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Town council opposes Energy East (Pg. 5)

Students respond to fine arts Show and Sale (Pg. 12)

Mt. A’s coding team headed for success (Pg. 7)

Rethinking freedom of speech(Pg. 15)

Fucking in love since 1872

Mount Allison’s Independent Student Newspaper

COVER: LOGAN MILNE, HOME ALWAYS, OIL ON CANVAS, 2016. February 16, 2017 Vol. 146, Iss. 16

02 NEWS Mount A community holds vigil for victims of Quebec Mosque shooting



Speakers affirm solidarity with Muslim communities



NADIYA SAFONOVA Politics Reporter A vigil of solidarity and friendship for Muslim communities took place in the Mount Allison chapel on Sunday, Feb. 12. Planned by the Chaplain’s Office in partnership with the Chaplaincy Advisory Group and the Sackville Clergy, the vigil gave the Sackville community an opportunity to mourn the victims of the Quebec City mosque shooting and show its support to Muslims in our communities. Reverend John Perkin began the ceremony with an address: “We gather this evening in an act of solid remembrance, in display of solidarity, and as an act of hope. We come together to say that the Canada we know is a Canada that stands in unity in its mosaic. In its diversity of peoples and religions, races and ideas, there is strength. We come together as a community to mourn, to memorialize, to express solidarity and friendship, especially to our Muslim friends and neighbours, to signal hope.” Community members shared excerpts from sacred texts from many different traditions, prayers for peace and understanding, and words of consolation and solidarity. Attendees

also wrote messages of love and care, which were then posted around the chapel. Fourth-year student Maureen Adegbidi shared her thoughts on the problems within Canada that have been highlighted by the horrific Quebec City shooting. “Canada often acts like we’re exempt or above this kind of violence, but the mosque shooting was a reminder that that’s simply untrue,” she said. “Islamophobia is a Canadian problem, not one magically created by the American right.” Third-year student Bridget Melnyk also attended the vigil. “I think the vigil did a beautiful job of reminding us to see each other complexly, instead of [making assumptions]. Some of us are new to religion, or left it, or converted; some of us believe in God [and] some of us don’t, but there are things about all of us that you’ll only know if you ask,” she said. Melnyk added that she felt inspired by the number of people who gathered for the vigil. “It’s so easy to feel like everyone is against you these days, but the chapel was full of people from a hundred different little boxes, all striving to do better and be a community,” she said. Third-year student Ehsan Noori recognized that more needs to be

CEREMONY INCLUDED REPRESENTATION FROM PEOPLE OF MANY DIFFERENT FAITHS. RYAN MACRAE/ARGOSY done to address this type of terrorist violence. “I think vigils are good starting points in fighting xenophobia and racism,” Noori said. “However,

this is not the end of our task. We must continue to fight racism and bigotry.” ”Here in Canada, here in Sackville,”

Perkin said, “we respond and we stand together to affirm welcome, understanding, appreciation, friendship and community with all.”

03 Profile: Black Students for Advocacy, Awareness and Togetherness NEWS




Black Students for Advocacy, Awareness and Togetherness (BSAAT) is a campus club and support group run by students. Previously named Rooted Only on the Strong (ROOTS), BSAAT got its current name in 2014 when Dia Minors, a Mount Allison student at the time and now an alumnus, became president. In a Facebook message to the Argosy, Minors wrote that she changed the name “so that there [would be] no confusion in regards to who we were and what our mission was.” The “advocacy” part of the name, Minors explained in a CHMA interview recorded in 2014, stands for the “support of black students and all of their varieties of experiences here on campus, from the good to the bad…and the ugly.” “Awareness” is included in the name so that “people are aware of the issues and differences, and the mosaic that

make up our experiences here.” Finally, the term “togetherness” is “not only for black students having solidarity for one another, but for the larger Mt. A community to come together in solidarity with us and make this community stronger by strengthening all its smaller parts.” Minors said she initially got involved with BSAAT (then ROOTS) “almost accidentally.” She was invited to a meeting at the International Centre to discuss Black History Month events and met the ROOTS president, who was graduating that term. “Before that semester I felt incredibly isolated; I had almost zero interactions with other black people and I was constantly being racialized by my white ‘friends’ and residence members as the ‘sassy black girl,’” she wrote. “It was exhausting.” “To make a long story shorter, I decided I wanted to take over after [former president] Shafayne left and create something that I thought was missing: A safe space for black

students,” Minors wrote. Fourth-year student Victoria Monsanto, the current president of BSAAT, first got involved after the clubs and societies fair in 2014. “They waved at me to come over. The were really inviting; they wanted to make sure that I felt my voice was heard, that I was an important member,” she said. “In my first year, I didn’t say much in the group, because I wasn’t sure where I would fall [since] they were already a group. But I went and I listened, and every time I would learn something new,” Monsanto said. She added that she “felt validated when other people would bring up things” she had felt or experienced but had never heard expressed at Mt. A. All members of the 2015-16 BSAAT executive and many allies graduated last year. “This is my first year [as an] exec for anything, so I’m still learning,” Monsanto said. “[I’ve been] learning how to be more assertive in certain areas and also learning how to depend on people.”

BSAAT has regular meetings on Wednesdays at 7:30 p.m. in room 125 of the Wallace McCain Student Centre. Monsanto encourages curious students, whether black or allies, to attend a meeting. “We’re open to allies because we want issues that aren’t necessarily known to the public to be made known,” she said. “You can just come and say, ‘I want to help out, and I don’t really know how.’ There’s a place for everyone at every base of knowledge.” Monsanto also pointed out that there are many articles and resources online. “You don’t have to go up to a black person and ask a question. If you need things elaborated on [after you have looked it up], come to the group, bring this up.” Unlike last year, BSAAT currently has more black members than allied members. “This year it’s more of a safe space for us,” Monsanto said. “But I want to see where we can go in the future, make our presence known on campus. We just want to celebrate

our culture, express it and share it with others.” BSAAT is organizing several events in recognition of Black History Month, including an Afro Diaspora Music Night at the Pond on March 3. “[BSAAT has] people directly from Africa, the States [and] the Caribbean area….We all have different background cultures, and we want to display the music from our areas and have a night where we just enjoy things and have fun,” Monsanto explained. However, both Minors and Monsanto emphasized the importance of putting on events throughout the school year, not just during Black History Month. “For people of colour, it’s not just one month; these are things we make note of every day. We think it’s important to continue – we shouldn’t just have one month,” Monsanto said.


Mt. A students waiting for student loans frustrated with late tuition fees CAITY BRAWN Contributor

On Monday, Feb. 6, Mount Allison’s registrar’s office sent an email requesting that students with outstanding tuition and fees, at that point overdue by two weeks, pay them. Accompanying this was a message threatening to cut off university services. “Email, library privileges and meal cards may be suspended on or after Feb. 15, 2017,” the email read. Students who already had outstanding loans were charged a $75 late-payment fee. For many students who rely on government loans and grants to cover the cost of their tuition and fees, this came as a surprise. Students who rely on government loans are bound by their loan or grant release date, which is often set after the tuition deadline. Students can request a payment deferral 10 days after the original payment due date, which they were able to do on Feb. 3 this year. Sybil Goulet-Stock, a third-year student who relies on Quebec student loans to pay tuition, was frustrated when she was contacted by the registrar’s office for outstanding payments even after having requested a payment deferral. “Mt. A is well aware that I don’t have my loan… but I started to get those ‘threatening’ emails…even after they had granted me an extension,” she said. For students living in residence, a message indicating that services

will be suspended can be daunting. During her second year at Mt. A, Corinna Paumier, now a fourth-year student, paid her tuition late because of a late government loan release date. “I was in residence then and they told me they were going to cut off my meal hall privileges,” she said. Many students who rely on loans or cannot make payments on time for other reasons are frustrated with the late-payment fee. Students who owe fees and don’t have additional funds on top of their government loans and grants may be placed in a particularly difficult position. Paumier, whose government loan did not cover her entire tuition balance this semester, feels that the university does not accommodate students who do not have extra money at their disposal. “As much as I understand them having an extra charge [for late payments], for low-income students, that is a lot of money. That extra $75 is coming out of my paycheck,” she said. “$75 could be food for a whole month for me.” Paumier also said the financial aid process at Mt. A can be daunting. “It’s a long process to apply for those grants.” For students with disabilities who need to apply for supplementary grants for materials and tutor hours, the loan and grant process can be much more convoluted. For Sarah MacKinnon, a fifth-year psychology and commerce double major who accesses these services through the Meighen Centre, the

process of applying for government loans was difficult. “Especially when you’re going through the disability process, you have to re-submit materials before you can get your loan. You have to apply for your student loan once you’re already in school, which is stressful,” she said. When MacKinnon received the

late-payment email, she was under the impression that the school had already received her government funding. “I would have paid the money [from my line of credit] if I had known,” MacKinnon said. This experience has left a poor impression on many students. “For them to message you only once it

[becomes] a problem is neglectful on their part,” MacKinnon said. “This is not something I have time to worry about.” In an email to the Argosy from the registrar’s office, a representative said that “Mount Allison does not have access to individual student loan release dates.”






