THE OFFICIAL UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA STUDENTS’ NEWSPAPER
Protesters pipe up Dissent over North Dakota oil pipeline sparks discussion Page 8
Rise of the superbug It's not science fiction Page 12
Health & Dental dilemma Increased claims leads to decreased coverage Page 4
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VOL. 103 NO. 5 September 14, 2016
Editor-in-Chief Craig Adolphe
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Ahmed Salem Chantelle Dubois Emelia Fournier Kellen Taniguchi
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What to watch for in the World Cup of Hockey
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No second chances
News Editors: Garett Williams & Levi Garber Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org / 474.6770
New academic policy cracks down on students repeating courses Levi Garber, staff
he University of Manitoba has introduced a policy to tackle students repeating faculty-required courses with the aim of achieving a higher grade. Under the new policy, approved by the senate at its June 22 meeting, students looking to repeat a course will be subject to a limited access period of three consecutive terms during which priority will be given to first-time registrants. The new rules will affect both students who have completed and received a letter grade in a course and those who voluntarily withdraw (VW) at any time during the semester after the registration revision period ends on Sept 21. U of M vice provost of integrated planning and academic programs David Collins began the administration’s push to have these changes implemented last February. According to the administration, the U of M has averaged 17,445 VWs per year over the last six years. During the same period, 14,188 students repeated courses.
“Limited access is intended to give priority to students taking a course for the first time, so that new students can begin progress toward their educational goals” – Neil Marnoch, University of Manitoba registrar Neil Marnoch, the U of M’s registrar, told the Manitoban, “The high number of students repeating courses often meant that students trying to take the course for the first time could not get space.” “Limited access is intended to give priority to students taking a course for the first time, so that new students can begin progress toward their educational goals.”
When the Manitoban reported on efforts to amend the VW policy last year, pushback from the University of Manitoba Students’ Union (UMSU) successfully sent the repeated course policy back to the administration offices for review with student consultation. Student senators, led by Arts Student Body Council (ASBC) senator Allison Kilgour, recommended a number of changes to the proposed policy. These included giving the limited access clause a one-year limit and allowing students to retake a course
one time prior to being subject to the limited access clause. The first proposal was included in the approved policy, but Collins, who cited limitations to the university’s current Aurora or Banner technology, rejected the second proposal.
“As much as we would like to think that students keep up with academic policies at university, they do not” – Dara Hallock, UMSU vice president advocacy Kilgour said she believed the repeated course policy would not return to the senate for a vote until this year and didn't expect it to be implemented until the 2017/18 academic year. The changes are now in effect, but are not retroactive. Students who VW a course this fall or winter will be subject to the limited access clause starting fall 2017.
Since the policy passed in June, the administration’s attempts to notify incoming and returning students of the changes have caused frustration amongst both students and faculty. On Sept. 1 – more than two months after the senate meeting in which the policy was passed – the registrar’s office circulated an email to all students, directing them to a website that they set up to outline the changes. Current UMSU vice president advocacy Dara Hallock said she is not convinced the administration has done enough. “As much as we would like to think that students keep up with academic policies at university, they do not,” she said. “So, UMSU’s position is going to be to get the word out there.” Hallock said the responsibility to inform students of the changes is shared by UMSU, the university and faculty councils. At this time, UMSU has yet to include any details about the new policy in any emails sent to students.
Other academic changes
Senators also passed an authorized withdrawal policy, voluntary withdrawal policy, and grade point averages policy at its June 22 meeting. The authorized and voluntary withdrawal policies were proposed to separate the two from each other. Previously, the U of M’s voluntary withdrawal policy included regulations for students who wished to receive what is known as an authorized withdrawal. Authorized withdrawals are
photo by miguel yetman
approved course withdrawals on account of physical or mental health reasons and do not subject students to the repeated course policy. The new grade point averages policy includes all courses students take into their cumulative grade point average (CGPA).
Previously, if a student received an undesired grade in a course and then retook said course, the only grade reflected in their CGPA was from the second completion of the course. Now, both grades will be calculated into students’ CGPAs. However, like the repeated course policy, this
change is not retroactive. Information on all changes to the University of Manitoba’s academic policies are outlined on the U of M registrar’s office’s website.
News Editors: Garett Williams & Levi Garber Contact: email@example.com / 474.6770
UMSU scales back health plan 58 per cent increase in claims driving program’s costs up Garett Williams, staff
nearly 60 per cent increase in the number claims submitted through the University of Manitoba Students’ Union (UMSU) health and dental plan has lead the union executive to scale back some of the program’s coverage. At its scheduled meeting on June 16, UMSU council heard from the plan’s administrators that a 58 per cent increase in the number of claims processed over the last three years has left the plan unsustainable. The administrators warned the council that premiums would either have to rise or coverage would have to be pared back. Rather than increase the cost to students, the UMSU executive accepted a recommendation to reduce some of the plan’s dental preventative coverage and adopt the Manitoba Pharmacare Formulary, which is the same system used by other student associations in Manitoba. The changes will also see counseling coverage increase to $600. Since 2011, the U of M plan has paid out more than $12.7 million in
photo by miguel yetman
claims, including $3.9 million in 201415. Representatives from Studentcare, who have administered the program on behalf of UMSU since 2013, projected more than $4.5 million in claims for the 2015-16 academic year. “We haven’t seen this kind of exponential increase in the usage of a plan in a long time,” said Kristin Foster, a director with Studentcare, in the presentation to council. “[A] 58 per cent increase over three years means that three years ago, less than half of members were using the plan at all, and I don’t see the point in designing the plan and having a student initiated fee that no one is using.” Students are assessed a $292 fee toward the program on their fall tuition payment. However, opt-outs are available to students upon proof they are enrolled in another benefit system. More than 17,000 students are enrolled in the program, which marks an increase of 3,000 individuals over five years, an uptick Foster said is unique to the University of Manitoba. UMSU president Tanjit Nagra
said that by the time discussions around the program’s costs began in May, it was already too late to pass a fee increase through the University of Manitoba board of governors, and the only way to bring the plan into balance when the 2016-17 term began Sept. 1 was to modify the coverage offered. However, she also said that moving forward, the student union is looking at instituting a flex plan that would have two tiers of coverage. This new plan would allow students who wish to pay higher premiums retain more complete coverage. “We did hear a couple concerns about some students that would prefer to pay more rather than have some coverage reduced,” she said. “So that is something we’re looking at and perhaps it will be solved with having the flex plan model because then it is up to students.”
The scale-backs approved by the UMSU executive see the maximum dental coverage capped at $600 and
scaling brought down to 30 minutes from 90, which Foster said puts the U of M plan in line with the majority of Canadian student plans.
