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SINCE 1908

Rankin reflects on campaign promises JACK BINGHAM Senior News Writer


Student Body President Luke Rankin discusses potential options for renovations to the current Woodrow basketball court at the cabinet meeting Oct. 8, 2019.

With a new decade beginning, the time is ripe to set new goals. Over the last semester, Student Body President Luke Rankin and his staff have been working towards an endgame: the goals outlined by Rankin’s campaign. The t hird-generat ion Gamecock said he believes the magnitude of the student body president role has been with him since immediately after his election, when the death of Samantha Josephson, a fourth-year student at the University of South Carolina, occurred. “Thursday night was when, kind of, the

Club lacrosse looks to defend championship title this season

events happened, and that was actually when inauguration took place at Rutledge Chapel, and then that Friday was when the news broke and my first day in office,” Rankin said. “Dealing with the heart-wrenching tragedy of that event was something I will never forget.” Over the next weeks, Rankin experienced a whirlwind of interactions surrounding Josephson’s death, including working with President Pastides on the “What’s My Name” campaign for safer ride-sharing, meeting with executives at Uber to discuss the layout of downtown Columbia and attending a vigil for Josephson with her family. SEE RANKIN PAGE 15

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MICHAEL SAULS Sports Writer With the spring semester starting on campus, many students will undoubtedly miss the atmosphere brought by Saturdays in Columbia. That said, there are plenty of other nationally-recognized programs on campus students should pay attention to while football is out of season — specifically, the men’s club lacrosse team. If you don’t know much about lacrosse or you aren’t a big lacrosse fan, all you need to know about this team is that they are the defending national champions. The Gamecock lacrosse team finished last season with a 21-2 record, winning the Southeastern Lacrosse Conference (SELC) Championship and the Men’s Collegiate Lacrosse Association (MCLA) National Championship. “We worked hard all year long to put ourselves in a position to go and have some fun, and that championship week, the boys were very focused and had a good mindset of what the goals were and what we had to do to achieve those goals,” head coach James Harkey said. “Winning throughout the year is great, winning the conference championship is great, but being the last guy standing at the end of the day on the top of the mountain was certainly a feeling that I won’t soon forget.” Not only did the team find success on the national stage, but individual players were honored for their historic season. Then-senior goalie Colin Hains was named the 2019 MCLA Player of the Year. Hains’ accolades didn’t stop there; he was named to the MCLA first-team All-America and 2019 SELC first-team All-Conference, and his 252 saves landed him the 2019 SELC Defensive Player of the Year. Then-senior Griffin Giles was named to the MCLA first-team All-America and SELC first-team AllConference. Giles was second on the team in goals scored with 43 last year. Junior Derek Isaac was named to the MCLA thirdteam All-America and the 2019 SELC second-team All-Conference alongside then-senior teammate Frank Fiorrino. SEE LACROSSE PAGE 14



Sophomore attackman Sam Weis scores against Chapman University in the MCLA semifinals in Salt Lake City, Utah, May 9, 2019.


KAILEY COTA Assistant News Editor

I n 2010, h igh s c ho ol senior Sam Bobley k new one t h i n g : He wou ld s t ud y mass com mu n icat ions at t he Universit y of South Carolina. What he didn’t know was that he would be named to the Forbes “30 Under 30” list by the end of the decade. I n 2014, a s a 22-yea r- old, Bobley co-founded Ocrolus, a financial technology company that analyzes financial documents and is worth $100 million. Forbes recently recognized Bobley as one of the 2020 “30 Under 30” honorees in the finance category. “I try not to get too bogged down on personal accolades,” Bobley sa id. “But a lso, on a personal level, I can’t help but admit that it was a pretty cool, pleasant surprise.” More than 15,000 people were nominated for this year’s “30


The Ocrolus team poses for a photo during their annual summer company retreat.

Under 30” list, which started in 2011. Forbes wrote the finalists were “600 revolutionaries in 20 industries changing the course— and the face—of business and society.” T he ide a b eh i nd O c r olu s st r uck Bobley’s fat her, Peter Bobley, while he was writ ing his will. When the law attorney

complained about the number o f b a n k s t at e m e nt s h e h a d to read, Peter Bobley said he brainstormed potential solutions for t h is hole i n t he f i na nce industry.


Gamecock beach volleyball is facing a competitive 2020 season.

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USC alumnus lands spot on Forbes Magazine’s 2020 ‘30 Under 30’ list




Lead vocalist Travis Dry of Angry Chair performs at The Senate in Columbia, South Carolina. The Alice in Chains tribute band is based in North Carolina, but brought its show to Columbia Jan. 3.

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Blue Sky reflects on a lifetime of local artwork. COURTESY OF BLUE SKY


Take a look at 10 USC highlights from the past decade. ETHAN LAM// THE GAMECOCK

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Kappa Alpha fraternity fundraises for Camp Cole TYLER FEDOR News Editor

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Cole Sawyer was only 11 when he lost his battle with cancer. He had spent some of his battle at CAMP KEMO, a summer camp that served as a retreat for patients undergoing serious medical issues or cancer. It was at CAMP KEMO the idea of Camp Cole began to form for the Carters and their family friends, the Fawcetts. Kelsey Sawyer Carter, Cole’s sister, is one of the founders and serves as executive director of Camp Cole. The Fawcetts gave 30 acres for the camp to be built off Garners Ferry Road. In order to turn this empty land into Camp Cole, funds were needed. Fundraising became their daily routine as they worked to bring the Camp to life. One of the groups that have supported Camp Cole is the Kappa Alpha fraternity chapter of USC. “KA first reached out to us because we just had a close relationship with many of its members. My father was a KA, we always joked about it and said Cole would have been a KA,” Carter said. “My co-founder, Margaret Deans [Fawcett] Grantz, and her family are very involved with the fraternity … and her brother is actually a KA currently.” Kappa Alpha, in November 2019, hosted a fundraiser for Camp Cole called “Dancing With The K As.” It was a dancing competition between multiple pairs, where each went out and danced to a song of their choice. People could donate money to a pair, and the pair with the most money won. All the money given to contestants went to Camp Cole. From this event, Kappa Alpha raised $24,500 for Camp Cole. Fourth-year psychology student Jack Fallon is the chapter president for Kappa Alpha at USC. He said the “Dancing With The KAs” event was “one of the highlights of [his] presidency.” “It started my freshman year, so it’s kind of been something, at least for me, that’s been one of the biggest motivators for being in this fraternity, as a whole,” Fallon said. “It’s just something that’s a really special way to bring everyone together every year.” Fallon said he sees the event as one of the many good things that being part of a fraternity can do. The willingness to “stand for something greater than just oneself” is what defines being part of a fraternity to Fallon. “Just seeing how much it means to all the guys as a whole, too, is really cool and really special. I think the experience as a whole is, I think it’s going to stick with guys for a really long time and teach them a lot,” Fallon said. “I am grateful to be able to work with such an incredible organization and for us to support them along the way.” FROM FORBES PAGE 1

To be considered for senior awards, students must: • Graduate from an

undergraduate degree program at USC-Columbia between Jan. 1, 2020 and Dec. 31, 2020.

• Exemplify scholarship,

involvement, citizenship and leadership in academic and co-curricular activities.

• Have completed at least

75 academic credit hours.

The inspiration for how to best analyze financial documents came from a “lightbulb moment” when the team decided to “piggy-back” off a Google Book s init iat ive, Sam Bobley said. “Our idea was, ‘Let’s t a ke t hat ex ac t sa me concept, and let’s apply it to financial documents,’” Sam Bobley said. “We read whatever we can in an entire automatic approach. Whatever we can’t automatically read, we snip into small tasks, route to humans to verify … and return perfectly accurate data back to our customer.” According to Bobley, Ocrolus has raised $33.5 million with nearly 1,000 employees globally and


USC’s Kappa Alpha chapter holds up the $24,500 check for Camp Cole it raised through “Dancing With The KAs,” a dancing competition.

Third-year finance student Andrew Walker served as the philanthropy chair in Kappa Alpha while the fraternity put the event together. Walker said the members of Kappa Alpha “have no problem providing [Camp Cole] with volunteers.” “The buy-in from our chapter is near a hundred percent,” Walker said. “Hopefully, like I said, we’re going to be expanding our partnership, maybe to doing an event in the spring at some point that also raises money for them that we host.” With the funds raised, Carter said she hopes to begin construction of Camp Cole in April. “We are really looking forward to being able to bring people together, to connect with other people who are walking in the same shoes as them. I think that’s really the nucleus and the focus of Camp Cole, is showing people that they are not alone in whatever struggles or hardship that they’re going through,” Carter said. To bring the camp and its ideas to life, the planned accommodations range from cabins, a cafeteria and art shack, to kayaking and an “equestrian therapy program,” Carter said. “A multipurpose room, offices and conference rooms, a medical care facility,” Carter said. “We’ll also have a pool, a ropes course, and a pond for fishing and kayaking and all those fun activities.” Carter said she gives thanks to the “incredible” Kappa Alpha chapter and the work they’ve done to support Camp Cole. “I can’t believe that a group that are youthful, healthy young boys cares so much and really recognize the needs of others, and I think that’s extremely profound and mature of them and I’ve just been so thrilled to be working with such a chapter,” she said. The support Kappa Alpha brings to Camp Cole not only helps fund it, but also gives public awareness to the issue of disability access. “It’s bringing more of the community, more assistance — more of out of the state — into knowing that our community, our citizens, the disability community, deserve a much more thought out, more suitable spaces,” Carter said.

is able to recruit people away f rom G oogle, Facebook and other “top” companies. “I was just raised, since I was in diapers, to be an entrepreneur, to think differently,” Bobley said. “I was fortunate enough to have my dad teach me and lead by example.” Bobley said his f at h e r w a s a “s e r i a l entrepreneur” and his “number one mentor.” D a v id A r c a r a , t he manag ing director of Laconia Capital Group, was “immediately impressed” when he met Bobley in 2017. “He is very articulate; h e’s v e r y f o c u s e d and serious about his business,” Arcara said. In the eyes of his father, Bobley’s strongest traits are his ability to remain

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pleasant, to keep pushing forward and to listen well. “ He’s a b a s k e t b a l l player, and he’s the kind of guy that loves the ball in the fourth quarter,” Peter Bobley said. “He stays calm and collected, and he does what he has to do.” Thanks to his father, Sa m Bobley sa id he w a s able t o “ h it t he g r o u nd r u n n i n g ” i n an area that can seem evasive and trick y. He said he is currently in c om mu n ic at ion w it h Dirk Brow n at USC’s entrepreneurship center, as he wants to play a larger role in teaching young entrepreneurs and speak as a guest lecturer this spring. “ You don’t have to go down the corporate America path and work your way up the ranks — there’s this more risky path, and, you know, there are merits to it,” Bobley said. “I owe it all to my dad for instilling that in me, and now I want to do my part to educate other folks on that path and build entrepreneurship more broadly.”



