The Aviator Africa 3rd Issue

Page 1


Page: 08

ICAO and WHO advise on COVID 19

COVID-19 Vs Aviation Page: 23

Page: 47

Effects of corona on Civil Aviation

Aircraft cyber attack

Your Number One Source of Aviation News


The Aviator - April 2020

28 Contents 05.. Foreword 08.. ICAO and WHO recommendations on COVID 19

EDITOR IN CHIEF Ssemawere Oscar MANAGING EDITOR Leila ismail

10.. Uganda Air traffic Controllers

EDITORIAL AND PHOTOGRAPHIC CONSULTANTS Ssemawere Oscar, Harriet James, Leila Ismail, Jagwe Clinton

20.. Mood at Entebbe Airport


10.. Aviation and COVID-19 F&A Associaion

21.. IATA On Passenger Ticket Refunds


23.. Emirates annouces first passanger

CREATIVE TEAM Ssemawere Oscar, Mulungi Daniel

24.. Effects of corona on Civil Aviation

CREDITS • ICAO • IATA • Maximillian PhilberthKalukamisa&IddiMshana • EMIRATES • AIRBUS

flight post suspension

28.. Grounded Aircraft due to COVID-19 30.. Airbus to Produce 3D Printed Visors in Covid 19 Fight

32.. History of the airplane 35.. Trump's Private Jet 37.. Future Flight Innovations 39.. Aircraft Cyber Attack

Advertising and Editorial Equiries Unit 19 CS, Shumuk House Plot2 Colvile Street, Kampala. P. O. Box 6715, Kampala +256 393 515 148, +256 774 590 637

41.. Kenya Aviation Contacts 43.. Uganda Aviation Contacts The Aviator Uganda @theavaitorug @aviatorug


Your Number one Source Aviation News The Aviator - April 2020




The Aviator - April 2020


ICAO & WHO Joint Statement on COVID-19


n 31 December 2019, an outbreak of pneumonia of unknown etiology was reported in Wuhan City, Hubei province of the People's Republic of China. On 9 January 2020, Chinese authorities reported that the cause of this viral pneumonia was initially identified as a new coronavirus, which is different from any other human coronavirus discovered so far. The disease has subsequently been named as COVID-19. Following the advice provided by the Emergency Committee convened under the International Health Regulations (IHR (2005)), on 30 January 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak of COVID-19 to constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) and issued a set of Temporary Recommendations. WHO is working closely with global experts, governments and partners to understand this new virus, to track its spread and virulence, and to provide advice to countries

Dr Fang Liu Secretary General International Civil Aviation Organization

and the global community on measures to protect health and prevent the spread of this outbreak. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) issued two electronic bulletins and a State letter to highlight ICAO's role in providing aviation-related information on COVID-19, and in serving as the key facilitator for States and organizations that are members of the ICAO Collaborative Arrangement for the Prevention and Management of Public Health Events

in Civil Aviation (CAPSCA) programme to implement effective collaboration and coordination with all stakeholders. ICAO is also working with governments and industry partners, such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and Airport Council International (ACI), to provide guidance to aviation authorities, airlines and airports on appropriate measures aimed to protect the health of the travelling public and reduce the risk of transmission.

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ICAO and WHO remind alt stakeholders of the importance of following existing regulations and guidance, particularly the relevant standards contained within the various Annexes to the Convention on International Civil Aviation and the International Health Regulations (2005). Crosssector collaboration at the national level is also important, and in this regard, States are reminded to coordinate between aviation and health authorities and to establish National Facilitation Committees that comprise all relevant groups, in line with ICAO guidelines. WHO has advised countries to institute public health measures proportionate to the public health risks and consistent with the International Health Regulations (IHR (2005)). WHO has also underlined the importance of travellers' awareness in preventing the transmission of COVID-19. Building from past experiences with communicable disease outbreaks, WHO, ICAO and aviation industry organizations have developed extensive guidelines, toolkits and response plans to support governments, passengers, and the aviation industry in mitigating risks. Intense international cooperation and coordination, between governments and other agencies as well as between the public and private sectors, is on-going and should be strengthened as needed going fomard International



The Aviator - April 2020


Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus Director-General World Health Organization

Organization W o r l d Health Organization Useful links: • WHO, Outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) • WHO advice for international traffic in relation to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus WHO,

Management of ill travellers at Points of Entry — international airports, seaports and ground crossings — in the context of COVID-19 outbreak • ICAO COVID-19 Facilitation website • ICAO CAPSCA website • IATA Emergency Response Guidelines.

Dr Fang Liu Secretary General International Civil Aviation Organization

Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus Director-General World Health Organization

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ICAO and WHO Coronavirus recommendations ICAO ICAO reminds national governments of their obligation under the International Health Regulations (IHR) to inform the WHO of their public health rationales and justifications when implementing additional health measures that may significantly interfere with international traffic, within 48 hours of their implementation


The Aviator - April 2020

By Anthony Philbin


n light of the increasing number of cancelled and rerouted flights now arising due to Coronavirus fears, as well as the implementation of additional travel measures for passengers, ICAO wishes to encourage all governments and airlines to keep informed of the latest travel and health recommendations being issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) and follow these recommendations. Updated




News recommendations, in addition to related bulletins issued by ICAO, the CDC, and other regional and international aviation organizations, are all freely accessible to any officials or the general public through the ICAO CAPSCA Coronavirus web page. ICAO would further remind national governments of their obligation under the International Health Regulations (IHR) to inform the WHO of their public health rationales and justifications when implementing additional health measures that may significantly interfere with international traffic, within 48 hours of their implementation. We support its calls to all countries not to impose restrictions inconsistent with the International Health Regulations, and for more rapid collaboration between the public and private sectors to develop the diagnostics, medicines, and vaccines we need to bring this outbreak under control. WHO guidance material is based on expert and reliable information, and informed by the need to maintain a sustainable and supportive

WHO guidance material is based on expert and reliable information, and informed by the need to maintain a sustainable and supportive environment in the face of associated health and travel risks.

with the International Health Regulations and facilities required for public health measures at airports; Annex 11 – regarding contingency plans in the event of potential disruption of services; Annex 14 – regarding aerodrome emergency plan for public health emergencies; Annex 15 – regarding requirements for flight crew advisories; and PANS-ATM – regarding procedures for reporting suspected communicable diseases. Resources for Editors About ICAO

environment in the face of associated health and travel risks. Exceeding its recommendations without having conducted an appropriate risk assessment could lead to unnecessary and negative impacts, especially for the many vulnerable or isolated populations which rely so importantly on their global aviation connections. States’ implementation of the Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) that relate to the preparedness and management of public health emergencies is essential. These are contained in: Annex 6 to the Chicago Convention regarding universal precaution kits; Annex 9 – regarding compliance

A specialized agency of the United Nations, ICAO was created in 1944 to promote the safe and orderly development of international civil aviation throughout the world. It sets standards and regulations necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency, capacity and environmental protection, amongst many other priorities. The Organization serves as the forum for cooperation in all fields of civil aviation among its 193 Member States. The Aviator - April 2020



Aviation and COVID-19 FAQs Diseases such as COVID-19 pose a risk to the travelling public because they can be transmitted between humans. Diseases such as COVID-19 pose a risk to the travelling public because they can be transmitted between humans. Therefore, it is important that all involved stakeholders assist in limiting its spread by air transport. ICAO, WHO, IATA, TIACA and ACI have worked in close cooperation in the development of this single source for aviation-specific guidelines with the objective of ensuring appropriate planning and action at all levels in order to mitigate the effects of a human outbreak. Q&A for States, Air Transport Operators and the General Public Q&A for ICAO Member States

Q2: How can a State coordinate air transport 2. A National Air Transport facilitation matters at the Facilitation Programme national level? or similar body must also are obliged to be in place that clarifies States National Air roles and responsibilities establish Facilitation of all relevant government Transport agencies and ministries and Committees to coordinate other stakeholders for the broad policy issues including prevention of the spread responses to public health of disease, as per ICAO emergencies of international Doc10042 Model National concern. The success of Air Transport Facilitation such a committee requires the active participation Programme. of relevant Government WHO.

