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The Harvard Crimson The University Daily, Est. 1873  | Volume CXLV, No. 100  |  Cambridge, Massachusetts  |  THURSDAY, october 11, 2018

Staff editorial PAGE 6

sports PAGE 8

news PAGE 5

Harvard should be applauded for the way it disciplined Chris Heaton.

Track star Gabby Thomas has been called prolific. Now she’s just a pro.

The Cambridge city government is urging locals to recycle more often.

Bacow Says Admissions Suit May Divide Campus Title IX In an email to University affiliates, Bacow insisted Harvard does not discriminate against “anybody” By kristine e. guillaume Crimson Staff Writer

Harvard affiliates gathered to celebrate the inauguration of University President Lawrence S. Bacow on Oct. 5 in Harvard Yard. kathryn s. kuhar—Crimson photographer

After Brett, An Uptick in Activism

Days before a lawsuit alleging Harvard College’s admissions practices are discriminatory heads to a high-stakes and high-profile trial, University President Lawrence S. Bacow warned Harvard affiliates not to let the suit create rifts between them. Bacow’s message — sent to students and alumni via email Wednesday — marked his first missivedirectly addressing the suit, which is slated to go to trial Oct. 15 in a Boston courthouse. Anti-affirmative action group Students for Fair Admissions brought the lawsuit against Harvard in 2014, during the latter half of former University President Drew G. Faust’s tenure. The suit charges that the College’s race-conscious admissions policies discriminate against Asian-American applicants — an allegation Har-

vard has repeatedly denied. In his Tuesday emails, Bacow acknowledged the case has the potential to “create divisions” among University affiliates onand off campus as the trial unfolds. “Reasonable people may have different views, and I respect the diversity of opinion that this case may generate. I would hope all of us recognize, however, that we are members of one community — and will continue to be so long after this trial is in the rearview mirror,” Bacow wrote. Bacow encouraged Harvard affiliates to “approach one another with mutual respect” despite possible differences of opinion. Though students, faculty, and alumni may hold varying views on Harvard’s admissions practices, Bacow’s stance is clear.

See bacow Page 5

‘A Thing I’ll Never Forget’ The HUDS Strike, Two Years Later

By ruth a. hailu By molly m. mccafferty

Crimson Staff Writer

Student activists across the University say they will lead campaigns to increase campus voting rates and will work even harder to combat sexual assault in response to Brett M. Kavanaugh’s confirmation to the Supreme Court last week. On Saturday, the Senate confirmed Kavanaugh as an Associate Justice by a 50-48 vote — one of the closest margins in United Stateshistory. Kavanaugh, the second Supreme Court judge appointed during the Trump administration, received the confirmation a few weeks after at least two women stepped forward to allege he had sexually assaulted them decades ago. The allegations spurrednational scrutiny, a federal hearing, and a series of anti-Kavanaugh protests on Harvard’s campus. A number of students interviewed by The Crimson said they are frustratedand disappointed by Kavanaugh’s confirmation.Several said the news was shocking but unsurprising. Students also said they are dissatisfied withthe waysome Harvard administratorshave respondedto the allegations. Harvard Law School Dean John F. Manning broke hisweekslong silence on the issue Monday when he sent an email to Law School students. But, though he wrote that the school wanted to support its students, he declined to take an official stance on Kavanaugh. “When I speak out as dean, I am understood to be taking a position on behalf of our Law School,” he wrote. “But Harvard Law School is a large, diverse community that does not speak with one voice, and I cannot speak for all of you.” Law School student Vail Kohnert-Yount, a member ofadvocacy group the Pipeline Parity Project, said she found Manning’s emailhypocritical given he previously spoke out in support of the judge after President Donald Trump nominated him over the summer. At the time, Manning wrote a glowing statement published on a Harvard website that lauded Kavanaugh’s teaching skills, among other traits. “He was willing to violate

Crimson Staff Writer

On Oct.5, 2016, hundreds of dining workers traded in their punch cards for picket signs, walked out of the dining halls and cafes on Harvard’s campus, and demanded contract improvements in the first campus-wide strike the University had seen since 1983. Twenty-two days later, union and Harvard representatives reached an agreement highly favorable to striking dining workers during dramatic, late-night negotiations held behind closed doors in an office building near campus. Now — two years later — the University and labor groups are still feeling the reverberations of the strike that shook campus.

See strike Page 4 annie e. schugart—Crimson photographer

Inside this issue

Harvard Today 2

By angela n. fu Crimson Staff Writer

The Faculty Council discussed a proposal to add additional course start times to the new schedule and heard a presentation on the lawsuit alleging Harvard’s admissions process is discriminatoryat its biweekly meeting Wednesday afternoon. Faculty of Arts and Sciences registrar Michael P. Burke presented a proposal to the Council — FAS’s highest governing body — that would allow courses that are scheduled from 12 p.m. to 2:45 p.m. or 3 p.m. to 5:45 p.m. to delay their start time by 45 minutes. If passed, the change would give students more time to eat lunch and would ensure courses aredistributed more evenly throughout the day. The proposal follows a short presentation Burke gave at the Oct. 2 meeting of the full Faculty, during which he spoke about some issues raised by the new schedule. The new system — implemented this fall after gaining Faculty approval in 2017 — extends the standard class block from 60 minutes to 75 minutes, adds 15 minutes of passing time ­


News 3

By jamie d. halper Crimson Staff Writer

Harvard continues to face three separate federal investigations into its compliance with anti-sex discrimination law Title IX more than four years after the first complaint was filed. In 2014, two College students filed a complaint with the United States Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights alleging that the College’s sexual assault policies at the time violated Title IX, which underlies the University’s guidelines for investigating and adjudicating allegations of sexual misconduct. Since the 2014 filing, the University has overhauled its approach to sexual assault prevention and response on campus — changing its policies and separating its Title IX Office, which provides resources and education, from its Office for Dispute Resolution, which investigates formal Title IX complaints. The Crimson reported in 2017 that — on top of the 2014 complaint — there aretwo other ongoing federal investigations into Harvard’s compliance with Title IX: one probe into the College that officials launched in 2016,and one probe into the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences that the government opened in 2017. The federal government opened the 2016 investigation based on a complaint from an individual who claimed the College discriminated against him on the basis of sex during its efforts to addressa sexual assault complaint in which he was involved. The specific date of the sexual assault claim in question was redacted from documents provided by the Department of Education, as were many identifying details about the individuals involved. It isunclear whether the filer was the complainant or respondent in Harvard’s Title IX probe. ­

See federal Page 5

FAS Council Talks Admissions Lawsuit


See activism Page 4

Probes Are Still Ongoing

The Harvard Institute of Politics hosted a conversation with Wendy R. Sherman and Nancy Gibbs Wednesday at 6 p.m. chloe i. yu—Crimson photographer

Editorial 6

Sports 8

Today’s Forecast

rainy High: 66 Low: 56

between courses, and eliminates the tradition of “Harvard Time” which had allowed students to arrive seven minutes late to every class. It also requires departments to distribute their classes more evenly across the day and limits the times at which classes may begin. Burke said at the Faculty meeting that the most popular time slot for classes is between 12 p.m. and 2:45 p.m. Because dining halls originally opened at 12 p.m and closed at 2:15 p.m., many students missed lunch. On top of that, “Fly-By”, the cafe underneath Annenberg Hallthat provides upperclassman with bagged meals during the day, saw longer lines than usual. Harvard University Dining Services has since begun openingdining halls half an hour earlier at 11:30 a.m. in an effort to combat this problem. Council member David L. Howell called the suggested changes “commonsensical.” The Council will likely vote on the proposalat their next meeting before sending it off to the full Faculty in November for

