Page 1


How to watch a WNDX film

page 15

n e ws

co m m e n t

s c i e n c e & t e c h n o lo g y

a rts & c u lt u r e

s p o rts

Take it back

Funding Arts

Unfounded fear

_mind's eye.

Rough weekend

Local protest event calls for change, ends in violence

page 3

Point / Counterpoint debate on govt. subsidized art page 10

Despite evidence many still opt to decline vaccinations page 12

Student spotlight on GoSA featured Juliana Kusyk page 14

Vo l 9 9 ½ · N o 7 · S e p t e m b e r 2 6 , 2 0 1 2 · w w w.t h e m a n i to b a n .co m

Women's soccer drops two, football team claims victory

page 19



VOL. 99 ½ NO. 7 September 26, 2012


| pa g e s 2 – 6


International news briefs


Men who had sex with men ban still upheld

Science & Tech



| pa g e 7

cover image

by Vladimir Kraynyk

Please contact if you are interested in submitting a cover image. For other volunteer inquiries, please come to our office in University Centre (across from Tim Horton’s, behind GOSA) or email the editor of the section for which you are interested in writing. Please direct all other inquiries to


Helpful back-to-school apps

Arts & Culture 13



Student Spotlight


Toban Talkback

| pa g e 1 7

| pa g e s 9 – 1 0



| pgs 13–16

| pa g e 8


What you see on the cover is just a snippet of the painting. See more of Vladimir Kraynyk's mural in the Machray tunnel found at the Fort Garry campus.

| pgs 11–12

Point/ Counterpoint


| pa g e s 1 8 – 2 0




Where were you in '72?

Is the Occupy Wall street Movement dead or still going strong?

Jill Patterson, staff

Matt Sanscartier

Mel i ssa B auer

“No it's not dead. We just saw the first wave of it and I think there will be future waves to come on a more broad and deeper level.”

“I don't know what that is.”

Saman Jafari “It's still going. We have never had a movement like this in North America before and it's not done yet.”

Steven Rosenby “It's still going, but there just isn't a powerful following like there used to be.”

Senior News Editor: Rachel Wood News Editor: Jill Patterson Contact: / 474.6770



Reclaiming Canadian values Take Canada Back event calls for change but ends in violence Rachel Wood, staff


onday, Sept. 17 marked the oneyear anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement as well as the commencement of the fall session in Parliament. Several activists groups in Winnipeg took that opportunity to voice their distain towards the current state of the Canadian government at the “Take Canada Back� event. Approximately 100 protesters gathered at the Legislative building to object the Conservative government. The event featured speakers including Jean Palmer (Fair Vote Canada), Glenn Michalchuk (Peace Alliance Winnipeg) and Mouhammed Ammoumou (Canadian Federation of Students), each focusing on a different aspect of the government that they opposed. Pamela Godin, an organizer of the event­­ explained that the movement has one goal – to get Stephen Harper out of office. Godin said that they were calling for Canada to return to values they describe as being truly Canadian – that everyone in Canada would be taken care of and free to do what they want and that the government would be completely transparent. When asked how this movement affects students, Godin argued that Harper is instituting corporate tax cuts rather than putting those funds towards services, such as education.

Palmer spoke at the rally and urged fellow protesters to sign a petition asking for a reform in Canada’s political system into proportional representation. This would assign legislature seats to politicians proportional to the actual strength of votes they receive. “[The Conservative government] gets 40 per cent of the votes, 60 per cent of the seats and have 100 per cent of the power,� exclaimed a teary-eyed Palmer. Palmer argued that voters in Canada aren’t apathetic but, rather, feel that their vote does not count and therefore do not bother to vote. Pa lmer described Harper as “intolerant, daft to common sense, and common kindness.� The Canadian Federation of Students Manitoba (CFS–MB) was represented at the protest by the chair, Mouhamed Ammoumou. Ammoumou explained that their presence at the protest was due to their firm stance on public service cuts. He said that CFS–MB would continue to attend these protests until the government recognizes that public services are important to Canadian society. “CFS Manitoba will continue to

support causes that affect our students, and we will attend these events to ensure our voices are not made silent,� said Ammoumou. CFS–MB plans to continually lobby municipally, provincially and nationally by bringing forth concerns

of students to the political bodies. If the lobbying fails, peaceful protests and rallies will occur. Michaelchuck focused on the deportation of Kimberly Rivera during his speech. Rivera is a war deserter from the United States. She escaped to Canada and applied for refugee status. The Canadian government rejected her application and she was deported back to the U.S. Rivera was taken into custody and may face a sentence

of a year in military prison. “As I saw how aggressive the police “[Rivera’s] only crime is that she were being with the young black man has stood up and said that the war originally targeted as the “leader,� I that she was asked to fight in [ . . . ] went over and told the police officer [ . . was an immoral and unjust war,� said . ] that I was the leader. Moments later, Michaelchuck. the police had apprehended another He argued that the militarism man and focused on him, letting me of Canada strikes at the go,� said Louis May, a participant of heart of the social injus- the protest. tices globally. A man who was handcuffed colMichaelchuck said that lapsed and experienced convulsions. Canada has, in the past, The Police formed a circle around the accepted war deserters convulsing man, denying that a taser (during the Vietnam war, was used. for example). Now, accordA statement from May argues that ing to Michaelchuck, the the incident was a direct result of the Harper government is force and aggression that the Police going against the will of used when they arrived on the scene. the Canadian people that “The protester appeared to be havwant to support individu- ing a seizure and yet no police officer als who choose not to fight administered basic first aid, nor would in wars. they allow a nurse in who presented After the speeches the herself.� protesters began their march, which Ammoumou explains that what started peacefully but turned contro- can be seen from this incident is that versial when the police arrived, end- standing up for a cause is often seen ing in an arrest. as hostility, which he says is never According to a police statement, the case. officers arrived at the march on The man was taken to hospital and Portage Avenue, ordered the pro- is being charged with assaulting a testers to march on the sidewalk and peace officer and obstructing a peace attempted to identify a leader. officer. The police statement held that they were in the midst of an effort to take photo by rachel wood a member of the protester group into custody when they were swarmed.

Humble hero 21-year-old medical student bikes across Canada to raise awareness Alycia Rodrigues, staff

Thomas, a 21-year-old Quinn medical student from Montreal,

to remain positive. Those waiting for can be donated. an organ can wait up to 1,300 days According to Thomas one of the decided to raise awareness for organ while being on dialysis. This made most important steps to take is to and tissue donation by cycling across cycling across the country no big notify family of your decision. A Canada. After starting on June 24, deal for him. doctor will not operate if a famhe managed to undertake the feat According to Transplant ily is unaware their loved one had in just 84 days. Manitoba, 4,000 Canadians are wished to be an organ donor, if they Thomas reached his goal through waiting for an organ transplant. In are unable to make a decision due to press conferences, media articles, 2010, 240 people in Canada died who stress or grieving or if they do not and meeting with politicians in the were on the waiting list for an organ. have the same wish. By letting family 27 cities he visited. When asked what There is potential to save up to eight know of your intentions, it ensures kept him motivated, he answered a lives when the decision is made to that there are no surprises while the big heart and humble mind. become an organ donor. family is going through the grieving “Giving up has not been an option Thomas stated that up to 84 per process. for [the organ recipients] and it would cent of Canadians think that organ “It’s really a way of giving meaning be ridiculous if it were an option for donating is the right thing to do, yet to death. It’s the best way to live on,� me too,� said Thomas. only 14 per cent actually sign up to said Thomas. Interestingly, the most challeng- be an organ donor. The most chalOrgan donation gives hope to ing terrain for Thomas through- lenging part of raising awareness families and a way to cope when their out the cycle was the prairies and was communicating how easy it is loved one is in need of a transplant. It Newfoundland. The continually to register in provinces that have adds to the loved one’s life and gives strong wind made cycling difficult. online registry, including Manitoba, the families more time together. This is opposed to cycling up a hill Ontario, and BC. Brian King, a supporter of or in the mountains, where there is Many people do not take the Thomas’ who was driven to donate a reward when you reach the top and seconds to register online, despite to the cause due to a personal expeget to coast down the other side. it being the most effective way. rience with organ donation, wrote Thomas put things into per- Sometimes people are not ready to Thomas a letter. He stated that when spective in order to stay motivated, make the commitment or they do not his mother received a new kidney it believing that one day of cycling is know how to register. Even if there added eight years to her life. This nothing compared to a day on dialysis. is a reason that one thinks they can- gave his family eight additional years Thomas believes that the real heroes not donate, if a liver is compromised to take full advantage of her life and are those dealing with the adversity from alcoholism for instance, there their time together. of needing a transplant while trying are still other unaffected organs that “My focus is more on the time

we had together, quality time that was extended through the generosity of a young man who signed his organ donation card, and the incredible researchers and surgeons who made the transplant possible,� wrote King. Thomas’ goal is to eventually become a surgeon. Judging by the effort he went through to raise

awareness, it is clear that this is an important subject for him and he fits the criteria of being a doctor perfectly. More information on Thomas’ journey can be found at his website To become an organ donor visit




