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January - March 2012

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Welcome A very warm welcome to the Rayleigh Local Business Guide, a brand new innovative magazine for the Rayleigh community. The main aim of the Rayleigh Local Business Guide is to provide readers with an interesting and stimulating reference magazine that helps put them in touch with their local business community. We have tried to ensure that the magazine has something for everybody with a mix of editorial, games and quizzes, reference material and local business advertising. If you have any interesting stories about Rayleigh or if you are a local team, association or charity that would like to be featured in any future editions of the Local Business Guide then please drop us a line at: info@thelocalbusinessguide.co.uk Similarly we would welcome feedback from our local Rayleigh audience on our new publication, be it positive or negative, so feel free to e-mail us at the address above. We would like to thank all of our business advertisers for supporting our very first publication and would ask our readers to support their local businesses in order to help secure local jobs. (Please do not forget to mention the Rayleigh Local Business Guide when contacting businesses featured in this magazine!) Please do not forget to visit our website at www.rayleighbusinessguide.co.uk where you will find our latest magazine issue on the web. You will also find web-links established from our e-magazine to the websites of most of our business advertisers. We would like to wish all our readers and advertisers a very happy and prosperous New Year.

The Rayleigh Local Business Guide Publisher Email: info@thelocalbusinessguide.co.uk www.thelocalbusinessguide.co.uk

The Local Business Guide do not make any recommendations as to the fitness of the advertisers appearing in this publication to carry our their services and no recommendations should be deemed to have been made. All rights reserved. No part of The Local Business Guide Limited publications may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means either wholly or in part without prior permission of the publisher. This magazine is published by The Local Business Guide Ltd Š The Local Business Guide 2012

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Advertisers Index GARDEN SERVICES, HOME IMPROVEMENT & CONSTRUCTION BLOCK PAVING 32 BUILDING SERVICES 32, Back Cover CARPETS/FLOORING Inside Front Cover FIREPLACES / RECLAIM 25 KITCHENS 5, 35 LANDSCAPER 28 NURSERY 29 SKIP HIRE 33 SOFFITING / GUTTERING / DOORS / WINDOWS 27 TILES / TILING 33 WINDOWS / DOORS 6, 18, 36 FINANCIAL, LEGAL & PROPERTY SERVICES ESTATE AGENCY 1, 9, 19 INDEPENDENT FINANCIAL ADVISER 11 LETTINGS AGENT 26 SOLICITOR 10 HOUSEHOLD & LIFESTYLE

BAR / RESTAURANT 1, 31 CAR REPAIRS / MOT / ACCESSORIES 28, 29, 31 CAR SALES 4, 7, 38 COMPUTER SYSTEM AND SOFTWARE REPAIRS 16, 38 FLORIST 3 FUNERAL DIRECTOR 31 JEWELLER 13, 23 NIGHTCLUB Inside Back Cover RESTAURANT 20 & 21 VEHICLE RENTALS 25 VETERINARY SURGEONS 31 WEB-DESIGN / MARKETING 17 HEALTH & BEAUTY

BEAUTY SALON CHIROPRACTOR HAIRDRESSER OSTEOPATH TOOTH WHITENING

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Quick Sudoku Every Sudoku has a unique solution that can be reached logically. Enter numbers into the blank spaces so that each row, column and 3x3 box contains the numbers 1 to 9.

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Easy

Medium

Hard

Evil


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Rayleigh - A Brief History R

ayleigh is an historic market town which has retained much of its traditional character.

According to the English Place Names Society, the name “Rayleigh” is Saxon in origin and derives from “raege”, and “leah”, meaning “Female roe-deer stream” or “she-goat stream” i.e. a roebuck and a pasture probably for goats. The connection with deer continued through the centuries. Lands around Rayleigh were used as Royal hunting forests for many hundreds of years. A deer was included in the coat of arms of Rayleigh Urban District Council, and in the early 2000s, a new pub in Rayleigh High Street was named the "Roebuck".

Prehistoric and Roman times There have been a scattering of stray finds around the town from Prehistoric and Roman times, including some Roman roof and hypocaust tiles found within the fabric of Rayleigh Church. This suggests there was a Roman habitation site within the area. However there is little evidence of any density of population here during this period.

Saxon Era One significant archaeological find was in the early 2000s at the western edge of Rayleigh, at the site of the former Park School in Rawreth Lane. An early Saxon cemetery site was discovered here, with 144 cremation burials and evidence of just one high-status female burial.

