby ensuring that they were complimentary and easy on the eye. Also a small number of rooms would be wallpapered in a similar style to the period wallpapers that had been found in situ. Annie Martland, who undertook the extensive graining at No 16 New Street, was also consulted, regarding the restoration and repair of the grained doors and windows, as well as the marbled fire surrounds. Shaker style kitchens were sourced from DeVol, with a bold range of colours ranging from Old Rose to Pantry Blue, to add a distinctive quality as well as a degree of modernity. These will be complimented by handcrafted metro tiles in shades of clay, jasmine and nougat. The architectural consultant for the project, Antony Gibb, was keen for light fittings to be minimal with “wall washes” to throw light on particular focal points.

The greater emphasis will be on the use of standard lamps to avoid the strong lighting that can emanate from down lighters. Traditional style Bakelite light switches will also be used in the hallways to replace the damaged ones that were found on site. Soft furnishings are still to be agreed but roman blinds and plain curtains made of printed linens and cottons will be used to complement the period simplicity of the overall scheme. Externally it is intended that the walls will be painted a stone colour, with the window box frames and rain water goods of Nos 5 & 6 being “Inchara” blue, which will be further deepened in shade for the shopfronts. Meanwhile the brick façade of No 4 will be restored, with the sashes and box frames in an off white and the shop front a deep shade of red/aubergine. Above all it is hoped that whilst the decorative schemes will reflect and be complementary to the buildings history and period finishes, they will also have a new vitality and creativity to reflect the current restoration project and a new chapter in the life of these much loved buildings. D I S C O V E R | 13


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Ella and Drew Locke recently returned to Jersey to set up their own café, and were looking for a character building within St Helier to establish their new business. Cedric Bird from Jersey Business put them in touch with the National Trust and after viewing 5 & 6 Pitt Street, they set their heart on the Foot Buildings.

the award wining café Flotsam and Jetsam in Wandsworth. This provided the perfect opportunity to develop and refine my barista skills, and gain an in-depth understanding of all things coffee.

With the renovation works due to be completed in February 2018, it is hoped that Locke’s café will be up and running by the following May. In the meantime we met up with Ella and Drew to talk about their plans.

E + D: When we heard about the Foot Buildings and the plans that the National Trust for Jersey had for its restoration, we knew it was a project that we wanted to be involved in. As the National Trust for Jersey campaigned for 10 years to secure the future of the Foot Buildings, we fully understand the importance of preserving the buildings rich history. We aim to incorporate the historic features, whilst bringing the building into the 21st Century with a modern and stylish design. We will cherish and celebrate the buildings' history whilst giving it a new lease of life and a new purpose with Locke’s.

WHY HAVE YOU BOTH RETURNED TO JERSEY? E + D: Having both travelled a lot and lived in various cities we knew that one day we would return and call Jersey our home. It is a beautiful island and offers us a great quality of life surrounded by family and friends. We believe it is the best place to start our first business together, where we can bring something fresh and exciting to the Island.

CAN YOU TELL US SOMETHING ABOUT YOURSELVES? E: I was born and raised in Jersey and hold a BSc in Sports and Physical Education and a Post Graduate Certificate in Education. Travelling has always been a big passion of mine which led me to teach in such places as Australia and London. Within this time I developed a keen interest in the café culture. After meeting Drew, it soon became apparent that our shared ambition was to open a café of our own, and so we decided to gain as much experience in the food industry as possible. Most recently I was employed by The Mae Deli in London, which was set up by ‘Deliciously Ella’, a famous health food blogger and best selling author. Working my way up to a Manager's role was an invaluable experience for me. Undoubtedly it was challenging at times and a lot of hard work, but equally it was very exciting and an incredible learning curve. D: My parents have successfully owned and managed pubs, one of which I grew up in, and so you could say hospitality runs in my blood. I played professional rugby for 9 years, including 2 years at Jersey Reds. This is something I am very proud of and I feel fortunate to have played for Jersey as it led me to meeting Ella. Since retiring from rugby, I have developed a passion for specialty coffee and I joined


WHAT STYLE ARE YOU HOPING TO CREATE IN OUR CAFÉ? E : Locke’s wants to be a part of people’s everyday lives. We will aspire to be a fun place within a beautifully stylish setting, serving fresh, seasonal food, in a social environment for everyone to enjoy. We want to celebrate and promote ‘field to fork’ Island life whilst bringing creative unique flavour combinations. D: We are really excited to be teaming up with ‘Extract’ coffee roasters based in Bristol to provide great tasting, ethically sourced specialty coffee. We will be offering espresso-based drinks, alongside our manual and batch brews.

HOW DO YOU SEE YOUR RELATIONSHIP DEVELOPING WITH THE TRUST AND ITS MEMBERS? E + D: We are both super excited to be partnering up with the National Trust for Jersey and are both very thankful to be given this rare opportunity. Undoubtedly using part of the Foot Buildings as a functioning café present some interesting challenges, but everyone has been helpful in trying to find solutions. We are looking forward to supporting and collaborating with the Trust’s events team and have also discussed the idea of a member’s discount. We hope to make Locke’s an integral part of the community and Island life, as well as raise awareness of the important work of the Trust. D I S C O V E R | 15


How to create a species rich grassland‌

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By Jon Parkes, Lands Manager

uly 2016 saw the official opening of Plémont headland and for the first time in over 140 years (before the original “Plémont Hotel” was built in 1874) the public have been free to enjoy this special place. Creating and protecting “green space” for people has been at the heart of the Plémont debate and indeed forms a very important part of the Trust’s ethos. But ensuring that nature has a home is also a vital component of what we do and there has never been a time when action has been so desperately needed.


In 2015 the Environment Department published the results of the Jersey Butterfly Monitoring Scheme, which had entailed 10 years of collecting data across 38 sites by a team of dedicated volunteers. The results suggest that whilst Jersey’s butterflies might be faring slightly better to those in the UK, the population has still decreased by 14%, (compared to 29% in the UK). Interestingly Jersey’s butterfly population is doing best in semi-natural sites as opposed to those in agricultural or urban habitats where they are declining. In fact the Green Hairstreak is one species that is doing particularly well and has been recorded as increasing by 458% in the last 10 years as opposed to suffering a 40% decrease in the UK. This could be seen as a strong indication of the importance of managed semi-natural sites such as Plémont.


The creation of two ponds at Plémont was eagerly anticipated by the local Toad and Palmate Newt population, who were literally queuing up to jump in upon their completion. For two consecutive years the smaller Eastern Pond has been used by both species to breed. This year, the larger Western Pond has seen a whole new generation of toadlets emerge after metamorphosing from their tadpole stage. Despite the amphibian successes, both ponds have experienced teething problems and most noticeably the appearance of the lime green algal blooms. Spirogyra is a family of around 400 species of filamentous algae that is commonly found in freshwater and is indicative of clean water that unfortunately has high concentrations of phosphates and nitrates. It can be easily removed, but in doing so there is a risk that you might jeopardise any invertebrate life or tadpoles that would become encapsulated amongst the tiny strands of algae. Another challenge the ponds face is the loss of water through evaporation, due to their exposed location. Whilst this can be addressed by topping up the water levels from a well, this could result in the introduction of more nutrients, which in turn could cause more algae. The proposed solution is to encourage more oxygenating plants and remove the algae once the toads have emerged from the water, thereby decreasing the level of nutrients over time. Hopefully equilibrium will be reached, the water quality will improve and we will simply have to accept that the water levels will

drop in the summer months. As long as there is water during the amphibian’s breeding period (February – June) the pond is serving its purpose and will act much like any other natural pond without a constant water inflow.


Back in the spring of 2015 members may remember the huge mounds of sandy soil which were spread over the footprint of the demolished buildings. Over 7,000 tonnes of soil, sourced both from Les Quennevais and La Collette, was used to form the base of what we now refer to as the restoration area. To create a heathland, such as Les Landes, we would ideally need a free draining sandy soil with a low pH (pH 5-6 ideally) and low nutrient levels. It is much easier to maintain a species-rich wild flower habitat when there are fewer nutrients in the soil, as if you add fertiliser (or compost or a lot of manure) to the soil, a small number of competitive and more vigorous plants are able to rapidly exploit these extra nutrients. These species, such as nettle and dock, then tend to become dominant and other plants are less able to compete for space. On another level most plants rely on a relationship with fungi and soil micro-organisms in order to grow. Unfortunately fertilisers can have a negative impact on these organisms, thus making it more difficult for the less vigorous plants, which rely more heavily on this relationship to succeed. Given the tight timescale and quantity of soil required, our choices were very limited. However, the mix from La Collette and Les Quennevais did deliver low nutrient levels. For example, the amount of available phosphorus is D I S C O V E R | 17


currently between 8.8 and 25.8 mg/l with a “P index” of 0-3, compared to a recently tested former agricultural field which showed levels of available phosphorus at between 66.2 and 153.4mg/l giving a “P index” of between 4 and 7. On the downside the average pH is between 8.5 and 8.9. This is unlikely to change without any intervention due to the amount of concrete based material and dust that lies underneath the layer of imported calcareous sand. This June our Conservation Officer, Jon Rault, assisted by the very knowledgeable local botanist Anne Haden, undertook a vegetation survey to assess how things have developed over the last few years. Around 50 plant species have so far been recorded including: Wild Carrot, Toad Rush, Birds-foot-trefoil and Smallflowered catchfly. Maritime duneland plants such as Fragrant Evening-primrose, Sea Beet and Sea Radish have appeared, but this is not so surprising considering that some of the soil has originated from the former Les Quennevais dunelands. Some more invasive plants such as the non-native Cape Cudweed and Spotted Medick, have become quite well established, as well as more exotic species including Echium and Californian Poppy, which are likely to be remnants of the holiday camp era. The vegetation survey to date, indicates that the soil choice was a relatively good one. Whilst our soil pH is much higher than we would have ideally liked, this can be changed relatively easily by adding sulphur, an expensive but affective way of raising acidity. Whereas high soil fertility is much more of a problem with no “magic cure”. The decision on whether to try to acidify our soil in the effort to meet our original vision of creating a heathland is not one that needs to be made straight away. Although, the addition of calcareous grassland to our north coast may be something of an oddity, it also has an important value by adding heterogeneity to the landscape and our overall biodiversity. Further decisions will be required in the future but whilst wildlife and people are clearly making good use of the site, we have already achieved a good part of what we set out to do.