See council Page 3

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in selfish move

THE HARVARD CRIMSON  | october 11, 2018

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Harvard Today

For Lunch Bacon Avocado Grilled Cheese Sandwich Roasted Coconut Ginger & Red Curry Chicken Thighs

For Dinner BBQ Salisbury Steak Korean Green Onion and Shrimp Pancakes

Today’s Events

in The Real World

2018 Midterm Elections: What’s on the Horizon 4:30 - 5:45 p.m. What’s on the horizon on with the midterms? What a question. Head to Littauer 166 for Resident Fellow Joe Heck’s study group to chat about this with people who probably have more knowledge on the subject than you do! D.E. Shaw Research Tech Talk 6-7:30 p.m. On the other side of the academic spectrum, if you’re interested in STEM, head to Pierce Hall 209 to hear from D.E. Shaw. This research lab is currently focusing on molecular biology from a scientific and pharmaceutical perspective, and at their tech talk you can learn more about what it might be like to work for their team of chemists, biologists, and beyond. OUTSpoken In honor of National Coming Out Day, the BGLTQ office, Speak out Loud, and Contact are presenting an evening of poetry, spoken word, music, readings, and other performances by members of Harvard’s BGLTQ+ community. This event will take place at the Barker Center Cafe, refreshments will be provided. All identities are welcome!

Hurricane Michael is Here Hurricane Michael has swept into Florida with tremendous force and is expected to sweep through the Carolinas today before moving off the coast on Friday. Florida Governor Rick Scott called the storm “the worst storm the Florida Panhandle has seen in a century.” It is currently near impossible to gauge the full extent of the damage.

Turkey and Saudi Arabia Clash over Missing Journalist

The Harvard Votes Challenge encourages students to register to vote with baby animals.

Daily Briefing A few days before the lawsuit alleging Harvard discriminates against AsianAmerican applicants goes to trial, University President Lawrence S. Bacow emailed thousands of Harvard students and alumni repeating earlier assertions that the University “does not discriminate against anybody.” He also warned that the suit could create divisions between Harvard affiliates and asked email recipients to approach one another with “mutual respect.” In other news, some Harvard students are vowing continued activism in the wake of the confirmation of Brett M. Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court.

Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi has been missing since a visit to the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on Oct. 2, and many believe that a Saudi team is responsible for his potential kidnapping and murder. While Saudi officials deny this, they have yet to produce any requested evidence, and Turkish officials have accused them of lack of cooperation in the investigation surrounding Khashoggi’s disappearance.

Torrential Flooding Kills 10 in Spain Torrential rain hit a small town on the island of Majorca, causing flash floods which washed away cars and engulfed the town in mud. The flooding cut the town off, but emergency workers used helicopters and sniffer dogs to aid in the rescue efforts. Ten deaths have been confirmed, and several more are missing.students.

Around the Ivies YALE This weekend, the Association of Native Americans at Yale hosted its seventh annual Powwow to celebrate Indigenous Peoples’ Day and the 25th anniversary of organization’s founding, the Yale Daily News reported. Events included an intercultural dinner and college tea with Andrew Curley, a professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill who has conducted research on resource abuse on Navajo land. Students have called on Yale to officially recognize Indigenous Peoples’ Day as a university holiday.

DARTMOUTH Dartmouth University has placed a restriction on the college’s annual tradition of running around a bonfire during Homecoming in response to safety concerns, the Dartmouth reported. Charlie Dennis, Hanover Police Chief, said the decision was prompted by students’ attempts to touch the bonfire. Several students have been sent to the intensive burn unit in the past, Dartmouth Safety and Security director Keysi Montas told the Dartmouth. Some undergraduates said they were disappointed with the change in tradition.

PENN The University of Pennsylvania confirmed mold and mildew in about 100 student rooms this past weekend, according to the Daily Pennsylvania. Prior to the discovery, 11 residents had already moved to alternate housing, and several students said they felt sick because of the mold. University administrators attributed the infestation to moisture from recent heavy rains.

The University Daily, Est. 1873

The Harvard Crimson Derek G. Xiao President Hannah Natanson Managing Editor Nathan Y. Lee Business Manager

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Copyright 2018, The Harvard Crimson (USPS 236-560). No articles, editorials, cartoons or any part thereof appearing in The Crimson may be reproduced in any form without the express written permission of the President. The Associated Press holds the right to reprint any materials published in The Crimson. The Crimson is a non-profit, independent corporation, founded in 1873 and incorporated in 1967. Second-class postage paid in Boston, Massachusetts. Published Monday through Friday except holidays and during vacations, three times weekly during reading and exam periods by The Harvard Crimson Inc., 14 Plympton St., Cambridge, Mass. 02138 Weather icons made by Freepik, Yannick, Situ Herrera, OCHA, SimpleIcon, Catalin Fertu from is licensed by CC BY 3.0.

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Corrections The Harvard Crimson is committed to accuracy in its reporting. Factual errors are corrected promptly on this page. Readers with information about errors are asked to e-mail the managing editor at

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Students Talk Emotional Labor at Women’s Center

From the Law School to Longwood,

The Harvard College Women’s Center hosted a conversation about emotional labor and self-care Wednesday evening in Canaday Hall B. Sung Kwang Oh —Crimson photographer By sahana g. srinivasan and AURORA E. STRAUS Crimson Staff Writers

Scattered across the floor and on couches in the Harvard Women’s Center, over two dozen students sipped tea as they listened to upperclassmen discuss emotional labor and selfcare Wednesday night. The panel formed part of an ongoing Women’s Center series called “Let’s Talk” and meant to educate College students about issues that female-identifying students face. The panelists, includingAndrew Pérez ’20, Jacqueline L. Kellogg ’19, Catherine Y. Zhang ’19, Salma Abdelrahman ’20, and Ruben E. Reyes Jr. ’19, a former co-chair of the Crimson’s Editorial Board, spoke about the causes of emotional labor and strategies to lessen psychological burdens. Sociologist Arlie R. Hochschild first coined the term “emotional labor” in the 1980s based on the experience of flight attendants. Hochschild argued that their jobs force them to keep passengers happy at their own emotional expense. The term has since taken a broader meaning and now refers to the psychological pressure associated with living

up to social expectations, accommodating the feelings of others, or dealing with family pressure. Abdelrahman said that the expectations placed on Harvard undergraduates to advocate for their communities creates a particular emotional burden on minorities or women to change the University or student organizations from within. “Everyone has a predetermined script based on their experiences. So often, because you’re a first-gen student, you’re expected to do first-gen advocacy,” Abdelrahman said. “Harvard brings us in to make the institution more inclusive and accessible… sometimes, you have to reject the script you’ve been given.” In response, Kellogg offered advice for shifting the burden of increasing inclusivity away from minorities. “If you are a white leader as I am, it is crucial to avoid standard excuses for lack of diversity, like, ‘If people of color don’t come to my meetings, I assume they aren’t interested,’” Kellogg said. “You must figure out why your space is not safe for someand rectify that by having conversations about what you need to do to lessen their emotional

