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| Issue 4 | Volume 147 | Tuesday, February 14, 2017 | theavion.com |

Andrew Bronshteyn/The Avion Newspaper

McKay Hall Demolition Begins Jaclyn Wiley Editor-in-Chief

What’s Inside

When students awoke on Friday, Feb. 10, they were greeted with a shocking sight - an excavator digging into the shell of McKay Hall and dropping debris into a large red dumpster. Andrew Bronshteyn, a sophomore aerospace engineering student, said, “When [the construction workers] dropped the concrete from McKay into the metal dumpster, the boom was so loud, it shook your chest like a firework.” Bronshteyn photographed part of the demolition, and one of his photos is featured with this article. “What shocked me the most was that there was still furniture inside some of the rooms. There was stuff still hanging on the walls, too,” Bronshteyn commented further. The demolition was met with mixed reactions from students. Some were glad to see the old

dorm destroyed, citing the cramped living conditions and upkeep issues as reasons for not missing the residence hall. McKay has traditionally been a freshman dormitory, with three students per room. Timothy Bernard, a sophomore double majoring in Accounting Finance and Computational Mathematics, said, “I lived in McKay my freshman year, and I am kind of happy that they are destroying it. It was not a great place towards the end. It was like an old, buggy version of Motel Six.” Other students were not so happy to see McKay destroyed. “It’s just kind of weird since I used to hang out there with my friends all the time,” said Jack Taylor, who witnessed part of the demolition first-hand. “It’s kind of bittersweet.” Taylor is a senior studying aerospace engineering. All 420 of the students living in McKay were moved into the unnamed

Are Stealth Aircraft Still Relevant?

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new dormitory at the beginning of the Spring semester. Before the move, there were three students to a room, but in the new residence hall, there are only two students to a room. Zachary Fedewa, a sophomore studying civil engineering, lived in McKay Hall his freshman year. "Even though McKay was renowned as a moldy motel, I would attribute it as my home for my first year of college," he said. "It'll be missed." Fedewa went on to talk about how McKay functioned as a connection to the past. McKay Hall was named after Isabel McKay, the first female president and general manager of Embry-Riddle, who served as president from 1951 to 1962. She was the wife of John McKay, the former owner of Embry-Riddle, and helped to establish the school as a nonprofit corporation. After her resignation from the presidency of

Embry-Riddle, McKay became the chairman of the Board of Trustees. McKay Hall was built and named after the former Embry-Riddle president in the late 1980s. Until the start of new construction, the lot where McKay stood will remain

The name of McKay’s replacement has not been announced, and nor has that of the recently constructed dormitory that opened at the start of this semester. The replacement residence hall will be built within the next decade.

Photo Courtesy:Embry-Riddle Archives This photo, retrieved from the Embry-Riddle university archives, was taken when McKay Hall was completed.

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empty. It is unknown whether or not the lot will be fenced in or be opened as student space. If the lot stays fenced in, part of the Mustang parking lot will remain blocked off. The fence was erected early in the Spring semester.

“Lego Batman”

Movie Review

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Executive Board Editor-in-Chief Managing Editor News Editor Business Manager Photography Editor Advertising Manager

Jaclyn Wiley Micah Knight Henry Neiberlien Sariah Adviento Zachary Fedewa Devin Edwards

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Charismatic Machines: Robots that Empathize

Page Editors Front Editor Campus Editor I&T Editor Sports Editor Comics Editor Entertainment Editor

Copy Editor

Jaclyn Wiley Keenan Thungtrakul Andy Bronshteyn Zachary Fedewa Madeline Eitnier Emily Rickel Zachary Fedewa Vendrys Bryan K’Andrew Beckford Sariah Adviento Micah Knight Nick Hernandez Henry Neiberlien Payton Muglia Nicole Drevlow Payton Muglia

Staff Contributors

Reporters

Photographers

Jaclyn Wiley Henry Neiberlien Devin Edwards Andy Bronshteyn Emily Rickel Michael Weinhoffer Madeline Eitnier Zachary Fedewa Devin Edwards Andy Bronshteyn Jack Taylor K’Andrew Beckford

Contact Information Main Phone: (386) 226-6049 Ad Manager: (386) 226-7697 Fax Number: (386) 226-6016 Editor-in-Chief Managing Editor News Editor Business Manager Photography Editor Advertising Manager

editor@theavion.com managing@theavion.com news@theavion.com business@theavion.com photo@theavion.com advertising@theavion.com

Website: theavion.com

Devin Edwards/The Avion Newspaper Dr. Heather Knight’s personal robot Ginger, pictured above, showed off her comedic abilities during the presentation.

Devin Edwards Advertising Manager When I walked into the auditorium I noticed this adorable little robot leaning over. I was thinking to myself ‘well, of course Dr. Heather Knight is going to have a robot with her: this is what she came to talk to us about.’ However I was caught off-gaurd to how life-like the robot seemed. Dr. Knight is at the forefront of trying to develop robots that have a charismatic side to them so that they can have a better connection with humans. I was intrigued when she brought up some great examples of charismatic robots in movies that helped inspire her, like R2-D2 and WALL-E. This got me thinking about how movies jump-start scientific thinking and ideas in the mind of the public. Movies are one of the

people to connect with. C-3PO has a human disposition and is always polite, making it easy for people to be themselves aroud him. It is amazing to see how far we have come in the field of robotics. Amazing advancements like Dr. Knight’s robot Ginger contiue to blow the minds of the next generation. Possibly one day we may even have robots like C-3PO and K-2SO, all thanks to scientists with a passion to make lovable robots real. Ginger, Dr. Knight’s personal robot, has a little comedy skit where she interacts with the crowd. The comedy shows how making people laugh is a great way to help people let their guard down and embrace interacting with a machine instead of a human. It also makes you wonder where we are going with this technology. It makes you wonder

that maybe one day a little robot like Ginger would be able to use A.I. to beome a truly sentient robot like those in film and literature. Dr. Knight’s robot Ginger was a fantastic experience. Her show not only got people thinking about where the technology is today, but also where it can go in the future. Dr. Knight showed us how she is working on making robots have charisma and human personalities. One of the examples she gave was programming two robots to go give out candy during Halloween. One was going too fast, so no one took candy because they said he looked busy and in a rush. The slower robot, however, people took the candy more willingly because it acted more inviting and less intimidating. This is the type of research that Dr. Knight is currently working on.

