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Commencement Issue 2019



A look back on SG presidents Over the past four years, USC students have elected student body presidents that aimed to enact change on campus. These four years have also seen those presidents come under scrutiny after budgeting issues and failure to fulfill presidential duties. Those same administrations also worked to advance mental health awareness and services on campus, increase awareness of sexual assault and relationship violence and get a student vote on the Board of Trustees. —compiled by Hannah Dear



Jonathan Kaufman, a Spanish and political science student, served as student body president for the 2015-2016 academic year. His platform centered around working directly with students so they could submit complaints and suggestions to Student Government and get updates on how the organization worked to fulfill their requests. Kaufman served alongside Lee Goble, student body vice president, and Ian Shannon, student body treasurer. His chief of staff, Trey Byars, resigned in September 2015 to work fulltime on Marco Rubio’s 2016 presidential campaign. Kaufman faced impeachment after he failed to appoint an elections commissioner by the deadline required by Student Government codes. The Student Senate acquitted him based on the evidence that he’d nominated third-year sociology and Russian student Cory Alpert in the allotted time


MICHAEL PARKS Michael Parks, a finance student, became student body president for the 2016-2017 academic year after a rocky campaign trail. His platform focused on “It’s On Us” (an organization dedicated to sexual assault and violence prevention), a price cut on sporting event concessions and a better understanding of off-campus housing. Parks was accused of voter fraud and coercion after allegedly pledging donations to Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity if members voted for him and setting up unofficial polling locations. Since there was a five violation point limit in 2016, Parks was originally disqualified from the presidential race after accumulating 5.5 violation points. However, he was later granted an appeal for one of the violations filed against him, taking him down to 4.5 violation points. Parks’ administration brought Cockstock and the Student Government Fall Awards to campus — events still held annually. Within Student Government, the funding process for organizations was cut from five weeks to two weeks, and the executives worked with students on changing the Greek Life meal plan.


ROSS LORDO Ross Lordo, a public health student, came to the presidency after serving as Michael Parks’ vice president. The highlights of Lordo’s presidency in the 20162017 academic year included working with the state legislature on getting a student vote on the Board of Trustees and lowering tuition increases as well as beginning work on the new student union. The student body president serves as a non-voting member of the Board of Trustees, but Lordo wanted to change that. In January 2018, Lordo and Nick Santamaria, the secretary of government relations, spoke before the Higher Education Subcommittee of the South Carolina House Education and Public Works Committee. Lordo’s attempt to change this was unsuccessful. “I think that this issue is more than just a Student Government thing,” Lordo said. “I hope the legacy of this is that future students continue to push and ask why they aren’t a part of the conversation.”


TAYLOR WRIGHT Taylor Wright, a public health student, most recently ended his time as student body president. Wright’s campaign pushed awareness for mental illness with Stigma Free USC and Carolina BeYOUtiful Week. It also focused on fee transparency and mobile ticketing for sporting events. Wright was the first student body president to serve alongside a speaker of the senate and a vice president solely focused on programming. After a graduate student’s death in fall 2017, USC expanded its mental health resources, and Student Government created Stigma Free USC to advocate for students and promote access to these services. Wright’s administration continued the initiative, expanding it to highlight eating disorders, particularly through Carolina BeYOUtiful Week in spring 2019. Wright signed the budget that inappropriately allocated $220,000 of student money in spring 2018. In addition to this budgeting error, Vice President Mills Hayes overspent $1,000 on the Student Government Fall Awards. Fall Awards ended abruptly after an ambulance was called for a student vomiting at City Art, the venue where the event was held.


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USC experiences growing pains MADDOX GREENE News Editor

USC’s campus has experienced various infrastructural expansions and movements in the past several years, including additional student housing, Russell House renovations and new buildings across campus. The growth has largely been resulted from increased enrollment, as university officials have had to accommodate more students. By 2017, enrollment had jumped 27% since Harris Pastides became president in 2008. Last year, Aramark, a customer service business that includes food, facilities and uniform services, funded a $9.5 million renovation in Russell House that added 12 new restaurants to the facility. The added restaurants include a full-service Chick-fil-A, Twisted Taco, Oath Craft Pizza, Congaree River Smokehouse and Panera Bread. Additionally, President Pastides promised in his State of the University address that year that the Carolina Coliseum would be renovated and repurposed to function as a larger, more modern student union. ThenStudent Body President Ross Lordo said students could expect the renovated Coliseum in less than 10 years. USC’s College of Hospitality, Retail and Sport Management is moving from the Carolina Coliseum to the Close-Hipp building in 2020 academic year as these renovations begin. The enrollment boom also resulted in some growing pains for student housing. Off-campus apartment complexes such as Park Place at Huger and Blossom Streets used to house upperclassmen, but now house freshmen. In 2016 the university planned a



Presidential hopefuls launch campaigns in South Carolina JOSEPH LEONARD News Writer

As President Barack Obama wrapped up his second term, Democrats and Republicans both had candidates stomping South Carolina ahead of the primaries. Marco Rubio spoke on campus and ZACHARY MCKINLEY // THE GAMECOCK Construction in the Russell House Student Union during summer 2018 brought new dining options.

$15 million expansion to add a third wing to the Honors Residence Hall, the living community for first-year Honors College students, which is now up the street from 650 Lincoln. USC spokesman Wes Hickman told The State this project would begin by the 2018-19 school year. The expansion has not yet begun. Last summer, Lieber College, which houses the undergraduate admissions office, had its heating and air-conditioning systems replaced last summer, and residence halls — Harper-Elliott College and DeSaussure College — got new windows. Academic departments saw change too, as the School of Journalism and Mass Communications relocated from the Carolina Coliseum to its current home at 800 Sumter St. The USC School of Law opened new doors in June 2017. The building cost $80 million and encompasses 187,500 square feet.

spoke at the Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center alongside U.S. Rep. Trey Gowdy at a town hall. Sen. Ted Cruz rallied a week later at the Columbia Armory, focusing his speech on veteran affairs, foreign threats and taxation. SEE PRESIDENT PAGE 5


Bernie Sanders rallied at the Russell House Theater that same day, encouraging students to vote. Donald Trump, Jeb Bush and John Kasich came together for a town hall at the USC School of Law the night before the South Carolina Republican primary. They fielded questions from moderator Anderson Cooper and the audience, and Trump won the primary the next day. Sanders and Hillary Clinton participated in their CNN town hall at the same venue the same day, but with Chris Cuomo moderating. Clinton walked away with the Democratic primary win. 2020 election brings candidates to Columbia Columbia has also been a hot spot for 2020 presidential candidates. Sanders came to South Carolina in the fall and held a Medicare For All rally in the Koger Center for the Arts. He also gave a speech at the Statehouse Dome on Martin Luther King Jr. day with Sen. Cory Booker.

Booker also began his presidential campaign at the Martin Luther King Jr. rally. He went on to hold a rally at the Cecil Tillis Center last month. Sen. Kamala Harris and supporters rallied in West Columbia in February on issues such as criminal justice reform, universal healthcare and immigration. Beto O’Rourke rallied on the Russell House patio a month later with USC students, faculty and alumni. Running on a moderate Democratic platform and saying she wants to bring unity back to America, Sen. Amy Klobuchar campaigned at the home of a former national chair of the Democratic National Convention. Former vice president Joe Biden announced his candidacy last week and is expected to campaign in South Carolina. Biden leads the Democratic presidential candidate polls. Columbia will likely see all the faces of the Democratic candidates as they try to gain a foothold in the Palmetto State, and President Trump will likely follow as the general election approaches.

