october 15, 2012
texas a&m since 1893
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Autumn Rizzo — THE BATTALION
Reflections of violence International students balance western culture with unrest in Libya, Egypt
Professors extend commentary on protests Annabelle Hutchinson
Molly Livingstone Special to The Battalion
rapped in a black and white striped hijab and donning a white blouse and jeans, sophomore biology major Rowana Mohamed sang along to a Taylor Swift song delicately playing in the background of a coffee shop. Mohamed has learned to adapt to two different cultures, two different countries and two different political systems. Her two worlds merged when her home country of Egypt was introduced to democracy after a violent revolution.
“Egyptians never cared about politics before,” Mohamed said. “Everyone silently hated [the previous government], but felt they couldn’t do anything about it.” Mohamed said the path to democracy was anything but easy and even
affected her decision about where she would attend college. “It was really scary. [After the revolution began,] I wasn’t even considering going to college in Cairo. In Cairo, there was chaos,” Mohamed said. “We weren’t even sure if Egypt was going to be a country in a few months. My mom would call home all the time to make sure everyone was OK.” Mohamed said nothing too catastrophic happened to her family, but it was still a time of uncertainty. “When there are no rules, you really don’t know what is going to happen,” See Unrest on page 4
Bush School expands Middle East studies Nina Ewing The Battalion Texas A&M’s George Bush School of Government and Public Service will expand its study of the Middle East over the next four years, primarily from a regional security perspective. In July, the Levant Foundation of Houston donated $1 million to establish a research endowment, fellowship and professorship at the Bush School. “This has been an important decision for us because [the program] is not
so much an area studies program as it is a focus on security issues,” said Samuel Kirkpatrick, executive associate for academic affairs and management at the Bush School. “Our focus is always going to be, because of President Bush’s tradition, on national security, on international security and on relationships between countries.” As part of the Bush School’s efforts to strengthen Middle East studies, Mohammed Tabaar, professor of International Politics of the Middle East,
joined the faculty this fall. Tabaar was born and raised in Iran and has a Ph.D. in comparative politics and international relations from Georgetown University. While earning his Ph.D., Tabaar was also a journalist for the BBC World Service and a professor at George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs. “In my course, I focus on the See Bush School on page 4
he Middle East regained the attention of the world when deadly protests erupted in response to the “Innocence of the Muslims” video.
The video coincided with the attack on the American consulate in Benghazi, Libya, on Sept. 11, which resulted in the death of American Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens and three members of his staff. Middle Eastern unrest and constant political alterations have led to Western attention in the field as well as in the classroom. Texas A&M’s Bush School of Government and Public Service, for example, has subsequently begun expanding its course studies of the Middle East. Revolution’s beginning The Arab Revolutions, commonly referred to as The Arab Spring, sparked in Tunisia in December 2010, after a man set himself on fire to protest his lack of opportunity and the police’s disrespect toward the public. The revolts spread like wildfire in the Middle Eastern
Manziel, A&M outlast Louisiana Tech, 59-57 Mark Dore
Tyler Hosea — THE BATTALION
ustin City Limits, the premier music festival for Texas’ capitol city, began Oct. 12 and featured performances from an eclectic line-up of musical artists, including The Black Keys, Neil Young, Jack White, Florence + The Machine, AVICII, M83 and The Shins. Next year’s Austin City Limits festival will occur on two weekends, Oct. 4-6 and Oct. 11-13.
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See Protest on page 4
desert. These protests forced longtime autocratic rulers from power in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and Yemen. In Egypt, former president Hosni Mubarak, was forced to step down from power in February 2011 after 18 days of massive public demonstrations. Since then, there has been a power struggle between Egypt’s president, Mohamed Morsi, and the military within Egypt. Professor analysis Larry Napper, former U.S. ambassador and senior lecturer at the Bush School, said Morsi gained more political power over the military, especially in August, when he forced the retirement of his defense minister and other prominent military leaders. “It would appear for the present that Morsi has been
The Battalion Billed as a high-octane shootout featuring two Top 25 teams with Top 10 offenses, those who stayed awake into the night to see the finish between Texas A&M and Louisiana Tech might call that an understatement. The Aggies clinched a 5957 victory with less than a minute remaining, recovering a Louisiana Tech onside kick after a failed two-point conversion attempt that would have knotted the game. Redshirt freshman quarterback Johnny Manziel’s season to date has sparked talk of outside consideration for the Heisman trophy, annually awarded to the nation’s best player. The Manziel-forHeisman movement may have gained traction Saturday as the quarterback accounted for six
touchdowns and broke his own SEC and program records for single-game total yardage with 576 yards. A&M head coach Kevin Sumlin said Manziel’s performance was indicative of his growth as a passer. “He threw some good balls tonight,” Sumlin said. “I think he is improving as a passer and obviously he keeps the defense on their feet and that is what he has been doing.” The Aggies needed every one of Manziel’s touchdowns. A 27-point first half lead went up in smoke as the Louisiana Tech offense that sputtered early found its legs. Manziel’s only interception of the night — his third of the season — was gathered in and returned short six yards for a Bulldogs touchdown that brought the See Shreveport on page 3
10/15/12 12:41 AM
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Tuesday partly sunny high: 81 low: 64 Wednesday partly sunny: 86 low: 61 Thursday mostly sunny high: 79 low: 52
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corrections The Battalion welcomes readers’ comments about published information that may require correction. We will pursue your concern to determine whether a correction needs to be published. Please contact us at editor@thebatt. com.
