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EDITORIAL

THE DOG MAGAZINE NO. 12

December 2015

EDITOR Ewa Larsson LAYOUT DESIGN Snežka Kuralt ADVERTISING DESIGN Ewa Larsson Natasja Rutters Snežka Kuralt INFO: info@ thedog-magazine.com www.thedog-magazine.com

HI, Our goal with this magazine is to promote responsible breeding and dog ownership and to encourage ethical conduct and responsible breeding of purebred dogs. Our vision is to help promote responsible pet ownership and improve the quality of life of every dog show dog or pet. We make it our goal to provide the most up to date and honest

information every dog owner should know.

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THE DOG MAGAZINE

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STANDARD BREED

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HERPESVIRUS INFECTIONS IN DOGS HEALTH

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BAKERVILL’S STYLE BREEDER

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SHAMROCK DRAFT KENNEL BREEDER

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ELENA REZNICHENKO BREEDER

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PAUL & TINEKE OEGEMA OWNER

17 HERPESVIRUS INFECTIONS IN DOGS HEALTH

What is Canine Herpes Virus (CHV)? It is a worldwide-occurring DNA virus which is sensitive to all kinds of influences such as temperature, acidity and disinfectants

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CONTENT BAKERVILL’S STYLE BREEDER

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36

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SHAMROCK DRAFT KENNEL

ELENA REZNICHENKO

BREEDER

BREEDER

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CONTENT

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THETEAM EWALARSSON

NATASJARUTTERS

My name is Ewa Larsson, Britisher Show Bulldogs we are situated in Canterbury, England. My kennel was established in 1992.

“A little story about who I am and what I do”

My bulldogs live with me inside my house and are raised in a loving environment as one of the family. I believe this approach is reflected in the behaviour of my dogs. Health, a correct temperament and dogs of the highest quality are my goal. Since Spring 2006, I am on the Bulldog Club Inc committee. The Bulldog Club Inc is the oldest Bulldog club in the world, and holds the prestigious Bulldog of the Year Show.

I always loved dogs and in particular the Bulldog. And when I got my own place … there was my first English bulldog. For many years I was surrounded by the love of these beautiful dogs.

I am a Bulldog Breed Specialist Judge currently on “ B” list. I am member of : The Bulldog Club Incorporated, The London Bulldog Society, The South of England Bulldog Society, The Junior Bulldog Club. My affix “ Britisher” is derived from a noun Brit·ish·er which stands for: “An Englishman- a subject or inhabitant of Great Britain”. Please feel free to visit our website. www.britisher.co.uk

SNEŽKAKURALT

We live in a small town in southern Netherlands near the Belgium border.

At the moment I share my house with 2 French Bulldogs, who also have a wonderful character only in a smaller body With my male Ch. Carte Truffé Kangaroo Kiss ‘Sydney’ (import Finland) I regularly take part of dog shows in the Netherlands and abroad. I am a member of the Hollandse Bulldog Club and the English Bulldog Club Netherlands. Beside designing and spending time with my dogs I love to be creative, like painting and photography. For more information about my dogs www.mybulldogs.nl and work www.mdgraphics.nl

I first started to be seriously involved in Cynology, when I bought my first Rhodesian ridgeback (Cubo) from breeder Mr. Andrej Fister – Kyala kennel. Since I had had a ridgeback, I wanted to spent some time and communicate with people who own the same breed. So I became involved and was one of the founding members of Club of Rhodesian ridgeback Slovenia. I was chief of organization of our first special show for Rhodesian ridgebacks in Slovenia. The show entered more than 50 dogs, which was a very nice number for such a small country. We even got Mr. Hans Mueller as a judge, for our first club show, even though the show was not CAC awarded. Soon after, I began my apprenticeship for a Cynology judge, and in January 2011 I acquired a license to judge Rhodesian ridgebacks.

I was born and raised in Southern Slovenia, in a small town called Senovo. By education I am a graphic designer and landscape architect. Currently I am employed in Landscape and GIS Company, where I am a head of marketing and education department.

I currently own two Rhodesian ridgebacks Cubo and Cana. Cubo, his pedigree name is Myollnir Kyala, is one of the most successful show ridgebacks in Slovenia and has always makes me proud. He is eight years old now and he is calm and mostly a gentleman. Cana (Dikeledi Ayaba) is our female ridgeback, 6 years old; she brings joy to my life with her silly stunts and happy nature. Cana was imported from Croatia, from Ayaba kennel.

I always felt a great love toward animals, especially dogs. Dogs and cats were always around when I was little and I guess it was meant that that part of my love in life stays with me even in my adulthood.

In my free time I make small products for dog owners, mostly for Rhodesian ridgeback lovers and do different graphic designs for all breeds.

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DOGUE DE BORDEAUX FCI-Standard N° 116 / 23.01.2009/EN

This illustration does not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

TRANSLATION: Tim Taylor and Raymond Triquet. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland 2007.

Section 2.1 Molossoid breeds.

ORIGIN: France

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The dogue de Bordeaux is one of the most ancient French breeds, probably a descendant of the Alans and, in particular, the alan vautre of which Gaston Phebus (or Febus), Count of Foix, wrote in the 14th century, in his Livre de Chasse that “he holds his bite stronger than three sighthounds”. The word “dogue” appeared at the end of the 14th century.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 04.11.2008. UTILIZATION: Guard, defence and dissuasion. FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds- Swiss mountain and Cattle Dogs.

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Without working trial.


