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November 13, 2020 November 20, 2020

80.3 BU./A. OVER 73.5 ACRES “Great Emergence, medium height, and a lot of pods.” Jordan Beyer | Bricelyn, MN

*ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW, IRM, WHERE APPLICABLE, GRAIN MARKETING, STEWARDSHIP PRACTICES AND PESTICIDE LABEtL DIRECTIONS Glyphosate herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Dicamba herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to dicamba. XtendFlex® is a trademark of Bayer Group. Performance may vary.

Finishing touches Farmers made the most of an unusually warm week in November

INSIDE: Our final From The Fields report for the year Dick Hagen wraps up the navy bean, sugar beet and hemp crops Swine & U, the election, clotheslines, buckthorn and more!


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418 South Second St. P.O. Box 3287 Mankato, MN 56002 (800) 657-4665 Vol. XLIV ❖ No. 23 32 pages, 1 section plus supplements

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Cover photo by Paul Malchow

COLUMNS Opinion Farm and Food File Table Talk Cooking With Kristin From The Fields Green & Growing Swine & U Marketing Mielke Market Weekly Auctions/Classifieds Advertiser Listing Back Roads

2-7 4 6 8 9 10 16 20-21 22 24-31 31 32


Publisher: Steve Jameson: sjameson@mankatofreepress.com General Manager: Deb Petterson: dpetterson@TheLandOnline.com Managing Editor: Paul Malchow: editor@TheLandOnline.com Staff Writer: Kristin Kveno: kkveno@thelandonline.com Staff Writer Emeritus: Dick Hagen: rdhagen35@gmail.com Advertising Representatives: Joan Streit: (507) 344-6379, jstreit@thelandonline.com Deb Petterson: dpetterson@TheLandOnline.com Office/Advertising Assistants: Joan Compart: theland@TheLandOnline.com Lyuda Shevtsov: auctions@thelandonline.com For Customer Service Concerns: (507) 345-4523, (800) 657-4665, theland@TheLandOnline.com Fax: (507) 345-1027 For Editorial Concerns or Story Ideas: (507) 344-6342, (800) 657-4665, editor@TheLandOnline.com Because of the nature of articles appearing in The Land, product or business names may be included to provide clarity. This does not constitute an endorsement of any product or business. Opinions and viewpoints expressed in editorials or by news sources are not necessarily those of the management. The Publisher shall not be liable for slight changes or typographical errors that do not lessen the value of an advertisement. The Publisher’s liability for other errors or omissions in connection with an advertisement is strictly limited to publication of the advertisement in any subsequent issue or the refund of any monies paid for the advertisement. Classified Advertising: $19.99 for seven (7) lines for a private classified, each additional line is $1.40; $24.90 for business classifieds, each additional line is $1.40. Classified ads accepted by mail or by phone with VISA, MasterCard, Discover or American Express. Classified ads can also be sent by e-mail to theland@TheLandOnline.com. Mail classified ads to The Land, P.O. Box 3287, Mankato, MN 56002. Please include credit card number, expiration date and your postal address with ads sent on either mail version. Classified ads may also be called into (800) 657-4665. Deadline for classified ads is 5 pm on the Friday prior to publication date, with holiday exceptions. Distributed to farmers in all Minnesota counties and northern Iowa, as well as on The Land’s website. Each classified ad is separately copyrighted by The Land. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. Subscription and Distribution: Free to farmers and agribusinesses in Minnesota and northern Iowa. $29 per year for non-farmers and people outside the service area. The Land (USPS 392470) Copyright © 2019 by The Free Press Media is published biweekly by The Free Press, 418 S 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727. Business and Editorial Offices: 418 S. 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727, Accounting and Circulation Offices: Steve Jameson, 418 S 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727. Call (507) 345-4523 to subscribe. Periodicals postage paid at Mankato, MN. Postmaster and Change of Address: Send address changes to The Land, P.O. Box 3287, Mankato MN 56002-3287 or e-mail to theland@ TheLandOnline.com.

Although it seems U.S. President But an even bigger concern is the ecoDonald J. Trump is prepared to sulk his nomic pandemic which has yet to gain way to next year’s inauguration, voters full strength. Trillions of government dolhave selected Joe Biden as their next lars have already been spent in an effort president. Social distancing fell by the to keep the boat afloat. (An interesting wayside as Biden supporters danced in angle on Socialism, but I’m not going the streets and a sizeable throng gaththere today.) Add this government aid to ered in Wilmington, Del. to hear Biden an already-disturbing national debt. and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris Throw in the millions of out-of-work taxspeak. Perhaps euphoria is the anti-Covpayers and businesses who aren’t paying LAND MINDS id element we’ve been searching for these taxes right now — and probably won’t be last eight months. for some time to come. Health care By Paul Malchow reform, global warming and immigraBiden ran his “I’m not Donald tion are all good issues, but I haven’t Trump” campaign hard, steady and heard any “plans” as to where the dolunwavering. Reassurances to the votlars are coming from. Making the wealthy pay their ing public he has “a plan” to deal with (fill in the “fair share” (whatever that might be) sounds good blank) seemed to be good enough to win votes on the campaign trail, but leaves a lot to the imagibecause … well, Biden is not Donald Trump. nation when putting it in practice. The Covid-19 epidemic showcased the ideological n expanse between the two candidates and proved to be Biden’s best ally. The pandemic allowed Biden to One last thought on the election results (at least limit public appearances which was beneficial on for today): Collin Peterson was unceremoniously two fronts. shown the door by Congressional District 7 voters. Ever the diplomat, Peterson said voters were lookFirst, it controlled the campaign message — ing for a change and he would abide by their wishremoving any spontaneity and political gaffs Biden es. But Peterson was an agriculture force to be reckhas earned a reputation for during his time of public service. There were no heated exchanges between oned with on Capitol Hill. Farmers within and outBiden and supporters/dissenters. Even the presiden- side of Peterson’s district might find out the hard tial debates were designed to stay on topic. The fact way what his absence entails. that Trump was such a buffoon during the debates I heard today Peterson could be in line to take just greased the wheels of Biden’s strategy. over the USDA from Sonny Perdue. Perhaps at 76 years of age, the position might be a good repose for Second, Biden did not have to endure the normal rigors of a presidential campaign. Covid-19 allowed Peterson from the rigors of Congress. Biden a more relaxed schedule which kept him The Land’s venerable Dick Hagen shared a few of mentally and physically rested. Even as such, at his thoughts on Congress in general and I want to times Biden looked and moved very much like a pass them along. 77-year-old man; but it was much easier to hide. As the ruminations of election day continue to In the late stages of the campaign and during his rumble and we collectively perhaps wonder even Wilmington acceptance speech, Biden wasted little more ‘What now America’, Dick writes, my rumtime placing the success of his presidency at our blings include these from Trump Rule’s feet. It is up to us to bury the hatchet, set aside our Congressional Reform Act: differences and work together — not as Democrats No tenure, No pension. A Congressman/Woman or Republicans, but as “Americans.” The fact that collects salary while in office and receives no pay this philosophy is nowhere to be found in our when they’re out of office. nation’s capital seems to be beside the point. Biden Congressman/Woman (past, present and future) has “a plan” and it is up to us as loyal Americans to participate in Social Security. All funds in the support it. Congressional Retirement Fund move to Social The major fly in Biden’s ointment is the 71 million Security immediately. All future funds low into the Americans who voted for Donald Trump. This is not Social Security System and Congress participates exactly a mandate for Biden’s “plans.” I suspect pas- with the American people. It may not be used for sions will have cooled a bit by Jan. 20, 2021, but any other purpose. there are more elephants in the room than a game Congress much purchase their own retirement farm in Tanzania. plan, just as all Americans do. Of course, foremost on everyone’s list is Covid-19. Congress will no longer vote themselves pay On Nov. 9 the morning newscasts were breathlessly hailing the possibility of a vaccine. Military leaders increases. Congressional pay will rise by the lower CPI or 3 percent. have assured a distribution system is in place, but so many questions remain as to number of doses Congress’s current Healthcare System is terminatneeded, who gets first dibs and what about the peo- ed, and they participate in the same Healthcare ple who wouldn’t get vaccinated for anything anySystem as the American people. where at any time over their dead bodies? See LAND MINDS, pg. 7



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T:3.417" S:2.917"


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AM1 – Optimum® AcreMax® 1 insect protection system with an integrated corn rootworm refuge solution includes HXX,LL,RR2. Optimum AcreMax 1 products contain the LibertyLink® gene and can be sprayed with Liberty® herbicide. The required corn borer refuge can be planted up to a half-mile away. AM – Optimum® AcreMax® insect protection system with YGCB,HX1,LL,RR2. Contains a single-bag integrated refuge solution for above-ground insects. In EPA-designated cotton-growing counties, a 20% separate corn borer refuge must be planted with Optimum AcreMax products. AMT – Optimum® AcreMax® TRIsect® insect protection system with RW,YGCB,HX1,LL,RR2. Contains a single-bag refuge solution for above- and below-ground insects. The major component contains the Agrisure® RW trait, the YieldGard® Corn Borer gene and the Herculex® I gene. In EPA-designated cotton-growing counties, a 20% separate corn borer refuge must be planted with Optimum AcreMax TRIsect products. AMX – Optimum® AcreMax® Xtra insect protection system with YGCB,HXX,LL,RR2. Contains a single-bag integrated refuge solution for above- and below-ground insects. In EPA-designated cotton-growing counties, a 20% separate corn borer refuge must be planted with Optimum AcreMax Xtra products. AMXT (Optimum® AcreMax® XTreme) – Contains a single-bag integrated refuge solution for aboveand below-ground insects. The major component contains the Agrisure ® RW trait, the YieldGard® Corn Borer gene and the Herculex® XTRA gene. In EPA-designated cotton-growing counties, a 20% separate corn borer refuge must be planted with Optimum AcreMax XTreme products. Q (Qrome ®) – Contains a single-bag integrated refuge solution for above- and below-ground insects. The major component contains the Agrisure® RW trait, the YieldGard® Corn Borer gene and the Herculex® XTRA gene. In EPA-designated cotton-growing counties, a 20% separate corn borer refuge must be planted with Qrome ® products. Qrome products are approved for cultivation in the U.S. and Canada. For additional information about the status of regulatory authorizations, visit http://www.biotradestatus.com/. YGCB,HX1,LL,RR2 (Optimum® Intrasect ®) – Contains the YieldGard® Corn Borer gene and Herculex® I gene for resistance to corn borer. YGCB,HXX,LL,RR2 (Optimum® Intrasect ® Xtra) – Contains the YieldGard® Corn Borer gene and the Herculex XTRA gene for resistance to corn borer and corn rootworm. RW,HX1,LL,RR2 (Optimum® TRIsect ®) – Contains the Herculex I gene for above-ground pests and the Agrisure® RW trait for resistance to corn rootworm.

HXRW – The Herculex® RW rootworm protection trait contains proteins that provide enhanced resistance against western corn rootworm, northern corn rootworm and Mexican corn rootworm. HXX – Herculex® XTRA insect protection contains the Herculex I and Herculex RW genes. YGCB – The YieldGard® Corn Borer gene offers a high level of resistance to European corn borer, southwestern corn borer and southern cornstalk borer; moderate resistance to corn earworm and common stalk borer; and above-average resistance to fall armyworm. LL – Contains the LibertyLink® gene for resistance to Liberty® herbicide. RR2 – Contains the Roundup Ready® Corn 2 trait that provides crop safety for over-the-top applications of labeled glyphosate herbicides when applied according to label directions. AQ – Optimum® AQUAmax® product. Product performance in water-limited environments is variable and depends on many factors, such as the severity and timing of moisture deficiency, heat stress, soil type, management practices and environmental stress, as well as disease and pest pressures. All products may exhibit reduced yield under water and heat stress. Individual results may vary. Herculex® insect protection technology by Dow AgroSciences and Pioneer Hi-Bred. ® Trademark of Dow AgroSciences, DuPont or Pioneer, and their affiliated companies or their respective owners. YieldGard®, the YieldGard Corn Borer Design and Roundup Ready ® are registered trademarks used under license from Monsanto Company. Liberty®, LibertyLink® and the Water Droplet Design are registered trademarks of BASF. Agrisure ® and Agrisure Viptera® are registered trademarks of, and used under license from, a Syngenta Group Company. Agrisure ® technology incorporated into these seeds is commercialized under a license from Syngenta Crop Protection AG.

Pioneer® brand products are provided subject to the terms and conditions of purchase which are part of the labeling and purchase documents. TM ® SM Trademarks and service marks of Corteva Agriscience and its affiliated companies. © 2020 Corteva. PION0LOCL055



HX1 – Contains the Herculex® I insect protection gene which provides protection against European corn borer, southwestern corn borer, black cutworm, fall armyworm, lesser cornstalk borer, southern cornstalk borer and sugarcane borer; and suppresses corn earworm.

As political winners joust over election buying — is a bilateral “folly” that “disspoils, many Americans are tickled pink criminates” against our democratic allies (or purple) to leave the costliest, most bitlike Japan and Canada. As such, he ter campaign season behind and return argues, Phase One undermines U.S. leadto their lives of family, work and dreams. ership for any future multilateral effort to contain China’s more sinister internaFor U.S. farmers and ranchers, that tional ambitions. means a return to three pre-election realities: a strong, export-led rise in grain Echoes of Ikenson’s argument can be prices; another winter of choppy livestock heard in a Nov. 3 Bloomberg News story markets; and China’s growing impact on FARM & FOOD FILE that wondered if President Trump’s “shift all U.S. ag markets. away from Republican free trade orthoBy Alan Guebert doxy” hasn’t just “… been a very loud In fact, China’s swift recovery from civics lesson in the misguided economthe viral pandemic it spawned is now ics of protectionism and the costs of the key driver in world ag markets. tariffs and economic nationalism.” The International Monetary Fund pegs China’s 2020 economic growth at 2 percent — tiny compared Yes, it has; but good luck trying to convince to its decades of ferocious growth, but far ahead of American farmers and ranchers who have received the U.S. economy that is forecast to shrink 4 perbillions in tariff mitigation money under the Trump cent. policy and now, mostly due to China, are enjoying the first major rise to farm prices in years. Equally impressive is how the newly revved-up China is spending its profits. Its consumers are It’s hard to argue with them before or after Nov. 3 doing what the rest of the world used to do: eating when red rural America again voted for this better, traveling more, and buying more consumer Administration’s “tariffs and economic nationalism” goods. policy with, as the Trump White House often notes, And all this after China’s economy shrank 6.8 per- “red” China. cent in the first quarter, its first fallback in almost Still, warns another trade analyst during an 50 years, according to the New York Times, because Election Day telephone call, “Never forget that of the coronavirus and its sledgehammer reaction to China is, by far, the shrewdest player in the export it. game. You never see its whole hand until the game is over.” But that Red sledgehammer, comrade, also made way for China’s current purchases of U.S. farm and Wise words — China might be your best customer food exports. According to Bloomberg News, China now, but it will never be your best friend. already has purchased “more than 10 million metric The Farm and Food File is published weekly tons of U.S. corn in the 2020-21 marketing year, or a through the United States and Canada. Past colabout 2.5 mmt more than all of last year.” umns, events and contact information are posted at Moreover, it’s still buying. Some forecasters www.farmandfoodfile.com. v believe China will buy a record 17 mmt, or about 780 million bushels, of corn in 2020-21. If accurate, it will buy all the corn grown this year in Ohio, Pennsylvania and Oklahoma combined. The same trend can be seen in its purchases of U.S. soybeans, pork and beef. All are off to record starts this marketing year as the world’s only healthy major economy continues its grocery-shopping spree. But is it that simple? Is China just sopping up relatively cheap, unsold global food supplies to restock its Covid-depleted pantry; or is there a deeper, less Send your letters to: apparent reason for the buying binge? Editor, The Land Yes and yes, argue several long-time trade analysts. P.O. Box 3287, Mankato, MN 56002 For example, in an Oct. 30 blog post, Daniel e-mail: editor@thelandonline.com Ikenson, a trade expert at the libertarian Cato All letters must be signed and accompanied Institute, argues that President Donald Trump’s by a phone number (not for publication) (and U.S. farmers’) much cherished Phase One trade to verify authenticity. deal with China — the rocket fuel for some of the S:9.666"

AVBL,YGCB,HX1,LL,RR2 (Optimum® Leptra®) – Contains the Agrisure Viptera® trait, the YieldGard® Corn Borer gene, the Herculex® I gene, the LibertyLink® gene and the Roundup Ready ® Corn 2 trait.

What exactly is China buying on its U.S. shopping spree?


AML – Optimum® AcreMax® Leptra® products with AVBL,YGCB,HX1,LL,RR2. Contains a single-bag integrated refuge solution for above-ground insects. In EPA-designated cotton-growing counties, a 20% separate corn borer refuge must be planted with Optimum AcreMax Leptra products.


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MULTIPLE SOAs: THE BEST WEED CONTROL OPTION The easiest weeds to control are those that never emerge. Cliché? Maybe. But as weeds continue to adapt, mounting resistance to herbicides builds every year. Sustainable control has become increasingly more challenging to achieve. The over-reliance of a single site of action (SOA) continues to provide new challenges for weed control in soybeans with each growing season. XtendFlex® soybeans will help farmers focus on the basics of a sound weed management system — multiple SOAs and overlapping residuals, all without having to compromise performance and yield. Sustainable weed control is only possible through the incorporation of a herbicide program that utilizes multiple effective SOAs. Beck’s multi-year Practical Farm Research (PFR)® data has demonstrated the impact and importance of utilizing a pre-emerge program with multiple SOAs (Figure 1).

