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CORN HARVEST 2020
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Before You Build, Build a Relationship 2 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH October 2020
INSIDE THIS ISSUE On the cover
Corn Harvest 2020 6
Scott Stahl watches as corn is dumped into the back of a trailer while harvesting a field on Friday, Oct. 2 northeast of Emery. (Matt Gade / Republic)
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Get 0% interest formore 60 dump months with up to $2,700 cash back • SUPER BOOM Verticalfinancing Lift provides height & reach, 15% OFF *balers cash square when financing CNH Sc**omower-conditioners ton t Sthe uppurchase plback y C™o**round mwith paand nbalers y smallIndustri • New Financing plus up to $2,700 Roll-Belt Get 0% interestand financing for 60in-cab months with balers, up toback $2,700 cash ™ 360° visibility. onmaximizes Holland Roll-Belt round disc INTRODUCTORY ™LCD Display with integrated ** 2cash 8Back-Up 00 back WeCamera swith tH vdisc enand sIndustrial ,M itchOFFER elCapital. l, SD™57301 on New Holland• NEW! Roll-Belt round balers, mower-conditioners small onaCNH mower-conditioners • HAWK Financing plus up todisc $2,000 ** square balers when the •financing Financing pluspurchase up to $2,700 cash back on Roll-Belt round bale • Auto Straight Line Tracking & Creep Mode (EH models) -ORw w w . s c o t t s u p p l y c o . com ** square balers when•financing the purchase withplus CNH Industrial Capital. ** on small square balers Financing plus up to $1,300 cash back on disc mower-condition • Financing up to $2,000 cash back • New Control Buttons Joysticks • Financing plus up& to $2,700 cash back** on Roll-Belt 605™-round 996-7balers 700% 4 FOR YEARS! • Increased Durability & Longevity square balers • **Financing plus up to $1,300 cash back** on5small ™ **
• Financing plus up •toFinancing $2,700 cashupback on Roll-Belt round balers on0.disc Hurry! Oplus ffers eto nd$2,000 Octocash ber 3back 1, 202 Exclmower-conditioners udes commercial haytools and equipmen ** ** South Dakota Farm & Ranch is an agricultural publication dedicated on small toH$1,300 cash back on disc mower-conditioners • Financing plus up •toFinancing $2,000 plus cashupback urry! Offers end October 3square 1, 202balers 0. Excludes commercial haytools an to informing SD and Midwest area farmers & ranchers about current ** • Financing plus up to $1,300 cash back on small square balers topics and news. Hurry*!FoO oeb r cofmfe merrcsiale usn e od nlyO . Cuc stt om r pe artr icip3 at1 ion, s2 ub0 je2 ct 0 to .crE edxitcqluuad liﬁecs atiocnoam ndm ape prrocvaia l bly h Ca NHytInodouslstriaal n CadpitealqAu mieprim ca LeLnCt. .See your participati Holland dealer for details and eligibility requirements. Down payment may be required. Offer ends October 31, 2020. Not all customers or applicants may This publication fits the niche of our unique farmers and ranchers o r r a t e o r t e r m . C N H I n d u s t r i a l C a p i t a l A m e r i c a L L C . s t a n d a r d t e r m s a n d c o n d i t i o n s a p p l f y . T a x e s , f r e i g h t , s e t u p , d e l i v e r y , a d ditional options or attachme Hurry! Ofinfceludresd inesunggdesteO ctober 31, 2020. Excludes commercial haytools and equipment. of the Midwest, and the diverseness we have in our area. Although d retail price. Offer subject to change or cancellation without notice. **For commercial use only. See your participating New Holland dealer in the United States for and eligibility requirements. Cash back applied at time of sale. Offer is nontransferable. Cash back offers are only available when ﬁnancing purchase with CNH Industrial Capital Capital A the Missouri River divides our state, we are all South Dakotans and LLC. Offer ends October 31, 2020. Offer subject to change or cancellation without notice. © 2020 CNH Industrial America LLC. All rights reserved. CNH Industrial Capital and New Holl trademarks registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or afﬁliates. thank the land for supporting us each and every day. Our readers may be livestock ranchers or row crop farmers, and everywhere in between, however, we all have a common goal in mind. We feed and support the growing population, and want the next generation to find that same love and support that agriculture pp Scott SuppSlycoCttoSmup alnyyCompa can offer. 2 8 0 0 W e s t H a v e n s Mitc5h7e3ll0, 2S 80 0ttWSeusptpH veon , aM hell, ,SD We’re all South Dakota Farmers and Ranchers’ and when you co lyaC msp nw yit.c w w s c o t t s u advertise in South Dakota Farm & Ranch, you are immersing your scitocthteslu ply5c7o3.0c1opmplyco.c 2800 West Haw vew nsw, .M l, pSD 605-996-7704 company, product, and service into a growing community of dedicated 7704 wo wm w.psa co tytsu6 p0 p5 ly-c9o9.c6o-m S c o t t S u p p l y C n farmers and ranchers. Welcome to South Dakota Farm & Ranch! -996-7704 2800 West Havens, Mitche6ll,05SD 57301 To subscribe to this FREE publication, contact South Dakota Farm w w w . s c o t t s u p p l y c o . c o m & Ranch. *For commercial use only. Customer participation subject to credit qualiﬁcation and approval by CNH Industrial Capital A Contact Us H6 ol0 land5de-a9 ler f9 or 6 detail7 s an7 d e0 lig4 ibility requirements. Down payment may be required. Offer ends October 31, 2020. Not
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Holland dealer for details and eligibility requirements. Down payment may be required. Offer ends October 31, 2020. Not all customers or applicants may qualify for rate or term. CNH Industrial Capital America LLC. standard terms and conditions apply. Taxes, freight, set-up, delivery, additional options or attachments not included in suggested retail price. Offer subject to change or cancellation without notice. **For commercial use only. See your participating New Holland dealer in the United States for details and eligibility requirements. Cash back applied at time of sale. Offer is nontransferable. Cash back offers are only available when ﬁnancing purchase with CNH Industrial Capital Capital America LLC. Offer ends October 31, 2020. Offer subject to change or cancellation without notice. © 2020 CNH Industrial America LLC. All rights reserved. CNH Industrial Capital and New Holland are trademarks registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or afﬁliates.