‘It reshaped my entire life’: A Miss USA from USC CHRISTINE BARTRUFF News Editor She’s a lawyer, an “Extra” correspondent and Miss USA 2019. Is there anything USC alumna Cheslie Kryst can’t do? Kryst, a 28-year-old from Charlotte, graduated cum laude from the Darla Moore School of Business in 2013. Kryst won the 2019 Miss USA title and went on to break into the top 10 of the Miss Universe competition. She was inspired to compete in the pageant circuit because of her mother, April Simpkins, who won Mrs. North Carolina US in 2002. “She was like this pageant queen. People would listen to her, people would watch her, and I wanted the same for me,” Kryst said. “She was able to go out in our communities and talk about volunteering in our children’s schools; it’s what her platform was.” In an email statement, Paula M. Shugart, the president of the Miss Universe Organization, called Kryst “authentic.” “Whether it’s her sharp and studious demeanor when she is practicing law or voicing her opinion, her gregariousness and kindness as Miss USA, or her confidence on the red carpet interviewing today’s stars, Cheslie is a force to be reckoned with because of how she embraces her authentic self,” Shugart said. Kryst said being Miss USA has opened up new opportunities she initially did not see for herself, such as being a correspondent for “Extra” and being an impact ambassador for Dress for Success, an organization that helps “empower women to achieve economic independence by providing a network of support,

professional attire and the development tools to help women thrive in work and in life.” “I think those things that I’ve been able to achieve as Miss USA have really just changed what my five and 10 and 20 year plan is comprised of,” Kryst said. Kryst said she had to balance preparations for the competition with her full-time work as a civil litigation attorney for Poyner Spruill. “I would some days go from work, to an appearance and then come back to the office afterwards or stay home and have to stay up late to work on briefs or deposition preparation or mediation preparation, so that, I think, complicated things,” Kryst said. When she was stressed while preparing for the Miss USA competition, Kryst said her coach, Heather Sumlin, who helped her prepare for the interview portions of the competition, would remind her to trust her hard work. “She would tell me, ‘You’ve tried, now trust,’” Kryst said. “‘You’ve worked and you’ve put in a lot of the effort that is necessary to be Miss USA, now just trust in your preparation.’” USC assistant track and field head coach Delethea Quarles coached Kryst in the long jump, triple jump and multi-events while Kryst was at USC. “She’s committed to everything she touches. I think that is a phenomenal asset to being successful. And she’s living it, she’s doing it. And she had that when she was here, and she still has it,” Quarles said. While getting her law degree at Wake Forest University, Kryst competed on trial team, where her team won the 2017 American Association for Justice national championship. She said this experience honed her memorization and improvisation skills, which helped her with pageant competitions. “W hen I stepped into a pageant competition for top five and top three, you have no idea what they’re going to ask you,” Kryst said. “So there really is that sort of improvised part of things that you have to make sure that you’re ready for.” K r y st sa id she knew she wa nted to be a c iv i l l it igator t h e moment she entered law school.


She said she caught the “trial team bug.” “I love being in the courtroom. I love the excitement of it. I love being able to argue with people all the time because it’s something I’ve done since I was little, which is stand up for people,” Kryst said. Kryst also works pro bono to reduce sentences for inmates. In one of her more recent cases, she worked alongside Brittany Barnett with the Buried Alive Project to release Alfred Rivera. According to a press release from Kryst’s firm, Rivera was initially “given a mandatory life sentence without parole for a low-level federal drug crime.” Kryst said reading Bryan Stevenson’s “Just Mercy” sparked her passion for this area of the law. “It shocked me, and it wasn’t something that I knew very much about,” Kryst said. “So when I started working, my step-dad is also an attorney, and he was doing some pro bono cases for low-level drug offenders and so I just called him up one day and I was like, ‘Hey, I want to help, how can I help?’” She also runs a blog, White Collar Glam, that gives fashion advice and inspiration for young women in the workplace while also keeping things affordable. Kryst got the idea for her blog when she was at her national trial team competition, where she ruined three of her suits. “I just remember feeling that sense of desperation, and I knew that there were people around me who had that same feeling, and I didn’t want them to have to go through that,” Kryst said. In one of her answers for the Miss USA competition, Kryst was asked to characterize her generation in one word. She chose “innovative.” “We’re in a time now where diversity is really important, gender equalit y is essential to the workplace, and I don’t think we’ve seen that in our workplaces before. So our generation expects that,” Kryst said. In 2019, the Miss USA, Miss Teen USA, Miss America, Miss Universe and Miss World titles were all held by black women. “It’s important for more people to see. Because I think when many women of color were growing up, we weren’t always viewed as being beautiful. A lot of our features and traits weren’t always appreciated as they should have been,” Kryst said. Kryst said she hopes young women, especially young women of color, know they can achieve anything, even if they aren’t yet fully represented in a particular field. “People need to remember that. That even if you don’t see what you want to be, you can become that if you’re just brave and courageous and unapologetic about what you want and what you expect from other people,” Kryst said.

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All too often, I find myself defending the same 45 words. “Cong ress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise t hereof; or abr idg i ng t he f reedom of speech, or of t he press; or t he r ight of t he p e o p le p e a c e ab l y t o assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” A nd all too of ten, I a m a dd r e s s i n g t he s a me questions. “Isn’t The Daily Gamecock fake news?” The climate surrounding the press has changed over the last four years. Readership has decreased as distrust has increased. Freedom of t he press is important because the press prov ide s t he c om mu n it y with information, increases aw a rene s s a nd hold s t he u n iversit y a nd st udent organizations accountable. Fake news is the deliberate spread of misinformation, not news that you do not agree with. Many people who use

the phrase “fake news” often and designs are all produced, e d it e d a nd publ i s he d b y do not understand what it is. “W ho is the adult that st udent s. The pu r pose of student media organizations approves this story?” is to give us the opportunity That “adult” is me. I do not have t he years to gain the closest “real world of professional journalism experiences” we can get. The reality is we will make experience to justif y why I will make the decisions I do. m ist a kes. We are st udent My ex per ience w i l l come journalists and don’t take from the three years I have ourselves too seriously. With each mistake, we will spent working on The Daily reflect and strive to not make Gamecock. the same mistake again. I still have a lot to learn. There are ma ny t i m e s w h e n I lo o k back on our coverage My hope is that our coverage will and situations in the encourage a dialogue on issues that newsroom and I feel a sen se of pr ide i n are often infused with stigmas and t he conversat ion we swept under the rug. started. I have also felt regret and questioned the choices that were “W hy doesn’t T he made. But it is easy to look Daily Gamecock support back, knowing the result, and t he u n i v er s it y a n d t he wish things were different. Gamecocks?” Those times are behind us, The Daily Gamecock is each with its own lesson. the editorially independent As the student newspaper, st udent newspaper at t he with over 100 reporters, we University of South Carolina. produce daily online content, E d itor ia l i ndependence newsletters and a weekly print means the editors have the edition. The stories, photos


freedom to make decisions about content without the i nter ference of out side institutions. We are not t he public relat ions depa r t ment for t he u n iversit y or Gamecock Athletics. It is our job to inform readers about what is happening on our campus and in our communit y without a lens that is clouded by an agenda. W hether you have faced an issue that is positive or negative, we will report on it. Have you or a f r iend st r uggled w it h ment a l health? Share it with us.

Are there issues you face i n you r re s idenc e h a l l s? Share it with us. How sustainable do you t h i n k t he u n i v e r s it y i s? Share it with us. I s s u e s s u c h a s m e nt a l healt h, sex ual assau lt a nd pa r t y c u lt u re w i l l be at t he foref ront of ou r conver sat ion s i n t he newsroom. But we ca n not do it without you. Our readers are at the center of every story we produce. L e t ’s c o n t i n u e t h i s conversation together.

USC class reflects on history of slavery LEXI TORRENCE Contributor

The original chemistry textbooks used by University of South Carolina st udent s i n t he ea rly 180 0 s a re remarkably similar to t he book s m o d e r n C H E M 101 s t u d e n t s purchase today. The books are worn from their

two centuries of existence and bound w it h clot h or leat her i nstead of laminate, but they hold much of the same information today’s students learn. The periodic table wouldn’t be assembled for another few decades, but these students, all white men, went to classes in the same Horseshoe buildings students do today. Only their chemistry books were dusted by slaves.

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Almost every book in the original collection of the South Caroliniana Library was once cared for by enslaved labor. Enslaved persons built, maintained and staffed the university from its founding in 1801 until t he Emancipat ion Procla mat ion f reed Confederate slaves in 1863. “[ T he Hor se shoe is] essentially the best preserved landscape of CAROLINE WILLIAMSON // THE GAMECOCK slavery on any American The last remaining slave quarters on campus stands on the Horseshoe c ol leg e or u n i ver s it y behind the president’s house. At least 12 of the buildings on campus are campus,” Bob Weyeneth, named after known slave owners. a h istor y professor at or might not have existed in the first USC, said. In 2010 Weyeneth led a senior place. The names this group discovered seminar that dove into the history of slavery at South Carolina College, are only a fraction of the enslaved the school’s original name. During people who were ow ned by t he the 2019 fall semester, the university’s university or by other parties and newly appointed president formed a forced to serve the campus. University archivist Elizabeth West said that commission to do even more. “I’ve wondered over t he years 20 people was just enough to run why nobody was really looking at Stewarts Hall, the university’s first the connections between slavery and dining facility. The exact number of the university, which was founded, enslaved people who worked at the obviously, 60 years before the Civil university might never be known, West said. War even started,” Weyeneth said. Those identified were memorialized During the project, Weyeneth and his students discovered the names of on a marker in front of the president’s 21 people enslaved at the university. house on the Horseshoe in 2017. Unlike at the University of Virginia Behind the president’s house stands and many other Southern colleges, the only remaining slave quarters on here there were only a handful of campus. records t hat ment ioned enslaved people, and even fewer documents SEE SLAVERY named them. The documents could PAGE 15 have been lost, damaged, destroyed


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Review: ‘The Two Popes’

MOVIE OF THE WEEK: “Uncut Gems” After years of speculation, we can f inally rest assured that Adam Sandler is indeed a real actor with legitimate talent. Sandler stars in the crime drama as a gambling-addicted jeweler on t he hu nt for a gem t hat can repay his debts. The film also comes from independent p r o d u c t io n c o m p a n y A 24 , known for its departure from traditional film tropes and plot formulas. Catch it while you can, because there’s no telling when Adam Sa ndler w ill per for m in a role outside of obnoxious comedies again.

ALBUM OF THE WEEK: “Fine Line” by Harry Styles It’s been a month since Styles released his sophomore album, but not much has come along to usurp its position as the best new release. “Fine Line” has familiar singles, fun singalongs, real depressing ballads and a range of sounds that appeal to old and new Harry fans, pop and ‘70s rock fans alike. As if that wasn’t enough, it is Stevie Nicksapproved. If it’s good enough for Stevie, it’s good enough for us.

SONG OF THE WEEK: “Changes” by Lauv A new semester brings i ne v it able c h a ng e. Fr iend s graduate or go abroad, you pick up some internships or a new job and we all move one step closer to the real world. Lauv gets this. The latest single off his upcoming album tack les the uncertainty and excitement su r rou nd i ng l ife’s cha nges. Don’t get too down on yourself, and take it from Lauv: “It’s all going to work out someday.”


“u nc ut gems but adam sandler bets that cats will win best picture at the oscars” —@jamieloftusHELP

EVENTS OF THE WEEK: I’ve Got 2020 Vision: Vision Boards Greene Street Preston Side Jan. 15 at 11 a.m.

Thursday After Dark: Adrenaline! Adrenaline trampoline park, f ree shut t le leaves f rom t he Horseshoe Jan. 16 at 9 p.m.

