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The Kansas City

GARDENER A Monthly Guide to Successful Gardening

October 2017

Editor’s Choice

Viburnum ‘Allegheny’ attractive and functional

Hometown Habitat The Bird Brain: Owls Gardening on a Budget Tulip Poplar, Tree for All Seasons


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The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

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The Kansas City

editor’s notes

GARDENER A Monthly Guide to Successful Gardening

The undone to-do list

Independently owned and operated since 1996 Publisher Michael Cavanaugh Editor Elizabeth Cavanaugh Contributors Judy Archer Jim Earnest Theresa Hiremath Diana Par-due Dennis Patton Ed Reese Chelsea Didde Rice Phil Roudebush Jennifer Slusher Diane Swan Scott Woodbury Distribution Publishers Delivery Solutions, Inc.

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P.O. Box 8725 Prairie Village, KS 66208 Phone: 913-648-4728 For advertising information contact Michael Cavanaugh at mike@kcgmag.com Submit editorial questions to Elizabeth Cavanaugh at elizabeth@kcgmag.com

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October 2017 | kcgmag.com

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efore the ink dried on my to-do list, I was scheduling spring garden activities. From standard spring garden chores to exploring new plant ideas, I was like a race horse waiting for the sound of the bell. I wanted nothing more than dirty fingernails and muddy knees. Already in progress, however, was the huge landscaping project in the backyard. (For those who follow this column, no doubt you’ve grown weary of this topic, so I’ll be brief.) It was a renovation job that began early January, consisting of a patio plus firepit, and plenty of shrubs, perennials and annuals to plant. Once construction of the patio was complete, the DIY portion began. It was time for us to do our part. Like installing three 8-foot ‘Perfecta’ Chinese Junipers. Yes, this is DIY EXTREME! Anyway, there was plenty of work to do and we were focused on completion before the heat of summer began. A lofty goal, but doable. In the meantime, an item from my to-do list stayed front of mind. I was smitten with succulents. And not just the plants themselves, but the creative ways in which to plant

them. I decided to do more than admire someone else’s vision. I was going to DIM (do it myself). First objective was to find containers. Not some shiny, new planter, but an item for repurposing. Something eclectic, vintage, junky, you know … one man’s trash is a gardener’s inspiration. On a side note, I was also in the market for shelves for my office, of similar style. As a market neophyte, my neighbor Amy coached me through Kansas City’s West Bottoms warehouse district. I’ve admired her treasures from there, and knew she would give good direction. While I had no luck finding shelves, I scored big with two shallow planter boxes perfect for my succulent idea. Feeling proud and satisfied, I hauled them home, with an action plan in my head. When I arrived home, and showed them to Mr. Gardener, I was intoxicated with my success. I let them sit on the kitchen counter, in the dining room, wherever I could admire them. Eventually

they went downstairs to the top of the garage refrigerator. At least they were closer to being planted than if they were in the house. Every day as I passed by those boxes, I began to feel uneasy, like I had a guilty conscious. It was as if I could hear, “Hey lady, how long are you going to let us sit empty? You promised succulents.” There they sat all summer. That project should have been on my wish list, not the to-do list. In reality, during a large project your ambition, your energy aligns with completion. Everything else– laundry, housework, groceries, and little succulent planting ideas–is put aside for another day. Succulents have moved to the top of the list for next season, along with this Mae West quote: “He who hesitates is a damned fool.” I’ll see you in the garden!

In this issue October 2017 • Vol. 22 No. 10 Ask the Experts ........................ 6 Hosta and Hydroponics ............ 7 Hometown Habitat .................. 8 The Bird Brain, Owls ................ 10 Fall is for Planting REALLY ......... 12 Pets & Plants ........................... 13 Gardening on a Budget ........... 14 Editor’s Choice: Viburnum.......... 16 Tree of Poets and Songwriters ... 18 Abundant Calendula ................ 19

about the cover ...

Remedy to Rid Honeysuckle ...... 20 Tulip Poplar ............................. 22 Winter Ready Pond .................. 24 Birdscaping ............................. 25 Upcoming Events ..................... 26 Happenings Powell Gardens .... 29 Hotlines .................................. 29 Garden Calendar .................... 30 Subscribe ................................ 31 Professional’s Corner ................ 31

Viburnum ‘Allegheny’ has been a stalwart shrub since planted 15 years ago. The virgorous growth and easy care make this shrub a winner. Learn more on page 16.

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The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

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Ask The Experts Readers share their questions about landscape issues, and DENNIS PATTON gives expert tips and advice. TIMING TO TREAT IRON CHLOROSIS Question: When is the best time to treat a Pin Oak tree for iron chlorosis? Answer: Iron chlorosis is a result of the tie up of iron in our locally high pH soils. Pin oak is just one of a number of species in which the foliage remains a pale green to light yellow. This soil-related issue can slow growth and can even lead to the death of the tree. There are several recommended options for treating to overcome the lack of iron. Soil treatments can be done by a homeowner with a combination of iron and sulfur. The best treatment and most long lasting may be an injection treatment of a liquid iron solution by a trained professional. Timing of the treatment can vary but the best time is early spring

before bud break. This allows for a quick uptake and greening of the tree. Treatments can be later into the spring and even summer but it might be wise to watch temperatures as high heat and drought can burn the leaves which causes stress. The leaves will regrow and should be a nice dark green if the treatment worked. Professional treatments can last for a number of years. WAIT TO PRUNE FRUIT TREES Question: I have a couple of young fruit trees. I was told fall is the best time to prune these trees. Is the fall period a good time to prune fruit trees? Answer: Simply stated, no. Fall is really not a good time to prune much of anything. Pruning of any kind should not begin until the

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plant is fully dormant. Pruning in the fall can lead to winter injury and slow the sealing or healing process. The other issue is if we have bad storms that result in limb breakage your number of choices is reduced. Fruit trees are best pruned once our chance of harsh winter weather is behind in late February. The trees are dormant, the structure without foliage is easy to see and the wound as a result of pruning can seal over quickly once spring arrives. Put down your pruning shears in October and November no matter the plant, whether it is fruit trees, roses or landscape trees and shrubs. It is time to let them rest and prepare for winter.

lights. Can you give me some instructions on how to do it? Answer: Legally I should not give you instructions. Many plants are patented and it requires a license to propagate and a royalty fee to be paid. If you look closely on many nursery tags it says propagation is unlawful. With SunPatiens I am not absolutely sure if this is the case. Now that I have covered myself, here is information about taking cuttings of annual type plant material. Most soft stemmed plants like this can be rooted with a couple inches of stem. Allow the cutting to air dry for a couple of hours before sticking to help callus over and reduce rot. Remove the lower leaves and dip in a rooting hormone. Stick the cutting into a sterile high quality potting soil. Cover the cuttings with a plastic bag to increase humidity. Then

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place under the lights and wait and pray. The cuttings should start to either root in three to four weeks or rot and die. You have nothing to lose except a little time and energy. Of course, if the plants are patented don’t brag about it or you may end up in plant jail. Just to be clear, I will not be visiting so don’t expect a cake with a file. WHY WEED CONTROL IN OCTOBER Question: Why is it recommended to control weeds in the lawn in October? I really don’t see that many out there. Answer: Fall treatment of broadleaf weeds is the ideal time for early spring weeds such as dandelions, henbit and chickweed. These big three are referred to as winter annuals. Although dandelions are perennials, this means they germinate in the fall, spend the winter as small plants about the size of a quarter and then start to develop rapidly and bloom as warmer winter temps arrive. They burst into full bloom in spring. Any weed is easier to control when it is small and establishing. Once a weed has matured and begun to flower it is much more difficult to kill. It is for this reason we recommend the fall period as it is simply easier to control. Fall treatment reduces the drift of herbicides which damage other tender emerging plants in the spring. Each spring herbicide injury to landscape plants is our number one issue. If you have had an issue with these weeds in the past, you probably will again so get a jump on their control this fall. Spot treat-

ments may still be needed in the spring but overall less chemicals will be required so the issue of drift decreases. SOAKING CLAY SOIL Question: I read an article that said about two-tenths of an inch of water can soak into our clay soil at one time. Does that mean the torrential six-inch rainfall doesn’t soak into the subsoil? How on earth do we water our trees deeply? Answer: You are correct. Heavy clay soils can only uptake about two-tenths in a one-hour period before runoff starts. That is why a slower, soaking rainfall is best. If we could have that inch of water fall slowly over a three- to four-hour period, it would soak deeper into the soil. Heavy rainfall like we saw this summer mostly runs off as there is not time for it to soak in. That is one of the reasons we saw so much flash flooding. When watering, it is always best to apply it slowly so that gravity can move it into the soil profile. A tree can be deeply watered by watering until runoff occurs, wait a few hours or so and then water again. This repeat soaking with intervals in between should wet deeper into the soil. Deep soaking is best as it will wet a greater amount of the root system.

Hosta and Hydroponics

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uesday, October 17th is the next meeting of the Greater Kansas City Water Garden Society. Our first speaker at 6:30 p.m. from Made in the Shade, is Rob Mortko, aka, “The Hosta Guy”. Rob and his wife, Sheri have over 400 different varieties of Hosta on their Johnson County property. In 2000, they developed their own cultivar named “Heart & Soul”. Their newest Hosta is “Stitch in Time” and has been patented. Everything you ever wanted to know about Hostas but were afraid to ask, is the topic of his speech. At 7:30 p.m. our featured speakers are Bennie Palmentere and Jeff Krupkowski from River Market Hydro. When they opened in 1992, they were the only hydroponics seller from Denver to St. Louis. Along with hydroponics, they offer their knowledge and expertise on aquaponics; a relatively new idea in growing vegetables and herbs.

Who knows, maybe we will survive the “zombie apocalypse” if we are more self-sufficient tonight’s discussion will be an introduction to hydroponics and aquaponics. Books will also be available for purchase. The doors open at 5:30 p.m. for snacks and socializing. We meet at 2552 Gillham Rd., Kansas City, MO 64108 at Our Lady of Sorrows. Parking is free beside the church. Visitors are always welcome! See you there!

