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I WANTYOU Fall 2016 Volume V, Issue 1

TO BE INFORMED -C&G2016 ELECTION EDITION


TABLE OF CONTENTS

04 06 08 14 16 18

HIES PICKS

I AM WHO I AM

24

STANCE AT A GLANCE

BOUNDARY BREAKING BUSINESSES

THE GREAT DIVIDE

FALL INTO FUN

QUESTIONS FOR JOHN ROBERTS

MOCK ELECTION RESULTS

POLITICALLY (IN) CORRECT

ROUNDTABLE

PARENTAL ADVISORY CONTENT

GOLDEN BEAR QUESTIONNAIRE

YES/NO

34

MILLENNIALS ARE NOT VOTING

SANDY SPRINGS POLICE

EDITORIAL POLICY Fall 2016 | C&G | 2

#TAGGING16

26 30 32

36 40

INSIDE AN IMMIGRANTS’ JOURNEY

10 12 20 22

C&G is a student publication published for the Holy Innocents’ Episcopal School community. All opinions expressed in this publication are those of the individual author, and do not necessarily reflect those of the entire journalism staff or those of Holy Innocents’ Episcopal School. The C&G staff seeks to accurately report news, ideas and events relevant to our readership in a professional and unbiased manner. All content is controlled and edited by staff advisors and editors. The staff will only publish legally protected speech that abide by the legal definitions of libel, obscenity and the invasion of privacy. a


EDITORS’ NOTE

As a staff, we make an effort to work towards reporting timely and relevant content. So, we decided to make a special feature centering around politics. Everyone can surely agree that this election is one to be remembered; whether that be for good reasons or bad, we are still unsure. Currently, it seems this election has been more like a reality TV show than a respectable platform where candidates share opinions. So, we felt a duty to inform the HIES community on the issues we believe matter most about the candidates- their policies. Our objective for this issue is to present all sides’ opinions on the controversial topics that mold our country into the world leader it is. To achieve this goal, we not only researched candidates’ opinions, but sought out student and faculty input as well. We believe that students’ voices deserve to be heard, and even if they cannot vote, their opinion matters. a

STAFF Editors-in-Chief GRACE SIZEMORE CORINNA WADE

Feature Writer/ Multimedia Writer SYDNEY GREEN

Managing Editor SARAH KALLIS CLAIRE SIMMEL

Photojournalist SPICER LEAR

Associate Editor CADE ANDERSON

Visual Designer LIBBY MALCOLM

Staff Writers SAM AIKEN Section Editor SHEPHERD BRIDGES GRACEN BETTS SHEA FLEMING OLIVIA MARTIN Trending Entertainment Writer TIANA MOMON ANNA CARR HANKS ETHAN MULLEN MILLER REID KATIE LITTLE

SOCIAL MEDIA

f i t

THECANDG

@THECANDG

@THECANDG

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HIES PICKS

Recommendations for students by students. GRACE SIZEMORE, co-editor in chief

TV SHOWS margaret o’neal, senior

Zoo shay sweat, junior

Empire

SOCIAL MEDIA kamryn harley, sophomore

@Logic301 preston cross, junior

@jakepitsbvb bennett baugus, sophomore

@30secondrock Fall 2016 | C&G | 4


COFFEE SHOPS catherine shamanski, freshman

Rev Coffee Roasters evan hunter, sophomore

Dancing Goats andie miles, freshman

Copper Coin

RESTAURANTS dylan jones, sophomore

Great Wall jackson pellegrini, senior

Porch Light 5


Boundary-Breaking

businesses

companies that push boundaries and fight for a specific cause. This issue: Fair Trade SARAH KALLIS, managing editor

Ben and Jerry’s The Lowdown: All cocoa, vanilla and coffee beans used in Ben and Jerry’s adventurous ice cream flavors are fair-trade certified ingredients. Additionally, the company is committed to protecting the environment by their transparent efforts found on their website. Ideal for: Dessert night with friends Where you can find it: most grocery stores

Zhena’s The lowdown: The California-based tea company makes innovative flavors, such as Coconut Chai, with ingredients from all over the world. Committed to protecting the rights of people and the environment, Zhena only uses ethically sourced tea leaves. Ideal for: Warm beverages in cold months Where you can find it: Publix/Whole Foods

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XOCOLATL The lowdown: After living in Costa Rica and witnessing cacao farming first-hand, XOCOLATL founders Elaine Read and Matt Weyandt moved back to Atlanta to produce small-batch, ethically sourced chocolate. Their vegan and gluten free chocolate only uses two ingredients: sugar and cacao. Ideal for: A healthy sweet tooth indulgence Where you can find it: Krog Street Market

KrocHet Kids The lowdown: Krochet Kids is a clothing company that employs vulnerable women in poverty-stricken parts of the world. Through this company, the women make the clothes and earn wages that allow them to support themselves and their families. Ideal for: Socially conscious and aesthetically pleasing apparel Where you can find it: krochetkids.org

Brash Coffee The lowdown: The Westside’s hip new coffee house is committed to rights of people, and its owners frequently visit the coffee plantations to ensure that workers are being treated well. Brash Coffee also cares about the environment, conducting business in a converted shipping container. Ideal for: An ethical caffeine boost Where you can find it: Westside Provisions 7


Fall into FUN

ANNA CARR HANKS, feature writer GRACEN BETTS, section editor KATIE LITTLE, contributing writer

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Holiday Live Entertainment Festivals Other

OCTOBER

S M T W T F S 2 9 16 23 30

3 10 17 24 31

4 5 6 7 11 12 13 14 18 19 20 21 25 26 27 28

1 8 15 22 29

Sia (11/1) Kelsea Ballerini (11/2) Superhero Run (11/5) Chastain Park Arts Festival (11/5-11/6) Fitz and the Tantrums and Bams Courtney (11/7) Elle King (11/8) Ingrid Michaelson (11/9) Botanical Holiday Lights (11/12-1/7/17) Christmas at Stone Mountain (11/12-1/1/17) The Fray and American Authors (11/13) Brothers Osborne (11/17) Troye Sivan (11/18) Tree Lighting at Atlantic Station (11/19) The 1975 (11/22) The Naked and Famous (11/22) Thanksgiving Race (11/24) Dirty Dancing (play) (11/25-27)

Netherworld (9/23-11) Six Flags Halloween (10/1-10/31) Mac Miller (10/17) Hot-air-balloon Festival (10/21-10/22) Dog-Friendly Music Festival (10/23) Atlanta Race (10/23) Alessia Cara (10/25) Saint Motel and Hippo Campus (10/28) Eli Young Band (10/28) Adele (10/29)

NOVEMBER

S M T W T F S 6 13 20 27

7 14 21 28

1 8 15 22 29

2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 16 17 18 19 23 24 25 26 30

DECEMBER

S M T W T F S 4 5 6 7 11 12 13 14 18 19 20 21 25 26 27 28

1 2 3 8 9 10 15 16 17 22 23 24 29 30 31

Christmas Lights at Callaway Gardens (11/18-12/31) Nutcracker (12/2-12/24) Ugly Sweater Run (12/3) Children’s Christmas Parade (12/3) Green Market in Piedmont (12/10) Jingle Ball Concert (12/16) Chick-Fil-a Bowl (12/31) New Years Eve Midtown (12/31)

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#Tagging16

News stories amplified by social media.

SYDNEY GREEN, feature writer MILLER REID, staff writer design, LIBBY MALCOLM

#

BlackLivesMatter

After the tragic deadly shooting of 5 Texas police officers in July 2016, Louisiana State Representative Lance Harris created the House Bill 953 (aka. Blue Lives Matter). Blue Lives Matter would become the first state law in the nation to add law enforcement officers, firefighters, and emergency medical services personnel to a list of identities protected under a hate crime statute.

# #

BlueLivesMatter

AllLivesMatter

#

Hailed as the rallying cry for the new Civil Rights movement, #BlackLivesMatter emerged as a prevalent social movement in 2016. Activists coined the phrase after George Zimmerman was acquitted in the killing of Trayvon Martin.

Created in response to #BlackLivesMatter, #AllLivesMatter has been accused of removing focus from the specific grievances of black Americans killed by police. Rather than bringing people together, #AllLivesMatter has created backlash for users, no matter their intent.

MichelleVsMelania At the 2016 Republican National Convention, Melania Trump was accused of plagiarizing Michelle Obama’s 2008 Democratic National Convention speech. Trump’s speech writer, Rick Gates, greatly denies these plagiarism accusations.