ADVANTAGES OF THE XTENDFLEX ® SYSTEM XtendFlex soybeans feature the benefits of the Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System with the addition of tolerance to glufosinate. This allows access to multiple effective herbicides to manage each of your fields’ unique weed challenges. Beck’s PFR studies on the effectiveness of combining glufosinate and glyphosate show they are a powerful tool against tough-to-control waterhemp. POWER IN THE PRE™: Controlling weeds early with a pre-emergence application not only reduces the likelihood of developing resistance, but it also

protects soybean yields. The over-reliance on POST programs to control early-emerging weeds is unlikely to provide results and could cause yield losses of up to 2.5% for every growth stage you delay your applications. Put the Power in the Pre™ and let your pre-emergence applications do the heavy lifting. Post-emergence applications can then be used as rescue treatments for weed escapes. POWER OF MULTIPLE SOAs: In-season, Liberty® will provide effective post-emergence control of weeds such as waterhemp, kochia, and giant ragweed. XtendFlex soybeans provide postemergence tolerance to multiple SOAs to control resistant broadleaf weeds. Now farmers can confidently pursue higher yields by making earlyseason herbicide applications and maintain the option of spraying Liberty over-the-top once crops have emerged. POWER OF HIGHYIELDING GERMPLASM: Backed by uncompromising yield potential and outstanding agronomic performance in all maturities, XtendFlex® soybeans are built on the same proven genetic performance of highyielding Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® soybeans, now with the power of Liberty herbicide. While weed control continues to provide new challenges with each growing season, you will have the option to bring the power to your soybean platform in 2021 with XtendFlex soybeans. The EPA is currently reviewing a new registration for XtendiMax® for the 2021 season and beyond.

ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW DIRECTIONS FOR USE ON PESTICIDE LABELING. IT IS A VIOLATION OF FEDERAL AND STATE LAW to use any pesticide product other than in accordance with its labeling. NOT ALL formulations of dicamba or glyphosate are approved for in-crop use with Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® soybeans. ONLY USE FORMULATIONS THAT ARE SPECIFICALLY LABELED FOR SUCH USES AND APPROVED FOR SUCH USE IN THE STATE OF APPLICATION. Contact the U.S. EPA and your state pesticide regulatory agency with any questions about the approval status of dicamba herbicide products for in-crop use with Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® soybeans. Products with XtendFlex® Technology contains genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, glufosinate and dicamba. Glyphosate will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Dicamba will kill crops that are not tolerant to dicamba. Glufosinate will kill crops that are not tolerant to glufosinate. Contact your seed brand dealer or refer to the Bayer Technology Use Guide for recommended weed control programs. XtendFlex®, Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® are trademarks of Bayer Group. Liberty® is a registered trademark of BASF.

FIGURE 1: INFLUENCE OF MULTIPLE SOAs ON WATERHEMP CONTROL (% VISUAL CONTROL) Number of SOAs (Pre-Emerge) Influence on Waterhemp Control from Beck’s Multi-Year Practical Farm Research (PFR) ® data.

97% 89%

60% 3 SOAs

2 SOAs



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Blowin’ in the wind: Mom’s clothesline had many functions When I think of things I Mom would often tell us have had to do without in girls to bring the clothes in my adult life, a clothesline off the line. It seemed such would rank high on the list a daunting task, but it was of things I wish I had back. my first experience with the futuristic notion of “offA clothesline is like a line” as a kid. chocolate cake; you don’t think anything of it when By the time she was finit’s there, but after it’s gone ished with wash day, I’m TABLE TALK you panic a little, then wonpretty sure Mom felt like der what you are going to By Karen Schwaller she had run herself through do now. the wringer. And she still had supper to make. As a kid, our very long Without a microwave. triple-decker clothesline dried a ton of clothes for a family of nine. Mom’s My sister and I became our high homemade clothespin apron held the school badminton champions from our thousands of clothespins it took to constant volleying back and forth over hang a department store’s clothing the clothesline. It helped us dream of section out in the farm breeze (which Wimbledon participation, kept us out wasn’t always pleasant). of Mom’s hair, served as boundary markers for other backyard games and I’m pretty sure that when I was a even was the skeleton for a good fort. child I drew pictures of Mom with clothespins in her mouth, because I A clothesline can put the ‘fun’ in saw her that way so much. But with ‘functional.’ my artistic prowess, I’m also sure the When I had a family of my own, we teacher must have wondered if my had a clothesline and I used it often as mother should pay a visit an orthothe children were growing up. This dontist.

time it was my job to lug the clothes out of the basement and out to the clothesline. The line worked like a dream with a good south breeze and earned its place among laundry day royalty … and it also made me look like I may have needed to visit the orthodontist. It used to be so satisfying to hang the diapers out. The sunshine kept them as white as you could keep diapers, and just the thought of saving so much money on the disposable kind kept me okay with washing and folding them. The trade-off was that nose hairs are now just a memory for us after the bleach and ammonia assaulted them every week in our tiny house. Occasionally, when the south breeze wouldn’t try to blow our cats away, folding jeans turned into hand-to-hand combat, and our towels had better posture than we did. Now and again as I would hang out the sheets or clothing, we would be visited by bird doo-doo fairies. You know them — they would keep your wash day on their calendar and proved most boastful of their regularity, which was spot-on when they found themselves directly aligned with whatever was on the clothesline. I’m not a fan of having to wash something I’ve just washed. I have loaded my fair share of

manure-covered clothing into the washing machine (as hog farm families do) — even without bird doo-doo fairies adding to my angst. It’s hard to stay ahead of that game when the manure falls out of the sky, too. A clothesline today is a window to the past … to an era when people had more time and less money to spend on the laundry. It was both exhausting and exhilarating to hang a clothesline full of clothes, and just as much so when it came time to remove them, fold it all and put it away. And yet, it was one of my favorite sights out of our kitchen window. Full lines meant we had been blessed with a family, that we all had clothes to wear, and also kept me active enough to avoid always having to wear those stretchy pants I normally would reserve for Thanksgiving Day. Our old clothesline no longer exists, and a clothesline doesn’t work where we live today because the south winds would pummel our newly-washed clothes full of gravel road dust. Pity, really, that those punctual and loose bird fairies probably also had to relocate. Karen Schwaller brings “Table Talk” to The Land from her home near Milford, Iowa. She can be reached at kschwaller@evertek.net. v


FSA elections are underway The U.S. Department of Agriculture has mailed ballots for the Farm Service Agency county committee elections to eligible farmers and ranchers across the country. To be counted, ballots must be returned to the local FSA county office or postmarked by Dec. 7. County committee members help FSA make important decisions on its commodity support programs, conservation programs, indemnity and disaster programs, and emergency programs and eligibility. Each committee has three to 11 elected members who serve three-year terms of office, and at least one seat is up for election each year. Newly elected committee members will take office Jan. 1, 2021.. 

Producers must participate or cooperate in an FSA program to be eligible to vote in the county committee election. A cooperating producer is someone who has provided information about their farming or ranching operation(s) but may not have applied or received FSA program benefits. Also, producers who supervise and conduct the farming operations of an entire farm, but are not of legal voting age, may be eligible to vote. This article was submitted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. v


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Transition to electric cars carries consequences By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus Yes, we all champion clean air, but at what price? A study was recently released by the Agricultural Retailers Association. The ARA is a member of the Transportation Fairness Alliance. Economic models for the study were provided by the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s annual outlook. This study reveals how a ban on internal combustion engine vehicles could devastate the agriculture community. If proposals to ban internal combustion engines by 2035 were to happen, consider these consequences:


A decline up to 90 percent of ethanol-enriched fuels which equates to 1.1 billion gallons. A 61 percent decline in biodiesel to 0.8 billion gallons. Corn consumption could decrease by up to 2 billion bushels. Soybean utilization could decrease by up to 470 million bushels. Corn prices could fall up to 50 percent to $1.74 per bushel. Soybean prices could fall up to 44 percent to $4.92 per bushel. Overall, U.S. net farm income would decrease by up to $27 billion.

Any ban results in dramatic decreases in ethanol, biodiesel, corn and soybean prices; plus demand for fertilizer and other agricultural products. This could trigger estimated acreage reduction of 5 to 7 million acres of corn with a related impact on fertilizer is significant. In that scenario, nitrogen demand would be reduced 800,000 to 1 million tons of urea and Urea Ammonium Nitrate. This represents about 15 percent of the urea market and 7 percent of the UAN market in the U.S. Further, the study indicates economic losses throughout the biofuels value chain ranging from $105 billion to $185 billion. Cumulative federal, state and local tax revenue losses could be from $39 billion to $69 billion. v

In troubled times, we all need to take on our nation’s hurt LAND MINDS, from pg. 2

ing their terms, then going home and back to work. All the freebies they have entitled to themselves Congress must abide by all the laws they impose should no longer be tolerated. on the American people As the 2020 election proved, social and political All contracts with past and present Congressman/ preferences are widespread — maybe really wide. Woman are void. The American people did not make Everyone likes to point the finger, telling us who is these contracts with Congressmen/Women. Congress dangerous with all of their shortcomings. If those made all these contracts for themselves. people could only be more like us everything would Serving in Congress is an honor, not a career. The be okay. Founding Fathers envisioned citizen legislators serv-

MINNESOTA FARM & RURAL HELPLINE minnesotafarmstress.com CALL 833-600-2670 TEXT farmstress to 898211 EMAIL farmstress@state.mn.us

Well, everything is not going to be okay — at least for quite a while. It doesn’t play well on the campaign trail, but the United States (Republicans, Democrats, atheists and the Marijuana Party) is in for a period of hurt. Do we take on that hurt or do we blame those we don’t like? I say we take it on. It sounds like a plan. Paul Malchow is the managing editor of The Land. He may be reached at editor@TheLandOnline.com. v

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Chase the chilly temperatures with a hot mug of… The chill of fall has arrived and we are in the throes of colder days. That, coupled with being in a pandemic, we need something to warm the soul. It’s become a habit of mine to have a cup of tea in the evening. Sipping on something warm at night helps me decompress and relax. I’ve ventured out of my Sleepy Time Tea box and found some other tasty drinks to keep you warm and comforted in these crazy times. I like a good hot chocolate, but this one speaks to me as it has white chocolate and caramel — taking it up a notch on the warm drink scale.

n n I became a fan of chai lattes back in high school There’s nothing more soothing than a hot lemon drink. Whether and haven’t stopped adoring this hot drink. Here’s a you have a sore throat or just want to enjoy the calming effects great recipe for making tasty chai lattes at home. of this warm drink, lemon does the trick every time.

Chai Tea Latte

https://www.tasteofhome.com/recipes/chai-tealatte/ 2 tea bags COOKING 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon WITH KRISTIN 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger By Kristin Kveno 1/4 teaspoon ground allspice 1 cup water 1 cup whole milk White Hot Chocolate 1/4 cup packed brown sugar https://foodapparel.com/white-hot-chocolate-recipe/ 2 tablespoons refrigerated French vanilla nondairy creamer 4 cups whole milk or half and half optional: whipped topping and ground nutmeg 1 cup chopped white chocolate Place the tea bags, cinnamon, ginger and allspice in the coffee 1 teaspoon vanilla filter of a drip coffeemaker. Add water, brew according to manuWarm milk over medium-low heat, stirring frequently. Once facturer’s directions. Meanwhile, in a small saucepan, combine milk starts comes to a scald, add white chocolate and vanilla, the milk, brown sugar and creamer. Cook and stir over medium turn off heat, and whisk until smooth. Serve with whipped cream heat until heated through and sugar is dissolved. Pour milk mixand caramel sauce. ture into mugs; stir in tea. If desired, dollop with whipped topping and sprinkle with nutmeg. n Hot cider is the quintessential fall drink. This recipe has the right amount of spices to make the cider extra delicious.

Hot Spiced Cider

https://www.allrecipes.com/recipe/9423/hot-spiced-cider/ 1/4 cup packed brown sugar 1/2 teaspoon whole allspice 1 teaspoon whole cloves 1 cinnamon stick 1/4 teaspoon salt 1 pinch ground nutmeg 1 large orange, quartered with peel 2 quarts apple cider Place filter in coffee basket, and fill with brown sugar, allspice, cloves, cinnamon stick, salt, nutmeg, and orange wedges. Pour apple cider into coffee pot where the water usually goes. Brew and serve hot.


Early deadline for ads in The Land Due to the Thanksgiving holiday The Land office will be closed on Thursday, Nov. 26th & Friday, Nov. 27th. Deadline for The Land’s Nov. 27th issue is Tues., Nov. 17th at noon. Deadline for The Land’s Dec. 4th issue is Tues., Nov. 24th at noon.

Hot Honey Lemon Drink

https://www.food.com/recipe/great-grandmas-hot-honey-lemondrink-415248 8 ounces water 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice (we have used the bottled kind too) 2 tablespoons honey Boil water and pour into mug. Stir in lemon and honey Stay cozy in these cold months with a nice warm mug of something delightful! Kristin Kveno scours the internet, pours over old family recipes and searches everywhere in between to find interesting food ideas for feeding your crew. Do you have a recipe you want to share? You can reach Kristin at kkveno@thelandonline.com. v

Perennial crop insurance deadline nears The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Risk Management Agency is reminding growers the final date to apply for crop insurance for perennial crops (such as apples, cranberries, grapes, and tart cherries) is Nov. 20 for the 2021 crop year.  Growers who are interested in the Whole-Farm Revenue Protection policy and are late fiscal year filers have until Nov. 20 to apply for crop insurance. Current policyholders who wish to make changes to

their existing coverage also have until the Nov. 20 sales closing date to do so.   Producers are encouraged to visit their crop insurance agent soon to learn specific details for the 2021 crop year. Agents can help producers determine what policy works best for their operation and review existing coverage to ensure the policy meets their needs.  This article was submitted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. v

Website connects farmers, landowners AMES, Iowa — Accessing land to graze, or finding livestock farmers to partner with, can be a barrier to expanding integrated crop-livestock systems. A new website by the Midwest Perennial Forage Working Group seeks to address this challenge. The Midwest Grazing Exchange (midwestgrazingexchange.com) is a free matchmaking service which aims to connect graziers and landowners who live in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri and Wisconsin. Graziers can search for forage to graze and landowners can search for livestock to graze their land. The website lets users search listings through an interactive map with filters for criteria like season, land or livestock type. Landowners can create listings of what land or livestock they have to offer. Website users can create a free account to save listings of interest, add new listings, see contact details and message other users. They can also browse a curated list of grazing resources, including examples

of grazing lease agreements and contracts. The website also lists grazing specialists and organizations offering grazing support for each state participating in the exchange. For questions about the website, contact Meghan at (515) 232-5661 or meghan@practicalfarmers.org. The Midwest Perennial Forage Working Group’s mission is to increase land used for pasture and perennial forage production in the Upper Midwest, and to improve the environmental performance of farming systems while maintaining agricultural production and profitability. The MPFWG is a branch of Green Lands Blue Waters, an organization that champions integrating perennial plants and continuous living cover in the agricultural landscape. This article was submitted by Practical Farmers of Iowa. v


www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


A collective sigh of relief as 2020 crops are in the books

Andy Pulk — Wannaska, Minn. Nov. 6

“We’re finishing up corn today.” The Land spoke with Andy Pulk on Nov. 6 as he was just hours of away from wrapping up harvest 2020. “The field conditions are awesome.” Unfortunately, the same can’t be said for the corn yields. “Corn is subpar, a little dis- Andy Pulk appointed in this.” The crop took a hit this fall. “Early frost really did a number on it.”

  



Compiled by KRISTIN KVENO – The Land Staff Writer

“All of the crops have been below what I hoped for,” Pulk said. The excessive amount of rain in June hurt the crops overall. Planting and harvest went great; it was the weather in between that was the issue. “I haven’t talk to anyone that was overly excited about crop yields. It’s probably my poorest yielding corn.” There was definitely frustration for Pulk this year when it came to corn. Though he’s thankful that he got the crop harvested this fall instead of next year as he once feared might have to happen. Next year with the prices higher, Pulk will be going heavy on planting corn and soybeans. “Corn is historically one of my best money-making crops, it’s one of my lower risk crops. I love growing corn.” With opportunity to finish corn today, wrapping up work in the field this fall has turned out well for Pulk. “Everything is in beautiful condition going into spring.” With the ground conditions in such good shape, Pulk is taking a little time hunt. “I plan on spending the next week hunting.” After that he’ll be moving grain. Last week he moved about 400 tons of hay off the farm. “Compared to last year, we’re just elated that fall is going so great.” Not a bad way to finish 2020 harvest.

Deters — Sauk Centre, Minn.  Colby Nov. 10 Grain corn harvest is finished on the Deters farm. The Land spoke with Colby Deters on Nov. 10 as he reported that the last 70 acres went fine, the ground though was a little muddy. “The corn was nice and dry.” Deters got the corn stalks baled and hauled. “We were able to get in there and get a whole bunch of them (corn stalk bales),” Deters said. Colby Deters “A lot of spreading manure and tillage is all we got left.” The weather looks good for getting in the field and finishing that up. On the dairy side, Deters has some winter preparations he’s working on. That includes moving calf hutches closer to the barn and make sure the water works. He also got the lagoon pit pumped, starting on Nov. 4 and finished on Nov. 8. Looking ahead to next year, there’s not a whole lot Deters will change. “We’ll probably manage pretty similar to this year.” Deters is considering adding soybeans to his planting rotation. “It all goes to feed.” This fall afforded Deters the opportunity to get everything he wanted and needed to get done in the field accomplished, having the ability to get the cornstalks baled was crucial. With manure spreading and tillage left to get done and a promising forecast there’s reason to celebrate a successful fall. And with good yields too! “There’s always things we want to improve. We’re happy with how the yields went.”


