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Manitoban 2013 Hockey Pool page 24

n e ws

co m m e n t

Market matters Bad drivers Asper hosts international marketing competition page 3

There are two types – which one are you? page 10

s c i e n c e & t e c h n o lo g y

a rts & c u lt u r e

s p o rts

Private space


Goal fest

Golden Spike company shoots for the Moon page 15

Les Sexy prepare for release of second full-length album page 18

Men's hockey team scores 14 over two-game span page 22

frost flowers . . . page 13 Vo l 9 9 ½ · N o 1 8 · J a n ua ry 1 6 , 2 0 1 3 · w w w.t h e m a n i to b a n .co m



VOL. 99 ½ NO. 18 January 16, 2013


Science & Tech

| pa g e s 3 – 7


Report from the U of M Senate


International news briefs


UMSU cover image

“Fei Frost Flowers” by Juliana Kusyk

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EPA chief steps down

Arts & Culture

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No Place Like Home


Event listings

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Bison stampede past cougars


Following the herd

Toban Talkback


Ahmed Buaishah

Fares Felemban

Brittany Erb

Edith Wanjiu

“Both the federal governments and provinces should pay and help each other.”

“I think the federal government should also pay because there are a lot of poor people who don't have money.”

“No, because some provinces are more prone to natural disasters, like B.C., so it's not really fair that they should have to pay.”

“I think everyone should just work together to solve the problem and just deal with it.”

Do you think that provinces and municipalities should be responsible for paying for their own natural disaster relief?






Senior News Editor: Rachel Wood News Editor: Jill Patterson Contact: / 474.6770



Asper business school holds international marketing competition

Federal ruling grants victory to Métis and non-status groups

UBC takes top prize

Decision adds another change to First Nations-government relations

Quinn Richert, staff

Rachel Wood, staff



ast week, students from the University of Manitoba’s Asper school of business held the 31st annual Manitoba International Marketing Competition (MIMC). MIMC is the only competition of its kind in the province and this year was paired with a marketing conference in cooperation with the University of Manitoba Marketing Association (UMMA).

Thirteen teams from Canada, as well as China, Belarus, Mexico, and Ghana, endured a three-month, three-phase competition, culminating in a final round of presentations held from Jan. 10 to 12 at the U of M and downtown Winnipeg. The Ghanaian team was unable to attend the events in Winnipeg, however, as Sinan Leylek, executive co-chair for the competition, told the Manitoban. The team was reportedly stopped at the Ghana border. “The past two years they were able to come, so we hope the problem is resolved in time for next year,” said Leylek. The winning team took home a cash prize of $4,000, while the runners-up walked away with $2,000. In the first phase, teams competed from their home universities in an online simulation program known as Capstone. Leylek explained that the simulation lasted eight weeks and every week was equivalent to one year in the life of a real company. “The teams are given a marketing problem and must start out with a specific strategy statement in regards to how they’ll solve it. As time goes on, they are forced to add on to that strategy,” said Leylek. “The simulation covers a variety of different business elements.” Within the simulation, teams compete directly with each other

and can see their competitor’s progress, much like in the real world of business. Phase two of the competition was worth 20 per cent of teams’ overall score and required them to articulate the specifics of their marketing strategy. MIMC’s website states that the objective of the statement is to “evaluate teams’ understanding of their industry and its environment. The commitment made in the strategy statement will provide the context for the presentations to be held during the competition weekend.” Teams arrived in Winnipeg for the third phase. In this live round of competition, groups presented their strategy statements, as well as their results in the simulated market, to a panel of three marketing expert judges “from the corporate and academic communities.” According to MIMC, the third phase is meant to “evaluate each team’s understanding of its business environment and their ability to manage in that context.” Participating teams were divided into three separate industries during the three phases of the competition. The team from each industry with the highest overall score moved on to Saturday’s final round at the Winnipeg Convention Centre. The final round tested the best three teams’ on-the-fly marketing problem-solving skills. Each was given a new problem and only three hours to prepare a presentation on how to tackle the problem, which was again given to a panel of judges. Historically, international teams have fared very well at MIMC. Leylek argued that this might be attributable to the fact that many of those teams offer the Capstone

simulation as a class at their universities. “My hope is to get the Capstone simulation approved as a class here at the U of M,” said Leylek. After the three-plus rounds of testing, the University of British Columbia (UBC) team was named MIMC Global Champion, while the University of Alberta took home the runner-up prize. “With UBC hosting JDC west, [Western Canada’s largest business competition], this upcoming weekend, it was clear that they had a great deal of practice and knowledge of how to prepare a case presentation going into MIMC’s final round,” Leylek said of the Global Champion team. Last year’s champions, Mexico’s Universidad Panamericana Campus Bonaterra, placed third. “Unfortunately, the addition of a business case competition to the final round put Mexico at a disadvantage as they had never done one before,” said Leylek. The marketing conference running parallel to MIMC featured a variety of speakers, including a keynote address by Bill Shaddy, former senior director of personnel operations at Pepsico and former student of the Asper school. The conference also included several social and dinner events. Following the conference and final round presentations, the four-day event wrapped up Saturday evening with a social organized by students at the Asper school. “The addition of the conference this year serves as a huge networking benefit for competitors,” said Elizabeth Fahlman, director of IT and executive team member for MIMC. Photo by Elizabeth fahlman

recent ruling on Jan. 8 by a by the people they’ve been colonizing federal court redefined “Indian” that it’s over and you’ve got to do it under the Constitution Act to include this way. They prefer to see it their way. Métis and non-status Aboriginal They hate being forced into things.” peoples. The decision has First The financial obligation of the fedNations groups celebrating, while eral government may increase under the federal government is expected this ruling, says York University proto appeal. fessor David McNab. The ruling comes after a long McNab told the CBC that non-stalegal battle that began in 1999. Harry tus individuals who live in traditional Daniels, past president of the Native territory but not on a reserve might be Council of Canada (NCC), initially exempt from income tax. Moreover, if led the court case but died in 2004. these individuals have paid sales taxes, Fred Shore, an assistant professor they may be able to claim these funds in the department of native studies at and be reimbursed. the University of Manitoba with a speIndian and Northern Affairs cial interest in Métis history, told the Minister John Duncan’s spokesperson, Manitoban that there are misconcep- Jan O’Driscoll, released a statement tions about what this ruling entails. regarding the ruling. “The federal government now has “We are reviewing the court’s decito negotiate with, or deal with, Métis sion to determine the next steps. As the [ . . . ] just like they do with ‘Indians.’ It federal court stated, this decision is not doesn’t mean that everyone is ‘Indian’ about ‘the interpretation or application now. It just means that the relation- of particular rights either under the ship that exists between the Feds and Constitution or under specific agreethe First Nations [ . . . ] applies to the ments, nor is it about Aboriginal rights Métis.” [ . . . ] Our Government continues to Shore explained that the Métis work in partnership with Aboriginals people are not fighting for a depart- across Canada to address shared priment of Métis affairs or a legislative orities such as education, economic Métis Act; rather, they are fighting for development, and jobs.” a relationship with the federal governSince the ruling, individuals across ment that is negotiable. Canada have been eager to determine Prior to this ruling, decisions their Métis heritage. between Métis groups and the fedMétis Nation–Saskatchewan eral government often had to be taken President Robert Doucette told the to court for a final decision. This rul- CBC that his office has been overing modifies the relationship so that whelmed with inquiries regarding decisions, such as land claims, can be Métis heritages. finalized through negotiations. “I’m just pleased that people are The ruling, however, does not only showing an interest, a renewed sense of affect the Métis people of Canada. pride and are willing to take that step “The ones that will really benefit forward and join the Nation,” stated from this are the non-status, the ones Doucette to the CBC. that don’t get any benefits because The challenge of identifying Métis they’ve lost their status as ‘Indians.’ individuals is a great one under this rulThey are now ‘Indians,’” commented ing, says Shore. He argues that it is hard Shore. to explain to the average Canadian Historically, Aboriginal people lost who an “Indian” is. Moreover, a Métis their status through many different person is not just part “Indian.” The avenues, explained Shore. Indigenous Métis culture is varied across Canada, women who married a non-card- much like Canadian culture. carrying man would lose their status. This problem of identification will If an Aboriginal person obtained a increase if the government takes it university degree, their status was upon themselves to identify Métis also taken from them. According to individuals, commented Shore. Shore, the Indian agent could claim The ruling arrives during the First that any Aboriginal individual was Nations movement, Idle No More, “civilized” and take away their status which is already changing the landif the agent did not want to deal with scape of the First Nations’ relationship that particular person. with the federal government. The prediction that the government Prime Minister Harper met with will appeal the ruling is held among several First Nations chiefs on Jan. 11 many experts in the field. to discuss treaty obligations and the Shore explained that he believes omnibus bill C-45. the federal government would preAs an outcome of the meeting, fer to fully assimilate the Aboriginal Harper agreed to increase discussion population into the Canadian system on treaty rights and land claims, attend and rid themselves of any financial meetings with the Assembly of First and legal responsibilities. Treaties and Nations (AFN), and grant “enhanced the constitution, however, prevent this oversight” from the Prime Minister from happening. and his Privy Council. “Governments don’t like to be told



Senior News Editor: Rachel Wood News Editor: Jill Patterson Contact: / 474.6770

Report from the U of M Senate Aboriginal student enrolment the main topic of discussion Quinn Richert, staff


he University of Manitoba’s (undergraduate). senate meeting on Wednesday, Gottheil noted that, while the U Jan. 9, was dominated largely by a of M has done a good job of meeting discussion of the school’s Strategic its goals for international students, Enrollment Management (SEM) “we know that now we need to start planning framework, a collection of looking at how international student data and perspectives on academic enrollment is spread across programs, institution operation that assists fac- how we support those students, and ulty and administration in setting and what are some of the issues those meeting enrolment goals. students have.” The U of M’s SEM plan is imporA discussion on challenges to tant to both future and current U of meeting enrollment goals followed. M students because it plays an inte- An “unwelcoming campus climate,” gral role in shaping the identity of and “poor self-esteem and confidence” the university as compared to other in students were listed as potential Canadian schools. roadblocks, especially when it comes A report to senate led by vice- to retention. provosts Susan Gottheil and Jay “Students often have poor self-esDoering, as well as provost Joanne teem or poor self-confidence. Some Keselman, recommended a set of may not have role models at home enrolment goals for 2017. Those goals or in their communities [ . . . ] it’s included growing the number of stu- often confidence that helps students dents enrolled full-time to 32,000 and overcome what they see as adversity increasing Aboriginal student enroll- and hardship in getting through their ment from 7.7 per cent to 10 per cent programs. We have to think about

how to address that particular issue,” campus to be an unwelcoming envi- University of Manitoba Students’ Gottheil told the senate. ronment [ . . . ] the students indicate Union (UMSU), told the Manitoban During the to me, when she agreed that the U of M could question period, they leave the be an unwelcoming place for many “Many aboriginal Robert-Falcon program, that students, in particular for those from Ouellette, a they don’t feel Aboriginal communities. students find the program a relationship “That unwelcoming sentiment director with with people – often extends to the classroom struccampus to be an aboriginal their professors ture and the knowledge content in unwelcoming focus programs, or classmates class,” added Arte. explained that, [ . . . to end Despite advocating on UMSU’s environment [ . . . ] while increasthis problem] part to incorporate certain principles the students indicate ing enrolment it’s going to of aboriginal pedagogical philosophy of Aboriginal demand addi- into classes, an official U of M policy to me [ . . . ] that students is a tional resources has not come to fruition. they don’t feel a positive step, it from staff and The U of M Senate oversees, is also vital to faculty mem- and makes rulings on, issues of an relationship with follow through bers. Perhaps academic nature as outlined by the with special faculty could University of Manitoba Act. Most people” – Robertsupport for take one or senate meetings are open to the Falcon Ouellette those students two Aboriginal public. throughout students under The next meeting will be held on their university their wing and Feb. 6 in the senate chambers. experience. mentor them,” suggested Ouellette. “Many Aboriginal students find the Bilan Arte, president of the


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i n t e r n at i o n a l n e w s b r i e f s By Jill Patterson, staff Obama and Afghan leader meeting to discuss U.S.Afghan Relations