Article FCI Breed Standard FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL)

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In the middle of the 19th century these ancient dogues were hardly renowned outside the region of Aquitaine. They were used for hunting large game such as boar, for fighting (often codified), for the guarding of houses and cattle and in the service of butchers. In 1863 the first French dog show took place in Paris in the Jardin d’Acclimatation. The Dogues de Bordeaux were entered under their present name. There have been different types : The Toulouse type, the Paris type and the Bordeaux type, which is the origin of today’s Dogue. The breed, which had suffered greatly during the two world wars, to the point of being threat ened with extinction after the second world war, got off to a fresh start in the 1960’s. 1st standard (“Caractère des vrais dogues”) in Pierre Megnin, Le Dogue de Bordeaux, 1896. 2nd standard in J. Kunstler, Etude critique du Dogue de Bordeaux, 1910. 3rd standard by Raymond Triquet, with the collaboration of Vet. Dr. Maurice Luquet, 1971. 4th standard reformulated according to Jerusalem model (FCI) by Raymond Triquet, with the collaboration of Philippe Serouil, President of the French Dogue de Bordeaux Club and its Committee, 1993. Precisions were added in 2007 by Raymond Triquet (Honorary President of the SADB), Sylviane Tompousky (President of the SADB) and Philippe Sérouil (committee member of the SADB). GENERAL APPEARANCE: Typical concave lined brachycephalic molossoid. The Dogue de Bordeaux is a very powerful dog, with a very muscular body yet retaining a harmonious general outline. It is built rather close to the ground, the distance sternumground being slightly less than the depth of the chest. Stocky, athletic and imposing, it has a very dissuasive aspect. IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: • The length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock, is superior to the height at

• • • •

the withers, in the proportion of 11/10. The depth of the chest is more than half the height at the withers. The maximum length of the muzzle is equal to one third of the length of the head. The minimum length of the muzzle is equal to one quarter of the length of the head. In the male, the perimeter of the skull corresponds more or less to the height at the withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: An ancient fighting dog, the Dogue de Bordeaux is gifted for guarding, which it assumes with vigilance and great courage but without aggressiveness. A good companion, very attached to its master and very affectionate. Calm, balanced with a high stimulus threshold. The male normally has a dominant character. HEAD: Voluminous, angular, broad, rather short, trapezoid when viewed from above and in front. The longitudinal axes of the skull out of the bridge of nose are convergent (towards the front). The head is furrowed with symmetrical wrinkles, each side of the median groove. These deep ropes of wrinkle are mobile depending on whether the dog is attentive or not. The wrinkle which runs from the inner corner of the eye to the corner of the mouth is typical. If present, the wrinkle running from the outer corner of the eye to either the corner of the mouth or the dewlap should be discreet. CRANIAL REGION: Skull: In the male: the perimeter of the skull measured at the level of its greatest width corresponds roughly to the height at the withers. In bitches: it may be slightly less. Its volume and shape are the consequences of the very important development of the temporals, supra-orbital arches, zygomatic arches and the spacing of the branches of the lower jaw. The upper region of the skull is slightly convex from one side to the other. The frontal groove is deep, diminishing towards

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FCI Breed Standard

the posterior end of the head.

development of the muscles.

The forehead dominates the face but does not overhang it. However it is still wider than high.

Eyes: Oval, set wide apart. The space between the two inner corners of the eyelids is equal to about twice the length of the eye (eye opening). Frank expression. The haw must not be visible. Colour : hazel to dark brown for a dog with a black mask, lighter colour tolerated but not sought after in dogs with either a brown mask or without a mask.

Stop: Very pronounced, almost forming a right angle with the muzzle (95° to 100°). FACIAL REGION: Nose: Broad, well opened nostrils, well pigmented according to the colour of the mask. Upturned nose permissible but not if it is set back towards the eyes.

Ears: Relatively small, of a slightly darker colour than the coat. At its set on, the front of the base of the ear is slightly raised.

Muzzle: Powerful, broad, thick, but not fleshy below the eyes, rather short, upper profile very slightly concave, with moderately obvious folds. Its width hardly decreasing towards the tip of the muzzle, when viewed from above it has the general shape of a square. In relation to the upper region of the skull, the line of the muzzle forms a very obtuse angle upwards. When the head is held horizontally the tip of the muzzle, truncated, thick and broad at the base, is in front of a vertical tangent to the anterior face of the nose. Its perimeter is almost two thirds of that of the head. Its length varies between one third and minimum one quarter of the total length of the head, from the nose to the occipital crest. The limits stated (maximum one third and minimum one quarter of the total length of the head) are permissible but not sought after, the ideal length of the muzzle being between these two extremes.

They must fall down, but not hang limply, the front edge being close to the cheek when the dog is attentive. The tip of the ear is slightly rounded; it must not reach beyond the eye. Set rather high, at the level of the upper line of the skull, thus appearing to accentuate its width even more.

Jaws: Jaws powerful, broad. Undershot (the undershot condition being a characteristic of the breed). The back of the lower incisors is in front of and not in contact with the front face of the upper incisors. The lower jaw curves upwards. The chin is well marked and must neither overlap the upper lip exaggeratedly nor be covered by it.

Topline: Well sustained. Withers: Well marked. Back: Broad and muscular.

Teeth: Strong, particularly the canines. Lower canines set wide apart and slightly curved. Incisors well aligned especially in the lower jaw where they form an apparently straight line. Lips: Upper lip thick, moderately pendulous, rectractile. When viewed in profile it shows a rounded lower line. It covers the lower jaw on the sides. In front the edge of the upper lip is in contact with the lower lip, then drops on either side thus forming an inverted wide V. Cheeks: Prominent, due to the very strong

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NECK: Very strong, muscular, almost cylindrical. This skin is supple, ample and loose. The average circumference almost equals that of the head. It is separated from the head by a slightly accentuated transversal furrow, slightly curved. Its upper edge is slightly convex. The well defined dewlap starts at the level of the throat forming folds down to the chest, without hanging exaggeratedly. The neck, very broad at its base, merges smoothly with the shoulders. BODY:

Loin: Broad. Rather short and solid. Croup: Moderately sloping down to the root of the tail. Chest: Powerful, long, deep, broad, let down lower than the elbows. Broad and powerful forechest whose lower line (inter-axillae) is convex towards the bottom. Ribs well let down and well sprung but not barrel shaped. The circumference of the chest must be between 25 cm to 35 cm greater than the height at the withers. Underline and belly: Curved from the deep brisket to the rather tucked up, firm abdomen, being neither pendulous nor nor too tucked up. TAIL: Very thick at the base. Its tip preferably