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Western Nursery & Landscape Association Presents

Hometown Habitat – Stories of Bringing Nature Home

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he horticulture industry and the gardening public are invited to attend a showing of Hometown Habitat – Stories of Bringing Nature Home. The screening is presented by Western Nursery & Landscape Association, in partnership with Suburban Lawn & Garden and Jeffrey L. Bruce & Co. Through its profile of seven hometown habitat heroes, Hometown Habitat helps to answer questions about native plants, how they support pollinators and birds, and how they can reduce the use of chemicals and save water. Renowned entomologist Douglas Tallamy, Ph.D. narrates the film. Tallamy’s research, books and lectures about the use of nonnative plants in landscaping sound the alarm about habitat and species

loss. Tallamy challenges the notion that humans are here and nature is someplace else. Tallamy says, “It doesn’t have to Glenwood Arts Theater and shouldn’t be that www.fineartsgroup.com way.” 3707 W. 95th St. For two years, Overland Park, KS producer/director Catherine Zimmerman Tickets available: and film crew traveled $8 industry and public; $4 students around the country to ($10 / $5 at the door) visit hometown habiCoupons for a small drink and tat heroes and film popcorn available onsite compliments their inspiring stories of community comof Suburban Lawn & Garden. mitment to conserRegister at: Hometown Habitat vation landscaping. Zimmerman shares (http://bit.ly/2y3bhWn) these success stories and works in-progress that re-awaken and reThe message will inspire you – all define our relationship with nature. of us have the power to support habitat for wildlife and bring natural beauty to our patch of the Earth. The goal will energize you – to build a new army of habitat heroes and make natural landscaping the new landscaping norm. 1927 • The vision behind Hometown Habitat, Stories of Bringing Nature Home is to inspire conservation landscaping, making native plants the default choice instead of nonnative plants and lawn. We don’t have to eliminate nonnative plants and lawns, but we need to, as Doug Tallamy suggests in the film, to flip the current landscaping paradigm, Plant Fall which favors massive lawns and

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non-native shrubs and perennials to one which favors native plants, ecosystem health, and co-existence with nature. A panel discussion will follow the screening. Since 1890, the Western Nursery & Landscape Association has been the trade association for horticulture professionals in Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, Nebraska, and Oklahoma. WNLA continues its long-standing tradition as a regional, value oriented and interactive platform. WNLA’s purpose is to provide a social and educational networking event creating, engaging and building sustainable relationships for all members. Visit wnla.org for more information.

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The Bird Brain: Owls Local birding expert, THERESA HIREMATH talks about the varieties of owls common in the Midwest.

W

ith Halloween just around the corner and a chill in the air, October is a great time to think about owls. In our area, we have four species of owls: the Barred Owl, the Great Horned Owl, the Barn Owl, and the Eastern Screech-Owl. Barred Barred Owls roost in forest trees during the day, and hunt and call at night “Who cooks for you? Who cooks for you all?” As with most owls, they are easiest to find when they are active at night, and are much easier to hear than to see. Forests near water are their favored habitat, and if you imitate their call, one may fly in to investigate you. Barred Owls hunt by sitting and waiting on an elevated perch, while scanning all around for prey.

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The Great Horned Owl is the most serious predatory threat to the Barred Owl. When a Great Horned

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Barred Owl

Great Horned Owl

Barn Owl

ing the day. Barred Owls swallow small prey whole and large prey in pieces, eating the head first and then the body.

Owl is nearby, a Barred Owl will move to another part of his territory. They don’t migrate, and don’t move much at all, typically staying within six miles. Young Barred Owls can climb trees by grasping the bark with their bill and talons, flapping their wings, and walking their way up the trunk. Barred Owls are forest birds, and they need large dead trees for nest sites. These requirements make them sensitive to the expansion of logging, so they are often used as an indicator species for managing old forests.

mon owls in North America because it will inhabit almost any semi-open habitat between the Arctic and the tropics. They are the largest common owl in North America. Did you know it can turn its head 270 degrees without moving its body? Great Horned Owls are active mostly during the night – especially at dusk and before dawn. They roost in trees, snags, thick brush, cavities, ledges, and human-made structures. Sometimes they can be spotted at dusk sitting on fence posts or tree limbs at the edges of open areas. Mated pairs are monogamous and defend their territories with vigorous hooting, especially in the winter before egg-laying, and in the fall when their young leave the

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area. Their call is a deep, stuttering series of four to five hoots. Although Great Horned Owls are common and widespread throughout the Americas, populations declined approximately 33% between 1966 and 2015.

barns and other old, abandoned buildings, so keep an eye out for them there. Nesting Barn Owls sometimes store dozens of prey items at the nest site while they are incubating to feed the young once they hatch. They are generally monogamous and mate for life. Barn Owls don’t hoot the way most other owls do; you can listen for their harsh screeches at night.

Barn Owl Barn Owls are most easily known by their beautiful heart shaped face. They are lanky and lighter colored than the Barred, Great Horned, and Screech Owls.

Eastern Screech-Owl Barn Owls are silent predators of the night. They hunt by flying low, back and forth over habitats, searching for small rodents, primarily by sound. Due to their hunting method, Barn Owls require large areas of open land. The Barn Owl has excellent low-light vision, and can easily find prey at night by sight. But its ability to locate prey by sound alone is the best of any animal that has ever been tested. It can catch mice in complete darkness in the lab, or hidden by vegetation or snow out in the wild. Isn’t that amazing? For nesting and roosting, Barn Owls prefer quiet cavities, either in trees or man-made structures such as barns or silos. Barn Owls often live up to their name, inhabiting

Eastern Screech-Owl True to their name, the Eastern Screech-Owl makes a unique trilling or whinnying song that rings out in the night. This is a tiny owl, averaging only 6-10 inches tall. Common east of the Rockies in woods, suburbs, and parks, the Eastern Screech-Owl is found wherever trees are, and they’re even willing to nest in backyard nest boxes. This owl is supremely camouflaged, and hides out in nooks and tree crannies through the day, so it is best to train your ears and listen for them at night. Eastern ScreechOwls are active at night and are far more often heard than seen. Trees define the Eastern Screech-Owls habitat. This owl is fairly common in most types of woods, particularly near water. Eastern Screech-Owl pairs are generally monogamous and remain together for life. If you’d like to learn more about these beautiful birds, visit the Cornell Lab of Ornithology website, allaboutbirds.org, with lots of cool information, or come visit our experts at Wild Birds Unlimited of Leawood. Nik and Theresa Hiremath own and operate Wild Birds Unlimited of Leawood at 11711 Roe Avenue, Leawood, Kansas. Contact them at 913-491-4887.

Looking for Locally-Grown Lavender?

In the farmland just south of Overland Park, at a place called Swan’s Water Gardens, you’ll find exactly what you’re looking for. This year, Swan’s Water Gardens began their new division, Swan River Farms, where they grow seven different varieties of lavender. (And they grow cut flowers, too!) Hand-made products like lavender sachets, home-blended soaps, salt scrubs and lotions that are bursting with fresh lavender aroma will enchant your senses. All products are made with the freshest and highest quality ingredients. Guaranteed to sooth, pamper and delight.

You’ll adore the lavender prairie dolls for kids. What a sweet way to introduce the calming scent of lavender in a soft, comforting, carry-around keepsake! That’s just the beginning of what you’ll find, and you’ll find it all at unbeatable prices. So make a plan to visit today! Facebook Check out fo on our in e or for m Harvest g upcomin Festival!

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The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

11


Fall Is For Planting...REALLY Planting season gears up again during the fall months. JUDY ARCHER reveals her tips to get started.

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ften times I am asked if it’s okay to plant in the fall. My answer is, most definitely YES. The planting season doesn’t come to a close during cooler months, it’s just getting its second wind and firing up all over again. Autumn has shorter days and cooler nights; ideal for planting. As plants begin their dormancy, the roots will continue to grow. A strong root system is necessary for your plant’s health and vigor. You can help your plants establish a better foothold by using a higher Phosphorus fertilizer or a Root Stimulator. In fertilizers, NPK, or the three numbers you see on the label, stands for Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium. The higher the number, the more concentrated the macro-nutrients are

in the fertilizer. Phosphorus (P) is essential for all living things. It helps with photosynthesis, respiration, energy storage, and cell division and enlargement. A plant must have Phosphorus to complete its production cycle. Phosphorus stimulates root development, helps in stalk and stem growth, better flower/seed production and increased disease resistance. When fertilizing your plants in the fall, it is suggested to back off of the Nitrogen and lean more towards the Phosphorus levels. Nitrogen will create new, young tender growth at a time of year when you really don’t want this to happen. Your plants will be trying to “harden off” for the cold months ahead and, if fertilized with a high Nitrogen fertilizer, it will shorten their preparation time.

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Anytime you plant it is wise to use a root stimulator, but especially in the fall. Root Stimulators have a higher Phosphorus number (middle number) than the Nitrogen and Potassium numbers. It will help give your roots a head start and, come spring, they will be stronger and healthier. So don’t hesitate to plant in the fall, it’s a wonderful time of year. The heat and stress of the summer are coming to an end. Please be aware that there are some plants that prefer spring planting over fall planting but a reputable nursery should be able to steer you clear of those plants. Make a point of watering in the winter. Our area doesn’t always receive adequate moisture during the winter months. Last year is an excellent example. I’ve seen a lot of dead branches on boxwood and holly. There has been a high replacement rate on many plants.

Most of this was caused by lack of water. I make it a rule of thumb to tell everybody to water generously before Thanksgiving. After that, roll up your hoses and put them away until our January thaw. That’s when you should get those hoses back out and soak those beds again. By just doing this you will be amazed at how much healthier and prettier your landscape will look in the spring. Cooler temperatures will soon be here and our planting season will be kicking into high gear again. Just remember, Fall really is for planting. It’s not just a gimmicky sign that nursery’s hang out on their front fences to generate sales. It truly is a wonderful time of year to plant. Judy Archer, Landscape Designer and Sales Manager at Complete Outdoor Expressions. You may reach her at 913-669-4682.

