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In this issue P5


Charles Alluto, CEO






Change of Guard at The Barracks




A New Home for ArtHouse Jersey





Life Without Pollinators is Fruitless



#LoveNature Festival



Plastic Free Jersey


DIAN MEZEC Living History Guide at 16 New Street



Tom Dingle, Director ArtHouse Jersey 2 | DISCOVER


P20 P32

P44 Credit: Barry Wells



Hillary McGrady, Director General of The National Trust







Inspiring Our Younger Generation World Wetlands Day



Membership - Reciprocal Agreements National Trust of Guernsey




Dates For The Diary DISCOVER | 3

4 | DISCOVER Image: Common Cuckoo 'Cuculus canorus'

Credit: Romano da Costa

View Point hattering Starlings flocking to the Royal Square and the Town Church in early winter… the strikingly black and orange caterpillars of the Cinnabar moth all too easily catching the eye in the height of summer… the mournful cries of Lapwings defending their territories in the meadows of St Ouen’s Bay… pushy pumped-up House sparrows incessantly pestering and begging for fallen crumbs at tea garden tables… ponds over brimming with abundant, squirming tadpoles… elegant House martins sweeping to and fro under the eaves… Thrushes urgently scurrying across lawns at dusk and dawn… windscreens sticky with accident prone moths as cars head into Continental Europe on a summer’s evening

These reflections of my childhood maybe viewed by some (especially if you are younger than half a century), as simply the nostalgic ramblings of a person inadvertently stuck in a golden era, where summers were hotter and the pace of life a lot slower. But before you accuse me of selective memory loss, please consider whether in reality you may be suffering from “shifting baseline syndrome”. This social phenomenon seeks to illustrate that humanity has a tendency to make judgements about the current state of the natural environment, using relatively recent criteria and data. As a result we have little idea of the long-term degradation that is occurring because our baseline judgements shift with every generation. For example what we perceive as a beautiful and unspoilt national park in St Ouen’s Bay, would probably be seen by previous generations as having been totally ruined by mining, over bearing recreational facilities, roads and coastal development. Whereas, what we consider to be currently degraded, such as St Brelade’s Bay escarpment or indeed the once rural setting of Trinity Church, will in turn be viewed by our children and future generations as acceptable as they will know no different. This is equally true of species loss or gain, so although we celebrate and welcome the influx of “rare” Marsh Harriers and Buzzards in Jersey over the last 20 years, future generations will simply see them as commonplace and have no inkling that they were once at risk. Similarly, the

relatively recent local extinction of the Yellowhammer, Glanville butterfly and the Cuckoo, will become meaningless and inconsequential, as the next generation will have never had the opportunity to experience these species in their wild environment. Sadly their baselines will have shifted and they will not recognise the tragedy of no longer being able to hear, anticipate and celebrate the traditional herald of Spring. As a result there is a real risk that our community will simply sleep walk into environmental degradation, given that the process is gradual and piecemeal. Meanwhile, conservationists will continue to face an uphill struggle for support, as people will not see or value the loss and damage that the conservationists are seeking to actively address. If our community does not perceive and understand the changes that are taking place, then ultimately our society is failing to successfully pass that information to the next generation in a meaningful, accessible and tangible way. Perhaps part of the problem is that we wish to avoid the truth. For which Government or society would wish to admit that their respective policies and actions have been responsible for more habitat loss, more ecological damage, and more species loss than any other generation previously. In our blinkered and feverish pursuit of economic growth, we have foolishly not taken account of our limited natural resources or indeed the true environmental cost/ legacy. Surely the time has come to appoint the environmental auditors and balance the books! Fortunately this process is beginning to take hold with the value of natural capital gaining political recognition. Our own Environment Department has been tasked with assessing Jersey’s natural assets and ecosystem services over the next few years, as part of the Rural Strategy (Initial Report was due to be completed by July 2017). In addition the data and biological records that have been accumulated, with so much dedication and commitment by local naturalists over the years, are now supplemented by new monitoring projects, as well as being actively used to generate State of the Environment Reports. Such reports give a valuable overview and insight into the health of our wildlife over 30/40 year periods. However, there is considerably more work

to be done if we are to avoid generational amnesia and take the action necessary to avoid further destruction and loss. For example our fledgling Biological Record Centre, should not be forced to rely on handouts for its survival, but should be adequately funded and supported by the Government of Jersey, so that we have reliable data to demonstrate loss and gain. The Government already funds the historic building register and I see no reason or justification whatsoever for treating our natural assets any differently. Likewise it is hoped that the educational aims of conservation organisations like ourselves, as well as the record centre, will increasingly focus on bringing this data and resource to life, in order to give it value, and to ensure that our baselines are informed and accurate. Let’s tell our children about the wonders of the Cuckoo, it’s amazing life cycle, it’s distinctive call, it’s incredible annual migration, the threats and what we need to do to bring it back from the brink. Let’s not simply record it and lament its loss. The Biological Intactness Record seeks to demonstrate how complete a country’s biodiversity is and how much it has depleted over centuries due to human activities. Depressingly the UK is one of the most nature-depleted countries in the world and of 218 countries assessed it ranked 189. It is difficult to accurately extrapolate and say that this equally applies to Jersey, but in my lifetime it is clear that the abundance of nature has been seriously depleted. If we are going to stand any chance of reversing this trend we need to make sure that we never forget the losses we have already suffered.



Estimated losses that have occurred over the last 35 years from the British Trust of Ornithology and Butterfly Conservation Trust:

















in the news Updates from The Elms‌

n order to create much needed office space and to approve the overall accessibility the Trust is temporarily relocating the Council/General Meeting room down to the Pressoir store room. Thereafter, the existing Council room will be converted to a number of additional desk spaces as well as a multi-use reception area. Work is also being undertaken to connect the workshop to main drains, and convert the redundant septic tank to a rain water storage facility. This will collect rain water from the roofs of the workshop and storage sheds, which will be available for usage in the Walled Garden. Connection to the main drains is also the first step for the longer term re-modelling of the workshop area to improve staff facilities.


In addition the Trust has been fighting a losing battle with the old gravel surface of the main vehicular entrance to The Elms. It is no longer capable of withstanding the heavy volume of traffic it is required to accommodate and although it has been regularly restored it quickly becomes rutted and uneven. How to deal with the problem without detracting from the historic appearance of The Elms has been under consideration for some time. It was eventually agreed that a full re-surfacing project must be undertaken and various materials have been evaluated. It was finally concluded that Jersey granite cobbles would be the most appropriate finish and a Planning application was made to the Environment Department proposing this approach. As The Elms is a grade 2 listed property it is necessary to apply for Planning Permission for almost any alteration work, even of a minor nature.

Having obtained Planning approval, tenders were obtained from local contractors and the experienced company of J.P. Anger (Paving) Ltd. was appointed to carry out the works. The 150 square metres, or approximately 4,500 cobbles, required for the project were supplied by the Trust from part of a large quantity of salvaged cobbles, donated approximately 25 years ago from the Jersey Gas Company. These cobbles are worn, multi-coloured stones of assorted sizes which will provide a pleasing traditional appearance to this important driveway leading to the Trust’s headquarters. By the time you read this article the works should be nearing completion and if you are in the vicinity, please call in and admire our contractor’s efforts.

hot off the press The Trust has developed a new Corporate Opportunities brochure which has been sent to both existing and prospective Corporate Members with the aim of increasing our Corporate membership and encouraging Corporate members to support the Trust when considering their Corporate and Social Responsibility (CSR) plans. We are delighted that Ashburton Investments continue to partner with the Trust, now in its 11th year, of sponsoring the Sunset Concerts. Over the time of their sponsorship the concerts have become an essential staple of Jersey’s summer calendar and raised over £80,000 towards the National Trust Jersey’s Coastline Campaign.

Since partnering with the Trust Ashburton staff have cleaned beaches, cleared fields, cultivated land for lavender planting, built bee hives and bird hides, cleared hemlocks from orchid fields and even painted Le Don Hilton. These efforts have helped to maintain the coastline, protect wild habitats of Jersey’s range of native species and aided the Trust in continuing to preserve our Island’s diverse natural environment. Building on this ethos, following a rising battle against the amount of single use plastics left behind over previous years, Ashburton were delighted to achieve ‘Plastic Free Jersey status’ at last year’s Sunset Concerts, building the foundation for years to come.

Why not hire one of our unique properties From the Island’s only working watermill to a secluded fort nestled high on the north coast and a fully restored Georgian town house, the National Trust for Jersey has the perfect property for that special occasion. Whether you are organising a formal dinner or a barbecue, all our iconic buildings offer a picturesque backdrop to your event. All funds generated through our property hire support the Trust’s work to conserve Jersey’s land and safeguard the buildings in its care. We have made a few changes to our Terms & Conditions for the 2019 season. Please see our website www.nationaltrust.je or call the office on 483193

LE CÂTEL FORT AND LE DON HILTON Rates £270 for members £300 non-members for duration of the hire. Mon noon – Fri 10am or Fri noon – Mon 10am Weddings £400 Fri noon - Mon 10am or Mon noon – Fri 10am Includes the cost of a Trust Representative (mandatary) and site registration.

16 NEW STREET GEORGIAN HOUSE 16 New Street is also licensed for small civil wedding ceremonies. Rates Hire of the whole House £800 Hire of first floor £500 Hourly £150 (minimum 2 hours)



News from Amy Hall Jersey Biodiversity Centre manager www.jerseybiodiversitycentre.org.je The Jersey Biodiversity Centre (JBC) is not-for-profit organisation that collects, collates and manages information on the natural environment for Jersey. It is hosted by the Société Jersiase within their Pier Road headquarters. In late 2018 the JBC launched a new website following a generous donation from the Gerard Le Claire Environmental Trust. The website was built using ‘Indicia’ which is an open source and fully customisable platform that provides a toolkit of ready-made components required to build online biological recording websites. The website includes the ability for both specialist organisations and members of the public to record wildlife sightings within the Islands territorial waters. Anyone can add a ‘casual’ record or for the more avid wildlife recorder there is the option to create an account, with the website then acting as a private wildlife recording facility.

Consultation for new Wildlife Law In October the Trust was invited, along with other conservation organisations and interested islanders, to consult on proposed changes to the Wildlife Law (2000). The consultation process and proposed amendments were focussed around the following key issues: •

Revised definitions for ‘wild animal’ and ‘wild bird’

Changes to the protection levels for wild animals, birds and plants

More protection for dens, nests, breeding sites and resting sites

New allowances for areas of special protection to be declared

Tighter controls over methods of capturing all wild animals and birds

Revised controls to prevent the release of animals, birds and plants into the wild

A more effective licensing framework


The Trust is delighted that the issue of disturbance to animals whilst in “resting sites” as opposed to just nests and dens will be addressed. An example of this would be the disturbance of Brent Geese by stray dogs or jet skis in St Aubin's Bay. The Trust has also sought clarification as to why Carrion Crows and Magpies have not been classed as protected species along with all other naturally occurring bird species. Whilst some people may question this stance, the Trust wishes to seek justification for their exclusion from the list, so as to ensure that the proposed law is robust and adequately drafted, as opposed to being reliant on historic precedent and hearsay. The Trust has also suggested that consideration be given to widening the “non-native” species list to include, for example, feral geese, a species that has been intentionally released into the wild, causing a range of problems from air traffic safety to habitat degradation.

Account holders will have access to all of their personal biological records and also have the ability to download their records in spreadsheet format. All data entries can also be viewed by researchers and species experts undertaking local and international studies. The iRecord app (available for both Android and Apple devices) can also be used to record data in ‘real time’ whilst in the field or at sea. All data recorded via iRecord is automatically shared with the Jersey Biodiversity Centre for inclusion in the Islands biodiversity dataset. It is hoped that the new data entry facility on the website and the iRecord phone app will be used by all members of society to record biological data within Jersey.  This data can then be used by policy makers to help safeguard Jersey’s natural assets for future generations.

Gorilla Sculptures The Trust has been approached by Durrell Wildlife Zoo for potential sites for their fund-raising gorilla sculptures. A number of suggestions have been made including Plémont, La Cotte, Croix de la Bataille and Pitt Street – Keep a lookout !