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“We did finish corn.” The Land spoke with Todd Wentzel on Nov. 5 as he reported that he wrapped up corn harvest on Oct. 24. That was about a week earlier than normal. “We had some excellent, excellent Todd Wentzel yield.” Some were 20 to 30 bushels above average. The soybeans were a good crop this year for Wentzel. “They were all above APH (actual production history).” In addition to the soybeans for next year, Wentzel plans to plant black beans again as well. He likes that the crop provided an additional income opportunity this year and that he could harvest them before soybeans and not at the same time. Wentzel is still working in the field digging rock and doing dirt work. Then comes the task of cleaning up and putting equipment away before winter really sets in. This year wasn’t without challenges. A summer storm caused extensive hail damage to Wentzel’s corn crop. The corn that wasn’t hit with hail though did exceptionally well and for that Wentzel is grateful. With good yields in soybeans and a successful first year growing black beans, there has been a lot of highlights this harvest. “We had a pretty good year. Not a whole lot I would change.”

03 FREIGHTLINER For Sale Price: $19,500

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2015 KENWORTH T660

Nov. 5

Manual; Air Ride Suspension; 3:58 Ratio; LP 22.5 Tires; Aluminum/Steel Wheels; 177 in Wheelbase; Tandem Axle; 12.7 Detroit Engine 430 hp; Drive Side: Left Hand Drive; cruise, air dump, air slide, brakes and drums 50%, clean, just in. 587,000 miles

Aluminum Wheels; Tandem Axle; Aluminum Composition; 66 in Inside Height; AG HOPPER Model; 2 Hoppers; 11R 24.5 Tires; Electric tarp, SS front corners and rear, sight windows, 3 rows of 5 bullet lights, virgin bridgestones.

Detroit Engine, 500 HP, Fitzgerald glider kit, no emissions,full lockers, new brakes & drums, jake, cruise, tilt tele, PW, PL, PM, air slide 5th, air dump, load gauge. 491,468 miles.


Wentzel —  Todd Murdock, Minn.

23774 380th Ave. Hancock, MN 56244 P: (320) 795-2827 F: (320) 795-2892 www.kannegiessertrucksales.com


Manual; Air Ride Suspension; LP 22.5 Tires; All Aluminum Wheels; 192 in Wheelbase; Tandem Axle; 3176 Caterpillar Engine 380 hp; Drive Side: Left Hand Drive; recent injectors, new king pins, rear bushings and alignment, clean, steers are 50%, drives are 80%, brakes are 80%, drums are 60%, cruise, air ride cab, air slide 5th. 649,041 miles

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Hydraulic brakes, Cummines engine, 210HP, 5.9 Engine, 6+4 speed, Suspension Hendrickson, Tandem Axles, Left hand drive, Steel wheels, 11R22.5 Tires, 99,108 Miles.

For Sale Price: $4,900

2020 DEMCO

40’; Aluminum Wheels; Tandem Axle; Aluminum Composition; 68 in Inside Height; AG HOPPER Model; 2 Hopper; 11R 24.5 Tires; Spring Suspension; ladder and cat walks; LED lights; sight windows.

For Sale Price: $31,750

T:3.417" S:2.917"


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Always follow stewardship practices in accordance with the Product Use Guide (PUG) or other product-specific stewardship requirements including grain marketing and pesticide label directions. Varieties with BOLT® technology provide excellent plant-back flexibility for soybeans following application of sulfonylurea (SU) herbicides such as DuPont™ LeadOff ® or DuPont™ Basis ® Blend as a component of a burndown program or for doublecrop soybeans following SU herbicides such as DuPont™ Finesse ® applied to wheat the previous fall. Always follow grain marketing, stewardship practices and pesticide label directions. Varieties with the Glyphosate Tolerant trait (including those designated by the letter “R” in the product number) contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate herbicides. Glyphosate herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Always follow grain marketing, stewardship practices and pesticide label directions. Varieties with the Genuity® Roundup Ready 2 Yield® (RR2Y) trait contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup ® brand agricultural herbicides. Roundup ® brand agricultural herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Genuity®, Roundup ® and Roundup Ready 2 Yield® are registered trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC used under license. Individual results may vary, and performance may vary from location to location and from year to year. This result may not be an indicator of results you may obtain as local growing, soil and weather conditions may vary. Growers should evaluate data from multiple locations and years whenever possible. Varieties with the STS® trait are tolerant to certain sulfonylurea (SU) herbicides. This technology allows post-emergent applications of DuPont™ Synchrony® XP and DuPont™ Classic ® herbicides without crop injury or stress (see herbicide product labels). NOTE: A soybean variety with a herbicide tolerant trait does not confer tolerance to all herbicides. Spraying herbicides not labeled for a specific soybean variety will result in severe plant injury or plant death. Always read and follow herbicide label directions and precautions for use. Varieties with the LibertyLink® (LL) gene are resistant to Liberty ® herbicide. Liberty®, LibertyLink® and the Water Droplet Design are registered trademarks of BASF.

SCN = Resistant to one or more races of soybean cyst nematode.

Pioneer® brand products are provided subject to the terms and conditions of purchase which are part of the labeling and purchase documents. TM ® SM Trademarks and service marks of Corteva Agriscience and its affiliated companies. © 2020 Corteva. PION0LOCL055


P = Plenish® high oleic soybeans for contract production only. Plenish® high oleic soybeans have an enhanced oil profile and are produced and channeled under contract to specific grain markets. Growers should refer to the Pioneer Product Use Guide on www.pioneer.com/stewardship for more information.

Is there a bush or small tree (possibly not change color in the fall. The plant up to 20 feet tall) on your property that is flowers in May or June and produces still green? There is a noxious weed small berries which turn from green to known as buckthorn which is likely to black and remain on the plant in the still have green leaves — even after our winter. A problem with identifying buckrecent low temperatures. thorn is that it can be confused with native plants such as wild cherry, wild The problem plants are the common or plum, chokecherry and dogwood. GREEN AND European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartiGROWING ca) and the glossy buckthorn (Frangula Native buckthorn has stipules or long alnus). Both varieties have male and green extensions at the base of each By Linda G. Tenneson female plants with berries found only on stalk, and it does not have thorns. There the female plants. Both a female and a male plant are also some differences between the flowers of the are needed to produce berries. native and non-native plants. Go to minnesotawildflowers.info/shrub/alder-leaved-buckthorn for more There is also a native version called Alder-leaf buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia) which looks like the details and illustrations of the stipules. problem non-native plant. However, the native verThe non-native buckthorn is an aggressive grower sion is shorter — growing to only 3 feet tall and is which crowds out native plants and shelters the not aggressive. soybean aphid insect. Plus, the plant gives off a The web site extension.umn.edu/identify-invasive- chemical which keeps other plant seeds from germinating. It creates dense shade, crowding out native species/common-buckthorn has a video which plants. Once established, it is difficult to remove. describes the best way to identify buckthorn. Both non-native buckthorn plants are on the Another useful website is 1854treatyauthority.org/ images/IDComparisonsofInvasiveBuckthorn&Honey restricted noxious weed list. It is illegal to import, suckletoNativePlantsinNEMN which has a lot of pic- sell or transport them in Minnesota. tures of both the common and the glossy buckthorn If the berries are eaten by birds, they have a laxaand the plants that they may be confused with. tive effect and are quickly defecated in other locations. The name “buckthorn” comes from the two slightly Unfortunately, the seeds have a high germination curved horn-like projections at the end of each stem. rate and can remain viable for five or more years. They look like the hooves of a buck deer. In between Young plants may be pulled out of the ground the horn-like projections is a small thorn. Common with their roots. Taller established plants can be buckthorn has serrated or saw-toothed leaves, while sawed off near ground level. However, the remainthe glossy buckthorn has leaves with smooth on the ing stumps must be sprayed with herbicide — makedges. The glossy buckthorn prefers to grow in wet ing sure to cover the cambium or growing layer outareas, but has been found in other places. The bark side the heartwood and just under the bark. If not is smooth and shiny, and gray or brown with lighttreated, the remaining roots will sprout — creating colored lenticels or corky projections. If the outer many new plants. layer of the bark is scraped with a knife, the inner Linda G. Tenneson is a University of Minnesota layer is orange. The leaves are dark green and oval master gardener and tree care advisor. v — plus the leaf veins are easy to see. The leaves do B:10.166"

Varieties with Enlist E3® (E3) technology: The transgenic soybean event in Enlist E3 ® soybeans is jointly developed and owned by Dow AgroSciences LLC and M.S. Technologies L.L.C. The Enlist weed control system is owned and developed by Dow AgroSciences LLC. Enlist Duo ® and Enlist One ® herbicides are not registered for sale or use in all states or counties. Contact your state pesticide regulatory agency to determine if a product is registered for sale or use in your area. Enlist Duo and Enlist One herbicides are the only 2,4-D products authorized for use in Enlist crops. Always read and follow label directions. Consult Enlist herbicide labels for weed species controlled.

Late fall is easy to identify buckthorn


DO NOT APPLY DICAMBA HERBICIDE IN-CROP TO SOYBEANS WITH Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® technology unless you use a dicamba herbicide product that is specifically labeled for that use in the location where you intend to make the application. IT IS A VIOLATION OF FEDERAL AND STATE LAW TO MAKE AN IN-CROP APPLICATION OF ANY DICAMBA HERBICIDE PRODUCT ON SOYBEANS WITH Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® technology, OR ANY OTHER PESTICIDE APPLICATION, UNLESS THE PRODUCT LABELING SPECIFICALLY AUTHORIZES THE USE. Contact the U.S. EPA and your state pesticide regulatory agency with any questions about the approval status of dicamba herbicide products for in-crop use with soybeans with Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® technology. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Soybeans with Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® technology contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate and dicamba. Glyphosate herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Dicamba will kill crops that are not tolerant to dicamba. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® is a registered trademark of Monsanto Technology LLC used under license.


Fund-A-Farmer grants available Food Animal Concerns Trust (FACT) is accepting grant applications for livestock and poultry farmers who wish to expand animal welfare, build capacity, and/or improve pasture for their animals. Grants of up to $2,500 are available to independent family farmers who raise beef cattle, bison, broiler chickens, dairy cows, goats, laying hens, pigs, sheep and/or turkeys. All applications will be submitted online through one main Fund-a-Farmer grant application, no matter the type of project. Only one application per farm per year will be accepted. All proposed projects must begin and be completed within the time frame of February 2021 through May 2022. Projects completed before February 2021 are not eligible for funding. Eligible expense categories include: materials, supplies, equipment, shipping/ delivery costs, consultant/professional fees, travel, training, and hired labor costs.

The purchase of animals (with the exception of livestock guardian dogs and breeding stock for animal welfare-certified farms), land, or recurring operational expenses such as animal feed will not be funded. Projects related to the production of raw milk or to the slaughter of animals will not be funded. Farmers must agree to a possible scheduled farm visit(s) by FACT and/or ASPCA staff. Applications must be submitted online by 11:59 p.m. on Dec. 1 to be considered for this round of funding. Grants will be awarded in February 2021. Questions regarding grant requirements and an application form is available at grants@foodanimalconcerns.org. This article was submitted by the National Farmers Union. v

B:10.417" T:10.417"


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OUR SECRET TO SUCCESS? HAVING NO SECRETS. To see the latest results near you, contact your local Pioneer sales professional or text HARVE ST to 94 353.








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Data is based on an average of 2020 comparisons made in Minnesota through October 28, 2020. Comparisons are against all competitors, unless otherwise stated, and within +/- 5 RM of the competitive brand. Product responses are variable and subject to any number of environmental, disease and pest pressures. Individual results may vary. Multi-year and multi-location data are a better predictor of future performance. DO NOT USE THIS OR ANY OTHER DATA FROM A LIMITED NUMBER OF TRIALS AS A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR IN PRODUCT SELECTION. Refer to www.pioneer.com or contact a Pioneer sales representative or authorized dealer for the latest and complete listing of traits and scores for each Pioneer® brand product. By texting HARVEST, you agree to receive recurring autodialed marketing text messages at the phone number you provide. Your consent is not a condition of purchase. Message and data rates may apply. pioneer.com/privacy Pioneer® brand products are provided subject to the terms and conditions of purchase which are part of the labeling and purchase documents. © 2020 Corteva. PION0LOCL055_TP


Trademarks and service marks of Corteva Agriscience and its affiliated companies.


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Local banker is optimistic after healthy crop year

By DICK HAGEN great job breaking down crop residue; and can build The Land Staff Writer Emeritus soil health by keeping more structure in place. OLIVIA, Minn. — As Minnesota’s The Land: Is this season making your farm cusfirst ‘winter storm’ was blanketing tomers more financially healthy? fields with 6 to 8 inches of snow, Peterson: Well, we won’t be seeing things quite as F&M Bank President Erik Peterson dire (meaning horrible) as they have the past couple was graciously willing to share a few of years. Good yields have helped; safety nets prominutes of his time on Oct. 22. vided through USDA are important; and I give credit Peterson, 40, is into his third year Erik Peterson to farmers doing a good job keeping expenses in as bank president. He grew up as a check. So overall, things are looking more reasonable farm kid with his father, Rabbi, and grandfather than past years. Paul, raising corn, soybeans, and pig farming on their The Land: Is debt load an increasing reality in farmstead just north of Olivia. Peterson majored in farm finances? mechanical engineering at North Dakota State Peterson: Overall farm debt is on the rise, but University. Upon graduating, Emerson Electric out we’re expecting it to cycle. Like most banks supportof St. Louis offered him a position and a Master’s degree opportunity at the University of Minnesota. ing agriculture, we take a long-term view across the Soon Peterson was flying to China and other Asian ups and downs. Yes, some operations dug a bit of a countries making business deals on behalf of Emerson hole in prior years. 2020 might backfill some debt, Electric. After 14 years with Emerson, Peterson but there’s still work to do.” decided Minnesota agriculture and working in a busThe Land: Some economists say money is a ‘bartling new bank in his hometown should be the next gain’ these days with interest rates on a downward chapter in his life. trend. What are your thoughts? The Land: Was Crop Year 2020 a good year? Peterson: Guidance from the FED (Federal Peterson: We would have liked for the weather to Reserve Board) tells us short-term interest rates are cooperate a little bit longer here at the end, but it was not expected to change for potentially a few years. a nice growing season. Yields are really good. Sugar That should keep variable rate operating loan costs beet crop so big that it’s maxing out the plant’s pro- down. Long-term money, for land or buildings, looks cessing capacity. And great quality with over 17 per- pretty optimistic right now also. Bonds are a primary cent sugar content. This is a welcome improvement money source and those rates are staying low; but they’re tougher to predict. There’s a lot of uncertainty after several years in the red for those producers. around inflation and where it might go, but the FED Soybean and corn yields really good — even sperecently indicated that when it starts to creep up, cialty crops like our edible navy beans were above they’ll let it run longer than they have in the past average. Our sweet corn farmers faced some slowbefore they pump the brake … creating a likely delay downs because our canneries couldn’t always keep up or lag for when they would increase benchmark CTIONS 3.75 wide Please read attached email with daily harvest from grower fields. interest rates. The Land: So the big question, how were yields on The Land: What are these rates today? Petersen thisAND year? CODE under “Local Sales Rep” ADD REPfarms INFO Peterson: They’re historically low. On home loans Peterson: They did fine. It’s all out of the field so for example, we saw the 15-year rates as low as low ONthat’s ORDER good! Now we’re wrapping up tillage and getto mid-2s. Land deals are pretty variable, but typiting manure incorporated for next year’s corn crop. cally start with a 4. Yes, I recall my Granddad Paul Vertical tillage has become popular — especially with trying to work with interest rates in the 20-22 permore weather challenges each fall. Yesterday our cent range in the ‘80s. Almost impossible to believe Salford tillage equipment was working with several today! inches of snow on the ground. It gives you a little But now with these moderate rates on land it will more window to work in tough conditions; it does a be interesting to see the effect on land values. Over time, we see land values trend up when interest rates go down and vice versa. With lower rates, buyers might afford a little more in the budget and sellers might asking more. We’re already seeing this If nobenames arefor listed in residential housing. As rates go down there’s more on Insertion Order: people buying; and that’s part of the reason home Remove “local sales prices are trending up rep” these days. and Land: replaceIswith: The it fair to say consumers — including farmers — have more money to put to work these MN Lic #BC048615 days? Michael Luft: Worthington IA Lic David Baldner: Austin-Rochester C088675 Peterson: I would say consumers face a mixed bag right now. Some real challenges facing many house-

holds while others are trying to find better return on their assets — especially those on a fixed income. The stock market has enjoyed a good run, but tough to weigh where it will go. Plus, safe investments, like money markets, have such low returns these days that people are looking for other ways to generate returns on their assets. The Land: Now that China is rebuilding their swine industry, is the U.S. swine industry likely to continue in financial turmoil? (The Peterson family also operates a 4,000-hog grow out program which produces about 12,000 pigs yearly.) Peterson: Yes, the hog market has been very turbulent. It’s tough to say what’s ahead, but for hog operations with some integration and hedging, they’ll be okay. We’re optimistic for the long term. China continues to grow. They have huge populations with increasing earnings. That tends to change diet preference to higher-end protein sources. And there’s only so much useable land in China so they’ll always need outside help. It’s just a question from where. They know it’s in their best interest to have multiple sources for the same product. So even as China rebuilds their internal supply chain for pork, many expect we’ll still see solid overall exports of U.S. farm products to China. The Land: Do you advise your farm customers on marketing — particularly on hedging? Peterson: A good question. It’s really up to our customers. We offer an opinion when asked and let our farmers run their operations. Like many ag banks, if a customer wants to get bigger into hedging to manage their marketing risk, we’ll break out a separate account to keep a clean financial structure. We don’t want to see their hedging account being muddied up with their operating money.” The Land: With record crop yields around here, did growers have adequate bin space? Peterson: Apparently so. We’re not seeing outdoor corn piles. Plus virtually all corn went directly from the combine into storage, bypassing the dryers. Being able to avoid the cost, the labor, and the time of having to dry your grain before storage is a substantial saving. One farmer joked his savings on propane this year can make his annual payment on his new dryer. Good sense of humor. Also, teams at the local elevators did an excellent job of moving grain as needed — both on exports out and new grain in. Nothing was overloaded like last year. The Land: With more and more money needed by farmers to run their operations each year, is the banking industry continuing as a dependable financial source? Peterson: Yes, we’re very much aware of farming getting more capital intense which also applies to we lenders. We’re fortunate to have common ownership with a few other larger banks in rural Minnesota, so we keep our local rural focus; but have the financial See PETERSON, pg. 13