Expo RefreshER: Interview and Elevator Speech Emily Rickel Staff Reporter

The Avion is produced weekly during the fall and spring term, and bi-weekly during summer terms. The Avion is produced by a volunteer student staff. Student editors make all content, business and editorial decisions. The editorial opinions expressed in The Avion are solely the opinion of the undersigned writer(s), and not those of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, the Student Government Association, The Avion, or the student body. Letters appearing in The Avion are those of the writer, identified at the end of the letter. Opinions expressed in the “Student Government” and “Student Life” sections are those of the identified writer. Letters may be submitted to The Avion for publication, provided they are not lewd, obscene or libelous. Letter writers must confine themselves to less than 800 words. Letters may be edited for brevity and formatted to newspaper guidelines. All letters must be signed. Names may be withheld at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. The Avion is an open forum for student expression. The Avion is a division of the Student Government Association. The Avion is a member of the Associated Collegiate Press. The costs of this publication are paid by the Student Government Association and through advertising fees. The Avion distributes one free copy per person. Additional copies are $0.75. Theft of newspapers is a crime, and is subject to prosecution and Embry-Riddle judicial action. This newspaper and its contents are protected by United States copyright law. No portion of this publication may be reproduced, in print or electronically, without the expressed written consent of The Avion. Correspondence may be addressed to: The Avion Newspaper, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, 600 S. Clyde Morris Blvd., Daytona Beach, Florida 32114. Physical office: John Paul Riddle Student Center, Room 110. Phone: (386) 226-6049. Fax: (386) 226-6727.

greatest places that ideas about technology or inventions come from. The original Star Trek is a great example They had communicators that helped them talk to each other wirelessly, years before the first cell phone. At one point in time, cell phones were only science fiction, the same can be said for robots. Sometimes it takes someone daring enough to make something like this a reality, and that is what Dr. Knight is doing. She is taking a mainly science fiction idea and making it real. It is amazing to see something like happen in my lifetime. While I was watching her presentation, all I could think about was K-2SO and C-3PO, my two favorite fictional robots of all time. Star Wars does one of the best jobs at portraying lovable robots. The one thing that both those robots have is that they are easy for

With less than a month before the first-ever Spring Industry/Career Expo, Career Services is working hard to ensure that students and alumni are prepared to interact with potential employers on March 1. Expo RefreshER is a series of quick, interactive presentations intended to provide students and alumni with valuable information and tools that will make them successful before, during, and after the Industry/Career Expo. Typically, two presentations are scheduled twice during a one-hour time

slot. One presentation will discuss a topic in one room, while the second presentation will explore a different topic in a nearby room. At the end of thirty minutes, the presentations restart so attendees can choose to sit in on one presentation during the time that is more convenient for them or to view both presentations by switching rooms. Want to appear more confident and prepared during your interviews? The RefreshER on Interviewing would be helpful for anyone wanting to learn more about how to impress company representatives during a formal interview. The topics covered in this

presentation include types of interviews, types of questions, typical interview questions, what to ask the interviewer, and how to follow-up after an interview. Need help developing your elevator speech? The RefreshER on Elevator Speeches & Engaging Employers is useful for those who want to make a lasting impression on representatives that will be available at the Industry/Career Expo. The topics that this presentation covers include: the do’s and don’ts of elevator speeches, a typical elevator speech outline, and how to engage employers pre- and post-expo.

The next Expo RefreshER for Interviewing and Elevator Speeches & Engaging Employers takes place on Feb. 22 at 5:30-6 p.m. and/ or 6-6:30 p.m. in COB 114 and 118. Do not miss this opportunity, as this is that last Expo RefreshER event before the Expo on March 1. This event will also feature information sessions on resumes and Expo tips. For more information about the Industry/Career Expo, go to Career Services’ website at careerservices.erau.edu. For a complete list of upcoming Expo Prep events, stop by Career Services for a calendar, or view a list of the events on EagleHire.


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Alumni Airline Pilot Forum

Richard I. Thompson Correspondent Airline Captain – a career many of you are striving towards. But, beyond the accumulation of hours, ratings and academics, what does it take to achieve this goal? During the ERAU Career Expo on March 1, a group of successful ERAU Alumni airline pilots will be on hand to answer this and any questions most on your mind about a professional flying career. These seasoned professionals have

been exactly where you are, on the verge of beginning their commercial aviation endeavors. Now, with decades of experience and achievement, they are here to help you get started with yours. It will be an informal, unique and hopefully, a profitable opportunity for everyone considering an airline future to visit with the pros. Join us. The Alumni Airline Pilot Forum will be held in the College of Aviation Atrium on March 1, from 1:30 p.m. to 3 p.m. Please join us. The panel will include:

However, due to the Sept. 11 attacks and economic downturn he was furloughed from US Airways. Captain Greco’s first passenger flying job was with Trans States Airlines as a captain on Embraer E145RJ and British Aerospace Jetstream 3. After graduation from ERAU, he was a flight instructor with Eastern Aviation Services, then a Multi-Engine Instructor with Airline Transport Professionals.

Joseph Elm (‘85) Captain UPS

What is it like to fly to South America? Captain Elm can answer that. Captain Elm currently flies 757/767 for UPS. Previously he was a First Officer flying MD-11’s and a Captain flying DC-8’s. He was a First Officer, then Captain on a Shorts 360, as well as captain on an ATR 42/72 for Simmons Airlines/ American Eagle. At ERAU, he was a flight instructor and a head coach for the ERAU Flight Team. He was also an instructor for Airline Transport Professionals flight school.

Walter Donovan (‘70) Captain FedEx, Retired

Captain Donovan has Over 20,000+ hours of narrow and wide-body flight experience including several thousand hours of military and civilian helicopter time. Captain Donovan has received the FAA’s Wright Brothers Master Pilot Award for his professionalism, skill and aviation expertise by maintaining safe operations for over 50 years of safe flying. Captain Donovan retired from FedEx flying Boeing 727, DC-10, MD-11 in domestic and international air cargo flight operations; Instructor and Evaluator in level 4 MD-11 Flight Simulator. Previously he has flown as a First officer in DC-8’s for Flying Tiger Airlines, Arista International Airlines, Saudia International Airline and Seaboard World Airlines. Captain Donovan’s rotary wing experience includes First Officer on a Sikorsky S-61L for New York Airways, Captain on an S-61N for Resorts International Airlines, Lt. Colonel, Flight Commander and Instructor Pilot flying Sikorsky HH-3E (Jolly Green Giant) and HH-60G (Pave Hawk) combat rescue helicopters for New York Air National Guard.

