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Michigan’s oldest college newspaper

Vol. 139 Issue 3 - 17 Sept. 2015

Hillsdale omitted from White House schools list ^ Senior Christy Allen shares her thoughts on the second 2016 GOP primary debate during nationally syndicated radio host Mark Gallagher’s live broadcast from Hillsdale College. < Gallagher comments on the debate from the Grewcock Student Union on Wednesday evening. Carsten stann | Collegian

Who do you think won the debate?

Who would you vote for tomorrow?

23% 58% 18% Ben Carson

Marco Rubio

Carly Fiorina

Hillsdale policies don’t change after Supreme Court gay marraige decision Mar-Vo moves in, ‘breathes life’ into abandoned mill

Brendan Miller | Collegian

By | Tom Novelly Assistant Editor At a ribbon-cutting ceremony Monday, the FW Stock & Sons Mill officially became a Mar-Vo Mineral Company factory, made possible by a substantial subsidization from the Michigan Economic Development Corporation. The subsidization, given by MEDC to Hillsdale City Manager David Mackie in the form of a giant check, amounts to more than 75 percent of the total cost of the property. The Community Development Block grant from the MEDC contributed $82,685 of the $105,000 mill resulting in a total cost of $23,315 for MarVo. Councilwoman Emily Stack-Davis said the grant will encourage entrepreneurs and small business owners to invest in Hillsdale, despite it being an isolated area. “Economic development grants do a great job of helping business gain a foothold in a new environment,” Stack-Davis said. “The grant promotes economic growth in rural areas and gives new businesses a reason to stay. For me, I first saw a mill, but the grant helped this new company see an opportunity.” Mar-Vo Mineral Company CEO David Wheeler — the inventor of nutritional supplement products for livestock and deer, the main products of MarVo — cut the camouflage-colored ribbon with his family and co-workers, officially becoming the first business owner to occuFootball wins big Chargers beat Lake Erie 52-29, their biggest offensive output at home in five years.


py the mill in 12 years. “We are both thankful and excited about this opportunity,” Wheeler said. “The chance to take over and save such a historic piece of Hillsdale is great. It’s great having the property, but there’s still plenty of work to do.” The company, based out of Osseo, Michigan, will continue production at its current facilities until it can move the entire operation to the new site in January. Wheeler said he is excited to utilize the mill’s massive space, which offers escalated production capacity. “We now have almost 10 times the space to work with,” Wheeler said. “The best example I can show for how much of a benefit this facility is, is that we went from having one very true loading dock to eight of them in great condition. Also the gravity-fed grain bins on the roof are ideal for the type of production we are doing.” Wheeler, who has been trying to buy the factory for several months, said the MEDC grant expedited the process. “The grant from the state made the proceedings go much quicker,” Wheeler said. “Without the money it would’ve made the process go much slower. Now I don’t have to focus on acquiring the facility as much as I can focus on renovation and cleaning it.” The mill housed numerous businesses — including the Doughnut Corporation of America and General Mills — since it was built by F.W. Stock Mar-Vo, A7 GOP Debate A breakdown of GOP primary field statistics and student analyses of last night’s debate. A5

The federal government recently released a comprehensive guide to colleges and universities in the United States—but Hillsdale College is conspicuously absent. Last week, the White House announced the new database of graduate employment and student loan statistics from every institution of higher education in the country. The “College Scorecard” is designed to help prospective students “identify which schools provide the biggest bang for your buck.” President Barack Obama said, “Americans will now have access to reliable data on every institution of higher education. You’ll be able to see how much each school’s graduates earn, how much debt they graduate with, and what percentage of a school’s students can pay back their loans—which will help all of us see which schools do the best job of preparing America for success.” But Hillsdale College, ranked 17th in Kiplinger’s recent list of Best Value Liberal Arts Colleges, is not listed in the database, which is a project of the U.S. Department of Education in cooperation with the White House. The Department of Education defended its omission of Hillsdale College, saying it doesn’t confer enough four-year degrees. “Hillsdale does offer bachelor’s degrees,” Denise Horn, assistant press secretary for the U.S. Department of Education, told the Collegian. “However, because the plurality of degrees it awards are certificates, not two-year or four-year degrees, it was not included on the Scorecard at launch.” Grove City College, another school known for refusing to take federal funding, was also excluded from the list. There is one “Hillsdale” college in the database: Hillsdale Free Will Baptist College, located in Moore, Oklahoma, with

195 undergraduate students. According to the graduation requirements listed by the college registrar, Hillsdale offers two baccalaureate degrees, “each based on the completion of four years of study in the liberal arts.” The Department of Education doesn’t agree that those specifications make Hillsdale a four-year institution. “Hillsdale is a predominantly certificate degree granting institution,” Horn explained. “At launch, we focused our attention on predominantly two- and four-year degree programs. We will be exploring ways moving forward to account for shorter degree programs and to incorporate them onto the website.” Though Hillsdale does not accept federal funding, the college does submit some data to be included in analyses of accredited ranking companies such as U.S. News and World Report, which use data from the federal government to generate rankings. “At least under the current administration,” said College President Larry Arnn, “they refuse to receive it unless we include data about race of students and other things that we have never collected, that is, we have not collected this data for more than 170 years.” While information covering the ethnicity of the student body is one of the data sets listed in the “scorecard,” there are many schools with certain sets of data listed as “unavailable.” “We may be the first institution of any kind anywhere to commit in its charter to admit students ‘without regard to race, sex, or national origin,’” Arnn said. “Never mind that. The federal government demands that we count our students by the color of their skin.” The White House declined to comment. “Hillsdale College, 1844. United States Department of Education, 1979,” Arnn added. “The latter has never been very good at history or even current affairs.”

Hillsdale admits students based solely on their academic achievements, resume, writing Before Obergefell v. Hodges, samples, and interview, accordGeorgia had a ban on same- ing to Associate Vice President sex marriage. After Obergefell of Admissions Doug Banbury. College deans afv. Hodges, this ban firmed their commitwas wiped out and Because of ment to caring for all the University of students on campus. Georgia extended our status “One of the things healthcare benefits I’m reminded to do to same-sex cou- as a private is to be on the lookples. Similar situaout for anyone who is tions also played out institution, hurting or struggling at public universithey can’t and to make sure ties in Kansas and my office is meeting Texas. impose those needs as best In a 5-4 ruling as it can,” Dean of handed down on Obergefell v. Men Aaron Petersen June 26, the Supreme Court ruled Hodges on us. said. “There’s really a ministry out of this that same-sex maroffice, developing riage is protected under the Constitution, overturning state the minds and improving the bans in 13 states, including hearts.” Michigan. Since going into effect this summer, Obergefell v. Hodges has significantly impacted America’s legal system, forcing institutions throughout the country to change their policies pertaining to marriage. Hillsdale College maintains its traditional, religious position on marriage and has not had to change any policies because of the decision. It’s unlikely that future college policies will be affected, according to Chief Administrative Officer Rich Péwé. “Because of our status as a private institution, they can’t impose Obergefell v. Hodges on us,” Péwé said. “We didn’t do anything other than stay consistent.” The college continues to only provide spousal benefits to heterosexual couples, said Janet Marsh, executive director of human resources, and employee healthcare plans have not A runner gathers color during last year’s Color Run, hosted by Campus Recreation. This year’s event will changed as a result of the June be Saturday, Sept. 19 at Hayden Park. Rachael hille | Courtesy ruling. Any changes in the college’s health care policy would have to be made by President Larry Arnn and the board of trustees. Campus Recreation will a.m. and the race will begin at For more information and to While the school has a fairly host its annual Color Run 5K at 11a.m. Registration will cost sign up, email Rachael Hille at restricted policy on health care Hayden Park this Saturday, Sept. $10 for students and $20 for benefits, its admission policy is 19. non-students, and a T-shirt will very open. Registration will begin at 10 be included with registration.

Color Run at Hayden this Saturday

Anders Kiledal | Collegian

Dave Wheeler cuts a camoflauge-colored ribbion, offically welcoming Mar-Vo Mineral Co. into Stock’s Mill and the community. Hailey Morgan | Collegian

By | Evan Carter Web Editor

By | Vivian Hughbanks News Editor

Downtown mural This summer, Hillsdale gained new wall art celebrating town’s railroad era. B1

State Police Locate Missing Child Michigan State Police found a child who was missing for 14 days. A7

Photo Courtesy Sheila Butler

Who would you vote for tomorrow?

U.S. Department of Education calls college a ‘certificate degree granting institution’

See the college master plan Check out sketches of future campus rennovations.


Find more content online at Follow @HDaleCollegian Look for The Hillsdale Collegian

A2 17 Sept. 2015

Career Services’ staff changes

Stauff joins music staff Fall shoot earns 21-gun salute By | Ali Strauss Collegian Freelancer About 250 students and faculty attended Hillsdale’s annual Fall Seminar and Shoot at the John Anthony Halter Shooting Sports Education Center on Sept. 12. Before getting out on the range, Professor of History David Raney spoke to the attendees on the history of the Progressive Movement and its effect on second amendment rights. Range Master Bartley Spieth introduced attendees to the various courses in firearms available at the Hillsdale shooting facilities and provided a safety briefing. After a catered luncheon, guests tested their skills in archery, shotgun, pistol, and rifle stations, supervised by range instructors. Find the exclusive companion video for this story online at

New iMacs installed in Wiegand Lab over summer break By | Katie Scheu Collegian Freelancer The glow of high-resolution screens now lights up the Wiegand computer lab, where eight new iMacs replaced the 26 PCs previously available in the Knorr Student Union. While Wiegand was once known for its shoddy Internet connectivity and unreliable printers, it now boasts computers well-equipped for hard-working students. “I’m just hoping that people will be happy that there are computers there that will be faster and more responsive,” said Information Technology Services Generalist Tom Phillips. According to Phillips, the school made the decision to upgrade the computers in early June, and the machines arrived in August. Speed is not their only asset. These Macs are equipped with a software called Boot Camp, which allows both Apple and PC operating systems to run. “It’s obviously a newer lab, so it’s got fresh equipment with good specs,” Phillips said. “This is a dual boot, so you can upload both Mac and Windows, which helps students who may need both.” Phillips also spoke of improvements made to classrooms in the basement of Strosacker Science Building, where dated machines were also replaced. Senior Aaron Schreck, who frequents Wiegand, said many students are unaware of the recent update. “Because it’s this early on in the semester, I think a lot of people don’t know they’re here,” Schreck said. Before purchasing the new technology, Phillips conducted a study and found that Wiegand is underused, prompting the department to reduce the number of computers by 60 percent when switching to Macs. The college recycled the PCs, according to ITS Supervisor James Bowen. Now without an excess of malfunctioning, out-of-date computers, Wiegand has a lot to offer. “I think they’re amazing,” Schreck said. “The old computers were totally unusable — these ones are incredibly fast.”

Apart from vague references to Hillsdale as an undergrad at Grove City College, Derek Stauff was unfamiliar with the school until he met his wife, Marielle ‘05, in graduate school at Indiana University. As the new musicologist, however, Stauff fit into the campus community immediately. According to his students, Stauff exudes enthusiasm and shares his abundance of knowledge freely. Though he presents a challenge to even the most academic Hillsdale students, his expertise collaborates well with the rest of the music department. “I think he expects a lot,” senior Grace Hertz said. “I think he’s going to have high standards, but I think that’s good because it forces us to step up a notch and do our research well. He expects us to act as a developing musicologist even though we’re not.” Being in two of his classes, Hertz has seen two slightly different styles of teaching. The 300-level music history class of about 12 people is more lecture oriented, while the 400-level Keyboard Works class takes place in his office for a more intimate and research-based discussion. Senior Taylor Flowers, a 400-level class student, said he’s most excited about the research paper. “He’s really pushing us to engage in higher learning,” Flowers said. “It’s more than mere description, more into analysis and argumentation. He’s asking us to pose an argumentative thesis, which is just a more academic way of thinking about it; it’s more professional than a lot of research papers that Hillsdale students write.” Stauff began piano lessons as

a five-year-old and continued through high school, despite stretches of disinterest during his childhood. He established a curiosity for the organ during high school and developed during college. He made the most of the opportunities his small liberal arts school offered, including playing the organ during church services nearby. “I went to graduate school first for organ and then after I went into musicology,” Stauff said. “I liked history better than theory because I thought history could often explain things that will get you into grad school. [Music history] was my favorite class because it was hard and potentially confusing, but it helped explain a lot about music, and I learned a lot about types of music that I had no idea about before, especially the older portion of the class.” He ultimately decided to hone in on 17th Century music, partly because it was less popular and partly because he appreciated the societal and musical upheavals of the era. Now, at Hillsdale, he’s finally able to “settle down and have a normal life, rather than the graduate school existence.” In addition to teaching, he’s advising the Camarata and adjusting to life as a Hillsdale professor. “At some point you realize that when you’re a professor, you’re not a student anymore, and you can’t go to dances and do eight million things on campus,” Stauff said. When asked what he does with his free time, he responded, “Am I allowed to tell you my wife and I are going to a brewery tonight?”

By | Chris McCaffery Columnist Job-seeking students will see some changes coming to the Career Services office this semester, with new staff and programs following Executive Director Michael Murray’s move to the college’s Institutional Advancement office. Murray will continue to work with Career Services this semester as a replacement is found, while he works on projects with Institutional Advancement. John Quint ’09, previously in the financial aid office, is the new assistant director at Career Services. Quint replaces Keith Miller ’03, who left the office this summer. Carley Rumsey has also been hired as operations coordinator. “It’s a way to serve the college in a different role, but with some of the initiatives, it gives me the opportunity to help students,” Murray said. “I’ll wear both hats. I’ll be in transition this semester as they look for my replacement.” Murray has worked at the college in his current role since August 2011. In institutional advancement he looks forward to seeking funding for renova-

Photo courtesy Career Services

In brief:

By | Sarah Chavey Collegian Reporter

tions to the Knorr Student Center and assisting with career services initiatives. He replaces John McFarland ’96, former legal counsel and administrative director in the college’s Planned Giving office. Murray’s law degree from the University of Detroit Mercy School of Law is one of the reasons he was asked to replace McFarland. New initiatives from the Career Services office include Career Shift, an online platform for job-seeking students. “It helps students do research, be better prepared and more effective,” Murray said. Quint recently moved to Career Services from Financial Aid, where he worked since June 2012. One of his main projects is compiling the Monday Morning Career Column weekly newsletter. This email publication services students by sharing about upcoming news and events from Career Services as well as spotlight alumni and their careers. Quint is also assisting with Career Conversations, a new initiative from Career Services that will feature faculty and staff discussing their experience in the job market. “We want to give faculty

John Quint ‘09 is the new assistant director of Career Services. Career Services | courtesy

the opportunity to tell their own career path,” Quint said. “They can also highlight where they’ve seen alumni from their different departments find success in the world.” While Career Services continues to update Handshake, its online platform, to include more employers, jobs, and internships, it is also incorporating Career Shift, another online platform, into its job-seeking toolkit. As operations coordinator, Rumsey will be helping the office with administrative responsibilities and the annual graduate placement report.

Sculptor Bruce Wolf puts the finishing touches on a miniature statue of Margaret Thatcher as part of the process of his last commission for the school, dedicated in 2008. Bruce Wolf | Courtesy

Bruce Wolfe chosen to sculpt Frederick Douglass By | Breana Noble Assistant Editor In a year, Abraham Lincoln will find himself in the presence of an old friend, Frederick Douglass, brought to life by Bruce Wolfe. The California-native artist will sculpt the much-anticipated statue, due for completion in August, of the famed abolitionist and writer for Hillsdale’s Liberty Walk. Wolfe and the college finalized the design Tuesday. A committee of faculty members looked at designs from a number of sculptors over a period of five months for the progressing Douglass sculpture to be added among other historic fighters for freedom. The committee made their decision on Wolfe in May. “We thought he’d be a good fit for Douglass. He showed real passion for the subject itself, which comes into play,” Michael Harner, chief staff officer for the President’s Office told the Collegian. Wolfe has a personal connection to the project, being the great-great-grandson of Stephen Bovell Shelledy, an abolitionist “buddy” of Abraham Lincoln who also knew Douglass well, the sculptor said.