October 2020 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH 3
Happy Harvest 2020
AUCTIONEER D I R E C TO RY Be sure to watch the Mitchell Republic’s Classifieds for upcoming listings of auctions! See these Auctioneers for all of your Real Estate, Farm, Household, Consignments, Business Liquidation or other needs.
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4 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH October 2020
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The basics of raising
Metro Creative any people subscribe to the notion that “everything is better with bacon.” Imagine being able to control the quality and flavor of pork products, and knowing just what went into producing delicious bacon? In an era of growing uncertainty about commercially produced food, many agriculturally inclined people are raising livestock right on their properties, and small-scale pig farms can be a successful venture. Despite pigs’ reputation as dirty animals, the animal resource PetHelpful indicates they are actually one of the cleanest farm animals. Pigs tend to wallow in mud only if they do not have proper shade and a clean, steady water supply to regulate their body temperature. Furthermore, giving pigs plenty of space to roam will enable them to keep dry, clean and cool.
Pens should be large enough so pigs can sleep and eat on one end and use the other end for soiling. Pigs also are intelligent animals that will adapt to routine. This means it may be easier to care for pigs than some other farm animals. Even though pigs can grow to be quite large, they do not need to live on an expansive farm. Many pigs can live quite well on an acre if their pen and foraging areas are rotated periodically. Data from the past 50 years shows that today’s pig farms use less land and other resources to produce one pound of pork, according to the National Pork Board. Therefore, raising pigs can be a sustainable undertaking. According to Mother Earth News, when selecting pig breeds for a pig farm startup, these are popular as lean-meat producers and shouldn’t be hard to find: Yorkshire, Duroc-Jersey, Berkshire, Hampshire, Poland-China, Chester White and Tamworth. Choose sows (females) or barrows
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(castrated males) for the best-tasting meat. Also, keep in mind that pigs are social animals, and even though the average family will do just fine with one pig’s worth of meat, pigs do better if raised in pairs or more. Pigs need a varied diet to thrive. Diets should include grain, milk, fruits, vegetables, and greens from pasture. Experts suggest novices ask a veterinarian or another pig farmer about feeding. A family garden or bartering with other families nearby for food materials can keep feeding costs minimal. Many pigs can be butchered by the age of six or seven months. After pigs reach that age, they begin to grow quite large and become a much larger investment of time and money. Pig farming can be a worthwhile venture. More in-depth information on raising pigs is available at http://porkgateway.org/resource/ introduction-to-raising-pigs/.
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Corn harvest ahead of schedule in 2020 Matt Gade / Republic
A combine makes it way through a row of corn before turning around to start another pass while harvesting a field on Friday, Oct. 2 northeast of Emery.
By Erik Kaufman Mitchell Republic
YIELDS, ACREAGE FORECAST TO BE UP FROM 2019
Collin Waltner easily picked the biggest difference between his corn harvest this year compared to the same time last year. “We actually have the combine turned on,” Waltner said. The farmer, who works land near Freeman, is not alone. The 2020 corn harvest is underway throughout South Dakota and across the country, and producers large and small can be seen toiling away in the fields as they work to bring in the crop they sowed in the spring. 2020 harvest much better for Bridgewater farmer than in 2019 It’s a considerably different scene from late September and early October of 2019, when farmers were dealing with a season that had seen record-setting rainfall and moisture throughout the state,
drowning out low spots and creating enough of a mess that some producers were never able to get into the field to harvest. Erik Gerlach, state statistician with the United States Agricultural Statistics Service in Sioux Falls, said the latest numbers from the USDA indicate that farmers are indeed ahead of the pace for last year, even if work on corn is just getting underway. “Right now (corn) harvest progress on our last progress report was at 10%. That’s ahead of the 5% average and certainly better than it was last year at 0%,” Gerlach said. Farmers are taking advantage of the relatively warm and dry conditions that were so lacking in 2019. Without flooded roads blocking the pathway to fields and the fields themselves dry and navigable for heavy equipment, the harvest season of 2020 is shaping up to be a cakewalk compared to the process farmers had to undergo last year. “It’s glorious,” said Waltner, who had just wrapped up his soybean harvest and begun bringing in his corn at the start of October. “Harvest is going really fast. The yields are not a bumper crop, but I’m happy with them.”