Samuel Greco (‘94) Captain A320/321, JetBlue Airways

What is it like to fly out of Metropolitan New York? Captain Greco can tell you. After 22 years and 15,000 hours, Captain Greco has had a varied career. Captain Greco has been flying for JetBlue Airways for over 12 years as an A320 captain out of JFK and LGA. Previously, he spent 2+ years with USA 3000 Airlines as an A320 Captain. He also served as an Aircraft Accident Investigation Go-Team Member trained by the National Transportation Safety Board. Before that, he was with JetBlue Airways as a First Officer on Airbus A319/320/321 and Boeing B737-300/400.

Peter Duvo (‘06) 1st Officer, GoJet Airlines

After graduation in 2006, Peter was a full-time Flight Instructor starting in Naples, Florida; in 2008 he worked for ATP flight school east coast and west coast operations. In 2010 Peter accepted a First Officer Position with Peninsula Airways (PenAir) in Anchorage Alaska flying the Saab 340. Are you familiar with History channel’s ‘Dangerous Catch?’ Peter has first-hand knowledge because they would routinely be on his flights from Anchorage to Dutch Harbor. Peter met Sig Hanson several times and he did get to go aboard his boat, the Northwestern. Maybe you are familiar with History Channel’s “Flying Wild Alaska.” Peter flew to Unalakleet, Aniak and Dillingham and would occasionally run into Jim Tweto and others. He remembers Jim Tweto telling him all the stories of the show. In 2013, Peter accepted a First Officer position with GoJet Airlines flying the CRJ700 and CRJ900 series aircraft. You may have seen him around the campus since he is currently involved with Pilot Recruitment for the Airline.


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Emarosa

Jack Taylor/The Avion Newspaper

K’ Andrew France-Beckford/The Avion Newspaper

Keenan Thungtrakul/The Avion Newspaper

Vendrys Bryan/The Avion Newspaper

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Jack Taylor/The Avion Newspaper


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Airshow Center TiCO Warbird Air Show Titusville, Florida March 10-12 2017

Melbourne Air and Space Show Melbourne, Florida April 1-2 2017

• There will be performances

by the US Air Force Thunderbirds, the Patrouille de France, Kent Pietsch and more at this event. There will also be a static display with a large variety of civil and military aircraft. _________

Sun’n’Fun International Fly-in & Expo Lakeland, Florida April 4-9 2017

• There are many performers at this airshow, including the Patrouille de France Alpha Jets and the Blue Angels. _________

Gulf Coast Salute Tyndall AFB, Florida April 21-23 2017

• There will be performanc-

esby the Thunderbirds, the F-22 demonstration team and many more at this airshow, which is free to the public. _________

Gateway to Florida Air Show Lake City, Florida April 29-30 2017

• The Thunderbirds, USSOCOM Parachute and many others perform at this airshow.

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The Frogfoot is Dying: Russia Stops Mass-Production of SU-25 Henry Neiberlien News Editor

• There will be static displays and flights of modern and vintage warbirds and aerobatic flyers on Friday night, as well as a fireworks show. All performers will return on Saturday and Sunday for more performances. There will also be a carshow, a carnival for the children, and displays of operating military equipment and tanks. _________

February

Russia’s equivalent to the A-10 Warthog, the Sukhoi SU-25 NATO reporting name “Frogfoot,” has ceased massproduction after more than thirty-five years. The SU-25 has become famous for being the workhorse ground attack aircraft for Russia and many other

air forces around the world such as Ukraine, Belarus and even North Korea. The Frogfoot has most recently seen service operating out of Latakia air base in Syria in Russia’s continued airstrikes against Islamic state militants and Syrian rebels. The SU-25 has a crew of one or sometimes two in certain configurations, is armed with a GSh-30-

2 30mm cannon, and can carry 8,800 pounds of munitions over a combat range of 405 nautical miles. While still very much in active service with the Russian air force, interest has grown in finding a replacement for the aging design. Currently, plans are in place to replace the aircraft with a light ground attack version of the Yakolev Yak-130. The Yak-

130 cannot carry as many munitions and armaments as the SU-25, but other aircraft in the Russian inventory such as the SU-24 and SU-34 fighter bombers have proven their ground attack capability in the war in Syria. Russia’s possible retirement of the SU-25 in the near future comes at an interesting time, as the USAF have been trying

to retire our dedicated ground attack aircraft, the A-10, and replace it with a sub-equivalent aircraft that is cheaper to operate. While Russia and the US may be changing their dedicated ground attack aircraft to meet the need of an evolving modern combat environment, the Frogfoot will likely see service for decades to come in smaller air forces around the world.

The Secret’s Out: The Rise and Fall of Stealth Henry Neiberlien News Editor The world shuddered when the United States first revealed it had created aircraft that are invisible to radar. The first line of defense for our enemies had been broken; now our aircraft could fly into Russian airspace undetected and deliver their payloads without anyone even knowing they were there. Today, however, our monopoly on this technology has been shattered. The first loss of a US stealth aircraft was an F-117 over Serbia in 1999. The F-117 was also the first stealth aircraft to be retired from active duty, so the military considers it outdated anyway. Unfortunately, in 2011 we lost two of the most advanced stealth aircraft in our inventory, the existence of these aircraft would not even be known today out-

side of SOCOM (US special operations command) if not for their loss. The RQ-170 was downed and captured in Iran, and a stealth variant of the UH-60 Blackhawk was also lost during Operation Neptune’s Spear (Bin Laden Raid). While only the tail section of the Blackhawk survived, the precious radar-absorbing coating on the skin was all our enemies needed. With the technology from these crashes and possibly the help of cyber-espionage the secrets of our most advanced aircraft became clear. Now China, Russia, India, Iran, Japan, South Korea, and Turkey are all developing stealth fighters, and the F-35 is the first stealth aircraft in the US inventory to be sold for export to our allies. The bottom line is most developed countries in the world now have access to at least the basics of stealth.