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Seehusen brothers pleased with hemp firm’s first year By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus OLIVIA, Minn. — With the 2020 harvest behind us, I thought I’d check in on prairiePROducers— the Olivia hemp brokerage started up by brothers Tim and Paul Seehusen. The firm works with area farmers to fill hemp contracts with assorted Tim Seehusen product producers and the Seehusens were aiming for 1,000 acres planted in 2020. “No, we didn’t reach that 1,000-acre goal,” Tim admitted. “Our growers planted 180 acres. However, we did a bunch of learning and that should make next year’s crop a little bit better. We were hoping for 5,000 to 7,000 pounds of fiber per acre. We were using seed varieties out of Canada. In our lower latitudes down here we likely didn’t get full growth out of the plants. Longer summer days up there make some difference.” “Next year we’ll be going only with an all-fiber variety for a little more weight and height. Yes, 7,000 lbs. would be an excellent crop. The right variety with

a growing season like this year and 9,000-pound yields are doable too. This year we averaged just a little over 5,000 pounds fiber. Our seed source will be from a European country with seed production in about the same latitude as us.” He notes Wisconsin hemp growers getting 40 to 50 cents per pound for their grain; but nothing for the fiber (about 3 feet of fiber from each plant). “But we could be the buyer of this fiber. For them that would be just a little more frosting on the cake.” Yet to be installed are decortication equipment and refining tools ”for combing out the fiber to make it more ‘cotton-like’ plus special equipment to process the hurd,” noted Tim. As word spreads into the financial world, Tim is very encouraged since potential investors are now contacting the Seehusens! Buyers will likely be scattered across the textile and manufacturing industries. So far, textile firms are primary contacts. ”We’re happy with this first year,” Tim exclaimed. “Yes, we made a few mistakes, but gratified we were spot-on with most of our decisions. Most of our growers did 20 acres with field sizes ranging from 10 acres

Bank works with other lenders PETERSON, from pg. 12 banking in our network to do larger projects. The current interest rate environment is helping too. Many operations are taking the opportunity to refinance and restructure their debt which helps their cash flow. The Land: In situations such as wanting bigger equipment, or renting more land, or simply wanting to start farming … what’s the advice? Peterson: We are a community bank so our major mission is to help grow and support our community. And if we have a financing request we can’t make work, we have no problem going out to other institutions. FSA often is that good helping hand for young and beginning farmers. Expansion might make sense, but not always. Each operation is unique. And yes, every banker has some challenging discussions. Unfortunately in some situations, “no” is the better answer — but only if we have explored every logical option available … either within our bank or with other financial sources. Sometimes an analytical, neutral opinion might not be the answer an owner wants to hear; but it can be important they hear and consider their options. The Land: Slip on your Chamber of Commerce cap. Why should any farmer or business entity want to join with this Olivia community? Peterson: This area continues to be a seedbed of success stories. We need to keep our entrepreneurial spirit to maintain our thriving community. At F&M we take pride in our building here in Olivia; formed years ago by farmers and business owners of the area, each with ties to the seed industry dating back to Trojan Seed some 60 years ago. Once you get that

charisma working, it seems each generation feels a responsibility to keep it going and advancing to the next level. There’s a precedent of innovation from Renville County. Hemp farming may be next. The Seehusens and their team at PrairiePRO are paving a new path in the complex, growing world of industrial hemp. The Land: And any new learning from your 2020 farming experience? Peterson: (Chuckling) Of course. Plenty of mistakes and lessons learned again this year. I recall my Granddad saying, “Learn something new every day, but never forget to keep on learning.” Every farmer likes the challenge of trying to improve each year, but agriculture is unique from other businesses as you only get one chance a year. In my lifetime (God willing) I’ll get maybe 30-40 chances to try and apply the lessons learned and that’s it. Game over! This is why agriculture is a many-splendored ambition … often at the whim of Mother Nature … but often incredibly rewarding too! The Land: Could 2021 be almost as good as 2020? Peterson: We hope so, or even better. U.S. agriculture is becoming a desirable business partner for more and more people worldwide and we hope our trade channels and pricing continue to improve. Current grain markets have experienced a nice bounce; and with a weaker dollar, we’re still competitive on the global market. Some producers are putting a price floor on part of the production for next year. With the good Lord favoring us with another comparable growing season, 2021 can be a prosperous year also — but with less October snow! v

to 50. One grower double-cropped after his pea harvest … that didn’t fare well. Yes, we know farmers like to experiment also … that’s what we appreciate about these guys. They were willing to take a chance on us.” Grower contracts dictate growers don’t get their checks until “year end.” Once buyers get into the market, the revenue stream for prairiPROducers will be solidified. “So we’re enthused — even though our strategy is a reverse of starting a business. Usually you want the demand; then start the processing. But our potential buyers aren’t signing orders until they can be assured of steady supplies. And that’s why 2021 will really be our launching year,” summed up Tim Seehusen. v


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After tough years, 2020 sugar beet crop a needed hit By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus For veteran Bird Island area farmer Keith McNamara, sugar beet farming dates back into the 1980s. However, he recalls in the 1960s, ‘70s era his father, Larry, would haul his beets to a processing facility at Chaska, Minn. After that plant’s demise, Larry and other Minnesota beet farmers would haul to a rail-car siding in Bird Island for railroad delivery to sugar beet processing facility on the north edge of Mason City, Iowa. Fast forward to the May, 1973 construction start of the huge Southern Minnesota Beet Sugar Company facility at Renville, Minn. Larry was a charter board member of the new co-op. In 1975 nearly 50,000 acres of beets were planted by 400 farmers in 12 westcentral Minnesota counties. That 1975 crop produced 768,000 tons of sugar beets. Since that time, continual improvements and additions have increased grower base to 465 shareholders and 100,000 shares. SMBSC has also made many economic contributions over the years. Currently, there are nearly 500 shareholders with operations in 17 counties. The largest sugar beet plant in the United States employs 350 full-time and 450 seasonal workers. SMBSC produces enough sugar for 12.5 million people. I visited with Keith on Oct. 9 as he monitored his fleet of 10 semi rigs being field-loaded by a huge German-built machine. The unit gathered beets from a half-mile long berm of freshly-harvested beets on the west end of a 180-acre sugar beet field. For us newcomers to such a scene, I mostly just marveled this new system. Beets get field loaded and delivered directly to the processing plant. Surpriing to me, this is how the beet crop is routinely handled in Germany where fields are smaller. They don’t use piling sites located in various parts of their sugar beet production areas. If SMBSC were to adopt this system it could justify a significant reduction in manpower and equipment.

“We’ve been reviewing this system since about 2012,” admitted SMBSC Vice President of Agriculture Todd Geselius. “We’ve looked at different ways, but still haven’t found the best way that works for us. We did not use it that past two years when we had smaller crops. But when we did have larger crops we used as a way to mitigate how many tons were going into our various piling sites. This year we are sending these loads directly here to the factory.” In 2020, 380 growers planted 121,500 acres and produced an estimated 3.5 million tons of sugar beets. A typical beet weighs 2 pounds, is 75% moisture and produces 6-8 ounces of processed sugar. Minnesota is #1 sugar beet producing state (tons produced). Minnesota accounts for 35% of national sugar beet production. The Russian Federation tops the world in sugar beet production. Their 2018 crop produced 42.1 million tones accounting for 15.27 percent of the world’s sugar beet production. The next four top countries are America, Germany, France and Turkey which account for 56.92 percent of the world’s production based on 2018 data.

harvesters and other big equipment.” With semi rigs being loaded at the end of this field, isn’t there a fair amount of soil compaction occurring? “Sure, if soils were wet this would be a concern,” explained Geselius. “You can’t avoid compaction when you’re running loaded beet trucks over the same portion of a field. But with the extremely favorable weather conditions for this harvest — plus remarkably dry soils — it’s a lesser issue this year.” None the less, grower Ron Mehlhouse was using a big 4WD tractor and vertical tillage machine on this compacted area as soon as the semi rigs departed the field. Geselius was reluctant to predict how big the 2020 sugar beet crop will be. “I’d rather not put a number out today,” he said. “We’ll know in about three weeks when this harvest season will be pretty much wrapped up, assuming no weather interruptions. Yes, lots of good yields out there. I can’t predict a record, but it will be close.” Geselius added SMBSC growers planted about 121, 500 acres this season. He said there were a few drowned-out spots, but he figures about 119,000 acres will be harvested. And good sugar content too. “The last few days sugar contents have been quite good … helped by this great sunshine and favorable temps. It looks like we’re going to average about 17 percent when all done.” The SMBSC processing facility located east side of Renville has the appetite to handle a big harvest. “When we’re clipping along we can do about 16,000 tons per hour,” said Geselius. And if growers averaged 30 tons per acre you can do the arithmetic on total tonnage to be processed. That transcends into about 223 days (mid-April) processing campaign without disruptive slowdowns.

“But that created other problems because we eliminated ‘management pile’ techniques in the process. So we’re trying to find a different way to utilize the machine. So this year we’re putting these beets into long-term storage piles to see how they store. If they store, that opens some new possibilities. When fieldloaded such as from the Mehlhouse field, the beets are quite clean. This year’s harvest is uniquely good in that respect.” Called a ReLoader machine, the Germany-based company manufacturing this particular machine is HOMER. Geselius noted other companies make Summed up Geselius, “It’s so refreshing to not have similar machines. “A more commonly-known name is See SUGAR BEETS, pg. 18 ROPA. These companies also make self-propelled

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Are edible beans still the ‘quiet crop?’ By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus Over the years I’ve liked to keep the readers of The Land informed about the commodity of edible beans. In December 2006 I wrote an article, “Edible beans, Minnesota’s ‘quiet crop’.” I led off the article with this: Perhaps because Minnesota ranks Robb Zenk only sixth in the nation in the production of dry edible beans, this crop seldom makes farm magazine headlines. Depending on the price outlook, Minnesota farmers grow only 120,000 to 170,000 acres per year. This fall (2007) the edible bean crop is making good coffee shop conversation because it appears to be generating more revenue per acre than soybeans. With potential new uses such as a renewable fuel resource, the crop could have a brighter future. Bounce ahead to November 2009 when my message read: Sometimes you just luck out — especially when Mother Nature assists with the production of record yields. Such is the satisfaction of Minnesota farmers growing navy beans in 2009 Check the arithmetic: Yields generally exceeding 3,000 pounds per acre. Contract prices at $27 per hundredweight. Total production costs (land at $200) of about $350 per acre. That shows a net profit of $460 per acre. And with some yields zipping up to 3,900 lbs./acre there’s little doubt navy beans put some bucks into grower’s bank account. So much for past history. What’s the coffee shop talk this year? Even diehard conservatives are chattering about harvest yields from all crops this year — including dry edible beans. So today I’m zeroing in on two dependable sources: Robb Zenk, agronomist/technical field rep for the Archer Daniels Midland-owned facility in Olivia; and Zach Ankney, plant manager of this ADM facility. Zenk has been a navy bean grower for over 20 years and keeps a keen but cautious eye on each navy bean crop — particularly as it relates to potential production the next season. “Next year’s acres depend upon how much of this year’s crop gets processed and moves into commercial markets,” Zenk explained. “We can only handle so much here at our Olivia facility. Navys are a contract crop, so the industry closely follows both production and marketing cycles.” Some navy beans move into export markets. United Kingdom countries have been long-time buyers of U.S. edible beans. The United States is the sixthleading exporter of dry edible beans behind Brazil, India, China, Burma and Mexico. Currently, about 20 percent of American-grown beans are shipped to 100 different countries around the globe.

Years back, growers often needed special harvesting equipment for edible beans. Not so today, says Zenk. “Navy beans don’t require any special equipment. Yes, more fertility and management than soybeans; but less than corn or sugar beets. And disease issues such as Rhizobia, Fusaria root rot can be an issue. Also good weed control. Often desiccants are used to kill late-season weeds ahead of harvest.” Zenk’s beans are hauled directly to the Olivia facility. Once delivered, beans are processed, cleaned and either bagged or bulk stored until orders start moving them into delivery across America and export countries around the world. Beans move out in everything from 50-100 pound bags, 2,000-pound totes or bulk delivery — either by semis or rail cars. “Essentially you tell us how you want your navy beans packaged and delivered … that’s how we do business,” related Zenk. In 2018, Otter Tail County was the largest dry edible bean-producing county in Minnesota with 353,000 hundredweight. Otter Tail was also the highest-yielding county averaging 2,540 pounds per acre. Chippewa and Kandiyohi were second and third, respectively. Minnesota produced 3.96 million hundredweight of dry edible beans. This is up 11 percent from 2017. Yield increased 170 pounds from last year to 2,360 pounds per acre.

stuck on one variety like we often were in past seasons. Yep, it’s a competitive business for seed providers of these edible crops also.” “Up-right varieties are now common which have greatly lessened harvest problems. A major focus of breeders is strong, up-right plants with higher pod set and greater disease resistance. Easier harvest ability is the goal. Rust used to be a challenge, but not so anymore in navies” Zenk’s favorite variety is HMS Medalist, by far the largest acreage planted in this area. It’s a 103-day maturity. Zenk plants 100,000-120,000 seeds per acre in 22-inch rows. And no rush into early planting. To the contrary: he stressed the importance of warmer soil temps so late May into the first week of June is his date. “Memorial Day plus or minus a week is the planting window I recommend,” summed up Zenk. An enticement into edible bean production is the option of contract pricing a portion of your crop, even before planting. “Yes, so many pounds per acre at a given price is the contract format,” explained Zenk. “Last year we were in the upper 20s, lower 30s. This year, because of good harvests in all production areas, ADM (and I suspect all major handlers) are delaying forward pricing contract info for the 2021 growing season.” He wraps “Yes, 2020 produced a nice, clean crop for all of us. So let’s hope Mother Nature repeats again next year.” “Yes, 2020 was a great year,” concurred Ankney. “Everyone got planted timely. Lots of extended sun-

As a well-trained agronomist and now a veteran farmer, Zenk pays attention to genetic improvements in navy bean varieties — similar to his strict adherence to genetic improvements in the corn, soybean and sugar beet varieties he plants each season. “We’re continually trying one to two new varieties each season,” he said. “That’s important so we’re not See NAVY BEANS, pg. 18

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A plan for a secure pork supply is still important As African swine fever spreads around the globe, the pork industry and its partners are all pulling together to prevent the entry of ASF into U.S. pig herds. African swine fever is one of three foreign animal diseases (FAD) U.S. livestock producers and partners are working to exclude from the United States. Another is foot and mouth disease (FMD) which would infect not just pigs, but cattle, sheep, goats, deer and bison. FMD was eradicated from the United States in 1929. The third FAD being watched is classical swine fever (CSF) which many of us know as hog cholera — a disease also eradicated in the United States in 1978. It should be noted FMD, CSF and ASF are not public health or food safety concerns. Meat will still be safe to eat. However, these diseases are very contagious in swine, and each team member on the pig farm should be able to recognize clinical signs. Currently swine producers are asked to keep a daily observation record of their pigs, and doing so will help provide timely documentation in the event of a disease outbreak. If suspicious signs are observed, farm personnel will be asked to collect oral and nasal swab samples to submit for testing. Any suspicions about pig health should be reported to a veterinarian immediately. Across the country, plans are in place establishing emergency FAD preparedness in livestock. Currently, secure food supply plans have been developed for milk, poultry, beef and pork. The purpose of the secure food supply plan is to provide livestock producers with a workable continuity of business plan should an FAD occur. In the event of an FAD outbreak, livestock movement would be restricted. Preparation for such a catastrophe is the best way to ensure producers could continue to move animals off of the farm and move products to market. The secure supply plan also prepares producers for cooperating with animal health officials in the event of an outbreak, and provides consumers with confidence that their meat, milk and egg supply is safe. Recently in Minnesota, veterinarian Dr. John King has been appointed as the statewide secure food supply plan coordinator. He is working with all producers of food animal species to assist with completion of plans on all farms. In the swine world, state and federal officials (collaborating with the National Pork Board, industry and universities) have rolled out secure pork supply information to swine producers. This year the Covid-19 pandemic has overshadowed work being done to prepare farms for a potential FAD outbreak, but work within the Emergency Disease Management Committee for Swine has continued. EDMC swine subcommittee meetings continue and a statewide FAD emergency plan is systematically being created.




