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Mount Allison’s

THE November 28, 2013

ARGOSY Independent Student Newspaper

Trying to find the library since 1872

Comedy and a capella

Toronto’s talented vocal quartet returns to Maritimes

Martin Omes

Arts & Literature Writer

Audiences were brought to their feet last weekend as Cadence, an a cappella vocal quartet from Ontario, made an appearance in Brunton for this year’s third instalment of the Performing Arts Series. Due to popular demand, the event was Cadence’s third visit to Mount Allison, and was made possible by the J.E.A. Crake Foundation. Currently based in Toronto, Cadence is a quirky quartet consisting of Carl Berger, Ross Lynde, Lucas Marchand, and Kurt Sampson, all of whom are distinguished vocalists from all over Canada that have combined their collective musical talents and playful personalities to the immense entertainment of audiences around the globe. The ensemble was founded in 1998, and has recorded four studio albums, two of which have been respectively nominated for Juno awards in 2001 and 2006. The evening’s performances quickly demonstrated Cadence’s musical diversity and group chemistry for which they are famous. Easily covering 500 years of music to comedic effect, Cadence performed a Renaissance madrigal to the lyrics of Justin Bieber’s “Baby,” and a Gregorian chant that evolved into an a cappella rendition of “Smoke on the Water.” Additionally, the quartet playfully presented one of Mozart’s horn concertos performed entirely in scat singing. In this way, the ensemble combined their concise knowledge of historical styles and genres with their desire to entertain by uniting the classical with the contemporary. Cadence is clearly most comfortable performing early jazz tunes from the forties and fifties, with names like Frank Sinatra, Nat King Cole, Cab Calloway, and Louis Armstrong lighting up their repertoire. Their uncanny ability to reproduce the sounds of swing using only their voices is both remarkable and enjoyable; one


Ticket subsidy prompts debate: Pg. 8

Microsoft releases the Xbox One New console released in time for Christmas

Daniel Marcotte

Science Writer

The quirky quartet, Cadence, brought their vibrant personalities and musical expertise to Brunton for the Performing Arts Series. (Nick Sleptov/Argosy) could almost believe that Cadence is a full jazz ensemble, featuring trumpets, trombones, saxophones, and even percussion. In addition, Cadence encouraged participation and engaged heavily with the increasingly enthusiastic audience, using “calland-response” singing and randomly selecting people to perform short vocal solos. Another notable performance of the evening was Cadence’s rendition of Gordon Lightfoot’s famous Canadian epic “The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald.” The members of Cadence are also involved with a Toronto-based Gordon Lightfoot tribute band who have recently been recognized by the folk legend himself. Theirs was a solemn and soulful a cappella interpretation of this classic. International audiences have even enjoyed this version. “It’s got some real Canadian history to it,” remarked Sampson, reflecting upon their recent performance of the song in Germany.

“People really like that aspect.” In the interest of Canadian bilingualism and Cadence’s recent travels to Europe, the ensemble also sang Pink Martini’s “Je ne veux pas Travailler,” a tune that further allowed the group to draw attention to their own silliness. Finally, in honour of Atlantic Canada and Sampson’s own P.E.I. heritage, Cadence returned for an encore with Stan Rogers’ memorable folk song “Barrett’s Privateers,” which had the entire audience singing and clapping along to the Maritime classic. With their massively diverse range of musical styles and their playful presence that is engaging, comical and fun, one can only hope that Cadence will make yet another return trip to Mount Allison in the future. The Performing Arts Series will resume on Feb. 4, 2014, with the talents of Japanese drumming ensemble Fubuki Daiko kicking off the winter semester.



Vol. 143 Iss. 12

Looking at the Xbox One in comparison to the Xbox 360, one can see how there is little resemblance between the two systems. It is clear that Microsoft has been working towards the next generation as early as 2008, when it brought eight-player part chat, Netflix, and customizable player Avatars. Unfortunately, with the Xbox One, Microsoft has managed to design a system that will blend in with all of your other components in your home entertainment centre, as it is visually unappealing. With the console being larger than the original Xbox 360, and the return of the power brick and an even larger Kinect sensor, there are a lot of questions to ask about the new console. The new Xbox One has three USB ports, with two on the back and one on the side, that are currently very useful for charging controllers or connecting with a Fightstick*. The one major difference between the 360 and One, however, is that Xbox One has a Blu-ray drive, so a second device is not needed any longer to run those movies. Microsoft also had the unfortunate task of redesigning a

controller that in reality, nobody found had any issues to begin with. The 360 controllers were praised, so it will not come as a surprise that there aren’t many changes to the controller. It is quite a comfortable controller, with a lighter weight, but much better texture to avoid the slippery feel you would normally get with long sessions with the 360. The thumb sticks might feel smaller, but the adjustment was very quick and actually helped make your shot more accurate. The main page on One is very similar to anyone who has used Windows 8. The coloured tiles were quite easy to navigate, and the dashboard was much more organized. Also, the Kinect actually works with voice commands this time, and really was quite simple to use. However, it demands full names of movies and games, so instead of“Ryse”, you must say “Ryse: Son of Rome,” for example. It also does not currently have integration with social media networks like Facebook, which will likely come with an update, but it is surprising that it wouldn’t come with the launch. With being able to watch a football game at the same time you play a game, the Xbox One currently has the advantage over Sony when it comes to its release. It currently has better launch titles, and if I had to pick a winner at this time, the winner would be Microsoft. However, Sony is cheaper, and has the potential to be amazing with some updates, so stay tuned for upcoming months.

The newly released Xbox One is larger than the 360. (Allison O’Reilly/Argosy)

Mustaches alone don’t Meats of Trantramar cure cancer: Pg. 6 throws a party: Pg. 13


Mt. A overwhelm Hurricanes: Pg. 15

Inside... News Opinions Science Ship’s Log Centrefold Entertainment Sports Arts & Literature Pg. Humour

2 5 7 9 10 12 15 17 919


November 28, 2013

Student union leaders lobby politicians in Ottawa

CASA members participate in yearly advocacy weekend Miriam Namakanda & Cherise Letson Sackville and Fredericton—Mount Allison Student Union President Melissa O’Rourke and Vice-President External Affairs Ian Smith travelled to Ottawa as part of The Canadian Alliance of Student Associations (CASA) Advocacy Week. During advocacy week, CASA representatives from across the country spoke to 120 Members of Parliament on behalf of 300,000 students represented by CASA. Schools from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island took part. Newfoundland and Labrador’s Memorial University is not a CASA member. “The UPEI Student Union thinks it’s an important part of what CASA does, connecting students to decision makers and making sure that our words have impact on the hill,” said Travis Gordon, vice-president academic and vice-president external for the University of Prince Edward Island Student Union. Though students will typically be matched up with members of parliament from their area, they will be presenting the same unified policy suggestions created by the membership. O’Rourke said that the topics for lobbying were

Melissa O’Rourke and Ian Smith participated in a CASA advocacy weekend in Ottawa. (CASA) decided at a CASA meeting in June at a Policy and Strategy Meeting in Alberta, a meeting attended by Smith. O’Rourke and Smith brought forward issues of stigma around mental health. O’Rourke said, “Mental health was one of the huge tings we decided we were going to work on this year during advocacy week.” O’Rouke said they put forward a request to “have an extra 4.5 million dollars put towards the Mental Health Commission of Canada to have them create

campaigns and do some lobbying on campus.” The big issues on CASA’s agenda this year include a focus on student assistance (including further increasing the in-study income limit), indexing student loans to inflation, and offcampus work visas for international students. With several national directors for the organization coming from the Atlantic provinces in previous years, Matthew Rios, president of the Acadia Students’ Union, said the Maritime

region has a strong voice in lobbying at the federal level. “Atlantic schools have continued to have what I would call a disproportionately strong voice in terms of our advocacy in general,” Rios said. “We have a very strong voice at the federal level and I think that reputation and tradition of excellence is something ... we need to maintain.” “I know in meeting MPs from across the country, not just from the Maritimes, they really do respect students that come from the Maritimes. We’re very grounded, we’re very wellspoken and we’re typically very well researched as well. And I think that’s what separates the Maritimes, even more so CASA, from other advocacy groups.” CASA takes a policy and research approach when it comes to advocacy, one that members argue is effective. Some of CASA’s successes include a variety of education-related tax credits, various student grants and changes to in-study income on federal loans and an open access policy for publicly funded research. O’Rourke said that the response from politicians was positive. Noting “immediate feedback was really great and there were a lot of people who said they wanted to support [CASA].” She also added that most MPs were very responsive and a number of post-secondary issues were raised during the Parliamentary question period. Miriam Namakanda is The Argosy’s News Writer. Cherise Letson is Atlantic Bureau Chief for the Canadian University Press.

Hasty planning for subsidized student Uteck Bowl tickets Donation prompts debate about executive spending Miriam Namakanda

News Writer

Mount Allison University’s first Uteck Bowl saw nearly 4,000 attendants, around 1,000 of whom were students. Tickets were regularly fifteen dollars, but students were able to purchase tickets for only five dollars due to donations from the CampbellVerduyn Fund and the Mount Allison Student Union (MASU). Josh Outerbridge, MASU vicepresident, finance and operations announced at the Nov. 18 council meeting that these subsidies cost the union $5,000. Atlantic University Sport and Canadian Intervarsity Sport were responsible for ticket pricing and distribution. The Campbell-Verduyn Fund gave MASU only an hour to agree to an offer, promising to match MASU donations up to $5,000. The Campbell-Verduyn Fund received a private donation covering the costs of its subsidy just a week before the Uteck Bowl, and one hour before tickets went on sale. Outerbridge and a few executive members agreed to the expenditure within an hour, with little time for consulting others. Together, the fund and the MASU made donations worth $10,000, and 1,000 tickets were made available to

Students were able to purchase tickets for the Uteck Bowl at a reduced cost. (Mount Allison University) students at a ten dollar discount. During the council meeting Outerbridge explained that “the MASU was approached by the administration, specifically Dr. Campbell, and they gave us this offer: ‘We will match any donation you guys will make up until $5,000.’” Vice-President, Campus Life Heather Webster elaborated, saying that “I went to a meeting Tuesday at noon, and they said ‘Can we have $5,000?” and I said ‘Well, the [MASU executive] needs to vote on it tonight at our meeting.’ They replied ‘No we need to know right now, because tickets are going on sale in an hour.’”

Outerbridge encouraged any councillors with concerns about the process to draft a bylaw, and that he would “create a new bylaw that allows the Executive to use funds from the surplus with council approval” for events of this nature. Several councillors were concerned about the ability of the executive to spend MASU money without consulting council, though no one voiced public dissent about this particular donation. Councillor Dylan Wooley-Berry proposed a motion that tasked the Operations Committee with proposing a way to limit the ways in which the Executive

can spend money by the second council meeting in January. The motion passed with sixteen in favour and seven opposed. During the meeting, Outerbridge said that he felt the money would directly benefit students, adding that “given the gravity of the event, had we had more time we could have convened council.” Fourth-year student Elizabeth MacDonald said that the subsidy “doesn’t seem appropriate [though] what they did … ended up being cheaper for students.” Macdonald added, “in my experience, sometimes Mt. A does sneaky things for

appearances.” In order to avoid this happening again, she suggested better communication between the executive and councillors. Ron Byrne, Mt. A’s Vice-President International and Student Affairs spoke on behalf of the CampbellVerduyn Fund, saying that “given the tradition of students being able to get into varsity events without charge, we just thought [of ] the local tradition and history [and] we looked at ways to reduce the impact for students.” As far as the students’ union being asked to spend a hefty sum with little consultation, Byrne said it was up to the union to make that decision in line with their procedures. “I’m sure you’re going to get some opinions about what someone should and shouldn’t have done, as long as they followed the protocols and given the time frame involved ... we needed to have decisions made quickly,” Byrne said. “For our part, we were thrilled that MASU was able to respond so quickly.” Outerbridge responded to criticism in a different way saying, “the MASU has a lot of services and some of them cost a lot of money.” Outerbridge suggested it was a cost effective measure. “We saw that $5,000 was going to benefit forty per cent of the student body directly. That is how we justified it,” he said. MASU was also given two signs field side free of charge by AUS, because “they were so impressed with the students’ union’s involvement,” Webster said. Of the 1,000 tickets available to students, 940 were sold.

The Argosy


Executive restructuring approved Changes raise long debate over consultation Kevin Levangie

Political Beat Writer The Executive Restructure document introduced at the previous Students’ Union council meeting has been adopted, despite considerable dissent. With a vote of sixteen in favour, nine against, Mount Allison Student’s Union (MASU) Vice-President, Communications Matt Ranson’s motion to adopt the motion passed after a lengthy debate. MASU Vice-President, Campus Life Heather Webster explained that the adoption does not mean any bylaws have changed, saying that “[i] t means we have council’s support to go about consulting students and continuing to work on the restructure.” In council, Webster stressed the perceived urgency of passing the document quickly in order to allow potential spring candidates to decide if they want to run. Councillor James Beirne suggested that “the entire process was rushed,” and that “legitimate concerns were

shouted down by people saying ‘we need to pass it now.’” A question-and-answer session was held at the Pond on Nov. 23 in conjunction with a communications strategy proposed by Councillor Maria Wilson. At the session, Ryan Harley, vice-president academic, gave reasoning for the restructure that has stood unchallenged by even its harshest critics. Citing the relatively recent increase in MASU services to students, such as the Bike Co-op and Health Insurance, Harley said the maintenance of new services consumes the executive’s time: “The traditional role of advocacy has fallen by the wayside because of the weight of the services falling in the lap of the vice-presidents.” The increase in importance of high-ranking hired staff members aims to address this by tasking them with the maintenance of existing programs. Both representatives in council and students at the Q-and-A expressed feelings that the Executive did not bring the document forward early enough to ensure proper engagement with it by students and councillors alike. Councillor Piper Riley Thompson criticized the timing in council. “This may have been a seven-month process, but it hasn’t been public

to council for seven months. I’ve only known about this since it came forward in the council package in the Nov. 4 meeting,” she said. At the Q-and-A, President Melissa O’Rourke addressed criticisms that the executive introduced the plan too late, saying, “I was mandated to bring this forward to council by midNovember.” Webster suggested it would be best for council to discuss whether the document should be pursued this year, or wait until the final council meeting of 2013 on Dec. 2, “depending on the concerns with the actual document.” After the document’s passage, concerns persisted in council about the proposed dual-ticket for president and vice-president elections. Shinerama Chair Caleb Stark took exception to what he saw as a lack of consultation about the process. Stark said he only found out about the restructure report because he was delivering his Shinerama report at the Nov. 4 meeting. After that meeting, council agreed to a new process for consulting past occupants of changing positions. Stark was unimpressed with how he was consulted, saying it was a “thirteen minute phone conversation” with O’Rourke. “Consultation shouldn’t be an afterthought,” he said.