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Waltner said he planted around 210 acres of corn and has seen an estimated yield between 150 and 160 bushels per acre. That’s not over-the-top good, but he’ll take it compared to what he was able to bring in last year, when the crop he was able to get to brought in around 80 bushels per acre. Gerlach said producers were forecast to see around 168 bushels per acre on corn, which is an increase of about 24 bushels per acre forecast for producers last year. The 2019 forecast for bushels was 144, 2018 was 160, 2017 was 145 and 2016 was 161. Including the forecast for 2020, the average over those years comes in at 155.6 bushels per acre. The main factor in improved yield forecast is unquestionably the weather, Gerlach said. “In the trend, clearly there’s a lot that goes into it. But in the spring they were able to get into the field, and also technology advances as seed corn continues to improve on genetics, which continues to improve on yield,” Gerlach said. The dry conditions also meant more corn planted in 2020. Gerlach said South Dakota saw an estimated 5.4 million acres of corn planted, which is up from 4.35 million acres last year. 2018 was similar to this year, with 5.3 million acres planted, 2017 saw 5.7 million acres planted and 2016 saw 5.6 million acres planted. The numbers show just how much of an impact the heavy rains had on production in 2019, Gerlach said. “Of course, last year there was a considerable amount of prevented planting,” Gerlach said. As for what is expected to be harvested this year, Gerlach said 2020 is shaping up to be the biggest crop since 2017. The latest survey for 2020 forecasts total acres of corn harvested at 4.92 million acres, which would be up from the 3.87 million acres harvested in 2019. About 4.86 million acres were harvested in 2018 and 5.08 million acres were harvested in 2017. Of the last five years, 2016 was the most successful harvest with 5.13 million acres brought in from the field.
Scott Stahl, who farms between Emery and Bridgewater, was a little further along in his corn harvest, figuring he had harvested about 40 percent of his corn with the sunny, dry conditions allowing him access to areas he couldn’t reach last year. “It’s a really nice start to harvest. It’s nice to have dry roads and drivable roads and dry fields, and in some way that makes harvest easier,” Stahl said. “You don’t have to worry about that excess moisture.” Stahl, who in addition to farming full time also serves as vice president for District 8 for South Dakota Corn, said there is just no factor as important to the harvest process as
crimped growth a bit at the end of the growth cycle. “Some of the yield was taken back by a bit of drought. That drought started in Iowa and crept this way. I do think some of the yield was taken back by the hot, dry days in August, but we’re still very happy with the yield,” Stahl said. Stahl said he was seeing 200 bushels of corn per acre in some areas, while noting that inconsistent rainfall likely changed yield totals significantly over relatively short distances. He estimated that farmers near each other may experience differences in yields because the rainfall difference between two locations just a few miles apart was
It’s a really nice start to harvest. It’s nice to have dry roads and drivable roads and dry fields, and in some way that makes harvest easier. You don’t have to worry about that excess moisture.. – SCOTT STAHL decent weather, and the difference between 2019 and 2020 couldn’t be more stark, he said. “There is no doubt the weather is always the biggest factor in farming. God is in control. In 2018 and 2019 we had excessive water in our pattern and saturated soils,” Stahl said. “The number one limiting factor on corn production in South Dakota year after year is water availability to the plant and during the reproductive cycle.” And while plants received enough of that needed moisture thanks to subsoil moisture left over from last year and timely rains that boosted growth when it was needed, the dry conditions of the fall may have
enough to affect plant growth. “We had variable rain totals throughout the year. My dad and I live five miles apart. We had 30 hundredths and he had over three inches in August. In that five mile span there is a lot of variable in yields experienced,” Stahl said. Both Stahl and Waltner noted that corn prices had inched upward recently, which is also an encouraging sign. One reason for that is China deciding to purchase more corn from the United States. The latest corn prices show corn at about $3.80 per bushel, which is the highest it’s been in all of 2020 and the highest since October of 2019. “China finally blinked as far as
grain is concerned. They don’t like to have low reserves and that’s what’s driving prices,” Waltner said. Stahl also noted the derecho storm in Iowa in August caused considerable damage to the corn crop, which reduced supply while demand for the product remained steady. “In August there was a deterioration of the crop with the derecho, which has created an upward trend in corn prices. Our foreign buyers like China have stepped up to the plate and purchased more grain than they have historically, and that’s creating some upward trends in the markets,” Stahl said. “But there’s still room for improvement. Another part of what’s holding it back is ethanol is not back to use as it was before COVID-19. With less people on the road, they use less gasoline, but (prices) look better than they did 60 days ago.” In addition to decent yield numbers and slowly improving prices, Stahl also said the quality of the corn coming in is excellent. “I would pass along that the quality is outstanding. We’re seeing very good test weights and quality grain, and that helps provide good efficiency for feeding at storage,” Stahl said. The season is not without its challenges, however. Stahl said the hot, dry weather can take its toll on stalks, and he’s working diligently to get his corn out of the field before those stalks begin to have trouble standing, which makes it difficult for combining. “Standability is something we’re keeping an eye on and making sure we get it harvested in a timely manner,” Stahl said. With the weather forecast favorable for harvest conditions, Stahl and Waltner expect they’ll have their crops out in relatively short order if everything continues as it currently is. It may not be a perfect harvest season, but it’s a step above and beyond 2019, and farmers will take it, they said. “The engine is running, and we should be done in two weeks to 20 days,” Waltner said.
