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may 6, 2013
Activist filmmaker featured on page 5
MONDAY, MAY 6, 2013
VOLUME 99, ISSUE 112
Limited tickets prompt students to trade
campus Stephanie Saccente Senior Staff Writer
For many graduating students, the commencement ceremony is an exciting time to spend with family and friends. However, with limited tickets available, students have been forced to find additional tickets for their guests through other methods. According to the San Diego State Commencement website, the number of tickets available to each student is contingent on the number of students graduating from individual SDSU colleges. This year’s ticket availability by college includes eight for Health and Human Services, seven for Business Administration and Sciences, six for Professional Studies and Fine Arts and Arts and Letters, and 12 for Education and Undergraduate Studies and Engineering. Public relations graduating senior David Rozul said because of the limited amount of tickets available to each student, it’s a selling frenzy among peers within the individual colleges to obtain more. While Rozul understands the university’s need to must limit the amount of tickets each student receives, he suggests future graduations be moved to other locations such as the Aztec Bowl or Qualcomm Stadium. “Despite how hard it is to get tickets, I understand why the university does it,” Rozul said. “Viejas Arena can only hold so many people, and this gives everyone in
“If you support women’s rights, you are immediately a feminist whether you deny it or not.”
Bird flu risk in China on page 2
Two tickets for the College of Education and Undergraduate Studies ceremony. Only a set amount of tickets are provided to each graduate within certain colleges.
their respective college the equal opportunity to bring their family members and friends.” While some students struggle to find more tickets, others have looked to get rid of theirs. Communications senior Alexa Johnson sold her six tickets for the PSFA commencement ceremony for $140. Johnson said at one point she had seven people interested in buying her tickets and while she could have sold them for more, she didn’t want the stress of waiting until the last minute. “Overall I’m very happy with
my decision to sell my tickets. Instead of spending money on graduation, I’ve made money,” Johnson said. “I’ll be using that money toward my trip to Europe.” Computer science senior Saif Alsharifi used SDSU’s “Class of 2013” Facebook page to find extra tickets for the College of Sciences commencement ceremony and noted in his post that he was willing to pay. While he was able to purchase extra tickets, he said many people have overcharged their tickets, which made it dif-
monica linzmeier , assistant photo editor
ficult. “There are plenty of extra tickets being sold on Craigslist, the only problem I have experienced is sellers overpricing their tickets,” Alsharifi said. “I was able to find almost all the tickets I needed for a reasonable price.” The first college commencement ceremony will take place Friday, May 17 at the Viejas Area with the College of Health and Human Services. For a complete list of commencement ceremony dates and times visit go.sdsu.edu/ commencement.
Former professor gives $1 mil to Honors College campus Michelle Pluss Staff Writer
Professor Emeritus Henry Janssen pledged a $1 million donation to San Diego State’s Honors College. On April 25, Janssen announced he would donate a portion of his estate to the institution where he dedicated 60 years of his life. The contribution is part of the Campaign for SDSU, a movement to raise $500 million to ensure SDSU’s role as a leading public research university.
Janssen’s donation will aid the Honors College by increasing enrollment and offering courses that will benefit the university as a whole. According to the Campaign for SDSU website, the funds raised will be divided to support the campaign’s four initiatives: engaging the region, leading innovation and discovery, competing globally and fueling potential. The campaign has raised $385 million as of March.
monica linzmeier , assistant photo editor
Honors College is located inside the Administration building on campus. The donation will provide more scholarships for honor students.
“The Campaign for (SDSU)” has the power to transform our university by increasing access and educational opportunities, strengthening our ties with the San Diego community and supporting our life-changing research,” SDSU President Elliot Hirshman said in a message to the public on the campaign’s website. During a time when most universities are limiting enrollment and cutting class variety and size, Janssen’s donation will aid the Honors College by increasing enrollment
and offering courses that will benefit the university as a whole. “I owe SDSU more for the life I’ve had than I can ever repay,” Janssen told SDSU NewsCenter. Janssen has been a longtime supporter of SDSU’s Honors College as an adviser on the Honor’s Council, which is comprised of student representatives from each of SDSU’s multidisciplinary honor societies. Janssen’s donation will provide more scholarships for honor students, increase the availability of
Professor Emeritus Henry Janssen.
courtesy of newscenter
student positions on the honors advisory council and create support for honors program faculty members. “One of the things of which I am most proud is my ability to bring together past and present students,” Janssen said. “It is an astonishing network of relationships that is not Henry-dependent … and they will continue to stay connected … to each other as friends, but also to the SDSU bond that ties them together in my absence.”
The bird flu H7N9 that has infected 127 people in China ... has generated fear of an epidemic outbreak.
