Inside 2 PLAY TIME
November 5, 2015
Convent of the Sacred Heart HS • San Francisco, California
Vol. 22, Iss.3
Car thefts in San Francisco’s Pacific Heights and surrounding area, Oct.1 through Nov. 2, 2015. = 1 car theft
Car theft rates driven up Shattered glass, stolen items on the rise in San Francisco. Liana Lum
When sophomore Sophia Davari returned with her father to their parked car on Howard Street in the Financial District, they were met with shattered glass and not with the backpack Davari had left in the car containing her homework, laptop, Beats headphones, iPad, wallet and watch. “We saw an SF police officer walking by, and we asked what we could do,” Davari said. “He said there was no way to find stuff that was stolen, and it was probably in the Tenderloin by now, so there’s no chance.” The number of vehicle breakins in San Francisco is on the rise, with over 500 reported thefts — since the beginning of October – according to SFPD CrimeMAPS. Auto break-ins have spiked 47 percent in the first half of this year, and have seen an over 200 percent increase since May, which saw 160 thefts. “We’ve seen an absolute explosion of auto break-ins,” San
Francisco Supervisor Scott Wiener said in an interview with SFGate. “There are areas in my district where you’ll have 10 cars on a single block that have been broken into.” Some officials attribute the rise in auto burglaries to AB109, California’s Public Safety Realignment Act of 2011, which places those convicted of theft in local instead of state jails, and to Proposition 47, which reduces nonviolent crimes from felonies to misdemeanors statewide. With California’s property crime rate decreasing, others claim the city’s declining resources, lenient court system and widening income gap are to blame. Proving a case is also difficult, requiring a witness or circumstantial evidence, according to Alex Bastian of the San Francisco District Attorney’s Office. Victims should immediately call 911 if thefts are in progress or if they happened within the last five minutes, according to
the San Francisco Police Department. “My mom did call 911 because she thought it’d be a threat,” senior Laurel Cinti, whose mother’s car was broken into twice, said. “We were in a bad neighborhood and the robbers used force to break-in, but the police did not respond.” Victims may alternatively file an online police report for vehicle burglary, which asks for information such as details of property stolen and whether vehicles were locked and windows closed. An officer will contact them and verify reports in one to three business days. “We see a lot more cars now,” Nelson Chen, who works at Secureway Auto Glass, said. “The damage is usually on the small, rear glass mirror, and most people pay out of pocket.” Insurance coverage depends on the driver’s plan and is determined on a case-by-case basis. Davari says she was able to get a new iPad, but her Beats and laptop were not covered.
“We called our insurance to see what they could do, and they basically said, ‘Sorry, there’s nothing we can do,’” Cinti said. “We weren’t refunded because they can’t prove we had stuff in the car.” The San Francisco Housing Authority advises drivers to park their cars in a well-lit areas. Belongings should be out of sight or placed in the trunk prior to parking, to avoid experienced thieves who are often on the watch for valuables, according to Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company. “I never leave anything in the car anymore,” Davari said, mentioning that a covered bag with her father’s iPad, placed next to her backpack in the car, was not stolen. “I’m much more cautious of where I put things and where I am with my belongings.” Source: http://www.crimemapping.com Liana Lum | THE BROADVIEW
Service project bypasses borders Juniors begin ground-breaking efforts. Alyssa Alvarez Sports Editor
Following the devastating 7.8 earthquake that flattened cities in Nepal last April, six juniors have come together to rebuild a school from ruins. Project Nepal, a chapter from the service-based club Students In Action, is taking their services international with a plan to raise money to help rebuild an elementary school and parts of a Chyangba village. “After I heard about the earthquake, I found it interesting, and it was something I wanted to become involved in,” project secretary Kailey Honniball said. “Most people are mainly focused
on the bigger cities that were hit by the earthquake, but we are focused on aiding a smaller village.” The earthquake killed more than 8,800 people and injured nearly three times as many, leaving cities in ruin. Stuart Hall’s SIA Team proposed the project, and they asked a few individuals to take on the project, turn it into a non profit and launch it, according to creative director Olivia Hoekendijk. “We joined SIA at the beginning of last year because Julian Moreno (head of SIA team) encouraged us to,” project director Dylan Kelly said. “At the end of
Upcoming fall production prepares to take the stage.
3 SACRED ART
An in-depth look at the history hanging in the halls.
5 NOT SO FRIENDLY
Abusive relationships harm high school students.
6 FACING THE FACTS
Unnatural skin cleansers can be replaced by safe recipes.
8 FOOD FOR THOUGHT Power bars and energy drinks may not be the healthiest options.
Tonight’s annual admissions event Evening School has changed since last year under supervision of the new Associate Director of Admissions Allyson Maebert. Not requiring all students to attend in the evening will leave room for prospective students to sit in classroom environments and engage with teachers. Visitors and their families tour the school led by students and attend mini-classes. Extracurriculars and departments such as art and journalism will occupy booths in the Main Hall where visitors can ask questions.
CONFERENCE TIME Ang Phula Sherpa | with permission
NEW SCHOOL Project Nepal members plan to rebuild an elementary school in the summer of 2016. The school was left in ruins after a 7.9 earthquake. last year, Stuart Hall theology teacher Ray O’Connor introduced the idea of working with a village in Nepal.” After the paperwork is completed to gain nonprofit status, the group plans to think of fundraising ideas and reach out to different companies for sponsorship, according to public relations director Gia Monachino. “Our goal is to raise $25,000 and right now we are applying with the IRS to become a nonprofit,” Kelly said. “Once we get that, we can actually begin fundraising. We hope to start building during the summer.” Project Nepal has posted a trailer introducing the project that is on their website, projectnepal.com, and plans to devise
marketing statements to gain attention and support. “I do a lot of the visual stuff for the website and making videos to promote it,” Hoekendijk said. “We are going to show videos at assemblies and try to get people to donate and just support the cause.” Project Nepal embodies Goal Three, “a social awareness compels to action,” as students are acknowledging a major devastation to so many people in Nepal and responding to it in their own way. “I really wanted to become involved in a service opportunity that is hands-on,” Hoekendijk said. “I think we can really makea difference in a community that is under such suffrage.”
Students will have no school on Friday, Nov. 6 due to ParentTeacher Conferences. These are not student-run, as the spring conferences are, but are useful for parents meeting with teachers to discuss progress through the year so far.
FALL SPORTS DINNER
The Fall Sports Banquet takes place on Thursday, Nov. 19, and will celebrate athletes who participated in tennis, golf, volleyball and sailing and recognize the achievements of the teams and individuals.
Students In Action is holding a toiletry drive to benefit La Casa de las Madres, a resource center for women experiencing domestic abuse. Bags of toiletries must contain at least four items and be approved by an SIA member before being placed in collection bins.
ADDRESS SERVICE REQUESTED The Broadview Convent of the Sacred Heart HS Schools of the Sacred Heart 2222 Broadway San Francisco, CA 94115
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2 | THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015
A ‘tempting’ invitation
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‘The Tempest’ storms Syufy Theatre. Claire Kosewic Senior Reporter
Forgiveness, love and mystery converge onstage in the fall production of Shakespeare’s “The Tempest.” “This play never gets old,” director Pamela Rickard said. “Although it was written several hundred years ago, its message of forgiveness and realizing that violence does not make wrongdoings right is ageless.” The story centers around Prospero, played by Stuart Hall senior Daniel Im, a man banished to an island by his jealous brother, and the revenge that he seeks for the injustice he has experienced. “Because Shakespeare is such a well-known playwright, each time you perform any of his works, you have to think a lot about how to make it fresh and interesting,” sophomore Francesca Petruzelli, who plays Iris, said.
Much of the set is created by lights and projections, to set the tone of magic and mystery, according to stage manager Kelly Rosanelli. “This is definitely not your average Shakespeare production,” Rosanelli said. “We have some slightly abstract creations in our set design, and the actors are doing a great job of imagining the whimsical world the crew is creating.” Convent & Stuart Hall’s production of “The Tempest” is abridged, a practice common in high school performances, because some monologues and other sections are too long to be realistically memorized by the actors. “The hardest thing about performing any of Shakespeare’s plays is the language,” Petruzelli said. “When the audience doesn’t necessarily know what the words mean, it is the actor’s
Jemima Scott | THE BROADVIEW
PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT Seniors Duncan McDonell, Daniel Im and Catherine Heinen (from left) read their lines during a rehearsal for the school production of “The Tempest”. The set features intricately designed lighting schemes and complex projections to add to the play’s aura of mystery and magic. job to use their voice and body language to convey it.” Tricia Cronin, who is new to the school this year, created the movement direction for this production, which is less about dance and more about setting the mood for the play, according to Rickard. “The choreography is fresh, new, and fits with the subject matter very well,” Rickard said. “Our music, which goes hand
Managing student loans Fiona Mittelstaedt Senior Reporter
With the rising cost of college, applicants may want to step back from filling out applications and look to better understand finance in higher education. Private and nonprofit colleges have experienced a 3.6 percent increase in tuition price from 2013 to 2015, according to the College Board, causing a rise in the number of students taking out loans. “Students really have to be careful when they look at student loans because when you’re in high school, it may be difficult to wrap your head around the fact of taking out $10,000 a year, maybe $20,000 a year in loans,” College Counseling Director Rebecca Munda said. American University sophomore Addie Schieber (’13) began paying off her student loans last year and has since worked out a payment plan, which should leave her with less than $5,000 in debt after she graduates. “Talk to someone who knows what they’re doing,” Schieber said. “Most banks will talk to you. Also talk to your parents and have an open conversation, because they would know more
More students borrowing money, amount of loans rising More students are increasingly borrowing more money as tuition rises in colleges and universities. There has been a 20 percent increase in student debt over the past 10 years.
than any graduating high school student would.” Discussing finances with parents is pivotal to understanding a senior’s economic situation and which college would be the best fit for her financially, according to Munda. The College Board has developed the Net Price calculator to estimate the cost of college by finding the difference between the price of the college and the grants and financial aid that students may be eligible to receive. “I’ve looked into the Net Price calculator with my dad to see how much money I could potentially be offered by colleges,” senior Sophia Slacik said. With the average student loan coming in at tens of thousands of dollars, students are not always aware of how long it will take them to pay off their loans, according to Munda. Payment plans and safety schools should be considered during these conversations, according to Katy Murphy, Director of College Counseling at Bellarmine College Preparatory in San Jose. “Students need to talk to their counselors about putting what I call a ‘financial aid safety school’
on their list,” Murphy said. “Under any circumstance the characteristics of that college will be what they are looking for, and the college would also be affordable.” Private school tuition can fall anywhere between $50,000 to $60,000 a year which can be a huge amount to take on, according to Munda. Using a student loan calculator can clarify the amount of debt an individual should take on based on salary and previous loans, as well as how much money one should make to stay on top of her loans, according to FinAid, an organization that counsels students and their families about financial aid. Many colleges will be able to meet a student’s financial needs, so it is not worth taking out a large loan for an undergraduate degree, according to Murphy. “It is okay if you are overwhelmed,” Schieber said. “It is a very overwhelming thing to think about owing money in the future. Let yourself be overwhelmed and get it out. The most important thing is to talk with your parents or whoever is supporting you financially.”