Both China and Russia have also expressed interest in exporting stealth aircraft to countries that do not have the means to develop their own. China is also training their radar operators to specifically detect stealth aircraft to combat our air force. The F-35 cost trillions of dollars to develop over a more than a decade, and its stealth advantages, the main reason for its development, could become obsolete in the next five years. While stealth may no longer be our secret weapon, we do have the technology to make any aircraft effectively invisible to our enemies. Electronic warfare is the next frontier for military aviation. A Cessna 172 can be a stealth aircraft if the radar is jammed and communications disrupted. Electronic warfare aircraft have already been highly utilized in the air war

over Syria. RC-135 River Joints, EA-18G Growlers, and EA-6B Prowlers have all been utilized in the skies above Syria to Jam ISIS communications, and eavesdrop on Russian Chatter. In the future, electronic warfare and cyber espionage will become far more valuable than the radar-evading skin of stealth aircraft. Military aviation will have to shift its focus from an obsession with stealth to an obsession with disruption. Modern armies rely on technology and intelligent weapons to fight wars sometimes without even firing a shot themselves. Data and intelligence are the ammunition of the future. Today’s geopolitical environment sees an increasing number of proxy wars backed by the superpowers once again locked in a cold war. Unfortunately, this cold

war is much more dangerous; it is no longer a war of words, it is a war of facts. Russia has already been caught streaming fake pro-Russian news onto internet websites of Sweden and possibly of Ukraine. For the first time in history, nations can attack one other without mobilizing any armies. The internet is one of mankind’s greatest inventions, but with great power comes great responsibility. So, should we continue to fund extremely expensive stealth aircraft instead of “unstealthy” aircraft that can carry more weapons and can fly farther? Stealth is still a significant advantage in the present day and will continue to be a valuable asset in the near future. However, there will be a time where it quickly becomes commonplace and no longer advantageous. The real question is, will we be ready for it?

This Week in Aviation History February 14, 2013

American Airlines and US Airways announce an $11,000,000,000 deal to merge, creating the world’s largest airline, with 900 planes, 3,200 daily flights, and 95,000 employees.

February 20, 1991

Petty Officer J. D. Bridges is sucked into the port intake of a Grumman A-6 Intruder in a flight deck accident on board the USS Theodore Roosevelt. He is saved when the pilot hears the crewman’s helmet and safety goggles ingest into the engine and shuts down immediately.

Photo Courtesy: Lockheed Martin The F-117, developed by Lockheed’s Skunk Works division, was the world’s first aircraft invisible to radar.

Photo Courtesy: Lockheed Martin An F-35 Lightning II undergoes the first F-35 guided weapon test.


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Proton Grounded Henry Neiberlien News Editor Roscosmos continues to suffer problems with its rocket engines and this time their heavy launch vehicle, the Proton-M family, has been grounded until mid-May 2017 citing problems with its engines. This comes after the failure of a Progress resupply mission to the ISS after the engine failed on the third stage of a Soyuz launch vehicle back in December. Roscosmos has said that the cause of the problems could be possible defects in the manufacturing process. The Proton launch

vehicle has been a workhorse of the Russian space program since the 1960’s and is responsible for launching every Russian space station in history including the Salyut series, Mir, and the Russian Modules of the ISS. Many nations and companies rely on this rocket to launch their heavy payloads, as it is the most powerful rocket in service today that is available to the commercial market, capable of launching 6.3 metric tons to GTO, and without it, a massive gap in the launch market will open up. If these manufactur-

ing problems continue, the Proton could become grounded indefinitely and then the world will be left without a heavy launch vehicle until the Falcon Heavy or Angara-5 start flying sometime soon. This would be troublesome for companies that need to launch large satellite payloads or even commercial space stations as there will be no launch vehicle available until at least May. Russian Launch vehicles are all based on outdated technology, and recently it has been shown that their manufacturing quality control is question-

able. Russia knows this, and they are developing a brand-new rocket family, the Angara family, to replace both the Soyuz and Proton launch vehicles. However, the Angara family is still in the prototype stage, and while there are a few payloads scheduled to fly this year, they will not effectively replace the older rockets until at least the 2020’s. In a time of great commercial space growth across the globe, the loss of one of the only heavy carrier rockets available could be disastrous. Maybe it is time for a new player to step in and

for Russia to pass the torch of being the only heavy launch provider. Unfortunately, China, the only nation with comparable rockets currently do not offer commercial launches with them, and the Chinese Long March rocket family were also developed from reverse engineered Russian rocket technology, so their reliability could become questionable as well. With the retirement of the Delta-IV, the Falcon Heavy not flying till at least this fall, and the Proton grounded until midMay heavy payloads may be left out in the cold.

JAXA Suffers Third Recent Setback in Space Activities

Michael Weinhoffer Senior Reporter It sometimes can be hard to remember that NASA is not the only national agency boldly venturing into outer space, and certainly not the only one suffering failures as well. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Japan’s space agency, has encountered three significant mission failures in the past year. The failure of an X-ray astronomy satellite, a revolutionary rocket launch, and an outer space experiment conducted at the beginning of February prove that failure can happen to anyone at any time. It is important to high-

light these failures to provide a learning experience for both space launchers and the public in how to assess, respond, and recover from a failure, big or small. The first recent failure encountered by JAXA was the breakup of its ground-breaking Hitomi X-ray astronomy satellite on March 26, 2016. The satellite spent a little more than a month in orbit and was designed to investigate the early universe with an extremely powerful X-ray telescope. However, an attitude control sensor error caused the satellite to overcorrect its rotation, and it ended up breaking into several large pieces of debris due to the excessive structural forces.

Photo Courtesy: JAXA The HTV-6 completed its primary mission of delivering a payload to ISS but failed to depoly a tehter designed to gather space junk.

Although this was a crushing blow to JAXA, an anomaly investigation was conducted, and a successor satellite is already being developed for launch in 2020. The second failure came on Jan. 15 of this year when a new rocket called the SS-520 failed to launch a small earth observation satellite into orbit. The launch was aborted when a communication error was discovered before the second stage could ignite. JAXA claims that it would have been the smallest rocket ever to launch a satellite into space, and they envisioned it as a future provider for small satellite missions. Since the rocket was small, it would have made access to space more affordable, and with the rise of small satellite development, this was a big hit to JAXA’s attempt to penetrate the market. It is still unclear if JAXA will continue development of this new rocket. The most recent incident was less destructive in nature, but it still raises some concerns. The agency’s HTV-6 cargo spacecraft departed the ISS on Jan. 27, after supplying the station with items including batteries installed on the most recent spacewalks. After a long week of difficult maneuvers to stay out of the way of the ISS, an electromagnetic

tether, namesake of the “KITE” experiment, was supposed to deploy. An electromagnetic tether is a remarkable innovation, whereby a strong electric current is sent through the tether, and when combined with the magnetic force of the Earth, enough electromagnetic force is generated to pull space debris towards the tether. This would have been an exciting and safe way to clean up space junk, but alas, the tether failed to deploy after multiple attempts, and the spacecraft burned up in the Earth’s atmosphere. Fortunately, the primary mission of the spacecraft was successful, but the growing problem of space debris magnifies the failure’s cost. According to Dr. Liou, NASA’s Chief Scientist for Orbital Debris, as of 2015, there are approximately 23,00 pieces of debris in space that are the size of a softball or larger. This does not account for the countless amount of pebble or marble sized debris, which all pose a significant threat for satellite missions and the astronauts on the ISS. Even pebble sized debris is a real concern, mainly due to its very high speed and abundance in Low Earth Orbit. Space debris can range anywhere from defunct satellites and used rocket boosters to space wrenches and gloves, and even to flecks of paint.