SANDAG stinks up gas emissions discussion
’ve written extensively about the environment this semester. I can’t think of anything more important than ecology—particularly how we impact it. Human activity, such as the recent outbreak of massive wildfires on May 1, increases greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. Those emissions disrupt weather cycles and overheat the Earth, resulting in droughts and heat waves that increase fire danger. What we’ve already witnessed could pale in comparison to what is to come. We have a fading chance to minimize calamity. That chance vaporizes when leaders tasked with reducing GHG emissions don’t take it seriously. The San Diego Association of Governments lost a lawsuit filed by the Cleveland National Forest Foundation last December. The San Diego Superior Court ruled SANDAG’s long-range transportation plan failed to reduce long-term GHG emissions. SANDAG stubbornly appealed instead of crafting responsible policies. The environmental doomsday clock ticks in the delay. SANDAG continued on page 7
2 | NEWS
Volume 99, issue 112 | MONday, MAY 6, 2013
Associated Students EVENT CALENDAR
Culinary Theater offers unique dishes featuring the culinary talents of the SDSU Dining Services chefs. Monday-Thursday starting at 11:00AM East Commons entrance Monday 5/6/2013 $8.00
Tuesday 5/7/2013 $8.00
Wednesday 5/8/2013 $8.00
Beer BatteredFish and Chips
BBQ Fish Sandwich
Blue Cheese Peppercorn Bacon Burger
Midnight Study Break will take place on Thursday at East Commons. The biannual event will provide free late-night breakfast, study tips and prizes.
monica linzmeier , assistant photo editor
Aztec Nights will host its biannual Midnight Study Break Thursday at 9 p.m. at East Commons. The free event provides students with free latenight breakfast, study tips and prizes. Midnight Study Break is designed to help students relieve stress during finals week. Last year, students played game boards and enjoyed fresh fruit and other dishes provided by San Diego State Dining Services.
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Stars may signal the birth of a black hole The death of a star can lead to several outcomes: the formation of a dense white dwarf star, a neutron star, or the birth of a black hole. Black holes form when a star collapses under the pull of its own gravity. This results in an object so dense its gravitational force is inescapable by any particle in the universe—even light. Researchers at the California Institute of Technology now claim these dying stars may produce a distinct flash that could help predict whether or not a black hole will be created. Caltech’s claim goes against previous predictions about how black holes form. These theories claim that when a star dies, it would create an event called an “unnova,” producing no flash or explosion, which are characteristics of a supernova. The star simply disappears from existence. Caltech postdoctoral fellow Tony Piro said this opposing theory may not be the only method of black hole formation. When a star dies, its gravitational field begins to collapse, which creates a shock wave that can penetrate the outer gaseous layers of the star at speeds as fast as two million miles per hour. The collision of the shock wave and the outer gas layers results in a bright flash. The results of Piro’s study shows the flash is 10 to 100 times brighter than previously thought and would be a promising signal for the birth of a black hole. Though not as bright as a su-
pernova, the black hole flashes would still be observable by astronomical surveyors for as long as 10 days. Previous surveys have not yet seen a signal resembling a black hole flash. A decadelong survey by the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope will begin this year and may aid in providing evidence to prove or disprove Caltech’s theory. Researchers map bird flu risk in eastern China The bird flu H7N9 that has infected 127 people in China and killed 27 has generated fear of an epidemic outbreak. Researchers at the Hong Kong Baptist University and the Chinese University of Hong Kong created a map of H7N9 risk in eastern China. Using the migratory patterns of birds, meteorological data of the migration period and the distributional data of potentially infected poultry, the map generated risk levels in cities such as Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jiangsu. As more research is conducted on the source and method of transmission of H7N9, researchers will be able to create a more precise figure to aid in quelling further transmission. So far, no evidence has shown any prolonged human-to-human transmission that could lead to an epidemic. However, recent research shows the virus has begun to exhibit the ability to infect mammals and birds.