Q1: What do ICAO standards require in terms of organization when States respond to communicable diseases of international concern such as COVID-19? 1. A National Aviation Plan that references planning for an outbreak of communicable diseases must be in place. It should follow the guidance provided by ICAO and preparedness guidance available from the


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Q&A ministries and/or agencies such as customs, immigration, civil aviation authorities, foreign affairs, agriculture/environment, quarantine and public health. Q3: Should States restrict international travel into or out of their territory? ICAO requires that "Contracting States shall not prevent an aircraft from calling at any international airport for public health reasons" unless such action is taken in accordance with the International Health Regulations (2005) of the World Health Organization. WHO evidence provides some support for short-term measures that might interfere with international traffic at the early containment phase of an outbreak. However, longer-term restrictions are normally not effective once appropriate containment measures are in place. Article 43 of the International Health Regulations precise that States must inform WHO about additional health measures that significantly interfere with international traffic. Q4: Are there regulatory principles that should guide a State’s response to COVID-19? Article 22 of the Chicago Convention establishes that States should normally prevent unnecessary delays to aircraft, crews, passengers and cargo. Thus, any implementation of restrictive measures should be necessary based on a clear assessment of

risk. At the same time, any such measures should be effective in line with the Chicago Convention and ICAO Assembly Resolution A35-12. Q5: What are some of the practical steps that a State should consider taking in order to respond to COVID-19? 1. The State should convene meetings of both the National Air Transport Facilitation Committee and the Airport Facilitation Committee (or similar coordinating bodies) to consider the situation and any actions aimed at mitigating the risk of COVID-19 spreading through international civil aviation. When necessary, it should consult WHO. 2. The State should designate a focal point of contact for communication with other States and the World

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Health Organization regarding the implementation of the relevant provisions of the International Health Regulations (2005) 3. Protocols for responding to all notifications and reports from operators related to possible instances of communicable diseases should be assessed and made known to relevant stakeholders. All necessary channels of communication should be fully active. 4. National aviation authorities need to be fully involved in the planning process to ensure that their expertise is available to the national public health authority. 5. In addition to WHO guidelines, States should also consider ICAO general preparedness guidelines.


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Q6: What is the role of ICAO in terms of the COVID-19 outbreak? How does ICAO interact with the World Health Organization, the International Air Transport Association, Airports Council International and other partners? ICAO coordinates and provides guidance and information. ICAO and WHO work closely together. ICAO facilitates information sharing with and amongst Member States of CAPSCA, as well as IATA, ACI, EACCC, EASA, CDC and the FAA. All relevant and confirmed information is published on the CAPSCA website (link to CAPSCA site). Further information on the role of ICAO in managing and mitigating disease outbreaks is available here.


Q7: What is CAPSCA?

that authorities endeavor to remain fully updated on all guidance CAPSCA, the Collaborative material and remain flexible to Arrangement for the Prevention adapt the measures that they have and management of public health implemented as appropriate. This events in civil aviation, is an ICAO- dedicated COVID-19 page provides led initiative to bring together fully-up-to-date information on international, regional, national guidance related to COVID-19 and and local organizations in order international civil aviation as well to combine efforts and develop a as daily statistics on developments, coordinated approach in this space. including links to regularly-updated Relevant state organizations are WHO, ACI and IATA websites. encouraged to join CAPSCA should they not already have done so in Q9 : Where can I find further order to be prepared for public information on COVID-19 relevant for states? health events such as COVID-19.

COVID-19 pendamic that has put down the aviation operation

Q8: How can I stay informed The WHO is the primary coordinating about developments related to Agency at international level for all aspects of the COVID-19 response. COVID-19? Their dedicated webpage provides The depth and extent of knowledge information targeting states as well on COVID-19 is continually increasing. as other authorities and the general With this in mind, it is important public. To Page 14 >> The Aviator - April 2020


Q&A << From Page 13

For further aviation-specific information on COVID-19 , please contact the ICAO Facilitation team at Q &A Air Transport Operators

Q1: What is the protocol for reporting a suspected case of communicable disease on-board?

Q2: What are the appropriate procedures regarding disinfection of aircraft? Aircraft operators should follow the guidance established by States as well as established national regulatory requirements on aircraft disinfection and use compounds possessing suitable germicidal properties appropriate to the suspected infectious agent. Operators should also assist States in their obligation to ensure that where there is contamination of surfaces or equipment of the aircraft by any bodily fluids including excreta, the contaminated areas and used equipment or tools are disinfected.

The pilot-in-command of an aircraft carrying a suspected case of communicable disease is required to report such an event to air traffic control. The Declaration of Health should be used. Operator protocols and procedures, in addition to health-related legal requirements of the countries of departure and/ Q3: Who should disinfect an or destination, may also need to be aircraft and clear it for a return to operations? followed. It is also recommended that the Public Health Passenger Locator Card be used to trace potentially exposed travellers suspected of being exposed to a communicable disease on board an aircraft


The Aviator - April 2020

The disinfection must be carried out expeditiously by cleaners wearing suitable personal protective equipment.

Q&A Q4: Is there specific equipment that should be available on aircraft for managing incidents of ill health? Aircraft must carry accessible and adequate medical supplies. Additionally, universal precaution kits should be made available at times of increased public health risk, such as during an outbreak of a serious communicable disease. Cabin crew must be fully trained on the use of this equipment in accordance with ICAO Doc 10002. Q5: What actions should pilots who are denied landing in states do if they have suspected cases? Pilots should follow standard Operator Protocols in such instances. Q6: Where can I find further information on COVID-19 relevant for aircraft operators? IATA provide information relevant for aircraft operators. Q &A For Other Airport Operators

Q1: Q. How can the airport operator remain aware of and involved in evolution of policy development during the COVID-19 outbreak? States are obliged to establish a National Airport Committee or similar body to coordinate facilitation activities. It is a forum for dialogue with other organizations of the state on matters including the response to communicable disease outbreaks. Q2: Are aerodromes required to undertake emergency planning for public health emergencies?

Aerodrome operators must undertake such planning. Standards and Recommended Practices on aerodrome emergency planning include provision for public health emergencies. All existing agencies that could be of assistance in responding to an emergency must participate in such planning.