VOL. 99 ½ NO. 7 September 26, 2012

Anti-Semitic posters in Winnipeg target Katz Police investigating source of hate crime campaign Jill Patterson, staff

downtown, including Carlton and material. I have faith that the people prominent folks being supportive, reached the Public Safety Minister Broadway. Soon after the discovery of Winnipeg will not support such many of whom are getting ready for Vic Toews who said that he was the police where notified, which was malice,” said Katz. the start of Rosh Hashanah,” said shocked to hear about the posters. at approximately 9:30 p.m.. Katz also asked that the people Freedman. Canadians have “no tolerance The posters were abruptly removed responsible for the posters come forThe police are currently investigat- for anti-Semitism of any kind and and the police have not disclosed ward and own up to their actions. ing the matter and have asked that today I continue to stand with the the particulars of the anti-Semitic “I only hope that those who are, anyone who has any information Jewish community in Winnipeg,” remarks made on the posters, except you know, responsible for fanning the regarding the perpetrators to contact said Toews in a press release shortly that the posters made references to flames of racism and anti-Semitism the Winnipeg police. The messages after the incident. Hitler. have the courage to basically stand on the posters are seen by many as Various Jewish organizations of It has been released however, up and admit to it,” he said. hate speech and are thus being taken Winnipeg and Canada are saddened that the posters also made claims The posters went up just days very seriously. and outraged at the appearance of that Katz and other members of the before the Jewish New Year Rosh According to Patrol Sgt. Wally these posters. business community of Winnipeg Hashanah. The holiday began just Antoniuk, the police major crime According to David Matas, who have been engaging in questionable two days after the posters were unit has a small section whose main is a B’nai Brith representative from business practices. discovered. focus is hate crimes, and are currently Winnipeg, the posters in his view In a statement, Sam Katz said In a statement made Sunday, Sept. conducting an investigation. constitute a hate crime. he was extremely saddened and dis- 16 Bob Freedman, the CEO of the The police have also reported that “It’s testimonial to the permanence gusted at this display of anti-Semi- Jewish Federation of Winnipeg said there were no identifying marks made of anti-Semitism. It seems never to on the posters, but they are look- stop. It’s the oldest and the strongest his past week Winnipeg’s down- tism, but believes that the people of town area was plagued with Winnipeg do not harbor these kinds the posters are worrisome. ing into an author by the name of hatred, and it’s kind of discouraging “It is upsetting, you bet, especially “Follow da Money” who was found to see it here,” said Matas in a CBC anti-Semitic posters which targeted of feelings. “I am extremely saddened and for those people who were named. posting contents from the posters on interview. Winnipeg’s Mayor, Sam Katz. The posters were discovered on disheartened that an individual, or Why were they named? [ . . . ] We’ve website. photo by design by pepper The news of these posters also Sept. 14 in various locations around group of individuals, is posting such received a number of emails from



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i n t e r n at i o n a l n e w s b r i e f s By Jill Patterson, staff Avalanche in Nepal kills nine climbers

Libyan militias to be disbanded after US ambassador’s death

An avalanche sweeping across a Himalayan mountain in Nepal has killed nine people, possibly more, as six are still missing. Two bodies have been recovered while the other seven have been spotted on the hill but have yet to be removed. There have been 10 people who have survived but with serious injuries. Officials are still trying to determine how many people were in the climbing party. Air searches had to be stopped due to unfavorable weather conditions.

Libyan leader Mohammed Magarief has claimed that he will see to it that all unofficial Libyan militias will be disbanded and dissolved. This announcement came shortly after the United States ambassador, Christopher Stevens, was killed along with three others during an attack on the US consulate on Sept. 11. The militias appeared in response to Muammar Gaddafi and efforts to expel him from power. However, they have continued to be a presence in Libya even after Gaddafi had been removed. The numerous militias are a

strong force in Libya and disbanding the various groups will not be an easy task to accomplish. The government has even relied on the help of some militias to increase security and safety in Libya. “[We want to] dissolve all militias and military camps which are not under the control of the state. We call on everyone to stop using violence and carrying weapons in the streets and squares and public places,” said Magarief. Pakistani Minister offers bounty for the death of anti-Islam filmmaker

The Pakistan Railways Minister, Yes, freedom of expression is there, Ghulam Ahmad Bilour, has offered but you should make laws regarding a $100,000 USD bounty for anyone people insulting our Prophet, and who kills the creator of an anti-Islam if you don’t, then the future will be film, which has remained unnamed. extremely dangerous.” The film was created in the United The Prime Minister of Pakistan States under an independent produc- has disapproved of these comments. tion name. Nakoula Basseley Nakoula, According to Shafqat Jalil, a spokesthe alleged producer of the film, is person for the Prime Minister, “He currently in hiding. is not a member of the PPP (Pakistan In a personal statement, Bilour People’s Party), he is an ANP [Awami said that, “I will pay whoever kills National Party] politician and therethe makers of this video $100,000. fore the prime minister will speak If someone else makes other similar to the head of the ANP to decide blasphemous material in the future, the next step. They are not ruling out I will also pay his killers $100,000. action against him but say he will stay I call upon these countries and say: in his post for now.”

Neville given 90 days for new strategy

Climbing by Beibei Lu

PHOTO —of the—

U of M scholar put to task of creating new funding for political parties


Jill Patterson, staff


n an effort to create a new taxpayer subsidization system for funding political parties in Manitoba, the Selinger government has enlisted the help of William Neville, a University of Manitoba political scientist, to help come up with a new plan. Neville was given the task on Sept. 14 and was given 90 days to come up with a new strategy. The current tax subsidy in place was created by Gary Doer of the NDP party four years ago. This system entitled political parties to claim $1.25 per vote up to a maximum of $250,000. This plan was created in response to a ban that was made previously, which blocked the use of corporate and union money being accepted and used by political parties to fund their campaigns. However, various parties have refused to collect their subsidy, claiming instead that they saw the subsidy as a “vote tax” and did not want to partake in it. One such party was the Conservatives, who refused their share, which resulted in the NDP also refusing their share. As a result, the NDP has given up approximately $1 million over the last four years, and the conservatives have given up roughly $800,000 in the same time frame. However, some of the smaller political parties have not been so reluctant to refuse their share. The Liberal Party has accepted $253,427, the Green party $29,529, and the Communist party $2,400, all over the past four years. Neville, who along with being a senior political scientist at the

University of Manitoba was also a member of Winnipeg’s city council for 10 years, says he hopes he will be able to gain the cooperation of all political parties while he attempts to come up with a better alternative. “I don’t know that this will be less controversial than perhaps the other arrangement was, but I’m proceeding on the assumption that it is,” said Neville. Not all political parties seem as eager as Neville in coming up with a better solution. Brian Pallister, the leader of the Conservative party, has already made it known that he thinks this project is a waste of time and that he will not support or accept a taxpayer subsidization on behalf of the Conservatives. According to Pallister, political parties should be required to gain money from supporters through their own means instead of being “lazy” and accepting a subsidy. “A vote subsidy is simply a lazy levy that allows money to flow into political party coffers without politicians going out and engaging with voters and earning the support of Manitobans. Participation and financial contributions to a political party should be voluntary,” said Pallister. Pallister also commented that by not gaining support through the interaction with voters Manitobans will feel disengaged from politics in Manitoba. “We believe this proposal would further disengage Manitobans from the political process. Only a tired political party would support a proposal that would pick the pockets of hardworking Manitobans.”

Do you have a super awesome photo that you want the world to see? No matter you took that using your camera or your smart phone, send your “PHOTO OF THE WEEK” to PHOTO@THEMANITOBAN.COM.

Public Lecture

“One’s Own Voice”

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Dr. Alphonso Lingis Alphonso Lingis is an internationally renowned philosopher, photographer, writer, world traveller, and translator. His innovative work, esteemed both for its profundity and for its accessibility to a general audience, spans phenomenology and existentialism, art, architecture, sculpture, animality, and embodiment.

Tuesday, October 2, 2012, 7:30 p.m. Robert Schultz Lecture Theatre, St. John’s College, University of Manitoba Reception to follow

Open Seminar

Wednesday, October 3, 2012 2:30-5:15 p.m. Room 307 Tier Building, University of Manitoba All are welcome to attend both events. This visit is sponsored by Mosaic, a journal for the interdisciplinary study of literature. Mosaic acknowledges the financial support from the Office of the President, the Departments of Classics, English, Film & Theatre, History, Religion, and Sociology.



