VOL. CLXXV NO.56
SUNNY HIGH 80 LOW 54
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 2018
ENVS professor Anne Neal Katyal ’91 discusses Kapuscinski leaves Supreme Court at College
By JULIAN NATHAN The Dartmouth Staff
On July 26, former Sherman Fairchild distinguished professor in sustainability science Anne Kapuscinski left the College to direct the the University of California, Santa Cruz’s new graduate program in coastal science and policy and teach as an environmental studies professor. The departure of Kapuscinski — who chairs the influential Union of Concerned
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Scientists and has advised the World Health Organization, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and various other agencies — follows the departures of other prominent College faculty, such as computer science professor Hany Farid and government professor Brendan Nyhan. Kapuscinski said that she was “aggressively” recruited by UC Santa Cruz last fall SEE KAPUSCINSKI PAGE 5
Dartmouth employee faces visa difficulties By ELIZA JANE SCHAEFFER The Dartmouth Staff
President Donald Trump’s call for citizens to “buy American and hire American” has had the unintended effect of bringing to light the ongoing, silent struggles of legal immigrants seeking employment and eventual citizenship. Even from its position in the far, northeast corner of
the United States, Dartmouth is not sheltered from the evercomplex and ever-changing winds of immigration policy. The case of Kriti Gopal, a Dartmouth employee whose immigration and employment status is in jeopardy, serves as an example of the difficulties involved with navigating this unforgiving policy landscape. SEE VISA PAGE 2
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Neal Katyal ’91, a former acting U.S. solicitor general, returned to the College this past Friday.
B y ALEX FREDMAN The Dartmouth Staff
In his first extended public remarks since the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Trump administration’s ban on immigration from six Muslim-majority countries, North Korea and Venezuela, Neal Katyal ’91, who presented the oral argument opposing the ban before the Court, told an audience of Dartmouth students, faculty and community members
last Friday that he was “worried” and “dispirited” by the Court’s decision. Katyal, a former acting U.S. solicitor general and now a Georgetown law professor and partner at the firm Hogan Lovells delivered a lecture titled “The Supreme Court and National Security Law,” in which he addressed the recent Trump v. Hawaii case and related litigation involving the intersection of national security and individual rights.
Having recently s u r p a s s e d T h u rg o o d Marshall as the minority attorney who has argued the most cases before the Supreme Court in U.S. history — 37 in total — Katyal spoke frequently from personal experience on the topic of national security law while offering his thoughts on the future of the Supreme Court. Katyal spoke for several minutes about his SEE KATYAL PAGE 3
Rockefeller Center deputy director co-authors book
By ANTHONY ROBLES The Dartmouth Staff
On July 27, 2018, Sadhana Hall, deputy director of the Rockefeller Center for Public Policy, and Gama Perruci, professor of leadership studies at Marietta College published the book “Teaching Leadership:
Bridging Theory and Practice.” Since its publication, the book has topped the Amazon New Releases chart in Social Studies Teaching Materials and currently ranks at number three on the list. The book focuses on the idea of whether leadership can be taught, said Perruci. He said that
the book gives educators — or anyone interested in leadership development — useful resources that apply to both the theory and practice of leadership development. “There’s always been this debate about whether leadership can be taught,” Hall said. “This has been a debate in
the field of leadership for quite a while, and through mine and Gama’s experience in the field, we strongly believe that it can be taught.” The idea for the book began when the executive editor at Edward Elgar Publishing reached out to Perruci and asked him about writing a book
about teaching. Perruci, who also serves as the Dean of the Bernard P. McDonough Center for Leadership and Business at Marietta, then recruited Hall to serve as a co-writer on the project because he wanted to add another “leadership program to SEE BOOK PAGE 3
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 2018
THE DARTMOUTH NEWS
Dartmouth employee questions future after failing to obtain visa FROM VISA PAGE 1
In 2008, Kriti Gopal moved to the United States from Mumbai to study at the University of Central Missouri. As a first-generation international student, she was excited to learn, both through her classes and by observing first hand the way in which the United States’ higher education system functions. “It was hard for me to understand how the education system here is laid out … And because I was an international student, there was no way for me to take a tour of the colleges I was applying to beforehand like students have that opportunity here,” she said. Curious, Gopal eagerly sought out student jobs in administrative positions at UCM. She started working with the international programs office, and by the time she graduated, she had worked in almost every administrative office on campus. After graduation, faced with the decision between going directly into the workforce or continuing her education at the graduate level, she chose to pursue her interest in administration in a more academic setting, eventually receiving a master of science in college student personnel administration. “I knew that I lacked in understanding the theories in underlying knowledge [such as] student development theories, and even the laws and the policies that govern higher education,” she said. As her graduation date neared, she began to seek out internships and employment opportunities. Her student visa allowed her a one-year grace period to find work after graduation. In January 2017, she applied and was accepted for an internship at Dartmouth. In the interim between her acceptance and the May start date of her internship, she began applying for jobs. In April, she received a job offer from Dartmouth as a program assistant at the Frank J. Guarini Institute for International Education. She accepted the offer, and pleased with the promise of an internship and later employment, she moved to New Hampshire. “What I did not know at the time was that the job was not going to sponsor my work visa,” she said. When she arrived, she began shadowing the employee who she would soon replace. She also reached out to her department and asked what she needed to do in order to have the paperwork for
