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SDSU celebrates Mary Shojai’s life


Will Molly Munger’s tax initiative do enough to protect San Diego State without taxing California to death? PROPOSITION 35: PAGE 6

Is Proposition 35 protection of sex trafficking victims, or expensive legislative overextension? THIS WEEK’S LOVE GURU: PAGE 3


paige nelson , photo editor

A loved one of Mary Shojai holds the program of the ceremony that was held in the SDSU Parma Payne Goodall Alumni Center in remembrance of Shojai’s life. The room was filled with people who shared experiences with Shojai ensuring that her memory will forever live on.

Sara Diaz de Sandi Staff Writer

The memorial for former San Diego State Director of Student Disability Services Mary Shojai was held yesterday at the SDSU Parma Payne Goodall Alumni Center. On Sept. 30th, Shojai was found

murdered in her Santee home. More than 100 of Shojai’s family, friends and co-workers attended the ceremony to celebrate her life and service to SDSU, where she worked for 37 years. Many of those present wore purple, Shojai’s favorite color. SDSU President Elliot Hirshman was the first to speak of Shojai’s

legacy. “We come together to show our appreciation for Mary,” Hirshman said. “A person of compelling kindness … Mary’s legacy is deep and profound.” Shojai is nationally recognized for her work in enabling students with disabilities to live independently and confidently.

Kelvin Crosby, a member of SDS Student Advisory Board, walked up to the podium with the help of his service dog and thanked Shojai for her dedication to him and other students with disabilities. Crosby, whose disability affects his vision and hearing, said Shojai SHOJAI continued on page 2

Good men don’t have large flashing signs above their heads saying, “willing to commit” ... The Love Guru

Dingwell, Aztecs run Rebels out of town


Hilal Haider Staff Writer

After a thrilling upset victory against the University of Nevada, Reno last Saturday, the San Diego State football team entered this week’s action against the University of Nevada, Las Vegas with a three-game winning streak, hoping to extend it to four. Not only did Saturday offer the Aztecs a chance for a four-game winning streak and a 4-1 record in conference play, it also marked the beginning of the Adam Dingwell era. Senior quarterback Ryan Katz will most likely be out for the remainder of the season after suffering an ankle fracture early in last week’s action against Nevada. Losing the starting quarterback and an experienced leader can be devastating for a team, but the injury opened up a window of opportunity for Dingwell. Behind Dingwell’s 231 yards passing and two touchdowns, SDSU defeated UNLV 24-13 at home, moving

to 6-3 overall and 4-1 in the Mountain West Conference. The action started a bit slow, as the Aztec offense punted during its first two possessions and lost a fumble on its third. As a result, the Rebels jumped out to a 6-0 lead when junior running back Tim Cornett rushed for a 64-yard touchdown on UNLV’s first series. The extra point was no good. In response to the Rebels’ scoring drive, the Aztecs fought back, when Dingwell used his mobility and junior tight end Gavin Escobar to create some offensive progression. With fewer than three minutes to go in the first quarter, Dingwell found Escobar for a 52-yard gain down to the Rebels’ 12-yard line. On the ensuing play, Dingwell went back to Escobar for the 12-yard touchdown pass to give the Aztecs a 7-6 lead at the end of the first quarter. “I feel like we have good chemistry,” Dingwell said about Escobar. “I’ve been throwing to

paige nelson , photo editor

Junior tight end Gavin Escobar tries to evade a UNLV defender after a catch Saturday. Escobar finished the game with four receptions for 108 yards and one touchdown as SDSU moved to 6-3 overall and 4-1 in conference after defeating UNLV 24-13.

him since I’ve been here. I feel like he trusts me and I trust him tremendously. He’s a a big target for us.” Staying with the ground game, sophomore running back Adam Muema converted on fourth-and-

one early in the second quarter to keep the SDSU offense moving. Three plays later, senior running back Walter Kazee leapt over the line for a one-yard touchdown to give SDSU the 14-6 lead at the half.

Statistics show that during the Rocky Long era, the Aztecs have not lost a game when leading at the half. This statistic held true as the second half FOOTBALL continued on page 5



Monday October 29, 2012 The Daily Aztec

from SHOJAI page 1

helped him to overcome many obstacles. “Mary gave me a voice,” Crosby said. “I will in (her) name continue to advocate for those with invisible and visible disabilities so they can live an independent life.” Shojai made it her mission to make SDSU accessible to everyone. “There isn’t a building on campus that she doesn’t have her thumbprint on,” Vice President for Student Affairs James Kitchen said. “She broke down architectural barriers and technological barriers.” Many students said if they needed help, they knew they could count on Shojai to find a way to solve their problems. Speakers remembered how Shojai would help out with any kind of situation, including broken elevators, left-handed desks and malfunctioning wheelchairs. Shojai, who announced her retirement shortly before her death, was going to be given an award for her commitment, dedication and support. Two members of the State of

California Department of Rehabilitation presented the award near the end of the ceremony to Shojai’s daughter and son, Mina Moynehan and David Shojai. Moynehan thanked the audience for attending the celebration of her mother’s life and said her mother loved every moment of her work. Moynehan remembered a piece of advice her mother shared when she was young. “If you enjoy your work, you will be at Disneyland every day,” Moynehan said. “Her work here was her play and her joy.” The celebration ended with a slideshow presentation of pictures of Shojai’s life. They included work photos capturing Shojai in silly costumes, pictures of her children’s weddings and her grandson. By the end of the slideshow, the room was filled with the sound of sniffles. Even though Shojai will be missed, her legacy and dedication to SDSU will never be forgotten.

