21 September 2022

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The Official University of Manitoba Students’ Newspaper

photo / Matthew Merkel / staff

Rain or shine, Bisons pull through

Sept. 21, 2022

SINCE 1914

VOL. 109, NO. 6

Vol. 109

No. 6

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF ? editor@themanitoban.com Gillian Brown BUSINESS MANAGER ? accounts@themanitoban.com Dhruv Patel ADVERTISING CO-ORDINATOR ? ads@themanitoban.com Richard Plant

MANAGING EDITOR ? me@themanitoban.com Grace Anne Paizen

COPY DESK ? copy@themanitoban.com Ezra Taves (ed.)

NEWS DESK ? news@themanitoban.com Matthew Merkel (ed.) Colton McKillop (ed.)

RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY DESK ? research@themanitoban.com Elah Ajene (ed.)

COMMENT DESK ? comment@themanitoban.com Ivan Nuñez Gamez (ed.)

ARTS & CULTURE DESK ? arts@themanitoban.com Alex Braun (ed.)

SPORTS DESK ? sports@themanitoban.com applications open see themanitoban.com/jobs PHOTO DESK ? photo@themanitoban.com Ebunoluwa Akinbo (ed.)

DESIGN DESK ? design@themanitoban.com Matthew Doering (ed.)

GRAPHICS DESK ? graphics@themanitoban.com Dallin Chicoine (ed.)

AUDIO DESK ? audio@themanitoban.com Harmatpreet Brar (ed.)

SOCIAL MEDIA DESK ? social@themanitoban.com Jory Thomas (ed.)


The Manitoban is an independent and democratic student organization, open to participation from all students. It exists to serve its readers as students and citizens.

Research & Technology

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Arts & Culture

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The Manitoban is a member of the Canadian University Press, and our journalistic standards can be found online at toban.news/jsp. The newspaper’s primary mandate is to report fairly and objectively on issues and events of importance and interest to the students of the University of Manitoba, to provide an open forum for the free expression and exchange of opinions and ideas and to stimulate meaningful debate on issues that affect or would otherwise be of interest to the student body and/ or society in general. The Manitoban serves as a training ground for students interested in any aspect of journalism. Students and other interested parties are invited to contribute to any section of the newspaper. Please contact the appropriate editor for submission guidelines. The Manitoban reserves the right to edit all submissions and will not publish any material deemed by its Editorial Board to be discriminatory, racist, sexist, homophobic or trans-phobic, ableist or libellous. Opinions expressed in letters and articles are solely those of the authors. Editorials in the Manitoban are signed and represent the opinions of the writer(s), not necessarily those of the Manitoban staff, Editorial Board or the publisher. A “volunteer staff” member is defined as a person who has had three volunteer articles, photographs or pieces of art of reasonable length and/ or substance published in the current publishing year of the Manitoban.


interested in volunteering? email me@themanitoban.com today!

All contents are ©2022 and may not be reprinted without the express written permission of the Editor-in-Chief.


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The Manitoban is the official student newspaper of the University of Manitoba. It is published monthly during the summer and each week of regular classes during the academic year by the Manitoban Newspaper Publications Corporation.

Any individual who qualifies as a volunteer staff member must be voted in by a majority vote at a Manitoban editorial board meeting. Elected representatives and non-students may be excluded from holding votes as volunteer staff members in accordance with the Manitoban Constitution.



News >

September 21, 2022 news@themanitoban.com

Bison Bash concert cancelled Artist pullouts, lack of ticket sales lead UMSU to cancel 4 days before Burt concert Matthew Merkel, staff he University of Manitoba Students’ Union held Bison Bash last week. Formerly known as Frosh, the weeklong event featured karaoke, movies and a night market. However, the concert at the Burton Cummings Theatre was cancelled. In past years, UMSU Frosh concerts have taken place at the the Canada Life Centre, University Stadium and the Max Bell Centre. Past headliners have included Dillon Francis, K’naan, Ludacris, Childish Gambino and Tiësto. The lineup for the concert was announced nine days before the event was set to take place on Sept. 17. Artists Rêve and Mauvey were slated to open for The Happy Fits, a pop-rock band from New Jersey. On Sept. 13, four days before the Bison Bash concert was scheduled to take place at the Burton Cummings Theatre, UMSU announced its cancellation. The Happy Fits’ performance was subsequently moved to the VW Social Club as a part of the UMSU Street Party held on Sept. 16, which sold out a day after the cancellation announcement. Behind UMSU’s decision making, UMSU vice-president community engagement Elishia Ratel said that she and the other UMSU executives began planning Bison Bash in the summer. She explained that throughout the process, hired headliners ended up pulling out, leaving UMSU scrambling for a headliner. When asked why The Happy Fits were chosen to headline the concert, UMSU president Jaron Rykiss reiterated that several artists pulled out of the event, and added that it was UMSU’s desire not to overspend on the concert. With time running out, The Happy Fits responded to UMSU and were booked as a last-minute headliner. Rykiss noted that the band was also cheaper for UMSU and students. With a headliner announced nine days before the concert, Rykiss said that ticket sales remained lower than desired. He said that these low ticket sales showed that students did not want a concert, so UMSU brought the performance to the street party. “The student voice said that they didn’t want a concert,” Rykiss said. “Coming back after three years, it’s really hard for us to know whether or not students want something or they don’t want something, because we