her H-1B work visa processed. They directed her to Dartmouth’s Office of Visa and Immigration Services. “H-1B is what’s known as the visa for professionals: people with bachelor’s, master’s, or advanced deg rees,” noted for mer U.S. Ambassador to Belize George Bruno, a practicing immigration law attorney and managing director of the international consulting firm USA Group International. “They’re known as specialty workers.” These specialty workers may include advanced STEM professionals or “some sort of master in a particular field of specialization,” according to Bruno. Because there is high demand and limited opportunities for American jobs, the H-1B visa program is consistently over capacity. In February of this year, President Trump issued an executive order reiterating t h e p ro g r a m ’s “ s p e c i a l i z e d knowledge” requirement and calling for increased attention to employers’ justifications for sponsorship. Candidates must clearly demonstrate that the sponsored employee is uniquely qualified for the position. In an email to The Dartmouth, OVIS director Susan Ellison wrote that Dartmouth sponsors H-1B visas for “international faculty appointments, as well as senior research and professional staff positions. Sponsorship decisions are made considering eligibility under federal immigration law and regulations.” These regulations make the manner in which the employer constructs the job description highly significant. Dartmouth does not state that Gopal’s job requires a bachelor degree, a fact with which Gopal takes issue. “The job [description] doesn’t even show the work I do in the office,” she said. “This job is so much more than the way it’s written.” G o p a l w ro t e i n h e r j o b application — and was sure to mention in her interview — that she was an international student and would need to be sponsored for an H-1B work visa. However, according to Bruno, there is no legal mechanism for organizations to sponsor employees for jobs that do not require advanced degrees unless that job is a specialty trade, like cuisine or artistry, and the applicant has extensive lived experience. Thus, Dartmouth hired Gopal
with no legal ability to keep her employment. Two months after Gopal accepted Dartmouth’s job offer, OVIS told her that Dartmouth would not sponsor her work visa, that there was nothing they could do to help and that she was on her own, Gopal said. “It still feels unreal,” she added. Though the H-1B program is typically utilized for more technical science and technology positions, Gopal has classmates who were sponsored for administrative positions at other universities like Michigan State University. Given this knowledge and the reputation of a prestigious institution like Dartmouth, Gopal was stunned to learn that she would not be offered an H-1B visa. “I’m not questioning the federal piece,” she said. “I understand why it is like that. But I think that what the people at Dartmouth don’t understand is that it’s my life. What do I do now?” Gopal tried applying for other positions, seeking another employer who might be able to sponsor her work visa, with little success. “Dartmouth being a huge name in the market, it became very difficult to convince other people as to why I was still job searching,” she explained. “Nobody understood my story. They would say, ‘Really? Dartmouth doesn’t help?’” She says that she has been approached by other international employees who accepted job offers from Dartmouth only to learn that the College would not sponsor their H-1B visas, though Gopal declined to provide names.
Further more, according to me.” Bruno, employers filed for a As Gopal considers her options collective 200,000 visa sponsorships moving forward, it is difficult to last year, entering a lottery through keep up. She has been accepted which only 55,000 visas would to several graduate programs but be awarded. In 2017, as many as must reapply for a student visa, 145,000 individuals were denied and once she secures a doctoral H-1B visas, according to Bruno. degree, her path forward is unclear. The timeline of the H-1B Ideally, however, she will remain in program further complicates the America. matter. According to Bruno, filing “I see myself belonging here season begins April 1, and visas are because I’ve been here for so long,” distributed six months later on Oct. she said. “I want to be here and 1. This fixed schedule does not allow learn and not just pay taxes but for fluctuating life circumstances show more of what I can bring.” and is made more unforgiving by Gopal is glad she was able to work the speed with which employers at Dartmouth for the short amount and employees must act. of time that she did. Through her “So many internship with e m p l o y e r s “I see myself belonging t h e G u a r i n i apply for these Institute, she was visas that the here because I’ve been able to “make visa application here for so long.” the difference period shuts for students down, typically, who have seven days later -KRITI GOPAL, PROGRAM never studied for the rest of ASSISTANT AT THE FRANK abroad,” she the year,” Bruno said. She hopes J. GUARINI INSTITUTE said. that in sharing A c c o r d i n g FOR INTERNATIONAL her story, she to Bruno, for will be able to EDUCATION an individual prevent what in Gopal’s happened to her situation, legal action is likely off from happening to someone else. the table. She wishes the process of “The candidate should know legal immigration were easier, that the position either requires a and though she would never bachelor’s degree or doesn’t require consider illegal immigration, she a bachelor’s degree,” he explained. understands its appeal, as “there’s “There’s some responsibility on just not an easy path for someone, both ends.” even if they have so much to offer.” Gopal is unsure of what to do For a passionate Gopal, eager to next. learn a new way of life, proving what “I’m at a lot of crossroads,” she she has to offer seems within reach, said. “I don’t see that changing for yet at the same time, inaccessible.
NO MOORE ASTRO STUDENTS
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Students stream out of Moore Hall under a cloudy sky after another round of astronomy.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 2018
THE DARTMOUTH NEWS
Book focuses on Katyal probes Trump v. Hawaii ruling teaching leadership
That being said, Nachlis raised the Hamdan — Osama bin Laden’s possibility that Katyal’s suggestion personal driver, who was being held involvement in the Trump v. Hawaii could be more of a strategic threat by in Guantanamo — to the Supreme case as counsel for the state of Hawaii. Democrats to induce the Court away Court. His argument to the Court was that from making extreme decisions. He In the 2006 case of Hamdan v. Trump’s travel ban was in fact a compared it to the eﬀort by Democrats Rumsfeld, the Supreme Court ruled Muslim ban, and that the President to convince Chief Justice John Roberts 5-3 in favor of Katyal’s position that alone did not have the constitutional to uphold the constitutionality of the the special commissions violated the authority to institute such a ban Aﬀordable Care Act in 2012 so the Geneva Convention. Although taking without the approval of Congress. Roberts Court would not be labeled Hamdan’s case was risky considering “The Court’s too reactionary. the public’s attitude toward terrorism majority decision “The Democratic after 9/11, Katyal said this case doesn’t grapple “I think the Party learned that represents the best of the American with all of the Democrats will feel, you can threaten legal system. evidence that this the Court into “In many other countries, that guy, was a Muslim and not without decisions that that driver, would have been shot for ban,” Katyal said. justiﬁcation, that you like more if bringing his case,” Katyal said. “More Referencing you threaten their importantly for me, his lawyer would there should be a the historical