“We haven’t seen this kind of exponential increase in the usage of a plan in a long time” – Kristin Foster, Studentcare director Dental preventative services will also roll back to 80 per cent coverage, but that will be offset by a 20 per cent discount offered directly to students by participating dentists within an integrated network. The revised plan will also adopt the Manitoba Pharmacare Formulary, which will cover 100 per cent of the cost of prescription drugs after a $100 deductible is met. Foster noted the drug portion
of the plan has not been amended since the early 1990s, but the overall changes will keep the program balanced while the union and the plan’s administrators explore a flex plan. “We looked at what are the benefit changes that make the most sense – or sometimes I say the least-worst,” said Foster. “How do we achieve the kind of change to keep the costs down without cutting the things that students really need?”
Foster said that plans are in the works to survey UMSU membership regarding the two-tiered benefit plan. “What do you do when you can’t make everybody happy with the same idea of planned benefits? You introduce a different level of benefits for those students who do have health concerns or want to take advantage of a plan that covers more.” Foster said similar plans have been set up through ten university student associations but the U of M would be one of only two in western Canada.
VOL. 103 NO. 5 September 14, 2016
Tuition fees continue to rise nationally Statistics Canada releases data on tuition increases Levi Garber, staff
uition fees across the country are on the rise again, according to Statistics Canada. In a public release posted to their website on Sept. 7, the government data collection agency said that full-time undergraduate students in Canada will pay an average of $6,373 in the 2016/17 academic year. That is 2.8 per cent higher than the 2015/16 average. Students in Ontario will continue to pay the highest fees in the country, averaging $8,114, while Newfoundland and Labrador students pay the lowest, averaging $2,759. This year, the average undergrad tuition for Manitoban students rose by 1.1 per cent from $4,013 last year to $4,058 this year. A 5.6 per cent fee jump in Nova Scotia is mostly responsible for the 2.8 per cent increase, bringing the average tuition in that province from $6,834 last year to $7,218 this year. In 2015, the Nova Scotia government lifted a three per cent tuition cap in the province, prompting the increase.
The Canadian Federation of Students (CFS) blames the federal government for allowing tuition rates to rise.
In a release circulated on the same chairperson Michael Barkman is day that Statistics Canada published equally concerned about the increases. its tuition data, CFS national chair“What we’ve seen across the counperson and former University of try is that the trend is still that tuition Manitoba Students’ Union (UMSU) fees are increasing higher than the president Bilan Arte said, “Rising rate of inflation,” said Barkman. tuition fees are the direct result of the “There are a lot of people who can’t federal government delaying invest- even afford tuition, even in Manitoba ments in our future.” where it’s cheaper.” “What we really want to see in Manitoba is tuition kept to these “Rising tuition fees affordable rates and then lowered.” On Nov. 2, CFS will host its are the direct result annual Day of Action to protest the of the federal trend of tuition increases across the government delaying country. Events across the province and in Winnipeg have yet to be investments in our announced.
future” – Bilan Arte, national chairperson, Canadian Federation of Students
“Education is a right, and it is unjust that any student is denied access to public education because of a financial barrier.” In Manitoba, although the rate increase is less than half of the national average, CFS-Manitoba
Increases across the board
Across the country, increased tuition rates affected all undergraduate programs with the exception of pharmacy, which saw an average 18.4 per cent decrease in tuition. The programs that saw the highest increases were law, engineering, and dentistry, The average cost of tuition for graduwhich all saw a tuition jump of 4.2 ate students this year will be $6,703, per cent. a 2.5 per cent increase from last year. Graduate tuition fees also In Manitoba, graduate tuition increased nationally for the 2016/17 increased by 1.2 per cent, 0.1 per cent academic year, although not by as higher than that of undergraduate much as undergraduate programs. programs.
infographic obtained from Statcan
Tuition fees for international undergraduate students across the country also rose this year, but not at the same rate as in 2015/16. International students can expect to pay 5.6 per cent more this year, making their average tuition $23,589.
News Editors: Garett Williams & Levi Garber Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org / 474.6770
U of T student detained in Dhaka Friends continue to fight for Tahmid Hasib Khan’s release Rupinder Liddar, The Varsity
ORONTO — Two months “The situation has been incredafter a deadly siege occured in ibly tough to handle,” said Joshua Bangladesh, friends and family of U Grondin, a third year who calls Khan of T student Tahmid Hasib Khan one of his best friends. “Knowing him continue to await his release from personally and closely, I can be 100 Bangladeshi authorities. per cent confident in his innocence, On July 1, five militants entered and I will do absolutely everything in the Holey Artisan Bakery in Dhaka, my power to make the world know the capital of Bangladesh. During the it as well.” Rusaro Nyinawumwami, another attack, 20 hostages were killed. Khan was among thirteen individuals who friend of Tahmid, said that she “was survived the attack. Since July, Khan devastated at the news of his detainhas been held without charges by the ment,” but she has come “to accept Bangladesh police with little com- the necessary legal processes adopted munication to his friends and family. by Bangladesh, in order to ensure the Khan had finished his fourth country’s safety.” year at U of T, completing a major Since the attack, Khan’s story has in Global Health and two minors in gained significant global attention. Anthropology and Statistics. During Grondin, also an administrator for a his time at U of T, Khan was involved Facebook page called ‘Free Tahmid,’ in Model United Nations and served states that the page’s purpose is “to as a director for the Bangladeshi raise awareness of the situation and Students’ Association. At the time create a support group for people of the deadly attack, Tahmid was en most impacted by the situation.” Over route to Nepal for an internship with the past two months, there has been UNICEF, when he stopped in Dhaka an overwhelming response on the to visit friends and family. ‘Free Tahmid’ Facebook page and
Nyinawumwami is optimistic that innocence.” the “garnered support [can] assist in Some hostages anonymously ensuring his safe return.” recounted what they witnessed the The attention has not been all posi- night of the attack. According to tive. Weeks after the attack, a video Guernica, an American magazine, was released showing Khan holding one “hostage confirmed previous a gun alongside an alleged attacker, reports that the gunmen had forced prompting a wave of people to accuse Khan to hold an unloaded gun during Khan of being a terrorist on social the night... the purpose [appeared] to media. have been to use Khan as a human “Our main objective has been to shield.” share articles that have been released One witness claimed that since the event occurred.” Grondin “Tahmid was crying when the gunexplained, “We found that many of men asked him to carry a gun.” The these people sharing negative opin- New York Times has also reported ions were simply unaware of particu- similar remarks from other witnesses. lar, important aspects of the case.” In the continuous attempt to prove Such sentiments were echoed by Khan’s innocence, Khan’s supporters Nyinawumwami, who said, “We sent still photos of him holding the have countered the hateful comments gun to body language expert India with facts and character statements Ford. During Ford’s analysis, she about Tahmid. We do not necessar- concluded, “It is very clear from the ily want to ‘feed the troll,’ however still photographs that Tahmid’s body we do our best to educate others by language can’t be matched with that providing links to pertinent articles of the attacker... The body does not lie. further explaining his unfortunate In my opinion, Tahmid is an innocent circumstance and advocating for his victim of a dangerous incident... His
