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Newspaper of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis How to pray with Scripture


Confirmation: Gift of the Holy Spirit

The Catholic Spirit

March 17, 2011


News with a Catholic heart

Rediscover fasting Whether on your own, as a family or through a program like Food Fast, this discipline can deepen your Lenten experience Catholic News Service That empty stomach rumble, a reminder of fasting during Lent, is beneficial spiritually and physically. It also is a way to draw attention to the work of the church and to help charitable organizations. Catholics are required to fast on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday, which means eating only one full meal during the course of a day, and to abstain from meat on Fridays. “The greater portion of fasting is the honoring of the suffering death of our Lord Jesus Christ,” said Franciscan Father James Goode, president of the National Black Catholic Apostolate for Life. “I tell people when they are in the midst of a crisis in their life, try fasting and prayer, and then pray and fast and have that assurance that God will hear our prayer.” The 70-year-old priest says he would fast before being given a new assignment. “It was the experience of saying, ‘Not my will, but God’s will, be done.’ God was able to help me to understand where he was leading me.” Members of the New York-based apostolate are encouraging others to join in using Tuesdays during Lent as additional

days of fasting and prayer “for the end of abortion and all acts of violence that are destroying our community.” Pax Christi USA also is recommending fasting and abstinence beyond the Friday requirement during Lent. John Zokovitch, director of national field operations for the organization that is moving its headquarters from Erie, Pa., to Washington, says it “goes along with Catholic understanding of fasting being about personal atonement, but also about certain selfpurification, a certain amount of resituating ourselves to the important things in our life. “Within the context of Pax Christi, it’s with the Gospel call to be peacemakers and justice seekers,” said the 42year-old member of Holy Faith Catholic Church in Gainesville, Fla. While there is no specific priority cited for this year’s Lent fast, Zokovitch says in the past year the hallmarks of Pax Christi — prayer, study and action — have emphasized the war in Afghanistan, immigration and nuclear disarmament. Another fasting option is to participate in Food Fast, a 24-hour hunger awareness retreat for Catholic youths focusing on global poverty and PLEASE TURN TO TIME ON PAGE 23

Lenten resources inside ■ Good time for sacrament of reconciliation — page 11 ■ Praying with Scripture — page 13 ■ Operation Rice Bowl — page 14

More at THECATHOLICSPIRIT.COM ■ 21st-century Stations of the Cross meditation ■ Book ideas for spiritual growth ■ ‘Pastor’s Page’ blog: Why no meat on Fridays? ■ Fish fries and Lenten dinners

Open letter to Minnesota governor, legislators State’s Catholic, Lutheran bishops seek budget deficit solutions that protect poor and the common good The following letter, dated March 15, was written by the Minnesota bishops of the Roman Catholic Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.

Minnesota Catholic Conference gives session update — page 4

By now, you are immersed in the challenges of providing legislative and executive leadership for all Minnesotans. As citizens, we take seriously the need for change in addressing the Herculean task that lies before us. The responsibilities you face as you lead us and consider the future of our state present opportunities to uphold the dignity and worth of all Minnesotans. You are already deeply into erasing a large budget deficit, an enormous challenge that suggests both dollar savings and increased income to achieve a balanced budget that avoids devastating cuts in services to

vulnerable people. In many of the political campaigns of last fall, we heard politicians speak of “fairness” and “equality” as they spoke of the task ahead. We ask you today to consider “justice” as you engage in your work. Justice means that the common good of all citizens serves as the hallmark of a strong society and a vital economy. We expect that, as you seek to balance the budget, you will engage in civil and respectful dialogue rather than partisanship and posturing. We trust that you will seek to govern the people of the state of Minnesota so that all citizens — particularly those who are poor and live on the margins of our communities — have access to housing, education, health care and other human services. We suggest that the most effective means of eliminating poverty resides in policies that lift people out of a safety net to a level of sustainability. Minnesota has a history of caring for all its citizens, and all of us are heirs of those who shaped that legacy. PLEASE TURN TO OPEN ON PAGE 21



A joyful start to the Lenten season

That They May All Be One Archbishop John C. Nienstedt

Food drive at St. Thomas Academy and soup supper at Most Holy Trinity in St. Louis Park were wonderful ways to spend Ash Wednesday

Archbishop’s schedule

In the first Preface listed in the Sacramentary (the little red book from which the priest prays the prayers at Mass), we read: “Each year you give us this joyful season when we prepare to celebrate the paschal mystery with mind and heart renewed.� Some Catholics might blink at the juxtaposition of those words: “Lent� and “joyful season.� Yet, I do believe that joy is the underlying attitude that the Church urges us to cultivate as we journey together through Lent. To that end, I must tell you that my Lent this year has gotten off to a joyful start.

■Sunday, March 20: 10 a.m., New Hope, Church of St. Joseph: Sunday liturgy. 7 p.m., Faribault, Church of Divine Mercy: Culture of Life speakers’ series. ■ Monday, March 21: 10 a.m., St. Paul, Chancery: USCCB Committee on Doctrine conference call meeting. 2:15 p.m., St. Paul, Chancery: Meeting with Catholic Schools Commission co-chairs. 3 p.m., St. Paul, Chancery: Meeting with Catholic Schools Commission. ■ Tuesday, March 22: 8:30 a.m., St. Paul, Archbishop’s Residence: Scheduling meeting with staff.

Rows of bags On the morning of Ash Wednesday, I had the privilege of celebrating Mass for the school community of St. Thomas Academy. As I entered the front doors, I knew something was different. Lining the halls were row upon row of shopping bags filled with canned goods and other non-perishable items. I soon learned that this was the third year that the Academy had participated in the Minnesota Food Shelf’s food drive. Since Feb. 23, the cadets had been collecting these items and storing them away for this day. As I gazed down into the assembly area, I could see that they had amassed literally thousands of those bags.

11 a.m., St. Paul, Chancery: Preparation meeting for upcoming Presbyteral Council meeting. 1:30 p.m., St. Paul, Chancery: Archbishop’s Cabinet meeting. Photo courtesy of St. Thomas Academy

Students at St. Thomas Academy in Mendota Heights stand in a semitrailer March 9 with bags of food they collected as part of the school’s annual food drive.

At the end of Mass, I offered a prayer over the food offerings, asking God to open the eyes of those who received these gifts to not only the satisfaction of their bodily needs

but also to the spiritual hunger of their heart that only God can satisfy. Then the fun began as the cadets PLEASE TURN TO LENT ON PAGE 9

4 p.m., St. Paul, Chancery: Meeting with Regina Medical Center administration. ■Wednesday, March 23: 8 a.m., Deephaven, Church of St. Therese of Deephaven: School Mass, classroom visits and lunch with students. PLEASE TURN TO ARCHBISHOP’S ON PAGE 9


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“Practice well among yourselves charity, charity, charity, and outside, zeal for the salvation of souls.” St. Eugene de Mazenod, founder of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate

Local The Catholic Spirit

News from around the archdiocese

MARCH 17, 2011


Oblates’ mission a good fit in East Side St. Paul parishes By Pat Norby The Catholic Spirit

Parishioners and pastors at St. Casimir and St. Patrick in St. Paul are all breathing “a sigh of relief” that the parishes are clustering, rather than closing, with the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate taking on ministry at both parishes. The pastors announced the weekStrategic Planning end of Feb. 19-20 that both parishes would be served by a single Oblate pastor beginning this summer. Oblate Father Joseph Ferraioli, the curUPDATE rent St. Casimir pastor, said, “The day I announced it here that we were going to cluster with St. Patrick, nobody was upset. They saw it coming. It was a sigh of relief that St. Casimir wasn’t going to be closed. What they were upset about was that I said it might be the end of the Oblates here.” A similar reaction was noted by Father Jerry Hackenmueller, an archdiocesan priest and St. Patrick’s pastor, when he announced the clustering decision in the Archdiocesan Strategic Plan. “I think it was probably a relief more than anything. This took so long that the rumor mill really got going. A lot of people perceived that either one of the two parishes was going to be closed or merged,” Father Hackenmueller said. “I sense, on a more personal level, there is more of a sadness that I’m leaving after 15 years.” He said that he plans to retire at the end of June, but will stay at the parish until the new Oblate pastor is installed.

One priest, two parishes Another concern at St. Patrick was the decision that one Oblate pastor was to be

Dave Hrbacek / The Catholic Spirit

From left, Betty Fousek and Corrine Bauer of St. Patrick in St. Paul, talk with Father Bob Morin, a Missionary Oblate of Mary Immaculate, and Cindy Pasiuk, liturgy coordinator at St. Casimir in St. Paul, at St. Casimir March 14 before Mass celebrated by Father Morin. The Oblates will continue to serve at St. Casimir, which has been clustered with St. Patrick.

named to serve both parishes. Although a new pastor will be named to replace Father Ferraioli, who said he will be leaving St. Casimir, Oblate Father Harry Winter will continue to live at the St. Casimir rectory and assist with Masses and other responsibilities, as he has done for the past few years. Father Ferraioli said there was some confusion during the planning process about whether the Oblates would remain at St. Casimir. “Our provincial indicated to the archbishop that the Oblates would like to stay in this archdiocese,” he said. “When we said we were interested in staying, Archbishop [John] Nienstedt was open.” Jennifer Haselberger, archdiocesan chancellor for canonical affairs, said that part of what delayed discussions with the Oblates was a change in the community’s

It’s Friday. It’s Lent. You don’t want to cook.

Where do you go?

leadership, when Oblate Father Louis Lougen, then U.S. superior, was named to serve in Rome as superior general. Haselberger has a personal interest in the Oblates at St. Casimir because it is her family’s parish and where she was baptized. In addition, a relative was one of the founding pastors, and an uncle, Oblate Father John Maslowski, was serving as pastor when he died of a heart attack while playing baseball with local kids. “The men in my family who are ordained are Oblates, so they’ve all served at the parish. And I have aunts who are Felician Sisters, and the Felician Sisters were at the parish until the 1980s,” she said.

Oblate presence welcome Although she no longer worships there each week, Haselberger said that because

of her baptism and because it is a Polish national parish, she would always feel welcome at the church. “I think it’s a wonderful thing for the parish, and the archbishop is grateful for the continued presence of those priests,” she said. St. Casimir parishioners Pete Barrett and Cindy Pasiuk also are glad the Oblates are staying. “We’re thrilled that they are staying and I hope St. Pat’s people come to enjoy the Oblates and appreciate them as well,” said Barrett, who has been a parishioner since 1991 with his wife, Andrea, and their six children. “[The Oblates] are a great bunch of guys. They seem to have an attitude of ‘What are you doing here and how can I help?’” Pasiuk, who has been a parishioner “over 50 years,” said the Oblates are dedicated to the parish. “When Father Andrew Stojar came in 1916, he set a precedent,” she said. “I think the Oblates have given us the sense of comfort, dedication and spirituality, especially after the situation Father Stojar walked into.” The history on the parish website — WWW.STCASIMIRCHURCH.ORG — details a sordid tale about the murder of the first pastor of the church, which had to be reconsecrated. Since there were no Polishspeaking diocesan priests available, the Oblates were invited to serve the parish and sent Father Stojar. Father Ferraioli said the Oblates were founded to serve as missionaries to the poor. They came to St. Casimir to serve the Polish community, of which there is still a small core at the parish. The parish and the Oblates are happy to continue that missionary spirit in welcoming the many Africans and Asians who are moving into the neighborhood and attending Mass, he added. “To that extent I see this as a mission.”








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Electrician sparks life commitment by turning down abortion clinic job Decision inspires homily

By Dave Hrbacek The Catholic Spirit

A sign in the bathroom of Tim and Nicole Roach’s home in Faribault reads, “Gratitude, Always Remember to Count Your Blessings.” “It should say, ‘August, wash your hands and brush your teeth,’” joked Nicole, referring to her 9-year-old son. The sign has come in handy recently as the family, which belongs to Divine Mercy in Faribault, continues to struggle with Tim’s unemployment, which began in July 2009 when he was laid off of his job as an electrician. And, the couple had to take an even harder look at the concept of gratitude when a huge blessing unexpectedly appeared recently, then vanished in a matter of seconds. In mid February, Tim, got a call from his local union with the news every laid off worker longs to hear — a job offer. It couldn’t have come at a better time. Tim’s unemployment benefits were about to run out. He could hardly believe what the voice on the other end was presenting to him — an offer to be a job foreman for at least 11 months, with a salary of $65,000 to $70,000 a year. Perfect, Tim thought. Then came the bad news — he would be working on construction of a new Planned Parenthood Clinic in St. Paul on University Avenue. The highest of highs became the lowest of lows as he quickly turned down the offer. “The roller coaster started going downhill,” said Tim, 38. “He [union rep] wasn’t really sure if there were going to be abortions there. He kind of side-

Correction The location of the speaker series “The Divine Comedy and the Lenten Journey” was listed incorrectly in a March 3 story. The talks are taking place in Hayden Hall at the Cathedral of St. Paul. Upcoming talks are from 7 to 9 p.m. on March 22, March 29 and April 5.

The Catholic Spirit The Catholic Spirit’s mission is to proclaim the Good News of Jesus Christ in the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis. It seeks to inform, educate, evangelize and foster a spirit of community within the Catholic Church by disseminating news in a professional manner and serving as a forum for discussion of contemporary issues. Vol. 16 — No. 6 MOST REVEREND JOHN C. NIENSTEDT Publisher BOB ZYSKOWSKI JOE TOWALSKI Associate publisher Editor Materials credited to CNS copyrighted by Catholic News Service. All other materials copyrighted by Catholic Spirit Publishing Company. Subscriptions: $29.95 per year To subscribe: (651) 291-4444 Display Advertising: (651) 291-4444 Classified advertising: (651) 290-1631 Published bi-weekly by the Catholic Spirit Publishing Company, a non-profit Minnesota Corporation, 244 Dayton Ave., St. Paul, MN 55102 (651) 2914444, FAX (651) 291-4460. Periodicals postage paid at St. Paul, MN, and additional post offices. Postmaster: Send address changes to The Catholic Spirit, 244 Dayton Ave., St. Paul, MN 55102. e-mail: USPS #093-580

Dave Hrbacek / The Catholic Spirit

From left, August, Tim, Nicole and Adeline Roach put their trust in God.

stepped that, I think, to try to entice me to say yes. But, I said, ‘Wait a minute. It’s a Planned Parenthood.’”

Facing financial fears And, just like that, Tim went back to being unemployed with no immediate prospects — and his unemployment benefits set to run out sometime this month. Fortunately, his wife, Nicole, 37, has a full-time job as a media specialist for Akin Road Elementary School in Farmington. Still, things are tight financially for the family, which also includes 11-year-old Adeline. Though Tim was quick to turn down the offer — the phone conversation lasted only about a minute — Nicole was slower to embrace his decision, mainly

because she works with the family budget and has dealt with the financial stress of Tim’s lengthy unemployment. “The first thing I wanted to do was justify [taking the job],” she said, when Tim called her moments after he turned it down. “It’s just a clinic. No, it isn’t. “Through this whole process, our faith has deepened,” she said. “We feel like it was a test of our faith. We chose to stand by our faith.” To some outside observers, this is another important way of being pro-life. Perhaps, not as direct as picketing an abortion clinic, it, nonetheless, sends a message about the sanctity of human life, says Sharon Wilson, respect life coordinator for the archdiocesan Office of Marriage, Family and Life.

“What struck me most is that he turned it down immediately,” she said. “He had within himself that sort of moral upbringing that had him immediately recognize that this was not the right thing to do [take the job].” Shortly after making his decision, Tim’s story was sent out via e-mail. It landed on the computer of Father Erik Lundgren, associate pastor of Divine Mercy, who parlayed it into one of his homilies. In the Gospel reading for that Sunday, Jesus tells his disciples that they can’t serve both God and money. ”I just thought it was an inspiring example to everyone in our parish, in the zeal that’s necessary for us Catholics to take into the pro-life debate, the pro-life struggle,” Father Lundgren said. “It’s inspiring to me as a priest. Here at Divine Mercy, the words, ‘Jesus, I trust in you’ are written on our baptismal font, and that’s what it’s all about.” That’s the kind of trust the Roach family is taking up as Tim continues to look for a job. Ultimately, his goal is to start up his own company, but he will need to earn and save money to make that happen. In the meantime, he is eager to take any work he can find. One asset that both he and Nicole have is a sense of peace that wasn’t there just a few months ago. “In the last six months, we’ve learned to take our fears and worries and give them to God,” Nicole said. “It’s really changed me and my faith. I feel like I’m proud to be a Catholic and proud to take a stand against abortion.”

Bishops lobby on education, life, family, vulnerable Editor’s note: The following is a legislative update provided by the Minnesota Catholic Conference, which advocates on behalf of the state’s bishops for public policies and programs that support the life and dignity of every human person.

Stay connected Visit WWW.MNCC.ORG for updates and action alerts on issues important to the MCC and Catholics around the state. You can also find the MCC on Facebook and Twitter (@MNCatholicConf).