Thomson resigns from council Councillors concerned about MASU decorum Kevin Levangie

Political Beat Writer Social Sciences Senator Hillary Thomson has resigned from what she called the “sinking ship” that is the Mount Allison Students’ Union, telling council that “bullying” had prompted her resignation. Thomson’s resignation, submitted to Chairperson Eilish Elliott on Nov. 17, read: “I cannot bring myself to agree with the way it is currently run and I am uncomfortable being associated with it any longer. In my opinion, the way in which people are treated during council is not conducive to productivity and is not the way in which people should be treated in any setting, particularly a professional one.” Set against a backdrop of intense debate about a proposed restructuring of the executive, it is no surprise emotions were running high. Thomson outlined her concerns in a Nov. 21 interview, saying: “Those that have the courage to speak up are being silenced, and I really feel like it’s bullying. People are in that room and want to speak up, but when they do their voices and opinions are being shot right back down.” Thomson suggested that the way in which councillors addressed each other was inappropriate: “There were times when councillors were called out specifically, and it became really personal.” She declined to identify the individuals she feels were responsible. “I think her words should not go in vain and we should look introspectively and ask ourselves how


Exec. Restructing Brief

The proposed Executive Restructure cuts the number of Vice-Presidents from six to four, while increasing the importance and number of high-level staff members. While the document containing the proposals passed by a vote of sixteen to nine, there have yet to be any bylaw changes. This means the following changes have yet to be enacted, and are not necessarily forthcoming. What follows is a breakdown of existing and proposed Executive and Executive Staff positions. Current President: Serves as the chief executive officer, main spokesperson, and advocate for the union. The president is also responsible for the union’s internal governance. Proposed President: While the majority of presidential duties will remain unchanged under the new structure, the biggest change will be shifting the duties of internal governance to the new vice-president, executive position. Proposed Vice-President, Executive: Oversees policy creation, bylaw amendment, and human resources. It will be an amalgam of the current internal duties of the president, and the operational duties of the vice-president, finance and operations. Current Vice-President, Academic Affairs: Lobbies the university on academic issues. Serves on the university senate as an associate member, and liaises with the student senators. The maintenance of the online bookstore and test bank fall under this portfolio. Proposed Vice-President, Academic Affairs: Will maintain the position’s advocacy duties, and add the federal and provincial advocacy duties of the current vice-president, external affairs, in representing MASU for the Canadian Alliance of Student Associations (CASA) and the New Brunswick Students’ Alliance (NBSA). Current Vice-President, External Affairs: Represents MASU in both CASA and NBSA, while lobbying all levels of government on behalf of student interests. The position is also responsible for the maintenance of the Green Investment Fund, the airport shuttle, Bike Co-op, and housing directory. This position will be dissolved. Current Vice-President, Campus Life: Addresses all non-academic on-campus concerns of students, such as athletics, campus safety, and residence relations. Supervises a number of committees, student coordinators, and the entertainment director. Proposed Vice-President, Student Affairs: Despite the change in name, this position will be basically the same as the current vice-president, campus life. The portfolio will address all non-academic matters concerning students. Current Vice-President, Finance and Operations: One of two currently unelected executive positions. The portfolio includes all financial responsibility, oversight of the health insurance plan, and the review and revision of bylaws and other operational matters. This position will be dissolved. Current Vice-President, Communications: The unelected vice-president, communications is responsible for communicating with the union’s membership. Official social media accounts, the website, and MASU emails all fall under the purview of this position. This position will be dissolved.

Hillary Thomson described council as a “sinking ship.” (Chris Donovan/Argosy) are we doing business in a way that someone is so uncomfortable that they decided to step out of their role,” said Councillor Nikki Bhatia, in the wake of Thomson’s resignation. Following her resignation, several students who attended the meeting to voice their opinions on an executive restructuring document said they felt unwelcome. As a guest, Alex Smithers said she felt “really uncomfortable and a little disappointed” with the atmosphere in the room and the reception of her comments. “I lost a lot of respect for a couple of people in the room for the way they handled questions and the way they handled people,” said Entertainment Director Jordan Skaarup. When Shinerama Chair and former councillor Caleb Stark expressed some discomfort in council about the restructuring document’s approval process, Vice-President, External Affairs Ian Smith replied in a way that Stark later characterized as “a perfect example” of the sort of comments that made him uncomfortable. Stark said, “I feel like this is more than a twoweek deal, and I don’t know if this is

something council should be able to vote for as a whole, because there are so many different aspects of it.” Smith replied, addressing the chair and, over the laughter of several councillors, said, “Ms. Chair, I apologize for my next comment. You’re right, I totally agree with Mr. Caleb. It is more than a two-week process, you’re absolutely right. That’s why I’m glad it hasn’t been a twoweek process.” Stark also said that during the debate some members were rolling their eyes, slamming their hands, and holding whispered conversations, which contributed to the uncomfortable atmosphere. Smith told The Argosy that “[c] ouncil isn’t supposed to be the most positive and happy place where everyone gets along, because sometimes that can get in the way of constructive discourse.” “The only thing I would say needs to change is [for] everyone who attends council to realize that nothing said is meant to be or should be taken personally.”

Proposed election changes: The president and vice-president, executive will run together on a single electoral slate. This was the greatest source of contention at the Nov. 18 council meeting. All vice-presidents will now be elected. New Executive Staff Positions: Director of Union Services: The maintenance of all MASU services, such as the Bike Co-op and online bookstore, will be managed by this official. Director of Programming: During the summer months, the director will chair the orientation committee. During the school year, they will absorb the duties of the entertainment chair. Associate Director of Programming: This position will incorporate the duties of Shinerama chair, and take responsibility for all non-entertainment MASU event planning. The position added the Shinerama chair duties after councillors’ objections to its inclusion in the programming portfolio. Director of Finance: Will be responsible for all financial duties of the former VP Finance and Operations. Director of Marketing: Will consume the duties of the current vice-president, communications. Policy, Research and Archiving Officer: This new position will provide policy research to MASU’s executive by observing the activity of other students’ unions. Compiled by Kevin Levangie



November 28, 2013

This Week in the World Joanna Perkin

Men arrested for giving free hugs

Two men have been arrested in Saudi Arabia for offering free hugs to people in the country’s capital, Riyadh. The free hugs movement aims to brighten people’s days by offering hugs to strangers, and has been practiced in many countries around the world. The Saudi religious police arrested two men for “indulging in exotic practices” and “offending public order,” after one of the men posted a video of himself offering free hugs on YouTube, saying that he wanted to bring the free hugs movement in his home country. The video has received at least 1.5 million views on YouTube. After they were detained, the two men were required to sign a pledge that they would not offer free hugs again.

Latvia supermarket roof collapses, 54 dead

On Nov. 22, a supermarket roof collapsed in Latvia in the middle of the afternoon while the store was filled with shoppers. About an hour later, when rescue workers had arrived and were starting their search for survivors, a second piece of the roof caved in, killing three firefighters. The Associated Press reported that fifty-four people have been pronounced dead, along with over forty injured. Seven people are still missing. Investigators are looking into why the rooftop collapsed so quickly, before the company has time to cover anything up. Searches have been suspended since a third piece of the roof collapsed, although no one was injured or killed in the third collapse.

Deal reached in Geneva about Iran nuclear program

A deal has been reached between Iran and six world powers regarding Tehran’s nuclear program after five days of negotiation in Geneva. Negotiators from the United Kingdom, the United States, Russia, China, France, and Germany, were attempting to convince Iran to stop enriching uranium. Iran was willing to do this in return for relaxed sanctions. Although no details have been released as of press time, it has been announced that they have reached an agreement. This deal is considered the most significant agreement between Iran and world powers for over a decade. The talks were scheduled to finish on Nov. 22, but concluded a day late.

Haitians protest for president to resign

Protestors in Port-au-Prince, Haiti have been clashing with police, with police firing tear gas to try and disperse stone-throwing protestors. Protests have been occurring regularly over the past months, requesting the resignation of President Michel Martelly. Martelly took office two years ago, promising to rebuild Haiti after a devastating earthquake in 2010, but since has been accused of wasting public money on luxury vehicles and international trips. He has denied these accusations, and thousands of people have taken to demonstrating on the streets. Haiti has remained one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere, and many are saying that the protests will not stop until Martelly resigns.

‘Alphabet Killer’ sentenced to death in California

Joseph Naso, 79, has been convicted of four murders in the 1970s and 1990s; murders of women whose names and surnames bore matching initials. Roxene Roggasch, Carmen Colon, Pamela Parsons, and Tracy Tafoya were all prostitutes, and were strangled to death several decades ago and dumped in rural areas. Naso was prosecuted in 2009, after police found evidence leading back to these murders in a routine firearms search of Naso’s home. Naso has been sentenced to death, and remains a suspect in at least two other killings in California. Analysts have said, however, that it is unlikely that Naso will actually be executed. Hundreds of prisoners are on death row, but executions have been on hold in California since 2006.

LRA Leader Joseph Kony is said to be seriously ill

Many reports of the Lord’s Resistance Army and its infamous leader, Joseph Kony, have said recently that Kony is seriously ill and on the run along the borders of Sudan and the Central African Republic. The nature of his illness is unknown, and figures from the Central African Republic government who have been in contact with Kony are encouraging him to surrender to the UN. The LRA, led by Kony, has been accused by the UN of cutting off lips and tongues of innocent civilians, and kidnapping thousands of children and forcing them to become soldiers or sex slaves. African Union Ambassador Fransisco Madeira told reporters that the LRA has been suffering from mass defections, in part due to the 3,000 strong African Union task force tracking the rebel group. Madeira said that it is rumoured Kony is planning to tell his troops to surrender, and then vanishing, as he does not want to give himself up to the ICC.

Fine Arts Show and Sale Thursday, Nov. 28&29th 10am-5pm Tweedie Hall WMSC

Town council resignations Gaps to be filled in tourism, public works Ryan Burnham

In the coming new year of 2014, the Town of Sackville expects a period of understaffing within its director level positions, following the dual resignations of George Woodburn and Rebekah Cant. Cant and Woodburn both have served within the local government for well over a decade and will be leaving service as the directors of tourism, and engineering and public works, respectively. The departure of the two individuals will mean that

the town has a total of four directorial positions open, as Cant has also been the acting as director of community development and programming, with the position of economic development director already vacant prior to this news. Woodburn has stated that he will be completing his tenure with the town due to retirement, as Cant has made her decision based on personal reasons. Speaking to the Sackville TribunePost, Phil Handrahan noted that Woodburn’s position is already being advertised, while Cant’s positions are going to undergo a quick review to scope out potential modification, and will likely begin to be advertised in early December. When contacted, Ron Kelly-

Spurles, Sackville’s tourism manager noted that “all of the necessary steps are being taken to ensure a smooth transition,” adding that all of the staff are in preparation for the expected vacancies. “George and Rebekah will be greatly missed, but the town is very confident that they will be able to continue the same level of service to residents,” Kelly-Spurles said. While the Town of Sackville is acting quickly to ensure a smooth transition, the economic development department will be experiencing a large cut in funding, as stated in the Nov. 13 council meeting, and has remained without a director for what has been over a year. Funding is expected to remain consistent for other elements of the government.

At home in Atlantic Canada? Early findings of international student research Ian Chew How are international students faring in Canada? The statistics at first glance are not promising: only one in five choose to stay in Canada after graduation. Even fewer remain in the Maritimes. Aside from statistics like this, little research has been done on the international student experience, especially in smaller communities. In a pilot study titled “At home in Atlantic Canada?” Mount Allison University sociology professor Morgan Poteet, in collaboration with students Bianca Gomez and May Cho, hoped to shine some light on the international student experience in small Maritime universities. As part of International Education Month, Poteet and Gomez presented some preliminary results of their research last Thursday night in Avard-Dixon 116 to roughly a dozen attendees. While the experiences of international students are considerably varied, one hopeful theme emerges from early findings: resilience. Poteet said, “Despite a lot of challenges at first and even into second year, a number of participants said ‘well, it does get better.’ I take that as largely due to international students rising to the occasion and meeting those challenges.” The researchers have been conducting focus groups with international students at Mt. A, Acadia University, and St. Francis Xavier University. Some of the research themes discussed in their presentation included social exclusion and racism, as some participants reported subtle cues from Canadian students that made them felt ‘different’—like outsiders. Some participants also cited incidents in which they were the subjects of drive-by insults. Gomez and Poteet said that many participants noted the importance of culturally specific friendship groups, multicultural international student friendship groups, and also intercultural friendships

Morgan Poteet and Bianca Gomez present their research. (Ian Chew/Argosy) with Canadians who “don’t make assumptions,” and make them feel welcome. Their preliminary research also found that many international students would like to stay in Canada, but will likely to move to a larger urban setting outside the Maritimes. Gomez highlighted the ambitious nature of their exploratory research, “Our bigger vision is to see if we can make a few accurate hypotheses of what’s going on among international students who live here … and hopefully in the future influence policymaking.” The research was first inspired by Poteet’s personal experiences. He transitioned from teaching in Toronto’s diverse classrooms, to teaching in Sackville’s largely white student environment. With his international students in mind, Poteet contacted Adam Christie, Manager of International Affairs at Mt. A, for initial opinions, and went on to design the project with Gomez and Cho.

Poteet sees Gomez and Cho as co-authors of his research study: “They were part of the project from the beginning … I always check with Bianca before making any decisions, even with the analysis.” While they are both still involved with the project, Gomez has assumed a more central role, as Cho graduated from Mt. A last spring. Gomez echoed the value of such collaborative partnerships between faculty and students. Her involvement in the sociology department, notably this project, turned her doubts about Mt. A and Sackville around. Even though this semester is her last at Mt. A, Gomez plans on staying in Sackville for at least a few more months. “It feels like home,” she said. Poteet said the projected deadline for the project is April 2014, but there are plans to continue with a second phase of research. Christie commented on the potential value of the study when completed: “It should be required reading for students, staff, and faculty.”