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Pastides moves on after 11 years as president HANNAH DEAR Assistant News Editor

Harris Pastides will leave the University of South Carolina this year after serving as university president for 11 years. Pastides announced his retirement at the State of the University address in October 2018 alongside his wife, Patricia Moore-Pastides. “I have no doubt that USC is in a strong position now to recruit an able leader who has all the right stuff to take the reigns and hopefully to accelerate our progress,” Pastides said. The couple looks forward to spending more time with their family, and Moore-Pastides has plans to spend the next year writing. Still, Pastides said he will miss getting to know students. “When we weighed the importance of more family time, it was always counterbalanced by leaving the students,” Pastides said. “So I want them to know that I want to make the most of my remaining months of my tenure and they’ll always be first and foremost in my heart.” Involvement with students Over the years, both Pastides and his wife have invited students into their home and worked to intentionally connect with students across campus. “I loved when Dr. Pastides and Mrs. Pastides come and talk to us,” said Kat Gerrity, a third-year Spanish and international studies student. “It’s really cool to see them be so involved in our campus, and it really affects the whole community, it just makes everybody really happy to see them want to be involved with the students.” During Hurricane Florence, Pastides was supposed to speak at the annual State of the University address. When the event was canceled due to inclement weather, Pastides’ invited students to a pizza party so they could get to know their president and his wife. “I hope this conversation won’t be about school, but about life and things and get to know each other better,” Pastides said. “And you know why not, as they say, make lemonade out of lemons?” The President’s House opens every Halloween to students for trick-ortreating. Students show up to the

house dressed up to join the president and first lady, also donning costumes, in a Halloween party. Moore-Pastides invites different student organizations to help her plan and host the event. “We’ve done this every year I think since Harris became president, so this is our ninth year, and we just think it’s a way to have some good, clean fun on Halloween,” MoorePastides said at the 2016 event. Patricia Moore-Pastides Patricia Moore-Pastides has worked as the first lady of the university for the past 11 years. In 2017, Moore-Pastides wrote her book “At Home in the Heart in the Horseshoe,” which discusses the lives of past presidents who lived in the President’s House. “I feel like part of a legacy, that has a long, long history,” M o o r e Pastides said. During her time as f i r s t l a d y, M o o r e Pastides has taught a Healthy Mediterranean Cooking class to students and worked to

further sustainability at the university through gardening and education. “I really have a heart for our students,” Moore-Pastides said. “And I want to go out trying to be as uplifting as possible to all our students, to have them recognize that they’re all worthy.” Work at the university One high point of Pastides’ presidency was the Carolina Promise, a $1 billion campaign meant to help USC complete future projects. At the 2015 State of the University address, Pastides announced that the Carolina Promise total was $1.043 billion. He said the money provided for Carolina 2025, an initiative that would radically change life at USC. “I remember eyebrows being raised when we contemplated and then announced the goal,” Pastides said. “But I also knew that we had a great case to make, that we could pull together a great campaign committee, that non-alumni would contribute and that everyone wants to be on a winning team.” While fundraising for the university, Pastides also negotiated with state legislators on tuition increases and state funding. In 2016, Student Government and Pastides both spoke on behalf of the university to shed light on the importance of higher education and the funds universities receive from the state. “The funding we get, although diminished, is vitally important,” Pastides said. “We will never walk away from the state, ever ... You could take more money away from us, and that’s something we never hope to see, but we would still never walk away from the University of South Carolina.” Promoting inclusion Pastides also aimed to combat racism and bigotry during his 11 years at USC. After racist posters were hung in Gambrell Hall in spring 2018, Pastides held a #NotOnOurCampus rally to condemn racism and bigotry on campus and to emphasize the importance of inclusion and equity. “I say that racism will not be tolerated at the University of South Carolina,” Pastides said. SEE PASTIDES




“When university policies are violated, you will be held accountable by our equal opportunity program and student conduct office.” In recent years, USC has begun reconciling its past. A plaque was place on the Horseshoe in 2017 honoring the slaves who built and worked at the university, and in 2018 a statue of the first African American professor, Richard Greener, was unveiled next to Thomas Cooper Library. In 2015, Pastides announced he would work with John Dozier, chief diversity officer, on a new initiative to address racial issues called South Carolina Collaborative on Race and Reconciliation. Not all students were content with this new initiative, because they believed it focused only on speaking out against racism instead of actively working to prevent racism. Student organization USC 2020 led a walkout on Nov. 16, 2015 at Longstreet Theatre to protest Pastides’ initiative.

“Despite our efforts to spur committee action, provide our own programming, and advocate for our needs, we have seen few substantial changes in university policy or practices,” said an open letter to Pastides from USC 2020. “Therefore, we have yet again taken it upon ourselves to enact change at our university.” Students have also expressed their appreciation for Pastides’ inclusion efforts, particularly students from the National Panhellenic Council (NPHC), which includes nine historically black fraternities and sororities. “During Pastides time here, he has been very responsive to race-related issues that have come up,” co-presidents Kaelyn Heyward and Wayne Russ said in a written statement by the NPHC. “He truly believes that students from every background should be able to proudly call the University of South Carolina ‘home.’” Almeera Lateef, a third-year biochemistry and molecular biology student, agreed with the NPHC statement. “It’s great to have a president who really showcases the value of a school and stands for all

groups of students,” Lateef said. “I feel like the new president definitely has big shoes to fill.” 10-year anniversary Pastides celebrated 10 years as USC’s president fall 2018. He began as the dean of the Arnold School of Public Health in 1998, 10 years before being selected as president. In honor of this anniversary, there was a celebration at the weekly Health Carolina Farmers Market to mark Pastides’ contributions to the university, particularly those related to sustainability. Pastides delivered his 10th State of the University address, which not only discussed the growth of the university in the past decade, but also addressed how he hoped the university would grow in the next 10 years. “No one can guess what the world will be like a decade from now, in the same way I could not fully predict ahead from August 2008,” Pastides said in his remarks. “However, I can assure you that ten years from now, in 2028, our university will be different and better than today...stronger and more impactful. Because we must be.”

Four years of hurricanes in South Carolina HANNAH DEAR Assistant News Editor

Hurricanes have affected USC’s campus every year for the past four years. Causing strong winds and devastating floods, the storms — Joaquin, Matthew, Irma and Florence — were major events during each fall semester. Hurricane Joaquin caused intense flooding across South Carolina in October 2015 that resulted in at least 17 deaths and damaged property. The university cancelled classes for several days due to water being shut off in the city. In response to the historic flood, known as the 1,000-year flood, students rallied together to provide support in the community. UofSC Relief was started by student Cory Alpert to provide clothes, food, water

SHREYAS SABOO // THE GAMECOCK Storms hit Columbia after Hurricane Florence hit South Carolina on Sept. 18, 2018. Classes were cancelled for four days.

and toiletries to those affected by the flooding. While Hurricane Matthew did not hit Columbia as hard in 2016 as Joaquin did in 2015, students closer to the coast took refuge at USC. Students from College of

Charleston took shelter in empty beds in USC residence halls and received food vouchers to use during their stay. UofSC Relief reactivated, collecting donations for the community and sending groups out for disaster relief in

flood-damaged areas of South Carolina. Students were out of classes for one day in fall 2017 when Hurricane Irma caused tropical storm-level winds in Columbia. Student services remained open for the most part after

the risk was determined to be relatively low on campus. At the same time, the state was still recovering from the 1,000year flood because areas of Columbia were still damaged two years later. In 2018, Hurricane Florence was expected to severely affect Columbia, which led the university to cancel classes for four days. However, the decision to cancel classes on Sept. 17 was unexpectedly reversed as weather improved. Many students had left campus anyway, and the roads were filled with people trying to come back in time for classes. President Harris Pastides was scheduled give his State of the University Address during the week Florence hit, but instead used the time to have a pizza party for students who did not evacuate.



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CAROLINE KEYS// THE GAMECOCK Dance Marathon raises their goal of more than $1 million for the first time in spring 2018.