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only crime was to be at the wrong place at the wrong time.” Grondin stated that he believes they “have been so successful in advocating on his behalf because he had such a profound impact on so many people” and calls Khan “by far one of the most caring people you could ever meet.” “He is a part of our U of T community,” said Nyinawumwami. “He is truly one of our own.” “Tahmid, we’re keeping you in our thoughts and fighting for your safe return,” she added. – New University Wire
Editorial Editor-In-Chief: Craig Adolphe Contact: Editor@themanitoban.com / 474.6770
Stop saying ‘bottoms up’ to oil If we want it in the ground, we have to keep it there ourselves Shawn Garbutt, staff
eaceful protest took a violent turn in North Dakota when activists leapt across fences at a site of pipeline construction and were met by police dogs and pepper spray. Meanwhile, protests in Montreal have disrupted meetings held by Canada’s National Energy Board (NEB) that were convened to discuss the prospects of Transcanada’s Energy East project, a pipeline that would carry a little over one million barrels of crude oil daily from extractors in Alberta and Saskatchewan to refineries in Eastern Canada. The pipeline’s projected path through Manitoba has also triggered outcry in Winnipeg as activists ceased the flow of traffic on major intersection Portage and Main during a recent demonstration. Blueprints have mapped out Energy East’s path as crossing southern Manitoba in the Shoal Lake region, the source of drinking water for the entire city of Winnipeg and other nearby communities. This has drawn the ire of many First Nations groups who have been mobilizing since the pipeline’s conception in an attempt to halt those who would see it come to life. What happens now? Environmentalists have seen Energy East wracked with delays, where come December it will have spent a total of 27 months under review. Additionally, all three members of a review panel put in place by the NEB to oversee Energy East regulations have stepped down after two of the members were exposed as having privately met with TransCanada last year to discuss the pipeline. Another victory was the dismissal of the Northern Gateway pipeline, buried in bureaucracy by both the federal and British Columbia governments, who imposed hundreds of stipulations on the project. Yet pipeline activity has not come
to a halt, and the encouraging rheto- of climate change are more damning ric backing it continues to move full than ever. steam ahead. City of Winnipeg mayor Brian Bowman exemplified The impact this when he appeared on CBC Governments across the globe Information Radio and replied to were told they would regret it if the concerns about Energy East com- 90s-born Kyoto Protocol was not promising the integrity of Winnipeg’s adopted and strictly adhered to. Well, drinking water with, “We want this it’s 2016, and the Kyoto Protocol was discussion to be focused on science anything but adhered to, especially and fact, not ideology.” where it mattered most. Countries “The reality is oil and gas will need ranked as the top 11 greenhouse gas to be transported in Canada. It’s not emitters in 2011 produced a little a question of if it will be transported, under 70 per cent of the global total, but a question of how." with China and the USA making up a little over 30 per cent of that on their own. I think you’d be more One study by likely to find the signed documents in a landfill somewhere than exista retired NASA ing as actual government policy in scientist says those states with the largest carbon footprints. superstorms of It’s now been a little over a decade the future will be since the Kyoto Protocol’s institutionGlobal coastlines are more capable of producing alization. threatened than ever by a melting wind speeds Arctic and rising sea levels, threatening to displace millions who live powerful enough to in coastal cities. Developing countries are trapped in simple yet danfling boulders into gerously unstable economies due to the air – rocks big their largely agricultural base, the sector that has taken the most hits as enough to fit neatly global temperatures continue to flucthrough the gaping tuate wildly and compromise farming communities. holes in Canada’s If massive migratory disruptions and precarious labour situations climate action plan don’t faze you, then take a moment to collect yourself before reading Elaborating, Bowman said he was this one. The Arabica bean itself is simply concerned with transporting being pushed to the brink by climate oil in the most “efficient” and envi- change. That’s right, latte aficionados ronmental way possible. and double-double enthusiasts: your The fact of the matter is that the ambrosia is teetering on the abyss. development of oil resources exacer- Coffee may near extinction by 2080 bates climate change. Bowman’s oil under current climate projections. mongering, then, is the real ideology One study by a retired NASA sciat play here. Unfortunately for him, entist says superstorms of the future contemporary studies on the effects will be capable of producing wind
minister Jim Carr has expressed reluctance on doing exactly that in light of low commodity prices. Meanwhile, the International Institute for Sustainable Studies has released a report that shows wealthy Canadian oil companies have been on the receiving end of $3.3 billion in government subsidies annually. The federal government must move swiftly against those actors in the oil industry, but a simple phase out of subsidies for dirty energy companies is not enough. We should then redirect those resources to finance the aggressive development of the holy trinity of green technology: hydroelectricity, wind, and solar. Instead, however, the federal government’s plans are best exemplified by its meek admission in February of this year that it is unlikely to have achieved reduced greenhouse gas emissions come 2020 compared to 2005 levels. The goal was a reduction of 17 per cent; instead, Canada is projected to increase emissions by two per cent. It is further projected graphic by kelly campbell that come 2030, the promise to reduce emissions by 30 per cent will be brospeeds powerful enough to fling boul- ken as rates of emission on its current ders into the air – rocks big enough to trajectory look to actually increase by fit neatly through the gaping holes in nearly 17 per cent. Canada’s climate action plan, which Ultimately, it is clear we cannot effectively absolves the federal gov- rely on our leaders, Conservative or ernment of any responsibility through Liberal, to champion the front when delegating the issue of climate change it comes to fighting climate change. to individual provinces. When looking to the left, there are few political allies to be found. The NDP, a party whose only provincial government, headed by Rachel We cannot continue Notley has come out as a staunch supporter for pipelines and the expansion to shrug off our of the Albertan tar sands. The Notley obligations to this government’s magnum opus in its climate policy is the implementation planet and the of an economy-wide carbon tax. Yet if people who live off Alberta was serious about mitigating effects of climate change, governit onto the shoulders the ment policy would more aggressively of First Nations tribes target corporate emissions specifically.
and environmentally minded political activists
Canada's climate action plan - or lack thereof
Were it serious, the federal government would be implementing more rigid accountability structures to hold both itself and provincial governments responsible when it comes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and transitioning to a green economy. The federal government is looking at some positive initiatives, including a national carbon tax and the creation of a $2 billion trust fund with the aim of financing low-carbon projects. Not to mention, the crown jewel of the new governments green policies: a phase out of subsidies for the fossil fuel industry. Unfortunately, we must ask ourselves about the likelihood of the government actually moving forward with this when natural resources
The way forward must be through grassroots organizing. It is high time that our communities form a united front to show the powers that be, both political and corporate, that action on climate change is no longer a promise we will tolerate on the backburner. We cannot continue to shrug off our obligations to this planet and the people who live off it onto the shoulders of First Nations tribes and environmentally minded political activists. Nor can we rely on Elizabeth May to keep the House of Commons’ conscience tinged green. Starting now, the campaign for climate justice must be supported locally. On campus, we must continue the push for sustainability and boldly march forth with oil divestment. Although reminding everyone of the dangers of climate change may seem like beating a dead horse with a stick, it is necessary – frankly, we’ll be the dead horse and climate change the stick unless we wake up and smell the coffee.