VOL. 99 ½ NO. 7 September 26, 2012

Men who have sex with men ban still upheld CBS lifelong blood donation ban causes controversy

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Rachel Wood, staff


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call for campus blood dona- people who tested positive for HIV, tions on Sept. 24 reopened the three times higher than any at risk debate on the Canadian Blood group of women. The policy states that any man Services (CBS) long-standing donation ban from men who have who has had sex with another sex with men. man since 1977 is ineligible for A Canadian Federation of blood donations. According to Students (CFS) campaign, End Silver, 1977 is when scientists and the Ban, calls for CBS and Health the research community agree that Canada to dismantle the policy that HIV appeared. enforces a lifetime prohibition on Silver admits that CBS is aware blood donations from men who that the policy is outdated and that a change is needed. This is why they have sex with men. UMSU was stationed near the are working on incremental change CBS blood donation clinic on the and plan to submit a proposal to second f loor of university cen- Health Canada by the end of the tre with informational material calendar year. This proposal would on the ban and why it should be revise the lifetime ban to a period of five years, meaning that only men eradicated. Bilan Arte, UMSU president, who have had sex with men in the explained that the campaign past five years would be ineligible. When asked why men could not emphasizes dispelling myths that surround men who have sex with donate if they have been tested and men. It does not discourage blood proven negative for HIV, Silver said donation but, rather, aims to edu- that there remains a window period cate donors who are unaware of the where someone can contract the virus without detection, putting the policy. Arte argued that if sex is to be a patient receiving blood at risk. Charly Wreggitt, U of M conversation in blood donation, it should centre on safe sex practices, Womynâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Centre coordinator, stated that this ban also affects individuals not an individualâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sexuality. â&#x20AC;&#x153;UMSU feels that the exclusion who identify as women. Trans-women who have sex of men who have sex with men because of an assumed higher risk with men are ineligible as well as of HIV virus contamination is a women who have sex with men that homophobic practice especially have previously had sex with other when all blood, regardless of the men. Wreggitt argues that the ban sexuality of the donor, is tested,â&#x20AC;? fails to acknowledge the advances in technology, which allows for said Arte. Adrienne Silver, regional com- proper screening of blood that is munications specialist at CBS, being donated. Silver urged individuals who are defended the policy by explaining that it was enacted based on sci- ineligible to have someone donate entific and domestic data, which blood on their behalf, as the need showed that men who have sex with for blood remains constant. More information on the End men were the population with the highest potential to spread the HIV the Ban campaign is available by contacting the UMSU camvirus. Silver said that these numbers paigns and government relations are still similar today. In 2009 it committee. was found that men who have sex illustration by caroline norman with men made up 44 per cent of


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illustration by ryan harby

An old sea captain and his thoughts Ryan Harby, staff


aptain Winstone looked out onto the Williams. avoided the captain; by now they were horizon. It was dawn and the old man He belted out the lyrics to the song as part accustomed to his ornery behaviour and stood atop his mighty ship, the Calypso, of his morning routine: out of bed, pajamas infrequent shouting spasms. Sure, he always thinking about his past. off, turtleneck sweater chosen, teeth brushed, seemed to point them in the right direction, He thought about his time in the army, all timed with a crescendo on the toilet. he always operated the way most imagined the experiences he had gained and the les“And I’ll never have that recipe again, oh a ship captain should, but there was somesons learnt through years of service and no!” thing about Winstone that put people on dedication. He thought about his early There was a slight breeze coming in from edge. There was a look in his eye that made days out at sea, the uneasy moments of his the west that day. The rest was calm, serene. some think he would rather be boxing a first nautical travel, the copious amounts of The captain walked the deck of his ship, sur- large slab of meat than occupying his time Dramamine. veying the surroundings. Point checks. with matters of scientific discovery. He also thought about the recent past, The rest of the crew was already hard The door to the kitchen opened and the the months spent captaining the Calypso, at work. Usually Winstone liked to be the captain spun around in a lightning swivel. his time exploring the vast expanses of the first to rise but today just happened to be It was one of the crew hands, an ordinary his birthday and although he dared not tell seaman. anyone, he decided to treat himself with a “What have they done with my Rainbow bit of a sleep-in. Puffs?!” Winstone demanded with GandalfThe old man slammed The old captain entered the ship’s kitchen, esque urgency. mentally preparing himself for a delicious, “Rainbow what?” the young man his fist on the kitchen nutritious breakfast. Shredded Wheaties, answered, clearly regretting the decision to tabletop, took a moment All-Corn Poppums, Dickerdoodles; these enter the room. were all quality brands of cereal but there As if disobeying the laws of nature, the and furrowed his brow. was one in particular that the captain enjoyed captain’s brow furrowed even more, past the Surely this was a cold above all else. That cereal was Rainbow point of no return. That’s exactly the type of Raisin Puffs and that very morning, that response I would expect from someone in and calculated attempt day in the calendar year in which the captain co-spirited collusion with the interns, the to undermine authority was born, they were gone. captain thought. Jolted, the captain stutter-stepped back“Out of my way, traitor!” the captain aboard the Calypso. ward, grasping the back of a chair to main- warned as the pushed his way out of the tain balance. The same cereal Winstone had kitchen. Seeds of a mutiny, the made several detours to locate, the same Every day this job gets harder for captain was sure. cereal he had made expressly clear was his Winstone. He’s not battling a colony of and his only, was now missing, vanished. giant ants created by a mad man hell-bent The old man slammed his fist on the on world domination. He’s not fending off sea. After many years of adventuring, the kitchen tabletop, took a moment and fur- wave after wave of karate robots to protect captain now navigated the waters in the rowed his brow. Surely this was a cold and a nation from full-scale invasion. He’s not name of science, as part of an ongoing mis- calculated attempt to undermine authority punching a shark in the nose to retrieve a sion to aid a crack research team on missions aboard the Calypso. Seeds of a mutiny, the precious diamond once worn by an eccentric of exploration. captain was sure. prince. It was like that old Star Trek show, he “Who could it have been?” he thought. He thought about all of that, his past; but would often say, only there was no fighting “I bet it was those damned interns. Always today what he thought about most was his and the final frontier of space was instead listening to their blasted headphones, never Rainbow Raisin Puffs. This was a new kind a bunch of water and interns. The captain giving a care in the world.” of adventure. Twisted, yes, but an adventure sighed. Maybe they knew what they were doing nonetheless. Finally, he thought about his morning. taking the Rainbow Raisin Puffs. Maybe “I will find this culprit, this cereal thief, The captain thought about waking up the they thought they would get one over on and bring him to justice,” Winstone prommorning of September 26. the old captain. ised himself. Winstone awoke once again to his favou“Guess again, you punks!” Winstone In a way, this was the best birthday presrite song, MacArthur Park as performed by blurted out to no one in particular. ent he could have ever received. Andy Williams. The captain loved Andy Many among the ship’s research team

Comment Editor: Spencer Fernando Contact: / 474.6529


Here we go again? The Innocence of Muslims controversy Chris Hearn, volunteer staff


he biggest current affairs story of the a concept that varies from country to country, last few weeks has been the outrage also helps protect some of these ideas and that we have seen in response to a movie the people who say them, and that seems to called Innocence of Muslims, a “bio-pic” of the be lost here. Without free speech laws, who prophet Mohammad that is being criticized decides what is acceptable to say? Now, in terms of the content of the as being offensive to followers of Islam. At its worst, in the Libyan city of Innocence of Muslims, well, in my opinion, Benghazi, the protests ended in the death of I don’t really believe that Mohammad was the US ambassador to Libya and three staff the perfect person that some believe he was. members. Deaths were reported at rallies in Although crude, rudimentary, crass, and other countries in the Muslim world, and horribly done, this movie does actually touch well over 200 people were injured in riots in on ideas that have been put forth by some Cairo, Egypt. Of course, these protests and academics, questioning Mohammad’s menthe violence coming with them is nothing tal state, the violence he was involved with, new. We have seen this before. and his relationships with various women, The big ignition for this round of protests among other things. that have spread far beyond the Middle East Why shouldn’t some of the grandiose, and North Africa appears to be the trailer rose-colored glasses views of him be chalto this movie that popped up on YouTube. lenged? This movie trailer is a pretty pathetic If you have seen it, I’m sure you can agree attempt at making a good challenge, and is that the movie is pathetically and laughably hardly literary or academic in any way, but horrible. It is a low-budget, poorly-written, it still presents some valid questions. At the same time there have been calls terribly-acted film that most people would have seen as a complete joke if they had man- for “respect” of religion, including from the aged to see it before all hell broke loose. White House. But, what does “respect” for Now, without a doubt, the vast majority a religion mean? To me, this is absolutely of the 1.5 billion Muslims in the world were naïve and arrogant. I will never accept relinot involved in any violence and did not gious admonishment of gays. I reject many take part in any protests whatsoever. Many of the more sexist ideas that permeate many Muslims have denounced the violence. So, religious sects around the world. Of course, there are the more extreme in no way is what I am writing attempting to be a blanket statement painting all Muslims views that we see from some radical followers with the same brush. The Muslim world (for of Islam that are downright scary: deprivlack of a better term) is complex and diverse, ing girls and women the right to education, with a wide range of views and opinions. Not forced covering (different than choosing to everyone is the same, and I know that and cover) of women, killing/jailing of gays, stonwant to make this point clear. ing of adulterers, killing or jailing of blasThe fact is that many of us have been phemers or apostates. Obviously, I am not watching and shaking our heads as embassy about to “respect” any of these ideas. Many walls have been breached, buildings have Muslims don’t like these ideas either. been burnt out, flags have been ripped by There are interpretations in the more libfrenzied crowds and burned, and rocks and eral spectrum of Islam that, yes, I can supbottles have been hurled at police. Frankly, port. There are also ideas on the conservative these are scary images and there is no get- end of the scale that I fully oppose. A blind ting around it. Along with this, the rhetoric respect for a myriad of disparate and varying has been harsh and equally as scary, with world beliefs doesn’t make any sense. Those who have the freedom to be able to calls for the director to be jailed or killed, for worldwide blasphemy laws to essentially insult or offend a religion are pretty deterbe introduced and for the video to be cen- mined to hold onto that right and justifiably sored and pulled down by the American so. As the cliché goes, people have fought government. hard and lost their lives for this freedom. Here is what makes me mad about the Likewise, there are also people so devoted backlash over this little trailer – there is no to their prophet they are willing to fight shortage of videos posted by various radical hard and lose their lives for him. As for me, religious figures that say horribly offensive, I will not stop fighting for the freedom of degrading, rude, arrogant and downright speech and expression that we enjoy in this dangerous things. These are videos that country. Why? attack gays, feminism, the Christian percepBecause in a country with blasphemy laws, tions of Jesus, atheists, theories of evolution and Darwinism, and, of course Jews. the words that I have written here could get The fact is that protection of free speech, me put in jail.