Sherman Visits Kennedy School By SAM E. SHARFSTEIN Crimson CONTRIBUTING Writer

Former top American diplomat Wendy R. Sherman and Kennedy School visiting professor Nancy R. Gibbs discussed the future of public leadership in the United Statesat an Institute of Politics event Wednesday evening. Sherman, a former U.S. undersecretary of state for political affairs during the Obama administration, will soon join the Kennedy School as the director of the school’s Center for Public Leadership. At the event, which was hosted by the John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum, Sherman said that the current political climate in the U.S. motivated her to take on her new position at Harvard. “There is a challenge of leadership at the governmental level. There is a challenge of leadership in business,” Sherman said. Sherman said she believes the Kennedy school’s mission is“raising, in part, the next generation of leaders.” As the discussion turned to contemporary politics, Sherman said it is important to consider populations affected by globalization and other social changes. “People were concerned with losing their way of life, losing their identity, that moder­

nity would mean they would no longer know where they stood and who they were,” Sherman said. “I think that anxiety has come to the developed world.” Protest and speaking up, according to Sherman, are crucial to effecting change. “If it means being in the streets, we are in the streets,” she said. Sherman, who has served in a number of State Department positions, led Americanefforts to negotiate the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran to limit the country’s nuclear capabilities. Following the event, Kiana N. Rawji ’22 said she appreciated the Sherman’s ability to explain and link complex ideas. “She talked about a broad range of problems that the country is facing, but somehow she, I think, connected them all together,” Rawji said. Philip R. T. Gagne, an Extension school alumnus, said he thinks Sherman’s perspective on “the world and the negotiation skills of the Iranians is very acute and quite pertinent to the trends in society.” Sherman will join the Center of Public Leadership in January 2019, replacing David R. Gergen ’67, who will remain a professor at the Kennedy School. Sherman was previously a resident fellow at the Institute of Politics in fall 2015.

labor.” The panelists also discussed self-care as a reprieve from emotional burdens. “It’s okay to ease into things,” Pérez said. “You don’t have to do everything right away.” “I promise that everything is not as high-stakes as it seems,” she added. Dara M. Badon ’22 said she did not know what emotional labor meant before the talk,. She said that the definition she learned Wednesday definitely reflects how she sees herself and her relationships. Badon added that she now has a better understanding of “the different forms that energy draining can happen in, and what ways to acknowledge it and counteract it.” Janani Krishnan-Jha ’20, a Women’s center intern and organizer of the panel, said that the center hopes to hold similar events in the future. “We like to make ourselves as supportive a space as possible, whether it’s through these kind of events, official programming events, or just our day-to-day operations as a space that a lot of people come in and out of to work, print, eat brownies and just exist in a wonderful, supportive area,” Krishnan-Jha said.

council From Page 1

Faculty Council Hears Proposal discussion, according to Howell. If approved, the alterations to the schedule would take effect during the spring semester. Council members also heard from Harvard General Counsel Robert W. Iuliano ’83, who gave an update on the four-year-old admissions lawsuit alleging the College discriminates against Asian-American applicants. Filed by anti-affirmative action group Students For Fair Admissions, the lawsuitis set to go to trial on Oct. 15 in a Boston courthouse. During his hour-long presentation, Iuliano canvassed the main charges listed in the lawsuit, SFFA and its founder Edward Blum, and past Supreme Court decisions on affirmative action, according to Howell. Iuliano also gave Council members a chance to ask questions about the case. Harvard has repeatedly denied all allegations of discrimination. The next Council meeting will take place on Oct. 24. ­

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october 11, 2018

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strike From Page 1

activism From Page 1

Looking Back on the HUDS Strike Students Engage Post-Kavanaugh THREE WEEKS, THREE DEMANDS

The 2016 strike followed months of prolonged negotiations between the University and UNITE HERE Local 26, the union that represents Harvard University Dining Services workers. The union chose to escalate pressure on the University and conduct a strike vote when it found itself at a stalemate withHarvard over three main issues, HUDS Chief Shop Steward Edward B. Childs remembered. The first issue was pay. In the weeks before the strike, University spokespeople told The Crimson that the average hourly wage for a HUDS worker was $21.89, translating to an average annual salary of $35,000; union negotiators, meanwhile, estimated that workers’ average salary at the time was closer to $31,000. In the final rounds of negotiation heading into the strike, the union proposed setting a $35,000 minimum guaranteed salary for year-round employees and requested a 22 percent pay increase over five years. Healthcare was also a crucial concern for both union negotiators and the union’s members-at-large, Childs said. Kerry Maiato, a HUDS employee who works in Annenberg dining hall, said he was inspired to strike because, as the father of three children, he was deeply concerned by potential increases in healthcare co-payments. “It was really important to me having good, affordable healthcare for my family,” Maiato said. Anabela A. Pappas, a HUDS employee who works in Cabot and Pforzheimer dining halls, agreed. She said maintaining low out-of-pocket healthcare costs comprised one of two factors that drove her to strike: as a long-time diabetic, she knew she could not paythe cost the University’s insurance proposal would impose on her. “I said that there was no way we would be able to afford doing that insurance, or even be able to afford to take care of our family, ” Pappas said. She also wanted to stay healthy to feed the students she says are like children to her. “700 people at Harvard came out and said, ‘Harvard can’t afford to have insurance for those who feed the students?’” Pappas said. “We have to be healthy for the students.” “We want to take care of them and really do the best that

we can,” she added. At the time, Harvard Director of Labor and Employee Relations Paul R. Curran said the University offered Local 26 the same healthcare plan it extended to two other unions, the Harvard Union of Clerical and Technical Workers and the Area Trades Council, which eliminated deductibles but increased co-payments. University spokespeople estimated the average HUDS employee would likely see an increase in cost of less than $11 per month. Local 26 rejected that offer. The third major issue that forced the union to the bargaining table was Harvard’s layoff system for dining services workers — union members hoped to seriously reform it. Childs noted that, when students leave campus for winter and summer breaks, seasonal layoffs for the workers who prepare their food can follow close behind. “We had layoffs up to three months at some times for some people and no money,” Childs said. “We can’t collect unemployment.” For three weeks, HUDS workers walked the picket lines from the Quad to Longwood, beating drums and yelling chants like “Harvard, Harvard, you can’t hide, we can see your greedy side!”During the demonstrations, they received just$40 per day, all of it drawn from Local 26’s strike fund. Hundreds of students joined the workers on the picket lines, the Cambridge City Council and theUndergraduate Council endorsed the strike, and some alumni chose not to donate to the University in support of the union’s endeavor. The strike also attracted national media attention. With their usual workforce depleted, some campus cafes and dining halls had to temporarily shutter their doors. Those that remained open relied on stockpiled frozen food to feed undergraduates. Of around 750 total dining services workers, only 14 reportedlybrokethe strike and returned to work. On Oct. 25, 2016 at around 1:05 a.m., The Crimson reported that the University and the union’s bargaining committees had reached”a tentative agreement.”The final version of that agreement set year-round employees’ salaries at $35,000 per year, provided stipends to offset summer layoffs, and required that the University cover healthcare copayments. The 2016 contract — which the

workers ratified in a 583-1 vote 22 days after they first walked out — will last until 2021. AFTER THE STRIKE

