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Date: September 24, 2021 The fall semester is in full swing! While we were off to a rocky start with the HVAC issues in Baldwin and Caldwell and lingering Covid concerns, we are nevertheless settling into a steady routine. Once again, we are meeting with friends and enjoying social events. Here’s hoping it gets better and better! Lynn McDonald Editor-In-Chief

What’s on the cover? Falling Leaves by Krystie Morrison Fall is my favorite season and I decided to create a cover that shows the changing times. This cover is full of color from the leaves to the blue gradient as the background.

The Bridge Staff Lynn McDonald

Editor-in-Chief Linsa Dean

Associate Editor Ashtyn Britt Ads Manager Krystie Morrison

Jordan Jones

Writer Keenan Mount

Writer Kenneth Garner


Stephen Kern

Web Editor, Photographer and Social Media Manager

Mary Curvey

Illustrator and Cartoonist Andrew Agney


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Writer, Photographer Elise Gremli

Writer Kathryn Smith

Writer, Graphic Design

Matthew Anderson

Writer Louise Jett Advisor

Table of Contents News, Pg. 4 Campus News, Pg. 5-8 Entertainment, Pg. 9-17 Opinion, Pg. 18-23 Cartoons andGames,Pg. 24-29

Photo by Krystie Morrison Page 3

National Voter Registration Day 2021 By Stephen Kern National Voter Registration Day is a nonpartisan civic holiday celebrated on the fourth Tuesday of September, every year since its start in 2012. This year the celebrated civic holiday is on Tuesday, September 28th. National Voter Registration Day aims to create awareness for voter registration opportunities for thousands of Americans who may not register otherwise. Each year millions of Americans are unable to vote because they are not sure how to register, don’t update their registration, or miss a registration deadline. Since the start of National Voter Registration Day in 2012, approximately 4.5 million were registered to vote on the holiday, and this year they aim for 1 million to bring that total up to 5.5 million.

about enabling the people to get the information and help they need to register to vote, cast a ballot, and have their voices heard in our democracy. On their website (https://, individuals and organizations can find more tools and resources on how to become a partner on the holiday, hold events, and volunteer. They have additional information on registering to vote online, in-person voting options, and mail-in voting options in your state. National Voter Registration Day is more than just a day’s worth of registering voters. It is about educating citizens on the various rules of voter registration, engaging citizens, supporting democratic values, and celebrating our freedom, rights, and opportunities.

National Voter Registration Day involves a coordinated effort from volunteers and organizations across the country to assist citizens in the process of registering to vote. Volunteer events can be found in workplaces, libraries, college campuses, online, and more. Social media outreach allows digital partners to aid voters to register to vote online or find an event near them. Sharing on social media also can improve civic participation. National Voter Registration Day is

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Caldwell and Baldwin Floors Close Amid HVAC Concerns

By Jordan Jones As of August 30, 2021, the third and fourth floors of Baldwin and Caldwell have been shut down for the foreseeable future. This news came after the discovery of poor ventilation systems, humidity and moisture accumulation, as well as the detection of mold in various settings. Teachers, students, and staff in the affected areas were asked to move their classrooms and offices either virtually— through a remote system either on-campus or elsewhere—or to other safe areas on campus. Health concerns are a top priority at L&C, with Vice President of Administration Lori Artis stating, “The safety and wellbeing of our students and team members is our top priority.” Classes, offices, and all activities scheduled on those floors have been cleared as of August 27, 2021, and new arrangements have since been established. After nearly three semesters of remote and hybrid learning, the necessity for creating a safe and comfortable environment for students and staff is ongoing. In the case of rescheduled classrooms falling remote, “zoom friendly areas” have been created on campus to accommodate students. These spaces include computers, cameras, and keyboards for remote learning. Several classrooms and offices were moved to other, safe buildings on campus, where teachers and staff can operate as per usual. Regular monitoring of the air quality around campus remains a top priority following the shutdown. As of now, there are no points of concern with any other major buildings on campus, but the safety of our L&C community comes first. The Main Complex has long since been due for renovations, and with funding expected to funnel in through the state, the process of restoring our historic campus will continue. Despite the inconveniences this challenge has brought us, the quality of student learning remains a top priority. For any concerns regarding closures, policies, or the safety of new regulations, contact an L&C advisor or call (618) 468-2222. Campus News