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FCI Breed Standard

reaching the hock and not below. Carried low, it is neither broken nor kinked but supple. Hanging when the dog is at rest, generally rising by 90° to 120° from that position when the dog is in action, without curving over the back or being curled. LIMBS FOREQUARTERS: General appearance: Strong bone structure, legs very muscular. Shoulders: Powerful, prominent muscles. Slant of shoulder-blade medium (about 45° to the horizontal), angle of the scapular-humeral articulation a little more than 90°. Upper Arms: Very muscular. Elbows: In the axis of the body, neither too close to the ribcage nor turned out. Forearms: Viewed from the front, straight or inclining slightly inwards thus getting closer to the median plane, especially in dogs with a very broad chest. Viewed in profile, vertical. Metacarpus (Pastern): Powerful. Viewed in profile, slightly sloping. Viewed from the front sometimes slightly outwards compensating for the slight inclination of the forearm inwards. Forefeet: Strong. Toes tight, nails curved and strong, pads well developed and supple: the Dogue is well up on his toes despite his weight. HINDQUARTERS: General appearance: Robust legs with strong bone structure; well angulated. When viewed from behind the hindquarters are parallel and vertical thus giving an impression of power even though the hindquarters are not quite as broad as the forequarters. Upper Thigh: Very developed and thick with visible muscles. Stifle: In a parallel plane to the median plane or very slightly out. Second thigh: Relatively short, muscled, descending low. Hock: Short, sinewy, angle of the hock joint moderately open. Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Robust, no dewclaws. Hind feet: Slightly longer than the front feet, toes tight. GAIT / MOVEMENT: Quite supple for a molossoid. When walking the movement is

free and supple, close to the ground. Good drive from the hindquarters, good extension of the forelegs, especially when trotting, which is the preferred gait. When the trot quickens, the head tends to drop, the topline inclines towards the front, and the front feet get closer to the median plane while striding out with a long reaching movement of the front legs. Canter with rather important vertical movement. Capable of great speed over short distances by bolting along close to the ground. SKIN: Thick and sufficiently loose fitting, without excessive wrinkles. COAT HAIR: Fine, short and soft to the touch. COLOUR: Self-coloured, in all shades of fawn, from mahogany to isabella. A good pigmentation is desirable. Limited white patches are permissible on the forechest and the extremities of the limbs. Mask: Black mask: The mask is often only slightly spread out and must not invade the cranial region. There may be slight black shading on the skull, ears, neck and top of body. The nose is black. Brown mask: (used to be called red or bistre). The nose is brown; the eyerims and edges of the lips are also brown. There may be non-invasive brown shading; each hair having a fawn or sandy zone and a brown zone. In this case the inclined parts of the body are a paler colour. No mask: The coat is fawn: the skin appears red (also formerly called “red mask”). The nose can then be reddish. SIZE AND WEIGHT: Height at withers: Height should more or less correspond to the perimeter of the skull. Height at the withers: For males: 60-68 cm. For females: 58-66 cm. 1 cm under and 2 cm over will be tolerated. Weight: Dogs: at least 50 kg. Bitches: at least 45 kg. Females: Identical characteristics but less pronounced.

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FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog. SEVERE FAULTS : • Disproportioned head (too small or exaggerately voluminous). • Bulldoggy hypertype: Flat skull, muzzle measuring less than a quarter of the total length of the head. Swollen fold (roll) behind the nose. Important fold around the head. • Important lateral deviation of the lower jaw. • Incisors constantly visible when the mouth is closed. Very small incisors, unevenly set. • Arched back (convex). • Fused but not deviated vertebrae of the tail. • Forefeet turning inwards (even slightly). • Forefeet turning outwards too much. • Flat thighs. • Angle of hock too open (straight angulation). • Angle of the hock too closed, dog standing under himself behind. • Cow hocks or barrel hocks. • Stilted movement or serious rolling of rear. • Excessive shortness of breath,rasping. • White on tip of tail or on the front part of the forelegs, above the carpus (wrist) and the tarsus (hock) or white, without interruption, on the front of the body from the forechest to the throat. DISQUALIFYING FAULTS: • Aggressive or overly shy. • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified. • Long, narrow head with insufficiently pronounced stop, with a muzzle measuring more than a third of the total length of the head (lack of type in head). • Muzzle parallel to the top line of the skull or downfaced, Roman nose. • Twisted jaw.

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• Mouth not undershot. • Canines constantly visible when the mouth is closed. • Tongue constantly hanging out when the mouth is closed. • Blue eyes; bulging eyes. • Tail knotted and laterally deviated or twisted (screw tail, kink tail). • Atrophied tail. • Fiddle front and down on pasterns. • Angle of the hock open towards the rear (inverted hock). • White on the head or body, any other colour of the coat than fawn (shaded or not) and in particular brindle or solid brown called “chocolate” (each hair being entirely brown). • Identifiable disabling defect. N.B.: • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

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Maarten Kappen Vet – Netherlands www.dierenkliniekeersel.nl

HERPESVIRUS INFECTIONS IN DOGS What is Canine Herpes Virus (CHV)?