Fall 2016 | C&G | 10

#

Dumptrump Eve Ensler started #DumpTrump movement in an effort to dissuade people to vote for Donald Trump. Furthermore, she states the mission for the hashtag is “to end hatred, fear mongering, bullying, and racism in America”.


In 2016, Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump coined #CrookedHillary as a nickname for his Democratic party rival, Hillary Clinton. #CrookedHillary is used to express public sentiment of distrust toward Hillary Clinton.

# #

Crookedhillary

justiceforharambe

#

Towards the end of the 2016 Rio Olympic games, swimmers Ryan Lochte, Jack Conger, Jimmy Feigen, and Gunnar Bentz were on their way back to the Olympic Village. After visiting a nightclub, they claimed they were robbed at gunpoint. It was later revealed that the U.S. swimmers lied and actually vandalized a gas station bathroom, resulting in a confrontation with Brazilian authorities.

Lochtegate

#

In May 2016, a child fell into a gorilla enclosure at the Cincinnati Zoo. Harambe, a gorilla in the enclosure, began to drag the child. In an attempt to save the child’s life, zookeepers shot and killed the gorilla, resulting in an Internet uproar and the creation of #JusticeforHarambe.

Prayfororlando On June 2016, citizens of the United Kingdom voted on a referendum that determined if the UK would remain in the European Union. It passed with 52 percent voting to exit the EU and 48 percent voting to remain. Following the decision, the former Prime Minister, David Cameron, resigned. In response, #Brexit, a portmanteau word combining ‘British’ and ‘exit’, was formed.

# Brexit

On June 12, 2016, an active shooter entered Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando and proceeded to target innocent civilians, killing 49. #PrayforOrlando was created to increase awareness to offer condolences to the families affected by the deadliest mass shooting in American history.

10 11


GOLDEN BEAR

QUESTIONNAIRE SHEA FLEMING, staff writer TIANA MOMON, staff writer

Hometown? I’m from Atlanta. Current Role at HI: I am the 9th grade student council president. Sports and stuff too? I am a cheerleader for the JV football and basketball team. Preferred Campus Shop Snack? I usually get Goldfish or Powerade, blue Powerade. Most marked characteristic? ...Maybe like my sense of humor or something. If you could spend three days anywhere in the world, where would it be? Probably Lake Burton, it’s like my favorite place. Favorite motto? ...Right now my favorite is “Treat Yo’ Self” from Parks and Rec. Happiest moment of your life? Probably...When I got my puppy. Who is your favorite hero in reality? Beyoncé What is your most treasured possession? My most treasured possession is probably this necklace that I got from my grandmother, and it’s really special to me. Quality that you value most in your friends? Definitely someone I can laugh with and someone I can confide in and trust...Just have a good time with.

Fall 2016 | C&G | 12

If you could die and come back as somebody else, who would it be? Beyoncé, of course! Greatest fear? Small spaces definitely. Favorite sound? ...The bubbles on the packing stuff, when you pop it. Favorite smell? The Jo Malone perfume. Like the peony and blush suede one, that’s my favorite scent ever, and I’ve always used that one. As a child, what did you want to be when you grew up? I’ve always wanted to be a doctor and I still do. Some kind of doctor, I don’t really know which one yet. Biggest quirk? Probably my love for Star Wars and my nerdiness, cause I definitely have that, and Harry Potter too. Who would you want to play your character in a movie? Amy Poehler. Biggest pet peeve? Oh, that’s a hard one, but I hate when people take plastic water bottles and ...take the wrappers off of them. I don’t know why, but it just bothers me. What is the last text you sent? I sent “ok” in a groupchat with my friends. Any superstitions? ...Not really. I never like to walk under ladders and get freaked out with bad luck and breaking mirrors. I kind of believe in Karma a little bit, like bad things happen to bad people. I don’t know.

Patton

Mooney

Freshmen Class president


Hometown? Atlanta, Georgia but I’ve been living in Nashville for the last 5 years. Current Role at HI: I am the upper-school counselor, and that means I provide social/ emotional support to all of our upper-school students. Preferred Campus Shop Snack:? I’ve been good about not going in there too much, but any kind of candy is going to call my name. Most marked characteristic? I’m a good listener, and I bring a really genuine sense of curiosity about people. I’m just really interested to know more about the people around me. If you could spend three days anywhere in the world, where would it be? I studied abroad in Italy; I would probably go back to Italy. Favorite motto? So I have a favorite poem. I don’t know the entire thing by heart but it is called “The Summer Day” by Mary Oliver. The last line of it is, “Tell me what is it you plan to do with your one wild and precious life.” So that line was one that I just think it’s a neat question to consider at different times of life. And it’s a reminder that we get a say in what we’re doing here. Happiest moment of your life? I think finishing grad school and getting my first paid job… I was really happy. Who is your favorite hero in reality? I guess I would say… as far as someone I know, my mom. She’s a really strong woman who knows what she believes and stands for. Also, she has a really caring and kind heart. Then there’s an author, her name is Glenen Doyle Milton, and she’s written a memoir and is a blogger. She kind of epitomizes the power of vulnerability to me. Also, I like connecting to her by the words she’s been willing to share. Quality that you value most in your friends? Their loyalty, and people who are there for you in good times and bad.

If you could die and come back as somebody else, who would it be? My parents dogs, they’re so spoiled. They have the best lives. I would definitely choose their lives. Greatest fear? I think losing anybody close to me before I would expect to. Favorite sound? I love the sound of dogs’ nails on the floor. Favorite smell? My favorite smell is clean laundry. As a child, what did you want to be when you grew up? I wanted to be a vet, and I have a memory of asking our like family’s vet, “Do you have to tell people their dogs are going to die?” And he said, “umm yeah sometimes you have to.” I was like I don’t think I want to be a vet. Biggest quirk? I know all of the words to “Welcome to Atlanta”. Do y’all know that rap? It’s kind of old school. It’s by Ludacris. So like Ludacris, “Welcome to Atlanta”, I can rap the entire thing. Who would you want to play your character in a movie? This would be a bit younger version of myself, but I guess it would be Emma Watson. Biggest pet peeve? When people crack their gums, you know when they make like tiny little bubbles, and it’s like crack crack in the back of their mouth. What is the last text you sent? I think, to my mom. Her neighbors got goats and she sent me a picture of them.

Katie

Sturniolo

UPPER school counselor

Any superstitions? Not really any big superstitions, but I’m a big Georgia football fan so like no jinxing the dogs on game day. We don’t talk about them losing or what bad things could happen to them. Only positive vibes.

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I AM WHO I AM

SYDNEY GREEN, feature writer design, CORINNA WADE

Fall 2016 | C&G | 14


W

With the importance of family playing a central role in his life, Bailey unconditionally cherishes his time at home surrounded by loved ones. “Having my wife, my family, [and] my kids is nothing I apologize for,” said Bailey.

ith a warm welcome from students, faculty, staff, and administration, Chaplain Ricardo Bailey confidently struts down the halls of HIES. After just a few months on campus, Bailey feels encouraged in his new role as Head Chaplain and Upper School Chaplain at HIES.

With the continuous inspiration from his family, Bailey grows to appreciate his time with them even more. He has attained great insight of knowing that his family holds him to a higher accountability. In addition, Bailey’s family expects the same strength, fervor, and drive that he gives at work to be given to them as well.

Father Bailey always knew he wanted to be a priest. As the former Assistant Priest at Holy Spirit Catholic Church, he never considered becoming a chaplain until he was asked by the Archbishop of Atlanta.

“It’s a blessing, it’s a challenge, [and] it’s also a profound experience that helps me to look at what really matters in life and to re-evaluate how I’m living my life,” Bailey continues, “My relationship with God with my conformity daily to God’s will with having God help me to see understand and appreciate the gift of my family… and then from there to look at how God and family equips me and helps me to be a better priest, to be someone who is constantly trying to discern God’s will and trying to make God’s will a profound importance in my life day in and day out.”

Bailey did not want to give up his love for working with the elderly, working in a parish, or the feeling of freedom. He felt that young kids were a trip, spoiled, and would not listen, making his life as a priest a stressful one. Although Bailey did not want to work with students, his time at Blessed Trinity helped him to grow as a man, as a Christian - spiritually, intellectually and socially. “It took me out of the comfort zone that I had created for myself and to really be vulnerable to the needs of those who were in need,” said Bailey.

