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COMIC-CON STRIKES BACK Comic-Con hits San Diego, bringing nerds from all around the country to the popular pg. 4 comic book convention.

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Monday, July 25, 2011

Vol. 96, Issue 122

San Diego State University’s Independent Student Newspaper since 1913


sports ... 3

entertainment ... 4

This week @ STATE Freshmen orientation 8 a.m. Welcome to campus, freshmen!

Twitter: TheDailyAztec

opinion ... 8

features ... 10

backpage ... 12

Lawmakers rage against CSU votes “You, your Chancellor, and your administrators will no longer be able (to), with a straight face, talk to the Legislature about CSU budget cuts when you just gave a massive raise for one of your administrative positions,” he wrote. “The students, faculty and people of California deserve better.” Lieu said he has not received a response from Carter but he hopes to. “It’s a matter of priority,” Lieu said. “Increasing the salary of an administrator should be one of lowest priorities with the state of our current budget cuts. Actually it shouldn’t be a priority at all, especially while increasing tuition.”

Working for legislative change

Antonio Zaragoza / Photo Editor


San Diego State’s new president Elliot Hirshman has had a whirlwind first three weeks in office largely because of a controversy surrounding what some consider his unnecessarily high annual salary compensation at a time of ever-increasing state budget cuts to higher education. Two weeks ago, the California State University Board of Trustees voted to increase tuition by 12 percent and moments later approved Hirshman’s $400,000 starting salary, making him the highest paid president in the CSU system. The amount is $100,000 more than that of his predecessor Stephen L. Weber at the end of his 15 years at SDSU. It also includes $50,000 in funds from The Campanile Foundation, an auxiliary of the university that collects philanthropic contributions from donors to support “the brightest young minds in the pursuit of higher education.” One of The Campanile Foundation’s main duties is to help fund student scholarship programs.

Pointing Fingers Almost immediately after the July 12 CSU Board votes, criticisms about the decisions began to fly on Twitter and other social media networks. It was announced at the board meeting held at Long Beach headquarters that Gov. Jerry Brown had sent a letter to CSU Chairman Herbert Carter. “At a time when the state is closing its courts, laying off public school teachers and shutting senior centers, it is not right to be raising the salaries

of leaders who — of necessity — must demand sacrifice of everyone else,” Brown wrote. As a result of the governor’s letter, the board decided to establish a subcommittee to look into how administrators’ salaries are set. But the letter didn’t deter them from approving Hirshman’s salary. That day, Sen. Ted Lieu (DTorrance) tweeted, “The CSU Trustees who voted for $400k SDSU Prez salary should resign now. Gov Brown can then appoint trustees not out of touch with reality.” Hirshman responded to The Daily Aztec’s written questions by highlighting what he considers to be a critical issue with California’s legislature. “If one looks at the history especially the recent history, of large tuition increases in the CSU, there is a clear relationship between reductions in the state appropriation (e.g., this year’s $650 million reduction in state appropriation) and the large percentage increases in tuition,” he wrote. “Moving forward, we must work with all parties in California to ensure there are not substantial reductions in the state appropriation. This is absolutely critical to limiting tuition increases.” A.S. Vice President of External Affairs Krista Parker echoes Hirshman’s comment. “You need to understand that the legislators gave us this budget,” she said. “I don’t ever support raising tuition but the alternatives we were left with were worse. There could have been possible layoffs or limiting access to CSU schools.” Lieu submitted a letter on July 13 to Chairman Carter in which he called on the CSU to reverse its decision.

In the days following the CSU’s salary decision, Lieu and other state senators have come forward to propose new legislation and highlight current bills. When the new legislative session meets on Aug. 15, Lieu plans to introduce a bill that will cap public university administrators’ salaries. “There are two points,” he said. “First, you cannot increase salaries in the same year or two years after there are state budget cuts to the UC/CSU system. Second, regardless of the situation, we’re going to place a cap on salaries so that they’re no more than 150 percent that of the salary of the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.” Lieu said he’s not yet wedded to the salary of the chief justice. “It could easily be that of the California governor,” whom he mentioned makes less than Hirshman. Sen. Elaine Alquist also expressed discontent with the recent board decisions. “Top-level CSU employees ought not to be given raises on the backs of higher tuition,” she said. “Giving out egregious salary increases on the same day as increasing student tuition sends the wrong message to the future leaders of the state, such as those attending San Diego State.” She is working with Sen. Alan Lowenthal on SBX1-25 which would prohibit the CSU from providing administrator compensation increases of more than 10 percent using money from the general fund if in the same year there has been a tuition or fee increase. Sen. Leland Yee, also running for mayor of San Francisco, plans to reintroduce a bill that previously passed the legislature in 2009 but was vetoed by former Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger. Lieu said the senators may coordinate to make sure their individual pieces of legislation don’t conflict. On the home front, Parker said she plans to work with SDSU’s Lobby Corps to create legislation that would bring more funding to the CSU. She said it’s still in the preliminary stage but the idea is to add a box on state tax forms where taxpayers can opt to have a portion of their returns go directly to the CSU or they can make a donation.

Speaking of donations Last month, The Campanile Foundation’s Board of Directors unanimously voted to supplement Hirshman’s salary in the amount of $50,000 annually using unrestricted donations. The minutes for the meeting conducted in June have not been finalized according to SDSU’s Vice President of Marketing and Communication Jack Beresford, however, he said 19 of the 36 members of the board were present at the time of the vote. “The board took this action because they believe it’s an investment in a dynamic new president who can take the university to the next level of success,” Beresford wrote. “He will also lead the final phase of SDSU’s comprehensive fundraising campaign which aims to raise $500 million before its completion.” Hirshman wrote that he plans to prove the salary decision was in the benefit of students in one way in particular. “I will be working with colleagues throughout the university to aggressively pursue private funds to support scholarships and student success initiatives,” he wrote. “We have had great success in these critical areas and my intent is to build on, and advance, our current initiatives.” SDSU professor of chemistry and biochemistry William Tong sits on the foundation’s board of directors and voted in favor of supplementing Hirshman’s salary. “The Campanile Foundation board members are some of the major donors of the university and they enthusiastically support this

salary supplement,” he wrote in an email. As the sole faculty representative on the board, Tong said he has not heard negative comments from his colleagues about Hirshman’s salary approval. He believes this is because it’s still much lower than that of his peers. “San Diego State is a major research university with a national reputation and we deserve a president who can lead us to the next level of success,” he wrote. “(We’re) the flagship campus in the CSU system and our president deserves a salary equal to or better than those of other CSU campuses.” In addition, Lieu suggested that the foundation may want to cover $100,000 annually instead of $50,000. “It’s not preferable but it’s better than the taxpayer or student paying for it,” he said. “I still don’t think donors would like their money going to (Hirshman). I would think they want it to go to students, not executive salaries.” The president’s office declined to comment on the senator’s suggestion but Parker dismissed it as a bad one.