A perilous drop
Comment Comment Editor: Shawn Garbutt Contact: email@example.com / 474.6529
Bridging the gap between high school and university is necessary for educational progress Ahmed Salem, the varsity
graphic by diana pham
ORONTO — Scrolling through cost less to employ. However, moral my Facebook feed at this time of outrage eventually led to the implethe year always floods me with a rush mentation of public education. Its of nostalgia. However, seeing happy primary purpose was not necessarily high school seniors posing in their to breed intellectuals, but instead to prom pictures or preparing for their produce a new generation of better final exams prompts me to ask myself: workers. are these kids ready for university? Education developed further over The answer, as university students the subsequent years, along with the know, depends on a number of factors. creation of the multiple-choice test. For some, transitioning to university The impact of this invention from high school can be the same as is huge, because the mainstream transitioning from the minor leagues school system now often aims away to the majors. While some students from teaching the subject matter and are better prepared than others, the toward being able to pass standard“first year dip” – an academic hit new ized tests. Arguably, much of high students often undergo due to the school is all standardized testing with increased difficulty and volume of emphasis on rote memorization. material – is common during the first Schools often teach strategies to year of undergraduate studies. do well on these specific evaluations, It is worth examining why high regardless of whether such methods school doesn’t sufficiently prepare account for mastering the subject students to take on academic chal- matter or honing the ability to convey lenges following graduation. information in concise terms. The roots of this problem can be The inevitable result of such a found in the history of public school- system is the redundant question ing in North America and Europe. asked in high schools around the During the Industrial Age more than world: “Will we be tested on this?” 150 years ago, child labour was com- This explains why a huge academic mon as kids were beginning to replace drop occurs when students graduate adults in the job markets. As employ- high school and are finally faced with ees, children offered efficiency and questions that require deep critical
thinking and logical reasoning. Additionally, psychological reasons also play a major role in the first-year dip. High schools, by nature, provide a very co-dependent environment, where students are constantly reminded of deadlines. The faculty knows their students and families by name; teachers have enough time and resources to tailor their teaching style to the needs of their students. This is a marked contrast to many post-secondary educational settings where mammoth-sized classes are large enough to destroy any sense of security or belonging. Bigger classes in university unfortunately often result in little to no interaction with instructors or among peers. Undoubtedly, this combined with the increased difficulty of academic materials creates a lot of unforeseen psychological stress. Professional, financial, and interpersonal responsibilities in university also seem to hit all at once without warning, which causes academic performance to falter. Seeing as how these difficulties are not uncommon, it is questionable why these issues and strategies to deal with them are not adequately addressed in high school.
Artificial intelligence will eventually replace many existing jobs, so memorizing information and filling in Scantron sheets is becoming the most inefficient way to spend one’s high school career Problems with the education system have been discussed and approached in different ways throughout the years. Many proposed solutions, however, represent changes to techniques and methods, not to the fundamentals. The system may have served well so far, but effective changes must be made soon. The rise of technological advances means that the world is changing at an exponential rate, therefore a new learning environment is more timely than ever.
For instance, artificial intelligence will eventually replace many existing jobs, so memorizing information and filling in Scantron sheets is becoming the most inefficient way to spend one’s high school career. Instead, the aim of education should be to develop a person’s ability to ask provoking questions and think critically. Education should mean cultivating a love of knowledge for its own sake; it should develop morals and ethics that can be applied to solving our world’s greatest challenges. – National University Wire
Science & technology 12 Science & Technology Editor: Malak Abas Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org / 474.6529
U.N. meets over rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria The United Nations General Assembly will meet on Sept. 21 to discuss plan of action Malak Abas, staff
graphic by kelly campbell
n an unusual line of action, the United Nations General Assembly will gather later this month in New York to discuss the recent mass prevalence of drug-resistant bacteria. This phenomenon is also known as antibiotic resistance, or, in some cases, antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This is only the fourth time in history that the U.N. has congregated to discuss a health crisis, but according to experts, the meeting is long overdue. “There has been discussion of AMR in World Health Organization (WHO) since the 1960s, and plans since 2000,” said Dr. Marc Sprenger, director of the WHO’s AMR Secretariat. “But it is now shifting from being a technical problem to a much higher level political issue.” Antibiotic resistance is just a facet of the larger issue known as antimicrobial resistance. While antibiotic resistance refers specifically to bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, AMR refers to other microbes that are becoming increasingly resistant to treatment, such as parasites and fungi.
What causes antibiotic resistance?
organisms can replicate themselves with errors that make them resistant to treatment, or resistant traits can be exchanged amongst themselves.
Antibiotic resistance was the cause of 700,000 deaths worldwide within the last year The other cause of antibiotic resistance, however, is human error. Some resistance can be traced back to unsanitary medical conditions. The most pressing problem, however, is the misuse of our current antibiotics. While two-thirds of our antibiotics are actually used on livestock, either to help them with size or survival, bacteria within the animals can become more resistant to antibiotics, and can then reach humans, who are unequipped to fight them. Humans can create this resistance amongst themselves as well, through the overuse of antibiotics.
Antibiotic resistance is generally A growing problem what happens when a drug that was Antibiotic resistance has been a once able to treat an infection is no concern for some time now, with longer effective. This is in part caused instances of resistance appearing as naturally, as it becomes a side effect early as 1940. More recently, however, of the evolution of the micro-organ- research shows just how urgent our ism causing the infection. Micro- current situation is.