President Obama and Afghan leader Hamid Karzai are set to meet in the White House to discuss what role the United States will play in the future with Afghanistan. Obama and Karzai will also be discussing the number of United States soldiers present in Afghanistan past 2014, the potential for Taliban peace talks, and upcoming Afghan elections. Karzai’s trip to Washington will also include talks with Defence Secretary Leon Panetta and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. U.S. commanders have made the recommendation of leaving 6,000 to 15, 000 soldiers in Afghanistan to train Afghan soldiers and military, but White House officials have said withdrawing all troops by a 2014

deadline is a possibility. Biden to recommend new gun control policy

United States Vice President Joe Biden has created a task force on gun control that will have made its recommendations to President Obama by Tuesday, Jan. 15. As part of the task force Biden met with members of the National Rifle Association (NRA) to discuss gun control policy. The recent school shooting in Connecticut, which left 27 dead, has recharged controversy over gun violence. Biden said he will be presenting his recommendations to President Obama during the week of Jan. 14 to 18 because there is only a “tight window” of time in which to take action. “There is nothing that has pricked

the consciousness of the American people, there is nothing that has gone to the heart of the matter more than the visual image people have of little six-year-old kids riddled—not shot with a stray bullet—riddled, riddled, with bullet holes in their classroom,” said Biden. France agrees to help stop Islamist rebels in Mali

French President Francois Hollande has said France will stop Islamist militants in control of northern Mali if they continue their occupation, but only under the authority of the United Nations. Hollande was reacting to a request from Malian President Dioncounda Traoré for help to counter the rebel offensive. A meeting of the UN Security Council called for a quick deployment of an international force

to Mali. establish a national registry to record The Malian army said that French, details of crimes and victim abuse. Nigerian, and Senegalese soldiers Approximately 70,000 people have were already in Mali. The army offi- died in drug-related violence since cial, however, refused to divulge the 2006; several thousand people are details of their activities when probed still missing. during a press conference. Some campaign groups have Some members of the town of said the law is a good first step but Mopti reported seeing French sol- more needs to be done in order to diers assisting Malian militants in be successful. The law was passed arranging a counter-offensive attack last April but was held up by the foragainst the Islamists in the neigh- mer President Felipe Calderon, who bouring town of Konna. claimed that it was flawed. Pena Nieto, who took office on Mexico to compensate victims Dec. 1, 2012, signed the bill into law of drug violence crimes on Jan. 9, 2013. Mexican President Enrique Pena “There are thousands of people Nieto has created a law that will who sadly have lost a loved one, their find and help thousands of victims children, their spouses, their siblings. of crimes surrounding drug violence, There are thousands of people who as well as other crimes. have suffered the havoc wrought by The new bill outlines a compensa- violence,” said Nieto. tion fund that will be set up and will

National news briefs Quinn Richert, staff Feds, First Nations attend “working meeting;” Spence and others in absentia

A meeting between members of the Assembly of First Nations (AFN) and Prime Minister Stephen Harper went ahead as scheduled on Friday, Jan. 11, in Ottawa, despite the absence of Theresa Spence and others. Spence announced on Jan. 9 that she would not participate unless Governor General David Johnston agreed to be in attendance. “There have been a lot of rumors that I changed my mind a lot, but it’s not true. At the beginning I made a statement that this meeting is supposed to be with the Governor

General and the Prime Minister. It is important for both of them to be there at the same time, with all leaders. Not just a few leaders,” Spence told the press on Jan. 11 before declining to take questions. Many Chiefs in support of Spence also opted out of the meeting; however, she did attend a ceremonial 90-minute meeting with Johnston on the same day as the Harper talks. Delegates from Manitoba sided with Spence, while National Chief Shawn Atleo chose to attend. It is unclear as of yet what results will come of the talk, except that Atleo and Harper agreed to schedule additional meetings for the near

future. Curtains for downtown IMAX

IMAX Theatre, located at the Portage Place Mall in downtown Winnipeg, is permanently closing its doors to moviegoers in March of this year. Clare MacKay of the Forks North Portage Partnership, the company that owns the theatre, told CBC News that it has been underperforming for years and unable to yield any profits. “Over the last several years, our numbers are continuing to decline, and we haven’t been able to secure the walk-up traffic that we would want in order to be able to continue,” said

MacKay to CBC Manitoba. The IMAX theatre at Polo Park is not controlled by the Forks North Portage Partnership, and will remain open after the Portage Place venue’s shutdown date of March 31. Statue of first Canadian Prime Minister vandalized on historic day

A statue of John A. Macdonald in City Park, Kingston, ON, was vandalized with a politically-charged message the night of Thursday, Jan. 10. The front of the statue was spraypainted with the phrase “this is stolen land.” The graffiti also read “murderer”

and “colonizer.” The incident occurred just prior to the highly anticipated meetings between First Nations leadership and the federal government, as well as an event scheduled to take place in the park hosted by Heritage Minister James Moore. Friday also marked Macdonald’s 198th birthday. Kingston police, while recognizing the political significance of the vandalism, are reportedly remaining skeptical about the motive of the perpetrator or perpetrators.

Campus news briefs Rachel Wood, staff Bisons With Byte group invited to Russia for computer programming competition

puter science student Josh Jung, computer engineering student Aman Sachar, and actuarial mathematics A University of Manitoba com- student Alex Sachs. puter science group, Bisons With Competitions include approxiByte, will be traveling to Russia mately eight complex, logic, and stratfor the Association for Computing egy-based problems that are centered Machinery (ACM) International on real world issues. The teams have Collegiate Programming Contest five hours to solve the problems. 2013 World Finals. Five other Canadian universities The competition, which takes place will be attending the finals in Russia in June, hosts computer programming including UBC, Calgary, Lethbridge, teams that have won several levels of Waterloo, and Toronto. competitions. Over 300,000 students Architect students’ design participate in the initial competitions; wins a place in warming however, only 115 have the honour of hut competition attending the world finals. The U of M team includes comWinnipeg’s river trail will include

five new huts this year, one of which comes from the University of Manitoba. Architect students from the U of M submitted their hut design to the competition entitled Warming Huts v.2013: An Art + Architecture Competition on Ice. The U of M submission, named “Weave Wave,” was designed by a group of 100 students and will include the construction through 100 various materials, stretching across 100 metres. The remaining four winning designs include “Big City” from Montreal, “Hygge House” from Winnipeg, “Smokehouse” from

Cambridge, Mass., and “Woolhaus” from New York. U of M researchers find relation between lowering blood pressure and flaxseed

A study from the U of M finds that ground flaxseed may have vital benefits in relation to lowering health risks. Daily consumption of flaxseed has been found to reduce the risk of stroke by half and heart attack by 30 per cent in individuals with high blood pressure. The revelation was found through a study of 110 participants, half of whom consumed 30 grams of flaxseed daily

for six months. The remaining half received a placebo similar to flax in a provided muffin, bar, pasta, or bun. The results of those whom consumed the flax rather than the placebo were comparable to the effects of antihypertension medication. “Every country has a huge problem with hypertensions. Whether you are economically disadvantaged or not, findings like what we have not only have an impact on health but may have a great impact on the cost of health care,” said Grant Pierce, lead investigator and U of M physiology professor.



VOL. 99 ½ NO. 18 January 16, 2013

NHL lockout felt by businesses and workers downtown Return of the Jets anticipates income increase for many Alycia Rodrigues, staff


he NHL lockout is officially over and, according to a photograph of the Jets game schedule leaked online in the Winnipeg Free Press, the first game is set for Jan. 19 at the MTS Centre. Since the return of the Jets in 2011, Winnipeg’s downtown experienced a significant increase in sales for businesses. Executive director of the Downtown Business Improvement Zone (BIZ) Stefano Grande told the Manitoban that game days attract 15,000 fans to the city centre. Grande said the loss of half the hockey season due to the lockout was felt by businesses involved in the restaurant, hospitality, and entertainment industries. “Winnipeg saw sidewalks, restaurants, bars, and evening entertainment venues crowded with people from all backgrounds [during the NHL seasons].” According to Grande, the downtown businesses felt the loss of hockey fans, although the downtown does not thrive solely on business from game nights. He argued that the downtown needs to cater to a plethora

of audiences and markets that include over 70,000 workers, 30,000 students, and 16,000 residents, creating ample room for growth. The Jets are just one factor out of many that help the downtown thrive, stated Grande. Mike Del Buono, server at the Moxie’s Classic Grill MTS Centre location, stated just how significant the return of the Jets was for the restaurant and how the lockout affected

his income. His tips nearly doubled with the high volume of clientele that came with game nights, as individuals who came in were willing to spend a lot more on their evenings out. At the conclusion of the season in 2012, Sachit Mehra of East India Company Restaurant told the CBC that business increased by 40 per cent on Jets game nights. President of the Pony Corral

restaurant on St. Mary Ave., Peter dise also felt the effects of the lockGinakes, told the Winnipeg Sun out. When the NHL returned to that his location saw sales double Winnipeg, new Jets gear became a on Jets game nights. As the lockout hot commodity and stores had no began, Ginakes started to use dif- difficulty getting the merchandise ferent methods to attract the same off the shelves. The lockout left fans level of business through increased frustrated, threatening to decrease entertainment, dance parties, and spending on merchandise and conmore beer options. cession stands to protest the lockout. “The lockout caused my income Grande said he thinks fans would to go down significantly. I’ve been reconsider if they knew that downmaking less than half of what I was town businesses and workers will be at this time last year. It also doesn’t affected by this. help that it was a particularly slow “Fans should continue to support year for concerts,” said Del Buono, the local economy, local jobs, and who is also a student at the Asper local businesses that are often run school of business. and operated by the working class of Del Buono stated that Moxie’s our city,” said Grande. MTS and the workers at the MTS By continuing this support it will Centre depend on events and con- ensure the businesses still thrive with certs and that the uncertainty of the the return of the hockey season on situation was a frustrating experi- Jan. 19, commented Grande. ence, sometimes warranting the idea “If you enjoyed your downtown of finding another job. If the season experience at some of these businesses had been cancelled right from the when the Jets were playing, remember start, Del Buono said he would have that it takes your continued support already started looking for another to ensure that they are around when job; however, the chance of the Jets’ the Jets return,” said Grande. return was worth the gamble to stay. Businesses selling Jets merchan- Photo by Wpg guy

Canadian Forces to start charging provinces, municipalities for disaster relief Cuts to federal budget cited as main reason for decision Jill Patterson, staff


t was recently announced that It has been reported that budget the Canadian Forces will now be cuts of up to $1.1 billion will need to charging provinces and municipali- be made by around 2014-2015. ties that have been affected by natural In the past the military has been disasters, for their assistance. called in to give assistance in cases of Currently, the federal government flooding, ice storms, and forest fires. is responsible for footing the bill when They have also been known to provide the military is called upon to help in a wide array of services such as safe these situations, but cutbacks in the evacuations and medical aid. federal defence spending have been However, it is unclear how the cited as the main cause for the change Canadian Forces will be evaluatin procedure. ing the costs of their assistance and

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African Mass > Jan 20 11am with potluck to follow in Hanley Hall

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Byzantine Divine Liturgy > Jan 31 11:45am For more information, contact:

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whether affected provinces or cities will be able to get an estimate of the price beforehand. Karen Leibovici, president of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, said she is concerned about the change, especially because the news was not officially announced to the municipal governments throughout the country. “The reality is that to put that kind of burden on municipalities is quite surprising. To have a line drawn because there’s a billing issue is not good for municipalities, and it’s not good for Canadians as a whole,” said Leibovici. Leibovici also said that the impact of this change could be very negative and that the decision should be repealed. “It needs to be looked at from the perspective of what is needed from Canadians to meet their needs during an emergency. Recognizing that we’re all in this together.” Conser vative Member of Parliament Chris Alexander asserts that the reason for the change is that the department is under financial

pressure. “National Defence takes its responsibility to be a good steward of public

funds very seriously,” said Alexander to the CBC. He claimed the military has always had the power and the responsibility to recover the costs from provinces and cities but has been waiving those charges, which left Ottawa to pay for the expenses for the past 15 years. Alexander did not comment on how much money the department would save by changing the process, saying instead that the costs would be determined separately by each situation. In defence of the decision he noted that disaster relief should be secondary to the military’s main job, which is “the defence of Canada.” “In budgetary terms, it certainly

isn’t the dominant role or the main role of the Canadian Forces.” The f looding in Quebec cost an estimated $4 million, while the 1997 Red River Flood caused more than $500 million in damage. Approximately 8,000 Canadian soldiers assisted with barricade set-up, home evacuations, and offered medical services. The Defence Department’s decision to start charging for disaster relief assistance is outlined in an internal memo that was sent to Defence Minister Peter MacKay. Postmedia News acquired the document. The memo noted that “whilst DND has typically waived the cost of CF assistance to other government departments over the past 15 years given present fiscal restraints, the Department is no longer in a position to routinely waive the often significant costs associated with this assistance. Going forward, the waiving of such costs must be the exception, rather than the rule.” The decision was finalized in July of 2012. Photo by Shahnoor Shabib Munmun

Senior News Editor: Rachel Wood News Editor: Jill Patterson Contact: / 474.6770


Career Week gives U of M students opportunity to find jobs Event features wide array of career workshops Alycia Rodrigues, staff

Rachel Wood, staff


he holidays saw five instances of theft at the University of Manitoba. The U of M Security Services reported that two thefts of cell phones occurred. These thefts occurred when the devices were left unattended. The remaining thefts included a laptop stolen from a locker, an item stolen from a vehicle on campus, and a vehicle stolen from a campus parking lot. As a precautionary measure, Security Services reminded all students and staff to avoid leaving valuables unattended.