— Compiled by Staff Writer Will Houston
SPORTS | 3
MONday, MAY 6, 2013 | Volume 99, issue 112
National Sports Beat NBA playoffs Two weeks after the regular season, the NBA postseason second round is nearly set. In the Eastern Conference, the Miami Heat humiliated the Milwaukee Bucks, sweeping them away in four games. The New York Knicks advanced past the first round of the playoffs for the first time since 2000, defeating the Boston Celtics in six games. The Indiana Pacers finished off the Atlanta Hawks in six games, while the Chicago Bulls beat the Brooklyn Nets in a deciding seventh game on Saturday. In the Western Conference, the Oklahoma City Thunder finished off the Houston Rockets in six games, despite all-star point guard Russell Westbrook’s right knee injury. Westbrook will be out for the remainder of this postseason. The Memphis Grizzlies held off the Los Angeles Clippers, winning in six games. The LA Lakers struggled without their leader Kobe Bryant, getting swept in four games by the San Antonio Spurs. But the biggest surprise in the West came when the Golden State Warriors defeated the Denver Nuggets in six games, thanks to point guard Stephen Curry, who was lights out from beyond the arc for most of the series. LeBron James claims fourth MVP award It’s been a great season for the Miami Heat, but an even greater year for its leader LeBron James, who was named the NBA’s most valuable player for a second consecutive year and the fourth time in his career. James averaged 26.8 points, 8 rebounds and 7.3 assists this season, while shooting a career best 56.5 percent from the field. He led the Heat to a 6616 record, the NBA’s best this season. The Heat is once again the favorite to win the NBA championship title this postseason. James became the fifth player in history to win four MVP awards alongside Michael Jordan, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Bill Russell and Wilt Chamberlain. Orb wins Kentucky Derby It was a rainy day at Churchill Downs, but the rain didn’t stop the 139th Kentucky Derby competitors from putting on a great race. The bay colt named Orb raced through the muddy conditions in Louisville, Ky. to win The Derby by 2 1/2 lengths. Golden Soul finished second, while Revolutionary finished third. Orb, a 5-1 favorite, was victorious after starting in the No. 16 post. Orb ran the 1 1/4 miles in 2:02.89. Goldencents, co-owned by Louisville University men’s basketball coach and NCAA national champion Rick Pitino, finished at No. 17. Goldencents’ jockey Kevin Krigger attempted to become the first black rider to win The Derby since 1902. Rosie Napravnik tried to become the first woman jockey to win the world’s biggest horse race, but fell short as her horse, Mylute, finished fifth, the highest finish by a female rider.
Padres must re-sign Headley to long-term deal sports talk Ryan Posner Staff Writer
After the third baseman came off a career year leading the National League in RBIs with 115 and finishing fifth in the NL Most Valuable Player voting, it was clear the San Diego Padres were planning to re-sign Chase Headley to a long-term deal. The Padres’ intentions to resign Headley became a reality when new head of ownership Ron Fowler told the media the Padres are 100 percent willing to extend Headley. Fowler said the contract extension the club is considering would make Headley the highest-paid player in franchise history. Headley made it clear he doesn’t want to negotiate in the middle of the season, but was “flattered” by the offer. Fowler said the contract will be in the same ballpark as fellow elite third basemen Tampa Bay Rays’ Evan Longoria and Washington
Nationals’ Ryan Zimmerman. As a Padres fan, I’m ecstatic about this news, and all Padres fans should be elated with me. Too many times in the recent history of this ball club, our front office traded away or let Padres’ superstars sign with another team because the ownership wasn’t willing to pay them the money they deserved. Most notably, Adrian Gonzalez, who now plays for NL West rival Los Angeles Dodgers, told the media he was never approached by ownership about an extension. Gonzalez said he would’ve actually taken a discount to stay in San Diego. Instead, the Padres traded him to the Boston Red Sox. There’s no doubt that Headley deserves this money; he is a force to be reckoned with in the middle of a mediocre Padres lineup. With Headley, fans will have a marketable face fans can recognize and a batter that opponents may fear. Headley has been regarded as a fantastic leader in
the clubhouse and has sentimental value to fans because he was developed in our farm system. His extension, if he signs it, will mark a new beginning for this franchise. No longer will the front office let cornerstone players walk away to the likes of the Red Sox or Dodgers. This new ownership has this team going in the right direction. While it may not be visible on the field right now, the front office guys are working hard to keep valuable players in San Diego and try and bring in talented new ones. If Headley decides to sign this extension at the season’s end, Padres fans can look forward to his gold glove defense and silver slugger bat capabilities for many years to come. And if he doesn’t sign the extension, it will be the first time Padres fans can look back and say, “At least our ownership tried.”
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4 | FEATURES
Volume 99, issue 112 | MONday, mAY 6, 2013
It were a grief so brief to part with thee. Farewell love & relationship advice
Love Guru Staff Columnist
Hard to (EX)plain: I’ve been seeing this guy on and off for a while. Last summer, I broke up with him because dating was ruining our friendship. We’ve remained close, but now he has a new girlfriend and she is absolutely awful. She is into drugs, dropped out of school and has the reputation of cheating. I care about my ex, but I’m not sure I’m in the place to tell him the truth. Love Guru: It’s good that you are both mature enough to remain friends after a breakup. However, there really is no way to tell your ex you hate his new girlfriend without sounding like a jealous ex spreading rumors. Furthermore, attacking his new girlfriend’s shortcomings will only make him defensive. Besides, someone among his friends and family will warn him about this girl—it doesn’t have
to be you. It sounds like he may just be on the rebound and likely knows this next relationship won’t last forever. In the meantime, try and be a supportive friend to him no matter who he is dating. Lovesick: My parents are in the middle of a divorce. I guess I saw it coming, but I’m really starting to doubt that love exists. I feel that love fades and then people just tol-
erate each other after that for convenience. How do I stop feeling so bitter? Love Guru: Every person and relationship is different. There is no reason why you and your future spouse have to end up like your parents. Chances are your parents want you to find happiness in life, even though their marriage failed. If you live your life with this bitterness, you will never let anyone else in. Life is short. Will your next relationship work out? Maybe. Will you get a divorce one day? Who knows? But you have to be willing to try or you will end up alone wondering “What if?” One day, the right person will come along and destroy every fear you ever had about love and commitment. You just have to let him
or her find you. Graduation Tribulation: My girlfriend is graduating college and I have no idea what to get her. We have only been dating for one month, so I don’t want to move too fast with a super expensive gift. Problem is, her ex-boyfriend took her to Hawaii for her last birthday, so I feel like I need to do something big. Love Guru: A trip to Hawaii seems hard to top, but remember your girlfriend and this other guy broke up for a reason. Don’t base anything in your relationship on what he did because he obviously failed in the long run. A better bet is to ask her friends what she wants. That way, you can buy her something personal that you know she’ll love.
