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September 18, 2020 September 25, 2020


Nature’s harvest

Farmers aren’t the only ones preparing for harvest as migration south is underway INSIDE THIS ISSUE:

Renville couple honored for contributions to agriculture Linda Tenneson looks at pollinators • Swine & U and more!


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Take the high road ... and VOTE! P.O. Box 3169 418 South Second St. Mankato, MN 56002 (800) 657-4665 Vol. XLIV ❖ No. 19 28 pages, 1 section plus supplements

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Cover photo by Paul Malchow

COLUMNS Opinion Green and Growing Farm and Food File Table Talk The Bookworm Sez From My Farmhouse Kitchen Swine & U Mielke Market Weekly From The Fields Marketing Auctions/Classifieds Advertiser Listing Back Roads

2-5 4 5 6 6 7 12 16 17 19-20 22-27 27 28


Publisher: Steve Jameson: sjameson@mankatofreepress.com General Manager: Deb Petterson: dpetterson@TheLandOnline.com Managing Editor: Paul Malchow: editor@TheLandOnline.com Staff Writer: Kristin Kveno: kkveno@thelandonline.com Staff Writer Emeritus: Dick Hagen: rdhagen35@gmail.com Advertising Representatives: Joan Streit: (507) 344-6379, jstreit@thelandonline.com Deb Petterson: dpetterson@TheLandOnline.com Office/Advertising Assistants: Joan Compart: theland@TheLandOnline.com Lyuda Shevtsov: auctions@thelandonline.com For Customer Service Concerns: (507) 345-4523, (800) 657-4665, theland@TheLandOnline.com Fax: (507) 345-1027 For Editorial Concerns or Story Ideas: (507) 344-6342, (800) 657-4665, editor@TheLandOnline.com Because of the nature of articles appearing in The Land, product or business names may be included to provide clarity. This does not constitute an endorsement of any product or business. Opinions and viewpoints expressed in editorials or by news sources are not necessarily those of the management. The Publisher shall not be liable for slight changes or typographical errors that do not lessen the value of an advertisement. The Publisher’s liability for other errors or omissions in connection with an advertisement is strictly limited to publication of the advertisement in any subsequent issue or the refund of any monies paid for the advertisement. Classified Advertising: $19.99 for seven (7) lines for a private classified, each additional line is $1.40; $24.90 for business classifieds, each additional line is $1.40. Classified ads accepted by mail or by phone with VISA, MasterCard, Discover or American Express. Classified ads can also be sent by e-mail to theland@TheLandOnline.com. Mail classified ads to The Land, P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002. Please include credit card number, expiration date and your postal address with ads sent on either mail version. Classified ads may also be called into (800) 657-4665. Deadline for classified ads is 5 pm on the Friday prior to publication date, with holiday exceptions. Distributed to farmers in all Minnesota counties and northern Iowa, as well as on The Land’s website. Each classified ad is separately copyrighted by The Land. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. Subscription and Distribution: Free to farmers and agribusinesses in Minnesota and northern Iowa. $29 per year for non-farmers and people outside the service area. The Land (USPS 392470) Copyright © 2019 by The Free Press Media is published biweekly by The Free Press, 418 S 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727. Business and Editorial Offices: 418 S. 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727, Accounting and Circulation Offices: Steve Jameson, 418 S 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727. Call (507) 345-4523 to subscribe. Periodicals postage paid at Mankato, MN. Postmaster and Change of Address: Send address changes to The Land, P.O. Box 3169, Mankato MN 56002-3169 or e-mail to theland@ TheLandOnline.com.

While I was growing up, my parents minute, but we don’t need to continue were open and honest about so many down that awful road. We can take the aspects in life. Our conversations around high road. I’ve never seen a political the dinner table covered all topics; and fight on Facebook or any social media with our family we had varying views on platform that has resulted in the other just about everything. person changing their minds. Instead, horrible names are thrown around and However, the two things which were off anger ensues. It’s pointless, cruel and a limits with my parents were telling my waste of time. There are so many causes brother and I how much money they LAND MINDS in this world that could use peoples’ made and who they voted for. My dad time, money and energy. Let’s focus on By Kristin Kveno explained that both of those things were changing the world that way. private matters. My daughter’s Girl Scout troop leadWe always knew we had enough er created a walking museum in her money to keep us housed and fed and yard on Aug. 26 to commemorate the 100th that’s all we needed to know. As for the votanniversary of the women’s right to vote. It ing, it was a decision that was yours was eye opening. We had an insightful alone. At the time, I was annoyed I time walking through and learning wasn’t privy to either of those tantalizabout the events that transpired ing tidbits. But now I appreciate their which finally gave women the right to way of thinking — immensely. vote. It’s still astonishing to realize My husband and I have also adoptthat same right wasn’t extended to ed this line of thinking. We have Black people until 1965. The ability watched debates with our children, to vote was hard fought for so many. talked about what we saw, but have Let’s not waste our energy on bickergiven no indication of how we feel about ing, but use the opportunity to cast a the candidates. I actually wish we would vote for the people and causes that speak all be like that. Our voice is heard loud and to you. clear in the voting booth. This is our opportunity to There’s a comedian named Trey Kennedy. My kids have our opinion count. and I have loved watching his YouTube videos durI have friends who are as conservative as they ing the pandemic as he always brings smiles to our come and friends that are as far left as possible. faces. He just released a video (https://www.youtube. Guess what? They are all wonderful people. They com/watch?v=QooKVrPsGL0 )about picking a side have showed up when the chips are down, they have this political season. It’s hilarious. With the simbeen my ride or die buddies. I don’t care who they plest things, he is able to turn it political with vote for, I care if they have a good heart and are humor. He’s not picking a side at all; he’s merely dang funny. I need that laughter in life. pointing out that’s exactly what we’re doing at every turn. What if we go into this election season with love instead of distain? Hope instead of anger? Everyone We have the ability change our attitudes, to come has the right to put signs up, wave political flags together regardless of our political views and and wear face masks with candidates’ names on it; remember we are NOT who we vote for. Nov. 3 will but it seems instead of just looking at these things be here soon. May we all take a deep breath and as what they are, we are judging those people solely simply vote. on who they are supporting. Kristin Kveno is the staff writer of The Land. She may be reached at kkveno@TheLandOnline.com. v This election seems to be getting uglier by the



8 — MCGA bestows Gerald and Connie Mulder with “Kernel Crown” 9 — Palmer amaranth seed showing up in cattle feed 14 — Farmers should already be looking at 2021

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Luckily, pollinators come in all shapes and sizes What is a pollinator? A pollinator is Many pollinators visit flowers to drink anything that carries pollen from the the nectar each flower contains. Pollen is anther (male equivalent) to the stigma picked up accidentally in the process and (female equivalent) of flowers of any left on other flowers as the pollinator visgrowing plant. Pollination happens when its them. the pollen is moved by the wind, water, or The bumblebee visits flowers and its any kind of wildlife — which includes vibrating wings pick up pollen from one insects and mammals. Frequently, polliGREEN AND flower and then leaves it on the next nation involves insects such as bees, GROWING flower. Ants do not fly, but walk from wasps, ants and butterflies. Some less flower to flower, so they are less efficient well-known pollinators include bats, flies, By Linda G. Tenneson in spreading pollen from plant to plant. midges, mosquitos, moths and beetles. Mosquitoes pollinate certain orchids and may polliPlants known as self-pollinators use the wind to nate other plants while the males drink nectar from move pollen from a male flower to the female flower flowers. Butterflies are well-known daytime pollinawhich is growing on the same plant. tors, but moths (many of which fly at night) also visit a lot of flowers. Hummingbird moths may be seen in the daytime moving from flower to flower just as hummingbirds do. Hummingbirds and hummingbird moths Standard all round have long bills designed 30 COLORS 26-29 GAUGE durability to reach the nectar in flowers with deep throats that other insects would not be able to access. Beetles do not drink nectar, but they visit many plants simply to eat the flowers and leaves. Midges are a type of fly which pollinates the cacao trees that produce cocoa beans Standing seam architecture 30 COLORS 26-29 GAUGE look for half the price which are used to make chocolate. Bats pollinate the tropical flowers when they drink the nectar. Pollen is spread by accident just as it is by other pollinator activity.



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Humans are pollinators when they move pollen from plant to plant. Sometimes this is done on purpose to breed a new variety of plant. This purposeful pollination is often done under very controlled conditions so that the genetics of the plant are known. Humans may also be responsible for a small amount of pollinating by accident if we brush against flowers in the process of gardening. Pollinators are important because many of our fruits, vegetables and nuts would not grow without their work. The same foods we eat are also eaten by wildlife. Plants which are pollinated are then able to produce seeds which in turn grow into the next generation of those plants. Pollinator activity is an essential part of plant life and plants are an essential part of life on this planet. Growing a variety of plants which flower at various times of the year is a good way to encourage the survival of insect pollinators. We may not notice the flowers that trees have each year, but they also benefit from pollinators. Trees in turn provide food, shade, building materials and may modify some of the effects of climate change. The use of pesticides should be limited and done only according to the package directions because pesticides are often fatal to the insects that do the essential work of pollination. Linda G. Tenneson is a University of Minnesota master gardener and tree care advisor. v

Free fall gardening event available online The Stearns County Extension Master Gardeners invite you join them for Fall Gardening Knowledge for Free. This year’s event will be held as a two-part webinar series on Sept. 30 and Oct. 1 from 7:00-8:00 p.m. each day. Each session is taught by a Stearns County Extension Master Gardener and there will be time for questions at the end of each session. The Sept. 30 session gives insight into the success and lessons learned from an Extension Master Gardener who put in a pollinator garden this year. Topics include removing the sod, choosing plants, dealing with weeds and a successful first year. The Oct. 1 session will be a guide on evaluating this

year’s growing season. As the season begins to wind down it is important to map out where you had things planted to create crop rotation guides, what grew well and what was a miss. We can learn something from each year’s garden. What did yours teach you this year? Register for the event at z.umn.edu/GKFF. If you have questions or would like assistance with registration, call (320) 255-6169 or email extension@stearns.co.mn.us. This article was submitted by University of Minnesota Extension. v


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We’re not good students even when we’re given the answers If experience is the best teacher, then ing both. surely we have learned a few important Farmers and ranchers are learning unforgettable lessons in this otherwise another costly lesson most already knew: forgettable year. trade wars aren’t just unwinnable, If experience isn’t a good teacher, or we they’re damnable. The proof is anytime are uncaring students, then we’ve squanany one of them looks at any current dered most of the year, over $4 trillion, futures market chart or any monthly and almost 200,000 lives on lessons still bank statement. needing to be learned. FARM & FOOD FILE More proof arrived Sept. 2 in the U.S. That’s not just regrettable; it’s borderDepartment of Agriculture’s 2020 Farm By Alan Guebert line criminal for several reasons. Income Forecast. It showed that annual federal farm program payments in For example, America’s abdication of each of the last four years (FY2017 leadership on climate change has put through FY2020 respectively) were the world even further behind in $11.5 billion, $13.7 billion, $22.4 billion and $37.2 nature’s fire-and-brimstone future for our children billion. and grandchildren. That’s what an outdated federal ag policy trapped So far, 2020 has delivered back-to-back destructive in an ill-advised trade war wrapped inside a stillhurricanes on the U.S. Gulf Coast; daytime temperatures in southern California of 115 F or more that, spreading global pandemic looks like in U.S. farm country: $85 billion worth for bandages and iodine in turn, now fuel more than 400 wildfires in the — $60 billion in the last two years alone — with state; and straight-line winds (called a derecho) more of both promised in 2021. which either damaged or destroyed millions of crop acres and hundreds of millions of dollars in property On a nationwide percentage basis, direct federal from Nebraska to Ohio. payments to U.S. farmers and ranchers were 11.3 And, perhaps most remarkable of all, each of these percent of FY2017 net farm income. This year they once-in-a-generation, climate-related disasters hap- made up a record 31 percent of the nation’s net farm income. pened in just one month: August. And that’s the good news. The bad news is that it’s If that weather-fueled havoc proves anything, it a solid bet to be even higher next year. proves how vain and foolish we are when Mother Nature smiles; and how puny and vulnerable we are The biggest reason is that the billions for ag and when she doesn’t. But we deny climate change durthe trillions for other sectors were meant to buy


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time to build a levee against an all-but-certain second wave of coronavirus predicted to hit this fall. But for any number of bad reasons — too hasty re-openings, too little mask wearing, too many mass gatherings, and almost no coordination between states — the wave hit in the middle of summer. The deeply divided Congress responded by doing little, then nothing, and now Covid-19 deaths in the U.S. likely will surpass 200,000 by the end of September. Experts — who have been spot-on so far — predict 410,000 deaths by year’s end. That’s 120,000 more than all American “battle deaths” in World War II, according to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. If that number still doesn’t move our political, farm and community leaders to take the pandemic seriously, then we all are doomed to even more government debt, business failure and death. What should puzzle us now, however, is that all of this was predicted: how 2020 was going to be a punishing year for climate change; how the trade war would devastate American farm income; how the pandemic’s rapid spread, virulence and cost would hit America like nothing ever seen before. Worse, after all the pain, suffering and debt, we have not learned 2020’s stark lessons well enough to change course. In fact, we have spent the year going in a circle and are now back where we started in February. Only this time, the lessons will cost double and triple or more. The Farm and Food File is published weekly through the United States and Canada. Past columns, events and contact information are posted at www.farmandfoodfile.com. v


In the article by Dick Hagen, “The heat is on for sugar beet processor,” which appeared in the September 4/11 issue of The Land, Southern Minnesota Beet Sugar Cooperative President and CEO Steve Dahm’s name was misspelled. The correct spelling is Domm. v

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Parenting the world really is a big deal This past spring, farmers everywhere every year with no exceptions — unconwent to work planting the nation’s next ditionally. Even if they have to sacrifice. crop. When some in the world family roll That doesn’t even sound like a big deal their eyes and say what they do is to most people. It happens every year. unjust, farmers imagine that family with no food, fiber or fuel, and they dig their But the big deal is, in the coronavirus heels in and maintain the courage of days, grain producers forked out money their convictions. They have to remain they didn’t have to put in a crop they strong and united. knew would give them no return on their TABLE TALK investment. No return on investment When farmers feel unappreciated means no guarantee that they can stay in By Karen Schwaller because they see high prices for meat in business. the meat case, but only receive pennies per pound for that same meat, they often Other industry and commerce venues carry that feeling alone. But they keep producing depend on agricultural products to keep them going, grain to feed the animals which feed the world, and with businesses shut down and the ag economy because they see the bigger picture — the world on its knees due to anorexic grain and livestock family needs what they do. markets related to the coronavirus, it’s hard to know when or how it will end. During tough years like coronavirus years, farmers as much as receive no payment for the imporAgriculture parallels parenting in many ways. So tant work they do in being caretakers for the world much depends on agriculture — just as children depend on parents to keep them safe, warm and fed. family. Some of the most important work in the world is done by volunteers — which is how farmers Following are the top ten ways that the role of often feel. farmers compares to the role of parenting, as we They sometimes would like to tell the world famiimagine our nation’s farmers being parents and ly those famous words that farm mothers have said caretakers of the world: for generations: that, in the larger sense, “…..if you Farmers give abundantly to everyone in their don’t like it, supper’s over.” Trouble is, supper could world family — even to people who don’t necessarily be over for a long, long time. appreciate it. And even if they don’t have the money Just as parents keep the family going, farmers to give it. keep so many other people going in business, supEven when their world family doesn’t appreciate plying the basic needs of the production manufacwhat they give, they still plan on giving it every day, turing arena. In some way or another, most products

have roots that take them back to the farm. Farmers give to the world without expecting thanks or appreciation for all the work it took to get that box of cereal, those eggs, that glass of milk or orange juice, that hamburger, that pork chop or that chicken nugget meal to their tables. Farmers are so busy working that sometimes they don’t take the time they should to sit down, so to speak, and answer the many questions of their world family. And so the world family continues to tap them on the shoulder or tug on their shirt tails and ask questions. But they don’t always like the honest answers. Farmers embrace their world family — with all of their differences, similarities, flaws and imperfections; because theirs are the faces behind the reason they do this in the first place. There would be no other reason to withstand all the roller coaster emotions of farming if it were not for the world family who needs what they do. Some famous scholar in history once said, “When there is much food, there are many problems. When there is no food, there is only one problem.” We can apply that same thinking to families and parenting. Let’s all turn up the volume on appreciating our world parents — our farmers — and encourage them in their labors. Because what they do really is a big deal. Karen Schwaller brings “Table Talk” to The Land from her home near Milford, Iowa. She can be reached at kschwaller@evertek.net. v

