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“Since 1976, Where Farm and Family Meet”


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March 20, 2020 March 27, 2020


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THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

Disaster dress rehearsal

P.O. Box 3169 418 South Second St. Mankato, MN 56002 (800) 657-4665 Vol. XLIV ❖ No. 6 32 pages, 1 section plus supplements

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Cover photo by Paul Malchow

COLUMNS Opinion Farm and Food File The Back Porch In The Garden The Bookworm Sez: Cooking With Kristin Farm Programs Mielke Market Weekly Marketing Auctions/Classifieds Advertiser Listing Back Roads

2-4 3 5 6 6 7 14 15 20-21 23-31 31 32


Publisher: Steve Jameson: sjameson@mankatofreepress.com General Manager: Deb Petterson: dpetterson@TheLandOnline.com Managing Editor: Paul Malchow: editor@TheLandOnline.com Staff Writer: Kristin Kveno: kkveno@thelandonline.com Staff Writer Emeritus: Dick Hagen: rdhagen35@gmail.com Advertising Representatives: James McRae: jmcrea@TheLandOnline.com Ryan Landherr: rlandherr@TheLandOnline.com Office/Advertising Assistants: Joan Compart: theland@TheLandOnline.com Lyuda Shevtsov: auctions@thelandonline.com For Customer Service Concerns: (507) 345-4523, (800) 657-4665, theland@TheLandOnline.com Fax: (507) 345-1027 For Editorial Concerns or Story Ideas: (507) 344-6342, (800) 657-4665, editor@TheLandOnline.com Because of the nature of articles appearing in The Land, product or business names may be included to provide clarity. This does not constitute an endorsement of any product or business. Opinions and viewpoints expressed in editorials or by news sources are not necessarily those of the management. The Publisher shall not be liable for slight changes or typographical errors that do not lessen the value of an advertisement. The Publisher’s liability for other errors or omissions in connection with an advertisement is strictly limited to publication of the advertisement in any subsequent issue or the refund of any monies paid for the advertisement. Classified Advertising: $19.99 for seven (7) lines for a private classified, each additional line is $1.40; $24.90 for business classifieds, each additional line is $1.40. Classified ads accepted by mail or by phone with VISA, MasterCard, Discover or American Express. Classified ads can also be sent by e-mail to theland@TheLandOnline.com. Mail classified ads to The Land, P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002. Please include credit card number, expiration date and your postal address with ads sent on either mail version. Classified ads may also be called into (800) 657-4665. Deadline for classified ads is 5 pm on the Friday prior to publication date, with holiday exceptions. Distributed to farmers in all Minnesota counties and northern Iowa, as well as on The Land’s website. Each classified ad is separately copyrighted by The Land. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. Subscription and Distribution: Free to farmers and agribusinesses in Minnesota and northern Iowa. $29 per year for non-farmers and people outside the service area. The Land (USPS 392470) Copyright © 2019 by The Free Press Media is published biweekly by The Free Press, 418 S 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727. Business and Editorial Offices: 418 S. 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727, Accounting and Circulation Offices: Steve Jameson, 418 S 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727. Call (507) 345-4523 to subscribe. Periodicals postage paid at Mankato, MN. Postmaster and Change of Address: Send address changes to The Land, P.O. Box 3169, Mankato MN 56002-3169 or e-mail to theland@ TheLandOnline.com.

I swear I was going to write about I was in first grade when my entire elesomething besides the coronavirus; but mentary school walked through town to the topic seems to invade every waking the high school to get a cube of sugar. A minute these days. On top of that, the preventative serum for polio had been bars are all closed ... on St. Patty’s Day found and everyone received their dose no less. Who’d have thunk it? on a cube of sugar. I was too young to grasp the terror of polio, but I do rememDespite all of the “end of the world” ber the excitement over the polio vaccine. movies I’ve seen where mass hysteria Will caronavirus have the same historical rules and angry mobs take over the significance? It’s a little early to say, but LAND MINDS streets, I’ve held the belief that when COVID-19 is having a major impact on things get tough sanity would prevail By Paul Malchow our daily lives and economy. For the long and folks would work together. Today I term, what we learn and how we react heard a report of people jumping the to the experience will impact us even line at a Costco store (not sure where). more. Names were called, shoppers ramming each other with carts ... maybe not mass hysteria, n but a little too nutty for my comfort level. If we can It is with a bit of a heavy heart The Land bids lose our minds over toilet paper (two ply or not), farewell to two of our columnists. Lenae Bulthuis’ how can we hold it together for serious stuff like “The Back Porch” and Sharon Quale’s “In The potable water and medicine? Garden” are both making their final appearances in Maybe COVID-19 is a dress rehearsal for The this issue. Next Real Big Thing. What we learn from this crisis The earliest “Back Porch” column I was able to should make us better prepared for the next one. locate was March 6, 1998. There are a few gaps in Farmers aren’t supposed to experience another our archives from that period; so she may have 1980s meltdown because we’re smarter now. started sooner. Regardless, it’s been a heck of a run Can improvements be made in the CDC to allow for the Renville, Minn. writer. for quicker response? What happens when all forms Some writers grow into their craft, but Lenae was of public places are closed down and off limits? Can rock solid right from the git-go. Comforting as a cup some businesses function – and even thrive – with of hot cocoa, she could praise without being gushy; the work force no longer traveling to work? Will scold without being self-righteous; and turn everycolleges direct more of their resources to online day occurrences into a lesson on life and love. learning – ending the college campus as we now Quale’s tenure with The Land was a bit shorter — know it? Many of the roads we’re walking right now joining in 2014. It was clear early on she has a love are uncharted. for plants. Sharon knew all of the fancy Latin I think the caronavirus has people looking differnames, but she had the ability to make the complex ently at the health care system in the United States seem simple. I wonder how many “brown thumbs” and that’s a good thing. A health care crisis can found success with plants simply because Sharon befall anyone at any time; but these incidents rarely could make you think, “I can do this!” make the evening news. Suddenly, hospitalization Sharon was crafty too — making hives for bees; and the chance of enormous medical bills are holiday decorations; and in this issue she takes us smacking us in the face on a regular basis. What into the world of May baskets. happens when the doctors and nurses become the patients? Is it realistic to maintain and supply large Both of these women had far better things to do medical facilities “just in case..?.” with their time than craft a monthly column for The Land; but they did it well, they did it with thought, Off-site schooling and home office workers highand they were always on time with their submislight the need for high-speed internet access for sions. I know our readers will miss them, but I will everyone ... and that’s a good thing too. Rural stumiss them more. dents, already pinched by limited resources and aging facilities, are in danger of falling farther Good luck, Lenae and Sharon, on whatever advenbehind because they can’t access lessons online. tures are on your horizon. More noise is finally being made for broadband Paul Malchow is the managing editor of The Land. access and the U.S. Department of Agriculture is He may be reached at editor@TheLandOnline.com. v funding more projects. There is still much to do.


THERE’S EVEN MORE ONLINE... @ TheLandOnline.com • “Nuts and Bolts” — News and new products from the ag industry • “Calendar of Events” — Check out The Land’s complete events listing • “E-Edition” — Archives of past issues of The Land

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

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February’s paradox evolves to March’s struggles February is a paradox. Leap Year or Russian fight over the global crude oil spring and summer. not, it’s the shortest month of the year — market. In just two weeks, the virusFor proof, reported Yahoo Business, just moments yet it always feels like the longest month fueled dual to cut production to push up after the Saudi/Russia oil war exploded onto world of winter. Endless gray skies bleed into prices devolved into a produce-or-die markets March 9, American biofuel players dove for endless gray days into an almost endless match between two oligarchies hoping to cover. “U.S. ethanol margins got crushed,” that day, gray month. drown each other. “as cheaper crude makes the biofuel less appealing.” Then March appears with its light, Almost every nation expected the brawl Share prices of ethanol makers, it continued, were color and hope; and February’s dreariness to bring higher crude prices. On March 8, hit first and hard: “…(S)hares in producer Pacific is soon forgotten. FARM & FOOD FILE however, the race to the bottom between Ethanol Inc. plunged as much as 28 percent” and the two began and crude prices collapsed “Archer-Daniels-Midland Co., which is trying to sell Light, color and hope are needed this By Alan Guebert from $60 per barrel the week before to March as political leaders, markets, its dry ethanol mills, slumped as much as 7.1 per$30 per barrel that night. And, just and the world economy tumble into a cent.” like that, the world’s leading commodivirus-choked mud hole of confusion, Worse, according to biofuel officials on March 11, ty lost half its value to one virus and finger-pointing, and inaction. Worse, the “White House now appears ready” to appeal a two autocrats. this mess will likely get messier. “unanimous court decision that would halt the Thirty-dollar crude sounds great until it hits the How much messier? Unknowingly messier. Environmental Protection Agency’s abuse of Small American economy’s kneecaps: higher unemployRefinery Exemptions … which have destroyed For example, the coronavirus essentially shut ment, decreased spending, lower exports, greater demand for billions of gallons of homegrown biofudown China for 45 days before the nation somehow federal spending, higher government deficits. els.” (no one knows exactly how) claimed the number of To get a closer-to-home idea of the devastating newly-diagnosed citizens began to fall. See GUEBERT, pg. 5 impact of crude’s price collapse, consider what What we do know, however, is that 45 days is 12 would happen to rural America’s economy if cash percent of one year; so China, as a nation, may have soybeans fell from $9 per bushel to $4.50 or if corn lost up to 12 percent of its economic activity already prices dropped from an already-low $3.60 per bushthis year because of the wide-sweeping illness. el to $1.80. What will the world economy look like if key Now consider both price collapses happening in nations such as Italy (already locked down) and less than two weeks. America (where schools, universities and convention While that hasn’t happened, both — and, really, centers are beginning to lock down) take a similar all commodity — markets are under the triple — and, frankly, as miraculously short — time to threat of still-in-place American tariffs, coronavirusreturn to normal? slammed world demand, and now a bloodletting oil It’s truly a guess and guess high, not low. war whose shock waves will pound the U.S. ethanol market and global oilseed markets throughout the Now add to that sour picture the Saudi Arabian/


Letter: Who sets the priorities? To the Editor, We have a governor and attorney general that are suing Juul because of their e-cigarettes, and representatives supporting bike trails. This is just a couple of the many irrelevant issues that seem to get priority every year. This year should be spent on eradicating crime in the state whether it be against people or property. Just by watching the news or reading the papers is enough to make you fearful whether it affects you directly or not. Why have illegal drugs been allowed to expand as they have? It should be considered a capitol offense for those that manufacture or sell illegal drugs, whether it’s heroin, cocaine, marijuana or meth. These people know it’s wrong and that it destroys lives while costing billions in apprehension and incarcerating these criminals, much less the lives that are destroyed in the process. This segment of society just becomes a burden to the rest of society that is forced to deal with it, whether it is in their family or taken out of their taxes (because they work for a living) to pay the expenses associated to deal with it.

You should deal the same way with those that commit murder, rape or child abuse. These people need to forfeit their place in society when they commit these horrendous crimes. We can abort innocent unborn babies, but we are not willing to make it a capitol offense for adults (that know what they are doing) who are still committing these crimes against others. So instead of going after Juul (which I see is just a means to increase state coffers to spend on more government programs), put the emphasis on eliminating crime so that families can live a full life without fear of physical harm on themselves, their families, their property or the monetary expense associated with dealing with these problems. Also, all representatives of the people should have to visit all areas within their district at least twice a year, whether it is a county commissioner, state or federal representative or senator so that they can hear directly from those they serve. Mike Handzus Lakefield, Minn.

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THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

Letter: To belittle President Trump is offensive Editor’s note: Brad Trom’s Feb. 21 letter to the editor certainly generated a number of comments from readers of The Land. Most all were unhappy we ran the letter in the first place — stating The Land was un-American. However, I would argue the strength of America comes from the freedom to voice your opinion — regardless of how unpopular that opinion might be. These letters did not arrive in time to be included in the March 6 issue where other responses to Trom’s letter appeared. To the Editor, In response to the Trump Golden Rule letter to the editor: Not since Kennedy and Reagan have we had a president who has pride in our country. Trump’s characteristics — he is: 1. Sadistic — He believes our enemies should endure consequences for trying to harm us — China, Iran, North Korea, Syria, etc. 2. Conniving — He uses unconventional methods to influence other’s behavior. 3. Amoral — He doesn’t follow the status quo in government. 4. Perverse — He is deliberate in fixing the system. 5. Ferocious — Takes on issues aggressively. 6. Tyrannical — He uses power and authority to get the job done. 7. Devious — He uses unconventional methods to get results. 8. Ruthless — He is determined to Make This Country Great Again. 9. Faithless — He is not loyal to our enemies. Is not willing to apologize for our country. 10. Treacherous — He is willing to take risks to fix the system — usually unorthodox. 11. Bloodthirsty — He will seek retribution for those who hurt our military and citizens. 12. Perfidious — He does not trust the opposition to do the right thing. 13. Rapacious — He believes other countries should pay for military services we provide to them. 14. Vicious — He will not shy away from pain and suffering against our enemies. 15. Savage — He will be aggressive and cause harm to our enemies. 16. Degenerate — He has moral standards similar to our citizenship. 17. Bigoted — He believes we should follow our immigration laws. 18. Cold Blooded — He is indifferent to those against our country. He isn’t perfect. He is unconventional. Our system needs to be shaken up. Washington is out of control and the politicians don’t care about the general pub-


lic. They just want to enrich themselves at our expense and do not listen. Why does Trump resonate with so many? Because so many are disgusted with the status quo. It’s unfortunate, but sometimes an unconventional person gets promoted to fix a system out of control. To belittle Trump and declare

that the majority of people are offended by his behavior is offensive. Why did he win the presidency? Why did half of America vote for him? Roger A. Stoick Bloomington, Minn.

Letter: Sorry Trump is president To the Editor, Regarding Don Buck’s letter to the editor which appeared in the March 6 issue of The Land, President Trump has done unimaginable damage to the country as well as the farmers. Instead of draining the swamp, he filled the

swamp and now many of his team is in jail — as where he should be. People like Don should get their head out of the sand and educate themselves. Brad and Cindy Augeson Hector, Minn.

Letter: Beyond the Golden Rule To the Editor, Mr. Trom’s letter to the editor in the Feb. 21 issue of The Land (under the headline: “The Golden Rule is Employed by Many Religions”) should be of interest to all. Mr. Trom’s statements “Trump is evil” are absurd, insulting and certainly not civil. Although anyone who enters the political arena should have a tough skin, Mr. Trom’s statements are at least morally reprehensible; if not actionable under the longstanding common law and statute. The Golden Rule simply stated: “Do onto others that which you would have them do onto you.” Mr. Trom’s claim that the Golden Rule is found in the code of Hammurabi seems to be a stretch. A complete reading of the Code of Hammurabi (translated, of course) shows little evidence of a positive, uplifting Golden Rule, but a vengeful, violent, negative form. Rule 196 states: “If a man puts out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out.” Rule 197 is like onto 196 but refers to one’s bone. Rule 201 refers to the tooth.

Hammurabi’s code further deals with the issue of slander or false witness: “If a man has born false witness in a trial or has not established the statement that he has made, if the case be a capital trial that man shall be put to death.” Further, Rule 127 states: If anyone points a finger and cannot prove it, that man shall be taken before the judges and his brow shall be marked by cutting of his skin or perhaps the hair.” Why not the simple statement of the Christian Bible found in the Ten Commandments: “Thou shall not bear false witness.” In the Christian Bible, Jesus teaches “You have heard and eye or an eye. But, I tell you do not resist an evil person…” Further, Christ teaches: “You have heard love your neighbor and hate your enemy. I tell you love your enemy and pray for those who persecute you…” Both these commands are found in the Gospel of Matthew, Chapter 5. Please, read and take to heart! This is the Way, Truth and Light… Malcolm Maxwell Le Sueur, Minn.

wants to hear from you! Letters to the editor are always welcome. Send your letters to: Editor, The Land P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002 e-mail: editor@thelandonline.com All letters must be signed and accompanied by a phone number (not for publication) to verify authenticity.

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


20 years of writing and the importance of stopping He failed to make a complete stop caught up in the rat race. It’s not just the where our gravel road meets the highfolks with children under their roof, way. It’s easy to do for anyone living on working long hours, or those in rush hour the corner of the sticks and the boonies. commutes that are rolling through stop Maybe he was lost in thought or maybe signs and life. We can all have seasons thinking about nothing at all as teen when we are breathless, frazzled, boys can do. Regardless of why he failed stressed and overwhelmed. to stop, it came at the cost of a pricey One of those fast food, drive-through traffic ticket. chains says we deserve a break today. THE BACK PORCH Taking a break is bigger than strategic We live in a culture that fails to make complete stops not just at stop signs, but By Lenae Bulthuis marketing and tasty fries – and more in everyday life. than a good idea. Full stops are a necessity. There was a time when people made a complete stop at the end of the day. The sun went down, canIn Mark Buchanan’s book, The Holy Wild, he dles and kerosene lamps were extinguished, and shares a story he heard about a mother trying every people went to bed. That changed in 1879 when available avenue to help her hyperactive, attention Thomas Edison produced the first electric light. It deficit son. No matter what recommendation she was a phenomenal achievement that lit up the pursued, each failed to bring calmness to her child. world and came with a cost. Light broke into night Out of sheer desperation, in the midst of one of her and broke the pattern of making a complete stop to son’s outbreaks, she lovingly wrapped her arms get some needed rest. around him, hugged him with a gentle firmness, whispered and sang words of love and peace, until There was a time when people made a complete he finally gave up the fight and rested in her stop to gather around the table to fuel bodies with embrace. Each time he erupts, she holds him until food and souls with conversation. Then came driveshe calms him. “I do it long enough,” she says, “for through windows and busier-than-ever family him to remember who he is.” schedules. And though it is a huge gift to have someone else prepare dinner at the end of a crazy Remembering matters. Full stops help us rememday, studies reveal that not regularly making a com- ber who we are and why we’re here. They give us plete stop to eat together comes at a cost to our health, relationships and children’s grades. Failing to stop is no respecter of age or location. The country mouse and the city mouse can both get

opportunity to look both ways so we can check our heart and check in on our people. They help us to breathe and begin again—picking up where we left off or taking a new route if needed. For over 20 years it has been grace to write “The Back Porch” for The Land. I’ve worked under amazing editors and met incredible readers in person, through postal mail and email, and at speaking events. What a blessing to connect with those who deeply care about faith, family, and farming. You’ve encouraged my heart and I pray that in some small way I’ve strengthened yours over the years. There’s a time for everything. A time for full stops and a time for complete stops. After taking a full stop and looking both ways at my precious family and my work on staff for a global girls’ ministry, it’s time for a complete stop in this space. Friends, I will always thank God for you and this season we’ve shared together. Keep the faith. Remember what matters most, and never roll through a day without looking for God’s grace on the gravel road or the back porch where you call home. Lenae Bulthuis muses about faith, family, and farming from her back porch on her Minnesota grain and livestock farm. Her blog can be found online at www.lenaebulthuis.com and she can be reached via email at lenaesbulthuis@gmail.com. v

Crude oil crisis GUEBERT, from pg. 3 But the president’s always-weak promise to protect the U.S. ethanol market is a campfire compared to the implosion of the global crude market. If crude prices remain at half their March 1 value, either ethanol prices — and corn prices, too — must fall to remain competitive or ethanol plants must close because they can’t cover their variable costs. Either way, court battles over refinery exemptions will be one of ethanol’s (and agriculture’s) smaller problems this year if today’s coronavirus woes continue to snowball. If so, March, the traditional month of hope and spring, will be little different than gray February. The Farm and Food File is published weekly through the United States and Canada. Past columns, events and contact information are posted at www.farmandfoodfile.com. v


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THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

Tradition of May Basket is economical and fun The old custom of giving May baskets to and attach a wire special people has nearly vanished. During handle. Decorate the the 18oo’s giving May baskets was a comcan and the handle mon ritual of spring and it often was assowith a raffia or ribbon ciated with a full blown celebration which bow. included dancing around a May pole. Blossoms to use in The tradition in early times was of a boy the basket include any hanging a basket of flowers on the door blooms from houseknob of a young lady he fancied, ringing plants such as African IN THE GARDEN the door bell and then running away. The violets and geraniums. young lady recipient was tasked with tryPansies are a good By Sharon Quale ing to catch him before he got away. This choice as they are ritual was usually carried out at dusk. Later, the early bloomers and can tolerate giving of May baskets included close friends and some cold weather. I used a purelderly as intended recipients. chased small bunch of flowers rearranged to fit the container May baskets can be made from many different because the blossoms are all items. I found a small wicker basket at a thrift shop, spray painted it yellow, and added tulips, daf- ready hardened off and will last longer. To keep the flowers fresh fodils and baby’s breath. A cone made of heavy wrap the stems in a ball of paper with an attached ribbon handle is an inexmoistened moss or floral foam pensive way to make a basket. A 15-ounce metal and cover that ball with plastic vegetable can also makes a good basket. Clean and wrap before placing them in the basket. punch holes on opposite sides of the rim of the can

