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Ketelsen tells of ag’s up and downs P.O. Box 3169 418 South Second St. Mankato, MN 56002 (800) 657-4665 Vol. XXXVIII ❖ No. 2 28 pages, 1 section plus supplements

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COLUMNS Opinion Life on the Farm: Reader’s Photos Farm and Food File Calendar of Events In The Garden The Back Porch Cooking With Kristin Marketing Farm Programs Mielke Market Weekly Auctions/Classifieds Advertiser Listing Back Roads

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interviewed many. But as you well know With a farm radio pedigree dating back Dick, even as an ag writer for The Land, to 1975, Lynn Ketelsen’s broadcast backrelationships are what make this work so ground has touched every base you can rewarding. And that’s what makes it fun imagine — even a few touches in other too.” countries around the world. So what’s his take on the world of agriculture these So what’s Lynn’s take on today’s agridays? culture? I had a few minutes with Lynn just “We’re in tough times, and have been before he started the Jan. 9 Ag Outlook for the last 4-5 years. I think we’re due LAND MINDS meeting at Willmar, Minn. And when for better times. I think these trade Ketelsen puts on an event, farmers agreements will get done, even with By Dick Hagen attend. Standing room only for the 240 China and that is the big one. at this show. And why not? Headliners “But the challenge is this: farmers included John Baize, long-time spokesare smart. They pick up fast on new man for the International Soybean ideas, new products, and simply better ways to do Association plus Al Kluis, popular commodities brothings. You’ve seen this too, Dick. When you were ker since 1976. But for now, let’s talk with Lynn: with Trojan Seed and I started in Willmar, you guys Lynn’s an eastern Iowa product. were my first seed industry clients. I remember you And even though the University of were talking about this new hybrid (that would Iowa was virtually a next door have been TXS 102). And you were telling our farm neighbor, Lynn was smart enough listeners this hybrid would grow 125 bushels per to travel west … all the way to acre! Today, corn farmers don’t even work up a Iowa State University in Ames. An sweat hitting 200 bushels and better! Iowa State journalism graduate, “Yes, the reality is that farmers have gotten so Lynn initiated his unique ‘farm good they’re producing more than the market can broadcast’ voice at southern Iowa’s handle. That’s bogging things down. But we always KMA in Shenandoah. But two Lynn Ketelsen get through these cycles. We did in the 80s. Just a years later he made the big move weather calamity in some other part of the corn belt — 250 miles north into “Viking County” and the and we could have a good run again. I’m optimistic. incredible agricultural diversity of Minnesota at I think even within the next couple years we’ll see KWLM in Willmar. this thing turn around.” Very likely, Minnesota’s beautiful lakes were also There you are. Lynn believes in the cycles of propart of the attraction for Lynn and wife Mary. Plus, duction agriculture. After five years of downhill it was a new adventure because nobody in farm radio was doing daily market reports on commodity travel, Lynn simply says it’s time to enjoy climbing the hill again! futures in Chicago, Kansas City, and even Minneapolis. “So in my young career I thought it So this question: Are we pumping too much techwas time farm radio also included daily markets. nology into agriculture too rapidly? That’s what I got going and just like that, farmers Lynn responded, “You can’t put the brakes on were telling me this was a new dimension for farm technology. We have a growing world population … radio and they liked it.” around 7.7 billion people today. Technology is what Ketelsen is now 43 years in farm broadcasting. I drives agriculture even more today than 30 years asked, “How do you like being the Dean of Farm ago. Everybody wants to grow more, do better, be Broadcasting?” Always the modest guy, Lynn more efficient. Have we gotten too big with some of responded, “I may be old enough but nobody calls this farm equipment? I think so, but farmers have me the Dean. However, it’s a special pleasure to pride and ambition. They want to keep getting betknow so many people in this amazing industry of ter and make their work perhaps a bit easier too. agriculture. “I chuckle with I jump into their combine cab and “Even today here at Willmar, many of these famcomment, ‘Wow, you’ve got a lot of stuff in here.’ And ers and farm wives I’ve met before — perhaps even See LAND MINDS, pg. 4



9 — Young farmers face many obstacles in getting started 10 — Dairy’s Margin Protection Program and Dairy Margin Coverage

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PAGE 4 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Life on the Farm: Readers’ Photos Damia Siebenahler said she loves reading The Land and sent these photos taken at her father’s Lake Crystal, Minn. farm.

E-mail your Life on the Farm photos to Tyler resident and The Land Correspondent Richard Siemers sent this shapshot of frosty round bales against a beautiful backdrop.

Ketelsen seeing more young farmers LAND MINDS, from pg. 2 my farmer says, ‘Yep, sure do. I’m not certain how it all works, but it sure makes farming easier.’ I’m told there’s more technology in today’s new tractors than there was in the space ship we sent to the moon.” So Lynn, what’s your word for young people who want to get into farming? He commented, “I pay lots of attention to the ages of farmers coming to our events. I’m seeing more younger guys than I did just a few years ago. Granted, many are part of a family operation. These are extremely sharp young guys. They know what’s going on. Many got going when things were really good … back 8-10 years ago. Today, things aren’t so good. However, the lessons they’re learning now are invaluable. They’ve seen the best … now they’ve got to struggle through these not-so-good times. But you and I have seen these cycles over the past 40 years and likely will see more.” However, this reality: suicides are increasing amongst our farm audience. What’s your message for these folks thinking about giving up on life? Lynn paused a moment, “It’s really unfortunate but at the end of each day realize that nothing is better than living. Even if you have troubles with the farm, always there are alternatives. If it means quit the farm, so be it. When you are doing what you were created to do, you feel terrific. Just

remember each day when you arise: You don’t have tomorrow. All you have is today!” I wrapped up my interview with this easy question: What’s the one bright star still shining? His wise response, “Just remember, if there are no downs, there’s not going to be any ups!” And this inevitable closing question: Lynn, it’s now 2019. Will you still be doing farm radio five years from now? His instant response, “I certainly hope so. This is a fun business and I’m working with the best people in America!” After launching the Linder Farm Network in Willmar with four other stations owned by Linder, his network now includes 25 stations. Lynn built a new station at Blooming Prairie and later purchased Waseca stations. He later moved his broadcast headquarters to Owatonna plus he does TV specials for KEYC, Mankato, and nationally on RFD-TV; also This Week in Agri Business. The Linder Farm Network includes Olivia, Willmar, Montevideo, Marshall, Pipestone, Slayton, Jackson, Fairmont, Waseca, Owatonna, Rochester, Glencoe, Sauk Rapids, Alexandria, Wadena, Winona, Red Wing, Wabasha, Tracy, Mankato and St. James. Dick Hagen is staff writer of The Land. He may be reached at v

THE LAND — JANUARY 25/FEBRUARY 1, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Shutdown? Not on the dairy farm of my youth There was no “shutdown” the gap. (not in the U.S. government My mother complained sense, anyway) on the more than my father about southern Illinois dairy farm any hired man’s abrupt of my youth. departure. Dad, rarely riled, Come to think of it, there saw their sneaking off as was never a showdown, just the way things were on hoedown, lockdown or a 1960’s farm in southern shakedown either. There FARM & FOOD FILE Illinois. The men, after all, were, however, machinery had been hired for their By Alan Guebert breakdowns, endless sunmuscles, not their manners. downs and, every now He was right. Most had and then, a letdown. few skills, little formal But shutdowns? Not education, and no one — not even a “partial” one. “career” plans. Every day they moved like they already knew that the rest of In fact, if anyone on that 100-cow, their lives would be like last week or 720-acre farm ever had a fleeting notion not to work or, worse, to strike, last year — too much work and too little money. As such, I don’t remember the thought remained a thought. Indeed, if an employee had had his fill any of them in a hurry to get to tomorrow’s yesterday. of six-days-a-week, 11-hours-a-day labor without one coffee break or a Most of my mother’s frustration and single “team” meeting,” he simply dis- resentment over their leaving also appeared into the night. rested on the past. She knew that their dark-of-the-night departure And I mean disappeared. When a meant that she would be expected to worker moved on, he moved on without a hint, word or squealing tire. One clean the farm-supplied house the hired man and his family had just left. afternoon they were working in the hay field; the next morning they were More importantly, since all the as gone as yesterday. departures were by car, she also knew the big tired houses would be sprinMy father, the farm’s manager, was always the first to get the news, and it kled with everything that didn’t fit in the getaway Fords, Chevys and always came around 5:30 a.m. — the Plymouths. Most times that included time when Bob or Monroe or Charlie used cookware and unwashed dishes, or Bill (all farmhands who simply piles of worn out dirty clothes, and drove out of our lives during my broken-down sofas, lumpy mattresses youth) failed to show up at the dairy and wobbly kitchen chairs. parlor to help him milk. My brothers, mother and I got the news shortly My brothers, sister and I were usuthereafter because Dad would return ally part of the cleanup crew. Like our to the house and grab one of us to fill mother, we hated the work because it


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often meant spending our holiday school breaks picking up the mostly worthless, often broken remnants of some family’s life in a lifeless, cold house. And it often was a holiday because, once a hired man made the decision to leave, he left the night of the payday immediately before the next big holiday. Bob H., for example, left the Saturday night before Easter in the early 1960s. Charlie G. left a few days before a mid-1960s Christmas. Bill H. loaded up his long Ford Galaxy the night before Thanksgiving 1968 — or was it ’69? He turned the key and was never seen or heard from again. That’s just the way it was. A slow-

moving river of hardworking, mostly good-natured men and their families drifted from farm to farm on their way to somewhere other than the nowhere they had been. Sometimes our farm became that somewhere. Soon enough, though, it always turned into nowhere again and when it did, they packed their cars and drove away into the darkness that was their unknown future. But they, like us, kept going. That may have been their best skill. They never shut down. The Farm and Food File is published weekly through the United States and Canada. Past columns, events and contact information are posted at www. v


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PAGE 6 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Coping with life, four corners and the 1,000-piece puzzle Monday was tough. A friend called it can help you too. about her young daughter. Just when 1. See the big picture. To piece they thought they had turned a corner in together a puzzle, we must see the picher therapy, there was a disappointing ture on the cover of the box. It’s critical to setback. Then another friend called about see how the little pieces fit into someher family. They were hurting and coping thing bigger. with an unimaginable situation. Minutes How much more so in life? But I can get later, my cell rang again. This friend was stuck in the weeds. Snagged in the insigready to throw in the towel at work. It nificant. THE BACK PORCH was too hard, too messy. She wondered if it was worth the battle. When one of my best friends experiBy Lenae Bulthuis enced a horrendous storm (by no fault of And I was having my own terrible, horher own) she coined the term “small deal” rible, no good, very bad day. I was facing multiple to help her keep perspective. In light of all she lost, deadlines in a narrow timeframe. And what I lacked slow traffic is now a small deal, spilled milk is a even more than time was words. A wordy girl with small deal, as is standing behind people in the no words? A stellar day for my husband Mike, not express line who have more than 10 items in their so much for me and the blank screen. cart. And from this big-picture perspective, she disHave you ever had a day or a season when it feels covered most things in life are just that — a small like everything is falling to pieces? deal. Disappointments, disease, disputes, and a string of 2. Not all the pieces belong in your box. By damp, dreary days can take a toll. Life can feel like the eve of the tough Monday, I was crushed by the a 1,000-piece puzzle scattered throughout the room weight of everything shared. And as I sorted by a zealous toddler. Pieces are chewed on, tucked through the darkness, I realized there were handbetween couch cushions, and hidden where dust fuls of pieces that weren’t part of my puzzle. bunnies gather. And you look at the mess and wonder if this is a Humpty Dumpty situation. Too much Have you ever taken on other people’s problems as to put together again. if they were your own? Same here. So I picked up my responsibilities and released what I could not And as I’ve sat with the scattered puzzle pieces change nor was never meant to be mine. from that Monday months ago, four things have brought me through. Like the four corner pieces of a 3. Connecting matters. And though we’re not to puzzle, it’s held everything together for me. Maybe take on other people’s problems as if they belong to

us, we need each other. Puzzle pieces are not designed for solitude. Nor are people. Over the years I’ve had more than one piece of luggage drop unto the baggage carousel orangetagged: “HEAVY — Get Help to Lift.” Here’s the thing. Life’s burdens are heavier still. But when we connect, prop each other up, and cheer each other on, we give one another the strength and hope to make it through. Like T.A. Webb wrote, “A burden shared is a burden halved.” 4. Look to the Creator. There are a number of ways to gather what’s been scattered and to fix what is broken. There’s trial and error, phone a friend, time and effort, and Google. And if you’ve run out of all viable options, there’s this thing called an instruction manual. Which may sound like crazy talk. But if you really wanted something fixed, no one would have greater know-how and expertise than the one who made it. The one who painted the picture and created the puzzle. And of the four corner pieces this brings the most peace to me. God, the Creator of all things, knows how life works best. So I bring Him the scattered pieces and ask Him to do what only He can do. Whether in this life or the next, it’s never too much to put together again. Lenae Bulthuis muses about faith, family, and farming from her back porch on her Minnesota grain and livestock farm. She can be reached at or @LenaeBulthuis. v

Letter: Look at what China is doing to our country To the Editor, This letter is in response to Alan Guebert’s column in the Nov. 16 issue of The Land. Alan better take the blinders off and look and see what China is doing to our country. When President Nixon opened up trade to China, it was a third world country. Now it is trying to bury the U.S. We gave them special concessions then, but basically have not changed them. Their companies buy a majority into our companies or buy them out completely. These companies are said to be privately owned, but only 48 percent. The government owns the other 52 percent. This is what they do when

they buy into our country’s businesses. If they can’t buy a company, the do knock-offs and sell them here and world-wide for less. Does Alan know that no aspirin are made in the U.S.? Over 70 percent of our drugs are made in China — if not the whole medicine, the main ingredients are — with no oversight from our FDA. They own the largest pork processor in the world. They have the process to make a blood thickener for battlefield casualties. We are at their mercy if we need this medicine. My grandson works for a business that makes ATV add-ons. He had a good business. Now the Chinese have made the knock-offs and are selling them cheap. He has lost a lot of his market. They have copied our ships and planes for the military. We do the design and building of them. They then modify them so that they can go faster or handle better in combat. Otherwise, looking at a picture of their military hardware, a lot of it looks like ours. They make things cheap and our people buy. They don’t realize what quality is. As one businessman told me, I love the cheap Chinese items. I buy them cheap and get a good price when I sell them. I’m get-


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ting rich. I don’t care if it is junk as long as the people buy them and I’m getting rich. I don’t care what it does to my country. China needs our pork as they have African swine fever decimating their pig population. They also need our soybeans as our beans are better suited for some of their food ingredients as the South American beans aren’t as good. The Chinese are going around our tariffs by having a third country buy them and then when they get on a ship it goes to China instead of the purchasing country. They want to take over as a world leader and will try everything to do it. We didn’t learn, pre-WWII, by selling all of our scrap iron and letting Japanese army and naval officers attend our colleges. I don’t know if we are still doing it, but a few years back we were doing the same thing with the Chinese military. Milfred Smith Darwin, Minn.

Send your letters to: Editor, The Land P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002 e-mail:

All letters must be signed and accompanied by a phone number (not for publication) to verify authenticity.