Stories from New Brunswick tree planters

Compiled by JILL MACINTYRE News Reporter POPULATION DECREASE IN NORTHERN N.B. According to data from the 2016 census, northern New Brunswick accounts for much of the population decrease seen across New Brunswick in the past five years. The Campbellton-Miramichi region dropped from 158,741 people in 2011 to 154,351 in 2016, a decrease of 2.8 per cent. The data shows that both Anglophone and Francophone communities have been impacted, as well as both rural and urban communities. New Brunswick was the only province in Canada to experience a population decrease in 2016. TREE PLANTING CULTURE IS DIFFERENT IN EACH PROVINCE. IZZY FRANCOLINI/ARGOSY

MONCTON THE MOST POPULOUS CITY IN PROVINCE According to the 2016 census, Moncton has surpassed Saint John as the most populous city in New Brunswick. Greater Saint John currently has 126,202 people as of 2016, which is a drop of 2.2 per cent from its 2011 population. Greater Moncton’s current population is 144,810, which is a 4-per-cent increase from 2011.

HEALTH CANADA TO RANDOMLY TEST MEDICAL MARIJUANA PRODUCTS Last year, Moncton- and Toronto-based medical marijuana producers Organigram and Mettrum recalled their products voluntarily due to the discovered presence of prohibited chemicals, including myclobutanil, bifenazate and pyrethrins. This recall affected nearly 25,000 customers and led to reports of ailments and a potential class action lawsuit. Health Canada will now begin randomly testing batches of medical marijuana products to check for the presence of banned pesticides.

NEW PROVINCIAL BUDGET RELEASED The new provincial budget was presented to the legislature on Tuesday, Feb. 6. The expected 2017-18 deficit of $192 million is forecasted to be paid off by 202021, when they expect to run a surplus of $21 million. There were also major departmental budget increases as a result of the HST tax increase, including a 3.3 per cent increase in Health, a 4.9 per cent increase in Education and Early Childhood Development, a 5.4 per cent increase in Post-Secondary Education and a 17.6-per cent increase in Tourism, Heritage and Culture.

FINANCE MINISTER FAILS TO COMMIT TO CARBON PRICING FOR 2017-18 Despite indications made in 2016 by Premier Brian Gallant, Finance Minister Cathy Rogers did not commit to instituting carbon pricing for 2017-18 in the recently released provincial budget. The Trudeau government is giving provincial governments until 2018 to adopt their own carbon pricing system before it will be federally imposed.

CATHERINE TURNBULL News Editor Popular in Canada, tree planting is a phenomenon in which young people spend their summers in forests across the country, planting saplings in varying terrains, usually for reforestation efforts and mostly through private companies. Canadian tree-planting culture varies depending on the location of the job. While most tree planters in British Columbia live in bush camps while they plant, New Brunswick planters often live at home during the season. For 60 years, J.D. Irving Corporation’s Woodlands Division has been employing students to plant trees during the summer in different regions of New Brunswick. Their website advertises good pay for the job, but cautions that the work is hard. Every year, representatives from the Woodlands Division hold an information session for interested Mount Allison students. The Argosy spoke with current and former tree planters about their experiences tree planting in New Brunswick. Gultaj Sangha, a fourth-year psychology student, heard about tree planting through friends and worked for Irving’s Woodlands Division for two years. “My experience planting was fantastic. The people I planted with were great people, always ready with a quip or funny anecdote to help [us] get through the monotonous days,” Sangha said. “The pay was fantastic….You worked hard throughout the day and planted as many trees as you could, as we were paid by the number of trees we planted. The hours to begin with were quite arduous, as we started our days around 3:30 or 4 a.m. The working conditions were varied. We planted through rain or shine, only stopping for thunderstorms due to

the inherent danger of being in a largely empty field. “The Irvings treated us fairly well and were open to hearing complaints or concerns about the job,” Sangha said. Laura Phinney, a third-year fine arts student, has planted both in New Brunswick, for Irving, and in western Canada. Phinney said planting for Irving was “so different and not nearly as fun as planting out in western Canada. It’s less organized, at least [in] my experience. You are planting in trenches, though, so it’s a lot creamier ground than the ground out West. “[In New Brunswick] I was only getting 6 to 7 cents per tree and planted one species the entire time, whereas I got 11 to 17 cents out West and planted up to three different species a day. Here in New Brunswick, the hours are basically from 4 a.m. to 2 p.m. You meet in a parking lot and drive for an hour to two hours to the block.” Phinney said she usually planted until 1 p.m., depending on how many trees had to be planted. Phinney said that though it was common to see planters return year after year in western Canada, she only had two or three veteran planters on her crew in New Brunswick. “Generally, way more people return to plant out West, mostly because of bush life, I would say.” Luke Patterson, a Sackville resident and veteran tree planter, has planted in New Brunswick for both Irving and Community Forests International (CFI), an independent organization based in Sackville that focuses on sustainability. Patterson has also planted in northern Ontario. “I really didn’t like planting for Irving,” Patterson said. “We were paid as a crew based on hectares covered that day, [which is] not great if your crew was lazy like [mine] was.

“I found the focus on quality of the planted tree was minimal [with Irving]. They used Pottiputkis, which are like a tree gun kind of thing, and they were mostly just going through the motions of planting trees, not really trying to do a good job and just focused on ‘covering ground.’ The pay was [worse than] what you can make in a per-tree or -piece work scenario. I quit Irving after two weeks.” “The other times I’ve planted in New Brunswick were much different,” Patterson said. “I was working for CFI. It was a small crew of personal friends who were focused on doing a good job of restoring native species, not just slamming a monoculture of pulpwood species [into the ground]. We were paid well for our work and we worked reasonable hours.” However, Patterson said that CFI isn’t an option for everyone, as it is a small crew with limited-to-no openings this year. “You make typically more money working in Ontario and further West,” Patterson said. “I work in British Columbia and Alberta now and the pay, generally speaking, is much better. I find it much easier to get up and go out for a day of planting when I wake up in a bush camp, in my tent, as opposed to my comfortable, warm bed at my house. The overall experience is much more rewarding when you get to travel to, live and work in remote regions.” Patterson said that planters looking to work for a private planting company might expect higher travel and equipment costs and a greater standard of difficulty. “All that said, I think planting in New Brunswick can be a great experience, and a great summer job,” Patterson said. “You get to be outside working hard every day, you should for sure make good money and you’ll be filled with self-satisfaction at the end of the season.”




THURSDAY, FEB. 16 Interdisciplinary Conversations 4:30 p.m. /Owens Art Gallery BSAAT Presents: Chapati-making & Discussion 6:30 p.m./University Chapel, Manning Room MTA Symphonic Band and jazz ensemble, 8 p.m. /Convocation Hall Riotous Film Society presents A Girl Walks Home Alone At Night 7:30 p.m./Library Theatre Tesla Quartet recital 8 p.m. /Brunton Auditorium Dance Party with DJ Ian 10 p.m./ the Pond

FRIDAY, FEB. 17 & SATURDAY, FEB. 18 Winter Mini Fest, Feb. 17-18 9 p.m./Thunder & Lightning Enjoy your Reading Week!


TOWN COUNCIL MOTION IN OPPOSITION TO ENERGY EAST: WHEREAS global climate change is a real threat and the extraction and burning of fossil fuels exacerbates this threat and, WHEREAS transporting diluted bitumen through Canadian communities, sensitive ecosystems and waterways is demonstrably dangerous to health and safety and, WHEREAS encouraging and investing in such activities would not be consistent with our stated goals of sustainability and, WHEREAS a more rational course of action would be to use scarce economic resources to develop and expand the use of renewable resources, BE IT RESOLVED that the Town of Sackville request that the Government of Canada protect the health and safety of our communities by denying approval for the Energy East Pipeline.