A few years ago our local Girl Scout troop revived the tradition and gifted numerous elderly folks living in our community with lovely small baskets of flowers on May 1. The reactions were of profound surprise and appreciation for this act of kindness. The cause of the end of this old spring tradition could be attributed to a national fall from innocence, the widespread use of social media or the increased desire for privacy. Giving a Maybasket would be a loving ritual to revive and would be welcomed by anyone who is lucky enough to be the recipient. Sharon Quale is a master gardener from central Minnesota. She may be reached at (218) 7386060 or squale101@yahoo.com. v

Author reminds us a ‘job’ might not be in your future Click. while it may not affect you, it will cer“A World Without Work: Technology, Automation, tainly affect your children. For this And with that quiet little sound, an and How We Should Respond” reason, says Susskind, we must take email is sent, a door’s unlocked, an alarm the issue of a world without work by Daniel Susskind is engaged, a recipe is downloaded, a “very seriously.” machine is launched. Whether you listen c.2020, Metropolitan Books for it, or you’re so used to it that you At first blush, this book may feel $28.00 / $38.00 Canada don’t hear it anymore, the fact is that we more terrifying than a dystopian 320 pages need that click to happen. In the new novel. Susskind seems to share his book “A World Without Work” by Daniel information with calm, just-the-facts THE BOOKWORM Susskind, you’ll see if it doesn’t need us. neutrality, and it’s bleak. Close the SEZ they needed. Economics, and the back cover of “A World Without Work,” desire for possessions, are relaEvery time there’s new technology, By Terri Schlichenmeyer though, and let it settle. tively recent ideas, “propelled by there’s an accompanying outcry of doom sustained technological progress...” to go with it. It happened when automoIn a way, as Susskind proves, “work” biles took over for horses. It happened when e-books which ultimately impacts “not only the amount as we see it has been in flux for all modern employof work, but also the nature of that work.” We aren’t, ees for generations. It’s only recently many have were invented. We must presume it’ll happen with in other words, replaced by machines; but our work viewed that constant change with something the Next Big Thing. is “complemented” by them. approaching dread. This, and the subsequent essen“Yet those fears,” says Susskind, “time and again, Framed like this, and remembering that we should tial points that follow here, are explained simply have turned out to be misplaced.” look at a job’s various tasks rather than the overall and accessibly for readers with time but without For most of human history, work-for-pay didn’t job itself, we can see a clearer picture of technology’s MBAs. Mercifully, for those who mourn the Ghost of exist. Our ancient ancestors merely hunted what place in that job’s future. Employment Future and who want to reverse time, What we’re seeing now, however, is a “polarization Susskind leaves hope for you in the form of surprisingly not-so-new ideas. or hollowing out,” says Susskind, in which labor markets are “two-tiered.” There are plenty of jobs on While this book is not exactly a beach read, it’s the high end of the wage scale, and lots on the low filled with things all employees should know. If you end, but there aren’t many “middling-pay” jobs. worry about your future workday, “A World Without More education may help maintain a level of • 6 Year • Lowest Rates Work” should really click. Warranty employment, but that will depend on several factors. • Quality The Bookworm is Terri Schlichenmeyer. Terri has • Free Workmanship Ultimately, Susskind says, there won’t be enough been reading since she was 3 years old and never Estimates • Insured jobs available for everyone who wants one, which goes anywhere without a book. She lives in may lead to a total reassessment of what constitutes Wisconsin with three dogs and 10,000 books. v CALL Clint 507-528-2243 “a job.” The government will need to get involved. It Specializing in applying ribbed steel to barns, might mean a modified universal basic income, and garages and outbuildings.


THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

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Sweet? Cheesy? Meaty? There’s a fondue for you! Fondue Broth As I work on this column, the wind is hollowing, and the snow is blowing. It’s a 10-1/2 ounces can condensed beef broth frigid winter day, one that calls for some 2 cups red or white table wine recipes that will warm you up and bring 1 onion, minced a smile to your face. 1 garlic clove 1/2 teaspoon salt You can’t help but be in a good mood 1/2 teaspoon pepper when having fondue. It’s a great way to 1/2 teaspoon thyme cook — especially when you’re entertain1/2 teaspoon tarragon vinegar ing. Everyone gets involved, dunking COOKING WITH KRISTIN 1/2 teaspoon parsley their food in the fondue pot. Here are some of my best fondue recipes. * If you Combine ingredients. Cover and simmer for 15 By Kristin Kveno don’t have a fondue pot, you can use a minutes. Use to cook chicken, beef or shrimp. small slow cooker instead. n When you think of fondue, cheese is usually what comes to Now that the meat is cooked, these dipping sauces are the mind. Here’s a fabulous Swiss fondue that’s creamy, flavorful and perfect addition to the meat masterpieces. oh-so-delicious. Sauce Diable Swiss Fondue 3 garlic cloves, finely chopped 1 clove of garlic 1 medium onion, finely chopped 1 cup dry white wine or chicken broth 1/4 cup corn oil 1 pound Swiss cheese, grated 1 teaspoon cornstarch 2 teaspoons cornstarch 1/4 pickle, chopped black pepper, freshly ground 2 tablespoon white vinegar Rub pot with cut side of garlic and discard. Add wine or broth 1/2 cup ketchup and heat until bubbles begin to rise. Do not boil. Toss cheese 1/4 cup Worcestershire sauce with cornstarch and add to hot liquid, a handful at a time, cook1/2 teaspoon salt ing over low heat until cheese is melted and smooth. Stir con1 teaspoon dry mustard stantly with a wooden spoon. Tabasco sauce, as much as you like Serve with cubes of bread. Sauté garlic and onion in the oil until soft, not brown. Add n cornstarch and cook 1 minute, stirring constantly. Add chopped I still have a lot of sweet corn in our freezer from this summer. pickle, vinegar, ketchup and Worcestershire sauce. Bring to a boil, then add remaining ingredients. This recipe is a great use for sweet corn and has the added spice of Tabasco creating a wonderful, tangy fondue. Spicy Hawaiian Sauce Sweet Corn Fondue 14 ounces crushed pineapple, undrained 2 tablespoons water 1 ounce can tomato sauce 1 pound frozen corn kernels 2 tablespoons vinegar 2 teaspoons corn flour 1 tablespoon soy sauce 3 tablespoons light cream 1 teaspoon prepared mustard salt and pepper 1/8 teaspoon onion salt Tabasco sauce Combine ingredients and simmer for 15-20 minutes, stirring 2 tablespoon butter occasionally. Keep hot. Put water and corn is saucepan and simmer until tender, a few n minutes. Drain and place in food blender until soft but not too smooth. Mix corn flour and cream in second saucepan, blending Time to sweeten up the fondue. Dessert fondue to a great way until smooth. Add corn kernel mixture, cooking over low heat to end a delicious meal. Here’s two fun dessert fondue recipes until smooth. Pour into fondue pot, add spices. Beat in butter. Fresh Lemon Fondue Serve with raw vegetables. 1 cup sugar n 1/2 cup cornstarch Cheese fondue is amazing; but meat fondue is mighty good as 1/2 teaspoon salt well. This fondue is a fun way to cook meat to your liking and the 4 cups water flavor is exquisite. 2 tablespoon grated lemon rind 1/3 cup lemon juice 1/2 cup butter

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In fondue pot, combine sugar, cornstarch and salt. Gradually add water. Set heat at 325 degrees. Stir constantly until mixture thickens and reaches boil. Heat one more minute. Reduce to warm setting. Add lemon rind, juice and butter. Stir until well blended. Serve with brownies, fruit or angel food cake cubes. Butterscotch Fondue 1-1/3 cup light corn syrup 3 cups brown sugar 2/3 cup water 1/2 cup butter 1 teaspoon vanilla 2/3 cup whipping cream In fondue pot, combine syrup, brown sugar and water. Heat at 350 degrees and stir until boiling and reaches consistency of heavy cream, about 15 minutes. Reduce heat to warm. Add butter and stir until melted. Add vanilla and cream. Stir until well blended. Serve with angel food, pound or sponge cake cubes. Serve also with fruit. Whether you’re enjoying sweet or savory fondue, give these divine recipes a try. Happy dipping! Kristin Kveno scours the internet, pours over old family recipes and searches everywhere in between to find interesting food ideas for feeding your crew. Do you have a recipe you want to share? You can reach Kristin at kkveno@thelandonline.com. v

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THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

Hemp brokers offering grower contracts for 2020 By DICK HAGEN don’t yet have markets lined up, so the question is lighting which lets him grow three The Land Staff Writer Emeritus how much risk can we handle? If we do 1,000 acres, crops per calendar year. Olivia, Minnesota’s long-time ‘corn capital,’ might we’re sticking our necks out to cover about $800,000 What got Steinbach into growing be facing a new challenge. This Renville County com- in production costs for our growers. And that’s the his own hemp? Sleep apnea. “If you munity of 2,482 people could be sprouting a new title risk we and our growers are facing at this stage. grow the right strain, it will make as Minnesota’s hemp capital! That amazing and Essentially this first year we’re asking they grow the you feel better. I was doing mediciexciting information was presented to 42 potential crop; we’ll process and deliver to the market; we’re nal hemp before medicinal was the offering 15-cents per pound. It’s like a partnership new hemp farmers on Feb. 27 in Olivia. thing. I started growing my own agreement: You grow it; we’ll get it sold.” Jon Steinbach hemp and it certainly cleaned up my Entrepreneurs of this ambitious development are So obviously, faith and confidence between growers problem.” (This was in the early Tim and Paul Seehusen, brothers and sons of Jim Seehusen who 42 years earlier started up his own and the Seehusen crew is a must this first year. Tim 1990s he said.) is well known to many area farmers. For the past 23 agricultural business, Pro “Working with the Seehusen team, I’ll be a research years he owned and operated Square One, a local grower working on industrial hemp varieties for this Equipment Sales. Pro Equipment building supply business in Olivia. specialized in steel bins for on-farm area. I won’t be doing official testing; that’s the job of storage of corn and soybeans — Seehusen had previously talked with most farmers the Minnesota Department of Agriculture. But I’m mostly a new concept to farmers attending this Feb 27 meeting. He estimates most just 20 miles down the road from Olivia so we can some 40 years ago. growers will be doing at least 20 acres; a potential easily connect on some of these projects.” $16,000 start-up investment cost. Tim knows farmTim Seehusen, Chief Operations Steinbach is enthusiastic about hemp out here in ers. “Most have told me ‘I can handle that.’ We have Prairie Country. “I salute what the Seehusen guys Officer of prairiePROducers, admits some of his dad’s ambition very Tim Seehusen tremendous farmers in this area. They are risk tak- are doing. They’re taking that first big step! I believe ers every year, but their crops always get planted. this crop can be a new cash crop for smart growers likely seeped into the veins of he and his brother Paul. That’s evident in their getting on board the ‘hemp train’ now pickmarketing tag line, “It’s not the future — It’s ing up momentum with Minnesota farmers.” today! A Renville County sugar beet grower at At this Olivia meeting, Tim commented, this Feb 27 meeting now has two years’ “You bet we’re excited; but we’re also cauexperience growing hemp. Marketing is the tious — especially in view of the economic biggest challenge, he said adding, “I think ST. PAUL — Those wanting to grow or process hemp in Minnesota it’s overstated how hard a crop it is to grow. squeeze of agriculture these days. We were in 2020 must apply for a license with the Minnesota Department of Getting it out of the ground is sort of like shooting for 1,000 to 1,250 acres this initial Agriculture by March 31. growing season. But even starting with 500 sugar beets … you have that nervous acres will be okay. As everyone knows, the This is the fifth year of the state’s Industrial Hemp Program. Last moment waiting for the crop to emerge. But Industrial hemp program is still in its infan- year, 550 people held licenses to grow or process hemp. Over 7,300 once up, it grows fast. It’s not a difficult crop cy. But farmer interest in growing the crop is acres and 400,000 indoor square feet were planted in Minnesota. to grow.” incredible. He plants in 7-inch rows on irrigated sand “We believe in the potential of the developing industry,” said “Our challenge will be to find the buyers. Assistant Agriculture Commissioner Whitney Place. “We want to soils which he thinks is helpful for this crop. Yes, all sorts of talk about the growing mul- ensure that everyone who would like to grow and process hemp in He said on black dirt you can get crusting titude of new products made from hemp. Minnesota is able to do so. They simply need to apply by March 31.” problems — just like in sugar beets. Is he And some manufacturers are already on the expanding for 2020? “Maybe … that 15-cent The online application for growers and processors can be found on market might convince me. I’m encouraged. scene in Minnesota and the Fargo/Morehead area. So we’re confident markets will be the MDA website at www.mda.state.mn.us/industrialhemp. Along I think the Seehusens are on the right with the online form, first-time applicants need to submit finger- track.” developing. prints and pass a criminal background check. ‘We’ll start this fall building a receiving And he’s encouraged about the future of Questions about the MDA’s Hemp Program should be sent hemp. “My son is only 12 and he really and handling facility here at our Olivia headquarters. We’ve gathered lots of data on to hemp.mda@state.mn.us; or call (651) 201-6600. wants to farm. By then I think hemp will be production costs to grow hemp. An $800 cost This article was submitted by the Minnesota Department of in full production. I think hemp will be a per acre — which includes land costs — is Agriculture. v rotational crop for a lot of guys here today. the figure we’re working with right now. We Reliable markets are the key.” Each day as we move along, I’ll have more knowledge AURI Project Development Director Harold d on our prospective buyers. And that’s why we offer Stanislawski spoke at this Feb. 27 meeting. AURI’s that 15-cent startup contract price. (Agricultural Utilization Research Institute) mission “Our growers know an early start on this new crop is to assist new ventures, new products for long-term gets them ahead of the learning curve. Once this benefit through value-added agricultural products. hemp industry kicks into gear, we’ll have competiStanislawski brought a piece of hemp wood made tion. At this stage I’m counting a number of area from hemp fiber by a Kentucky firm Fiber Ogee. farmers to get on board.” “This is a bio-composite product made into hemp Already on board is Jon Steinbach of Redwood board for flooring, or even higher end products that SOUTHWEST MINNESOTA Daniel & Terese Hall Falls, Minn. He’s familiar with hemp for CBD prod- might go into cabinet doors. Hemp fiber used in these 40133 - 620th Ave. ucts and medicinal uses. He’s an indoor grower using cabinet doors strengthens them considerably. Its Butterfield, MN 56120 a large heated building with air filtration and LED See HEMP, pg. 11 507-956-2657

Hemp license applications due March 31


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Pedogenisis provides fertilizer options for organic farmers By KRISTIN KEVENO The Land Staff Writer David Nelson has a passion for helping farmers grow the best crops possible. Nelson is the owner of Pedogenesis, Inc. located in Campbell, Minn. David Nelson Pedogenesis is a company that works with farmers to solve production issues. Nelson believes that it all begins in the soil. Nelson grew up in Roseau, Minn. and received an agronomy degree from the University of Minnesota. Opportunities led to Nelson and his wife Vickie to relocate to Colorado and start a chemical and pesticide-free lawn care business. It was during that time in 1991, that Nelson met Neal Kinsey. Kinsey is owner of Kinsey Agricultural Service, Inc. and a proponent of individualized soil and fertility care. He followed the teachings of Prof. William A. Albrecht who was an expert on the connection between the soil fertility and human health. The opportunity to gain insight from Kinsey was instrumental in Nelson’s lawn care business and subsequently in Pedogenesis. Wanting to move back to the Midwest, Nelson sold his lawn care business in 1997 and relocated to the Wahpeton, N.D. area. Nelson started consulting work with farmers and in 2009 took the leap — creating Pedogenesis in

Campbell, Minn., which is located just east of the border with North Dakota. “We consult with people.” Nelson works with farmers to help them produce higher yielding crops through Pedogenesis fertilizer, weed control, monitoring crop progress as well as aiding in marketing the crop. “Most of our clients are within 300 miles.” Though Nelson has shipped fertilizer to clients as far away as Maine and Arizona. “Most of our clients have organic acres — yellow corn, blue corn, food-grade soybeans, wheat, barley and oats,” he said. “We started building a facility to house all the products I talk about.” Nelson can combine custom blend liquid with dry blends for one-pass fertilizer coverage. Besides Nelson and his wife, Pedogenesis employs one salesperson and four people to work in the fertilizer plant. There is 50,000 conventional acres and 130,000 organic acres that Pedogenesis is currently working with. How are his clients feeling with planting just a few months away? “A lot of our clients are fairly positive.” Especially organic farmers. “There’s a lot of big buyers (for organic crops).” “It takes more money to put in an organic crop and take it off,” Nelson said. Though he believes that farmers can make three times more money See PEDOGENESIS, pg. 10


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ROP seeks to provide input on organic standards

By TIM KING The Land Correspondent FAIRFIELD, Iowa – A nationwide group of organic farmers is deeply disappointed with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s interpretation of the rules of organic agriculture. So they’ve started a new program called the Real Organic Project which they believe will make up for USDA’s shortcomings. In 2017, the National Organic Standards Board met in Jacksonville, Florida. The NOSB is a 15-member advisory board which makes recommendations to the USDA regarding what is – or isn’t – considered organic. Since organics is a $50 billion dollar industry and NOSB’s advice is usually taken, the Board’s decisions are worth their weight in gold. On the agenda at the Jacksonville meeting was the question as to whether or not hydroponic production could receive the coveted USDA certified organic label. It was a contentious issue. USDA had been certifying soilless hydroponic vegetable and fruit production as organic; but the rules were not clear. There was a vocal group who claimed organic agriculture, by it’s very nature, required soil. They were opposed to certifying hydroponic production. “We drafted a proposal to prohibit organic certification of hydroponic production,” said Francis Thicke, an Iowa dairy farmer who was chair of NOSB’s Crops subcommittee at the time. “We thought our proposal was a compromise because it allowed container production if it had a minimum amount of soil or compost in the pot. We lost the vote.” In addition to losing the vote on hydroponics, Thicke and other farmers had seen the NOSB erode the organic standards for poultry and dairy producRUCTIONS Please read attached email tion. “There were about 50 farmers at that meeting,” EP NAMES ALREADY ON AD LANDour 3.7461 x Thicke said. “They had come THE to support hydro-


ponics resolution. They were very disturbed by the vote and felt they had to do something. So a bunch of them got together and started the Real Organic Project.” The Real Organic Project is an add-on to USDA’s certified organic label. It addresses four key issues farmers felt USDA was compromising on. Farmers who are ROP-certified are certified under the USDA program. Additionally, they agree not to participate in hyproponic production. They also agree to provide all ROP-certified poultry access to the outdoors and to provide livestock ready access to pasture. “The fourth issue is the conversion of livestock,” said Thicke. “It appears that a lot of the big confinement dairies are converting conventionally-raised animals to organic in one year; but to be certified organic, they should be raised as organic from birth. But it seems that there’s a loop hole and that some organic certifiers are allowing them to be organic in one year. I think that’s one of the reasons that organic dairy has gone bust. They’ve converted all these cows from conventional to organic and there’s an over-supply of milk.” After developing a set of certification rules, ROP began certifying organic farms in 2018. Currently, ROP has it’s own team of certifiers; but Thicke says they are working with a few trusted USDA certifiers to also do ROP certification inspections. “The ROP inspection is pretty straightforward and having both inspections done at one time will be really convenient,” said Thicke. As of the end of 2019, several hundred farmers around the country – including 15 in Minnesota and seven in Iowa – had become ROP certified. “The organic label is a trust — an agreement — between organic farmers and consumers that the ”farmer will produce food according to the organic

standards, and the consumer will have confidence that the food they buy is truly organic,” Thicke said. “Unfortunately, because of the erosion of the National Organic Standards in recent years, that trust has broken down and consumers are losing confidence that certified organic food is truly raised in accord with real organic methods.” The break down in the agreement between farmers and consumers has taken place because corporate interests have slowly pushed farmers off the National Organic Standards Board. There are no longer any farmers on the NOSB, according to Thicke. “Some corporations are into organics to collect the premium that you can get with the USDA certified organic label; but they want to get that premium at the lowest possible cost,” he said. “Organics isn’t a philosophy for them, but a question of profit margins.” But organics is a philosophy for the farmers who founded, and are certified by, the Real Organic Project – and they want to partner with like-minded farmers. “I serve on the ROP standards board,” Thicke said. “We have heard from lots of consumers that say they are unhappy with the USDA’s erosion of the National Organic Standards and that they are very supportive of our efforts to re-establish trust in the organic standards.” Thicke says he, and other ROP farmers, are committed to producing organic food that meets, or exceeds, the organic standards consumers expect – those originally specified in the National Organic Standards. Only by doing so will they regain the agreement of trust between organic farmers and consumers. For more information on the Real Organic Project visit https://www.realorganicproject.org. v

