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“Since 1976, Where Farm and Family Meet” #


P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002 • (800) 657-4665 © 2019 •

September 20, 2019 September 27, 2019

Call 1.800.937.2325 to place your order today! *Traited acres based on Bayer internal estimates.

4-H is a family affair Kristin Kveno visits with the Olsons of Brown County

ALSO INSIDE: Kent Thiesse provides the low-down on farm programs Dick Hagen hits the auction block From The Fields, Swine & U, the latest market news and more!

PAGE 2A — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Head, heart, hands and health P.O. Box 3169 418 South Second St. Mankato, MN 56002 (800) 657-4665 Vol. XLIII ❖ No. 19 36 pages, 2 sections plus supplements

Cover photo by Paul Malchow

COLUMNS Opinion The Bookworm Sez Farm and Food File Table Talk Calendar of Events Life on the Farm: Readers’ Photos Auctions/Classifieds Advertiser Listing Back Roads Farm Programs Mielke Market Weekly From The Fields Swine & U Marketing

2A-5A 4A 5A 6A 6A 15A 16A-23A 23A 24A 1B 3B 5B 8B 9B-10B


Publisher: Steve Jameson: General Manager: Deb Petterson: Managing Editor: Paul Malchow: Staff Writer: Kristin Kveno: Staff Writer Emeritus: Dick Hagen: Advertising Representatives: James McRae: Ryan Landherr: Office/Advertising Assistants: Joan Compart: Lyuda Shevtson: For Customer Service Concerns: (507) 345-4523, (800) 657-4665, Fax: (507) 345-1027 For Editorial Concerns or Story Ideas: (507) 344-6342, (800) 657-4665, Because of the nature of articles appearing in The Land, product or business names may be included to provide clarity. This does not constitute an endorsement of any product or business. Opinions and viewpoints expressed in editorials or by news sources are not necessarily those of the management. The Publisher shall not be liable for slight changes or typographical errors that do not lessen the value of an advertisement. The Publisher’s liability for other errors or omissions in connection with an advertisement is strictly limited to publication of the advertisement in any subsequent issue or the refund of any monies paid for the advertisement. Classified Advertising: $19.99 for seven (7) lines for a private classified, each additional line is $1.40; $24.90 for business classifieds, each additional line is $1.40. Classified ads accepted by mail or by phone with VISA, MasterCard, Discover or American Express. Classified ads can also be sent by e-mail to Mail classified ads to The Land, P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002. Please include credit card number, expiration date and your postal address with ads sent on either mail version. Classified ads may also be called into (800) 657-4665. Deadline for classified ads is 5 pm on the Friday prior to publication date, with holiday exceptions. Distributed to farmers in all Minnesota counties and northern Iowa, as well as on The Land’s website. Each classified ad is separately copyrighted by The Land. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. Subscription and Distribution: Free to farmers and agribusinesses in Minnesota and northern Iowa. $29 per year for non-farmers and people outside the service area. The Land (USPS 392470) Copyright © 2019 by The Free Press Media is published biweekly by The Free Press, 418 S 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727. Business and Editorial Offices: 418 S. 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727, Accounting and Circulation Offices: Steve Jameson, 418 S 2nd Street, Mankato, MN 56001-3727. Call (507) 345-4523 to subscribe. Periodicals postage paid at Mankato, MN. Postmaster and Change of Address: Send address changes to The Land, P.O. Box 3169, Mankato MN 56002-3169 or e-mail to theland@

I pledge my head to clearer thinking; helpful and harmful bugs; which birds left each fall and which ones stuck my heart to greater loyalty; around; and the importance of each critmy hands to larger service; ter that crawled, slithered or walked — no matter how creepy or disgusting they my health to better living for my home, may be. I realized I was part of nature … my club, my community and my country. not apart from nature; and nature defiRight after the Pledge of Allegiance, nitely became part of me. those words were recited before every A few weeks ago I was wandering about 4-H meeting I attended. And I attended LAND MINDS the 4-H building at the Minnesota State quite a few — 10 years worth, plus the Fair. It seemed decades ago since I nermany meetings I went to before I could By Paul Malchow vously presented my demonstration on even become a member. drawing on that big stage inside that We were a 4-H family. My parents big building. (It was decades ago.) In were leaders in the club; my older many cases, the projects on display in brother and sister were 10-year members before me. 2019 were quite different from my day — both in 4-H was a rite of passage and I was chomping at the form and content. Drones, renewable energy and bit to be a member. Like moving to the “adult” table internet broadband were not hot topics in the Stone at Thanksgiving dinner, being an official 4-H member Age. But 4-Hers still build and bake; sew and entitled you to hang out with “the big kids.” Instead stitch; and take great pictures. of staying out of the way while my siblings toiled at The importance of 4-H is (and always has been) their projects, I had projects of my own, my own not the project, but the process. It’s finding out the records to keep, my own demonstrations to plan. shortcut isn’t always the best route. Gardening was an early project and It’s standing in front of a group of peoat the ripe age of 8 I was already an ple and peers, sharing what you’ve old pro. By that time I had already learned. It’s being an officer in a club been quite involved in planting, weedwhen you’ve never been an officer of ing and harvesting the sizeable plot anything before. In the small world of which would keep us in vegetables a 4-H club, everyone … and I mean until next summer. (One of my sister’s everyone … has had those experiences. 4-H projects was canning. I still recall It bonds you somehow. It makes you a the triumphs and tears as she would part of something bigger. pull jar after jar out of the canner — In this issue, Kristin Kveno writes searching for that perfect specimen to about the Olson family and their deditake to the county fair.) cation to 4-H; and it took me back to Both my father and brother were avid photograthe thoughts I’m sharing with you today. Much in phers, so 4-H photography was another chance for the way FFA now includes “town kids” in its memme to sit at the adult table. Armed with my Kodak bership rolls, 4-H is no longer exclusive to rural resInstamatic, I was finally free to shoot whatever I idents. The lessons learned through 4-H transcend pleased … within reason. While I was free to take geography and lifestyle. You can learn a lot of things pictures, the film and developing were NOT free. through 4-H; but none of those things will ever be Probably the first lesson I learned in 4-H photograas important as the things you learn about yourself. phy was to be prudent before I clicked the shutter. The last line in the 4-H pledge now reads, “My Lesson two was, the better my photos’ quality, the more likely my parents would invest in more film. I health to better living for my club, my community, received many sideways glances from Mom and Dad my country and my world.” In our global society, it is a fitting amendment. Our world is definitely in with photographs of my feet; or a tiny speck in a need of better living. And 4-H might just show us blue sky (“It was an eagle, Mom. It really was!”) But my favorite project was Conservation (today’s the way. Paul Malchow is the managing editor of The Land. 4-Hers call it “Environmental Science.”) Growing up He may be reached at v on a farm, I came out of the womb learning respect for God’s creation; the role we play in nurturing what we have; and the fragility and power of the natural world. But the 4-H Conservation project opened up that world to me in a new way. I learned the trees and 7A — On-line bidders show strong plants which filled our woods by name. I noticed interest for retirement auction how squirrels would bury a stockpile of butternuts. When one of those butternuts would sprout through 9A — Milford 4-H club has been the soil, the squirrels would dig the cache back up serving youth since 1927. for fine dining. I learned the difference between



THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Christine and the story of the orange sulphur cosmos By RENAE B. VANDER SCHAAF The Land Correspondent Gardens are really a sanctuary for everyone. It is a place to dream, create, work up a sweat pulling those ever-present weeds, or just enjoy the luxury of the outdoors. My gardens do live up to my expectations, because the only thing I want from them is a place to grow plants, to delight in each flower during their season of blossoming and just have a place to dillydally on a beautiful day. There really are no rules to my gardening, except to ENJOY!!!! Gardening in this freestyle way is full of surprises. When I raked off the plant debris early this spring, I was surprised to see these little flowers I call Johnny Jump-Ups blooming. This perky little plant kept surprising me all summer by popping up in many locations in the garden and blooming every day in many different shades. This is one self-sowing plant I do enjoy. I can’t really say I despise the Wormwood plant. It is beautiful and fills in spaces where there are no plants. But when this gigantic — almost bush-like — plant seemed to be interfering with my Johnny Jump-Ups’ plans for invasion, some of them had to be dug out. Oof-da! They reminded me that my abhorrence towards exercise may not be a good thing — especially at my age. My grandchildren recently explained to a visiting guest that she had to be a bit understanding because I was really, really REALLY OLD!!!! Ooh, the raw honesty of those youngsters…. Each year there are old flowers to welcome back and new flowers to enjoy. One of my absolute favorites this year came from Angela Dykstra. She’s the one that has those cheerful orange flowers which bloom by the stop sign on Seventh St. I finally presumed upon our friendship to ask for a source of those seeds. She was so kind and saved seeds from last year’s harvest to share with me. Just like her grandma did for her. Angela’s grandmother, Christine Elster Peterson, began her married life as a farmer’s wife. Like


See COSMOS, pg. 4A


Thank You Buyers


40 th Anniversary Purple Ribbon Auction Grand Champion Market Beef: $40,000 (*) Exhibitor: Ben Freking, Jackson County Buyer: Ames Construction Reserve Champion Market Beef: $15,500 Exhibitor: Teagan Young, Winona County Buyer: Minnesota Farmers Union Foundation, Farmers Union Agency, Farmers Union Industries, and Minnesota State Fair Concessionaires Grand Champion Dairy Steer: $18,900 (*) Exhibitor: Landon Mattson, Freeborn County Buyer: American Foods Group, Central Livestock Assn., and O & S Cattle Co. Reserve Champion Dairy Steer: $11,100 (*) Exhibitor: Madison Mattson, Freeborn County Buyer: American Foods Group Grand Champion Market Barrow: $13,650 Exhibitor: Cameron Prins, Murray County Buyer: Cargill Animal Nutrition Reserve Champion Market Barrow: $14,000 (*) Exhibitor: Ryan Risius, Mower County Buyer: Merck Animal Health, Hormel Foods, Wakefield Pork, Becks Hybrids, Wilson Trailers and Mower Co. 4-H Reserve Champion Market Gilt: $11,300 Exhibitor: Lilly Carr, Houston County Buyer: Minnesota Farmers Union Foundation, Farmers Union Agency, and Farmers Union Industries, CIH Hedging, Hog Slat, and PALS Grand Champion Market Lamb: $9,000 (*) Exhibitor: Grace Arthur, Steele County Buyer: Minnesota Farmers Union Foundation, Farmers Union Agency, and Farmers Union Industries Reserve Champion Market Lamb: $7,000 (*) Exhibitor: Mara Hallock, Dakota County Buyer: Minnesota Farmers Union Foundation, Farmers Union Agency, Farmers Union Industries, and Minnesota State Fair Concessionaires Grand Champion Meat Goat: $5,000 Exhibitor: Thomas Sell, Cottonwood County Buyer: Minnesota Farmers Union, Farmers Union Agency, and Farmers Union Industries Reserve Champion Meat Goat: $3,150 Exhibitor: Elizabeth Krause, Dodge County Buyer: Minnesota Farm Bureau Grand Champion Dairy Meat Goat: $4,550 Exhibitor: Grace Bayerl, McLeod County Buyer: LongCheng Hmong Meats

• • • • • • • • • • •

Other “Champion Buyers’ Club” Donors ($5,000.00 or more in contributions): Cemstone Compeer Financial Boehringer Ingelheim Provimi Suidae Health & Production O’Sullivan Cattle Co. Featherlite Trailers Steele County Purple Ribbon Club Jackson County Purple Ribbon Club Mower County Purple Ribbon Club Goodhue County Purple Ribbon Club

(*) denotes a new record price in 2019

Total 2019 4-H Auction Premiums = $760,000 (*) 106 4-H Exhibitors – Over 1,300 Auction Buyers 80 percent of the proceeds from the Purple Ribbon 4-H Livestock Auction go to the 106 4-H youth participants, with the balance of the funds used to fund special youth animal science projects and programs throughout the year, as well as to help fund the Auction scholarship program. In 2019, three outstanding 4-H junior leaders received $4,000 scholarships, fifteen received $2,000.00 scholarships, and twenty-three received $1,000 scholarships, for a total of 41 scholarships and $65,000 awarded through the Purple Ribbon Auction.

2019 Purple Ribbon 4-H Auction Scholarship Winners and Sponsors Name:

$4,000 Scholarships

Samuel Bobendrier, Pipestone Co. Martha Moenning, Mower Co. Hannah Neil, Dakota Co.


Boehringer Ingelheim Cargill Animal Nutrition Skyride DMC, Don McClure

$2,000 Scholarship

Regan Carlson, Swift Co. Jay Dicke, Goodhue Co. Sean Doyle, Faribault Co. Kelsey Erf, Goodhue Co. Ryan Hanson, Freeborn Co. Anica Herrera, Carver Co. Isabelle Lindahl, Chisago Co. Thomas Netzke, Redwood Co. Noah Netzke, Redwood Co. Gigi Otten, Freeborn Co. Cal Schultz, Rice Co. Cara Teigum, Watonwan Co. Tormanya Tut, Fillmore Co. Jacob Welch, Fillmore Co. Mikayla Wetzel, Rice Co.




Riverview, LLP/ Wulf Cattle Holden Farms MN Pork Board Corn Roast; Brad & Lori Ribar Cargill Animal Nutrition Independent Community Bankers of MN Mouse Trap Cheese Curds MN Farmers Union Pipestone Grain Co. Compeer Financial LA-CO Industries Michael Dove, Gislason Law Office & Gary Koch, Christensen Farms Big Gain Feeds Midwest Machinery Federated Co-ops Inc.

$1,000 Scholarship

Lauren Arthur, Steele Co. Emily Benrud, Goodhue Co. Molly Carnell Brown Co. Kyerra Carter, Pope Co. Sydney Eickhoff, Fillmore Co. Brittany Erickson, Cottonwood Co. Brock Erickson, Mower Co. David Hassing, Faribault Co. Leah Heffley, Mille Lacs Co. Maia Irvin, Mower Co. Colton Ivers, Mower Co. Taylor Jerde, Dakota Co. Carissa Kleinwort, Dodge Co. Elizabeth Krienke, McLeod Co. Hannah Kruse, Rock Co. Tyson Meidl, Brown Co. Lukas Pierson, Watonwan Co. Faith Sayles, Mower Co. Kyle Stranberg, Chippewa Co. Matthew Strobel, Waseca Co. Justin Thomforde, Goodhue Co. Gentrie Vatthauer, Traverse Co. Ashley Wagner, Jackson Co.


Interstate Power Systems Schroeder Concessions Anderson Seeds Mary Bennett Kriva, Dick Boniface, & Juanita Reed Boniface Hubbard Feeds Extended Ag Services & Steve Resler Holden Farms Kent Thiesse & Steve Pooch Jake & Lindsay Grass Duke’s Poutine Hormel Foods In Memory of Helen Anderson Shanghaied Henri’s Pronto Pups – The Karnis Family Minnesota CattleWomen Isabel Burke’s Saltwater Taffy Davis Family Dairies Topigs Norsvin USA MN Simmental Assn. Commodity & Ingredient Hedging Interstate Power Systems DLCC Ranch – Dar & Lynn Giess MN Corn Growers Assn.

PAGE 4A — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Know thy enemy: ‘The Mosquito’ tells all A dentist’s drill on “fast.” “The Mosquito: A Human History of Our Deadliest Predator” Or maybe a string of fourby Timothy C. Winegard wheelers heading up a hill, c.2019, Dutton or a busted wind-up toy car? Or, or, wait! It’s more like an $28.00 / $34.95 Canada electric guitar stuck on high 485 pages C, right by your ear. How else would you describe the oid, mosquitoes merely ing malaria to the whine from the creature THE BOOKWORM switched dishes, thereby New World, causyou’ll learn about in “The SEZ surviving “to inject death ing “genocide by Mosquito” by Timothy C. and disease into humanity germs” within By Terri Schlichenmeyer Winegard? throughout our history” groups of indigeNo doubt about it: we are and to become the number nous people. In outnumbered. one killer of humans. 1647, a Dutch slave ship from There are, says Winegard, more than Humans were aware of mosquitoWest Africa brought yellow fever to 100 trillion mosquitoes in the world at borne diseases at least 5,200 years Barbados. any given moment, in every cranny of ago, though they didn’t know that the planet, “save Antarctica, Iceland, mosquitoes were at fault. Sumerians Malaria alone, he says, “takes a life the Seychelles, and a handful of wrote about malaria, and blamed it on every thirty seconds” although mosFrench Polynesian micro-islands.” For gods; scholars say that the Bible quito-borne diseases aren’t the killers us, that’s a really bad number: just alludes to malaria-as-plague. Greek they once were. During the Civil War, since the turn of this century, the dissoldiers were repeatedly laid-low by mosquitoes played a part in the war eases that mosquitoes carry have “some form of hemorrhagic fever” itself but also in civilian life, alone caused some two million people to die. spread by mosquitoes, and monsoon causing thousands of deaths and milrains helped mosquitoes kill 1,500 lions of dollars in economic damage. And we can’t do much about it. Neither could the dinosaurs, who were people during the First Crusade. Not until after the war did scientists Winegard says that one of Columbus’s recognized the culprit… on the mosquito menu millions of men likely was “person zero” in bringyears ago. When dinos died by aster-

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According to author Timothy C. Winegard, mosquitoes exist specifically to torment you. They serve no other purpose; not as food, not to pollinate, they’re not even pretty to look at. They’re here to bite and reproduce, and if that isn’t enough to make you scratch, then slap your hands on “The Mosquito” and learn more. Unable to extricate human history from that of the insect, Winegard embraces the connection in this book by following a basic timeline of death and destruction throughout the eons. This is hard history. We learn or are reminded of battles, travels and worstlaid plans of men. But it’s also a story filled with wonder that a creature so small can wreak havoc on beings so big. You almost have to respect that — despite your natural loathing for the critters. Certainly, history buffs and science lovers will enjoy this book; but it’s also a heavier-duty, gee-whiz tale that’s totally absorbing. If you’re ready to learn, look for “The Mosquito.” You know the drill … v

Flowers a memory of the farm COSMOS, from pg. 3A many young couples, the Petersons hoped with hard work and very frugal living they would be able to make a living off the land. For six years they put forth their best effort in South Dakota. I can imagine that when the hail storms came along with the financial difficulties of the early 1930’s, Christine would head out to her garden, to pray. These bright orange blossoms, which sway in the slightest breeze, would cheer her. She could return to her mundane daily chores reminded that her Lord understood and He was still taking care of them. When the crops failed again, it became evident the Petersons needed to leave the farm. In their preparations to move, she carefully saved seeds from her favorite outdoor flowers. The flowers were a part of the farm she could take to town. Her husband secured a job in Sioux Falls. It wasn’t the life she imagined,

but she loved and stood by her man through those difficult times because she believed the words in the Holy Bible: “Thus far has God helped us” — despite the fact their present situation seemed to dictate otherwise. Christine Elster Peterson was not one to feel sorry for herself. She got busy making their new house in town a home. It was a haven for her husband after a hard day at his job, and their family which eventually grew to include six children. Many flowers grew under her careful tending — both outside and inside her home. Her delicious homemade bread seemed to say, ‘I love you’ in every bite. These vibrant orange flowers remind me to persevere through tough times and never to lose faith. Thank you, Angela Dykstra, for sharing the flowers and story of your grandma. Through you, we are reminded that a grandparent’s influence is important. Renae B. Vander Schaaf is an independent writer, author and speaker. Contact her at (605) 530-0017 or v

THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Market Facilitation Program: The plan is no plan You know you’re deep in the rabbit hole percent of farmers in the August survey bailout for farmers needed stronger legal backing, when bad news — say, a government said they expect another MFP payment according to multiple people who participated in the report which shows steep cuts in anticito be made … for the 2020 crop year, sug- planning.” pated 2019 crop yields — is good news gesting a majority of farmers are countTranslation: If a taxpayer or two filed a federal because it will hopefully boost prices. ing on payments from USDA helping to lawsuit to stop the MFP scheme, USDA and the Conversely, when good news arrives, like make up future income shortfall.” White House would have trouble defending the an unexpected week of perfect September That majority has one very good reason legal authority either assumes it has to spend $28 weather, it’s actually bad news because it to expect more billions in the upcoming billion in taxpayer money on “the White House’s just drags already low prices even lower. FARM & FOOD FILE election year and, maybe beyond. trade war with China.” But that’s where we find ourselves in President Donald J. Trump has already But don’t expect anyone in Congress to step in to By Alan Guebert agriculture these days; a rabbit hole told them it’s in the bag. protect that taxpayer, Joseph Glauber, USDA’s chief called 2019. In a mid-August tweet, President economist under presidents Bush and Obama, told Worse, none of the Big Ag players or Trump exclaimed, “As they have the Post. our current policymakers want to do learned in the last two years, our great “Congress likes being off the hook,” he explained, things any differently in 2020. All seem quite conAmerican Farmers know that China will not be able “since now they don’t have to take action…” tent to rely on the same farm programs — princito hurt them in that their President has stood with Besides, he added, farmers and the White House pally crop insurance — for another year or two even them … And I’ll do again next year if necessary!” are both happy because one has “a lot of money” though the programs have delivered nearly every Each year, though, the payments have become a and the other “doesn’t have to worry as much about segment U.S. agriculture to an ever deeper price larger portion of actual farm income. In 2019, they the fall-out of the trade war.” dungeon for three years running. will total nearly 14 percent, or one in every seven True, but it all reeks of failure — now and in the That’s not a plan; that’s purgatory. dollars, of net farm income, according to recent esti- coming year: a White House using the U.S. Treasury mates from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Equally disheartening is how farmers and Big as an ATM to paper over its policy failures; Agbiz now seem ready to accept tariff-based MFP, or Getting them next year, however, may not be the Congress happily clueless on what to do with either Market Facilitation Program, payments ($12 billion slam-dunk both farmers and the President currentthe Trump Please tariffs orattached the ballooning MFP payments AD COPY INSTRUCTIONS read email last year, another $16 billion this year) as the new ly presume. to farmers; and farm leaders who quietly hope the normal instead of what all clearly are, the objective“Senior government officials,” explained a lengthy MFP gravy train continues running well into the CODE AND NAMES ALREADY ON AD THE LAND 3.7461 x ly abnormal. Sept. 9 Washington Post story, “including some in REPfuture. Indeed, a recent “Ag Economy Barometer” poll, the White House, privately expressed concern that That means the only plan is more of the same, released by Purdue University Sept. 4, showed, “58 the Trump Administration’s multi-billion dollar and the same hasn’t been any plan at all. The Farm and Food File is published weekly through the United States and Canada. Past columns, events and contact information are posted at v To the Editor, farm and the odor was so great we had to go inside. And while attending an auction last week, they With the continuing tariffs against China, I see were spraying across the fence. The odor was so this as a positive step. We need to concentrate on strong we had to leave the area.) Just to sell to working toward self-sufficiency in this country — China. not greater dependence on other countries. It is bad enough that this is being done for U.S. The Chinese are doing everything to undermine consumption, much less selling the products to and destroy this country: from cyber attacks, identiChina. Why should we have to get cancer from ty theft, suppressing Christian beliefs and buying being exposed to all of these chemicals, and why businesses in this country. should we have to stand by while rural America Also, just think of how much less insecticide, herbecomes saturated with confinement barns that bicide and fertilizer that would have to be put on deplete our water resources and pollute our environthe land which would help protect the air and ment? ground water. As it stands now, we are poisoning Mike Handzus ourselves and future generations. (Just two weeks Lakefield, Minn. ago, they were spraying for aphids at an adjacent


Letter: Why trade with China?

Letters to the editor are always welcome. Send your letters to: Editor, The Land P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002 e-mail:

All letters must be signed and accompanied by a phone number (not for publication) to verify authenticity.

Darin Zanke

New Ulm/Mankato Area

David Baldner Austin, MN

Michael Terry Fairbault, MN


PAGE 6A — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Kids, dogs and puddles can teach valuable lessons in life Rare is it to find a farm without a loyal How disappointing is it to wake up dog. Even more rare is a farm that doesn’t after years of the climb to adulthood and sport a water puddle or two after the think, “Is this all?” Erma Bombeck once rains have fallen to rehydrate the crops. wrote, “The saddest thing in the world is to wake up on Christmas morning and And farms without children are simply not be a child.” missed opportunities. She was spot-on. And there’s where the I was wasting vast amounts of time water puddle comes in. recently on social media when I came upon a video of a young boy (maybe three That little boy recognized an opportuniTABLE TALK or four years old) walking along a paved ty to add more fun to his day, so he trail of sorts with his dog. The dog was as By Karen Schwaller stopped and acted upon it. It didn’t take tall the little boy was, and the boy was but a minute, but he knew that the “leading” him on a leash. The two were moment (or perhaps the water puddle) walking along together at the pace of the little boy might be gone if he didn’t take advantage of it right — obvious best friends. They were out in the sunthen. So he sported wet shoes and a smile, his dog shine of the day, just enjoying each other’s company. waiting faithfully and patiently for his friend to The dog was being very patient with the little boy’s have his fun. slow pace. There is so much to learn from this brief story. Soon they came upon a puddle of water. The two From the boy, we learn to recognize an opportunity walked around it first, then the little boy had an when we see it and to act on it, no matter how idea. He looked back at the puddle, looked at his insignificant it may seem. We learn it’s good to trust friend, carefully bent over and placed the leash on the ground and returned to the puddle. He walked back and forth through the water several times, enjoying every pass. The dog stood there looking straight ahead, lookVisit to view our complete ing back at the boy occasionally, waiting patiently calendar & enter your own events, or send an e-mail until his friend returned. When he did, the boy very with your event’s details to gently and carefully picked up the leash and together they continued on. Sept. 25-27 — Women in Agribusiness Summit — Minneapolis, Minn. — Topics include leadership; Something about this video struck me. How many sustainability; fertilizer innovations; commodity risk times are we too busy with life to enjoy the simple management; American commodities in China; workpleasures that await us every day? When was the place stress; negotiation skills. — Contact Women in last time we tromped through a water puddle when Agribusiness at (612) 370-1234. out on a walk? I know it’s been a long time since I have known that kind of simple joy. Oh, I’ve done it Sept. 26 — Antimicrobial Resistance in Agriculwhen out doing chores, but that doesn’t count. ture — St. Paul, Minn. — Includes a panel discusThat’s just part of doing chores after a rain. sion on recent research with swine veterinarians, farm employees and health professionals centered I’m talking about an opportunity to be a kid again. around the use of antimicrobial products and the How many times have we wished for that? While I poential transfer of resistance via food or direct conwouldn’t want to go through the growing-up process tact with animals. Contact Diane Kampa at dkampa@ again, I have wished to see the world through the or (612) 626-4826. eyes of a child again — before adulthood came and skewed my view of the world. Reality comes to greet Sept. 28 — Fall Gardening Knowledge for Free us sooner or later, and we realize that the grown— St. Cloud, Minn. — Topics include houseplant cutups in our lives made adulthood look a lot more fun tings; planting and dividing perennials; planting and than it really was. caring for bulbs; and garden composting. Contact the Stearns County Extension Master Gardeners at (320) d 255-6169 ext. 1. Sept. 28 — Soil Health Demonstration — NorthHigh Tensile Fencing field, Minn. — Topics include the integration of cover crops; annual crops; perennial crops; and livestock. Speedrite Energizers Includes a live soil health demonstration. Contact Watering Systems Amanda Madison at amadison@landstewardshipproGrazing Supplies or (612) 722-6377. Oct. 5 — Backyard Chicken Basics Class — St. SOUTHWEST MINNESOTA Daniel & Terese Hall Paul, Minn. — This class will cover all aspects of 40133 - 620th Ave. backyard flock management in an urban setting: getButterfield, MN 56120 ting permits, choosing suitable varieties, raising 507-956-2657

that our true friends will stop with us along our path. It’s important to show our friends genuine respect and compassion. It’s important to see the world as a kid sometimes, and it’s always important to stop our busy-ness to play. From that wonderful dog, we learn to always be patient with our friends; to walk their path with them; to wait for them and let them know we are there to protect them; to look back and make sure they are still with us; and to know that our friends will always come back for us. We can’t stay kids forever, and that’s sad. But as they say, “Growing up is obvious. Growing old is optional.” My money is on the kids and dogs for showing us how to plow through this crazy ride we call life. Even when life’s muddy water puddles lie ahead to challenge us. Karen Schwaller brings “Table Talk” to The Land from her home near Milford, Iowa. She can be reached at v

Calendar of Events


chicks, coop and run requirements, feed and nutrition, common health issues, predators, cold-climate care, chickens in the garden, composting chicken waste. — Contact (651) 645-0818. Oct. 6 — Harriman-Nielsen Fall Festival — Hampton, Iowa — Activities include free concerts, wagon rides, crop contests, pumpkin decorating and cribbage tournament. Contact Jackie Dohlman at (641) 425-5281. Oct. 7 — Healthy and Homemade Workshop — Charles City, Iowa — Session topics include slow cooker meals; food safety tips; cooking for household of one or two; meal planning. — Contact Floyd County Extension and Outreach at (641) 228-1453. Oct. 10 — Fall Gardening Seminar — Sauk Rapids, Minn. — Topics include tree tests and diseases in central Minn. and climate change; fall gardening winding down for the season; and what orchids are easiest to grow, proper lighting, watering, temperature, humidity and potting. — Contact Katie Drewitz at (320) 255-6169 ext. 1. Oct. 14 — Healthy and Homemade Workshop — Charles City, Iowa — Session topics include slow cooker meals; food safety tips; cooking for household of one or two; meal planning. — Contact Floyd County Extension and Outreach at (641) 228-1453. Oct. 17-19 — Women in Sustainable Agriculture Conference — St. Paul, Minn. — Topics include regenerative farm design; resilient bodies and minds; women in livestock; farm finances; grazing cover crops; growing and marketing perennial fruits. — Contact Audrey Alwell at or (888) 906-6737 ext. 701.

THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Retirement auction draws live and on-line bidding By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus DANUBE, Minn. — Perfect weather on Aug. 29 certainly set the stage for the farm retirement auction of Roger Heller — a long-time real estate/farm management specialist in Olivia, Minn. With bright blue skies, temps in mid-70s, and a gentle breeze drifting across the horizon, buyers (and lookers) from a three-state area ventured four miles north of Danube. Weather was less of an issue for the on-line bidders who hailed from eight states plus Canada and Mexico. Heller, a South Dakota native and South Dakota State University ag education graduate, is known throughout the area thanks to 57 years in farm real estate. Plus, his initial start as a vocational agriculture instructor at Danube High School attracted former students — some now successful farmers — to see what Heller had to offer now that he was finally throwing in the towel. Equipment belonging to Heller’s 43-year ‘farming partner’ Blake Schroder added to the total iron and steel components put up for sale. Handling this auction was the Steffes Group of Litchfield, Minn. — one of the bigger mid-America auction firms. Steffes was responsible for the eyecatching promotional brochure with color photos highlighting the exceptional power lineup of eight tractors — including two track units, a 2008 Caterpillar Challenger and a 2006 John Deere 8430T. The brochure stated, “Heller has farmed over 43 years and has now decided to retire. Major equipment is shedded with meticulous service and maintenance records. Online bidding available on all major equipment.” One of the Steffes lead auctioneers, Ashley Huhn, stopped to chat just before his ‘call’ began and answered a few questions.

The Land: In view of the dismal farm economy, what’s your early read on today’s auction? Huhn: Virtually every piece of equipment out here shows exceptional service. Yes, the farm economy right now is definitely impacting our farm sales. However, this auction I think will do pretty good because clean equipment still brings a premium. At consignment sales with rougher-looking equipment, buyers are really discounting their bidding.

‘It’s time to move on’

Roger Heller spoke quietly when questioned about his thoughts on this ‘closing day’ of his farming career. His farming partner, Blake Schroeder, had been providing most of the day-by-day duties for the past 43 years. This start-up 160-acre parcel had gradually expanded to about 2,100 acres. Commented Heller, now 89 years of age, “Yes, this is an emotional day. Having worked with the family that lived here for these many years my mind is filled with memories. But everything has a season and we have to look at it that way. It’s time to move on.” With a keen eye for the struggles within the farm economy these days, Heller assessed his Aug. 29 ‘retirement’ auction much the same way. “Like every auction, some items are not going well, but others are Roger Heller okay. Considering the farm economy, I guess I’ll say it’s doing alright.” Heller said he was “okay” with a $104,000 final bid on the Caterpillar tractor. It had 3,880 hours and one season on new tracks. On the Salford vertical tillage machine he bought six years back, Heller commented this machine works really well on soybean stubble and corn stubble, sweet corn ground. “It sizes the residue and does a good job. Glad to see it go to a Minnesota farmer who already understands this new twist in farm tillage.” Heller was also satisfied with attendance to the auction. Pickups filled both gravel roads leading to the farm. Heller was particularly pleased to hear 340 on-line registrants tuned into his auction. Heller’s wife Arlene agreed this has been an emotional time for Roger. “He’ll be back to himself in a few days. Farming has been a major part of this life. Yes, buying and selling real estate is always satisfying. But Roger See HELLER, pg. 8A

good sense that this segment of our farming economy stays tuned in to the real world of agriculture. The Land: Are there any unique items to be found here today? Huhn: Yes, always a few. That Hardi sprayer with a 132-foot boom, 1000 PTO, triple nozzle, 1,800 gallon tank just sold for $29,000 as we were talking. But big items today will be the tractors, that Caterpiller and a John Deere 9770 combine, also a John Deere 612C The Land: What per- combine with chopping corn head. cent of today’s auction do The Land: Because of the reputation of Roger you predict will be on-line Heller, are there an exceptional number of lookers? sales? Huhn: Absolutely! When I talked with our crew Huhn: All of our live auctions have on-line bid- See AUCTION, pg. 8A ding … plus proxy bidding ahead of the sale. Today I venture around 50 percent will be on-line. We have about 240 live bid numbers issued today. The last time I checked, we had over 400 on-line registrations. (Actual on-line sales was 58 percent.) The Land: With no ‘bright spot’ ahead for this farm economy, how do you energize yourselves? Huhn: People are always asking, ‘when is the best time to sell?’ When farmers are in a buying mood is my flippant answer. But quality of your merchandize is still the key criteria. Today we have quality plus Heller is a widely known personality … and that too makes an impact. Our Steffes team worked diligently planning the entire day’s event plus our website has become a big player in our success. We’re continually promoting our sales — sometimes even directly to trust attorneys, lawyers and bankers so they can better serve their customers. The Land: Are some of these parties out here today? Huhn: I’ve already talked to a few bankers, so they are here scouting and learning also. Yes, this is happening more often at farm auctions and it makes

PAGE 8A — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


On-line sales to Canada, Mexico AUCTION, from pg. 7A putting this sale together, they said it’s been like Farmfest the past two weeks. A lot of outstate people come early, check out the equipment, then go home ready for on-line bidding cause they’ve now seen the particular equipment they’re interested in. We have a gentleman from Medora, North Dakota … told me he drove all night just to be here. Typically, most bidders are from within an eightstate area. But occasionally we’ll get bids from Canada, or eastern Cornbelt states like Michigan, Ohio. And occasionally even an overseas on-line buyer. Two weeks ago we had a Fordson tractor bought by a man from England. We crate it up and arrange for the shipping. (On-line sales from this auction went to Canada and Mexico.) The Land: How does your Steffes team energize

for these auctions? You’ve got to be quick, nimble and always reading your audience. Huhn: I’m farm-reared. This business is all about helping people. I can relate to the farm audience today. When I’m behind the microphone calling a sale, they know that I know what I’m talking about. They trust what we say and that’s the key. We have locations in Litchfield, Fargo, Sioux Falls and Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. At each, we have anywhere from two to five auctioneers. The Land: As you introduce the next item, I hear you toss out your ‘asking bid.’ This big Cat Challenger, what might you start at? Huhn: That unit, I’ll throw it out at $50,000 and let it go from there. (Actual selling price: $104,000. Huhn predicted it would likely be the highest selling tractor — it was!). v

Bidders and spectators... Nate Ide of Echo, Minn. did lots of looking just like everyone else. But Ide’s specific purpose in attending was a Salford vertical tillage machine. This was a 31-foot wide, all wave blades, rolling basket, weight package, three-bar coil tine harrow, including 64 extra new blades. Ide explained, “We’re looking at vertical tillage it to give us some relief in these wet springs. Seems we’re in an area that keeps getting more and more spring rains. Also, I don’t have much hope for soybean markets the next few years so continuous corn will likely be our program. We’ll use the Salford unit ahead of the ripper this fall.” The price for these rigs sold new? Ide speculated, “Between $70,000 and $80,000. Right now on dealers lots, used machines range from $30,000 to $45,000. It’s one of those pieces of equipment that you either want, or care nothing about. Go down to Indiana, these Salfords aren’t so popular anymore because other brands are taking over. I’m looking for this unit because it can work through muddy conditions — especially for fall tillage.” And he’s willing to go up to $30,000 to buy this machine. “It’s in really nice shape. It comes from a good home. There’s not many rocks out here. My alternative would be to go to Indiana, find something down there, then pay to have it hauled back up here. These machines have been around for awhile.” (Ide was the winning bidder of the SALFORD tillage unit at $27,000. You can go on the Steffes website and get a listing of selling prices on all items from Heller sale.) So how wet is it where Ide farms? He chuckled, “We haven’t prayed for rain in our church since 2009!” Ide farms about 2,000 acres. So far, over 30 inches of rain fell on his corn fields. Ide solidified his nitrogen apps, so he saw little or no nitrogen loss from heavy rains. Yields will vary widely in his

neighborhood. Ide admits he’s been to bigger farm auctions than this one. “But I was looking for something very specific. I didn’t come here just to spectate. I also sell seed (AgriGold) and like most, the optimism in farming just isn’t very high these days. We did a lot of forward contracting so our $4 contracts will at least give us break evens despite the lower yields with all this rain this spring.” Ide is predicting 90 to 135-bushel yields on his fields this fall. n Attending the Heller auction was Larry Kremer, a student of Roger Heller when Heller was teaching vocational ag at Danube High School. Kremer reflects with a smiling face, “I never would have imagined he’d farm this much and get so big in farm real estate and farm management work too. He bought this farm in 1960 and paid $200 an acre. This was his first farm.” Kremer was just a looker at the Heller auction. “My aunt and uncle lived just across the street from Roger’s farm. Yep, Roger was a good ag teacher; but when he also got involved in farming and farm management, I figured his ag teaching days would soon be history.” n The big auction generated good appetites too. Max’s Grill in Olivia was the vendor. Corey Buchtel reported, “We’ve now done two farm auctions. The first had only about 45 people and I brought back a lot of food. Today I ran out of everything. We served 120 hot dogs, 100 hamburgers and 27 pounds of barbeques. It’s live and learn with something like this. It’s been fun. People were having a good time.” v – Dick Hagen