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Source: “The Share of College Graduates Borrowing Has SharIply Increased” Pew Research Center Fiona Mittelstaedt | THE BROADVIEW
in hand with that, is also amazing. Composed almost entirely by Paul Pryor Lorentz, it adds an element of depth, mystery and excitement to the whole affair.” Shakespeare was written to be performed, not read, so the choreography, music, and lighting in addition to the work of the actors help to tell the story for audiences, according to Rickard. “‘We are such stuff as dreams are made of,’” Rickard quoted
from the play. “It just perfectly sums up the entire message. Prospero talks so much about forgiveness and change, and there’s a profound message there that everyone can see if they just look for it.” Performances are scheduled for Thursday, Nov. 12 and Friday, Nov. 13 at 7 p.m. and Saturday, Nov. 14 at 2 p.m. in Syufy Theatre. Tickets are $10.
Senior presentations to highlight interests Short ‘talks’ may include visuals, performances.
Assistant Copy Editor
Monday morning assemblies will soon be incorporating three to five minute presentations by seniors on a topic of choice as of Nov. 9. “We had some experience with students sharing about service,” Student Activities Director Devin Demartini Cooke said. “It was really nice to have that student voice be a part of our assemblies.” Juniors and seniors had the opportunity during Elective Period last year to take a class similar to CORE, a coed leadership-centric course for freshmen and sophomores, in which they participated in seminars to strengthen the leadership skills they acquired in previous years. “Senior presentations cam e from the idea of developing your whole self,” Demartini Cooke said. While some seniors have not yet started thinking about their presentations, a few have a clear idea of what they will be sharing. “I want to talk about something to do with my college essay,” senior Audrey Brooke said. “It’s about my sister and seeing how her modern social media world has impacted her life. She focuses a lot on what she’s wearing and what other people think of her rather than her beliefs or intellect.” Presentations will generally focus on a topic that the presenter is particularly ex-
perienced or interested in. “I am going to talk a little bit about some of the things that I’ve learned from volunteering at the SF SPCA,” Ántonia de Leon said. “I don’t know how many people know how special our city is and how special the Bay Area is seeing, as we have the lowest kill rate out of any city in the country and adopt out the most animals.” Presentations can incorporate audiovisuals or take the form of an original song or dance. “They are a cool opportunity to try a different type of presentation that we don’t do in class,” Brooke said. “It’s a stage environment at school in front of people we know, so it will probably be really useful practice for college.” Students have the opportunity to reveal new things about themselves and to get to know each other better. “You can connect with students and what they’re doing individually that you might not have expected,” Demartini Cooke said. “You might learn something new about a senior and a freshman could be really into that too.” The presentations do not necessarily call for a lot of preparation, but they do require students to reflect on their experiences, according to Demartini Cooke. “I hope the audience will take away a new understanding or a different way of looking at things,” Brooke said.
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THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 | 3
Guardian of the front gates Security guard oversees school safety, guiding the community at every turn.
rom the early afternoon to late at night, a slight man clad in a Stuart Hall High School cap and a neon yellow security vest — complete with a white smile — greets community members, and he has been doing it all for 15 years. “I just do my job,” security guard Ali Nasser said. “I try to be as kind as possible because everyone here is so awesome. I can’t say anything wrong about them.” Nasser, known to almost everyone in the school community as Ali, moved to Deerfield, Michigan from his native country Yemen when he was 10 years old with his mother in hand to join his father who was already living there. “Michigan’s a good city. You go there, and you get a job right away,” Ali said. “My whole family is in Michigan. My home is Michigan.” As Ali settled in Michigan, he attended his local school. At the age of 17, Ali returned to Yemen for a six-month stay, during which time he met and married his wife — a cultural custom that Ali followed. “We married when we were kids.” Ali said. “She’s my best friend and I love her forever.
It’s been 41 years, and I hope we have 41 more years.” Ali worked with his father at Chrysler’s manufacturing plant by the time he turned 18, his father working there for 35 years, but his own job lasting four years as an assembly line worker and later a freight driver — getting laid off amidst the Chrysler bailout of 1979. Ali soon joined the U.S. Marines and served for about 20 years, sailing around the world to various countries, and citing Russia as the one place he has not visited. “It was a beautiful and good life in the Marines,” Ali said. “but I did miss my family.” Ali ended up in Long Beach, Calif. around 1995 and made his way to San Francisco where he settled with his family due to what he said was his love for the city’s diversity. He proceeded to apply for a security guard job at various high schools in the Bay Area and began working for Convent & Stuart Hall. “He really does take his job seriously,” Stuart Hall High School senior Duncan McDonell said. “He’s going to be out there rain or shine and he has a great attitude about his job.” McDonell developed a connection with Ali as an elementary school student at Stuart Hall
Izzy Bowen | THE BROADVIEW
KEEPING IT SAFE Security guard Ali Nasser guides traffic on a foggy afternoon as the afterschool pickups roll in. Nasser works from 1 p.m. until the entire school is emptied of all community members and visitors, often remaining until late into the evening. for Boys, being acquainted as they talked between classes and after school. Ali’s top priority is to protect the students and distinguishes between community members and strangers, according to front desk attendant Sandra Stapleton.
“He’s always checking that the doors are locked, always looking at his surroundings,” Stapleton said. “If someone is strange, then he will be there to check on him or her, and when I call him for help, he’s right there.” As the last few people trickle
out of the school’s buildings, Ali is said to check that every single door is locked and window is closed before he heads home. “This is the best job for me and I love it very much,” Ali said. “This is the best place I’ve worked for in my lifetime.”
POPE JULIUS II
Portrait of Pope Julius ll Original Artist: Raphael Artist: Unknown Region: Italian Date: Late 19th/ early 20th c. Location: Marble Staircase
Tobias’s Farewell to the Angel Original Artist: Giovanni Biliverti Artist: Unknown Region: Italian Date: 20th century Location: Flood Marble Staircase
Pope Julius ll (1503-1515), a known art patron, commissioned the original portrait during the High Renaissance. The pope is depicted in a vulnerable state, unusual for the time
This scene from the Book of Tobit, one of the Old Testament apocryphal books, shows Tobit after being cured of his blindness by a fish caught by his son and blessed by the archangel Raphael. Tobias begs the archangel to accept his gratuitous offering of jewels and Raphael refuses.
This is a first in a series highlighting the art hanging in the Schools of the Sacred Heart. Maud Flood donated these paintings to the Society of the Sacred Heart with her home, the Flood Mansion, in 1939.
TOBIAS’S FAREWELL TO THE ANGEL Sources: Art History teacher Sarah Garlinghouse, Art historian Sunnie Evers, SSH appraisal book.
Conference to convene alumni/ae
raduates of the four schools congregated in the Gallery last Thursday to discuss volunteer opportunities for the upcoming Associated Alumnae and Alumni of the Sacred Heart conference. San Francisco is the next host of the biennial 2017 AASH national conference, with a theme of “Journey of the Heart: A Global Vision,” according to AASH president Mary Forsyth. The location of the national conference rotates, and the 2015 conference was located in Boston. “Because you are here, you want to give back,” Conference Chair Jeanne Asdourian (’79) said during the Call to Conference, after explaining plans for the upcoming event. The Goals and Criteria will be a recurring theme throughout the conference, according to Asdourian. “We have the Five Goals here that we live by, that we do
everything by,” Asdourian said. “We are hoping that at a certain point as an alum, that you still incorporate the Five Goals in your life. It’s revisiting the Five Goals in a different light, in the light of an alumna, not a student.” Conference planners hope to draw in alumni who are part of the community of alumnae and alumni from Sacred Heart education but are not currently members of AASH, according to Forsyth. “A lot of our younger alums in the past have chosen not to participate and one of the goals of this committee is to really provide alums in the Bay Area a lot of good reasons to come to both the programs and to some of the social events,” Forsyth said. Attendees brainstormed techniques to help the planning committee reach out to younger alumnae and alumni including using social media to create a buzz around the event. Other announcements will
be made through the Network of Sacred Heart Schools, using local school publications, according to conference advisor Lorraine Scullion (’76). Male Sacred Heart graduates are invited to the conference but rarely attend, according to Scullion. “It’s embracing those grad-
uates, those families who have made a comment to recognizing the value of education young men in the same traditions and beliefs as educating young women,” Scullion said. “It’s a natural progression that the alumni of those schools would embrace the same activities and opportunities.”