LIDAR Survey – Jersey Heritage The Trust has agreed to contribute £5,000 towards a LIDAR survey of the Channel Islands, being commissioned by Jersey Heritage. This will help enhance our understanding of our archaeological landscape. Hopefully afford protection for our historic coastal sites, as well as feeding into the Countryside Character Appraisal Review as part of the Island Plan.

Easy Fundraising Did you know that whenever you buy anything online – from your weekly shop to your annual holiday – you could be raising a free donation for The National Trust for Jersey? The National Trust for Jersey is registered as a charity on easyfundraising and there are nearly 3,000 retailers including Amazon, John Lewis, M&S and British Airways who will donate a percentage of the amount you spend to The Trust to say thank you for shopping with them. It’s really simple, all you have to do is: Head to www.easyfundraising.org.uk/causes/ nationaltrustjersey/ and sign up for free. Every time you shop online, go to easyfundraising first, pick the retailer you want and start shopping. After you’ve checked out, that retailer will make a donation to your good cause for no extra cost whatsoever! There are no catches or hidden charges and the Trust will be really grateful for your donations.

Lidar is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating the target with pulsed laser light and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor. Differences in laser return times and wavelengths can then be used to make digital 3-D representations of the target - .Wikipedia

Association of Jersey Charities Grant Last December the Trust was delighted to receive a grant of £50,000 towards the cost of the new office area and multi-purpose meeting room. To ensure best value The Trust is in the process of revisiting the plans to accommodate a potential larger office space within the potato store above the pig stys. The Trust may need to go back to planning to get further approvals for change of use and parking before this phase of development commences.

Photography We know that many of our members enjoy photography, and we would love to be in receipt of your photos, capturing the Trust's open spaces and places. Whether you are going for a spring walk, visiting one of our properties or attending an event, please share your photos with us and send them to enquires@nationaltrust.je. Your photo may very well end up in the next edition of our Discover magazine.


CHANGE OF GUARD AT THE BARRACKS ver since the Trust acquired Grève de Lecq Barracks in 1972, it has been seeking a long term vision for this important historic site, which would secure public benefit, financial sustainability, and showcase its immense architectural and heritage significance. Over many years the Barracks served as an important interpretation/visitor centre, partially funded by the Environment Department and manned by a wonderful band of volunteers. However, when our funding was withdrawn, it soon became apparent that considerable investment would be required if we were going to address the decline in visitor numbers and secure its long term future as a museum site. Given the Trust’s financial constraints and repair backlog, it was difficult to justify expenditure of over £500,000, when this would provide little financial return. The decision was therefore taken to convert two more blocks to self-catering accommodation and potentially develop the rest of the site, as and when finances allowed. However, in the interim we were approached by ArtHouse Jersey looking for a new home to encompass offices, studios and self-catering accommodation. In our minds this was a “marriage made in heaven”, as such an arrangement would not only satisfy our financial requirements but also deliver the public benefit and access that we were keen to secure. At long last a long term vision for the Barracks could be realised, through the power of partnership, with the site becoming an exciting hub for artistic and cultural endeavour. As we head in a new direction and embark upon a new chapter in the life of the Barracks, Jeremy Barnes of Barnes Collie Fischer, explains the architectural and conservation strategy behind the project, whilst Mairéad Siobhán of ArtHouse Jersey describes their vision for their new home. 10 | D I S C O V E R



The construction of Grève de Lecq Barracks began in 1810 as part of the preparations made to repel a French invasion, a constant threat during the Napoleonic War. Once completed the barracks could accommodate up to 250 British troops in two barrack blocks, each comprising four dormitories and two rooms for non-commissioned officers, facing onto the parade ground. A central block provided officers’ quarters. The barracks were built in the Board of Ordnance’s “utilitarian Regency Style” with hipped slate roofs and granite walls. Slates were imported from Wales and window cills were cut from Purbeck stone from Dorset. After the army left in 1926 the buildings fell into disuse until they were acquired by the National Trust for Jersey in 1972 and restored to their current condition. Until recently the barracks were home to interpretive displays and storage of historic artefacts.

The Trust has now launched a project to conserve the barracks and to furnish two blocks as self-catering units of holiday accommodation, following the model of the officers’ quarters which has been let successfully as a vacation, or “staycation” apartment for several years. In future, a dormitory where around sixty soldiers formerly slept, will accommodate a family or group of up to six holidaymakers.


The National Trust for Jersey plays a major role in conserving, maintaining and providing interpretive information of sites of the natural environment and buildings of historic and cultural significance in the Island. The Trust has a reputation for carrying out conservation of historic environments to the highest standards. It is hoped that the proposed work at Grève de Lecq Barracks will provide an exemplar of the type. The buildings and parade ground of Grève de Lecq Barracks constitute a “Grade 1 Listed Place” and, given the objectives of the Trust, this presents an opportunity to demonstrate how the principles of Historic Building Conservation might be applied, whilst still securing a sustainable use for the buildings.


Below: Drama at the Barracks, soldiers performing a mock court martial


The approach taken in the re-purposing of part of the barracks follows the “fabric first” principle of adopting passive measures of insulating and sealing the envelope to reduce heat loss and airleakage. Once this has been achieved the second step is to seek a renewable source of energy using low and zero carbon technology. The building envelope will be thermally upgraded to meet current standards by the addition of sheep’s wool insulation internally to the walls, in the ground floor construction and in the roof. Sheep’s wool insulation is a material of comparatively low embodied energy, that is, the lowest amount of energy has been expended in sourcing and processing the insulant, to which must be added the “material miles” of transport to Jersey. Natural and sustainable materials will be used throughout the refurbishment and new work. No part of the historic fabric will be removed and all new work will be reversible. Existing timber doors, and eight-over-eight pivoting windows will be restored and fitted with internal secondary glazing in painted timber frames to minimise heat loss and condensation.

The self-catering units will be heated by air-to-water heat pumps, with underfloor heating pipes in the ground floor construction. The measures adopted to insulate and warm the barracks will temper the interior environment to make the apartments comfortable for inhabitants all year round. They are also good for the buildings because they help to protect the historic fabric and preserve it for the future. New timber, used in the insulated lining, will be dried to a low moisture content and the gentle warming of the under floor heating, which is always just a few degrees higher than the internal design temperature, will help to maintain the low moisture content in both new and old timber. An interesting discovery was made during the initial stages of the current work. The fireplaces, which are present in each barrack room, have an air chamber behind the fire-back, which warms air brought into the building under the floorboards. The warmed air then rises naturally and enters the room through a high level grille in the face of the chimney, thus ventilating the room with prewarmed air.

Rainwater that falls on the roofs of Grève de Lecq Barracks was, and is, collected in large underground storage tanks, which incorporate silt traps, and this reservoir provided all of the water needed by the garrison for drinking, cooking and ablutions. Today’s mains water supply is cleaned to a very high standard so that it can be used for drinking and cooking. This uses energy and it is wasteful to use treated water for flushing toilets. The water that collects in the rainwater tanks of Grève de Lecq Barracks to this day will be filtered to remove debris and pumped to the apartments for toilet flushing and clothes washing. This system, known as rainwater harvesting, is believed to reduce consumption of treated mains water by between 25% and 30%.


Works began in earnest in mid January and the appointed contractors N. Masefield Ltd are due to complete the project by mid-July. It is therefore hoped that by August the barrack blocks will once again be used as accommodation, emulating in a more modern manner, the design measures which used to ensure our British troops were comfortable and well catered for whilst stationed in Jersey.

D I S C O V E R | 11


e m o H A New for ArtHouse Jersey BY MAIRÉAD SIOBHÁN

'Sound of Colour' Photo credit: Todd MacDonald

rtHouse Jersey, the organisation behind some of the biggest community art projects in the Island, will be relocating to Grève de Lecq Barracks this summer, setting up home in a unique location where they can continue their work supporting artists to have an impact on the local community and international audiences. But who exactly are ArtHouse Jersey? Well, that’s a question they’ve been asking themselves. Formally known as the Jersey Arts Trust, the organisation began a strategic refresh in 2016 which brought about a new name, refined aims and now as the strategy unfolds: a new home. You might not find their name familiar, but they are behind a diverse array of recent high-profile projects including the Paper Talks exhibitions and the Skipton Open Studios, as well as smaller scale offerings like the Sound of Colour event which saw a composer and film-maker work with Jason Butler to stage a distinctive event that brought together the visual arts and music. These are just some of the more visible outputs of their programme. Their mission, to support artists and the creation of new work, sees them award funding to local artists. Notable recipients include filmmaker Michael Pearce, who has recently won a BAFTA for his film ‘Beast’. Other recipients have included Jersey country singer Frankie Davies, the Musical Originals Choir, playwright Hannah Patterson and rap poet Christian Foley. Elsewhere, the ArtHouse Jersey residency program has welcomed artists of international acclaim to the island including celebrated stage and screen writers Mike Bartlett and James Graham and sculptor Stephen Cox RA.

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'Skipton Open Studio 2018' Photo credit: Holly Smith

The close knit community feel and incredibly beautiful scenery of Grève de Lecq amplifies the very best qualities of our Island - Tom Dingle, ArtsHouse Jersey

So, while you may not have known their name before, the team at ArtHouse Jersey has been working quietly behind the scenes to develop the local arts community. And they have big plans for the future. Director, Tom Dingle, is upbeat about the future of the organisation.

From a practical perspective, the selfcatering residential units at the Barracks will allow us to expand our programme and the residencies we offer. Whilst the location as our offices and base for events will provide those who visit and work with us, a unique and inspiring setting.

"Our move to Grève de Lecq Barracks comes at a very exciting time for us,” said Tom.

The close knit community feel and incredibly beautiful scenery of Grève de Lecq amplifies the very best qualities of our Island and as ArtHouse Jersey aims to grow into an internationally recognised arts organisation there is no better location to be based, as the Barracks sells the very best of what Jersey has to offer. We are particularly looking forward to growing our partnership with the National Trust for Jersey, whose expertise in stewardship and focus on the natural environment is both inspiring and vital for all of our futures. It provides rich territory for artistic exploration.

We have been working to reshape our role in the arts community. Last year saw us grow our team and diversify our programme and this year we are focusing on our impact in the community, building a pipeline that will have more international presence. It is our hope that our move to the Barracks this July will provide a home that represents the aspirations of our organisation and also fits the needs of the artists we work with.

We aim to inspire and produce high-quality art for our local community, and our new unique and historic home will enable us to do this. The Barracks will become an iconic centre of art that celebrates the best of Jersey and attracts an international audience to our wonderful Island."

Get to know more about ArtHouse Jersey’s Director, Tom Dingle, as part of our My Jersey feature on page 31 and head to www.arthouse.je to find out more about the future tenants of the Barracks. 'Jackie the Baboon' Photo credit: Lucy le Lievre D I S C O V E R | 13


doing our bit to tackle

climate change

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In October last year the Integrated Panel on Climate Change (IPPC)* report provided a stark warning to the world that we have just 12 years to act to limit global warming and avoid the most damaging climate change scenarios. With that in mind the Trust has been looking at how we can ‘do our bit’ and in mid January Le Rât underwent a Home Energy Audit to discover how much energy was required to heat the property, how good the building was at retaining the heat and what could be done to make it more energy efficient. The Home Energy Audit programme is a new Government of Jersey initiative being launched by the Growth, Housing and Environment Department to provide home owners with independent advice on energy efficiency, tailored to their individual property. A trained and accredited Domestic Energy Assessor visited Le Rât and spent about an hour and a half taking room measurements, looking at the heating, lighting and insulation provision, making notes about the building’s age, construction type, windows and flooring as well as taking a photographic record of their findings.

After the site visit, the assessor input this information into an energy assessment tool that has been specifically adapted for Jersey, this created a report on current energy consumption, costs and greenhouse gas emissions. It also provided a list of recommendations to what could be done for reducing energy consumption.

Following the energy audit the energy assessor made the following recommendations:-

Older properties are generally less well insulated and are likely to have relatively low ratings from an energy audit. For listed historic buildings it may not be possible to undertake all the recommendations given and advice should always be sought from the Historic Buildings team before undertaking any work.

• There were good controls on both the heating and hot water.