photo / Ebunoluwa Akinbo / staff


haven’t been here. We don’t have precedent to go off of.” The Happy Fits have over 1.7 million monthly listeners on Spotify and just over 30 thousand YouTube subscribers. 2019’s headliners, Tyga and YG, currently combine for over 36 million Spotify monthly listeners and over 15 million subscribers on YouTube. Selling student tickets from $45 to $65, and $75 for non-students, UMSU was able to sell out tier one student tickets priced at $45 for the 2019 concert. This year’s tickets included a price range of $43. When asked if he thought having The Happy Fits as the headliner contributed to the low ticket sales, Rykiss said that there were a number of factors that could have affected the numbers, but emphasized that students showed they were not inter-

ested in a concert. “Our responsibility is first and foremost to the student body, so if the students are saying that they are not interested in something, then we’re not gonna force them to take

was high student turnout and positive feedback for Bison Bash. She also highlighted the success of the karaoke night held at VW’s. Ratel said that the UMSU team has “learned a lot from Bison Bash,” and is looking forward to putting on more events in the coming months. “I think it was a smash hit, it was a really big success,” she said. Rykiss said that he believes Bison Bash has contributed to the cultivation of a campus culture and increased the level of engagement within the student body. He also said that UMSU did everything possible to ensure that security and safety standards were met throughout the event. Rykiss shared that students and UMSU executives alike provided positive feedback throughout the week. He invited any students

“The student voice said that they didn’t want a concert” — Jaron Rykiss, UMSU president it,” Rykiss said. “That would be unfair for them, so we cut the costs, we cut the issues and we made it an event that students were actually excited for.” Both Ratel and Rykiss said that they were happy with how Bison Bash played out. Even though weather conditions forced the cancellation of the quad games and food truck Friday as well as the need to move the outdoor movie and the night market inside, Ratel said that there

who may have questions concerning Bison Bash, future events or the cancellation of the concert to speak with him directly. Rykiss stated that he cannot predict how students will feel towards UMSU post-Bison Bash, however he assured that he will continue to perform his elected role to the best of his ability. “We took the steps to make sure that the student body wasn’t going to be forced to handle something that they didn’t want to handle, and because of that, I think that that shows that we’re listening,” he said. “This was one of those times where it was obvious to us that students weren’t interested, so we made a call so that they wouldn’t have to take the unfortunate circumstances and make them their own. It’s our responsibility to support them, not the other way around.”




Vol. 109, No. 6 news@themanitoban.com

UMSU hardship fund more than half depleted $12,000 of $20,000 fund has already been spent Colton McKillop, staff other general needs such as students often have difficulty he University of Manitoba groceries or school supplies. finding good-paying jobs, and Students’ Union (UMSU) The fund cannot be used to that international students hardship fund is more than cover the cost of tuition, text- specifically have a limited earning potential. half depleted only two weeks books or credit card bills. Karuhogo encourages “International students are into the start of classes due to an increase in students interested students to consult only allowed to work twenty requesting financial aid, UMSU’s website, where they hours in a week, so definitely according to UMSU vice-presi- can access more information that limits their budget,” she dent student life Tracy Karuh- about the fund, including cat- said. egories students can apply for. Karuhogo also said she may ogo. She blamed the increase in ask UMSU to reallocate funds UMSU’s budget allocates $20,000 for the hardship fund applications on inflation and from other areas of the budget each year, and so far $12,000 highlighted the role that ris- where the money is “not being used as much.” has been dis“After Octotributed, much “After October 15, I am able to apply to the ber 15, I am more than is usually spent finance committee and just kind of appeal to able to apply to the finance by this time in them” committee the year. and appeal to The hard— Tracy Karuhogo, them and tell ship fund, them we need administered UMSU vice president student life more money by UMSU’s allocated to a vice-president student life, provides aid to ing rent and grocery prices specific area,” she said. Karuhogo cautioned that students needing emergency play in students’ financial difthe hardship fund “can’t be financial assistance who have ficulties. “Rent is just becoming out- a continuous solution,” and utilized all other resources rageous,” she said. called it a “band-aid for stuavailable to them. As of July, Canada’s rate dents.” Karuhogo said that stu“We do need more longdents may receive up to $500 of inflation was 7.6 per cent, per semester for costs associ- while Manitoba’s was even term solutions when it comes to giving students more jobs ated with child care, health higher at 8.8 per cent. Karuhogo pointed out that or increasing hours for intercare, rent, urgent bills and