Town Council passes motion in opposition to Energy East pipeline S.N.O.E. wins small victory over TransCanada WILL BALSER News Reporter Sackville Town Council passed a motion with a vote of 5-3 in official opposition to the Energy East Pipeline on Feb. 14, following a fourmonth-long campaign led by student climate justice group Sackville No Energy East (S.N.O.E.). According to S.N.O.E. member Claire Neufeld, the approval of the motion at town council “demonstrates the town’s environmental leadership and an investment in our collective future.” At a previous town council meeting on Feb. 6, TransCanada sent representatives Patrick Lacroix, New Brunswick lead of community and Aboriginal relations, and Steve Morck, senior environmental advisor for the Energy East Pipeline, to give a presentation in favour of the pipeline. Approximately 30 New Brunswick trade union members, who were from “all around,” according to Lacroix, also attended the meeting on Feb. 6. S.N.O.E. is a student climate justice group that began in a geography seminar on environmental issues last semester. The group presented to MASU council and Sackville Town Council, asking both bodies for symbolic statements of opposition to

Energy East in November. MASU has not yet voted on the matter. S.N.O.E. also sent out a petition to the Mount Allison community that gained over 700 signatures. They plan to continue their lobbying efforts to receive similar statements of opposition from Mt. A and the MASU. The pipeline, set to run over 4,500 km from Alberta to Saint John, N.B., would carry an estimated 1.1 million barrels of crude oil per day. This would make it the largest oil pipeline in North America, with 415 km of new pipeline to be laid in New Brunswick. When the pipeline leaks, which is widely regarded as inevitable, it will only be shut down if one per cent of the oil it is carrying is leaked. If it is shut down, it takes a minimum of 10 minutes to cut off the flow. In that time, a minimum of 3 million litres of oil will already have spilled. Brad Walters, professor of the seminar on environmental issues, attended the council meeting. He said that passing this motion was a step in the right direction. “It’s very encouraging to see more and more people engaging in these issues in a political way. People in positions of power, in government and industry, are not doing nearly enough.”

Councillor Bill Evans presented and drafted the motion. “Global climate change affects all of us. This [motion] is completely consistent with our sustainability plans,” Evans said. Evans added that no motion passed by Town Council has had the universal support of all Sackville residents, but that this particular motion is necessary in lobbying higher levels of government to take action. Mayor John Higham, who resigned as chair of the meeting momentarily

to voice his opposition to the motion, said, “the complexity of this project deserves a full hearing of all evidence and opinions.” Higham added that motions of this nature are not within the mandate of Town Council. He then resumed his role as chair. With the passing of this motion, Sackville becomes the second municipality in New Brunswick, after Edmundston, to officially oppose Energy East.








Mounties make waves at AUS swimming Championships

Mounties finish strong

Varsity swim team has a strong end to their season

As the season comes to a close, the Mount Allison women’s varsity hockey team defeated the Dalhousie Tigers at their seniors’ game and last home game of the year, breaking a 13-game losing streak. This game recognizes all the hard work and dedication of the team’s senior players; each graduating player is presented with a jersey to commemorate all their on- and off-ice contributions during their time with the program. “Senior day is a game that all [graduating] players cherish. I remember all the seniors being very proud to get their jerseys presented to them and then celebrate after the game. It is a game to honour our careers as varsity athletes,” fifth-year forward Kara Anthony said. Eight players who participated in the seniors’ game will be moving on from varsity hockey and each will remember standing on the ice together one last time. “It’s hard to know that it’s the last time that I will be playing with these girls. I am glad to have this seniors’ game, because it’s a great way to recognize our last game in this arena. I am thankful for the coaching staff and the team for making our last game special. It means a lot,” fourthyear goaltender Keri Martin said. As much as the day is about celebration, it brings mixed emotions to the arena. Heach coach Warren Mason said that “the harder side, for

I am very proud to be a part of this team.” The meet was also bittersweet, as it marked the departure of four of the team’s veteran swimmers. Last weekend marked the last AUSsanctioned swim meet for graduating students Loewen, Rothfuss, WooleyBerry and Laurel White. Former varsity swimmer and assistant coach Nic SunderlandBaker praised the performances and attitudes of the senior swimmers. “It was wonderful to see our fourthyears all achieve best times at their final AUS. While I trained and competed with [them], I noticed they were talented, hard-working and respectful of the sport. While I helped coach the Mounties I noticed that in showing these qualities at everyday practices and at competitions, the four senior athletes shaped the rest of the team’s attitude to the sport. The Mt. A swim team has enjoyed four years of commitment from these four incredible athletes and will continue to benefit from their legacy of sportsmanship.” This marks the second year in a row that the Mt. A swim team has had the most retiring swimmers out of all the teams in the AUS. “We had a very successful year as a team and I know we can carry this success into next year’s swim season. We are hoping to get some new talent on the team next year,” Henry said. While the season maybe over for most of the team, Loewen, Berger and Feschuk will represent the Mounties at the USports championships that will take place from Feb. 24 to 26 , at the University of Sherbrooke in Quebec.


DYLAN WOOLEY-BERRY Contributor Mount Allison’s varsity swim team posted a strong showing at their last swim meet of the season at the Atlantic University Sport (AUS) Swimming Championships last weekend, hosted at the University of Prince Edward Island. Both the men’s and women’s teams competed with 70 other student athletes from five other swim teams. When the water had settled at the end of the weekend, the women’s team stood in second place overall in the standings and the men’s team, with the second smallest roster at the meet, stood in fifth place overall. “These were the best team results I’ve seen in the past four to five years,” said head coach John Peters, who just marked his 23rd AUS Championship. The swim team had a number of outstanding performances from individual swimmers. Allison Loewen won one gold and two silvers in her individual events as well as

two bronzes and one silver in the relays, leaving the championships with six medals in total. Loewen’s gold-medal race in the 50-metre freestyle also qualified her for the USports National Championships in two weeks, where she will compete alongside teammates Geraint Berger and Olivia Feschuk. This will be the most swimmers Mt. A has sent to the USport National Championships in over a decade. Swimmers Maddy Henry, Loewen, Feschuk, Berger and Dylan WooleyBerry won the team’s 11 individual medals out of the team’s 24 total medals. Collectively, the team had a personal-best rate of 85 per cent, making this meet the most successful showing of the year. “It was great to see so many amazing accomplishments made by my teammates this past weekend,” fourth-year captain Brenna Rothfuss said. “All the gruelling hours we’ve spent training in the pool since September certainly paid off. Everyone performed above and beyond what was expected and



Holland 6 MSVU 11 Mount Allison St. Thomas UKing’s College Crandall UNBSJ 5

GP 16 15 14 14 16 14 16


15 13 8 7 5 2 2

MSVU (A) 75 - MTA (H) 63 STU (A) 50 - MTA (H) 84



1 2 6 7 11 12 13

PTS 30 26 16 14 10 4 4



MSVU Mount Allison Crandall 11 Holland UKing’s College St. Thomas DAL AC UNBSJ 10

[the seniors] and myself, is knowing that they will not be back. That sense of who you are does not just stop when you skate off the ice, walk off the field, or step off the court for the last time. For many, it is a gradual process of detachment that takes time and is often difficult. ”As a coach, my players are an extension of my family and it is always difficult to know that they will not be in the room next year.” The victory against the Tigers was the perfect ending to seniors’ night. After a scoreless first period, the Mounties pushed through and opened the scoring in the second period with a power-play goal by Anthony. The Mounties did not look back and went on to win the game 5-3. Senior goaltender Martin stopped 28 of 31 shots faced, while the Mountie seniors scored all five goals: Anthony and Jennifer Dillon both scored two and Jennifer Bell scored one. “The whole team gave it everything we had and getting the win made the day that much better. It was everything we could have asked for,” Anthony said. Although the Mounties did not qualify for the AUS post-season, they did go out with a great home win. “The sacrifices that studentathletes make throughout their university careers to play the sport they love while getting an education is significant,” Mason said. ”I deeply admire these student-athletes and everything that they have achieved in their time at Mt. A.”



MSVU (A) 71 - 11MTA (H) 40 STU (A) 57 - MTA (H) 65


HAMZA MUNAWAR Sports Reporter

GP W 18 17 17 17 18 17 18 18

17 15 11 10 5 4 4 4


1 2 6 7 13 13 14 14

PTS 34 30 22 20 10 8 8 8



MTA (A) 0 - 9MSVU (H) 3 DAL AC (A) 0 - MTA (H) 3

DAL (A) 3 - MTA (H) 5 MTA (A) 3 - STFX (H) 7


MSVU 15 Holland UNBSJ Mount Allison St. Thomas USaint-Anne DAL AC UKing’s College 9

GP 19 20 19 20 19 19 18 18


18 17 12 11 9 4 3 2


1 3 7 9 10 15 15 16

36 34 24 22 18 8 6 4


Saint Mary’s 7 St. Thomas St. FX UPEI Moncton Dalhousie Mount Allison 3


18 17 16 14 8 7 4


3 4 8 9 12 16 19

3 3 0 1 4 1 1

39 37 32 29 20 15 9





Showdown between the league’s top teams Mt. A hosts grudge match against MSVU this Saturday with top spot on the line