The 74-year-old “conservative artist” is not new to the Hillsdale sphere. He created the only statue of Margaret Thatcher in North America, which rests outside the Strosacker Science Building after its dedication in 2008. “We have a history. It wasn’t a major factor point in it. It was a starting point, but if you know somebody, you talk to them,” Harner said. “He put forth some stuff we really liked.” Nonetheless, a combination of Wolfe’s history with the college, spirit for the project, and design ideas won him the opportunity. “We’ve had a number of ideas put forward to us by a number of artists, and in the end, his were the most appealing,” Harner said. Wolfe has sculpted for 40 years, is a fellow for the National Sculptor Society, and received first place for the National Sculpture Society’s 2014 Members Only Sculpture Competition. The design for the forthcoming statue of Douglass took the entire summer to finish as Wolfe suggested several variations. “We’ve gone back and forth on a number of proposals,” Harner explained. “They’re all sort of similar,

but getting that last thing the way we want it...he’s working on it.” A photo, obtained by the college in 2004, from Douglass’ first visit to Hillsdale in 1863 depicts the famed abolitionist sitting in a chair. The sculptor, however, worries the posture does not exude the mystique he hopes to convey with Douglass. “He saw slavery as a shackling of a man’s mind as well as his body. He was there first hand,” Wolfe said.

Body language in a statue is the only thing that shows a man’s personality.

“I’ve read a little of him. He’s hard to read for me, but he seems pretty angry. If we could get him looking not angry, but we need a pose that’s not just looking like a toy soldier… I’m trying to bring to the college some movement, some humanity to the guy.” Another “point of view” Wolfe has considered is Douglass holding a piece of paper

because of his writing. “Body language in a statue is the only thing that shows a man’s personality,” Wolfe said. The selection of a pose is made more difficult than some of Wolfe’s other projects. Unlike when sculpting Thatcher – alive when Wolfe carved her, allowing him to experience her “velvet fist” power in her presence – Wolfe must rely on old photographs to depict Douglass’ clothing and face shape correctly. “It’s like a writer; you need some material to write from,” Wolfe explained. “To write something interesting, you need some truth. That’s what I’m looking for: truth.” The larger-than-life, approximately 7-feet statue will stand between Lane and Kendall across from Lincoln, completing the Civil War section of the sculpture initiative. “We’ve always wanted to do a Douglass statue -- since the Liberty Walk project was underway,” Harner said. “We’re excited about it.” Its completion next year coincides with the establishment of a scholarship that shares the abolitionist’s name. “To try to get the Douglass statue done in time with

the scholarship program seemed to be a good aim,” Harner said. According to Financial Aid Director and Student Records Rich Moeggenberg, the scholarship targets underprivileged students from inner cities, fitting for Douglass who rose to prominence though born in the most difficult of circumstances: in slavery. “Douglass’ role in articulating the role of man’s nature that we are all created equal and in keeping with tenants on which the country was created” puts him amongst leaders such as Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington, Harner said. Even more so, however, the statue will represent a part of the history of Hillsdale College. “We’re a Civil War college; that’s front and center with us,” Harner said. “The key founding figures of the college were those friends of Lincoln who ended being the governor of the state of Michigan and lieutenant governors and generals, and the service of our students in the war, Douglass speaking here…There’s a connection there.”

Boats available at Baw Beese for student use

Paddle boards and kayaks from SAB are available for use by students at Baw Beese lake. Kat Torres | courtesy

By | Jessica Hurley Collegian Freelancer Kayaks and paddleboards are now available for students to use at Baw Beese Lake. This summer, Campus Recreation purchased three kayaks and three stand-up paddle boards along with life jackets and paddles. Maintenance also constructed a dock to help with boarding and unboarding. “We were looking for an opportunity to utilize Baw Beese more and get the students out there, and they came up with the idea of kayaks and paddleboards,” Campus Recreation Co-Director senior Rachael Hille said. Campus Rec discussed this purchase for a while,

Student Activities Director Anthony Manno said. The organization, however, lacked the funds to see its completion. Last spring, Hille and senior Jeff Meyers, the other co-director of Campus Rec, presented their idea to Student Federation, which approved funds for the proposal in March. The Hillsdale Country Club permitted Zone Maintenance Technician Mark Schulte and HVAC-Environmental Control Specialist Mark Zimmerman to install a dock specifically for the watersports. To check out the equipment, students exchange their student IDs at the Grewcock Student Union’s

front desk. The monitor on duty will provide paddles to students, who can find the kayaks and paddleboards on racks at the lakeside. To obtain access to Campus Rec bikes, pool cues, and other amenities, students go through a similar process. “It’s very convenient to only have to transport the paddles when you have a small car,” junior Kat Torres said. Those who have already used the new equipment are happy to have the opportunity. “It’s enjoyable,” Torres said. “It gives you a good arm workout, but it’s also chill.” According to junior Greg Rybka, who works in Grewcock, students often check

out all of the equipment quickly on nice days and weekends. The goal of Campus Rec is to keep students entertained and energized. “I want to create a community that wants to be active, to do things with recreation,” Manno said. Hille agrees. “I could foresee us discussing maybe a few more or what the next step would be to continue to encourage the use of Baw Beese,” Hille said, “especially now that we have purchased a dock at the country club.” The docks, however, are only open for use until Oct. 1 when cooler temperatures take over.

A3 17 Sept. 2015

Student learns from the brightest in Texas By | Lillian Quinones Collegian Reporter Successful surgeons have mastered the art of chopsticks. Junior Emily Nelson discovered this from the two months she spent at the University of Texas Health Science Center in the cardiothoracic department this summer. When Nelson’s small fingers struggled to manipulate a needle driver in her suturing lessons, her Texas host family recommended she practice eating with chopsticks to simulate the finger coordination. Nelson’s chopstick skills became so good one day her supervisor stepped back to allow Nelson to put a stitch on the heart of a bypass patient. Dr. John H. Calhoon supervised Nelson. He is professor and chair of cardiothoracic surgery at the UT Health Science Center and the President’s Council Chair for Excellence in Surgery. Nelson is the first Hillsdale student to intern for Calhoon, and he’d like to offer that opportunity every summer. “Emily did a beautiful job

of working for us; she was energetic and involved. When she applies for medical school I’d love if she’d consider us— Emily would be our first draft choice,” Calhoon said. After being approached by college President Larry Arnn in fall 2014 regarding internships for Hillsdale students, Calhoon contacted Chris Hamilton, associate professor of chemistry and adviser of the Pre-Professional Society, in search of a student who had experience with electronic medical records and who could write. “Emily caught Dr. Calhoon’s attention by saying that she loved watching surgeries,” Hamilton said. Nelson proved to be a perfect fit. As a freshman, she spent three weeks training to be a medical scribe at the Hillsdale Community Health Center. In her interview, Calhoon asked if she still had a grasp of the medical language. Nelson replied frankly. “With that kind of stuff, it’s either use it or lose it, but I still got my flashcards!” she said.

In addition to troubleshooting their electronic medical record system to be more patient and physician friendly, Calhoon had a research project for Nelson. He asked her to write a ‘then and now’ comparison piece between the American founding and the early pioneers of cardiac surgery to the progressive trends in politics which medicine has also experienced through the rise of administration. “Emily’s work is good enough to be in the Imprimis in my opinion. The content is outstanding,” Calhoon said. Nelson typically spent her evenings in the medical library researching and writing after a long day of following resident medical students as they visited patients or in the operating room standing at the surgeon’s side. Even as the daughter of a practicing anesthesiologist and having already shadowed physicians, Nelson had never experienced medicine this personally before. “My experience in the hospital and with surgery in particular has been similar to, ‘Here’s a stool, so maybe you

can see,’” Nelson said. “But on day three in the hospital, Dr. C had just wrapped up his part of an operation and pulling off his apron, asks me, ‘Do you want to learn how to scrub in?’ From that day on I was standing across from or right next to the surgeon.” Only toward the end of her two months did Nelson make headway on modifying the electronic medical records system when inspiration struck as she stared at the Microsoft Word panel. “I thought, ‘this is really intuitive.’ I started looking up apps and examining social media for how they made things user-friendly,” Nelson said. In her 2,500 word report, Nelson suggested several improvements, including making a customizable home screen modeled after Pinterest, where doctors can prioritize different things for every patient. Calhoon is currently looking into publishing Nelson’s work on the electronic medical records, and working for Calhoon has only increased Nelson’s desire to enter medical school following gradua-

Club talks about faith and work By |Gill West Collegian Freelancer

Junior Emily Nelson was a summer intern at the University of Texas Health Science Center. Lillian Quinones | Collegian

tion. Although she has not decided on a particular area in medicine yet, as she told one of the nurses in Texas, surgery is definitely “on the table.”

Q&A with Linda Chavez

2,981 American flags fly on the South Lawn to remember each of the victims that perished in the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, and the attack on the US embassy in Benghazi, Libya, as a part of the annual remembrance ceremonies organized by the Young Americans for Freedom and College Republicans. Carsten Stann | Collegian

“We saw what the human spirit was capable of accomplishing.”

By | Macaela Bennett Editor-in-Chief After Linda Chavez served as the highest-ranking woman in President Ronald Reagan’s White House working as the Director of Public Liaison, she decided to use her knowledge of policy in writing. Chavez is now a political commentator who writes a weekly syndicated column and often appears on Fox News and radio shows as an analyst. She is also the founder of the Center for Equal Opportunity. Soon, she will finish her first series of fictional short stories. At one point, you considered becoming a college professor. Why did you stop pursuing that career? I started college in 1965, married in 1967, and had my first kid in 1968, so I was a student, a wife, and a mother. I had to work through school and this was also the time when affirmative action was starting. I got involved with recruiting students, specifically Mexican-Americans. It was clear that these kids did not have the academic background to be prepared for college. Even though English was spoken in their homes, they were not proficient in standard English, so I decided that I would try to convince the English Department to let me teach a course to help incoming students. They let me do that, which is how I got started teaching. Unfortunately, this was the time when affirmative action, in my mind, went off the rails. Instead of just being about giving kids who did not have opportunities the chance to learn skills, it became a program that was basically all about dividing

9/11 - Maj. Jim Bernthal, USMC ret.


students into ethnic classes. I really had a clash and then left and went on to graduate school at UCLA.... They were changing the rules so minority students were not expected to abide by the same rules and was really a lowering of standards. That’s when I left. The title of one of your books is “An Unlikely Conservative: The Transformation of an Ex-Liberal.” What influenced that transformation of your political views? My whole background was in literature, so I’m sort of self taught. I decided to read “Wealth of Nations” in the late 70s. I was working for a labor union, and some things didn’t make sense to me. I said, ‘This doesn’t seem to be the way the world works,’ and so I decided to read Adam Smith, and it was like on the first page I thought, ‘This is the way the world works. This makes sense.’ So by the time I went into the Reagan White House, I was on my way to being a free market capitalist. And, I was earning more and realizing the government was taking a big chunk of my money and not spending it exactly how I thought it should. Your husband changed his political views, too. What influenced him? My husband was a Socialist—in a more European Socialism way. He was anti-Communist, but believed the state ought to pay for things. We were struggling students, and he wanted to buy a color television set, and he suddenly noticed that instead of how under Marxist theory a color television would always be out of the reach of the working class because capital-

ists would be greedy and keep pushing prices up so everything would always be out of reach, he started noticing that prices were getting cheaper every year. It was like this was his wake up call. I always tease him that if we weren’t so interested in sports that he wanted a color television that he may be a Bernie Sanders guy now. Despite having three children early on in your career, you accomplished a lot. What is your advice for young adults who want to pursue having both careers and families? In Washington, I found that people spend a lot of time at work that is unnecessary. They would be hanging out or just trying to get face time with the boss—I saw that a lot at the White House. I got there very early, but I left at 6 or 6:30 every day. A lot of others worked until 8:30 or 9 p.m., but they were mostly sitting around gabbing and talking. It’s a challenge to balance both, though. I know a lot of people decided to wait to have kids. I’m actually not sure that’s the best advice. I know people who had children early and then went back to the workforce. I also respect women who go to college and get liberal arts degrees and then spend time raising their children. It’s a very worthy aspiration. Education is never wasted. And you can use it in developing your children. One reason women, on average, earn less than men with equal educations is that women take time out for children. That will make a difference. To me, it’s not a bad trade off. I was able to balance both.

A conversation with authors Burt and Anita Folsom By | Kaylee McGhee Collegian Freelancer “Death on Hold: A Prisoner’s Desperate Prayer and the Unlikely Family Who Became God’s Answer” is the latest book from Professor of History Burt Folsom and his wife Anita, Director of Hillsdale’s Free Market Forum. Released on August 11, the book tells the true story of Mitchell Rutledge, a young man who became a Christian in Alabama’s Holman Prison after being convicted of first-degree murder. The Folsoms met Rutledge in 1984, and in the past 32 years, have seen Rutledge grow to become a leader in his prison community. In January 2016, he will begin his 35th year in prison. What was it like working


things to know from this week

In brief:

as a pair on your books? Burt Folsom: After a month of writing “FDR Goes to War,” we thought about changing the title to “Bert and Anita Go to War.” What is the hardest aspect of writing a book together? Anita Folsom: You have to cut the other person’s material when it’s not good, which is very difficult to take. You put your heart into a chapter and spend months writing it, and to hear that it isn’t good is hard but necessary in order to make it better. What sorts of reactions have you gotten? BF: We’ve gotten much more emotional responses from readers. We’ve heard from several students that they began reading it at 11

p.m. and finished at 3 a.m. because they just couldn’t put it down. AF: You don’t really get that kind of response about a book on economic policy. What inspired you to write a story about Mr. Rutledge? AF: Our primary motive in writing the book was to get Mitch released. Do you have a favorite part in the book? AF: Mine was recalling our first time visiting him. BF: You know, after going to a prison a few times, you get used to the doors slamming everywhere and being surrounded by prisoners, but the first time, it’s pretty scary. AF: The funny thing is that Mitch was more nervous to meet us than we were of

him. BF: Well, he had never had a visitor before, besides his lawyers. How long did you work on the manuscript? AF: The process began around 2009, after “New Deal or Raw Deal?” — Burt’s book — became popular. BF: It became so popular that my publisher asked if I could write more books, and that’s how the door opened. AF: It took roughly five years to finish. BF: And that was partly because we had asked Mitch to begin writing down episodes of his life for the book. AF: He could only mail out four pages at a time, so he sent them over a period of years. BF: His letters were the

basis for the book. He would send them to me, I would edit them and send them back. He’d make some more changes and expand some sections, so it was a long process. Is there any hope that Mr. Rutledge will be released? AF: The problem is that governors can’t issue pardons as often as they were once able to. For Mitch to be released, the Alabama State Legislature must pass a special bill for him to be released, which is possible. BF: What we want our readers to take away from “Death on Hold,” is to never give up and that there is always hope, and most importantly, that no life is beyond redemption.