The Argosy



Revisions & Reflections

It takes more than a hastily grown mustache to cure cancer. (Photo Illustration: Chris Donovan/Argosy)

Movember: moustaches hide a flawed charity design Mitchell Gunn By the time this article is released, November will almost have drawn to a close—and, likewise, Movember will be down to its last few whiskers of life. Come Dec. 1, the faces will be shaved and the campaign shelved for another year. Thank goodness, too. The whole thing is starting to get on my nerves. But before we get into that, it would be good to start with some backstory. The Movember movement as it is currently recognized first started in 2003 in Australia with a humble group of thirty men growing moustaches to raise awareness for prostate cancer and male depression, later forming the Movember Foundation to facilitate this campaign. In 2007, the program started spreading

across the globe, launching in countries like Canada, the United Kingdom, South Africa, and even Taiwan. Fast forward to today, and the Movember Foundation has raised over $447 million for its various projects around the globe, having championed initiatives to combat prostate and testicular cancers, as well as male mental health disorders. With all that said, I want to be entirely clear. The work of the Movember Foundation is by no means insignificant, but I think it’s always important to look deeper with this sort of thing. The media coverage of the Movember campaign has been almost singularly positive since it began, and few—if any—mainstream journalists are questioning the Foundation or the campaign itself. For example, while the campaign has raised a good amount of money—particularly for a comparatively new charity—it’s always important to research a charity to see where one’s money is going. With the Movember Campaign, this is where things start to get a little dicey. The main economic concerns of operating costs and how much of the money actually goes to charitable organizations are easily assuaged in

w w w. a r g o s y. c a

this case. Thanks largely to the viral popularity and simple concept of the Movember campaign, its organizers are able to keep costs relatively low at only about ten to twelve per cent of accumulated funds. Rather, what troubles me is how the actual charity money is being used. In Canada, the Movember Foundation only partners directly with one external organization: Prostate Cancer Canada. Everything else is run directly through the Movember Foundation or a subsidiary thereof. While this doesn’t speak to the Foundation’s work in other countries, it concerns me that the organizers of this campaign began work in Canada—a country replete with charitable organizations that are fighting the same battles as they are—and decided to start their own initiatives instead of working with already established charities. Furthermore, while the Movember website has a list of projects being pursued in Canada and around the world, most of the information on goals and progress is frustratingly vague. It’s hard for me to feel good about a charity campaign when I don’t know where its money is going. And these are far from the only concerns about the campaign. There are potential commercial implications as many companies try and cash in on Movember’s popularity, and several gender theorists have opined on the effects the campaign may have on reinforcing gender roles; an interesting and frustrating intersection between the two came last year in the form of an HP Sauce ad claiming that “a mo makes a man.” Not to mention the shaming and criticism some women have received after trying to participate in the gender-neutral No Shave November. It’s not my intention to thoroughly decry the Movember movement. I genuinely believe that the campaign is based off of good intentions— and as my friends can attest, I myself participate in it—but there’s a well-known adage about good intentions and their use as paving substrate. Citizens—particularly young adults—should not be afraid to contribute to charity, but they should do so knowingly, with research behind their decision.

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PHOTO EDITOR Chris Donovan

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Joanna Perkin, Ryan Burnham, Ian Chew, Keegan Smith, Olivia White, Austin Landry, Sam Moore, Mitchell Gunn, Caleb Stark, Anissa

listed the emails of the executive and councillor hours rather than providing a truly interactive and open manner by which to seek input. I urge the council to delay the adoption of the executive restructuring to the 2015 Executive Elections and to take the time left in the academic year to properly consult students, follow the guidelines outlined in the independent audit conducted last year, and fine-tune the changes proposed in the restructure. Many of the changes proposed in the document will help MASU run more effectively. However, before they are implemented, proper consultation with the student population as a whole and informed, lengthy debate should take place. No voices should be silenced due to lack of time. I also implore the student body to review the document and to contact their respective councillors with both their positive and negative views of the changes proposed. The major reorganization of executive positions is likely to provide the structure for MASU for many years to come. It should not be approved so rapidly without hearing students’ concerns and addressing them.

NEWS EDITOR Christopher Balcom­­­

ENTERTAINMENT EDITOR SCIENCE EDITOR Norman Nehmetallah Allison O’Reilly ­­­ FEATURES EDITOR SPORTS EDITOR Tyler Stuart Alex Bates ­­­ ­­­ OPINIONS EDITOR HUMOUR EDITOR John Trafford Ian Malcolm ­­­ ­­­ ARTS & LITERATURE ONLINE EDITOR EDITOR Madison Downe Julia McMillan

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Natalie Brunet the general public had only been aware of the changes proposed to the makeup of the Executive on Nov. 4. I find it particularly concerning that the first time that students at large had access to the proposal was a week in which no Argosy was published, which meant that only students reading the emails sent by the MASU would have been aware of the proposed changes, let alone would have had a chance to voice their concerns. So far, off-campus councillors led the only formal initiative to reach out to students at large to hear their concerns and harness their opinions. They organized an event open to the general public on Saturday Nov. 23 to discuss the report and identify its strengths and weaknesses. While I commend these students on organizing this public forum, I firmly believe that those sponsoring the document, that is, the executive, should have sought out these opinions. Consultation should take place before, during, and after the report was written. I do not believe that the email sent out by VP Communications Matthew Ranson on Nov. 20 was a genuine or proactive manner to seek input from students on the restructure. Not only was it sent out after council had approved the matter, it also simply

Independent Student Newspaper of Mount Allison University Thursday November 28, 2013 volume 143 issue 12


Letter to the Editor On Nov. 4, Mount Allison Students’ Union (MASU) President Melissa O’Rourke presented her Executive Restructure Report, in which she proposed major changes to the makeup of the executive of MASU. The report completely redefined the role of most executives, which would now consist of a President and VP Executive running on a slate, with a VP Academic and a VP Student Affairs to support their work. Many other responsibilities were combined into hired director positions. Two weeks later, on Nov. 18, 2013, council reconvened to vote on the proposal. While some councillors raised concerns that the report was being rushed and that proper consultation did not appear to have occurred, the vote was called before even all voices within the room could be heard. In the end, the new structure was approved, subject to changes, by a vote of fifteen to nine. This proportion, while enough to approve the report in principle, is not enough to provide the two-thirds approval of council required to change the bylaws of MASU, which will need to be voted on at the next meeting on Dec. 2. I share the concerns of Councillor Beirne that the process seems rushed and that of Councillor Riley Thomson, who reminded council that



Stambouli, Natalie Brunet, Erica Roberts, Celina Boothby, Jean-Sebastian Comeau, Dorian Baker, Mike Roy


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The Argosy is the official independent student journal of news, opinion, and the arts, written, edited and funded by the students of Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick. The opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of The Argosy’s staff or its Board of Directors. The Argosy is published weekly throughout the academic year by Argosy Publications Inc. Student contributions in the form of letters, articles, photography, graphic design and comics are welcome. The Argosy reserves the right to edit or refuse all materials deemed sexist, racist, homophobic, or otherwise unfit for print, as determined by the Editor-in-Chief. Articles or other contributions can be sent to or directly to a section editor. The Argosy will print unsolicited materials at its own discretion. Letters to the editor must be signed, though names may be withheld at the sender’s request and at The Argosy’s discretion. Anonymous letters will not be printed. Comments , concerns, or complaints about The Argosy’s content or operations should be first sent to the Editor-in-Chief at the address above. If the Editor-in-Chief is unable to resolve a complaint, it may be taken to the Argosy Publications, Inc. Board of Directors. The chairs of the Board of Directors can be reached at the address above. All materials appearing in The Argosy bear the copyright of Argosy Publications, Inc. Material cannot be reprinted without the consent of the Editor-in-Chief.



November 28, 2013

Studying abroad can open new doors for students

Its something that everybody should try Anissa Stambouli Our plane sank through the fog mist hills of green and skidded to a halt on the landing strip of Shannon Airport, Ireland. It was like walking into a postcard, the landscape as lush, overcast and mystical as I’d always imagined. Arriving on campus at the University of Limerick was a bit of a shock. I’d been spoiled by the proximity of Mount Allison campus buildings, and was surprised that I only had ten minutes between classes to walk a fifteen minute distance to some courses. I was amazed by trails that cut through campus, winding through forested areas along creeks through open fields, scattered by

cottages, where cattle graze. But it took me exactly three days of living in Ireland to understand why people gave me such quizzical looks when I mentioned that I’m a vegetarian. The grocery stores devote several aisles to meats of all kind, and an even larger section to wine and liquor, but the fresh produce area was smaller than I was used to, and tofu was nowhere to be found at a reasonable price. I was craving nonmeat protein and couldn’t find proper iron supplements anywhere. It wasn’t long before I realized how highmaintenance a vegetarian diet can be when travelling to different countries, and that I’d taken Canada’s vegetarianfriendly ways for granted. I’ve been living on lentils and beans to make do, and have a good laugh at myself along with my roommates, who still don’t understand how I can get through the day without some meat. I have been fortunate in that the only cultural adjustment I’ve had to make thus far is dietary. In my experience, the Irish have been

The University of Limerick as seen from the air. (University of Limerick) welcoming, generous, and the moment they meet you are as friendly as if you’ve been their drinking buddy for years. I live with five Irish girls from different parts of the country that have

Letter to the Editor Caleb Stark In my time at Mount Allison I have been very involved with the students’ union in a variety of roles, including committee work, a position as off-campus councillor and, most recently, as Shinerama Chair. When I heard about the proposed executive restructure and the potential changes to the Shinerama campaign, I was concerned. We have one of the best campaigns in all of Canada and the continued success of Shinerama is very important to me and to many other students. The fact that these concerns were originally overlooked and the executive restructure was proposed without any sort of formal consultation was frightening. I attended the Nov. 4 council meeting and was very direct and clear about my concerns. Many councillors echoed these concerns, which put my mind at ease, knowing that others saw how the restructure would negatively impact Shinerama. During the meeting, it was proposed and supported that select staff, whose positions would be impacted by this restructure, would be consulted. This is where the real problem begins—these important discussions should be an ongoing part of the restructure process, not just an afterthought. After council mandated this consultation, I was ‘consulted’ in an unstructured thirteenminute phone conversation where no specific questions were asked. This consultation was not thorough and it did not make me feel heard or valued. I eventually received the revised edition of the restructure along with the rest of council on the morning of Nov. 18, less than twelve hours before the expected vote on the plan at the council meeting. Although I am now quite confident that Shinerama is safe with the structure currently in place, I am worried about the future success of the MASU. The position that now covers Shinerama, the Associate Director of Programming, is also expected to complete duties during the school year. After the amount of work that I put in during the summer months and beginning of September, I have apprehension toward expecting someone to be successful in the role during the school year, after a summer of such pressure. However, what concerns me is beside the point—what is troubling is that my unique experience is not being utilized to inform this document. I waited for my turn to speak, letting other unrelated discussions continue. Eventually, the question was called and voting on the report’s

approval was forced, before I had the chance to say anything. There I was, ready to give constructive feedback, silenced for the sake of timeliness. It was mentioned by the executive committee on multiple occasions that time was of the essence and that the document needed to be passed as soon as possible in order to be in place before the January executive elections. Quite honestly, this reasoning upset me. In a restructure that is going to completely change the governance of a student-funded organization, shouldn’t every apprehension be listened to and investigated? I know that I have not been properly involved in this process and would feel that it is safe to say many others were forgotten as well. If the restructure is meant to fix a broken system, doesn’t it make sense to focus on working out the kinks rather than rushing the process along? I went into the council meeting on Nov. 18 with concerns as a staff member and left with concerns as a member of the MASU. I was not welcome to criticize the process and many councillors were also effectively bullied into silence. I watched a conversation take place that was not receptive of any critique or tough questions. An entire restructure presented for the second time remained unedited and passed approval by council (opponents, never fear, the bylaws have yet to change and will not change without two-thirds ‘yes’ votes from council). But the problem does not lie solely in the restructure itself. Instead, how the plan was passed is what worries me. The idea that council had to mandate consultation, consultation that should have occurred months ago, is scary. The individuals responsible for creating this report are not experienced enough to completely restructure an organization on their own, something that should not be taken lightly. For now, I urge the students to demand transparency. If you have questions about the restructure, ask them and expect specific answers (please though, don’t hold your breath waiting). A document of such importance should have a concrete execution plan in place and there is not much evidence to suggest that this has occurred. The document that was passed in council should have been the beginning of the conversation, not the end. If you have any problems whatsoever with anything that you have observed or read, I highly encourage you to join me and attend the next council meeting—which will be held in Avard Dixon Room 111 on Dec. 2.

shown me the “craic” (fun) to be had in town, and even threw me a Canadian Thanksgiving dinner in October because they thought it would be a “grand” time to see what the holiday

was all about. The university is a fantastic resource for travel, with clubs that cater to outdoor adventuring, surfing, travel and more. Beyond campus resources, there are many affordable student tours. I spent three days exploring the west coast on a tour, partly done by bike, saw the Ring of Kerry, Dingle Peninsula, and more. I met a man on a plane who shared his sincere belief in fairies with me, explaining which parts of Limerick to watch out for because of their negative fairy energy. I’ve drank Guinness in a small town pub and watched older locals sing folk tunes with the pub performer. I’ve visited the Jameson’s distillery in Dublin for a whiskey tasting and passed through the National Museum in Dublin to view original handwritten poems by W.B. Yeats. My time in Ireland is nearly over, but I’ve experienced much so far. The best way to experience a new culture is to become immersed in it, and to take your time exploring it in your own way.

Mansbridge embarrasses with Ford interview Our chancellor’s dayjob slip-up reflects poorly on our university Richard Kent Editor-in-Chief

If you forgot to go on the Internet last week, then you missed a scrappy editorial by a editor, calling out Toronto Mayor Rob Ford for having a tenuous relationship with the truth, and CBC Chief Correspondent Peter Mansbridge for being a patsy. William Wolfe-Wylie,’s home page editor, a Mount Allison alumnus, and a former Editor-in-Chief of The Argosy, made two key points in his editorial: Rob Ford is a liar who needs to stop lying; and, to a lesser extent, Peter Mansbridge embarrassed his profession by letting Rob Ford lie to him and his viewers on the CBC’s flagship news show. To an extent, Wolfe-Wylie has it right: During the Nov. 18 interview on The National, Mansbridge did not ask a single question that the public either did not already have an answer to, or that which they could not have guessed based on the broken record that is the Fords’ public script. Instead, he and his bosses offered the Fords some twenty minutes of primetime television to promote their mythology. Unfortunately, Wolfe-Wylie spent the article tearing apart the wrong part of the problem. Torontonians (and Canadians, and everybody else on the planet who knows someone with an Internet connection) already know that Ford can’t be trusted to tell you the colour of the tie he is wearing, let alone to recount past events with accuracy. And to Ford’s credit, the nature of the scandal centred around him is more of an embarrassment than anything that could be construed as a threat to democracy. The real problem is that our news media is not doing its job of holding public figures to account. This concern was secondary in Wolfe-Wylie’s article. The CBC’s mission, among other things, is “to contribute to the understanding of issues of

public interest”; its values are accuracy, fairness, balance, impartiality, and integrity. As far as ends and means are concerned, these are not out of line with those of private news organizations, including the Canadian Press. Not only did Mansbridge fail to advance the goals of Canada’s public broadcaster, he failed to even observe its stated means. While three minutes of The National on Nov. 19 were devoted to debunking the Fords’ sillier statements, the segment featured a junior reporter, and Mansbridge’s interview from the previous day was barely mentioned. In a brief telephone interview, Wolfe-Wylie told me that since Mansbridge’s job is to read the news, and not to report, the CBC should have had its city hall beat reporter go over the footage and fact check. Still, Wolfe-Wylie, who works in Toronto, said that many reporters are unwilling to challenge the Fords during interviews, because of the risk that the Fords might simply shut down a hostile interview then and there—and an exclusive interview with the Fords is a rare event. That’s all well and good, but the fact remains: if journalists are unable or unwilling to ask the tough questions of those in power, then there is no journalism. And that this happened with a news organization as massive and powerful as the CBC adds salt to the wound. But let’s not forget that Mansbridge has another job: he is chancellor of Mt. A. The chancellor’s job is to be an ambassador—a respected public figure who inspires confidence in the university and its mission. The choice of chancellor tells the world something about who we are, and what we value. When Mt. A announced Mansbridge as chancellor back in 2009, the press release called him “one of Canada’s most respected and recognized journalists.” University President Robert Campbell said he was committed to cultivating critical thinkers. Don’t get me wrong: I am certain that Mansbridge will continue to do a fine job of shaking hands at convocation, and reading the teleprompter on The National every night on CBC. But this interview damaged Mansbridge’s reputation. And as the chancellor goes, so goes Mt. A.