I

t is a worldwide-occurring DNA virus which is sensitive to all kinds of influences such as temperature, acidity and disinfectants

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Herpesvirus infections in dogs

Over the last few years, pedigree dog breeders are increasingly confronted with problems getting bitches pregnant, bitches giving birth to small litters and to a lesser extent, stillborn pups or puppies which will die shortly after birth. Large kennels with many external contacts in the show and training business or otherwise, particularly seem to be affected. It has been stated that currently around 50% of the kennels is infected. As often thought, the infection does not result in the entire kennel being sick and a temporary stop with breeding, but it is presented with bitches who are persistently non-pregnant

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for a longer period (sometimes up to several years), with the occasional exception and a lingering and alternating character is often appreciated. In the end, it often improves, with or without a number of measures. This image could fit a Herpes Canis or Canine Herpes Virus infection. Several other causes could also be considered, but given the relevance and frequency I would like to limit myself to the herpes virus infection. What is Canine Herpes Virus (CHV)? CHV is a worldwide-occurring DNA virus which is sensitive to all kinds of


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Herpesvirus infections in dogs

influences such as temperature, acidity and disinfectants. Typically, growth is optimal at a temperature of 34-35 degrees Celsius, which explains the primary sites of infection and multiplication, including the mucous membrane of nose, eye, mouth, and external genital organs. The virus is unstable at temperatures of 40 degrees or higher and in contrast to, for example the Parvo virus, the Herpes virus does not live long outside the body or in the environment. Most disinfectants are sufficient against CHV. Routes of infection Direct contact is the main route of infection which can be explained by the features of the virus mentioned above. The majority of cases gets infected by sniffing and licking. Puppies can get infected during the expulsion through the birth canal or in the nest by contact with the secretion of the bitch. Mating is also a cause of an infection although to a lesser extent. This is caused by the transfer of mucus containing the Herpes virus. The incubation period (the time between infection and symptoms) is 6 to 10 days. It is said that the nasal discharge remains infectious up to 15 days after infection and semen and vaginal fluid even up to 20 days. An infection in the uterus may also occur from the membranes of mother to the embryos, foetus’ or pups. Carrier ship Herpesviruses occur in many species but the different types are usually species-specific, such as CHV. Most herpes strains have the ability to infect the host for life, in which the symptoms may return periodically, for example in periods of lower immune resistance. This is the same as in the wellknown Herpes Simplex or cold sores in humans. If the animal is infected, he

can be carrier of CHV which is hiding in “state of rest” in certain parts of the nervous system (ganglia), but also the tonsils and the salivary glands can be affected. In case of stressful situations, the virus can spread from these places to the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, eyes and genitals. This results in the carrier being infectious to others through the same routes of infection as indicated above. A pregnant bitch is infectious in the last 3 weeks of gestation and in the first 3 weeks after parturition. A similar situation may also occur in dogs in heat. The usage of drugs which suppress the immune system, such as corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone) can lead to reactivation of the herpes virus. What’s more, it is important to note that not all infected animals are carrier! Consequences of CMV infection. The majority of animals are infected during life without you noticing anything. One speaks of a so-called subclinical infection. This is pleasant on one hand because there are no symptoms, but inconvenient on the other, because based on clinical signs it is not easy to distinguish to what extend CHV has spread in a population. When you add this to the lifelong carriers, with the occasional flare-ups, you end up with a situation in the population similar to an iceberg: you can only see the tip, however, below the water surface the total size may be much greater. The consequences of CMV with the dog can be divided among four groups: 1. The pup mortality group, as further described below, this is the most harmful one. 2. Damages of the mucous membranes of the vagina, penis and foreskin resulting from

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recently infected dogs. Usually this involves blisters and bleeding of the mucous membrane which is visible with the speculum. Dogs are in general not bothered by these symptoms. 3. The CHV can be a part of the kennel cough syndrome. This is a complex of pathogens and factors that is able to cause an inflammation of the upper respiratory system in the dog. CHV probably plays a minor role overall, but is still the most important component of an infection through nose, mouth, sniffing, licking and coughing. 4. Fertility problems, such as not become pregnant in bitches by infection at an early stage of gestation, early embryonic death, is mentioned to be caused by a CHV infection in a stage slightly later on and to small litters. Lots of evidence regarding this group has already been found, however, direct evidence is still relatively low. CHV in this group might also promote other causative agents involving infertility problems. What do we see in puppies? In case of infection in new born infants, the majority of pups are one week old at the start of the infection. At this age, it leads to death within a few days. The pups often have done very well in the beginning, they grow well and are usually the heaviest. Then suddenly they stop drinking and show listlessness. Symptoms of respiratory problems such as breathing with an open mouth, tightness, a lot of saliva, and watery nasal discharge may occur. Vomiting and soft grey yellow or green stools may occur. The penetrating and continuous shouting sometimes ac-

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companied by cycling movements and stargazing, are typically seen in the end and touching the belly of the pup is a painful event. When puppies infected are older than 2 to 3 weeks the virus is no longer fatal. Respiratory problems, neurological signs, blindness and deafness can occur. If the infection occurs at a later age, the infection usually presents itself as in adult dogs without any clinical symptoms. Why are puppies so sensitive to CHV? The main reasons are: the relatively poorly developed capacity of a puppy up to about 10 days old to maintain its own body temperature and the lack of a fully developed immune system. It is known that one pup receives more antibodies than the other from the same litter, which means not all pups will show symptoms. Research has shown that increasing the body temperature artificially in sick puppies has no effect. Detecting the infection. One of the options to detect an infection is to measure the CHV antibodies in blood by means of the ELISA methodology. However, the development and amount of the antibodies are influenced by many factors. Some dogs show display after infection no or barely a positive antibody titre and with others it remains for years. In case you find a positive titre in a dog and there is no history of fertility problems this will only tell you that the dog has ever been in contact with CHV. It says nothing about any problems that might arise in the future with this individual dog. If you cannot find a positive titre, the dog has not been in contact with CHV, however as some dogs despite contamination and carriers do not develop one.