Voters choose panda name

panda watch

Laura Nguyen Staff Writer

The San Diego Zoo’s 12-weekold male giant panda cub needs a name. Chinese tradition is a newborn panda is not named until after it’s at least 100 days old. As the 100th day approaches in mid-November, the zoo has decided to make things interesting. It has enlisted the help of the public, giving it the chance to vote on its favorite name for the cub. The zoo received more than 7,000 name suggestions and has narrowed it down to six choices for the public to vote on through the zoo’s CHINESE NAME website. On the zoo website QI JI there is also an YU DI option to watch the DA HAI baby panda live in XIAO LIWU action through the YONG ER Panda Cam or look


at a panda photo gallery that includes pictures of the cub’s medical exams. Zoo workers reported the cub is growing and healthy. The baby panda wasn’t thrilled with being held and having to stay for all exams. But, on the bright side, he did love to crawl around and play. To get more information and vote online, visit s a n d i e g o z o o . org/pandacam. Polls will close ENGLISH MEANING tomorrow, at 5 p.m. The panda cub will MIRACLE be named during a RAINDROP public ceremony at BIG OCEAN/BIG SEA the San Diego Zoo LITTLE GIFT on Nov. 13.


Costumed bike riders crowd San Diego streets


Christopher B. Keller Contributor

More than 1,000 costumed bicyclists took control of San Diego’s streets last Friday evening. Streaming out of Balboa Park with wheels rolling, bells ringing and lights flashing, this year’s Critical Mass Halloween bike ride rode into session. As participants headed west toward downtown flying through red lights and flowing through gridlocked traffic, downtown partygoers cheered on the swarming spectacle. Many reached out for high fives and yelled out, “What is this?” Even a few passing drivers honked in camaraderie with the riders. Given it’s size, it’s surprising that Critical Mass is not an organization but rather, a bunch of people from all different backgrounds who meet

up on the last Friday of every month to take control of the streets. According to San Francisco’s Critical Mass website, the phenomenon organizes itself. No one in particular is in charge, but whoever shows up to the ride makes spontaneous decisions about the route. “Everyone is invited to Critical Mass and everyone is free to contribute their energy and ideas to the mix,” according to Critical Mass participants act like renegades, as traffic laws are usually ignored. “It’s the one night where bikers take back the streets,” 27-year-old rider Daniel Botticelli said. “It’s not about breaking laws and being rebellious. It’s just about having fun; being a part of a community. I have


friends that I only see at (Critical) Mass.” This massive bike ride originated in San Francisco to increase the visibility of bicyclists and like many U.S. towns, roads were built to only later considering bike safety. Since 1992, Critical Mass has evolved and spread to more than 300 cities around the world. “It not only raises awareness for drivers, but people around your city and it encourages people to ride a bike, that it doesn’t matter how old you are.” Botticelli explains. “Riding a bike is something you can do ‘till you’re 90. This event also brings peEople together who would have never met or even talk to if it want for mass” Critical mass leaves the Balboa Park Fountain at 7 p.m. every last Friday of the month.

The Daily Aztec is an independent, student-run newspaper published regularly Monday through Thursday, when classes are in session, and distributed on the campus of San Diego State.

Antonio Zaragoza......................Editor-in-Chief Email:

Leonardo Castaneda..........Opinion Editor

J. Hutton Marshall..................Managing Editor

Paige Nelson............................ Photo Editor



Tara Millspaugh..............................News Editor

Julie Aeilts .................................. Copy Chief



Kevin Smead......................Entertainment Editor

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Ryan Schuler..................................Sports Editor

christopher b . keller , staff photographer

Cyclists zoom through downtown San Diego. On the last Friday of every month, San Diego bicyclists participate in a massive bike ride called Critical Mass.



Heather Rushall .........................Web Editor Email:

Edward Henderson..................Features Editor

Victor Escoto...........................



Art Director





Monday October 29, 2012 the daily aztec


Love Guru answers relationship conundrums love

& relationships

Dedicated at the Dome: I have a super busy schedule. I work, volunteer, intern and I’m a full-time student. My boyfriend isn’t very busy and he thinks I don’t spend enough time with him. I don’t want to give up everything. I do to be with him, but I also don’t want to lose him. How do I handle this? Love Guru: When it comes to balancing school, a social life and sleep, one of the three always ends up neglected or pushed down the priority list. I call this the triangle of inevitable neglect. Relationships are already difficult, even when you don’t have a million things going on around you. The last thing you want to do is add extra responsibility. At the same time, your boyfriend deserves to have a significant other who makes time for him. I suggest you try explaining the level of stress you’re feeling and that if you had the time, you’d like nothing more than to spend it with him. When you do have the time, make sure to enjoy it with him without thinking of your seemingly endless to-do list. Do something fun and out of the ordinary to relieve your stress and keep the embers burning between the two of you. If a free weekend opens up, take a mini roadtrip together. If that’s not an option, show him he’s on your mind with small, thoughtful gestures. Do your part to try and keep the relationship afloat and the rest will boil down to how understanding he is. Your boyfriend will respect you for balancing schoolwork and other things in your life. If he doesn’t, then continue with what you’re doing, but don’t give up your

can’t hang out with or who I can befriend on Facebook for instance. I really don’t want this to ruin our relationship because I really do love her. What should I do? Love Guru: Getting to a year is a huge accomplishment, but the relationship can

heartbreak and pain again. What can you do? Sit down with her and tell her what is bothering you. If you’re open