THE LAND — JANUARY 25/FEBRUARY 1, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Make a resolution to try these tasty salads in 2019 2 teaspoons lime juice ‘Tis the season to get on the scale and 1 teaspoon fresh cilantro see how much damage was done celebrat1/4 cup mayo ing Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Years 1/4 cup plain Greek yogurt and every day in between. I knew I needed to get back on track when I realized that Mix all ingredients in a large bowl. Cover and the only salad I had eaten in days was refrigerate for at least 20 to 30 minutes to let all Snickers Salad. (Spoiler alert: Snickers those flavors blend together. Salad has lots of Snickers in it, some n apples and plenty of whipped cream. COOKING There’s no actual salad involved in the A little known fact: Caesar salad was not created WITH KRISTIN whole dish.) in Italy. Rather, it was the idea of a chef in a restaurant in Tijuana, Mexico. I for one am grateful to that By Kristin Kveno I’m ready to bid adieu to Snickers chef as a good Caesar salad is one of my favorite Salad, Cookie Salad and any other salad meals — especially if there’s some delicious shrimp on top. This that doesn’t have veggies in it until next holiday health-conscious recipe incorporates lemon garlic shrimp and season. I found these salad recipes that are tasty, simple and delicious. Give them a try if you need to creates a taste sensation that can’t be beat. incorporate more vegetables in your life! Lemon Garlic Shrimp Caesar Salad love a good taco salad. This version is light and healthy. If salad/#wprm-recipe-container-40488 you’re in the mood for a little salad fiesta this recipe is for you! 1/4 cup cubed ciabatta or sourdough (or store-bought croutons) Skinny Taco Salad 1 pound large raw shrimp, peeled and deveined, tails intact juice of 1/2 a large lemon  1 head Romaine lettuce, washed and roughly chopped 1 tablespoon minced garlic  1 avocado, peeled, pitted and diced pinch of salt  2 cups cherry or grape tomatoes, halved (if desired) cracked pepper, to taste  2 cups fresh cilantro leaves, loosely packed 1/4 cup diced bacon  1 cup shredded sharp cheddar cheese  1 egg, soft boiled (or poached)  1 cup tortilla strips 4 cups Romaine lettuce, leaves washed, dried  1 can black beans, rinsed and drained 1/2 an avocado, sliced  1 can whole kernel corn, drained 1/4 cup shaved parmesan cheese  1 can black olives, drained 1/4 cup plain, non-fat Greek yogurt  half of a small red onion, thinly sliced 1 tablespoon mayonnaise (reduced fat)  1/2 tablespoon olive oil  dressing: 1 garlic clove, crushed (or 1 teaspoon minced garlic)  1 cup fresh cilantro, loosely packed 1 anchovy fillet, finely chopped or minced  1/4 cup orange juice 1 tablespoon lemon juice  3 tablespoons lime juice 1-1/2 tablespoons freshly grated parmesan cheese  1 tablespoon honey (optional sweetener) salt and pepper for seasoning  1/4 teaspoon ground cumin 1/8 teaspoon salt Preheat the oven to grill/broil settings on medium to high heat. 1/8 teaspoon freshly-ground black pepper Place the cubed bread onto an oven tray; drizzle with olive oil (or 2 tablespoons olive oil spray with cooking oil spray) and bake in the oven at 350 degrees (on middle shelf) until crispy. Alternatively, use store Add cilantro, orange juice, lime juice, honey, cumin, salt and pepper to a food processor or blender and pulse until combined. bought croutons. Combine the shrimp in a shallow bowl with the lemon juice, garlic, salt and pepper. Allow to marinade for 10 Gradually stream in the olive oil while pulsing until combined. minutes or so while preparing your other ingredients. Heat a grill Toss all salad ingredients together until combined, or serve pan (or skillet or non-stick pan) with a light drizzle of olive oil; fry “rainbow-style” lined up on top of the lettuce. Drizzle and toss the bacon until golden and crispy. Transfer to a warm plate; set with honey lime vinaigrette and serve. aside. Drain some of the bacon fat from the pan, leaving about 1 n teaspoon in the pan for the shrimp. Fry the shrimp for 2 to 3 Chicken salad is delicious but can be laden with plenty of calo- minutes each side (be careful not to over-cook or they will get rubbery!) Set aside. ries. This recipe uses avocado, Greek yogurt and mayonnaise. The combination is absolutely delicious and nutritious. This is the To make the Caesar Dressing: combine the yogurt, mayo, oil, only way my family makes chicken salad now. Put this salad in a garlic, anchovies, lemon juice and parmesan in a magic bullet lettuce wrap for an easy meal with fewer calories. blender, small blender or a small food processor. Blend until well combined; add salt and pepper to your tastes, and blend again Healthy Avocado Chicken Salad until smooth. Taste test. Assemble Salad: Combine the lettuce with the shrimp and bacon; avocado slices; shaved parmesan cheese; and croutons. 2 cups shredded chicken Pour over the dressing; mix well to combine. Slice the egg and 1 avocado arrange on top. 1/2 teaspoon garlic powder 1/2 teaspoon salt n 1/2 teaspoon pepper

There’s nothing better than a good Cobb salad — the chicken, blue cheese, avocado and BACON! While it may taste great, there’s nothing great about all those calories. This recipe keeps all the flavor and loses a lot of the calories resulting in a salad that everyone will be raving about. Cobb Salad 3 tablespoons white-wine vinegar 2 tablespoons finely minced shallot  1 tablespoon Dijon mustard  1 teaspoon freshly ground pepper  1/4 teaspoon salt  3 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil  10 cups mixed salad greens  8 ounces shredded cooked chicken breast  2 large eggs, hard-boiled, peeled and chopped  2 medium tomatoes, diced  1 large cucumber, seeded and sliced  1 avocado, diced  2 slices cooked bacon, crumbled  1/2 cup crumbled blue cheese, (optional)  Whisk vinegar, shallot, mustard, pepper and salt in a small bowl to combine. Whisk in oil until combined. Place salad greens in a large bowl. Add half of the dressing and toss to coat. Divide the greens among four plates. Arrange equal portions of chicken, egg, tomatoes, cucumber, avocado, bacon and blue cheese (if using) on top of the lettuce. Drizzle the salads with the remaining dressing. If you’re in need of less Snickers Salad and more actual salads, then give these lighter but still awesome, salads a try! Do you have a recipe you want to share? You can reach Kristin at v

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PAGE 8 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


People, not product will influence agriculture’s future By DICK HAGEN The Land Staff Writer OLIVIA, Minn. — One of the genuine success stories in American agriculture is Hefty Seed Company, originating 20 years ago from their own farming operation a few miles south of the thriving city of Baltic, S.D. Brian Hefty The Hefty crew invited Olivia, Minn. area farmers for a ‘sit down’ buffet at Max’s Grill on Jan. 7 for an update on what’s new with Hefty Seeds. The spokesperson at the event was Brian Hefty, elder brother of Darrin. The two young men have convincably proven customized service is indeed the preference of today’s farm audience. Brian gave me a few minutes to satisfy my curiousity. The Land: How big is Hefty Seeds today and how big might you eventually be? Hefty: We’re at 45 stores in 12 states today. Eventually? I don’t know, but I will say this: It seems many in this corporate agriculture world have a grand plan of being so big by such a date. We’re just trying to provide good value to farmers. We don’t need to expand, but we know there is a lot of opportunity out there. Farmers are becoming more particular about the products and services they need — especially in today’s cost/price squeeze. The Land: With 45 stores there inevitably are differences in the results from one store to another. Why? Hefty: Almost always the same reason and that is the people. Other companies frequently ask me, ‘What are the limiting factors in your business?’ I simply say there’s only one limiting factor and that is the people we have. We’re fortunate. We have great people. It somewhat reminds me of the 1980s when I was in school — the same school my kids (Brian has three) attend today. Back then, a lot of the kids were farm kids. I was lucky. My dad didn’t tell me I couldn’t come back to the farm. But a lot of dads back then were telling their kids, ‘You can do anything you want except come back to the farm.’ So very likely a lot of talented young people got kicked out of agriculture because their dads didn’t see a financial future for them. The Land: Thanks to all the bright, educated people in agriculture today, are we increasing production more rapidly than our markets can absorb? Hefty: Yes, you could debate that argument just a bit. But thanks to the entrepreneurial spirit of agriculture today, we keep finding new uses too. Just look at the change in demand today. Consider how much corn is being utilized today vs. 10 years ago and 20 years back? It keeps going up. It’s not just feed and ethanol today … it’s literally dozens of new uses. That’s the excitement of research scientists around the world. However, world population keeps increasing too. We’re at about 7.7 billion today. The projection is 8 billion by 2023. In America there are about

187,400 new births each day and only about 78,600 deaths per day. And what happens if we have a serious weather challenge like the drought year of 2012? Suddenly this surplus disappears and you might have $8 corn. But then what happens? We very quickly have priced ourselves out of the world market. The right supply at the right time, but there’s no formula for that kind of magic. The Land:Is farming now so expensive that young people simply cannot get started in farming? Hefty: It’s a huge challenge because of both equipment and land costs. Thinking back 25 years when I was a beginner, would I have been farming today without the help of my father? Probably not. There aren’t very many first-generation farmers out there today. It can be done, but you’d need some real passion. How do you develop that passion unless you’ve been working with someone already farming? Farmers aren’t getting younger. I’m told the average age today is now up to 59. That sends a message. A growing number of older farmers are looking for younger replacements. They’re also looking for help on the technology inputs of today’s farming.

What happens if we have a serious weather challenge like the drought year of 2012? Suddenly this surplus disappears and you might have $8 corn. But then what happens? We very quickly have priced ourselves out of the world market. — Brian Hefty The Land: Is there a shortage of technically trained young people for farming? Hefty: I think not. I feel the way a lot of people in business today also feel … there’s a lot of young people that just don’t want to work hard! Young people are smart today. So they can do the job, but it’s a question of are they willing to do the job? The Land: Is our primary education system at fault? Hefty: I’ve got three kids in school: seventh grade, ninth grade and twelveth grade. My wife is on our local school board. We’re very familiar with what’s going on in education and so much depends upon the parents. If they spend good time with the kids, these kids are often doing better in school. But I look at what kids are being taught these days. It’s considerably more advanced than when I was in school. Being a good student somewhat boils down to how hard are they willing to work. Yes, single-parent situations often complicate issues. Or with both mom and dad working, how can they find time to attend their children’s school functions? I recall my dad rarely came to my sporting events because he was simply too busy doing the farming. Yes, the challenge for teach-

ers and schools is to keep advancing their abilities too. The Land: Hefty Seeds seems a leader when it comes to seed treatments. How did this service come into being so rapidly? Hefty: Famers are willing to accept things that work, that help them make more yield, that might prevent issues during the growing season and improve their soils in the process. Farmers are very innovative and willing to try new things is what helps keep them going. Today, all of our seed comes with seed treatments. Most corn brands have three fungicides and one insecticide. We don’t stop there. We’re now up to 34 components on some of our seed corn. Just think about that … 34 different things on a seed plus the polymer to hold it on the seed. And going forward there will be even more. Our proprietary blend of fungicides, insecticides and biologicals means healthier plants and better yields. All the big companies are spending lots of money on biological these days. Healthier soils is the new thinking with farmers. And our seed treatments are part of that package. The Land: Do you see alternative crops such as hemp coming on in Midwest agriculture? Hefty: I don’t know what the future is going to bring, but change is inevitable. My dad was president of the South Dakota Soybean Growers Association in 1984. At that time, we had 400,000 acres of soybeans in the entire state. Today, South Dakota has over 5 million acres of soybeans. If you add up total acres of soybeans in both Dakotas last year, it would have been the number-one state in America for soybeans. So in just one generation of farming, we have seen a huge shift. Ahead? It just depends upon what the world needs. It could be industrial hemp; it could be something I’ve never heard of. For our 3,000 acre farm, I’d love to have four or five or six different crops. But on our farm today, corn and soybeans are what make the most money. And right now as a farmer, I need every dollar we can generate. The Land: Are trade disputes with China, our single biggest customer for U.S. farm products, inevitable? Hefty: I can give you one example and that is Enlist, a new trait for soybeans where we can spray Roundup, Liberty and 2,4-D over the top of the beans. It looks amazing. The genetics are great. We’ve been working with it for about five years. The chemistry is a new 2,4-D which is awesome compared to the old, and better than Dicamba. So I’m excited about Enlist — especially since the scientists in China have already said it’s a totally safe product. So what’s holding it up? Why hasn’t it gotten approved? Dow thought it was going to get approved four years ago. Apparently, China is trying to work us for a ‘better deal’ on everything else they buy from us. China sends a lot of their stuff into our country with no questions asked. Yet when we’re wanting to ship See HEFTY, pg. 13

THE LAND — JANUARY 25/FEBRUARY 1, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Kettner: Young farmers will need to be magicians By DICK HAGEN The Land staff writer MORTON, Minn. — “My son came home to farm about five years ago. He’s now 28. When he came home, soybeans were about $17 right out of the field. That was his first taste of farming and he thought it was pretty good. Right now he’s in the red. There’s no way he can make it unless we share machinery and expenses.” That statement comes courtesy of Roger Kettner, a Morton, Minn. area farmer and board member of Farmward Cooperative — one of Minnesota’s newer farm cooperatives — consolidating in 2017. Farmward conducted its first annual meeting on Dec. 19. It was at the meeting where I caught up with Kettner who talked about how young people get started in farming today. Kettner said, “I think we’ll be okay. But the reality today is that any young farmer trying to make it standing on his own two feet will have to be a magician. I don’t see how he can do it.” Might crop shares, once common 30 to 40 years ago, become a consideration? He related, “Sure, that might be possible. But you’ve got to realize land owners have gotten comfortable with cash rent these days. Getting them to switch to the uncertainties of crop share rentals wouldn’t be their thinking. I cash rent some of my farmland to my son. Yes, we likely will negotiate cash rents for 2019. “When you get into explaining your fertilizer costs, chemical costs, seed and machinery costs per acre, it seems cash rents are so much easier to relate to the actual costs of farming. But that doesn’t mean it’s relevant to our situation today. And therein lies the challenge!” Smart marketing, even in today’s tariff-oriented scenario, is still the first step in successful farming — regardless commodity pricing. Producing good yields is still major. Kettner said this is where Farmward Cooperative is a big help. He said their 2018 corn crop was virtually all forward-contracted and 90 percent of soybeans were contract priced. “We’re right on the wire of meeting our break-even pricing on corn. Soybeans were probably in the black at little bit.”