Dance Marathon raises more than $1 million for two consecutive years


USC Dance Marathon (USCDM), the largest student-led philanthropy group on campus, raises money for what is now the Child Life program at Prisma Health Children’s Hospital, previously under the name Palmetto Health Children’s Hospital. USCDM has grown significantly in the past four years, both in campus involvement and amount of money raised. In 2015, USCDM’s goal was to raise $500,000 during its 14-hour main event. At the end of the night, it was revealed that $501,528 had been raised for the Miracle kids, the motivation behind Dance Marathon’s mission. The following year, USCDM set a $600,119 fundraising goal. However, a little less than $528,000 was raised. Despite not reaching its 2016 goal, USCDM aimed to raise more than $100,000 more in 2017, setting a fundraising goal of $700,000 total. With this ambition in mind, USCDM kicked off its registration fundraising initiatives early, starting

in September of 2016. By the end of October, USCDM had registered more than 800 participants for the main event in 2017. USCDM’s goal of $700,000 was met in 2017, collecting a total of $703,289. For its 20th anniversary, Dance Marathon revealed its $1 million goal on Greene Street. In addition to general fundraising leading up to the main event, extra fundraising went toward the USCDM playground at the Palmetto Health Children’s Hospital. Those behind Dance Marathon’s main event made good on the 2018 goal, bringing in a total of $1,025,171. In January of 2019, USCDM began its spring fundraising push with the goal of raising $119,000 for the Children’s Miracle Network in a 24-hour period. The $119,000 figure reflected the final goal of raising $1.19 million at the main event. At this year’s Dance Marathon event, the organization raised more than $1 million for the second year in a row, landing at a grand total of $1,038,156, but falling short of the organization’s $1.19 million goal.


What a Great Year Serving our Gamecocks! Stay up to date on what will be happening over the summer in dining.

10 A&C

Five Points sees change NICK SULLIVAN

Assistant Arts and Culture Editor Five Points has experienced plenty of change in the past four years as bars and restaurants have filtered in and out. Delaney’s Music Pub closed last November after 20 years in business and was replaced by Fall Line, a sports bar. Rio’s Pizza and Bagels closed too, as did its successor, The Barn, which is perhaps best remembered for its 50-cent traditional boneless wings and 128-ounce beer towers. But no story of closure is as tumultuous as that of Pour House. On March 19, 2017, Daniel Halsey Wells, the owner of

Pour House, assaulted a USC student outside of the bar. Wells placed the student in a chokehold and threw him to the pavement, breaking his jaw and several teeth. Two weeks after the incident, Wells turned himself in to the police and was charged with assault and battery of a high and aggravated nature. By May, Wells closed the bar at the urging of Columbia police. According to The State, the agreement followed Police Chief Skip Holbrook’s comment that the bar was a nuisance to the city due to its history of fighting, underage drinking and serving alcohol later than city law permitted. Although the bar reopened later that year under new management and the name

Local businesses rebrand, reopen NICK SULLIVAN Assistant Arts and Culture Editor

Columbia welcomed several rebranded businesses in the last year. Music Farm and Yoghut closed their doors briefly before returning as The Senate and The Corner Blend, respectively, while The White Mule made its return after a seven-year hiatus. Nashville-based Tin Roof partnered with Charlestonbased Music Farm Productions in creating Music Farm, a moderately sized music venue, in 2014. Tin Roof CEO Bob Franklin told The State that until 2014, there was a discrepancy between large arenas and small venues in Columbia. Music Farm was an attempt at bridging that gap. In its more than three years under the name Music Farm, the venue housed bands such as O.A.R., American Authors and Hootie & the Blowfish. The recent rebrand was a mutual decision between Tin Roof and Music Farm, according to Free Times.

Five Points Roost, it would suffer a similar fate as Pour House. Judge Deborah Durden denied The Roost a temporary liquor license because it did not sell enough food to qualify as a restaurant, according to The State. It was argued whether or not bars sold enough food to sell Under South Carolina law, alcohol may only be sold at restaurants and hotels. Judge Durden went on to call the bar a “nuisance” to the community. The Roost has since closed. Five Points Saloon, The Barn, Cover 3, Group Therapy, The Horseshoe and Lucky’s have all been challenged in the wake of The Roost’s liquor license denial. Officials are beginning to crack

ETHAN LAM // THE GAMECOCK Five Points has seen bargains, brews, brawls and bagels in the past four years.

down on bars around Five Points, questioning how much food they are actually selling and whether they too may be a “nuisance” to the community. Despite the closures, Five Points has also seen new businesses open, like

When its three-year licensing agreement came to an end, Tin Roof rebranded the location as The Senate, intending to expand bookings by at least 30%. Trae Judy, who oversaw Music Farm Columbia, began a new project shortly after selling his share in the company. Reopening The White Mule in 2018, Judy reimagined the space with an emphasis on education alongside Rock Block, his music incubator located on the same street as The White Mule. Rock Block works closely with students and aspiring artists on all aspects of music production. Its mission is to educate young people who are new to the industry, helping them to eventually transition to the stage at The White Mule. “In this system, because we’re a small company, I take you to the board meeting … or you get to work with a band,” Judy said. “The goal with the interns and the students is bringing them in here and letting them get a potpourri of different things that they can learn about.” In addition to an evolving music scene, Columbia has witnessed changes in locally owned and operated restaurants such as The Corner Blend. Initially opened as Yoghut in 2010, the business exclusively served frozen yogurt before later expanding its menu to include smoothies, coffee and açaí bowls, among other items. Owner and operator Shafen Khan said he saw a change in consumer habits around 2015. Customers

The Baked Bear. The shop opened last April, and while Carolinians may have been mourning the loss of their favorite bars and restaurants, the custom ice cream sandwiches likely helped soften the blow.

began buying more açaí bowls and less frozen yogurt. As a result, Khan said, Yoghut’s name no longer reflected the extent of its menu, contributing to misconceptions that it only sold frozen yogurt. The company rebranded as The Corner Blend, exchanging the vibrant oranges and greens that previously characterized Yoghut in favor of an earthy aesthetic. “I think it looks cooler,” said third-year anthropology student Kieran Kirk. “I think [the owner] definitely tries to make it more like a hangout spot.” In the future, The Corner Blend is looking to expand its catering options, and according to Free Times, The Senate plans to further diversify its programming.

ZACHARY MCKINLEY // THE GAMECOCK Shafen Khan, owner and operator of The Corner Blend, spent roughly $40,000 on renovations.

A&C 11

12 A&C

Cockstock 2018 under pressure GENNA CONTINO AND TAYLOR WASHINGTON Following two hip-hop headliners in a row, USC’s third annual Cockstock was hoping for a change of pace by bringing in two pop acts. Last s e m e s t e r ’s headliners were rising pop star Daya and onehit-wonder Iyaz, a reggae artist whose single “Replay,” charted No. 2 on the Billboard 100 for one week in 2009. “Iyaz is kind of like that middle school artist that everybody has heard ‘Replay’ on replay,” said fourth-year public health student and former Carolina Productions president, Rebecca Kaze. “Nostalgia’s really trendy right now.” The event’s cost was estimated around $85,000. In 2016, Rae Sremmurd headlined the Strom fields for the event’s debut. The cost of the show was $88,461.08. Last year, 21 Savage headlined a $101,678 show at Colonial Life Arena. The annual concert has become a Carolina homecoming tradition. Carolina Productions, Homecoming, Student Government and the Residence Hall Association are the key decision makers for the event. Like every other Carolina Productions event, the budget for Cockstock is funded by the money USC students pay in student activity fees

that are then distributed to organizations. No Cockstock money comes directly from SG’s budget. Choosing headliners involves a lot of research and a lot of luck, this year’s organizers said. Just because they express interest in a potential headliner does not mean that the deal is sealed. The artist must accept their offer and agree to adhere to their guidelines. Sometimes offers expire, artists refuse to

accept the university’s terms or negotiations simply break down. Last year students saw 21 Savage perform at Colonial Life Arena. Cockstock organizers relocated the concert back o u t s i d e f o r t h i s y e a r, b u t described the show as PG-13, meaning the headliner must refrain from using both the n-word and the f-word. Rae Sremmurd, the hiphop duo who headlined the first Cockstock, was a big hit

with students, but not so much with the nearby neighborhoods that surround campus because of their constant swearing. Organizers and former student body president Ross Lordo decided this year’s headliner would have to adhere to a content restriction if they perform outside. This cost Cockstock a performance by rapper T-Pain. The heavy price tag on renting out Colonial Life Arena also helped push the event back outside. The venue accounted for almost a quarter of Cockstock’s budget. Organizers were pleased with the decision to move forward with Daya and Iyaz, but anticipated pushback. “I thought it was a joke at first,” first-year biology student Amaya Campbell said. “I thought that the Carolina Productions Twitter page, I thought they were gonna come out and say ‘psych,’” Campbell said. Other students were excited to have Daya and Iyaz come to campus. “It kind of brings everyone together as a community,” second-year business student Kelly Gosciminski said. “I know a lot of people pay a lot to come here, so to not have to pay to go to a concert is kind of nice.” The show was relocated from Greene Street Fields to the Greene Street pavement outside Russell House dye to weather. Despite this, students came out on Oct. 26 to see the performance.