Not long after HUDS workers concluded their strike, other universities started taking notice of their successful strategy. In September 2017, workers at nearby Northeastern prepared for a strike to put pressure on their administration to bargain more constructively, citing Harvard’s example. And in April 2018, dining workers at Tufts unionized with UNITE HERE, joining ranks with the HUDS employees they said inspired them to organize in the first place. Pappas observed that, since the conclusion of the strike, Harvard has also gained another union of its own: the Harvard Graduate Students Union-United Automobile Workers. “A lot of the students learned that together, you can accomplish greater things,” Pappas said. “We teach them you have to stick together.” The effects of HUDS workers’ walkout were not limited to college campuses. Last month, hotel workers unionized with UNITE HERE began a strike against Marriott across eight U.S. cities including Boston. Childs said the striking Marriott employees have consulted with HUDS workers, some of whom participated in Marriott rallies. Yet some dining workers say that, despite the changes they won in their contract, problems still remain. Pappas and Charlene V. Almeida, a HUDS employee who works at Quincy and Hillel dining halls, both said they still feel overscheduled and overworked. “They’re trying to put more work on us, overwork us, in a lot of ways. I thought that would have changed some,” Almeida said. Some workers also cited the “instability” of break periods as a major issue. Though the union’s contract contains provisions granting stipends to employees who are temporarily laid off during the summer recess, 42 days of paid time off to all workers, and a paid winter break from Dec. 25 to Jan. 1, Almeida and Pappas both said these measures have not provided sufficientsupport or stability for workers. Almeida, Pappas, and Maiato also said they wish the University would make more sum-

Experts Commemorate Declaration of Human Rights By declan j. knieriem Contributing writer

The Kennedy School held a discussion featuring University of Virginia Professor James B. Loeffler ’96 Wednesday in honor of the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Declaration, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, articulates legal and moral principles for “fundamental human rights to be universally protected.” While legally non-binding, the document has been fre-

Many of the building blocks of human rights that we think of as emerging out of World War II, out of the Holocaust, out of genocide, actually have their roots in Eastern Europe. James B. Loeffler ’96 University of Virginia Professor

quently cited as a basis for international agreements and domestic laws. Wednesday’s discussion — which was hosted by the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy — focused on the history and modern significance of the document, as well as the evolution of international human rights recognition. The event was moderated by Mark L. Wolf, a senior judge

on the District Court for Massachusetts and a senior fellow at the Carr Center. The first portion of the event focused primarily on the history and drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Loeffler discussed the role activists played in forgingboth a revolutionary human rights proclamation and the state of Israel. Loeffler, who specializes in Jewish history, drew much of the talk’s material from his recently published book “Rooted Cosmopolitans: Jews and Human Rights in the Twentieth Century.” During the event, Loeffler referenced several significant figures he featured in the book including Hersch Z. Lauterpacht, a Polish lawyer and key advocate for the creation of international human rights laws. “It turns out that many of the building blocks of human rights that we think of as emerging out of World War II, out of the Holocaust, out of genocide, actually have their roots in Eastern Europe,” Loeffler said. He added that Jewish activists and lawyers were among the first to push for establishing a legal framework on the subject of human rights after the war. Loeffler also spoke aboutpresent-day dilemmas confronting anti-corruption movements. Wolf, who has previously written on the subject of corruption in human rights, said he believes these issues continue to be relevant and pressing. “We should be battling to

and creating institutions to assure that [UDHR] are not hollow promises,” Wolf said. “But that requires a kind of

mer positions available for dining workers. “Having more stable jobs — they’re trying to change that, but it’s not going fast enough, you know?” Almeida said. “You still have a bunch of employees who are still home in the summertime.” “More jobs need to open up, but they haven’t really done it yet,” she added. Pappas said this dilemma is especially difficult for couples like her and her husband, Christopher M. Pappas, who also works for HUDS. In a situation like theirs, Pappas said, a household could potentially lose two sources of income during the period between the end of paid winter break and the beginning of the spring semester. “We close on 21st of December, and a lot of [HUDS employees] don’t come back until January 21st,” Pappas said. “People have to budget.” “We won the stipends, which was something that will help us a lot, but for those who have children, they need a little more than that,” she added. University spokesperson Melodie L. Jackson wrote in an emailed statement that the University “remains pleased” with the agreement the two parties reached. “Two years into this five year contract, the University still remains pleased that it was able to reach an agreement that all parties involved recognize as a superior deal for these critically important members of the Harvard community,” Jackson wrote. “We deeply value the contributions of our dining service workers, as evidenced by our long-term commitment to ensuring fair and competitive wages, health care, pensions, retiree healthcare, and many other benefits.” Despite the continued difficulties she said workers face, Pappas said she and her coworkers remain inspired by the long-term impact their strike has had, both within Harvard’s dining halls and without. “I was so proud,” Pappas said. “We’d have thousands of people sometimes out in the strike, and everybody from all over the world — they got along, they hugged, they talked to us. We wiped each other’s tears.” “That was a thing I’ll never forget, ever, ever. This will be embedded in my life forever,” she added.

that standard just weeks ago to speak in support of Brett Kavanaugh,” Kohnert-Yount said. “It made me not only disappointed but deeply angry that he would think that we wouldn’t see that hypocrisy.” Organizations at the Law School, including the Women’s Law Association, the Black Law Students Association, and Harvard Law Students for Reproductive Justice, plan to partner with each other to push for more support for women at the Law School. “We will continue pushing for changes that we want to see in the legal community and at Harvard Law School to start,” said Isabel Finley, the president of the Women’s Law Association. “Things that have to do with how women are able to perform here, how they’re able to progress their careers in a way that is on par with men, whether or not they’re getting that support.”

The recent confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court of the United States was a slap in the face of survivors and allies across the country. Our Harvard Can Do Better

She added this support is needed to ensuremore women reach positions of power so “hopefully we will have fewer future Kavanaugh’s.” Throughout Kavanaugh’s confirmation hearings, students participated in phone banks and demonstrationsmeant to encourage lawmakers to vote against the then-nominee. Now that he’sbeen confirmed, students are looking to the upcoming midterm elections to effect change in the Capitol. Both the Harvard Law School Democrats and the Harvard College Democrats are pushing students to canvass and register to vote in the upcoming midterm elections. The Harvard College Democrats are organizing phone banks for different candidates

twice a week and planning a canvassing trip to Maine, where Senator Susan Collins, one of the deciding votes in the Kavanaugh decision, serves as a representative. “The single most important thing that we can do and were already going to [do] regardless of the Kavanaugh decision was to make sure that students have an opportunity to volunteer in these elections this fall,” said Devontae A. Freeland ’19, the president of the Harvard College Democrats. “The only way to respond to this is to take back the House of Representatives, to take back the Senate,” Freeland said. “There really is no other course of action than to make sure that people know that the most important thing that they can do in 2018 is to go and vote on Nov.6.” Other Harvard student leaders emphasized the importance of addressing sexual assault on campus in light of Kavanaugh’s confirmation despite the allegations against him. In an emailed statement, Our Harvard Can Do Better, an organization focused on combating sexual assault on campus, wrote, “The recent confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court of the United States was a slap in the face of survivors and allies across the country.” Priya P. Kukreja ’21, a board member of the Reproductive Justice Action and Dialogue Collective, said it is especially important now that the University’s Title IX offices are supportive of students. Kukreja said RAD will work with Our Harvard to promote Title IX and its accessibility on campus. “It’s really important to be able to, one, have a good system to document when sexual assault happens, so if there is another situation where we need evidence that someone like Kavanaugh has consistently and repeatedly assaulted people, there is documentation in Title IX offices that it has happened,” she said. “And second to just create a better culture on campus where people know that it’s not okay to assault people and still be confirmed on the Supreme Court, which has now happened twice.”

The latest on student life.

Human rights are our language of justice... We use human rights to articulate our aspirations, our ethics, and our morals. James B. Loeffler ’96 University of Virginia Professor

political will to fight for ideals and to not let them be hijacked for improper purposes.” “It is not ancient history. These are battles that always need to be fought,” he added. Kennedy School Professor and Carr Center Director Mathias Risse, who attended the talk, said he thinks it is crucial to continue educating people about the current state of human rights in the world. “I was really gratified by the turnout,” Risse said. In his talk, Loeffler also emphasized the perpetual relevance of human rights discussions throughout history. “Humans rights are our language of justice,” he said. “We use human rights to articulate our aspirations, our ethics, and our morals.” Loeff ler’s talk is among several other events the Center will host this year on the Universal Declaration, according to officials.