A doctor preparing to attend to a COVID-19 patient

Q3: Should I implement entry screening at airports in my country? Entry screening, e.g. by monitoring temperatures of arriving passengers from affected areas, can detect some cases of COVID-19. Thus, entry screening could be a component of state plans to avoid import of the virus. Generally, such screening should be a component of the state's National Air Transport Facilitation Programme. Q4: Where can I find further information on COVID-19 relevant for airport operators? ACI provide information relevant for airport operators.

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Q&A soap and water or alcoholic hand rub. ICAO standards dictate that aircraft must Q1: What is ICAO’s role in be equipped with a universal precaution kit for the use the response to COVID-19? of cabin crew members in The International Civil managing incidents of ill Aviation Organization health associated with a case (ICAO) is a UN specialized of suspected communicable agency, established by disease and that crew are States in 1944 to manage suitably trained in the use the administration and of these kits. Thus, cabin governance of the Convention crew have the tools and on International Civil Aviation training necessary to ensure (Chicago Convention). It is prevention of infection while responsible, inter alia, for travelling. the coordination of global agreements on standards and Q3: What should I do if I recommended practices in think I was on a flight with air travel. As communicable an infected person? diseases can sometimes spread internationally based Flight crews are highly on international people trained and knowledgeable movements facilitated by about dealing with all cases of civil aviation, ICAO has suspected infectious diseases worked for many years on the on board a flight, including establishment of appropriate suspected cases of COVID-19. measures in the domain of Should a traveler be suspected air travel that can contain of harboring an infectious and/or detect such spread. disease, crew will normally ICAO holds an extensive body ensure that all passengers complete a of guidance material and necessary operates a robust regulatory 'Passenger Locator Form'. framework that is currently Passengers provide their helping Member States to contact details therein which allows for subsequent followdeal with COVID-19. up if necessary. Standards Q2: Q. How can I prevent dictate that kits containing all necessary equipment infection while travelling? to protect all travelers are The travelling public at available on every plane. large should practice good standard hygiene practices. Q4: Is it a good idea to Such practices include travel by air given the covering your mouth and nose COVID-19 outbreak? while coughing or sneezing, thoroughly and regularly Given that: washing your hands with • aircraft cabins have highly Q &A for the general public


The Aviator - April 2020

effective HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) filter systems that remove airborne virus particles • aircraft are disinfected between flights if needed in accordance with ICAO standards • procedures have been implemented to mitigate the spread of disease during air travel • the current likelihood of contracting the virus while on flights is extremely low. Q5: Can I protect myself and other travelers during the outbreak? In order to protect others, anyone who has been exposed to the risk of COVID-19 in any way should consult with medical professionals and authorities in advance of travelling. This is the case in particular if you have recently travelled to badlyaffected areas and/or have had contact with someone who has been diagnosed as being infected with COVID-19 in the previous 14 days. Q6: Where can I find further information on COVID-19? The World Health Organization provides reference material on COVID-19. Q7 : What States affected by COVID-19?


The WHO maintain up-todate information on global cases of COVID-19.


Uganda Air Traffic Controllers Association (UGATCA) a Control tower, where Controllers are stationed to have a wide view of the entire airport. There are also other Control rooms for provision of ATC to Approach Traffic and traffic on the Airways. The Control Tower is fitted with VHF radios for communication with the pilots and other groundbased agencies. Similar radios are fitted in the flight deck of an aircraft for use by the pilots in communication.

Female controllers in tower


hen one thinks of air transport, they often think of the pilots, the cabin crew and probably the airport officials who stamp passports, the last people one thinks about are those guiding the planes on and off the tarmac, who are an extremely vital part of air transport. Air Traffic Controllers are in constant communication with the pilots by use of radios giving instructions, clearances and advice to pilots to ensure safety, expedition, and proper flow of flights. The job involves guiding

aircraft that are landing, taking off and those that are air borne. An Air Traffic Controller handles multiple aircraft at a time within the designated airspace to ensure that they fly safely. Communication with pilots is made in English, using the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) language code / phraseology. This is to ensure proper communication between the pilot and the Air Traffic Controller (ATCO). The Control Tower At every airport is a raised tower-like building called

Safety is Priority ATCOs always have to be on their A-game, making sure flights take off and land safely, as lives are at stake. The Controllers, in order to facilitate aircraft movements day and night, have to work in shiftsin order to reduce the fatigue. Air traffic control is considered one of the verytense jobs due to the small safety margins to be upheld at all times. This leads to build up of fatigue. ATCOs are human, they may err,but this is very, very rare and certain safety nets are put in place to cover for such human factors for example the ‘four-eye principle’ where there are always two equally qualified Controllers on a position to supplement each other’s situational awareness. Pilots usually have confidence in us ATCOs, and we also deliver because we are well learned about our responsibility.

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Airspace and weather knowledge is key.

using the Global Positioning System (GPS) navigator.

Our job entails engaging more of the brain than the muscle; one can imagine a single brain operating a multitude of planes. This starts at the training that we undergo to qualify as air traffic controllers. The training is so intense, and one has to be cautious when giving instructions because any error can result in massive loss of lives and equipment.

ATC involves coordination with the neighbouring countries, keeping them informed of traffic estimates and any changes thereto. On exiting the airspace of a given country, the aircraft will immediately contact the Controllers in the next country, and this goes on until it reaches its destination. Controllers also co-ordinate Search and Rescue Operations with relevant units e.g. military, Police, Government agencies, marine local authorities, game rangers etc and participate in Incident Investigations and Reporting.

Up in the sky are “roads”. They are termed as airways. They are created by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) in coordination with the countries concerned. Domestic flyers do not normally use these routes.They are capable of flying to their destinations by


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Qualifications To qualify for ATC training, one has to have passed well in subjects such as Mathematics, Geography,

and Physics at O-Level. Also required is a science-based combination for A-Level, with Principal Passes. For University, a degree of science in Mathematics or Physics is preferred. Other science-based degrees are considered if there are mathematical course units done. There is a requirement to have a specific proficiency level of the English language and pass routine medical examinations. Training in the aviation field is ongoing. Licensing Like pilots, controllers are issued with ATC licenses, which are supposed to be renewed regularly. This is done by doing knowledge tests in the English language and routine medical examination. This is also carried out when one obtains a new control rating. The first


license obtained is for the aerodrome Control rating. Summarily, it takes about two years to become a licensed Controller.After this, there are four more ratings including; Approach procedural, Approach Surveillance, A r e a / A i r w a y s procedural control and En-route control surveillance which can be obtained over time. Training. Currently, in East Africa the aviation schools that offer ATC training are; EastAfrica School of aviation (EASA) – Nairobi Civil Aviation Training Centre (CATC) – Dar es Salaam Moriah Aviation Training Centre (MATC) inNkumba-Entebbe which is in the process of certification by Uganda Civil Aviation Authority to offer ATC training. To put this in perspective, after aviation school, there is a mandatory period of not less than six months where one works under a qualified controller’s license as he or she attains the required experience to obtaintheir own.