The Argosy


New ligament discovered in human knees The anterolateral ligament shapes the way we view anatomy Allison O’Reilly Science Editor

About 150 years ago, a surgeon in Paris found a new body part while dissecting a cadaver. He described the found structure as a ‘fibrous band’ on the outside of the base of the knee. Since the discovery, no one has given it much thought. Not until the 1970s has the band of tissue been discussed again, when it reappeared in medical literature. The fibrous band was given many names, but no one could really pinpoint what it was or even what bones it connected. That is, until now. Two orthopedic surgeons from Belgium have finally located the enigmatic structure, and confirmed what the Parisian surgeon claimed 150 years prior – there is an overlooked ligament in the knee, and it might be important. The structure, called the anterolateral ligament (ALL), is about the length of a small thumb. The ALL sits toward the front and side of the knee, and connects the thighbone to the shinbone on the outside of the leg. Its purpose is to keep the knee from

rotating inward, researchers suggest. Steven Claes and Johan Bellemans dissected the knees of forty-one cadavers, and reported that they found the ALL in forty, or ninetyseven per cent, of them. The surgeons claim that their findings can help explain why those who have treated an ACL injury still have issues, specifically experiencing ‘pivot shifts’ which cause the knee to give way. Bellemans, who is the lead surgeon on this study, claims that about eighty per cent of his patients with ACL tears also have an injury in the ALL. Over the past few years, he and his team have been repairing the ALL when they fix an ACL tear as well, but it’s too soon to tell whether this extra treatment raises the success rate. “The precise a n a t o m i c a l knowledge of this enigmatic structure

delivered by this study could be highly relevant for clinical practice,” the surgeons say in an article published in the Journal of Anatomy. “However, further research is needed to

Environmental News Olivia White As the onset of climate change becomes more and more evident, many issues are coming to light. One of the more intimidating concerns emanating as a result of from climate change is the emergence of a new class of refugees. Climate refugees are displaced citizens forced to migrate from their homes due to environmental effects that threaten their well-being. Ioane Teitiota represents the first person to apply for refugee status as a climate refugee. He hails from the central Pacific nation Kiribati, which consists of a chain of thirty-three atolls and islands that stand mere metres above sea level. Teitioita moved to New Zealand as a legal guest worker several years ago, but when his visa expired he requested the New Zealand government not deport him and his family on the grounds that they should qualify as refugees. High tides that breach the seawalls of his community and rising sea levels that cause flooding, kill crops, and contaminate drinking water are endangering the residents of Kiribati. These factors, Teitiota argues, make his former home too dangerous and uninhabitable, and has driven him to request environmental asylum. Though Teitiota’s case is being fought only for himself and his family, it represents an imminent issue that many politicians, environmentalists, and human rights activists are concerned about. A projected 200 million to 1 billion people will be displaced by climate change in the next fifty years. Some stakeholders are requesting more action be taken on the part of countries and the international organizations. There is currently no international refugee

status that recognizes climate change. While the environmental situation in Kiribati is making life increasingly more difficult for its 100,000 residents, the conditions do not fall within the scope of the UN refugee convention. When the UN drafted its convention on refugees in 1951, it was mainly concerned with war and persecution, not environmental issues. Now, many groups are calling on governments and the UN to formally recognize the plight of climate refugees and create legislation to protect them. Though there is a lack of international legislation regarding the rights of climate refugees, some individual countries recognize their status. Finland and Sweden both passed legislation allowing people to apply for asylum for reasons related to climate change. These represent the only two countries in the world where such legislation exists. Climate refugees aren’t simply a problem for island nations experiencing rising sea levels. The continent of Africa is expected to experience increased levels of desertification and extreme weather events, that will force people to migrate within their own countries at least. Coastal urban centres in all nations will be threatened by rising sea levels and severe tropical storms. As climate change becomes an increasingly apparent issue, its effects on humans will become too great to ignore. As for Teitota, his first appeal was rejected by a lower New Zealand court on the grounds that he did not fall under the traditional international definition of a refugee. Teitiota has appealed his application to a higher court and the new verdict is pending.

establish the function of the ALL and to determine its role in clinical knee injuries.” Doctors have overlooked this ligament for decades, and Bellemans claims that it’s because it is difficult to find. “If you ask even the most experienced surgeon to look for the ALL, they wouldn’t find it. It’s in an area that we don’t usually see during surgery,” Bellemans says. Amazingly, this is the second body part to be

discovered this year. Scientists have discovered a sixth layer in the eye’s cornea. This layer, which is only fifteen microns thick, can lead to eye complications if torn. These discoveries lead us to ask: in our modern age of imaging and other advanced medical technologies, how is it possible that there are still things to learn about our anatomy? Researchers say that holes continue to exist in our knowledge because we are enormously complex creatures – the variation from one person to the next is vast. Three per cent of studied cadavers do not possess an ALL. It leads one to think about the unknown structures that could lie beneath our skin.

Arid farming a possibility Desert food security may be more than just a mirage Keegan Smith A new project in the Persian Gulf state of Qatar suggests that food production in arid Middle Eastern climates may be simpler than once thought. The Sahara Forest Project (a plan to use technology to ‘green-ify’ the desert) was able to use their single-hectare test plant to grow seventyfive kilograms of produce per square metre over three growing seasons. This is comparable to farm production in temperate Europe, in spite of the harsh conditions of the Qatari desert, which can include summer temperatures above 50 degrees Celsius. For a growing country that relies heavily on imported food, these new techniques may be the solution to an increasingly important problem of food security. Qatar has been in science news a lot lately. With education and research institutions from around the world setting up shop in the country (from the UK’s London Imperial College to Canada’s own College of the North Atlantic), and the recent creation of a longterm national research strategy, the focus of the government is away from a fossil-fuelcentred economy, and towards a sustainable, knowledge-based model. Examining Qatar’s food systems is a part of this mandate. The new system is built around a special ‘saltwater greenhouse’ – a partially enclosed growing space. Seawater is passed over a curtain at one end, and the prevailing wind carries evaporated moisture through the

greenhouse and over the plants. Water then condenses out of the air as it reaches a series of cold seawater pipes at the greenhouse’s far end, and can be gathered for further use. Electricity is also generated at the plant, using parabolic mirrors to reflect the sun’s heat, thus boiling water to drive a turbine. This power is then used to run the facility’s systems, allowing for energy self-sufficiency. In a way, this design follows an old tradition: making use of both sun and sea to sustain life in the desert (once a pearl-diving region, offshore natural gas has become the new bounty in Qatar). Beyond their initial designs, researchers were surprised to find that the leakage of cool, moist air from the greenhouse allowed plants to establish outside of its protective walls. This behaviour was exploited by the team, who grew a number of hardy desert plants in the cooled area around the site. “It was surprising how little encouragement the external crops needed,” said project chief Joakim Hauge. His group has tinkered with a number of expansive ideas, such as growing algae for biofuel or using the natural concentrating system of the greenhouse to produce salt for commercial use. They also hope to scale the project up; sixty hectares would be enough to completely replace current imports of cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants. A twenty-hectare facility in Aqaba, Jordan is already being planned. “Protected agriculture is an important option for the desert areas, particularly in the Middle East,” said Richard Tutwiler of the American University in Cairo. “The big question is economic feasibility. How much did it cost?” As the team moves towards their larger operations, it appears that we will soon find out.



November 28, 2013

Honours Profile Elise Tessier

Student researches barnacle shell production Allison O’Reilly

Science Editor

Elise Tessier is a fourth-year biology honours student. She is currently conducting research under the supervision of Ron Aiken on Balanus balanus, a species of acorn barnacle found in the St. Andrew’s region of New Brunswick. B. balanus are hermaphroditic crustaceans, meaning they contain both male and female reproductive organs. B. balanus have a limited space in which they can reproduce, as they are cemented to a substrate for most of their adult lifespan. Tessier’s research focuses on the thickness of their shells—B. balanus shells typically possess six overlapping plates and two sets of opercular plates to protect their opening. Plate thickness is due to the accumulation of calcite crystals, which builds up

on account of the tides. Determining plate thickness is important, as a thicker shell results in an increase in strength and resistance, and shells are essential in prevention from desiccating, for protection from predators, and for feeding. Her thesis is entitled “Energetic cost in Balanus balanus shell production with respect to location and seasonal dynamics.” Tessier collects samples at Pagan Point in St. Andrew’s, New Brunswick. She began collecting in October, and will continue to collect samples until March. Each month, Tessier collects thirty barnacles: ten from the centre of an aggregation, ten from the edge of an aggregation, and ten that are isolated (are cemented at least five centimetres away from other barnacles). With her collected samples, Tessier has been taking many measurements: mass of the B. balanus shell, mass of the ovaries, mass of the somatic tissue, height and width of the shell, and the area of the operculum. Tessier also sections the shell for scanning electron microscope analysis to determine thickness of the shell, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis to determine the elements present in the shell.

Tessier hypothesizes that less energy will be used towards shell production in barnacles within an aggregation than those who are isolated. She also hypothesizes that barnacle shells within the aggregation will be thinner than the shells of barnacles on the edge, due to the added protection from a group. From her research, Tessier aims to understand what influences calcification of B. balanus shells, and how animals such as B. balanus may alter their energy allocation in different microhabitats. All throughout high school, Tessier conducted research in labs, as well as competed in national science fairs. “This experience made me gear towards biology,” said Tessier. “Mount Allison appealed to me because it’s a small town, and I’m from a small town too.” During her undergraduate career, Tessier had an opportunity to complete two minors, as well studying abroad. “Doing all of this plus having the opportunity to do research is something I would never be able to do if I have attended a larger school,” Tessier says.

The species Balanus balanus cemented in an aggregaton. (Elise Tessier/Submitted)

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November 28, 2013

The Argosy’s Christmas Mixed Tape Compiled By: Norman Nehmetallah Merry Christmas from The Argosy! You can hear the mix here: “In the Bleak Midwinter”—Ed Harcourt Norman Nehmetallah: This song makes Christmas sound like a Tom Waits concert in a world without whiskey and smokes. “Christmas Song (Live in Las Vegas)”—Dave Matthews & Tim Reynold Tyler Stuart: It’s a classic for Dave lovers. Tells the story well. “Fairytale of New York”—The Pogues Allison O’Reilly: Kirsty MacColl and Shane McGowan make pure magic in this quintessential anthem for drunken Christmas love. My Mother plays this song in the car for the entirety of December. “Merry Muthafuckin’ Christmas”—Eazy-E Christopher Balcom: A classic carol to be enjoyed with the family on Christmas morning, sipping eggnog in your pyjamas. “Oh Holy Night”—Apocalyptica

Lisa Theriault: This is a nice and simple version with just four cellos. It’s stunningly beautiful.

Emily James: What girl doesn’t like Mariah Carey’s Christmas album?

“Plump Righteous”—King Khan and BBQ Show Ian Malcolm: This scraggly garage-rock instrumental stumbles out of the speakers like a drunken uncle on Christmas Eve. King Khan brings Yuletide back to its pre-Christian roots as the booziest time of the year.

“Christmas Card from a Hooker in Minneapolis”—Tom Waits Cameron McIntyre: Christmas has the uncanny ability to cover old wounds, bring us together, and spirit away the gnawing pain of life. Tom Waits briefly makes it the easiest thing in the world to believe in.

“Christmas in Killarney”—the Barra MacNeils Chris Donovan: The one song that will make me excited for Christmas any time of the year. Its celtic drums, fiddle, and lyrics that celebrate the traditional family Christmas in the heart of the Highlands warms my heart in a way that only Christmas itself can.

“Christmas Eve Can Kill You”—The Everly Brothers Richard Kent: The Christmas canon focuses almost exclusively on the spiritual and celebratory, and ignores nearly all the shitty parts of the season. This song is a beautifully constructed country-pop anthem for the dark side of the holidays.

“Skating”—Vince Guaraldi Julie Whitenect: Who doesn’t like some plinky jazz that reminds you of childhood? Nice, casual Christmas music to sit with your holiday drink and relax.

“Christmas (Baby Please Come Home)”—U2 Alex Bates: Literally recorded in the band’s spare time with the writer of the original, Darlene Love, this track is one of the few Christmas songs I can play on repeat.

“All I Want for Christmas is You”—Mariah Carey

“White Christmas”—Bing Crosby Julia McMillan: This classic is stuck in my

head all winter long, and I never get tired of it. Crosby’s crooning voice, mixed with his trademark 1950s harmonies, gets me wishing for snow every time I hear the song (and being from the Maritimes, it’s about the only time of year when I actually want more snow). “Don’t Shoot Me Santa”—The Killers Susan Parker: Featuring Santa’s psychotic side, this tune from the Las Vegas band is a staple of their festive collection. “Navidad”—The Gypsy Kings Mariyamu Namakanda: Shout out to all the people who have traditionally enjoyed warm Christmases. “Christmas in Harlem”—Kanye West John Trafford: Because it reminds me that Christmas also exits outside of the bubble of Carleton County, New Brunswick. “Please Come Home for Christmas”—The Eagles Martin Omes: I love the Eagles, and this song has a very fluid jazz/romantic feel that will fit any Christmas mood.

Seasons Greetings

Chris Donovan/Argosy

from The Argosy


November 28, 2013

Does laptop usage help or harm learning?