Next steps Lieu added that students may want to visit the governor’s local office to express their outrage about the tuition increases and to ask the CSU board to rescind their action on Hirshman’s salary. Parker said the A.S. has no plans to visit the governor’s office or to ask the board to rescind their decision. “Student input has not been as high as normal but I encourage them to bring their concerns to me,” she said.

HIRSHMAN REACTS Hirshman’s salary was not something negotiated by the president himself. According to Hirshman, executive recruiters provided general information about salary and other factors when contacting potential candidates. He also said candidates gain a general understanding of compensation based on the publicly available salaries of presidents at peer institutions, or others in the same system such as those at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo. “I can say with certainty that I am humbled and honored to have been selected as the president of SDSU,” Hirshman said. “The (CSU) chancellor and trustees conducted salary surveys and set the potential compensation for the next president based on SDSU’s position as a national research university.” An incentive-based compensation where his salary would increase based on performance is an idea the CSU board may

have considered, but Hirshman said he would not take any action that may undermine the trustees’ decision. Promising a lower salary himself could do just that. He agreed that the timing of the CSU board’s decision is problematic, but in an effort to move forward and show students how he would prove the board’s decision an appropriate one, Hirshman said he would focus on what is being asked for: additional funding. “I will do everything I possibly can to support students, faculty, staff, alumni and community partners of SDSU,” Hirshman said. “To speak specifically about one priority initiative that will impact students, I will be working with colleagues throughout the university to aggressively pursue private funds to support scholarships and student success with initiatives.” - Written by Bill Crotty, News Editor


Monday, July 25, 2011


The Daily Aztec


Aztecs beginning to feel watch list love Many SDSU football players are receiving watch list attention ANTONIO MORALES SPORTS EDITOR

The first bowl victory since 1969 and first winning season since 1998 are still paying dividends for the San Diego State football team. The success enjoyed by the Aztecs last season put the country on notice and respect has been shown to the team this offseason. Sophomore running back Ronnie Hillman, senior quarterback Ryan Lindley, senior linebacker Miles Burris and senior kicker Abelado Perez have all received attention from many award watch lists. Hillman, who was a freshman All-American and ran for 1,532 yards to go along with 17 touchdowns, was named to the Doak Walker, Walter Camp and Maxwell Award Watch Lists. Lindley is a candidate for the Maxwell Award and Davey O’Brien Award. The four-year starter also received high praise from NFL Draft expert Mel Kiper Jr. this offseason. Kiper listed him as the top senior quarterback in the nation. Lindley knows even though he

is in the running for individual awards, he wouldn’t be in this position without the help of his teammates. “I look at it as more of a team thing, not an individual level,” Lindley said. “I’m confident in my skills but I know we wouldn’t get the same recognition if we were losing.” Perez represents the special teams portion of the team that was named to a watch list, as he is in the running for the Lou Groza Award after he cashed in on 17 of his 22 field goal attempts a year ago. Burris is the only defensive player on the team who received award consideration. The linebacker received attention from the Bronko Nagurski, Rotary Lombardi and Butkus Award Watch Lists. Burris led the team in tackles (80), tackles for loss (20) and sacks (9.5) last year. He is the first Aztec to be named to all three lists since former SDSU line— Miles Burris, backer and senior linebacker c u r r e n t Jack sonville Jaguar Kirk Morrison. Like Lindley, Burris gives credit to his teammates for his success. “It feels great, it’s definitely a big honor,” Burris said. “But the majority of it deals with the people around me. I’m fortunate enough to play in a great scheme that allows me to make plays. I couldn’t do it without my teammates.”

“It feels great, it’s definitely a big honor. But the majority of it deals with the people around me. I’m fortunate enough to play in a great scheme...”

File Photo

Miles Burris, who led SDSU in tackles, tackles for loss and sacks a year ago, has been put on three watch lists this offseason.

BEATBOX Football changes 2012 season-opener The San Diego State football team will get another shot to prove itself against a Bowl Championship Series opponent next season. SDSU will take on the University of Washington on Sept. 1 next year, making it the second straight year Aztecs will play against a PAC-12 team. The game will take place at CenturyLink Field in Seattle. Athletic director Jim Sterk wanted to schedule a game that would show off SDSU to a national audience. “We reached out to ESPN a

few months ago about trying to schedule a national-caliber game that would likely be on national television and we were able to accomplish that with this game.”

Lady Aztecs land stellar recruiting class After tumbling through a disappointing season, the SDSU women’s basketball team will receive some help this winter thanks to the arrival of a nationally ranked recruiting class. The recruiting class is ranked as the best in the Mountain West Conference and is ranked 18th in the country by’s HoopGurlz.

This is the second straight Aztec class to be named best in the MWC. One of the standout freshmen will be Chairese Culberson, from Oakland. Culberson is rated as the 46th best player overall by HoopGurlz. The recruiting haul is made of five freshmen and one junior.

Water polo All-Americans Four SDSU water polo players were named to the Association of Collegiate Water Polo Coaches All-American team. The list of Aztec honorees

includes goalkeeper Kelly Campoli, utility Amber Pezzolla, 2MD Leanne Ford and utility Meaghan Poland. For Ford and Poland, it is the first time either has been named to the All-American team. Campoli has now earned honorable mention honors for three straight years. Pezzolla was named to the team for the second consecutive season.

Aztec Athletics Hall of Fame There will be four new inductees to the Aztec Hall of

Fame, presented by the Wise Foundation. The inductions will take place during Hall of Fame weekend, which is scheduled for Dec. 2-3. The latest class of Hall of Famers will include former men’s basketball player Dick Barnes (1946-50), football offensive linemen Kyle Turley (199497), Olympic Hurdler Quentin Wheeler (1975-76) and softball pitcher Sandra Durazo (199801). The 1958 SDSU baseball team that claimed the NAIA national title will also be inducted into the Hall of Fame.