legitimacy and have been shot. But that’s what makes d e c i s i o n th at penalty paid when if you raise their America special. That’s our system of upheld Japanese there’s these types of salience in the checks and balances.” internment public,” Nachlis Maya Frost-Belansky ’20 said she d u r i n g t h e games being played said. attended the lecture because she is Second World with a Supreme A l t h o u g h h e taking a course called Writing 43: War, Korematsu h a s s e r v e d “The Written Judicial Opinion,” in v. United States, Court seat — not in the Justice which she has been reading many of Katyal called the even giving Merrick D e p a r t m e n t the decisions recently handed down by Trump v. Hawaii Garland a hearing, let under the Clinton the Court. She said she was impressed case “Korematsu a n d O b a m a by Katyal’s lecture and joined in his w i t h a n o t h e r alone a vote.” administrations, disappointment about the outcome name” and Katyal described of Trump v. Hawaii. claimed that he his views on “It was so interesting to hear from was “100 percent -NEAL KATYAL ’91, foreign policy his perspective what he feels are the convinced” that FORMER ACTING U.S. and presidential biggest things we need to be talking the decision national security about regarding national security,” SOLICITOR GENERAL would eventually powers a s Frost-Belansky said. be overturned. hawkish, arguing Frost-Belansky said that she Katyal also turned a few heads that the Constitution gives the appreciated how Katyal took a in the room by suggesting that if the President broad authority in those respectful tone toward Justice Neil Democrats were able to regain control ﬁelds. Gorsuch and President Trump’s of Congress and the presidency, they “If you’re a president in a time of recent nominee to the Court, Brett could try to increase the number armed conﬂict, it’s really hard to lose Kavanaugh, even though he disagreed of justices on the Supreme Court a case in the Supreme Court,” Katyal with these individuals ideologically. to combat the threat of a solidly- said. “He talked about Trump, Gorsuch conservative Court for years to come. However, Katyal also said that and Kavanaugh in the same way, “I think the Democrats will feel, his background as a ﬁrst-generation which is: we need to give them the and not without some justiﬁcation, American gives him a different beneﬁt of the doubt, and we need to that there should be a penalty paid perspective if presidents choose to give them the opportunity to be great when there’s these types of games abuse their national security powers. at their jobs,” Frost-Belansky said. being played with a Supreme Court “My parents came here from Regarding the future of the seat — not even giving Merrick India,” Katyal said. “And they Court, Katyal said that Kavanaugh’s Garland a hearing, let alone a vote,” came here not nomination will Katyal said. because of the “The Democratic almost certainly Government professor Herschel quality of the soil push the Court Nachlis, who attended the lecture, said or its sports teams, Party learned that in a more that this was the ﬁrst time he had heard but because of you can threaten the conservative any pundit seriously suggest increasing one simple thing: direction. Court into decisions the number of justices. He added that they could land H o w e v e r, h e the Democratic establishment would in this country that you like more defended his be unlikely to seriously pursue that and be treated if you threaten their decision to plan because it could risk a signiﬁcant fairly — maybe publicly endorse electoral backlash by voters concerned not perfectly, but legitimacy and if you Neil Gorsuch’s with separation of powers. fairly.” raise their salience in nomination last In 1937, President Franklin K a t y a l year, arguing the public.” Roosevelt, frustrated by a Supreme described in the that Gorsuch did Court that was hostile toward the speech how that not represent a New Deal, attempted to increase the sense of fairness -HERSCHEL NACHLIS, major ideological number of justices to 15 and thereby was challenged change from his GOVERNMENT “pack” the Court. Although Roosevelt in the aftermath p r e d e c e s s o r, was then at the height of his popularity of 9/11, when PROFESSOR Antonin Scalia, and Democrats enjoyed historic t h e Bush and that Gorsuch supermajorities in Congress, the plan administration was a betterbackﬁred and led to the formation of proposed setting up special military qualiﬁed nominee than he expected a conservative coalition that thwarted commissions to try suspected terrorists President Trump to appoint. most attempts at passing liberal being held in Guantanamo Bay. “He was, after all, a judge,” Katyal legislation and dominated Congress Sensing that this was a bridge too quipped. “I thought the President was for the next quarter of a century. far, Katyal brought the case of Salim going to nominate Judge Judy.” FROM KATYAL PAGE 1
learning how you work within teams and organizations to achieve societal the book so it would add more depth good.” Hall said that there were three for the readers.” “The leadership programming conceptual approaches to teaching initiatives at Dartmouth are of really leadership: studying leadership, high quality, so that was really a big building competency and focusing plus for the book — to highlight two on leadership development. She added that the programs that I book framed think are doing “The leadership the teaching very interesting of leadership work,” Perruci programming through four said. initi ati ves at levels of analysis: Perruci said the individual, thathisexperience Dartmouth are of the team or working with Hall really high quality, so community, the was “delightful” organizational and that she was a that was a really big level and the “greatco-author.” plus for the book.” global level. Hall He added that added that the working with a cocombination author gave him -GAMA PERRUCI, of all of these an opportunity LEADERSHIP STUDIES elements is key to work with PROFESSOR AT MARIETTA to the teaching of somebody who leadership. would explore COLLEGE Perruci and share ideas said that the at a deep level. Hall echoed Perruci’s sentiment, introduction of the book tells readers remarking that although co-authoring to “feel free to adopt and adjust” the a book presents its own set of unique book’s teachings to their own unique challenges, it was an “absolute pleasure” situation. Hall concurred, noting that adopting the teachings of the book to work with Perruci. “He is not only thoughtful, but to suit the reader’s own situation is a also extremely supportive,” Hall said. necessity, as it is impossible to replicate “He really gets the Rockefeller Center anything from one environment to program, so it makes it very easy to another. “We really hope that they will ﬁnd translate the theoretical side of what he is focusing on and connect it to the [the book] stimulating, while also giving experiential side of learning about them great ideas for their own programs leadership, learning about yourself, and their own initiatives,” Perruci said. FROM BOOK PAGE 1
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 2018
THE DARTMOUTH OPINION
STAFF COLUMNIST CAROLINE COOK ‘21
THE DARTMOUTH OPINION STAFF
Did You Peak in High School?
The only way to avoid peaking is to make new highlights.