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Herpesvirus infections in dogs

Research shows that a number of environmental factors are able to elevate this titre, including dog-kennel size, a lack of hygiene, and a current or past infection with kennel cough. Age and stage of the cycle in bitches and mating experience in males also have shown to be a factor. There is a correlation in affected kennels between the percentage of rejected puppies and the level of the titre. Overall, it can be said that the interpretation of blood values is difficult. In general, females without a detectable antibody titre and brought into a kennel in which CHV is present, are potentially at risk of getting fertility problems. Another possibility to detect the DNA of the virus directly from nasal swabs or vaginal mucosal swabs. This is in practice very difficult and not practical given the relatively short period of virus excretion. The most distinctive method is to perform necropsy on dead puppies directly at or after birth. Although post-mortem, this can provide irrefutable evidence. Bleedings in several organs can be appreciated due to the affinity of CHV for blood vessel. Especially in the kidneys this leads to a very typical distinct image. Also, lungs, spleen, liver, lymph nodes, and brains can exhibit bleedings. It is possible to can detect the virus in these organs by means of more extensive laboratory (PCR). What to do? A distinction must be made between: 1. The individual sick animal and 2. The entire kennel with its reproductive problems. 1. In case of sick puppies you can only take general supportive measures, such as attempting to maintain

hydration, energy balance and body temperature. For the non-sick littermates increasing the environment temperature and administering serum of an adult dog with a high antibody titre against CHV could be of help. Interferon or other antiviral resources are being suggested, but evidence is still thin. Lactoferrin, a substance in breast milk, it has experimentally proven to offer some protection against CHV, in practice we can not work with this yet. Given the infectiousness to others, these puppies with their mother should always be kept separate from other dogs (see also 2.) During the examination of these puppies, there must be proper hygiene. 2. In case of a kennel in which problems with fertility and puppy deaths are present and CHV is detected, a number of issues are important: • Good general hygiene not only reduces infection rate of CHV but infection with other pathogens as well: thorough cleaning and disinfection of the environment is important. • With blood tests one can determine whether CHV titres are present and therefore contamination is possible. • Always perform necropsy on the dead pup. • Preventing direct contamination by the pregnant bitches: those from three weeks before the birth until the time of weaning the puppies to be housed separately, separated from the other dogs. • Artificial insemination only protects the male dogs and not the bitches! The sperm always has been in contact with the

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mucous membranes of the penis, and thus potentially infectious for the bitch. A carrier bitch is for the male dog no risk. • A caesarean section on the bitch reduces the risk of infection in puppies of a virus-carrying bitch. • Avoid stress, these include: size of the kennel, infections with other pathogens of kennel cough, the introduction of many new animals, intensive contact through shows, mating etc. • The identification of carriers and infectious dogs is difficult as described above and isolating and relocating these dogs is in practice hardly an option. • Preventive vaccination of bitches used for breeding: it is a good option available since recently. Preventive vaccination. The purpose of the vaccination is to protect the pups and try to prevent puppy mortality by improving the immune level against CHV in the mother. The mother provides the pup on the 1st day of birth, colostrum with antibodies against a variety of pathogens, including CHV. In general, there is a good correlation between the level of the immune titre in the mother and the level of the acquired immunity in puppies when they have taken-in sufficient colostrum. It has also been shown that the percentage of pregnant bitches in infected areas increases after vaccination and at the same time, the percentage of stillborn pups is reduced. According to the manufacturer, birth weight and litter size are also higher after vaccinating CHV-infected kennels.

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Vaccination scheme. The bitch used for breeding receives the first vaccination in the period starting from the first day of heat up to 10 days after fertilization. The second vaccination is given one or two weeks before giving birth. The question is whether the second vaccination should be given the ultrasound at four weeks tells us that the bitch is not pregnant. The same vaccination scheme can be used at every next fertilization. Practical experience with vaccination. We have already gained some experience with preventive vaccinations against CHV. It remains difficult in practice to objectively assess the effectiveness and because in most cases it is not 100% sure CHV is the cause of the problem and there are many other causes which may be responsible for the pregnancy of a ‘problem bitch’ after vaccination. However, our impression is that it does work, and there is no obvious alternative. Summarizing and practical importance: The CHV is widespread, difficult to identify with diagnostics, it is hardly spread by the male dog, remains present in carriers, is for the individual sick puppy difficult or impossible to treat and preventative control measurements in problem kennels include: vaccination of the breeding bitches and good hygiene measures. Eradication of CHV is currently not possible, controlling it is!


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Herpesvirus infections in dogs

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THE BEST THINGS IN LIFE ARE WORTH WAITING FOR… - Bakervill’s Style -

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Name Michel & Sandra Bakker Country Netherlands Affix Bakervill’s Style www www.bakervills-style.nl

Bakervill’s start In 1994 we start looking for a dog and we had different breeds on our list; the English Mastiff, the Mastino Napolitano, the Bullmastiff and the Dogue de Bordeaux. After reading, looking at shows and talking with different people in the breeds we decided that the Dogue de Bordeaux was our breed (never regret that discussion for a second). We bought our first Dogue de Bordeaux – Aquilla “Hooch” – from Betty Straatman- Rol, he was the last one in the litter, but for us he was the first pick of the litter, from the beginning we had an eye on this fantastic boy. When we bought this boy we wanted a dog for ourselves and never thought about going to shows  But Betty had one condition, that Hooch had to go to the Junior Dog Day from the N.M.M.C., it was nice to have the whole litter complete, she said. The judge wrote a really nice report from Hooch and we decided to go to the big Winner Show

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later that year in Amsterdam. And he got placed in a very big Group. When he was a big boy, Hooch became Dutch Champion; our first baby dog became champion. That was a very special moment.

which Viski and Vienna are the most well known. Viski went over in co-ownership to our good friends in Moscow where he stayed with his second mum Irina Ketova.

Now after almost 20 years later you can say things went slightly different … we were infected by the Dogue de Bordeaux virus.

You have dog shows and dog shows, but to us there is only one place on earth that breaths dogs; CRUFTS

Crufts

The V- litter

The first time we visited Crufts with our friend Alan Bates, we didn’t know what hit us, so many dogs, such a big show and such a nice atmosphere. At that point the Dogue de Bordeaux was not even allowed to be shown on Crufts because they were still on the import register. (I never forget calling The English Kennel Club to ask them how to enter my Dogue de Bordeaux for Crufts and the woman on the other side said that is wasn’t possible. I replied to the woman that I have tickets in my hand and that my dog was qualified for Crufts on several big shows on the continent). When Alan and us were walking around at Crufts the 3 of us started to dream about running at Crufts on the green carpet with our dogs but it would take a few years more.