FOOTBALL 2011 Football Promotional Schedule Sept. 3 - Cal Poly San Luis Obispo (7 p.m.): Welcome Week Student Tailgate Sept. 17 - Washington St ate (3:30 p.m.): KGB SkyShow Oct. 8 - TCU (7:30 p.m.): Marshall Faulk hat giveaway to the first 28,000 fans

Oct. 29 - Wyoming (7 p.m.): GEICO Fleet Week Classic and SDSU Family Weekend

Nov. 19 - Boise St ate (5 p.m.): Rally towels to the first 20,000 students, presented by Associated Students

Nov. 5 - New Mexico (5 p.m.): Youth Football / Pop Warner Night

Dec. 3 - Fresno St ate (5 p.m.): Pom-poms presented to the first 10,000 fans, presented by Associated Students


The Daily Aztec


Monday, July 25, 2011

Courtesy of Joe Young / Web Editor


I am leaving the convention now. I had a wonderful time all 5 days. #sdcc SUNDAY

Cast of "Its Always Sunny in Philadelphia" came to panel dressed up in costume including Charlie Day and Denny DeVito. #sdcc SATURDAY

Kevin Smith thinks Comic-Con is his favorite part of the year. He calls it a place where he gets to "f---ing regenerate." #sdcc SATURDAY

This is Patrick Stewart's first official Comic-Con appearance. #sdcc Courtesy of David Dixon


Crew of show does not have ending planned for "The Simpsons" yet. #sdcc SATURDAY

"Futurama" will have at least 2 more seasons on comedy central. #sdcc SATURDAY

"Terra Nova" has plenty of eye candy, from the special effects to the cast. #sdcc FRIDAY

Mark Webb wants universe of "Spiderman" to seem somewhat grounded in reality and calls it emotionally complex. #sdcc Courtesy of David Dixon


Jesse Eisenberg does own driving for car chases in "30 Minutes or Less." #sdcc THURSDAY

Jon Favreau said "Cowboys and Aliens" will either be a failed experiment or something brilliant. #sdcc THURSDAY

I am watching Robert Rodriquez. There will be 2 sequels to "Machete." "Machete Kills" and "Machete Kills Again!" #sdcc WEDNESDAY

There's a wonderful replica of time machine from "Back to the Future" at "Hot Wheels" booth #sdcc Courtesy of David Dixon


Monday, July 25, 2011

The Daily Aztec



Talk Nerdy to me: A 2011 Comic-con inside look


owntown San Diego was transformed last week for the pop culture convention, C o m i c - C o n . Everywhere I looked, there were posters for new science fiction movies such as “Real Steel,” “The Amazing Spider-Man” and “Men in Black III.” There was also a small land dedicated to “South Park.” All this eye candy was to promote the event that has been a staple to my summer.

Wednesday I spent two hours at “Preview Night.” There were some memorable moments, such as an appearance from Tom Morello (guitarist from Rage Against the Machine), and trying out some video games. However, these were small potatoes compared to what would happen throughout the next few days.

Thursday The evening program in Hall H felt like a panel primarily made for diehard movie fans. After enjoying some time in the gigantic Exhibit Hall and watching an in-depth interview with Robert Rodriguez, I

are influenced by the unique universe created by Gene Roddenberry. After seeing the press conference, I left with more respect for him and the other two captains.


saw Jon Favreau and Guillermo del Toro take part in a conversation about passion. These two filmmakers are very different. Favreau was kind, caring and self-deprecating. Del Toro was profane, goofy and unapologetically honest. What these guys have in common is that they are both naturally quite funny and they love their line of work.


Friday While I am not the hugest “Trekker,” or “Trekkie” for those in the out-crowd, I do enjoy the original “Star Trek” series and recent film adaptation. I wanted to see “Star Trek: The Captains,” a press panel that featured William Shatner talking about his new documentary. I was not prepared for the fervor that would come out of the discussion with


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Shatner and special guests Avery Brooks and Scott Bakula. Seeing Shatner in many shows and films before, my expectation was that he was


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going to be a guy who would engage the audience with tongue-in-cheek responses. However, Shatner not only answered his questions in a very delicate way, he seemed to be the exact opposite man who once told people on a “Saturday Night Live” “Star Trek” sketch to get a life. He knows people love “Star Trek” and

Kevin Smith has a ridiculous amount of followers who love to attend his hilarious panels, myself included. This year, Smith reiterated that he is planning to retire from film, and wants to focus on his family and podcasts. The panel was the best part of Saturday because of how original and fresh his responses to questions were. I was, however, left wondering if this acclaimed director really will stop making movies. If Smith does leave his “first love,” then I guess there are always the critically adored “Clerks” and “Chasing Amy” to re-watch. This scratches the surface of what I experienced at the Con. In order to get into Comic-Con next year, I would suggest looking online. Information about “Comic-Con” can be found on


Saying A final goodbye to the boy who lived


eviewing “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 2” is like trying to describe my senior year of high school — almost impossible to do in 500 words or less — so I’ll begin with the simple observation that people with glasses should not watch 3D movies in the theater. Ever. That latest craze sweeping the moviegoing public is not designed with the bespectacled in mind. It speaks volumes about how likely a given attendee is to see a preview or poster and exclaim, “Gee! I hope they did that in 3D!” much less agree to pay $20 for the experience. I was not actually looking forward to seeing this film as much as those who have been subject to my persistent Harry Potter references


would think. There was so much the makers could mess up. Like so many, I grew up with these books. The novels’ release, and the characters’ ages, proceeded at nearly the exact same pace as my own. I have an emotional connection to the characters and their journeys; I remember the midnight release parties, the frantic need to finish each new volume as soon as possible, the slow realization that J.K. Rowling was serious and would not spare us the ugly reality of death or torture or bureaucracy, that none of the questions about who was good or bad were as simple as we thought, that someone I cared

The actors have grown up with the characters too ... with an ease noticeably absent from the earlier films. Nowhere does that show more than in the final installment. about could die. When I think of Harry Potter, I think of growing up, of how magical and exciting and scary it is.