DAVID TAPLIN Sports and Health Editor On Oct. 29, the women’s basketball team opened their season against St. Thomas University with seven players on their roster, one of whom had just played a full 90 minutes for the Mounties’ soccer team. The short bench cost the Mounties in a close

game that saw STU take the 62-61 win. Fast forward to this past Sunday, when the Mounties hosted STU once again, this time beating the Tommies 65-57. “We started this year with a newer team than we thought, [as we] lost a lot of our core players,” third-year small forward Erin Steeves said. The team went into the Christmas break

with a 3-3 record. For Steeves, the difficulty they faced early had its advantages. “We had to play through adversity [and] face situations that we wouldn’t normally have to,” she said. Head coach Matt Gamblin emphasized the role of the team’s leaders in getting through their rocky start and integrating new players successfully. “That’s not always going

to happen at the university level,” he said. “We got through it, the kids stayed mentally tough.” Third-year guard Lauren MacEachern joined the team in the middle of the season this year after playing in her freshman year. For her, the team atmosphere made it easy to transition. “I only played with a couple of the girls before – everyone is new, but everyone is welcoming,” she said. Currently ranked 11th in the country, the Mounties look like a much-improved team this semester, going 5-3 since Christmas, with two of their three losses being against the team ranked sixth in the country, the MSVU Mystics. The success is in large part thanks to their growing familiarity with one another. “I think we have a really great group of girls this year. Even the girls who joined last minute have all filled in really well,” Steeves said. Last weekend saw the Mounties lose at the hands of MSVU before their victory against STU. With the win on Sunday, the Mounties have given themselves an edge over STU to be the third-ranked team in the conference, with playoffs two weeks away. Gamblin looked at the win as an indicator of his team’s progress. “The resilience to come back off a very frustrating night the night before

[was] a team effort right down the line, [with] 12 players [contributing],” he said. The potential of the team was visible to all in an attendance on Sunday, as the Mounties looked dominant against a Tommies team that has beaten them three times this season. “If we can have a game where we all click like today – the energy’s there, everybody’s contributing off the bench – we are going to win,” Steeves said after the game. The team still has room to grow in order to close the gap between themselves and the top teams in the league, the Holland College and MSVU. “It will just keep coming as we get to know each other better and learn how each other plays,” MacEachern said. “We’ve seen small glimpses of what we could be.” The Mounties will host the ACAA playoffs from March 3-5, where they will look to qualify for nationals for the second time in three years. The opportunity to host playoffs is seen as an advantage by Steeves, who is optimistic about the team’s potential come playoff time. “If we have a game where we all click and all contribute like we did today, we will be just fine in the playoffs,” she said. “We can easily make it to the finals or win a championship.”


Mt. A’s coders among world’s elite Mt. A’s coding team is led by three of the top 20 coders in the world


BEN PERES Contributor One of Mount Allison’s lesserknown teams is possibly its most successful. A lot of people may not consider competitive computer programming a sport, and maybe it

isn’t, but it is a cut-throat world that requires gruelling practices, hours of dedication and a lot of perseverance. You do not get into a competition for which even Harvard could not qualify without being extremely self-driven. The Mt. A coding team is ranked fourth worldwide on the Kattis

ranking system, the governing body for coding competition, second only to KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden, Reykjavik University in Iceland and Stanford University in the U.S. The overall rank is calculated using a weighted points system in which coders with more points contribute more to the university’s score. According to this ranking, Mt. A boasts three of the top 20 programmers in the world. Micah Stairs leads the charge in fourth, with William Fiset in 17th and Thomas (Finn) Lidbetter not far behind in 20th. You can earn points in the Kattis score system by solving problems and submitting passing code in competition or through practice submissions. The difficulty score of the questions ranges from one (being the easiest) to 10 points. While a lot of the problems on the low end of the point spectrum are easier to solve if you have taken COMP 1631, it can be difficult to solve even the most conceptually simple problems. Many students who study both computer science and math perform particularly well in competitive programming. Although computer programming does not have the same risk of injury as most physical sports, there are

many potential hazards, including sleep deprivation, mental stress and Carpal Tunnel syndrome. Fourth-year student Stairs knows all about the challenges of competitive programming. “You might mistakenly make assumptions about the problem which can lead you to the wrong answer. Another difficulty is coming up with a solution that is efficient enough,” Stairs said. This year, Mt. A’s team qualified for the World Finals, which will take place in Rapid City, S.D. This will not be the exciting location by the competition’s standard. In the last five years it has been held in Phuket, Thailand (2016), Marrakesh, Morocco (2015), Ekaterinburg, Russia (2014), Saint Petersburg, Russia (2013) and Warsaw, Poland (2012). In a competition setting, the format is simple. Each team is composed of three students. They are given a desk, some scrap paper, a list of problems to solve and a computer to write the code on. Stairs emphasized that a strong team strategy is crucial during these competitions. “Usage of the computer is a scarce commodity during a programming competition since there are three team members and only one computer. Therefore, it is important to minimize

wasted time at the keyboard,” he said. Stairs also emphasized the importance of teamwork during competition. “This can be done by figuring out how to solve the problem on paper before beginning to actually write the code and sharing the computer effectively between team members. It is also important to brainstorm solutions with other members of your team, since the collective knowledge of the team is greater than any one member’s knowledge.” As I was writing this article, I was forced to address the question of what constitutes a sport. Is it a certain physical endeavor? Or is it something that combines all of your mental faculties in order to create an incredible outcome? You can compare a great solution to a problem with an incredible catch in a football game. Both take a significant amount of time and effort to perfect. The football catch is a quick reaction that takes a multitude of steps, just as the execution of a well-thought-out program takes only a second for the computer to carry out but requires a coder’s perfected technique. Computer programming is a sport for your mind.


Until now, Mount Allison’s fine arts student shows have largely been confined to the backspace of the Struts gallery as part of an agreement between the student-run START gallery and the artist-run Struts Gallery & Faucet Arts Media Centre – an art gallery and Atlantic Canada’s sole media centre with representation of all forms of media. Last summer, talk of a Fawcett Media Centre expansion into the backspace of Struts brought up the topic of revamping START’s general setup at the Lorne Street gallery. Starting Feb. 20, Struts will open its entire space for the student-run gallery to host a series of six solo student shows. Set to last four weeks in total, the upcoming START series will act as a trial for future arrangements between the two parties. The Struts gallery can be divided into three sections and, if completely used, will allow three solo shows to run concurrently. “The way that it [will work] is we get less time for a show, but can program more shows because three are happening at once,” said Evan Furness, a third-year fine arts student and co-coordinator of START gallery. “It’s a test to see if START can become more of an event than just something that happens every two weeks,” Furness said. “[Hopefully] we can get more community members out because there will be more than one student exhibition happening.” The START series will feature artists Marissa Cruz, Nelligan Letourneau and Ben Morton in the first two weeks, then artists Kevin Melanson, Ali Louwagie and Jeff Mann, and a performance by Andrea Wilson in the following two weeks. Work by Cruz, Letourneau and Morton will be up between Feb. 20 and their closing ceremony on March 3. An opening show for the next four artists will take place on March 5.

MARISSA CRUZ Displaying food items like lollipops, jello and raw meat in unconventional ways, second-year fine arts student Marissa Cruz magnifies the sensory experiences of literal and figurative acts of consumption. Depicting the body as an analog of raw meat, Cruz’s artwork blurs the line between consumption and objectification. In one display of esculent sensuality, hot dogs in dangling pantyhose intermingle suggestive odours, colours and textures. Suspended for the observer’s gaze, the garments force the onlooker to participate in a visual act of consumption. With the goal of creating an exhibit rife with sounds of sucking, swallowing and chewing, Cruz plans to “have bowls of food and straws for people to suck on [to] add to a visceral and gluttonous kind of experience” in her first solo show with START. Interested in taking apart feminine ideals, Cruz uses film to expose their fragile and absurd natures. In short film reels, Cruz, as the subject, acts out rituals that intentionally damage her femininity. “In all of the video work that is on display at START, I am demolishing [a] food item,” Cruz said. “I think that says a lot about my opinion on femininity, and how weird it is.” In one film, Cruz salivates as she gazes longingly at a melting ice cream cone. Intending to rouse discomfort and even disgust, the dripping drool and ice cream reveal deep-seated societal taboos that shame and censor female gluttony.

