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Orientation 2019





Table of Contents


Join The Dartmouth!


Changes to the Homecoming bonfire


Politics at Dartmouth


Dartmouth turns 250


Racial slur incidents


Sexual misconduct lawsuit


Student organizations face difficulties




Arts at Dartmouth


Opinion: Dartmouth and college admissions


The D Sports Awards 2018-19: Athletes of the Year



Dear Class of 2023,

Happy Orientation Week! We know this is an incredibly exciting and busy time for you, and we hope that you’ll take advantage of everything this week has to offer. In our Freshman Issue, which you received as you returned to campus from Trips, we gave you a broad overview of several aspects of Dartmouth life. In this Orientation Issue, we give you a “year in review” — a look at some of the most pivotal moments and stories that developed at the College in the 2018-19 academic year. We hope it will bring you up to speed on what’s been going on here as you begin to embark on your Dartmouth journey!

6175 ROBINSON HALL, HANOVER N.H. 03755 • (603) 646-2600

DEBORA HYEMIN HAN, Editor-in-Chief



Best, The Dartmouth Editorial Directorate

LILY JOHNSON, Dartbeat Editor DIVYA KOPALLE, Photo Editor

ANTHONY ROBLES, Managing Editor BUSINESS DIRECTORS JONNY FRIED & RAIDEN MEYER, Advertising Directors VINAY REDDY, Marketing & Communications Director HIMADRI NARASIMHAMURTHY & KAI SHERWIN, Product Development Directors ALBERT CHEN & ELEANOR NIEDERMAYER, Strategy Directors ERIC ZHANG, Technology Director



The offices of The Dartmouth are located on the second floor of Robinson Hall, affectionately known as “Robo.” With editors and reporters cycling in and out as well as business staff facilitating the day-to-day operations, the offices are always filled with activity. The Dartmouth holds the distinction of being America’s oldest college newspaper (founded in 1799) and prints daily. In addition to our dayto-day written content, we have a blog (Dartbeat) as well as a social media presence on Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat and Twitter. With nearly two million online page views every year, The Dartmouth serves an important role as the College’s independent newspaper. Most importantly, we are a teaching institution: Many of our current Directorate members had their first taste of journalism at The Dartmouth and have stuck with it since, gaining realworld skills in editing, communication and management. Keep an eye out for applications for both our editorial and business sections during Orientation. The newspaper and the Dartmouth community welcome you to Hanover — our doors are always open. EDITORIAL News The news section keeps up with the pulse of our community, informing campus and our broader audience with happenings from all corners of the College. When news happens at Dartmouth, the community looks to The D for the important details. In recent months, we’ve covered topics such as changing trends in admission to institutions of higher education, the impact of national policies on the lives of students on campus and the evolution of sexual assault and misconduct policies at the College. More investigative pieces, on topics from administrative growth to phenomena such as grade inflation in institutions of higher education, allow us to dig deeper into campus issues and incorporate innovative techniques such as data visualization in the process. Sports Covering both club and varsity sports, the sports section keeps the Dartmouth community up to date with Big Green athletics. In the past year, we’ve ramped up our sports analysis, showcasing hard-hitting investigations into coach departures as well as a number of regular columns by dedicated student journalists who also happen to be sports aficionados. Sports is found on the back of the paper every Thursday in addition to an eight-page Sports Weekly published every Monday. Arts The D’s arts and entertainment section highlights creative endeavors at the College, covering everything from performances and exhibitions at the Hopkins Center for the Arts to new

movie reviews. Arts also features profiles on the College’s own artistic talent, such as student playwrights, musicians and painters. Opinion and Cartoon Our opinion section gives staff columnists and community members a platform for lively debate about relevant campus and nationwide issues. Recent pieces have tackled the tenure process for faculty of color, free speech’s role in political correctness and College divestment from fossil carbon fuels. Opinion also encompasses our comic section, where student cartoonists can humorously critique campus and popular culture. (Check out the “Badly Drawn Girl” series by Mindy Kaling ’01 for a notable example.) The opinion section is also where The Dartmouth Editorial Board publishes its weekly in-house editorials, called the Verbum. The Editorial Board consists of opinion staff columnists, the opinion editors, the executive editor and the editor-in-chief Mirror The Mirror, our weekly magazine published every Wednesday, takes a critical look at campus culture through both long-form features and more lighthearted pieces. In addition to photo essays, regular senior columns and “Through the Looking Glass” reflection pieces, some of the Mirror’s recent work include examinations of taboos, dating culture and religion at Dartmouth. Multimedia Our Multimedia team is responsible for publishing The Dartmouth’s Snapchat each week. The writers and designers on the Snapchat team put out The Dartmouth’s weekly Snap story, featuring a mix of humor, campus commentary and news. In addition to the Snap, the multimedia section produces video projects and livestreams important campus events such as the Student Assembly debate during election season. Whether you’re an aspiring designer, an experienced video editor or a budding humor writer, the multimedia section has a place for you. Dartbeat Launched five years ago, Dartbeat is the paper’s irreverent, wildly outspoken younger sibling and online blog, which is now our fastest-growing section complete with its own website. In addition to commentary on campus quirks (see “The Definitive Ranking of 1902 Room Portraits” and “Types of People You See at Green Key Concerts”), dining hall innovations and the popular Overheards and Trending@Dartmouth weekly lists, Dartbeat has expanded into lifestyle quizzes, giving students a chance to ponder philosophical questions with a Dartmouth-specific twist (e.g. “Which Collis Stir Fry Sauce Are You?”). Photography and Design Editorial isn’t just about the written word. Our reporting would not be complete without the hard work of our

HATTIE NEWTON, Templating Editor JESS CAMPANILE, Multimedia Editor

photographers and graphic designers, whose visuals complement each story we publish. Our design staff works to create visually-appealing illustrations and infographics for all our sections, with highlights including Mirror cover art as well as graphics for the Editorial Board’s weekly Verbum. Data Visualization From conducting original surveys to visualizing data to complement our reporting, the data visualization team works with a variety of programs, including Qualtrics, R and Stata, to bring numbers to life. Engagement Engagement is the newest section of The Dartmouth, created this year to respond to the ever-evolving landscape of journalism and media. Our engagement team works to package and deliver our content on a variety of different online social media platforms, translating print stories for online viewership and working to consider how digital mediums can serve as platforms for storytelling. Templating and Layout The nature of The D’s daily print schedule lends special importance to our copy editing and layout teams. Members of our layout staff learn and use InDesign software (no prior experience necessary) to arrange stories and photos in a coherent and readable order. BUSINESS People are often surprised when they learn that The Dartmouth is a completely student-run organization and that we receive no funding from the College. In fact, The Dartmouth is the largest student-run business in Hanover,

offering students an unparalleled level of real-world experience. The business side of our staff works to ensure that the paper’s editorial content can reach its intended audience and remain an independent, unbiased source of information. Students with a wide range of interests can find a place in one of the various sections comprising the business staff. Advertising and Finance The advertising and finance section sells the ads that fill the paper’s pages and appear on the website. Students build long-term client relationships to create mutually beneficial advertising packages and plans. The team works closely together to develop forwardlooking strategies and promotions. Technology Our growing technology staff support the paper’s online presence. Tech staff at The D troubleshoot issues with our website and work on projects such as the creation of a mobile app to centralize our content and highlight exceptional work. Strategy The strategy staff works in teams to solve the paper’s most pressing problems. Where should we be distributing the paper each day? How should we redesign the website? How do we effectively recruit and retain talented staff given that all positions at The D are unpaid? The strategy team is a great place to work closely with peers to unpack the big-picture questions involved in managing and developing a business. Product Development The product development staff works on alternate revenue streams — from smaller-scale ventures like student

classifieds and apparel to more longterm projects. This team offers a mix of strategy, creativity and implementation that directly lends itself to the skills needed in careers like management consulting. Communications and Marketing The communications and marketing staff focuses on staff and alumni relations as well as social media. The social media team develops and implements social media strategy on all platforms, while the communications team works on alumni outreach, staff recruitment and internal development. This staff also plans our termly social, called D-Tails, and our annual Banquet and Changeover events. Both the business and editorial staff offer a wide range of learning opportunities to build valuable skills and to work alongside diligent and creative peers. Mentorship is an invaluable component of working at The D, and you can often find upperclassmen giving advice to underclassmen on classes, job interviews, campus social life and everything in between. With a great network on campus and beyond, The D is a great place to gain practical skills while building lasting relationships. Our alumni have gone on to win Pulitzer Prizes, write for publications such as The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal and hold positions at elite finance and consulting firms. Come say hello to our staff at our open house on Sept. 15 from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m., and be on the lookout for a blitz about hiring and applications. If you have questions about the Editorial staff, feel free to email our editor-inchief at If you have questions about the Business staff, please reach out to our publisher at




Changes to the Homecoming bonfire The Homecoming bonfire has traditionally been a central symbol of the College and a popular annual experience for members of the Dartmouth community. But in recent years, the town of Hanover has put increased pressure on the College to implement stricter safety protocols for the event, especially as several first-year students each year attempt to “touch” the fire. This past fall, the College introduced major changes to the bonfire, including alterations to its physical structure as well as the security surrounding it, and no students attempted to touch the fire.

Laps around Homecoming bonfire to be limited for safety reasons B y ABIGAIL MIHALY The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Oct. 9, 2018. Members of the Class of 2022 will have to find a new source of exercise during Homecoming this year. The College is “truly on probation,” according to associate professor of engineering Douglas Van Citters; bonfire and surrounding festivities have been redesigned to respond to safety concerns after the town of Hanover denied the College’s permit request in late May. Following changes, the permit was approved on Sept. 28. Town manager Julia Griffin said the town’s initial denial of the permit stemmed from its frustration over a mounting unsafe atmosphere as students tried to touch the fire, despite added College safety measures. “In recent years, [the Homecoming fire tradition] has gotten more incendiary — it seems more angry and has more of a potential for violence,” Griffin said, adding that the Hanover Police department was concerned “with the potential for riot.” This year’s approved permit specifies that students may not run around the fire. Van Citters, who serves as chair of the working group commissioned by the College to make recommendations regarding the fire’s new design, said students will instead come in and march

around the fire as a class, after which students can take pictures and enjoy the fire in a safer way. “We consider this an extraordinary success, that we’re able to have a bonfire at all,” he added. “If these innovations don’t remove the risk, that’s it,” Griffin said. “It just can’t continue like this.” According to Van Citters, the bonfire will stand 28 feet tall rather than 33 and will use the same amount of wood, but the top of the bonfire will have a different aspect ratio than in years past in order to increase the likelihood it will collapse inward in a worst-case scenario. The construction techniques will be the same. “Very few people are going to be able to actually recognize the difference aesthetically,” Van Citters said. There will still be steel event fencing, as per request of the town and recommendation of the fire chief, who decides the size of the safe-zone. First year students will still be able to access the inner viewing area next to the fire, he said. The fire engines, the Hanover Police Department and Green Mountain Safety will work in conjunction with Dartmouth’s Safety and Security, according to interim director of Dartmouth Safety and Security Keysi Montás. The newly designed event will include a large tent on the Green with a band and food, as well as speeches, which were previously delivered on the steps of Dartmouth Hall, according to Van

Citters. He explained that the committee that was charged with the redesign began their work by taking a critical look at the fundamental culture of the weekend. They worked to maintain the important aspects, while “reign[ing] in a little bit of the unsafe behavior that’s crept into [the Homecoming tradition].” Van Citters said the core culture of the event was one of celebration and community, and that the new design will emphasize these values. “What I think most of the attendees will see, is an event that is even more community oriented,” he said. Reshma Rajasingh ’22, however, is disappointed she won’t be able to partake in the tradition of running around the fire. “A big part of coming to Dartmouth is how heavily traditions are valued here, so it sucks being the first class not being able to be part of [the tradition],” she said. Maddy Omrod ’19 said running around the fire was one of the first moments she felt she belonged here. “[Freshman fall is a] really hard term, and for me, running around that fire and looking at all my classmates was the one moment where I was like holy sh— I’m at Dartmouth. I’m actually here, and I actually want to be here, and I’m part of something bigger than myself,” she said. “I really want the ’22s to get that, and it makes me sad that they won’t.” Griffin noted that she didn’t want the town to be “party to something that’s

risky,” adding that “we’d much rather be criticized for being nervous Nellies than be criticized for someone getting killed.” Griffin said Fire Chief Marty McMillen has expressed concern for years regarding the fire’s tendency to collapse outward. Each log weighs 70 to 80 pounds and would be deadly if it were to fall on anyone from any height, even if it were not on fire. Hanover Police Chief Charlie Dennis noted that students who run inside the collapse zone in order to attempt to touch the fire put themselves and safety officers in danger. Dennis said that both he and the fire chief, both of whom arrived in 2014, have had concerns about the bonfire since their arrival. “It doesn’t make reasonable sense in a lot of ways, if you ask most people,” he said. Dennis added that he had an outside perspective coming to Hanover and recognized the danger with “outside eyes that haven’t been here for years and years.” Leah Ryu ’22 said some members of her class are talking about protesting the change by refusing to show up to the event. “People are really mad about it,” Ryu said, adding that her upperclassmen friends have told her to run around and touch the fire. Some have even offered to pay her bail. Griffin noted she was frustrated by negative interactions between Hanover Police and students, and expressed that

the negative homecoming traditions put firefighters and police in as much danger as students. Montás said that people have been hurt, and some have even been taken to a burn unit in Boston in previous years. “It is a raging fire. It is extremely hot,” he said. Dennis added that the “hazing, or the pressure put on first-year students to go in and [touch the fire] by upperclassman,” adds to the danger of the situation. Rajasingh said she believes members of her class will still attempt to run around and touch the fire. “People have done everything they’ve been told not to do,” she said, noting that people in past years have touched the fire despite facing fines and suspension. Montás said that in past years, those that have touched the fire have faced suspension up to one year. “I think the College has done a good job of trying to put some parameters in place to make it a safer event, reduce some of those risky behaviors that are maybe causing some of those issues, and kind of redefine that focus in creating an environment that will be safe for all to enjoy,” Dennis said. Griffin echoed this sentiment, saying she was “impressed” by the amount of work done by the committee. “Hats off to the College and a committee that worked hard all summer, and fingers crossed that it goes much more smoothly from a safety standpoint,” she said.

A history of the Homecoming bonfire B y JENNIE RHODES The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Oct. 26, 2018. “Lest the Old Traditions Fail” — the famous line from the Dartmouth Alma Mater, “Dear Old Dartmouth” — has been thrown around often in the last few weeks as the future of the Homecoming bonfire tradition lies at stake. In an email sent to campus by the President’s Intern on Oct. 16, the administration made clear that “if [they] do not implement the town’s changes successfully and resolve their concerns about student behavior, this will be the last bonfire.” While it seems that the bonfire custom as we know it is in danger of ending, change is nothing new to this tradition. The first bonfire was a celebration of an 1888 victorious baseball game, and was attended by all four classes. During this time, the baseball program had a “monopoly of attention” over the football program, according to an October 1888 article published by The Dartmouth. The baseball team had extended its season to begin in the middle of the fall term, causing it to overlap with the football season. The Dartmouth reported in that article, “We know the game of baseball fairly well and can hold our own with most colleges in that. But in football we are scarcely acquainted with the rudiments.” These bonfires continued for baseball game victories until 1895, when College president William Jewett Tucker officially recognized “Dartmouth Night” as an annual ceremony. On September 17, 1895, the first official Dartmouth Night bonfire was lit, and the modern bonfire tradition began to take shape. As the bonfire was ignited, the College faculty and president addressed students and alumni with speeches. When former College president Tucker gave his opening speech, he described the event as intending to “promote class spirit and … initiate freshmen into the community.” The bonfire tradition continued to develop as William Heneage Legge, the Sixth Earl of Dartmouth, visited the College in the early 1900s. Students marched around the Green with the bonfire at the center, hoping to make a lasting impression on the Earl. It was not until 1923 after the dedication of Memorial Field that the football program became associated with the bonfire tradition. Former College president Ernest Hopkins and student athletes gave speeches at the stadium, and the class proceeded to the Green. During his speech, Hopkins reiterated that the event was designed to “perpetuate the Dartmouth spirit, and capitalize on the history of the College. Let us set a watch lest the old traditions fail.” Beginning in the early 1950s, the

College scheduled the Dartmouth Night bonfire and the Homecoming football game to occur on the same weekend. Dartmouth Night was then officially dubbed “Homecoming” in 1961. While recent years have seen new safety and security concerns surrounding the bonfire, Homecoming has had a history of issues. The 1950 Homecoming fire was ignited by a student 24 hours before the event was intended to begin. By the time the fire was put out that night, the structure was merely debris. In response, 200 Dartmouth students rebuilt the hexagonal structure with wooden railroad ties, working until early morning the next day. The rallying of the student body to reconstruct the bonfire moved the College to allow students help build the structure after that year. While the tradition had been to erect a structure the same number of tiers as the freshman class’s graduating year, the Dartmouth class of 1979 decided to build a 100-tier structure. The resulting bonfire was so hot that it drove students and alumni alike off the Green. The College consequently imposed a new height limit and a redesign of the structure for future years. In 1988, the College decided to limit the height of the structure to 60 feet and transition to using eco-friendly wood. The creosote-soaked railroad ties were replaced with environmentally friendlier newly cut timber. Yet when the structure was lit on Homecoming night, it did not burn. The Dartmouth reported the next morning that the structure was still standing completely sound. An opinion article from The Dartmouth said, “The fact that the bonfire was as some have said, ‘the lamest ever’ has nothing to do with the freshman class. We can’t blame the weak fire on the idea that ‘cellos don’t burn’. The ’92s did not make the decision to use green wood.” The bonfire’s three-tiered geometric structure did not change between 1995 and 2015, according to Douglas Van Citters ’99, the engineering professor who led the team redesigning this year’s bonfire. However, following the 1999 incident at Texas A&M University where 12 students were killed and 27 students were injured by a collapsed bonfire, the College limited the number of students allowed to assist with the construction. According to Van Citters, the biggest change to the bonfire that occurred between 1995 and 2015, was the “freshmen sweep” before the event. “The parade happened by residence hall, not by house community,” he said. “It was much longer, since it snaked all around campus and main street. The whole event was much less controlled back then than it is now. It was honestly pretty rowdy.” Vice president of alumni relations Cheryl Bascomb ’82 said the biggest change she has seen in the last decade has been the increased access to the

bonfire for alumni through pictures or livestreams. “Through technology, alumni who can’t physically get back [to Hanover] can still experience [the Bonfire],” she said. One of the newest changes over the past few decades has been the student-initiated tradition of freshmen attempting to touch the bonfire. Since the ’90s, the College has seen an increase in the number of students trying to touch the fire and avoid the title of “worst class ever” by the upperclassmen. During the 2016 Homecoming bonfire, the volume of students charging the fire was so great that a portion of the fire was extinguished early. During last year’s Homecoming, the College erected a fence to prevent students from running toward the fire. In spite of the barrier, there were seven attempts to jump the fence and touch the fire. This year’s bonfire will see two major changes. The first is the redesigned bonfire structure. “Hanover’s concern was the fire was falling sideways, which I verified did fall slightly sideways in some years,” Van Citters explained. “The town said that cannot happen again.” The town was concerned that when the bonfire falls sideways, it can potentially fall on either the Safety and Security officers or the students, according to Van Citters. In response, he and a team of engineers and students redesigned the 2018 bonfire to be slightly wider, a few feet shorter, and have a different center of mass to fall inwards instead of sideways. The structure is made with the same amount of wood as in the last 20 years, Citters said. The second change is the implementation of a fence at the end of the ring of the bonfire preventing students from running more than one lap. “Running around leads to situations where there may be mob mentality or the inability to track students trying to run into the fire and touch the fire,” he said. After running one lap, the freshmen will be funneled in front of Dartmouth Hall to take a class photo and watch the fire burn. “Every tradition has been maintained with the exception of running around the fire, which was the town’s mandate,” Van Citters said, “There will be alumni and athlete speeches, the pep rally aspect, the true tradition of marching around fire is even maintained. We fought hard for that. We still wanted that to be part of [the Homecoming tradition].” While many aspects of the Homecoming tradition will be maintained, the Dartmouth administration had made clear that any attempts to touch the fire this year will end the bonfire tradition for future classes. SEE BONFIRE HISTORY PAGE 14


The Dartmouth Night bonfire has a long history as part of the College’s culture.