Mount Allison professors ban laptops in class Tyler Stuart & Taylor Losier Features Staff

Laptops are ubiquitous in postsecondary education, and Mount Allison University is no exception. In Mt. A’s dimly lit lecture halls, students’ faces glow, glued to the screens of laptops. Some professors, however, have decided to ban them in the interest of learning. A study published this summer by the journal Computers and Education has encouraged some Mount Allison professors to reconsider the role of laptops in education. The study found that the use of laptops in a university class setting actually lowered grades. The experiment had two separate subject groups take notes and then write a test on a given lecture. The first group used laptops. Those on the laptops were given tasks to fulfil that were meant to mimic the random searches of a distracted university student. The second group used pencils and paper, but were still surrounded by laptop users. The students in the first experiment who were asked to multitask averaged eleven per cent lower on the test, while the students in the second experiment who were surrounded by laptops scored seventeen per cent lower. Multiple professors at Mt. A have cited said article as a reason for their stance on laptop usage. Barbra Clayton, a religious studies professor at Mt. A, decided last year to limit the use of laptops in her class. Clayton said that laptops created a physical barrier that detracted from the classroom environment. In her course Quest for Enlightenment, students using laptops must sit at the back or the sides of the class in order to minimize distraction. “If possible, we won’t have them, but if there are some people who really feel they need them for note taking, then we will accommodate that,” Clayton said. Students have also expressed caution regarding laptops. First-year Troy Kennah usually sits in the front to avoid the distraction of laptops. “I try to avoid sitting directly next to someone with a laptop,” Kennah said. “I get easily distracted, so I just try to avoid it.” Other professors have banned the use of laptops altogether. Karen Spracklin, a linguistics professor, does not allow laptops in her Introduction to Linguistics course. “It’s important that when I look out on my class I’m seeing engagement, response, or even that puzzled look,” Spracklin said. “My policy is when I teach I give one hundred per cent, and I expect that back.” Next semester, Spracklin will teach a course on internal linguistics. For the course, she will use the lab in the Modern Languages department for Internet activities and assessments. “I’m not anti-computer; I’m not some sort of troglodyte,” Spracklin

First-year fine arts student Ali Louwagie draws in the Gairdner Fine Arts Building while using her laptop for reference material. (Chris Donovan/Argosy) said. “What I’m saying is, it has its place, and in the classroom, I prefer the action to be live.” Even Laurie Ricker, a computer science professor, does not allow laptops in her Introduction to Computer Science course. “In first year, the introduction to computing science is what we call computational thinking,” Ricker said. “That’s not how high a score on Candy Crush you can achieve.” Faria Sana and Tina Weston, the York University doctoral students who co-authored the study, were surprised by the results. While they do not believe that banning laptops is a viable solution, as some professors at Mt. A have done, they do hope that the results of the study will encourage students to use their laptops more responsibly while in class. The suggestions put forward to control the effect of laptops range from placing computer users in the back of the classroom, to asking students to turn off their Wi-Fi. There are voices speaking in defence of laptops as a powerful learning tool. Alan November, a longtime education technology consultant, wrote in an article that “if we could get past our fear of the unknown and embrace the very tools we are blocking … then we could build much more motivating and rigorous learning environments.” However, November noted in a separate article, “Why Schools Must Move Beyond One-to-One Computing,” that although he is a strong advocate for the allowance of computers in a classroom setting, “adding a digital device to the classroom without a fundamental change in the culture of teaching and learning will not lead to significant improvement.” Despite the knowledge that

laptops may hinder students’ ability to learn, some teachers have grown used to their usage. “I’ve trained myself the last couple of years to not let it bother me,” English professor Travis Mason said. “I know some of them are taking notes, but again, the depth of those notes is questionable.” November recognized these concerns. “These tools can be a major distraction from learning or they can be a major catalyst to it,” wrote November. Toni Roberts works at the Mt. A’s Purdy Crawford Centre, runs Moodle, and offers advice to professors who would like to incorporate technology into their courses. While he used to train teachers how to use PowerPoint, “now teachers are asking about things like collaborative tools,” Roberts said. Roberts noted that while laptops may be distracting, for some, they are essential to learning. “They can be very useful and powerful tools especially for people who maybe have learning disabilities,” Roberts said. “I hate this language, but they can almost be a required tool in those situations.” Mt. A’s Vice-President Academic Karen Grant said that some people see technology as a panacea, while others first focus on the pedagogy, then ask how technology can bolster it. “Part of it is about setting ground rules at the start of a class—the kind of expectations that faculty and students share,” Grant said. Multiple professors at Mt. A have done just that. While history professor Owen Griffiths allows laptops in his classroom, he warns his students of the possible negative effects of their use.

“I worry that if people are so intent on taking notes and interacting with their laptops, they are perhaps not interacting with the class.” Griffiths said that laptops have pedagogical potential if used as a tool. “Computers are wonderful devices. They allow me to present my ideas in a more coherent way than I was able to do with earlier technology,” Griffiths said. “When it comes to laptops with students, I’m kind of agnostic.” Griffiths said that he does not have enough empirical data to ban laptops from his class at this time. “I’d like to do an experiment where we would [not have] laptops in the classroom except that which is used by the prof,” Griffiths said. English professor Robert Lapp has approached the idea of a devicefree classroom as an experiment in his course, Literature in the Arts and Humanities. “Right from day one, we said, ‘We are going to have a devices-free classroom, including us,’” Lapp said. According to Lapp, while his classroom itself has no electronic devices, the course “is not a hit on technology generally, because the course itself is right up robustly on Moodle with all the bells and whistles.” One problem Lapp encountered with his experiment was the dependence of international students on technology. Sumire Iijima, a first-year student from Japan, said that if she does not know how a word is spelt, dictionaries are hard to use. “When I encounter the terminology, I need to look it up on the computer because dictionaries are not enough for those kinds of words,” Sumire said. “It is really necessary for us.”

Sumire, who lived in Chicago for a year when she was six-yearsold, said that the level of English proficiency of international students varies greatly, as does their need for laptops. Canadian students voiced similar concerns. Justin Manuel, a thirdyear English major, said that laptops usually help him in class, despite the fact that some students use them as a distraction. “It’s different if there are people watching a video in the middle of class, or just sitting there giggling looking at Facebook,” Manuel said. “If you are doing that, then why are you even there? But there are legitimate uses for laptops.” Despite the pedagogical potential and pitfalls of laptops, professors push to expand the minds of their students. “This is the best computer that they have,” Ricker said, pointing to her head, “and so that’s the one I encourage to bring to class every day.” November wrote that a paradigm shift might be needed to incorporate laptops in the classroom so that they benefit pedagogy. “It will be the courageous educator who works with students to explore the power of these tools and in turn empowers students to be lifelong learners and active shapers of a world we cannot yet imagine.” Professors engaged with recent studies and debates over laptop usage have taken the first step toward this exploration—even those who have banned them. “Maybe we have to separate the machine from what it does and how we use it,” Griffiths said. “I think computers are an incredibly wonderful tool. When we treat them as more than a tool, I think that’s where we run into trouble.”

The Argosy


A recent study on laptops encouraged some professors at Mount Allison to ban the use of laptops in their classes to enhance student learning by reducing distraction. (Nick Sleptov/Argosy)

Troy Kennah

I don’t sit next to students using laptops, but I think laptop use in class should be allowed. Although I do find them to be distracting and prefer not use one or be sitting next to someone who is, I think that if it works for you, great! This isn’t high school where there is a seating arrangement and the teachers’ baby you and make sure your doing your work instead of browsing Facebook. This is university – where if you want to use a laptop, you have every right to do so, because at the end of the day you should know what works for you. I know I learn by writing down notes with a classic pen and paper, because if I use a laptop I get distracted. But, some people I know use laptops on a daily basis, and it works just fine for them. Whatever works best for yourself should be what you use. Period. I know that avoiding laptops works for me and I will continue to do this, but everyone’s different.

Toni Roberts

E-learning expert Tony Bates declares that, “Good teaching may overcome a poor choice of technology but technology will never save bad teaching.” Technology, by his account, does not ensure good teaching. Only good pedagogy can do that. Equally, students using laptops in the classroom does not ensure good learning; only good habits ensure good learning. Laptops in the classroom can prove helpful and at times a necessity. Students with learning disabilities may find laptops invaluable to their learning. Others may also find the same. When a concept, idea or definition presented to the student is unfamiliar, they can search for content on the fly to clarify the issue, thus helping them understand further related material. However, laptops can be a physical barrier to learning and further a distraction. Facebooking, emailing, etc., take students away from the focus of the classroom and their learning. Much like faculty must think about teaching with technology, students must think about their learning with technology.

Karen Spracklin

Let’s be real: laptops are not the real problem. It’s the attitude toward learning that is at the heart of the matter. Our students have come to Mount A to get an excellent education, not just a diploma. Why let any hindrance - whether Facebook, or funny cat videos, or Letterpress, or the myriad gems readily available at the click of a mouse detract from that? In my experience, laptops in class are, simply put, a distraction to self and to others, and a huge discouragement to the professor who’s teaching. In a communication-oriented class like mine, nothing could be less inspiring than a sea of heads bowed and faces aglow... not from a cognitive awakening, but from the blue light of a rectangular screen. To the charge that I might be reflecting only a professor’s point of view, I submit that over my career as a student, I have sat under many a professor who used the topic at hand - whether or not I found it immediately relevant - to transmit valuable knowledge, and it was always my responsibility (choice is overrated) to latch on or to let go. It comes down to that. There are (debated) studies galore on the merits and pitfalls of laptops in the classroom. For me, it’s always about the shared responsibility of learning.

Owen Griffiths

Computers are amazing tools. I’ve been using one since my first Apple IIe in 1986: 20K on the desktop, 5 ¼” floppy disks, and a huge dot matrix printer. Since then I’ve gone through any number of PCs and Mac, desktops and portables (my first weighed 25 pounds). With the rise of the internet in the late 1900s I plugged in like millions of others and gained access to volumes of information in a format I could never have imagined even five years earlier. But it was still just a tool. Now, I have an encyclopedia/dictionary/thesaurus/library/recording studio/entertainment centre/shopping mall – all in a package that weighs less than my old floppy drives. But it is still just a tool. The computer facilitates my teaching and research, helps me learn new music, and lets me keep in touch with others. But it doesn’t make me a better teacher, researcher, musician, or communicator. Access to information has been a godsend in many ways but I am still responsible for turning that information into knowledge, that is, into something useful beyond the intrinsic value of the information itself. I may be a dinosaur to my students (I don’t text, tweet, or Facebook), but my amazing Mac is still a tool, a means to an end rather than an end in itself.

Ryan Harley

Technology doesn’t make learning engaging. It can’t save bad teaching and it certainly doesn’t do bad learners any favours. It is a tool, and like any other tool one needs to know how to use it. The use of laptops in classrooms can be an enormous convenience and an enormous distraction. It entirely depends on how they are used. On one level, it democratizes class discussion. Everyone has instant access to references and sources, so a higher level of discussion can take place. Not only that, but the class material is more vulnerable; it can be more easily challenged or nuanced with updated information. On the other side of the desk, using technology for instructional purposes can be an asset—if it is used well. The use of technology should not be considered a mark of innovative teaching; innovative uses of that technology to better convey course material and reach learning objectives should be.



November 28, 2013

Lucas Hicks and Motherhood play at Ducky’s Pub

Both bands play hot indie jams on a cold night Ryan Burnham There were already a few small crowds forming in Ducky’s Pub at around 9 pm on Saturday when Sackville native son/rocker Lucas Hicks and his supporting drummer/ Newfoundlander Brendan Allison took to the stage, kicking off a nice evening of East Coast indie rock. Although the show started a tad late, in typical Sackville fashion nobody noticed and, perhaps ironically, Hicks began his set with “Take it Slow.” Hicks then proceeded to belt out some of his hits from the past year, including “Day Off ”, as well as newer songs like “Bad News.” Hicks’s local notoriety effected some playfulness from the crowd, such as when a member of the audience roguishly shouted “you’re only nineteen!” in response to Hicks’s suggestion that nostalgia was an prevalent influence on his work. After a solid set by Hicks, Fredericton band Motherhood took Ducky’s into their warm embrace. The bar felt like an explosion right off the

Moncton’s Motherhood play to the crowd that local openers Lucas Hicks and Brendan Allison warmed up at Ducky’s on Saturday evening. (Nick Sleptov/Argosy) bat, as guitarist and vocalist Brydon Crain and bassist, keyboardist, and vocalist Keylee Stevens both hit it with a shared intensity and passion. Drummer and vocalist Adam Sipema rocked hard, drawing much of the room into the musical orbit of Motherhood. Both acts played with a style best suited for George’s Roadhouse,

but despite this, it was great to see the local hotspot, which usually does not host shows, sounding tight on an early Saturday evening. The Sackville-based Hicks has a history with both the venue and Motherhood. He said, “I’ve played with them a few times, they’re great.” Hicks said that Ducky’s “is a

really interesting place, because it’s closer than George’s, and there’s plenty of cheap booze.” On a cold night, these are important factors to consider in choosing a venue. Motherhood recently released their third album in June, titled Diamonds + Gold, which is available on Bandcamp. Also available to check

out on the venerable music sharing website is the single “The Coast // Bad News”, the latest offering by Lucas Hicks. Be sure to give them a listen, if you are into that sort of thing. Ryan Burnham is the News Director at CHMA.

The Argosy’s Media Reviews

Emerging from the Yukon, Old Cabin’s eponymous album is escapism at its best. Contrasting the ups and downs of being surrounded by people, with the lonely contentment of nature, the lyrics emphasize the insignificance of all problems in scope, allowing for the optimistic to drift through the depressing tone. The instrumentation does not really fit the theme though, verging on an excessively full-bodied indie sound with no traces of the minimalism the lyrics suggest. The mismatch is manageable but leaves something to be desired. The amount of polish put on the album is a little on the heavy side, and overproduction leaves several songs bereft of emotion. Although the first track, “Sandstorm Daughter”, and the last, “Stuck In a Tree”, stand out as special. The album is worth a listen for these tracks alone, or for fans of Damien Jurado’s particular brand of folk. - Cameron McIntyre

After the release and welcoming reception of Marine Dreams’ self-titled debut for Pigeon Row Records in 2011, the band is back once again with their follow-up, Corner of the Eye. Featuring Attack in Black’s Ian Kehoe in full force as lyricist, vocalist and instrumentalist, Corner of the Eye explores themes of relationships, heartache and self-reflection. Each track features glossy guitars and simple percussions, which feel reminiscent of pop music in the 1960s and 1970s. Former Attack in Black bandmate, Sackville staple, and You’ve Changed Records artist Daniel Romano serves as producer on this album, along with a wealth of added talent from a few fellow You’ve Changed label-mates. Through this musical union, Kehoe’s songwriting and Romano’s production feel entirely genuine, a quality that shines throughout the album and hooks the listener almost immediately. Highlights of the album include “Guarding My Love,” “Faces” and “How Can I be so Misunderstood.”

On the whole, Girl Most Likely is less than the sum of its parts. Although it has a few great moments, I still came away not terribly impressed. The film stars Kristen Wiig (of Saturday Night Live fame, among other things) as Imogene, a failed playwright who, after a nervous breakdown, goes home to New Jersey to live with her mother (Annette Bening) and brother (Christopher Fitzgerald). Many of the movie’s jokes are good, but seem to pull back just before becoming great. The one exception to this is George Bousche (Matt Dillon), the boyfriend of Imogene’s mother; every other thing out of his mouth is comedy gold. Everyone else, on the other hand, while performing ably, is fairly by the numbers. The writing is fine, but not fantastic, and the plot and where it goes is fairly obvious from the get-go. Girl Most Likely is a fun time, to be sure, but one that fades quickly.