“I love life and I think that’s a characteristic that many people see in me.”

And what makes this man so charismatic?

“I’m just a human being like anybody else. I love life and I think that’s a characteristic that many people see in me, that I am who I am, but at the same time being who I am should not be a stumbling block for you and I to celebrate who you are. And I think that’s the thing I bring to the table,” said Bailey.

Father Ricardo Bailey

In the years before becoming a chaplain, Bailey’s faith was tested “big time”. In 2009, Bailey prayed and made the decision to leave the Roman Catholic Church and priesthood because he wanted to start a family of his own. “People were disappointed… [because] they saw the potential in me being a good priest in the church,” Bailey continues to say, “... I pray that they can see first and foremost not only that I’m happy and that I feel that I am really doing God’s will, but God doesn’t make any mistakes and if you really step out in faith and allow God to use you, and I mean really use you, miracles will happen.”

At the end of the day, Chaplain Ricardo Bailey is not the stereotypical chaplain, but is as an enigma of what people may expect - he has piercings and tattoos, loves rap music, and watches the BET Awards and Love & Hip-Hop. In his lifetime, Father Bailey hopes to pass on the value of hard work to his family. He believes that above all, faith in God and really trusting in God even when it seems like other things really don’t make any sense is absolutely necessary. a

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Fall 2016 | C&G | 16


2016 ELECTION EDITION

18

Questions for the man who asks the questions

20 22 24 26

The Roundtable: Gun Control Yes/No: Should voters be required to show photo identification Stance at a Glance The Results are in

30

Politically (in) correct

32

Parental Censorship

34

Millenials are... Not Voting

36 40

Inside an Immigrant’s Journey Good Cop, Bad Rep

17


Questions for The Man Who Asks the Questions

Fox News Channel’s John Roberts gives insight on the life of a political reporter. OLIVIA MARTIN, staff writer design, LIBBY MALCOLM

John Roberts, FOX News Channel’s senior national correspondent, can be found reporting this year’s presidential election on FOX News. For his coverage over the years, Roberts has been awarded a New York Press Club Award, multiple National Emmy Awards, and a National Headliner Award. Covering topics from the death of Princess Diana in ‘97 to the crisis on the border of Israel and Lebanon in ‘06, he is a decorated and versatile reporter. Believe it or not, Roberts is also a member of the Sandy Springs community who provides a glimpse of what it is really like to be up close and personal with the presidential candidates.

Fall 2016 | C&G | 18


1

What made you want to become a reporter? It was when I was growing up in the 1960s. There were so many ground-shaking events happening. The Kennedy assassination, the Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War, the space race. Every night I was glued to the screen watching Walter Cronkite. Way back then, something clicked in me that said "I want to do that.”

What are the differences in your job during a campaign? In a non-election year, I’ll do a lot of jumping around between different stories. One day I’ll be covering a hurricane, the next a trial, the next a labor dispute. During an election, I’ll be focused on a single story the campaign. But there are many different aspects to it. One day I’ll be reporting on the economy, the next on the military, the next on taxes and the next on health care or Social Security. I have to know a lot about a lot of things. Another aspect that makes an election year so different is the long hours and constant travel. One morning, I’ll be in New York, then in Los Angeles later that day, then heading to Florida at noon the next day. Some weeks, we only get 8 hours sleep for the entire week. There are a lot of sleepless nights on the campaign trail.

4

5

2

3 John Roberts

What is it like to get to meet the candidates and hear from them firsthand? It’s a terrific honor to have a front-row seat to history. The challenge for me is to get the candidates off their talking points. They usually have three or four things that they want to say. My goal is to get responses that they haven’t pre-prepared.

How many of your questions are improvisation as opposed to prepared beforehand? It depends. I generally go into an interview with some topics that I want to discuss. But I listen closely to what the candidates are saying and will often ask an off-the-cuff follow-up or a brand new question that I hadn’t thought of ahead of time based on what they say. Do you have any tips for staying objective? Always maintain a healthy distance from the campaigns. During the primary campaign, it’s pretty easy because we jump around to so many different candidates - though I find we do develop better relationships with the staff of some campaigns than others. During the general election, I’m immersed in a single candidate, so I’m in constant contact with the same group of people. Campaigns on occasion punish reporters by withholding access if they write s negative story. I just tell the campaign to remember that they won’t like everything that I report, but that I will always be fair.

What is the hardest part of your job? The most rewarding? The hardest part is the travel and the hours - and staying ahead of everything that’s happening with campaign news. I try to report what is ABOUT to happen, rather than what has already happened. The most rewarding part is knowing that you are among a very small group of individuals who get to do this. Also - when our Fox viewers come up to me and say how much they appreciate our coverage. That’s the absolute best part!

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THE

ROUNDTABLE

& asks six COMMUNITY MEMBERS to weigh in on a The C&G single topic. This ISSUE:

GUN CONTROL Fall 2016 | C&G | 20


Gun control is a serious topic today in our country and I think people are scared. As a result, people see guns as the problem; however, guns are not the problem. We don’t need to make it harder for law-abiding people to obtain guns; they are not the ones who should suffer. They need their protection. People kill people - guns don’t kill people. If I had the incentive to kill somebody, but I didn’t have my gun, that wouldn’t stop me from doing what I want to do. When you take guns away, sure gun violence may decrease, but violence with other weapons will increase. Also, criminals will always have the black market to obtain guns illegally. As result of banning guns, law abiding citizens could not acquire a gun to protect themselves against gun carrying criminals. In my opinion, it is absurd to make gun ownership more difficult for lawabiding citizens. We must protect our 2nd amendment right. People who follow the law should and must have the right to own a weapon for the purpose of protection. Do not blame guns. Blame the people who do the crime.

Personally, as a gun-owning citizen, I believe in the right for individuals to “keep and bear arms”. I believe that guns are necessary for protection (which is why I own mine) as well as recreational purposes – like hunting. Guns are not toys. I would not buy or use a gun without knowing what could happen if not used properly. I’ve had some training and I will do more in order to be a responsible, knowledgeable gun owner. Should there be “gun control”? There are already so many laws on the books today that are intended to prevent gun violence. I think the whole issue boils down to mental health and figuring out who the bad guys are or who the biggest threat to our safety is. If you can figure out who these people are – whether that’s through psychological tests, background checks or another form of technology (without invading privacy) then, in my opinion that will be more effective. Because the 2nd Amendment is an individual right, you have to look at each case individually to determine what to do to solve the problems we have with violence.

KYLE BLASINGAME

THOMAS MCKENZIE

As a 16 year old, I’ve had to attend school and driving lessons; we have been taught that cars are potentially lethal. Cars have the ability to kill, and for that reason, we have to learn how to properly drive. Guns, however, are a different story. Even though guns are actually made to hurt or kill people, federal law does not require such rigorous testing and licensing. It is pretty easy to purchase guns with a background check that can take mere minutes, only denying 1 percent of purchasers. There should be a much more thorough background check for people purchasing a gun. I am by no means saying that all ownership should be banned, but simply put: some people cannot be trusted. Guns for hunting, target practice, and maybe something for protection at home is fine, but I can find no circumstances where it is okay for a civilian to own an assault rifle. Ultimately, it is my firm belief is that there needs to be a more thorough process to obtain guns, preventing certain people from ownership. There have been enough incidents and unnecessary deaths involving these weapons. Change is necessary and it starts here.

The Second Amendment states, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” I support this right. However, I do not support this right without a healthy dose of common sense. There should be rational regulations governing the purchase of firearms and limitations as to the type of “arms” being acquired. There should be parameters regarding the purchase of firearms. For instance, anyone purchasing a gun should be required to go through a comprehensive background check. Also, every method of purchase should require these comprehensive checks, including gun shows and the Internet. If you don’t pass the background test, then you can’t buy the gun. Also, the type of “arms” available to the public should be limited. There is a reason that the public can’t legally buy surface to air missiles and shouldn’t be able to buy fully automatic weapons. The fact is that guns do kill people. According to the CDC, around 33,000 people are killed due to injury by firearms and reports show that in 2015 there were 372 mass shootings in the U.S. While it is our right to own a firearm, we should work hard to ensure we also protect people’s right to live.