Comments made during the annual meeting by Farmward CEO and President Dave Stuk set the stage. “Farming will continue to evolve faster than ever before,” said Stuk. “From the advancement of data and information tools, to modern facilities and cuttingedge equipment, this evolution presents new opportunities for farmers. “But it also adds pressure and complexity. We’re here to guide our growers through this new landscape to help them reap the benefits technology brings while mitigating the challenges it poses. Side by side, advancing farming forward, we are Farmward Cooperative. Our foundation is to provide purpose, vision and strategy to be a leader in providing our customers the products and services they need to succeed today and in the future. “Yes, 2018 was a challenging year. But we see it more as a defining point in our company’s history — a year that made us more resilient and committed to being your cooperative for generations to come.” Sept. 1, 2018 marked year one as Farmward Cooperative. This, like most farm co-ops today, is a full-service cooperative providing all crop and livestock inputs, plus crop loan services. Farmward has 1,600 voting members today. As a Farmward board member, Kettner understands his cooperative bands together with other cooperatives and farm commodity groups for stronger and more effective farm bills. But like many, he has questions. “My biggest concern when voting on the farm bill is they have so much other garbage included. Seems we’re kind of forced into that because of the diverse population of the country and the fact that agriculture, we farmers, represent a smaller minority each year a new farm bill is introduced. “If they could just deal with the brass tacks of farming itself it would be good. But it seems more welfare issues become part of each new farm bill. Something like 80 percent of the total farm bill budget goes for these special welfare provisions. Yet we get attacked by the non-farm media and non-ag members of Congress as being selfish. They have no concept of the risks we take each year in planting our new crops without any guarantee of what weather events will be happening. There is no other industry in America

which plugs millions of dollars into the start of its next production campaign without any guarantee of final results”, summed up Kettner. He and his son farm 1,200 acres plus an Angus cow/calf herd with pasture land in the Minnesota River valley. They background the calves and sell as yearling feeders. Plus they raise sweet corn and alfalfa. “The cow/calf operation has been fairly steady for us. We don’t have a lot of input costs. We bought our pasture ground years ago.” Cost cutting strategies for the Kettners for 2019? Kettner said lowering seed costs by eliminating some certain traits is a starting point. But they’re not going the route of ‘conventional seed.’ “I’ve been farming about 40 years. We need certain traits. I remember when there were no traits. It’s no fun picking corn off the ground.

Today, the Co-op has excellent agronomists who keep us posted on whatever precautions to consider. “We had our share of weatherstressed corn this year,” Kettner went on to say. “Soybeans mostly came through okay, but dry-down time to get fields harvested without fighting the mud was a challenge. It was a tough year. Yet we’re grateful to be looking ahead of a better year in 2019. “Yes, we’re hearing about hemp as being a possible new crop alternative. But sounds to me like that crop needs some time to mature. For now, it looks like guys will be expanding corn acres and cutting back on soybeans. Sure, markets could change before we plant. But crop acres depend very much on your crop rotations. Keeping our soils healthy is getting talked more than ever before.” v

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PAGE 10 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


The Margin Protection Program and Dairy Margin Coverage ST. CLOUD, Minn. — After a lot of expressing general satisfaction with back and forth and conferencing, we the new farm bill and the programs it have a 2018 farm bill! Agricultural will provide. groups and parties on both sides are

Calendar of Events Visit to view our complete calendar and enter your own events, or send an e-mail with your event’s details to Feb. 4 — Cow/Calf Days Seminar Tour — Mora, Minn. — The program features information on production management, nutrition, efficiency and marketing. Trade show included. — Contact Eric Mousel at emmousel@ or (218) 513-0781 Feb. 5 — Cow/Calf Days Seminar Tour — Starbuck, Minn. — Contact Eric Mousel at or (218) 513-0781 Feb. 5 — Nitrogen: Minnesota’s Grand Challenge and Compelling Opportunity — Mankato, Minn. — Topics to be covered include nitrogen management when using manure, interactions between nitrogen management and soil health, and managing corn for both high yield and good environmental stewardship. — Contact Jeremy Geske at or (612) 756-1200 Feb. 5 — Farm Transition and Estate Planning Workshop — Winthrop, Minn. — Workshop will feature information on farm goal setting, family communications, business structures, mechanisms for inheritance and transition, estate taxes, and other basic concepts such as retirement planning. — Contact Megan Roberts at meganr@ or (507) 389-6722 Feb. 6 — Strategic Farming - Maximizing Return on Investment — Paynesville, Minn. — Key cost factors in crop budgets will be reviewed, along with tips to evaluate ag research and marketing claims. — Contact Liz Stahl at or (507) 3723900 Feb. 6 — Farmland Rental Workshop — Willmar, Minn. — This workshop will answer any questions you have about farmland rental rates in Minnesota. The workshop will go over historical rates for farmland in the area and the rental rates for pasture land and other

types of farmland. The presenters will help farmers, landlords, and professionals use data-driven decisions to determine a fair price for rental. There will also be time to ask any questions about farmland rental. — Contact David Bau at or (507) 360-0664 Feb. 8 — Cow/Calf Days Seminar Tour — Le Center, Minn. — Contact Eric Mousel at or (218) 513-0781 Feb. 9 — Sustainable Farming Association Annual Conference — St. Joseph, Minn. — Featuring over 20 educational topics including infrastructure hacks, deep winter greenhouses, soil health, marketing, solar energy, water quality, pollinators, climate change, farm financing, cover crops, children’s programming, afternoon social and trade show. — Contact Jason Walker at or (844) 922-5573 ext. 702 Feb. 10-13 — Society for Range Management Conference — Minneapolis, Minn. — Topics include principles of range management; grassland restoration; grazing strategies; invasive species; and trade show. — Contact Society for Range Management at or (785) 865-9456 Feb. 11 — U of M Winter Dairy Series - Manure Management — Le Center, Minn. — A discussion of when and how often to test manure, as well as teach about proper spreader calibration using a hands-on activity. — Contact Colleen Carlson at (952) 466-5300 Feb. 12 — Research and Outreach Center Update — Morris, Minn. — Program will share research results and recommendations with crop and livestock producers. Topics include farm income trends; weed, insect and disease management; drainage and runoff; cover crops. — Contact University of Minnesota ROC at (507) 752-7372

Comparison at-a-glance between Margin Protection Program and Dairy Margin Coverage Production history covered (in 5 percent increments Coverage levels (in 50-cent increments) Pounds of production history eligible for Tier 1 premiums

Margin Protection Program

Dairy Margin Coverage

25-90 percent

5-95 percent



4 million pounds

5 million pounds

Risk management options MPP or Livestock Gross Margin (not both)

Ability to enroll in both DMC and Livestock Gross Margin (Dairy RP also available)

Premium discounts None available

25 percent discount with 5-year enrollment

Coverage flexibility for No flexibility large operations

First 5 million pounds can be enrolled between $8.50-$9.50. Additional milk can be enrolled at $8.00 or below

A key change is to the 2014 farm bill’s Margin Protection Program, which is now called Dairy Margin Coverage, or DMC. You may recall that MPP went through some changes in early 2018 after the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, including new coverage levels for the first 5 million pounds of production, and reduced premiums on catastrophic coverage levels for larger producers. The revamped Dairy Margin Coverage includes those changes and more. First, the coverage options are expanded even more. Under the 2014 farm bill MPP, coverage was available from $4 to $8 in 50-cent increments. Under Dairy Margin Coverage, farmers can get coverage from $4 to $9.50 in 50-cent increments. The amount of coverage has also changed, from 25-90 percent in 5 percent increments to 5-95 percent in 5 percent increments. DMC will also keep the Bipartisan Budget Act change of Tier 1 prices being good on the first 5 million pounds of production, vs. the original 4 million pounds. These changes provide producers with a lot more flexibility in how they cover their milk. DMC does more than MPP to encourage risk management strategies. If farmers sign up for the program for five years, they will receive a 25 percent discount on their premiums. In addition, the restriction of having to choose between DMC and Livestock Gross Margin has been eliminated. Please note that the new Dairy Revenue Protection program is also available. With the Margin Protection Program,

there was no coverage flexibility for larger operations. With Dairy Margin Coverage, the first 5 million pounds can be enrolled at the $8.50, $9.00, or $9.50 level and milk in excess of 5 million pounds can be enrolled independent of that, at levels of $8.00 and below. Coverage above 5 million pounds, or Tier 2, is available at increased premiums. Continuing the trend from the early 2018 changes, premiums across the board are greatly reduced compared to the original MPP premiums. For example, $8.00 coverage is 10 cents per hundredweight under DMC vs. 47.5 cents per cwt. under the original MPP schedule. The $9.50 coverage level available on the first 5 million pounds of production history has a premium of 15 cents per cwt. There is the 25 percent discount for producers who enroll for five years. DMC has two final pieces which offer relief from the less-than-ideal Margin Protection Program. First, dairy operations that were prohibited from participating in MPP following the early 2018 changes due to enrollment in an LGM contract can retroactively enroll in coverage. Second, dairy operations have the opportunity to utilize 75 percent of the net premium paid for MPP from 2014‐2017 as a credit for future DMC premiums. Alternatively, operations can elect to receive 50 percent of net premium as a direct refund. This article was submitted by University of Minnesota Extension. v

THE LAND — JANUARY 25/FEBRUARY 1, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Little maintenance needed for gardens under glass Terrariums are perfect solutions for ‘black thumbed’ as well as ‘green thumbed’ gardeners because they offer lush greenery on a small scale and won’t drip water on floors or furniture. I made two terrariums recently and will be giving one to a friend who is in the IN THE GARDEN hospital. Terrariums remain fresh and beautiful and can By Sharon Quale be taken home and enjoyed long after the hospital stay. They are also great gifts for any occasion. A list of materials needed for making a terrarium include: A clear glass container, decorative river rock, horticulture charcoal, (charcoal sold for fish tanks works), coffee filter or sphagnum moss, potting soil and small plants. Containers need to be clear glass. I found two at a local thrift store for two dollars each. You can be creative and use a large brandy snifter or other apothecary-style jars. Lids are important for moisture loving plants, but you won’t need covers for cactus and other small succulents. If you want a large-scale terrarium, tropical fish tanks are perfect. Steps to assembling a terrarium: 1. Add a layer of one to two inches of tiny rock in the bottom. 2. Add a light layer of charcoal to act as a filter and prevent stagnation. 3. Add a barrier layer to keep the soil from sifting into the rocks. I used a coffee filter. 4. Add three to four inches of premoistened soil. (Make a funnel from light cardboard to direct the soil where you want it and keep it off the glass.) The last step is adding the plants. I find it is best to trim the root ball a bit to accommodate the shallower planting medium. Any number of plants can be used. A single African violet looks lovely as well as an assortment of small succulents. Don’t mix water loving varieties with plants liking a dry environment or you will end up with distressed or dead plants in a few weeks. Read the information labels on the plants to find what environment they like. Personalizing a terrarium with accent items is easy. I have small cat figurines in mine because I’m such a cat fancier. Larger pebbles, marbles and sea shells are attractive additions. Seasonal small figurines can be added such as Santas, valentine glass hearts or objects of interest to the recipient if it is a gift. Tiny embellishments are available in garden center sections that cater to fairy gardens. Add colored moss or small pebbles to the top surface to fin-

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Sharon Quale is a master gardener from central ish the miniature garden. Minnesota. She may be reached at (218) 738-6060 or Fertilizing is not necessary because the idea is to v keep the plants growth at a slow rate. Watering is only needed occasionally. Use a spray bottle and quit watering when the moisture accumulates on the bottom pebble layer. I make a device with q-tips taped to a wooden skewer to clean the glass sides of the terrarium. Finally, I quote an unnamed source who wrote these words in praise of terrariums: “Terrariums are pure magic, lighting up the faces of everyone who catches sight of these rare bits of natural beauty indoors. I have noticed that these mini secret gardens offer delight and calm to each home they Photos by Sharon Quale grace.” Terrariums can be large or small, simple or complex, and take on each gardener’s personality and taste.

PAGE 12 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Minnesota teen sixth at World Ploughing Championship By TIM KING you do your opening split which is The Land Correspondent two passes up and down the field. You make one furrow and then RICHMOND, Minn. —Sixteen you come back and make two furyear-old Hailey Gruber took sixth rows.” place in the 2018 World Series of Plowing. The event, which is offiTo prepare for the competition, cially called the World Ploughing Hailey spent countless hours Championship, took place in practicing. Hofgut Einsiedel, Germany on “Before the World competition Sept. 1 and 2. I’d practice three to four times a Sixty-some competitors from 30 week for about three hours each countries competed in the World night,” she said. Ploughing Organization’s 65th Then, in late July, Hailey put annual competition. Gruber, who her Case Farmall 55 tractor and was the youngest competitor and her Kvemeland competition plow one of only two women, came out in a 20-foot shipping container ahead of competitors from and sent it to Germany. Estonia, Kenya, Scotland, “It was there when we arrived,” Macedonia, and other countries in Hailey, who traveled with her her competitive category of confather, Gene, said. ventional plowing. Eamon Tracey, of the Republic of Ireland, was the Hailey and Gene arrived in World Champion of Conventional Germany two weeks before the Ploughing. competition. When she got to Hofgut Einsiedel, Hailey set to “There are two different kinds Photos submitted of competitive plowing: conven- Hailey Gruber guides her Case Farmall 55 tractor to make the perfect furrow at the 2018 World work practicing. She practiced her technique every day. tional and reversible,” Hailey Ploughing Championship which took place in Hofgut Einsidel, Germany last September. said. “With conventional plowing, “I didn’t know how well I’d do and then, at practice, everybody was so good I wasn’t sure about myself,” she said. On the first day of competition, competitors plow in stubble. On the second day, they plow in grass land. “To get a good score, you’re looking for the uniformity of the furrow so that the furrows on each side look the same,” she said.   “The competition starts about 9 o’clock and we get 20 minutes to do an opening split and everybody has to be done at 9:20,” Hailey said. “The judges get an hour to judge the opening splits and then we start up By TIM KING again at 10:20. We get two hours and forty minutes The Land Correspondent to do the rest of our plots. That includes the crown, The 2019 World Ploughing Championship will be general plowing, and a dead furrow.” held near Baudette, Minn., not far from the shores Hailey’s sixth place was sealed with 173 points — of Lake of the Woods, according to Anna Marie only half a point behind fifth-place Jarmo Itälehto of McHugh, general secretary of the World Plowing Organization. After visiting the Baudette area from Finland.  County Kildare in the Republic of Ireland, McHugh Hailey’s mentor is her dad, who was world chamsaid she thought that the Lake of the Woods site pion in 2017 when the World contest was held in (which was selected by the United States Plowing Kenya. In fact, she was inspired to become a comOrganization) was an excellent choice. petitor in the local, state, country and international “Once the World Ploughing Organization repre- competitions by Gene. sentatives visited the venue, we could quickly  “Hailey would watch me practice and practice and agree that Lake of the Woods was an ideal location then she asked me when she could start plowing,” for the world ploughing contest,” she said. “We met Gene said with pride. “That fall, when she was seven, with a number of representatives from local tourist she bought an old Ford tractor and plow and used boards and we met the head person from Lake of that for two years,” Gene said. “Then she outgrew it the Woods Tourism and Henry Gruber, the chief and we got her something better.” 255 16th Street South organizer for USA 2019.  Everyone was very effiIt wasn’t too surprising that a member of the St. James, MN 56081 See MINNESOTA, pg. 13 See GRUBER, pg. 13

2019 world championship takes place in Minnesota

THE LAND — JANUARY 25/FEBRUARY 1, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Gruber missed fifth-place finish in Germany by half a point GRUBER, from pg. 12 Gruber family started competitive plowing at an early age. Gene started when he was 14. “My dad was plowing competitively back in the ‘50s and ‘60’s,” he said. “Then my brothers, my sister and I all plowed. Hailley is the third generation of Grubers to plow.” Hailey and Gene, along with other family members, have always been involved in the local and state plowing organizations. Gene and Hailey have also been regular competitors in the national competition. In fact, to compete in the World Ploughing competition, you have to be one of two winners of the national competition, which is sponsored by the United States Plowing