Heller will maintain eye on agriculture HELLER, from pg. 7A also enjoyed the special challenges of farming. He’s a smart man willing to acknowledge that ‘book power’ doesn’t always work.” Why this August retirement? Partly because leases on some of his rented ground expire this year. Plus, the ongoing questions on agriculture’s financial challenges just told him now is the time. Roger is a student of the farm economy. His professional work demands such. He questions the ongoing trade wars with China. He also well remembers what Mother Nature did a few years back and hints that early frost this season could further devastate yields this fall too. As a former ag teacher, Heller has concerns about who will be doing the farming in the future. “Leasing farm land and cost-sharing farm equipment may have to become the pattern.” He believes in the marketing axiom of supply and demand, but realizes disruptions can and do happen. Can Heller relax and enjoy his new retirement status without worrying about the price of corn? Predictably, he said he’ll still be following the markets; then jokingly added, “I’ll still share my intelligence at the Chatter Box Round Table even though nobody listens.” Heller likes reading. He and his bride like to dance and travel. “Plus, I’ll still be a helping hand with our Heller Group Real Estate business. I enjoy representing clients in this never-ending excitement of the buying and selling of farm land. We’re bringing some young people into the business and that is good.” This Auction exceeded one million dollars! Much of the equipment was co-owned by both Heller and Schroeder. By 4:30 p.m. the last call was made…the sale was over. v

Funding available for ag projects ST. PAUL — Farmers and Minnesota nonprofit and educational organizations focused on testing new ideas in sustainable agriculture are encouraged to apply for a Sustainable Agriculture and Demonstration (SustAg) Grant by 4 p.m., Dec. 17. Applications from farmers receive priority. Projects last two to three years and may be funded at up to $50,000, with applicants providing a dollar-for-dollar match on amounts above $25,000. A total of $200,000 is available this year. For more information and to apply, visit www.mda. This article was submitted by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture. v

THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Olson family, Milford chapter share long 4-H history By KRISTIN KVENO lodging at the National 4-H headquarters The Land Staff Writer located just outside of Washington D.C. in Chevy Chase, Md. The leadership opportuNEW ULM, Minn. — For 117 years now, nities, the enduring friendships and the 4-H clubs across the country have been fun memories have stayed with Annette providing leadership opportunities and the all these years, so she was thrilled when chance to simply learn by doing. In her children expressed interest in joining Minnesota, there are 69,000 youth involved 4-H. in 4-H. From the city to the country, there seems to be a 4-H club for everyone. The Olson children joined the Milford 4-H and quickly become immersed in the According to the University of Minnesota all the opportunities that the club had to Extension website, “By immersing kids in offer. Daughter Kallie, a ninth-grader, has learning and leadership activities and been part of the Milford 4-H club since she instilling a healthy spirit of competition was a kindergartener and is currently the through project judging, 4-H contributed club’s co-reporter. Sons Kaden, a seventh directly to the nation’s leadership position grader, and Korbin, in second grade, are in world agriculture and other industries.” both heavily involved in showing livestock In Brown County, Minn., 196 young peoand had a wonderful time doing that this ple are currently enrolled in the eight 4-H year at the Brown County Fair. Kaden clubs in the county. went on to be awarded the intermediate According to Brown County 4-H Program dairy showman award at the fair — the Coordinator Abby Schwab, “There’s litersecond year he has received this distincally something for everyone.” tion. He also received a blue ribbon at the When 4-H began all those years ago, it Minnesota State Fair this year for showing focused on agriculture, consumer science his pig. Kallie had the opportunity to and home economics. Schwab related that exhibit her fashion review at the state fair. Photos submitted the county’s 4-H clubs most popular areas The Olson family was there to proudly The Olson family was recognized as Brown County’s 4-H family of the year in cheer both Kaden and Kallie on. of interest are now crafts and fine arts. 2018. Pictured are (left to right): Kallie, Korbin, Kaden, Annette and Dan. See 4-H FAMILY, pg. 10A One family that exemplifies all that 4-H encompasses — head, heart, hands and health — is the Olson family of New Ulm. Parents Annette and Dan are both alumni of 4-H. Their children, Kallie, Kaden and Korbin, are members of the Milford 4-H chapter in Brown County. Having two parents who had wonderful experiences in 4-H made joining 4-H an easy choice for the Olson children. So too is having cousins who are currently club members. “We have nieces and nephews in 4-H on both sides of the family,” Annette said. Growing up, Dan spent 11 years in the Hantho Headliners 4-H club in Lac Qui Parle County, Minn. Annette was an 11-year member of the now-defunct Sigel Fireflies club and grew up on a farm south of Essig, Minn. Her time in 4-H was filled with almost everything from dairy, poultry, foods and food preservation to name a few. Annette was awarded trips to the Minnesota State Fair every year from 6th grade through 12th grade. Showing her projects at the fair was just the start of the opportunities that 4-H afforded Annette. Her best memory of being in 4-H was the summer she was a camp counselor and had the opportunity to • Models up to 10,500 gallons • Hydraulic Suspension travel to Washington D.C. That was her junior year of • Steel & stainless barrels available • Tool bar and flow metering options available high school. Annette attended 4-H’s Citizenship • Hydraulic Steering • NEW 20’ Conical Blade Rotary Injector Washington Focus — a week-long trip to Washington D.C. where 4-H members from all over the country toured the historic sites while making lasting connections with fellow 4-H members and honing their leadership skills. “I got a pen pal from Colorado out of that experience,” Annette said. The trip included


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PAGE 10A — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Memories, relationships are all part of the 4-H experience “Getting to see some of the same families that were The club wrote in the nomination form, “this family 4-H FAMILY, from pg. 9A truly believes that 4-H is best done as a family.” The The Milford 4-H club was formed in 1927. With the here when we were kids.” long and rich history in the community, the club felt Last year, when it came time to nominate a family Olson family went on to be named Brown County that the best way to honor their longevity was to give for Brown County 4-H family of the year, the Milford 4-H family of the year and was awarded that distincback to those that serve the community. “There was club chose the Olson family, much to their surprise. tion last December at an awards banquet held at the Springfield community center. “It was a nice nine different activities throughout the years surprise, an honor,” Annette said. to commemorate it,” Annette said. That included bringing 90 donuts, coffee and milk to the The memories are bountiful in 4-H, creating local law enforcement center; and donating ties to agriculture, to friends and cultivating books to the crisis nursery in New Ulm. Annette leadership qualities has been the cornerstone felt this was the perfect way for the kids to get of the organization. That has remained steadto know the people who work in the community fast since Annette first joined over 35 years ago and thank them for their service. and still stands all these years later as her children now have the opportunity to be active Annette has seen a few changes since she was members of 4-H. Annette served as the club’s in 4-H. The first being the Livestock Quality co-leader for three years. She felt it was a Assurance Program. “That is something we chance to give back to the organization which didn’t have.” According to the University of gave her so much all those years ago. Minnesota Extension, “Livestock Quality Assurance training helps youth provide excelThere are 6 million youth involved with 4-H lent care for their food animals and ensures a in the United States. The impact 4-H has on high level of food safety to consumers.” To be our communities — from urban areas, the subeligible to exhibit at the state fair, 4-H memurbs to the rural landscape — is immeasurable. bers need to have LQA training completed. The positive experience that both Annette and Dan had while members of 4-H has made a Annette also notes there are “less projects by lasting impression on them. They are choosing older kids because they’re involved in more to use their time and talents to empower the activities outside of 4-H.” Even with kids being next generation of 4-H members. v involved in more activities, Annette still sees Kaden Olson was awarded a blue ribbon for his pig at this year’s familiar faces from when she was in 4-H. Minnesota State Fair.

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THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Fire departments raise funds with pork on the menu By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer Emeritus OLIVIA, Minn. — The Minnesota State Fair proudly bills itself as “The Great Minnesota Gettogether.” And so it is. Again this year, just over 2 million people bought their admission tickets to participate in this 10-day event (Aug. 23 to Sept. 2). Welcome to another event rapidly gaining recognition as “The Greater Renville County Get-together.” It’s the Renville County Fireman’s Rib Cook-Off. And all 10 Renville County Fire Departments brought their best rib cooking talents to the Olivia Legion on Sept. 14 for this rib eating smorgasbord. And what makes the Renville County rib festival unique is every ticket purchaser gets to cast their vote for the ’Best Rib Tasting’ fire department. Rib tasting started at 4:30 p.m. Yes, each fire department set up its own rib cooking equipment with six to 10 rib cookers at each station. Yes, virtually every square foot of available ground space was occupied — including two, 26-foot by 40-foot tents with tables and chairs for sit-down dinning elegance. The other tent was a ‘stand up’ beverage center. Yes, colorful banners and ‘studly T-shirts’ proudly identified each department. The crowd was huge with over 900 tickets sold. The $20 ticket entitled the holder to a rib tasting adventures at six of the 10 rib stands. Everyone was pleasantly pleased at how imbibing a beer or two (maybe even three) activates one’s eating capacity. And the merriment was extravagant. Rick Vogt of Olivia said, ”This is a beautiful thing. I’m glad to see all 10 community fire departments involved. Yes, there’s more than enough ribs. I’ve filled my six-stop quota and I don’t know how I’ll decide to vote. I won’t tell you how many beverage stops. Seems like you can’t have one without the other.”

A Hector, Minn. Fire Department spokesman had this to say: “Really great to see all 10 departments here. Everyone is having a good time — both the folks chewing on the delicious ribs and the fire crews doing the cooking. This is my first time here. I was past chief at our Hector Fire Department, now I’m just one of the crew. But our guys are having fun. Yep, doing their own share of rib tasting too. Our guys are checking a few others for any ‘special ingredients’ we can use next year.” Joe Ryan has logged 21 years with the Sacred Heart, Minn. Fire Department. “This is just a perfect example of community spirit,” he said. “It’s a disjointed world out there anymore; but this rib fest shows that we can pull together for fun events. Sometimes a major fire needs more than just the hometown department to quench a huge fire. At this rib fest, we’ve got all 10 departments heating things up. And there’s nothing better than sizzling ribs to make us all feel proud to be a fireman.” Steve from the Danube, Minn. Fire Department said, “I’m a first-timer, but I’m certain I’ll be back next year. Until you actually get here and see your department barbequing ribs alongside nine other departments, then the true spirit of all us volunteer firemen hits home.” A 14-year volunteer fireman, Brandon Wulf of the Buffalo Lake, Minn. Fire Department says this event will keep on growing. This is his third year of rib cooking. “We’ve got 24 volunteer firemen. Yes, keeping your fire department at full strength can be an issue; but I sense community guys and gals are getting more involved. I think there’s a growing awareness of community vitality and our local fire department is often the key catalyst.” Sarah Hausken of the Olivia Cross of Calvary Church said, “This is what small town community spirit is all about. We church workers are always scout-

Savings Incentive Program for farmers AMES, Iowa — Practical Farmers of Iowa is now accepting applications for its next class of the Savings Incentive Program, a two-year mentorship and support program for beginning and aspiring farmers. Applications are due by Oct. 11. Up to 12 beginning farmers will be admitted, and those enrolled will start in January 2020 and be part of the SIP class of 2021. As part of the Savings Incentive Program, participants open and manage a savings account with Practical Farmers’ partner bank; attend at least two mentor farm visits in the first year and host a mentor farm visit on their farm in the second year; meet at least one time in person with a business plan reviewer; create or fine-tune a business or whole-farm plan; attend at least four PFI events per year (which can include online trainings, on-farm field days, conferences, and workshops); and complete all forms and

requested information on time. After completion of all program requirements, participants earn a dollarfor-dollar match on money saved up to $2,400 which may be used to help purchase a farm asset. Applicants must either be farming on their own now and have farmed for five or fewer years; or they must have some experience working for a farm business. Applicants must also be members of Practical Farmers of Iowa, and either reside or farm in Iowa. Those who are not members can join at or by calling (515) 232-5661. Applications must be submitted using the form at For questions about the Savings Incentive Program or application process, contact Greg Padget at greg@ or (515) 232-5661. This article was submitted by Practical Farmers of Iowa. v

ing for new events that help shape the spiritual life of a community. This rib fest — with every community in Renville County sharing their rib cooking talents — is just a beautiful expression of neighborly love.” A Stewart Fire Department volunteer simply commented, “If you’re looking for towns working together for a cause that benefits every fire department, you can’t beat this. You just sense the joy when you move around. And the sizzling aroma of all these rib cooking certainly adds to the spirit. Yep, beer tent is doing a good business too. And I know that increases the socializing of any group of people.” Ron Kopacek, Olivia Legion member, likely spoke for all commenting, “This certainly exceeded our expectations. Yes, our Inside bar staffed by our own members was busy, but the big beverage tent definitely was the gathering place for any and all people. And these fire department guys do know how to make ribs absolutely suburb tasting.” Summed up Harry Hawkinson, long-time staffer at the Renville County Veteran Services Office, “We have a county filled with lots of generous people — especially when they have the opportunity of a common cause for every fire department in the county. Made me proud to be a Renville County citizen today.” Total revenue from this huge rib fest is equally divided among all 10 fire departments. That figure wasn’t yet available. Suffice to say, it could approximate $2,000 per department. And also suffice to say, this very definitely will continue as the annual Renville County get-together. The people’s choice for ‘Best Ribs’? The Danube Fire Department. Veteran’s choice for best ribs? That too was the Danube Fire Department. Best looking display? Kudos to the Morton Fire Department. They have a special livestock trailer which apparently ‘tidies up’ nicely. Olivia Fire Department Chief Tim Seehusen was especially complimentary of his fellow fire squads. “I’d give this event an ‘A’,” he said. “Every department was having a good time cooking up some smoking good ribs and making everyone feel proud to be here. We’re the only county in the state doing such an event. I take my hat off to every Chief and your crews for being here. Next year? Absolutely! And again at the Olivia Legion. They’re great to work with and enough space to fit everyone in place.” v

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PAGE 12A — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Family tradition got you here. Hope for the future will keep you going. You were made for this.


PAGE 14A — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Estimating corn grain yields before harvest in 2019 The U.S. Department of Agriculture Minnesota ber of kernels per row to calculate the total number Crop Progress Report, issued Sept. 3, estimates that of kernels for each ear. (Do not count kernels on 84 percent of the corn crop has reached the dough either the butt or tip of the ear that are less than half stage, falling to 11 days behind last year and nine days behind the five-year average. Corn dented was 25 percent, nearly two weeks behind last year and 10 days behind normal. The Minnesota corn growing season has been one of extreme variability.

the size of normal size kernels. Count only kernels that are in complete rings around the ear.)

Corn which is at least dented is at a stage where the growers may more accurately use the yield component method for estimating corn grain yield. Use the yield component method estimation obtained by this method for general planning purposes since kernel size and weight is probably only accurate within plus or minus 20 bushels of the actual yield. Obviously, the more ears you sample within a field, the more accurately you will capture the variability of yield throughout the field.

Repeat the procedure for at least four additional sites across the field. Calculate the average yield for all the sites to estimate the yield for the field.

Calculate estimated grain yield using the yield component method as follows: Count the number of harvestable ears in a length of row equivalent to 1/1000th acre. For 30-inch (2.5 feet) rows, this equals 17.4 feet; for 22-inch rows, this equals 23.75 feet. The more ear counts you make (assuming they accurately represent the field or zone of interest), the more confidence you have in the yield estimate. On every fifth ear, count the number of kernel rows per ear and determine the average number of kernels per row. Try to use a system such as the 5th, 9th, and 13th ears from one end of the row. Then multiply each ear’s row number by its num-

The Land columnist recognized

On Aug. 26, Kent Thiesse was recognized for his 50 years of Minnesota State Fair participation. Thiesse began his involvement at the fair as a 4-H participant, where amongst other activities he entered and won a blue ribbon for his beef heifer. In the 1970s he was a 4-H volunteer at the fair, and since 1980 he has been the overall coordinator of the 4-H Beef Show. In that capacity he lines up judges and coordinates the activities of 100 volunteers, 600 exhibitors and 600 animals each year. He has also served as the Finance Chair of the 4-H auction for more than 30 years. During his tenure, total premiums awarded has grown from $30,000 in 1993 to more than $600,000 last year. Thiesse is a monthly contributor to The Land with his “Farm Programs” feature.

Yield (bushels per acre) equals (ear number) times the (average row number) times the (average kernel number) divided by 80. Range in kernel number per bushel is based on growing conditions: Excellent (less than 75); Average (75 to 85) and Poor growing conditions (greater than 85).

For example, you are evaluating a field with 30-inch rows and counted 30 ears per 17.4-foot row section). Calculate that the average number of kernels per ear, based on sampling the average of the 5th, 9th, and 13th ears in the sampling row, was 511. The estimated yield for that site (30 times 511, divided by 80) would equal 192 bushels per acre. Final weight per kernel obviously cannot be measured until the grain is mature (kernel black layer) and, realistically, at harvest moisture. Consequently, an average value for kernel weight, expressed as 80,000 kernels per 56-pound bushel, is used as a proverbial “fudge factor” in the yield estimation equation. The equation originally used a fudge factor of 90, but kernel size has increased as hybrids have improved over the years. Consequently, a fudge factor of 75 to 85 is a more realistic value to use today. This article was submitted by Dave Nicolai, Extension Educator, Crops, University of Minnesota Extension. v

Face fly control is vital in pinkeye prevention, management ST. CLOUD, Minn. — Although summer is over, flies are still present and they seem especially prevalent this year. Flies present a whole host of issues to livestock producers, including pinkeye — caused by face flies spreading the causative agent. Specifically, for beef producers, pinkeye can cause reductions in weaning weights of as much as 17-65 pounds per animal. Once pinkeye begins to spread through a herd, it’s very difficult to contain and control. The first step in prevention is to control the flies. There are several options for fly control, including fly tags, pour-ons, sprays, dust bags and back rubbers. Fly tags perform best when administered at the proper time. Unfortunately, this usually means cattle must be brought in for the sole purpose of administering fly tags. Often, tags are administered as much as 60 days prior to fly season, which can compromise the tag’s efficacy. Fly tags are more effective in cows than calves, but tagging both is best.