photo / Ebunoluwa Akinbo / staff


national students,” she said. “I think [the] hardship fund is just a band-aid for all the situations that students are going through, and the government or the university has to provide more resources for students to get jobs or more opportunities for students to be working.”

If you are in need of financial assistance, visit https:// umsu.ca/services-and-support/hardship-fund/ or email vpsl@umsu.ca for more information news@themanitoban.com

Student group for Latinx and Hispanic students forms Matthew Merkel, staff The University of Manitoba Latinx-Hispanic Student Association (UMLatinx) arrived on campus this month. The group aims to represent Hispanic students as well as students of Latinx background, including people from Central America, South America, Mexico and the Caribbean. UMLatinx vice-president Ivan Nuñez Gamez, comment editor at the Manitoban, said that he helped found the group after learning about other cultural student organizations on campus and realizing that his own community needed one. He said that the goal of UMLatinx is to be a culturally sensitive entity that will advocate for and welcome Latinx and Hispanic students to the U of M. “It’ll give us a voice on campus,” Nuñez Gamez said. “We have the International Student Organization, we have faculty representatives and we have club representatives. We don’t have a Latinx voice in there.”


Nuñez Gamez said that UMLatinx’s ability to organize quickly and connect with students have been the group’s biggest accomplishments so far. However, he recognized that UMLatinx will need more new members if it hopes to have future success. Nuñez Gamez encouraged all Latinx and Hispanic students to join the group. After a flag raising for central American and Mexican independence on September 15, Nuñez Gamez said that UMLatinx will be celebrating Latin American Heritage Month in October. He added that UMLatinx is also in talks with U of M student groups and other external organizations about future partnerships. Nuñez Gamez is hopeful for the future of the UMLatinx. As one of few Latinx and Hispanic student groups in Manitoba, he thinks that the group is in a position to potentially become a helpful organization for students across the province. “I really hope it stays for a

photo / Ivan Nuñez Gamez / staff

Advocacy, welcoming, community building cultural group’s goal

long run,” Nuñez Gamez said. “I hope someone actually is interested in leadership and actually jumps in and takes the rails of this club, because it’s very important. It’s very important for our community.” Pablo Mejia said he joined UMLatinx to meet people and help others. He said that it is often difficult for international students to come to and feel welcome in a foreign country. He hopes that UMLatinx can help make the process easier for newcomers. “The first few weeks it was

hard, and you kind of feel really unencouraged to continue your life here, because you don’t really know anyone,” Mejia said. “You’re new to a university, a new country and you don’t speak the language. Getting to see everyone happy and excited to help each other, it’s really cool.” Mejia said that Latinx and Hispanic people are generally very accepting and welcoming people. He recommends that more students join the group, and explained that it is a great opportunity to meet

people, take part in events and learn about different cultures. “While getting involved you get to meet a lot of people, both international and Canadian,” Mejia said. “Also, you get to share your experience and hear from others, helping you grow as a person and also as a part of the community.”