No attempts to touch Homecoming bonfire B y ANDREW CULVER The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Nov. 2, 2018. Hanover experienced a calmer Homecoming weekend than usual. This year’s Homecoming weekend saw only one arrest and fewer Good Sam calls than previous years. Following the town of Hanover’s concerns about bonfire safety, new security measures were put in place this year, including building a shorter fire, placing multiple fences around it and restricting members of the Class of 2022 to only walking one lap around the fire. “I think [the fire] was almost picture perfect,” said Keysi Montás, interim director of the Department of Safety and Security. Similarly, Hanover town manager Julia Griffin said the event was “perfect” with no students attempting to touch the fire. Hanover police chief Charlie Dennis echoed Griffin and Montás, saying that he thought this year’s bonfire “went very well.” “Many of the changes were made with a focus on having a safer evening,” Board of Trustees secretary Laura Hercod said. “We were encouraged to do that by the town and the town felt the evening was a success, too.” Montás said he was pleased with the level of maturity shown by the students. “I am very happy our bonfire is

living to see another year,” he added. Engineering professor Douglas Van Citters ’99 Th’03’06, who was chair of the working group that made the changes to the bonfire this year, wrote in an email that he was glad everyone involved “demonstrated that we can come together as a community and work with the town to put on a safe and meaningful evening.” Van Citters also wrote that the new fire collapsed perfectly in on itself, “exactly as designed.” Good Sam calls also decreased from previous years, according to Montás. “Good Sams are good, but if people are not calling in Good Sams because they are not intoxicated, that is even better,” he said. Similarly, Dennis said that calls to the Hanover Police Department decreased relative to previous years. Hanover police received one phone call early Saturday morning about an intoxicated person, but that was the only arrest of Homecoming weekend. “The safety measures the College put in place to help curb some of the behavior that wasn’t acceptable worked well,” Dennis said. “I think it went very well from a public safety perspective.” Montás said that while representatives from the College have not yet done a full debrief of the weekend, he does not anticipate any major changes being required for next year’s bonfire. Griffin noted that the bonfire will be SEE BONFIRE SAFETY PAGE 14




Politics at Dartmouth Given its location in an important swing state, Dartmouth has always been a politically-engaged campus. In 2018, Dartmouth played host to a gubernatorial debate, and two students filed suit with the ACLU against a recentlypassed state law that would limit the ability of college students from out of state to vote in New Hampshire. With the Democratic presidential nomination season in full swing for the past several months, Dartmouth has already seen over a dozen presidential candidates visit campus for campaign events.

Gubernatorial debate at Students challenge state voting law Alumni Hall B y ANDREW CULVER The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Feb. 26, 2019.


Two Democratic candidates for governor debated at Alumni Hall.

B y ALEX FREDMAN The Dartmouth Senior Staff

This article was originally published on Aug. 15, 2018. Two Democratic hopefuls seeking to challenge New Hampshire’s Republican governor Chris Sununu in the 2018 election spoke at a forum on Monday in Alumni Hall to discuss policy proposals before a crowd of about 300 Dartmouth students, faculty and community members. Theforum,hostedbytheRockefeller Center for Public Policy, featured former state senator Molly Kelly and former Portsmouth mayor Steve Marchand, the two leading candidates for the New Hampshire Democratic gubernatorial nomination. Public policy professor Charles Wheelan ’88 served as the moderator for the event. The two candidates largely found common ground on topics including gun control, the opioid epidemic and education, but differed drastically in style and rhetoric. Kelly, emphasizing her record in the stateSenateandherendorsementsfrom Planned Parenthood, labor unions and New Hampshire’s two U.S. senators, criticized Sununu and President Donald Trump’s administration while urging compromise and pragmatic politics as a means of obtaining progressive policy changes. “We want a New Hampshire that works for everyone, where everyone has a chance to succeed, not just a few,” Kelly said. Marchand, while agreeing with Kelly on many of the issues, took a more aggressive tone — scorning compromise with Republicans and urging Democrats to change the political culture in the state — and drew more applause by calling on Democrats to appeal to their base rather than reach out to moderate and conservative voters. “The way to get progressive policies … is not by persuading Chris Sununu and Donald Trump; it will be by replacing Chris Sununu and Donald Trump,” Marchand said. Marchand notably distinguished himself by stating his opposition to “the Pledge,” a promise typically made by Democratic and Republican gubernatorial candidates in New Hampshire to not support a broadbased income or sales tax for the state, which currently has neither. Marchand called New Hampshire’s system of government “antiquated” and advocated for changing the state’s political culture so the government is not as reliant on higher property taxes for revenue. Kelly, however, said that she opposes a sales or income tax and is “proud” of New Hampshire’s political culture. The two candidates found common ground on the need for additional gun control legislation. Kelly said that she worries every day about the safety of her seven grandchildren at school and supports universal background checks. Marchand, who said that a recent suicide attempt by a person close to him increased his passion about the issue, called for a 48-hour waiting period for gun purchases and for Democrats to stop trying to stake out a moderate path on gun control. “It is not enough for us to say, ‘common sense gun reform’ in the hopes that a few people in the middle will come our way,” Marchand said. On the issue of the environment and energy policy, the candidates both supported policies to combat climate change but clashed over the issue of campaign contributions from the fossil fuel industry. Marchand proposed raising the gas tax and claimed that he is the only candidate in the election to have never taken money from

Eversource, New Hampshire’s largest energy provider. Kelly responded by claiming that she has not received any contributions from the fossil fuel industry in the current election cycle and has not been influenced by donations in the past, pointing to her sponsorship of a net metering bill in the state Senate, which supported solar and hydroelectric power sources. In an interview after the event, Wheelan said that he was surprised by how many questions from the audience focused on energy and the environment, including local issues such as Northern Pass, a proposed transmission line that would bring electric power from Canada to New England. “One clear takeaway is that among Democratic voters, energy, climate change and related issues — including those specific projects — are very important,” Wheelan said. Wheelan anticipates that Marchand’s refusal to take The Pledge will be a “defining issue” in the primary, especially considering how that decision may affect his chances in the general election. He also commented on how the two candidates’ different types of experience — Kelly’s background as a state legislator and Marchand’s as a mayor — gave them distinct viewpoints on some of the policy topics. President of the Dartmouth College Democrats Jennifer West ’20 said she believes both candidates are wellpositioned to take on Sununu in the general election, but also commented on the stylistic difference between the two. “I think each candidate brought their own background and perspective to the issues in ways that manifested differently on the stage,” West said. “And it was interesting to see how that reflected in their answers.” Vicki Abbott, a Marchand supporter, said after the event that she believes Marchand is the stronger candidate and more likely to win over independent voters. “He has real plans,” Abbott said. “You can talk about generalities and you can boast about your past record, but unless you have a plan about what you will do in the future, you’re not going to win people over.” Sharon Nordgren, a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives representing Hanover, said she thinks Kelly’s experience and pragmatic vision will be more appealing to voters. “She has to be realistic, and I think that’s what she is,” Nordgren said. “Plans sounds great, but if they aren’t going — like raising the gas tax, sorry, that’s not going to happen. You have to be a little more practical.” The winner of the primary, which is scheduled for Sept. 11, will likely face an uphill battle against Sununu, who currently enjoys relatively high approval ratings and name recognition following his first term in office. A recent Saint Anselm College poll found that Sununu has a 65 percent approval rating in the state, and other polling of hypothetical general election matchups show Sununu with a large lead against both Marchand and Kelly. In New Hampshire, the governor serves a two-year term, and only one governor in the last 90 years has ever lost his or her first reelection. The Cook Political Report, a leading nonpartisan election handicapper, rates the 2018 election as “Likely Republican.” This debate, however, occurred on friendly territory for the Democratic candidates: Hanover gave Sununu’s opponent in the 2016 election, Colin Van Ostern, his largest margin — 77 percent to 21 percent — of any town in the state. Peter Charalambous contributed reporting.

Two Dartmouth students are challenging a New Hampshire state law in court that they argue restricts the rights of out-of-state college students to vote. Despite the excitement of 2020 presidential candidates coming to campus, Dartmouth students who were not previously registered to vote in N.H. may find themselves unable to vote in the upcoming primary due to HB 1264, a new law slated to go into effect in July 2019. The law will change the definition of a New Hampshire resident, requiring out-of-state students, among others, to obtain state drivers licenses or in-state car registrations in order to vote. The lawsuit has been filed by the American Civil Liberties Union on behalf of two Dartmouth students, Caroline Casey ’21 and Maggie Flaherty ’21, and names the New Hampshire Secretary of State Bill Gardner, whose agency is in charge of administering elections, and New Hampshire Attorney General Gordon MacDonald as defendants. Both plaintiffs were eligible to vote in New Hampshire in 2018 but would now be required to update their drivers licenses in order to participate in the 2020 elections at a Hanover polling place. “I always knew growing up that I would have the right to vote in the state where I went to college,” Flaherty said. Concerned how HB 1264 would infringe upon this right, Flaherty said she began talking to lawyers from the

ACLU in the fall. The ACLU opposed HB 1264 while the bill was moving through the legislature and now is continuing that fight in court, according to Henry Klementowicz, an ACLU lawyer arguing the case. Klementowicz said that voting rights are a major priority for ACLU New Hampshire. The complaint challenges HB 1264 on three different constitutional arguments. First, the complaint states that the law violates the First and 14th Amendments of the U.S. Constitution in that it imposes a severe burden on the right to vote while not advancing a compelling state interest, according to the complaint. Second, the law is being challenged on the grounds that it violates the 26th Amendment, which lowered the voting age to 18, in that the law has the “purpose and effect” of restricting the right to vote to New Hampshire voters on account of their age. Finally, the complaint argues that the law violates the 24th Amendment, which prohibits imposing poll taxes on the basis that the fees required to obtain an in-state drivers license constitute a poll tax. “College students have a statutory right to vote in New Hampshire, and where people choose to register to vote is a personal choice,” Klementowicz said. “That shouldn’t be subject to the payment of large fees to the [Department of Motor Vehicles].” Flaherty emphasized the importance of college students’ right to participate in local elections. “New Hampshire politics effect our health care, the environment and the air we breathe, and so I feel it’s really important to vote where we live,” she said.

HB 1264 will not be the first time Republican New Hampshire legislators have brought up legislation surrounding voting registration requirements for temporary state residents such as college students. “New Hampshire has a history of changes to voting laws that can make it more difficult or more expensive to vote, especially for college students,” Klementowicz said. In the early 1970s, New Hampshire passed a law prohibiting individuals from voting in a town that they had a “firm intention” of leaving in the near future, according to the ACLU website. The case against HB 1264 is a “continuation” of the ACLU’s work ensuring that the constitutional right to vote is protected, Klementowicz said, in reference to the ACLU’s successful challenge of a 2012 law which the ACLU argued falsely suggested that voters would be obligated to apply for a New Hampshire drivers license in order to vote in the state. “We have received the complaint filed and are reviewing it,” senior assistant attorney general Anthony Galdieri wrote in an email statement. “It is the Attorney General’s duty to vigorously defend the laws of our state and our office will do so in this case.” Galdieri is also the chief of civil litigation on behalf of the attorney general’s office and the secretary of state. Due to its status as pending litigation, the attorney general declined to comment further on the lawsuit. Flaherty said that Dartmouth students should care about the case because they have the right to vote where they go to school — and HB 1264 threatens that right — and that they should want to vote in New Hampshire.

Elizabeth Warren campaigns at College


Warren denounced “corruption” in government and the economy during her event at the Hanover Inn.


This article was originally published on April 14, 2019. Massachusetts senator and Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren drew a crowd of over four hundred students and local residents for a campaign event at the Hanover Inn on Saturday. In a speech and subsequent question-and-answer session, Warren denounced what she called “corruption” in the economy and Washington, D.C. The visit to Hanover comes as Warren battles to break out of a historically large field of eighteen major Democratic candidates looking to take on President Donald Trump in 2020. Recent public polling shows that Warren’s support in New Hampshire, currently in the high single digits, puts her in fourth place in the crucial firstin-the-nation primary. A recent Saint Anselm College poll of New Hampshire voters found that Warren trails former vice president Joe Biden — who has not officially declared a presidential bid — by over a dozen points and lags behind Vermont senator Bernie Sanders, while earning similar levels of support as South Bend, Indiana mayor Pete Buttigieg and California senator Kamala Harris. To begin the event, Warren gave a synopsis of her life story, emphasizing her Oklahoman roots as the fourth child of parents who held low-wage jobs. She said that when her family was on the verge of bankruptcy, her mother found a minimum wage job that kept their family afloat. The senator asserted that, in contrast to her upbringing, “today, a full-time minimum wage job in America will not keep a momma and a baby out of poverty.”

“That is wrong and that is why I’m in this fight,” Warren said. “Why is it that people who work every bit as hard as my mother worked a generation ago now find the path rockier and steeper?” For people of color, she added, that path is even more difficult. Warren’s speech included a variety of attacks on individuals and organizations that she said perpetuated a system in which “the government works great for those with money and connections, not great for everyone else.” “That’s corruption,” Warren said, assailing Wall Street, the Koch brothers, oil and pharmaceutical corporations, major tech monopolies and lobbyists. The senator framed most major agenda items — climate change, economic inequality, student loans, healthcare — through the idea that “corruption” is at the core of the United States’ problems. She simplified her platform to three prongs: attacking corruption “head-on,” addressing economic inequality and significantly changing the American political system. Warren said she plans to “attack corruption” by putting an end to lobbying, blocking “the revolving door between Washington and Wall Street,” enforcing a more stringent code of ethics on the Supreme Court and requiring the tax returns of all elected officials. On economic inequality, the senator pledged to give more power to unions and their members and enact a “wealth tax” to be levied on household assets over $50 million. The new revenue would be used to fund universal childcare and reduce student loan debt with “two trillion left over,” according to Warren. She added that the leftover revenue could be spent on other agenda items, including a “down

payment” on a Green New Deal, referencing the divisive proposal put forth by Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) and Senator Ed Markey (D-MA). Throughout her speech, the senator emphasized her belief that the cost of childcare “sidelines” many parents, and subsidizing “pre-K and prepre-K” would strengthen the middle class by allowing parents to ascend professionally. Warren closed out the policy portion of her speech by outlining the “political change” she hopes to enact as president. According to Warren, this would include protecting the constitutional right to vote, repealing voter suppression laws and overturning the controversial Citizens United v. FEC Supreme Court decision. References to President Trump were absent from Warren’s speech. Instead, she spoke of systematic problems in the government and economy that obstruct “every change that would help [young people].” Even her call for all individuals running for federal office to release their tax returns online — an indirect jab at the President, who has consistently refused to do so — was contained within her promotion of her own anti-corruption legislation. Immigration policy, currently a highly contentious issue in the federal government, was also absent from Warren’s speech. Though Warren must first win the Democratic party’s nomination, for some attendees, the general election was at the forefront of their minds. New Hampshire state senator Martha Hennessey (D-Hanover), who spoke before Warren, said that “everyone in this room is now required to vote in the next election” and that it was crucial SEE WARREN PAGE 5



Harris lauds student activism at Dartmouth B y ANDREW CULVER AND MARY WINTERS The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on April 25, 2019. 2020 Democratic presidential candidate and California senator Kamala Harris spoke to a standingroom-only crowd of around 400 Dartmouth students and Upper Valley residents Tuesday afternoon in Alumni Hall. Speaking on topics ranging from healthcare to racism to President Donald Trump’s foreign policy, Harris spoke about her policies and campaign for about 30 minutes before taking two questions from the audience. The most recent polling for the New Hampshire primary — conducted by the University of New Hampshire — showed Harris with four percent support in the state. She trails Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT), former vice president Joe Biden (D), South Bend, Indiana mayor Pete Buttigieg (D) and Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), who are polling at 30, 18, 15 and five percent respectively. Prior to speaking in Alumni Hall, Harris addressed the overflow of people outside of the Hopkins Center for the Arts who were unable to make it into the event due to occupancy constraints. Once on stage, Harris opened her remarks by commenting on the power of student activism. “In the history of our country, some of the most significant advances we have made in our movement towards social justice and equality have been prompted and fueled by the students of America,” she said. Harris then assured the audience that she fully intends to prevail in next year’s presidential election. Harris’ talk focused on the importance of truth in our politics and the importance of always “speaking truth,” even if it may not be easy. “If Charlottesville didn’t make it clear — if the Tree of Life synagogue didn’t make it clear — racism, antiSemitism, sexism, homophobia and transphobia are real in this country and we must speak these truths,” she said, referencing the sites of a 2017 white supremacist rally and a 2018 mass shooting in Pittsburgh, PA. Harris then spoke to the importance of supporting America’s teachers and schools. “One of the greatest expressions of love a society can extend to its children is to invest in their education, and that means investing in their teachers,” she said. Harris also pledged that within her first 100 days as president, she would institute universal background checks, require the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives to remove the licenses of any gun seller who violates the law and place fugitives back on the list of

people unable to buy guns. She promised to use executive power to achieve these goals if Congress refused to act. “It’s not like we are sitting around waiting for good ideas,” Harris said. “Those ideas have been had. It’s about people not having the courage to act.” Harris also spoke on issues facing the country including access to healthcare, climate change, criminal justice reform, economic opportunity, hate and discrimination and President Trump’s willingness to trust foreign dictators over American intelligence agencies. Harris closed with an appeal to the resilience of the American people. “One of our greatest strengths of who we are as a nation is that by our very nature we are aspirational,” she said. Harris added that while the United States is a country founded on “noble ideals,” the country has much work to do to fully achieve these principles. “Let this be a fight that we know is born out of love for country and knowing that we are better than this,” she said. Harris added that moving toward 2020, “the vast majority of us have so much more in common than what separates us. Let’s speak that truth and know it to be true.” After her remarks, Harris took two student questions from the audience, the first of which focused on her plan to tackle student debt for college graduates. “We’ve got to have real leadership at the top, and that’s why I’m running for president,” she said in response to the second question, which focused on the importance of bipartisanship. Daniella Omeruo ’21, who attended the event, said she appreciated Harris’ “direct and tough rhetoric” on challenging and often uncomfortable issues. “I think we are not really going to get far unless we speak directly and take [these issues] on,” she said. Marina Cepeda ’21 said she was impressed by Harris’ specificity. “I didn’t expect her to be so vocal about issues that were very personal to under-represented communities,” she said. The event saw a strong turnout from Upper Valley residents, who comprised a large percentage of the town hall audience. “She was a dynamic prosecutor,” local resident Renee Snow said. “She speaks well. I think she articulates well what all of the generations are looking for, not just the under-30 generation.” Dartmouth College Democrats president Gigi Gunderson ’21 said that Harris has a “really robust team of students who are working on campus,” and that her campaign is showing signs of strong enthusiasm among students. “It’s just fantastic to see the energy of everyone willing to skip their 2A to come out and hear [Harris] speak,” Gunderson said.