Carly Fiorina emerges in second GOP 2016 Debate, Trump remains on top The top eleven GOP candidates, according to CNN’s most recent poll, debated at Ronald Reagan’s Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California Wednesday evening. U.S. Open concludes Serbian tennis star Novak Djokovic won his second U.S. Open title in New York

City Sunday, beating out the legendary Swiss Roger Federer. EU nations tighten borders against migrants Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, and the Czech Republic have all increased border security against the growing stream of refugees fleeing westward from Syria. European Union leaders agreed Monday to reset-

tle 120,000 asylum seekers throughout Europe. Conservative Australian PM ousted 60-year-old former investment banker Malcolm Turnbull took the oath of office as Australia’s Prime Minister Tuesday after conservative former Prime Minister Tony Abbott’s leadership was challenged in a party election for the second time in seven

months. Abbott had been in power since 2013. Michigander contracts Bubonic Plague For the first time in Michigan’s public health history, a resident of Michigan has contracted life-threatening bubonic plague, officials confirmed Monday. The Marquette County resident contracted the disease on a recent trip to Colorado.

The average person spends 90,000 hours of his or her life working but never contemplates to that extent how the Christian faith applies to work. Assistant Professor of Economics Michael Clark created the Faith, Work, and Economics Book Club last year to discuss how faith and work are related. The club meets at Clark’s house on a weekly basis for six weeks. “[IFFWE] focus[es] on the intersection of those three ideas, how they all overlap and interweave,” Clark said. Junior Margaret Handel was one of the first students to join this club. She said it made her feel more at ease about searching for jobs. Handel believes there is a disconnect about “higher callings” in Christian thought, but she doesn’t accept this distinction. “All work is dignified,” she said. “It’s beautiful.” The weekly meetings are discussion-based and mostly student-led. Clark also promises four free meals. Although the club has “economics” in its name, Clark encourages more than economics major to apply. “I would love to have nonecon majors galore,” Clark said. “You can have zero economics background and be in the club.” Senior Jackie Frenkel is an English major who was a member of the club last year. Frenkel learned how to think about work and faith and their application in her life. “It’s something Dr. Clark is really passionate about,” Frenkel said. “[This is] an important thing for every student to wrestle with during their time in college.”

Enactus breeds farm store By | Quinn Reichard Collegian Freelancer By May, Enactus will open an entirely student-run produce market for the community, operating out of Broadstreet Downtown Market. With the goal of providing farm-fresh, healthy food at affordable prices, Enactus plans to bring a locally-sourced farm produce retail store to the city of Hillsdale. Though the target market will be low-income households, the business will target students as well. “Enactus gives students a direct avenue to entrepreneurship,” club President senior Nick Brown said. “It’s an opportunity to get your hands dirty and learn about the free market.” Enactus plans to open their doors after they develop and finalize a business and marketing plan. “This project in particular operates within the overlap of farm economics and marketing essential foodstuffs to low-income buyers,” said Professor Bob Blackstock, the faculty moderator of Enactus. “Students will have to research the needs of the farmers and the proposed customers, construct a business plan to meet those needs, and find resources to implement the plan.” Students will organize into three teams: the farm team will have the responsibility of acquiring the food at the right price, the logistics team will plan transportation between producers and the store, and the third team will organize and package the food. “I want to get some handson experience—if we spend enough time planning, we can make a successful business that’s a real benefit to the community,” said sophomore Alexandra Leonard, a new member of Enactus. Since the planning phase has just started, students can still join the project. “You can fail here,” Brown said. “Therefore, success will be meaningful.”

A4 17 Sept. 2015

REFLECTIONS ON THE REVOLUTION The opinion of The Collegian editorial staff Newsroom: (517) 607-2897 Advertising: (517) 607-2684

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Bon Appétit is a relative newcomer to Hillsdale’s campus, and a welcome one at that. Bon Appétit introduced higher-quality food. It was locally-sourced, fresher, generally easier to identify, and assembled with greater care. But we lovers of tradition tended, at first, to look fondly on what once was: Saga, Inc. gave us more food, and gave it to us faster. It was familiar. Most importantly, it posed the question: how were we to ref-

Esolen should speak at commencement By | Emma Vinton Assistant Editor

Emma is a senior studying English.

and prone to occasional culinary oversight. Moths appeared in the salad. Lettuce remnants from meals gone by still clung to some silverware. Casseroles of dubious identity and origin populated the cafeteria line. Rare hamburger patties were all too common. We now have two classes who have known only Bon Appétit. To them, this is the standing order. This is now the gastronomic ancien régime. Flyers encourage us to use the outdoor patio and alarms

How to win arguments

The editors welcome Letters to the Editor but reserve the right to edit submissions for clarity, length, and style. Letters should be 450 words or less and include your name and number. Send submissions to salbers@hillsdale. edu before Saturday at 3 p.m.

By | Chris McCaffery Student Columnist A recent Collegian editorial urged you to ‘debate with decorum’, which as a certain kind of advice is exactly what we ought to be saying to you—in order to keep society knit, we all off our neighbor’s throats, and so on. I’d like to humbly (I know!) suggest some other considerations to guide our year “pursuing truth, defending liberty, in good charity” to a fruitful, truthful end. Lawyer, debater, and longtime publisher of National Review William Rusher notes at the start of “How to Win Arguments” that argument is a craft, not luck or emotion. Another thing he notes is the purpose of arguing—you

may have guessed by now— winning. We all understand that to win an argument is to bring our opponent over to our way of thinking or to encourage some action on their part. The desire to “prevail,” as Rusher puts it, is implicit in the act of arguing for this presidential candidate, that nudist endeavor, or those good manners. Somehow, instinctively, we give people reasons that they should think differently than they do. So then winning arguments is quite natural, and doesn’t have the violent, triumphant connotations we might give it. A winning argument will prevail, carry the day—as an argument, be seen as fundamentally true—while remaining neat, cool, and collegial. The first thing to be, then, is attentive. You want to win! The other person does too. They may even share your concerns—Mark Naida, last week, grounded his advocacy for nudism in concern for American sexual preoccupation (Sept. 10, “Nudists: stripping away objectification”), a social arrangement I doubt his critics would double down on. To beat him, first understand how his

solution is a good one. Follow him closely, arguer. Are his assertions true? You want to win by giving reasons, but he’s already shown you his. You’ll never win an argument if you don’t understand your opponent and their reason for thinking as they do, so do that first! If all men are mortal, and Socrates is a man, it is no good to reply that Socrates is a very smart man—he’s still dead. Rusher compares this process to a game of tic-tactoe. Any reasonably smart child knows that a game isn’t won by sprinting at the threein-a-row. Your moves must follow your opponent’s, and counter them. In a sense, your game is determined by your friend’s, but that’s the only way to prevail, no matter who started in the center box. Therefore the second thing to be is open. Don’t just tell Naida that you disagree, and find nudity uncomfortable, and that it’s immoral besides. Your reasons must be his, in some way. Bring out what he didn’t; show what he covered up. If you’re really concerned for the truth about a topic, then you’ll win. If you don’t think sexual fixation is a problem in America, then you shouldn’t

shriek when we attempt to do so. Insects appear from time to time and evidence is promulgated far and wide. Were Bon Appétit a despot, its mistakes a train of abuses and usurpations evincing some design to reduce us to gastronomic poverty, we ought to throw off such administration and provide for ourselves differently. But it is not. It has made many improvements, and continues to do so.

have much to say to him. If you think it is a problem, a reality about the present that is in some way specific to our present moment, then Naida has already done a lot of work for you. Embracing the start he’s given will be your first step into the light. Thirdly, then, be responsive. You and your opponent will always share the topic: that’s what should hold your attention. Show them new sides of the object; root out their errors; clarify their points. By instinct we give reasons for our positions, and expect others to listen. To win—that is, to win your opponent to your view of the topic you’re discussing— you must attend to their own reasons, respond to them, and be open to the truth about what you’re talking about, not just your own narrative. Other ways of “winning”, such as humiliation, deceit, or physical violence ought to be covered by the Collegian’s recommendation of decorum; that they also preclude the pursuit of truth indicates deep things about the unity of truth in discourse and charity. Chris is a senior studying English.

DON’T JUST ‘REFRESH’ AND FORGET By | Elizabeth Green Special to the Collegian

We millennials exist in a world formed by social media. We are vocal about causes, using social media as a tool to spread our ideas with greater speed and broader range than ever before. But we lack commitment. We post about an issue once. As soon as we press ‘refresh,’ our post moves down the newsfeed and out of sight. Soon we have forgotten about what we once were so passionate. Millennials seem to be impassioned about ideas; we love to fight for a good cause. But

Forester McClatchey

Uses of a Liberal Arts Education

When Anthony Esolen returned my copy of Dante’s “Inferno” after signing it, I was eager to see what he had written inside. I was only a first-semester freshman when Esolen spoke at Hillsdale College in 2012 for the CCA, but I had heard much of the renowned teacher, author, and translator, and I admired his work. Particularly, his name was on the cover as translator of the “Divine Comedy” books which I was reading for my Great Books class. I flipped to the title page of the “Inferno” and read the scribble: “Emma, Don’t let this happen to you!” His note made me laugh, but also moved me. Students over the past few years have often hoped the administration and class officers would choose Esolen as commencement speaker. For the graduating class of 2016, this could and should be the year. Esolen is a professor of English at Providence College in Rhode Island, with an interest in classical, medieval, and Renaissance literature. A graduate of Princeton University and the University of North Carolina, Esolen has authored many books and is senior editor of Touchstone: A Journal of Mere Christianity, as well as a frequent contributor to other magazines such as First Things. He studies and reads many languages, and has translated, in addition to Dante, Lucretius’ “On the Nature of Things.” Esolen not only has the educational and literary repertoire that many Hillsdale students value in a commencement speaker, but he has other experience and knowledge that will interest students of all majors. The professor is a cross between a brilliant Dante scholar and a writer for The Onion. I mean, he told a freshman girl not to go to hell. Blunt, bold, and funny. He was a sarcastic guest in a Fox News interview about one of his books, and one of his YouTube video’s is called “Shakespeare vs. Dante: Who Wins in a Cage Match?” One of his books is wittily titled “Ten Ways to Destroy the Imagination of Your Child.” As commencement speaker, Esolen will incorporate knowledge of culture, current events, education, literature, politics, and religion. If chosen, Esolen will appeal to all kinds of students—from the arts to the sciences—and provide witty yet meaningful insight. His words will encourage us in our commencement, captivate our attentions with rich reflections, and summate our years of learning. Esolen’s note to me, though seemingly written in jest, gave a very real warning: be afraid. It is the same warning that freshmen hear at Provost David Whalen’s speech during orientation. Be afraid of how the Hillsdale education will mess with your mind and soul. Be afraid of those things that will hinder or even harm growth of the soul. The warning remains even now, and, looking back over my college years, I realize the stakes and the gain even more clearly, how much there is to lose, and how much to change. I am grateful for Esolen’s advice. Esolen’s lecture in 2012 was on epic poetry and the moral imagination. In a Q&A with the Collegian then, he spoke on imagination and education, and how important it is that our education lead us to change and awe: “Imagination is the faculty that allows human beings to wonder... It’s natural in human beings to learn. So a great lot in the battle is won not by figuring out ways to foster the imagination, but just removing all those influences that snuff it out.” So at the end of a college experience that has both fostered the imagination and snuffed out the ignorance, where I not only read and hopefully learned to avoid the Inferno, but also journeyed toward wonder, I would like to hear what other words of advice Anthony Esolen has for me and for the Class of 2016.

erence Saga Steve? Time passed and campus disposition changed. Bon Appétit was no longer a revolutionary agent. The old guard—those students who battled Mothra at dinner, who shouldered through the horde of football players for chicken nuggets, who ate many a cream-based soup and lived to tell the tale—have left campus and abdicated the dining hall. Saga, Inc. was our ancien régime: venerable, reliable,

often, our love for the cause just means enough enthusiasm to post on social media. Many times, we go no further than sharing the post. Sometimes, we don’t even respond to the comments. If you posted an article, opinion, or comment on social media expressing an opinion about any big summer cause (i.e. Planned Parenthood videos or the legalization of homosexual marriage), perhaps you were a victim of the cycle. Have you thought about those videos in the past week? Have you seen any posts about the videos this week on your newsfeed? Though social media’s negative aspects are unavoidable, it

is also a tool that can be used powerfully for good. Rather than letting the constant ‘refresh’ cycle dominate you, use that constant refreshment to add a new thought or angle to the discussion. Be careful not to ride the wave of good intentions, but instead use social media intentionally. Commit to a cause, then develop a habit of regularly posting about your cause on social media. Be the voice that brings the issues back into the continuous present. Create those apt, well-timed, gracious, and pithy statuses that might provoke someone to thought. Call the issue to life yet again by reviving the conversation that social media

creates. As millennials, we are uniquely positioned to understand ourselves and social media. We know the trap of the 90-minute Facebook break and many of us want to find ways to dedicate ourselves to these causes we love. We can avoid the ‘refresh’ cycle by pairing our real love for a good humanitarian cause with our first-hand knowledge of social media’s dangers and benefits. We can show older generations how we can break out of the millennial stigma. Elizabeth is a senior studying history.

A5 17 Sept. 2015


27% Trump has drawn and maintained immense grassroots energy, playing off widespread discontent among primary voters with establishment GOP politics.

Carson, a mildmannered political outsider, has risen from 6% earlier this month to 23% to challenge even Trump. His socially conservative, antiestablishment platform competes directly with Trump’s.

6% Jeb Bush

Bush is facing the woes of a long family history in politics and low charisma, often used as the poster child for those inside the Beltway.



Marco Rubio Rubio has shown himself to be a smooth talker with a moderate policy platform. Though he performed well during the last debate, his polling has only marginally improved.

Cruz draws from largely the same electorate that Trump does. Debates are one 5% chance to set himself apart as Ted Cruz a candidate.

Mike Huckabee

Appealing to Evangelical and hard-line social conservatives, Huckabee recently chose to support Kim Davis, a Kentucky county clerk who has denied marriage licenses to homosexual couples on religious grounds.

A sharp performer in debates, Rand claims he is the Rand Paul candidate of 3% ‘principle,’ unmarred by politics. But his mainstreamed policy platform is losing him libertarian voters and core support when he badly needs campaign money.

4% Carly Fiorina

2% Scott Walker

Fiorina is coming into the debate after launching a well-received campaign advertisement: “Look At This Face” features Fiorina and other women, chastising Trump for his alleged sexism. Walker, the socially conservative Wisconsin Governor, has suffered a dramatic drop in the polls since Trump took the lead.

Hillsdale students react to the GOP debate themselves. This helps explain the prominence of outsiders like Trump, Carson, and Fiorina. Three basic personas appeared last night: the political outsider, the “true” conservative, and the pragmatic moderate. The rest of the field tried to out-hawk the rest, beating the war drums against Iran, North Korea, and Russia. This debate won’t change the course of the race. The volatile polls will continue to shift on the whims of a fickle electorate, and candidates will continue to drop out. Fiorina is the clear victor, with no clear loser. Pundits will likely proclaim the death of several campaigns, but this debate alone won’t cause the downfall of any candidate. Tyler Groenendal is a junior studying economics.

This debate was one of the worst displays of political theater the American people have ever seen. It was three hours of rhetoric over substance, and the primary process has suffered for it. CNN exploited personal drama between the candidates, such as the insults flung at Carly Fiorina, stooping to the level of a professional wrestling event. Republicans deserve better discourse among their leading figures. Conservatism offers serious solutions to the problems our nation faces, but unless we talk about those solutions in an intelligent and prudent way, we will be unable to convince the American people of their efficacy. None of the personalities on the stage showed true statesmanship.