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Campus Photos by Linsa Dean

Up the Quandry September 9, 2021

Sacagawea’s Cloak September 9, 2021

Proof of Squirrels September 9, 2021

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Campus News

The Ivy Ledge September 9, 2021

Down the Ivy Rail September 9, 2021

Campus News

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Honors College: A Community on Campus

By Jordan Jones Honors College is a phenomenal group dedicated to promoting a safe, healthy, and striving environment for students at L&C. Any and all transfer-bound students (meaning students who seek to finish their four year degree at a university) use Honors College to augment their college experience. Not only can HC students receive honors credit for their courses—a type of achievement that sticks directly to students’ final transcript—but they also relish in many benefits throughout their time on campus. Honors College students are assigned their own librarian and advisor, granted the privilege of semester-long library checkouts, have access to a special lounge reserved only for HC students, and maintain the ability to collaborate with a small group of students all motivated to find success through L&C. Much of the requirements within the program are designed in ways to help students enhance their career choices and goals. HC students can choose to earn “honors credit” for a Page 8

course of their choosing, and they can use this opportunity to go above and beyond the basic material of their subject and have something personable to them. This will reflect on their transcript and potentially be shown to other Honors College advisors from four-year universities; in fact, at a big end-of-the-year event called Expo (see image below), some HC students receive full-ride transitions for their expertise in these projects! Furthermore, Honors College students have the ability to formulate and maintain a close friendship with one another. Jenn Cline ( works closely with her HC students, and throughout the course students are able to go on trips together, visit historical sites, learn from experts all around the community, and participate on a “staycation” over Spring break with one another. Being within a selective group enables community, spirit, and a clearer path to success in college. More information about Honors College at Lewis and Clark can be found here. Any student passionate about learning and perfecting their college experience can apply today. Campus News

Take me out to the Ball Game By Kathryn Smith

Well, I am pretty full from all of the delicious foods, but hey, the St. Louis Cardinals won the game. One of the cool things about attending Busch Stadium (where the cardinals play for their home games), is that fireworks go off after every cardinal player hits a homerun and if they win a game. Those fireworks just went off, with a final score of 3-0. All of the fans are going crazy!

If you ever catch yourself thinking about watching a baseball game, go out and support your local team. TAKE ME OUT TO THE BALL GAME! We all know the You can enjoy the game by watching at home or if you American-loving sport, baseball, where you get to attend want the same experience as I had. I highly recommend and cheer on your favorite baseball team, wear all of attending in person. GO CARDS! your favorite apparel, and eat lots of delicious foods. One of my favorite things to do in my free time is to watch baseball, especially with my friends and family. As I write this story, some friends and I are presently attending an afternoon St. Louis Cardinals baseball game. Woohoo! We are in the stadium enjoying the game, eating a delicious hotdog, and drinking a nice, cold beverage. Hey, wait a minute! The kiss cam just caught a couple in love. That brings a smile to my face!

This photograph of Busch Stadium is taken by Kathryn Smith in St. Louis. In this photo, the St. Louis Cardinals baseball team is currently playing a baseball game. She has added a graphic image on top of the photo to represent the action of playing the game.

Any wild guesses on the weather? Well, it is August, in St. Louis. It is hot and steamy, but I am pretty cool since I am wearing my favorite shirt representing my favorite player, Yadier Molina. Yadier Molina is one of the most popular cardinal players and has currently been with the cardinals for about 17 years. No doubt...he is definitely a fan favorite, evident from the yelling and screaming by our devoted fans when his name is announced. We all are comfortable in our seats ready for the game against the Pittsburgh Pirates to start. We are eating tons of food and ice cream. One of the best things about attending a baseball game in person is the delicious food. There are a variety of options ranging from hotdogs, burgers, tacos, nachos, fries, and so on. Don’t even get me started on the mouth-watering dessert options! Ice cream, frozen lemonades, cookies, and candy are just a few steps away. We never pass up on the peanuts and cracker jacks! They even have a variety of drink options ranging from water, soda, juices, coffee, and any alcoholic drinks you can think of. Entertainment

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Graphics by Stephen Kern Section

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Lunch with Lin

By Linsa Dean Sometimes life hits a bit hard and we just need good, easy-to-make food. That was what inspired this recipe. I’ve been making versions of this since I was in high school (which was almost a decade ago). It’s easy, versatile, and changeable! I recommend using a pot to boil pasta and a high-sided skillet for sautéing everything! That said this can easily be done as a 1 pot meal by only cooking in a large pot, just be aware to stir frequently and scrape the bottom of the pot. I present to you: Lin’s Fried Pasta.