NELLIGAN LETOURNEAU A project on self-exploration and character creation, Nelligan Letourneau’s adoption of a butterfly persona symbolizes an endeavour to exert self-control over personal anxieties. Letourneau, a fourth-year fine arts student, was inspired to become a butterfly in order to harness the “butterflies in her stomach.” “It’s really strange, becoming another thing and embodying that thing, but also being aware of your thing being that thing,” Letourneau said, describing the perplexing meta nature of her artwork. An unexpected consequence of intermingling self with persona, a leg injury Letourneau sustained last August permeated into her artwork and modified her character into a butterfly-girl entrapped in the cocoons of mandatory bed rest and leg splints. “I wanted to become a butterfly to be like, ‘Anxiety be gone, I am one with you,’ and then it’s like I’m just sitting around [injured],” Letourneau said. “The idea of becoming this creature [contrasted with] not being able to attain that freedom that one can imagine you would [have] if you could fly.” Confined for weeks to her bed, Letourneau said the repetitive reality of her healing process inspired her to catalogue herself in paintings and drawings as a butterfly lounging day after day, languishing after freedom. Unexpectedly, Letourneau discovered the mythologized nature of butterflies resonated with unrealized liberation. “Butterflies are so mythologized. They’re these creatures that have been made into something else, but they only live for a short period,” Letourneau said, reflecting on the disparity between her persona’s myth and actual nature. “They’ve become some sort of emblem of freedom, but they really aren’t strong.” Similar to the butterfly’s misleading association with freedom, Letourneau’s adoption of a butterfly persona created a fictional narrative that ultimately challenged her expectations. “It’s hard to separate [self from persona] sometimes, because I’m depicting what’s happened to me,” Letourneau said. “I’m twisting my own narrative into a fictional one.” Letourneau’s exhibition at START will be her second solo show.

BEN MORTON In a deeply personal print and animation series, fourth-year fine arts student Ben Morton explores the relationship between character and costume. His series, titled “How to Get Along with People,” reflects Morton’s personal and artistic growth in its depiction of himself and his friends as subjects. “I’m trying to have [my show] be an open question or a bit of a statement,” Morton said, elaborating on the collection’s title. “So you can go in and read it as, ‘This is how to get along with people the Ben Morton way,’ which is goofy, wearing costumes or fantasizing. But it’s also, ‘How do you get along with people?’ Like, who are these people, what are they doing in this fictitious seminarrative – are they getting along, are they friends?” Using sheets, fabrics, furs and feathers, Morton dresses his subjects with the goal of discovering characters that arise organically in digital format. “[My art is an] exploration of identity, self and persona, how you perceive and how you are perceived,” Morton said. “[For example], what does it mean if someone is wearing winged shoes, holding a mirrored shield and flying through the air?” Drawing inspiration from comic-book graphics and video-game concept art, Morton digitally enhances his prints and animations to produce striking colour contrasts that simultaneously contour the costume and obscure the subject’s facial identity. “It’s fun to take the language that’s expressed with [comics, video games and cartoons] and adopt it,” Morton said. “[With] this high-contrast, black, white and yellow, Dick Tracy-style colourization, what can I do to take that and say something with it while still being myself and not just being derivative?” His first solo show, Morton’s series will also include animations that magnify simple gestures, like the stroking of one’s chin or the pulling of a sheet. Visually altered to a high-contrast comic-book style, the looping animations call special attention to isolated motions and prompt speculation into the subject’s identity.

All photographs provided by the artists Top: Marissa Cruz Middle: Nelligan Letourneau Bottom: Ben Morton




Owen’s hosts Sweetest Little Thing

Valentine’s Day art auction exhibits Sackville’s lively, loving and intimate arts community


MARISSA CRUZ Arts and Culture Reporter This past Tuesday, the Owens Art Gallery was left buzzing after the highly anticipated Sweetest Little Thing art auction. Each year on Valentine’s Day, artists from Sackville and the larger Canadian artist community donate a piece of art for auction to fundraise for the Owens and Struts art galleries. Elaborately embellished, the cakes featured in the cakewalk were as stylish as the eccentrically and stunningly dressed event attendees. A celebration of the tender and assiduous nature of collective fundraising in fine arts, the night acts as a reminder of the community’s devotion to the local art scene. The diverse and charming assortment of submitted pieces ranged from small sculptural pieces to endearing paintings and drawings. To donate a work to the auction, an artist must meet a few criteria. Artists can decide the medium as long as the piece adheres to the size requirements of 9” x 5” and is somewhat relevant to Valentine’s Day – whatever that might mean to the artist. Third-year fine arts student Evan Furness, who worked the auction for the first time this year, explained that following the size requirements did not seem mandatory. Furness created a miniature house carefully detailed with white siding and black roofing. “Sometimes people put in really big things,” he said. “I guess I feel pressure to follow [size restrictions], but only because the whole idea of the Sweetest Little Thing is to auction off sweet little things.” Fourth-year fine arts student Hailey Guzik did not feel creatively

limited by the guidelines. Guzik contributed an oil painting, or, more specifically, a painted mattress which reads “69” that dangles from a colourful landscape set against a fluorescent background. “Personally, I enjoy the challenge of creating a piece that fits the Valentine’s Day theme but also reflects a bit of what my main practice is focused on,” she said. Lucy Koshan, a third-year fine arts student, enjoyed the challenge of working within the event’s constraints in her making of a vintage “KISS” pinball machine. “Making a small sculpture is fun. It’s also easy, because a tiny replica of a real-life thing is automatically charming. If I felt pressure at all, it was just to make something that people would like, find funny and [want] to buy.” Since fine arts students are often told not to produce any artwork for free – an artist’s work is an artist’s living – donating work and not getting compensated goes against the ingrained belief that the success of an art work is determined by the profit it collects. For Jeff Mann, who rarely produces art for sale, extra attention had to be paid to the commodification of his artwork in the context of an auction. “Because it’s an auction, I try to make something that people might want to buy,” Mann said. “My work is often not meant to be sold to individuals, so I have to keep that in mind.” Mann believes that it is important to support the fundraising efforts of galleries like Struts and the Owens. “I want to help support the Owens and Struts, [since] they are both very important to the town and provide so many great opportunities for students and Canadian artists….

[Donating a piece of art] is also an opportunity to exhibit my work to the public,” Mann said. Guzik thinks donating artwork is a more affordable way for students to support these facilities that promote art. “Since I don’t have a lot of money as a student to personally bid with [at] the auction, donating work is a good alternative [to show] that support,”

Guzik said. Third-year fine arts student Logan Milne was excited to be a part of the event this year. “Since the event lands on Valentine’s Day, it becomes a perfect chance to make some cute little art,” Milne said. Milne created a miniature pink chair for the auction. Thanks to Sackville’s Valentine’s

Day evening of sugary lust for cakes and amorous appreciation of art, the local art community will continue to be supported for years to come. The Sweetest Little Thing is a fun, quirky and pleasurable evening that rejuvenates and reminds us of Sackville’s love of art.






Music at Mt. A Anniversary series delights Music department head Stephen Runge performs concert featuring works from WWI ISAIAH YANKECH Contributor Last Saturday, the music department continued the celebration of the Music at Mount Allison Anniversary series in a captivating recital by music department head Stephen Runge. The performance, “A Century Passed – Music for Solo Piano from 19161917,” presented works by wellestablished composers of the late19th and -20th centuries with several works connected to World War I. The recital opened with two contrasting works by Russian composers, featuring the first movement, “The Magic Violin,” from Medtner’s Fairy Tales (Skazki), Opus 34, and the third and fifth movements from Rachmaninoff’s Études-Tableaux, Opus 39. In the fifth movement of Études-Tableaux, Appassianto in E-Flat Minor, Runge

allowed the grandeur of the texture to naturally evolve: chordal motion acted as supporting background and forward momentum for the melody, resulting in the audience’s continuous immersion in a thick layer of sound, making each climax striking. The latter part of the first half featured Ferruccio Busoni’s Sonatina No.4, Bela Bartok’s piano Suite, Opus 14 and Sergei Prokofiev’s Sonata in A minor, Opus 28. In Bartok’s Suite, each subsequent movement becomes increasingly active and lively until the more reflective and gentle-sounding fourth movement. The opening movement is rhythmically driven, which Runge used to set the tone for the suite. The following movement is a scattered sounding Scherzo, which is emphasized through clashing harmonies. Described by Runge as the most “violent and percussive,” the

third movement reached the Suite’s height of intensity, which was not only experienced audibly, but also physically through Runge’s body language and movement. The second half of the show featured multiple works that were either inspired by World War I or dedicated to people affected by it, ranging from the first, fourth and fifth movements of Leo Ornstein’s Poems of 1917, Opus 41, to Maurice Ravel’s Le tombeau de Couperin (1917). The first piece in the second half was Claude Debussy’s final piano composition, Les Soirs illuminés par l’ardeur du charbon, and was noticeably the more delicate work performed. “The pieces were technically brilliant and every note had such thought and intention behind it,” Leavitt said. Runge effectively conveyed the repeated bass tone as a soft central pitch and drone, creating

an atmosphere that freely allowed the melody to float above the light harmonies. The next work, “The Fountain of the Acqua Paola” from Charles Tomlinson Griffes’s Roman Sketches, Opus 7, highlighted Runge’s ability to elicit the imagery of the composition’s title. Runge artistically created the soundscape and imagery of smooth water flowing down the fountain through the fast passages and expansive lines that spanned an extensive range of the piano. Runge capped off the program with Maurice Ravel’s Le tombeau de Couperin (1917) piano suite. Ravel had dedicated each movement to a different friend who passed away fighting in World War I. The first three movements are peaceful and pleasant-sounding, contrasting with the last three movements that included a lively and bright

Rigaudoon, a graceful Menuet and an exhilarating Toccata that had flashes of flair and virtuosity – a fitting end for a challenging program. The audience thoroughly enjoyed the impressive program Runge compiled. “Attending Dr. Runge’s recital was an absolute thrill. Seeing someone you look up to take the stage is ever so inspiring,” said Emily Leavitt, a first-year pianist in Runge’s studio. Second-year student Madeleine Gaudette, also in Runge’s studio, said, “The recital was so powerful and passionate. He really captured all of the details and told stories in the pieces he played.”