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2007 NH L175 Skid Steer Loader, 60 hp, 2,000 lb. Lift, 3,062 hours, Hand/Foot Controls, 2-Speed, 12.00x16.5 Tires, Hydraulic Coupler, 72 in. LPE Bucket 2013 Case IH 3330 Patriot Self-Propelled Sprayer, approximately 2,100 hours, 250 hp, 1,000 gal., 120 ft. Boom, Luxury Cab, Active Suspension, 380/90R46 Tires, Pro 700 Monitor, AIM Command, AccuBoom Section Control, AutoBoom Height Control, Chemical Eductor, Fenders, Autoguidance
JD 1770 CCS 24R30 Planter, Front-Fold, Bulk Fill, Electric Clutches, MudSmith Gauge Wheels, Residue Managers, Liquid Fertilizer Plumbing – 0% LOW RATE FINANCING FOR 5 YEARS ON SELECT USED PLANTERS! 2011 Case IH 1250 24R30 Planter, Front-Fold, Floating No-Till Residue Managers, Liquid Fertilizer – 0% LOW RATE FINANCING FOR 5 YEARS ON SELECT USED PLANTERS! 2003 Case IH RMX370 28 ft. Disk, Cushion Gang, 8-Bolt Walking Tandems on Main Frame & Wings, 3- Bar Mulcher DMI 730 7-Shank Disk-Disk-Ripper
USED CROP PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT
H&S Hi-Capacity 16-Wheel V-Rake 2017 Ferris F800X Zero-Turn Mower, 359 hours, 31 hp, 60 in. Suspended Power Fold Deck, Wide Rear Stance 2020 Westfield WRX 8 in. x 31 ft. Auger, Intake Hopper Kit, Wheel Kit, Electric Motor Drive 2016 Batco 13 in. x 30 ft. Belt Conveyor, Dual Hydraulic and Electric Drive 2011 Batco 13 in. x 40 ft. Belt Conveyor, Hydraulic Drive 2009 Westfield WR 10 in. x 61 ft. Auger 2008 Westfield MK 10 in. x 81 ft. Auger, Low Profile Swing Hopper Sudenga 12 in. x 82 ft. Auger, Swing Hopper with Mover Koyker Super 85C 8 in. x 71 ft. Auger, Swing Hopper Kuhn Knight 3160 Commercial Reel Feeder Wagon, 3 ft. 4-Auger Discharge, 2 Scales, 425/65R22.5 Tires, 1000 PTO, Bucket Guards 2018 Edge Post Pounder/Puller, Skid Steer Mount Danuser F8 Post Hole Digger, 3-pt., 12 in. x 52 in. Auger Brent 678 Grain Cart, Red, 630 bu., Corner Auger, 24.5x32 Tires, Scale, Tarp, Hyd. Pivoting Unload Spout
0% LOW RATE FINANCING FOR 5 YEARS ON SELECT USED PLANTERS!
JD 1770 CCS 24R30 Planter, Front-Fold, Bulk Fill, Electric Clutches, MudSmith Gauge Wheels, Residue Managers, Liquid Fertilizer Plumbing –
2010 Case IH 5088, 1,545 engine hours, 1,091 rotor hours, 30.5L32 Drive Tires, 28L-26 Rear Tires, Field Tracker, Rock Trap, Long Unloading Auger, Chopper, Pro 600, Maurer Grain Tank Ext.