Joe Biden holds health care town hall


Biden spoke to a crowd of around 400 community members and students on a wide range of subjects.

B y THE DARTMOUTH SENIOR STAFF This article was originally published on Aug. 23, 2019. Former vice president and 2020 Democratic presidential front-runner Joe Biden campaigned at Dartmouth on Friday, promoting his health care plan and distinguishing his positions on the issue from those of President Donald Trump and some of his opponents in the Democratic primary. Biden spoke to a crowd of about 400 students and community members and then engaged in a question and answer session with the audience in a town hallstyle event. In his speech, Biden defended the Affordable Care Act and criticized efforts by the Trump administration to repeal the law. But he also referenced other Democratic presidential candidates who have advocated for undoing the law, also known as Obamacare, in favor of more ambitious plans such as “Medicare for All” — which Biden described as being too expensive and impractical. Biden said health care is a personal issue for him, recalling losing his wife and daughter in a car accident which injured his two sons in 1972 and his son Beau dying of brain cancer in 2015. He spent the majority of his prepared remarks promoting his policies, the centerpiece of which involves allowing individuals to purchase a government-offered health care plan. “Building on Obamacare with a public option is the way to go,” Biden said. Biden said in a later part of his talk that he would want to see the Department of Health and Human Services enlist non-governmental experts to price drugs


in such a way that companies can make a “respectable profit” but also can’t “rip off” the American people. He added that the prices should be based on efficacy and the cost to produce the drug, but not exceed the price of health care inflation. Biden also got in a few digs at Trump during his speech, saying the president is “diminishing our standing in the world” and that he is “concerned about the state of the nation.” In a subsequent question and answer session, which lasted roughly an hour, Biden fielded questions on a range of issues from mental health and drug prices to climate change, taking several minutes for his answers to most of the questions. One woman, describing climate change as a health issue, told Biden that she believed his plan to address climate change did not go far enough. Some members of the audience joined in with snaps as she asked him whether he would change his environmental policy to include “radical decarbonization.” Biden responded by saying that no candidate has proposed policies that can end carbon emissions within the next 10 years, and instead pointed to his plans to invest in offshore wind capacities and carbon sequestration. He also emphasized his history on the issue, including working on the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. After fielding a question about mental health, Biden spent several minutes talking about the issue, often getting emotional in describing service members dealing with post-traumatic stress disorder and children in school worrying about school shootings. Toward the end of the event, Biden drew parallels between today’s political climate and that of the 1960s. He recalled two of his political heroes — Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert Kennedy — both being assassinated during his senior

year of college, and asked rhetorically what would have happened in the United States if former President Barack Obama had been assassinated while he was the Democratic nominee in 2008. Steven Atkins, an Upper Valley resident who asked Biden the question aboutmentalhealth,toldTheDartmouth after the event that he was disappointed Biden didn’t specifically answer his question, but said he was “pleasantly surprised” with his performance overall. “I was impressed with his zeal,” Atkins said. “It’s nice to hear some positive energy, lifting us back up again instead of tearing us apart and putting us down.” Emily Stehr ’21, who spoke with Biden with other students after the event, said that although she supports Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), she was impressed by Biden’s education plan, particularly its provisions on preschool and increasing teacher pay. “I don’t think he’s jumped to the top of my list,” Stehr said. “But definitely very cool, and I hope that a lot of his policies are incorporated into [the platform of] whoever runs.” Biden’s trip to the Granite State comes as the former vice president continues to hold a lead in the Democratic nomination contest in national polling, though recent polls in New Hampshire show a potentially tight race for the firstin-the-nation primary between Biden, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and Warren — both from neighboring states. One of several candidates who have come to campus in recent months, Biden’s visit will be followed by an event held by South Bend, IN mayor Pete Buttigieg tomorrow evening at the Hanover Inn. Biden’s first visit as a presidential candidate comes at a relatively quiet time on campus, just weeks before the beginning of fall term.

Warren criticizes inequality in U.S. FROM WARREN PAGE 4

Harris pledged to require universal background checks if elected president.


that everyone in the room “support whoever it is the Democratic nominee is.” “We all know how important that is going to be in this election,” Hennessey said. “We have learned our lesson, I hope.” Michael Gem, a New Hampshire native who lives in Los Angeles and is an undecided voter, echoed Hennessey’s general sentiments, saying that he would vote for anybody who can beat President Trump in 2020. On Warren, he said that while he is a “big fan of her message,” he is “not sure if she can win.” Jai Smith ’22, who attended the event, praised Warren’s grasp of

policy details, saying that she answered questions “very directly, and with concrete things that she can do.” He added that Warren has been his favorite of the candidates he has seen so far. Kylie Romeros ’22 said that she appreciated Warren’s emphasis on childcare. “That’s a really important thing that I hadn’t heard her talk about as much before the event,” Romeros said. West Lebanon resident Maria Melendy expressed her admiration for the way Warren presented her arguments. “Off the cuff, she has a memory like a steel trap,” Melendy said. “Her history — she knows what she wants to say, she doesn’t have to look at notes. What she wants to do, what she has

done and what she’s struggled through — it’s all very impressive. She gets it.” With the New Hampshire primary less than a year away, 2020 Democratic candidates are beginning to come in force to Dartmouth. Washington governor Jay Inslee and New York senator Kirsten Gillibrand ’88 recently visited campus, and Harris will be hosting a town hall event in Alumni Hall on April 23. Their visits are occurring on friendly territory — in recent elections, Hanover has proven to be a reliably Democratic town in a purple state. In the 2016 presidential election, Hillary Clinton received 84.9 percent of the vote in Hanover — her largest percentage of any town in New Hampshire.




Dartmouth turns 250 In 1769, the royal governor of New Hampshire, John Wentworth, granted a charter in the name of King George III to Dartmouth College. Two-and-a-half centuries later, the Dartmouth community is celebrating 250 years of academic achievement at the College on the Hill. Festivities began with a kick-off celebration in January and continued with various events throughout the year, including the re-enactment of a major U.S. Supreme Court case involving Dartmouth and a football game between the Big Green and Princeton University at Yankee Stadium later this fall.

Dartmouth celebrates its 250th anniversary B y ARIELLE BEAK

The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Jan. 11, 2019. With the advent of the new year, Dartmouth is celebrating the 250th anniversary of its founding. The festivities that took place on Jan. 10 kicked off what will be a year’s worth of academic and arts programming, service opportunities and celebrations all honoring the school’s notable milestone and adhering to the theme of “Honoring Our Past, Inspiring Our Future.” For Cheryl Bascomb ’82, vice president for alumni relations and cochair of the celebrations, the celebration of the College’s sestercentennial anniversary is an effort to use the past to guide the College’s future. “This really is a forward-looking endeavor, and so the classes that people are teaching and taking and the events that we’re holding really talk about Dartmouth’s story through history, but pointing forward,” Bascomb said. “How do they inform where we’re going and how do we — as alumni and faculty and

students — really help create the vision that we have for Dartmouth?” The Thursday kick-off celebrations took place in nine locations across campus, including Baker-Berry Library, the Top of the Hop and the Collis Center. College President Phil Hanlon and celebration co-chairs Bascomb and English professor Donald Pease all gave speeches in Baker-Berry Library that were livestreamed on Dartmouth’s 250th anniversary website. Hosting the kick-off celebrations at many venues, scattered across professional schools to athletic facilities, was an inclusive effort to make the festivities accessible to all students and faculty, Pease said. The multitude of activities planned for the year has been long in the making, with 20 committees working on individual events, according to Bascomb. Included in the academic and arts programming planned for the year are conferences, eight new courses, exhibitions and events at the Hopkins Center for the Arts. Pease noted that the focus of the year is to honor the meaning of a true liberal arts education and the values

that the College was founded on. He emphasized the unique vision of a liberal arts education in the 21st century. “At the center, we have the relationship between professor and student, which is the bond where we have scholars who love to teach and students who love to learn,” Pease said. “That’s at the core of everything.” As part of the anniversary events, Greenlighting Day will take place worldwideonJan.12.Nationallandmarks will be lit up in green to commemorate Dartmouth’s anniversary, including Niagara Falls, One World Trade Center, the Empire State Building, Boathouse Row in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the Capital Ferris Wheel in Washington D.C. and Dartmouth Hall. The College’s alumni network was key in organizing Greenlighting Day, Bascomb said. “Alumni engaged almost organically to say, ‘Yeah, I want to light up this place in my town,’ so many of the places happened through the benefit of alumni,” she said. “It’s pretty exciting to say that on this day we will be lighting the world up [in] green.” A conference based on the landmark

1819 U.S. Supreme Court case ruling, led by Daniel Webster, that established Dartmouth as a private institution, will take place on March 1 and 2. This case is also the basis of a new interdisciplinary undergraduate course that is co-taught by history professor Robert Bonner, government professor Russell Muirhead and Pease. Students will also get the chance to attend a reenactment of the case at the Supreme Court, acted out by Dartmouth alumni re-arguing the case. “Every Thursday, students will take ownership by taking up the conversations the three of us have had on Tuesdays, raising questions, producing disagreements, introducing alternative perspectives — we think it’s going to be great fun,” Pease said. Other conferences will be focusing on the liberal arts at Dartmouth, the College’s history of female faculty and the school’s history with slavery. On May 25, the Dartmouth Symphony Orchestra will premiere a piece commissioned by the College and inspired by the José Clemente Orozco murals located in the basement of Baker Library. A commission for the Dartmouth College Wind Ensemble

by composer Oliver Caplan ’04 will be unveiled the fall and will highlight special places at the College that hold importance for members of the community. The College is also introducing “The Call to Serve,” a service initiative that aims to encourage the Dartmouth community to volunteer and reach a goal of 250,000 combined volunteer hours. For many students, the 250th anniversary of the College is a time for the school to reflect on its past to positively inform the future. “Dartmouth seems to be acknowledging its past a lot more than what I’ve seen [in the past], and I think Dartmouth should be in a constant process of reassessment and improving itself,” Vanessa Soncco ’18 said. “This is a time for Dartmouth to be self-aware.” For other students, Dartmouth’s role as a powerful, high-profile institution is accompanied by the responsibility to lead by example. “Moving forward, I think as one of the leading institutions in America, we have the responsibility to be on the forefront of change,” Jessica Yin ’22 said.

College alumni re-enact famous 1819 Supreme Court case B y KYLE MULLINS

The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on March 4. 2019. History came to life on Friday during the re-argument of Dartmouth College v. Woodward, the landmark 1819 Supreme Court case that preserved Dartmouth’s status as a private college and strengthened constitutional protections against state interference in contracts. Several hundred alumni and community members filled Alumni Hall for the event, which was part of the ongoing celebration of the 250th anniversary of the College’s founding. The case began after the New Hampshire state government attempted to alter the College’s royal charter granted by King George III, ruler of the 13 American colonies before the Revolutionary War. In 1816, changes were made to the school charter that included establishing a state oversight panel, allowing the governor to appoint trustees and renaming the school Dartmouth University, effectively converting it to a public university. In response, the College’s trustees filed suit. Though they lost at the New Hampshire Superior Court, the case was appealed to the Supreme Court, where Dartmouth enlisted famed lawyer and alumnus Daniel Webster, Class of 1801, to argue the school’s case. Webster delivered a passionate peroration that praised the College and defended its right to exist. The Supreme Court ended up ruling 5-1 that the state could not alter the royal charter of the College. English professor and 250th anniversary commemorations co-chair Donald Pease, who is teaching a class this term on the famous case, said that “one of the chief reasons for the opposition to the name ‘Dartmouth University’ originated with the Dartmouth College case.” “Everyoneof the50-yearanniversaries of the College that took place from 1819 through to 2019 has referred back to Daniel Webster as the moment in which the College was, in essence, refounded,”

Pease said. He emphasized that after the case’s conclusion, Dartmouth also began its transition from a religious institution to a liberal arts college. The ruling in the case, in addition to bolstering Dartmouth’s status as a private college, also helped form the basis for American corporate law and the free market by limiting how the government could interfere in contracts. “[It] determined the significance of business and corporations in the United States, and, by extension, the spread of capitalism,” Pease said. Friday’s re-argument, which was also performed at the U.S. Supreme Court in January and presided over by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts, was reenacted by Dartmouth alumni. Former acting U.S. Solicitor General Neal Katyal ’91 played the part of Webster and former U.S. Solicitor General Gregory Garre ’87 played the part of William Wirt, the lawyer representing the state of New Hampshire. The six justices were also represented by Dartmouth alumni: New Hampshire Supreme Court justice James Bassett ’78, former Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court justice Robert Cordy ’71, U.S. Court of Appeals judge Gregg Costa ’94, U.S. District Court judge Abdul Kallon ’90, New Jersey Supreme Court justice Anne Patterson ’80 and Vermont Supreme Court justice Beth Robinson ’86. College President Phil Hanlon opened the event, noting that the result of the Dartmouth College case “not only preserved our beloved college on the hill, but came to have a profound and lasting impact on American business and society.” Yale Law School professor Kate Stith-Cabranes ’73 followed Hanlon and said that the events preceding the case “threatened the College’s survival.” She also pointed out that a plaque in Webster Hall — which houses the Rauner Special Collections Library — reads “Founded by Eleazar Wheelock. Refounded by Daniel Webster.” Stith-Cabranes also told the audience that the format of the re-argument would be more similar to a modern-day Supreme Court case than to the one


Former acting U.S. solicitor general Neal Katyal ’91 played the part of Daniel Webster in the re-enactment.

argued in 1819. The original case was argued for nine hours over the course of three days, she said, adding that at the time, the justices did not ask questions to the advocates. “This afternoon, however, we will have the modern rules of engagement: a ‘hot bench,’” Stith said. Katyal, representing Webster, spoke first, arguing that Dartmouth University and Dartmouth College are “not the same in anything.” “They have different names, different rights, powers and duties — their organization is wholly different,” Katyal said. “If the government can make these alterations [to the charter], then it can abolish these rights and privileges altogether.” Katyal then fielded questions from the judges. Bassett asked whether the Supreme Court owes the New Hampshire Supreme Court deference with regard to whether Dartmouth is a public or private corporation. Katyal replied that Dartmouth’s charter designates it as an eleemosynary corporation — one created for charitable purposes — and that the government has “no right to come in and re-purpose it.” He added that while the College serves a

public function, that does not invalidate its rights. Patterson questioned whether the state’s proposed changes truly disrupted the royal charter at all. Katyal answered that the acts change “both the process and the substance of the College.” He called the new name, Dartmouth University, “odious,” and pointed out that the trustees would have their voting power diminished, that the oversight board would have new powers and that the government “can’t change the eleemosynary corporation to make it better” under then-current law. After Katyal yielded his time, Garre told the justices that the state was acting within the law when it altered Dartmouth’s charter. The royal charter is not covered by the contract clause of the Constitution, he said, because “it lacks the fundamental requirement of every contract: a mutual exchange.” Garre further argued that even if it were a contract, the College’s purpose is education, giving New Hampshire the right to make changes, and that because the British Parliament could have made changes to the charter under a royal government, the New Hampshire legislature should be able to as well.

Bassett asked whether the state really had the power to seize “private property,” but Garre disputed the claim that the College was private, suggesting instead that “the property of Dartmouth College belongs to the people of New Hampshire, the very people for whom King George [granted] this royal charter to educate.” Cordy pointed out that the King received a “commitment” from the trustees, and asked whether that qualified the charter as a contract. Garre replied that “King George walked away with nothing from this as his own private property. He simply granted the privilege to the people of New Hampshire and Dartmouth College of education.” Katyal was granted the rest of his time to issue a rebuttal. He took issue with Garre’s claim that the College belongs to the people of New Hampshire, arguing that it belongs to the school trustees because “that’s what the contract says.” Katyal then delivered Webster’s famous peroration, concluding the performance and receiving applause from the audience and justices alike. According to Webster’s peroration, the Dartmouth College case has broader SEE WEBSTER PAGE 13




Racial slur incidents Over the past year, Dartmouth has been faced with a number of incidents in which community members were targeted with racial slurs, including slogans vandalized on student doors and email messages with racist statements sent to several individuals. These incidents prompted a number of reactions from the Dartmouth community.