The changing face of the EU By | JoAnna Kroeker Special to the Collegian

The migratory flood of Afghans, Syrians, and sub-Saharan Africans has disrupted politics and everyday life in the European Union, and European leaders are at odds trying to find a solution. Opposing responses to the crisis pitted the governments of Germany and France against those of the east European countries, but recent changes in legislature have tenuously reunited the European Union member states in the face of the crisis. September’s events demonstrate a climax in the international immigration debate and put into question the precedence of the Dublin laws and the relevance of Schengen laws. These two laws stand in opposition to each other and complicate the European Union’s ability to integrate and process asylum seekers. On September 9th, the European Commission announced plans for mandatory quotas to share out 120,000 additional asylum seekers among 25 member countries. Monday, Germany and the Czech Republic announced tighter border controls, and Tuesday, Hungary closed down its borders completely. Germany’s institution of temporary border controls along its border with Austria

highlights the pressure Germany faces, reports the BBC. Until Monday, Germany welcomed immigrants with “open borders,” and it still expects to receive 800,000 additional refugees before the end of the year. This allowance placed a strain on Germany as it picked up the slack for less welcoming countries who did not want to take a greater role in fulfilling mandatory quotas: Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Romania. Schengen, a core principle of the EU, allows for unrestricted travel between the 26 participating European countries, and operates like one state in terms of travel for international purposes, with common visas and no internal borders. At stake is the nature of the European Union, which is faced with the

Schengen. However, they created a bottleneck effect in Italy, Greece, and Hungary, overwhelming them with migrants who cannot travel to preferred countries like Germany, Britain, or Sweden until these claims are approved. The travel freedom created through Schengen makes sense for European citizens, but for unprocessed migrants, international travel creates problems for governments trying to keep track of migrants’ locations and numbers. Renegotiation of Schengen could potentially result in increased border checks and issuances of new visas, making travel between European countries much more difficult and decaying the close ties between many member countries. Germany’s new border controls signal to other

Conservatives should not approach 2016 with a sense of hopelessness. When the moderators offered Marco Rubio a chance to speak on actual issues, he spoke eloquently and presented reasonable proposals. Carly Fiorina, too, made a strong case for the seriousness of her candidacy. But there was much to be worried about, as well. The candidates simply do not seem to be taking our situation seriously. America is facing a crisis, but our “leaders” are playing rhetorical games with CNN anchors. Perhaps our best hope was not at the Reagan Library last night. Michael Lucchese is a sophomore studying American Studies.

incompliance and, in a few cases, closure of their borders. Inconsistent compliance and new, stricter border policies has created another grave consequence: smuggling rings have formed in order to take advantage of desperate migrants. More than 2,000 refugees have died during transportation because of extortion on the

“The Syrian boy, Aylan, who became an international symbol for the plight of migrants, is one of more than 2,000 refugees who have died crossing the Mediterranean.” conflict between the Dublin regulations and the Schengen laws. The Dublin laws force the member states migrants reach first to file and process asylum claims— in essence, they moderate the open border policies of

countries that they must fulfill their mandated quotas and communicate to refugees that they must go where there is room. However, Denmark and the east European member states balk at these initiatives, responding with

The Republican Party ought to send Donald Trump a fruit basket. He enlivened what would have been a policywonk snooze-fest into wildly entertaining and informative political theater. Trump was the highlight. He said things like “I’m a very militaristic person,” “I will take care of women,” and “braggodocious.” But he is no fool. His brand of straight talk, quick jabs, and endless self-referentialism works. Ben Carson should worry. He looked like a fish out of water when talking about war and foreign policy, and his domestic views were lacking. He is too laidback to generate the support needed to finish off his run. He’s in second now, but it won’t last. Carly Fiorina was articulate and forceful, but her foreign policy views were aggressive to the point of bluster. Rand

Paul was interesting at times, but nothing stood out enough to save a sinking campaign. Marco Rubio was mature and relaxed. If he doesn’t get the nomination, the VP slot is his to lose. Chris Christie was also good. He was funny, likeable, and punchy. Expect to see a lot more of him (that’s not a fat joke). Most of what happened last night doesn’t matter. Assume that the Republicans win the presidency and stay in control of Congress: it’s still incredibly unlikely that much of what was proposed last night will make it. The candidates talked nice about the Constitution, but they don’t understand it. Until they do, these debates will remain nothing more than political theater.

homicide, and aiding illegal immigration. Their brutality and profiteering is weathered by migrants who live in fear for their lives in the Islamic State. But they risk the same end in resigning themselves to being smuggled to safety. Though the border controls attempt to protect European citizens and lessen the effects of refugee surge, an unintentional side effect could be a higher rate of smuggling, and all of the crime and human rights violations that come with it. The state of the European Union depends on the developments of the refugee crisis. West European countries tried open borders for a time, a move met with resistance by east European countries. However, east European countries resent the closing of borders as well: the measure forces them to accommodate more migrants

in accordance with the quota increase. The tension currently dividing the EU will only continue to rise in the coming months, as refugees continue to migrate—legally or illegally. This pressure will fundamentally change how EU citizens understand their basic rights as citizens and potentially cause informal splits from the Union. It may also lead to renegotiations of Schengen, resulting in strict border controls for citizens. As we saw with the Euro crisis, a divided EU cannot stand, but attempts to do so on the shoulders of affluent, progressive nations like Germany. A united European Union is an integral part of the solution, a vision that the U.S and its constituents should support, especially given its current volatility.

Josiah Lippincott is a senior studying politics.

Wikimedia Commons | A segment of the Hungarian-Serbian border fence

The GOP Debate Wednesday was an echo of the previous debate, but there were small differences. Carly Fiorina, the biggest change, made it to the mainstage debate largely because of her speaking acumen. Donald Trump remained a central figure. Though more restrained than the last debate, he kept his rhetoric to the forefront. The bulk of his ire was reserved for Carly Fiorina, who responded with dignity and poise. Most of the field scrambled to attack Trump, and each other, to stay relevant. The focus of the attacks were within the Republican party, though many took shots at Democrats—easy targets like Planned Parenthood funding and foreign policy. Most of the candidates are unable to distinguish

part of smugglers, CNN reported. The small Syrian boy, Aylan, who became an international symbol for the plight of migrants, is one of these many. Smugglers caught by the police face charges of kidnapping,

JoAnna is a sophomore studying French.

A6 17 Sept. 2015

Wildwoodstock Festival rocks Jonesville The first Wildwoodstock Music Festival successfully debuts at the Wildwood Acres Campground By | Stacey Egger Collegian Reporter Clouds and cool weather couldn’t darken the spirits at the first Wildwoodstock Music Festival — which featured 11 local bands, including Hillsdale College student band the St. Joe Trio — at Wildwood Acres Campground in Jonesville Saturday. “On a day like today, I need you all to open up your minds, your hearts, and your souls, and feel…sunshine,” Derek Miller of the band Randomrare

told a shivering audience gathered in the campground outside Jonesville. Eleven local bands performed live from noon until around 11 p.m. Performances ranged from country to rockabilly and played all day from a stage set up on the edge of the campground. Jake Bearinger, the festival’s organizer and lifelong employee of the family-owned campground, said Wildwood Acres has featured many musical performances over the years, but never anything of this scale. “I think it’s amazing, and

exactly what needs to be happening,” Shane Engel, who performed Saturday under the name Hooflip, said. “People were coming out and enjoying live, original music.” All of the bands were local to Hillsdale County and neighboring counties. For many of the attendees and organizers, this meant personal connection with the performers. “I’ve seen all of them play at sets and practices and stuff, so I know the bands,” Litchfield resident Melinda Severance said. Severance said Wildwoodstock was the first music festi-

val of its kind that she has seen in the area. “Jake and I are heavily involved in the local music scene because we’re local musicians,” Adam Russell, the festival’s sound technician, said. “So that’s how we know all these guys. Plus we went to school with a lot of them.” Bearninger said between 200 and 300 people attended the festival, and while the turnout was slightly smaller than anticipated, it was significant for the festival’s first year. Attendees watched acts from picnic tables set up on the grass

and explored the campground, which included a merchandise tent, several food tents and a lake open for boating and fishing. The weather cleared as the evening went on, and musicians and attendees enjoyed clear skies, complete with a bonfire and spontaneous offstage music. The festival came together at the last minute, Bearinger said, when planning began just six weeks ago. But the organizers of Wildwoodstock are already looking ahead to next year.

“If we earn enough profit today to keep it going, then yeah, Wildwoodstock will return next year,” Russell said. “And it will be even bigger, because we’ll probably have the money for signs and stuff.” Those involved with Wildwoodstock consider music vital to a community, and hope to continue developing the music scene in the area. “The festival scene is dying,” Russell said, “and we’re hoping to keep it alive.”

Hillsdale College student band the St. Joe Trio — including seniors Frank Bruno, Conner Dwinell, and Colin Wilson — performed at the Wildwoodstock Music Festival at the Wildwood Acres Campground in Jonesville Saturday. Stacey Egger | Collegian

Sophomores Mark Naida and Andrew Kern attended the Wildwoodstock Music Festival at the Wildwoodstock Acres Campground in Jonesville Saturday. Stacey Egger | Collegian

New city manager ‘moving city forward’ By | Macaela Bennett Editor-in-Chief Only a couple months into his new job and Hillsdale City Manager David Mackie has quickly proven himself to be a positive addition to the city administration. “He’s doing an excellent job and moving the city forward,” Mayor Scott Sessions said. Mackie took over for acting City Manager Doug Terry in July, who helped keep Hillsdale on track after Linda Brown resigned for medical reasons in February. Mackie hasn’t been in charge for long, but he’s guided a number of big decisions already. These include letting go of Board of Public Utilities Director Rick Rose, hiring a new city attorney after Lew Loren announced his retirement over the summer, and addressing water and sewer leaks costing the city big bucks. Although Mackie didn’t have long to acclimate himself to the city before facing some of its serious problems, he said it helped him overcome the learning curve quicker. “It brought me up

to speed on the city’s underlying issues,” Mackie said. Amidst the high tensions induced by these situations, Mackie said he feels like he was a “calming presence” and ensured everyone could voice their opinions. “His personality is exactly what we’re looking for,” Councilman Patrick Flannery said, citing Mackie’s improvement of communication between the council, city administration, and community. Mackie’s background doesn’t include any city manager experience, but his previous job as Director of Public Services in Taylor, Michigan, and work in private development has prepared him for this position, Flannery said. Mackie said he was drawn to the job because of Hillsdale’s “progressiveness,” and he intends to build on that. “We’re not recreating the wheel, but we can see what works and model after that,” Mackie said. Looking forward, Mackie casts an optimistic vision for Hillsdale. “The city is looking to break out of the past and create a new name and

excitement for the future,” Mackie said. “I want to tap into that excitement. Some people will say, ‘We’ve always done it this way,’ but you won’t hear that from me.” Some upcoming projects for the city include: updating the Hillsdale Municipal Airport, advancing downtown development, strengthening the city’s relationship with Hillsdale College, tapping into the technological opportunities provided by fiber optic cables running beneath Hillsdale, and finding funding for road repairs. Sessions said he’s pleased with Mackie’s work thus far and looks forward to his continued impact on the city. “The city has a lot of building blocks and the city manager is one of the most important ones, because he influences almost every part,” Sessions said. “He is having a very positive impact on the city.”

The Wildwoodstock Music Festival featured several food tents at the Wildwood Acres Campground in Jonesville Saturday. Stacey Egger | Collegian

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A7 17 Sept. 2015

Broad Street limits liquor sales By |Macaela Bennett Editor-in-Chief Broad Street Downtown Market and Tavern is decreasing its hard liquor sales to focus on fostering a friendly

environment in the restaurant and bar area. The store’s management decided in mid-August to steer away from business gained through selling hard alcohol, General Manager Kevin

Kirwan said. The Market and Tavern will continue to sell and serve it, but the liquor license for Broad Street’s Liquor Cave is in the process of being purchased by another business.

“From a standpoint of being a good neighbor in town, hard alcohol when sold by the bottle is not something we want to be associated with,” Kirwan said. “We like having our craft beers and having a wide variety in bottles and on tap. It makes more sense for us to go in that direction.” Kirwan added that since liquor can now be bought from a variety of businesses around town, it makes less sense for Broad Street to be in

the market. The Liquor Cave still has some packaged alcohol for sale, but the store is running down its supply and will not restock once it’s depleted. With college students returning to campus, Kirwan said Broad Street is looking to “amp up” its events in the Underground and continue bringing in a variety of entertainment acts. The overall goal of the store, he said, is to provide a friendly

meeting ground for everyone in Hillsdale. “We are neighborhood restaurant that tries to take care of the people of this community,” Kirwan said.

Hillsdale First Presbyterian

Church leaves PCUSA By |Breana Noble Assistant Editor

With Broad Street Downtown Market and Tavern closing its Liquor Cave, its supply of packaged alcohol dwindles. The Cave is still selling what supply it has left, but it will not restock its shelves. Macaela Bennett | Collegian

MICHIGAN STATE POLICE LOCATE MISSING CHILD By | Phil DeVoe Assistant Editor Nicole Ruffin, the 32-yearold suspect in the kidnapping of her 5-year-old son, was arrested on Monday in Spring Arbor after the Michigan State Police received a tip that the boy had been reunited with his father, according to MSP. Ruffin was charged with one count of custodial interference/ kidnapping, which carries a

Mar-Vo from A1

in the late 1800s. When General Mills vacated the premises in 2003, the abandoned factory quickly became a favorite spot for local high school and college students to explore. Dr. Jeffrey Horton, a retired dentist from California, purchased the mill in 2010. Horton repaired years of damage due to vandalism and welded doors shut

one-year felony charge, and is now being held for trial. Ruffin was apprehended in Spring Arbor Township at 10:50 a.m. on Monday at the Mobil Service Center on Spring Arbor Road by officers from the Jackson branch of the MSP after a two-week manhunt, beginning after the boy was reported missing on Aug. 31. “We would like to thank an engaged citizen who called 911

after recognizing them,” the state police said in a statement. Police named Ruffin the principal suspect in the parental kidnapping case in a press release early in the search. Parental kidnapping involves the taking of a child in violation of the custodial rights of another parent or family member, which was reported by last week.

to deter frequent trespassers. With Mar-Vo moving in, abandoned exploration will be an activity of the past. Mary Wolfram, Hillsdale’s Director of Economic Development, said Wheeler’s company is what the city of Hillsdale needs to revitalize its economy. “I would say this is a game changer,” Wolfram said. “The factory was the city’s proverbi-

al white elephant in the room, and now it is occupied with a productive company generating exciting and cutting edge products. This is going to breathe life into a dead facility.”

Student leaders to advise city on courthouse annex development By | Timmy Pearce Collegian Freelancer Hillsdale’s courthouse annex will soon be redeveloped, and the city wants Hillsdale College students’ input about what to do with it. The annex is slated for redevelopment by the Michigan Economic Development Corporation through the Redevelopment Ready Community program, and Hillsdale zoning administrator Alan Beeker hopes students will provide input at a meeting at the Hillsdale Public Library on Sept. 29 at 6 p.m. Beeker applied to the MEDC on Hillsdale’s behalf to receive funding through the RRC. Hillsdale is currently in the middle of a certification process that will “help Hillsdale become more attractive to developers and investors” by providing information on what new business would do

best in the area, Beeker said. After Hillsdale passed the initial phase of qualification, Beeker reached out to director of the Student Activities Board, Anthony Manno, to obtain student input for the redevelopment project. “I wanted to see if I could get a contingent of college students to come and give us input and feedback as to what they like or don’t like about the idea,” Beeker said, “because we want to be able to draw the college students downtown to patronize the businesses.” Manno put Beeker in contact with the leadership honorary Omicron Delta Kappa. “Beeker wanted a group of young professionals to give feedback and I thought of ODK,” Manno said. “It would be a great way for them to get more involved with the student body.”