2800 W. Havens 605-996-7704 1-800-952-2308 Mitchell, SD “Where SERVICE Means More Than The Sale Itself”
2.5% for 3 Years! 2002 NH 1475 16 ft., 1000 PTO 1999 NH 1475 16 ft., 1000 PTO
USED MOWER CONDITIONERS
0% for 5 Years! 2013 NH BR7090 Specialty Crop, Net/Twine, 7,400 bales, Endless Belts, Wide Pickup, 1000 PTO 2013 Case IH RB564 Premium, Net/Twine, Wide 5-Bar Pickup, 1000 PTO, 21.5x16.1 Tires, Moisture Monitor 2004 NH BR780, Net/Twine, Bale Command, XtraSweep Pickup, Laced Belts, 1000 PTO 2003 Case IH RBX562, Twine, Wide Pickup, Laced Belts, 1000 PTO 1985 Hesston 5585, 540 PTO
USED ROUND BALERS
2010 Case IH 5088, 1,545 engine hours, 1,091 rotor hours, 30.5L32 Drive Tires, 28L-26 Rear Tires, Field Tracker, Rock Trap, Long Unloading Auger, Chopper, Pro 600, Maurer Grain Tank Ext. 1981 IH 1420, 4,395 hours 2014 Case IH 3162 40 ft. Flexible Draper Head 2008 Case IH 1020 30 ft., 3 in. Cut, Full-Finger Auger
0% for 5 Years on Select Used Combines & Heads! 2013 Case IH 8230, 2,115 engine hours, 1,633 rotor hours, 620/70R42 Duals, 750/65R26 Rear Tires, Field Tracker, Rock Trap, Long Unloading Auger with Pivoting Spout, Independent Cross Auger Control, Chopper, Pro 700, Luxury Cab, HID Lights, Autoguidance 2012 Case IH 7130, 2,270 engine hours, 1,767 rotor hours, 20.8x42 Duals, 600/65R38 Rear Tires, Field Tracker, Rock Trap, 300 bu. Grain Tank, Long Unloading Auger, Chopper, HID Lights, Yield Monitor
USED COMBINES & HEADS
3.75% for 5 Years on MY09 & Newer 100+ PTO hp & 4WD Tractors! 2012 Case IH Steiger 450 4WD, 1,203 hours, 710/70R42 Duals, Luxury Cab, Cab Suspension, HID Lights, High-Capacity Hydraulics, 1000 PTO, GPS 2007 Case IH Maxxum 110 MFD, 90 PTO hp, 7,517 hours, 18.4x38 Rear Tires, 14.9x28 Front Tires, Cab Suspension, 540/1000 PTO, 2 Rear Remotes, With Case IH L740 Loader, 8 ft. Bucket, 4-Tine Grapple, Joystick 1953 IH Super H, Narrow Front
2011 Case IH 1250 24R30 Planter, Front-Fold, Floating No-Till Residue Managers, Liquid Fertilizer –
2012 Case IH Steiger 450 4WD, 1,203 hours, 710/70R42 Duals, Luxury Cab, Cab Suspension, HID Lights, High-Capacity Hydraulics, 1000 PTO, GPS
0% LOW RATE FINANCING FOR 5 YEARS ON SELECT USED PLANTERS!
2012 Case IH 7130, 2,270 engine hours, 1,767 rotor hours, 20.8x42 Duals, 600/65R38 Rear Tires, Field Tracker, Rock Trap, 300 bu. Grain Tank, Long Unloading Auger, Chopper, HID Lights, Yield Monitor 2014 Case IH 3162 40 ft. Flexible Draper Head
2013 Case IH 8230, 2,115 engine hours, 1,633 rotor hours, 620/70R42 Duals, 750/65R26 Rear Tires, Field Tracker, Rock Trap, Long Unloading Auger with Pivoting Spout, Independent Cross Auger Control, Chopper, Pro 700, Luxury Cab, HID Lights, Autoguidance
5% PRESELL DISCOUNT
NEW 2021 AFS CONNECT STEIGER 620 QUADTRAC
3.25% FOR 6 YEARS!
$47,985 + tax per year
335 hp, 1,600 gal., 135 ft., AIM Command Flex, Automated Rinse, 3 years, 300 hours per year
Lease a NEW 2020 PATRIOT 4440 SPRAYER
24-MONTH INTEREST WAIVER!
0% FOR 5 YEARS ON SELECT USED COMBINES
NEW SPEED-TILLER 475 31 FT. HIGH-SPEED DISK
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COMING THIS OCTOBER!
Class 7, HarvestCommand Automation, Loaded
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2021 PRE-SELL TIME MEANS IT’S CLOSE-OUT TIME ON OUR NEW CASE IH INVENTORY!
+ tax per year
+ tax per year ----------------------------------with New L105 Loader
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140 PTO hp, 3 years, 300 hours per year
125 PTO hp, 3 years, 300 hours per year
Lease a NEW 2020 Puma 165 PowerDrive
Lease a NEW 2020 Maxxum 150 ActiveDrive 8
GOVERNMENT LEASE RETURN TRACTORS
Sam Fosness / Republic
Brad Greenway, of Mount Vernon, combines the soybean fields on his Mount Vernon farm on an early October afternoon.
Dry weather helping farmers harvest good soybean crop after historic wet year By Sam Fosness Mitchell Republic
It’s a good crop, and we have had some beautiful harvest weather so far. Last year we had grain carts, combines and trucks getting stuck in fields, so it’s a blessing not having to deal with that this year. – BRAD GREENWAY
MOUNT VERNON — WHAT A DIFFERENCE A YEAR MAKES.
That’s how soybean farmers in southeast South Dakota are characterizing this year’s harvesting season. After many area towns endured through their wettest year on record in 2019, soybean producers had only harvested roughly 30% of the state’s soybean crops in early October of last year. But that all changed in 2020, bringing with it very little precipitation, which has cleared the way for producers to have harvested 60% of the state’s soybean crops as of Oct. 4, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. At this time last year, Brad Greenway hadn’t even begun harvesting his soybean crops as they were sitting in a field drenched in water. But as of early October this year, the Mount Vernon farmer already harvested roughly 50% of his soybean crops, thanks to Mother Nature bringing warm and dry weather that’s been making for a great harvest.