• The loft spaces were relatively well insulated. However, the two loft hatches were uninsulated allowing an easy route for heat to escape and for draughts to flow.

• Although some of the light bulbs were compact fluorescents, which are lower energy than incandescent bulbs they had a long warm up time. It would be beneficial to replace all bulbs with LEDs. • It was recommended that operating the space heating at lower temperatures for longer periods, rather than higher temperatures for short periods, could result in reduced heating costs.

If you would like to get an energy audit completed on your home, the estimated cost for an average property is between £200-£350. To launch the programme in 2019 the States of Jersey is offering a time-limited £200 subsidy towards this cost, which is available to all domestic property owners on a first come first served basis.

For more information on getting a Home Energy Audit completed and to apply for the subsidy, visit www.gov.je/energyaudit *IPPC = The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change.

D I S C O V E R | 15

D I S C O V E R | H A M P T O NN E


Hamptonne Country Life Museum Hamptonne Country Life Museum is an important partnership project between the Trust, the Société Jersiaise and Jersey Heritage Trust. Established over 35 years ago to secure the future of this important complex of historical buildings, the partnership has been enormously successful in delivering a much loved Country Life Museum, enjoyed by visitors and locals alike. However, partnership agreements and museum interpretation, both need to be regularly reviewed. The former to ensure good governance and the latter to meet changing visitor expectations. This process has recently been undertaken at Hamptonne and Neil Molyneux explains the reasoning behind the new lease arrangements, whilst Charles Alluto reflects on his recent visit to the refurbished Syvret House.

Hamptonne Lease between the Société Jersiaise and Jersey Heritage B Y N E I L MO L Y N E U X

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In late 2018 the Council of the National Trust for Jersey gave their consent for the granting of a ninety-nine year lease of Hamptonne by the Société Jersiaise to Jersey Heritage. The lease was passed before the Royal Court on Friday December 21st 2018, and came into effect on January 1st 2019. The lease replaced the previous agreements between the three organisations about the management of Hamptonne and, from the point of view of the Société Jersiaise and Jersey Heritage, was part of the complete overhaul of the relationships between these bodies, a relationship that had gone ahead on an ad-hoc basis over the previous 35 years.

encouraged, to further improve and restore it. The initial work of restoration, at great cost, by the Société Jersiaise, is now a quarter of a century old and renovation, particularly of the thatched roofs, will soon be a necessary expense of the tenant.

The new lease gives important assurances to all three organisations. Firstly, for Jersey Heritage, it gives security of tenure, which it had not previously had. The Trustees of Jersey Heritage felt that this was necessary before they committed any substantial sums of money towards the improvement, or indeed the maintenance of the site. For the Société Jersiaise and the National Trust for Jersey, as usufruct and freeholder, the main benefit is the security of a long-term tenant who is legally bound to maintain and run the site at its own expense and who is obliged or, at least

The Société Jersiaise will be receiving an annual rent for the site from Jersey Heritage of £30,000 initially, increasing in line with the Retail Price Index. This rent is limited to the general re-structuring of arrangements between the Société Jersiaise and Jersey Heritage, whereby an annual grant of money from Jersey Heritage to the Société Jersiaise in support of its activities has been converted into rental income, thus securing this line of the Société’s funding which had previously been uncertain.

The lease does of course strictly limit the use to which the site may be put to, that of a “country life museum”, and guarantees the free access of Société Jersiaise and National Trust for Jersey members under the same conditions as previously. Otherwise the terms of the lease are generally those of a normal commercial lease.



ithin the farm complex of Hamptonne, lies a relatively modern and modest farm house, which given its north-south alignment and the fact that its rear elevation faces directly onto La Rue de la Patente, can all too easily be missed on a cursory visit to the museum. This would be a grave error as this 5 bay building dating from the 1830s, which was formerly used for temporary exhibitions, as well as a film set for Under the Greenwood Tree, has recently undergone a complete transformation. Under the careful direction of the team at Jersey Heritage, the Syvret House has been refurbished and reinterpreted as a farmhouse from the late 1940s, giving us a valuable insight into rural life post- Occupation. As soon as you enter the house you are greeted by the sound of voices recounting their daily activities and anecdotes, as well as their trials and tribulations. This helps to draw you into the past, whilst still echoing the familiar, and reminding you that you are entering a period of time which is very much within living memory. It is also a period of transition, where one senses through the conversations that the last vestiges of a certain way of life are slipping away, with Jèrriais becoming fully subservient to English. This is also reflected by the furnishings, where we see candles and oil lamps slowly being replaced by electric, coal fires giving way to electric heaters, the carpet beater made redundant by the eminently modern carpet sweeper, and large transistor radios foreshadowing the imminent revolution in communications. Of course this transition is in part due to the financial position of the tenants, as they gradually recover from the rationing and relative poverty of the Occupation, and are able to consider purchasing new items for the house or indeed buying a home of their own. This is beautifully captured by the juxtaposition of the tin bath, cotton curtains, and the pig’s head for the brawn, with the stylish rugs, settee and luxury food items including Bournville chocolate, Hornimans tea and Huntley & Palmer biscuits. A new sense of optimism also pervades the house with a plethora of board games and children’s toys, whilst the Jersey herd books, espouses the new wealth to be secured from exporting the breed overseas. Without doubt the exquisite attention to detail in this atmospheric re-interpretation successfully gives you a sense and flavour of the post-occupation years. Its subtlety and reliance on stimulating the senses, as opposed to standard interpretation boards/displays, delivers a far more immersive experience. On a personal level it easily brought back happy memories of my grandparents, with the “floral pinnie”, brown sofa, tinned foods, carpet sweeper and brawn all playing an important part in their post-war household. The repair and refurbishment of the Syvret House has been long over-due, but it has been well worth the wait and hopefully it will no longer be overshadowed by its older neighbours.

HAMPTONNE COUNTRY LIFE MUSEUM Open daily from 29th March to 29th September 10am to 5pm Free entry for National Trust for Jersey members.

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New land acquired

Jon Parkes, Lands Manager, provides an update on land recently acquired by the Trust. LE DON CROOKSTON – LES MALTIÈRES In December the Trust secured a further 26 vergées within Grouville Marsh thanks to the generous support of a number of benefactors, including The Andrew Crookston Settlement Fund, who the site will be named after. This latest acquisition by the Trust increases its holdings within the marsh to 40% of the 89 vergée reserve, encompassing reed bed, willow carr and fen wetland habitats. The new land comprises valuable grazed wet grassland and arable fields, which will continue to be tenanted and farmed organically by the Le Maistre family, who, along with members of the Chef Tenants du Fief de la Reine Grouville, make up the majority of the remaining ownership of the marsh. As well as working with the Chef Tenants and the Department of the Environment, who designated Les Maltières an ecological Site of Special Interest in 2009, the Trust also works alongside the Buxton family whose historical bird records have

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been instrumental in recognising the site for its magnitude as a semi-natural wildlife reserve. The Buxton family own land within the marsh and over the years brothers David and Ian have recorded and ringed over 170 species of resident and migratory birds, as their father Eddie did before them. These records are extremely useful in understanding the ecology of the site and most importantly how to conserve their habitat. In December a Pallas's Leaf Warbler was recorded within the reed bed of Les Maltières, Jersey’s first ever record. The significance of these kinds of rare bird sightings demonstrates the marsh’s importance on a local scale. In addition to rarities such as the Palla’s Leaf Warbler, several more familiar but still endangered bird species reside or visit the marsh throughout the year, including Teal, Cetti’s Warbler, Snipe and Woodcock. Hundreds of records of flowering plants and invertebrates have also been collected over the years by dedicated specialist groups such as the Société Jersiaise Botany and Entomology sections.

With increasing demand for residential development in Gorey Village. Evocative names such as “La Rue des Près” and “Le Marais” indicate the low-lying south east of the Island was once dominated by meadows and swamps, making Les Maltières something of a last bastion of wetland habitat. It is crucial that this Wetland area is permanently protected.

ST CATHERINE’S LAND In July the Trust’s tender to purchase 12 vergées of coastal agricultural land in St Catherine’s bay was accepted by the land owners, The States of Jersey. The Trust is grateful for the very generous support of our benefactor who recognised the value of protecting this coastal land for the benefit of the Island, who covered the acquisition costs, and to several States members who also worked hard to ensure the value of our tender was recognised. The three agricultural fields are located on both sides of La Route de la Côte, also known as Pine Walk after the magnificent Monterey Pines that line the road and provide such an important landmark to the approach to St Catherine’s Breakwater. At the time of writing, the Trust is hopeful that the contract will pass through court within the next month, once ownership and maintenance of a surface water drain, which dissects one of the fields, has been confirmed. After discovering the drains, the Trust has has been working with both the Parish of St Martin and the States of Jersey to resolve these outstanding issues. Once the contract has passed though court the Trust hopes to lease the fields to a local agriculturalist and will give special consideration to potential tenants who can offer gains in increased biodiversity. The large pines have already been evaluated by the Trust’s Ranger and arboriculturalist, Richard Rive, and a maintenance schedule will be devised to ensure the trees remain healthy and the road remains safe for users.

FIELDS 49 & 51 MAUPERTUIS FARM, ST CLEMENTS Maupertuis Farm was inherited by the Trust in 2000, subject to a number of life interests, including the farm’s current occupants. The small holding was originally acquired with six agricultural fields adjacent to the former Samarès Glasshouse site, currently being developed for housing. As well as granting wayleave rights for drainage across one of these fields, the Trust has also helped to facilitate the construction of a new cycle track/footpath through the same field, linking to the eastern cycle track network. In return for the wayleave rights and a thin section of the field for the cycle track, the Trust received two further agricultural fields. The benefits of the current agreement are that the Trust is able to substantially consolidate its holding around Maupertuis Farm, in an area extremely vulnerable to development. This not only protects the setting of the farm complex but also makes it more viable as a small holding in the longer term. The field that will accommodate the new cycle track will also be subject to a restrictive covenant preventing any development in the future.

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Life without pollinators is fruitless. BY JON RAULT CONSERVATION OFFICER

Produce with bees

Produce without bees

here are few creatures on Earth more important than insect pollinators. They are essential to the reproductive cycles of most flowering plants, which in turn form the habitats that all wildlife relies upon for food and shelter.

These crops constitute the most interesting, delicious and nutritious elements of our diets, including most fruits, seeds and nuts, as well as several high-value commodity crops such as coffee, cocoa and oilseed rape. In terms of volume, we have pollinators to thank for one in every three mouthfuls of food that we eat.

As well as playing crucial roles in ecosystems, wild insects are also inextricably linked to human well-being through crop production and food security. Three quarters of all the different types of crops that humans grow around the world benefit from animal pollination, with insects providing the vast majority of this service.

In the UK alone, insects pollinate ÂŁ690 million worth of crops each year. If humans attempted to replicate this crop pollination service ourselves it would cost us an estimated ÂŁ1.8 billion every year!

Pollinator Diversity When we think about pollinators most of us naturally tend to think of the familiar Honeybee. In fact, at least 1500 different species are thought to play a role in pollinating plants in the UK. Insect pollinators are an incredibly diverse group that includes butterflies, moths, wild bees, wasps, flies and beetles, with honeybees thought to be responsible for pollinating just 5-15% of the UK's insect-pollinated crops.