When the movies were first released I didn’t like them, for the same reason I don’t like wearing someone else’s sneakers. Even if they’re the correct size, they don’t feel right ... they’re formed to someone else’s feet, not my own. The films did not conform to my imagination of Hogwarts, and that ruined the magic for me. I expected this film to be the same as its predecessors, so I was surprised how familiar and right it felt. The actors have grown up with the characters too, and they’re more comfortable in them now, slipping into the scenes like putting on an old jacket, with an ease noticeably absent from the earlier films. Nowhere does that certainty show more than in the final installment. Watching the Harry Potter movies in short succession is

particularly interesting. The first two years at Hogwarts are bright and magical; by the eighth movie, the film is practically black and white, desaturated of even the little color present in “Part 1.” It mirrors the darkness of the world itself, all the magic and color of childhood drained, only stark reality left. As we left, one guy sitting behind me said: “It’s been 10 years, and it’s finally over.” The sense of achievement, of completion, is palpable, and I could feel it ripple across the crowd. It was done, and we were satisfied. Check out the rest of this review online!


The Daily Aztec


Monday, July 25, 2011

Hirshman’s raise Raise insults is well-deserved starving students


ear students of San Diego State,

I understand there’s been some controversy about the $50,000 raise approved for the new SDSU president, Elliot Hirshman, made on the same day a 12 percent tuition hike was approved for California State University students such as yourselves. Before you grab your pitchforks and torches to storm the castle that is Hirshman’s new SDSU-appointed home, I’d like to stop and take a moment to make you realize the salary increase Hirshman received is nothing short of what he deserves. During the past several years, SDSU has asserted itself as a top-contending California State University in both education and economic impact. Take a look at the numbers. SDSU is currently one of the top-grossing CSUs in the state. According to last year’s SDSU financial statements, our school reported its total net assets for 2009-10 as approximately $408 million, and that’s after removing more than $200 million in liabilities and obligation. In addition, SDSU contributes greatly to the regional and state economies, sustaining more than 11,000 jobs and annual spending of more than $1.2 billion statewide, according to a CSU report last year. Now compare those numbers with another CSU, such as CSU Monterey Bay, which happens to be my hometown. Last year, CSUMB reported its 2009-10 net assets at $280 million, more than $120 million less than SDSU’s net assets from the same year. According to the CSU report previously mentioned, CSUMB’s contribution to the statewide economy is approximately $270 million, with about 2,300 jobs attributed to the university. That’s only a 22 percent average of the contribution SDSU makes to the state economy and job market. So how much does the president of CSUMB, Dianne F. Harrison, have on the books as her annual salary? She makes $270,000 per year. That’s about 68 percent of what Hirshman was awarded as his new annual salary, including the additional $50,000 per year from SDSU Foundation sources. Considering SDSU is a university that not only contributes more than 75 percent more per year to the statewide economy than CSUMB, but also reported more than 30 percent more net assets in 2009-10 than the other school did, it makes sense SDSU’s president would earn more than his CSUMB counterpart. Now I realize Hirshman receives other perks, such as vehicle payment assistance and provided housing. That’s actually standard treatment for CSU presidents. In fact, approximately 48 percent of CSU presidents currently receive provided housing. The rest receive about $55,000 per year to help pay for housing, which pays for monthly mortgage or rent of $4,600. Many large companies pay and perk their CEOs based not only on their job performances, but also the performance of their companies. If one company does better than another, the pay scale will typically reflect that. The same should be true for CSU presidential salaries. You can’t expect two universities with such different economic and employment impacts to pay their presidents the same. That would devalue the worth of SDSU as a top-contending California public university. Believe me when I say SDSU is top contending. SDSU received more than 60,000 freshmen and transfer applications for Fall 2010, to fill only 6,000 slots, according to an article by SDSU Manager of Media Relations Gina Jacobs for the SDSU News Center. The average GPA for accepted incoming freshmen was 3.63, the highest

Beth Elderkin


GPA average the school has ever seen. This year’s numbers are just as high, with an average 3.78 GPA for incoming freshmen and average SAT scores of more than 1100. San Jose State University has the third highest paid president in the CSU system. President Mohammad H. Qayoumi has an annual salary of $328,000, with a year supplement of $25,000. Altogether that’s only approximately

$43,000 less than Hirshman’s incoming salary. SJSU received only 36,000 applications for Fall 2010, admitted more than 19,000 of those students and only had approximately 5,000 enroll for that semester. Those numbers pale in comparison with the amount of competition and excellence SDSU has. SDSU provides a quality education at prices private university students are baffled by. Our alumni contribute more than $4.2 billion worth of earnings every year, resulting in about $6.5 billion in annual contributions to the state economy. That’s 36 percent of the entire CSU’s financial impact in California. As the leader of such a financially and educationally vital institution, our president should be rightly compensated. The raise offered to Hirshman is exactly what he deserves as an incoming president to such a successful California public university. We should put our pitchforks down and be content with the raise instead of indignant.

ear esteemed members of the CSU Board of Trustees,


Consider this my application for president of San Diego State University. I realize the $50,000 bonus you generously handed President Elliot Hirshman no doubt demonstrates your approval for our new president. But given the opportunity, I’m confident I’d prove just as valuable as Hirshman in these first days of office: I’ve always prided myself on my “walking into an office” ability, and I possess the resolve to declare that things are going to get better at SDSU. Given Hirshman’s short tenure as our



Think the salary is appropriate.

—Beth Elderkin is a journalism senior. — The views expressed in this column do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Daily Aztec.


president, you’ve proven that’s all it takes to deserve such a raise in salary. Based on these worthwhile traits — the only traits Hirshman has yet exemplified in office — I do believe I could give our new

Don’t think Hirshman should be getting that much.

president a run for his money. As you may realize — or perhaps don’t, given the fact tuition at SDSU has nearly doubled in the last four years, and you gents just approved to increase it another 12 percent — it’s tough times for us students. I myself work two jobs and receive a rather trifling amount of financial aid through Cal Grants and Pell Grants, but I still struggle to afford rent and the mounting tuition of this fine university. And I don’t pretend I am any sort of rarity in doing so; there are thousands of students across this campus who undoubtedly find themselves in a similar situation. I think I can speak for all of them when I say we agree wholeheartedly in your decision to so prodigiously increase our tuition, and we admire your

Not sure.