This was our first Bakervill’s Style litter with Multi Champion Brandoux Calaix. Calaix was born out of Laruscades Bibi and Seignorie Kwan de la Seigneurie des Chartrons. After looking around for a while our eye was caught by a male, that many people who are in the breed for a bit longer all know – Temple Felson -.

Our first time was with Honey Bee del Tridentum a female from the last litter of Brandoux Toezzz. Honey qualified for Crufts at the International Dog show in Dortmund. She made us all proud getting Reserve Best Female at Crufts, which gave an amazing feeling that can’t be described. Mr. A. Bicknell from England judged her.

This first litter is what people in the Dart sport World would describe as an 180!

A few years later in 2013 we returned with a son of Honey Bee del Tridentum; Bakervill’s Style Funky Boy “Toto” who had at that time for his young age already a very big show career.

Aquilla “Hooch” When he became champion and had some fantastic health results, breeders start to ask for breeding’s, but as people know we are not giving so much studs with our dogs. We think Hooch did about 10 breeding in his whole life. But he was a really good producer, only a few names to mention; Paola de la Maison de Hollande – Junior World Champion and World Champion, Pebbles de la Maison de Hollande who became Reserve World Champion (bred by Gerard & Sheryl van ’t Hul) and Multi Champion Brandoux Toezzz, who was bred by Alan Bates. Toezzz ended up in our house, he is a dog never to be forgotten.

Calaix gave birth to 7 pups, 5 of them became Champion or Multi Champion in countries all over the World – Viski, Vienna, Vasco, Valton and Verona, from

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2013 would be the year that a dream


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Bakervill’s Style

Bakervill’s Style Funky Boy, BOB Crufts

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Bakervill’s Style Funky Boy, BOB Crufts

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Woman taking Reserve Best Bitch, just like her grandmother Honey Bee del Tridentum did in 2011. Bakervilll’s showcarreer As mentioned before our first steps in showing dogs were made in the Netherlands with our first Dogue de Bordeaux Aquilla “Hooch” followed by the shows all over Europe with Brandoux Toezzz. Who had an impressive list of wins all over Europe; Junior World Champion, European Champion, Clubwinner titles and many country championships. At the same time we started showing with Brandoux Calaix who became European Champion and won at 3 club shows in Germany, Italy and the Netherlands in one year. Like the saying; The Apple doesn’t fall far from the tree…. Bakervill’s Style Hot Chilli

came true – winning Crufts – Toto became BEST OF BREED on Crufts under Mrs. Claire Davis from England. 2014 a year later, Toto returned to Crufts and again he won Best Male this time under Mr. B. Bosch from Belgium. 2015 this year still give us goose bums. Nobody expected that Toto would be back to “defend” the Crufts title because he won already 2 times and was almost 5 years old so it was a big surprise for everybody. The unbelievable thing happened, for the 3rd year in a row Bakervill’s Style Funky Boy “Toto” won the Crufts title and ended up with BEST OF BREED under Mrs. C. Cavanagh. And also not to forget our lovely female Bakervill’s Style Honkey Tonk

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Bakervill’s Style Viski son of Brandoux Calaix became European Champion in Croatia and took loads of titles in the eastern countries. His sister Vienna also won multiple titles in the Netherlands, Italy and Germany. Viski is also a proud daddy to the 2-times World Champion Dorsdorf Hummer. Honey Bee del Tridentum was bred in Italy and was out of the last litter that was sired by Brandoux Toezzz. Like her father she made us very proud with her show career – Reserve Best female on Crufts, Dutch Jr. and Dutch Champion and Best Female at the Italian Club match. Honey Bee gave birth to the famous F-litter that was very present at the World Dog show 2011 in Paris. Bakervill’s Style Funky Boy “Toto” became Junior World Champion and Best Junior and his sister Bakervill’s Style Flabbergasted “Flabber” became also Junior World Champion. Later that year Toto won the Junior European ti-


Article

Bakervill’s Style

Bakervill’s Style Viski

tle and became Best Male and in the final, Best Junior in Group 2. Toto’s show wins and titles are to many to be mentioned and he is still showing on special occasions. At the moment we are showing with brother and sister from our H-litter; Bakervill’s Style Hot Chilli “Snap” and Bakervill’s Style Honkey Tonk Wom-

an “Pipo” children from our Bakervill’s Style Fear Factor “Nena” who became Reserve Junior World Champion in France and Dutch Junior Champion. They won several Junior Titles but the most impressive was when they won the double in 2013 at the European Dog show in Geneva under Mrs C. Molinari from Portugal. In the years to follow they kept on winning throughout

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Sandra showing

Brandoux Toezzz

Europe. Snaps European title in Brno Czech Republic in 2014 and probably one of the most special wins was his win at the Top Dog of the Year show in the Netherlands. Dogs that were placed 1-2 or 3 in Group at the Dutch shows and the Club winner –The Top of the Bill - can only enter this show. At this show the dogs are show on a

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big catwalk with Music and spotlights. Snap beat all the top dogs of Group 2 from 2014. Snap’s latest win was at the biggest Molosser show in the World taking Best of Breed and 3rd Best in Show again something that can be scratched of the bucket list. Passion for the breed Winning at shows is nice but not the


Article

Bakervill’s Style

Brandoux Toezzz and Brandoux Calaix

most important thing. Enjoying your dogs like they are part of the family is far more important. The other goal is trying to improve what you have got, another important keystone, we think! Looking at the amount of litters we had we are very proud and thankful for the dogs we had and still have, maybe this is a result of; true dedication…