howtoapply If you are interested in writing or contributing content in The Battalion, apply at thebatt.com, or call 845-3315. The Battalion welcomes any Texas A&M student interested in writing for the arts, campus, metro or sports staffs to try out. We particularly encourage freshmen and sophomores to apply, but students may try out regardless of semester standing or major. No previous journalism experience is necessary.
Tyler Hosea— THE BATTALION
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French electronic band M83 performing Friday night at Zilker Park during Austin City Limits music festival.
Senior English major Trevor Stevens, editor in chief Senior telecommunication media studies major Joe Terrell, managing editor
Senior industrial and systems engineering major Michael Rodriguez, sports desk assistant
Senior anthropology major Barrett House, city editor Graduate student in political science with the Bush School, Robby Smith, city desk assistant
Sophomore business major Roger Zhang, photo chief Sophomore anthropology major Tanner Garza, photo desk assistant
Senior agricultural journalism major Jake Walker, city desk assistant
Senior visualization studies major Evan Andrews, graphics chief
Senior English major Jennifer DuBose, lifestyles editor
Junior biological and agriculture engineering major Luis Cavazos, copy editor
Senior English major Alec Goetz, lifestyles desk assistant Senior communication major Chandler Smith, sports editor
Senior biomedical sciences major Naila Dhanani, copy editor
Tyler Hosea— THE BATTALION
Jessica Dobson, guitarist for alternative rock band The Shins, performing Saturday night at Zilker Park during Austin City Limits music festival.
L I M I T L E S S
Junior English major Mark Doré, sports desk assistant
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Emily Villani — THE BATTALION
Austin’s 341-acre Zilker Park featured more than 100 musical acts and almost 100,000 fans during the city’s annual Austin City Limits music festival. The three-day festival began Friday.
MAKE YOUR PLACE IN A&M HISTORY Dec ’12, May ’13, Aug ’13
upcoming programs MSC Wiley Lecture Series Presents:
SENIORS AND GRADUATE STUDENTS
Come to watch the televised presidential debate and discuss your thoughts with a&m professors Tue Oct , : p.m. at Rev’s American Grill inside the MSC
Know What’s Happening at your student union Web - msc.tamu.edu facebook.com/MemorialStudentCenter Twitter - @MSCPrograms MSC Aggie Cinema Presents:
CATCH ME IF YOU CAN Wed Oct , : p.m at Rudder
MSC Town Hall Presents:
BATTLE OF THE BANDS PRELIMINARY 2 Fri Oct , p.m. at the Rudder Fountain
Have your graduation portrait taken for Texas A&M University’s 111th yearbook today through Oct. 19 in Suite L400 of the MSC. To schedule your free portrait sitting, go to www.thorntonstudio.com Then click Schedule Your Appointment, select New User, complete with the Password: TAMU Or call 1-800-883-9449 Or walk in, 9 AM – 5 PM Mon. and Fri., or 10 AM – 7 PM Tues., Wed. and Thurs. IT’S YOUR YEARBOOK. BE IN IT.
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soccer | The Aggies clinched the SEC West with wins over Arkansas and Vanderbilt.
Shreveport Continued from page 1
game within two points with just under twelve minutes to go. Sumlin credited the Louisiana Tech offense for its tenacity. “They can score like that on anybody,” he said. “It took them awhile to get going. Once they did, they got it clicking. We were going to have to play well in Shreveport to come out of here with a win and somehow we did.” After the interception, Manziel responded with touchdown drives of 82 and 99 yards, finishing the first with an 18-yard strike to freshman receiver Thomas
Johnson and the second with a 72-yard rush down the middle of the Bulldog defense on third and 23. Senior center Patrick Lewis said the offense did what it needed after the interception. “We responded well,” Lewis said. “We got kind of down on ourselves, but this offense is known for scoring fast and that’s what we tried to do.” In a contest between two offenses of similar caliber, penalties can often be decisive, and the Aggies were penalized 19 times — a program record — for 165 yards. “That is something we have been working on and emphasizing, but obviously we have done a poor job and we did a poor job of
Volleyball on top of SEC West 3-1 win at Arkansas, 0-3 loss at Kentucky round out weekend. Read more online.