Organization in Marion Iowa. In the early years of Gene’s competitive plowing, he didn’t own a competitive quality plow. He often did well in the nationals, but only middling in the World Ploughing Chmpionship. He plowed in Austria, Switzerland and the Republic of Ireland before he decided to get his own competitive plow and go for the gold. “My brother and I worked hard and we were getting closer and closer,” he said. “In 2010, I plowed in New Zealand and I broke the top Gene Gruber displays the hardware he won as the 2017 World ten. I took ninth place. That Conventional Ploughing champion in Kenya, Africa. was a big accomplishment for us. A couple of years later, I plowed in Alberta, Canada and broke the top five. Then I got fourth at the world competition in Denmark. In Kenya I won both days of the competition. That was the The World Plowing Organization was first time in the 64-year history of the founded in Workington, Cumberland, World Plowing Contest that the U.S. England in 1952. The aim of the orga- had won the gold.” nization is to preserve and improve agricultural techniques — especially plowing — and to “foster a vigorous spirit of co-operation and enterprise in producing food for an increasing world population.” The symbol of the World Plowing HEFTY, from pg. 8 Organization is the Cairn of Peace. some of our products to “Basically, the idea is that in the China, they come up with a World Ploughing Organization we all variety of reasons why that participate together in peace. We have can’t happen. At this stage I a common ground and we are brought don’t know what Trump together through our mutual love and might get done on foreign interest in the sport of ploughing and trade. But as a farmer and a the land,” McHugh said. “We have some U.S. citizen, I would love to very special ceremonies during the con- have a better deal with China in gentest programme including the unveil- eral. ing of the cairn of peace which has the Editor’s note: On Jan. 10 Chinese inscription, “let peace cultivate the officials announced approval of genetiland.” Around the cairn we place all the cally engineered crops. This clears the flags of the participating countries and way for Dow/DuPont Inc. to begin sellwe raise the flags at the opening cere- ing Enlist. mony — signaling the opening of the The Land: Is warmer world weather contest. And when the competition a threat to U.S. agriculture? ends, we take down the flags during a Hefty: Since we’ve already dealt ceremony as well.” with a couple of blizzards this winter, I The 2019 World Ploughing could use a little global warming. I’m Championship will take place Aug. 30 not a climatologist but I do know this: through Sept. 1. You can learn more by Where we farm we have a challenge visiting  lakeofthewoodsmn. because of colder weather. We can’t com or v raise two crops like they can down

60 competitors expected at 2019 plowing event MINNESOTA, from pg. 12 cient, capable and had a very comprehensive plan for the event.” McHugh said that she expects that a couple thousand spectators will attend the annual international event. The spectators will be in addition to 60 competitive plowing teams from around 30 different countries. The plowing teams require a flat stone-free field of approximately 150 acres for practice plowing and the actual competition. The site also must have a large adjacent area for competitors to park their tractors and assemble their tractors and plows. McHugh says that the competitive plows are generally Kverneland with a few Lemken. But each plow is unique. “If you look in detail at the individual plougher’s plough, each person has created a very unique machine — unique to them alone,” she said. “Every plougher has their own bit to add to plough. They mould it into the machine that they specifically wish to use.  Every single competition plough is different in some way as the competitor has done a huge amount of engineering to make it the best they can. Each plough in the world contest really would be priceless. If a competitor had to use a new replacement plough, it may take them a lifetime to create again what they lost in the old plough.”

Winning a plowing competition is exacting. Plowing a straight furrow is a numberone priority at the world contest. “We plow 330 feet and you’ll vary an inch left to right,” Gene says. “You may drive straight, but your plow may shift. You’re plowing perpendicular to the way the field was farmed, so it’s a little rough. That’s a challenge. You probably get off the tractor close to 100 times during competition to measure your width and depth and to make adjustments on the plow.” Gene says that he works on his plowing year-around. When he can, he’s on his tractor finetuning his technique. When the ground freezes, he’s in his shop working on the equipment. Both he and Hailey agree that it’s all fun, not work. They also agree that having plowing friends all over the world has enriched their lives. v

Hefty: ‘I would love to have a better deal with China’ south. We get the opportunity to raise just one crop. Every spring we are planting into cold soils. So if the average temperature went up 1 degree, is that going to hurt us? I think not. But I don’t know all the other issues around the world. Also, a lot of people believe this is just cyclical. There have been heating periods; there have been cooling periods in history. The Land: What is the biggest challenge facing Hefty Seeds tomorrow? Hefty: Always it will be people. We simply want great people who can give good advice to farmers every day on this entire dynamic of modern agriculture. We do a lot of training with our people, so hopefully our agronomy staff is the best in the country. But the bigger question in the future will be finding people who know farmers and agriculture well enough to be of genuine value to every customer. v

PAGE 14 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”



Helping Farmers Succeed ™

ARE NEMATODES ROBBING YOUR FIELDS OF YIELD? NEMATODES ARE SILENT KILLERS in a farmer’s field, causing damage that can’t always be seen and robbing yield along the way. When trying to combat these difficult pests, farmers need solutions that offer impactful results.

symptoms do occur because of significant infestation, they are often sporadic and imitate other production related issues, like drought stress or fertility deficiency. Controlling nematode populations early can greatly diminish the potential for yield loss.”

“Damage to plants occur when nematodes feed on roots, which can heavily impact plant growth. Unfortunately, this doesn’t always develop above-ground symptoms,” says Jim Schwartz, director of PFR and Agronomy for Beck’s Hybrids. “Even if above ground

Prevalent in both corn and soybeans, there are many types of nematode species. Ectoparasite species exist in the soil and may move around and “graze” on roots. Endoparasite species spend most of their lives feeding inside the roots. Different species are more popular in different soil types, for instance, ectoparasitic species are more common in sandier soils. No matter the species, all nematodes can lead to moisture and nutrient uptake restrictions and lead to yield-robbing diseases, like root rot.

A NEW LEVEL OF SEED PROTECTION Beck’s newest addition to Escalate®, NEMASECT ™, offers farmers an effective way to manage nematodes in their fields. • As a biological, it’s safe to handle and safe for the environment • Multiple modes of action against the most common nematode species: lesion, stunt, dagger, and stubby root • Controls nematodes within 24 to 48 hours • A broad spectrum nematicide with activity on many soildwelling insects • Delivers an additional yield protection advantage of 12.2 Bu./A. in corn and 3.5 Bu./A. in soybeans**

Each year, nematodes are responsible for more than $3 billion loss due to crop damage*. While many nematode species feed on both corn and soybeans, soybean specific species do not typically feed on other plant types. Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) infestations can cut yields as much as 30 percent and not only cause stunting, yellowing, early death, reduced nodulation and lower yields, but can also serve as an entry point for other diseases. SCN is the number one cause of yield loss in soybeans and is prevalent in majority of the soybean acres in the United States. Schwartz says the most critical time to control nematodes is in the first 30-45 days the seed goes in the ground. NEMASECT™ controls nematodes within 24 to 48 hours and impacts both egg and juvenile nematode populations for up to 60 days. But this revolutionary nematicide doesn’t stop there. With its multiple modes of action, it also acts as a powerful insecticide and has activity on many soil-dwelling insects. Management practices like crop rotation, eliminating winter annual weed species, planting resistant varieties, planting early, minimizing growth stresses, and using seed treatments can all aid farmers in the fight

“Damage to plants occur when nematodes feed on roots, which can heavily impact plant growth. Unfortunately, this doesn’t always develop aboveground symptoms.” against nematodes. Farmers should take advantage of the tools at their disposal to control damaging nematodes and protect yields, especially when one offers the effectiveness of NEMASECT. A revolutionary nematicide and insecticide, NEMASECT comes standard as part of Beck’s Escalate® seed treatment on corn and soybeans. The best part? It comes at no additional charge, so it’s putting even more money back into farmers’ pockets. Farmers can be confident their crops have an added defense against nematodes and insects, and can look forward to additional yield protection. *Society of Nematologists. “Information on Nematology.” 2018. Web. **Corn results from two-year field trials at 50 locations (2016 and 2017) vs. competitive standard. Corn trials conducted in nematode infested fields in NE, MN, MO, IA, IL, IN, OH and AL. Soybean results from two-year field trials at 124 locations (2016 and 2017) vs. competitive standard. Soybean trials conducted in nematode infested fields in IN, IL, IA, OH, WI, MN, NE, KY, VA, NC, GA, AL, LA, MS, AR. Individual results will vary based on nematode pressure in each field.

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Beck’s is an industry leader in providing the corn, soybean, wheat, elite alfalfa, small seeds and other tools farmers need to succeed. NEMASECT™ and Escalate® are trademarks of Beck’s Superior Hybrids, Inc.

THE LAND — JANUARY 25/FEBRUARY 1, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


PAGE 16 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”



Grain Outlook Corn market still stuck in neutral

Cash Grain Markets

Grain Angles Crop insurance and risk managmenent

corn/change* soybeans/change* St. Cloud $3.35 +.09 $8.31 +.30 Madison $3.33 +.10 $8.18 +.25 Redwood Falls $3.32 +.09 $8.30 +.30 Fergus Falls $3.18 +.09 $7.97 +.30 $3.28 +.11 $8.10 +.30 The following marketing analysis is for the week Morris ending Jan. 25. Tracy $3.35 +.09 $8.28 +.35 CORN — The more things change, the more they Average: $3.30 $8.19 stay the same. Corn was stagnant in the same trading range it’s been in since November and closed Year Ago Average: $3.09 $9.16 slightly lower for the week. Corn closed lower for the Grain prices are effective cash close on Jan. 28. first three days of the holiday-shortened trading *Cash grain price change represents a two-week period. week before recovering on spillover strength from the soybean market. This week was not much different from last week with traders trolling daily for headlines to act upon. On Jan. 25, President Trump announced the government would reopen for three weeks until Feb. 15 while negotiations PHYLLIS NYSTROM Since the first of the year, the livestock markets continue on border security and CHS Hedging Inc. have shown some very interesting moves in their immigration issues. According to St. Paul respective price structures. Cattle prices have expeearly reports, we will see both rienced a rather sharp rally, while the feeder cattle overdue and scheduled U.S. have experienced a fairly significant drop in price. Department of Agriculture reports on Feb. 8. The hog market actually showed signs of stabilizing Weekly export inspections for corn were better than during that same time frame. anticipated at 43.6 million bushels and the largest in Weather has played a large roll eight weeks. We need inspections to average 46 milin all of the livestock trade durlion bushels per week to hit the USDA’s 2.45-billionbushel export outlook. The weekly ethanol report ing this period. As the weather showed production fell 20,000 barrels to 1.031 mil- outlook appears to be changing lion barrels. Over the last ten weeks, ethanol produc- more toward winter-type condition is running 2.5 percent behind last year’s pace. tions through most of the domiWeekly ethanol stocks were up 150,000 barrels to nant livestock areas, this could 23.5 million barrels. Net ethanol margins were nega- keep these markets on a roller JOE TEALE tive for the 18th week in a row at a negative 6 cents coaster in the weeks ahead. Broker per gallon. When the government finally issues The recent rally in the cattle updated balance sheets, it’s likely the corn usage for market can mostly be attributed Great Plains Commodity Afton, Minn. ethanol will be reduced. to the adverse weather condiA grower survey by Farm Futures projects corn tions in the major cattle feeding acreage will increase from 89.1 million acres in 2018 areas. Sloppy yard conditions and mud-packed anito 90.3 million acres in 2019. This is a 2.4 million mals have created havoc with many feedlots in the acre or 1.3 percent year-on-year increase. For soy- country. beans, the survey indicated soybean acreage will fall Because of the worry regarding the weather, the 2.9 million acres or 5.5 percent year-on-year from futures market quickly moved higher with the expec89.1 million acres to 84.6 million acres. Wheat acre- tation that cash prices would follow. However, the age in 2019 was forecasted to fall 2.5 percent to 46.6 cash trade really didn’t follow the futures market to million acres. IEG Vantage, formerly Informa substantially higher levels. Economics, is currently forecasting 2019 US corn Product movement has been steady and beef cutacreage at 91.5 million acres, soybeans at 86.2 milouts have been steady to slightly higher in recent lion acres, and winter wheat at 31.5 million, other trading. Packers seem to be content with slowing spring wheat at 13.8 million, and durum wheat at down the slaughter rates and therefore have not 1.88 million acres. IEG Vantage is forecasting the been aggressive in picking up new inventory. With

The 2019 crop insurance renewal season is in full swing. As you contemplate what your options are, it’s important for you to know all of the different options available to you. Building a risk management program with multi-peril crop insurance is not a cookiecutter solution, and not all crop insurance agents are created equal. As you prepare to meet with your trusted agent, I encourage you to ask yourself these questions to better prepare: What is most important to you and your operation in purchasing insurance? What is your individual risk management philosophy? How do you utilize your guarantees to ROB MOLINE market? What is your cost of proCompeer Crop Insurance duction by crop or even by field? Team Leader By answering these key quesMankato, Minn. tions, you will be better suited to select the right plan for your own operation. Formulating a plan suited for your operation has the ability to ultimately help you attain the goals you have set forth for operation and for your family. Mulit-peril crop insurance is the base for any risk management plan. However, there are several options available, including: revenue protection, yield protection and area plans. A majority of producers are utilizing revenue protection. Revenue protection will set a base guarantee with the average price in the month of February, looking at November 2019 for soybeans and December 2019 for corn. With revenue protection, a producer will utilize their own 10-year production history. Each producer has the option to utilize optional or enterprise units. Optional gives you a guarantee on each individual section, while enterprise will group crop by county. In order to determine the bushel guarantee for your operation, choose a percentage of coverage, multiplied by your actual production yield history. That bushel guarantee is then multiplied by the spring price to get your baseline revenue coverage. Most importantly, you must answer the question, “what is your cost of production?” As farmers, our goal is always to grow the best crop we can, while taking care of the land we work, to ensure it’s the most productive it can be. Knowing your cost of production will tell you what level of revenue you need to attain in order to miti-

See NYSTROM, pg. 17

See MOLINE, pg. 17

Livestock Angles Weather impacts livestock markets

See TEALE, pg. 20

Information in the above columns is the writer’s opinion. It is no way guaranteed and should not be interpreted as buy/sell advice. Futures trading always involves a certain degree of risk.