Producers who have not yet put their SPS plan into place are encouraged to get information from the national website (www.securepork. org), or through the University of Minnesota’s SWINE & U Extension website at https://z.umn.edu/ By Diane DeWitte UofMinnesotaSPSinfo. Extension swine educators Sarah Schieck and Diane DeWitte are also available to assist producers as they complete their farm’s SPS plan. Traceability and Movement Management It’s been proven that restricting movement of animals reduces the spread of disease, but that benefit has to be balanced with the costs of interrupting business. In addition, there is a real threat to animal welfare when they are kept in close proximity to diseased animals. A farm connected to a validated national Premises Identification Number (PIN) is a key component in helping officials determine disease control areas and potential movement of animals. Four important concepts have been identified to tighten up a producer’s biosecurity effort: identify a biosecurity manager; maintain detailed records; draft a written, site-specific biosecurity plan and document the training; and create a premises map Swine farm personnel must become familiar with the three most common swine foreign animal diseases: FMD, CSF and ASF. Premises ID Number (PIN) The national premises ID number (PIN) is a unique seven-character identifier assigned to a premises where pigs are produced, kept or moved through. Each state’s Board of Animal Health manages the identification program and assigns the PIN for producers. National PINs are not specific only to swine. Premises where any food animal is raised can have a PIN. Today more than 96 percent of swine premises use the national PIN. The pork industry is striving to reach 100 percent adoption of PINs. Not only will accurate PINs on every pig farm provide pinpoint accuracy to reduce disease spread, but PIN use demonstrates a superior traceability system to the United States’ international trade partners. PINs are a key component of the Pork Quality Assurance Plus (PQA+) site assessment, and many packers require a PQA+ site assessment as a condition of sale. Since January 2015, all sows and boars sold into the food chain must have an ear tag con-

taining the farm’s PIN. PINs are also required by many major swine shows and exhibitions. To obtain a PIN, producers can contact the Minnesota Board of Animal Health at https://www. bah.state.mn.us/register-your-premises/ or call (651) 201-6816. A team from University of Minnesota’s department of Veterinary Population Medicine took a close look at PIN information and found two types of accuracy problems: PINs linked to a site with incorrect address or longitude and latitude coordinates; and one PIN for several geographically distinct sites. The PIN must be connected to the actual physical address where the animals are located. For emergency response activities, the PIN must correspond to the animal location. Producers with more than one farm or barns on several locations need to get a separate PIN for each site. In the case of a disease outbreak, if multiple barns/farms are connected to one PIN, all of the facilities would be designated as infected — even if only one actually was. Minnesota’s Board of Animal Health has developed a “next step” for producers who have completed their farm’s secure pork supply plan. A checklist completed by their herd veterinarian can be submitted to the Board of Animal Health. That information will further assist Minnesota’s animal health officers determine if a movement permit can be issued in the event of an FAD disease movement restriction. The checklist can be found at https://www.bah. state.mn.us/. As swine producers learn more daily regarding African swine fever’s movement in other parts of the world, they will continue to hear about the secure pork supply plan. The SPS is voluntary. More details or assistance can be found at www. securepork.org, or by contacting University of Minnesota Extension swine educators Sarah Schieck at schi0466@umn.edu or Diane DeWitte at stouf002@umn.edu. Diane DeWitte is an Extension Educator specializing in swine for the University of Minnesota Extension. Her e-mail address is stouf002@umn.edu v

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U.S. farm bill provides protection for sugar producers SUGAR BEETS, from pg. 14 to deal with mud. I’m speaking for our entire staff, for all are great workers in the factory, and I’m certain for every one of our growers, we’re very appreciative of how things have gone so far this campaign. Yes, it’s very fitting to say our good Lord has favored us mightily.” Keith McNamara was also pleased with the 2020 crop. “Yes indeed, this is a good harvest. Beets are lifting clean and sugar content is coming up. However, we’re starting to plateau so it’s time to finish harvest.” MCNamara was reluctant to speculate whether you could pick up a point of sugar content by delaying harvest a few days. “A point of sugar is a lot,” he

Growers happy with this year’s crop NAVY BEANS, from pg. 15

hedged. “It’s hard to know when the beet starts dehydrating in the field. Once the beet reaches that stage, you’re at the plateau where you have the reverse of water and sugar content. Right now our beets are mostly at the 17 percent content … and that’s respectively good. Sure, can always hope for more, but this

Kent Thiesse lauded at Summit Kent Thiesse, Senior Vice President at MinnStar Bank, was awarded the AgriGrowth Distinguished Service Award at the recent Minnesota Ag and Food Summit. AgriGrowth Executive Director Tamara Nelsen stated, “I also want to add a special congratulations to Kent Thiesse. His significant contributions to agriculture and his leadership in our industry is greatly appreciated by everyone who knows him. He is very deserving of this recognition.” Thiesse’s “Farm Programs” column appears in The Land every month. Since 1968, ArgiGrowth has annually recognized an outstanding leader for their unique service and significant contributions to strengthening food systems and agriculture in Minnesota. AgriGrowth is a non-profit and nonpartisan organization representing Minnesota’s agriculture and food industry.

shine days after June showers developed healthy plants. Harvests were virtually without weather interruptions; so I’m guessing yields this season ranged from 2,800 to 3,200-pound averages….and obviously some pushing into the high 30s. Plus it was a very clean crop … pick discounts at a minimum. Growers are happy.” Navy bean board price was 26 cents on Oct 14. Ankney said last year it was at 20 cents. Sure, he’s aware growers would like more acres next year based on yields, pricing and uniquely good harvesting this year. “We normally contract enough to fill the elevator every year so we’re pretty much limited to 10,000 acres yearly goal. Right at 90 percent of our production gets marketed directly to our major canner customers for usage right here in America.” That includes delivery to some Minnesota canners, but Zach said canners across America are on the delivery list so that means a combination of truck and rail deliveries. The Olivia facility was built in the mid-1970s. Since then, a couple of additional storage tanks were built. Total bulk storage today is 285,000 hundredweight Farmers, ranchers, and forest landowners can plan which translates to 450,000 bushels. v ahead and sign up for USDA conservation funding. Landowners interested in the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) need to apply by Nov. 20 d for funding in 2021. EQIP is the primary program available to farmers and landowners for farm, ranch, and woodland conservation work, offering payments for more than 100 conservation practices. Farmers may contact their local USDA Service Center to get started on producer eligibility and planning. Farmers who are interested in practices

already looks like the best in the past five years.” And he’s content if his 2020 crop averages 30 tons per acre. “Back when my Dad grew beets 20 tons was a good average. With today’s costs and pricing of our beets, 30 tons is acceptable.” Like most beet growers, McNamara is keenly aware of sugar markets nationally; and into export areas as well. “We’re a net importer of sugar,” he told me. “We’re the only country that does not export. So our U.S. sugar beet industry is based on quota. Seventy-seven percent of our nation’s total sugar needs are grown domestically by we beet growers and our sugar cane growers in our southern states. “All exporting countries are allowed a quota as to how much sugar they can export into our country. This is subject to yearly revisions depending upon world productions and continually changing market demands for sugar. However, thanks to our USDA farm bill which puts some stability into yearly revenues for we producers. Without the protection of our farm bill, the wild gyrations of these world sugar markets would likely drive many of us into bankruptcy.” McNamara said he would like to see a repeat of this season in 2021. “This needs to be the new normal,” he stated. “We have genetic potential to reach 40-ton yields. Recall when 300-bushel corn was the ambition? This year some fields in Renville County pushed that figure. The point being, with the increasing costs of growing beets, you have to anticipate higher yields on a consistent basis down the road. And that’s why domestic protection of the USDA Sugar Program is an absolute must!” “Agriculture needs support at all angles. We need unity regardless of who is in office. We need to remind our consumers that they have the broadest array of foods of any country. It’s a God-given gift. We’ve been afforded the right to eat. Let’s keep policies in place that continue the opportunity for we farmers to provide this abundance!” v

EQIP signup for 2021 funding underway


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may require permits, such as manure storage or streambank restoration. If funding allows, a second application cutoff will be set for March 5, 2021. Landowners interested in applying for EQIP funding should contact their local NRCS office at the USDA Service Center their county. For more information, visit www.mn.nrcs.usda.gov. This article was submitted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. v



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Grain Outlook Corn export sales hit market year high

Livestock Angles Livestock market strong as long as dollar is weak

The following marketing under the “policy in place” Over the past few months month of September. However, analysis is for the week endscenario. Since China has not the livestock markets have if cattle prices continue to ing Nov. 6. officially raised their 7.2 mmt been extremely choppy and strengthen, the demand for low tariff import quota, the very erratic. This is not that replacement cattle will CORN — As noted last USDA has held their estinew in the livestock markets. increase. The bottom line is, it week, the uptrend was bent mate at 7 mmt. How the However, at this juncture, it appears the cattle market is but not broken. This week’s USDA may handle this on the appears this condition is likein the process of finding a botaction confirmed that outlook Nov. 10 WASDE report will be ly to endure into the near tom and could improve in the in post-election trading when interesting. future. weeks ahead. corn held the previous week’s JOE TEALE PHYLLIS NYSTROM low and rebounded. The week China has been rebuilding The American economy is The hog market has seen Broker CHS Hedging Inc. began with a new 8 million their state reserves as well as continuing to recover; while prices come under a little St. Paul bushel sale announcement to satisfying domestic demand internationally, other world Great Plains Commodity pressure the past several Afton, Minn. unknown, but closed slightly in light of high domestic pric- economies are still trying to weeks. The demand for pork weaker. The market then proes. In Mexico, they lowered recover. This will continue to has slowed somewhat and ceeded to close higher for the next their 2020 corn import outlook to 16.75 leave the export of beef and pork ques- numbers of live inventory have three sessions. This pushed the mmt from 17.2 mmt citing lower feed tionable if the dollar strengthens in the remained more than adequate to meet December contract to fill the overhead demand. They expect to originate 93 near future. So far, the dollar has the weakening demand. At present, the gap left from Oct. 28 and closer to the percent of their corn import needs from remained weak which has made market has seen a decline in price since $4.24 contract high. the United States and the balance from American meat products very attrac- mid-October and could possibly find tive. But if other countries stay with some recovery in live prices in the near The high this week in December corn Brazil.  was $4.17.25 per bushel. The weekly Weekly ethanol production increased weakened economies, the U.S. dollar term. However, technically the market high in the March contract was $4.22.25 20,000 barrels per day to 961,000 bpd. could strengthen and disrupt our appears weak at this juncture; and if funds begin to liquidate further, this per bushel vs. the contract high of This is the highest production number improved meat exports. $4.33 per bushel. The demand outlook since March. Gasoline demand fell to As for the cattle market, beef move- could pressure prices even further. with expectations for a smaller carry- 8.33 million bpd from 8.54 million bpd ment has been improved over the past One thing looking as if it may stand out number on the November World and down 8.8 percent from the same several months which has helped cattle in the way of a rally would be that Agriculture Supply and Demand week last year. The four-week gasoline prices as we muddled through the China has been effectively been rebuildEstimates report, less-than-ideal rain- demand is down 10.8 percent from last heavy cattle. It now appears that ing its hog herd. This would put into fall in Argentina and southern Brazil, year. Ethanol stocks were up 100,000 weights are now topping and if demand question the likelihood exports to and managed money adding to length, barrels to 19.7 million barrels. Margins remains the same or increases, this China could rapidly decline. In any all combined to keep this market well improved 4 cents to 16 cents per gallon. would be a positive for price apprecia- event, the outlook for the hog market is supported. at a crossroads and the next several The average trade guesses for the tion in the months ahead. Weekly export sales were higher than See NYSTROM, pg. 21 Grain prices have slowed the upward weeks are likely to set the tone of the expectations at 102.8 million bushels surge in replacement cattle since the market through the remainder of the year. v — a marketing year high! Total sales commitments of 1.3 billion bushels are running 179 percent ahead of last year. This is a record for this point of the marketing year. Total sales account for corn/change* soybeans/change* 56 percent of the U.S. Department of Stewartville $3.78 +.09 $10.71 +.66 Agriculture’s 2.325-billion-bushel Edgerton $3.86 +.12 $10.76 +.65 export forecast. China has purchased Jackson $3.89 +.07 $10.88 +.75 425 million bushels of U.S. corn for the Janesville $3.83 +.11 $10.76 +.75 2020-21 marketing year.  Cannon Falls $3.66 -.10 $10.36 +.09 The USDA attaché to China is expect Sleepy Eye $3.78 +.12 $10.81 +.75 ing China to import 22 million metric Average: $3.80 $10.71 tons of corn this marketing year, a distinct difference from the USDA’s refus Year Ago Average: $3.53 $8.47 al to move off their 7 mmt outlook. In Grain prices are effective cash close on Nov. 10. defending their stance on this, the *Cash grain price change represents a two-week period. USDA last week said they operated

Cash Grain Markets

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Information in the above columns is the writer’s opinion. It is no way guaranteed and should not be interpreted as buy/sell advice. Futures trading always involves a certain degree of risk.


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Soybeans, U.S. dollar took off in opposite directions NYSTROM, from pg. 20 November WASDE report are as follows: yield at 177.7 bushels per acre vs. 178.4 bu./acre in October; production 14.659 billion bushels vs. 14.722 previously; ending stocks 2.033 billion bushels vs. 2.167 billion bushels on the last report. Brazil’s corn production is pegged at 110.1 mmt, unchanged from last month. Argentina’s corn production at 49.6 mmt would be down .4 mmt from last month. World ending stocks are estimated at 296.4 mmt compared to 300.5 mmt previously. The USDA released their early 10-year baseline projections on Nov. 6. This report is usually used for budgetary reasons. The full report will be released in February along with commentary. This report suggests 2021-22 planted corn acreage at 90 million acres, 180.5 bu./acre, production 14.89 billion bushels, and ending stocks at 2.257 billion bushels. For soybeans, 89 million planted acres, 50.6 bu./acre, production 4.465 billion bushels, and ending stocks at 255 million bushels. Outlook: Factors having the greatest influence on short-term direction haven’t changed: South American weather, export demand, weaker U.S. dollar, and how small the carryout will fall on Nov. 10. Adding to uncertainty is no resolution to the presidential election. Basis levels were mixed this week as the December/March corn carry eased back out to 7 cents. Next resistance in the December contract is the contract high at $4.24 per bushel. The December corn contract was 8.25 cents higher this week at $4.06.75, March was up 10.5 cents at $4.13.75, July rallied 13 cents to $4.20.25, and December 2021 jumped 8.25 cents to $3.95.5 per bushel. The next WASDE report was released Nov. 10. The USDA released early long-term 10-year baseline balance sheets only on Nov. 6. They will follow up the full report at their February Outlook meeting. SOYBEANS — After a slight setback to begin the

week, soybeans surged higher through mid-week as the U.S. dollar tumbled. New contract highs were set in soybeans and meal throughout the week. The contract high in January soybeans is now $11.12.75 per bushel and in December meal $393.40 per ton. On the continuous soybean chart, beans pushed through $11.00 for the first time since 2016. Soyoil also was sharply higher as palm oil hit eight-year highs and pushed importers to book U.S. soyoil. India bought 33,000 metric tons — their largest purchase since 2012. Put this in the “unusual stuff” category: the Census Bureau put U.S. September soybean exports at 286 million bushels much higher than the weekly inspections report of 234.6 million bushels. The USDA uses the Census Bureau numbers for their reports. This is an unusually large discrepancy based on the last four years. This could mean an even lower carryout number on this month’s WASDE report. Be aware, this doesn’t change sales, just what has been shipped. It’s possible heavy early sales may curb worries about later cancellations. Weekly export sales were at the high end of estimates at 56.2 million bushels. Total commitments stand at 1.78 billion or 81 percent of the USDA’s 2.2-billion-bushel outlook. China has bought approximately 988 million bushels of U.S. soybeans so far in the 2020-21 marketing year. This includes the 4.8 million bushels they purchased this week — their first direct buy since Oct. 15. The U.S. attaché in China pegged their 2020-21 soybean imports at 95 mmt compared to the USDA’s most recent forecast for 100 mmt. The USDA announced the sale of 33,000 metric tons of soyoil to India. India is the largest importer of oil, but normally doesn’t buy much from the United States and is their first U.S. purchase since 2016-17. South Korea also stepped in to buy 30,000 metric tons of U.S. soyoil late in the week. A small soybean boat (38,000 metric tons) was also headed to Brazil this week with U.S. soybeans. Brazil had earlier lowered their import tariff on soybeans

Soil Management Summit moves online Dec. 15-16 WORTHINGTON, Minn. — Like many annual events, this year’s Soil Management Summit, formerly known as the Conservation Tillage Conference or CTC, has had to make the transition from in-person to online. The Soil Management Summit emphasizes proven farmer experience and applied science. Straight from the fields, learn how heavier, colder soils aren’t necessarily the challenge they’re made out to be. Hear from long-time no-till, reduced tillage and cover crop farmers as they share their experiences.