Antibiotic resistance was the resistance, the WHO has proposed How you can decrease cause of 700,000 deaths worldwide what they are calling a “global plan your risk of infection within the last year. A video recently to combat antimicrobial resistance,” This U.N. meeting will hopefully released by Harvard Medical School which they submitted to the 68th begin a level of discourse needed to and the Technion-Israel Institute of World Health Assembly in May of finally take global action against antiTechnology shows bacteria in a petri 2015. The plan has key points that biotic and antimicrobial resistance. dish evolving to resist antibiotics revolve around improving awareness “The previous discussions have in only 12 days. Within the last six of the issue in both policymakers and been held at the level of ministers of years, scientists have found increases the general population, increasing health and agriculture,” Keiji Fukuda, in resistance to drugs used to treat research, promoting appropriate lev- special representative for antimicroHIV and tuberculosis. If immediate els of prescribed antibiotics by health bial resistance in the office of the action is not taken, gonorrhea, which professionals to both humans and WHO director-general, told the is currently treatable, may become animals, and to increase funding used Scientific American. “But this meeting incurable as it slowly becomes more to create new drugs, vaccines, and will take this up to the level of prime resistant to our current treatments, other treatments. ministers and presidents.” Promoting appropriate antibiotic and there are no new treatment plans While only time will tell whether in development. prescriptions is especially important, this meeting will result in increased Drug-resistant bacteria results as the overuse of a once-crucial anti- funding and research, it is obvious in patients staying sicker for longer biotic can have terrible consequences. that the clock is ticking. If immediate periods of time, resulting in longer A recent example of this can be found action is not taken, some researchers hospital stays, which in turn increases in a drug called colistin, which was speculate that the death toll could the chance of a worse prognosis or originally used to treat livestock reach 300 million by 2050. death. This also increases the risk and was considered to be too toxic There are things people can do of the infection spreading to other for human usage. It is now used as every day to help slow the growpeople. Surgeries that are considered a last-resort treatment for humans ing resistance of some bacteria. For “risky” by today’s standards may be with multidrug-resistant bacterial example, hand washing is a quick near-impossible in the future, as sur- infections, but even that, according and simple way to help stop bacteria geries run the risk of infection, and to researchers, may not last long. from spreading. Staying home from it may be infections that we are no Now, due to the overuse of poly- work or school when you are sick is longer able to effectively treat. myxins – a type of antibiotics that also important. When you do get sick, This new, longer span of treat- includes colistin – there have been take only the amount of antibiotics ment (and sometimes complete lack cases of bacteria containing a gene prescribed to you – not more or less, of treatment) will alter our approach that makes it highly resistant to anti- and definitely not antibiotics that to illness prevention and treatment biotics in humans and pigs in China. were not prescribed to you for that immensely. Conditions that were Scientists are recommending tighter specific illness. Never share antibionce considered mainly inconvenient restrictions on polymyxins, which are otics or take antibiotics from a past or easily treatable by most people may still used for livestock, and ceasing illness. become serious, life-threatening use of polymyxins entirely in nonillnesses. crucial scenarios. To fight back against antibiotic
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Science & Technology 13
Lumosity continuing operations after thousands of refund requests Malak Abas, staff
he U.S. Federal Trade larity insinuates that it has become Commission has begun handing popular to look at serious illnesses out rebates after its recent legal battle such as dementia or Alzheimer’s the with Lumosity, the “brain training” same way we view physical fitness – as game that claimed it could “train core something we can stave off if we just cognitive abilities.” “tighten” our brain muscles. Lumosity is keen on using this The last time the Manitoban covered Lumosity’s struggles with the language too – one ad even called U.S. Federal Trade Commission Lumosity “a fun workout” and “like was earlier this year, when Lumos a personal trainer for you brain.” The Labs, the company behind Lumosity, unfortunate truth is that there is no was forced to pay US$2 million after real research to back up these claims. claims that Lumosity’s “brain train- Most of the neuroscience research ing” games were actually effective that companies like Lumos Labs were called unsubstantiated. advertise was done on rodents and At that time, Lumosity ads were substantial evidence that better scores still a relatively common commer- in brain training games translates to cial break. More recently, however, better cognitive function in day-toLumos Labs has cut its advertising day life has yet to be found. budget immensely, spending just over There has been research, however, US$500,000 for television ads this that shows encouraging evidence that year, compared to US$11.8 million playing games improves cognition, just last year. but this is not specific to games like The 13,000 requests for refunds Lumosity. This can include things received by the FTC, which will be such as card or board games, and the paid for by Lumosity’s $2 million research behind this points more to settlement, are just part of a larger the positive effects of socialization monolith of brain games. Their popu- more than they do brain training –
something Lumosity, a usually solitary activity, leaves behind.
Lumosity is keen on using this language too – one ad even called Lumosity “a fun workout” and “like a personal trainer for your brain ” So one might ask what the harm is in brain training games, and that more or less lies in the ethics of promoting brain training. It’s important to note that Lumosity did not just claim to improve memory function, but also claimed to help improve cognitive function in people with severe medical conditions. Lumosity claimed that their games could even improve the effects of combat veterans suffering from the effects of
graphic by kelly campbell
PTSD. There is real harm in providing false hope in such serious cases, especially when that hope comes at a price – note that Lumosity had a net worth of $23.6 million as of 2013. Lumos Labs continues to stand behind their work. Amidst rapid account terminations – while Lumosity could reach as many as 2 million iPhone downloads a month in 2013, there were apparently only 400,000 downloads across
both Android and iPhone devices last month – they recently hired a new vice president of engineering, Christian Wilson, and are moving forward. “With his track record of engineering leadership in both games and mobile, Christian will be instrumental in helping optimize and scale our technology to support our continued growth,” Steve Berkowitz, the CEO of Lumosity, said.