The Minnesota Catholic Conference has been busy lately with many fast-moving bills at the State Legislature. Here is an update on some current proposals:

Faith in the Public Arena



House File 273, which provides enrollment options for students in persistently low-performing schools, was being heard in the House Education Finance Committee on March 14. MCC supports this bill because it provides private school scholarship assistance to low-income students who are enrolled in persistently low-performing public schools. Students from St. Pascal Baylon School in St. Paul and Cristo Rey Jesuit High School in Minneapolis came to the State Office Building to record their testimony. It was a great opportunity for students to explain to our lawmakers how Catholic schools can provide opportunities for high achievement for every family that would like to choose Catholic education, regardless of income level. The MCC supports Senate File 641, The Equity and Opportunity in Education Tax Credit, which will create an 80 percent tax credit for those who choose to donate

Minnesota Catholic Conference

Dianne Towalski / The Catholic Spirit

Cristo Rey Twin Cities senior Trinere Montgomery tells why schools like hers are important during videotaped testimony at the State Office building in St. Paul March 9. Her taped testimony, as well that of several other students attending Catholic schools in the archdiocese, was to be shown to the Senate Education Committee as it debates a bill on school choice.

money to an educational scholarship foundation. Scholarships will go to lowincome children who will then be able to attend the K-12 school of their choice. Additionally, there will be scholarships available for all Minnesota children ages 3 to 5 to attend the preschool of their choice. This bill was to be heard in two Senate committees on March 15 and March 17.

House File 936, a bill that will protect pain-capable unborn children by prohibiting abortions at or after 20 weeks of gestation, was scheduled for a hearing in the House Committee on Health and Human Services Reform March 16. The bill allows for exceptions to this prohibition when abortion is necessary to save the life or avert serious risk of physical impairment of the mother. There is a wealth of evidence that shows that a developing unborn child is capable of experiencing pain by 20 weeks after fertilization. Life advocates are very hopeful that these facts will help this legislation pass and survive court challenges. MCC also supports House File 998, which would prohibit human cloning, and House File 201, which would limit use of state funds for abortions. Both bills were to be heard in committees March 15 and 16.

Family Authors for a bill for a constitutional amendment that will defend the definiPLEASE TURN TO SOCIAL ON PAGE 22




In game of life, faith, forgiveness and love are key Archbishop Nienstedt, former hockey player among those addressing 1,000 men at conference

that right now. This is a Game Seven.” Archbishop John Nienstedt greets Jack McGinty, left, a junior at TotinoGrace High School in Fridley and member of St. Vincent de Paul in Brooklyn Park, and Thomas Dzurik, a sophomore at Benilde-St. Margaret’s School in St. Louis Park and member of St. Thomas the Apostle in Corcoran, during the Archdiocesan Men’s Conference March 12 at the Cathedral of St. Paul.

By Dave Hrbacek The Catholic Spirit

With state high school champions to be crowned that day, St. Paul was abuzz with hockey on March 12. But hours before the Xcel Energy Center would fill to near capacity for the Class A and AA title games, the Cathedral of St. Paul was jammed with nearly 1,000 men doing some cheering of their own. Father Bill Baer, pastor of Transfiguration in Oakdale, acknowledged puck fever as he addressed the men gathered for the Archdiocesan Men’s Conference right after the event’s kickoff Mass. “There are two groups of people in Minnesota,” he said, “those who know about hockey and those who know a lot about hockey.”

Fighting for our faith With an archbishop who likes the sport and a former Minnesota Wild player in attendance, it would have been tough to ignore the crown jewel of high school sports tournaments in the state. Yet, puck talk was kept to a minimum by the conference’s main speakers, which included Archbishop John Nienstedt, who, the day before, took a short break to go watch eventual-state champion St. Thomas Academy play in the Class A

Dave Hrbacek / The Catholic Spirit

semifinals. Even Wes Walz, who played for the Wild from 2000 to 2007, talked less about hockey and more about his faith life, which he said has greatly deepened since retiring from the game. He centered his talk on a Scripture verse, Luke 12:8-9, in which Jesus says, “I tell you, everyone who acknowledges me before others the Son of Man will acknowledge before the angels of God. But, whoever denies me before others will be denied before the angels of God.” “I read that passage and it spoke volumes to me and really reached out to

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me,” said Walz, a member of St. Ambrose in Woodbury with his wife, Kerry-Anne, and their five children. “We need to fight for our faith, we need to be loyal to our faith. It’s important to get it right.” He noted that this is an important time in our culture for men to practice and stand up for their faith. He even compared its importance to the playoff games he played in with the Wild. “The best players always step up and play their best in big games,” said Walz, whose son, Kelvin, a senior at East Ridge High School in Woodbury, came with him to the conference. “We need to do

United in faith Echoing Walz’ sense of urgency was Archbishop Nienstedt, whose talk came at the end of the conference. He commended the men for coming together, then offered some challenges. “Like any leader, the archbishop needs his men marching alongside him,” he said. “And, for this we have come here today; we rally together, united as a community of believers standing under the banner of our Catholic faith.” He encouraged the men to be a blessing to their family, their church and the broader community. Part of that role calls for them to be “agents of God’s forgiveness.” “We all need forgiveness, we all need mercy — no exceptions,” he said. “This is one of the underlying themes that marks the season of Lent.” The archbishop stressed the need for the sacraments of penance and Eucharist, exhorting the men to receive both regularly. Further, he called the men to spend time in eucharistic adoration. “By spending time with the Master in silent adoration,” he said, “we slowly begin to learn the lessons of his life, a life of service and silent listening to the voice of the Father.” As one of the speakers, Dave Rinaldi of NET Ministries, noted, it is these types of things that bring men the ultimate in PLEASE TURN TO AT MEN’S ON PAGE 22




Immigration policy ‘unjust,’ says St. Paul pastor Priest tells how immigration policy stirs fear in parishioners

Church’s teaching on immigration explained

By Julie Carroll The Catholic Spirit

What topics would you like The Catholic Spirit to report on in upcoming issues? That’s the question posed to pastors in a recent e-mail. One of the most passionate responses came from Father Eugene Michel, OFM, of Sacred Heart in St. Paul, who requested we do an article examining the impact of U.S. immigration policy on his parishioners, First in a many of whom are undocumented. three-part He invited me to hear his and their series stories. “Here at Sacred Heart, as I look out over the congregations on Saturday evening and Sunday morning, I wager (something I cannot prove) that some 90-95 percent are undocumented,” Father Eugene wrote in a Feb. 15 e-mail to The Catholic Spirit. (He prefers to use his first name, according to Franciscan tradition.) The majority of parishioners at Sacred Heart hail from Mexico, followed by El Salvador, Father Eugene said. Others come from Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and several non-Hispanic countries. “I wish you could hear them pray the Stations of the Cross when we use the version that contemporizes the suffering of Jesus as lived and experienced in the undocumented day by day, in the ‘body of Christ,’ if you will,” he continued. “Each of the stations can be contemporized — all 14 of them. The only one that cannot be fully contemporized is the so-called 15th station — the Resurrection.” With this issue of The Catholic Spirit, we’re kicking off a three-part series on immigration. For the first article, we asked Father Eugene, who has spent the past 33 years ministering to immigrants at parishes in San Antonio, Chicago and St. Paul, to tell us his views on immigration and what it’s like to pastor an “immigrant church.” In subsequent issues, we have invited immigrants from Sacred Heart to tell us about the circumstances that brought them to this country and what life is like for them now. “The article[s] . . . [would] not be from ‘our’ perspective or opinion or even observation,” as Father Eugene suggested, “rather, words spoken by the ‘undocumented’ themselves.”

‘Beacon on the hill’ Sacred Heart parish was founded by German immigrants on St. Paul’s east side in 1881. The current church building, known by parishioners as “the beacon on the hill,” overlooks the Mississippi River in St. Paul’s picturesque Dayton’s Bluff neighborhood. As I drove past ornate Queen Anne Victorians, brownstones and brick manors leading to the church, I couldn’t help but notice that the once thriving neighborhood had fallen on hard times. In recent years, Dayton’s Bluff has become home to a growing immigrant community — many of them Latinos who attend Sacred Heart, or Sagrado Corazón in Spanish. Of the 1,000 or so people who show up for Mass on the weekends, about 800 are Latinos, Father Eugene estimated. The priest greeted me last week at his office in the basement of the former Sacred Heart School building. He wore his brown Franciscan habit for the interview because, he stressed, his views on immigration have been shaped by his Franciscan values. Seated at the head of a long table, a framed picture of Our Lady of Guadalupe with a Franciscan cross dangling below it on the wall behind him, Father Eugene told me about his parish and the challenges his parishioners face. Below are excerpts from our conversation. How has ministering to immigrants shaped how you feel about the issue of immigration? Working with immigrants directly is like putting a human face on the issue. The church has said everything that’s supposed to be

“The issue of

immigration is not a thing; it’s human beings, people.


said about this, that is, in the documents that the bishops put out some years ago. [See related sidebar.] All of that was said very well, and it was true and it was good. But it doesn’t have a face on it. The issue of immigration is not a thing; it’s human beings, people. Why is immigration something that Catholics in particular should care about? As Catholics, we take seriously the words that come out of the Scriptures. When Cain is asked by God, “Where is your brother, Abel?” he says, “Well, am I my brother’s keeper?” We’ve got to be our brother’s and sister’s keeper. We don’t have a choice about that if we’re going to call ourselves Christians. Over and over again, the Scriptures say things like God hears the cry of the poor, he is attentive to the poor, he acts kindly toward the poor. And in one of the prayers of the church, . . . it refers to “the poor, to whom Christ has promised a chief place in heaven” — the poor, not just financially, but poor in the broader sense, too, in people caring for them, lacking acceptance and love. So we should be concerned about [immigrants] from that perspective. Have any of your parishioners been deported? If so, how did that affect you? Several. One just recently. They get sent back, and the problem is that deportation often separates the family. Sometimes we try to find some money to help them. I can’t buy tickets back to El Salvador or Mexico very often, but I’ve helped some get their tickets. It’s a sadness [when someone is deported]. It’s overwhelming at times, like how can this be? . . . The human tragedy is so clear. If a mother comes in and she’s crying and she’s got her two little children hanging on her and they’re going to be deported, it’s like they’re torn away, they’re separated. It’s hard to imagine what that would mean for me if I were being torn away and arrested and dropped off at the border. What would you say to people who don’t feel much compassion for the plight of undocumented immigrants because they say they have broken our laws? A few months ago, a mother of a family said, “Father, every night we go to bed — nos acostamos pensando quizás hoy venga la migra — thinking today maybe immigration is coming.” Now, there’s something wrong about that. Should anybody have to worry like that? We’ve created fear for the immigrant. We’re looking at laws as being more important than people.

In their 2003 pastoral letter, “Strangers No Longer: Together on the Journey of Hope,” the U.S. bishops applied the Gospel and papal teachings to U.S. immigration policy. The following governing principles as to how the church should respond to immigration policy proposals are explained in the letter: 1. People have the right to find opportunities in their homeland. A person has a right not to migrate. Economic, social and political conditions in a person’s homeland should provide an opportunity for a person to work and support his or her family with dignity and safety. Efforts should be made to address global economic inequities through just trade practices, economic development and debt relief. 2. People have the right to migrate to support themselves and their families. When people are unable to find work and support their families, they have a right to migrate to other countries and work. The right to emigrate applies when there are just reasons for it. Today, global poverty is rampant and political unrest has resulted in wars and persecution. Consequently, migrants who are forced to leave their homelands to survive and support their families must be given special consideration. 3. Sovereign nations have a right to control their borders. The church recognizes the right of sovereign nations to protect and control their borders. However, it is not an absolute right. Nations also have an obligation to the universal common good, and thus should seek to accommodate migration to the greatest extent possible. According to Catholic social teaching, powerful economic nations, such as the United States, have a higher obligation to serve the universal common good. 4. Refugees and asylum seekers should be afforded protection. People who flee their homelands because they fear persecution should be afforded safe haven and protection in another country. The United States should employ a refugee and asylum system that protects asylum seekers and refugees, and offers them a haven from persecution. 5. The human rights and dignity of undocumented immigrants should be respected. People who enter a nation without proper authorization or who over-stay their visas should be treated with respect and dignity. They should not be detained in deplorable conditions for lengthy periods of time, shackled or abused. They should be afforded due process of the law and, if applicable, allowed to articulate a fear of returning to their home before a qualified adjudicator. — From WWW.MNCC.ORG For more information about immigration from a Catholic perspective, including a June 2010 statement by Minnesota’s bishops calling for comprehensive immigration reform, go to WWW.MNCC.ORG/ISSUES/IMMIGRATION-SUNDAY.

No one should have to be in the shadows. It’s about human dignity. What changes to our immigration system would you like to see? Our immigration laws need to be changed and made just. One thing I think is very unjust is it takes forever to become a citizen. It’s so long that they can’t survive. And the present system splits up families. Of course, there have to be laws; we can’t just open up the border. People do need to have good reasons for coming here. But, I think there should be an amnesty program like there was back in the ‘80s that would not touch anybody here already. Let’s start from scratch. The Catholic perspective, and the popes have been very clear about this, is that people have a right to seek a better life and to be able to support their families. We, as Catholics, need to welcome [immigrants], wherever they’re coming from, with open arms.

“May the bereaved and injured be comforted and may the rescue workers be strengthened in their efforts to assist the courageous Japanese people.” Pope Benedict XVI

Nation/World MARCH 17, 2011

News from around the U.S. and the globe

The Catholic Spirit


Prayers, aid offered in wake Japan disaster Briefly Catholic leaders hail death penalty repeal

Catholic News Service As the magnitude of the disaster in Japan unfolded, religious and humanitarian aid organizations stepped up efforts to provide assistance. The earthquake was followed by tsunamis that wiped out entire cities and by fears of catastrophe at nuclear power stations damaged in the quake. Government officials estimated that tens of thousands of people lost their lives in the March 11 disasters. The Diocese of Sendai includes the areas hardest-hit in the disaster, reported the Asian church news agency UCA News.

The repeal of the death penalty “advances the development of a culture of life in our state,” the Catholic Conference of Illinois said March 9. “As we begin the Lenten season . . . and we reflect on the crucifixion of Jesus and the mystery of his death and resurrection, there is no better time for this landmark law to be approved,” said the conference, which represents the state's Catholic bishops on public policy issues. The statement was issued the same day Gov. Pat Quinn signed into law a bill to abolish the death penalty, making Illinois the 16th U.S. state to do so.

Communication disrupted Father Peter Shiro Komatsu, diocesan chancellor, said March 14 that Bishop Martin Tetsuo Hiraga of Sendai was unharmed but had not received complete reports on the damage because telecommunications remained disrupted. The priest said diocesan officials did not know about what had happened to several churches along the coast. He said one church in Fukushima was destroyed and eight churches in Sendai were either unaffected or only slightly damaged. The diocese said Father Andre Lachapelle of the Quebec Foreign Mission Society had died en route from Sendai to his church about nine miles away. There were conflicting reports of whether he suffered a heart attack or was lost in a tsunami. Niigata Bishop Isao Kikuchi, president of Caritas Japan, said, “We have received so many e-mails from all continents, filled with words of compassion and prayer. We are very grateful for this solidarity. We believe that aid activity is needed, but prayer is also important in such a situation.” Pope Benedict XVI was among those sending his prayers.

Liturgical Press reorganizes

CNS photo / Yomiuri Shimbun / Reuters

A Japan civil defense officer holds a 4-month-old baby girl who was rescued along with her family from their home in Ishimaki, northern Japan, March 14.

How to help Visit HTTP://CRS.ORG/JAPAN to learn more about how to contribute to Catholic Relief Services’ earthquake and tsunami recovery efforts.

The U.S. bishops’ Catholic Relief Services was working with Caritas Japan. In a statement, Caritas Japan said it would concentrate its efforts on meeting the needs of people with no access to public services and on the rehabilitation phase of recovery.

Pope remembers assassinated Pakistani minister Bishops recognize Shahbaz Bhatti as martyr

mote their equal dignity,” the pope said March 6 during his midday Angelus address.

Catholic News Service

A radical Muslim group is suspected of murdering Bhatti, who was killed in his car in Islamabad March 2.

Pope Benedict XVI prayed that the assassination of Pakistan’s minister for minorities would awaken people’s consciences to the need to protect the freedom of religious minorities. “I ask the Lord Jesus that the moving sacrifice of the life of the Pakistani minister, Shahbaz Bhatti, will BHATTI awaken in people’s consciences courage and a commitment to safeguarding the religious freedom of all men and women and, in that way, pro-

He was the first Catholic to serve as minister for minorities and was outspoken against Pakistan’s anti-blasphemy laws, which Christians say have been used to persecute religious minorities. Jesuit Father Federico Lombardi, Vatican spokesman, said Bhatti will be remembered as “a valiant witness of faith and justice.” Bhatti was the second Pakistani official to be assassinated for opposing the antiblasphemy laws. Salman Taseer, a Muslim and governor of Punjab province, was killed Jan. 4.

Meanwhile, an official of the bishops’ conference of Pakistan said the group would meet in late March to review a proposal to ask the Vatican formally to identify Bhatti as a martyr.

Telling the story Bishop Andrew Francis of Multan, president of the bishops’ Commission for Interreligious Dialogue, drafted the proposal and told the Vatican’s missionary news agency, Fides, “Bhatti is a man who gave his life for his crystalline faith in Jesus Christ. It is up to us, the bishops, to tell his story and experience to the church in Rome, to call for official recognition of his martyrdom.” Catholic bishops in the United States and Canada were among those who spoke out against Bhatti’s murder, noting that he had promoted interfaith dialogue.