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The Love for the Dogue de Bordeaux

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Name Country Affix

Cristina Boulhosa São Paulo, Brazil Shamrock Draft Kennel

People say I’m crazy and I have to admit that I really am... but it’s all about loving my dogs. I fell in love with Ddb almost 22 years ago. I was looking for a puppy and after researching a lot I found one in the South of Brazil. My first baby’s name was Marselhe. When she came to my home it was a dream come true. Eight months later I imported my second female from Hungary. Her name was Tanakajd Szepe Kitty (AKA Fifi). She was my best friend and companion until the end of her life. My first litter was out of Marselhe, but I didn’t like her puppies quality so I retired her. Marselhe lived with me until the end and died in my arms at the age of 8. Fifi was the one who actually started my Ddb breeding. She was great and produced beautiful and strong puppies. Two of her babies, Lago and Mindy, won many times in the Brazilian

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Shamrock Draft Kennel

dog shows. Lago was the sire of the best Brazilian Ddb for four years in a row. Here in my country it was never easy to breed and sell puppies. When looking for a puppy most people concern is finding a good price first of all and unfortunately puppy’s quality comes in second or even last place. The more puppies I breed the more I want them to stay with me. My heart has room for all of them... So I can say that my conscience is clear, as I never sold puppies to someone who I felt would not take properly care of them. I always choose carefully my puppies

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owners and tried to be in touch with them during the dog’s life. One case was Lago that came back to me at the age of 7. His owner returned him because he was old. He lived 3 more years with me and passed away while sleeping at the age of 10. Another example is Mória. She was abused so I brought her back. She still lives with me. I feel this is my responsibility as a human being and as a breeder. Nowadays I am the oldest ddb breeder in Brazil. In the past 17 years I lost many dogs but all of them still have special room in my heart and memories.


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Shamrock Draft Kennel

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Shamrock Draft Kennel

Old World Ren

Through my dogs I made many good friends and partners here and in other countries. One of them is my dear friend Bruno Ettore, an experienced Italian breeder that always gives me advice about future breedings. He got me my first black mask ddb, that was another dream come true. Today I have thirteen dogs and I’m not sure if I will go on with breeding. The future of the ddb here is uncertain as many breeders are giving up too. I think that the ddb is and always will be part of my life. I love them all. I can´t imagine my life without this wonderful dogs! They are amazing and mean the world to me.

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Old World Rosina 2.5 years

Old World Perseus

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INTERVIEWED BY Ewa Larsson

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Name Elena Reznichenko Country Russia Email pilat-omsk@mail.ru

» Please introduce yourself and your kennel to our readers, and tell us why this particular breed.

AN INTERVIEW WITH A BREEDER

My name is Elena Reznichenko. I am currently living in the Russian city of Omsk, which is located in the southwestern Siberia. The Dogue De Bordeaux feels quite comfortable in this area. I have been a dog breeder for the past 11 years. I am planning on establishing my own kennel in the nearest future. Why this particular breed? Well, simply because it was definitely the “love from the first sight” for me!

» What made you want to be a dog breeder in the first place? I made a decision to become a dog breeder because I really love the animals with all my heart. My dream has always been to become a cynologist. It happened that my first dog was an Airedale Terrier, but after the first acquaintance with the Dogue De Bordeaux I have realised what kind of dogs I would like to breed in the future.

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An interview with a breeder

» How did you get introduced to this breed? Many Russian breeders got to know this particular one from the popular movie “Turner and Hooch”, and I was not an exception. I was absolutely amazed by that ginger giant dog! At that exact moment I have started my search for a puppy of this breed. It took me a couple of years to find the exactly one I wanted because there were not many of them at that time in Russia. But I was extremely lucky to find one in my hometown, Omsk, in the kennel Etual Gold in the year of 2005.

» Please tell us about your past and present dogs. My first Dogue De Bordeaux was Etual Gold Pilat. I have received two litters

of puppies from him. Unfortunately, the kennel Etual Gold has stopped its functioning shortly after that. I have made a decision to continue the breeding by myself in Omsk. In the year of 2008 I brought a young female King Diamond Penelopa Ann Miller from Novosibirsk. She gave birth to two excellent litters of puppies. Two of them currently live in France in a kennel called Fantasie De Kerma. In 2009 I brought two pedigree puppies from the city of Maykop. They had a really great ancestry records and pedigrees. Their names are Concento Anima Zhodel Fama Glamosa and Concento Anima Fendi Cornu Copie. Fendi is a son of a 2 times world champion Dorsdorf Hammer.

»

Thanks to them I have obtained highly

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An interview with a breeder

purebred puppies, who consequently have become the “basis” for the Omsk breeding. In 2010 I decided to keep one of Zhodel’s puppies for myself. It is a very fine looking male puppy, the son of Ch. Int. Ilver Van de Paterhoek. The name of my male is Gefestian Aves Rara. In 2013 I have taken a puppy from a Hungarian Kennel Dog’s-Land X-Clusive. His bloods are really exceptional and superfine for us and he is truly fascinating to breed. I am willing to thank a number of breeders since it is extremely important for me to own good and strong dogs.

» What improvements do you want to bring to the breed with your breeding programme? I had an aspiration to bring the breeding of Dogue De Bordeaux in Siberia to the next level: to make the dogs more low-set, stocky, in some sense, to make the body structure more bony and to improve the back knees of the

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dogs. I would like to proudly note that these changes have been achieved so far. To my view, the most significant part is to retain what you already have and to constantly make the improvements.

» How does Dogue De Bordeaux differ from other breed? It is fair to admit that Dogue De Bordeaux catches the attention. If anyone has ever got a chance to get to know these wonderful dogs closer, will know that the love for them will be ever-lasting. The only disadvantage of this breed I would like to point out is that their lives, unfortunately, don’t last for too long. It is a very tender, soft, gentle, calm and sociable giant. His fierce appearance very much contradicts with his inner essence, indeed.