that tonight,” Sumlin said. “I have never ever been in a football game with that many penalties.” Senior linebacker Jonathon Stewart said Saturday’s defensive mistakes wouldn’t cut it going forward into what he called the “meat of the SEC schedule.” “We have to correct to get ready for next week. We have LSU coming in to town and we can’t perform like that or we won’t be victorious,” Stewart said. The A&M defense didn’t have a chance to look forward to next week’s home game against No. 6 LSU. It had all it could handle with Louisiana Tech senior quarterback Colby Cameron and senior receiver Quinton Patton. Cameron threw for five scores — four to Patton— and 450 yards. Patton hauled in 21 catches for 233 yards. Patton said he played within his role and the looks kept coming. “I was just trying to do all I could to get my team down the field,” Patton said. “The
[defensive backs] were trying to hang on my side and get a little aggressive, but I was just trying to stay calm and stay humble and just play my way.” Saturday, the Aggies netted their first win over a nationally ranked opponent this season, but the schedule points to plenty more opportunities for signature wins. LSU will enter Kyle Field next week on the heels of a 23-21 home win over No. 3 South Carolina. The win quieted noise from Photos by Jess Van Alstyne — THE TECH TALK those who doubted LSU after Top: Senior center Patrick Lewis prepares to snap the its loss to now-No. 3 Florida. ball to his quarterback. The stage will be set for a Bottom: A&M amassed 678 yards of total offense to Top 20 matchup at Kyle Field, the 615 of Louisiana Tech. pitting No. 19 A&M against No. 6 LSU. Something the two teams have in common: A&M-LA Tech: Quick stats one close loss each to Florida, ◗ A&M snapped LA Tech’s 12-game regular season winning which could indicate a rela- streak, formerly the longest active streak in the nation. tively even matchup, particu◗ Junior defensive end Damontre Moore’s 17 tackles were a larly given the notoriously raucous crowd afforded by career high. His 8.5 sacks tie him for second nationally. ◗ LA Tech quarterback Colby Cameron attempted 238 passes A&M students and fans. without an interception this season.
Freshman quarterback Johnny Manziel scrambles for one of three rushing touchdowns on the night.
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able to carve out more power,â€? Napper said. â€œBut the military is still there and is still a very important political, social and foreign affairs force in Egyptian politics.â€? Mohammed Tabaar, Bush School professor who specializes in Middle Eastern studies, said the unrest is typical in countries experiencing a governmental shift. â€œNew democracies are not very stable by nature. Thatâ€™s how it is everywhere. Even those countries that are not going through this transition are unstable,â€? Tabaar said. Egypt-U.S. relations are being further complicated with Egyptâ€™s request for monetary aid from the U.S. and the International Monetary Fund. Napper said Egypt is in desperate need for monetary assistance and that the Egyptian President must work with the U.S. in lieu of this need. â€œIt is difficult to overstate the importance of Egypt to the United States. Egypt is the largest Arab country with an enormous cultural and political influence throughout the
thebattalion Arab world,â€? Napper said. â€œIt is critically important to the future of U.S. relations in the entire Middle East to have a relatively stable Egypt, with whom we have good relations.â€? Tabaar said Egypt needs these funds because Egypt is, essentially, out of funds and needs to live up to the expectations of the public, now that they have elected their own regime. â€œI donâ€™t think relations with Egypt are going to change dramatically in terms of actual cooperation,â€? political science professor at the Bush School Ahmer Tarar said. â€œWhat you will likely have is an Egyptian leader saying things for domestic consumption that really irritates the U.S. leaders and alarms the U.S. public, that could be in regards to Israel and Iran.â€? Napper said Egyptâ€™s request for aid has not been received enthusiastically, in part because of the protests held at the American embassy in Cairo in response to the â€œInnocence of the Muslimsâ€? video. Libya is also in a state of unrest after dictator Moammar Gadhafi was overthrown. Libyan rebels forced Gadhafi to flee the capital city in August
2011 and Gadhafi was eventually captured and killed. â€œIn Egypt, there is a strong state. In Libya, we donâ€™t have that,â€? Tabaar said. â€œIn Libya, you have militia groups that are taking advantage of a power vacuum.â€? Napper said the danger in Libya now comes from the absence of authority, not too much of it. â€œYou have a collapse of authority and the place is swimming with weapons. Everyone can get ahold of military weapons,â€? he said. Napper said the militia groups acquired their weapons when Gadhafi was overthrown and his weapon reserves were looted. During the attack in September on the American consulate in Libya, anti-aircraft weapons and rocket-propelled grenades were used as part of the assault. With regards to the motivation behind the attacks on the consulate, there is no clear answer whether these attacks were motivated by the reactions to the â€œInnocence of the Muslimsâ€? video or if the attacks were preplanned. â€œI am confident that, to at least some extent, [the attack] was spontaneous and genuinely driven by the re-
actions to the movie,â€? Tarar said. â€œBut it is still unknown whether it was preplanned or largely spontaneous.â€? Napper said an accountability review is required by law after any significant loss of life or property in an American diplomatic mission. He said the accountability review is meant to determine cause and responsibility. Napper said he would wait for the accountability report to arrive before making any definitive comments on the reasons behind the attack. In the light of the attack, Tabaar said it is not a sign that Libya is becoming more radical. Napper added that there was a pro-American demonstration in Libya after the attack on the consulate. Tabaar said Libya is not as important to America as Egypt, because Libya has been typically more intertwined with Europe. Napper said it will take an enormous amount of time to see what lasting effects the Arab Spring and other similar revolutions and protests will have on the Middle East, the U.S. and the rest of the world.