To my loyal readers, My first year at The Daily Aztec has been a wild ride. I’ve thoroughly enjoyed guiding you all in the ways of love. This isn’t goodbye, I’ll be back next year to answer questions about all the fizzled summer romances and mentor new and returning students. Remember to send submissions to email@example.com. Submissions are anonymous and my answers will always be honest. With all the love in my heart, Love Guru
New housing options available near SDSU campus housing
Stephanie Myers Staff Writer
As a San Diego State senior, I would have to say one of the most stressful times, aside from finals is finding housing each year. Between getting roommates to agree on a house or apartment and finding a place within everyone’s budget, housing can be a nightmare. This fall, two new apartments will open within walking distance from campus: Zuma and the Suites on Paseo Zuma, which is undergoing construction on Montezuma Road is “luxury housing at San Diego State.” Its motto is “life, style and luxury.” Zuma offers four separate rooms per apartment and each is fully furnished, including a flat-screen TV, washer, dryer, air conditioner and Energy Star appliances. Zuma housing manager Iesha Loyd explained why Zuma is a great choice for San Diego State students. “We wanted students to be able to live with all of their friends in a luxurious atmosphere,” Loyd said. “We also offer roommate matching for students that want to live in luxury, but do not have all of their roommates selected.” The amenities at Zuma include complimentary Internet and cable, tanning beds, a computer lab, community rooms, courtyards with barbecues and bicycle storage. “Zuma’s the ideal place for the upscale college student,” Loyd said. “Our professional on-site staff is dedicated to serving your needs and making sure you meet your social and educational activities to make your college experience the best there is within walking distance from SDSU.” The Suites on Paseo are also a new housing option offered this upcoming fall semester. Located on Lindo Paseo, Suites on Paseo offer an alternative housing alternative for students who still want the close-knit
atmosphere of a residence hall. Each suite is a fully furnished studio, complete with a flat-screen high-definition TV, housekeeping services, personal fridge and microwave. Suites on Paseo General Manager Katie Hall elaborated on the complex. “We felt that privacy was really important to many students. We found that many students enjoy living in a residence hall environment, but they don’t want to live in the oncampus residence halls because they want more privacy,” Hall said. Hall said some of the studios are designed for double occupancy for students who want roommates to share their college experiences and memories with. Hall said that Suites on Paseo are different from other housing options because they are the “only off-campus residence hall-style property,” in addition to on-site dining. Hall said Suites on Paseo will be managed by Campus Advantage, a company that helps students with rewarding living experiences. Amenities for Suites on Paseo include a brick oven bistro, a fitness center, a tanning room, pool tables and a theater. According to its website, the bistro offers a variety of food, from on-the-go snacks to freshly prepared meals to eat after class. Hall said the bistro will have an alternating menu to maintain a variety of options. Suites on Paseo offers individual lease payment to give students “peace of mind” when signing their leases to avoid financial responsibility for a roommate’s rent. This way, renters won’t have to worry about a roommate’s late payment. Hall said all utilities and meals are included in the lease, meaning residents only have to pay one bill each month. Both housing options will be available in the fall. For more information, visit liveatzuma.com and suitesonpaseo.com
coutresy of kevin martzolf
coutresy of kevin martzolf
FEATURES | 5
MONday, MAY 6, 2013 | Volume 99, issue 112
SDSU student documents fight for womenâ€™s rights spotlight
Arturo Garcia Staff Writer
A Moroccan girl named Amina Filali was raped at 16 years old. Her rapist married her to avoid prosecution. A year later, Filali committed suicide and her story made headlines around the world. San Diego State senior Nadir Bouhmouch found U.S. coverage of the event hollow and used his skills as a filmmaker to tell Filaliâ€™s story to the world. A television, film and new media production and international security and conflict resolution senior, Bouhmouch said his activism began in 2011 when the Arab spring rebellions arrived to his homeland of Morocco. His film is titled â€œ475: When Marriage Becomes Punishment.â€? Its name comes from the article of the Moroccan penal code used to dismiss Filaliâ€™s rapist of charges as long as he married her. Morocco repealed Article 475 earlier this year. â€œMany Moroccans were shocked that such a law existed,â€? Bouhmouch said. â€œThatâ€™s why there were so many protests.â€? Bouhmouch said the protests rose from the media attention surrounding Filaliâ€™s case. He said the coverage in the Middle East varied from sensationalizing the story to questioning if the rape had ever happened. Bouhmouch dismissed U.S coverage as â€œorientalist,â€? and he said it subliminally blamed the ruling on Islam. â€œThey presented her story as yet