Olmeca one-night stand: The past few guys I’ve met have been quick flings with no real promise of anything serious in the future. I’m sick of these though and am ready for a commitment. How do I find a guy who wants to find a relationship without scaring him off first? What could I be doing wrong? Love Guru: Unfortunately for women, good men don’t have large flashing signs above their heads reading, “willing to commit” or “wife me up.” There’s no app for that yet. In the meantime, you don’t need to tap into your inner Nancy Drew and analyze the boyfriend potential of every guy you meet. Here’s what I think:

hard work for someone who doesn’t appreciate your ambition. Clingy in Calpulli: I just got accepted into the study abroad program but


I don’t know if I can be away from my boyfriend for a whole semester. Should I go? Love Guru: Go! Opportunities like this don’t come around everyday. Distance does make it difficult to maintain a relationship, but it is not impossible. I’m sure your boyfriend would not want you to turn down this experience just because of him. Talk to him about it because he most likely wants the best for you. Besides, if he is “the one,” he’ll be waiting for you when you come home. No trust in Tenocha: My girlfriend and I have been together for a year now and she still doesn’t trust me. She is trying to regulate my social life by telling me who I can and

still have complications. A lot of people tend to become insecure with their relationship once it starts getting serious. Some people are scared something will damage the work put into it. The fact that your girlfriend is becoming so strict is a sign she needs you to reassure her you’re in the relationship until the end. She might have been hurt in the past or possibly cheated on and doesn’t want to go through

with her, she will make sure to \open up to you and you’ll be able to get to the bottom of her insecurity. Be patient, but also be firm. You might get into a few fights, but that comes along with change. If it’s meant

Try a coffee shop instead of a bar to find a better catch. You may find a good guy at a place like the Living Room. At bars, most of the men there aren’t looking for a soul mate, and alcohol can impair your judgment. Go to bars for drinks, not to find a boyfriend. Remember, love is patient. Even if you meet a guy who wants a relationship, it doesn’t necessarily indicate a match. Take the time to learn more about the man, beyond his five-year plan. By the time you get a good grasp on who he is, you’ll be far enough along not to scare him off. Welcome the adventure! Don’t spill all the beans. A good way to avoid a fling is to preserve your mystery. He doesn’t need to know everything about you on the first night. Leave something to come back for.


3 to be, your relationship will be stronger and the trust issues will be a thing of the past.

he’s online! Have a question for the Love Guru? Message him on Facebook or email All submission are anonymous.

Follow him on Twitter @SdsuLoveGuru

like him on Facebook (619) 594-3315 |



Monday October 29, 2012 The Daily Aztec

Convention in Tijuana promotes innovation science

& technology

Arturo Garcia Staff Writer

The term “coming of age” refers to a child’s transition into adulthood. Rite of passage rituals are events that present such transitions in the form of a ceremony. For instance, the Mexican quinceañera celebrates a girl’s 15th birthday. The traditional quinceañera was a formal way of presenting one’s daughter to society. In her long white evening dress, the birthday girl danced and mingled at her party with the sole purpose of finding a suitor, someone who would admire her grown-up image for more than just one night. In hopes of presenting Tijuana’s most attractive aspects, Tijuana Innovadora, a 10-day effort to revalidate the city’s people and innovative nature to the rest of the world, helped local companies showcase their attributes and aptitudes to locals and visitors. Bringing in highprofile speakers, such as Apple Co-founder Steve Wozniak and

TOMS Shoes founder Blake Mycoskie, the city received anecdotal lectures and insights about creative, alternative and genuine thinking and the importance of actualization. Tijuana Innovadora presented an often overlooked aspect of Tijuana: the creative side of its people. Event coordinators hoped the estimated 50,000 attendees from outside Mexico would invest in the city and its projects. The event was held in Tijuana’s Centro Cultural, a cluster of adobe-colored buildings of diverse shapes: one sphere, two squares and a tall rectangle. The sphere is an IMAX theater and the squares house numerous history and art museums, as well as a traditional theater. At one building called “El Cubo,” local companies set their individual templates to illustrate the innovative aspects of their businesses. On the last Saturday of Tijuana Innovadora, the green building company SEICA set up large illustrative boards detailing its initiatives in sustainable construction on a large grassy area. SEICA’s Vía Corporativo

is one of Tijuana’s few LEEDcertified buildings. “It is a privilege to be in a place that is extremely clean and that has a culture of cultivating shared space which is in order,” Marketing Manager of SEICA Siham Núñes said. Nuñes says SEICA also carries its ecological incentives to local schools by educating students in elementary schools about basic recycling and college students about sustainable construction. Topics of education and altruistic charitable giving summed up most of Tijuana Innovadora. Attendees were captivated by Wozniak as the revolutionary computer engineer spoke about his history with Apple and coworker Steve Jobs, and lectured on the importance of challenging the status quo about traditional education systems. “I started to be so good at electronics. I became what people call a nerd or a geek,” Wozniak said. “Very often it is that outsider … they make up their own ideas because they don’t go by what other people think.”

arturo garcia , staff writer

TOMS Shoes founder Blake Mycoskie speakes to a packed house at Tijuana Innovadora about his journey toward success.

It is the value given to creative thinking, that allowed both Wozniak and Mycoskie to believe in their respective inventiveness. “You’ve got to believe in your ‘what ifs,’” Mycoskie told

arturo garcia , staff writer

arturo garcia , staff writer

President of Tijuana Innovadora, Jose Galicot (left) acknowledges Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak (center) after his speech to spectators during the last weekend of the convention.

has also managed to convey his philanthropic spirit to others. Former Tijuana resident and Tijuana Innovadora attendee Veronica Hernández is on the verge of starting her very own regional good-deed business.