Racial slur and bias incidents reported

Students and professors targeted by racist, sexually explicit emails

The Dartmouth Staff

The Dartmouth Staff


This article was originally published on Oct. 10, 2018. It was 5 a.m. on Sept. 18 when Sai Davuluri ’21 and Tyler Fagler ’20 noticed the racial slur “ch—” written on the door of a Chinese student on the fourth floor of McLane Hall. The pair were awake to go to conditioning practice for the baseball team. When they came back to their room later that morning, all traces of the vandalism were gone. The vandalism was one of multiple similar bias incidents that happened that morning, according to assistant director of residential education for West House Ted Stratton. Less than four weeks later, three more similar incidents were reported in School House, in Hitchcock Hall, Mid Massachusetts Hall and North Massachusetts Hall. While the incident in Hitchcock Hall was recorded as a bias incident, the others were not, according to an email sent to School House residents by assistant director Joseph Brenckle and house professor Craig Sutton. Isabelle Chung ’19 observed the biased vandalism on her door in Hitchcock Hall. The writing included the name of another Asian student next to a heart. Four days later, Chung is still waiting for someone to help her wash the remnants of the graffiti off of her dorm room door. The pen was probably permanent marker, Chung said. The day after the vandalism in McLane Hall, Stratton and West House professor Ryan Hickox emailed some members of the house community about the bias incident. The house community also held a “community gathering” that two students attended. School House held a similar meeting on Oct. 16, which eight members attended. Nevertheless, 13 students living on the fourth floor of McLane Hall and the connected Fahey Hall reached by The Dartmouth said they did not know the details of the bias incident in West House. Though Chung first noticed the graffiti on her door on Saturday afternoon, she did not report it to her undergraduate advisor until Sunday, she said. Prior to reporting the incident, she said she tried to forget about the writing and give whoever wrote it “the benefit of the doubt.” Chung added that she did not fully acknowledge the racist nature of the writing until she heard about similar occurrences targeted at other students. “When I heard that this was not an isolated incident, I realized that this is not a coincidence,” Chung said. “This is not a joke.” She then reported the graffiti to her undergraduate advisor, who spoke with the Department of Safety and Security. Chung said that in a follow-up communication with Safety and Security, the officer with whom she was speaking admitted to having previously confused Chung’s case with another case the department was handling. Chung said she was disappointed with aspects of her UGA’s response. When she asked her UGA to have a follow-up conversation about the incident, the UGA spoke to the School House assistant director who ultimately directed Chung to the community meeting, she said. Associate dean of residential life and director of residential education Mike Wooten said that training UGAs to handle incidents like these is a priority. “[In UGA training,] we think a lot about the particular ways in which we ask them to report things, and that is a big part of the work that we do, making sure the right people have the information and being part of a larger network of care,” he said. “I think they did a pretty good job [in reaction to the bias incident].” The Sept. 18 West House incident was also reported to a UGA and to Safety and Security, according to Stratton. The Bias Incident Response Team was also notified of both incidents and involved in the College’s response, according Wooten, who serves on the response team. Stratton said he first learned of the West House incident at around 4 p.m. on Sept. 18 from a UGA who had been contacted by a resident about the incident. Hickox and Stratton then worked together

to draft an email to West House residents expressing concern about the situation, publicizing available resources and encouraging students to come forward with additional information. Their intention was to notify students of resources and encourage them to contact Safety and Security should they have additional information. The email was sent out to residents at 8:24 p.m. on Sept. 18, roughly 15 hours after Davuluri and Fagler first noticed the vandalism. “We are very concerned about this behavior occurring on our campus, in West House, and in our residence hall,” Hickox and Stratton wrote in the email. “Derogatory and biased behavior has no place in our community, and violates the standards and values of the College.” The pair pointed students to resources including UGAs, deans, the Office of Pluralism and Leadership, counselors in the College Health Service and Stratton himself. The email sent by Brenckle and Stratton after the School House incidents gave students similar information and encouraged them to contact the same four resources. Both house communities hosted gatherings soon after the incidents and invited students to come to ask questions or show support. “We encourage you to come if you have any questions, want to show support for those affected by this behavior, or would benefit from gathering with some fellow community members,” Brenckle and Sutton wrote. Two students attended the West House meeting on Sept. 20, according to Stratton. Wooten said that eight students attended the School House meeting on Oct. 16. “At the meeting, we just let the students talk,” Stratton said. “We listened to the students’ different feelings and experiences at Dartmouth. There was no formal agenda.” Hickox, Stratton and Wooten all attended the West House meeting. The aforementioned three, along with Sutton, Brenckle and deputy director of residential education Jeffrey DeWitt attended the School House meeting. Wooten said he trusted Safety and Security to determine whether these events constitute a pattern. “It would be impossible to not see any pattern of anything on our campus that’s impacting our students, that’s hurtful, that’s hateful, and not think, ‘Oh my word, what’s going on?’” he said. Chair of the West House executive board Ryan Monasch ’19 added that regardless of who vandalized the doors, he wants to make sure that everyone sees West House as an inclusive community. The West House executive board is considering hosting discussions about social understanding and social issues, he said. Stratton said that even in light of the incident, the sense of community in West House persists. “Even in speaking with the impacted student, the student was confident that they didn’t think it was a member of the floor or probably even the house community, because they had a really good rapport with their neighbors,” he said. Nathan Camilo ’21, a member of West House, emphasized that he believes the College has room for improvement. “I think [this incident] is just yet another example of why many people of color and other marginalized communities feel unsafe and unwelcome on this campus,” Camilo said. “I don’t think Dartmouth does enough to address these types of issues. I think Dartmouth needs to make it clear that these types of incidents are disgusting and won’t be tolerated.” Wooten said that Dartmouth does prioritize resolving bias incidents. “These are things that we take extremely seriously, as you’d expect,” Wooten said. “All the College’s resources are coming to bear on trying to figure out how to proceed.” Hickcox declined to comment. Safety and Security director Keysi Montás was not available for comment by press time. Sutton did not respond to requests for comment by press time. Brenckle, assistant dean and pan-Asian student advisor Shiella Cervantes and assistant dean of pluralism and leadership Sebastian Muñoz-Medina declined to add to Wooten’s statement.

B y Wally Joe Cook

This article was originally published on Feb. 13, 2019. At least three Dartmouth professors and 18 students, nearly all people of color, have been targeted by a slew of emails that contain sexually explicit descriptions and racial slurs. The emails came from false email addresses and claimed to be from Dartmouth students. Most of the emails reviewed by the Dartmouth were targeted at people of Asian ethnic descent, though students from many races were targeted. At least two of the recipients of the racist emails have had Asian slurs written on their doors in the past year. An investigation is ongoing, according to chief information security officer Steve Nyman, who declined to comment further. The Dartmouth viewed over a dozen such emails from four fabricated email accounts, many of which cc’ed multiple students, and which came from either accounts or accounts. The earliest messages are dated from December. One email, sent to a student with the subject “Back to work, slave,” read, “Hi [name redacted], Please stop slacking and get back to work, n—.” Other racist attacks included calling various recipients “Jew lover[s],” “beanur[s]” or “yello.” The first identified emails were sent to a member of a student dance group on Dec. 9 and 10. Earlier in September, a College staff member had emailed the club about damage to a wall in a practice room the club had used. On Dec. 9, a member of the team, who asked not to be identified due to privacy concerns, received an email referencing the damage. The email appeared to be from Abdul Agboola ’19, though Agboola told The Dartmouth that he was not the sender. “No having your period on the f—ing wall! [The College staff member] gonna fight you! Don’t give [name redacted] gonohhrea [sic]!” the email read. A second email sent to the same student the next day read, “U hear me? Don’t touch the wall! Chi—s! Hi, Don’t touch the wall! [redacted name], that means you! Ms. [redacted name], please please watch her! And make sure [redacted name] dont wank during prax.” In an interview with The Dartmouth, Agboola said he was shocked when he learned about the emails falsely attributed to him. He added that the perpetrator

was aware of specific information about the recipients of the emails, as well as the fact that he himself is black, which he said made him suspect that a Dartmouth community member composed the emails. “How could this happen?” he said. “I hope they get to the bottom of this.” Another recipient of offensive emails, who also asked not to be named to maintain her privacy, echoed Agboola’s suspicions that a Dartmouth community member may be sending the emails. She said that the perpetrator knew her religious identity, who her friends were, her friends’ nicknames and other students’ preferred names, which are different from their email account names. “It was really concerning that somebody had the time and the energy and — I don’t know if it’s anger or hatred? — to send these out, and they could be walking amongst us,” she said. “I don’t know what else they would do to people of color or other minorities on campus.” “It was really concerning that somebody had the time and the energy and — I don’t know if it’s anger or hatred? — to send these out, and they could be walking amongst us.” She criticized the administration for taking too long to make a statement, considering how many people received similar messages. The College first publicly acknowledged the messages on Feb. 11 in a campus-wide email from Nyman. “A few months ago, an unknown person sent racist email messages to students purporting to be from another student,” Nyman’s email read. “Today we are seeing similar fake messages sent to other students and one faculty member. These messages are NOT originating from Dartmouth’s email system and are NOT authored by the student they are claiming to be.” Gillian Yue ’22, who was a recipient of a racist message, said she forwarded the message to her undergraduate advisor and an Information, Technology and Consulting investigator from the College. “I was pretty upset seeing the email, especially since it wasn’t the first one — two similar emails were sent to me in the guise of another Dartmouth student during winter break,” Yue wrote in an email to The Dartmouth. Yue added that while she does not feel endangered by the emails, she hopes the school can find the culprit soon. Another recipient, who received an email on Feb. 8 and who also declined to be identified, said it involved “very intimate personal information” that only one or two people could know. He

added that the other people copied on the message were very close to him, including a professor. Other emails were similarly personal, often including references to recipients’ classmates, Greek organizations or significant others. Multiple emails made accusations of sexual impropriety. “Hi Sir [name redacted], Congratz on the citation in [professor redacted] class! I saw you starin at [name redacted] melons during class, and the best way to handle this is to talk it out with her. So I’ve copied her on dis note so that she don’t complain of sexual harrassment and get scared of brownskins… naive chi—s can be mean towards indians! I’m lookin out for you as a fellow black brother,” read one email. One email sent to a professor alleged that a student committed sexual assault. “Hey [professor redacted], I see you give [name redacted] a citation, but did you account for the touching he did to me at homecoming?” the email read. Another Dartmouth professor of color received two racially and sexually vulgar emails. “Me and your white wife will f— in the bushes before having some Skyy Vodka! And we will wear catsuits too!” read one email. An email with the subject “Brown and yellow secx” targeted a student using explicit sexual language. “Hi [name redacted], My homie [name redacted] talked to me about how he did you good. Hope you both used a condom! Anyway, was wondering if you, [name redacted], [name redacted], and me can have a 4 way! Just trying to be innovative,” the email read. Another email sent to a Hispanic student targeted him for his race. “Hey beanur [name redacted], Get back to work before the wall gets put up!” the email read. College spokesperson Diana Lawrence wrote in an email statement that the College notified the Hanover police department about the emails and would be speaking with all of those who received emails or are otherwise connected to the incident. “We find the language contained in the emails abhorrent and antithetical to our community values and standards,” Lawrence wrote. “This investigation is a high priority for the college and we continue to pursue the matter actively.” She said that the College urges anyone with information that might help them identify the person or people responsible to reach out, and that any students who received such emails should forward them to

Racial bias resolutions passed B y SUNNY DRESCHER The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Feb. 28, 2019. In response to a Student Assembly resolution and a subsequent meeting with SA leadership regarding racist vandalism found in dorms in Oct. 2018 and more recent racist emails targeting students and faculty, interim dean of the College Kathryn Lively publicly responded with a letter detailing three action items that Student Affairs was committed to taking in the coming weeks and months. Action items included Student Affairs updating their website to include information about the current process for undergraduates to report incidents of bias by the first day of spring term classes; assembling a working group to examine that process and make recommendations for potential modifications by mid-summer; and working with Residential Life to evaluate safety practices in residence halls. “[Walters] and I had received lots of concerned messages from students who were either reporting biased incidents made against them or who had friends who were being threatened by emails or by vandalism on the doors,” SA vice-president Nicole Knape ’19 said. She added that she and SA president Monik Walters ’19 believed that the resolution was the best way to call for urgent action on the part of Student Affairs and to “elevate [students’] voices to the administration” regarding how they felt these cases were being handled. Knape said that a meeting was scheduled with herself, Walters, Lively and senior associate dean Liz Agosto for the Monday following the promulgation of the resolution, which was emailed to campus on a Thursday. She added that the quick turnaround between the resolution being sent out and the meeting indicated that the administration was

taking their resolution and their call for urgent action seriously. At the meeting, Knape said, they discussed students’ concerns and came up with a plan to make the process for reporting racial bias more transparent. “[The lack of transparency] is one of the barriers to reporting [incidents of racial bias] because students don’t understand how these processes follow through,” Knape said. Lively said that she understands that it can be frustrating to students when Student Affairs is unable to share publicly what steps have been taken in an investigation. “I was thrilled that student leaders were really willing to take a public stand for inclusivity and diversity and against cowardice, racism and hate. Yet, at the same time, I was also concerned that students thought nothing was happening when in fact a lot of things had been happening,” Lively wrote in an email statement. Agosto said that Student Affairs does not share details during an ongoing investigation primarily to protect the students directly involved and “to not tip off the perpetrator.” She acknowledged the tension between wanting to be transparent and communicate information while wanting to make sure that all information is accurate and appropriate to share with the community. “With so much rumor going on, we want to share timely but factual information that doesn’t incite more fear or concern,” Agosto said. “It’s a hard balance, and I freely admit that we don’t always get it right.” Agosto explained each of the three action items detailed in Lively’s letter. First, she said that the reporting and investigative process had been absent from the website as the College transitioned from using one web platform to another. Second, Agosto said that the plans for the working group had not been

formalized at this point, but she was hopeful that the working group would have a representative group of students and staff. She added that it might be beneficial to have a student co-chair for the working group to be an additional liaison for students. Knape added that the working group would be especially helpful regarding determining how to best support students who are dealing with incidents of bias. The resolution included a provision to institute a more effective “network of care to support students” affected by incidents of racial bias, and Knape said that Student Assembly hopes that putting together a streamlined process for students to report such incidents will help students find relevant support services more easily, potentially through OPAL or other campus groups. Third, Agosto added that Residential Life had the potential to be a key player in increasing students’ safety and perception of safety with respect to incidents of racial bias. She said that ideas that had been floated so far included limiting dorm access to students within each house community and adding cameras to dorm entrances. However, she added that some of those measures may “come with costs and not have the support of the student body.” Associate dean of residential life and director of residential education Michael Wooten confirmed through email that Residential Life is working with Student Assembly regarding their resolution, but he said that no plans have been finalized regarding specifically what Residential Life will be working on. “The hope is always to improve the student experience and to continue making the campus safe and welcoming for all students. I also hope that it illustrates a willingness on the Dean of the College’s office to listen to and work collaboratively with student leadership,” Lively wrote.




Sexual misconduct lawsuit In 2017, three professors in the psychological and brain sciences department were investigated by the College for alleged sexual misconduct and placed on administrative leave. Upon completion of the College’s investigation in the summer of 2018, the three professors had their tenures revoked and were forced to leave Dartmouth. However, in November 2018, seven women filed a lawsuit in federal court against the College, charging that Dartmouth for over 16 years knew about but failed to act on allegations against the PBS department, which the plaintiffs characterized as a “21st century Animal House.” What followed was a series of high-profile events that are shaping the way Dartmouth as an institution addresses the issue of sexual misconduct on campus.

$70 million lawsuit alleges Dartmouth turned blind eye to sexual abuse B y THE DARTMOUTH SENIOR STAFF

This article was originally published on Nov. 15, 2018. Seven women have filed a $70 million federal class action against the College alleging that Dartmouth ignored more than 16 years of sexual harassment by Todd Heatherton, William Kelley and Paul Whalen, three former professors in the psychological and brain sciences department. The lawsuit marks the first time the women — including six current and former graduate students and one former undergraduate, all of whom did research in the PBS department — have spoken publicly about the allegations. According to the lawsuit, filed Thursday in federal court in New Hampshire, the three professors turned

the department into “a 21st century Animal House,” sexually assaulting female students and competing to have the “hottest lab.” The lawsuit alleges that while Dartmouth knew about the professors’ conduct, it did not take action until women in the psychological and brain sciences department filed a Title IX complaint against the professors. Following a months-long investigation by the College, Heatherton and Whalen left Dartmouth in June, and Kelley resigned in July. College president Phil Hanlon addressed the lawsuit in an email to campus and alumni Thursday morning after news of the suit broke in national media, including the Chronicle of Higher Education and the Boston Globe. Hanlon rebutted the claims made in the suit, saying the College “took unprecedented steps toward revoking

[the professors’] tenure and terminating their employment.” Dartmouth intends to respond to the lawsuit with its own court filings, Hanlon wrote. In a statement released by his lawyer, Heatherton denied “playing any role in creating a toxic environment at Dartmouth College.” He claimed that the lawsuit unfairly lumps him in with Kelley and Whalen, noting that the majority of allegations in the lawsuit are against those two professors. He denied the allegation that he hired female students for his lab based on their attractiveness, stating that his lab manager handled hiring, and denied other statements and actions attributed to him or claimed they were taken out of context. More generally, Heatherton denied knowledge of Kelley and Whalen’s alleged actions or general pattern of behavior.

On Oct. 25, 2017, The Dartmouth first reported that Heatherton, Kelley and Whalen were under investigation for misconduct and on paid leave. On Oct. 31, Hanlon wrote an email to campus explaining that the three professors were “alleged to have engaged in sexual misconduct and are being investigated by law enforcement,” which included the New Hampshire attorney general’s office, the Grafton County attorney, the New Hampshire State Police, the Grafton County Sheriff’s office and Hanover Police. The College announced on Nov. 10 that it had hired an external investigator to look into the allegations. The Dartmouth reported on Nov. 18 that 15 undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral students and scholars in the PBS department had signed a statement alleging that the three professors created a “hostile academic environment in which

sexual harassment is normalized.” Four of those signees spoke directly to The Dartmouth about their experiences, and three more provided written statements about their time in the PBS department. Hanlon announced on Feb. 19 that the external investigator was “close to concluding her work,” and that, after the investigations were completed, disciplinary action following procedures in the Organization of the Faculty of Dartmouth College would be pursued. Heatherton elected to retire on June 13. Whalen’s resignation followed suit on June 26 before Kelley retired on July 17, ending the sexual misconduct investigation. All three departures followed separate recommendations from the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences Elizabeth Smith that their tenure be revoked and employment terminated.