Some of this year’s topics include tillage erosion, soil organic matter and water dynamics, and the conference staple - a panel of farmers sharing their own personal experiences with soil management. For more information and to register, visit z.umn. edu/SMS2020 This article was submitted by University of Minnesota Extension. v

coming from outside the Mercosur trading block through the end of the year. Brazil’s ag ministry this week said imports of U.S. GMO soybeans were allowed, easing concern about varieties of soybeans which were approved in the United States but not in Brazil. Brazil’s crusher association Abiove estimates Brazil may import 1 mmt of soybeans this year, the highest since 2008. Logistical issues likely limit huge imports since they are not set up to have a big import program and the soybeans would have to move inland to crushers. The Buenos Aires Grain Exchange lowered their Argentine soybean production 2.5 mmt to 46.5 mmt with 4 percent of the crop planted. The USDA in October was carrying Argentina’s soybean crop at 53.5 mmt. China imported $3.13 billion of agricultural products in September, the highest monthly total since November 2017. Soybeans accounted for 62 percent of the total and corn 5 percent of the total. The September National Agricultural Statistics Service Crush report was spot-on with estimates at 171.1 million bushels — a new record for the month. Soyoil stocks were 1.849 billion pounds. The average guesses for the November WASDE report: U.S. soybean yield at 51.6 bu./acre vs. 51.9 bu./acre last month; production 4.251 billion bushels vs 4.268 billion bushels in October; and ending stocks at 235 million bushels (the lowest since 2015-16 if accurate), down from 290 million last month. In 2018-19 ending stocks were 909 million bushels! Brazil’s soybean production unchanged at 133 mmt. Argentina’s soybean production down to 52.9 mmt from 53.5 mmt. World ending stocks at 87.4 mmt compared to 88.7 mmt in October. Outlook: Demand from exporters and crushers continues to provide excellent support. This combines with uncertainty over long-term weather prospects in South America and ongoing managed money buying, and giving limited reasons to reverse direction beyond correction-type action. Argentina and southern Brazil are the areas suffering the most from lack of rain and their outlook is dry for the next two weeks. Will La Niña be worse or better than expected? How low the USDA cuts U.S. ending stocks on Nov. 10 will be of special interest to managed money that holds huge long positions. The uptrend remains intact, but corrections are usually healthy. Price changes for the week: January soybeans rocketed 45.25 cents higher at $11.01.5, July rallied 51.5 cents to $10.94.75, and November 2021 was 35 cents higher at $10.06 per bushel. Nystrom’s notes: Contract changes for the week as of the close on Nov. 6: Chicago December wheat was 3.5 cents higher at $6.02, Kansas City rallied 14 cents at $5.55.25, and Minneapolis was a nickel higher at $5.57.25 per bushel. v


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Robust milk prices have producers increasing herds tinues to move strongly through retail channels as well as drawing support from government purchase programs. September butter stocks of 343.9 million pounds dropped by 7.4 percent from August and represented the largest August to September inventory decline in three years. September butter stocks remain 18.3 percent higher than last year.” MIELKE MARKET WEEKLY n By Lee Mielke You’ll recall September milk production totaled 18 billion pounds, up 2.3 percent from September 2019. The latest Dairy Products report shows where that milk went. The October Class IV price is $13.47 per cwt., up 72 cents from September, but $2.92 below a year Total cheese output crept to 1.1 billion pounds, up ago. The Class IV average now stands at $13.52, 0.6 percent from August, but a bearish 1.1 percent down from $16.23 a year ago and $14.06 in 2018. above September 2019. Year-to-date total cheese output stands at 9.8 billion pounds, up 0.5 percent Dairy margins were again mixed over the second from a year ago. half of October, continuing a recent trend of strengthening in nearby marketing periods while Wisconsin produced 276.4 million pounds of the weakening slightly further out the curve in second September total, up 0.7 percent from August but 1.4 and third quarter, according to the latest Margin percent below a year ago. California output, at 192.8 Watch from Chicago-based Commodity & Ingredient million pounds, was up 0.7 percent from August, but Hedging LLC. 5.4 percent below a year ago. Idaho contributed 87.1 million pounds, up 7 percent from August and 4.1 The Margin Watch stated, “Strength in nearby percent above a year ago. marketing periods continues to be paced higher trade in cheese, despite what was generally conItalian-type cheese totaled 462.8 million pounds, strued as a bearish monthly production report. The up 4.4 percent from August, but 1.7 percent below a U.S. Department of Agriculture reported September year ago. Year-to-date, Italian output is at 4.2 billion milk production at 18 billion pounds, up 400 million pounds, down 1 percent. or 2.35 percent from 2019 and much higher than American-type cheese totaled 432.5 million anticipated. In addition, USDA reported the milking pounds, down 3.3 percent from August, but 4 percow herd at 9.366 million head, up 5,000 from cent above a year ago. Year-to-date, American was August and 33,000 higher than last year. Moreover, at 3.97 billion pounds, up 1.8 percent. dairy cow slaughter has averaged 9.3 percent less Mozzarella output climbed to 365.8 million than last year and 5.2 percent lower than the hispounds, down 2.6 percent from a year ago, with torical average over the past 12 weeks, suggesting year-to-date at 3.3 billion pounds, down 1 percent that dairy producers have been expanding their from 2019. herds to increase milk output.” Cheddar, which is traded at the Chicago The Margin Watch said Cold Storage data provided Mercantile Exchange, fell to 306.1 million pounds, some context for the strong cheese market as “Total cheese stocks contracted 1.3 percent in September to down 17.9 million pounds or 5.6 percent from August; but was 22 million or a whopping 7.7 per1.36 billion pounds, falling below prior-year levels for the first time since March. The decline was espe- cent above September 2019. Year-to-date, cheddar is cially pronounced for American cheese which fell 2.2 at 2.85 billion pounds, up 2.3 percent. percent to 772.6 million pounds. Despite the continChurns produced 152.1 million pounds of butter, ued challenges for foodservice demand, cheese conup 500,000 pounds or 0.3 percent from August; but was 7.8 million pounds or 5.4 percent above a year ago. Year-to-date, butter is at 1.6 billion pounds, up a hefty 6.5 percent from 2019. Dry whey totaled 74.9 million pounds, down 4.9 percent from August and 17.3 percent below a year ago, with year-to-date at 730.6 million pounds, down 0.2 percent. Stocks totaled 74.9 million pounds, down 4.9 percent from August and 17.3 percent below a year ago. Nonfat dry milk output fell to 124.3 million This column was written for the marketing week ending Nov. 6. The October Federal order Class III benchmark milk price vaulted $5.18 to $21.61 per hundredweight this week. This is the highest October price since 2014 with a little more to come — thanks in large part to Uncle Sam’s Farmers to Families Food Box program. The November futures contract was trading late morning Nov. 6 at $23.21; but December was at $18.63, with January 2021 at $17.18 per cwt. The 2020 Class III average is at $17.89, up from $16.37 a year ago.


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pounds, down 19.9 million pounds or 13.8 percent from August, but 6.5 million or 5.5 percent above a year ago. Year-to-date, powder sits at 1.4 billion pounds, up 1.8 percent from 2019. Stocks fell to 233.2 million pounds, down 37.4 million or 13.8 percent from August, and 17.6 million or 7 percent below a year ago. Skim milk powder output jumped to 72.5 million pounds, up 11.3 million pounds or 18.3 percent from August and 13.7 million pounds or 23.3 percent above a year ago. Year-to-date, skim milk powder is at 453 million pounds, up 10.6 percent from a year ago. n The loud crash you heard the first week of November was cheddar block cheese plunging 44 cents to a Nov. 6 close of $2.3425 per pound. This ends five consecutive weeks of gain, but were still 32.75 cents above a year ago. The barrels rolled from their new record high $2.53 per pound to a $2.3175 close. This is down 21.25 cents on the week, ending seven weeks of gains, 1.25 cents below a year ago, but at a more typical 2.50 cents below the blocks. There were only two cars of block traded on the week at the CME and 14 of barrel. Midwest cheese producers reported changes in production levels this week to Dairy Market News as some were seeking less milk and limiting production. Customers were buying hand-to-mouth and, with prices where they were, no one wants to be holding extra stocks anticipating the price declines. Spot milk was available at prices still around or just under Class III. Western retail cheese demand has remained strong, but while government purchases and fast food outlets are moving good volumes of cheese, total food service is underperforming. Export sales have receded, due to the higher prices and, in some cases, manufacturers had to discount cheese to move it overseas. Contacts say domestic market prices and freight costs are making it harder to compete in international markets. Parts of the nation face increasing Covid-19 cases so marketers are concerned about further restrictions which could hamper recovery of the food service sector. Manufacturers and buyers are cautious in cheese production and storage that could lose value. Stocks are moderate. n Butter climbed to $1.4375 per pound on Nov. 4, but closed two days later at $1.43. This is up 4 cents on the week, but 60.75 cents below a year ago on 26 sales on the week. Plant managers relay that cream availability is opening up from local and western regions and cream suppliers are setting Thanksgiving week deals. Butter makers say inventory is moving and See MIELKE, pg. 23


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Global Dairy Trade auction sees first decline in months MIELKE, from pg. 22 churning remains busy. Retail demand has increased seasonally, but food service is doubtful to return to “normal” anytime soon. Market tones remain quiet and some believe they may remain somewhat mum into first quarter 2021. The western butter supply is more than adequate and reflects a somewhat unstable market undertone. Sources tell Dairy Market News, “The market is capable of seeing a domestic price surge, encouraged by strong retail demand that neutralizes the butter supply situation.” Stocks are in good shape and churning thrives at expected year-end holiday levels. Customers are inquiring about first quarter 2021 purchases. Food service is fairly steady, but below seasonal standards. Competitive U.S. butter in the global market “could potentially be the mechanism for a stronger domestic butter price,” says Dairy Market News. Grade A nonfat dry milk finished the week 4.25 cents lower, closing at $1.0650 per pound, 14 cents below a year ago, with 13 cars finding new homes. Poor exports and a weak GDT were the likely culprits for the powder downfall. Dry whey climbed to a 42.25 cents per pound finish (the highest since January 22, 2019) and 14.75 cents above a year ago, with three sales reported on the week. n The first Global Dairy Trade auction of November reversed direction after three consecutive gains, and saw its weighted average drop 2 percent. Powder and anhydrous milkfat were responsible. Sellers brought 78.1 million pounds of product to the auction block, up from 76.4 million on Oct. 20. Skim milk powder led the losses, falling 4.4 percent after inching 0.2 percent lower on Oct. 20. Whole milk powder was down 2 percent after inching up 0.3 percent. Anhydrous milkfat was down 2.6 percent, following a 0.5 percent slippage. Cheddar was off 0.8 percent after gaining 3 percent last time. Butter led the two gains, up 3.9 percent, after a 3.3 percent rise last time. Buttermilk powder was up 1.2 percent after not trading in the last event. StoneX equated the GDT 80 percent butterfat butter price to $1.6913 per pound U.S. This is up 6.4 cents from the last event. CME butter closed Nov. 6 at a bargain $1.43. GDT cheddar equated to $1.7172 per pound, down 0.8 percent, and compares to Nov. 6’s CME block cheddar at $2.3425. GDT skim milk powder averaged $1.2348 per pound, down from $1.2933, and whole milk powder averaged $1.3539, down from $1.3776. CME Grade A powder closed at $1.0650. n In other trade news, U.S. dairy exports topped year-ago levels for the 13th consecutive month in

September. Cheese exports hit 62.7 million pounds, up 4.2 percent from September 2019. This is the fifth month in a row they topped year ago levels, and “somewhat against expectations,” says HighGround Dairy, “as cheese prices rose to record levels in July, likely impacting export potential.” Interestingly, considering the low U.S. butter prices, September exports only totaled 3.3 million pounds, down 10.2 percent from 2019. Nonfat dry milk-skim milk powder exports hit 135.6 million pounds, down 5.9 percent from a year ago. This is the first time they were down from a year ago since February, and followed several months of record-high volume. Powder to Mexico was lower again, says HighGround Dairy, on trend with recent months and down 33 percent year-over-year. Dry whey exports totaled 41.5 million pounds, up 52.3 percent, and the eighth consecutive month they topped the prior year. HighGround Dairy says the increase was led by China, who took 358 percent, or 15.3 million pounds, more than a year ago. Chinese demand was down slightly from August but higher than July. n Dairy farm “recovery” is taking a while to get to the farmgate. Another drop in the U.S. All Milk price, plus sharply higher corn and soybean prices, pulled the September milk feed price ratio to the lowest level since May. The latest Ag Prices report has the ratio at 2.28, down from 2.50 in August, and down from 2.34 in September 2019. The index is based on the current milk price in relationship to feed prices for a dairy ration consisting of 51 percent corn, 8 percent soybeans and 41 percent alfalfa hay. In other words, one pound of milk purchased 2.28 pounds of dairy feed of that blend in September. The US All-Milk price averaged $17.90 per hundredweight, down 90 cents from August and $1.40 below September 2019. California’s All Milk price fell to $18.70, down $1.30 from August, but 10 cents above a year ago. Wisconsin’s, at $17.70, was down $1.70 from August and $2.20 below a year ago. The national average corn price averaged $3.41 per bushel, up 29 cents per bushel from August but 39 cents per bushel below September 2019. Soybeans averaged $9.24 per bushel, up 58 cents from August and were 89 cents per bushel above a year ago. Alfalfa hay averaged $171 per ton, down $1 from August and $8 per ton below a year ago. Looking at the cow side of the ledger, the September cull price for beef and dairy combined averaged $66.60 per cwt. This is down $4.10 from August, $1 above September 2019, but $5 below the 2011 base average of $71.60 per cwt. Milk cow replacements averaged $1,340 per head

in October, up $30 per head from July and $30 above October 2019. They averaged $1,350 per head in California, unchanged from July and $50 below a year ago. Wisconsin cows averaged $1,420 per head, up $70 from July and $150 above October 2019 In the week ending Oct. 24, 58,200 dairy cows were sent to slaughter. This is up 400 from the week before, but 4,000 head — or 6.4 percent — below that week a year ago. The U.S. corn harvest is 82 percent complete as of the week ending Nov. 1 according to the latest Crop Progress report. That’s up from 49 percent at this time a year ago and 13 percent ahead of the fiveyear average. Soybeans were at 87 percent harvested, up from 71 percent a year ago and 4 percent ahead of the five-year average. The cotton harvest is 52 percent completed, up 1 percent from a year ago and 3 percent ahead of the five-year average. Thirty-seven percent of the crop is rated good to excellent, down from 40 percent at this time a year ago. n In politics, a big “Thank you” to Minnesota Democrat Collin Peterson, ranking member of the House Agriculture Committee, who was defeated in his re-election bid. Hoards Dairyman’s Corey Geiger called Peterson a “champion for agriculture,” in the Nov. 9 “Dairy Radio Now” broadcast, saying he was among a handful of politicians who truly understand agriculture and ushered three farm bills through the House with bipartisan support. While President Trump did not carry Minnesota, Peterson’s large rural 7th district has become more conservative over his 30 years of service, according to Geiger, and while Peterson’s replacement, former Minnesota Lieutenant Governor Michelle Fischbach, would reportedly welcome serving on that committee, she would be a junior member, said Geiger, without the experience of a Colin Peterson. Lee Mielke is a syndicated columnist who resides in Everson, Wash. His weekly column is featured in newspapers across the country and he may be reached at lkmielke@juno.com. v




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Real Estate

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Feed Seed Hay

Bins & Buildings

WANTED: Land & farms. I ALFALFA, mixed hay, grass FOR SALE: Alfalfa, mixed Barn and Quonset Roofing hay, grass hay, straw and in- and Straightening. Kelling have clients looking for hay & wheat straw, medidividually wrapped baleage. Silo. 1-800-355-2598 um square or round bales, dairy, & cash grain operaMedium or large square delivery available. tions, as well as bare land bales. Delivery available. parcels from 40-1000 acres. Thief River Falls, MN. Call Zumbrota, MN. Call or text Both for relocation & investor text LeRoy Ose: Ray Leffingwell 763-286-2504 ments. If you have even 218-689-6675 thought about selling contact: Paul Krueger, Farm & Alfalfa Hay - Dairy or stock Wheat Straw for Sale Land Specialist, Edina Re- cow quality. Big square -Round bales or square alty, 138 Main St. W., New bales. Delivered from South bales (3x3x8). (507) 794Dakato. John Haensel 605Prague, MN 55372. 8901 351-5760 paulkrueger@edinarealty.com (612)328-4506

e in ion.

SILO REMOVAL 507-236-9446

Please recycle this magazine.

Thank You Farmers!

ACREAGES LeRoy: $159,900 1 BR 1.5 BA on 6 acres with 36’ x 80’ pole shed MLS #5650834 Grand Meadow: $259,900 3 BR 2.5 BA on 6.29 acres MLS #5564994 PENDING! Grand Meadow: $269,900 3 BR 2 BA on 7.5 acres MLS #5660698 SOLD! Stewartville: $995,000: 6BR 5BA on 10 acres MLS#5615943 PENDING!

FARMLAND Mower County: Approx. 48 acres, Pattern tiled. 99.4 CPI. MLS# 5646661 PENDING!

NEED FARMLAND LISTINGS - HAVE BUYERS! COMMERCIAL RACINE: 10,000 sq. ft. building on 2.12-acres. Multiple uses! MLS# 5247299 GRAND MEADOW: Great investment. . MLS#5619155 SOLD!