Liturgical Press, the 85-year-old publishing house of St. John’s Abbey in Collegeville, has announced a reorganization that involves the creation of two new market departments and five new positions. Hans Christoffersen, until now editorial director of Liturgical Press, was named publisher for academic and trade markets, while Patricia “Trish” Sullivan Vanni, former project director of the national Emerging Models of Pastoral Leadership Project, was appointed publisher for the parish market. The reorganization coincides with the launch of Give Us This Day, a new monthly publication designed to support daily prayer.

Cardinal expresses sorrow for abuse The stations of the cross and the sacrament of reconciliation served as solemn settings for the penitential service that Cardinal Justin Rigali of Philadelphia led to address the clergy sexual abuse crisis March 11 in the Cathedral Basilica of SS. Peter and Paul. “We know that the expiation of all the sins of the world is accomplished only by Jesus through his suffering, death and resurrection,” said the cardinal in his homily for the evening service. In response to a Feb. 10 grand jury report that cited 37 priests as continuing in ministry in the Philadelphia Archdiocese despite credible allegations of sex abuse against them, the cardinal has taken several steps, including placing priests on administrative leave while an independent investigation is conducted. — Catholic News Service

“[Justice] challenges both unions and management to work for the common good, to make sacrifices when required, and to adjust to new economic realities.” From a statement on collective bargaining by Ohio’s Catholic bishops

This Catholic Life 8

The Catholic Spirit

Opinion, feedback and points to ponder

MARCH 17, 2011

U.S. bishops support unions but call for their cooperation mid ongoing battles between Republican governors and organized labor in Midwestern states, U.S. Catholic bishops have echoed the long-standing church tradition of workers’ rights. But they have also noted that there are no easy-fix solutions in today’s battered economy. They have urged workers and government officials to work for the common good and called on the members of public employee unions to make sacrifices. The bishops’ words haven’t gone Carol unnoticed. Just as this debate has Zimmermann stirred passions across the country, people have criticized the U.S. bishops for either being too supportive of unions or not supportive enough. Catholics on both sides of the issue also have weighed in on what’s best for workers and the country as a whole. “Hard times do not nullify the moral obligation each of us has to respect the legitimate rights of workers,” Milwaukee Archbishop Jerome Listecki said in midFebruary, during angry protests in Wisconsin over Gov. Scott Walker’s proposal to curb public employees’ collective bargaining power for benefits and increase the premiums they pay for health care and their pension contributions. After a three-week standoff that brought tens of thousands of protesters to Wisconsin’s state capitol, the state’s Senate Republicans passed the governor’s plan March 9, bypassing Democratic senators who fled the state to block the legislation. The next day, the state Assembly passed a slimmed-down version of the bill that stripped nearly all collective bargaining rights from most public workers. The country has been watching Wisconsin as a possible indicator of a larger trend since legislatures in Ohio, Indiana, Iowa, Idaho, Tennessee, Kansas and Michigan also are looking at ways to curb union rights. Currently in the United States, more than one-third of public employees — including teachers, police and civil service workers — belong to unions, while only 6.9 percent of private-sector workers are unionized. In the debate’s early stage, Archbishop Listecki balanced his remarks by saying that not “every claim made by workers or their representatives is valid” and that unions need to “make sacrifices when required” in adjusting to “new economic realities.” His statement was issued on behalf of the state’s bishops and released by the Wisconsin Catholic Conference. Bishop Stephen Blaire of Stockton, Calif., chairman of the U.S. bishops’ domestic policy committee, called the statement a “timely reminder of what the church teaches on the rights and duties of workers.” President Barack Obama has been mostly quiet on the issue but gave a nod to unions in the Wisconsin battle, telling a Milwaukee television station that attempts to make it harder for public employees to engage in collective bargaining “seems like more of an assault on unions.” Federal law does not allow U.S. government workers a right to collective bargaining over wages and benefits.

Novarum”) (“Of New Things”) in 1891 argued that workers had rights to good wages and a decent work environment. Pope John Paul II’s 1981 encyclical, “Laborem Exercens” (“On Human Work”) called labor unions a “mouthpiece for the struggle for social justice.” And Pope Benedict XVI’s “Caritas in Veritate” (“Charity in Truth”) in 2009 said workers’ unions should be “honored today even more than in the past.”



Striking a balance Wisconsin’s capital city of Madison, the epicenter of the labor debate, was also where people were looking for the church’s response. A statement on Madison’s diocesan website in mid-February said “any report or claim stating that the church stands on one side, or another, of this issue is mistaken.” This message was reiterated by Madison Bishop Robert Morlino in recent columns in the Catholic Herald, the diocesan newspaper. In the ongoing dispute,

Educational opportunity

CNS photo / Jim West

Union members in Columbus, Ohio, rally March 1 against a bill that would restrict collective bargaining for public employees.

“Hard times do not nullify the moral obligation each of us has to respect the legitimate rights of workers.


he said there was no definitive answer based on church teaching. “Some people think that the teaching of the church is, ‘Support unions in every time, in every place, in every situation, no matter what,’” he wrote. “However, this is not the teaching of the church.” In Ohio, legislation to limit unions’ collective bargaining rights was recently passed by the Senate and is awaiting action by the House. The state’s bishops have reiterated church teaching on labor, saying workers deserved just wages and benefits, decent working conditions and the ability to organize and engage in collective bargaining. In the Feb. 28 statement, issued by the Ohio Catholic Conference, the bishops also urged that “unions and management work for the common good, to make sacrifices when required and to adjust to new economic realities.” The church’s position on labor is spelled out in papal encyclicals from 1891 to 2009. Pope Leo XIII’s (“Rerum

Church teaching on work has always been “quite clear and quite consistent,” Clayton Sinyai, treasurer of the Catholic Labor Network, told Catholic News Service March 4. He said one positive aspect of the current debate about unions is that it has provided “an educational moment for the country” and made people think about “the importance of collective bargaining.” Joseph Fahey, professor of religious studies at Manhattan College in New York and chairman of Catholic Scholars for Worker Justice, agreed, comparing the focused attention on workers to a “great awakening.” He said in previous generations, more priests and bishops might have been visible in the picket lines, but even if they weren’t today, he was impressed with the way Catholic social teaching on labor has been vocalized. He said Catholics and non-Catholics seem aware of church teaching on workers’ rights and the function of work. But the discrepancy between the church’s teaching on labor and barred unions at some Catholic hospitals and diocesan schools has not gone unnoticed. Sinyai said he is asked about this by labor organizers, and Fahey said it “breaks my heart.” Father Robert Sirico, president of the Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty, an economics think tank based in Grand Rapids, Mich., said unions should not necessarily get unilateral support from Catholics. On the organization’s website March 2, the priest from the Diocese of Kalamazoo, Mich., said there is a “long-standing bias in Catholic social teaching toward unions” that he found exaggerated. “Just because something is called a union does not make it automatically good and moral,” he said, noting that Catholics need to ask themselves if the unions they support are “the same type that are idealized in Catholic social teaching.” As a case in point, he mentioned a teacher who was a union member who was opposed to his union dues being used to support candidates who support laws in favor of abortion. Sifting through questions about unions and their place within church tradition and modern life does not always yield easy answers. David Gregory, executive director of the Center for Labor and Employment Law at St. John’s University School of Law in Queens, N.Y., hopes to shed some light on this topic at an upcoming conference at the Vincentian school: “The Theology of Work and the Dignity of Workers Conference.” The March 18-19 conference, bringing church and labor leaders together, has been planned for months, long before unions were a hot news topic. Gregory hopes the “timeless truth” of the church’s voice for labor will be “made more timely” as people more fully understand it. Carol Zimmermann is a staff writer at Catholic News Service.

This Catholic Life / Opinion-Letters



Honoring the memory of a martyr ne of the features of The Catholic Spirit’s Overheard section is a collection of quotes from newsmakers around the world. Just last month, the page included a quote from Shahbaz Bhatti, a Catholic who served as Pakistan’s minister of minorities. “I follow the principles of my conscience, and I am ready to die and sacrifice my life for the principles I believe,” said Bhatti, who refused to stop speaking against his country’s blasphemy laws — which Christians say are being used to persecute religious minorities — despite being targeted for assassination by religious extremists. Bhatti paid the ultimate price for his principles: He was gunned down in his car March 2 on the way to his office. Up until his death, it was clear he was strengthened and sustained by his faith. One Pakistani bishop recalled Bhatti’s daily routine: “He would go to see his mother, he would pray with her, then he would call me and ask me every morning to pray for him.” Christians in other parts of the world — including Iraq and Egypt — face similar threats for worshipping and living the principles of their faith.


Editorial Joe Towalski

Assassinated government minister in Pakistan sacrificed his life for his faith and beliefs

Called to shine It’s a reality few of us in the Unit-

“Too often, we lack the fortitude to witness to our faith in much smaller ways in our day-today lives.


ed States can relate to. Almost none of us will ever be in a situation comparable to Bhatti’s — living and working in a place where we face the very real risk of death on a daily basis for practicing our Catholic faith. His courage is something to be respected and admired. But it is something that also should give us pause. Why? Because too often, we lack the fortitude to witness to our faith in much smaller ways in our day-today lives. We cave in to societal pressure or peer pressure that seeks to relegate faith to a private corner of our lives, or to a single hour on Sundays.

That’s not what Jesus wants. In the Sermon on the Mount, he told his followers not to hide their lamp under a bushel basket, but rather to “set [it] on a lampstand, where it gives light to all in the house.” This Lent gives us a good opportunity to reflect on Jesus’ words and deepen our commitment to our Catholic faith, to live like Jesus wants us to — no matter what others might say or think. How can we do that? How about starting small and saying grace before meals in restaurants, at the office or at school even if others don’t? That may seem trite to some, but we all know Catholics

who hesitate to draw any attention to their faith outside a church building, even for something as simple as prayer. In addition to grace, how about if we make a commitment to pray at a certain time each day, as Bhatti did. How about volunteering a few hours at a food shelf, pro-life pregnancy center or a parish ministry and inviting a friend or family member to join us? How about taking a further step and speaking in support of the social teachings of our church, even when doing so is difficult, inconvenient and unpopular? Are we willing to speak out in defense of the church’s teachings on life, family and care for the poor and vulnerable to help create just laws and public policies? Can we step out of our comfort zones to communicate with our legislators in support of bills that benefit the common good (see page 4)?

Honoring his memory There are numerous ways, of course, of witnessing to our faith publicly as well as privately. We likely will never face the prospect of becoming martyrs and paying the ultimate price for living our faith. But we do a disservice to the memory of people like Shahbaz Bhatti when we fail to be courageous — in large as well as small ways.

Fellow Catholic’s reflection on Cairo was inspiring I found the article “A Catholic’s reflections on Cairo” [March 3] very inspiring. It calls us to be awake to reality. If one person is aware, it affects our family members and all the people surrounding us at work and community. The article made me want to try. Our culture has become so numb. I see it as I work each day managing a salon/spa. Most people are in the compete, compare and take advantage mode. Two people at the company I work at


seemed to really care and step outside themselves to see and understand other people and cultures. I asked them if they were Catholic and went to Catholic grade school. I was right for each of them. I hope you continue to print articles like this. I find it so supportive on those days when I feel all alone and wondering if anyone is awake to the world. It is so easy to get caught up in our own little worlds. LOUISE GANGELHOFF

Where to write ■ E-mail: CATHOLICSPIRIT@ARCHSPM.ORG ■ FAX:

(651) 291-4460 ■ Mail: Letters to the Editor, The Catholic Spirit, 244 Dayton Ave., St. Paul, MN 55102 Material printed on the Opinion and Letters page does not necessarily reflect the opinions of the archdiocese or The Catholic Spirit.

Basilica of St. Mary, Minneapolis

Lent soup supper in St. Louis Park benefits sister parish CONTINUED FROM PAGE 2 formed a “living chain” or, better yet, a “human assembly line” to pass the food bags down the corridors, up the stairs, out the front doors and into the back of a semi-truck which quickly filled up with these treasures for the poor. It was a grand sight to see, one that I am sure none of those young men will ever forget. By the way, two years ago, the cadets raised 5,000 pounds of food, and last year 12,000 pounds. This year the total came to 14,250 pounds.

Another Lenten tradition The joy of Ash Wednesday continued as I journeyed in the late afternoon to the Church of the Most Holy Trinity in St. Louis Park. After a spirited liturgy, the congregation was invited downstairs to a “soup supper” on behalf of their sister parish, the Church of San Maximiliano Kolbe in Comagegüela, Honduras. The relationship between these two parish-

es began 15 years ago with a visit to MHT by a number of Conventional Franciscan Friars from the Latin American parish. A Lenten tradition then began of offering prayers, sacrifices and alms to the poor of Honduras, especially the children of the Nuestros Pequeñas Hermanos orphanage. The delicious soups (a choice of five) and breads were all donated for our supper so that all the proceeds collected could support that worthy cause. The room was full and the atmosphere was charged. What a joyful way to begin this holy season of Lent! Elsewhere in today’s Catholic Spirit is an interview I gave on the topic of confirmation, an interview that was recorded on Ash Wednesday [see page 16]. Confirmation is one of the most joyful events which I have the privilege to celebrate. I hope the article conveys how much I enjoy those liturgies! May God bless you and yours on our journey together through Lent, a time truly meant to increase our joy!

Archbishop’s schedule CONTINUED FROM PAGE 2 ■ Thursday, March 24: 9 a.m., New Brighton, Church of St. John the Baptist: Clergy Study Day. 3:30 p.m., St. Paul, Chancery: Archdiocesan Finance Council meeting. ■ Saturday, March 26: 8 a.m., St. Paul, The St. Paul Seminary: Candidacy rite for seminarian. 5 p.m., Minneapolis, Church of the Holy Name: Sunday liturgy. ■ Sunday, March 27: 9:30 a.m., Minneapolis, Church of Christ the King: Sunday liturgy. 4 p.m., Minneapolis, Church of the Holy Cross: 40 hours devotion, closing ceremony and dinner. ■ Monday, March 28: 4 p.m., West St. Paul, NET Center: NET Ministries board of directors meeting. ■ Tuesday, March 29: 8:30 a.m., St. Paul, Archbishop’s Residence: Scheduling meeting with staff. 10:30 a.m., St. Paul, Chancery: Meeting with pastor of Venezuelan mission. 1:30 p.m., St. Paul, Chancery: Archbishop’s Council meeting. ■ Wednesday, March 30: 11 a.m., St. Paul, Chancery: Meeting with leadership of Archdiocesan Council of Catholic Women. ■ Thursday, March 31: Noon, St. Paul, Archbishop’s Residence: Lunch with president of University of St. Thomas. 4 p.m., Minneapolis, Sharing and Caring Hands: Visit children’s program.




/ This Catholic Life

Lord, help us spring ahead and leap again into life ive inches of snow melted yesterday, and I could hear it dripping off the roof. It sounded like rain and looked like hope. We have been buried in five feet of snow over the course of this Minnesota winter, which isn’t over. One December Saturday brought nearly two feet, collapsing the roof of the Vikings’ Metrodome and capsizing our weekend plans. But, today, the sun is shining. A chickadee is singing. And the stems of my trimmed hydrangeas are popping out from the snow. It is a marvel to think they have slept all winter and eventually will sprout bright, fluffy bouquets. I’m reflecting on the symbols of spring in my life, the people and things that show me what it looks like to defeat winter.

F Twenty Something Christina Capecchi

I’m grateful for the people in my corner who model hope in the bleak of winter

“We 20-somethings may seem fearless, but we need to observe resilience in action, 30- and 50- and 70-somethings diving into new careers and new relationships, new homes and new hobbies.


Making the transition There’s the old oak in the backyard, spotted by moss and choked by a vine. Though it’s lost limbs and endured woodpeckers, it stands firm, fanning its gnarled branches with a peacock’s pride. Then there are the people, like the meteorologist who produced today’s snow report. Paul Douglas was laid off three years ago, but he hasn’t stopped tracking heat waves and cold fronts. He created a blog and a Twitter account, and he’s got 3,287 followers, which isn’t bad. “Entrepreneur & father of 2 amazing boys, making the transition

from old (dying) media to new media,” his Twitter profile reads. There’s the mom in snowy Fargo, raising five kids and pinching pennies, who posted on her blog a Luci Shaw poem that begins “Blessed be God for thaw.” There’s the widow in Wisconsin, who bought a new memory-free house and a 105-pound Labradoodle named Gabe. They go on walks down to the lake, and she’s begun taking him out at night to stargaze. Enveloped in the dark, she’s focusing on the tiny, twinkling

lights overhead. My 80-year-old grandma buried her husband at 44, with six children at her side, and stood beside a snowcovered gravesite this February, bidding farewell to her beloved companion Dick. During the visitation I watched her hug and comfort others, true to form. On such a sad day, there was my grandma, so beautiful and vibrant. She called the other day, and I saved her voicemail. “Just know that I’m getting along real well,” she said. “It’s just kind of one special blessing

after another going on around me.” That’s the promise of spring, packed in each sunrise, in each day we try to make a little better. This month we enter into Lent, the sober liturgical season that carries us into the ultimate springtime victory. We are prepared for the 40day journey by a Sunday Gospel reminding us how to weather the winter. Like the wise man St. Matthew describes, we must heed God’s commandments and build our homes on firm foundations. “The rain fell, the flood came, and the winds blew and buffeted the house. But it did not collapse; it had been set solidly on rock.” I’m grateful for the people in my corner who model resilience, who live with the faith that spring will always follow winter. They demonstrate the Latin meaning of the word: to be resilient, “to leap again.” We 20-somethings may seem fearless, but we need to observe resilience in action, 30- and 50- and 70-somethings diving into new careers and new relationships, new homes and new hobbies. They help us imagine our lives in unrestricted terms, to see that older can mean better. They teach us how to forgive ourselves and our loved ones, to find new strength and to leap again. Christina Capecchi is a freelance writer from Inver Grove Heights. Contact her at CHRISTINA@ READCHRISTINA.COM.