A reported break-in occurred over the holiday break, in which the suspects entered through an unlocked door and entered several offices, removing numerous items. One report of mischief occurred during December. An individual entered a Fletcher Argue elevator and caused damage totaling $200. CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) cameras identified the individual and restitution was paid. One assault was reported in which the victim received medical attention. Due to the victim being un-cooperative, details of the incident were not available from Security Services.


“If you don’t love what you do, it areer week at the U of M Everything: Creating Your Own began on Jan. 9 and gave stu- Career Opportunities.” These is difficult to devote such significant dents the opportunity to network, workshops allowed students to see time and effort, and I would more furthering their potential success the bigger picture after graduation. than suspect that how interested at finding jobs. They helped point out the deciding you are in your job would affect how Students were encouraged to factors of attending graduate school productive you are on a daily basis,” interact with the career advisors to and how students should market said Hiebert. find out about the weeklong event themselves to create unexpected Hiebert argued that career intended to enhance career and job opportunities. choices come down to what an indiemployment experiences. The grand finale of career week, vidual values the most. Examples A workshop titled “Taking the Jan. 16, is the day of Career Fair 2013, include how much you make, the Fear out of Career: Coping with where over 80 potential employers potential to help other people, Career Decision Worries” took are available for students who are whether the job is right for you or place on the first day of the event. looking for full-time or part-time not, and the level of freedom you The workshop helped students learn work, summer employment, or vol- have to make your own decisions how to cope with the anxiety that unteer opportunities. and be creative. may come with making careerEmployment advisor Lindsey “Is it a requirement for you that based decisions. Hiebert from career services told your job helps you to fulfill goals in Thursday, Jan. 10, featured two the Manitoban that Manitoba was your life? Or can you realize your workshops: “A Practical Guide to not hit as hard during the reces- dreams outside of work, and is that Decision Making,” which guided sion like many other provinces in okay for you?” said Hiebert. students through decision-making Canada. She did admit that there The career fair is intended to processes such as why decisions may have been hiring freezes or lower help students along in finding out be difficult and how to improve employment rates in particular sec- what they want in a career, to get decision making, and “Career Fair tors or industries. the career they have always wanted, Success: Resume Ready,” which Hiebert said the reason for and to help in the planning stage allowed students to review their Manitoba’s immunity during the for education. resumes and learn how to prop- recession is its diversified economy, The event, which takes place erly present a resume while giving which is a strength during eco- every year, yielded approximately a good impression to a potential nomic hardships. 4,000 students last year. Hiebert employer. “Overall, I would say Manitoba is said she has spoken with many Two seminars were featured on in a good position. We try to focus students who have found success Monday, Jan. 14. The first workshop, in Career Services on helping stu- through career week by network“Resume Critique,” was for students dents become [more] employable ing with potential employers and who already had a resume created through career planning and goal obtained a job because of it. and were seeking an employment setting, getting related work/volunLisa Chang, a second-year advisor to look over their resume. teer experience, and networking.” nursing student, said she plans on The second workshop, “Career When asked about the reality of attending career week to find someInformation 101,” helped show stu- the pervasive “follow your dreams” thing in the health-related field. dents different career options that paradigm regarding career choices, “I’ll be looking for pretty much they may not have yet considered. It Hiebert commented that it is easy any type of full-time employment also gave them tools for successful to merely say “go for your dream job” for the summer because I need it career planning. without taking other factors into for tuition,” said Chang. The two workshops on Tuesday, consideration, such as salary. She Jan. 15 were titled, “What is mentioned, however, the imporGraduate School? Do I Want tance of loving whatever it is you’re Photo by Beibei lu it or Need it?” and “Luck Isn’t currently in pursuit of.

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Have we really come as far as we think? The cycle of women, media, and consumerism Jill Patterson, staff


uring my holiday break I had the mis- as well. Shows that feature thin, attractive perpetuates the stereotypes. If there were no fortune of stumbling across an episode women in stereotypical gendered roles also demand for these shows, products, and magof a show called The Real Housewives of influence the ways women act in real life. The azines, they would cease to exist. It would Miami. It was out of boredom and curiosity predominant message is that women should also be helpful if there was demand instead that I managed to make it through an entire fit the model that is shown on television and for shows that held women in a more positive episode, and what I saw I found disturb- any that don't are labeled as unattractive, light and if there was more focus on products ing. The episode consisted entirely of the abnormal, masculine, or unfeminine. And, that are beneficial to women in ways that women discussing amongst themselves how of course, there are a whole slew of products don’t try to alter their physical appearance best to tell one of their fellow housewife for women to buy to help them fit “the norm;” by degrading how they look now. friends that her husband was cheating on name brand clothes, weight loss products, I understand that the corporate machine is her. Drama ensued, snide comments were age-concealing very well-adapted made, and, alas, so-and-so was told that her makeup, and the in its ability to Shows that feature thin, husband is cheating on her while the rest of list goes on. produce strong the housewives (and anyone watching the But what I find external pressures attractive women in show) eagerly awaited her reaction. most upsetting is for women—and After watching the show I was left with that it is the very men, as well—to stereotypical gender roles the image of the stereotypical two-faced, people that are look and act a ceralso influence the ways drama-loving, ditzy woman who needs plas- being stereotyped tain way, as unretic surgery to boost her self-worth, and this that are buying alistic as these women act in real life. made me wonder if women have really come into the stereotype; expectations may as far as we think we have in eliminating that is, women. It be. But I think the embarrassing and insulting stereotypes of is women who watch the shows on what first step in correcting these stereotypical ourselves. “real” women are like, and buy all the prod- images of women is for women to recognize I pick on The Real Housewives only ucts that go along with it. and critically examine the negative impact because that is what I happened to watch, I do not want this to be misunderstood as these influences have for both themselves but it is not the only culprit. Countless other me blaming the victim. There are, of course, and their gender overall. television shows, magazines, and adver- many other factors at play here, like marketOnce these negative influences are rectisements portray a negative false image of ing techniques designed to alter the audi- ognized, the next step is to avoid supporting women, content of which women are the ence’s self-image and to influence the way these outlets of harmful female stereotypes. main consumers. they internalize how they “should” look by If we stop supporting shows like The Real Being that many of these shows are what they are shown on television, often Housewives and all other artificial produclabeled as “reality” television, goes to prove to an already young and impressionable tions of “real women,” then we take a stance that what is being shown to the audience audience. against the underlying notions and stereois being disguised as real and is therefore However, I do think that some respon- types of women and we reject the pressure implying that “real women” look and behave sibility must be taken on the other end as and influence these things have on us. like that. well. Women are the main consumers of Non-reality television shows are to blame their worst stereotypes and this, in a way, image by silvana moran

Comment Editor: Spencer Fernando Contact: / 474.6529



The two types of bad drivers Which one are you? Matt Abra, volunteer staff


he hating of other drivers on the road is not just an emotion we endure whenever we get behind the wheel. It is a fashion and a fetish we take everywhere we go: to our homes, to our friends, to our water coolers, mostly for the chance to act smug and clannish. People are best at identifying their own greatness when they do it in opposition to others. It feels good to get mad at another person on the road because it reinforces the idea that you’re better than they are – you are smart because they did something stupid; you are caring because they did something apathetic, and so forth. In short, good driving is conversationally fashionable, which to me is about the same as saying that lifejackets are fashionable. They are more than fashionable – they are useful. The reality is that we are all bad drivers. How do I know? Because the most accepted definition of a bad driver is so simple: “He/she did something bad.” When you see someone fail to flash their turn signal, they did something bad; thus, they are a bad driver. And we











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have all done something they are supposed to do. My other bad, some of us more friend—let’s call him Marv—is supthan others. So, we are posed to put his turn signal on more all bad drivers. than half a second before he turns, Yes, that is a ridicu- but a smart driver knows that many lous statement, and I’m people don’t care enough to do so. aware of it, but that’s Thus, they will keep a safe distance usually as far as the between themselves and any car in assessment of bad driv- front of them. Jim, on the other hand, ing goes in our culture will tailgate Marv’s car because he of hard criticism/soft assumes that since the rule is to put analysis. We assess the your turn signal on long before you skills of another driver turn, naturally that is what Marv will by specific encounters do. Jim doesn’t understand and Marv with them. If they do doesn’t care. One car is tailgating, the something smart in other slows for a turn without signalthat moment they are ing, and BOOM: fender bender. off the hook; if they do It is, therefore, a logical conclusomething dumb, they sion that if we can rid ourselves of the will forever exist in our “don’t care” drivers, it would simultacranium of stories, just neously extinguish the “don’t underwaiting to be brought out stand” drivers, because they would when we see a chance to have nothing to not understand in complain about some- the first place. thing. Truly, what Meanwhile, the good drivers also would this city have to fall victim to the “don’t care” drivers. talk about without bad Why? Let me put it this way: a “don’t drivers? care” driver might idle in the middle But may I be so bold of an intersection to make a left turn . as to suggest that if we . . beside a “no left turn” sign . . . with look at the problem far no turn signal on . . . while talking more objectively, we on their cell phone. You can be the might be able to clean Einstein of driving and still not be up the streets, so to able to avoid such an embarrassment speak. Sure, we’d have of basic humanity. to abandon a few conAll of this may come across as a versation starters, but rant that is short on solutions. After we’d also cut down on all, what is there to be done about the amount of accidents apathy? If we were able to cure people and wasted time. The of such things, we’d be solving far first step is to think about what truly, more of the world’s ills than simple actually, reasonably, traffic indignities. I do, constitutes a bad driver. however, feel that if more The reality Is it someone who does people understood that something stupid once, caring about other drivis that we or does it have much ers is mutually benefimore to do with atticial, they might be more are all bad tude? Is it anyone who inclined to try it. drivers. makes a mistake, or is The old adage “treat it the people who don’t people the way you even care about rectifywant to be treated” goes ing their mistakes? deeper than simply acknowledging The way I see it, there are two the virtues of human decency; it also types of bad drivers: those who explains the reciprocity that is necesdon’t understand the other people sary for relationships to function well. on the road, and those who don’t care Driving is no exception. Believe it about the other people on the road. or not, every time you get into a car Interestingly enough, it is when these you are entering into a relationship two types of drivers converge that you with thousands of other people who get the most traffic incidents. The two are doing the exact same thing. It is of them have an almost paradoxi- a communal relationship. The turn cal relationship; some drivers “don’t signal, for example, is a symbol for understand” that there are other it. Every time you put yours on, you drivers who just “don’t care.” I have are not only engaging a flashing light, friends that fit into both categories. but also turning on your “I care” sign. My first friend—let’s call him Please, everyone, turn yours on. Jim—doesn’t understand that other drivers aren’t always going to do what illustration by allan lorde