Research & Technology >

September 21, 2022 research@themanitoban.com

Activist cycles across Canada on solar-powered bicycle Raising public awareness of the effects of climate change on biodiversity Elah Ajene, staff iodiversity — the variation of life on earth at all its levels — is fundamental to a healthy ecosystem and continued life on our planet. However, climate change has posed a threat to biodiversity, leading to its decline at an unprecedented rate and directly altering our environment and wildlife. Around one million plant and animal species are currently at risk of extinction across the globe, and onethird of the Earth’s animal and plant species are projected to become extinct by 2050 as a consequence of global warming. Warmer sea surface temperatures and temperature spikes have made marine species particularly vulnerable. Over the past decade, the rate of sea level rise has accelerated to 3.9 millimetres per year — which has led to increased rates of flooding, shoreline erosion and loss of coastal habitats. As climate change and loss of biodiversity are inseparably connected, international organizations and governments have begun to address and prioritize the conservation of biodiversity. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) — a collection of 17 interlinked global goals adopted by United Nations member states — is attempting to actively preserve our ecosystems and tackle climate change. French activist David Ligouy is an avid advocate of the SDGs, and a member of the non-profit organization Le Mouvement de la Paix. The organization has roots originating from the aftermath of the Second World War. In 2021, the organization, alongside other international organizations, was part of an international appeal urging

photos / Ebunoluwa Akinbo / staff


“It’s life or death, really we have to make it work. We are running out of time, and we have to find simple, cheap, fast-growing solutions” — David Ligouy, Climate activist, member of Le Mouvement de la Paix governments to commit to a significant reduction of their military greenhouse gas emissions. Ligouy was welcomed at the University of Manitoba Fort Garry campus this past Wednesday, coming from Portage la Prairie on his solarpanel-powered bicycle. He said that he has travelled for the past four years, and visited 27 countries so far. “I am doing the promotion

of a project for electromobility, micro-electromobility for vulnerable people from developing countries, especially Mexico,” Ligouy said, going on to say that the bike is also accessible “for handicapped people.” By cycling on his solar-powered bike, Ligouy is actively following some of the SDGs, including the 12th goal — which aims to ensure responsible and sustainable production and consumption patterns. “I don’t contaminate life below water, I don’t contaminate life on land, I don’t contaminate the climate and I’m building peace and justice,” Ligouy said. “By doing what you like, you can impact everything and have a good impact on life.” “This bike is active mobility, it’s good for my physical and mental health,” he added.

Ligouy also explained that the solar-powered bicycle reduces poverty, as gas prices have become increasingly expensive. Ligouy’s master’s degree specializes in green energies for developing countries, and his current project “Bank on the Climate” is raising awareness regarding the effects of climate change on the environment. He said that the project is urging governments to invest in the peaceful transition to fossil-fuel-free energy. His vision is to promote a green, energy-efficient mode of transportation for a future without fossil fuels. “Just the 15th of August, U.S.A. has voted for the climate bill.” Ligouy said. “They are going to reduce by 43 per cent their greenhouse gas, that’s big news. That’s called Paris agreement.”

“I don’t contaminate life below water, I don’t contaminate life on land, I don’t contaminate the climate and I’m building peace and justice” — David Ligouy, Climate activist, member of Le Mouvement de la Paix

Ligouy’s current cycling route heads east to Montreal — over 1800 kilometres away — where he will be attending the United Nations Biodiversity Conference in early December, also known as the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15). COP15 is an international conference where governments from multiple countries will meet to develop new goals and an action plan focused on the protection of nature and biodiversity. “It’s really life or death, really we have to make it work,” Ligouy said. “We are running out of time, and we have to find simple, cheap, fast-growing solutions.” “Electrical production has to be clean, and we have to look for efficient ways to do it,” he said. “For the moment, biodiversity is even more important.” More information on David Ligouy’s project and fundraising efforts can be found at www.bankontheclimate.com. research@themanitoban.com


Editorial >

Vol. 109, No. 6 editor@themanitoban.com

UMSU board got itself into this mess Incident shows board interested in unilateral rather than collective decision-making Colton McKillop, staff