THE LAND — JANUARY 25/FEBRUARY 1, 2019 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Ross: U.S., China ‘miles and miles’ apart on trade NYSTROM, from pg. 16 corn carryout for 2018-19 at 1.817 billion bushels vs. USDA’s 1.781 billion bushels. For 2019-20, they predict the carryout at 1.824 billion bushels. The International Grains Council increased its 2018-19 world corn production forecast 3 million metric tons to 1.076 billion tons. The 2018-19 world corn carryout outlook was raised 5 mmt to 271 mmt, but is down 33 mmt year-on-year. China’s corn market posted its biggest one-day rally in over a year on news their strategic reserve administration for state firms would raise corn prices paid to farmers. Growers there are said to be holding a larger than normal percentage of their old crop corn and the government would like to get it into better storage facilities. This prompted talk that the government would push back corn auctions of state reserve corn from early summer until later to give farmers a longer selling period. Outlook: Each day can hold its own surprises and this has kept traders cautious; but overall, it’s been a sideways, mostly boring market. The U.S. dollar index rallied to a three-week high during the week, lending some pressure on commodities early in the week. However, the U.S. dollar fell into the weekend, helping corn to break a string of three consecutive lower closes. For the week, March corn was down 1.5 cents to $3.80.25, July was off three-quarter cents at $3.96.5, and December fell a half-cent to settle at $4.03.25 per bushel. Now that the government is reopening, we could see USDA reports that will drive direction. Did China buy any corn during the last month? Stay tuned. SOYBEANS — Soybean prices tested the $9.00 level when traders returned from the long holiday weekend. Weekend weather in Brazil was as expected with rain in Brazil easing some dryness concerns. Prices recovered in the days following, but a com-

MARKETING ment from U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross limited the upside. Ross reported the United States and China were “miles and miles” apart on resolving trade issues, but believed eventually an agreement would be reached. There were rumors early in the week that the United States had cancelled a preliminary meeting between with China before higher level meetings scheduled for Jan. 30-31 were rejected. The scheduled Jan. 30-31 meetings between the United States and China remain on the calendar. According to U.S. officials, there never was a preliminary meeting on the books. Thus, there was no meeting to cancel. Headlines and rumors continued to capture the market’s attention and drive daily direction. Remember, the deadline to reach a deal with China and avoid raising the tariff on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods from 10 to 25 percent is March 1. China’s economic growth in 2018 was just 6.6 percent — the lowest since 1990. Brazil’s second-largest soybean producing state of Parana lowered their soybean production estimate 2.3 mmt from 19.1 mmt to 16.8 mmt due to dryness in December. Parana’s soybean harvest was estimated at 15 percent complete with 70 percent in good condition and 7 percent in poor condition. On Jan. 7, 58 percent of their beans were rated good and 12 percent of the crop was in poor condition. It was said areas that have been hit the hardest by dryness in Brazil are the areas that had the earliest planted soybeans. Later-planted soybeans are believed to be in better condition. The third leading soybean producing state of Rio Grande do Sul reduced their production estimate from 18.7 mmt to 18.4 mmt. The International Grains Council cut their world 2018-19 soybean production projection 4 mmt to 363 mmt. 2018-19 carryout was increased 3

mmt to 54 mmt and is up 10 mmt year-on-year. Weekly soybean export inspections were within expectations at 40.8 million bushels with cumulative exports down 40 percent from a year ago. We need to average 35 million bushels per week to hit the USDA’s 1.9-billion-bushel export forecast. China imported just one soybean cargo from the United States in December. They imported 4.39 mmt of soybeans from Brazil in December. For all of 2018, China only imported 16.6 mmt of U.S. beans vs. 32.9 mmt in 2017. The EU met in Brussels on Jan. 30 and discussed waiving the import tax on Argentine biodiesel imports, with the possibility of adding an import quota.  If it happens, Argentina may crush beans for the biodiesel market. This will put more meal on the market, which we don’t need — especially if China’s African swine fever culling has been underreported. Outlook: Overall price direction will depend on the accuracy of rain for Brazil and updates on progress of trade talks with China. March soybeans closed above the 200-day moving average technical resistance for the first time since June on Jan. 25’s rally. This may attract buyers to send prices to the $9.40 area if it continues to be dry in Brazil, prospects look better for a Chinese deal, or technical buyers reemerge. For the week, March soybeans were 8.5 cents higher at $9.25.25, July rallied 9.25 cents to $9.51.75, and November gained 8.5 cents to close at $9.64.25 per bushel. Nystrom’s Notes: Contract changes for the week ended Jan. 25:  Minneapolis March wheat was up a measly half-cent at $5.74.75, Chicago 2.25 cents higher at $5.20, and Kansas City up 3.5 cents at $5.09.5 per bushel. Crude oil fell a nominal 35 cents to $53.69 per barrel, ULSD was 2.5 cents per gallon lower, RBOB dropped 6.5 cents, and natural gas plunged 30.5 cents lower. The U.S. dollar index declined 518 ticks. v

Multiple options are available for crop insurance coverage MOLINE, from pg. 16 gate any potential losses. Crop insurance isn’t meant to insure a profit, but to help mitigate the size of losses you have the potential to incur. As a subsidized product, it’s important to maximize the revenue product at the highest levels to match where you want to be for your operation. With the base set, you now have to ask, “what’s the biggest peril that you worry about?” When I ask the producers this question, often times the answer is hail. So what’s the best thing to utilize to protect your crop from this peril? A key factor to remember is that hail takes off the top bushels produced — meaning those are the first bushels lost. If hail is a concern for you, it’s important to look at coverage options for your operation when meeting with your trusted crop insurance partner When looking at multi-peril and hail, it’s important

to understand your total dollars of coverage. Say, for example, you were to get hailed out. Are you okay with the amount of coverage you have? Knowing that value is extremely important and there are different options available to get you there. We’ll first look at hail insurance. There are multiple options available to get you the needed coverage, and different premiums for the amount of money you want to spend. Wind can be a large peril as well. There are wind policies which can be utilized if that’s one of your concerns. Looking at total dollars of coverage, there are revenue and bushel products which can guarantee you up to 95 percent of your trendadjusted APH by offering higher levels of coverage options. We have seen the success of these products by helping our producers guarantee additional dollars over their current multi-peril coverage. Ultimately, you as a producer need to decide what’s

most important to you. How many dollars of coverage do you need, and how much do you want to spend to get that level of coverage? There are a lot of questions which need to be answered, along with identifying goals. Each producer should strive to work with their trusted crop insurance partner to find the right individualized plan for their operation. No single operation has the same goals, cost of production and/or risk tolerance. Take the time to develop your goals, understand risk tolerance, create or update your grain marketing plan and determine your cost of production. Knowing these details will help you be successful in mitigating your risk and achieve your goals. Compeer Financial can help you put together a risk management plan for your individual operation today. For additional insights from Moline and the rest of the Compeer team, visit v

PAGE 18 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


2018 ARC-CO info stalled by government shutdown Crop producers are now in the process and $12.27 per bushel for soybeans in of doing their crop income and expense both 2014 and 2015. The significantly estimates for the 2019 crop year. One of lower benchmark prices for 2018 lowers the big questions for farm managers is the potential maximum ARC-CO paywhether to expect any Agriculture Loss ments, as well as reducing the likelihood Coverage-County payments from the of receiving 2018 payments in many 2018 crop year in October this year. For counties. the 2017 crop year, very few counties Some counties in Minnesota and Iowa received ARC-CO payments for corn or will have increased county corn and soyFARM PROGRAMS bean benchmark yields for 2018, comsoybeans, except in counties which had significant crop yield reductions in 2017 pared to much lower levels in 2015 and By Kent Thiesse due to weather issues. The lower 2018 2016. This is due to the lower yield benchmark prices for corn and soyyears of 2011 and 2012 being beans will likely make 2018 ARC-CO dropped from the five-year benchpayments for corn and soybeans mark yield calculation, and being quite limited again in most areas. Similar to 2017, replaced by 2016 and 2017, which were years with counties which incurred reductions in average much higher county yields. The result will be higher yields in 2018 are most likely to receive a 2018 final 2018 county yield levels to initiate potential ARC-CO payment for corn or soybeans. 2018 corn and soybean ARC-CO payments. However, Most crop producers in the upper Midwest are the improvements in the county benchmark yields enrolled in the Ag Risk Coverage farm program for 2018 will be more than offset by the decline in choice on their corn and soybean base acres for the 2018 benchmark prices. The 2018 corn benchmark 2014 to 2018 crop years. A large percentage of crop price is 30 percent below the 2015 benchmark price, producers in the region earned a significant 2014 while the 2018 soybean benchmark price is 22 percorn ARC-CO payment, while farm operators in cent below 2015 benchmark price. The lower 2018 some counties also earned a partial ARC-CO paybenchmark prices will likely mean that only counment on their corn base acres for 2015 and 2016, ties with final 2018 corn and soybean yields that before receiving no payment for 2017. The ARC-CO were below the 2018 county BM yields are likely to payments for soybeans have been much lower and earn any 2018 ARC-CO payments. less likely in most areas, due to above-average soyThe U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National bean yields in most areas of the region. Some coun- Agricultural Statistics Service is scheduled to ties in the upper Midwest that had reduced soybean release the 2018 estimated average county yields for yields in 2017 did receive a small 2017 ARC-CO corn, soybeans and other crops in late February. payment. However, this date could be delayed due to the fedThe ARC-CO program utilizes national average eral government shutdown. The NASS county yields grain prices and average county yields to determine will offer a good estimate of where final 2018 ARCARC-CO payments. ARC-CO payments for corn, soy- CO farm program payments are likely to end up, beans or any other crops are paid when the actual depending on the final 2018 market year average county revenue for a crop in a given crop year falls price level. The NASS county yield estimates may below the calculated county “revenue guarantee” for be adjusted slightly by USDA, based on 2018 plantthat crop. The actual county revenue is the final ed acres, to arrive at the final 2018 county FSA Farm Service Agency county yield for a crop for that yields, which are used to calculate the 2018 ARCyear times the final national market year average CO payments. This could a factor in some counties price for the year for that crop. If that final county that had a large amount of prevented planted acres revenue amount is lower than the county revenue in 2018. guarantee for that crop, producers in that county The 2018 market year average price for corn and who are enrolled in the ARC-CO farm program soybeans is the national average price from Sept. 1, would earn an ARC-CO payment for that year. Each 2018 to Aug. 31, 2019, with prices being finalized on county also has a maximum ARC-CO payment level Sept. 30. As of Dec. 1, USDA is projecting 2018 marfor each crop. ket year average prices at $3.60 per bushel for corn The revenue guarantee for a given crop is the and $8.60 per bushel for soybeans. These market benchmark revenue times 86 percent (.86). The year average price estimates will continue to be benchmark revenue for 2018 is the five-year (2013adjusted by USDA in the monthly World 2017) county average yield, dropping the high and Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report low yield, times the benchmark price, which is the which is usually released around the 10th of each five-year (2013-2017) average market year average month. There have been no updated WASDE reports price, again dropping the high and low price. The in 2019 due to the federal government shutdown. national benchmark prices for 2018 are $3.70 per The relationship between the final 2018 county bushel for corn and $9.63 per bushel for soybeans, yield and the 2018 county benchmark yields is which have been declining each year from the high- extremely important in calculating potential 2018 est benchmark prices of $5.29 per bushel for corn ARC-CO payments for corn and soybeans.


Expressing the 2018 county yield as a “percentage of benchmark yield” is more important than the final county yield in determining estimated ARCCO payments. Once the final 2018 NASS county yield estimates are released, it is possible to make some fairly accurate 2018 ARC-CO payment estimates at various final 2018 market yield average price levels. Following is the likelihood of corn and soybean ARC-CO payments for the 2018 crop year, at the current market year average price estimates of $3.60 per bushel for corn and $8.60 per bushel for soybeans, for various levels of the percentage of benchmark yield: Corn — Any county that has a percentage of benchmark yield of 78 percent or less will likely realize the maximum estimated 2018 ARC-CO payment for that county. Counties with a percentage of benchmark yield of 79 to 83 percent will likely receive 51 to 99 percent of the maximum 2018 ARCCO payment. Counties with a percentage of benchmark yield of 84 to 87 percent will likely receive 1 to 50 percent of the maximum 2018 ARC-CO payment. Counties with a percentage of benchmark yield of 88 percent or higher will likely not receive a 2018 ARC-CO payment. Soybeans — Any county that has a percentage of benchmark yield of 84 percent or less will likely realize the maximum 2018 ARC-CO payment for that county. Counties with a percentage of benchmark yield of 85 to 90 percent will likely receive 50 to 99 percent of the maximum 2018 ARC-CO payment. Counties with a percentage of benchmark yield of 91 to 96 percent will likely receive 1 to 49 percent of the maximum 2018 ARC-CO payment. Counties with a percentage of benchmark yield of 97 percent or higher will likely not receive a 2018 ARC-CO payment. Note: Any 2018 ARC-CO payments would occur in October, 2019. ARC-CO payments would be paid on 85 percent of the base acres for a crop on a given FSA farm unit. Any ARC-CO payments would likely be subjected to 6.8 percent federal sequestration reduction. Assuming a $3.60 per bushel 2018 corn market year average price level, 2018 corn ARC-CO payments would begin at approximately 87 percent of the county benchmark yield, and counties that were at 78 percent of the county benchmark yield or lower would receive the maximum 2018 ARC-CO payment. This means that for a county with a benchmark yield of 190 bushels per acre, 2018 corn ARC-CO payments would be initiated at a final 2018 county yield of approximately 165 bushels per acre or lower, and the maximum payment would occur at a final county yield below 148 bushels per acre. There could be some counties in south central and southwest Minnesota (as well as in adjoining counties in Northern Iowa) which had significantly See THIESSE, pg. 21


MILKER’S MESSAGE — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Dairy prices were mixed during holiday-shortened week This column was written for the marketing week ending Jan. 25. WE BUILD OUR STALLS RIGHT! Cash dairy prices were mixed in the Take a look at shortened Martin Luther King Day holour tubing with iday week with the cheddar blocks losunequaled corrosion ing a penny, closing Jan. 25 at $1.39 News and information for Minnesota and Northern Iowa dairy producers protection! per pound. This is 8.25 cents below a year ago when they lost 9.25 cents. The Freudenthal Tubing has been ranged from 50 cents under to $1.00 over the large cheese inventories. Until improved barrels plunged to $1.16 on Jan. 23, the MIELKE MARKET engineered forcheese your specific Class. Cheese barrel inventories are demand or reduced production can bring lowest price since July 23, 2009, but WEEKLY requirements where assumed to be heavy nationwide and that stocks into better balance, low prices will be astrength sympclosed Jan. 25 at $1.18. This is down 2 corrosion resistance are By Lee Mielke has impacted markets negatively, as barrel tom of those heavy supplies.” of this week’s CORROSIONTheandloss Auto Release Head Locks Panel cents on the week, 14 cents below a critical design factors. prices fell. Cold Storage report adds to that speculation. PROTECTION year ago, and 21 cents below the blocks. Seven cars of block traded hands on the week at the Western cheese makers report mixed demand and Butter dipped to $2.22 per pound on Jan. 23, but CS-60 Stall on Chicago Mercantile Exchange and eight of barrel. “While markets for mozzarella are strong, as expect- closed Jan. 25 at $2.2450. ThisComfort is up a Tie half-cent ed near the apex of the football and pizza seasons, the week and 11.5 cents above a year ago, with Some cheese plant schedules are back to normal, The Toughest seven cars sold. according to Dairy Market News, while others relay other signals suggest total cheese demand is missStalls ing its mark.” Contacts indicate retail demand has lighter workweeks. Winter weather, particularly at Dairy Market News says little has changed as far been adequate, but exports have yet to take off. on the customer bases in the Northeast, impacted demand as access to cream for butter producers. If anything, • ProvidesNews superiorsays, lunge area Cumulated, Dairy Market “The pull from plant managers suggest more cream is expected for a number of regional contacts and demand was market, in cheese buyers has not• Much been ablethantoourovertake active stronger slow for most types of cheese producers. Spot milk upcoming weeks. Winter weather in the Midwest guaranteed a result,beam contacts systems say there intakes were light on the week and most spot prices cheese production. As competitors’ See MIELKE, pg. 20 not to bend has been little substantive effect on down • No Stall mounts in the drawing • Entire panel made of H.D. 10 gauge tubing concrete or sand are hot dippedWI galvanized after W. 6322 Cty. O,• Panels Medford, 54451 • Fully adjustable welding inside and out (715) 748-4132 • 1-800-688-0104 • Stall system stays high and Heaviest, • 6’, 8’, 10’, 12’ lengths dry, resulting in longer life Strongest, REMODELING, EXPANSION OR REPLACEMENT • 12’ panel weight 275 lbs. • Installation labor savings Custom Buy Direct From Manufacturer and SAVE! We Can Handle All Your Barn Steel Needs • Head-to-head and single row Cattle Diagonal Feed Thru Panel options available Auto Release Head Locks Panel Gates • Compare the weight of this on the system, heaviest available Elevated Dual Market on the market today



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MILKER’S MESSAGE — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Absence of new USDA data is feeding the bear market MIELKE, from pg. 19 and Northeast has bottlers busier, thus cream availability is steadily increasing. Churning continues and butter stocks are climbing. Demand is healthy to slightly seasonally lower, but butter markets are “steadily bullish.” Butter markets were expected to dip a little earlier in the year, but now expectations have shifted toward continued steady-bullishness. Western butter stocks are building at a seasonal rate and processors are actively running churns as there is plenty of cheap cream available. Some contacts say that first quarter sales are “relatively stronger than usual.” Retail orders are good while demand from food service is very good. Bulk butter sales are fair. With the decreasing price trends, sellers are hoping more orders will come through.