In addition to fly control, there are several pinkeye vaccines that may help. As always, consult your veterinarian about the vaccine options and proper timing for administering them. Many of these vaccines require a booster dose for greater efficacy, which could work to your advantage. Since calves must be brought in for a second dose of vaccine, fly tags can also be administered at a time closer to the start of fly season. Even with the best prevention methods, pinkeye may still make its way into your herd. Proper treatment is necessary to ensure full recovery. Generally, a long-acting oxytetracycline antibiotic is very effective. If there is resistance, your veterinarian may need to conduct a culture to determine which antibiotic the bacteria is sensitive to. Another key component to treating pinkeye is protecting the eye from sunlight, which is just as important as the antibiotic. Because ultraviolet rays can

activate enzymes that cause more damage to the eye when the eye is infected, eyepatches are very effective in protecting the eyes from sunlight. For severe pinkeye, consider having your veterinarian suture the eyelid shut to protect the eye from light. Pasture management is another component of pinkeye control. Grass that is headed out can irritate eyes, causing them to tear and thus attracting face flies. Keeping pastures trimmed can reduce this irritation. The best way to deal with pinkeye is to get ahead of it and stay ahead of it. Do this by using a broadbased approach that includes fly control, vaccination and pasture management. Consult with your veterinarian to develop a program tailored to your operation. This article was submitted by Emily Wilmes, University of Minnesota Extension. v

THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

A little something to tempt your tastebuds... You’ve probably noticed The Land is in the process of producing the fourth volume of our famous cookbook. We want to extend a big “thank you” to those who submitted recipes – and also to those who have already ordered Recipes from The Land: Volume IV. We really appreciate it. The hard work of typing and organizing the recipes is now complete and the cookbook is off to the printer. The final product will be available in November. In the meantime, we thought you might enjoy a sneak preview of some of the recipes ... like this delicious-sounding rhubarb custard pie from Jeanette Cady of Mankato, Minn. The first three volumes of The Land’s cookbooks sold out quickly, so be sure to order yours soon! v

Life on the Farm: Readers’ Photos

Featured Recipe from

“Recipes from

Jeanette Cady Mankato, MN

4 c. rhubarb, chopped ⅓ c. flour 1½ c. sugar ¼ tsp. nutmeg

2 eggs (slightly beaten) 1 Tbsp. milk 1 Tbsp. butter 2 unbaked pie crusts

Mix flour, sugar, nutmeg, eggs and milk with fork or whisk in a large bowl. Mix in chopped rhubarb. Pour into an unbaked pastry shell and cover with slivered pieces of butter. Cover with the top crust, make slits and sprinkle with sugar. Bake at 400º for approx. 1 hour.

Recipes from Volume IV Sponsored by

E-mail your Life on the Farm photos to editor@thelandonline. com. Your photo may be published in an upcoming issue!


Days are getting shorter and that means sunsets come a little earlier in the day. This fiery sunset photo comes courtesy of Carolyn Enstad of Walnut Grove, Minn.

Keep the photos coming !


Pre-Order and Save $2 per copy!

Coming in November 2019

HURRY! Pre-order offer expires Nov. 1, 2019. The first three “Land” cookbooks are SOLD OUT!

Here’s How To order: I want __________ Cookbooks @ $12.00 - $2.00 = $10.00 ea. + $3.00 ea. shipping & handling = $ ___________Total Enclosed  I will pick up at The Land in Mankato, MN and save shipping and handling. Credit Card #________________________________ Exp. Date (mo/yr) ________________ Name _______________________________________________________________________ Address ______________________________________________________________________ City _________________________________________ State__________ Zip _____________

If they haven’t already, Monarch butterflies will soon begin their long trip south for the winter. Al Batt of Hartland, Minn. sent in this photograph of a large gathering of the winged creatures.

Phone # _____________________________________________________________________  Check Enclosed Phone # required for pick-up orders.

Mail to:

THE LAND • P.0. Box 3169 • Mankato, MN 56002

Or call: 507-345-4523 with your credit card information

and order over the phone.

PAGE 16 —”Where Farm and Family Meet”


Why hang on to stuff you don’t Real Estate Antiques & use? Put a line ad in The Land Wanted Collectibles and sell those things for some Sell your land or real estate in extra cash. It makes sense. WANTED: Land & farms. I FOR SALE: 1954 WD Ford 5

Real Estate

Land Specialists

Upcoming Land Auctions

September 24 •160/40 ± Ac.•Gales Twp.,Redwood Co., MN September 25 •80 ± Ac.•Rost Twp.,Jackson Co., MN September 27 •97.5 ± Ac.•Washington Twp.,Le SueurCo., MN October 1 • 374± Ac.•Foster Twp.,Faribault Co., MN October 3 • 78.52± Ac.•Garden City Twp., Blue Earth Co., MN View our other available properties for sale on our website.

For information brochures CALL 1-800-730-LAND (5263) or visit www.Wingert Only registered bidders may attend. 1160 Victory Drive South, Suite 6 • Mankato, MN 56001 • 507-345-LAND (5263)

30 days for 0% commission. Call Ray 507-339-1272

Coming In November 2 Parcel Prime Farmland Auction Parcel 1 -73 +/-tillable acres located in the part of the S ½ of SW ¼ of Section 16; Parcel 2 -110 +/-tillable acres located in the N ½ of NW ¼ and the SE 1/4 of NW 1/4 of Section 21, all located in Lake Elizabeth Twp, Kandiyohi Cty; These parcels contain very good to excellent soils, tiled with excellent outlets.

Charles Wingert, Broker # 07-53



AL WESSEL LIC #77-60 PH. 320-760-2979 & KEVIN WINTER LIC #77-18, 320-760-1593, AUCTIONEERS

Call The Land at 507-345-4523

Call Broker: Kristine Fladeboe Duininck 320-212-9379

have clients looking for dairy, & cash grain operations, as well as bare land parcels from 40-1000 acres. Both for relocation & investments. If you have even thought about selling contact: Paul Krueger, Farm & Land Specialist, Edina Realty, 138 Main St. W., New Prague, MN 55372. (612)328-4506

Thank you for reading The Land. We appreciate it!

AC tractor, WF, very good tires, recent OH and tuneup, new battery, runs good, good paint, $2,800/OBO. Can see photos on Marketplace. 507-236-3099

Feed Seed Hay ALFALFA, mixed hay, grass hay & feed grade wheat straw, medium square or round bales, delivery available. Thief River Falls, MN. Call or text LeRoy Ose: 218-689-6675 HIGH Quality Western dairy alfalfa, large quantities of shed stored hay and STRAW, up to 230 RFV, From our farm to yours on our trucks. 1 on 1 dealings, NO middle man. Experienced and Trusted. Call for pricing-delivery included in price. (307)359-9644

ORGANIC CORN “NOT IMPORTED” WI grown organic corn. Certified MOSA. Available 100 bushel quanities. Westby, WI. $$$ Best offer $$$. Call Stan 702-203-9564 M

Classified Line Ads


Call 507-345-4523 Bins & Buildings SILO DOORS Wood or steel doors shipped promptly to your farm stainless fasteners hardware available. (800)222-5726 Landwood Sales LLC Stormor Bins & EZ-Drys. 100% financing w/no liens or red tape, call Steve at Fairfax Ag for an appointment. 888-830-7757

Ve M se M P M P

R M S I-9 Le ap so


THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 Farm Equipment

Farm Equipment

‘13 Gleaner S67 combine, all ‘02 JD, MFWA Tractor w/ 822 updates, 240 sep hrs; w/new actual hrs w/ 741 self leveling bean & corn head; RT155A ldr 125hp, 3 remotes, 16spd, Agco tractor, 800 hrs; 839 PQ, front fenders, Goodyear Parker grain cart; every480/80R42 rears, 420/85R28 thing like new & always front, 8’ bucket & pallet fork, shedded. 507-276-8840 rear wheel wgts., tires 75%, cab, mirrors, asking $79,500; (2) 2600 Parker boxes with ‘11 Lorenz 8001 8’ snowblow- gears, $3,400/ea; (3) Ranger er, 4 skid plates, 540 rpm, 8, (1) Ranger 10 Smidley hog like new, $4,750; 1818 Case feeders, shedded, $400/ea. IH skid ldr, 1813 hrs, new 507-524-4637 tires, 4’ bucket, $3,950. Call Please recycle this magazine. 507-276-6406 Fairfax

d 5 ood neod, Can ace.

It’s a slow process, but quitting won’t speed it up.


198.22 +/- Deeded Acres 190.62 +/- Tillable Acres Average CPI = 90.2 Camp Twp, Renville Co. Call Broker: Kristine Fladeboe Duininck 320-212-9379

Timed On-Line



ass t or

2015 New Holland Boomer 41 Tractor with TLA 260 Loader, Joystick Control, Hydro-static Drive, 225 Hrs, 3pt, Complete Cab with Radio


airy ties and FV, on ngs, erifor in

1947 Massey Harris Model 30 Tractor, S/N 30-GR12651

IManic ailServing Southeast Minnesota & Northern Iowa for all your real estate needs ies. Call for more info and additional listings. ffer FARMLAND 4 Mower County: Approx 121 ac bare farmland, pattern tiled.

rys. s or airent. — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Very good tenant in place. SE edge of Austin Mower County: PENDING Approx 73.7 ac, 62 tillable. Older building site, separate purchase possible. NW of Austin. Mower County: PENDING Approx 80 ac, 74.47 tillable. Prodex 79.1. Possible building site. Grand Meadow Township Mower County: PENDING Approx. 138 ac, 135.5 tillable. Pattern tiled, excellent soils. Waltham Township


Racine: Completely remodeled 10,000 sq ft building on 2.12 acres. Many possible uses including event center, daycare, offices, retail. Stewartville: Great retail/commercial space in desirable location close to I-90 & Rochester. 8000+ sq ft with ample parking. Many possibly uses. LeRoy: PENDING Unique multi-use building with retail space, apartment &auditorium. Many updates include lift, wiring, HVAC, solar panels, $79,900. Need assistance with rental rates, government programs or environmental issues? Call us for your farm management needs!

NEED FARMLAND LISTINGS – HAVE BUYERS! Randy Queensland 507-273-3890 • Ryan Queensland 507-273-3000 •

Grand Meadow,MN• 507-754-5815 •800-658-2340

2005 JD 2700 9 Shank Disk Ripper, 24” Spacing, 3 Bar Summers Harrow Deutz D7807 Tractor with Westendorf Model D1018 A-S Hyd Loader, MFWD, Needs Brake Work.

Select 72” Snow Blower, Hyd Spout

Land Pride Box Scraper

6’ Bush Hog Rotary Mower

2010 Demco 650 Grain Cart, Model # 9445020, Small 1000 PTO S/N 40060


1500 E. Bridge Street Redwood Falls, MN 56283 Office - 507-644-8433 Doug Kerkhoff - 507-829-6859 Zac Kerkhoff - 507-829-3924



Steffes Auction Calendar 2019

For more info, call: 1-800-726-8609 or visit our website: Opening September 16 & Closing September 24 Kanabec County, MN Hobby Farm & Land Auction - 345± Acres 3 Tracts, Ogilvie, MN Opening September 19 & Closing September 26 Greg Walton Inventory Reduction Auction, Englevale, ND, Timed Online Auction Friday, September 20 at 10AM Norman Dahl Estate Farm Equipment Auction, Borup, MN Opening September 20 & Closing September 25 Online Steffes Auction - 9/25, Upper Midwest Locations, Timed Online Auction Opening September 20 & Closing September 30 Ryan Charbonneau Farm Equipment, Rolla, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening September 23 & Closing September 30 Ann & Jay Tommerdahl Farm Retirement Auction, Hendrum, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening September 23 & Closing October 2 Sam Thiel Estate Auction, Minto, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening September 24 at 8AM & Closing September 24 at 12PM Wilkin County, MN Land Auction- 144±Acres, Tintah, MN, Timed Online Auction Tuesday, September 24 at 12PM Quality Tested Hay Auction, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN Tuesday, September 24 at 10AM Luke & Dan Kaushagen Farm Retirement Auction, Thief River Falls, MN Wednesday, September 25 at 1PM Ron & Mary Lou Bussmann Retirement Land Auction - 627± Acres, Grey Eagle, MN Wednesday, September 25 at 10AM Jeff & Judi Hintz Farm Auction, Tappen, ND Thursday, September 26 at 10AM Ron & Mary Lou Bussmann Retirement Dairy Cattle Auction, Grey Eagle, MN Opening October 2 & Closing October 9 Miller Elevator Company Auction, Hannaford, ND, & Walum, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening October 7 & Closing October 15 McLeod County, MN Hobby Farm & Tillable Land Auction - 2 Tracts 55± Acres, Hutchinson, MN, Timed Online Auction Tuesday, October 8 at 12PM Quality Tested Hay Auction, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN Tuesday, October 22 at 12PM Quality Tested Hay Auction, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN Opening November 5 at 8AM & Closing November 5 at 12PM Bottineau County, ND Land Auction - 320± Acres, Maxbass, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening November 11 & Closing November 20 Jim & Kathy Hartkopf Retirement Auction, Clear Lake, MN, Timed Online Auction Tuesday, November 12 at 12PM Quality Tested Hay Auction, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN Opening November 12 & Closing November 21 Gray Potato Farms Excess Inventory Auction, Clear Lake, MN, Timed Online Auction

PAGE 18 —”Where Farm and Family Meet”


Do you have an upcoming

Mistakes are the proof that you are trying.

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R & E Enterprises of Mankato, Inc. 1-800-388-3320

THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 Farm Equipment

Farm Equipment — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Farm Equipment

Farm Equipment




Case IH 1083 8x30 cornhead, FOR SALE: Allis 185 2000 hrs, JD 9510 combine, duals set WANTED: Brillion pull type FOR SALE: ‘83 JD 4650 RETIRING. Case IH 9150, 6200 $3,900; IH 963 6x30 cornhead cab, 540-1000 PTO, $12,500; for 6x30 head, Maurer tank packer. 320-493-3394 MFWD, 4498 hrs, w/ duals, hrs, 280HP, 4WD, 4 hyds, 3pt w/ poly snouts, $2,450; ‘08 Allied 595 loader, $5,000; NH ext, round box yield & mois3pt Q.H., 1000 PTO, 3 hyds, w/ quick hitch, all tires at We buy Case IH RB564 baler, wide baler 311, $7,500; JD pick-up ture, 2300 sep hrs, exc cond, exc cond. 320-238-9370 70%, good condition. ‘81 Int’l Salvage Equipment pickup, net & twine wrap, head, $1,500. 507-524-4637 1086, 4214 hrs, 4 hyds, 3pt, $29,900; JD 643 6x30 cornParts Available same as NH 7090 baler, head, $2,450; Parker 710 JD 4755 MFWD, Low hrs, 4422 straight metal, good condiHammell Equip., Inc. $8,900; Ogden 12 whl v-rake FOR SALE: AgCo 3000 corn- grain cart w/ tarp, $9,750; hrs, 15spd P/S, 3 remotes, tion. Best Offer. 507-947-3859 (507)867-4910 like new, $4,900; Brent 440 head, 8R; JD 3710 plow, 7 Demco 550 gravity box w/ quik hitch, 1000rpm PTO, or 507-381-6576 gravity box w/ lights & bottom; May Wes bean head tarp, $6,650; ‘12 Case IH rock box, full set front end brakes, $3,900; (2) Parker trailer, 25’. 507-838-9843 RMX370 25’ cushion gang wgts, interior nice & clean, Tractors 6250 625 bu gravity boxes w/ disk w/ Case IH mulcher, exc cond, none better, pics Tillage Equip lights & brakes, $5,450/ea. FOR SALE: Balzer 20’ stalk $19,900; NH 1432 13’ discbine, avail, $55,000. 507-249-3985 FOR SALE: IH 806 diesel w/ 320-769-2756 chopper, 1000RPM, pull $6,750. 320-769-2756 IH 2350 loader, utility bucket, FOR SALE: Int’l 710 5 bottom type, $4,000/OBO. 612-741- JD 4630 tractor, QR, 7700 WF, roll bar, 3pt hitch, dual NEW AND USED TRACTOR 3pt moldboard plow, $250; Farm Equipment For Sale: 7949 PARTS JD 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, hrs, 18.4x42 w/ duals, 3pt, hyds, dual PTO, TA & rear Int’l 700 8 bottom moldboard ‘10 JD 9330, 4WD, 2430 hrs; 55, 50 Series & newer tracw/ quick hitch, $9,750; IH wheel wgts. 651-387-2085 onland plow, $500. 507-859‘13 JD S660 combine, 1630 FOR SALE: Sudenga bin untors, AC-all models, Large 720 7x18 or 6x18 3pt onland 2766 eng/1230 sep hrs; ‘13 JD 606C load auger, PTO, 45 degree, Inventory, We ship! Mark FOR SALE: JD 3010 diesel, plows, $2,450/ea; ‘15 JD 569 CH, ‘10 JD 2700 17.5’ disk rip- 6” under bin and 8” up. 507baler, net & twine wrap, NF, single hyd, $7,500/OBO. Heitman Tractor Salvage Please recycle this magazine. per; Mayrath 10”x62’ auger, 640-0146 715-673-4829 moisture monitor, lg tires, 952-353-2104 swing out hopper, like new. $19,750; JD 680 tandem maCall Kim Knewtson 507-340- Harms Mfg. Land Rollers, COMBINES nure spreader, hyd end gate 2112 or Paul Knewtson 507- Brand New, 12’-$6,800; & top beater, $3,900; Balzer ’14 NH T8330, 2140 hrs, MFWD 1000 pts, 340-2111. 14’-$7,000; 16’-$8,000; 24’- 2000 20’ pull type stalk chop- ‘17 JD 680, 1369/865 sep hrs, 4x4, CM, 3 pt 4 Valves, 380x54 rear tires & duals, ...................$185,000 chopper, 520x42” tires & duals $14,800; 32’-$17,500; 42’- per, $2,900. 320-769-2756 320x42 front tires & duals .............................$97,000 ’15 JD 690, 4x4, 1745/1160 sep hrs, CM, FOR SALE: Fantini chopping $21,500. Others from 8’-62’. chopper, 650x38 tires & duals ....................$185,000 ‘13 Drago 6R, 30” chopping for JD combine ........................................................$25,000 8R & 12R CH; 70’ Elmer 715-234-1993 ’15 JD S680, 1465 Eng/731 sep hrs, CM, drag, Merritt alum hopper chopper cast tailboard ................................$165,000 ‘13 Drago 6R, 30” chopping for JD combine ........................................................$25,000 ’13 JD S660, 892/1180 CM, chopper grain trailers; 24R30” JD pl duals............................................................$132,000 ‘09 Drago 6R, 30” chopping fits JD ....................$19,000 on Kinze bar; Big A floater; ‘06 Drago 8R, 30” chopping fits Case/IH ’04 JD 9760, 2268/3460 CM, chopper 175 Michigan ldr; IH 964 Flagship.........................................................$14,500 duals..............................................................$54,000 CH; White 706 & 708 CH & ‘13 Case/IH 3408 8R, 30” for Flagship ................$19,500 ’01 JD 9650 STS, 3014/4325 CM, chopper, parts; White plows & parts; duals..............................................................$39,000 ‘08 Case/IH 2408 8R, 30” fits Flagship ................$11,500 ‘02 Case/IH 2208 8R, 30” fits 1400-2000 ’00 JD 9650 STS, 2645/3623 chopper, 54’ 4300 IH field cultivator; series combines ............................................$11,000 duals..............................................................$39,000 JD 44’ field cult; 3300 Hini’01 JD 9750 STS, 3013/4156 CM, chopper, TRACTOR LOADER BACKHOES ker field cult; header trailer. duals..............................................................$39,000 JD 310SE, cab, 4x4, approx 2213 hrs, extend-a-hoe $32,000 507-380-5324 ’15 Case/IH 6140, 685/810, Tracker, Rt,