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Pets and Plants Methylxanthines By Phil Roudebush, DVM, DACVIM

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ethylxanthine compounds such as theobromine and caffeine are found in a variety of foods and plant materials. Chocolate, cocoa beans, cocoa hull (bean) mulch, coffee and tea are common sources of these compounds. Methylxanthine poisoning can occur in some animals because they metabolize these compounds more slowly than people and may readily consume large quantities of the foods or plant materials containing theobromine and caffeine. Dogs are especially at risk because they often have access to chocolate or may ingest cocoa bean mulch in outdoor landscapes. The toxic dose of theobromine and caffeine is even lower for cats but they are rarely affected because of more sensible eating habits. Methylxanthine concentrations vary tremendously for various cocoa and chocolate products (see table). In general, theobromine and caffeine concentrations increase as the chocolate becomes

The Kaw Valley region northeast Kansas offers a wealth of unique agricultural sights, tastes, and traditions. The 2017 Kaw Valley Farm Tour, October 7 and 8th, celebrates those experiences. Thirty-two participating farms in Johnson, Jefferson, and Douglas, Osage, Shawnee and Leavenworth counties will open their venues to the public that weekend and offer special activities for kids, families and adults that are only available during the tour. The farms will be open from 9am to 6pm Saturday and Noon to 6pm Sunday. The participating farms produce a variety of products including fruits, wines, flowers pumpkins, honey, wool and meat. Special activities include hayrack rides, opportunities to sample and purchase farm fresh foods, educational tours, wine tastings and pick-your-own farms. A $10 pass provides carload entrance to all the farms for the entire weekend, so the biggest challenge will be deciding which farms to visit!

Info and Tickets for the tour are available at www.kawvalleyfarmtour.org.

occur if the methylxanthine dose exceeds 40 mg per kilogram body weight. Early signs include agitation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, increased urination and elevated heart rate. These can progress to heart rhythm abnormalities, tremors, seizures, collapse and eventually death. Treatment consists of oral decontamination and supportive care.

Approximate methylxanthine content of chocolate products (mg/oz) Product

Theobromine

Caffeine

Cocoa powder

740

40

Baker’s chocolate (unsweetened)

400

120

Dark semisweet chocolate

140

20

Cocoa drink mix

135

15

Milk chocolate

50

6

White chocolate

0.25

0.85

Cocoa bean hull mulch

50 – 850

20 -100

darker. The phrase “Dark equals danger” is often used for chocolate exposure in dogs. Milk chocolate has much lower methylxanthine concentrations than darker varieties and white chocolate consists of cocoa butter, sugar and milk solids with very little cocoa solids. Methylxanthine poisoning has also been reported in dogs consuming cocoa hull mulch from landscapes. Mild to moderate problems will occur in dogs who consume an approximate dose of 20 to 40 mg of methylxanthines (theobromine + caffeine) per kilogram body weight. Life threatening signs

Experience local farms during the 13th Annual Kaw Valley Farm Tour

Enjoy chocolate yourself but be sure to keep it away from both dogs and cats. Cocoa hull mulch should not be used in landscapes where dogs with indiscriminant eating habits reside. Phil Roudebush is a retired veterinarian, specialist in small animal internal medicine and adjunct faculty member in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Kansas State University. He is an Extension Master Gardener in Shawnee County, Kan., residing in North Carolina. He can be reached at philroudebush@gmail.com.

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The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

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Tips for Gardening on a Budget If you’re trying to make the most of your gardening budget, CHELSEA DIDDE RICE shares her ideas.

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trapped for cash but dreaming of a garden full of fresh veggies or vibrant flowers? Here are 10 tips and tricks you can use now or next spring to have a great garden on a budget. Snag some free mulch Many cities will provide free mulch to residents, made from storm debris or Christmas trees. Call or email your local city office and ask! Mulch not only keeps plants’ roots cooler in our sweltering Kansas City summers, but it helps plants conserve water which means you have to water less, thus saving money. Check out the seed library Some libraries, like Kansas City’s own Irene H. Ruiz branch, have seed libraries which offer

patrons free flower and vegetable seeds, as well as other helpful resources to guide gardeners of all skill levels. To obtain seeds, all you need is a valid Kansas City Public Library card (and you don’t have to be a KCMO resident to get one). As the plant reaches maturity at the end of its growing season, follow the directions for collecting and preserving seeds, and return them to the branch. This helps re-stock the seed library for the next season. Share with friends It’s human nature to want those around us to adopt our hobbies. Gardeners want to create more gardeners! So if you know a more experienced gardener, feel free to ask for divisions or cuttings of their existing plants. Even better? Offer to trade plants for time spent weed-

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October 2017 | kcgmag.com

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Browse the sale carts Check the sale carts at local garden centers. I’ve found awesome deals on plants that were almost as good-looking as the plants they were selling for full retail price. A little diluted fertilizer, dappled shade, some TLC for two weeks and voila! Good as new.

ing their garden. NOBODY can say “no” to that! Use household items creatively Think outside of the box and give used items a new life. Old t-shirts cut into thin strips become plant ties to secure branches or vines to a trellis. Disposable plastic drinking cups (with holes poked in the bottom) make perfect seed starting pots. Coffee filters succeed at keeping soil from falling out of the large hole in the bottom of a flower pot while still allowing water to drain. Read up on city grant programs Some cities in Kansas and Missouri will pay for a portion of your native landscaping or rain barrel project because of the stormwater management benefits they provide. Check with your local city government before starting a project, and keep your receipts. The fine city of Overland Park paid for half of my rain barrel. Thanks, OP! Keep your leaves Leaves are friends, not trash. Play in them with your dog and kids, then shred them, mow them, compost them, or mulch with them. When the leaves begin to break down and become something called “leaf mold,” they can hold up to 500 times their weight in water. On top of the moisture retention benefits, they’re great at loosening up our heavy clay soil. If you absolutely MUST get rid of your leaves, please use a paper lawn waste bag so they’re composted properly and not added to the landfill.

Shop garage sales Garage sales often happen as the seasons change, like spring and fall. Snag a steeply-discounted rake here, a slightly-worn shovel there, and all of the sudden, you have a full arsenal of garden tools! Save seeds If the seeds you plant this year aren’t protected by a patent (information usually found on the seed packet), you can save seeds for next year from this year’s fruit! Seed saving tutorials can be found via Google, YouTube or library books. Stop by the coffee shop Starbucks has a national initiative called “Grounds for Your Garden” where employees package up used coffee grounds and leave them in a bucket near the front door for customers to take, free of charge. Local coffee shops often offer the same deal if you call ahead and ask! Coffee grounds are rich in nitrogen and will kick your compost pile (or even just your garden soil) into high gear, especially when combined with carbon sources like leaves. No need for those fancy compost tumblers, either. Just make a three-foot-wide circle with chicken wire, stake it in place and fill it up! Gardening can be as expensive or inexpensive as you make it, and a little creativity often saves you cash. So get out there and plant some green while saving some green! When Chelsea Didde Rice isn’t at work as a communications specialist, she’s an avid gardener who enjoys teaching young and old how easy it can be to garden.


Garden Faire brings you the chance to better get acquainted with some of the affiliate organizations of Gardeners Connect and perhaps buy a plant or other item from them. These affiliate organizations plan to be at Garden Faire: Bonsai Society of Greater Kansas City

Orchid Society of Greater Kansas City

Greater Kansas City Herb Study Group

Kansas City Cactus and Succulent Society Kansas City Ikebana Group

Heart of America Gesneriad Society

Horticultural Showcase & Boutique

Kansas City Garden Club

Mo-Kan Daylily Society

KC Carnivorous Plant Society

Greater Kansas City Iris Society

Mid-America Begonia Society Sho-Me African Violets

Join us for two programs at Garden 9:30 a.m. — The Art of Bonsai

Faire

11:30 a.m. — New Twists on Ikebana

Shop and Explore Two Events at Loose Park 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 28 Loose Park Garden Center

Check out these distinctive lilies and other interesting bulbs at

GardenersConnect.org. Order online and pick up your bulbs downstairs in the Loose Park Garden Center from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Saturday, Oct. 28, or just come shop that day.

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CobraHead cultivators, long handled and short handled. Come check out what some Gardeners Connect board members say is the best garden tool ever.

Presented by Thank you to The Kansas City Gardener for being a sponsor of Garden Faire.

The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

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October 2017 | kcgmag.com


Editor’s Choice Viburnum ‘Allegheny’ attractive and functional

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hen we moved to Kansas more than 22 years ago, our little piece of paradise included a sizeable backyard. With four children and a dog, that feature was a must. It was fenced, even better. It was a dated chain link fence, only three feet tall, unattractive yet practical. That is until the dog learned to jump the fence. All of this paired with our want for more privacy, it was time for action. Rather than install new fencing, that can be rather pricey, we decided to use plants as a natural barrier. Local garden center professionals offered plenty of suggestions, taking into consider the planting site, sun/shade conditions, and plant maturity. Their expertise was invaluable. When it was all said and done, ‘Allegheny’ Viburnum rhytidophyllum was our choice. Attractive, dense upright grower that makes a great hedge, screen or windbreak. Perfect! ‘Allegheny’ features slender, oblong, and beautifully textured leaves that are deep green forming a dense shrub. In our area, it is considered semi-evergreen. When winter is harsh, the leaves become unsightly. For my garden, that adds to the natural forest look of the backyard. This viburnum isn’t particular about soil type, although it must be well draining for best performance. When selecting a site, keep in mind mature size. These beauties need room to grow. Light needs are simple: sun to part shade, making viburnum versatile in any landscape. Ours are

tion. Flowering will occur whether or not pollination occurs. Here’s another point to discuss with your local expert. The Viburnum category, or genus, contains over 150 species of viburnums. Fortunately, a horticulture professional at a nursery pointed out the ones that do well in our area. This utility shrub is readily available at local nurseries and garden centers. ‘Allegheny’ Viburnum has reached its mature height and no special care was required once established. Easy to grow–I like that! I highly recommend this viburnum. planted in full sun and perform quite well. Although ‘Allegheny’ is drought tolerant, consistent watering is essential for the first season. Deep, regular watering helps to establish an extensive root system. Taper off watering once established. Using this plant as a privacy screen, we were pleased to witness how quick ‘Allegheny’ reached a mature 8 to 10 feet tall and wide. Pruning wasn’t needed until the viburnum reached the power lines. A bit of control was required. In the spring, flat cymes that are creamy white appear. Let’s pause here for a Vocab Moment: This was a new word for me. For those gardeners who, like me, are unfamiliar with those botanical details, here is the definition of cymes, compliments of thefreedictionary.com: “cyme. n. A usually flat-topped or convex flow-

er cluster in which the main axis and each branch end in a flower that opens before the flowers below or to the side of it.” (Learning something new is a highlight in my day, and perhaps this has helped you too.) The flowers are abundant in spring. When ours bloom, on 8-foot tall shrubs, it is an impressive display. When late summer comes, bright red berries appear maturing to black just in time for feeding backyard birds. Such a delight to see birds use the shrubs as playground and habitat. Luring birds while growing fences. Some say the spring flowers are the main feature of ‘Allegheny’. On the contrary, the fruit is just as showy. As a general rule of thumb, viburnums are not self-fertile. This means that you need two compatible plants to cross-pollinate to receive the maximum fruit produc-

NOTEWORTHY ‘Allegheny’ Viburnum Zones: 5-8 Foliage: semi-deciduous, oblong, textured Growth rate: vigorous Bloom time: April–May Color: creamy white Fruit: showy Attracts: birds Height: 8-10 ft. Light: full sun/part shade Spread width: 8-10 ft. Water needs: average

The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

17


The tree of poets and songwriters JENNIFER SLUSHER reviews the mighty Bur Oak, its characteristics and qualities you’ll want in your landscape.