See Your Local Dealer for information on the complete line. Ask for a full color brochure. Marzolf Implement Northland Farm Sorensen’s Sales & Systems Rentals United Farmers Coop See Your Local Dealer for information on the the See Your Local Dealer for information on MN Lafayette, MN Spring Valley, MNAsk for a fullHutchinson, Owatonna, MN complete line. color brochure. complete line. Ask for a full320-587-2162 color brochure. 507-228-8224 507-346-7227 800-385-3911 Marzolf Implement Northland Farm Marzolf Implement Northland Farm Systems Sorensen’s Sales &Systems Rentals United Farmers Coop Sorensen’s Sales &Marzolf Rentals Implement Northland Farm Systems Spring Valley, Owatonna, MN Hutchinson, MN Lafayette, MNMN Spring Valley, MNHutchinson, MN Owatonna, MN Spring Valley, MN Owatonna, MN 320-587-2162 507-228-8224 507-346-7227 800-385-3911 507-346-7227 800-385-3911 507-346-7227 800-385-3911 320-587-2162

Sorensen’s Sales Rentals Implement Marzolf Northland Farm TheSystems Leader In & Feeders! Owatonna, MNHutchinson, MNSpring Valley, MN

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Grade A nonfat dry milk fell below $1 per pound on Jan. 23, but rallied to close Jan. 25 at $1.0125. This is down 1.75 cents on the week, but 30.25 cents above a year ago, with 14 cars selling on the week. HighGround Dairy says, “Strength is building in skim and whole milk powder prices in the EU, Oceania, and South America. Milk production has been declining in key regions of the EU and Argentina, but production is looking stronger out of New Zealand. Export demand from Asia has been a key factor in the recent rally.” Spot dry whey saw the largest single day declines since Oct. 23, losing 4 cents on Jan. 22 and 4.5 cents the next day. It closed on Jan. 25 at 40.5 cents per pound, a dime lower on the week, with 21 sales reported for week. n The depressed dairy markets were the key takeaway from this week’s annual Dairy Forum in Orlando. Jerry Dryer, analyst and editor of the Dairy and Food Market Analyst newsletter,  stated in the Jan. 28 Dairy Radio Now broadcast that it wasn’t so much what was being said from the podiums, but what was said in the hallways. “People are blaming the government shutdown as much as anything for the significant declines in dairy product prices at the CME,” Dryer reported. “The last data we saw was sort of bearish, and in the absence of new data, that bearishness intensifies and puts downward pressure on the market.” Dryer adds that people who are buying and selling dairy products and milk “don’t want to be blindsided by data, so it’s much less painful to make a mistake at $1.20 than to make a mistake at $1.80. People are reluctant to bid prices or move prices higher,” he explained. The other component is the trade and tariff issues that haven’t gone away and Dryer says there’s no news on that front either. “We did not get export data that we should have. That’s almost three weeks ago now and we won’t get it again this month

the way things are shaping up so people tend to assume the worst.” n Meanwhile, dairy farm margins were weaker over the first half of January due to lower milk prices with feed costs relatively flat since the beginning of the year, according to the latest Margin Watch from Chicago-based Commodity and Ingredient Hedging LLC. The Margin Watch stated, “The milk market has experienced mixed price action though, with Class III futures under pressure while Class IV futures have strengthened from a firming powder market.” It cited the latest Global Dairy Trade auction where skim milk powder prices soared 10.3 percent to $2,405 per metric ton, driving the weighted average value for the index up 4.2 percent to $3,057/ metric ton for the event. “Stronger Asian demand for milk solids appears to be the catalyst for recent strength as supplies slow from the United States and Europe,” the Margin Watch states. “EU intervention stocks of SMP have steadily declined to just 48.5 million pounds from nearly 800 million just over a year ago. In its first tender of the year, the European Commission sold 176.9 million pounds of SMP from its intervention storage program which has been the largest sale to date. At the current rate, SMP intervention stocks will be completely depleted by June and while the storage program has represented a huge cost to European taxpayers, it has effectively removed a large supply overhang from the global market which is supporting both spot NDM and Class IV futures prices at the CME.” n So what is responsible for the dilemma dairy producers find themselves in? Is it over production or under consumption? Perhaps it’s a bit of both, but the Wisconsin-based American Dairy Coalition’s

TEALE, from pg. 16 the futures market currently at a premium to cash, this could set up the possibility that the futures may correct the recent rally experienced in recent trading. Weather will continue to dominate the cattle in the weeks ahead and is likely to see an unsettled cattle market as a result. Producers should continue to monitor market and weather conditions and protect inventories when necessary. The hog market appears to be attempting to establish a low at the present time as prices have stayed relatively steady to slightly higher. The same holds true to pork cutout which also appears to be holding relatively steady. Product movement has been improving slightly overall, which is helping packers maintain a positive margin. With the prediction by

many weather forecasters calling for more severe cold and snow conditions, the likelihood of disruption to the marketing of live hogs could play a major role in future price direction. The African swine fever continues to make news and could have an effect on prices if the disease continues to expand. Product movement has been improving over the past month or so which gives rise to the possibility the hog market could see price improvement. The futures market continues to hold fairly large premiums to the cash trade, indicating traders believe that prices are likely to improve in the months ahead. Producers are urged to keep close attention to market and weather conditions and protect inventories if needed. v

See MIELKE, pg. 21

Pork continues wait and see pattern


MILKER’S MESSAGE — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Retail dairy prices contribute to high cheese stocks

MIELKE, from pg. 19 Laurie Fischer points the finger to retailers in her Jan. 22 op-ed piece. “At a time when thousands of U.S. dairy operators of all sizes are starved for revenue, declaring bankruptcy or selling off multi-generational operations, the latest inequity is a particularly cruel twist of the knife,” writes Fischer. “Squeezed on virtually every front, multi-front trade wars, eroding international markets, government shutdowns, etc., the entire dairy sector is feeling the vice tighten even more from a direction they never anticipated, the retail sector.”


Fischer cited the National Dairy Products Sales Report, specifically the December Class III cheese price at 27.4 cents (or 16.6 percent) lower than December 2017. But the U.S. retail average price for cheddar cheese in December (according to CPI data) was 41 cents (or 8.3 percent) higher than December 2017.” “That gap,” Fischer charged, “the difference between what consumers are paying and what dairymen are earning, is just one factor contributing to a national cheese glut of 1.4 million pounds of cheddar. Even as supermarkets are selling cheese at artificially high prices, the dairy producer is

ARCO payments paid on 85 percent of base acres COVERED

earning only 25.6 percent of the average retail price, the lowest proportion since April 2012.” Fischer warned, “There’s no magic bullet on the horizon. A shakeout will continue in the dairy sector until markets stabilize and supply and demand realign. Until then, dairy professionals at all levels are working on a day-byday, if not hour-by-hour, basis to keep their operations afloat. Cheese sales will be a critical component of that eventual rebound,” she said. Fischer also points to the 13 percent drop in fluid milk consumption over the last decade, causing significantly more fluid milk to be manufactured into cheese, butter and other products. She adds, “No business can control the

outside forces that have a corrosive effect on its revenues, but taking steps that erode consumer confidence can leave a particularly damaging legacy. It’s a discouraging predicament. Even though consumer demand for cheese is high, production costs are low and wholesale costs are optimal, the dairy industry, producers, processors and affiliated industries are being cut out of profits by retailers. Consumerfacing price gouging couldn’t come at a worse time for an already burdened industry,” Fischer concluded. Lee Mielke is a syndicated columnist who resides in Everson, Wash. His weekly column is featured in newspapers across the country and he may be reached at v

THIESSE, from pg. 20

soybeans. However, ARC-CO payments are not likely in counties that had reduced crop yields in 2018 and may average or above average crop yield in qualify for 2018 ARC-CO payments. Given the fact that the 2018 statewide 2018 compared to the county benchmark yield. Any further decline in the corn yield for Minnesota is projected to average above 180 bushels per acre, 2018 national market year average price levels below the current estiit is not likely that many other counmates would enhance the likelihood of ties in the state will qualify for 2018 potential 2018 ARC-CO corn and soyARC-CO payments for corn. bean payments. Conversely, any Similarly, with soybeans, if we increases in the final corn or soybean assume an $8.60 per bushel market market year average price would year average price level, 2018 soybean reduce the ARC-CO payment potential ARC-CO payments would begin at even more. approximately 96 percent of the counThe USDA FSA ARC/PLC web site ty benchmark yield, and counties that contains 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 were at 84 percent of the county ARC-CO payment maps, as well as a benchmark yield or lower would spreadsheet with actual yields, benchreceive the maximum 2018 ARC-CO EXTRA SKID AND TRACK LOADER COVERAGE COMES STANDARD payment. This means that for counties mark yields, and payment rates for all crops county the United 1973, Gehl for hasevery pushed skidinloader innovation forward. Today, Gehl with a benchmark yield of 50Since bushels States, and other farm program inforper acre, 2018 corn ARC-CO continues payments the tradition with a complete line of skid loaders and track loaders mation. The 2018 county benchmark would be initiated at a final 2018 designed with productivity and efficiency in mind. Purchase new Gehl SkidLOADER or EXTRA a SKID AND TRACK COVERAGE COMES STANDARD county yield of approximately 48 bush- yields are listed on this spreadsheet. It should be noted that the payment XPRT machine) 1973,total Gehl (full has pushed skid loader innovation forward. Today, Gehl els per acre or lower, and theTrack maxi-Loader and receive an included 2 year / 2,000 hrSince rates listed on this web site have not continues the tradition with a complete line of skid loaders and track loaders mum payment would occur at a final coverage extended plan. Offer subject to change, inquire for details. been factored by 85 percent to arrive designed with productivity and efficiency in mind. Purchase a new Gehl Skid or county yield below 42 bushels per Track Loader and receive an included 2 year / 2,000 hr XPRT total (full machine) acre. The 2018 statewide soybean yield at an ARC-CO payment per base acre, extended coverage plan. Offer subject to change, inquire for details. and the 6.8 percent Federal sequestrafor Minnesota is projected to be near tion reduction has not been applied to 50 bushels per acre, so there may CALL YOURLOCAL LOCAL GEHL GEHL DEALER CALL YOUR DEALERTODAY! TODAY! actually be more potential for counties the listed payment rates. The FSA ARC/PLC web site can be found at to qualify for a 2018 soybean ARC-CO Northland Marzolf A&C payment than for a corn payment — Farm Systems Implement Farm Service Kent Thiesse is a government farm especially for some counties in southOwatonna, MN Spring Valley, MN Paynesville, MN ern Minnesota with higher benchmark programs analyst and a vice president 800-385-3911 507-346-7227 320-243-3736 at MinnStar Bank in Lake Crystal, yields. Minn. He may be reached at (507) 726Counties in the upper Midwest are 2137 or kent.thiesse@minnstarbank. likely to have a wide range in 2018 com. v ARC-CO payments for both corn and


PAGE 22 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Pope County Farmland & Recreational Land with Building Site

AUCTION Thursday, March 14, 2019 • 1:00 p.m. Auction Held At:

Pope County Fairgrounds Heritage Building, Glenwood


Parcel 3

26426 State Hwy 104, Glenwood, MN From the stoplights in Glenwood, MN: South on State Highway 104 for 10 miles. Watch for auction signs.

57.57 Deeded Acres

Parcel 2

68.18 Deeded Acres 58± Tillable


131.75 Deeded Acres 117± Tillable

VieWinG dAteS:

Thursday, February 21, 2019 & Thursday, March 7, 2019 2:00 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. Or by appointment By Calling Kristine at (320)212-9379

PARCEL 1 & 2: QUALITY TILLABLE ACRES Parcel 1: Tillable Land East of Driveway: 131.75 Deeded Acres, 117± Tillable Acres Parcel 2: Tillable Land West of Driveway: 68.18 Deeded Acres, 58± Tillable Acres

PARCEL 3: BEAUTIFUL ONE OF A KIND BUILDING SITE OVERLOOKING WATER WITH A WOODED HUNTER’S PARADISE CONSISTING OF 57.57 Deeded Acres leGAl deScRiPtion: All parcels are part of Section 30, Chippewa Falls Township, Pope County

Auctioneer’s comments: Folks, Parcel 1 and 2 offer the opportunity to add quality ground to your farming or investment portfolio. Parcel 1 contains 117± Tillable Acres and Parcel 2 contains 58± Tillable Acres. Parcel 3 is an exciting opportunity to own a one of a kind hunter’s paradise located in Pope County only minutes from Glenwood. If you love the natural beauty of Minnesota, this parcel of land which includes a 3 bedroom, 2 bathroom house and several outbuildings is sure to be a place you’d love to call home! Whether you plan to use this property as your home or as a private getaway retreat, we’re certain many great memories will be made! This property has been in the Elwood Family since the 1970s. They have decided it’s time for someone else to enjoy this incredibly unique property. We are very proud to present the opportunity for you to own any or all of the parcels. Please feel free to call, text or email any questions you may have to or (320)212-9379.

-the Fladeboe Land Team

Dale & Paulette Elwood - OWNERS

Kristine Fladeboe Duininck - Broker - 320-212-9379 Glen Fladeboe 651-208-3262 Dale Fladeboe 320-894-9392 2015 MSAA Hall of Fame Auctioneer

Auction Terms: The successful bidder of each parcel will pay down $30,000 as earnest money PER PARCEL on auction day in the form of a cashier’s check. The non-refundable check should be made out to the Fladeboe Land Trust Account. The successful bidder(s) will enter into a non-contingent, AS-IS purchase agreement on auction day. Buyer’s premium will apply. Closing of the tillable land will be executed on or before April 25, 2019. Closing of Parcel 3 will be executed on or before August 29, 2019. Upon successful closing possession will be granted. All closings will take place at Obenland & Nelson Law Office in Glenwood, MN. Announcements made auction day take precedence over printed material. For info packet call Kristine at (320)212-9379 or email Kristine at

Sellers, auctioneers and brokerage are not responsible for accidents.