ANNIE SAGER

MIKE PLANT

In addition to playing left wing on my high school’s field hockey team, I was a member of the school’s rifle team, so I know the fun of going to the range and tearing up a target. In spite of my experience with guns, I am adverse to the idea that every American should be toting some kind of weapon on his or her hip. We need to make sense of the current insanity that monopolizes the evening news. Just because the Second Amendment says that we have the right to “bear arms,” it does not mean that there shouldn’t be restrictions placed on gun ownership. When I read about school shootings, I am horrified that the shooter typically has assault weapons and enough ammunition to start a small war. What is wrong here? Who needs a military-type assault weapon that only has one purpose – to kill as many people as possible. I believe we must limit the purchase of high capacity clips and disallow the sale of assault rifle in every venue, including gun shows. The Second Amendment further states that the purpose of an armed citizenry is to have a prepared militia, so let’s make sure gun owners are prepared by requiring intensive training and stiffer ownership requirements. It is time.

We don’t value human life the way we used to. But America doesn’t have a gun problem. America has a heart problem. Until we as a nation honestly address that issue, violent crime – gun or otherwise – will be a problem. Gun control won’t fix that. Criminals don’t care about gun-control regulations. There’s a reason why they’re criminals. The cities with the worst gun violence all have strict gun regulations. Greater firearm restrictions solve nothing. Weakening the Second Amendment, the whole point of which is to defend the populace from an over-reaching government, would undermine the First Amendment. And if a people can’t protect their rights – forcefully, if necessary – they have no recourse when they’re taken away. Full disclosure: I conceal-carry when I’m off campus. And I’d willingly carry on campus, if given permission to help protect this campus. Nearly 70,000 cases of firearm-aided self-defense are reported every year (Violence Policy Center), more than double the number of gun deaths (CDC, 2013), 75 percent of which are suicides. Additional gun control merely inhibits law-abiding Americans from protecting themselves and their loved ones. Want to decrease gun violence? Start by stressing the sanctity of human life, not by restricting the rights of those of us who already do. BEN DESANTIS

MELODY CANNON

21


should VOTERS be required to show photo identification?

Fall 2016 | C&G | 22


YES

ETHAN MULLEN, staff writer The underlying principle of democracy is the citizens’ ability to decide their leaders. Voter fraud threatens Americans who want to remain true to the ideas that this country was founded on. If people illegitimately use flaws of the system to their advantage, this country will lose its foundation, and we need to patch the loopholes to secure the voting processes of our country. The 2016 election, so far, has been one of the most contended elections in history, and I’m guessing one of the most I will see in my lifetime. People to the left and to the right seem so far apart in their views as they are portrayed. On both sides, there are strong proponents, and even strong opponents to both candidates. The only way to unite this country under one leader is through a true, fair election. At one Trump rally, Trump stated that “crooked Hillary” would rig the election to win. “The only way we can lose, in my opinion, I really mean this, Pennsylvania, is if cheating goes on,” he said. We, as a country, cannot give credence to this outlandish suggestion, which is derogatory towards the integrity of the American people. The easiest, cheapest, and most effective way to enforce voting integrity is by requiring a photo ID. Although the constitution specify the necessity of identification in elections, states have the power to write their own laws and bills that affect voting issues. In Georgia, voters are required to show voter ID, which can be a photo ID, driver’s license

(which may be expired), government ID, U.S. passport, military ID, tribal ID, or school ID. If the voter does not have an ID, he or she can get a voter ID for free at the County Registrar’s office or the Department of Drivers services. Although it takes a little time, the vast amount of resources on the internet helps voters get the information they need with just a few clicks. In Georgia, the process of receiving a voter ID is relatively straightforward. Only a few documents are required to get a voter ID. If you are voting in the election, you should meet all of the requirements they ask and be able to prove it through simple documents such as bills, insurance statements, and a birth certificate. If you are a legal citizen with proper documentation, this should not be a problem. Ultimately, voting procedure is up to the states. More and more states are increasing voting regulations; in 2016, 14 states have new restrictions (such as photo ID or reductions to early/absentee voting) for the first time. This totals to 20 states, which have had restrictions since 2010. Especially for the 2016 presidential election, we shouldn’t have to question the veracity of the results we receive. By requiring photo ID, the elections will be more secure and citizens will be more content with the results.

NO

JAYLEE DAVIS, contributing writer If it isn’t broken, why fix it? In my opinion, Photo IDs should not be a criterion for citizens during the voting process. A photo to prevent potential fraud may seem harmless, but in truth, obtaining such identification is tedious and greatly unneeded, considering alternative methods of identification already exist, like the voter registration certificates that were accepted previously. This roadblock proves itself when observing the phenomenon among African American, elderly, Hispanic, impoverished, and relatively young voters. According to one study by the Brennan University of Law, 18 percent of seniors and 25 percent of African Americans lack the photo identification required to even register. Photo ID consists of a simple driver’s license in most cases, but if the circumstances are examined in their context, it is clear why acquiring photo ID is challenging for many. Seniors, young adults, racial minorities, and the impoverished usually do not own a valid driver’s license, since they are usually dependent of other family members who drive,or use public transportation. If they owned a driver’s license before, it probably expired and limited funds prevents renewal. Furthermore, legal documents are essential to the initial process, many of which were never issued to individuals because of their conditions upon birth. Denying people a civil right because they do not possess a plastic card, irrelevant to their daily life, is highly unreasonable.

Not only do photo IDs place unfair limitations on an underrepresented group of individuals, political debate and bias is created from the entire ordeal. Since these minority populations mainly vote democratic, the Democratic Party strongly opposes any photo ID laws imposed on citizens. The Grand Old Party, on the other hand, seems to vehemently support the photo ID regulations because it would most likely decrease Democrat voter turnout. Coincidentally, after Barack Obama was inaugurated, Republicans immediately began to enforce unprecedented voting qualifications in the form of photo IDs. In fact, the states currently enforcing photo ID laws (North Dakota, Wisconsin, Mississippi, Alabama, Kansas, Texas, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, New Hampshire, Rhode Island) vote Republican more often than not. How is this new voting obligation any different from the voting restrictions created to discriminate against minority groups throughout history? In summary, photo ID regulations preclude select populations from exercising their civil right, and therefore should be banished. As Juan Williams, a Panamanian-American political journalist, said, “Voting is a Constitutional right. Absent any evidence of fraud, all Americans have a protected right to vote, be they rich or poor, black, Hispanic or white, people who live in a big city or in remote rural areas.”

23


STANCE AT A GLANCE Where do Trump and Clinton stand on policy? Relevant questions with relevant answers.

OLIVIA MARTIN, staff writer ETHAN MULLEN, staff writer

Fall 2016 | C&G | 24


CLINTON YES

“Going from $7.25 to $12 is a huge difference... I want to get something done. And I think setting the goal to get to $12 is the way to go, encouraging others to get to $15.” – The Brooklyn Democratic Debate 4/14/16

NO “We do have to do more infrastructure spending. That will put many Americans to work. It’s a good job that gets you on the ladder to the middle class.” – The Post-Univision 3/16/16

Democratic

Debate

NO “I’m 100

percent behind comprehensive immigration reform that includes a path to citizenship.” – CNN interview 7/7/15

YES “The science is real. And I think is important that we grip this and deal with it both at home and abroad. And here’s what we can do - we can deploy a half a billion more solar panels.” – First Presidential Debate 9/26/16

YES “I think we have to try everything that works to try to limit the numbers of people and the kinds of people who are given access to firearms.”

Should the government raise the federal minimum wage?

TRUMPYES

“I would like to raise [minimum wage] to at least $10, and what I’m going to do is I’m going to bring jobs back to this country so that people can start working again.” – Washington Post 7/27/16

YES

Should the government will cut so much, make cuts to public “We your head will spin.” spending in order to decrease the national – Investor’s Business Daily 2/25/16 debt? Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully “They’re going to have to go out. They can present to return to come back, but they’re their country of origin gonna have to go out.” before they are eligible – Fox News 4/13/16 for citizenship?

YES

Should the government increase environmental regulations to prevent climate change?

NO

“We invested in a solar company...That was a disaster... I’m a great believer in all forms of energy. But we’re putting a lot of people out of work. Our energy policies are disaster. Our country is losing so much in terms of energy, in terms of paying off our debt.” – First Presidential Debate 9/26/16

NO

Should there be more restrictions on the process of purchasing a gun?

“No, I’m a big defender of the Second Amendment.”

Should people on the TSA’s no-fly list be banned from purchasing guns and ammunition?

“I agree with you when a person is on a watch list or a no-fly list… but I think we have to look very strongly at no-fly lists and watch-lists and when people are on there, even if they shouldn’t be on there, we’ll help them.”