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hen consulting customers about landscape design, this question invariably comes up: “What tree should we plant to shade our yard?” In most cases, my answer is, “Plant a Bur Oak.” Of course, what comes next is, “But I want to see it full size and enjoy it before I die.” My answer, “Then plant a maple here and an oak for all of your grandchildren over there.” While those words are coming from my mouth, my mind is reciting an old Greek proverb: Society grows great when old men plant trees whose shade they know they will never sit in. Let’s take a look at this terrific tree. The mighty Bur Oak (Quercus macrocarpa) is a deciduous tree native to the Midwest. At maturity, it can grow to 60-80 feet with a spread to match. This tree is massive and lives a long time. When considering one for your landscape, keep its mature size in mind. The strong, majestic Bur Oak needs plenty of room to grow. With bark that is gray and rugged, Bur Oak has round lobed leaves that measure up to six inches long, and are colored a beautiful glossy green. The distinctive

acorns, partially covered by fringed cups, are the largest of any North American oak. It is a low maintenance tree that can tolerate drought, clay soil and dry soil. Its tasty acorns are a great food source for wildlife, and its suggested use is as a shade tree. More positive points of this large oak tree are that it adds property value to your home, as well as shades and cuts costs in cooling your home when it’s hot. It fights air pollution and is an amazing lumber that has been used in building for centuries.

These qualities are surely what inspire the creation of songs and poems, not to mention pictures in our own heads as we hear quotes about nature. Now, think of song lyrics that mention oak trees. How about Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree by Tony Orlando. The Way I feel by Gordon LIghtfoot mentions “A tall Oak tree alone and cryin” Story of an Oak Tree by Yoko Ono. Perry Como sings of “the Oak tree strong” in Only One. There are hundreds of artists that sing of this tree; Emmylou Harris, Papa Roach, Joan Baez. It has countless references in recent country music songs. Let’s not forget the Oak Ridge Boys.

Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote “The creation of a thousand forests is in one acorn.” Another favorite is by Johnny Ray Ryder Jr., “But still the oak tree held its ground while other trees fell all around.” Maybe these creative examples will persuade you on the worth of this beautiful shade tree, and the Bur Oak as just one choice of over 100 white oaks. Perhaps you’ve been inspired to plant a tree and grow great societies. Jennifer Slusher, Certified Arborist and Landscape Maintenance Manager at Lightning Landscape and Irrigation, serving the Kansas City metro.

Heartland Peony Society presents

Our Biggest Sale Ever Saturday, October 7

10:00 am to 3:00 pm (or until sold out) Location:

First Lutheran Church, 6400 State Line Rd., Lower Level, Mission Hills, Kan. 66208 We will have an extensive selection of choice, hard-to-find colors, Japanese trees, and a wonderful selection of Herbaceous and Intersectional peonies.

“The Year of Bartzella” Don’t miss this sought-after yellow beauty. 18

October 2017 | kcgmag.com


Abundant Calendula Passionate about herbs, DIANA PAR-DUE reminds gardeners about the medicinal benefits of calendula.

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right and cheery flowers are always welcome in gardens but calendula plays double duty. Not only does it have colorful booms but medicinal qualities and works wonderfully as cut flowers as well.

Calendula Growing calendula could not be easier. If you’re buying a seedling from the garden store or farmers market, just simply plant it in nearly any soil condition and it will thrive. Drought resistant and hardy, it produces endless blooms all summer and fall. If you allow the flowers to complete their cycle it drops seeds and though it is an annual in our hardiness zone (zone 6) it reseeds abundantly. There are

many colors but the most common is orange which can add a nice pop of radiant gold amongst the foliage of your garden. If you’re up for a little effort, using calendula medicinally has many perks. The blooms can be dried and infused into salves, brewed into teas or extracted in tinctures. The benefits of the salve are healing and anti-viral anti-microbial properties for cuts, scrapes and burns or as a cream to treat dermatitis, stretch marks or even as a nipple cream for breastfeeding women. (Shenefelt, 2011). Using dried flowers to brew a tea can aid in menstrual cramps an aid digestion. Tinctures can be used on the skin as a stringent or toner but also added to a relaxing bath for soothing anti-inflammatory benefits. Calendula is also a nutrient food filled with carotenoids and flavonoids which is also a delicious additive to salads or sandwiches. Simply pluck the petals off and sprinkle them over foods for beauty, a peppery flavor and healthy antioxidants. This well-rounded herb can grow well in pots and in the ground which is one of the many reasons to include it in your herb garden next season. Pick up some seeds and sprinkle them around in late fall for spring or grab a seedling from your local garden store and enjoy the long-lasting blooms.

Cited Sources: Shenefelt PD. Herbal Treatment for Dermatologic Disorders. In: Benzie IFF, Wachtel-Galor S, editors. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press/Taylor & Francis; 2011. Chapter 18. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ books/NBK92761/

Diana Par-Due is an avid gardener who, when not raising children, raises plants. She dreams of beekeeping and chickens in hopes that one day her town makes it legal. Until then, she spends her time writing, reading, and studying as a mature student at a local college and making garden plans she never actually keeps.

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816-523-1760 • 74th & Prospect, Kansas City, MO The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

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Remedy to Rid Honeysuckle

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iven the choice between keeping large invasive, non-native bush honeysuckle shrubs (Lonicera maackii) to screen an ugly view or replacing them, homeowners often choose to keep the honeysuckle. The thought of living with an ugly (or noisy) view for a few years while waiting for a replacement to fill in can be a bitter pill to swallow. So here is a remedy to help you take a step in the right direction. You don’t have to remove all the honeysuckle at once, replace 10 to 20 percent of it instead. In subsequent years, repeat the process until the job is done. This may be the way to go if you have a lot of them, but will be helpful even if you have five or six. You shouldn’t have to give up much view each year and

you will be amazed how painless the process can be. How does it work? Fall and winter are great times to begin identifying and cutting down large honeysuckle shrubs. In October and November honeysuckle leaves turn light yellow and plants have bright red berries. Leaves are arranged in pairs on either side of the stem (called opposite). Also, branches bigger than a half-inch have vertically striped bark. This is a great time to scout for plants big and small. Mark them with colorful ribbon or flagging tape so you can come back to them when they

Fall into Feeding

are bare twigs and look much like other shrubs in the woods. Other native shrubs that look somewhat similar in winter include spicebush (Lindera benzoin), deciduous holly (Ilex decidua), gum bumelia (Sideroxylon lanuginosum), hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana), and roughleaved dogwood (Cornus drummondii). Mark these with a different color ribbon and do not cut them down. Once you have plants identified and marked, it is time to begin removing some of them. Start at the edge of the patch. You will need a very sharp hand or chain saw. Dull blades will make the work miserable, so start with new or newly sharpened equipment. For plants with stems two inches or larger, begin cutting the branches at shoulder height. You may need to cut these “tip” branches smaller for easy handling or removal. Next cut the lower “trunks” at ground level and remove the stems. They will resprout next spring, but will be easily cut back with hand pruners. If you continually remove the resprouts, they will eventually die. This method works when you are removing just a few shrubs. To avoid resprout altogether, either dig out the stumps by hand or

Photos by Scott Woodbury.

SCOTT WOODBURY details a remedy for eradicating invasive, non-native bush honeysuckle.

Bush Honeysuckle remove with a stump grinder (for rent or hire). If you prefer using herbicides, spray the fresh-cut stumps immediately (within 60 seconds) following initial cutting with a 10 percent concentration of glyphosate (Roundup® or similar) or an 8 per cent concentration of triclopyr (Brush-Be-Gone or similar). The best time to do this is in fall. Next best time is in winter when temperatures are above freezing. Third best is any other time. Expect some resprout when not cutting in fall. If this happens, spray a 2 to 3 percent concentration of glyphosate on resprouted stems in spring or summer when they are 6 to 12 inches tall.

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Honeysuckle Spring is the best time to replant, and September is the next best time. Replacing a honeysuckle screen quickly involves selecting the right species, using a larger size plant, planting in good soil, mulching, and watering regularly. The best native shrubs for screening in part shade or at the edge of the woods include rough-leaved dogwood (Cornus drummondii), hazelnut (Corylus americana), bladdernut (Staphylia trifoliata), and wild hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens). See the Resource Guide at www.grownative.org for suppliers of native trees and shrubs. Keep in mind that very few plants grow as densely as bush honeysuckle in heavy shade, so limbing up and thinning canopy trees will improve shrub density and screening potential. Trim canopy trees before installing replace-

ment shrubs. Select the biggest plants you can afford, but keep in mind that small seedlings grow surprisingly fast in good soil. If your soil is heavy clay or compacted from construction, loosen by digging and turning with a shovel. Then add and till in compost or a combination of good quality topsoil and compost. Increasing the soil elevation with added topsoil adds some cost but will increase the height of your screen and will improve growth rate when soils are very poor. Add mycorrhizal fungi whenever you plant to improve plant vigor especially when leaves are slightly yellow. They can be purchased at most garden centers in a powder form, which is mixed in the soil around the planting ball when planting. This really makes a difference in plant health (fuller, greener leaves) and growth (faster rate). Mulch 2 to 3 inches deep and water regularly (once a week for an hour or two) when it doesn’t rain. So what are you waiting for? Here is your spoonful of sugar: go slowly with honeysuckle removal. Remove and replace bush honeysuckle a couple at a time, if that suits you, and in a few years you will begin to see results in the most delightful way. Horticulturist Scott Woodbury is the Curator of the Whitmire Wildflower Garden at Shaw Nature Reserve in Gray Summit, MO. He also is an advisor to the Missouri Prairie Foundation’s Grow Native! program. Find suppliers of native shrubs and trees at www.grownative.org, Resource Guide.