Chris Pocock


courageous decision to speak with us before voting on Hirshman’s bonus. Surely, there is no better place that money could go to than a man making $100,000 more than the governor of California. We don’t question your decision to reward our incoming president at the beginning of his tenure, rather than applying it in the future based on job performance. A lesser man might suggest there are factors beyond money that would motivate Hirshman to be a good leader: prestige, honor, power, security and the chance of getting a bonus down the line. But clearly, that man doesn’t understand California’s currently bullish economy. (Nor does that man have $1,000 a month to contribute for vehicle expenses and a recently renovated million dollar house near campus to rent out for free, but what’s the harm in a few more perks for the highest paid president in the CSU system?) But I’ve given you enough of my welldeserved praise, members of the board. It’s high time I offered my (albeit somewhat more serious) advice to the big man himself. Hirshman, you’re coming to our campus at a pivotal point in our school’s history. And you’re not coming to us empty-handed. You possess experience, a great deal of intelligence and perhaps most importantly, a damn good st amount of potential. But r ti fA f a that’s just it — as it stands now, St y/ ell it’s only potential: potential to be ir K Ka good, potential to be bad or potential to be mediocre. Who’s to say which? It wouldn’t be fair to blame you for your salary increase. Honestly, it wouldn’t — you had little to no say in that decision. But you have to understand that, for the thousands of students like me who work fervently at crap jobs that pay crap money merely for the ability to attend SDSU, it’s absolutely a slap in the face. And I believe rightly so. The CSU Board of Trustees defended its actions by bravely stating that you have to spend more to get more. Believe it or not, the board’s absolutely right. The president who preceded you did a magnificent job, and he did that job for $100,000 less. Surely, a person performing at the same level of integrity deserves nothing less — but nothing more, until his performance demonstrates otherwise. Know this: Receiving this bonus during a time of such strife for us students has done nothing to further any respect or devotion to you. It has done nothing to reach across the aisle. And it says nothing about who you are, aside from subtly suggesting you’re in it only for the money. But donating a year’s bonus to the school, to the students or even to the salaries of police on campus who haven’t seen a raise in six years, that would mean something. Let’s be honest — $100,000 in what will most likely end up being two decades in office is nothing. But showing students you hold us to a higher standard? Sounds like the beginning of a beautiful new friendship.

—Chris Pocock is a journalism senior. —The views expressed in this column do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Daily Aztec. —Agree? Disagree? Have something to say? Contact us at


Monday, July 25, 2011

The Daily Aztec


History classes must recognize LGBT events


here was a time when AfricanAmerican perspectives or the contributions of women in history or social science education would have been considered radical and uncouth. Now it’s hard to imagine how any self-respecting instructor could get away with skipping the civil rights movement or the fight for women’s suffrage. In truth, the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender movement will likely be the next struggle for equality to enter the mainstream. The ignorant rhetoric of fear is already losing mass appeal, and will eventually fade into just another embarrassing chapter of our history to remember and learn from. Earlier this month, Gov. Jerry Brown signed Senate Bill 48 into law, also known as the Fair, Accurate, Inclusive and Respectful Education Act. The bill mandates the inclusion of the LGBT community contributions in social sciences curricula. However, a strong backlash from conservatives and religious organizations is already campaigning to gather signatures to put a repeal on the ballot. If not for the California Proposition 8 debacle, I would welcome them to try and place my trust in California’s sensible voters. But that embarrassing setback exposed the susceptibility of misguided peo-


ple to the “save our children from being taught homosexuality in schools” campaign. Apparently any kind of acceptance of the LGBT community will cause our children to become homosexual. This idea is misguided, offensive and nonsensical. Teaching students about the history and contributions of the LGBT community will not encourage them to become homosexual. Hysterical fear-mongering aside, the classroom is the last place students are likely to form their views on sexuality. Teaching students about the LGBT movement is about as likely to turn them gay as learning about the civil rights movement is to change their race or discussing women’s rights is to switch their gender. But discussing the facts and history behind current politics and debate will help young people put all the confusing rhetoric bombarding them outside of school into perspective, and perhaps better understand the struggles of their classmates and peers. “By signing SB 48 today, California’s classrooms, textbooks and instructional materials will all become pro-homosexual promotion

tools,” Rev. Louis Sheldon, founder and chairman of Traditional Values Coalition, said. These people believe the perspectives and events of a movement cannot be discussed, only indoctrinated. If everything included in history textbooks was an attempt at advocacy, our young people would be quite confused. Objectors also claim talking about sexual orientation shouldn’t be necessary when teaching history. César Chávez and Rosa Parks are not known for their private heterosexual acts. While there is certainly no need to discuss what historical figures did in their bedrooms, it makes perfect sense to talk about a movement in terms of the qualities that make it unique. It would be difficult to understand the significance of a figure such as Harvey Milk without mentioning his involvement in the gay community, much the same way it wouldn’t serve to leave out the fact that Martin Luther King Jr. was black when describing his accomplishments for the civil rights movement. What the FAIR Act will do, however, is discourage harassment of openly homosexual students in our schools. It will promote awareness of a poorly understood minority group. And it will provide a richer, more accurate depiction of our history, present and future for young people confused by the emotional and divisive issue.

Recognition of LGBT contributions and study of sexual orientation issues is gaining ground in higher education as well. As of 2009, San Diego State became the second California State University to include an LGBT Studies minor. Universities around the nation are beginning to follow this trend. One important point I would make, however, is that it is always best to avoid excessive segregation. A separate LGBT studies program is a good idea, but specific classes based around the movement should not be substituted for inclusion of that information in mainstream social sciences courses. The figures, events and deeper issues of the movement should be discussed as a piece of a larger story rather than an isolated thread. This more complete understanding of our past and present will only help us reach a more tolerant future.

—Randy Wilde is an international security and conflict resolution senior. —The views expressed in this column do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Daily Aztec.