Attendees explore the innovative ideas from local buisnesses in the lobby of El Cubo, one of the main buildings for the event.

attendees. Dressed in a denim button-down shirt tucked in mint-colored pants and sporting his very own red TOMS which he claims is the only style he wears, the altruistic businessman spoke of conscious capitalism and the joy of giving. “Giving is good for business, resume developing and branding,” Mycoskie said. “There is no need for advertisement because customers tell your story.” Mycoskie began his espadrille empire after a trip he took to Argentina. Seeing poverty reflected in the bare, damaged and infected feet of the area’s less fortunate, he thought a “what if” idea that developed into a company that has given away 1 million pairs of shoes in 25 countries, including the U.S. His manner of business has not only helped those in need, but

Having sold and pushed for the birth of recyclable bags in Tijuana in years past, she returned to her cause by forming a line of uniquely styled eco friendly bags. A percentage of revenue from the bags’ sales, she said, will go to educational purposes in Tijuana about environmentalism. Her company is called Be Love Projects. “You provide much more with education,” Hernández said. “[Mycoskie] is part of that inspiration that tells me ‘you can do it.’” Now that Tijuana has gotten a glimpse of what it takes to be successful in business and innovation, a new vision may have been implanted in the minds of the future leaders of this much maligned city.


Monday Ocobtober 29, 2012 the daily aztec


SDSU is bowl-eligible for third straight season Ryan Schuler Sports Editor

The San Diego State football team defeated the University of Nevada, Las Vegas 24-13 to become bowleligible for the third consecutive season. The Aztecs moved to 6-3 overall and 4-1 in conference play. Turning point With SDSU leading 7-6 early in the second quarter, sophomore quarterback Adam Dingwell led the Aztec offense on a 14-play, 86-yard drive, capped by a oneyard touchdown by senior running back Walter Kazee. To score the touchdown, Kazee did his best LaDainian Tomlinson impression, leaping over the pile of linemen. The score gave the Aztecs an eight-point lead and the momentum to win the game. It was over when… Facing third down and two yards to go on their own 28-yard line, Rebels junior running back Tim Cornett, who finished the game with 127 yards rushing and one touchdown, was stopped for no gain by junior from FOOTBALL page 1

kicked off with some immediate action. Dingwell quickly led the offense down the field again. After dropping the snap, Dingwell calmly picked the ball up and threw a 27-yard touchdown pass to junior wide receiver Colin Lockett to give the Aztecs a 21-6 lead in the third

linebacker Nick Tenhaeff. As a result, UNLV punted and SDSU marched down the field to grab a 2413 lead thanks to a 28-yard field goal by senior kicker Chance Marden. Play of the game In the third quarter, Dingwell fumbled a snap from senior center Alec Johnson, quickly picked up the ball, calmly scanned the field and connected with junior wide receiver Colin Lockett for a 27-yard touchdown. The touchdown was Dingwell’s second of the night and gave the Aztecs a 21-6 lead. Statistic of the game For the first time since Nov. 6, 2010 against Colorado State, the Aztecs won a game in which they had a negative-three turnover margin. Quotebook “Sometimes around here, I don’t know why it is, maybe because this team hasn’t been bowl eligible this fast in a long time. We’ve already won six games. It doesn’t matter how you win, folks. It doesn’t matter how you win. Ask everybody that’s lost today if it matters. All those quarter. But the Rebels had an answer. On the ensuing series, sophomore wide receiver Devante Davis reeled in a 25-yard touchdown reception to make the score 21-13 Aztecs at the end of three quarters of play. With the momentum swinging in the Rebels’ direction, the SDSU defense held strong and stopped UNLV on its final two possessions

people that lost by three. Ask them if it matters. It doesn’t matter how you win. You win. You ought to be happy you won,” SDSU head coach Rocky Long said. “It’s really exciting. When we first came in here, we weren’t an established team yet. But now I feel like we’re an established team; going to three bowl games really proves that,” junior tight end Gavin Escobar said. “I had a little adversity—two fumbles from me. Not too well, but I appreciate my linemen staying calm and working with me. We came out with the win, and that’s what’s important,” sophomore running back Adam Muema said “Yeah, it was a lot of fun. I enjoyed it tremendously, but I think I was more nervous throughout the week just getting prepared. It’s still football. It’s still the game I played my whole life. Once you get out there, in between the lines, you just got to go out there and execute,” sophomore quarterback Adam Dingwell said

paige nelson . photo editor

Senior running back Walter Kazee protects the ball as he runs through the UNLV defense. Kazee finished the game with 105 yards and one touchdown on 21 carries.

Notebook • SDSU received the ball first in all nine games this season.

• Sophomore linebacker Andrew Feaster blocked a punt, SDSU’s first since junior defensive back Eric Pinkins blocked one against UNLV on Nov. 26, 2011. • The Aztecs were 2-for-2 on fourth down conversions against the Rebels, making them 9-for-14 (64.3 percent) on the season. Last year, SDSU was 9-for-23 (39.1 percent) on the season. • SDSU finished with multiple 100-

yard rushers for the second time this season and 16th time in school history. Muema finished with 143 yards, while Kazee rushed for 105 yards. • Dingwell earned his first career start at quarterback. He finished 13-for-26 with 231 yards, two touchdowns and one interception. • The Aztecs earned their sixth victory of the season, the earliest date for a sixth victory since 1993.

of the game. Muema sealed the deal with a 48-yard run, capped off by a 28-yard field goal by senior Chance Marden to make it 24-13. “We had a pretty good offensive night and then the turnovers killed us every time,” Dingwell said. “We just shot ourselves in the foot tonight. Give credit to the defense. They played a heck of a game and they kept us in this one.”