Nelson works with growers in the fall to address issues PEDOGENESIS, from pg. 9 growing organic than conventional. “We’re trying to make mineral dense food and feed.” That’s the ultimate goal Nelson has for his clients. He doesn’t sell seed, but “I recommend seed compa-

nies that I’ve worked with in the past.” Nelson feels the majority of farmers he works with learn best by seeing and doing, which is why he hosts hands-on seminars and field days for his clients. His best piece of advice for farmers is simple. “Apply your fertility when your crop actually needs it.” Nelson believes that bugs and disease are symptoms of nutrient defiencies. He explains that weeds tell one story, insects tell another. What is the biggest challenge Pedogenesis faces? “Building trust. People don’t know what to believe.” What other farmers say about him has helped him through the years. “We work off of referrals.” Nelson knows that the bottom line is imperative. “We guarantee that we won’t be higher than any other company.” Ideally, Nelson likes to begin working with his clients in the fall. “We really need to start in the fall, so

we’re ready for the spring.” He likes to get the issues addressed at that time and get the fields soil sampled then. Nelson works with farmers that utilize a variety of field practices. “We can work with full tillage, all the way up to no-tillage.” “We believe in cover crops.” He’s a proponent of keeping something growing in the field at all growing times. There’s optimism for a better year for farmers and Nelson shares that optimism. Working with farmers on improving soil health — and ultimately their yields — has been something that Nelson continues to be fervent about. “Our work is custom for field, for f a r m .” v

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USDA hemp approval spawns many end product users HEMP, from pg. 8 heavy stuff … this particular piece could be used in flooring. It could be stained and treated many different ways to give a variety of looks and design. “AURI is pleased to be working with companies interested in new uses of hemp fiber,” he went on to say. “Even building products such as Hemp Crete blocks for structural walls in homes, Harold commercial buildings, Stanislawski etc. There’s a company in Fargo using hemp resins to make things such as coffee cups, tooth brushes, even eye glass frames, all from hemp. And we soon will be working with some Minnesota packaging companies that have contacted us about the potential of hemp fibers in packaging — anything from cardboard boxes to carpeting. “Obviously, new end-product users are coming along regularly now that industrial hemp is recognized by USDA as a renewed commodity. AURI is committed to working with the hemp

industry by providing value-added ag research, laboratory analysis, business and technical services, and a network of science and business professionals. Please connect with us via our website at www.auri.org.” Stanislawski mentioned AURI people are also meeting with the Minnesota Department of Transportation. “When new roads are being built, rubber erosion control mats are placed on the ditch banks and surrounding drainage structures. That’s a pretty big market for the Minnesota Department of Transportation. They have told us they would love to switch over to some hemp products — thinking hemp mats would simply last much longer. They’re under mandate from the Erosion Control Agency to move away from rubberbased mats. This potentially could be a huge new market for a hemp-based fiber mat.” “Two Canadian firms have invited us to see their factories making these hemp based erosion control mats and their hemp-crete building blocks. So why re-invent the wheel? If we can learn from our Canadian neighbors, who are already into this manufacturing process, we should bring this knowl-

Organizations are seeking organic producer input The Organic Farming Research Foundation and Organic Seed Alliance are in the process of conducting two surveys. One survey is for certified organic producers and the other for producers transitioning to organic certification. This collaborative effort is part of a USDA-funded project seeking to learn more about the challenges and research priorities of organic farmers and ranchers, and those transitioning land to certified organic production. Data from the survey allows OFRF and OSA to provide data for federal funding for organic research. The survey for certified organic farmer/ranchers can be found on the inter-

net at www.opinion.wsu.edu/organicproduction Farmers and ranchers who are transitioning to certified organic production (this means no land currently certified organic) can find their survey at www.opinion.wsu.edu/transitionproducers The survey is being administered by Washington State University and all responses will be kept confidential. Questions about the survey may be directed to Lauren Scott at lauren.n.scott@wsu.edu or 1-800-8330867. This article was submitted by the Organic Farming Research Foundation. v

edge back to potential Minnesota processors. Who knows? Maybe even the Seehusens right here in Olivia.” “Just this morning I got a call from a Minnesota company wanting to get into new packaging materials using hemp as the prime ingredient. Suffice to say, hemp potentially is a rapidly expanding new industry for Minnesota,” said Stanislawski. He mentioned visiting with Ford Motor Company in Georgia and hearing about the bio-based materials now being used in their automobiles. “I asked her about hemp. She replied, ‘Oh yes, we’ve got lots of uses for hemp products in various components of our vehicles. It’s stronger, lasts longer and doesn’t rust like metallic substances. But she reminded me that it must not be more expensive than the current products they are using” Stanislawski also mentioned a product called grapheme. It is mined from the earth to make super capacitator batteries. Hemp can be the carbon-like graphene source for that usage; and it would be much cheaper than extracting this product from the earth. The AURI offices at Marshall, Crookston and Waseca provide services both to growers and processors. Check the MDA website for a listing of the various hemp seed varieties they have tested; and lists of some of the characteristics of the oils. It’s important to note you must be a

grower licensed by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture before crop insurance agencies will write up hemp coverage insurance. March 31 is the license deadline to become a 2020 certified hemp grower in Minnesota. Licensing cost is $400. Your hemp field will be walked and pre-harvest samples are cut 25 to 30 days ahead of harvest. If tested above a 0.3 percent THC level, the field must be destroyed. The 2018 farm bill spells out that industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L) contains no more than 0.3 percent THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol). For licensing information, contact Margaret Wiatrowski who is the Industrial Hemp Program Coordinator with the Minnesota Department of Agriculture. Her email address is Margaret.wiatrowski@state.mn.us. Her phone number is (651) 587-6795. Seed costs are about $6 per pound. At a 40-pound per acre seeding rate, that’s $240. However, with a yield of 8,000 pounds per acre at 15-cents, you have a $1,200 gross revenue expectation and $400 per acre net. A seed source spokesperson reminded you must be a registered and licensed grower to buy hemp seed. “We will have a pre-planting meeting to go through all the agronomics information that you’ll need. And we will also follow that crop through the course of the year to make sure there aren’t any hiccups.” v

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Association advises farmers in southwest Minnesota By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus LAMBERTON, Minn. — “There’s room for beginning young farmers too.” That comment came from Garen Paulson to set the stage for his presentation, “Emerging farm financial and profitability trends for southwest Minnesota.” Paulson is a Garen Paulson Southwest Minnesota Farm Business Association Extension educator and spoke at the Feb. 5 Winter Crops and Soils Day. The event took place at the Southwest Research and Outlook Center in Lamberton, Minn. The Southwest Minnesota Farm Business Management Association is a membership-led organization of farms throughout southwestern Minnesota. After his presentation, Paulson shared some thoughts and information with The Land. “Yes, we know it takes huge amounts of money and savvy, but agriculture depends upon young blood to take that first step into farming. But if they can find a way to be just a little bit better than average, there’s room for young beginners,” said Paulson. He cautioned, “Often they need a part-time job on the side to help get them started. Often they work with a dad or an uncle. Fully a third to nearly half of the farmers in our association have off-farm employment to help financially sustain their farming business.” The Southwest Minnesota Farm Business Association has 120 members. Paulson said the average age of those members is about 50; median farm size is about 1,000 acres. Those with livestock have fewer acres. Paulson feels the current trend towards later marriage and smaller families will continue. “Young people are recognizing that raising kids takes a lot of money. Sure, kids and family living is the real trea-


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sure of farm life. It’s just part of this great tradition that makes country life something special. But learning early on the vital importance of understanding the focus of what pays the bills is what sustains the success of your farming career,” said Paulson. So is the trend of fewer but bigger inevitable in American agriculture? Paulson reminded his audience efficiency is more important than volume and size. “I’ve got some very big farmers in the low-profit group and also some very big farmers in the high-profit group. But I also have some small farmers doing very well.” His data shows 2011-12 net farm income nudging just under $400,000; but plunging to about $80,000 for 2018. He doesn’t yet have 2019 data. However, during that same time frame, the ‘high 20-percent group’ averaged nearly $900,000 net farm income in 2011-12 and declining to about $230,000 for 2018. The ‘low 20-percent group’ mustered only about $100,000 in 2011-12 and registered negative net farm income of minus $50,000 for 2018. Paulson explained a lot of his farmers who are very efficient — and maybe have a second job in town — don’t need to be the biggest. “Yes, they don’t ring the top bell, but they don’t get washed out during the financial crises of the past four-to-five years either.” He said the liquidity ratio of farmers in the Association reached a high of 3.3 in 2011 and sits at about 1.8 currently. Current debt-to-asset ratio stands at 23 percent and has been relatively stable during the past five years. One of his first instructions to member farmers is to calculate their real family living expenses and then set budgets accordingly. When talking financial efficiency, Paulson lists four key elements: cost management improvement; as margins tighten, good cost structures are even more important; all farms should improve financial efficiency; and interest costs are rising. I asked Paulson if there is a growing opportunity in niche farming — even hemp? He cut to the quick. “The biggest issue with niche farming is this simple fact: Is there a market? Make sure you know your market before you start growing hemp — despite the high interest it is generating.” Are farmers financially being squeezed because of their own success? Is too much technology, too many inputs creating more production than the market can assimilate? “We’ve developed systems to grow good crops. I think we need to spend just as much time and effort

in growing good markets,” Paulson said. “More exports into other countries — especially China and this new trade agreement with Canada and Mexico should help. Yet we need to keep U.S. productivity competitive so we keep up with the agricultural productivity of other countries. We’re in a world economy now, so we need to have trade agreements with other nations. I’m told that once you lose some of these foreign markets, it’s hard to get them back.” Are older farmers tending to retire sooner to protect their own assets? Paulson acknowledged that is happening; but also reminded that a lot of farmers continue well past retirement age simply because they enjoy their farming life — plus today’s machinery enables them to farm with less physical effort. Paulson also said Minnesota farmers have an advantage in profitability. It’s the weather. He explains, “We’ve had relatively stable yields compared with other areas. Yes, 2019 might be the exception, but this stability is why farming in southern Minnesota has been quite profitable over the years. We haven’t seen the variation in yields that some parts of the country have experienced. Yes, the last couple years have been below trend line yields; but year in and year out, we grow pretty good crops here in southern Minnesota.” He also says crop insurance is simply a necessary precaution in farming these days. “It’s impossible to predict whether we will have above trend-line yields or below. Crop insurance is your reliable protector.” And that means checking with local crop insurance agents before March 31. Paulson predicts it is “very likely” farming is going to be profitable in 2020, “…if producers use the risk management tools they have available, they do a good job of marketing, and the weather is with us.” Note the three ‘ifs’ in his response. Paulson has a farming partner. This is his son Zach’s second year of farming with his dad after graduating from South Dakota State University. (The same school his dad attended.) “He’s what makes this job possible,” Paulson admitted. “I work part time for the University directing the Southwest Farm Business Association. My son majored in agronomy and economics. Yes, he has brought things into our farming operation I hadn’t thought of. Yes, higher education works in the farming business too!” The Paulson’s farm occupies approximately 1,000 acres between Jackson and Windom, Minn. on both owned and rented land. Paulson can be reached via email at gpaulson@ umn.edu. His office phone number is (507) 752-5081. v

Nominate schools for STEM grants America’s Farmers Grow Rural Education is partnering with farmers to help strengthen rural public school districts through $15,000 STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) grants. To nominate their local school district for a Grow

Rural Education grant, eligible farmers in Minnesota can visit AmericasFarmers.com by April 1 and complete the nomination form. This article was submitted by americasfarmers. com. v

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Weather patterns could influence future crop decisions By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus RENVILLE, Minn. — Listening to Dr. Jerry Hatfield is a delightful challenge because he stretches your mind into serious thinking about the future of our agricultural landscape — both in the United States and around the world. Hatfield is a retired U.S. Department of Agriculture plant scientist and former director of the National Soil Tilth Laboratory (renamed the Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment in October 2009). He spoke at the Reduced Tillage and Cover Crop event on Feb. 18. The gathering was hosted by the Renville County Soil and Water Conservation District and the Hawk Creek Watershed Project people. In view of the changing weather scenario, Hatfield said, “Water management is going to be our number-one issue in preserving agriculture across the Midwest.” Hatfield commented that weather extremes are increasing in frequency with more spring rains happening and fewer summer rains when crops are most in need of water. “On a world-wide basis, we really have a limited supply of food right now. In 20 years we’ll have a shrinking land base to grow these crops, which means more productivity per unit of land will be needed. Yet we continue to degrade our land (world wide) making it more susceptible to weather disturbances. So skew these variations of temperature and precipitation over a world land base becoming more vulnerable to weather variations and food production

will vary more dramatically,” acknowledged Hatfield. He reminded his Renville audience that more capacity for water stress is on the landscape, adding, Jerry Hatfield “Climate determines where we grow a crop; weather determines how much we produce.” Yet our spring growing season is shortening. Hatfield noted that weather scientists of the upper Midwest are saying we now have five less ‘working days’ for getting crops planted in that sixweek, mid-March/April 30 time frame. As many crop farmers are noting, water management is rapidly becoming the ‘how-to’ issue for preserving the future of agriculture. In essence, this means changing farming strategies to accommodate the changing weather seasons. Hatfield says we have more eco-system impact other than just productivity from our soils. “You look at water quality as part of the eco system. You look at pollinator habitat as part of the eco system. You look at the cultural aspects, such as hunting and fishing habitat, as part of the eco system. Recognize that many people value agricultural landscape from an entirely different perspective than we do … but that’s part of the eco system we all live in. And that does prompt different decisions,” said Hatfield. This starts with every farmer establishing long-term goals for his/her farmland and then asking the big question: How do you get there? “I think we

need to ask farmers different questions,” Hatfield suggested. And he’s not concerned whether you are growing corn, or soybeans, or lettuce or grapes, or any crop. All agriculture today is suffering from these problems of the growing intensity of crop production and the continual degradation of soil health. “Farming is working a biological system; yet we think we can manipulate this system to respond exactly the way we would desire,” stated Hatfield. “But all farmers realize there are always bumps and wiggles that we don’t fully understand. Working in some of our environmental chambers, we’ve witnessed doubling of organic content in our soils in 6 to 8 years. So we’re much aware that working with crop rotations, reduced tillage, and cover crops — even involving small grains — we can significantly improve soil health and biological activity. “I’m aware you have very intensive farming in this area. Your SWCD folks are telling me more and more farmers are switching into this ‘farming for the future’ concept. I congratulate them — especially in view of the agricultural economic crunch of the past few years. A drier, warmer spring I’m certain would be welcomed by all. But farming to rebuild your soils is the thinking mode we should all be in — regardless of your weather outlook for this spring,” summed up Hatfield, adding “Ingenuity in agriculture that promotes diversity with a viable crop for the end user is our challenge.” Will the corn and soybeans we grow today be significantly different 20 years from now to better fit this changing

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weather scenario? Hatfield responded, “Today, no one knows the answer. Will both crops continue their movement into the western and northern geographies of the United States? Or will these variable weather patterns become such a risk factor that corn and soybeans become questionable crop choices? Perhaps winter crops will predominate because the variable heat and rainfall starts limiting spring crops.” Hatfield definitely predicts an increasing diversity of crop mix. “With the increasingly schizophrenic weather and climate, we’re looking at higher risk profiles. And that likely will suggest a mixture of spring crops, summer crops, even winter crops to spread risks over a longer season.” Hatfield added he’s not encouraged the U.S. farm bill can rectify what is happening to our landscape. “One would hope that increasing emphasis on conservation practices and crop diversity will continue. But our farm bills really promote monocultures. Yet we know the long-term values of our land resources are not enhanced that way. We really need to promote much more diversity into our rural landscape.” “Who’s to say the current trend of wetter and warmer cycles will continue indefinitely? We’ve had both dry and wet cycles since man started to till the soils. We don’t quite understand these huge phenomena that we call ‘earth weather’ and its total impact on all the variable events within a given year. Even man’s impact is tempered by what these natural earth systems are doing.” v

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THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

USDA Ag Outlook Forum projects crop increases for 2020 Each year in late February, the U.S. tion are expected to show more modest Department of Agriculture’s Ag Outlook increases than livestock receipts, likely Forum is held in Washington, DC. The Ag reflecting the lower 2019 crop yields in Outlook Forum is usually the first USDA many areas. Total cash expenses for farm projection for expected crop acreage for production are expected to decrease by the coming growing season, as well as $1.3 billion in 2020, compared to last other current economic conditions in the year. agriculture industry. The latest Forum One concern raised during the Ag projected increases in the level of both Outlook Forum was the rapidly rising U.S. corn and soybean acreage for 2020, as FARM PROGRAMS level of farm debt. Total farm debt in the well as forecasting the continuation modU.S. is expected to increase by 2.3 percent By Kent Thiesse est price levels and tight profit margins in 2020 to $425 billion, which is now for the coming year. approaching the record farm debt level of $440 bilBased on the USDA projections, U.S. farm income lion in 1980. Total farm assets are projected to only levels in 2020 are expected to both increase and increase by 1.3 percent during the current year, decrease — depending on which farm income calcula- which will likely result in an increase in the total tion is being considered. Total net farm income in the U.S. farm debt-to-asset ratio for the sixth straight United States is expected to increase by 3.3 percent year in 2020. The farm-level working capital is proin 2020 to $96.7 billion. This is a $3.1 billion increase jected to decline by another 15 percent in 2020, after from the 2019 income level. The projected 2020 net declining by 12.7 percent in 2019. Many farm operafarm income is well above the lowest annual U.S. net tors have had to refinance debt in recent years, due farm income level in the past decade of $52 billion in to low farm profit levels and inability to fully repay 2016. However, the 2020 income level is still 22 per- annual farm operating loans. One piece of good news cent below the highest level in the past decade in is that farm interest rates are expected to remain 2013. quite low throughout 2020. Net farm income is the year-to-year, accrual-adjustMost agricultural economists point out that the ed farm income which is based on changes in the current farm financial stress has not reached the value of year-end inventories, reflecting total crop levels or magnitude of the 1980’s farm financial production in the year, among other factors. The level crisis. However, they are concerned about the conof grain inventories for farm operators in many areas tinued slow deterioration of the U.S. agricultural are expected to increase by the end of 2020, due to economy. In recent years, there has been an averincreased crop acreage and a return to near trend- age of less than three farm bankruptcies per line crop yields. Year-end inventory adjustments 10,000 farms, which compares to 23 bankruptcies were reduced in 2019 due to the reduced crop yields per 10,000 farms at the height of the 1980’s farm in many areas of the United States — including the crisis. upper Midwest. Following are the projections from the USDA Ag The net cash income on U.S. farms in 2020 is Outlook Forum for U.S. crop acreage, yield, producexpected to decrease to $109.6 billion, which is a tion, and price estimates for the major U.S. crops in decrease of 9 percent from the 2019 cash income level 2020: of $120.4 billion. Net cash income records farm Total U.S. acreage planted to corn, soybeans, wheat income from crop and livestock sales, as well as other and cotton in 2020 is estimated at 236.5 million sources; and farm expenses during the calendar year acres, which is an increase of 11.7 million acres or 5.2 in which they occur. The biggest factor in the pro- percent from last year. This increase in crop acreage jected drop in net cash income in 2020 is the esti- this year largely reflects the record level of prevented mated decline of $8.7 billion in government farm plant crop acres in 2019. program payments. The calculation included only Corn — U.S. corn acreage is estimated at 94 million $3.69 billion in market facilitation program payacres for 2020, which is up from the 2019 planted ments in 2020, which represents the third 2019 MFP payment farmers received in February this year. By corn acreage of 89.7 million acres and would be the comparison, cash receipts from MFP payments in highest corn acreage level since 2016. USDA is projecting a trend line national average corn yield of 2019 totaled $14.3 billion. 178.5 bushels per acre in 2020, which would result in Even with the significant decline in MFP pay- an estimated total U.S. corn production of 15.46 bilments, total cash receipts for all U.S. farm com- lion bushels. This compares to U.S. average corn modities is expected to increase by over $10 billion yields of 168 bushels per acre in 2019 and 176.4 in 2020, as compared to a year earlier. Cash receipts bushels per acre in 2018, and total corn production from livestock production are expected to show the levels of 13.7 billion bushels in 2019 and 14.3 billion greatest increase in 2020, with receipts from hog bushels in 2018. USDA estimated the 2020-21 corn production expected to increase by 18.4 percent and ending stocks to increase to 2.637 billion bushels, milk receipts to increase by 5.2 percent, both reflect- with a market-year average price of $3.60 per bushel. ing increased production and higher estimated This compares to the current estimated 2019-20 corn prices during 2020. Cash receipts from crop produc-

ending stocks of 1.9 billion bushels, and a projected average market year average price of $3.80 per bushel. Soybeans — U.S. soybean acreage is also expected to increase in 2020 to 85 million acres, which is up from 76.1 million acres in 2019. However, soybean acreage in 2020 would be well below acreage levels in 2017 and 2018. USDA is estimating the 2018 trend line soybean yield at 49.8 bushels per acre. This compares to a U.S. soybean yield of 47.4 bushels per acre in 2019, but would be below the record U.S. soybean yield of 52 bushels per acre in 2016. Total 2020 U.S. soybean production is projected at nearly 4.2 billion bushels, compared to just under 3.6 billion bushels in 2019. The soybean ending stocks for 2020-21 are estimated expected to decline to 320 million bushels, which compares to 425 million bushels in 2019-20 and a record 909 million bushels in 2018-19. USDA projects an average farm-level market year average soybean price of $8.80 for the 2020-21 marketing year, compared to an estimated market year average price of $8.70 per bushel for the current year and a final market year average price of $8.48 per bushel for 2018-19. Wheat — U.S. wheat acreage in 2020 is projected to be 45 million acres, which is similar to the 45.2 million planted wheat acres in 2019. This reflects a trend of continued lower U.S. wheat acreage compared to 2013-2016 wheat acreage levels. USDA is estimating the 2020 national average wheat yield at 48.2 bushels per acre, with a total production of over 1.83 billion bushels, which compares to a wheat yield of 51.7 bushels per acre and a total production of 1.92 billion bushels in 2019. USDA is projecting an average market year average price of $4.90 per bushel for the 2020-21 marketing year, compared to the current estimate of $4.55 per bushel for the 2019-20 year. Economists at the USDA Forum expect farm land values in most major crop producing areas of the United States to remain fairly stable in the next 12 months. Many ag lenders reported much tighter scrutiny by federal and state bank examiners on agriculture related loans, which could make ag credit more difficult for farm operators facing financial challenges. Economists are wondering what the impact of the recent trade agreements with China, Mexico, Canada and Japan will mean for the financial strength of the agriculture industry going forward. Of course, the attention in recent weeks has now been focused on the economic impacts due to the spreading coronavirus. Most of the agriculture financial experts are expecting the tight margins and farm financial challenges to continue in the next couple of years. However, none of the experts were predicting a repeat of the farm financial crisis of the 1980’s. Kent Thiesse is a government farm programs analyst and a vice president at MinnStar Bank in Lake Crystal, Minn. He may be reached at (507) 726-2137 or kent.thiesse@minnstarbank.com. v

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THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020


Kurzawski: ‘People are not going to stop eating’


This column was written for the marketing week ending March 13. On Jan. 30, the World Health Organization declared coronavirus a global health emergency. First identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, the virus now known as COVID-19, was declared a global pandemic by the WHO. Wall Street saw its worst slide since the Black Monday crash of 1987 on March 12 and you only need to read the headlines to see the many other consequences of this outbreak. The National Basketball Association has suspended its season, President Trump addressed the nation over it this week and banned travel to and from most of Europe for 30 days, and even the Chicago Mercantile Exchange announced it would close its trading floor on March 13.