Senior Eric Walker, president of ODK, will garner student input and present their ideas at the community meeting. “ODK set the goal of bringing the information they need to that meeting,” Walker said. “We’re thinking of running a student survey to provide the answers and the information from more than 10 people, and to get the feel from everyone on campus to see what they would want.” ODK looks forward to the opportunity to do more on campus and in the town, Walker said. “At the end of last semester, when the mantle was being passed from the last circle to ours, Dr. Bart and the other seniors said, ‘Hey, we’ve really been trying to work on an initiative to bring town and gown together,’” Walker said.

The Hillsdale First Presbyterian Church cut ties with the Presbyterian Church (USA) denomination Tuesday, ending a three-year discernment battle. First Presbyterian left because of PCUSA’s growing liberal trend, evidenced by the denomination adopting changes in immigration policy, geopolitical standings, ordination requirements, and church government structure. The congregation felt isolated from the denomination for its more traditional beliefs. First Presbyterian elected to leave the denomination to join the Evangelical Presbyterian Church on Aug. 30 after the congregation voted 104-12, surpassing the Presbytery of Lake Michigan’s required threshold of 75 percent congregational approval for the church to leave the PCUSA. The Presbytery of Lake Michigan approved First Presbyterian’s request to separate from the PCUSA on Tuesday, and the EPC accepted First Presbyterian as a transitional member on Wednesday. “PCUSA, their most pressing concern is social justice,” Pastor Patti Beckman said. “Now, I’m not against social justice, and it should happen in the course of ministry, but for them, ministry might happen in the course of social justice. They are completely fixated on that. We are concerned here that the Bible is not held as the standard, the fact there are no moral standards

for those who are ordained anymore.” In 1967, PCUSA altered its confessional standard by adding other confessions to it, which, Professor of Theatre James Brandon said, “confused and even muddled some of the earlier ones.” “I just don’t think those were things that settled well with our congregation,” said Brandon, church elder and Discernment

Resolution Team member. Professor of History Tom Conner, who also served on the discernment team and is First Presbyterian’s clerk of session, agreed. “I think sooner or later this divergence was bound to happen between the liberal character of the denomination and our determination to stick to more traditional practices and understanding of things,” Conner said. The church began a preliminary discernment step in 2011 by refusing to pay the per capita assessment, a voluntary tax on each church member to go toward the presbytery, according to Conner. The church paid the $15,000 withheld for the past four years from this assessment following the congregation’s vote prior to the presbytery’s dismissal decision, Beckman said. The Gracious Separation Policy for the Presbytery of Lake Michigan is a sixstep process in which four representatives from First Presbyterian and three from the presbytery discussed the controversies surrounding the dismissal. The largest concern during negotiations focused on property rights. The PCUSA holds the First Presbyterian Church building in trust, which means the denomination owns the building for the purpose of

letting First Presbyterian use it. The PCUSA could seize the property since First Presbyterian is no longer a member of the denomination. “There are people in the congregation who are ready to walk out of this building and start worshipping in a soup kitchen somewhere because it’s not about the building,” Brandon said. “The building itself, the stain glass, the organ is priceless to our congregation.” The PCUSA and First Presbyterian agreed on an $80,000 price for the building following a complete real estate assessment, Conner said. The EPC will examine First Presbyterian’s elders and pastor after they confirm the EPC’s essential beliefs. “The last thing the EPC wants to do is admit a rebellious congregation,” Conner said. The EPC will examine Beckman on its floor, which she said could be “rigorous.” There are some churches in the EPC that do not allow for women to be ministers, which bothered some First Presbyterian members, even though the denomination does not prohibit the ordination of women ministers, Beckman said. The EPC will also allow First Presbyterian to retain ownership of its church building, according to Conner. By breaking ties with the denomination, First Presbyterian hopes people will be more inclined to visit. “We’re also hopeful that to the degree that people who might have been interested in

joining our church might be persuaded not to because of our denominational affiliation,” Conner said. “That issue will be taken care of.” The church leadership sees a bright future ahead for Hillsdale First Presbyterian Church. “It’s been a long road,” Beckman said. “There’s a new energy.”

Pastor Patti Beckman will be examined before HIllsdale First Presbyterian Church — located at 31 N. Street — may join the EPC. Breana Noble | Collegian

A8 17 Sept. 2015

Follow @HDaleSports for live updates and news




saturday, sept.



at northern michigan 4:00 pm




Lake Erie

StatS C.J. Mifsud |11-20, 121 yards, 2 TD Bennett Lewis |21 ATT, 163 YRD, 2 TD Wade Wood | 8 ATT, 108 YRD, 1 TD Joe Reverman | 5 ATT, 26 YRD, 1 TD Brian Newman | 2 REC, 20 YRD, 1 TD John Haley| 2 REC, 17 YRD, 1 TD


Women’s Cross-Country



friday, sept.

Hillsdale Mercyhurst


03 01 Hillsdale


03 01


18 7:00 pm

Lake erie


Hillsdale Johnstown

03 01

saturday, sept. at

19 2:00 pm


SeaSon LeaDerS


Kills |Kara Vyletel-71, Emily Wolfert-71 Digs | Jenalle Beaman-115, Marissa Owen-56 Aces | Wolfert-10, Beaman-8 Assists| Owen-157, Taylor Bennett-100 Blocks | Erin Holsinger-38, Wolfert-33



03 01

Women’s Tennis SATURDAY, SEPT.



Hillsdale | 7 Findlay | 2

FriDay, Sept. 18 At East Lansing, Mich.


Spartan Invitational

Tiffin |7 HIllsdale | 2

11:50 AM

Men’s Cross-Country



Upcoming SatUrDay, Sept.


At Grand Valley 2:30 PM SUnDay, Sept.

At Ferris St.

20 10:00AM




FriDay, Sept. 18

Joel Pietila-146 Henry Hitt-147 Logan Kauffman-151 Peter Benteau-157 Steve Sartore-158

At East Lansing, Mich. Spartan Invitational 11:50 AM

Upcoming Sept. 18-19 GLIAC North Invitational At South Haven, Mich.

Volleyball enters league play after historic weekend By | Jessie Fox Assistant Editor For the first time since 2006, the Hillsdale women’s volleyball team went 4-0 in a weekend tournament. Hillsdale defeated Mercyhurst and Ursuline last Friday then continued their winning streak on Saturday beating Pittsburgh-Johnstown and Cedarville. The perfect weekend improved the Chargers’ record to 6-1 as they enter conference play this Friday at Lake Erie at 7 p.m. “Since I’ve been here this is the best we’ve ever started, so that makes me feel really good,” senior co-captain setter Marissa Owen said. “We’ve usually done really well in conference so I’m not too worried, but I know a lot of teams have some good lineups this year. All of our games are going to be battles.” Head coach Chris Gravel identified his team’s strength last weekend to be its accurate passes and digs. “We’ve made some really nice passes in transition so we are able to run the offense. Everybody seems to want the ball right now and our setters are delivering.” Junior middle hitter Erin Holsinger agreed. “We passed really well so then we were able to run our

Charger seniors huddle up before a match last season. Anders Kiledal | Collegian

offense really well,” she said. “When we do that it makes everything flow.” The weekend’s accurate passes allowed the Chargers to run a powerful offense and utilize multiple hitters. Owen, who had a season-high 30 assists against Mercyhurst, said she enjoyed setting because of her hitters’ versatility. “I have so many options,” Owen said. “If one lineup isn’t working I can say, ‘Hey, you go here instead,’ and I can mix

it up. That’s been really helpful especially if we’re stuck in a rotation and we can make changes.” The weekend featured three different leaders in kills, and, in total, five Chargers racked up double-digit kills during single matches. Holsinger said the Chargers’ offense has been a full team effort. “It really just depends on the day, everyone’s numbers are up there,” Holsinger said regarding kills. “We spread the

sets out pretty evenly which is why our offensive is so effective. It’s also nice having freshmen come in and be able to rack up a lot of points and be so effective and so young.” On Friday, one of those effective freshman Paige VanderWall spiked 15 kills against Mercyhurst, the most kills by a freshman in a single match since 2012. VanderWall then continued to lead her team with 11 kills against Ursuline. An impressive performance by senior defensive specialist Jenalle Beaman started on Friday when she picked up a season-high 19 digs for the Chargers. Beaman, who stepped into the defensive specialist role this season, continued to lead her team in digs throughout the weekend. “I can’t say enough about Jenalle stepping into the libero role,” Gravel said. “It’s funny, in hitters’ warmups she’s been the hardest hitter in the gym. The other coaches are like, ‘Why do you have her at libero?’ and well, our libero is hurt and she plays that position very well and we have other people who can get kills. It’s absolutely hilarious, but she’s gone in there and just embraced it.” On Saturday, senior co-captain right side hitter Haylee Booms led her team with 12 kills against Pittsburgh-Johnstown. Then, against Cedar-

ville, freshman outside hitter Kara Vyletel led with 15 kills while senior middle hitter Emily Wolfert contributed 13 kills and 9 blocks. Vyletel and Wolfert were each named to the All-Tournament team. Saturday also showcased the Charger’s effective front row offense, according to Holsinger who committed 10 of the team’s 15 blocks against Pittsburgh-Johnstown. “I was not alone,” Holsinger said. “We had a really good blocking weekend and we will continue working on it this week. We want to be the best blocking team in the GLIAC.” The Chargers have been running a 6-2 offense, utilizing both Owen and freshman Taylor Bennett as setters. This offense allows the Chargers to employ right side hitters such as Booms and junior Kyra Rodi who had an errorless match and six kills against Ursuline. Gravel said this is the most playing time he’s ever given to a freshman setter. “Looking back at great setters in the past, they didn’t set a whole lot their freshman year,” Gravel said. “We don’t know how the season is going to end out, we might end out with Marissa setting a 5-1 or Taylor setting a 5-1, but right now this gives us a great chance of winning.”

The Chargers hope to carry their high chances of winning into conference play as they head to Lake Erie this Friday. Kevin Foeman, who served as the assistant coach at Hillsdale for the past two years, is in his first year as the Storm’s head coach. Owen and Holsinger said the team is excited to see Foeman, and also to show him and his new team their talent. “We’re really excited to see what he’s done with the program because he’s really excited to turn it around and all we’re really hoping that he does,” Owen said. “We play them again on our senior night which will be perfect because Foeman will get to be there for that. But coach Gravel mentioned that we want to make them scared to come back at the end of the season, and we’re ready to do that.” On Saturday, the Chargers will travel to Ashland to take on the Eagles at 2 p.m. Gravel said matches against Ashland have always been competitive due to rivalry and similar playing styles. “Whenever we play, it doesn’t matter what anybody’s record is, it’s always a long, drawn-out, hard match with a lot emotion,” Gravel said. “For lack of better terms, our teams just don’t like each other. We respect them but we just don’t like them.”

Women’s basketball welcomes new assistant coaches New coaching staff brings diverse experience to Chargers

By | Sarah Chavey Collegian Reporter The two new assistant women’s basketball coaches bring positivity and a fresh start to the team, according to students. One founded an Amateur Athletic Union team while the other worked in the WNBA, creating a dynamic atmosphere with plenty of new ideas. In response, Matthew Hilkens and Lisa Ballenger both say the quality of the Hillsdale students impresses them, especially in comparison to other places they’ve worked or studied. “The standards that the school follows are so different than really anywhere any of us have ever coached; it’s such a higher quality of student athletes to work with,” Hilkens said. “There are so many things we don’t have to worry about that we had to worry about at D-I schools, such as kids go-

Matthew Hilkens most recently coached at Sienna Heights University. Ben Strickland | Collegian

Lisa Ballenger worked for the WNBA’s Chicago Sky in 2013. Ben Strickland | Collegian

ing to class,” Ballenger said, expressing enthusiasm for the lack of study tables as well. “Our GPA as a team is a 3.34 after last semester. The girls are extremely proactive about their academics, and it’s an awesome stress relief for us so we can focus on basketball.” This is not Hilkens’ first experience with head coach Todd Mitmesser, who was an assistant coach at University of Toledo while Hilkens was a practice player. “This job was a great opportunity to reconnect with

ter of a Division I basketball player and 20-year coach, she said she’s been passionate about basketball since before she started playing as a 5-yearold. She played at Wheaton College and spent a year in the WNBA with the Chicago Sky as part of their basketball operations staff. She was only 15 when she decided she wanted to coach. Her first experiences were with high school and AAU teams, and she most recently coached at the University of Nevada at Reno for two years. She’s still

Coach Mit and coach with him and learn from him again,” Hilkens said. In addition to his time at Toledo, Hilkens also played a year at Trine University. Since then, he’s coached at Owens Community College and Sienna Heights University, and he has also founded and coached his own AAU team, Michigan Elite. His experience at Toledo made him realize he wanted to coach competitive college basketball. Ballenger has known basketball all her life. The daugh-

trying to adjust to Hillsdale’s small town atmosphere. “I’m kind of an organic-eating type of person, and there’s three shelves in Kroger. I’m used to having a Whole Foods and a Trader Joe’s. I’m used to having multiple options,” Ballenger said with a laugh as Hilkens agrees. Despite the lack of organic food, Ballenger said she’s thrilled with the people. “I’ve never met so many friendly people who are more than willing to bend over backwards to help me,” Bal-

lenger said. The students shared their excitement for the year as well. “These assistant coaches are much more individualized, so they’ll tell you individually what you need to work on instead of always just repeating one thing that the team needs to do better,” sophomore forward Jessica De Gree said. “They want to know how they can coach us better, and they want to know us as players and know each of us individually outside of basketball as well. It’s been a refreshing change,” senior guard Madison Berry added. She said the entire team has noticed improved positivity. De Gree loved their first practice together, and said she came out with more of an attacking mindset. “I definitely think they’re a lot more engaging and energetic, especially because both Ballenger and coach Hilkens played. They know a little bit more about the athletes’ psyche and they’re able to push us,” De Gree said. The new coaches will experience their first game day on Nov. 13 against the University of Illinois Springfield in Lebanon, Illinois.

A9 17 Sept. 2015

In pursuit of ‘kleos:’ Ultimate Frisbee Club starts up new season Frisbee players compete for glory on the quad By |Breana Noble Assistant Editor The frisbee flew toward junior Luke Zahari. As he jumped for the disc, his right arm interlocked with another player’s, so Zahari flung out his left hand, diving for the flying disc. With arms preoccupied and nothing to take his fall, Zahari’s face smashed into the ground. His sunglasses cracked under the pressure, leaving the then-freshman with a black eye and a red gash down the side of his face. “I made a name for that,” Zahari said. Though his first Ultimate Frisbee Club combine did not go quite as planned, Wes Wright ‘15 drafted Zahari for his team in the group’s league, writing in his notes, underlined: TOUGH. The club kicked off its not-for-the-faint-of-heart third annual Ultimate Frisbee league Saturday on the quad following its Sept. 6 combine. Students at the tryout showed their quickness, learned new throws, and the eight student coaches drafted teams of seven or eight play-

Junior Michael Farrell looks to throw to a teammate as freshman Josh Bailey plays defense. Breana Noble | Collegian

ers. The 51 total players will be members of these teams through the end-of-season tournament on Oct. 31. “The league this year is looking really balanced,” club president senior Nathan Wilson said. “I don’t think there is one team that will totally sweep the court, and I don’t think there’s one team that won’t have a chance, which is really exciting because we want it to be the best opportunity to everyone involved.” When selecting team members, captains looked at a variety of player traits. Some focused on character.