THE UGANDA AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS’ ASSOCIATION (UGATCA) In Uganda, Controllers have a professional body, the Uganda Air Traffic Controllers Association (UGATCA) whose mission is to ‘Protect and Safeguard the interests of the Air Traffic Control Profession in Uganda’. UGATCA is an affiliate of International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers’ Associations (IFATCA) www.ifatca.orgwhich brings together about 60,000 controllers worldwide. Some of UGATCA’s objectives include; To improve, professionalize and promote the Air Traffic Control profession in Uganda. To give insight to the general public on issues pertaining to air navigation in general and Air Traffic Control in particular. To facilitate exchange of ideas with relevant associations within Uganda and internationally. To afford a forum for discussion of aviation problems at large with

Control Tower

particular emphasis on Air Traffic Control especially those affecting Uganda, and make the results of such discussions and proposals known to the appropriate authorities, thereafter ensure that they are implemented for the benefit of its members, the public and advancement of Aviation generally. To be ready to offer advice to organizations or individuals on matters which fall within the Air Traffic Control field. To engage in social and/or charitable causes in line with promoting UGATCA’s cause. To liaise with, make contacts with and sign agreements with any entity, local or international for purposes of attaining the Association’s objectives. To do all such other things consistent with attaining the Association objectives.

The Aviator - April 2020


Entebbe Airport

Mood at Entebbe Airport


The Aviator - April 2020

Entebbe Airport

IATA on Passenger Ticket Refunds During COVID-19 Crisis


n this time of profound crisis, the hearts and thoughts of everyone at IATA are with those on the front line performing heroic efforts to heal the sick and stop the spread of COVID-19. The necessary steps to do this are painful—with vast parts of the planet under varying degrees of lockdown. The COVID-19 crisis is a human and health tragedy. It has also become an economic crisis. The world faces a sharp and deep recession as economic activity slows.

Nowhere is this more visible than in the rows of airplanes parked at airports with nowhere to go. A thriving industry, connecting the world with 4.5 billion passenger journeys and transporting 60 million tonnes of freight a year, has been brought to a shuddering halt. Aviation is fully behind government efforts to fight this contagion. But that has severe consequences for the airline industry, the 2.7 million people who are

Alexandre de Juniac, IATA Director General and CEO

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paid for a service that cannot be delivered. And in normal circumstances, repayment would not be an issue. But these are not normal circumstances. There is very little money If airlines refund the $35 coming into the industry. billion immediately, that And with two million will be the end of many flight cancellations airlines. And with that an already, a huge number of enormous number of jobs travelers have had their will also disappear. trips disrupted. Airlines are doing their best to So what’s to be done? find solutions for their customers. But in this The simple answer is that totally unprecedented airlines need time. And situation, there are no that is why I am supporting airlines (and our partners easy solutions. in the travel and tourism Every day there are sector) in their request stories in the media for governments to delay requirement for about airline layoffs. And the behind the scenes airlines immediate refunds. We desperately are trying to propose vouchers that preserve jobs and stay could be used for future travel or refunded once solvent. we are out of this crisis But there is a very harsh period. This would buy economic reality setting the industry vital time in. Airlines cannot cut to breathe—surviving the costs fast enough. And crisis so that they are with the $35 billion owed ready to fly when better to travelers for flights that days arrive. could not or cannot take place, airlines face an That’s our proposal to imminent depletion of the travelers. But it is not cash they need, not just just their understanding to maintain employment, that we need. Our travel but ensure that they will agent partners are caught the airlines be around to support the between economic revival when and consumers. We are the COVID-19 crisis is over. reaching out to them to create a structure Passengers have the right for managing a voucher to get their money. They system that will be good directly employed by airlines, and the 65.5 million jobs in the value chain that aviation supports.


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4.5b Passengers A thriving industry, connecting the world with 4.5 billion passenger journeys and transporting 60 million tonnes of freight a year, has been brought to a shuddering halt

for consumers, agents and the airlines. I know that this is far from ideal. But the alternative is even worse. Without this flexibility, airlines will collapse, and jobs will disappear. Accepting a voucher or delayed refund today will mean that the airlines will be around for when we have our freedom to travel restored. I wish you all, wherever you are, health and comfort during this very difficult time. Stay strong.


Emirates announces first passenger flights post suspension the safety and wellbeing of our crew and customers at every step of the journey. We continuously review the situation and will announce any additional services as they become available.” Emirates will operate its Boeing 777-300ER aircraft on these routes, offering seats in Business and Economy class. Flights can be booked by eligible passengers on Travel restrictions are in place at these destinations, and travellers are urged to check entry criteria before they fly. • Approvals obtained to fly passengers outbound from the UAE to some destinations from 06 April. Initial flights to commence from Dubai to London Heathrow, Frankfurt, Paris, Zurich and Brussels • Stringent entry restrictions remain in place at these destinations as well as others across the world; travellers advised to check before travel • Safety and wellbeing of customers and crew remain Emirates’ top priorities.


ubai, UAE, 02 April 2020 – Emirates has received approvals to carry passengers on certain flights. Effective Monday 6 April, initial flights will commence from Dubai to London Heathrow, Frankfurt, Paris, Brussels and Zurich, with 4 flights a week to London Heathrow, and 3 flights a week to the other cities. Operating from Dubai International airport Terminal 2 until further notice, these flights will only carry outbound passengers from

the UAE. Emirates will also carry belly-hold cargo in both directions, supporting trade and communities with the transport of essential goods. HH Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, Chairman and Chief Executive, Emirates airline and Group said: “These initial passenger services, although limited to travellers who meet the entry requirements set by the destination countries, will be welcomed by our customers seeking to return home to their countries and families. We would like to thank the UAE government and all our partners for their support in ensuring the smooth operation of our flights. “While we hope to resume full operations as soon as possible, we acknowledge the challenges faced by many cities in dealing with the COVID-19 outbreak. Our network can only be restored with the easing of travel restrictions, and we maintain close contact with all authorities for latest updates. We are working closely with the authorities to resume our services, keeping in mind

For health and safety reasons, Emirates will operate a modified inflight service programme on these flights. Magazines and other print reading material will not be available, and while food and beverages will continue to be offered on board, packaging and presentation will be modified to reduce contact during meal service Emirates’ Lounge and Chauffeur Drive services will be temporarily unavailable during this period. All Emirates aircraft will go through enhanced cleaning and disinfection processes in Dubai, after each journey.

Valerie Tan Emirates Public Relations The Aviator - April 2020


Cover Story

Effects of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) on Civil Aviation: Economic Impact Analysis Montréal, Canada 28 March 2020

Introduction, background and situation overview


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Cover Story

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Cover Story


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Cover Story

Global Level Analysis Global level analysis presented here is still very preliminary and subject to substantial changes. More robust, comprehensive analysis with the extension till 2Q 2020 will be available shortly.