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THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

Dairy Export Council announces China tariff exemptions MIELKE, from pg. 15 that. Class III futures from peak to trough are down about 15 percent, according to Kurzawski, and Class IV prices are down about 17 percent “and there may be more downside to come; but I don’t believe demand is going to curl up and die here.” n On a brighter trade note, the March 6 Dairy and Food Market Analyst reported the U.S. Dairy Export Council announced China has granted “at least a half-dozen tariff exemptions” for U.S. importers on a range of products — including skim milk powder, whey powder, lactose, whey protein concentrate and cheese. The Analyst says the concession “comes after China announced last month that it would exempt about 700 products from trade war tariffs. Cheese was not on the previously-announced tariff exemption list, which suggests China may be willing to remove trade war tariffs on all American dairy products and has, in effect, ended the trade war on U.S. dairy.” Meanwhile, the U.S. Department of Agriculture raised its 2020 milk production forecast in the latest World Agricultural Supply and Demand

Estimates report, based on a higher expected cow inventory. 2020 production and marketings were estimated at 222.3 and 221.2 billion pounds respectively, up 300 million pounds on production and 200 million on marketings. If realized, 2020 production would be up 3.9 billion pounds or 1.8 percent from 2019. The 2020 fat basis import forecast was raised from the previous month on recent trade data and stronger anticipated imports of cheese and butterfat products. The fat basis export forecast was reduced on slower expected demand in the first half of the year. The skim-solids basis import forecast was raised on stronger imports of cheese, milk proteins, and other dairy products. The skim-solids basis export forecast was raised on expectations of continued strength in international demand. Annual product price forecasts for cheese, butter, and nonfat dry milk were lowered; but the whey price forecast was raised. The Class III milk price estimate was reduced on the lower cheese price forecast and is now projected to average $16.65 per hundredweight, down 30 cents from last month’s estimate, and compares to $16.96 in 2019 and $14.61

in 2018. The Class IV price was reduced on lower butter and nonfat dry milk price forecasts and is expected to average $15.75. This is down 95 cents from last month’s projection and compares to $16.30 in 2019 and $14.23 in 2018. n This month’s 2019-20 U.S. corn supply and use outlook is unchanged relative to last month. The season-average corn price received by producers was lowered 5 cents to $3.80 per bushel based on observed prices to date. With soybean crush and exports projected at 2.1 billion bushels and 1.8 billion bushels, respectively, ending stocks remain at 425 million bushels, down 484 million from last year’s record. Soybean and soybean oil prices were reduced this month.   The U.S. season-average soybean price is now projected at $8.70 per bushel, down 5 cents. The soybean oil price is projected at 31.5 cents per pound, down 2 cents. Soybean meal prices were unchanged at $305 per ton. This month’s global oilseed outlook includes higher production and stocks relative to last month. Global soybean production was raised 2.4 million tons to 341.8 million.

Cotton forecasts show lower production, price, and ending stocks relative to last month. Production was reduced 300,000 bales to 19.8 million. Domestic mill use and exports were unchanged from last month, and ending stocks were lowered 300,000 bales to 5.1 million. The projected marketing year average price received by upland producers of 60 cents per pound is down 2 cents from last month. The global cotton supply and demand estimates show larger production and ending stocks, according to the USDA. n Cheddar block cheese closed March 13 at $1.8725 per pound, up 12.25 cents on the week and 31.25 cents above a year ago. The barrels fell to $1.41 on March 9, the lowest price in 12 months, but finished March 13 at $1.50. This is up 2.25 cents on the week, 0.75 cents above a year ago, but at an enlarged 37.25 cents below the blocks. Four cars of block were traded on the week at the CME and 24 of barrel. Midwestern cheese producers report generally steady, if not tepid, cheese demand, according to Dairy Market News, and some say coronavirus issues are not directly affecting cheesemakSee MIELKE, pg. 17

Spring alfalfa stand assessments are important Warmer weather means that soon alfalfa will wake up from its winter dormancy and begin to grow again. For those who were unable to conduct fall alfalfa stand assessments, spring assessments can still be used (although

they will give you less time for planning). Regardless, all stands need to be assessed this spring for winter injury. For stand assessments we need to focus on two-parts: stem counts and root and crown health.

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With stem counts, we usually measure this as stems per square foot. The relationship between stem density and yield is constant; making this method reliable in estimating yield. Mark off a 2 square-foot section in each area you take a count. Count only those stems which are 2 inches or taller. Divide your count by two and average across all sections. This will get you to the necessary stems per square foot needed to check yields. Typically, stem counts over 55 stems per square foot indicates a good stand. In that condition, you could lose some plants and still produce good yields. Stem densities of 39 stems per square foot or less would be considered low yields and you may wish to consider replacing. When it comes to visually assessing stands, start from the top down. Looking at the tops of alfalfa plants,

look for symmetry of the buds coming from all sides of the crown. Asymmetrically plants indicate winter injury did occur and yield potential may be lower. Also check to see if the root system is up out of the ground. Alfalfa taproots which have been pushed out of the ground by over an inch will most likely be short lived during the spring (provided they don’t break off). Next, dig up plants from three or four representative locations in the field — including at least the top 6 inches of the taproot to examine. Cut the crown in half and examine the color and rigidity of the inside of the crown. You want to see a firm, off-white interior with little to no signs of rotting. Discolored and spongy crown interiors indicate rotting and a plant that may not live another year. This article was submitted by Nathan Drewitz, University of Minnesota Extension. v

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

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Enforcement of negotiated trade agreements critical MIELKE, from pg. 16 ers. There are concerns and or expectations of food service requests lessening but retail demand could improve, as more people are stay home. Cheese inventory ranges from growing to long. Milk is available and the volume of offers has increased but the mid-week price range was similar to previous weeks. Cheese market tones are far from steady, says Dairy Market News. Western cheesemakers say demand has been steady. Retail orders are strong,

but food service has been a bit slower. With an abundance of milk, cheese plants are running near full capacity. Butter lost 3.75 cents on March 9 and closed at the end of the week at $1.8125. This is down 4.25 cents on the week and 46.75 cents below a year ago, with nine cars sold on the week. Butter producers report more promising demand tones and spring holiday demand expectations are beginning to come to fruition. Butter production is moderate to busy, depending on the

Sign up for Conservation Reserve Program grasslands ST. PAUL — Farmers and ranchers may apply to enroll grasslands in the Conservation Reserve Program Grasslands signup. The signup runs through May 15. “Through this CRP Grasslands signup, farmers and ranchers can protect grasslands, rangelands and pastures, while maintaining the land as working grazing lands,” said State Executive Director Joe Martin. “The program emphasizes support for grazing operations and plant and animal biodiversity, while protecting land under the greatest threat of conversion or development.” Through CRP Grasslands, participants retain the right to conduct common grazing practices, such as haying, mowing or harvesting seed from the enrolled land. Timing of some activities may be restricted by the primary nest-

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ing season of birds. Participants will receive an annual rental payment and may receive up to 50 percent cost-share for establishing approved conservation practices. The duration of the CRP contract is either 10 or 15 years. FSA will rank applications using a number of factors including existence of expiring CRP land, threat of conversion or development, existing grassland, and predominance of native species cover, and cost. The 2018 farm bill set aside 2 million acres for CRP Grassland enrollment. For more information, or to enroll in CRP Grasslands, contact your local FSA county office or visit fsa.usda.gov/ crp. This article was submitted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. v

producer and the region. Cream is still readily available but ice cream production increases have begun claim some of that cream. Butter markets have seen improvements. However, coronavirus has most Dairy Market News contacts questioning expectations of all markets — including butter. Western retail butter orders are slowly coming off of the last two weeks’ peak demand period caused by the coronavirus outbreak. Food service sales are down as people avoid going to crowded public places. Cream availability has also tightened a bit due to ice cream production but churning is active. The next holiday is just around the corner. Price erosion returned to nonfat dry milk which saw a fair amount of product head to Chicago. It fell to $1.05 per pound on March 12, lowest since Sept. 11. It closed at $1.0525, down 6.25 cents on the week, but still 8.5 cents above a year ago. Forty-seven loads traded hands on the week, up from 38 the previous week. CME dry whey closed March 13 at 34.75 cents per pound, unchanged on the week, but 2.75 cents above a year ago, with six sales reported at the CME. n In politics, Connecticut dairy farmer James Jacquier, testified March 10 before the House Agriculture’s Subcommittee on Livestock and Foreign Agriculture to provide a dairy stakeholder perspective on agricultural trade. Jacquier is Chairman of the Board for Agri-Mark, a dairy cooperative comprised of 850 farm families

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across New England and New York. He urged Congress to “work with the Administration to use negotiating resources wisely to target important agricultural markets and create greater access for U.S. dairy products with key trading partners.” Jacquier noted, “careful and proactive attention to the implementation and enforcement of negotiated trade agreements, such as USMCA, will be critical in the coming year — emphasizing in particular the importance of ironing out details pertaining to new export access and Class 7 related dairy policy reforms with Canada, and common cheese name safeguards with Mexico as USMCA progresses,” and he “raised concerns regarding GIs with the European Union’s efforts to misuse geographical indication to instead confiscate common food names, such as parmesan, feta and asiago, as well as wine and meat terms.” “America’s dairy farmers applaud the certainty that lowered tariffs and fairly negotiated trade agreements bring to our industry. However, if we cannot combat outrageous nontariff barriers, such as those the EU is manufacturing to block the export of American-made cheeses, these trade wins can ring hollow. The EU’s stance on common food names is a protectionist and anti-trade policy and it must be firmly rejected by Congress and by U.S. trade officials,” Jacquier said. Lee Mielke is a syndicated columnist who resides in Everson, Wash. His weekly column is featured in newspapers across the country and he may be reached at lkmielke@juno.com. v

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Chinese farmers have modern equipment, behind on technique By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus “The farmer is the number-one optimist. We can’t wait ‘till next spring so we can start making plans again. If we didn’t have next year, I don’t know what we’d do.” Those words of wisdom come from a proven, practical, and most profound rural philosopher, Bob Worth. A Lake Benton, Minn. farmer and governing board member of the Bob Worth Minnesota Soybean Growers Association, Worth is always a good visit. Catching up with him at the MN Ag Expo in Mankato, Minn. on Jan. 22 was no exception. The Land: You do some traveling on behalf of the soybean growers. What was your last trip? And what did you learn? Worth: Matter of fact, I now haven’t traveled out of the country for some time. But China was always my favorite place to travel. I love going to China. I don’t like the big cities of China. They’re not so very clean and they’re teeming with people. Just too many people. But go to the agricultural regions of China and its beautiful. They really like their soil. The Land: You speak pretty good English. How’s your Chinese tongue? Worth: No good. We need an interpreter all the time. But one thing I’ve noticed when talking with the Chinese people … when you hit a nerve on something they are really excited about, they stand up! If you’re talking to a group of farmers and you hit the right topics, just like that — four or five will stand up. Then the questions come flying at you. We’ve got quick interpreters that can talk the same language almost as fast as the Chinese farmers. It’s just a joy to get involved in these chit-chats. The Land: Why do they like their soil? Worth: It’s more like they love their

soil. They take good care of their soil. My last visit they really got into asking questions about how we take care of our soil. They take everything off their soil. They have nothing like a Soil Conservation Service. And we’d caution them about taking so much off their soil. You can’t leave it bare I’d tell them or you lose it. So we’d talk erosion and soon not having any productive soils. So we talked about leaving some stuff in the soil so you don’t have run off, and wind erosion. You need to leave a ‘blanket’ so to speak on the surface. The Land: Do Chinese farmers own their land or is it owned by the government? Worth: They own some, but it’s not very much. Where we were at they were talking about co-op farms where a whole bunch of farmers got together to get a much bigger chunk of land. They all pooled their land, pooled their labor, pooled everything. The Land: So what crops did you see being grown where you were? Worth: Mostly corn. Some soybeans. And modern equipment … oh my … really modern equipment. We didn’t ask, but we assume this is mostly government-owned equipment. But this is the latest stuff, just like we have in the United States. I was surprised. But with their huge populations, they need farm equipment that covers their farm ground rapidly. They’re trying hard to be more self-sufficient, but it’s not going to happen. They’re trying to raise a lot of pork, a lot of poultry. The Chinese people are no different … they want to eat better food. When I first traveled to China, they probably had protein once a week. This last trip, they were having protein every day. And now with African swine fever virtually wiping out their pork industry, there is even more of a protein deficiency. China used to be the largest hog production country in the world! And that is why they are now importing pork from America big time. The Land: So how can they afford to buy U.S. pork, or soybeans or other farm produce from America? See WORTH, pg. 19

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Farmers want marketplace to determine what they grow WORTH, from pg. 18 Worth: They have no choice. They have a huge subsidy over there. Corn is valued at $10 to $12 a bushel; soybeans at $22 a bushel. Because of that huge subsidy the government gives to its people, they can buy imported food products from America and other countries. The Land: Are Chinese farmers up to date on soybean technology? Are they good farmers? Worth: The ‘how to’ knowledge is sadly lacking. They come over here to “borrow” some of our technology. But that’s likely to stop now too with this new Phase 1 trading agreement we now have with China. The Land: Do you feel comfortable when you are there? Any security issues? Worth: I’ve been more comfortable in China than lots of other countries we’ve visited on our soybean trading excursions. I was in the very northern part of China. It’s all agriculture up there. And we saw lots of young farmers — right along with lots of older guys too. Lots of young guns in that part of China. Maybe their entire country now has a younger population. The Land: So is this new NAFTA a better deal than the former? Worth: Yes, it’s a much better deal. For one thing, the dairy part is very much improved with Canada. And I do feel and read that the grain trading Mexico and Canada is much better also. There’s just lot of things in the new USMCA that’s better than NAFTA. The Land: Let’s jump back to China. Is that agreement going to be earth shattering; or does that remain to be seen? Worth: It’s going to be earth shattering. But how do we make certain they are going to do everything that

Grants for county fair improvements SUN PRAIRIE, Wis. — The Compeer Financial Fund for Rural America, the corporate giving program of Compeer Financial, is offering a total of $180,000 in grants to eligible fairs throughout its 144-county territory. Applications for the county fair facility upgrade grant program are due by March 31. The mission of the program is to support rural areas by funding county fair organizations as they repair fairground 4-H and livestock buildings, livestock judging arenas and more. Each fair is eligible for $3,000 in funding. Fairs that received the grant in 2019 will not be considered in 2020. For more information and to apply for the Country Fair Facility Upgrade Program, visit compeer.com/ giving-back. This article was submitted by Compeer Financial.v

was agreed too? They’re buying $40 billion of U.S. products per year. In 2017, the year before the tariffs were implemented, they bought $24 billion of U.S. goods — mostly American soybeans. The deal now is to make sure they do what they agreed to do. Our ag chief, Secretary Perdue, said he would make certain that happens. And I think he will. He knows China. He’s got sharp people on his staff just like American Soybean Growers have sharp, intelligent people on our staff. The Land: How many people went in your trip to China? Worth: Just two of us (another soybean farmer) and two staff people out of the University of North Dakota. The Land: And how did you get selected for this China trip? Was it your good looks or your stock as one of Minnesota’s best soybean farmers? Worth: None of those. This was back when I was on the Board of the American Soybean Association. And let me assure you, soybean check-off dollars are well spent. These trade missions have been most significant in the expansion of U.S. soybean exports to China in particular; but many other countries — especially in the Asian sector. Twenty years ago, China was exporting soybeans. Yes, that’s hard to believe today. USB and ASA went over there and educated them on how to use the soybeans themselves to raise their own livestock; and feed their pigs too. Guess what? When that happened they rather quickly became importers of soybeans. That’s going to happen in India also. Right now, India is still exporting soybeans. But when their people start demanding more protein to feed their exploding population, they will become an importer of U.S. soybeans. That will be a huge market! The Land: You’re always the most optimistic guy. Is 2020 going to be good crop year for American farmers — even in your part of Minnesota where you guys were setting new records for prevent planting last year? Worth: I’m scared. Why? Because the water content of our soils is still full. And it’s not even February; so more snow, more rain are a virtual certainty. We are sitting at 92 percent of water capacity right now. We got everything harvested last fall because we didn’t have that much to harvest. Like I said earlier, prevent planting ruled the roost last year. We’ve got big snow cover right now. If we get more snow cover — which is most likely — we could be as wet again this spring as we were last year. I’ve never prevent planted in my 49 years of farming, but I did last year and certainly want nothing like that again this year. We farmers always want our profits to come from the crops we grow and the livestock we produced. We don’t want these ‘government facilitation checks’ or whatever that is called. We want the marketplace determine what we grow and what we raise. Farmers want to plant a crop … there’s no ands, ifs or buts about that fact. The Land: What’s all the excitement about food grade soybeans?