Freedom to offend The radicals need to respect free speech Alex Passey

“What is freedom of expression? Without freedom to offend, it ceases to exist.”


hat quotation is the brainchild of noted author Salman Rushdie, a man who is well acquainted with the sort of outrage that has arisen recently in several predominantly Islamic nations. In 1988 Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran pronounced a death sentence on Rushdie for writing the book The Satanic Verses, which Khomeini and many other Muslims considered blasphemous. This kind of extreme violent reaction to any perceived slight towards Islam is nothing new. In fact, it has become as predictable as the tides. Rushdie poked the bear and managed to survive. Many others have not been so lucky. Some casualties of Islamic anger weren’t even guilty of the imagined crime of blasphemy, and had simply been in the wrong place at the wrong time. One of the most recent examples of this is J. Christopher Stevens, the US Ambassador to Libya, who was murdered this past September eleventh when a group of Libyans raided the US embassy during a riot. It seems that the Libyans who killed him were quick to forget that not even a year had passed since Ambassador Stevens was an active proponent for deposing Muammar Gadhafi, and helped free them from his brutal dictatorship. And just what is the affront to the Islamic faith that lies at the epicentre of all this recent barbarism? This time it is nothing nearly as elegant as Rushdie’s prose. These current violent protests are the spawn of a crudely written, and even more crudely produced, movie featured on YouTube. Yes, a mere internet video, with production values the like you would see in a clip on Funniest Home Videos, though this movie carries with it not a trace of humour. The YouTube video depicts the prophet Muhammad as a clumsy womanizer, a child molester and basically just the kind of guy you wouldn’t want as your prophet. Many of the actors in the movie allege that they had no idea what they were starring in, and that the bigoted man who produced the film tricked them, which leads me to believe that these actors must be as dumb as the movie itself. The video is spiteful towards Islam, of that there is no question, and it is moronic to the point that it isn’t even watchable. From its inception it’s likely that the movie was destined to only be viewed by a few hundred bigots. That is, of course, until people from Egypt to Pakistan started rioting, and ended up giving the video more media attention than it ever could have dreamed of garnering on its own. The question has arisen of whether or not

the video incites religious hatred. In a recent letter to the editor featured in the Winnipeg Free Press, the video was compared to a barrage of anti-Semitic posters that were recently plastered all over Winnipeg, denigrating the mayor and other prominent members of the Jewish community. We were quick to promise prosecution for those who launched such a hateful campaign against Jews, the letter writer stated, so why not the same for the slanderous video about Muhammad? But there is an important distinction between the video and the posters. These posters perpetuated defamatory vitriol against specific members of the community, and even represented the potential for violence against the offended parties. The movie, however insulting, did not represent a potential for violence against the offended party. In fact, it is the offended party who have proven to be the violent ones. Why was the video not simply ignored and allowed to play out its short lifespan among the few fools who would find some sort of perverse pleasure by watching it, people who doubtlessly held bigoted views towards Muslims long before the movie was made? Is it so difficult to simply turn the other cheek? We teach our children that old adage about sticks and stones, why is that not relevant to people of all ages, races and religions? The video is hateful, and indeed it has incited hatred. Not hatred against Muslims though, but rather by some members of the Islamic community. The video itself, while offensive, is entirely harmless. What is not so harmless in my opinion is how sensitive some members of the Islamic community are, some who want even non-Muslims to abide by their edicts, and how easily some are spurred to violent outrage at the slightest perceived offence to their religion. If this violent reaction from some followers of the Islamic faith were an isolated incident, perhaps we could simply blame the awful video for being inflammatory. But whether it is a piece of legitimate literature like Rushdie’s book or merely a harmless cartoon like South Park, if you offend Islam, you can expect that there will be some in the Islamic community who call for your head. It has been suggested by some that we need to find a balance between freedom of expression against sensitivity towards religious beliefs, but we cannot afford to make that kind of concession to this kind of bullying. What really needs to happen in my opinion is that those radical Muslims, who would resort to violence, need to balance their outrage against the rest of the western world’s freedom of expression.



VOL. 99 ½ NO. 7 September 26, 2012

Trust me, I’m an artist None dare call it welfare Public art isn’t worth the expense to taxpayers Jess Chapman, volunteer staff


’m not the culture type. At all. I haven’t ate welfare. attended a concert in five years. I go to However little total money is spent by bookstores often – to read The Economist. The governments on the arts, when it comes time last art exhibit I attended was the Norman for them to look for cutbacks, it’s among Rockwell show at the Winnipeg Art Gallery, the lowest of low-hanging fruit. How many because Rockwell is the only artist I’ve ever times have you read about a beloved theatre appreciated. And whenever someone says or gallery that has had to shut its doors due to they love Winnipeg for its culture scene, I funding cut-offs? Wouldn’t their employees’ have an uncontrollable urge to strap them to jobs be safer if they planned their businesses a chair and force them, Kubrick-style, to look around the expectation of no public fundat images of cities with better infrastructure, ing at all? Then there’s the argument for funding policing, and governance until they beg for for the sake of individual artists: people who mercy. Sorry. Tangent. My point is, I don’t like wish to make their art into a career, but run paying for things I will never have any reason up against supply costs and have to work a to use. I’ll pay for other people’s healthcare, day job. I can somewhat sympathize. I love even though Canada’s delivery system is a my day job, but I would also love to be able farce, but that’s another column. But pay for to write full-time. Should complete strangers give me a few thousand bucks in grant them to make art? Forget it. Winnipeg spends six dollars per person on money so I can? Not if they don’t want to. It’s public art, and the Winnipeg Arts Council none of their business, especially if permawants that amount doubled. If you have an nent jobs for them won’t be a by-product of extra 12 bucks on hand and wish to spend that grant. Need extra cash for your art project? it to benefit an artist, go on with your bad voluntarily subsidizing self. But if you want Fundraising websites such as Kickstarter us all to give an extra 12 bucks to benefit art- and Indiegogo are your new best friends. ists through our taxes, please bear in mind Take them out for a drink some time. But, far and away, the best argument I’ve the condition of our streets and community centres, the low availability of affordable ever heard for arts funding is that it’s good for housing, and the rather sorry state of our people’s spirits. No, I’m not kidding, sometransportation system, such as it is. If we’re one said that to my face. You know what’s going to spend that money at all, we might good for my spirit? Getting into another as well spend it on something with long-term, debate about Canadian government reform with my buddy Steve’s friends on Facebook. tangible benefit. It’s true that organizations that can Sitting with my friends and verbally beating afford to put on a “rich gala,” to quote Prime the entrails out of the Star Wars prequels. Minister Stephen Harper, are the exception, Baking a coffee cake. Not the arts. Don’t not the rule, of arts funding beneficiaries. talk to me about spirits. So, to recap: we can spend our money But that’s not the main problem with it. The main problem as I see it is the idea that more wisely. Funding for arts groups creates an entire industry and the people working risky dependency. Funding for individual in it require a constant stream of taxpayer artists is a gamble on gains for anyone but money to survive. When an oil company them. The “spirit” argument is just bullshit. And if anyone wants to persuade me gets that kind of treatment, the same people who demand more government arts funding otherwise, I’ll happily give you 12 bucks to turn around and, rightfully, call this corpor- go away.