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Aircraft Grounded due to COVID-19 Uganda Airlines planes parked at Entebbe

Kenya Airways planes parked at JKIA

British Airways planes parked


The Aviator - April 2020


Southwest Airlines planes parked in Californis

American Airlines planes parked in Tulsa

West Jet planes parked

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Airbus to produce 3D-printed hospital visors in fight against Covid-19

Airbus’ plants in Spain have joined forces to produce 3D printed visor frames,


"One of the reasons I love my job is the capability we have for advanced design and quick manufacture. Overnight, we have gone from making aerospace concepts to medical equipment. This genuinely makes a difference in the fight against the More than twenty 3D pandemic and I couldn’t be printers are working day prouder of our teams working and night. Hundreds of day and night on this Airbus visors have already been project,” said Alvaro Jara, produced and dispatched to Head of Airbus Protospace, in hospitals close to the Airbus Getafe, Madrid. facilities in Spain. Airbus leverages a patented design Despite the pause of the of production to manufacture the visor majority at Airbus’ sites in Spain frames, using PLA plastics. following the Royal Decree of etafe – The majority of Airbus sites in Spain have joined forces to produce 3D printed visor frames, providing healthcare personnel with individual protection equipment in the fight against Covid-19.


The Aviator - April 2020

29 March, Airbus employees are allowed on site to continue with this essential activity. In addition, Airbus in Germany also joined the project. The Airbus Protospace Germany and the Airbus Composite Technology Centre (CTC) in Stade, together with the 3D-printing network named “Mobility goes Additive,” are now supporting this project in Spain, also coordinating the collection and transport of visors to the Madrid region. Marie-AlixDelestrade Head of Communications

The Aviator - April 2020



History of the Airplane By Semawere Oscar


he dream of flying is as old as mankind itself. However, the concept of the airplane has only been around for two centuries. Before that time, men and women tried to navigate the air by imitating the birds. They built wings to strap onto their arm or machines with flapping wings called ornithopters. On the surface, it seemed like a good plan. After all, there are plenty of birds in the air to show that the concept does work. The trouble is, it works better at bird-scale than it does at the much larger scale needed to lift both a man and a machine off the ground. So folks began to look for other ways to fly. Beginning in 1783, a few aeronauts made daring, uncontrolled flights in lighter-than-air balloons, filled with either hot air or hydrogen gas. But this was hardly a practical way to fly. There was no way to get from here to there unless the wind was blowing in the desired direction. It wasn’t until the turn of the nineteenth century that an English baronet from the gloomy moors of


The Aviator - April 2020

1490 Leonardo DaVinci's plan for a man-carrying ornithopter with flapping wings.

Yorkshire conceived a flying machine with fixed wings, a propulsion system, and movable control surfaces. This was the fundamental concept of the airplane. Sir George Cayley also built the first true airplane — a kite mounted on a stick with a movable tail. It was crude, but it proved his idea worked, and from that first humble glider evolved the amazing machines that have taken us to the edge of space at speeds faster than sound. This wing of the museum focuses on the early history of the airplane, from its conception in 1799 to the years just before World War

I. Because we are a museum of pioneer aviation, we don’t spend a great deal of time on those years after Orville Wright closed the doors of the Wright Company in 1916. We concentrate on the development of the airplane before it was commonplace, when flying machines were odd contraptions of stick, cloth, and wire; engines were temperamental and untrustworthy; and pilots were never quite sure whether they’d be able to coax their machine into the air or bring it down in one piece. 1490 Leonardo DaVinci's plan for a man-carrying ornithopter with flapping wings


1783 Montgolfier hot-air balloon.

The Century before In 1799, Sir George Cayley defined the forces of lift and drag and presented the first scientific design for a fixed-wing aircraft. Building on his pioneering work in aeronautics, scientists and engineers began designing and testing airplanes. A young boy made the first manned flight in a glider designed by Cayley in 1849. In 1874, Felix duTemple made the first attempt at powered flight by hopping off the end of a ramp in a steam-driven monoplane. Other scientists, such as Francis Wenham and Horatio Phillips studied cambered wing designs mounted in wind tunnels and on whirling arms. Finally in 1894, Sir Hiram Maxim made a successful takeoff (but a woefully uncontrolled flight) in a biplane "test rig." At the same time, Otto Lilienthal made the first controlled flights, shifting his body weight to steer a small glider. Inspired by his success, Wilbur and Orville Wright experiment

1799 Sir George Cayley's plan for a fixed-wing aircraft.

with aerodynamic surfaces to control an airplane in flight. Their work leads them to make the first controlled, sustained, powered flights on December 17, 1903 in Kitty Hawk, North

Carolina. The Aerial Steam Carriage, conceived by William Henson in 1843, was the first aircraft design to show propellers.

In 1874, Felix du Temple made the first attempt at manned flight in a powered aircraft. He was not successful.

The Aviator - April 2020


Airlines The Decade After Immediately after the Wright Brothers make their first powered flights in 1903, they begin to develop their experimental aircraft into a marketable product. By 1905 they have what they consider to be a "practical flying machine." Other experimenters learn of their work and begin to build on their success. By 1906, wouldbe pilots are making tentative hops in uncontrollable aircraft. By 1909, after watching the Wrights' flying demonstrations, they grasp the brilliance and necessity of three-axis aerodynamic control. The performance of their aircraft quickly catch up to, then surpass Wright Flyers. The capabilities of and the uses for aircraft expand as designers and pilots introduce float planes, flying boats, passenger aircraft, observation platforms fitted with radios and wireless telegraphs, fighters, and bombers. As World War I approaches, aircraft have become an essential part of war and peace. The 1905 Wright Flyer III was the first practical aircraft, capable of sustained flight and navigation. Pilots, Planes, and Pioneers The history of pioneer aviation is resplendent with heroes and heroines who took spindly, underpowered aircraft and accomplished amazing things. They were an odd collection of scientists, entrepreneurs, adventurers, soldiers, and people who just wanted to push personal and cultural boundaries.


The Aviator - April 2020

The Dunne flying wing, built and tested by the British in 1910, was the first top secret aircraft.

What they all had in common is that they blazed the first trails through the sky and in doing so, changed the world. This is a collection of short biographies, arranged alphabetically. We have added longer bios for a few pioneers, and will add more as time allows.

that with only a few exceptions, none claimed this honor for themselves.

Who Was First?

It was claimed for them, often many years after they had completed their work. And the people who made these claims often had transparent reasons reputations to uphold, axes to grind, books to sell, and tourism to encourage.

Almost as soon as the news of the Wright brothers' first flights at Kitty Hawk and Huffman Prairie became known, there were claims that others had been the first to fly. We shouldn't deny these "wannabees" the acclaim they deserve; they are true aviation pioneers and visionaries. It's interesting to note

The accounts presented here reflect the conclusions of the majority of aviation historians. We also address a favorite of conspiracy theorists, a controversial agreement between the Wright estate and the Smithsonian, allegedly designed to suppress whatever truth du jour needs suppressing.


Trump's Private jet By Semawere Oscar


f you’ve got it, flaunt it – that’s the mantra celebrity and one of the world’s richest men, Donald Trump, certainly likes to follows. His taste in luxury is often described as gaudy by some, but that’s his style.

Allen back in 2011 and gave it a Trump-style makeover — which means swathed it with gold and premium wood. During a recent whistle-stop tour of his golf resorts in the United Kingdom earlier this week, Mr. Trump granted a rare glimpse of his custom built Boeing 757’s lavish and uber-luxe interior.

Donald Trump's private jet

emblazoned on just about every surface. He was accompanied by his daughter, Ivanka Trump, on the trip and visited his golf resorts in Scotland and Ireland.