Community demands College debuts Campus Climate and sexual misconduct reform Culture Initiative


The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Jan. 10, 2019. The $70 million federal class action that the College faces has incited further action by Dartmouth community members. On Jan. 2, the advocacy group “Dartmouth Community Against Gender Harassment and Sexual Violence,” which includes both students and alumni members, delivered a list of specific actions to College President Phil Hanlon’s office. The group says the actions must be taken in order to “address both individual incidents and the broader culture that permits sexual misconduct to recur.” The list of demands was released through a letter the day before the College’s announcement of the Campus Culture and Climate Initiative, which aims to address some of the concerns centered around sexual assault outlined in the letter. The letter also follows an earlier statement of support for the plaintiffs in the pending Title IX lawsuit against the College. That first letter, which called upon the administration to acknowledge a “glaring breach of responsibility” and issue a public apology, was delivered Dec. 6 and signed by nearly 800 members of the greater Dartmouth community. The two-page list of demands is divided into three categories: immediate, “time-bound” and long-term actions. These actions include changes in the style of communications around sexual m i s c o n d u c t o n c a m p u s, t h e recruitment of ombudspersons trained in gender harassment and sexual assault cases, further allocation of resources to counseling services, additional education on topics such as gaslighting and power dynamics, training for faculty and administrators in leadership positions and further, more transparent community participation in the development of reforms. Itzel Rojas, a graduate student in the experimental and molecular medicine program who helped write the list of demands, emphasized the grassroots nature of its development. “We basically just formed a small writing group that actively created the document, edited it and then put it out for community feedback and took that in, just trying to get ... something that was really representative as well as accurate and ... as inclusive as possible,” Rojas said. She added that the writing group included undergraduate students, graduate students and alumni spanning decades of classes. “One of the really powerful things about this group is that we’re drawing from a really vast array of participants,” Rojas said. Rebecca Finger, a fourth-year graduate student in the ecology, evolution, ecosystems and society program, joined the group after signing the first letter and said she provided feedback on initial drafts of the list of demands. “I joined the group wanting

to advocate more for graduate students, which I think is a group that doesn’t have a clear voice at Dartmouth,” Finger said. Among the list of demands is further education on topics surrounding sexual misconduct. Diana Whitney ’95 has taken a communications and management role within the advocacy group and helped edit the letter. Whitney said that while the group applauds the educational efforts of groups on campus, it wants to see a more unified approach. “We wanted to acknowledge that there are some very good existing programs,” she said. However, the College needs “a unified plan that stands across the whole campus,” she added. Whitney also said that the group’s demand for mandatory sexual harassment and misconduct training for Dartmouth’s deans and department chairs is “crucial.” She noted that there is already mandatory training on a variety of sexual misconduct issues for undergraduate students. The group is also demanding transparency and community oversight, including town hall meetings and an independent panel that would review quarterly progress reports submitted by the administration. “It’s important for [the College] to initiate the kind of transparency that [the] community demands of [it],” Rojas said. “If people still have certain kinds of questions or would like to be more hands-on in the process, for example, that’s something that [the administration] should be really sensitive to.” Additionally, the group demanded that Dartmouth immediately issue a statement acknowledging a declaratory judgment pending in the Federal District Court of New York involving an alleged assault on campus. In the case, Monica Morrison ’07 seeks a declaratory judgment — a judgment of a court which determines the rights of parties — regarding her rights to speak about the assault. The complaint details her desire to protest a demanded non-disclosure agreement and resolve threatened claims of slander against her alleged assailant, then a student at the Tuck School of Business. Whitney described the lawsuit as a question of academic freedom. The group’s letter asserts that “the premise of this case is to silence a Dartmouth survivor by denying her right to speak or write about her experience.” “[Morrison’s] alleged assaulter’s actions have been to use his power and wealth to silence her writing or speaking about her experience,” Whitney said. “This is really relevant to the core values of the College.” Morrison did not reply to a request for comment. The roll-out of C3I appears to aim to address some of the demands in the letter, including mandatory sexual misconduct education and independent oversight of policy making. The advocacy group said in a statement that though it is “heartened by the appointment of an independent external advisory committee,” it found some of the


The Campus Climate and Culture Initiative, or C3I, will take effect immediately, with mandatory Title IX training for faculty and staff beginning this week along with plans to present a unified policy on sexual misconduct to the faculty by the end of the term, according to provost Joseph Helble. The initiative, which was announced by College President Phil Hanlon through an email on Jan. 3, comes in the midst of an ongoing sexual harassment class action against the College. Three professors in the psychology and brain sciences department — who have since retired or resigned from their positions — are accused of sexually harassing or in some cases, assaulting female students repeatedly over the span of 16 years while College administration took no action, according to the lawsuit. Among the reforms outlined in Hanlon’s statement, the College will now undergo an evaluation by an independent external advisory committee, conduct climate reviews of each academic department, revise its sexual misconduct policies, mandate access to multiple advisers for all graduate students and increase investment in mental health resources. A working group overseen by Helble will investigate other areas for policy reform and compile a report by the beginning of the summer. The climate reviews, on the other hand, are anticipated to take several years to complete. According to Helble, the initiative was largely inspired by recommendations outlined in a 2018 report published by the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine that analyzed the damaging effects of sexual harassment on women in STEM-related fields. “I’m proud that Dartmouth is taking these steps to address and confront this challenge and to make Dartmouth’s environment even better for students going forward,” Helble said.

The College developed the initiative in consultation with the Title IX office, according to Title IX coordinator Kristi Clemens. Clemens noted that under the initiative, the Title IX office will create a unified sexual misconduct disciplinary procedure for all members of the Dartmouth community, with a focus on clarifying processes for faculty and staff. She also expressed excitement over the anticipated expansion to the Title IX office, which currently consists of herself, a deputy Title IX coordinator and an administrative assistant. “If we added another person, that person could be the main contact for people who want to come in and report,” Clemens said. “That would allow me to focus on some of the more proactive measures like annual reporting and working closely with our investigators.” Dean of the Grove School of Engineering at the City College of New York Gilda Barabino will spearhead the external advisory committee. Barabino was selected for the position based on her past leadership at her institution, as well as her involvement in the task force that wrote the 2018 National Academies report, according to Helble. The committee will publish progress reports available to the public, which will include updates on the College’s progress towards a unified sexual harassment policy and aggregate outcomes of Title IX investigations on campus, Helble said. University of Michigan psychology professor Abigail Stewart and Thayer School of Engineering professor Vicki May will manage the climate reviews of each of Dartmouth’s departments. Helble noted that these reviews will entail discussions within individual departments and programs to foster an environment that “enables everyone to speak freely … and is supportive and nurturing of all.” Additionally, Helble emphasized the importance of having women in positions of power as part of the new initiative. “Do I think it is important that women play roles of leadership in this process where we’re trying to confront issues of sexual harassment and abuse?” he said. “Absolutely.”

While the new federal guidance for Title IX proposed in November 2018 may prompt another revision of Dartmouth’s Title IX policies in the near future, Clemens said that the College will continue with the reforms outlined by the initiative. “Right now Dartmouth is in an action moment,” Clemens said. “We’re not going to wait to see how other things shake out. When we identify problems or gaps that we need to address, we’re going to move on that now so that we can continue to strengthen our community and keep it safe.” WISE campus advocate Bailey Ray said she hopes the initiative will lead to change in the future. “What we’re looking to do is address the systemic structures that allow abuse and harassment and violence to take place,” Ray said. “My hope in terms of what we need to address is that we need to be looking at how everyone is complicit in gender-based violence. That means we need to understand how we view gender and gender roles and how we look at power dynamics.” She added that the initiative gives the community a chance to “do the real work” and make an important impact. “When bad things happen, we have to face them head on, but we also have this opportunity to say this is who we want to be, this is how we’re going to change things that haven’t worked and this is how we ensure that we build a healthy community and a healthy campus,” Ray said. Clemens and Helble both noted that the College administration will continue to encourage and listen to feedback from the Dartmouth community throughout the initiative’s implementation. “As the details of the initiative move forward over the next several months, the goal is in fact to have a series of meetings with groups around campus — students, faculty and staff alike — to gather community input on the specifics and then move forward,” Helble said. The Student Assembly and Student and Presidential Committee on Sexual Assault will be hosting an open forum for students to ask questions and voice their opinions on the initiative this Friday at 5 p.m. in Collis 101.

points in the initiative to be lacking in detail and context and that they fail to address “Dartmouth-specific toxicities.” Finger pointed out that two of Hanlon’s emails to the community have come soon after the delivery of a letter endorsed by members of the Dartmouth community. “Clearly, I think we’ve made our mark,” she said. Jennifer Ditano, a graduate student in experimental and molecular medicine program, applauded the use of National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine studies as a model but said she would like to see examples of actions the administration plans to take at Dartmouth. Ditano added that she is worried the administration does not have “a concrete plan” about how it will address Dartmouth-specific issues. “Taking a blanket approach won’t work here — the NASEM report is a good framework, but the pain and discrimination experienced here is colored in Dartmouth green,” Rojas wrote in an email statement. Finger said she was disappointed

to not see ombudsperson positions in the initiative, which she described as “standard practice” for top U.S. universities. “T he fact that Dartmouth does not have an ombudsman is pretty disgraceful when it comes to protecting students, faculty and staff,” she said. Ditano said she was disappointed in what she said was a failure to acknowledge “survivors and victims from past decades up to the current.” “As far as I can tell, nothing in their new initiative takes any responsibility on Dartmouth’s part for fostering the environment that we currently have,” she said. “I know that that’s been really hard for victims and survivors.” Hanlon’s reply to the letter’s list of demands stated that he will “consider the ideas and requests that it includes over the days ahead.” In response to both the list of demands and the December letter, Hanlon extended an invitation for the group’s leaders to meet with him, a proposal Whitney said the advocacy group intends to accept

soon. “What we are going to do is poll the whole group for questions for him and tell him what the biggest concerns are,” she said. “We really want to be representative of all the concerns. And as a Dartmouth survivor myself, I’m looking forward to talking with the president about my own experience.” Other future plans include working with student groups on campus and holding a rally for “A Dartmouth Free of Sexual Violence.” Whitney said the advocacy group may consider working with groups such as the Sexual Assault Peer Alliance and the Movement Against Violence. A representative for SAPA declined to comment and MAV did not reply to a request for comment. Whitney said she has felt more engaged with the Dartmouth community now than at any time since graduation. “Once I graduated, I didn’t really feel a lot of connection,” she said. “This has been very interesting for me, personally ... to feel compelled to engage.”

The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Jan. 8, 2019.





New allegations of sexual assault made in ongoing lawsuit B y THE DARTMOUTH SENIOR STAFF

This article was originally published on May 2, 2019. Two former Dartmouth students have signed on as plaintiffs to an ongoing lawsuit that alleges that for over 16 years College officials ignored evidence of sexual misconduct by three former psychological and brain sciences professors. In an amended version of the original plaintiffs’ complaint filed yesterday in the U.S. District Court of New Hampshire, the two former students bring forward additional allegations of sexual assault and harassment, adding to an already significant and graphic list of charges made by seven other women who allege that the three PBS professors turned the department into a “21st century Animal House.” The original lawsuit, which calls for $70 million in damages, was filed in November 2018. The two new plaintiffs, labeled under the pseudonyms “Jane

Doe 2” and “Jane Doe 3,” add new allegations against former professors Todd Heatherton, William Kelley and Paul Whalen — all three of whom left the College last summer after an internal investigation led to recommendations of their termination. “We applaud the courage of the two women who have added their harrowing accounts to the chorus of others who were assaulted, harassed and prevented from pursuing their studies at Dartmouth,” wrote lead counsel for the plaintiffs Deborah Marcuse in an email statement to The Dartmouth. Jane Doe 2 is described in the complaint as a former Dartmouth undergraduate student who attended the College from 2008 to 2012 and worked as a research assistant in Heatherton’s lab from fall 2012 to spring 2013. The lawsuit says that Kelley and Whalen began to make sexual comments about her in her presence, and that in November 2012, she was sexually assaulted and had non-consensual sex with Whalen. In April 2013, the filing alleges, Whalen again initiated sexual advances

toward Jane Doe 2 and “choked her to the point that she feared for her safety,” upon which a Dartmouth security guard soon walked in. Later, during Jane Doe 2’s final week working in the lab, the lawsuit alleges that Whalen invited her to a baseball game and said, “You’re not going to tell anybody, right? We’re good, right?” The complaint describes the second new plaintiff, Jane Doe 3, as a former graduate student and post-doctoral fellow who attended Dartmouth from 2003 until 2009 and worked in both Heatherton’s and Kelley’s labs. Jane Doe 3 did not originally work in Kelley’s lab, according to the complaint, but was encouraged to do so by Kelley in November 2003. The complaint alleges that after joining Kelley’s lab, Jane Doe 3 was coerced into an ongoing sexual relationship with him. The filing alleges that a different female graduate student contacted former PBS chair Howard Hughes in 2004 to report knowing of a sexual relationship between Kelley and Jane Doe 3. Multiple students made similar

complaints about Kelley and Jane Doe 3 between 2005 and 2007, according to the filing. Jane Doe 3 alleges in the complaint that Kelley regarded her as a sexual object rather than a scientist, and told her she was “too pretty to be smart.” The suit additionally claims that Jane Doe 3 was referred to in the department by a sexually demeaning nickname, coined after Heatherton shared with male PBS faculty members that he hoped the plaintiff’s shirt buttons would open during her interview. The complaint alleges that when Jane Doe 3 attempted to end their sexual relationship, Kelley threatened to withdraw academic support for Jane Doe 3. When Jane Doe 3 ended the relationship in 2007, the filing alleges that Kelley told her, “Good luck getting your Ph.D. now.” In retaliation, the lawsuit claims that Kelley gave data Jane Doe 3 collected to another student and removed her from an ongoing research project. In fall 2017, the complaint alleges that Kelley called Jane Doe 3, advising her to not speak with anyone from Dartmouth

about the investigation. In October 2017, PBS department chair David Bucci contacted Jane Doe 3 informing her of the Title IX investigation and acknowledged “rumors” of Jane Doe 3’s relationship with Kelley, according to the filing. “The new complaint shows that there is a long-standing problem, and women are coming forward to address it,” said Charles Douglas, a Concord, NH attorney who is one of the lawyers for the plaintiffs, in an interview with The Dartmouth. In an email statement, College spokesperson Diana Lawrence wrote that the new allegations in the updated complaint were not reported as part of an independent Title IX investigation begun in the spring of 2017. “We take the allegations seriously and are investigating them now,” Lawrence wrote. Lawrence added that the College commends the individuals for stepping forward. “We deeply regret that any student experienced or was exposed to such conduct at Dartmouth,” Lawrence wrote.

Dartmouth, plaintiffs reach $14 million lawsuit settlement B y THE DARTMOUTH SENIOR STAFF

This article was originally published on Aug. 6, 2019. Dartmouth and the nine women suing the College for allegedly failing to act on reports of sexual misconduct by three former psychological and brain sciences professors have reached an out-of-court settlement totaling $14 million, College President Phil Hanlon announced in an email statement this morning. Pending approval by a federal judge of the U.S. District Court of New Hampshire, the settlement marks the resolution of the case, Rapuano et. al. v. Trustees of Dartmouth College, which was originally filed on Nov. 15, 2018. The suit alleged that over the span of 16 years, three former professors — Todd Heatherton, William Kelley and Paul Whalen — turned the psychological and brain sciences department into a “21st century Animal House” involving

a heavy drinking culture, sexual harassment and sexual assault. “We are satisfied to have reached an agreement with Dartmouth College, and are encouraged by our humble contribution to bringing restorative justice to a body of Dartmouth students beyond the named plaintiffs,” plaintiffs Sasha Brietzke, Annemarie Brown, Vassiki Chauhan, Andrea Courtney, Kristina Rapuano, Jane Doe, Jane Doe 2 and Jane Doe 3 wrote in a joint statement. The parties entered mediation on July 24 with the assistance of retired New Hampshire Superior Court judge Robert Morrill, and they concluded the process yesterday — the final day of the extension to mediation granted by Judge Landya McCafferty. The joint press release stated that the resolution defined a settlement class including “all students who meet certain criteria and who certify that they endured a hostile environment” as a result of the conduct of the three professors. In addition to monetary

compensation, the settlement outlines initiatives to identify and correct current issues related to gender-based violence and harassment as part of the College’s Campus Climate and Culture Initiative, which was introduced by Hanlon earlier this year. The complete terms of the settlement will be filed in the federal district court in Concord, as well as made public on Dartmouth’s website and the webpage of the plaintiffs’ attorneys. “I cannot express strongly enough my deep disappointment that these individuals violated their positions of trust to these, and other, students and members of our Community,” Hanlon wrote in the release. “Their conduct flies in the face of Dartmouth’s mission and core values. That is why my colleagues and I moved to revoke their tenure. Through this process, we have learned lessons that we believe will enable us to root out this behavior immediately if it ever threatens our campus community again.” In their original court filing, the

plaintiffs, asking for $70 million in damages, claimed that although Dartmouth knew about allegations against the three professors, the College did not act until women in the psychological and brain sciences department filed a Title IX complaint in 2017. The College initially rebutted many of the claims made in the suit in a later filing. The successful mediation comes after a number of recent developments in the case. In May, two additional women signed on as anonymous plaintiffs to the lawsuit, adding additional allegations of sexual misconduct. In response, the College filed a motion asking the court to deny the granting of anonymity to the new plaintiffs when certifying them as members of the class, arguing that having the names kept private would “prejudice” Dartmouth’s ability to defend itself in the case. Dartmouth’s attempt to challenge the plaintiffs’ anonymity prompted a petition criticizing the College’s tactics signed by over 600 people, including

presidential candidates Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand ’88 (D-NY), Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA). The Dartmouth first reported in Oct. 2017 that the College had placed the three former professors on leave for “serious misconduct.” A week later, Hanlon announced that the three professors were alleged to have engaged in sexual misconduct and that several local law enforcement agencies were investigating the case. The College conducted its own investigation led by an external investigator, and in the summer of 2018, a review process led dean of the faculty of arts and sciences Elizabeth Smith to recommend separately that the three professors’ employment be terminated and their tenure be revoked, after which Heatherton retired and Kelley and Whalen resigned. On Aug. 20, the parties are scheduled to file with the Court a signed Stipulation and Agreement of Settlement and proposed schedule for this matter going forward.