Mystery and suspense call the tune in “Dead Man Dancing” Two hops on the left foot, then two on “Dead Man Dancing” the right. by John Galligan If you’re leading, synchronize this footwork with your partner in a wide fast circ.2020, Atria cle, boots stomping. If you’re really fancy, $27.00 / $36.00 Canada you can twirl her with her hand above 293 pages her head, hopping-hopping-hopping. It’s funny, isn’t it, how the sound of the time, for cripe’s sake, not THE BOOKWORM tuba in a polka can run in a direct line to some reason to be an idiot. SEZ your toes? Yes, but in the new novel And it might’ve been happy “Dead Man Dancing” by John Galligan, By Terri Schlichenmeyer — except that Augustus it’s not so funny if you get shot-ish. Pfaff’s house was torched by Her brother-in-law, Kenny, was getting an arsonist, and Gus was inside it. on Sheriff Heidi Kick’s last nerve. That was the last in a long string of weird things It was bad enough that he had the Confederate to happen in Bad Axe County, a mostly-rural place flag attached to his truck, but running around tucked away in southwest Wisconsin. The victims Syttende Mai like some yahoo with it was giving the were almost all minorities: a young Latino man had Sheriff a headache. It didn’t help that Kenny’s shown up at the local hospital, beaten half to death. brother, the Sheriff’s husband, had been seen with a A Hmong fisherman found a bloody boat anchor tall, pretty blonde over by a Farmstead area dam. while he was out near the Little Bad Axe River. And Heidi and Harley had been having problems, but now Gus, a portly white ex-principal was dead. Gus, she never thought he would cheat on her. had been writing a book about area history and This May weekend was supposed to be a happy long-forgotten genealogy.

Sheriff Kick normally loved this time of year; but even before the opening polka sounded its first oompa, she was already overworked, overwhelmed and on-guard. A letter had been mailed to the Sheriff’s office, promising a bounty on Kick’s head, dead or alive. And before the weekend was over, she’d have to fight to make sure it was the latter. Hey, what are you still doing here? Why aren’t you out getting “Dead Man Dancing?” You should, you know. It’s a perfect chance to relax between river and prairie, near bluffs and coulees; and meet fishing, good canoeing, cows, gruesome crime, blood, murder, and a nicotine-gum-addicted, sleep-deprived Sheriff who loves her town and her neighbors. Indeed, despite that Bad Axe County residents seem both backward and forward-thinking, author John Galligan plays his characters like a tuba: loud, dexterously, and with a deep breath — making it hard not to want to visit Farmstead yourself. See BOOKWORM, pg. 10


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City or country, housewives had their struggles with meals It’s a busy time of year on the farm. for morning and afternoon They worked hard — thus needing But is there ever a time on the farm lunches. But I didn’t realplenty of food for fuel. when we can really say the work is ize that supper was often “City women have it ‘easy’,” one caught up? Each season has its own priserved too. woman wrote. “No cows to milk, no orities and busy-ness. But right now, as I One woman had written churning, no vegetables to gather, no look at the work staring me in the face, a letter wondering how poultry to care for, no chickens to run all I can say it’s going to be a busy couple necessary it was to serve down, dress, etc. She just steps down of weeks. an evening meal after the to the telephone and in a short time That garden, which was going to work of the day was done. everything is delivered to her back FROM MY decrease in size this year, somehow did Her letter garnered plenty door.” FARMHOUSE not. Even though the rains have been of replies. KITCHEN There’s another side to story, lacking, a few strategic days of watering Some were in agreement according to the city woman. By Renae B. has resulted in produce: beans of all — remarking on the fact “Cooking three meals a day for 365 Vander Schaaf kinds; tomatoes of all sizes and colors; Photos by Renae B. Vander Schaaf days a year would not be one-fourth that if they finished at okra (it’s hibiscus-like flowers are not just for beau- your place early harvesting, the Okra blossoms (above) are the trouble if I didn’t have to pamper ty sake); grapes (if we get them before the birds); whole crew moved on Breakdowns or not just limited to good looks, the appetites of my family. But it’s no Aronia berries (which the birds leave alone until the uncooperative weather may have while a tray of colorful toma- wonder! Here we are cooped up withgrapes are gone); and apples (but who cares if only toes awaits processing. caused issues so that no evening out fresh air, sunshine or exercise. half the trees have apples on this year). And so it meal was needed; but the meal had My country sister has no worries, for goes. already been prepared. her family will eat any wholesome There is no need for Covid isolation rules as the food set before it. They have fresh One person wrote she has known of trail from the garden to my kitchen becomes my fruits and vegetables by simply stepwomen whose health suffered from only world. ping into the garden. Then too, preparing so much food in stifling, creamy milk, good butter, meat and Out of curiosity, I looked at The Iowa Homestead non-air conditioned kitchens over a poultry can all be had right there on newspapers of one hundred years ago to see what very hot wood stove. She thought the the farm.” farmwives were busy with. men should spend a few days in the kitchen to know what it was really The city woman also often found It seems like there was a quite a debate on the like. that when she phoned in her grocery necessity of feeding the threshing crew when it was order, she got so many inferior prodyour time to have the threshers at your farm. Others felt it was privilege to send ucts or was short-weighted, she went the threshing crew with a full stomThe whole family was busy then. There seemed to to doing her own marketing. Which meant changing ach and that the men had labored in hot, dusty be plenty of stress to make sure you were ready from a house dress to a street dress, walking one fields. After all, in 1920, would most of the threshwhen the threshing machines came to your farm, and a fourth mile to possibly wait in line at the ing crew have walked home? and that there would be plenty of food to feed the market to make her purchases before walking back crew. The other debate was whether city or farm women home with a heavy basket, according to the article. I always knew a huge meal at noon was prepared had it easier. The farm wife had to prepare 1,095 All these women have legitimate opinions and good, nutritional meals a year for hearty appetites. and served; and plenty of sandwiches and cookies concerns, and I do find them interesting. It will sure give me something to think about as I’m laboring over my not-so-hot stove in my air-conditioned house. All the while thankful that storms, locusts AD COPY INSTRUCTIONS Please read attached email my garden thus far this and pestilence have avoided year. B. Vander is anLAND independent CODE AND REP NAMESRenae ALREADY ON Schaaf AD THE 3.7461writer, x ” author and speaker. Contact her at (605) 530-0017 ST. PAUL — Farmers and Minnesota nonprofit involved in the project. v and educational organizations focused on testing SustAg grants have funded a wide range of proj- or agripen@live.com. new ideas in sustainable agriculture are encouraged ects; such as exploring farm diversification, cover to apply for a Sustainable Agriculture Demonstration crops and crop rotation, conservation tillage, and Grant by 4 p.m. Dec. 10. input reduction strategies and alternative energies SustAg grant projects explore farm profitability, like wind, methane, and biomass. energy efficiency, and environmental benefits of susProjects are published annually in the tainable agriculture practices or systems. Grantees MDA’s Greenbook, which provides a summary of each must be willing to share what they learn with others. project along with results, management tips, locaProjects last two to three years and may be funded tions of previous projects, and other resources. at up to $50,000, with applicants providing a dollarFor more information and to apply, visit www.mda. for-dollar match on amounts above $25,000. A total of state.mn.us/sustagdemogrant. $200,000 is available this year. Applications from This article was submitted by the Minnesota Minnesota farmers receive priority, but the program Department of Agriculture. v also funds Minnesota nonprofit and educational organizations if Minnesota farmers are meaningfully

Funding available for sustainable agriculture projects



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Gerald and Connie Mulder awarded ‘Kernel Crown’

By DICK HAGEN Mulders was Brian The Land Staff Writer Emeritus Thalmann, a Plato, Minn. corn farmer, past MCGA OLIVIA, Minn. — The President and now a Honorary Title of “Kernel” board member of the was bestowed upon National Corn Growers Gerald and Connie Association. “Grass roots Mulder on Aug. 27 for is what separates us from dedicated service to the many organizations,” Minnesota Corn Growers Thalmann said. “That’s Association. because our growing and This ‘crowning event’ very active membership occurred in Olivia, Minn. is a defining attribute — — the self-proclaimed especially when we are Corn Capital of Minnesota doing comment letters at — at the Cenex service our state capital and comstation on busy U.S. ment letters to key Highway 212. The 11 a.m. Congressional people in to 1 p.m. ceremony had a D.C. To be able to say to courtyard of spectators these people that we’re too. A special banner — representing thousands courtesy of MCGA — read farmers across America “Fuel Promotion Day” brings some added power and helped draw the to our message — both crowd. Cenex offered diswith state legislators and counted fuel prices such members of Congress.” as E85 fuel at $1.04 per So are corn growers’ Photo by Dick Hagen gallon and E60 at $1.24. Connie and Gerald Mulder (center) were honored at a special event in Olivia, Minn. on Aug. 27. Participating in political muscles still For Gerald, now wheel- the presentation were (left to right): Minnesota Corn Research and Promotion Council member Doug Albin, growing? Thalmann had chair bound, and wife MCGA Board MemberTim Waibel, Connie Mulder, MCGA Executive Director Adam Birr, MCGA Board Member this intriguing response: Connie, it was a most sur- Harold Wolle, MCGA Board Member Brian Thalmann, and Renville County Corn and Soybean Grower Presi“I think we’ve always prising and enjoyable dent Charlie Mathiowetz. been able to punch above event. “Certainly didn’t our belt … both because expect this!” exclaimed Gerald. “Good to see some of that South Dakota now advertises attracting of issues we deal with and because of our people. my long-time Corn Grower Association friends too. Minnesota business firms to South Dakota. I think There’s a real face to our organization: the face of the We’ve been blessed in many ways through our work our Minnesota folks need to wake up and start put- American Farmer. And as you’re seeing in today’s with corn growers and staff.” ting some serious effort into keeping Minnesota busi- political spectrum, that carries a lot of weight.” Gerald has carved a distinguished history with the nesses in Minnesota. Does that mean E-15 will soon be locked in as a MCGA: nine years on the state board; 35 years as a “Clamping down on law and order would be a good nationwide fuel standard? Thalmann feels strongly dues-paying member. The Mulders also have a repu- start. I think this lawless rioting is killing us. Some on this issue and is much aware of the political contation as prime membership recruiters for MCGA. aren’t even scared of our cops anymore. Common straints of the oil industry. “That continues our Relates Gerald, “Corn Growers Association accom- sense has got to come back. That means better rela- number-one priority — just as it was this past legisplished many things over the years … various tions with our colored people too … we’re all in this lative session. Covid forced us to take a step back; but research projects — both with producers and together.” going into this next legislative session, this will be University of Minnesota researchers — and so much Gerald is optimistic for 2020 crop yields. “I think our number-one focus.” more. I got very involved in membership recruitment. 250 bushels will be the low; I think beets will make Summed up MCGA Executive Director Adam Birr, Yes, that took some time, but it was fun time, too! I 40 tons. Yep, we’re having an incredible year. Thank “How fitting here today honoring Gerald and Connie. feel proud about growing our membership. Plus the Lord. Renville County will continue support of Their resolve helped greatly in the success of our yearly visits to the big National Corn Expo always activities and projects of the Minnesota Corn Growers. organization.” added to the satisfaction.” We’re the highest membership by far. I think Renville Nice going, Kernel Mulder! v I had to ask if MCGA will ever catch up with mem- County will go over 1,000 members this year!” bership of the Iowa Corn Growers. Gerald chuckles, On hand at the Cenex station to congratulate the “Every time we get close they just go out and buy more members.” Like most corn growers in Minnesota (and Iowa), Gerald is frustrated by the ongoing battle with the Small Refineries Association for not including ethanol-enriched fuels in their distribution to fuel distributors. “Hopefully, our National Corn Growers are making progress,” he said. “I’ve been out for a while so really don’t know the issues. But it does worry me

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Palmer amaranth suspected in feed ingredients Keep an eye out for Palmer amaranth hitching a ride into Minnesota via contaminated feed ingredients. Minnesota has at least one infestation in the state which arrived via contaminated cattle feed. The potential for this to happen again is high, especially when sourcing feed ingredients from areas where Palmer amaranth and other problematic weeds are more common. Pay attention to weeds growing around livestock feeding areas, near manure storage areas, or in fields with a history of manure application. These are likely the areas where Palmer amaranth and other new weeds will show up first. While weeds can find their way to your farm via wildlife and other uncontrollable factors, many new Photo submitted by Minnesota Department of Agriculture weed seeds are brought onto the farm from normal farm activities. Most of the new infestations of A recent Palmer amaranth infestiation in Minneosta is Palmer amaranth have been brought in via equip- linked to contaminated cattle feed. ment (especially used equipment purchased from an area where Palmer amaranth is more common), contaminated seed, or contaminated feedstuffs. The amount of risk for contamination with weed seeds depends on the type of feed and where it originates. Feed that has been ground, pelletized, or ensiled is less concerning compared to less-processed feed ingredients. Palmer amaranth is more common further south. ST. PAUL — The Minnesota Department of Any feed ingredient which was produced where Palmer amaranth is present in fields is more likely to Agriculture is encouraging farmers and agronobecome contaminated. Cottonseed and sunflower mists to scout fields now for the invasive weed screenings have been the source of several infesta- Palmer amaranth. Palmer amaranth is listed as a noxious weed in tions in the Midwest. Other feed ingredients, including hay and animal bedding, produced where Palmer Minnesota and was first discovered in the state in amaranth is more common are also concerns. 2016. All above and below ground parts of the Additionally, herbicide resistance is more common plant must be destroyed, and it cannot be moved. further south, meaning other weed seeds that may Left uncontrolled, a single female Palmer amatravel in with the feedstuffs, including waterhemp, ranth plant typically produces 100,000 to 500,000 may be herbicide resistant. seeds. It is resistant to multiple herbicides, can Any forage produced in weedy fields will likely con- cause substantial yield losses, and greatly increase tain weed seeds, whether harvested as dry hay or weed management costs in soybeans and corn. ensiled. Ensiling forages will help reduce the viabilNow is the time when Palmer amaranth is visiity of weed seed. This is especially the case for grass ble in agricultural fields. The MDA is asking weed seeds. Even hard-coated seeds like pigweed can farmers and agronomists to pull out any suspibe degraded during ensiling. Palmer amaranth seed cious plants and report them to the Minnesota viability can drop by 40-60 percent after one month Department of Agriculture’s Arrest the Pest line of ensiling alfalfa or corn silage. at (888) 545-6684 or arrest.the.pest@state.mn.us. Don’t assume animal digestion will kill all of the Palmer amaranth can be identified by the green seeds. Though it will reduce weed seed viability, feed- leaves which are smooth and arranged in an altering contaminated feed to livestock will not eliminate nate pattern that grows symmetrically around all Palmer amaranth seed. Grass and soft-coated the stem. The leaves are oval to diamond or tribroadleaf seeds are more easily destroyed in diges- angle shaped. The leaves of some Palmer amation than hard-coated seeds like Palmer amaranth. ranth plants have a whitish, V-shaped mark on In ruminants like cattle, nearly 30 percent of ama- them. Not all Palmer amaranth plants display ranth seed survives digestion. The gizzard digestive this characteristic. system of poultry is highly effective at destroying Palmer amaranth looks similar to our native weed seeds. For instance, only 3.5 percent of Palmer amaranth seeds fed to ducks were recovered and pigweeds such as waterhemp (tuberculatus and A. rudis), Powell’s amaranth (A. powellii), and redfound viable. root and smooth pigweeds (A. retroflexus and A.