The current jet, a 1968 Boeing 727 originally operated by American Airlines, is completely kitted out. A plane like this usually The 68-year-old US property As mentioned before, has 134 seats but this plane tycoon owns one of the most the interior is wrapped in was reconfigured to hold just luxurious private jets in the 24-carat gold and boasts the 24 passengers in the lap of world which he bought from latest electronic equipment luxury. Microsoft co-founder Paul along with the Trump logo

The Aviator - April 2020



Donald Trump along with his daughter Ivanka Trump


The Living area

The uber-luxe master bathroom of the custom Boeing 757

The interior is kitted-out with 24-carat gold including the faucets

The main salon of Trump’s private jet

One of the bedrooms of Trump’s private jet. The pillows are embroidered with the family cres

The Aviator - April 2020


Flight future innovations By Harriet James


ach decade brings a new innovation in the aviation industry as more and more players strive to ensure that the travelers are comfy. Here are some of the future innovations that will revolutionize the air travel. No airline company The rise of the digital space will result in product offerings that cover the entire travel ecosystem. Some airlines like Air Asia are changing from just being a travel company to a tech company that owns an airline to become a digital fast clients. Other airlines like

the Scandinavian Airlines have designed an AI travel assistant in everything from packing to booking. 2. Flying taxis The Airbus is busy with its own version of flying taxis but Uber too has announced plans to launch Uber Elevate which is a flying car and a more familiar ride sharing version called Uber Air by 2023. 3 Experience seeking clients Instead of being loyal to airline brands, passengers will shift their loyalty to those wth better experiences. Airlines must endeavor to create compelling value propositions with improved products and services if they

desire to attract clients. 4. Rise of innovation labs This is one trend that is unsurprisingly on the rise in the aviation industry. The labs are relevant in ensuring that they are constantly researching on the relevant programs that disrupt their competitors. 5. Revitalize inflight retailing Currently, there are less people who buy anything inflight. With this figure declining yearly its high time airlines find another way of enticing their clients to purchase stuff. While some airlines have pulled off the duty free products, others are reinventing The Aviator - April 2020


Innovation themselves. For instance, the introduction of Airfree, a duty-free shopping app, that has stepped in to fill in the gap. It won the Aviation Festival’s Innovation Dragon’s Den, as judged by Finnair, SAS, Virgin Atlantic as well as Air New Zealand. The app can make offers bespoke to individual customers’ profiles and itineraries. It also delivers a simple as well as convenient commission-based clickand-collect service and totally removes the need for a the unwieldy perfumestuffed duty-free trolley of old. 6. Free Wi-Fi Many airlines are doing their best to ensure that the inflight wifi is free to all their passengers. For instance,


The Aviator - April 2020

Delta tested on 55 of its flAights this year and plans to increase the service in the coming months. 7. Airports that become tourist destinations While many countries are planning to upgrade or construct new airports, some are being designed to become destinations themselves with indoor park, appealing restaurants, magnificentviews. In the US,

there are some airports which allow citizens not travelling to just hang out and eat of course after passing through security. 8. Cutting down on plastic waste use It’s not just the hotel industry that is keen on this. The aviation industry has also joined in the bandwagon with zero waste flights and the ban of plastic bottles.


AIRCRAFT CYBER ATTACKS ICT (Information Communication Technology) has greatly complemented on the growth and advancement of the aviation sector in areas of aircraft design, manufacturing, operations and navigation. low fuel consumption, increase efficiency of aircraft operation, reduce work load for aircraft crews and increase comfort to passengers on board. However, these wireless and electronic systems present vulnerabilities to cyber security threats (cyber-attacks) that have potential and significant impact(s) to jeopardize the safety of both passengers on board and the aircraft.

C-series, Gulf-stream 650) are electronic (e-enabled) and they consist of C T ( I n f o r m a t i o n unprecedented amount of C o m m u n i c a t i o n modern flight system such as Technology) has greatly digital fly-by wire, IP-enabled complemented on the networks, Commercial of the growth and advancement shelf components (CoTS), of the aviation sector in wireless connectivity (Wi-Fi, areas of aircraft design, Bluetooth), global positioning (GPS), In-Flight manufacturing, operations system Entertainment System (IFE) and navigation. and much more.

By Maximillian Philberth Kalukamisa & Iddi Mshana


Unlike previous aircraft designs, the current state of the art aircrafts (such as Boeing 787, Airbus 380, Airbus 350, Bombardier

Electronic and wireless systems reduce the amount of wiring in an aircraft and hence weight helping achieve

Aircraft cyber-attack refers to the offensive maneuver of aircraft’s data, communications, functions, instruments and system(s) without authorization, potentially with malicious intent. According to EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) there are estimated 1,000 cyberattacks targeting aviation systems worldwide each month, some of these cyber- attacks includes: Deliberate modification of flight plans and GPS Navigation data after compromising protocols The Aviator - April 2020


Feature and security system(s).



i. Disruption of electronic messages transmitted across the aircraft by attaching small devices on aircraft’s wirings. ii. Exploiting aircraft’s control systems and execute malicious instructions on aircraft’s equipment and/ or avionics for automated sabotage. An attacker can issue instructions to manipulate engine reading, compass data or/and air speed instruments among other systems to provide false readings to the pilot, or issue commands to the system to behave abnormally. This leads to potential threat posed by hacking, opening the possibility of remotely hijacking controls from the pilot. In September 2016 CBS News reported that cybersecurity expert, Mr. Robert Hickey working with USA’s Department of Homeland Security (DHS) took only two days to remotely hack into a Boeing 757 at the Atlantic City (New Jersey) International Airport via radio frequency communications without touching or entering the aeroplane. Also, on 10th April 2015, a passenger alleged hacked into an airplane’s avionics through the In-flight Entertainment System (IFE) and tweeted that he was able to access


The Aviator - April 2020

the aeroplane’s thrust management system and order one of its engine to increase thrust for decent resulting in a temporary yaw. In addressing and combating aircraft cyber threats and attacks, aircraft and avionics manufacturers, airlines, aviation authorities, organizations and other stake holders should collaborate in developing and implementing cyber threats risk reduction and mitigation measures. And the following course of actions can be considered vital in war against aircraft cyber attack.

facilities and suppliers and identification of vulnerabilities. Secondly, implement layers of security. The aviation industry should implement a layered approach to cyber security which has several defence mechanisms such as unauthorized physical access restrictions, two-factor authentication, encryption, proactive threat hunting, insider threat monitoring, managed detection and response.