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT CHAIR
ӹӹ Watching films ӹӹ Participating in theatre ӹӹ Fashion
FAVORITE FOOD ӹӹ “Potesto” pizza from Za Pizza
THE AVERAGE WEEKEND
ӹӹ Several hours of yoga ӹӹ Watching comedy shows, plays or musicals
FUN FACT Jemima Scott | THE BROADVIEW
CONNECTIONS RESTORED Conference attendees brainstorm ways to reach out to young alumnae and alumni through social media. Facebook was a means of contact that garnered the most support.
ӹӹ Does not have a favorite book: “Its like choosing a favorite child.” — Compiled by India Thieriot
4 | THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 THE BROADVIEW AND BROADVIEW.SACREDSF.ORG
When the going gets tough
Unhealthy peer relationships, from romances to friendships to social seclusion, can negatively affect teens’ social and emotional well-being.
Being the odd girl out
Social isolation, self-imposed or a result of others’ intentions, can cause more harm than meets the eye.
Lisabelle Panossian Web Editor
s young women maneuver through crowded hallways on their way to classes, passing by friends saying hello and exchanging jokes and laughter, some students can still feel lonely and isolated. “I’ve always lived with it,” junior Kayla Man said about her personal experience with social isolation. “I’ve been isolated even when I placed myself in friend groups.” The majority of adolescent personality types fall in the middle of a bell curve, but a teenager is perceived as possessing a quality that makes her stand out from mainstream culture is considered an outlier, falling on the edges of the bell, according to licensed clinical social worker Laura Fraser. The outlier qualities commonly consist of early or late maturation or possessing other personality traits that are seen as unconventional. “I call myself a floater because I don’t feel close with any of my friends,” Man said. “We were a group in middle school, but then we separated in a way when we got into high school.” Although Man has chosen to be outside an interaction norm, the intentional act of inflicting social isolation upon others can be seen as a form of bullying. Adults may not see social isolation as a dire situation, but it can be devastating for students. Yet, 56 percent of adults say schools should take action if a student isolates another student socially, according to a survey conducted by University of Michigan. “Bullying isn’t always with your enemies,” Man said. “It can be with your closest friend and you feel like you can’t do anything about it.” Neurological changes that occur in adolescents’ brains may also result into a longing for reflection during a solitary activity such as listening to music or streaming episodes of their favorite television shows for an ordinary amount of time, according to Fraser. Socially isolated behavior may alternatively result from external problems such as broken relationships, parental issues, or drug and alcohol abuse that push a person deeper into a cage of loneliness.
“I chose to do it to myself as a side effect of other problems I was dealing with,” a respondent to an anonymous online Broadview survey said about her social isolation. “My friends are fantastic and super supportive, but I can still feel set apart from them because of me.” Yet teens may see their social isolation as their own mistake once they assess their situation. “I think that my isolation was maybe my fault because I began avoiding certain people,” Man said, “but it was because I was trying to separate myself from others so I don’t have to be hurt again.” Fraser has spent many hours leading therapy sessions in helping people deconstruct their social isolation and assisting them in experiencing a sense that they can trust friends in the future to be there for them. “When social isolation happens in adolescent years, memory tracks get laid down more firmly in terms of what’s happening due to neurological changes,” Fraser said. “These things stick with people a lot more in that time of life.” Social isolation is often avoidable once students move beyond the social structures of school, according to Fraser. “People have more of a choice in terms of which groups they want to be in,” Fraser said. “They’re starting to find the things that they’re interested in and make them feel good, powerful and involved in the world” People are oftentimes able to reflect on their situation and help others who are undergoing social isolation. Although Man says she continues to feel isolated, she is currently assisting a younger girl who is also feeling socially isolated by her friends. “I want her to see that becoming more open to yourself can help you realize different things,” Man said. “You can break away from this isolation and make different friends.” The best antidote to social isolation is to try and begin redeveloping relationships, according to Fraser. “If your friends are doing this to you, they are probably not your real friends,” a respondent of a Broadview survey said. “Reach out to people and stay strong, because isolation doesn’t last.”
lonely selfblaming isolated bullied
Having friends with no benefits
Toxic friendships can have psychological drawbacks.
poor emotional support
Neely Metz Copy Editor
lements of the popular film “Mean Girls” might not be so made-up after all as the exclusion and torment acted by the characters in the movie can be far too real for some teens experiencing similar struggles in reality. “I thought that they were just going through something kind of tough, so I was trying to help them out. But then I started to realize that they were getting satisfaction out of making me feel bad about myself,” a student who attends a private school in San Francisco said. “It’s such a small grade, if one person doesn’t like you then it starts trickling through. You start getting excluded, and you start getting shunned, and that really, really messed with me.” The student said she was in a toxic friendship, characterized by negligence and exclusion, unreliability, defiance of trust and poor emotional support and leaving the victim feeling belittled by their friend. Exclusion either in school or outside of school is a common indication of a toxic friendship, in which the perpetrator seeks out the victim’s company in one setting, but ignores them in another without a proper reason. “Often it is neglect, and that might look like ‘We sit together everyday at lunch, and on the weekends I’m never invited to hang out with her’ or ‘We were together all weekend and I walked into school and she just pretends that I don’t exist,’” school counselor
Annie Egan said. “That kind of eggshell feeling is often a symptom of something that’s not healthy, or it’s someone who is really just bringing you down versus bringing you up.” Unhealthy friendships can also cause a depletion of energy that may affect a person’s academic standing, emotional state and other relationships. “If you are walking on eggshells, you’re using a lot of energy so that they don’t break,” Egan said. “You really are kind of just on edge, and then you are not being your real, authentic self. Anytime that you can’t operate as your authentic self is very stressful, and it’s the stress piece that falls into lack of sleep, lack of motivation, a feeling of helplessness, lack of control, and irritability.” Toxic friendship mistreatment can vary from exclusion, ignoring and subtle yet hurtful remarks, to even verbal abuse depending on how high the victim’s tolerance for maltreatment is. “I stopped coming to school for a long time because she was affecting me so much, and overall it was just an exhausting experience,” the student said. “But I didn’t really notice a pattern until like five months later. It took me a little while to admit it to myself that they were being hurtful.” Individuals with a fragile self esteem are especially susceptible to immersing themselves in and maintaining a toxic friendship as opposed to individuals with high self respect, even if the friend is exclusive and avoids interaction, according to psychologist Erin Graham. “With people that feel insecure about themselves– or their self esteem has somehow been either dam-
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manipulative intimidating emotionally, physically abusive dishonest
Unhealthy dating can be physically, emotionally detrimental to teens
ashamed disrespected ignored dependent
aged or not developed enough–it’s harder to know where our boundaries are or what we should accept,” Graham said. “People that have more self confidence in moments will know when someone has crossed a line and be able to speak up for themselves.” While humans are psychologically wired to desire companionship, exclusion from one friend or multiple people can be particularly painful for the individual being excluded. Even if a friend is exclusive, cruel and selfish, the victim may prefer to remain in the friendship to maintain their social atmosphere, according to Graham. Although young children experience more toxic relationships during elementary and middle school, teens are often pressured to stay in them, as maintaining social status gains more importance in later years than in childhood. Since young children are not as reliant on friendships, they are affected less if the relationship turns toxic than teens are, according to Egan. “It just switches really fast for them,” Egan said “They’re often not looking for their identity so much, the relationships are not quite as important. When you are in high school, the importance of your friendships becomes much more life or death. So when it feels life or death, when you’re being mistreated it has a much higher impact.” In many cases, the person being mistreated does not realize the toxicity of the friendship due to a past pattern of unhealthy relationships that continues on in a cycle, making the individual used to their constant maltreatment and unable to break off the friendship, according to Graham. “Our norms of how to feel like someone’s respecting you form from a very young age, and you start the pattern of what’s expected in your environment or how someone’s going to respond or react to you,” Graham said. “Often if people have early experiences from childhood, you’re more likely to expect that from people and not see the warning signs when people start having those negative behaviors.” The tormentor in a toxic friendship often has experienced similar trauma or circumstances, such as their own exclusion or bullying, that they then exude to the friend they are mistreating, and may also lack a fully developed sense of empathy that would prevent them from hurting someone close to them. “I’ve done a lot of research about the cycle of abuse, and often people who are toxic have been treated that way themselves,” Graham said. “So often people that are toxic have had hurtful circumstances that they haven’t learned to cope with, and try to get it out of them by hurting other people.” But just like the concluding scene in “Mean Girls,” all toxic friendships can be defeated to achieve a better ending for the individual. Overcoming an unhealthy friendship is aided by taking steps to understand one’s self worth while removing any toxic friends and replacing them with healthy, positive companions to heal the wounds brought on by the relationship. “It took a long time, but I started realizing that just sitting by myself wasn’t going to help the situation,” the student said. “I started reaching out to my old friends and surrounding myself with positive people. It doesn’t really matter their social status or whatever. I just wanted to be surrounded by positive people that made me feel good about myself.”