VOL. 99 ½ NO. 18 January 16, 2013



Nuclear power It’s not the answer Alex Passey, volunteer staff


t has been nearly two years since the crisis at the Fukushima nuclear reactor in Japan, and though it has long since slipped from the minds of the media and most of the population, there were lessons learned that day that should not be so quickly forgotten. We can’t afford to let our criticisms of nuclear power grow stale and tired. We can’t simply wait around for a catastrophe to strike before we act. Proponents of nuclear power insist that it is a clean, long-term solution to our energy crisis, that it is an environmentally friendly energy source that will help us combat climate change. What they consistently avoid discussing is the lack of safe disposal sites, which in the long term is actually the most important issue pertaining to nuclear power. It isn’t for lack of trying that we haven’t yet discovered a safe way to store depleted uranium, and yet continue using nuclear power anyway, assuming that somewhere down the road someone else will solve the problem for us. So for now we simply stick the highly dangerous radioactive waste wherever we can,

waiting for someone to come up with years ago. Then there was the Three could make the case that we couldn’t many of our rivers. Yet we haven’t a viable solution. Mile Island reactor accident, which possibly power the entire world using invested in either of these options at What’s really surprising is that resulted in significant damage to the nothing but hydro-electricity, solar, all. Why? Perhaps because it could many of the people who want to pre- Susquehanna River. and wind, and likely couldn’t even upset the economic balance that pare our world for climate change And how about telling the people if we continued to use coal as well. we’ve established and grown comare the same people who are willing in Japan, who two years ago were These claims are bogus. fortable with. We would rather risk to simply pass cowering in There are, in fact, nearly twice that nuclear meltdowns and send people this problem their homes for many sources of energy in the world. down into mines to get black lung The massive risk we on to the next fear of being One is geothermal energy, which than upset the economy by moving generation. showered in taps into the heat generated by the over to cleaner, safer, and renewable take when using Proponents radioactive Earth’s core. A lot of people have energy sources. Established corporate of nuc lea r rain, about heard of this, but they don’t realize energy distributors are constantly lobnuclear power is power love the relatively what a potential gold mine it truly is. bying our governments to keep them entirely unnecessary. what is deemed minimal foot- The Earth’s core generates tremen- from investing in budding alternative a “relatively print of nuclear dous amounts of power. We haven’t energy companies. This leaves us with minimal” power? invested in this option nearly enough. a very environmentally unfriendly environmental footprint left by I understand that in the pursuit The environmental effects of large- economy. nuclear power. Relatively minimal of a clean energy source certain scale use of geothermal power haven’t While we have so many energy compared to what, the nuclear bomb risks must be taken. But the fact is been studied as thoroughly as they sources available to us that pose viritself? The accident at the Chernobyl the massive risk we take when using should for implementation, but they tually no threat to the environment reactor absolutely devastated the nuclear power is entirely unnecessary. need to be, for it is a cache of energy or to human lives, we have no excuse entire region and was the cause of Advocates for nuclear power might say too great for us to ignore. for engaging in such risky practices. countless cases of cancer and birth that if we stopped using it we would Another two forms of energy There is no need for another person to deformities. The area surrounding be left with only four other energy that are largely obscure and almost ever suffer from radiation poisoning. Chernobyl has only returned to a sources: hydro-electricity, wind, solar, entirely untapped are tidal and There is no need for anyone to die in semi-habitable state in the last few and coal. They may then proceed to wave power. These should be pretty another mine collapse. The people years and strong traces of radiation list all the inherent problems with the self-explanatory, working with tur- who suffer these fates should weigh remain to this day, even though the coal industry and how we need to use bines in much the same fashion that on the world’s conscience. accident took place over twenty-six as little coal as possible. Then they Manitoba Hydro already does in

Messed up The NRA and the Connecticut shooting Alex Kozub


hat the f*ck? actual quote from top NRA lobby- But then the idea that we should That’s the only thing that I ist Wayne LaPierre. I didn’t para- really be training armed officials to can really muster to think right now. phrase it. He actually used all those be inside schools to take out the next In case you are words – bad guy, “bad guy” who happens to show up confused, here’s good guy, and yes, with a gun? Even worse. some context: 20 the idea that the I suppose what I find so appalling It’s at times like children die in a best response to about the whole thing is the language these, I think, that school shooting a violent situation used. You hear some Republicans sayin the United is simply more ing things like “if only that teacher we really need St ate s . T he violence. had had a gun, she could have blown to have people President calls It of fends the guy’s head off” (here I am parafor tighter gun the sensibilities. phrasing, but it’s relatively close to plainly say when control regulaFirst, the idea the actual quote by Republican represomething is tions. The NRA that anyone or sentative Louie Gohmert, including says that “the only anything can be the part about shooting off somemessed up. thing that stops reduced to some- one’s head). This is the language of a bad guy with a thing as simple as the people who govern and legislate gun is a good guy “good” or “bad,” as one of the most powerful countries with a gun.” though there are absolutes like that, in the world, acting as though it is I put that in quotes because, as and as though people can fall easily a mild, casual thing to just take out you’ve probably heard, that is the into either category, is bad enough. another human being.

I can honestly say I’ve never thought seriously about taking out another person. Maybe in a video game, but not in real life. I simply don’t consider the deliberate murder of another human in so off-hand a manner. It strikes me as a little screwed up. Of course, if it’s a “bad guy” I guess this sort of overthinking is counter-productive to getting something real done, at least in the minds of just one of many extremely powerful groups that dominate the political landscape of that country to our immediate south. I write this because what else is there to do other than spread awareness of the real ramifications of this event? It is not the most succinctly written piece on this issue that you will find, but it is accessible and, if

nothing else, honest. I think that while mainstream media will tell you details about what the NRA has said, they won’t really point out just how screwed up it is. It is at times like these, I think, that we really need to have people plainly say when something is messed up. And this whole NRA-Connecticut thing fits the bill. To anyone still with me, I urge this: contain your outrage. Turn it into the strength and energy to do your best to educate and have thoughtful conversations with those who do not see the significance of this particular incident. Let’s not fight fire with fire, or violence with violence. Let’s just point out plainly how wrong this stuff is, and let’s demand that others do the same.



Comment Editor: Spencer Fernando Contact: / 474.6529

Balance and respect Considering the rise of China Spencer Fernando, staff


he balance of power in the world I mention this because, from peois changing. While Canada’s ple I have talked with on campus, it economy weathered the global seems that there is concern among recession well, the United States some Chinese Canadian students and and Europe suffered dramatic eco- international students from China nomic difficulties and are still mired that the apprehension some feel in near recession regarding China’s conditions. growing role in the We can build Economic world is getting out growth is now of hand. a future of mainly seen in the I think we all east and in parts have to take steps shared peace of the developed to ensure that everyand prosperity. world. And in a one is treated with remarkable shift, respect. So, what is China is projected the best way to get to become the world’s largest econ- to a more balanced understanding, omy, perhaps as soon as 2016. While an understanding based on rational economic predictions are imperfect and reasoned analysis? To start with, and subject to change, it is very likely it is important for students from that for the first time in most of our many different backgrounds to take lifetimes the United States will not the time to talk with eachother. That be the world’s largest economy. will ensure that opinions are based on While a changing balance of facts, not fear. power in the world can be concerning, This is essential; one of our it is important for that concern to be strengths as a country is that we don’t expressed in constructive ways. allow fear or uncertainty to turn into History is full of examples of peo- hate and division. This is why we have ple reacting to a changing balance become the world’s most welcoming of power in fearful and sometimes nation. It is important to hold onto prejudicial ways. While it is under- that, and to remember that Chinese standable that seeing new countries Canadians contribute tremendously rise to prominence is a jarring expe- to our country and help make Canada rience for some, it is not helpful for stronger. This is far more important that concern to turn into fear, anger, than any changes in the global econand paranoia. omy or international politics.

As the balance of power in the world shifts, we must stay true to our values as Canadians. It is important to note that the changing balance of power can have positive effects. China’s dynamic and growing middle class presents enormous opportunities for Canada. More trade and growth can mean more jobs across a wide range of sectors. The growth of China’s middle

class means there will be greater and greater demand for energy – something Canada is uniquely prepared to provide. China contributes immensely to the world economy, and these contributions will continue to grow over time. Collaboration and mutual prosperity are the goals we must strive for. Indeed, there is no greater time than now to seize the opportuni-

ties of trade, collaboration, and investment. Going forward—by strengthening the ties that help bring Canada and China closer together, and cultivating an attitude of respect towards eachother, we will create a future of shared peace and prosperity.

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Science & Technology Editor: Bryce Hoye Contact: / 474.6529

Science & technology

SERF in motion International sea-ice experiment launched on U of M campus Bryce hoye, staff

10th marked the beginning January of a three-week-long experiment at

lously calculated and precise design, equipped with highly sensitive instruthe Sea-ice Environmental Research ments that allow researchers like Facility (SERF) on Wang to control the University of and monitor every ‘The ice could Manitoba’s Fort aspect of the experiGarry campus. mental basin. be a barrier, The project is an With the help could be a international colof a retractable laboration between roof, researchers are facilitator, U of M researchcapable of shielding ers and researchers the pool from harsh could be a from as far afield snowfall that could reactor.’ – Fei as Denmark and spoil the desired Germany to simusea-ice conditions, Wang, SERF late Arctic sea-ice or even cover half project leader formation in an outof the basin to door laboratory setcompare frozen and ting at the SERF. unfrozen seawater Professor Feiyue Wang is the proj- side-by side. ect leader and one of several prinThe roof is one of many tools that cipal investigators studying Arctic allows Wang et al. to protect the sursea-ice at the SERF, including Soren face waters during the early formation Rysgaard, David Barber and Tim of ice and “frost flowers,” as well as to Papakyriakou, as well as their many help maintain the salinity and chemitechnicians and graduate students. cal composition of waters at SERF to Generally, in order to study Arctic near-Arctic seawater levels. sea-ice conditions these U of M Unlike in the vast expanses of the Mercury in the Arctic of their diet, and they get exposed Wang describes frost flower formaresearchers would spend their sum- Arctic, SERF scientists also have the Wang has been working in the to mercury.” Wang adds, “although tion: “concentrated salt ejects from mers aboard the Canadian Research luxury of pouring controlled amounts Arctic for years studying sea-ice. As [Arctic marine mammals are] far the surface [waters], and the water Icebreaker an environ- away from the industrial sources, the vapour then condenses on it. It looks Amundsen mental chemist, mercury concentrations in these ani- really pretty but chemically it’s also (CRIA), colWang looks at mals is very high – much higher than very interesting.” lecting and chemical pro- what we see in animals in southern “If we think about seawater it’s very analyzing ice cesses and how regions.” salty, [but] if you test a frost flower it cores and a contaminants can be anywhere between two to six variety of other such as mer- Frost flowers and contaminants times saltier than the sea water itself,” data pertaining cury circulate at the SERF Wang remarks. The hypothesis—one to sea-ice in the t h rou gh a One of the currently unanswered along with many others to be modArctic. sea-ice envi- questions Wang and others' research eled using the SERF—is that the While they ronment. seeks to address relates to the mecha- densely concentrated brine of the are still carry“Particularly nism by which atmospheric mercury frost flowers could promote chemiing out research with the sea-ice makes its way into the food chain of cal reactions with the atmosphere at expeditions melting so fast Arctic marine biota. the air-water interface. of this kind, in the Arctic,” “Just because you have mercury “There’s no easy way to study this Wa ng a nd Wang reflects, in the atmosphere does not mean it [but SERF] provides a beautiful his colleagues “what does that will make opportualso m a nmean for the it into the nity,” aged to secure contaminant food chain. remarks f unding in levels in the Somehow Wang. 2008 from the marine eco- that merWeather Canada Foundation for Innovation of contaminants and tracers into the system? The northern people rely on cury has permit(CFI)—the main federal funding water to monitor chemical pathways [marine animals] as their traditional got to get ting, the agency supporting university infra- and how they transfer through the way of living.” into the SERFers structure in Canada—and completed water column, through the ice, into One of the major contaminants of ocean, and hope to construction of SERF in December the surrounding atmosphere and vice the Artic is mercury. According to most of study frost of 2011. versa. Wang, staple food species of northern the time flower phe“We could introduce [non-radioac- communities such as beluga whales that ocean nomena on “It's the only [facility of its kind] tive] mercury into [the SERF] pond, bioaccumulate large concentrations of is covered campus in the country." – Feiyue Wang, a very small amount, still essentially mercury in their fat stores as a result in ice. The over the SERF the same level we see in nature, but of their fish-based diet. This results ice could course of “[There’s] really not much to see,” we can add stable isotopes of mercury,” from a cascade effect, where mercury be a barJanuary. remarks Wang in an interview at states Wang. “Then we can tell how deposited into Arctic waters from rier, could Depending the SERF with the Manitoban. that mercury transported through the atmosphere and/or surrounding be a facilion how Gesturing out over the partially fro- seawater: once the ice forms, how it environment makes its way into the tator, could things zen pool, Wang adds “but it’s quite a transported into the sea ice and into algae food sources of zooplankton; be a reactor go, Wang costly project – about $1.5 million total. the brine, and then describe how that the zooplankton is then consumed by [emphasis hopes Most of the money went towards the whole transport process happened,” the fish which are then consumed by added].” they’ll “be concrete [foundation].” Wang concludes. the whales. Northern communities It is able to The SERF is not the most visually Despite a love for the field and depend on these large marine species hypothdevelop stimulating in its iceless, preparatory the privilege of breaking through the for food, resulting in proportionally esized by the sea-ice research com- further hypotheses [ . . . ] to test a state. At around 18 metres long, 9 Arctic sea-ice aboard the Amundsen, higher blood mercury concentra- munity that crystalline frost flower mechanistic model so we can premetres wide, and 2.5 metres deep, the “as scientists we always want to have tions amongst northern community structures—which form along the dict how young ice and frost flowers SERF at first appears to be a simple— some kind of controllability,” Wang members. exposed seawater surface—might in facilitate that process.” though heavily reinforced—concrete explains. “In the field [. . .] it’s almost “It’s neurotoxic; it accumulates in some way facilitate the transference of For more information on SERF go to pool; its edges are lined with various impossible to reproduce the same set high trophic level animals [i.e. top of atmospheric mercury into the Arctic apparatuses and platforms, the basin of data because there is so much vari- the food chain predators] like beluga ocean and food chain. filled to the brim with saltwater. But ability there.” whales and seals, and northern people Frost flowers grow as the ice first this simple facade conceals a meticuof course need these animals as part forms. Peering over SERF’s pool, photos by beibei lu