Target episodic homeless with gov funding


MCT Campus

MCT Campus

favorite recessionary pastime of Americans has always been to point the finger at those who have made it through unscathed — bankers, executives, regulators; you know the type — and grumble at the unfairness of it all. “Look at us,” we’ll say, “tightening our belts and swearing off name brands in an age of unprecedented financial bonuses.” But rarely do we take a break from our cantankerous ramblings to consider the fate of those worse off than ourselves. Virtually hidden in plain sight are the homeless, whose ranks have surged during the recession and this so-called recovery. According to a new study presented to the California State Assembly’s Committee on Homelessness, the number of homeless living in San Diego has increased to more than 9,000, in addition to another 9,000 on the brink of losing their homes. This increase comes despite great successes in the reduction of chronic homelessness in San Diego. The chronically homeless are individuals with a history of long-term homelessness. They usually suffer from mental illnesses, addiction and severe medical conditions. These people require extensive medical help coupled with comprehensive support to lift them out of homelessness. Strangely, the number of chronically homeless people has actually declined this past year. But a new group has taken the stage — these episodic homeless, pushed out to the streets by systemic economic hardships. These people aren’t suffering from medical or psychological issues often associated with those falling under the chronically homeless category. Ironically, this makes them ineligible for many programs available to help those living on the streets. Oftentimes, this group requires such simple help that they end up receiving none. That’s not to say the programs that exist now aren’t helpful: Local organizations such as Home Again and Father Joe’s Village have been resoundingly successful in providing the long term psychological, medical and financial help the chronically homeless need. These organizations have been extraordinarily instrumental in the reduction of chronic homelessness in San Diego, but that emphasis has let many episodic homeless simply fall through the cracks. It’s absolutely stunning that despite decreases in state and private funding provided to these homeless aid organizations, limited resources are concentrated on those most at risk. In the end, episodically homeless individuals are left on the streets, at risk of developing the medical and psychological issues that plague so many of the already homeless. Wouldn’t it make fiscal, moral and common


sense to target that group before they fall in with the chronically homeless? There needs to be a change to the system, and it needs to happen now. Understandably, legislators are wary to make costly alterations to the system in place. But there’s really no need for an all-encompassing — and expensive — support network for the recessionary homeless. Sometimes, all they need is food, shelter and a second chance. However, these types of changes must be set in place before episodically homeless individuals lose the skills they need to reenter the workforce and become once again financially independent. First, we need to increase the number of soup kitchens and low-support shelters to provide basic living necessities. Second, to get off the streets they need to begin working and become financially stable. For that to happen, the city should sponsor skill-training classes and job fairs to prepare the episodically homeless for new jobs and help them connect with potential employers. To sweeten the deal for companies who may be wary of hiring a destitute individual, the city should provide tax incentives to companies that hire and keep persons that have been identified as homeless or are at a high risk of becoming homeless. Unfortunately, employment alone won’t put an end to their vagrancy. The city needs to increase the availability of affordable housing. Recently the San Diego City Council voted to keep local redevelopment agencies alive. At least 20 percent of that money has to be spent on affordable housing. That means there is no excuse for the city to not provide cheap homes for the newly employed homeless. The steps to address the needs of a new generation of recessionary homeless are clear. But that doesn’t mean they’ll be easily enacted in the current economic environment, where both the city and individuals face daunting financial challenges. But that is not an excuse to forget about the most vulnerable among us, those hit hardest by the recession. We cannot allow these hardworking families enduring hard times to be trapped in a cycle of homelessness and dependency. We have a chance to nip this new generation of homelessness in the bud, if only we have the compassion and willpower to act now.

— Leonardo Castaneda is an economics and journalism sophomore. — The views expressed in this column do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Daily Aztec.


The Daily Aztec


Monday, July 25, 2011

Pirouette into shape with ballet barre SOFIA CASILLAS S TA F F W R I T E R

With such a variety of workouts available today, it should come as no surprise to find a new type of exercise called ballet barre that is centered on the toning movements of ballet dancing. The word “barre” is of French origin and is used to describe the horizontal bar used for balance and support by ballet dancers. In ballet barre, that same bar is used to perform isometric moves that help strengthen areas people often struggle with the most.

“It uses calculated isometric movements to work each muscle, then stretches the muscle back out to create long, lean lines ...” — Carrie Rezabek, CEO and founder of Pure Barre technique “Pure Barre is an intense 55-minute total body workout,” owner of Pure Barre in Solana Beach Lori Allen said. “It focuses on small isometric movements, toning different areas — your seat, thighs, a lot of core, sculpts and tones — burns fat and calories ... results are seen very quickly.” Because it requires no jumping, a person’s joints are protected throughout the exercise. Instead, the workout routine usually includes strength and stretching segments to create a long and lean muscle. For those who want to keep their figures, ballet barre is the way to go.

Courtesy of Thinkstock

Inspired by the graceful form of ballet dance, ballet barre is an accessible workout technique focused on full-body movement with the support of a horizontal bar.

“It uses calculated isometric movements to work each muscle, then stretches the muscle back out to create long, lean lines — without the bulk,” CEO and founder of Pure Barre technique, Carrie Rezabek said. Instead of the constant movement required when doing push-ups or crunches, a ballet barre routine pushes trainees to hold various positions for given amounts of time to strengthen target areas with

increased pressure. This motion reflects a level of stamina similar to that required when holding a sit-up in the “up” position for a prolonged period of time. Another advantage to this workout is the slight movement required when holding set positions. For this reason, ballet barre is perfect for people struggling with back problems, or for those in postnatal recovery. Although classes are mainly

taught in studios where a fee is required, college students on a tight budget should not avoid the idea of participating in ballet barre. Equipment is not required and there are many discount coupons available online that can decrease studio fees. All exercisers need is a horizontal bar (provided by the studio), socks, their own body weight and the will to work it like a prima ballerina.

Milk drinkers partake in unhealthy habit AMY DEVITO S TA F F W R I T E R

For decades, milk has been known as a bonebuilding mega mogul muscle drink, essential for a balanced diet. With the influential propagation of magazines and television, milk has maintained its reputation as a fundamental source of nourishment necessary for strong bone structure. However, milk may not be the superhero supplement it is claimed to be. In fact, some researchers suggest following a dairy-free diet may prove to be a healthier avenue. Though several celebrity icons have endorsed milk by sporting the infamous mustache, perhaps it is time to anatomize what milk is really made of. A 12-year Harvard study consisting of 78,000 female nurses published in the American Journal of Public Health stated, “Women consuming greater amounts of calcium from dairy foods had significantly increased risks of hip fractures, while no increase in fracture risk was observed for the same levels of calcium from nondairy sources.” Additionally, a survey of 34 published studies in 16 different countries conducted at Yale University concluded that countries with the highest rates of osteoporosis, including America, England, Sweden and Finland, were also the highest consumers of dairy products. Although the primary minerals found in milk are phosphorous and calcium, westernized diets are often full of phosphorous in the form of carbonated beverages and processed foods. Calcium is important, but choosing orange juice, soy or almond milk will satisfy this need just the same. A dairy-free diet omits milk, butter, cheese, cream and yogurt with alternatives including

almond milk, apple, pear or prune puree, cheese alternatives, multi-grain milk, nondairy frozen desserts and oat, rice or soy milk. When baking, milk may be substituted with water or fruit juice. Ingredients such as oil, soy margarine, shortening and fruit purees can take the place of butter. As concerns often lie in the belief that, without milk, vital nutrients may be forgotten, it’s important to be aware of what supplements must be taken on a consistent basis. Milk has seven main components, including water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, sugar and fat-soluble vitamins and minerals. Water can be easily replenished elsewhere and, as cow’s milk is only three to four percent protein of which approximately 80 percent is casein and 20 percent is whey, the protein