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An interview with a breeder

» Do you see any difference in Dogue De Bordeaux of today compared to the Dogue De Bordeaux of 10 years ago? If so, what are the biggest differences you see?

An ideal dog is all about harmony and proportions. My perfect example of a Dogue De Bordeaux so far is Dorsdorf Hammer, to be honest. I am trying to achieve dogs looking exactly like him following my breeding programme.

The differences are evident, for sure. Before, the Dogue De Bordeaux appeared to be more athletic-looking, higher in height. Today, there is a tendency towards lower height, the dogs have become more massive and more deep skin folds can be seen on the face. However, according to the recent European dog exhibitions, the dogs described above are the ones to be in favour of the judges.

» What is the best example of the breed that you have bred until now?

» What in your opinion makes a perfect dog?

Dogue De Bordeaux is definitely is one of the most multipurpose dog breeds that existed until now. They can be the guards, companions, they really do have multi-faceted personalities, well combined in one single dog. Besides that, it is a quite large and a gorgeous dog. Each Dogue De Bordeaux has its individuality. It is a very wise, fearless and intelligent dog. It is not easy at all

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to raise and breed a Dogue De Bordeaux, but at the same time if to do everything correctly the result will be visible and really worth all the efforts put into the process.

» What advice would you give to those who are starting breeding? The first step is setting the goals and objectives ahead of the actual breeding. As an example, which type of Dogue De Bordeaux you prefer personally and how do you see your breeding in general. The next step is to find the breeder who has a puppy that you need. Always keep in touch with your breeder – he will be the one to assist with all the issues that might appear along the existing path of breeding.

» What are your efforts put into in order to build a great reputation (besides the dogs)? I try my best too stay in contact with all the owners who raise my puppies. I provide the constant assistance and give valuable advices. I keep track of

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their career and achievements and I am extremely happy when the owners send me photos from the exhibitions. The majority of my puppies currently reside faraway from Omsk. They live in various cities all around Russia as well as outside the country. I am constantly willing to know how are they being. I really do care about them even if they are far at the moment, it is important to me.

» How important is it for a breeder to have an online presence nowadays? Today it is absolutely essential to have an online presence in order to be a successful dog breeder. The Internet gives an opportunity to openly communicate with people living in all the corners of the world. If would not have an account on Facebook, it would be most likely that this interview would never come true. The Internet is a limitless and constant flow of information. It is vital to “be in the limelight”, to establish a two-way communication with the people who


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An interview with a breeder

express their interest in what you are doing. It also gives a great opportunity to tell everyone about your dogs, puppies and keep the news updated. My website is currently under the development but I am looking forward to get it working as soon as possible!

» Would you like to add something? I would like to express my deepest gratitude for the trust and would like to thank you for the interest in this wonderful and admirable breed! It was a real pleasure having participated in this interview and I wish all the best to those who create this unique magazine and to those who dedicate their lives to breeding the dogs – it is a real hard, but at the same time, worthwhile work, for sure.

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Name Paul & Tineke Oegema Country Netherlands info www.facebook.com/tineke.oegema

We are Paul and Tineke, both for many years addicted to the Dogue de Bordeaux. Along the way I will tell you how this all started. My husband has grown up with German Shepherds and I have a horse background. For 10 years we had a horse but I have to stop this because of physical conditions. Because we wanted to continue doing something competition based with animals, we visited some dog shows for some ideas and see what suits us. During this time my daughter came home with a Dogue de Bordeaux puppy asking if we wanted to do the basic training as she was busy with her work. This was our first encounter, we did the puppy training and we were “sold”.

The beginning …

Immediately, we fallen for this breed with its character. Not long after that we found a good breeder and ordered a puppy. Finally, after a long wait we could pick up our 8-week old puppy. Totally in love and even more enthusiastic we went back to the dog shows and met a lot of Dog de Bordeaux owners and had many conversations. We’ve entered our puppy a few times but soon found out that he had health problems, sadly we had to let him go before he turned 4 years old.

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Paul & Tineke Oegema

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Paul & Tineke Oegema

Modder goes in December for the last times in Junior Class to the Brussels Dog Show and the Winner Amsterdam, after that he will enter the intermediate class and is qualified fort he Crufts 2016 in Birmingham UK. Beside be our Champ, Modder is also just one of our pet dogs and is a very sweet and social dog. Recently we have extended our family with a half-brother of Modder, Adamantium de Force et de Confiance. He will start his show career at the Winner Amsterdam this year in the smallest baby class.

Broken and defeated … Mufasa had left a big impression on us and we missed him so much. Because of Mufasa we knew we wanted another Dogue de Bordeaux and this has ensured that we now have four Dogue de Bordeaux and regularly participate in (Int) competitions and shows. A good breeder, a lot of love and care for the dogs, which now produces great results. Our youth male Modder Force et de Confiance is a good example. Modder is our great champion, beside the fact he is OUR champion, the judges also believe that he is a promising dog, beautiful structure, coat, expression and as icing on the cake a wonderful movement! Modder is now 16 months old and is Dutch, German, Belgian and Luxembourg Junior Champion.

Of course it is not obvious, in addition to the many outdoor workout, show training (Gabrielle@showtraining.nl), all the things that need your attention will make this hobby very expensive. And remember that just like you and me, the food is of major importance. This is something we pay much attention to. In our study and search for the best nutrition we met our good friend Sjaak of www.dingok9.nl, someone just like us with a great passion for dogs. He knew a lot about what is good nutrition for the dog and he wanted to shared this with us. We have taken the choice to feed our dogs fresh meats and a balanced dry food. Our dogs love it and look very healthy, nice coat, teeth and a gradual growth of our dogs. We want to expand our passion with a kennel name, it is something we are thinking about for a long time. But we are still looking for the perfect matching name for us and our dogs. It has to be a suitable name that will tell all … our target, our drive, our motivation. For now we just love en enjoy our dogs and you will see us in the show ring.

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