With the victory, SDSU is now bowl-eligible for the third consecutive season. Dingwell, in his first career start, finished the game throwing 13-for-26 for 231 yards, two touchdowns and one interception. Muema (143) and Kazee (105) each finished with more than 100 yards rushing, the second time this season SDSU has had multiple 100-yard rushers in the

same game, while Escobar hauled in four catches for 108 yards and a touchdown. “Being eligible to go to the third bowl in a row is a record,” Long said. “I guess it’s never happened at San Diego State. So that’s exciting. To be honest with you, we still got three games to play. So we’re going to enjoy this win and worry about whoever we play next tomorrow.”



Monday October 29, 2012 The Daily Aztec

Prop. 38: Tax pain without educational gains



roposition 38 is one of two initiatives that would raise taxes in order to increase revenue for public education. Only one can be enacted. In order to pass, Proposition 38 will need to win at least 50 percent of the vote and get more yes votes to defeat its rival initiative, Proposition 30. If passed, Proposition 38 is expected to generate $10 billion in revenue for the 2013-14 school year and about half as much for the remainder of 2012-13. Of the total, $6 billion would be earmarked

for schools, $1 billion for preschool and child care and $3 billion to state bond debt payments. One of the main differences between the two pro-education propositions is the tax structure. Unlike Proposition 30, which raises the sales tax slightly and increases the income tax on top earners, Proposition 38 raises the income tax on virtually all earners who make more than $7,300 per year. Proposition 38 sets the lowest tax increase at 0.4 percent for single filers making between $7, 316 and $17,346 per year and joint filers making between $14,632 and $34,692. The highest tax increase is 2.2 percent on single filers making

Matthew Smith Staff Columnist

more than $250,000 per year and on joint filers making $500,000 per year. The tax hikes for Proposition 38 are temporary and would expire in 2024. Another major difference between the two propositions is which schools receive funding. If Proposition 30 wins, it would provide revenue to K-12 schools and

community colleges, as well as the California State University and University of California systems. If Proposition 38 passes, it will provide funding to preschools and early childcare, which Proposition 30 doesn’t fund. Proposition 38 would also provide roughly $1.2 billion more for K12 schools than Proposition 30. Unlike Proposition 30, however, Proposition 38 will not provide funding for either community colleges or the UC and CSU systems. Without the funding, higher education would face automatic spending cuts estimated at $250 million each for the UC and CSU systems. Proposition 38’s main supporter is wealthy civil rights lawyer

Molly Munger, who made an expensive campaign to get enough signatures to put the initiative on the ballot. Munger has in turn donated $44.1 million to Proposition 38’s campaign and has run attack ads against Proposition 30. The California Parent Teacher Association is also a major supporter of Proposition 38. Only two major newspapers endorse Proposition 38; the San Francisco Bay Guardian and The Bakersfield Californian. Proposition 38’s harshest critic has been Gov. Jerry Brown, who sees Proposition 38 as a threat to the passage of Proposition 30. Both the California Democratic Party and the California Republican Party oppose Proposition 38. Virtually every major California newspaper opposes Proposition 38, including the Los Angeles Times, the San Francisco Chronicle, The Sacramento Bee, U-T San Diego and The Fresno Bee. Proponents of Proposition 38 raised roughly $47.75 million, 92 percent of which is provided by Munger. The next largest donors are Munger’s husband, Steve English, who contributed $3.25 million, and George Joseph, who contributed $195,000. Opponents, on the other hand, report a lowly $42,300 in campaign contributions. The California Faculty Association donated $1,500, the California Medical Association donated $11,000 and the California Chamber of Commerce donated $23,500 to “No on 38.”

Molly Munger donated $44.1 million to Proposition 38’s campaign, amounting to 92 percent of its funding.

Opinion Proposition 38 is currently trailing in polls. According to a recent poll by the Public Policy Institute of California, 39 percent of likely voters support Proposition 38 and 53 percent oppose it. Other polls such as a September Field Poll show Proposition 38

advancementprojectca . org

losing 44 percent to 41 percent. Considering the bad poll numbers, poor reception from most major newspapers and a more favorable view of Proposition 30 among voters, it’s unlikely Proposition 38 will pass. PROP 38 continued on page 7

Prop 35: Sex traffic law vaguely expands police power election


roposition 35, if passed, will create harsher punishments for those who participate in the sex trafficking industry. These punishments include prison sentences up to 15-years-to-life and fines up to $1.5 million. Those who are convicted would also be required to register as sex offenders, receive limitations to Internet access and would be supervised by law enforcement. The new legislation would also require special training for police officers to assist in cracking down on prostitutes, pimps

and other sex trafficking participants. Completion of the training would be required of all state and local peace officers no later than July 1, 2014, or within six months of being assigned to the field, and would be at least two hours long. Currently the crackdown

Heather Rushall Senior Staff Columnist

on sex trafficking is mainly overseen by the federal government, not by the state. The numbers are not clear, but anticipated costs to state and local governments are, “not likely to exceed a few million dollars annually,” according to the official Voter Information Guide. That said,

anticipated revenues from the new criminal fines would likely generate a “few million dollars annually.” Currently, federal law defines sex trafficking as an act, “in which persons are recruited, transported or obtained for a commercial sex act that is induced by force or fraud or in which the victim performing the act is under age 18. An example of sex trafficking is forcing a


person into prostitution.” Similarly, labor trafficking is all of the above, except no sex is involved. The example given is, “forcing a foreign national to work for free by threatening deportation.” State law, however, defines sex trafficking as “violating

the liberty of a person with the intent to either (1) commit certain felony crimes (such as prostitution) or (2) obtain forced labor or services.” Proposition 35 expands these definitions on a state level to include the “distribution of obscene materials depicting

minors as a form of human trafficking.” In this case, duplicating or selling materials depicting a minor is considered sex trafficking, even if the merchant had no contact with the minor. Furthermore, PROP 35 continued on page 7