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Marmalade Hoverfly Longhorn Beetle


phant Ha

Small Ele

Buzzkill iodiversity loss may prove to be the defining issue of our age. A global review of 73 long-term studies of insects published in February revealed dramatic insect declines that could lead to the extinction of 40% of the world’s insect species over the next few decades. The 2016 State of Nature report found that 56% of UK species have declined since 1970, and approximately 15% of the almost 8,000 species assessed are threatened with local extinction. Another recent assessment of the ‘biodiversity intactness’ of 218 nations ranked the UK in 189th place, indicating that our corner of the world is now one of the most nature-depleted parts of the planet. Even within European nature reserves enormous changes to insect communities are being observed. Research published in 2017 revealed that three quarters of all flying insects had vanished from nature reserves in Germany since 1989. Further evidence that things are going downhill for insects across much of Europe is provided by the rapid population declines observed for birds that specialise in eating aerial insects. Unfortunately, Jersey doesn’t possess any long-term abundance data like that which was used in the studies mentioned above, so we simply don’t know what the trends are over the longer-term. The limited pollinator abundance data that we do have for butterflies paints a mixed picture. Analysis of the first 10 years of data collected as part of the Jersey Butterfly Monitoring Scheme indicates that butterfly populations in semi-natural habitats in Jersey fared rather well between 2004 and 2013. Over the same period butterfly populations in agricultural habitats were stable, however steep declines

were observed within Jersey’s managed parks and domestic gardens. Unfortunately, we simply don’t know what the abundance trends are for the other groups of insect pollinators in Jersey because we don’t currently have a monitoring scheme in place for them. Nobody working in conservation science doubts that we are living through a period of dramatic environmental change, and that human dominion over the planet is the primary driving force behind it. Of course, we have not made a conscious decision to dismantle the ecological web of life upon which we are ultimately reliant, rather it has come about as an unintended consequence of our enormous success. It is this success that has driven the declines in pollinators and other wildlife, which stem from a complex combination of interacting stressors. These stressors include habitat destruction and fragmentation, agricultural intensification, urbanisation, the overzealous use of chemical pesticides and herbicides, the introduction of invasive species and novel diseases, and climate change. The destruction and fragmentation of flower-rich habitat has been especially damaging to pollinator populations, with the fate of British wildflower meadows providing a particularly striking example of the scale of what has been lost. Speciesrich meadows, filled with colourful wildflowers and the associated biodiversity that they support, were once a widespread and ubiquitous part of our landscape. Sadly, today’s landscape is largely devoid of these biodiversity treasure-troves, with 97% of Britain’s wildflower meadows having been lost since the 1930’s.

Here in Jersey our wet meadows, once alive with diverse communities of wild plants and associated biodiversity, have similarly been drained and ‘improved’ for agriculture or developed for housing and industrial use. Today, these magical places, resplendent with wild orchids, have been reduced to small, isolated fragments in just a few places, such as Le Noir Pré and Le Clos de Seigneur in St Ouen’s Bay, and La Blinerie in Grouville. If we continue to degrade and destroy wild habitats, insects will increasingly struggle to find the food, shelter and nesting sites they need. The eminent biologist E.O. Wilson eloquently illustrated the gravity of this problem when he said

If all mankind were to disappear, the world would regenerate to the rich state of equilibrium that existed ten thousand years ago. If insects were to vanish, the environment would collapse in to chaos. We would do well to heed his words and take action now as a matter of great urgency.

Swallowtail Butterfly

Cliff Mining Bee

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Bee the change you want to see in the world In order to shift our focus from problem to solution, what we really need are practical and easily achievable projects that we can all get behind. By joining forces and working towards common goals, even seemingly insurmountable environmental problems can be addressed. It is in this spirit of collaboration and optimism that the National Trust for Jersey has partnered up with the Government of Jersey Department of Environment and several other government organisations and interested parties across the Channel Islands to bring the Pollinator Project to Jersey. The Pollinator Project was originally setup as a Société Guernesiaise initiative by Barry Wells and Vanessa Crispini-Adams in Guernsey in 2017 (see the interview with Barry Wells on page 24). The project really captured the imagination of delegates during last year’s Inter-Island Environment Meeting, the theme of which was environmental partnership. It was subsequently decided that the Pollinator Project was such a fantastic initiative that it should be rolled out across the Islands, and we are delighted to be working together with our partners to bring the project to Jersey in 2019.

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Flower to the people Through the Pollinator Project we are issuing a rallying cry for people to come together across the Channel Islands to take action by providing flower-rich habitat for pollinators in our gardens and communities, and that’s where you come in. Here are five simple actions you can take at home to help our precious pollinators:






Provide flowers rich in pollen and nectar. Grow a diverse range of colourful, vibrant flowering plants, shrubs and trees rich in the pollen and nectar that pollinators need throughout the year. Plan your garden so that pollinator-friendly plants come in to bloom in different seasons. Even if you don’t have a garden you can get involved – window boxes or pots of plants will also help pollinators too. No mow. If you have a lawn, consider allowing some areas to grow wild, cut your grass less often, and be sure to remove any cuttings. Even better would be to transform your lawn in to a wildflower meadow by sowing a native wildflower meadow seed mix. Protect and create pollinator nesting sites. Avoid disturbing nesting and hibernating insects in grass margins, bare soil, hedgerows, trees, dead wood and walls. Consider putting up a bee hotel and creating a hoverfly lagoon. Avoid using chemical pesticides and herbicides that are harmful to pollinators and other invertebrates. Spread the word by asking your neighbours, family members, and friends to get involved.

Gardens cover an extensive area across the Channel Islands. As part of the Pollinator Project we want to see these spaces transformed into a massive network of garden nature reserves. Our vision is that gardens should be places where people of all ages can connect with the natural world, with humans and wildlife thriving together in harmony. But we can’t realise this vision without your help. We need people in every parish across the Channel Islands to get involved by taking small actions on their patch. No matter how small or large your space, and regardless of whether you live in a town or the countryside, you can make a genuine contribution to biodiversity conservation by gardening in a wildlifefriendly way. The personal benefits of getting involved are enormous. Regardless of whether you want your garden to be a tranquil sanctuary from the busy world or a hardworking edible garden producing an abundance of vegetables and fruits, there is a glorious, flower-filled pollinator garden waiting for you. Together we can take the Channel Islands by swarm.

pollinatorproject.je The Pollinator Project website will act as an information hub for the project where you can learn everything you need to know to create a stunningly colourful, vibrant garden that provides vitally important habitat and resources for pollinators and other wildlife.

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Pollinating insects are in trouble. Intensive farming, climate change, urban growth and the over use of pesticides have all been devastating to these insects.


arry Wells has been a La Société Guernesiaise member since 1982, and is now their Vice President. He has had a long term passion for ornithology, nature photography, entomology and the environment in general. Having retired from a career in marketing, PR and advertising in 2016, he now devotes his time to environmental projects. He represents La Société on the States Biodiversity Strategy Partnership Group where he advises on the Biological Records Centre development. He is also a member of the Environment Advisory Group to the Vale Commons Council. However, his main endeavor in recent times has been setting up the Pollinator Project, which he co-founded with Vanessa Crispini-Adams in 2017. The aim of the project is to raise awareness of the genuine contribution we can each make to the enhancement of the Island's biodiversity by providing food and habitats for pollinators. In its first year it has won the Insurance Corporation's 2018 Best Conservation Project, and The Guernsey Community Awards Innovation Award. Barry brings his wide-ranging experience in PR and marketing to the Pollinator Project, as well as his comprehensive understanding of pollinating insects and their food and habitat requirements. He provides informative talks on pollinators and the objectives of the project, illustrated by his extensive natural history image library.

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What inspired you to set up the pollinator project in Guernsey? Pollinating insects are in trouble. Intensive farming, climate change, urban growth and the over use of pesticides have all been devastating to these insects. And yet, one out of every three mouthfuls of our food depends on pollination taking place. It is impossible to overestimate how important pollinators are to us.

What are your priorities for the next three years and what do you hope to achieve? With over 1700 of Guernsey's 6300 hectares of land designated as gardens, this is a massive untapped source for biodiversity. If garden owners “set aside” 10% of their land for pollinating insects, this would add over 150 hectares to the 'natural' habitat of the island – the equivalent of over 200 football pitches. Of course we see this as a minimum - we hope people will do more. Just as important, is how by learning to support pollinators, we hope that the project will encourage a deeper interaction between people and the ecosystems that biodiversity depend upon. Developing local knowledge at community level - about what species we have in Guernsey and what plants they depend upon for their survival - is one of the key aims of the project. Recent research points to the need to engage people in the conservation of our natural world, if we are going to stem the tide of species decline.

Which projects are you most looking forward to working on? We are delighted that the Pollinator Project is spreading across to the other Channel Islands and are very much looking forward to collaborating with our colleagues across the water. In Guernsey, we are working with various States bodies to identify and then plant up public areas with pollinator friendly plants to provide an example of what everyone can do in their own gardens. Buglife, the UK invertebrate charity, is our inspiration for this. They have persuaded local councils in Plymouth, Bristol, Leicester, York and other cities to replant roundabouts, road verges and other open spaces with pollinator friendly flowers through their Urban Buzz project. Not only do these areas look attractive, they are also saving local authorities money through lower maintenance.

What makes the Channel Islands so special for you? It has to be the ability to leave my house and five minutes later be on a rocky seashore, in a wooded valley, or walking a stretch of beautiful clifftop (taking photographs of insects, of course). The biodiversity in and around these small landmasses is astounding. On our east coast, for example, I can watch dolphins, seals and seabirds, and yet from the same spot I can photograph C.I. specialties such as Green Lizards or Violet-winged Mining Bees.

What is your favourite pollinator and why? It would have to be the very attractive Wool Carder Bee (Anthidium mancatum) which loves Lamb’s-ear plants. These perennial herbs are densely covered with grey or silver-white hairs and female Wool Carder Bees line their nests with these hairs. It is great to sit in my garden and watch territorial males patrolling a patch of Lamb’s Ear, guarding their females and fighting off rival males, as well as any other bee that dares to venture too close.

What is your favourite plant and why? For several years now, I have experimented with numerous pollinator friendly perennials in my own garden, trying to work out which are best for these insects. One of the most successful, has been Blue Eryngo (Eryngium planum), also known as Flat Sea Holly, which is native to central and southeastern Europe and central Asia. It is a herbaceous perennial growing to 90 cm high with branched silveryblue stems, and numerous small blue conical flowerheads surrounded by spiky bracts in summer. It is bush-like in appearance but fits in well in any herbaceous border, and the blue is really striking.

Which environmentalists inspire you? Obviously David Attenborough and Chris Packham. George Monbiot and Dave Goulson* would also be high on my list.

*Bestselling author Professor Dave Goulson will be giving an evening talk as part of our Love Nature Festival on Friday 17th May in the members room at the Royal Jersey Agricultural & Horticultural Society. Professor of Biology at the University Of Sussex, Prof. Goulson specialises in the ecology and conservation of insects, particularly bumblebees. He is the author of three bestselling books, and founded the Bumblebee Conservation Trust in 2006. For full details of the event and to book tickets please visit the events section of our website at www.nationaltrust.je/events/

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#LoveNature Festival 15 to 19 May

The #LoveNature festival is taking place a week earlier than last year to avoid the bank holiday weekend and competing demands on people’s leisure time. Last year’s activity at the White House coincided with a very vibrant music festival and motorcycle event in the Bay – so here’s hoping that this year we will still experience sunny weather but it will be a bit more tranquil! Wildlife remains a key theme of the festival and there will be activities around bats, bees and birds. The Jersey Bat Group will be giving a ‘Hugh the Bat’ talk at the Wetland Centre followed by demonstrations at the pond of some of the different types of bat detectors used to spot these wonderful creatures. Bird watchers can enjoy regular bird tours with Neil Singleton and Alli Caldeira from ‘Jersey Birding Tours’ and early risers can observe bird ringing with the Trust’s Cristina Sellares from ‘Birds on the Edge’. The festival provides lots of opportunities for children to love nature and explore wildlife habitats. Little ones are invited for an up-close encounter with some local birds of prey and can learn about how they live and hunt in the wild. Tot’s tales, bug safaris, nature crafts and rock pool rambles will all feature over the course of the five day event. A highlight of the festival is an evening talk by Prof. Dave Goulson. His talk, will focus on the importance of making our gardens more wildlife friendly.