another girl in a Muslim country being oppressed,â€? Bouhmouch said. An article in The Washington Post showed examples of two other cases that violated womenâ€™s rights, one in Saudi-Arabia and the other in Iran. Bouhmouch called this â€œorientalism,â€? or the idea of compressing a large region into a group of people. â€œIf Morocco is nearby Saudi Arabia, then Maine is nearby Portugal and San Diego is nearby Colombia,â€? Bouhmouch said. â€œThatâ€™s how far apart we are, and Iran is even further. Those two countries are not comparable to Morocco.â€? Bouhmouch said the protests after Filaliâ€™s case resulted in the abolishment of Article 475, but his film argues the changed law will not improve the situation because of the ruling patriarchal system. He blamed the judgeâ€™s interpretation of the law on patriarchy, claiming that patriarchy is the reason behind the condemnation of women who have sex outside of marriage. The film also presents other accounts of rape charges, which Bouhmouch discovered while researching and traveling to Filaliâ€™s village. Bouhmouch found a number of rape cases, which caused him to question a statistic of rape frequency in Morocco. â€œWithin Filaliâ€™s same village of 100 people, we found four other rape cases,â€? Bouhmouch said. â€œThe Moroccan government says there are 550 cases reported in the entire country.â€? The film â€œ475â€? also shows how a member of parliament who was part of the law change is also an al-
courtesy of nadir bouchmouch
leged rapist, who was sent to prison for contempt against a magistrate. â€œYou can change the law, but this stuff still happens,â€? Bouhmouch said. â€œThat person who made the decision to change the law is part of the problem itself.â€? His first film focused on the February 20 movement, a reactionary set of protests against the unfair arrest of two demonstrators with false claims of attacking Moroccan government forces. A self-described feminist, Bouhmouch returned to activist filmmaking with the wom-
enâ€™s rights story. â€œIt is important for men to be able to identify themselves as feminists because there is a huge difference between femininity and feminist,â€? Bouhmouch said. â€œIf you support womenâ€™s rights, you are immediately a feminist whether you deny it or not.â€? Bouhmouch said patriarchy drives these sorts of resolutions, and that the different treatment of men and women is evident even in school textbooks. He listed additional womenâ€™s rights issues in
Morocco, including the legality of polygamy. Currently, â€œ475â€? is nominated for an award given by Reporters Without Borders and Deutsche Welle radio for best social activism. Bouhmouch spoke about orientalism at TEDxSDSU at KPBS last year. He also gave other lectures, including a recent â€œ475â€? screening at Yale University. Before that, he traveled to Macalaster College for â€œAfrika! Week!,â€? and is headed to Lebanon after finals.
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6 | opinion
Volume 99, issue 112 | monday, may 6, 2013
Health education must include dating advice health
ithout a doubt, health is one of the most dreaded classes for many high school students. This class generally includes the basics of sex education and relationship education, in addition to general information enabling young adults to stay healthy. Part of this class teaches evaluation, identification and understanding what a healthy relationship is. However, this component of the California standards of education is not providing the necessary tools for young adults to engage in healthy relationships. California public education needs to include more emphasis on healthy relationships for the benefit of the many young adults just learning how to be a part of a romantic endeavor. I’ve seen too many people go through unhealthy relationships thinking they are completely normal. I’ve heard horror stories about stalking, forced activities, overreaching protectiveness, jealousy and other morally unsavory activities from a significant other. These types of behavior aren’t normal, and in some cases, not even legal. Yet many young adults either do not know these unwanted relationship activities are not part of normal, healthy relationships, or they feel they won’t receive help improving their relationship status. In a single year, almost 1.5 million young adults are subjected to physical abuse in romantic relationships, according to loveisrespect.org. That’s way too many young people who are abused by someone who supposedly cares for them. Dating shouldn’t cause health concerns or place an individual at risk of losing self-respect. “Vio-
lent relationships in adolescence can have serious ramifications by putting the victims at higher risk for substance abuse, eating disorders, risky sexual behavior and further domestic violence,” loveisrespect.org says. Abusive relationships are avoidable in many instances if people know what warning signs to look for, and recurring instances are preventable when people are aware of their personal rights. But if the abused person doesn’t know what to do about the recurring
violence, he or she may feel as if there are no other options. Here’s where public education should step up. If relationship abuse is avoidable, then the education system should equip young adults entering the dating scene with the tools for healthy relationships. Because relationships are part of many teenagers’ lives, the public education system should feel obligated to prepare young adults for yet another facet of their increasingly complicated lives.