College’s new sexual misconduct policy to take effect this fall B y LUCY TURNIPSEED The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Aug. 16, 2019. The College’s new Sexual and Gender-Based Misconduct Policy will go into effect Sept. 1. While the SMP clarifies the College’s policies regarding sexual assault, it does not change much of the student experience, according to Title IX Office coordinator Kristi Clemens. Clemens said that the policy primarily streamlines procedures and resource information, emphasizes affirmative consent and covers the distribution of sexually explicit photos and videos.

“The new policy, which will provide clarity and consistency across the institution, takes the place of separate policies that existed for faculty, students and staff,” provost Joseph Helble wrote in a campus-wide email on Aug. 12. “It clearly identifies conduct that is unacceptable and will not be tolerated in our learning community.” Helble’s message to the community came approximately a week after the settlement of the class action lawsuit against the College in which multiple women currently or formerly affiliated with the College’s psychological and brain sciences department alleged that Dartmouth had failed to protect its students from sexual misconduct by three

former professors. While announcing the settlement, College President Phil Hanlon cited the mediation process as a step forward for the Campus Climate and Culture Initiative, a program that works in tandem with Moving Dartmouth Forward and Inclusive Excellence to create a more welcoming and equitable environment at the College. According to Clemens, cultural change, rather than policy change such as the SMP, will have the greatest impact on campus culture. She added that cultural change must come from the students themselves. Olivia Fine ’20, who has been involved in both the Movement

Against Violence and the Student and Presidential Committee on Sexual Assault, said that she believes sexual assault is an “epidemic” on Dartmouth’s campus. She added that she has decided to transfer from the College in part because of the nature of gender-based violence on campus. A College survey conducted in 2017 on sexual misconduct found that 34 percent of female undergraduates at Dartmouth report non-consensual penetration or sexual touching involving physical force or incapacitation since entering college. According to the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network, 11.2 percent of undergraduate and graduate students in the U.S. experience some form of sexual assault. Students who identify as female experience sexual assault at a rate of 23.1 percent, according to RAINN. Fine said she believes that there is an effort by a dedicated group of students to combat sexual assault but that wider support on campus is necessary. She noted that while students and campus groups, such as MAV, SPCSA, and the Sexual Assault Peer Alliance, are able to make a difference on campus, it is unfair to require students to expend so much time and energy on the issue. “It’s not entirely fair that so much responsibility and labor falls on students who are unpaid and dedicate their own time,” Fine said. She added that making policies clearer is a step in the right direction, but said she does not know how effective SMP will be, since it does not introduce anything new to the College’s policies overall. SPCSA board member Maggie Flaherty ’21, who became involved with SPCSA and MAV because of the gender-based violence she has witnessed on campus, said that she believes effecting cultural change at the College will take

time. “Culture shift is a very long process,” Flahertysaid.“There’saheteronormative structure on campus. There’s a lot of entitlement, ownership of space and a culture that permits violence — this stay-out-all-night drinking culture.” In addition to the creation of SMP, MAV will also experience changes beginning in the fall. It will no longer function as an organization on campus; instead, the College will launch a comprehensive four-year Sexual Violence Prevention Program, which has been in a pilot phase for the past three years. “The goal is to meet students where they are in their social and cognitive development and enact behavioral change,” said associate director of the Student Wellness Center Amanda Childress. SVPP will center on five tenets: resources, support and what sexual violence is, building healthy relationships and sexual behavior, respectful communication across differences and bystander intervention, Childress said. Although MAV was an effective program, SVPP has been more specifically researched and crafted, according to Childress. She added that it will also place less of a burden on students to be in charge of educating their peers with essential information; however, she noted that many of those involved with MAV are helping out with SVPP. A singular first-year program will give way to a set of sessions that students will be able to self-select in their sophomore, junior and senior years. Childress, along with assistant director for violence prevention Benjamin Bradley, are still fine-tuning the upperclassman curriculum for the required programming.




Student organizations face difficulties Over the past year, several student groups at Dartmouth found themselves in predicaments or under investigation. A large fraternity, Sigma Phi Epsilon, was forced to disband after violating an alcohol ban by its national organization. On the same day, The Dartmouth reported that the College had hired an investigator to look into allegations of hazing against several student groups. Meanwhile, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, which was de-recognized by the College in 2015, continued its lengthy legal battle against the town of Hanover to maintain its residence on College Street.

Sigma Phi Epsilon closes following charter revocation

College investigates hazing allegations B y Zachary Benjamin and Amanda Zhou The Dartmouth Senior Staff

This article was originally published on Oct. 12, 2018.


Sig Ep’s charter was suspended after the fraternity violated its national organization’s policy against alcohol.

B y Elizabeth Janowski The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Oct. 12, 2018. The national board of directors of Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity announced that it has reached a unanimous decision to pull the charter of Dartmouth’s Sig Ep chapter, closing the fraternity effective immediately. The decision comes several months after the national board initially suspended the chapter’s charter and conducted a membership review that removed around 80 percent of its members. “The Headquarters staff and New Hampshire Alpha alumni and volunteers have invested considerable time and energy to … ensure the success of our chapter at Dartmouth College,” Sig Ep chief executive officer Brian Warren wrote in a statement on Wednesday to the members of Dartmouth’s Sig Ep chapter. “Unfortunately, recent events clearly illustrate that the membership is not committed to living by our values and meeting the Fraternity’s minimum expectations.” College spokesperson Diana Lawrence noted in an email statement that the suspension of Sig Ep’s charter will last until winter 2021, after which the chapter may be granted the possibility of returning to campus. In a statement posted on the chapter’s Facebook page, Sig Ep strategic communications director Andrew Parrish attributed the chapter’s closure to

a string of alcohol-related violations that occurred while the chapter was already on probation. “The chapter’s violations have demonstrated a consistent desire to perpetuate an experience rooted in alcohol,” Parrish’s statement said. In August 2017, Sig Ep National adopted a substance-free policy seeking to ban alcohol and other illicit substances from all chapter houses by 2020. Warren’s statement further cited Sig Ep’s failure to meet guidelines set by the Alumni Advisory Council and Headquarters staff in the months following the membership review as a reason for the chapter’s closure. He noted that over the summer, the Alumni Council and the NH Alpha Alumni and Volunteer Corporation, which owns the chapter’s house, requested additional staff members to support the chapter’s progress on these expectations, but the chapter continued to voice its desire to become a local organization instead. Office of Greek Life director Brian Joyce said that he will not be considering the localization of Sig Ep’s Dartmouth chapter at this time, as the College does not consider requests from chapters not in good standing with their national organizations. Per Sig Ep National’s charter revocation, all current members have been suspended from the fraternity for the remainder of their undergraduate careers, according to Warren’s statement. They will not be permitted to wear apparel bearing the fraternity’s insignia, recruit new members or sponsor or hold

events under Sig Ep’s name. Members still living in the house will be permitted to remain there until the end of the fall term, after which they will be re-assigned College housing. After graduation, Sig Ep members in good standing with the national organization will be eligible for alumni status. The Dartmouth chapter will launch a program to re-focus its policies around maintaining a substance-free facility in an effort to eventually regain its charter, according to the statement on its Facebook page. “Chapter improvement is a priority of the Dartmouth Office of Greek Life,” Lawrence wrote. “We support the national organization’s desire to elevate standards for their chapters, and we look forward to working with the national organization’s leadership and all members of the Dartmouth community to plan for a successful return of the chapter.” According to Lawrence’s email, the AVC is working with the College on a two-year lease agreement for the Sig Ep house located on Webster Avenue. The use of the house is not yet determined at this time, though the College does not plan to house an organization in the facility, Lawrence wrote. Senior chapter services director Paul Andersen and former Dartmouth Sig Ep president David Ringel ’19 did not respond to requests for comment by press time. AVC president John-David “JD” Optekar ’91 Th’92 and vice president of programming Nicholas Weir ’09 declined requests for comment.

The College will hire an external investigator to look into hazing allegations concerning 12 student organizations and the Dimensions performance group, senior associate dean of student affairs Liz Agosto ’01 said on Thursday evening. The Hanover police department is also looking into possible cases of criminal activity. The College’s decision, which was made this week, came after the College received an increased number of reports this term about hazing incidents, including kinds that could threaten the health and safety of students. The organizations include five fraternities, three sororities and co-ed Greek houses, three athletic teams, one student life organization and the Dimensions performance group, which is a student-run organization that performs songs and dances about the College in front of prospective students in the spring. The organizations will be informed whether they are under investigation next week, Agosto said. Fourpresidentsof Greekorganizations confirmed that leaders of Greek houses on campus met with Office of Greek Life director Brian Joyce on Thursday afternoon, when Joyce informed them that the investigation would be taking place. Agosto said that similar meetings will occur later in the week with members of other student organizations. Agosto emphasized that currently, the investigation will be conducted purely for the purpose of fact-finding. If organizations are found guilty of hazing or other infractions, punishments will be determined at a later date, separate from this investigation. “There is not a conversation that is happening right now about the end of Greek life as we know it, or any of those things,” Agosto said. The investigation will consist of interviews with Greek house presidents and, in the case of suspected hazing, new members and new member educators. The decision to hire an external investigator came after many anonymous and official reports were made through the LiveSafe app, which allows students to submit reports to the College; Safety and Security reports; first-hand accounts; and an op-ed briefly published on the Dartmouth Radical’s website, Agosto said. She added that the number of incident

reports submitted during the fall term had increased significantly compared to the past, sparking the investigation. The external investigator will focus on reports that concern a student’s health and safety — specifically forced alcohol consumption and sexualized behavior. Reports of incidents like students wearing “unicorn costumes” will be investigated internally by the College — not by the external investigator. “If we get a report that’s [about seeing] five girls dressed in leotards doing a dance, that doesn’t rise to an issue where we’re concerned about the health and safety of our student organizations,” Agosto said. She noted that while the Dartmouth Radical op-ed was not the impetus of this investigation, the article did provide some of the information taken into consideration. The article, titled “Beyond the Basement: Understanding the relationship between hazing and sexual violence,” was published on Oct. 1 and made specific hazing allegations toward specific fraternities, sororities and the Dimensions program, citing first and second-hand sources anonymously. The article has since been removed, with a note indicating that at least one allegation was determined to be false. WhiletheCollegeisincommunication with a potential external investigator, no formal hire has been made, Agosto said. Information was also shared with the Hanover Police Department. Hanover police chief Charlie Dennis confirmed that the department was looking into the information they had received to determine if criminal activity had taken place. The investigations began about two to three weeks ago, he said. Agosto, the Judicial Affairs Office and the College’s general counsel will work together with the College’s external investigator. Agosto declined to speculate on a timeline for the investigation. Presidents of Greek houses — including sororities, fraternities and gender-inclusive houses — were informed on Tuesday of the meeting with Joyce through an email, which The Dartmouth later obtained. “I need to pull this group together to discuss some on-going safety concerns,” Joyce wrote in the email. “This is an important and timely meeting and attendance is mandatory.” Multiple Greek house leaders confirmed that the Greek Leadership Council has called a president’s meeting on Sunday to further discuss the investigation.

NH Supreme Court rules against SAE Amicus brief highlights tensions in Greek life B y CASSANDRA THOMAS The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on April 12, 2019.

In late March, the New Hampshire Supreme Court delivered a ruling on New Hampshire Alpha of SAE Trust v. The Town of Hanover and the Town of Hanover Zoning Board of Adjustment that largely favored the town. Of the ZBA’s 18 rulings, the Supreme Court affirmed all but one — the lone exception concerning whether or not Sigma Alpha Epsilon itself qualifies as an institution. This component of the case was remanded back to the ZBA for further proceedings, perpetuating the limbo status of the derecognized Greek organization. In March 2016, Dartmouth’s SAE chapter was suspended by its national chapter and ultimately derecognized by the College after hazing allegations that drew national attention. Following the derecognition, the Hanover ZBA issued a termination to SAE that stipulated that the fraternity was no longer operating in conjunction with the College. This termination also prevented SAE from serving as a student residence, a decision that SAE appealed to the ZBA in April 2017. According to Hanover director of planning, zoning and codes Robert Houseman, the ZBA defines an institution as either educational, religious or governmental. SAE must prove that it fits this definition in order to comply with the ZBA’s ordinances. Houseman said that with the New Hampshire Supreme Court’s recent ruling, SAE now has a chance to

submit a new application to change its formal status. The ZBA will decide whether SAE qualifies as an institution, which will determine whether it can legally house students. Houseman described the ZBA as a “five-member, quasi-judicial” entity that hears cases like a jury. “[TheZBAwilldetermine]whether or not the zoning administrator erred in his interpretation … so the court ruling now gives us clarity as to what we need to look at and how we look at it,” Houseman said. Since the Supreme Court did not arrive at a final determination on SAE’s status, the town of Hanover has been unable to enforce ZBA ordinances, according to town manager Julia Griffin. She also pointed out that SAE has violated College policy, but the College has failed to enforce consequences or keep students from living in the fraternity. While the town fully believes that SAE is currently housing students unlawfully, the current status of the case means that limited options exist to resolve the issue, Griffin said. For now, the only instances in which the town of Hanover can interact with the fraternity are when the fire or police departments are needed, according to Griffin. She added that SAE still has the right to function as a “place of assembly” until the determination of its status. “We’re staved from enforcing the ZBA ordinances because this issue is still an upending legal matter,” Griffin said. “So, there they sit, and here we sit, waiting for the legal discussions to play out in the courtroom.” Attorney Laura Spector-Morgan represented the town of Hanover before the New Hampshire Supreme Court. She said that she approached

the case using precedents set by a similar situation involving the Alpha Delta fraternity in 2017. AD was derecognized by the College in April 2015. Spector-Morgan pointed out that, in spite of the fraternity’s derecognition, in some ways SAE has more autonomy now than it did when it was recognized by the College. “There’s no oversight at this point over the fraternity members or what happens at the house,” SpectorMorgan said. “That’s a concern for the College and for the town, from a health and safety point of view.” Interim director of Safety and Security Keysi Montás echoed these sentiments. In an email statement, he said that Safety and Security no longer has jurisdiction over SAE, and any issues that arise there must be referred to local authorities. Going forward, Spector-Morgan outlined a few possibilities for the case. If the ZBA finds that SAE is not an institution, residential use of the property must cease; however, SAE will most likely appeal that decision, she said. If the ZBA finds that SAE is an institution and determines that the property is being used for institutional purposes, residency in the fraternity could continue. Ultimately, it is now up to SAE to file an application with the ZBA, according to Houseman. “If they wish to make a change — to convert to something that conforms to our regulations and come into compliance — they can submit an application to do so and start afresh,” Houseman said. “I can’t speak for SAE, but clearly, they’re evaluating their options and making decisions. But at this time, the process is still unfolding.”


The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on April 23, 2019. Last month, the New Hampshire Supreme Court largely ruled in favor of Hanover in the case of New Hampshire Alpha of SAE Trust v. Town of Hanover. As part of that case, in April 2018, three Dartmouth fraternal organizations — Phi Delta Alpha Corporation, Zeta Association of Psi Upsilon and Trustees of Alpha Omega Chapter of Beta Theta Pi Fraternity — filed an amicus brief arguing that the town of Hanover unlawfully delegates governmental authority to the College, an abutter who may have a vested interest in obtaining Sigma Alpha Epsilon’s property. The Court’s ruling addressed this concern, but the existence of the amicus brief highlights a campus climate in which tensions remain high between the College administration and Greek organizations affected by the ruling. In the March ruling, the Court remanded back to the Hanover Zoning Board Association the decision as to whether SAE itself qualifies as an institution. According to Hanover director of planning, zoning and codes Robert Houseman, the ZBA defines an institution as either educational, religious or governmental. If the ZBA determines that SAE is an institution, the chapter house will no longer violate the town’s Amended Zoning Ordinance, which requires student residences to “[operate] in conjunction with another institutional

use.” Despite the ruling, the pending case and amicus brief highlight prevailing issues regarding the relationship between fraternities and the College. Since 2015, Dartmouth has revoked its recognition of two private fraternal organizations — Alpha Delta and SAE — and witnessed the charter revocation of Sigma Phi Epsilon. The departure of these houses “[has] raised fears of a campaign against fraternity culture,” according to a 2017 Valley News article. As discussed in the amicus brief, many affiliated students operate under the belief that their property rights exist “at the whim of Dartmouth’s unilateral and discretionary decision-making.” On Feb. 5, 2016, Dartmouth revoked its recognition of SAE after the national charter of the Dartmouth chapter was suspended. A week later, the Hanover ZBA notified the SAE Trust that the chapter house was in violation of the town ordinance. The ZBA further stipulated that SAE must discontinue use of the chapter house or pay daily fines. SAE appealed to the ZBA — the beginning of a long string of appeal cases, each of which favored Hanover on almost all accounts. Eventually, the case reached the New Hampshire Supreme Court, where the 2018 amicus brief was filed. An amicus brief is a legal document filed by a non-litigant — the amicus curiae — that provides information relevant to the pending case. Attorney Sean Callan ’90, who represented the amici curiae in development and filing of the brief, said the Latin term SEE AMICUS BRIEF PAGE 13










Mirror The Mirror, The Dartmouth’s weekly campus culture magazine, produces a wide variety of creative content — ranging from personal reflections to long-form investigative pieces. Below are two reflection pieces: one from a staff writer of The Dartmouth and the other a TTLG — “Through the Looking Glass” — from a member of the Class of 2019.