On a blistering September afternoon a few them, students might finally begin to move past days before the start of classes, around half of the their fear. Class of 2021 is sitting in Spaulding Auditorium. Students are in control of whether they The faces on stage are serious. “How many of “peaked in high school.” If one is uncomfortable you were the valedictorian at your high school?” with the suspicion that high school football one of them asks. Hands go up into the air, too games, AP Biology and senior prom might be many to count. Reality comes crashing down on the highlights of one’s life, then one must make the shoulders of hundreds of nervous first-years. new highlights. Be more of oneself, whatever As they file out of the auditorium 20 minutes that means in each individual case. The former later, one student turns to her friend. “Guess I star of the high school concert band should peaked in high school,” she says. They laugh take music theory courses with some of the nervously. best musicians and professors in the country, No matter their high school background, not just continue to practice the oboe in their Dartmouth students all came from situations dorm room with the door closed. The student wherein they excelled. If majoring in something they they hadn’t, they wouldn’t do not enjoy should at least have landed a coveted “Students should minor in that subject that spot at the College. not be faulted for their high school teacher Excelling in their respective always wanted to see them communities looked harboring the fear that explore more. The stage different for each one, has been instilled in manager of the high school given the size of their school them for years, but musicals, always dreaming or town and the amount of the spotlight, should of resources it had. For they can be faulted audition for a production some, they might have had for allowing that instead of assuming they a lot of college counseling won’t measure up to the fear to prevent them and attended top-tier high standards of college institutions alongside 10 from continuing to theater. The time for sitting or 15 other students. Some quietly on one’s passions grow and capitalize may have come from tiny, is over — if Dartmouth remote towns that had on the wealth of is not the place to explore never sent a student to an opportunities that the them boldly, then where is? Ivy League school before. There are opportunities to The specifics of success College has to offer.” build upon the successes of differed for each student, high school, rather than whether it was getting that perfect SAT score, resting upon a security that “I already know setting a state record in the 800 meters or logging who I am.” Evolution is the only way to combat more volunteer hours than there are hours in a hindsight’s rose-colored glasses. Students should day. But all were success stories. not be faulted for harboring the fear that has Still, the joking “I think I peaked in high been instilled in them for years, but they can be school” line is tossed about among these faulted for allowing that fear to prevent them objectively successful people, especially around from continuing to grow and capitalize on the midterms and finals. It is heard in the KAF line, wealth of opportunities that the College has to it is heard on the Green. Perhaps it is a sign that, offer. as a collective group, Dartmouth students are That fateful day in the Spaulding Auditorium, unaccustomed to failure. This phrase may be a incoming first-years were scared that they defense mechanism pulled out at the first sign wouldn’t measure up among incredibly stiff of hardship, to assume that the best of our days competition, and their fears of failure were is surely behind us. A seemingly harmless joke is only reaffirmed. Dartmouth does not use that a thinly-veiled sign of a very real insecurity. Of fear of failure to fuel a cutthroat competitive course Dartmouth students are afraid of failure environment that many peer institutions have — the only way to get to the College is to be so struggled to shake, but it is still a very real terrified of failure that there is no choice but to phenomenon that must be treated with sincerity. succeed. Hopefully, though, by addressing the If one is not careful, “I might have peaked in high psychological strains that this pressure places on school” will be a reality rather than just a joke.
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L a s t m o n t h , G o ve r n o r C h r i s Sununu signed into la w a voter residency bill that will require New Hampshire voters to be residents of the state beginning in 2019, making it substantially more difficult for outof-state college students to vote. What are your thoughts on the new law? Governor Sununu’s recent signing of HB 1264 should concern residents of the Granite State. Although the New Hampshire Supreme Court ruled that the bill was constitutional, the motives for passing it are flimsy nonetheless. In justifying his decision, Sununu invoked nice-sounding platitudes like “equality” and “fairness.” But it’s hard to ignore the bill’s political expediency. For one, it hinders a large number of New Hampshire’s college students from voting — a demographic which largely votes Democratic. According to the Campaign for Voting Rights, the new law would also require voters to obtain a New Hampshire driver’s license and car registration, which effectively functions as a poll tax. Sununu also made Trumpian claims about the old system being rigged. He said that same-day registration allowed nearby Massachusetts residents to be bussed into New Hampshire near election time. But a few months before HB 1264 was passed, Sununu’s own Secretary of State William Gardner delivered a two-hour presentation, along with other election officials, that concluded there was little evidence for voter fraud. New Hampshire was the last remaining state to enact such a law. But in a state where the motto is “Live Free or Die,” citizens must remain vigilant and demand transparency from Sununu and their other elected officials.
BRIAN CHEKAL & CAYLA PLOTCH, Product Development Directors BHARATH KATRAGADDA, Strategy Director YEONJAE PARK, Technology Director
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asserts that only certain types of citizens deserve the right to vote. This argument is an anti-democratic one, and one with a troubling history in the United States. Whether one excludes voters on the basis of literacy, student status, race, criminal history or any other arbitrary factor, the aim is clear: advancing partisan interests against the will of the people. The most worrying aspect, though, is that this bill is not alone. It stems from the broader tribalism that’s come to characterize American politics. In a democratic republic, elected leaders should base policies off the will of the electorate. Instead, we’ve swung toward a winner-takes-all approach, where the aim is, as our president so often puts it, “winning” against one’s political opponents. To the partisan, securing favored policies takes precedence over democracy. The partisan has few qualms about disenfranchising the opposition — after all, it makes elections easier to win. This authoritarian mindset is fundamentally anti-American, and it characterizes some of the darkest periods of our nation’s history, most notably the Jim Crow South. Sadly, with this bill, Governor Sununu has shown himself a true partisan. Rather than serve the people of New Hampshire, Sununu has disenfranchised many of his constituents in order to advance a particular ideology. With this measure, Governor Sununu and large factions of the New Hampshire legislature have undermined their commitment to democracy. That should disturb everyone, regardless of party affiliation. We still have a few months before the disenfranchisement bill takes effect. So vote. Whatever your politics, register and vote this November. Sununu is up for reelection, as is Representative Annie Kuster and our state-level delegates. This election matters. So vote. Make your voice heard, now. It’s our last chance.