SPEAKERS’ BUREAU Need a speaker for your church, civic group or garden club? The Johnson County Extension Speakers’ Bureau have the speakers you are looking for on just about any topic like environmentally safe lawn care, or perennial flower gardening. We can adapt to meet your group’s needs, from a short 20minute presentation to a longer format, if needed. While there are no fees for a volunteer speaker, a donation to Extension or the chosen volunteer organization is appreciated. To schedule a speaker for your group, please contact the office. For more information on this service, call 913-715-7000.

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The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

21


Photos courtesy of Jim Earnest.

Spring: Tulip poplar flower

Summer: Tulip poplar fruit and leaves

By Jim Earnest

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WATER’S EDGE

Winter: Tulip poplar seed

Tulip Poplar a Tree for All Seasons

he tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) provides us something special throughout each season of the year. Flowers in spring, distinctive leaves and fruits during the summer, beautiful color in the fall and lingering seed clusters throughout winter, all create beauty and interest. The flowers appear from April to June and are spectacular.

22

Fall: Tulip poplar color

I was playing golf one day last spring and noticed a small branch with flowers, had fallen to the ground off of a tulip poplar. The flower was shaped like a tulip. The petals were a light green to yellow color with splotches of orange at their base. Yellow anthers (pollenbearing male part of the flower) surrounded a central cone of pistils (the female part of the flower). This

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was a rare opportunity, as the flowers are usually high up in the top of the tree and difficult to see from the ground. The flowers are not only attractive to humans, but also to bees, beetles and other insects that are needed to pollinate them. In the summer, the central core of the flower matures to a green fruit, and can be seen amongst the distinctive lustrous green leaves, which also resemble the shape of a tulip. The green fruit then turns into a tan woody cluster of winged seeds that remain visible throughout the winter months. The seeds are gradually dispersed by the wind, leaving behind a woody core. In the fall the leaves turn a reliable rich and beautiful yellow color. Even though the common name of the tree is tulip poplar, the tree is not in the poplar family but rather a member of the magnolia family. Other names include tuliptree, yellow poplar, tulip magnolia and whitewood. The tulip poplar tree has a rich American history, having been a favorite of

George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. One of the trees planted by Washington at Mount Vernon in 1785 still stands, as do some of the trees planted by Jefferson at Monticello, attesting to the long life span of the tree. The tuliptree grows rapidly, reaching a height of 80 feet or more and a trunk diameter of 5 feet. The leaves of the tree are suspended by a long stem (petiole) and flutter in the wind, like true poplars, perhaps leading to its tulip poplar name. The winged seeds of the tree provide food for birds, as well as small mammals. The light and soft wood of the tree is used in making musical instruments, canoes, furniture, broom handles and crates. The tulip poplar is one of our most interesting and historic American trees. Jim Earnest, member, Kansas Native Plant Society, and Education Committee, Overland Park Arboretum and Botanical Gardens, can be reached at jbemd00@gmail. com.

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FREE Programs offered by MDC The Missouri Department of Conservation has implemented a new online event management system where you will be able to sign up for any event that requires registration. Simply visit https://mdc.mo.gov/mdc-events to create your profile and get started. Burr Oak Woods Conservation Nature Center 1401 NW Park Road, Blue Springs, MO 64015 816-228-3766 For more information, about these events, email burr.oak@mdc.mo.gov

Anita B Gorman Discovery Center 4750 Troost Avenue, Kansas City, MO 64110 816-759-7300 For more information about these events, email discoverycenter@mdc.mo.gov

SPECIAL EVENT What was I scared of? Oct 7 ∙ Saturday ∙ 3:30-9:15 PM (last tour at 8:30 PM) Registration required. Call 816-228-3766 (all ages) “Well, I was walking in the night and saw nothing scary. For I have never been afraid of anything. Not very. Then deep within the woods, suddenly, I spied them. I saw a pair of pale green pants with nobody inside them!” (Dr. Seuss) Join us for an unforgettable evening out on the trail as the tales and characters of Dr. Seuss come to life and help us to get to know some of the strange creatures that call Burr Oak Woods home. (Trail tours scheduled every 15 minutes and lasting 45 minutes with the last tour departing at 8:30 p.m.)

Nature Nuts Storytime Oct 7 ∙ Saturday ∙ 10–11 AM, 11 AM–Noon or 1–2 PM Walk-in (ages 3-8; all welcome) Join volunteer naturalists for a fantastic journey through forests, streams and other magical places as they read select books. Children will participate in a hands-on nature activity.

Missouri’s Creepiest Residents Oct 14 ∙ Saturday ∙ 1-3 PM Registration required. Call 816-228-3766 (families) Join us for an afternoon of fun and learning as we take a look into the world of a few Missouri animals that many find creepy. If we take the time to get to know them, we will discover the important role that each plays in nature.

SPECIAL EVENT HOWLoween IV Oct 20 ∙ Friday ∙ 6-9 PM Walk-in (all ages) HOWLoween is back and we want you to join the fun! Discovering nature’s creepy creatures is just part of the nighttime fun. Take a hike on the Wild Side Walk to get up close with some of Missouri’s nocturnal wildlife. Kids will have a howling good time exploring nature stations like Track or Treat, The Bone Yard, The Bat Cave and much more. It will be a howling fun, free and unforgettable event for the entire family.

Soup & Fable Oct 19 ∙ Thursday ∙ 6-8 PM Registration required. Call 816-228-3766 (adults) The autumn leaves and the boundless stars will be our only canopy during this unforgettable dining experience as we savor the bounty of a wild autumn harvest, sip warm and wild native teas, and then sit back with a wild edible dessert to listen to tales around the campfire. Sensory Nature Walk Oct 21 ∙ Saturday ∙ 1-2:30 PM No registration required (all ages) Challenge yourself to explore nature in a different way. Join a naturalist as we set off on a sensory nature walk that will use all five of our senses; touch, smell, sight, sound and taste.

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23


Winter is Coming – Is your pond ready DIANE SWAN presents a checklist of seven simple steps to a successful pond and healthy fish in the spring.

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If your hardy lilies are sitting on a 16” shelf or lower, they can stay where they are. Trim back the foliage as you would a lotus. Marginals need several inches of water depth above the pot. In most cases, they can stay where they are. If in doubt, lower them one shelf down. Plants along the edges of your stream get a haircut, but are left in place. Tropical lilies and marginals will not overwinter in the pond. Discard them or bring them into the house in a decorative pot that holds water. Alternatively, tropical lilies have bulbs that you can store in damp sand for the winter. Floaters are strictly annuals, so toss them out.

nce again summer has slipped by at lightning speed. We wait for it… then it’s gone! Fall is fast approaching with winter right behind. Steps to get your pond ready now will directly affect the water’s health and the welfare of your fish this winter. Follow these steps and you will reap the rewards of happy fish and healthy water. Step One: Aquatic plants naturally will start dying back as the weather gets cooler. Deadheading prevents debris from sinking to the pond’s bottom. Lotus are one of the first to start yellowing. Trim off the stems about 1-2” above ground level. Then lower the lotus to the bottom of the pond to prevent the tubers from freezing.

Step Two: Leaf nets prove their value in the fall when leaves start

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October 2017 | kcgmag.com

dropping by keeping them out of the pond. Note, when deciding to put your leaf net on, it’s a good idea to do it after trimming so you will not have to remove the net to trim. Step Three: Fish and aeration. Oxygen is vital to your fish’s health. Fish need lighter, easier to digest nutrients in the early fall, such as a spring/fall diet fish food. It helps fish adjust from summer to winter, and keeps them strong through the winter. Early fall is an opportunity to feed your fish a little extra. But, when water temperatures drop below 55 degrees it’s time to stop feeding fish until spring. Fish go through winter in a semi-hibernation state and do not need food. The fish still need plenty of oxygen, which is easily provided by an aerator. Move the aerator’s air stones to the pond’s upper shelf, this will aid in keeping a hole in the ice. This will also protect the thermal area at the bottom of your pond where the fish stay. The decaying process in the pond promotes fungus growth. Fungi release toxic gases that can harm or even kill fish if trapped under the ice. Bubbles from the aerator carry the gases out through the hole maintained in the ice at the pond’s surface. Floating de-icers also aid in keeping an air hole in the ice. But you usually don’t need both. They are thermostatically controlled, so they only run when needed. De-icers are designed to leave an air hole in the ice, not to heat the pond. Step Four: Autumn Prep is an important product that supports your pond’s ecosystem. Beneficial bacteria used in the summer will

not survive cold water temperatures. Autumn Prep’s cold water bacteria feeds on dead leaves and organic sediment. It supports a healthy immune system for your fish in an easy once a month application. Step Five: Fall algae blooms. Studies show that barley extract works in cold water to hamper the growth of algae. Pond Balance is another great product. Do regular monthly treatments to get results. Step Six: Before the first frost, take and rinse out your filters. Rarely do you need to repeat filter cleaning during winter months. All other times of the year, you would clean your filter only when the waterfalls slow down. Step Seven: Night lighting, watch for next month’s issue. By taking a little time to prepare, you’ll gain the reward of a better looking, healthier pond. Once the fish go into their semihibernation state, they will enjoy a little quiet time and be healthier for it in the spring. Count down your steps, and marvel at how simple it is set your pond up for success this winter. Kevin and Diane Swan own Swan’s Water Gardens, a full service water garden center. See their website www.swanswatergardens. com. You may contact them at 913837-3510.


Birdscaping, gardening to attract birds Gardening for the birds. ED REESE illustrates how to include plants in the landscape that benefit birds.

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hat is birdscaping? It’s gardening for the birds! No pun intended. Birdscaping is the planning and working on projects that will move a landscape toward a more natural environment and one that will entice birds into that space. The best part of birdscaping is that you can plan and work on projects that will cover the basic needs of birds, year round. Fall is a great time to start too. Before going further, let’s review bird basics. Birds require cover, food, a nesting area and water. Birds also crave and will go to natural sources of food, before going to other available foods. Having plants that provide natural foods is great place to start a birdscape. There are also two types of birds enjoyed in this area, migratory birds, and the ones that stay year round. Hummingbirds, Orioles, and Summer Tanagers are good examples of migratory birds usually arriving in mid-March and staying until mid-September. The other type, are the ones that stay year around. Examples of those are; Cardinals, House and Goldfinches, Chickadees, Nuthatches and Woodpeckers. Birds that are here all year primarily do so to keep their stake on territory. Planting perennials, shrubs, and trees to provide cover and food will certainly be a plus for birds watching over their space.