Call on principles of integrity vs. totality before drastic surgery uring the 1990s, scientists discovered two gene mutations in the BRCA family of genes that significantly increase a woman’s chances of developing breast and ovarian cancer. Consequently, as noted in a recent Los Angeles Times article by Anna Gorman, “Many oncologists recommend that women with the mutations consider having their ovaries, fallopian tubes and breasts removed prophylactically [as a precautionary measure] to reduce risk.” Yet, controversy exists regarding this recommendation. Precautionary surgery of this kind has been termed “mutilating” and “extreme” and some question whether it is, in fact, justifiable, given that the organs appear to be healthy (no cancer is yet detectable), and there is a limited probability that the disease may one day appear. Some medical professionals instead encourage frequent monitoring and screening of patients with the BRCA mutation, so that if cancer appears, and as soon as it appears, aggressive surgery could then be pursued. On one side are those who stress that the integrity and order of the human body should be respected and not unduly violated (the “Principle of Integrity”), while on the other are those who stress that an individual organ or a part of the human body may be sacrificed if that sacrifice means continued sur-

D Making Sense out of Bioethics Father Ted Pacholczyk

Risk factors besides the BRCA mutation should be considered before choosing preventative surgery

vival for the whole person (the “Principle of Totality”). The solution to the dilemma of preventative surgery will lie somewhere in the middle, with emphasis being placed upon the weightier Principle of Totality. The decision to undergo preventative surgery will thus be ethically justifiable and reasonable in certain cases.

A radical solution Nevertheless, even the scientist who discovered the BRCA mutation, Mary-Claire King has acknowledged the incredible challenge raised by her discovery. “It is a very difficult thing to recommend prophylactic oophorectomy [removal of the ovaries] when it is healthy women you are talking about. It is a radical thing to consider in a feminist age,” she said. When it comes to a bilateral mastectomy [removal of both breasts], the difficulty is only compounded. As another researcher observed, “In western society at least, there is no organ as connected to femininity, sensuality, sexuality, adulthood and motherhood as the breast.” Anna Gorman, the LA Times staff writer who tested positive for the BRCA mutation and ended up opting to have her ovaries removed, described how she could not quite bring herself to have her breasts removed as well, even though her father, grandmother and aunt had all died at an early age from cancer.

“I was still getting used to the idea of losing my ovaries,” she said. “I had always viewed a preventive mastectomy as a drastic measure. It seemed I risked losing nearly everything — at least physically — that defined me as a woman.” The real costs of this kind of surgery remind us of the importance of making a right and ethical decision for our circumstances. Although there is a heightened probability of disease, there is never any guarantee that a particular woman with the BRCA mutation will develop cancer. Some women will go on to develop cancer; others will not. So while the surgical removal of ovaries and/or breasts will prevent the disease from developing in some women, in others, it will make no difference, since they were never going to get the disease in the first place. In that situation, healthy organs (which secrete important hormones for the overall health of the person) would have been removed unnecessarily.

Benefits remain unknown As one researcher said, “Many women who undergo prophylactic mastectomy will undoubtedly benefit from it, but nobody will ever know which ones.” Given this strict inability to know who will develop cancer and who will not, other risk factors besides the BRCA mutation should be carefully considered before choosing to

undergo preventative surgery. A strong family history of breast cancer at an early age, the absence of a full term pregnancy, an abortion or miscarriage of the first pregnancy, or a male relative who develops breast cancer are among the factors known to increase a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer. In the end, after careful weighing and reflection, a woman should personally be convinced that she will develop cancer in the future in order to justify undergoing this radical kind of surgery. Even in the face of several known risk factors, however, a woman may still wish to delay such preventative surgery until she has had the opportunity to have children, or she may freely choose against it altogether. To sum up then, even though a woman with multiple risk factors can never categorically prove that she will develop cancer in the future, she may nevertheless arrive at prudential certitude that she will develop the disease after carefully assessing the various risk factors. Insofar as she achieves that prudential certitude within herself, she not only may, but ought to consider seriously the possibility of undergoing risk-reduction surgery. Father Tadeusz Pacholczyk is a priest of the diocese of Fall River, Mass. He serves as the education director at The National Catholic Bioethics Center in Philadelphia. See WWW.NCBCENTER.ORG.

“The point of the sacrament is not to be chastised or punished, but to experience the healing love and forgiveness of Jesus.” Father Rick Hilgartner, executive director of the U.S. bishops’ Secretariat of Divine Worship

The Lesson Plan Reflections on faith and spirituality

The Catholic Spirit

MARCH 17, 2011


It’s time to ask forgiveness of God and community By Father Michael Van Sloun For The Catholic Spirit

This holy season of Lent is a time to repent and turn away from sin. One highly recommended way to do that is through the sacrament of reconciliation. Lent is a penitential season, a special time to acknowledge the reality of sin in our lives, specifically to admit our sins, confess them and be absolved of them. Jesus named this concern at the beginning of his preaching ministry when he said, “Repent, and believe in the Gospel” (Mark 1:15). Another translation of this verse is used for the signing with ashes on Ash Wednesday, “Turn away from sin and believe in the Gospel.” Jesus wants to forgive us. He was extremely compassionate and merciful to sinners. Jesus said, “I have come to call sinners” (Mark 2:17). He was even a friend to sinners (Luke 7:34). He welcomed them and ate with them (Luke 15:2). When the sinful woman washed his feet with her tears, Jesus said, “Your sins are forgiven” (Luke 7:48). As Jesus hung on the cross and looked down upon those who accused and tortured him, he prayed, “Father, forgive them” (Luke 23:34). When the repentant criminal said, “Jesus, remember me,” Jesus replied, “Today you will be with me in paradise” (Luke 23:42,43). After the apostles abandoned and denied Jesus, his first words to them were, “Peace be with you” (John 20:19). As Jesus forgave them, he also wants to forgive us.

Sacrament for forgiveness Jesus instituted the sacrament of reconciliation to make his forgiveness accessible to the generations to follow. When Jesus commissioned Peter, he said, “I will give

Photo by Father Michael Van Sloun

Jesus embraces a sinner in stained glass at St. John the Baptist in New Brighton.

you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven” (Matthew 16:19). The keys represent the authority of Peter and his

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successors, bishops and priests, to absolve sins. Jesus stated this more explicitly when he appeared to his disciples in the Upper Room. “He breathed on them and said to them, ‘Receive the Holy Spirit. Whose sins you forgive are forgiven them” (John 20:22, 23). Jesus instructed his disciples to be his agents in dispensing his forgiveness. It is necessary to go to a priest and confess one’s sins to receive sacramental absolution, and there are many reasons for this. First and foremost — Jesus commissioned his disciples to forgive sinners, and today priests, alone, carry out this apostolic role (Canon 965). It is consistent with our Jewish heritage in which a priest offered a sacrificial lamb as a sin offering on behalf of the sinner, and served as a go-between to help secure God’s pardon. The sacraments are not self-administered, but rather mediated by a priest who serves as a conduit between God and the penitent, a channel of God’s grace. The priest acts in persona Christi, in the person of Christ. With faith, we believe that when the penitent speaks to the priest, the penitent speaks to Christ, and when the priest speaks, the priest speaks on behalf of Christ. The priest gives Christ a human face and voice, and when the priest says, “I absolve you,” it is Christ who absolves. The priest also acts in persona ecclesia, in the person of the church. Our sins not only offend God, they also harm others, and if fully disclosed, they might cause scandal and more extensive damage, so when a penitent admits their sins, the penitent also seeks the pardon of the community. When the priest absolves, he acts on behalf of the church to grant the community’s forgiveness. Finally, the priest gives the sacrament a personal touch. It provides the opportunity for individualized PLEASE TURN TO FAITH ON PAGE 15

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A closer look at the newly revised Bib The revised New American Bible was released March 9 and includes the first revised translation since 1970 of the Old Testament. The Bible will be available over time in an assortment of print, audio and electronic formats, from a variety of publishers. The following Q&A about the revised version is provided by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops.

15). “Even though they contain imperfect and provisional,” (DV of the Old Testament bear witne whole divine pedagogy of God’s these writings “are a storehouse teaching on God and of sound w human life, as well as a wonderf prayers; in them, too, the myste salvation is present in a hidden Christians venerate the Old Te true Word of God (CCC, 121-12

Q: Why do we need a new translation? The Bible hasn’t changed, has it? A: The Bible hasn’t changed. However, our knowledge about the Bible has changed. New translations and revision of existing translations are required from time to time for various reasons. It is important to keep pace with the discovery and publication of new and better ancient manuscripts (e.g., the Dead Sea Scrolls) so the best possible textual tradition will be followed, as required by “Divino afflante spiritu” [Pope Pius XII’s 1943 encyclical on the nature of the Bible]. There are advances in linguistics of the biblical languages which make possible a better understanding and more accurate translation of the original languages. And there are changes and developments in vocabulary and the cultural background of English. Q: Will this Bible be used at Mass? A: The Lectionary (book of Scripture readings) used at Mass is based on the 1970 New American Bible (NAB) Old Testament and the 1986 New American Bible New Testament. (Some changes were made to accommodate public proclamation of brief excerpts.) At present, there is no plan to use the New American Bible, Revised Edition. Q: Can I still read my old Bible? A: Of course. Older editions are not made invalid by new translations. However, the

Q: Does this Bible use inclusiv A: The text is somewhat more than the original NAB, produced such concerns were non-existen minor ways since most of the m especially in the narrative books specific. Attempts along this line modest and only in language ref people, not language referring to

Q: Has the Vatican approved A: No. The Holy See does not approve translations of Scripture are intended for use in the liturg future, the U.S. bishops approve the Old Testament for use in the will be submitted to the Holy Se approval. scholarship underlying the new translation may help you come to a deeper and richer understanding of the meaning of God’s Word. Q: Why was only the Old Testament revised? What about the New Testament? A: The New Testament was revised in 1986. Much of the work on the 1970 Old Testament was done in the 1950s and was, therefore, in greatest need of updating. Q: Do Catholics even need to read the

Old Testament? A: As the Catechism of the Catholic Church states: The Old Testament is an indispensable part of Sacred Scripture. Its books are divinely inspired and retain a permanent value, (cf. “Dei Verbum” [DV] 14) for the Old Covenant has never been revoked. Indeed, “the economy of the Old Testament was deliberately so oriented that it should prepare for and declare in prophecy the coming of Christ, redeemer of all men” (DV

Q: When will I be able to buy Who will publish it? A: The New American Bible, R became available for purchase on though not all publishers will ha available at that time. A list of li publishers is posted at HTTP://WWW.USCCB.ORG/NAB/BIBLE/N This page will be updated as new are announced.

Q: Will it be available online?

To more clearly express the meaning of the o

Compare and contrast: Samples of revised text To be closer to the original text Old text Sirach 4:11-19: Wisdom instructs her children and admonishes those who seek her. He who loves her loves life; those who seek her out win her favor. He who holds her fast inherits glory; wherever he dwells, the Lord bestows blessings. Those who serve her serve the Holy One; those who love her the Lord loves. He who obeys her judges nations; he who hearkens to her dwells in her inmost chambers. If one trusts her, he will possess her; his descendants too will inherit her. She walks with him as a stranger, and at first she puts him to the test; Fear and dread she brings upon him and tries him with her discipline; With her precepts she puts him to the proof, until his heart is fully with her. Then she comes back to bring him happiness and reveal her secrets to him. But if he fails her, she will abandon him and deliver him into the hands of despoilers.

Revised text Sirach 4:11-19: Wisdom teaches her children and admonishes all who can understand her. Those who love her love life; those who seek her out win the LORD’s favor. Those who hold her fast will attain glory, and they shall abide in the blessing of the LORD. Those who serve her serve the Holy One; those who love her the Lord loves. “Whoever obeys me will judge nations; whoever listens to me will dwell in my inmost chambers. If they remain faithful, they will possess me; their descendants too will inherit me. “I will walk with them in disguise, and at first I will test them with trials. Fear and dread I will bring upon them and I will discipline them with my constraints. When their hearts are fully with me, then I will set them again on the straight path and reveal my secrets to them. But if they turn away from me, I will abandon them and deliver them over to robbers.”

Old text Joel 3:1-5: Then afterward I will pour out my spirit upon all mankind. Your sons and daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions; Even upon the servants and the handmaids, in those days, I will pour out my spirit. And I will work wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood, fire, and columns of smoke; The sun will be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, At the coming of the Day of the Lord, the great and terrible day. Then everyone shall be rescued who calls on the name of the Lord; For on Mount Zion there shall be a remnant, as the Lord has said, And in Jerusalem survivors whom the Lord shall call.

To better reflect modern English usage Old text Isaiah 49:24-25: Thus says the Lord: Can booty be taken from a warrior? or captives be rescued from a tyrant? Yes, captives can be taken from a warrior, and booty be rescued from a tyrant; Those who oppose you I will oppose, and your sons I will save.

The Lesson Plan 13

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matters V 15) the books ess to the s saving love: of sublime wisdom on ful treasury of ery of our way” (DV 15). estament as 23).

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A: Yes. The complete text of the New American Bible, revised edition will be posted at WWW.USCCB.ORG/NAB/. Q: There are books in the New American Bible, Revised Edition that aren’t in other Bibles? Why? A: The seven books included in Catholic Bibles are Tobit, Judith, 1 and 2 Maccabees, Wisdom, Sirach and Baruch. Catholic Bibles also include sections in the Books of Esther and Daniel that are not found in Protestant Bibles. These books are called the deuterocanonical books. The Catholic Church considers these books to be inspired by the Holy Spirit. They have been part of the canon of Scripture from the early centuries of the church. Q: I’ve always heard that Catholics aren’t supposed to read the Bible. Is that true? A: No, it isn’t. In fact, the bishops at the Second Vatican Council strongly encouraged all the faithful to read Scripture frequently, to listen carefully to the Scripture as proclaimed at Mass, and to take advantage of catechetical programs that will help them gain a better understanding of God’s word (cf. DV 25). As St. Jerome said, “Ignorance of the Scriptures is ignorance of Christ. Q: What are the changes? Are the stories different? A: You will still find all of your favorite Old Testament stories in this new edition. Q: Where is the NAB used? A: The NAB is used throughout the United States, in the Philippines, India, South Korea and the English-speaking countries of Africa. It is used in the liturgy, in catechetical instruction, and in private readings and devotion.

original Revised text Joel 3:1-5: It shall come to pass I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions. Even upon your male and female servants, in those days, I will pour out my spirit. I will set signs in the heavens and on the earth, blood, fire, and columns of smoke; The sun will darken, the moon turn blood-red,. Before the day of the LORD arrives, that great and terrible day. Then everyone who calls upon the name of the LORD will escape harm. For on Mount Zion there will be a remnant, as the LORD has said, And in Jerusalem survivors whom the LORD will summon.

Praying with Scripture By Father Michael Van Sloun For The Catholic Spirit

One of the best forms of prayer is to pray with Scripture. Jesus did! From his youth it was his custom to go to the synagogue in Nazareth on the Sabbath where he would unroll a scroll and read Scripture (Luke 4:16,17). After his baptism in the Jordan, Jesus went out into the desert where he spent 40 days and 40 nights in prayer (Matthew 4:1-11). But how did Jesus spend those long, silent hours in solitude? How did Jesus pray? The Gospel account does not specify exactly, but an answer can be safely inferred. Every time the devil tempted him, Jesus rebuffed the temptation with a Scripture quote, all three from the book of Deuteronomy (8:3; 6:16; and 6:13). These verses were fresh in Jesus’ mind, on the tip of his tongue. From the way that Jesus applied these texts so readily, it is apparent that he spent considerable time reading and studying them, meditating and praying with them. He devoured and digested Scripture so eagerly that it became part of the fabric of his being (see Ezekiel 3:1-4). Jesus is the Word (John 1:1), he prayed with the Word, and he embodied the Word.

Imitate the master If Jesus prayed with Scripture, so should we. One of the best ways to cultivate a close relationship with Jesus is to listen to him as he speaks, and he speaks through the Gospels. Jesus expects us to know and observe his word: “Everyone who listens to these words of mine and acts on them will be like a wise man who built his house on rock” (Matthew 7:24). Some of the strongest and most durable building blocks of our spiritual foundation are laid with time spent in prayer with Scripture.

The basic tool A copy of the Bible is the essential prerequisite. The New American Bible is the approved Catholic translation for liturgical use in the United States, and it is highly recommended for personal use. There should be at least one copy in every home.

Allocate time Revised text Isaiah 49:24-25: Can plunder be taken from a warrior, or captives rescued from a tyrant? Thus says the LORD: Yes, captives can be taken from a warrior, and plunder rescued from a tyrant; Those who oppose you I will oppose, and your sons I will save.