Confessions of a parttime extrovert B y SARAH ALPERT

The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on May 1, 2019. Until recently, I didn’t think it was possible to get sunburned in April ... at least, not in New Hampshire. On one of the first (and few) beautiful days we’ve had this term, I sat outside on the Green for over six hours, doing nothing at all but chatting and people-watching. By the end of the day, my back was striped red where my tank top wasn’t, because in my mind, sunscreen is for beach days in July when the heat is so strong that we pale folk just know we’re going to burn. In the summer, we prepare accordingly. But on that day, I looked around and wondered if I actually was on the beach. With frisbees flying in 10 directions, Spike Ball nets on every quadrant and blankets spread for girls in dresses, the Green became a college paradise. Just like on the beach, everyone was happy simply to be outside, to coexist under the sun. You can’t even think about doing homework on a Saturday like that. In my opinion, there is something particularly magical about lounging on the grass and seeing countless familiar faces pass by on their way to KAF, or friends from class and Trips and your first-year floor all kicking a ball around together. Dartmouth feels most like home to me when everyone crawls out of the woodwork (aka the library) and gravitates toward the same, central space. Part of my joy on these sunny days, I have to admit, comes from the strange intoxication of being “facetimey.” Dartmouth slang for students who stop and chat with endless acquaintances around campus, the word “facetimey” seems to get a bad reputation. Personally, I thought I’d never even know enough people at Dartmouth to be facetimey. I was quiet in high school, and my circle remained small for most of freshman year. But after joining new programs and organizations as a sophomore, the number of people I know on campus grew rapidly. Some people might consider being facetimey a sign of superficiality — a hollow habit of waving, reciting a lackluster “How’s your term going?” — but for me, it has become a way of feeling secure at Dartmouth. The more people I know, the more I feel like I belong here. On the Green, I love running between different groups of friends, seeing what everyone is up to and laughing about whatever nonsense happened last night. With the Dartmouth community spread all around me, picnicking and halfheartedly picking at their textbooks, I

feel bubbly and chatty and happy to be alive. That’s extroverted me. Other times, I could contentedly lie on the grass in silence for hours, with nothing to look at but the clouds. Some weeks, I go days without getting a meal with friends or spending time with other people. One day I’ll smile and wave to every acquaintance I pass on the sidewalk; the next I’ll hide behind my coffee mug and grab shameless solo meals at Collis. I crave alone time like my life depends on it, and sometimes this leads to conflict: Should I go to that group dinner or get a salad and continue my reading in peace? I often can’t say which choice would make me happier. It took me a long time to figure out that these sudden swings from introvert to extrovert, social butterfly to hermit, are normal — or at least okay. But for some reason, no matter how comfortable I feel when I’m alone in my own head, I still feel guilty saying “no” to various activities. It always seems wrong to step back from the center of the scene, even if I know my FOMO (fear of missing out) is silly. Maybe this is just what happens when a social introvert meets Dartmouth College. It’s pretty clear that Dartmouth culture favors extroverts. The most visible people on this campus — club or Greek house executives, performers, partiers and Trip leaders — tend to seem like the most successful, or at least the most enviable. The “ideal” Dartmouth student is supposed to do everything and know everyone, yet also have a killer GPA. And to be honest, as an underclassman, I’ve found this ideal irresistible. Becoming more facetimey has been a way for me to confirm that I belong in different communities, to feel included and to stave off anonymity. If you can be someone here, then that’s a d— good guarantee that you can be someone in the world. And to be someone, my FOMO whispers, you have to be social — you have to smile and wave even when you most crave solitude. People might think you’re too facetimey, but they respect you for being present and involved. I already know that when I look back on my Dartmouth experience, spring days on the Green will be among my favorite memories. Surrounding myself with friends makes me happy to be alive, and it also reminds me that by being extroverted and actively participating in different parts of Dartmouth, I can learn and grow the most. Even if the person I’m striving to be isn’t entirely real, joining new clubs, meeting new people and — most terrifyingly — exposing my thoughts in Mirror articles have been the most formative parts of my time here so

TTLG: To Love Dartmouth at a Distance


This column was originally published on May 8, 2019. Over the past four years, I have seen Dartmouth up close. My time here has been marked by those extra, most-Dartmouth-y experiences like Dimensions, a study abroad term and Greek rush. I sought these experiences because I loved Dartmouth and wanted the hyper-normative status that these experiences denote. First Year Trips has been the most “Dartmouth” of all my experiences. My love for Trips, nostalgia and a genuine belief that I could positively impact the Class of 2022 motivated me to apply and then volunteer with Lodj Croo. Undoubtedly, the two-and-a-half-week period I spent at Moosilauke Ravine Lodge was one of the most intense and visceral experiences of my life, during which I sweat, cried and bled for Dartmouth. We cooked, cleaned and danced to the Lodj’s near-constant music, the medley of tunes everyone knows. When I returned to campus for fall term, I was exhausted but buzzing with traces of Lodj energy and anticipation for senior year. As my friends also made their way back to campus, I went to a Greek house to play a game of pong, like I had done so many times before. Sitting on the side waiting for my turn, I noticed a stream of people entering the basement after an a cappella showcase, suddenly crowding the space around me. A cheer erupted because someone on AUX played Cascada’s “Everytime We Touch.” I let out a half-hearted groan but still rose to my feet to belt the words I knew so well, followed by, far. I’ve tried being the student who talks in class and jumps at every opportunity, and most of the time, this extroversion feels right. But even if I love the beachy feeling that enlivens campus each spring — even if I cherish greeting people as I tread the well-worn paths of the Green — my most peaceful moment at Dartmouth happened when I was alone on Occom Pond in February. In the middle of reading period, I laced up my skates and spun around the pond at sunset. After a long, stressful term, it felt stunningly fresh to be alone in the cold, etching clumsy ovals into the ice. What a shame it would be if Dartmouth made me forget how wonderful it is to be alone. Dartmouth might pull us in a thousand different directions, but sometimes it’s best to let the world wash over you, without always waving back.

1819 Supreme Court case proved consequential in American history FROM WEBSTER PAGE 6

implications than for simply one school or eleemosynary corporation. “It is, in some sense, the case of every man among us who has property of which he may be stripped, for the question is simply this: ‘Shall our state legislatures be allowed to take that which is not their own, to turn it from its original use, and apply it to such ends and purposes as they in their discretion shall see fit?’” Katyal, quoting Webster, asked rhetorically. “It is, sir, as I have said, a small college.

And yet there are those who love it.” In an interview with The Dartmouth after the event, Bassett said that he appreciated the modernized format of the re-argument. “I don’t think I’d want to be a judge back in the 1800s,” he said. “The fun of it is asking questions.” Arizona State University political science professor Paul Carrese P’19, whose son is currently taking the Daniel Webster College Case class, said he attended the event out of professional interest and to see how historical reenactment is performed. “It was very special … because so

many Dartmouth College graduates are in the elite bar in the United States and in the Supreme Court,” Carrese said, adding that he thought it was a wonderful opportunity for the students taking the class to view the reenactment in Washington D.C. with Roberts. In an interview with The Dartmouth, Hanlon also commented on the distinguished nature of the alumni who took part in the event. “The sense of history is awesome, that Dartmouth played such an influential role in the development of our nation,” he said.

of course, the dancing. I rose my arms up to the left, then to the right, but all of a sudden, I couldn’t. My body went slack, my vision blurred and the lyrics I sang became whispers into silence. I ran upstairs into the kitchen and sat in a ball against the far wall rocking to myself, but I could still hear the music and feel those beats ringing in my ears. I bolted out the front door and ran across the Green until I reached my favorite bench by Rollins Chapel, hoping that my escape was invisible to others in the night. I curled up on the bench. The music had stopped, but I felt like I was spinning, unable to catch my breath. I felt alone. The accumulated exhaustion and stress from Lodj Croo, as well as my own personal struggles, had transformed a core memory of my Dartmouth experience into a trigger for my first panic attack. What happens when the music stops? What happens when Dartmouth isn’t the joy-filled, “doing fine” experience that we are promised and often buy into? This is not to say that Trips is harmful to Dartmouth — in fact, I believe it is the most important and most necessary way to improve Dartmouth’s future. This is to say that Dartmouth as an institution, as a pervasive culture, can have the potential to harm. To remain so close to Dartmouth is to touch the fire and be consumed. This was not my first experience feeling harmed by Dartmouth. Each week that I practiced with Dimensions, I wanted to leave its insane social pressures. My English Foreign Study Program was my most lonely (and expensive) term of college. And the Greek system — where to begin? It permits students to abuse substances as coping mechanisms and fosters harmful expressions of masculinity, which includes — but is not limited to — sheltering perpetrators of sexual violence. I admit that I have benefited from this institution and, at times, promoted an image of Dartmouth-ness. It was not until my sophomore summer that I distanced myself from my affiliation. Hearing harmful remarks at the annual Voices of Summer performance made by a member of my own fraternity forced me to confront the double standard I held: that my “nice guy” house — that I — perpetuated the violence of the Greek system. What happens when the music stops? What happens when you recognize that normative Dartmouth is harmful to you or severely violent toward your community? Perhaps the realization is set off by a failed test, a sexist and racist op-ed,

misogynistic acts of vandalism or public demonstrations of racism, all of which have occurred in my past four years. Or maybe it is set off by the gross failure of the College and the Dartmouth community to support survivors of sexual violence and prevent harm against its students. It is no wonder why so many Dartmouth students become jaded, disillusioned from the promises of good or of change. Perhaps then, I am foolish for continuing to want something more from Dartmouth, for daring to hope that there might be good and change in Dartmouth’s future. Back at the bench, heart pounding and chest balled into a massive beating fist, I called my best friend Matt, praying that he would pick up. He did, he listened and he calmed me through my panic attack. My friends are why I have hope. Because in the midst of the trauma and violence, and in the midst of all the academic, career and social pressures of Dartmouth, there is always some light to save me. When the music stops, my best friend picks up the phone. When the music stops, my friends and communities catch me and challenge me to do the same for others. I would not be who I am today if it weren’t for the people who dedicated the time and energy to educate me. Now, when the music stops for someone else, I ask myself, how can I support them? How can I create a community that is safe and inclusive? To love Dartmouth at a distance is not to remove one’s self from the experiences like those mentioned above. To love Dartmouth at a distance is to view Dartmouth with greater perspective, in the hopes that with a wider lens, we might listen to critiques, empathize with experiences unlike our own and then take action. To choose inaction or deny that these issues exist is to be complicit in the pain of our Dartmouth peers. The burden of changing Dartmouth should not be left to those harmed by it. Instead, we who have access to the mainstream of Dartmouth have the most power to improve the institution. We must confront its faults in order to protect and cherish that which we love about the College, including its community. For the new and future students of Dartmouth, I welcome you. I hope that my experience is useful to you, that you allow yourself to feel angry and frustrated at Dartmouth’s failures and choose to act when those in your community are harmed. And when the music stops, I hope you know that there are people here working to make Dartmouth better, dancing to our own beat.

Amici curae assert College had unlawful authority FROM AMICUS BRIEF PAGE 10

“amicus curiae” translates to “friend of the court.” “Other parties, who contend that the result or outcome of a particular case will impact them, are permitted to file a ‘friend of the court’ brief,” Callan said. “[Phi Delta Alpha, Psi Upsilon and Beta Alpha Omega] house corporations were interested in the outcome of this case because they are houses subject to the same zoning ordinance as SAE.” The amici curiae asserted the College’s unrestricted de-recognition authority amounts to an unlawful delegation of governmental authority. The brief cited the Dartmouth Corp. of Alpha Delta v. Town of Hanover case, in which the Court construed the ordinance to require that a fraternity “have some union, association or combination with the College.” In other words, a student residence must operate in conjunction with the College to remain in compliance with the ordinance. The amici curiae stated that once Dartmouth revokes its recognition of a fraternity, the chapter house no longer fulfills this provision. Absent procedural protections, Dartmouth’s de-recognition authority allows the College to make conclusive determinations about property owned by private fraternal organizations. Furthermore, the amici curiae argued that the College’s de-recognition of SAE was “at best arbitrary, and at worst, part of a premeditated plan to acquire the [chapter house].” The brief also stated that the current delegation of power violates U.S. and New Hampshire Supreme Court precedent. The New Hampshire Supreme Court responded that de-recognition is not the “sole determinant” in assessing

compliance with the Ordinance. Instead, private fraternal organizations must prove that they broadly “operate in conjunction with an institution.” “This case doesn’t fully cede zoning authority to the College because the [phrase] ‘operates in conjunction with another institutional use’ could mean more than just recognition,” Callan said. “The court followed that intellectual pathway to avoid answering whether this was an unlawful delegation of governmental authority.” Attorney Laura Spector-Morgan, who represented the town of Hanover before the New Hampshire Supreme Court, said recognition tends to indicate “conjunction.” “Conjunction must be demonstrated by the fraternity, and is usually demonstrated by recognition by the College,” Spector-Morgan said. “Neither the [ZBA] nor the courts have defined what other facts may be presented to demonstrate conjunction.” Some affiliated students do not believe the current administration threatens the institution of Greek life at Dartmouth. “I think there are tense feelings between the administration and other Greek houses,” Eric Forehand ’21 said. “But I don’t think [those feelings] will crumble the institution of Greek life on campus.” He continued that many of College President Phil Hanlon’s reforms, including the creation of alternative social spaces, have not gained traction. “If the administration really wanted to [end Greek culture on campus], they would have taken more drastic measures by now,” Forehand added. “I don’t see Greek social culture ending anytime soon.”




Arts at Dartmouth Despite being located far from a major metropolitan area, Dartmouth maintains a vibrant arts scene for students and community members. The centerpiece of arts at Dartmouth are the Hopkins Center and the Hood Museum, which re-opened this year after undergoing extensive renovations. Hood offers Dartmouth students a first-hand look at impressive works of art.

Hood Museum of Art aims to be more than just galleries B y Courtney McKee The Dartmouth Staff

This article was originally published on Jan. 25, 2019. The Hood Museum of Art will have its grand reopening this upcoming Saturday. After dramatic renovations began in 2016, the museum will open its doors to the public to reveal a building transformed by the work of Billie Tsien and Tod Williams, the architects in charge of the project. According to the Hood’s campus engagement coordinator Isadora Italia, with the museum’s increase in size, it is hoped that the influence of the Hood on the Dartmouth community will grow commensurately. Deputy director of the Hood Juliette Bianco said that there were extensive expansions to the museum. In addition to increasing the number of galleries from 10 to 16, they have added the Bernstein Center for Object Study for Dartmouth classes and a spacious 2,500 square foot atrium with spaces for students to study and relax. The atrium, connected via walkway to the Hopkins Center for the Arts, is at both the architectural and conceptual heart of the new Hood. With the same opening hours as the Courtyard Café, the atrium will remain open even as the galleries are closed, providing students with an additional area to sit, study, read or eat. As such, the Hood will not only operate as an art gallery, but as another hub for activities on campus, beginning with the student “after hours takeover” opening party on Jan. 31. Complete with food, live music and a photo booth, the party will inaugurate the Hood as Dartmouth’s newest alternative social space. “We wanted students to be officially welcomed into the space to make it a social and lively opening for undergraduates and graduates,” Italia said. “My position [at the College] is to get out to campus, understand what topics and issues students are discussing and what the students want to see.” Meeting the needs of the

Dartmouth community seemed to be the impetus behind the renovations from the very beginning. “Dartmouth didn’t have a museum until 1985, so when it was built, it was not configured in a way that allowed teaching in every department across campus,” Bianco said. “Until we had the [Hood] museum, we didn’t realize how valuable it would be.” As the Hood’s utility grew, so too did the shortcomings of the original design. Thus, the museum was remade to accommodate Dartmouth courses, community events, K-12 classes and other such activities for which the old building was not suitable. However, the renovations were not without their fair share of difficulties. “The biggest challenge was fitting everything we wanted to do into a relatively small space for expansion,” Bianco said. “It required a lot of cooperation amongst the Hood staff. But, in the end, the challenge wound up being the greatest joy because we did so much great thinking together about how we could make the space work for our needs.” Still, much of the for mer architecture of the Hood is preserved. The Lebanon Street entrance of the museum retains the facade of the original Hood. The nine galleries of the back end were rebuilt to match the old specifications, while the seven newly designed galleries sit nearer to the Green. “We combined the original and expanded parts of the building to create a seamlessness inside, so you feel like you’re in the Hood Museum of Art, and not two different buildings,” Bianco said. Like the architecture of the building, the exhibitions were also given careful attention. The opening exhibits display the Hood’s permanent collection. However, rather than the European art collection comprising the central gallery space, the Native American and African art collections are placed at the forefront. “Art is a great way to understand others’ perspectives, the world around you and different cultures,”


The Hood Museum of Art re-opened this year after undergoing renovations.

Italia said. “We have so many treasures here in our collection, and so we’re trying to make it accessible to students.” Dartmouth students expressed their excitement at the Hood’s diverse collection. “The collection is much bigger than I had thought,” said Claudia Bernstein ’21, an art history student. “They have a huge Aboriginal art collection, which is really cool.”

Another student was happy to have more room for activities on Dartmouth’s modestly-sized campus. “I am excited for another study location in that area of campus. It will be a fun space to go to when I have free time,” said Honora Verdone ’20. Overall, the new Hood will not just be a gallery but an important addition to campus, fostering

intellectual, cross-cultural and social engagement. “Encountering objects in a museum can change one’s interaction with the world and other people,” Bianco said. “I hope it becomes a place that’s really valued for being a welcoming and vibrant part of campus life.” Ber nstein is a member of T he Dartmouth Staff.

Students walked around bonfire FROM BONFIRE SAFETY PAGE 3

able to continue in future years, citing changes in traffic flow in Hanover as the only change anticipated for next year. Hercod added that the goal for next year will be to “keep as much of the tradition as possible, but evolve where we need to.” “I know there was disappointment about not being able to run the laps and I understand that, but I also think it was the old way — and no

bonfire — or the new way and the continuation of the bonfire,” Hercod said. Gab Smith ’22 said that while she was glad the fire got to happen at all, she wished she and her classmates had been able to run laps around the fire. “[There was an] initial sense of awe seeing the fire and approaching it,” Alana McClements ’22 said. McClements noted, however, that this initial excitement quickly wore off as students walked, as opposed to ran, around the fire.

Jacob Dell ’22 and three friends completed 122 laps around the bonfire by running outside the fenced area. “We decided that we would find a way to make the tradition happen, even if it wasn’t in the way that it typically occurs,” Dell said, adding that running all 122 laps took over two hours. Griffin said that running around the fire may have been a part of the Homecoming tradition, but it was not “a safe part of the tradition.”