MDA urges landowners to scout for Palmer amaranth


Internal heat generated by properly composted manure will kill most weed seeds — even Palmer amaranth. Aged manure is not composted manure. Weed seeds are killed in composted manure due to warm temperatures ( greatere than 140 F) for several days. In typical on-farm composting sites, weed seed viability is typically reduced by more than 90 percent. This percentage is even higher in the bestmanaged compost sites. More information on Palmer amaranth in manure, visit https://blog-crop-news.extension.umn. edu/2019/06/palmer-amaranth-in-manure-what-canyou.html. Palmer amaranth is a highly competitive pigweed closely related to waterhemp. Like waterhemp, Palmer amaranth emerges throughout the growing season, and can grow 2-3 inches per day, causing large yield reductions if it goes uncontrolled. Control is often challenging, as Palmer amaranth has resistance to many different herbicides. Palmer amaranth is on Minnesota’s prohibited noxious weed eradicate list. For more information and tips on identifying this weed, visit https://extension.umn.edu/annual-broadleaf-weeds/preventing-palmer-amaranth-minnesota. If you suspect Palmer amaranth on your farm, please contact one of the parties listed below. Arrest the Pest — web: http://www.mda.state.mn. us/plants-insects/arrest-pest; email: arrest.the.pest@ state.mn.us; phone: (888) 545-6684. Denise Theide, Minnesota Department of Agriculture — email: Densie.Theide@state.mn.us; phone: (651) 201-6531 Anthony Cortilet, Minnesota Department of Agriculture — email: Anthony.Cortilet@state.mn.us; phone: (651) 201-6538 Shane Blair, Minnesota Department of Agriculture — email: Shane.Blair@state.mn.us; phone: (507) 8842116 Bruce Potter, University of Minnesota Extension — email: bpotter@umn.edu. This article was submitted by Nathan Drewitz, Jared Goplen, Adam Austing, and Chryseis Modderman, University of Minnesota Extension. v




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EPA rejects refinery waivers of ethanol blending It may seem farmers can’t catch a break in 2020, but there was a little good news to celebrate this week. On Sept. 14, federal regulators refused to allow a group of petroleum refiners in 14 states to forego requirements to blend ethanol into the gasoline they make. Congress required blending of at least 15 billion gallons of ethanol a year into the nations fuel supply. The waivers were originally designed to help small refineries meet the federally-mandated ethanol targets. However, much to the chagrin of corn growers, larger refineries also have received exemptions from the Trump administration. The petroleum refiners had sought 54 exemptions retroactively (some as far back as 2011) which would have allowed the petroleum industry to remove hundreds of millions of gallons of corn-based ethanol from the market. The decision from the EPA rejects 54 so-called “gap-year” petitions which allowed refiners to skip blending in ethanol between 2011 and 2018, though

Book is relevant with current events BOOKWORM, from pg. 6 If you do, bring your knowledge of current events because Galligan ripped the pages out of a bunch of news magazines to make this book relevant and as fresh as country air. Bring a bookmark, though you probably really won’t need it. And remember: two jumps left foot, two jumps right, and the thrills inside “Dead Man Dancing” will get your heart hopping. Look for the reviewed book at a bookstore or a library near you. You may also find the book at online book retailers. The Bookworm is Terri Schlichenmeyer. Terri has been reading since she was 3 years old and never goes anywhere without a book. She lives in Wisconsin with three dogs and 10,000 books. v

Palmer Amaranth PALMER AMARANTH, from pg. 9 hybridus, respectively). Redroot and smooth pigweeds have fine hairs on their stems and leaves. Palmer amaranth and waterhemp do not have these hairs. The petiole (stalk connecting a leaf to the stem) is longer than the length of the leaf. For waterhemp, the petiole will be only half the length of the leaf. Seedhead spikes on female Palmer amaranth plants are much taller (up to three feet long) and pricklier than waterhemp or redroot and smooth pigweed spikes. This article was submitted by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture. v

another 14 are still under consideration. The EPA found the applicants did not make a sufficient economic case for needing a break. Tensions between refiners and the corn and ethanol producers arose in 2019 after EPA approved more than 80 waivers for refiners. The Renewable Fuels Association sued, which prompted the latest round of waivers EPA is now rejecting. “Rejecting the petitions is simply the right thing to do, and today’s decision marks a big step forward toward fully restoring integrity to the Renewable Fuel Standard. This should serve as the final nail in the coffin of these gap-year petitions, and we are eager to put this dark and sordid chapter in the history of the RFS behind us once and for all,” the Renewable Fuels Association, which represents ethanol producers, said in a statement. Iowa Democrat Representative Abby Finkenauer agreed the EPA decision will help Iowa farmers, but

reminded that the Trump administration had approved previous waivers which removed 4 billion gallons of ethanol from production. “Today’s decision by the EPA to reject dozens of pending petitions for small refinery exemptions should have been made years ago — before the Administration gave 85 exemptions to oil companies. They shouldn’t be celebrated for deciding not to further worsen the economic challenges our rural communities are currently facing,” Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) said in a release. While maintaining the ethanol production levels, the EPA decision also is likely to bring an end to the small refinery exemptions that have plagued the ethanol industry. If the decision isn’t appealed or if it is upheld on appeal, only a few small refineries would remain eligible for waivers, said Monte Shaw, executive director of the Iowa Renewable Fuels Association. This report was compiled from releases from various sources. v

www.TheLandOnline.com Grants aim to improve organic dairies MORRIS, Minn. — Organic dairy farmers will soon have additional resources for improving management strategies from the University of Minnesota certified organic dairy program located at the West Central Research and Outreach Center in Morris, Minn. Dr. Bradley Heins, Associate Professor of Dairy Science at the WCROC, was recently awarded three grants totaling $2.1 million to further research in the areas of disbudding alternatives for organic dairy calves, pre-weaned calf rearing options, and the effect of high-legume diets on milk quality. The grants were provided through the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Disbudding, or horn removal, presents a unique challenge in pain management for organic dairy producers. They must use organic-approved treatments and management practices while maintaining animal welfare. This research project will look at alternative methods for disbudding and pain management and provide scientific evidence to producers.

Dr. Heins and his research team will be evaluating various calf rearing options in the context of calf health, welfare, and wellbeing. Specifically, they will look at individual housing, group housing, pair housing, and raising calves with cows on pasture. Ultimately, the team will provide recommendations on best calf rearing options for organic producers. Using a multiregional approach, the University of Minnesota is partnering with the University of New Hampshire and the University of Maine to look at how farmers can utilize nutrient-rich legumes on pasture to positively impact milk production and herd health. Research projects began Sept. 1 and continue through 2023. For more information about the organic dairy program at the WCROC, visit z.umn.edu/wcrocdairy or follow on Instagram @umnwcrocdairy. This article was submitted by University of Minnesota. v

Crop insurance deadline nears The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Risk Management Agency reminds Iowa and Minnesota producers that the final date to apply for crop insurance for fall-planted crops (such as cultivated wild rice, forage production, grass seed, mint, rye and wheat) is Sept. 30 for the 2021 crop year. Current policyholders who wish to make changes to their existing coverage also have until the Sept. 30 sales

closing date to do so.   Farmers with crop insurance questions or needs should contact their crop insurance agents. Learn more about crop insurance and the modern farm safety net at www.rma.usda.gov.  This article was submitted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. v

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The transgenic soybean event in Enlist E3® soybeans is jointly developed and owned by Dow AgroSciences LLC and M.S. Technologies L.L.C. Pioneer® brand products are provided subject to the terms and conditions of purchase which are part of the labeling and purchase documents. TM ® SM Trademarks and service marks of Dow AgroSciences, DuPont or Pioneer, and their affiliated companies or their respective owners. © 2020 Corteva. PION0LOCL055


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Improving sustainability by recycling food waste — Part I Crises often lead to change. For far too long, food waste has been the greatest contributor to inefficiency of resource use and our inability to achieve greater global food security and sustainability. More than 1.3 billion tons of edible food material are wasted annually around the world, which represents about one third of the total food produced and is enough to feed more than one billion people. The amount and types of food waste vary between countries. Forty-four percent of global food waste occurs in less-developed countries during the postharvest and processing stages of the food supply chain. The remaining 56 percent of these losses (of which 40 percent occur at the pre- and post-consumer stages) are attributed to developed countries in Europe, North America, Oceania, Japan, South Korea and China. As a result, the United Nations has deemed food waste reduction as a global priority and included it in the list of sustainability goals. Specifically, food waste reduction has significant implications for several of the UN Sustainable Development Goals including zero hunger; responsible consumption and production; climate action; life below water; and life on land. Crises often accelerate existing trends and the Covid-19 pandemic is redefining the concept of sustainability. The Covid-19 pandemic has caused major disruptions in food supply chains and caused huge shifts in food access, food security and food losses due to changes in food flow and distribution patterns. Food supply chains are complex and most operate in a “just-in-time” mode where minor disruptions can have dramatic consequences. When employees were required to stay at home, and all businesses except those deemed essential were closed, consumer demand for food shifted from food services (e.g., restaurants, hotels, schools, and institutions) to retail grocery stores. Although ample supplies of food were available, existing food distribution networks were unable to quickly respond to these changes, which resulted in increased food waste. For example, short-term disruptions in eating habits during the early stages of the Covid-19 outbreak in Spain resulted in a 12 percent increase in food loss and waste. Furthermore, increased shortages of agricultural and food processing workers caused by illness or fear of becoming ill led to fruit and vegetable crops being destroyed, along with closures or reduced processing capacity of animal slaughter plants. This severely restricted access for marketready livestock and poultry and resulted in the unfortunate need to humanely euthanize and dispose of millions of animals originally destined to enter the food chain. Economic losses due to Covid-19 disruptions have been estimated to be at least $13.6 billion (U.S. dollars) for U.S. cattle producers and $5 billion for U.S. pork producers — with 30 percent less meat available to consumers at a projected 20 percent increase in price.




In addition to these economic losses, lack of sufficient rendering capacity for disposal of marketready animals has required the use of other less-desirable methods of SWINE & U disposal which are detriBy Dr. Gerald C. Shursoon mental to the environment and cause inefficiencies in resource use (i.e., land, water, nitrogen, phosphorus, labor) while increasing biosecurity risks. As a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, researchers have proposed rethinking and redefining sustainability as the intersection of the economy, environment, society, and human health. Furthermore, a more holistic approach which includes climate, economics and nutrition is needed to improve food supply chain efficiency by reducing food loss and improving waste management of food supply chains adversely affected by changes in consumption patterns caused by pandemics. In fact, the European Union has already indicated plans to revise the Farm to Fork subsection of the Green Deal reforms. Now, more than ever before, it is time for researchers and food sector experts to accelerate efforts for developing more sustainable and modern food systems by reducing the cost of food waste recovery and reutilization in the food chain. However, a very important component of food loss which has not been considered in all of these proposals, which also has dramatic effects on food security and sustainability, are mortalities caused by animal disease epidemics. The African swine fever epidemic in China caused estimated losses of 220 to 300 million pigs originally destined for the food chain in 2019. This enormous number of pigs represents 25–35 percent of the total world pig population. Because of the lack of infrastructure to manage the disposition of millions of pigs, the capabilities to recover nutrients from carcasses through rendering was not possible, and carcass burial and disposal in landfills were used at great environmental costs and biosecurity risks. In addition, highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in many countries around the world have resulted in losses of millions of chickens due to mortality and depopulation. Unfortunately, the likelihood of future disruptions in global food animal production caused by animal disease epidemics is increasing — due to increased global trade and travel, urbanization, exploitation of natural resourc-

es, and changes in land use. These unprecedented food losses due to disruptions in global food supply chains have created an urgent need to reevaluate the intertwining of resource recovery, environmental impacts, and biosafety of various food waste streams and animal carcasses to achieve the greatest value. This is essential because animal-derived foods provide about one third of total human protein consumption; but their production requires about 75 percent of arable land and 35 percent of grain resources, while contributing about 14.5 percent to total greenhouse gas emissions. Reimagining recovery of nutrients from food waste and animal carcasses, and subsequent recycling of these valuable nutrients into animal feed, can provide tremendous opportunities to use less arable land and rely less on global grain supplies, while reducing animal agriculture’s contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. Although Japan and South Korea have been leaders in recycling food waste into animal feed, countries which produce much greater amounts of food waste (such as the United States and the European Union) have lagged far behind. Concerns over the risk of transmission of bacteria, prions, parasites and viruses have been the main obstacles limiting the recycling of food waste streams containing animal-derived tissues into animal feed. These concerns have led to government regulations restricting this practice in the U.S. and EU. Adequate thermal processing is effective for inactivating all biological agents of concern — perhaps except for prions from infected ruminant tissues. The tremendous opportunity for nitrogen and phosphorus resource recovery from recycling food waste streams and rendered animal by-products into animal feed have not been fully appreciated. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to summarize the current knowledge of the benefits and limitations of recycling various pre-harvest to post-harvest food animal-derived waste sources, as well as retail to post-consumer food waste sources, into animal feeds to achieve greater food security and sustainability. In next month’s Swine & U, we will examine further the options for maximizing resource recovery and value of waste streams when dealing with food waste disposal. Dr. Gerald Shurson is a Professor of swine nutrition in the University of Minnesota Department of Animal Science and can be reached at shurs001@ umn.edu. v


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South Central College unveils $11 million remodel By KRISTINE GOODRICH Mankato Free Press NORTH MANKATO, Minn. — South Central College students have updated experiential labs and classrooms, a new space to study and meet with classmates, and a centralized place to get help. An $11 million remodel of much of the college’s North Mankato campus was completed late last spring. State lawmakers who helped fund the project and other officials celebrated with a ribbon-cutting ceremony on Sept. 15. Lawmakers approved $9.6 million in state funding for the project in the 2017 bonding bill.