Monday October 29, 2012 the daily aztec

from PROP 38 page 6

Proposition 38 has good intentions to improve our school and Munger’s advocacy for higher education funding is admirable. However, it is the wrong approach for both public education and California citizens. As much as the proposition can do for K-12 schools, the tax burden is too heavy. Individuals making as little as $7,316 will face tax increases, which will hurt lower and middle income households, including college students, not to mention being scheduled to last for an agonizing 12 years. An estimated 60 percent

Proposition 38 strangles college students as well as lower and middle income families ... of the state’s population would face tax increases if Proposition 38 passes. Raising taxes on such a large chunk of the population in the middle of a slow economic recovery and skyrocketing tuition would be economic suicide. Even worse for college students, Proposition 38 provides no funding to higher education. It will do nothing to stop the automatic budget cuts set to take place if Proposition 30 doesn’t pass, or if

from PROP 35 page 6

they both pass but Proposition 38 has more votes. If these budget cuts take effect, tuition for San Diego State students will increase by at least five percent next semester—and that is just the tip of the iceberg. CSU administration is considering additional tuition increases such as a $372 per unit fee for undergraduates who have taken more than 150 semester units, a $100 per unit fee for students who repeat a class and a $200 per unit fee for students taking 17 or more units per semester. These are tuition increases college students cannot afford. Tuition has nearly doubled in the last four years already. Tuition and fees at SDSU for the Fall 2008 semester added up to $1,877 for undergraduates. Today, it’s $3,538. These tuition increases place a far greater financial burden on students than any California taxpayer has had to pay during the same time period. Proposition 38 strangles college students as well as lower and middle income families in order to marginally improve lower-level schools. The state needs more funding for public education at a time when it has been decimated, but we need a solution that provides funding for higher education and doesn’t slap taxes on the poor. Proposition 30 is a more feasible alternative to Proposition 38 and will help all levels of education without placing the tax burden on the poor.

prosecutors are not required to prove force or coercion. Other changes in Proposition 35 would include special programs for trafficking victims, changes in court proceedings and expanded registration for sex offenders.

California is going broke and taking on a costly new jurisdiction previously enforced by the federal government Opinion: Proposition 35 initially seems like cut-and-dry legislation, but the potential harm to innocent sex workers and the fiscal impact could make this proposition a total failure. Because the expanded definition of trafficking includes creation and distribution, the owners of sex shops could now be targeted. Campaigns against Proposition 35 also argue most sexual workers are doing their jobs consensually. Because the law doesn’t require prosecutors to prove the use of force or coercion, virtually anyone can be prosecuted. “This short-sighted ballot measure relies on a broad

definition of pimping. This includes: parents, children, roommates, domestic partners and landlords of prostitutes to be labeled as sex offenders,” Maxine Doogan and Manual Jimenez, President and chief financial officers of Erotic Service Providers Legal, respectively, said in the argument against Proposition 35. Aside from loosely written definitions of who may be considered a sex offender and the new requirements for all of them to register as such, the fiscal impact of Proposition 35 is severely neglected in its official title and summary in the official Voter Information Guide. Presenting a new state cost as “not likely to exceed a few million dollars annually” and not giving any idea where the money would come from, how it would be spent and whether or not there would be a cost cap if the proposition passes leaves a lot of questions unanswered. California is going broke and taking on a costly new jurisdiction previously enforced by the federal government is asking a lot from state taxpayers. There is no mention of block grants from the federal government or other funds set aside to cover the costs of enforcing this brand new set of laws. There are very few heartless souls who are pro-sex trafficking


and trust me, I am not one of them, but this proposition is poorly written and far too vague in its intentions. California voters are having their heartstrings fondled by the government and this proposition has the potential to wrongfully jail thousands of consensual sex workers, escorts, exotic dancers, pornography industry workers and sex shop owners. Vote no on Proposition 35 and demand it be rewritten to truly protect the sex trafficking victims who need it.

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Commuting is the economical move

letter to




he college experience is about trying new things and transitioning into adulthood. Students who choose to live away from home face many new and exciting experiences. However, the cost of moving away as well as tuition quickly adds up. The economical alternative is living at home. Students who chose not to move out save money by reducing the cost of living. The San Diego State Office of Financial Aid and Scholarship estimates the total cost of attending is about $7,000 for students living at home. This includes tuition, books, transportation and personal needs. In contrast, a student living away from home is estimated to pay more than $24,000. If a student completes his or her degree in four years, the amount of money saved by living at home could be more than $28,000. This raises the question as to whether independence while earning a bachelor’s degree is worth the extra cost. After students complete their degrees, many often move back home because of mounting debt and limited career opportunities. CNNMoney reports the average student loan debt is nearly $27,000, a spectacular increase from 2010. This is worsened by the fact that the recent college graduate unemployment rate is at 9 percent. Last year, Huffington Post reported as many as 50 percent of college graduates don’t have degree-equivalent careers defined as “either working no job at all, working a part-time job or working a job outside of the college labor market.” Still, the few students who did land quality jobs last year can start paying off debt and potentially move out or avoid returning home. However, the unemployment rate

file photo

Tomas Nieto Contributor

for recent college graduates is still high and financially stable careers are rare, meaning the taste of freedom is often short-lived for many students. Many students resent not being independent during college. However, returning home after graduation can be much worse. This college generation is often referred to as the “boomerang generation” because graduates often move back in with their parents. According to a study from Ohio State University one-third of 25-to34-year-olds live with their parents because of financial strains. Last year, Huffington Post also reported “one-in-10 college educated adults between the ages of 30-34 are living at home.” College is about broadening experiences, but it is