Worth: I’m hearing lots more; but really don’t know where it’s coming from. Yes, we understand we’re now in a ‘food driven’ economy. And much of our exports to Japan, Thailand, the Philippines — even China and India — are now wanting food grade soybeans because soybeans have become such an important protein source in their food diets, their soya sauce. But those are not raised to any extent as yet in our soybean production areas. Food grade soybeans are usually IP. These are not GMO soybeans based on what I’ve been told. You take a little bit of a yield bite, but make up for that with better prices. We’re talking up to $10 prices; but you’ve got to find that market overseas. I’m really into the GMO soybeans … more flexibility with weed and herbicide issues. v

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Grain Outlook Times call for managing risk

Cash Grain Markets corn/change* soybeans/change*

Stewartville Edgerton Jackson Janesville Cannon Falls Sleepy Eye

$2.99 -.49 $3.24 -.57 $3.19 -.46 $3.20 -.44 $3.12 -.37 $3.09 -.41

$7.64 -.71 $7.79 -.66 $7.76 -.74 $7.78 -.74 $7.67 -.71 $7.59 -.79

Financial Focus Good credit score vital for farmers

The following marketing analysis is for the week ending March 13. CORN — Well, this was one heck of a week! Just when you think you’ve had enough bad news thrown at you, something else comes along to pile on. March 9’s price plunge across the agricultural, energy and equity sectors was a case in point; only to be followed up on March 12 with the Dow’s biggest one-day loss since 1987! But on March 13, the stocks market staged a huge rebound after President Trump declared a national emergency and how the federal government will respond. On March 11, the World Health Organization officially declared Covid-19 a pandemic. This was PHYLLIS NYSTROM followed up with President CHS Hedging Inc. Trump’s announcement of travel St. Paul restrictions between the United States and Europe. The stock market has officially moved into a bear market after plummeting 20 percent from its high. With the coronavirus and global demand concerns serving as a backdrop, Saudi Arabia responded to Russia’s refusal to join in an oil production cutback with retaliation of their own. Saudi Arabia announced on March 7 they would increase oil production to 12.3 million barrels per day from 9.8 million bpd and began cutting prices to their customers. Russia responded by indicating they would increase crude oil production 500,000 bpd to a record 11.8 million bpd. This sent energy markets into a freefall on March 8. Crude oil fell as much as 33 percent at the lowest point of $27.34 since the Gulf War in 1991 before gaining traction. The U.S. stock market had to use their trigger to halt trading temporarily at least twice during the week to let traders regroup before resuming trading. The U.S. dollar index was hit as well, but any benefit for U.S. exports was erased as other currencies fell at a faster pace. A new test for coronavirus was approved this week by the FDA that reportedly will be ten times faster than current tests. Faster tests mean faster results to act on anyone testing positive. A quick response would hopefully help to slow the spread of the virus. The March World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report was a non-event. The only thing the U.S. Department of Agriculture changed on the

Well, to say the least about the last few weeks in the livestock industries, it has been a complete meltdown as prices have plummeted. Fear is the dominate reason that has created the panic selling — all stemming from the spread of the coronavirus. The fear is based upon the idea that worldwide economic slowdown will occur because of this pandemic which will slow export business worldwide. The futures market has experienced several limit lower moves as selling has overwhelmed the markets as prices have collapsed to weekly or near weekly lows in livestock contracts. At some JOE TEALE point, with all the livestock marBroker kets well oversold, there will be a low established — whether short Great Plains Commodity Afton, Minn. term or long term — as the fear begins to subside. The cattle complex has endured so far the most pressure in the livestock arena. The live cattle futures are near last year’s lows while the feeder futures have new weekly lows and are nearing the 2010 lows. Cash prices have also fallen — reflecting the negative attitudes toward the prospects of increased sales. The interesting thing about this is that beef is actually moving very well and beef cutouts have been improving. This would suggest the possibility of a bottom in this sell off may be nearing in the weeks ahead. One interesting observation: as the equity markets

Most young or beginning farmers have an abundance of energy and a strong commitment to a career in agriculture. What they often lack is the capital necessary to buy livestock, equipment, or to cover a down payment on real estate. In order to get the capital necessary to start farming, a beginning farmer is probably going to have to get a loan. In order to get a loan, he or she is going to need to have a good credit score. A “credit score” is a number assigned to a potential borrower by a credit bureau. Lenders use a credit score as an indication of the borrower’s likelihood of paying their financial obligations on time. The score is based on an PAUL DIETMANN analysis of the person’s credit hisCompeer Senior tory using financial information Lending Officer gathered by the credit bureau. Prairie du Sac, Wis. There are three major credit bureaus in the United States: Experian; TransUnion; and Equifax. The credit bureaus routinely gather payment information for millions of people from lenders, credit card companies, utility companies, court records and other sources. They do not gather income data; only information related to debts. When someone applies for a loan, the lender requests a credit report from one of the credit bureaus. The credit report will list all of the borrower’s financial obligations going back many years, and will show how many times a monthly payment was either missed or paid late. It will also list debts which have been sent to collection or other defaults on an obligation. A complex mathematical formula developed by the Fair Isaac Corporation (FICO) is used to derive a FICO credit score from all of the information on the credit report. FICO credit scores range from 300 to 850. A score above 720 is considered good, and above 800 is very good. A score below 650 is not good. A score below 600 usually indicates there is a serious issue on the credit report such as a loan default, outstanding financial judgment, or other problem. You are entitled to receive a free copy of your credit report each year from each of the three credit bureaus in order to check it for errors. The report contains all of your debt payment history, but does not include your FICO score. To obtain your free report, visit the website annualcreditreport.com; or call (877) 3228228. Some credit card issuers offer free credit moni-

See NYSTROM, pg. 21

See TEALE, pg. 21

See DIETMANN, pg. 22




Year Ago Average: $3.38 $8.15 Grain prices are effective cash close on March 17. *Cash grain price change represents a two-week period.

Livestock Angles Selling is overwhelming market

Information in the above columns is the writer’s opinion. It is no way guaranteed and should not be interpreted as buy/sell advice. Futures trading always involves a certain degree of risk.

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

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South American soybean crop estimates creep higher NYSTROM, from pg. 20 U.S. corn balance sheet was the average farm price. They lowered it from $3.85 per bushel to $3.80 per bushel. The ending stocks number was left alone at 1.892 billion bushels vs. expectations for 1.882 billion bushels. South America’s corn estimates were also unchanged and in line with pre-report estimates with Brazil at 101 million metric tons and Argentina at 50 mmt.  World ending stocks were 297.3 mmt, in line with estimates and slightly higher than last month’s 296.8 mmt figure.  AgRural put Brazil’s first corn harvest as of March 9 at 41 percent complete, right at the average. Safrinha corn planting was pegged at 78 percent complete vs. 86 percent on average. Late in the week, the Buenos Aires Grains Exchange left Argentina’s corn crop at 50 mmt, but cut the corn rating from 50 percent good/excellent to 38 percent good/excellent. Harvest is 7 percent complete. The Rosario Grain Exchange is pegging it at 50 mmt. Weekly export sales were above estimates at 57.9 million bushels, bringing total commitments to 31 percent behind last year. We need to average 22.5 million bushels of sales per week to cover the USDA’s 1.725-billion-bushel outlook. Weekly ethanol production fell 35,000 bpd to 1.044 million bpd. Stocks were down 630,000 barrels at 24.3 million barrels, but a record high for this week. Net margins fell 3 cents to a negative 12 cents per gallon. Margins are expected to suffer as ethanol RBOB prices fall below ethanol prices, reducing the incentive to blend ethanol any more than required. Outlook: The agricultural markets are being overshadowed by macro events that are out of our control. And now we don’t even have March Madness to distract us! Demand for commodities is uncertain, but won’t people still need to eat? The monthly WASDE report took a backseat to the crude oil war between Russia and OPEC, coronavirus news, and world equity markets. U.S. planting weather will become a larger issue as we approach the March 31 U.S. Prospective Planting report. Wet forecasts for the Delta and the southern United States are delaying early planting in those areas, but it isn’t driving prices yet. The two-

week forecasts for much of the Midwest also leans to the wetter, cooler side. And we haven’t seen any business that is attributed to the Phase 1 trade deal. At some point, buyers should find value, but until the market tells us so, we will flounder along. There are tools to manage your risk and this is the atmosphere where it’s prudent to investigate them. May corn set a new contract low this week at $3.63.5 per bushel and the December corn’s new contract low is $3.70.75 per bushel. For the week, May corn dropped 10.25 cents to $3.65.75, July fell 10.75 cents to $3.68.5, and December was 8.5 cents lower at $3.73 per bushel. The Chicago Mercantile Exchange has closed the trading floor until further notice with trading as usual on the Globex platform. The Minneapolis Grain Exchange has closed the options trading room until further notice. SOYBEANS — Atmosphere of uncertainty plagued the markets this week and prices retreated. School are being closed around the country, businesses are restricting travel, and meetings, concerts, and conventions are being cancelled. Disneyland and Disney World are closing through the end of the month. Museums are closing. Social isolation is having a negative effect on about everything. But Apple is reopening their stores in China. Thanks to a weak real, Brazilian farmers are seeing record-high domestic prices for both soybeans and corn. The real traded to record lows vs. the U.S. dollar, despite the U.S. dollar also weakening. Brazil’s bean basis was jumping on March 13 making PNW soybeans competitive for late summer. Flash soybean sales to unknown this week may be to China as Brazil’s loading system is becoming backlogged. The March WASDE report didn’t hold any surprises, although South American soybean production numbers crept higher. Brazil and Argentina’s soybean production figures both were raised 1 mmt to 126 mmt and 54 mmt, respectively. On the U.S. balance sheet, seed usage was increased 3 million bushels and residual was cut 3 million bushels. Ending stocks were unchanged at 425 million bushels versus the trade estimate of 432 million bushels. The aver-

Demand for pork looks strong TEALE, from pg. 20 go, so goes the livestock markets. This may suggest that a low is closer that we think. Since the futures have not paid attention to the fundamentals in recent days, it might only take a change in the fear factor to change the attitude away from the selling which has occurred. The hog market has suffered a similar sell off as the cattle; however not nearly as severe. The reason has been the cash trade has been improving through the panic hitting all the other markets. This has simply taken the premium of futures over cash and nar-

rowed that basis. Pork cutouts have improved over the past weeks as well as improved product movement indicated good demand for pork. The fear which has driven other markets is the same thing that has pressured the hog futures over the past days. As the pressure from those markets subside, so will it subside for the hogs. The fundamentals will then take control of the futures which are currently fairly positive. This will all depend on whether attitudes do change; and if fear subsides will the hog market return to a premium to the hog index? v

age U.S. farm price dropped a nickel to $8.70 per bushel. World ending stocks at 102.4 mmt were slightly higher than the 99.7 mmt trade estimate and last month’s 98.9 mmt figure. CONAB has been dragging their feet on Brazil’s soybean production forecasts. This month they did raise it to 124.2 mmt from 123.3 mmt last month, but they still lag most other estimates which range up to 128 mmt. Weather in South America has been mixed with Argentina looking for additional rainfall. The BAGE dropped their Argentine soybean number from 54.5 mmt last week to 52.0 mmt this week. The Rosario Grain Exchange stepped lower from 55 mmt to 51.5 mmt. They slashed the crop condition from 50 percent good/excellent to 39 percent good/excellent with 22 percent of the crop mature vs. 25 percent on average. Brazil has seen dryness become a topic in a few areas, but rain is in the forecast. AgRural estimated Brazil’s soybean harvest at 49 percent complete as of March 9 vs. 47 percent on average. Brazil’s farmers have been aggressive sellers recently with the weakness in their currency bringing them the highest prices in years. Safras and Mercado put this year’s sales at 61 percent sold vs. 46 percent on average, with 14 percent of next year’s crop already sold.  We saw daily USDA export sales flashes three days in a row that totaled 372,500 metric tons. Total weekly export sales were below the lowest guess at 11.1 million bushels and the second lowest of the marketing year. This week’s figure included cancellations by China of 90 tmt, leaving them with only 63 tmt on the books. Sales commitments have fallen 16 percent behind last year and need to average 22.1 million bushels per week to hit the USDA’s 1.925-billion-bushel mark. China left their soybean balance sheet unchanged this month, saying they don’t expect the coronavirus to have a major impact on yearly soybean demand. They are forecasting soybean imports this year at 87.7 mmt vs. USDA at 88 mmt and last year’s 85 mmt. Outlook: May soybeans posted a new contract low at $8.45.25 this week and for the November contract the new low is $8.60 per bushel. Despite having three separate new export sales announcements this week and lower Argentine production estimates late in the week, soybeans continued to be overshadowed by macro events, i.e. coronavirus and its effect on general demand. The market will shift its focus more to the March 31 reports and spring planting weather for the United States; but the coronavirus will stick with us until it peaks in the United States.  For the week, May soybeans plunged 42.5 cents to $8.48.75, July 44 cents lower at $8.56, and November down 41 cents at $8.64.5 per bushel. Nystrom’s Notes: Contract changes for the week as of the close March 13: Chicago March wheat declined 9.75 cents to $5.06, Kansas City dropped 14.75 cents to $4.31.5, and Minneapolis tumbled 17.25 cents to $5.08 per bushel. Crude oil for the week crashed 23.1 percent or $9.55 per barrel to $31.73 per barrel. v


www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

Goplen: Small grains could be field’s best friend By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus GRANITE FALLS, Minn. — Yes, corn and soybean pros rarely consider wheat or oats or even barley in a crop rotation. But if building soil health is still on your agenda, then just maybe squeezing a small grain into that formula every third year or so would do a favor to both your soils and your pocketbook! University of Minnesota Extension Crops Educator Jared Goplen spoke at a small grains workshop in Granite Falls, Minn. on Feb. 20. When he mentioned upwards of $200 per acre losses when soybean aphids take a huge liking to your soybean fields, Goplen has your attention! Said Goplen, “For the corn/soybean guys, there’s little doubt they face more weed and insect issues than farmers who work a small grain into their cropping sequence. And with production costs continuing to escalate in this continual battle of weed free and insect free corn and soybeans, small grains are getting more attention as a ‘fight back’ therapy. Include small grains and you are breaking up some of those weed and insect life cycles which can be very helpful in your management strategies.” He noted $200 per acre losses can and do happen just from incorrect varietal choices when planting soybeans. “Soybean cyst nematodes are the numberone disease limiting pathogen of soybeans. The problem is that it doesn’t always cause above-ground symptoms, so you might be having significant yield losses and you don’t even see it. You can avert this disaster by digging a few soybean plants in early summer; or the recommended strategy of soil sampling to see what your SCN egg counts are and go from there in developing your management program.” So are soybean cyst losses increasing year by year? Goplen hesitated, “We’ve sort of been lucky that past 10 years or so. Resistant varieties have been working well enough; but now we’re seeing these resistant varieties kind of breaking down so soybean cyst nematode is causing some higher yield losses. Seed treatments don’t seem to be the answer, so the only strategy is to manage with resistant varieties … and crop rotation. And that’s why small grains are getting back into this conversation more and more.” He noted nematodes are now becoming resistant to the resistance. So switching to varieties with Peking genetics is now a recommended practice, if you can

access this breeding. Goplen indicated Peking varieties might be limited access yet this spring. “As we get further north into Minnesota and the Dakotas, these soybeans may be more limited.” Goplen also noted soybeans after wheat or oats generally produce at least a 7 percent yield bump. Plus that small grain in your corn/soybean cycle gives a break on troubling weed problems. So should the small grain be wheat or oats? “That somewhat depends on your location in the state and if there is a local market. If you’re in the southeast quadrant of Minnesota, oats are the more common choice. Here in the ‘western prairie’ section, wheat is preferred. However, besides grain yield, also consider the value of your straw crop. Weather hazards seriously reduced hay yields last year for many. And that is why upwards of $150 per acre off wheat straw bales are happening this winter.” Barley can work too; but Goplen cautioned it is a bit more challenging crop. But he does advise the early you can get your small grain seeding in the ground the better. “Probably not in advance of St. Patrick’s Day, but if the ground is fit, get it seeded. Small grains are a cool-season crop so give them that advantage. Warm nights are the biggest detriment to healthy, productive small grains, so an early season harvest is best,” he said. Plus, the positive impact on better weed control in your fields is a real plus for small grains. “More

diverse rotations give you a management plus,” Goplen said. “Often with a corn/soybean program, you have these nuisance weeds of ragweed, water hemp, lambsquarter, etc. With small grain, you can harvest before some of these weeds even produce viable seed. That certainly helps decrease the weed bank.” Can cover crops be part of this same strategy in both weed control and reduced disease issues? Very definitely said Goplen. “Crop rotations historically are key to building soil health. Cover crops are gaining interest particularly if you might not have a market for certain small grains. A more diverse rotation gets you a multitude of these soil health benefits and can often reduce your overall costs of crop production without a negative impact on net earnings.” However, he graciously acknowledges the idea of fitting some small grain into their corn/soybean routine isn’t likely to make many converts. Often it gets to the bare bones of treating every field individually. “Sure, I recognize that on some fields you’re not going to make more money growing a small grain. It’s difficult to pencil in black ink if you only market the grain. But you need to give some credit to your small grains for a yield bump on either your corn or soybeans after small grains. And, if you have a strong hay market, that can be a deciding financial factor too. If small grains gives you some help in your battles with weeds or certain diseases in your fields, it’s hard to put a dollar value on this. But consider the peace of mind as a significant plus also,” summed up Goplen. v

Protect credit score like your reputation DIETMANN, from pg. 20 toring, as do services such as NerdWallet. Here are a few tips for the young person with a limited or blemished credit history who wishes to build a good credit score: Always pay all of your bills on time – including utility, cell phone and medical bills. Payment history is the single biggest factor determining FICO score. It accounts for 35 percent of the score. Use no more than 30 percent of your available revolving credit. In other words, if you have a credit card with a $10,000 limit, don’t carry a balance of more than $3,000 on the card – even if you always pay it off every month. If you find yourself consistently using more than 30 percent of the card’s limit, either request an increased limit or make more than one payment on it each month. How much money you owe in relation to your available amount of credit accounts (your “credit utilization rate”) accounts for 30 percent of your FICO score. Build long-term credit relationships with a few credit providers. Don’t open and close accounts frequently, or roll credit card balances from one card to another to take advantage of low introductory interest rates. Length of credit history accounts for 15 percent of the FICO score.

Use various types of credit and build a history of successfully making all payments on time. Show that you can handle making payments on a credit card, a vehicle loan, and a student loan all at the same time. Credit mix accounts for 10 percent of the FICO score. If you have to carry balances on multiple credit cards, it’s better to have larger balances on a couple of cards than to carry small balances on many cards. Knock off the smallest balances one-by-one until you’re down to just a few. Be cautious about applying for new credit in the months prior to taking a substantial farm loan. For example, don’t take out a loan to buy a new truck a month before you apply for a farm real estate loan. It’s critically important to start building a positive credit history when you haven’t yet been able to build up a substantial amount of capital. A strong credit score can give a beginning farmer a big boost when applying for farm loans. In essence, your credit score is a measure of your financial reputation. When you’ve established a strong credit score you’ll want to protect it like you would guard your reputation as a good farmer. It’s a building block for a successful farming career. Paul Dietmann is the Senior Lending Specialist for Compeer Financial. For more insights from the Compeer team, check out compeer.com. v

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

Real Estate

Feed Seed Hay

Sell your land or real estate in Softer Non GMO cornstalks, 30 days for 0% commission. 4x5 net, $35/each, some shedded, 5x5s, + oat straw, Call Ray 507-339-1272 soybean stubble, $50-$60 each. Can possibly deliver. Real Estate 320-905-6195 Call or text.


www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Bins & Buildings

Feed Seed Hay

OPEN Pollinated Seed Corn. Produces more high quality silage on less acres than hybrid. $67/bushel plus shipping. High feed value grain. Located at Teutopolis, IL 217-857-3377

Thank You Farmers! H HHHHHHHHHHHH H H H WEEKLY H AUCTION H H H H Every Wednesday H H H Hay & Straw H H 6:00 PM H H Homestead H H H H Sales, Inc. H H HWY 15 N, HUTCHINSON, MN H H H 320-433-4250 H H homesteadsalesinc.com H H HHHHHHHHHHHH H


The Land magazine is looking for an Outside Advertising Sales Representative for WANTED TO BUY: 5,000 to the Southern Minnesota territory. Candidates should have professional sales skills 10,000 bu cone bottom bins. to service existing clients and to prospect and develop new businesses in a desAlso 18’ diameter steel bin, ignated territory. Also essential is self-confidence, strong organizational habits, in good shape. 507-327-6430 keen attention to detail and superior written and verbal communication skills. This position requires reliable transportation and a good driving record. This position is full time, salary plus commission, milage allowance, and other benefits. Interested Farm Equipment candidates should email their resume, salary requirements and a cover letter to: Deb Petterson, General Manager at: dpetterson@thelandonline.com

WANTED: Land & farms. I Bins & Buildings ‘89 Versatile 876 tractor, w/ duhave clients looking for als, new clutch, 280hp, 6,500 dairy, & cash grain operahrs; ‘95 7200 MaxEmerge tions, as well as bare land Barn and Quonset Roofing and Straightening. planter, 12R30, precision parcels from 40-1000 acres. Also polebarn repair and corn meters, soybean meBoth for relocation & investgiving more head room. ters, liq fert & insect, front ments. If you have even Kelling Silo. 1-800-355-2598 fold, Precision 2020 monitor. thought about selling contact: Paul Krueger, Farm & Stormor Bins & EZ-Drys. 612-741-7949 or 612-701-7901 Land Specialist, Edina Re- 100% financing w/no liens or alty, 138 Main St. W., New red tape, call Steve at Fair- Please support the advertisers you see here. Tell them you Prague, MN 55372. fax Ag for an appointment. saw their ad in The Land! paulkrueger@edinarealty.com 888-830-7757 (612)328-4506 #1832 Farm

ALFALFA, mixed hay, grass hay & wheat straw, medium square or round bales, delivery available. Thief River Falls, MN. Call or text LeRoy Ose: 218-689-6675





April 4 @ 10 am





Tract 1

Tract 2

Total Deeded Acres: 114±

Total Deeded Acres: 117±

Total Cropland Acres: 106.94

Total Cropland Acres: 117.40

CSR2 Soil Rating: 88.1

CSR2 Soil Rating: 88.5

Terms: $75,000 down on each tract the day of the sale. Balance due on or about Sept. 1, 2020. Cropland is rented for 2020 growing season. Possession of cropland will take place as soon as present tenant’s crops are out. 2% buyer’s fee will apply.