It is necessary to set aside time for prayer, not just any time, but prime time, quality time when a person is alert, well-rested and best able to concentrate. Early birds are rarely at their best at bedtime, and similarly night owls are rarely at their best when they get up in the morning. Everyone’s prime time is different. Reserve a time that is good for you and hold to it. God deserves our best moments, not our most tired and drowsy ones.

Good location It is best to find a quiet place free of distractions. It

might be the living room, the study or the bedroom at home. Close the door. Turn off the TV, radio or iPod. It could also be outside on the deck or at a picnic table in the park, at church during eucharistic adoration, or in the car on a long, solitary drive listening to the Bible on CD or tape.

Good texts for starters If our prayer is intended to strengthen our relationship with Jesus, the place to begin is with his Gospels. The Gospel of Mark is an excellent starting point. It was the first Gospel written, and it is the shortest, most concise, fastest moving and easiest to understand. A chapter a day keeps sin away. Then continue with the other Gospels, and then the other books of the New Testament. Other methods are to pray with the readings assigned for Mass that day (visit HTTP://WWW.USCCB.ORG/NAB/INDEX.SHTML), or with the readings in the breviary, or at the beginning of the Bible with Genesis, or to select a favorite Scripture passage and branch out from there.

Ways to pray Center yourself: Be quiet and get focused. Begin with a little prayer to the Holy Spirit to enlighten the mind and soften the heart. Read the text: a single verse, a few verses, or a longer passage. Pause. Meditate: Mull over what you have read. Ponder the message. Listen. Absorb. Be inspired. Take guidance. Repeat a word or phrase. Memorize a verse. If your mind wanders, as it often will, re-center and re-read. Ask yourself, “What is God saying to me? What truths does God want to convey to me? What is God’s will for me?” Whether the session lasts a few minutes or an hour, when finished offer a prayer of thanks. God’s Word is great; it “is able to save your souls”(James 1:21).

Pray with children If there are youngsters at home, be sure to have a children’s Bible. Parents, older siblings and grandparents can read Bible stories out loud to small children, or as children learn to read, adults and children can take turns. Then have the child engage the text. Invite small children to draw a picture about what they heard, or invite older children to retell the story in their own words. Ask them to pick out a word, verse or character that they like and have them explain why. Explore what the story says about the nature of God or what they have learned and how it might help them at home or at school. It is an excellent practice to use the Scripture text to come up with a prayer said out loud in one’s own words. It is never too early to pray with the Bible. Father Van Sloun is pastor of St. Stephen in Anoka.


The Lesson Plan



Rice Bowl

By Carol Jessen-Klixbull


For The Catholic Spirit

The following is the second in a four-part series More than 12,000 faith communities across the United States participate in Operation Rice Bowl each year during Lent as a way to respect human dignity and foster solidarity with the poor around the world. This Catholic Relief Services program combines four components: praying, fasting, learning and giving. Participants are encouraged to prepare simple meatless meals that are similar to those eaten in developing countries around the world and donate the money they would have spent for more expensive ingredients to ORB. Seventy-five percent of the proceeds help fund food security projects around the world while 25 percent remain in the diocese in which they were collected. CRS believes that by retaining these contributions in local dioceses, Catholics’ responsibility to assist those in need both “around the corner” and around the world is affirmed. To learn more about ORB, visit HTTP://ORB.CRS.ORG. In each issue during Lent, The Catholic Spirit is sharing CRS’ work with an e-mail interview and recipe from a country the agency serves. Haiti was featured in the March 4 issue; Indonesia and Honduras will be highlighted in future issues. Visit THECATHOLICSPIRIT.COM to read the feature on Haiti.

CRS worker in Kenya helps needy kids

Q. What has struck you the most about your experience in Kenya?

We share notes with the community to see what the needs are. Sometimes that means providing uniforms so that the kids can go to school or helping to reduce the stigma surrounding those who were orphaned by

Courtesy of Catholic Relief Services

Johness Mzee addresses a forum for school children in Lamu, Kenya that gathered to voice their concerns in regard to furthering their education.

the AIDS epidemic. Other times it means helping the whole community, such as providing furniture or building disability-friendly pit latrines at a school. Q. What are the critical needs regarding education in Kenya? A. Right now it is to assist children to stay in school and excel by improving their learning environment — that means both the buildings themselves and the creation of a safe haven where children can grow and realize their full potential. We also need to find ways to promote cross training between teachers at

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6 white potatoes, scrubbed but not peeled 1 cup watercress,* chopped 1 cup peas, cooked 1 cup corn, cooked 2 tbsp. butter Salt and pepper, to taste Cube the potatoes and place in a large pot. Cover them with water and cook until tender. Drain the water and mash the potatoes. Stir in watercress, peas, corn, and butter. Mix until combined. Add salt and pepper to taste. Serve hot. *Other leafy greens can be substituted for watercress. Yield: 4 to 5 servings

A Kenyan native, Johness Mzee began working with CRS last June as the program officer implementing the Education for Marginalized Children in Kenya project. He recently answered questions via an e-mail interview with The Catholic Spirit. A former secondary school and college teacher, he knows teachers in Kenya are on the frontline helping to meet the needs of children who aren’t otherwise supported financially or emotionally with their studies.

A. What touches me the most is when you help these children and they say thank you. You can see it on their faces — that honest thank you that comes from within. We support orphans and children made vulnerable by the AIDS epidemic and other difficult circumstances. We work with the communities: the parents, teachers, opinion leaders and the children themselves. Our first step is to learn directly from them about the reality they face. Our support is not intended to take over guardianship of these children, but rather to work with the guardians to help them best support the orphans under their care.


different schools. Special needs education also needs more assistance, because there aren’t enough facilities to meet the current need. Another major hurdle is that school is predominately taught in English but most of the children in Kenya speak either Swahili or one of the languages native to Kenya. Q. How do you see CRS making a difference? A. CRS is making a huge difference by working through our local church partners: We provided more than 13,000 uniforms and child packs to children who would not be comfortable attending school without them, we worked with 20,000 parents and guardians on the needs of orphaned children, and we trained 140 teachers on how to develop school health clubs. A recent study done by CRS showed that education support to vulnerable children in school reduced their absence from 12.5 days in 2007 to 7.75 days in 2009 and steadily improved their mean score in academic examinations given by the school at the end of each school term.


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The Lesson Plan


Fall in love with Lent for all the right reasons ent has always been one of my favorite seasons. That may sound bizarre since it is a time of penance, but I have received many graces through embracing Lent in a spirit of prayer, fasting and almsgiving. About eight years ago, I underwent a conversion during this season when I encountered Christ’s sacrifice personally for the first time. This experience is what led me to enter seminary. As a result of my conversion, I desired to give my whole life in service to Jesus and his church. Deacon Because of my hisKristopher tory with Lent, it is a Cowles season that is very close to my heart. Lent can have a profound impact on those who wish to prepare themselves to enter into Holy Week. But this season can also be hazardous, if we take the wrong approach. In my first years of college seminary, my brother seminarians, with myself included, would sometimes take on imprudent penances. While comparison was discouraged by the priests, some seminarians would still evaluate whose penance was the most difficult.


Sunday Scriptures

Pride or Passion? Rather than taking up our sacrifices in a spirit of love for Christ, penances might be chosen to outdo or one-up our brothers. When penances were chosen with this competitive spirit, it wrongly put the focus on one’s self and their own works,

Readings Sunday March 20 Second Sunday of Lent ■ Genesis 12:1-4a ■ 2 Timothy 1:8b-10 ■ Matthew 17:1-9

For reflection How have you counted up your Lenten sacrifices and compared them to what others have done? Consider what you can do during Lent that no one else sees or knows about.

possibly leading to pride rather than the central reason for the Lent — preparation for Jesus’ passion, death and resurrection. Our second reading this weekend also gives us a poignant lesson regarding penances. “[God] saved us and called us to a holy life, not according to our works but according to his own design and the grace bestowed on us in Christ Jesus before time began” (2 Timothy 1:9). Paul is telling Timothy that we cannot earn our salvation by works or acts of penance, because Christ has already accomplished our salvation through his passion and death. Penance, then, should not be done with the intention of earning our salvation, because we cannot earn our salvation by penance, no matter how arduous. Instead of partaking in penitential practices to earn our salvation or to impress, the real reason we should undergo our Lenten penances is to undo the effects of sin in our lives and unite

ourselves with the sacrifice on Calvary.

Repairing the damage Through penance we seek to repair the damage that sin has caused in our relationship with God and reform our lives so as to become more holy. It is with those motives in mind that we are called to undergo penance and walk through the season of Lent. I would encourage anyone who has begun Lent with muddled motives to recommit themselves to living a life unified with Christ. If we continue to approach the Lenten season in a spirit of penance, ordered to uniting ourselves with Christ, Lent and Holy Week will have a powerful effect in our lives. Deacon Kristopher Cowles is in formation for the priesthood at the St. Paul Seminary for the Diocese of Sioux Falls, S.D. His home parish is Sacred Heart in Yankton, S.D., and his teaching parish is Good Shepherd in Golden Valley.


Faith puts us in God’s presence during confession CONTINUED FROM PAGE 11 advice and a penance specifically tailored to the penitent’s situation to help in the healing process. Lent is an ideal time to approach the sacrament of reconciliation. Each Catholic is asked to observe the Easter Duty, to receive the Eucharist at least once a year, preferably during the Easter season (Canon 920). In order to receive the Eucharist worthily and to be in the state of grace, if a person is guilty of mortal sin, it is necessary to approach the sacrament of reconciliation first. Also, “Each member of the faithful is obliged to confess his or her grave sins at least once a year” (Canon 989). Lent is the perfect time to fulfill this obligation so a person can celebrate Easter absolved, unburdened and full of joy. Although it is not required, it is beneficial to confess less serious or venial sins, because their forgiveness also leads to a more joyful celebration of Easter. There is a strong human tendency to procrastinate, to put off what we should have been doing already. We avoid. We delay. We excuse. Lent is the right and acceptable time to repent and turn away from sin. These 40 days are what the doctor of our souls has ordered, a time to approach the sacrament of reconciliation to receive grace, pardon and peace. Father Michael Van Sloun is pastor at St. Stephen in Anoka.

Daily Scriptures Sunday, March 20 Second Sunday of Lent Genesis 12:1-4a 2 Timothy 1:8b-10 Matthew 17:1-9 “The Lord said to Abram: ‘Go forth from the land of your kinsfolk and from your father’s house to a land that I will show you.’” — Genesis 12:1 We may never be called to a foreign land but we all face moments when we know deep within us that we are being called to take a leap of faith into the unknown. We may feel a call to leave behind a position of power and prestige and serve the poor or discover a talent that thrills and frightens us. No matter what our challenge, both fear and trust will exist within us. We must decide for ourselves which feeling will guide our choices. Monday, March 21 Daniel 9:4b-10 Luke 6:36-38 Our harshest critic is often ourselves. Tuesday, March 22 Isaiah 1:10, 16-20 Mathew 23:1-12 Notice if there is a trait of the scribes and Pharisees you recognize in yourself. Wednesday, March 23 Toribio de Mogrovejo, bishop Jeremiah 18:18-20 Matthew 20:17-28

Sharing our faith journey with a trusted companion can help us recognize our hidden fears and motivations. Thursday, March 24 Jeremiah 17:5-10 Luke 16:19-31 Are any of your choices moving you away from living with greater compassion and mercy? Friday, March 25 Annunciation of the Lord Isaiah 7:10-14; 8:10 Hebrews 10:4-10 Luke 1:26-38 Notice if you put limitations on what the Spirit can do in and through you. Saturday, March 26 Micah 7:14-15, 18-20 Luke 15:1-3, 11-32 Do you feel close enough to God to share your resentments in prayer? Sunday, March 27 Third Sunday in Lent Exodus 17:3-7 Romans 5:1-2, 5-8 John 4:5-42 “But God proves his love for us in that, while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” — Romans 5:8 I have a friend who has suffered considerable pain as a result of having been emotionally abused as a child. She recently shared with me that while she has gotten in touch with

her understandable anger, she also realizes that the goal of all her prayers and all of the therapy she has received is to forgive those who harmed her. Forgiveness is not pretending there was no wrong doing, but the willingness to let God’s mercy break open our hearts. Monday, March 28 2 Kings 5:1-15b Luke 4:24-30 Notice which aspect of Jesus’ teaching you most resist.

took the command to treat yourself with respect and kindness seriously? Saturday, April 2 Francis of Paola, hermit Hosea 6:1-6 Luke 18:9-14 Do you have a growing sense of gratitude, honesty and appropriate self-disclosure?

Thursday, March 31 Jeremiah 7:23-28 Luke 11:14-23 Pray for those who are falsely accused of doing evil.

Sunday, April 3 Fourth Sunday of Lent 1 Samuel 16:1b, 6-7, 10-13a Ephesians 5:8-14 John 9:1-41 “Not as man sees does God see, because man sees the appearance but the Lord looks into the heart.” — 1 Samuel 16:7 After giving a workshop, a dear friend received a very negative evaluation that contained several nasty personal comments. I couldn’t help think what a very different opinion I hold of this woman. I have met few people who so quietly yet consistently live with such generosity and kindness. Her deep faith in a compassionate God is something she carries in her heart and not on her sleeve. What might God see in your heart that others fail to notice?

Friday, April 1 Day of abstinence Hosea 14:2-10 Mark 12:28-34 What would you do differently if you

The daily reflections are written by Terri Mifek, a member of St. Edward in Bloomington and a certified spiritual director at the Franciscan Retreat House in Prior Lake.

Tuesday, March 29 Daniel 3:25, 34-43 Matthew 18:21-35 Until we have experienced the overwhelming kindness and generosity of God, we will put limits on forgiveness. Wednesday, March 30 Deuteronomy 4:1, 5-9 Matthew 5:17-19 When we align our ways with God’s, our choices are no longer destructive.




/ The Lesson Plan

Confirmation Q&A with Archbishop Nienstedt Catholic Spirit editor Joe Towalski recently talked with Archbishop John Nienstedt about the sacrament of confirmation. The following are excerpts from the interview. Read the full interview at THECATHOLICSPIRIT.COM. Q: How many confirmations do you preside at each year? A: We do basically about 34-35 confirmations every year. . . . I do about a third of that — 12 or 13 generally in the year. [Archbishop Emeritus Harry Flynn and Bishop Lee Piché also preside at confirmations.] We have the majority of them at the basilica or at the cathedral, which is a good thing because confirmation is not being confirmed into your local parish but it’s being confirmed into the universal church. So when the candidates and the families and the sponsors come down to the cathedral or the basilica, it helps to reinforce that idea of the universal church. I’m grateful to both the staffs of the basilica and cathedral [including] Father Joseph Johnson and Father John Bauer. They do an awful lot of extra work to prepare for those confirmations and to clean up afterward. I just want to say a word of thanks, in my name but in the name of the whole archdiocese for what they do. And, of course, Father John Paul Erickson [director of the archdiocesan Office of Worship], who does all the scheduling. Q: Youth today face challenges that are different than a generation or two ago. How can confirmation help them and support them as they face these challenges? A: I’m always happy to dispel the myth that confirmation is somehow a graduation ceremony. It’s quite the opposite. Confirmation is the beginning of a process; it’s the beginning of an adult life in Christ. I’d like to say, in terms of Cape Canaveral, it’s like putting you on the launch pad; at that point the great adventure of Christian living is going to begin ... Yes, we have great challenges in our society, not only to young people, but to everyone. We’re living in a secular, materialistic, hedonistic culture, and so there are all kinds of temptations around. If you want a good catechesis on sin, you just read the morning paper, and you see the violence and the perversity that is in our society. So these young people are

The sacrament of Confirmation is a gift of the Holy Spirit that directs the baptized toward service to the church and the world.

Bishop extends his hands over candidates and asks God to send the Holy Spirit to “be their helper and guide.” He anoints each candidate’s forehead with chrism oil, says his or her name and “be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit.”