“I personally like to build teams that I know. I like to build relationships,” Wilson said. “I really look for players that are there and passionately play and don’t necessarily get discouraged when they don’t do well.” Others looked at physicality. “I tried to compensate for my weaknesses, so I tried to get a bunch of taller players,” said club secretary senior Elisabeth Wynia , who is 5-feet-6inches tall. “I’m shorter than the average guy and player in the league.” Some, of course, focused on

Golf hits their goals in first tournament of the season By | Christy Allen Collegian Freelancer Head coach Nathan Gilchrist predicted that the Hillsdale College golf team would shoot sub-300 scores this season. On their first day of tournament play, the team did just that. The Chargers played at Bucknell Golf Club in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, over the weekend for their first tournament in the non-championship season. The team carded a 295 for the first day of play and followed it with a 305 for Sunday’s round. The Chargers finished with a total team score of 600 and in seventh place out of twelve teams. Their placement is especially impressive as they were the only Division II athletes amid a field of Division I golfers. In their first collegiate appearance, freshmen Joel Pietila and Henry Hitt led the team through rain on the first day, each carding a one-over par score of 71. Pietila went on to become the overall team low scorer with a 146, finishing tied for 11th place. Hitt finished one shot behind Pietila with a 147, placing him tied for 16th.

Each player contributed to the Charger’s strong showing. Sophomore Logan Kauffman, freshman Peter Beneteau and sophomore captain Steven Sartore shot tournament scores of 151, 157 and 158, respectively. Though Robert Morris University won the tournament with a 574, players and coaches alike are pleased with the team’s performance and the learning experience the invitational provided. “The low scoring of each player is a sign of growth for our team,” Gilchrist said. “It is a sign of the direction we’re headed.” Reflecting on their first tournament weekend as Chargers, Hitt and Pietila had similar sentiments. “It’s a new environment with higher caliber players than high school,” Hitt said. Because the first tournament was Division I, Hitt didn’t know what to expect but noticed a different atmosphere. “Everyone there was capable of shooting a 68 and that pushes you throughout the day to play better. It’s great to be with tough competition.” As for Pietila, the course allowed him to play to his strengths. “The course fit my

game specifically. I’m accurate off the tee, which is needed there. When I was in trouble, I was able to recover.” Pietila’s patience and ability were not lost on his coach, either. Gilchrist remarked that Pietila is “very mature as a player.” “Each round players are faced with challenges and Pietila has a very balanced emotional state that allows him to grind out through tough situations,” he said. Gilchrist emphasized that the team overall has those same qualities, saying “they were very good at taking bad bounces and the weather with a grain of salt. They embraced it and dug deep amid the higher level of competition.” Gilchrist hopes they can continue to do so. This weekend, the Chargers take on the GLIAC North Invitational in South Haven, Michigan. “It’s the first introduction to this year’s conference competition and a preview of the conference championship in the spring,” Gilchrist said. If last weekend’s finish is any indication of future performance, the Chargers have a lot to look forward to.

the player’s skills at handling the frisbee and receiving it. “I’m a versatile player. I wanted to draft more handlers. I have more experience as a receiver,” said Zahari, who is the league’s commissioner. “I didn’t intend for it this way, but I ended up drafting five freshmen and a sophomore. I was a little nervous when I saw that happen. There’s not a whole lot of experience on my team.” A single moment at the combine can allow players to get noticed, as in Zahari’s instance. His “tough” behavior, however, is only one of the nu-

merous stories about injuries and challenges in ultimate. “All the memories that are the strongest memories are, ‘Oh, I got injured,’” Wynia said. One of the largest challenges is the season’s culmination in a double elimination tournament completed in a single day. “It’s pretty strenuous,” Zahari said. “Teams will play four or five games to determine the champion.” The winning team of the tournament, however, gets more than just bragging rights, according to Zahari. They also earn “kleos,” which is an ancient Greek word for glory. Getting to the tournament, however, requires teamwork. Proving “frisbeeing” ability to teammates can be challenging, as Wynia, the only female captain and one of a few women on the roster, found. During her freshman year, Wynia proved her talents as a frisbee player, prompting others to throw her the disc more often. “I’m average among the guys, but for a girl, my talents and abilities stand out more because they’re not expecting it,” Wynia said. Another aspect of the game that isn’t always predictable, especially in Michigan, is the weather. Through wind, sun, rain, and even snow, these athletes will continue to play their sport so long as it is safe and feasible.

The first games of the league Saturday featured chilly temperatures in the upper 50s and some wind. “Weather transforms it; you have to work a lot more closely as a team,” Wilson said. “Often you’re not just fighting the opponent; you’re fighting the wind.” During this year’s combine, a player suffered from “heat-related” distress, but the student immediately found sanctuary in air conditioning, Zahari said. Last year’s tournament occurred with frost on the ground, leading to a wide range of uniform choices as some students braved shorts while others bundled into snowsuits. Nonetheless, despite these challenges, the group fosters a community through the obstacles and encourages students, even if they did not participate in the combine, to join its pickup games and substitute into weekend league competitions on the quad. “I got here, and I had zero talent,but the group is so friendly and welcoming, you go out there and have fun immediately,” junior coach Don McChesney said. That community fosters an overall love for the sport. “Ultimate has a special place in my heart,” Wilson said. “The kinesthetic activity is just a real work of beauty, almost a dance.”

Softball enjoys early success in fall season By | Jessie Fox Assistant Editor After just one week of practice, the Hillsdale softball team played its first games of the fall season last weekend in Canton, Michigan. The Chargers tied 8-8 against Cleary University and defeated University of Detroit Mercy 2-0 on Saturday. On Sunday, the Chargers defeated both University of Michigan Dearborn 8-4 and Grand Rapids Community College 11-1. “For the most part we came out just like it was a continuation of last spring because we only have three freshmen,” head coach Joe Abraham said. “The three freshmen are being asked to learn stuff on the fly because there are so few of them. The coaching staff just wants to pick up where we left off and they have to get onboard going 70 miles per hour.” Despite having little time to adjust, the freshmen came ready to play according to Abraham. “Katie Kish got on base several times, Amanda Marra hit the ball hard, and Carly Gouge also looked solid at the plate,” Abraham said. “There

are a few things that we’re still teaching them, but overall they fit in just fine.” In addition, Abraham said the sophomore class stood out as Haley Lawrence hit over .500 for the Chargers and Kelsey Gockman “hit into some bad luck but hit the ball hard.” Senior pitchers Sarah Grunert and Sarah Klopfer worked together for a steady weekend on the mound. Grunert and Klopfer combined to shutout D-I school Detroit Mercy on Saturday. “Both Sarahs pitched well,” Abraham said. “Grunert had a couple rocky innings at the very start of the first game, but after that they both pitched really well.” Yesterday, the Chargers hosted Kellogg Community College in a double-header that will not count towards the teams’ records. Senior catcher Danielle Garceau hit a walk-off single to give the Chargers a 3-2 victory in game one. In game two, the Chargers turned up the intensity to secure an 8-2 win. “Kellogg is a really good community college with a pitcher who’s being looked at by a bunch of Division I

schools,” Abraham said. “They regularly send girls on to Division I schools.” On Oct. 3 and 4 the Chargers will hit the road again to make its annual stop at Ohio State University. The Chargers will play in a tournament against Division I, II, and III competition. “That’s always a fun tournament because we have a lot of girls from Ohio and we recruit there every bit as much as we do in Michigan,” Abraham said. On October 9, Hillsdale will host Jackson College, which is coached by Hillsdale softball alumn Jamie Vandenburg, to wrap up its fall season. Assistant coach Tristan Wilcox was impressed by her first weekend on the field with the Chargers. “I enjoyed seeing the girls in action, seeing them on the field, and seeing them interact,” Wilcox said. “It’s so enjoyable coaching them because they’re a smart group of girls who know the game really well.”

Women’s tennis continues strong start to season Chargers split weekend as freshmen continue to shine By | Hannah Leitner Collegian Reporter After breaking their twomatch win streak with a 7-2 loss to Tiffin on Saturday, the Hillsdale women’s tennis team rallied and won 7-2 against Findlay on Sunday. Saturday’s loss to the Dragons gave the Chargers their first defeat of the season. “They are definitely the toughest team we’ve played yet,” said head coach Nikki Walbright, whose team is now 3-1 on the season. Walbright said it was a good learning experience for the women and gave them momentum they needed for the rest of the weekend. “I think we can definitely beat that team. They just kind of threw us. Their game style is different from anyone on our team or in the league,” Walbright said. Despite the overall loss, freshman Corinne Prost had an exceptional day, posting the sole win for the Chargers at No. 5 singles. Prost then teamed up with junior Dana Buck for No. 2 doubles, gaining a second victory for Hillsdale.

Freshman Halle Hyman hits a backhand in her 1-6, 6-2, 6-3 loss to Caroline Nelhage on Saturday. Brendan Miller | Collegian

Prost described the win as “bittersweet”, and accredits her victories to the on-court coaching of Walbright and volunteer assistant coach Katrin Gross, who is a foreign exchange student from Germany. “The wins carry two independent perspectives,” Prost said. “As a single player, I’m proud of myself, but as a teammate, I’m saddened. I would trade in my two wins if it meant the rest of the team would win, just so I could rejoice in the

team victory, as opposed to a small, sole celebration.” The team came back strong the following day, pulling a 7-2 victory over Findlay raising their season record to 3-1. Walbright said the team was eager to make up for the previous day’s loss. “I think Saturday really helped get their minds set. Every match is going to be very tough, and they need to be very confident and adaptable,” Walbright said. Prost capped off her

Freshman Corinne Prost hits a backhand in her 6-1, 6-2 victory over Findlay’s Anna Foreman on Sunday. Carsten Stann | Collegian

matches with another win at No. 5 doubles, and then once again joined forces with Buck to complete her perfect weekend score. “Corinne and I went out there and fought hard and played tight tennis, and then she went out there and had an amazing singles match too,” Buck said. “I was so proud.” Freshmen Halle Hyman and Julia Formentin contributed to the score with an 8-1 win at No. 3 doubles. Hyman continued with a 6-3, 6-4 win

at No. 1 singles. At No. 3 and 4 singles, veteran players seniors Lindsay Peirce and Sydney Delp cruised to straight-set victories. At No. 6 singles, freshman Madeline Bissett eased to a 6-0, 6-1 win. “The most difficult part of the weekend may have been regenerating the strength to fight again on Sunday after Saturday’s loss,” Prost said. “The uncertainty of the next day weighed over us, but I’m proud to say our team pulled

through and more.” Now the Chargers prepare for their matches against Grand Valley State and Ferris this coming weekend. Walbright said Grand Valley and Ferris are a couple of the toughest teams in the GLIAC, but she is excited to see how the weekend will turn out. “We’re a great team, and I think we definitely have the ability to beat them, but we know it’s going to be a challenge,” Walbright said. “We will have to earn it.”



Hillsdale rushes for 350 yards in 52-29 victory over Lake Erie Storm By |Nathanael Meadowcroft four plays to drive 55 yards for to finish off their drives with coaching if I’ve ever coached in be bigger, tougher, and stronger their opening touchdown. The touchdowns. The Storm fin- a game where there were zero than everybody that they play,” Sports Editor Storm responded with a field ished with 561 yards of offense, penalty yards for a football Karmie said. “We need to be The biggest party on Satur- goal, but the Chargers followed 90 more yards than the Char- team,” Otterbein said. “That’s ready to have a really physical day night went down at Frank that up with a four-play, 60- gers collected. like the teenager, we just didn’t knock-down drag-out game for “Muddy” Waters Stadium. yard touchdown drive. Hills“The biggest thing I see on caught.” 60 minutes.” Behind an offensive out- dale continued to attack Lake the defensive side of the ball is The Chargers’ win gave Northern Michigan is 459 burst not seen in Hillsdale in Erie with the running game, we’ve got to eliminate giving up them a 1-1 record, while Lake miles from Hillsdale, so the five years, the Hillsdale College and by halftime the Chargers the big play, whether it’s run or Erie fell to 0-2 with the loss. Chargers will have to endure Chargers sped past the Lake held a 31-14 advantage. pass,” Otterbein said. “To have Hillsdale hits the road on Sat- their first lengthy trip of the Erie Storm 52-29. Hillsdale scored 21 unan- any sustained success we can’t urday for their first away game season. “That’s the most fun I think swered points in the second give up the big plays we’re giv- of the season, a 4 p.m. date with “It’s a long bus ride,” Otterall of us have had playing foot- half to put the game away. ing up now.” Northern Michigan University. bein said. “We’ve got to rent a ball in a long time,” senior left Lake Erie’s offense moved The Chargers finished the “Concept-wise, they don’t lot of movies.” guard Justice Karmie said. “We the ball effectively through- game without being penalized. throw a ton at you, but their were out there having a good out the game, but weren’t able “I don’t know in 36 years of whole persona is they want to time, and that’s something we want to be able to do every week.” Karmie and the rest of the Chargers’ offensive line opened up the running lanes, and Hillsdale’s tailbacks took advantage. Junior Bennett Lewis rushed for 163 yards and two touchdowns on 21 carries, and senior Wade Wood finished with 108 yards and a touchdown on just eight touches. Lewis and Wood are the first pair of Hillsdale players to rush for 100 or more yards in the same game in 11 years. “We were just having fun,” Lewis said. “We all wanted to do well and we were just having fun out there with our offensive line. It was good to get a win.” As a team, the Chargers finished with 350 yards of offense on the ground and 471 yards overall. “Our offensive line did a really good job controlling the line of scrimmage,” head coach Keith Otterbein said. “I thought on both sides of the ball we did a nice job controlling the line of scrimmage.” Senior tailback Wade Wood runs down the sideline with Storm defensive back Maurice Hale in pursuit. Wood rushed for 108 yards and a The Chargers needed just touchdown on just eight carries. Brendan Miller | Collegian

Hillsdale’s offense lines up two yards out of the end zone. The Chargers finished Saturday’s game with 471 total yards, leading to their biggest point total at home since 2009. Carsten Stann | Collegian

GLIAC Standings NORTH DIVISION Michigan Tech


Grand Valley


Ferris St.






Northern Mich.


Wayne St.


Saginaw Valley








Ohio Dominican


Lake Erie






New assistant coach energizes softball program Wilcox’s experience and youth makes immediate impact By | Jessie Fox Assistant Editor

As a freshman at Aurora University, Tristan Wilcox asked herself, “What is my passion? What do I love?” and realized the clear answer was softball. After graduating and spending two years as a graduate assistant, Wilcox accepted the position as the new Hillsdale softball assistant coach to continue pursuing her ultimate passion. “I realized softball is the thing I really enjoy doing, I just love being around the sport whether it’s lessons, coaching, playing, anything,” Wilcox said, remembering her pivotal decision. “I said, ‘Alright, I want to coach,’ because it’s the next best thing to playing.” When she was nine years old, Wilcox bought a pair of cleats and volunteered as a pick-up player for her first travel team. Ten softball-filled summers later, Wilcox ended her career as a travel player and be-

gan her career as both a travel softball coach and a collegiate player. During her impressive four years playing catcher, first base, and third base for Aurora, Wilcox was named the Northern Athletic Conference Player of the Year in 2013 and was twice named the Aurora University Female Athlete of the Year (2012, 2013). She was also named First-Team All-Conference four times and First-Team All-Region three times. Wilcox was offered the Aurora softball program’s first graduate assistant position during her senior year and decided it was an opportunity she could not turn down. “I was pretty much a fulltime coach,” Wilcox said. “I was in the office for 40 plus hours a week, I did all the behind the scenes work, the compliance, and the budget. Basically, I did all of the things a normal graduate assistant wouldn’t do.” It was this experience that landed Wilcox the initial phone interview for the assistant position at Hillsdale, said head coach Joe Abraham. “She had the perfect background for the position,” Abraham said. “She was a catcher, she has some experience with pitchers, and she had two years of basically being in the assistant coach’s role.”