-Tyler Malbreaux ’20 -Matthew Magann ’21 Restricting voting rights for students at Dartmouth is both unacceptable and unbelievable. Although many of us are not residents of the state, our word often has a large say in elections, and the status of New Hampshire as a swing state amplifies this responsibility. As someone from a majorityDemocratic state, I understand the value of having my vote cast in an actual toss-up state, something that should be seen as a value to any party in an election. This is a sad attempt by conservatives at limiting the rights of liberals in a despicable way.
HANTING GUO, Publisher
AMANDA ZHOU, Executive Editor JULIAN NATHAN, Issue Executive Editor
PRODUCTION EDITORS PETER CHARALAMBOUS AND ANTHONY ROBLES,
What are your thoughts on New Hampshire’s new voter residency law?
-Simon Ellis ’20 The bill is disenfranchisement, plain and simple. No one seriously believes that this measure is about voter fraud, or about students’ supposed long-term dedication to the state. Both of those arguments fall flat. Voter fraud in New Hampshire is essentially non-existent. The second argument is more concerning, since it
As an out-of-state college student who hails from a non-swing state, I’m inclined to say that it would certainly be more exciting to be able to vote in New Hampshire. However, I wouldn’t consider myself a long term or continuous New Hampshire resident — I’m in Hanover maybe half of the year, a few weeks at a time. If I were to put myself in the shoes of a long term New Hampshire resident, especially one who typically votes red, I would not want my vote to be diluted by an influx of college students who not only represent their home states but also tend to have more liberal values. According to vote.org, many other states require proof of residency in order to vote. New Hampshire has been fairly lax about voter registration until now. I’m not happy about Governor Sununu’s voter residency law, but I do think it’s fair from an electoral perspective. -Valerie Truong ’21
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 2018
THE DARTMOUTH NEWS
Kapuscinski moves to UC Santa Cruz
studies. professor position. Sarker also “Every institution has a core cited UC Santa Cruz’s location as through a “target of excellence” nature to it and needs to play to its a factor in his decision making. hire process. She added that strengths,” she said. “Dartmouth’s “Santa Cruz is on the ocean,” the graduate core strength is Sarker said. “Both [Kapuscinski] p r o g r a m s h e “Every institution r e a l l y s t e l l a r and I love the nature. That was now directs undergraduate another driving factor to take this has a core nature selected its education … I position.” inaugural cohort to it and needs to don’t imagine Sarker explained that he and of 10 students play to its strengths. that g raduate Kapuscinski reached an agreement while she was p ro g r a m s a re with the College to keep the still negotiating Dartmouth’s core ever going to be Kapuscinski / Sarker Laboratory the terms of her strength is really the central focus active at Dartmouth until Sarker’s position. at Dartmouth.” departure next year. At the end of Kapuscinski stellar undergraduate She said that that period, the lab will relocate stressed that her education ... I while her tenure its equipment to Santa Cruz, and departure was don’t imagine that at the College the College will be able to use the not related to g ave h e r t h e laboratory’s physical plant for any frustrations graduate programs o p p o r t u n i t y other purposes, Sarker said. Sarker with the College. are ever going to be t o wo rk w i t h added that Kapuscinski’s research “I really love s t u d e n t s t o assistant, Devin Fitzgerald , will the central focus at Dartmouth,” solve real-world also begin working at UC Santa she said. problems, she Cruz next year. Dartmouth.” She explained will have the Oliver Edelson ’18, who worked that she chose chance to do so with Kapuscinski as a James O. to accept her -ANNE KAPUSCINSKI, on “a bit of a Freedman Presidential Scholar current position FORMER larger scale” at during his sophomore summer, said at U C S a n t a UC Santa Cruz that he felt a mixture of emotions Cruz because ENVIRONMENTAL in a way that is when he learned that Kapuscinski the university’s STUDIES PROFESSOR “really oriented would be leaving the College. core strengths to the coast.” “I was sad to see her go and and proximity W h e n that other students wouldn’t be to the Pacific Ocean more closely K apuscinski infor med other able to experience the incredible align with her research about Dartmouth faculty that she was mentorship that I received from coastal sustainability. considering a position at UC her,” he said. “[At the same time], “I wasn’t actively looking to go Santa Cruz, her I’m also really somewhere else, but in my heart, colleagues were “I was sad to see her excited for her. I think I always knew that my supportive, she [The position] go and that other interests are oriented toward the said. is a confluence ocean, toward coastal zones,” she “ P e o p l e students wouldn’t be of a lot of her said. c o m p l e t e l y able to experience interests and Kapuscinski said that her u n d e r s t o o d passions.” position at UC Santa Cruz might why I made this the incredible E d e l s o n permit her to devote more time d e c i s i o n a n d mentorship that I explained that to research. She added that were sorry for considered received from her. [At he although she found the College’s me to leave … Kapuscinski a undergraduate focus rewarding, it I left on good the same time], I’m “quintessential was also time consuming. t e r m s , ” s h e also really excited for Dartmouth “ D a r t m o u t h i s p r i m a r i l y said. “I expect professor.” undergraduate-focused, and if the faculty at her. [The position] is “She loved the you commit to undergraduate Dartmouth and a conﬂuence of a lot opportunity education seriously there, it takes o t h e r p e o p l e to mentor of her interests and a lot of your time,” she said. “I [ I i n t e r a c t e d undergraduates still managed to do research, but with] to remain passions.” and really open there’s no question that I had to colleagues for up her calendar really work at it to fit that in.” the long term.” and also her H oweve r, s h e n o t e d t h at R e s e a r c h -OLIVER EDELSON ’18 networks to having to balance undergraduate a s s i s t a n t connect people,” education and research was not a professor Pallab Sarker — whom Edelson added. part of her decision to leave the Kapuscinski recruited in 2012 Kapuscinski said that she will College. — s a i d t h a t most miss the opportunity to “I’m blessed “I’m blessed ... I’ve he would join interact with undergraduates at … I ’v e h a d K a p u s c i n s k i Dartmouth. e x c e l l e n t had excellent support at UC Santa “All Dartmouth undergraduates support doing doing research [at Cruz in June of are incredibly bright,” Kapuscinski research [at next year. He said. “I felt really blessed to have Dartmouth.” Dartmouth],” explained that worked with a slice of them who she said. he accepted his were both bright and cared really Kapuscinski -ANNE KAPUSCINSKI, p o s i t i o n n o t deeply about how we can solve big also cited only because environmental problems.” FORMER differences in he wanted to Sarker echoed Kapuscinski’s i n s t i t u t i o n a l ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES c o n t i n u e h i s sentiment. i d e n t i t y work with “We really love Dartmouth PROFESSOR between the K a p u s c i n s k i , because of the fabulous, fantastic, Dartmouth but also because very wonderful students,” he said. and UC Santa Cruz, which more UC Santa Cruz offered him a “That we will miss a lot — you heavily emphasizes graduate-level tenure-track associate research [students] are really brilliant.” FROM KAPUSCINSKI PAGE 1
THE DARTMOUTH EVENTS
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 2018
8:00 am. - 4:30 p.m.