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For my version you will need: 1-2 Tablespoons of minced garlic (store-bought is fine!) 1 Bell pepper of your preferred color, diced ½ - 1 small onion, diced Approximately 2 tablespoons of olive oil or butter. 1 box of your fave pasta 1 Pound of protein: I used a cheap sirloin from Schnucks and cubed it. About 1-2 inch cubes. Salt Pepper Garlic Powder (about 2 Teaspoons) Onion Powder (about 2 Teaspoons)

Prep all of your ingredients. Boil a large pot of water with 2 teaspoons of salt added. Once boiling add the box of pasta and cook until slightly firm. It will cook a bit more once added to the other ingredients so don’t overcook! Once cooked, drain into a colander and allow to sit. While the pasta cooks, brown your protein in a tablespoon of oil. Medium to medium-high heat. Be sure to add salt, pepper, and spices to taste! Once the meat is browned (but not fully cooked!) add in your peppers. Wait for the peppers to begin to soften and then add in your onions and garlic. Stir everything together until the meat is mostly cooked (I use a meat thermometer). I like my steak a bit pink so I keep an eye on the temp and the lesser cooked sides of the meat. Make sure you follow appropriate cooking directions for your chosen protein. Chicken must be cooked to 165 degrees, and have no pink. Once the veggies have softened, add your pasta and more oil. Toss everything together to coat with oil.

Taste your pasta and adjust the seasoning as needed (I normally need to add more salt). If cooking in a skillet then look for the edges of your pasta to become a bit crisp and the spice powders to be browned. If cooking in a pot you may find the pasta stays a bit softer. Look for the spices to taste cooked and everything to be evenly seasoned. You may need to add more oil depending on your cooking times and method. This whole dish should only take about 20 minutes to make and makes enough for a week’s worth of lunches! Suggested adaptations: Add in some cayenne for some heat. Replace the beef with tofu, chicken, or pork (If you try fish with this let me know!) Add as much or as little veggies as you want! Goes really well with garlic bread!

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Robert Ripley by Krystie Morrison

As you all have learned by now, I have an addiction to the weird and the strange. How did I become addicted you may wonder? Well, it started whenever I was first introduced to Ripley’s Believe It or Not, which was created in the early 1900s by a man named Robert L. Ripley. Leroy Robert Ripley was born in 1890 in Sarasota, California to David Isaac Ripley and Lily Belle Yucca. Unfortunately, his father passed whenever Ripley was young. Not long after the passing of his father, Ripley started making money from his passion; drawing. He would sell cartoon posters for local sporting events. His mother, Lily, decided to use their home as a boarding house for travelers and this is when Ripley was noticed for his unique talent. Carol Ennis, who worked for a

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publication in San Francisco, took the young boy’s cartoons and promoted them. This eventually landed Ripley his first job in publication with the San Francisco Bulletin as a sports cartoonist. However, Ripley did not stay with the San Francisco Bulletin very long. He eventually made his way east for new opportunities. He managed to acquire a job at the New York Globe as a sports cartoonist as well. At this time, Robert adopted his trademark attire of a bow tie and spat shoes and would begin to go by “Bob” or “Rip” instead of his given name. While working for The Globe, he began to have a case of “cartoonist’s block” and couldn’t think of what to do for the paper the next morning. This led to the creation of his famous “Champs and Chumps” cartoon that skyrocketed his career into the weird and strange.


Two years after his sports cartoon attracted fans of the strange, Ripley set out on a worldwide adventure. He traveled to Hawaii, Japan, China, India, the Middle East, Europe and finally returned to New York with new visions for his cartoons. By seeing all of the strange things the world had to offer, Ripley decided to create cartoons about more than just sports. In 1929, he signed on with newspaper mogul, William Randolph Hearst. From there Ripley quickly became the first millionaire cartoonist in history and the Golden Era of Ripley’s Believe It or Not began!