Softball assistant coach Tristan Wilcox pauses for a photo during a practice. Wilcox comes to Hillsdale after working as a graduate assistant at Aurora University. Courtesy Photo | Bekah Kastning

In combination with her noteworthy resume, Wilcox’s personality sealed the deal. “We thought that she was really just the the overall package: she has the maturity, she’s articulate, and was the most prepared for the interview,” Abraham said. “And she was also just friendly, it was really

nothing complicated.” Abraham said that when looking for an assistant coach, it ultimately comes down to finding someone who he will get along with. As an assistant coach at Hillsdale, Wilcox will be an overall coach, working with players in all aspects of the

game as well as aiding Abraham in all of the behind the scenes work. Wilcox identifies her age as one of her strengths as a collegiate coach, and junior center fielder Bekah Kastning agrees. “My first impression of Tristan was that she looked confident, knowledgeable, and

would fit in really well with our team,” Kastning said. “She was in college just a few years ago, so she knows exactly what we’re going through and understands our mindsets.” Wilcox graduated in 2013 with a bachelor’s degree in fitness and health promotion and then went on to earn her masters in business, with a specialization in leadership. Wilcox said that the leadership courses she took during her masters have helped with her coaching technique tremendously. Hillsdale’s location and unique ideology were the factors that stood out to Wilcox after researching the college. Only three hours away from her family in Lafayette, Indiana, Wilcox said she will be able to visit them with ease. In addition, Wilcox said she appreciated the school’s overall philosophy. Wilcox said she admires the success Abraham has had in his five years at Hillsdale, and comes to the program with goals of her own. “Everyone wants to get a national title, but in the shortterm we would love to finish first in the conference,” Wilcox said. “With us switching conferences in the next couple of years it would be great to go out on a high note.”

B1 17 Sept. 2015

ARTISTS AMONG US: BRAD BLACKHAM Hillsdale’s director of keyboard studies has spent a lifetime ‘courting his instrument’

Director of Keyboard Studies Brad Blackham instructs freshman Brooke Conrad. Blackham, who has been at Hillsdale 11 years, performs in a faculty recital Sunday. Collegian | Madeline Barry

By | Andrew Egger Assistant editor It’s no secret that Hillsdale College knows how to put on a show. Every year, an impressive assortment of musicians trek to campus, braving the backwater to wow the college and community with eye-popping showmanship and technical skill. But while Hillsdale’s flashiest musical moments may belong to the Aaron Carters and Broadway’s Next Hit Musicals of the world, some of the most transcendent performances have been homebrewed affairs courtesy of the college’s own faculty. And few have contributed more of these transcendent performances than has Hillsdale’s resident crack pianist, Director of Keyboard Studies Brad Blackham.This Sunday, Blackham will join forces with other music faculty and a pair of guest artists in a chamber recital in Markel Auditorium. Adjunct Instructor of Music Jonathan Chesson will kick off the performance with Frédéric Chopin’s alternately tranquil and exuberant “Andante Spianato and Grande Polonaise Brilliante, op. 22.” A string quintet, featuring Blackham and Director of String Studies Melissa Knecht, will then tackle Franz Schubert’s “Trout Quintet,” which Schubert based on his earlier song “The Trout.” “I like to think of it as the further adventures of the fish,” Blackham said. Like his music department cohorts, Blackham wears many hats, with plenty of experience bouncing between the studio and the stage. And according to his students, he excels equally in both. “We sort of joke that lessons with Blackham are super depressing, because he’s so incredible,” Addison Stumpf ’15 said. “But actually they’re not, because it’s not just this vast jump of discontinuity. Rather than it being a cliff of experience difference, he makes it a staircase — a very, very long staircase, but one that is theoretically climbable.” In the studio, Blackham is known for three things: his laid-back personality, technical insight and skill, and the staggering breadth of his repertoire. His students laugh ruefully about laboring over difficult passages for hours in practice,

only to have their professor sit down and, seemingly without effort, bring their piece to life. “He’s a far, far better pianist than I will ever be, certainly,” Stumpf said. “Better than most of the people at this school will ever be. But he’s able to communicate in a way that still comes across: even if you’re like, ‘I can’t play that piece as flawlessly as you just did,’ you’re still getting something from the example he’s giving.” “My freshman year, the one thing that really stuck with me in Western Heritage was learning about ‘sprezzatura,’ the Italian word for making everything look effortless,” Pat D’Amato ’14 said. “That’s the word I’d use to sum up the way that he performs — just the way his hands glide over the keys, all the difficult repertoire. You watch his fingers, how insanely fast they navigate the piano, but then you look at his expression and it looks like he’s not working hard at all. He makes complicated things sound really effortless and gorgeous.” Over his 11-year teaching tenure at Hillsdale, Blackham has brought that sprezzatura to performance after performance — by himself, in collaboration with other faculty (including his wife, Lecturer in Music Kristen Matson), and even with the college choirs and orchestra. “His last faculty recital he did the whole first book of Debussy’s preludes,” Stumpf said. “It was absolutely astounding. There’s such a breadth of expression there, but he made them all come across and just gave them all their individual characters. And the year before that he played ‘Rhapsody in Blue’ with the orchestra. He just threw himself into the piece.” It’s all in a day’s work for a man who has spent his entire life courting his instrument. After he began picking tunes out on the piano at age 4, Blackham’s adoptive parents enrolled him in private lessons. As he got older, he didn’t follow popular contemporary artists. Instead, he spent his time listening to the premier concert pianists of his day. “At that time, Arthur Rubinstein was one of my favorites, and Vladimir Horowitz,” Blackham said. “Those guys probably would have been the two biggest names that I latched onto. Probably it was like 8, 9, 10 years old, somewhere around there.” See Blackham, B2

The third mural in the Hillsdale Community Mural Project in downtown Hillsdale was completed this summer. It depicts the town’s railroad era. Collegian | Gionna Eden

DOWNTOWN MURAL CELEBRATES HILLSDALE’S RAILWAY HEYDAY By | Gionna Eden Collegian freelancer The glory of the railroad era now stands on display in downtown Hillsdale, preserved in a mural completed in June. The mural is the third in the Ladies Beautification League of Hillsdale’s Community Mural Project. It depicts an imagined scene from Hillsdale’s railroad era, a time when more than 20 passenger trains passed through the town each day, according to the league’s website. Now, the league hopes the mural will bring a little of that railroad-era excitement to modern downtown Hillsdale, and be another kind of benefit to the community. “Great art brings people downtown to look, shop, eat, and explore,” Laura Smith, founding member of the Ladies Beautification League, said. Artist Wes Hardin designed this mural to feature 10 portraits of in-

dividuals who have greatly impacted the community. This includes the city’s four “founding fathers” — Henry Waldron, Chauncey Ferris, John Potter Cook, and Charles T. Mitchell — who lean against the engine at the left of the painting. At the right of the mural are portraits of others who also contributed to the community, whether recently or in the past. By making a donation to the Hillsdale Community Mural Project, individuals could purchase these portraits on a first-come, first-serve basis, and then pick a face to have added to the wall. Arlan Gilbert, retired history professor and Hillsdale College historian, sponsored a portrait of Ransom Dunn, the founder and first president of Hillsdale College. Gilbert said he thought Dunn naturally deserved a place on the mural because of how important the college has always been to the town. Other portraits include portrayals of a World War II fighter pilot and his “Rosie the Riv-

eter” wife, a current resident and 55year member of the Hillsdale Garden Club, and a farmer and strong mason who helped construct the Hillsdale Post Office. The idea for the mural project was born five years ago in the aftermath of the economic downturn. A group of moms attended Michigan State University’s Small Town Design Initiative in Hillsdale in hopes of finding a way to help the struggling city recover. They decided on a mural project as a tangible way to unite the community and revitalize the downtown area. The first mural depicts springtime in Mrs. Stock’s Park circa 1920. The second is located at the Field of Dreams community park and features a historic baseball scene. The project’s overarching purpose — and the mission of the league as a whole — is to honor the town’s history, encourage economic development, and bring members of the community together through the enhancement and beautification of the

city. The community has already rallied together as a result of this project when the town observed Train Mural Celebration Day on June 12, honking or waving as they passed Hardin throughout the painting process. According to Smith, a once unremarkable cement wall is now “a spot

of beauty, reminding those who pass it of our great historic past. It should inspire us all to get on board and love this city we call home.”

B2 17 Sept. 2015

Arts News


Giannina Imperial and fellow band members launch ‘The Ninth Hour, Vol.1’ on iTunes and Spotify

Sept. 

By | Madeline Fry Collegian freelancer When sophomore Giannina Imperial and her friends first started jamming together in the music room after classes each day back in high school, they never anticipated how far their music-making would take them. But as of this summer, the band — The Ninth Hour — has released its debut album “The Ninth Hour, Vol. 1” on iTunes and Spotify. The Ninth Hour was formed in 2012, while its members were all students at Lumen Christi Catholic High School in Jackson, Michigan. The friends used to recover from eight hours of classes by enjoying music together in the hour after the school day — the “ninth” hour, which eventually inspired the band’s name. According to Imperial, after the students began to swap ideas and “accidentally write songs,” The Ninth Hour started to evolve from a simple musical hangout to a serious creative endeavor. The group started to perform at school functions, but it wasn’t until early May of this year that the band’s 10 current members first discussed producing an album. Three months later, “The Ninth Hour, Vol. 1,” was released on Aug. 20. It contains 10 original songs which range in style from plaintive ballads to earnest love songs to instrumental jazz pieces. Led by Justin Marcero, the choral director of Lumen Christi, and comprised of both students and alumni, The Ninth Hour used many instruments throughout the 10 tracks, including guitar, trumpet, saxophone, and drums. The album’s purpose, according to Imperial, is to “show what the group has accomplished” as well as raise money for the school’s music program. A portion of the proceeds from the album’s sales will go toward Lumen Christi’s music department and will help purchase more advanced recording equipment. Imperial, a vocalist and pianist, wrote the original song “Man or a Memory” for the album. She said it describes her experience of losing a best friend. “Now that he’s gone, what will he be — a man or a memory?” she asks in the chorus. “What will you make him be?” This sort of cathartic writing process is a significant aspect of the band’s mission, which is, in part, “to be able to learn together how to

College Night at the Underground features the Cadillac Ranch Band 9 p.m.-12 a.m. Broad Street Downtown Market

Sept.  Matthew Parker Concert 7 p.m. Historic Dawn Theater Tickets $5 | Doors Open 6:30

Sept. 

Faculty Chamber Recital features works by Schubert and Chopin 3 p.m. Markel Auditorium Sage Center for the Arts

Hillsdale profs to perform Schubert

Sophomore Giannina Imperial and other members of the band The Ninth Hour released their debut album Aug. 20. From left to right: Joey Imperial, John Slough, Justin Marcero, Daniel Nowinski, and Giannina Imperial. photo courtesy Giannina imperial

transcribe our experiences and creativity into the form of a song,” according to Imperial. She and other members also emphasized the importance of collaboration. Guitarist Daniel Nowinski said the band’s mission is simply “to bring people together and create music.” Additionally, Imperial hopes to emphasize that music is meant to be fun, something people often

lose sight of amid the mundanity of practice. The Ninth Hour’s Facebook page describes the band’s style as “always fun, energetic, and soulful.” “Most of the songs when they are first written are on one instrument, but then are brought to the group to see how we can expand the sound in depth,” Marcero said. “It’s a lot of fun to watch — and participate — in the formation and growth of each

By | Jessica Hurley collegian freelancer

song.” If all goes well, will a second volume appear someday? Perhaps — Marcero hopes that members will continue writing songs individually and refining them together in order to “accomplish a similar album in the future.”

Hillsdale’s own Director of String Studies Melissa Knecht, Director of Keyboard Studies Brad Blackham, Lecturer in Music David Peshlakai, and Adjunct Instructor in Music Jonathan Chesson join visiting artists Anna Bittar-Weller and Derek Weller this weekend to perform a faculty recital at 3 p.m. on Sunday, Sept. 20, in Markel Auditorium at the Sage Center for the Arts. Chesson will open the hourlong recital with Chopin’s “Andante Spianato and Grande Polonaise Brilliante, op. 22.” The solo provides a prelude to Franz Schubert’s “Quintet in A Major, op. 114” — the “Trout Quintet.” Knecht and Blackham described the piece as “a lot of fun” with “interesting instrumentation.” Performing alongside Hillsdale faculty is a husband and wife duo from Ann Arbor, Michigan. Weller is a professor of bass at Eastern Michigan University, and performs with several symphonies. Bittar-Weller plays violin with the Michigan Opera Theatre. According to Knecht, recitals enable her and the other musicians to learn and challenge themselves in order to excel as teachers. “We enjoy supplementing teaching with growth as musicians,” she said. The quintet has been enjoying rehearsing for this recital and is eagerly anticipating Sunday’s performance.

Sophomore Giannina Imperial, a member of the band The Ninth Hour, wrote and recorded original songs for the debut of the group’s first album. photo courtesy Giannina Imperial

Professors laud Iron Maiden’s latest “This is the best Iron Maiden album since Bruce returned as lead singer for 2000’s ‘Brave New World.’ I really like track four, ‘The Red and the Black.’” Professor of Economics Ivan Pongracic

“‘Speed of Light’ and ‘The Red and the Black’ are great tracks.”

Director of the Dow Journalism Program John Miller

“This feels like a capstone album showcasing the skills they have cultivated over a long career. Iron Maiden offers a serious meat and potatoes approach to metal that pairs nicely with the literary and historical allusions permeating their lyrics.” Assistant Professor of English Dutton Kearney

‘The Book of Souls’

Iron Maiden molds another metal monument

By | Jace Lington Collegian freelancer

“The Book of Souls” is a faithful continuation of the genre-defining sound Iron Maiden has crafted since the late 1970s, but it also shows a band unwilling to rest on the successes of the past. While containing the unmistakable Iron Maiden sound, this album reveals a band still striving for further lyrical depth and the pinnacle of musical prowess. After more than 40 years of making music, British heavy metal band Iron Maiden released their 16th studio album, “The Book of Souls,” on Sept. 4. Even though the album runs for a whopping 92 minutes, 11 seconds, Iron Maiden gives listeners so much variation between the 11 tracks that one comes away with distinct impressions for each song. This alone secures a place for “The Book of Souls” above most heavy metal albums recorded today. From Bruce Dickinson’s re-

verb-heavy opening lines in the opening track, “If Eternity Should Fail,” to his masterful piano work in the 18-minute-long closer, “Empire of the Clouds,” “The Book of Souls” demonstrates that Iron Maiden is still one of the greatest heavy metal acts of all time. Adam Levine better pay attention because Dickinson proves he has more moves than Mick Jagger. Dickinson still believably belts out powerful calls to manliness, as in “Death or Glory” — even at the age of 60 and after recently beating tongue cancer. The guitar solos throughout the album also show Iron Maiden to be as strong in 2015 as it was in 1985. This music is not safe for swing dancing, but the elevated themes within the lyrics and the talented musicianship on display put lesser lights and aspiring politicians like Kanye West to shame. The album is not perfect. “The Great Unknown” is, ironically, the most forgettable of the tracks, but it still contains a worthy guitar solo. The epic runtime makes “The Book

of Souls” difficult to consume as a whole in one sitting, but the songs stand alone and merit individual attention. The three best songs on the album are “The Speed of Light,” “Death or Glory,” and “Empire of the Clouds.” Each highlights a different strength of Iron Maiden. “The Speed of Light” presents them as the upbeat, driving, melody-focused band with which fans love to sing along. “Death or Glory” reminds the audience that Iron Maiden is a heavy metal band and age has not robbed them of their powerful edge. Finally, “Empire of the Clouds” showcases Iron Maiden as made of virtuoso musicians able to test the limits of their genre and still have fun playing their instruments exceptionally well. Fans will easily notice the variety in this latest Iron Maiden fare. And for the uninitiated, “The Book of Souls” may serve as a potent gateway drug back to classics like “The Number of the Beast” from 1982 and “Powerslave” from 1984.