Norman Period (1066–1154) By the end of the Saxon period, there was definitely a village here, as it is recorded in the Domesday Book (1086). The Domesday Book mentions Rayleigh as having a number of villagers and smallholders, plus two slaves. Pigs, cattle, horses and goats were kept here. In addition 6 arpents (2 ha) of vines were grown, producing "20 measures of wine". Rayleigh was the centre of an "Honour", or a large group of dependent estates. The manor of Rayleigh belonged to Sweyne of Essex, (other spellings are Sweyn, Sweine, Suen), the son of Robert FitzWimarc. He was one of the greatest landowners in Essex. These names are commemorated today in Rayleigh in the naming of

The Rayleigh Coat of Arms The Grant of Arms belonging to the Town Council (originally commissioned for the former Rayleigh Urban District Council) reflects much of Rayleigh’s history. The Wyvern (a winged 2 footed dragon), because during the time of the Norman Conquest, Rayleigh Castle was the seat of the Hereditary King’s Standard Bearer and it is generally believed that during this period the English Standard consisted of a Wyvern borne aloft on a pole; the Seax, or sword, in recognition of the Arms of Essex County Council which consists of three seaxes on a red shield; the deer because the name “Rayleigh” probably derives from Anglo-Saxon and means “Roe deer in a glade or clearing”; and the Tudor rose because it was a well known and popular badge of King Henry VIII, who had a hunting park and lodge in the town.


the two secondary schools: Sweyne Park School and FitzWimarc School. Between the Norman Conquest in 1066 and the compiling of the Domesday Book (20 years later), Rayleigh Castle was built by Sweyne, making it one of the few Norman castles mentioned in the book and therefore one of the earliest Norman castles in England. This remained in the Sweyne family until 1163, when Henry of Essex, another man of great wealth and standing, was accused of cowardice and defeated in trial by combat. The Honour was consequently forfeited to the king. It continued to be of importance and an indication of royal interest is the fact that the king had a horse-stud in the park. The present market, held on Wednesday mornings, dates back to before 1181, when it was inscribed in the Exchequer Records of Henry II.

Later Medieval Period (1154–1485) A courthouse was erected in Rayleigh in 1338. This was apparently resented by the townspeople, who turned out in force to destroy it, with 20 ringleaders later arrested and tried. The forests around Rayleigh were royal hunting grounds. It is recorded that King Henry III hunted here in 1222, and the three King Edwards also visited.

Rayleigh Castle gradually fell into disuse, and in 1394 King Richard II gave permission for the townspeople of Rayleigh to use the foundations as a source of stone. By this time, the site was in royal ownership and used for pasture: “know all men of special grace who have the will to repair certain Chapel in the said town and to build a new a certain belfry we have granted them the foundations and to take away and use any stones found theren”. Following the granting of this permission, the Rayleigh parish church, Holy Trinity, was built in the Perpendicular Period style, during the 15th century.

Tudors and Stuarts Records indicate that the Church was rich in plate, vestments and stained glass, but these were disposed of: "No church within the hundred was more splendidly adorned; none were so richly furnished with plate, vestments and other accessories for the celebration of the divine service; none were so rich in painted glass; none have been more mercilessly despoiled" King Henry VIII was a frequent visitor to Rayleigh for hunting, and before his marriage to his second wife Anne Boleyn lived nearby at Rochford Hall. During his reign deer were constantly taken from here to replenish the herds in Greenwich Park. www.rayleighbusinessguide.co.uk

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Wordsearch Can you find the 12 animals hidden below:

Z F Q P Q E T V E O D P E S U Q G A Z E L L E G I T K U D E S S U F T E M N Z F A M Y G P O W C C U P D T S N A E E D L R G J B H H R T S T C F K O U E A F T U A A E O G R T N A H C R W S M N P P W I O O O B A O B W N O T O I Z R O Q M F T N E O N N P E L I A C F L O E I Z O Q P U L L S F L B H J E H Z L I O N I M W F A N E Y H R I H Y K O X M R E M E D N C • • • •

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LION ELEPHANT LEOPARD Hippopotamus

• • • •

ZEBRA Hyena GIRAFFE Rhinoceros

• • • •

Cheetah MONKEY Gazelle SNAKE


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Did You Know... • Samuel Pepys loved to play the recorder. • Pears ripen better off the tree, and they ripen from the inside out. • The full name for Britain, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island, is the third longest country name in the world. • In Alabama dominoes may not be played on a Sunday. • The most landed-on square in Monopoly is Trafalgar Square. • There are more people in New York City (7.9million) than there are in the states of Alaska, Vermont, Wyoming, South Dakota, New Hampshire, Nevada, Idaho, Utah, Hawaii, Delaware and New Mexico combined. • Lewis Carroll wrote most of his books standing up. • Whispering is more wearing on your voice than a normal speaking tone. Whispering and shouting stretch the vocal chords.

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• Male hospital patients fall out of bed twice as often as female hospital patients. • Bright yellow and bright blue are the most visible, and therefore most safe, colours for cars. • The word ‘taxi’ is spelled the same in English, German, French, Swedish and Portuguese. • When John F Kennedy was assassinated, it was not illegal to kill the president of the United States. • Shakespeare invented the phrase ‘laugh it off’ and the words ‘bedroom’ and ‘puke’. • In Tokyo, a bicycle is faster than a car for most trips of 50 minutes or less. • In the afternoon your feet are bigger than at any other time of the day. • The most common name for a pub in Britain is ‘The Red Lion’. • People in Siberia often buy milk frozen on a stick.