“We really appreciate the legislative support,” SCC President Annette Parker said. “It’s really going to pay dividends for generations to come.” The college used $1 million of its reserves to finish the project, which began in spring 2019. Area businesses and organizations provided another $750,000 in financial and in-kind donations toward the remodel and enhancing programs. Minnesota State Board of Trustees President Jay Cowles called the gifts an example of the industry partnerships that are the “lifeblood of making a community college relevant, wellequipped and with a sense of direction

in its programs.” “This really centralizes our response Nearly 34,000 square feet of the to what our students’ needs are,” said building were remodeled with updated Judy Endres, associate vice president of student affairs. learning and student support spaces. The project also included less visible Minnesota State Project Manager Karen Huiett said the project had two but long deferred maintenance work, central objectives: “To create a student including replacing the roof, and heatand faculty environment that simu- ing and cooling systems. lates real-life experiences and then There also are some new spaces for prepares students to enter into the students while they are not in class. A workforce or on to a university.” lounge and meeting rooms are open for The improvements include new students to study and work in small health science, welding and agriculture groups. Another room is open to any labs with new equipment that mirrors student for prayers or other quiet or mimics what students will use in the reflection and includes a washing station designed for Muslim students. workforce. SCC Student Senate President Taylor There also are a number of remodeled classrooms, many of which had not had Benton brought a student voice to the a major makeover since they were built design phase of the project. in the 1960s. “I am really grateful this is the school I chose to come to because it makes A new suite of offices known as the One Stop brings together academic sure students are put first and this advising, financial aid and many other renovation has clearly shown that,” she said. Dairy and Meat Inspection Division student support services that were previously scattered throughout the buildThe Free Press and The Land are siswill be the featured speakers. ing. ter publications owned by The Free The webinar begins at 6:30 p.m. PrePress Media. v registration is required. Register at z. umn.edu/Goat-SheepMarketing by noon on Sept. 30. The Zoom link will be emailed to you after registration closes. If you are unable to attend the live session, you will receive the recording via Honor your friend or loved one with a special email. “In Memoriam” ad Contact Brenda Miller at nels4220@ umn.edu or Colleen Carlson at traxl042@umn.edu with any questions. In Memoriam This article was submitted by Sample ad University of Minnesota Extension. v shown here is actual Generic size of Mankato, MN art or photo 01/01/1901 – 01/01/2020 here health and mastitis in small ruminants; how processing of sheep milk impacts human digestion; development A very special grandpa, father, uncle, son. of novel products based on donkey Sadly missed by the Doe family.* milk; processing technologies for nonbovine milk: opportunities and chal*Up to 2 lines of text. (88 characters & spaces max.) lenges and why somatic cell counts in goat milk matter. $44.00 – One Zone** Further information on the sympo$60.00 – Both Zones, Full Circulation sium can be found at www.fil-idf.org/ sheepandgoat2020, **Zones: Land I - Southern MN & Northern IA or Land II – Northern MN This article was submitted by the International Dairy Federation. v

U of M Extension to host goat/sheep webinar On Sept. 30, the University of Minnesota Extension will host a webinar focusing on the different factors and steps to connect goat and sheep producers with consumers. Discussion will center around the different types of processing and direct marketing, animal ID and record keeping, factors affecting the marketing of sheep and goats, cuts of meat, profit calculators, outlets for direct marketing, and how to tell your story. Extension sheep specialist Dr. Travis Hoffman, local meat specialist Rashed Ferdous and a representative from the Minnesota Department of Agriculture’s

IDF non-cow milk symposium The eighth International Dairy Federation’s symposium on sheep, goat and other non-cow milk will be presented in a digital format. Originally planned to take place in May 2020 in Brussels, Belgium, webinars to be held Nov. 4, 5 and 6. Topics to be discussed on the agenda include socio-economic sustainability; policies and social aspects of non-cow milk production; managing sheep farm performances to improve productivity and environmental performance; the medicinal values of camel milk and its significance for food security; udder

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Growers need to be vigilant stewards of the 2021 crop By DICK HAGEN rewards too! succulent silks still coming out. The Land Staff Writer Emeritus The Land: We also hear it’s So if you were seeing this activity in your fields this OLIVIA, Minn. — Blue skies, been a good year for corn root- fall, be vigilant this coming year. That’s why I can see bright sunshine and comfortable worm beetles — especially egg an increase in corn rootworm-treated corn sales this temperatures greeted Brevant laying this fall? season; and/or insecticide treatments — whichever Seeds dealer representatives to a Kveno: I agree — especially in route a producer decides. If 2021 continues to look Sept. 3 event hosted by Brad Pietig. the eastern part of Minnesota like a stronger market year for corn, we want to proI had an opportunity to sit down because of increasing continuous tect every bushel to harvest. with Brevant Retail Product Seth Kveno corn acres. We’re seeing a fair The Land: With farm economists advising profits Agronomist Seth Kveno for a quick amount of corn rootworm activity start with lowering production costs, how do you question-and-answer session. Kveno brings with him and also heavy numbers of beetles. advise root protection? about 20 years in this constantly pulsating seed Yes, partly to blame is farmer neglect. Many don’t Kveno: This goes back to your local fertilizer industry. His business card reads, “The BOLD new use soil-applied insecticides, or aren’t planting cornsource providing a sulfa insecticide — if you have future of the seed industry has a name. It’s SETH.” rootworm traited products. Plus the economy has that opportunity. Not all new planters are set up The Land: What four key areas should farmers be given pause to whether they should spend that addi- with that capability today because many growers visualizing for Crop Year 2021? tional money. However, now we are seeing an elevat- decided against that protection. So that may leave Kveno: Bottom line profitability is perhaps always ed amount of beetle-feeding on corn ear tips, and you focusing on rootworm technologies within the number one. That starts with aggressive marseed industry today. keting. A few years ago when we had $5 to $7 EPA now mandates all rootworm technologies corn, a few cents when you sell didn’t matter so are ‘pyramid stacked’ which means there is no much. Not so today, however. Now even a few single mode of action. However ‘trait stacks’ on cents can make or break a farming operation Brevant hybrids prolong the efficacy of the rootgoing into the new year. worm protection. Number two? A firm cropping plan which My advice: always protect your investment includes a trusted crop advisor: your local with proper seed choices. Here in southern retailer, or a crop consultant. Minnesota we too often see corn tipping over Number three would be implementing that because of overly aggressive winds. And that plan with your local provider doing agronomic happens more easily if you have rootless corn inputs of fertilizer, necessary fungicides and because of corn rootworms. seed selections with appropriate trait technoloThe Land: So should I even question purgies and high-yielding genetics. chasing trait-free hybrids and low cost seed? And number four would be proper equipment. Kveno: Every situation needs to be evaluated I believe the importance of how and where to separately. Today, many of our customers now place each seed and all other inputs has now perform at high management levels which come to a peak. might include soil-applied insecticides and close The Land: We read and hear good yields Photo by Dick Hagen monitoring of the corn fields for corn borer begin with good roots. But as we witnessed What happens if there is some residue herbicide solution in infestations. In that situation, gambling on a today at this show plot event, there is so much spray tanks of commercial field spraying rigs? That concern has non-treated corn might be a financial advanprompted many harsh tongues from neighbors in recent times, more. Please explain. tage. If their fields don’t have a corn borer history, they may gamble and win. However, in my Kveno: What you saw today are new Brevant despite the extreme care of commercial crop sprayers. travels across southern Minnesota the past Two Brevant soybean test plots adjacent to U.S. Highway 71, corn and soybean varieties available for 2021. couple of years, I’m seeing a ramping-up of corn south Olivia, showcase the results of inadequate tank cleaning. You’ve heard the line, ‘Today’s hybrids start with 500-bushel potentials right out of the bag.’ “What you see here is a susceptible variety, Liberty Link, which rootworm beetle activity. I firmly believe we should be protecting that investment — espeYes, that’s doable and a few have succeeded. is not tolerant to either Dicamba or 2,4-D,” explained Seth cially with the today’s seed costs. But that reality includes a host of additional Kveno of Brevant Seeds. “And you see no damage to the soypractices starting with superior genetics, prop- beans — no stunting and no symptomology that would be indicThe Land: This spring, virtually all corn was er seed placement in well-drained soils, then ative of 2,4-D damage. But look at the row below my left arm: April planted; lots of soybeans too. So you see protecting your investment with insecticides damage without proper clean out of nozzles, filters and pumps the same thing next year if weather permits? prior to loading your crop spraying chemicals if not planting herand perhaps rootworm technologies too. Kveno: It seems my answer should be, ‘why bicide-tolerant soybeans.” However, this all hinges on being a good stewnot?’ But it really boils down to each operation Stunted soybeans were RR2 sprayed with a 0.5 percent spray having the right investment in equipment, field ard of your crop … watching it closely throughout the growing season to identify any potential solution of Engenia at 12.8 fluid ounces, post-emergence. This drainage and appropriate genetics. Seedling issues, and correcting as needed. Gone are the is equivalent of five gallons of spray solution left in a 1,000-galvigor and early emergence are always part of days when you could plant, spray with Roundup, lon tank. our vetting processes. However, increased perBrevant’s Enlist E3 soybeans can be sprayed with Enlist herbithen head to the lake for a few days of fishing formance in other areas is critical too. However, and loafing. We keep uncorking new manage- cides, glyphosate and glufosanate. Specifics: Near zero volatilas we’ve all witnessed, today’s hybrids can betment issues and new ideas on how to maximize ity: up to 96 percent less volatile and 2,4-D ester; combines with ter handle a few days of colder, wet soil condiproduction. Yes, ‘crop smarts’ is a never-ending low-drift nozzles for a 90 percent reduction in physical drift com- tions too. challenge; and hopefully linked to never-ending pared with traditional 2,4-D. See KVENO, pg. 20


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MULTIPLE SOAs: THE BEST WEED CONTROL OPTION The easiest weeds to control are those that never emerge. Cliché? Maybe. But as weeds continue to adapt, mounting resistance to herbicides builds every year. Sustainable control has become increasingly more challenging to achieve. The over-reliance of a single site of action (SOA) continues to provide new challenges for weed control in soybeans with each growing season. XtendFlex® soybeans will help farmers focus on the basics of a sound weed management system — multiple SOAs and overlapping residuals, all without having to compromise performance and yield. Sustainable weed control is only possible through the incorporation of a herbicide program that utilizes multiple effective SOAs. Beck’s multi-year Practical Farm Research (PFR)® data has demonstrated the impact and importance of utilizing a pre-emerge program with multiple SOAs (Figure 1).

ADVANTAGES OF THE XTENDFLEX ® SYSTEM XtendFlex soybeans feature the benefits of the Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System with the addition of tolerance to glufosinate. This allows access to multiple effective herbicides to manage each of your fields’ unique weed challenges. Beck’s PFR studies on the effectiveness of combining glufosinate and glyphosate show they are a powerful tool against tough-to-control waterhemp. POWER IN THE PRE™: Controlling weeds early with a pre-emergence application not only reduces the likelihood of developing resistance, but it also

protects soybean yields. The over-reliance on POST programs to control early-emerging weeds is unlikely to provide results and could cause yield losses of up to 2.5% for every growth stage you delay your applications. Put the Power in the Pre™ and let your pre-emergence applications do the heavy lifting. Post-emergence applications can then be used as rescue treatments for weed escapes. POWER OF MULTIPLE SOAs: In-season, Liberty® will provide effective post-emergence control of weeds such as waterhemp, kochia, and giant ragweed. XtendFlex soybeans provide postemergence tolerance to multiple SOAs to control resistant broadleaf weeds. Now farmers can confidently pursue higher yields by making earlyseason herbicide applications and maintain the option of spraying Liberty over-the-top once crops have emerged. POWER OF HIGHYIELDING GERMPLASM: Backed by uncompromising yield potential and outstanding agronomic performance in all maturities, XtendFlex® soybeans are built on the same proven genetic performance of highyielding Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® soybeans, now with the power of Liberty herbicide. While weed control continues to provide new challenges with each growing season, you will have the option to bring the power to your soybean platform in 2021 with XtendFlex soybeans. The EPA is currently reviewing a new registration for XtendiMax® for the 2021 season and beyond.

*No dicamba may be used in-crop with seed in the Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System, unless and until approved or specifically permitted by the U.S. EPA and the appropriate state agency for such use. As of August 2020, no dicamba formulations are currently registered by the U.S. EPA for in-crop use with seed in the Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System in the 2021 season. Current stocks of low-volatility dicamba herbicides XtendiMax® herbicide, Engenia® herbicide and FeXapan® herbicide previously approved for in-crop use with seed in the Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System may not be used after July 31, 2020. Dicamba may harm crops that are not tolerant to dicamba. Contact the U.S. EPA and your state pesticide regulatory agency with any questions about the approval status of dicamba herbicides products for in-crop use with seed in the Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System. NOTICE: DO NOT APPLY ANY HERBICIDE TO SEED IN THE ROUNDUP READY® XTEND CROP SYSTEM UNLESS IT HAS A PRODUCT LABEL SPECIFICALLY AUTHORIZING THAT USE. TO USE A HERBICIDE IN ANY MANNER INCONSISTENT WITH ITS LABELING IS A VIOLATION OF FEDERAL LAW. REFER TO THE BAYER TECHNOLOGY USE GUIDE FOR DETAILS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON USING APPROVED ROUNDUP® BRANDED HERBICIDES ON SEED IN THE ROUNDUP READY® XTEND CROP SYSTEM.

FIGURE 1: INFLUENCE OF MULTIPLE SOAs ON WATERHEMP CONTROL (% VISUAL CONTROL) Number of SOAs (Pre-Emerge) Influence on Waterhemp Control from Beck’s Multi-Year Practical Farm Research (PFR) ® data.

97% 89%

60% 3 SOAs

2 SOAs



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Prices labored to show movement in holiday-shortened week This column was written for the marketforecast, but up 11.1 bushels from last ing week ending Sept. 11. year. Area harvested for grain was forecast at 83.5 million acres, down 1 percent Higher milk prices are — and will — from the previous forecast, but up 3 perfuel more milk output. The U.S. cent from a year ago. Department of Agriculture again raised its 2020 and 2021 milk production foreCorn used for ethanol was lowered 100 cast from last month’s estimate in the million bushels based on the continued latest World Agriculture Supply and slow recovery in motor gasoline demand Demand Estimates report issued Sept. as a result of Covid-19. Exports were MIELKE MARKET 11. The department cited higher expected raised 100 million bushels reflecting WEEKLY growth in milk per cow on both forecasts. reduced supplies in competitor countries. By Lee Mielke With supply falling more than use, corn 2020 production and marketings were ending stocks were lowered 253 million estimated at 222 and 221 billion bushels from last month. The corn pounds respectively, up 200 million price was raised 40 cents to $3.50 pounds on production from their per bushel. July estimate and up 300 million pounds on marketings. If realized, 2020 production would be up 3.6 U.S. soybean supply and use changes included lower billion pounds or 1.6 percent from 2019. beginning stocks, production and ending stocks. Lower beginning stocks reflect increases in exports 2021 production and marketings were estimated and crush for 2019-20, according to the WASDE. at 225.4 and 224.4 billion pounds respectively, up 100 million pounds on both. If realized, 2021 proThe Crop Production report shows soybean production would be up 3.4 billion pounds or 1.5 perduction at 4.31 billion bushels, down 3 percent from cent from 2020. last month’s forecast but up 21 percent from last year. Yields were expected to average a record high The 2020 fat basis import forecast was lowered, 51.9 bushels per harvested acre, down 1.4 bushels primarily on recent trade data and the expectation from the previous forecast but 4.5 bushels above of slower butterfat imports. The fat basis export 2019. Area harvested for beans was forecast at 83.0 forecast was raised on stronger global import million acres, unchanged from a month ago, but 11 demand for cheese, butter and whey products. The percent higher than 2019. skim-solids basis import forecast was unchanged from the previous month, while the export forecast Soybean and product prices were projected higher was raised on expectations of robust exports of non- for 2020-21. The U.S. season-average soybean price fat dry milk and whey products. Cheese, butter, and was forecast at $9.25 per bushel, up 90 cents from whey price forecasts were reduced from last month, last month. The soybean meal price was projected at but the forecast for nonfat dry milk was unchanged. $315 per short ton, up $25. The soybean oil price forecast was 32.0 cents per pound, up 2 cents. The Class III milk price forecast was reduced on lower cheese and whey price forecasts. Look for the Cotton production was forecast at 17.1 million 2020 Class III average to hit $17.25 per hundred480-pound bales, down 6 percent from last month’s weight . This would be down 15 cents from last estimate and 14 percent below a year ago. Yields month’s forecast and compares to a $16.96 average are expected to average a record 910 pounds per in 2019 and $14.61 in 2018. The 2021 average is harvested acre, down 28 pounds from last month’s projected at $16.00, down a dime from what was forecast but 87 pounds above 2019. Harvested area anticipated a month ago. The Class IV price forecast was reduced on the lower butter price. The Class IV is expected to average $13.40 per cwt., down 15 cents from last ST. PAUL — Minnesota livestock farmers and month’s estimate, and compares to a $16.30 average ranchers seeking to improve their livestock operation in 2019 and $14.23 in 2018. The 2021 Class IV averare encouraged to apply for the Agricultural Growth, age was projected at $13.60, down a nickel from a Research and Innovation (AGRI) Livestock month ago Investment Grant program. The Minnesota This month’s 2020-21 U.S. corn outlook is for Department of Agriculture anticipates awarding up reduced production, lower corn used for ethanol, to $789,000 using a competitive review process. larger exports, and smaller ending stocks, according The AGRI program’s Livestock Improvement to the WASDE. Grants encourage long-term industry development The Crop Production report shows U.S. corn outin Minnesota’s $7 billion livestock industry through put at 14.9 billion bushels, down 2 percent from last investment in facilities, infrastructure and equipmonth’s forecast but up 9 percent from 2019. ment. The program encourages new farmers and generational transitions in order to sustain the liveBased on conditions as of Sept. 1, yields are expected to average a record 178.5 bushels per har- stock industry in the state. vested acre, down 3.3 bushels from last month’s Applicants may apply for up to 10 percent of their