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ust two years on since the demolition works were completed, the site of the former Plémont holiday village is already home to a wonderful array of flowering plants. By providing essential food resources in the form of pollen and nectar, these colourful flowers attract a diverse community of pollinating insects throughout the summer season. Among the most striking of the many insect species that have taken up residence at Plémont is the Green Hairstreak Butterfly (Callophrys rubi). Being the only Jersey butterfly with an iridescent green underside to its wings, both males and females are unmistakable. A closer look reveals the black oval eye, ringed by white and black bands with hairy fringes, characters that give this butterfly its generic name of Callophrys, which is Greek for ‘beautiful eyebrow’.

These butterflies appear sometime around mid to late April, with numbers peaking in May and June. They are charming to watch and make for excellent photography subjects, invariably sitting with wings closed and the stunning iridescent green colouration on display. While perched in this way the butterflies are able to adjust their body temperature by leaning sideways to catch the sun’s rays. Being highly territorial, males will perch for long periods on a prominent shrub, from which they launch in to the air to investigate insects as they fly past. Should another male Green Hairstreak enter the territory, a ferocious battle will ensue. Females are rather elusive and are most likely to be seen when laying eggs. The green and yellow caterpillars, which hatch out of the eggs after a week or two, are known to use a wide range of plant species as food plants, including Gorse, Broom, Bramble, Common Bird’s-foot Trefoil as well as various vetches. By August the caterpillars are fully grown and will begin to search for somewhere to pupate. Like many members of the Lycanidae family, this species has an intimate relationship with ants. The ants act as bodyguards, providing protection in return for a

nutritious, sugary secretion produced by the pupa (chrysalis). In addition to the sweet reward, the ants also seem to be attracted to the pupa’s loud ‘singing’, which is clearly audible to the human ear as a series of squeaks. Pupae are known to spend the winter hibernating inside ant nests, presumably taken there by the ants themselves, before emerging as adult butterflies the following spring. While the Green Hairstreak has a wide distribution, being found from North Africa right up to Northern Scandinavia, in Britain it is known to be a highly localised species that unfortunately appears to be in steady decline. The loss of populations across Britain has been linked to the destruction and deterioration of its favoured habitats: warm open grassland, heathland and moorland containing patches of scrub. Its status in Jersey is somewhat unclear, as, while it appears to be doing very well in its stronghold in the North West corner of the Island, there is concern that this area could represent its last major refuge. Thanks to the incredible support of the people of Jersey we have been able to restore the Plémont headland, thereby greatly increasing the area of suitable habitat for this beautiful and fascinating insect.

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atlantic puffin

The Trust commissioned Piers Sangan, to undertake a survey of the puffin population at Plémont. Here he reveals his initial findings and results.


he Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arctica) is an iconic and much loved seabird occurring in the Channel Islands. The colonies breeding in Jersey and the other Channel Islands belong to the English Channel or French-Atlantic subpopulation and as such are one of the southernmost populations of the species worldwide. Despite being well recognised and their image used for many promotional and advertising products, including Channel TV, the reality is that we know very little about puffins in Jersey. Over the years assumptions have been made that the species has more or less become extinct with no viable breeding birds left and that numbers have been continuing to decline in line with global population trends. The National Trust for Jersey therefore decided to commission some initial survey work to establish some baseline data for Puffins in Jersey and to better understand the current population and the challenges it is facing. We were tasked with addressing three key issues. • Collate all historic data and records relating to puffins in Jersey • Establish baseline data for current population • Establish whether any puffins are breeding in Jersey and if so the location of nests 20 | D I S C O V E R

To start this investigation we reviewed all the historic records of Puffins in Jersey. Some of the earliest records were in Dobson’s book ‘The Birds of the Channel Islands’ which recorded a population of 200-300 birds between 1911 and 1914. However, it also notes a dramatic population crash in 1915 to only 20 pairs. Unfortunately no further data was formally recorded until 1998 when the Ornithology Section, of the Société Jersiaise, began keeping records of the number of birds seen. Thereafter numbers have varied from 32 birds down to only two individuals in 2015. This may not be be the whole picture, as the data collected by the Ornithology Section only shows the peak count of birds seen on any one day over the year, and is therefore dependent on when and how many times the area is visited. As such it is not possible to say with great accuracy what the exact population of Jersey birds are from this historic data, although it is an immensely valuable indicator. To try and address this issue and collect more detailed information we undertook point count surveys from various points along the coast from Plémont to Grève de Lecq as this was identified as the primary spot from the historic data. Surveys comprised dawn and dusk surveys each week over a

seven week period from May. On each survey peak numbers were recorded as well as location and behaviour. We also collected sightings from local birdwatchers to supplement the data. The results have now been collated the good news is that Puffins are not extinct in Jersey and they are nesting in crevices along the cliffs in the same way that the Northern populations do where there is no suitable ground to burrow into. The Islands 2017 population is 8 individuals forming 4 pairs of varying age including 1 pair that appeared to be a first year breeding pair based on behaviour. The latter is great news as this shows that the population is still recruiting new birds. The results get better as 3 of the pairs are believed to have bred successfully. This has been identified by sightings of both parent birds returning to the nests with food, indicating an egg has been laid and hatched. However, it is not possible to determine if the chicks have fledged successfully as they leave their nests at night and fly out to sea. Food supply did not appear to be a problem for these adult birds as they were often seen collecting small fish from the base of the cliffs before flying back up to the nest site. From all accounts these are the first documented records of puffins actually breeding on Jersey as actual breeding


success has never been recorded before. Valuable sightings from local birdwatchers also gave us a peak count of 16 birds in June. This high count was likely due to the storms from earlier in the week that had blown a few non-breeding birds into the area. It is encouraging to know that these extra birds did venture up onto the cliffs to investigate and prospect, as who knows they may return next year to breed. Because of the small size of the population it is very difficult to determine how the population has fluctuated over the past 20 years and as demonstrated this year it is very easy for the population to appear to double in size or crash

depending on when people visit to count. It is highly likely that the population has been relatively stable for many years as their nesting locations are away from the majority of disturbance from people and inaccessible to predators. Only by undertaking season long surveys can we build a true picture of the population of Jersey puffins and it will be important to continue to undertake systematic surveys in future years to continue to monitor this charismatic bird and to help inform future management proposals which could hopefully help increase and support the number of birds breeding in the Island.


National Trust Kite Flying Event he skies over PlĂŠmont were filled with kites on Saturday 22 July as the National Trust kite flying event returned once again, this year kindly sponsored by Intertrust. The free event was open to everyone, and despite early rain and wind many people came along to make and fly kites in this special place with its wonderful views of the other Channel Islands. Bill and Julie Souten, who run the Midlands Kite Flying Club, came over especially for the occasion. Bill is one of the most experienced kite flyers in the UK and he shared his experience and tips on flying kites of all kinds.

Children’s entertainer Allan Gardner entertained as 'Skyman' and children went on self-guided nature trails and bug safaris throughout the afternoon. Intertrust's managing director Simon Mackenzie said: "The National Trust kite flying event is enjoyed by many in Jersey and we're delighted to have sponsored it this year. At Intertrust we have a community focus on youth and education and this is certainly an event that not only ties in with those themes, but also contributes to protecting Jersey's environment while bringing people together for a fun afternoon.�

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the toad trail

In 2011 The National Trust was able to acquire an extensive area of woodland and meadow land immediately adjacent to Hamptonne Country Life Museum. Purchased in memory of the late Richard Sinkins, it has enabled the Trust to not only further protect the setting of Hamptonne, but also create a new footpath to link up and consolidate the existing trails within Waterworks Valley, including the Millennium path. With the intention of further enhancing the educational value and overall appeal of the site, the Trust commissioned Michelle Cain, an environmental artist, to design a sculpture trail along the footpath. She was ably assisted in this task by Jersey’s very own willow expert, Alcindo Pinto, as well as the Trust’s Senior Ranger, Neil Harvey.

Sculpture trail project


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Artist Sketches

THE TRAiL Alcindo Pinto explains why he enjoys working with willow and tells us a little bit more about varieties used for the sculpture trail project… I love the flexibility of willow and the curves you can make with it. It feels good in your hands and will do most things you need it to. It grows very quickly and there are many different colours and different types. Willow rods can be split easily all the way along their length or the bark peeled off in strips and used for string or decorations. Most of all I love how exciting it is to grow including its ability to almost resurrect itself. It is incredible that if you leave some cut willow somewhere damp and not even touching the ground, it will make roots that eventually stretch down to the soil so it can live again! A number of different types of willow have been used to create the trail, including Blackmaul, Dark Dicks, Purpurea, and Harrisons Seedling. Most of the willow was sourced locally from Samares Manor, but Michelle started the head of the toad before she came to Jersey, and so some originated from her garden in Wales as well as her regular supplier in Somerset. Fortunately we have many varieties growing in Jersey, including a number of native species like Common Sallow, Goat willow, Creeping willow and Black willow.

THE RESULTS WERE POSTED ON FACEBOOK, REACHING 10,946 PEOPLE. "I went today it’s amazing, I love it, thanks National Trust" “I saw the Toad on Sunday well done, it’s amazing” “What a great idea well done”

“Great idea and looks stunning, lovely group of people involved in building it, great addition to the area, very well done”

Willow is generally grown from cuttings and the best quality basketry willow is harvested within the first 3 years. Willow is managed by cutting the new rods back to the base which can be right to the ground (Coppicing), or sometimes waist or shoulder height (Pollarding). Willow can be used from about six weeks after cutting, but it can also can be steamed and dried with the bark on or off. When dried it will last for a year or more as long as it’s in a well ventilated place, and then soaked before use to make it supple again. Willow is an incredibly versatile material and has many uses including basketry, hedging, hurdles, fencing, stakes, bean poles, charcoal for art, biomass for energy, stabilising soil on slopes, riverbank regeneration, furniture making, cricket bats and of course the odd crapaud!