Cedar Waxwing savoring serviceberry. While it might be difficult to find plants that will bring all the birds you might want to have on your landscape, there are native plants that provide favored natural foods for certain birds. Plants can also be categorized by the time of year they flower, fruit, and seed. Plant fruiting time typically takes place during three periods, late spring to mid-summer, late summer into fall, and winter into early spring. Plants providing fruit or seed through the winter are essential, since most other natural food sources are usually exhausted. On the question of non-native plants, care needs to be taken because birds will vector non-native seed to other areas, especially when those nonnatives may be invasive. Russian olive, and Japanese Honeysuckle to name two, are species that you might want to avoid. Non-native

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In considering your Birdscape, you’ll need to first decide whether you’ll implement a plan that trends toward a complete natural look or one that works well with a full manicured look. This might well depend on exactly how much space is available. When you’re ready, visit with a local garden center professional with assistance in choosing the right plant for the right location. For additional information, visit the Extension office in your area: Missouri (extension.missouri.edu) and Kansas (ksre.ksu.edu). Ed and Karen Reese own and operate the Wild Bird House in Overland Park. The store has been provisioning outdoor backyard bird lovers for over 26 years. Contact them at 913-341-0700.

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species like Firethorn aren’t invasive, and provide an attractive fruit not typically found by area birds. There’s a plethora of native plants/shrubs that provide a source of food for the three time periods. Here are a few that cover the respective fruiting periods. Oregon Grape Holly, and Northcountry Blueberry fruit in mid-summer. Blackhaw Viburnum and Shubert Chokeberry fruit in late summer. Flowering Crab, and Northern Bayberry produce fruit in the fall, and usually retain the fruit through winter. What about those mentioned migratory birds? Goldflame Honeysuckle is a great draw for hummingbirds. Serviceberries are great for Orioles and others, and make a fine addition to other plants providing fruit during mid to late-summer.

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powellgardens.org The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

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Invasives – Plants Gone Wild!

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why they are harmful and where they came from, as well as what we can do to stop the invasion

discussed will include Callery Pear (Pyrus calleryana) and Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) as well as other invasive species. Lynn Loughary has been an Extension agent for 12 years in Wyandotte County. She worked for DuPont Crop Protection Chemicals for 20 years. She guides Wyandotte County Master Gardeners in several of their projects as well as teaching the public to get the most out of their gardening hours. The talk begins at 6:30 p.m., Thurs., October 19, 2017 at the Kauffman Foundation Conference Center, 4801 Rockhill Rd., Kansas City, MO and is free and open to the public. For further information call (816) 665-4456, or see the Master Gardeners’ website at www. mggkc.org, our new blog at mggkcblog.wordpress.com, or the Master Gardeners of Greater Kansas City Facebook page.

he beautiful tree you bought at the nursery or the wonderful plant your neighbor gave you may not be the best plant for your yard. Invasive species are everywhere. Perhaps it is the bamboo that has taken over your backyard or the honeysuckle that has completely swallowed your fence and is now heading toward the neighbor’s swing set. What can you do to stop the invasion? Join the Master Gardeners of Greater Kansas City as Lynn Loughary, Wyandotte County Horticulture Agent, talks about invasive species. She will explain why they are harmful and where they came from, as well as what we can do to stop the invasion. The presentation has many excellent slides with clear photos to help you identify and control non-native invasive plants and understand how they were introduced and why they are a threat to our landscape. Invasive plants

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places to go, things to do, people to see

Club Meetings African Violets of Greater Kansas City Tues, Oct 10, 6-8:30pm; at Loose Park Garden Center, 51st and Wornall, Kansas City, MO. Membership. 816513-8590 Bonner Springs Garden Club Tues, Oct 17, 1pm; at Bonner Springs Library Meeting Room, 201 N Nettleton, Bonner Springs. Merle Schneck, retired Leavenworth County Master Gardener will present a program on horticulture and vegetable gardening. He will also share his knowledge of using herbs in culinary creations. Everyone is welcome. For more information, contact bonnerspringsgardenclub@gmail.com. Garden Club of Shawnee Thurs, Oct 5, 7pm; at Old Shawnee Town Hall, 11600 Johnson Dr, Shawnee, KS. This month we will feature a slide show of photos from the gardens of club members. This will also be our fall plant, bulb, and seed exchange. As always, we will serve drinks and snacks, door prizes will be given away and guests are welcome. For more information about our club, visit gardenclubofshawnee.org or our Facebook page. Greater Kansas City Bonsai Society Sat, Oct 14, 9am-noon; at Loose Park Garden Center, 51st and Wornall, Kansas City, MO. Workshop. 816513-8590

We have nets in many sizes, fall food for your fish, deicers and air pumps.

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Upcoming Garden Events

Greater Kansas City Dahlia Society Sun, Oct 15, 1-3pm; at Loose Park Garden Center, 51st & Wornall, Kansas City, MO. Memebership. 816513-8590 Greater KC Herb Study Group Wed, Oct 11, Noon; at Rose room of Loose Park Garden Center, 52nd & Wornall, Kansas City, MO 64112. Tentative Program: Civil War Herbs; John Wornall House will present a program on herbs and their uses during the Civil War. Program note: all programs are subject to changes, call if you are coming for this topic specifically. Lunch: Potluck: Forager’s Feast theme. If you have knowledge of wild edibles, bring a dish that includes them. Otherwise bring your favorite fall dish. Facebook: check us out at Greater Kansas City Herb Study Group. Friends and visitors are always

welcome. Questions: call Nancy at 816-478-1640. KC Cactus and Succulent Society Sun, Oct 15, 1:30-4pm; at the Loose Park Garden Center, 51st St and Wornall Rd, Kansas City, MO. This will be our annual plant exchange, which is a fun way to add variety to your collection. Visitors are welcome to attend and to participate in the plant exchange. For more information, call 816-513-8590. Kansas City Garden Club Mon, Oct 2, 10am; at Loose Park Garden Center, 5200 Pennsylvania, Kansas City, MO 64112. Program by Julie Perez, club member and Master Gardener on “Best Highly Recommended Sun and Shade Plants to Achieve That ‘Wow’ Factor”. Julie will go into detail with photos about what plant varieties shine in Kansas City, and why they are chosen as winners. Bring a bag lunch and join us for drinks and dessert after the meeting. 913-341-7555 Kaw Valley Herbs Study Group Tues, Nov 14, 7pm; meet near Lawrence. We meet bi-monthly to learn about herbs. We explore all aspects of an herb: growing and harvesting, historical lore, culinary virtues, medicinal merits, and aromatherapy, household, and cosmetic applications. Our gatherings are fun and educational, and jam-packed with useful information, including relevant demonstrations. We meet every 2nd Tuesday in Jan-MarMay-Jul-Sept-Nov. Everyone with an interest in herbs is welcome. For more info and to RSVP, email herbstudygroup@gmail.com Leavenworth County Master Gardeners Wed, Oct 14, 11am; at Riverfront Community Center, 123 Esplanade St, Leavenworth, KS 66048. Mikey Stafford and Pat Matthews, two Leavenworth Co Master Gardeners, will give a presentation about Fall Plantings. The meeting is free. Visitors are welcome. For more information contact Paula Darling at 913-240-4094. Leawood Garden Club Tues, Oct 24, 10:30am; at Cure’ Of Ars Catholic Church, 9401 Mission Rd, Leawood, KS 66206. Noon Program: ‘Backyard Habitat Water Features.” Nik Hiremath co-owner of Wild Birds Unlimited in Leawood will speak. Bring a sack lunch; beverages and


desserts will be provided. The meeting is open to all who have an interest in gardening. Guests are always welcome to attend. For more information, please call Mary at 913-642-0357 or email, Leawoodgardenclub@gmail.com. Lee’s Summit Garden Club Tues, Oct 10, 7-9pm; at Winterset Park Community Center, 2505 SW Wintercreek Dr, Lee’s Summit, MO 64081. Our program speaker will be Lori Findley from the Lee’s Summit Christian Church. Her topic will be “Community Welcome Garden”. Refreshments will be provided and visitors are always welcome. Visit our website www.leessummitgardenclub. org or call 816-540-4036 for additional information. MoKan Daylily Society Sun, Oct 1, 11:30am-2:30pm; at Loose Park Garden Center, 51st and Wornall, Kansas City, MO. Membership. 816513-8590 Northland Garden Club Tues, Oct 17, 7pm; at Sherwood Bible Church, 4900 N Norton, Kansas City, MO (just south and west of Penguin Park). This month the Northland Garden Club will have an outing to the Antioch Urban Growers, 2727 NE 44th St, with a tour and review of upcoming projects. Antioch Urban Growers is located just north of I-35 at N Antioch. Please check website for additional information: www.northlandgardenclub.com. Olathe Garden and Civic Club Thurs, Oct 19, 12:30pm; at the Johnson County Extension Office, Room 1060, Johnson County Office Building at 11811 S Sunset Dr, Olathe, KS 66061 (NW corner of 119th and Ridgeview). The program will be “Creative Culinary Herbs” presented by Master Food Volunteers. There will be a $20.00 fee for the luncheon. The public is welcome. Contact Debby Brewer at 913-764-3991 for further information. Overland Park Gardeners of America Mon, Oct 9, 7pm social, 7:30pm meeting; at Colonial Church, 71st & Mission Rd, Prairie Village, KS, Main Floor in the Heritage Rm. You love the magazine now come hear The Kansas City Gardener editor Elizabeth Cavanaugh tell us how it’s done each month. She will be speaking about the production of the magazine; as well as her experience in her home garden. Come learn more. Visitors of all ages are welcome. Questions, contact Karen Clark 785-224-7279. Sho Me African Violets Club Fri, Oct 13, 10:30am-2pm; at Loose Park Garden Center, 51st and Wornall, Kansas City, MO. Membership. 816513-8590

Water Garden Society of GKC Tues, Oct 17, doors open at 5:30 for snacks and socializing; at 2552 Gillham Rd, Kansas City, MO 64108, in a lower level classroom of Our Lady of Sorrows Church with free parking just outside the door. Our first speaker at 6:30pm from Made in the Shade, is Rob Mortko, aka, “The Hosta Guy”. Rob and his wife, Sheri have over 400 different varieties of Hosta on their Johnson County property. In 2000, they developed their own cultivar named “Heart & Soul”. Their newest Hosta is “Stitch in Time” and has been patented. Everything you ever wanted to know about Hostas but were afraid to ask, is the topic of his speech. At 7:30pm our featured speakers are Bennie Palmentere and Jeff Krupkowski from River Market Hydro. When they opened in 1992, they were the only hydroponics seller from Denver to St. Louis. Along with hydroponics, they offer their knowledge and expertise on aquaponics; a relatively new idea in growing vegetables and herbs. Who knows, maybe we will survive the “zombie apocalypse” if we are more self-sufficient. Tonight’s discussion will be an introduction to hydroponics and aquaponics. Books will also be available for purchase. All visitors are welcome.