And since the number of rocket launches is only increasing, it seems rational to attempt to clean up the junk. But as this failure shows, it is not easy. There are many methods to clean up space debris, and although some of them seem a bit far-fetched, none have been successful so far. I am pleased to see JAXA attempting to solve the junk problem all on their own, and every failure can be turned into a lesson. Although this attempt failed, it will certainly not stop space agencies from attempting to keep Earth’s backyard healthy. To clarify, JAXA has had successful launches in between these failures, but the failures discussed stood out to me because of their relative closeness in occurrence. JAXA has a thriving space program and has considerably contributed to the success of ISS and space exploration. It seems that JAXA was confident in their abilities and undertook riskier and bolder missions, and even with these failures, I assert that they are second to NASA regarding the quality of their program. JAXA is maturing, and like NASA has very well learned, failures are simply opportunities in disguise, and I am certain that JAXA will go even bigger for their next mission in their quest for the stars.

Launch Control Center CRS-10- Falcon 9

Feb. 18 (TBD) Kennedy Space Center, FL

SES 10 - Falcon 9

Feb. (TBA) Kennedy Space Center, FL LC-39A

Koreasat 5A - Falcon 9 Feb./Mar. (TBD) Kennedy Space Center, FL

WGS 9 - Delta 4

Mar. 8 @ 6:35-8:36 p.m. Cape Canaveral, FL SLC-37B

OA-7 - Atlas 5

Mar. 16 @ 12:29-12:59 a.m. Cape Canaveral, FL SLC-41

OA-7 - Atlas 5

Mar. 19 @ 10:56-11:26 p.m. Cape Canaveral, FL

ISS Sightings February 15th

8:00 p.m. - The ISS will be visible for two minutes, with a max height of 32°. It will appear 10° above NW, and disappear 32° above WNW.

February 16

7:07 p.m.- The ISS will be visible for five minutes, with a max height of 66°. ISS will appear 11° above NW, and will disappear 17° above SE.

February 17

7:54 p.m. - The ISS will be visible for two minutes, with a max height of 15°. It will appear 15° above SW, and disappear 10° above SSW.

February 18

7:02 p.m. - The ISS will be visible for three minutes, with a max height of 34°. It will appear 33° above WSW, and disappear 11° above SSE.

This Week in Space History

February 14, 2000 The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters the orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit around an asteroid. February 17, 1959 Launch of Vanguard II, US earth-orbiting satellite. February 20, 1986 Launch of Mir, Soviet Union (later Russian) space station, the very first modular space station.


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Upcoming Games: Tuesday No Games

Wednesday Men’s Tennis vs Bethune Cookman Daytona Beach, 3:30 PM Women’s Basketball vs Nova Southeastern Daytona Beach, 5:30 PM Men’s Basketball vs Nova Southeastern Daytona Beach, 7:30 PM

Thursday Women’s Tennis vs Bethune Cookman Daytona Beach, 3:30 PM Baseball vs Valdosta State Valdosta, 5:00 PM

Friday Men’s Tennis vs Valdosta State Valdosta, 2 PM Women’s Tennis vs Valdosta State Valdosta, 2 PM Baseball vs Georgia College Milledgeville, 6 PM Softball vs Nova Southeastern Fort Lauderdale, 7 PM

Saturday Men’s Tennis vs West Florida Valdosta, 11AM Women’s Tennis vs West Florida Valdosta, 11 AM Softball vs Nova Southeastern (DH) Fort Lauderdale, 1 PM Baseball vs Georgia College Milledgeville, 2 PM Softball vs Nova Southeastern (DH) Fort Lauderdale, 1 PM Women’s Basketball vs Florida Tech Daytona Beach, 5 PM Men’s Basketball vs Florida Tech Daytona Beach, 7 PM Men’s Track and Field vs First Chance Last Chance Daytona Beach Women’s Track and Field vs First Chance Last Chance Daytona Beach

Sports

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ERAU Eagles Hockey Wins EFCH Conference

Jaclyn Wiley Editor-in-Chief

In the final game in the East Florida Collegiate Hockey (EFCH) Conference, the Embry-Riddle Eagles ice hockey team beat out the Florida Institute of Technology Panthers 6-2, dominating on the ice. The Eagles took home the championship trophy, the Sodexo Cup, which was sponsored by the Embry-Riddle food services provider. The final rankings of the conference are as such: 1. Embry-Riddle Eagles 2. Florida Institute of Technology Panthers 3. Flagler College Saint 4. Lynn University Fighting Knights The first two games of the tournament took place on Friday, Feb. 10. In the first game of the conference, the Flagler College Saints faced off against the Florida Institute of Technology, with the Panthers coming away with the win. The final score was 9-2, in the Panther’s favor. The second game of the night was that between Embry-Riddle and the

Lynn University Fighting Knights. The Eagles beat out the Lynn University Saints by a five-point margin. The final score was 7-2, with Embry-Riddle advancing to the championship game on Saturday . The losers of the first games, Lynn University and Flagler College, faced off for third place. Flagler won, 9-3, and secured third place in the tournament. Because of the loss, Lynn came in fourth in the tournament rankings. The Embry-Riddle Eagles helped to form the EFCH Conference, which is expecting more teams to compete in the years to come. One such team is

that of Stetson University, which formed recently. Hockey is becoming more popular among colleges and universities in eastern and northern Florida. Embry-Riddle Eagles Hockey is open to all hockey-loving students at Embry-Riddle, regardless of gender. Any students interested in becoming involved with the team should contact Dr. Ken Byrnes, the faculty advisor for the team. Dr. Byrnes is the Department Chair of the ERAU Flight Department, and has served as the faculty advisor for two years. The coach of the Embry-Riddle Eagles ice hock-

ey team is Bob Joyce, a Quality Assurance Manager in the Flight Training department. Joyce played professional hockey in the NHL, as well as playing on the Canadian Olympic hockey team. Joyce played Left Wing for the Boston Bruins, the Washington Capitals, and the Winnipeg Jets, with a playing career lasting from 1988 to 2000. The Embry-Riddle Eagles are a part of the American Collegiate Hockey Association, playing in Division 3. The Florida Institute of Technology, Flagler College, and Stetson University teams are also in Division 3.