8.8 million (2008) 645,000 (2005)

Read it online Why do we have confirmation at the age we do? Read Archbishop Nienstedt’s answer at THECATHOLIC SPIRIT.COM.

facing these things all the time on the Internet, in the classroom, people debating their faith. They really need the help of the Holy Spirit. It’s a great moment in their life. Q: Youth preparing for confirmation go through a formal process of catechesis. But, more generally, how would you like to see youth prepare in the weeks and months ahead of the day? A: The last two years, I’ve asked for a volunteer to tell me what the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit were during the homily. Last year, I only had two young people who were able to tell me what all the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit were [wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety and fear of the Lord]. And I say to them, if you’re going to receive these gifts, how are you going to use them if you don’t know what they are? So fundamentally, it seems to be that the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit have to be memorized; they have to have an understanding of them. I think our regular prayers — the Our Father, the Hail Mary, the Glory Be, the rosary, Act of Contrition, the Act of Faith, Act of Hope

St. Patrick’s Guild offers you

Go online and see a full spectrum of gifts for all involved in the confirmation process

Confirmation Dove Pendant

Pewter Sponsor Wall Cross

Expanded Hours: March, April, and May Monday – Thursday 9:00 to 8:00 • Friday and Saturday 9:00 to 5:30 St. Patrick’s Guild 1554 Randolph Ave. • St. Paul, MN 55105 (651) 690-1506 • (800) 652-9767 (toll free)

Consecrated perfumed oil used for anointing at confirmation and ordination and at the dedication of churches and altars. It is traditionally made from olive oil.

and Act of Love — those are things that should all be known. The Ten Commandments, obviously, and also the spiritual and corporal works of mercy. I really like what Father [Kenneth] O’Hotto over at St. Michael’s in West St. Paul is doing. He’s got two pages of requirements that he asks [those to be confirmed] to know and then he gives them a test beforehand, and he himself gives the test. He’s got such things as the names of the Twelve Apostles, the four evangelists, mysteries of the rosary, holy days of obligation. I think that’s terrific because this is the substance of our faith. And how do we practice our faith if we don’t have the substance? I also think that, more than when I was confirmed, we have service projects that we ask our young candidates to do ahead of time, and to do them with their sponsors in many instances. That, too, is a great teaching moment of knowing that we have to put our faith into practice. I’m aware that many of the parishes have a two-year program for confirmation, and I totally endorse that. I think that’s very, very important. Q: What about afterward? What should we parents and parishes be doing to keep that faithful energy going after confirmation day and keep youth connected to the church? A: At the end of my confirmations, I always congratulate the parents and the sponsors for what they’ve been able to do

to support their candidate until that moment. But I also say, don’t give up now. Again, this is not a graduation, and we’re not just setting them loose. In order to utilize these seven gifts of the Holy Spirit, they have to have an atmosphere, they have to have a context, they have to have a family that will encourage them to use those gifts. So we have that strange word “mystagogia” after the RCIA [a period following initiation when new members strive to deepen their understanding of the mysteries of the faith.] After one has been confirmed, there should be a period of mystagogia. That could include going Wednesday nights to class still, or being involved in a youth group. One of the parishes that I knew in New Ulm would invite the newly confirmed back to be assistant catechists in the grade-school program, or they gave them jobs in the Sunday liturgy being greeters and ushers and readers. But we need to get them involved in the community; I think that’s very important. . . . Invite them in and have them begin to use these wonderful gifts of the Holy Spirit. Q: What role should sponsors play for those being confirmed? A: This is somebody from the community who walks with that candidate through the whole process, is there to help them find their answers, to talk to them, to advise them and to counsel them and to be there as a person they can lean on. Those sponsors really do represent the community of the parish. So it’s a very important and, I think, prestigious position when someone is asked to be a sponsor. Q: What else would you like to say about confirmation? A: I really enjoy celebrating confirmation. For me, it’s not a burden or a task. I enjoy it because I think on that particular night so much comes together. I think it’s a great night for parents to sit back and with pride say, yes, I’ve brought my young daughter or my young son to this point in their religious experience. But then to remember it’s not the end. We all need what I would call these safeguards around us — this living community of faith that will help us bring forth the great potential of the faith.

The Lesson Plan / Confirmation


With effort and creativity, sponsor relationship continues after confirmation By Susan Klemond For The Catholic Spirit

■ Adult Bibles embossed with the confirmand’s name and date or location. ■ Books such as “Theology of the Body for Beginners.” ■ Inspired clothing at WWW.AGNUSGIFTSHOP.COM.

■ Crosses and plaques featuring the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.

Spiritual support

Dianne Towalski / The Catholic Spirit

Claire Sorteberg, right, and her confirmation sponsor Mary Pavek visit in the lounge at NET Ministries in West St. Paul March 14. Sorteberg will be serving on a NET team next year.

me but she also has good advice to give. . . . She has more experience but she also has invested in my life.” Continuing the relationship after confirmation can be done in different ways, such as combining a visit with shopping, going to ball games or taking walks, said Pavek, adding that she keeps asking some of the faith questions she asked as a sponsor.

As challenging as it can be to connect, Pavek said it’s worth the effort because the relationship doesn’t end with the sacrament. “It doesn’t stop,” she said. “You’re definitely a very important person in their life that’s why they chose you. They see something in you that reflects the Lord’s love and Catholic faith. That’s important and it shouldn’t stop.”

Sacrament’s sponsors guide teens by example By Susan Klemond For The Catholic Spirit

As they share in a teen’s journey toward confirmation, sponsors offer their prayers, experience and their own faith example — as well as a lot of listening. “They are supporting the candidate in his or her Christian walk and Christian life and, of course, part of that is also praying for the candidate,” said Vicki Klima, director of leadership development at Pax Christi in Eden Prairie, Selecting a sponsor to help a young person prepare to receive the outpouring of the Holy Spirit at confirmation requires consideration of the sponsor’s faith background and relationship with the confirmand, as well as responsibilities the role entails. Rather than choosing sponsors, there is evidence that in the early church, the entire ecclesial community cared for those entering the church, which is supported by St. Augustine’s statement that the church is “Christians begetting Christians,” said Michael Silhavy, a member of the archdiocesan Parish Services Team. Initiation into the church is still very communal. “We require that our faith, that our membership in the church, our participation in the church is with and through other Catholics who guide us, who teach us, who celebrate with us, who witness us,” he said.

Making the right choice The church suggests that it’s appro-

Gifts for confirmation and beyond The better you know the confirmand, the better the chance you’ll find a gift that will resonate with him or her. A more traditional gift of a Bible or dove pendant might be appropriate for the actual confirmation day, but your ongoing relationship after confirmation should open up ideas for meaningful and creative gifts for other occasions. Here is a short list of gift ideas.

Sometimes it takes five calls to get a date on the calendar but Mary Pavek and her goddaughter Claire Sorteberg stay in touch despite their busy schedules. Almost two years after Sorteberg was confirmed at St. Ambrose in Woodbury, Pavek doesn’t consider her responsibility as a sponsor completed. As she did during confirmation preparation, Pavek continues to pray for the teen and develop her relationship with her. “I continue to take her out to dinner, when I see her give her hugs, write her notes,” said Pavek, who attends St. Mary in Stillwater. “When we’re together, having dinner or going for a walk, I’ll find out what’s happening in her life, what’s important, what’s been hard and then somewhere in there in her conversation I’ll ask her how her prayer life is doing.”

Since Pavek has been involved throughout her life, Sorteberg said it was natural to ask her to be a sponsor and that the two had good talks during the confirmation process. She said they continue to have good conversations and get together for holidays, her birthday and other occasions. Sorteberg, 18, graduates this spring and plans to serve with NET Ministries next year. “It’s really inspiring to me to know that I have someone in my life that believes the same as I do but also has more experience,” she said. “She’s there to listen to


priate for godparents to also sponsor their godchildren for confirmation but this isn’t always realistic if they no longer practice the faith, Silhavy said. The specific criteria for eligibility is a person who is at least 16 years of age, a fully initiated practicing Catholic, and not the candidate’s mother or father. Choosing a family member or friend for reasons other than faith pose the same problem and the title shouldn’t be merely honorary, Klima said. “If you’re picking your favorite uncle, for example, you’ve got to look at the reasons why you’re picking the person,” she said. Sponsors should actively engage with the young person, which is difficult to do long distance, Silhavy said. Whatever the sponsor’s connection, the confirmand’s family should also know them, he added. A sponsor should be a good example who can explore faith questions with the teen, Klima said. “It doesn’t mean the sponsor has to have all the answers, but somebody who’s willing to walk with them, to be a kind of companion with the confirmand but in a mentor kind of way,” she added. Sometimes teens ask people who are active in a parish ministry to sponsor them, Silhavy said. The church doesn’t spell out the role and responsibilities for confirmation sponsors, but there are some basic ways they can help confirmands prepare to receive the sacrament, he said.

■ Pray. Besides the spiritual benefits, young people are encouraged by knowing that their sponsor is praying for them, Silhavy said. ■ Attend formation if the parish invites or requires sponsors to attend formation or prayer sessions with the confirmand. ■ Serve as a witness if the parish asks sponsors to write or present a testimony stating that the teen is ready for confirmation. Some parishes have drawn this aspect of the Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults process into youth confirmation formation, Klima said. ■ Answer questions. ■ Be a role model. Hopefully, the sponsor somehow exemplifies virtue for the teen, Silhavy said. In whatever way a sponsor-confirmand relationship develops, being able to talk about faith and other aspects of life will make a difference for the teen, Silhavy said. “I just think conversation is the most important thing to do, just simply to be conversing with someone,” he said. Along with their parents, a young person’s confirmation sponsor shares the important role of guiding their faith, by words and actions, Klima said. “You can’t have too many good examples,” she said. “For people of any age to be able to see that ‘Oh, I guess it isn’t just my parents that think faith is important.’”

■ Custom mixed CD of Christian music. ■ Dove crosses and other items. ■ Dove pendants. ■ Patron saint medals, engraved. ■ Namesake items. ■ Picture frames for confirmand’s photo with you, their sponsor. ■ Rosary bracelets. ■ Saints bracelets or bookmark cards. ■ Sports-related medals. ■ Decorative keepsake boxes. ■ Subscription to Magnificat, a monthly magazine containing Mass texts, prayers and other readings. — Susan Klemond

More online For more about the sacrament, read “Confirmation continues to support our faith journey” at THECATHOLICSPIRIT .COM.

“He does not come bearing the sword of the revolutionary. He comes with the gift of healing.” Pope Benedict XVI, writing about Jesus in his new book

Arts & Culture 18

The Catholic Spirit

Exploring our church and our world

MARCH 17, 2011

In book, pope says Jesus is reconciler, not revolutionary In his new volume on “Jesus of Nazareth,” Pope Benedict XVI presents the passion and resurrection of Christ as history-changing events that answer humanity’s unceasing need to be reconciled with God. The 384-page book, titled “Jesus of Nazareth: Holy Week — From the Entrance Into Jerusalem to the Resurrection,” was officially released March 10. The pope had worked for several years on the text, the second in his series exploring the main events of Jesus’ public ministry. The Vatican said 1.2 million copies of the book had already been published in seven languages, and that an e-book version was also planned.

the church. Without it, he said, “Christian faith itself would be dead.” At the same time, he acknowledged that the historical record about Jesus is not always complete and said that “if the certainty of faith were dependent upon scientific-historical verification alone, it would always remain open to revision.” He took issue with the “historical Jesus” movement in scriptural scholarship, saying it has “focused too much on the past for it to make possible a personal relationship with Jesus.” The pope took critical aim at scholars who have interpreted Christ’s passion in political terms and sought to portray Jesus as a “political agitator.” On the contrary, the pope wrote, Jesus inaugurated a “nonpolitical Messianic kingdom” in a world where the political and the religious had been inseparable.

Showing ‘real Jesus’

Preaching nonviolence

In a foreword, the pope said he did not set out to write another chronological “Life of Jesus,” but instead to present the figure and message of “the real Jesus” — not a political revolutionary and not a mere moralist, but the son of God who inaugurated a new path of salvation based on the power of love. Through his sacrifice on the cross and his institution of the church, Jesus carried out a universal mission: “leading the world away from the condition of man’s alienation from God and from himself.” It’s a mission that continues today, the pope wrote. “Is it not the case that our need to be reconciled with God — the silent, mysterious, seemingly absent and yet omnipresent God — is the real problem of the whole of world history?” he said. The book analyzes the key events of Jesus final days, including the cleansing of the temple, the Last Supper, his betrayal, his interrogations before the Sanhedrin and Pontius Pilate, his crucifixion and his appearances to the disciples after his resurrection. Throughout the text, Pope Benedict examines the scriptural interpretation of early church fathers and contemporary scholars, rejecting some arguments and affirming or elaborating on others. Prominently cited was Rudolf Bultmann, the late 20th-century German Protestant scholar of the New Testament. The pope said it was important to understand that the events recounted in the Scriptures are historically grounded and actually occurred and are not simply stories or ideas. For example, he said, if Jesus did not actually give his disciples bread and wine as his body and blood at the Last Supper, then “the church’s eucharistic celebration is empty — a pious fiction.” Likewise, he said, Christ’s actual resurrection from the dead is foundational for

The pope said that “violent revolution, killing others in God’s name” was not Jesus’ way. “He does not come bearing the sword of the revolutionary. He comes with the gift of healing,” he said. The book generally steered clear of commentary on contemporary issues, but on the issue of nonviolence, the pope added that “the cruel consequences of religiously motivated violence are only too evident to us all.” “Vengeance does not build up the kingdom of God, the kingdom of humanity. On the contrary, it is a favorite instrument of the Antichrist, however idealistic its religious motivation may be. It serves not humanity but inhumanity,” he said. The book’s final chapter examines the resurrection from the dead as “the crucial point” of Jesus’ life. Without the resurrection, the pope said, Jesus would be merely “a failed religious leader.” The pope said some of the strongest evidence for the authenticity of the resurrection was to be found in the Scripture accounts of the disciples’ encounters with the risen Christ. Jesus is presented as being present physically, yet not bound by physical laws, and is not immediately recognized. All of this is presented “clumsily” in the Gospel narratives, which make them all the more credible, reflecting the disciples’ genuine amazement, he said. “It is important that the encounters with the risen Lord are not just interior events or mystical experiences — they are real encounters with the living one who is now embodied in a new way,” he said. After his resurrection, Jesus was not a “ghost” or a mere “resuscitated corpse,” but one who has entered a new life in the power of God, the pope said. This comes through clearly in the Gospel accounts, he said.

By John Thavis Catholic News Service

CNS photo / Paul Haring

Copies of Pope Benedict XVI’s new book, “Jesus of Nazareth: Holy Week — From the Entrance Into Jerusalem to the Resurrection,” are seen at the Libreria Editrice Vaticana bookstore in Rome March 10.

Jesus’ death can’t be blamed on Jewish people Catholic News Service In his latest volume of “Jesus of Nazareth,” Pope Benedict XVI says the condemnation of Christ had complex political and religious causes and cannot be blamed on the Jewish people as a whole. The pope also said it was a mistake to interpret the words reported in the Gospel, “His blood be on us and on our children,” as a blood curse against the Jews. Those words, spoken by the mob that demanded Jesus’ death, need to be read in the light of faith, the pope wrote. They do not cry out for vengeance, but for reconciliation, he said. “It means that we all stand in need of the purifying power of love which is his blood. These words are not a curse, but rather redemption, salvation,” he said. In Chapter 7, the pope examines the trial of Jesus before Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor in Judea. The pope said Pilate is presented realistically in the Gospels as a man who knew that Jesus posed no real threat to the Roman order, but who had to deal with political realities — including pressure from Jesus’ accusers. “Now we must ask: Who exactly were Jesus’ accusers? Who insisted that he be condemned to death?” the pope wrote. He noted that the Gospel of St. John says simply it was “the Jews.” “But John’s use of this expression does not in any way indicate — as the modern reader might suppose — the people of Israel in general, even less is it ‘racist’ in character. After all, John himself was ethnically a Jew, as were Jesus and all his followers,” he said. What St. John was referring to with the term “the Jews,” the pope said, was the “temple aristocracy,” the dominant priestly circle that had instigated Jesus’ death. In St. Mark’s Gospel, the pope said, this circle of accusers is broadened to include the masses or mob of people. But he said it also would be a mistake to see this, too, as referring to the Jewish people as a whole; more specifically, they were the followers of the imprisoned rebel, Barabbas, who were mobilized when Pilate asked the crowd to choose amnesty for one of the accused: Jesus or Barabbas.

Arts & Culture



Sex trafficking victims create beauty out of their pain By Julie Carroll The Catholic Spirit

It was a heartbreaking decision, but money was scarce. Guenevive and her husband felt they had no other choice but to leave their baby with Guenevive’s parents in Puebla, Mexico, while they journeyed north to Atlanta in search of jobs. An acquaintance who knew about the couple’s desperate situation gave Guenevive a phone number to call about a job opening in Minneapolis. The woman who answered not only offered Guenevive a job, she agreed to pay for her flight. When Guenevive arrived, the woman ordered that she hand over her identification for “safekeeping.� Then she told Guenevive she couldn’t leave until she repaid the debt she owed for the plane ticket. Guenevive had fallen victim to a sex trafficker. After two “terrifying� weeks, police rescued Guenevive and other young women being held prisoner at the house.

Real people, real needs Three and a half years later, the emotional scars remain. But Guenevive, now 24, has found healing through psychological counseling and art therapy, she said. Artwork made by Guenevive and other sex trafficking victims will be on display in the North Hall of the State Capitol

from Saturday, March 26, through Sunday, April 3. The free exhibit, sponsored in part by the St. Paul organization Civil Society, will feature art pieces made by rescued women and children, victims’ family members, and people who work with traffic victims. “As I go around and talk to [members of Congress], they are very concerned when they find out how real and how pervasive [human trafficking] is in Minnesota,� said Linda Miller, executive director of Civil Society. “They’re very eager to learn, so this is a way of conveying . . . that these are real people, they have real needs.� Stories of traffic victims will accompany each art piece. Because victims often suffer alone in silence and shame, Miller added, the art show also affirms to them that they matter.

This drawing, created by a family member of a human trafficking victim, will appear in an exhibit with other works of art March 26 to April 3 at the Capitol. “What I was trying to illustrate was a person that was wavering on the edge of possibly committing suicide, complete despair,� the artist, who wished to remain anonymous, explained. Visitors to the exhibit will have opportunities to learn about the issue of human trafficking and how it is affecting the local community.