graphic / Dallin Chicoine/ staff

t the end of August, the Canadian Federation of Students filed a lawsuit against the University of Manitoba Students’ Union (UMSU), alleging that UMSU has withheld over $1 million in membership dues since 2018. This is not the first time that UMSU has been sued for withholding substantial fees from the student advocacy organization. After a three-year long dispute ending in 2016, UMSU was forced to pay the federation over $990,000 in outstanding fees. In 2007, the union also settled with the Canadian Alliance of Student Associations (CASA) for an undisclosed sum, again over the issue of unpaid fees after UMSU left the group in 2005. Ironically, the union has considered attempting to rejoin CASA in recent years. Given this history, it was not hard to predict that something like this might happen again when UMSU voted to leave the federation in 2020. They did so without a referendum of U of M’s students, as is required to leave the federation. Particularly questionable was previous UMSU president Brendan Scott’s decision to play hardball with the Canadian Federation of Students, informing the organization that UMSU would not be paying outstanding fees until the federation allowed it to hold a referendum with online voting amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. If anything was likely to trigger a lawsuit, that would the federation before giving opposed defederation. In the Why would UMSU risk easibe it. UMSU’s frustration is students a chance to express absence of a clear directive on ly-foreseeable legal trouble how the students want to be over something that does not understandable. The Can- their opinion on the matter. The UMSU board exists to represented, the default move appear to be a pressing conadian Federation of Students’ refusal to allow online voting represent the students’ will, should have been to main- cern among students? It could have something when in-person voting was not not to make major decisions tain membership until a clear directive was to do with its political differpossible does given. ences with the federation. The come across There is little evidence of a burning This result UMSU board has expressed its as stubborn did not stop disapproval of the federation’s desire among the student body to leave and inflexthen-president advocacy on issues it does not ible, although the Canadian Federation of Students Jakob Sander- consider to be student issues, it makes sense son from pub- such as pipelines or the mingiven the disthat could lead to serious licly advocating that UMSU imum wage. engagement from students legal trouble without consultleave the federation to join UMSU has also criticized during the lack of in-person ing them based on the board’s CASA, despite his assurances the federation for its endorseclasses and campus activities. Other student unions have own perception of what is best earlier that year that defeder- ment of the boycott, divestment and faced legal difficulty attempt- for students. Where does s a n c t i o ns ing to defederate from the Why would UMSU risk easily-foreseeable this apparently m o v e m e nt Canadian Federation of Stulegal trouble over something that urgent need to against Israel’s dents, which has a reputation leave the Canoccupation of being difficult to leave. does not appear to be a pressing adian Federof Palestine, UMSU complained that the concern among students? describing it as federation’s fees are too high ation of Stucome “divisive” and in comparison to other organ- dents from? ating was not on the union’s “ill-considered.” izations like CASA, and argued The most recent stu- agenda. Perhaps it is understandthat it is not as effective at lobdent vote on the issue was There is little evidence of a able that the federation was bying for student issues. a non-binding plebiscite in burning desire among the stuwary when UMSU’s board, However, none of this jus2018, which found that 64 dent body to leave the Canwith whom it has political tifies last year’s board decision to unilaterally pull out of per cent of UMSU members adian Federation of Students. disagreements and which


has long desired to leave the federation, decided to use a moment when students were historically disengaged from campus life due to the loss of in-person school activities to push through a referendum on its own terms. This whole debacle suggests that the UMSU board believes that its authority overrides its duty to allow members to direct its activities. The union is supposed to represent the will of the students, not make major decisions for them. Unfortunately, it appears another lawsuit is needed to remind them of that.





Elishia Ratel

Tracy Karuhogo

Jaron Rykiss

Victoria Romero

Brook Rivard

VP Community Engagement

VP Student Life


VP Advocacy

VP Finance & Operations








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Comment >

Vol. 109, No. 6 comment@themanitoban.com

Avoiding politics is impossible Human beings are naturally political and any effort to deny it will be our demise Ivan Nuñez Gamez, staff remember sitting in my first Model United Nations conference in 2018. It was the Honduran national competition with only 10 committees, yet each analyzed every aspect of one’s life. From balancing religious liberty and 2SLGBTQ+ rights to addressing the rights of linguistic minority groups, that conference broadened my horizons regarding what lies within the political spectrum. When we think of politics, we often associate it with bureaucracy, protocol and authoritative figures such as the reigning monarch or prime minister of the day. Although those concepts and roles are evidently part of the political realm, they are only half the story. It was Aristotle who said that one is “by nature a political animal.” Though I am not one to favour Aristotle’s doctrine, this particular phrase denotes people’s impulse toward partnership, especially to achieve a common goal. Take the Stonewall Riots as a clear example. Before and during the 1960s, the 2SLGBTQ+ community in the United States was forced into hiding — often finding refuge in queer clubs — due to the strict restrictions put in place by the government. It was not until police entered the Stonewall Inn — a welcoming queer bar that enhanced the diversity within its community — through a warrant in 1969 that the community fought back, relentlessly protesting in the area for five more days and paving the way for 2SLGBTQ+ activism. Though protesting and rioting are undeniably political demonstrations, the impact of such is also of political nature. Since 1980, the 2SLGBTQ+ community has gained increasing social acceptance in 56 countries and locations. Furthermore, we have seen an increase in queer representation within our Canadian elected officials. In retrospect, the fact that members of the queer community are not only able to openly express themselves,