An opportunity to learn all about pollinators, their importance and how to help them takes place on Saturday 18th May at the Frances Le Sueur Centre, when we are inviting you to join us for our ‘Come Dine with Bee’ family picnic. Kazz Padidar will once again be offering introduction to bush craft and foraging and there will be wonderful botany walks with Tina Hull including the annual opening of the Orchid fields at Le Noir Pré and ‘behind the scenes’ walks with our National Trust Rangers. Walkers will visit places with strange sounding names such as ‘Bob’s’, ‘the Scrape’, ‘Eddie’s Hide’, ‘the Bath and Rock fields’ and ‘the north and south canals’ to name but a few… How we can live a more ‘plastic free’ life will be explored with Plastic Free Jersey together with a beach clean with Littlefeet environmental. Participants are asked to ‘ditch the disposables’ and bring along a re-usable cup wherever refreshments are on offer.

dave goulson A highlight of this year’s #LoveNature Festival is an evening talk by bestselling author Dave Goulson. Professor of Biology at the University Of Sussex, Dave Goulson specialises in the ecology and conservation of insect pollinators. He is the author of the bestselling popular science books ‘A Sting in the Tail’, ‘A Buzz in the Meadow’ and ‘Bee Quest’, as well as the forthcoming title ‘The Garden Jungle: or Gardening to Save the Planet’. In 2006 he founded the Bumblebee Conservation Trust, a charity which has since grown to 10,000 members. His talk, entitled ‘Gardening to Save the Planet’, will be held on Friday 17th May at 7:30pm in the member’s room at the Royal Jersey Agricultural & Horticultural Society. Admission is free but booking is essential. For more information on the programme log on to www.nationaltrust.je/events or follow us on Facebook and Twitter

Kindly supported by

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it's only one


plastic straw...said

billion people

A sobering realisation that the small decisions individuals make can collectively make a huge impact. The National Trust for Jersey has joined the growing army of organisations wishing to act more sustainably by joining ‘Plastic Free Jersey’ with the aim of reducing its use of single-use plastics. The plastic we use today will outlive us. It usually takes thousands of years to decompose, gradually breaking into smaller and smaller pieces until it becomes microscopic fragments. Larger plastic items pose obvious threats, but smaller pieces are perhaps more dangerous over time. While plastic breaks down, it releases toxic chemicals which are ingested by fish and other marine animals, from where it travels up the food chain and can often reach our dinner table. Initially developed by ‘Surfers Against Sewerage’ to tackle the plastic problem specifically in coastal areas, Plastic Free Jersey provides toolkits to assist homes, schools, businesses, event organisers and communities –providing information on how to make a difference. For example, the business toolkit directs organisations to remove at least 3 single-use plastic items and asks: - what single use plastic items are used in your business? What would happen if you just stopped using them? Is there a different way you could do things? Is there a cost implication for your business? And what will the impact be on your clients/customers?

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The Trust has always been a fairly sustainable business. All paper, cardboard, plastic bottles, aluminium and glass collected for recycling is recycled at our headquarters at The Elms in St Mary and, where we can, we re-use, re-purpose and recycle. However, on reviewing the toolkit it became obvious that there were areas where we could make a big difference. For example, the Trust caters for large numbers at its bigger events and traditionally purchased plastic cups and cutlery. An immediate change was to source and purchase disposable crockery made from banana leaves, bamboo and other plant based biodegradable materials. Cutlery is now wooden and glasses are made from Polylactic Acid (PLA) which is derived from renewable resources like corn starch or sugar cane and also biodegradable. At our smaller events, we are encouraging participants to bring their own cups if they want free refreshments and where we can we partner with corporate partners with a similar ethos. Globally we are now producing nearly 300 million tonnes of plastic every year. 50% of this is for single-use purposes. We all now have a responsibility to reduce the amount we are consuming.

Visit Plastic Free Jersey’s website www.plasticfreejersey.com to sign up your home, school or workplace.

Top Ten Tips to red u ce your plasti c waste



Carry a reusable coffee cup, water bottle and food container (or keep them in your car.) This will enable you to refuse single-use items when dining out or taking-away.

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Reuse food and other packaging. Plastic bread wrappers and paper bags can be used to wrap sandwiches and plastic tubs can be repurposed for storage around the house.

Choose bars of soap rather than shower gel or liquid hand soap and buy washing powder in cardboard boxes rather than capsules.



Buy in bulk where possible and avoid goods that are individually packaged. Consider using products such as loose-leaf tea.

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Grow your own or shop locally to avoid buying over-packaged fruit and vegetables. Shop at farm shops to purchase loose products and avoid food miles.

Keep a stock of National Trust for Jersey Hessian shopping bags or baskets in the car and a foldable one in your pocket or handbag when shopping to avoid the need to buy plastic carrier bags. If you do have plastic bags re-use them to line refuse bins.


Ditch the cling-film! Use a plate to cover bowls or left-overs in the fridge.

Refill bottles of laundry fluid, washing up liquid and shampoo at a minimal-packaging supermarket such as Minimall or Scoop.


Buy second-hand items and donate unwanted things to charity shops rather than throwing away. Re-use, recycle and re-purpose where practical.

Try out plastic-free alternatives to household items such as bamboo toothbrushes, coconut washing up scourers and beeswax food wraps.

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Photo credit: Garry Grimshaw


am Jersey born and have lived here most of my life. My mother was creative, a good cook and homemaker and my father, a Welshman, was a good public speaker and raconteur - so I must have inherited the right genes. My parents often had relations to stay and I learned much about Jersey locations, history and traditions through showing them around. I admit to a vivid imagination, a love of reading and a penchant for good historical dramas. I have a small library of books including old and recent cookery books, together with local interest books. My house is old, with a history and features relevant to my talk at No. 16, and after a lifelong interest in antiques I have acquired a fairly good knowledge of history from researching periods and styles. When I saw the advert for a cook/housekeeper at 16 New Street, my daughters encouraged me by saying that I had been a good storyteller when they were little! My working career included jobs in legal environments, work in an architectural office and other roles where diplomacy and attention to detail were essential and I undertook several courses - one on how to pass on information effectively and, the most relevant, on giving presentations.

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Before joining the Trust I also gave a brief series of talks in a local residents’ home on ‘Temps Passé’ Images of Jersey: these kind folks have given me confidence and some have told me their first-hand accounts of significant events in Jersey’s history. Each visitor to 16 New Street brings something different: I sound them out with a little joke and if they are amused I can ‘be’ Louisa, but some visitors are happy just to browse and ask questions which is fine too. Our visitors come from all corners of the Earth and come individually, with local family or friends, with tour groups and cruises. Whilst my talk is based on the house and its occupants and how a late Georgian kitchen and household work, questions can lead in many diverse directions from sourcing and preserving food at that time to Jersey’s historic role on the worldwide stage. For visiting schools I base my ‘personality’ on the ‘Manmans’ I have known. In November we welcomed groups of Year 2 (7-year-old) children to No. 16 to see the preparations for Christmas and Twelfth Night. In the kitchen I was preparing puddings and mince pies, and each child had the opportunity to stir the pudding

and make a wish. My 2018 Christmas pudding must have been the best stirred in Jersey with possibly over 700 wishes by the time the Father Christmas visits had finished! We also have school visits at Le Moulin de Quétivel. While the main emphasis of the programme is on how the grain is milled, we also set up a ‘working’ Victorian kitchen so the children can see the flour being turned into baked goods - experience has taught me that giving each child a piece of dough to handle means they won’t go touching things they shouldn’t! Whilst the main ethos of the Trust is to safeguard and care for our natural and built heritage, I see my role as bringing an insight to our visitors from the additional perspective of the actual lives and experiences of our forebears and our Island’s social history.

16 New Street is open to the public on Wednesdays, Thursdays and Fridays from the beginning of April.




here’s that wonderful feeling of relief the moment that the plane touches down on the runway – I’m home! Of course escape from ‘the rock’ is always welcome but it doesn’t match the sense of contentment when returning. My preferred approach is over St. Ouen’s bay, this may partly be because it feels less precarious than flying over people’s roof tops when there are cross winds, but also because the dramatic coastline reminds me just how lucky I am to be returning to this incredible Island. There are many elements that make a place a home but for me it is ultimately down to people. Jersey is where my family is, where many of my friends are and through my work I am privileged to meet and come to know a large cross section of our community. My Jersey is about these people in our unique surroundings. I enjoy nothing more than taking the dog on long walks on cliff paths and beaches; the precise location (and length) of the walk normally depends on my companion(s). My partner and I tend to centre our walks around various locations off the railway path; family walks normally involve St. Brelade’s and St. Ouen’s bays. A favourite walk with friends will be to start at Gronez Castle and take the coastal path to Plémont, before deciding whether to do the next leg to Grève de Lecq via the wonderfully reclaimed land thanks to the National Trust. The spot I most often return to for time alone is Noirmont Common. The variety of elements including trees, dramatic cliff edge, fields and marsh

all within this tiny area is remarkable. I often go there when I need to think and will nearly always stop on the bench dedicated to David and Elisabeth Christie. David was on the board of Jersey Arts Trust when I first started and he and Elisabeth were such kind and supportive people – I am always inspired by the plaque that reminds us to ‘look beyond the horizon’. Of course, I am never completely alone as Doris (my Cavalier King Charles) will happily sit with me and take in the view. During my years at Jersey Arts Trust, now ArtHouse Jersey, I have been fortunate to witness artists from Jersey and from many other parts of the world make work in response to and within our varied environment. From shipping containers, projections and murals in town, to concerts and poetry readings on St. Catherine’s breakwater, to little clay figures ‘Les P’tits Faitcheaux’ all huddled in the La Houge Bie crypt, there has been no end to the creativity that these spaces inspire. This is not to mention our Artist Lock In’s at Elizabeth Castle, the myriad of incredible spaces found for film sets and within residencies and of course the initiatives of others such as the National Trust’s own sunset concerts. As we move to our new home at Grève de Lecq Barracks I am looking forward to welcoming a diverse cross section of our community, along with international guests, to the site. Not only is it an inspiring and iconic setting in its own right, but will be a base from which artists can explore the rest of our Island and meet the people that make Jersey what it is. I eagerly await the work and experiences that will result from this winning combination.

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This is a charity I love because it looks after the things that matter to me personally, the outdoors, the arts, heritage, nature and beauty. HILARY MCGRADY DIRECTOR-GENERAL

Spotlight - IN THE -

We are delighted to announce that our guest speaker for the Annual Dinner will be Hilary McGrady, Director-General of the National Trust in the UK. Hilary became Director-General of the National Trust in 2018. Hilary has worked for the Trust since 2006 when she joined as Regional Director for Northern Ireland. She later became Regional Director for Wales and the London & South East region and in 2014 was appointed Chief Operating Officer, leading the Operations & Consultancy teams. Originally trained in graphic design, Hilary’s career path started in the drinks industry in brand and marketing. In 1998 she moved to become Director of a national arts charity and was seconded in 2002 to become CEO of Belfast’s bid to become European Capital of Culture. Hilary is married with three children. Her interests include the arts, gardening and hill walking.

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What are your hopes and ambitions for the National Trust? My mission as Director-General is to make the National Trust an organisation where everyone feels welcome. No matter who you are, or where you come from, you will be able to visit our places and feel welcome. I believe passionately that beautiful natural and historic places matter – for our spirit, our wellbeing and our relationships, and I want more people to benefit from more places. By the time I leave, I want people from all walks of life to talk about the Trust as an open and welcoming organisation. We will be an organisation that does not seek to preserve or present one unchanging view of our country, but celebrate its variety. Our places will offer more to see and more to do, changing according to the needs of the people who come to them. I am also clear that we will have more properties in places closer to where people live. We may own them, run them or simply help them survive, but there will be more places enriching the communities in which they exist.

Global warming? How will this impact on the work of the Trust in the future? Climate change remains one of the greatest threats to our places. We try to take a long term view and help our places to adapt the best they can. We are investing £30 million in a programme of renewable energy and have committed to reducing our own energy consumption. We are working with natural processes on our coastline to anticipate future changes to our shoreline and to encourage additional habitats for nature.

years, and we know this issue really matters to our members. We are playing our part on our own land, but we will also call for action beyond our own borders, working in partnership with other organisations.

Knole, Kent versus 20 Forthlin Road, London It’s not a case of one versus the other – they are very different places, as all of the places in our care are. Each have their own unique backstory and spirit of place, but what they have in common is they are both places people can go to be inspired, to have a little bit of peace and quiet or to spend some time with friends and family. They are places people benefit from.

Sense of Place versus Corporate efficiency? Looking after the places in our care is our core purpose and we spent more than £130 million last year on core conservation projects. We are a huge organisation, almost unique in structure because we are dependent on around 61,000 volunteers and 8,000 paid staff, but we are also a business with a £500 million turnover. Our places come first, but because we are fully independent of government and receive no direct funding, I’m always conscious that the donations we are given are very precious and I expect my teams to make sure we are getting the best return on them.