Diversions Graphics Editor: Kelly Campbell Contact: email@example.com / 474.6775
comic by holly enns
Arts & Culture Arts & Culture Editor: Tobi Nifesi Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org / 474.6529
FemFest celebrates 13 years of giving voice to women Sarasvati Productions commemorates women in theatre with 10-day festival Tobi Nifesi, staff
here’s an ongoing outcry and it isn't loud enough yet, one that calls our attention to disparity between women and men in our society. To address the disparity of women in theatre, Winnipeg’s transformative theatre company Sarasvati Productions is organizing a festival in honour of all women making strides in theatre. The festival, which is called FemFest, is a 10-day event that will run from Sept. 17 to 24. This year’s edition will feature touring acts, including performances from Vancouver’s Miss Understood, Mouthpiece from Quote Unquote Collective, Clown phenoms Morro and Jasp, a cabaret, and a worldwide premiere of the FemFest play: The Seduction Theory. The artistic director at Sarasvati Productions, Hope McIntyre, spoke with the Manitoban about the upcoming festival and what it stands for. “The FemFest is a celebration of women in theatre. It is a festival by women for everybody,” McIntyre told
– is special as it features a prominthe Manitoban. “The vision behind it is to show- ent transgender artist: Vancouver’s case female artists. Only about 30 spoken word artist Antonette Rea per cent of Canadian plays are writ- (Miss Understood). McIntyre is ten by women excited that the festival and that is an “The FemFest is has expanded area that we its line up to be can improve a celebration of on as an indusmore inclusive women in theatre. try. The fact of all women. that a play is She believes It is a festival by a woman this will conby women for tinue to be a doesn't mean it cannot be open key feature everybody” – Hope minded, funny, of upcoming McIntyre, artistic festivals. and thought provoking.” She invites PHOTO PROVIDED BY HOPE MCINTYRE director at Sarasvati student artists The festival, which has to come out a University of Manitoba bachelors of Productions been running for the festival music undergraduate starring in the FemFest will run from Sept. 17-24. to celebrate festival’s feature play, The Seduction All events will be held at the Asper since 2003, has seen a lot of female theatre artists women in theatre and in all walks Theory, as one of the actors to look Centre for Theatre and Film (University out for at the event. of Winnipeg, 400 Colony Street). For from Winnipeg, Canada, and world- of life. wide showcase their talents, develop “This isn't just about theatre. There “The festival is going to be a good more information, visit sarasvati.ca/ many plays, and helped other artists is a message in this for women every- time, a time to celebrate women in femfest develop their skills. where. We can stand together, have a theatre. Several talents will be showFor McIntyre, this year’s edition – voice, and be celebrated.” cased so you can be sure you’ll be well She cites Hannah Wigglesworth, entertained,” said Dawson. tagged FemFest 2016: Transformation
New exhibit Rooted in local talent Woodland Gallery’s new initiative creates gallery exposure opportunities for local artists Tobi Nifesi, staff
innipeg’s arts community brims with talent and potential that could make this place a hotspot. To get there, these talents need to be honed, potentials maximized, and more opportunities provided for upcoming artists to showcase themselves. There is a demand for more works from local artists in our galleries, and Woodland Gallery is heeding that call by launching a new initiative geared towards showcasing local talents. The initiative, called the Supplementary Artists Program (SAP), features contemporary emerging artists from Manitoba, displaying some of their finest works. The first exhibition of the program is called Rooted and will be on display
from Sept. 16 to Oct. 15. Rooted will Dawson said. “As a contemporary Genevieve and Tracey, draw they’ve seen. feature two emerging local artists: arts gallery, we are always looking for inspiration from their surrounding Despite Rooted being the inaugGenevieve Levasseur, a bachelors of new ways to support local talents and environment and that’s exactly what ural SAP exhibition, Dawson spoke fine arts (Hons) graduate from the this initiative is one way to do that.” this exhibition is about,” Dawson of the gallery’s interest in working University said. “To be with more emerging artists – espeof Manitoba, rooted is to cially students – seeking gallery “As a contemporary arts gallery, we are always and Tracey be grounded exposure. Kucheravy, in o n e ’s “I think this initiative will be looking for new ways to support local talents a self-taught environment, beneficial to the student artist who and this initiative is one way to do that” – Elise artist and hence the is trying to get a foot in. I’d encourage apprentice name Rooted.” them to come see the exhibition and Dawson, gallerist at Woodland Gallery of Gordon The two talk to us about possible involvements Harrison. artists will be in future editions.” Elise Dawson, the gallerist at In addition to showcasing local present at the opening of the exhibRooted will be on display at Woodland Gallery, spoke to the artists, this inaugural exhibition of ition on Friday to showcase their Woodland Gallery (535 Academy Road) Manitoban about her excitement for the supplemental artist program paintings, which range from views from Sept. 16 to Oct. 15. For more the new initiative and the artists celebrates the artists’ environment of Shoal Lake to beautiful Parisian information, visit woodlandsgallery. involved. and the influence it has had on their landscapes. Their paintings are a com. SAP exhibitions will be held on “SAP builds on the Woodland’s artwork. reflection of their appreciation for a biannual basis with the next edition mandate to support Canadian artists,” "The two featured artists, the places they’ve been to and sights coming up next spring.
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Arts & Culture Editor: Tobi Nifesi Contact: email@example.com / 474.6529
Rock hard truth Local band tackles feminist issues Emelia Fournier
album art provided by solhounds
becomes synonymous with hard rock, countering the mainstream exclusion of women from the genre. Rollers is fully supported by the male members of the group. The band writes their music together, and helps each other develop their ideas. Morgan Davis (bass), Ian Clements (drums), and Andrew Bontey (guitar) note that men in the industry are still reluctant to work with women, and often look down on them. They believe it is high time women are recognized for their talent, and Rollers’ presence makes their sound and attitude more punk than ever. Clements says that Rollers’ addition to the band has allowed them to become the version of Solhounds he had always envisioned. When his brother was the lead guitarist and singer, they were more experimental with genres, or as he calls it, “genre-skipping.” Now, he says, there is more unity in their sound. Instead of alternating between different genres as they did on the digital album released in 2014, they use elements from different genres and their own flair to create their own blend of sound. Solhounds is currently focused on their many upcoming tour dates and writing as much music as they can, as well as getting tighter as a band. Elise Rollers joined the band less than a year ago, but despite this, Solhounds deliver live performances like they have been playing together for a decade. Ultimately, challenging social norms and ideas are what punk and hard rock music are all about. Solhounds does this both musically and lyrically. The band pulls influences from different genres and creates their own sound. They are also overtly feminist, and Rollers’s unapologetic femininity is rebellion in and of itself.
s Winnipeg brims with new, It’s not just their grooving riffs upcoming bands and musical or thumping beats that make their talent, Solhounds has managed to music so infectious. Solhounds are stand out with their own unique also a refreshingly feminist and brand of hard rock. Just last year truly punk group. Rock and roll is their previous frontman and lead notoriously misogynistic, and even guitarist quit the band, and was today women are largely ignored in replaced by Elise Rollers. This the genre. Elise Rollers is a highchange didn't slow them down but energy, intense punk performer. Yet allowed them to hone their sound – despite her talent, she is frequently they describe themselves as “desert underestimated. doom rock” on their Facebook page. “You hear people whisper. For those unfamiliar with the Sometimes when you’re watchgenre, desert rock emerged from ing a band set up and there’s a girl Palm Desert, California in the 90s in it, and people only comment with bands that merged features of about how she looks or they say blues, pschedelic rock, heavy metal, the band’s gonna be shitty [...] that and even punk - the most famous- really makes me want to prove them contributor to the scene being wrong,” says Rollers. Kyuss, the original high school Many of Solhounds’ lyrics are band of Queens of the Stone Age based on feminist issues. frontman Josh Homme. Basically, “Every time I get up there I’m it’s stoner rock. But stoner rock you basically fighting for my females. can head bang and dance wildly to. I’m gonna show the guys out there You can catch Solhounds perform“It’s in your face, attitude rock,” what we’re capable of, and I know says drummer Ian Clements, every woman is capable of this,” she ing at Le Garage on Oct. 1, at the describing Solhounds’ sound. said. Pyramid Cabaret Oct. 31, and at the Through their work, feminism Park Theatre Nov. 23.