important for students to realize the amount of debt they take on could be substantially reduced by commuting from home. Few job opportunities after graduation offer students limited means of paying back loans. This causes students to risk ruining their credit scores because they don’t have a suitable income. Staying at home does have obvious downfalls such as chores, rules and potentially overbearing parents. However, benefits such as saving money on food, seeing family and living in relatively more space than a residence hall or a small apartment. The difference between the two is experiencing independence versus comfort and familiarity. The college experience is not limited to moving out, it’s about trying new things and learning about oneself. Students living at

home can still meet new people in their classes, join clubs or become part of Greek life. Students who commute just don’t have the automatic social experience the residence hall life entails. Other than living away from home, commuting students have more or less the same social and academic opportunities college offer. Students should save money while they can because of the amount of debt accumulated during the course of a student’s undergraduate studies and the sobering unemployment statistics for recent college graduates. College is a transitional period between the teen years and adulthood, emphasizing selfdiscovery. Students should keep in mind college is only a small portion of life. They should feel unburdened by student loans while they explore the world during the years after graduation.

the editor e disagree with Matthew Smith’s opinion that San Diego should remove red-light cameras from its intersections (“Red light cameras lead to accidents and profits,” 10/24). We recently commemorated the 10th anniversary of the death of our daughter, Sarah. She was killed by a red-light runner when she was only 31 years old. Since then, it has become our mission to advocate for safety initiatives that reduce crashes and prevent needless deaths. San Diego and other communities across California are using red-light cameras to change driver behavior and reduce fatalities. Statistics from these communities show safety cameras are making California streets safer. For instance, after installing cameras in Sacramento and San Diego, fatal red light running crashes were reduced by more than 50 percent. Safety cameras provide efficient and effective enforcement of our most basic traffic safety law – stop on red.  Take a look at the numbers. These cameras work and they should be supported. Paul and Sue Oberhauser National Co-Chairs, Traffic Safety Coalition



Monday October 29, 2012 The Daily Aztec

Trick or treaters beware



Mason Schoen

rick-or-treating stopped once junior high began. My sister and I got wise to our father’s

Staff Writer

game. “You know, Halloween is a dangerous time,” he said after dinner while zipping up his jacket and putting on his shoes. My sister and I looked at each other in our ridiculous costumes, pillowcases in hand. “A few years back, a couple kids ate some razor blades hidden in some candy.” He opened the door for us. “They died painful, screaming deaths. So before we let you kids enjoy your candy, I’m going to have to check to make sure everything’s safe.” “How great is Dad? So thoughtful, so caring,” I thought to myself. We walked around the neighborhood, avoiding houses without any lights on. When people answered their doors, they complimented our costumes and told my father how well behaved we were. “Who were these monsters?” I asked myself. Sure, the Smiths and Greens seemed nice enough every other day of the year, but maybe it was all just a clever ruse, a means to secure our trust. Then, after I swallowed all those sharp objects, slowly dying in the hospital, they could mercilessly watch and laugh at my pain. “Remember when you dented my car with your baseball? This is payback, kid!” They’d give each other high-fives, the only way to celebrate children’s pain in the ‘90s. When we got home, I locked the door behind us, dumped the candy out on the floor and paced around the living room while my parents “checked for poison.” Of course, all

meme monday O _

they actually did was choose their favorite candies and pocket them. “Yup, these M&M’s look suspicious. And someone’s definitely tampered with this Snickers bar. Anyway kids, enjoy your pennies and pretzel sticks. I know the cat likes those lime suckers they give at the doctor’s office, if you’re not interested in them.” At the age of 10, I was more than ready to quit the trick-or-treat game for good. Eventually, a young man finds the whole, ‘everyone give me attention for no good reason’ thing tiring. I’ve found that girls don’t have this gene. They still dress up for Halloween (no complaints) and give everyone they know real-time updates on the status of their upcoming birthdays. I’ve never once heard a man say, “Just 12 more days until my birthday!” He’d get jumped by his friends and then thank them for it. There’s nothing special about your birthday. Every single person ever also has a birthday. It’s literally the most common aspect of living beings on this planet and therefore nothing worth celebrating. Halloween’s the worst because it’s like celebrating a bunch of birthdays on the same night. I’m expected to give everyone’s kid a gift because they walked to my door in an unusual outfit. Any other day of the year and I’d be arrested for doing so. Nowadays, I live in a neighborhood with a decent trick-or-treater population. But as a single guy with little income, I think I should be allowed to opt out. I really don’t care what your adorable child decided to dress as or

their looks of disappointment when I give them a single Jolly Rancher. It’s not my job to disappoint your children. That’s your job, and you’ll do it well when they become teenagers. So what do I do to avoid the crippling shame brought about by our interaction? Put out an empty bowl on the porch with a sign that reads, “Please take ONE” in large, black print to indicate how serious I am about the policy. Of course, the bowl starts out empty from the very beginning because I never fill it. What’s the use? Some kid will end up taking all of it. Why not disappoint that kid as well? Occasionally I get the brave toddler who rings the bell, either ignorant to the bowl’s intended message or terrifyingly aware and suspicious of my inability to fulfill my side of our society’s agreed-upon bargain. I do what any self-respecting, midtwenties bachelor does: skillfully duck behind the couch after muting the television. Eventually, the kid leaves and I go back to my solitude, waiting for my microwave TV dinner to cool down while congratulating myself for duping a 3-year-old out of a piece of candy. Don’t worry, I’m fully aware of karma. That’s why—before eating the brownie tucked-into the black plastic tray, I check for blades or fingers. You never know what kind of cynical weirdos are out there. It’s scary to think about who that person is. Probably someone who justifies his misinterpretations of the world to an audience forced to read his opinion in a public forum, say in a column on the back of some newspaper. Poor guy. Whatever you do, don’t knock on his door. He won’t answer.