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 | 5
Abusive dating relationships can be hard recognize, leave.
ating her second boyfriend started off well — until they got to know each other. That was when Violet, who asked that her real name not be used, says her relationship with her now ex-boyfriend grew unhealthy, as he grew easily irritated with her and began to pick fights with her friends. “He would get mad at me if I didn’t do stuff that he wanted to, because I wasn’t at that point or in that comfortable state but he was, so he would try to force me into things,” Violet said. “At times he would question if I ever cared for him, which really hurt because he was the first guy I actually ever did love.” Domestic violence, the physical, sexual, psychological or emotional violence within a current or previous dating relationship, can occur through both in-person and digital interactions, according the the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Relationships can be considered unhealthy even if there is no physical abuse, according to youth advocate Charis Denison, who has spoken to the student body as a guest lecturer multiple times in past years. “Any physically abusive relation— Charis Denison ship often starts, on some level, with emotional abuse,” Denison said. “The emotional abuse can make one partner feel small. Once somebody feels small, they feel as if they aren’t entitled to the kindness, safety and compassion that they’re entitled to.” Unhealthy relationships can be identified through characteristics such as disrespect, control, dishonesty, intimidation, violence and dependence of one partner on the other, according to youth.gov, a government website that seeks to help create and support effective youth programs. “He wanted to know where I was at all times and who I was talking to,” Violet said about her first boyfriend. “If I was FaceTiming a friend who was a guy instead of FaceTiming him, he got very upset and would say, ‘Call me right now. I need to talk to you – this is not okay.’” Teenage relationships are based on the values of connection, recognition and power, according to Denison. When one of these three components becomes unbalanced between dating partners, a relationship can turn unhealthy. “Power is the most important one to look out for because it usually shows up the most for your friends and the people you care about, and it’s easier to spot from the outside,” Denison said. “You start to see that one partner seems to have more power than the other.” Recognition can also become warped when one partner is being ignored completely, or they are not being recognized for their positive attributes, according to Denison. “My relationship with the third guy I knew was unhealthy when about after a month I had tried several times to get us to meet up,” Violet said about another boy she dated. “I had pushed stuff around, and I had
Any physically abusive relationship often starts, on some level, with emotional abuse
even rescheduled on friends twice to try and have a date with him, and he just never made an effort. Finally, I realized I deserved someone who cares as much as I do.” Unhealthy, abusive or violent relationships can have deleterious short-term and long-term effects on teens’ emotional development, and can include symptoms of depression and anxiety or engagement in unhealthy or antisocial behaviors, according to the CDC. “It can affect every single part of their psychological health, much less their physical health,” Denison said. “It erodes the entire sense of identity that that young person is creating. If one of the primary people in their life is distorting that, it could completely alter the course of that person’s psychological development.” Most people follow distinct patterns in their relationships that can be ingrained in their personalities, according to psychotherapist Mary Darling Montero, in an article for the Huffington Post. Learning to examine old patterns and how they affect relationships can be a step in beginning to alter current and future relationships. Family and friends may not always pick up on the characteristics of an unhealthy relationship due to teenagers’ increasing independence and a sense of shame that can come from being in an abusive relationship. “If you’re beginning to feel like you’re smaller than your partner, or you’re beginning to feel the effects of abuse, and you feel less powerful than your partner, you feel ashamed, or you begin to feel like it’s your fault,” Denison said. “The shame and guilt part begin to make the target of the abuse feel like she or he needs to lie or cover it up.” Teens may also stay silent because they do not want to ruin their peer’s apparent happiness from the relationship. “My friends are not the kind of people to ever tell me that the guy I’m dating is bad, because all they see is the fact that I appear to be happy with him and they don’t want to take that happiness away,” Violet said. “So, no one ever told me it’s an unhealthy or bad relationship.” Moving forward, Violet says she has learned more about her own personality and that she has new ideals in an ideal dating relationship from having been in these unhealthy romances. “I have learned so much from those relationships, the first being that I am a very strong, opinionated, independent woman,” Violet said. “Second, if you can’t get along with my friends, then there’s no point. And with the third guy, I learned that if — Violet you’re in a relationship it should be something that you do give a big commitment to. You really give it your all.” Teens who are concerned about the emotional or physical safety of a friend or family member who is in a romantic relationship can contact school counselor Annie Egan for assistance or call the 24-hour National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800799-7233.
He wanted to know where I was at all times and who I was talking to.
Signs of an abusive dating partner ӹӹ Monitors what the partner is doing ӹӹ Humiliates partner in front of at all times. others. ӹӹ Prevents or discourages partner ӹӹ Physically hurts partner. from seeing friends, family. ӹӹ Threatens to harm him or herself ӹӹ Makes partner’s decisions for him when upset. or her. Source http://www.womenshealth.gov/violence-against-women/am-i-being-abused/
6 | THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 THE BROADVIEW AND BROADVIEW.SACREDSF.ORG
Dinner is a meal best served with family
Assistant Copy Editor
amilies concerned with their children having higher grade point averages and higher self-esteem, as well as lower rates of substance abuse and depression, may be able to achieve their goals by simply sitting down together for dinner. While difficult to organize with varying and interfering schedules, finding 15 minutes every day to catch up at the dinner table can reap benefits, according to the Family Dinner Project. “It’s really important in building healthier attitudes about food and eating,” psychologist Karen Lovdahl said about families sharing meals together. “I think it’s protective around body image issues because eating becomes part of a social experience.”
Children and adolescents who are given the opportunity to share a meal with their families are less likely to close themselves off and bottle-up emotions, according to Lovdahl. Family meals can decrease the likelihood of depression, teen pregnancy and substance abuse, as well as improve vocabulary, according to the Family Dinner Project. Despite having benefits, family dinners can often be hard to organize, especially with young children, according to theology teacher Paul Pryor Lorentz. “I want my daughter to practice the impulse control of having to sit still for an occasion and practice being polite and able to enjoy food in a communal atmosphere,” Pryor Lorentz, who has a 4-year-old daughter and a 1-year-old son, said. “We really run into a wall every time we try
to eat together because we’re all hungry at different times.” The manners and conversational skills learned around the table with family can be applicable to broader contexts, according to Lovdahl. “Being at the table with your family can translate into being at the table in a meeting or at the table in a seminar,” Head of School Rachel Simpson, whose daughters are 13 and 12 years old, said. The idea of family meals is often linked with dinner, however sitting around the table any time of day will have the same positive effects. “We all live such busy lives that it’s hard to get us all to sit down at one place and one time,” junior Grace Apple said. “I think that family meals are important though because it’s set aside family time every day.”
How to make an all-natural, safe exfoliant using common household ingredients.
Honey has antibacterial and antifungal qualities, and is known to treat acne. Honey and oats have anti-inflammatory and hydrating properties.
Raw oats and honey when mixed makes for a gentle exfoliant and benefits sensitive skin. Ingredient amounts vary based on the amount of exfoliator wanted to produce. For best results, finely grind oats in a food processor for approximately 30 seconds.
Pour finely-ground oats into a bowl and begin mixing in honey with a wooden spoon, small measures at a time. Mix to a sticky consistency.
Step 4 The exfoliant can be used immediately or saved away in an airtight container for later use. Apply to the face, avoiding the eye region, and let sit for 15 to 30 minutes. Rinse with warm water. Source http://thecrunchymoose.com/facial-scrub/ Julia-Rose Kibben | THE BROADVIEW
The amount of time spent together— whether 15 minutes or an hour— is less important than the frequency in which family meals occur, according to Lovdahl. “It’s sort of that regularity of knowing that you’re going to be with that group of people that you know so well and that you care about,” Lovdahl said. “There’s going to be an opportunity for a mutual check-in together.” While adolescence can be a time in which teenagers challenge and push away from their parents, family meals are a way in which a consistent relationship can be maintained amongst family members, according to French teacher Heather Wells. “When you get into your twenties and thirties, your parents become these really cool figures in your life,” Wells said. “If you
have that background of having had these dinners together, it’s easier to transition into that new relationship as adults.” Family dinners can help teach families how to disagree and resolve issues in a healthy manner, as they tend to talk through their problems more frequently, according to Lovdahl. “One way to get conversation going is to literally go around the family circle at the table,” Lovdahl said. Family meals can also act as a necessary support system, according to Apple. “I think it’s better to have family dinners rather than eating by myself,” Apple said. “I feel like if I just had dinner by myself I wouldn’t be as in touch with my family and what’s going on with them.”
Microbeads cause wave of macro effects
Sweet alternative Step 1
Although at times difficult to coordinate, eating together as a family has known academic, social advantages.
Polyethylene beads washing out ocean life.
eon-colored beads have become a part of many daily hygiene routines and may even make face wash bottles more appealing, but the microplastic polyethylene pearllike beads, used as an exfoliator in many over-the-counter facial cleansers, are killing marine life. “I’m ashamed to say that I used to use a face wash with microbeads in it,” junior Georgia Ellis, who signed a Change.org petition to ban microbeads from beauty products, said. “I heard about the plastic microbeads going into water supplies, so I transferred over to microbead-free products.” Microbeads are not biodegradable and exist indefinitely once they arrive in the ocean. “The microbeads are not any more attractive than a natural exfoliant like sea salt or charcoal,” Ellis said. “They were just cheap, and in a bottle I could buy at CVS.” Round jojoba beads, a renewable and biodegradable natural resource that is used in some moisturizers and exfoliants, inspired the spherical shape of microbeads, which are gentler than harsher natural exfoliant bases like salts or sugars. “When I was a teenager, we had exfoliants, but they were natural,” marine biology teacher Marisa Orso said. “They were walnut shells ground up and sugar or salt based, and they had the scrubbing power to exfoliate the dead skin cells.”
Some adolescents often use these products in an attempt to ward off acne and clogged pores, and fall victim to marketing schemes by becoming attracted to colorful face washes, according to junior Charlotte Cobb. “Girls who are seeking a glow want to appear like models do in
ads who have this beautiful skin,” Cobb said. “But, it’s not worth it because the microbeads are causing so much harm to the earth.” Researchers are not able to accurately determine the extent of microbeads in the ocean as the beads sink to unmeasurable depths and most have been consumed by sea creatures, according to 5 Gyres, an organization committed to marine conservation through research, education and adventure. “The plastic is getting into the bottom of the food web,” Orso said. “The long-term implications of that are unknown, but they can’t be good.”
It never disintegrates and never goes away.