“Learning to recognize the signs of mental abuse in a relationship can help prevent avoidable physical and emotional damage,” according to livestrong.com. A good relationship should start with just that—a relationship. A relationship isn’t always equal, fair or balanced, but it should be safe. If a person doesn’t feel safe in a romantic relationship, then it may be time to leave. If that person has no easy way of exiting the partnership in question, they may feel obligated to
ride it out, despite its destructive nature. By teaching young adults how to recognize or leave abusive relationships, we may be able to save some of those 1.5 million young people who are subjected to the cruel cycle of abuse and depression. It’s up to Californians to make sure future relationships in the Golden State remain healthy, happy and free from the risks of unhealthy interaction. —Staff columnist Kiersten Ridgel is a journalism junior
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opinion | 7
monday, may 6, 2013 | Volume 99, issue 112 from SANDAG page 1
SANDAG’s transportation plan mistakenly revolves around increasing highway infrastructure. Adding freeway lanes only increases traffic. Traffic forecasts projected by the County of San Diego report transportation will account for 66 percent of the county’s GHG emissions by 2050. These numbers conflict with California’s GHG emissions reduction mandate to lower emissions to below 80 percent of 1990’s level by 2050. Clearly, increasing the number of vehicles on our roads isn’t what Sacramento has in mind. Instead, SANDAG needs to expand public transportation, especially our limited trolley routes. It already has a plan to extend the trolley from Old Town to the University of California at San Diego. SANDAG needs to be bolder. UCSD shouldn’t be the northern end point for regional public transportation; Oceanside should be one of two new endpoints. While the Coaster travels to Oceanside, it’s expensive and the schedule is inconvenient. Extending the trolley to Oceanside offers a viable alternative to commuters frustrated with the daily Interstate 5 parking lot. SANDAG should also follow existing freeway corridors and extend the trolley to Escondido, which is currently connected to San Diego via bus routes only. Not to be outdone by SANDAG’s ineptitude, San Diego
County lost its own battle in San Diego Superior Court. Last month, Superior Court Judge Timothy Taylor ruled that the county’s plan to reduce GHG emissions was nothing more than a list of recommendations without bite. Once again, a government agency crafted a wide-ranging plan of action, but neglected to include an enforcement mechanism. Apparently, county officials believe residents and businesses will voluntarily save the planet. These policies ignore previous decades of environmental indifference. While 72 percent of voters express a desire for the county to lead GHG reduction, the same voters contribute to escalating GHG emissions. It’s a classic cry of constituents begging politicians to save them from themselves. The county concedes GHG emissions will rise 41 percent by 2035 if reduction mechanisms aren’t implemented. It’s the county’s job to develop, implement and enforce those mechanisms. Merely publicizing a super-glossy document isn’t going to spur residents into environmental magnanimity. They especially won’t voluntarily submit when a key component of the climate action plan carries significant financial cost. Energy emissions represent the second largest GHG emissions in the county, behind transportation emissions. Reducing energy emissions requires retrofits to improve energy efficiency within existing structures. CNNMoney. com reports retrofits costs $6,000
to $7,000 per structure. Property owners aren’t going to pay unless there’s a tangible benefit for them. Unfortunately, there isn’t an immediate tangible benefit. CNNMoney.com reports property owners might save as much as $100 per month in reduced utility costs after retrofit. But the savings disappear because of monthly loan repayments to retrofit contractors. Even the best GHG reduction plan will fail if
few can afford to install the necessary components. This is why the county needs help from federal and state governments. Government agencies must determine valid timelines to bring all existing properties into compliance while ensuring the availability of financial assistance. After that, the county must oversee compliance and establish substantial penalties for delinquent property owners. Last, the county must
insist that a minimum retrofit cost is included in the purchase price for all non-compliant properties placed on the market. Time is running out to get GHG emission reduction right. Government agencies must lead aggressively because true leadership often requires helping constituents do what they otherwise wouldn’t. —Staff columnist Mike Heral is a journalism junior
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The Boys and Girls Clubs of East County is currently hiring recreational aids working directly with youth in our community. For more information visit us at www.bgcec.org or e-mail your resume to firstname.lastname@example.org. Salary $8.50$10.50 per hour. __________________________________