Changes to bonfire not unusual over its history FROM BONFIRE HISTORY PAGE 3

While Sam Selleck ’22 said he was disheartened by the limitations on running around the fire, he is optimistic that this event will be a unifying event for his class. “Twenty-two laps around the fire wouldn’t be the defining event,” he said. “Just being able to run around with my class is what makes it for me.” Bascomb said that the tradition will still be about “great people, a great place and great fun.” Associate dean for student life Eric Ramsey said he believes the Dartmouth spirit of Homecoming means something different to every person on campus. “The Dartmouth spirit is really about this wonderful sense of place in the northern woods surrounded by the

natural landscape around us,” he said. “It is the continuity of the College through multi generations. There is a deep pride in the various student experiences, student athletes and academic organizations.” It is clear that the bonfire tradition will continue to grow and change. However, to most, this tradition is not about the bonfire, or the parade, or the speeches. It is about celebrating the Dartmouth spirit with classmates and alumni. As Allison Lynn ’91 wrote in The Dartmouth in 1988, “the changes which may, as some claim, have created a new Dartmouth, have in no way killed the old one. The administration can make changes, but if the students continue to perceive the school as the family and environment that it is cracked up to be, these changes won’t be allowed to alter Dartmouth’s core.”




Opinion: Dartmouth and college admissions As one of the most selective institutions of higher learning in the United States, Dartmouth continually grapples with questions around the admissions process. To what extent should standardized tests play a role? Is legacy admissions fair to non-legacy applicants? With the major college admissions cheating scandal that was revealed earlier this year, Dartmouth and institutions like it will continue to face such questions. Below is a sampling of columns from The Dartmouth Opinion section on various topics under the theme of college admissions.



In Defense of Testing

End Legacy Admissions

College entrance exams can be fair if they are reformed. This column was originally published on Oct. 4, 2018. Like many high school students, I too hated taking the ACT. Even after I was accepted into Dartmouth, I felt bummed out that my score was not in the top quartile like the scores of some of my other classmates. I assumed that this indicated I had an inherent disadvantage, destined to have a dismal college transcript follow me around after graduation. Yet two years later, I can say that this will probably not be the case. I barely think about those scores now, nor do I think that they were very telling. Indeed, some of the other college students I have talked to about this issue are in agreement that these tests are inaccurate at predicting college success. Of course, standardized tests receive scorn for other reasons. Perhaps the most salient are the welldocumented demographic biases that correlate to tests like the ACT. Whites, Asian-Americans and the highly affluent typically outscore their black, brown and low-income peers. Testing is expensive, and those who can afford to retake them multiple times, buy prep materials and hire tutors can gain higher scores. Meanwhile, other students who could perform just as well on these tests may simply lack the adequate resources. Author Peter Sacks wrote one of the earliest and most comprehensive cases undermining these tests’ legitimacy. His book “Standardized Minds: The High Price of America’s Testing Culture and What We Can Do to Change It” indicts the tests from multiple levels of analysis, from how they undermine the confidence of students who don’t perform as well to how they test for skills like memory or logical reasoning, but fail to measure other key aptitudes like creativity and imagination. One does not have to exhaust the entire body of research on standardized tests to form a convincing indictment of them. That’s why I was surprised this past weekend when I came across Nicholas Bartlett’s column “Legitimacy Lost,” in which he argues that colleges should keep standardized tests as an integral part of the college admissions process. Bartlett rightly acknowledges the tests’ shortcomings: “Judging an individual’s intellectual self-worth based upon their performance on one little test rings as cruel as it does disingenuous.” Yet to my surprise, he continues to launch into a defense of testing in the status quo. He says they can be facilitators of “social mobility” for underrepresented groups. For those who attend schools with few “resume padding” opportunities, such as extracurricular activities, strong ACT and SAT scores can help the star student shine even brighter in college applications. In fact, test scores may be the only way for some to even stand a chance

in the admissions rat race. I initially dismissed Bartlett’s article as obtuse polemic with little grounding in any research. However, after some re-reading and re-thinking, there is in fact some merit to his central claim. Originally, “intelligence tests,” similar in format to the college entrance exams of today, were used to identify children with serious academic talent who would have been otherwise overlooked for school acceptance. In the early 1900s, Alfred Binet, a French psychologist, developed the first “IQ” tests. The French government at the time passed laws requiring all French children to attend school. But some students experienced difficulty learning new things and therefore would need extra assistance. These first IQ tests designed by Binet helped to identify those students’ needs for success in the classroom. Binet, critically, was careful to assert that IQ test results cannot be taken alone, and that they must be balanced against background factors unique to a child that could impact their results. IQ tests and the modern-day college entrance exams are not quite the same. But Sacks points out that their creation stems from an all-too-familiar desire to use a single metric to assume an awful lot about ability. While Sacks seems to think that abolishing the SAT altogether would be a wonderful idea, I find myself agreeing more with Bartlett — that in the real world, such a move would make it difficult for those who have limited options to impress a college admissions committee. So-called “small-town prodigies” need the high scores on tests because there may not be clubs to co-chair or varsity teams to captain otherwise. Where I may add one qualification to Bartlett’s argument, though, is that the current system is far from perfect. The underprivileged prodigal student who performs above average on these tests is exceptional and rare. For the majority, tests need to be designed to measure different aptitudes that don’t solely reward memorization and a strong understanding of how the test itself works. The SAT writing sample is a good start, as it allows for a showcase of a student’s writing prowess, but more must be done. In addition, current efforts to waive testing costs for low-income students should continue, as well as after-school programs that offer free test preparation. If the SAT and ACT are here to stay, then at the very least College Board ought to expand its efforts to make it more accessible and affordable. It should measure the student more holistically and prize more than only a few attributes. Nonetheless, some people will still remain “bad test takers.” Not every student will do amazing, but every student at least deserves a fair shot.

Legacy admissions is the status quo. It needs to end. This editorial was originally published on April 5, 2019.

the application process, those policies at least aim to right historical wrongs. Legacy admissions, by contrast, does not even What factors should colleges consider pretend to make up for inequalities. Instead, when admitting applicants? About 90 percent it undermines meritocracy and perpetuates of Americans believe high school grades and intergenerational holdings of wealth and standardized test scores should be a factor power. in college admissions decisions. Outside of Though Dartmouth might rationalize academic accomplishments, many Americans legacy admissions as a fundraising mechanism believe that athletic ability, community for its endowment, other elite schools like service involvement and being the first in MIT, Caltech and UC Berkeley operate one’s family to attend college should be well without legacy preferences. Perhaps considered by admissions committees. What Dartmouth’s insistence of legacy preference few Americans support, however, is favoring is less a financial issue, and more a reluctance applicants whose parents attended that same to let the old traditions — in this case, college. So-called legacy admissions receives traditions of entitlement and inequity either major or minor — fail. Current dean of support from 32 percent admissions and financial of Americans, but only “Dartmouth’s aid Lee Coffin admitted as eight percent support the traditions set it apart much in an interview with use of legacy as a major the Dartmouth Alumni from other schools, factor. Magazine, claiming legacy It is easy to understand and the College is preferences lock in alumni’s why public support for right to prioritize “indelible connection to this legacy admissions is so campus.” low. Legacy students tend the community of Dartmouth’s traditions set to be wealthier and less Dartmouth alumni. But it apart from other schools, diverse than the general and the College is right to p o o l o f a p p l i c a n t s. part of Dartmouth’s prioritize the community U n s u r p r i s i n g l y , duty to both students of Dartmouth alumni. But students from affluent and alumni is to part of Dartmouth’s duty to h o u s e h o l d s p e r fo r m both students and alumni is b e t t e r a c a d e m i c a l l y constantly better to constantly better itself. and can participate in itself.” Many traditions deserve more extracurriculars preservation, but some than their middle and do not. Scrapping legacy lower-income peers. But admissions practices would the unearned advantages don’t stop there. not destroy the alumni community, and one As of 2011, legacy status at Dartmouth would think that the sons and daughters grants applicants a roughly 250 percent of Dartmouth would continue to give higher likelihood of admission compared generously to the College even in the absence to the general applicant pool. This legacy of legacy preferences. If alumni loved their preference is blatantly unfair, and it needs time at Dartmouth, they should certainly to end, starting at Dartmouth. still encourage their children to apply and The Ivy League still stands as a bastion of gain acceptance based not on family name, financial and social elitism. That image has but on their own merit. As the admissions lessened in recent years, but legacy admissions scandal shakes people’s faith in universities remains as a conspicuous holdover. While and competition for a select few spots reaches parental wealth might influence good grades record highs, Dartmouth has an opportunity and athletic ability, both of those things still to act as a leader among colleges. It’s time require student effort, making them justifiable that Dartmouth abandon legacy preference grounds for merit-based acceptance. Legacy in admissions, level the playing field and status, by contrast, is purely inherited, and finally begin to value merit over money. it heavily biases toward wealthy, advantaged applicants. Whatever one’s views on raceThe editorial board consists of opinion staff based affirmative action policies, which columnists, the opinion editors, the executive editor give minority students an advantage in and the editor-in-chief.



College Scandal Culpability

Preference for Privilege

Colleges need to stop fueling the admissions craze.

This column was originally published on April 5, 2019.

byproduct of colleges’ search for the most brilliant students. But the truth is that colleges encourage more people to apply by I wasn’t at all surprised by the recent college using aggressive marketing and recruiting admissions scandal. The news struck close schemes. Each year, students with varying to home since I’m from Hillsborough, CA, GPAs and other credentials receive floods of a town in which multiple parents implicated brochures from colleges encouraging them in the scandal reside. The scandal shouldn’t to apply. Why? Because perceived selectivity be that surprising to anyone. Look at college drives up alumni donations and generates admissions from a funds through admissions fees. business standpoint: acceptance rates don’t “While Dartmouth was But If a desired good tell the full story to potential — in this case, a not implicated in the applicants. They may appear degree from an elite recent scandal, it is to be necessarily correlated university — is hard with the quality of education a t o o b t a i n , b l a c k guilty of emphasizing given institution provides, even markets arise for selectivity in the though it is emphatically not. consumers to gain Instead of focusing on admissions process.” access. numbers, colleges should focus So instead of on the education and resources condemning the they provide to the students who parents in this scheme who are guilty of are actually admitted. There are plenty of bribery and fraud, as the media has been other issues colleges should be addressing. For doing, one should question why acceptance instance, one thing that is not talked about into universities is so hard to obtain in the as much are the lives of students after they first place. The selectivity issue is largely achieve acceptance into the college of their colleges’ fault. By emphasizing selectivity, dreams. Look at the mental health crises on colleges portray the education they offer college campuses. According to the American as a rare good when College Health Association, “40 it really shouldn’t percent of undergraduates have be, enticing wealthy “These colleges would felt so depressed within the past parents to obtain an want one to believe 12 months that it was difficult elite degree for their for them to function.” And that lower acceptance the highly selective schools in children. While Dartmouth rates are only a the Ivy League are especially was not implicated in behind on these issues. A byproduct of colleges’ lagging the recent scandal, it is 2018 report from the Ruderman guilty of emphasizing search for the most Family Foundation awarded selec ti v i ty i n th e brilliant students. each Ivy League school a grade admissions process. of “D+” or lower for their leave This year, 23,650 But the truth is that of absence policies. Dartmouth s t u d e n t s a p p l i e d colleges encourage received a “F.” to Dartmouth, It is time that colleges stop more people to apply d e c r e a s i n g focusing on acceptance rates D a r t m o u t h ’ s using aggressive and start improving the lives a c c e p t a n c e r a t e marketing and of their students once they’re from 8.7 percent to accepted. While people attend a mere 7.9 percent. recruiting schemes.” college for a variety of reasons, Other elite colleges the purpose of college is to have followed the provide high-quality education same trend; for instance, out of the 43,330 to promising young people, equipping them candidates who applied to Harvard this year, with the skills and knowledge necessary to only 4.5 percent were accepted. solve the problems of a changing world. With These colleges would want one to believe the current nature of the admissions system that lower acceptance rates are only a though, colleges are missing the mark.

Campus culture at Dartmouth favors students from elite backgrounds. This column was originally published on April 9, 2019.

development — opportunities less accessible to students from less affluent backgrounds. Advantages for privileged students don’t The recent college admissions scandal just manifest themselves in the classroom. has focused national attention on college Some social scenes around campus are admissions processes inhospitable to students from at elite institutions. marginalized backgrounds. However, only some “At Dartmouth, Examples include varsity o f t h e s e a c c o u n t s systemic preference and competitive club sports considered the teams and Greek houses. inf luence of social for students T he application process inequalities on students’ from privileged for many of these groups experiences after is much more favorable to backgrounds forms admission. Especially those who had the luxury at elite colleges, social an integral aspect of of cultivating much-needed inequality between student life. From the social skills prior to coming students runs deep, to Dartmouth. unfairly disadvantaging moment students Academic and social s o m e s t u d e n t s . arrive on campus, structures at Dartmouth These inequalities have created a campus culture they hear reminders can ef fectively bar that favors children of the d i s a d v a n t a g e d of the remarkable elite. Even though they may students from the same concentration of have exemplary intellect, opportunities that their marginalized students start privileged peers enjoy. excellence here at the their college careers without A t D a r t m o u t h , Big Green.” the same preparation of systemic preference for their affluent peers. Some students from privileged marginalized students work backgrounds forms an multiple jobs on campus to integral aspect of student life. From the pay for school or basic necessities, forcing moment students arrive on campus, they hear them not to participate in extracurricular reminders of the remarkable concentration activities. Oftentimes, these students do not of excellence here at the Big Green. have the luxury of working in a research During New Student Orientation each fall, lab or putting in a few hours a week as an incoming freshmen and officer in a club. Even when transfer students listen marginalized students do as speakers describe “Academic and manage to make their way how each student’s social structures at into the realms of clubs distinction in school, and other activities, the c o m mu n i t y s e r v i c e Dartmouth have opportunity costs associated and extracurricular created a campus with doing extracurricular activities led to their activities can be burdensome. culture that favors selection from a These everyday realities competitive pool of children of the elite.” underscore the role that applicants. privilege plays in a students’ Yet students do not experience at Dartmouth. For arrive at even playing field when they come those who benefit from their privilege, these to Dartmouth. Those who attended top social and academic structures may seem high schools and took AP and IB exams, for ordinary. Yet, for those who most acutely instance, can sometimes bypass prerequisites feel their bias, these structures serve as a for some classes, affording them entry daily reminder of exclusion. Paradoxically, into upper-level classes that are harder for the very institution that should provide other students to attain. In doing so, these a path towards socioeconomic mobility advantaged students gain immediate access preemptively disadvantages the students who to opportunities that benefit their intellectual need it the most.





The D Sports Awards 2018-19: Athletes of the Year rookie of the Year B y Justin Kramer

The Dartmouth Senior Staff

This article was originally published on May 24, 2019. At the end of each academic year, The Dartmouth’s sports section puts up players to be voted upon by the student body as the best of the best. In this year’s The D Sports Awards, five of the top rookies, five of the top female athletes and five of the top male athletes at Dartmouth were pitted against each other. The winners emerged after 481 popular votes were cast by members of the Dartmouth community. The D is happy to announce Emily Henrich, Tanguy Nef and Kierra Sweeney as the winners of this year’s awards.

Emily Henrich ’22 of the women’s rugby team is The Dartmouth’s Rookie of the Year. After recently winning the MA Sorensen Award as the top player in all of collegiate women’s rugby, Henrich capitalized on her momentum to receive recognition from The Dartmouth. A season that saw women’s rugby win its first-ever National Intercollegiate Rugby Association championship fittingly brought Dartmouth its first Sorensen winner in Henrich. The young center carried the team with a team-high 11 tries and 73 points in the fall — the second-most on the team — and was named to the All-Ivy First Team and a U.S. national team. Henrich’s final vote share was 37.27 percent, with Tricia Mangan ’19 in second (25.93 percent) and Mia Leko ’22 in third (15.74 percent). “It’s such a huge honor to win Rookie of the Year as it is not only a win for me but a win for the game of rugby,” Henrich wrote in an email statement. “As one of Dartmouth’s youngest varsity programs, it’s amazing the direction and dedication of everyone in the program. I could not have had my on-field success without them. This season with Dartmouth has truly been incredible.”

Female Athlete of the Year


Sweeney led 2019 Ivy League champion women’s lacrosse in goals.

Kierra Sweeney ’19 of the women’s lacrosse team is The Dartmouth’s Female Athlete of the Year. Sweeney led this year’s squad — the only Big Green team to win an Ivy League championship this

spring — in goals and points. Her 58 goals this season are the most any Dartmouth women’s lacrosse player has netted in a season since 2005 and the fifth-most in a single season in school history. With 73 career points, Sweeney is now tied for the second-most points in school history. She averaged 3.41 goals per game, which was the 16th-most in all of Division I women’s lacrosse this season and the second-most in the Ivy League. This season alone, she earned Intercollegiate Women’s Lacrosse Coaches Association All-Northeast Region honors, All-Ivy First Team honors and an Ivy League All-Tournament team selection. Sweeney earned 43.84 percent of the vote, with Katharine Ogden ’21 in second (21.17 percent) and Remy Borinsky ’19 in third (11.88 percent). “Wow, this is so amazing!” S w e e n ey w ro t e i n a n e m a i l statement. “I was honored to even be nominated and am so grateful to receive this award. My team is an incredible group of women and I definitely could not have gotten this far if it weren’t for all of them.”


Henrich was named the best women’s collegiate rugby player as a rookie.

Male Athlete of the Year For the second consecutive year, alpine skier Tanguy Nef ’20 is The Dartmouth’s Male Athlete of the Year. This accolade is not Nef ’s only proof of ongoing success. He brought a national championship in the giant slalom back to Hanover this year after winning in the slalom in 2018; he was named the Men’s Alpine Skier of the Year by the United States Collegiate Ski Coaches Association for the second consecutive year; he was an All-American for the third year in a row; and he won the Norwegian Trophy, which Dartmouth’s coaches award to the skier with the best performance, for the second consecutive year. Monday evening, the Dartmouth athletics department awarded Nef with the Alfred E. Watson Trophy as the top male athlete. After receiving 29.81 percent of the final vote, Nef now has another award as The Dartmouth’s Male Athlete of the Year. Adrian Clark ’20 came in second (23.94 percent) and Isiah Swann ’20 in third (19.95 percent). “It’s an incredible honor to


Nef was recognized for being Dartmouth’s top male athlete of 2018-19.

win this award and I am super pumped by the support and trust that the ski team, athletics and the school have brought me for the last 3 years,” Nef wrote in an

email statement. “I also want to congratulate all the other award recipients and nominees for the awesome achievements. Go Big Green!”

Profile for The Dartmouth Newspaper

The Dartmouth Orientation Issue 2019  

The Dartmouth Orientation Issue 2019