graphic / Dallin Chicoine / staff


but also productively engage in government affairs that fall outside the realm of activism for their own community, is political. Not convinced that we are naturally political? Well, what about the ‘Persons’ Case of 1929? In 1929, not all Canadian women held the right to vote, and, in general, were unable to hold public office, least of all be appointed to the Senate. Through the advocacy of Emily Murphy and the “Famous Five,” the Privy Council of Great Britain eventually ratified that under Section 24 of the British North America Act, 1867, women were legal persons and could

be appointed to the Senate. The mere fact, then, that women are fully recognized as people and can exercise all of their rights freely without having to refer to a higher authority for approval is political. New generations have developed a sense of skepticism when it comes to engaging in matters that they deem as political, but the truth is that everything we know today is the result of some level of political action. The fact that people of colour are free to engage in any lawful activity they desire? Political. The fact that there is diversity within our way of thinking, and that we are

able to take part in respectful discussions through our freedom of expression? Political. The fact that we are starting a conversation through a student-led newspaper on how the personal is political? Undoubtedly, political. The only ones affected by political abstention or skepticism are ourselves, as we are denying who we are: political beings. Though the world of politics is well-known for being corrupt and self-serving, I like to believe that this view is narrowly defining what it means to be politically involved. Let’s start conversations on matters that pertain to the well-being of not only us,

but our community at large. Start making changes where you see injustice, or at least have strong opinions about something you are passionate about. Let’s start putting our values and beliefs above anything else. I have come to understand that making change is hard, yet not impossible. The desire for change that I and many others carry is the result of the relentless fighting by those who came before us, and that is as political as it can get.


Diversions >

September 21, 2022 graphics@themanitoban.com

From our archives 100 years ago phdcomics.com

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3 2

5 3 2 7 9 8 1 4 6

7Medium 6

You can find more help, tips and hints at www.str8ts.com


Answer to last issue’s Sudoku 1 2 3 7 4 6 8 5 6 8 9 2 4 1 3 4 1 5 6 9 7 4 1 2 8 9 3 6 7 8 6 3 5 1 4 9 3 7 4 1 5 2 6 7 5 2 3 8 9 2 5 9 6 8 7 3 8 9 4 1 7 2 5

Previous solution - Easy

7 4 2 5 5 3 2 7 3 1Medium 3

STR8TS No. 6135 9 Straights 4 9 79 9 6 2 5 3 6 9 8 31 6 3 1 6 4 53 1


fill the board by entering numbers 9 1 2 3 7 4 6 8 5 17 to 5 69 8such 9 2 that 4 1 3each row, column 8 3 4 1 and 5 6 93x3 7 2box contains 5 4 1every 2 8 number 9 3 6 7 uniquely 2 7 Hidato, 8 6 3 5 fill 1 4 the 9 In board 6 9 continuing 3 7 4 1 5 the 2 8 chain of by 4 6 7 5 2 3 8 1 9to1100 movnumbers from 1 2 5 9 6 8 7 3 4 ing any direction or diag3 8 9 4 1 7 2 5 6 onally to the next number. To Sudoku, the Incomplete Straits, likefill Sudoku, no board by entering numbers 1 to 9 single number can repeat such that each row, column and in box any row every or column. But 3x3 contains number uniquely. rows and columns are divided by black squares into For many strategies, hints and compartments. These need tips, visit www.sudokuwiki.org to be filled in with numbers Ifthat you likecomplete Str8ts check a out “straight.” our books, iPhone/iPad A straight is Apps a setandof nummuch more on our store. bers with no gaps but can be in any order, eg [4,2,3,5]. Clues in black cells remove that number as an option in that row and column and are not part of any straight. Glance at the solution to see how “straights” are formed.

© 2022 Syndicated Puzzles


Sudoku No. 613

Previous solution - Tough





© 2022 Syndicated Puzzles

No. 613


© 2022 Syndicated Puzzles


7 8 9 4 4 9 5 1 2 6 2 3 5 5 2 4 3 8 3 2

5 6 6 3 7 4 8 7 8 9 7 6

How to beat Str8ts – Like Sudoku, no single number can repeat in any row or11column. But... rows and columns are divided by black squares into compartments. These need to be filled in with numbers that

Arts & Culture >

Vol. 109, No. 6 arts@themanitoban.com

Sound art and experimental music for all send + receive festival’s 24th edition presents a wide spectrum of sounds Alex Braun, staff