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8 | BACKPAGE
Volume 99, issue 112 | MONday, MAY 6, 2013
The saga of Max Hammer fiction Andrew Scoggins Contributor
Max Hammer picked up the cigarette from the pool of pink hydraulic ooze leaking from the robot’s still-smoking innards. “So much for the element of surprise,” he thought as he shrugged and put the dampened cigarette between his lips. He pressed the redhot nose of his hand cannon to the end of the Marlboro, took a long drag and reholstered his weapon. Max scratched at his grizzled beard and scanned the sterile white hallway in front of him. He was just waiting for more of Dr. Dastard’s robo-death machines to come scuttling around some unseen corner. He was sure they would be coming after the earshattering boom of his Big Bertha. It was ear-shattering to most people, but Max wasn’t most people. He was Max Hammer, space bounty hunter, and Dr. Dastard wouldn’t get away this time. Still, the lack of activity set Max’s nerves on edge. He picked his steps carefully around the twitching robot mess before him; his black boots made no sound on the linoleum tile. Max pulled the tracker from his pocket and saw the same blinking homing beacon he planted on Dr. Dastard the night before. It was dead ahead through the gunmetal-gray door a few yards before him. But it couldn’t be this easy, could it? He pulled the thermite charges from the pockets of his jeans and stuck them to the door. With gritted teeth, Max thumbed the detonator and the door exploded violently inward. Ripping the pistol from his side, Max vaulted through what was left of the door into the rippling black smoke. “That’s far enough, Mr. Hammer,” a sneering voice called from the catwalk above him. “Unless you never want to see your lady love
again.” Max looked up and saw Lucy the bartender tied to some sort of platform situated above a giant vat of sizzling green acid. The entire room had the thick, rank stench of boiling mescaline. Max cocked his pistol and pointed it up at the sweaty, leering doctor. “Ah, ah, ah. You must make a choice, Hammer. You can either put your gun down, or watch as— boom!” His words were cut short by an ear-shattering crash as Bertha thundered in Max’s hand. The slug tore into the doctor’s shoulder and knocked him to the floor. The flashing yellow lights spun over the tank as Lucy slowly descended. “Ow, you were supposed to at least let me finish!” The doctor cried as he picked himself up off the grated floor and began limping toward the door to his right. “Figured it was one of them slow-killin’ machines you’re so fond of,” Max said as he sprinted up the stairs. “Glad it was so easy for you to make that decision,” Lucy said dryly as her platform slowly descended toward the toxic ooze. “Gah! No matter. Guards! Kill him! Kill him,” he shouted as the door closed behind him. The death robots began swarming through the doors on every side. Bertha’s high-caliber bullets tore fistsized holes through the mechanized terrors before the robots exploded into blue-orange flames. Max spun and fanned the firing pin as the gun bellowed again and again (reloading is for rookies). Bits of metal and gears stung Max’s already scarred face and distracted him from a robot that burst through the glass window behind him. It tackled him to the ground and swung its chain saw hand toward the center of Max’s forehead, while buzzing its strange insectoid robo-
talk. Max grunted and caught the blade between his hands, thrusting it out of the way before head-butting the robot off of him. Then he smashed his fist through the robot’s face and pulled out the gears and circuits as the warm pink ooze sprayed him. He turned and Bertha cut down the stragglers. “A little help here, Max?” Lucy asked, the acid only a few inches from her sneakers. Max fired a bullet that cut through Lucy’s rope and he hauled her out of the vat. The two jogged through the complex as a self-destruct timer (there’s always a self-destruct timer) began to sound a countdown. The seconds ticked by and they barely escaped before the entire facility exploded in a massive fireball. The doctor flew over their heads in a hovercraft. “You may have bested me this time, Hammer, but you’ll never stop the zombies! The space zombies!” He cried as he sped off into the air. “Zombies?” Lucy asked. “It’s always something,” Max said, as he lit another cigarette. “I wish he’d figure out that you’re married. I’m getting a bit tired of this damsel in distress business.” “Ah, what are you going to do? Evil scientists will be evil scientists,” Max shrugged. He got on his motorcycle and it roared to life. “Hey you want to come by the bar for a drink?” Lucy asked. “Nah, it’s Wednesday. Nancy’s cooking meat loaf,” Max replied. “Well, OK then.” Lucy said. She began to turn, but then spun back around. “Oh, something else Max?” “Shoot,”he said. “You’re my hero,” she said snidely. Max smiled, “I ain’t no hero, baby doll. Just a man trying to make a livin’ being a space bounty hunter,” Lucy smiled back at him and he sped off into the Martian night.