... milk may not be the superhero supplement it is claimed to be. In fact, some researchers suggest following a dairy-free diet may be a healthier avenue.

found in milk can also easily be substituted. Both casein and whey are top allergen sources, and, according to the Food Allergy Initiative, dairy allergies are one of the most common food allergies among children. To obtain better protein sources, increased consumption of beans, nuts, meat, fish and poultry is recommended.

Courtesy of MCT Campus

Although dairy is lauded for its calcium richness, studies suggest these benefits hardly outweigh the costs.

Milk is also high in cholesterol and lactose, a sugar present in such high quantities that one glass of milk contains half the sugar serving found in soda. Milk also contains vitamins B and C, but a considerable amount is eradicated during pasteurization. Better sources of these vitamins are found in fruits, vegetables, grains, lean meats and fish. Milk includes vitamins A, D and E , but these are removed with the fat in the production of reduced, low and nonfat milks. Farmers are required to fortify these milks with vitamin A and may choose

vitamin D as well. Ironically, high intakes of vitamin A have now been linked to an increased risk for hip fracture. So, what are the best ways to prevent dairy from appearing in the daily diet? Avoid eating out and emphasize whole foods and home meal preparation – processed foods typically include allergens found in milk. Now that the truth about dairy has been revealed, there may be no better time to adopt new dairy-free standards and embrace an opportunity for a healthier life.


Monday, July 25, 2011

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PART/TIME housekeeping 1/morning vac/dust immaculate house. car needed. close SDSU $10/hr 4hr/morn retired teacher 619-272-8827.

UCSD female cancer survivor studies. Compensation for participation. For more information call (858) 822-0768 or email

4br/2ba, college area. 2 master bedrooms. Washer/dryer, AC. Yard, garage. Pets ok. One yr lease. $2650. Co-sign ok. Call 619-813-3113.

East San Diego/ College Area. Furnished studios. Well appointed with fully furnished LR/BR and kitchen. Quiet cul de sac location. No SDGE. Deposit or hookup fee required. $695/month. Low $150 deposit. 619-281-9451.

Walk to SDSU. Large house w/ other students. $500/month. Water, gardener, dishwasher, washer, dryer incl. Available Sept. 1. Cynthia 760-741-2543.

Male volunteers (18-35) needed to donate small skin biopsies from shoulder area for research studies of sweat glands in the department of pediatrics at UCSD. Paul Quinton PhD, Principle investigator $100 compensation requires less than one hour. Please call 619-543-6935 to volunteer.

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Volunteer to screen raw diaries submitted by diarists; Select poignant entries affecting self-worth for forthcoming self-help book. Prefer graduate students majoring in Psychology, Women’s Studies, Cultural Anthropology, Creative Writing or Journalism. Contact: - Unpaid; (acknowledged in book).

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Furnished Bedroom, no smoking, no pets. $450 per month. 2 miles from school. 619-286-3317.




The Daily Aztec



When Puyehue blows


Monday, July 25, 2011

he first earthquake, and my neighbor’s barn, once filled with milking cows and Iberian horses, splinters apart. His livestock tentatively exit into dawn, panting thick clouds so white I think they breathe the bodies of new ghosts. I stand as the wave passes and call for him; he whistles his health to me from his open doorway. It is bright, so even through the distance I can make out a pulse in his silhouette. My home too lifted itself from its foundation. Inside, I gather clean water and grain. Outside, I go to him. “Did you see the grasslands shudder?” he asks. We leave before the volcano can erupt, before Puyehue slides her proboscis of smoke into the sky and turns the clouds’ underbellies to ripples, before she can challenge winter. Flycatchers spill from the next rise in spindles of sunlit ice and feathers. “I once worked with wings,” he says, leading one pregnant horse and me down an empty road, south. “So I know birds. Their’s is the most manual of labor. It’s difficult to fly.” The second quake, and the horses disappear through the trees. Oscar forgets his place in our conversation. He concentrates on listening. He tells me he hears their hooves against the winter-hardened earth, and promises after this mess, he will find every horse. “Can you hear them?” I listen for their gallop, their burst-fire footsteps, but only hear pumice falling through the rainforest, leaving ash on the canopy’s leaves like muddy fingerprints. He hands me the horse’s reigns while he rolls a cig-


arette. As the earth reclaims the falling sky, I lose the rhythm of her steps behind me. “Which horse is this?” I ask. “Allende,” he says. “My favorite horse.” “And her child?” “This is bad luck, to say it.” He waves smoke. “If I do, we risk stillborn.” I look back at Allende. From head-on, she appears to have swallowed a boat. I walk next to her and place my hand gently against the hull of her ribs, search for a second heartbeat. I find none. “You say you worked with birds. Which aviary did you work with? My uncle worked with hawks in Santiago.” “I never said birds,” he steps on his shortened cigarette. The road descends into a rocky valley. Moist green slips between knuckled rock in the gorge ahead of us. The boulders, pitted stone, house termites. Allende licks at the insects as we pass. Oscar takes a drink from his canteen. “I said I worked with wings. Not birds. I was a plane mechanic for years, until the Americans came. Then I left.” He secures the canteen to a leather pack on Allende’s back. Her front knees tremble with the angled weight of our descent. Soon the next ridge flattens out. Men in uniform call to us with hands like fences. Enforcing borders. Idling lorries block the road ahead. The ghosts from Oscar’s horses trail through the forest behind us. Soon, thick fog covers the road.