Docfest inspires conservation appreciation Vogue theatre stages Sackville’s first annual tideland documentary festival

EMMA BUSH Arts and Culture Reporter As global warming and climate change continue to impact our lives, it is vital that we are educated on the topic of environmental conservation and appreciation. This past Wednesday at Sackville’s Vogue theatre, freelance production company VideoBand put on a “docfest,” or a mini festival of documentaries, to do just that. The festival was put together to provide opportunities for nature appreciation in New Brunswick. VideoBand is run by award-winning documentary filmmaker and photographer Craig Norris. Multiple media freelancers work with Norris to tell stories that focus on environmental conservation and climate change topics through film, photography and self-authored voice-overs. “If people really appreciate what they’re seeing, they’re more apt to want to protect it,” said Ben Phillips, an environmental science contributor who produced some of the company’s documentaries. The festival included the screening of five short documentaries depicting beautiful landscapes. While the first four documented areas in and around New Brunswick, the evening headliner depicted climate change on the islet of Kokota, Southern Guinea. The festival opened with two short excerpts from the production company’s online series Amazing Places, which features gorgeous cinematographic shots of the Fundy Biosphere Reserve. The comedic short film Surviving the Fundy Footpath followed novice backpacker Bruce as he embarked completely unprepared on a grueling five-day trek through the New Brunswick wilderness. Remote, rugged and beautiful, the Fundy Footpath is reputed to be the

most challenging wilderness trail in Atlantic Canada. “The issue here was safety…. A lot of people were going out unprepared … but nobody wants to watch a safety video,” Phillips said, describing the company’s motivation to create the film. “I really enjoyed watching Surviving the Fundy Footpath, as I plan to hike it this summer,” thirdyear environmental science student Anna Jamieson said. “It was really exciting to preemptively view some of the scenery and learn from Bruce’s experience.” Another short film was shown depicting lobster fisheries in Alma, N.B. This was followed by the headlining film of the night, Kokota: the Islet of Hope. The film focuses on innovative adaptations to climate change in the South Guinean islet community, a place vulnerable to deforestation, water changes and a collapsing fishing industry. “I think the reason it’s doing so well is it’s a different look at a climate change film,” Norris said, explaining that this film left viewers with a sense of hope as opposed to defeat. “They focus on simple things that they could do that don’t cost a lot of money,” Norris said. “[This is] something that the whole world can learn from.” A recipient of many accolades, Kokota: the Islet of Hope is being picked up by film festivals globally and is even being screened next month at the National Geographic Headquarters. The community of Kokota is combating challenges through active reforestation of the islet. They also dug a water tank and built solar panels, with the help of funding from the European Union. “Tideland is a touring docfest, [even though] it feels a bit funny calling it a docfest because we’re just showing [VideoBand’s] own movies,”

Norris said. “Next year we will be showing other people’s films too.” Currently collaborating with Michael Fox, a professor in Mount Allison’s geography department,

VideoBand is working on a short film on recycling. They are also collaborating with Nova Scotian comedian and actress Nikki Payne on an environmental comedy based on

the Chignecto Isthmus. Described by Phillips as an “enlightened redneck’s guide to moose sex,” he told audience members that Payne wants to “try to make the isthmus sexy again!”






Pros and cons of fine arts “Show and Sale” A conversation with four fine arts students on profiting – or not – from their art


MALLORY BURNSIDE-HOLMESArts and Culture Editor The walls of my apartment are decorated with student art purchased from years of attending Fine Arts Show and Sales. The prints and photos make me feel grateful that I am surrounded by talented peers and am able to support them in their artistic process. I am an altruistic art connoisseur! Four interviews with fine arts students later, I realize that the Show and Sales are a contentious topic among many artists. Each artist I spoke with offered a different perspective on the pros and cons of the student art sale, painting a nuanced picture of the often-unrecognized complicated relationship between creativity and profit. Nelligan Letourneau and Lucy Koshan are members of the Fine Arts Society and co-organizers of the Show and Sale. “It’s funny,” Letourneau said, “because I organize [the sales] but I don’t sell my art at them. That’s

because I don’t think the art that I make will sell for the prices I want to sell it for because I’m a painter and a drawer, rather than [a printmaker or a photographer].” Lucy Koshan also chooses not to sell her work at the Show and Sale, but for a different reason. “I don’t show my work because I don’t think it’s good enough yet. I recognize that I’m a student and I don’t want to have my name out there as a person making ‘student work’. I don’t want to be a ‘student artist’, so I’m not going to show my work or distribute it for probably another three or four years.” Both organizers consider pricing and profit a primary reason why some artists decide not to participate in the sale. “The Show and Sales are usually geared toward work within a certain price range. A lot of people don’t want to buy an individual thing for more than $20. The stuff that tends to sell really well are patches, which people sell for $5 or less,” Koshan said, noting they are still underpriced.

Letourneau added, “The people who make the most money [at the sale] are the people who do photography and printmaking or embroidery. I find we’ve kind of gotten into a [trend] where the people who make the most money also sell their stuff for the least amount of money.” While underpricing products is an unfortunate reality of the Show and Sales, artists are in control of pricing their own work. Koshan pointed out that “in some people’s practice, [recognition and distribution] is an important thing….You have a voice or you feel like you want to say something and that’s why you make art in the first place … so if that’s an important part of your practice, the Show and Sale is really good for that.” Now in her fourth year, Jen Frail has gained professional experience by participating in the Show and Sale. “I am happy to have an opportunity to sell my work. I think it’s really valuable practice. Getting experience selling our work and figuring out

how to price things and how to performative work or video art. With navigate that part of the process [is] that being said, I am not interested in really valuable … if you want to be a making my work more palatable for professional artist,” she said. commodification,” Cruz said. Although she is happy to sell her When I asked Letourneau if she work, Frail has had to struggle with was interested in selling her work at the difficult task of pricing it. all, she shared a similar sentiment to “It’s hard. It’s a balance. The Cruz: “I kind of don’t want to make toughest thing to figure out is how to it for anyone except myself. If it’s price things fairly to pay yourself for something that someone would buy, the time and the skill and the creativity then they could approach me. But I’m that you put into something. A lot of not trying to make it as something people who come to the Show and to sell. I try to make it because it’s Sale see something and only see the something I want to make.” value in the materials. Cruz identified an interesting “I think that’s a challenge we have repercussion of made-to-sell art, as artists – to convince people this which she finds the sales encourage. is worth more because of what I put “A pattern I have been noticing is that into it. These materials on their own feminist art sells very well at Show and wouldn’t add up to be this if it wasn’t Sales. I am constantly disappointed in for my creativity,” she said. the dilution of feminist issues and lack Frail uses the money she makes of intersectionality with the feminist at the sale to continue art that is being to fund her work, “THE WORK THAT FINE sold. Feminism is a process she finds not a fad. I do not extremely rewarding. “I ARTS STUDENTS MAKE think that a patch think some people have or a print [or] what more negative attitudes FOR SHOW AND SALES have you that reads toward [the Show and a generic ‘feminist’ Sale] because making art AFFIRMS THE IDEA mantra embodies to sell isn’t something feminist art or we focus on very much THAT ART IS STRICTLY femme identity.” in the program … but I So, what are we think there is something DRAWINGS AND n o n - a r t i s t i c a l l y to be said for being able talented but to make something that PAINTINGS, PATCHES a r t i s t i c a l l y another person loves appreciative people and needs to have. ” AND POSTERS” to do? When I Second-year fine asked Letourneau arts student Marissa Cruz does not if she felt it was morally responsible participate in the Show and Sale for students to purchase artwork at and is vocal about her reasons not the Show and Sale, she responded, “I to. “The work that fine arts students think so, because [participation] is at make for show and sales affirms the the artist’s own discretion….I think idea that art is strictly drawings and it’s morally okay because the artists paintings, patches and posters. It are the ones setting the prices.” supports the flimsy idea that art has Perhaps we can also take some to be materialistic, of some physical, solace – if it is deserved – in the fact quantifiable gain to satisfy our hungry that, as Koshan said, “We are our own visual, gluttonous appetites.” bosses. No one is exploiting us. That’s Like many of the students who the thing about being an artist: You don’t sell their art at the Show and are an agent [and] you are a business Sale, Cruz abstains because the person too. You can control the terms venue does not cater to her art form. that you sell under.” “The kind of art that I make is not something sellable – I mainly do