Carolina Productions Presents “It Chapter 2” Russell House Theater Jan. 17 at 8 p.m.

MLK Day of Service Davis Field Jan. 18 at 8:30 a.m. —compiled by Nick Sullivan


Anthony Hopkins and Jonathan Pryce chat on-screen in “The Two Popes” in a replica of the Vatican’s Room of Tears.

LILY SHAHIDA Arts & Culture Editor

“The Two Popes” Release Date: Dec. 20, 2019 Director: Fernando Meirelles Runtime: 2 hours 5 minutes Genre: Biography


The role of pope is one of great esteem in the Catholic faith, and it should not be taken lightly by those selected to fulfill the duties. This is perhaps one of the central themes in “The Two Popes,” Fernando Meirelles’ Netflix film. “The Two Popes” demonstrates the importance in selecting the right person for such a demanding position and gives audiences a look into the complex relationship between Pope Benedict XVI, played by Anthony Hopkins, and Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio — better known as Pope Francis — played by Jonathan Pryce. The film follows the story of Pope Benedict X V I’s self-pronounced inability to meet the evolving needs of the Catholic church and Cardinal

Bergoglio’s resistance to assume the role at Benedict’s request. Audiences are given a look into their histories, their faith and their differences, but ultimately, “The Two Popes” is a biographical drama that tells a story of overcoming differences and accepting forgiveness for the sake of a shared cause. “The Two Popes” succeeds in crafting a multifaceted story that app e a l s to emot ion s a nd b eg s audiences to search for the meaning o r “mo r a l of t he s t o r y.” T he movie is unusual in that it almost blurs the line between drama and documentary. If one was unfamiliar wit h t he actors, t he f ilm would likely be hard to distinguish from a doc u ment ar y. The somewhat shaky filming technique combined with an authentic script and raw yet realistic acting are enough to emulate a documentar y, but the integration of news clips and footage of the characters in real life make it difficult to differentiate between genres. “The Two Popes” stays true to its title for nearly the entirety of the film. There are only two developed characters throughout the movie: Pope Benedict XVI and Cardinal Bergoglio, who later becomes Pope Francis. The narrow focus on two characters allows the story to be por t rayed in t he most allu ring way possible, and the relationship between Bergoglio and Benedict lets audiences compare and contrast the two, which, as one sees by the end of

the film, is important to the central message. The character foil between the two, along with the evolution of t heir abilit y to u nderstand and accept each ot hers’ dif ferences, takes center stage in this movie while simultaneously bringing the necessary dose of comedy to balance t he ser iou sne s s of topic s s uch as faith and responsibility. Some differences are little — Bergoglio likes The Beatles while Benedict prefers classical music — and some are large, such as their conflicting opinions about sexual orientation. In the beginning, their inabilit y to overlook these differences are clear, and their relationship is one of disagreements. As they begin to open up to one another about their past experiences, audiences witness an evolution that culminates with Benedict’s renouncement of t he papacy and his request t hat Bergoglio take over. The f ilm comes du r i ng a n interesting time for Catholicism, but it is clear that a shared love of their faith and the desire to better serve their people is what motivates Bergoglio and Benedict to overcome their differences. In a time when st ark d if ferences i n bel iefs are sometimes difficult to ignore, the lessons the two teach each other about forg iveness, bala nce a nd finding common ground are lessons that audiences can take with them, too.

Tribute bands keep legacies alive ASHLEE GAINEY Arts & Culture Writer

Nir vana, Led Zeppelin a nd A l ice i n C ha i ns a re revered bands by many, and some die-hard fans would do almost anything to see them live. In some cases, attending a show by these ba nds is d if f ic u lt due to ex penses and long t ravel distances. In other cases, it is impossible because the band either has deceased members or stopped touring. But the love people have for these bands should not only live in playlists. Tribute bands save these musicians’ legacies by playing songs by popular artists that follow their style closely. Angry Chair, a tribute to A lice in Chains, made an appearance at The Senate on Jan. 3. “We try to recreate [Alice in Chains] as faithfully as possible, so that fans and newcomers alike have a time

worth remembering fondly,” Todd Langdon, guitarist and vocalist for A ngr y Chair, said in an email interview. A ng r y Cha i r members sa id a g reat t h i ng about tribute bands is that they get aud ience members acqua i nted w it h loca l musicians. Langdon said many tribute band members also have or ig i nal project s. Drummer Adam Blackmon and vocalist/guitarist Travis Dr y of A ng r y Cha i r a re part of an original project, “Drow n T he Mob,” a nd Langdon said t he t ribute band allows a wider demographic to be exposed to this project. “ T he y ’re awe s ome , i n my completely u nbia sed opinion,” Langdon said. SEE TRIBUTE PAGE 8


Lead vocalist Travis Dry of Angry Chair performs at The Senate in Columbia, South Carolina, Jan. 3.



The decade that left genre behind, allowed anyone to be a musical artist SEBASTIAN LEE Arts & Culture Writer

Looking back at the music of t he past, it can be easy to place specific musical trends i n sp ec i f ic dec ade s , s u c h a s t he Br it i s h i nvasion of t he ‘60 s or grunge in the ‘90s. W hen people of t he f ut u re a re look i ng back onto t he 2010s, the music of the decade will be defined by the aba ndon ment of t he t y pical idea of genre a nd t he r i s e of t he “DIY” artist. I n 2010, autot u ne w a s o n it s w a y o u t and Kanye West was still working on “My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy.” From there, the music scene would shift away from genre and the idea you need a label to have a hit, culminating in Lil Nas X’s “Old Town Road.” “Old Tow n Road” is perhaps t he most recent ex a mple of genre bending and an i ndependent relea se in popular music. However, it is far from an anomaly. A rt ists t hroughout the decade have been mixing genres together to c reate t hei r ow n u n ique sou nds. A n early example of this would be Adele, who has been mixing pop and soul since “21” in 2011. Other examples are

Frank Ocean with his neo-soul and rhythm and blues sound; X X X Te n t a c i o n ’ s mix of emo rock, trap and lo-fi sounds; the previously mentioned L i l Na s X ’s m i x of rap w it h cou nt r y; Beyonce’s mix of R&B and country in “Daddy Lessons” and, of course, Billie Eilish’s mix of got h pop and trap. “ Ever y t h i ng ’s postmodern; anybody can reference anything they want. You’ve got h ip ho p s o n g s t h at are winning countr y music awards; you’ve got indie music t hat references a ny t h i ng from count r y to ele c t ron ic mu s ic to pop,” Alex McCollum, an employee at Papa Jazz Record Shoppe, said. Wood y Jone s, t he assistant manager at Papa Jazz, said Brittany How a r d’s r e c e nt l yreleased album “Jaime” illustrated the concept of genre falling to the wayside. “You listen to t hat record and it sounds l i k e a ny t h i n g f r o m Dav id Bow ie to just straight up R&B and soul and blues,” Jones sa id. “ You ca n’t put that record anywhere.” Besides genre b e n d i n g, t h e o t h e r big movement of the dec ade wa s t he r ise of “DI Y ” a r t ist s, or art ists who get t heir


start independently. A rcade Fire’s “The Subu rbs” won t he 2010 album of the year and became the f irst i nd e p e nd e nt a lb u m t o w i n a G r a m m y. I n 2017, Chance t he R app er b e c a me t he

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f i r st a r t ist to w i n a Grammy without ever selling physical copies of his music. W it h t he i nter net a nd ser v ices such as YouTube, SoundCloud and Bandcamp, anyone can release music and gain a following. Associate professor Ernest Wiggins in the School of Journalism and Mass Communications said

C h a nc e t he R app er was a good example of someone who built up his own brand, st yle, music and follow ing without having to deal w it h t h e c o r p o r at e music structure. “ Yo u d o n’t p u t a demo out and deliver it to Sony Music waiting to be affirmed by them as being the next big Taylor Swift,” Wiggins said.

The idea that someone such as Clairo – whose first hit song, “Pretty Girl,” was first posted on YouTube, where a nyone cou ld listen for f ree – was able t o s ig n w it h a label a nd release a n album only two years later was completely unheard of in decades before. In the 2010s, a r t ist s took mat ters into their own hands.



Artist Blue Sky faces challenges as a creator in Columbia STEPHEN PASTIS Arts & Culture Writer

Many residents of the Columbia a rea a re fa m i l ia r w it h loca l a r t pieces such as the giant chain mural connecting two buildings on Main Street or the “World’s Largest Fire Hydrant” on Taylor Street, but less is known about their creator. Born in Columbia, Sout h Carolina, in 1938 as Warren Edward Johnson, Blue Sky changed his name in 1974 and became a well-known artist and major contributor to the art scene in Columbia. He attended the University of South Carolina, earning his master’s and bachelor’s degrees in art and educat ion, in addition to schools in New York and Mexico. While he said he does not consider any of these direct inf luences or inspirations, young Sky got his start in the art world with his mother, privately making art and developing his interest in sculpting. Sky would even go into the yard and dig his own clay for pottery. Though he had the adolescent ambition of being an engineer, his path changed when his high school adviser told him he should pursue art. A n appreciator of Ralph Waldo Emerson and admirer of the popular Lat i n A mer ica n mu ra l scene, Sky’s works feature his distinctive A merican post-war and Trompel’oeil style, and can be found in the col lect ions of t he Sm it hson ia n, M ississippi Mu seu m, Colu mbia Museum, Florence Museum and State Museum, among other East Coa st col lec t ion s. A f ter nea rly 45 years a nd cou nt less hou rs of work, his expressions populate the contemporar y and historical art scene of the world. His wife and agent, Ly nn Sk y, whom he met through her newlyopened galler y in June 1981, has sold t housa nds of h is pa i nt i ng s and helped draw attention to his devotion to art and its products. The two have traveled around the world, going to Europe yearly since the ‘90s, which not only inspired many of Sky’s paintings of places such as Rome, England or Spain, but also produced museum exhibits and spread his work across the globe. Despite being worldly adventurers, they have always returned to their home of Columbia in an Emersonesque appreciation. Lynn Sky now keeps up w it h t heir son, a USC Honors college alumnus, and still manages her husband’s works and publications. She has contributed to h is work bei ng publ ished i n several dozen art history books and museums around the world, more recent ly t he R ice Mu seu m, t he Wright Museum, National Museum in Sweden and in a Presto book by Random House in Germany. “I t hought t hat was pret t y incredible, that he’s getting more at tent ion arou nd t he world a nd being represented, you know, as a trompe l’oeil master, whereas here in Colombia he doesn’t seem to get as much respect,” Sky said. Besides the fire hydrant, “Busted Plu g Pl a z a” a nd t he “ Ne v e r Bust Chain,” his murals such as “Tunnelvision” or “Windows of the