FOR SALE: Badger liquid manure pump, model BN104, 40’ of 6” hose, hitch extended, always shedded, load or agitate, $3,995. 500 gal LP tank on steel wheel trailer, $750. 507-381-6719 FOR SALE: 2012 Wood5206D stalk shredder, pull type, used 2 seasons, less than 1000 acres, like new, $10,500. 651-792-6518

We pay top dollar for your damaged grain. We are experienced handlers of your wet, dry, burnt and mixed grains. Trucks and vacs available. Immediate response anywhere. CALL FOR A QUOTE TODAY

PRUESS ELEV., INC. 1-800-828-6642 • 5/8” drum roller wall thickness • 42” drum diameter wall thickness • 4”x8” frame tubing 3/8” thick • Auto fold



GREENWALD FARM CENTER Greenwald, MN • 320-987-3177 14 miles So. of Sauk Centre

chopper .......................................................$149,000 ’14 Case/IH 5130, 660/926, Tracker, Rt, chopper .......................................................$129,000 ’11 Case/IH 8120, 1650/2250 Tracker, Rt, chopper, duals ..............................................$92,500 ’11 Case/IH 7120, 1610/2200 Tracker, Rt, chopper, duals ..............................................$92,500 ’10 Case/IH 7120, 1650/2250 Tracker, Rt, chopper, duals ..............................................$92,500 ’09 Case/IH 7088, 1275/1807 Tracker, Rt, chopper, duals ..............................................$89,000


‘14 Case/IH 350 Rowtrac, 1865 hrs, 18” belts, 120” spacing, 1000 PTO, .................$152,000 ’12 JD 9360R, 1970 hrs, 1000 PTO duals ............................................................$150,000 ’11 NH T9390, 705 hrs, ps duals ....................$120,000 ’14 Case/IH 370 HD, 7065 hrs, 1000 PTO duals ..............................................................$78,000 ’90 Ford 876, 8523 hrs duals ..............................$24,500 ’15’ Case/lH 370 HD, 895 hrs, 1000 PTO, full guidance, 4850 tires and duals ..................$169,000 ’16 Challenger 845E, 4270 hrs, 4 hyd 30” tracks ...........................................................$125,000


’12 JD 8235, 2WD, 1235 hrs, ps, 1000 PTO duals ............................................................$109,000 ’13 Case/IH 290, 1400 hrs, 1000 PTO duals ............................................................$109,000 ’12 Case/IH 260, 1784 hrs, loaded, 1000 PTO duals ..............................................................$98,000 ’11 Versatile 305, 690 hrs, 1000 PTO duals ..............................................................$95,000

‘11 Case 580N, 4x4 cab 2540 hrs .......................$42,000


‘12 CAT 924K, 3355 hrs cab, quick coupler, 2.75 yd bucket ..............................................$89,000 ‘16 JD 544K, 788 hrs, cab, quick coupler w/ bucket, ride control ................................$128,000 ‘13 JD 724K, 9015 hrs, loaded, quick coupler, 4.75 yd bucket, aux. hyd. .............................$92,000 ‘10 Kawasaki 65 ZV-2, 6510 hrs with 2.5 yd bucket ................................................$54,000 ‘08 Kawasaki 80 ZV, 5775 hrs, 4 yd bucket, loadrite scale .................................................$55,000 ‘12 Volvo 50F, 5785 hrs, QC, 2 yd bucket ..........$65,000 ‘13 Volvo 110G, 9452 hrs QC, 4.5 yd bucket, scale ..............................................................$79,000 ‘13 Case 821F, 6485 hrs, quick coupler, 4.5 yd bucket, aux. hyd. ...............................$77,000 ‘14 Case 921FXR, 8895 hrs, high lift, quick tach, w/ grapple bucket. .....................$89,000


‘12 JD 120D, 3460 hrs, hyd thumb 24” bucket .....................................................$69,500 ‘11 JD 290GLC, 3347 hrs, 12’6” stick, 42” bucket ...................................................$120,000 ‘11 Case CX300C, 2658 hrs, 12’ stick, 54” bucket ...................................................$117,000


‘17 Case CX57C, cab & air, 333 hrs rubber tracks .............................................................$50,000 ‘11 Bobcat E45EM, cab & air, 2965 hrs, rubber tracks .............................................................$30,000


‘08 CAT 12M VHP, 3568 hrs, 14’ blade ..............$100,000 ‘10 JD 870G, 4533 hrs, 14’ blade, ripper ..........$125,000

LARSON IMPLEMENTS 5 miles east of Cambridge, MN on Hwy. 95 763-689-1179

Look at our website for pictures & more listings:

PAGE 20 —”Where Farm and Family Meet”

Tillage Equip

Harvesting Equip

Harvesting Equip


Grain Handling Equipment

Hiniker pull type chisel plow, ‘96 JD 9600, 4065 eng, 2601 sep FOR SALE: ‘06 9760, 2spd, ‘04 SuperB SD1200C grain 19’, walking tandems, very hrs, duals, RWA, Contour PRWD, 2779 hrs, 2050 sep dryer, S/S planum, 230V, 3 nice shape; 10”x72’ Westfield Master, single pt hookup, hrs, Contour Master, single phase, 300 Amp disconnect, auger, w/ swing. 507-220-6810 long auger, LED lites, Vitte- point latching, Maurer top- LP gas, quantum controltoe spreader; ‘00 JD 893 ch, per, power cast tailboard, ler, moisture equalizer, 4675 JD 2700 moldboard plow, ‘04 JD 630 bean head, hydro- $55,000. 507-381-4406 burner hrs, 1950BPH at 5 5-18s, vari-width. 507-327- flex, Both units very good pts. $80,000. 507-530-2365 1476 FOR SALE: 9500 JD combine cond. $51,500. 507-220-6810 w/ RWA, low hrs, 25’ bean 3,000 bu Butler hopper holdONE LEFT - NEW ‘98 Gleaner R62, 3659 eng/ 2592 head, 6R poly cornhead, w/ ing bin. John Palmer 5072014 M&W #1710 7 Shank sep hrs, rebuilt eng (2 hrs head mover; 530 DMI ripper. 829-1752 (Auto Re-Set) Earthmaster on it) w/ new injectors, new Both very good cond, and al(HD Series) w/ Crumbler turbo, all rebuilt inj pump, ways shedded. 507-340-7720 FOR SALE: MC 665E grain dryer w/ heat saver, 3ph, List $64,257 Special $38,700 Yield Monitor, torrent auger, OBO Dealer 319-347-6282 or auto header hgt, chopper, FOR SALE: Gleaner F2 gas propane, all heat or heat & 319-347-6150 Can Deliver nice shape, $49,799. 320-583- 15’ bean head, 430 black cool, $5,000/OBO; 2000 bu cornhead, nice condition, wet holding bin, $2,000. Case 2504 Leave message. $4,000. Also, orange 430 IH complete 3’ combine uncornhead. Waterville MN loading auger ext, fits 8120 Sell your farm equipment Planting Equip combine & other models, 507-327-1027 in The Land with a line ad. $750; Westfield 8” hopper 507-345-4523 JD 7000 Corn Planter, 2 Row, Gehl Forage Harvester 1275 jump auger w/ 3ph or single 3PT $1,800, Fert. Avail. $350/ FOR SALE: Brent 880 grain chopper 3R cornhead, new phase motor, $500. 651-387Row. 715-234-1993 cart, 1000 PTO, 30.5x32 Fire- gathering belts, 2 yrs ago, 2085 stone tires, adj hyd spout & Tandem, 9’ hay head, proaxle, lights, excellent con- cessor, very clean, always FOR SALE: Westfield 13”x61’ Hay & Forage dition, always shedded, one shedded. Sold the cows. 320- auger, PTO, $8,700; also Equipment Westfield 8”x61’ EMD $5,800, owner. $22,500/OBO. 320-359- 290-4475 or 320-250-0084 both in very good condition. 2692 FOR SALE: (2) H&S 16’ 7+4 MF 850 with 1163 cornhead Electric auger is like new, forage wagons, excellent and 2381 bean head, good comes w/ motor. 320-359-2692 condition, always shedded. FOR SALE: JD 120 stalk cutgood rubber, ter, exc cond, always shed- condition, 507-327-4433 ded, $5,500. Balbor 10-17HP $7,500. 507-239-2422 Livestock elec motor, from Farm Fans Retiring. For Sale (4) Demco Equipment Thank you for reading dryer, runs 36” fan blades, model 750 gravity boxes; $650. Call for pictures. 507THE LAND! (2) red w/ tarps, 455/55R22.5 WANTED: 50’ & 60’ belt feed840-0483 tires; (2) green, 445/65R22.5 er, 12’ conveyor, must be in tires. All very good condi- good condition. 320-250-5634 **WE SPREAD AG LIME** tion. 320-630-1777

R&E Enterprises of Mankato, Inc.

RETIRING. For Sale: ‘07 Geringhoff 6R30” cornhead w/ head sight, excellent condition, 507-640-0146

If you’re having a Farm Auction, let other Farmers know it!

Why use R&E Enterprises of Mankato, Inc?

NO STOCKPILING ON THE GROUND • Our trucks deliver ag lime directly to the TerraGator • TerraGators minimize ground compaction •No wasted lime or mess to clean up • No foliage to plug the spreader GPS APPLICATION AND GUIDANCE SYSTEMS • We apply variable and conventional rates • We can spread 1 to 6 ton/acre in a single pass • We have seven units to minimize wait time • We have twenty five trucks to haul lime

Your ad could be here! 507-345-4523

Upcoming Issues of THE LAND Southern MNNorthern IA Oct. 4, 2019 Oct. 18, 2019 Nov. 1, 2019 Nov. 15, 2019


Northern MN Sept. 27, 2019 Oct. 11, 2019 Oct. 25, 2019 Nov. 8, 2019 Nov. 22, 2019

Deadline is 8 days prior to publication. Indicates early deadline, 9 days prior to publication.

For more information on Agricultural Lime delivery, spreading and rates, please email us at: or call 800-388-3320 today!

R & E Enterprises of Mankato, Inc. 1-800-388-3320

PO Box 3169 • Mankato, MN 56002 Phone: 507-345-4523 or 800-657-4665 Fax: 507-345-1027 Website: e-mail: Ask Your Auctioneer to Place Your Auction in The Land!



All kinds of New & Used farm FOR SALE: 1 Hamp ram, 3 equipment - disc chisels, field 1/2 yr old, Quam breeding, cults, planters, soil finishers, also 1 Poly Pay ram, 2 1/2 yr cornheads, feed mills, discs, old. 952-465-4523 balers, haybines, etc. 507Suffolk & Polypay rams & ewe 438-9782 lambs, muscle & productive. 507-445-3317 Leave message. 507-822-3398. Livestock FOR SALE: Black Angus Horses & Tack bulls also Hamp, York, & Hamp/Duroc boars & gilts. FOR SALE: Medium sized 320-598-3790 riding horse, gentle. 507-4273561


Trucks &

Trailers FOR SALE: Double 10 swing Parabone parlor, vacuum pump, 10 Surge units pipe- 1998 Volvo semi, 12.7L Detroit, line washer, 10 take offs, 500HP, 10spd transmission, plate cooler; 2017 NH 3400S 160” WB, new steer tires, dry/liquid spreader. 507-951- 4 new drivers, 450K miles, very clean truck, $16,900/ 1121 OBO. J&M 30’ header trailFOR SALE: 5 Surge One er, $2,500. 507-240-0294 Touches, 6 classic 300 units, Sutorbilt vacuum pump, FOR SALE: ‘79 Int’l 466 MoSurge pipeline, Electrobrain tor, Allison Auto, Tandem auto pipeline washer. 320- Twin Screw, Day Cab, 150K miles, no rust, 18’ of Frame 250-5634 behind Cab; ‘94 Freight Liner 120 Day Cab, 60 Series DeSwine troit, 20Spd Trans, Tandem Twin Screw, 23’ of Frame FOR SALE: Yorkshire, Hamp- behind Cab, Low Miles; ‘97 shire, Duroc & Hamp/Duroc Int’l, 10Spd, Wet Kit, Tanboars, also gilts. Excellent dem Twin Screw, Cummings selection. Raised outside. Eng, 370HP, Nice Older Exc herd health. No PRSS. Truck, 670K miles. Call: 302632-8950 Delivery avail. 320-760-0365 Spot, Duroc, Chester White, FOR SALE: ‘79 C70 Chevrolet Boars & Gilts available. grain truck, 20’ box, no rust, Monthly PRRS and PEDV. 6 yr old eng, excellent condDelivery available. Steve tion, pictures available. 507859-2766 or 507-530-0208 Resler. 507-456-7746

Copy is 2.5 x 5.16


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Stop focusing on how stressed you are and Remember how Blessed you are.

For Rent Machine Sheds, Bins, and Outdoor Spaces: rent one or rent all, 2 miles west of Elmore at 36402, 15th St. Sheds: 60x100 shed $4500/yr, 40x80; Quanset shed w/ cement floors, 16wX14h overhd doors, $2000 pr/yr each; a 40x40 Quanset shed w/cement flr, 16wX14h overhd door, $1,000 pr/yr; a 30x60 shed, gravel flr, 24x12.5h overhd dr, $1100 pr/yr; Bins: 22,000 bu. $2500 pr/yr; 12,000 bu. $1200 pr/yr; 9500 bu. $1000 pr/yr; Outdoor spaces: $250 pr/yr pr/vehicle or boat etc.

L&M Rentals 507-647-3800 or Jill 507-766-9422

Taking Consignments For: Fall Consignment Auction

Having an

AUCTION? Advertise it in The Land Call 507-345-4523

Saturday, October 26th, 2019 ~ 9:00 am 55780 St Hwy 19, Winthrop, MN

Advertising deadline is September 25, 2019


Auctioneer taking Consignments: Mages 507-276-7002 Lic. 08-19-001


Thief River Falls, MN



m, 3 ng, 2 yr — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

LOCATION: 15865 200th St NE, Thief River Falls, MN 56701. From Thief River Falls, from Hwy. 1 E just past Northland Community College, turn onto 150th Ave NE, 3 miles north on 150th Ave NE, 7/8 mile east on 200th Street. AUCTIONEER’S NOTE: Major equipment begins selling at 10:30 AM. Live online bidding available on major equipment. Registration, terms, & details at

2013 VERSATILE 450

1992 KENWORTH T800 1993 JOHN DEERE 9600

INCLUDES: 4WD Tractors, 2WD Tractors & Loader, Harvest Equipment, Grain Cart & Gravity Wagons, Aid Seeder, Tillage Equipment, Plows, Semi Tractors, Trailers, Grain Handling Equipment, Rockpickers & Rock Windrower, Other Equipment, Crawler Dozers & Grader, Tanks & Farm Support Items

SteffesGroup. com Steffes Group, Inc., 2000 Main Avenue East, West Fargo, ND

LUKE & DAN KAUSHAGEN Luke, 218.686.5330, Dan 907.947.8288

or Brad Olstad at Steffes Group, 701.237.9173 or 701.238.0240

TERMS: All items sold as is where is. Payment of cash or check must be made sale day before removal of items. Statements made auction day take precedence over all advertising. $35 documentation fee applies to all titled vehicles. Titles will be mailed. Canadian buyers need a bank letter of credit to facilitate border transfer. Scott Steffes MN14-51

PAGE 22 —”Where Farm and Family Meet”


irst Your F or f Choice ds! ie Classif

Place d Your A Today!

Livestock, Machinery, Farmland... you name it! People will buy it when they see it in The Land! To submit your classified ad use one of the following options: Phone: 507-345-4523 or 1-800-657-4665 Mail to: The Land Classifieds, P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002 Fax to: 507-345-1027 • Email: Online at: DEADLINE: Friday at 5:00 p.m. for the following Friday edition. Plus! Look for your classified ad in the e-edition.

South Central Minnesota’s Daily News Source








































• Reach over 150,000 readers • Start your ad in The Land • Add more insertions • Get more coverage

The ad prices listed are based on a basic classified line ad of 25 words or less. Ads running longer than 25 words will incur an added charge.

CHECK ONE:  Announcements  Employment  Real Estate  Real Estate Wanted  Farm Rentals  Auctions  Agri Business  Farm Services  Sales & Services  Merchandise  Antiques & Collectibles  Lawn & Garden  Feed Seed Hay  Fertilizer & Chemicals  Bins & Buildings  Farm Equipment  Tractors  Tillage Equipment  Planting Equipment  Spraying Equipment

 Hay & Forage Equipment  Harvesting Equipment  Grain Handling Equipment  Livestock Equipment  Wanted  Free & Give Away  Livestock  Poultry  Dairy  Cattle  Swine  Sheep  Goats  Horses & Tack  Exotic Animals  Pets & Supplies  Cars & Pickups  Industrial & Construction  Trucks & Trailers  Recreational Vehicles  Miscellaneous

NOTE: Ad will be placed in the appropriate category if not marked.

Now... add a photo to your classified line ad for only $10.00!!

THE LAND (Includes 1 Southern & 1 Northern issue)

1 run @ $19.99 = _____________________________ 2 runs @ $34.99 = _____________________________ 3 runs @ $44.99 = _____________________________

Each additional line (over 7) + $1.40 per line per issue = _____________________________ EXTENDED COVERAGE - must run the same number of times as The Land FARM NEWS (FN) - Serving farmers in Northwest Iowa, 21,545 circ. THE COUNTRY TODAY (CT) - Serving farmers in Wisconsin, 21,000 circ. THE FREE PRESS (FP) - Serving south central Minnesota, 19,025 circ.