by Nancy Black, Tribune Media Services
Today’s Birthday (5/6/13) - Ease with money management, aided by a windfall, allows for profit. Take advantage and squirrel it away. Studies and research bring adventures after that, while networks unveil new doors. Strengthen old partnerships, even as intriguing characters enter. Teamwork provides greatest impact, and service feeds your soul. To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Aries (March 21 - April 19) - Today is an 8 You’re more confident. Somebody else’s crazy idea inspires you. Confront old fears. Come up with a plan and dive into action. Postpone travel or launching. Be open for miracles. Taurus (April 20 - May 20) - Today is an 8 - Clarify your direction with friends. Encourage creative thinking. Contemplate potential outcomes. Your views change concerning group membership. You don’t need to spend your savings on trinkets. Apply intuition to the problem. Gemini (May 21 - June 21) - Today is an 8 - Rest and gain clarity. There could be a disagreement about priorities or a difficult situation. Follow a prosperous hunch. These days are good for travel; set sail on a new course. Cancer (June 22 - July 22) - Today is a 9 - Practice makes perfect in the coming phase. You have what it takes. Do the harder job first. Keep the faith, even with an unexpected development. Avoid arguing with your partner. Let off steam after. Leo (July 23 - Aug. 22) - Today is a 7 Conditions look good for travel and romance. Financial modesty is appealing. Review your holdings, and do some long-range planning. You may need to turn down a request or cut spending to hit the target.
Virgo (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22) - Today is an 8 - Do your own research, and prepare to negotiate carefully. Review financial arrangements. There’s a breakthrough regarding service. In a moment of confusion, ask for help. Encourage creativity. Congratulate yourself. Libra (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22) - Today is a 9 - A partner comes to the rescue, and together you stir things up. Negotiations resume, with brilliant insight. Imagine perfection. Review details: some targets have become superfluous. Network for better results. Discover a talent. Scorpio (Oct. 23 - Nov. 21) - Today is a 9 A colleague demands your time now. Let your subconscious mind help. Quiet your natural curiosity, and listen for a startling discovery. You have the power. Get a lot done today and tomorrow. Sagittarius (Nov. 22 - Dec. 21) - Today is a 9 - This phase is reserved for fun. Don’t let recent successes distract. You have things to take care of at home. Life is getting a whole lot easier. Capricorn (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19) - Today is an 8 - Focus on home and family. You can see multiple ways to solve problems. Apply that ability to improving the quality of your environment. Keep a secret. Enjoy it together. Aquarius (Jan. 20 - Feb. 18) - Today is a 9 - Study and practice. You thrive doing what you love. You don’t have as much as you think you do because you’re so generous. Resist the temptation to give it all away. Pisces (Feb. 19 - March 20) - Today is a 9 - This week is good for making money. Focus on finances for insight. In a stroke of genius, discover savings or a new income opportunity and follow through. Don’t share about it, yet. ©2013, TRIBUNE MEDIA SERVICES INC.
by The Mepham Group, Tribune Media Services
Difficulty Level: 1 out of 4 Instructions: Complete the grid so each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9. Solutions available online at www.thedailyaztec.com ©2013, TRIBUNE MEDIA SERVICES INC.
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Across 1 Soak up like a sponge 7 Iranian leader toppled in 1979 11 Chicago transit trains 14 “Hear hear!” 15 Roll down the runway 16 Accessory with a muumuu 17 Kind of deli roll 18 Squadron, e.g. 19 Bedevil 20 Blew a fortune 23 Twittering bird 25 Affectionate squeezes 26 Bat mitzvah scroll 27 Comedian’s asset 28 Comedian’s bit 29 “Consarn it!” 30 Emcee’s opening 32 User trying to get through a firewall 35 Prim and proper sort 39 Stretch (out), like a dog in the heat 40 Burning crime 42 Major blood lines 45 Letters on a tinkerer’s kit 47 Email attachment format 48 See-through 49 Utopia 51 Face-to-face exam 52 Protector of the president 55 Bi- minus one 56 Close margin at the track 57 “__ Fideles”: carol 60 Mohawk-sporting muscleman 61 “The Wind in the Willows” hero 62 “Hold your horses, will ya?” 63 Watch closely 64 “The __ the limit!” 65 Emphatic refusal, and words that precede the ends of 20-, 35- and 52-Across in a restaurant warning Down 1 Pose, as a question 2 Poser’s neckwear 3 Heel type named for a dagger
/ THEDailyAztec by Rich Norris & Joyce Lewis, Tribune Media Services
Solutions available online at www.thedailyaztec.com 4 Welles of “Citizen Kane” 5 Is sorry about 6 “Big” 23-Down cannon 7 Hurt, like a barb 8 Underwear brand 9 Revolving point 10 Calls it a night 11 “Mistress of the Dark” film hostess 12 Ogle 13 Trivial Pursuit wedges, vis-à-vis the whole pie 21 Should, informally 22 Lugosi’s genre 23 Conflict that ended Nov. 11, 1918 24 Phone sound 28 Christening VIPs 29 Gives a thumbs-up 31 Roll call listing 33 “How adorable!”
34 More chilly 36 Age abbr. 37 Barista’s concoction 38 Jerk’s concoction 41 Niners’ org. 42 Presuppose 43 Storywriter known for irony 44 Quote by rote 46 To no avail 49 Test answer in a blue book 50 Scouts do good ones 51 Watery expanse 53 Stole 54 SSN, for example 58 X on a sundial 59 “The Name of the Rose” author Umberto
Volume 99, Issue 112