Soul,” both of which are enormous wall frescoes spanning over 40 feet, are a testament to his gifted ability and devotion to the trade. These huge pieces are all done w it hout t he t y pica l met hods of projec t ion or t r ac i ng. Done completely by hand while juggling a personnel lift, city ordinances and weather, these works can sometimes take up to three months to finish. “[The city has] canceled so many great pieces that I had planned. It’s just been one right after the other, canceled, canceled, canceled,” Sky said. Sky’s most recent mural, located behind Groucho’s Deli and The Bird Dog, is nearly 1,700 square feet, being around 24 feet tall and 81 feet long. It features many of the typical styles and artistic intricacies of Sky’s works. “It’s a hundred times harder, not just t wice as hard,” Sk y said. “If you don’t believe it, that’s why you don’t see paintings like this around. They’re hard. It really takes great talent to do something like this.” Besides these challenges requiring all his attention, each piece is funded essentially by himself. Although he accepts it as a part of the job, funding is a cyclical struggle, as he has nearly always funded his artwork, which for him is his life. “I don’t think people realize how poor artists are, we have no money. I’ve never had a new car, not even anything close to a new car,” Sky said. “We struggle. I never k now how we are going to pay anything. I don’t have any money; no one wants to pay for anything. We’re all poor, but that comes with the profession, I guess.” For t he “ Ne ver Bu s t C h a i n” installation in 2000, after weeks of effort to gain permission from the surrounding buildings’ owners, Sky spent around $5,000 total to attach the massive metal links to the walls. The process involved around seven men in the dead of night using a crane and about 2,000 pounds from a hydraulic press. This was all done in secrecy and careful planning, and the piece had to be hung exactly 26 feet in the air to be the legal distance from the sidewalk, as he knew the city would want the piece removed. Despite conflict and contrary action, after a time and with the help of his friends, it was allowed to stay. “He’s a local artist; he’s chosen to stay in Columbia. He could have lived in New York. He could have lived in LA, or anywhere else. He’s been offered to live in Chicago, they tried to get him to move there — because they have a huge art support base there and foundations,” Lynn Sky said. “But he loves Columbia, he loves his home state, he loves living there and I just wish people would continue to support him.” Compared to most artists, Blue Sk y st ray s f rom t he t y pica l a r t vendor in almost all aspects. From private f u nding to f inding local areas where he can create, he has endu red ma ny advent u rous a nd unique experiences for his pieces. He continues to leave an important expressive mark on the local area and subtle commentaries about art and freedom in our modern world.

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The “World’s Largest Fire Hydrant” was created by Columbia artist Blue Sky. The artist is known throughout the Midlands for his numerous artwork pieces and murals.



Professional chefs give mac and cheese tips SARAH CRONIN Arts & Culture Writer

First brought to America in 1802 when Thomas Jefferson served the dish for dinner at the White House, the idea for mac and cheese was simple: macaroni mixed with melted cheese. As it became one of the most beloved side dishes, variations of mac and cheese recipes have taken on a life of their own. A South Carolina native, chef and mac-andcheese-enthusiast, Ashley Monique decided to put different recipes to the test and hold a mac and cheese competition in Columbia. On Jan. 12, Monique’s second annual Mac & Cheese Festival had three competing chefs from South Carolina serve their best mac and cheese. Monique has been cooking since childhood, helping her grandmother in the k itchen, and continued cooking for family events as she got older. Her hobby quickly turned into a side job after friends posted pictures of her meals on Facebook, and social clubs in her community began hiring her as a vendor. Monique became a professional caterer and food vendor while still working her corporate job. Monique said people’s reactions excited her and inspired her to start the competition in order to showcase all the different variations on the traditional dish. Another competitor, TahJa Washington, is a chef for the nonprofit, Myrtle Beach-based organization Hunger Crusaders Corporation. The organization focuses on feeding and clot hing low income neighborhoods. After being sent a link to the Mac & Cheese Festival, Washington said she knew she wanted to get involved and help get the Hunger Crusader’s name out to the public. Washington said her favorite type of mac and cheese is baked with bread crumbs on top. Her tips for making the best mac and cheese include using extra cheese, milk, eggs and more cheese on top. Charles Monsanto, the third chef participating in the event, had different advice. “Embrace the weirdness that your taste buds are craving. I’ve put some weird things in mine over the years and it might not be as good as I would’ve wanted or am used to, but it’s provided some insight on where to go with the next batch,” Monsanto said in an email interview.

This festival will be Monsanto’s debut in the professional cooking world. He is a Navy veteran, has worked as an electronics technician and is currently a professional tractor-trailer driver. However, over the past couple years his passion for cooking has grown, and with the encouragement of friends and family, he is working to create a menu for future vendors. The new chef had advice for college students wanting to cook professionally. “Remember your “why.” The reason behind doing what you do will oftentimes determine how successful you are,” Monsanto said.


Vendors line up to prepare and pass out samples at the second annual Mac & Cheese Festival. Competitors entered in hopes of being crowned “Best Mac & Cheese In Columbia.”


N E V ER M I N D, ba sed out of At lanta, Georgia, is a t ribute to Nir vana. N EV ER MIND will be back in Columbia April 3 to perform at The Senate. “I enjoyed Nevermind a lot not just because they were similar to t he real t hing, but because t hey and other tribute bands keep the spirit of the bands and the culture surrounding them alive,” Amauria Covington, a first-year art studio student, said in an email interview. Covington attended NEV ER MIND’s performance at The Senate in August. Tribute bands cannot be exactly like t he orig inal band, but t hey mirror the band closely while adding in their own style. “The crowd wants what LAWSON ESTRIDGE // THE GAMECOCK t he y r e me m b e r,” E r ic Ho g a n , Bassist and vocalist Max Johnson of Angry N EV ER M I N D’s lead voc a l ist , Chair performs at The Senate in Columbia, said in an email interview. “A truly

“good” tribute walks that fine line of i mp er s on at ion a nd out r ight plagiarism.” Hoga n sa id “top t ier” t r ibute bands look and dress like the bands to which they’re paying tribute. “[P]laying the songs correctly is only a part of [t he performance] albeit an important part,” Hogan said. “The rest is the presentation. The clothes, the stage show etc.” Hogan said the one way their band differs from Nirvana is that he is not left-handed. One of the main differences of tribute shows and original shows is t icket prices and crowd sizes. For a lower price, people can help financially contribute to someone’s mu s ic a l c a reer or hobb y wh i le e x p e r ie n c i n g a m o r e p e r s o n a l performance. To see what t ribute bands are coming to Columbia, check The Senate’s online event calendar at KAILEE KOKES // THE GAMECOCK w w w.t h e s e n a t e c o l u m b i a . c o m / Lead vocalist Travis Dry of Angry Chair calendar. performs at The Senate in Columbia, South Carolina, Jan. 3.

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Monique also shared tips for college students to improve their own recipes. She recommended shredding a block of cheese, which is fresher, using liquid margarine and not fake butter and using no more than three eggs. “Enjoy those calories,” Monique said. “Go jogging another day.” For students looking to get a fresh mac and cheese recipe, all of Monique’s mac and cheese rec ipes a re ava i lable on her website, w w w.

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Angry Chair, a tribute to Alice in Chains, performs during their show at The Senate Jan. 3.


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Column: Why theater matters for everyone MARDY KRAMER Arts & Culture Writer

A s art programs around t he cou nt r y a re bei ng minimized in favor of STEM and sports, it’s time to stick up for theater. Bringing a well-rounded approach to extracurriculars, theater is one of t he best act iv it ies or hobbies a child can get involved in. Filled w it h amazi ng cost u me s a nd fa nt a st ic set designs, theater allows creativity in every aspect of product ion. Ch ildren are taught team-building skills a nd empat hy si mply by acting in a production and st udy i ng t heir cha racter. As a direct result, children become more well-rounded i nd iv idua ls af ter bei ng involved in a theater show. Ever yone played makeb e l ie v e a s c h i ld r e n . It ’s s o me t h i n g s o n at u r a l it has become a fundamental piece of growing up. The grown-up equivalent to this is theater. Theater play has even been used as a therapy tool. Theater should be a safe environment where children can grow and make mistakes wit hout feeling judged or looked down upon. Aut ist ic ch i ld ren ca n benefit greatly from theater t he r ap y w it h t he u s e of S h a k e s p e a r e’s i a m b i c pentameter rhythm, which can have a calming influence. The ch ildren are put out of t hei r comfor t zones, but t he y a re never m ade u ncom for t able or judged for their mannerisms. Even nonverb a l c h i ld ren w it h autism are able to participate in their own way, creating special bonds between the participants and allowing the


children to experiment in a safe environment. Besides tak ing an active role in theater participation, children and families can benefit simply from seeing a play or musical. Live theater presents a unique challenge because it is limited to the set and a handful of effects, a nd not t he post- ed it i ng

effects movies or television shows have access to. It has to be done perfectly on the spot for each showing of the produc t ion, but a maz i ng costumes and set designs can stimulate audience members. Being interested in theater goes beyond t he act i ng on stage. There are many people work i ng beh i nd

the scenes, and seeing live productions makes people realize how much work goes into a show; this can develop an appreciation. Children can thrive when exposed to such creativit y a nd f i nd a passion for t he pract ica l ef fect s by watch i ng a produc t ion. Just by engaging in a show,

people can learn empat hy through relating and hearing stories about people who are different from themselves. Apart from seeing a show, even people who take theater classes or are part of a theater c lub b e c ome more wel lrou nded. Theater classes can build connections, boost self-esteem and encourage positive risk-taking through group participation. These groups can help children, i n p a r t ic u l a r, f i nd t hei r commu nit y and g row i nto t hemselves. Mu sica l t heater groups go beyond that, giving people not only ment a l b enef it s but a l so physical ones, such as the constant exercise that goes hand in hand with musical theater. Positive risk-tak ing also helps build self-confidence. I f a ch i ld ca n master a hard lesson or a situation, t heir self-conf idence w ill sk y rocket. By bu ild i ng more self-conf idence, ch i ld ren w i l l cont i nue to t a ke more posit ive risks and create a cyclical environment for growth and self-development. T heater a l low s g row t h a nd cha racter bu ild i ng beyond normal after-school activities by giving children a community of like-minded i nd iv idu a l s i n a p o sit ive a nd safe space. Ch i ld ren can f ind a creat ive out let wh ile enjoy ing nu merous health benefits. It is proven that theater can help with self- con f idence a nd selfesteem, increasing positive risk-taking and decreasing anxiet y and mental health symptoms, showing why it is one of the best activities to be involved in.