Where do you see the relationship between INTO and the National Trust developing in the future?

In terms of our historic properties, we take an approach which is tailored to every unique building. For instance, in 1895, Speke Hall was one of the first places in Britain with wet central heating, but it is now powered by a Ground Source Heat Pump which is integrated with the historic pipes installed in the 19th and 20th centuries. Adaptability is key for us.

Our international network is really important and we’re doing some thinking internally about how we can strengthen these links. I think that young people will be a key part of our international work going forwards, building on the existing ‘Trust Kids!’ programme run by INTO. In a world of increasing globalisation and, sadly, rising intolerance, I think we need to encourage young people in particular to develop their own sense of cultural identity. I believe we have a lot of expertise to share, but equally a lot that our staff could learn from overseas organisations too.

Is the National Trust too polite? Have we lost our campaign voice?

Should we be targeting the urban gardener?

The National Trust are campaigners for conservation. I have said since I took up this post that we will not be afraid to stand up for the issues that matter, and where we believe we owe it to our members. Our work around nature is a great example of this. We know nature is vanishing before our eyes, with half of our species declining over the last thirty

I think we should be targeting all gardeners – but also recognising that gardening as a pastime has declined in popularity in recent years. I think people are becoming more interested in the provenance of food and local produce though, which is providing a new way to get people involved, and particularly

urban gardeners. We have just opened a new kitchen garden at Mottisfont and there is a focus there on inspiring and encouraging visitors of all ages to grow and eat their own produce.

Should the National Trust be more involved in marine conservation? The Trust does take an interest in marine conservation issues because of the relationship with the 775 miles of coastline we care for. We have taken part in efforts to identify and establish marine protected areas – but we know these are only useful if they have long-term effective management. Over 180 of our coastal properties are next to or overlap with marine protected areas, and we know that marine conservation efforts are vital to protect the seals and seabirds on our land nearby. We know there is a lot more work to do, and we think we can play a role in increasing public understanding of why these areas and their effective management matter.

Knepp Estate versus Capability Brown? Both! Whatever is best for the landscape, taking its context and history into account, as well as the needs of people and wildlife today. Stowe is one of our properties with a garden landscaped by Capability Brown and it’s also a haven for wildlife.

Wildlife numbers continue to crash – what else can we do? We’re doing all we can to reverse the decline in wildlife and make sure nature has space to thrive. On our own land, we’re working to restore 25,000 hectares of high nature status land, but we know that we have to look beyond our own boundaries too. We need to make sure that we have a legislative framework in place which protects wildlife, which is why we are calling for a strong Environment Bill here in the UK, which will help ensure nature has the protection it needs. We can all play our part at an individual level too. Our £10 million Riverlands project is about making sure people are more informed and connected to rivers in their local area. We believe that it is only by giving people a stake in their future that they will be prepared to get involved in protecting them. After all, only 17% of England’s rivers are in good health and 13% of freshwater species are threatened with extinction: solving this problem requires a catchment-scale approach with people and organisations working in partnership.

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E N J O Y | A G M & A NN U A L DIN N E R

AGM and Annual Dinner Friday 12 April The National Trust for Jersey Annual Dinner for members and their guests will follow the Annual General Meeting which takes place at St. Brelade’s Bay Hotel, at 6.00 pm on Friday 12 April 2019. Attendance at this Meeting, for which there is no charge, is restricted to Members of The National Trust for Jersey. Members and guests for the Annual Dinner should arrive for a pre-dinner drink at 7pm. Dinner will be served at 7.30pm in the restaurant. Dress code is lounge suits. Reservations for the 4 course dinner can be made by returning the application form that members will receive together with a stamped addressed envelope and a cheque payable to the National Trust for Jersey for £35.00 per person or by purchasing tickets on line at www. nationaltrust.je Please note that the price does not include any wine or spirits and these can be purchased from the bar prior to dinner but a complementary welcome drink is included. Copies of the Annual Report and Accounts will be available on line on www.nationaltrust.je Copies will also be available at the AGM. Two weeks prior to the AGM the accounts will be available upon request by contacting Donna Le Marrec at The Elms on 483193 or by email donna@nationaltrust.je

Menu Glass of Prosecco or soft drink on arrival *** Grilled King Prawns Served with Vine Tomatoes, Garlic Butter and Basil Mash Or Tomato and Roasted Pimento Soup Served with Wholemeal Croutons *** Garlic Roast Rack of Lamb Served with a Jersey Black Butter Sauce and Sautéed Beans Or Half a Cold Jersey Lobster and Atlantic Prawns Served with a Mixed Salad Garnish and Jersey Potatoes Or Green Tagliatelle Noodles tossed in a Three Cheese Sauce with Porcini Mushrooms and a Dressed Side Salad All main courses served with seasonal vegetables and potatoes *** Chilled Chocolate Fondant With Salted Caramel and Vanilla Strawberries Or A Selection of Artisanal Cheeses With Home Made Pecan, Black Butter and Apple Soda Bread, Chutney and Crackers ****** Coffee and Petit Fours

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Activities to try The Trust’s practical workshops are always popular and enable islanders, as well as the occasional visitor, to learn a new skill and have fun trying. Workshops take place in our historic buildings such as the Pressoir at The Elms, 16 New Street and Le Moulin de Quétivel. There is always a reduction in price for members of the Trust – so another reason to encourage others to join.

Workshops for Food Lovers

Workshops for Creatives

Saturday 6 April

Saturday 18 May



Come along to Le Moulin de Quétivel and learn the art of making ‘Jersey Wonders’ with Jenny Le Maistre. Traditionally, Jersey housewives cooked their Wonders as the tide went out. If they cooked them on an incoming tide, the fat in which the Wonders were cooked would invariably overflow the pan. Why not walk or cycle to the site along the new valley path? Meeting point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 2pm – 4pm Price: £10 Trust Members; £20 NonMembers to include refreshments Please bring along a bowl, apron and rolling pin.

The relationship between people and plants for both food and medicine goes back hundreds of thousands of years, but recently this knowledge is being forgotten as we exchange homemade remedies for pharmaceutical cures. Whether you are interested in using herbs to aid your digestion or nourish your body, this workshop is for you. The session will begin with a tour of the herb garden at Le Moulin de Quétivel, where participants will learn about the health benefits of various herbs and how to make their own herbal remedies using natural and organic ingredients including floral waters, herbal extracts and infused and essential oils.

Saturday 29 June

FLORAL EMBROIDERY WORKSHOP AT THE ELMS Join local textile artist Beverley Speck on a floral inspired stitching day. Discover how to make a needle case, book cover, small cushion or piece of textile art and learn how to hand or machine floral stitch/embellish your chosen project. Participants will seek inspiration from the walled garden, wildflower meadow or orchard at The Elms, the headquarters of the National Trust for Jersey. Please bring along a picnic lunch. Morning coffee will be provided and tea and a slice of cake will be served in the afternoon. Meeting point: The Elms Time: 11am – 4pm Price: £15 Members; £30 Non-Members

Meeting point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 2pm – 5pm Price: £15 Members; £30 Non-Members to include all materials and a herb-themed tea. Each participant will create and take home a three-part organic skincare regime tailored to their skin type.

All of the activities on this page are discounted for National Trust for Jersey Members. If you are not already a member of the Trust, please consider supporting us. Membership of the National Trust for Jersey starts at £30 per annum and you can join online: www.nationaltrust.je/membership.

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Treasures at 16 New Street

ne of the comments visitors often make when they come to 16 New Street for the first time is how intimate and homely The Georgian House feels, with its light and airy rooms tastefully furnished with antiques. When you explore the house today, it is hard to imagine that when the Trust acquired the house in 2003 it had been unoccupied for decades and all of the contents had been removed. One of the first challenges faced by the Trust in those early days was to source an authentic collection of late 18th and early 19th century furnishings to reflect the tastes of the Journeaux family who lived at 16 New Street during the Regency era. Initially the Trust launched an appeal asking local Islanders to donate or lend pieces for the house and this yielded positive results. Probably the earliest piece of furniture the Trust was lucky enough to secure for the house was a walnut veneered chest on stand, dating from around 1710, which was loaned to the Trust by Clare Wilson. Another important acquisition is the long case clock in the hallway (c. 1780), which is signed ‘Jean Nicolle, Jersey’. This was purchased from the estate of Mary Le Marquand Morel. Upstairs on the first floor, there are several fine pieces of mahogany furniture dating from the 18th century when Honduran mahogany became popular for furniture making in Jersey as a consequence of local merchants establishing extensive plantations in Belize. The tallboy in the drawing room (c. 1800) and the Jersey linen press in the Victorian club room (c. 1840) are both fine examples and were also purchased from the Morel estate. As with any home, the collection at 16 New Street is by no means complete and last year the Trust was fortunate to be offered several fine pieces of furniture on long-term loan, together with a priceless collection of books and three paintings from David and Susan Synnott. Perhaps the most useful item in the collection is a 19th century mahogany Imperial dining table, which previously furnished the dining room at the Seigneurie in Sark.

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Not only is the table magnificent to look at, but also it is much more versatile than the original table as it extends to seat up to 22 guests for dinner - making it popular with people hiring out the house for private dining events. The Synnotts also loaned an impressive collection of bound books, which have been used to furnish the shelves of Philippe Journeaux’s bureau, and several fine oil paintings: ‘A Beach Scene with Fisherfolk’, by English landscape painter William Shayer, Snr (1787 - 1879), ‘A Man and Wife seated at Table’, painted by Maria Taylor (1777 - 1823) and a painting of Sarah Paul Meredyth, formerly Lady Meredyth but posthumously demoted after one of her ancestors, a former baronet, was found to be illegitimate. One of the most charming of the Synnott pieces is a child’s deportment chair known as the Astley Cooper Chair. Invented by Sir Astley Paston Cooper (1768 - 1841), a surgeon and anatomist, the chair was initially developed for medical purposes to correct faulty posture in children but more habitually relied upon for disciplining naughty children who would be expected to sit bolt upright on the chair for long periods of time. Due to the tall upright nature of the chair and its tiny seat, it would have been quite impossible for the child to fidget or slouch. The Astley Cooper Chair is on display in the attic.

If you are interested in donating furniture, paintings, porcelain or accessories (c.1780 - 1815) to enhance the collection at 16 New Street, please contact Catherine Ward, House and Collections Manager.

Kneehole Desk (c.1735)

Astley Cooper Deportment Chair (c.1820)

Bound Volumes (c.1720-1820)

Chest on stand (c.1710)

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E N J O Y | 1 6 NE W S T R E ET


Monday 25 March – Sunday 31 March 2019 hen the Trust first invited the Butterfly theatre company to 16 New Street in 2016 to come and perform a site-specific production of Oscar Wilde’s stage play, An Ideal Husband, we had no idea whether this unique style of performing would catch on among audiences more familiar with sitting in a conventional theatre. However, from the moment the first group of theatregoers stepped through the front door of the Georgian House – to be greeted by ‘Phipps’ the butler who took their names and whisked them upstairs to the drawing room - it was evident that this style of theatre would be a winning formula. As a genre, promenade theatre is extremely versatile. With no formal stage, and the audience and actors occupying the same space, it allows for experimentation with new and old plays, and explores what the theatrical experience can entail for an audience. By moving the audience around throughout the performance, walkabout theatre pushes boundaries in a way that cannot be achieved in regular theatre and really makes the audience feel part of the experience.

the Trust based on the history of Jersey using the works of Shakespeare to help tell their tale: ‘The beauty of the works of Shakespeare is that the themes withstand the test of time - themes of secrets, lies, romance, family affairs and painful goodbyes. Through our unique and immersive storytelling style, Butterfly will pair scenes from Shakespeare’s celebrated plays with the stories of Jersey’s tempestuous past’. As the audience travels back in time to an era when conflict and threat of invasion was never far from people’s minds, Butterfly ask them to consider: if the walls of 16 New Street had eyes, what would they have seen?