– Republican Presidential Debate 3/4/16

– Democratic Presidential Debate 3/6/16

YES “I’ve gotta tell you if you are too dangerous to fly in America you are too dangerous to buy a gun in America.” – CNN 10/4/15

YES “All community colleges will offer free tuition.” – Clinton’s website

Should any public colleges/universities be tuition free?

YES

– First Presidential Debate 9/26/16

NO

“Well, there’s no such thing as free education, because you know that ultimately somebody else is going to be paying for that education.” – Fox News 4/3/16

25


THE results are in Approximately 93 percent of the HIES Upper School student body participated in our 2016 mock presidential election and poll.

CORINNA WADE, co-editor in chief

SHOULD THERE BE MORE RESTRICTIONS ON THE PROCESS OF PURCHASING A GUN?

66% YES

Sides with Clinton

Sides with stein

Females made up the majority of this vote, with 79% voting YES. Although Clinton only received 22% of the mock election votes, 66% of the student body agrees with her stance on this policy.

34% NO Males were split on this topic with 53% voting YES and 47% voting NO.

should people on tsa’s no-fly list be banned from purchasing guns and ammunition?

81% YES

Sides with Clinton

This majority voting YES was seen across genders, races, and ages.

19% NO Although 45% of the HIES student body elected Trump in the mock election, only 19% agreed with his stance on this policy.

Fall 2016 | C&G | 26

Sides with stein


should the government raise the federal minimum wage?

56% YES

Sides with Trump, clinton, and Stein

Although this issue was mostly split amongst gender, age and most ethnicities, the majority of African Americans (83%) voted YES.

44% NO 51% of males voted NO compared to 38% of females.

should the government make cuts to public spending to reduce national debt?

58% Yes

Sides with Trump

Sides with Johnson

This issue was divided among 18 year-olds, with 66% voting YES.

42% No This issue was evenly divided among 14-year-olds, with 50% voting NO.

27


Should any public colleges or universities be tuition-free?

41% YES This issue was divided amongst gender and race, with the majority of African Americans (69%) voting YES.

59% NO

Sides with Trump

Sides with Johnson

This issue was divided amongst gender and race, with the majority of males (66%) voting NO.

should the government increase environmental regulations to prevent climate change?

65% YES

Sides with Clinton

Sides with stein

The majority of females (72%) voted YES.

35% No Although 215 students voted for Trump in the mock election, 167 voted against his stance on this policy.

Should immigrants who are unlawfully present return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?

53% YES

Sides with Trump

Females were split compared to 58% of males voting YES.

47% NO The African American population comprised the majority of this vote with 71% voting NO.

Fall 2016 | C&G | 28


who is your choice for president? Clinton

22%

Johnson

15%

108 74

1% 7

Stein Trump

45%

no vote

16%

215 77

females Clinton 70 JOHNSON 33 STEIN 3

Clinton JOHNSON STEIN 3

36 35

TRUMP 101 PREFER NOT TO VOTE 46

TRUMP 112 PREFER NOT TO VOTE 46

males *Information collected from the C&G Fall survey taken by 481 Upper School students

29


politically (in) correct? Distinctive for the candidate’s use of language, this election cycle has pushed the boundaries of what America has come to understand and tolerate as PC.

CADE ANDERSON, associate editor CLAIRE SIMMEL, section editor

T

he two 2016 Presidential election front runners, Hillary Clinton (D) and Donald Trump (R), differ exponentially in how they incorporate political correctness into their language in the media. But, what exactly is political correctness?

Ugly politics

According to Merriam-Webster, it is “conforming to a belief that language and practices which could offend political sensibilities (as in matters of sex, race, etc.) should be eliminated.” The act of avoiding certain terms or phrases in order to prevent oneself from publicly offending specific groups of people sounds like a good idea, but is there more to it?

Often nicknamed mudslinging or dirty politics, an ad hominem is the purposeful attack of an opponent’s reputation rather than their stance. The act of mudslinging is widely present throughout our nation’s history. Here are a few of the most controversial and facetious moments in political history.

The benefits and downfalls surrounding the emergence of political correctness are not so black and white. “The concern with PC culture is that it encourages an environment where people are not fully able to have an open, honest discussion.” said Upper School AP United States History and International Diplomacy teacher Kacey Michelsen. On one hand, political correctness exists in order to maintain respect for people and their differences - including feminists, LGBTQ+- rights activists, and religious and racial minorities in our

1800 Thomas Jefferson’s campaign calls John Adams a “hideous hermaphroditical character, which has neither the force and firmness of a man, nor the gentleness and sensibility of a woman.”

Fall 2016 | C&G | 30

1828 1844

A supporter of John Q. Adams writes that Andrew Jackson is the child of a common prostitute and a mulatto man, and is therefore unfit. Andrew Jackson’s party strikes back and spreads a rumor that Adams procures a young American girl to service the Russian czar.

James K. Polk’s supporters claim that Henry Clay cannot be President because he broke all 10 commandments, and they cannot provide evidence as they are “too disgusting to appear in public print.”


country. It is important to equally address these groups in the media and in the arena of politics without being offensive or demeaning. But in doing so, is that demeaning in itself? Whatever the case may be, American’s are identifying a problem with our PC culture. According to the Washington Post, about 68 percent of Americans see political correctness as a “big problem”, whereas 44 percent of Americans place prejudice as the larger issue. Our own student population is a bit torn on the issue. Indicated in the C&G Fall survey, 45 percent of students place an importance on being politically correct, while 22 percent are undecided on the issue. Capturing the gray areas surrounding the murky topic of political correctness, one respondent further elaborated, “It has its time and its place. In normal conversation, it is important that you be respectful. In debate, however, no stone should be left unturned and no topic should be censored… you can obscure the ability to actually address problems of interest.” So exactly when and where did the concept of political correctness come to evolve into such a conversational topic? The term “politically incorrect” was first used in a 1793 U.S. Supreme Court case, however the meaning differs from how it is used today. Instead, it was used to describe a dysfunctional system in government. The origins of how we use the term today rose during the several human rights movements during the late 1960s and 1970s. By the 1990s, debates regarding the topic were swarming college campuses. In a May 1991 New York Times article, Political Correctness: New Bias Test?, Robert McFadden addresses the phenomenon, stating the term began to gain momentum and spread into the national debate, both on campuses and in the “arenas of American life”. These college students from the 1990s are part of the Millennial generation. In a 2015 Pew Research study, it was found that 40 percent of Millennials identify with political correctness, whereas their preceding generations (Generation X and Baby Boomers) felt significantly less inclined with PC ideals, identifying at 27 percent and 24 percent, respectively. “I think it’s very important to make the distinction between political correctness, and not being rude and disrespectful, and I think

everybody knows when they’ve crossed that line,” said Michelsen. Making a distinction, he continues, “Older generations, I think that they’re influenced both ways, but some things that they used to say or do that were accepted in popular culture, were in fact offensive. Now I think we’ve evolved to recognize that, but at the same time, I think people before were able to be a little more honest with one another, and if they were being racist or offensive, they were able to do that openly so we could have open and honest discussions, which got us to this point now.” Being politically correct is often associated as a liberal trait. In comparing Republican Donald Trump to Democrat Hillary Clinton, she is deemed far more “PC”, working to ensure that her speech sounds the least offensive for the most people. Trump, on the other hand, seems to speak off the cuff, actively speaking out against political correctness as a foolish mechanism in speech. For example, on July 4, 2016, Trump tweeted, “With Hillary and Obama, the terrorist attacks will only get worse. Politically correct fools, won’t even call it what it is - RADICAL ISLAM!” Is lack of political correctness in media damaging the psyche of those minorities targeted? With his stance on political correctness firmly established, Trump has ignited public opinion on the matter, as one C&G Fall survey respondent stated, “I think our society as a whole has become too sensitive and being politically correct has made people stop saying what they actually mean.” Of the two front-running candidates, one of these politicians is polished and refined in speech, whereas the other is completely off the cuff and unfiltered. But which is better? Has this cultural dissension become the new normal? Michelsen sees political correctness being used in this year’s election as a sort of tool of persuasion between the two parties. “I think that on one hand, political correctness is being demonized by one side in order to draw out the basest in the nature of some of the citizens in the country. On the other side, I think political correctness is being used in order to try to temper or tamp down or limit the range of discussion that we’re allowed to have in the country,” said Michelsen. a

1928 2004 2012

Herbert Hoover’s party claims that opponent Al Smith, who is Catholic, is traveling through the said-to-be 3,500 mile long Holland Tunnel from NYC to Vatican City to have secret meetings with the Pope about taking away the Bible.