Full Farm Management Services including Rental Rates, Government Programs, & Environmental Issues Randy Queensland • 507-273-3890 • randy@lrmrealestate.com Ryan Queensland • 507-273-3000 • ryan@lrmrealestate.com 435543-1 Grand Meadow, MN • 800-658-2340

Please support our advertisers. Tell them you saw their ad in THE LAND.


Steffes Auction Calendar 2020 For more info, call: 1-800-726-8609 or visit our website: SteffesGroup.com

Opening November 6 & Closing November 13 Leon & Janell Vandeberg Farm Retirement Auction, Epping, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening November 6 & Closing November 17 at 10AM MDT C. Berk Bowman Farm & Ranch Retirement Auction, Rhame, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening November 6 & Closing November 18 at 11AM Tim & Mary Zink Farm Retirement Auction, Carrington, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening November 9 & Closing November 17 at 1PM Court Ordered Columbia, Dodge, and Racine County, WI, Multi-Tract Dairy Operations, Land and Hobby Farm Auction, Numerous Counties in WI, Timed Online Auction Opening November 9 & Closing November 19 at 1PM Dairy Cattle - Court Ordered Auction, Fox Lake, WI, Timed Online Auction Opening November 10 & Closing November 17 Don Zimbleman Farm Retirement Auction, Fullerton, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening November 11 & Closing November 18 at 12PM Premier C. Berk Bowman Farm & Ranch Retirement Land Auction - 4,137± Acres, Rhame, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening November 11 & Closing November 20 at 10AM Wright County, MN, Farmland, Hobby Farm/Building Site, and Grain Bin Facility Auction, Jellison Ave. SW, Howard Lake, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening November 11 & Closing November 20 at 1PM Greg & Judy Chock Farm Retirement Auction, Howard Lake, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening November 12 & Closing November 19 Duane Peterson Farm Equipment Auction, Fullerton, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening November 12 & Closing November 19 at 12PM John Dullea Estate Farm & Construction Equipment Auction, Halstad, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening November 16 & Closing November 23 at 1PM Dave Moe Collectibles Auction, Steffes Group Facility, West Fargo, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening November 18 & Closing November 30 at 1PM Watonwan County, MN, Commercial Real Estate Auction, St. James, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening November 20 & Closing November 25 Online Steffes Auction - 11/25, Upper Midwest Location, Timed Online Auction Opening November 20 & Closing November 30 Erickson Farms Equipment Auction, Ada, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening November 20 & Closing November 24 at 12:30PM Online Hay Auction Quality Tested - Ring 2, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening November 20 & Closing November 30 at 7PM Farm Equipment - Court Ordered Auction, Fox Lake, WI, Timed Online Auction Opening November 23 & Closing November 30 at 1PM Dave & Jodi Wensing Farm Retirement Auction, Florence, SD, Timed Online Auction Opening November 23 & Closing December 1 Traverse County, MN, Tillable Farmland Auction - 156± Acres, East of Wheaton, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening November 23 & Closing December 1 at 10:30AM Jim & Rose Selle Farm Retirement Auction, Bonesteel, SD, Timed Online Auction Opening November 23 & Closing December 2 UFC Farm Supply (Judson Equipment) Auction, Lake Crystal, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening November 23 & Closing December 2 at 7PM Leon Schlitz Farm Retirement Auction, Glenville, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening November 23 & Closing December 3 at 7PM Richard Gabrielson Estate Farm Equipment Auction, Darwin, MN, Timed Online Auction


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Livestock, Machinery, Farmland... you name it! People will buy it when they see it in The Land! To submit your classified ad use one of the following options: Phone: 507-345-4523 or 1-800-657-4665 Mail to: The Land Classifieds, P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002 Fax to: 507-345-1027 • Email: theland@TheLandOnline.com Online at: www.thelandonline.com DEADLINE: Friday at 5:00 p.m. for the following Friday edition. Plus! Look for your classified ad in the e-edition.

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ADVERTISING NOTICE: Please check your ad the first week it runs. We make every effort to avoid errors by checking all copy, but sometimes errors are missed. Therefore, we ask that you review your ad for correctness. If you find a mistake, please call (507) 345-4523 immediately so that the error can be corrected. We regret that we cannot be responsible for more than one week’s insertion if the error is not called to our attention. We cannot be liable for an amount greater than the cost of the ad. THE LAND has the right to edit, reject or properly classify any ad. Each classified line ad is separately copyrighted to THE LAND. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

THE LAND — NOVEMBER 13/NOVEMBER 20, 2020 Bins & Buildings

Farm Equipment

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Farm Equipment


Stormor Bins & EZ-Drys. Harms Mfg. Land Rollers, JD 7000 Corn Planter, 2 Row, FOR SALE: 1964 John Deere 100% financing w/no liens or Brand New, 12’-$6,800; 3PT, $1,800; Fert. Avail. 3020 diesel, wide front, red tape, call Steve at Fair- 14’-$7,000; 16’-$8,000; 24’- $350/ Row. 715-234-1993 Farmhand loader, 3316 origfax Ag for an appointment. $14,800; inal hours, new tires, rock 32’-$17,500; 42’We buy 888-830-7757 $21,500; Others from 8’-62’ box, fast hitch, no rust, exSalvage Equipment cellent condition. Renville 715-234-1993 Parts Available MN 712-541-4540 Hammell Equip., Inc. Farm Equipment JD 4255 2WD tractor, 2R, NEW AND USED TRACTOR (507)867-4910 14.9x46 tires, 3 hyds, new PARTS JD 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, style step, 505 hrs showing, 2015 Hvy Duty Rock Picker Looking for something special? 55, 50 Series & newer trac$29,750; Farm King 1080 9’ (5 Ft Wide Forks) Never Put a line ad in The Land and find it! tors, AC-all models, Large Call 507-345-4523 Used Elec Over Hyd Heavier snowblower, w/ 1000 PTO, Inventory, We ship! Mark $4,500; JD 720 QT ldr, w/ 7’ Tines Or Teeth, NEW! NevRetired Selling. 2-180 White Heitman Tractor Salvage QT bkt; was on JD 4230 tracer Used Half Priced. 2015 tractor w/ 20.8 tires & duals; 715-673-4829 Mandako 40 Ft Land Roller tor, $4,500; JD 1075 & WestOMC round baler model 595; endorf 12T running gears, Steerable Whls 9000 Acres, Demco 750 bu gravity box w/ $1,150/choice. 320-769-2756 One Call Does It All! $26,500?? Retiring. 319-347tarp; White plow model 588 6676 or 319-269-4226 JD 8110 MFD with new rubber, 7 bottom 20”; Wil-Rich 25’ With one phone call, you can place your classified line ad in The Land, very nice 10’ Ag baggers; 20’ stalk chopper; Tebben 3pt Sell your farm equipment Farm News and Country Today. grain pup trailer; 2 compart- ripper, 9-30” shanks; 5 shank in The Land with a line ad. ment Parker gravity box & 3pt mounted Year-A-Round Call The Land 507-345-4523 J&M box with brush augers. subsoiler; All in good cond. for more information 320-760-1634 320-630-1777 507-345-4523 • 800-657-4665 www.thelandonline.com

Have an upcoming Auction? Talk to your auctioneer or call our friendly staff at 507-345-4523 to place your auction ad in THE LAND! You can email us at theland@thelandonline.com






AUCTIONEER’S NOTE: After a lifetime of farming, Leon has decided to retire and sell this clean line of equipment at auction. PREVIEW: By Appointment / LOADOUT: By Appointment



2000 John Deere 9400T track tractor, 6,168 hrs.

Case-IH 730C disc ripper, 7x30” John Deere 3710 auto reset plow, 9x18”

2001 John Deere 9650 STS combine, 2WD, 2,862 sep. hrs., 3,582 engine hrs. 2010 John Deere 608C chopping corn head 2010 John Deere 630F flex head

2002 IHC 9200i factory day cab semi, 793,820 miles 1996 Freightliner FL120 day cab semi, 648,855 miles





2013 Timpte hopper bottom trailer, 42’x96”x66” 1980 Wilson hopper bottom trailer, 40’ Unverferth header trailer, 30’


Parker Seed Chariot 2620 seed tender Brent 880 grain cart John Deere brown box w/SF1 card

Steffes Group, Inc., 24400 MN Hwy 22 S, Litchfield, MN 55355 | 320.693.9371

LEON SCHILTZ | 507.402.5449 or Eric Gabrielson at Steffes Group, 320.693.9371 or 701.238.2570 TERMS:Group, All items sold as isMN where is.22 Payment of cash or55355 check |must be made sale day before removal of items. Statements made auction Steffes Inc. 24400 Hwy S Litchfield, MN 320.693.9371 day take precedence over all advertising. $35 documentation fee applies to all titled vehicles. Titles will be mailed. Canadian buyers need a bank letter of credit to facilitate border transfer. Eric Gabrielson MN47-006



www.thelandonline.com —”Where Farm and Family Meet”

ADVERTISING NOTICE: Please check your ad the first week it runs. We make every effort to avoid errors by checking all copy, but sometimes errors are missed. Therefore, we ask that you review your ad for correctness. If you find a mistake, please call (507) 345-4523 immediately so that the error can be corrected. We regret that we cannot be responsible for more than one week’s insertion if the error is not called to our attention. We cannot be liable for an amount greater than the cost of the ad. THE LAND has the right to edit, reject or properly classify any ad. Each classified line ad is separately copyrighted to THE LAND. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.




’14 JD 690 4WD, 1640 Eng hrs, 1026 sep. hrs, 5 spd feederhouse, ’14 Cat TH407C, 7250 hrs, cab air, 8,000# lift cap, 24’ lift hgt, 48” forks, aux hyd. .................................................... $39,000 CM, power bin ext., 650x38 tires & duals ....................... $147,000 ’13 Gehl RS5-19, 1972 hrs, cab heat, 5500# lift, 19’ lift hgt, 48” forks. ......................................................................... $38,000 ’13 JD 660, 892/1180 CM, chopper duals................. $123,000 ’13 JLG G12-55A, 6694 hrs, cab air, 12,000# lift cap, 55’ lift hgt, outriggers, 60” forks ................................................. $52,000 ’01 JD 9750 STS, 3013/4156 CM, chopper, duals ....... $32,500





’06 Challenger MT755B 3995 hrs, 3PT, PTO,120” base, 16” belt .....$80,000 ’02 Case IH 2208, corn head 8 row 30” ....................... $10,000 ’04 JD 630F, 30’ flex head, high dam ............................ $7,000 ’14 Case IH 370 HD, 7065 hrs, 1000 PTO duals........... $72,000 ’06 Drago, 8 row 30” chopping corn head .................. $12,000 ’05 Versatile 2335, 5002 hrs, power shift, PTO ........... $62,000 ’09 Case IH 3412 corn head 12 row 30” ...................... $19,000 ’13 Case IH 3162 40’ flex draper ................................. $30,000 ’95 Cat CH35, 5528 hrs, 3PT 1000 PTO, 16” track, 88” on ’13 Case IH 3020 35’ flex head, 3” sickle.................... $18,000 center ..................................................................... $35,000 Case IH 1083, 8 row, 30” corn head w/ tracker drives, changed over to poly ........ $5,900 ’09 JD 7830 MFWD, 6185 hrs, 3PT PTO, 4 hyd, 20 speed auto quad, 48050 tires & duals, autosteer ready ............. $73,000 ’97 Case IH 8910 MFWD, 6695 hrs, 3PT, 4 hyd, 540/1000 PTO,14.9x46 tires & duals ........................................ $45,000

’16 JD 824KII, 7480 hrs, RC, 6 yd bkt.............................. $134,500 ’15 JD 544K, 4177 hrs, 3yd pin on bkt, RC........................ $92,000 ’14 JD 724K 6980 hrs, 4.75 yd pin on bkt, RC .................. $95,000 ’13 JD 644 K, 5520 hrs, quick coupler, 4.25 yd bkt ........ $105,000 ’15 Cat 950M, 7205 hrs, RC, 4.5 yd pin on bkt................. $115,000 ’15 Cat 930 M, 6599 hrs, RC, QC & bkt ............................ $85,000 ’08 Brent 1194 w/tarp, 1100 bushel, 520x42” walking ’14 Cat 938M, 8416 hrs, 3.5 yd pin on bkt, RC................. $82,000 tandems .................................................................... $29,000 ’14 Cat 930K, 9588 hrs, QC w/bkt ..................................... $69,000 ’16 Komatsu WA 270-7, 8193 hrs, Q.C., 4 yd bkt .............. $70,000 ’13 Brent 557, 550 bushel, 4 wheel brake, fenders, tarp ........$13,250 ’16 Komatsu WA 320-7, 6936 hrs, Q.C., 3.5 yd bkt ........... $75,000 ’14 Kawasaki 70Z7, 7628 hrs, QC & bkt ............................ $69,000 ’16 Case 621G, 7435 hrs, QC w/ 3 yrd bkt ............................. $72,000 ’15 Cat 323 FL, 3768 hrs, 40" bkt ............................... $105,000 ’12 Case IH 721F, 3254 hrs, RC, 3.5 yd pin on bkt ................ $69,000 ’11 JD 290GLC, 3347 hrs, 12'6" stick,42" bkt.............. $105,000 ’11 Case IH 721F 7650 hrs, QC 3 yd bkt, Aux hyd, 4 new 20.5 Rx25 tires ................................................................................. $69,000 ’11 Case CX300C, 2658 hrs, 12' stick, 54" bucket ...... $105,000


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LARSON IMPLEMENTS 5 miles east of Cambridge, MN, on Hwy. 95 763-689-1179


Look at our website for pictures & more listings: www.larsonimplements.com





INVESTIGATE BEFORE YOU INVEST! Midwest Free Community Paper Association does not knowingly accept fraudulent or deceptive advertising. Readers are cautioned to thoroughly investigate all classifieds and other ads which require an investment. (MCN)

LOCATION: From Howard Lake, MN, 1/2 mile west on US Hwy 12, 1 mile south on Keats Ave. SW, 1/4 mile east on 70th St. SW. 9882 70th St. SW, Howard Lake, MN 55349 / LOADOUT: Monday, November 23 from 9am - 4pm 2009 Felling tandem axle PLANTER TRACTORS GRAIN HANDLING EQUIPMENT bumper hitch dump trailer 2002 John Deere 1780 1997 John Deere 9400, 3,040 2016 GSI 1112 grain dryer conservation planter Stud King 38 pre-harvest hrs. 2016 Westfield WR80-71 auger TILLAGE EQUIPMENT Maurer header trailer 2012 John Deere 8235R, 8,665 2016 Westfield MKX130-64 auger 2005 John Deere 512 disc ripper TRUCK ATTACHMENTS pre-harvest hrs. 2016 Westfield WR100-31 auger 2002 John Deere 980 fi eld Chevrolet tonneau cover for (2) Allis Chalmers WD SKID STEER LOADER & cultivator 6.5 box COMBINE & HEADS ATTACHMENT / OTHER FARM TRUCKS & TRAILERS Northern Tool toolbox, 2’x4’, 2007 John Deere 9760 combine, SUPPORT ITEMS / LAWN 1,427 pre-harvest sep. hrs., 2,160 2004 Freightliner Columbia day aluminum diamond plate GARDEN / RECREATIONAL cab, 136,883 miles GRAIN CART pre-harvest engine hrs. ITEMS / TIRES 2009 John Deere 630F flex head 2011 Wilson Pacesetter DWH- 2010 Unverferth 1015 Xtreme SHOP ITEMS / MISC. ITEMS 2009 John Deere 608C chopping 500 hopper bottom trailer grain cart corn head 2016 Alcom tandem axle v-nose enclosed trailer


Steffes Group, Inc., 24400 MN Hwy 22 S, Litchfield, MN 55355 | 320.693.9371

GREG & JUDY CHOCK | GREG 612.327.8972 or Randy Kath at Steffes Group, 320.693.9371 or 701.429.8894

Steffes Group, Inc. 24400 MN Hwy 22 S Litchfield, MN 55355 | 320.693.9371

Complete terms, lot listings and photos at SteffesGroup.com / Randy Kath MN47-007

THE LAND — NOVEMBER 13/NOVEMBER 20, 2020 Planting Equip

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Harvesting Equip




PAGE 29 Livestock

FOR SALE: JD 7000 6R30” JD7720 Combine, $8,500; All kinds of New & Used farm WANTED TO BUY: Stanhoist WANTED: 1909-1940 Ford FOR SALE: Black Angus bulls planter, liq fert w/ squeeze JD643 Cornhead, $3,500; equipment - disc chisels, field and Bushhog steel barge Cars & Parts, Old Tin, Por- also Hamp, York, & Hamp/ pump, Yetter row cleaners, JD920 Bean Head with trail- cults, planters, soil finishers, boxes. Also, Gehl and Lo- celain & Neon Signs, Old Gas Duroc boars & gilts. Alfred precision meters w/ insect er, $8,250; JD27 Stalk Chop- cornheads, feed mills, discs, rentz grinder/mixers. JD Pumps & Globes, Old Oil Kemen 320-598-3790 boxes, also JD monitor, al- per, new hood, $2,000; JD balers, haybines, etc. 507- 720 front mount cultivators. Cans & Bottles, Other Old ways shedded, $8,000/OBO. Chisel Plow, $500; Interna- 438-9782 PLUS all types of farm ma- Car Related Items. Please Sell your livestock in The Land WANTED TO BUY: 1760 JD tional 6200 Grain Drill, 14 ft. chinery. 507-251-2685 Call 507-665-6893 with a line ad. 507-345-4523 planter, 12R30” w/ liq fert, in - 7” spacing, $1,200; JD960 Classified Line Ads good shape, always shedded. 27.5’ Field Cultivator, $4,500. 952-292-2019 Call 507-220-0487


Call 507-345-4523


2983 233rd St, Ada, MN 56510








PREVIEW: Friday, November 20 – Monday, November 30 from 8AM-5PM LOADOUT: All items to be removed within two weeks of auction closing by appointment. Contact Blaine, 218.474.0002 INCLUDES: Planting, Tillage Equipment, Row Crop Equipment, Trucks, Trailers, Pickups, Sprayer, Grain Handling Equipment, Scraper, Fuel Tanks, Farm Support Items

SteffesGroup.com Steffes Group, Inc., 2000 Main Ave East, West Fargo, ND

ERICKSON FARMS | Blaine, 218.474.0002

or Tadd Skaurud at Steffes Group, 701.237.9173 or 701.729.3644 All items sold as is where is. Payment of cash or check must be made sale day before removal of items. Statements made auction day take precedence over all advertising. $35 documentation fee applies to all titled vehicles. Titles will be mailed. Canadian buyers need a bank letter of credit to facilitate border transfer. Scott Steffes MN14-51



www.thelandonline.com —”Where Farm and Family Meet”

Thank you for reading THE LAND!