“I make a living out of the fact that truth is stranger than fiction,” Ripley once said when asked about his profession. In 1949, at the age of 59, Ripley suffered a massive heart attack while on the set of his television show. He never recovered. Robert L. Ripley dedicated his life pursuing weird things and strange people even until the day he passed. “Some of the most wonderful things in the world will seem dull and drab unless you view them in the proper light.” Robert L. Ripley.

In 1939, the first of many permanent Ripley’s Odditoriums had opened in New York City. People claimed that Ripley was a customs officer’s nightmare as he filled his Odditoriums to the brim with medieval torture devices, gaudy furniture, shrunken heads and whatever else Ripley thought was of interest to bring back to the states from his adventures. Many believed Ripley to be a liar and he took that as a compliment. It showed that somebody found the facts that he reported about too bizarre to believe.

Ripley’s Believe It or Not Museum Photo via Pixabay Entertainment

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Auschwitz. Not Long Ago. Not Far Away

striped material, and marked with a shape and color to indicate their category. One of the most notorious concentration camps opened in 1940 and held nearly 1.3 million people throughout the five years that it remained open. Out of all the concentration camps that were created in Europe, this was the most infamous of them all; Auschwitz.

Story and Photos by Krystie Morrison TW: Some subjects in this article may be found disturbing by some. Please continue with caution. Silence cloaked the room in the Bank of America Gallery at Union Station in Kansas City, MO. As you ride the escalator down to the gallery, you’re greeted by a massive world map with just one word on it: Auschwitz.

As the people were taken in through the gates of Auschwitz, they were met by a giant gate with the words, “Arbeit Macht Frei,” which roughly translates to “work makes you free.” Not only were prisoners forced to work to death, but some were taken from the masses to have inhumane experiments performed on them by Dr. Josef Mengele, also known as the “Angel of Death.”

Prisoners would arrive by cattle cars to the concentration camp with most filled past capacity. One survivor recalls In the early 1940s, Europe was a very dangerous place that the soldiers would count to 150 and then close the to be if you were Jewish, Romani, or anyone else the doors behind them. They were only offered two buckets German regime considered to be “undesirable.” Under for the entire journey; one for water and one to use as a the direction of Adolf Hitler, SS soldiers were required to bathroom and there was no stopping on the way to the take these innocent people from their homes, Top Left: At the beginning of camp. Many passengers did not make it to tour, guests are greeted see where the railway ended. stripped of their rights, and made to wear the by a giant map that pinpoints badges on all of their clothes to be identified two locations; Kansas City, and where Auschwitz is as the less desirable crowd. No one could MO, located in Europe. even imagine what the future held in store for Top Right: As you travel them. In the early 30s, antisemeitic propaganda became a part of daily life in Germany and no one questioned it. By the mid-1930s, the routine in the concentration camps was set in stone. All prisoners, including women and children, would be shaved bald, dressed in uniforms made of a coarse grey and blue Page 18

further into the exhibit, you are greeted by giant concrete posts that were used for fencing at the Auschwitz camp. Bottom Right: One of the first original artifacts that you come face to face with is a wheel set from one of the cattle cars that carried deportees to camps. Photos by Krystie Morrison


Unfortunately for others, they made it to the end of the railway but were immediately pushed to the side and told they were going to the showers. What they did not know was that the showers were just a cover up. In a small concrete room, person after person was pushed in and told to take off all their clothes. Fake showers were provided to keep with the illusion that they were just there to have a shower and then they would be taken out again. This was not the case. Where they had just taken the prisoners was actually a gas chamber. Soldiers would be atop the roof, wearing gas masks as they lowered chemicals into the room that would spray out of the showerheads, killing hundreds of people at one time.

concentration camps. The tour is self-guided and talks about each display and gives more information about who may have been associated with the particular item. At the end of the exhibition, there is a room that has no artifacts on the floor. The only thing in this room are multiple projected screens of home videos from the countless lives that were lost due to being in Auschwitz. Entire families were decimated because of the heartless acts of violence that were carried out in Europe during the 1940s. As you exit the gallery, there is a single quote: “You who are passing by. I beg you. Do something. Learn a dance step. Something to justify your existence. Something that gives you the right to be dressed in your skin, in your body hair. Learn to walk and to laugh because it would be too senseless, after all, for so many to have died while you live doing nothing with your life.” - Auschwitz survivor Charlotte Delbo.