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2012 Calendar January 2012 Mo Tu 2 3 9 10 16 17 23 24 30 31

We Th 4 5 11 12 18 19 25 26

Fr 6 13 20 27

February 2012 Sa 7 14 21 28

Su 1 8 15 22 29

April 2012 Mo Tu 2 3 9 10 16 17 23 24 30

We Th 4 5 11 12 18 19 25 26

We Th 4 5 11 12 18 19 25 26

Fr 6 13 20 27

Sa 7 14 21 28

Su 1 8 15 22 29

Fr 6 13 20 27

Sa 7 14 21 28

Su 1 8 15 22 29

We Th 3 4 10 11 17 18 24 25 31

Fr 3 10 17 24

Sa 4 11 18 25

March 2012 Su 5 12 19 26

Mo Tu 1 7 8 14 15 21 22 28 29

Fr 5 12 19 26

Mo Tu 6 7 13 14 20 21 27 28

We Th 2 3 9 10 16 17 23 24 30 31

Fr 4 11 18 25

Sa 5 12 19 26

Su 6 13 20 27

We Th 1 2 8 9 15 16 22 23 29 30

Fr 3 10 17 24 31

Sa 4 11 18 25

Su 5 12 19 26

Su 7 14 21 28

Mo Tu 5 6 12 13 19 20 26 27

We Th 1 7 8 14 15 21 22 28 29

Fr 2 9 16 23 30

Sa 3 10 17 24 31

Su 4 11 18 25

We Th 1 7 8 14 15 21 22 28 29

Fr 2 9 16 23 30

Mo Tu 4 5 11 12 18 19 25 26

We Th 6 7 13 14 20 21 27 28

Fr 1 8 15 22 29

Sa 2 9 16 23 30

Su 3 10 17 24

September 2012

November2012 Sa 6 13 20 27

Mo Tu 5 6 12 13 19 20 26 27

June 2012

August 2012

October 2012 Mo Tu 1 2 8 9 15 16 22 23 29 30

We Th 1 2 8 9 15 16 22 23 29

May 2012

July 2012 Mo Tu 2 3 9 10 16 17 23 24 30 31

Mo Tu 6 7 13 14 20 21 27 28

Sa 3 10 17 24

Mo Tu 3 4 10 11 17 18 24 25

We Th 5 6 12 13 19 20 26 27

Fr 7 14 21 28

Sa 1 8 15 22 29

Su 2 9 16 23 30

December2012 Su 4 11 18 25

Mo Tu 3 4 10 11 17 18 24 25 31

We Th 5 6 12 13 19 20 26 27

Fr 7 14 21 28

Sa 1 8 15 22 29

Su 2 9 16 23 30

Holidays and Observances (United Kingdom)

Jan 01, 2012: New Year's Day Jan 02, 2012: New Year's Day Holiday Apr 06, 2012: Good Friday Apr 08, 2012: Easter Sunday Apr 09, 2012: Easter Monday(WAL, ENG, NIR)

May 07, 2012: Early May Bank Holiday Jun 04, 2012: Spring Bank Holiday Jun 05, 2012: The Queen's Diamond Jubilee Aug 27, 2012: Summer Bank Holiday(WAL,ENG,NIR) Dec 25, 2012: Christmas Day Dec 26, 2012: Boxing Day

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Useful Phone Numbers Emergency Services

HelplinesÂ

Police, Fire, Ambulance Essex Police - non-emergency Crimestoppers Rayleigh Police Station

999 101 0800 555111 0300 3334444

24hr A&E - Basildon Broomfield, Chelmsford Southend

01268 524900 01245 443673 01702 435555

NHS Direct confidential health advice Rayleigh Clinic

0845 4647 01268 366600

Hospitals

Health

Councils

Essex County Council 0845 7585592 Rochford District Council 01702-546366 Rayleigh Library 01268 775830 MP for Rayleigh and Wickford - Mark Francois 01268-742044

Emergency Utilities

Electricity - UK Power Gas - National Gas Emergency Service Anglian Water Services Essex & Suffolk Water Directory Enquiries

0800 7838838 0800 111999 0845 7145145 0845 7820999

Age UK 0800 1696565 Alcoholics Anonymous 0845 7697555 Childline (24hr) 0800 1111 Citizens Advice Bureau 01268-770782 Cruse Bereavement Care 0844 4779400 FRANK - National Drugs Helpline (24hr) 0800 776600 GamCare - Gambling Issues 0845 6000133 Missing People (24hrs) 0500 700700 National Debtline 0808 8084000 National Domestic Violence Helpline (24hr) 0808 2000247 NSPCC Helpline (24hr) 0808 8005000 Rape & Sexual Abuse Support Centre 0808 8029999 Runaway Helpline (24hr) - under 18 0808 8007070 RSPCA (24hr) 0300 1234999 Samaritans (24hr) 08457 909090 Sexual Health Direct 0845 1228690 Shelter 0808 8004444 Victim Supportline 0845 3030900

Travel

Traveline National Rail Enquiries Rayleigh Train Station National Express

0871 2002233 08457 484950 0845 6007245 08717 818181

118 500

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Rayleigh Bringing local businesses to local people

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07770-722620 Get busy, get advertising Over 20,000 copies delivered free over 12 months


The Local Business Guide: Rayleigh Jan-Mar 2012  

The Local Business Guide: Rayleigh, bringing local businesses to local people - Jan -Mar 2012

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