Thursday, November 19, 2020 @ 10:00 A.M.

Between issues, visit www.thelandonline.com

(Snow/Blizzard backup date 11/20/20, at the same time.) Check our web site www.danpikeauction.com for updates.

SALE LOCATION: Lakefield Legion Hall at 413 Main Street in Lakefield, MN.

Rost Township


PROPERTY LOCATION From the I-90 exit at Lakefield, Minnesota 1-1/2 miles south to Jackson County #34, then 2-1/2 miles west on #34. Watch for auction sign.

If you’re having a Farm Auction, let other Farmers know it!

PROPERTY LEGAL DESCRIPTION Northwest Quarter except West 50 Acres in Section Twenty Five (25), Township One Hundred Two (102) North (Rost Township), Range Thirty-Seven (37) West Jackson County, Minnesota. Jackson County Parcel #15.025.0300.

Upcoming Issues of THE LAND Southern MNNorthern MN Northern IA November 20, 2020 November 27, 2020 * *December 4, 2020 December 11, 2020 December 18, 2020 December 25, 2020 * *January 1, 2021 January 15, 2021 *January 8, 2021

PROPERTY INFORMATION Deeded Acres: 110+/- Acres Cropland Acres: 101.81 +/- Acres Crop Productivity Index Rating: 87.1 Estimated by Agra Data Mapping SPECIAL NOTE: Since we will be inside the Legion Hall for the sale, Covid-19 rules will apply. Also social distancing rules will apply. Those attending are asked to wear masks.



OWNER - William & Ardene Post MN Real Estate Trust

Deadline is 8 days prior to publication. Indicates early deadline, 9 days prior to publication.

Catherine Hohensteen & Douglas Anderson - Trustees Closing Attorney for the Sellers Patrick K. Costello - Costello, Carlson, Butzon & Schmit Law Firm Lakefield, MN. Phone #507-662-6621 SALE CONDUCTED BY

PO Box 3287 • Mankato, MN 56002 Phone: 507-345-4523 or 800-657-4665 Fax: 507-345-1027 Website: www.TheLandOnline.com e-mail: theland@TheLandOnline.com

410 Springfield Parkway Jackson, MN 56143 507-847-3468



Ask Your Auctioneer to Place Your Auction in The Land!





CLOSES: TUESDAY, DECEMBER 1 |10AM Clifton Township


Timed Online

LAND LOCATION: From Wheaton, MN, 5 miles east on Hwy 27, 1.5 miles north on 720th Ave. Land is located on the east side of the road.

AUCTIONEER’S NOTE: Mark has purchased another property closer to home and is offering this parcel at auction. This turnkey, productive, investment quality agricultural land is pattern tiled on 40’ centers. Please join Steffes Group for this online only opportunity to increase your farm acres or investment portfolio.

Lines Approximate 660th St

SteffesGroup.com 78

For a detailed Buyer’s Prospectus with complete terms & conditions, Mark 320.808.3492 or Scott Gillespie at Steffes Group, 320.760.3066 or 320.693.9371 Steffes Group, Inc. | 984ft 24400 MN Hwy 22 South | Litchfield, MN 55355 0ft 1968ft

Map Center: 45° 49' 15.4, -96° 23' 8.82

TERMS: Ten percent down upon signing purchase agreement, payable by cash or check. Balance due at closing within 30 days. 7-127N-45W This is a 5% buyer’s premium auction. Scott Gillespie MN14-30, Ashley Huhn MN47-002, Scott Steffes MN14-51

Traverse County Minnesota


Swine FOR SALE: Yorkshire, Hampshire, Duroc & Hamp/Duroc boars, also gilts. Excellent selection. Raised outside. Exc herd health. No PRSS. Delivery avail. 320-760-0365 Spot, Duroc, Chester White, Boars & Gilts available. Monthly PRRS and PEDV. Delivery available. Steve Resler. 507-456-7746

Thank you for reading The Land. We appreciate it! Pets & Supplies FOR SALE: AKC German Shepherd puppies. Imported Schutzhund breeding. Excellent dispositions. Healthy. Holloway, MN Call Suzette Riches. 320-394-2189 FOR SALE: Australian cattle dog Heeler puppies. 4 red males available. 3 1/2 months old. Farm raised. Parents are papered. Call for info 651-214-8510

THE LAND — NOVEMBER 13/NOVEMBER 20, 2020 Miscellaneous

mp-PARMA DRAINAGE PUMPS roc New pumps & parts on hand. ent Call Minnesota’s largest diside. tributor HJ Olson & Company SS. 65 320-974-8990 Cell - 320-212-5336

ite, ble. DV. eve

REINKE IRRIGATION Sales & Service New & Used For your irrigation needs 888-830-7757 or 507-276-2073

Winpower Sales & Service Reliable Power Solutions Since 1925 PTO & automatic Emergency Electric Generators. New & Used Rich Opsata-Distributor 800-343-9376

Looking for New or Used FARM EQUIPMENT? WANTED


We pay top dollar for your damaged grain. We are experienced handlers of your wet, dry, burnt and mixed grains. Trucks and vacs available. Immediate response anywhere.

Why hang on to stuff you don’t






NEW NH Workmaster 60, 50, 35’s/loaders ... On Hand


’84 JD 4850 FWA ............................................ $37,500

NEW NH E26C mini excavator ...................... On Hand NEW NH E37C mini excavator ...................... On Hand NEW NH L318/L320/L328 wheeled units ...... On Hand NEW NH C327/C337/C345 track units .......... On Hand ’99 Bobcat 773 ................................................ $17,900 ’17 NH L234 C/H/A.......................................... $32,000 ’12 NH 225 C/H ............................................... $27,000

NEW Versatile 610 4WD ................................ On Hand


’17 NH T4.65 ................................................... $42,000 ’13 NH T8.330 w/auto steer .......................... $143,000 JD 4450PS W/148 LOADER............................ $39,500

NEW Versatile DT610 Quad........................... On Hand NEW Fantini chopping cornhead ........................... Call ’09 Versatile 435 3000 hrs ............................ $120,000 Gleaner R52 w/cummins ................................. Coming ’12 Gleaner S77 ............................................ $179,000 Farmall 340 wf w/mower.................... ................$4,250 ’03 Gleaner R65 .............................................. $72,000 ’07 Massey GC2300 w/loader........ ................. $13,900 ’90 Gleaner R40 w/heads ............................... $17,500 ’98 Gleaner R62 .............................................. $59,000 ’97 Gleaner R62 ........................................ Just traded TILLAGE Geringhoff parts & heads available NEW Wilrich 513 9-24 .................................... On Hand ’14 Sunflower 4412-05.....................................$30,000



GREENWALD FARM CENTER Greenwald, MN • 320-987-3177 14 miles So. of Sauk Centre

THANK YOU FOR READING THE LAND! Please support the advertisers that you see in The Land.


NEW NH T4.75, T4.90, T4.120 w/loader.. ...... On Hand NEW NH T8.380 ............................................. On Hand


• 5/8” drum roller wall thickness • 42” drum diameter wall thickness • 4”x8” frame tubing 3/8” thick • Auto fold

Check out The Land classifieds first!

man use? Put a line ad in The Land ted and sell those things for some Ex- extra cash. It makes sense. thy. Call The Land at ette

cat. 4 1/2 ed. Call

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


’10 Wilrich QX2 37’ w/basket.......................... $34,500 NEW Salford RTS Units .......................................... Call NEW Unverferth Seed Tenders .............................. Call ’09 Wilrich QX2 55’5 w/bskt............................ $34,000 NEW Westfield Augers ........................................... Call ’05 CIH 730B w/lead ....................................... $16,500 NEW REM VRX Vacs. .............................................. Call ’13 Wilrich 513 5-30................. ..........................31,500 NEW Hardi Sprayers............................................... Call NEW Riteway Rollers .............................................. Call NEW Lorenz Snowblowers ..................................... Call PLANTERS NEW Batco Conveyors ........................................... Call ’11 White 8516 CFS, Loaded .......................... $68,000 NEW Brent Wagons & Grain Carts ......................... Call ’06 White 8516 cfs .......................................... $39,000 NEW E-Z Trail Seed Wagons .................................. Call ’06 White 8186 w/fert ...................................... $28,000 NEW Rock Buckets & Pallet Forks ......................... Call REM 2700, Rental ................................................... Call ’95 White 6722 loaded ....................................... $7,500 Pre-Owned Grain Cart ................................... On Hand ’96 White 6222 forward fold w/liq ................... $10,500 New Horsch Jokers ....................................... On Hand

Thank You For Your Business! (507) 234-5191 (507) 625-8649

smithsmillimp.com Hwy. 14, 3 miles West of Janesville, MN

Mon.-Fri. 7:30-5:00 • Sat. 7:30-Noon


Beck's Hybrids ............................................................... 1, 3, 5 Dairyland Seed Co Inc ......................................................... 17 Dan Pike Clerking ................................................................ 30 Freedom Home Care ............................................................... 6 Greenwald Farm Center ........................................................ 31 Henslin Auctions, Inc .................................... 24, 25, 27, 29, 30 Kannegiesser Truck ................................................................ 9 Land Resource Management ................................................. 25 Larson Brothers Implement .................................................. 28 Matt Maring Auction Co ....................................................... 25 Mike's Collision & Repair Center ......................................... 15 Minnwest Bank .................................................................... 19 MN Dept of Agriculture ........................................................ 7 Northland Buildings ............................................................. 12 Pioneer ................................................................. 4, 10, 11, 14 Pruess Elevator, Inc ............................................................. 31 Rush River Steel & Trim ...................................................... 13 Ryerson Auction Realty ........................................................ 24 Schweiss Doors .................................................................... 27 Smiths Mill Implement, Inc .................................................. 31 Southwest MN K-Fence ........................................................ 18 Steffes Group ...........................................24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30 Wingert Realty & Land Services ........................................... 24 YMT Vacations .................................................................... 23 507-345-4523 • 800-657-4665 PO Box 3287, Mankato, MN 56002-3287 www.thelandonline.com


www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


This week’s Back Roads is the work of The Land Managing Editor Paul Malchow.


A 21st century salute

any towns honor their veterans with memorials of one kind or another. Some incorporate a retired piece of army equipment, others feature a statue. But few can match the gleaming modern display in Butterfield, Minn. Designers of the Butterfield monument incorporated plastics, LED lighting and computerized plasma-cut steel to fashion a striking and dignified tribute to those who served. Jeremy Hall, a metal fabrication artist and welding instructor, did much of the monument’s fine work and gave the ‘nickel tour’ of the site this fall. But it was two widows who put the whole project in motion. June Witte and Mary Schulte both had husbands in the service. Two years ago they organized a committee to erect a veterans’ memorial in Butterfield’s city park. Butterfield has a VFW post, but no hall or meeting place to give veterans a physical presence. “There were a lot of fund raisers,” admitted Hall, “pork chop dinners, a pancake breakfast, silent auctions.” A steel three-dimensional outline of the state of Minnesota is the dominant feature of the memorial. An American flag made out of translucent plastic covers the state. LED lights are under the plastic which illuminates the flag sculpture at night. Written on the red stripes of the flag is, “Honoring All Who Served. All Gave Some … Some Gave All…”

“At night it looks pretty neat,” said Hall. Two benches face the Minnesota/flag centerpiece. The backs of the benches feature detailed metal work honoring June and Mary’s spouses. “I had done quite a few of these,” Hall said. “June wanted an eagle and a flag. Gus (Schulte) had a trucking business and Mary wanted something to do with that.” A number of short columns ring the Minnesota outline. On each column is room for plaques. Each plaque has a veteran’s name, branch and dates of service. Family members and friends of veterans purchased the plaques to help defray costs. “Some of the soldiers lived here,” explained Hall. “Some grew up here, went into the service and moved elsewhere. Three of our more prominent veterans are Ed Wentzlaff, who survived the attack at Pearl Harbor; Bruce Langdon, who was a hostage in Iran; and Donald Larson who started the VFW post.” A separate set of plaques are mounted on the state centerpiece honoring those who lost their lives while serving their country. “We planned to do a dedication,” said Hall, “but Covid closed it down.” Donations and veterans’ names continue to be accepted for the monument. Anyone interested should contact Mary Schulte at (507) 956-5311. v

Butterfield, Minn.

B:10.417" T:10.417" S:9.417"

TLS_CORN_CW_1113_1_PION0LOCL055.indd Saved at 10-29-2020 2:57 PM Job Info

From BR1008

By Meg Weichelt / Meg Weichelt


Job Bill to Client


Live Trim Bleed

9.417" x 7.75" 10.417" x 8.75" None

Publication Pub Date

The Land (South) None

CD ACD AD/Designer Copywriter Production Artist Campaign Mngr Copy Edit Account Producer Images Approved

Notes None

Printed At

Fonts & Images None None None None Meg W. None Karen Knurr Lauren/Jenna Lisa Gribble None

Fonts Gilroy (Black) Images master-background-cmyk.tif (CMYK; 268 ppi, -269 ppi; 111.75%, -111.75%), Pioneer_trap_white.eps (34.18%) Inks Cyan,











B:21.5" T:21.5" S:20.5"

To see the latest corn results near you, contact your local Pioneer sales professional or text H A RV E S T to 94 3 5 3 .




P0075Q™ brand






P0075Q™ brand






P0220Q™ brand






P0339Q™ brand






P0421Q™ brand






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Data is based on an average of 2020 comparisons made in Minnesota, northern Iowa through October 28, 2020. Comparisons are against any number of products of the indicated competitor brand, unless otherwise stated, and within +/- 4 CRM of the competitive brand. Product responses are variable and subject to any number of environmental, disease and pest pressures. Individual results may vary. Multi-year and multi-location data are a better predictor of future performance. DO NOT USE THIS OR ANY OTHER DATA FROM A LIMITED NUMBER OF TRIALS AS A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR IN PRODUCT SELECTION. Refer to www.pioneer.com or contact a Pioneer sales representative or authorized dealer for the latest and complete listing of traits and scores for each Pioneer® brand product. By texting HARVEST, you agree to receive recurring autodialed marketing text messages at the phone number you provide. Your consent is not a condition of purchase. Message and data rates may apply. pioneer.com/privacy Pioneer ® brand products are provided subject to the terms and conditions of purchase which are part of the labeling and purchase documents. TM ® SM Trademarks and service marks of Corteva Agriscience and its affiliated companies. © 2020 Corteva. PION0LOCL055_TP


None TLS_CORN_CW_1113_2-3_PION0LOCL055_r2.indd

Saved at 11-2-2020 10:31 AM Job Info

From BR1008

By Meg Weichelt / Meg Weichelt


Job Bill to Client


Live Trim Bleed

20.5" x 9.166" 21.5" x 10.166" None

Publication Pub Date

The Land (South) None

CD ACD AD/Designer Copywriter Production Artist Campaign Mngr Copy Edit Account Producer Images Approved

Notes None

Printed At

Fonts & Images None None None None Meg W. None Karen Knurr Lauren/Jenna Lisa Gribble None

Fonts Gilroy (Regular, SemiBold, Medium, Black, Bold) Images Master_YELLOWCORN_V1_XL_ALT_COVER_300MD. tif (CMYK; 277 ppi, -278 ppi; 108%, -108%), Pioneer_Housemark_horizontal_white.eps (29.4%), Pioneer_trap_white.eps (30.33%) Inks Cyan,











B:10.417" T:10.417" S:9.417"

None TLS_CORN_CW_1113_4_PION0LOCL055.indd

Saved at 10-29-2020 2:42 PM Job Info

From BR1008

By Meg Weichelt / Meg Weichelt


Job Bill to Client


Live Trim Bleed

9.417" x 9.166" 10.417" x 10.166" None

Publication Pub Date

The Land (South) None

CD ACD AD/Designer Copywriter Production Artist Campaign Mngr Copy Edit Account Producer Images Approved

Notes None

Printed At

Fonts & Images None None None None Meg W. None Karen Knurr Lauren/Jenna Lisa Gribble None

Fonts Gilroy (Bold) Images master-background-cmyk.tif (CMYK; 300 ppi; 100%), Pioneer_trap_white.eps (30.33%), Corteva_HorWht. eps (35.98%) Inks Cyan,










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THE LAND ~ November 13, 2020 ~ Southern Edition