MN & IA BROKER & AUCTIONEER Northwood, IA 507-402-0553 beaujensen@landproz.com





Broker Greg Jensen - MN, IA / Broker Brian Haugen - MN, SD, IA, WI, IL / Broker Amy Willett - MO LandProz Real Estate, LLC. 111 East Clark Street, Albert Lea, MN 56007

AL WESSEL LIC #77-60 PH. 320-760-2979, KEVIN WINTER 320-760-1593 AUCTIONEERS


www.thelandonline.com —”Where Farm and Family Meet”

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

Find what you’re looking for in THE LAND

Farm Equipment

Farm Equipment

Demco Conquest 1100 gal FOR SALE: 14’ Dingelman sprayer, 60’ boom, 320x46 rock rake, excellent cond, tires, T jet controller, $5,750; $7,500; 5800 Rock-o-Matic JD 2210 38’ field cult, single rock picker, high lift, excelpt depth control, 3 bar har- lent cond, $7,500. Call 320row, $17,900; JD 1760 12x30 277-3783, ask for Eddie. planter, 3 bu boxes, Yetter trash whippers, HD down Gravity Wagon 400 bushel pressure, 250 mon, $12,500; with Christianson seed vac ‘69 JD 3020 gas tractor, for filling planter, 2 comJDWF, 3pt, 2 hyds, nice origi- partments, roll tarp, $2,750/ nal cond, $6,900. 320-769-2756 OBO (or best offer). (507) 276-6009 FOR SALE: JD 7100, 12R30” planter, newer opener Haybuster 2564 bale procesblades, bearings, seed tube sor for wet or dry bales, guards. In furrow Totally Tu- blows 70 plus ft, $16,900; bular fertilizer. Dawn wavy New-Demo 2660 full warrandisk combination, finger row ty, $20,500. Consider trades, cleaners. Full set corn/bean B.O. 320-543-3523 meter units, insecticide. $6,050. Shop built sprayer, JD 7100 6R30 3pt, 100 monitor 60’ boom, 500 gal tank, hyd w/ corn units & JD rotary driven pump, truck tires, bean meters. Also 6R30 RM cultivator, both good shape. $550. 651-503-5087 $4,800/OBO. 507-220-6810 FOR SALE: White 5100 8R30” planter, 14’ IH press drill w/ JD 7830 MFD IVT, Duals, grass seeder; 12’ MM press Front Suspension, auto steer, drill w/ grass seeder & 16’ active seat, higher hours, Brillion P-10 land roller w/ very clean, $40,900/offer. transport. All in good condi- 715-574-4561 tion. 320-630-1777 JD 8430 MFD IVT, Dual 50” tires, auto steer, HID Looking for something special? Put a line ad in The Land and find it! lighting, 5,035 hours, nice, Call 507-345-4523 $79,900. 715-572-1234


Steffes Group Inc. Facility,

1688 Hwy 9, Larchwood, IA, 51241

OPENS: Friday, March 27

2018 JOHN DEERE S770





2017 JOHN DEERE 8370R

2013 JOHN DEERE 8360RT

2015 JOHN DEERE 9570RT

PREVIEW: Friday, March 27 - Monday, April 6, from 8AM – 5PM No weekend preview available. LOADOUT: Monday, April 6 - Friday, April 17, Monday - Friday from 8AM-5PM ALSO INCLUDES: 2016 Brent 1196 Grain Cart, (3) Chopping Corn Heads, (8) Flex Draper & Flex Heads, (3) Field Cultivators, (2) Skid Steer Loaders, (2) Balers, (10) Lawn & Garden Tractors, ATV FINANCING AVAILABLE ON SELECT EQUIPMENT, contact Dan, 320.226.3772 or Cory, 320.226.6812, for details and pre-approval. Trucking also available. IA Sales Tax Laws apply.

2014 KINZE 3600



Dan, 320.226.3772, Cory, 320.226.6812

or at Steffes Group, Brad Olstad 701.237.9173 or 701.238.0240, or Tadd Skaurud, 701.237.9173 or 701.729.3644

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020 Farm Equipment

manJohn Deere 7200 corn plantnd, er with vacuum meter and atic liquid fertilizer attachment, cel- 8x30 with radar monitor. Al320- ways shedded in good condition. (507) 276-9667

shelNew Holland Whirl-A-Feed vac blower, model 28. JNM 250 om- gravity box w/ extensions & 750/ 10T MN gear w/ extension 07) poles. Both always shedded, excellent condition. 507-327-1869 cesles, www.thelandonline.com 00; andes,

als, eer, urs, fer.

ual HID ice,

We buy Salvage Equipment Parts Available Hammell Equip., Inc. (507)867-4910

Are you ready to sell some

used farm equipment? Place an ad in The Land classifieds!

One Call Does It All! With one phone call, you can place your classified line ad in The Land, Farm News and Country Today.

Call The Land for more information 507-345-4523 • 800-657-4665

FARMLAND Mower County - NEW LISTING Approx. 156 acres, Prime Farmland 93.2 CPI, Good tenant in place, Grand Meadow Twp. Fillmore County: NEW LISTING Approx. 165 acres, Spring Valley Twp, 24 acre building site with stream and pasture listed separately Olmsted County: Approx. 132 acres Rock Dell Twp. Mower County: Approx. 121 acres SE edge of Austin Olmsted County: Pending Approx. 106 acres High Forest Twp.


Land Specialists

Sealed Bid Land Auction Friday, March 27

Kodet Farms . 140 ± acres New Avon Township, Redwood County Only registered bidders may attend

For a property brochure call 1-800-730-LAND (5263) or visit www.WingertRealty.com

Charles Wingert, Broker # 07-53 . Adam Knewtson, Agent 1160 South Victory Drive Suite 6, Mankato MN 56001

Land Auction

Racine: Completely remodeled 10,000 sq. ft. building on 2.12 acres. Many possible uses including event center, day care, offices, retail.

Need assistance with Rental Rates, Government Programs or Environmental Issues? Call us for your Farm Management needs! Randy Queensland • 507-273-3890 • randy@lrmrealestate.com Ryan Queensland • 507-273-3000 • ryan@lrmrealestate.com

Grand Meadow, MN • www.lrmrealestate.com 507-754-5815 • 800-658-2340





itor ary RM ape.

Farm Equipment

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

LOCATION: From Buffalo, MN, 4 miles east on 10th St. NE. 5227 10th St. NE, Buffalo, MN 55313 / PREVIEW: By Appointment / LOADOUT: By Appointment TRACTORS

2013 Case-IH 290 Magnum MFWD, 1,459 hrs. 2004 Case-IH STX500 Quadtrac, 6,625 hrs.


2005 Drago chopping corn head, 8x22”


2006 Case-IH 1200 planter, 24x22”


2012 Case-IH 870 disc ripper, 9 shank, 7” 2011 Case-IH TM200 field cultivator, 46-1/2’


J&M 750-14 grain cart Butler grain bin, 7 ring, 36’ diameter, 24,000 bu. capacitybin fan Centrifugal bin fan, 16 hp. Power sweep, 18’


Steffes Group, Inc., 24400 MN Hwy 22 S, Litchfield, MN 55355 | 320.693.9371

KOWALKE & SCHMIDT FARMS BRENT KOWALKE 763.238.4833, KEVIN SCHMIDT 612.490.7556 or Randy Kath at Steffes Group, 320.693.9371 or 701.429.8894 Complete terms, lot listings and photos at SteffesGroup.com / Randy Kath MN47-007


Steffes Auction Calendar 2020

For more info, call: 1-800-726-8609 or visit our website: SteffesGroup.com Opening March 6 & Closing April 15 at 7PM RLP Services LLC Online Auction, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening March 16 & Closing March 26 at 7PM Kowalke & Schmidt Farms Inventory Reduction Auction, Buffalo, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening March 18 & Closing March 25 at 2PM William Pic Equipment Auction, Lankin, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening March 20 & Closing March 25 Online Steffes Auction - 3/25, Upper Midwest Locations, Timed Online Auction Opening March 23 & Closing March 30 at 7PM Roger Host Farm Auction, Eagle Bend, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening March 23 & Closing March 31 Manure Pumping & Handling Auction, Upper Midwest Locations, Timed Online Auction Opening March 23 & Closing March 31 at 3PM Swift County, MN Tillable Farmland, Wooded Building Sites & Hunting Ground Auction - Multiple Tracts - 355± Acres, Benson, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening March 23 & Closing 31 at 7PM Ralph & Rita Vogt Farm Retirement Auction, Richmond, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening March 23 & Closing April 1 at 7PM Twin Eagle Dairy Excess Inventory Auction, Clarissa, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening March 23 & Closing April 2 at 7PM Don Engelmann Farm Retirement Auction, Plato, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening March 24 at 8AM & Closing March 24 at 12PM Polk County, MN Land Auction - 197± Acres, Crookston, MN, Timed Online Auction Tuesday, March 24 at 12PM Quality Tested Hay Auction, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN Wednesday, March 25 at 10AM Dennis & Kay Werre Farm Retirement Auction, Fullerton, ND Thursday, March 26 at 10AM Driscoll & Driscoll Inc. Farm Retirement Auction, East Grand Forks, MN Opening March 27 & Closing April 6 Keith & Jody Fischer Farm Retirement Auction, Glyndon, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening March 27 & Closing April 6 at 12PM Kibble Equipment Auction, Steffes Group Facility, Larchwood, IA, Timed Online Auction Opening March 30 & Closing April 7 at 7PM Secured Lender Buildings to be Removed Auction, St. Thomas, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening March 30 & Closing April 9 Jerry Schurman Estate Auction, Sauk Centre, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening April 1 & Closing April 8 at 1PM Sioux Falls Regional Multi-Party Farm Consignment Auction, Various locations, Timed Online Auction Thursday, April 2 at 11AM Jim & Paulette Anderson Farm Retirement Auction, Milan, MN Opening April 3 & Closing April 8 Online Steffes Auction – 4/8, Upper Midwest Locations, Timed Online Auction


www.thelandonline.com —�Where Farm and Family Meet�

HOLLAND AUCTION COMPANY ď †ď Ąď ˛ď ­ď Ľď ˛ď łď€ ď ?ď Ąď Łď ¨ď Šď Žď Ľď ˛ď šď€ ď ƒď Żď Žď łď Šď §ď Žď ­ď Ľď Žď ´



Saturday, April 18, 2020 - 9:30 A.M.

LOCATION: East of Beaver Lake, Ellendale MN.

ď ”ď Ąď Ťď Šď Žď §ď€ ď Łď Żď Žď łď Šď §ď Žď ­ď Ľď Žď ´ď łď€şď€ Tractors • Combines • Haying Equip. • Tillage Equip. • Planters • Wagons • Farm Pickups & Trucks • Construction Equip. • All Types of Farm Machinery • Recreational Items Welcomed (No car or truck tires)

Call early to take full advantage of advertising. Always a large auction, running two auction rings all day. Delivery of Consignments will be on April 13, 14, 15 16, 2020 from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. NO Consignments on April 17th!! ď ”ď Żď€ ď Łď Żď Žď łď Šď §ď Žď€Ź ď Łď Ąď Źď Źď€ş Holland Auction at (507) 684-2955 or Tracy Holland, 507-456-5128 (cell) or

’01 JD 8210 MFWD tractor, Auto Trac ready (plug & play), new 46’s on rear, new Firestones on front, recently rebuilt tranny at JD dealership, 4 hyd remotes, big hyd pump, 1000 PTO & 3-point. Asking $59,600. Call 507-7896049

“Where Farm and Family Meet� THE LAND...since 1976

e-mail hollandauction@frontiernet.net

No-Reserve JD Retirement Auction MATT MARING

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020


Friday, March 27, 2020

9:30 A.M. CDT. – Complete Details, Photos & Online Bidding at


90% Of All Machinery Bought New By Cihaks - Excellent Maintenance Program – Bid & Buy With ConďŹ dence Late Model JD Tractor & GPS Equip.

‘12 JD 8360R MFWD, 2,221 Act. One Owner Hrs, Front Duals, 480/80R50 Rear Duals 80%, ILS, IVT, 5 Hyd. w/Power Beyond, 60GPM Hyd Pump, Large 1000, Rear Wheel Weights; ‘11 JD 9630T 36� Tracks, (12) 72KG Weights, 4 Hyd., 48GPM Hyd Pump, 2,849 Hrs, Deluxe Interior, PS; ‘09 JD 9630 4x4, 2,152 Act One Owner Hrs, 800/70R38, Front & Rear Weights, 4 Hyd., 48GPM Hyd Pump, GS Ready, PS, Diff; ‘98 JD 8300 MFWD, 480/80R46 Duals, 4,782 Act One Owner Hrs, 3 Hyd., Large 1000, Inst. Seat, PS; JD 6000 Globe SF1; (3) JD 3000 Globes SF1; (3) JD GS3 2630 Displays Auto Trac, SF-1, Two Have Swath Control ; (28) JD 47KG Suite Case Weights & Brackets; JD Wheel Weights (2) 72KG & (6) 205KG; (7) 27�x19.5� Rock Box Weights; Set Of 380/85R34 Tires On Factory JD 8000 Series Front Duals

JD S670 RWD Combine & Heads All One Owner

‘13 JD S670 RWD Combine Pro-Drive, 520/85R42 Duals, 1,113 Sep/1,694 Eng Hrs, w/2630 Display, Contour Master, SP, Mauer Ext., Diff Lock, New In 2014, Folding Unload Auger; ‘13 JD 608C StalkMaster Chopping Head, Hyd Deck Plates, Stalk Stompers; 2012 JD 630F Hydra-Flex Bean Head, SP, Single PTO, Full Finger, 2� Cut; Unverferth HT 25 Head Trailer; Mauer Single Axle 30’ Head Trailer

JD 1770NT & 1990CCS Air Seeder

‘13 JD 1770NT, 16R30�, 3 Bu. Boxes, 600 Gal Fert Tank, ProDrive, Row Cleaners, Air Down Pressure, Row Command On 2 End Rows & Individual Shutoff After 2 Outside Rows, 4,534 Acres, 186.6 Hrs, Markers, Like New Disc Openers, Carbide Scraper, SS Frogs; ‘08 JD 1990 CCS Air Seeder 40’ 7.5� Or 15� Spacings, Ext Wear Seed Boots, Cast Iron Closing Wheels, Dickey John Rate Control ISO (Intelliag/ISO Bus VT); Frissen 220 Bulk Seed Tender, Double Comp, Honda Power Unit; Digi-Star EZ2000 Scale


CIH 940 Nutri Placer

‘13 CIH 940 Nutri Placer NH3 Applicator, 52’, 20� Shank Spacings, 2-Raven Accu-Flow Super Coolers, ISO Controls, Sidekick Pro N-Serve Injectors, HD Shanks, 5,000 Acres Total

Terms: Cash, check, credit cards. All sales ďŹ nal. All sales selling as-is, where-is with no warranty or guarantee expressed or implied. All items must be paid in full the day of the auction. Photo ID required. All items sell to the highest bidder.

‘06 Ag-Chem RoGator 1074, 1,977 Act Hrs, 1100 Gal SS Tank, 100’ Hyd Booms, Triple Nozzle, Raven Smart Tracks Easy Steer, UC4 Total Boom Control, 5 Section Shut Off Envizo Pro II Controller, 3126 Cat, Foamer, Chiaks Bought w/480 Hrs; 1988 28’ Single Axle Semi Van Trailer, 3000 & 1650 Gal Poly Tank, Chem Inductor, 2� Pump & Hose

CIH & JD Tillage

‘13 CIH Tigermate 200 FC 54.5’ Double Fold, Depth Control, 4 Bar Harrow; CIH Ecolo-Tiger 870 Ripper, 11 Shank, 24’ Wide, Double Disc, Rear Disc Levelers; Rite Way 4300 Land Roller, 43’ SN: 08-43-1690; JD 980 FC, 36.5’, Depth Control, 3 Bar Harrow; White 271 Disc, Rock Flex, 22.5; JD 400 Rotary Hoe 30’ Rigid; 1200 Gallon SS Nurse Tank On Tandem Axle, 5.5 Honda Pump

(2) KW Semis & (2) Timpte Trailers

‘99 KW W900L Areo Stand Up Sleeper 3406E Cat 550hp 13sp, 699,537 Miles, Diff, Jake, Deluxe Cab, 280� WB, Sharp; ‘96 KW W900B, 372,202 Act 2 Owner Miles. 13sp, Detroit 60 Series, 485hp, Day Cab, Diff, Jake, Single Line Wet Kit, Sharp; ‘07 Timpte Super Hopper Grain Trailer, 40’x66�x96�, Roll Tarp, Air Ride, Air Scale, SS Back & Corners, Ag Hoppers, Very Clean; ‘03 Timpte Super Hopper Grain Trailer 40’x96�x66�, Roll Tarp, Air Ride, Air Scale, SS Back & Corners, Very Clean

Orthman Scraper, Grain Cart, Other Equip.

Orthman Model 509-747 FE8120 Dirt Scraper Pull Type, Like New, SN: 2914-02; Brent 876 Grain Cart, 30.5-32, Roll Tarp, Setup For Scale, New Unload Auger; JD MX8 3pt Rotary Mower, 540PTO; Kasco 15’x6� Hyd Drive Seed Auger, (Fits Air Seeder); Onan 55KW PTO Generator On Cart; Farmall Super M Factory LP Gas, Clam Shell, Completely Restored w/New Tires

Ford Pick Up – Fuel Tanks

1996 Ford F350 XLT, Dually, 4 Door, 7.3L, 4x4, Aluma-Line Flat Bed Box; 1000 Gal Fuel Tank, Hi-Capacity Pump; JD & Shore Model 930 Moisture Tester

6IEWING$ATESs-ARCH AM PM www.maringauction.com

Cihak Farms, Owners


We Sell the Earth & Everything On It.

Tillage Equip

FOR SALE OR TRADE: 5088 JD 4640 160HP, duals, 134 AC, 2004 GREAT PLAINS 30 Ft IH tractor w/ IH 2355 ldr, 10400 hrs, eng re-build 2500 Turbo-Till w/ New Rolling 7’ bucket, also w/ Case IH hrs ago, been used as plant- Basket/Reel Blades snowblower, 6292 hrs, good er tractor for last 10 yrs, on Measure 19 1/2� (20� New) 4 shop recond, good cond, 250 acres, clean, runs great. New Tires (Middle) A - One $27,000 for all. 507-432-0644 Leased out my land, $17,500. Condition. Mandako 46 Ft Fairmont MN 763-360-6885 Dalbo MN Land Roller Heavy Duty (3� Bearings) 4000 Acres Like FOR SALE: JD 4560 tractor New. Retiring 319-347-6282 Sell your farm equipment MFD, power shift, 3pt, 1000 PTO, 18.4x46 tires w/ duals, in The Land with a line ad. Classified Line Ads 507-345-4523 4940 hrs, excellent condition, $49,900. 507-383-4916 NEW AND USED TRACTOR FOR SALE: IH 986 tractor, PARTS JD 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, Call 507-345-4523 1979 model, 18.4x38 tires, 55, 50 Series & newer tracvery nice condition, $12,000. tors, AC-all models, Large FOR SALE: JD 960 field culti507-276-5733 Inventory, We ship! Mark vator, 25 1/2’ fully mounted, Heitman Tractor Salvage 3 bar mulcher, $3,000. 507FOR SALE: John Deere G, 715-673-4829 440-2988 1950, $4,800. 651-463-3248

Ag-Chem RoGator 1074 & Tender

The Cihaks have farmed for 35 years and have leased out their cropland. Therefore, they will have their retirement auction Auction Location: 9920 100th St. W., Lonsdale MN 55046


MATT MARING AUCTION CO. INC. PO Box 37, Kenyon, MN 55946 507-789-5421 • 800-801-4502

Matt Maring, Lic. #25-28 • 507-951-8354 Kevin Maring, Lic. #25-70 • 507-271-6280 Adam Engen, Registered WI Auctioneer #2992-52 MN Lic. #25-93 • 507-213-0647

84th Annual

ARMSTRONG Machinery Consignment Community Day Auction Consignment Auction

Ceylon April 18th, 2020

Consignments accepted beginning April 10th, 2020 8:30 am - 5:00 pm

Ceylon Mn

8:30 am

June 9th, 2020 Armstrong Ia 9:00 am

Call early to advertise your items - to take advantage of our extensive marketing program. 712-362-4844

Follow us on FACEBOOK for updates! www.howellrealestateandauction.com Mark Howell - 712-260-9690 Gary Helmers - 507-236-2921 Larry Howell - 712-260-9693

Jack Rooney

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

FtGreat Plains (2006) 37 Ft 9” ing Series 7 Discovator/ Finisher w/ 5 Bar Hi-Residue w) 4 Spike Drag (Dbl Fold) (Long One Tines)(No Welds) Real Ft Good, $16,900/OBO. 2015 New (3” Heavy Duty Pull Type Rock Like Picker (5 Ft Wide Forks) 3 2 Way Hyd Over Electric, Was $18,900 Now $9,500. Retiring 319-347-6676

Planting Equip

ulti-JD 7200 Max-Emerge 12R30 ted, planter, LQ fert, 2 tanks, 507- Yetter row cleaners, 2 sets of corn plates & 1 set of bean plates, always shedded, 200 monitor, 4 new tires, Red Ball pump. 763-360-6885 JD 7000 Corn Planter, 2 Row 3PT, $1,800; Fert. Avail. $350/Row. 715-234-1993 Planter Case IH 1200 6R30”, dry fertilizer, cross auger, row cleaners, corn and bean discs, $11,000. (763)286-1326





Tillage Equip

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

LOCATION: 25506 223RD AVE., RICHMOND, MN 56368 From Richmond, MN, 2.8 miles northwest on Cty Rd 23, 1 mile north on 223rd Ave.