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Thousands of Egyptians gather in Tahrir Square, birthplace of the uprising that toppled former president of Egypt Hosni Mubarak, in Cairo, Egypt, June 19, 2012 to protest the new government.
Unrest Continued from page 1
she said. â€œIt added a whole different element to it.â€? Mohamed and her parents, who live and work in College Station, stay connected with current happenings in Egypt using the Internet and TV. â€œMy mom always tried to incorporate both cultures in my life,â€? Mohamed said. â€œAfter the revolution, it changed from watching movies to news channels. She even bought Arab channels on Dish.â€? Mohamed said because freedom and democracy are such new concepts to Egypt, they are often topics of discussion for her family here in the U.S. and in Egypt. â€œThis summer it was all people talked about,â€? Mohamed said. â€œMy mom has been following it and debating it with my dad.â€? According to Mohamed, everyone who was of age voted in the most recent election. During the voting process, voters used black ink to stamp and fingerprint. Mohamed said her family tried to keep the black ink on one of their fingers for as long as possible because it was a mark of democracy that they were proud of. Similar to Mohamed, junior psychology major Maysun has a personal connection to the recent uprisings and revolutions that are bringing democracy to the Middle East. Maysunâ€™s family lived under the reign of
Moammar Gadhafi and witnessed the horrors of his regime. â€œHe had spies everywhere,â€? Maysun said. â€œYou couldnâ€™t say anything because he would find out.â€? Maysun witnessed the Libyan revolution through video clips on the Internet. â€œI had to watch everything on YouTube,â€? Maysun said. â€œThere were snipers and children being shot. My parentâ€™s told me not to watch it.â€? During the revolution, which occurred in 2011, Maysun lost two family members. Many of her parentâ€™s friends were also killed. She said it was difficult to have very little connection and communication with her loved ones in Libya. â€œI knew I was safe living here in America but at the same time I wish I could have contributed something more to my country,â€? Maysun said. â€œThe phones and Internet were not working during the war and I could not contact most of my family members for months.â€? After a recent visit to Libya, Maysun said the scars from the war were evident. â€œSo many people died,â€? Maysun said. â€œYou could feel it. There were less people. It was sad. One of my cousins has to wear crutches.â€? Despite this, Maysun is optimistic about the future of Libya. â€œEveryone is excited,â€? Maysun said. â€œThey actually voted for something. People arenâ€™t going to get killed for having an opinion.â€?
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Flavors Include: Long Island Iced Tea (stronger than Locos) Strawberry â€˘ Blue Hawaiian â€˘ Pina Colada Sex on the Beach â€˘ Margaritas â€˘ Sugar Free Margarita
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4501 Wellborn Rd., 1 mile north of Kyle Field
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history and culture, but not at the expense of politics of the region,â€? Tabaar said. â€œWe focus a lot on what is happening now and try to arm students with some theoretical framework to apply various political science theories to the region.â€? Nour Hamed, an international student from Iraq studying in the masterâ€™s program in international affairs, Tabaar is a valuable asset to the Bush School. â€œIn his international politics of the middle east class, students engage in objective discussions on a wide range of important topics,â€? he said. â€œI think it is important for the school to expand its program on the Middle East, given the regionâ€™s critical importance to U.S. national interests as well as the increasing instability in that part of the world.â€? The first piece of the grant given to the Bush School is the Jamal Daniel Middle East Research Endowment that will support research and professional development of both faculty and students focused on contemporary, public and international affairs of the Middle East. In the second year, the Jamal Daniel Faculty Fellowship will support faculty membersâ€™ teaching, research, service or any combination related to the Middle East. The third and largest amount of $500,000 will support the Jamal Daniel Professorship to fund a senior faculty memberâ€™s research, teaching or service activities.
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10/15/12 12:14 AM