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10 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH October 2020
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which forced the Greenways to
USDA. The average soybean yield
in 2019 was just over 47 bushels
“We’re really dry right now,
“excellent,” 6% “poor” and 3%
and the beans are showing it,”
“very poor,” according to USDA’s
Greenway said. “It’s a completely
prices have managed to climb
Oct. 4 weekly crop report.
different story this year. We are
in South Dakota. At the Gavilon
truly blessed to have everything
Grain elevator in Kimball, Todd
Yeaton, Gavilon Grain manager,
and warm fall weather has the harvest season going smooth for
As of the USDA’s recent Oct.
Greenway this year, he said his
4 report, 96% of the state’s
crops could have used a bit more
soybean crops were planted this
rain. Considering his crops were
year, marking a 24% increase
drenched during the wettest year
than what was planted in 2019.
that the Mitchell area experienced
Last year, there were roughly
3.50 million acres of soybeans
Greenway to plant roughly 50%
planted in the state. With the dry
of his soybean crops — he’s not
year the state has experienced
complaining about the dryer than
in 2020, that number shot up
have had some beautiful harvest
to 5.20 million planted acreage
weather so far,” said Greenway,
brought to the area.
“It’s a good crop, and we
of soybeans, marking a 49% increase from 2019, according to
per acre. More
has seen soybean prices increase to roughly $9.50 this year, a near $1.50 spike from the 2019 prices that fluctuated around $8 at Kimball Gavilon Grain elevator. “With the yields and current prices, there is a great opportunity for farmers to make some real money,” Yeaton said. “It’s a complete 180 from last year. We are seeing beans as high as they have been in quite some time”
Although the summer was very
combining the fields. “Last year
dry, an early June hail storm that
we had grain carts, combines and
brought severe wind gusts to the
Despite the 1,000 acres of the
trucks getting stuck in fields, so
Mount Vernon area caused severe
hail damaged crops, the yields
deals that have been made with
it’s a blessing not having to deal
damage to roughly 1,000 acres
are coming in “pretty good” for
with that this year.”
of their corn and soybean crops,
Greenway’s soybeans. Greenway’s
the USDA’s statistics.
soybean prices to the U.S. trade and
yields have been hovering around
“With China coming in and
40 to 60 bushels per acre, on par
buying more, and the amount of
with South Dakota’s forecasted
business that has been done after
average yield that’s roughly 50
that trade deal with China has
bushels per acre, according to the
been big,” Yeaton said.
Sam Fosness / Republic
Brad Greenway, of Mount Vernon, combines the soybean fields on his Mount Vernon farm on an early October afternoon while his dog watches.
October 2020 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH 11
HOW TO SUPPORT LOCAL AGRICULTURE THIS FALL Metro Creative The global pandemic that has upended daily life has exacted a toll on many industries. Businesses have been asked to close or temporarily scale back operations, while organizers of recreational gatherings have been tasked with reevaluating the practicality and safety of annual events. Throughout the United States and Canada, autumn fairs, exhibitions and activities provide revenue for many people. But due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus, many of these annual events have been postponed, adversely affecting local agricultural industries as a result. Governments in certain places have responded to the cancellations and offered assistance to local farmers and agricultural industries. For example, the Province of Ontario is providing nearly $1 million to assist organizations that had to cancel fall events due to the coronavirus pandemic. In addition to supporting such efforts, the general public can pitch in to help offset some of the financial losses accrued by local farms. ► Check for virtual events. Some fall fairs or livestock events have been moved to the digital realm. That means competitors who were entering livestock or even home crafts into competitions can still participate. Organizers may ask for videos or photos of entries and then a committee will vote on the winners. This is one way to keep entry fees and even cash prizes moving along. ► Support local farms or orchards. Fall is harvest season in many areas, making this a popular time of year to visit nearby farms and to purchase fruits and vegetables directly from the source. Many farms have implemented safety protocols that align with COVID-19 health recommendations to safely welcome visitors. Things may look a little differently at orchards and farms, but smaller crowds and wearing masks should not compromise the fun of picking your own foods. ► Explore farm-to-table. Private individuals as well as restaurant owners can develop relationships with area agriculture producers to increase the availability of farm-totable offerings. Restaurants can revamp menus to include a greater share of items sourced from nearby farms. Individuals also can rely on produce stands and farmersÕ markets to stock their pantries. Some farms may offer delivery and mail-order as well. ► Offer financial services. Financial advisors can help farmers who are struggling with finances work through their options. Institutions may be able to extend the terms of loan repayments, refinance loans, restructure debt, or get credit extensions. Lower interest rates have created some new opportunities farmers may not be aware of. Financial advisors can help farmers navigate an uncertain financial time. Farmers and agricultural organizations are facing greater challenges as fall fairs and other events are being canceled. The public can support agriculture in different ways to offset the financial losses stemming from the pandemic.
12 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH October 2020
Do You Need?