A life-changing experience Guenevive, who declined to give her real name, still can’t bring herself to tell her family what happened to her. “At the house, they made me do things I didn’t want to do — things that were against my will, prostitution,� she told The Catholic Spirit last week at MORE School, a St. Paul organization run by the School Sisters of Notre Dame where Guenevive takes English classes and receives other assistance while she waits for her T visa request to be processed. “[Sex trafficking] is an experience that

Photo courtesy of Civil Society

changes your life completely,� she said in Spanish. “They say that with time you forget, but it’s not true.� That’s where art therapy comes in. Shortly after being rescued, Guenevive found that the repetitive motions of latch hooking helped calm her mind. Guenevive’s latch hook art will be on display at the Capitol along with 16 other pieces, including a 15-year-old victim’s

drawing of a ballet dancer and a grandmother’s drawing of a butterfly emerging from a cocoon. The U.S. bishops have said that churches, states and communities must work together to end human trafficking and help survivors. For more information about human trafficking and how you can help, visit WWW.THE CATHOLICSPIRIT.COM.

Benilde-St. Margaret’s offers Lenten gift As a Lenten gift to the community, Benilde-St. Margaret’s will perform one of its most captivating musicals, “Feast of Life: Stories from the Gospel of Luke,� at 7 p.m., Thursday, March 24, at the school, 2501 Hwy. 100 S., St. Louis Park. In 2004, BSM was selected to showcase “Feast of Life� at the American High School Theatre Festival, as part of the Fringe Festival in Edinburgh, Scotland. “Feast of Life� (an original work written by Marty Haugen with Gary Daigle, student directed by Megan Collins and Shannon Cron, with music direction by Nancy Stockhaus and Jere Lantz) is a musical adaptation of the Gospel of Luke. After BSM performed it at the National Catholic Educational Association Conference in

2001, the show was asked to tour. It was so well received that it was professionally filmed and distributed in DVD format before the Scotland performances.


Act on your faith.

On the Fringe Festival website, a 5-star review labeled it “compelling.â€? The reviewer further wrote, “[It] was such a breath of fresh air from the usual Fringe venues. . . . I felt empowered and moved to make a difference in the world after experiencing this masterpiece. Marty Haugen’s work is pure genius.â€? No reservations are needed for the free performance March 24. A portion of the free-will offering that will be taken will be donated to the charity Nuestros PequeĂąos Hermanos, an orphanage in Guatemala.

John Paul II School to host spiritual art show Pope John Paul II School in northeast Minneapolis will host the 11th Annual Spiritual Art Show from Sunday, April 10, to Friday, April 15. The show will be open from 3 to 7 p.m. daily at the school’s Kolbe Center, 1630 Fourth St. N.E., one block east of University Ave. and 17th Avenue. It is free. All artists that live in Minnesota are welcome to submit work that has been done within the past three years, no later than Monday, April 4. Prizes totaling $500 will be awarded to the best works in the show, which is nondenominational and non-sectarian. Complete contest rules and entry forms

are available online at HTTP://SITES.GOOGLE .COM/SITE/SPARGEX or e-mail NRHEILLE@ MCG.NET or by mail: send a self-addressed /stamped business-size envelope to: Nick and Rosie Heille, NE Mpls Artist Concierge Service, 3460 Garfield St. NE, Mpls, MN 55418. Attendance has grown each year and every show has sold some works. Past hosts include Catholic ElderCare, Grace United Methodist and Northeast Community Lutheran in Minneapolis. Also, past winners have gone on to be displayed at Basilica of St. Mary, United Theological Seminary and St Mark’s Episcopal Cathedral.


Graduate Studies in Theology Master’s degree and certiďŹ cates for women and men who want to become ministers, explore a counseling career or pursue advanced studies. s!DDANINSPIRATIONALDIMENSIONTOYOURPROFESSIONALANDPERSONALLIFE s%MBARKONADYNAMICEXPLORATIONOF#HRISTIANTHOUGHT s)NCLUSIVEANDREmECTIVEAPPROACHTOSPIRITUALITY s#ERTIlCATESIN#ATECHETICS 0ASTORAL-INISTRYAND3PIRITUAL$IRECTION To learn more, call 651-690-6933 or visit




Calendar Submissions DEADLINE: The Catholic Spirit is biweekly. Items should be submitted by noon Thursday, seven days before the anticipated Thursday date of publication. Recurring or ongoing events must be submitted each time they occur.

Dining out Dad’s Belgian waffle dinner at St. John the Baptist, Jordan — March 18: 4:30 to 7 p.m. at 313 E. Second St. Cost is $6 or $20 for a family. Spaghetti dinner at St. Bernard, St. Paul — March 19: 4 to 7 p.m. at the parish center on Rice and Geranium. Cost is $8 for adults, $6 for seniors and $4 for children 6 to 12. KC pancake breakfast at Knights of Columbus Hall, Stillwater — March 20: 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. at 1910 S. Greely St. All you can eat $6 for adults and $3.50 for children 12 and under. Spaghetti supper at St. Mary, New Trier — March 20: 1 to 5 p.m. at 8433 239th St., Hampton. All-you-can-eat spaghetti and fettuccine alfredo. Also features games and a silent auction.

LISTINGS: Accepted are brief notices of upcoming events hosted by Catholic parishes and institutions. Items are published on a space available basis.

KC pancake breakfast at Holy Name of Jesus, Wayzata — March 20: 8 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at 155 County Road 24. Free will offering.

ITEMS MUST INCLUDE the following to be considered for publication in the calendar: • Time and date of event. • Full street address of event. • Description of event. • Contact information in case of questions.

Pancake breakfast at St. Michael, West St. Paul — March 27: 7 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at 335 E. Hurley St. Cost is $6 for adults, $3 for seniors and $16 for families. Sponsored by Boy Scout Troop 288.


Special Mass and brunch for people with disabilities at St. Edward, Bloomington — March 19: 9 a.m. at 9401 Nesbitt Ave. S. Mass followed by brunch with entertainment by Kitchen Kut-ups. For information, call (952) 885-7101.


(No attachments, please.) FAX: (651) 291-4460. MAIL: “Calendar,” The Catholic Spirit, 244 Dayton Ave., St. Paul, MN 55102.

Dad’s Belgian waffle breakfast at St. John the Baptist, New Brighton — March 20: 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at 835 Second Ave. N.W. Cost is $7 per person, children 5 and under are free. Take-out available. KC chicken and rib dinner at Knights of Columbus Hall, Bloomington — March 23 and 30: 5 to 9 p.m. at 1114 American Blvd. Cost is $12. Call (952) 888-1492 for reservations.

Parish events Rummage Sale at St. Mary of the Lake, White Bear Lake — March 17 to 19: 5 to 8 p.m. Thursday, 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Friday and 8 a.m. to noon Saturday (Bag Day) at 4690 Bald Eagle Ave. Soup supper and talk at St. Peter, Richfield — March 18: 5:30 p.m. at 6730 Nicollet Ave. S. Featured speaker is Michael Haasl, the global solidarity coordinator at the archdiocesan Center for Mission, talking about the H2O project.

St. Stephen’s Benefit ‘Adopt an Inner-City Parish for one Evening’ at St. Stephen, Minneapolis — March 19: 5 to 9 p.m. at 2211 Clinton Ave. S. Evening includes Mass, silent auction, dinner and guest speaker, Charlie Aeschliman, a former Navy SEAL, championship trick basketball handler, Catholic convert and evangelist. Cost is $100. To purchase tickets or for more information go to WWW.STSTEPHENSBENE FIT.ORG or call (612) 767-2434. Deadline is March 18. Cantus in concert at St. Bartholomew, Wayzata — March 20: 3 p.m. at 630 Wayzata Blvd. E. Tickets are $25 for adults and $10 for children. For information, visit WWW.CANTUSSINGS.ORG. One-man drama, “Miracle in Lanciano’ at St. Michael, St. Michael — March 23: 7 p.m. at 11300 Frankfort Parkway N.E. Presented by Jeremy Stanbary, Epiphany Studio Productions. Free will offering. Cantus in concert at St. Olaf, Minneapolis — March 24: 7:30 p.m. at 215 S. Eighth St. Tickets are $25 for adults and $10 for children. For information, visit WWW.CANTUS SINGS.ORG. ‘Getting Life and Work Right’ Reflections with Thomas J. Winninger at Our Lady of Grace, Edina — March 26: Follows the 8 a.m. Mass, 8:30 to 11:15 a.m. at

Taizé Prayer at St. Hubert, Chanhassen — March 17: 7 p.m. at 8201 Main St.

Don’t Miss

Healing Mass at Lumen Christi, St. Paul — March 21: Rosary at 7 p.m. and Mass at 7:30 p.m. at 2055 Bohland Ave. Father Jim Livingston will be the celebrant.

Lenten dinners Soup supper at Holy Cross, Minneapolis — All Wednesdays of Lent: 4:30 to 7 p.m. at 1621 University Ave. N.E. Enchilada dinner at Our Lady of Guadalupe, St. Paul — All Fridays of Lent: 11:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. at 401 Concord St. Take-out and enchiladas by the dozen also available. Lebanese Lenten dinner at Holy family Maronite Church, Mendota Heights — All Fridays of Lent: 5 to 7 p.m. at 1960 Lexington Ave. S. Fish fry at Knights of Columbus Hall, Bloomington — All Fridays of Lent: 5 to 9 p.m. at 1114 American Blvd. Call (952) 888-1492 for reservations. Fish fry at Epiphany, Coon Rapids — All Fridays of Lent: 4:30 to 7 p.m. at 1900 111th Ave. N.W. Fish fry at St. Charles, Bayport — All Fridays of Lent: 4 to 7:30 p.m. at 409 N. Third St. Fish fry at Sacred Heart, Robbinsdale — All Fridays of Lent: 4:30 to 7 p.m. at 4780 W. Broadway. Fish fry at Holy Cross, Minneapolis — All Fridays of Lent: 5 to 7 p.m. at 1621 University Ave. N.E. Fish fry at St. John the Baptist, Hugo — All Fridays of Lent: 5 to 8 p.m. at 14383 Forest Blvd. N. Fish fry at St. Peter, Forest Lake — All Fridays of Lent: 5 to 7 p.m. at 1250 South Shore Drive. Fish fry at St. Pascal Baylon, St. Paul — All Fridays of Lent: 4:30 to 7 p.m. at 1757 Conway St. Fish fry at St. Bernard, St. Paul — All Fridays of Lent: 4:30 to 7 p.m. at the corner of Rice Street and Geranium Avenue. Fish fry at St. Matthew, St. Paul — All Fridays of Lent: 4:30 to 7:30 p.m. at 510 Hall Ave. Fish fry at St. Timothy, Blaine — All Fridays of Lent: 7 p.m. at 707 89th Ave. N.E. Fish dinner at St. Stephen, Anoka — All Fridays of Lent: 6 to 7:30 p.m. at 525 Jackson St. Fish fry at Most Holy Trinity, St. Louis Park — March 18: 5 to 8 p.m. at 3946 Wooddale Ave. S. Fish fry at Mary, Queen of Peace, Rogers — March 18: 5 to 7 p.m. at 21304 Church Ave. Fish fry at Our Lady of Grace, Edina — March 18: 4:30 to 7:30 p.m. at 5071 Eden Ave. Fish dinner at St. Bonaventure, Bloomington — March 18: 4:30 to 7 p.m. at 901 E. 90th St. Fish fry at Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Maplewood — March 18: 4 to 7 p.m. at 1725 Kennard St. Fish fry at St. Anne, Hamel — March 18: 4:30 to 7 p.m. at 200 Hamel Road. Fish fry at Knights of Columbus Hall, Shakopee — March 18: 5 to 8 p.m. at 1760 Fourth Ave. E. Fish fry at St. Peter Catholic School, North St. Paul — March 25: 4 to 7 p.m. at 2620 N. Margaret St. Fish fry at St. Albert, Albertville — March 25: 4:30 to 7:30 p.m. at 11458 57th St. N.E. Fish fry at Totino-Grace High School, Fridley — March 25: 4:30 to 7 p.m. at 1350 Gardena Ave. N.E. Fish fry at St. Raphael, Crystal — March 25: 5 to 7 p.m. at 7301 Bass Lake Road. Fish fry at Transfiguration School, Oakdale — March 25: 5 to 7 p.m. at 6135 15th St. N. Fish fry at St. Michael, Prior Lake – April 1: 5 to 8 p.m. at 16311 Duluth Ave. Menu also includes macaroni and cheese. Fish fry at Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Maplewood — April 1: 4 to 7 p.m. at 1725 Kennard St.

5071 Eden Ave. Evening of Reflection at Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Maplewood — March 29: 7 p.m. at 1725 Kennard St. “The Healing Power of Forgiveness,” offered by Father Mark Huberty. For information, visit WWW.PRESENTATIONOFMARY.ORG.

Lenten silent weekend retreat for men at Christ the King Retreat Center, Buffalo — March 25 to 27: 7 p.m. Friday to 1 p.m. Sunday at 621 First Ave. S. Theme is: Jesus Heals Our Darkness. Suggested offering, $135. For information, visit WWW.KINGS HOUSE.COM or call (763) 682-1394. Rachel’s Vineyard retreat — March 25 to 27: For information on this retreat, call (763) 250-9313.

Retreats Life in the Spirit retreat at St. John the Baptist, Savage — March 19: Communion service at 8 a.m. followed by retreat. Concludes with Mass at 5 p.m. at 4625 W. 125th St. Call (952) 890-9434 for reservation. Women’s retreat at Immaculate Conception, Columbia Heights — March 19: 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. at 4030 Jackson St. N.E. “Woman, Go and Flourish: On the Dignity and Vocation of Women” presented by Liz Kelly. Cost is $10. Make reservations by March 10 by calling (763) 788-1897.

Lenten retreat at St. Odilia, Shoreview — April 2: 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. at 3495 N. Victoria. “Jesus Heals our Darkness,” presented by Father Jim Deegan and Sister Brenda Rose from Christ the King Retreat Center. Cost is $30 and includes lunch. Register at WWW.STODILIA.ORG.

Prayer/ liturgies Knights of Columbus traveling rosary at St. John, St. Paul — March 20: 2 p.m. at 977 Fifth St. E.

Knights of Columbus prayers for the Day of the Unborn child at Holy Spirit, St. Paul — March 25: 5:30 p.m. at 515 Albert St. Stations of the Cross, Rosary for Life and Divine Mercy Chaplet. Taizé prayer service at St. Odilia, Shoreview — March 25: 7 p.m. at 3495 N. Victoria. For information, call (651) 484-6681. Knights of Columbus traveling rosary at Nativity, St. Paul — March 27: 2 p.m. at 1900 Wellesley Ave.

Singles 50-plus singles potlucki dinner at St. Joseph, New Hope — March 27: 5 p.m. at 8701 36th Ave. N. Includes social hour, dinner and entertainment by an African drum group to follow. Call (763) 439-5940.

School events Open House at Our Lady of Peace School, Minneapolis — March 31: 6:30 to 8 p.m. at 5435 11th Ave. S. For students entering grades preschool to eight. For informaion, call (612) 823-8253. All school reunion for Minneapolis Regina High School at the Sofitel Hotel, Bloomington — April 16: 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Includes lunch and guest speaker, Dr. Leonard Sax, internationally-known speaker and author, who will talk about the climate today for girls and education. Advance registration is required. For information visit HTTP://TALKMN.ORG/REGINALIVES.HTML or call (612) 825-5108.

Other events ‘Souper Saturday’ at Leaflet Missal, St. Paul — March 19: 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. at 976 W. Minnehaha Ave. Sample St. Patrick’s Irish Cheddar Soup from “Twelve Months of Monastery Soups.” For information, visit WWW.LEAFLETONLINE.COM. Minneapolis Deaneries Council of Catholic Women mini-retreat at St. Hedwig, Minneapolis — March 28: 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. at 129 29th Ave. N.E. “Share the Faith, Begin with Me,” presented by Father Robert O’Donnell. Cost is $13 and includes lunch. St. Paul Deaneries Council of Catholic Women Evening of Enrichment at Holy Childhood, St. Paul — March 29: Registration and refreshments at 6:45 p.m. and speaker from 7 to 8 p.m. at 1435 Midway Parkway. Topic is “Heartwarming Stories of the Heartland,” presented by author Patrick Mader. Suggested donation $5. For information, call (651) 224-7102. ‘Mother Teresa at 100: Reflections on Why Her Work is Just Beginning’ at the University of St. Thomas, St. Paul — March 30: 7:30 p.m. at the O’Shaughnessy Educational Center Auditorium. James Towey, personal friend and former legal counsel to Mother Teresa of Calcutta will speak. Ministry Day of Retreat at St. Vincent de Paul, Brooklyn Park — March 31: 8:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. at 9100 93rd Ave. N. “Seeing Easter through Visio Divina” with Barbara Sutton of St. John’s School of Theology, Collegeville, using images from The Saint John’s Bible. Archdiocesan Women’s Retreat at Holy Spirit, St. Paul — April 2: 8:30 a.m. to noon at 515 S. Albert St. Lenten reflections by Father Peter Laird, adoration, Stations of the Cross and Mass. Cost is $10 and includes breakfast. For information, visit WWW.ARCHSPM.ORG or call (651) 291-4489.



Speaker: Science can aid parents of teens David Walsh’s March 19 talk to address ‘parenting with the brain in mind’ By Julie Pfitzinger For The Catholic Spirit

David Walsh believes there is not only an art to raising children, but there is a science to it as well. “The art of parenting has been handed down for hundreds of years,” said Walsh, founder and president of the National Institute on Media and the Family and now the founder of Mind Positive Parenting. “It is science that can help us understand how to make DAVID WALSH the art even more effective and how to do a good job of raising our kids.” On Saturday March 19, Walsh will be speaking at St. Peter in Mendota on the topic “Parenting with the Brain in Mind: What Science Tells Us About Raising Successful, Healthy Kids.” The presentation is part of the 2011 Educational Family Forum sponsored by the archdiocesan Office of Marriage, Family and Life. Author of the best-selling “Why Do They Act That Way? A Survival Guide to the Adolescent Brain for You and Your Teen,” Walsh said he plans to address some of the many ways that science and research can help parents better under-

“For today’s parents, teaching kids about self-discipline is certainly more of a challenge.


stand what he called the “very challenging teenage years.”