ADVERTISING NOTICE: Please check your ad the first week it runs. We make every effort to avoid errors by checking all copy, but sometimes errors are missed. Therefore, we ask that you review your ad for correctness. If you find a mistake, please call (507) 345-4523 immediately so that the error can be corrected. We regret that we cannot be responsible for more than one week’s insertion if the error is not called to our attention. We cannot be liable for an amount greater than the cost of the ad. THE LAND has the right to edit, reject or properly classify any ad. Each classified line ad is separately copyrighted to THE LAND. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

THE LAND — JANUARY 25 /FEBRUARY 1, 2019 Real Estate Wanted

Real Estate — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Please support our advertisers. Tell them you saw their ad in THE LAND.

Sell your land or real estate in WANTED: Land & farms. I 30 days for 0% commission. have clients looking for Call Ray 507-339-1272 dairy, & cash grain operations, as well as bare land parcels from 40-1000 acres. We need your Both for relocation & investments. If you have even Subscriber Card! thought about selling con- LAND LOCATED: From Forest City, MN, ½ mile east on MN Hwy 24, south side of If you haven’t already done so please find the subscriptact: Paul Krueger, Farm & the road. From Litchfield, MN, 6.5 miles east on MN Hwy 24, south side of the road. tion card we inserted in The Land Specialist, Edina ReLand in January, fill it out, alty, 138 Main St. W., New Auctioneer’s Note: 156 +/- acres in Forest City farmland to be offered at public auction. This large tract sign and date it and mail it Prague, MN 55372. in. On March 8, 2019 we will cropland has been in the Peters family for generations. Primarily tillable with some hunting ground. A portion draw a winner from all the (612)328-4506 of the 156 acres is tiled. Land has a weighted soil 2019 subscription cards we average of over 90! Unique area along the south side have received so far for a Classified Line Ads of the Crow which is known to have very few rocks. Single Tract $400 cash prize! We sincerely thank all The Land subscribers for your support!



Wednesday, February 13 @ 10AM

156 acres


Call 507-345-4523



We pay top dollar for your damaged grain. We are experienced handlers of your wet, dry, burnt and mixed grains. Trucks and vacs available. Immediate response anywhere. CALL FOR A QUOTE TODAY Ashley Huhn MN47-002

Steffes Group, Inc. 24400 MN Hwy 22 S Litchfield, MN 55355

For a detailed Buyer’s Prospectus with complete terms and conditions, contact Steffes Group, 320.693.9371, Ashley Huhn 701.238.1975 or Shelly Weinzetl 763.300.5055 TERMS: 10% down upon signing purchase agreement, payable by cash or check. Balance due at closing within 30 days. This is a 5% buyer’s fee auction.

CALL NOW TO CONSIGN! 320.693.9371 | Advertising Deadline: Thursday, February 14

PRUESS ELEV., INC. 1-800-828-6642

Massop ElEctric inc. 507-524-3726


∙ DELUX 10’ Model 2515, LP/NG, 1 PH, 300 bph DELUX 15’ 10’ Model RECONDITIONED, LP,31PH, PH,700 250 bph BPH ∙•DELUX 7040, LP/NG, USED DRYERS ∙ DELUX 20’ Model 6030, LP/NG, 3 PH, 600 bph ∙•DELUX 30’1025, Model 7545, KANSUN 215, LP, 1LP/NG, PH 3 PH, 900 bph



∙ KANSUN 1025 215, LP, Heat Reclaim LEGS ∙ BEHLEN 380, 1GRAIN PH, LP, Heat Reclaim UNIVERSAL 1600 ∙•BEHLEN 700,38’, 3 PH, LP,BPH Heat Reclaim ∙ BEHLEN 700, 3 PH, LP, w/Pre-heat

1409 Silver St. E., Mapleton, MN

LOCATION: Steffes Group facility, 24400 MN Hwy 22 S, Litchfield MN

THURSDAY, MARCH 21, 2019 | 10AM

This is a large multi-ring event with many items already consigned. Tractors, Combines, Heads, Trucks, Semis, Tillage, Construction Equipment, Hay & Livestock Equipment & much more!

Live online bidding with registration & details at Steffes Group, Inc., 24400 MN Hwy. 22 S, Litchfield, MN, Ashley Huhn MN47-06, Randy Kath MN47-001


Steffes Auction Calendar 2019

For more info, call: 1-800-726-8609 or visit our website: Opening February 1 & Closing February 6 Online Steffes Auction - 2/6, Upper Midwest Locations, Timed Online Auction Opening February 11 & Closing February 20 HFL Concrete & Masonry Auction, Rochester, MN, Timed Online Auction Tuesday, February 12 at 12PM Quality Tested Hay Auction, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN Opening February 12 & Closing February 21 Davidson Farms Retirement Auction, Beardsley, MN, Timed Online Auction Opening February 15 & Closing February 20 Online Steffes Auction - 2/20, Upper Midwest Locations, Timed Online Auction Wednesday, February 20 at 10AM Smith Farms LTD Farm Auction, Sawyer, ND Tuesday, February 26 at 10AM Brad & Glenda Johanson Farm Retirement Auction, Wheaton, MN Tuesday, February 26 at 10AM Quality Tested Hay Auction, Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN Opening February 26 & Closing March 5 at 11AM Lorang Farms Realignment Auction, Mt. Vernon, SD, Timed Online Auction Opening February 26 & Closing March 5 Jason Leer Farm Retirement Auction, Wolford, ND, Timed Online Auction Opening February 26 & Closing March 5 Gary Bacher Retirement Auction, Wolford, ND, Timed Online Auction Wednesday, February 27 at 10AM Keith Axtmann Farm Retirement Auction, Rugby, ND Thursday, February 28 at 10AM Johnny Herr Farm Retirement Auction, Sawyer, ND Friday, March 1 at 10AM Roger Walkinshaw Farm Auction, Argusville, ND Tuesday, March 5 at 10AM Bill Stibbe Estate Farm Auction, Hunter, ND Wednesday, March 6 at 10AM Jaeger Farm Retirement Auction, Balfour, ND Tuesday, March 12 at 12PM Quality Tested Hay Auction Steffes Group Facility, Litchfield, MN Wednesday, March 13 at 10AM Aglron West Fargo Event, Red River Valley Fairgrounds, West Fargo, ND Thursday, March 14 at 11AM Dennis & Karleen Wernsing Retirement Auction, Chokio, MN Friday, March 15 at 11AM Dan Lange Farm Auction, Ogilvie, MN Tuesday, March 19 at 10AM Aglron Sioux Falls Event, Steffes Group Facility, Larchwood, IA

PAGE 24 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


Grain Bins & Grain Leg

Feed Seed Hay OPEN Pollinated Seed Corn. Produces more high quality silage on less acres than hybrid. $67/bushel plus shipping. High feed value grain. Located at Teutopolis, IL 217-857-3377

Bins & Buildings FOR SALE: 10,000 bushel grain bin, floor and fan included. Phone 507-327-8101

Farm Equipment 3-12,000 bushel bins 27ft 10 ring 2-18,000 bushel bins 30ft 10 ring 1-3,500 bph 100ft grain leg with 10 hole distributor

350ft of down spouting 8in diameter 70ft of 8in u-trough

If you’re having a Farm Auction, let other Farmers know it!

Call Dan 507-327-1903 or Noah 507-327-1902

Haybuster 2660 bale shredder, demo, full warranty, list $27,400, now $21,900; Haybuster 2564 w/blower, $16,900; JD 469 baler, salvage or repair, B/O. 320-5433523 We buy Salvage Equipment Parts Available Hammell Equip., Inc. (507)867-4910

Upcoming Issues of THE LAND USED TRACTORS ‘03 Versatile 2310, PS ..................................... $85,000 ‘12 Buhler 280...............................................$109,000 NEW Massey GC1715 w/loader ............................. Call NEW Massey 7722 FWA CVT ................................. Call ‘05 CIH MX210 ................................................ $79,000 NEW NH T4.75, T4.90, T4.120 w/loader.. ...... On Hand NEW NH Workmaster 60, 50, 35’s/loaders ... On Hand NH T8.275, 495 hrs ....................................... $145,000 NH T8.300 ........................................................ Coming ‘08 NH 8010 .................................................. $110,000 ‘99 NH 9682 .................................................... $67,000 ‘96 White 6175 FWA....................................... $49,500



New NH W80C wheelloader .......................... On Hand New NH E37C mini excavator ....................... On Hand New NH E26C mini excavator ....................... On Hand New NH track & wheeled skidsteers............. On Hand NH 230 w/cab & heat ...................................... $37,900


‘12 Gleaner S77 ................................................ Coming Gleaner R65 ................................................... $105,000 ‘12 Gleaner S77............................................ $205,000 ‘03 Gleaner R65 ............................................... Coming ‘98 Gleaner R62 .............................................. $79,500 TILLAGE ‘98 Gleaner R62 ...................................................... Call 14’ Sunflower 4412-05.....................................$32,500 Gleaner 3308 chopping corn heads ...................... Call 10’ Sunflower 4412-07 .................................... $31,000 NEW Fantini chopping cornhead ........................... Call Geringhoff parts & heads available ‘95 JD 726, 30’ ................................................ $21,500 10’ Wilrich QX2 37’ w/basket.......................... $38,500 MISCELLANEOUS Wilrich QX 55’5 w/bskt..................................... Coming NEW Salford RTS Units .......................................... Call CIH 730b cush. w/ leads ................................ $19,500 NEW Salford Plows................................................. Call NEW Unverferth Seed Tenders .............................. Call PLANTERS NEW Westfield Augers ........................................... Call NEW White Planters ....................................Let’s Deal NEW REM VRX vacs. .............................................. Call White 8182 12-30 w/liq ................................Let’s Deal NEW Hardi Sprayers............................................... Call ‘12 White 8186, 16-30 w/liq. fert. .................Let’s Deal NEW Riteway Rollers .............................................. Call ‘11 White 8516 CFS, Loaded .......................Let’s Deal NEW Lorenz Snowblowers ..................................... Call White 8186 16-30 w/liq ................................Let’s Deal NEW Batco Conveyors ........................................... Call ‘15 White 9816FS 16-30 w/Agleader ...........Let’s Deal NEW Brent Wagons & Grain Carts ......................... Call ‘10 JD 1720 16-30 Stack ..............................Let’s Deal NEW E-Z Trail Seed Wagons .................................. Call NEW Rock Buckets & Pallet Forks ......................... Call REM 2700, Rental ................................................... Call Pre-Owned Grain Cart ................................... On Hand

All Equipment available with Low Rate Financing (507) 234-5191 (507) 625-8649 Hwy. 14, 3 miles West of Janesville, MN

Mon. - Fri. 7:30-5:00 • Sat. 7:30-Noon

Southern MNNorthern IA Feb. 8, 2019 Feb. 22, 2019 Mar. 8, 2019 Mar. 22, 2019

Northern MN Feb. 15, 2019 Mar. 1, 2019 Mar. 15, 2019 Mar. 29, 2019 April 12, 2019

Deadline is 8 days prior to publication.   Indicates early deadline, 9 days prior to publication.

PO Box 3169 • Mankato, MN 56002 Phone: 507-345-4523 or 800-657-4665 / Fax: 507-345-1027 Website: e-mail:

Ask Your Auctioneer to Place Your Auction in The Land!

Tractors 6170R JD, MFD, power quad, 4800 hrs, very nice, warranty, $69,500. 715-223-3664 FOR SALE: Case IH 8920 Magnum MFD, new rear tires, duals & front fenders, excellent condition. 715-8963730 NEW AND USED TRACTOR PARTS JD 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 55, 50 Series & newer tractors, AC-all models, Large Inventory, We ship! Mark Heitman Tractor Salvage 715-673-4829

• 5/8” drum roller wall thickness • 42” drum diameter wall thickness • 4”x8” frame tubing 3/8” thick • Auto fold



GREENWALD FARM CENTER Greenwald, MN • 320-987-3177 14 miles So. of Sauk Centre

THE LAND — JANUARY 25 /FEBRUARY 1, 2019 Tillage Equip

Wanted — “Where Farm and Family Meet”



PAGE 25 Swine

Trucks & Trailers

orn.FOR SALE: Case-IH field cul- All kinds of New & Used farm WANTED TO BUY: B&H 16R 7 bred Black Sim/Angus heif- FOR SALE: Yorkshire, Hamp- FOR SALE: Custom built bin ali- tivator 4800, 26’ with harrow, equipment - disc chisels, field cultivator model 9100 or ers due in spring to easy shire, Duroc & Hamp/Duroc moving trailer, 3” ground han used on low acres, very nice, cults, planters, soil finishers, 9600. 507-259-2677 calving Final Answer bull, boars, also gilts. Excellent clearance, $1,500. 320-963hip- $6,650. Please call 507-847- cornheads, feed mills, discs, selling by the lb, market selection. Raised outside. 5377 Maple Lake MN ain. 2710 balers, haybines, etc. 507price. Also, 10 Black Polled Exc herd health. No PRSS. Livestock IL Yearling Sim/Angus bulls, Delivery avail. 320-760-0365 438-9782 easy calving, good dispoPlanting Equip Your ad Freon: Certified buyer pays FOR SALE: Black Angus sition. $1,995 for choice. 50 Spot, Duroc, Chester White, CA$H for R12. 312-291-9169, bulls also Hamp, York, & yrs of AI breeding. (Epic Boars & Gilts available. could be here! FOR SALE: JD 7200 corn Hamp/Duroc boars & gilts. Renown 10 Speed) Riverside Monthly PRRS and PEDV. Delivery available. Steve Simmentals Gerald Polzin 507-345-4523 planter, 12R30” finger plant320-598-3790 Resler. 507-456-7746 320-286-5805 shel er, liquid fertilizer, 1.5 & 3.5 WANTED: JD 780 or 450 main- seed boxes, herbicide & in- nure spreader, for parts or Sell your livestock in The Land secticide boxes, trash clean- good. Also, 4R JD 7000 plant1 with a line ad. 507-345-4523 ers, good condition. 507-276- er. 320-630-8131 3753


Krause 5430 Drill, 30’, front fold, markers, 7” spacing, ed- Pro Openers, excellent connty, dition, $22,000. (507)459-5151 00; wer, Grain Handling salEquipment 5432010 GSI Dryer Single Phase. Dual Burner Vision Controller. Excellent Condition, $36,500. (563) 419-4204

ad, an-

920 ear ers, 896-

Thank you for reading The Land. We appreciate it!

Prime Kandiyohi County Farmland Listing -S1/2 of Section 26, St. John’s Township of Kandiyohi County -320 Deeded Acres -236 Quality Tillable Acres -An additional 36 acres of CRP (excellent hunting) -Crop Production Index 89+ -This farm has tile and very good drainage.