Alfonso Cuarón’s Gravity is a strong a case for the single-thread narrative. By now you’ve likely heard of how immersive an experience the film is, luring audiences with its thirteen-minute unbroken opening shot and never looking back.. The camera is just another member of the floating crew, which is studded with Ryan Stone (Sandra Bullock) on her first mission and Matt Kowalski (George Clooney) on his last. The director of photography is Emmanuel Lubezki, the best cinematographer working today. He was previously snubbed at the Oscars for his other Cuarón collaboration, Children of Men (2006), and for his work on Terrence Malick’s The Tree of Life (2011). While not a career best, Bullock does deliver a fine performance despite a bit of overmanipulation of her character from the script. Above all, though, Gravity succeeds as a pure movie-going experience, and should be enjoyed in 3D and on the largest possible screen available.

- Sam Moore

- Austin Landry

- Mike Roy

Old Cabin Old Cabin

Marine Dreams Corner of the Eye

Shari Springer Berman & Robert Pulcini Girl Most Likely

Alfonso Cuarón Gravity

The Argosy



Patches holds a punk fundraiser for Scott Jones Asian Dad Black Baby make ear plugs necessary Cameron McIntyre Entertainment Writer

Last Thursday, Sackville’s most infamously condemned house venue, Patches, hosted a trio of bands that ranged from hardcore punk to metal. The proceeds of the pay-what-you-can event all went toward supporting Scott Jones, a former Mountie who was brutually attacked without provocation and paralyzed last month in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. So loud that ear plugs were provided, Loud Buttface Grunge, the brand new Asian Dad Black Baby, and GREASEBEAST whipped up a lasting mosh pit and a good show to boot. Although hindered by some gear problems, including a broken bass string that put a delay right in the middle of the performance, the Moncton based Loud Buttface Grunge had a successful first performance in Sackville. Standing in for the traditional guitar of the average three piece punk band, a mandolin took the lead, with effect after effect layered on the tiny instrument. For the most part, it played its role nicely, even making little additions to the sound, such as a slight upward twist to the riffs, that drove their songs forward.

Moncton’s Loud Buttface Grunge, Sackville’s Asian Dad Black Baby, and Moncton’s GREASEBEAST play three loud sets in the Patches basement. (Nick Sleptov/Argosy) Despite fitting right in to the kind of sound that characterizes the current trends in Sackville, the band suffered a visible anxiety about the set that led to a little bit of jitteriness and a dropped song. Their discomfort was exacerbated by a set that did not seem to be locked down to a tee, but still came across well. The debut of Asian Dad Black Baby started off with a sound check that made ear drums shudder with glee. The first unified effort from the Sackville trio, all dressed in matching attire, was

all the crowd needed to begin the happy ritual of bashing into one another in utter disregard for all sensation but the music. Their bareback, hardcore punk was remarkably raw. Pounding lyrics were repeated over the length of entire songs or with remarkable speed, made only possible by guitarist Jamie Fagan’s rap pedigree. For a first performance, they blew all expectations out of the water with the sheer power of their short, yet satisfying, set. Moncton’s GREASEBEAST finished the show and furthered the

night’s descent into hardcore, adding some black metal elements as well. Keeping the mosh pit going, the band alternated between towering crescendo with heavy, pounding instrumentation and gritty, but refined, screaming. Their music was dark, large, and lumbering, but finesse was at its core. With breathtaking experimentation, particularly through heavy guitar distortion, GREASEBEAST kept their music unconfined, unpredictable, and spontaneous and the excitement mounted through their set.

A low-ceiling concrete basement with minimal lighting could not have been a more appropriate spot for the DIY punk show. The fundraiser packed the tiny basement, coming and going with absolutely no merchandise available with which to remember it. Not that it needed it—the show was one that undoubtedly stuck out as one well-curated and well-performed.

Quit ruining Christmas! Tantrum Art to host dance Holiday-themed music can only be magic in moderation Cameron McIntyre Entertainment Writer

As November once again trickles away, the holiday season looms before us. Akin to all the years before, people are already getting into the holiday spirit and Christmas music is undoubtedly pumping out across every PA system in every mall in North America. The process seems so excessive, particularly in the case of music. While nothing embodies the holiday spirit more than the music that strings the season together, nothing is more abused at the same time. A machine fired up as early as November, becomes so tired by the time Christmas Eve actually rolls around that it is unable to serve its original purpose. Our eagerness to usher in the holidays and unwillingness to let them go makes them commonplace and ordinary, and the enchantment of Christmas is lost. Fortunately, unique to any other time of year, Christmas brings humanity together. If there is anything that makes us all willing to help one another, and love our neighbour as much as we love ourselves, it is easiest to see at Christmas. We’re surrounded by it by just walking down the street. It’s in the music, too. All music shares its own bit of emotion but Christmas

music seems particularly effective at doing so. The songs we are all familiar with are able to reduce us to tears or raise us—and everyone else around us—up. The cultural context we all seem to fall into one way or another gives us a great medium. All emotion becomes easily conveyed and all music sharp to the touch. But Christmas cannot be a month-long event. It cannot be bought in bulk, yet we treat it that way. Christmas is not having more: it is having less and sharing. Drawing out the holiday is asking too much from it, and too much from us. Forcing a holiday spirit to exist for a month exhausts everyone involved, and makes its final climax so utterly determined and prepackaged it becomes boring. There is no spontaneity left in Christmas, the only surprises being the ones under the tree. The context that raises the music up is lost, squandered by a million attempts to drag it out for a month. Christmas music has its special place in our hearts and helps make the holiday as joyful as it is. But over doing it just steals all that is magical away from it, making it boring, repetitive, and irritating, early December is not the time or place for Christmas music to consume all aspects of life; when it is devoid of the immanent oncoming of Christmas, it is a hollow shell of its former self and loses all meaning. The music has the ability to move us from the loneliest lows to the highest highs, or cast our defences away, leaving a raw ball of emotion. We should all enjoy Christmas music, but it is best enjoyed in moderation, allowing for genuine emotion to come through.

Head over to the Ship’s Log on pg. 9 for a special Christmas mixtape from the staff of The Argosy! Don’t listen to it too much, though.

party at George’s Roadhouse

The HomeGrown Meats of Tantramar section at the SaveEasy stocks local meat. (Chris Donovan/Argosy)

Free taxis and food to celebrate local meat at Sackville SaveEasy Norman Nehmetallah

Entertainment Editor

Those who have ventured into or past the meat aisle of the Sackville SaveEasy may have noticed certain stickers adorning a few of the packages. These stickers, which say “HomeGrown Meats of Tantramar,” indicate that the meat comes from local livestock farmers. Pickles European Deli is sponsoring a dance party at George’s Roadhouse on Nov. 30 to celebrate the arrangement. HomeGrown Meats of Tantramar is a local brand that represents the livestock farmers of the Tantramar area. The event will be celebrating its retail debut at Sackville SaveEasy and the Shediac and Dieppe Co-ops. In a reprisal of the lineup for this year’s Sackville Fall Fair Battle of the Bands, Tantrum Art, Max Grizzly & the Entertainment, and Rocket Culture will be performing. The lineup was well received at the Fall Fair. Tantrum Art is a Sackville-based blues rock band comprised of

Mount Allison professors Steve Law, on bass, Frank Strain, on guitar, Tim Reiffenstein, on keyboards, and David Hunter and Tom Hearn of Pickles on drums and vocals, respectively. The band is scheduled to play from 10:15 pm until 11:30 pm. Max Grizzly & the Entertainment, who formed as a Mt. A house party band, will be opening the show at 9 pm. The band features Luke Trainor, of now-defunct local mainstay Bolivia, and the notably deep-voiced Peter Halpine. The band’s set at the Fall Fair was commendably energetic, with band members making their way into the crowd to lead an almost choreographed dance routine. They have a track on the 2012 edition of Conduct Becoming. Moncton’s Rocket Culture will be taking the stage after Tantrum Art. The band is a funk rock collective and was equally well received at this year’s Fall Fair. Pickles European Deli, which David Hunter of Tantrum Art owns, is sponsoring the event. Their sponsorship includes free appetizers and free taxis via Sackville Cab to George’s Roadhouse. The free cab service will be for parties of four or more, and will be available both to and from the concert. The event is pay-what-you-can, with all profits going toward the Sackville Food Bank.



NOVEMBER 28, 2013



An interview wiTH GREASEBEAST







01 SEBASTIN GRAINGER* Yours to Discover (Merge)

02 DIANA* Perpetual Surrender (Paper Bag) 03 SAID THE WHALE* Hawaiii (Hidden Pony) 04 KAPPA CHOW* Kappa Chow (Bruised Tongue/Killer Haze) 05 The Arcade Fire* Reflektor (Merge)

06 DEATHGRIPS Government (Self-Released) By Ryan Burnham 07 Haim Days Are Gone (Columbia) 08 DISCLOSURE* Settle (Interscope) 09 LORDE Pure Heroin (Universal) 10 Various* Craft Singles Volume 3 & 4 (Craft Singles) 11 BANDED STILTS* Little Village (Self-Released) 12 ASTRAL GUNK* Straight Up James Dean (Nervous Service) 13 TOUGH AGE* Tough Age (Mint) 14 VIET CONG* Cassette (Self-Released)

19 THE KETAMINES* You Can’t Serve Two MAsters (Mammoth Cave)

16 Pat lepoidevin* American Fiction (Self-Released) 17 KASHKA* Bound (Se;f-Released) 18 OWEN STEEL* Time Machine Blues (Self-Released) 19 PUP* PUP (Royal Mountain) 20 HOODED FANG* Gravez (Daps) 21 THE DARCYS* Warring (Arts & Crafts) 22 THE CITY STREETS* Pretenders (Clamour) 23 THE CREEPSHOW* Life After Death (Stomp)


Photo by Amanda Boss

Ryan Burnham recently sat down in the CHMA office with Greasebeast (Luke Patterson, Julian Munghand, and Joshua Landry, in absentia: Mario Ferrari) to talk about The RPM challenge, influences, and food. To read the full uncut interview check out CHMA’s music blog at chmamusicalmusings. RB: First of all, you guys sounded really tight at the Patches show, how long has Greasebeast been together as a band? JL: We started, it was just us two (motioning to Luke) in about September 2012. Once everything was together and it was all of us, that was around March. JM: Yeah, around March. But then we were off all summer, too. (Laughter) We were on hiatus as soon as we started. LP: Yeah, we had a show together and then I left, and so did Josh. So we’ve really only been a band and in the same place for about three or four months. Josh and I wrote a bunch of songs and worked on them for awhile first, though. RB: You guys participated in the RPM challenge last year, right? LP: That’s right, we were kind of together before that, but that was why did a recording firstly, and that’s the only recording we have out. (Laughter) JL: Multiple all very bad quality recordings RB: Do you guys have any new music releases coming up any time soon? LP: Well, I don’t know. We’re going to do a recording and we re-do any songs we do have on the internet, but with some new additions. I think we’ve got a thirteen or fourteen song album that we’re going to try and record and release. JL: Our plan is yeah, record right after exams-ish, and put out


SPOTLIGHT #31: DOG DAY Fade Out (fundog) Dog Day, hailing from Halifax, will be releasing their fourth full length record on the 10th of December, just in time for xmas... although, there’s not an upbeat track in the mix. The cover art evokes a trip into the void, which is reflected in the melancholy tone of the album. Strongly reminiscent of classic East Coast punk, this album is full of melodic, mid-tempo, and eerie-sounding jams in the same vein as their last album, Deformer. As we’ve come to expect from Dog Day, everything about the album is consistent, from the packaging to the overall whatever. Come out to see them rock George’s fabulous Roadhouse on Friday night with local favourites The Mouthbreathers!


25 The Wilderness OF MANITOBA* The Leslieville Sessions (Popguru) 26 TEEN DAZE* Glaciers (Lefse) 27 The WEllington Folk* August (Self-Released) 28 Various* Arts & Crafts: X (Arts & Crafts) 29 Ghettosocks* We’re Gonna Drink Alot of Wine (Science) 30 BANKS* London (Harvest)

31 DOG DAY* Fade Out (fundog)


a thirteen track tape. RB: I could ask you what musical influences led to the creation of Greasebeast, but I’m actually much more interested in what sort of music you guys are psyched about right at this very moment. Lots of responses tossed out, Monster Voo Doo Machine, Warrant, and Vince Gill, to name a few. LP: I don’t know what I’m super stoked on, hmmm (pauses) what about you Josh? JL: I’m still going on a major Full of Hell kick, RB: What does a Greasebeast eat, and is anybody safe? JL: I don’t think anybody is really safe. We’re all kind of at risk. For whatever it eats JM: We’re all just at risk of becoming part of the Greasebeast, LP: I think it’s a little bit deep down inside of all of us, just waiting to emerge. The greasy in everyone. Sometimes you do geasy things, and you’re arguably a beast. Everyone’s got a little greasy spot on them. JL: Everyone’s gone to McDonald’s after drinking once or twice. JM: Getting a little grease smudge somewhere. RB: Do you guys have anything else you want to talk about? What direction is the Greasebeast going to charge in next? LP: I think we’re going to try and do some shows, we really want to try and do a bunch of shows soon, some out of town stuff would be really cool. We’ve been talking about playing with Asian Dad Black Baby again. LP: We would love to play the Legion maybe, or possibly Struts in December. Everyone can pull their noses out of the books, or whatever they’re doing. (Pauses for a moment) I certainly don’t have my nose in anything right now. (Laughs) I read Stephen King. I’m not in school anymore, haha.