Exhibit: “Shelley’s Frankenstein in Text and Image,” sponsored by Rauner Library, Webster Hall
5:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.
Talk: “Cairo in Spotlight,” with Middle Eastern studies Professor Ezzedine Fishere, playwrights Daniel and Patrick Lazour and director Taibi Magar, Loew Auditorium, Black Family Visual Arts Center
8:30 p.m. - 10:30 p.m.
Film: “Raiders of the Lost Ark,” directed by Steven Spielberg, sponsored by the Hopkins Center for the Arts, Dartmouth Green
4:00 p.m. - 5:30 p.m.
Performance: New York Theatre Workshop Work-in-Progress: “Mention My Beauty,” by Leslie Ayvazian, directed by Martha Banta, Bentley Theater, Hopkins Center for the Arts
7:30 p.m. - 9:00 p.m
Performance: New York Theatre Workshop Work-in-Progress: “We Live in Cairo,” by Daniel Lazour and Patrick Lazour, directed by Taibi Magar, Bentley Theater, Hopkins Center for the Arts
8:00 p.m. - 10:00 p.m
Film: “Hereditary,” directed by Ari Aster, Loew Auditorium, Black Family Visual Arts Center
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FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 2018
THE DARTMOUTH ARTS
‘Raiders of the Lost Ark’: tempering your nostalgia By SEBASTIAN WURZRAINER The Dartmouth Staff
Fedora. Bull whip. Leather jacket. Snarky smile. “Trust me.” I need not say his name. Few images are as indelibly burned into America’s cinematic conscious as the profile of Indiana Jones. Likewise, few films are as highly regarded as his first outing, “Raiders of the Lost Ark.” Even Steven Spielberg, the film’s director, confesses that it is perhaps the only film of his which he can watch without a lingering sense of regret, disappointment and frustration. While “Star Wars” was the true behemoth towering over my cinematic psyche as a child, it’s sister franchise, “Indiana Jones,” was never far behind. This makes sense given that the two are in many ways inseparable; the genesis of one lies in the success of the other. Yet as I grew older, my affection for “Star Wars” only increased, while “Indiana Jones” slowly joined the ranks of half-remembered films that had once been critical to my childhood. I mention this because I’ve long since had the opportunity to reconcile my childhood nostalgia for “Star Wars” with my more recent understanding of it in light of my introduction to critical film theory. Thus, I’ve been able to accept the franchise’s many flaws and accept
that I love it nonetheless. The same cannot be said for “Indiana Jones.” For the unaware, the Hopkins Center for the Arts will be hosting a free screening of “Raiders of the Lost Ark” at 8:30 p.m. later today. In preparation for writing a review, I decided to watch the film for the first time in years. I expected it to be little more than a reminder of everything I loved about the film as a child. After all, I had long since determined that “Raiders” was truly the pinnacle of its franchise. As fun as some of the sequels might be, none could compare to the original. Indeed, despite all the things I felt the need to re-evaluate after my re-watch, I never once questioned the film’s craftsmanship. It is truly a stunning technical achievement. In 2014, director Steven Soderbergh published the film in black-andwhite without the sound onto his website. He encouraged fans to instead focus on Spielberg’s staging and editing. It isn’t hard to see why Soderbergh felt compelled to use “Raiders” for his little experiment. Due to budgetary and technical concerns, Spielberg claims that he only shot three to four takes per scene, in stark contrast to his usual 30 or 40. Rather than diminish the film’s overall quality, these limitations explain why the final product is a masterclass in
efficiency. Yet none of this belied the minor crisis brought on by rewatching the film after so many years. As I watched it with a friend, we both realized for the first time how pervasive the problem of Orientalism is throughout the film. Compound onto that its depiction of indigenous people and its valorization of the most problematic aspects of archeology, and you’ve got yourself one troubling viewing experience. It’s not that I wasn’t already aware of how applicable Edward Said’s theory of Orientalism is to films like “Raiders.” Rather, it’s one thing to conceptualize that and quite another to see it grotesquely represented on-screen. As both Spielberg and co-creator George Lucas have confessed, the conceit of “Indiana Jones” was heavily inspired by Scrooge McDuck comics and the adventure serials of the 30s and 40s. The aesthetic of “Raiders” is thus like an Orientalist mise en abyme. “Raiders” isn’t creating an original Orientalist vision; it’s copying that vision from the aforementioned inspirations, which were themselves undoubtedly imitating the pulpy adventure stories that preceded them, and so on. One can safely infer that malicious intent was never
a factor in Spielberg and Lucas’s joint vision; rather, a woefully misguided affection for racist media was. None of this, however, negates the genuinely harmful effects of this imagery. In the midst of the crisis, I was reminded of one of my favorite film reviews of all time: Roger Ebert’s Great Movies review of “Raiders.” In it, he contends that the film is actually a subversive satire created by a Jewish filmmaker as a means of sticking it to the Nazis. Ebert argues that if “Schindler’s List” is Spielberg’s mature take on the Holocaust, then “Raiders” is the fantasies of a Jewish boy rightfully seeking retribution against some of history’s greatest monsters. Ebert notes that the film is littered with jokes and asides that viciously mock the fascism and anti-Semitism of the Nazis. Indeed, I had the pleasure of noting a few references that Ebert never mentioned. For example, when the Ark of the Covenant, which Ebert describes as “the most precocious Jewish artifact,” is branded with the swastika, it causes a rat excruciating pain; Jews were, of course, frequently compared to rodents in Nazi propaganda. Similarly, one character compares the Nazis to the Pharaohs, a clear reference to the enslavement of Israelites in Ancient Egypt. But is