Subsidies for the arts are awesome Kara Passey, staff


rt is a language that allows different cultures and even different historical periods to communicate with one another. Investing in the arts via funding programs, grants, and awards is important if we want to sustain and grow our culture. By investing in innovation, free thought, creativity and arts, supported artists are able to succeed, create jobs, and enhance our communities. “Arguing against public art funding is like saying that only rich people should have TV, movies, books and paintings. If the public doesn’t pitch in together to get it, then only those people who can afford it will get it. Like health care,” says Ben Clarkson, a working artist who has received travel, professional development, and individual funding on a municipal and provincial level, as well as a federal production award. “Arts funding is important in several ways – one, it is financially negligible. In 2010-11 the Canada Council for the Arts budget was only 181.3 million dollars – less than the cost of one F-35. In contrast we give about 1.4 billion in fossil fuel subsidies every year. The entire Canadian federal budget is 276.1 billion dollars making the total cost of arts funding around 0.07 per cent of our yearly fiscal commitments, rounded up.” Clarkson is just one Winnipeg artist who has received funding for his work – and you better believe he works hard to get it. He produces art daily, has exhibited internationally, has been published in various publications, and volunteers his time at the local nonprofit, Art City. Often when taxpayers complain about art subsidies, they only concentrate on the individual artists—no matter how deserving they might be—and forget about all the non-profit organizations that also receive funding. Organizations that concentrate on diverse cultures, or people with disabilities – organizations like Art City, which is a non-profit community art centre dedicated to providing art programming to residents of the West Broadway area. Art City has, on average, 400 youth, teen, and adult participants per month. Their objective is to encourage self-expression, communication and creativity to inspire a

sense of self-worth, ownership, and accomplishment in their participants. Art City provides a safe, supportive, non-competitive environment for those who attend, which is an ongoing, integral part of the West Broadway community – oh, and it’s free. “[There is a stark reality] when it comes to initiating arts-based programs for underserved communities. There is a tremendous amount of personal sacrifice that must be made to create the conditions for others to have access to art. Art City is an exemplary organization and funders reward our efforts because we deliver above and beyond expectations every time,” says Josh Ruth, managing director at Art City. “Still, we cannot afford to pay our facilitators what they are worth. Their level of professionalism and what their job demands should earn them a much more substantial wage, but people who work [in] our fields— that is art, or community development—just know, we’re not here because it’s lucrative.” Whether or not you are interested in supporting contemporary art or community programming, arts and culture is just plain necessary. It defines us, and explains who we are. The pride of a nation isn’t found in its economic bottom line. Ventures into the arts and sciences aren’t just necessary to human evolution; they are things that people remember in history. “Why should we keep paying taxes if we don’t feel an attachment to a country, a province or a city?” says Clarkson. “If the only culture you take in is hockey and advertisement, sure you might have a problem with art and it’s history and ideas. You are still shaped by it, you are still a product of this environment and art is us creating our own environment.” The awards and programming that Canada has to offer to the arts are crucial to our cultural growth. Even on a smaller scale, such as our student newspaper, isn’t it great to have a platform where we can have an open forum for free expression? Isn’t it great that the Manitoban is funded by the students and to provide a place where writers can share and learn?


Science & Technology Editor: Bryce Hoye Contact: / 474.6529

Science & technology

Helpful back-to-school apps Dropbox, Flux, 750 words, Write or Die David Krause, volunteer staff


ince school is in full swing, any tools to make your life easier and more purposive as a student are invaluable. We’ve compiled a shortlist of programs and apps that might make the back-to-school transition a little less painful. One app may even save you from committing the rookie mistake of loosing digital documents to a computer crash at the 11 th hour.


Writing a desperate email to your teacher explaining why you couldn’t submit your essay because of a hard drive crash is a classic school nightmare. However, with Dropbox your essay is only a click away provided you have internet access. The application hosts your files elsewhere (“the cloud”), but makes them accessible to you simultaneously on your devices. Whenever you make a change to your essay and save, the file change is synched to your Dropbox account. If your hard drive crashes, or you forget your project at home, your file will still be accessible.

File deletion history exists, making will suit your needs. forget about it. If you are a graphic ing money isn’t mandatory. Visit the Dropbox a great for a student’s revidesigner, you can disable the app for website at sion control system. Flux a time (option within the program) Available on every conceivable Looking at a bright monitor all while you do colour work. Write or Die operating system (even Linux), day can cause eye irritation. I find Procrastination is a curse, but Dropbox it hard to con- 750 words Write or Die might help defeat it. allows you to centrate on my Jerry Seinfeld is famous for his First developed as a web application, You set how many access your work after a motivational story. When he was Write or Die has expanded to paid f iles from period of time, starting out, he would sit down every iOS and PC versions. words you need anywhere. I especially in day and write. Every day he did so, You set how many words you need to write, the time often run to the evenings. he would mark an “X” on a calendar. to write, the time frame for complethe library Luckily others After a while, there would be a chain tion, consequence level for procrastiframe for completion, and downhave the same of X’s. The visual motivation would nation and the strictness level of the load my files problem and be to avoid breaking the chain. It’s a application before it starts to punish consequence level for via dropbox. a kind, clever very effective self-motivation tech- you. The punishments vary from the procrastination and com for printgeek has cre- nique that the website 750words has screen turning red, to actual words ing. It saves ated a program utilized. being deleted while the cursor sits the strictness level of the hassle of to solve this The purpose is to write 750 words idly on the page. the application before buying and issue. During a day about anything, and every day It’s a very effective visual writing rememberthe day, your you do, an X is marked. To make it tool and has saved my ass many times it starts to punish you. ing to bring screen will be even more exciting, you can sign up while I’m writing an essay the night a USB key to bright, but in for a monthly competition and are before. Editing can happen later, but school. the evenings, it pitted against other users. Users who you just need to write and put words The first two gigs of space are will slowly tint orange. This is easier write daily with an unbroken chain on the page. Write or Die helps you free, with higher amounts costing a on your eyes, especially in the eve- are awarded with achievements. Get kick through the wall of procrastimonthly subscription. For someone nings when it’s dark outside and you motivated and sign up for the free nation and help you finish papers that just needs a quick way to save, are winding down. website! The developer asks if you on time. Check it out at writeordie. backup, and share projects, Dropbox Simply install the program, and find 750 useful, to donate, but giv- com.

E L A S N O ! W nO

Thursday, October 11 at 7:30 pm Tickets at 1 855 985 5000


Science & Technology

VOL. 99 ½ NO. 7 September 26, 2012

Science Briefs News from the world of genetics and stem cells Ian T. D. Thomson

New study able to identify genes involved in Face shape A new study, published by Plos Genetics, has shined a light on the genes that shape the human face. Using techniques of 3D magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as well as a 2D portrait of the subject’s face, researchers were able to uncover the locations of five genetic loci that contribute to facial morphology. The study used a sample of almost 10,000 individuals all of European ancestry. Due to limitations with 3D MRI, the study was not able to examine the subsequent genes that influence the lower part of the face. The study focused on nine “landmarks” located on the upper face. A landmark is defined as one anatomical feature in reference to the location of another. These landmark areas included many prominent facial features, such as the anterior tip of the nose and the right and left eyeballs. Upon examining the subjects’ MRI and portraits at the landmarks, researchers were able to verify the presence of five different genetic loci that help shape the human face: PRDM 16, PAX3, TP63, C5orf50, and COL17A1. The data is solely based on a study sample of European descendents and requires further research to be

conducted on subpopulations across other continents. Nonetheless, the findings should prove important, further illuminating genetic research on the DNA-underpinnings of interindividual facial shape and, by extension, the applications it may confer to fields like forensics. Newly developed stem cell gel able to repair spinal damage Researchers from the University of California were recently able to fix the injured spinal cords of adult rats through the use of stem cell therapy.

Published in the journal Cell, the study demonstrates a gel, filled with neural stem cells, that was able to restore electrophysiological activity

and behaviour in an adult rat’s damaged spinal cord. The gel consists of neural stem cells embedded into fibrin matrices. Mixed in with a concoction of several growth factors (or a “cocktail,” as the study describes), the cells were then attached to damaged sites of the spinal cord. The sample population of the study consisted of 344 adult rats that were tested over the span of nine weeks after initial damage to their spinal cord. The stem cells engineered with an expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP), the researchers were able to follow the progress of the cells over the nine week period. The gel was seen to spread throughout the lesion while the neural stem cells were observed differentiating into neurons. These new spinal cord neurons were seen extending the lengths of the axons in larger numbers (def : an axon is a thin thread-like part of the nerve cell that functions to guide impulses out to receiving neurons). This improved outgrowth of the axons resulted in significant functional improvement in the site of spinal cord damage. Past studies utilizing stem cell grafts for injured spinal cords have proved less than successful, reporting only of “modest” axon lengthening. However, as the new study notes, “the

improved survival, growth, and outcomes in the present study are likely a result of the use of fibrin matrix and a growth factor cocktail, together with clear identification of cell fate and projection using the GFP reporter.” There is cause for optimism; the success of the neural stem cell gel may one day result in therapy practically applicable to the remediation of various stages of spinal cord nerve damage. Stem cells able to improve hearing in gerbils A new study from the University of Sheffield demonstrates the use of stem cells and how they may function to treat deafness. Published in the journal Nature, researchers were able to bring stem cells to differentiate into spiral ganglion neurons, which help pick up auditory signals and send them to the brain. The ability to perceive sound—to hear—works through a system that occurs deep within our inner ear. Sound waves move through the external auditory canal, which vibrate the eardrum. This vibration is transmitted through three small bones in the middle ear to the cochlea of the inner ear. In the cochlea, a network of small hair cells abound, they are moved by a fluid according to the frequency

of the sound wave. The movement is converted to an electrical signal, which is then transmitted by neurons to your brain, where the brain interprets the sound. While damage to hearing is caused primarily by faulty or injured hair cells, if there is damage to the spiral ganglion neurons hearing will become impaired. The purpose of the study was to develop a treatment for this specific type of neuron loss. The sample of the study consisted of 18 gerbils because their auditory range is comparable to humans. By taking human fetal stems cells and adding these within a mixture of chemicals in vitro, the stem cells were able to develop into cells similar to hair cells and spiral ganglion neural cells. These neural cells were then injected into the inner ear of the gerbil at the site of neuronal damage. This method proved successful; the study was able to demonstrate approximately a 46 per cent increase on average in functional improvement of the gerbils’ hearing. Whether these techniques will be applied in human trials remains unclear due to concerns ranging from the ethical to safety-related. illustration by Hunter rich