Jaclyn Wiley/The Avion Newspaper

Florida Southern Holds Off ERAU Allyson Swan ERAU Athletics The Embry-Riddle men’s basketball team scored 100 points for the fifth time this season and shot the ball well (54.1 percent) from the field in the first half, but the Eagles were unable to overcame a second-half rally by Florida Southern, falling 110-100 at the Moccasins’ Jenkins Fieldhouse on Saturday. The Eagles are now 14-8, while the Moccasins move to 11-13. Five players scored in double figures for the Eagles, led by Shaquan McArthur, who finished with 20 points and a teamhigh nine rebounds. Dillion Graham tallied 19 points, while Skyler Hogan and Luka Majstorovic added 18 and 14 points, respectively. Dalton Barnes had a solid all-around performance with 10 points, seven assists, five steals and five boards. The game got off to a frenetic start as the teams combined for 26 points in the first four minutes and at the first media timeout, the score was tied at 13-13. A pair of layups by

the Mocs’ Brett Hanson gave Florida Southern a 19-15 lead, but backto-back threes by Brian Johnson (11 pts) put the Eagles back in front 25-22 at the 11:30 mark. Over the next four minutes, the Eagles outscored the home team 14-7 to open up a 39-30 lead, but the Mocs fought back and went on a run of their own to reclaim the lead, (48-47) with 3:04 left in the half. The Eagles responded once again and took a 54-51 advantage into the locker room at the break. Another 14-7 Eagle run marked the start of the second half and staked the visitors to a 10-point cushion with 15:46 remaining in the contest. At the 14:10 mark, Michael Volovic was fouled by McArthur on his way to the basket and scored three the old-fashioned way to pull the Mocs within seven (69-62). On the Eagles next possession, Volovic came up with a steal and was fouled in the act of shooting once again by McArthur. In addition to cutting the lead to three (69-66), the

three-point play also sent McArthur to the bench with four fouls and from that point, the momentum shifted in the Mocs’ favor. Volovic’s score sparked a 22-6 Florida Southern run that the Eagles were unable to recover from. The Mocs built the lead to as many as 14 points before closing out their first win against

the Eagles in four meetings between the teams. Volovic matched Hanson’s game-high 29 points, but Hanson outdid everyone on the boards, finishing with 20 rebounds. The Eagles’ next game will be back at the ICI Center on Wednesday when they host Nova Southeastern. Tip-off is slated for 7:30 p.m.

Zachary Fedewa/The Avion Newspaper


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ERAU Women’s Basketball Falls to Florida Southern

Michael Pierce ERAU Athletics

The Embry-Riddle women’s basketball team struggled on the road once again on Saturday falling to Florida Southern 69-40 at the Moccasins Jenkins Fieldhouse. The loss puts the Eagles at 14-8, while the Mocs improved to 16-7 with the win. “We didn’t make shots tonight,” ERAU Head Coach Lisa NuxolWilson stated. “We didn’t make layups, midrange or threes, and early foul trouble and lack of inside presence defensively combined with poor shooting hurt us. I was pretty disappointed with our defense tonight. We pulled within eight in the third quarter then let them go on a huge run. We have to learn from this and be able to execute and hit shots down the stretch on the road. Florida Southern has good players who

made shots consistently and they executed well. They really dominated the paint and had some bench players step up for them. We need to get tough and be more consistent on the road down the stretch of conference play.” The Eagles were just 30.4 percent (17-of-56) from the field on the way to their second-lowest scoring output of the year. Tara Fields was the only Eagle player in double figures with 12 points and seven rebounds. The Mocs, who were consistent in their per-period output with 17 points per quarter in the first three periods and 18 in the fourth, were 61.7 percent (29-of47) from the field. Anja Fuchs-Robertin paced the FSC offense with 13 points, while Anissa Toumi and Camille Giardana added 11 and 10 points, respectively.

vs Florida Southern: 69 Both teams traded baskets through much of the first quarter until the 2:03 mark when a pair of layups gave the Mocs a 12-8 advantage at the 2:03 mark. Sigrid Sandstrom answered with a three on the Eagles’ next possession and an Ashley McWilliams layup tied things up at 13-13 with 1:14 left in the quarter, but the Mocs closed out the period on a 4-0 run to take a 17-13 lead into the second. With two of the season’s leading scorers in Lauren Ellenberger and Fields sitting on the bench with foul trouble, the Eagles

ERAU: 40

struggled offensively in the second, allowing the Mocs to open up a 34-20 advantage at the half. The start of the third saw the Blue and Gold go on a 10-4 run to narrow the gap to eight points (38-30), but that was a close as the Eagles would

get as they went without scoring a point in the last 6:46 of the period and were outscored 18-10 by Florida Southern in the final frame. The Eagles will be back at the ICI Center on Wednesday to host Nova Southeastern at 5:30 p.m.

Zachary Fedewa/ The Avion Newspaper ERAU’s # 13, Tara Fields guarding against and attemting to pass by one of Southern’s players

Lubelski Breaks Another School Record on First Day of Samford Invitational

Michael Pierce ERAU Athletics

The Embry-Riddle men’s track and field team opened the Samford Invitational on Friday with a handful of Eagles competing. Brodie Lubelski, who recently broke the school record in the shot put, posted a new school record in the weight throw to highlight the day’s competiion. Lubelski posted a mark of 15.93m in the weight throw to establish ERAU’s new record in the event. Zach Farner was close behind with a distance of 15.68m, a mark that would’ve become the new school record if not for Lubelski’s throw. Luis Rivera also set a personal best in the event, throwing a distance of 12.11m. On the track, Lonnie Marts set a personal record in the 200m with a time of 22.31 while Noah Kemp (15:31.26) and Brian Cheluget (15:50.89) each setting PR’s in the the 5000m, with Kemp earning a fifth-place finish in the event. The Eagles will be back on the track at the Birmingham Crossplex to wrap up the Samford Invitational tomorrow.