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Music lovers keep vinyl alive in streaming age MADISON POINDEXTER Arts & Culture Editor

USC student Jesse Milliff set one of her favorite vinyl records, “Signs of Light” by The Head and The Heart, on her black turntable. “When I wake up in the morning,” the first song began. “I see nothing / for miles and miles and miles.” The record is one of more than 200 she has in wooden crates on her bedroom floor. Milliff, a third-year business management student, started listening to vinyl because of her dad. “He showed me all of his records,” she said, sitting under a Beatles poster next to her turntable. “I think Beatles ‘65 was the first one I listened to.” Milliff is among a large number of people who listen to vinyl records. Nationally, vinyl record sales have increased ever y year since 20 05, reaching over $419 million in 2018, according to the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Vinyl sales are expected to surpass CD sales this year, in part because of vinyl’s increasing popularity, but also because of a steep drop in CD sales, according to RIAA. In an age when the music industry is ruled by streaming services such as Spotif y and Apple Music, vinyl has made its comeback. To be sure, vinyl sales still pale in comparison to those services, but t he att ract ion is v isceral and emotional. “True music lovers and aficionados,” the people behind the numbers, have kept vinyl alive, according to Scratch N’ Spin owner Eric Woodard. “As people become more addicted to their phones, everything is instant access, instant gratification,” Woodard said in his store on 12th Street in West Columbia. “Vinyl is kind of like a rebellion against that.” Sverre Thorvaldson, 45, listens to records in his living room on a record player from the ‘80s. It’s a brown chest

that opens to reveal a turntable, an 8-track player and a cassette player inside. “Got that a couple months ago,” Thorvaldson said, moving a Bruce Springsteen record to open the top. “If I turn the stereo all the way up, you will hear it all the way down the street.” He often listens to records, at a reasonable volume, when he’s writing one of his mystery novels. He stopped listening to vinyl when CDs came along but picked his collection back up a few years ago. “Now I can actually appreciate the actual music. The lyrics, the sound,” Thorvaldson said. “Back then it was just singing to it, dancing to it.” While the sound quality is a plus, he said, nostalgia is what keeps him spinning records. “It brings back memories of my childhood,” Thorvaldson said. “I can picture my late dad and I listening to Christmas records by Nat King Cole and Bing Crosby.” For graphic designer David Hunt, nostalgia is a byproduct of listening to the music he grew up with. He was 14 when he saw the Beatles on “The Ed Sullivan Show.” “A s t h e i r m u s i c g r e w , m y sophistication and listening grew,” Hunt said. “If I listen to Rubber Soul ... it will definitely have memories.” The 69-year-old has listened to vinyl records his entire life, except for a few years in the early ‘90s when he didn’t have a turntable. He has hundreds of records, old and new, that fill two tall bookshelves. “The sound quality is, some people say, it’s better than CDs, and in some respects, it is,” Hunt said. “It’s a warmer ... more organic sound than a more digital, steely sound that CDs have.” Being a music fanatic (he named his son Lennon, after John Lennon), he listens to music in other ways too.

SiriusXM radio, for example, is on in his office most of the time. While it’s great for background music, he said, it’s not the same experience as listening to vinyl. “[Listening to a record] is a much more of an involvement,” Hunt said. “You get the record, you take it out, you put it on the record player. You usually sit dow n and listen to it, actually listen to the music.” You start from the beginning and don’t stop until the needle moves over. Then you get up, flip the record over and set the needle again. It’s an intentional, interactive process. Hunt said appreciating the album art is another part of enjoying vinyl. From poster inserts to liner notes, each record offers a unique experience. He remembers the record “Stand Up” by Jethro Tull, a British band formed in the late ‘60s, had a pop-up of the band that “stood up” when the record was opened. “The record art and the packaging has always been fantastic,” Hunt said. Most of the time, people sit through an entire album when they put on a record, hearing an artist’s full creative story from beginning to end. Unlike digital production of music, vinyl can be scratched, adding pops and skips to the songs. For most listeners, this is


part of vinyl’s appeal. “I was so, just, particular about, ‘Oh, there’s a pop’ — I’d take it back and get another copy,” Hunt said, reflecting on buying records when he was younger. “Now, I listen to records and if they have that in them, I feel like it’s sort of the charm of the media.” It’s people’s connection to music, Woodard said, that will keep vinyl growing in a time where the music industry is driven by the quick, digital release of the newest songs. “[ People] create an emot ional connection with music,” Woodard said. “Vinyl is the ultimate format for experiencing music and for being able to immerse yourself into it.” In her room, Milliff sits beside all the records she’s collected, reminders of a love of music passed from father to daughter. “I need to know you’re thinking of me,” the last song on The Head and The Heart record ends, solid piano chords playing beneath the lyrics. “I need to know you’re thinking of me.” “W hen I’m listening to stuff on vinyl, I’m listening to everything. Ever y thing involving the music,” Milliff said as the needle clicked back into place. “It feels more real and more at home than any other kind of thing that I’ve ever experienced before.”


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Team finished 39th in the final ranking of the 2019 season.


Beach volleyball returns to sand for 2020 season

Senior Carly Schnieder hits the ball in the beach volleyball match against Coastal Carolina last season. South Carolina won 4-1.


South Carolina’s beach volleyball team returns to the sand at the end of February for the program’s seventh season. The Gamecocks look to continue their success after finishing 2019 with their fourth-consecutive 20-win season and ranked No. 16 in the country. Last season’s victories over No. 2 Southern California and No. 4 LSU were South Carolina’s first-ever wins over top five-ranked teams. Two graduate transfers have joined the Gamecocks for the 2020 season: Morgyn Greer, who played indoor volleyball for four years at the University of Florida, and Madison Brabham, who was a member of both the indoor and beach volleyball teams at Texas A&M-Kingsville. Freshmen Skylar Allen, Ashley Brasfield, Kaeli Crews, Eliza Epps, Peyton Gray and Sophie Manson have also joined the program, and six starters from last season return, including seniors Katie Smith, Franky Harrison and Hannah Edelman, who secured 20 wins last year. Head coach Moritz Moritz, who has led the program since its beginning, told Gamecocks Online he was “excited” about the upcoming season. “The sport is deeper than it’s ever been, so we need to enter every match knowing that we need to be locked in no

matter who we face,” Moritz told Gamecocks Online. “We experienced the peaks and the valleys last year, so we know what we’re capable of on our best day and our worst day. I expect our team to be hungry and I’m looking forward to getting back in the sand to prepare for the months ahead.” South Carolina’s schedule, which consists of seven tournaments and one standalone mid-week game against Coastal Carolina, will be tough this year. Sixteen of its 29 total matches will be against teams that finished the 2019 season ranked in the American Volleyball Coaches Association’s top-20 poll, and six matches competed in last year’s NCAA tournament. The Gamecocks will start their season with a tournament at Florida State, where they face Cal Poly and Houston Baptist Feb. 22 and TCU and Florida State Feb. 23. The Carolina Challenge tournament will be South Carolina’s home opener, where they’ll take on North Florida, FIU, Arizona State and Mercer. The regular season wraps up at home in April with the Palmetto Invitational, where the Gamecocks will host Stetson, Erskine, Tulane and College of Charleston. South Carolina will play a total of 13 home matches at Wheeler Beach, which is located in the Athletics Village between Carolina Tennis Center and Carolina Softball Stadium. Attendance for all home beach volleyball events is free.

Gamecock women’s golf looks forward to spring season


men’s Basketball

Lost, 63-56 vs. Stetson, Monday, Dec. 30 Lost, 81-68 vs. Florida,Tuesday, Jan. 7 Lost, 56-55 vs.Tennessee, Saturday, Jan. 11


Women’s Basketball

Won, 99-72 vs. No. 14 Kentucky, Thursday, Jan. 2 Won, 93-78 vs. Alabama, Sunday, Jan. 6 Won,93-57 vs. Vanderbuilt, Sunday, Jan. 12


men’s Tennis Won, 7-0

vs. The Citadel, Friday, Jan. 10 Won, 6-1 vs. UNC Charlotte, Saturday, Jan. 11

PAIGE DAVOREN Sports Writer T h e S o u t h C a r o l i n a w o m e n’s golf team is looking to continue its successful fall slate this spring. Kalen Anderson has been head coach for the past 13 years, leading the team to f ive NCA A regional titles since 2010. “The Gamecock women’s golf team is committed to achieving short-game and scoring game excellence, and much of our practice time reflects this goal,” Anderson told Gamecocks Online. Last season, the Gamecocks finished ranked No. 9, falling just short of the NCA A championships. This is only one of two championships the Gamecocks have missed in the last 10 years under Anderson. This year, the team is again f ull of talented golfers from around the world. The freshman class alone has two women from France. Pauline Roussin-Bouchard helped South Carolina f ind victor y at the Windy City Collegiate Classic and the Landfall Tradition this fall. As a result of her success, she was named to the final fall ANNIKA Award Watch List. A nderson is optimistic about the


impact freshman Mathilde Claisse will have this year. “Mathilde has a highly developed skill set, along with a very professional attitude and work ethic,” A nderson told GamecocksOnline. “Mathilde’s overall game is one of the most solid I’ve witnessed in junior golf.” At t he Tar Heel I nv it at ional i n October, G amecock women’s golf placed seventh of 18 competing teams. On t he last day of t he La ndfall Tradition in Wilmington, the team had a 5-under-par performance that led them to victory over 17 other teams. Senior Ana Palaez led the Gamecocks with a 5-under-par 211, putting her in second place in the individual rankings. “We came away with a win and I’m really proud of the mentality they had in some adverse conditions,” Anderson told G a mecock sOn l i ne. “It was a great way to end this week and the fall season.” Senior Lois Kaye Go competed in

the Southeast A sia Games in early December. A nat ive of Cebu Cit y, Philippines, Go helped lead her home team to a gold medal and t ied for fourth place in individual competition. This spring, t he Sout h Carolina women’s golf team will compete in four tournaments during the regular season. In mid-February, the Gamecocks will travel to Guadalajara, Mexico, to pa r t icipate i n t he Guada laja ra Invitational. After the Gamecocks return home t o ho s t t he 2020 D a r iu s Ruc k er Intercollegiate in Hilton Head March 6 through 8, they will move on to the Liz Murphey Collegiate Classic in Georgia March 20 through 22. For t he la st tou r na ment of t he reg u la r season, Sout h Ca rol i na women’s golf will head up to Brown Summit, Nort h Carolina, in April to compete in t he Br yan Nat ional Collegiate.


Football Longtime Gamecock football recruit, wide receiver Da’Qon Stewart, announced he will be decommitting via Instagram and Twitter. Quarterback Dakereon Joy ner plans on cont inuing his football career at South Carolina rather than entering the NCAA’s transfer portal. On social media, Joyner tweeted, “I was never taught to quit something I started!”



Men’s & Women’s


Senior Maik Kotsar drives for a layup against Florida forward Omar Payne. Kotsar led the team with 18 points and 10 rebounds against the Gators.


Freshman guard Brea Real goes up for a layup against Kentucky. Real scored 15 points.


Senior AJ Lawson looks to pass down the court. The Gamecocks found trouble shooting from behind the arc against Florida, shooting just 27% from 3-point range.


Freshman guard Trae Hannibal goes up for a dunk late in the game against Stetson. Hannibal finished with 8 points.


Freshman guard Brea Real goes up for a shot against one of Kentucky’s players. South Carolina beat Kentucky 99-72.


Senior forward Mikiah Herbert Harrigan gets fouled after getting a rebound in the game against Arkansas. Herbert Harrigan finished with 13 points.


Sophomore forward Keyshawn Bryant looks to pass in the game against Florida. Bryant finished the game with 14 points.


Senior guard Tyasha Harris scans for an open teammate. Harris finished with 10 points in the win over Kentucky.