“Can’t wait to walk the trail”

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Heritage open day Saturday 9th September

The annual ‘Heritage Open Day’ celebrates our built heritage by allowing visitors free access to fascinating properties that are either not usually open, or would normally charge an entrance fee. The event is part of the national celebration of architecture, history and culture in association with the National Trust in the UK and is a wonderful opportunity to explore and enjoy these sometimes hidden, often curious and always interesting places. This year the Trust will be opening several of its properties including the Foot Buildings. Numbers 4, 5 and 6 Pitt Street have been saved and are currently being refurbished. Brook Farm, Chapelles des Freres and Victoria Tower will also be open as well as a WWII water storage bunker in St Ouen’s Bay. Our sponsor Andium Homes will be serving teas at Victoria Cottage Homes in the afternoon and the Masonic Temple will be open over the weekend as part of the Masons’ tercentenary celebrations. We will be staging two guided walks around St Helier, one around Havres de Pas looking at the Victorian architecture and another the Regency ‘splendour’ of the town and its many crescents.

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HERITAGE AT THE HEART OF ANDIUM HOMES The Trust is delighted that Andium Homes have agreed to sponsor “Heritage Open Day”. Andium Homes manage over 4,500 properties, delivering quality services to more than 10,000 Islanders, and providing homes to many charity organisations. Andium Homes has a large property portfolio many of which are heritage properties with a lot of history and character which can sometimes be challenging to maintain, so they work with the Trust to share advice and expertise on the renovation and improvement of these buildings. Given that some of its homes are also heritage properties, it is particularly important for Andium to have a good and supportive relationship with the National Trust, so that it can benefit from advice and expertise when improvements are made to these buildings.

Examples of the heritage properties Andium Homes manage are; • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

St Martins Arsenal, St Mary Clos de L ’Arsenal, St Mary Grouville Arsenal, Grouville St Lawrence Arsenal, St Lawrence St Peters Arsenal, St Peter Keepers Cottages, St Brelade Colombus Street properties, St Helier Brompton Villas, St Helier 28, 60 & 63 Great Union Road, St Helier Le Bel D’Enton (front block), St Brelade 4, 6 & 10 Lempriere Street, St Helier 25 Oxford Road, St Helier Mont Surat, St Helier 10 Raleigh Avenue, St Helier 79 Rouge Bouillon, St Helier 78 St Saviours Road, St Helier Westley Lodge, St Helier Rocheby, St Helier George V Cottage Homes, St Helier Victoria Cottage Homes, St Saviour

VICTORIA COTTAGE HOMES Victoria Cottage Homes were originally established to commemorate the diamond jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, although His Majesty King Edward VII was on the throne by the time they were opened in 1903. The cottage homes are a fine example of a late Victorian sheltered housing scheme and are one of only a few historic purpose-built housing schemes in Jersey. Construction commenced in 1897 to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria, although they were not officially opened until 1903, when King Edward VII had ascended the throne. Designed in the Gothic revival style, the complex emulates the appearance of three detached houses, with a 2 storey long central block sitting between two identical 2 storey buildings to either side. The whole opens onto attractive gardens and a green set back from the road. The granite stone work, tile hipped roof with gables, cupola, and timber veranda add much to the architectural value and charm of the complex. As part of the Heritage Open Day activities, Andium Homes will be staging afternoon tea in the conservatory at the rear of the granite building at the Victoria Cottage Homes from 2 to 4 pm. Parking will be available at the nearby Grainville School.

THE MASONIC TEMPLE This year the Freemasons celebrate the 300th Anniversary of the forming of organised Freemasonry, and as part of their activities have kindly agreed to open the Masonic Temple in Stopford Road for Heritage Open Day. This will include a special display, presented by the Jersey Masonic Library & Museum Committee; showing the links and involvement of Freemasonry in all aspects of Island life. To celebrate this important milestone in Masonic history the building has been given a complete sympathetic facelift both in respect to the structure and the facilities offered within. Originally designed by Thomas Gallichan and built by De La Mare, Benest & Pirouet, the foundation stone was laid in 1862 and the building completed by 1864. Of classical appearance, with a fully articulated Corinthian order, the substantial building has an impressive and proud appearance, ensuring that it has become one of the key landmark buildings in St Helier. The Freemasons hope that you will make a visit during the event weekend to view and savour the end results of their labours and witness the results. There will be plenty of opportunities to ask questions regarding the organisation and the building. Opening times for the Temple will be from 10.00am to 4.00pm during Heritage Open Day on Saturday 9th but the Temple will also open on Sunday 10th September between the same hours. Tea and coffee will be available to visitors.

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THE FOOT BUILDINGS Numbers 4,5 and 6 Pitt Street, known colloquially as the ‘Foot Buildings’, after the Foot family who lived in No’s 5 & 6, were purchased by the Trust in March 2016 for the princely sum of £1 from the Channel Islands Co-Operative Society. One of the most important and perhaps the best surviving examples of early-mid 18th/19th-century modest town houses in St Helier, they retain much historic joinery and architectural details as well as being of social and cultural importance due to their association with the Foot family and the sale of photography and records. The Trust has been faced with the challenge of sourcing over £1.4 million to secure the long term future of the buildings and all within a very tight deadline. As part of the purchase contract the buildings have to be fully repaired by February 2018 so that the guests in the newly constructed Premier Inn, which is being built on the site, will not be disturbed by any renovation works as part of their “good night sleep guarantee”. Heritage Open Day will provide a perfect opportunity to see a work in progress as well as meet some of the craftsmen and professionals helping to breathe new life into these much loved buildings.

brook farm Brook Farm was bequeathed to the Trust by the late Mr Edward Le Geyt in 2000. This mid to late 19th-century farm located just outside of Maufant Village in St Martin comprises a main house, outbuildings and pig sties. Some of the outbuildings are believed to be of an earlier date due to the style of stone work, the roof tiles and the existence of a roughly hewn beam in the shape of a forked tree trunk in the main drawing room. Internally the main house is a “two up two down” with two reception rooms on the ground floor and two bedrooms upstairs. The fire places on the ground floor were altered over the years and the Trust installed Victorian tiled grates

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typical of the period. Upstairs the original layout is largely intact apart from the later extension which houses a small bathroom and bedroom. Some of the adjacent outbuildings have been adapted to provide additional accommodation including a large sitting room, kitchen, master bedroom and utility room. The cow stable has remained relatively untouched as it was considered to be an increasingly rare example of a typical Jersey smallholding and as such worthy of conservation and preservation. The wonderful range of pig sties to the rear of the house have been fully repaired.

CHAPELLES DES FRÈRES There are two chapels on the site; one built in 1821 and the second in 1914 together with a manse. The chapels were formerly used by the Boy’s Brigade as its headquarters and latterly used as a sports hall but both have been empty for some time. In terms of style and layout the 1821 chapel has a south facing round arched door flanked by small-paned sashes to the gallery and the older 1914 chapel is designed in an overall Romanesque style with battered walls and buttresses and tall round-arched windows which are leaded with beautiful stylised stained glass panels. The small 1821 chapel is linked to what was originally the manse,

creating an overall L-plan, with a walled area extending to a lean-to outhouse to the rear. The Trust has recently agreed to let the larger 1914 chapel to the Mustard Seed organisation to house its Christmas shoebox scheme but the older chapel will be used as a much needed and larger events space for workshops and larger gatherings such as quiz nights. Our first event will be the screening of Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility in November – part of the country themed films we have been showing monthly. As part of Heritage Open Day, the Fairtrade organisation will be serving teas, coffees and homemade cakes.

victoria tower One of the last round towers to be built in Island, this impressive fortification provides the ideal location for views of La Déroute channel. The tower was constructed in 1837, marking the accession of Queen Victoria to the throne. Its main purpose was to prevent enemy landings at Anne Port, using a 32-punder gun on the top platform as part of a fortification plan launched in 1831 to protect the island. It was last used as a defensive structure during World War II as a headquarters for the German 2nd Battalion Artillery Regiment. Unlike other towers, Victoria Tower is surrounded by dry moat with a drawbridge to protect the entrance and the Trust has recently repaired the enormous red door. The tower is a perfect retreat in summer when the fields and côtils are carpeted with wildflowers and is alive with butterflies. As part of Heritage Open Day, Stephen Le Quesne, naturalist and conservationist will be staging ‘bioblitzes’ at the site from 1pm to 4pm. A bio blitz is a wildlife hunt for families for all species found on a given site. The site is within walking distance of the dolmen de Faldouet, Mont Orgueil Castle and Le Saut Geoffroi.

WATER STORAGE BUNKER The Jersey Fortification Study Group will be opening the Water Storage bunker at Big Vern’s known as the ‘RN high Tower’. The bunker has been extensively repaired and restored by the JFSG and comprises of a main pump room, water tank storage as well as an escape shaft and gas lock.

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Morel Farm The Trust have a number of tenanted properties and to find out what it is like living in one of our properties, we caught up with Heather Rushton who lives with her family at Morel Farm, La Rue de la Fontaine, St Lawrence. 1. WHO LIVES WITH YOU AT MOREL FARM?


My partner Paul, as well as my two sons Matthew and Toby, and our dog Gus.

There are so many highs; meeting random walkers outside the archway who tell us how lucky we are to live here. Summer nights in the Orchard round the fire watching the bats giving the most magnificent air display, and sitting on “the bench of contemplation” in the courtyard watching swallows fly in and out of the archway to feed their young chicks in the Pressoir; and of course seeing shooting stars in August last year at “the big wild sleep out”.

2. WHAT DOES THE PROPERTY CONSIST OF? A large granite farmhouse and outbuildings, including a Pressoir, two sets of stables, 3 pig sties, a bakehouse and further outbuildings including a potatoe shed, which is called the Chapel, although it is not one! The earliest part is the roadside archway which dates from 1666, the same year as the Great Fire of London.

3. HOW DID YOU BECOME A TENANT AND HOW LONG HAVE YOU LIVED IN THE PROPERTY? We telephoned the National Trust when we were looking for a property to rent, but unfortunately at that point in time they could only offer us a six month lease on Morel Farm. Although, we were looking for something much more long term we decided that even living at Morel Farm for six months would be the chance of a lifetime. We quickly moved in and are still here four years later!

4. WHAT IS THE MAIN DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LIVING IN A HISTORIC HOUSE AS OPPOSED TO A NEWER BUILD? The main difference between the farm and a newer built house is the sense of history that pervades the whole site. You feel it when you live here, and also in peoples’ reactions when they visit. We very much feel like custodians, and pulling into the drive everyday still takes our breath away.