One soldier takes Allende. Oscar protests but another pushes us into the back of a truck, filled with our distant neighbors. “This is an evacuation,” he yells. “We’re helping you.” Oscar tenses his body in protest. “What of Allende? What of my horse?” But the soldier forces him in and waves us off. The trucks motor away, leaving her pregnant body shivering unprotected in the open valley’s wind. “What will happen to Allende? What of her child?” We watch as Oscar’s horse disappears in the silt of descending skies. Oscar holds his head between trout-white palms. I keep my eyes trained on the tree line behind us, searching for the smoke-signal breath of horses. I will help Oscar look for Allende after Puyehue finishes. We will search the earth for her shipwrecked vessel, exhume the body for another burial. Still, for every young colt I’ll see, I’ll wonder, “Is this Allende’s?” Born from the womb of the earth, born slick with the sweat of labor. I’ll wonder, “Can we catch him?” Our countless fingers sticky with sweat and soil. Oscar later tells me no, we cannot catch him, the nameless colt. Every now and then I see him between the trees, but when I get there, ash covers every imprint. When I turn around again, ash covers every step home. -Mason Schoen is a creative writing graduate student.


TODAY’S BIRTHDAY (07/25/11) Keep pinching those pennies: It's working.You've cut expenses and are getting by on less. This year looks favorable for your career and finances, with innovation and invention playing parts. Meanwhile, that penny jar is only getting heavier. To get the advantage, check the day's rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. ARIES (March 21 - April 19) - Today is an 8 - To defuse fears of the unknown, concentrate on what's been worrying you. Stick to the facts.The answers you discover will provide peace of mind and new opportunities. TAURUS (April 20 - May 20) - Today is an 8 - You're getting smarter, and your wisdom grows over the next two days.You're soaking up studies like a sponge, and gaining skills like crazy. Give in to it. GEMINI (May 21 - June 21) - Today is a 7 Brevity is the heart of elegance. Appreciate the finer arts, and indulge the desire for aesthetic harmony. Mix flavors, sounds and visuals for a feast for the senses. CANCER (June 22 - July 22) - Today is an 8 - You'd love to be surrounded by beauty, comfort and delicious treats. It's not the best day for communication, so quiet pursuits yield better results. Get cozy. LEO (July 23 - Aug. 22) - Today is an 8 Add whimsical touches to a project. Peaceful time in the morning has you rested for a social afternoon. Avoid opportunities that sound too good to be true. All

is well. VIRGO (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22) - Today is a 7 What are you waiting for? Now's the time to step out of your comfort zone and dive into adventure. What could you do that you've never done before? LIBRA (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22) - Today is a 6 Roll with unexpected circumstances. Go ahead and explore.Travel opens opportunities for growth and development with long-term benefits. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 - Nov. 21) - Today is a 9 - Business and finances are getting intense. This is good news! Review the plan; figure the costs; and stay active. Don't risk it all on a slim chance. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22 - Dec. 21) - Today is a 7 - You find conflicting opinions today and need to make a decision. Be considerate of others. At the end, you're the one responsible for your life, so choose happiness. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19) - Today is an 8 - Your busy workload leads to great creativity. Reconsider a strategy that's not working. Don't worry about the money, but conserve resources anyway. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 - Feb. 18) - Today is a 6 - For the next couple of days you're lucky in love. Don't wait another minute to share your heart. If you have doubts, look deep inside to find the answer. PISCES (Feb. 19 - March 20) - Today is a 6 Somebody may want to push you around now. Stand your ground. Find support in your family and in your home. Ask questions to find out what they're really after. © 2011,TRIBUNE MEDIA SERVICES INC.




1 2

3 4

Instructions: Complete the grid so -This work of fiction does not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Daily Aztec.

each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9. For strategies on how to solve Sudoku, visit


Solution available online at © 2011 The Mepham Group. Distributed by Tribune Media Services. All rights reserved.


COMIC-CON HITS SAN DIEGO Staff Writer David Dixon captured a moment with this Spidey fan roaming the Marvel-esque halls of the San Diego Convention Center last weekend at Comic-Con 2011.




















ACROSS 1 Burn badly 6 The lightning bolt on Harry Potter’s forehead, e.g. 10 Squirrel away 14 “__ World”: ticklish Muppet’s “Sesame Street” segment 15 Woody Guthrie’s son 16 Candy that comes in twos 17 Winter Olympics event with gates 20 Invoice fig. 21 Place for inks or oinks 22 Subtle vibes 23 One stalking lions or tigers 28 It.’s continent 29 Raw rocks 30 “Octopus’s Garden” singer Ringo 33 Talk show guest’s blatant promotion 35 Swelled head 38 T-bone with a warm, red center 42 Colorful card game 43 Lends a hand to 44 Lecture rooms 45 Abel’s assassin 47 Jazzy horn 48 Lass awed by the big city, maybe 54 Bright 55 Sis’s sib 56 IM offerer 58 He “runs through the town ... in his nightgown” 63 Thomas __ Edison 64 Tater __: Ore-Ida product 65 Big tractor name


Solution available online at 66 Movie house suffix 67 Allergy trigger, often 68 Passover dinner

13 Flames that have cooled? 18 Box for practice 19 Horse’s hair 24 Spice Girl Halliwell DOWN 25 Ashram authority 1 Nintendo com26 Store posting petitor 27 Craving 2 Start up the 30 Sch. in Big D mountain 31 Commandment 3 Italian violin count maker 32 Hubbub 4 Chaney of horror 33 Painting repro5 “Spring ahead” duction hrs. 34 Schoolboy 6 Witch trials town 35 Slippery fish 7 Whooping bird 36 “For Me and My 8 Entirely __” 9 Kanga’s kid 37 Gives the nod 10 Vain walks 39 Postal sackful 11 In the loop 40 Layered haircut 12 Anglican parish 41 Crosstown bus priest alternative

45 Auto finish protection 46 Height: Pref. 47 Chilly powder? 48 What the nose knows 49 “Circle of Friends” writer Binchy 50 Newspaper bye lines? 51 Seize (from) 52 Gathered, as fallen leaves 53 Orléans’s river 54 Exchange 57 Ogle 59 India Inc.? 60 Gehrig who played with Ruth 61 Credit card users may be asked for them, briefly 62 Society page word


Volume 96, Issue 122