Science & Technology

VOL. 99 ½ NO. 18 January 16, 2013

Science opinion: NRA prevents researchers from studying gun violence Laura Groening


he horror of the Sandy Hook longer be an excuse for doing nothing. school shooting shook the United The fact that we can’t prevent every States, and act of viohas initiated a lence doesn’t Federal funding for fierce debate mea n we on gun concan’t steadily firearms research was trol south of reduce the abruptly cut short the border. violence.” Politicians The presiby an amendment a nd l a wdent’s words passed in 1996, which makers have remind us the difficult that despite effectively removed job of rising overwhelmabove the ing grief and US $2.6 million from horror to ask a feeling that the CDC’s Injury hard quessuch an event tions about is senseless, Center budget, how and why there is cause the exact amount this event a nd c onhappened text to every spent on firearmsand how we situation. related research can prevent it In order to from happenmake effecthe previous year. ing again. tive policy President changes Barack we need to Obama has boldly stated, “The fact understand these factors objectively. that this problem is complex can no A considerable body of research

was conducted from 1985 to 1997, in 1996, effectively withdrawing US can be done without encroachduring which time the U.S. Center $2.6 million from the CDC’s Injury ing on the rights of legitimate gun for Disease Control and Prevention Center budget, the exact amount ownership. (CDC) funded a series of studies on spent on firearms-related research Dickey’s reasoned call for fedgun violence in the United States. the previous year. erally-supported firearm research During this period, a report pubIn case this was not clear enough is unfortunately rare. His is a sane lished in the New England Journal to researchers with the CDC, the and calming voice amongst a sea of of Medicine found that people who final amendment included the clause Alex Jones’, the radio host who has kept firearms in their home had a 2.7 that stated, “None of the funds made gone viral for his “debate” with Piers times greater risk of homicide than available for injury prevention and Morgan earlier this week. Arguments those who did not have guns in their control at the Centers for Disease provided by the NRA for gun ownerhome. Control and Prevention may be used ship largely appeal to emotion and These results, although based on to advocate or promote gun control.” when feelings run high, it can be easy careful analysis and published in The amendment was submitted to whip the public into a gun-buying, peer-reviewed journals, went against by former Arkansas Republican heat-packing frenzy. the arguments for gun ownership Congressman Jay Dickey, a self-deSupporting research is not a wildly that have been perpetuated by the scribed “point person” for the NRA leftist idea, as the NRA would have National Rifle Association (NRA) gun lobby. Dickey has since changed you believe but, rather, a way to invessince the 1970s. his mind about supporting science tigate the cause of gun violence and Following these research find- on firearms research, and published work towards reducing the number of ings, politicians backed by the NRA an article with co-author Mark deaths caused by guns in the United pushed to disable future studies on Rosenberg following the Colorado States in a pragmatic, science-based firearms-related violence due to fear movie theatre shooting entitled, “We manner. Research on firearms can that researchers would find evidence won’t know the cause of gun violence only provide more dispassionate to support and enforce stricter gun until we look for it.” In the article, answers to the difficult questions control measures. Federal funding Dickey reiterates the importance of America must ask in the face of gunfor firearms research was abruptly studying the many variables involved related tragedy. cut short by an amendment passed in gun violence and argues that this

TMI Too much information? Spencer Fernando, staff

Between the birth of the world and 2003, there were five exabytes of information created. We [now] create five exabytes every two days. See why it’s so painful to operate in information markets? –Google CEO Eric Schmidt


o put that quote in perspective, five exabytes of information is the equivalent of 250,000 years of DVD quality video. Chances are you have a smartphone. If so, you have access to more information in the palm of your hand than any other generation at any time in history. Entire libraries, the collected wisdom of entire nations, all in the palms of our hands. We don’t think about it often, yet it is incredibly important. This information explosion has lead

to an amazing expansion of choice is that the internet—and with it the our era either. As Joseph Schumpeter and the democratization of informa- saturation of information—is “dumb- wrote in the Economist, “the Victorians tion. Of course, with the good comes ing us down.” The evidence contra- fussed that the telegraph meant that the bad. dicts this, however. For example, the ‘the businessman of the present day With more average IQ in the must be continually on the jump.’” information United States has And besides, when it comes to there is more increased by 10 information, technology takes a back You have access to multitasking, points since 1985. seat to the human body. According which is shown In fact, the ris- to a study co-authored by Martin more information to increase stress. ing of IQ scores Hilbert from USC and Priscila in the palm Creativity is also is seen worldwide, López of the Open University of taking a hit, as in what is called Catalonia, it was calculated that of your hand people who are in the “Flynn effect,” although humanity can store 295 than any other a situation where which is named exabytes of data—a number with 20 they are unable to after James Flynn, zeroes—at minimum this amount of generation at any focus on one task an American pol- information is “less than one per cent time in history. for a reasonable itical scientist. of the information that is stored in all period of time So, concerns the DNA molecules of a human being are shown to be about too much [emphasis added].” less creative in information—no, The last factor I will discuss is the their handling of tasks. not that kind—may be overblown. democratization of knowledge. Even Another concern we often hear And these concerns aren’t unique to in many of the world’s poorest coun-

tries, large amounts of the population have access to mobile phones and the Internet. A regime like Syria’s cannot hide their atrocities from the world like was once possible. Information flows more quickly and expands more rapidly than ever, and this means the world is able to rally around and support causes in a fraction of the time it once took. And while this also leads to many short-term fads and cause célèbres, it increases accountability in the long run. As always, technology is a reflection of the society and the people that utilize it. Our technology has led to a massive expansion of information, and the way that information is used, in ways both big and small, will define the course of our future.

Science & Technology Editor: Bryce Hoye Contact: / 474.6529

Science & Technology


Reopening the final frontier Private space companies shoot for the Moon 40 years after last Apollo mission Tom Ingram, staff


ast month saw the 40th anni- for March of this year. versary of the Apollo 17 mission. SpaceX is one of three companies December 7, 1972, was the last time (the others being Boeing and the a crewed lunar mission was launched. Sierra Nevada Corporation) competSince Eugene Cernan climbed back ing for a NASA contract to develop a into the Challenger lunar module new crewed spacecraft. While 40 years ago, no human being has these are not set foot on the Moon. However, a going to be new company co-founded by former ready until NASA officials Alan Stern and Gerry at least Griffin and staffed with a number of 2015, prominent space experts has ambitious plans to change that. The company, named “Golden Spike” after the last spike driven into the U.S.’s First Transcontinental Railroad, plans to offer “affordable, reliable, and frequent human expeditions to the Moon.” While they only revealed themselves to the public last month, they have been developing their business model since 2010. Golden Spike aims to provide services to nations, corporations, and even individuals at comparatively low costs. In recent years private aerospace other endeavours have advanced by leaps companies, such as XCOR and bounds. The American company Aerospace, are aiming to begin operaSpaceX succeeded in launching a tions much sooner with suborbital spacecraft into orbit and docking space planes. with the International Space Station Golden Spike’s plan isn’t unprece(ISS) in May of 2012. In October they dented. Russia sells seats on its Soyuz carried out their first resupply mission capsules to nations that otherwise to the ISS, and another is scheduled lack the ability to send an astronaut

to the ISS—like Malaysia, South Korea, and the United States—and to wealthy individuals like singing actress Sarah Brightman. Golden Spike’s business

2019 or 2020. enough zeros in his budget,” Pike The cost for a Golden Spike expe- said to Wired. dition (which would cover two crew Rocket technology has not members) would be US $1.4 billion advanced much since the 1960s, Pike the first time, and US $1.6 billion for says, and it is incredible that a Moon each expedition thereafter. By com- landing could be pulled off at a cost parison, the Apollo program an order of magnitude lower than the cost about US $18 Apollo missions. Raising the money billion to get started is also a problem. One source estimates that they will need hundreds of millions of dollars, and the companies seeking to land robotic probes on the Moon for Google’s Lunar X PRIZE have had trouble raising even a fraction of that. Regardless of whether or not Golden Spike can manage to do it, they are going to try. Recently they per announced that they are contracting Moon Northrop Grumman, the aerospace landfirm that built the lunar lander for ing. the Apollo program, to design a new lunar lander for use on Golden Spike model Golden expeditions. The SpaceX Falcon is similar. Spike intends to reduce costs Heavy, a new launch vehicle which Their custom- so drastically by using as much pre- is supposed to undergo testing this ers would have a existing technology as possible. Only year, could potentially bring down variety of reasons for buying a ticket a few things, such as the landing the cost of a lunar mission. to the moon – national prestige, sci- module and the space suits, will need It’s an unlikely, ambitious plan, ence, mining, and even individual to be designed from the ground up. but if it works out, there could be bragging rights. Their research sugAre their goals realistic? John Pike, people on the Moon again in less gests that there is a possibility of 15-20 a prominent American space policy than a decade. expeditions in the decade after their expert, doesn’t think so. initial landing, which is planned for “I would say that Stern doesn’t have illustration by justin ladia

EPA chief steps down Rumours of protest over Keystone pipeline Tom Ingram, staff


isa P. Jackson, the U.S.’s top envi- since the pipeline crosses an interronmental regulator, is stepping national border, the EPA is one of down as head of the Environmental several organizations advising the Protection Agency (EPA), effective U.S. government on the matter. later this month (following President Jackson has been a vigorous Barack Obama’s State of the Union opponent of the pipeline. In address). An anonymous source told July 2010, the EPA called the the New York Post that her resignation State Department’s environis a protest of the impending approval mental assessment of Keystone of TransCanada Corporation’s con- “inadequate.” She stated, “This troversial Keystone XL pipeline. isn’t a little tiny pipeline. This A spokesperson for Jackson denied is a pipeline that cuts our counany connection and referred to try literally in half.” Last year, Jackson’s official statement of wanting the plan for the pipeline was to “pursue new challenges, time with rejected, but Obama invited her family and new opportunities.” TransCanada to submit a The EPA is the organization that new plan that would avoid implements environmental laws Nebraska’s delicate Sand Hills in the U.S. by writing regulations. region. They did, but this plan Jackson was appointed as its admin- has not eliminated the conistrator in 2008, at the beginning of troversy – it still crosses the Obama’s presidency. Due to her lead- Ogallala aquifer, an important ership, the organization created new source for drinking water and regulations on mercury emissions irrigation. and toxic pollutants from coal-fired The new plan has been power plants. In 2010 she defended approved by the State of the EPA against a bill that would Nebraska, and TransCanada have prevented them from regulat- is now waiting for the go-ahead from ing carbon emissions. Though the the State Department. According to State Department controls the final the Post’s source, Jackson believes that decision on the Keystone pipeline the project will be approved this time,

possibly around March or April. Keystone XL is a proposed 1,897 kilometre pipeline running from Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City,