’Toban turntable Want us to review your band? Email arts@ themanitoban.com today! Tobi Nifesi, staff
Ultimate Painting Dusk 3.5/5
cies and leanings. There is a clear congruence in the album’s musical arrangements with subtle but perfect-sounding ike many alternative rock bands, ad-libs and piano additions that Ultimate Painting’s sound rides complete tracks like Monday on the waves of gloom and doom. Morning and Somewhere Central. Their music seems to remind one Each track opens up naturally to of an impending danger – not to reveal the album’s rhythmic elastiwarn you, but to prepare you. This city – which is particularly evident is the predominant theme of the in I Can't Run. This elasticity is fourth track, Lead the Way, on their graced with lyrics that describe moods, emotions, and tensions upcoming album, Dusk. However sundry and lifeless that could be experienced at dusk the music might sound, it seems and moments of ennui. The masterintentional. In fact, everything ful production on the album does about Dusk seems intentional. The well to pronounce its themes and first single, Bills, builds on the musical accuracies. band’s reputation as purporters of Dusk is the band’s third album Television’s – the 1970s pioneers of and may well be the gloomiest alt-rock from New York – legacy. yet. That being said, it is exactly The rest of the albums showcase what Ultimate Painting may have their American guitar pop tenden- intended it to be.
VOL. 103 NO. 5 September 14, 2016
Arts & Culture
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Bison football suffers late game collapse in Regina Bisons unable to hold on to lead, fall to 0-2 on the season Mike Still, volunteer staff
he University of Manitoba Bisons With the Bisons deep in Regina let an 11-point fourth quarter lead territory, Korey Greene stripped the slip away against the Regina Rams, ball from Manitoba running back falling 41-38 on the road Thursday Alex Christie, and the Rams were able to recover. night. Trailing 38-27 with just under five minutes left to play, Rams quarterback Noah Picton engineered Manitoba is two scoring drives of over 80 yards, currently missing six including the game-winning touchdown pass to Ryan Schienbein with offensive starters, just 25 seconds left to play. including receivers The herd looked to have the game all wrapped up after linebacker Kyle Patchell, Devin Houston Rennie recovered a fumble Csincsa, Stephen deep in Regina territory and took it all the way to house with just 4:37 Ugbah, and to go, but the Rams kept on fighting. First, Picton drove 87 yards in Derek Yachison 11 plays, finishing off the series with a one-yard plunge to cut the lead to It was all Picton after that, as the five, and then the hosts got a massive Rams offence went 104 yards in the play from their defense.
final minute, capping the drive with ers Kyle Patchell, Devin Csincsa, a 15-yard Picton toss to Schienbein Stephen Ugbah, and Derek Yachison, to complete the upset over the previ- three of whom were major offseason ously eighth-ranked Bisons. recruits. Also missing on offence Statistically, both quarterbacks were veteran offensive linemen Tom had impressive numbers, coming Clarkson and Jordan Medal. alive in the second half specifiDefensively, Manitoba’s secondary cally. Manitoba pivot Theo Deezar was also depleted heading into the finished 30-of-49 for 457 yards and contest, as cornerbacks Eric Plett and two touchdowns, but also threw two Marcel Arruda-Welch didn’t make interceptions. the trip. graphic by bradly wohlgemuth Picton had a marvelous game, Manitoba’s next two games are going 40-of-60 for 490 yards and four both at home, and will be crititouchdowns, and distributing the ball cal in determining where they fall The Bisons’ next game is at Investors to seven different receivers, five of in the standings towards the end Group Field against the unranked of the year. This week they play Golden Bears at 7:00 p.m. on Friday. whom had at least 60 total yards. Shai Ross was the leading receiver host to the Alberta Golden Bears for the herd, finishing with four and will follow that up with a tilt receptions for 126 yards in what against the Saskatchewan Huskies. has quickly turned into a patch- Alberta and Saskatchewan have both work receiving corps for the Bisons. improved significantly since 2015, Manitoba is currently missing six and both games should be relatively offensive starters, including receiv- competitive.
Sports Editor: Ryan Stelter Contact: email@example.com / 474.6529
Canadian men’s World Cup drought continues Canada unable to overcome 5-goal differential, fail to qualify for the 2018 World Cup in Russia Kellen Taniguchi
his year the Canadian men’s ever participated in the World Cup national team had an opportu- was in 1986 in Mexico, where they nity to break their World Cup dry lost all three of their group matches. spell, but yet again failed to qualify for the 2018 World Cup in Russia. 2018 World Cup qualifiers The last and only time Canada has There was some real belief within
Canada that their team would finally reach the World Cup. In round four of qualification, Canada competed in Group A with Mexico, Honduras, and El Salvador. They lost both of their games to the heavy favourite
graphic by jen goertzen
Mexico by scores of 2-0 and 3-0. this goal in 2022. Canada split their two games with Cyle Larin, the 21-year-old striker, Honduras, winning 1-0 in the first is one of the young players that can game and losing 2-1 in the second. help lead this Canadian team in the The last match they had was against future. He is coming off a rookie El Salvador, who they tied with in record season for Orlando City SC, their first meeting. posting 17 goals throughout the year. Canada defeated El Salvador 3-1, Larin was also the leading scorer for but the Canadian team came into Canada during this group stage, scorthe match needing a Honduran loss ing two of his team’s five goals. to Mexico to erase a five-goal differential between them and Honduras. Coaching change? Although Canada won their game, Coach Benito Floro faced plenty Honduras ended up drawing 0-0 of criticism for how he managed with Mexico, officially eliminating his team throughout the qualifying Canada from any chance of qualify- stages. He was especially criticized for how he managed substitutions ing for the World Cup. Looking back at their group late in their final game to add to their matchups, the 0-0 game they played goal total. Floro has coached the team with El Salvador is one the Canadians for the past three years, and with his would surely like a chance to redo. contract expiring, it is hard to see him Something along the lines of a 3-1 receiving a contract extension. This victory in the previous game would may be the end of the road for Floro have helped the Canadian team, but on the Canadian bench. they cannot dwell on the past. Canadians have reason to be The Canadians will need to hopeful for the future of men’s soccer. learn from this experience and keep With new management and Larin improving for the 2022 World Cup and other talented youth filling the qualifiers. roster, there is no reason to believe that the team cannot keep improvLeading the pack ing. Maybe one day we will see the The leadership on this Canadian red and white on the pitch in 2022 for team stemmed from veterans Julian the World Cup in Qatar. de Guzman, who was unable to participate in the final game, and 33-year-old Atiba Hutchinson. This may have been the last time we see these men wearing red and white on the pitch, as Hutchinson held back tears when asked about representing Canada in the future. Although they were unable to give their nation a team to root for in the World Cup this year, they still have a lot of belief in the up and coming talent within the Canadian system to accomplish
Bison soccer team earns split on the road Ryan Stelter, staff
his past weekend, the University of Manitoba’s women’s soccer team opened up their 2016 regular season with a split. On Friday, the Bisons lost to the Alberta Pandas 2-0, but bounced back to defeat the UNBC Timberwolves 5-0.