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bacow From Page 1

Cambridge Govt Discusses Waste Bacow Reflects on Admissions Policy Crimson Staff Writers

Members of the CambridgeHealth and Environmental Committee discussed the city’s progress towards achieving its “Zero Waste” goals as well as efforts to optimize recycling and composting systems at a public hearing Tuesday. Zero Waste refers to the city’s attempts to substantially decrease the amountof discarded material it sends to landfills every year. As part of the inititative, Cambridge officials are asking residents to be more conscious of how they dispose of unwanted items. “Zero Waste importantly does not mean zero trash, but it does try to bring us to a more sustainable waste diversion and recycling and reduction practice,” said Vice Mayor Jan Devereux, who co-chairs the Health and Environmental Committee alongside Councillor Quinton Zondervan. The Zero Waste program comes as landfill capacity is shrinking in Massachusetts. More and more sites areclosing down — by the end of 2018, seven out of 20 state landfills will be inactive, according to government predictions. “In 2008, the average household produced 22.8 pounds of trash per week. The goal by 2050 is to reduce that to four pounds per household per week,” Devereux said. “That’s going to take a combination of strategies, including getting organic food waste out of the trash.” In the first six months since Cambridge began practicing city-wide organic waste collection — a method similar to composting — 1.6 million pounds of organic waste were diverted from landfills, according to Devereux. The program was entirely voluntary and only included households or buildings comprising 12 units at maximum.

Devereux said the initiative’s early success proves that expanding the program would “certainly have a significant impact.” As part of another ongoing city effort to promote environmentally responsible waste disposal, Cambridge officials are teaching Cantabrigians how to recycle. The city now hosts a “Get Rid Of It Right” webpage that allows viewers to look up items they want to throw away by typing into a search bar. The website then provides information on how to correctly dispose of the item. Some Zero Waste initiatives will aim to reduce waste production itself. Devereux suggested that the Department of Public Works could in future standardize the size of trash cans it provides to locals. If the trash cans are slightly smaller, it may encourage people to decrease their weekly trash output, Devereux said. Waste reduction practices promoted by the city parallel

It’s going to take a lot of creative minds thinking about how we change behavior, how we change the way things are manufactured, how we change attitudes about sending waste away. Jan Devereux Cambridge Vice-Mayor

Harvard’s own sustainability initiatives. According to Devereux, waste produced by Harvard and its affiliates is regulated by state laws includingthe Commercial Food Waste Ban of 2014. That ban is meant to de-

federal From Page 1

Cambridge denizens milled around Harvard Square for an annual Oktoberfest celebration. amy y. li—Crimson photographer

crease the amount of food waste in landfills by “at least 35 percent” by 2020. On campus, sustainability efforts primarily fall under the purview of Harvard’s Office of Sustainability. According to the office’s website, “Harvard is focused on operating an efficient campus that incentivizes reuse and minimizes the amount of waste we produce.” That can mean different things at different sites across the University. At the Harvard Kennedy School and Dudley House, dining hall patrons are encouraged toreuse plastic “clamshells” to hold their food.When they do, they receive tokens that can be used to help pay for future meals. Harvard Athletics and the Resource Efficiency Program also recentlycollaborated on an effort to increase rates of recycling at football games. According to the 2017 Harvard Sustainability Report, trash production per capita at Harvard decreased by 44 percent over the past decade or so, falling from 536 pounds per capita in 2006 to 302 pounds

per capita in 2017. Food waste reduction contributes significantly to this number.Harvard University Dining Services, Harvard Law School, and Harvard Business School all began donating their surplus food in that time period. “Whether we’re addressing challenges like energy, waste or health, the partnerships we have with the City of Cambridge, higher education peers like MIT, and leading businesses allow us all to identify shared barriers to change, discuss best practices, and develop solutions that can be widely replicated for greater impact,” Heather A. Henriksen, the managing director of Harvard’s Office for Sustainability, wrote in an emailed statement. “It’s complicated for sure. It’s going to take a lot of creative minds thinking about how we change behavior, how we change the way things are manufactured, how we change attitudes about sending waste away,” Devereux said.

“Let me be unequivocal: The College’s admissions process does not discriminate against anybody. I am confident the evidence presented at trial will establish that fact,” he wrote. In his first full-length interview with The Crimson last month, Bacow similarly insisted that the College does not discriminate “against anybody” — and that Harvard will prevail in the Boston federal court. What may unfold if the case reaches the Supreme Court is less certain, Bacow said. Experts have said that, with the recent addition of Justice Brett M. Kavanaugh, the highest court is unlikely to rule in Harvard’s favor. Bacow said in the September interview that he will refrain from commenting on the trial after it officially launches next week. He said it is “important to let the process play out” when thecase is in litigation. “We’re right on the eve of litigation,” Bacow said. “It would not be appropriate for me to be commenting on it once the trial begins, and I probably won’t.” Five days in advance of that time, though, Bacow did not mince words. He cautioned students and alumni about what he called the “provocative assertions” SFFA will likely make during litigation that he cautioned would spark increased media attention. He also reassured students that they belong at Harvard. “I want all of you to know that each Harvard College student is admitted affirmatively,” Bacow wrote. “Each student brings something special to our community and contributes to our rich learning environment in a way that is unique.” This is not the first time an administrator has directly discussed the lawsuit in an email

to students. In his August welcome message to students, Dean of the College Rakesh Khurana pointed to a spike in national news reports around the lawsuit following the summer release of documents that revealed previously undisclosed details of Harvard’s notoriously secretive admissions process. “Let me be very clear – every one of you belongs at Harvard College. You are not just your SAT/ACT test score, nor are you just your high-school G.P.A. You are not just your race, ethnicity, gender, religion, concentration, sport, or legacy status,” Khurana wrote. “You will always have a home in Harvard’s diverse community.” The lawsuit has also prompted student groups at Harvard to speak out in defense ofthe College’s admissions policies. The Task Force on Asian and Pacific American Studies has hosted several pro-affirmative action events on campus, including a week-long series of events entitled #DefendDiversity, in the run-up to the trial. TAPAS co-hosted a panel on race-conscious admissions with the Harvard College Democrats on Tuesday that featured alumni speakers who canvassed the history of affirmative action, white supremacy, and strategies for protecting Asian-American applicants without pitting them against other minority groups. Other student groups have refrained from taking stances on the lawsuit, though. In a recent interview, Undergraduate Council President Catherine L. Zhang ’19 and Vice President Nicholas D. Boucher ’19 said theydo not plan to take a public stance on the suit — though some UC representatives said they disagree with that decision.