by Nancy Black, Tribune Media Services

Today’s Birthday (10/29/12) - You’re in the money this year, so stash some and budget for the future. Volatility at work reveals opportunities. Consider your core values, dreams and passions. Stay flexible about what the big picture looks like. Take leadership. To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Aries (March 21 - April 19) - Today is a 6 For the next few days, work out the financial details and figure out ways to improve the bottom line. Get the word out. Friends give you a boost. Taurus (April 20 - May 20) - Today is an 8 - Consider all possibilities. Now you’re a genius at everything that you commit yourself to. And for about nine weeks, you’re even good at financial planning. Repeat what you think you heard. Gemini (May 21 - June 21) - Today is a 5 - Communication with your partner is more direct and helpful. Start by cleaning up old messes. An older person meets you halfway. Cancer (June 22 - July 22) - Today is a 7 - It’ll be easier to figure out the job, now and for the next few weeks. Your priorities evolve or drastically change. Keep everyone on the right track. Stash away the surplus. Leo (July 23 - Aug. 22) - Today is a 7 - It’s easier to make decisions now and to express your love. Don’t be afraid to ask for help, regardless. There’s a turning point regarding a boss or employee. Virgo (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22) - Today is a 7 - Concentrate on your studies. It’s time fix up

your place and take it to the next level. No more procrastinating! Others look to you for practical advice. Libra (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22) - Today is a 5 - Deal with financial obligations now, and consider higher values. Identify the potential for opportunity, and take action for success. The resources are available. Scorpio (Oct. 23 - Nov. 21) - Today is a 7 - Your mind is less into work and more into enlightenment now. For three weeks, confident productivity leaves time for introspection. Keep your dollars, and study authors who inspire. Sagittarius (Nov. 22 - Dec. 21) - Today is a 6 - You’re out in public and open for love. Provide for others. Treat them as you’d like to be treated. Go ahead and try a new exotic dish. Learn something new. Capricorn (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19) - Today is an 8 - Find balance between sensitivity and reason, without one overpowering the other. Enjoy romantic moments through most of tomorrow. The truth gets revealed. Aquarius (Jan. 20 - Feb. 18) - Today is an 8 - You’re entering a three-week social phase. Use your imagination and connections for positive change. Communications could falter. Notice the bottleneck before you get stuck in it. Pisces (Feb. 19 - March 20) - Today is a 7 You’ll finally figure it out, and it will be easier to advance than you imagine. Work with others to avoid conflicts later. New evidence threatens complacency. ©2012, TRIBUNE MEDIA SERVICES INC.


by The Mepham Group, Tribune Media Services

Difficulty Level: 1 out of 4 Instructions: Complete the grid so each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9.


Solutions available online at ©2012, TRIBUNE MEDIA SERVICES INC.

Apply to be a writer for The Daily Aztec!








The views expressed in the written works of this issue do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Daily Aztec. Letters to the editor can be sent to

Across 1 Golf pros regularly break it 4 Gemologist’s weight 9 Force back 14 “__ had it up to here!” 15 Single-celled critter 16 Bo’s’n’s “Hold it!” 17 Blink of an eye 18 Rocky, for one 19 Midterms and finals 20 Do-or-die moment 23 “Para __, oprima numero dos”: customer service option 24 Woos 27 Crystal ball consulter 28 Bringing up the rear 31 Cut back 32 Offbeat 35 Cowboy’s footwear 37 Pieces on a board 38 When the Brontës wrote 43 Cannes crony 44 Arrow-shooting god 45 Prez before Jack 46 Prefix with second 48 Computer operator 50 Bottom-line concern 54 Hole for a shoelace 56 Heart, soul, or heart and soul 59 Precisely 62 Cheer for a diva 64 Fragrant compound 65 Game based on crazy eights 66 Seethed 67 Underground Railroad traveler 68 Fort Worth sch. 69 Stockpile 70 Repaired, as a shoe 71 “But then again ...” Down 1 The Fishes of the zodiac 2 Opposed (to) 3 Bon Appétit offering 4 Mountain retreat 5 BP merger partner 6 Drugstore name derived

by Rich Norris & Joyce Lewis, Tribune Media Services

Solutions available online at from the prescription symbol 7 Genesis sibling 8 Infield protection 9 Betting odds, e.g. 10 Bring into balance 11 Deli meat 12 Body shop quote: Abbr. 13 Many USMA grads 21 Card worth a fortune? 22 Squid relatives 25 Palm smartphone 26 Mail out 29 Belittle 30 Trinity member 33 Deer mom 34 “Sex for Dummies” author, familiarly 36 “__War”: Shatner novel 38 Rooftop rotator 39 Uncertain response

40 Wide-screen technique introduced in the ‘50s 41 Island in the Aegean 42 CSA general 47 Antipasto tidbits 49 Beach house, maybe 51 At one’s post 52 Wall-mounted candleholder 53 Embark 55 “Holy moly!” 57 “Date Night” actor Carell 58 Destroy, as documents 60 Miss Trueheart of “Dick Tracy” 61 Nobel Peace Prize city 62 Painter’s deg. 63 Caribbean liquor


Volume 99, Issue 36

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