Nebraska. TransCanada plans to have it in operation by 2015. It is part of the larger Keystone pipeline project, which splits off at Steele City into two

pipelines – one heading to Illinois, it, according to Carleton University and the other through Cushing, economist Andre Plourde. On the Oklahoma to the gulf coast of Texas. U.S. side, Keystone is expected to These parts of the pipeline network produce jobs in the Midwest and are already in operation, and reduce reliance on oil from hostile construction started last sum- Organization of the Petroleum mer on a segment running Exporting (OPEC) countries. from Oklahoma to Texas. The Globe and Mail reports that a There is already one Washington source does not believe Keystone pipeline running Jackson’s resignation is a protest but, from Hardisty to Steele City, rather, suggests it is due to job-related taking a detour through fatigue. Others have suggested that Manitoba. The Keystone XL it is due to a scandal over Jackson’s segment is another pipeline use of a secret email address under a with the same end points false name, perhaps to avoid freedom but a more direct route. This of information requests. segment was approved by In any event, Keystone could Canadian regulators in 2010. face a new threat in John Kerry, who The purpose of the Keystone is expected to soon be confirmed project is to remove the pipe- as Hillary Clinton’s successor as line bottlenecks that are caus- Secretary of State. Kerry has been ing Canadian crude oil to trade a vocal proponent of environmental at discounted rates, which costs policy and promised in 2011 to look Alberta more than $3 billion at “every possible economic and enviand the Canadian economy ronmental consideration before a final almost $20 billion annually. decision is made” on Keystone XL. As the oil sands production steadily increases (it is expected to double by 2020), it becomes more economically crucial to find places to send the oil and ways to transport photo by eric vance

Arts & Culture Editor: Kara Passey Contact: / 474.6529

Arts & Culture


Heartbreak and pick-me-ups Music review: JP Hoe’s Mannequin Jenna Diubaldo, staff

one Winnipeg musician JPthatHoehasisbeen steadily growing in

popularity over the past six or seven years and his new album Mannequin is one example of why this is. Hoe continues to create music that

is catchy and beautiful while maintaining a dark element that evokes emotion and destroys any notion that the genre of pop is disposable without exception. The album begins slowly like

a lullaby to coax you out of bed in the morning with the song “Bingo Palace,” and then immediately picks up speed with sing-along track “I Only Did It For Love.” Hoe bounces back and forth between love and heartbreak, with random pick-me-ups peppered in between in songs like “Lions and Tigers” and “Bittersweet.” Tracks like “Learn To Let You Go” and “Nothing’s Gonna Harm You” show off a different, more mature side to Hoe’s songwriting capabilities that have only become stronger as time has passed, whereas “Conversation” is quite reminiscent of his earlier work. The album comes to a close like a calm evening as you begin to fall asleep with songs like “Veils On The Way” and “Goodbye or Goodnight,” the latter seemingly influenced by the likes of the Beatles during their Sgt. Pepper’s era. Mannequin is without a doubt Hoe’s strongest album to date, and that being said I’m excited to see what he comes out with next because I’m sure it will be even better than the last.

VOL. 99 ½ NO. 18 January 16, 2013

Arts & Culture


No Place Like Home CV2 Magazine’s new issue concentrates on Winnipeg-based writings Katy MacKinnon


n Jan. 11, CV2 Magazine of the issue.” (Contemporary Verse 2: The The current issue highlights an Canadian Journal of Poetry and Critical interview with Winnipeg musician Writing) celebrated Winnipeg poets John K. Samson (the Weakerthans) and visual artists by launching “No taken from the Winnipeg Poet Place Like Home: A Winnipeg Project. Recently Samson Issue.” Published out of Winnipeg, has worked as a Writer-inthe magazine combines poetry with a Residence at the University of variety of interviews and essays in an British Columbia with his wife attempt to increase the appreciation Christine Fellows. He has also of contemporary poetry. composed work for Camerata “We want to spark conversations Nova, a Winnipeg-based choir, that get people interested in poetry, which made its debut in May reading, writing, and understand- of last year. ing how it influences us artistically “[The Winnipeg Poet Project beyond just a traditional sense of is] a series of videotaped interwhat the genre is and what it does,” views with Winnipeg poets says Clarise Foster, editor of CV2 about their creative practice, Magazine. their writing experience, and CV2 remains the only poetry how the city of Winnipeg has magazine that is published nation- shaped their work,” says Foster. ally as well as quarterly. Canadian It will soon be available online poets and artists are featured with an through CV2’s website. emphasis on modern poetry as well as Meira Cook is another discussions and reviews of Canadian artist whose interview can be poetry. In the past, the magazine has found in CV2’s current issue. featured artists from a specific prov- Born in Johannesburg, South ince but this will be the first to feature Africa, Cook immigrated to those from a single city. Winnipeg in the early 90s. She “We have such a vibrant commu- spent time living in Winnipeg where nity of artists,” says Foster. “It was she received her PhD right here at the the inspiration behind the creation University of Manitoba.

Cook has published numerous poetry collections, her most recent being A Walker in the City. Not only is she an accomplished poet, her nov-

els The Blood Girls and The House on Sugarbush Road can be found in the fiction section.

Cook has remained involved with Wolseley and involves a con artist the University of Manitoba since and his wealthy clientele. receiving her PhD. She has taught “In my mysteries, I want a sense creative writing classes and has also of a close-knit community, where participated in the Centre for everyone knows everyone else,” says Creative Writing and Oral Hunter, on the topic of her fiction Culture’s Writer-in-Residence novels. “It increases the number of Program in 2011. Cook holds possible secrets and the intrigue.” literary awards to her name, Samson, Cook, and Hunter are all including being first place in talented poets who have been pubthe CBC’s Literary Awards lished to a wide audience. However, of 2007 and the Walrus Poetry CV2 Magazine’s current issue will Prize in 2012. also be featuring some poets who Also featured in “No Place are enjoying their first publication. Like Home: A Winnipeg Issue” Foster has described Cam Scott, who is Catherine Hunter, a novelist can be found in the current issue, as and poet. Hunter is currently a a “unique talent” and “someone to professor of English and cre- watch.” ative writing at the University of “One of the things CV2 does more Winnipeg, where she received often than most other Canadian literher Masters degree. Her book ary magazines is publish new voices, Latent Heat, a collection of and it is especially gratifying to be poetry, won the McNally able to offer the opportunity to our Robinson Book of the Year readers to experience the work of Award in 1997. [an] emerging Winnipeg poet,” says Not only is Hunter an Foster. accomplished poet, but she has Foster believes that it is important also published four adult fic- to examine where poetry comes from tion novels. Her most recent in order to appreciate the art. CV2 work, Queen of Diamonds, is a mur- Magazine hopes to examine other der mystery novel that takes place cities in depth in the future. in Winnipeg. The novel is set in

Pop Nuit The New Music Festival prepares for its 22nd year with a new concert series Jodie Layne, staff


he New Music Festival will fill “anything goes” type of celebration. ing a new concert series called Winnipeg theatres with music For those who may have previously Pop Nuit. starting on Jan. 28 and in its 22nd been wary of the festival or igno“I’m hoping that this new year the festival still lives up to the rantly believed symphonic music component sets the same precword new in its not to be excit- edent in quality that the rest name. ing – the New of the festival is able to boast,” “Every year Music Festival says Matt Schellenberg, Pop “It’s an odd thing, is completely might just be the Nuit organizer and member trying to be different,” says thing to change of Royal Canoe. Vincent Ho, coyour mind. The concert series will have innovative within curator for the Aside from two shows: Sarah Neufeld of festival, alongfeaturing well- the Arcade Fire with Jesse the pop genre side Alexander known, award- Krause, and Royal Canoe since for the most Mickelthwate. winning pieces, with Tasman Richardson. “Each year has its the festival will Richardson is a video artist part it’s a genre own personality also feature an who uses MIDI technology that celebrates and this year I evening with to trigger film clips, which would say that dancers from the Schellenberg describes as being formulaic, every night has Royal Winnipeg “like putting them in a drum but it’s a challenge its own personBallet on stage, machine.” ality. We really one of the world’s “It’s an odd thing, trying we take seriously.” wanted to curate most celebrated to be innovative within the each evening to percussionists— pop genre since for the most be able to stand Evelyn Glennie, part it’s a genre that celebrates on its own.” the youngest woman to receive the being formulaic, but it’s a It will be Ho’s sixth year as the title of “Dame”—and Radiohead challenge we take seriously,” composer-in-residence with the member Jonny Greenwood present- says Schellenberg. Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra ing the North American premiere The band will be perform(WSO), and he says that every year of his score for the film There Will ing Beck’s Song Reader – a new album is more exciting. Be Blood. released solely on sheet music. Ho describes the festival as an This year, the WSO is introduc“We were looking for something

different than our regular set to perform for the festival. [ . . . ] There was some hesitation in not knowing what

the material would be like, but he had released an article in the New Yorker giving freedom for anyone to interpret it however they’d like and we certainly have.” Schellenberg and the WSO hope that Pop Nuit will not just be a grittier, after-hours component of the festival, but show that the New Music Festival is about showcasing music that is pushing boundaries, even if it comes from different genres – or in the case of Royal Canoe, sometimes defying genres. The hope is that younger fans will also be introduced to the WSO and the more classical works that make up the festival. “Music is communication, and that’s why it really works at any level of intricacy, but classical music, perhaps along with jazz, is the most advanced vocabulary music has to offer,” says Schellenberg.


Arts & Culture

Arts & Culture Editor: Kara Passey Contact: / 474.6529

Bringing sexy back Les Sexy to release their new album, Polychrome Jenna Diubaldo, staff

and mastering and Vanda Toews did more for us than we deserve with the design and layout of the album artwork. I’m sure I’ve ticked off all of the friends and family who have been there throughout for us that I don’t mention here as well. Hopefully we’ll be forgiven. M: How was that experience?

forming ourselves for you. It will be a party! And if you’ve never seen Bloodshot Bill live, get ready! The man is a rock and roll force to be reckoned with! That’s why Les Sexy are opening the festivities. We’ll whet your appetite... M: The band has evolved a bit over the years. How do you feel the current lineup adds to your sound?

DH: On a personal level, recording can be pretty cruel because it makes DH: What’s always been the unityou really pick apart what you do, ing factor for Les Sexy is the music, but it’s super rewarding at the same no matter who’s playing drums time. For Les Sexy, I think it came or guitar. Making it and loving it. to everybody We’ve grown quite naturally – through the last “What’s always well, somewhat. four or so years. T here were We are tighter been the uniting some technical and maybe a factor for Les Sexy problems little bit more a nd delays proficient, but is the music, no that brought we’re also havdeadlines a bit ing just as much matter who’s closer, but I think fun, maybe a bit playing drums that also allowed more. us to hunker or guitar.” down and focus. M: Given that We did what we you’re the only do. We came in, francophone didn’t waste our time, got it done as member of the band, why the best we could and managed to still decision to play rock and roll en have crap loads of fun doing it! français? M: Where did the name Polychrome come from?


es Sexy are bringing sexy back… to punk music that is. This francophone punk band released their first LP on Transistor 66 in April, 2012, and proved that punk is the same in any language – fast, loud, and dirty. Les Sexy are now ready to release their follow-up full-length album, Polychrome, with a sexy CD release party happening this month featuring a performance by Montréal rocker Bloodshot Bill who is being flown in specifically for this event. You heard that right, folks – two full-length albums released by this group in less than a year. Now that’s sexy. The Manitoban was able to ren-

dezvous with lead singer Danyel Huberdeau and here’s what this sexy beast had to say about being a French punk rocker, recording their new album, and their upcoming CD release show.

would get from us at a live show, only with the opportunities provided by recording in studio, and with better knowledge this time around. Yes, we’ve gotten better at what we do, we better have, but the energy’s remained the same. We may have tweaked it up a notch on this one though!

The Manitoban: Given that Polychrome is your second release, how do you feel that this album differs from your first?

M: Where was the album recorded and with whom?

Danyel Huberdeau: I don’t believe that it’s a question of divergence more that it is about progression. The intent in recording Polychrome was the same as it was for our first album. We wanted to keep it as close to what you

DH: For this one, we recorded with Robert Hill in his studio. Merci, Bobby for getting it all down for us. But yeah, he’s not the only one we have to thank either. Greg Arcade very satisfyingly killed it with his mix

DH: From the title of the song, not that the idea behind the name is defined by the song itself. We try to keep things as uncomplicated and rock and roll as possible. Polychrome sounds sexy, punk and roll, and just a little bit ambiguous enough to suit. At the same time, we do work at being as far from monochrome in our music as we possibly can. M: What can fans look forward to at your album release party? DH: Wild abandon! Well, maybe. We don’t normally play that early in the evening. What can you expect from Les Sexy? We’re going to be putting it on the line and outper-

DH: Because we like it? I could talk about cultural roots and building bridges. It is part of the discussion, but it’s not nearly as complex as that. I’ve been in bands where what we did was essentially in English, but I found that for a lot of songs I could better express myself en français. These three guys let me do that and it works. All four of us have grown up listening to rock and roll and punk from anywhere and everywhere, that’s our influences so it shows through what we do. Check out the Polychrome album release show featuring Les Sexy and Bloodshot Bill at the West End Cultural Centre on Jan. 18. Tickets available at Music Trader, Into the Music, and Ticketmaster.