Left: A gas mask that was once worn by an SS soldier who was in charge of running the crematoriums that killed millions. Right: A quote from an Auschwitz survivor in 1988.

During the five years that Auschwitz was open, approximately 1.1 million prisoners were murdered in the camp by gas chambers, mass shootings, and torture. Out of all the people that were sent to Auschwitz, only 7,000 were liberated by Soviet forces. Most of them were very ill or close to death at the time of liberation.

Below: Ceija Stojka survived the Bergen-Belsen camp and became an activist who fought against Roma and Sinti genocide in the early 90s. She passed away in Austria in 2013 at the age of 79. Photos by Krystie Morrison

“Auschwitz. Not Long Ago. Not Far Away,” offers a glimpse into those horrific five years. It contains hundreds of artifacts such as pictures, possessions from deportees, and even building materials used to construct the deadly Opinion

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Top Left: Unlike other exhibitions, this one was delivered over portable audio devices. Each section had a number that was relevant to the current artifact guests were looking at. Center Left: At the end of the war, a red dress shoe belonging to a deportee to the Auschwitz camp in 1940 was found. To this day, no one knows who the shoe belongs to or if the woman even survived. Bottom Left: A belt buckle belonging to a member of the SS was found in Auschwitz after 1945. The buckle is dated between 1933 and 1945 and the inscription on the buckle simply reads, Meine Ehre heisst Treue, which translates to, “my honor is loyalty.” Bottom Right: These mugshots are just a few of the 50,000 that were taken upon arrival at Auschwitz in the early 1940s. Only 30,000 mugshots survived after the war had ended. Center Right: This chart shows the badges that concentration camp prisoners wore to be identified. Certain colors and shapes represented who they were and why they were in the camp. Top Right: This chart shows the badges that concentration camp prisoners wore to be identified. Certain colors and shapes represented who they were and why they were in the camp. Photos by Krystie Morrison

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Top Left: In this photo, you can see a small locket, necklace, and a pair of glasses that belonged to some of the victims from the T4 program. Top Center: This type of uniform was used throughout the concentration camps for every prisoner. Sewn onto the left side of each uniform was a number and badge that described who you were and why you were in the camp. Top Right: To the naked eye, these may just seem like a normal pair of black boots. However, to survivors of the Holocaust, they are a symbol of fear. Above Left: These mugshots are just a few of the 50,000 that were taken upon arrival at Auschwitz in the early 1940s. Only 30,000 mugshots survived after the war had ended. Above Center: A quote from an Auschwitz survivor in 1988. Above Right: Ceija Stojka survived the Bergen-Belsen camp and became an activist who fought against Roma and Sinti genocide in the early 90s. She passed away in Austria in 2013 at the age of 79. Below Left: The shoes that belonged to victims were wooden clogs that would often cause sores and infections making it difficult for the men and women to work. Below Center: A storage shed that was located on the grounds of Auschwitz held things from deportees such as buttons, glasses, coins, and house keys that would never return to their owner. Left: At the center of the exhibition lies a display that shows how large the area of Auschwitz was. On the walls, there are maps that show red lines which represent how far some had to travel in cattle cars of 150 people at one time to get to the camp Bottom Left: Creating items was illegal in the camps and prisoners could lose their lives if caught. This doll was made for an unknown child in the camp. Bottom Center: A child’s shoe sits in the middle of the room with two little socks tucked into the shoe for later use. Unfortunately, this shoe was found outside one of the crematoriums located at Auschwitz.