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6. AND THE LOWS? Our first winter, before the Trust installed some log burners. We have never worn so many clothes at any one time in our lives!

7. DOES THE NATIONAL TRUST PLACE LOTS OF RESTRICTIONS ON YOU? IF SO WHAT? We don’t feel restricted by the Trust, but any restrictions that we do have are perfectly reasonable in view of the age and historic value of the property. One such restriction is that no modern mechanical vehicles are to be parked in the courtyard. It's common sense really, as many people take photos of the house, and so when you look through the arch your view isn’t spoiled by a car.

8. WHAT DO YOU LOVE ABOUT LIVING IN MOREL FARM? We love feeling we’re a small part of the history of the farm; meeting passers-by from every walk of life and nationality; and sitting peacefully on the “bench of contemplation” unwinding after a day at work.

9. WHAT IS YOUR FAVOURITE ROOM? The dining room - It has a great feel to it with its imposing fireplace, 19th century wood panelling and views of the archway. It has been the place of many happy occasions.

10. MOREL FARM FEATURES QUITE A LOT IN TOURISM LITERATURE. DO YOU GET ANY VISITS FROM VISITORS AND/ OR TOUR GUIDES? IF SO, WHAT DO THEY LIKE TO SEE? We have many visitors here, and are always inviting tourists to come in and look around when we find them hovering around the archway trying to photograph the farm without intruding on us. One of our favourite occasions is on Sunday morning, when we can read our papers and equally listen to Arthur Lamy, a Blue Badge Guide, sharing his knowledge of the history of the farm with his cycle group. As far as

the visitors are concerned, the Pressoir is a firm favourite with everyone. The Bakehouse is also popular, but the view of the house and outbuildings through the archway is definitely the main draw.

11. ARE THERE ANY QUIRKY OR UNEXPLAINED OBJECTS/ BUILDINGS/ROOMS IN AND AROUND THE PROPERTY? The beach pebbles in the courtyard are very quirky, and always the subject of discussion with visitors. We also have one of the oldest doors in Jersey leading into our kitchen. There are two cupboards in the panelled sitting room which have been painted over and haven’t been opened for many, many years. We would love to know what secrets they hold.

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I always liked watching movies, but in 1984 when I was 12, I discovered 2001: A Space Odyssey on a giant screen and my life was changed forever. I was lucky enough to live in Avignon in the South of France where we have a 7 screen art cinema called "Utopia". I started skipping school to discover the masterpieces and cult classics of cinema, on a daily basis. When I met my wife, one of our first purchases was a projector, as movies were a shared passion. In 2002, we started an independent and non-profit website on cinema in French called Cinetudes, through which I could write in-depth studies of films in layman’s terms. That opened the door to writing in cinema magazines as well as doing educational talks on moving image in secondary schools. On moving to Jersey in 2005, our passion for this project faded as we were both lost in the editorial work and we called it a day in 2009. When I reached 40 in 2012, I took ownership of my life and tried to make a living out of my passion for music, disc jockeying and cinema. I always wanted to program my own cinema and Jersey's unique situation (one mainstream cinema only) allowed me to setup a mobile cinema and DJ business (Cinestef and Dj Stefunk). Since then, I have been organising various movie nights : Cult Classics Movie Night in Rojo, movie showings for the National Trust for Jersey, Cinema Paradiso at the Savoy Hotel and numerous private events. But there is also my Cinestudies cinema course for adults at Highlands College and soon to be my ‘Education to Image’ talks for teenagers. Thanks to my wife's unconditional support and the public's interest, we have managed to make this venture a success. 30 | D I S C O V E R

COUNTRY CINEMA SEPTEMBER TO NOVEMBER Thursday 7 September - Miss Potter Starring Renée Zellweger, Ewan McGregor and Emily Watson, Miss Potter tells the story of Beatrix Potter, the author of the beloved and best-selling children's book, "The Tale of Peter Rabbit", and her struggle for love, happiness and success. Meeting point – The Elms Time – 7 – 9 pm

Thursday 5 October – Pride & Prejudice In this adaptation of Jane Austen's beloved novel, Elizabeth Bennet (Keira Knightley) lives with her mother, father and sisters in the English countryside. As the eldest, she faces mounting pressure from her parents to marry. When the outspoken Elizabeth is introduced to the handsome and upper-class Mr. Darcy (Matthew Macfadyen), sparks fly. Although there is obvious chemistry between the two, Darcy's overly reserved nature threatens the fledgling relationship. Meeting point – Le Moulin de Quétivel Time – 7 – 9.30 pm

Thursday 2 November - Sense and Sensibility When Elinor Dashwood's (Emma Thompson) father dies, her family's finances are crippled. After the Dashwoods move to a cottage in Devonshire, Elinor's sister Marianne (Kate Winslet) is torn between the handsome John Willoughby (Greg Wise) and the older Colonel Brandon (Alan Rickman). Meanwhile, Elinor's romantic hopes with Edward Ferrars (Hugh Grant) are hindered due to his prior engagement. Both Elinor and Marianne strive for love while the circumstances in their lives constantly change. Meeting point – Les Chapelles de Frères Time – 7 – 9.30 pm To book go to or call the National Trust on 483193. The films cost £10 and include a glass of wine. All proceeds go to the Elms tree planting project. Kindly supported by Mourant Ozannes.


My Jersey Christopher Scholefield CHAIRMAN OF SAVE JERSEY'S HERITAGE

My Jersey Is a little country, complete unto itself. It has its own distinct government, courts, laws, history, emblems, ethnic mix, architecture, media, taxes, language, utility companies, money, colonies ( Minquiers & Écréhou) and even its own historic rival – Guernsey. I love this aspect of Jersey. Who does not feel intrigued by the quirky micro states of this world, living proof that modern life need not be uniform and logical? The good news is that Jersey is one of them. It shapes my mind set and I’m fine with that. My Jersey Sits in the sweet spot where numerous circles on the Venn diagram defining a good place to live intersect. It combines city, coast and country, a temperate climate, abundant vegetation, attractive geology and Anglo, Latin and now other populations. It’s a densely woven tapestry, always offering a new thread to be discussed or a dropped stitch to be deplored.

My Jersey Is about the right size. I don’t envy people who live in bigger places. Distance can be an obstruction too. Not for us the lost hours rolling down a motorway each day. In Jersey the answer to the question “are we nearly there yet?” is “yes, we nearly are”. Have those who claim they have to “get off the rock every few weeks” explored Jersey properly – or does it only ever flit past their windscreens? At home near Rozel on a still evening I can hear the ferries approaching St Helier. I love the covered reservoir at the Tas de Géon with its views right across the Island from the north coast to the south. For me the fountain in the Central Market is a symbol of home, the still point of the turning world. But my Jersey Has challenges to address, such as the strains caused by the population boom, a lack of economic diversification, and a defensive government that can feel curiously reluctant to take action,

unless it bears the imprimatur of a UK consultant who will all too often tell us to fall into line with the UK. What’s the point of autonomy if you don’t use it? Two other big challenges are our inconsistent and disappointing town and Jersey’s unhealthy relationship with the car. Yes we all need to get from A to B, but in a 4 x 4? As for St Helier I agree with the new darling of Scottish politics, Ruth Davidson, who writes;

The biggest ally we have in increasing housing supply is beauty – if new houses complement the local environment and avoid the disastrous design choices of the past we can help build sustainable local support for extra construction. That’s a big “if” but it goes straight to the heart of the matter.

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E N J O Y | B L A C K B U T T ER


Between 1600 and 1700, over twenty percent of Jersey’s arable land was planted with orchards and cider was produced by farmers to give to their staff, making up part of their wages.

he Island’s export trade in cider peaked in 1810 when 4.5 million litres left the Island. A great tradition that existed as a result of Jersey’s proliferation of apples at the time was the production of ‘black butter’ or ‘Le Nièr Beurre’. Made from cider apples, the first step is to boil a large quantity of freshly produced cider in a bachin over an open fire for many hours, until it has reduced to a third. Thereafter, peeled and cored apples are slowly added and the mixture continuously stirred with a wooden ‘râbot’ or paddle, for up to 36 hours dependant upon quantities. When all the apples have been added, and an hour or two has passed by, sugar, lemon juice and a small amount of liquorice are added to the mix. Once the apples have reached the consistency of “butter”, the bachin comes off the fire and mixed spices are added before jarring up commences.

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Production of the ‘butter’ was a very popular community event following each winter crop with traditional singing, dancing, storytelling and chatting going on into the early hours of the morning. Although, not in any way as commonplace or as frequent as in the past, black butter evenings still take place in the Island on one or two farms and with organisations such as the Jersey Young Farmers’ Club and the Trinity Battle of Flowers Association. The tradition also exists further afield; in Pennsylvania USA, early immigrants took the custom with them but renamed it ‘Apple Butter’. The National Trust for Jersey has staged its annual Black Butter’ festival every October over many years at The Elms in St Mary so as to keep this cultural tradition alive and to make the activity accessible to its members, residents, schoolchildren and visitors to the Island.

The festival takes place over three days in the Pressoir and the Boulangerie, and is a hive of activity - although much of the work starts beforehand with the picking of apples in the Trust’s orchards. Traditional Jersey cider apples are used such as ‘Gros France’ and ‘Romeril’ because they tend to be a little sweeter. Also 10% are ‘Bramleys’ to add some acidity to the mix. The harvested apples are bagged up and stored in the Pressoir (which smells delightful) ready for the annual peeling which takes place over two days by the Trust’s supporters and volunteers. In recent years apples have been peeled by visitors from as far afield as China who have been delighted to participate in this ancient tradition, chatting to locals and enjoying the musical delights of Don Dolbel and his accordion and enjoying cups of tea and Jersey Wonders!

When the bachin is taken off the heat and the wonderful unctuous and sweet smelling apple mixture has cooled slightly, it is placed in large pans and taken to the pressoir where voluteers are eagerly waiting to pour the mixture into sterilised jars.

By far the most popular stage of this annual culinary tradition is on the Friday evening, when the last of the bags of apples have to be peeled and a supper and live music is enjoyed by all the volunteers – many bringing with them traditional ‘bean crock’, apple pies and other cakes for everyone to enjoy. There is also the odd glass of cider to encourage the festivities. Once sufficient apples have been peeled and the fire has been lit in the early hours on Friday morning in the Boulangerie, the peeled apples are poured into the bachin (loaned to the Trust by Sam Pallot from the Steam Museum) and stirred with wonderful old rabôts (also kindly lent to the Trust by Mrs Perrée). This stirring continues over night and into Saturday morning by our wonderful team of volunteers – many of whom come along every year and work throughout the night.