Aileen Gonsalves

ABOUT AILEEN GONSALVES, ARTISTIC DIRECTOR OF BUTTERFLY Aileen trained as an actor at the Central School of Speech and Drama and works professionally in film, theatre, television and radio. She was Assistant Director to Tim Supple on Midnight’s Children and Greg Doran on All’s Well That Ends Well at the RSC. She has been the RSC International and National Youth Ensemble director since 2008, as well as an RSC education practitioner. Most recently Aileen has written and directed a piece in association with the LSO for The Barbican, called Play On Shakespeare, and directed the RSC First Encounters The Tempest at the Swan Theatre in Stratford.


At the end of last year, the Trust was thrilled to be approached by Carla-Marie Metcalfe, a former Beaulieu student who produced both of Butterfly’s previous shows at 16 New Street, who wanted to write a site specific production for

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For tickets, visit www.jerseybutterfly. brownpapertickets.com Above: Phipps, the butler, from Butterfly’s 2016 production of An Ideal Husband.

For school or group bookings, contact: catherine@nationaltrust.je


Discover the Trust's Visitor Sites

16 NEW STREET The Trust’s Georgian House reopens for the season at the beginning of April with a brand new programme of events and lots of new merchandise in the Gift Shop. If you are in town, please support the Trust by purchasing your gifts and stationery from 16 New Street. All of the profits from every purchase contribute to our ongoing work in protecting Jersey’s environment.

16 NEW STREET OPENING TIMES 1 April – 31 October Wednesday, Thursday & Friday, 10am – 4pm Admission £6 Adults; £3 Children; Trust Members and Under 6s Free Admission to the Gift Shop is free of charge

Every year the Trust delivers a wide range of events at 16 New Street to encourage local people to come and visit the house. This year’s events include a theatre production in March, a coffee tasting in April with Ella and Drew Locke, who run Locke’s café from the Trust’s latest renovation project in Pitt Street, a gin tasting in May with Will Berresford of Love Wine and two historical talks and food tastings in June and July with historian Peter Le Rossignol (see pages 47 - 50 for full details).


LE MOULIN DE QUÉTIVEL OPENING TIMES 1 May – 31 September Mondays & Tuesdays, 10am – 4pm Open on Bank Holidays Open Milling Day Saturday 11 May Admission £3 Adults; £1 Children; Trust Members and Under 6s Free

The Trust’s small tearoom at Le Moulin de Quétivel reopens for the season at the beginning of May. If you are out enjoying the new cycle path, please support the Trust by stopping off at the mill for a cup of tea or coffee and a piece of homemade cake. As well as receiving a friendly welcome from our lovely team of volunteers, you will be directly contributing to the Trust’s ongoing work in protecting Jersey’s environment and historic buildings for everyone to enjoy and experience. For a full programme of special events at Le Moulin de Quétivel this season, please see pages 47 - 50.

Admission to the tearoom is free of charge and dogs are welcome.

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Wet, weT, Wet World Wetlands Day is celebrated each year on the 2nd February, raising global awareness about the vital role of wetlands for people and our planet. The theme for 2019 was ‘Climate Change’, drawing attention to the vital role of wetlands as a natural solution to cope with some of the negative effects. Children from primary school Ecocommittees were invited to the Wetland Centre during the week leading up to World Wetlands Day to experience the wetland habitat and learn about its

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importance, whilst also coming up with ways that they can help fight climate change. It was encouraging to see that many of the children that took part were already aware of the dangers of climate change and able to name many ways that they can help to fight it. Many of the ideas they offered were actions already taken by their families and schools. They left empowered with the message;

‘We are not powerless against climate change’.

The Trust celebrated World Wetlands Day with its annual open day at the Wetland Centre in St Ouen. In attendance were members of the Home Energy Audit team and Jersey Electricity to focus on ways to reduce domestic energy use, whilst Sheena Brockie from Plastic Free Jersey conducted a finger-tip nurdle hunt and displayed the organisation’s brandnew ‘Nurdleator’ which will be used to sift dangerous micro-plastics from sand on and around the island’s beaches. Children were entertained in the classroom with eco-friendly crafts focusing on the importance of reducing the waste we produce. Tin cans, cardboard tubes, second-hand fabric and old magazines were ‘upcycled’ into pencil pots, jewellery, decorations, posters and bird feeders. As a minimal-waste event, visitors were asked to bring along their own reusable cups and all children’s activities reused and recycled materials.

did you know? The Wetland Centre is open seven days a week, 9am-5pm during autumn and winter and 7am-7pm during spring and summer. An amazing abundance of wildlife can be observed from the centre, including the majestic Marsh Harrier and rare and elusive Bittern which has recently been spotted. There are information panels, video screens and an interactive live camera, making it a truly immersive experience for young and old. Please consider leaving a donation to help offset our cost of running the centre. D I S C O V E R | 41


What can you see at the Wetland Centre? Tear out this page to take with you on your next visit. How many will you spot?

bittern grey heron


reed warbler


tufted duck

little egret


marsh harrier




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get active with our Education Officers

11th, 12th, 13th, 16th & 17th April

HOP TO IT Delve into the weird and wonderful world of freshwater invertebrates and find out about what lives under the water. Enjoy pond dipping in the Easter holidays at our own secret hideaway in St Ouen. Observe Marsh Harriers soaring above as we dip into the water to discover beetles and boatmen, larvae and leeches.

15th - 19th May

#LOVENATURE FESTIVAL 17th May - SHARING A SHELL Enjoy the popular Julia Donaldson story on the beach before searching for some of the characters from the story. 18th May - COME DINE WITH BEE – A POLLINATOR PICNIC Bring a picnic to enjoy with friends in the wild surroundings of the Frances Le Sueur Centre and learn about how important pollinating insects are for the food we eat.

July & August


20th April

SHARK EGG HUNT Join our education officer and knowledgeable guides for an Easter Egg hunt with a difference. Search the hightide line for shark and ray egg cases and contribute to the marine conservation survey – you may very well be rewarded with a chocolate treat at the end.

18th May - TERRIFIC TALONS booking essential Come along to the Wetland Centre to learn about birds of prey and enjoy an up-close encounter with some of our feathered friends.

Our ever popular Bug Safaris and Rock Pool Rambles will take place at various dates during July and August. Splash though the rocks at low tide, or explore the wilds of our secret hideaway beside St Ouens pond. There is an adventure just waiting to be discovered.

Please see our website www.nationaltrust.je/events for more information. Booking essential for all Education events. The Trust’s Education programme is kindly supported by HSBC

31st May

COME DINE WITH BEE – A POLLINATOR PICNIC Gather some friends, make a picnic and head to The Elms in St Mary to eat under the apple trees in the orchard. Learn how important pollinators are for the food we eat. Just bring something to sit on and whatever you would like to eat and drink. A variety of activities will be available.

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Le s Cache Farm We caught up with Sara-Jane Lampitt, Vice President of the National Trust of Guernsey who explains about the conservation and restoration of Les Caches Farm.

or as long as we can remember, the National Trust of Guernsey (NTG) has enjoyed a warm and productive relationship with The National for Trust Jersey. Mutually supporting each Trust’s aims and campaigns, and the knowledge that there’s ‘an ear’ not too far across the water, are embedded qualities of our inter-insular heritage connection. The NTG holds the achievements of The National Trust for Jersey in high regard and it is true to say that our enduring relationship is fondly welcomed. 44 | D I S C O V E R


Pigstie ruins

It will be no surprise to hear that NTG always recommends our Members and visiting National Trust Members who may be hopping between our beautiful Channel Islands to visit NTJ places. Reciprocal Arrangements between NTG, NTJ and National Trust England, Wales and Northern Ireland enable free entry to properties and places for all visiting Members. NTG is pleased to introduce Les Caches Farm to members and visitors from Jersey. The name may sound familiar, as Les Caches was gifted to the Trust in 1983 by Miss Ruth Le Huray and, since 1987, successive phases of conservation and restoration have taken place throughout the site, which features five buildings that had been in varying degrees of neglect or ruin. With the earliest building dating back to the 15th Century, and additional buildings of 18th and 19th century origin, our team was tasked with maintaining the historical integrity of the entire site and surrounding land.

All site buildings are now considered to be fine examples of their original purpose and style and, with the exception of one privately-tenanted property, have been visited by hundreds of visitors since opening, in June, 2018, at the end of a twenty year restoration project. Outbuildings and Prinseur restored

Amidst the noise and grind of building restoration, the land quietly waited for the right turn of attention, which arrived by dint of Oliver Westgarth’s visionary project to re-establish an apple orchard at Les Caches Farm. Vision turned to reality with the help of sponsorship from The Channel Island Co-operative Society and four other community teams, when carefully chosen saplings were planted in early 2017, as a nod to re-creating the apple orchards, resonant of Guernsey’s prolific cider-making heritage in the 1800s.

Between 1999 and 2008, as funds allowed, the NTG undertook major restoration of two farmhouses at Les Caches Farm site. In 2013, works began to reconstruct the ruined barns to the rear of Les Caches Barn which, after a full restoration of Les Caches Farm and Les Caches Barn, remained the outstanding blot on this pretty landscape. These outbuildings were the remains of a cider barn, ‘Le Prinseur’, cart/agricultural implement sheds and wood/furze sheds. The shape of the walls, together with the rotted remains of a cider-press suggest the use of the main barn for cider-making, using the fruit of apple orchards that are clearly indicated on the 1787 Duke of Richmond map.

In other areas of land at Les Caches, not much had changed over the centuries, most notably, a thriving reed bed in a low-lying wet-land area. The botanical DNA of today’s reed bed, a designated Area of Biodiversity Importance, remains undisturbed over the centuries and would have provided thatch for the original 15th Century building that is open to visitors today.

Charles Alluto and CCD Architect Andrew Dyke studying Les Caches restoration plans September 2014

Two adjacent fields, most recently used for hay-making and grazing of sheep, offer enormous scope for the study of nature and wildlife. Indeed, as birds, insects and small mammals are constant visitors to this natural environment, the grounds of Les Caches Farm were used during the summer of 2018 as part of an Imperial College Master’s research study into the behaviour and habitat of Guernsey’s small mammals.

The fully restored Les Caches Farm remains embedded in its agricultural and architectural past, which might have been lost to future generations had it not been for NTG’s commitment to preservation and restoration in accordance with its statutory purposes.   NTG’s efforts over the past twenty years to preserve and protect Les Caches Farm, can be accurately defined as our biggest conservation project yet, with enormous potential for the benefit of Islanders, heritage education and most importantly, the  simple pleasure of enjoying of a pure, pastoral place.

Les Caches Farm www.nationaltrust.gg No entry fee. Donations welcome. Grounds open 365 days of the year, with picnic tables in the apple orchard. Walkers interest: En route to outstanding cliff walks at NTG’s Le Gouffre and Le Bigard. Subject to weather conditions and bookings, the property doors are nearly always open during the summer months. Officially open Tuesday afternoons and Thursday mornings, but do pass by, on the off-chance of being able to enjoy the spirit of our beautifully restored place.

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We would like to encourage our members to book events online. This helps us not only to monitor ticket sales more effectively, but also helps to manage our limited resource within our small office team. Of course if you would prefer not to book online you can telephone 483193 or call into the office between the hours of 9.00am to 5.00pm Monday to Friday. Log onto: www.nationaltrust.je/events

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april Thursday 4 April


Thursday 7th March


In celebration of World Book Day, come along to Le Moulin de Quétivel to enjoy the story of ‘The Tiny Seed’ by Eric Carle. Following the story, children will select and plant their own seeds to take home and enjoy various crafts and activities related to the story.

Join historian Peter Le Rossignol for a fascinating talk on the history of coffee and enjoy a coffee tasting afterwards courtesy of Ella and Drew Locke, who run Locke’s café from the Trust’s latest renovation project in Pitt Street. Find out why coffee was banned in Mecca, how it was given papal approval after earlier being dismissed as the ‘bitter invention of Satan’ and learn about the famous coffee houses of London, described by Samuel Johnson as houses of ‘entertainment where coffee is sold, and the guests are supplied with a newspaper’.

Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 4pm – 5.15pm Price: £10 Members; £15 Non-Members to include a talk and a coffee tasting. Booking essential. Kindly supported by Locke’s.

Meeting Point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 10-11am Price: Free Members; £10 Non-Members (accompanying adults free of charge). Booking essential.