Stereophonic Launch Party dog days & The MOuthbreathers FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 2013 GEORGES ROADHOUSE $8 - 19+ 10:00 PM


November 28, 2013

Women push winning streak to five games Volleyball team is hot headed into the Christmas break Alex Bates

Sports Editor The Mount Allison Women’s Volleyball team will head into the Christmas break on a fivegame winning streak in the Atlantic Collegiate Athletic Association (ACAA), and a guaranteed tie for first place in the conference. Their straight set victory over the Holland College Hurricanes (25-21, 25-12, 25-13) has added to their already long list of dominant performances under new head coach Paul Settle. The Hurricanes had not won a set in almost two years, and the Mounties, a perennial playoff contender, looked to ease through the Sunday afternoon match. The first set was contended, with the Mounties winning only 25-21. The team came out looking calm and relaxed against their ACAA foes. At one point in the set the Mounties only led 2119, and Settle had to call a time-out to regain his side’s focus. With the team’s composure regained, the Mounties were able to close out the set. The second set was much different. The Mounties shot out to a 10-2 lead and never

The women head into the Christmas break on a five game winning streak. (Chris Donovan/Argosy) looked back. They were able to win the set easily 25-12. Mt. A was dominant and able to control play with what seemed like a flick of a switch. With a win, the team could guarantee themselves a place atop the ACAA standings

for when the 2014 portion of the season picked up. Mt. A used this to push them through the third set, opening up a 6-0 lead before winning by a final score of 25-13. The match ended on a set error by the Hurricanes’s Tabitha Trecartin. Holland College’s athletes looked

The meal plan: king, prince, and pauper Breakfast really is the most important meal of your day Célina Boothby ‘Eat breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince, and dinner like a pauper.’ It’s a simple rule, and it will ensure you stay on track with nutrition. Around the last week of classes we are all cramming papers, lab reports, quizzes, and presentations, but it is important to remember not to cram meals in as well. It may be difficult to fit in a homemade meal three times a day, but if you are interested in staying on the healthy-diet track, when you eat your meals is just as important as what you eat. A study done at the Women’s Hospital in Boston found that people who eat lunch before 3 pm every day lose up to twenty-five per cent more weight than people who eat a heavy meal after 3 pm. This is related to our ‘fat tissue clock’, otherwise known as our circadian body clock that is responsible for all bodily functions. Our bodies follow a strict time schedule, and when food isn’t present during usual feeding times, it goes into ‘storage mode’ and grabs any calories left. This undoubtedly sets us back on our weight loss goals and leads to weight gain. So when should we eat? In the mornings, our bodies are better

prepared to cope with higher glucose foods. That is why breakfast is the most important meal of the day, as our bodies are rearing for any food thrown at them. Ensure breakfast is eaten like a ‘king’, which involves protein from eggs and lean meats, oatmeal or fibre, as well as something dairy like yogurt or a glass of milk. Don’t be afraid to be full after breakfast, as this will help you focus in class, too! Eat a strong lunch like a ‘prince’ before 3 pm, usually consisting of foods that will keep you full until dinner time: for example, a tuna sandwich on sprouted grain bread with a side of carrot sticks and grapes, plus a hearty bowl of soup. Finally, eat like a ‘pauper’ for dinner. You shouldn’t be excessively hungry by the time dinner rolls around, so stick to a small stir-fry loaded with veggies and a protein, or even a small piece of fish with a side of steamed veggies. All in all, ensure that you are eating at around the same times every day. This way, your body is expecting the caloric intake and it won’t be surprised. Our bodies like to run on a consistent clock. When we confuse it too much with meals at sporadic times (or not at all), weight gain is imminent. Tip: plan meals ahead of time on Sundays so that there is no excuse during the week not to stay on your healthy eating track during this busy academic time. Stay healthy folks! Célina Boothby is Mount Allison University’s Health Intern

disheartened by the results of their efforts in the third set. They must have believed that their strong first set showing might allow them to be competitive in the match. Settle’s side throttled their opponents and only seemed to get better as the match went on. Mt. A’s Sydney Umlah had seven of the team’s total twenty-three kills. Hurricane Nikki Baker led her squad with three. The Mounties have now competed in seven matchups, winning five. They have a total of ten points, and currently lead the Mount Saint Vincent University Mystics by two points. They will need to be worrisome of the Mystics’ side, who have only played four games, compared to Mt. A’s seven. Results of the Mystics’ Wednesday, Nov. 27 matchup against the Dalhousie Agricultural Campus Rams were not available before publication, but the team’s dominance will put them as a heavy favourite against the currently third-placed Rams. If the Mystics are able to win against the Rams, it will push their record to five wins and no losses, and there will be a tie for first place as the seven competing teams head into the Christmas break. The Mt. A squad will now wait almost two full months before they take to the courts again. On Jan. 12, the Mounties will take on the Rams in Truro. This could be a potential semifinal matchup and both sides will look to gain the advantage in the standings. Mt. A has lost to St. Thomas in the semifinal two years in a row now and will try to not repeat that again in 2014.

Better Know a Mountie Ali Rehman Benjamin Foster Sports Writer

Mount Allison students have a reputation not only for their great academic qualities, but also for being great all-around individuals who get involved around campus and make a difference in the lives of others. Case in point: Ali Rehman. Rehman is a fourth-year commerce student who was born in Montreal, Quebec and moved to Calgary, Alberta when he was young. He has been a mid-fielder for the lacrosse team at Mt. A for four years now, but he doesn’t stop there. He is one of the executive directors of the Commerce Society; he is the lacrosse team’s representative; and he coaches lacrosse during the summers. When talking to Rehman, you can tell that he has a lot of knowledge to share—and he loves doing it. “I really enjoy coaching younger guys. I’ve been told throughout my career by coaches that I would be a great coach. I love seeing guys get better,” he said. He coaches lacrosse at a highperformance camp hosted by former lacrosse player Geoff Snider each summer. His experience and leadership skills will help him succeed in any type of role he gets after leaving Mt. A. He got involved with the Commerce Society at the end of his first year when he received an email that interested him. “I decided to go to the interviews

for the executive, even though I didn’t know anyone, and next thing I know, after a good interview, I got a call. And soon after that, I got initiated.” Rehman is a guy with many interests, including many types of music (he says country is his favourite). He played every sport he could when he was young. But his favourite will always be lacrosse. “At age eleven, I was playing pickup basketball with my dad when I saw another kid playing lacrosse close to our home. My dad and I went and picked up some sticks and I have played ever since,” Rehman explained. He played the highest level of minor lacrosse (both box and field) possible every season until he left for university, and in his last year of minor his team won the Alberta provincial championships. From age eighteen to nineteen, he also played junior “B” lacrosse in the summers. He had been recruited by colleges in the United States, but ultimately chose Mt. A. Rehman attended Mt. A for one reason, more or less: his dad was an alumnus who played on the football team for two seasons. Rehman hadn’t even been to the Maritimes before. However, he liked the idea of smaller classes, not to mention the big investment the school had just put into its commerce program. Once he arrived, he was inspired to get involved after he noticed how many opportunities the university provided its students. Over his four seasons of lacrosse at Mt. A, Rehman has steadily improved

and is now the team representative. As team representative, he is responsible for everything from paying league fees to making sure the field is ready before games. Rehman says that this year’s team, though very young, is one of the best teams he has been a part of. “Practicing with your team and just giving each other shit, chirping them, and just being part of a team—as long [as] the moral is high and everyone is improving, that’s what I love about the game,” Rehman said, discussing his favourite memories of playing lacrosse. Now in his final year at Mt. A, he plans to get a job in marketing. Whatever he does next, Rehman is sure to succeed with his positive mindset. “Coming together as a group of diverse people with different values and interests as one single unit and being successful like that, [is] the epitome of what society should be. We need to all help each other do the little things right and do everything for the common good.” Mt. A should be proud to produce a student athlete like Ali Rehman.


September 5, 2013

Year in Review

Sex Bomb

Mounties title season best in sixteen years

The proper way to stuff your partner’s Christmas stocking In many respects, the holiday season is a time for warmth, family, generosity, and introspection. While many of these things can seem contradictory, or even be entirely absent, for some, the holidays are generally considered to be a time of merriment. However, in the realm of popular culture, the dark underbelly of this festive time is not far from the spotlight. Familialinduced binge-drinking skyrockets, consumerism creeps down every chimney, and the ethical implications of mass mendacity toward children rears its ugly head. To combat the effects of these unpleasant holiday realities, you might want to consider some ‘family-making’ time to counterbalance your family time. While many consider sexual roleplaying to be a little too strange or silly for them, the holidays are all about embracing the painfully corny and somebody wearing a silly costume to make another person happy. With this in mind, the mythology surrounding the season provides a dozen or more

ready-made sexual scenarios. While an insatiable Santa Claus spending some quality time with his scantily clad elves is a classic, don’t be afraid to go beyond this tired situation. Try reenacting what was going on behind the closed doors of that biblical, at-capacity inn. If you’re a secular celebrator, try extrapolating scenarios from classic holiday films: Just because it was the Grinch’s heart that grew three sizes at the end of the story doesn’t mean you can’t choose a different part of your anatomy for your role-playing adventure. Art, once out of the artist’s hands, belongs to the masses. Often, a couple’s sexual life can be harmed by a lack of communication. If one partner has a desire, he or she can’t reasonably expect his or her better half to pick up on it without some cues. Asking your lover to make a dirty ‘Holiday Wish List’ is a fun and lowpressure way to keep communication at the forefront of your sexual escapades. Do you want to introduce a new toy into the bedroom? Want to

stuff a different stocking? Or perhaps you just want to introduce some light, consensual gift-wrapping into your love life? Put it on your dirty holiday wish list. Whatever you do, don’t forget that one thing should always be the focus of your holiday endeavours: warmth. If you’ve never done the deed by a raging fireplace, you’re missing out on a key practical and atmospheric component of holiday sex. Have a cup of candy cane hot chocolate ready for when you finish your romp. However, be wary, reader: It’s never, ever a good idea to have sex on a full stomach. Christmas dinner may fill you with a drunken, lusty cheer, but, for reasons that should be too universally understood to mention, do not act on it. Seasonal sex can be the most fulfilling sex you have all year. The spirit of generosity, the desire for warmth, and the idea of systemicallyenforced cheer are all working in your favour. Go forth and spread joy far and wide.

Mt. A suffers two weekend losses Mounties downed 5-2 and 6-2 in AUS action

In early October, the Mount Allison Mounties football team was sitting last in the Atlantic University Sport (AUS) conference after winning just one of their five games. It looked as if the Mounties were destined for another season of mediocrity. But this team was not like former Mt. A squads: they chose not to give up, and ended up with the most successful season since 1997. “We all realized the fact that we needed to win out, and everyone bought into it,” kicker Kyle McLean said. The Mounties shocked the AUS, winning their last three regular season games and finishing second in the conference. Running back Jordan Botel won the Chris Flynn trophy as most outstanding player of the year in the AUS, leading with 758 yards and six touchdowns. Kelly Jeffrey won the conference coach of the year, and receiver Stu Moore won the AUS Community Service award for his efforts. The Mounties hosted their first playoff game since 2010 and beat the Acadia Axemen 19-10. This was their first playoff victory since 1998, which advanced them to the Loney Bowl. Mt. A faced off against the Saint Mary’s Huskies in the Loney Bowl in Halifax. The game felt like a home game because of the daunting Mt. A presence at the game. The Mounties won the dramatic game 20-17, scoring ten points in the last five minutes. Mountie fans charged the field and their team lifted the fifth Jewett Trophy in Mounties history. Josh Blanchard received Loney Bowl MVP. This victory gave the Mounties the chance to host the Uteck Bowl for the first time ever on their own grass at MacAulay Field. They played the unbeaten Laval Rouge-et-Or. “It feels like Springsteen is coming to town,” Jeffrey said of the occasion. With a crowd of almost 4,000, the Mounties held their own in the Uteck Bowl but lost 48-21. This marked an end to an inspiring comeback season that Mountie fans will not soon forget. “We started off really slow, but persevered through the tough times and ultimately accomplished what we wanted to do. It’s been unreal,” quarterback Brandon Leyh said. 2014 will bring high expectations for the team after the magical 2013 season.

Swim team with another successful year in 2013 At last year’s Atlantic University Sports Championships, the Mount Allison Men’s Varsity Swim team finished second, while the women came in fourth. The highlight of the weekend was when the men’s 4x100 metre freestyle relay team of Colin Vale, Joseph Blackwood, Jeff Loewen, and Mitchell Peters snatched the gold medal away from the defending champions, Dalhousie. This year, the team has posted high results, having finished second at Acadia earlier this month, although the men’s and women’s respective positions have been reversed. The women’s team has finished second overall at two out of three swim meets. The women’s success so far is due not only to strong swimming by the veteran swimmers, such as Marya Peters and Zoee Leblanc, but also to the addition of several rookies. First-year student athlete Allison Loewen already has two Canadian Interuniversity Sport qualifying times to her name, while Laurel White, a versatile swimmer from Prince Edward Island, has made a place for herself on the relay team alongside Loewen. The men, while gaining a strong addition in rookie swimmer Dylan WooleyBerry, lost three of their members from 2012-13, which accounts for their lower results. However, veteran swimmers Jeff Loewen, Blackwood, and Andrew Reeder, among others, have had solid swims over the past three meets, and the men’s team continues to place high in the relay events. 2013 was a prosperous year for the Mt. A swim team, and they will look to make a splash with Allison Loewen and Marya Peters at nationals.

Benjamin Foster Sports Writer

The Mount Allison Women’s hockey Mounties travelled to play the top two teams in the Atlantic University Sport (AUS) conference this weekend and left both games disappointed after a pair of losses. On Friday, the Mounties faced off in Antigonish against the Saint Francis Xavier (St. FX) X-Women, who are ranked fourth in the Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS). The Mounties were overpowered by the unbeaten X-Women and lost 5-2. The Mounties let up two goals in the first period, followed by two early goals in the second period to put the team in a 4-0 hole with just over half the game to play. The Mounties did not give up and managed to score two power play goals near the end of the second period. Courtney King scored on a pass in front of the net from Shelby Colten. She beat X-Women goalie Sojung Shin high over her glove side; Jennifer Dillon also assisted on the play. Then, just twenty-seven seconds later, Emily van Diepen closed the X-Women lead to just two when she knocked in a rebound on a shot by King. St. FX’s lead proved to be too much, and the Mounties couldn’t capitalize on any of their opportunities. Both teams had chances, as there were a total of thirteen penalties in the game. The X-Women added an insurance goal in the last minute of play. X-Women forward Erin Brophy had two goals and one assist, and AUS leading scorer Alex Normore picked up a pair of assists to increase her lead to eight points. Kate O’Brien played

Mt. A sits out of a playoff position with six points. (Erica Roberts/St. FX) nets for the Mounties and played well as she faced forty-three shots. Mt. A only managed seventeen shots in the game. St. FX also dominated in the face-off circle, winning over sixty-five per cent of the draws. The X-Women have been dominating the entire AUS this season, outscoring opponents 45-12 in their ten wins. On Sunday, the Mounties were once again unsuccessful in upsetting another elite team in the AUS. This time they lost 6-3 to the Saint Mary’s Huskies (SMU) in Halifax. The Huskies opened up a quick two-goal lead in the first five minutes of the game on goals by Maggie Poliseno and Caitlyn Manning. The game was then scoreless until the Mounties scored on a power play in the second period. Lindsay James scored the goal, assisted by Courtney King and Mackenzie Lalonde. SMU then took a commanding 4-1 lead with two second period goals, and Mt. A never mounted a charge after that.

The Mounties scored all three of their goals on the power play. After the goal from James, Kara Anthony picked up the other two. Van Diepen picked up two assists in the game for Mt. A. Kate O’Brien was in net for her third straight start but did not play as well in this game as she did against Moncton and St. FX. She left the game early in the third period after letting up five goals on only twenty shots. Keri Martin replaced her and let in one goal on five shots. Despite losing 6-3, Mt. A had the advantage in shots 30-26. With three points this weekend, King is fifth in AUS scoring with ten points in eleven games. The Mounties are currently last in the AUS with a record of three wins and eight losses. They will play their last two games this weekend before a long break. On Thursday Nov. 28, they will play against the Dalhousie Tigers. On Sunday, they will play against the St. Thomas Tommies in Fredericton.