• Herd Health/Market Ready Calves • Portable Corral/Hydraulic Chute • Select Vac Enrollment • Herd Production Reports
Service On-Farm or Haul-in 999-4510
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Matt Gade / Republic
Scott Stahl visits with the driver of his truck while the corn is dumped into the back of a trailer as a field is harvested on Friday, Oct. 2 northeast of Emery.
TIPS FOR SAFER FARMING AGRICULTURE IS A TOUGH BUSINESS. YOUR LENDER SHOULD BE, TOO. We deliver financial strength to help you grow, attractive rates to give you an edge, insurance to protect your risk and cash-back dividends that deliver something more. Learn more by calling the Mitchell office at 605-996-2774. 401 Cabela Drive Mitchell, SD fcsamerica.com
Metro Creative Tractor accidents, grain entrapment and injuries from ornery livestock are just some of the dangers agricultural workers face every day. In fact, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health says agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States. In 2016, the agricultural industry had a rate of 21.4 deaths per 100,000 workers, and each day agricultural workers experienced 100 non-fatal, lost-work-time injuries. Agricultural dangers are not limited to North America. In Ireland, farm accidents have increased by 13 percent in the last five years and by 31 percent in the last decade, according to a national survey of farm accidents conducted by the Teagasc National Farm Survey. Furthermore, 97 percent of all farm accident victims required medical treatment. Farms are dangerous places, and while carelessness can and does contribute to many incidents, accidents also take place during routine, seemingly safe activities. These farm safety guidelines can help lower the risk of injuries. ► Know farm equipment. Read and follow all instructions in the equipment operation manuals. In addition, attend local farm safety workshops to learn more about specific equipment and products. ► Conduct routine safety checks. Look around buildings and grounds for obvious hazards, such as fire hazards and hazardous materials, including farm chemicals that are not stored correctly. ► Practice cleanliness. Maintain clean and neat work areas with tools stored properly and out of the way after use. ► Be mindful of your clothing and hair. Many accidents involve a power take-off system, or PTO, which is a common component of large rotary mowers, tractors and forage choppers. Clothing can easily get caught in an engaged but unguarded PTO stub. It’s easy for laces or coveralls to become wrapped around a spinning stub shaft. The PTO driveline and other protrusion points also can be dangerous if people do not pay attention. ► Use rollover protection structures. ROPS can be used on tractors and other equipment to prevent injuries. In addition, wear seat belts and employ other safety equipment as advised. ► Avoid extra passengers. It can be tempting to take the kids for a spin, but do not allow additional passengers to ride on agricultural equipment. ► Exercise caution when handling chemicals. Take extra precautions when handling any chemicals, including pesticides. ► Wear protective gear. Wear appropriate gear and equipment as outlined by NIOSH or the Mine Safety and Health Administration. Make sure the skin, feet, ears, eyes, and hands are protected at all times. ► Employ lock out/tag out control. This is a process where one can work on equipment only after every energy source has been controlled, such as hydraulic, pneumatic, mechanical, and electrical, according to Rural Mutual Insurance Company. Turning off equipment and using certain controls or locks on devices can prevent equipment from restarting before it is safe to do so. Farm safety should be a priority for owners, their families and employees so that agricultural injuries can be reduced.
October 2020 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH 13
EXPLORE A CAREER IN
AGRICULTURE Metro Creative The agricultural industry provides a variety of opportunities to professionals interested in this often misunderstood field. According to the employment resource AGCareers.com, more than 250 career profiles are available to people interested in a career in agriculture. And while jobs in agriculture may not be as prevalent as they were a few centuries ago, when 72 percent of the workforce was employed in farm occupations in the United States, agriculture remains a booming industry that greatly affects the nation’s economy. Today, one in 12 American jobs depend on agriculture, according to the career resource Payscale. The following are some potential professions for those considering careers in agriculture. ► Agricultural business manager: This person oversees the business operations of a farm by providing organization and leadership during the production process. He or she contacts creditors, selects seeds, buys new equipment, and ensures the distribution of product. ► Agricultural lawyer: Attorneys who specialize in agriculture deal with water and environmental issues, represent agricultural labor in disputes, ensure proper marketing techniques are followed, handle real estate and land use issues, and much more. ► Animal control officer: These officers enforce local and regional laws that pertain to the treatment and care of animals. They patrol for distressed animals and ensure cruelty-free practices are adhered to. ► Grain buyer: Grain buyers build relationships with producers so they can purchase grain for their particular companies. They negotiate purchase agreements, source grain supplies and issue purchase orders.
► Poultry hatchery manager: Hatchery managers oversee all of the aspects involved in poultry hatching. These can include management of personnel, handling and sorting of eggs, maintenance of equipment, coordination of pick-ups and deliveries, and overseeing quality control. ► Soil scientist: Among the many tasks they might perform, scientists in the field of agriculture test soil samples for minerals and contaminants. By studying the soil, scientists can recommend which crops the land can support, how much livestock can feed in an area and the implications of agriculture on the area as it pertains to managing natural resources. A career in agriculture presents many exciting opportunities in a number of different applications. It’s a vast industry that utilizes professionals with an array of skill sets.