VOL. 99 ½ NO. 18 January 16, 2013

Arts & Culture


Tonight we are One! U of M grad plans party to raise funds for One! International Poverty Relief Michelle Gazze


n Friday, Jan. 25, a charity event called Tonight we are One! will be held at Norwood Community Centre to raise funds for One! International Poverty Relief, a non-profit organization that teaches literacy to children in the slums of Mumbai. The event is being organized by University of Manitoba graduate Priya Tandon, who is now in her final year of the Creative Communications program at Red River College. As a requirement for graduation, students are expected to complete an independent professional project of their choice and for Tandon the choice was obvious. Tandon chose to combine her passion for helping others and her public relations skills by organizing a charity event for One! International. “My parents raised me to acknowledge the worth of every human being and their right to an education. If we have the opportunity to help in any way we can – we should,” said Tandon. At the age of four, Tandon and

her family immigrated to Canada providing all the necessities needed, from India in search of new oppor- such as clothing, vitamins, and tunities. She has always wanted to medical needs so that the children give back to her culture and com- can focus solely on education. munity while making a positive Tonight we are One! is One! contribution to India’s future. International’s first charity event “I believe we have a responsibility in Winnipeg and all proceeds raised to care for one another and enjoy from the event are being donated t h i s w orld to One! together.” International. Tandon The event will “I believe we have first heard of be emceed by a responsibility to the Canadian103.1 Virgin based cha rR ad io host care for one another it y a f ter a Adam West friend gained a n d Ta n i a and enjoy this firsthand volSpilchen. The world together.” unteer experifounder of One! ence for the International organization will also be in India. After hearing about her in attendance as a guest speaker. positive experience, Tandon met Tickets are $30 and include appetizwith One! International’s founder ers, dinner, and dessert provided by in Edmonton last year and left the Clay Oven and performances from meeting inspired and motivated to local artists and dancers from the organize the event. South Asian community. One! is currently helping over 400 To find out where to purchase tickchildren and their families attend ets check out the Tonight we are One! two of their schools. Through opera- Facebook page or follow @ToniteWeAre1 tional support they are committed to on Twitter.

The problem with “virginity” Jodie Layne, staff


oing something for the first virginity seems like it should keep remain a virgin until marriage as a other types of physical intimacy is time can be significant: driv- people safe – abstinence is the only commitment to “myself, my future problematic. One of the most coming a car, leasing an apartment, the 100 per cent, surefire way to prevent children, my future husband, and mon things that I’ve heard when first time you totally mess up your pregnancy and STIs, after all. In real- God.” It’s not just church culture that talking to my friends of all genders hair with an at-home dye job (maybe ity, quite the opposite is true. The values virginity though, this senti- is the simple truth that sometimes a it’s just me on that preoccupation with ment is everywhere, from the word good make out session or the act of last one). But doing virginity, specifi- “slut” intending to be an extreme giving or receiving oral sex can be just something for the cally with the vir- insult, to police asking what women as, if not more, intimate than interThere is no first time can also ginity of girls and were wearing or if they were virgins course. For some people I speak with, working medical be completely young women, is at the time of their rapes, to our total depending on the circumstances, forgettable and hurting their self- obsession with whether or not teen there is a huge difference between definition of unimportant, too: image and ability celebrities have had sex. Aside from “just screwing” and “making love.” what virginity shaving your legs, to seek pleasurable being a gross analogy, there are flaws Then there’s the whole issue of wearing deodorant, sexual experiences; in that argument and a total erasure people who are queer; if they never is. Anywhere. getting a cell phone abstinence-only of certain people’s sexual realities. have P-in-V sex, then are they still (or maybe your first education actuThere is the issue of what consti- virgins? Looking at virginity outf lip Nokia really ally increases teen tutes virginity; it is widely accepted side of the context of heterosexuality was earth-shattering). The question pregnancy and birth rates. that being a virgin means never hav- makes things infinitely more complitoday is: why do people still cling to Spending my adolescence volun- ing a penis in your vagina or vice cated, but does make one thing more the idea that, for everyone, virginity tarily immersed in evangelical church versa. There is, however, no working clear: that virginity is a weird thing is an earth-shattering and important culture, I heard every argument for medical definition of what virginity and pretty much useless. I think that event? “staying pure” and “saving myself.” I is. Anywhere. The idea that P-in-V you learn countless things about On the surface, the idea of valuing made a virginity pledge at age 14 to intercourse is somehow different from yourself, relationships, love, and

people through sexual activity and to define penetrative sex as the defining moment that you start learning them seems ridiculous. Waiting to have sex until you’re ready is wise; waiting until you’re married—if you plan to be married—or until you’re in a long-term committed relationship are both completely legitimate decisions. However, I think everyone will be better off when we stop using a meaningless term to describe someone’s sexual experience or lack thereof. Defining our own sexuality by the pleasure we get from it, the joy and playfulness we experience with it, and the connections we make—when we choose to, on our own terms—seems much more accurate. You can confidentially submit a question or topic to jodie.m.w.layne@gmail. com.


Arts & Culture

Arts & Culture Editor: Kara Passey Contact: / 474.6529

Event Listings Friday, Jan. 18

The Windsor Hotel




Wednesday, Jan. 16

Sunday, Jan. 20

Friday, Jan. 18 – 25


The Gas Station Theatre

Cre8ery Gallery & Studio

Blisters / Hana lu lu / Somebody Language

Sign Up & Stand Up by Tyson Caron film premiere

58” to the Centre

THE BARRELHOUSE: DJ Mama Cutsworth and DJ Dryhump

Wednesday, Jan. 16

Friday, Jan. 18 – Feb. 16

The Windsor Hotel


Haunter / Pop Crimes / The Ugly Brothers

be.still by Winnipeg’s Pinhole Artist Collective

Friday, Jan. 11 – Feb. 16

Friday, Jan. 11 – Feb. 15



Y WG – The Quiet Influence

Escutcheon Athletics and the Toms & Bitches of Turtle Island

Thursday, Jan. 17 The Windsor Hotel The Hoots / The Bad Nerves

Friday, Jan. 18

Friday, Jan. 18 – 30

West End Cultural Centre

The Edge Gallery and Urban Art Centre

Les Sexy album release party with Bloodshot Bill

Titanium Whitetail

Monday, Jan. 21 The Mondragon Unist'ot'en Resistance Solidarity Dinner

Saturday, Jan. 20

Friday, Jan. 18 – 26

Thursday, Jan. 17 – Feb. 16

The Windsor Hotel

artbeat studio (62 Albert St., 4th floor)

Gallery 1C03

Sabbatory / Zombie Assault / Solanum

nine lives

Work by Frank Shebageget

Graphics Editor: Silvana Moran Contact: / 474.6775



Lauren boulet

emilie st. hilaire

PHOTO —of the—


Sports Forever By Marc Lagace Do you have a super awesome photo that you want the world to see? No matter if you took it using your camera or your smart phone, send your “PHOTO OF THE WEEK” to PHOTO@THEMANITOBAN.COM.

Sports Editor: Marc Lagace Contact: / 474.6529



Bisons stampede past Cougars 24 goals scored between Mount Royal and Manitoba Derek Gagnon, Staff

photo by beibei lu


Advertising – Media Management Alternative Dispute Resolution Event Management Fashion Management & Promotions Financial Planning Global Business Management Human Resources Management International Development Marketing Management Public Administration


ooking to cement a spot in the as captain Dane Crowley nursed Deckert came in for Manitoba, Justin postseason, the Bison men’s a charley horse suffered in Friday Cote likewise for Mount Royal. hockey team hoped to keep up with night’s game. Finally, Joe Caligiuri The third started with a 5-on-3 conference leaders Alberta and got the nod in net in his first game penalty kill for the Bisons that Saskatchewan as they engaged in a action since Nov. 17 against UBC. resulted in the Cougars taking a 7-6 slugfest against the Mount Royal Dalyn Flette got the start in goal for lead, their first of the game. Tyler Cougars on campus at the Max Bell Mount Royal. Dittmer would eventually tie it up Arena this past weekend. If you liked The Cougars started strong, as Jeff and get himself a hat trick by way of goals, there were plenty to keep you Barrett scored on Caligiuri just 1:01 a breakaway goal. The flood of goals satisfied. into the game. Caligiuri was fighting stopped despite numerous shots on Friday night’s game was as one- the puck throughout this contest, an goal, as the teams headed into extra sided as one would expect when a unusual sight for the third year player. frames tied 7-7. 10-5-3 team takes on a 4-14 opponent. The Bisons would respond three minFour-on-four overtime solved Bisons forward Matthew Lowry utes later, as Scott scored his first goal nothing, despite a Bisons power play, would have Cougars’ goalie Justin as a Bison to tie things up. The home so it was off to the extremely open Cote’s number all night, as he opened side grabbed the lead a short time and exciting 3-on-3 overtime. The the scoring 8:27 into the game when later as Bisons set-up man Ian Duval game ended when Jesse Deckert sent a scramble in front allowed him to rushed in, slammed on the brakes, a long pass up from the Bisons’ net to roof one passed the Cougars goalie. and found the trailing Dittmer, who the Cougars’ blue line as Manitoba Lowry added two more in the sec- potted one in from the slot. caught the visitors on a change. Ian ond period to get himself a hat trick. The Cougars tied things up off Duval took the pass in on a 2-on-1 Dylan Kelly got on the scoresheet the stick of Jordon Harrison, but and slid it across to Macaulay who in the first with a beautiful toe drag, the Bisons took the lead into the slapped it in high glove side to send and added another on a breakaway first intermission as Blair Macaulay the spectators in attendance for Minor in the second. Tyler Dittmer scored blazed in and got the puck to Duval Hockey Day home happy with an 8-7 his ninth of the season late in the who again found Dittmer, which lead Bison victory. second period, extending the Bisons’ to another goal, giving the Bisons a The top line of Dittmer, Duval, lead to 6-1. The Cougars' lone goal 3-2 lead after 20 minutes. and Macaulay was on fire on the came when Brenden Turnbull and The scoring had only just begun in weekend, combining for 17 total the Cougars caught the Bisons nap- this slobberknocker of a game. Jeremy points. Coach Mike Sirant was full ping earlier in the second. Schappert made it 4-2 Bisons but less of praise for the line. In the third, the visitors scored than a minute later Barrett responded “Our big scorers came through and just 36 seconds in as Eric Galbraith for Mount Royal to cut the deficit to made the big play to win the game.” showed why he leads Canada West one. Twenty-five seconds later, Blair Sirant was also quick to point in goals by getting his 13th of the year. Macaulay of the Bisons restored the that out Saturday’s game was very Jessie Tresierra cut the margin further, two-goal margin. Again, less than “uncharacteristic” of how the Bisons but the game was never in doubt and a minute later Mount Royal cut the typically play. the Bisons won 6-3. lead to one, courtesy of Harrison. The Rookie Craig Scott spoke after Saturday’s game saw a number Cougars tied it up when captain Kevin Saturday’s game about getting his of changes to the Bisons lineup, as Knopp scored on a short-handed first goal in his first game as a Bison. Bisons assistant coach Brad Purdie breakaway. James Henry then broke “My nerves were just going and all informed the Manitoban that veteran in on a breakaway, deking out Flette of a sudden the puck just squirts out forwards Tyler Feakes and Luke Cain and tucking in a nice backhanded and I have an open net and all I’m would sit out, Feakes with an ankle effort. The goal put Manitoba back thinking about is ‘don’t miss!’” injury and Cain with an academic on top 6-5. The lead was short-lived, Manitoba now sits in third place, commitment. In their place were as Mount Royal responded before the one point back of Saskatchewan. The Austin Lauder and Craig Scott. For period was over. Being tied 6-6 after Bisons next play on Jan. 18 against Scott, the game was his Bisons debut. two periods meant the end of the Calgary at Max Bell Arena. Brock Sutherland played on defence, game for both starting goalies; Jesse