“Probably half of the people who heard those concerts had no sense of send + receive and didn’t have any predetermined notion of where we fit into the local arts ecology, they just had a peculiar or amusing experience of sound,” Scott said. This communal experience was so rewarding that the festival is once again putting together a free outdoor show, this time as a part of Nuit Blanche. The show will feature local artist Mutable Body, sound artist Pedro Oliveira presenting what Scott described as a “voice-based kind of industrial dub piece” and Sote, an Iranian musician who Scott deemed “one of the foremost electronic composers working today.” The location for the show is a large surface parking lot behind 201 Portage Ave. Scott pointed out that the location requires some serious amplification to get over the street noise, meaning that the program will be presented very loudly. “It’s going to be just massive, and hopefully people happen upon it because it’s going to be right there, very nearly at Portage and Main in the centre of Nuit Blanche and The Exchange,” he said. The other two shows being performed in September are just as massive in their own way, each presenting their own unique encounter with sound. Firstly, Scott said that Sept. 22 will feature a night of “field recordists and kind of voicebased electronic work, and eventually chamber music.” This event will be presented in the new Qaumajuq auditorium attached to the Winnipeg Art Gallery. The bill includes the illustrious ambient and field recording artist claire rousay

“We’re trying to encourage a willingness to be surprised”

performing with a chamber trio, as well as New York sound collagist Asha Sheshadri and travel recordist Valeri Marina. The Friday lineup is presented at the University of Winnipeg’s Asper Centre for Theatre and Film, a black box theatre well suited for the festival’s night of audio/visual works. “Every artist on that bill, but in very, very different ways, is working with audio as well as visuals,” Scott said. “Olivia Shortt is doing almost a theatre piece, but it involves a lot of screens. Minced Oath is using algorithmically generated visuals alongside his synthesizer music, and Jerusalem In My Heart is of course known for live manipulation of 16-millimeter film.” Even these indoor shows come with a pay-what-youcan option in the interest of accessibility. Although these programs are unexpected and varied, Scott insisted that each night will offer something special. “We’re trying to encourage a willingness to be surprised,” he said. “We understand a lot of people maybe don’t know every artist we’re bringing in, but it’s always our hope that people kind of trust the arc of the program and know that it will be an interesting experience.” send + receive runs from Sept. 22 to 24, as well as on Oct. 8. More information and tickets can be found at sendandreceive.org.


— Cam Scott, artistic director for send + receive

photo / Katherine Squier / provided

Winnipeg’s long-running send + receive festival is a “festival of sound” in a pretty broad sense. Encompassing all sorts of experimental music and sound art, the festival brings challenging, engaging and completely singular sounds to our city. Starting in 1998, send + receive was an early project championing sound art in North America. It is now in its 24th edition, running from Sept. 22 to 24 as well as on Oct. 8. Artistic director for send + receive, Cam Scott described the artistic climate in the festival’s early days as “a time when sound as an artistic medium was given short shrift, and galleries didn’t know how to deal with it so well in my estimation. “There wasn’t a lot of critical discourse around sound, and it was seen as very esoteric or foreboding.” But send + receive looks to demystify the experimental music world. “My interest is mostly in making this thing that a lot of people think is kind of elusive or esoteric inviting and accessible,” Scott explained. “You know, sound is a very physically salient, inviting, embracing kind of phenomenon, and I really want people who feel like they have no technical expertise to come through, not in search of any particular genre of music, but just to have a singular or a transporting experience with other people. That’s something that sound can facilitate.” Last year, the festival moved completely outdoors as a COVID precaution, and was presented with no cover charge, making these niche and challenging performances available and open to passersby and members of the community.

Arts & Culture

September 21, 2022 arts@themanitoban.com

Lighting up the night with living lanterns Nuit Blanche exhibit by BIOM_Lab features lanterns made of biomaterial Alex Braun, staff of M’s faculty of architecture research group BIOM_Lab works producing and applying the use of biomaterials, exploring their structural, practical and design potential. Headed by Mercedes Garcia-Holguera, the team has mainly focused on using two biological sources for their materials — mycelium, a structure of fungal fibres, and bacterial cellulose, a substance synthesized by bacteria that is chemically similar to the material that makes up plant cell walls. Eventually, the team hopes that these materials can be grown in northern and remote areas where more common building materials are hard to come by, helping to foster independence for the communities living there. The project is also looking to make these biomaterials part of a sustainable, circular economy by incorporating recycled materials such as agricultural and industrial waste into its mycelium products. Though the practical and environmental benefits