Unsettling the table ALEX LEPIANKA Contributor

I was recently gifted Mary Frances Kennedy Fisher’s 1937 Serve It Forth. This book is a meditation on culinary history that begins by announcing its intention to break with earlier traditions of gastronomic writing. In impeccable prose, Fisher traces the history of culinary excesses in Greek antiquity, offers a literary account of the potato and maps the pleasures of dining alone. Her writing, reminiscent of past ages, welcomes us to the table of Roman and Rhenish nobility alike. Unlike most of her culinary contemporaries, Fisher invites us to relate to the feasting monks of medieval Europe and balk

at the “barbaric accumulations” of food displayed on the tables of the French bourgeoisie. Serve It Forth recalls the earliest works of the gastronomic essay. Its founding authors were French noblemen writing in post-Napoleonic France with a nostalgia for the Ancien Régime into which they were born. The works were magisterial treatises on the importance of food for the human condition, and their writers, Grimod and BrillatSavarin especially, set the style for food writing that still runs through critiques today. As Brillat-Savarin wrote, “the pleasure of the table belongs to all ages, to all conditions, to all countries, and to all eras; it mingles with all other pleasures, and

remains at last to console us for their departure.” However, Brillat-Savarin’s The Physiology of Taste (freely available online) makes strong claims to an authoritative knowledge on what it means to be “an eating man.” He establishes the fact that “animals fill themselves; man eats” as an “eternal basis” of his reflections. A scientific treatment of gourmandise, the philosophy of high taste, The Physiology organizes a series of meditations on the pleasures of cuisine in 19th-century France. As Fisher points out, she cannot fully break from the precedent, even a century later. This is because gourmandise is part of an imperial project in which

we, like Fisher, are still invested. The tables, described not only by Brillat-Savarin and Fisher, but also by contemporary critics and reviewers, are the tables of those at the helm of systems of colonial and neo-colonial rule. Between his aphorisms on fish and fowl, Brillat-Savarin reveals that good taste, as he understood it, could not exist without the systems of expropriative trade between France and her colonies. All men eat, but eating tastefully distinguishes the beneficiaries of imperial dominion. From its beginning in imperial France, gastronomic writing differentiated the gourmand and his society from the oppressed Other – the unsavoury memory of whose suffering cannot be allowed

to spoil dinner. In flowing prose, Fisher also accounts for pleasures in their historical contexts—webs of gendered, class-based and racialized systems of benefit and oppression. Of course, we still eat in a historical context. Our cuisine continues to depend on global flows of bodies and, with them, food cultures. News outlets speak of Syrian bakeries opened by refugees; bánh mì was a 2016 staple; boutique restaurants proliferate, gentrifying low-income neighbourhoods and extending the domain of whiteness and capital. As they did two centuries ago, the pleasures of the table remain invested in problems that extend well beyond the dining room.




“Privilege test” grants new perspectives


MOSAIC hosts activity to help students understand their relative privilege


WILL PELLETIER Arts and Culture Reporter Last Friday, just over a dozen students attended the “Test of Privilege” organized by the student run Multicultural Organization and Social Arena for International

Cooperation (MOSAIC). Intended to help people understand the effects of societal privilege, the activity enabled participants to draw comparisons between their lives and those of their counterparts in attendance. The test was simple. Students lined up in Tweedie Hall and were

read statements by event organizers. The students would then respond to the statement by stepping forward or backward according to whether the statement was true or false regarding their lives. For example, one statement was, “My parents paid some of my tuition.” By the end,

the students standing at the front were those with the most privilege, according to the test, while those at the back held the least. Natalia Liste, a first-year international relations student from Spain, participated in the test. “I expected to have a lot of privilege. I’m a white female, but I was basically in the middle of the room, and it really made me think,” Liste said. “I think the question that bothered me the most was the one asking, ‘Did your parents go to college?’ It made me think, because I’m privileged to be going to university in a different country, whereas my mother didn’t complete her degree. I’m in a completely different spot from where [my parents] were at my age,” Liste said. Saniya Korhalkar, president of MOSAIC, also participated in the test. “There were some questions that even I was surprised by. When I was doing the exercise I had to take a moment and think about it,” she said. While the test enlightened students to their relative levels of privilege among immediate acquaintances and members of their community, it also inspired reconsideration for the statuses of others across the world.

“We’re doing [the activity] at Mount Allison, which is important, considering what’s going on around the world and even in Canada,” Korhalkar said. Carly Pullin, a second-year international relations student, reflected on understanding privilege. “It wasn’t until coming to university that I even knew what privilege was, because it wasn’t really talked about at all where I’m from,” Pullin said. “When I came to Mt. A, I started learning about differences and social issues and learning about the things you take for granted.” After the test was completed, the students passed around a microphone to comment on their experience and share any insights they had. “It’s a really good opportunity to get to know yourself better and see your position in life from a different perspective,” Pullin said. “Just seeing the people around you and where they’re situated is really sobering. You don’t normally get the chance to look outside of your own little bubble.” For anyone who missed the activity but still wishes to test their own privilege, Korhalkar suggested trying a similar test on Buzzfeed.


THE ARGOSY w w w. a r g o s y. c a

Independent Student Newspaper of Mount Allison University Thursday, February 9, 2017 volume 146 issue 15


An annual reminder that love is political

This Valentine’s day, thank your friends for their emotional labor

Circulation 1,000 Since 1872

on Unceded Mi’kmaq Land 62 York Street W. McCain Student Centre Mount Allison University Sackville, New Brunswick


E4L 1H3


THE ARGOSY is published by Argosy Publications, Inc., a student run, autonomous, apolitical not-for-profit organization operated in accordance with the province of New Brunswick.

THE ARGOSY is a member of the Canadian University Press, a national co-operative of student newspapers.

ISSN 0837-1024

The Underbridge Press is a student-run publishing organization at Mount Allison University.

EDITORIAL staff EDITORS-IN-CHIEF | Sylvan Hamburger, Tyler Stuart MANAGING EDITOR | Cecilia Stuart NEWS EDITORS | Naomi Goldberg, Catherine Turnbull ARTS & CULTURE EDITORS | Mallory Burnside-Holmes, Mirelle Naud SPORTS & HEALTH EDITOR | David Taplin OPINIONS EDITOR | Shannon Power HUMOUR EDITOR | Mark Cruz COPY EDITOR | Claire Henderson-Hamilton

PRODUCTION staff PRODUCTION MANAGER | Hailey Guzik PHOTO EDITOR | Savannah Harris PHOTOGRAPHERS | Savannah Forsey, Ryan MacRae ILLUSTRATION EDITOR | Jeff Mann ILLUSTRATORS | Izzy Francolini, Louis Sobol ONLINE EDITOR | Monica Zahl

REPORTING staff NEWS REPORTERS | Will Balser, Kavana Wa Kilele, Jill MacIntryre POLITICS REPORTER | Nadiya Safonova SPORTS REPORTER | Hamza Munawar ARTS & CULTURE REPORTERS | Emma Bush, Marissa Cruz, Will Pelletier

OPERATIONS staff BUSINESS MANAGER | Tessa Dixon AD MANAGER | James Lantz CIRCULATIONS | Katharyn Stevenson

CONTRIBUTORS Caity Brawn, Ben Peres, Dylan Wooley-Berry, Alex Lepianka, Isaiah Yankech, Charlotte Akin, Nelligan Letourneau, Brendan Carrol, Mark Nicol COVER |Logan Milne RUNNING DOODLES |

PUBLICATION board Leslie Kern, Owen Griffiths, Mark Nicol, Lili Falk

DISCLAIMERS & COPYRIGHT The Argosy is the official independent student journal of news, opinion, and the arts, written, edited and funded by the students of Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick. The opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of The Argosy’s staff or its Board of Directors. The Argosy is published weekly throughout the academic year by Argosy Publications Inc. Student contributions in the form of letters, articles, photography, graphic design and comics are welcome. The Argosy reserves the right to edit or refuse all materials deemed sexist, racist, homophobic, or otherwise unfit for print, as determined by the Editor-in-Chief. Articles or other contributions can be sent to or directly to a section editor. The Argosy will print unsolicited materials at its own discretion. Letters to the editor must be signed, though names may be withheld at the sender’s request and at The Argosy’s discretion. Anonymous letters will not be printed. Comments , concerns, or complaints about The Argosy’s content or operations should be first sent to the Editor-in-Chief at the address above. If the Editor-in-Chief is unable to resolve a complaint, it may be taken to the Argosy Publications, Inc. Board of Directors. The chairs of the Board of Directors can be reached at the address above. All materials appearing in The Argosy bear the copyright of Argosy Publications, Inc. Material cannot be reprinted without the consent of the Editor-in-Chief.