this satirical element, an element I had always admired, cheapened by the film’s Orientalism? Not necessarily. Rather, both facets of the film must be accepted in their entirety, even if they can never be fully reconciled. Coming face to face with the problematic side of a work of art that was important to your childhood is always unreasonably difficult. Even now, a part of me wishes I didn’t have to relinquish the naivete of childhood. After all, everything I used to love is still there. Indiana Jones is still Harrison Ford’s best role. Paul Freeman makes his rival, Belloq, easily the franchise’s most compelling villain. And Karen Allen still shines with fiery intensity as Marion Ravenwood, Indy’s love and equal. Besides, there are countless scenes that work beautifully, even in isolation. Marion seeing Indy for the first time in years; Indy and Belloq’s meeting in the bar; the confrontation with the cobra in the Well of Souls; the greatest truck chase of all time. Yet as wonderful as much of the film may be, its flaws remain. Recognizing that is essential to growing up. So, have fun tonight as you watch it. In the process, though, don’t let it dull your critical thinking skills. Because every film, no matter how beloved, is not beyond reproach.
Travis Scott gets oushined on new album ‘ASTROWORLD’ By ANDREW SOSANYA
The Dartmouth Staff
Last week, Travis Scott treated fans to the release of his long-awaited new album, “ASTROWORLD.” This marks Scott’s third studio album, a project that has become the subject of hype since its initial announcement two years ago. The success of Scott’s previous two albums, “Birds in the Trap Sing McKnight” and “Rodeo,” only served to heighten the anticipation. The project’s title serves as an homage to Six Flag’s now-defunct AstroWorld theme park, a staple of Scott’s homecity of Houston, Texas. The album is arguably just as much fun, as Scott creates an unorthodox universe in which trippy beats go head-tohead with spacey tracks that send listeners through the cosmos. The feature list is stacked, filled with big names, little names and guys you’ve probably never even heard of. Rest assured though, they’re all fire. The production is just as diverse, with collaborations from veterans of the industry veterans including Mike Dean and Metro Boomin’, as well as breakouts like Turbo and Tay Keith. “STARGAZING” serves as the album’s surprising introduction, with kaleidoscopic auto-tuned crooning and an unpredictable
musical transition that effectively launches listeners into astronomical “ASTROWORLD.” Travis channels an acid trip with an ectasy-inducing first verse, “Rollin’, rollin’, rollin’ got me stargazin’ / Psychedelics got me goin’ crazy.” While some elements are forgettable, the Travis Scott standard creates a great hollistic sound. Fans will regonize his distorted 808s, lo-fi samples and certified La Flame adlibs. Scott incorporates his signature beat-switches into the project, transforming potential standalone tracks into sonic adventures. His trademark smooth transitions also feature heavily on the album, somehow making high-energy tracks like “NO BYSTANDERS” blend seamlessly with mellow, atmospheric tunes like “SKELETONS.” Scott compensates for sometimes formulaic lyrics with a cohesive atmosphere that pervades the whole album, save for a filler song or two on the way. The reflective “STOP TRYING TO BE GOD” is the result of several complex elements. Among them are a humbling hook and verse from Scott, classic Kid Cudi hums, a Stevie Wonder harmonica solo and an evocative James Blake melody. Scott serves up introspective vibes on “ASTROTHUNDER” over Thundercat production. The way he
rides on these futuristic instrumentals is just plain wavy. It doesn’t get more chill than this. Five years ago, Travis Scott was mainly known for being Kanye West’s producer protégé. Fast forward to 2018, and Scott has carved out his own space in the mainstream. He’s the full-stack package: a rapper, producer and celebrity personality. In “COFFEE BEAN,” Scott creates an outro akin to that of Kanye’s “30 Hours” and Drake’s “6PM in New York.” Scott offers mindful, self-aware commentary on his relationship with Kylie Jenner and their newborn child. On boom-bap production, Scott reveals his thoughts: “Your family told you I’m a bad move / Plus I’m already a black dude.” Where this album really shines, however, is in its wealth of features. Comparable to the likes of Kanye West, Scott proves himself to be a great orchestrater. He crafted the feature list with both new and old in mind. Hip-hop staples like Frank Ocean and The Weeknd offer for consistent appeal, while industry newcomers such as Houston-native Don Toliver, Sheck Wes and “LUCID DREAMS” star Juice WRLD elevate tracks from unremarkable to luminous. Travis shows that he can string together each piece to create
a euphonious synergy. As Scott says himself on “SICKO MODE,” he’s the glue of this album, and it shows. If anything, these hot features overshadow Scott. As master craftsman of “ASTROWORLD,” Travis takes a backseat and commands from afar. The songs with the most replay value don’t owe their glory to Scott’s verses or adlibs. Don Toliver, whom Travis just signed to his label, spearheads “CAN’T SAY” with an electric flow and a sonically-pleasing voice. “YOSEMITE” plays like a Gunna song in disguise. Gunna spits a poised cadence over producer Turbo’s guitars supplemented with Kid Cudi-like hums from Scott. Drake makes taking medications as prescribed sound dope, rapping “Now I hit the FBO with duffels in my hand, did half a xan, thirteen hours till I land.” Scott and Drake alternate in a catchy song that’s sure to hit the billboards. After the long road to stardom since breaking through the mainstream in the last couple years, it’s disappointing to hear Scott struggle to conserve momentum in his solo tracks. “ASTROWORLD” crumbles under expectation of something commanding from Scott. His magnum opus and first studio album “Rodeo” broke boundaries
and redefined what trap music could sound like. While classic joints with catchy choruses like “Antidote” drove Scott to stardom, most of his solo pieces aren’t hitting the mark on his most recent release. Without a hot feature or two, his played-out flows, recycled adlibs and lyrical content don’t make for a sustainable listen. Scott sprinkles variations on the same tired theme throughout the project, spitting phrases like “Pop a seal like it’s Chris make it look Breezy (it’s lit) / Wedding bands on my fist, shit is freezing (straight up).” The laziness of the album is tangible. It stung to see the 15-month old “BUTTERFLY EFFECT” on the track list, despite the fact that it’s about six feet under when it comes to circulation. I have little faith that Scott would be able to hold his own on a no-feature album or EP. Only a satiating beat salvages some of these songs—luckily Scott is one hell of a producer. It’s hard to pinpoint anything new that Scott does to establish “ASTROWORLD” as more than just another installment in the La Flame collection, but it remains a must-listen record. It’s not 2015’s “Rodeo,” but it’s the closest he’s come to it. Despite considering its pitfalls, it’s good music. Put your headphones on and sink into Travis Scott’s “ASTROWORLD.”