is forecast at 9.01 million acres, down 3 percent from the previous forecast and 22 percent below 2019. All cotton planted area totaled 12.1 million acres, down 1 percent from the August forecast and 12 percent below 2019. The latest Crop Progress report showed 97 percent of U.S. corn was in the dough stage as of the week ending Sept. 6. This is up from 87 percent a year ago and 3 percent ahead of the five-year average. Seventy-nine percent is dented, up from 51 percent a year ago and 8 percent ahead of the five-year average. Sixty-one percent was rated good to excellent, up from 55 percent a year ago. The report shows 20 percent of U.S. soybeans are dropping leaves, up from 7 percent a year ago and 4 percent ahead of the five-year average. Sixty-five percent were rated good to excellent, up from 55 percent a year ago. n Prices were mixed in the Labor Day holiday-shortened week. The Chicago Mercantile Exchange cheddar blocks marched to $2.1575 per pound on Sept. 9, slipped back, but rallied to a Sept. 11 close at $2.1650. This is up 4 cents on the week, but 4 cents below a year ago when they jumped almost 21 cents. The barrels got to $1.7150 on Sept. 8, but reversed the next day and finished Sept. 11 at $1.5950. This is down 10.5 cents on the week, 32.50 cents below a year ago, and 57 cents below the blocks, third highest spread ever, at the close of trading. Thirteen cars of block exchanged hands on the week and 19 of barrel. n Lots of eyes are on California where scorching high temperatures and wild fires have taken their toll on man and beast. We shall see if Golden State milk output may be impacted. Parts of Oregon and Washington State have also seen their share of fires, smoke and devastation. The glorious view of Mt. Baker from my home office was clouded in See MIELKE, pg. 18

Funds to update livestock operations project’s total cost. Grant awards can range in size from $400 to $25,000. Each livestock operation is eligible to receive a lifetime maximum of $50,000 from this grant program. To be eligible for reimbursement by this grant, you must be invoiced and pay for all project materials and services between Jan. 1, 2021 and Dec. 31, 2022. Proposals must be received no later than 4 p.m. on Nov. 4. Applications are available online at https://www. mda.state.mn.us/. This article was submitted by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture. v


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Fields see first frost, but weather forecast looks good

Andy Pulk — Wannaska, Minn. Sept. 10

“Still having dreary, damp, wet, weather.” The Land spoke with Andy Pulk on Sept. 10 as he reported that while the farm didn’t get a lot of rain in the last two weeks, it was just enough to keep everything Andy Pulk damp. That dampness delayed the completion of oat harvest. Pulk will finish that up today. “The quality is good; yield is less than average due to drowned out spots.” He will be having the oat straw customed baled. “We got a pretty good frost yesterday, every bean field I’ve seen up here is wilted. Everything was white in the county yesterday morning.” Unfortunately, because of that early frost, Pulk believes that could result in a 20 to 30 percent yield reduction in beans. The frost took the corn leaves off. Pulk took a test sample of his corn. “Test weight is poor, but better than what I expected. Vast majority of corn will sit until spring harvest.” Pulk may also chop some of the corn in October for feed. While the frost was definitely not welcome, Pulk is happy where he is sitting now in getting field work accomplished. “I feel we’re right on track workload wise.”

  



Compiled by KRISTIN KVENO – The Land Staff Writer

Colby Deters — Sauk Centre, Minn. Sept. 15

“We’re on the last day of corn silage today.” The Land spoke with Colby Deters on Sept. 15 as he reported he’s been harvesting corn silage for around 10 days with great results. “We’re putting up a lot of silage this year, the tonnage is good. We’re building up our inventory.” The weather cooperated most days as there was only one day that silage couldn’t be Colby Deters harvested due to rain. Once corn silage is done, Deters will focus on earlage, which he hopes to start later this week. He expects that earlage will take two to three days to complete. The forecast looks great to get the earlage done. “I think it’s supposed to be pretty nice. I think it’s supposed to cool off after today.” This fall has provided good conditions for harvest unlike the wet fall that Deters had to contend with last year. “We’re happy with where we’re at.” Deters is pleased that he hasn’t had to deal with a lot of breakdown issues this harvest season. This fall, so far, has been fairly smooth sailing when it comes to harvest and Deters hopes that will continue throughout the next few months.


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“We’re doing fine.” The Land spoke with Todd Wentzel on Sept. 11 as he reported a low of 29 degrees on Sept. 10. “It’s certainly not unheard of, but it’s early.” Todd Wentzel Wentzel believes that the majority of his soybeans are far enough along to not be that negatively affected by the frost. Black bean harvest was complete last week. “It went good. Gave them plenty of time to dry down. The crop is about average.” For Wentzel, it was a learning curve this year, but he hopes that he can plant black beans again next year. For the corn, it didn’t get cold enough, long enough to kill the crop. Wentzel has found some of the corn ears that are now black layered. He hopes to start bean harvest by Sept. 16. That’s a little earlier than average. Wentzel estimates that it will take two to three weeks to get the beans finished. Next week’s weather looks close to ideal for combining. “As soon as we get the last of the soybeans done, corn should be ready.” While things are going to get even busier at the farm with bean harvest about to start, fall is exactly what Wentzel loves about farming. “It’s everyone’s favorite time of year.”

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Featured Recipe from

“Recipes from

RICKY’S SAUSAGE & EGG BAKE Barb Wass North Mankato, MN

4 eggs, beaten ¾ tsp. dry mustard 2 ½ c. milk 1 can cream of mushroom soup ½ c. milk

Cubed sage & onion stuffing 1 c. Cheddar cheese, shredded 1 ½ c. Monterey Jack cheese, shredded 2 rolls Jimmy Dean sausage, 1 hot, 1 regular

Put enough cubed stuffing on the bottom of a greased 9x13 pan to cover. Cook and drain sausage. Layer sausage and cheeses over cubed stuffing. Mix together the beaten eggs, dry mustard and 2½ c. milk and pour over top. Cover and refrigerate overnight. Mix soup and ½ c. milk and pour over top before baking. Bake uncovered for 1½ hours at 300°. Let stand about 15 minutes before serving.

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Lunch box program keeps cheese production moving MIELKE, from pg. 16

higher and prompted manufacturers to ramp up cheese production. Some smoke this week from fires east of the processors say prices have been favormountains. able for export sales, while others Speaking of California, Western have put cheese into storage due to United Dairies featured a Hoards the difference between cash and Dairyman column from fourth genera- futures prices. Manufacturers say tion California dairy farmer Tyler demand has been strong for AmericanRibeiro, stating: “California is on fire type block cheese and they have had again, and the conversation of preven- no trouble selling supplies. tion is still being swept under the rug. Italian-type cheeses are also in good How in the world can you allow your demand. state to go up in flames every year so Dairy Market News adds, “Normally, dramatically that homes are turned to football season pizza sales might be a ash, cities are leveled, and lives are topic of discussion for this time of lost battling the never-ending blazes and still not face the facts? California year, but with some league competiis going through a man-made drought tions postponed, no fans in the stands, and with smaller gatherings encourthat is spewing more greenhouse aged, it may be a more subdued seagases in the air than cows have ever or will ever do. The kicker is that this son.” Frozen and delivery pizza sales have remained strong, however, and is all preventable.” cheese supplies are generally available “As the state allows itself kingship for both block and barrel. over all water rights and strips farmn ers of their rights to farm, California has the audacity to allow water that Butter inched up to $1.50 per pound was once used for agriculture to be on Sept. 8, but closed Sept. 11 at pumped into overcrowded cities and $1.48. This is 1.25 cents lower on the into the ocean to help meet the desires week and 74.25 cents below a year of environmental groups. These groups ago, on 42 CME sales. wish to place the importance of a natCream remained accessible for urally diminishing fish over the lives Midwestern churns following the holiof humans,” wrote Ribeiro. day-weekend; though some plant manMeanwhile, Midwestern cheesemak- agers were hesitant about taking on ers remain busy, reports Dairy Market more cream, says Dairy Market News. News, though spot milk trading was Bulk butter supplies are plentiful, as slower again this week as a number of well. Cream handlers say demand in cheesemakers are not seeking milk general, is lackluster, but some outside of what they have internally Midwestern butter plants being down or coming in via contract. Midwest for maintenance hadn’t helped in findcheese production has been quite busy ing homes for the cream. Production for most of the summer, says Dairy remains busy as Class IV producers Market News, and things do not look prepare for fall demand. Food service to change coming into the fall. orders have climbed to a more comfortable point. They are notably lower Most contacts report cheese loads than in previous years but have shown are “moving out the door,” as cheese market tones have benefited from the more life in recent weeks. Some butter producers suggest retail orders remain announcement of continued governmental lunch box programs. The large higher than previous years’ numbers but butter market tones remain gap between CME block and barrel prices remains an issue, warned Dairy “somewhat delicate of late,” says Dairy Market News. Market News, “but weekly average prices have resoundingly answered Western butter markets were flooded back following the precipitous drops in with cream at the beginning of the July and August.” Labor Day week, but processors were Western cheese output is also active. prepared, according to Dairy Market News. “Butter production is active Contacts feel that government purchases have spurred cash pit prices See MIELKE, pg. 21


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Grain Outlook Livestock Angles Corn market continues to ride Livestock markets overbought, high on interest from China short-term correction looming The following marketing billion estimate vs. 15.278 The overall trend in liveappreciation. Therefore, the analysis is for the week ending billion bushels last month. stock futures over the past short-term outlook is for corSept. 11. several months has been rective action with the longer On the usage side, feed higher since April. The recovterm outlook still indicating CORN — Traders returned usage and ethanol were each positive price appreciation. from the long Labor Day cut 100 million, and exports ery has been methodical and fairly persistent during this This would indicate a roller weekend with their buying were increased 100 million push to higher prices in all coaster outlook for the next shoes on! December corn pricbushels. Ending stocks were livestock contracts. It now few months in the cattle mares rallied to a new high for the down 253 million bushels ket. move and to its highest price from last month’s 2.756 bil- looks as if this recovery periJOE TEALE od is beginning to meet some PHYLLIS NYSTROM level since late March. It lion bushel forecast at 2.503 Lately the hog market has Broker CHS Hedging Inc. closed above the 200-day movbillion bushels. The average resistance as markets appear Great Plains Commodity been on rampage to higher St. Paul ing average resistance for the trade estimate was 2.433 mil- to be at levels where these levels as demand for pork has Afton, Minn. first time since August 2019 lion bushels. The average markets are technically overelevated the prices the packin the session just prior to the farm price was raised 40 bought. Therefore, some corers are willing to pay. This has brought rective type action maybe in the offing the lean index over the $60 cwt. for the September World Agricultural Supply cents per bushel to $3.50 per bushel. in the near future in all of these marand Demand Estimates report. World ending stocks for 2019-20 were kets. The good news is that the correc- first time in months. There continued to be talk of a small- 309.2 million metric tons vs. 311.3 mmt tive action is not likely to be very Another interesting event was the er corn crop and buying interest from last month and estimates for 310.8 severe and not long in duration at this fact that the lean index went from a China. There was only one fresh export mmt. For the 2020-21 crop year, ending time. premium to the futures to a discount in sale announcement during the week of stocks were 306.8 mmt vs. 310.6 mmt recent weeks. This would indicate that As far as the cattle market is con- a positive outlook by the trade is opti4 million bushels to unknown destina- estimated and 317.5 mmt last month. tions. Was the typhoon damage in These numbers were the friendliest of cerned, the recent rally appears to be mistic for future price appreciation. China worse than first thought? the corn figures. Brazil’s 2020-21 corn meeting some resistance as beef cutThe last segment of this rally has Managed money added to their recent- production was raised 3 mmt from last outs have been easing lower and the been extremely quick. This type of cash trade has slipped back to near the ly established net length leading into month to 110 mmt with exports up 1 action usually ends a move rather the monthly report. mmt to 39 mmt. Argentina’s corn pro- $100 per hundredweight level. Also, the abruptly. feeder market has fallen off during the The Sept. 11 WASDE report was duction was unchanged at 50 mmt with past several weeks as auctions have Short term, the market is overbought viewed as neutral with no major sur- exports unchanged at 34 mmt. A sur- seen prices dip since mid-August. and a corrective move is likely in the prising element in the report was prises. On the 2019-20 U.S. balance Weights have been on the rise which days ahead. However, the longer term sheet, exports were cut 30 million China’s imports were left at 7 mmt outlook would still be fairly positive bushels to 1.765 billion bushels and (275.6 million bushels) when we believe will increase the amount total beef pro- since the relationship between cattle food, seed and industrial was raised 5 they have already purchased 8.8 mmt duction which is likely to counter-bal- and hogs is still weighted toward the ance the supply to the demand which million bushels. This reduced ending (346.4 million bushels). would be another negative to price cattle. Eventually this disparity in stocks 25 million to 2.253 billion bush- See NYSTROM, pg. 20 price between hogs and cattle will corels. This was in-line with trade estirect sometime in the future. mates for 2.236 billion bushels. Another factor which is a bit worriOn the 2020-21 U.S. balance sheet, some is the amount of pork in cold storharvested acres were dropped 550,000 age. The next U.S. Department of corn/change* soybeans/change* acres (Iowa) and yield was slashed 3.3 Agriculture Cold Storage Report is due Stewartville $3.17 +.08 $9.35 +.35 bushels per acre to 178.5 bu./acre. The Sept. 24; and this could set the tone for Edgerton $3.13 +.12 $9.23 +.33 U.S. Department of Agriculture said price direction into the fall. v Jackson $3.19 +.11 $9.23 +.36 they will resurvey Iowa farmers for the October report since many were still Janesville $3.16 +.09 $9.30 +.37 determining what they will harvest. Cannon Falls $3.18 +.13 $9.40 +.34 This is still a record yield. Iowa’s corn Sleepy Eye $3.11 +.12 $9.21 +.36 yield went from 202 to 191 bu./acre, Average: $3.16 $9.29 Illinois from 207 to 203 bu./acre, and Minnesota from 197 to 200 bu./acre. Year Ago Average: $3.52 $8.10 The average trade estimate was 178.3 Grain prices are effective cash close on Sept. 15. bu./acre. Production of 14.9 billion bushels was also in line with the 14.877 *Cash grain price change represents a two-week period.

Cash Grain Markets

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Information in the above columns is the writer’s opinion. It is no way guaranteed and should not be interpreted as buy/sell advice. Futures trading always involves a certain degree of risk.