On the importance of vaccines Not taking part puts us all at risk Gem Newman


accination is really important. That may seem to you like an unusually benign assertion – not because it’s false, but because it’s so trivially and obviously true that it shouldn’t need to be said. If so, congratulations – you’re on the right side of the science. You understand that when you receive a vaccination, you’re not just protecting yourself, you’re contributing to herd immunity by preventing yourself from becoming a vector for the disease and transmitting it to those who are too young or infirm to receive the vaccine themselves. You understand that while the flu may not seem like a big deal to you, complications from influenza kill more than 4,000 Canadians every year, and that those with compromised immune systems must rely on high rates of immunization to prevent infection. You understand that in 1979, an ongoing vaccination campaign completely eradicated smallpox, which once killed one child out of every ten in many European countries, and as recently as the 1950s still infected 50 million people worldwide every year. A similar campaign has eliminated polio

from the Western Hemisphere. You understand that while no medical intervention can be guaranteed to be 100 per cent safe, the risk associated with vaccination is orders of magnitude less than the risk you take every morning when you get into your car. You understand that when vaccination rates fall, people die. Children die. While this information is readily available to anyone with Internet access, and can be easily corroborated from multiple sources, Canadians are increasingly falling victim to vaccine disinformation. Surely scientists, medical professionals, and the government bear some responsibility for the fact that childhood vaccination rates among Canadian children are on the decline. Journalists have argued that vaccines have been a victim of their own success, the wane in vaccine-preventable diseases resulting in complacency and unconcern.

But in recent years doctors have also had to contend with a coordinated disinformation campaign aiming to discredit this vital cornerstone

of medicine. Much of the blame may be laid at the feet of Andrew Wakefield, whose long discredited 1998 Lancet article purporting to link the MMR vaccine

to autism received significant media Disease Control is calling the worst in attention. While Wakefield’s paper 50 years, with Québec suffering from was retracted by the Lancet (due to ten times the usual number of cases. shoddy research methodology, mul- Although the vaccine is very effective, tiple undisclosed conflicts infants under three months aren’t old of interest, and even delib- enough to be vaccinated, and at least erate fraud) and his license one Canadian child has already sucto practice medicine was cumbed to the disease this year. revoked, Wakefield’s claims Not only have unfounded fears continue to be repeated by relating to the safety of vaccines anti-vaccine activists who fuelled this epidemic, many antihave come to see him as a vaccine organisations are presenting martyr. this outbreak as evidence that vaccines The media also bears are ineffective (with one depressingly some responsibility in popular site going so far as to falsely this fiasco. While many claim that vaccination makes children newsagents were quick to more likely to fall prey to the disease). put word to page when This activity serves to further dissuade Wakefield’s work was first parents from vaccinating their chilpublished, little was ever dren, worsening the outbreak and reported about the legions putting more lives in jeopardy. And of follow-up studies that all without a shred of solid scientific consistently failed to rep- evidence. licate Wakefield’s findings. So consider getting the seasonal flu After all, as British jour- shot this year. You may not think that nalist Tom Chivers notes, influenza is such a big deal, but your “’vaccine may cause autism!’ grandparents might. And if you’re a is a much better headline than “vac- parent, or you’re likely to be in close cine doesn’t cause autism!’” contact with children, get a pertussis North America is currently suf- booster. It might just save someone’s fering from a pertussis (whooping life. cough) outbreak that the Centre for Illustration by seumas gibson

Arts & Culture Editor: Kara Passey Contact: / 474.6529


Arts & Culture

Pledge-O-Rama! Show your support for UMFM and their volunteers Jenna Diubaldo


he University of Manitoba cam- Filteau, event organizer, board mempus radio station UMFM 101.5 ber, and host of UMFM program is planning its first annual Pledge- Smash It Up. O-Rama event, and this weeklong “We have about 125 very creative fundraising extravaganza promises and ambitious volunteers who will to be out of this world. do really great things for Winnipeg The event will take place from community radio if they could be Oct. 19 to 26, with the goal of rais- supported [ . . . ] and had access to a ing $20,000 to help pay for budget- few more resources. It’s hoped that by calling on our listeners for support, Pledge-O-Rama will create a bit of a cushion which will allow the “We have about station to plan a little farther into the future [ . . . ] and allow our vol125 very creative unteers to continue and expand the and ambitious cool things they already are doing for our listeners.” volunteers who Listeners will have the chance will do really great to call in and pledge their cash to UMFM in exchange for some sweet things for Winnipeg Pledge-O-Rama schwag. Schwag community-radio includes items such as: Pledge-ORama t-shirts, record bags, mugs, if they could be pins, and the coveted UMFM ”Friends with Benefits” card, which supported.” will get you mega discounts at over 30 local businesses. The most unique incentive item ary items such as maintenance costs, offered this year is the UMFM audio equipment, and other day-to- Transmissions compilation album. The day expenses. CD features 50s-style artwork of a “Our current budget really only DJ alien sending “transmissions” of allows for a perfect, inflation-free nothing but the finest roots, rap, and world where new equipment or rock and roll Winnipeg has to offer. repairs are never required, and we The album is illustrated by local artnever expand our programming ist Darren Merinuk and designed by or improve anything,” states Ryan Steve Hallick at Little Man Graphic

Design. “This year’s inaugural CD is made up of two discs of songs, the first being already recorded tracks that the bands provided,” said Filteau. “We invited these bands [based] very loosely on whether they had charted in the past year at UMFM, or more generally if they have been getting attention in the local or national music scene. The second disc was all recorded live-off-the-floor [over] the past year at UMFM studios as livebroadcasts and one-off sessions.” Pledge-O-Rama will come to a close with a party. The wrap-up event will take place on Oct. 26 at the U of M campus bar The Hub. It will feature music from local synth-pop act, Scotch + Tape, as well as outof-towners Evening Hymns, which consists of members from Timber Timbre, the Wooden Sky, and City & Colour, who come together to play hauntingly beautiful folk-inspired music. “Anyone who is currently not directly involved with the station is invited to come down, answer a phone and lend a hand,” says Filteau. “Pledge-O-Rama would be a perfect time for a prospective show-host or future volunteer to start getting involved with the station.” To make a donation to Pledge-ORama, call (204) 474-6610, 24 hours a day, between October 19 and 26.

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Arts & Culture


VOL. 99 ½ NO. 7 September 26, 2012

Student Spotlight _mind’s eye. by Juliana Kusyk Kara Passey, staff


he current exhibition in the bones, entitled “Queensboro Hybrid and stand for cream and sugar, takes Gallery of Student Art (GoSA) Couture House Elevation,” is cen- the abject material of animal bones is quite unlike any tered on the main and makes them into something architectural body wall and a bone delicate and of work I’ve ever seen table with teacups is beautiful. “I’ve before. So, when I the focal point of the The piece developed met up with Juliana room in front of it. talks a lot Kusyk to discuss her “[I had been doing about the an obsession show—GoSA’s first a lot of work] with relationwith the of the 2012-13 year—I armatures [and I had ship of conwas surprised to find designed] a fashion structing baroque and out that _mind’s eye. couture house that out of bone is work she had comwas built out of bones. – the teacups the ornate,” pleted as an underI had a lot of bones to nestled into Kusyk laughs, grad in Architecture, look at and analyze the d ips and is now working – so when the table and curves “and gold, I on her master’s project came around of the table like gold.” degree. it [all came together]. are made The gallery walls When you look at the out of bone are filled with digital drawing and look at themselves. artworks and photographs in wooden, the table, it seems like it [should be a “[The table] is about intimacy, and vintage frames that are painted gold. part of it],” says Kusyk. the more I worked with the bones I A large draft for a building made of The table, topped with a gold teapot developed a [relationship with them].

I sanded each one for about ten to bright colours. The light bouncing fifteen hours and had to polish them. off its surface makes shadows on its A tea party is such a delicate ritual white backdrop that seem to contain that is already lightning. def ined [as “[The Omniverse was an assignintimate],” says ment to] section an object and redeKusyk. sign it, and I wanted to dissect the “I’ve devel- universe – like parallel universes,” oped an obses- says Kusyk. “I made it out of gelasion with the tin and stuck objects in it – [like baroque and beads and foam to contribute to its the ornate,” texture].” Kusyk laughs, _mind’s eye. is a must see for any “and gold, I like aspiring architecture student – or fine gold.” art student. It displays a wide array The remain- of unconventional art materials and der of Kusyk’s shows the value of experimentation. show is docu- The exhibition will be in GoSA until mentation of Oct. 5. her ambitious experiments with Are you a student who has materials. The piece “The Omniverse” work on display? Contact arts@ is a series of photos of a shiny, crys- to be featured tal-like object filled with brilliant in our Student Spotlight column.