When the bachin is taken off the heat and the wonderful unctuous and sweet smelling apple mixture has cooled slightly, it is placed in large pans and taken to the pressoir where voluteers are eagerly waiting to pour the mixture into sterilised jars. These are carefully labelled, with grease proof circles added and topped off with pretty fabric jam jar covers. The pressoir resounds with the sounds of jars being tapped to remove any air bubbles, whilst the smell of ‘Christmas in a Jar’ pervades the air. On the Saturday the Trust invites Genuine Jersey producers, artisans and craft workers to set up stalls at The Elms and sell their wares alongside the freshly made Black Butter. Produce includes homemade cakes, salted caramel, apple juice, chutneys, chillies and jams as well as freshly made bread.

Participants can come along and enjoy La Robeline’s homemade cider and sausages or enjoy freshly made hot soup and other autumnal dishes offered by a variety of local caterers whilst they listen to live music being played in the courtyard. Children can carve a pumpkin – so close is Halloween to the Black Butter festival – or make apple related crafts. The market day closes at 4 pm when hopefully all of the Black Butter has been sold and the bachin and the rabôts are cleaned up and returned to their rightful owners ready for the following year!

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In the

spotlight Georgina Malet de Carteret shares with us her thoughts on becoming the Trust's new President. Georgina has been a Council member of the Trust for three years and is a great admirer of its achievements‌

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HAVING JUST BEEN ELECTED AS THE NEW PRESIDENT FOR THE TRUST, WHAT ARE YOUR PRIORITIES FOR THE NEXT THREE YEARS AND WHAT DO YOU HOPE TO ACHIEVE? The Trust is a remarkable organisation – a large and wide-ranging team involving Trust staff, its volunteers, its supporters and its membership. It is marvellous to be part of that team, that family if you like, and to help drive forward the Trust’s mission – to protect and preserve Jersey’s natural environments and historic buildings. It is difficult to single out one priority – so many are dependent on others – but the preservation of our coastline has to be the major one – being surrounded by the sea is part of Jersey’s identity - it is so indicative of Jersey itself. The Trust celebrates all that is best in Jersey – its coastline, its landscape, its architecture, its people, its wildlife, its agriculture. Looking about us from the headland at Plémont on a fine, late summer’s day, the word that sums it up is joy – the scenery takes your breath away – it delights and satisfies the soul. We should celebrate that. Will future generations standing here regard us as the lucky generation or the ones that failed to take sufficient care to protect and cherish this important place?

WHICH PROJECTS ARE YOU MOST LOOKING FORWARD TO WORKING ON? The Coastline campaign. Sadly, we haven’t always treated our coastline well - our seascapes are increasingly threatened by invasive and inappropriate development and our coastline needs its advocate more than ever. It is clear that there is widespread public support to see our coastline and countryside protected and the States recognised this with its designation of the Coastal National Park.

WHAT ARE YOUR CONCERNS REGARDING JERSEY’S NATURAL ENVIRONMENT? We need to focus on our ‘Natural Capital’. Looking after the natural environment and promoting conservation initiatives has economic benefits to the Island. This is an increasingly important question which all of us need to address. We need to keep the balance between ourselves and nature, between efficiency and the natural beauty of places.

HOW IMPORTANT DO YOU THINK HERITAGE REGENERATION IS WITHIN JERSEY/ST HELIER? I’m particularly interested in the Trust’s urban regeneration project in St Helier. The Trust is restoring the 18th/19th century Foot Buildings; this pretty row of houses and shops in Pitt Street were scheduled for demolition when the Trust acquired them last year for £1. The refurbishment of these buildings will be complete by 2018 with the shop being used as a café with accommodation above – a lively and sustainable future for these buildings. There is already a number of excellent museums in Jersey and it is encouraging that the use of the Foot Buildings will be something different – the young couple opening the café are enterprising, and will be opening something individual which complements the historic environment. We wish them well in their new venture.

DO YOU THINK THE TRUST SHOULD RECEIVE STATES FUNDING? No, we should not receive annual funding from the States, although support, such as pound for pound matching grants, have been invaluable in the acquisition of Hamptonne and more recently Plémont. Jersey Heritage is an organisation which receives public funding and it is right that it does so – it is responsible for the castles and museums in the Island. The National Trust for Jersey’s aims and ambitions are different. Because the Trust never has enough funds to allow us to tackle all that we would wish to, it does mean that our organisation is ‘lean and mean’ – we can act quickly and are able to deliver efficiently and quickly. At Plémont, we acquired the headland one year and we were able to allow public access within the following year. What is important to us is States support – so much of what we do is collaborative and we need to work alongside the Island’s heritage organisations and States' departments to help achieve the best possible outcome for Jersey.

AT THIS POINT IN TIME, IS THERE ANY PARTICULAR BUILDING OR AREA OF LAND WHICH YOU FEEL NEEDS URGENTLY PROTECTING? We live in anxious and challenging times and our natural environment is in need of our help as never before; evident in the decline of our ocean’s health, polluted reservoirs and streams, the healthiness of our soil and habitat destruction. The Coastal National Park

is recognised as needing protection by the States of Jersey Planning policy but words and statements are simply not enough - decisive action is needed to protect Jersey’s entire coastline. The National Trust for Jersey intends to work closely with the Environment department, other heritage organisations, landowners and businesses to protect our coastline for the enjoyment of current and future generations. Our coastline is critical to Jersey’s heritage – its culture, identity and our wellbeing; we need to be proactive rather than reactive in our support.

WHEN YOU WORKED FOR HRH THE PRINCE OF WALES AT CLARENCE HOUSE, WHAT DID YOU DO? The Prince’s Charities represent a wide range of areas including the Built Environment, the Arts, Responsible Business and Enterprise, Young People, Global Sustainability and Rural Affairs. I worked with a team in the Charities Office supporting The Prince of Wales who carries out dozens of engagements every year in support of his charities; as you can imagine, this takes a good deal of co-ordination and planning.

WE UNDERSTAND YOU ARE A KEEN GARDENER, WHAT IS YOUR FAVOURITE SPACE IN YOUR GARDEN AND WHY? I am a keen gardener and learning all the time – what gardener isn’t! At the moment, we are replanting some woodland – felling self-seeded sycamores and planting with oak, beech, ash and other native species underplanted with hazel, hawthorn and woodland plants which support wildlife. It’s very exciting and gives us a great deal of pleasure.

CATS OR DOGS? Dogs – even on a dull and wet day, they need a walk and it forces me out of the house; they need the exercise and so do I – it also gives me a chance to think. I have pugs which have big personalities and are ridiculous to look at – such silly faces make me laugh.

WHAT MAKES JERSEY SO SPECIAL FOR YOU? Its variety – definitely. We are a small island but can boast some of the most diverse and spectacular coastline and landscapes anywhere. A walk out to the Seymour Tower on a fine day is sublime, almost alien, and the same day within a couple of miles, you can stroll through the calm leafy glades, meadows and streams of St. Catherine’s Woods. D I S C O V E R | 35

E N J O Y | 1 6 NE W S T R E ET

C H R I S T M A S AT 1 6 N E W S T R E E T or many Islanders, a visit to The Georgian House at Christmas has become an annual tradition – some come to see Father Christmas, who flies in every year to delight young families with tales from the North Pole, others come to soak up the traditional atmosphere and enjoy the Trust’s guided tours of the house by candlelight – and then there are the Christmas shoppers who come to 16 New Street to escape the hustle and bustle of King Street. December is a busy month for the Trust’s volunteers and one of the questions they are frequently asked is how did the families who once lived at 16 New Street celebrate Christmas in days gone by? At the turn of the 19th century, when Philippe and Anne Journeaux resided at 16 New Street with their young family, festivities tended to centre around social activities such as balls and dinner parties for adults, with the children often consigned to the nursery. Jane Austen describes the spirit of a traditional Regency Christmas in Pride and Prejudice, published in 1813:

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“I sincerely hope your Christmas … may abound in the gaieties which that season generally brings”. Holiday entertainment also features in Mansfield Park, where Sir Thomas gives a ball for Fanny and William at Christmas, while in Sense and Sensibility Mr Willoughby dances the night away from “eight o'clock till four, without once sitting down!” Many of the customs we have come to associate with Christmas today – such as the giving of presents, the sending of cards, and the tradition of bringing a tree into the house – were adopted later in the century, during the reign of Queen Victoria. The first commercial Christmas card was sent by Sir Henry Cole, the director of London’s Victoria and Albert Museum, in 1843 (although the idea didn’t catch on until after the introduction of the halfpenny stamp in 1870). This was followed by the first commercial Christmas cracker, invented by Tom Smith, in 1848.

The practice of bringing a tree into the house and decorating it with candles is a German custom, thought to have been brought to Court by Queen Charlotte in 1800: “In the middle of the room stood an immense tub with a yew tree placed in it, from the branches of which hung bunches of sweetmeats, almonds, and raisins in papers, fruits and toys, most tastefully arranged, and the whole illuminated by small wax candles. After the company had walked around and admired the tree, each child obtained a portion of the sweets which it bore together with a toy and then all returned home, quite delighted.” It is interesting that Christmas trees were an established tradition for the Royal family long before they became popular with the public. Prince Albert, who is often wrongly credited with having brought the Christmas tree to Britain, certainly did the most to encourage its popularity. In 1848 the Illustrated London News published an illustration of Queen Victoria, Prince Albert and the Royal children gathered around the Christmas tree at Windsor Castle and soon every home in Britain wanted one. The old custom of simply decking the walls and windows with sprigs and twigs was no longer good enough and by 1881 Cassell’s Family Magazine was giving out strict instructions to the lady of the house: "To bring about a general feeling of enjoyment… It is worth while to bestow some little trouble on the decoration of the rooms". Towards the end of the century, Christmas had become the central festival of the Victorian calendar – a time for celebrating and strengthening family ties, for Christian charity, generous hospitality and goodwill to others. D I S C O V E R | 37

E N J O Y | 1 6 NE W S T R E ET

CHRISTMAS C O U N T D OW N , GEORGIAN STYLE he 12 Days of Christmas - Many people have come to believe that the twelve days of Christmas are the dates leading up to the main event on 25th December. However, the song actually refers to the 12 days that come after Christmas, with the last day being Epiphany or January 6th. Advent – The modern Advent period is marked by the opening of chocolate calendars, however the season was traditionally a time of strict fasting leading up to the birth of Christ. December 24th (Christmas Eve): This was the date when families would have decorated their homes in readiness for Christmas. The greenery remained in place until Epiphany, when it was burned in case it brought bad luck.