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Soybeans have rallied $1.34 per bushel since August NYSTROM, from pg. 19 Weekly exports were strong at 71.8 million bushels with China accounting for 49.6 million bushels of the total. Total commitments for this year are 742 million bushels, up 162 percent from last year. It’s estimated China has purchased 346.4 million bushels of U.S. corn for the 2020-21 marketing year. Weekly ethanol production was a six-week high at 941,000 barrels per day, up 19,000 bpd for the week. Ethanol stocks fell 889,000 barrels to 20 million barrels. Net margins declined a penny to 12 cents per gallon. The four-week average gasoline demand remains 10 percent behind a year ago. It seems likely Brazil will extend their zero-tariff quota on ethanol imports until after the November elections in the United States. This quota has been used exclusively for U.S. ethanol in the past. The Rosario Grain Exchange kept their Argentine corn production estimate for this coming year at 48 mmt. The USDA’s latest figure is 50 mmt. Conab put Brazil’s 2020-21 corn crop at 102.5 mmt vs. USDA at 110 mmt. Germany confirmed their first case of African swine fever in a wild boar. Germany is the EU’s largest producer of hogs/pork. South Korea immediately banned pork imports from Germany. Germany was urging China not to implement a full ban, but instead restrict imports on a regional basis. The situation

Trade will influence planted acres in 2021 KVENO, from pg. 14 The Land: So with a more favorable outlook brewing, should growers increase corn acres for 2021? Kveno: This depends upon geography. Looking at southern Minnesota counties such as Renville, Sibley and Blue Earth — which are blessed with good soils — market outlooks into this 2021 crop year will pretty much dictate crop acres of both corn and soybeans. But how the political landscape looks after November elections may also influence famers’ thinking. I’m talking specifically foreign trade actions. If farmers see some positives in this unpredictable future, I could see some shifting back towards a twothirds corn, one-third soybean schedule for 2021. v

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MARKETING prompted a limit up day in U.S. hog futures. Outlook: For the week, December corn rallied 10.5 cents to $3.68.5 with a weekly high of $3.69.5 per bushel. The July 2021 contract was 8.75 cents higher at $3.88 and December 2021 increased 5.5 cents to settle at $3.89.75 per bushel. Harvest is just around the corner and the coming week’s weather should be conducive for pushing the crop to maturity. Funds have moved recently to a net long position, which is unusual for this time of year. However, demand is strong, and growers have been tight holders — even at these price levels. I would expect we should see a nominal pullback once combines hit the field and we get a better idea of yields. Consider protecting your downside if you have bushels that need to move at harvest. SOYBEANS — November soybeans ran their streak of higher closes to 12 before breaking it in the session prior to the WASDE report. On report day, the new crop contract ran to its highest level since May 2018. November soybeans as of Sept. 11 closed higher in 13 of the previous 14 sessions. The USDA announced fresh soybean sales to China and/or unknown every day of the holiday-shortened trading week. It’s now estimated China has purchased 584 million bushels of 2020-21 U.S. soybeans, and chatter is they are still inquiring for bushels through possibly February. Last year at this time, China had only bought 40.4 million bushels of U.S. soybeans for the 2019-20 crop year. The WASDE report was viewed as neutral for soybeans, but that didn’t stop the November contract from surging to a high of $9.98. This just missed the psychological $10 level and the $10.05 contract high. On the 2019-20 U.S. balance sheet, crush was raised 10 million bushels and exports were increased 30 million bushels to 1.68 billion bushels. Ending stocks were 40 million bushels lower than last month at 575 million bushels. The trade estimate was 603 million bushels. On the 2020-21 balance sheet, bumped the yield 1.4 bu./acre lower to 51.9 bu./acre — still a record. This was close to the trade expectation of 51.6 bu./acre. Iowa’s yield fell from 58 to 54 bu./acre, Illinois from 64 to 62 bu./acre, and Minnesota from 51 to 52 bu./ acre. Production of 4.3 billion bushels was 112 million lower than last month’s 4.425-billion-bushel estimate. The refreshed number was slightly above the 4.276 billion bushel trade expectation. Usage categories were unchanged. Ending stocks of 460 million bushels compared to estimates for 455 million and last month’s 610-million-bushel outlook. The average farm price was jumped 90 cents from last month to $9.25 per bushel.  World ending stocks for 2020-21 were 93.6 mmt vs. 93.5 mmt estimated and 95.4 mmt last month. Brazil’s 2020-21 soybean crop was increased 2 mmt

to 133 mmt with exports up 1 mmt to 85 mmt. Argentina’s soybean crop was left alone at 53.5 mmt with exports at 7.5 mmt. China’s soybean imports were unchanged at 99 mmt or 3.64 billion bushels. The Climate Prediction Center put the odds at 75 percent that La Niña will continue through the northern hemisphere winter. This usually means drier conditions across Argentina and just northeastern Brazil. For the United States, it suggests heat and drought across the west, hurricanes in the Atlantic, colder winter for the northern United States. If it lasts into the spring, it could mean a below-trend U.S. winter wheat yield. Conab raised this year’s (already harvested) Brazilian bean crop from 120.9 mmt to 124.8 mmt. USDA is at 126 mmt. Conab’s president said Brazil should look at least temporarily halting import tariffs on beans and corn due to high domestic prices and low supplies. The tariff is currently 8 percent on imports outside Mercosur. AgRural put Brazil’s 202021 bean crop at 131.3 mmt up from their August 129.3 mmt estimate. They also estimate Brazilian farmers have sold an impressive 48 percent of the soybean crop they have yet to plant, plus 2.2 percent of the 2021-22 soybean crop!  The Rosario Grain Exchange is estimating next year’s Argentine soybean crop at 50 mmt with acreage up 0.6 percent to 42.7 million acres. USDA is at 53.5 mmt.  Weekly export sales were larger than expected at 116.2 million bushels with 58.5 million bushels to China. Total commitments for the 2020-21 crop year are 1.098 billion bushels already, with the year just beginning. This is 216 percent higher than where we started the 2019-20 marketing year.  Outlook: November soybeans surged 28 cents higher for the week to close at $9.96 and topping out at $9.98 per bushel. The July contract jumped 16.75 cents to $9.94.75 and November 2021 only managed at 1.25 cent gain to $9.51.5 per bushel. November soybeans have rallied over $1.32.75 per bushel from the August $8.65.25 low to this week’s $9.98 high. Excellent demand from China and limited grower selling have been the drivers of the futures and basis rally. Whether this can last into harvest is unknown, but funds have continued to build their net long position. Focus will begin to turn our harvest progress and South American planting weather. Dryness may be a concern in Argentina and Brazil, but they still have about a month before planting begins. How deep China’s demand is will be watched carefully — especially if South American weather does not pose a problem. Watch for pullbacks as the market absorbs any new selling or lack thereof. Nystrom’s Notes: Contract changes for the week as of the close on Sept. 11: Chicago December wheat fell 8.25 cents to $5.42, Kansas City was 1.25 cents lower at $4.71.25, and Minneapolis dropped 10.25 cents to $5.32.25 per bushel. World wheat ending stocks were reported at a record 319.4 mmt for the 2020-21 crop year. v


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Dairy demand continues its roller coaster ways; data is ‘mixed’ MIELKE, from pg. 18 even though cream supplies are almost back to preholiday levels. Butter inventories have grown a bit. Domestic sales remain stable. Current lower U.S. prices could stimulate more international sales, but current export demand is unchanged. USDA issued a request to purchase 2.6 million pounds of butter on Sept. 3, with a planned delivery between January and April of next year,“ but “Covid-19 and its repercussions on consumers’ behaviors and lifestyles are keeping the butter market unsettled.” Grade A nonfat dry milk had a good week, climbing to $1.0425 on Sept. 9, though it closed two days later at $1.04. This is a penny higher on the week, but 1.5 cents below a year ago, with 28 carloads exchanging hands on the week at the CME. CME dry whey saw little change, closing Sept. 11 at 35.50 cents per pound. This is up 2.25 cents on the week, but 4.25 cents below a year ago, on six sales for the week. U.S. dairy cow slaughter totaled 54,100 in the week ending Aug. 29, down 500 head from the previous week, and 7,600 or 12.3 percent below that week a year ago. n Dairy demand remains “extremely volatile,” according to Matt Gould, analyst and editor of the

Dairy and Food Market Analyst newsletter. Speaking in the Sept. 14 Dairy Radio Now broadcast, Gould said demand collapsed in April and we were dumping milk. The latest data is “mixed,” he said, as restaurants reopened and people flocked to retail stores, but that has slowed. June commercial cheese disappearance was up 6.3 percent from June 2019, but that fell to 3.2 percent in July. Butter demand was up 15 percent in June, but dipped in July, down 5.1 percent. Gould said, “We’re still seeing big gyrations in demand and trends are moving kind of quickly.” Deeper analysis shows we still have strong growth at retail, he said, but foodservice is particularly weak due to the restaurant shutdowns. “Add in government purchase programs (and there have been several) and that’s how you end up with a total cheese demand number that’s well above a year ago.” Per capita dairy product consumption in 2019 was up 7 pounds or 1 percent from 2018, according to USDA. Gould said that’s important because dairy consumption is rising. The media points to declining fluid milk sales, he said, but that is not declining dairy sales. While we are consuming less fluid milk, we are eating more cheese and butter and those are bright growth spots for the dairy industry. Gould also talked about processor supply management programs which were implemented months

ago on milk and said they account for more than 15 percent of the U.S. milk supply. The milk overwhelmed processors, he said, and while the programs were relaxed in second quarter, they’re being looked at again in third quarter due to concern over incoming milk volumes. n In politics, Wisconsin-based American Dairy Coalition praised legislation spearheaded by Rep. Mike Gallagher (R-Wis.) which calls on the USDA and Department of Health and Human Services to remove current caps on saturated fat and allow schoolchildren and others the opportunity to drink whole milk and other full-fat dairy products at school. “The current proposed 2020-25 Draft Dietary Guidelines for Americans are once again not allowing full-fat dairy products into schools,” says the ADC, and a bipartisan group of Wisconsin legislators are asking USDA and HHS to “address concerns that the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee failed to consider a massive body of recent peer-reviewed research showing that longstanding caps on saturated fats are no longer supported by science.” Lee Mielke is a syndicated columnist who resides in Everson, Wash. His weekly column is featured in newspapers across the country and he may be reached at lkmielke@juno.com. v

As corn harvest nears, use this method to calculate yield The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Minnesota Crop Progress and Condition report for the week ending Aug. 28 stated corn had reached the dough stage or beyond on 97 percent of the acres. This figure is well ahead of last year and nine days ahead of the five-year average. Corn acreage was 63 percent at or beyond the dent stage, 16 days ahead of last year and five days ahead of average. Corn condition rated 52 percent good and 27 percent excellent. Soybeans were 25 percent turning color, 10 days ahead of last year and three days above average. Scattered accounts of soybeans dropping leaves were reported. Soybean condition dropped to 80 percent good to excellent, tying the lowest rating this year. During the month of September, the vast majority of the corn crop will reach the dent stage (R5 stage). The kernel moisture declines to approximately 55 percent as the starch content increases at this stage. The milk line on a corn kernel progresses from the top of the kernel (early dent) to the bottom (late dent). The next growth stage is R6 or physiological maturity when all kernels on the ear have attained their dry matter maximum accumulation. Eventually a black abscission layer forms indicating that moisture and nutrient transport from the plant has ceased. The black layer forms on kernels beginning at the ear tip and progressing to the butt. Once physiological maturity (R6-black layer which ranges from 30 to

35 percent moisture) is achieved, it is a physical process to dry the grain down to a harvest moisture between 20 and 25 percent moisture. Corn generally reaches maturity (black layer) at 55 to 60 days after tassels emerge. Stress to corn from dry conditions between now and maturity can reduce kernel weight, accelerate the arrival of maturity and dry-down of grain, and reduce stalk strength. Many growers this year anticipate Oct. 1 as a target date for corn grain harvest given a week one way or the other — depending on weather and hybrid maturity. Grain drydown until then is dependent on hybrid and air variables. Air variables include air temperature, relative humidity and air movement while hybrid variables include ear orientation, tightness and length of husks and kernel hardness. Sunny days dry corn faster than cloudy days, even if the heat units are the same. To drop one percent moisture: 30 growing degree units for grain which is at 25-30 percent; and 45 growing degree units for grain at 20-25 percent. Growing degree day accumulation for corn planted around May 1 at the Waseca Research and Outreach Center was 2280 as of Aug. 31. Yield can be estimated prior to harvest using the following procedure. It should be noted more accurate yield estimation requires multiple samples from representative locations throughout a field. Step off the length of a row equal to 1/1000th of an

acre (17 feet, 5 inches in 30-inch rows; or 23 feet, 9 inches in 22-inch rows) and count the number of harvestable ears in that length of row. Husk every fifth ear (only husk representative ears), and count the number of rows per ear (always an even number) and the approximate number of kernels per row. Calculate the average number of rows per ear and kernels per row from the husked ears. Estimate the number of kernels per ear by multiplying the average number of rows by the average number of kernels per row. Multiply kernels per ear by the number of harvestable ears in 1/1000th of an acre to estimate the number of kernels per acre. Divide the number of kernels per acre by 90 (assuming 90,000 kernels per bushel) to get bushels per acre. To be even more conservative and assume poorer grain fill, divide by a larger number such as 95. If you think grain fill has been exceptional and that kernels are larger than normal, consider dividing by a lower number such as 85. Repeat the procedure throughout the field as many times as you deem representative. This article was submitted by Dave Nicolai, Extension Educator, Crops, and Terry Salmela, University of Minnesota Extension. v


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Farm Equipment

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Grand Meadow, MN • www.lrmrealestate.com 428279-1 507-754-5815 • 800-658-2340


Steffes Auction Calendar 2020 For more info, call: 1-800-726-8609 or visit our website: SteffesGroup.com

Opening September 15 & Closing September 22 Scott Lankow Farm Retirement Auction, Foxhome, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening September 15 & Closing September 22 at 7PM Eric Larson Farm Auction, Ostego, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening September 17 & Closing September 24 at 12PM Absolute McKenzie County, ND Land Auction - 80± Acres, Watford City, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening September 18 & Closing September 22 at 12:30PM Online Hay Auction Quality Tested - Ring 2, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening September 18 & Closing September 23 Online Steffes Auction - 9/23, Upper Midwest Locations, Timed Online Auction Opening September 18 & Closing September 29 at 1PM Lender Owned Stearns County, MN Real Estate Auction,Paynesville, MN, Timed Online Auction Saturday, September 19 at 10AM Shorty Johnson Estate Auction, McKenzie County Fairgrounds, Watford City, ND Opening September 21 & Closing September 29 at 7PM Lender Owned Restaurant Equipment Auction, Paynesville, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening September 21 & Closing September 30 at 7PM J&N Application Online Retirement Auction, Loomis, NE, Timed Online Auction Tuesday, September 22, 12PM Live Hay Auction Quality Tested - Ring 1, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield MN Opening September 22 & Closing September 24 at 2PM Absolute Sargent County, ND Grain Facility Auction, Crete, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening September 22 & Closing September 29 at 2PM Stationary Engine Timed Online Auction, West Fargo, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening September 23 & Closing October 2 Warren Medina Estate Auction, Sauk Rapids, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening September 24 & Closing October 1 Roy Laznicka Estate Auction, Warroad, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening September 25 & Closing September 29 Sinner Bros. & Bresnahan Inventory Reduction Auction, Casselton, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening September 25 & Closing September 30 Beryl Froemke Estate Auction, Enderlin, ND, Timed Estate Auction Opening September 25 & Closing October 2 at 11AM Frederick L. Elbert Estate Farm Equipment Auction, Hills, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening September 30 at 8AM & Closing September 30 at 12PM Norman County, MN Land Auction - 389± Acres, Borup, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening October 2 & Closing October 10/7 Online SteffesAuction-10/7, Upper Midwest Locations, Timed Online Auction Saturday, October 3 at 10AM Dan Baker Estate Auction, Watford City, ND Opening October 5 & Closing October 13 at 1 PM Grant County, WI Land Auction - 200± Acres, Five Points Road, Lancaster, WI, Timed Online Auction Opening October 5 & Closing October 15 at 1 PM Meeker County, MN Lakeshore Auction - 2± Acres, Dassel, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening October 7 & Closing October 15 NBT Enterprise (Nickleback) Retirement Auction, Watford City, ND, Timed Online Auction