By leon k. yang and patricia j. liu

Harvard Still Facing Three Federal Title IX Investigations The 2017 investigation is also examining concerns about promptness and equity in a Harvardinvestigation into a different sexual assault allegation, though it includes separate accusations against GSAS, too. That complaint also charged that the University failed to appoint a Title IX coordinator to oversee compliance with Title IX and failed to publish notices of non-discrimination. A spokesperson for the Department of Education said OCR does not discuss the details of its ongoing investigations. When The Crimson initially reported on the contents of the 2016 and 2017 investigations, a University spokesperson said Harvard responds “fairly and purposefully to allegations of sexual assault among its students, faculty, and staff.” Much has changed since the federal government opened these investigations — at Harvard and on the national stage. Harvard has expanded its training efforts around sexual misconduct and has hired additional Title IX coordinators since 2014. Even as Harvard has strengthened its programming around Title IX, enforcement of the law at the federal level remains in flux. U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos rescinded Obama-era policy guidelines that underlay Harvard’s Title IX policies and procedures in September 2017. Harvard’s central Title IX ­

We have worked hard in recent years to develop strong policies and procedures, to significantly expand our training and prevention efforts, to increase the support services available to our community members, and to raise awareness of them across campus. Melodie L.Jackson University Spokesperson

administrators pledged at the time to uphold the University’s current policies and procedures anyway — but new federal Title IX policies she is reportedly considering could compel Harvard to change its approach to addressing sexual assault and harassment, according to legal experts. The nationwide climate around sexual misconduct has also shifted as the #MeToo movement has taken off and encouraged women to come forward with their stories of sexual harassment. Harvard saw an uptick in reports of sexual misconduct last

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fall after the cultural movement began. Despite changes in the University’s policies and procedures since the 2014 investigation began, students have continued to call on Harvard to do more to prevent and address instances of sexual misconduct. Our Harvard Can Do Better, an anti-sexual assault advocacy group, has been particularly vocal. Amelia Y. Goldberg ’19, a member of the group, wrote in an email this week that the group has “repeatedly” sought a meeting with new University President Lawrence S. Bacow to discuss Title IX. “As of this writing, we have received no response from President Bacow,” she wrote. University Spokesperson Melodie Jackson wrote in an email that Bacow has met with “a wide range of students and looks forward to meeting those focused on the important work of addressing and preventing sexual assault and harassment.” “The safety and well-being of our community remains the University’s top priority,” Jackson wrote. “We have worked hard in recent years to develop strong policies and procedures, to significantly expand our training and prevention efforts, to increase the support services available to our community members, and to raise awareness of them across campus.”

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THE HARVARD CRIMSON  |  October 11, 2018

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Editorial The Crimson Editorial board

The Right Way to Address Sexual Misconduct Allegations


hris Heaton, the newly-hired head coach of Harvard’s diving team, was placed on leave and subsequently resigned after a class-action suit filed in Indiana alleged that he sent inappropriate photos to and solicited nude pictures from young female swimmers. According to University spokesperson Rachael Dane, Harvard was unaware of these allegations, which happened years ago, at the time of the hiring process. We are heartened by the University’s response to these allegations as soon as they came to light and completely agree with its course of action. While we applaud the University’s current response, we cannot ignore Harvard’s history of ignoring allegations of sexual misconduct and protecting powerful men from punishment. This includes the recent case of Government professor Jorge I. Dominguez, who was allowed to keep his position for over 30 years after the first reports of sexual harassment against him emerged in 1983. All institutions must be vigilant in taking allegations of sexual misconduct seriously and preventing abuses of power. Harvard’s swift response in placing Heaton on

leave following the allegations against him is a step in the right direction and hopefully reflective of the University’s commitment to protecting survivors. While we do not know the extent of the back-

While we applaud the Unviersity’s current response, we cannot ignore Harvard’s history of ignoring allegations of sexual misconduct and protecting powerful men from punshiment.

ground checks the University conducts on the people it hires, we expect that it maintain the highest level of scrutiny in hiring. To prevent cases like these — and others we may not know about— we ask the University to be more transparent in its hiring process and to remain uncompromising in conducting thorough background checks.

Elizabeth Y. Sun — TMI

Lies or Excuses?

Mental illness is real. It’s time that professors started treating it that way.


his week I had a cold. Not a fake cold, but like an actual cold where I had to take Tylenol and everything. I ended up having to take two days off of school to recover, and all I had to do to save my grades was email my professor a doctor’s note and a short explanation. But taking a sick day wasn’t always this straightforward. Most of the colds I had sophomore year weren’t actually colds. They were depression. Taking a sick day therefore meant deciding what kind of explanation, if any, I was planning to give. On the one hand, I could tell the truth and pray to god that my professor was someone both knowledgeable of and sympathetic to mental illnesses. On the other hand, I could supplement the purposefully nondescript doctor’s note with any innocuous lie that I felt like telling — sore throat, fe-

The replies that were once along the lines of “Get better soon!” and “Don’t worry about coming to class tomorrow!” suddenly became filled with a dead “When can you get the assignment in by.”

ver, allergic reaction — you name it. The options were endless. So in sophomore year, I mainly told lies. It was just easier — so much easier than any explanation of depression I could fit in a reasonably lengthed email. When I told people I was down with a fever, it triggered immediate sympathy and an immediate “Of course you won’t be able to finish this assignment on time!” That’s the beauty of physical ailments. They are more or less universal experiences: easy to describe, easy to imagine, and easy to excuse. Yet, over time I grew sick of these small lies. Even the white lie of just being “sick” bothered me. I knew I was entitled to medical confidentiality and that this cover-up was harmless, but I couldn’t help feeling that I wasn’t being true to myself, and certainly not standing up to the stigma I was trying to combat among friends and even acquaintances. I therefore made the decision to start telling the full, uncensored truth. In a streak of hopeful naivety, I almost expected to be congratulated. I thought that maybe my professors would applaud my willingness to be honest, that their academic prowess

would make it easy for them to trust in science over the folklore that mental illness is “all in your head,” that they would extend me the same sympathy they had extended when I told them it was all a fever. I was wrong. Sympathy immediately changed into skepticism. It didn’t matter that I had a doctor’s note or that I had pasted a literal piece of my heart into each email. The replies that were once along the lines of “Get better soon!” and “Don’t worry about coming to class tomorrow!”, suddenly became filled with a dead “When can you get the assignment in by.” Because the most sadistic personality trait of depression is that you can have a near-suicidal crisis one night and show up the next morning looking absolutely fine. With no cough, no cast, no scar, no fanfare to testify that, yes, your mind really had dealt serious damage to itself, and yes, it was was so awful you had to take the day off to recuperate. Harvard may have a stellar counseling and mental health service, and it may have all the institutional mechanisms needed for granting much-needed extensions and sick days, but the belittling of mental health issues by professors continues to be a terrifying reality — especially when a quarter of ushave been diagnosed or treated for a mental illness in the past year, and one-tenth of us have gone so far as to attempt suicide.

Harvard may have a stellar counseling and mental health service, and it may have all the instituional mechanisms needed for granting much-needed extensions and sick days, but the belittling of mental health issues by professors continues to be a terrifying reality. It’s therefore high time that Harvard professors began taking mental health seriously — as seriously as they take the average cold. My depression was not a lie, nor was it an excuse for academic incompetence. All I needed was time to heal. —Elizabeth Y. Sun ’19, a former Crimson Associate Editorial Editor, is a Government concentrator in Eliot House. Her column appears on alternate Thursdays.

On the same note, we ask the University to be more transparent about the process for reviewing allegations of sexual misconduct that are made against Harvard affiliates from outside the University. With greater transparency, outside observers can make suggestions on how to improve the process, which will hopefully leading to improved reviewing practices. Moreover, where appropriate, we ask that Harvard consider involving the student body in these processes. The University should be applauded for the actions it has taken to address these allegations of Heaton’s solicitation and distribution of nude pictures. We stand with the diving team as these allegations against their coach have surfaced. We hope that the Harvard community also stands with them, and that teammates receive support as needed during this difficult time. This staff editorial is the product of discussions at regular Editorial Board meetings. In order to ensure the impartiality of our journalism, Crimson editors who choose to opine and vote at these meetings are not involved in the reporting of articles on similar topics.