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Events, Lectures & Classes October 10-Month Home Herbalism Course Good Earth Herb School’s Home Herbalism Course is a comprehensive, hands-on exploration of everything you need to know to be an effective home herbalist. Within 10 monthly classes, you will learn seasonally the best times and methods of planting, harvesting, preserving, storing and using many herbs. This course will provide you with experience working with herbs in practical, useful ways. You will make tinctures, oils, salves, infusions, decoctions, and a variety of other herbal preparations. Wild herb identification, wild food foraging, and some Aromatherapy will also be covered. Whether you are a beginner or a home herbalist wanting guidance in putting all the pieces together, this course will give you a practical foundation so you feel comfortable and confident growing and using herbs for yourself and your family every day. Just south of Lawrence. More info & enroll: GoodEarthHerbSchool.com (Register now, this course fills quickly) Advanced Beekeeping, Pests and Diseases Wed, Oct 4, 6:30-8:30pm; at Johnson County Community College, 12345 College Blvd, Overland Park, KS. Explore the greatest challenges in (continued on page 28)

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Fall feeding is one of the most critical feeding times. A healthy and stable plant can endure the hardship of winter better than a weak plant. Winterizer builds winter hardiness, stem strength and disease resistance in lawns, trees and shrubs.

www.fertilome.com Have a lawn and garden question for the Gard’n-Wise Guys? Go to Facebook and ask them your question. NOW AVAILABLE AT: Jacksons Greenhouse & Garden Center, Topeka v Doctors At the Lake, Lake of the Ozarks v Manns Lawn & Landscape, St. Joe v Gronis Hardware and Seed, Leavenworth v Clinton Parkway Nursery, Lawrence v Barnes Greenhouses, Trenton, MO v Soil Service Gdn. Center, Kansas City, MO v Loma Vista North, Kansas City, MO v Skinner Garden Store, Topeka v Full Features Nursery, Smithville v Springtime Garden Center, Lee’s Summit v Heartland Nursery, Kansas City, MO v Planter’s Seed, Kansas City, MO v Penrod’s Greenhouse, Kearney v North Star Garden Center, Liberty v Grimm’s Gardens, Atchison v Moffet Nursery, St. Joe v Suburban Lawn & Garden, Kansas City, MO

The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

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80 years helping people enjoy

Missouri’s Outdoors M

issouri Department of Conservation invites the public to help celebrate eight decades of science-based natural resource management at an open house Thursday, Oct. 26, at the Anita B. Gorman Discovery Center, 4750 Troost Ave. in Kansas City, MO. Activities will begin with tours of wildflowers, grasses and trees along the paths in the Discovery Center’s outdoor garden and classroom. The first tour begins at 5 p.m. and the second at 5:30 p.m. From 6 to 6:45 p.m., MDC Director Sara Parker Pauley and other speakers will make opening remarks. Visitors can tour exhibits, enjoy refreshments and visit with MDC staff from 6:45 to 8 p.m. Attendees are also encouraged to give feedback on MDC regulations, infrastructure, strategic priorties, and statewide and local conservation issues.

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October 2017 | kcgmag.com

(continued from page 27)

today’s beekeeping world. You will do an in-depth study and review of beekeeping diseases and pests. Learn how to identify pests and diseases in the early stages and the best practices for treatment alternatives. In addition, review new regulations and laws that impact our bees. Fee: $29. To enroll or to get more information please call 913-469-2323. Growing Great Garlic and Onions Fri, Oct 6, noon; at Kansas City Community Gardens, 6917 Kensington, Kansas City, MO 64132. Garlic and onions are the foundation of many recipes. They are some of the best crops to grow to donate because they store well. Join us to learn more and increase your harvest. FREE. Do let us know if you are coming. Reserve your seat at www. kccg.org/workshops or 816-931-3877.

Peony Sale-Our Biggest Sale Ever Sat, Oct 7, 10am-3pm (or until sold out) Location: First Lutheran Church, 6400 State Line Rd, Lower Level, Mission Hills, KS 66208. By the Heartland Peony Society. We will have an extensive selection of choice, hardto- find colors, Japanese trees, and a wonderful selection of Herbaceous and Intersectional peonies. “The Year of Bartzella” Don’t miss this sought-after yellow beauty.

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places to go, things to do, people to see

Rose Year in Review and Demonstration Sat, Oct 7, 10am-12:00pm; at Loose Park Rose Garden, 51st and Wornall, Kansas City, MO. Fall is upon us and so is the time to put roses to bed for the winter. In collaboration, the Kansas City Rose Society and the Kansas City Park and Recreation Department will present “A review of our year in the garden with a demonstration showing how to protect your roses for winter”. Please join us to learn how to treat roses for the winter. This class will be conducted by one of our foremost Rosarians, Judy Penner. Refreshments will be provided. 816513-8590

Nimble Is The Name Of The Game $

Upcoming Garden Events

Harvest Festival Oct 6 and 7; at Swan River Farms, 4385 W 247th St, Louisburg, KS. First Annual Harvest Festival! Come be a part of craft demonstrations and classes. Take home some specials during our end-of-season sale. Enjoy strolling the garden paths or resting near the sights and sounds of dancing water. Something for everyone to

enjoy! Keep tabs on the event including who’s going to be here, class schedules and registration, vendors, demonstrations, and activities on our Facebook event page at: http://tinyurl. com/srf-harvestfest. 913-837-3510 Honey Harvest Sat, Oct 14, 10am-noon; at 150 B NW Colbern Rd, Lee’s Summit MO 64086 (1/4 mile west of Douglas St or 1 mile east of MO Hwy 350). This is one of our most popular annual workshops offered by local beekeeper, Rick Drake. See honey harvested from a hive (you may be able to have a hands on experience). Get the buzz about beekeeping and take home a sample of this liquid gold. Reservation $15 per person (includes a sample jar of honey) $5 per person for observation only. Reservations can be made by leaving a voice mail at 816-769-0259, by email to gardens.unity@yahoo.com, or by visiting our Market Stand Saturday mornings. Fallfest and KCmade popup shop Sat, Oct 14, 9am-6pm; at Rolling Meadows Garden Center, 12501 W 151st St, Overland Park, KS 66062. Fallfest and KCmade popup shop, pumpkin painting for the kids, and light drinks and snacks provided. 913897-9500 Invasives–Plants Gone Wild Thurs, Oct 19, 6:30pm; at Kauffman Conference Center, 4801 Rockhill Rd, Kansas City, MO. Presented by Master Gardeners of Greater Kansas City, Lynn Loughary, Horticulture Extension Agent for Kansas State Extension and Research will discuss invasive non-native plants that consume wildlife habitat and compete with crops. Participants will learn the characteristics of the most common invasive plants in Missouri and why their management or control is important. Free and open to the public. No registration required. Door Prizes. For further information call 816-665-4456 or visit our website mggkc.org and browse Gardeners’ Gathering. African Violet Club of Greater Kansas City Show and Sale Sun, Oct 22, (ONLY, due to the Kansas City Marathon), 9am-3pm, at Loose Park Garden Center, 51st St and Wornall, Kansas City MO. There is NO ADMISSION FEE. Lily-palooza & Garden Faire Sat, Oct 28, 9am-1pm; at Loose Park Garden Center, 5200 Pennsylvania,


Kansas City, MO 64112 (located within Loose Park at 51st and Wornall). In this our eighth annual LilyPalooza, the annual fall bulb sale presented by Gardeners Connect we have put together a collection of lilies and other buried gems we are sure you will find spectacular additions to your own garden. LilyPalooza bulb selection is online for. This year we have 23 lilies including 3 martagons and 6 other buried gems bulbs, including daffodils, dutch iris and other selected bulbs. In addition we are offering a selection of lilies that are exclusive to the day of sale. You will have to hit the sale early for best selection. Once again we are teaming up Garden Faire with LilyPalooza which includes horticultural groups that are affiliated with Gardeners Connect promoting themselves and offering plants and other items for sale. Three reasons to order online: 1) Easy to order and then pick up your bulbs at Loose Park between 9am to 1pm on Sat, Oct 28. 2) Best Selection. We expect some of our bulbs, especially the martagon lilies and those in the Connoisseur Collection, to sell out, and the first ones to order and pay for their selections are most likely to get their heart’s content. 3) People ordering and paying online get a free bulb for every $25 in purchases. Spend $25 get 1 Bulb, spend $50 get 2 bulbs, spend $200 get 8 bulbs. You get the idea. We have selected a delectable variety named ‘Strawberry and Cream’. You will also be able to purchase ‘Strawberry and Cream’ separately as we know you will want a large group of them. www. gardenersconnect.org Midwestern Beekeepers Association Fall Beginning Beekeeping Class Sat, Oct 28, Registration will begin at 8am and the workshop will be 9am-4pm; at Fleming Park Meeting Hall, 21907 Woods Chapel Rd, Blue Springs, MO 64015. The featured presenter will be Robert Hughes of Jordy’s Honey. The Registration Fee is $55, which includes the class,

lunch, and a one-year membership to Midwestern Beekeepers Association. Beekeeping Suppliers will be on site. The class size is limited to 50 and you must be pre-registered. Registration is closed when class is filled or by Oct 21, 2017. To register, please visit Midwestern Beekeepers Association website at http://www.midwesternbeekeepers.org/ to download a registration form. For more information, please call Bob Williams at 816-331-6634 or Janice Britz at 816-419-1327.

November Gardeners Q&A: 2017 Edition Sat, Nov 4, 10:30am-12pm; at Anita B Gorman Conservation Discovery Center, 4750 Troost, Kansas City, MO 64110. This is your chance to get your gardening questions answered and hear about all the questions gardeners like you have. A panel of experts plan to answer our questions about gardening. The free program, presented by Gardeners Connect and open to everyone, is scheduled to start at 10:30 a.m. in the auditorium of the Discovery Center. Coffee and some treats will be served the half hour before the program in the Lewis and Clark Room. Everyone is welcome. The Local Food Movement: Then & Now Sat, Nov 11, 9am-12pm; at Johnson County Community College, 12345 College Blvd, Overland Park, KS. Did you know Johnson County’s leading industry once was dairy farming? Now JoCo is part of Kansas City’s active food and farmer movement. Explore our farming roots and discover the myriad of resources that connect us to our local food growers including farmers’ markets, farm to table, organic, urban and local trends. Learn about organizations collaborating to feed our city and the key programs that are training our next generation farmers and chefs. Fee: $39. To enroll or to get more information, call 913-469-2323.