VOL. 99 ½ NO. 18 January 16, 2013










16-4-0 14-6-0 12-5-3 13-7-0 11-7-2 9-9-2 4-15-1 1-17-2









16-3-1 13-6-1 13-7-0 10-7-3 9-8-3 7-9-4 6-11-3 6-12-2

14-0 11-3 10-4 9-5 9-5 8-6 7-7


5-9 5-9 2-12 2-12 2-12

JAN. 18 10:00 PM @ TWU JAN. 19 9:00 PM @TWU






JAN. 18 8:00PM @ CALGARY


JAN. 19 7:00PM @ CALGARY

13-1 12-2 11-3 10-4 9-5 7-7 7-7


JAN. 18 8:00 PM @ TWU

5-9 4-10 3-11 3-11 0-14

JAN. 19 7:00 PM @ TWU

BASKETBALL 10-2 9-4 8-4 8-5 6-6 5-7 5-7 3-9


JAN. 17 10-2 7-5 7-5 6-7 5-7 4-8 3-9 2-11

9:00 PM



Bisons beat Cougars in their own den Manitoba takes four points on road trip to Calgary Derek Gagnon, Staff







aptain Amy Lee and the rest of the Bison women’s hockey team entered this past weekend’s games against Mount Royal sitting fifth in the Canada West conference, just three points ahead of the eighth place Cougars. A sweep would go a long ways for either team, as Mount Royal would push themselves right back into the playoff hunt, while Manitoba was looking to potentially move up in the standings as well. The Bisons were coming off three consecutive victories, while Mount Royal had lost six straight. Friday night’s game stayed rather close throughout the contest, as the teams traded goals. Maggie Litchfield-Medd opened the scoring for the Bisons in the first period, but Mount Royal would respond with just 4.1 seconds remaining in the period to leave the score tied 1-1

at intermission. Lindsay Blight scored her first as a Bison in the second period, but the Royals again tied the score in the third. Caitlin MacDonald restored the Bisons’ lead only to yet again have Mount Royal tie things up a little over a minute later. Manitoba grabbed the lead for good on the power play off the stick of Nellie Minshull, and Litchfield-Medd added an insurance marker, her second of the game, with a short-handed goal, as the Bisons held on for a 5-3 win despite being outshot 26-19. Saturday night’s game started with a strong showing by Manitoba, putting up 10 shots to just three by Mount Royal in the first period, yet the teams entered the second period scoreless. The Bisons soon grabbed the lead as Amy Lee scored her third of the season. Caitlin MacDonald

and Meagan Vestby added insurance tallies and the Bisons were up by three after the second period. A very uneventful third period, in which the teams combined for just nine shots on goal, made it seem as though a shutout was inevitable for Bisons goalie Dée-Ana Marion, but those hopes were dashed with just 14 seconds left in the game as Mount Royal’s Sarah Weninger made the final result 3-1 Manitoba. The Bisons never trailed on the weekend, a testament to the play of their goalie, Marion. Since replacing Leiette Klassen as the Bisons starting netminder, things have been on the upswing for Manitoba. They’ve now won five in a row, but will face a stern test against CIS #1 ranked Calgary next weekend.

11-1 10-2 7-5 6-6 5-7 5-8 2-11 0-12


JAN. 17 11-1 10-3 9-3 8-4 5-8 4-8 3-9 2-10

6:00 PM


BUZZER BEATER After dropping their first game of the weekend against the UBC Thunderbirds 87-61, the Bisons fought off a surging Victoria team in the fourth quarter to clinch a thrilling 82-79 victory. After Manitoba took a commanding 18-point lead in the fourth quarter, Victoria fought back and tied things up with five seconds remaining in the game. With overtime looming, Yigit Ozsayiner got a clean look from the left arc and sunk a three-point buzzer beater that clinched an 82-79 victory for Manitoba. Ozsayiner finished the game with 22 points and six rebounds, while Stephan Walton led all players with a gamehigh 24 points — despite battling a stomach flu in the second half, according to Bison head coach Kirby Schepp. The victory improved the Bisons record to 8-5 on the season. Manitoba currently sits in fourth place in Canada West, and will look to better their playoff prospects when they travel west for a pair of games on Jan. 17 and 19.



VOL. 99 ½ NO. 18 January 16, 2013

Keep your resolution The 2013 Manitoban Hockey Pool

Some tips to help you stay the course! Marc Lagace, staff

Don’t get locked out! SIGN UP TODAY! Rules for the 2013 Manitoban Hockey Pool are as follows: Entrants must select ONE player from each of the categories below. The selected players will then comprise the entrant’s hockey pool team. Each hockey pool team will earn points based on weekly player performance. Players can earn points based on the following criteria:


Goals: 1 point each Assists: 1 point each Penalties: 1 point per two minutes*


Wins: 1 point each Shutouts: 3 points each Games Started: 1 point each

NOTE: All players (including goalies) get points for penalty minutes. Each entry must be submitted to the Manitoban on or before the date of Jan. 18, 2013. Submissions can be made by filling out the following application and dropping it off to the Manitoban office during business hours or by visiting and submitting an online application. The Manitoban office is located at 105 University Centre, behind the Gallery of Student Art. The winner of the 2013 Manitoban Hockey Pool will receive a real life trophy, a picture in the paper, and a number of special prizes! Awards will also be given at the end of the pool to entrants whose team excelled in specific categories (penalty leader, assists leader, etc..).

Name: Email Address: Phone Number: Team Name: First Line: * Alexander Ovechkin (WAS) * Claude Giroux (PHI) * Corey Perry (ANH) * Daniel Sedin (VAN) * Evgeni Malkin (PIT) * Henrik Sedin (VAN) * Ilya Kovalchuk (NJD) *Joe Thornton (SJS) *Jonathan Toews (CHI) * Nicklas Backstrom (WAS) * Rick Nash (NYR) * Phil Kessel (TOR) * Sidney Crosby (PIT) * Steven Stamkos (TBL) * Zach Parise (MIN)

Second Line: * Alexander Semin (CAR) * Anze Kopitar (LAK) * Bobby Ryan (ANH) * Danny Briere (PHI) * Eric Staal (CAR) * Henrik Zetterberg (DET) * James Neal (PIT) * Jason Spezza (OTT) * Loui Eriksson (DAL) * Marian Gaborik (NYR) * Marian Hossa (CHI) * Patrick Kane (CHI) * Patrick Marleau (SJS) * Ryan Getzlaf (ANH) * Shane Doan (PHX)

Third Line: * Blake Wheeler (WPG) * Daniel Alfredsson (OTT) * Dustin Brown (LAK) *Joe Pavelski (SJS) *Jarome Iginla (CGY) *John Tavares (NYI) *Jordan Eberle (EDM) * Martin St. Louis (TBL) * Matt Duchene (COL) * Mike Richards (LAK) * Pavel Datsyuk (DET) * Stephen Weiss (FLA) * Teemu Selanne (ANH) * Thomas Vanek (BUF) * Tyler Seguin (BOS)

Fourth Line: * Adam Henrique (NJD) * Evander Kane (WPG) * Gabriel Landeskog (COL) *James Van Riemsdyk (TOR) *Jeff Skinner (CAR) *Jordan Staal (CAR) * Kris Versteeg (FLA) * Kyle Turris (OTT) * Kyle Okposo (NYI) * Mike Fisher (NSH) * Nathan Horton (BOS) * Ryan O’Reilly (COL) * Taylor Hall (EDM) * Vincent Lecavalier (TBL) * Wayne Simmonds (PHI)

Grinders: * Andrew Ladd (WPG) * Chris Kunitz (PIT) * David Backes (STL) * David Bolland (CHI) * Milan Lucic (BOS) * Ryan Malone (TBL) * Ryane Clowe (SJS) * Scott Hartnell (PHI)

Enforcers: * Chris Neil (OTT) * Daniel Carcillo (CHI) * David Clarkson (NJD) * George Parros (FLA) * Jared Boll (CLS) * Shane O’Brien (COL) * Steve Downie (COL) * Steve Ott (BUF)

Defence 1: * Alex Pietrangelo (STL) * Alexander Edler (VAN) * Dan Boyle (SJS) * Dustin Byfuglien (WPG) * Drew Doughty (LAK) * Duncan Keith (CHI) * Kris Letang (PIT) * Erik Karlsson (OTT) * Shea Weber (NSH) * Zdeno Chara (BOS)

Defence 2: * Dennis Wideman (CGY) * Dion Phaneuf (TOR) * Keith Yandle (PHX) * Kevin Shattenkirk (STL) * Mark Streit (NYI) * Michael Del Zotto (NYR) * P.K. Subban (MTL) * Ryan Suter (MIN) * Sergei Gonchar (OTT) * Tyler Myers (BUF)

Defence 3: * Alex Goligoski (DAL) * Brian Campbell (FLA) * Brent Seabrook (CHI) * Cam Fowler (ANH) * Dan Girardi (NYR) * Ian White (DET) *Jack Johnson (CBJ) * Mike Green (WAS) * Niklas Kronwall (DET) * Victor Hedman (TBL)

Extra Man: * Bryan Little (WPG) * Devin Setoguchi (MIN) *Jamie Benn (DAL) *Jaromir Jagr (DAL) *Jeff Carter (LAK) * Max Pacioretty (MTL) * Patrice Bergeron (BOS) * Michael Cammalleri (CGY)

Starting Goaltender: * Cory Schneider (VAN) * Hendrik Lundqvist (NYR) *Jonathan Quick (LAK) * Marc-Andre Fleury (PIT) * Martin Brodeur (NJD) * Mikka Kiprusoff (CGY) * Mike Smith (PHX) * Niklas Backstrom (MIN) * Pekka Rinne (NSH) * Ryan Miller (BUF)

Back-up Goaltender: * Antti Niemi (SJS) * Carey Price (MON) * Devan Dubnyk (EDM) * Ilya Bryzgalov (PHI) *Jaroslav Halak (STL) *Jimmy Howard (DET) *Jonas Hiller (ANH) * Kari Lehtonen (DAL) * Ondrej Pavelec (WPG) * Tuukka Rask (BOS)

illustration by caroline norman


s the calendar turned over to feel next to impossible. 2013 two weeks ago, people all But, as Bison basketball guard around the world likely had inten- Stephanie Gill says, knowing tions to hit the gym, watch what exactly what’s in the food you eat they eat, and get into a healthier can help you make the right decidaily routine. sion – especially when junk food is While these yearly resolutions tempting you. are great in theory, the reality is If you’ve got a smartphone, there that the majority of folks who pack are dozens of apps available that into gyms on January 2 vowing to break down the calories, sugar, and shed some excess pounds or get salt contents of food, and can help those six-pack abs will have aban- you keep a balanced record of what doned it by the end of the month. you’re consuming on a daily basis. If you’re one of those folks who Knowledge is half the battle. have set goals to get healthier in 2013, and are already feeling the Technology is your friend urge to throw in the towel, the On the subject of smartphone Manitoban—with the help of some apps, if your workout playlist just Bison athletes—have some tips to isn’t motivating you like it used to, help keep you motivated and on it might be worth looking at some track to meet your goals. fitness apps that are out there. If you’re looking to start running Reassess your goals if more, there are a handful of apps they feel too daunting that I’ve tested—available in both In my experience, when people the iTunes and Google Play app set New Year’s resolutions they stores—that can turn your workout tend to set lofty, long-term goals into something you actually look that look good on paper, but are forward to. intimidating once you actually start If you’re a rookie runner looking working towards them. to improve your stamina, an app For Bison basketball forward like “Couch-to-5K” ($1.99) could Caleb Noel, using Laker legend be the perfect tool to get you on the Kobe Bryant as his motivation to treadmills or out on the running push harder in practice and when paths. If you’re looking for a more training is beneficial. Unfortunately interactive experience, there’s the for those of us who aren’t seasoned ingenious “Zombies, Run!” series athletes, staying motivated might of apps (available for most types of require setting realistic goals and smartphone). ideals. What sets “Zombies” apart from Sometimes it can be helpful other running apps is the inclusion to break up your overall goal into of a dynamic story that unfolds as smaller challenges that are not you run. While running with headnecessarily easier to obtain, but phones in, occasionally your music provide you with better feedback will cut out as an audio vignette on a shorter term. It’s the difference tells you your next objective or between working towards running alerts you of zombies in your area. a half marathon and working your The sound of lurching zombies way up from 5-km to 10-km to your means you need to pick up your overall goal. Setting secondary pace or you’re dead meat. goals could be your key to staying You might also find the varimotivated. ety of fitness-related subreddits on to be helpful. Know what you’re From fitness to dietary plans, a putting into your body quick search will uncover dozens When there are fatty, salty of active communities filled with temptations seemingly everywhere valuable information and motivatthese days, eating a balanced diet ing content that should help you and avoiding unhealthy options can stay on track with your goals.

16 January 2013  
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