A&C 13

‘They’re addicted’: JUULing for clout GENNA CONTINO AND TAYLOR WASHINGTON

You’ve seen it before: tiny smoke clouds that magically rise from the seats below you in large lectures, the person in front of you on Greene Street frantically inhaling and puffing while rushing to class and the empty, trampled-on JUULpods that litter the campus and Five Points sidewalks. Still, USC boasts a tobacco-free campus. If a student is caught with tobacco products, including JUULs, on campus, there are typically consequences: a meeting with the conduct office and a mandatory tobacco treatment program. Regardless, students are frequently seen using JUULs outdoors on campus, in class and in residence halls. JUULs are small and easy to conceal, which is one reason smoking them is so prevalent despite the risks, according to Jackie Knight Wilt, assistant director of Healthy Carolina Initiatives and Student Health Services. “They’re addicted,” Knight Wilt said. “So nicotine ... its addiction is pretty comparable to cocaine.” The dangers of JUULs are often disregarded by consumers because of the JUUL starter kit’s features. For example, JUULs made by the company of the same name have a “party mode” setting where they flash in different colored lights, and come with four flavors of JUULpods: Virginia Tobacco, Mint, Creme and Mango. The JUULpods each contain 5% nicotine strength. Knight Wilt said that’s about two times more than other e-cigarettes and is equivalent to a pack of regular cigarettes, causing the addiction risk to be higher in JUULs. GRAPHIC BY TAYLOR SHARKEY // THE GAMECOCK

According to AlcoholEdu, in Fall 2018, 22% of incoming students used e-cigarettes. This is a jump from 15% in 2017 and 5% in 2016. K n i g h t Wi l t s a i d t w o o f t h e biggest misconceptions students have about JUULing is that it’s a healthier alternative to smoking cigarettes, and smoking e-cigarettes could help wean them from their nicotine addiction. Although JUUL says on its website that it developed the product as an “alternative to cigarettes” with a mission to eliminate cigarettes, some students smoke both. Derek Etzrodt, a third-year supply chain management and finance student, uses a JUUL and still smokes cigarettes. He said he’s probably addicted to nicotine. A c c o r d i n g t o K n i g h t Wi l t , a p e r s o n ’s b r a i n i s n o t f i n i s h e d

developing until they’re around 25 years old. People who start JUULing at a younger age are more sensitive to nicotine and more susceptible to addiction, she said. There’s also a potential for nicotine poisoning. Knight Wilt explained many first-time users aren’t aware of how many “hits” they can handle, and can end up taking too many. The FDA declared youth vaping an “epidemic” last fall and demanded that JUUL take action against it. As a result, JUUL removed once-popular flavors such as mango and creme from gas stations and convenience stores. These flavors are now only sold online or in vape shops. Still, this didn’t stop Altria, the parent company of Phillip Morris International, from taking a 35% stake in JUUL last December.

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14 A&C

Say goodbye to Vine, hello to TikTok IGGY SHULER Assistant Arts and Culture Editor

From Jared who’s 19 and never learned how to read to all those chickens, Vine entertained users with viral content from its founding in 2012 until uploads were disabled in 2016. The smartphone app was the perfect breeding ground for viral content. The six-second limit allowed users to consume a wide variety of content in a short time — ideal for capturing audiences with a minute to kill on their phones — and the sharing function of the platform gave it the capability to spread videos like wildfire. If the internet was ever in need of a new darling, a Vine would swoop in and rescue us from boredom and awkward silences. That’s another thing: Because they’re so short, and almost universally-known among internet-savvy young people, Vines are easy to reference for laughs. You’ve probably heard someone holler “What are thooooose?” upon seeing a notable pair of shoes, or cheerfully tell a friend “Merry Chrysler” when holiday season rolls

around. If nothing else, “Do it for the Vine!” became the “Hold my beer” of a generation of tweens and teens brought up consuming and creating content on the app. Quick, digestible and shareable, Vines were the pinnacle of internet humor for a chunk of the last decade. Needless to say, when the app saw new uploads disabled, internet users were shocked, and they grieved the app with outrage and humor. The period saw a resurgence in attention to the app’s most iconic content. “RIP Vine” compilations gained popularity on YouTube, with users uploading compilations of obscure vines, personal favorites and more. With the fall of Vine, internet users turned to another platform for their short, viral video fix: TikTok. TikTok, much like and other lip sync apps, allows users to create short music videos. TikTok sets itself apart by also giving would-be internet comedians the chance to create short, Vinelike, non-music videos (although it is arguably most known for its musical content). In fact, having merged with in 2018, TikTok pretty much dominates the market for this kind of content right now.

But unlike Vine’s reliable stream of meme-worthy content, TikTok can be a little more hit or miss (if you will). With creators and viewers from all kinds of demographics — the app has tons of users in Asia, and attracts wildly different American subcultures, from Facebook moms to E-girls to elementary school kids — it’s much harder to narrow down the content stream to find the widely shared niche humor that made Vine so special. TikTok cringe compilations are widespread. Its notoriously annoying YouTube ads are a meme in and of themselves. While TikTok might not be in on the joke, its content is doing numbers. While TikTok has certainly gained popularity in its own way, catering to different audience in different ways, the cultural moments Vine seized upon is lost to the ages, retired with the app itself. The key difference between the two platforms is that Vine users were laughing with content creators, building massive cultural inside jokes. But with TikTok, there’s a shaky combination of sincere creators and ironic viewers, offering a different kind of humor.

A&C 15


Memes: An evolution NICK SULLIVAN Assistant Arts and Culture Editor

Gone are the days of original memes like Pepe the Frog. Today is marked by Twitterfriendly videos, ideas and inside jokes. Granted, there are still plenty of meme subcultures in dank corners of the internet that few dare to explore, but Reddit and Twitter are currently the faces of meme culture. On a daily basis, users are commenting on pop culture events, oftentimes recycling the same memes with personal tweaks in hopes of going viral. 2016 was perhaps the peak of meme creation to date. Trump’s bid for presidency took full shape, forever solidifying the business-man-turned-television-star-turnedpolitician in the meme pool. His very existence has even become, for all intents and purposes, a meme. The year opened with a bang in the form of Elijah Daniel’s Trump erotica novella, “Trump Temptation: The Billionaire & The Bellboy.” A seemingly impossible feat, Trump only dove further into meme territory as the year progressed with his hand size and debate sniffles gaining popularity. Every Trump action was under scrutiny and became the source of a massive pop culture inside joke. With a dash of Harambe and a sprinkle of bottle flipping from one of USC’s own, 2016 became the year of mainstream memes.