Thirdly, reduce time required for aircraft avionics Firstly, secure critical patch installation, maintain supply chain as malware and regularly inspect system and unlawful hardware(s) logs. could be introduced through Last but not least, develop the supply chain. Aircraft and implement specialized training manufacturers and airlines cyber-security for operators should secure remote programs to support the proper access for suppliers and curtain measures of access use of protocols for using segregation, a full audit of protection tools to secure aircraft and aircraft systems, aircraft systems and prepare production facilities and them to repel cyber attacks. aircraft systems, production

Kenya Aviation


Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, P.O. Box 30163 – 00100 Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 020 827 470 Fax: +254 020 822 300 AIR OPERATORS ASSOCIATION

Kenya Association of Air Operators, Wilson Airport, Langata Road, P.O. Box 15013, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 020 606 914 Air Cargo Operations Contacts AIR OPERATORS •

748 Air Services Ltd.,

Head Office, Wilson Airport, 748 Plaza, Langata Road, P.O Box 53012 – 00200, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Samir Abdo Tel: +254 020 606 532 Cell: +254 722 410 257 Email: or Web: Fleet: Antonov 26, Antonov 28, Antonov 32 HS748, LET 410, King Air 200 • 748 Air Services Ltd., Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Office, 1st Floor, Room 213, Central Business Building, Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Arrivals, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 020 827 499 Fax: +254 020 827 499 •

748 Air Services Ltd.,

Lokichoggio Airport (Main Aircraft Base) P.O. Box 74, Lokichoggio, Kenya Email: Tel: +254 054 32048 • A-D Aviation Ltd Wilson Airport, Langata Road, P.O. Box 47906 – 000100, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Julie McCann Tel: +254 020 603 041 Cell: +254 722 516 135 Email: adaviation@ Fleet: King Air 200

Ilyushin 76 • Blue Sky Aviation Ltd Wilson Airport, Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 020 607 238 Email: blueskyavi@ Fleet: LET 410, Cessna 402. • Bluebird Aviation Services Wilson Airport, Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Capt H. Mohammed Tel: +254 020 602 338 Email: Fleet: Fokker 50, King Air 200

• Airworks Ltd KRA Hanger, Wilson Airport, Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Larry Roberts Tel: +254 020 604 470 Cell: +254 724 316 047 Email: lroberts@ Fleet: Beech 1900, King Air 200, Cessna Caravan

• Boskovic Air Charters Ltd Wilson Airport, Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: John Tel: +254 0 20 606 364 Cell: +254 0 722 203 852 Fax: +254 0 20 609 619 Email: boskyops@ Web: www. Fleet: Beech Baron, Cessna 310, Cessna 404, 6x Cessna Caravan, King Air 200.

• ALS Ltd Wilson Airport, Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Shakeel Khan Tel: +254 020 608 362 Cell: +254 722 523 876 Email: or Web: www. Fleet: 2x Dash-8, Buffalo DHC-5, 8x Beech 1900, 2x King Air 200, Cessna Caravan • Astral Aviation Ltd Wilson Airport, Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Sanjeev Gadhia Tel: +254 020 444 1085 Cell: +254 733 513 120 Email: Web: www. Fleet: Antonov 12, Antonov 72,

• Capital Airlines Ltd Wilson Airport, Langata Road, P.O. Box 49232 – 00100, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Capt Himat Vaghela Tel: +254 0 20 602 984 Cell: +254 0 722 823 954 Email: cal@ Web: Fleet: Cessna 310, Cessna Caravan, Citation Bravo, King Air 200 • East African Air Charters Wilson Airport, Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 020 603 859 Email: admin@ Fleet: 3x The Aviator - April 2020


Kenya Aviation Grant Caravans, Cessna 406, 2x Cessna 310, Cessna 210, Cessna 206, 2x Cessna 182 • Phoenix Aviation Wilson Airport, Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Florence Tel: +254 020 605 836 Email: flightops@ Fleet: 2x King Air 200, Citation Bravo. • Trackmark Ltd Wilson Airport, Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Susie Tel: +254 020 603 582 Email: Fleet: HS748, Cessna 208, King Air 200. • Tradewings Ltd JKIA, P.O. Box 42474 – 00100, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Adrian Wilcox Tel: +254 0 20 602 721 Cell: +254 0 722 520 561 Email: nbo.ops@ Fleet: Embrarer 110 • United Airlines Ltd Wilson Airport, Langata Road, P.O. Box 53521 – 00200, Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Capt Elly Aluvale Tel: +254 020 600 773 Cell: +254 733 512 074 Email: united@todays. Fleet: 2x LET 410, Cessna 310 OTHER OPERATORS

Air Kenya Tel: +254-20563636, 557478 (Nairobi) +254-20-605728/30, 602951 (Wilson Airport) +254720-054940, 736-522404 (Mombasa) Email: enquries@ Website: http://


The Aviator - April 2020

ALS Limited Tel: +254-20605510, 607185, 609864, 727666222, 733666262 Mobile: +254727666222, 733666262 Website: http:// Email: res@, Website: • African Sky Charters Tel: +254-20-601467/ 8, 602899 Email: africansky@ • Air Works Tel: +25420-608745, 607905 Email: • Bluebird Aviation Tel: +254-20-603062, 602337 Email: bluebird @Kenya online Website: http://www. • Commuter Air Services Tel: +254-20-604224, 602604 Email: flight@commairserv. com • East African Air Charters Tel: +254-20603858, 605862 Email: • Everett Aviation Tel: +254-20-601638,608785 Email: operations@ Website: http://www.everettaviation. com • Executive Turbine Tel: +254-20-604318 Email: info@ • Kenya School of Flying Tel: +254-4230370,722264835 Email: • Knight Aviation Tel: +254-20-608101, 607894 Email: knight • Phoenix Aviation Tel: +254-20-601643,604048 Email: phoenix@aviation.


Wilson Airport Nairobi Pilot line: +254 020 6003 925 or 6009 870 Fax: +254 020 6004 692 Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Nairobi Pilot line: +254 020 827 100 Fax: +254 020 827 102 Moi International Airport Mombasa Pilot line: +254 041 3433416 or 3433024 or 3433020 or 34330251 Fax: +254 041 3432 069 Malindi Airport Malindi Pilot line: +254 042 30463 Fax: +254 042 30428 Kisumu airport Kisumu Pilot line: +254 057 202 4499 or 202 5658 Fax: +254 057 202 1035 Eldoret International Airport Eldoret Pilot line: +254 053-2062966, 0722403444 Fax: +254 053-2062965 Wajir Airport Wajir Pilot line: +254 046 421 024 Fax: +254 046 421 024 Lokichogio Airport Lokichogio Pilot line: +254 054 32292, 0723 560 981, 0734 594 038 Poror Radar Station Poror Tel/Fax: +254 065 2022075 Mua Hills Radar Station Mua Hills Tel: +254 354 245 620 Central Transmitting Station & Workshops Pilot line: +254 354 273 520

Uganda Aviation

UGANDA AVIATION CONTACTS ENTEBBE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT SERVICE CONTACTS Civil Aviation Authority Entebbe International Airport P.O Box 5536 Kampala Head Office Tel: +256 (312) 352-000 Air Navigation Services Tel: +256 (414) 320-486, 4320384, Tel: +256 (414) 320-680 Tel: +256 (414) 320-906/7, 4320375 Fax: +256 41 4320964 Entebbe International Airport Tel: +256 (312) 353-000 Tel: +256 (414) 321-401, 4320571 Briefing Office Tel: +256 (414) 320-926 Aircraft Clearance Office Tel: +256 (414) 321-016 Tel: +256 (312) 352-101 Fax: +256 41 4321452

Deputy Managing Director Tel: +256 (312) 352-005 Fax: +256 41 4321401

Tel: +256 (414) 234-201/4232455 Tel: +256 (752) 734-200 Tel: +256 41 4342790

Director Airports & Aviation Security Tel: +256 (312) 353-048 Fax: +256 414 320571