— Georgia Ellis
Microbeads mimic food, and plankton are roughly about the same size, according to Orso. “Animals starve to death because their stomachs are full of plastics like these microbeads that they can’t digest,” Orso said. Skincare companies are largely ignoring the fact that sewage treatments are simply not designed to funnel out such tiny particles, according to Orso. “Cosmetic companies need to own up to the fact that they are using materials in their products that are harming the environment in a big way,” Ellis said. Other product formulas could eliminate the microbead problem altogether. “These companies could easily be using different, more natural materials in their products that would do the same job as plas-
tic microbeads without further polluting our oceans,” Ellis said. “Companies should start making a transition over to products with these biodegradable materials as soon as possible.” Sewage treatments entail a multi-step screening process, according to Orso. “The problem is that by the time you get to the smallest screen in the screening process, the microbeads are going to slip right through it,” Orso said. “Most people don’t realize that their waste-water gets screened, but that the reality is that these things are so small, they just pass right through, every one of them going straight into the body of water where your waste goes.” Illinois, Maine, New York, New Jersey, Colorado, Indiana and Maryland have already passed bans on the use of microbeads in beauty and skincare products. The bill focuses on waste management and safety for marine life. California’s bill to do the same has been sent to Governor Jerry Brown to be signed, which if passed will go into effect in 2020. In the meantime, Ellis encourages her peers to use safer alternatives including sea salt and charcoal products. “I care about what goes into the ocean because I’m very aware of the damage that plastic does,” Ellis said. “It never disintegrates and never goes away.” When particles of sea salt get washed down the drain, they are only returning to where they came from, harming nothing in the process. “Your skin is a natural organ and therefore deserves to be treated with natural products,” Cobb said.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 | 7
Be the ‘breast’ you can be
Breast cancer in the United States
Although breast cancer awareness month just ended, breast health impacts women and their families everyday.
Self-exams save lives through early detection of breast cancer
Kendra Harvey Managing Editor
espite the controversy over the American Cancer Society’s new recommendations that regular mammograms breast cancer screening start later, experts agree it is crucial for all women to examine their breasts and know their body for early detection and treatment of the disease. “The most important thing for young women to know is that they should do their monthly breast self-exam so they can get used to what their breasts feel like normally,” Lina Nayak, University of California San Francisco Breast Imaging Fellow, said. “As time goes on, they can better identify what their tissue feel like and if their is something abnormal.” Although the ACS has recently revised its guidelines for mammograms to begin at age 45, five
years later than previously recommended, it still agrees selfexams are essential for women of any age. Marghita Bruce, mother of three, including sophomore Lizzie Bruce and senior Rebecca Bruce, was diagnosed at 36 with breast cancer after arguing with doctors who assured her the lumps were normal and not likely to be cancerous. “I had just finished breastfeeding and I just noticed that my breasts didn’t return back to normal,” Bruce said. “I BRUCE felt lumps, and particularly one side felt different to the other. It just felt different from what it had felt like before.” Doctors told Bruce that her lump was from breastfeeding and was normal. After multiple
How to perform a self-exam In the shower
Using fingertips, move in a circular motion, starting from the nipple. Feel for abnormal shapes or changes in breast tissue.
With a mirror With arms above head, check for dimpling, puckering or other changes, particularly in the nipples. Note that no two breasts are the same.
Using the opposite hand and breast, again in circular motions go from cleavage, across breast, to armpit feeling for lumps or changes.
If you notice any abnormalities or feel any changes, contact a health care provider for further screening and examination. Source: National Breast Cancer Foundation Kendra Harvey | THE BROADVIEW
doctors’ visits, she finally had a mammogram, which came back negative. Bruce went with her gut feeling and sought out a specialist to examine her. “I was really unhappy with the doctors and I said to the specialist ‘I want a biopsy done’,” Bruce said. “They went to the area where I felt a lump. That was when they found the cancer.” Five years later, Bruce has fully recovered, but she continues to have screenings and exams twice a year. For young women, self-exams and early detection are the only way to find potential breast cancer, and informing women about their breasts in the first step for teenagers and women in their early 20s, according to Nayak. Juniors and seniors are required to attend two of eight wellness classes this year, and some are planned to include information about breast health,
according to Director of Student Life Devin Demartini-Cooke. Knowing the difference between normal and abnormal changes and pushing for doctors
It just felt different from what it had felt like before. — Marghita Bruce
to provide care is important for women to know at an early age, according to Bruce. “It is your body, so you should know your breasts,” Bruce said. “If you are worried about something then make sure you keep going until you find a doctor to work with. Push for yourself.”
One in eight women will have breast cancer in her lifetime.
15% 85% 85 percent of breast cancer is not genetic. The aging process is the most common cause of breast cancer.
Survival rate by cancer development 0 100% I
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III 72% IV 22% Source: Breast Cancer Action, American Cancer Society Kendra Harvey | THE BROADVIEW
Ribbons mislead consumers The original breast cancer symbol is now used for marketing products, some carcinogenic.
ink ribbon products from yogurt to stationery pens fill stores every October for Breast Cancer Awareness Month, yet the presence of a pink ribbon on a product is not indicative of support and can even mislead customers. “Unfortunately, any company can put a pink ribbon on its products without accountability or transparency,” Caitlin Carmody, Communications Officer of Breast Cancer Action, said. The pink ribbon, originally used to raise awareness and draw attention to women with breast cancer, now “overshadows the women living with, dying from and at risk of the disease,” according to Breast Cancer Action’s Think Before You Pink campaign. “Our disease is being used for people to profit,” a woman living with metastatic, or stage four, breast cancer said in the film “Pink Ribbons, Inc.” “And, that’s not okay.” Billions of dollars are raised through products which claim to support the cause, but more than 40,000 women in the United
States still die from breast cancer every year, according to the American Cancer Society. “Just because an item has a pink ribbon on it does not mean any of it goes anywhere,” Beth Fairchild, Director of Outreach and Education of Metavivor, an organization that focuses on metastatic breast cancer, said. “There are even pink fracking drills, which has byproducts that are carcinogenic.” Breast Cancer Awareness refers to companies that sell pink ribbon products as “pinkwashers” if their merchandise contains chemicals increasing risk of the disease. “We believe companies that are profiting from building a reputation based on concern about breast cancer have a responsibility to protect the public from possible harms when scientific research indicates that there is a risk,” Carmody said. “We demand these multi-million dollar industry giants start protecting women’s health.” Fairchild advises consumers to ensure products state a portion of sales go to an organization or to use charity navigators.
Such navigators include Charity Navigator and CharityWatch. “I buy pink ribbon beauty products, and a lot of my gear for the Avon 39 Walk are pink ribbon,” junior Isabella Southwick said. “I try to research where the money goes. I’m really big on helping women that currently have breast cancer, so I generally look for ones that are helping actual treatments.” Before buying pink, customers should consider BCA’s “Critical Questions for Conscious Consumers,” which include determining how organizations use funds and if there is a cap on the amount donated, according to Carmody. If these questions cannot be answered, she recommends donating directly to an organization. “You want to make sure the organization is supporting the kind of work that you want to support,” Fairchild, a 36-yearold mother of two and metastatic breast cancer patient, said. “My focus is on research that will keep me here and with my girls. That’s why I wanted to affiliate myself with an organization like Metavivor.”
8 | THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 THE BROADVIEW AND BROADVIEW.SACREDSF.ORG
SPORTS&FITNESS NOT Raising the bar on sports nutrition The diets of teenage athletes are often lacking the THAT foods they need to succeed.
Fruit with nut butter
Fruit flavor cereal
YES: provides protein and carbohydrates, to keep your body keep going.
NO: added sugars with no overall nutritional benefit.
High-sugar sports drink
YES: high in protein, good source of calcium.
NO: overwhelms the body with all the added sugars
PB & J sandwich
YES: carbohydrates with protein for balance.
NO: carbohydrates without any other nutrients.
Popcorn or trail mix
YES: good source of carbohydrates without too many added sugars
NO: lots of sodium and over-processed ingredients Source: Angie Dye, RDN Claire Kosewic | THE BROADVIEW
Claire Kosewic Senior Reporter
oaches often say that there’s more to succeeding in sports than the hours spent in practice and competition, but teenage athletes commonly overlook what “being healthy” means or how their lifestyle affects athletic abilities. “Nutrition is not just a sidebar of training and succeeding,” registered dietitian nutritionist Angie Dye said. “It is probably the most essential part of success besides your actual athletic skill.” Complex carbohydrates, lots of fruits and vegetables, and sources of lean protein are the most important kinds of food athletes need in their diets, according to Dye. “I know there are certain things I’m supposed to be doing and certain things I’m supposed to be eating,” sophomore Ava Jones, who rows crew, said. “I just don’t really know what they are or how I’m supposed to find out about them.” Active 16-year-old females need an average of 2,500 calories per day, according to Dye. When athletes do not get the nutrition they need to support their rapid growth, their ability to succeed diminishes. “You are putting a lot of stress on your body, and you need to make sure that you have all the nutrients you need in order to perform,” cross country coach Michael Buckley said. “Each time you workout, your body breaks down a little, and it builds itself back stronger if it has the right materials to do that.”
Sugared up, powered down
Facts about snacks
Energy drinks and bars mislead teen athletes. Lemon Zest Luna Bar Calories: 180 Sugar: 12 g Protein: 9 g
Dark Chocolate Nuts and Sea Salt Kind Bar Calories: 200 Sugar: 5 g Protein: 6 g
Cool Blue Gatorade Calories: 200 Sugar: 33 g Protein: 0 g
Creamy Peanut Butter Think Thin Protein Bar Calories: 240 Sugar: 0 g Protein: 20 g
India Thieriot and Coco Dana THE BROADVIEW
Catherine Dana Senior Reporter
hile energy bars and drinks may be a more convenient choice for busy athletes who lack time between school and practice to sit down and eat a snack, most do not have the protein necessary for athletes — and some can have as much sugar as a candy bar. “Alternatives for sugary bars are mixtures of fruit and nuts,” Dr. Dawn Rosenberg, who practices pediatrics, said. “They give you more or as much protein, as well as sodium and sugar to replace those electrolytes.” Electrolytes play a large role in hydration to keep the body functioning properly, affecting muscle function and energy use. A lack in electrolytes can lead to dehydration, cramps and body fatigue. Athletes can replenish electrolytes by having proper minerals and water before and during activity. “If I don’t eat I can’t concentrate,” freshman Natalia Varni said. “I don’t have much time to eat before practice so I usually have a Kind Bar, a fruit and
nut-based packaged energy bar, because they are quick, easy and they taste good.” Nutrition should be the first priority, according to Rosenberg. Teens should limit added sugar to less than 25 grams a day, according to the American Heart Association, yet the average energy bar has 15-20 grams. The popular Lemon Zest Luna Bar has 13 grams of sugar, over three tablespoons of sugar. Bars with a sugar content of five grams or lower, such as Kind Bars or Quest Bars, provide a substantial amount of protein and carbs with less than one gram of sugar. Energy drinks contain similar high amounts of sugar. Gatorade or Powerade can be beneficial for athletes in hot conditions who need to replace the electrolytes they sweat out, yet having too much of the energy drink and overcompensating can result in taking in too much sugar and caffeine. Diluting energy drinks or just staying hydrated with water can be enough to replace the used electrolytes, according to Rosenberg.