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Arts & Culture


How to watch a WNDX film A guide to Winnipeg’s Festival of Film and Video Art Michelle Saromo, volunteer staff


o be clear, you will not see Hollywood-style dramas here,” warns Cecilia Araneda, president and co-founder of WNDX, Winnipeg’s Festival of Film and Video Art. The disclaimer is almost a given— it’s a festival of independent experimental films and moving art, after all—but still a necessary reminder. The festival doesn’t host the type of indie films that one watches just for the sake of referencing their obscurity. They celebrate honest, artistic works of expression that would not typically be lauded in the mainstream. Myself being one of many who feels vulnerable to meeting the expectations of the dominant culture, viewing some of these works provided some uncommon insight. In order to embrace the

festival experience, there are some key things you’ll need to remember: Keep an open mind You’ll get the most out of your experience if you come into it with few expectations. Talking from my

experience, I went into Thompson by Mike Maryniuk thinking there would be panoramic views of an open road moving towards the northern

Manitoba landscape – perhaps a And for that matter, don’t worry on its reality is not easy. This is just mainstream assumption. Instead, I if it makes you feel uncomfortable. one of the many films in the festival was surprised to find myself being The creation of art is an intimate pro- that encourage the viewer to expose lulled into a trance while look- cess that requires great passion and themselves to the unfamiliar. ing out of a car window at endless honest—things that are rarely found rows of trees, blurring and merging in prominent blockbusters—so the Don’t expect to “get it” together. It was as if Maryniuk were occasional feeling of discomfort just At least not right away – or in my the driver and I, merely comes with the territory. The works case, ever. I’m no cinematography his passenger. showcased in WNDX diverge from expert, nor do I claim to be a film It was an unexpected, the cinematic comfort zone. critic. I can’t confidently declare one but welcome experience. For instance, Dan Browne’s film as being better than another; but Another thing to keep in memento mori reflects on the concept perhaps I don’t need to. mind is that most of these of death through a series of flashing, WNDX is a celebration of indefilms are non-linear; they fleeting images of the world—images pendent thinkers who breach the typically have no set plot, of childhood, families, people, natu- cultural norms of cinema. The fesno clear beginning or end. ral as well as man-made surroundings, tival encourages the audience to These aren’t full-length and religious icons—occasionally immerse themselves in these picfeature films catered to the accompanied by rhythmic drumming tures and take some pieces home public interest – these are and a sound bite of a narrator dis- with them. These films aren’t seeking snippets of various artists’ cussing death in front of an audience. for approval or understanding, but perspectives of their world The images seem to mimic the lack of merely appreciation. being shared with the public. clarity we have about the concept. WNDX runs from September Death is commonly viewed as an 26 to 30. For more informaDon’t be afraid unsettling subject that everyone faces tion, visit at some point, and having to meditate

Childhood experiences with mental illness Shelagh Carter talks about her film, Passionflower David Krause, volunteer staff


ental illness is a difficult topic for anyone to deal with, especially if it involves a loved one. You don’t know what to do or say - you just know something is wrong. Filmmaker and U of M Theatre Professor Shelagh Carter wrote and directed Passionflower, a Manitoba produced film, based on her childhood experiences dealing with her mother’s mental illness. The Manitoban caught up with Carter the evening of her return from TIFF where she screened Passionflower and secured Canadian distribution with Multiple Media. The Manitoban: What inspired you to write Passionflower?

this, and I saw the situation of the Shelagh Carter: family – I didn’t feel so alone about It’s my childhood and it was time it. There were actually some people to tell the story. I met a producer who behind me that started to laugh and was very interested in [the story] and I got mad, because I felt they were she felt that if I told [it], it would be laughing at my mom. That’s when I done and would set me free. knew I really loved my mother and Of course, there are some ele- I was beginning to see that it was an ments that have been fictionalized, illness and it wasn’t her. but I’d say it’s 85 to 95 per cent from that time when I was a little girl. It’s M: Visually, what films were you also about a family [who] is caught inspired by? up in a predicament with mental illness in the 1960s and [doesn’t know] SC: I really want truth on the screen. what to do. I really want people to feel they are I was sitting in The Women Under actually looking at a situation, it isn’t the Influence with Gina Rowlands, cinema vérité, but I hope it’s truthful. and the women on the screen was Therefore you don’t “see” any acting. my mom—to me—and when I saw

M: How did you keep performances natural with the actors? SC: I worked really hard when we were casting to get the right chemistry. I’ve been teaching acting for a number of years now and I’m not coming to the film inexperienced. I’ve made short films [that] have been invaluable in preparing me. M: How was your film received at TIFF? SC: It was last year when my film qualified. I can tell you it got right down to the wire and I actually had a personal call from one of the artistic directors. He was lovely

about [explaining the outcome] as they don’t have to take the time to call you. At TIFF this year we were signed with a Canadian Distribution Company, Multiple Media, and they really understand the film. Through word of mouth, the film has been requested at a couple other festivals and we are waiting to see if it makes it to programming. It was Manitobamade and we had terrific support from the funders, [Manitoba Film and Music, as well as Telefilm]. Passionflower is screening at The Winnipeg Film Group’s Cinematheque on Sunday, September 30 and Thursday, October 4.

A physical experience Review: Catharsis by Douglas Smith Emily Franz-Lien


n Friday, Sept. 14 aceartinc. launched a powerful new exhibit, Catharsis, by Douglas Smith. Catharsis is a series of black and white panoramic drawings that explore ideas related to the rapid changes of our environment and the angst surrounding it. I entered the gallery on a quiet weekday afternoon. Aceartinc. is located on McDermot Avenue in an old historical building, so visiting the gallery is an experience in itself. While walking up the creaky

wooden stairs to the gallery you I was seeing – fields of wheat? a non-linear storyline inspired by for acrylic painting at the Winnipeg feel transported back in time. Soldiers marching? I stepped closer his life in the Canadian prairies Art Gallery. A detailed bio analysis Once inside I felt my eyes dart- but the mystery was not revealed. and the Netherlands. It was cre- of his pieces can be found on his ing back and forth trying to deci- The perspective changes and new ated between 2007 and 2010, and website, pher each drawing. The drawings details are shown though the mean- rendered with graphite on paper. In a short video biography, are large and quite abstract so I ing gives way more slowly. Douglas Smith is a graduate of Smith explains that he refrains made sure to take my time. From a According to the artist’s website, the University of Manitoba Fine from using anything digital in his distance, each piece seems straight- Catharsis was intended as a physi- Arts diploma program. His art has art. He prefers to use what he calls forward – a landscape, a portrait. A cal experience, a visual sensation, been displayed at exhibitions in a “hand felt touch.” To him, art is closer view reveals the molecular not an intellectual exercise – and Manitoba, the United States, and almost like magic, making him feel structure is hundreds of graphic that’s just what it is. The drawings Europe. Smith has been the recipi- part of whatever he is drawing. symbols. will surround and overwhelm, and ent of many grants in Manitoba. In Catharsis is a free exhibition After scanning the first piece there is much to take in. addition to working in his studio, will run in aceartinc. until Oct. 19. in the gallery I was not sure what Smith describes his artwork as he is currently a sessional instructor


Arts & Culture

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VOL. 99 ½ NO. 7 September 26, 2012

Kelly-Jo Dorvault

Tuesday, Oct. 2

Friday, Sept. 28

Friday, Sept. 28

Negative Space

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Negative Space

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Europe-bound Many top-tier NHL players finding leagues to play in during lockout Scott Billeck, volunteer staff


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las, the NHL lockout has has also signed in the KHL and will arrived and it looks like it could play for Dyanmo Moscow. be here for some time. Many of your Other notables include Rick favorite players have jumped ship Nash—one of the most coveted to Europe, but where exactly did unrestricted free agents this off seathey go? son—who signed with HC Davos of Of course you want to follow the Swiss National League A, where them but you he w ill join have no idea Sharks forward The Jets have how to even Joe Thornton for pronounce the duration of assigned 13 the names of the lockout. Ilya their newfound Kovalchuk of players—including teams. You’re in the New Jersey Alexander luck, however, Devils is lacing as we’re here it up for SKA Burmistrov to f ill you in St. Petersburg of and Patrice on just exactly the KHL while who’s signed on Ottawa Senators Cormier—to their to play overseas forward Jason AHL affiliate, the this year. Sp e z z a w i l l I’ll start with represent St. John’s Ice Caps. the Western RapperswilConference, Jona in the Swiss which has a Leag ue. The bunch of household names heading “Humongous Big” Ilya Bryzgalov off to ply their trades in Europe. will be teaching his fellow teamThe San Jose Sharks are well mates all about the universe with represented with Big Joe Thornton CSKA Moscow this year. and Logan Couture both heading to The Winnipeg Jets have sent Switzerland, with teammate Jason some players to the AHL, while Demers playing in Finland. Stanley others are headed overseas. Ondrej Cup champion Los Angeles Kings Pavelec is headed home to play in forward Anze Kopitar, who led the the Czech Republic for HC Ocelari 2011-2012 playoffs in points, is head- Trinec in the Czech Extraliga. The ing to Sweden to join Swedish Elite newly acquired Alexei Ponikarovski League side, Mora IK. has signed with HC Donbass of the The number one draft pick in KHL. Alexander Burmistrov and the 2012 NHL Entry Draft, Nail Patrice Cormier are both notables Yakupov of the Edmonton Oilers among 13 players that the Jets have is heading to the Kontinental assigned to their AHL affiliate, the Hockey League (KHL) to join up St. John’s Ice Caps. Mark Schieffle with hometown team, Neftekhimik. has been relegated, once again, to Two-time Stanley Cup Champion tearing up the OHL with the Barrie and future Hockey Hall of Famer Colts. Jaromir Jagr will suit up for Kladno of the Czech Extraliga. Pavel Datsyuk will return to Russia, and If you are interested in seeing how is a welcome addition to CSKA your favorite players are doing Moscow. overseas, the Internet is your best In the Eastern Conference, there friend. For the KHL you can go to are several big-name players fly-, while the rest of the ing over to Europe. Sid the Kid is leagues they can all be followed in reportedly interested in playing in English at Russia. If he does, he will likely join his teammate and reigning Hart Trophy winner Evgeni Malkin and play for Metallurg of the KHL. illustration by allan lorde Meanwhile, Alexander Ovechkin