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Column: Decade’s top 10 moments in sports FAITH WORRELL Senior Sports Writer

A s t he new decade begins, it’s enjoyable to look back on the past 10 years to see what all happened in the world of sports. The 2010s brought us countless games that included heart-warming Cinderella stories,

impressive shutouts, jaw-dropping endings and comebacks t hat just seemed too good to be true. When looking at all sports, there were easily thousands of memorable games that filled the past decade and will be talked about in many decades to come. Here are 10 jaw-dropping endings in sports from the 2010s:

10. Abby Wambach in 2011 Women’s World Cup quarterfinals July 9, 2011 The United States women’s soccer team made an incredible comeback in the 2011 Women’s World Cup quarterfinals, and Abby Wambach is a huge reason why. Brazil had taken a 2-1 lead in overtime, and things were not looking good for the United States. Then Megan Rapinoe got the ball to Abby Wambach, who scored off the header and forced the game into penalty kicks. The United States defeated Brazil 5-3 after the penalty kicks. 9. Cubs break curse Nov. 2, 2016 It’s important to first remember what this World Series championship meant for the Cubs. The franchise had not won a championship in 108 years. The series against the Cleveland Indians went to a game seven, and the 10-inning final game was a rollercoaster. In the final inning, there was a 17-minute rain delay. Once the game resumed, the Indians were able to bring two runners in and bring the score to 8-6. Viewers feared the Cubs were going to give the game away, but Mike Montgomery got the final out to end the game. After over a century of struggle, the Cubs ended the longest championship drought in baseball history. 8. Malcolm Butler’s 2015 Super Bowl interception Feb. 1, 2015 This play will forever haunt Seahawks fans, who watched Russell Wilson literally throw the Super Bowl victory away. Even today, when the Seahawks are anywhere within the 5-yard line, announcers are quick to comment on the coaching staff and question what play they’ll choose. All season long, Marshawn Lynch had been a huge playmaker for the Seattle Seahawks. It seemed like the perfect scenario when the Seahawks lined up on the 1-yard line, down 28-24 to the Patriots with under a minute left. Lynch had the chance to run the one yard and seal the win. That was, of course, until Pete Carroll called a pass play that stunned viewers and led to Patriot Malcolm Butler intercepting Wilson’s pass, thus winning the Patriots’ fourth Super Bowl. 7. Villanova wins championship on buzzer-beater April 4, 2016 After battling through March Madness, North Carolina and Villanova had an exciting championship game with a picture-perfect ending for the Wildcats. Villanova’s offense had fallen to a 17-7 run by North Carolina late in the second half. They were prompted to call a timeout after the Tar Heels tied the game at 74 with 4.7 seconds remaining. After the timeout, it was Villanova’s Kris Jenkins who made the 3-pointer at the buzzer to clinch the 77-74 national championship victory. 6. Landon Donovan beats Algeria in 90th minute June 23, 2010 The 2010 Men’s World Cup was in Pretoria, South Africa, and the match was between the United States and Algeria. The game was scoreless for such an extended period of time that many Americans lost hope in their team pulling out the win. The United States men’s team had a goal called back and a missed shot. Landon Donovan, however, came up huge in the 90th minute by racing down the field and scoring for the U.S. “If there was going to be a goal that defined the era when American soccer touched the mainstream, it would have to be scored by Donovan on the counter,” Sports Illustrated writer Brian Straus said. 5. 2016 NBA Finals June 19, 2016 The Golden State Warriors had taken a 3-1 series lead against the Cavaliers in the 2016 NBA Finals. This is a deficit no team had come back from in the history of the NBA — up until this point. LeBron James and the Cavaliers were able to pull off the comeback and extend the playoffs to a game seven in Oakland. James was looking to fulfill his promise to bring home a championship to Cleveland, and with a 93-89 victory over the Warriors, he did just that. The victory in Oakland made the Cavaliers the fourth team in NBA history to win a game seven away. 4. Ray Allen in game six of 2013 NBA Finals June 17, 2013 Going into game six, the Miami Heat trailed the San Antonio Spurs 3-2 in the series. The Spurs had a 5 point lead with only 30 seconds remaining. Miami cut the Spurs’ lead down to three, and LeBron James had a chance to tie the game for Miami. He missed the game-tying shot as the shot clock expired, but got the rebound to Ray Allen. Allen then took a 3-point shot from the right corner and made it. This gave Miami the opportunity to extend the game to overtime, where they pulled out the win. Miami went on to win game seven. Authentic

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3. Minneapolis Miracle Jan. 14, 2018 During one of two NFC divisional rounds of the 2017 playoffs, the Vikings hosted the Saints. With just under 30 seconds left in the game, the Saints held onto a 24-23 lead after kicker Will Lutz made a 43-yard field goal. The Vikings had just enough time to COURTESY OF TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE respond, but after a series of incomplete passes, it seemed as if their playoff hopes were going to die on their own 39-yard line. With 10 seconds left, quarterback Case Keenum threw a 35-yard pass to Stefon Diggs, who ran the remaining 33-yards for the game-winning touchdown. Diggs’ jumping catch caused Williams to tackle his own teammate, who happened to be the only other defender close enough to try stopping Diggs. The Vikings advanced to the NFC championship game. 2. Pat r iot s’ 2017 Super Bowl comeback Feb. 5, 2017 The New England Patriots were looking to win their fifth title, and the Atlanta Falcons were hungry for their first Super Bowl win. The Falcons had only ever appeared in one other Super Bowl 18 years prior, and after they dominated the first three quarters, COURTESY OF TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE it became almost impossible for them to lose their second appearance. The game was 28-3 early in the 3rd quarter. The Patriots needed to come up with 25 points to even tie the game. This was the offense that had only put up one field goal in over 30 minutes of play. Despite all odds, Tom Brady and the Patriots’ offense came up with every one of those 25 points while their defense kept the Falcons from even scoring a field goal. The Patriots won the coin toss in overtime, and they soon began marching downfield. Running back James White ran the game-winning touchdown, completing what some consider the greatest comeback in Super Bowl history. 1. Auburn’s kick six in Iron Bowl Nov. 30, 2013 Expectations for an exciting game were high when the 10-1 Auburn Tigers hosted the 11-0 Alabama Crimson Tide. The game remained relatively close the entire day, and after each team came up with big plays near the end, the game was tied. Tied at 28, Alabama kicker Adam Griffith lined up to try a 57-yard gamewinning field goal. In almost all of these scenarios, the kicker either makes it to win and end the game or misses to extend the game to overtime. Chris Davis had a different idea. Since the ball was short, Auburn had the chance to run it out. Davis caught the missed field goal and ran 109 yards to score for the Tigers and defeat Alabama 34-28. COURTESY OF TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE

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What you missed this winter 1. 3. 5.

—compiled by Cam Adams

Approval of alcohol sales at sporting events T he Un iver sit y of Sout h Ca rol i na boa rd of t r u stee s approved the sale of alcoholic beverages at South Carolina sporting events Dec. 17, 2019. This approval went into effect Jan. 1. Alcohol will be available for purchase at Colonial Life Arena, Williams-Brice Stadium and Founders Park.

Men’s basketball knocks off defending national champs The Sout h Carolina men’s basketball team k nocked of f then-No. 9 Virginia 70-59 Dec. 22, 2019 i n Cha rlot tes v i l le, Virginia. Redshirt junior guard Jair Bolden led the way for the Gamecocks in points with 22, as South Carolina shot 55.1% from the f ield. However, the G amecock s are now on a three-game losing streak since knocking off the Cavaliers.

2. 4.

Football introduces new streng th and conditioning coach Dec. 17’s board of trustees meeting also saw the approval of a new strength and conditioning coach for footba l l. Pau l Jackson, a former strength and conditioning coach at Ole Miss, will make $450,000 per year for the next two years with the Gamecocks. L at t i mor e s t e p s d ow n , Shaw h ired as director of player development Fo r m e r S o u t h C a r o l i n a running back Marcus Lattimore stepped down as the director of player development Jan. 10 after serving two years in the position. Former Gamecocks quarterback Connor Shaw is expected to replace Lattimore with an official announcement coming sometime this week. It is unknown why Lattimore stepped down from the position.

Five Gamecocks to play in Reese’s Senior Bowl Five former Gamecocks are set to play in the Reese’s Senior Bowl in Mobile, Alabama, on Jan. 25. Defensive tackle Javon Kinlaw, defensive end D.J. Wonnum, inside linebacker T.J. Brunson, punter Joseph Charlton and wide receiver Bryan Edwards will look to impress NFL scouts before the NFL draft. The game will kickoff at 2:30 p.m. EST and can be seen on the NFL Network.

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Last year’s leading goal scorer junior Sam Weis’ 55 goals landed him a SELC A ll-Conference honorable ment ion a long side sen ior Hank Chastain. T h e at h le t e s w e r e n’t t he on ly ones recog n ized at t he end of last season. Harkey was named the 2019 MCLA Coach of the Year. Harkey is entering his fifth season as head coach of the Gamecocks’ lacrosse team and has a 64-16 record. “It’s a great honor to be recog n ized l i ke t hat , a nd honestly, awards like that are ref lections of all the people around me; I mean, first and foremost the players,” Harkey said. “I’ve been preaching to these guys since the first day I set foot on the practice f ield w it h t h is g roup f ive years ago. I told them that [winning the championships] was achievable, that this was something that we had the ability to do.” The Gamecocks’ lacrosse team lost 13 seniors this year, including Hains. “C ol i n , s p e c i f ic a l l y, i s going to be hard to replace, ‘cause it wasn’t just the great on-field play that he provided, he was a great leader on and off the field, and a guy that, really, everybody got along with,” Harkey said. H a rke y sa id he’s encouraged by the returning players, espec ia l ly ju n ior Matt Butler, who is “a heck of a goalie in his own right,” but there are “a number of newcomers who are pushing h i m ha rd for t he” goa l ie position While the team might be losing one of its best players, it’s retaining another one.

Sam Weis led t he team in g o a l s s c o r e d a n d p o i nt s scored last year. According to Harkey, Weis is a “pure goal scorer.” “I am ver y excited about Sam coming back, not ju st bec au se of h is p oi nt production but ... he came i nto h is ow n on t he f ield once he started being a vocal leader on the field,” Harkey said. “His ability to control, to be that quarterback of the of fensive side of t he ball, you k now, it really made a huge difference for us down the stretch of the season last year.” We i s , a t r a n s f e r f r o m B e l l a r m i n e U n i v e r s i t y, a Div ision I school in Louisville, Kent uck y, said he credited his success to the fact he played sports such as hockey and golf before finding lacrosse. “Nobody really knew who I was last year,” Weis said. “I feel like I may be on some of the teams’ radars now just because I put up some points last year.” Weis said he thought they could “def initely” win t he championships again. “We have t he abilit y to come back and do it all again, and repeat,” Harkey said. The new season starts this Febr uar y i n Baton Rouge a g a i n s t Te x a s A & M a nd LSU, and t he G amecock s will have many chances to prove they are just as good as last season. There w ill be a rematch of the SELC Championship with Georgia Tech March 6 in Atlanta, and a rematch against Libert y, one of the two teams to beat the Gamecocks last season, at home March 21. T he G a mecock s’ f i rst home game is Feb. 7 at 7 p.m. at the Bluff Road Practice Fields against Georgia.


“I d id a press conference w it h President Pastides about that, just t al k i ng about a nat ional level of coverage out of something terrible, and a t ragedy, hav ing somet hing positive come and that be making s u re t h at e vent s l i ke t h i s don’t happen again,” Rankin said. In the months that followed, the election of President Caslen by the board of trustees, on which Rankin sits, rattled the student body with controversy. “I did not run off of a political party, my job is not to represent one group, it’s to represent all students, and so at times I have to be impartial; most times, even. I take that ver y seriously, and so mak ing sure I’m representing everything I’ve heard from students, and taking what I’ve heard a nd br i ng i ng it toget her,” Rankin said. “That’s what I did in that case.”