As for shareable text-based memes, 2016 also gave us Evil Kermit. Representing one’s selfish desires, the meme was used to comment on relatable, if not exaggerated, circumstances. Text-based memes continued to pop up regularly throughout 2017 as well. Mocking SpongeBob and Blinking Guy were both big name memes during the year, but Distracted Boyfriend takes the cake as the most prominent. It only took about five seconds of scrolling through a Twitter feed in the month of August to find some variation of the meme. The meme machine kept on cranking in 2018. Among the greatest memes of the year were Surprised Pikachu, Is This a Pigeon and Eric Andre’s Let Me In, all of which tackled everything from anti-vaxxers to the five-second rule. Bringing the year to a close, Netflix released “Bird Box.” While the film’s quality is up for debate, its cultural impact is not. It had a record-breaking first week on the streaming service, sprung countless textbased memes and even gave way to the Bird Box challenge. Memes have become a cross-generational, cross-cultural way for people to share content about the world around them, and they provide outlets for touchy subjects that may otherwise be hard to discuss. It even led to the creation of the Cards Against Humanity-style game, “What Do You Meme?” Most importantly, though, memes have kept Smash Mouth relevant.

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BEST OF PHOTO SHREYAS SABOO// THE GAMECOCK The sun sets on the college students’ day of the 2018 South Carolina State Fair. Admission for college students was free with a student ID.

HANNAH WADE// THE GAMECOCK Former presidential candidate Lyric Swinton reacts to the 2019 Student Goverment elections.

VICTORIA RICHMAN// THE GAMECOCK A total solar ecplise was visible from Columbia for about two and a half ZACH MCKINLEY // THE GAMECOCK minutes in August 2017. A girl sits on the steps of the South Carolina Statehouse during the 2018 March for Our Lives.

SHREYAS SABOO // THE GAMECOCK Dancers perform “Serenade” during Ballet Stars of New York at the Township Auditorium in spring 2019. The event also included ballet dancers from the University of South Carolina.

ADAM COLLINS // THE GAMECOCK Women skate down Main Street during Columbia‘s 2016 Pride Festival, which celebrates LGBTQ+ inclusion.

MELANEY MOTTSEY // THE GAMECOCK A girl colors in a chalk heart on the wall of the Lincoln Street tunnel. ArtLinc held the 2016 event to encourage all ages to express themselves through art.


THE PAST FOUR YEARS IN TRENDS GRAPHIC BY ALEX FINGER // THE GAMECOCK The rise of popular social media accounts for college students, such as Barstool and Old Row, led to the popular phrase “Saturdays are for the boys.”

GRAPHIC BY BRANDI SANICHAR // THE GAMECOCK Tailgate outfits for women at the University of South Carolina have shifted from more formal attire to casual attire throughout the past four years.

GRAPHIC BY NICOLE FRAZER // THE GAMECOCK Pokemon Go quickly became popular after it was released in July 2016. The gaming app caused many students to run around campus attempting to “catch them all.”

GRAPHIC BY ALEX FINGER // THE GAMECOCK Fortnite was released in July 2017 and quickly became a popular Xbox video game.


GRAPHIC BY ALEX FINGER // THE GAMECOCK Harambe, a gorilla from the Cincinnati Zoo, quickly became a topic of controversy and a popular meme. After a toddler fell into his exhibit, Harambe was killed for his aggression.

GRAPHIC BY MATEO SANDERS // THE GAMECOCK Apple is always known for releasing the latest technology greats, and its release of AirPods in 2016 proved just that.


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Gamecocks see coaching change on field, diamond


JOE MCLEAN Assistant Sports Editor Steve Spurrier From 2005 to 2015, head coach Steve Spurrier roamed the sidelines of Williams-Brice Stadium and broke a laundry list of school records. Spurrier won 86 games in the garnet and black, highlighted by three straight 11-win seasons from 2011-2013, the school record for most wins in a single season. The Gamecocks also won five bowl games during Spurrier’s time in Columbia. Before he arrived in 2005, the Gamecocks had only won three. South Carolina had never beaten Tennessee or Florida on the road before 2005. During Spurrier’s time, the Gamecocks won in Tennessee and Florida two times each. When the Gamecocks beat the Gators in 2010, not only was it for the first time ever in Gainesville, but it also clinched South Carolina’s first and only SEC East title. The first win against a No. 1 team came during in 2010 when South Carolina beat Alabama at WilliamsBrice, 35-21— Gamecocks’ only win over a top-ranked team. Spurrier brought in legendary players like Connor Shaw, Marcus Lattimore, Jadeveon Clowney and Alshon Jeffery. But on Oct. 13, 2015, all of that

came to an end. Following a 2-4 start to the season, Spurrier stepped down mid-season as the head coach after nearly a decade. “If it starts going south then I need to get out,” Spurrier said at his final press conference. “You can’t keep a head coach that’s done it as long as I have when it’s headed in the wrong direction.” Offensive line coach Shawn Elliott was then promoted to interim head coach. With a legendary coach resigning mid-season and the worst season since 1999, Gamecock fans asked themselves, ‘Now what?’ Fortunately for them, that question was quickly answered. Will Muschamp After the 2015 football season, the South Carolina football program found itself at a crossroads. Steve Spurrier, who broke nearly every school record from 2005 to 2015, abruptly resigned in the middle of the season. When interim head coach Shawn Elliott took over, the Gamecocks finished the year 3-9, including a 23-22 loss to FCS squad The Citadel at home. SEE ONLINE

CAM ADAMS Sports Writer After losing to the LSU Tigers in the 2017 SEC Baseball Tournament semifinals, the Gamecocks headed into Selection Monday at 35-25 overall with an SEC record of 13-17. Former South Carolina head coach Chad Holbrook and the Gamecocks hoped they had a good enough résumé for an NCAA Tournament bid with the 10th best strength of schedule in the country and No. 32 ranking in the RPI. However, the Gamecocks did not hear their name called. It was the second time in three years South Carolina was left out after making the tournament 15 straight years from 2000 to 2014. This was an odd spot a program that won two back-to-back national titles just over five years ago and was left out of the postseason once again. Eight days after the Gamecocks learned their postseason fate, Holbrook resigned as head coach of South Carolina baseball, finishing with a 200106 record in 2017. South Carolina athletic director Ray Tanner told the Charleston Post and Courier Holbrook resigned “to pursue other opportunities.” Holbrook was hired as the head coach of the College of Charleston Cougars a little more than a month after leaving

the Gamecocks. Tanner hired former South Florida head coach Mark Kingston to take the reins of Gamecock baseball after leading South Florida to a 42-19 record with an NCAA Tournament bid. “I continue to be impressed with [Kingston’s] ability,” Tanner said after hiring Kingston. “He is so well-rounded to handle the challenges and meet the expectations that we have here at the University of South Carolina.” The hire displeased some Gamecock fans as Kingston wasn’t necessarily a “big name” coach that fans were looking for. Their displeasure continued into the 2018 season as South Carolina started off with a 20-17 record. With only three games above .500, the Gamecocks were likely to be left out of the postseason back-to-back years for the first time since the in two decades. But the new head coach had other plans, and the Gamecocks bounced back. They swept No. 19 LSU reaching 13-7 as they headed into Selection Monday. And unlike the 2017 season, the Gamecocks did hear their name called and went to the Greenville Regional as a two-seed. SEE ONLINE


VICTORIA RICHMAN // THE GAMECOCK Head coach Frank Martin holds the East Regional Champion trophy following an Elite Eight win.

VICTORIA RICHMAN // THE GAMECOCK Former South Carolina guard Rakym Felder goes up for a layup against Gonzaga in the Final Four on April 1, 2017.

YANGXING DING // THE GAMECOCK A’ja Wilson reacts to winning a national title.

YANGXING DING // THE GAMECOCK Former Gamecock forward A’ja Wilson celebrates with her team as the Gamecocks win the women’s basketball national championship in Dallas, Texas.

VICTORIA RICHMAN // THE GAMECOCK Former Gamecock guard Sindarius Thornwell celebrates as South Carolina beats Florida 77-70 to advance to its first Final Four.

VICTORIA RICHMAN // THE GAMECOCK Former Gamecock guard PJ Dozier tries to get past a Gonzaga player during a 77-73 loss in the Final Four.