Call Broker: Kristine Fladeboe Duininck 320-212-9379

4200 149th Ave SE, Sawyer, ND

OR 50, racrge ark AUCTIONEER’S NOTE: Major equipment begins selling at 10:30 AM. Live online bidding available on major equipment. Registration, terms, & details at DIRECTIONS: From the junction of Hwy. 83 and Hwy. 2 in Minot, ND, age 7 miles south on Hwy. 83, 2 miles east on 135th Ave SE, 1 mile south on 27th Street SE, 1 mile east on 149th Ave SE. 2019


AUCTION Tuesday, March 5, 2019 • 2:00 p.m. Auction Held At:


300 14th Street S. • Benson, MN

153.21 Deeded Acres 146.32 Tillable Acres lAnd locAtion: Two miles north of De Graff, MN

153.21 Deeded Acres 146.32 Tillable Acres CPI = 89.7

legAl description: NE 1/4, Except 5.58± Acre Building Site, located in Section 17, Kildare Township, Swift County

Farm has been Surveyed Spring Possession Farm is tiled and has very good drainage Auctioneer’s comment: Folks, here is an exciting opportunity to add 146.32 tillable acres of quality ground to your farming or investment portfolio. This farm is located in the heart of Swift County and has a Crop Production Index of 89.7. The successful bidder will have the opportunity to farm this land in the 2019 growing season and after. This farm has been in the Olson Family since the 1930s. They have decided the time has come for a new owner or operator to enjoy the use of this land. So, we hope you consider participating in this auction. Feel free to call, text or email any questions you may have to or (320)212-9379.

2009 John Deere 9630 2009 John Deere 4730

2008 Peterbilt 388

ALSO INCLUDES: (7) 4WD & 2WD Tractors, Air Seeder, Planter, Draper Head, Grain Cart, Tillage & Row Crop Equipment, (8) Semi Tractors, Tri-axle Box Truck, (14) Hopper Bottom & Other Trailers, Jeep, Augers, Other Equipment & Parts Steffes Group, Inc. | 2000 Main Ave E, West Fargo, ND

SMITH FARMS LTD / Nathan Smith, 701.721.3492 or Brad Olstad (ND319) at Steffes Group, 701.237.9173 or 701.238.0240 or Tadd Skaurud at Steffes Group, 701.237.9173 or 701.729.3644

TERMS: All items sold as is where is. Payment of cash or check must be made sale day before removal of items. Statements made auction day take precedence over all advertising. $35 documentation fee applies to all titled vehicles. Titles will be mailed. Canadian buyers need a bank letter of credit to facilitate border transfer.

-the Fladeboe Land Team

Stener & Bernice Olson – ESTATE – Kristine Fladeboe Duininck - Broker - 320-212-9379 Glen Fladeboe 651-208-3262 Dale Fladeboe 320-894-9392 2015 MSAA Hall of Fame Auctioneer

Auction Terms: The successful bidder will pay down $30,000 as earnest money on auction day in the form of a cashier’s check. The non-refundable check should be made out to Fladeboe Land Trust Account. The successful bidder will enter into a non-contingent, AS-IS purchase agreement on auction day. Buyer’s premium will apply. Closing will be executed on or before April 16th, 2019 at the Erhardt Law Office. Upon successful closing possession will be granted. Announcements made auction day take precedence over printed material. For info packet call Kristine at 320-212-9379 or email Sellers, auctioneers and brokerage are not responsible for accidents.

PAGE 26 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

THE LAND — JANUARY 25/FEBRUARY 1, 2019 TH Place d Your A Today!

irst Your F for Choice ds! ie Classif

Livestock, Machinery, Farmland... you name it! People will buy it when they see it in The Land!

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To submit your classified ad use one of the following options: Phone: 507-345-4523 or 1-800-657-4665 Mail to: The Land Classifieds P.O. Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56002 Fax to: 507-345-1027 Email: Online at:

• Reach over 150,000 readers • Start your ad in The Land

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DEADLINE: Friday at 5:00 p.m. for the following Friday edition. Plus! Look for your classified ad in the e-edition.






































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CHECK ONE:  Announcements  Employment  Real Estate  Real Estate Wanted  Farm Rentals  Auctions  Agri Business  Farm Services  Sales & Services  Merchandise  Antiques & Collectibles

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Signature __________________________________________________________________________________________ ADVERTISING NOTICE: Please check your ad the first week it runs. We make every effort to avoid errors by checking all copy, but sometimes errors are missed. Therefore, we ask that you review your ad for correctness. If you find a mistake, please call (507) 345-4523 immediately so that the error can be corrected. We regret that we cannot be responsible for more than one week’s insertion if the error is not called to our attention. We cannot be liable for an amount greater than the cost of the ad. THE LAND has the right to edit, reject or properly classify any ad. Each classified line ad is separately copyrighted to THE LAND. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

THE LAND — JANUARY 25 /FEBRUARY 1, 2019 Miscellaneous


PARMA DRAINAGE PUMPS New pumps & parts on hand. Call Minnesota’s largest distributor HJ Olson & Company 320-974-8990 Cell - 320-212-5336

REINKE IRRIGATION Sales & Service New & Used For your irrigation needs 888-830-7757 or 507-276-2073

Please recycle this magazine. — “Where Farm and Family Meet”

Miscellaneous Winpower Sales & Service Reliable Power Solutions Since 1925 PTO & automatic Emergency Electric Generators. New & Used Rich Opsata-Distributor 800-343-9376

4WD TRACTORS ‘13 JD 9360R, 1970 hrs, 1000 PTO, pwr shift, 620x42 tires & duals .............................................................................$150,000 ‘13 NH T9.390, 2557 hrs, pwr shift, 1000 PTO, 480x50 tires & duals, susp cab ..........................................................$120,000 ‘11 NH T9.390, 905 hrs, pwr shift, 4 hyd valves, hi-flow, HID lights, 480x50 tires & duals ........................................$120,000 ‘14 C-IH Steiger 370 HD, 7052 hrs, 1000 PTO, big hyd pump, 710x38 tires ......................................................................................... $79,000 ‘98 C-IH 9370, 4000 hrs, pwr shift, 4 hyd, 650x32 tires & duals ...............................................................................$49,000 ‘90 Ford 876, 12spd, 8253 hrs, 520x38 duals...................$25,000


ADVERTISER LISTING Anderson Seeds .................................................................. 9 Beck's Hybrids ........................................................ 1, 14, 15 Courtland Waste Handling ................................................ 11 Dahl Farm Supply .............................................................. 7 Dan Osborne .................................................................... 24 Doda USA ....................................................................... 12 Fladeboe Auctions .......................................................22, 25 Freudenthal Dairy & Mfg ................................................. 19 Gehl Company ................................................................. 21 Greenwald Farm Center .................................................... 24 Henslin Auctions .............................................................. 22 Larson Implement ............................................................ 27 Massop Electric ............................................................... 23

‘15 C-IH 500 Quadtrac, 2750 hrs, 36” tracks, cab susp, HID lights, Pro 700 monitor & receiver ...............................$175,000


LOADER TRACTORS ‘04 JD 7320, MFWD, cab, air, 3pt, 540/1000 PTO, 2 hyd valves, JD 741 ldr w/QT bkt & joystick ......................................$49,000

COMBINES ‘13 JD S660, 1066 sep/1598 eng hrs, 4x4, 2630 display, Contour-Master, chopper, long unloading auger, 20.8x32 tires & duals ........................................................................$139,000 ‘13 JD S660, 892 sep/1180 eng hrs, Contour-Master, chopper, 520x38 tires & duals ...................................................$135,000 ‘04 JD 9760, 2268 sep/3460 eng hrs, Contour-Master, chopper, 480x42 tires & duals .....................................................$54,000 ‘01 JD 9750, 3013 sep/4156 eng hrs, Contour-Master, chopper, 520x38 tires & duals .....................................................$42,000 ‘01 JD 9650 STS, 3014 sep/4325 eng hrs, Contour-Master, chopper, 520x38 tires & duals .......................................$39,000

‘15 C-IH 370 Rowtrac Quadtrac, 918 hrs, 1000 PTO, 80” spacing, ‘00 JD 9650 STS, 2645 sep/3623 eng hrs, single point hookup, 4 hyd valves, hi-flow, ....................................................$155,000 ‘14 C-IH 350 Rowtrac Quadtrac, 1865 hrs, 1000 PTO, 120” spacing, 18” tracks, 4 hyd valves, hi-flow ...................$152,000

chopper, bin ext. ............................................................$42,000 ‘14 C-IH 5130, 660 sep/928 eng hrs, rock trap, chopper, tracker, 700 monitor, 900x32 single tires .....................$132,000

‘14 C-IH 340 Magnum Rowtrac, 290 hrs, lux cab, susp front axle, ‘15 C-IH 6140, 810 eng/685 sep hrs, rock trap, chopper, tracker, 18” belts, 6 hyd valves, 1000 PTO, 3pt .......................$180,000 ‘04 Cat Challenger MT 755, 4844 hrs, 16” tracks, 3 pt, 1000 PTO, 88” track spacing, JD ATU ..........................$65,000

pro 700 monitor ...........................................................$149,000 ‘11 C-IH 5088, 1541 sep/1743 eng hrs, rock trap, chopper, tracker, 30.5x32 single tires. ..........................................$88,000


‘11 C-IH 7120, 2200 eng/1610 sep hrs, rock trap, chopper,

‘12 JD 8235, 2WD, 1235 hrs, pwr shift, 3pt, 1000 PTO, 4 hyd

‘10 C-IH 8120, 2250 eng/1650 sep hrs, rock trap, chopper,

valves, 18.4x46 duals, extra clean...............................$110,000 ‘16 C-IH Magnum 180, MFWD, 1046 hrs, CVT tranny, 3pt, 1000 PTO, 4 hyd valves, 18.4x46 rear singles .......................$82,000 ‘13 C-IH Magnum 290, 1250 hrs, 1000 PTO, 3pt, 4 hyd valves, big pump, 480x50 tires & duals, front duals & wgts...$110,000 ‘12 C-IH Magnum 260, 1784 hrs, susp front, 1000 PTO, 3pt, 4 hyd valves, 480x50 rear tires & duals, front duals ........$99,000 ‘04 C-IH MX285, 5540 hrs, 4 hyd valves, 3pt, 1000 PTO, 10 front

tracker, 600 monitor, 520x42 duals ...............................$95,000

tracker, 60 monitor, 520x42 duals..................................$92,500 ‘09 C-IH 7088, 1275 sep/1807 eng hrs, rock trap, chopper, tracker, HID lights, Pro 600 monitor, 520x42” duals .....$92,000

CORN HEADERS ‘13 Drago 6R30 chopping, fits JD combine............................$25,000 ‘09 Drago 6R30 chopping, fits JD combine ........................$19,000

North American Farm & Power Show .................................. 3

wgts, 18.4x46 tires & duals, fresh eng OH ...................$59,000 ‘06 Drago 8R30 chopping, fits flagship C-IH combine .............$14,500

Pruess Elevator ................................................................ 23

‘87 C-IH 3594, 8526 hrs, 24 spd, 3 hyd valves, 1000 PTO, 3 pt, ‘13 C-IH 3408 8R30, hyd deck plates, fits flagship combine ....$21,000

Schweiss Doors ................................................................ 24 SI Feeder/Schoessow ........................................................ 20 Smiths Mill Implement ..................................................... 24 Spanier Welding ................................................................. 5

20.8x38 duals .................................................................$21,000 ‘08 C-IH 2408 8R30, hyd deck plates, fits flagship combine...$12,500 ‘13 NH T8.360, 1200 hrs, lux cab, 1000 PTO, 3pt, 4 hyd valves, 480x50 tires & duals, complete auto guide syst...........$105,000 ‘06 NH TG210, MFWD, 4240 hrs, pwr shift, 540/1000 PTO, 3pt hitch, 4 hyd valves, 380x46 rear tires & duals, 380x30 front

‘02 C-IH 2208 8R30, hyd deck plates, fits older 1600-2000 series C-IH combines ...............................................................$11,500 ‘83 JD 643 6R30, low tin, oil drive ..................................... $6,500

tires & duals ...................................................................$56,000


Steffes Group ..............................................................23, 25

‘03 NH TG230, MFWD, 3346 hrs, pwr shift, 540/1000 PTO,

The Andersons ................................................................... 4

‘11 Versatile 305, MFWD 690 hrs, 3pt, 4 hyd valves, 1000 PTO, ‘08 JD 512 5 shank disc ripper ...........................................$11,500

Whitcomb Brothers ............................................................ 6

HID lights, 480x46 tires & duals ....................................$95,000 JD 980 field cultivator, w/ JD harrow ................................$10,500

507-345-4523 • 800-657-4665 PO Box 3169, Mankato, MN 56001

Mega flow hyd, 4 valves, 3pt, 380x46 tires & duals......$59,000 JD 512 5 shank disc ripper .................................................. $9,500

LARSON IMPLEMENTS 5 miles east of Cambridge, MN on Hwy. 95 763-689-1179

Look at our website for pictures & more listings:

PAGE 28 — “Where Farm and Family Meet”


This week’s Back Roads is the work of The Land Correspondent Richard Siemers.

Montevideo arts project


ome cities have art museums. Montevideo is becoming a museum of public art. With three projects already on display and another slated to be completed in 2019, the city is off to a good start. “We’re trying to do one public art project a year,” said City Manager Steve Jones. “If you do that over a period of time you’re going to have quite an impact.” These are big undertakings, so the fact that the latest one will cover a two-year period actually gives the Montevideo Arts Project (MAP) a chance to catch its breath. MAP is a group of interested citizens who work in partnership with the city council, which acts as fiduciary agent and has final approval of all projects since they are on public property and owned by the city. MAP was formed in 2014 in response to a study by the Upper Minnesota Valley Regional Development Commission that found an interest in promoting public art in Montevideo. Kristi Fernholz, C o m m u n i t y Development Senior Planner for UMVRDC, is hired by MAP to guide them through the projects and write grants which cover two-thirds of the cost of hiring professional artists to bring the projects to life. Fundraising and donations cover the remaining costs. The first project was a mural painted behind a statue of

Montevideo, Minn.

Jose Artigas in a plaza in the heart of downtown Montevideo. The statue was a gift from their sister city, Montevideo, Uruguay and the mural celebrates the relationship between the two cities. Artist Shawn McCann has the viewer looking up a street into the Uruguayan capital. The next year, a historic boxcar donated by the Milwaukee Road Heritage Society became the billboard for murals relating to Montevideo’s railroad and agricultural history. That proved to be a major project, according to Jones, which involved moving the boxcar, laying track for its base, and hours spent by volunteer Dan Sanborn to prepare it for painting by artist Lili Payne. In 2017, a 1929 McCormick Deering tractor donated by Minnesota Valley Antique Farm Power and Machinery Association became host to stained glass creations by Karl Unnasch. While attractive in daylight, it takes on a new quality when lit after dark. That project won national recognition. To be completed in 2019 is a painted stairway, of which there are a few to choose from in this hillside city overlooking the convergence of the Minnesota and Chippewa rivers. MAP not only looks to a future with more projects, but sets aside money so this citywide art museum can be maintained for future generations. v

Profile for The Land

THE LAND ~ February 1, 2019 ~ Northern Edition  

"Since 1976, Where Farm and Family Meet"

THE LAND ~ February 1, 2019 ~ Northern Edition  

"Since 1976, Where Farm and Family Meet"

Profile for theland