photo / BIOM_Lab / provided


of these materials remain the group’s focus, the substances also display some aesthetic and artistic potential. Garcia-Holguera explained that while dyeing and taking photos of the material during experimentation, the team found some beautiful aspects to the work. However, she stressed that the materials will differ from photographs

when viewed in person. In the interest of gauging the public’s reaction to these remarkable but strange new materials, the BIOM_Lab is presenting an exhibit at this Winnipeg’s Nuit Blanche, a night of public art exhibits and performances Downtown and in The Exchange. The exhibition, titled Elucida and headed by U of M stu-

dent Dominico IV Obmerga, will feature an assortment of lanterns with dyed bacterial cellulose material stretched over their frames, lighting up Stephen Juba Park the night of Sept. 24. The display is interactive, offering a visual and physical experience for people walking through the space. “Basically what we want to

do with this exhibition is to show the public these materials, and also to get the public reaction,” Garcia-Holguera said. “Do they like it? Do they find it gross? Do they find it beautiful?” Garcia-Holguera explained that the idea behind using lanterns is to give the public a more palatable introduction to the materials, as the objects interact with the light in a flattering way. Beyond lamps, the lab is looking into bacterial cellulose’s potential regarding tensile structures such as canopies, which would normally be made out of fabric. If photos of the lanterns from the team’s Instagram are to be believed, it will be a quite striking exhibit. The chance to encounter a new biological building material is rare, and not an opportunity to be missed. Elucida will be on display Sept. 24 at Stephen Juba Park as part of Nuit Blanche.



Sports >

Vol. 109, No. 6 sports@themanitoban.com

Bisons football captures first win of the season Rainy weather conditions play a huge factor


he University of Manitoba Bisons football team faced off against UBC in a wet and wild contest Friday night. The U of M was able to outlast the Thunderbirds, taking the game 21-16 to give them their first win of the season. Playing on a soaked IG field, the Bisons were put to the test by the UBC offence. Thunderbird quarterback Garrett Rooker passed for 200 yards, while running back Dane Kapler had a monster game rushing for 175. Although the Bisons defence was missing a couple starters, they were still able to stop UBC’s offence from scoring any touchdowns. On the other side of the ball, a few younger players

stepped up for the herd. Firstyear players Zachary Wynne and Ishe Matanga both caught their first career Canada West touchdowns, and secondyear player Jackson Tachinski snuck in to the endzone to score from the 1-yard line. Down 21-16 late in the fourth, the Thunderbirds made a late drive for the endzone but ran out of time. With a win under their belt, the Bisons move to 1-2 on the season. They will face the University of Calgary Dinos in the Homecoming game this Saturday at 2 p.m. sports@themanitoban.com

photos / Matthew Merkel / staff

Matthew Merkel, staff

Winnipeg sports teams’ schedules

U of M Bisons — Women’s Soccer

U of M Bisons — Men’s Hockey

UBC Thunderbirds @ Bisons

Sept. 17 — Final: 2 – 1

Bisons @ Regina Cougars

Victoria Vikes @ Bisons

Sept. 18 — Final: 1 – 0

Bisons @ MacEwan Griffins

Sept. 15 — Final: 4 – 3 Sept. 16 — Final: 5 – 4 / OT

Saskatchewan Huskies @ Bisons

Sept. 23 — 7:30 p.m.

Lakehead Timberwolves @ Bisons

Sept. 23 — 7 p.m.

Regina Cougars @ Bisons

Sept. 24 — 7:30 p.m.

Regina Cougars @ Bisons

Sept. 25 — 2 p.m.

U of M Bisons — Men’s Football UBC Thunderbirds @ Bisons Calgary Dinos @ Bisons

Sept. 16 — Final: 16 – 21

U of M Bisons — Cross Country Roy Griak Invitational

Sept. 23

Sept. 24 — 2 p.m.

Valour FC U of M Bisons — Men’s Golf St. John’s Invitational

Team Final: Tied for 7th place

Atlético Ottawa @ Valour Valour @ York United

Sept. 18 — Final: 1 – 1 Sept. 23 — 6:30 p.m.

Winnipeg Blue Bombers Blue Bombers @ Hamilton Tiger-Cats Sept. 17 — Final: 31 – 48 * All times CDT


Saskatchewan Roughriders @ Blue Bombers Sept. 30 — 7 p.m.

September 21, 2022 sports@themanitoban.com