VOL. 99 ½ NO. 7 September 26, 2012

Rough weekend in Winnipeg for Bisons Soccer team Bison women lose matches against Trinity Western and UBC

photos by beibei lu


n a cool, crisp afternoon the Bison women’s soccer team faced off against a tough Trinity Western University Spartans team. The Bisons have had a less than encouraging season so far and went into the match on a two game losing streak while their opponents were sitting at the top of the tables in Canada West with a 3-0 record. During an energetic start to the match, the Bisons were able to keep a lot of the action on the Spartans half of the field and created a few good goal-scoring opportunities. “The plan to start with was to come out and try to impose ourselves on them, and I think we did that,” said Sloane-Seale. But the momentum at the beginning of the game didn’t last as long as the Bisons head coach Hayden Sloane-Seale would have liked. After the first ten minutes of the first half, it was becoming clear that the Trinity side was a calculated and aggressive bunch that had a job to do. “For the first 20 minutes I think we came out and played the way we wanted to play, and then we conceded a really, really bad goal against the run of play, and that took the wind out of our sails,” commented SloaneSeale. The defending conference champions scored their first goal against the Bisons in the fifth minute with a beautiful breakaway goal, and there were more to follow. “To the [team’s] credit, I thought they kept competing, and then they conceded the second goal, which was bit of a heartbreaking

goal because it made the game comfortable for them,” stated Sloane-Seale. “The way we conceded goals today was disappointing.” The Spartans took a 2-0 lead within the first 15 minutes of the game and continued to demonstrate why they are the best for the rest of the first half, finding the back of the net another two more times before halftime. The score stayed at 4-0 for Trinity through to the end of the match. The Spartans continued to prove themselves on the prairies this past weekend. After beating the U of M 4-0 on Saturday, they went on to decimate the U of W on Sunday with a final score of 6-0. After the Saturday game against the top team in the nation and defending champs the Bisons had no time to rest, as they played a game the next afternoon against the second team in the tables, the University of British Columbia Thunderbirds. After the Trinity game Sloane-Seale said, “UBC will be a completely different task, they won’t be as tidy on the ball as Trinity, but they’ll be more physically imposing so that’s going to present a completely different task.” And while it may have been a completely different task, it was almost the very same outcome. The Bisons lost 3-0 to the Thunderbirds, which placed them in eighth in the Canada West conference standings. Next up the Bisons will be traveling to Abbotsford, BC to see what they can do against the University of the Fraser Valley Cascades on Sept. 28.


Bisons win a wild one Cam Clark comes up big in 51-38 victory Marc Lagace, staff

sive scoring two touchdowns on the day (one passing and one rushing) and totaling 208 all-purpose yards on the day. Despite Clark’s outstanding numbers, and the Bisons dominance in the second half, the game certainly appeared to be up for grabs in the first half. photos by beibei lu The Bisons opened the scoring quick on fter taking their lumps against the U of their first drive of the game, as WR Danny Calgary Dinos in week three, the Bisons Turek scored on an 80-yard catch-andcame back strong against the U of Alberta run play, only the second play of the game. Golden Bears – a team still desperately trying Alberta responded right away, running at will to win their first game of the season. against a Bison defence that had no answer Quarterback Cam Clark had his best for the run game in the first quarter. Tyler game as starting quarterback for the herd. Lewis scored a 34-yard rushing touchdown He completed 23 of 27 passes for 442 yards to tie it up. The teams exchanged touchdowns and four touchdowns, as Manitoba won a on the next two possessions as both defences wild one 51-38. struggles to stop much of anything. Clark’s performance was certainly crucial The teams exchanged field goals for the Bison victory, but it was a series of (Manitoba’s Nick Boyd hit a 33-yarder, while clutch special team plays that flipped the Alberta’s Stephan Fabian kicked a 35-yarder) game on its head in the third quarter. and the game remained tied throughout the The first play came when Nic Demski majority of the first half. That is, until Alberta returned a missed field goal out of the end QB Curtis Dell called his own number and zone and 98-yards downfield to the Alberta ran in for a 13-yard touchdown with just over 30-yard line. At the time of the field goal four minutes until halftime. attempt, Alberta was looking to extend their Alberta would remain in front until that lead to ten points. fateful missed field goal in the third quarter On the very next play, Clark hooked up set off the collapse. with Andrew Smith on a 30-yard touchAlberta drops to 0-4, while the Bisons are down pass that tied the game at 24-24. The now 3-1. They travel to Regina to play the Bears tried to respond, but could not get Rams on Sept. 28, in a game that will likely anything going. The Bison defence stood determine the pecking order in the Canada strong, and Alberta—backed up deep in West. Regina and Manitoba are currently their own end—was forced to punt. On the tied for second in the conference standings ensuing punt, Bison fullback Andrew Barry behind Calgary - who remain undefeated broke through the blocking and stuffed the after four games. A win in Regina would punt attempt. The ball bounced back into greatly improve the Bisons' playoff outlook. Alberta’s end zone, where Barry recovered it for the touchdown. The score put the Bisons on top 31-24 and officially swung all the momentum back in Manitoba’s favour. Anthony Coombs scampering for 81 yards on 14 carries and was the top rusher for the Bisons, although Demski was just as impres-


Grace Romund, staff




VOL. 99 ½ NO. 7 September 26, 2012

Where were you in ’72? Fondly recalling the ‘goal of the century’ Adam Peleshaty, volunteer staff


orty years ago Friday, the goal was scored. With 34 seconds left in the eighth and final game of the Summit Series, game tied at five, series tied at 3-3-1, Toronto Maple Leafs forward Paul Henderson shot the puck past Soviet goalie Vladislav Tretiak to win the series for Team Canada. Despite suffering a concussion in Game 5, Henderson scored the next three game-winning goals in the series. The goal ended one of the greatest exhibitions of hockey ever witnessed, sparked nationwide celebrations in Canada, and turned hockey players into heroes. At the time the Soviets dominated international hockey competition. The 1972 World Championships held earlier in the year were the first time the Soviets did not win gold in ten years. Meanwhile, Canada had withdrawn from international competition, frustrated with the International Ice Hockey Federation for refusing to let professionals play. With the

help of NHL Players Association The Canadians rebounded with a despite having a 4-1 lead in the third president Alan Eagleson and the 4-1 Game 2 win in Toronto but gave period. With their backs against Canadian embassy in Moscow, the up a two-goal lead to tie the Soviets the wall, Canada dug in and won eight-game Summit Series was cre- 4-4 in Winnipeg. In Game 4, the 3-2 in Game 6 and 4-3 in Game 7. In ated and held Soviets dom- Game 8, both teams alternated goals in September, inated with a until the Soviets scored two to lead 1972. 5-3 win in 5-3 after two periods. But Canada The first Vancouver. scored twice in the third to tie the game was A fter the game before Henderson’s game and held in game, series winner. Team Canada returned Montreal and Canada’s top home with a hero’s welcome. fans expected scorer Phil The Summit Series remains sigcertain Esposito nificant in many ways. It was the Canadian went on the first time Canadian NHL players victory in all defensive united to become a national team eight games. in front of and the term “Team Canada” was Despite an a national coined during the series. Also united ea rly 2-0 television were Canadian hockey fans, as they Canadian audience, were not restricted to their own lead, t he to respond NHL team loyalties. It mattered not Soviets overto disillu- whether they were fans of the Leafs, whelmed and sioned fans’ Canadiens, or Canucks – everyone stunned the booing the supported Team Canada. It was a Canadians Canadians. unifying force not only against the 7-3. Fo r The next West’s most feared enemy at the time, Canadian fans, it was a national crisis four games were held in Moscow but also for their love of the game. and a shock to the system. and Canada lost 5-4 in Game 5 While international hockey

existed before 1972, the events of that year helped it become elite and popular. Two years later, a team of Canadian players from the World Hockey Association played the Soviets (in eight games, Canada won once). Two years after that, the first Canada Cup was held and it became the most prestigious international hockey tournament until NHLers were permitted to compete in the Olympic Games in 1998. Canada had been beaten before in international play, but not with its best players. In 1972, Canada faced the reality that its birthright to the sport did not mean that it was superior to all other nations. For the first time, it had to prove itself as the best hockey country in the world. Forty years ago, Canadians were rewarded with a successful come-from-behind defense of that right and the start of its greatest rivalry, which still persists today. illustration by mathieu boulet

26 September 2012  
26 September 2012