Zachary Fedewa/ The Avion Newspaper Noah Kemp, a member of the ERAU Men’s Track & Field Team in a race at the Samford invitational


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Entertainment

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The Lego Batman Movie Review Henry Neiberlien News Editor The Lego Movie of 2014 is one of my favorite movies of all time; it has a special magic that makes you feel like a kid again and can at times be as emotional as animated classics such as Toy Story. One of the best characters in the film was their interpretation of Batman, voiced by Will Arnett. This year, a spinoff of The Lego Movie, The Lego Batman Movie, stars the Dark Knight himself and it is one of the greatest Batman movies of all time. Its attention to detail, self-references, fourth wall breaks, and attention to detail are fantastic. The gags and jokes happen so often I found

myself constantly laughing until my abdominal muscles were sore. Recent animated comedies and adult comedy films seem terrible in comparison to this movie. The humor is targeted to both adults and children, and sometimes and you have to pay attention, or you will miss some of the best quips and quotes. The movie also turns into one of the best relationship movies ever, teaching a valuable lesson to children and adults about what it means to be family. The movie seemed to come out of nowhere to me, and I honestly did not know what to expect when going to the theater. However, I am pleased to say it one of the

most hilarious, entertaining, and meaningful films of the year so far. You do not even need to be really into comics or a big DC fan to enjoy this movie. There are jokes for all ages and all demographics. If you love LEGO, like a fun, feel good film once in a while, need to de-stress, and want to laugh endlessly, please get yourself a ticket to go and see The Lego Batman Movie. It blew my expectations out of the water. At times, it is even better than the film it is a spinoff of. It is a film that will make you relive the best parts of your childhood and feel fantastic the whole 104-minute roller coaster ride that is The Lego Batman Movie.

The Lego Batman Movie

Pocasts to Fill Your Free Time (Part 2) Andrew Bronshteyn Webmaster I first really noticed PFT when he appeared on an episode of “Wits” (a podcast talked about in Part One) that I watched live in St. Paul with my dad and sister. Then I started noticing him more in other episodes of “Wits,” and I just loved his form of comedy. So, when he appeared as the character Frank Doyle in an episode where “Wits” paired with “The Thrilling Adventure Hour,” I checked out this other podcast. “The Thrilling Adventure Hour” or TAH, is a recently discontinued podcast with over 250 episodes usually ranging between 25 minutes and one hour. It was a live scripted comedy

show in the style of oldtime radio, where the actors read the script in front of a microphone. This show is my favorite podcast that no longer updates, and it had a lot going for it. The live show ran for a total of ten years, with the shows being recorded and put into podcast form since January 2011. With the last episode on Christmas day, 2016. There may be the occasional new episode every few months or so, but they are from the backlog and will soon run out. There are two main series within TAH, and those are Beyond Belief and Sparks Nevada, Marshal on Mars. There are also plenty of smaller series such as Captain Laserbeam, The Cross-Time Adventures

of Colonel Tick-Tock, and Amelia Earhart, Fearless Flyer. These smaller series I will not cover for brevity. Beyond Belief is a show with Paul F. Tompkins and Paget Brewster playing the main characters Frank and Sadie Doyle, the "married mediums." The show pokes fun at classical supernatural stories such as "The Twilight Zone," genies, and Peter Pan. These episodes don't have an over-arching plot between episodes, making them easy to listen to out of order. I do recommend listening to them in order, however, as they sometimes reference jokes from earlier episodes. This series tends to be the favorite for people new to TAH, as it is easier to jump right into the

humor of it. Sparks Nevada is a great show once you get used to the plot of the show (which may take two or three episodes to lock down). I’m currently re-listening to all the TAH episodes, and because Sparks Nevada has the only real over-arching plot of all the different shows, it makes them nice to re-listen. Start listening to TAH from the earliest episodes to the most recent. If you get hooked by the series, then I suggest skipping over the episodes from the series called Tales from the Black Lagoon. I don’t know what it is about that series, but it is the only non-entertaining series in the “Thrilling Adventure Hour.” For the final podcast in

this article, I would like to leave off on my favorite podcast that is still updating: “Spontaneanation.” Yes, the name is a bit of a mouthful, but it is simply a combination between spontaneous and nation. This podcast is an improvisational comedy show with host PFT, a special guest, and (usually) three guest improvisers. It's a brilliant show (which you don't have to listen in order), with just over 100 episodes. A new episode comes weekly and is usually between an hour and 1.5 hours. Out of the hundred-ish episodes, I would only say that two or three were ‘mediocre’ every other episode is between good and awesome. The show is about onehalf interview, one-half improvisation. I recom-

mend jumping into this podcast headfirst with the earliest podcast and listening to the backlog of episodes. This show will pass the time by like no other. Episode six is a perfect example of when the series finds its footing and shines. If the first episode isn't your thing, try out episode six: "Dracula's Bedroom." That episode is widley acclaimed as the first ‘great’ episode as it had improvised musical numbers in addition to a funny plot. I hope these podcasts entertain you as much as they entertain me. "TAH" and "Spontaneanation" both have a special place in my heart ("NPR Politics" is good, but it's not place-in-myheart material). Remember; don't knock it ‘till you try it.


D3 Entertainment Touch Bar Banned From The Bar

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Madaline Eitniear Staff Reporter When Apple announced the new MacBook Pro, the company focused on one major new feature- the Touch Bar. The Touch Bar replaced the row of function keys at the top of the keyboard and instead it is a small screen that allows the user to interact with the page in different ways depending on what application is open at the time. As excited as Apple was to unveil this new feature, other entities are eager to make the Touch Bar their own as well. Software companies are finding different

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ways to integrate the Touch Bar, and individual users are finding creative ways to suit the bar to their own purposes. Some people can even use the bar to play Doom (the first-person shooter game), and there is a Space Fighter app that links to the bar as well. While the Touch Bar can be customized to make various tasks easier, it also comes with a few standard features that people are used to, including predictive text. This feature is something that many people have on their phones already, but it is not something that ExamSoft, the company that

issues the Bar Exam for lawyers, will allow people to use while testing. While other companies are finding ways to include the Touch Bar, ExamSoft has ruled that the predictive text function could be used to cheat on the bar exam coming up this month and

the company has banned the use of the Touch Bar on their exam. This decision has caused states to create their own protocols for what to do if someone attempts to take the exam with a MacBook Pro that has a Touch Bar. In seven states, including New York and Col-

orado, the laptops have already been banned completely, and test-takers have the option to write their answers down by hand or to re-download the software onto another machine to take the test. Other states like North Carolina have opted to go a different route, and they

only require that the Touch Bar is disabled by their staff before the test begins. The majority of states have not announced protocol for this situation as of yet, and test-takers are left wondering if they will be allowed to use their shiny new computers or not come test day.