AUCTIONEER’S NOTE: Ralph’s family has been on the same farm since 1884. All equipment is shedded and most items purchased new. / PREVIEW: Thursday, March 26 10AM - 3PM or By Appointment / LOADOUT: Wednesday, April 1 9AM - 5PM or By Appointment Yetter 3415 rotary hoe, 15’ New Holland 56 roll bar rake TRACTORS New Holland 310 small square baler 1990 Ford 8630 MFWD, 4,947 hrs. Massey Ferguson row crop Shop-Built small square thrower rack cultivator, 6x30” 1992 Ford 6640 Powerstar SLE MFWD, 3,915 hrs. LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT Shop-Built small square thrower rack Allis Chalmers WD open station Gehl 1000 pull-type forage harvester Small square bale elevator Small square bale elevator, 24’ New Holland 135 single axle SCRAPER & BLADE Soil Mover SM500 pull-type scraper manure spreader DRILL Badger liquid manure pit pump, 9’ Mohawk 150 blade, 7’ McCormick grain drill Kewanee all crop elevator, 42 ATTACHMENTS TILLAGE EQUIPMENT Gehl 99 forage blower Glencoe 3550 field cultivator, 24-1/2’ OTHER FARM EQUIPMENT HAY EQUIPMENT Case-IH 496 disc, 21-1/2’ New Holland 1090 self-propelled White 508 spring reset plow swather Chisel plow


Steffes Group, Inc., 24400 MN Hwy 22 S, Litchfield, MN 55355 | 320.693.9371

RALPH & RITA VOGT | RALPH 320.597.2331

or Randy Kath at Steffes Group, 320.693.9371 or 701.429.8894 Complete terms, lot listings and photos at SteffesGroup.com / Randy Kath MN47-007


LOCATION: 15035 50TH ST. NW, MILAN, MN 56262

From Milan, MN, 1.5 miles south on US Hwy 59, 1/2 mile west on 50th St. NW.

Spraying Equip 3pt Top Aire 45’, 20” spacings, hyd pump, 300 gal, less than 1000 acres, 3 shut offs, always been shedded, hyud fold, like new. $8,450/OBO. 507-220-6810 4710 JD self propelled sprayer, 90’ booms, triple nozzles, 5 section shut offs, foamer, brown box controller, 3800 hrs, 380/90R46 tires, and 650/65R38 floater tires, exc shape. Will sell floaters separate. 507-220-5153 ‘96 Willmar 765 air ride 2387 hrs, JD engine, Mid tech, 12.4x42 tires, 75’ boom, 20” spacing, 600 gallon stainless steel tank, foam markers, inductor, winterized. 763-2952724 or 763-300-2379 Sprayer Hardi Ranger 550 45’ boom, could easily made to 60’, Hyd pump, 5500 controller, like new, single tips, $13,000. (763)286-1326

Do you have an upcoming auction?



Row stingers for 22” or 30” rows, brand new, never been used w/ 2 ridge tires, $1,200. 507-220-6810

AUCTIONEER’S NOTE: After a lifetime of farming, Jim & Paulette have decided to retire. Equipment is well maintained and shedded.

1993 Unverferth HT30 header TRACTORS PLANTER trailer 1997 John Deere 9200 4WD, 4,712 2007 John Deere 1760 vacuum SPRAYER hrs. planter 2015 Fast 9610 sprayer 2008 John Deere 7930 MFWD, 2,162 hrs. TILLAGE EQUIPMENT AUGERS John Deere 4560 2WD, 7,805 hrs. 2014 John Deere 2700 disc ripper Westfield MK80-61 auger, 61’x8” 2013 Sunflower 5035 field COMBINE & HEADS Westfield W80-31 loadout auger, cultivator, 30’ 2010 John Deere 9570 combine, 1995 Sunflower 1433-25 disc, 25’ 31’x8” 1,201 sep. hrs., 1,740 engine hrs. Unverferth hyd. drill fill auger 2016 John Deere 625F HydraFlex GRAVITY BOXES & flex head, less than 1,000 acres OTHER FARM SUPPORT GRAIN CART 2014 Harvestec 5306C chopping Brent GT740 gravity box EQUIPMENT corn head Glencoe F557B rotary ditcher Brent GT440 heavy duty gravity John Deere pickup head Round bale trailer, 80’ box 2002 Loftness 962H snowblower Brent 472 grain cart GPS EQUIPMENT Fuel barrel, 2,000 gal. (2) John Deere brown box TRUCK & TRAILERS (2)John Deere Starfire 3000 globe 1986 IHCS 1900 F1954 tandem axle DRILL grain truck, 47,485 miles John Deere 455 drill, 25’ 2002 May 5th wheel car trailer, 22’



Or Curt Gillespie at Steffes Group, 320.693.9371 or 320.760.4567

Steffes Group, Inc. 24400 MN Hwy 22 S Litchfield, MN 55355 | 320.693.9371

TERMS: All items sold as is where is. Payment of cash or check must be made sale day before removal of items. Statements made auction day take precedence over all - Ashley Huhn MN47-002

Talk to your auctioneer or call our friendly staff at 507-345-4523 or 800-657-4665 to place your auction in The Land – or visit us at www.thelandonline.com


www.thelandonline.com —”Where Farm and Family Meet”

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

Like The Land on Facebook 5 180 ac of Sibley County Farm Land

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Bidding Ends: April 7th ~ 6:00 pm Must be registered and approved to bid by 4:00pm the day of the sale. Bidding Open Now!

This property will sell as two parcels: Location of property within Sibley County: Jessenland Twp, Sections 30 & 31, Range 26 Total of farm: 180 acres approx. 168.52 acres tillable. Productivity Index: 89.4

Parcel 1: 80 total acres, approx. 71.57 acres tillable Productivity Index: 91.1

Parcel 2: 100 total acres, approx. 96.95 acres tillable Productivity Index: 88.1

Note: All acres are published based on Sibley County Online Records and FSA records.

Terms: No Buyers Premium. View all terms online!

Listing Auctioneer: Matt Mages, 507-276-7002 Lic 08-19-001 Broker: Mages Land Co. & Auction Ser vice, LLC.




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Online Only Land Auction

LOCATION: 9717 92nd St SE, Fullerton, ND 58441. From Fullerton, ND, 5.5 miles south on 94th Ave SE, 3.2 miles east on 92nd St SE, north side of road; or from Oakes, ND, 13 miles west on 88th St SE, 4 miles south on 97th Ave SE, 1/8 mile east on 92nd St SE.

AUCTIONEER’S NOTE: Dennis and Kay have decided to retire after farming for 60 years. This excellent line of John Deere equipment was mostly purchased new and stored inside with excellent maintenance. Major equipment begins selling at 10:30 AM. Live online bidding available on major equipment. Registration, terms, & details at SteffesGroup.com.

FREE CASH That’s right! WE will send you $10 by cash app free right now! Text the words MID CASH to 706-761-1745. (MCN) Meet singles right now! No paid operators, just real people like you. Browse greetings, exchange messages and connect live. Try it free. Call now: 855-651-0114. (MCN) SPRING TRAVEL SPECIAL! 7 Day / 6 Night Orlando + Daytona Beach Vacation with Hertz Rental Car Included. Only $398.00. Call 844-2775137 to Reserve. 12 Months to use. (MCN)

INCLUDES: 4WD Tractors, MFWD Tractors & Loader, 2WD Tractors, GPS Equipment, Combines, Heads, Header Trailers, Grain Cart, Swather, Air Seeders & Drills, Planter, Tillage Equipment, SelfPropelled Sprayer, Semi Tractors, Trucks & Pickup, Hopper Bottom Trailers, Other Trailers, Fertilizer & Chemical Equipment, NH3 Tanks, Seed Tender & Grain Vac, Conveyors & Augers, Other Equipment, Collectible Tractors & Equipment, Collectible Car, Shop Equipment, Tanks, Farm Support Items & Tires

SteffesGroup. com Steffes Group, Inc., 2000 Main Avenue East, West Fargo, ND

DENNIS & KAY WERRE | Vern, 701.710.0158 or Tadd Skaurud at Steffes Group, 701.237.9173 or 701.729.3644

TERMS: All items sold as is where is. Payment of cash or check must be made sale day before removal of items. Statements made auction day take precedence over all advertising. $35 documentation fee applies to all titled vehicles. Titles will be mailed. Canadian buyers need a bank letter of credit to facilitate border transfer. SCOTT STEFFES ND81

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020 Hay & Forage Equipment


www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

• 5/8” drum roller wall thickness • 42” drum diameter wall thickness • 4”x8” frame tubing 3/8” thick • Auto fold


FOR SALE: Wheat straw, WANTED: Case IH 60 stalk FOR SALE: Black Angus bulls corn stalks and dairy qual- chopper, complete or for also Hamp, York, & Hamp/ ity alfalfa, round 5x6 net parts. FOR SALE: 1 Red Duroc boars & gilts. Alfred wrapped bales. 507-829-3292 Angus bull, serviceable age. Kemen 320-598-3790 4-6 Polled Hereford steers. Grain Handling 1 Farmall Cub tractor, origPoultry inal white one. 320-282-4846 Equipment FOR SALE: 2020 Neville built WANTED: JD 450 or 780 Young Brown Hens For Sale: aluminum air, seeder special manure spreader, good or Ready to Go April 1, $11 Each grain trailer, 38.5’, new con- parts; NH 718 chopper; also Call or Text 715-828-1829 dition. For photo and infor- JD 7000 4 row planter. 320mation call or text 218-791- 630-8131 3400 Sell Your Livestock WANTED: JD 336 or 327 balWANTED: Farm Fan grain er; NH 315 baler; also NH with a line ad in dryer, model 410, CF/SA, 479 or 488 haybine; JD 1209 THE LAND! good condition; looking also or 1219 haybine. All items Call us today at for Farm Fan CF270 for any condition. 320-630-8131 parts. 320-815-3495 507-345-4523 Find what you’re looking for in The Land!

Wanted All kinds of New & Used farm equipment - disc chisels, field cults, planters, soil finishers, cornheads, feed mills, discs, balers, haybines, etc. 507438-9782 Buying and selling any gold & silver items, collector coins, diamonds, gold jewelry, silver dollars, rare currency. No collection too big. Kuehl’s Coins, Fairmont, Minnesota, 507-235-3886, 507-399-9982, open 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.

FARM EQUIPMENT FOR SALE ‘13 New Holland T8.390, 19 speed powershift 30

MPH, front suspension, cab suspension, 480/80R50 duals, 380/80R38 front duals, 540/1000 PTO, luxury cab, complete guidance system, warranty, 2085 hours, 3.24% 5 year fixed rate financing ..... $125,000 ‘12 CIH Magnum 340, 19 speed powershift, suspended front axle, cab suspension, guidance, 480/80R50 duals, 4850 hrs ............................ $82,000 ‘06 John Deere 8330T, 18” tracks, wide stance on

Custom Farming Acres We are a family farm that is looking to expand our operation with more custom or rental acres in Blue Earth and surrounding counties. (507) 420-0490 WANTED: DAMAGED CORN - LIGHT TEST WEIGHT & HIGHER MOISTURE CORN. PAYING COMPETITIVE PRICES DEPENDING QUALITY. ZANE HANSON (507) 459-8653 WANTED TO BUY: Case IH Magnum 215 tractor or equivalent, Also 8 or 12RN planter, & Farmall 504 tractor complete or for parts. Also, Red Angus bull, serviceable age. 320-282-4846 WANTED TO BUY: JD 90120 HP tractor, 50-55 Series, MFD, SGC. 1000 gal LP tank. 320-286-5226

120” spacing, 2170 hours ............................. $87,500 ‘92 John Deere 4555, MFWD, powershift, 18.4R42 duals, 6300 hours, 1 owner tractor................ $38,500 ‘12 John Deere 7260R, IVT transmission, 480/80R50 singles, 5200 hours ....................................... $69,000 ‘19 John Deere Gator TX 4X2, 567 hours ..... $5,750 ‘15 John Deere S670 combine, 2WD, Pro-drive, multi-speed feederhouse, 520/85R42 duals,


Greenwald, MN • 320-987-3177 14 miles So. of Sauk Centre



’15 JD 690, 4x4, 1745/1160 sep hrs,

’09 Drago 6R, 30" chopping fits JD ........................... $17,500

CM, chopper, 650x38 tires & duals ................... $179,000

Flagship ................................................................ $14,500

’04 JD 9760, 2268/3460 CM, chopper duals............ $50,000

’13 Case/IH 3408 8R, 30" for Flagship....................... $19,500

’01 JD 9650 STS, 3014/4325 CM, chopper, duals .... $37,000

’02 Case/IH 2208 8R, 30" fits 1400-2000

’00 JD 9650 STS, 2645/3623 chopper, duals ............ $37,000

series combines ................................................... $11,000

’01 JD 9750 STS, 3013/4156 CM, chopper, duals .... $39,000

Case/IH 1083 8R, 30" ................................................... $7,900

’11 Case/IH 8120, 1650/2250 Tracker, Rt, chopper, duals ................................................ $89,500 ’11 Case/IH 7120, 1610/2200 Tracker, Rt, chopper, duals ................................................ $89,500

Rt, chopper, duals ................................................ $89,500

4WD TRACTORS ’90 Ford 876, 8523 hrs duals .................................... $24,500 ’14 Case/IH 370 HD, 7065 hrs, 1000 PTO duals ....... $75,000

TRACK TRACTORS ’14 Case 350 Rowtrac, 1865 hrs, 120" spacing, 1000 PTO ............................................ $149,000

TRACTOR LOADER BACKHOES ’11 Case 580N, 4x4 cab 2540 hrs ............................. $42,000

ROW CROP TRACTORS ’05 NH TG 230, 3560 hrs, MFWD, 5 40,000 PTO,

auto steer system .................................................. $72,500

Please call before coming to look at equipment.

Keith Bode

70786 510th St. • Fairfax, MN 55332 507-381-1291 • www.keithbodeeq.com

TILLAGE JD 512, 5 shank disc ripper ........................................ $8,500

WHEEL LOADERS ’14 JD 724 K, 9587 hrs, third valve, w/ medford

’10 Case/IH 7120, 1650/2250 Tracker,

combine will be through service program, field ready,

– AgDirect Financing Available –

’06 Drago 8R, 30" chopping fits Case/IH

’13 JD 660, 892/1180 CM, chopper duals.............. $129,000

3 PT, 5 hyd valves, 480x46 front tires & duals,

‘13 John Deere 635F, flexible platform ......... $13,500



extended wear package, chopper, 988 sep. hours, 3.24% 5 year fixed rate AgDirect financing . $137,500



pipe forks................................................... ................ $82,000 ’13 JD 644 K, 5520 hrs, quick coupler, 4.25 yd bucket, new tires ................................................................... $115,000 ’15 Volvo 90G, 4927 hrs, quick coupler & bkt ................ $89,000 ’09 Cat 938H, 7174 hrs, quick coupler & bkt ................. $69,000 ’16 Komotsu WA 270-7, 8193 hrs, quick coupler, 4 yd bucket ................................................................ $72,000 ’16 Komotsu WA 320-7, 6936 hrs, quick coupler, 3.5 yd bucket ............................................................. $83,000 ’13 Komotsu WA 380-7, 7267 hrs, quick coupler, 4.25 yd bucket, aux hyd ............................................ $82,000

EXCAVATORS ’15 Cat 323 FL, 3768 hrs, 40" bkt wired for grade control ...................................................... $125,000 ’14 Komotsu PC 138US-10, quick coupler, 36" bkt, hyd thumb ............................................................ $80,000

’17 Case CX57C, cab & air, 333 hrs rubber tracks ........................................................ $50,000

’11 JD 290GLC, 3347 hrs, 12'6" stick, 42" bucket .......................................................... $110,000

’11 Bobcat E45EM, cab & air, 2965 hrs, rubber tracks ........................................................ $30,000

’11 Case CX300C, 2658 hrs, 12' stick, 54" bucket .. $110,000

LARSON IMPLEMENTS 5 miles east of Cambridge, MN on Hwy. 95 763-689-1179

Look at our website for pictures & more listings: www.larsonimplements.com


www.thelandonline.com —”Where Farm and Family Meet”

Place d Your A ! y a d To

irst Your F for Choice ds! ie if s s la C

Livestock, Machinery, Farmland... you name it! People will buy it when they see it in The Land! To submit your classified ad use one of the following options: Phone: 507-345-4523 or 1-800-657-4665 Mail to: The Land Classifieds P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002 Fax to: 507-345-1027 Email: theland@TheLandOnline.com Online at: www.thelandonline.com

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The ad prices listed are based on a basic classified line ad of 25 words or less. Ads running longer than 25 words will incur an added charge.

 Lawn & Garden  Feed Seed Hay  Fertilizer & Chemicals  Bins & Buildings  Farm Equipment  Tractors  Tillage Equipment  Planting Equipment  Spraying Equipment  Hay & Forage Equipment  Harvesting Equipment

 Grain Handling  Horses & Tack  Exotic Animals Equipment  Livestock Equipment  Pets & Supplies  Wanted  Cars & Pickups  Free & Give Away  Industrial &  Livestock Construction  Trucks & Trailers  Poultry  Recreational Vehicles  Dairy  Miscellaneous  Cattle  Swine NOTE: Ad will be placed in the  Sheep appropriate category if not marked.  Goats





We pay top dollar for your damaged grain. We are experienced handlers of your wet, dry, burnt and mixed grains. Trucks and vacs available. Immediate response anywhere. CALL FOR A QUOTE TODAY

PRUESS ELEV., INC. 1-800-828-6642

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POLLED HEREFORD registered yearling bulls for sale. All shots, Dectomax, semen tested. Halter broke. Delivery available. Klages Herefords. Ortonville, MN. (320) 2732163(h) (605) 880-0521(c)

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CHECK ONE:  Announcements  Employment  Real Estate  Real Estate Wanted  Farm Rentals  Auctions  Agri Business  Farm Services  Sales & Services  Merchandise  Antiques & Collectibles


Indianhead Hereford Sale, April 11th, Viewing at 10:30 a.m., Sale starts at Noon Clipping Demo at 9:30 a.m. University of River Falls Man Valley Lab Farm No. 2 For Information Call Mark 715-760-2350

DEADLINE: Friday at 5:00 p.m. for the following Friday edition. Plus! Look for your classified ad in the e-edition.


THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020


Northern MN March 27, 2020 April 10, 2020 April 24, 2020 May 8, 2020 May 22, 2020

Deadline is 8 days prior to publication. Indicates early deadline, 9 days prior to publication.

City _________________________________________________State _______________ Zip ______________________ Phone ______________________________________________# of times ____________________________________ CHECK

We do not Card # ______________________________________________Exp. Date _____________________________________

SORRY! issue refunds.

Signature __________________________________________________________________________________________ ADVERTISING NOTICE: Please check your ad the first week it runs. We make every effort to avoid errors by checking all copy, but sometimes errors are missed. Therefore, we ask that you review your ad for correctness. If you find a mistake, please call (507) 345-4523 immediately so that the error can be corrected. We regret that we cannot be responsible for more than one week’s insertion if the error is not called to our attention. We cannot be liable for an amount greater than the cost of the ad. THE LAND has the right to edit, reject or properly classify any ad. Each classified line ad is separately copyrighted to THE LAND. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

PO Box 3169 • Mankato, MN 56002 Phone: 507-345-4523 or 800-657-4665 Fax: 507-345-1027 Website: www.TheLandOnline.com e-mail: theland@TheLandOnline.com Ask Your Auctioneer to Place Your Auction in The Land!