In their first game of the year, the Bisons were outplayed by the Alberta Pandas in a 2-0 loss. The Pandas opened up the scoring in the 33rd minute when Brenna Mattiello fired home on a cross from Sydney Daines. Bison keeper Maddie Wilford was peppered with shots in the first half,
which continued throughout the game. Wilford made 11 saves on the evening.
After a disappointing effort on Friday, the Bisons came back in a big way against the University of Northern British Columbia
The second half saw the Pandas press hard for a second goal and they eventually got it in the 88th minute, when Madison Szafranski chipped a rebound over Wilford to put the nail in the coffin of the Bisons. Manitoba had a chance to equalize through Selina Sperenza when she fired a low hard shot in the 80th minute that was easily saved. In the end, the Bisons only managed three shots on target.
After a disappointing effort on Friday, the Bisons came back in a big way against the University of
Northern British Columbia. It took until the 41st minute, but the Bisons opened up the scoring through Sara Schur when she slotted home after a turnover. Two minutes later, Sperenza, who looked dangerous on Friday, doubled the Bisons’ lead before the stroke of halftime. Sperenza picked up where she left off in the second half, netting two more goals in quick succession to earn the hat trick. She hit the back of the net with every shot she took on Sunday and now has a .375 shooting percentage. Alyssa Daley buried any chance of the Timberwolves winning when
in the 74th minute with a shot off the post from a bad angle. Amanda Wong had three assists on the day in a dominant midfield display. Wilford played excellent in between the sticks again, making five saves to get her first clean sheet of the year. The Bisons are now 1-1 and are sitting fourth in the Prairie division. The herd takes on the Saskatchewan Huskies and the Regina Cougars next weekend at home.
VOL. 103 NO. 5 September 14, 2016
World Cup of Hockey preview Breaking down the groups, storylines, and predictions Ryan Stelter, staff
he World Cup of Hockey is set to start on Sept. 17 when Team USA takes on Team Europe. This World Cup is comprised of six countries – Canada, USA, Russia, Czech Republic, Finland, and Sweden – as well as two teams comprised of players from a variety of nations, Team North America and Team Europe. North America is made up of players under the age of 23 from Canada and the U.S., while Europe has players from the likes of Germany, Slovakia, Switzerland, and more. Some argue that this is not a best on best tournament because of the inclusion of Team Europe and Team North America, but it doesn’t really matter – hockey fans will be watching this tournament regardless. The Manitoban breaks down the two groups, highlighting key players to watch, and predicts how the teams will finish.
Predicted finish (from order of first to last): USA, Canada, Czech Republic, Team Europe
The U.S. have a loaded roster, and come in as one of the favourites in the tournament. They will want to forget their poor performance in the 2014 Sochi Olympics, where they bowed out to Canada in the semi-finals and were then trounced by Finland 5-0 in ing to show that it wasn’t just a fluke. second in this tough group. Led by the bronze medal game. They have 28 assists in 77 games. essentially the same roster as Sochi Czech Republic The Edmonton Oilers forward will teenage phenoms Connor McDavid The Czechs were unfortunate to want to prove that he belongs in the and Jack Eichel, Team North and will be looking to prove someAmerica will be the most exciting thing, and for that reason, they will be placed in a group with the two Oilers’ top six. North American juggernauts, but team to watch this fall. top the group. Player to watch: Joe Pavelski will they have some young, exciting play- Group B Predicted finish: Russia, North certainly be a player to watch after ers on their roster. The only question Led by teenage his marvelous Stanley Cup playoffs, mark for the Czech Republic will be America, Finland, Sweden where he racked up 23 points in 24 their defense – after Radko Gudas, Russia phenoms Connor The Russians are always a team games en route to a Stanley Cup there is a steep drop off. This will appearance. “Little Joe” will be look- likely cost them when they play the to watch out for in any international McDavid and Jack ing to continue that for the Stars and likes of the U.S. and Canada. hockey tournament. Led by dynamic Eichel, Team North Player to watch: David Pastrnak forwards Alexander Ovechkin and Stripes. will be wanting to make a statement Evgeni Malkin, Russia’s firepower Canada America will be Many will be surprised not to this tournament, having bounced will be enough to see them top the the most exciting see the Great White North on top between the Boston Bruins and their group. As with any Russian team, of this group, and it’s possible that farm team in Providence the last two defense is not necessarily their strong team to watch suit, but they have three solid options they could do it. Canada is heavily seasons. in the crease. favoured to win this whole tourna- Europe The Europeans have a talented Player to watch: Artemi Panarin Player to watch: The goal crease. ment, and there is plenty of reason for that; Canada has won the last two roster, but they might struggle with will have many eyes on him, as he North America boasts some of the Olympics and has the deepest talent cohesiveness, as almost none of these won the Calder Trophy last season brightest goaltenders in the game pool in the world. Canada typically players have played together interna- as the NHL’s best rookie. This is on their team. Winnipeg Jet Connor plays a little shaky in the group stages, tionally. The Europeans will struggle Panarin’s first significant interna- Hellebuyck, Stanley Cup-winning but will most likely make it to the with chemistry, but if they can man- tional tourney and he will be wanting goalie Matt Murray and Anaheim age to gel they might surprise, but to prove himself. Duck John Gibson are all options. final. Player to watch: Having missed the they will most likely toil at the bot- North America It will be fun to see who wins the The most surprising prediction starting job. 2014 Olympics due to injury, Steven tom of this group. Player to watch: After a breakout here is Team North America qualify- Finland Stamkos will relish this opportunity “Those pesky Finns” is a phrase you to wear the maple leaf. Even com- season last year, Leon Draisaitl, who ing for the knockout stages, but if you ing off another season cut short by will be one of the German representa- take a look at this roster it shouldn’t will hear in any international tourinjury, he still managed 36 goals and tives on Team Europe, will be look- be that surprising to see them finish nament the Scandinavian country
graphic by kelly campbell
participates in. They somehow find away to annoy opposing teams with their play. Finland might struggle in this group as their shaky defense will be punished by the flashy forwards of North America and Russia. Player to watch: For Winnipeg Jets fans, and many hockey fans, watching Patrik Laine will be a real treat. The young Finnish forward has drawn comparisons to Ovechkin and will be looking to showcase his wicked wrist shot in this tournament.
Sweden are coming off a silver medal in the 2014 Olympics but their international prowess might stall a bit in the World Cup this year. Made up of a mixed bag of forwards, the Swedes still boast plenty of talent but they will unfortunately be the scapegoats in this tough group. Player to watch: Patric Hornqvist is coming off of playing a key role with the Stanley Cup-winning Pittsburgh Penguins. Hornqvist possesses a lot of speed and will want to play a key role with the Swedes as well.