PAGE 24 Farm Equipment We buy Salvage Equipment Parts Available Hammell Equip., Inc. (507)867-4910


with a classified line ad! Call us today 507-345-4523 or 800-657-4665

www.thelandonline.com —”Where Farm and Family Meet”




Tillage Equip

Tillage Equip

Harvesting Equip

Farmall 450, gas, fast hitch, NEW AND USED TRACTOR 1998 Maurer 38 Ft x 8 1/2 Ft FOR SALE: Alloway 20 stalk 1979 John Deere diesel 4400 NF, P/S, $2,800; Farmall PARTS JD 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, Gooseneck Flat Bed Trail- chopper, field ready, hood combine with chopper and B, $1,200; Farmall 200, 55, 50 Series & newer trac- er w/ Ramps Heavy Duty liner welded in, very good spreader. Good engine. fast hitch, wide front, new tors, AC-all models, Large (20,000# Load). Great Plains condition, knives replaced as Good combine. 4,100 hours. paint,$2,800. Silver Lake Call Inventory, We ship! Mark #5109 9 Shank Turbo-Chis- needed, $5,900. 507-621-0191 $2,250. 507-653-4340 Heitman Tractor Salvage el w/ Leveler. Both A-One 320-327-2507 or 320-583-7062 FOR SALE: Salfers I4100 se1990 Case-IH 1660 Combine 715-673-4829 Cond. Retiring. 319-347-6282 ries vertical till 24’ machine, Cummins engine, reverser, PLANNING SALE: 24’ Wil-Rich field $29,000. 320-266-1299 rock trap, straw chopper, Classified Line Ads FOR AN AUCTION? cultivator, 12’ base unit w/ 6’ spreader, standard rotor, Get the best results when wings, has 6” sweeps, 2 bar 24.5x32 drives, 14.9x24 steeryou advertise in The Land Planting Equip harrow leveler, $800/OBO. ing tires, electric fuel pump, 507-345-4523 Call 507-345-4523 651-354-5737 Evenings radio, heat, a/c, buddy seat, Ag Leader Edge Yield monJD 7000 Corn Planter, 2 Row FOR SALE: Case IH 530C ripitor with GPS, very good per, like new, $34,000. 320- 3PT $1,800; Fert. Avail. $350/ condition on low acres. HenRow. 715-234-1993 249-8556 derson, MN. $16,500 OBO (or best offer) (507) 327-5342


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INVESTIGATE BEFORE YOU INVEST! Midwest Free Community Paper Association does not knowingly accept fraudulent or deceptive advertising. Readers are cautioned to thoroughly investigate all classifieds and other ads which require an investment. (MCN) Construction Equipment, Truck and Trailer Auction. Hundreds of items! Online bidding starts at $1. Bidding ends September 21. Bid now at pikeauctions.com. Pike Auctions - Princeton, MN. (MCN) DONATE YOUR CAR TO CHARITY. Receive maximum value of write off for your taxes. Running or not! All conditions accepted. Free pickup. Call for details. 855-752-6680 (MCN) DONATE YOUR CAR, TRUCK TO HERITAGE FOR THE BLIND. Free 3 Day Vacation, Tax Deductible, Free Towing, All Paperwork Taken Care Of. CALL 1-855-977-7030 (MCN) CASH FOR CARS: We Buy Any Condition Vehicle, 2002 and Newer. Competitive Offer! Nationwide FREE Pick Up! Call Now For a Free Quote! 888-3665659(MCN) BEST SATELLITE TV with 2 Year Price Guarantee! $59.99/mo with 190 channels and 3 months free premium movie channels! Free next day installation! Call 855-824-1258. (MCN) DISH TV $59.99 For 190 Channels + $14.95 High Speed Internet. Free Installation, Smart HD DVR Included, Free Voice Remote. Some restrictions apply. 1-844-316-8876. (MCN)

Earthlink High Speed Internet. As Low As $14.95/month (for the first 3 months.) Reliable High Speed. Fiber Optic Technology. Stream Videos, Music and More! Call Earthlink Today 1-855-6797096 (MCN) High-Speed Internet. We instantly compare speed, pricing, availability to find the best service for your needs. Starting at $39.99/ month! Quickly compare offers from top providers. Call 1-855399-9295 (MCN) The COVID crisis has cost us all something. Many have lost jobs and financial security. Have $10K In Debt? Credit Cards. Medical Bills. Car Loans. Call NATIONAL DEBT RELIEF! We can help! Get a FREE debt relief quote: Call 1-866-552-0649. (MCN) Stay in your home longer with an American Standard Walk-In Bathtub. Receive up to $1,500 off, including a free toilet, and a lifetime warranty on the tub and installation! Call us at 1-855-372-3080 or visit www. walkintubquote.com/midwest (MCN) BATHROOM RENOVATIONS. EASY, ONE DAY updates! We specialize in safe bathing. Grab bars, no slip flooring & seated showers. Call for a free in-home consultation: 855-836-2250 (MCN) Portable Oxygen Concentrator May Be Covered by Medicare! Reclaim independence and mobility with the compact design and long-lasting battery of Inogen One. Free information kit! Call 844-716-2411. (MCN)

DENTAL INSURANCE from Physicians Mutual Insurance Company. Coverage for 350 plus procedures. Real dental insurance - NOT just a discount plan. Do not wait! Call now! Get your FREE Dental Information Kit with all the details! 1-855-973-9175 www. dental50plus.com/midwest #6258. (MCN) NEW AUTHORS WANTED! Page Publishing will help you self-publish your own book. FREE author submission kit! Limited offer! Why wait? Call now: 855623-8796 (MCN)


We pay top dollar for your damaged grain. We are experienced handlers of your wet, dry, burnt and mixed grains. Trucks and vacs available. Immediate response anywhere. CALL FOR A QUOTE TODAY


Become a published author! Publications sold at all major secular & specialty Christian bookstores. CALL Christian Faith Publishing for your FREE author submission kit. 1-888-981-5761. (MCN)

1-800-828-6642 If you’re having a Farm Auction, let other Farmers know it!

Eliminate gutter cleaning forever! LeafFilter, the most advanced debris-blocking gutter protection. Schedule a FREE LeafFilter estimate today. 15% off Entire Purchase. 10% Senior & Military Discounts. Call 1-855577-1268. Promo Code 285. (MCN) Need some cash! Sell us your unwanted gold, jewelry, watches & diamonds. Call GOLD GEEK 1-866-274-7898 or visit www. GetGoldGeek.com/midwest BBB A Plus Rated. Request your 100 Percent FREE, no risk, no strings attached appraisal kit. Call today! (MCN)

Upcoming Issues of THE LAND Southern MNNorthern IA October 2, 2020 October 16, 2020 October 30, 2020 October 13, 2020


Northern MN September 25, 2020 October 9, 2020 October 23, 2020 November 6, 2020 November 20, 2020

Deadline is 8 days prior to publication. Indicates early deadline, 9 days prior to publication.

PO Box 3169 • Mankato, MN 56002 Phone: 507-345-4523 or 800-657-4665 Fax: 507-345-1027 Website: www.TheLandOnline.com e-mail: theland@TheLandOnline.com Ask Your Auctioneer to Place Your Auction in The Land!

FOR SALE: Harvesting Massey 550 combine with 1144 cornhead, low hours, AC, gear drive, diesel, $4,000. Case IH stalk chopper #50, good condition, $3,000. Feterl 10X66 auger, hydraulic winch, good condition, $2,800. Parker 2000 gravity boxes, 300 bushel, $1,600-$2,000. Retiring. Young America, MN (952) 412-7731 FOR SALE: IH 1460 combine, 3400 hrs, chopper, 24.5x32 tires and 16.5x16 tires, IH 820 20’ bean head, both in very good condition, $14,500. 2016 Maxum 150 tractor, FWA, 400 hrs. 612-875-6195 FOR SALE: 1998 Case IH 2388 combine, 2885 separator hours, excellent condition, had yearly inspection at Titan Machinery, $45,000/OBO. Call 507-828-3743 FOR SALE: 2011 JD 612C 12 row cornhead, 1H0612 CXED SN#0740587, used total 5 yrs, 2500 acres, $20,000; JD combine, 2014, S670, ID# 1H0567 SKDO 757310. 651-764-1780 FOR SALE: 4420 JD combine w/ 12’ bean head, exc cond, field ready. Kobar 20’ steel drag on wheels, field ready, exc cond, $750. 320-252-0674 Leave message. FOR SALE: 2011 Capello 1222 chopping cornhead, hyd deck plates, head sight, IH wide feeder house, $22,000. 507-644-3244 FOR SALE: Alloway 20 stalk chopper, field ready, hood liner welded in, very good condition, knives replaced as needed, $5,900. 507-621-0191

“Where Farm and Family Meet” THE LAND...since 1976


400FOR SALE: JD 6600 combine and w/ chopper, gas, 4480 hours, ine. good condition, $1,200. 507urs. 854-3528

FOR SALE: John Deere cornbine head, #553, five row, $1,500. ser, Phone 507-227-1103. Leave per, message tor, eer-JD 9500 combine, well mainmp, tained, nice appearance, eat, $18,900. JD 920, 920F, grain on- heads. Both nice shape, ood $8,500/choice. 815-988-2074 en(or

Grain Handling Equipment

ng Corn dryer, FarmFan modith el 320J, CFAB, $6,250/OBO. rs, Wet corn holding tank, cone el, bottom, 1200 bu, on wheels, alk $650/OBO; 8”x61’ Westfield di- PTO straight auger, like 66 new, $3,200/OBO; 8”x71’ ch, Cheyenne PTO straight au00. ger, older, $750/OBO. 651es, 503-5087 Retiring. 00. ca, FOR SALE: AB-12B Farm Fan dryer, single phase, works very well, dried 50,000 ine, bu last fall, asking $3,900. x32 Please call 507-236-4010 820 ery 2016 WA,

12 ED yrs, om567 0



AUCTIONEER’S NOTE: Norman is retiring from the manure application business. Steffes Group is proud to offer his excellent line of equipment. All items field ready and most purchased new.

LAGOON CRAWLER 2017 Nuhn 268 lagoon crawler, 482 hrs. LIQUID MANURE SPREADER 2014 Nuhn Quad Train FRAC TANK 2013 Nuhn 113 frac tank, 20,000 gal. AGITATORS 2012 Nuhn 169 lagoon pump agitator, 58’x8” 2010 Nuhn lagoon pump agitator, 60’x8”

PUMPS 2013 Nuhn 170 vertical pit pump, 9’x8” Booster pump TRAILERS 1984 VIM tri-axle semi tanker trailer, 46’ 1980 Fruehauf F2-ETE-9200 double conical semi tanker trailer, 43’ 1975 Trailmobile double conical semi tanker trailer, 41’ 1972 Heil semi tanker trailer, 39’

alk ood ood d as 191

Friday September 25th @ 10:00 AM

From Cokato: Take Co Rd 3 South then East on 30 From Howard Lake: Take Hwy 12 West then South on Co Rd 5, West on 30


24400 MN Hwy 22 South, Litchfield, MN 55355 | 320.693.9371 J & N APPLICATION | NORM ISAACSON OR JON ISAACSON

Norm 308.991.0562 or Jon 308.991.6894

or Randy Kath at Steffes Group, 320.693.9371 or 701.429.8894 Complete terms, lot listings and photos at SteffesGroup.com / Randy Kath MN47-007

319 41st St., HILLS, MN


PREVIEW: By appointment from 10AM – 4PM on September 21-25 and September 28-29. Contact Rex LOADOUT: By appointment only from 10AM – 4PM on October 5-8, unless other arrangements are made. Contact Rex

INCLUDES: Tractors, Harvest Equipment, GPS Equipment, Grain Cart & Gravity Wagons, Drill, Planters, Tillage Equipment, Sprayers & NH3 Equipment, Semi Tractor & Box Trucks, Hopper Bottom & Other Trailers, Grain Handling Equipment, Forage, Hay & Livestock Equipment, Tanks & Farm Support Items


Steffes Group, Inc., 2000 Main Ave E, West Fargo, ND 58078 | 701.237.9173

FREDERICK L. ELBERT ESTATE Dolores Elbert PR | Dennis Shelton, 605.471.9706 or contact Rex Dummer at Steffes Group, 605.610.7989

ADVERTISING NOTICE: Please check your ad the first week it runs. We make every effort to avoid errors by checking all copy, but sometimes errors are missed. Therefore, we ask that you review your ad for correctness. If you find a mistake, please call (507) 345-4523 immediately so that the error can be corrected. We regret that we cannot be responsible for more than one week’s insertion if the error is not called to our attention. We cannot be liable for an amount greater than the cost of the ad. THE LAND has the right to edit, reject or properly classify any ad. Each classified line ad is separately copyrighted to THE LAND. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

Dennis & Adele Mahlstedt

bine nd, teel ady, 0674

12hyd IH 000.



1982 Hillsboro steel gooseneck livestock trailer, 20’x72” TRACTORS 1982 IHC 5488 2WD, 2,464 hrs. 1996 New Holland 8770 MFWD, 7,848 hrs. OTHER MANURE EQUIPMENT (2) hoses, 2013 Nuhn loadout 25’x8”, w/ends fill pipe, 35’ long Trap, 8”, w/gate & VTI Contour King cleanout disc incorporator Fill pipe, 33’

Estate Farm Equipment




388 ator ion, TiBO.