Swine 2020 West-Central Wisconsin Show Pig Sale, Saturday, March 28, Viewing at noonSale at 2:00 pm, N35953 County Road S, Whitehall, WI 54773. Selling 125+ head January & February Crossbred, Duroc, Yorkshire, Berkshire, & Hampshire gilts & barrows. Younger pigs are available to purchase offfarm for later shows. For availability, please call. Pig Consigned by: Jamie Goplin 715-530-0875 Grant Giese 715-896-3730 Dean Wetzel 608-769-5246 FOR SALE: Yorkshire, Hampshire, Duroc & Hamp/Duroc boars, also gilts. Excellent selection. Raised outside. Exc herd health. No PRSS. Delivery avail. 320-760-0365 Spot, Duroc, Chester White, Boars & Gilts available. Monthly PRRS and PEDV. Delivery available. Steve Resler. 507-456-7746

Horses & Tack Belgian qtr horse cross, 3 & 4 yr old brown & white geldings, broke to drive & ride; also other cross breeds, broke to drive & ride. Belgian Sorrel mare, broke to drive. B & W draft gelding broke for driving plow. 507521-2560

Pets & Supplies Australian Shepherd Blue-Merle, Red-Merle, Black & Red. First Come, First Pick. 507-390-4619 Leave Message.

Industrial & Construction 1996 JD 310D loader/backhoe, heat, radio, Extend-a-hoe, tight pins, good appearance, 3400 one owner hours, w/ 18” and 30” buckets, asking $25,900. 320-894-3303

Trucks & Trailers FOR SALE: 40’ End dump trailer electric tarp, $15,000. Crysteel 500 bu pup trailer, $2,500/OBO. 715-410-5975

Recreational Vehicles FOR SALE: 2003 Suzuki four wheeler, new front tires. 507327-8101

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Have you renewed your subscription to The Land?


nsinPARMA DRAINAGE PUMPS day, New pumps & parts on hand. on- Call Minnesota’s largest dis953 tributor all, HJ Olson & Company ad 320-974-8990 Cell - 320-212-5336 ossire, REINKE IRRIGATION gilts Sales & Service are New & Used offFor your irrigation needs For 888-830-7757 or 507-276-2073

WANTED FREON R12. We pay CA$H. R12 R500 R11. Convenient. Certified professionals. 312-291-9169 mp- RefrigerantFinders.com/ad roc entWinpower Sales & Service ide. Reliable Power Solutions SS. Since 1925 PTO & automatic 65 Emergency Electric Generators. New & Used ite, Rich Opsata-Distributor ble. 800-343-9376 DV. eve Please recycle this magazine.


ADVERTISING NOTICE: Please check your ad the first week it runs. We make every effort to avoid errors by checking all copy, but sometimes errors are missed. Therefore, we ask that you review your ad for correctness. If you find a mistake, please call (507) 345-4523 immediately so that the error can be corrected. We regret that we cannot be responsible for more than one week’s insertion if the error is not called to our attention. We cannot be liable for an amount greater than the cost of the ad. THE LAND has the right to edit, reject or properly classify any ad. Each classified line ad is separately copyrighted to THE LAND. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.


&4 eldde; eds, Belto ing 507-

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NEW NH T4.75, T4.90, T4.120 w/loader.. ...... On Hand NEW NH Workmaster 60, 50, 35’s/loaders ... On Hand NEW NH T9.645 ............................................. On Hand NH TL100 w/cab ................................................22,500 NEW Massey 4710 w/cab and loader ........... On Hand NEW Massey 4710 rops/loader..................... On Hand NEW Massey 6713 w/cab and loader ........... On Hand Massey 8690 CVT.............................................Coming Massey 1552 w/loader .................................... $21,500 ‘13 NH T8.275, 495 hrs ................................. $133,000 ‘12 Buhler 280..................................................$99,500 ‘09 Versatile 435 3000 hrs ............................ $128,000 ‘08 NH 8010 .................................................... $99,500 ‘08 Agco DT180 CVT...................................... $89,500 ‘07 Massey 1533 ............................................. $11,000 ‘03 Versatile 2310, PS ..................................... $79,500 ‘96 White 6175 FWA....................................... $41,500 ‘96 White 6175 2wd ........................................ $29,500

New NH Hay Tools - ON HAND

TILLAGE ‘14 Sunflower 4412-05.....................................$30,000 ‘10 Wilrich QX2 37’ w/basket.......................... $38,500 ‘09 Wilrich QX 55’5 w/bskt.............................. $37,500 ‘05 CIH 730b cush. w/leads............................ $16,500 JD 512 9-24 blades ......................................... $12,500 JD 512 7-30 blades ............................................$8,500


‘12 White 8186, 16-30 w/liq. fert. .................... $53,000 ‘11 White 8516 CFS, Loaded .......................... $70,000 ‘06 White 8516 cfs .......................................... $45,000 ‘06 White 8186 w/fert ....................................... Coming ‘95 White 6722 loaded .................................... $11,500 White 6122 w/bean unit ................................. $12,500 White 8202 12 row .......................................... Coming

CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT NEW NH E26C mini excavator ...................... On Hand NEW NH track & wheeled skidsteers............ On Hand NEW NH L228/L220/L232 wheeled units ...... On Hand NEW NH C227/C237 track units.................... On Hand 17’ NHL234 cab H/A ....................................... $32,000 2-’12 NH 225 C/H ............................................. Coming

COMBINES NEW Fantini chopping cornhead ........................... Call ‘15 Gleaner S88 ............................................ $230,000 ‘12 Gleaner S77 ............................................ $200,000 ‘03 Gleaner R65, CDF ..................................... $85,000 ‘98 Gleaner R62 .............................................. $62,000 ‘98 Gleaner R62 .............................................. $59,000 Geringhoff parts & heads available

MISCELLANEOUS NEW Salford RTS Units .......................................... Call NEW Salford Plows................................................. Call NEW Unverferth Seed Tenders .............................. Call NEW Westfield Augers ........................................... Call NEW REM VRX Vacs. .............................................. Call NEW Hardi Sprayers............................................... Call NEW Riteway Rollers .............................................. Call NEW Lorenz Snowblowers ..................................... Call NEW Batco Conveyors ........................................... Call NEW Brent Wagons & Grain Carts ......................... Call NEW E-Z Trail Seed Wagons .................................. Call NEW Rock Buckets & Pallet Forks ......................... Call REM 2700, Rental ................................................... Call Pre-Owned Grain Cart ................................... On Hand New Horsch Jokers ....................................... On Hand

Thank You For Your Business! (507) 234-5191 (507) 625-8649

smithsmillimp.com Hwy. 14, 3 miles West of Janesville, MN

Mon.-Fri. 7:30-5:00 • Sat. 7:30-Noon

Anderson Seeds ..........................................................................................3 Asbestos Disease LLC ..............................................................................12 Beck's Hybrids ...........................................................................................1 C & C Roofing ...........................................................................................6 Courtland Waste Handling ..........................................................................5 Freudenthal Dairy ....................................................................................15 Greenwald Farm Center ............................................................................ 29 Henslin Auctions Inc .................................................................... 24, 25, 26 Holland Auctions .....................................................................................26 Homestead Sales ......................................................................................23 Howell Real Estate and Auction ...............................................................26 Inogen .....................................................................................................22 Keith Bode...............................................................................................29 Kerkhoff Auction .....................................................................................27 Land Resource Management .....................................................................25 LandProz.com ..........................................................................................23 Larson Brothers Implement ...................................................................... 29 Mages Auction Service .............................................................................28 Matt Maring Auction Co ...........................................................................26 Mid American Auction .............................................................................23 Northland Buildings .................................................................................10 Northwestern Farm Management ........................................................ 24, 27 Pioneer ....................................................................................................13 Pruess Elevator Inc ..................................................................................30 Pumps Motor & Bearings LLC ...................................................................7 Schweiss Doors ........................................................................................31 Smiths Mill Implement Inc .......................................................................31 Southwest MN Farm Business .................................................................. 11 Southwest MN K-Fence ..............................................................................8 Spanier Welding .......................................................................................17 Steffes Group ......................................................................... 24, 25, 27, 28 Wingert Realty & Land Services ...............................................................25

507-345-4523 • 800-657-4665 PO Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56001 www.thelandonline.com


www.thelandonline.com — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

THE LAND — MARCH 20/MARCH 27, 2020

This week’s Back Roads is the work of The Land Correspondent Tim King. Photos by Jan King.

Bringing Back Books


an Robards has a hard time putting a good book down. That is, until he’s done repairing it. Robards Book Binding and Repair operation is housed in a crowded back room at Viking Books, his used book store on Broadway in Alexandria. “I worked for 25 years in commercial printing, he said. “Only about one-percent of that is responded to. The rest is thrown away. I wanted to get into a business where I saved things.”

In the workshop is also a much-used press which looks like it might be for recovering a book’s front and back covers — also known as boards. There’s also a Kwik Print machine which is used to emboss the title of a book onto its cover. The embossing system is called hot foil stamping. “You take lead type and heat it to 300 degrees and press the machine down on the foil,” Robards said.

Robards can save a book which looks pretty hopeless to the untrained eye. For example, he has a pile of old oversized atlases — some dating back to the 19th century — that have their worn covers detached from the frayed and ruined binding. Some are held together with only rubber bands or cord. “I have a contract to repair some of these,” he said. “I like to use as much of the original as possible.” The tools for rebinding and repairing a book are deceptively simple. Around Robard’s shop space (part of which is filled with his granddaughter’s doll house and shelves of books that he sells on-line at ABE Books), are some small knives, scissors, thread, colored paper, many colors of cow and goat leather, and glue. “The glue is pH neutral,” Robards, who points out that older books were made from acidic papers, says. “It won’t cause the paper to discolor.”

The heat and pressure from the Kwik Print machine imprints the gold from the foil onto the cover. It’s sort of like a branding iron and can be done in red, silver and blue, as well as gold. “I love the look of gold lettering on a new leather cover,” Robards said. A lot of books in need of repair are family bibles. The bibles usually have been passed down in families for generations and have stories and sentiment attached to them. That’s also true of old family cookbooks that people bring in to be rebound or repaired. “These old books have stories,” Robards said. “I really enjoy repairing them.” You can reach Robards at (320) 491-8514 or vikingbk@gctel.net. v

Alexandria, Minn.

Page 4 - March 20/March 27, 2020

THE LAND, Advertising Supplement

Over 130 Auction Events

© 2020

March 20/March 27, 2020 (800) 657-4665 www.TheLandOnline.com theland@TheLandOnline.com P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002

Scheduled for Spring 2020 The 2020 Spring Auctions catalog contains 90 pages of auctions and a special market trends update from Scott Steffes, President of Steffes Group, Inc.

Steffes Group, Inc.

Auctions included in the catalog are land, ag equipment, construction equipment, trucks & trailers, hay & forage, firearms, and more. With over 130 auction events scheduled, you’re bound to find that unique item or parcel of land for which you have been searching.

Built on Trust.

Looking to have an auction and would like to be featured in the next auction catalog? Contact a local representative today to discuss the best options for you.


Have a great Spring!

Contact a location near you to receive our next auction catalog or sign up at



Steffes Group, Inc. is a nationally recognized leader in the auction industry.

We perform On-Site & Online Auctions, Large AgIron Events, Farm Real Estate Auctions, Land Brokerage & Auctions, Farm Asset Management, and Equipment Appraisals. West Fargo, ND 701.237.9173

Grand Forks, ND 701.203.8400

Watford City, ND 701.580.2426

Litchfield, MN 320.693.9371

Sioux Falls, SD 712.477.2144

Lexington, NE 308.217.4508

Mt. Pleasant, IA 319.385.2000

Mason City, IA 641.423.1947

Ames, IA 515.432.6000

5,000± acres of land!


Spring Auctions

S T E F F E S G R O U P, I N C. Selling Land & the Equipment to Farm It Since 1960

THE LAND, Advertising Supplement

Page 2 - March 20/March 27, 2020

UPCOMING Timed Online Auctions in Red with Closing Date

March 20/March 27, 2020 - Page 3




Timed Online

Polk County, MN Land Auction - 197± Acres

Live On-Site

CLOSES: Tuesday, March 24 @ 12PM Crookston, MN

Live On-Site

Driscoll & Driscoll Inc. Farm Retirement Auction

Live On-Site

Timber Lane Farms, Inc. Farm Equipment Auction

Thursday, March 26 @ 10AM 18854 417th Ave SW, East Grand Forks, MN

Timed Online

Large Monroe County, IA Land Auction - 1,500± Acres

Monday, March 30 @ 10AM 1603 S Eisenhower Ave, Mason City, IA

Tuesday, March 31 @ 10AM Lovilia, IA

Swift County, MN Tillable Farmland, Wooded Building Sites & Hunting Ground Auction - Multiple Tracts - 355± Acres CLOSES: Tuesday, March 31 @ 3PM Benson, MN

MARCH/APRIL/MAY REAL ESTATE Larson - Des Moines County, IA Land Auction - 14± Acres Maifeld, Inc. - Butler County, IA Land Auction - 83± Acres Polk County, MN Land Auction - 197± Acres Large Monroe County, IA Land Auction - 1,500± Acres LaMoure County, ND Land Auction - 304± Acres Swift County, MN Tillable Farmland, Wooded Building Sites & Hunting Ground Auction - 355± Acres Grant County, WI Land & Acreage Auction 220± Acres Hall - Madison County, Iowa Hog Facility & Land Auction - 26± Acres Ueland & Willcox - Jackson County, IA Real Estate Auction McKee Button Co. - Muscatine, IA Commercial Real Estate Auction Home w/Outbuildings, Hunting Ground, Tillable Auction - 240± Acres Douglas County, MN Gravel Pit/ Farmland Auction - 71± Acres Douglas County, MN Recreational/ Hunting Land & Tillable Ground Auction - 98± Acres

March 20 / 10AM

Sperry, IA

March 23 / 10AM

Dumont, IA

March 24 / 12PM

Crookston, MN

March 31 / 10AM

Lovilia, IA

March 31 / 12PM

LaMoure, ND

March 31 / 3PM

Benson, MN

April 7 / 1PM

Fennimore, WI

April 8 / 4PM

Winterset, IA

April 9 / 1PM

Sabula, IA

May 7 / 1PM

Muscatine, IA

May 12 / 3PM

Henderson, MN Sibley County

May 14 / 10AM

Alexandria, MN

May 19 / 3PM

Osakis, MN

Live On-Site

Live On-Site

Beik Farms Farm Retirement Auction

Jim & Paulette Anderson Farm Retirement Auction

Thursday, April 2 @ 10AM 1705 Douglas Ave, Nichols, IA

Thursday, April 2 @ 11AM 15035 50th St NW, Milan, MN

Timed Online

Don Engelmann Farm Retirement Auction

CLOSES: Thursday, April 2 @ 7PM 2027 122nd St, Plato, MN

Multiple Tracts

Live On-Site

Clem & Gail Erickson Farm Retirement Auction

Tuesday, April 7 @ 10AM 3037 Co Hwy 27, Twin Valley, MN

Live On-Site

Zart - Grant County, WI Land & Acreage Auction - 220± Acres

West Fargo / 701.237.9173 | Grand Forks / 701.203.8400 | Watford City / 701.580.2426

Tuesday, April 7 @ 1PM Fennimore, WI

Litchfield / 320.693.9371

Rock Tap House Liquidation Auction Ag Gaard LLC - Excess Farm Equipment Auction Quality Tested Hay Auction Steffes Truck Auction Online Steffes Auction - 3/25 Slach - Row Crop Retirement Auction Dennis & Kay Werre Farm Retirement Auction William Pic Equipment Auction Ebling - Farm Retirement Auction Driscoll & Driscoll Inc. Farm Retirement Auction Kowalke & Schmidt Farms Inventory Reduction Auction Sanders - Farm Retirement Auction Ronald J. Oster Estate Farm Equipment Auction Timber Lane Farms, Inc. Farm Equipment Auction Roger Host Farm Auction Manure Pumping & Handling Auction Ralph & Rita Vogt Farm Retirement Auction

Multiple Tracts

Timed Online

Sioux Falls Regional Multi-Party Farm Consignment Auction

CLOSES: Wednesday, April 8 @ 1PM Various Locations

Sioux Falls / 712.477.2144

March 20 / 10AM

Minot, ND

March 20 / 1PM

Story City, IA

March 24 / 12PM March 24 / 10AM March 25 / 10AM

Litchfield, MN Mt. Pleasant, IA West Fargo, ND

March 25 / 1PM

West Branch, IA

March 25 / 10AM

Fullerton, ND

March 25 / 2PM March 26 / 10AM March 26 / 10AM

Lankin, ND Dougherty, IA East Grand Forks, MN

March 26 / 7PM

Buffalo, MN

March 27 / 10AM

Vinton, IA

March 30 / 10AM

Grenora, ND

March 30 / 10AM

Mason City, IA

March 30 / 7PM

Eagle Bend, MN

March 31 / 10AM

Litchfield, MN

March 31 / 7PM

Richmond, MN

Dennis Jones Farm Retirement & J. Jones Farms Inventory Reduction Auction Wright Electric LLC Electrical Contractor Auction Twin Eagle Dairy Excess Inventory Auction Beik Farms Farm Retirement Auction Jim & Paulette Anderson Farm Retirement Auction Don Engelmann Farm Retirement Auction Leo & Linda Bartholomay Farm Retirement Auction Keith & Jody Fischer Farm Retirement Auction Sweeney Farms Reduction Auction Clem & Gail Erickson Farm Retirement Auction Online Steffes Auction - 4/8 City Tractor Co. - Pre-Season Inventory Reduction Auction Sioux Falls Regional Multi-Party Farm Consignment Auction Schiltz Brothers Farm Auction Jerry Schurman Estate Auction Brocket Equity Elevator Co. Equipment Auction Kevin Tweed Farm Retirement Auction Larry & Linda Wanous Farm Retirement Auction Ken & Sharon Erickson Farm Retirement Auction Eugene & Delores Undem Farm Retirement Auction Online Steffes Auction - 4/22 Dean's Landscaping & Nursery Inc. Auction

April 1 / 10AM

Bath, SD

April 1 / 5:30PM

Mediapolis, IA

April 1 / 7PM

Clarissa, MN

April 2 / 10AM

Nichols, IA

April 2 / 11AM

Milan, MN

April 2 / 7PM

Plato, MN

April 3 / 10AM

Sheldon, ND

April 6 / 10AM

Glyndon, MN

April 7 / 10AM

Larimore, ND

April 7 / 10AM

Twin Valley, MN

April 8 / 10AM

West Fargo, ND

April 8 / 1PM

North Liberty, IA

April 8 / 1PM

Larchwood, IA

April 8 / 10:30AM April 9 / 10AM

Rosholt, SD Sauk Centre, MN

April 9 / 10AM

Brocket, ND

April 14 / 10AM

Binford, ND

April 14 / 7PM

Cokato, MN

April 17 / 10AM

Cambridge, MN

April 20 / 10AM

Rogers, ND

April 22 / 10AM

West Fargo, ND

April 22 / 10AM

Wahpeton, ND

Timed Online

Sibley County, MN - Home with Outbuildings, Hunting Ground, Tillable Farmland Auction - 240± Acres CLOSES: Tuesday, May 12 @ 3PM 29996 347th Lane, Henderson, MN

Lexington / 308.217.4508

Complete lot listings & photos at

SteffesGroup.com Mt. Pleasant / 319.385.2000 | Mason City / 641.4231947 | Ames / 515.432.6000

Page 4 - March 20/March 27, 2020

THE LAND, Advertising Supplement

Over 130 Auction Events

© 2020

March 20/March 27, 2020 (800) 657-4665 www.TheLandOnline.com theland@TheLandOnline.com P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002

Scheduled for Spring 2020 The 2020 Spring Auctions catalog contains 90 pages of auctions and a special market trends update from Scott Steffes, President of Steffes Group, Inc.

Steffes Group, Inc.

Auctions included in the catalog are land, ag equipment, construction equipment, trucks & trailers, hay & forage, firearms, and more. With over 130 auction events scheduled, you’re bound to find that unique item or parcel of land for which you have been searching.

Built on Trust.

Looking to have an auction and would like to be featured in the next auction catalog? Contact a local representative today to discuss the best options for you.


Have a great Spring!

Contact a location near you to receive our next auction catalog or sign up at



Steffes Group, Inc. is a nationally recognized leader in the auction industry.

We perform On-Site & Online Auctions, Large AgIron Events, Farm Real Estate Auctions, Land Brokerage & Auctions, Farm Asset Management, and Equipment Appraisals. West Fargo, ND 701.237.9173

Grand Forks, ND 701.203.8400

Watford City, ND 701.580.2426

Litchfield, MN 320.693.9371

Sioux Falls, SD 712.477.2144

Lexington, NE 308.217.4508

Mt. Pleasant, IA 319.385.2000

Mason City, IA 641.423.1947

Ames, IA 515.432.6000

5,000± acres of land!


Spring Auctions

S T E F F E S G R O U P, I N C. Selling Land & the Equipment to Farm It Since 1960

Profile for The Land

THE LAND ~ March 20, 2020 ~ Southern Edition  

"Since 1976, Where Farm and Family Meet"

THE LAND ~ March 20, 2020 ~ Southern Edition  

"Since 1976, Where Farm and Family Meet"

Profile for theland