THE DARTMOUTH SPORTS
FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 2018
NO EVENTS SCHEDULED
The Accidental Fan with Sabena Allen ’20
The Accidental Fan: Sports Films for NARPs — Spirit Fingers This article will commence a new, ongoing and semi-random series in my column: “Sports Films for NARPs.” Columns for this series will address sports films that are potentially accessible to non-sports fans. In my last three columns, I tackled the controversial sport of professional wrestling. This week, I would like to continue that trend and talk about another sport that often has its validity questioned: cheerleading. Cheerleading had its start with collegiate football in the late 1800s and is now a staple of high school, college and professional sporting events. Ironically enough, men were actually the first “cheerleaders” in history, though now the sport is commonly associated with women. Women were only allowed to cheer in small numbers beginning in the 1920s and at a large scale starting during World War II with the sudden absence of college-age men (and you can read more about that in my new column, “The Accidental Historian,” that I am apparently now writing). Cheerleading is competitive in its modern iteration, with cheer competitions happening at many different levels. This competitive aspect has been realized in various popular media, most notably through the 2000 movie “Bring it On,” starring Jesse Bradford, Kristin Dunst, Eliza Dushku and Gabrielle Union. (If you’ve seen the film, the title of this column will make sense.) In fact, the “Bring it On” franchise was so popular that it spawned multiple sequels, the sixth of which was released in August 2017 direct-to-video (you can imagine how good it must
COURTESY OF UNIVERSAL PICTURES VIA TODAY.COM
Sabena Allen ’20 highlights the sport of cheerleading through the movie franchise, “Bring it On,” and argues that the movie is a great opportunity for fans to test the waters on sports for multiple reasons.
have been). The original film was directed by Peyton Reed, who went on to direct “Ant-Man” in 2015 and “Ant-Man and the Wasp,” which came out this year and was reviewed a few weeks ago in The Dartmouth. Give it a read! So, why am I bringing up “Bring it On”? Well, like “GLOW,” I think the movie is a great opportunity for fans to test the waters on sports for multiple reasons. Cheerleaders are a prominent part of basketball and football games. When I have been to Celtics games in the past, I have always enjoyed watching the Celtics Dancers, even if basketball is not my favorite sport. Cheerleaders can not only bolster the team and fans but also break up the action for the more inexperienced fan. That being said, I also just loved the movie “Bring it On” when I was little. I loved the outfits, the peppy songs and the fun routines. I was never very into sports when I was younger, as I’m sure you can
imagine just from the name of this column, and cheerleading was the perfect mix between dance and sport. Now, we could probably debate endlessly what counts as a sport, but for competitive cheer groups, I would argue it requires just as much strength, stamina and precision as any other typical sport. The Toros, one of the two major cheer teams in the film, prove that their merits do not come from cheering on their high school’s football team, which rarely wins a game, even when supported by their cheerleaders. The Toros are winning athletes in their own right, having won five consecutive national titles and training for their sixth. This is why “Bring it On” has the appeal that it does. The cheering is allowed to stand on its own rather than in relation to basketball or football. In the film, it is presented as its own sport. Given its prevalence in professional basketball and
football, I think people sometimes forget that cheerleading can stand on its own. This is why it is excellent for the “accidental fan,” someone looking for an entry point into something other than mainstream sports. The second “Bring it On” film, “Bring it On Again,” treats cheering in a similar way, though this time at a collegiate level. Though I must say, I was never even sure that the first “Bring it On” was a high school film given that, let’s face it, those actors are not high school age — but okay! Regardless, cheerleading is highly valued at the fictional California State College, enough so that two squads enter into a competition to gain the rights to be the official college squad. Perhaps in both films, the merits of these cheer squads are slightly larger than life, but this treatment does the service of promoting the athleticism and entertainment of cheerleading. Although I haven’t seen all of
the other films in the franchise, I have the feeling that they don’t necessarily get better as they go. Regardless, watching movies like “Bring it On” is fun and a valid and unexpected way to engage with sports. It might even inspire a trip to a cheer competition, or if you are a football or basketball fan already, maybe a second look at your team’s cheerleaders. They are very talented and have worked hard to get where they are. The sports is also becoming more inclusive on the professional football stage. Male cheerleaders will be joining the ranks of the New Orleans Saints and the Los Angeles Rams this season. Although men have previously participated in stunts, the new recruits will be dancing alongside their female teammates. So, cheerleading history is coming full circle. Although “Bring it On” does feature male cheerleaders, I guess the NFL needed a little time to catch up!
COURTESY OF NAPOLEON JINNIES VIA INSTAGRAM
On April 2018, the Los Angeles Rams added two men to their cheerleading squad, becoming the first National Football League team to have male dancers on the field.