11 , 12 , 13 , 16 and 17 April


Delve into the weird and wonderful world of freshwater invertebrates and find out about what lives under the water. Join us during the Easter holidays for pond dipping in our own secret hideaway in St Ouen. Observe Marsh Harriers soaring above as we dip into the water to discover beetles and boatmen, larvae and leeches! Meeting Point: Car park opposite Kempt Tower Time: 10am – 11.30am Price: Free for Trust Members; £10 NonMembers (accompanying adults free of charge). Booking essential.

Friday 12 April


The National Trust for Jersey’s Annual Dinner for members and their guests will follow the Annual General Meeting. Our guest speaker for the evening will be Director-General of the National Trust for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, Hilary McGrady.

Saturday 6 April

Monday 25 March – Sunday 31 March


The Butterfly Theatre Company returns to 16 New Street for the third year to perform a site-specific walkabout play marrying the works of Shakespeare with the history of Jersey’s turbulent past. Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 1pm - 2pm, 6pm - 7pm, 8pm - 9pm Price: £16.50 Tickets: www.jerseybutterfly. brownpapertickets.com


Come along to Le Moulin de Quétivel and learn the art of making ‘Jersey Wonders’ with Jenny Le Maistre. Traditionally, Jersey housewives cooked their Wonders as the tide went out. If they cooked them on an incoming tide, the fat in which the Wonders were cooked would invariably overflow the pan! Why not walk or cycle to the site along the new valley path? Meeting Point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 2pm – 4pm Price: £10 Trust Members; £20 Non-Members. Booking essential.

Book tickets online for all our events by visiting www.nationaltrust.je/events

Meeting Point: St Brelade’s Bay Hotel Time: 7pm – 10pm Price: £35 Booking essential.

Saturday 20 April


Join us for an Easter Egg Hunt with a difference! Alongside knowledgeable guides, search the high-tide line for shark and ray egg cases which will be identified, counted and added to the marine conservation survey (and there may be a chocolate treat at the end). Meeting Point: L’Etacq Time: 1.30pm – 2.30pm Price: suggested donation of £5 per child in support of the Coastline campaign. Booking essential. D I S C O V E R | 47



Thursday 2 May

GIN GLORIOUS GIN, A TALK AND TASTING SESSION FOR GIN LOVERS Join historian Peter Le Rossignol for a vibrant cultural history of Britain’s most iconic drink, beginning in the underbelly of Georgian England, detouring through the Empire (with a G&T in hand) and finishing in the modern day. During the course of the evening, gin lovers will find out how ‘mother’s ruin’ evolved into the superior drink it is today and also taste several different styles of gin courtesy of Love Wine. Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 6.30pm – 7.45pm Price: £10 Members; £20 Non-Members to include a talk and a gin tasting. Booking essential. Kindly supported by Love Wine.

Saturday 11th May


Visit the only remaining working watermill on the Island and experience the whole milling process from start to finish. Join the rangers as they open the sluice gates, admire the ancient waterwheel as it springs into action and meet our very own miller, who will be milling the Trust’s unique stoneground flour, and the miller’s wife who will be making bread in the historic kitchen. Meeting Point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 10am – 4pm Price: Trust Members and under 6s free; Non Members £3, Children £1 Parking: Please park at the Mill Pond (north of the site, past the Vic in the Valley on the left-hand side).

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15 - 19 May

#LOVENATURE FESTIVAL Meeting Point: Various sites See page 26 for further details. Kindly Supported by Jersey Electricity

Saturday 18 May

THE HOMEMADE APOTHECARY: LEARN HOW TO MAKE YOUR OWN HERBAL REMEDIES AT LE MOULIN DE QUÉTIVEL Meeting Point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 2pm – 5pm Price: £15 Members; £30 Non-Members to include all materials and a herb-themed tea See page 35 for further details. Booking essential.

Friday 31 May


Gather some friends, make a picnic and head to The Elms in St. Mary to eat under the apple trees in the orchard. Learn about how important pollinators are for the food we eat. Activities will be provided – just bring something to sit on and your picnic. Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 12pm – 2pm Price: Free Members; £10 Non-Members (accompanying adults free of charge) Suitable for children aged 4–11. Children must be accompanied by an adult. Booking essential.



Thursday 11 July

Choo Choo Ch'Boogie


Thursday 6 June

Friday 21 and Saturday 22 June



A Regency dinner party was quite an affair encompassing anywhere between five to twenty five dishes depending on the grandeur of the occasion. No wonder Mrs Bennet flew into a frenzy when she considered inviting a man ‘on whom she had such anxious designs… who had ten thousand a year’ around for supper. Guests who sat down to eat were faced with soup, meat, game, pickles, jellies, vegetables, custards, puddings – and had to follow strict rules of etiquette: ‘soup must be eaten from the side, not the point of the spoon; and in eating it, be careful not to make a noise… this habit is excessively vulgar; you cannot eat too quietly!’ Join historian Peter Le Rossignol and Living History cook Jenny Underwood for a talk and tasting session at 16 New Street – and find out all about food, etiquette and manners in the era of Jane Austen. Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 6.30pm – 7.45pm Price: £15 Members; £20 Non-Members to include a talk and a food tasting. Booking essential.

Enjoy live music in the beautiful setting of the natural amphitheatre at Grantez overlooking St. Ouen’s Bay. Bring a picnic and enjoy fantastic live music as the sun sets. Friday night sees UK band Choo Choo Ch'Boogie, a swinging, New Orleans jazz 5-piece band. On Saturday evening, international vocalist and Jersey resident Jessica Lloyd Chays will perform pop, light rock, jazz and blues with her new band. This is the ultimate way to experience the delights of Jersey at this very special time of year. Meeting Point: Mont Grantez Headland Time: 5pm – 9pm Price: Donations in support of the Coastline Campaign. Please bring a picnic and leave nothing but your footprints Parking charges per car will apply. Kindly Supported by Ashburton Investments

Saturday 29 June


Meeting Point: The Elms Time: 11am – 4pm Price: £15 Members; £30 Non-Members to include refreshments. Please bring a picnic lunch. See page 35 for further details. Booking essential.

Book tickets online for all our events by visiting www.nationaltrust.je/events

Originally published as twenty-four newspaper columns from 1859 to 1861, Mrs. Beeton’s Book of Household Management is many things, but it is first and foremost a guide to managing a household during the 19th century. ‘As with the commander of an army, or the leader of any enterprise, so is it with the mistress of a house!’ Running an extravagant household was a monumental task and a responsibility not to be taken lightly. Join historian Peter Le Rossignol for a fascinating talk on table settings, etiquette and manners in the Victorian Era – and indulge in some typical Victorian treats afterwards, courtesy of Living History cook Jenny Underwood. Meeting Point: 16 New Street Time: 6.30pm – 7.45pm Price: £15 Members; £20 Non-Members to include a talk and a food tasting. Booking essential.

1 to 31 July


The clue to the challenge is in the title! Participants, individuals, families or corporate groups will aim to swim in 30 bays around the island in the month of July. Those taking part can choose to swim before work, at lunchtime, daytime, after work, before a picnic tea, by moonlight… basically any time they can fit a swim in! There will be public swims on Sunday 30th June and Wednesday evening 31st July in St Brelade’s Bay with all proceeds raised over the month being split between Jersey Hospice Care and the National Trust for Jersey. To register for the challenge visit: www.30bays30days.org.je

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Dates throughout July & August


Splash through the rock pools at low-tide to discover ginormous shore crabs, tiny spider crabs, colourful anemones and beautiful starfish. Learn to look at this familiar environment in a new way and discover creatures you have never seen before!


Meeting Point: To be advised on booking Price: Free for Members £10 Non-Members Booking essential: for further details, visit www.nationaltrust.je/events Suitable for children aged 4–11. Not suitable for buggies. Children must be accompanied by an adult.

23 July and 1, 7, 16, 20, 27 August


Explore the wild surroundings of Victoria Tower to learn about the importance of the wild flower meadow and the rare invertebrates that live there. Enjoy a bug safari and create seed bombs to take home to grow your own wild flowers. Meeting Point: Victoria Tower, St Martin Price: Free for Members £10 Non-Members Booking essential: for further details, visit www.nationaltrust.je/events Suitable for children aged 4-11. Children must be accompanied by an adult.

25 July and 2, 15, 19 August


Explore the wilds of our secret hideaway beside St. Ouen’s pond bursting with butterflies and bugs, crickets and crab spiders. Discover and learn about the wonderful abundance of invertebrates hiding in this unspoilt habitat. Meeting Point: To be advised on booking Price: Free for Members £10 Non-Members Suitable for children aged 4-11. Not suitable for buggies. Children must be accompanied by an adult. Booking essential.

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Wednesday 7 August

Wednesday 14 August



In our first summer holiday workshop at Le Moulin de Quétivel, children will be given their own flower press and shown how to select and press their own flowers from the herb garden at the Mill. After a short break for refreshments, each child will have the opportunity to make a gift card and a book mark using ready-pressed flowers, which they can take home afterwards. Children must be accompanied by an adult. Meeting Point: Le Moulin de Quétivel Time: 11am – 12.15pm Price: £5 Members; £10 Non-Members to include a flower press Parking: Please park at the Mill Pond in St Peter’s Valley. Booking essential.

In our second summer holiday workshop at Le Moulin de Quétivel, children will have an opportunity to find out what goes on behind the scenes and create their own waterwheel to take home with them. This session will begin at the Mill Pond, which is where the water that powers the gigantic mill wheel is stored. Children must be accompanied by an adult. Meeting Point: The Mill Pond (Duck Pond) car park in St Peter’s Valley Time: 11am – 12.30pm Price: £5 Members; £10 Non-Members Parking: Please park at the Mill Pond in St Peter’s Valley. Booking essential.

16, 20 and 27 August


Come along to Victoria Tower to learn about solitary bees and create a ‘bee hotel’ to take home to give them somewhere to live in your own garden. Meeting Point: Victoria Tower, St Martin Price: £5 Members; £15 Non-Members Suitable for children aged 4-11. Children must be accompanied by an adult. Booking essential.

Book tickets online for all our events by visiting www.nationaltrust.je/events



Choo Choo Ch’Boogie

The Jessica Lloyd Band

GRANTEZ, ST OUEN Music starts from 7:15pm In association with Parking tickets available soon Find out more @sunsetconcertsjersey on Facebook and Instagram

Proudly supporting the Coastline Campaign for over 10 years D I S C O V E R | 51




Get in touch. We would love to hear your questions, comments and ideas. The National Trust for Jersey The Elms La Chève Rue St Mary Jersey JE3 3EN Telephone 01534 483193 enquiries@nationaltrust.je

MAKING IT HAPPEN DESIGN & PRODUCTION TEAM The Idea Works Limited Regency House Regent Road St Helier Jersey JE2 4UZ Telephone 01534 755400 info@theideaworks.com


The National Trust for Jersey: Sarah Hill, Charles Alluto, Donna Le Marrec, Catherine Ward, Jon Parkes, Jon Rault, Jo Stansfield, Jeremy Barnes, Mairéad Siobhán, Lizette Jones, Neil Molyneaux, Dian Mezec, Tom Dingle, Hilary McGrady, Sara-Jane Lampitt.


Credits to: John Overnden, Romano da Costa, John Rault, Barry Wells, Robbie Dark, Tori Orchard Wilde Island,The Butterfly Theatre, The National Trust of Guernsey, Visit Jersey, Todd MacDonald, Holly Smith, Lucy le Lievre, Gary Grimshaw. Front Cover: The Elms Wildflower Meadow Photo credit : Jon Rault ©2019 – Discover Magazine is published by The National Trust for Jersey. The publisher, editor and authors accept no responsibility in respect of any errors, omissions, misstatements, mistakes or references. Correct at the time of print March 2019

Discover is printed using only paper from FSC/ PEFC suppliers from well managed forests. This magazine can be recycled and we encourage you to do so at your recycling point. Passing the magazine onto a friend counts as recycling too.

Profile for The National Trust for Jersey

Discover Magazine Spring 2019  

The magazine of The National Trust for Jersey.

Discover Magazine Spring 2019  

The magazine of The National Trust for Jersey.