Soccer teams focus on small successes in 2013 The Mount Allison Varsity Soccer teams head in different directions in 2013. The women’s team hosted the Atlantic University Sport (AUS) playoffs and faced off against Acadia in the quarter-final matchup. Battling extreme conditions, they were ousted 1-0 in a strong performance from both sides. Mt. A had one of their best performances all year, but couldn’t beat opposing keeper Caroline Wood. This is the second year in a row the team made an appearance in the AUS playoffs. The young core of players will guarantee their presence in the upper echelon of AUS women’s soccer. The men’s team was in a real bind this year. Many of the starters are set to graduate before the beginning of the 2014 season, and they knew this would be their last chance to go into the AUS record books. With the emergence of returning students Kevin Seely, Anthony Maddalena, and Christopher KorabLaskowski, the Mounties finished the season with nine points, ten points out of a playoff start. They will send off many of their starters, including AUS second-team member Adrian Crace, goalkeeper Jonas Hammar, and striker Connor McCumber. Both teams will look forward to the 2014 campaign and continue to move on from their successes in 2013.

Beninger destroys 2013 ACAA competition In only his first year of Atlantic Collegiate Athletic Association (ACAA) crosscountry, John Beninger ran circles around the competition. Beninger won all four individual events in the men’s competition, and the team was able to win the team event at the ACAA championships in Moncton. Beninger was crowned gold medalist and Men’s Champion for 2013. Cassidy Langley was the top performer for the women’s side, and consistently strong finishes from Claire Henderson-Hamilton and Haruho Kubota allowed Mount Allison to sweep the 2013 team event.

The Argosy


Zastrozzi captivates Windsor Theatre audiences George Walker’s gothic classic discusses revenge and artistry Daniel Marcotte

Arts & Literature Writer Windsor Theatre housed its third major production of the semester last weekend, with Zastrozzi, the Master of Discipline taking the stage. Directed by Glen Nichols, Mount Allison’s director of dramatic arts, the play is an evocative mediation on ideas of revenge, morality, and artistic accountability. Loosely based on Percy Shelley’s 1810 gothic novel Zastrozzi: A Romance, the play was adapted in 1977 by Canadian playwright George F. Walker. It depicts Zastrozzi, the selfproclaimed master criminal in all of Europe, and the culmination of a three-year plot to locate and take revenge upon Verezzi, the Italian artist and religious “visionary” who killed Zastrozzi’s mother. Assisted by the cruel thug Bernardo and the seductive Matilda, Zastrozzi devises a plan to exact her vengeance, all the while being beset by intricate love triangles and Verezzi’s faithful caretaker, Victor. In both the original script of the play and Shelley’s book, Zastrozzi is male; however, Nichols has reconfigured the story so that the character is a woman, which subtly encourages an analysis of gender politics of the production. Cat McCluskey starred in this lead role, and armed with a rapier, and a cold, malicious glare, McCluskey took the audience on a provocative journey into the ambitious and atheistic mind of Zastrozzi. From her commanding presence to her vicious yet calm composure, McCluskey eloquently embodied Zastrozzi’s complex and dangerous persona, relentless hatred of her rival, and the character’s persistent belief that “all artists must be answerable to something.”

The cast of Zastrozzi show off their costumes that combine both historic and contemporary elements. (Windsor Theatre) The artist in question, played by Sean Baker, is a character whose professions of divine influence contrast sharply with the degenerative nihilism of his hunter. Baker excellently captured the whimsical and occasionally delusional mind of Verezzi, and combined a comedic narcissism with an overdramatic gaiety that ultimately helped reveal Zastrozzi’s irrational diligence in pursuing such a seemingly harmless character. Towards the end of the play, it becomes evident that Zastrozzi merely enjoys her role as a regulator and the preoccupying purpose that her hunt provides. She eventually lets her nemesis escape

after a clash of blades, and as McCluskey sat in Zastrozzi’s corpse-ridden prison and uttered the character’s final lines: “I like it here,” one could feel a collective chill run down the audience’s spine. One notable feature of the production was the use of fight choreography and swordplay. Directed by Paul Del Motte and Mike Griffin of the drama department, this element added a degree of authenticity and excitement to the performance. Duellers throughout the production were also required to navigate an intricate maze of steps that made up the innovative stage design,

which was modelled after Zastrozzi’s abandoned prison in the final scene and subtly represented the twisted and tortured mind of the play’s vengeful protagonist. From the very composition of the stage to the vibrant costumes and expertly delivered dialogue, Zastrozzi was easily one of Windsor Theatre’s most riveting and engaging performances in recent memory. Windsor Theatre’s next major event is the weekend of Nov. 29 and 30 in which it will host an evening of one act plays, including “Sexual Perversity in Chicago” by David Mamet, and two short plays by Anton Chekhov.

Alex Francheville unveils exhibition ‘I Just Can’t’ START hosts unique, immersive exhibition Jean-Sébastien Comeau Third-year fine arts student Alex Francheville brought his work to the student-run START Gallery, and quite ironically, “I Just Can’t” proved to be everything I could ask for from an art exhibition. Concentrated towards the back of the gallery, the visitors remained condensed, creating a warm, informal and welcoming atmosphere at the Nov. 22 gathering. There seemed to be a striking contrast between the displayed pieces and the atmosphere that reigned throughout the evening. While Francheville’s work featured quite heavy subject matters, the event’s laid back and humorous mood contradicted the themes espoused in his artwork. A black piece of construction paper reading “only Alpine :P” written in crude white paint placed on top of the freezer set the informal and amusing tone of the evening. Visitors were about to make an incursion into Francheville’s own

world in a very personal, yet familiar fashion. Francheville’s exhibition was a beautifully orchestrated amalgamation of pieces ranging from his first year at Mount Allison until this year’s fall term. “I’ve definitely stayed fairly consistent [throughout this period],” Francheville said. “I’ve been working in the same type of thought process for a while.” The subject matter was quite unique: coming from Moncton, his hometown was omnipresent throughout his exhibition, and his themes were depicted through images of familiar Moncton landmarks. Bernice McNaughton, Francheville’s high school, was subtly featured, and Champlain Place was depicted in a full-blown, extremely detailed drawing of the food court and its inhabitants. “It’s really personal – it’s all from my own standpoint. […] It’s kind of an immersion into my own world,” Francheville said. “[Because of this] region and social demographics become really important,” he added. “Even though most of the things are made up, they’re all based off my own world.” A self-portrait depicting him as a hairy, obese, and naked man sporting a singular breast, laying in bed and clutching onto his cell phone and

Francheville’s self-portrait captured the most angsty and insecure corners of his reality. (Chris Donovan/Argosy) wallet embodies the idea of being able to depict things very honestly, leaning into the grotesque, angsty and insecure corners of his reality. “I think I have a fairly pessimistic view on a lot of things,”Francheville said. Despite this, he underlined how much he “enjoys the idea of finding beauty in something grotesque and ugly—not changing it to beautify it but showing it in a way where you sympathize with something that you normally wouldn’t be presented.” The artist used techniques that seemed to fall directly in line with

the themes explored: ripped pieces of cardboard and loose leaf were quite often used as canvases. “I like the idea of dropping the value of what you’re working on and not holding any value other than basic aesthetic values of it – just it being a drawing and not worrying about formalities. I’m more interested in making art than setting out time and having some ‘done right’. […] The supports or what materials it’s made with are completely secondary to the image,” noted Francheville. Alex Francheville’s work is not

something that directly struck me with a clear-cut, defined meaning: it is something that I had to digest and take the time to reflect on. Furthermore, Francheville’s ability to transpose his own reality and internal struggles into his work and subsequently creating something that caters to a broader audience and something to which an outsider can relate is absolutely fantastic. Francheville doesn’t anticipate having another exhibition until he has a new collection of work, but needless to say, I shall be waiting impatiently.


November 28, 2013

Style Profile The must-have items this holiday season Dorian L. Baker With Christmas and the Holiday season just around the corner, it’s time to admit that winter has arrived. And what better time than now to start considering which items to put onto your Christmas list, and what might you like to get that special someone? In the fall it’s fine to walk through campus in a sweater and deck shoes, but with soon to be snow-laden grounds and below freezing temperatures, just the thought of leaving the warmth of my bed gives me a chill. Thankfully, we can now dig deeper into our closets and pull out the heavy jackets, boots, and other trappings of our winter wardrobes. When temperatures drop, my two most essential items aside from my jackets have to be my Blundstones and fur hat. Boots are a necessary item for winter weather. Investing in a good pair of boots will not only save your toes now, but you will likely get many seasons out of them. With so many options out there it can sometimes be difficult

to decide which boot is for you. The men’s trend right now is in leather boots and tall boots that lace. Some popular styles include Blundstone, Timberland, and Bally. For women, the classics remain in style from brands like Burberry, Blundstone, and Hunter. For the adventurous among us, try a pair of thigh high boots in leather or suede. There are of course always less expensive options available at most large department stores. Try checking out stores like H&M, Target, or Zara for trendy seasonal items, but be prepared to sacrifice a certain level of quality or longevity. Another must have winter item is a warm hat. Hats make great Holiday gifts, and can be found in any price range. When choosing a hat I’d say the most important thing to consider is the material. A genuine wool or cashmere hat will do much better than a synthetic wool when it comes to warmth and longevity. If you love fur, a great way of incorporating it into your wardrobe is with a hat. Subtler than a jacket and considerably less expensive, but still a statement piece. Most authentic fur hats can be purchased for between $200 and $1000. But even though a fur hat is an undoubtedly fabulous winter accessory, alas the price of real fur is a bit outside the range of a typical student budget. A good way to


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get around the steeper price of fur is to check out your local thrift shop, since they typically stock vintage furs during this time of year. They’re usually just as authentic, and you can find furs of all kinds (think stoles and coats) for a reduced price. Other great gifts include small personable items, like scarves and socks. If you’re like me, somebody in your family is always gifting you with enough socks to keep the laundress feeling like Cinderella. However, something that I do enjoy to both give and receive is a quality pair of cashmere socks. The wool is obtained from cashmere goats and provides excellent insulation while being incredibly lightweight and soft, unlike sheep’s wool. Seriously, if you haven’t owned a pair of cashmere socks yet you don’t know what you’re missing! The best thing about this gift is that you can really go to town when it comes to styles and colours, and still manage to keep a balanced budget. My personal favourites are those from Ralph Lauren, which come in at around thirty dollars a pair. If you’re looking for something more substantial, a scarf from Burberry or Alexander McQueen will be the perfect gift to spoil that special someone with. Whatever you choose, best wishes this Holiday season!

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Apply online! Deadline: Wednesday, January 15, 2014

This holiday season, take a cue from Burberry and incorporate stylish boots and scarves into your winter wardrobe. (Jacob Sutton/Burberry)

On Friday night, over fifty people gathered inside Sackville’s Royal Canadian Legion. A demographically mixed bag of students, faculty, and young professionals (with more than a few who don’t fit any of those descriptions), they had one thing in common: they’d came to hear the Baked Ham presentations. There is a level of serendipity in that fact: the theme of this speaker series is to find the common thread between seemingly unrelated topics. The Baked Ham has been a quarterly Sackville event for years. The organizers, Leah Garnett and Paul Henderson, deliberately choose two unaffiliated speakers to give thirty-minute talks. The hope is that commonalities between the two presentations will become evident through a final discussion period with the audience. The first speaker, Georgia Klein, a Mount Allison professor of geography and environment, discussed her research work in Antarctica, both aboard the German icebreaker Polarstern, and at the Neumayer scientific station. With a slideshow

for visual aid, she discussed the psychological fortitude required to perform grueling scientific work in the cold, to spend months in endless polar darkness, and to survive the “ancient and sadistic swearing-in ceremony” that is used to welcome new researchers on board the Polarstern. As she wove her narrative of adventure, hardship, and seasickness, Klein also discussed the finer points of life in the Antarctic: waiting for the “First Sun” of the year with frozen tequila sunrises (the German ship is the only one with a bar), learning new techniques in the field, and exploring the Neumayer station’s apparently endless supply of Weetabix cereal. And of course, there were a lot of pictures of penguins—unafraid and adorable, the birds were often a nuisance for the scientists as they worked. After Klein’s talk, the floor went to Amanda Hachey, a leadership strategist and co-op developer, for her musings on society’s relationship with our leaders. The characteristics of great leaders (which she refers to as ‘thought leaders’) are, to Hachey, quite different from those we see in our real-world leadership. This is particularly visible in the prizing of extroverted personalities as leaders. Extroverts often talk their way through the thinking process, and this is perceived as ‘charismatic.’ “But charisma means ‘in touch with your own gifts’”, Hachey reminded the audience, suggesting that introverts (with their tendency towards introspection) might make

far better leaders. When policy is based on an extrovert’s use of speech to process thoughts, problems arise in governance. “It’s about asking good questions… I find it refreshing to hear a leader say ‘I don’t know,’” she said. Hachey further commented on the nature of gender equality in business and politics, saying, “It’s not about counting genitals… it’s not gender, but masculine versus feminine energy!” The question period after the talk gave rise to a number of stimulating discussions. Perhaps the greatest link between the talks was a shared sense of frustration surrounding the idea of inactivity and a lack of progress. Klein experienced frustration regarding people’s attitudes towards the environment. “If you’ve always wanted to go to Antarctica and you can afford to go as a tourist… don’t,” she said. Humans have done enough to harm it, but as Klein observes, we have done little to benefit it. “No one does anything to change until we’re in a time of crisis… the time for doing nothing has passed,” said Klein. Hachey was frustrated with the fact that some people who could be good leaders have no desire (or incentive) to enter into leadership positions, giving rise to the same old political class. Both speakers agreed that making changes requires a degree of energy, and seeing ineffective behaviours or thought processes continue through inaction is frustrating in any kind of leadership situation.


Blessed Cindy of Byzantium is the patron saint of terrible music played at high volumes. She serves as the divine intercessor for the neighbors who blast dubstep through your cardboard walls at 3am on any given weekday. She was martyred in AD 260, after the pious jams playing on her old-school Hitachi 3D95 kept the heathen emperor Valerian awake for two nights in a row.

Saint T Bone the brewskibearer partied hard. Dude was mad pious in his drive to consume all manner of divers ales and bitters, and church history asserts that he never once turned down a beer he was offered. Canonized after his intercession allowed a priest to miraculously transmute beer into urine, T Bone is the patron Saint of belching and headaches.

November 28, 2013

Fluffy the Al l-Adored of Corinth se rves as the patron saint of online procrastinatio n, and is the heavenly advocate of all who sp end their time superimp osing inane phrases onto images of unsuspecting felines. Hagiographers and historians agree that Fluffy was hella cute, and his lil’ mitten paws were said to inspire fits of blubbering glossolalia in followers.

Patchy the Hieromartyr was an early-church Orthodox bishop known for his God-given predilection for for terrible wagers and unwise bets. The miracle which allowed for his canonization involved the self-removal of his left eye after the primate of Antioch ventured five dollars that he couldn’t. Saint Patchy’s winnings funded a church’s construction.




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The Argosy, November 28 2013  
The Argosy, November 28 2013