Almost half of the daily caloric intake of a teenage highintensity athlete should be from carbohydrates eaten throughout the day, according to Dye. “The number of times you eat during the day makes a huge difference in athletic performance,” Dye said. “Getting constant energy throughout the day in the form of high power snacks with complex carbohydrates is essential to good health.” Potato chips and chocolate chip cookies are sources of carbohydrates, but they are not good for sustained energy, according to Dye. Better options are whole-grain rices, pastas and breads. Lean protein from meat, seafood and dairy products should make up about 15 percent of calorie intake, and fruits and vegetables should take up the other 35 percent, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. “I definitely see in my athletes who has and who has not made good lifestyle choices that day,” Buckley said. “I almost always can tell who has eaten well and who has not, just by how well they perform in practice.” Although carbohydrates are important, nutrients such as calcium are essential for females to maintain bone density and prevent fractures, according to the National Institutes of Health. “Most athletes are not getting enough,” Buckley said. “If she is vegetarian or lactose-intolerant, it is even more likely.” Dairy products, red meat and legumes are all good ways to get the recommended daily 1500 mg
of calcium for female athletes ages 9-18. “Practicing a high-intensity sport that puts immense physical strain on your body can really break down your bones,” Buckley said. “Making sure that you take care of yourself and replenish your body will help you heal faster, perform better and get stronger.” Student-athletes participating in sports with time commitments over eight hours of hard activity per week should adjust all elements of their lifestyle to benefit their athletic performance. “Two of the most important things athletes can do for optimum health and athletic performance are drinking enough water and getting adequate sleep,” Buckley said. “That means two to three full water bottles per day and at least seven to eight hours of sleep.” Teenagers who do not get enough sleep they are more likely to make decisions about food that correlate negatively with athletic performance, according to a study about the relationship between sleep and nutrition published by the NIH. “I am constantly reminding my athletes about being what I call a ‘24-hour athlete,’” Buckley said. “Food and lifestyle outside of practice and competition affect everything in practice. Getting proper nutrition is probably one of the best things anyone can do to boost their athletic success.”
SPORTS STATS VARSITY VOLLEYBALL 10/2 v Marin Academy 0-3 loss 10/6 v Lick Wilmerding 1-3 loss 10/13 v University 1-3 loss 10/23 v Urban 3-1 win 10/27 v Marin academy 2-3 loss 10/30 v Lick Wilmerding 3-0 win
VARSITY TENNIS 10/2 v Marin Academy 3-2 win 10/5 v San Domenico 2-3 loss 10/7 v International 4-1 win 10/7 v International 4-1 win 10/14 v Lick Wilmerding 1-4 loss 10/21 v University 0-5 loss
JV VOLLEYBALL 10/2 v Marin Academy 0-2 loss 10/6 v Lick Wilmerding 0-2 loss 10/13 v University 0-2 loss 10/23 v Urban 2-1 win 10/27 v Marin Academy 0-2 loss
10/23 v Urban 3-2 win Playoffs 10/26 v San Domenico 5-2 win 10/28 v Lick Wilmerding 1-6 loss
JV TENNIS 10/2 v Marin Academy 4-1 win 10/7 v International 5-0 win 10/9 v Drew 5-0 win
10/13 Jim Tracy Invitational 5th place/ 8 10/23 Mt. SAC Invitational 5th place/ 19 10/27 BCL West Meet 3 2nd place/ 4
GOLF 10/7 v Holy Names 211-277 win 10/15 v San Domenico 233-223 win
10/12 v Lick Wilmerding 5-0 win 10/21 v International 4-1 win 10/23 v Bay 5-0 win
SAILING All Gold Fleet: 10/3 NorCal 1 2nd place/ 28 10/4 NorCal 1 5th place/ 31 Sea Otter Regatta: 10/31-11/1 NorCal divisional 10th place/ 16
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THE BUCKET LIST Alyssa Alvarez Sports Editor
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 | 9
CAPTAINS’ CORNER SAILING
View from the stands
CAPTAIN Sarah Paulsen
Athletes blocking out the pressures of sports.
n every gym or field I have ever been to, there is always that one parent screaming at the top of his or her lungs at their child, the referee or even the coach. “Put my kid in!” “That’s a foul!” “Finish with your left!” I can recall a time in the fourth grade when I was playing in a CYO game, and a father of one of the opposing team’s players walked on to the court, stopped the game and began practicing his daughter’s shooting from half court. If that wasn’t enough, the girl missed her next shot and her father began screaming demeaning language at his 9 year old. “It is not just about the final score. It’s about positive coaching, sportsmanship for children and their parents,” according to CYO San Francisco Athletics. Parents want their children to succeed, but it should not be at the cost of child’s health or selfesteem. Playing on a team inside or outside of school is difficult enough, with the pressure of balancing the time commitment of practice and games with studying and academics, and parents pushing their children to the extremes topples the fun the sport and their child’s passion. If adolescents develop a love for an activity
they choose and want to push themselves, then that is what will manifest into success. Parents idolizing the sport for their children will cause resentment for the young athletes. Children and teens need to make it clear to their parents what they want out of a sport because they should have the opportunity to find what they love and play it at the level they feel most comfortable. Especially at a young age, parents should encourage and support their children rather than yell discouraging remarks. Even so, playing basketball has given me plenty of opportunities to see the wrath of mothers and fathers towards their children. My parents have always told me to try to be the best at everything I do, recognizing that sometimes one might not always reach that goal. Athletes have to be realistic and understand that they may not always be the best dancer, the fastest runner or the highest jumper. Teens most importantly have to realize that their childhood and happiness should come before winning the championship or scoring that final goal. We are allowed to have different dreams from our parents, whether in the classroom or on the court.
“So far the varsity sailing team is having a great season. We still have four more regattas this season as well as the spring season to improve by sailing with the best sailors in the state.” — Sarah Paulsen
Will Baylis | with permission
CROSS COUNTRY CAPTAINS Katie Newbold, Olivia Hoekendijk “It has been incredible to see how far every member of the team has come. We have our league championship coming up in two weeks. I think that the team will be able to finish very strongly and show off all the hard work we have put in.” — Katie Newbold
Athletes prioritize school for college
Students choose to focus on their education despite having played a sport throughout high school.
Asha Khanna Senior Reporter
lthough senior Maris Winslow has played volleyball since third grade, like many other high school athletes, she will hang up her high school sports jersey when heading to college. “I was fortunate enough to have coaches from colleges, like Chapman, reach out to me because that gave me the chance to play volleyball after high school,” Winslow said, “but, I’m sort of going on the path where I want more of a straightforward, regular college experience.” College athletes, like Alexandra Wood (’15), who was recruited to join the volleyball team at Tufts University, attend four-hour practices six days a week in addition to playing two to four games. “I wanted to play volleyball in college because I wanted to keep volleyball as part of my iden-
tity and have it carry through,” Wood said. “I pretty much go straight from my classes to practice, and so far it’s been challenging.” Losing four hours almost every day prevents athletes from having spare time for other activities, according to Wood. “I want to rush — I want to have a balanced social life and I want to just experience everything,” Winslow said. “I felt like if I was committed to playing a sport, then I wouldn’t be able to experience all of that.” Senior Isabella Coolins picked up golf her freshman year as a past time with college in mind, but her plans have changed. “I just wanted to try something new, and I was really interested in golf because I heard there were a lot of good scholarships for college,” Coolins said, “but, it’s really competitive and really hard to get into, and it’s a lot of pressure.”
Some students may opt out of sports because they want to focus on their careers after college, according to Associate Athletic Director Cody Lee Fusco. “There’s burn out, really just feeling like they are not doing it for themselves anymore but doing it for other people,” Fusco said. “Sports are something you should want to do for yourself and get better at for your own personal growth. Sometimes you reach the point where you think it’s the best you can do.” Both Winslow and Coolins say they may consider playing intramurals, teams that compete within their college. “If you love the sport enough, and you really feel like it’s part of who you are, then you should absolutely play in college,” Wood said. “Intramurals are a great option for people who still want to play the sport but want less of a commitment.”
Jemima Scott | THE BROADVIEW
CAPTAINS Isabelle Armstrong, Corinne Sigmund “We finished the season getting to semifinals which is really impressive because we lost four starters last year, We have a very new and young team so no one really expected us to go really far but a lot of the new players worked really hard.” — Isabelle Armstrong Jemima Scott | THE BROADVIEW
VOLLEYBALL CAPTAINS Maya Young, Isabella Bowen “We had some rough patches but our closeness as a team has given us other advantages. No matter the outcome the unity of the team has mattered the most.” — Isabella Bowen Jemima Scott | THE BROADVIEW
Jemima Scott | THE BROADVIEW
COLLEGE SPORTS Senior Maris Winslow cheers on her teammates in between plays during a varsity volleyball game. The senior plans to forgo her college sports offers to pursue other interests after a 10-year commitment to the sport.