Women’s basketball championship era lives on

YANGXING DING // THE GAMECOCK Former Gamecock A’ja Wilson raises the trophy after the team’s first national championship.

SHELBY BECKLER Sports Editor The South Carolina women’s basketball team marked a historical era under head coach Dawn Staley after winning its first-

ever national championship. “It’s one of two opportunities that I saw women play when I was younger. National championship games and Olympics,” Staley said. “Those were the things that I held dear and near to me when I was growing up, because those are the things that I

wanted.” For Staley, this was something that South Carolina had gotten close to reaching in 2015 after its first Final Four run. Former Gamecock A’ja Wilson secured the title for the Gamecocks on April 2, 2017 against Mississippi State. Wilson was named the Most Outstanding Player of the Final Four. Alongside Wilson, former Gamecock transfer Allisha Gray finished with 18 shots and 10 rebounds. After not playing in the Sweet 16 game the previous year, Gray said they came out with a lot of motivation because the Gamecocks didn’t want to come out where they did last year. This moment helped Staley achieve her collegiate goal as a former player and her coaching role at South Carolina. Staley lost as a Virginia Cavalier in 1992 during the Final Four. Staley reached the Final Four three times as a player. “When I couldn’t get it done in college, I thought that was it,” Staley said. “I never wanted to be a coach. I never wanted to be sitting where I’m sitting.” This national championship title

solidified what Staley wanted to reach as a leader for the Gamecocks. Staley said it was their goal to attack the paint. South Carolina had to dominate and own it to pull off the victory and finished the season 33-4. Looking forward With Staley on the cusp of competing with the No. 1 recruiting class for the 201920 season, the 2017 National Championship hasn’t been forgotten. South Carolina’s mission hasn’t changed over the past three years after breaking history. The last freshman class that is comparable is the class of 2014. This class claimed four SEC tournament championships, three Elite Eights, two Final Fours and the 2017 national championship. Like any class, the players will have to adjust and develop chemistry even as the No. 1 recruiting class. South Carolina associate head coach Lisa Boyer told The Post and Courier that they will have to get acclimated. “Even A’ja Wilson had to adjust to the college game,” Boyer said. “We have very high expectations, no question about it, but there will be an adjustment.”

Women’s soccer makes history in 2017 WHITNEY WESTBROOK Sports Writer In 2017, the South Carolina women’s soccer program turned 23 years old. That same year, the program reached a new milestone: It was the first time in its 23 years that a Gamecock women’s soccer team had ever reached a Women’s College Cup with a 2-0 victory over the Florida Gators. Senior Lindsey Lane was a dominant force on South Carolina’s pitch in this game and the rest of the games under the lights at Stone Stadium. In the 13th minute of the game, Lane sent a corner kick into the box, which met the waiting head of sophomore Grace Fisk for the first Gamecock goal of the match. “We were practicing corners a lot this week, and I was just trying to hit the back side of the six [yard box],” Lane said. “Gracie came through and got her head on it and put it in that spot that was hard for the keeper to get to.” In the 77th minute, Lane decided she wanted a goal of her own and took a shot outside the penalty box to score a

goal and secure her team’s ticket to the Women’s College Cup. Besides a solid offense, the Gamecocks had a strong defense in the 2017 season. Sophomore goalkeeper Mikayla Krzeczowski’s shut out was her fourth in that tournament alone. Including the Florida game, it had been over 400 minutes since the Gamecocks were last scored on that season, the last having been in the upset loss to Arkansas in late October 2017 in the first round of the SEC tournament. Gamecock Head Coach Shelley Smith said she thought the 2017 Gamecock squad had “one of the best defenses in the country.” In Orlando, the 2017 Women’s College Cup location, the Gamecocks faced Stanford in the Final Four. They knew they would face tough competition, but were hopeful due to the fact that Stanford’s single loss that year had been to Florida. South Carolina’s run at the championship ended with a fall to the Stanford Cardinal 2-0. However, making it to the Women’s College Cup was an achievement for the

team, program and university. Women’s soccer had a strong showing in 2018 too, making it to the Sweet Sixteen. Coming off two strong seasons with postseason runs, the Gamecocks will look to continue their postseason streak in 2019 and clinch their second Women’s College Cup in three years.

SHREYAS SABOO // THE GAMECOCK Former Gamecock Luciana Zullo dribbles the ball as she runs from a Stanford defender in the 2017 Women’s College Cup.

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Gamecocks are well represented in the pros NATE SHIRLEY & PERRY DOMINICI Sports Writers Athletes come and go from the university each year, but their careers don’t always end at South Carolina. Here are some of the pro athletes South Carolina has produced in the past four years. Sindarius Thornwell With guard Thornwell leading the squad in the 2016-17 season, the men’s team appeared in its first Final Four in program history. Thornwell played for all four of his eligible years at South Carolina, capped off by a senior year in which he averaged a career high 21.4 points per game and led the Gamecocks to the Final Four. Thornwell, a 2016-17 SEC Player of the Year, elected to enter the NBA draft following his senior season. Thornwell’s name was called in the second round of the draft. The Milwaukee Bucks used the No. 48 pick to select Thornwell, but he was traded on draft night to the Los Angeles Clippers. Now in his second season with the Clippers, Thornwell was the first Gamecock drafted to the NBA since 1998. A’ja Wilson T h e G a m e c o c k s w o m e n ’s basketball team won the program’s first ever national championship in the 2017 season, defeating the Mississippi State Bulldogs — with Wilson leading the team. In the 2018 draft, the Las Vegas Aces used the No. 1 overall pick to select Wilson. In her first season, Wilson won the 2018 WNBA Rookie of the Year award while averaging 20.7 points per game, the sixth highest in the WNBA. Hayden Hurst South Carolina has also produced NFL stars, but the most recent first round selection came in 2018, when the Baltimore Ravens selected tight

end Hurst with the 25th overall pick. Hurst declared for the draft following his junior season as a captain with the Gamecocks and earning first team All-SEC honors in 2017. He finished the season with 559 receiving yards on 44 receptions. In his rookie year with the Ravens, Hurst played in 12 games. He finished his rookie season with 163 receiving yards on 13 receptions. Savannah McCaskill Forward Savannah McCaskill was drafted as the No. 2 player in the National Women’s Soccer League by the Boston Breakers in 2018. McCaskill finished with 114 points, the most ever by a Gamecock. She is the second player in South Carolina history to be selected in the draft. McCaskill did not play in Boston — the team folded ahead of the season after failed buyout negotiations. She was selected by Sky Blue FC and currently has three goals. Rookie of the Year, McCaskill finished third overall for 2018. Gamecocks in the MLB South Carolina baseball head coach Mark Kingston produced a program record 10 MLB draft picks in 2018. The first Gamecock selected was second baseman Carlos Cortes in the third round by the New York Mets. The Mets later selected Gamecock relief pitcher Adam Hill. T h e Wa s h i n g t o n N a t i o n a l s selected a pair of Gamecocks: Ridge Chapman and Graham Lawson. Madison Stokes was selected by the Phillies, Cody Morris was selected by the Indians, LT Tolbert by the Diamondbacks, Jonah Bride by the A’s, Hunter Taylor by the Cubs, and Eddy Demurias by the Reds.

VICTORIA RICHMAN // THE GAMECOCK Former Gamecock tight end Hayden Hurst with teammates after a 34-10 to Clemson at home.



The way students perceive USC’s culture has changed from 2015 to 2019. In these head-to-head columns, we are pitting the past against the present.