Professor of Theatre James Brandon

“The epic tracks are fun and full of nuance, so I am looking forward to delving into the lyrics to see the literary and historical content that sets Iron Maiden apart from lesser bands. ‘Speed of Light’ could have been straight out of 1989 and features that classic Iron Maiden sound.”

Blackham, from B1 After getting a piano performance degree at Kent State University, Blackham entered a master’s program at the Cleveland Institute of Music, where he would meet his future wife. He found various kinds of professional work, playing with the Cleveland Orchestra and once even touring Europe with the Pittsburgh Symphony. Within a few years, however, he found himself tiring of freelance piano work. “I was just running all over the city doing staff accompanying jobs, playing at the colleges down there,” Blackham said. “And I just got kind of sick of that whole lifestyle of being a gigging pianist like that. It wasn’t like I was making tons of money, you know.” He thus decided to enter a Doctor of Musical Arts program at Ohio State University, where he was awarded an assistantship to teach class piano. But just as he was about to wrap up his DMA, his life took an unexpected turn. “This job opened up here, so just for the heck of it, I decided to throw my name in for the job

here,” Blackham said. “I just figured, what the heck, why not, I’m almost done, let’s see if I can get a job.” When he visited Hillsdale, Blackham’s experience and talent stood out to Music Department Chair James Holleman. “When he visited campus for an interview he collaborated with some of our performance faculty and we were very impressed with his reading, collaborating, and performance skills, and how he interacted with the other faculty,” Holleman said in an email. So in the fall of 2005, the lifelong Ohioan transplanted himself to Hillsdale, Michigan, and assumed the role he still holds today: helping students follow in his footsteps on a daily basis, and, occasionally, donning stage togs to remind them what they’re striving to achieve. “We’re spoiled here, as faculty, because the students are all great,” Blackham said. “It’s just a real pleasure coming into this building every day knowing I’ve got all these great students to work with.”

B3 17 Sept. 2015

Renovations from b4 building as it wrapped around classic architectural form, and materials. Owners could build single family homes on Manning and townhouses on West. “The idea would be to have a very natural, beautiful promenade,” Péwé said. “It’d be a great first impression when looking from the town.” Owners could be a number of people interested in the college’s mission, including those living locally, state and national leaders, friends of the college, and professors. “People have the opportunity to be close and learn about the higher things. That’s very desirable to people,” Péwé said. “It’s not the weather. It’s the mission and what we do at the college.” Central Hall Addition With the chapel completing the quad, buildings will surround Central Hall at 360 degrees. While the front is beautiful, according to Péwé, the designers never intended to complete its back. The college hopes construction on the chapel will spur interest and funds into making the back of Central Hall look more like its front. Ideally, the its back entrance would align with the entrance to the chapel. “Anywhere you were on the campus, if you were on the new portico of the chapel looking out, everything would look very nice. It would look finished. Everything would revolve around that feature,” Péwé said. “That’ll be one of the most lovely additions to the campus when we get to that.” Though mostly aesthetic, the addition would also provide some extra space in the

the elevator shaft. Mossey Library archival wing The library has many special collections too precious to be exposed to typical lighting. The two-story archival wing, added to the south side of Mossey, would provide viewing space for pieces from Hillsdale’s history and its inherited volumes. “The idea is to have an environmentally sound building, which we do not have now,” College Archivist Linda Moore said. “The heat and humidity, the unstable conditions are bad for archival material. It would be a climate controlled environment.” Knorr Student Center ($2.6 million) Conceptual plans for Knorr include moving Career Services and the Writing Center to its main level, adding classroom and conference space, and developing a radio station location. Security would move to the lower level, according to Péwé. Exterior renovations could include adding a veranda and fireplace to the quad. Turf building A wall-to-wall space of AstroTurf, this building would replace the old tennis courts and outdoor basketball courts. As a multi-purpose fitness center, students and sports teams could use the area for practicing baseball, softball, football, soccer, and Ultimate Frisbee. “You could have things that you’d normally do in the summer time in the quad; it could take the place of that. We like to do things that would benefit all the student body, ideally,” Péwé said. “How great would it be to play indoor soccer or

Floor plans for the downstairs of the old Knorr Student Union. Sheila Butler | Courtesy

flag football in the winter?” The school also plans on replacing the football field’s turf within the next year or so as 2016 marks a decade of use. Track and Baseball The current track around the football field is now 17 years old and getting hard. Ideally, Péwé said he would like to see the track become wider and more circular, moving it to the lower field where baseball currently is. “When you run around that corner, there’s a lot of Gforce, so you spread that out,

it’s nicer,” Péwé said, making reference to the construction of the indoor track in the Biermann Center. Due to the lack of space by the football field, however, baseball would have to be moved. Péwé has suggested transferring that sport to Hayden Park. Sooner, however, the park might have outdoor fitness stations for push-ups, sit-ups, and pull-ups to be done there. “It was very popular in the ’70s. It’s making a comeback,” Péwé said. “You can run and

stop at a station and do that station to work on cardio, strength, conditioning.” He had hoped to install these stations this summer, but time ran out for the upgrade. Two new dorms The college has looked into building townhouses or a couple new dorms for students, though dorms are cheaper per bed. According to Péwé, there are 410 students living off campus this year. “That’s a large number,” Péwé said. “If we had the

money…we might have to look at that.” All of these projects will cost major money. Funds, however, are easier to raise on capital projects than endowments. “People see a physical thing on campus and can put their names on it. For many people, that’s a big deal. They feel like they’re leaving a legacy with their name on it,” Johnson said. “Having recognition is important, and we’re happy to do it.”

Global to Local: Meet Hillsdale’s international students Gianpiero Placidi is a freshman from Bournemouth, England. He first heard of Hillsdale through his tennis coach at home. Although Placidi looked at other schools, he said that the academic quality of Hillsdale stood out to him. “I wasn’t going to sacrifice the academics,” he said. When talking with Placidi about the atmosphere at Hillsdale, he said, “There’s lots going on here; people get involved. Even for a small school everyone’s really busy, so it doesn’t feel like a small school.” Placidi plays tennis for Hillsdale and plans to major in chemistry.

By | Anna Timmis Collegian Freelancer Simon Wenz is a student at the University of Saarland in Saarbrücken, Germany. He and his friend Lisa Rippel are attending Hillsdale through a one-year exchange program. Wenz said that he hopes to travel and “discover the States a little.” “I really enjoy all the people living in a close area. It’s pretty cool to run into the same people,” Wenz said.

Madeleine Fry | Collegian

Madeleine Fry | Collegian

Tripepi lights up physics through summer internship By | Hannah Niemeier Collegian Freelancer Junior physics major Michael Tripepi’s eyes light up when he hears “photoelectric experiment.” At his summer internship at the

University of Maryland, College Park, Tripepi researched the photoelectric effect, testing the efficiency of materials in creating high-power laser technology. His dedication to physics shines through in his work at Hillsdale, lighting the way for future research in solid state physics.

Michael Tripepi presenting research he completed during a summer internship at the University of Maryland, College Park. Michael Tripepi | Courtesy

Tripepi was accepted into Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics, an internship program sponsored by the National Science Foundation offering research opportunities for undergraduates studying physics.

“In this assembly of truth, it’s natural to ask what the natural world itself has to say. Physics makes us aware of the assumptions we make. It gives us a sense of perspective.” -Tripepi For ten weeks, Tripepi worked under Faculty Research Associate Eric Montgomery on a project that tests photocathodes, materials that emit electrons when struck by light. This phenomenon is known as the photoelectric effect, and electrons generated in this way can be used to create high-powered lasers for use in the military and medical fields. Montgomery and his team worked to create a model for testing what materials produce electrons efficiently. “We simply ask, ‘What is the number of electrons that come off the surface, and what is the laser energy we put

into it?’ That’s useful information for those who want to use photocathodes in future applications,” Tripepi said. He said more research is needed, however. “You want lasers with high power, which is hopefully what these photocathodes can be used for. We’re trying to research what materials can be put together to create an electron source for electron microscopes that will be well equipped for many purposes.” Though the concepts behind his research are abstract, Tripepi said that much of his work in the laboratory was both practical and technical. “Most of my days were spent working on equipment, setup, and a lot of troubleshooting,” Tripepi said. “I learned how to use a lot of new equipment.” According to Tripepi, involvement in Hillsdale’s physics program provided the basic skills necessary for his internship. A physics and math double major, Tripepi spends time doing homework with Joshua Ramette, a fellow junior also studying physics and math. “We basically took over the physics lounge sophomore year,” Ramette said. Professor of Physics Jim Peters introduced Tripepi to quantum mechanics. “It’s a great joy to share a marvelous theory with people, and he got caught up in it,” said Peters. Tripepi’s dedication to physics is evident in his leadership in the subject, as well. As president of the Society of Physics Students, Tripepi hosts public presentations, shows weekly educational videos, and plans research.

As a member of a department that graduates about five students a year, Tripepi said he aims to foster greater appreciation for physics as a discipline within the liberal arts. “In this assembly of truth, it’s natural to ask what the natural world itself has to say,” Tripepi said. “Physics makes us aware of the assumptions we make. It gives us a sense of perspective.” According to Tripepi, physics offers an opportunity to describe the world in new ways. “People often use analogies to describe the world,” Tripepi said. Research in physics provides new angles from which to view and explain the universe. For example, “Entropy is a physics concept that changed how we see things,” he said. Peters claims that the study of physics, with its emphasis on problem solving, prepares students for success in many fields. “In physics, we teach problem solving using math applied to the practical world,” Peters said. “All jobs require that you solve problems. We’re masters at teaching problem solving.” In the future, Tripepi plans to pursue further research in solid state mechanics. Peters said it is work like Tripepi’s that promises to illuminate the exploration of the liberal arts through physics. “His research will make the world a better place,” Peters said. “The field of solid state physics will make materials for better computers, better sensors, and better cell phones in the future.”

B4 17 Sept. 2015

The full vision: A view of actual and potential campus expansion By | Breana Noble Assistant Editor “There’s just a few things going on,” Chief Administrative Officer Richard Péwé said. That’s the understatement of the year — and the next few. As the renovations of dorms and the building of the Searle Center and new tennis courts near completion, Péwé and his team are looking at the future of campus construction. “We’ve been very blessed and fortunate to do so many things we have been doing,” Péwé said. “We always try to have money in our hand before we start a project. We also want to be able to raise the money to operate it. We’ve got it down to a science where we can operate it as least expensive as possible. That’s a guiding principle.” Here are some of the plans currently in the works: The Chapel ($28.25 million) Perhaps the most talked about forthcoming project, the chapel’s groundbreaking is already tentatively planned for Oct. 21. Currently, the college is looking to obtain the remainder of the funds needed to complete the project, but once it does, the two-year construction can begin. “We have some things happening in the next couple of weeks,” Péwé said. “We have a foundation that’s really interested in it; it’s just later than we’d like it to be.”

If this donation does not go as hoped, the chapel work will begin in the spring. The college is adding additional parking for the chapel and Searle Center on West Street since the Dow Hotel’s parking lot will disappear. Shooting Sports Center ($3.34 million) The four-phase plan for the center, a few miles from campus, is in its second step, during which a five-stand sporting clay field is being built, which Péwé described as “golf with shotguns.” Construction on this facility will finish in November. Other additions in the future include an indoor air rifle and pistol range as well as an outdoor rifle and pistol range. “In terms of comprehensive facilities, it’s probably one of the best. We have just about everything,” Péwé said. “We can become an Olympic training center because we have that kind of facility.” Dow Hotel and Conference Center ($5.38 million) The school is in the midst of updating all 36 rooms in the college’s hotel. Currently, Péwé updated one “guinea pig” room to see what could be done with the cinder block walls. “We did a spec room over these past couple of months,” Péwé said. “We’re getting feedback on what we did to that room.” To keep the hotel functioning, the update is done in sections. Renovations on the next four rooms will begin in November. Dow conference rooms A&B have had some work done, but will receive some alterations in

lighting and acoustics, according to Péwé. The exterior entrance and drive will be revamped as well. Phillips Auditorium ($4.3 million) The Curtiss Dining Hall and kitchen of the Searle Center make up phase I, a project described by the Collegian as a large dining area, which will allow easy access to Phillips Auditorium. Phase II will double Phillips Auditorium to hold 800 people by expanding it from a pie-shaped slice to a fanned-out venue with an upper balcony. The auditorium, which could begin renovations in December, is specifically helpful for Center for Constructive Alternative seminars, but is also versatile for musical performances; speakers; and large, student body gatherings. According to Executive Director of Institutional Advancement Nancy Johnson, however, the auditorium will have a new name. “We will acknowledge Mr. Phillips in a plaque or some sort of recognition,” Johnson said. “We need to give the opportunity for another donor to name it.” She added that “several” individuals have already expressed interest in the project. Student Residence Halls ($13 million for final four dorms) As the college goes through the process of updating five of its dorms, Mauck is No. 3 on the list based on age and size. The windows were exchanged this summer, but the dorm needs to be upgraded with air conditioning, heat ducts, and non-leaking plumbing. The

college will remove sinks from the rooms, modernize the bathrooms, and standardize the “hodge-podge” of carpeting and walling. “Mauck will probably be the most desirable dorm again,” Péwé said. Due to the extensiveness of the renovations needed, Mauck may have to be completed over two summers. After that, Galloway and Olds are next. The Frederick Douglass statue The Liberty Walk is scheduled to have a new member join its court with Frederick Douglass completing its Civil War section in August. While nothing is in the work for other statues, people have suggested James Madison for a statue. Péwé said the Liberty Walk could extend to the Kirby Center in Washington, D.C. with a statue of the father of the Constitution. “You’d think there’d be Madison statues all over that town, but there aren’t,” Péwé said. While those are the projects with somewhat of a definitive timeline, they are only the beginning of the master plan and the ideas in the works. Other projects are mostly conceptual but currently lack the money to come to fruition. Townhouses and single family homes The college has recently purchased more property, especially on Manning and West Streets. The school hopes to clear these lots and sell them to individuals willing to agree to build with certain guidelines, designs in the

Renovations, b3

The college does not currently have appropriate lighting or enviromentally-safe areas for precious collections. This sketch shows the twostory archival wing that would be added to Mossey Library, which would provide those conditions.

Sheila Butler | Courtesy

A digital rendering of the downstairs area of the old Knorr Student Union, where Career Services and the Writing Center have offices. New plans would add classroom and conference space and develop a radio station location. Sheila Butler | Courtesy

Campus Chic — Cecilia Bellet By | Zoe Harness

How would you define your style in three words? Eclectic, lazy, #imisswearinguniforms Where do you shop? My family has entire closets dedicated to old clothes of all my usually I just “shop” from their big T-shirts and sweaters. Yeah, that or I get a lot of “pity” hand-me-downs from my friends. Who is your fashion icon? Definitely Daniel Bellet. Just wow. I mean, if he wears a flannel shirt, I just have to steal it and wear it the next day. In fact, all of my high-waisted shorts are actually made out of his old Levi’s that he grew out of.

What is your favorite item of clothing? Oh wow, that’s hard. I’d probably have to go with my Dad’s old Lynyrd Skynyrd shirt...hopefully he won’t read this though, because he definitely is not a fan of me stealing his clothes. What is on your fashion wish list? More socks so that I don’t have to do my laundry? Oh, also, some black Converse because I’m starting to realize how impractical it is to keep my white Converse clean. What do you consider to be fashion? Whatever you don’t have to pay for.

Zoe Harness | Collegian

Zoe Harness | Collegian

9.17 Hillsdale Collegian  

Publication of the Hillsdale Collegian Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, MI

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