Bottom Right: Uniforms and coats were made with the same material. Prisoners would wear these clothes to work in the heat and also the frigid winters. Photos by Krystie Morrison Page 21

The Inaccessibility of an Accessible Campus By Linsa Dean

This sign establishing elevator priority is posted only on the first floor of Trimpe. Photo by Linsa Dean

March 2020 marked an important milestone in all our lives. The world stopped, confusion set in, and our pets had the best days of their lives with everyone home. My March was just as chaotic, but with an unexpected consequence. After contracting COVID-19 what used to be minor inconveniences to my daily life became inhibitors. I had had mobility challenges since I was 12 but had always been able to heal and move forward. I suddenly found myself permanently and increasingly disabled. I had been dealing with accommodations for years at other universities and knew I didn’t want to have to pull teeth to be able to complete my old degrees. My mother-in-law eventually encouraged me to look at Lewis and Clark. By comparison to the universities I used to attend, Lewis and Clark is an “accessible campus.” The disability coordinators are extremely helpful, program directors and professors are willing to help you pass regardless of disability or need for accommodation. Getting help to start succeeding at Lewis and Clark was a breeze compared to my experiences in the past. I could sing the praises of my program director and current professors for days. I could not sing joyfully about the physical access to campus. Page 22

The beautiful, elegant historical buildings and expansive gardens create a welcoming and enjoyable campus. The rolling hills, narrow sidewalks, and grand outdoor staircases are aesthetics I used to search for. I see campus for its beauty, but also its inaccessibility. Currently, I have most of my classes in Trimpe and one in Wade. However, over the summer I navigated Reid, Baldwin, Fobes, and Caldwell. I’ve seen the beautiful staircase in the Nursing building. Campus, for all its beauty and cool old stairs, also has elevators — a vital addition for mobility-impaired students like me. There are self-opening doors in many places, some even partially or fully automatic. However, I’m finding it hard to navigate campus as a mobility-impaired student. To start with, while there are lots of accessible parking spaces, not all are van accessible or connect to a sidewalk. These two things are vitally important to the safety and accessibility of disabled students. Sidewalks also benefit able-bodied students by providing a safer place to walk than the road or grass. Along with this, the sidewalk ramps by Trimpe are broken, move beneath people’s feet, and splash water as they are stepped on. A row of van-accessible parking on campus. Photo by Linsa Dean Opinion

A broken ramp on the west-side of Trimpe. Photo by Linsa Dean

Next are the elevators. The one in Reid right outside the library is the first thing that comes to mind. It reminds me of riding the trams up the Arch when I was 12. It shakes, is slow, and honestly scares me a bit. The elevators throughout that building complex are old, and while they pass inspection, there is some concern with their quality. The elevator in Trimpe has a tendency to either open the door before the elevator has stopped moving fully or to not open until the “open door” button is pushed. This elevator also feels unstable as it likes to shift and move rather than securely stop. There is the matter of elevator placement, as well. Most buildings only have one, and in the case of Trimpe, it’s on the other side of the building from the accessible parking. According to the Google maps rendering of campus, many of the elevators are also distanced from the main entrance or tucked into a corner.

Mobility impaired students using wheelchairs are also at a disadvantage, especially in older buildings. Bathrooms all have accessible stalls, but often the entrances to these restrooms are difficult if not impossible for wheelchair users to navigate. The entrances are also often shut with no accessible options to open the door. A student using a wheelchair would have to either travel out of their way to get to a bathroom they can access or hope that another student or staff member comes by to open the door. Several of the entrances are also too narrow to turn and navigate a wheelchair. In some buildings, like Trimpe, there is only one truly accessible bathroom (one female and one male), on the first floor of the building. Accessible meaning the entrances can be navigated without help and are sufficiently wide to allow use. Right: Image of a barely accessible bathroom Left: An accessible bathroom. Photos by Linsa Dean

The view a disabled student faces to get from Trimpe 280 & 290 to the far end of the building where the elevator is. Photo by Linsa Dean These are just some of the issues surrounding disability, both on campus and in the world. In general, campus, as public access, is required to adjust based on the ease of putting in the accommodation. But, with historic buildings, there is even more wiggle room to avoid overtly changing access and usability. I fully recognize that some of the issues talked about cannot be addressed without substantial financial support. By bringing them to light I hope to educate fellow students, staff, and maybe encourage the school to fix what issues they can.


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Cartoons and Games

Cartoons and Games

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Graphic by Kenny Garner

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Cartoons and Games

Cartoons and Games

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Cartoons and Games

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Profile for thelcbridge

The Bridge Volume 52, Issue 2  


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