FATHER CHRISTMAS AT 16 NEW STREET 'Whether you are looking to celebrate old traditions or make new memories, Christmas wouldn't be complete without a visit to see Father Christmas at 16 New Street. Saturday 9th December, 10am – 4pm Saturday 16th December, 10am – 4pm Saturday 23rd December, 10am – 2pm. Admission £5.00 including a gift No need to book Supported by Cannaccord Genuity Wealth Management

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December 25th (Christmas Day) involved a trip to Church for many families, followed by a Christmas feast consisting of goose, mince ‘meat’ pies and Christmas pudding (also known as ‘plum’ pudding). December 26th (Boxing Day) was first established as a bank holiday in 1871. Known as St Stephen’s Day in the Christian calendar, this was the date when churches handed out alms ‘boxes’ to the poor and the gentry presented their servants and staff with ‘Christmas boxes’. January 1st (New Year’s Day) didn’t become an official bank holiday in England, Wales and Northern Ireland until 1974. The custom of partying on New Year’s Day is a modern practice; traditionally revellers would have saved their celebrations until Twelfth Night. January 6th (Twelfth Night) signalled the climax of the Christmas season; revellers attended parties and masked balls, drank copious amounts of punch and enjoyed a slice of ‘Twelfth Night Cake’ – a rich fruitcake decorated with elaborate sugared icing.


E N T E R TA I N I N G AT 1 6 N E W S T R E E T he Trust’s Georgian House at 16 New Street is a unique venue in the heart of St Helier with a long history of entertaining, providing a charming and atmospheric setting for hosting a variety of corporate and private events. Private dinners, client get-togethers, weddings, birthday parties, drinks’ receptions and champagne tastings can all be accommodated at this magnificent property. The Georgian House boasts beautiful historic interiors with panelled rooms, wooden floors and an historic collection of furniture, which provides a memorable backdrop for your event. Our Georgian interiors also serve as the perfect background for small photo shoots and filming projects. Perfectly situated with easy access to local offices and hotels, our three-storey historic town house is available for exclusive hire throughout the year.

16 NEW STREET VENUE HIRE Evening hire from £500 Hourly hire from £150 Maximum Capacity for Drinks – 100 Maximum Capacity for Private Dining – 18 Maximum Capacity for Seminars – 40 E:

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f you and your family cannot wait until Jo our Education Officer’s planned Woodland Wanders sessions at the end of October, then why not pull on your wellington boots and take a walk around one of our beautiful woodland sites such as Fern Valley, St Peter's Valley or VallÊe des Vaux. You can hunt for owl pellets, produce natural masterpieces or simply have fun kicking leaves!

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barn owl pellets Though these slightly unpleasantlooking objects appear to be droppings, they are in fact the regurgitated waste from owls and other birds (and they don’t smell at all!)

These pellets can be found on the ground by nesting sites and are safe to pick up and handle. Dissecting a pellet is a great way to find out what the bird has been eating.

All owls produce pellets, along with other birds of prey, crows and even sparrows. When an owl catches its prey, such as small mammals, mice or shrews, it swallows it whole without chewing. The food then passes down a tube in its throat and into its gizzard where the food is ground down into pieces by strong muscles.

You will need: • A pair of thin gloves • Tweezers • A tray • A mammal bone guide which can be downloaded from

The useful, digestible parts then pass to the small intestine to be used in the body whilst the indigestible parts such as the fur and bones are formed into a pellet. After 8-10 hours the pellet is forced back up the tube to the beak where it is regurgitated or ‘coughed’ out of the body.

Carefully break apart the pellet with your fingers and use tweezers to separate the bones that you find. Match these up to the bone guide to find out what your bird’s last meal was! Each pellet can contain the bones and fur of up to 6 mammals. Fortunately in Jersey we have a successful population of Barn Owls, with 50 chicks recorded this year. Occasionally Long-eared and Short-eared Owls can also be seen in the Island.

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Create a Natural Masterpiece! Hunt for fallen leaves, seeds and berries whilst walking in the woods and then use the woodland floor as your artist’s canvas. Use native species such as the Barn Owl or Red Squirrel for your inspiration, or let your imagination run wild. 42 | D I S C O V E R


Activities to try The Trust’s practical workshops are always popular and enable islanders, as well as visitors, to learn a new skill and have fun trying! Workshops take place in our historic buildings such as the Pressoir at The Elms, 16 New Street and Le Moulin de Quétivel. We offer discounted rates for Trust Members - yet another reason why you should join up and get involved!

Workshops for Food Lovers Saturday 16 September

THE HUMBLE BLACKBERRY; JAMS, JELLIES AND GIN AT THE ELMS Join Sue Le Gallais at the Elms where you will forage for blackberries before learning how to make jams, jellies and gin with this wonderful fruit. Enjoy afternoon tea and take home a jar of homemade jam, along with some recipes so that you can carry on the process of making your own preserves at home. Meeting point: The Elms Time: 2pm - 5pm Price: £10 to include a jar of jam.

Saturday 23 September

LIFE’S SWEETER WITH SOURDOUGH: BREAD AND PIZZA WORKSHOP AT QUÉTIVEL MILL Every September Real Bread bakers and fermenters worldwide are encouraged to organise their own local events to demystify the delicious delights of the oldest way of raising a loaf. In our final workshop at Quétivel Mill, artisan baker Richie Howell will guide you through the entire process of making sourdough bread and pizza - from preparing the ferment and mixing the dough to adding the all-important toppings. Meeting point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 3:30pm - 8pm Price: Members £40; Non-Members £50 to include materials, supper and a guided walk

Workshops for Gardeners Saturday 28 October – 11am - 3pm.

COMPOSTING AND PREPARING YOUR GARDEN BEDS FOR WINTER AT LES HAIES DE GROSNEZ ST OUEN The Jersey Association of the National Vegetable Society will be staging an

open day at the home of Graeme Le Marquand in St Ouen. Glynn Mitchell will be on hand to demonstrate the various techniques of composting. Tea, Coffee and biscuits will be available. This is a must for all enthusiastic gardeners. Meeting Point: Les Haies de Grosnez, St Ouen. Parking will be available on Les Landes common next to the race course, and for those with disabilities, parking will be available at the main house. Time: 11am - 3pm Price: Free for Members; £5 Non-Members

Saturday 24 February

PRUNING AND GRAFTING APPLE TREES WITH VINCENT OBBARD AT SAMARES MANOR Did you know that every full sized apple tree is made from two different trees? Enjoy a morning of practical information and hands-on learning about the art and science of grafting and pruning apple trees. Participants will be given a rootstock and a scion to graft and take home for planting.

Christmas Workshops Wednesday 22 November

MAKE YOUR OWN CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS AT THE ELMS Join Beverley Speck to create your own textile decorations in this fun session. You will make a Christmas decoration to take home and leave with a head full of ideas for more creations. Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 7pm - 9pm Price: £16 Members; £20 Non-Members including materials and refreshments

Tuesday 28 November

PAPER CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS WORKSHOP AT THE ELMS Join renowned paper artists Professor Xiaoguang from China and Karen Bit from Norway to learn the gentle art of paper cutting and folding. Create your own handmade decorations to take home this Christmas. Please bring along a pair of scissors and a pair of pointed end embroidery scissors if available.

Meeting Point: Samarès Manor Time: 9.30am - 12.30pm Price: £15 Members; £20 Non-Members to include morning coffee.

Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 7pm - 9pm Price: £10 Members; £12 Non-Members to include materials and refreshments

Saturday 10 March

Tuesday 5 December

GROWING SALADS IN CONTAINERS AT THE ELMS Come along to the headquarters of the National Trust at The Elms in St Mary and enjoy a workshop with Graeme Le Marquand – President of the Jersey branch of the National Vegetable Society. Learn how to grow winter salads all of which can be grown in containers, on window sills, in a greenhouse if you have one or even outdoors with a covering of fleece. Refreshments will be provided. Meeting point: The Elms Time: 2pm - 4pm Price: Free for Members; £5 NonMembers including refreshments

CHRISTMAS WREATH MAKING IN THE PRESSOIR AT THE ELMS Join Elise Stubbs and Sally Biscoe from Forge Farm Flowers and learn how to create a beautiful Christmas wreath using fresh greenery at this evening workshop. Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 7pm - 9pm Price: £30 Members; £35 Non-Members to include materials and refreshments

Book tickets online for all our events by visiting

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Explore with

jersey water With increases in population, changing lifestyles, pollution and shifts in weather patterns all placing increased demands on the fresh water that we have at our disposal, we caught up with Jersey Water to find out about their desalination plant in St Brelade.

LA ROSIÈRE DESALINATION PLANT, ST BRELADE Jersey Water has just completed a £6 million upgrade to its desalination plant in St. Brelade. Until recently Jersey was the only place in the British Isles to have such a facility. However in recent years one has been built on the Thames and one in the Scilly Isles, possibly a reflection on increasing populations and reducing rainfall putting ever more pressure on precious water supplies. Jersey Water has 120 days of water held in reservoirs around the Island, this equates to 2,687 million litres, which sounds like a lot until you compare it to Guernsey that has nearly twice this and with a smaller population of just 63,000. The desalination plant is an insurance policy for Jersey Water, which they hope they don’t need to call on. Since Queen’s Valley reservoir came online in the 1990s we have not needed to rely on desalinated water as often. Undoubtedly, without Queen's Valley we would be much more dependent on the desalination plant for our water during the summer months. Many people will still remember the long hot summers when the Island was full of tourists and the days of hose pipe bans being in force and rationing. Fortunately there has not been a ban since 2003. We all consume a large amount of water and in the height of the summer the Company can be pumping over 20 million litres every day, if you imagine that in 1 litre bottles for a moment you soon realise that this is a volume operation.