Why Harvard Should Have Fall Break By Jacob A. Fortinsky Position


his past weekend was our version of fall break — one day off on Oct. 8. After not having seen my family for weeks and feeling like I needed a break from campus, I decided to go home for the so-called vacation. Yet, due to last-minute assignments given to make up for Monday’s missed class and meetings scheduled for Monday, I was forced to cut my trip short and come back to campus Sunday morning. While hundreds of universities across the country give their students time off in the middle of the fall semester, outside of weekends, Harvard students have four days off from classes during the semester. (The remaining three are the week of Thanksgiving.) This is a serious problem that contributes to fatigue and stress, and the school ought to rectify it by establishing a weeklong fall break. This easy, bold step would send a clear signal to students that Harvard cares about our well-being, satisfaction, and mental health. In general, the College does a good job making sure that the school year is not too long. We had 170 days off in the 2017-2018 academic year, second only to Princeton in the Ivy League, and our 115 days of summer vacation was second only to Columbia’s 116. However, very little of that time off comes in the middle of the semester. Studies have shown that mid-semester breaks are important for physical and mental health. People who work for months without a break are more likely to develop fatigue, illnesses, and depression. That is why mental health groups on campuses across the country have been pushing for more intermittent school breaks, rather than two long breaks between semesters. Without any extended break between the start of school and Thanksgiving, a serious illness, family emergency, or mental health crisis can force students to fall far behind on classwork and sometimes even to withdraw from school for a semester. Additionally, having breaks within the semester is better for retaining knowledge. Forcing students to cram class material for 13 weeks straight is not conducive to absorbing information. Studies suggest that having more frequent breaks improves academic achievement among students and particularly benefits students from

low-income households. If, for example, Harvard were to make our four month-long summer vacation two weeks shorter and add a couple of mid-semester weeklong breaks, students would be less stressed, healthier, and more successful in the classroom.

While hundreds of universities across the country give their students time off in the middle of the fall semester, outside of weekends, Harvard students have four days off from classes during the semester. The only existing break in the fall semester is during the week of Thanksgiving, yet even then Harvard gives less time off than many other schools. Weeklong breaks allow students to utilize both weekends. Especially when the Harvard-Yale game is played in New Haven and most of the school is leaving campus already, it is stressful to return to Cambridge just for two more days of class. Giving students off the Monday and Tuesday of Thanksgiving week would allow us to enjoy the Game more fully and not have to worry about studying for a midterm the next day. This would also give students who live farther away a better opportunity to go home during the semester. For many international students or students who don’t live in the Northeast, the five-day vacation over Thanksgiving is not enough time to go home and spend time with family. I am privileged enough to live four hours from home, but the time and money that is required to leave campus often makes it hard to justify short visits home or to friends’ schools. For friends of mine who live in Miami, Arizona, or India, it is very hard to return home at any point between the start of school and winter break. Four additional days off during the week of Columbus Day or two additional days during the week of Thanksgiving would go a long way in making students happier and less stressed, and the missed time could be made up in many ways. Starting school half a week earlier in the fall or ending the semester slightly later is but a small price to pay for a much needed break. —Jacob A. Fortinsky ’21, a Crimson Editorial editor, lives in Winthrop House.

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THE HARVARD CRIMSON  | october 11, 2018

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about the team

2018 Overall Record 2-2 ______________________________________

Total Yards 414.8 ______________________________________

upcoming games ______________________________________

Conference Record 1-1 ______________________________________

Rushing Yards 223 ______________________________________

Games 4 ______________________________________

Passing Yards 191.8 ______________________________________

Men’s Hockey vs. Princeton 12:30pm, at Princeton

Streak Lost 2 ______________________________________

Yards Allowed 322 ______________________________________

Pts./Game 26.8 ______________________________________

Pts. Allowed/Game 20.5 ______________________________________

Men’s Hockey vs. Boston University 12:30pm, at Boston University

Track and Field

Gabby Thomas Inks Pro Contract with New Balance By Cade Palmer Crimson Staff Writer

Harvard sprinter Gabby Thomas has been described by many as prolific. As of last Thursday, she can now be described as simply a pro. On Wednesday afternoon, Thomas announced she would not be competing for the Crimson squad in her senior season. On Thursday, the tri-captain inked a professional deal with New Balance. The company announced the deal on Monday. “I was looking at other companies, pretty much all summer, and I guess New Balance heard that I was looking to go pro and they contacted me just one day,” Thomas said. “Their offer was really good so about two days later I went to their headquarters because they’re right here in Boston and I signed.” Thomas is the third sprinter to join the team, and the only female. Team New Balance also features sprinters Vernon Norwood and Trayvon Bromell. The deal marks the official conclusion of a storied Harvard career for the sprinter, one that has ended in multiple records in multiple events. In track, the spring semester is split into two seasons, indoor and outdoor. Each has its own set of Ivy championships, national championships and record books. Thomas has inscribed her name in both sets. For the Crimson, Thomas holds the indoor record for the

60-meter dash, the 200-meter dash and the 300-meter dash. In addition to the individual events, the Florence, Mass., native was a member of the program’s fastest ever 4x400-meter relay team. At her freshman year Indoor Ivy League Heptagonal championships, Thomas ascended to the top of the podium in four events. Taking first in the the 60-meter dash, the 200-meter dash, the long jump, and assisting her team in the 4x400-meter dash, the freshman put herself on everyone’s radar within the conference. Thomas won — or in the case of the 4x400 meter, helped to win — the 60-meter, the 200-meter and the 4x400-meter relay for the next two years. In 2017 as a sophomore, she broke the program record in both the indoor 60-meter and the 200-meter. In 2018, she broke her own school (and divisional) record in the 60-meter. She was the first Ivy League sprinter to win the two individual events three consecutive times. In both the 2017 and 2018 seasons, Thomas was named Ivy League Most Outstanding Track Performer. That’s just the divisional championships. In the same 2017 and 2018 seasons, Thomas advanced to the NCAA Division I Indoor Championships in the 200-meter dash. In her sophomore year, the second year made Ivy League history by becoming

the first Ivy League athlete to make an indoor sprint final. In the race, Thomas placed eighth — naturally the highest finish ever by an Ivy Leaguer. Thomas wasn’t satisfied. “Last year I came in dead last in this final with a really bad race,” said Thomas in a 2018 interview. “So I spent all [this] year mentally preparing and focusing on the discipline.” In 2018, Thomas returned to the national stage in the event. This time she left with gold, shattering the collegiate record in the 200-meter dash. The record had been set for 10 years prior by Bianca Knight of the University of Texas. Knight went on to win the gold in the 2012 London Olympic Games as a member of the United States 4x100-meter relay team. In the outdoor half of the competition, Thomas almost always replicated the feat. The tri-captain has school records in the outdoor 100-meter dash, the 200-meter dash and the long jump. In addition, Thomas was a member of the program record holding 4x100-meter, 4x200-meter and 4x400-meter teams. As she did in indoors, Thomas twice won Most Outstanding Track Performer at Ivy Heps twice. In 2018 she also won Most Outstanding Field Performer of the meet. In her freshman NCAA Division I outdoor championships meet, Thomas broke her Ivy and school record to finish third. In

FLORENCE FLASH Thomas is forgoing her final year of eligibility to train professionally. courtesy of the ivy league

the next two years, Thomas finished second and third in same event. The freshman season concluded in the USATF Olympic Trials. The then-freshman was Harvard’s only competitor in multiple events, finishing sixth in the 200-meter and 26th in the 100-meter dash. “She is extremely hard work-

ing,” said assistant head coach Kebba Tolbert. “To go from where she started at to where she is now, I think demonstrates the quality of the groups she’s worked with and how she’s pushed herself and how they’ve pushed her.” Dubbed “The Florence Flash” by The Crimson Sports Board staff, Thomas won the

Year in Sports Female Rookie of the Year (with Ngozi Musa) in 2016, Runner-Up Female Athlete of the Year in 2017, and Female Athlete of the Year last year. Thomas has beaten Olympians her entire career. Now she’s on her way to becoming one.