A f ter a su m mer of work ing alongside his staff at the university, t h e c o r e o f R a n k i n’s p l a t f o r m promises — those made regarding pr og r a m s a nd a me n it ie s t o t he st udent s — cou ld st a r t to be implemented. Rankin emphasized an on-campus 9/11 memorial as one of his highest pr ior it ie s for t he f a l l seme ster. R a n k i n ca mpa ig ned on t he pla n that the memorial would take place at W i l l ia m s-Br ice St ad iu m , but the event was held on Davis Field. Rankin also initially compared the event to USC Dance Marathon in his endorsement interview with The Daily Gamecock. “ I t ’s g o i n g t o b e s o m e t h i n g where you bu i ld tea m s a nd you have com mu n it y member s, so b u s i ne s s e s , p e o p le t h at l i v e i n Columbia, South Carolina — that live in Sout h Carolina, period — coming together,” Rankin said in his endorsement interview. Instead, the daylong event featured a 9/11 themed workout and a table where students could pledge to take


A not her ma rker com memorat i ng t hei r contribution to the campus stands in front of McKissick Museum. A separate project erected a statue of professor Greener, t he school’s f irst A frican A merican professor, who taught at the university brief ly during Reconstruct ion when t he college was desegregated for the first time. That statue stands outside Thomas Cooper Library. For m a ny s t udent s , t he s e were t he on l y reminders of the university’s slavery past. Captain university ambassador Will Stallings said the organization doesn’t bring up slavery on campus tours, but all ambassadors are prepared to answer questions about that history if asked. “We don’t want to make certain people feel uncomfortable, and we don’t necessarily think that it contributes to the overall message that we are trying to bring,” Stallings said. He also said t he universit y administ rat ion r e c e nt l y a s k e d f o r t h e g r o u p t o c o n s id e r mentioning the histor y of enslaved people on tours, but the group has not made any changes at


certain actions in memory of those lost du r i ng 9/11. St udent s cou ld also write letters at the event that were hand-delivered to local f irst responders. Rankin said he wanted this event to be annual, not just a one-t ime event. “I think it’s important that this is something that can be sustainable, t hat is not ju st goi ng to happen one year, and, ‘Okay, great, yeah,’” Rankin said. Rank in and his staf f faced challenges in implementing programs during the fall semester. According to K arinna Rao, Rank in’s deput y chief of staff, event attendance was generally low, with the exception of t he Veterans’ Day race, which saw over 400 runners. This was due to the limited marketing strategies utilized by Student Government over the course of the semester. “ W it h s uch a big c a mpu s, it ’s so ha rd to reach ever y si ngle student. I think expanding so that we have more f lyers up and more announcements up in residence halls

this time. “History is a tapestry, and it’s not a full picture if you don’t get all of the threads in there, and that includes the ones you don’t want to have to deal with,” West said. West worked with Weyneth and his students to reveal the history of enslaved people on campus. They discovered many owners of these slaves are revered figures on campus, such as John Rutledge, John and Joseph LeConte and Thomas Cooper. “Thomas Cooper was a skunk,” Weyenth said. “Why is this stuff still here? It makes no sense.” At least 12 buildings on campus are named after known slave owners. Due to the Heritage Act of 2000, the university as a state agency cannot change these names without a joint act of the South Carolina General Assembly. The bill states: “[The South Carolina Heritage act of 20 0 0] proh ibit s t he remova l of t hese Confederate f lags on the State House grounds and the removal, changing, or renaming of any local or state monument, marker, memorial, school, or street erected or named in honor of the confederacy.” The advocacy of enslaved persons and their histor y on this campus is an important issue to former university president Harris Pastides

and the schools that have bulletin boards that you can place stuff on,” Rao said. “Because upperclassmen, a lot of t hem won’t come back to campus for events that aren’t held throughout the day.” This 9/11 memorial was followed in November by the Veterans’ Day 5 K r ac e , or g a n i z e d b y St ude nt Government. The event was a benefit for the Fisher House, an organization t hat hosts veterans’ families near Vetera ns A f fa i rs hospit a ls wh i le their loved ones undergo medical procedures. Stigma Free USC was also a part of R a n k i n’s ca mpa ig n prom ises. A continuation of previous years’ events, last semester’s Stigma Free USC feat u red a week of ment a l hea lt h awa rene ss event s such a s suicide gatekeeping and available support systems. Rankin’s chief of staff, Sam Mayberry, worked closely w it h t he secretar y of healt h a nd wellness, Chase Arledge, to showcase t he “real ex periences of st udents with mental health struggles.”

and has carried over to current president Bob Caslen. During the 2019 fall semester, Caslen staffed a presidential commission to look into the university’s history, “warts and all,” Weyenth explained. Weyeneth, West and the former and current universit y president will work with others on the committee, including USC’s chief diversity officer and the principal of Maxcy College. The commission has not met yet, but the goal of the group is to learn more about the university’s past and educate t he communit y about t heir findings. A long with slaver y, the commission will look into the history of women, civil rights, veterans and other groups on campus. While changing building names is an unlikely outcome, West explained that the commission could add a “more prominent and holistic look at the entire campus” and add context to the names so visitors can understand the full story of USC. Some ideas include an app with a self-guided tou r, i n- dept h ma rker s at t he ent r a nce s of buildings and adding material to U101 classes. “We may not be able to change the name of the Cooper library, but we could put a plaque there that said ‘Thomas Cooper is a skunk,” Weyenth said.

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Column: Embrace the spirit of Epiphany


Column: Student success more than GPA

Student athletes pose for a group photo in front of Colonial Life Arena at the end of the spring 2019 semester.

As students begin t his new s e m e s t e r, m a n y are thinking about their education as a whole — how many more classes do I Meredith Edwards need to take, is this Second-year mass class going to be too communications diff icult, etc. But student besides making it to graduation, what really can be used to assess the quality of an individual student’s educational success? In her article “Your GPA is Your Calculator of Academ ic Success,” Emily Ludeman wrote, “GPA is a snapshot that employers, professors, ad v i s or s a nd p e er s lo ok t o a s a benchmark of your academic career.” GPA defines many parts of student life as it stands now: whether a student is on academic probation, what student organizations they can participate in or what leadership or internship positions they can hold. Even once a student leaves college, GPA is used by many large companies to screen candidate applications. In the Forbes article “Do Employers Really Care About Your College Grades?,” Susan Adams wrote that “many small employers won’t expect to see a GPA on a résumé, but most large companies will.” One of the major strengths of the GPA system is that it boils a student’s full academic journey into an easily comparable metric. With the amount of applications these companies have to sift through, it only makes sense that they would look at GPA because of its brute efficiency. The simple, efficient nature of GPA produces its biggest f law. GPA does not fully reflect a student’s academic experience or t he sk ills t hey have learned. Fi r s t l y, s c reen i ng s t udent s b y GPA might also sort out st udents with relevant work and internship

experience. Because it is a measure of classroom success only, GPA is not representative of extracurricular experiences. Even t hough m a ny cla s se s a re important and can teach st udents various skills in their chosen fields, assignments and tests that factor into GPA bear little resemblance to the work of those that have a career in the student’s field of study. In the article “Does GPA Matter When Looking for a Job?,” Lawrese Brown wrote, “your GPA may get you in the door, but it’s not going to close the deal. There are other factors—your creativity, interpersonal skills, critical thinking, and communication ability— that are likely to be far more relevant than the grades you received in college coursework.” Te s t s a r e o f t e n a n a c c u r a t e assessment of whether a student has, at least temporarily, learned the necessary information. However, because it is hard to test career skills, test scores in letter grades and, by extension, GPA, are less representative of how students will be able to apply their knowledge in their future career. Then t here are t he problems of student cheating and grade inflation. Because we have ingrained GPA as the primary measure of student success, st udents are t urning to unet hical methods and pushing professors to grade their classes easier. I n h is ar t icle “Elim inat ing t he Grad i ng System i n College: The Pros and Cons,” Dave Tomar wrote, “I nf lated g rades lead to i nf lated r a n k i ng s, cont r ibute to bet ter employ ment rates, a nd genera l ly promote the illusion of academic rigor while achieving exactly the opposite effect.” Employers, faculty and students need to treat GPA as the blunt instrument it is, and work to find more holistic ways to measure student success.

With the of ten cited commercialism of Christmas, we tend to get c au ght up i n the wonderful but sometimes Stephanie Allen Second-year a nt icl i mac t ic English and studio a n t i c i p a t i o n art student of Ch r ist mas D a y. A nt ic ip at io n f or g i f t s . A nt icipat ion for peace. A nt icipat ion for some k ind of neat resolut ion to t he world’s problems or, at least, our own. We return to the norm of our classes just a week after Epiphany, a holiday that, outside of liturgical churches, has become lost to our culture. Once we find ourselves at C h r i s t m a s , w e b r e at he a communal sigh of relief that it’s finally over, failing to meditate on our much-awaited experience of Christmas Day. Christmas is but the first day of celebration — quite literally the first day of Christmas. The twelve days of Christmas so often sung about are days of celebrat ion, followed by Epiphany, the holiday representing the Magi’s visit of the Christ child. For a Christian, these events are Christ’s first manifestation of himself to humanit y — the strikingly humbling incarnation of God himself and of his promise of salvat ion. Epipha ny is not to look back at the Christmas h o l i d a y, b u t t o l o o k t o a resurrection to come. We’ve put anticipation on the wrong side of the holiday. W. H . A u d e n b e a u t i f u l l y summarizes our post-Christmas passivity in the final lines of his long poem “For the Time Being: A Christmas Oratorio.” He notes our annual obser vance of “the Actual vision” and subsequent failure to “do more than entertain it as an agreeable.” There is a “craving [of ] the sensation” of

Christmas, but an ignorance of the cause. Tak ing the Christmas spirit with us is not merely continuing the generosity, gratitude and joy t he holiday is k now n for. We must recapture that anticipation. For the religious reader, that spirit directly correlates with the calendar’s promise of Easter. For those outside the Christian faith, it’s a bit trickier. Auden’s solution is undertaking the self-ref lection required to fully absorb the meaning of the Christ ian holidays. Relig ious or not, he contends that it is a ref lect ion we w illf u lly avoid. Epipha ny ma rk s a t i me of revelation, a time that should be taken to seriously consider that which has been learned over the course of yet another Christmas season, a time to ref lect while looking ever forward to a promise of joy. S o, reg a rd le s s of rel ig iou s preference, there is certainly a level of intention required should we hope to keep t h is elu sive spirit of Christmas with us as we traverse into a new year. As we begin this semester, we should do so with purpose, taking note of how even the mundane equations and piles of homework contribute to our thoughts. While we are stuck in this time between Christmas and Easter or, more aptly, this time between winter and spring break, take a moment to discover a personal epiphany. Do not simply get lost in the present but embrace the holiday spirit even in spring — the spirit that encourages us to find hope. Anticipate growth. Anticipate joy. Continue to long for the same peace and goodwill that we get a small taste of during the holidays. Perhaps the spirit of Christmas is overrated. Instead cling to the spirit of Epiphany.

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Looking back at USC’s decade highlights 2011


South Carolina wins back-to-back baseball championships

South Carolina football defeats Alabama South Carolina defeated No. 1-ranked Alabama, 35-21, ending the Crimson Tide’s 19-game winning streak and establishing Gamecock football as a force to be reckoned with. This victory was not only a major upset, but a star-making performance for Gamecock legends Marcus Lattimore and Alshon Jeffery, who are revered by the university to this day.

The men’s baseball team proved that its 2010 NCAA championship win was no fluke when it finished the 2011 tournament with a 10-0 record and reclaimed the championship mantle. Thanks to the leadership of coaches Ray Tanner and Chad Holbrook, the Gamecocks pulled off one of the most impressive feats in the history of South Carolina sports.