Swinging to the top
arsity golf member Cameron Newman placed 20th out of 144 students at the Division 1 Cham-
GOLF CAPTAINS Willa Hegarty, Makena House
pionships on Monday, up from Convent’s Division 2 level. “I started playing golf competitively four years ago,” Newman said. “Golf is a mental game because it teaches you patience. You learn to forget about the last play and move on.” Newman has not lost a match this year, leading the golf team
to an undefeated season. “I couldn’t do all of this without support from my coaches, [Geoff] De Santis and [Jordan] Lewis, along with the entire golf team,” Newman said. “The coaches were great, giving me constant support and encouragement.” — Alyssa Alvarez
“Our team finished for the third season undefeated. As a team, we really worked together and supported one another which is one of the biggest reasons we have been so successful.” — Makena House Fiona Mittlestaedt | THE BROADVIEW
10 | THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 THE BROADVIEW AND BROADVIEW.SACREDSF.ORG
Supporting one another essential to success
Watch out girls, one wrong move and KABOOM, total isolation
elationships forged at school provide a sturdy social safety net that teens can call upon in times of difficulty, yet for many others, a school’s social environment can be a stressful one, in which students can face toxic friendships and dating relationships, or complete ostracization at the hands of their peers. Connections are a major aspect of school life, and they can affect a student’s overall school experience and social development, according to the National School Climate Center, an organization promoting a sustained, positive school climate. A healthy school climate includes the idea that individuals are engaged and respected, and that they feel socially and emotionally safe, according to the NSCC. Peer relationships, however, may also limit a student socially and academically, and detrimental connections can contribute to a negative social fabric that should not be tolerated within our community. Friends have important roles in a student’s high school experience, and the influence that schoolmates can have on a student’s behavior include both
healthy and harmful pressures of how that individual chooses to act, according to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Development. Peer pressure can become a deleterious force pushing teens to do things they normally would not do. A student may give into these influences in order to fit in, according to the AACAD. The way these social pressures manifest in a student’s actions can contribute to a negative social environment. At times, a teen’s friends may even pressure her to bully or isolate others, or to engage in risky-heavy behaviors, according to the Office of Adolescent Health, an organization under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Although these societal tensions may put a lot of stress on students in their ever-present message to ‘fit in,’ these are
Bye kids, have a good day at school
Beware social isolation ahead
Lizzie Bruce | THE BROADVIEW
not sufficient reasons for girls neglect the welfare of their peers. The need to promote a wholesome social environment particularly connects with Goal Four, as our school supports the creation of a community in which each individual is valued, respected and cared for. This ideal also connects with our Network’s principle of Cor Unum, in which the students and staff under our international community are powerfully interconnected with One Heart.
Unhealthy peer interactions can be an immediate and serious threat to student’s emotional and psychological well-being. Students should take into consideration the implications of their own interpersonal interactions so as to promote a healthy, inclusive social environment that allows our peers to have a socially and academically enriching experience during their four years at our school.
WHAT IS AN EFFECTIVE SOLUTION TO SOCIAL ISOLATION?
“If we get people who feel the same way together to talk, the people who are isolated can be supported. ” — Grace Boudreau, freshman
“Being open-minded and aware can really help combat isolation. Just remembering to be inclusive and to acknowledge others is important.” — Jocey Shilakes, sophomore
“The best thing to do would be to notify the people who are doing the isolating and to have other friends who are on your side in the situation.” — Sinead McKeon, sophomore
“It’s good to surround yourself with your friends and family and not just focus on yourself. If your friends see that you’re having a problem, then they ask and try to get you help.” — Maya Young, junior
“Including others, thinking about everyone, talking to people you don’t usually talk to in our school community and branching out past your friend groups can help.” — Sarah Paulsen, senior
TAKING THE LEDE
Teens need to take notice
Relevant news takes the backseat to celebrity gossip.
t happens when you ignore the online article about domestic violence in Brazil and instead click on the article on ways to style a sweater, or when you pick up a tabloid to read about the latest celebrity gossip instead of the magazine addressing the strained political relationship between Russia and the United States. We have become desensitized to the urgency and relevance of important news due to repeated exposure to unsettling events and violent acts, viewing each new incident with a dismissive shake of our heads as “just another” shooting or kidnapping. “Somehow this has become routine,” President Obama said in his statement addressing the Oct. 1 shooting at Oregon’s Umpqua Community College, his 15th address on this topic since assuming office. “The reporting is routine,” he continued. “My response here at this podium ends up being routine. The conversation in the aftermath of it. We’ve become numb to this.” The president’s statements ring true as the continued viewing of any tragedy, not just mass shootings, has lead to their normalization. The
popular media saying, “If it bleeds, it leads,” is played out on the front page of newspapers to breaking news on television. This overflow of negative news causes some to overlook it due to belief in fear-based media, but it is crucial to acknowledge that what bias surrounds reporting does not change the fact that actual events still occurred. Negative news has become commonplace, but this does not mean it can be ignored. The constant stream of stories on shooters killing and injuring innocent children, college students and adults stresses the necessity for change. Awareness of such events form the basis for acknowledging pressing problems and taking action for improvements. During a theology lesson, my class learned that the Syrian Refugee Crisis started back in 2011, only garnering popularity this year due to the discovery of a drowned, 3-year-old Syrian boy who washed onto a beach in Turkey. It is unacceptable that this is what it took to grab our attention, as if the millions of Syrians displaced before were unworthy of our time. We need to pay attention. Ignorance is not bliss.
1. Dungeness crab season starts Nov. 15. 2. Sugar-free chewing gums have xylitol, a sugar substitute with many health benefits. 3. Vicky Hennessy was elected SF’s first female sheriff. 4. Taylor Swifts’s “Wildest Dreams” has peaked at 5 after 10 weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. 5. This is a three-day weekend, with Friday designated for conferences.
1. An offshore algae bloom has health experts warning against eating local crab. 2. The natural sweetener has been discovered to be toxic for dogs. 3. It took too long for Ross Mirkarimi to be ejected from office. 4. Too bad Jesse Braham is suing her for plagiarism in “Shake it Off.” 5. It is three weeks until Thanksgiving break.
THE BROADVIEW AND BROADVIEW.SACREDSF.ORG
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 | 11
Raising brows at unhealthy ideals
HOW DOES SOCIAL MEDIA AND TRENDS AFFECT YOUR SELF ESTEEM?
Edited social media photos promote distorted body images. Julia-Rose Kibben
s beauty and celebrity trends move from newsstands to phone screens, social media platforms have become a venue for the rapid replacement of one body ideal after another. Young girls and women are constantly exposed to changing body standards that can pose a dangerous threat to their health and self image. Social media celebrity Essena O’Neill, 18, took to Instagram earlier this week to tell her 673,000 followers that she was quitting social media for the sake of her 12-year-old self. Exchanging her social media accounts for a basic Squarespace website “Let’s Be Game Changers,” O’Neill says she aims to promote the exploration of what is “Behind the Image” and expose what she calls the “Celebrity Construct,” the concept that a social media and public appearance will bring one happiness. “Don’t let numbers define you,” O’Neill wrote on her new website. “Don’t let anyone tell you you’re not enough without excessive makeup, latest trends, 100+ likes
on a photo, ‘a bikini body’, thigh gap, long blonde hair.” Social media thin-inspired “thinspo” trends glorify unrealistic body standards, and the latest example of this is the “thigh brow” label, which describes the creases between the thighs and pelvis that are visible when someone squats or sits down. The “brows” supposedly indicate that an individual has a larger backside, a body type thats popularity has recently increased. As the thigh gap — the space between one’s thighs when standing — trend has quelled over time due to its harmful nature, the thigh brow has taken center stage, embracing curvier figures. Body image is a complex phenomenon influenced by parents, peers, and social contexts, according to Common Sense Media. Trends like these only ostracize the female body dominate Instagram and Tumblr feeds, apps and sites teenagers use on a daily basis. Teenage girls use these social media sites and platforms — particularly visually-oriented ones — for sharing more
than their male counterparts do, making young women more prone to exposure to these images and more likely to be influenced by them, according to Pew Research Center. Sixty-nine percent of girls in fifth through 12th grade reported that magazine pictures influenced their idea of a perfect body shape, according to the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. In an attempt to conform with the popular images of thigh gaps they see online, some girls are going to extremes to achieve the trend, developing dangerous eating disorders and undergoing risky surgical procedures, while some stick to PhotoShop and image modification applications to alter their photos, fabricating their gaps. Unlike its predecessor, the brows appear naturally on all bodies and do not encourage unhealthy habits. Social media users must stop scrutinizing the bodies of young women and girls need to put down the phones and look in the mirror to realize that beauty is not always picture-perfect.