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Jersey Water commissioned its first Desalination Plant in 1970. This plant was fueled by oil and used to boil sea water to produce steam vapour, which was subsequently condensed and distilled into fresh water. In 1999 this plant had reached the end of its life and was replaced with an electrically operated Reverse Osmosis (RO) plant. The RO desalination plant is a two-stage process and is basically a high-pressure filtration process, whereby sea water is forced through a semi-impervious membrane, converting 45% of the sea water into fresh water (Permeate). The 55% of remaining sea water, containing brine and other dissolved solids, is discharged back into the sea. The latest upgrade to the plant has increased its output to nearly 11 million litres per day, but perhaps just as important is that it will use 36% less energy than the old plant. When running the plant it is the equivalent of 700 kettles running 24 hours a day nonstop. Water from the plant is transferred to Val de la Mare Reservoir through a pipe for mixing with natural waters, before being transferred to the treatment works for normal treatment and distribution to customers. Water conservation and having a sustainable supply of water is critical to all of us who live in Jersey. We can all do our bit to help reduce the amount of water that is wasted and many of the changes in routine are small and will hardly be noticed but together they add up to significant overall savings. For lots of water saving tips you can visit Jersey Water’s website



Earlier in the year we were delighted to team up with Manx National Heritage to sign a reciprocal agreement for the benefit of our joint members enabling free access to heritage properties in the Isle of Man. isitors from Jersey will be able to use their membership cards at all historic properties and sites owned and operated by Manx National Heritage. This will give them a unique insight into the 10,000 years of Manx history and the Island's rich heritage. The Isle of Man has some amazing places to visit, from fascinating ancient monuments to historic castles and the most beautiful countryside. Sites include Castle Rushen in Castletown, one of Europe’s most finely preserved medieval castles. Not far from the Castle is The Old House of Keys where the Manx Parliament, Tynwald, used to sit. Animated portraits of Keys members and a simulated model of Mr Speaker bring the debating chamber to life. Nearby is the Old Grammar School, the oldest roofed structure on the Isle of Man, and not far away is the Nautical

Museum where visitors can discover the story of the late Captain George Quayle, his eccentric boathouse and his most significant surviving creation the ‘Peggy’. Rushen Abbey is a former Cistercian monastery which was developed as the Isle of Man’s seat of religious power housing the main body of knowledge and literacy for the Island. Further south, are thatched cottages at Cregneash, a living illustration of a farming and crofting community in the 19th and early 20th century. Visitors will see plough horses, familiar Loaghtan sheep in their home environment, shorthorn cows, pigs and Manx cats. In Peel, in the west of the Island, is the House of Manannan where the Island’s mythological sea god, Manannan, welcomes visitors to his fascinating Kingdom. Set on St Patrick’s Isle and overlooking Peel Marina is the Island’s majestic fortress, Peel Castle.

In Ramsey is the Grove Museum of Victorian Life where visitors can step back into Victorian times. To the east, a must see is the Great Laxey Wheel. A brilliant example of Victorian engineering she was built in 1854 to pump water from the Laxey mines and is the largest surviving working water wheel in the world. Visitors might also like to consider booking a stay that preserves the past. Manx National Hertage’s historic farmhouse at Eary Cushlin is truly stunning (from £750 for 9 people), whilst Yn Thie Thooit, is ideal for a romantic short break (£595 per week). Find out more at stay-with-us/ and Don’t forget: Take your membership card for free admission to all Manx National Heritage sites.

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Join & Get Involved All of our events are open to members and non-members but if you are not a member of the Trust it might be worthwhile considering joining. Not only does your membership allow you free access to over 300 National Trust properties in the UK and access to properties, sites and reserves around the world, but many of our events are free or discounted with members. You will also be doing your bit to help us protect the environment, wildlife and historic buildings for everyone and forever. Membership starts from as little as £30.00 per year for an adult single – so your investment would be recouped over the course of the year if you attend some of the many events on offer… For more information on membership please go to

Starring Renée Zellweger, Ewan McGregor and Emily Watson, Miss Potter tells the story of Beatrix Potter, the author of the beloved and bestselling children's book, "The Tale of Peter Rabbit", and her struggle for love, happiness and success.

million years of rock formation. Walkers will also come across one of Jersey’s Mesolithic sites and the jewel of the walk for those with a good head for heights, a steep clamber down to the raised cave at La Cotte à la Chèvre where many flints and bones from the Palaeolithic era have been found. From here we will return to L’Etacq. Good walking footwear essential.

Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 7pm – 9pm Price: £10 including glass of wine Kindly supported by Mourant Ozannes

Meeting Point: Faulkner’s Fisheries Time: 10am Price: Free for Members; £5 Non-Members

Saturday 9 September HERITAGE OPEN DAY


Many of the Trust’s properties will be open over the course of the day. Open Day offers you the wonderful opportunity to explore and enjoy some of the Island’s finest historic buildings. Special events and activities will be organised at the key sites. For example, 2017 is the Tercentenary (300th Anniversary) of the United Grand Lodge of England and the Masonic Temple will be open as part of the nationwide celebrations. Other open properties and special events will be announced closer to the time. Please keep an eye on our website or our Facebook page. Kindly supported by Andium Homes.

Saturday 16 September THE HUMBLE BLACKBERRY; JAMS, JELLIES AND GIN! Join Sue Le Gallais and forage for blackberries in and around the lanes and footpaths of the site before learning how to make jams, jellies and even gin with this wonderful fruit. Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 2pm - 5pm Price: £10 to include a jar of jam.

Sunday 17 September CLIMATE CHANGE IS NOTHING NEW Join your guide Nicky Mansell at L’Etacq looking at the features which prove that sea level and climate change are nothing new and the Anthropocene (the age of man) is upon us. The walk starts with an examination of a major geological boundary marking over 200 46 | D I S C O V E R

Artisan baker Richie Howell will guide you through the entire process of making sourdough bread and pizza from preparing the ferment and mixing the dough to adding the all-important toppings. Meeting Point: Quétivel Mill

Time: 3.30pm - 8pm Price: Members £40; Non-Members £50 to include materials, supper and a guided walk Please park at the Mill Pond in St Peter’s Valley

Saturday 23 September THE PEOPLE OF THE BAY FROM NEANDERTHALS TO TODAY. Nicky Mansell, who will bring the bay to life with tales of the people who once lived there - beginning with the occupation and travelling back in time to the prehistoric era when Neanderthal man once shared the bay with giant mammoth. The walk is gentle but does involve some clambering over rocks at the bottom of La Cotte (where Neanderthal man once lived). Meeting Point: St Brelade’s Bay at Absolute Adventures office (near Oyster Box) Time: 2pm – 5pm Price: Free for Members; £5 Non-Members

october Thursday 5 October COUNTRY CINEMA PRIDE & PREJUDICE

Sunday 24 September HIDDEN PLÉMONT Explore the caves of Petit Plémont and Plémont beach and walk over the newly acquired headland to see what the National Trust for Jersey has achieved since demolishing the holiday camp. This short walk involves clambering over rocks and through rock pools. The beach is always changing and sometimes there are deep pools to get into the caves so sandals (not flip flops), neoprene shoes or trainers which can get wet are essential as well as some walking shoes. You will find out how earthquakes are responsible for today’s landscape and how man has modified what we see. Meeting point: Top Car Park at Plémont

Time: 2pm - 6:30pm Price: Free for Members; £5 Non-Members

Monday 25 September CHANNEL ISLAND SILVER - A TALK AT 16 NEW STREET WITH PETER LE ROSSIGNOL Most of the silverware made in the Channel Islands was manufactured during a period of Religious persecution in France and political unrest in England, the former bringing many Huguenot craftsmen into the Island. This fascinating talk with local historian and expert Peter Le Rossignol traces the history of silver manufacture in the Channel Islands through the ages – from the early spoons with trifid ends to the more sophisticated Hanoverian bowled shell back teaspoons of the mid to late 18th century, together with grander items such as coffee pots, candlesticks and salvers. A large collection of rare Channel Island silver will be on display. Meeting point: 16 New Street Time: 7pm - 8.15pm Price: £10 Members; £12 Non-Members including a glass of wine

Enjoy Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice as you sip a glass of wine and enjoy a box office hit in the only working mill in the Island as part of this year’s Country Cinema series. Meeting point: Moulin de Quétivel Time: 7pm – 9.30pm Price: £10 including glass of wine

Thursday 12 October CONCERT AT 16 NEW STREET – LIEDER MUSIC FROM THE ROMANTIC PERIOD Following the popularity of last year’s concert at 16 New Street, the Trust has invited back Bella Voce to come and perform for us again in 2017. The Georgian House is the perfect setting for tonight’s programme of 19th century Lieder music as the strong lyrical melodies and rich harmonies written for piano and voice were traditionally performed in period homes such as 16 New Street. A varied programme featuring solo songs with piano accompaniment from Schubert, Schumann, Brahms and Strauss, together with two-part versions by Mendelsohn sung in English. Venue: 16 New Street Time: 7pm - 8:30pm Price: £10 Members; £12 Non-Members to include a glass of wine - proceeds shared between the National Trust for Jersey and The Jersey Vocal Trust

Thursday 19 to Saturday 21 October BLACK BUTTER MAKING AT THE ELMS Come along and get involved in the National Trust for Jersey’s annual Black Butter making event. It is a real community affair with all ages welcome and it is free! Thursday 19 October – Join us for apple peeling in the Pressoir at the Elms between 2pm - 5pm. Friday 20 October - Peeling will start again at 10 am until late! Stirring of the apples and other ingredients will commence mid-morning on Friday in the large ‘bachin’ over a roaring fire in the Bake-House and will continue all night until Saturday lunch-time. Volunteers are invited to peel, stir or contribute to the community supper which will take place on Friday evening with live music. Saturday 21 October – Market Day from 10 am until 4 pm. Pumpkin carving, stalls selling fresh produce, home baked cakes and Jersey Wonders, cider and sausages as well as art and crafts from local artisans. Participate in the jarring up of the freshly made Black Butter which then goes on sale!