Past: Change Russell House (2015) T h e Association of College Unions International (ACUI) was founded by a group of s t u d e n t s who saw an Brandon opportunity to Middleton advance higher Former opinion e d u c a t i o n b y writer implementing one simple idea: creating a place where students from different majors, organizations and backgrounds could share their ideas with one another to create a better university. Since their work has led to the Chick-fil-A on campus, your CarolinaCard, the Russell House Theater and the new Leadership and Service Center, you should pretty much just thank them for Russell House itself. Russell House coincides with the goals laid by the ACUI. It has been a home for Gamecocks and has provided new Carolinians a place to go with the hope of learning more about themselves. Russell House has been different things for many people: a place of employment, a place to build relationships, a place for student organizations, a place to have a cup of coffee or a place to sit and relax

between classes. Yet once we leave campus after our freshman year, we move into our new apartments with recreation centers, free printing, cafes, retail stores and other amenities, so we forget about Russell House. It seems Russell House has been left behind by the countless developments springing up all over campus. But these developments leave out one critical facet which greatly hurts how they operate, something Russell House has the power to capitalize on: the input of students. These places are not home, so let’s make a change. Let’s leave a legacy. Let’s create an ecosystem of Carolinians, by Carolinians and for Carolinians. Students change. Needs change. We must change. Russell House must change. It is not sufficient to catch up to what other schools are doing. We must go beyond what others have done. We must push ourselves to meet future needs and wants. O u r cur r e nt s tude nt uni on should be transformed into a union of students dedicated to their own collective advancement — a community of students in control of a system which directly benefits them, where students, teachers and the community can go to learn, create and discover.

Present: Russell House changes do not change culture (2019) As students b e c o m e upperclassmen, it is perfectly OK for Russell House to take a back seat so that students can get involved in Meredith more specialized Edwards communities on First-year mass campus. During their communications f r e s h m a n y e a r, student many students point to Russell House as their home base. Having the largest selection for on-campus dining, various study areas and student organization meetings, it serves as an excellent display of what our university has to offer. It is a place for people to gather and celebrate both their differences and commonalities. While it still serves the purpose of a campus wide gathering place, some of the secondary functions of Russell House become less useful to students as they continue their academic careers. While Russell House should continue to be a gathering place for students, it’s important for students to be able to move on from it to pursue their own interests all

around campus, rather than being tied to one building. No matter how much Russell House is improved, it will never be able to cater to the endless and diverse interests and pursuits of students on campus. As they enter upper level courses, many students start to spend more time on campus inside their college-specific academic buildings. They can also get involved in organizations that are more field-focused. These allow students to be among their peers and those interested in the same things as them, which can help students in future careers. The goal shouldn’t be to consolidate all these communities into Russell, but to foster these communities wherever they are on campus. Instead of focusing on how to make the Russell House building better, we should focus on the interests of our diverse population of students and what they want out of campus as a whole, wherever they find communities with the same interests. We can’t contain our university’s diverse community into one building. Russell House should serve a jumping-off point for students to find where they want to take their place in our university’s legacy.



Past: Treat Adderall like coffee (2015)

Present: Abusing Adderall has major ramifications (2019)

Coffee, energy drinks and Adderall are staples of exam weeks at campuses nationwide. All three of these products Ross are consumed for their effect Abbott Former opinion a s s t i m u l a n t s , allowing students writer to stay awake and focused longer to cram for their tests. Caffeine and dextroamphetamine, the active ingredient in Adderall, work by enhancing the nervous system, the effect of the norepinephrine and dopamine your body naturally makes. These changes constrict blood vessels, increase your heart rate and increase blood sugar levels to allow the body to rapidly respond to potential threats. Tricking your body into thinking it’s in danger can have serious side effects. Sustained increased heart rates can lead to heart problems. Artificial boosts to norepinephrine and dopamine can cause the body to produce less of these on its own, leading to dependence on the drug to replace the lost chemicals, and to

Thomas Cooper Library seems packed with people getting ready for final exams, papers and projects. As tempting as it may be to Elizabeth use chemicals — stimulants including Stiles caffeine, Adderall or Second-year other prescription political science m e d i c i n e — t o student stay up late and get work done, drug abuse can have a lot of negative side effects. Ta k i n g A d d e r a l l w i t h o u t a prescription should not be encouraged or condoned under any circumstance. And although abusing coffee is bad, Adderall is worse. Adderall is a stimulant prescribed for attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder to help people slow down and focus. It has the opposite effect for those who don’t have either ADD or ADHD, and it can result in a burst of energy that can be appealing to college students attempting to cram for finals. Adderall works with two key active ingredients – dextroamphetamine and amphetamine. If these ingredients

psychological disorders. Adderall also carries one other major side effect: the potential for jail time. The Drug Enforcement Administration has classified Adderall in the same drug category as cocaine and meth. Under federal law, anyone caught with Adderall without a prescription can face up to a year in prison for their first offense. In the eyes of the DEA, popping a pill to do better on your finals is just as bad as doing a line of coke off a toilet seat in some sketchy strip club. What world do they live in where both of those things are in any way equal? Yes, abuse of Adderall or other “smart drugs” has potential for major medical consequences. But so does the abuse of coffee or energy drinks. Plenty of adults (myself included) weigh the risks for themselves and use caffeine to stay awake. With almost one-third of college students taking Adderall before they graduate, plenty of others do the same with dextroamphetamine. December means it’s time for us to study, and time for the DEA to stop trying to tell us how to do so.

sound vaguely familiar, there’s a reason for that – they’re also the active ingredients of both meth and cocaine. Yes — people argue that using a prescription drug (without one) with the same ingredients as meth and cocaine is a good idea. The list of potential side effects, for those without the imbalance of neurotransmitters caused by ADD and ADHD that is corrected by Adderall, is long. Some of these side effects include dizziness, circulatory issues, anxiety, flulike symptoms and sleeping problems. Ta k i n g A d d e r a l l w i t h o u t a prescription can also lead to more long-term side effects by altering the number of neurotransmitters in the body and causing overstimulation. These can include anxiety, paranoia, mania, hearing voices, hallucinations, depression, stroke and seizures. This finals season, don’t abuse Adderall in order to try and get a better grade in a class that probably won’t even matter once you’ve graduated. The potential for long-term side effects from abusing Adderall could actually be around even after graduation and may become a lifelong issue. You can be successful without Adderall and the negative potential it wields.

HEAD TO HEAD: MENTAL HEALTH Present: Develop mental Past letter to the editor: You health services (2019) are not alone at USC (2017) At the University of South Carolina, mental health is a top priority. USC devotes resources to providing the best possible care to students. Students in need of help are not alone. In addition to individual and

group counseling, our Counseling Center has walk-in hours available during operating hours. USC encourages students who are in crisis to walk in at any time. SEE ALONE PAGE 28

Stephanie Allen

First-year art studio and English student

USC has been applauded in the past for its approach to the mental health of its students, but a history of excellence does not guarantee the continuance of the trend. A commitment to students’ mental health is a

commitment to continually adapt to meet their needs, and the university always has room to grow in its relationship with mental healthcare. SEE SERVICES PAGE 28


HEAD TO HEAD: THOMAS COOPER LIBRARY STARBUCKS Past: Thomas Cooper Library does Present: Starbucks benefits Thomas Cooper Library (2019) not need Starbucks (2017) If you’ve pulled an allnighter at the Thomas Cooper Library you may have noticed that where Johnathon you’d normally go for a cup of Fuerte joe has been Former opinion replaced. writer A corner of the library has been walled off. The adjacent study room is closed down. In place of what we once knew sits three tables, food kiosks and two refrigerators. Our beloved

Cooper’s Corner is no more. As a result of this, the long study tables have been pushed back. All to make room for yet another Starbucks. Planned last year when the university switched food service providers, the Starbucks followed. One is near the Humanities buildings and a another in the Campus Village. Along with the Starbucks already in Russell House, a mere three-minute walk from the library, would put us at four Starbucks all within walking distance. SEE STARBUCKS PAGE 30

If you’ve been to the major places on USC’s campus such as the Russell House bookstore, Thomas Cooper Library or near Monique the Humanities buildings, chances Holland are you have likely Third-year English c o m e a c r o s s a student Starbucks. Is that really that surprising, though? Starbucks has been growing substantially since its start in 1971 in Seattle, Washington. As of 2018, there were 29,324 locations worldwide, and as coffee is one of college students’ main sources of caffeine throughout the semester, it’s not really that weird to have a cluster of Starbucks locations on campus. Personally, I think it’s over-priced compared to some of its main competitors — Dunkin’ Donuts and other small coffee shops — but that doesn’t stop me from spending $5 on a cup of coffee. You can get a large

Dunkin’ iced coffee for around $3, but there is just something about Starbucks that catches peoples’ attention more than all the rest. The number of Starbucks locations on campus may seem excessive, but multiple locations allow about 47,000 USC students to get their coffee and then get to class on time. Starbucks may be more abundant than other small coffee shops, but people that want to try all the popular coffee drinks can get them at Starbucks. People also branch out from time to time with new drinks based on the time of year and location. For example, the Thomas Cooper Library Starbucks has a red Frappuccino made specially for their USC location and another recent addition to the menu: the iced caramel Cloud Macchiato. Businesses like Cool Beans and the former library coffee shop, Cooper’s Corner, may have had more unique flavors, but nothing can beat the powerful draw of having a Starbucks cup to show off as you walk around campus.