Starring Thigh Brows
“It usually lowers my self esteem because there are a lot of people on social media who aren’t portrayed as they actually look in real life.” — Grace Lachman, junior
rea li Co stic mi Sta ng nd So ard on s
Unrealistic Standards 2
Lizzie Bruce | THE BROADVIEW
Convent of the Sacred Heart High School 2222 Broadway St. | San Francisco, California 94115 email@example.com | broadview.sacredsf.org
STAFF Liana Lum Editor-in-Chief Kristina Cary Managing Editor Kendra Harvey Managing Editor Julia-Rose Kibben Design Editor Neely Metz Copy Editor India Thieriot Assistant Copy Editor Alyssa Alvarez Sports Editor
Reporters Claire Devereux, Halie Kim, Jessica Louie, Darrean Loy, Josie Rozzelle Tracy Anne Sena, CJE, Adviser
Lisabelle Panossian Web Editor Lizzie Bruce Cartoonist Photographers Isabelle Armstrong, Isabella Bowen, Bea D’Amico, Amanda Joa, Jemima Scott Senior Reporters Grace Ainslie, Catherine Dana, Asha Khanna, Claire Kosewic, Fiona Mittelstaedt
2016 Crown Finalist 2015 Pacemaker Finalist 2014 Journalism Education Association First Amendment Press Freedom Award recipient
“Schools of the Sacred Heart commit themselves to educate to personal growth in an atmosphere of wise freedom,” (Goal 5), therefore The Broadview operates as an open forum for free speech and student expression without prior review. Unsigned pieces are the opinion of the editorial board. Reviews and personal columns are the opinions of the individual author and are not necessarily those of Convent of the Sacred Heart High School or Schools of the Sacred Heart. We encourage letters to the editor. The Broadview may publish independent opinion pieces 300 words or fewer. The editors may work with writers for clarity and to meet space limitations. All letters must have a means for verifying authorship before publication. Corrections and letters may be addressed to the editors at firstname.lastname@example.org
“It doesn’t affect my esteem but some people feel the need to Photoshop their pictures before posting them because they feel insecure and they want to follow trends.” — Alex Farrán, senior
KEEP CALM & CARY ON Kristina Cary
“Celebrities are like ‘respect yourself’ but they’re not really respecting themselves by being Photoshopped.” — Starr Hooper, sophomore
“Other people post photos of themselves that are good and it makes me feel bad about myself.” — Emmy Sobol, freshman
Balancing the checkbook
Women are entitled to equal pay (period).
omen constitute a significant portion of the workforce, yet they often do not receive a proportionate percentage of its earnings, a sad truth that was reaffirmed by actor Jennifer Lawrence’s essay on the gender pay gap. The letter, which was published this month in “Girls” actors Lena Dunham and Jenni Konner’s “Lenny Letter” newsletter, comes on the heels of an email hack targeting film giant Sony Pictures, which released correspondence that revealed Lawrence made less than her “American Hustle” movie co-star Bradley Cooper. “I didn’t get mad at Sony,” Lawrence said in her essay about her initial reaction to learning that she had been paid less than her male counterparts. “I got mad at myself. I failed as a negotiator because I gave up early.” Lawrence describes in the piece that she had accepted the offered salary without much protest because she had not wanted to be perceived as “difficult” or “spoiled,” showing the double standard encouraging men to speak out but pressuring women to stay silent. Lawrence’s experience is not an outlier in the acting arena. The world’s 18 highest paid female actors earned a combined $281 million in 2015, less than the sum earned by the world’s six highest paid males, who banked a cumulative $299.5 million, according to Forbes estimates.
All women are entitled to receive equal payment for equal work. Not only is this economic equality reasonable, it is the law, as set by the Equal Pay Act of 1963. But despite the act, fulltime female workers made 79 cents for every dollar earned by male workers in 2014, according to the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. The gender wage gap is not a myth or an illusion, as some critics claim. It is an unacceptable and stark reality that women face around the world. Sexism and discrimination are everybody’s issues, and women should not have to fear vilification or backlash by wanting economic equality with men. Many students have already entered the City’s workforce, both as volunteers and paid employees. As a community of both women and workers, we need to make it clear that gender-based discrimination is something we will not stand for. Women are entitled to equal economic opportunities, and we should feel empowered to speak up towards this goal, regardless if we are a celebrity or a student.
12 | THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2015 THE BROADVIEW AND BROADVIEW.SACREDSF.ORG
Food, sundries can be delivered almost anywhere. Grace Ainslie Senior Reporter
martphone and mobile device food delivery apps are revolutionizing the food industry by making it unnecessary for diners to leave the house and still get a restaurant cooked meal, even from restaurants who do not have delivery services. “It’s convenient, and it doesn’t take too long,” sophomore Carlota Rubio, who uses the food delivery app Postmates, said. “I usually use them when I’m babysitting my little sister and I can’t go out and buy food because she’s sleeping.” When purchasing food from apps such as Postmates, GrubHub or Eat24, the customer inputs her credit card number into her profile before purchasing her food and must be present to sign for the delivery. “I like using Postmates or Eat24 because you can pay with your credit card,” Rubio said.
“You don’t have to have cash to pay for your food, so that’s good when I don’t have money.” Like an increasing number of apps, Postmates requires customers to be over 18, or else the account is terminated. Discovery of underage use is usually found with deliveries to elementary or high schools. “I didn’t know at the beginning.” junior Paula Gutman said. “Then they canceled my sister’s account because they realized that she wasn’t 18 and that she was in high school. We just use mine, and they haven’t said anything — yet.” Eat24 delivers to any area in San Francisco without restrictions, according to employee Rachel Walker. GrubHub users only need to be 13. Although some apps allow meal delivery to schools, teachers may not be understanding when a student asks to leave class to grab her meal.
“It cannot arrive during a class period, so students can’t leave class to go pick up food, you can pick it up during a free period, lunch or during a passing period,” Director of Student Life Devin DeMartini-Cooke said. “You cannot have the front desk sign for you because you are not there to pick it up.” Being one of the country’s major tech hubs, San Francisco has been the starting point for many food delivery apps and some have widened their delivery options by adding drug store products in addition to their “menus.” “When the Postmates employee brings you your food, they can go to Walgreens if you need something from there or the supermarket,” Rubio said. “It doesn’t only have to be a restaurant. It can pretty much be whatever you want.” Girls who do not have the time or permission to leave campus can utilize food delivery services
Mostly organic boba tea shop perfects sweetened tea.
Julia-Rose Kibben Design Editor
ocals and visitors alike line up out the door and down the block outside of the self-proclaimed tea bar with the “highest quality boba in San Francisco,” drawing customers off the Mission’s populous Valencia Street. Patient patrons enter into a minimalist white-on-wooden motif tea bar to try Boba Guys’ impressive boba tea selection, facing a black on white decal of the shop’s boba-slurping anteater mascot. The boba — chewy, honeysoaked tapioca pearls that add both texture and flavor to each drink — are not the only item that gives Boba Guys bragging rights. A variety of incomparably revitalizing house-made tea blends sets Boba Guys apart from other Bay Area boba joints. Boba Guys offers both heated and iced drinks from a menu of year-round flavors like jasmine, horchata and “classic milk,” and a choice between three additions — referred to as toppings — include its popular tapioca pearls and house-made grass and almond jellies. While most boba shops in the Bay Area rely heavily on artificial syrups and flavorings, Boba Guys’ use of natural and organic resources captures distinct flavors. Real jasmine, rose, strawberry and lavender exemplify the best of its signature and sea-
Lizzie Bruce | THE BROADVIEW
as an alternative to cafeteria selections. “Sometimes the cafeteria food
Julia-Rose Kibben | THE BROADVIEW
HEY GUYS Two girls pick-up their Thai boba tea orders at the 19th and Valencia St. location. The girls waited briefly and watched their drinks being made before getting them. sonal blends. Nervous first-time visitors might want to start with the Jasmine Milk Tea, its flavor a step above the basic, but no-less-tasty Classic Milk Tea. The premium Indian Chai and Rose Black Tea stand apart as original and astonishingly rich blends. The chai blend achieves the ideal balance between sugar and spice without sweetener. Seasonal selections include a light Strawberry Jasmine Fresca, which makes for the perfect refreshment, but a large is suggested because a regular 16-ounce cup leaves the customer wanting more. The locally-sourced organic
Pulse up with a statement necklace, worn unbuttoned over a loose or form-fitting T-shirt, or casually tied around the waist. They are the perfect garment for men and women alike — or a lumber jack.
Straus Creamery milk has a tendency to be too thick and creamy for my taste, albeit better than the Coffeemate creamer powder used by other boba tea shops. Soy milk and Califia Almondmilk are perhaps better alternative options. A house-made simple syrup of white and brown sugars that sweetens all drinks overwhelms most tastes, but chatting with the “bobaristas” increases the customer’s chances of getting the perfect level of sweetness. Customizable high quality thirst-quenchers served with a smile from bobaristas for around $5 constitutes a steal by San Francisco standards.
isn’t good,” Gutman said. “I don’t bring lunch from home so that’s my only option.”
Bussed a move
Muni plans to improve service.
What’s pumping in The City
onger nights and chilly days call for pulling out the flannels. Available in countless color combinations and in plaids, these fabulous shirts are making a comeback. Flannel shirts can be dressed
Kendra Harvey Managing Editor
espite the potential benefit of faster public transportation, Muni Forward plans to decrease 47 parking spaces on Lombard Street in the Marina to give riders more direct access buses with routes that avoid traffic, sacrificing more of the scarce parking spaces around school. “It’s already pretty awful,” senior Abby Dolan said about street parking around campus. “I think if they eliminate spaces, they need to add spaces with a parking garage or something. Logically, it would bump people to take our spaces, and people are already pretty feisty about parking.” Muni Forward, a project designed to improve efficiency and the quality of buses and streetcars, aims to benefit riders through more vehicles, faster rides and safer options for riders boarding buses.
Kendra Harvey | THE BROADVIEW
“There is a lot of work being done to try to modernize Muni, to expand its capacity and to make it run faster,” Board of Supervisors member Scott Wiener said. “Muni has the slowest average speed of any major transit agency in the country.” Mayor Edwin M. Lee addressed Muni’s efficiency and safety concerns last year in a press release that outlines possible actions to be taken to improve Muni, leading to Muni Forward, according to the City and County of San Francisco. Students who take Muni daily already notice these improvements. “I live right by where the N Judah stops, so I used to take it to school everyday and I take it home everyday,” freshman Laura Bourne said. “They come pretty frequently, I don’t usually have to wait that long.” Local business owners will have a town hall meeting on Nov. 17 and a public hearing on Dec. 4 highlighting how parking deficiency will affect their businesses. SFMTA will decide in January whether to pass the proposal. BUSES A woman waits on Lombard Street for the 4 bus. Muni plans to announce new routes to increase efficiency in early 2016.
Falling in love with flannels
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