South Carolina Honors College recognized as best in the nation

Gamecocks cap off winning streak against Clemson Tigers



The SC Honors College secured a No. 1 ranking from the first volume of “A Review of Fifty Public University Honors Programs” — a position it has held ever since. This cemented UofSC’s reputation as a formidable academic institution not only in South Carolina, but across the country.

The university’s most generous donor, Darla Moore, dedicated and lent her name to the new home of the university’s No. 1 international business program. The Darla Moore Business School remains one of the most impressive buildings in Columbia and is the university’s architectural gemstone.



New Darla Moore School of Business opens



Hootie & the Blowfish reunion

The university’s most generous donor, Darla Moore, dedicated and lent her name to the new home of the university’s No. 1 international business program. The Darla Moore Business School remains one of the most impressive buildings in Columbia and is the university’s architectural gemstone.

After a seven-year hiatus, band members Darius Rucker and Mark Bryan, both former broadcast journalism students, reunited to celebrate the opening of the new school of journalism building on campus and play a free concert on USC’s historic Horseshoe. Their heartfelt performance is a memory the university won’t soon forget.



Jory Fleming becomes Rhodes Scholar

Rhodes trust

Already a Truman and Goldwater Scholar at the time, Fleming was awarded the coveted Rhodes Scholarship and subsequently enrolled at Oxford University. A model of academic excellence and virtue, Fleming remains a source of inspiration for faculty and students alike.



President Pastides’ 10th anniversary

Beloved president Pastides celebrated 10 years of service to the university. Through Pastides’ leadership, USC survived the 2008 financial crisis and went on to become one of the country’s premier state universities. For that, USC will be forever in his debt.

Women’s basketball team wins championship

Beloved president Pastides celebrated 10 years of service to the university. Through Pastides’ leadership, USC survived the 2008 financial crisis and went on to become one of the country’s premier state universities. For that, USC will be forever in his debt.


President Caslen’s appointment


After a controversial selection process, Gen. Bob Caslen was appointed as USC’s new president. It is unclear what his legacy at the university will be, but students and faculty are waiting with bated breath to find out. —compiled by Jared Bailey

Column: New tobacco policy blurs lines of adulthood Eighteen-year-olds are legally considered adults, allowed to vote and die for this country, but have to wait to grab a drink and now a cigarette until they are 21. Conversely, science says the brain isn’t fully developed until the age Stephanie Allen of 25. These varying definitions Second-year English and studio b e g t he q ue s t io n : W h at i s adulthood? art student The new law changing the legal age of tobacco usage has the potential to slow the surge of underage electronic cigarette usage, but further distances 18- to 21-year-olds from their sense of adulthood. It especially affects young adults who are currently this age — who have now had their right to use tobacco products swept out from under them. Since their introduction in 2015, Juuls have changed the nature of smoking, specifically affecting underage users. High school bathrooms were jokingly referred to as “the Juul room.” With a 75% increase in high school e-cigarette usage from 2017 to 2018, lawmakers decided Juul use was no longer a joking matter. This past December, the federal minimum age for purchasing tobacco products was changed from 18 to 21. By January, the FDA had banned sales of flavored cartridge-based e-cigarettes in an effort to lower underage usage, citing “epidemic levels of youth use of e-cigarettes.” College students exist in an odd limbo between adolescence and adulthood. Though they can legally be financially independent, on average, they only cover 27% of the cost of their own education, according to

a 2019 study. This is often still a great financial undertaking, but an average 40% of the cost is left to the parents. This lack of financial autonomy in young adults, combined with mixed signals of their own legality, makes the ages of 18 to 20 an odd experience. If these young adults are expected to act like adults, they should be treated as such, not post-adolescent “special cases.” Setting different legal ages, even if done with good intentions, strips away the legitimacy of an 18- to 20-year-old’s adulthood. Clearly these age restrictions aren’t working on young adults. A website on college alcoholism reported that 80% of college students drink alcohol to some degree, though less than half of college students are over 21. The same underage students who have access to alcohol will likely have access to tobacco products as well. Because an overwhelming 86% of Americans think the minimum drinking age should be 21 and 73% agree with the Tobacco21 initiative, the indistinct terms of adulthood are not likely to be clarified anytime soon. Ultimately, this change of law wasn’t to spark a debate over the definition of adulthood. It was meant to distance minors from the chance of having access to potentially damaging substances. The historic lows of cigarette usage are not the


result of age-limiting legislation but of education, raising cigarette prices and introducing smoke-free workplaces. Similar tactics should be used when tackling issues of e-cigarette usage, rather than complicating the definition of a “legal adult.” Instead of educating youth and young adults on the dangers of tobacco and e-cigarettes, the law leaves 18- to 20-year-olds in a pending state of adulthood.


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Physical action gets re su lt s. Don’t revea l your secrets all at once, wit h Venus in Pisces. M a i n t a i n m y s t e r y. Fantasies abound. Allow yourself more quiet time.

Find a sweet deal. Ex pect ex pendit u res. Review family finances this month, with Venus in Pisces, and discover ways to save. Increase your assets.



Feather your love nest. You’re more domestic, with Venus in Pisces this month. Increase your family’s comfort level. Savor simple home cooking. Recharge for professional growth.


You’re extra popular t his mont h, wit h Venus in Pisces. Social activities benefit your c a r e e r. S h a r e y o u r heart with friends and allies. Pull together for common cause.

Per s on a l i n sight s benef it . Pa r t ner sh ips f lower, w it h Venus in Pisces. Collaborate on a creative project. Use your magnetism and charm. Bu ild a nd st reng t hen long-term connections.

Document your exploration and research. Yo u e s p e c i a l l y lo v e learning, wit h Venus in Pisces. Creat iv it y flourishes. Words flow with ease. Write and share your discoveries.

Home recharges you to g rab career o p p or t u n it ie s . Ta k e charge this month, with Venus in Pisces. Pass a test and rise a level. Do the homework.

G et i nto a f u n a nd productive work phase, w it h Venu s i n Pisces. Physical performance can provide exceptional results. Prioritize health, wellness and fitness this month.

Silver flows into shared accounts. Gat her new income. This month with Venus in Pisces can get profitable. Infuse heart into your work and it pays.

Communication and transportation channels flow more freely. Travel, explore and study, with Venu s i n Pisces t h is month. Plan your next ad vent u re. Di scover new worlds.

Artistic efforts work i n you r favor. You’re especially lucky in love, wit h Venus in Pisces. Savor and create beauty this month. Share your heart.

Rely on a strong partnership. Dress like t he star you are w it h Venus in your sign. Try a new style or look. You’re especially irresistible.







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1 2 3 4

Solutions to today’s puzzle

© 2019 The Mepham Group. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency. All rights reserved.

Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Lewis

ACROSS 1 Hanks who plays Mr. Rogers 4 Spanish houses 9 Watched secretly 14 Dr.’s group 15 Scarlett of fiction 16 African river 17 Server of shots 18 Manicurist’s tool 20 Word with sprawl or renewal 22 Norse trickster 23 Walrus feature 24 Made stuff up 26 Like Mattel’s Cathy doll 28 Eponymous ‘60s-’80s “Airways” entrepreneur 33 Like desperate straits 34 Send with a stamp 35 Old Detroit brewer 39 Like frozen roads 40 Resolves out of court 42 Paris summer 43 Spot for a friendly kiss 45 Bit of cat talk 46 Mennen lotion 47 Attacker or defender of online information systems 50 Water heater 53 Nuremberg no 54 German auto 55 Movie lab assistant 59 President #2 62 “It” novelist 65 Org. for the ends of 18-, 28-, 47and 62-Across 66 Remove the chalk 67 Muslim holy city 68 Home state for the ends of 18-, 28-, 47- and 62-Acr. 69 Monica of tennis 70 Beautify 71 Suffix with Japan or Milan

DOWN 1 “Forbidden” fragrance 2 Actor Epps 3 Bakery item Jerry stole from an old woman in a classic “Seinfeld” episode 4 Fooled in a swindle 5 “Figured it out!” 6 Windsurfing need 7 Guthrie of folk 8 Quarterbacktackling stat 9 Biol. or ecol. 10 Toaster snack 11 Data to enter 12 Spew out 13 Not at all cool 19 Kiss from a pooch 21 Teacher’s helper 25 Ten-cent piece 27 Gas brand with toy trucks 28 Bank acct.protecting org. 29 Wealthy 30 Cake directive Alice obeyed 31 Soda bottle buy 32 Permit 36 Arrange new terms for, as a loan 37 Bart’s bus driver

38 Perceive aurally 40 Terrier type 41 McGregor of “Doctor Sleep” 44 “Total” 2017 event visible in a coast-tocoast path from Oregon to South Carolina 46 Very dry 48 Soft French cheese 49 President #40 50 Diamond quartet 51 Off-the-wall 52 Perfect 56 Govt.-owned home financing gp. 57 Gave the nod to


58 Wealthy, to Juan 60 Corp. execs’ degrees




Your concerns about climate are completely justified and on target. It's ridiculously unfair for you to inherit an uninhabitable planet because self-interested politicians refuse to stand up to corporations. But they can’t dismiss you. Your voices rise with the conviction of truth and the willingness to act. You’ve called yourselves “the voiceless future of humanity,” but you are not voiceless. For too long, members of my generation have chosen short-term profit over anything else, even people’s lives. But you’ve broken through — using every tool at your disposal to demand a voice. It’s imperative for those in power to treat the climate crisis with the urgency it demands. I'm the only candidate who will openly make fighting climate change my number one priority. If it's not number one, it won't get done ... and it has toget done. On the first day of my presidency, I will declare the climate crisis a national emergency and invoke the emergency powers of the executive office, including enacting power plant regulations, instilling stricter pollution standards on cars, and revamping building codes. I will hold all corporate polluters accountable for their environmental crimes against humanity. No other candidate sees it this way, but we have no choice — we’re running out of time. It’s why I left my company a decade ago to start NextGen America, and worked with students all across the U.S. to mobilize the largest youth voter registration and turnout effort in American history. Young people lead the charge; and in 2020 you’ll vote out the most corrupt president this country has ever seen. Climate justice is at the heart of this struggle. Far too much pollution is located in communities that lack political agency, and especially in communities of color. My climate justice plan ( focuses on bringing justice to those whose air and water has been poisoned by corporations over decades of discriminatory, environmentally racist policies. We must redress this historic and continued discrimination if we are going to build a better America and transform our economy safely and equitably.

On day one of my presidency, I will declare the climate crisis a national emergency and invoke the emergency powers of the executive office.

When we put justice at the center of fighting climate change, we'll bring this country together and create millions of good, high-paying, green jobs in the process. The future of this planet and our economic future can only be assured together. We must turn the most powerful tool in history — the American economy — toward healing our planet, restoring our communities, and building a government that is truly of, by, and for the people. This is the election that will determine the course of all our lives. Trump has made it clear that he is willing to destroy our health and our planet to please the oil and gas industry. We must stop him. We can safeguard our futures while restoring the health of the planet. We can become global leaders again through climate action. And together, we can win. Regardless of who you’re voting for in 2020, I know you’ll show up. I know you’ll speak out. I know you’ll vote, because there’s so much at stake — everything. Let’s save the world, and let’s do it together.



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