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Community, Consultation and Intervention is a service that allows calls to the counseling office if there is concern about a student. USC uses a “Patient-Centered Medical Home” model that promotes comprehensive patient well-being. Mental health professionals reside in primary care facilities to assist patients who need immediate attention for mental health concerns or those in distress. Same-day care is given to students in need of help. If a student needs help talking with their professors about mental health, counseling staff assists students on how to best approach discussions and additional resources, including how to identify warning signs. We are proud we’ve made an address towards mental issues. In fact, USC is one of the few schools nationwide to be awarded the JED Campus seal for demonstrating

an ongoing commitment to the emotional well-being of students. Our training program is accredited through the American Psychological Association and our Counseling & Psychiatry department recently was reaffirmed in its accreditation through the Association of Accreditation of Ambulatory Healthcare. We have also worked to reduce the stigma associated with mental illness. During the recent Stigma Free USC Week activities, we launched a campus-wide “Be Real. Be There. Mental Health Matters” campaign. I hope this serves to give students a better understanding of the resources available to them and of our commitment to student emotional well-being. Student Health Services has trained, dedicated professionals who are here to help. --Deborah Beck


USC offers 10 free counseling sessions per semester to students, but after just one visit, students can no longer schedule their appointments online — according to the USC health services website, returning clients must call 803-777-5223 for an appointment. Requiring students to talk on the phone in order to schedule their appointment can be triggering for those with social anxiety or uncomfortable for any student of this generation. According to a survey

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by BankMyCell, 81% of millennial participants reported sometimes feeling the need to “summon up the courage to make a phone call.” All other health appointments can be scheduled online. Deviating from this practice, specifically in a service meant to help those struggling for mental health, is insensitive to the needs of the very students the center aims to aid. This critique is but one example of how USC might reconsider its approach to mental health. Tr u l y p r o m o t i n g mental health means

listening to the specific needs of USC students, rather than remaining content in what has worked in years past. Because the student body changes significantly with each graduation and each group of incoming freshmen, USC should be working to change with students and their constantly shifting needs. USC works incredibly hard to promote mental health, but continually critiquing t h e u n i v e r s i t y ’s approach to mental health is one of the best ways we ensure it remains a priority here at USC.




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Letter from the editor: Cherish every ‘last’


But that’s not counting the dining locations that already serve Starbucks coffee. Global Cafe, the Hampton Street Cafe and The Buzz all serve it. Then there’s also two Starbucks in Five Points and the Vista. A horde of Starbucks has snuck under our noses. This should’ve raised alarms sooner. Since Cooper’s Corner served Starbucks coffee, turning it into a full Starbucks reduces student choice. They’re everywhere, so students looking for some can find it. Why Starbucks and not

As I finish out my four years here at South Carolina and my time as the editorin-chief of The Daily Gamecock, I have felt myself labeling everything as the “last.” The last day of class, the last night of production, the last function, the last latenight Cookout run, and this, the last thing I will create for The Daily Gamecock. The word “last” makes it all feel as definite as it is. People really aren’t exaggerating when they say your time in college flies by. Even with my cap and gown hanging up in my closet, I still feel like things aren’t really ending, like I still have so much more time left, and maybe that’s because part of me isn’t really leaving. I’m not a big fan of the word legacy. So instead of leaving a legacy, I’m just leaving a small part of me behind in The Daily Gamecock. I won’t be leaving this campus as long as The Daily Gamecock continues. The Daily Gamecock has seen so much

something else? Starbucks isn’t the sole seller of coffee in the world, and it shouldn’t be here either. Sure, the university is receptive to the trends, but our 3.4% tuition hike should go elsewhere, like a tea place. Something caffeinated but unimaginably healthier to drink every day. The way some students drink coffee mirrors an addiction. The university should offer an alternative to coffee, or an alternative to Starbucks. Unfortunately this new Starbucks, the latest in the long line of many, has already been paid for.

change in just the four years I have been a part of it, and I can only imagine what it will be like in another four years. I take comfort that one thing will always be constant — the small contributions I’ve made at The Daily Gamecock as a photographer, writer and editor-in-chief. Those things are definite. The past four years have absolutely flown by, but this last week everything seems to be moving so slowly. Maybe time has slowed down so that I can cherish all the “lasts” and prepare myself for all the “firsts” I will encounter after I cross that stage. I’ll always look back on all the “lasts,” but I’m excited for all the “firsts” in my future. It’s been a pleasure serving the Carolina community in every role I’ve had here at The Daily Gamecock. Here’s a health Carolina, and forever to thee, Daily Gamecock. — Tori Richman

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ACROSS 1 Britannica ref. 4 Singer LuPone 9 Baseball hat 12 Classic grape soda 14 Sarge’s command 15 Put into play 16 Advice columnists Ann and Abby, e.g. (AL Central) 18 “If I may digress ...,” in texts 19 Sprinted 20 Jackie’s Ari 22 __ one’s time: didn’t rush 23 Sharp-tasting 24 King’s tenure 27 Tiered Asian temple 30 Apt.’s sleeping area 33 “Bro!” 35 Hitch, as a ride 36 Commit perjury 37 Monarch’s selfreferential plural pronoun (AL Central) 39 Shop __ you drop 40 “The Giant” of wrestling 42 Food for hogs 43 “Ohio” quartet, initially 44 St. Peter’s domain 46 “The Lion King” hero 48 Chinese PC giant whose name is partly derived from the Latin for “new” 50 Hertz rival 53 Faddish pursuit, after “all” 55 Carefree antics 58 “The Fault in __ Stars”: 2014 film 59 Pride or greed, e.g. (NL Central) 61 Obtain 62 Neatened (up) 63 Chekov bridgemate, in “Star Trek” 64 GEICO specialties?

65 Little cuts 66 Org. in which the start of five answers is a “central” player DOWN 1 __’acte: intermission 2 A novice in 3 Trouser material 4 Kid brother, at times 5 Colony crawler 6 2000s teen drama set in California 7 Rutabaga, e.g. 8 Tryst-confirming words 9 Preteens in a pack (NL Central) 10 Italian wine hub 11 Chapel seats 13 Bring up to speed 14 “__ the season ... “ 17 Sushi bar drink 21 [Ah, me!] 23 “Furthermore ... “ 25 Altar promise 26 Five __: burger chain 28 Key with one flat: Abbr. 29 With dexterity 30 “How dull”

31 Enjoy fine food 32 Warnings of serious danger (NL Central) 34 Wells sci-fi race 37 Performs in costume, as a Civil War battle 38 Typist’s meas. 41 KOA patron 43 Nitpicks 45 Consequence of an absence of pain, in an exercise mantra 47 Mexicali’s peninsula 49 “Rigoletto” composer 51 “To wrap up ... “ 52 Proficiency

53 Frat party garb 54 Tinted 55 Makes haste, old-style 56 Swing voter: Abbr. 57 Cold shoulder 60 Quick swim




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