George W. Bush accuses John Kerry of being a “flip flopper,” or someone who changes their stance on political issues. Rather than targeting Kerry’s stance, Bush targets the idea that Kerry is indecisive and unconvincing.

Barack Obama’s campaign claims that Mitt Romney is unfit for President because he tied his dog to the roof of a car on a family road trip, caused the death of a cancerous woman, and is a felon.

31


PARENTAL

ADVISORY POLITICAL CONTENT Fall 2016 | C&G | 32


STAFF EDITORIAL

Parental Censorship

C

ensorship: the practice of inspecting media and suppressing parts dubbed unacceptable.

the structure and system of government and politics, allowing for individualized outlook to develop from prompted questions.

It has been around virtually forever. As long as people are in positions of power, they will always fear the ideas of those they rule over. Censorship is a powerful tool, but it is ultimately defeated by education. As long as people seek further insight into what they are made to believe, they will circumvent the intended boundaries.

However, when children arrive home, this no longer becomes the case. When a child faces a question they are unable to answer, they typically turn to someone with more experience in the field, once again, their parents.

Historically, censorship is deliberately and often acutely coordinated by governmental powers, but the subliminal censorship that dwells undetected in the influential powers of others is one that deserves to be more closely examined. More often than not, when people are stuck at the mental crossroads of indecisiveness, all they require is a small push in either direction in order to make a choice. The catalysts of this metaphysical guidance can range from governmental powers to, you guessed it: your parents. According to research, children raised in households where politics are a popular topic tend to adopt the opposite ideology of their parents. The British Journal of Political Science published data from the U.S. and U.K. finding that “parents who are insistent that their children adopt their political views inadvertently influence their children to abandon the belief once they become adults.” The results also include that children exposed to politics at a young age are more likely to use their knowledge in conversation. In turn, they are introduced to new political perspectives “which they then adopt with surprising frequency”.

“Extreme parental views of the world give children a clear choice for being with the parents through agreement, or against parents through disagreement,” said Carl Pickhardt, author and child psychologist, “thus extremely rigid views of right/wrong, trust/distrust, love/hate can be embraced by children who want to stay connected to parents, and can be cast off by children who, for their own independence, are willing to place the parental relationship at risk.” This desire for acceptance and approval causes children to constantly side with their parents on countless political issues, regardless of their own opinions. The choices can range from party choice to immigration policy. No matter what the issue may be, it seems as though parents inadvertently continue to skew the perceptions of their offspring because of their natural bias. In the C&G Fall survey, just over 43 percent of our student body fell under the same degree of moderatism as their parents. As discussed earlier, objective education intends for children to draw their own conclusions, but in reality, students seeking political guidance turn to a trusted source with a deeper understanding of the field. The timing of this influence is malevolently impeccable, and the results depict it. But as mentioned earlier, there are two sides to every coin.

On the other hand, children raised in households where politics are seldom mentioned tend to side with the beliefs of their mother and father, for these children have no comparative alternative than their parent’s views. Phillip Longman, American demographer and former Managing Editor for US News & World Report, outlines the striking similarities in the next generation and their parents, saying, “today’s young people are exceptionally bonded to their parents…children have turned out to be remarkably similar to their parents.” From a young age, children look up to their parents as role models, and in turn, their behavioral traits and opinions are often based on the views of their mother and father. This is illustrated by the Bobo Doll Experiment of 1961 conducted by Stanford professor, Albert Bandura; the experiment found that “children learn social behavior… through the process of observation learning - through watching the behavior of another person.” This reliance on a parental lead is especially evident when the concepts of politics and government are introduced in the education system. In order to avoid subjective bias, schools typically stick to the facts when introducing controversial topics, therefore allowing students to form their own opinions. This explicit objectivism is outlined by the revised standards of curriculum from the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS). Schools are required to give a nonpartisan overview of

What about the students that are 31 percent more conservative than their parents or the 25 percent that are more liberal? What leads them to disagree with the teachings of their parents for the sake of their own independence? The answer is simple: education and individualized thought. HIES provides the foundation of knowledge, and programs such as Model UN and the Young Conservatives Club allow students to side with what they believe and agree with. The choice is yours, you just have to be willing to make it. I believe that it the explicit right of the individual to make their own decision, because at the end of the day, the only one that make choices for you is you. You never know, you might just discover a new perspective that you agree with, or end up siding with your parents when it is all said and done. Whatever your choice may be, as long as your decision is fortified with understanding, there’s no harm done. So I ask you, HIES students: If we’re constantly living uninformed and forming our political views from our parents, and will one day inherit the world from our predecessors, how will we tailor the government to our needs when we are simply carbon copies of the past generation? a

SAM AIKEN, staff writer

33


millennials are millennials are the worst millennials are lazy millennials are stupid millennials aren’t lazy millennials are not voting

MILLENNIALS ARE... NOT VOTING Why America’s youngest adults aren’t showing up. ETHAN MULLEN, staff writer OLIVIA MARTIN, staff writer

O

ver the past few years, the number of eligible millennial voters surpassed that of the largest previous generation — the Baby Boomers. The millennial demographic has the potential to sway the vote this November, meaning that if enough eligible millennials voted, they could determine the outcome of the 2016 presidential election. Millennials now have the power, but will they use it? The term “millennial” refers to people born from 1981-1998, currently between the ages of 18 and 35. As the youngest adult generation, millennials are more diverse than previous cohorts — both racially and ethnically. However, current polls and surveys cannot show whether or not millennials will use their size to their advantage. If they show up to the polls, they might have a drastic impact on the results. Will they rise to the challenge? Maybe not. Historically, millennial

Fall 2016 | C&G | 34

voter turnout has been significantly lower than older generations. Social issues are prominent in the minds of many young voters, in part because of the diversity present in the millennial generation. “We’ve grown up as the most multicultural, multiracial generation thus far in America,” noted Chris Yarsawich, upper school history and global teacher. “Social inclusion - like, LGBTQ issues are, to us, they’re blindingly obvious. Respect people for who they are, let people be who they are. Immigration, really, and civil rights. These are the sort of things.” Some millennials feel the two major political parties do not place an importance on or acknowledge the issues they find important, and are thus ignoring the process altogether. “The main reason [we don’t vote] is because of the political power that is within certain people’s grips that can’t relate to my


generation and our issues,” said HIES College Counselor Warren Quirett.

won the Electoral College. Due to the debacle, many millennials feel their vote does not count, but English teacher Rebecca Rivera disagrees.

HIES Upper School Math Department Chair Cameron Wood agrees. “I think amongst all my friends, none of us have come to a consensus about who we would vote for, “ said Wood, “You feel that you’re not represented in either of the people who are running for president.”

“That’s colored my adult voting habits quite a bit,” Rivera said. “For me, it made it more important for me to go vote because I felt like, the way the Electoral College works, if it’s an overwhelming victory, it’s better.”

Quirett and Wood are not alone. Millennials across the country are dissatisfied with major party candidates and feel a disconnect from politics in general. According to Pew Research Center, nearly the same percentage of millennials (58 percent) are dissatisfied with political candidates as were satisfied in 2012 (56 percent). Lack of satisfaction causes an increasing number of millennials to identify as politically independent, or consider casting a vote for third party candidates such as Gary Johnson or Jill Stein. Lack of representation in government leads millennials to seek a more close-to-heart candidate that shares their values. “In dealing with the establishment, my generation has been taught to think for themselves,” said Quirett, “And I think when you have two candidates, one who’s been very open and vocal on how he feels regarding these issues, and maybe not the more traditionalistic view, and you have another one who’s been part of the establishment, my generation just rubs against that, so that’s probably why a lot of folks are voting independent, or across party lines, or not voting at all.” Additionally, millennials often feel that their voices are not being heard in the presidential election because of their geographic location. “In Georgia, for every year that I’ve been eligible to vote, a Republican candidate has won the state. So, if I was voting democratically, then there’s no point in doing that. And then if I’m not voting democratically, there’s no point in doing that because it’s going to go Republican,” explained Wood.