Ivy League Gears Up for Final Non-Conference Matches By jack stockless Crimson Staff Writer

Last week, I promised that if my analysis of Harvard football’s resurgence was inaccurate, you wouldn’t find a single trace of that edition of this column. I need to maintain my sterling reputation after all. Well, it turns out my editor isn’t a fan of “deleting articles” and “deceiving our readership.” As a result, my prediction that Harvard would trounce Cornell is preserved for generations of readers to scoff at. Embarrassing, to say the least. While my co-beat writer takes a week off to cover the burgeoning professional track career of Harvard’s Gabby Thomas, I’m filling in to deliver the locks of the week in the Ivy League. Aside from my miss on last week’s Harvard–Cor-

nell contest, I’m not sure what my record is in my first two attempts at prognosticating winners. But trust me, I know what I’m talking about. Here we go on another trip Around the Ivies. HOLY CROSS AT HARVARD Yet another Friday night game. Is it just me, or does it seem like the Ivy League (and all other football teams in the Northeast, for that matter) should do away with games under the lights? I mean the league refuses to allow its teams to participate in postseason play out of respect for tradition, so why are games being played with the assistance of modern lighting technology? Helmets should be relegated to the FBS. We should reinstate the fullback and scrap the forward pass. Rip up the turf covering Harvard Stadium

and lay down a mat of grass and mud. I’ll even do my part and write the next game story with pen and paper and record interviews in shorthand instead of using my computer. All jokes aside, night games actually do seem to add some allure and intrigue to these games. If anything, the evening start times appear to dramatically increase first-half attendance among the portion of the student body that actually decides to show up. The last time Harvard played Holy Cross was in a day game in week five of 2016. In that contest, the Crimson traveled to Worcester, Mass., and lost, 2717. This year, however, the script should flip. Harvard has homefield advantage, and the Crusaders have been scuffling in the Patriot League, which is not super competitive.

HANDS IN THE AIR Tailback Aaron Shampklin stuffs a Cornell defender. Timothy R. O’meara—Crimson photographer

Harvard by 3.5 CORNELL AT COLGATE Turns out Colgate University is named for William Colgate, the founder of a soap company that is now one of the largest worldwide brands. I probably should’ve known that (or at least guessed it) since I’ve been writing these for three years now, but give me a break. I personally prefer Crest myself, but that doesn’t mean I’m picking against Colgate this weekend. It currently sits first in the Patriot League, and it is far and away the best team in a conference in which the other six teams have a combined 6-27 overall record. Colgate’s football team is nicknamed the Raiders, and as we all know, Jon Gruden’s Oakland Raiders are having a rough start to this season after trading away elite pass rusher Khalil Mack. However, this Raiders team is not having any issues on the defensive end. Colgate boasts a 5-0 record — including two shutouts — and has only given up 23(!) points all season, six in its last four contests. This hardly sounds like a marquee matchup, but this game should actually be very entertaining. And Cornell is a team that can always pull off a surprise, as Harvard fans surely know by now. I’ll pick Colgate to wash away the Big Red in the end, though. Colgate by 6.5 COLUMBIA AT PENN The Philadelphia Flyers recently introduced a new mascot. Called “Gritty,” the orange monstrosity boasts an appearance eerily similar to that of the Los Angeles Dodgers’ Justin Turner. It’s tough to draw parallels between centuries-old Ivy League academic institutions and the concept of grit, but each school’s football team would certainly like to dispel this notion. On that note, let’s power rank the grittiest Ivy League schools: 8. Princeton: Eating clubs and a fancy name disqualify the Tigers. 7. Harvard: Lost all its grit when the Chick-fil-A in the Science Center was replaced by

Greenhouse Cafe, which in turn was replaced by yet another Clover. 6. Columbia: Its field is named after Robert Kraft. I’m a Patriots fan, but not the epitome of grit. 5. Dartmouth: Bridges the gap between gritty, woodsy New Hampshire and hipster New Hampshire, so it feels appropriate that Dartmouth lands pretty much in the middle. 4. Penn: Its press box consists of two rows of bleachers roped off by yellow caution tape. Now that’s grit. 3. Brown: Hard work does not go unnoticed; Brown has had to work the hardest to be taken seriously. Also, the Bears have easily the most minimalist football stadium. 2. Cornell: Closest to the blue-collar city of Buffalo. 1. Yale: This might be a surprising pick at the one spot, but we’re talking about New Haven here. Nothing further. In terms of this list, Penn edges Columbia, so I’ll pick the Quakers in this weekend’s contest. Penn by 1 BROWN AT PRINCETON Well, I guess I learned my lesson. I staked my reputation to the Bears last week, and how did they repay me? With a 48-0 loss to Rhode Island, of course. Really, it’s on me — I should’ve seen it coming. I mean the Rams are a ranked team, and Brown is...not. I’ll do better next time (I think). This week, the Bears match up against an opponent that is a few spots down from URI in the FCS rankings, but this team might just be better. No. 21 Princeton is now tuning up its collective opponents to an average final score of 53.0 to 8.3. Yep, you read that right. However, if Brown pulls off this upset a week after failing to live up to my prediction, you have my word that I will immediately retire from the football beat and The Crimson as a whole. Princeton by 60 (seriously) YALE AT MERCER The Mercer Bears are like the Brown Bears. Both schools’

athletic teams are called the Bears. And that’s about it actually. Mercer’s football program beats out Brown’s by a wide margin, but I’ll concede color scheme to the Providence, R.I., school. Mercer’s gray and orange mix does not really evoke “Bear” quite like Brown’s emphasis on...brown. Mercer sits at 3-3 and has won three of its last four contests. Though Yale also sits at .500, it has scuffled out of the gate compared to its bullish preseason projections following an Ivy League title win last season. Mercer is making a long journey up from Macon, Ga., to New Haven, Conn. I fear that the Bears do not know exactly what they’re dealing with, so I’ll tab the Bulldogs to take this one. Yale by 3 SACRED HEART AT DARTMOUTH The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris, otherwise known as Sacré-Cœur, sits perched atop the Butte Montmarte in France’s capital city. Sacré-Cœur seems to tower over the city, as its Byzantine architecture can be seen from all around. The view from the hilltop is equally striking: in “Monument and Myth,” David Harvey claims that in 1872, the Archbishop of Paris exclaimed, “It is here, it is here where the martyrs are, it is here that the Sacred Heart must reign so that it can beckon all to it!” This Saturday, Sacred Heart will not reign. Dartmouth football is just too good. The Pioneers have lost to Ivy League opponents in back-toback weeks, dropping a 43-24 decision at Cornell before hosting Penn and suffering a 31-27 defeat. This week, Sacred Heart returns to the road to face off against a consensus top-two Ancient Eight squad. The Big Green fell just short of a conference championship last season, and it responded by steamrolling last year’s champion Yale Bulldogs, 41-18, at the Yale Bowl last week. Once this Saturday has passed, Dartmouth may have to repent for its treatment of the Sacred Heart team. Dartmouth by 21

The Harvard Crimson - Volume CXLV, No. 100  
The Harvard Crimson - Volume CXLV, No. 100