Promote club meetings, classes, plant sales and other gardening events! Send details to: elizabeth@kcgmag.com Deadline for publishing in the November issue is October 5.

Happenings at Powell Gardens Introduction to Natural Dyes in Collaboration with the Kansas City Art Institute Saturday, October 7 | 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. This hands-on workshop, presented in collaboration with the Kansas City Art Institute’s Fiber Department and School of Professional and Continuing Studies will immerse participants in the long history of natural dyes and offer dye making techniques using locally grown plants. Visit powellgardens.org or call 816-697-2600 ext. 306 for more information. GLOW: Jack-o-Lantern Festival Friday and Saturday, October 20-21 | 6-10 p.m. A fall tradition at Powell Gardens, this seasonal evening festival features a walk through hundreds of beautifully carved and candlelit jack-o-lanterns on display in parts of the garden. Guests can enjoy hayrides, food vendors, hands-on family-friendly activities, live music, and more. Festival admission applies. Visit powellgardens.org/glow for details. Missouri Barn Dinner featuring Chef Carmen Cabia of El Tenedor in Collaboration with The Kansas City Star’s GastroClub Sunday, October 29 | 5-8 p.m. Powell Gardens’ Missouri Barn Dinner Series features exclusive evenings with unique menus created by talented chefs from Kansas City and the surrounding areas. This dinner is in collaboration with The Kansas City Star’s GastroClub featuring Chef Carmen Cabia of El Tenedor. Check our website for menu details. Visit powellgardens.org/dinners for more information.

Hotlines for Gardeners Extension Master Gardeners are ready to answer your gardening questions. Get your garden growing. CASS COUNTY

816-380-8460; Wed, 9am-noon

DOUGLAS COUNTY

785-843-7058; mastergardener@douglas-county.com; Mon-Fri, 1-4pm

GREATER KANSAS CITY MISSOURI AREA

816-833-8733 (TREE); Mon-Fri, 9am-noon; mggkc.hotline@gmail.com River Market, 105 E 5th St, KCMO, 1st and 3rd Sat, May-Sep, 8am-noon

JOHNSON COUNTY, KS

913-715-7050; Mon-Fri, 9am-4pm; garden.help@jocogov.org

JOHNSON COUNTY, MO

660-747-3193; Wed, 9am-noon

LEAVENWORTH COUNTY

913-364-5700; Apr 4 thru Sep 29, Mon 10am-1pm, Thurs 1-4pm

MIAMI COUNTY

913-294-4306; Thurs, 9am-noon

WYANDOTTE COUNTY

913-299-9300; Mon, Wed, Fri, 9am-4pm The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

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October

garden calendar

n LAWN

• Recommended mowing heights for bluegrass and tall fescue in the fall are 2 to 3 inches. • Core aerate if not already done to help loosen heavy clay soils and break down thatch. • Fertilize now if not already done so once this fall. • Dandelions, henbit and chickweed are easy to control in the fall, treat as needed. • Sharpen mower blade if it is not making a clean cut, or after every 10 hours of use. • Rake leaves as they fall to avoid winter suffocation on turf. • Mulch mow leaves back into the lawn as long as debris is not covering the surface. • Avoid raking leaves into the street to reduce water pollution. • Remove fallen leaves from the street by raking or mowing, do your part for clean water.

n FLOWERS

• Fall is an ideal time to plant tulips, daffodils and other spring flowering bulbs. • Clean up faded annuals. • Trim perennial stems to tidy garden and keep disease and insects in check. • Pot bulbs for winter forcing. • Dig tender bulbs such as gladiolus and cannas and store in a cool, dry place over winter. • Update the garden journal for successes and failures while fresh in your mind. • Take advantage of fall sales and plant new perennials. • Divide overgrown perennials.

n TREES AND SHRUBS

• Plant new trees and shrubs. • Water establishing plants over the winter during dry spells.

• Seedlings of trees and shrubs can be safely transplanted once dormant. • Prune damaged and dead wood from trees and shrubs. Avoid maintenance pruning until dormant. • Wrap the bases of young trees and shrubs to protect from rabbits. • Rake leaves and compost, or use as garden mulch. • Remove tree stakes if in place longer than one year.

n VEGETABLES AND FRUITS

• Store unused seeds in a cool, dry location. • Pick up, discard fallen fruit to reduce disease, insects for next year. • Fall planted garlic gets a jump over spring planted. • Dig sweet potatoes and cure for a week or two in a warm location then store for winter. • Harvest peanuts and roast. • Harvest apples and pears and store for winter use. • Store winter squash and pumpkins in a cool, dry place. • Prepare for next spring, till garden soil to help control insects and disease. • Make notes of successes and failures. • Soil test and make improvements.

n HOUSEPLANTS

• Begin long night treatments for poinsettia re-blooming. • Check plants for insects and treat as needed. • Wash dust from leaves by placing in a shower or wiping with a damp, soft cloth. • Reduce or stop fertilization over the winter months. • Keep plants away from hot and cold drafts of winter.

n MISCELLANEOUS

• Drain and store garden hoses and sprinklers for winter. • Spruce up the compost pile for winter by adding new materials promoting decomposition. • Clean, sharpen and oil garden tools for winter storage.

Johnson County K-State Research and Extension recommends environmentally-friendly gardening practices. This starts by identifying and monitoring problems. Cultural practices and controls are the best approach for a healthy garden. If needed, use physical, biological or chemical controls. Always consider the least toxic approach first. Dennis Patton is the horticulture agent for Johnson County K-State Research and Extension. For free information fact sheets, visit www.johnson.ksu.edu, or call the Extension office at 913-715-7000.

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30

October 2017 | kcgmag.com

FALL TREE & SHRUB SALE!

TOPSOIL • GARDEN MIXES BULK MULCH • FLAGSTONE WALLSTONE • BOULDERS RIVER GRAVEL • WATER GARDEN ROCK

913-681-2629 2 BLOCKS WEST OF US69 ON 199TH ST.

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Indoor/Outdoor gardening supplies • Organic Soils Hydroponic Supplies • Fertilizer • LED/HID grow lights

10% off Copperhead LEDs 816-421-1840 • 12 E Missouri Ave, Kansas City, MO Web: rivermarkethydro.com


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One of the greatest early-season thrills is seeing spring blooming flowers popping up their heads, possibly even through a late spring snow. As long as the ground is workable, you still have time to plant spring bulbs for beautiful bursts of brightly colored flowers heralding the long-awaited spring. Here are 10 favorite daffodils for your garden. Read the entire article at KCGMAG.COM.

Please enclose your check payable to The Kansas City Gardener and mail with this form to: P.O. Box 8725, Prairie Village, KS 66208 The Kansas City Gardener is published monthly Jan. through Dec.

Professional’s Corner

Noah Gustafson

General Manager, what does that entail: As the General Manager in a small family business, my role encompasses many things: scheduling, hiring, dry good purchasing, website maintenance, retail software tinkering, including assisting customers and staff.

general manager, Soil Service Garden Center

Fall focus at Soil Service: We have a great selection of fall plants for revitalizing flower beds or filling pots with color for fall. Soil Service specializes in fall lawn care. From seed and fertilizers to DIY lawn care programs; we also have a full-service landscape department. Fall is a great time to aerate and verticut your lawn. Our landscaping crew can do that as well as fall yard clean up. Favorite tree: Willows are one of my favorite plants. From my grandparents’ giant weeping willow (Salix babylonica) that I played under as a kid, to Dappled Willow (Salix integra ‘Hakuro Nishiki’) with its bright new growth, to the Arctic blue-leaf willow (Salix purpurea ‘Nana’, syn. S. f. gracilis) with its beautiful blue tint. I find willows fascinating for their ability to reproduce from just a simple cutting. Their wispy look is just so calming, the speed at which they grow is amazing and their ability to grow in wet soils speaks to their tenacity. Favorite garden destination: I fell in love with Loose Park Rose Garden after an internship with City of Kansas City Missouri Parks and Recreation. I appreciate the thought

that went into the design of the park, especially after taking classes in landscape design. What every gardener should know: Trial and error is the best way to learn. With micro-climates, sun/ shade requirements, soil composition preference differences with each plant, don’t be afraid to get your hands dirty (and maybe kill a few plants in the process). Experiment and learn what works for you. With houseplants I find it hard to grow cacti because they don’t give me enough feedback (or I just don’t see the subtle signs). They seemingly up and die on me. I have great results with peace lilies, calathea and pothos because as soon as I neglect watering, they droop. Then I water and they bounce back as good as new. In your spare time: With three young kids, I spend a lot of time outside playing and visiting with neighbors. I enjoy working in my yard and helping my wife, Courtney, with our raised bed garden and projects around our house. Wood working interests me too. Contact information: 7130 Troost Ave., Kansas City, MO 64131; 816-444-3403; www.soilservice.com; noahg@soilservice.com

The Kansas City Gardener | October 2017

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Fall Color

SALE $10.99

SALE $9.99

Plant It Now

SALE $9.99

Fall Clean-Up Specials

Tree & Shrub Sale

*

• 22” Steel Rake | REG. - $14.99 • 2PK Lever Metal Nozzle REG. - $21.99

NOW - 11/30/17

• Pop-Up Container | REG. - $19.99

*Large trees on sale at our 135th & Wornall and K7 & Prairie Star Pkwy locations. While supplies last.

While supplies last.

Cowgirl Kate &

Witch Hazel

Performing balloon art on selected weekends from October 8 through October 22. See the schedule at suburbanlg.com under Events.

Pumpkin Patch WEEKENDS IN OCTOBER 11:00am - 5:00pm 135th & Wornall • Pick Your Own Pumpkins • FREE Baby Pumpkins For The Kids

105th & Roe (913) 649-8700

K-7 & Prairie Star Pkwy (913) 897-5100

135th & Wornall (816) 942-2921

• FREE Hayrides •32 FREE Popcorn October 2017 | kcgmag.com

#suburbanlg // suburbanlg.com

KCG 10OCT17  

viburnum allegheny, owls, tulip poplar, hometown habitat, fall planting, gardening on a budget, bur oak, calendula