KATHARYN STEVENSON Contributor Over the past few years, I have struggled with the concept and meaning of Valentine’s Day. As I have grown as a feminist and become more aware of systems of oppression that uphold what it means to be “normal” in our society, the idea of Valentine’s Day has become much less romantic than I once thought. Since Valentine’s Day was just a few days ago, I think it is important to familiarize ourselves with the concept of emotional labour and how it plays out within our interpersonal relationships, particularly during this time of year. As you read this, emotional labour may sound like a completely foreign concept to you, something that you’ve never heard of before; or, you may know those two words all too well. Everyday Feminism defines emotional labour as “the feminist idea that women – and other people that society labels “feminine” – are socialized to provide a vast array of emotional services for other people (usually men), most often without acknowledgement or pay.” Emotional labour is interwoven throughout almost every aspect of the lives of women, femmes and marginalized people. We provide emotional labour in more noticeable, overt situations, such as comforting a friend or loved one in times of distress, but also in subtle, nearly invisible ways, such as meeting the expectation to constantly make time and space for others’

voices and emotions besides our own. Emotional labour is not isolated to just interpersonal relationships. It manifests itself in a variety of spaces, communities and institutions that we all take part in every single day. From dealing with the expectations of catcallers who want women and femmes to politely acknowledge their

“EMOTIONAL LABOUR IS INTERWOVEN THROUGHOUT ALMOST EVERY ASPECT OF THE LIVES OF WOMEN, FEMMES AND MARGINALIZED PEOPLE” harassment to handling the harsh judgment in the workplace for being overly assertive, emotional labour takes many forms.

It is difficult to grapple with and recognize the effects of emotional labour. As a woman, I have been taught to be a caretaker, to understand and recognize the feelings of those around me and to give my time and energy to listen to others unconditionally. I take pride in being a good listener, a caring friend and partner and someone who wants to make sure others are happy, but it leaves me wondering: when does it end? Does it make me a bad friend or partner if I don’t have the energy to listen, give advice, or be a source of support? The short answer to all of these questions is “no.” However, it has taken a long time for me to realize that sometimes putting myself first is absolutely necessary and it does not mean that I am the worst friend, partner, co-worker, etc. Resisting the pull of emotional labour and its ability to make us feel as if we do not have the right to think of ourselves and our

needs is incredibly difficult and yet so imperative to sustaining not only ourselves, but also our relationships and communities. The women, femmes and marginalized folks in your lives are constantly performing and giving emotional labour every single day, and this Valentine’s Day I hope you tell them how thankful you are for all that they do. Emotional labour isn’t all about the grand gestures or large emotional emergencies in our lives; it’s also about the small, seemingly menial things like asking how someone is doing, or if they need anything. We must all be aware of how we engage in emotional work in our daily lives and relationships and make a conscious effort to make emotional labour an equal effort. Our world is a difficult and sometimes scary place to navigate and we must all support and make space for each other’s emotional needs in order to create a sustainable resistance.





What the fuck is up with freedom of speech?

Providing space for violent speech and ideas is far from free



A letter to Dr. Campbell

Consider dedicating next year to tackling Islamophobia and fostering tolerance MARK NICOL Contributor Dear Dr. Campbell, As I’m sure you understand, I’ve been alarmed by recent events in Canada and the U.S., namely the so-called “Muslim ban” and the tragic shooting in Quebec City. In class, multiple professors have pointed out – with gaunt faces – that events today closely mimic those in Germany leading up to World War II and the Holocaust. I don’t want to be alarmist, but I’m really, really scared. So, I’ve got to thinking, what can I, and Mount Allison, do to support Muslim people in our community and beyond? I’ve been inspired by the Year of Indigenous Knowing and recognize that it has started many important conversations. I wonder if it could be replicated, but geared towards multiculturalism and religious tolerance in Canada, with special emphasis on Islam. Perhaps call it the Year of Diversity and Acceptance. This task will not come without challenges. The topic of multiculturalism in our liberal society, especially regarding Islam, is rife with tension and controversy. But these conversations are necessary and must be tackled head-on. I take hope from the fact that this year, we’ve endeavored to engage in the most difficult of topics – our colonial past and present and the decimation of Indigenous knowledge – with bravery and compassion. Here is another opportunity for Mt. A to take tremendous leadership. As a liberal arts institution, it is imperative that we be a leader in these difficult times. Sincerely,


BRENDAN CARROLL Contributor The concept of freedom of speech seems to have a very slippery meaning, in that it means very different, even disparate, things to different people. The idea behind freedom of speech is great: by allowing the freeflowing exchange of thoughts and ideas, somehow (usually through some form of essential reasoning apparently inherent in all humans) the Good Ideas will float to the top of discourse and prevail over the Bad Ideas, which have some essentially unreasonable thing about them. The notion of a marketplace of ideas, such as it is, is both beautiful and, frankly, absolute bullshit. Like all marketplaces, the marketplace of ideas is dressed up as a neutral area where people are free to exchange ideas as equals. However, in reality, the powerful dominate and control the marketplace to further their gains and strengthen their ideological foothold. To be a little less abstract, the correctness or incorrectness of those ideas we are exchanging is determined by dominant ideologies. This is why people are sympathizing with a Nazi – sorry, “white nationalist,” don’t want to be libelous – who got punched in the face, yet nobody is talking about the anti-fascist protester who was shot at the University of Washington on Jan. 20. This indicates that white nationalism is less of a threat to the dominant ideological forces in society than anti-fascist protesting and speech. The kind of unmitigated freedom of speech that allows for hate speech or the identification of undocumented students at universities is more than

just speech to the people it affects, it’s straight-up violence. The luxury of being able to exchange these ideas is something we don’t acknowledge enough. The debates we have in our classrooms are already privileged because while we’re arguing about wealth inequality or the need to divest from fossil fuels, or any other one of countless issues, people in the communities we live in, let alone globally, are being adversely affected by these problems. Actions against ideas that endorse this kind of violence are not themselves violent; they are taken out of self-defence. The recent protests at UC Berkeley are probably the best examples of both the hate speech I am describing and the action against that speech. Milo Yiannopolous, famous for outting trans people at his talks, was scheduled to speak at UC Berkeley and allegedly had been planning to identify undocumented students on the campus. Yiannopolous’ talk did not happen thanks to massive action against Yiannopolous. We have to stop understanding ideas and concepts as merely tools to get good grades or support arguments with friends or classmates. The ideas we endorse and the concepts we deploy work to either prop up or tear down oppressive ideologies and institutions. At their worst, these ideas may even seek to make things worse for the people who already deal with the brunt of their consequences. Especially at an institution such as a university, we have an ethical responsibility to understand whom our beliefs have the potential to affect, how they affect these people and, most importantly, how they play into the power dynamics of the “marketplace of ideas.”

Mark Findlay Nicol



Story Pitches for this Year’s Anarchy

1. Awkwardness of One Night Stand Amplified by Presence of Sheets Mom Purchased in Grade 7 2. Area White Liberal Finds Solace in Weekly Viewing of “SNL Weekend Update” “I’m really struggling to read the news lately,” said Dan, a 27 year-old man from Moncton who is in no way adversely affected by anything actually happening in the world right now. “Great that these guys can take such a funny spin on current events. Just comforting to know I’m not alone in all in this.”


3. Completely Full Tequila Shot on Counter Glaring Indication of Exactly Where Night Went Wrong

4. Selfie






Undergoes Procedure

“The photo must pass through a grueling, several-step process before reaching publication,” Erin says while editing her caption to utilize just the right amount of self-deprecation. The photo has reportedly advanced through the demanding initial stages such as “Not Too Overt Use of a Filter” and “Will this Make My Ex Jealous?”

5. Feeling of Exhaustion Surprisingly Comforting Emotion for Area Man “You know, after all that has happened this week, a sense of complete and utter fatigue is actually a welcome development.”

6. Use





Effectiveness of Snapchat Nude

7. Student





“Like 4 Words Written”



Cover letter for students looking for summer or post grad employment (Use all the CREATIVITY that 13-17 years in the education system has left you with.) Mr. ____________________, (add name of white man) My name is _______________, I am writing to express my interest in the ____________ position at your ______________ business. This position sparked my interest when I ____________ it on both the (proper noun) (name of job) (adjective) (verb past tense) __________and the Mount Allison Career Services web page. I would like to work for a ___________ company that offers a professional setting and work that will ____________ me. As a ___________ who (place) (adjective) (verb) (noun) will be returning to ___________ in the fall, I am able to work __________ hours up until___________, which complements the position’s timeline well. I believe I have a __________ that will lend itself (place) (adjective) (point in time) (noun) well to this job. ______________, (your choice of salutation) ______________ (your name)



The Argosy, February 16, Vol. 146, Iss. 16  

Issue 16

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