PAPER(S) ADDED (circle all options you want): FN CT FP $7.70 for each paper and $7.70 run each issues x $7.70 = _____________________________ STANDOUT OPTIONS (THE LAND only) $2.00 per run: = _____________________________  Bold  Italic  Underline  Web/E-mail links

 Border $10.00 each per run  Photo (THE LAND only)

= _____________________________ TOTAL

This is NOT for businesses. Please call The Land to place line ads.

= _____________________________

Name ____________________________________________________________ Address __________________________________________________________ City ___________________________________State_________ Zip__________ Phone __________________________________________ # of times _______ Card # ____________________________________________________________ Exp. Date__________________


Signature _________________________________________________________

SORRY! We do not issue refunds.

ADVERTISING NOTICE: Please check your ad the first week it runs. We make every effort to avoid errors by checking all copy, but sometimes errors are missed. Therefore, we ask that you review your ad for correctness. If you find a mistake, please call (507) 345-4523 immediately so that the error can be corrected. We regret that we cannot be responsible for more than one week’s insertion if the error is not called to our attention. We cannot be liable for an amount greater than the cost of the ad. THE LAND has the right to edit, reject or properly classify any ad. Each classified line ad is separately copyrighted to THE LAND. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 Trucks & Trailers — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

ADVERTISING NOTICE: Please check your ad the first week it runs. We make every effort to avoid errors by checking all copy, but sometimes errors are missed. Therefore, we ask that you review your ad for correctness. If you find a mistake, please call (507) 345-4523 immediately so that the error can be corrected. We regret that we cannot be responsible for more than one week’s insertion if the error is not called to our attention. We cannot be liable for an amount greater than the cost of the ad. THE LAND has the right to edit, reject or properly classify any ad. Each classified line ad is separately copyrighted to THE LAND. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.


PARMA DRAINAGE PUMPS New pumps & parts on hand. Call Minnesota’s largest distributor HJ Olson & Company FOR SALE: ‘06 Kenworth T600 studio sleeper, new steer 320-974-8990 Cell - 320-212-5336 tires, drives 70%. 1.770000 miles, Cat C15, 13spd, many REINKE IRRIGATION new parts, $18,500 or trade Sales & Service for small farm equipment. New & Used 320-224-1674 For your irrigation needs 888-830-7757 or 507-276-2073 FOR SALE: ‘91 IH8100 grain truck, L10 Cummins, 9spd, WANTED FREON R12. blue Scott box & hoist, 20’, We pay CA$H. white cab, solid, clean, good R12 R500 R11. Convenient. tires, recent service & DOT, Certified professionals. $28,500. John 507-381-7097, 15 miles SE of Mankato. 312-291-9169


FOR SALE: ‘74 IH 1800 twin Winpower Sales & Service screw, 20’ box & hoist. 507Reliable Power Solutions 427-3561 Since 1925 PTO & automatic Emergency Electric GenerFOR SALE: ‘79 Int’l tri-axle, ators. New & Used 20’ aluminum box, 671 DeRich Opsata-Distributor troit 8spd trans. 507-340-7720 800-343-9376


NEW NH T4.75, T4.90, T4.120 w/loader.. ...... On Hand NEW NH Workmaster 60, 50, 35’s/loaders ... On Hand NEW Massey 4710 w/cab and loader ........... On Hand NEW Massey 4710 rops/loader..................... On Hand NEW Massey 6713 w/cab and loader ........... On Hand NEW Massey 1735 w/cab and loader ........... On Hand NEW NH T9.645 ............................................. On Hand NEW Versatiile 610 ........................................ On Hand ‘13 NH T8.275, 495 hrs ................................. $145,000 ‘12 Buhler 280..................................................$99,500 ‘09 Versatile 435 3000 hrs ............................ $128,000 ‘08 NH 8010 .................................................. $110,000 ‘08 Agco RT 155A ........................................... $86,500 ‘03 Versatile 2310, PS ..................................... $79,500 ‘96 White 6175 FWA....................................... $41,500 ‘95 Agco Allis 9670 fwa .................................. $36,500 White 2-135 ..................................................... $13,900


New NH Hay Tools - ON HAND


NEW NH E26C mini excavator ...................... On Hand NEW NH track & wheeled skidsteers............ On Hand NEW NH L228/L220/L232 wheeled units ...... On Hand NEW NH C227/C237 track units.................... On Hand ‘03 JD 240 Series II, 825 Hrs .......................... $16,800


NEW Fantini chopping cornhead ........................... Call ‘15 Gleaner S88 ............................................... Coming ‘12 Gleaner S77 ............................................... Coming ‘12 Gleaner S77............................................ $205,000 ‘03 Gleaner R65 ............................................ $105,000 ‘03 Gleaner R65 ............................................... Coming ‘98 Gleaner R62 .............................................. $79,500 ‘98 Gleaner R62 ...................................................... Call TILLAGE Gleaner 3308 chopping corn heads ...................... Call ‘14 Sunflower 4412-05.....................................$30,000 Geringhoff parts & heads available ‘13 Wilrich QX2 60’FC w/Bskt............................Just In MISCELLANEOUS ‘10 Sunflower 4412-07 .................................... $24,000 ‘10 Wilrich QX2 37’ w/basket.......................... $38,500 NEW Salford RTS Units .......................................... Call ‘09 Wilrich QX 55’5 w/bskt.............................. $37,500 NEW Salford Plows................................................. Call ‘05 CIH 730b cush. w/leads............................ $16,500 NEW Unverferth Seed Tenders .............................. Call ‘03 NH ST250 40’FC w/Bskt ........................... $30,500 NEW Westfield Augers ........................................... Call ‘95 JD 726, 30’ ................................................ $19,500 NEW REM VRX Vacs. .............................................. Call JD 512 9-24 blades ......................................... $12,500 NEW Hardi Sprayers............................................... Call NEW Riteway Rollers .............................................. Call PLANTERS NEW Lorenz Snowblowers ..................................... Call ‘15 White 9816FS 16-30 w/Agleader .............. $83,500 NEW Batco Conveyors ........................................... Call ‘12 White 8186, 16-30 w/liq. fert. .................... $53,000 NEW Brent Wagons & Grain Carts ......................... Call ‘11 White 8516 CFS, Loaded .......................... $75,000 NEW E-Z Trail Seed Wagons .................................. Call ‘06 White 8516 cfs .......................................... $54,000 NEW Rock Buckets & Pallet Forks ......................... Call ‘05 White 8182 12-30 w/liq ............................. $22,900 REM 2700, Rental ................................................... Call JD 7200 8-30 w/dry fert ..................................... $7,500 Pre-Owned Grain Cart ................................... On Hand White 6122 w/bean unit ................................. $12,500 New Horsch Jokers ....................................... On Hand

All Equipment available with Low Rate Financing (507) 234-5191 (507) 625-8649 Hwy. 14, 3 miles West of Janesville, MN


Mon.-Fri. 7:30-5:00 • Sat. 7:30-Noon

Beck's Hybrids .................................................... A1, A12, A13 C & S Roof ing ...................................................................A11 Courtland Waste Handling ....................................................A9 Curt's Truck & Diesel .........................................................B2 Distel Grain System Inc .......................................................B1 Dish .....................................................................................B4 Fladeboe Land ...........................................................A16, A17 Greenwald Farm Center ......................................................A19 Henslin Auctions ........................................................A17, A18 Hubbard .............................................................................A10 K & S Millwrights ............................................................. B12 Kannegiesser Truck Sales .....................................................B5 Kerkhoff Auction ...............................................................A17 Land Resource Management ...............................................A17 Larry Mages ......................................................................A21 Larson Brothers Implement ................................................A19 Mages Auction ...................................................................A21 Mid-American Auction Co ..................................................A16 MN Livestock Breeders ........................................................A3 Northland Building Inc.........................................................A5 Pruess Elevator ..................................................................A19 R & E Enterprises ......................................................A18, A20 Rush River Steel & Trim .................................................... B11 Schweiss Distributing .........................................................A20 Smiths Mill Implement .......................................................A23 Southwest MN Fence ............................................................A6 Steffes Group .................................................... A16, A17, A21 Thinlight Technologles .........................................................A4 Wingert Realty ..................................................................A16 Wyffels Hybrids ............................................................ B6, B7

507-345-4523 • 800-657-4665 PO Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56001

PAGE 24A — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


This week’s Back Roads is the work of The Land Correspondent Tim King. Photos by Jan King.


The 60-foot wall of wonder

nd so, Little Red Riding Hood finally arrived at her grandmother’s house. She knocked on the door and a very deep voice said, “Come in.” Little Red Riding Hood thought that was a strange voice, but she opened the door and went in. There she saw her grandmother lying in bed. She looked very strange indeed! “What a deep voice you have!” “The better to greet you with.”  “Goodness, what big eyes you have!”  “The better to see you with.”  “And what big hands you have!”  “The better to hug you with!” “What a big mouth you have.”  “The better to eat you with!”

I expect you know how this ends. If not, the book is in the library. And a mural featuring Red Riding Hood and The Big Bad Wolf can be found on the wall of the STEP-On-In thrift store next to the Sauk Centre, Minn. branch of the Great River Regional Library. It was a lonely walk in the forest that day long, long ago when young Ms. Riding Hood left the safety of her home to visit her grandma. But she’s not alone in Sauk Centre. Aslan the lion, from C.S. Lewis’ wonderful trilogy, and Black Beauty are also there to provide companionship and rescue, if necessary.

The cast of characters from children’s literature is as huge as the human imagination; but the capacity of this murals artists to capture the icons and classics in vivid colors is brilliant. There’s Dorothy and the crew from The Wizaard of Oz. Nearby, a Hare and a Tortoise run their eternal race; while not far off, Alladin sails away from it all and towards grand adventures. You can sit on the comfortable bench, dedicated to Sauk Centre newspaperman Dave Simpkins, and let the paintings of each story take you back to your childhood. Or you can admire the wonderful composition of the whole 60 foot long art work.

Sauk Centre, Minn.

We love the image of the children seated around and on the apex of a book mountain. One child gazes up at a full moon as a rocket ship leaves the earth in flames of glory; while another looks towards a sailing ship landing on earth’s shore. Is that Captain Long John Silver? Where is he going? Where has he been? Thanks to the Sauk Centre community group Artify Sauk Center for this, and other delightful public art throughout the community, delightful work of art. Their website is artifysaukcentre. org. v


September 20, 2019 September 27, 2019

Details announced for farm program sign-up The U.S. Department of Agriculture has announced sign-up details for the 2019 and 2020 commodity farm program, which is being implemented as part of the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 FARM PROGRAMS (the 2018 farm bill). The farm programs under the By Kent Thiesse 2018 farm bill will function very similarly to the farm programs for the 20142018 crop years. However, there were some significant changes in certain aspects of the farm program. Following are details for the 2019 and 2020 farm program sign-up: Enrollment dates for the 2019 farm program began on Sept. 3 and will continue until March 15, 2020 at local USDA Farm Service Agency offices. Farm program sign-up dates in 2020 are Oct. 7, 2019 to June 30, 2020. For the years 2021-23, signups will take place beginning in October (the previous year) through March 15 (program year). Eligible cops include corn, soybeans, wheat, oats, barley, grain sorghum, long grain rice, medium/ short grain rice, temperate japonica rice, seed cotton, dry peas, lentils, large and small chickpeas, peanuts, sunflower seed, canola, flaxseed, mustard seed, rapeseed, safflower, crambe and sesame seed. Eligible producers will be able to choose between the price-only Price Loss Coverage (PLC) and revenue-based Ag Risk Coverage (ARC) program choices for the 2019 and 2020 crop production years. Beginning with the 2021 crop year, producers will be able to make an annual election between the ARC and PLC program choices. The ARC program choice includes both the county-yield based ARC-CO program choice and the ARC-IC program, which is based on farm-level yields. The farm program choice between the PLC and ARC-CO farm program choices will be specific to each eligible crop, and the choice can vary from farm unit to farm unit for the same crop. The ARCIC program must be applied to all covered commodities on a given farm unit. Crop base acres will remain at current levels for all crops on most farms. The only adjustments in base acres will be for crop acres that were added via land purchases or land rental agreements, for unas-


signed generic base acres from the last farm bill, or for acres that are no longer eligible for farm program payments. Producers will have the opportunity to update their FSA farm program payment yields beginning with the 2020 crop year. Yield updates will be based on the average farm yields for the 2013 to 2017 crop years on planted acres for eligible crops, which will be factored down to 81 percent for corn and soybeans, and 90 percent for wheat. If the updated yields are lower than current levels, producers can choose to keep their current FSA program yields. The farm program yields are used to calculate PLC payments on individual FSA farm units.

Risk Management Agency (RMA) yields used for crop insurance yield calculations, which will be calculated at the county-level, will now be used for determining ARC-CO benchmark and actual county yields for ARC-CO payments. The National Ag Statistics Service yields, which were the primary yield source for ARC-CO in the last farm bill, will now be used as a secondary yield data source. ARC-CO payments will now be based on the county where an FSA farm unit is located, rather than the county of the FSA administrative office of the producer (as existed in the last farm bill). For proSee THIESSE, pg. 2B

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PAGE 2B — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Program calculations will remain similar to last farm bill THIESSE, from pg. 1B ducers with FSA administrative farm units in multiple counties, ARC-CO revenues will be “weighted” according to the base acres that are physically located in a county. The reference prices for PLC and ARC-CO programs will be established at the greater of the current reference prices or 85 percent of the market year average price for the most recent five years, excluding the high and low year. The reference price cannot exceed 115 percent of the current reference price. The current minimum reference prices (and new maximum prices) are: corn, $3.70/bu. (maximum $4.26/bu.); soybeans, $8.40/bu. (maximum $9.66/ bu.); and wheat, $5.50/bu. (maximum $6.33/bu.). Note: Due to lower MYA price levels in recent years, the reference prices for corn, soybeans and wheat for the PLC program will likely stay at the current levels for 2019 and 2020. However, the 2019 ARC-CO and ARC-IC benchmark prices for corn, soybeans and wheat will likely

increase from 2018 benchmark price base acres, and ARC-IC payments are go to the FSA farm program website levels. at: on 65 percent of base acres. services/arcplc_program/index Commodity national loan rates were For more information on the PLC increased beginning with the 2019 and ARC programs, and other details, See THIESSE, pg. 11B crop year as follows (with previous 2019 and 2020 Farm Program loan rates also listed): corn, $2.20/bu. (previously $1.95/bu.); soybeans, $6.20/ Program Details Price Loss Coverage (PLC) Ag Risk Coverage – County (ARC-CO) bu. (previously $5.00/bu.); and wheat, $3.38/bu. (previously $2.94/bu.). Note: Base Price Crop Reference Price (RP) Benchmark Price County loan rates are adjusted based Higher of the reference price or the fiveon geographical price differences. year “Olympic” average price RPs for 2019 and 2020 will be: Likely 2019 and 2020 Benchmark Prices: Calculation formulas, etc. for the Corn = $3.70/bu. Corn = $4.01/bu. (2019); PLC, ARC-CO and ARC-IC programs $3.82-$4.01/ bu. (2020) will remain similar to the farm pro Soybeans = $8.40/bu. Soybeans = $9.55/bu. (2019); grams in the last farm bill. PLC pay $9.13-$9.55/bu. (2020) ments are made when the final mar Wheat = $5.50/bu. Wheat = $5.63/bu. (2019); ket year average price falls below the $5.57-$5.63/bu. (2020) reference price for a crop. ARC-CO payments are made when the final Final Price 12-month national market year Same as for PLC county revenue (county yield times average price market year average price) falls below Sept. 1 to Aug. 31 for corn and the benchmark revenue for a given soybeans crop. Calculations for the ARC-IC pro June 1 to May 31 for wheat gram are the same as for ARC-CO, except ARC-IC uses farm-level yield Payment Yield Farm Unit FSA program yields County Benchmark Yields data and considers all crops on a farm 2019 — Current FSA yields Five-year rolling “Olympic” average unit together. PLC and ARC-CO pay county yield ments are paid on 85 percent of crop 2020 — Higher of current or Harvest yield is the final

PLC and ARC-CO Farm Program Comparison Table

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county average yield (RMA data)

Payment Revenue N/A

Benchmark Revenue = county benchmark yield times benchmark price Revenue Guarantee = Benchmark revenue times 86 percent

Payment Acres 85 percent of base acres

85 percent of base acres for an eligible crop for an eligible crop

Payment Formula

PLC Payment per Base Acre = ARC-CO Payment per Base Acre = (Reference price minus final Revenue guarantee minus final county market year average price) revenue (Final county yield times final times FSA yield times 85 percent market yield average price times 85 If the final market year average percent price is higher than the If the final county revenue is higher than reference price, there is NOT a the revenue guarantee, there is NOT an PLC payment for that crop ARC-CO payment for that crop

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updated FSA yields (based on 2013-2017 average farm yields)

County benchmark revenue times 10 percent times 85 percent

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FSA Farm Program Details on past market year average prices, benchmark yields and Data payments, etc. are available at and Information Table developed by Farm Management Analyst Kent Thiesse

THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Low milk supplies give cheddar price a big boost This column was written for the marketquently, more cheese. A few contacts susing week ending Sept. 13. pect that without the potential for new market opportunities, the United States Block cheddar cheese hit the highest may again have a lot of cheese that is price in almost five years and is the highhard to sell. est-priced cheese in the world. It closed Sept. 13 at $2.2050 per pound, up an U.S. cheese and butter exports have astounding 20.75 cents on the week, the been hindered by the strong prices, but highest since Oct. 22, 2014, and is 60 are not a total disaster. Kurzawski also cents above a year ago. It’s still 24.5 cents reported that China announced this week MIELKE MARKET shy of the record-high block price of $2.45 it would suspend its tariffs on U.S. whey WEEKLY on Sept. 19, 2014. on Sept. 17. China has been buying more By Lee Mielke U.S. lactose the last couple months, he As traders anticipated the August said, as “They’re going to try — come Milk Production report on Sept. 18, hell or high water — to rebuild their the barrel price finished at $1.92. hog herd,” which was devastated by This is up 17.75 cents, the highest African swine fever. Kurzawski said since Nov. 12, 2014, and 50 cents above a year ago; it will be a slow process, but “The United States is but is 28.5 cents below the blocks. Nine cars of block well-positioned to help them.” were traded on the week at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and 14 of barrel. The October Class III Kurzawski also wrote in his Sept. 12 Early futures contract settled on Sept. 12 at $19.16 per Morning Update, “Revolutions come from empty hundredweight. stomachs; the Chinese leadership is keenly aware of FC Stone dairy broker Dave Kurzawski explained this. The protests in Hong Kong put an exclamation point on this. While the protests were political in in the Sept. 16 Dairy Radio Now broadcast that nature, it could be a hint at what’s coming if China tightened milk supplies resulting from crimped actually had to ration food. Food price inflation in margins on U.S. dairy farms the past few years China has been very strong and appears to be accelmeant lower cheese output. Plus, Class IV milk erating due to African swine fever.” prices have topped Class III prices which pulled some milk from the cheese vat, resulting in lower n cheddar output (the cheese traded at the CME). He Spot butter, perhaps buoyed by the cheese, also credited “very strong domestic cheese demand,” climbed to $2.2350 per pound on Sept. 11, but for the high prices. backed off to close at $2.2225. This is up a nickel on The cheese price was the topic of the week, the week, but 1.25 cents below a year ago. A hefty according to Dairy Market News, but contacts are 55 cars traded hands on the week. concerned what markets will do in the near future. Butter producers differ on the effect of lower marSome expect a sharp fall-off while others question ket prices in terms of demand. Some say orders are where the ceiling is. Midwest cheese sales remain picking up while others say demand remains quiet. healthy, even with the price upticks and inventories The cream picture has remained similar. It is availare in balance. able, plants are taking advantage of the accessibiliWestern cheese makers have plenty of milk and ty, and producers are working on 2020 cream conare running plants near full capacity. Strong seatracts. sonal pizza demand is particularly promoting proWestern retail orders for print butter are not as duction of mozzarella and the wide price spread is good as sellers would like, says Dairy Market News, encouraging block production. Some contacts are but food service intakes remain “stout,” helping to trying to make sense of the lift in prices — especial- keep inventories under control. ly for the blocks. They see demand as adequate to “Global butter sales are steady, but with the keep stocks from ballooning; but export demand has strong value of the dollar and higher U.S. butter been stifled by the higher prices compared to world prices compared to the EU, export demand is prices. Contacts also suggest that supplies of block unlikely to improve in the near future,” warns Dairy cheese that meet CME market requirements are Market News. Butter stocks are readily accessible limited, giving a push to prices. Demand has been strong for block cheese, with some suppliers heavily and “As cream availability increases in the west and high freight costs limit the move of cream across committed over the next few months, reports Dairy regions, butter manufacturing is more active.” Market News, but with “languid consumer demand for processed cheese, there is currently no shortage Grade A nonfat dry milk dipped to $1.0375 per of barrels and 640s.” pound on Sept. 10, but rallied to close Sept. 13 at $1.0550. This is up three-quarter cents on the week The big question is how well the market can and 18 cents above a year ago, with five carloads regain a balance, says Dairy Market News. Block exchanging hands on the week. and barrel prices may moderate somewhat, but the concern is that stronger milk prices and cheap feed Dry whey gained a quarter-cent, closing at 39.75 may incentivize more milk production and, subsecents per pound, on three sales.


n The U.S. Department of Agriculture raised its 2019 milk production estimate in the latest World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report, based on stronger growth in milk per cow offsetting forecast lower cow numbers. The 2020 forecast was reduced from last month on slower expected growth in dairy cow numbers. However, this is partly offset by slightly higher forecast milk per cow. 2019 production and marketings were estimated at 218 and 217 billion pounds respectively, up 100 million pounds from last month’s estimate. If realized, 2019 production would be up 400 million pounds or 0.2 percent from 2018. 2020 production and marketings were estimated at 221.2 and 220.2 billion pounds respectively, down 200 million and 100 million pounds respectively from last month’s estimates. If realized, 2020 production would be up 3.2 billion pounds or 1.5 percent from 2019. The 2019 and 2020 fat basis import forecasts were lowered on recent trade data and expectations of slower butterfat imports. Fat basis export forecasts for 2019 and 2020 were reduced from last month on weaker expected global demand for U.S. butterfat products. The 2019 skim-solids basis import forecast was raised from the previous month on higher-thanexpected imports of milk protein concentrates and a number of other dairy products. This strength is expected to carry over into 2020 and the 2020 skimsolids basis import forecast was raised. The skimsolids basis export forecast for 2019 was reduced from last month on weakness in a number of dairy products, but the 2020 skim-solids basis export forecast was raised primarily on expected strong global demand for lactose. Cheese, nonfat dry milk and whey prices for 2019 and 2020 were raised from the previous month, but the price forecast for butter was reduced. The 2019 and 2020 the Class III milk price forecasts were raised from last month on higher cheese and whey prices. Look for the 2019 Class III to average $16.45 per cwt., up 15 cents from last month’s projection, and compares to $14.61 in 2018 and $16.17 in 2017. The 2020 average is projected at $17.05, up 50 cents from last month’s estimate. The 2019 and 2020 Class IV price forecasts were lowered as lower forecast butter prices more than offset higher nonfat dry milk prices. The 2019 average is now pegged at $16.15 per cwt., down 15 cents from last month’s estimate, and compares to $14.23 in 2018 and $15.16 in 2017. Expect the 2020 Class IV average at $16.15, down 30 cents from last month’s projection. This month’s 2019-/20 U.S. corn outlook is for reduced production, lower use for ethanol, and See MIELKE, pg. 4B

PAGE 4B — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Fluid milk sales see first positive move since April 2018 MIELKE, from pg. 3B slightly higher ending stocks. Corn production was forecast at 13.799 billion bushels, down 102 million from last month on a lower yield forecast. Supplies are down from last month, as a smaller crop more than offsets larger beginning stocks due to lower estimated exports and corn used for ethanol for 2018-19. Ethanol corn was lowered 25 million bushels. With use falling more than supply, ending stocks are up 9 million bushels. The season-average corn price received by producers is unchanged at $3.60 per bushel. Soybean production was projected at 3.6 billion bushels, down 47 million on a lower yield forecast of 47.9 bushels per acre. Soybean supplies were reduced 2 percent on lower production and beginning stocks. With soybean crush and exports unchanged, ending stocks were projected at 640 million bushels, down 115 million from last month. The U.S. season-average soybean price for 2019-20 was forecast at $8.50 per bushel, up 10 cents. The soybean meal price was projected at $305 per short ton, up $5.00. Changes for 2018-19 include higher U.S. soybean exports, higher crush, and lower ending stocks. Exports were increased 45 million bushels based on official trade data through July and indications from August export inspections, which were record high for the month. With crush raised 20 million bushels, ending stocks were projected at 1 billion bushels, down 65 million. Cotton estimates included lower beginning stocks, production, exports and consumption; while ending stocks were unchanged. Beginning stocks were reduced 400,000 bales, reflecting 2018-19 reported ending stocks. Production was lowered 654,000 bales to 21.9 million, largely due to a decline for the Southwest, while consumption was lowered 100,000 bales reflecting recent activity. Exports were projected 700,000 bales lower due to reduced U.S. output and a lower projected U.S. share of world trade. The 2019-20 average price for upland cotton was forecast at 58 cents per pound, down 2 cents from last month. Meanwhile, this week’s Crop Progress report shows 55 percent of U.S. corn was in the dented stage, as of the week ending Sept. 8, down from 84

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percent a year ago and 22 percent below the fiveyear average. Fifty-five percent was rated good to excellent, up from 58 percent the previous week but 13 percent below a year ago. Ninety-two percent of U.S. soybeans are setting pods, up from 86 percent the previous week, 8 percent behind a year ago, and 7 percent below the five-year average. Fifty-five percent are rated good to excellent, 13 percent behind a year ago. Fortythree percent of the cotton crop is rated good to excellent, up from 38 percent a year ago. n July U.S. fluid milk sales staged a small uptick — the first positive move since April 2018. USDA’s latest data shows 3.6 billion pounds of packaged fluid sales in July, up 0.2 percent from July, 2018. Conventional product sales totaled 3.4 billion pounds, down 0.1 percent from a year ago. Organic products, at 217 million pounds, were up 4.6 percent and represented a tad under 6 percent of total sales for the month. Whole milk sales totaled 1.3 billion pounds, up 3.6 percent from a year ago and made up 35 percent of total fluid sales in the month. Sales for the sevenmonth period totaled 8.7 billion pounds, up 1.2 percent from a year ago. Skim milk sales, at 265 million pounds, were down 8.1 percent and made up 7.3 percent of total milk sales for the month. Total packaged fluid milk sales, January through July, totaled 26.6 billion pounds, down 1.8 percent from a year ago. Conventional products year-to-date totaled 25.1 billion pounds, down 1.7 percent. Organic products, at 1.5 billion pounds, were down 3.3 percent and represented about 5.5 percent of total fluid milk sales for the period. n U.S. Dairy Export Council President and CEO Tom Vilsack has returned from a seven-day trip to China and Japan, saying he is “optimistic about the long-term health of U.S. dairy exports despite challenges caused by current trade disputes. With hard work and patience, we will continue to grow both volume and value for the U.S. dairy industry,” Vilsack wrote in a letter to members, sharing takeaways from his trip. “We are on the right track to compete to win.”  After meeting with U.S. dairy suppliers and customers in China, Vilsack said, “The reality of why

U.S. dairy exports to China have fallen 43 percent over one year was brought home. Exports have been hit by a one-two punch of retaliatory tariffs and the spread of African swine fever that has killed much of China’s pig population, reducing the need for feed that utilized U.S. dairy ingredients.”   “In that environment, the best we can do is look for ways to maintain the relationship in the hope that the trade dispute gets settled sooner rather than later,” Vilsack said, “recognizing we have no control over when or if that will happen.” n Cooperatives Working Together members accepted eight offers of export assistance this week to help capture sales of 1 million pounds of cheddar and Monterey Jack cheese. The product is going to customers in Asia and the Middle East through February 2020 and brings year-to-date totals to 41.2 million pounds of American-type and Swiss cheeses, 277,782 pounds of anhydrous milkfat, 4.2 million pounds of butter (82 percent milkfat), 4.3 million pounds of cream cheese and 37.8 million pounds of whole milk powder. The products are going to 26 countries and are the equivalent of 792.8 million pounds of milk on a milkfat basis. n In politics, the Environmental Protection Agency is repealing the controversial 2015 Waters of the United States (WOTUS) rule. The announcement drew praise from the National Milk Producers Federation which said the decision “eases regulatory burdens and aims to provide greater clarity for farmers in the future.” Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue also praised the EPA, stating, “Repealing the WOTUS rule is a major win for American agriculture. The extreme overreach from the past Administration had government taking the productivity of the land people had worked for years. Farmers and ranchers are exceptional stewards of the land, taking great care to preserve it for generations to come. President Trump is making good on his promise to reduce burdensome regulations to free our producers to do what they do best, feed, fuel, and clothe this nation and the world.” Lee Mielke is a syndicated columnist who resides in Everson, Wash. His weekly column is featured in newspapers across the country and he may be reached at v

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THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Recent rains should help fill out late soybeans Brandon Fast, Mountain Lake, Minn. – Sept. 13

Nancy Rys, Rock Creek, Minn. – Sept. 8

“Since Saturday we’ve gotten a little over three inches.” The Land spoke with Brandon Fast on Sept. 13 as he reported the rain was soaked right up and there was no severe weather along with it. “We really didn’t get any wind out of it — or hail.” Fast had corn that started showing signs of heat stress two weeks ago, so the rain was a welcomed sight. He hopes that the moisture will help put a little kernel weight on. The corn is full dent right now. The milk line is moving down. “We need a full month for everything to get a black layer.” Fast expects to be drying quite a bit of corn and has been looking at contracting some LP. The corn which suffered green snap is still struggling. “It looks pretty tough.” “This rain will really end up helping the beans. The pods are there, they’re just flat.” The crop could use some sun. The beans are finally starting to get some yellow to it. “We’re probably three to four weeks out yet (from harvest).” Fast will be getting some bins prepped along with working on the combine and semis. Next Thursday he’ll be hosting his seed and chemical customer appreciation event. The rain was needed and welcome on the Fast farm and so is the warmer temperatures forecasted for next week.

The Land caught up with Nancy Rys as she was on a Pioneer Plot tour in Cambridge, Minn. on Sept. 8. The plots — along with crops in the area — look good; they simply just need more time to mature. Rys’ corn is currently in the early dent stage. The soybeans are starting to turn and are looking good. Rys expects to be combining beans in three weeks. It will be a late harvest. “A lot of theme beans were planted in early June.” In the meantime, Rys will be working on getting machinery ready for harvest. She and her husband, Tom, will also be hosting a pre-harvest customer appreciation event for their seed customers. “It’s an event that we look forward to, our customers look forward to.” They host around 40 customers and Rys makes all of the food. While it’s a lot of work, it’s always a great time had by all.

From the Fields

John Haarstad, Rothsay, Minn. – Sept. 6 The Land caught up with John Haarstad on Sept. 6 as he was working with his brother on a base for a new grain bin for a neighbor. Taking a break from the project to talk, Haarstad was happy with how the soybeans are looking. White mold has been prevalent in the crop. So too are the cabbage loopers — though not enough to warrant spraying of the pest. The beans are starting to turn. Haarstad expects to be combining beans in about a month. Last weekend the corn was 90 percent dented. “I’m starting to see a little yellowing on the bottom leaves.” Overall the crop looks good. Haarstad was quick to point out that it still needs lot of sunshine. Last week was a great week of the weather. Unfortunately, the forecast calls for two-and-ahalf to three inches of rain next week. Haarstad will continue to get harvest equipment ready in the next few weeks. He will also do some tiling work for a neighbor along with getting a lot of shop work finished during the rainy next week. The temperature is expected to be in the 60s next week, but no frost talk yet. “That’s our biggest enemy.”

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“Stupid amount of rain.” That about sums up the amount of moisture that fell on the Bissen farm. The Land caught up with Dale Bissen on Sept. 13 as he reported between four to six inches of rain fell on Sept. 12. Three inches of rain fell earlier in the week as well. “The ground soaked that up. Definitely a benefit to the crop.” The corn is looking pretty good. Bissen’s crop got a couple of nice rains in August. Just like Bissen predicted, it always rains around silage time. He was hoping to start chopping silage this weekend, but it may be too wet yet to start until next week. The soybeans are two weeks behind and still pretty green. Bissen hopes all this rain will help fill the pods. The beans should start turning soon. While the crop is behind, there doesn’t seem to be a threat of frost anytime soon — giving the beans much-needed time to mature. The grapes are also behind. Bissen expects to start harvest in a week or so. He’s more than ready to get grape harvest going. “Get those darn grapes picked.” In the meantime, Bissen will be finishing up on some of the harvest equipment which needs to be field- ready. Two loads of feeder cattle arrived at the farm last week. They’ll be there until they’re sold in April. While harvest time hasn’t arrived yet, it seems that summer-like weather may be here for a little longer. That makes Bissen relieved for the time being.

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The current temperatures are on the cooler side with highs in the 60s, but Rys saw that the long range-forecast has the weather warming up to average for this time of year. “If we can just extend that time out, that’s all we can ask for.”

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PAGE 6B — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


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PAGE 8B — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


A good review for National Farm Safety Week September is a busy and favorite time of year for all of us in agriculture. Harvest is near, there’s a lot to be done in crisp fall weather, and most farm families are working through repeated long days and short nights. Sept. 15-21 is National Farm Safety and Health Week, and it’s a good time to review some of the most important safety issues facing swine producers. Swine farm safety equals special challenges Livestock farmers must address different types of farm safety issues beyond those of the modern crop producer. When working with swine, caretakers deal with an intelligent, gregarious being with a long memory. Calm treatment and regular positive interaction quickly establish the pigs’ good behavior habits. The various stages of swine production produce different kinds of safety issues. Working with live animals Handling piglets during post-farrowing health care can cause the sows to become agitated. If the pigs begin to squirm and make noise, the sow will respond to protect her young. Caretakers working with young pigs should keep a sorting panel close to block the sow from causing injury. With the exception of young piglets and nursery pigs, most of the animals on the hog farm outweigh the caretaker. Steel-toed footwear is a must. In both Pork Quality Assurance Plus (PQA+) and Transport Quality Assurance (TQA) certification education for producers, the number-one recommended animalhandling implement is a solid sorting panel. The panel ensures the safety of both caretaker and pig. Although many swine operations today conduct reproduction through artificial insemination, most still have a few boars on the farm for heat detection. A large sexually mature male animal on the farm should be moved and handled with caution and protection. Again, the solid sorting panel is the tool of choice when moving boars. Injections The Upper Midwest Agricultural Safety and Health Center (UMASH) statistics show that over 80 percent of farm workers and 73 percent of swine veterinarian have accidentally stuck themselves with a needle while giving injections to livestock. Most accidental needle stick injuries are minor, but secondary results could be skin infections, allergic reactions, or a wound which might need surgery. Vaccines are the most common product that animal handlers inject into themselves. In swine farrowing settings, hormone products used to induce labor in pigs carry a warning against exposure to or accidental injection by pregnant humans. In the pig barn, pregnant employees should not handle hormones. In addition to medical issues caused by rushed or thoughtless needle handling, mechanical problems




can occur. Bent needles should never be straightened and used needles should be disposed of in proper sharps containers. Appropriate lowcost sharps containers are empty plastic detergent or fabric softener bottles with SWINE & U the lid screwed on tightly. By Diane DeWitte Milk jugs are too flimsy for sharps containment and should not be used. Sharps should never be stored in glass containers. When the sharps container is full, it should be tightly capped, sealed with heavy tape, and labeled that it contains sharps. Different counties have differing methods that they recommend for sharps disposal. A call to the county environmental services department can provide information for producers’ sharps disposal. UMASH has been at the forefront of the needle stick injury issue by providing bilingual fact sheets and producing videos to help farmers teach their animal caretakers. Needle stick prevention posters and more are available to producers on the internet at UMASH has also just released a new sow handling video in English and Spanish. “Moving Sows: Be Safe and Smart” features University of Minnesota sow farm team members from the Southern Research and Outreach Center at Waseca, Minn.; and Cesar Corzo from the University of Minnesota’s College of Veterinary Medicine. The video can be found at and also in Spanish at UMASH focuses on Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, and North and South Dakota agriculture, so much of the work they do relates to swine and dairy employee safety and health. They provide train-thetrainer programs for rural firefighters and for immigrant farm employees. Their fact sheets and resource materials are available in both English and Spanish to assist farm employers in reaching all of their animal handlers. UMASH is closely affiliated with the University of Minnesota and can be found on the internet at Manure handling safety Now that it’s September, we will soon see plenty of semi-truck manure tankers on the road-side and tractors moving through the fields across our counties. As harvest progresses and the soil temperature decreases, pig farmers and commercial manure applicators will be working quickly to get hog manure applied and incorporated into the crop resi-

due in the fields. As drivers share the road with the large equipment needed to do this work, it’s important that attention is paid to what’s moving on the road and how fast. For drivers in farm country, this is also a time to be patient. The operator has limited speed capabilities and may not even know a driver is behind the equipment. Back in the barn, the manure handler has to be extra careful when pumping the pits. Methane, ammonia and hydrogen sulfide is released as the stored manure is agitated and pumped. They are naturally-occurring gases, but they pose serious safety risks and can quickly overcome a human or a pig. Producers should sure hog buildings are fully ventilated when moving manure from the pits beneath. Use of the STOP tag on barn doors will alert everyone that manure is being pumped. These STOP tags can be obtained by contacting the Minnesota Pork Board at (800) 537-7576 or U of M Extension swine educators Diane DeWitte at or Sarah Schieck at More information about safe manure handling can be found on the U of M Extension manure management website at under the “safety” heading. Pigs on the road National Pork Checkoff reports more than one million pigs are transported on U.S. roads daily. Minnesota’s contribution to that number is substantial, and the overwhelming majority get to their destination safely. Pig transport requires the driver to be alert and undistracted, to recognize his/her own symptoms of fatigue, and to know how to prevent or manage it. In preparation for a pig-hauling incident on the road, the Minnesota Pork Board and Minnesota’s Region 5 Emergency Management put seven emergency response trailers in strategic fire departments. The trailers contain equipment for handling and containing animals at an accident site, and include gates, chains, tarps and wire. Currently the livestock emergency response trailers are housed with fire departments at Adams, Buffalo Lake, Fairmont, Granite Falls, Pipestone, Sleepy Eye and Worthington. In the event of a livestock-hauling accident, responders can contact the nearest livestock emergency response host fire department. Department personnel will deliver a trailer to the site and assist with roadside training to get the animals contained. See SWINE & U, pg. 11B

THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”



Grain Outlook Corn forecast looking stronger

Cash Grain Markets

Grain Angles The buzz on farm family living costs

corn/change* soybeans/change* Stewartville $3.39 +.19 $8.14 +.33 Edgerton $3.71 +.13 $8.15 +.31 Jackson $3.73 +.04 $8.07 +.31 Janesville $3.57 +.01 $8.10 +.32 The following marketing analysis is for the week Cannon Falls $3.33 +.12 $8.01 +.22 ending Sept. 13. Sleepy Eye $3.41 +.04 $8.10 +.31 CORN — Corn, say thank you to the soybean mar- Average: $3.52 $8.10 ket for this week’s gains. Mexico has continued to bargain hunt for U.S. corn, but it’s deemed mostly Year Ago Average: $2.80 $7.07 routine business. The September World Agricultural Grain prices are effective cash close on Sept. 16. Supply and Demand Estimates report didn’t provide *Cash grain price change represents a two-week period. price positive numbers and the weather forecasts look decent until the end of the month. But thanks to better news from trade talks with China, and subsequent soybean business, corn captured spillover strength from soybeans to push higher for the week. There could be optimism that PHYLLIS NYSTROM Volatility has once again found its way back into U.S. ethanol will eventually benCHS Hedging Inc. the livestock futures markets as news of the relaxefit from better relations with St. Paul ation of the tariffs placed on agricultural goods have China. Technically, December been suspended for an undetermined amount of corn posted a weekly key reversal higher on the chart. With funds still carrying a time. This vaulted several hog contracts up their net short position in corn, this could lead to addi- daily limit in response to this news. Cattle futures tional upside potential. Weather may be a moot fac- appeared to follow along with tor through September with no frost currently in the that announcement, but not nearly as dramatic as the hogs. forecasts. This still leaves a large quesTraders may not be in total agreement with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s crop numbers on tion, as the cash trade and prodthe September WASDE report, but that’s what we uct trade in hogs failed to follow the futures action. It will now have to trade. depend on China stepping up and First, let’s review the 2018-19 balance sheet. actually purchasing agricultural Imports were reduced by 5 million, corn for ethanol JOE TEALE product from the United States dropped 50 million, exports were cut 40 million for an Broker to maintain this recent strength increase in ending stocks of 85 million bushels to Great Plains Commodity in the futures trade. 2.445 billion bushels. The average estimate was Afton, Minn. The cattle market has shown 2.399 billion bushels and last month we were at 2.181 billion bushels. The 85-million increase carried signs of wanting to end this latest down trend which has engulfed the market for over into the 2019-20 balance sheet.  several months. The boxed beef trade has picked up The 2019-20 corn yield was only dropped 1.3 bushin the past several weeks. This indicates better els per acre from 169.5 bu./acre to 168.2 bu./acre. The retail interest in beef which is assisting the better trade’s average guess was significantly lower at attitudes in the trade and is reflected in the recent 166.7 bu./acre. Planted and harvested acres were futures rally. The fact that the futures has also unchanged at 90 million and 82 million respectively. moved from a deep discount to cash to a more reaThe crop size fell 102 million bushels to 13.799 bilsonable discount shows the interest is in turn more lion bushels. This is down 621 million bushels from friendly. last year and vs. the average estimate of 13.557 bilApparently, there may seem to be a tight supply of lion bushels. The ethanol line was reduced 25 million bushels. Ending stocks rose 9 million bushels to choice beef as evidenced by the premium to the 2.190 billion bushels, but the average prediction was select which has been maintained for the past sevjust 1.936 billion bushels. Overall, the U.S. corn eral weeks. This still indicates the overall demand

Although challenging, having a conversation about the farm family living budget is important to your farm financials. It’s essential to understand what all filters into your operation’s budget. A study from the Illinois Farm Business Farm Management Association in 2017 showed the average family living expenses were $85,542. This equates to $7,128 per month – an increase of 3.7 percent over the previous year. So what makes up family living expenses? Family living expenses can include medical expenses and insurance, automobiles, school tuition, childcare, personal care, recreation, home mortgages, utility bills and more. Here is a ABBY DEPPERT Compeer Let’s take a closer look at mediFinancial Officer cal insurance. Insurance premiMorton, Ill. ums which carry high deductibles can cost a family as much as $50,000 annually. In many cases, having a spouse working off of the farm is crucial just for the health insurance benefits. It’s a way to save the farm budget the expense of coverage. Important to note, as farm owners age, life insurance premiums have been known to increase. According to a 2017 U.S. Department of Agriculture study, raising a child from infancy to age 18 will cost $13,000 annually per child on average, or $234,000 over those 18 years. Those costs include childcare, housing, food, clothing, health care and education. The amount of extracurricular activities children are involved in the United States is on the rise, along with the cost to participate. College tuition is also a contributing expense. According to the University of Illinois, on average, one year of tuition, room and board will cost approximately $32,000. Family living expenses can be divided into two categories: fixed and flexible. Fixed expenses include rent or mortgage payments, installment debts, insurance premiums and other billed payments which stay consistent the over time. The flexible expense category is the one where the individual has a bit more control. This category includes expenses like clothing, extracurricular activities, home furnishings, shopping expenses and travel. If reducing expenses seems to be a struggle, it may be time for another family member to enter the workforce to help increase income and to take some pressure off

See NYSTROM, pg. 10B

See DEPPERT, pg. 10B

Livestock Angles Hog market leaps with tariff news

See TEALE, pg. 11B

Information in the above columns is the writer’s opinion. It is no way guaranteed and should not be interpreted as buy/sell advice. Futures trading always involves a certain degree of risk.

PAGE 10B — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


News of soybean sales to China boosts price NYSTROM, from pg. 9B report didn’t provide the friendly news the trade would have liked to see. World corn ending stocks for 2019-20 were bearish at 306.3 million metric tons. The average trade estimate was 302.2 mmt and last month the number was 308 mmt. Argentina’s corn forecast for 2019-20 was unchanged at 50 mmt and Brazil’s was steady at 101 mmt. Weekly corn exports were disappointing at 19.6 million bushels. Weekly soybean exports were above expectations at 43.1 million bushels. Of concern for both commodities is the slow start we have on total commitments for 2019-20. We only have 283.1 million bushels of corn on the books vs. 597.3 million bushels last year. For soybeans, we have 349.4 million bushels committed vs. 622.6 million bushels last year. Weekly ethanol production was up 10,000 barrels per day to 1.023 million bpd. Ethanol stocks plunged 1.3 million barrels to 22.5 million barrels. Outlook: December corn jumped 13.25 cents this week to close at $3.68.75 per bushel. The July 2020 contract was 12.25 cents higher at $3.97 per bushel. Corn’s direction will heavily dependent on weather forecasts as the crop needs time and heat to finish. South American weather should gain in focus since it is on the dry side and corn planting is just beginning in the southern states of Parana in Brazil. Spillover support from any other sector would be welcome, as would additional fund short covering. However, without nearly constant friendly news, corn could be expected to chop around with the upside limited in the short term. SOYBEANS — The market was finally rewarded this week with fresh Chinese soybean business! Coincidentally, it overshadowed the September WASDE report released on the same day. November

MARKETING soybeans rallied 29 cents on Sept. 12 in response to chatter China was buying soybeans as a goodwill gesture ahead of the October trade talks in Washington. President Trump made statements that China would buy huge amounts of U.S. agricultural products. Going into the weekend, China said they would exempt U.S. soybeans and pork from new/additional tariffs. Rumors swirled that up to 5 mmt of soybeans would be exempt. The USDA confirmed Chinese buying with Sept. 13’s announcement of 204,000 metric tons (7.5 million bushels) sold to China for the 2019-20 marketing year. November soybeans managed to briefly trade through $9.00 per bushel for the first time since July 31, but were unable to settle above it for the week. For the week, November soybeans surged 41 cents higher to close at $8.98.75 per bushel and post a weekly key reversal higher. July 2020 soybeans followed with a 35.25 cent rally to close at $9.43 per bushel. The Sept. 12 WASDE report for last year’s 2018-19 crop showed an increase of 20 million on the crush and raised exports 45 million bushels. This cut ending stocks 65 million bushels to 1.005 billion bushels. This is still a sizeable carryout. The average estimate for ending stocks was 1.054 billion and compares to last month’s 1.07 billion bushels. On the 2019-20 balance sheet, planted and harvested acres were unchanged at 76.7 million and 75.9 million respectively. The yield at 47.9 bu./acre was a decline from last month of 0.6 bu./acre vs. the estimate for 47.2 bu./acre. Production was 3.633 billion bushels compared to 3.577 billion estimated and 3.68 billion bushels in August. On the usage side, the only change was a 2 million bushels increase in residual.

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Ending stocks dropped 115 million bushels to 640 million bushels (still the second-highest ever). This compares to the average guess of 665 million and last month’s 755 million bushel projection. World soybean carryout for 2019-20 came in at 112.4 mmt. The average trade forecast was 100.11 mmt and in August we were at 101.74 mmt. Brazil’s crop was forecast at 123 mmt and Argentina’s at 53 mmt, — both unchanged from last month. China’s 2019-20 imports were left unchanged at 85 mmt. Turning to South American weather, Brazilian farmers would like to see a rain as they tentatively begin to plant corn and soybeans. Argentina is also on the drier side. China this week approved the importation of Argentine meal for the first time ever. China doesn’t import much meal, preferring instead to import raw beans for their own crushing industry. Outlook: Traders had been waiting for months to finally see some tangible evidence of progress in trade talks with China. The market received some satisfaction, but is it enough and is the reaction sustainable? The crop report was very mildly friendly with a smaller-than-expected carryout number for 2019-20 of 640 million bushels. While that is down from this year’s 1 billion bushel ending stocks, it’s still a big number. Bulls need to be fed and that’s what we’ll be watching for. Whether the next meal comes from demand or weather, no one knows. Technically, November soybeans posted a weekly key reversal higher. This may prompt additional short covering from funds. With what we see currently, we could expect some follow-through to the upside in the short run. However, we need to keep seeing positive inputs. Nystrom’s Notes: Contract changes for the week ended Sept. 13: Chicago December wheat rallied 19.75 cents to settle at $4.83.5, Kansas City was 6.5 cents higher at $3.99.75, and Minneapolis wheat was 11.25 cents higher at $5.05.5 per bushel. Crude oil dropped $1.67 this week to $54.85, ULSD and RBOB each fell 2.25 cents, and natural gas gained 11.75 cents. v

Keeping farm, family expenditures separate key to budgeting DEPPERT, from pg. 9B of the farm. Evaluate each line item of your budget. Some family living expenditures such as taxes, fuel, insurance, meals and trips may come through as business expenses. Some other items, such as vehicles, office equipment, machinery and travel expense are at least partially tax deductible when used for personal and business use. These items are often recorded as business expenses when they’re for personal use. Take the time to prioritize your family expense budget in order to determine what the farm can support. Figure out where the money is being spent and define how each individual of the family impacts the

budget. It’s simple. If family living expenses are higher than the income, you will need to reduce expenses or increase income. If you need to reduce expenses, sit down with the entire family to figure out where savings can occur. Make a team effort in “tightening the belt.” One place to start is to compile a list of what expenses are nice to have, but not essential to the family. Another is to place the priorities on necessities over luxuries. These days, it’s getting easier and easier to shop online and pay for goods and services with the click of a button. Keeping farm business and family living expenditures separate is key to tracking where the spending budget is throughout the year. You may also

find it useful to start a family living expense savings account to save for times when things get tough. This will insure that money isn’t pulled from the farm unnecessarily. According to FBFM, over a 10 year time frame, the average living costs per acre averaged $98 per acre in 2008. In 2017 this increased to $109 per acre. If you compare this number to the 10-year average of net farm income per acre of $172, you determine that 63 percent of the net farm income is family living expense. Abby Deppert is a Financial Officer with Compeer Financial. For additional insights from Deppert and the Compeer team, visit v

THE LAND — SEPTEMBER 20/SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


There is time to make farm program choices for 2019, 2020 THIESSE, from pg. 2B Choice summary Following is an initial summary of the situations that may favor the PLC or ARC-CO program for the 2019 and 2020 crop years for corn, soybeans and wheat, based on current farm program analysis. Corn — A producer is likely to select the PLC program for corn in 2019 and 2020, if they think the final market year average price of corn will be below $3.70 per bushel. (Note: The market year average price has been $3.70/bu. or lower from 2014 to 2018.) The PLC program may be a good choice if producers have very high FSA program yields. (FSA yields can be updated for the 2020 crop year.) Also, if producers feel the final county average yields will be near or above the county benchmark yield and want price protection from $3.70 per bushel down to $2.20 per bushel. A producer is likely to select the ARC-CO program for corn in 2019 and 2020, if they think the final market year average corn price will be near $3.70 per bushel or above, with reduced yields. The ARCCO program may be a good choice for growers who are in a county with high benchmark yields, relative to their farm unit FSA program yields. The ARC-CO program could be a good fit for producers who feel the 2019 county average yield will be 10 percent or more below the benchmark yield; and are not as worried about price protection (ARC-CO is a revenue-based program). Soybeans — A producer is likely to select the PLC program for soybeans in 2019 and 2020, if they think the final market year average price of soybeans will be below $8.40 per bushel. (Note: The market year average price has been above $8.40/bu. from 2014 to 2018.) The PLC program may be a

good choice if producers have very high FSA program yields. (FSA yields can be updated for the 2020 crop year.) Also, if producers feel that the final county average yields will be near or above the county benchmark yield and want price protection from $8.40 per bushel down to $6.20 per bushel. A producer is likely to select the ARC-CO program for soybeans in 2019 and 2020, if they think the final market year average soybean price will be near $8.40 per bushel or above, with lower yields. The ARC-CO program could be a good fit for producers who are in a county with high benchmark yields, relative to their farm unit FSA yields; and feel the final 2019 county average yield will be somewhat below the benchmark yield. Wheat — A producer is likely to select the PLC program for wheat in 2019 and 2020, if they think the final market year average price of wheat will be below $5.50 per bushel. (Note: The market year average price has been below $5.50/bu. from 2015 to 2018.) Producers may select the PLC program if they have very high FSA program yields. (FSA yields can be updated for the 2020 crop year.) The PLC program may be best for producers who feel the final county average yields will be near or above the county benchmark yield; and want price protection from $5.50 per bushel down to $3.38 per bushel. A producer is likely to select the ARC-CO program for wheat in 2019 and 2020, if they think the final market year average wheat price will be near $5.50 per bushel or above, with reduced yields. The ARCCO program could also be a good fit for growers who are in a county with high benchmark yields, relative to their farm unit FSA yields; or feel the final 2019 county average yield will be well below the bench-

Farm safety is year-round effort

mark yield. Summary Producers have several months to make their farm program choices for 2019 and 2020. There will likely be several farm program informational meetings later this fall and early winter; as well as many farm program decision resources available to assist farmers in the coming months. Farm program scenarios may change slightly in future months when we have a better handle on final 2019 crop yields — as well as market year average price estimates for the 2019 and 2020 marketing years. There is likely to be a wide variation from crop-to-crop and countyto-county. Producers should take time between now and early 2020 to analyze the farm program choices for the 2019 and 2020 crop years. Kent Thiesse is a government farm programs analyst and a vice president at MinnStar Bank in Lake Crystal, Minn. He may be reached at (507) 726-2137 or v


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SWINE & U, from pg. 8B

caretakers prevents loss or injury of humans and pigs! Safety first — all year long Diane DeWitte is an Extension Educator specializSeptember is the time when we see more farm ing in swine for the University of Minnesota machinery traffic on the road and in the field, but Extension. Her e-mail address is safety is on farmers’ minds year-round. Knowing v how to work safely with swine, machinery and other

Hog market optimistic for trade TEALE, from pg. 9B for beef will determine the next phase of the cattle market as we move into the autumn months. The hog market, from the futures market point of view, is trying to indicate that the possibility of a low is in the offing at the present time. This halt in the tariffs by the United States to China has sparked considerable optimism in the recent future trade. The next step will be to see if the Chinese take advantage of this offer and actually start to procure pork prod-

ucts from the United States. If so, the cash market should turn the corner and see prices react in a positive way. This will leave the hog market in an almost suspended mood with futures vulnerable from the recent strong reaction in higher prices. Pork cutouts have been under pressure for quite some time as well, as the cash trade has nosedived in past weeks. To turn the corner, demand will be the key to the market in the weeks ahead and shape the direction of prices into the fall months. v

PAGE 12B — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Students learn farm safety at Farmamerica outing Fifth graders learned how to be safe around common farm equipment during the Waseca County Farm Bureau’s 22nd annual Farm and Home Safety Day which took place on Sept. 10 at Farmamerica near Waseca, Minn. Andy Jewison of Kibble Equipment (right) in Owatonna, Minn. talks about power takeoff safety.

A helicopter from North Memorial Medical Center flies over a farm safety demonstration Sept. 10 at Farmamerica.

Photos by Pat Christman

Emergency workers carry a student acting as an accident victim to a waiting ambulance while demonstrating the response to a farm accident during Farm and Home Safety Day. The annual event teaches farm safety techniques to fifth graders from the area.

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Profile for The Land

THE LAND ~ September 20, 2019 ~ Southern Edition  

"Since 1976, Where Farm and Family Meet"

THE LAND ~ September 20, 2019 ~ Southern Edition  

"Since 1976, Where Farm and Family Meet"

Profile for theland