During local and state elections, each vote counts as a larger portion. The Electoral College does not apply, so opinions in the minority are not suppressed. Regarding local elections, Yarsawich explains “your vote may actually count in terms of the outcome of the election, and they hit closer to home.“ he continued, “[In the presidential election,] your vote doesn’t count. Your vote matters. I think we’re aware of that. We’re aware of the fact that it comes down to a few swing states.” The millennial generation is also the first generation to come of age in an era of rapid technological advances, with smartphones and the internet shaping some of their characteristics. As the world becomes increasingly digital, more people rely on online news sources for information. Internet-based companies such as BuzzFeed and Google News are likely to catch the attention of millennials instead of “traditional” news mediums used by previous generations. The focus has strayed from TV and radio news shows to new platforms such as YouTube. Newspapers and magazines have turned into websites and apps. “People are much more likely to follow things like the Daily Show or John Oliver, things that have a little bit of humor mixed in, than we are to watch the Nightly News,” said Rivera.

“We’ve grown up as the most multicultural, multiracial Even with online interest, millennials report following political news less than older generation thus far in America.” generations, simply because they report Chris Yarsawich

The founding fathers created the basis for the current political system at the Constitutional Convention. At the convention, delegates created the Electoral College — the United States’ method of indirect election for President. Each state has a set number of votes, based on population size. The candidate who wins the most votes in that state wins all its electoral votes. Thomas McKenzie, who teaches government and politics at HIES, explained the potential harm of the Electoral College to people with opposing views from their state. “Traditionally, larger cities have a heavier liberal-Democratic population,” McKenzie said, “Illinois is the best example. Illinois is very conservative, but Chicago is one of the most populated [cities] in the country. It’s more of a liberal-Democrat, so that entire state will be liberal. So if you’re in southern Illinois, and you’re a conservative, that’s a bummer.”

they are not interested in politics. This includes talking less about news-related topics, and potentially learning less about outside opinions. Regardless, McKenzie proposes a solution.

“It’s up to educators and politicians, and others, to educate the population more on voting. Not just voting rights, but the candidates themselves,” he said. “I think education is the key to a strong democracy.” So what is to be expected from millennials in the upcoming election? No one really knows. However, if enough millennials show up, the vote really could be swayed. “When you have a candidate like Donald Trump or Hillary Clinton; they’re very polarizing, on both sides. You have people that really, really love them, and people that really, really don’t like them,” Mckenzie said. “And that could energize people to break the record for voter turnout.” a

This concept was particularly relevant during the 2000 presidential election when Al Gore won the popular vote, but George W. Bush

35


INSIDE AN IMMIGRANT'S JOURNEY SARAH KALLIS, managing editor

Fall 2016 | C&G | 36


H

IES Upper School Spanish teacher Ethel Zuniga clearly remembers the day she walked through the University of Georgia campus during a protest against immigration.

“There was people showing up with signs saying, ‘Go home, you’re taking our jobs’ and ‘Go back to Mexico,’” she recalls, “It was shocking for me. I felt scared that day.” Although Zuniga is from El Salvador and went through an extensive immigration process that required her to prove a unique set of skills, she still felt threatened. Reminiscing on yet another time she felt fearful in her new home, Zuniga recalls moving to the United States two days before 9/11. “It scared me because I thought that I was coming to the safest place on Earth… it seemed very vulnerable,” said Zuniga. In El Salvador, Zuniga worked with the United States Embassy, where the United States was often portrayed as one of the most powerful nations on earth. Many El Salvadorans were sent to the states for military training and college. While in the United States, Zuniga studied her Master’s degree on the Fulbright Scholarship, and then was required to return to El Salvador for two years. She was working at a British School in El Salvador when she saw an ad for a teaching position at the Atlanta International School (AIS). At the time, Zuniga explains, “I had a good job, my husband had a good job, but we also wanted something more for our kids, and I think coming here was a good decision because they have more opportunities here,” she continued, “I wanted them to be bilingual, and to me, there’s nothing like immersion. If you don’t speak the language, you will not learn it.” She applied for the job at AIS; however, in order to earn this position, Zuniga had to prove that she had a unique set of skills.

go back home.” Although she had job offers in other countries, and contemplated dropping the process altogether, Zuniga followed through and received her Green Card, continuing to teach in the United States. After working at AIS, Zuniga moved to Macon, Georgia to teach at Stratford Academy, where she was shocked by the lack of diversity. “Atlanta was more open. That’s the beautiful thing about Atlanta. In Atlanta, you feel like the horizons extend, and you see a lot of people, so it’s like a mountain point.” Zuniga continues, “It was like an hour and a half south, but it felt like going years back in history.” Although she assumed racism was long gone in the United States, she experienced it first-hand while in Macon. Whether comments from strangers in the grocery store and students in school were intended to be offensive or not, they still made her and her children uncomfortable. “My daughter used to come home crying because… they told her that she was Chinese. And she said, ‘I’m not Chinese, I’m from El Salvador,’ and they would say, ‘What is that?’ And they would make fun of her,” said Zuniga. Being proud of her heritage and family roots, these attacks as a result of ignorance hurt her. Moving to the United States for the benefit of their children, the Zunigas found it painful to see the children suffering. Because experiencing a diverse population is important to Zuniga, the family moved back to the Atlanta area.

“I’m educated. So, I can think. I can respond, I can answer, I respect, I listen.” Ethel Zuniga

“If there’s somebody that can teach the way that I teach, and lives here, in the States, they will not give me the job,” said Zuniga. Zuniga did get the job, moved to the United States with her family, and was issued a visa that she had to renew annually after six years. In order to renew their visas, Zuniga’s family had to pay a fee of $1,200 per person - a total of $4,800 Soon after, Zuniga and her family decided to enter the Green Card Process, which would allow the family to live and work in the United States permanently. The process involves background checks, interviews, and hefty fees. “That was lengthy and painful because you had to do a lot of paperwork. But compared to what other people had to do, it’s nothing,” said Zuniga. In total, it was a 3-and-a-half year process that cost her family $17,000. Furthermore, she could not return home for a period of time for the risk of losing her progress. “So, if somebody passed away back home, I couldn’t leave, or I would jeopardize my process,” said Zuniga, “If they had said no, we would have had six months to pack our stuff, get our kids, and

However, something the Zuniga’s cannot escape, no matter their geographic location, is the negative portrayal of immigrants in the media. “It’s hard for people to accept you. I have been to places, visited places, where first off, you feel it. You feel that they are like ‘Oh my gosh, it’s another Mexican,’ or something.” Zuniga continues, “I’m educated. So, I can think. I can respond, I can answer, I respect, I listen.”

That level of discrimination has seeped over in her past work environments, as she explains “For us to earn our place as respected teachers, it was very hard. We had to work very hard.” While immigration policies are being heavily debated during this election cycle, the media often demonizes immigrants, forgetting to portray them as human beings. Immigrants are often depicted as an inconvenient statistic, rather than individuals with families and emotions that are greatly impacted within the immigration system. Although many generalizations are made about the immigrant population, Zuniga has a positive outlook on the situation. “[I am] the one that had to prove them wrong. You will not change that by attacking the magazine or newspaper.” she continues, “There’s a lot of people who have come to the country, and they have figured out the system, and they play the system. And, they’re immigrants. And, that really gets me so upset when I see people that I know are using the system to their own advantage. And that’s really sad, because there are a lot of people who are not doing that. I’ve paid taxes all my life.” Currently, the country is quite divided on the issue of immigration policy. Donald Trump (R) has made immigration one of his only

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IMMIGRATION

spicer lear/PHOTOGRAPHER

detailed policy plans, with plans to build a physical barrier in between the United States and Mexico, boasting he would make Mexico pay for it. He also intends to end birthright citizenship, which allows anyone born in the United States to immediately become a legal citizen. Furthermore, Trump wants to create a hiatus, where foreign workers abroad would not obtain Green Cards until companies hired unemployed people in the United States. Trump also wants to impose criminal charges on immigrants who let their visas expire, deport an estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants, and enforce largescale deportation raids. Finally, he does not want to let Syrian refugees into the United States.

obtain citizenship. She does not support deportation raids, unlike Trump. She also plans to end private immigration detention centers, three-and-10 year bans, and expand affordable healthcare access to all families, regardless of their immigration status. Clinton will also try to prevent separating families, and plans to defend Obama’s action against partisan attacks. . Zuniga continues to be hopeful for the United States, and the people within it.

“ I think everybody has something good to bring” Ethel Zuniga

Hillary Clinton (D) intends to let some Syrian refugees into the United States, and create a path that allows undocumented immigrants to

Fall 2016 | C&G | 38

“I pray for this country a lot. Something about the States, that’s why I enjoy working here; I like your culture. I respect it. I don’t agree with everything, but I embrace it. I think everybody has something good to bring.” said Zuniga. a


MYTHS ABOUT IMMIGRATION d e k n ebu

D

1.