Harvesting Equip

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

TERMS: All items sold as is where is. Payment of cash or check must be made sale day before removal of items. Statements made auction day take precedence over all advertising. $35 documentation fee applies to all titled vehicles. Titles will be mailed. Canadian buyers need a bank letter of credit to facilitate border transfer. Scott Steffes MN14-51

12725 Country Road 30 SW, Cokato, MN 55321

Dennis & Adele have lived on the family farm for 50 years and are retiring from farming. We are so thankful to help the Mahlstedt’s with their auction. The majority of these items have been stored indoors and seen the best of care and maintenance. Please check back for inspection dates and information. No buyer’s premium. Please join us on September 25th! COMBINE & SWATHER: JD 4400 dsl combine, rotary screen, 3607 hrs, 24Lx26 tires, stored indoors since new, this combine was purchased brand new by Denny & Adele & is a 1 owner machine. Always cared for & serviced. If you or anyone you know is looking for a clean field ready combine this is the one. JD 4 belt pickup; JD 213 13’ flex head; JD 443 4R30” cornhead; JD 215 Swather w/ 12’ head #215-2231. TRACTORS: JD 4020 dsl, WF, power shift, side console, factory cab, 3pt, dual remotes #252836R. Clean late model 4020 w/ side console. JD #48 factory loader mounted to the 4020, will be sold separate. Case 1030 dsl, WF, 3pt, excellent 18.4x34 rear tires, 5,132 hrs# 8317670; Case 1470 w/ 3pt, 7,587 hrs, dual hyd. 28L x 26 tires, needs engine work# 9812483; JD 620 narrow front w/ 3pt; JD B, NF, serial number 285239; Ford 8N w/ front blade & hyd. Backhoe. TRUCKS: ‘69 F-600 w/ 15.5’ grain box, 73,105 miles on meter, 8.25x20 tires, stored indoors, running working truck; ‘68 Ford F-700 w/ 15.5’ grain box, 98,000 miles on meter, tag axle, 9.00-20 tires, stored indoors, running working truck. EQUIPMENT: JD model 7000 8R30” planter RG83OF complete set of fert. Attachments; JD #400 21’ 3pt rotary hoe; JD 15’ AW disc; JD 3pt 15’ cultivator; Antique JD 114A feed mill #7167; Hesston PT-10 7’ haybine; Hesston 5600 round baler 5x6; Hesston stack mover; Winningham hay conditioner; H&S tandem spreader; Dakan 5 shank 3 point deep tiller; IHC # 550 5-14 semi-mount plow; Melroe 900 5-18 auto reset w/ coulters; (2) Melroe 30’ multi-weeders w/ spray attachment; Sunmaster 14’ stalk chopper; Wil-Rich 28’ cultivator; Mohawk 12 shank chisel plow; Snowco 7x52 auger; Snowco screener 24”; Bale conveyors 24’ & 34’; Westco corn cultivators 8 & 10 row; Van Brunt 10’ grain drill with grass seeder on steel 6” spacing; (2) 14’ 4” augers; Flare box 125 bushel; Bale throw rack w/ 650 Electric Wheel wagon; JD running gear; MN Barge box wagon w/ sides; Walsh 500 gal sprayer w/ 30’ booms; Walsh 200 gal 3pt sprayer; 3pt round bale carrier; Dearborn 7’ 3pt cultivator; 3pt 6’ back blade; 3pt 5’ Landscape rake; 3pt post auger. MORE FARM ITEMS: Palco head chute w/ 3pt carrier; 28Lx26 10 ply tires; 15.5x38 hub duals; 18.4x34 band duals; Schwartz WF for 2 cyl JD; 300 gal overhead tank; Small lick tank; Calf heater hut; Gates & fencing equipment; Bail spear bucket mount; Many operators & parts manuals; Fertilizer auger for truck; 1500 gal water tank; Misc. block & tile; Misc. tires 13, 14 & 15”; 9 rolls of barb wire; Sweep auger 10’; Misc. salvage machinery; Bin fans; Auger flighting; Tractor buzz saw; Bin aeration fans & bin spreaders; 2 Rolls of plastic tubing; Vintage fanning mill HT Ferrell & Co; Hesston, Melroe, Wil-Rich & Mohawk parts; Misc. farm parts; New bearings; 60’ endless flat belt; Barrels & barrel pumps; Loading auger 10’ x 5”. ROUND BALES: (24) 5x6 round corn stalk bales stored inside. SEMI TRAILER: 40’ semi-trailer to be removed by purchaser. 3 WHEELER / MOWERS / TRAILER: Honda 3 wheeler; 3Pt hyd. log splitter; Husqvarna YTH1848 mower w/ 18HP & 48” cut; Husqvarna YT H2454 mower w/ 24HP & 54” cut; Garden tractor snowblower; Garden tractor RotaTiller; 4x6 utility trailer. TOOLS & SHOP ITEMS: Torch kit; Forney 275 electric welder; Craftsman table saw; McCulloch 61 O chain saw; Mac 1 O chain saw; 2 man saw; Old garden tiller; Cement mixer w/ electric motor; Misc. tools; Small dumpster; Jig saw; Tool bench; Shelving, bins, & large parts bins; Forks, shovels & handle tools; Log chains. ANTIQUES & OTHER ITEMS: Wooden chairs; Toy box; Dr. Pepper sign; Pioneer sign; Many bicycles. More collectibles to be discovered as we setup the auction.


www.thelandonline.com —”Where Farm and Family Meet”

Please support our advertisers. Tell them you saw their ad in THE LAND.


Farmall 806 rebuilt

Good selection of IH farm equipment

Farmall 706 rebuilt

Plows, disc, planter, drill, tillage, hay equip1976 International 4wd ment & more. pickup 345 V8 with Large selection of IH automatic parts & collectibles 1972 GMC 1500 4wd 3 Point & fast hitch equipment TRAILERS Super M & 400

2000 Delta 8T 26’ gooseneck trailer with pop-up rear

Tools & shop items

Farm misc. & more!

Semi trailer / van body Mowers & outdoor

Your ad could be here! 507-345-4523

Auctioneer - Derek Lundeen #86-86 (612)280-1725 No buyer’s premium.


13927 56th St SE, ENDERLIN, ND


Sheep February, March Twin Ram Lambs. Suffolk/Hampshire and Dorset sired. Rugged and Growthy. Ready to help your flock. LaFayette, MN 507-276-7683 FOR SALE: Suffolk, Suffolk cross rams & Polypay rams, lots of muscle. Suffolk cross ewe lambs & speckle faced ewe lambs. 507-445-3317 (leave message) or 507-8223398

Pets & Supplies Blue Heeler puppies, 4 male 4 female, 250.00 each. Brad 507-475-1090 Texts preferred.

Trucks & Trailers Ford 7.3 Power Stroke diesel used engines & trans, tested & guaranteed, parts & service also. 320-583-0881

WANTED TO BUY: IH 881 or Dorset & Hampshire rams, ewes & yearlings for sale. 830 chopper. 320-249-8556 Recreational Lambs, large framed w/fast Vehicles growth that will put extra lbs on your lambs. I can deliver. Livestock FOR SALE: Yamaha Grizzly Gene Sanford (507)645-4989 ATV, 2010, 4x4, approx 3700 miles, excellent condition, FOR SALE: Black Angus bulls Sell your livestock in The $4,850. 507-317-3396 also Hamp, York, & Hamp/ Land with a line ad. Call Duroc boars & gilts. Alfred 507-345-4523 Kemen 320-598-3790






FOR SALE: Farm Fans All kinds of New & Used farm FOR SALE: Yorkshire, HampCMS420J grain dryer, LP, equipment - disc chisels, field shire, Duroc & Hamp/Duroc DC drive, on transports, 6288 cults, planters, soil finishers, boars, also gilts. Excellent hrs, good condition, $16,750. cornheads, feed mills, discs, selection. Raised outside. 320-894-3303 balers, haybines, etc. 507- Exc herd health. No PRSS. 438-9782 Delivery avail. 320-760-0365 FOR SALE: Westfield aucgers, 8”x51’ $1,400/OBO; FOR SALE: Duroc boars born 8”x61’ $1,000/OBO. In MankaJanuary 2020, excellent herd to MN area. 507-317-0629 health, delivery available, 218-770-7916 RETIRED; FOR SALE: Parker 739 Grain Cart. Red, Spot, Duroc, Chester White, adjustable spout, shedded, Boars & Gilts available. like new, $20,000. Call Bill at Monthly PRRS and PEDV. 507-847-4693. Jackson, MN. Delivery available. Steve Old Barn Wanted: It must Leave message. Resler. 507-456-7746 have vertical siding & be in fair condition. I have Sudenga unloading angle aureferences, insurance and ger, 6” inlet, 6’ length with Sheep experienced crew. Call 3 HP motor, good condition, Mark or send pictures to $1,500. 320-328-5794 507-469-0474. (507) 469-0474 20 Heavy Duty Steel Jigs For Sheep/Goats To Make TurnLivestock WANTED: DeLux 10’ con- ing Cradles Sliding & Sorting Equipment tinous flow grain dryer, Gates, Run & Corral Panels, 1-phase LP in excellent con- Mineral Feeders, Bale FeedFOR SALE: S&S Duraline dition. Please call 507-842- ers, Etc. PLUS 40 Pieces Of stock trailer, 2013 model, 20’ Inventory. $7,500/OBO. gooseneck, $4,900. 320-552- 5462, Leave message with Retiring. 319-347-6282 return phone number. 2266

68094 Common St. Hutchinson, MN 55350 TRACTORS

Grain Handling Equipment


Preview & Loadout by Appointment

FREON WANTED: We pay $$$ for cylinders & cans. R12 R500 R11 R113 R114. Convenient. Certified Professionals. Call (312)291-9169 or visit RefrigerantFinders.com PARMA DRAINAGE PUMPS New pumps & parts on hand. Call Minnesota’s largest distributor HJ Olson & Company 320-974-8990 Cell - 320-212-5336

INCLUDES: MFWD Tractors & Loaders, 2WD Tractors & Loaders, Loader & Attachments, Drill, Tillage Equipment, Trucks, Pickups, Vehicles, Trailers, Sprayers & Chemical/Fertilizer Equipment, Skid Steer Loaders & Attachments, Hay & Livestock Equipment, Scraper & Blades, Forklift, Other Equipment, Generators, Lawn & Garden Equipment, Recreation, Tanks, Parts & Farm Support Items


Steffes Group, Inc., 2000 Main Ave E, West Fargo, ND 58078 | 701.237.9173


Contact Rodney Steffes at Steffes Group, 701.237.9173 or 701.238.1865 TERMS: All items sold as is where is. Payment of cash or check must be made sale day before removal of items. Statements made auction day take precedence over all advertising. $35 documentation fee applies to all titled vehicles. Titles will be mailed. Canadian buyers need a bank letter of credit to facilitate border transfer. Scott Steffes ND81

REINKE IRRIGATION Sales & Service New & Used For your irrigation needs 888-830-7757 or 507-276-2073 Winpower Sales & Service Reliable Power Solutions Since 1925 PTO & automatic Emergency Electric Generators. New & Used Rich Opsata-Distributor 800-343-9376

Looking for something special? Put a line ad in The Land and find it quick! Call The Land today. 507-345-4523


am hire ged elp MN


zzly 700 ion,

GerretyAuction Ad Copy is 5.16” x 6”

Call The Land 507-345-4523

To those that work in acres, not in hours

We thank you!

Estate Auction

Saturday, October 3rd - 10:30 am 23175 295th St, Seaforth, MN

This 3 bedroom, 1 bath home in Seaforth, MN is a must see! Features include an attached double garage, large octagonal 4-season porch and living rooms area with many windows, rear deck and lots of areas for storage. Large yard with two machine sheds, a work shop, barn, mature grove and approx. 3.63 acres of tillable land. pay

R12 nveonvisit

MPS nd. dis-


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vice ons atic ner-

• 5/8” drum roller wall thickness • 42” drum diameter wall thickness • 4”x8” frame tubing 3/8” thick • Auto fold

Classified Line Ads

and get the second one free. Offer good for one full circulation combo. Free ad must be of equal male or lesser value and run in rad the same editions. ed. Hurry! Offer ends soon.


Today you are you, that is truer that true. There is no one alive who is Youer that You. ~ Dr Seuss


folk ms, oss ced 3317 Purchase one line ad in 822- The Land at regular price

esel ted ser-

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

For complete information packet or viewing property contact: Matt Mages - (507) 276-7002 Truck, ATV & Mowers: ‘06 Dodge Ram 2500 Big Horn Edition, 134000 mi, diesel, 4x4, brush guard; Arctic Cat 400 ATV, 1143 miles, 264.6 hrs, 4WD, front & rear rack; JD LX279 riding mower, 567 hrs, 48” deck; Craftsman riding mower, B&S engine, 42”; Noma 8HP snowthrower; Simplicity SnoAway snowblower; Craftsman 22” weedtrimmer; Buggies, Tools & Equipment: black 4-seat horse drawn buggy; black & red horse drawn buggy w/ rubber wheels & rose detailing; Lenhart horse drawn sleigh; horse drawn 2-wheeled carriage; red & yellow buggy frames; horse drawn wagon w/ wooden wheels; buggy lanterns; extensive amount of horse tack & buggy parts; computerized plasma cutting table, 4’ x 4’; Delta band saw; Powermate generator; PK sprayer w/ tank; pallet jack; tool boxes; lg amount of hand & yard tools; MinnKota trolling motor; 4’ x 8’ rolling carts; lg amount of lumber, various sizes; metal lockers; Household & Antiques: Whirlpool duet HT front load washer; Whirlpool dryer; Thermos gas grill; Keurig coffee maker; Apple desktop computer; 40” Sony TV; belt buckles, include: MN Conservation Federation, Hesston, Firestone; violins; chalkware; cast-iron figurines; steins; stained glass; furniture; barn shaped toy boxes; Tonka toys; vintage Fisher Price toys; toy tractors; Harley leather jackets; Pepsi denim jackets; hunting gear; See magesland.com for complete details.

Michael Gerrety Estate & Paula Gerrety Listing Auctioneer: Matt Mages, 507-276-7002, Lic 52-20-018

Broker/Clerk: Mages Land Co & Auction Ser vice, LLC. All Items Sold “AS IS”. Not responsible for accidents. Terms: buyers premium applies on all online bidding only




GREENWALD FARM CENTER Greenwald, MN • 320-987-3177 14 miles So. of Sauk Centre


Beck's Hybrids .......................................................... 1, 15 C & C Roofing ................................................................ 5 Greenwald Farm Center ................................................. 27 Henslin Auctions, Inc .................................................... 26 Kannegiesser Truck ....................................................... 17 Land Resource Management .......................................... 23 Larry Mages ................................................................. 22 Larson Brothers Implement ........................................... 22 Leaf Filter ...................................................................... 9 Lundeen Auctions ................................................... 25, 26 Mages Auction Service .................................................. 27 Northland Buildings ........................................................ 7 Pioneer ..................................................................... 3, 11 Pruess Elevator, Inc ...................................................... 24 Rush River Steel & Trim ................................................. 4 Schweiss Doors ............................................................. 23 Smiths Mill Implement, Inc ........................................... 22 Steffes Group .................................................... 23, 25, 26 Wingert Realty & Land Services .................................... 23 507-345-4523 • 800-657-4665 PO Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56001 www.thelandonline.com


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This week’s Back Roads is the work of The Land Correspondent Richard Siemers.

A world of windmills


erry Rodman’s collection of windmills just north of Jasper, Minn. is a living history lesson … and Rodman can tell you about each one. But he is more than a history buff. He seems to be fascinated by the variety of ways humans have found to harness the wind — particularly to pump water. That’s why of the 44 mills he has erected (he’s working on more), each is a different make and model. Nine mills are from foreign countries: China, Australia, South Africa, Canada, Mexico, Spain, the Netherlands, Brazil and Argentina. Typically he had the gearbox, blades and tail shipped to Jasper and he built the four-legged tower. (Being a welder and machinist, he not only refurbishes but also makes parts and towers.) In Spain, Rodman saw windmills with stone bases, so he took the specs and built a replica using a fuel barrel for the base. Rodman saw another unusual windmill in the Netherlands: a Bosman on a black tower. There were four fans and two tails at a 90-degree angle from each other — one vertical and one horizontal. A water float system rotates the tails to turn the fan into or away from the wind. The gearbox is a Ford Model A rear end, redesigned to pump water.

The mills collected in America are equally diverse. There is a mill with twin fans. Another that was sold by Sears & Roebuck. A Challenge with fans made of slender wooden blades. Most sit on shorter towers than the original. Not only does he not relish climbing tall towers at age 75, it’s easier for people to see the working parts of the windmill. There is even a windmill that tips over — intentionally. The Aermotor Tip-Over mill is hinged in the middle and has a red, bell-shaped counterweight on the bottom. When it needs service, it is unlatched and the head swings down to a height reachable by a regular ladder. “That’s one of my favorites,” Rodman said. “There aren’t many around.” The windmills all stand near his home on Split Rock Creek. They can be glimpsed from Highway 23 north of Jasper; but get a close-up look by turning off the highway onto a gravel road (21st St.) and after a short distance turn south on 40th Ave. After walking among the windmills, follow the stone path across a bridge to the Dutch windmill. Inside there is a guest book to sign. Terry Rodman can be reached via email at KRodman@frontier.com. v Editor’s note: A feature story on Rodman, written by Siemers, appeared in the Feb. 24, 2006 issue of The Land. Since that time Rodman has added a number of windmills to his collection and we thought readers might enjoy a visit to his display.

Jasper, Minn.







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THE LAND ~ September 18, 2020 ~ Southern Edition