YOUR VOICE MATTERS  

YOUR VOICE MATTERS  

SGA TOWN HALL WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 15 5:30 PM – 7:30 PM HENDERSON WELCOME CENTER Questions?    Contact  Dustin  Gibson  (sgapres@erau.edu)  

SGA TOWN HALL WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 15 5:30 PM – 7:30 PM Photo Courtesy: AlexBor Apple’s new Touch bar is located at the top of the keyboard and is often referred to as the “emoji bar.”

HENDERSON WELCOME CENTER Questions?    Contact  Dustin  Gibson  (sgapres@erau.edu)  

Trashy Chef: The Trashiest Chef Yet Devin Edwards Advertising Manager Well, we are back in school, and that means we need to spice things up food wise. I am sure already that most people after a week are already sick and tired of Sodexo. I know I am and I need some new ideas to make at my dorm. The only problem is all we have is a microwave. Well, the Trashy Chef is here to change that. This week we bring you some new ideas to cook in the microwave. The first dish we made this week was Grilled Chicken Penne Al Fresco. Ingredients:

1) 4 garlic cloves, peeled 2) 2 cups cherry tomatoes 3) 3 cups uncooked penne pasta 4) 4 cups chicken broth 5) ½ tsp each salt and coarsely ground black pepper 6) 2 cups mozzarella cheese 7) 2 cups diced grilled chicken breast; you can buy already precooked chicken at the grocery store Instructions: 1) Mince the garlic and place in the dish. 2) Add the tomatoes and then cook it in the microwave on high for 4-5 minutes. Once done, crush the tomatoes. 3) Add pasta, broth, salt and black pepper. 4) Place back in the

microwave on high 16-18 minutes or until the pasta is tender. Make sure to stir after ten minutes. 5) Add cheese and chicken. Add basil and mix. I personally loved this dish, and it was amazing. Everyone and their grandma needs to try this dish. I say it was a 10 out of 5 but the rating only goes up to 5, so it is just 5 out of 5. The second dish we made was Risotto. Ingredients: 1) 3 tablespoons butter 2) 1 clove garlic, minced 3) 1 onion chopped 4) 1 cup of uncooked Arborio rice

5) ¾ white wine; but just use apple juice it worked just as well 6) ¼ cup grated parmesan cheese Instructions: 1) Place the butter, garlic and onion into the bowl. Place in microwave for 3 minutes. 2) Place vegetable broth in another bowl and place bowl in microwave for 2 minutes. 3) Stir the rice into the broth and then add it to the other bowl with the garlic, butter and onion in it. 4) Stir the wine or apple juice and then cook on high for 10 minutes. Once done add the parmesan cheese and you are finished.

I enjoyed this dish. I would not say it was as good as the Chicken Penne, but it was good so I say a 4 out of 5. We decided to do a desert as well this week, and we wanted to do fudge. Ingredients: 1) 4 cups sugar 2) ½ cup of cocoa powder 3) ¼ cup milk 4) ½ cup of butter 5) 2 teaspoons vanilla extract Instructions: 1) Stir together the sugar and cocoa. Pour milk over mixture, but do not mix. Microwave the butter until melted. Stir the vanilla in

until smooth. 2) Then chill in the freezer for 10 minutes and cut into squares. We made a mistake and added way too much milk but honestly although it was like soup it tasted amazing, and if it came out right, I would have to give it a 4 out of 5, to be honest. Well, this was another segment of the Trashy Chef with Devin Edwards. Hope you enjoyed these ideas you can make in your microwave. We will have more for you next week in another segment of the trashy chef. Enjoy!


Comics and Games Universal Crossword Edited by Timothy Parker February 14, 2017 ACROSS  1 Sounds of disapproval  5 Relieve, as thirst 10 “Don’t change this!” (editorially) 14 Go on a tear 15 “Are ya game?” 16 Thing that’s hard to resist 17 “The Simpsons” bus driver 18 Barcelona bye-bye 19 Victor of a historic duel 20 Interpreting calendar abbreviations (Part 1) 23 Kevin of “A Fish Called Wanda” 24 90-degree headings, right? 25 Capacitance measurements 28 Like a fireplace in February 30 “What am ___?” (auction question) 31 Calf, out on the range 33 Electrify or stun 36 Interpreting calendar abbreviations (Part 2) 40 “___ be my pleasure” 41 Responded to being fleeced? 42 First name among jazz 2/14

legends 43 Dog and ___ show 44 Destroys, office-style 46 Businessperson’s crime 49 Major religion 51 Interpreting calendar abbreviations (Part 3) 57 Quite an amount 58 Follow in order 59 Itsy-bitsy thing 60 Lion’s crowning glory 61 Sulks with poked-out lips 62 Problem for a plumber 63 Word with “googly” or “bug” 64 Containing much sugar 65 Brief moments of time? DOWN  1 Arched facial feature  2 What a scout recites  3 Not duped by  4 Military prison  5 Mystic masters  6 Filled, as a ship’s hold  7 Absinthe flavor  8 Door fixture, often  9 “ ___ on Down the Road” 10 Certain sandwich chain 11 Makes level

or uniform 12 Great white heron, e.g. 13 Slender gulls with forked tails 21 Elderly and then some 22 Gigglish utterance 25 South Pacific island nation 26 Adjoin 27 Fruit peel 28 See 21-Down 29 “This is an exact quote” 31 “It’s now or never” time 32 Poem form 33 With the right skills and attitude 34 Use an acetylene torch 35 Notable times, historically 37 Your place or mine 38 Female Bobb-

sey 39 Some imaginary sea creatures 43 Golfed on a green 44 Craftiest 45 Uris novel (with “The”) 46 Part of a burning match 47 Type of race with multiple runners 48 Make up for 49 Copy of Essence magazine, e.g. 50 One way to cook onions 52 Salespeople on the road 53 Certain type of precipitation 54 Tender to the touch 55 Suffix with “psych” 56 Catches some winks

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“After my absent-mindedness resulted in a bed posterboard-related stomachache, I learned to do the sign-aking place last.”


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