The science of teens “There are plenty of examples about the impact of science,” he said. “For instance, as exercise is important to cardiovascular health, there is also the role of brain health and fitness, which can stimulate brain growth and brain development, both so important for teenagers.” Sleep is another example of a key element in the lives of teens and something that is absolutely vital for their health and overall well-being, Walsh said. “Studies show that sleep deprivation is occurring in every age group, even infants,” he said. “The implications for not getting enough sleep can be profound.” Walsh also will talk about self-discipline and teenagers, which he said directly correlates to their success, happiness and spiritual development; he tackled this topic in his most recent book titled

“No: Why Kids — of All Ages — Need to Hear It and Ways Parents Can Say It.” “For today’s parents, teaching kids about self-discipline is certainly more of a challenge,” he said. “Parents in previous generations were part of a culture that supported the message of ‘no,’ but that’s not the case now.”

Challenged by technology Other challenges facing parents include the explosion of technology, which Walsh referred to as “a game changer for kids” since studies show they spend more time on television, video games, cell phones and computers than on any other activity they do during the day, except sleeping. Walsh, a parent and now a grandparent, said the various topics planned for the educational forum “could easily cover three days instead of three hours” and added that the event is geared not just to parents and grandparents, but to anyone who regularly works with children and teens. Registration for Walsh’s presentation will begin at 8:30 a.m. on March 19; the event runs from 9 a.m. to noon. The cost is $10 per individual and $15 for a couple — scholarships are available. St. Peter is at 1405 Hwy. 13 in Mendota. For more information, contact the Archdiocesan Office of Marriage, Family and Life at (651) 291-4488 or MFL@ARCHSPM.ORG. To learn more about David Walsh and his work, visit HTTP://DRDAVEWALSH.COM.

Too much ‘stuff’? Website connects donors with nonprofits that can use what you no longer need Want to help good causes while cleaning up the clutter in your life, spring cleaning your home or “rightsizing” your personal possessions? Nonprofit organizations like the Catholic Youth Camp may be interested in what you no longer need, and now technology can connect you with charities to ease the donation process. The Giving Effect (WWW.THEGIVING EFFECT.COM) is a new website that makes it easy to discover who needs what you don’t. Donors browse the site by needs, location or categories to find a cause, then complete a simple form to arrange a pickup, drop off or shipment. Catholic Youth Camp, a service institution affiliated with the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, is listed as welcoming new and good condition sporting goods, music instruments and other camp related items. There are three pages of nonprofits just from the Twin Cities area and some 1,300 charities nationwide that are in need of almost anything you can spare, from clothes, food and books to cleaning supplies and lumber.

Grade school basketball tourney to be March 20 The third annual Davanni’s Metropolitan Grade School Basketball Championships will be played beginning at 12:30 p.m. on Sunday, March 20, at Convent of the Visitation High School, 2455 Visitation Drive, Mendota Heights. Doors will open at noon. In the boys bracket: At 12:30 p.m. — Nativity of Our Lord, St. Paul, will play St. John the Baptist, Savage. At 2 p.m. — Ascension, Minneapolis, will play Maranatha, Minneapolis.

Catholics and Lutherans — representing some two million Minnesotans — have partnered in that legacy as the largest providers of health care, human services and non-public education. Being a state that cares for its people has been the hallmark of Minnesota. And the most telling measure of how well we care for each other is to consider how we treat those who are most vulnerable among us. We believe there exists in the people of this state the will to respond to the human needs among the poor with compassion, generosity and resolve. We challenge you to remember all Minnesotans as you make decisions that affect the people, the economy, and the character of this state. We pledge our support, our prayer, and our best effort to these same ends as we each seek to be faithful stewards of the common good in this state. Roman Catholic bishops of Minnesota: Archbishop John Nienstedt,

Andrea Prisby ’11 Master of Arts in Pastoral Ministry Program Administrator Saint Paul’s Outreach

For more information, contact Mark Courtney at (651) 357-2646.

Open letter from bishops CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

I feel like the degree itself is almost personalized to fit me and my interests. Professors are so willing to work with students and provide us the opportunity to seek God’s truth.

In the girls bracket: At 12:30 p.m. — St. John the Baptist, New Brighton, will play Our Lady of Grace, Edina. At 2 p.m. — St. Helena, Minneapolis, will play St. Vincent de Paul, Brooklyn Park, or Epiphany, Coon Rapids. Consolation games for both the boys and girls brackets are scheduled for 3 p.m. with the championship games to be played at 5 p.m.

Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis Bishop Michael Hoeppner, Diocese of Crookston Bishop John Kinney, Diocese of St. Cloud Bishop John LeVoir, Diocese of New Ulm Bishop Lee Piché, Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis Bishop John Quinn, Diocese of Winona Bishop Paul Sirba, Diocese of Duluth ELCA bishops of Minnesota Bishop Jon Anderson, Southwestern Minnesota Synod Bishop Thomas Aitken, Northeastern Minnesota Synod Bishop Craig Johnson, Minneapolis Area Synod Bishop Peter Rogness, St. Paul Area Synod Bishop Harold Usgaard, Southeastern Minnesota Synod Bishop Lawrence Wohlrabe, Northwestern Minnesota Synod

Answer Your Call. Realize your ministry goals with a graduate degree from The Saint Paul Seminary School of Divinity, which offers programs in theology, religious education and pastoral ministry.

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At men’s conference, archbishop stresses need for sacraments CONTINUED FROM PAGE 5 satisfaction and freedom. He learned this during college, after he had chased after worldly pursuits without gaining the freedom he was looking for. Then, he was invited to a Catholic retreat and had a personal experience with God. In his talk, he described the richness of his life of faith, and invited the men to taste the same thing. “Nothing will bring you the freedom you are looking for except Jesus Christ, who said, ‘I have come that they might have life and have it more abundantly,’ ” Rinaldi said. “Do you want that life? Men, we need to die to ourselves to receive the freedom we’re longing for.”

Serving one’s spouse John Buri, psychology professor at the University of St. Thomas and marriage

Social concern issues may lack funds CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4

expert, gave the men advice for how to apply the concept of self-denial to their marriages. Author of a book called “How to Love Your Wife,” he said it can be as simple as washing the dishes. Yet, just as important as doing such tasks is having the right attitude about serving one’s spouse. “We need to do it with a heart that loves to do it,” he said. “We are not simply men who go through the motions doing what we need to do; we actually grow to love it, we actually want to do the dishes.” Buri knows this message is countercultural, which is one reason why he was excited to see such a large gathering of Catholic men at the cathedral. “For years, I have dreamed of something like this,” he said, “800, 900 men who are interested in saying yes to God.”

tion of marriage have been identified. The bills have not been introduced yet because legislative leaders will take up social issues that do not have a fiscal impact once budget bills are passed.

Social concerns It was a joyful moment last week in the House Public Safety Committee when House File 556, which will protect victims of child trafficking by decriminalizing juvenile prostitution and creating safe harbor and services for victims, was passed unanimously by committee members. Trafficking victim advocates are hopeful that a Senate companion bill will be introduced soon. Senate Files 509 and 479, which would require voters to show photo

identification, were heard on March 14. The MCC is concerned about these proposals — not because having voters show photo identification is an inherently bad idea, but because there are a number of studies that show that surprisingly high numbers of elderly, minority and low-income people do not currently have photo identification. The MCC is worried that, without funds allocated to offer outreach and assistance (e.g. for help with paperwork and transportation) for people currently without identification, such a new requirement would disenfranchise eligible voters. Many large bills, including the omnibus budget bills, will be coming up for hearings in the next couple of weeks.

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CATHOLIC SCHOOL PRINCIPAL. St. Joseph’s Catholic School of Moorhead, MN, is seeking a principal for the PreK through 8th grade elementary school. Successful candidates must be a practicing Catholic with knowledge of Catholic teachings; hold a masters degree in administration or working towards one in administration or a similar area; hold or be willing to obtain an administrative license from the state of MN; have a minimum of 3 years teaching experience. Candidates must have leadership, human resources, curriculum knowledge and financial management skills. Prior school administrative experience is preferred. Salary is negotiable and commensurate with experience and education. Visit WWW.STJOESMHDSCHOOL.COM for complete job posting. Please submit letter of interest, 3 references, resume and credentials to: Search Committee, St. Joseph’s Catholic School, 218 10th Street South, Moorhead, MN 56560 or e-mail MHEINZEN@STJOESMHD.COM. Interviews will begin the first week of April. 23129 Catholic High School Principal. Hill-Murray School, Maplewood MN seeks an accomplished instructional leader who possesses the following: ~ knowledgeable practicing Catholic ~ demonstrated commitment to Catholic education ~ dynamic, innovative, collaborative leadership style ~ Minnesota administrative licensure Interested applicants can find further information at WWW.HILL-MURRAY.ORG. Credentials should be submitted to: PRINCIPALSEARCH @HILL-MURRAY.ORG by April 8, 2011. 3530 Physical Therapist (PT) or Assistant (PTA), Email resume: CROWNMED@MSN.COM, fax: (612) 872-4343 WWW.CROWNMEDICALCENTER.ORG.


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Time to rediscover fasting CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 hunger. The program, which has been active since 1999, runs under the direction of program officer Jennifer Swope of Catholic Relief Services in Baltimore, the U.S. bishops’ international relief and development agency. Food Fast offers a journey of solidarity with people overseas as a way of living out the Catholic faith. Grounded in Catholic social teaching, Food Fast teaches youths about issues faced by their peers in the developing world; encourages youths to take action on behalf of the poor and hungry; and invites youths to share their perspectives and knowledge about the world with their community to create lasting change in the world. Fasting and abstinence should go back to being a communal practice for families and parishes who skip a meal, spend the time in prayer and donate the money to charity, says Msgr. Charles Murphy, 75, director of the diaconate program for the Diocese of Portland, Maine.

Healing practice Msgr. Murphy acknowledges that fasting fell out of favor. In February 1980, a few months after visiting the United States, Pope John Paul II had dinner at the Pontifical North American College in Rome where Msgr. Murphy was the rector. The pope asked the rector about the lack of fasting in the United States. “I didn’t have an answer for him then,” recalled Msgr. Murphy, who said his answer became his book “The Spirituality of Fasting: Rediscovering a Christian Practice,” published by Ave Maria Press in 2010. He also promotes the partial fast observed during Lent as a way to “heal our

“They say it takes 40 days for the body to reset itself biologically and that’s what Lent is.

MSGR. CHARLES MURPHY Author of “The Spirituality of Fasting”

bodies, minds and spirits of bad habits. They say it takes 40 days for the body to reset itself biologically and that’s what Lent is.” America’s appetite could stand to benefit physically by fasting, said Dr. Raymond Casciari, chief medical officer at St. Joseph Hospital in Orange, Calif. Fasting “tends to make you more alert and tends to make you less depressed.” Most people begin to metabolize fat after 12 hours of fasting. “We need to access that fat, otherwise it just continues to build,” said the physician. “The more fat we build the more likely that we will get all sorts of diseases related to fat, diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, strokes.” A weekly fasting day, staying hydrated with water, would be a good thing for most people, he said. Just as important is breaking that fast with a small meal, rather than trying to make up for the meals missed. More information about the Food Fast program of Catholic Relief Services can be found at WWW.FOODFAST.ORG. Materials are in Spanish and English.

The Catholic Spirit News with a Catholic heart. 651-291-4444

Because of


families won’t go hungry. Fifty-six percent of food shelf visits in Minnesota are by families with children. March is Food Share Month. Our food shelves can purchase nine dollars of food for every dollar you donate.

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Because of


Help feed hungry families by donating to Catholic Charities. Visit or call 612-204-8374.

“As we begin the Lenten season on this Ash Wednesday, and we reflect on the crucifixion of Jesus and the mystery of his death and resurrection, there is no better time for this landmark law to be approved.” The Catholic Conference of Illinois, in a March 9 statement issued the same day Gov. Pat Quinn signed into law a bill to abolish the death penalty

Overheard 24

Quotes from this week’s newsmakers

The Catholic Spirit

More than 600 take part in the Rite of Election

Cadets capture hockey title with comeback win

The Basilica of St. Mary and Cathedral of St. Paul welcomed 157 catechumens (the unbaptized) and 486 candidates (baptized) for the Rite of Election, which is part of the process The leading up to full Catholic Spirit communion in the Catholic Church during Easter Vigil Masses Saturday, April 23. Catechumens, who are preparing for the sacraments of baptism, confirmation and first Eucharist, signed their names in the Book of the Elect and came forward to greet the archbishop/bishop. The candidates, who are already baptized and preparing to become Catholics, also participate in the event.

From left, St. Thomas Academy hockey players Michael Ferriera (partially visible), Andrew Commers, Matt Kroska, Wyatt Schmidt (behind), AJ Reid and Zach Schroeder celebrate their state Class A championship March 12 at the Xcel Energy Center in St. Paul. The Cadets won a thriller, defeating Hermantown 5-4 in overtime, a game in which they never led until the final goal was scored by senior defenseman Taylor Fleming. Kroska, Reid, Schroeder and Ferreira are seniors, Commers is a junior, and Schmidt is a sophomore. For more photos, visit THECATHOLICSPIRIT.COM.

News Notes

Planned to pledge? If you need a reminder about supporting this year’s Catholic Services Appeal, consider yourself reminded! Pledges and donations continue to be accepted to help fund seminary education, community services, Catholic schools and the ministries at your own parish. Drop your pledge in the collection basket at Mass, mail it to your parish, send it directly to the Development and Stewardship Office, 328 W. Kellogg Blvd., St. Paul MN 55102, or make a donation online at HTTP://APPEAL.ARCHSPM. ORG/GIVING.HTML.

Dave Hrbacek / The Catholic Spirit

on YouTube. Go to HTTP://TINYURL.COM/ 4DNO6ZK to see the video.

Jerry and Ursula Choromanski, members of St. Raphael in Crystal, received the 2011 Trustee of the Year Award from Aging Services of Minnesota for their volunteer board service to Saint Therese, a senior care and housing organization in New Hope, Brooklyn Park and Shoreview.

of the fundraiser’s promotions, printing and prizes. Students, parents and educators sold nearly 69,000 raffle tickets from Jan. 24 to March 4. The raffle drawing took place March 10. Winners will be announced as soon as they are verified. Prizes also are given to top student ticket sellers. All winners will be posted on the CUF website WWW.CATHOLICUNITEDFINANCIAL.ORG.

Spencer Howe of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis was among 53 seminarians at the Pontifical North American College in Rome who were instituted to the Ministry of Acolyte on March 6.

Catholic ed up $344,956

Basilica youth take honors

Hill-Murray’s top teacher

Catholic United Financial helped Catholic students and schools raise $344,956 this winter, smashing the $250,000 goal. CUF, formerly Catholic Aid Association, underwrites all the costs

Basilica of St. Mary Youth Group won the Downtown Congregations to End Homelessness/Interfaith Youth Leadership Council video contest. The video was shown at the Basilica and put

Shane Rose, a teacher at Hill-Murray School in Maplewood, was named the 2011 Social Studies High School Teacher of the Year by the Minnesota Council for the Social Studies. The MCAA lauded

Award to trustee couple

Hearing Tests Set for Senior Citizens Announcement — Free electronic hearing tests will be given all next week Monday thru Friday from 9 am to 4 pm. The tests have been arranged for anyone who suspects they are not hearing clearly. People who generally feel they can hear, but cannot understand words clearly are encouraged to come in for the test, which uses the latest electronic equipment. Everyone, especially those over age 55 should have an electronic hearing test once

MARCH 17, 2011

a year. Demonstrations of the latest devices to improve clarity of speech will be programmed using a computer to your particular needs — on the spot — after the tests. See (and HEAR) for yourself if newlydeveloped methods of correction will help you understand words better. Tests will be performed at one of 20 convenient Greater Twin Cities Avada Hearing Care locations.

Call 1-800-435-5189 ©2011 HHM, Inc. 304

New acolytes instituted

his “dedication to homeless advocacy and involvement of Hill-Murray students in that advocacy.”

New Maronite patriarch Church bells rang, horns blasted and firecrackers echoed throughout Lebanon as it was announced March 15 that Bishop Bechara Rai of Jbeil, Lebanon, had been elected the new patriarch of the Maronite Catholic Church. Patriarch Rai, 71, known for his courage to speak the truth, is seen as someone who can unite Maronite Catholics, who have been divided among political party lines. He replaces Cardinal Nasrallah P. Sfeir, 90, who retired.

Pilgrimage to the Holy Land with Fr. Schneider Join Fr. Robert Schneider on a Pilgrimage to the Holy Land! October 31 - November 11, 2011 This Pilgrimage also includes visits to Brussels, Bruges, Leuven and Cologne Germany. For more information go to: and click on pilgrimage or call Fr. Schneider at 507-469-9979

The Catholic Spirit - March 17, 2011  

Includes Lenten topics and Confirmation coverage.