SOUTH DAKOTA HABITAT Habitat is crucial to the things we enjoy about our state. Through a variety of programs and partnerships, South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks is constantly working to preserve and improve quality habitat.
14 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH October 2020
The habitat decal is our way of saying thank you for your voluntary donation to the Second Century Habitat Fund. After making your gift, you will receive the decorative decal to display as you wish, along with a thank you letter that serves as a receipt for tax purposes. The Second Century Habitat Fund is a nonprofit organization that serves as a resource to landowners and conservation organizations seeking to improve habitat. To learn more about the Second Century Habitat Fund or to make a donation, visit gfp.sd.gov/ donate-to-habitat.
The South Dakota State Legislature passed a bill requiring sportsmen and women 18 and over to purchase a Habitat Stamp. The Habitat Stamp is a yearly certification that is required to purchase general hunting, fishing and furbearer licenses. To learn more about the Habitat Stamp, please view the Habitat Stamp FAQ at gfp.sd.gov/ userdocs/docs/Habitat_Stamp_FAQ.pdf
The goal of EVERY ACRE COUNTS is to improve the profitability, diversity, and ecosystem benefits of agriculture. By harnessing precision technologies, this program empowers producers to make informed management decisions for every acre of an operation. This program is available to any producer in the state of South Dakota dealing with eroded, salty or wetland soils. EVERY ACRE COUNTS is in partnership with South Dakota State University Extension, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, SD Corn, Pheasants forever, SD Soil Health coalition, Ducks unlimited, and Agtegra
ANTHONY BLY SDSU Extension Soils Field Specialist 605.782.3290 firstname.lastname@example.org MATTHEW DIERSEN Professor and SDSU Extension Risk/ Business Management Specialist 605.688.4864 email@example.com
How Can You Improve
FARM SAFETY? ALPENA
Coop Service 831 Main Ave • Alpena, SD
Appliance Sales & Service Heating & Cooling Services Electrical Wiring Generators
You can start by increasing your awareness of farming hazards and making a conscious effort to prepare for emergency situations including fires, vehicle accidents, electrical shocks from equipment and wires, and chemical exposures. Be especially alert to hazards that may affect children and the elderly. Minimize hazards by carefully selecting the products you buy to ensure that you provide good tools and equipment. Always use seat belts when operating tractors, and establish and maintain good housekeeping practices.
Here are some other steps you can take to reduce illnesses and injuries on the farm: 1
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2 3 Business: 605-770-2957 Home: 605-449-4939
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Read and follow instructions in equipment operator’s manuals and on product labels. Inspect equipment routinely for problems that may cause accidents. Discuss safety hazards and emergency procedures with your workers. Install approved rollover protective structures, protective enclosures, or protective frames on tractors.
Make sure that guards on farm equipment are replaced after maintenance.
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Phone: 605-239-4335 Fax: 605-239-9335
Review and follow instructions in material safety data sheets (MSDSs) and on labels that come with chemical products and communicate information on these hazards to your workers.
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Scott & Mary Tilberg, Agents 1140 Spruce Street · PO Box 128 Alexandria, SD 57311 605.239.4513
Thank you to our area Farmers and Ranchers!
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October 2020 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH 15
F AVOR I T E F AM I L Y
Bob’s Farm Service BOB’S FARM SERVICE We Appreciate all the Farmer’s
Maximize Your Profits! Take Control When Your Grain Goes to Market.
Double Pumpkin Sticky Buns Ingredients 1 cup milk, scalded 1 cup cooked pumpkin ½ cup butter 2 t salt Filling 1½ cups brown sugar ¾ cup melted butter 2 T cinnamon Syrup ½ cup butter ½ cup water 1 cup brown sugar
1 cup sugar 1 egg 2 T quick-rise yeast 5½ cups flour
Directions In blender combine slightly cooled milk, sugar and pumpkin. Blend until pureed; pour into mixer bowl.
Designed for grains weighing up to
Farm bins utilize strong
Farm bin peak load roof ratings up to
Systems standard with
GALVANIZED G115 STEEL
64 LB/BUSHEL! 10,000 LBS.
10 YEAR WARRANTY
10 YEAR WARRANTIES
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Add all other ingredients. Using the dough hook mix at low speed for 5 minutes. Add small amount of flour if very sticky. Place dough in large greased bowl; cover with plastic wrap. Allow to rise in warm place until double in size. Mix butter, water and brown sugar to make syrup. Divide syrup between four 9-inch round pans. Roll dough out in large rectangle about 12 inches by ½-inch-thick on lightly floured surface. Spread with melted butter. Sprinkle with brown sugar and cinnamon; roll it up. Cut roll at ¾-inch intervals. Place into pans; cover and allow to double in size. Bake 25 to 30 minutes at 350 degrees until lightly browned. Cool about 5 minutes; invert on plate to cool. Makes about 24 sticky buns Courtesy of Cherlyn Beachy/For Agri-View
16 SOUTH DAKOTA FARM & RANCH October 2020
WE SERVICE WHAT WE SELL
39262 2nd Ave, Armour, SD 605-724-2105 • www.bobsfarmservice.com