Sunday 15 October APPLE HARVEST WITH LA ROBELINE CIDER Join Sarah and Richard Matlock from La Robeline Cider in the orchard at The Elms to assist with the apple harvest for their cider and Eau de Vie. Enjoy a free glass of cider (or apple juice) after the apples have been collected as a reward for all your hard work! Homemade sausage baguettes will be on sale from the 'cider shack'. Meeting point: The Elms Time: 2pm - 5pm Price: Free

Book tickets online for all our events by visiting

Saturday 21 October HIDDEN PLÉMONT See Sunday 24 September for details. Meeting point: Top Car Park at Plémont

Time: 1.30pm Duration: 4.5 hours Price: Free for Members £5 for Non-Members

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Sunday 22nd October THE PEOPLE OF THE BAY FROM NEANDERTHALS TO TODAY A stroll across St Brelade’s Bay with your guide Nicky Mansell, who will bring the bay to life with tales of the people who once lived there - beginning with the occupation and travelling back in time to the prehistoric era when Neanderthal man once shared the bay with giant mammoth. The walk is gentle but does involve some clambering over rocks at the bottom of La Cotte (where Neanderthal man once lived).


Meeting Point: St Brelade’s Bay at Absolute Adventures office (near Oyster Box) Time: 2pm - 5pm Price: Free for Members; £5 Non-Members

Wednesday 25 to Friday 27 October WOODLAND WANDERS As the seasons change, come and walk through crunchy leaves and squelchy mud in the beautiful setting of Hamptonne Woods. With fun, educational activities, children will explore, discover, learn and create (and maybe get a little bit muddy!) Meeting Point: given at time of booking. All children must be accompanied by an adult. Suitable for children aged 4-11 Time: 10am and 2pm Price: Free for Members; £5 Non-Members. Booking essential Kindly supported by HSBC

Saturday 28 October COMPOSTING AND PREPARING YOUR GARDEN BEDS FOR WINTER. The Jersey Association of the National Vegetable Society will be staging an open day at the home of Graeme Le Marquand at Les Haies De Grosnez St Ouen. Glynn Mitchell will demonstrate the various techniques of composting. Meeting Point: Parking will be available on Les Landes common next to the race course, and for those with disabilities, parking will be available at the main house. Time: 11am - 3pm Price: Free for Members; £5 for Non-Members

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Thursday 2 November COUNTRY CINEMA Enjoy Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility in a little known historic church building as you sip a glass of wine and enjoy a box office hit. When Mr. Dashwood dies, he must leave the bulk of his estate to the son by his first marriage, which leaves his second wife and their three daughters (Elinor, Marianne, and Margaret) in straitened circumstances. Meeting Point: Les Chapelles des Frères, St John Time: 7pm – 9.30pm Price: £10 including glass of wine

Christmas Crafts Wednesday 22 November CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS Join Beverley Speck to create your own textile decorations in this fun session. Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 7pm – 9 pm Price: £16 Members; £20 Non-Members including refreshments

Thursday evenings from 23 November to 21 December LATE NIGHT SHOPPING AT 16 NEW STREET Stock up on traditional gifts for all the family in the National Trust Gift Shop, which is extended for the festive season into two rooms to make space for lots of new merchandise. Trust members are entitled to a 10% discount on all purchases when they show their cards at the desk. Venue: 16 New Street Time: 4pm - 8pm Price: Entry to the shop is free

Tuesday 28 November PAPER CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS WORKSHOP Learn the gentle art of paper cutting and folding to create some beautiful handmade decorations for your home this Christmas. Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 7pm – 9 pm Price: £10 Members; £12 Non-Members including refreshments

december Saturday 2 and Sunday 3 December A VICTORIAN CHRISTMAS AT HAMPTONNE The Victorians changed the face of Christmas and the era saw the introduction of traditions such as the Christmas tree, the making and sending of Christmas cards, Christmas crackers filled with sweets and decorating homes with greenery. Victorians also actively revived and popularised the singing of carols and feasting. Come along to Hamptonne and enjoy some of these traditional pursuits and shop, eat, drink and be merry!



Learn how to create a beautiful Christmas wreath using fresh greenery at this evening workshop.

Join your guide Bob Tompkins on a wonderful walk around the small lanes in the beautiful parish of St Mary to brush off the Christmas ‘blues’ and lose a few calories in the process!

Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 17pm - 9pm Price: £30 Members and £35 Non Members to include refreshments

Thursday evenings from 7 to 21 December LATE NIGHT SHOPPING AT 16 NEW STREET

Saturday 9, 16 and 23 December FATHER CHRISTMAS AT 16 NEW STREET Christmas in Jersey wouldn’t be complete without a special visit to see Father Christmas at 16 New Street. This year the Trust has extended the range of activities for families to include storytelling in the attic, Christmas crafts on the first floor and a festive treasure hunt around the house.


Venue: 16 New Street Time: 10am - 4pm (23rd December 10am - 2pm) Price: £5 to include a gift; No need to book

Venue: 16 New Street Time: 10am - 11.15am Price: £8 Members; £10 Non-Members

Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 12 noon - 1:30pm Price: Minimum donation of £2 towards the Coastline Campaign

Venue: 16 New Street Time: 4pm - 8pm Price: Entry to the shop is free

Meeting Point: Hamptonne Time: Saturday 10am - 7pm; Sunday 10am - 4pm Price: £1 entry fee Parking: Shuttle service to be provided. Details to be confirmed. For further details on where to park, please visit our website.

Good little girls and boys are invited to join us for this special Christmas workshop at 16 New Street, where they can try their hand at calligraphy and finish their personal messages to Father Christmas with ribbon and sealing wax. Suitable for 6-12 year olds. Children must be accompanied by an adult.


Supported by Canaccord Genuity Wealth Management

Tuesday 12 and 19 December CANDLELIT TOUR OF 16 NEW STREET

Saturday 13 January WASSAILING AT THE ELMS Wassailing is said to awaken the cider apple trees and scare away evil spirits to ensure a good harvest! Come along to the Elms, bring ‘noise makers’, Join in the procession, watch the trees being ‘toasted’ in the orchard, enjoy the singing and dancing and a tot of Sloe gin. Cider and sausages available from La Robeline at own expense. Meeting Point: The orchard at The Elms Time: 12 noon - 4pm Price: Minimum donation of £2 towards the maintenance of the Trust’s orchards

As the nights draw in, experience 16 New Street in a totally different way. Explore this magnificent Georgian building by candlelight, guided by costumed actors who will introduce you to members of the household. The tour ends with mulled wine and mince pies in front of a roaring fire. Venue: 16 New Street Time: 6pm - 7.30pm Price: £10 Members: £12 Non-Members

Book tickets online for all our events by visiting

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Saturday 10 March WINTER SALAD GROWING Learn how to grow winter salads, all of which can be grown in containers, on window sills, in a Greenhouse if you have one or even outdoors with a covering of fleece.

Come along to the centre to celebrate World Wetlands Day. With guided walks around St Ouen’s Pond and its environs, talks and guidance from bird-watching experts and crafts and games for children in the classroom, there will be something for everyone!

Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 2pm - 4pm Price: Free for Members; £5 for Non-Members

Meeting Point: Wetland Centre, St Ouen Time: 1pm - 4pm Price: Free

Friday 16 February CINDERELLA AND FRIENDS AT 16 NEW STREET To commemorate World Book Day, which is celebrating its 21st anniversary this month, the Trust’s curator has decorated the rooms of the Georgian House to resemble sets from famous children’s fairy tales. Meet Cinderella and her ugly Stepsisters in the Georgian Kitchen and Little Red Riding Hood in the attic - but beware the big bad wolf! Special activities on the day include storytelling throughout the house, a themed quiz and a treasure hunt. Come dressed as your favourite character.

Saturday 24 February PRUNING AND GRAFTING APPLE TREES WITH VINCENT OBBARD Enjoy a morning of practical information and hands-on learning about the art and science of grafting and pruning apple trees.

Monday 19 March to Sunday 25 March THEATRE WEEK AT 16 NEW STREET Following the success of this year's production at 16 New Street, the Trust is planning an adaptation by Jane Austen for 2018. Further details will appear on our website nearer the time.

Meeting Point: Samarès Manor Herb Garden Time: 9.30am - 12.30pm Price: £15 Members; £20 Non-Members

Venue: 16 New Street Time: 10am - 4pm Price: £6Adults; £3 Children; Members and Under 6s Free No need to book

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Book tickets online for all our events by visiting

Our Precious Resource

Water is becoming more valuable than ever. We have limited underground water reserves, we rely on rainfall for most of the mains water supplied.

The Island has

Raw Water


Reservoirs Located at: Val de la Mare Queen’s Valley Handois

Millbrook Dannemarche Grands Vaux

Stream Abstraction Point

Water Treatment Plant

Raw Water Storage Reservoir

Raw Water Storage Tank

Desalination Plant

Ground Water Resource


Rapid Gravity Filter Raw Water Storage Reservoir

Powdered Activated Carbon Clarifier


Contact Tanks

Water Quality compliance for 2016

was 99.99%

with 100% Bacteriological compliance



Anthracite Sand

UV Treatment


120 Days

The reservoirs store untreated raw water collected from streams and abstraction points. Treated Water Service Tank

Drinking Water

The local reservoirs have

sufficient capacity to store

approximately 120 days average demand for water

The average person

uses 150 litres of water a day




Get in touch. We would love to hear your questions, comments and ideas. The National Trust for Jersey The Elms La Chève Rue St Mary Jersey JE3 3EN Telephone 01534 483193

MAKING IT HAPPEN DESIGN & PRODUCTION TEAM The Idea Works Limited Regency House Regent Road St Helier Jersey JE2 4UZ Telephone 01534 755400

Thank you to Jersey Water. Without their support we would not have been able to produce this magazine.


The National Trust for Jersey: Sarah Hill, Charles Alluto, Donna Le Marrec, Catherine Ward, Jon Parkes, Jon Rault, Jo Stansfield, Piers Sangan, Christopher Scholefield, Nicola Pemberton.


Credits to: Tony Gray, Mick Dryden, Romano da Costa,Visit Jersey, deVOL Kitchens. © 2017 – Discover Magazine is published by The National Trust for Jersey. The publisher, editor and authors accept no responsibility in respect of any errors, omissions, misstatements, mistakes or references. Correct at the time of print September 2017. Front Cover: Puffins Romano da Costa

Discover is printed using only paper from FSC/ PEFC suppliers from well managed forests This magazine can be recycled and we encourage you to do so at your recycling point. Passing the magazine onto a friend counts as recycling too.