Myth: All immigrants are here illegally. Truth: Out of 41 million immigrants in the United States, 30 are documented, and 40 percent of undocumented immigrants entered legally and allowed their visas expire.

2.

Myth: Illegal immigration in increasing.

3.

Myth: Everyone has the ability to immigrate legally.

4.

Myth: Undocumented immigrants don’t pay taxes.

5.

Truth: Illegal immigration is decreasing. Illegal immigrants currently make up 3.5 percent of the population, down from 4 percent in 2007.

Truth: Unless an immigrant is highly trained in a skill, escaping political persecution, joining immediate relatives, or a winner of the Green Card lottery, it is very difficult to enter the United States.

Truth: Every time an undocumented immigrant buys a product, they pay sales tax. They also pay property taxes when they purchase land or a home. According to a 2013 Social Security Administration, undocumented immigrants paid $12 billion in taxes. Myth: Immigrants take jobs from Americans. Truth: Documented immigrants have to prove a unique set of skills in order to obtain a high-level job. Undocumented immigrants are often hired for low-paying jobs that Americans are unwilling to take. Unfortunately, many employers take advantage of them and do not pay them sufficient wages or give them benefits.

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SPICER LEAR, photographer GRACEN BETTS, section editor

Chief of Police DeSimone

Fall 2016 | C&G | 40

g


good cop, bad rep. Police SPICER LEAR, photojournalist GRACEN BETTS, section editor

F

erguson. Baltimore. Charlotte. It has happened all over our country: a grainy cell phone video of a police shooting a suspect to death goes viral, sending the city into chaos. In an effort to humanize the police force serving our community, I set out to document the day-to-day grind of the Sandy Springs Police. In doing so, I interacted with sergeants, detectives, chiefs, an internal affairs officer and a victim’s advocate. Keeping our community safe means these men and women are not working the normal nine to five desk job. It is important to know every side of the story, and the Sandy Springs Police shares some interesting insight into new perspectives, their lives and a glimpse into the backdrop of our community.

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reilly mcclain, CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHER

“We started “Explorers” in 2010 and we have around twelve kids. The program is for ages 14-20 and is like an internship to policing, every week we meet and discuss different topics. We often compete across the state of Georgia and sometimes we go up to Tennessee. Tonight we are covering domestic violence issues and an officer’s response to a domestic dispute.”

Sergeant Beagle

Explorer Students

Chief DeSimone was an officer in charge of the provincial police advisor team and reflects on his time in Afghanistan, as he states that his hardest decision, “One will take me to my grave” was making the decision whether or not to move troops across a very insecure area. DeSimone continues to say that there was a strong chance they would be attacked on all sides. The youngest kid in his troop was 19 years old. “When you have to make decisions that could affect the actual life and death of others it’s so much bigger than yourself.”

Fall 2016 | C&G | 42


Chief Kenneth DeSimone discusses his daily schedule, “It varies from day to day but I talk to people more than anything else. Eighty to ninety percent of my day is talking to people about issues.”

“I’d say that’s a thing with 24 hour media coverage is that everyone is an expert on everything and most people don’t have a clue. I think that, I guess that people who want to make changes should come spend a day with us, and understand what it means to make a split decision on a life or death situation where if you guess wrong you’re dead, and if you guess wrong you know, someone else is dead. It’s a tough job, that’s why we train hard, and there is no doubt that there are some departments out there that don’t train their officers as hard as they should be, but I’m glad I’m not am not apart of one those.” Sergeant Mcnabb

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“You get a lot of complaints about perception. Someone will have an encounter with the police and they’ll perceive it one way or that they weren’t given a fair shot or that the officer didn’t listen to them, again as of late, everything going on with racial tension, but perception is one of those things that you may perceive one way but can you prove it one way or another. If someone truly believes in what happened to them or they didn’t get a fair shot, no matter what you tell them you are not going to resolve that, unless you tell them what they want to hear.” Sergeant Huffschmidt

Fall 2016 | C&G | 44


reilly mcclain, CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHER “I would say the one that stands out in my mind the most is what we call a triple; a double homicide, suicide involved where a family member had killed two other family members then himself. That was very disturbing, not just the amount of deceased we had on the scene but everything involved. When you go out to a scene and initially don’t know it was a suicide involved and you have three dead bodies it’s a little overwhelming and the pressure is on because you have concerned neighbors, family, it all really just starts to weigh down on you. That’s where the help of your coworkers come in, and where it’s a really good feeling having everyone helping you.” Detective Stein

After Sanders earned a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice and psychology, he started at the county level court system and became a liaison between the prosecutor and the victims for 7-8 years. “I wanted to get involved sooner to when the crime happened. You take home certain things, that you shouldn’t but it’s part of it. I have two kids now and it’s really bad kid stuff. I at least feel like I’m doing something to help people not hurt them.” Stacey Sanders Victims Advocate

“One thing that I have learned thus far is that if you don’t provide the media with what’s going on. It’s not that they will make up something but they are going to tell the story that they want to tell. Then you lose the chance to explain what happened from our reporting standpoint. If you don’t do that you only have yourself to blame.” Mike Lindstrom

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CLAIRE SIMMEL, managing editor design, GRACE SIZEMORE

MUSIC

artist profile:

Grouplove After a four year hiatus since the release of Channel Orange, Frank Ocean is back with his highly anticipated album, Blonde, released August 20. Composed of 17 songs, Ocean takes his creativity even further with the coinciding release of his own publication. Blonde is accompanied by a 360-page print publication titled Boys Don’t Cry, which features interviews with Ocean’s family members, original screenplays and horoscopes written by Ocean, and photographs taken by him as well. Ocean takes to Tumblr when it comes to promotion and communication with fans, thus landing the Blonde in the top ten album charts. “I had the time of my life making all of this,” Ocean writes on his Tumblr blog. Each song in the album is reflective, mysterious, and bold, much like its author, as he challenges conformity and encourages self-expression and individuality. The songs together manifest romanticism, states of mind-alteration, sexuality, and stances on cultural events portrayed in the media. Blonde is a collection of romantic and moody post-R&B styled songs, taking on an impressionistic and emotionally intimate feel.

Big Mess is the third album by the American indie rock band, Grouplove. Following their 2011 Never Trust a Happy Song, and 2013 Spreading Rumors, the band took a much needed break to write and produce Big Mess. Before releasing the entire album, Grouplove put out their single “Welcome to Your Life” in July. The song works as anticipation for the album, encapsulating the upbeat, high energy feel of each of the succeeding ten songs released in September. The title of the album speaks towards the hectic writing process that the band faced. According to vocalist and keyboardist of the group, Hannah Hooper, the band drew inspiration for the album from feeling that “the world is pretty intense. We were feeling it on a pretty crazy level.” From the title of the album as a whole to the rousing and uplifting sounds of each individual song, Big Mess truly emulates our chaotic and ever-changing world and how it all should be taken a little less seriously.

artist profile:

Frank Ocean

STUDENT RECOMMENDATIONS heath foster, freshman

fred sager, senior

GO:OD AM - Mac Miller asia harris, freshman

2014 Forest Hills Drive - J. Cole

Misadventures - Pierce the Veil Fall 2016 | C&G | 46


GRACEN BETTS, section editor design, GRACE SIZEMORE

FASHION

02

03 style profile:

Fall Fashion trends this year are heavily influenced by the 90s. Chokers, slip dresses, holographic material, and velvet are some of the biggest trends for the season. As usual, coats will be a key piece for self-expression during the transition from fall to winter for everyone. Puffer jackets, trench coats, bomber jackets, and sweaters are some of the hottest trends for colder months.

Libby Bulley

04

style profile:

01 01 Free People sweater 02 Cole Haan boots 03 Minkpink skirt 04 Urban Outfitters shirt 05 Tillys pants 06 Onitsuka for J.Crew sneakers

Zakk Rosenberg 05

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The C&G | Volume V | Issue 1 | Election Edition  

The C&G staff aims to be honest, accurate, and accountable as they convey news, ideas, events, and opinions that are relevant to the Holy In...

The C&G | Volume V | Issue 1 | Election Edition  

The C&G staff aims to be honest, accurate, and accountable as they convey news, ideas, events, and opinions that are relevant to the Holy In...

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