Egypt Air Grand Imperial Arcade, Shop 11 P.O Box 7207 Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 341-276 Tel: +256 41 4236567

Director Air Navigation Services Tel: +256 (312) 352-501 Fax: +256 41 4320964 Director Human Resource & Administration Tel: +256 (312) 352-031 Fax: +256 41 4322989 Manager Public Affairs Tel: +256 (312) 352-021 Fax: +256 41 4321401



Entebbe Rescue Co-Ordination Centre (RCC) Tel: +256 414 323428 / +256 312 352532 EXT: 2532

Managing Director/ CEO Tel: +256 (312) 352-002 Fax: +256 41 4321401

Area Control Centre (ACC) Tel: +256 414 320907 / +256 312 352541 EXT: 2541

Corporation Secretary Tel: +256 (312) 352-011 Fax: +256 41 4321401 Director Safety, Security and Economic Regulation Tel: +256 (312) 352-101 Fax: +256 41 4320375 Director Finance Tel: +256 (312) 352-401 Fax: +256 41 4321401 General Manager, Entebbe Int. Airport Tel: +256 (312) 353-357 Fax: +256 41 4 320571

PASSENGER AND BAGGAGE HANDLING DAS Handling Tel: +256 (0) 392 789011 Mobile: + 256 (0) 773 505848 Entebbe Handling Services (ENHAS) Tel: +256 (0) 41 4321675

AIRLINES Brussels Airlines

Rwenzori House Plot 1, Lumumba Avenue P.O Box 3966, Kampala Uganda

Emirates Acacia Place - Plot 6 (Kololo), Ist Floor P. O Box 33124 Tel: +256 (414) 349-941/2/3/4 Tel: +256 (752) 535-087 Tel: +256 41 4340076 Ethiopian Airlines Kimathi Avenue P.O Box 3591, Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 254-796/7, 4345577/8 Tel: +256 (752) 535-087 Tel: +256 41 4231455 Etihad Airways Course View Towers P.O Box 7519 Kampala Tel: +256 (312) 314-430 Flydubai Jubilee Insurance Building Plot 14 Parliament Avenue Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 359-392 Jambojet Limited Entebbe International Airport P.O. Box 19079 – 00501 Nairobi Kenya Tel: +256 (706) 534-545, Tel: +256 (781) 829-453 Kenya Airways Jubilee Insurance Building 14 Parliament Avenue P.O Box 6969 Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 233-068/344304, Tel: +256 (312) 360-000 Tel: +256 41 4259472 KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Jubilee Insurance Building 3rd Floor, 14 Parliament Avenue The Aviator - April 2020


Uganda Aviation P.O Box 21025 Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 338-000/1/2, 4233068 Tel:+256 41 4259472, 4338029 Precision Air Services Plc Plot14 Parliament Avenue ATC House, P.O.Box 6969, Kampala, Uganda Tel: 0414-344304/0312-360118 Qatar Airways Rwenzori Towers Nakasero, Kampala, P.O box 6710, Uganda. Tel: +256(0)41-780090 Fax: +256(0)41-4255299. RwandAir Entebbe International Airport Tel: +256 (772) 614-077, Tel: +256 (414) 353-000 Tel: +256 41 4322268 South African Airways 1 Pilkington Road, Ground Floor Workers House P.O Box 7835 Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 255-501, 4345772/3/5 Turkish Airlines Ruth Towers, Headquarters Kampala P. O Box 6710 Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 32-260, Tel: +256 (792) 444849 Tel: +256 414 322261

SCHEDULED DOMESTIC Aerolink 2nd Floor Passenger Terminal Building Entebbe International Airport P.O. Box 689 Entebbe Tel: +256 (317) 333-000, Tel: +256 (776) 882-205 Eagle Air Plot 11, Portal Avenue P. O BOX 7392, Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 344-292, Tel: +256 (312) 263-777 Tel: +256 41 4344501, +256 41 43206 Kampala Aeroclub and Flight Training Centre (KAFTC) Kajjansi Airfield P.O. Box 24305 Kampala


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Tel: +256 (772) 706-107, Tel: +256 (414) 200-059

NON SCHEDULED DOMESTIC Aim Air Plot 18 Ssese View, Manyago P.O. Box 800 Entebbe Tel: +256 (414) 323-294, Tel:+256 (782) 493-221, Tel:+256 (782) 498-216 Air Serv Hangar one Entebbe Old Airport P.O. Box 7548 Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 321-251/2, Tel: +256 (312) 263-897 Tel: +256 414 263898 Asante Aviation Colline House, 3rd Floor P.O. Box 7691 Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 250-254, Tel: +256 (312) 265-201, Tel: +256 (717) 851-185 Tel: +256 414 237317 Balloon Tours Span House Plot No. 1 Portal Avenue Block C Room 29 Kampala Tel: +256 (759) 002-552 DHL Aviation (K) Ltd Shimoni Offices Village 18 Clement Hill P.O. Box 1623 Kampala Tel: +256 (312) 210-006 Tel: +256 414 256236 Grand Air Services Ltd Plot 2103, Namugongo Road Kireka P.O. Box 26186 Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 287-858 Jobihani Investments Ltd 2 Colville Street, Shumuk House Kampala Tel: +256 (753) 979-815 Kampala Executive Aviation Ngabo Road, Kololo P.O. Box 27210 Kampala Tel: +256 (782) 073-475 Mission Aviation Fellowship Plot 260/445, Kizungu Lane Makindye P.O. Box 1, Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 268-388, Tel: +256

(414) 267-433 Premier Safaris P.O. Box 121 Jinja Tel: +256 752 790033 Tel:+256 (434) 121-539 Samaritan’s Purse P.O. Box 21810 Kampala Tel: +256 (771) 850-772 SKA Air & Logistics (U) Ltd Entebbe International Airport Main Terminal Building 2nd Floor, Office 33 Entebbe Tel: +256 (414) 323-367 Transafrik DAS Handling Area Sebuggwawo Drive Entebbe Airport Tel: +256 (414) 321-387 Uganda Air Cargo Entebbe International Airport Passenger Terminal Building P.O. Box 343 Entebbe Tel: +256 (312) 263-329 Vine Air Ltd P.O. Box 22041 Kampala Tel: +256 (414) 323-165

TRANSPORTATION Airport taxi services cooperate services Tel: +256 752635145 Tel: +256 775242733 Entebbe airport taxis Airport medical centre Tel: +256 700 140646 Tel: +256 312/414 353000 2258 CAA customer care Entebbe International Airport Main Terminal Building Ground floor Tel: + 256 31/41 353000 2210, 3323, 3057 Tour and travel agencies There are several tour and travel agents operating in Kampala . The uganda travel bureau can provide more information on Tour and travel services on Tel: +256-312 232555 A number of tour and travel companies have information handy for travellers at the airport.

- Passenger and Cargo Air charter flights - Flight support services e.g fueling, handling, aircraft permits, meet & greet e.t.c - Co-ordinate Aircraft maintenance Aircraft parts - Co-ordinate Aviation Training - GSA for air operators

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